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Resorts in Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1919

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irmn'Mr nr.,,11,1  m «                                     KHflll
!
i CANADIAN PAGIFI
Gl
HOT
ELS
1919
09
a
Name of Hotel, Plan,
Distance from Station
and Transfer Charge
Altitude
Season
0
o
6
Rate
Per Day
Single
Meals
St. Andrews, N.B.
The Algonquin A
1 mile—25 cents
150
June 20-
Sept. 15
214
$7.00 up
B.$1.25
L.   1.50
[D. 2.00
McAdam, N.B.
McAdam Station Hotel A
At Station
445.
All year
16
3.00 up
fB.     .75
L.     .75
(D. 1.00
Quebec, Que.
Chateau Frontenac E
1 mile—50 cents
300
All year
375
2.00 up
a la carte
Montreal, Que.
Place Viger Hotel ,-E
At Place Viger Station
1}4 miles from Windsor
Station—50 cents
57
All year
115
1.50 up
a la carte
Winnipeg, Man.
The Royal Alexandra. . E
At Station
760
All year
410
2.00 up
a la carte
Calgary, Alta.
Palliser E
At Station
3425
All year
315
2.00 up
a la carte
Banff, Alta.
Banff Sorings Hotel. . . E
1% miles—25 cents
4625
May 15-
Sept. 30
305
2.00 up
a la carte
Lake Louise, Alta.
Chateau Lake Louise.. E
ZYz miles—50 cents
Narrow GaugeRailway
5670
June 1-
Sept. 30
320
2.00 up
a la carte
Emerald Lake (near Field
B.C.)
Emerald Lake Chalet.. A
7 miles—$1.00
4066
July 1-
Sept. 15
14
5.00 up
fB.  1.00
L.  1.00
[D. 1.50
Glacier, B.C.
Glacier House A
1}4 miles from station
by carriage road
4086
July 1-
Aug. 31
76
5.00 up
fB.  1.00
L.   1.00
[D. 1.50
Sicamous, B.C.
Hotel Sicamous A
At Station
1146
All year
60
4.00 up
1.00
Penticton, B.C.
Hotel Incola A
Near steamer wharf
All year
62
3.00 up
.75
Cameron Lake, B.C.
Cameron Lake Chalet.A
Vancouver Island
May 1-
Sept. 30
3.50
Vancouver, B.C.
Hotel Vancouver E
H mile—25 cents
100
All year
520
2.00 up
a la carte
Victoria, B.C.
Empress HoteL. E
Transfer—25 cents
Sea
Level
All year
320
2.00 up
a la carte
A—American.    E—European.    Rates subject to alteration.
Nature has thrown up the Canadian Rockies on so vast
a senile that the human mind with difficulty can grasp their
greatness except by some comparison. The transcontinental
trains take twenty-four hours to pass from Cochrane, at the
entrance to the Rockies, to Mission, some forty miles east
of Vancouver.    The simplest parallel  is that of the Swiss
Alps, which throw their giant barrier between Italy and
France. Two of the best known railway routes across the
Swiss Alps are the St. Gothard and the Simplon, and in each
case five hours is all the time taken by the express through
trains—five hours on the St. Gothard route from Lucerne to
Como; five hours on the Simplon route from Lausanne to
M Tf?nfm?mft^^
BANFF   SPRINGS   HOTEL   AND   BOW   VALLEY,   BANFF Arona. When, therefore, Edward Whymf)er,, the hero of
the Matterhorn, described the Canadian Pacific Rockies as
fifty Switzerlands thrown into one, this certainly was no
exaggeration. Snowy peaks, glaciers, rugged precipices,
waterfalls, foaming torrents, canyons, lakes like vast sapphires and amethysts set in the pine-clad mountains—these
have been flung together in unparalleled profusion on a
scale which Europe has never known.
From the roofgarden of the Hotel Palliser in Calgary you
can see the foothills of the Rockies., dull blue with shining
peaks against the horizon. As the train glides westward up
the long transverse valleys—old grooves down which the
spent glaciers came from the higher mountains—the prospect
grows more awe-inspiring with every mile, till the train
leaves the foothills for the real Rockies—peaks that touch
heaven for coldness.
The colouring is intense in the foregrounds; filled with soft
suggestion, with unguessed witchery of semi-tonal shade as
the prospect dips and fades away from you. The skies are
raw blue, the snow on the summits is whiter than sea-foam,
whiter than summer cloud, white with a glistening untouched
whiteness that cannot be named.
The still valleys are full of jade pine trees that fade into
amethyst and pearl distances. The spray of a 300-foot
cataract is like spun glass. The huge bulk of a tireless and
age-old glacier is milky green. The rocks are of every shade
and subtle blending that the palette of the First Artist could
produce. And the perspective effects are like nothing that
oan be caught with the camera, or even splashed on canvas.
Here in this wonder world, this bit of the raw glacial era
let down into neat and finished North America, the Canadian
Government has preserved four National Parks which dwarf
into insignificance any other parks in the world. There is
Rocky Mountains Park, with headquarters at Banff; there is
Yoho Park, reached from Field and Emerald Lake: there is
Glacier Park on the slopes of the Selkirk Mountains farther
west; and Revelstoke Park, overlooking the Columbia
Valley. Altogether there are nearly 170 miles of the most
wonderful carriage roads in the world; there are pony trails
innumerable where you can see, between straight pine trunks,
blue valleys that yawn to mid-most depths; and there are
automobile roads in being or under construction, such as
the Highway of the Great Divide, from Banff, over Vermilion
Pass by way of the Sinclair Canyon to the Windermere
District of the Columbia Valley, down which it goes through
the deep forest to the Crows Nest Pass.
There are few achievements in history to parallel the laying
of the Canadian Pacific steel across untouched wilderness and
prairie to Calgary (which appeared like the magician's pillar
when the road tapped the plain), and from Calgary to the Coast
over the Kicking Horse and through the Connaught Tunnel.
The track was laid despite unthinkable engineering difficulties; and has undergone one improvement after another
ever since.
: In the old days the Royal train containing the present
King of England as a passenge? was hauled from Field to
Hector by five huge locomotives. To-day that old 4.5 grade
is a carriage drive, one in the fairy spider-web of sightseeing
tours that radiate from Field. The main line now traverses
the valley of the Kicking Horse River between these two
stations with an increased length of 4.1 miles and a maximum
grade of 2.2 per cent.
Two of the tunnels were engineered in spiral form. The
first goes 3,255 feet into Mount Cathedral and out again,
issuing 54 feet higher up than it entered. The second
contains 2,924 feet of curving excavation and secures a rise
of 45 feet. The sightseer can therefore witness the strange
phenomenon of a railroad traversing the valley by three lines
at different elevations, crossing and recrossing the river by
four bridges. Two engines on the easy grade thus attained
can do the same work that used to call for four.
Until December of 1916, the railway climbed over the
top of Rogers Pass through a gorge, subject in winter to
heavy snowslides, against which the track was protected by
four miles of snowsheds. These are now evaded by the
double-track Connaught Tunnel, the longest in North
America, which pierces its way through Mount Macdonald.
From portal to portal this tunnel measures 26,400 feet, but
so straight is the line that the exits are never out of sight.
So much for what the traveler sees en route. The stopping
places are even more unique than the main-line sights.
Banff, Lake Louise, Field, Emerald Lake, Glacier, Sicamous—these have their hotels whose windows open on
fairyland, where music helps to pass the evening after a
glorious day. Banff has an excellent golf course near the
hotel. Fishing, hunting, climbing, riding, driving, exploring,
Alpine flower hunting, wonder-photo taking—these are the
"frill" doings in the Rockies. The biggest and most solid
pleasure is just living—living where the air has never been
contaminated with soot, where you can go from summer to
snow any time you want to, where you don't need any alarm
clock to get you up, any cordial to put you to sleep, any
dinner bell to tell you when it's time to eat.
The dining room of the Banff Hotel seats 600 guests at a
time, and the cuisine is up to Canadian Pacific standard,
which is all one needs to say. The hot springs provide for
ideal swimming even on the coolest day, the zoo is perenially
interesting, the boating and fishing will live in the memory
of any one who gives them a trial. The Chateau Lake Louise
that smiles at you from the diner menu before you get to it,
is no less enchanting when you arrive, and you arrive
hungry.
Whatever the visitor hits or misses, he must arrange to
stay over at Field. Never were there such carriage drives,
such pony trails, such two and three day trips into the impenetrable silences. The Mount Stephen House carries a
full force of guides and horses, and the chalet at Emerald
Lake and camps in the Yoho Valley are always ready.
PAGE TWO CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
Nothing could be a more unique experience than to drive
out to Emerald Lake for lunch, afterward taking the high
line trail to Twin Falls. There is boating and fishing at the
cosy little chalet on the lake which lies, as green as English
grass, in its setting of sombre hills. When the trail bends
north toward the Falls, you climb into another world. Across
on a sky-high meadow, mountain goats browse on the close
grass that is the sole form of verdure at that altitude. You
pass over the torn and chiselled path of a primeval glacier,
like a vast, dry torrent bed. A marmot whistles eerily, and
perhaps you catch a sight of his rock-grey head against the
door of his house. Now and then a porcupine scuttles quill-
fully ahead of you. Strange birds flare across the snow-
silences, as sudden as a spoken word.
The Twin Falls themselves are two huge roaring curtains
of spray, their feet hidden in perpetual mist that the sunshine
turns into rainbow dust.
The trail bends homeward here. You pass solemn little
emerald lakes in the nests of old cliff glaciers; you reach
Laughing Falls in eight miles; and later sight the never-to-
be-forgotten silver thread of Takakkaw where there is an
inviting camp, planted in the woodsy midst of cedars and
wild blueberry bushes.
The!K)rows Nest Route of the Canadian Pacific is a postscript, crossing the Rockies farther south than the main
line. But many folks think that it lives up to postscript
traditions by carrying some of the most important information. The visitor who would fully and faithfully see
Rockyland should go by way of Banff, Lake Louise, Field
and Glacier on the main line, then dip southward via Revelstoke and the Arrow lakes to the Kootenays, or by the
Okanagan Valley or the new Kettle Valley Railway to Southern British Columbia. There are wonderfully beautiful
waters and mountains all the way.
The Kettle Valley Railway is the youngest twig on the
Canadian Pacific tree. It opens the charming big-fruit
country of the Okanagan.
SUNRISE AND SUNSET AT BANFF, 1916
Time at Lake Louise 2 minutes later
Sunrise
May 15 4.52 A. M..
June 15.... 4.26 A. M..
July   15 4.44 A. M..
Aug.  15....    5.28 A. M..
Sept. 15 6.17 A. M..
Sunset
8.26 P.M.
.8.59 P. M.
.8.52 P. M.
8.04 P.M.
.6.57 A. M.
LUMBIA
2500
**00 MILES   FROM   MONTREAL
PROFILE   CANADIAN   PACIFIC   LINE—CALGARY  TO   SICAMOUS
ey»
PAGE THREE BANFF
Situated in the heart of the Rocky Mountains Park of
Canada, a great national playground covering an area of
over 2,000 square miles.
The park is plentifully supplied with trails radiating in
every direction.
At Banff the Canadian Pacific has erected a first-class
mountain hotel, with dining rooms capable of seating 600
people at a time. This hotel has its own warm sulphur
swimming pool, with fresh water pool adjoining. Expert
masseurs are in attendance at the Turkish Baths attached.
Rates $2.00 per day and up.    European plan.
HOT SULPHUR SPRINGS
(Altitude, 5,550 feet.) Situated on the wooded slopes of
Sulphur Mountain and two and three-quarters miles from
the Bow River Bridge, are highly curative.
THE CAVE AND BASIN
(Altitude, 4,960 feet.) Are distant one mile from the
Bow River Bridge. Here the Canadian Government has
erected a handsome swimming bath.
BOW FALLS
Near the junction of the Spray and Bow rivers and three
minutes' walk from the Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel,
one of the most beautiful spots in Banff, the banks of the
river at the falls being fringed with superb trees and the
precipitous crags of Mount Edith making a perfect background.
TUNNEL MOUNTAIN
(Altitude, 5,510 feet.) Lying between Cascade and
Rundle mountains, on the east side of the Bow Falls, is
distant three miles by pony trail and is an easy walk. The
summit commands a fine view of Rundle Mountain, the
Goat Range, the valleys of the Bow and Spray, Sulphur
Mountain, the  Vermilion   lakes,  and   Lake   Minnewanka.
SULPHUR MOUNTAIN
A long wooded ridge rising to an elevation of 7,455 feet.
A good trail zigzags up to the summit on which is a tiny
observatory. A beautiful bird's-eye view may be had from
this point.
CASCADE MOUNTAIN
(Altitude, 9,796 feet.) A magnificent massif facing the
station is an easy day's climb for the Alpinist.
MOUNT RUNDLE
(Altitude, 9,798 feet.) The precipitous eastern slopes of
which are a striking feature of the landscape, may also be
climbed in a day.
MOUNT EDITH
(Altitude, 9,154 feet.) For the expert Alpinist affords a
splendid rock climb.
ALPINE CLUB HOUSE
(Altitude, 5,350 feet.) On the slope of Sulphur Mountain
is the headquarters of the Alpine Club of Canada.
GOLF AND TENNIS
A nine-hole golf course (shortly to be enlarged to eighteen
holes) situated on the banks of the Bow River and at the
base of Mount Rundle, is open to the guests of all hotels
in Banff at a small fee per game. A professional is in
attendance.
A tennis court is free to the guests of the Banff Springs
Hotel.
FISHING AND BOATING
Trout fishing may be had in the Sawback lakes; the
Spray lakes, Lower Spray Falls and the Bow River also
afford good sport.
Boating on Lake Minnewanka and the Bow River. A
launch may be chartered at the rate of $1.00 per head for
five persons or over. There is excellent fishing in the Vermilion lakes and Lake Minnewanka. A trout of forty-seven
pounds has been taken from the Minnewanka waters.
BUFFALO PARK
Situated along the railway track one and one-half miles
east of the station. Buffalo, elk and moose may be seen
living in their natural state.
MUSEUM
Illustrating the fauna and flora of the park, is situated
near the Bow River Bridge.    Entrance free.
ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS
Free. Adjoin the museum and contain a splendid
collection of animals and birds.
THE LOOP
A beautiful drive around the Bow Valley in full view of
Bow Falls, a distance of about seven miles, skirting the
base of Mount Rundle. An excellent view of the Hoodoos,
curious natural pillars, is obtained on this drive.
THE SPRAY
At a distance of eight miles*—Up the Spray Valley, past
the old lumber camps, and through the virgin forests to the
Spray Canyon.
SUN DANCE CANYON
Distance about three miles*—A pleasant drive following
the Cave and Basin road to the entrance of the canyon.
Above the gorge is the site of a famous Indian camping
ground. A trail runs from the end of Sun Dance Canyon
Road, up Healy Creek, to Simpson Pass.
TUNNEL MOUNTAIN
Distance seven miles*—A spiral drive known as the
Corkscrew, along the side of the mountain at an altitude of
over 5,000 feet, returning down the steep grade on the
other side and through the village.
* From Bow River Bridge.
PAGE FOUR CARRIAGE AND PONY TARIFF AT BANFF
LAKE MINNEWANKA
Distance eight miles*—A drive skirting Cascade Mountain
and following Devil's Head River. The road is continued
by a trail along the north shore, through the Devil's Gap,
and across Ghost River to the Stony Indian Reserve.
Lake Minnewanka and return
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $6.75
Carriage, team and driver; full day, 9 hours; 2 or 3
persons     9.00
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons 8.75
Carriage, team and driver; full day, 9 hours; 4 or 5
persons   15.00
Tally-ho coach, from town; 6 hours; each person 2.00
Tally-ho coach, from Banff Springs Hotel; each person    2.50
To Loop, Cave, and Basin and Sun Dance Canyon and return
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $6.75
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons   8.75
To Tunnel Mountain, Buffalo Park, Cave and Basin and return
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $6.75
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons 8.75
Tally-ho coach; time 4 hours; each person    2.00
To Cave and Basin only
Each way, each person $ .25
Return trip; carriage, team and driver; time 1   hour;
3 or more persons, each 75
Banff to Hot Springs
One way only, each person $1.00
* From Bow River Bridge.
Hot Springs to Banff
One way only, each person       $ .50
Return trip; carriage, team and driver; time 2 hours;
3 or more persons, each   1.25
Saddle Ride to Observatory or Sulphur Mountain
Distance, 12 miles; pony for round trip, 6 hours $3.00
Tunnel Mountain, Pony Ride
General pony rate, viz., for first hour, $1.00; each subsequent hour, 50 cents; $3.00 per day. Guides, 50 cents
per hour; all day, $5.00.
To Mount Edith Pass, Sawback and return
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $6.75
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons   8.75
General Tariff
Single traps, phaeton, etc., without driver, first hour. . .$1.50
Second hour    1.00
Each additional hour     .50
Single rigs, with driver, first hour or part thereof.. .......  2.00
Second hour.. .   .    ,-.  1.50
Each additional hour    1.00
Two-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour  2.25
Each additional hour   1.50
All day—9 hours  9.00
Three-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour  3.75
Second hour  2.50
Each additional hour   1.25
Per day—-9 hours .-. .15.00
Bus between station and C. P. R. Hotel, each way 25
Trunks and heavy baggage, each way     .25
Small hand bags, free.
Livery tariff for Rocky Mountains Park, Department of
Interior, Dominion Parks Branch. GOLF   HOUSE, BANFF
CANOEING   ON   VERMILION   LAKE,  BANFF frrrfMrif^^
ii:}^         .:..:^^^  —:--■-- ^.;
ROYAL  VISITORS  AT   BANFF
LAKE   MINNEWANKA
PAGE   SEVEN LAKE LOUISE
The Pearl of the Canadian Rockies (altitude, 5,645 feet).
"Probably the most perfect bit of scenery in the known
world. A lake of the deepest and most exquisite colouring,
ever changing, defying analysis, mirroring in its wonderful
depths the sombre forests and cliffs that rise from its shores
on either side, the gleaming white glacier and tremendous
snow-crowned peaks that fill the background of the picture,
and the blue sky and fleecy clouds overhead"—Lawrence
J. Burpee, in "Among the Canadian Alps."
On the shores of the lake the Canadian Pacific operates
a magnificent Chateau hotel—open from June to October.
Some there are who are satisfied to sit on the verandah of
the hotel watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of color,
while others are eager to be out on the trail either on foot,
or on the back of a sure-footed pony. These trails are being
constantly improved and extended, so that there is a wide
selection from which to choose. The hotel itself occupies
a very large area and during the past few months the kitchen
facilities have been greatly increased. No more beautiful
spot and no more comfortable hotel could be chosen by
anyone wishing to make either a short or long stay in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Charges, $2.00 per day and upwards. European plan.
The hotel has 375 bedrooms.
LAKE LOUISE PROMENADE
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise to the boat
landing (distance, 1 x/i miles), a delightful walk along a level
trail with splendid views of castle crags, Mount Lefroy and
Mount Victoria.
LAKES IN THE CLOUDS AND BIG BEEHIVE
The trail leaves the west end of the Chateau and rises
gradually to Mirror Lake (altitude, 6,655 feet), thence
upward to Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,875 feet). There are
beautiful views on the way up, and the trail is excellent.
(Round-trip distance is five miles; time, two and one-half
hours.) A charming tea house has recently been established on the shore of Lake Agnes. The trail is now
continued 'round Lake Agnes and up a zigzag path to the
Observation House on the Big Beehive.
LITTLE BEEHIVE AND MOUNT ST. PIRAN
After reaching Lake Agnes by the trail described above,
follow the path behind the Shelter Cabin for a quarter of a
mile. Here the trail forks, and the left branch may be
followed to the summit of Mount St. Piran (altitude,
8,681 feet), or the right branch to the summit of the Little
Beehive. From either summit splendid views of the Bow
Valley are obtained.    Round trip ten miles (time, six hours).
UPPER GLACIER TRAIL
This leaves the trail to the Lakes in the Clouds at Mirror
Lake, and continues along the side of the mountain to Lookout Point, situated about one thousand feet above Lake
Louise. The trail then descends gently to the level of the
Lower Glacier trail and the visitor may continue on towards
the wall of Victoria or return to the Chateau. Distance
from the wall of Victoria to the Chateau, four miles.
SADDLEBACK CABIN
Crossing the bridge over Lake Louise Creek, the trail
rises rapidly on the slopes of Mount Fairview to the Saddleback. From this point Mount Saddleback and Mount
Fairview (altitude, 9,001 feet) are easy of access. Round
trip distance to the cabin is six miles (time, four hours). The
view of Paradise Valley and Mount Temple, from the
Saddleback, is one of the finest in the Rockies. The return
trip may be varied by going by a steep, zigzag trail via Sheol
Valley to the Paradise Valley trail and thence to Lake Louise.
VICTORIA AND LEFROY GLACIER
The path along the shore of Lake Louise may be taken
to the Victoria and Lefroy glaciers, distant four miles.
Parties should not venture out on the ice unless properly
equipped, and, indeed, the services of a guide are recommended to point out the peculiar ice formations. The hanging glaciers of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria are impressive in
their grandeur. The glacier is 200 to 250 feet thick. The
summit of Mount Victoria is five miles in an air line from
the Chateau.
MORAINE LAKE AND VALLEY OF THE TEN PEAKS
The coach may be taken, either forenoon or afternoon,
to Moraine Lake (distance, nine miles), situated in the deeply
impressive Valley of the Ten Peaks. From the road one
sees an interesting rock formation known as the Tower of
Babel. For the past few summers a small permanent tea
house and camp for anglers has been maintained on the
shores of Moraine Lake, by English ladies.
PARADISE VALLEY
Ponies may be taken up Paradise Valley, via either the
Saddleback and Sheol Valley, or via the low trail. The
journey is continued up the valley to a short branch trail
leading to the Giant's Steps, a step-like rock formation over
which the water glides in silver sheets. The journey may
then be continued across the valley to Lake Annette (altitude,
6,500 feet), a tiny emerald sheet of water on the side of
Mount Temple, and thence back to Lake Louise. Distance,
thirteen miles; and the journey, eight hours.
PARADISE VALLEY
Via, either high or low route, thence to the Giant's Steps
and across the valley to Sentinel Pass (altitude, 8,556 feet).
The descent is then made through Lodge Valley, past the
Minnestimma Lakes, to the Valley of the Ten Peaks.
Return to the Chateau by the carriage road.
CONSOLATION LAKE
Leaving the Chateau in the morning by coach, Moraine
Lake is reached at 10:00 a.m. From here the journey may
be continued to Consolation Lake, distant one and three-
quarter miles. The waters of the lake contain a plentiful
supply of cutthroat trout, a vigorous fish which takes the
fly in July and August. The fisheries in these regions are
re-stocked from the hatchery at Banff.
PAGE   EIGHT LAKE O'HARA
was considered so beautiful by the great artist, John S.
Sargent, that he spent ten days painting there last summer.
By sending ponies ahead from Lake Louise to Hector and
taking train to that station, the trip to this lake may be
made in a day. But so beautiful is this Alpine region that
two days are little enough. There are several excellent
camping grounds, and arrangements for camping outfit and
guides can be made at the Chateau.
SWISS GUIDES
are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for those who wish
to visit the glaciers, climb mountains, or make some of the
more strenuous trips through the passes. As they are greatly
in demand, it is advisable to make arrangements well in
advance.    Rates, $5.00 per day.
CARRIAGE AND PONY TARIFF AT LAKE LOUISE
Carriage drive to Moraine Lake, half day $2.50
Between Lake Louise Station and Lake Louise 50
Saddle Trips
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes, 3 hours.  $1,50
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes, to Glacier and return
to Chateau  2.50
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes and top of Mount
St. Piran, 6 hours .-.. 3.00
Pony to Victoria Glacier, 4 hours   2.00
Pony to Saddleback, 5 hours     ,  2.50
Pony to Saddleback, Sheol Valley and Lower Paradise
Valley, returning by trail or carriage road, 1 day..... 3.00
Pony to Saddleback, Sheol Valley, Paradise Valley,
Giant Steps Falls, Horseshoe Glacier and Lake
Annette, returning by trail or carriage road, 2 days$6.00
Pony to Saddleback, Sheol Valley, Paradise Valley,
Giant Steps Falls, Lake Annette, Horseshoe Glacier,
Sentinel Pass (8,650 feet), Larch Valley, Moraine
Lake, returning by trail or carriage road, 3 days.. 9.00
Pony to Moraine Lake, Valley of the Ten Peaks,
Wenkchemna Pass and Lake, 2 days  6.00
Pony to Moraine Lake, 1 day 3.00
Pony to O'Hara Lake and return, from Hector; time,
1 day  3.00
Pony to Ptarmigan Lake, time, 1 day  3.00
Guides furnished at $5.00 per day, with pony.
Pack horses, $2.50 per day.
General Tariff
Two-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour. $2.25
Each additional hour   1.50
All day—9 hours  9.00
Three-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour  3.75
Second hour ,  :  2.50
Each additional hour   1.25
Per day—9 hours    ..15.00
Car line between station and C. P. R. Hotel, each way    .25
Trunks and heavy baggage, each way 25
Small hand bags, free.
Livery tariff for Rocky Mountain Park, Department of
Interior, Dominion Parks Branch.
NOTE—One   day  consists   of   9   hours,   and   not   more   than   20   miles,   unless
otherwise  provided. MIR*0*
TALLY-HO  TO  VALLEY  OF TEN   PEAKS CHATEAU,   LAKE   LOUISE   AND   BOW   VALLEY PAGE ELEVEN >
AR£
N£C£s
sARy
^^^^h„c   RESIDE
ALPINE
CLIMBING
IN   THE
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
ROCKIES
An active Alpine Club with over 500 members and headquarters at Banff, holds a camp each year in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies and welcomes those who have the ambition
to climb a peak at least 10,000 feet high. There is plenty
of choice, for according to a list recently completed from
Government measurements, there are 147 peaks over 10,000
feet, of which 46 are over 11,000 feet. The Canadian Pacific
Railway has a number of experienced Swiss guides attached
to its mountain hotels. These guides were originally imported from Europe, but now have a picturesque little
colony at Edelweiss, near Golden, B. C.
PAGE TWELVE
Following is the list of known peaks above 11,000 feet:
Mount Assiniboine... 11,800
Alberta 12,500
Alexandria 11,650
Athabasca.... 11,300
Brazeau. 11,000
Bryce 11,000
Bruce 11,000
Cline 11,000
Columbia 12,500
Coleman 11,000
Douglas N.
Tower 11,015
Mount Goodsir S.
Tower 11,676
Geikie ... .11,000
Hector. 11,125
Huber 11,041
Hungabee. . . .11.447
Hasler Peak ..11,113
Jumbo 11,217
Kitichi 11,000
Lefroy 11,220
Lyell 11,500
Murchison 11,300
Robson 13,068 0F CANADA
Mount Douglas S.
Mount Resplendent .
.11,173
Tower	
. 11,220
'     Selwyn	
.11,013
"      Deltaform...
.11,225
'      Sir Sandford.
. 11,590
"      Diadem Peak
.11,600
'     Stutfield Peak
11,400
"      Douglas Peak
.11,700
'     Saskatchewan
.11,000
"      Delphine....
.11,076
'     Temple	
.11,626
'"'.     Freshfield	
.11,000
'     The Twins...
.11,800
"      Forbes	
.12,000
'     The Dome...
.11,600
"     Farnham
'     Victoria.	
.11,355
Tower	
.11,000
'      Whitehorn...
.11,101
"      Farnham . . . .
.11,342
1      Wilson	
.11,000
"     Goodsir N.
Wool ley Peak
.11,700
Tower	
.11,555
'     Wilcox Peak.
.11,000
President A. O. Wheeler of the Alpine Club of Canada,
writes:—"Apart from the wonderful and unexplained exhilaration that comes from climbing on snow and ice, and
the overwhelming desire to see what lies beyond, your
true Alpine enthusiast glories in the wide-spreading spectacular panorama that is seen from a mountain top, when
all in view is spread before him as on a living map. It is
in places such as these, where the prescience of an Almighty
Power is ever present, and which can only be attained
through hard bodily exertion, that he loves for a brief space
to enjoy the wonders that are spread at his feet."
PAGE THIRTEEN FIELD
Nestling at the foot of glorious mountains, the Canadian
Pacific Chalet, Mount Stephen House, has rooms for 100
guests. Field is the stopping-off station for those who wish
to visit the Yoho Valley, with its great glacier and its famous
waterfalls—the Twin Falls and the Takakkaw Falls. Rates,
$4.00 per day and up, American plan.
EMERALD LAKE
Seven miles from Field, is reached by an excellent carriage
road. This beautiful lake lies placid under the protection of
Mount Wapta, Mount Burgess, and Mount President, and is
well stocked with fish. A picturesque chalet hotel has been
erected on the shores of the lake. Here the tourist may
break his journey while en route to the Yoho Valley. The
return trip may be made via the Burgess Pass.
NATURAL BRIDGE
Is reached by a short diversion from the main Emerald
Lake road.
OTTERTAIL ROAD
A delightful drive along the old grade, the round-trip
distance being sixteen miles to the Ottertail Valley up which
a magnificent view of the triple-headed Mount Goodsir may
be had.
YOHO ROAD
This is one of the finest long drives (round-trip distance,
twenty-two miles) to be had in the Rockies. The road
crosses the Kicking Horse River and following up the stream,
until the Yoho Valley is reached, swings round the shoulder
of Mount Field, then up the valley until some precipitous cliffs
are reached, up which the road zigzags to a higher level.
The road ends a short distance past the Takakkaw Falls, a
splendid cascade falling over twelve hundred feet. A camp
has been established near this point and the tourist may
make this a base for exploring the upper reaches of the
Yoho Valley.
FOSSIL BEDS
The famous Mount Stephen fossil beds are reached by a
pony trail which rises to an elevation of 6,000 feet above the
sea level.   The fossil beds are over 2,000 feet in thickness.
BURGESS PASS
Yoho Pass, Emerald Lake and return by carriage road,
a splendid round trip, covering eighteen miles. The pony
trail rises up the wooded slopes of Mount Burgess to the Pass
(altitude, 7,150 feet), from which a magnificent panoramic
view of the surrounding mountain ranges may be had. Continuing along the slopes of Mount Wapta the trail is almost
level until the Yoho Pass (altitude, 6,000 feet) is reached.
From the pass the trail zigzags down, until the gravel flats
at the head of the lake are reached.
YOHO VALLEY
Interesting two and three day trips may be arranged, the
tourist breaking his journey by staying at Emerald Lake
Chalet, and at the permanent summer camp in the Yoho
Valley. Among the many attractions are the Twin and
Laughing Falls, the Yoho and President glaciers and the
peak of the Waputik Range.
At the camp a first-class cook is in attendance. Everything is dry and clean. The beds are made of pine boughs,
Hudson Bay blankets, linen or flannelette sheets and pillow
slips and the sleeping tents are heated with camp stoves.
A large camp fire in the open is lighted every evening and
kept going well into the night. An Indian tepee is provided,
where the guests can sit around a small open fire, in case it
is too cold or damp to sit around the large camp fire which is
also kept going to light the camp.
Campers should provide themselves with a warm set of
underclothing and either heavy shoes or overshoes, a sweater
and overcoat, soft felt hat and gloves, also a pair of slippers
for use around the camp. Communications should be
addressed to manager, Mount Stephen House, Field, B. C.
YOHO GLACIER
The Yoho Glacier is one of the most interesting in the
Canadian Rockies and is highly picturesque. It illustrates
the interesting scientific fact that the stream at the centre of
a glacier moves much faster than the side or bottom, while
on a curve the outside edge has a more rapid rate of flow
than the inside.
This glacier usually ends in a very beautiful ice arch,
from which the stream gushes with great violence. The
frequent falling of masses of ice from the ceiling of the
arch makes caution necessary in approaching too closely.
Beginning with July, 1906, the Alpine Club of Canada has
conducted a series of observations on this glacier with the
object of measuring its rate of flow.
DENNIS AND DUCHESNAY PASSES
A very fine one-day climbing trip, commencing at Mount
Stephen House, and traversing the gap (Dennis Pass) between Mount Stephen and Mount Dennis, and from there to
Duchesnay Pass. The descent is made to a beautiful valley
under the shadow of the precipitous crags of Mount
Odaray, the valley being followed until the Lake O'Hara
trail is reached. The climber should not fail to pay a visit
to the lake, one of the most beautiful in the Rocky Mountains. The return to the railway (distant eight miles)
from Lake O'Hara, is made by way of an excellent trail to
Hector Station. From here, Field may be reached by train
or, better still, by walking down the old grade until the
Yoho Road connection is reached.
Particulars of other interesting trips, such as that over
Cathedral Pass, may be had on application to the hotel
manager.
PAGE FOURTEEN CARRIAGE AND PONY TARIFF AT FIELD
To Emerald Lake via Direct
Route, 20-minute stop at
Emerald Lake	
To Emerald Lake via Natural
Bridge	
All Day	
To Emerald Lake, one way,
via direct Route	
To Emerald Lake, one way,
via Natural Bridge	
To Emerald Lake, one way,
tally-ho coach, via Natural
Bridge	
Hrs.
Persons
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
Rate
$6.00
6.75
9.00
3.00
3.75
2.00
Persons
4 or 5
4 or 5
4 or 5
4 or 5
4 or 5
each
Rate
$7.50
8.75
15.00
5.00
6.25
Hrs.
Persons
Rate
Persons
Rate
To Ottertail Bridge and return
To Takakkaw Falls	
3
9
2 or 3
2 or 3
each
$5.25
9.00
4 or 5
4 or 5
$7.50
15.00
To Takakkaw Falls, tally-ho
coach	
2.50
each
To Natural Bridge and return
First hour	
Second hour	
Subsequent hours	
Field to Fossil Beds and	
return..	
Field to Emerald  Lake,
Burgess Pass	
via
Hrs.
Persons
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
Saddle
ride
Saddle
ride
Rate
$2.25
1.50
.75
Persons
4 or 5
4 or 5
4 or 5
Rate
$3.75
2.50
1.25
2.00
3.00
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and Emerald  Lake-
two days' saddle ride $6.00
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and  return via Twin
Falls—one day's saddle ride          . 3.00
Field to Lake McArthur—three days' saddle ride... 9.00
Field to Twin Falls, via Burgess Pass-
two days' saddle ride      6.00
Field to Sherbrooke Lake—one day's saddle ride  3.00
Hector to Lake O'Hara  3.00
Ponies, going light, Field to Hector and return, each 1.50
Emerald Lake to Lookout Point  3.00
General drives, same as at Banff.
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PAGE FIFTEEN %
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PAGE  SIXTEEN
YOHO  GLACIER, FIELD, B.C.
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FORDING A  STREAM
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PAGE  SEVENTEEN
EMERALD   LAKE   CHALET  AND   MOUNT   BURGESS
TWIN   FALLS,  YOHO   VALLEY GLACIER
In the heart of the Selkirks, an admirable centre for
Alpine climbing. There are two very fine glaciers within
easy reach of the hotel—indeed one, the Illecillewaet
Glacier, may be said to be in the yard of the Canadian Pacific
Hotel. Glacier Park covers 468 square miles and is a
Paradise for those in search of Alpine flowers—over 500
varieties blooming every summer. Glacier House, the
Canadian Pacific Hotel, is open June 1st to October 15th
(rates $4.00 per day, with special terms for long visits).
Sir Donald (10,808 feet) rises a naked and abrupt pyramid,
to a height of a mile and a quarter above the railway. This
stately monolith was named after the late Sir Donald Smith
(Lord Strathcona), one of the promoters of the Canadian
Pacific Railway. Farther to the left are sharp peaks—Uto,
Eagle, Avalanche and Macdonald—second only to Sir Donald.
Rogers Pass and the snowy Hermit Range, the most prominent peaks of which are called the Swiss Peaks, are in full
view. Again to the left, at the west end of the Hermit Range
on the south side of Bear Creek, comes Cheops, so named
after the Great Pryamid, the tomb of the Pharaoh Shufu
(Cheops) who lived about 3,700 B. C, and in the foreground
and far down among the trees, the Illecillewaet glistens
across the valley.
GREAT ILLECILLEWAET GLACIER
Less than two miles from the hotel and tumbling from an
altitude of 9,000 feet on the sky line, to 4,800 feet at the
forefoot. This glacier covers ten square miles and is easily
reached in one hour by way of an excellent trail. The
return trip may be taken along the alternative trail on the
east bank of the Illecillewaet River.
GLACIER CREST
A path branches from the Asulkan trail, a short distance
from the first bridge and climbs, corkscrew fashion, to
Glacier Crest (altitude, 7,419 feet), commanding the Illecillewaet Glacier, with its crevasses, seracs, and moraines.
CASCADE SUMMERHOUSE
Starting from the Swiss guides' Chalet, a path leads up the
lower slopes of Mount Avalanche to the Cascade Summer-
house, perched at an altitude of 5,252 feet.
From this point the cascade tumbles in a series of leaps
to a distance of 1,200 feet. Still higher up one may go to
Avalanche Crest (altitude, 7,855 feet). A magnificent view
of the Bonney Ridge and glacier may be had from this point.
ROGERS PASS
The summit of the Selkirk Range as formerly crossed by
the railway (altitude, 4,351 feet), is reached by a pony trail.
Here the stupendous precipices of Mount Tupper (altitude,
9,229 feet) may be seen to advantage. The trail to the
Rogers amphitheater may be taken from this point, and the
cabin there used as a base for exploring and climbing.
BEAR   CREEK
This beautiful little valley is directly opposite Rogers
Pass Summit and ends in the Baloo Pass, distance, three
miles. Beautiful waterfalls deck the sides of the valley,
the upper reaches of which are carpeted with flowers. The
journey may be continued over the Baloo/Pass to the Nakimu
Caves, the Cougar Valley trail and road to the hotel, which
is distant five and one-half miles from the Baloo Pass.
ASULKAN VALLEY AND GLACIER
(Altitude, 4,100 to 6,600 feet.) The trail branches off
the main great glacier trail one-quarter of a mile from the
hotel, and crossing the Asulkan Brook, climbs up the east
side of the valley to the forefoot of the Asulkan Glacier,
distant four miles from the hotel. This is one of the most
beautiful valleys in the Selkirks.
MARION   LAKE,  OBSERVATION   POINT AND
THE ABBOT ALP
The trail leaves the rear of the hotel (altitude, 4,093 feet)
and climbs gradually up the slopes of Mount Abbot to Marion
Lake (altitude, 5,666 feet). The lake can be reached in
less than an hour and a half. In the early morning a beautiful
reflection of the Hermit Range is to be seen on the surface
of the lake. At Marion Lake the trail forks, the right trail
going to Observation Point (altitude, 5,750 feet), distant
about one hundred yards away, from which a splendid
panorama of Rogers Pass is to be had. The trail branching
to the left leads to the Abbot Alp, a beautiful grassy upland.
From here a splendid view of the Dawson Range can be had.
NAKIMU  CAVES
With beautiful interior marble markings, situated on the
lower slopes of Mount Cheops, in the yougar Valley, arc
reached by an excellent carriage road and pony trail, the
distance from Glacier House being five miles. G. H.
Deutchman, the discoverer, is official guioe. Parties may
arrange to take lunch and have same at the\abin, situated
at the caves. Energetic walkers will find it worth while to
continue on the trail over the Baloo Pass, returning to the
hotel by Rogers Pass.
ASULKAN  VALLEY AND  GLACIER TO ASULKAN  PASS
The Asulkan Pass (altitude, 7,710 feet) may be reached
by an easy one-day trip across the glacier. The view of
the Dawson Range from the Pass is beautiful.
A DAY ON THE GREAT GLACIER
The formation of crevasses, seracs, moulins, etc., may
best be studied by spending a day with a Swiss guide on the
great glacier. Perley Rock may also be visited and the great
crags of Mount Sir Donald viewed from this vantage point.
PAGE EIGHTEEN ASULKAN PASS
And return, via Swanzy Qlacier and Lily Pass (altitude
8,228 feet), a long but splendid trip, traversing many glaciers.
The route may be reversed by making the trip via the
summit of Mount Abbot and rear slope of the Rampart.
UTO AND EAGLE PASSES
A circuit of Eagle Peak, making the trip via the Pass
between Uto Peak and Mount Sir Donald, and the return
by the Pass between Eagle Peak and Mount Avalanche. Imposing views of the northwest ridge of Mount Sir Donald
and of the whole Beaver Valley.
MOUNTS ABBOT AND AFTON
(Altitudes, 8,081 and 8,425 feet.) A delightful one-day
climb, with splendid views of the Mount Bonney Region.
MOUNT AVALANCHE
(Altitude, 9,381 feet) The cascade Summerhouse trail
is followed until Avalanche Crest is reached. From that
point easy rocks lead to the summit.
CASTOR AND POLLUX
(Altitudes, 9,108 and 9,176 feet.) The twin peaks may be
climbed via Asulkan Valley and Glacier. They present no
difficulty to a well-equipped party.
MOUNT GRIZZLY
The trail may be taken to Rogers Pass Summit and from
there a short walk via Bear Creek Valley leads to the actual
climb. From the summit the view northward reveals the
monarch of the Selkirks, Mount Sir Sanford (altitude, 11,590
feet); while to the northeast may be seen the gigantic
escarpment of the Rocky Mountains.
Note:—Swiss Guides are stationed at the Hotel and are available for the service of tourists for the fee of $5.00 per day. The
guides provide rope, ice axes, etc., and visitors intending to
climb should be equipped with stout boots, well nailed.
GLACIER PONY TARIFF
Great Glacier and return; time, 2 hours $1.50
Asulkan Glacier and return; time, 4 hours    ...  2.50
Marion Lake and return; time, 3 hours...   .   2.00
Overlook on Mount Abbot; time, 6 hours..      3.00
Summer House; time, 3 hours.  2.50
To Caves of Nakimu, 6 hours  3.00
Divided skirts or rain coats, rented at, per day 50
Ponies, per day    . 3.00
Guide with pony, all day.   4.00
Many other interesting trips can be arranged from Glacier
House. Livery Tariff, Department of the Interior, Dominion
Parks Branch.
PAGE NINETEEN PAGE  TWENTY
ENTRANCE   TO   ICE  CAVE  ON   GLACIER DEUTCHMAN'S   CABIN   AT   THE   NAKIMU   CAVES
PAGE  TWENTY-ONE PWiUl^^
PACK TRAIN
(Photo Byron Harmon)
MOUNTAIN  GOAT
SPORT IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
While hunting is forbidden within the National parks in
the Canadian Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent sport to
be had outside the Park limits, and the Canadian Pacific
Railway hotels are good outfitting points for some of the
best hunting grounds. British Columbia is the last home
of the grizzly, that monarch of the bear family. He is to
be found in the East Kootenay and at Lillooet, and in some
parts of Okanagan, the best time to hunt being May.
The Rocky Mountain goat, whose uncanny beard gives
him almost a human appearance, has his home among the
peaks of the Canadian Pacific Rockies. He is a brave and
fearless fighter, and is more than a match for any dog that
PAGE TWENTY-TWO
dares to attack him. His sharp and needle-like horns are
strong, pointed hoofs are excellent weapons of defense
against his enemies. He is the most daring of all mountain-
climbers, fearless, sure-footed, and delights in scaling great
heights and taking perilous leaps across chasms. His coat
is white, soft and fluffy, and the color has the effect of magnifying his size, which is usually about thirty-five to forty
inches at the shoulder. When full grown he weighs from
200 to 250 pounds. He has practically no enemies save
men and eagles. When danger threatens he climbs up
or down the steepest precipice he can find, and there is
no wild creature without wings that can follow him.
The Bighorn, or Rocky  Mountain sheep, is to-day con- A MOUNTAIN  GUIDE
THE END OF A MOUNTAIN  GOAT
(Photo Byron Harmon)
sidered the most valued prize obtainable by the sportsman.
Its home is among the fastnesses of the Canadian Pacific
Rockies. This animal is of a suspicious nature, but is surefooted and self-reliant in its mountain home, and will
escape over rocks which the hunter finds impossible to traverse. Its flesh is pronounced by epicures to be the most
delicious of the world's game, and its massive, wide-spreading
horns make a beautiful ornament. Of all Canadian game the
Bighorn is most wary and difficult to bag. Its vigilance
is admirable, and once it has regained the higher ground,
after feeding during the early morning, only the combination
of luck and skill will secure a successful shot.
The best country for hunting the common Bighorn is that
portion of the Lillooet District, roughly described as being
north and south of the bridge at Chilcoten River and east
and west of the Fraser River, at Chilco Lake. The town of
Lillooet is reached by stage from Lytton, Clinton or Ashcroft.
Guides can be picked up at Lillooet and Hanceville.
Michel, in the south, and Golden, on the main line, are
good points from which to reach the Kootenay sheep country,
which is probably the most accessible of any, though the
country is rough and somewhat difficult.
There is good goat hunting in the higher ranges of the
creeks which descend from the Selkirks into the upper
Columbia Valley. These are reached from the new Kootenay
Central branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
PAGE  TWENTY-THREE SOUTHERN BRITISH COLUMBIA
While the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway passes through that part of the Rockies
best known to the traveler, there are areas of
lake, mountain, and river to the south which
are equally beautiful and which have their
own distinctive character. These areas are
readily accessible, for the valleys which run
southward are also served by. branch lines of
the railway linking up the main line with the
Crow's Nest Route farther south.
LAKE WINDERMERE AND COLUMBIA
VALLEY
Automobiles are available for hire, and
many interesting trips can be made over good
roads such as that to the Fairmont Hot Springs;
to Sinclair Hot Springs, with a short run over
the Banff-Windermere Road, through Sinclair
Canyon, and to Toby Creek Canyon, with its
effervescent soda springs. Fine glaciers may
be visited at the head of Toby Creek and
Horse Thief Creek.
PAGE   TWENTY FOUR BOUTES to THE SOUTHERN SECT10
along their banks, where the forest at the lower edge of the
mountains has been cleared for a small farm or orchards.
At Halcyon Hot Springs there is a popular hotel which has
been visited by H. R. H. the Duke of Connought. The
steamer connects with the train again at West Robson, where
the traveler may proceed either east to Nelson and Balfour,
or west to the rich, busy mining districts of Trail, Rossland,
and the Boundary Country.
OKANAGAN VALLEY
Sicamous is much favored by those who wish to see the
Canadian Pacific Rockies all the way by daylight, for this is
halfway between Calgary and Vancouver and has a comfortable Canadian Pacific hotel. It lies on the shores of a
beautiful lake, with excellent facilities for boating, bathing,
and fishing, and is the junction for an important branch
line serving the well settled fruit-growing districts of the
Okanagan Valley. The orchards at Vernon, Kelowna,
Summerland, and Penticton are particularly well known,
extending over many thousand acres and producing apples
which find a ready market all over the world. At Okanagan
Landing the train hands its passengers over to a Canadian
Pacific steamer, which spends the rest of the day calling at
pretty little fruit-growing settlements till the terminal is
reached at Penticton, where the Kettle Valley Railway has
a first-class hotel. Naramata is another popular summer
resort further up the lake, with good hotel accommodation.
KETTLE VALLEY ROUTE
The completion of the Kettle Valley Railway, a subsidiary
of the Canadian Pacific, opens a new territory in British
Columbia, and gives another connection between the prairies
and the mining districts of Southern British Columbia and
the Pacific Coast.
Petain is the point of connection with the main line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, the first important station being
Hope, which is just across the river from the Canadian
Pacific Station called Haig. There is good trout fishing
and shooting in the vicinity of the next station, Wells. Jessica is the third station within about two miles or so of Ladner
Creek, and in a district of great natural beauty. At Portia
the railway reaches an elevation of about 2,000 feet above
sea level. The country has a very rocky, mountainous aspect
at the next station, which is called lago, to keep up the Shakes-
perean tradition. Near Romeo there is a charming view
looking up towards a bald, rocky mountain from Slide Creek
bridge. Coquihalla Summit is opposite two delightful lakes.
From this point the track falls both ways, the average gradient going west being about 2.2 per cent, whilst that going
east is much lighter, about 1 per cent. The elevation of
Coquihalla Summit is about 3,300 feet above sea level. The
lakes are full of trout and are most interesting from a geological point of view on account of the many crater holes in the
formation, caused, it is supposed, from gaseous emanations
in ages past. Juliet, the next siding, is eternally separated
from Romeo by the summit. At Slide Creek there are some
picture rocks, rude representations of a horse, supposed to
have been painted by the Indians at some remote date.
Penticton, at the lower end of Okanagan Lake, is half-way
house to Nelson, and as such has an excellent hotel—the
Incola. The balmy, equable climate of the lower Okanagan
Valley, the excellent motoring, the delightful bathing, the
opportunities for motor boating, sailing, fishing, and, at the
proper seasons, for hunting, combine to make this an ideal
holiday resort. Penticton is in the centre of one of the most
fertile orchard districts in British Columbia, and as such has
a well settled community, the members of which are always
ready to share in any social activites. Penticton is also the
southern terminus of the Canadian Pacific steamers plying
on the Okanagan Lake, the northern terminus being Okanagan
Landing, which has excellent train service through Vernon to
Sicamous on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Penticton the railway climbs up through the benches
to a height which commands a magnificent view of Okanagan
Lake, then descends through forest-clad ranges by romantic
canyons till the farms and settlement of the lower Kettle
Valley are reached. After the junction is made with the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Midway, the train passes by
lake and mountain, till the beautiful defile of the Columbia
River is reached. Out of the windows of the train one looks
down upon the sapphire waters of that noble stream, flanked
by tall trees and overtowering  heights.
A wonderful series of tunnels cut out of the solid rock
overlooking the deep canyon of the Coquihalla River, provides
a structural entrance to a route of exceptional beauty.
IBMttMtMtt^^
EVA  LAKE,  REVELSTOKE  NATIONAL PARK
PAGE  TWENTY-FIVE THE  SHORES
OF THE  OKANAGAN
LAKE,  NEAR   PENTICTON
B. C, SEEN   FROM   THE   KETTLE
VALLEY   RAILWAY
PAGE TWENTY-SIX
TROUT  CREEK   BRIDGE,   NEAR  SUMMERLAND, B. C ,^Mc^
^?^M
BEAR   CREEK   CANYON, OKANAGAN   VALLEY
PAGE   TWENTY-SEVEN WHAT TO  DO AT VANCOUVER
Vancouver is unique in its situation, being as it is, the
largest Pacific Coast city in Canada, and having so maniv
facilities for out door recreation. It is the main rendezvous
for sportsmen, motorists, and all lovers of open air sports.
Below are shortly enumerated the various outdoor pastimes
which can be indulged in by visitors to the Canadian Pacific
Hotel. The roads around the city are famous for their excellence, and there are many fine drives, varying from an hour
to a day in length of time:
MOTORING
(1) Stanley Park, about 13^ hours' drive. This is a natural park, encircled by a perfect road, which passes through
the celebrated big trees—giving a view of Siwash Rock and the
Lions, made famous by the writings of the late Pauline Johnson, the Indian Princess Poetess.
(2) Marine Drive, 21/i hours' drive. A beautifully constructed road, taking the visitor through the best residential
parts of the city, including Shaughnessy Heights, and Point
Grey, thence on to the mouth of the celebrated Fraser
River—with its fleets of salmon trawlers—and back along
the beautiful coast scenery.
(3) Capilano Canyon, 4 hours. A recently completed
road, showing the Suspension Bridge, the Lions and the source
of Vancouver's water supply. The Pacific Highway, including
Kingsway, runs through the city, connecting up with the
main American  roads of the Northwest.
GOLF
Vancouver has three good courses, and guests of the
Hotel Vancouver have special privileges at the Shaughnessy
Heights Golf Club.
(1) Shaughnessy Heights Golf Club. This is an eighteen-
hole course within fifteen minutes' drive from the Hotel, and
recognized as one of the best links on the Pacific Coast. The
Pacific Northwest championships were held here last year,
the excellence of the greens and fairways being greatly praised
by all competitors.
(2) Jericho Golf and Country Club. A nine-hole course,
running along the sea-shore, good greens and fairways.
There are four tennis courts and five bowling greens, and
splendid bathing in connection with the Club.
(3) Coquitlam Golf Club, an eighteen-hole course, some 45
minutes from the Hotel. This course is beautifully situated
and bids fair to be one of the best in the country
TENNIS
There are six good tennis clubs, all have grass courts.
Members of any recognized tennis clubs can always have the
privilege of membership of the Vancouver Tennis Club,
which has eight courts and a beautiful club house. The
Mainland & B. C. championship are played here and attract
a great deal of attention  and enthusiasm.
BOATING
Burrard Inlet, English Bay, and the North Arm, are excellent places for this pastime. Vancouver boasts of one of the
finest yacht clubs on the Pacific Coast, and this extends a
hearty welcome to members of recognized yacht clubs.
The North Arm is an ideal place for picnics and moonlight
excursions, and there are many opportunities arranged for
the visitors to indulge in these recreations.
STEAMER TRIPS
Sailing of any kind along the Pacific Coast is one of the
chief pleasures of the residents and is therefore popular
with visitors. The trip from Vancouver across the Straits
of Georgia to Nanaimo is particularly fine. Call is made
at Comox and other points. An excellent circle tour may be
made by taking steamer to Victoria, and E. & N. train to
Nanaimo, thence Nanaimo back to Vancouver by steamer.
SHOOTING
Within easy reach of Vancouver there is wonderful shooting
to be had. Grouse, duck, teal mallard, snipe, pheasants,
partridges are plentiful  in season.
Lulu Island, Sea Island, the North Shore, Seymour Flats,
are all within an hour of the Hotel.
FISHING
Space will not permit to give full details of the fishing
to be had near Vancouver, but it is extremely doubtful whether
there is another city on the Coast where such a variety could
be obtained. In season, salmon, spring, cohoe and tyee,
steelheads, Dolly Varden, rainbow, cuthroat and sea
trout are plentiful. Arrangements have been made by the
Hotel, with the Vancouver Fishing Association, to obtain daily
reports as to the runs, and the services of an experienced
fisherman can be obtained by guests of the Hotel to conduct them to the various fishing centres. The B. C. Electric
Railway has published a pamphlet, giving all particulars with
regard to the fishing on their lines, and this can be obtained
on application to the Manager of the Hotel. Fishing tackle,
bait, and flies, are easily obtainable in the city. Flies in most
use are Hardy's Favourite, Palmers, Royal Coachman,
King of the Waters, Professor, Zulu, Montreal, for trout.
Silver Doctor, Jock Scott, any standard Sea Trout Fly, are good
for the sea trout. Siwah, Tocoma, Victoria, Stewart, Spoons
are all good.    Devon Minnows, gilt or silver, are also good.
PAGE  TWENTY-EIGHT S. S.  NIAGARA AND  EMPRESS OF ASIA, VANCOUVER HARBOR
CAPILANO CANYON
PAGE  TWENTY-NINE ***&*.
TO DtWfflCT
^
VICTORIA, B. C.
The Garden City of Canada, and a favourite resort both
summer and winter, owing to its delightfully mild climate.
Situated on Vancouver Island overlooking the Straits of Juan
de Fuca, the outlook across the blue waters to the snowcapped Olympic Mountains on the mainland is remarkable.
It is the capital city of British Columbia and, owing to the
characteristic beauty of its residential district, it has often
been called, "A bit of England on the shores of the Pacific".
Although largely a resort and residence city, it does a flourishing business, being the centre for the lumbering, fishing,
and whaling industries of Vancouver Island. The motor
roads are excellent, the drive north to Campbell River being
one of the most spectacular in the world. Golf can be
enjoyed every day of the year on excellent courses. The
fishing and shooting is of the best—trout, salmon, pheasant,
grouse, cougar, bear, deer and moose being the prize of
the sportsman. The Empress Hotel, most westerly of the
Canadian Pacific chain, overlooks the beautiful harbor.
Rates $2.00 per day and upward.    European plan.
BEACON  HILL PARK
One of city's public parks, contains 300 acres, laid out
as recreation grounds and pleasure gardens. Artificial
lakes and rustic bridges make the park very picturesque.
Magnificent view from Beacon Hill across Straits, of Olympic
Mountains, fifteen minutes' walk from Hotel. Park is
included in tally-ho trip and in all sight-seeing trips in
the city.
PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS
Seat of the British Columbian Provincial Government.
A handsome structure, overlooking the harbor, which cost
in the neighborhood of $2,500,000. Cars to Beacon Hill
pass every few minutes.
PROVINCIAL  MUSEUM
Very complete and interesting. Contains a large assortment of specimens of natural history, native woods, Indian
curios, and pre-historic instruments. There are three other
museums, namely, Agriculture, Horticulture and Mining.
The museums are open to visitors from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00
p.m. daily, and 2:00 to 4 p.m. on Sunday.
PROVINCIAL LIBRARY
In the Provincial Buildings, and one of the finest in existence. Its historical prints, documents, and other works,
which are in charge of E. O. Scholefield, are of such value
and interest as to occupy people for days at a time.
GOLF
Two 18-hole courses which are very convenient are open
to visitors. They are well kept and of fine location. Application for a day's play should be made to Hotel Manager.
The Oak Bay Links are reached in 20 minutes by street car,
and the Col wood Bay Links are reached by E. & N. train
or automobile. Green fees for either club $1.00 week days;
$2.00 Saturday and Sunday.
BRENTWOOD
A charming resort, 15 miles from city, reached by street
car or automobile.   Situated on Saanich Inlet.   There is a
modern country hotel, beautifully finished in Old English
style and excellent facilities for boating, bathing, tennis,
billiards, pool and other recreations.
ESQUIMALT
For many years Great Britain's only naval station on the
Pacific Coast. The Dock Yard has been handed over to
the Canadian Government, and is now the base on the Pacific
Coast for the Canadian and Imperial navies. A branch of
the famous Yarrows Limited, of England, is situated here
and is a repair centre for many ships. Four miles from
Victoria, reached by street car or road.
SAANICH MOUNTAIN OBSERVATORY
Reached by splendid auto road or interurban car.
Selected as observatory site owing to Vancouver Island's
equable climate. The new telescope, which has a 72-inch
reflector, has just been installed and is the largest in the
world. The observatory, in addition to being of interest
itself, commands from its site one of the finest views on the
Pacific Coast.
STRATHCONA PARK
A new National Park of 785 square miles. Reached over
the Island Highway. The lakes and streams abound with
trout and salmon, and the motoring is excellent.
STADACONA PARK
City park covering five acres. Open air "pierrot" entertainments are held afternoon and evenings in summer,
except Sundays.
FISHING
Trout—Prospect Lake, reached by interurban or automobile; Shawinigan Lake, E. & N. train or auto.; Cowichan
Lake or River, Koksilah River, Cameron Lake, Great Central
Lake or Campbell River, Strathcona Park, reached by E. & N.
or automobile. There is salmon fly-fishing also on Cowichan
River and Campbell River, and salmon trolling off Dallas
Road and Beacon Hill, Oak Bay and Saanich Inlet (Brentwood).
SHOOTING
There is excellent bird shooting and big game hunting on
the island. Sportsmen should communicate with Vancouver
Island Development League, at Victoria.
MOTORING
Considering the size of the island, there are possibly more
good motor trips radiating from Victoria than any other place
in America. Auto owners from United States, who wish to
tour Vancouver Island, can bring their cars into Canada
for ten days without any formalities beyond the signing of
registration card at point of entry, and if it is desired that
longer stay be made, the usual bond is easily arranged.
Among the most popular trips are: Victoria, Marine Drive
and Mount Douglas Park, 25 miles. Little Saanich Mountain
Observatory and Brentwood, 33 miles. Tour of Saanich
Peninsular, 45 miles. The famous Malahat Drive to Shawinigan and Duncan, Island Highway, 41 miles. The Grand
Island Highway Tour-rA/ictoria, Duncan, Nanaimo—Qualicum and Campbell River, and the entire Georgian Circuit
international tour, the greatest and most complete scenic
tour on the Continent.
PAGE THIiTY MOTOR ROAD FROM VICTORIA, B. C. TO ALBERNI
Page thirty-one C.  E.  E.  USSHER	
W.  R.  MAClNNES	
Geo. McL. Brown	
C. B. Foster.
C. E. McPherson	
W. H. SNELL..
G. A. Walton
H. W. Brodie.
Atlanta	
 Ga.
Auckland.....
 N. Z.
Belfast	
. Ireland
Bellingham   .
.. Wash .
Birmingham.
 Eno.
Boston	
... Mass
Brandon	
 Man.
Brisbane	
 QD.
Bristol	
 Eng.
Brockville....
 Ont.
Buffalo	
....N.Y.
Calcutta	
...India
Calgary.	
.. .Alta.
Canton	
. .China.
Chicago	
 III.
Cincinnati...
.. .Ohio.
Cleveland	
.. .Ohio.
Detroit	
.. .Mich.
Duluth	
.. .Minn.
Edmonton....
... Alta.
Everett	
. ..Wash.
Fort William.
 Ont.
Glasgow Scotland.
Halifax	
....N.S.
Hamilton	
 Ont.
Hong Kong...
.. China .
Honolulu	
 H.I.
Juneau	
.Alaska.
Kansas City. .
 MO.
Ketchikan....
.Alaska.
Kingston	
... .Ont.
Kobe	
..Japan.
Liverpool	
 Eng.
London	
 Eng.
London	
 Ont.
Los Angeles...
 Cal.
CANADIAN PACIFIC
OFFICERS OF THE TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT
G. M. Bos worth, Vice-President, Montreal
.Passenger Traffic Manager  .Montreal
.Freight Traffic Manager  .Montreal
.European Manager   London, Eng.
. Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
. Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Winnipeg
. General Passenger Agent     Montreal
. General Passenger Agent Winnipeg
. General Passenger Agent Vancouver
H. E. MacDonnell. . .. .Assistant Freight Traffic Manager .Montrea
W. B. Lanigan  Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Winnipeg
H. G. Dring  General Passenger Agent London, Eng.
Geo. C. Wells Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager. Montreal
A. O. Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
J. O. Afps  General Baggage Agent Montreal
J. M. Gibbon General Publicity Agent Montreal
AGENCIES
.E. G. Chesbrough.Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept.220-221 Healy Bldg
. Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
. Wm. McCalla, Agent 41 Victoria Street
. W. H. Gordon, Freight and Pass'r Agent 113 West Holly
.W. T. Treadaway, Agent 4 Victoria Square
.E. F. L. Sturdee, General Agent Pass'r Dept.332 Washington
.J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent
. MacDonald Hamilton <fc Company.
.A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine Parade
. Geo. McGlade, CityTkt.Agent, Cor. King St.andCourt House
.L. R. Hart, General Agent Passenger Dept, .302 Main Street
\ SS?8' £ook F£°R.' •v i_v, 9 old Court Hous« st^t
* ( Gillanders, Arbuthnot A Co.
.Robert Dawson.District Pass'r Agt.,113 Can.Pac.StatibnBldg.
. Jardone, Mathesin & Co.
.T. J. Wall, Gen'l Agt., Pass'r Dept.. 224 South qiark St.
.M. E. Malone, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., 436 Walnut Street
. Geo. A. Clifford, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., 213 Euclid Avenue
.M. G. Murphy, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., 7 Fort Street West
. Jas. Maney, Gen'l Pass'r Agt., D. 8. 8. A A. Ry., Fidelity Bldg
.Chas. 8. Fyle, City Ticket Agent,.. 145 Jasper Avenue East
.A. B. Winter, Ticket Agent 1515 Hewitt Avenue
.A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent. .404 Victoria Avenue
. Thos. Russell, Agent 120 St. Vincent Street
.R. U. Parker, Asst. Dist. Passenger Agent, 126 Hollis Street
.A. Craig, City Pass'r Agent, Cor. King and James Street
.J. R. Shaw, General Agent Pass'r Dept., C. P. O. S.   Ltd
.Theo. H. Davies & Co.
.F. F. W. Lowle, General Agent.
. R. G. Norris, Traveling Pass'r Agent... 614*615 Ry Ex Bldg
.F. E. Ryus, Agent.
. F. Conway, City Freight and Passenger Agent.
. J. D. Abell, Agent    m    i Bund
.Thomas McNeil, Agent 6 Water Street
(H. G. Dring, Gen'l Pass'r Agt.,... 62-65 Charing Cross 8 W
• |T. J. Smith, Gen'l Frt. Agt., 67-68 King William St:E C
.H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent, 161 Dundas Street
. A. A. Polhamus, Qen'l Agt., Pass'r Dept.. 605 South Spring St.
Melbourne  .Aus.
Milwaukee Wis.
Minneapolis Minn.
Montreal Que.
Nagasaki Japan.
Nelson B. C.
New York N. Y
Ottawa  Ont.
Paris France.
Philadelphia Pa.
Pittsburgh Pa.
Portland Me .
Portland Ore .
Prince Rupert.   .  B. C.
Quebec Que.
Regina Sask.
Sault Ste. Marie. ..Ont.
Sault Ste. Marie.Mich.
St. John N. B.
St. Louis .Mo.
St. Paul Minn.
San Francisco.... .Cal.
Seattle Wash.
Shanghai China.
Sherbrooke Que.
Skagway Alaska.
Spokane Wash.
Sydney Aus.
Tacoma Wash.
Toronto Ont.
Vancouver B. C.
Victoria B. C.
Washington D. C.
Winnipeg Man.
Yokohama Japan.
. Union 8. 8. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)... Thos. Cook & Son
. F. T. Sansom, Passenger Agent, Soo Line, 100 Wisconsin St.
. R.S. Elworthy, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept.,402 Nicollet Avenue
F. C. Lydon, City Passenger Agent, 141-145 St. James Street
. Holme, Ringer <fc Co.
.J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent.
) Jv 5* SrTy'Ge^ Agt.Pass'rDept,1231Br'dway cor.30thSt.
• iG.O. Walton, City Passenger Agent.. )   1001  „     ^
J International Sleeping Car Co..? J   1231 Broadway
J. A. McGill, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks Street
.Aug. Catoni, Agent i RUe Scribe
.R. C. Clayton, City Passenger Agent, 629-631 Chestnut Street
.C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 340 Sixth Street
.Leon W. Merritt, Ticket Agt., Maine Cent. R. R.,Union Dpt.
.J. V. Murphy, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., . .55 Third Street
.J. I. Peters, General Agent.
. C. A. Langevin, City Pass'r Agt.,30 St.John St.,Cor.PalaceHill
.J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent, .1812 Scarth Street
.W. B. Moorehouse, City Passenger Agent.
. W. J. Atchison, City Passenger Agent. ...224 Ashmun Street
. N. R. DesBrisay, District Passenger Agent, 40-42 King Street
.E. L Sheehan, General Agent Pass'r Dept. 420 Locust Street
.B. E. Smeed, City Pass'r Agent, Soo Line, 379 RobertStreet
.F L. Nason, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept. ...645 Market Street
. E. E. Penn, General Agent Pass'r Dept.. 713 Second Avenue
.G. M. Jackson, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept., C.P.O.S   Ltd
.A. Metivier, City Passenger Agent 74 Wellington Street
. L. H. Johnson, Agent.
. H. M. Beyers, City Passenger Agent.. .603 Sprague Avenue
.Union S. 8. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
.D. c O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent.. .1113 Pacific Avenue
(W. B. Howard, District Pass. Agent. ), ~,     «.    . ^
• t W. Fulton, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agent..} x Kln* Str©et, East
.J. Moe, City Passenger Agent 434 Hastings Street. West
.L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent, 1102 Government St.
.C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent, 1419 New York Avenue
. A. G. Richardson, District Pass'r Agt., Main and Portage Ave
.Edward Stone, OeiTl Agt.,Pass'r Dept..C.P.O.S..Ltd ,14Buad ^janaman Rockies
„tSu._       showing   main   line of
Cmjotmj Pacific Ry
■     WITH   BRANCH   LINES
&STEAMSHIP CONNEaiONS A
RESORTS IN

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