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Resorts in the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1929

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Banff Springs Hotel In  the   heart  of  Rocky   Mountains] National   Park,   backed  by
Banff, Alberta three splendid mountain  ranges.    Alpine  climbing,   motoring   and
Altitude 4,625 feet drives on good roads, golf, bathing, hot sulphur springs, tennis, fishing,
boating and riding.    Open May 15th to October 1st.    European plan.
Chateau Lake Louise Facing an exquisite Alpine  Lake in  Rocky  Mountains National
Lake Louise, Alberta Park.     Alpine climbing with Swiss guides,  pony trips, swimming,
Altitude 5,670 feet. drives  or   motoring,   boating,   fishing.     Open June 1st to October
1st.  European plan.
Emerald Lake Chalet Situated at the foot  of Mount Burgess, amidst the picturesque
Near Field, B.C. Alpine scenery of the Yoho National Park.    Roads and  trails  to
Altitude 4,272 feet. the Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc.    Boating and fishing.     Open
June 15th to September 15th.    American plan.
Hotel Sicamous Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and
Sicamous, B.C. stop-over point for those who wish to see the Canyons by daylight.
Altitude 1,146 feet. Good boating and excellent trout fishing in Shuswap Lake.    Open
all year.   American plan.
Castle Mountain By motor from either Banff of Lake Louise.     Hiking,  motoring,
Altitude 5,600 feet. mountain climbing.    Open June 15th to September 15th.
Radium Hot Springs By motor, (91 miles) from Banff or Lake Louise.     Hiking, motoring,
Altitude   3,456   feet. fishing, climbing, swimming in hot radium pools.    Open June 15th
to September 15th.
Mount Assiniboine By trail from Banff.    Overnight stop in half-way cabin.   Camp is at
Altitude 7.200 feet. the  foot   of   Mount  Assiniboine   (11.860  ft).    Open  July 25th to
October 15th.
Moraine Lake By motor from Lake Louise.   Head of Valley of the Ten Peaks.
Altitude 6,190 feet. Trout fishing, pony trails, climbs, etc. Open June 1st to September 30th.
Lake O'Hara By trail from Hector, B.C.    Riding, walking, mountain climbing,
Altitude 6,664 feet. trips to Lake McArthur and Lake Oesa, also to Abbot Pass.    Open
June 15th to September 15th.
Wapta Near Hector Station.    Centre for explorations.    Excursions to
Altitude 5,190 feet. Lake O'Hara, Yoho Valley, Sherbrooke Lake, Kicking Horse Canyon,
drives.    Open June 15th to September 15th.
Yoho Valley By motor from Field or Lake Louise, in one of the loveliest valleys
Altitude 5,000 feet. in   the Rockies.     Takakkaw Falls,   Summit   Lake,   Yoho   Glacier,
hikes,  climbs,   pony  trips.    Open June 15th to September 15th.
Canadian Pacific Hotels on the Pacific Coast
Hotel Vancouver Largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of Georgia, and
Vancouver, B.C. serving equally the business man and the tourist.     Golf, motoring? fishing, hunting,
Open all year. bathing,  steamer excursions.    European plan.
Empress Hotel A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the  Pacific Coast, which by its equable
Victoria v B.C. v climate has become a favorite summer and winter resort.    Motoring, yatching, sea
Open all year. and stream fishing, shooting and all-year golf.     Crystal Garden for swimming and
music.     European plan.
Canadian Pacific Hotels on the Prairies
Hotel Palliser* A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard in this prosperous city of Southern
Calgary, Alberta Alberta.   Suited equally to the business man or the tourist to or from the Canadian
Rockies.     European plan.
Hotel Saskatchewan In the capital of this rich and prosperous province.    Golf  and   motoring.    European
Regina, Sask. plan.
The Royal Alexandra A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, appealing to those who
Winnipeg, Man. wish to break their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's social life.
European plan.
Canadian Pacific Hotels in Eastern Canada
Montreal, Que. Place Viger Hotel—A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.
Quebec, Que. Chateau Frontenac—A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of North America.
McAdam, N.B. McAdam  Hotel—A commercial and sportsman's hotel.
St. Andrews, N.B. The Algonquin—The social centre of Canada's most fashionable seashore summer
resort.     Open June 22nd to September 10th.
Toronto, Ont. The Royal York—Opening June, 1929.    The largest hotel in the British Empire.
Other Hotels and Bungalow Camps Reached by Canadian Pacific
Agassiz, B.C... Harrison Hot Springs Hotel Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
Penticton, B.C.. Hotel  Incola French River, Ont.. . French River Camp
Cameron Lake, B.C.Cameron Lake Chalet Digby, N.S       - . . - .The Pines
Kenora, Ont Devil's Gap Camp Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn
Mount Assiniboine     Camp Halifax, N.S.., Lord Nelson Hotel
This cover printed in Canada, 19z9. Printed in United States, 1929
Lake   Louise
From a pastel by A. C. Leighton, A.R.B.A. 7 HE Canadian Rockies comprise some of Nature's most
majestic and gigantic works. Reaching to a height of
ten, eleven, twelve thousand or even more feet—with
the railway that crosses them itself reaching over a mile above
sea-level—they form the 600-mile wide backbone of America.
From Cochrane, Alberta, where one begins to enter the
Rockies, to Mission, British Columbia, where one enters the
coastal plain, is a train ride, by the "Trans-Canada Limited,"
fastest Canadian Pacific train, of 22 hours.
To cross the Swiss Alps, from France to Italy, takes, by
railway, some five hours. When, therefore, Edward Whymper,
the most famous mountaineer of all time, and conqueror of the
Matterhorn, described the Canadian Rockies as "fifty Switzerlands in one," he certainly did not exaggerate.
The Top of the World
THE Canadian Pacific route through these mighty
mountain ranges visualizes in itself the triumph of man over
enormous natural obstacles. From Calgary, to which it has
been steadily climbing since it left Lake Superior, it climbs still
higher to the Great Divide—over a mile higher than the Pacific
Ocean. Thence, following the narrow Kicking Horse Pass, it
dips down for its first crossing of the majestic Columbia River;
then re-ascends another quarter-mile to the summit of the
Selkirk Range before beginning its long descent to the Pacific
through the Thompson and Fraser Canyons,
In the High Roc\ies
THIS wonderful mountain region offers a remarkable
welcome to those who leave the railway, and tarry awhile.
Snow-clad peaks, gleaming white glaciers, rugged precipices,
waterfalls, foaming torrents, canyons, beautiful lakes set in the
heart of pine-forests—these have been flung together by the
Great Creator in unparalleled profusion.
All these you see around and within easy reach of the principal
vacation resorts of the Canadian Rockies—resorts which have
now become known to the ends of the world. Banff, Lake
Louise, Emerald Lake, and the Yoho Valley—these are some of
the centres of summer life, where you can golf, climb mountains,
take wonderful motor trips, ride into the fastnesses on surefooted mountain ponies, fish, swim, boat, hike or explore:
where you meet Indians, and cow-punchers, and scarlet-coated
Royal Canadian Mounted Policemen, or mountain sheep
wandering unmolested by the road. And at these and other
places there are magnificent hotels or charming bungalow
camps, where days and nights pass in surroundings of beauty,
comfort and gaiety.
These resorts of the Canadian Rockies are now so closely
linked by motor roads as well as by railway that when you go
to visit one you can easily visit them all.
A Sea of Mountains
I?i the various mountain ranges that make up the Canadian
Rockies—the Rockies proper, the Selkirks, and the Monashee,
Coast, Cascade, and Purcell Ranges—there are, according to
Government measurements, including only those peaks which
bear names, and not the innumerable mountains that have not
yet been named or measured, or that are very inaccessible from
630 peaks above 6,000 feet above sea-level;
308 between 7,000 feet and 10,000 feet;
161 between 10,000 feet and 12,000 feet;
4 over 12,000 feet.
Pilot Mountain, on the Banff-Lake Louise Road,
In some mountainous regions the chief peaks spring from
such high plateaus that although they are actually a very
considerable height above sea-level, their height is not very
impressive to the eye. This is not so in the Canadian Rockies.
Some fifty principal mountains, for example, at the most popular
mountain resorts—Banff, Lake Louise, Moraine Lake, Lake
O'Hara, Field, Emerald Lake and the Yoho Valley—and ranging
in height from 8,000 to 11,500 feet, average a height above the
floor of the valleys at their base of about 4,800 feet, or almost a
mile. The Canadian Rockies, being rich in glaciers and neve
fields, are generally snow-covered the year-round.
Rational Par\s
SIX of Canada's magnificent system of National Parks situated in the Canadian Rockies are traversed by or lie adjacent
to the Canadian Pacific Railway; while others can be conveniently reached from it.
Rocky Mountains Park (2,751 square miles, the boundaries
of which are at present being subject to revision), with Banff
and Lake Louise as principal centres.   See page 4.
Yoho Park (476 square miles), containing Emerald Lake,
the Yoho Valley, Lake O'Hara, and Wapta Lake.    See page 20.
Kootenay Park (587 square miles), with Banff-Windermere
Road running through it.    See page 18.
Glacier Park (468 square miles). In the Selkirk Range.
Seepage 18.
Mount Revelstoke Park (100 square miles).    See page 18.
Waterton Lakes Park (220 square miles). In Southern
Mount Assiniboine Park (20 square miles) is a British
Columbia Provincial Park.   See page 9.
Canadian Pacific Hotels
TOURIST accommodation is of two kinds—at hotels or at
Bungalow Camps. A full description of these will be found on
the front inside cover, or on the text pages stated below.
The four Canadian Pacific hotels in the mountains are now,
without exaggeration, world famous. They are of different
size, but each is characterized by the same beautiful location,
the same luxury, comfort and charm of interior appointment,
and excellence of personal service. Each occupies the best
scenic view-point, and is the centre of all outdoor excursions
and facilities necessary thereto.
Banff Springs Hotel   .
Chateau Lake Louise .
Emerald Lake Chalet
Hotel Sicamous   .
(page 4)
(page 10)
(page 24)
(page 18)
Bungalow Camps
BUNGALOW Camps not only supplement the capacity of the
hotels, but also provide accommodations of a somewhat different kind. They are, on the whole, less formal than the hotels.
The Bungalow Camps are not tents, but of log or other wooden
construction, with a large central building that serves as a
dining room and social centre, and separate sleeping bungalows.
Besides the Bungalow Camps, there are many Tea-Houses and
Rest-Houses at outlying points.
In Yoho Park—Yoho Valley, Wapta and Lake O'Hara
Bungalow Camps, and four Tea-Houses and Rest-Houses linked
up thereto (see pages 20 and 24).
Near Lake Louise—Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp and
four Tea-Houses and Rest-Houses (see page 10).
Banff-Windermere Road—Castle Mountain and Radium
Hot Springs Bungalow Camps (see page 18).
Ask our Agencies for a separate booklet, "Bungalow Camps
in the Canadian Rockies."
The Calgary Stampede
ALBERTA, always a country of considerable stock-raising
interests, is still one of the principal ranching sections of the
West; and in the "Stampede" held at Calgary, the glories of the
Old West are revived annually in a week's carnival of frontier
sports and contests. The Calgary Stampede has now become
a famous frontier-day celebration, and contestants come from
all parts of the continent. Cowboys, Indians, Mounted Policemen, old-timers are all to be seen in this western epic. It will
be held in 1929 from July 8th to 13th, and visitors to the Canadian Rockies should stop off at Calgary and participate.
Ranch Life in the Foothills
AT three places in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies,
the visitor can enjoy both ranch life and excursions into the
neighbouring mountains.    They are:—
Kananaskis Ranch—in Rocky Mountains Park, near the
Indian Reservation at Morley, between Calgary and Banff.
Address C. B. Brewster, Kananaskis, Alta.
The T S Ranch—in the foothills west of High River, joining
the E P Ranch belonging to the Prince of Wales and the famous
Bar U Ranch of P. Burns. Conducted by Guy Weadick, Manager of the Calgary Stampede.   Address Longview P.O., Alta.
Buffalo Head Ranch—long established, near the E P
Ranch, and with many miles of frontage on the beautiful High-
wood River. Riding, fishing, hunting. Address George W.
Pocaterra, High River R. R. 2, Alta. Full information can be
secured from the above.
Page Two Page Three IV
(?T)A1{FF is the administrative headquarters of Rocky
f\ Mountains Park (area 2,751 square miles). No part of
^* the Rockies exhibits a greater variety of sublime and
romantic scenery, and nowhere else are good points of view
and features of special interest so accessible. The town lies
embowered in pine forests and lawns, in a pocket of a wide
circle of pearly-grey limestone peaks. Warmed by clear sunshine and kissed by clear air, exhilarated by the glacial-green
Bow River, Banff bids all welcome.
A Panorama of Pea\s
FROM either the station, the bridge or Banff Springs Hotel,
a magnificent panorama is to be witnessed. From the station
first: to the north is the grey bulk of Cascade Mountain,
towering above the town like a grim old idol. To the east
are Mount Inglismaldie and the heights of the Fairholme
sub-range. Still farther to the east, the sharp cone of Mount
Peechee closes the view in that direction. To the left of
Cascade rises the wooded ridge of Stoney Squaw. To the
west and up the valley are the distant snowy peaks of the
main range above Simpson's Pass. To the left is Sulphur
Mountain, to the south-east the isolated, wooded bluff of
Tunnel Mountain and the long serrated spine of Mount Rundle.
From the Bow Bridge the view is even more magnificent, for
the river runs through the centre of the picture, and one who
has caught his first glimpse of this picture close to sunset will
never forget its breath-taking beauty. A little beyond the
bridge the river frolics over a series of rapids in a narrow gorge,
and then, leaping in clouds of spray, falls almost opposite the
Banff Springs Hotel. From the high elevation of the hotel
a somewhat different view is obtained, looking across the
junction of the Bow with the smaller and darker Spray River,
to the distant snow-clad barrier of the Fairholme Range.
Banff Springs Hotel
BANFF has been for many years one of the most popular
mountain resorts on the continent—due not only to its environment, but also to the beautifully situated and splendidly
appointed Banff Springs Hotel—a Canadian Pacific hotel.
It is all fireproof, the new structure having been completed
only last year. The entire first floor is given over to public
rooms, artistically decorated and furnished, in which the
architect has provided a Scotch baronial atmosphere. Among
the features are the period suites—the Vice-Regal, Georgian,
Jacobean, Tudor, Swiss and Italian; the period influence also
dominates the lounges, including the magnificent Mount Stephen
Hall.    (Hotel open May 15th to October 1st.)
At the hotel there is entertainment all the time. One could
be perfectly happy just looking out towards the enclosing
mountains, watching the swimmers in the warm sulphur water
pool, swimming oneself, playing tennis, or studying the cosmopolitan types which one meets at this great caravanserai.
There is an excellent Turkish bath at the hotel, very popular
with those who come in after a game of golf or an hour in the
saddle. The spacious luxurious lounges invite one to succumb
to a contented laziness. There is nearly always an orchestra
playing somewhere, and in the evening, when Banff, the mountains and the winding Bow are bathed in moonlight, the strains
of dance music float out from the ballroom.
The Hot Springs
HAD Banff not become famous for its beauty, it must have
become famous for its hot springs, which are amongst the
most important of this continent. The five chief springs have
a total flow of about a million gallons a day, and issue from the
The Bow River Falls, Banff.
ground the year round at a temperature ranging from 78 to
112 degrees Fahrenheit. Winter makes no difference to the
temperature of the water. The chief constituents are calcium
sulphate or gypsum, calcium bicarbonate and magnesium
sulphate, and their therapeutic value is very high. The springs,
which are also radio-active, have been developed by the erection
at two of them of bath houses and swimming pools.
EXCELLED swimming in: warm sulphur water is afforded
at Banff Springs Hotel, which has its own large and beautiful
open-air pool. Here, where the temperatures of the summer
air and the water are delightfully blended, and spring diving-
boards offer opportunity for! sport to expert swimmers, the
sloping depth of the bath gives confidence to beginners at the
shallow end; while the cold fresh water pool adjacent to the
warm bath provides an invigorating plunge.
There is also excellent swimming at the Cave and Basin,
where a fine $150,000 swimming pool and series of private baths
have been built by the Government. At the Upper Hot
Sulphur Springs, on the slopes of Sulphur Mountain 800 feet
higher than the hotel, at an altitude of 5,132 feet, is another
swimming pool, which may be reached by trail from the hotel,
or by road from Bow River fridge.
Golf and Tennis
A?i eighteen-hole golf course, superbly located on the
banks of the Bow River, and guarded by huge bastions of rock,
turreted and pinnacled like the fortified castle of old, is open
to all visitors to Banff on payment of green fees. The course
has been entirely reconstructed by the Canadian Pacific, under
the supervision of Stanley Thompson, and now offers one of the
finest, most perfectly balanced and most scenically beautiful
courses in the world. Starting from within 300 feet of the Banff
Springs Hotel, it has a length of 6,640 yards and a par ol 71.
One feature, to suit all types of golfers, is the use of three tees
for each hole, providing three courses—long, medium and
short. The fairways are doubly wide, with two routes to
each hole.
For tennis players there are several admirable courts, and
because the exquisite summer climate of Banff is very conducive
to both golf and tennis, a large number of people may always be
seen enjoying the games.
Walking and Riding
THERE are many delightful walks and rides in the immediate vicinity. The roads are good and the trails especially
lovely. The Bow Falls are only a few minutes' walk from the
Banff Springs Hotel; the trail which goes up the hill near them
affords a lovely view of the falls and the rapids farther up
stream.   The fish hatchery nearby is well worth seeing.
The Tunnel Mountain motor road, on the east side of the
river, gives beautiful views of the town, Bow Valley and the
surrounding peaks. A trail branches off this road almost
opposite the hotel, practically above the falls; following the
river, at times leading into tiny meadows, it eventually comes
out at the far side of Tunnel Mountain. The motor trip up this
mountain should also be taken.
The Cave and Basin and Sundance Canyon are two objectives
for a walk or ride. This Canyon is a cleft in the rocks through
which a turbulent stream tumbles. In the rock crannies and
adjoining woods are many beautiful flowers—the dry as, saxifrage, stonecrop and columbine among them. There are also
short delightful trails through the woods between Spray Avenue
and the motor road leading to the Upper Hot Springs.
There are pony trails and short cuts up Tunnel Mountain
which one can take if walking. It makes an easy climb; its
elevation is only 5,540 feet. Stoney Squaw, north of Tunnel
Mountain and 620 feet higher, is really a walk. It is fascinatingly green in a world of grey peaks and snowfields; and those
who are attracted up its slopes are well repaid.
Sulphur Mountain is another delightful walk. The novice
will no doubt insert the word "climb," and argue the word
walk is incorrect. Sulphur is 8,040 feet, with the Observatory
at the summit. To shorten the climb, a motor can be taken to
the foot of the trail, thus lessening the distance. One of the
pleasantest ways of ascent is on the back of a pony. On the
long wooded slope of this mountain is the clubhouse of the
Alpine Club of Canada.
Boating and Launch Trips
A few minutes from the bridge is the Bow River Boathouse.
From here motor launches set out several times a day on a
12-mile trip in which the surrounding mountains are seen from
a unique and advantageous point of view. Here, also, canoes
and row boats are obtainable. Echo River and Willow Creek,
overhung with arching trees, are especially attractive to those
who wish to row or paddle on tranquil mountain streams; by
following Willow Creek the lovely Vermilion Lakes are reached.
Recreation Grounds
THIS section of the park, by the Bow River, is not far from
the bridge and can be reached by a delightful road by the
river, or from the Cave and Basin motor road. There is a
building for recreation purposes, also spaces for baseball,
tennis, football and cricket. The club house of the Banff Gun
Club is not far distant, and here trap shooting competitions
are held.
Page Four Banff
The Valley of the Bow River
From a painting by Carl Rungius, N.A.
Page Five Page Six Page Seven MM..MMMMMMMMMAM,:
Page Eight
Mount    Assiniboine
A very attractive two-day ride from Banff
From a painting by Carl Rungius, N.A. 7HE tourist will find plenty of interest in the little town of
Banff itself, with its churches, cinemas and shops, interspersed with groups of cowboys in woolly chaps and gay-
colored kerchiefs, sloe-eyed Indians in buckskin coats and moccasins, packers, trappers, guides and other truly mountain men.
Near the fine bridge over the Bow River are the Administration
Offices of the Park, the Museum, Zoo and Royal Canadian
Mounted Police Headquarters.
The animal corral is \]4, miles from the town, an immense
fenced-in area where a herd of buffaloes, mountain sheep, goat,
moose, antelope and other kindred of the wild roam at will
through the vast forested pasturage. You can drive into this
corral quite close up to the buffaloes and enjoy studying them
in these surroundings.
La\e Minnewan\a
A short motor run is to Lake Minnewanka, 8 miles north of
Banff, and about 14 miles long. From the hotel the route
lies through the town, east of Stoney Squaw and Cascade
Mountains, past the buffalo park and through Bankhead to the
lake at the head of Cascade Creek. A weird, elusive beauty
made the Indians rightly name it "Spirit Water." A motor
launch runs to the end of the lake, and about half-way passes
the beautiful little Aylmer Canyon, over which towers Mount
Aylmer (10,365 feet high), while facing it on the opposite shore
rises the head of Mount Inglismaldie (9,715 feet). Row boats
are obtainable, and large trout may be fished for. Lake
Minnewanka Chalet, on the lake shore, is a popular place for
afternoon teas and meals.
Mount Assiniboine
MOUNT Assiniboine—aptly termed the "Matterhom of
the Canadian Rockies"—rises in impressive grandeur to a
height of 11,860 feet in the centre of one of the most magnificent
mountain regions in the world. At the foot of this peak, and
near the shore of Lake Magog, is situated a comfortable and
well-equipped log cabin camp operated by Marquis N. degli
Albizzi, a well-known sportsman and outdoor enthusiast.
This camp is reached from Banff by a two days' horseback
ride over the spectacular new trail by way of Brewster Creek,
or by a longer trip via the Spray Lakes. Return journey can be
made by travelling the beautiful summit country in the vicinity
of Mount Assiniboine, through the heather and flowers of
Simpson Pass and then down Healey Creek. A halfway cabin
has been established as an overnight stop for the convenience
of those making the trip via Brewster Creek.
Mystic La\e
NORTH from Banff, there is a very fine trail ride to Mystic
Lake, along the side of Mount Norquay and down to Forty-
Mile Creek. It cannot be made in one day, but near Mystic
Lake there is a specially-constructed log house with sleeping
quarters and cook-stove, where the night can be spent. An
extension can be made to Sawback Lake. Organized rides to
Stoney, Sawback and Mystic Lakes will leave Banff by special
arrangement (see page 18).
To La\e Louise
FROM Banff to Lake Louise is a fine 42-mile motor trip.
The route is along the Bow River, crossing a spot that is the
favorite haunt of a large herd of mountain sheep, who in this
National Park have sanctuary, environed all the time by magnificent forests and mountains.
At about 16 miles from Banff a stop is made at Johnston
Canyon—16 miles of inspiring mountain scenery, with the
gaunt grey turrets of Castle Mountain towering ahead.   One
Indian Braves at Indian Week, Banff.
can leave the car here and walk up the canyon—a distance of
about three-quarters of a mile. The Johnston Creek dashes
between high rock walls and falls in a series of miniature cascades which are spanned by tiny rustic bridges, Gradually
the canyon reveals its loveliness. Its climax is a clear blue
pool, only partly disturbed by the whirlpool caused by falls
from a gorge above.
From Johnston Canyon the road continues to Lake Louise.
Castle Mountain, with its imposing battlements, is on the
north, and Mount Temple—one of the most stately piles in
the Rockies—on the south. A short detour at Castle enables
one to reach Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp, from which
a beautiful view of the Bow Valley is to be obtained.
The Highland Gathering
AT Banff this year, from August 30th to 3rd September,
will be repeated the "Highland Gathering," which has proved
so remarkably successful since its inception, two years ago.
This is a great Scotch festival of music and sports, to which
singers from all parts of America come, and bagpipers from
Highland regiments to play in competitions, and in which the
sturdy old Scotch sports, and the fine Scotch costume dancing,
are to be seen at their best.
A special little booklet will be issued about the Highland
Gathering, and will be procurable from Canadian Pacific
Indian Wee\
INDIAN WEEK at Banff is one of the most colorful spectacles on the North American continent. Between three and
four hundred Stoney Indians come from the Morley reserve, 40
miles east of Banff, for their tribal sports. In the summer of
1929, they will be joined by other tribes in a pageant on a scale
greater than ever before (fourth week in July). Each morning
they have a parade in which the majority of the Indians take
part; the tribe is all mounted, while many splendid horses are
used, resplendent in gorgeous trappings and headpieces. The
costumes of both men and women are creations of white buckskin, beadwork and ermine, their color schemes being exceedingly wonderful, and they ride with dignity and poise.
Mountain Climbing
THE Canadian Rockies present to the mountain climber
one of the most extensive and interesting fields of any easily
accessible ranges of the world. Noted climbers make their
way thither from all parts of the world. But let not the novice
be daunted; there are easy climbs aplenty for him to graduate
from—on some, indeed, he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk
good trails almost to the summit, while on others a short
scramble will bring him to his gaol.
It is difficult to imagine anything more fascinating than to
start out in the early morning, stepping in half an hour from the
perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel into the primitive glory
of cliff and crag, winding waterway and frozen grandeur, to
spend the day among the mountains. With a blue sky overhead, the air soft with the sweet resinous spice of the forest,
and all cares left far behind, one sees only beautiful sights,
hears only wonderland sounds, and for a whole long day lives
close to the very heart of Nature in her most splendid mood.
The Alpine Club of Canada
THE Alpine Club of Canada, with considerably over 600
members, and headquarters established in a singularly handsome Club House at Banff, holds a Camp each year in the Canadian Rockies, and welcomes all who have the ambition to
climb or are interested in any way in the mountains. The
Annual Camp in 1929 will be held during the last two weeks of
July at Rogers Pass, near Glacier, on the main line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Winter Sports
BANFF is rapidly becoming an important centre for winter
sports, the Annual Winter Sports Carnival in early February
attracting large crowds. Ski-ing, tobogganing, skating, and
bob-sledding are amongst the popular attractions.
Motor Trips Around Banff
General Drive.—To the Buffalo Park, Tunnel Mountain, Bow
Falls, Spray Valley, Zoo, Cave and Basin, Golf Links, etc.,
twice daily.
Lake Minnewanka.—(See above.)   Once daily.
Banff-Calgary.—Once daily.
Lake Louise.—(See above.)    Three times daily.
24-Hour Motor Detour.—To Golden (see page 18). Once
The Lariat Trail.—3 days (page 18). Monday and Thursday.
Outdoor Trips at Banff
Trail Trips.—Rocky Mountain Park has 700 miles of good
trails, a large part of which radiate from Banff. With guides
and ponies, the visitor may find his way to Mystic Lake, in
the heart of the Sawback Range, to Ghost River, the
Spray Lakes, the Kananaskis Lakes and dozens of other
magic places.
Mount Assiniboine and Mystic Lake Trips.—See above.
Fishing.—See page 16.
Climbing.—Easy—Tunnel and Sulphur. Harder—Rundle,
Norquay, Cascade, Stoney-Squaw, Aylmer, Edith and Louis.
Page Nine ZAKE LOUISE—probably the most perfect gem of scenery i
in the known world—bears the liquid music, the soft |
' color notes of its name, almost into the realm of the
visible. Geographically a "cirque lake"—a deep, steep walled
recess caused by glacial erosion, nestling 600 feet above the
railway on the far side of a mountain palisade, amidst an amphitheatre of peaks—it is a dramatic palette upon which the Great
Artist has splashed his most gorgeous hues, a wonderful
spectrum of color. Deepest and most exquisitely colored is
the lake itself, sweeping from rosy dawn to sunset through green,
blue, amethyst and violet, undershot by gold; dazzling white is
the sun-glorified Victoria Glacier, at the farther end; sombre
are the enclosing pine-clad peaks that dip perpendicularly into
the lake; and magnificent are the stark immensities of the snow-
covered peaks that enclose the picture except for the fleecy
blue sky overhead.
The Chateau
ON the margin of this most perfect lake, in a wonderful
Alpine flower garden, where poppies, violets, columbines,
anemones and sheep laurel slope through terraced lawns to the
water's edge—the Canadian Pacific has placed its great Chateau
Lake Louise. The first hotel built by the Company on this
spot was an unpretentious log cabin. Some years later a bigger
building was erected, and this has been repeatedly enlarged to
meet the demands of an ever-increasing stream of tourists,
until to-day a fire-proof modern and luxurious hotel with accommodation for seven hundred guests now stands there.
Across the front of the hotel extends a vast lounge that commands an uninterrupted view of the Lake through beautiful,
single-pane windows of enormous size. The dining-room, in
the right wing, has the same wonderful windows and view.
From the ballroom in the left wing the lake may be seen through j
the arches of the cloistered terrace. Thus the visitor may
rest, dine and dance without losing sight of the beauty that
attracted him hither.
The Chateau has many attractions. Two fine hard tennis
courts are attached to the hotel, and a boat-house supplies
bright brown, secure rowing boats to the many who cannot
resist the magnetism of the clear, blue water. Below the dining-
room and overlooking the lake is an attractively terraced
concrete swimming-pool filled with heated glacial water and
with an instructor in attendance. (Hotel open June 1st to
October 1st.)
A Circle of Pea\s
THE peaks that surround Lake Louise form such a magnificent background that many visitors ask nothing better than
to sit on the hotel verandah watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of beauty and color that they present. From left to
right they are:—Saddleback, Fairview, Lefroy, Victoria,
Collier, Popes Peak, Whyte, the Devil's Thumb, the Needles,
Big Beehive, Niblock, St. Piran, and Little Beehive. At the
far end of the Lake, catching for the greater part of the day the
full glory of the sun, their snowfields standing out in dazzling
whiteness, are the glaciers that drop down from Mount Victoria
and the lofty ice-crowned head of Mount Lefroy.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise a delightful mile-
and-a-half walk along a level trail affords splendid views of
further peaks—Mount Haddo, Aberdeen and the Mitre.
Moraine La\e
ANOTHER pearl of the Rockies is Moraine Lake, 9 miles
from Lake Louise at the end of one of the finest short motor
rides in the mountains. This lovely mountain lake, exquisitely
blue-green in color, lies in the Valley of the Ten Peaks—a
The wonderful reflections of Lake Louise.
tremendous and majestic semi-circle that with jagged profile
encircles the eastern and southern end of the lake. Not one
of these peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height—the highest,
Mount Deltaform, is 11,225 feet. Standing off a little, as a
sort of outpost, is the Tower of Babel, an interesting rock formation of unusual shape. An extension trip should be made to
Consolation Lake, the waters of which contain a plentiful supply
of rainbow, Dolly Varden, and cut-throat trout.
At the foot of the lake, where the creek flows out into the
Valley, is Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp. The main building,
in its attractive forest setting, contains a bright living and
dining room. The small, separate log sleeping cabins are near
at hand providing sleeping accommodation. The camp is an
admirable centre for trail-riders and walkers who wish to explore
the valley's surroundings, and for mountaineers who aspire to
the peaks. An attractive excursion is to the Consolation Lakes,
within easy reach of the Camp and a good place for trout-fishing.
La\es in the Clouds
TO the right of the Chateau is one of the easiest and loveliest trails to follow. It rises rapidly through a steep pine forest
abounding in shrubs and alpine flowers, while varied and
sweeping views are to be seen through the occasional gaps in
the forest. Passing above the snow-line the trail reaches the
first of the Lakes in the Clouds, resting an icy blue in the green
forest bowl. This is Mirror Lake; into it a noisy cataract
drops down a boulder-strewn cliff from Lake Agnes, the second
of the Lakes in the Clouds. The trail winds over a rocky path
above the pines to Lake Agnes, 1,200 feet above Lake Louise.
This lake seldom thaws until mid-July and is as quiet, though
not so brilliantly colored, as Mirror Lake, some 200 feet below.
It is guarded by its own little cirque of white-headed peaks,
around which the sunlight and the billowing clouds chase each
other with fascinating swiftness.
A delightful log Tea-House stands on the cliff top where the
cataract falls down to Mirror Lake. Its wide hearth throws
out a welcome warmth, and its windows command two wonderful
views. On the one side is Lake Agnes and the cirque almost
overhead; on the other side a vast panorama of the Bow Valley
fades into the distance.
The well-shod climber can continue to the top of the Little
Beehive, or to the Observatory on top of the Big Beehive, or
still further afield to the top of Mount St. Piran, 3,000 feet above
Lake Louise.
Plain of the Six Glaciers
BESIDES the mighty tongue of the Victoria Glacier, many
smaller glaciers descend into the cirque, and on the right side
of the cirque is the Plain of the Six Glaciers, where a spacious
Tea-House with broad verandahs has been placed at the head
as an excellent resting place.
The Plain can be reached by two trails. One continues
from the Lake Agnes Tea-House, following the right shore of
the lake into the little cirque as far round as the Big Beehive,
then descending between the Big Beehive and the Devil's
Thumb down a steep zig-zagging trail into the Plain. Before
reaching the Plain the trail branches in three directions, all of
which eventually lead to the second trail into the Plain.
The second trail leads directly from the Chateau to the
Plain, some 4 miles away, along the broad path to the right of
the Lake and up the Victoria creek to the foot of the glacier.
At this point the trails finally unite and make a winding ascent
to the Tea-House, from which the views of the cirque, and
Victoria Glacier hanging between the cliffs of Mounts Lefroy
and Victoria, are unparalleled.
The Tea-House provides all meals, and limited sleeping
accommodation. There is a continuation of the trail down to
the route over Abbot Pass.
Abbot Pass
FROM Victoria Glacier there is a fine climb over Abbot
Pass between Mount Victoria and Mount Lefroy, descending to
Lake O'Hara. (See page 20.) It is well to start in the morning,
taking the trail around the west shores of the Lake, ascending
the Victoria Valley and following the edge of Victoria Creek
until you reach the foot of the glacier. You can make a short
diversion to the Plain of Six Glaciers Tea-House en route. The
glacier is three miles long and a half mile wide, and there is
much of interest, such as glacier tables, moulins and seracs.
An Alpine hut (with sleeping accommodation for twenty, but
not serving meals) is situated near the summit of the Pass, at
an altitude of over 9,500 feet, for the convenience of climbers,
and most people prefer to stop the night here and see a glorious
sunrise in the morning. TLis expedition may be undertaken by
the novice, who, however, must be accompanied by a Swiss guide.
La\e O'Hara
IN the morning you descend the other side of the Pass to
Lake O'Hara, one of the loveliest of all Rocky Mountain waters.
Here there is a Bungalow Camp where you may stay before
returning to Louise, and perhaps, if you have a few hours to
spare, take the trail that leads to Lake McArthur, whose blue
waters lie at an altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier here,
and huge blocks of ice may be seen floating on the surface of
the lake, even in the summer time.
Page Ten p <
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Mount    Temple,    near    Lake    Louise
Seen from the Saddleback Trail
From a painting by Carl Rungius, N.A.
Page Eleven
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Around this page are
J seen a Royal Cana-
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\ man—some of the famous  Lake  Louise
poppies—the Chateau
I Lake Louise—The Tea
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— and  Mountain
^        . Climbing at Lake
//Vw4 Louise.
Page Twelve Page Thirteen Page Fourteen
The    New    Golf   Course   at   Banff
At once a perfect Golf Course and one ofj the most beautifully situated in the world
\ From a painting byi Adam Sherriff Scott
Page Fifteen 70 the left of the Chateau, another beautiful ride or walk
follows the broad trail up the further side of Fairview
Mountain to the Saddleback. The view from the pass between Fairview and the Saddleback is a magnificent panorama
of Paradise Valley far below, with its little Lake Annette gleaming like an emerald and its steep, brown-sided guardian mountains crowned by the snowy summit of Mount Temple in the
distance rising 11,626 feet.
On the Saddleback is a convenient Rest-House, 1,800 feet
above Lake Louise. From this point climbers can reach the
summit of Fairview, 9,001 feet high, or can go in the opposite
direction to the top of the Saddleback, 7,783 feet high. The
rider can continue between the Saddleback and Mount Sheol
down a winding trail through the lovely Sheol Valley to find
himself at length in beautiful Paradise Valley, which from the
Pass had looked so mysteriously lovely and distantly low that
it had seemed a vision rather than reality.
Paradise Valley
PARADISE Valley is about 6 miles long and lies between
Lake Louise and Moraine Lake. It is a garden of the mountains, carpeted with green and dotted with brightly hued
Alpine flowers of many varieties, including anemone and asters.
It is a very attractive trail ride either directly from the Chateau
or by way of the Saddleback. At the head of the Valley,
Paradise Creek cascades down an enormous rock stairway
called the Giant's Steps, from which the trail leads across the
creek and returns by way of Lake Annette. This tiny mountain
lake is the emerald heart of the valley and over it rises the
mighty white head of Mount Temple. The trail then recrosses
the creek to join the main trail back to the Chateau.
The route to Moraine Lake can also be followed by trail-
riders, while climbers can test their skill by returning along
the steep and difficult trail leading from the head of the Lake,
over Sentinel Pass, and down into Paradise Valley.
To Emerald La\e
FROM Lake Louise there are a number of very attractive
motor excursions. Besides the ones to Moraine Lake and Banff,
already mentioned, there is a fine road to Field and Emerald
Lake. This leads west on a high line to the Great Divide, and
crossing the track near Wapta Bungalow Camp at Hector
follows the brawling Kicking Horse River. It is a spectacular
ride and links up with established roads in Yoho National Park.
During the season, regular daily sight-seeing motor services
leave Lake Louise and return in the evening. On this drive
one crosses the Great Divide, stopping at Wapta Camp, Yoho
Valley Camp, and Emerald Lake. From Emerald Lake the
new "Kicking Horse Trail" continues to Golden.
Wild Life
ALL these expeditions hold a wonderful charm, especially
for those interested in the wild animal life and the exquisite
Alpine flowers of the mountains. Over 500 species of flowers
grow in the Rocky Mountains, and many of these are to be found
in the valleys and on the lower slopes and Alpine meadows of
the Lake Louise region.
Of the wild creatures, the hoary marmot, who is well-known
by his shrill whistle, the marten, the chipmunk, the bighorn or
mountain sheep and blacktail or mule deer, are seen in large
numbers. Black bears are also not uncommon, and some are
becoming very tame.
It is a common saying that there are no birds in the mountains, but anyone with eyes and ears can soon disprove this
belief.   The Franklin grouse is one species which nearly every
The Swimming Pool at the Chateau Lake Louise.
visitor is bound to see. This bird seems to have no sense at all
and is generally referred to as the "fool-hen." A type of
Canadian jay, the whiskey-jack, is plentiful enough, and sometimes these saucy birds will stand and inspect one from every
angle. Other birds likely to be seen are the mountain bluebird,
eagle, ptarmigan, the cheerful chickadee, water ousel and
humming bird.
Bungalow Camp Circle Trail Ride
A^ attractive 6-day Circle Trail Ride round the Bungalow
Camps is organized from Lake Louise at regular intervals
during the months of July and August. The points visited are
Wapta Camp, Lake O'Hara Camp, Lake McArthur, Ottertail
trail, Emerald Lake, Yoho Pass, Yoho Valley Camp, Burgess
Pass and Field.   For rates, see page 18.
Fishing in the Roc\ies
FIVE varieties of game fish have their habitat in the waters
of the Rocky Mountains National Park—the cut-throat, lake,
Dolly Varden, bull and brook trout. Good fishing can be
obtained in the Bow River upstream and downstream, Lake
Minnewanka, Mystic Lake, Sawback Lakes, Spray River, the
Spray Lakes, and the Lower Kananaskis Lake.
Around Lake Louise, reasonably good fishing is afforded in
the Pipestone River, Consolation Lake, the Upper Bow Lakes
and other places. The open season for fishing in the national
parks is from July 1st to September 30th, inclusive. There is a
Fishing Inspector at the office of the Superintendent of Rocky
Mountains Park, at Banff, from whom full and reliable information can be obtained.
Between Lake Louise and the Pacific Coast there are numerous points well worth the attention of the angler. Sicamous
is a good centre, at the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes,
and comfortable headquarters can be established at the Canadian Pacific hotel adjoining the station. Shuswap Lake has the
reputation of containing more varieties of trout and other fish
(including steelhead trout and land-locked salmon) than any
water in British Columbia. Kamloops, at the junction of the
north and south branches of the Thompson River, is an excellent
centre for the fly fisherman and within easy reach are several
fine waters. The lower stretches of both the Thompson and
Fraser Rivers offer good fishing at many points.
WHILE hunting is forbidden within the National Parks in
the Canadian Rockies, there is magnificent sport to be obtained
outside the Park limits, and the Canadian Pacific Railway
hotels and bungalow camps are good starting points for some of
the best hunting grounds. The bear, the mountain goat, the
Rocky Mountain sheep (the "Bighorn"), the moose and the
caribou are the chief animals hunted. The principal hunting
districts are the Lilloet, Cariboo and East Kootenay regions,
while the British Columbia coast and the country inland from
it afford almost virgin territory. The Cassiar country, in
northern B.C., is one of the finest and most celebrated sporting
regions of this continent.
Full information as to fishing and hunting possibilities in
the different localities of the mountains and the British Columbia coast, with lists of outfitters, guides, etc., is contained in a
series of bulletins which will be gladly furnished upon request
by the General Tourist Agent, Canadian Pacific Railway,
Montreal, Quebec.
Motor Trips Around La\e Louise
Moraine Lake (see above).    Three times daily.
Banff (see page 9).    Three times daily.
Emerald Lake (see above).    Twice daily.
24-Hour Motor Detour, Banff to Golden (see page 18), stays
overnight at Lake Louise in either direction.
The Lariat  Trail, 3  days  (see page 18), passes Lake Louise
eastbound the last day.
Outdoor Trips at La\e Louise
Trail Trips. —Lakes in the Clouds, Saddleback, Paradise
Valley, and Plain of Six Glaciers—regular daily trips, once
or twice a day.
6-Day Circle Trail Trip.—See above.
The Skoki Valley. 24 miles from Lake Louise — camping
ground at Skoki Lake, in an Alpine meadow amid high
glacial surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty.
Good fishing. Take camping outfit. Trip made by arrangement only.
Trips to Ptarmigan Valley, Hector Lake, Bow Lake, the Molar
Pass, the Pipestone Valley and Baker Creek—by arrangement only.
Fishing.—See above.
Climbing.—Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain
climbing centres of the Rockies, and has many good climbs
both for the novice and the experienced alpinist. Some
short and easy climbs will be found in the Beehive, Mount
St. Piran, Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview. For the
expert alpinist there are plenty of climbs around Lake Louise
that will provide him with sufficient opportunity to use
his skill. Some of these are the ascent of Mounts Whyte,
Popes, Collier, the north peak of Victoria, Lefroy, The
Mitre and Aberdeen.
Swiss Guides are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for
those who wish to visit the glaciers or climb mountains.
As they are greatly in demand, it is advisable to make
arrangements well in advance. Rates $7.00 per day. Climbers
must be equipped with Swiss Alpine climbing boots.
Page Sixteen ^^^^^^^^^s^^^^^^^^
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Fa^e Seventeen 7HE comprehensive programme of road - construction
carried on by the National Parks Department of the
Canadian Government during the past few years has
rendered easily accessible some of the most magnificent scenery
in the Canadian Rockies. These roads are of hard, stable
construction. Excellent automobile services (both touring
cars and organized sight-seeing busses) greatly enhance the
pleasure of the visitor.
24'Hour Motor Detour
ONE of the finest of these organized automobile excursions
is the famous "24-Hour Motor Detour." This is from Banff to
Golden, and gives a rapid survey of the "highlights" of the
nearer mountain region. Leaving Banff after lunch, a 42-mile
run is made to Lake Louise, and the night spent at the Chateau
Lake Louise. Next morning the journey continues to the
Great Divide, Wapta Lake, the Kicking Horse Pass, Yoho
Valley, Emerald Lake, the Kicking Horse Canyon, and Golden.
Similar schedules are established in the reverse direction.
This Detour is so timed as to waste no time, but to pick
through passengers up soon after their arrival at either Banff
(going westward) or Golden (going eastward), and to set them
down at the other end of the trip in time to take their train.
Special arrangements are made for handling baggage and
sleeping-car reservations. The length of the detour, including
a sight-seeing ride round Banff, is 142 miles.
We have issued a special detailed circular about this very attractive ex*
cursion, which can be procured from all Canadian Pacific agencies.
Banff-Windermere Road
THE famous Banff-Windermere Road, pioneer and still
perhaps the leader of the mountain roads, takes you into a
magnificent section. In length 1.4 miles, it runs from Banff
over the Vermilion Pass (altitude 5,264 feet) into Kootenay
National Park and then follows the Vermilion and Kootenay
Rivers until within a few miles of Sinclair Pass. Passing
through Sinclair Canyon, the road emerges after several miles
into the Columbia River Valley and soon reaches the beautiful
Lake Windermere.
To afford accommodation for those making this trip, the
Canadian Pacific has erected two bungalow camps en route.
These halts for either meals or sleeping accommodation are
conveniently spaced as to distance: they are Castle Mountain
Bungalow Camp (26 miles from either Banff or Lake Louise),
and Radium Hot Springs Camp (91 miles). Each has a central
club house for dining and recreational purposes, and sleeping
accommodation in separate log bungalows.
Lake Windermere is a centre for excursions up Toby Creek
and Horse Thief Creek to the great ice fields of the Selkirks.
Bathing, riding, boating, fishing and motoring can be enjoyed
on the shores of the lake.
The Columbia River Highway runs from Golden to Lake
Windermere, thus forming, in connection with the Banff-
Windermere Road and the Banff-Golden Road, a complete
circuit of three National Parks—Rocky Mountains, Yoho and
Kootenay. A very fine excursion, called "the Lariat Trail,"
occupying three days, is organized to leave Banff twice a week
in the summer months to embrace all these. Leaving Banff,
it proceeds to Castle Mountain, turns south along the Banff-
Windermere Road as far as Radium Hot Springs (where the
first night is spent), thence turns north to Golden and east
along the Kicking Horse Canyon to Emerald Lake (second
night). The third day it runs to Yoho Valley, Wapta Lake,
the Great Divide, Lake Louise and Banff.
Castle Mountain Bungalow, Camp - Banff-Windermere Road.
Other Motor Tours
LOCAL trips around Banff, Lake Louise, Yoho Valley and
Emerald Lake will be found described under those heads on
other pages.
The Columbia River Highway continues south of Lake
Windermere to Cranbrook, whence one can proceed to Spokane,
Seattle, Los Angeles or Vancouver; or, turning eastward,
through the Crow's Nest Pass to Macleod, Lethbridge, Calgary
or points south. Waterton Lakes Park can be reached from
this route.
Trail Riding
REFERENCE is made at various points in this publication
to saddle pony trips. A trail trip into the depths of the mountains forms, indeed, the most enjoyable way of visiting beautiful
spots that would not otherwise be easily accessible.
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, fool-proof, untiring,
can be ridden by practically anyone, whether he or she has ever
before been on a horse or not. From all hotels and bungalow
camps in the Canadian Rockies, there are good roads and trails
radiating in all directions, which are kept up by the National
Parks Department. Some trail trips are of one day's duration
only; others stretch over several days, necessitating carrying
camping outfit. It is customary on all long trips, and even on
some short ones, to engage guides who supply horses, tents, food,
etc., and do the necessary cooking. The new Circle Trail Ride
starting from Lake Louise will, however, simplify the problem
of packhorses, as every night but one will be spent in a bungalow
camp. j
Trail Riders
THOSE who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the
Canadian Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail
Riders of the Canadian Rockies, which affords an unusual
opportunity for those interested in trail-riding to get together.
The aims of the Trail Riders' Association are, principally, to
encourage travel on horseback through the Canadian Rockies,
to foster the maintenance and improvement of old trails and the
building of new trails, and to encourage the love of out-door life.
Membership is of several grades, according to the distance
ridden—50, 100, 500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles. There are now
1,100 members.
Official Ride
EACH year an annual "Pow-Wow" and Official Ride is held,
lasting several days and bringing together a large number of
men and women interested in the fine recreation of trail-riding
The 1929 Official Ride will be from Banff up Healy Creek over
the Simpson Pass, with a side trip to Egypt Lakes and then via
Shadow Lake and Twin Lakes over a new trail to Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp, where the Pow-Wow will be held—the
date of ride and Pow-Wow being August lst-4th.
A few days later, there will be a twenty day ride to the
Columbia Ice Fields, over Bow Pass from Lake Louise, limited
to twenty riders exclusive of guides. Those participating in
this long ride must have qualified by holding the silver button
(100 miles) or higher grades of button.
Rates for the Simpson Pass-Egypt Lakes ride, including
horse, food and share of tent, will be $50.00. Riders must bring
their own sleeping bags and blankets. Rates for the longer ride
on application to the Secretary-Treasurer. Reservations must be
made at least 14 days in advance to the Secretary-Treasurer
Mr. J. M. Gibbon, Room 324, Windsor Station, Montreal, Que!
Circle Rides
IN addition to this official ride, circle trail rides will be
operated during July and August around the Bungalow Camps
from Lake Louise on a trip lasting six days. Another circle
trail ride will be operated from Banff to Stoney Creek, Sawback
Lake and Mystic Lake. On this trip there is some magnificent
scenery and also, usually, good fishing.
These circle trips will leave on any day during these two
months, accompanied by guide, provided there is a minimum of
three persons. They are operated under the auspices of the
Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies. Reservations can be
made at the Livery Agencies office in all hotels and bungalow
camps. Rates for both these rides are $10.00 per day, inclusive
of pony, food and sleeping accommodation in either tents or
bungalow camps,—except for the Emerald Lake day, which
will be $12.00.
On to the Pacific
FROM Golden, the Canadian Pacific ascends the second of
the great backbone ranges, the Selkirks, and enters Glacier
National Park. The Selkirk Range, smaller in size than the
Rockies, is geologically much older; with its massive peaks and
giant glaciers, it has somewhat of an air of isolation and mystery
At the present time, there is no hotel or camp accommodation
Mount Revelstoke Park, close to Glacier, and altogether a
mountain-top one, provides a wonderful automobile trip. A
road has been constructed by the Government to the very
Sicamous, or Shuswap Lake, is a favorite stop-over point
for those who wish to view the mountain panorama entirely by
daylight. A charming hotel is operated here by the Canadian
Pacific. At Kamloops, the impressive canyon scenery of the
Thompson River begins, followed later by the Fraser River
A full description of this part of the Rockies, from Golden to
Vancouver, is contained in our booklet "Your Journey through
the Canadian Rockies" (obtainable from agencies or on transcontinental trains).
Page Eighteen I
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Lakes    in    the    Clouds
Reached by an easy hike or pony ride from Lake Louise
From a painting by Donald Maxwell
Page Nineteen f\/^ 9^P National Park (area 476 square miles) immediately
A adjoins Rocky Mountains Park along the crest of the
Great Divide. In this realm of winsome beauty there are
deep cool primeval forests, giant mountains, ancient white
expanses of glacier, foaming waterfalls, rushing rivers and
lakes of jade and sapphire. The Canadian Pacific Railway has
opened up this magnificent country to the tourist. Scattered
here and there, at convenient points throughout the Park, are
Bungalow Camps, Rest-Houses and Tea-Houses. All these
are linked up by excellent motor roads or trails.
Wapta Bungalow Camp
WAPTA Lake, a beautiful sheet of water that is the principal
source of the Kicking Horse River, lies high up near the Great
Divide. The Canadian Pacific circles one side, with a station
at Hector, while the motor road from Field to Lake Louise
is on the camp side. Since the opening of this highway it is
possible to drive over from Yoho to Wapta, passing the charming Kicking Horse Tea-House.
Like most of the Rocky Mountain lakes, the color of Wapta
is an indescribable green, varying in shade with every whim
of the atmosphere—jade, emerald, apple, grass—and looking
frequently as though gallons of rich yellow cream had been
poured into it. On its shores is Wapta Bungalow Camp, with
its community house and detached log cabins, which can accommodate altogether 58 guests. From the camp you can see stern
Mount Stephen (named after the first President of the Canadian
Pacific), Victoria with her gleaming opalescent scarf of snow
and ice, Narao and Cathedral Crags.
Two and a half miles of beautifully wooded trail will take
you to Sherbrooke Lake, which lies in a depression between
Mount Ogden and Paget Peak. In another direction is Ross
Lake, hidden between Niblock and Narao.
La\e O'Hara
LAKE O'Hara lies eight miles south of Wapta, and can be
reached by a splendid trail. Gaining the top of a barren plateau
on the other side of Lake Wapta you can look back on the
Bungalow Camp, which lies like a toy village strewn on the
slope of Paget Peak. The trail winds on, now ascending, now
descending, first through a jade temple of a forest, thence into
an Alpine flower garden, where the botanist could count seventy-
five varieties of wild flowers in half as many minutes. Delicate
as a muted harmony, many of them; others flame with regal
insolence, and the whole meadow is so thickly carpeted that
picking your way through it without damaging some of the
blossoms is utterly impossible.
The siren-song of a cascade calls; you push on, passing
through a grove. of spruces, and the richly colored waters of
Lake O'Hara invite your admiration. One's eyes are drawn up
and up to the glorious peaks that stand guard about this lovely
lake, the joy and despair of artists—Wiwaxy's jagged top
sharply defined against the skyline, the towering mass of Huber,
the white splendour of Victoria and Lefroy, and the encircling
majesty of Yukness, Hungabee, Biddle, Schaffer and Odaray,
with the vast towers of Cathedral in the distance.
La\e O'Hara Bungalow Camp
LAKE O'Hara Bungalow Camp is situated on a slight
elevation overlooking the lake, at its very edge, and the log
cabins cluster on the shore, encircled with pine and spruce.
Rooms can also be obtained in the Chalet. The Camp consists
of a central building and a group of log cabins, which together
accommodate 38, the former on the Swiss Chalet style, decorated in a rustic fashion.   O'Hara does not advertise modern
Wapta Bungalow Camp.
luxuries, but its grate fires, comfortable chairs, hot and cold
water baths, simple but well-cooked meals, and beds that are a
benediction to tired bodies take away the rough edges of
camping life.
There is another route to Lake O'Hara—going from Field
to the end of the motor road of the junction of the Ottertail
trail and thence via this trail along McArthur Creek and Pass.
La\e McArthur
EVERYBODY who visits O'Hara takes the trip to Lake
McArthur. The trail is good, and leads through meadow-
lands and up the ruggy stony shoulder of Mount Schaffer,
from whence there is a superb view of rugged Ottertail Valley.
McArthur is one of the largest lakes at such a high altitude
(7,359 feet) in the mountains. It is cupped in the Biddle
amphitheatre, absolutely barren of trees, and overhung on one
side by Schaffer and on the other side by Park Mountain.
McArthur is every conceivable fjhade of blue—aquamarine,
sapphire, cerulean; a glorious gem, its surface covered with
dancing points of silver—a vast shield of damascened steel.
Lake Oefd
LAKE Oesa is more inaccessible than McArthur. One
follows the trail around the lake from the Chalet to the foot of
the Seven Sisters Waterfall and clambers up a steep bit to a
plateau, and more steep bits to higher plateaus. In the bosom
of the highest one of all is Lake Oesa, which is smaller than
either O'Hara and McArthur, and neither so green as the one,
nor so blue as the other.   The very spirit of silence broods over
Oesa.   In its serenity it seems to be as remote from the living
world as if it were in the moon.
Abbot Pass
FROM Oesa you can cross Abbot Pass and descend to Lake
Louise. (See page 10.) This is not a trip for the unseasoned,
the inexperienced, or the foolhardy, for it is on foot over the
glaciers; but provided you have a sturdy constitution, a Swiss
guide, proper climbing clothes, and about eight hours of fair
weather, you can make this magnificent excursion easily enough.
The Toho Valley
THE Yoho Valley can be reached in several ways. Running
roughly at right angles to the Kicking Horse Pass, a motor-
road runs in from the main Lake Louise-Emerald Lake road as
far as the Bungalow Camp; so that it can be reached by motor
from either Lake Louise, Wapta, Field or Emerald Lake. There
are two ways in by trail, of which we will speak later.
The ride by motor is one of the finest drives in the Rockies
(round trip distance from Field, 22 miles; from Lake Louise,
42 miles). The road, crossing the Kicking Horse River, follows
the milky glacier-fed stream to where it joins the Yoho River,
near the entrance of the valley at Mount Field, round which it
swings, and up the valley until some precipitous cliffs are
The pine forest gives a welcome shade and fragrance, and,
as the way winds up the cliff to a higher level, the Yoho torrent
foaming below shrinks with distance. Up these it zigzags to
a higher level, ending a short distance past the Takakkaw
Falls. Takakkaw, the stream that comes down from the Daly
Glacier, is 1,200 feet high. It is not a river of water but a river
of foam, which drops with an oddly leisurely appearance.
Toho Valley Bungalow Camp
YOHO Valley Bungalow Camp, which has accommodation
for 64 people, is situated in a meadow within sight and sound of
Takakkaw Falls. It is an ideal place for hikers and riders;
and, like the other Bungalow Camps of the region, consists of
a central club house with separate wooden sleeping bungalows.
There are many fine trail rides from the Camp (the motor
road ending here), particularly into the upper valley and over
Summit Pass.   You will find them described on page 24.
Motor Services
MA>jT services between Lake Louise, Yoho Valley and
Emerald Lake, including the 24-Hour Motor Detour and the
Lariat Trail, all passing Wapta Lake.
Outdoor Trips in Toho "National Par\
Trail Trips.—Wapta, Yoho and Lake O'Hara Camps are on the
6-day Circle Trail Trip.    (See page 18.)
Wapta to Lake O'Hara (see above), Yoho Camp to Emerald
Lake, Upper Yoho Valley and Burgess Pass (see page 24).
Climbing.—See under Emerald Lake (page 24) and Abbot Pass
(page 10).
Fishing.—Occasionally some, in Wapta and Sherbrooke Lakes.
Map of the Roc\ies
WE draw your attention to the large map of the Canadian
Rockies which is insetted into this booklet. This map illustrates in a very graphic manner the territory in Rocky Mountains and Yoho National Parks. It can also be obtained
separately; address Canadian Pacific agencies, or General
Publicity Department, Montreal.
Page Twenty Lake    McArthur
Near Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
From a painting by Richard M. Kimbel Page Twenty-two Page Twenty-three yfLL the points in Yoho National Park at which accom-
>Hr modation is provided for visitors are linked up, either by
- motor road or good trail; and therefore Emerald Lake is
not only of itself one of the most popular centres, but also the
axis for excursions to other places mentioned on the preceding
Field, a little railway town and divisional point that nestles
at the foot of Mount Stephen—a giant that towers 6,500 feet
above to a height of 10,485 feet above sea-level—is the point
at which you descend from the train; or if you have come from
Banff or Lake Louise, the motor-road brings you past Field.
From the town it is seven miles out to Emerald Lake Chalet, (
by a fine road through the hush of a scented pine-forest.
Natural Bridge
SOON you reach Natural Bridge—an ineffectual effort on
the part of nature to curb the foaming passage of the Kicking
Horse by choking the river bed with huge boulders. A platform
has been built across the cataract for the convenience of visitors,
and on the other side there is a charming little Tea-House.
The road becomes Snowpeak Avenue—because at either end
of its straight cathedral-stiff avenue can be seen a towering,
snowcapped mountain.
Emerald La\e
THE superb green of Emerald Lake is beyond Nature's
achievement in any other lake in the Rockies. Tall pines crowd
to the water's edge to see their perfect reflection, and to see
inverted in the emerald mirror the snowy giants that surround
it. Burgess looms at one end of the lake, while more distant
are Wapta, Michael, President, Carnarvon and Emerald.
Emerald Lake has a fair supply of trout, and its vicinity
affords many charming excursions on foot or by trail. There
is a good trail all around the Lake, which is the shortest four
and a half miles you've ever walked, and perhaps the loveliest,
and another to Hamilton Falls. A boat-house provides skiffs
for water excursions.
The Chalet
EMERALD LAKE CHALET, on the southern shore, is
built of great squared timbers, fortress-like in their solidity,
surrounded by rus ic design chalets under whispering trees.
The settlement now consists of three units—the Chalet, the
Club House, and the bungalows.
The Chalet, originally built several years ago, and recently
enlarged, is along Swiss Chalet lines, with deep overhanging
balconies. It contains the office, the dining room, and many
bedrooms. The Club House is what its name implies; it is an
especial favorite at nights, either the verandah, with its magnificent sunset and moonlight views, or indoors, where a good
floor for dancing, comfortable chairs for lounging, card-tables,
a library and a great log fire provide entertainment for all.
The bungalows were built recently as an annexe to take care
of the overflow sleeping accommodation. They are of various
sizes, most daintily and comfortably furnished, with hot and
cold running water, bathrooms, stoves, clothes bureaux, etc.
All of them have their individual verandahs, and the larger
ones are 'en suite' with connecting doors. (Chalet open June 15
to September 15.)
Summit Pass
ONE of the finest trail trips from Emerald Lake, on the
back of a sturdy, sure-footed n ountain pony, is to the Summit—
the pass, that is to say, leading into the Yoho Valley. The
return journey can be made in four hours afoot or by pony, but
many people prefer to make it an all-day affair. Following the
road to the end of the Lake, you begin to climb up an eighteen
Snowpeak Avenue - The Way Out to Emerald Lake.
hundred foot treeless cliff, while more and more of the world
spreads out beneath you, and Emerald Lake far below grows
smaller and greener.
A last stiff pull and you are over the top, cantering gaily
through a cool moist forest, and then Summit Lake (or more
properly, Yoho Lake), green like Emerald, but not so large,
flashes in the clearing.
Here is situated a cosy little log-cabin Rest-House.
Toho Valley
FROM Summit Pass there is a good trail leading down to the
Yoho Valley^ coming out near the Bungalow Camp. The view
from the top is a magnificent one of wide vistas, with Takakkaw
Falls on the far side of the Valley.
Pausing near the Bungalow Camp, you can turn into the
Upper Yoho Valley. A beautiful trail winds up the valley to
Twin Falls and Yoho Glacier, passing Point Lace Falls, Angel's
Stairs and Laughing Falls. Yoho Glacier lies at the Valley's
end, a breath-taking wonderful sight. The curved top is of a
whiteness beyond anything but that of what it is—neve snow.
The lower seracs are each individualized in the clear air, with
subtle blue shadows. It does not give a sense of horror as do
some ice-fields; the beauty of it triumphs over that.
For the majority the ride up the valley to the culminating
glacier is enough for one day, and fortunately there is no need
to return, for opposite Twin Falls, (two fast columns that drop
amost perpendicularly), is Twin Falls Rest-House, with sleeping
accommodation overnight for five (but serving no meals).
The High Trail
YOU can return by the "High Trail," mounting through
Alpine meadows, carpeted with purple and white bryanthus,
till you come out of the scent of wild flowers and balsam high
over Yoho Valley. The sense of quiet disappears, and there
comes to you as you ride along the edge of a sort of natural
bastion the roar of waters and a sigh of wind. Across the
valley, the great Waputik snowfield and Takakkaw Falls glimmer in the westerning sun and you can pick out in that clear air
the faint black of the Canadian Pacific track going into the
Spiral Tunnels beyond the Kicking Horse River. Soon you
reach the Summit Lake again and the trail home.
Burgess Pass
OR from Summit Lake you can turn in another direction,
round on to Burgess Pass, altitude 7,150 feet. It is a wonderful
journey. The great crags of Wapta flaunt up to the left, and to
the right, at every step, there appear higher up new visions of
the President Range. The guide can point out to you the way
to the now well-known Burgess Pass I ossil Quarry, which was
discovered by Dr. Walcott in 1910, and has yielded to science
the finest and largest series of Middle Cambrian fossils yet
unearthed and the finest invertebrate fossils discovered in any
formation.   Descent can be made from the Pass to Field.
Motor Trips from Emerald La\e
Field.—Transfer at train time and on all other trips.
Lake Louise.—(See page 16.)    Twice daily.
Kicking Horse Tea-House and Wapta Camp—on all trips to
Lake Louise.
Yoho Valley.—On various trips.
Yoho  Circle  Tour.—Field, Yoho Valley, Emerald Lake and
Field.   Once daily.
Golden.—Once daily (see 24-Hour Motor Detour, page 18).
The Lariat Trail.—(See page 18) spends the second night at
Emerald Lake.
Ottertail Road, via Field, following south side of Kicking Horse
River—by arrangement.
Outdoor Trips at Emerald La\e
Trail Trips.—Over Summit Pass to Yoho Valley Camp, or by
branch into either the upper Yoho Valley or over Burgess
Pass to Field (see above).    Emerald Lake is on the 6-day
Circle Trail Trip (see page 18).
Climbing.—Mounts   President,   Vice-President,   Burgess   and
Wapta: at Field, Mount Stephen.    These are all fairly hard
climbs.    There is another fine climb from Field over Dennis
Pass between Mounts  Stephen and Dennis,  thence over
Duchesnay Pass and down to the Lake O'Hara trail.
Fishing.—Occasionally, in Emerald Lake.
Hints to Outdoors Fol\
IT should go without saying that no climbing, hiking or
riding trip in the mountains should be undertaken without
suitable clothing and equipment. Neither form of recreation
can be enjoyed in comfort without making proper provision.
Above everything else, good stout boots are the most important item. Women will find their ordinary clothes absolutely useless, and even dangerous; and for that matter men, too,
need to be suitably dressed. Intending outdoors folk should
obtain copy of a little leaflet, "What to Wear in the Rockies,"
written by Vai. A. Flynn, and obtainable through Canadian
Pacific agents or from Canadian Pacific Hotels.
Page Twenty-four Emerald   Lake
The beautiful gem of Yoho National Park
From a painting by Belmore Browne
Page Twenty-five Pape Twenty-8ix Page Twenty-seven The   Yoho   Valley
From the High Trail in the Upper Valley
From a painting by Lehnard Richmond, R.B.A., R.O.I.  A    I    R    H    O     L    M    E
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