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Eastern tours through the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1918

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ANADIAN ACIFIC   OCKIES '■?/$
HOTEL SYSTEM
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
1918
Name of Hotel, Plan, Distance from Station and
Transfer Charge
Altitude
Season
i
§
CE
e
Z
Rate
Per Day
Single
Meals
St.Andrews, N. B.
The Algonquin   A
1 mile—25 cents
150
June 20-
Sept. 15
200
$6.00 up
( B.$1.00
< L.  1.25
( D. 1.50
McAdam, N. B.
McAdam Station Hotel A
At Station
445
All year
16
3.00 up
I B.    .75    !
\ L.    .75
(D.    .75
Quebec, Que.
Chateau Frontenac E
1 mile—50 cents
300
All year
375
2.00 up
a la carte
Montreal, Que.
Place Viger Hotel E
At Place Viger Station.
VA miles from Windsor
Station—50 cents
57
All year
125
1.50 up
a la carte
Winnipeg, Man.
The Royal Alexandra. . E
At Station
760
All year
475
2.00 up
a la carte
Calgary, Alta.
Palliser E
At Station
3425
All year
315
2.00 up
a la carte
Banff, Alta.
Banff Springs Hotel... . E
VA miles—25 cents
4625
May 15-
Sept. 30
350
2.00 up
a la carte
Lake Louise, Alta.
Chateau Lake Louise.. . E
3lA miles—50 cents
Narrow Gauge Railway-
5670
June 1-
Sept. 30
365
2.00 up
a la carte
Field, B. C.
Mt. Stephen House.... A
At Station
40G6
All year
65
4.00 up
1.00
Emerald Lake (near Field
B.C.)
Emerald Lake Chalet. . A
7 miles—$1.00
4066
June 15-
Sept. 30
16
4.00 up
1.00
Glacier, B. C.
Glacier House A
1'2 miles from station
by carriage road
4086
June 15-
Sept. 30
90
4.00 up
1.00
Sicamous, B. C.
Hotel Sicamous A
At Station
1146
All year
60
3.50 up
1.00
Penticton, B. C.
Hotel Incola      A
Near steamer wharf
All year
62
3.00 up
.75
Cameron Lake, B. C.
Cameron Lake Chalet.. A
Vancouver Island
May 1-
Sept. 30
3.50
Vancouver, B. C.
Hotel Vancouver E
Vz mile—25 cents
100
All year
650
2.00 up
a la carte
Victoria, B. C.
Empress Hotel E
Transfer—25 cents
Sea
Level
All year
320
2.00 up
a la carte
A—American.    E—European.    Rates subject to alteration. Victoria, B. C, Showing the Harbour,
the Parliament Buildings and the Empress Hotel
THE discovery of a route across the Rockies
for the Canadian Pacific Railway took
twelve years, but never was labor better
rewarded. The last spike connecting East
and West was driven thirty-three years ago, on
November 7, 1885, and the millions who have
since travelled along this wonderful highway,
cut out of the precipitous cliffs of the Fraser
Canyon, winding under the snow-capped peaks
of three vast ranges, crossing and recrossing
foaming torrents deep down below—these
millions have on eunanimous thought, that for
sheer grandeur the Canadian Pacific Railway
is without rival.
It takes twenty-four consecutive hours on
an express train to cross the Canadian Pacific
Rockies. The wise man breaks his journey so
that he can see it all by daylight, and to assist
this praiseworthy intention, the Canadian Pacific
has constructed mountain hotels at convenient
points along the line, where one may rest and
perhaps spend some time exploring among the
glaciers, riding on sure-footed ponies on the
mountain trails, or climbing with experienced
Swiss guides the peaks which prick the sky
in such profusion. Sicamous is a half-way
house   between   Vancouver  and   Calgary,   and
EASTERN TOURS
those who have no time to stop off elsewhere, but
still wish to make an all-daylight trip through the
mountains, will find here a comfortable hotel.
After the Rockies come 900 miles of prairie-
fertile farming land, the bread-basket of the
British Empire. Then a thousand miles of
romantic forest and stream and rock, or if
you choose to vary the rail journey, take ship
at Fort William for the Great Lakes and pass
through Sault Ste. Marie to Lake Huron and
eastern Ontario. Toronto, within easy reach
of Niagara Falls, Ottawa, the capital of the
Dominion, Montreal, under the shadow of
Mount Royal, Quebec, the fortress city commanding the St. Lawrence—these are surely
not to be passed by too quickly. Here we
are on historic ground, of vital interest to
Americans as well as Canadians. For Quebec,
in the old French Canadian days, and even
later under the British flag, held sway over
the great country south of the Great Lakes,
with outposts on the Mississippi.
A stop-over of at least one day at each of
the Canadian Pacific Hotels in the mountains-
Glacier, Field, Emerald Lake, Lake Louise, and
Banff—should be arranged.
Travelling over the Canadian Pacific during
the summer is most delightful, because of the
comparatively cool temperature in the mountains
north of the international boundary line.
DASSENGERS from California have the
■ choice of either a rail trip or a sea voyage
from San Francisco to Portland or Seattle.
To Victoria and Vancouver, from Seattle,
the Canadian Pacific Railway operates the
magnificent "Princess" steamers. The fastest
and best equipped on the Pacific coastwise
trade, these have an average speed of eighteen
knots per hour, and are in constant touch by
wireless with land stations en route. This is
the most enjoyable 165-mile sheltered water trip
in America, and passengers travelling eastward
from California or points in the Pacific States via
the Canadian Pacific Railway may include this
delightful steamer trip without additional expense.
The scenery is of ever-changing beauty.
VICTORIA
CHARMINGLY situated on Vancouver
Island, overlooking the Straits of Juan
de Fuca, Victoria has been aptly described as
being a transported section of Old England.
It is distinctly a home city, although its enterprising business district, composed of imposing
IAN
IFIC'R 'f/J?
stores and tall office buildings, speaks of a
rich commerce drawn from a territory full of
mineral and agricultural resources. Victoria's
beauty lies in her residential districts, her
boulevards, her parks and her public buildings,
The parliament buildings of British Columbia
rank among the handsomest in America.
The Empress Hotel, first of the chain of Canadian
Pacific hostelries, is the most beautiful hotel on the
North Pacific Coast. It overlooks the inner harbour and
is within a stone's throw of the Parliament buildings.
Golf facilities provided for visitors to the hotel.
From Victoria delightful excursions may be made
into the interior of Vancouver Island either by automobile or by the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The
Malahat Drive is one of the most picturesque motor
roads in America. Excellent hotels are to be found at
Shawnigan Lake and Qualicum Beach and a delightful
little chalet inn at Cameron Lake. Mount Arrowsmith
provides a very interesting climb and Qualicum Beach has
a good sporting golf course. There is no better fishing
on the Pacific Coast than that which one finds on the
Campbell River, reached by motor from Courtenay, the
northern terminus of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway,
The immense Douglas fir forests on this beautiful island
and the balmy climate make it wonderfully attractive
to the tourist.
VANCOUVER
THE terminal of the Canadian Pacific's
transcontinental rail lines and its Trans-
Pacific steamship routes, is the largest commercial centre in British Columbia.
Vancouver rests on the shores of Burrard
Inlet and has an excellent harbour nearly
landlocked and fully sheltered. It faces a
beautiful range of mountains that are tipped
with snow the year round. Two peaks, silhouetted against the sky, remarkably resembling
two couchant lions, are visible from almost any
point in the city or on the harbour, which has
been appropiately termed 'The Lions' Gate."
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and
shingle mills, having big payrolls and tremendous outputs. Mining, lumbering, farming and shipping and shipbuilding form the bulwark of the city's growth and
prosperity.
Hotel Vancouver (with over 600 rooms), of the Canadian Pacific Hotel System, is second to none on the
Pacific Coast, and has a high reputation for the excellence of its service. Wonderful views can be had from
the  roof.
It is only a short run by Canadian Pacific steamer
to Nanaimo, where the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway
connects with the beauty spots of Vancouver Island.
From Vancouver the Company's famous "Princess"
steamships offer splendid service to Victoria, Seattle,
northern British Columbia, and Alaska; the "White
Empresses" cross the Pacific to Japan, China and Manila.
The Canadian-Australasian Line runs regularly from
Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and
Australia.
WINDING along for 500 continuous miles
east of Vancouver the main line of the
Canadian Pacific leads through scenery such
as can  be found  nowhere else on earth.    But
d\ few miles out of Vancouver the steel trail
begins to twist and turn its way through a
digantic fairyland of unbelievable beauty and
magnificence. The stupendous masses of rock,
piled literally to the sky, crowned with scintillating snow which reflects back the sunlight
in all the colors of the spectrum, are only a
part of the panorama unreeled, mile by mile,
as the train proceeds.
Petain is the junction for the Kettle Valley
Railway, a new branch line to the orchards
of the southern Okanagan Valley and the
Kootenays, the mining districts of southern
British Columbia, and the prairies of southern
Alberta, thus providing an interesting alternative route to the main line.
After leaving Hope, the railway passes through a
spectacular series of tunnels pierced through high cliffs
overlooking the deep canyon of the Coquihalla River.
There is good trout fishing at Othello and, indeed, all
the way up the river to Summit. Jessica is the third
station within about two miles or so of Ladner Creek,
in a district of great natural beauty. At Portia the
railway reaches an elevation of about 2,000 feet
above sea level. The country has a very rocky,
mountainous aspect at the next station, which is called
lago, to keep up the Shakespearean tradition. Near
Romeo there is a charming view looking up towards
a bald, rocky mountain from Slide Creek bridge.
Coquihalla Summit is opposite two delightful lakes.
From this point the track falls both ways, the average
gradient  going  west   being  about  2.2  per cent, whilst
*"Zk
iiraoG Glacier and the lllecillewaet Valley, from Mount Cheops
In the Foreground Is Mount Abbott (8,081 Feet).    Mount Avalanche (9,387 Feet), Eagle Peak (8,043 Feet) and Sir Donald (10,808 Feet) on the Left.    Ross Peak (7,718 Feet) on the Right •
that going east is much lighter, or about 1 per cent.
The elevation of Coquihalla Summit is about 3,300 feet
above sea level. The lakes are full of trout and are
most interesting from a geological point of view on
account of the many crater holes in the formation,
caused, it is supposed, from gaseous emanations in ages
past. Juliet, the next station, is eternally separated
from Romeo by the summit. At Slide Creek therp are
some picture rocks, rude representations of a horse,
supposed to have been painted by the Indians at some
remote date. Penticton, at the lower end of Okanagan
Lake, is half way house to Nelson, and as such has an
excellent hotel, The Incola. The balmy, equable climate
of the lower Okanagan Valley, the excellent motoring,
the delightful bathing, the opportunities for motor-
boating, sailing, fishing, and, at the proper seasons, for
hunting, combine to make this an ideal holiday resort.
Penticton is in the centre of one of the most fertile
orchard districts in British Columbia and as such has
a well-settled community to take part in any social
activities. Penticton is also the southern terminus of
the Canadian Pacific steamers plying on the Okanagan
Lake, the northern terminus being Okanagan Landing,
which has excellent train service through Vernon to
Sicamous, on the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway. From Penticton the railway climbs up through
the benches to a height which commands a magnificent
view of Okanagan Lake, then descends through forest-
clad ranges by romantic canyons till the farms and
settlements of the lower Kettle Valley are reached.
After the junction is made with the Canadian Pacific
Railway at Midway, the train passes by lake and
mountain till the beautiful defile of the Columbia River
is reached. Out of the windows one looks down upon
the sapphire waters of that noble stream, flanked by
tall trees and overtowering heights. The train reaches
Nelson in the evening and though the boat for the East
does not leave till next morning, one can go straight on
board to one's comfortable berth.
North Bend is situated in the heart of the
Fraser Canyon, amid awe-inspiring surroundings. The Canyon of the Thompson is entered
between North Bend and Ashcroft. Its angry
waters rush along in a perfect maelstrom.
Kamloops is in the centre of an orchard
district and provides, at Fish Lake, wonderful
trout fishing.
At Sicamous the traveller may take ;the
branch line train to Vernon and other points
in the Okanagan Valley. At Sicamous the
Canadian Pacific Railway has a comfortable
hotel, which forms an excellent headquarters
for those who wish to stay over for the daylight
trip through the mountains.
From Revelstoke (see page 6 for Alternative
Route) the line passes through Twin Butte to
Albert Canyon.   Just east of the station the
train runs suddenly along the very brink of
several remarkably deep fissures in the solid
rock, whose walls rise straight up hundreds
of feet on both sides to wooded crags, above
which sharp distant peaks cut the sky. The
most impressive of these canyons is the Albert,
where the river is seen nearly one hundred and
fifty feet below the railway, compressed into a
boiling flume scarcely twenty feet wide.
GLACIER A  CLIMBING  CENTER
KIEAR the summit of the Selkirk Range
■^ lies Glacier, in the midst of a region of
mighty peaks and glaciers. Seeming but a
few hundred feet away from the hotel, but in
reality more than two miles, the massive ice
piles of the great lllecillewaet Glacier heap up.
To its left towers the monolith of Mount Sir
Donald to a height of a mile and a quarter above
the railway. Here another of the Canadian
Pacific's mountain hotels affords an opportunity
for a delightful sojourn.
Leading from the hotel, a good trail follows the
turbulent course of the lllecillewaet River to the Great
lllecillewaet Glacier and valley; other trails branch off
in all directions, inviting and leading the mountain-
climber, explorer and lover of Nature to scenes of
marvelous grandeur and enchanting beauty. Glacier
Crest, Lake Marion and Observation Point are among
the shorter and easier ascents. Mount Abbot is a
day's climb, but not a difficult one. From its summit
an exceptionally fine view is obtained of the Asulkan
Valley. Easy trails also lead up to the summits of
Eagle Peak and Mount Avalanche. The ascent of
Mount Sir Donald is more difficult, but with the assistance of experienced guides may readily be accomplished.
An excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier,
through scenes of Alpine splendor, and the marble-
flowered Caves of Nakimu are only distant about
seven miles from Glacier House by carriage road and
bridle path. These wonderful caverns have been formed
by the action of water for ages upon the solid rock, and
form a series of chambers with large entrances, polished
rock ceilings, and walls which sparkle with quartz
crystals and reflect myriads of miniature lights.
After leaving Glacier Station the train enters
the double-track Connaught Tunnel, the longest
tunnel in North America, which pierces its way
through Mount Macdonald. From portal to portal
this tunnel measures five miles, but so straight
is the line that the exits are never out of sight.
The train now descends the eastern slopes
of the Selkirks into the upper Columbia Valley,
where, at  Golden, a   branch   line   runs  south
through the lovely Windermere district, with its
newly settled farms and orchards. Access to a
wonderful hunting and Alpine climbing region is
obtained from this great valley. (See page 10.)
Near Golden is Edelweiss, in which the Swiss
guides attached to the Canadian Pacific hotels
h|ave their farms and homes.
FIELD AND  THE YOHO  VALLEY
A STOP-OVER for the night at the Mount
** Stephen House at Field, another of the
Canadian Pacific's mountain hotels, gives one
t|ie opportunity of seeing one of the most
picturesque districts in the Canadian Rockies.
DRIVES AND  PONY TRIPS
ETMERALD   LAKE,  seven   miles  distant,   is   reached
by a good carriage road down the bank of the
Kicking Horse River, and thence around the base of
Mount Burgess. On the wooded shore of this beautiful
lake the Company has built a picturesque Swiss chalet
It is an extremely beautiful fourteen-mile drive to
the celebrated Takakkaw Falls, of the Yoho Valley, a
sijlver thread of glacial origin dropping 1,200 feet into
a still and mighty-treed valley. A trail continues up
the valley, past Laughing Falls, and the great Wapta
Glacier to the curious Twin Falls, two immense jets
of spray that unite in mid-air. The trail leads to a
point above the falls from which a wonderful view may
be obtained. Other pleasant excursions from Field
may be made to points of interest within a short distance
of Field—such as the Fossil Beds, Aerial Silver Mines,
Natural Bridge and Monarch Mine Cabins.
Between Field and Hector, near the summit
of the Rockies, one of the greatest engineering
feats of the century has been accomplished.
To reduce the steep grade of the western slope
of the Rockies, the line has been lengthened,
and two immense spiral tunnels have been
driven through the solid rock, each tunnel with
approaches making a complete loop of track.
LAKE  LOUISE,  PEARL  OF THE  ROCKIES
IT IS three and a half miles by narrow-gauge
1 motor line from the Canadian Pacific Railway
station to Lake Louise.
Lake Louise bears the liquid music, the soft
color notes of its name into the realm of the
visible. Behind its turquoise mirror rise the
stark immensities of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria,
the latter, "the big snow mountain above the
Lake of Little Fishes," of which the wandering
Stonies used to tell.    Here, on the margin of this
IAN«
IF I  ■HROUC>    THE
most perfect lake, the Canadian Pacific has placed
its Chateau in one of those wonderful upland
flower gardens in which the Rockies abound.
Yellow violets and columbines, white anemones
and green orchids, make merry with the red-
flowered sheep laurel and the bright Iceland
poppy. Be he never so lazy, the tourist has
something to reward him in this gay garden
backed with the rich-toned lake and the milky
green of the glacier.    One writer says:
"In the lake, ever changing, is Beauty herself, as nearly visible to mortal eyes as she may
ever be. The water, beyond the flowers, is
green, always a different green. Then a little
wind awakes in the distance and ruffles the
surface, yard by yard, covering it with a myriad
tiny wrinkles, till the lake is milky emerald
while the rest still sleeps. And at length the
whole is astir and the sun catches it and Lake
Louise is a web of laughter, the opal distillation
of all the buds of all the Spring."
DRIVES AND  PONY TRIPS AT  LAKE  LOUISE
pROM Lake Louise (altitude 5,670 feet) good trails
lead to the principal features of interest in the
vicinity. It is an easy ascent to Mirror Lake (altitude,
6,550 feet) and Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,820 feet) which
literally nestle amid the clouds, encircled by majestic
peaks. The trail continues to the Big Beehive,
commanding magnificent views of mountains, lakes and
glaciers. It is a three-mile trip to Saddleback Mountain,
which commands an inspiring view of the famous Paradise
Valley. At a distance of aboutten miles is Moraine Lake,
situated at the head of the valley of the Ten Peaks, and
reached over a good carriage road recently constructed.
Good camping facilities are afforded on the shore of the lake
in the midst of scenic surroundings of surpassing beauty
and grandeur. The Victoria Glacier, a great palisade of
hanging snow, Abbot Pass, a deep canyon between Mounts
Victoria and Lefroy, O'Hara Lake, set amid surroundings of
wild Alpine grandeur, Cataract Creek, Paradise Valley and
the Ptarmigan Lakes, are among the notable spots well
worthy of a visit.
BANFF
FOR many years Banff, the gateway to the
Canadian National Park, has attracted
tourists and lovers of Nature from all corners
of  the   earth.    Situated   in   the   heart  of  the
Canadian Rockies, in the midst of primeval
surroundings, with a wilderness of untrodden
crags and peaks radiating in every direction
and abounding in game of large and small
variety, it bids the sportsman, the naturalist, and
the mountain-climber welcome. The traveller
seeking a holiday can find all his wants supplied at the finest mountain hotel in the world,
the Canadian Pacific Banff Springs Hotel,
recently much enlarged. Sulphur springs and
bathing pools, also an excellent golf course
and tennis court, form some of the many
attractions at this resort.
PONY  TRIPS  AND   DRIVES  AT  BANFF
"THERE are many interesting spots in the vicinity,
all easily accessible by good carriage roads and
bridle paths. A short distance from Banff Springs
Hotel are the Bow Falls, a cataract of wonderful
beauty; Tunnel Mountain, from which a splendid view
of the valley is obtained, and the Cave and Basin, a
remarkable formation from which gush natural sulphur
springs. Within a radius of three miles are the Hoodoos,
natural concrete pillars of various shapes and sizes,
Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw Mountain, the beautiful Vermilion Lakes, the animal paddocks and Sun
Dance Canyon, a deep and curious cleft in the mountain.
At a distance of nine miles is Lake Minnewanka, a
pretty sheet of water, extremely deep, and walled in
by tremendous cliffs. The lake is sixteen miles long,
with a width of from one to two miles. Two steam
launches make the round trip daily. There are attractive automobile trips, as for instance to Johnston Canyon,
through which an excellent trail has recently been cut to
a great waterfall.
CALGARY
OOON after leaving Banff the country changes
^ in character, and instead of viewing a sea
of mountain peaks and snow-capped ranges,
prosperous ranches and farms are spread out
on either side of the tracks. Calgary enjoys the
distinction of being the largest city in the
fertile and prosperous Province of Alberta.
Calgary is the headquarters of the great
irrigation system of the Canadian Pacific Railway. This is the largest undertaking of its kind
in America and is well worth a visit. From
Calgary a branch line runs to Edmonton, the
capital of Alberta.
At Calgary the Canadian Pacific Railway
operates another immense hotel, The Hotel
Palliser, undoubtedly the most imposing structure in Calgary. Externally the building is
French Renaissance. It comprises ten floors,
with a roof garden and sun parlor on the roof,
from which a magnificent view of the snowcapped Rockies can be had. There are no
"inside rooms" in the Palliser, it being so
built that every room gets sufficient light. A
magnificent ball room and palm room are other
attractive features.
Medicine Hat, called by Kipling "the town
that was born lucky," is lighted with natural
gas, the low price of which has attracted many
industries to this city.
ALTERNATIVE  TRIP  FROM   REVELSTOKE
TO   MEDICINE  HAT
"THOSE who leave the main line of the Canadian
Pacific at Revelstoke, find a delightful and fascinating alternative route to Medicine Hat, via Arrowhead, at the head of the beautiful Arrowhead Lakes,
by steamer to West Robson, thence by rail to Nelson,
where steamer is again taken on the charming Kootenay
River to Kootenay Landing, connecting with the Crowsnest Pass Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Kootenay Landing to Medicine Hat the route
leads through the rich mining regions of the Kootenay
and the vast agricultural districts of southern Alberta,
via the Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific
Railway. At Medicine Hat the main line of the
Canadian Pacific is again resumed.
EASTWARD  FROM   SPOKANE
pROM Spokane and Kingsgate one may join the
Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific, through
a romantic mining region to Medicine Hat, on
the main line. From Medicine Hat easterly the line
of travel includes Swift Current and Moose Jaw, also
on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At
Moose Jaw the traveller has another choice, and may
go to Chicago via St.Paul and Minneapolis, or via
St.Paul and Sault Ste. Marie to Montreal, travelling
over the Soo Line, or may continue over the main line
of the Canadian Pacific to Montreal. If desired,
tickets will be routed via Winnipeg and St.Paul. Certain
tickets allow stop-over privileges at all the large cities in
Canada, and the option of at least two different routes,
but routes must be selected prior to purchasing ticket.
From Spokane another route is through  the   beautiful   '?/2
Kootenay and Arrow Lakes, via Kingsgate, Nelson, West
Robson and Arrowhead, to Revelstoke, on the main line
of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
KOOTENAY CENTRAL RAILWAY
A NEW alternative route of exceptional beauty
" leaves the main line at Golden and goes south
through the valley lying between the Rockies and
the Selkirk Mountains to join the Crowsnest Branch
at Colvalli. The Windermere district is a centre in
this valley for excursions up Toby Creek and Horse
Thief Creek to the great glaciers of the Selkirks, and
has a comfortable tourist hotel at Invermere, near
Athalmer.
/CONTINUING our journey across the prairies from
^ Medicine Hat, the most important towns passed
on the way to Winnipeg are: Swift Current,
Moose Jaw, Regina, Indian Head, Brandon and Portage
la Prairie. Regina is the headquarters of the Royal
Northwest Mounted Police.
WINNIPEG
OITUATED at the confluence of the Red and the
^ Assiniboine rivers, both navigable by steamers,
Winnipeg handles more wheat than any other
port on the North American continent. It is the capital
of the Province of Manitoba. Formerly it was the
Hudson's Bay Company's chief trading post, Fort
Garry. A network of rail lines connect Winnipeg with
all parts of the continent in much the same way as
Chicago is linked to all parts of North America. Here
the Canadian Pacific Railway has the largest individual
railway yards in the world, having more than 300 miles
of trackage. The Canadian Pacific Railway has a magnificent hotel at Winnipeg, the Royal Alexandra.
From Winnipeg a branch line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway runs south, connecting at Emerson with the
train service of the Soo Line to Minneapolis, St.Paul
and Chicago. A through train is operated between
Winnipeg and the Twin Cities.
Leaving Winnipeg and Manitoba at Ingolf, the Lake
of the Woods district in Ontario is entered, where
flour mills, pulp mills and sawmills are in operation
day and night. The prairies are left behind and the
traveller passes through a picturesque region of forests,
lakes, rivers, rocks and ravines to Fort William and
Port Arthur, at the head of the Great Lakes. Fort
William is situated at the mouth of the Kaministiquia
River, a broad, deep stream, with firm banks, affording
extraordinary advantages for lake traffic. The fine
steel lake steamships of the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company ply between here and Port McNicoll, thus
giving the tourist practically a water route to Toronto.
Conveniences to be found only on trans-oceanic steamers
are to be had on these magnificent passenger steamships.
GREAT LAKES TRIP
DY BOARDING a Canadian Pacific Railway steamer
at Fort William, the traveller may travel down
the Kaministiquia River, passing Port Arthur on
Thunder Bay, thence across the bay and rounding
Thunder Cape, directly across Lake Superior to Sault
Ste. Marie, a large manufacturing city. From here
the route followed is down St.Mary's River, through
the new channel of Hay Lake and across Lake Huron
and Georgian Bay to Port McNicoll, where a transfer
from boat to train is made, and the traveller reaches
Toronto.
NIPIGON  AND  SUDBURY
FOLLOWING on by the main line, at
■Nipigon, situated at the mouth of the
Nipigon River, fishermen from many, many
miles gather yearly to capture the speckled
trout, averaging from three to eight pounds.
Sudbury is the junction point, where the main
line of the Canadian Pacific to Toronto leaves
the main line to Montreal. This gives the
third optional route from Winnipeg to Montreal,
viz., one lake and one rail, via Toronto, and
one direct via the Sudbury-Montreal main
line. Within a few miles of Sudbury, and
reached by two short lines of railway, are the
most extensive copper and nickel deposits known
in the world.
SOO  LINE  CONNECTION   FROM
TWIN  CITIES
AT SUDBURY the important subdivision—which
" crosses the St.Mary's River on an immense steel
bridge at Sault Ste. Marie, and which follows
the north shore of Lake Huron—joins the main line.
Through trains, having every modern improvement,
are operated via this route from Minneapolis and
St.Paul to Montreal. Connection is also made at
Sault Ste. Marie with trains from Duluth.
TORONTO
XA/ITH over 500,000 inhabitants, Toronto
" holds second place among the cities of
Canada and is growing rapidly in population,
wealth and industry. It is noted for its beautiful
residential districts, its high buildings, its well-
lighted and paved streets,spacious parks, excellent
boulevards and also for its Fair, attended each
year by nearly one million visitors. The Canadian Pacific Railway's office building here is
one of the landmarks of the city.
From Toronto there are many short and very
interesting trips to pleasure resorts and places of picturesque and historical interest.
Unmatched Niagara is but eighty miles by rail, and
thirty miles by water, away from Toronto. The
Canadian Pacific gives a free trip to the Falls and
return to all passengers over the Canadian Pacific Railway, from Winnipeg or points west, to points in the
United States south or east of Sherbrooke, Que., Newport or Swanton, Vt., or Rouses Point, N. Y. Also to
passengers en route to Europe, holding transportation
via the Canadian ports.
Those who make their eastbound journey by way of
Toronto have the option of travelling from Toronto by the
Lake Ontario Shore Line of the Canadian Pacific Railway
to Montreal, or via Peterboro. Tickets between Toronto
and Montreal will be honored via Ottawa if desired.
OTTAWA
THE capital of the Dominion is picturesquely
situated at the junction of the Rideau and
Ottawa rivers. The residence of His Excellency
the Governor-General, Duke of Devonshire—
Rideau Hall—is within the city limits.
MONTREAL
FAST trains connect Toronto, Ottawa and
Montreal, the largest city of Canada.
Montreal has a population of over 760,000 and
is the headquarters for the Canadian Pacific
Railway. From Mount Royal, after which the
city was named, Montreal appears spread out
like an immense relief map. One may spend
hours on the summit of this mountain gazing
on the magnificent panorama of the city and the
St. Lawrence River. The Canadian Pacific Place
Viger Hotel is one of the city's best.
QUEBEC
FROM Montreal it is but a few hours' ride
over the Canadian Pacific Railway to
Quebec, which, with its old-time walled city,
its Chateau Frontenac, the excellent Canadian
Pacific hotel, its French-speaking population,
crooked streets, curious vehicles, and its
enchanting atmosphere, is easily the most
romantic place in Canada. The Chateau Frontenac, built on the site of the old Chateau St.Louis,
is a modern hotel built on the pattern of an
old chateau, commanding magnificent views of
the great St. Lawrence River.
\J^p  '?/2
^ N ■ TOURS > TNPOUQH'THEI^Bg:  '9/2
ST. JOHN-HALIFAX
SCENERY through delightful hills, well-kept
farming districts and country filled with
bits of lakes, brooks and streams is to be
seen on both sides of the track in travelling
from Montreal to St.John and Halifax, or any
of the other pretty cities or towns of the maritime provinces. St.Andrews-by-the-Sea is one
of the most attractive golfing resorts in Canada.
Here the Canadian Pacific has built a charming
fireproof summer hotel, the Algonquin, much
frequented by Americans as well as by the
leaders in Canadian society. St.John and
Halifax are both busy, progressive seaports. In
Nova Scotia, along the Dominion Atlantic Railway, "Evangeline Land" and Acadia attract
thousands every year, for time has been lenient
in its treatment of these places, which have been
themes for historians and poets for two hundred
years.
Three routes from Montreal to New York
present themselves: The tourist may continue
by way of Lakes Champlain and George and
by the Hudson River, or via the all-rail routes
through the Adirondacks, through the State
of Vermont, or along the shore of Lake
Champlain.
Those en route to Portland, Me., or Boston,
Mass., may travel through the interesting
White and Green Mountains to their destination
on the Atlantic Coast, reached by the Canadian
Pacific and its connections from Montreal.
EVANGELINE  LAND,   NOVA SCOTIA
ACROSS the Bay of Fundy from St.John,
New Brunswick, lies the historic coast of
Nova Scotia, so full of romance, so beautiful
to the eye that the hearts of those who visit
it are kept in one perpetual enchantment.
Digby and the little fishing villages on this
coast of giant tides, Annapolis Royal, with
memories of Champlain and the first adventurous explorers from Old France, the orchard
and dairy land of the Annapolis Valley, Evangeline's country of Grand Pre and Blomidon, and
Minas Basin, the scene of the Great Banishment
of the Acadians—these have a charm that well
might draw the traveller across the continent
from the Pacific.
Cool, picturesque, hospitable and entirely
unconventional, the "Land of Evangeline" is
just the place where the average man who
loves to bathe in salt water or angle in fresh
water; who likes boating that is exciting, but
not too hazardous; hill-climbing that is not too
strenuous; hotel life that is not too fashionable,
and farmhouse hospitality that is typically
Canadian, can find his or her heart's desire.
This ocean-washed, breeze-caressed peninsula, that is almost an island, is big enough to
accommodate ten million summer visitors without over-crowding. It is difficult to get away
from the sight or smell of the salt water in
any part of it. Even the atmosphere of the
orchard - filled, blossom - scented valleys is
tinctured with it. Nowhere is there ozone with
the same subtle qualities.
And bathing, boating and fishing are by no
means the whole story of Nova Scotia summer
vacation life. The continent affords no finer
facilities for driving, "camping-out," golfing and
hunting, nor is there a better place on the
"foot-stool" for the enjoyment of that simplest
and most satisfying of all forms of summer
"loafing," life on a farm.
All this country is served by the Dominion
Atlantic Railway in connection with the Canadian Pacific Railway. Wolfville is the chief
centre for visitors to the "Land of Evangeline."
"Before the windows of Wolfville," says
C. G. D. Roberts, the well-known writer, "enrolls
a superb view — marshes, of pale green,
reclaimed from the sea by the spades of old-
time Acadian farmers; sharp strips of red or
orange-tawny flats, where the retreating tide
has left the beach uncovered; to the left front
a well-grouped cluster of white cottages, spires
and masts about a bridge—the shipping village
of Port Williams; the long, low lines of green
upland outstretching from either side to almost
the centre of the picture—the delicious summer
retreats of Starr's Point and Long Island;
between them and beyond, away to the far-
blue barrier of the Parrsboro shore, the restless
waters of Minas Basin, yellow in the foreground,
but in the distance purple, sapphire green, or
silver, as changing hour and changing sky
may decree; and in the middle distance, dominating all the scene with its mass of sombre
indigo, the majestic bastion of Blomidon out-
thrust against the tides. These are effects of
full daylight; but by the aerial magic of sunrise
(too seldom seen!) and the voluptuous sorcery
of sunset such transformations are wrought as
make the scene an ever-changing realm of
faery."
Three miles distant, to the east, is Grand
Pre itself, now a rich but scattered farming
settlement. It is on the line of the Dominion
Atlantic, and travellers who are passing through
obtain from the car windows a good view of
the scene of the Great Banishment. There are
the storied meadows, and there, close to the
station, are willows planted by Acadian hands.
On the slope behind the station are gnarled
French apple trees and stiff French poplars,
and a short way further on is the Gaspereau
mouth, where the exiles embarked.
The ancient Acadian village, which Colonel
Winslow and his New Englanders depopulated
so effectually in that eventful Autumn of 1755,
is supposed to have extended in a long, thin
line from about where the Grand Pre' station
of the Dominion Atlantic now stands to somewhere near the next station of Horton Landing.
Then, as now, the Acadians trailed their villages
along a single street. Close to the station is
a row of gnarled willows, whose branches
perchance tell over to the young leaves of each
recurring spring what they saw of Evangeline
and her sorrow. Here, suitably enclosed, is
"Evangeline's Well."
A list of hotels and summer cottages available for visitors in this romantic country may
be found in the folder "Vacation Days in
Nova Scotia," obtainable from any Canadian
Pacific Railway agent.
FOREST FIRES
The careless smoker on an idle trail,
The smouldering camp fire and a vagrant breeze,
Make all your ancient pride of what avail,
You sad grey ghosts that once were stately trees? Quebec from Levis, Showing the Citadel on the Left and Chateau Frontenac in the Centre
Dominion Square, Montreal, Showing Windsor Station
The Library, Parliament Buildings, Ottawa
Ol Af  I
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
OFFICERS OF THE TRAFFIC  DEPARTMENT
G. M. BOSWORTH, Vice-President, Montreal
C E E TJsbhbr Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
W R. MaoInnes Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
Geo McL. Brown European Manager London, Eng.
C B Foster Assistant Passenger Traffic Managsr Montreal
C E* Mcpherson Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Winnipeg
W H Snbll General Passenger Agent Montreal
G *A Walton General Passenger Agent Winnipeg
h w Brodie. General Passenger Agent Vancouver
H E 'macDonnell. .Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
w' b' Lanigan Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Winnipeg
E N Todd  General Freight Agent Montreal
H G Dring General Passenger Agent London, Eng.
Geo. C. Wells Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
A O Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
j O. Apps General Baggage Agent Montreal
j. M. Gibbon Genera) Publicity Agent Montreal
AGENCIES
Atlanta Ga. . .E. G. Chesbrough, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 220 Healey Bldg.
Auckland.... .N.Z .  Union S. S. Co of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Belfast Ireland . Wm  McCaHa  Agent 41 Victoria Street
BellinQham..WASH.. .W. H. Gordon Freight and Pass'r Assent. .113 West Holly Street
Bov-   n Mass.. .E. F. L. Sturdee Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept.,332Washington Street
~ fi.,.  in. Man.. .Robert Dawson, District Passenger Agent
B.-fsba<-"/..'... .Qd.. .McDonald, Hamilton & Co.
BHttol    .   Eng.. .A. S. Ray. Agent .   ... 18 St.Augustlnes Parade
Brock.. *    ONT.. .Geo. E. McGIade, City Passenger Agent.
 Cor. King St. and Court House Ave.
Buffalo .      .. .N.Y.. .L. R. Hart, General Agent Passenger Dept 11 So. Division St.
Calgary.       . .Alta.. .J. E. Proctor, District Pass'r Agent 113 Can. Pac. Station Bldg.
Canton .China. .Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Chicago.        .. .III.. .T. J. Wall, General Agent Pass'r Dept 224 South Clark Street
Cincmn . .Ohio. .M. E. Malone, General Agent Pass'r Dept 436 Walnut Street
Clevelan .Ohio. .Geo. A. Clifford, General Agent Pass'r Dept..2033 East Ninth St.
Detroit Mich.. .M. G. Murphy, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 199 Griswold St.
Djluth. Minn.. .Jas. Maney, Gen'l Pass'r Agt., D.S.S.&A.Ry.. .Fidelity Building
Ed mont        ..Alta.. . Chas. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent 145 Jasper Avenue, East
(Everett .     ..Wash.. .A. B. Winter, Ticket Agent  1515 Hewitt Avenue
Fort Willi   m..ONT.. .A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent 404 Victoria Avenue
Glasgow,     jotland. .Thos. Russell, Agent  120 St.Vincent Street
XT a /n. U. Parker, Asst. District Passenger Agent  \   19r w_llic! «tMM»t
Halifax N.S.-^j# D# chlpman, City Pass'r and Freight Agent/- iZb Mollis tetieet
Hamiltor Ont. .A. Craig, City Passenger Agent Cor. King and James Street
Hong Kong.. China. .P. D. Sutherland, General Agent Pass'r Dept.. ..C.P.O. S., Ltd
Honolulu H. I. .Theo. H. Davles & Co.
Junaau.   .. Alaska. .F. F. W. Lowle, General Agent
Kansas City...  Mo. .R. G. Norris, Trav. Pass'r Agent, 614-615 Railway Exchange Bldg.
Ketchikan, Alaska. .F. E. Ryus, Agent
Kingston   Ont. .F. Conway, City Freight and Passenger Agent
Kobe Japan. .F. M. Flanagan, Passenger Agent, C. P. O. S., Ltd 1 Bund
Liverpo ■' Eng. .Thomas McNeil, Agent 6 Water Street
™.T_ TH. G. Dring, Gen'l Passenger Agt.\62-65 Charing Cross.S.W.and
London ENG.-^T  j   smith. Gen'l Freight Agent/67-68 King William St.,E. C.
Lcido      Ont. .H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent 161 Dundas Street
Lo* Angeles....Cal. .A. A. Polhamus, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept.. .605 South Spring St.
. ......P. I...T. J. Burns 18-20 Escolta
.rne Aua. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.) Thos. Cook & Son
kee Wis. .F. T. Sansom, Passenger Agent (Soo Line). . 100 Wisconsin Street
polls..Minn. .R. S. Elworthy, General Agent Pass'r Dept..402 Nicollet Avenue
.ai nmr J"&- G« Amiot, District Passenger Agent.. .Windsor Street Station
•"' yuE'\F. C. Lydon. City Passenger Agent 141-145 St. James Street
Nagasaki Japan. .Holme, Ringer A Co.
Ulson B. C.. J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent
Jew York N.Y... F. R. Perry. General Agent Passenger Dept.
 1231 Broadway Cor. 30th Street
)tta wa ONT... James McGill. City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks Street
'aria France .. Aug. Catonl, Agent 1 Rue Scribe
Philadelphia Pa. .R. C. Clayton, City Passenger Agent 629 Chestnut Street
ittsburgh Pa. .C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept 340 Sixth Street
ortland Me. .Leon W. Merrlt, Ticket Agent, Maine Cent. R. R Union Depot
ortland Ore. .J. V. Murphy, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept 55 Third Street
rince Rupert, B.C. .W. C. Orchard, General Agent
"«bec Que. .C. A. Langevin, City Passenger Agent Palais Station
•fl'na Sask. .J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent. .. 1812 Scarth Street
t.John N.B. .N. R. DesBrisay. District Pass'r Agent 40 and 42 King Street
k- Louis Mo. .E. L. Sheehan, General Agent Passenger Dept., 420 Locust Street
I :.P»ul Minn. .B. E. Smeed, City Pass'r Agent (Soo Line) 379 Robert Street
m Francisco, Cal. .F. L. Nason, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept 645 Market Street
j lultSte. Marie,Ont..J. A. Johnston, City Passenger Agent
I >»ttle Wash. .E. E. Penn, General Agent Passenger Dept.. .608 Second Avenue
langhai . . .China . .G. M. Jackson, General Agent Passenger Dept. .C. P. O. S. (Ltd.)
arbrooke....QuE. .A. Metivier, City Passenger Agent 74 Wellington Street
iagway  .. Alaska..L. H. Johnston, Agent
►okane Wash. .J. F. Speakman, City Passenger Agent 603 Sprague Avenue
dney Aus. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
,com« Wash. .D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Avenue
ronto Ont -C¥L' b- Howard, District Passenger Agent \. xr.rt„ e^M. -^nai.
to ONT-\Wm. Fulton, Asst. District Passenger Agent./1 K!nS street- East
ncouver B.C. .J. Moe, City Passenger Agent 434 Hastings Street, West
-*toTia BC-  L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent. . . 1102 Government Street
ishmgton .. .D.C. .C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent 1419 New York Avenue
nnipeg.... Man. .A. G. Richardson, Dist.Passenger Agent..Main and Portage Ave.
hohama . .Japan. .E. Stone, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept., C. P. O. S. (Ltd.) 14 Bund
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