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Resorts in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1924

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CANADIAN' PACIFIC - RAILWAY
■ CANADIAN  PACIFIC   HOTELS
IN THE ROCKIES
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
A magnificent hotel in the heart of the Rocky Mountains National Park, backed by-
three splendid mountain ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and drives on good roads,
bathing, hot sulphur springs, golf, tennis, fishing, boating and riding. Open May 15th to
September 30th.    European plan,    lj^ miles from station.    Altitude 4,625 feet.
Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alberta
A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains National Park.
Alpine climbing with Swiss guides, pony trips or walks to Lakes in the Clouds, Saddleback,
etc., drives or motoring to Moraine Lake, boating, fishing. Open June 1st to September
30th.    European plan.    3j^ miles from station by motor railway.    Altitude 5,670 feet.
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field, B.C.
A charming Chalet hotel situated at the foot of Mount Buigess, amidst the picturesque
Alpine scenery of the Yoho National Park. Roads and trails to the Burgess Pass, Yoho
Valley, etc. Boating and fishing. Open June 15th to September 15th. American plan.
Seven miles from station.    Altitude 4,262 feet.
Glacier House, Glacier, B.C.
In the heart of the Selkirks. Splendid Alpine climbing and glacier exploring, driving,
riding and hiking. Open June 15th to September 15th. American plan, lj^ miles from
station.    Altitude 4,086 feet.
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B.C.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and stop-over point for
those who wish to see the Thompson and Fraser Canyons by daylight. Lake Shuswap
district dffers good boating, and excellent trout fishing and hunting in season. Open all
year.    American plan.    At station.    Altitude 1,146 feet.
ON THE PACIFIC COAST
Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C.
The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Straits of Georgia, and
serving equally the business man and the tourist. Situated in the heart of the shopping
district of Vancouver. Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting, bathing, steamer excursions. Open
all year.    European plan.    One-half mile from station.
Empress Hotel, Victoria, B.C.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast. An equable climate has
made Victoria a favorite summer and.winter resort. Motoring, yachting, sea and stream
fishing, shooting and all-yeaf golf.    Open all year.    European plan.    Facing wharf.
THE PRAIRIES
- Hotel Palliser, Calgary, Alberta 1
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard, in this prosperous city of Southern Alberta.   J
Suited equally to the business man and the tourist en route to or from the Canadian Pacific
Rockies.    Good golfing and motoring.    Open all year.    European plan.    At station.
Royal Alexandra Hotel, Winnipeg, Manitoba
A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, appealing to those who wish
to break their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's social life. Good golfing
and motoring.    Open all year.    European plan.    At station.
Place Viger Hotel,
Montreal,  Quebec
Chateau Frontenac,
Quebec,  Quebec
McAdam Hotel,
McAdam, N.B.
The Algonquin,
St. Andrews, N.B.
HOTELS AND
Moraine Lake, Alta.
Banff-Windermere
Automobile Highway.
Hector, B.C.	
Hector, B.C...........
Field, B.C	
Lake Windermere, B.C..
Moraine Lake Camp
Storm Mountain Bungalow
Camp
Vermilion River Camp
Sinclair Hot Springs Camp
Wapta Camp
Lake O'Hara Camp
Yoho Valley Camp
Lake Windermere Camp
EASTERN CANADA
A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.    Open all year.
A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of North America.    Open all
year.
A commercial and sportsman's hotel.    Open all year.
The social centre of Canada's most fashionable seashore summer resort.    Open
June 28 th to September 6 th.
BUNGALOW CAMPS REACHED BY CANADIAN PACIFIC
Penticton, B.C.. . Hotel Incola
Cameron Lake, B.C Cameron Lake Chalet
Strathcona Lodge, B.C Strathcona Lodge
Kenora, Ont Devil's Gap Camp
Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
French River, Ont French River Camp
Digby, N.S. The Pines
Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn.
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CANADIAN
PACIFIC
ROCKIE/
The most magnificent mountain region of the world.
Nearly seven hundred peaks
over 6000feetin height—
lovely mountain lakes, swift
rivers, still primeval forests,
glistening glaciers, extensive
national parks, hundreds of
miles of roads and good
trails. Climbing,.fish'ng,
hiking, motoring,,hunting in
season—and perfect .accommodation at five Canadian
Pacific hotels and nine
Bungalow Camps,
Ttf
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L RE/ORTS" tke CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIE/
Some Nature has  thrown   up   the   Canadian   Pacific
Comparisons Rockies on so vast a scale that the human mind
can with difficulty grasp their greatness—except
by some comparison. The "Trans-Canada Limited/' fastest
Canadian Pacific train, takes twenty-three hours to pass from
Cochrane, at the entrance to the Rockies, to Mission, where it
enters the coastal plain. The simplest parallel is that of the Swiss
Alps, which throw their giant barrier between Italy and France.
Two of the best known railway routes across the Swiss Alps are
the St. Gothard and the Simplon. It takes an express train five
hours to travel from Lucerne to Como, or from Lausanne to
Arona.
When, therefore, Edward Whymper, the hero of the Matter-
horn, described the Canadian Pacific Rockies as fifty Switzerlands
thrown into one, this certainly was no exaggeration. The
Canadian Pacific Rockies stretch from the Gap practically to
Vancouver—nearly six hundred miles of Alpine scenery. Snowy
peaks, glaciers, rugged precipices, waterfalls, foaming torrents,
canyons, lakes like vast sapphires and amethysts set in the pine-
clad mountains—these have been flung together in unparalleled
profusion on a scale which Europe has never known.
It may also be pointed out that tjie Canadian Pacific Rockies
far surpass many other mountain systems in their relative
height above valleys, and, being rich in glaciers and neve fields,
are generally snow-covered the year round.
First Glimpses From the roof garden of the Hotel Palliser, in
of the Rockies Calgary, you can see the foothills of the Rockies
—dull blue, with shining peaks against the
horizon. As the train glides westward up the long transverse
valleys—old grooves down which came the spent glaciers from
the higher mountains—the prospect grows more awe-inspiring
with every mile, until the train leaves the foothills for the real
Rockies. The coloring is intense in the foregrounds—filled
with soft suggestion, with unguessed witchery of semi-tonal
shade, as the prospect dips and fades away from you. The
skies are raw-blue, the snow on the summits is whiter than sea-
foam, whiter than summer cloud, white with a glistening untouched whiteness that cannot be named.
The still valleys are full of jade pine trees that fade into
amethyst and pearl distances. The spray of a 300-foot cataract
is like spun glass. The huge bulk of a tireless and age-old
glacier is milky green. The rocks are of every shade and subtle
blending that the palette of the First Artist could produce.
And the perspective effects are like nothing that can be caught
with the camera, or splashed on canvas.
The Happy    The Canadian Pacific route through these mighty
Life mountain  ranges  is  in  itself a  visualization  of
human triumph over nature. From Calgary, to
which it has been steadily climbing since it left Lake Superior,
it climbs another three-eighths of a mile to the Great Divide.
Thence, following the narrow Kicking Horse Pass, it dips down
to meet the majestic Columbia River; then it re-ascends another
quarter of a mile to the summit of the Selkirk Range before
beginning its three-quarter mile drop to the Pacific. The
Spiral Tunnels through the Kicking Horse Pass, the Connaught
Tunnel through the Selkirks, are engineering feats of a magnitude
matching the obstacles opposed to the passage of the railway.
The trip through the Thompson and Fraser canyons is of
scarcely lesser interest than the journey through the mountains
themselves.
Page Two
So much for what the traveller sees en route. This great
mountain region offers a remarkable welcome to those who leave
the railway and tarry for a while. Fishing, hunting, climbing,
riding, driving, exploring, Alpine flower gathering, wonder-photo
taking, golfing at Banff on the most scenic course in the world—
these are some of the * * frill" doings in the Rockies. The biggest
and most solid pleasure is just living—living where the air has
never been contaminated with soot, where you can go from
summer to snow at any time you want, where you need no
alarm clock to get you up, no cordial to put you to sleep, no
dinner bell to tell you when it's time to eat.
Banff, with its glorious panorama of Bow and Spray Rivers, is
the headquarters of Rocky Mountains Park. Lake Louise, an
enchanting lake with a no less enchanting hotel, is the gateway
to a region of magnificent scenery, as Field is that to winsome
Emerald Lake, or Wapta Camp to the Yoho Valley.
Glacier, in the Selkirks, is the finest mountain-climbing centre
of this continent. Sicamous is a charming half-way house for
those who want to make the whole journey by daylight.
Where to   There   are   beautiful   Canadian   Pacific   hotels   at
Stay Banff,   Lake   Louise,   Emerald   Lake,   Glacier   and
Sicamous—hotels whose windows open on fairyland,
where music or other entertainment helps to pass the evenings
of glorious days. At other points are bungalow camps to suit
less conventional tastes. These include Moraine Lake Camp,
near Lake Louise; Wapta Camp, Lake O'Hara Camp, and Yoho
Valley Camp, clustering around Hector and the Yoho Valley;
Lake Windermere Camp in the Columbia Valley; and several
rest houses. Along the Banff-Lake Windermere road (see below)
are three new camps at Storm Mountain, Vermilion River and
Sinclair Hot Springs.
The Southern  The  Crow's  Nest Pass line of the  Canadian
Route Pacific, and its continuation the Kettle Valley
line, is a postscript, crossing the Rockies farther
south than the main line. But many line people think that it lives
up to postscript traditions by carrying some of the most important
information. The visitor who would fully and faithfully see
Canadian Pacific Rocky-land should go by way of Banff and
Lake Louise and then dip southward via Golden, to Lake Windermere Camp, on one of the loveliest warm water lakes in British
Columbia. This camp can now also be reached over the new
Banff-Windermere road—one of the most magnificent and
spectacular automobile rides of the continent.    (See page 18.)
There are another two fascinating alternatives. One is to
go by the main line as far as Revelstoke, and thence branch
southward through the Arrow Lakes to Nelson and the Kootenays.
The other is to go to Sicamous, and southward through the
charming, fertile Okanagan Valley to Penticton. The southern
route via Crow's Nest Pass line ties together these beautiful
lakes of British Columbia, and forms an alternative through
route from the prairies to Vancouver.
Canadian Canada has a magnificent system of nineteen National
National Parks, of which fourteen are in Western Canada. Of
Parks the latter, four of the most important are traversed
by or lie adjacent to the Canadian Pacific Railway,
while two others can be reached conveniently from it.
Rocky Mountains Park, the easternmost and largest of these
six, is bounded on the west by the interprovincial boundary between Alberta and British Columbia, and on the east by, approximately, the first big ranges of the Rockies.    It has an area of
2,751 square miles, its greatest length being about one hundred
miles. No part of the Rockies exhibits a greater variety of sublime
and romantic scenery, and nowhere are good points of view and
features of special interest so accessible, with so many good roads
and bridle paths.
Its principal mountain ranges are the Vermilion, Kananaskis,
Bourgeau, Bow, and Sawback ranges; its principal river is the
Bow, which has for chief tributaries the Kananaskis, Spray,
Cascade and Pipestone rivers. The Panther and Red Deer rivers
flow through the north-eastern portion of the Park, which includes
part of the Bow River Forest Reserves. Of the many beautiful
lakes within the Park, the principal are Louise, Minnewanka,
Hector, Spray, Kananaskis and Bow Lakes. Banff and Lake
Louise are the chief centres, the former the administrative headquarters. The Canadian Pacific runs through the middle of the
Park, entering at the Gap and following the Bow River.
Yoho Park (area 476 square miles) immediately adjoins Rocky
Mountains Park on the west, and lies, broadly speaking, on the
descending slopes of the Rockies, with the President and Van
Home ranges as its western boundary. It is a region of charm
and winsome beauty, of giant mountains and deep forests, of
rushing rivers and sapphire-like lakes. Its principal river is the
Kicking Horse, with the Ottertail and Yoho as main tributaries;
its chief lakes are Emerald, Wapta, McArthur, O'Hara and
Sherbrooke. The Yoho Valley, Emerald Lake, Burgess Pass and
other points are amongst the chief scenic features. The Canadian
Pacific runs through the centre of Yoho Park, following the
Kicking Horse River.
From Yoho, while we are descending the Rockies and ascending
into the Selkirk Range, there is an interval of about fifty miles
before we enter Glacier Park. This Park (area 468 square miles)
includes part of the Hermit Range of the Selkirks, and embraces
some of the finest mountaineering country in North America.
With its massive peaks and giant glaciers it has an air of grandeur
and of mystery. Its chief rivers are the Beaver and the Illecillewaet; its centre is Glacier House, a short distance from Illecillewaet Glacier. The Canadian Pacific, coming from the north, runs
through part of the western half of this park, tunnelling under
Mount Macdonald and then following the Illecillewaet River.
Mount Revelstoke Park (area 100 square miles), on the western
slopes of the Selkirks, lies about fifteen miles west of Glacier Park,
its southern border paralleling the Illecillewaet River. It is very
easily reached from the city of Revelstoke,
Kootenay Park (area 587 square miles) tucks in between the
southern portions of Rocky Mountains and Yoho Parks, and
comprises the Vermilion, Mitchell and Briscoe Ranges. The
Kootenay River flows through its southern part, with a large tributary in the Vermilion. At the south-west end it almost touches
the eastern bank of the Columbia River a little above Lake
Windermere. The nearest railway connection is at Lake Windermere, but the Banff-Windermere motor-road that has been constructed from Banff through Vermilion Pass traverses the centre
of this Park.
Waterton Lakes Park (220 square miles) lies about thirty miles
south of the Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian Pacific,
adjoining the international boundary. Here the mountains, set
close around the lakes, are warm and very friendly, and, lifting
to not too difficult heights, seem always to be in an inviting mood.
Adjoining Rocky Mountains Park is a new British Columbia
Provincial Park, Mount Assiniboine Park, covering an area of
twenty square miles and dominated by Mount Assiniboine,
11,860 feet high. What to do at Banff
Banff is the administrative headquarters of Rocky Mountains
Park (area 2,751 square miles). No part of the Rockies exhibits
a greater variety of sublime and romantic scenery, and nowhere
else are good points of view and features of special interest so
accessible. - The town lies embowered in pine forests and lawns,
in a pocket of a wide circle of pearly-grey limestone peaks.
Warmed by clear sunshine and kissed by clear air, exhilarated
by theglacial-green Bow River that frisks through its middle,
Banff bids all welcome.
The traveller seeking a holiday can find all his wants supplied
at the finest mountain hotel in the world, the Canadian Pacific
Banff Springs Hotel, which is open from May 15th to September
30th.
The Panorama From either the station, the bridge or the Banff
of Banff Springs Hotel a magnificent panorama is to be
witnessed. From the station first: to the north
is the grey bulk of Cascade Mountain, towering above the town
like a grim old idol. To the east are Mount Inglismaldie and the
heights of the Fairholme sub-range. Still farther to the east the
sharp cone of Mount Peechee closes the view in that direction.
To the left of Cascade rises the wooded ridge of Stoney Squaw. To
the west and up the valley are the distant snowy peaks of the
main range above Simpson's Pass. To the left is Sulphur Mountain; to the oouth-east the isolated, wooded bluff of Tunnel
Mountain and the long serrated spine of Mount Rundle.
From the Bow bridge the view is even more magnificent, for
the river runs through the centre of the picture, and one who has
caught hie first glimpse of this picture close to sunset will never
forget its breath-taking beauty. A little beyond the bridge the
river frolics over a series of rapids in a narrow gorge and then,
leaping in clouds of spray, falls almost opposite the Banff Springs
Hotel. From the high elevation of the hotel a somewhat different
view is obtained, looking across the junction of the Bow with the
smaller and darker Spray River, between Tunnel and Rundle
Mountains, to the distant snow-clad barrier of the Fairholme
Range.
Hot Had Banff not become famous for its beauty,  it
Springs must have become ferrous for its hot springs, which
are amongst the most important of this continent.
The five chief springs have been found to have a total flow of
about a million gallons a day, and issue from the ground the
year round at a temperature of over 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
The chief constituents are calcium sulphate or gypsum, calcium
bicarbonate, and magnesium sulphate, and their therapeutic
value is very high. Winter makes no difference to the temperature of the water. The springs, which are radio-active, have
been developed by the erection at two of them of bath houses
and swimming pools.
Swimming Excellent swimming in warm sulphur water is afforded at the Upper Hot Springs, the Cave and Basin
Bath House, and at the Banff Springs Hotel. The first named,
situated on the wooded slopes of Sulphur Mountain, at an
altitude of 5,132 feet, is accessible by an excellent road from
the Bow River bridge (lYi miles) or by trail from the Banff
Springs Hotel. The Cave and Basin ic one mile from the
bridge, and here the Government has erected a handsome $150,000
swimming bath. The Banff Springs Hotel has its own beautiful
sulphur pool, with fresh water pool adjoining and with expert
masseurs in attendance at the Turkish baths attached. The
temperature of this sulphur water averages 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Golf and Tennis An eighteen-hole golf course, situated on the
banks of the Bow River at the base of Mount
Rundle, is open to all visitors to Banff for a small fee. A professional player is in attendance. A tennis court is free to
guests at the Banff Springs Hotel.
Boating Boating facilities—rowing, canoeing, and motor-
boating—are available one hundred yards from the
bridge. A paddle up the Bow brings one to mirror-like Lake
Vermilion—one of the many beautiful lakes in the Park. A
ten-mile motorboat trip into the heart of the mountains is also
offered. Another trip is up the Echo River, with two miles of
excellent paddling and sylvan shade. Lake Minnewanka, eight
miles from Banff, affords splendid boating amidst unexcelled
scenery, steam launches being also available.
Recreation On the shore of the Bow  River,  500  yards  west
Grounds     of the  bridge,  are  the   Government   Recreation
Grounds and Building, with special picnic, baseball,
tennis, football, and cricket grounds.
Walking and There are a large number of beautiful trails and
Riding Trips roads leading from Banff, offering delightful rides,
drives and walks. Bow Falls, three minutes from
the Banff Springs Hotel, is one of the most beautiful spots in Banff.
A lovely pine-canopied avenue also runs from the Bow Bridge to
the foot of the falls below the hotel, passing en route the fish
hatchery of the Department of Fisheries. On the east side of the
Bow Falls is the road which switchbacks up Tunnel Mountain,
the highest point being reached by a series of short switches called
the Corkscrew. It affords splendid views of the Bow Valley and
the surrounding mountains. Another beautiful walk is past the
Cave and Basin to Sundance Canyon.
Sulphur Mountain, a long wooded ridge rising to an elevation
of 8,030 feet, at the summit of which is an observatory, and on
the slopes of which is the clubhouse of the Alpine Club of Canada;
Cascade Mountain, a massive giant facing the station; Mount
Rundle, the sharp, pointed edge of which forms one of the most
striking features of the landscape; Mount Norquay and Stoney
Squaw, are all within easy walking distance, and afford climbs not
exceeding one day.
The Animal Paddock, lHj miles from the town towards Lake
Minnewanka, and containing buffalo, elk, moose, mountain goat,
and mountain sheep, the Zoo and Museum, and Sundance Canyon
should not be omitted.
Drives or Some of the walking trips mentioned may
Automobile Trips be taken by saddle-pony or automobile. In
addition, there are others that are too far for
the ordinary walker. Lake Minnewanka, a lake of somewhat
stern beauty with a plentiful supply of fish; Johnston Canyon,
with a fine waterfall, westward sixteen miles from Banff, and
situated in the midst of a panorama of snowy leaks; the "Loop
Drive"—are some of these splendid driving trips. A fine automobile trip which has become very popular runs along the new
Banff-Windermere automobile highway to the Columbia Valley.
Leaving Banff in the morning, one can lunch at Storm Mountain,
Marble Canyon or Vermilion River.    (See page 18.)
Another fine drive is along the Calgary road to the Kananaskis Dude Ranch in the foothills.
To Lake One of the finest automobile trips is that to Lake Louise,
Louise     a distance of 41 miles.    The route is past the Vermilion
Lakes, the Sawback Range, Johnston Creek, Castle
Mountain and Temple Mountain.   A herd of Rocky Mountain
sheep, in their wild native state, is usually seen by the roadside,
about five miles west of Banff, and not unfrequently mountain
goats are seen high up on the cliffs. A short detour at Castle
enables one to take in Storm Mountain on the crest of Vermilion Pass, with a magnificent panorama of the Bow Valley, the
Sawback Range, and the Vermilion Valley and Range in
British Columbia.
Large sightseeing cars leave Banff Springs Hotel and the
Chateau Lake Louise twice daily during the summer season.
Saddle-Pony There are over 700 miles of trail in Rocky Mountains
Trips Park, a large part of which radiate from Banff,
and many worth-while trips, from a day's to a
fortnight's duration, can be made from Banff or Lake Louise.
In addition to those which come under the head of walking or
driving, the visitor may find his ivay, by pony, to Mystic Lake, in
the heart of the Sawback Range, to Ghost River and through the
Indian Reservation to £hc town O? Morley, the Spray Lakes, the
Kananaskis Lakes, etc.
A particularly fine pony trip from Banff and one on which
several days can profitably be spent, is that to Mount Assiniboine
—the "Matterhorn of the Rockies." This can be reached via
the Spray Lakes, and the return made by traversing the beautiful
summit country in the vicinity of the mountain through the
heather and flowers of Simpson Pass and along Healy Creek.
Excellent trout fishing may be had at the Spray Lakes.
Indian Pow-Pow There are a number of Stoney Indians in the
Morley reservation near Banff.    An annual
"pow-pow" of sports, races, etc., is held during the month of July.
Winter Sports Banff is rapidly becoming an important centre
for    winter    sports,    the     Annual     Carnival
attracting ski-jumpers of international reputation.
AUTOMOBILE TARIFF AT BANFF
(Rates are per person)
To Cave and Basin—25c each way (minimum 50c).
To Golf Links—25c each way (minimum $1.00).
To Middle Springs—75c each; round trip, with 15 minutes' wait, $1.00.
(Minimum $2.00 each way, $2.50 round trip.)
To Upper Hot Springs—$1.00 each way; round trip, with 15 minutes' wait—
$1.50.    (Minimum $3.00 each way; $3,50 round trip.)
From station to any part of Banff north of Bridge and west of Grizzly
Street—25c; to any other part of Banff—50c.    (Minimum $1.00.)
Bus from Station to Banff Springs Hotel, each way—50c. Ordinary hand
baggage free; trunks and heavy baggage, each way—25c per piece.
SPECIAL AUTOMOBILE LOOP TRIPS FROM BANFF
General Drive—Around Tunnel Mountain to Hoodoos, down and around
Buffalo Paddock, Zoo, Cave and Basin, Golf Links, Banff Springs Hotel, and
return to village—22 miles.
Loop Drive—8 miles round distance.
Tunnel Mountain Drive—4J^ miles round distance.
For the above trips use one-way rates (see general automobile tariff, page 18).
DISTANCES—ROCKY MOUNTAINS PARK
(ONE WAY)
Banff to Buffalo Paddock—2^ miles. To Sundance Canyon—3J^ miles.
To Mount Edith—4 miles. To Hoodoos, via Tunnel Mountain drive—4K
miles; or via Buffalo Paddock and Anthracite—7 miles. To Bankhead—5
miles. To Canmore—16 miles. To Johnston Canyon—16 miles (rate for
Johnston Canyon includes waiting time up to 45 minutes). To Lake Louise—
41 miles; and to Lake Louise and Moraine Lake—50 miles.
To Lake Minnewanka—8^4 miles. (Additional charge of 50c per person
may be made on motor coach trips to cover waiting time for launch trip.)
The above rates (subject to alteration) are established by the
Dominion Parks Branch, Department of the Interior. Attempted
overcharges should be reported to the Superintendent, Rocky Mountains Park, Banff, Alta.
LIVERY AND PONY TARIFF
See general tariff, page 18
Page Three Page Four
Top Row, left to right—Off for a Mountain Canter—Indian Braves in the Annual "Pow Wow"—Marble Canyon, on the Banff-Lake Windermere Road
Bottom Row—Banff Springs Hotel—Sulpljur Swimming Pool, Banff Springs Hotel.   Inset—Bow Falls At Top—Looking south across the Bow River.    To the left, Mount Rundle; to the right, Sulphur Mountain
Below, left to right- -Mount Assiniboine—Banff and its Vicinity—Cascade Mountain and Banff—In the Buffalo Paddock
Page Five Fl/HINCi the Canadian pacific t%{
Fishing in the There are a great many spots in the Can-
Canadian Pacific     adian Pacific Rockies offering splendid in-
Rockies ducements for the angler, but as space does
not pe rmit of a survey of the whole territory
only some of the principal fishing waters in the vicinity of Banff
and Lake Louise are dealt with in the following text.
Banff Five varieties of game fish have their habitat in the waters
of the Rocky Mountains National Park, in which Banff is
situated, viz.: the cut-throat, lake, Dolly Varden, bull and brook
trout.
Any point on the Bow River upstream for several miles from
the bridge at Banff affords Dolly Varden and bull trout. The
Vermilion Lakes, half a mile from the boat-house, and Forty-Mile
Creek, a beautiful stream that joins the Bow River at Banff, can
be profitably fished. A little farther afield, the Bow River offers
capital fishing.
In the opposite direction, along the Bow River from Banff to
its junction with the Kananaskis River at Seebe, are deep pools
and eddies, where good fishing is obtainable, but only experienced
canoe men should attempt this trip.
Lake Minnewanka, or Devil's Lake, eight miles from Banff
and easily reached by auto over a good road, affords fine fishing
for lake trout, which reach an uncommon size. The usual method
of taking these fish is by trolling. A comfortable chalet is located
on the shore of the lake at the end of the road.
Mystic Lake, seventeen miles from Banff, drains into Forty-
Mile Creek. It is reached by pony trail via Mount Edith Pass.
The best fishing is usually found near the mouth of the glacial
spring which enters the lake. Another good spot is where the
stream leaves the lake. While the varieties of fish offered do
not run to a large size, they will bite greedily.
Seven miles beyond Mystic Lake are the Sawback Lakes, where
there is very good fishing to be had for cut-throat trout.
The Spray River joins the Bow at Banff. At the Falls, about
eight miles upstream, the fishing begins and continues right to
the Spray Lakes, twenty miles farther. August is the best time
to fish this water. Fly and spinner will prove successful lures
for cut-throat, Dolly Varden or silver trout.
The Spray Lakes are twenty-eight miles from Banff, over a
good pony trail, which for a great part of the distance follows
closely the windings of the enchanting Spray River.    Cut-throat
and Dolly Varden trout run to a large size both in the lakes and
in the several streams entering into and running out of them.
July and August are the best fly-fishing months. There is a
comfortable log cabin camp at the Spray Lakes especially for the
accommodation of anglers. Very large trout are caught in the
Lower Kananaskis Lake, reached by way of the Spray Lakes from
Banff or up through the Kananaskis River Valley from Morley.
A decidedly interesting trip both from a fishing and scenic
standpoint can be made by taking motor from Banff to Mount
Edith Pass (about three miles), thence by pack train over the
Pass to Forty Mile Creek, continuing up that stream by way of
Mystic Lake and over Forty Mile Pass to Sawback Lake. Follow
down Sawback Creek about three miles to junction with the
Cascade River, where there are splendid camping grounds.
From here one can try the fishing up the Main Cascade and the
North Fork, which, although considered rather uncertain by
local authorities, might yield worth-while sport. Then proceed
down the Cascade River to Bankhead, returning from that
point to Banff by automobile. In order to permit of sufficient
time for angling, about a week should properly be allowed for
this trip. Good fly-fishing is to be had for cut-throat trout in
July, August and September.
Information in detail in regard to numerous other good fishing
haunts around Banff can be obtained from the Fishing Inspector
at the office of the Superintendent of the Park.
Lake Louise In the upper waters of the Pipestone River,
reached by pack trail from Lake Louise, there are
many pools and several lakes yielding fine sport for the fly fisherman. At times there is also very fair fishing in this stream close
to Lake Louise station.
There is good fishing to be had in Consolation Lake, two miles
beyond Moraine Lake, where a comfortable camp is maintained.
Here are plenty of cut-throat trout, which take the fly freely.
Upper Bow Lake is up in the glacial belt, and the largest fish of
their kind are to be found, here—cut-throat, Dolly Varden, and
silver trout. Spinner, minnow, or beef will tempt the big fellows,
though in the Bow River flies can be used for the cut-throat.
After the spring freshets are over is the only time worth trying. It
takes about two days from Lake Louise over pony trail to reach
Bow Lake.
A splendid trip, occupying about a week and combining excellent fishing with rare scenic attractions, can be made by following
the trail up the Ptarmigan Valley to the foot of Mount Richardson, a distance of about nine miles from Chateau Lake Louise.
Cross from there over to head of the Little Pipestone River, about
seven miles, where the fishing really commences. Continue along
to camp on the main Pipestone River—six miles. The Pipestone
can then be followed up fifteen miles to its head waters, which
give access to a chain of beautiful lakes abounding with large,
gamy cut-throat trout, ranging up to five pounds in weight.
They will take the fly quite readily when conditions are right.
If a more extended outing than the foregoing is desired, follow
up Molar Creek, which runs into the Pipestone River from the west
at junction of Little Pipestone with the main river, skirt Mount
Hector, viewing the Hector Glacier, and return by way of the
Bow River to Lake Louise. This extension covers an additional
thirty-five miles of incomparably grand and beautiful scenery
with further good fishing possibilities. Hector or Lower Bow
Lake may also be visited as an offshoot of this trip to advantage
of the angler.
British Between Lake Louise and the Pacific Coast there are
Columbia numerous points well worth the attention of the
angler, among which Sicamous and Kamloops
deserve special mention. The former is a remarkably fine centre
for fly-fishing, at the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes,
and comfortable headquarters can be established at the Canadian
Pacific hotel adjoining the station. Shuswap Lake has the
reputation of containing more varieties of trout and other
fish than any water in British Columbia, including steelhead and
land-locked salmon. Kamloops, at the junction of the north
and south branches of the Thompson River, is an excellent
centre for the fly fisherman, and within easy reach are several fine
waters. The lower stretches of both the Thompson and Fraser
Rivers have good fishing at numerous points.
Full information as to fishing possibilities in the different
localities, with advice as to regulations, etc., will be gladly furnished on request by the General Tourist Agent, Canadian Pacific
Railway, Montreal, Que.
Page Six
At Pipestone Lake, near Lake Louise
The Source of the Kootenay River    {Photograph by Armstrong Roberts)
Spray Lakes, near Banff to do at Lake Loui/e
Lake Louise (altitude 5,670 feet), bearing the liquid music, the
soft color notes of its name, into the realm of the visible, is probably the most perfect gem of scenery in the known world. "A
lake of the deepest and most exquisite coloring," says one writer,
"ever changing, defying analysis, mirroring in its wonderful
depths the sombre forest and cliffs that rise from its shores on
either side, the gleaming white glacier and tremendous snow-
crowned peaks that fill the background of the picture, and the
blue sky and fleecy clouds overhead."
On the shores of the lake the Canadian Pacific operates the
magnificent Chateau Lake Louise—open from Jane 1st to
September 30th.
The Panorama Encircling Lake Louise is an amphitheatre of
of Lake Louise peaks. From left to right they are Saddle
Back, Fairview, Lefroy, Victoria, Collier, Popes,
Whyte, the Devil's Thumb, the Needles, the Big Beehive, Niblock,
St. Piran and the Little Beehive. At the far end of the lake, catching for the greater part of the day the full glory of the sun, their
snowfields standing out in dazzling whiteness, are the glaciers
that drop down from Mount Victoria and the lofty, ice-crowned
head of Mount Lefroy.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise a delightful mile-and-
a-half walk along a level trail affords splendid views of further
peaks—Mounts Haddo, Aberdeen and the Mitre.
Lakes Some there are who are satisfied to sit on the hotel
in the Clouds watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of color.
But others are eager to be out on the trail, either
on foot or on the back of a sure-footed mountain pony. These
trails are being constantly improved and extended, so that there
is now a wide selection from which to choose. One of the finest
and most popular excursions is to the Lakes in the Clouds, nestling
a thousand feet and more higher up in the mountain ranges.
The trail, leaving the west end of the Chateau, rises gradually
through spruce and fir forests to Mirror Lake (altitude 6,560
feet), thence upward to Lake Agnes (altitude 6,875 feet).
The trail is excellent. These lakes are good examples of
!< cirque" lakes—deep, steep-walled recesses caused by glacial
erosion. The view from the edge of Lake Agnes—where a charming little rest and tea-house has been established—is magnificent;
and one may often hear the shrill whistle of the marmot or even
see a mountain goat. (Round trip distance, 5 miles; time 2j^
hours.)
Mount St. Piran From Mirror Lake a trail follows round the
face of the Big Beehive to Look-Out Point,
and on to Victoria Glacier. Or one may take a short cut down
the lower Glacier Trail and return to the Chateau along the lakeside. From Lake Agnes Rest-house one may walk or ride along
the lake up to the little observatory on the Big Beehive, returning
by a trail down the opposite side of this mountain and joining
the Upper Glacier Trail. From Lake Agnes one may walk to
the top of the Little Beehive, and the energetic will find an easy
path to the summit of Mount St. Piran.
Saddleback Another excellent walking or pony excursion is to
Saddleback. Crossing the bridge over Lake Louise
creek, the trail rises rapidly on the slopes of Mount Fairview,
between that mountain and Saddleback. The view of Paradise
Valley and Mount Temple from this point is one of the finest in
the Rockies. At the top is a tea and rest house, over two
thousand feet higher than Lake Louise.
WHAT TO DO AT LAKE LOUISE
What to do at Lake Louise—
Only this to do:
Feed your soul on sunbeams
Mirrored on the blue.
What to do at Lake Louise—
Lift your eyes, and view
All the beauty of the skies
Pouring down on you.
What to do at Lake Louise,
Simmering between
Wooded slopes of mountains
In a cup of green?
What to do at Lake Louise,
Fringed by poppies gold?
Pray this vision's memory
You may ever hold.
Margaret Heyn Sanger.
□   □   □
Moraine Lake This lovely mountain lake, in the valley of the
Ten Peaks, is 9 miles distant from the Chateau,
and can be reached by automobile (cars leave hotel twice daily).
The tremendous semi-circle of the Ten Peaks presents a jagged
profile that makes a most majestic view. Not one of them is less
than 10,000 feet in height—the highest is 11,225 feet. Standing
off a little as a sort of outpost is the Tower of Babel, an interesting
rock foundation of unusual shape.
Moraine Lake is exquisitely tinted in color, its waters sometimes
so still that they reflect every twig above its surface. On the
shore of the lake is a charming bungalow camp where sleeping accommodation for 12 is available. An extension trip
should be made to Consolation Lake, the waters of which contain
a plentiful supply of rainbow, Dolly Varden and cut-throat trout.
Paradise Valley Between Moraine Lake and Lake Louise lies
Paradise Valley, about 6 miles long, carpeted
with anemones, asters and other Alpine flowers. Great peaks rise
around it like citadel walls. The valley can be reached from the
Saddleback down a steep zigzag trail to the *'Giant's Steps,"
a stair-like formation over which Paradise Creek tumbles in a
beautiful cascade. The journey may then be continued across
the valley to Lake Annette, a tiny emerald sheet of water or the
other side of Mount Temple. From the Giant's Steps a trail
leads across the valley to Sentinel Pass, whence descent can be
made through a lovely Alpine meadow known as Larch Valley
to Moraine Lake, This valley, half a mile long and about 2,000
feet above Moraine Lake, is a perfect natural park, and was the
site of the Alpine Club Camp of 1923.
Abbot Pass From the Victoria Glacier there is a fine climb over
Abbot Pass, between Mounts Victoria and Lefroy,
descending to Lake O'Hara (see page 12). This should not,
however, be attempted by the novice, nor unless accompanied by
skilled guides. An Alpine hut has been erected near the summit,
at an altitude of over 9,500 feet, for the convenience of climbers.
Sunrise as seen from the Abbot Pass hut offers the most glorious
view in the Rockies.
Climbing Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain climbing centres of the Rockies, and has many good climbs,
both for the novice and the experienced alpinist. Some short
and easy climbs will be found in the Beehive, Mount St. Piran,
Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview; more difficult ones will
be found in Mounts Aberdeen, Whyte, Victoria, Lefroy, Hunga-
bee, Temple and Deltaform.
Motoring There   are   two   good   automobile   trips   from Lake
Louise—to Banff,  and from the Banff road  to  Lake
Windermere, in the Columbia Valley.    Both these excursions
will be found described on other pages.
Along the An excellent trail north of the Bow River from Lake
Pipestone Louise, along the valley of the Pipestone River, leads
to an Alpine lake discovered six years ago to be full
of trout eager for the fly. The camping ground is nineteen miles
from Lake Louise station, so that guides, ponies, and outfit are
recommended for those who wish to fish. The season opens on
July 1st. The lake is in an Alpine meadow amid high glacial
surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty. On the return
journey a magnificent view is afforded of the group of peaks which
form a chalice for Lake Louise itself.
Swiss Guides are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for those
who wish to visit the glaciers, climb mountains, or
make some of the more strenuous trips through the passes. As
they are greatly in demrnd, it is advisable to make arrangements
well in  advance.    Rates,  $7.00  per  day.
AUTOMOBILE TARIFF AT LAKE LOUISE
See general tariff, page 18
To Moraine Lake—9 miles. To Castle Mountain—20 miles. To Banff—
41 miles. To points on Banff-Windermere Road, and in Kootenay Park—
same distances as from Banff.
(NOTE—Only one-way traffic is allowed on Moraine Lake road, which has
a heavy grade in places. Additional charge of 75c per person may be made,
which also covers waiting time.)
TRANSFER
Gasoline railway between station and Chateau—50c each way. Small
handbags (not exceeding two per person) free; trunks and heavy baggage—25c
per piece, each way.
PONY TRIPS
To Lakes in the Clouds and return ...".'  $1. 75
To Victoria Glacier and return, 4 hours           2.50
To Saddle Back and return, 5 hours      3.00
To Lake O'Hara (from Hector) and return  1 day..'. 4.00
To Ptarmigan Lake and return, 1 day. :        4.00
To Paradise Valley and return, 1 day.. . 4.00
To Paradise Valley, Horseshoe Glacier and Lake Annette, and return, 2 days
—$8.C0; the same as last, but including Sentinel Pass, Larch Valley and Moraine Lake, 3 days—$12-00.
To Moraine Lake, 1 day—$4.00; or including Wenkchemna Pass and Lake, 2
days—$8.00.
For general livery and pony tariff, see page 18.
The above rates (subject to alteration) are established by the Dominion Parks Branch, Department of the Interior. Attempted overcharges should be reported to the Superintendent, Rocky Mountains
Park, Banff. Alta.
Pa&e Seven Page Eight
~.    T°P R°W' left t0 ri8ht~Mount Lefroy—Moraine Lake Camp—Giant's Steps, Paradise Valley
Below-Chateau Lake Louise-The Teahouse, Lakes in the Clouds    (Copyright E. M. Newman).    Inset-Moraine Lake At Top -The Panorama of Lake Louise.    In the centre, the group of peaks enclosing Lakes in the Clouds
Below, left to right—Laka Louise—Lake Louise and vicinity—Along the Banff-Lake Louise Road.    In the Circle—Saddleback Rest House
Page Nine
t- buncalowinthe CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIE/
Camp j*
Bungalow Camps Bungalow camps have been established at
several points in the Canadian Pacific Rockies,
both to supplement the capacity of the hotels and also to provide
accommodation of a somewhat different kind. These camps
make a special appeal to the climber, the trail rider or the hiker;
they are, on the whole, less formal than the hotels. The accommodation provided consists of separate log bungalows clustering
around a large central building which serves as the dining and
community house.
These camps are now established at Wapta Lake, Lake O 'Hara,
Yoho Valley, Moraine Lake and Lake Windermere, and at three
points on the new Banff-Windermere automobile highway.
In some cases they are supplemented by small rest or tea houses
at outlying points. There is a Bungalow camp extension to
the Emerald Lake Chalet. Each camp is described individually
in this booklet under its proper geographical heading.
A Sea of The Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise some of
Mountains Nature's most gigantic works. In the various
mountain ranges that make up the Canadian Pacific
Rockies—the Rockies, the Selkirks, and the Gold, Coast, Cascade,
and Purcell Ranges—there are, according to Government measurements, no less than 644 mountain peaks over 6,000 feet in height
above sea level. This Government list includes only those peaks
which bear names, and it does not profess to exhaust the innumerable mountains that have not yet been named or measured, or
that are very inaccessible from railways. Of those actually listed,
there are 544 over 7,000 feet, 422 over 8,000 feet, 272 over 9,000
feet, 144 over 10,000 feet, 41 over 11,000 feet, and 4 over 12,000
feet.
It should be noted, too, that in many mountainous regions the
chief peaks spring from such high plateaus that although they are
actually a very considerable height above sea level, their height
is not very impressive to the traveller. This is not so in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies. For example, some fifty principal
mountains seen by the traveller from the train or at the most
popular mountain resorts—at and around Banff, Lake Louise,
Moraine Lake, Lake O'Hara, Field, Emerald Lake, the Yoho
Valley, and Glacier—and ranging in height from 8,000 to 11,500
feet, average a height above the floor of the valleys at their base
of about 4,800 feet, or almost a mile.
The Delights It is difficult to imagine anything more fascinating
of Climbing than to start out in the early morning, stepping in
half an hour from the perfect civilization of a
luxurious hotel into the primitive glory of cliff and crag, winding
waterway and frozen grandeur, to spend the day among the
mountains. With a blue sky overhead, the air soft with the
sweet resinous spice of the forest, and all cares left far behind,
one sees only beautiful sights, hears only wonderland sounds, and
for a whole long day lives close to the very heart of Nature in her
most splendid mood.
The Canadian Pacific Rockies present to the mountain climber
one of the most extensive and interesting fields of any easily
accessible ranges of the world. Noted climbers make their way
thither from all parts of the world. But let not the novice be
daunted; there are easy climbs aplenty for him to graduate from
—on some, indeed, he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk good trails
almost to the summit, while on others a short scramble will bring
him to his goal. Lake Louise and Glacier are the two favorite
centres for Alpine climbing.
Easy Climbs Here are a few of the easy climbs.    At Banff there
are Tunnel and Sulphur Mountains, both of which
have good trails to the top.    Rundle, Cascade and Stoney Squaw
Mountains, which are a little more difficult and should not be
Page Ten
attempted by an absolutely inexperienced climber, have trails
only part way.
At Lake Louise easy climbs are to be found in the Beehive,
Mount St. Piran, Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview, all of
which have trails to the sujmmits.
At Glacier, Mounts Atjbot, Afton and Avalanche present
little difficulty.
i
Harder Climbs For the hard-bitten enthusiast there are many
really difficult climbs, which should not be attempted except by experiehced climbers and with the assistance
of Swiss guides.    Some of these may be enumerated here.
At Banff there are Mounts Norqway, Edith, Louis, and Aylmer.
At Lake Louise there are Mounts Aberdeen, Whyte, Victoria,
Lefroy, Hungabee, Temple, Pinnacle and Deltaform and Abbot
Pass (altitude 9,588 feet), at whose summit is an Alpine Hut.
At Field, Mount Stephen. At Emerald Lake, Mounts
President, Vice-President, Burgess and Wapta.
At Glacier, Mounts Hermit, Castor, Pollux, Tupper, Rogers,
Eagle and Sir Donald.
The Alpine Club An active Alpine Club, with over 500 members,
and headquarters at Banff, holds a camp each
year in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, and welcomes those who
have the ambition to climb a peak at least 10,000 feet high. The
Canadian Pacific Railway has several experienced Swiss guides
attached to its mountain hotels. These guides came originally
from Europe, but now have a picturesque little colony of their
own at Edelweiss, near Golden, B.C.
Director A, O. Wheeler, of the Alpine Club of Canada, writes:
"Apart from the wonderful and unexplained exhilaration that
comes from climbing on snow and ice, and the overwhelming
desire to see what lies beyojnd, your true Alpine enthusiast glories
in the wide-spreading spectacular panorama that is seen from a
mountain top, when all in view is spread before him as on a living
map. It is in places such as these, where the prescience of an
Almighty Power is ever present, and which can only be attained
through hard bodily exertion, that he loves for a brief space to
enjoy the wonders that are spread at his feet."
TRAIL TRIPS
The Reference is made at various points in this publica-
Mountain tion to saddle-pony trips. A trail trip into the
Pony depths of the mountains forms, indeed, the most
enjoyable way of visiting beautiful spots that
would not otherwise be easily accessible. It affords good
scenery, often gbod fishing, and a glimpse into the heart of
nature which will be worth "more than many books. "
The mountain pony, mOuntain-bred, fool-proof, untiring, can
be ridden by practically anyone, whether he or she has ever
before been on a horse or not. From all hotels and camps
in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, there are good roads and trails
radiating in all directions, which are kept up by the Dominion
Government. In Rocky Mountains Park alone there are 700
miles of good trails. Some trail trips are of one day's duration
only; others stretch over several days, necessitating carrying
camping outfit. It is customary, on all long trips and even on
some short ones, to engage guides who supply horses, tents,
food, etc., and do the necessary cooking.
On the last page of this publication are some representative
trail-riding  pictures.
Hiking What has been said of trail-riding will apply also to
those energetic ones who see nature best when they
see it from "shanks' mare." They have, indeed, the advantage
over the trail-rider in that they are not restricted to the trails
only; for the whole of the Rockies invites them. They can
establish headquarters at one of the Bungalow Camps, and
arrange their itineraries so that they can spend successive
nights at other camps—unless, of course, they prefer, like Stevenson, to "put up at God's green caravanserai." In another
publication issued by the Canadian Pacific, "Bungalow Camps
in the Rockies," will be found a comprehensive map of trails
within the area embraced by the bungalow camps.
Hints to It should go without saying that no climbing,
Outdoors Folk hiking or riding trip in the mountains should
be undertaken without suitable clothing and
equipment. Neither form of recreation can be enjoyed in
comfort without making proper provision. Above everything
else, good stout boots are the most important item. Women
will find their ordinary clothes absolutely useless, and even
dangerous; and for that matter men, too, need to be suitably
dressed. The ideal equipment for a man, for walking, is very
light woollen underwear, a woollen shirt, thick woollen stockings,
high or low trail boots, tweed knickerbocker suit, medium weight,
soft felt hat, rucksack, light sweater, and silk slicker. For
riding, add riding breeches at choice. For climbing, add very
thick woollen stockings, very thick woollen socks, climbing
boots, horse-hair insoles, alpenstock or ice-axe, two bandana
handkerchiefs, and puttees. For glacier work or long expeditions, add a warm sweater, snow goggles, woollen mittens, and
a "passe montagne" or ski-cap. Sportsmen should bring
their own fishing tackle, rifles, ammunition, etc.
Women will need very much the same equipment, with either
a short walking skirt, a divided skirt, or riding breeches. For
climbing they should use tweed knickerbockers. All those who
have little opportunity during the rest of the year for road
work are advised to take a little preliminary "work-out"; but
after the first day or two the body will soon adjust itself, and
tired legs, stiff backs, and sore feet will be forgotten.
Intending outdoors folk should obtain copy of a little leaflet,
"What to Wear in the Rockies," written by Vai A. Fynn, and
obtainable through Canadian Pacific agents or from Canadian
Pacific Hotels.
A Walking or Riding  From Banff to Mount Assiniboine is a fine
Tour to Mount walking tour that can now, by means of
Assiniboine comfortable camps, be made in three days
of delightful travel, with a return by a different route. The camps, located amongst magnificent scenery,
were established in 1920 by A. O. Wheeler, Director of the Canadian Alpine Club, and are open to the public. A public walking
tour, in charge of guides, leaves Banff twice weekly during July,
August and September. Special trips can be arranged from the
main route. A pack train operates in conjunction with the tour
and will carry all baggage desired. The journey can also be made
by ponies. Charges at the camps, $6.00 per day inclusive; saddle
ponies $3.00 per day; baggage charges $1.00 per lot of 40 lbs.
between camps. Wonder Lodge, a log building with living and
dining room and with sleeping accommodation in cabins or tent
houses, will be in operation in 1924 at the walking tour camp at
Mount Assiniboine. A comfortable headquarters camp will
also be in operation at the Banff Middle Springs, which will be
open to the public whether going on the Banff-Assiniboine tour
or not. Rates $4.00 per day. For full particulars of these
tours and camps, write A. O. Wheeler, Banff, Alberta. Top Row, left to right—A Mountain Crest—Wapta Camp    (Photograph by Armstrong Roberts)—Alpine Hut on Abbot Pass
Below* at left—Lake O'Hara Camp   (JPhotograph by Leonard Frank)—at right—Yoho Valley Camp
Page Eleven What to do ^YohoVallgy
Yoho Park (area 476 square miles) immediately adjoins Rocky
Mountains Park on the west. It is a region of charm and winsome beauty, of giant mountains and primeval forests, of rushing
rivers and sapphire-like lakes. It has several beautiful lakes—
Emerald, Wapta, O'Hara and Sherbrooke—and affords a wide
variety of recreation, including some magnificent trail trips.
Where to Stay Yoho Park also offers the visitor good accommodation at several points, which are linked up by
excellent roads and trails. Field, a railway divisional point
which nestles at the foot of Mount Stephen—a giant that towers
6,500 feet above the tiny town—is one entry point; the other is
Hector, 12 miles east. From Field a fine motor road runs to
Emerald Lake Chalet—another to the Yoho Valley, while trail
trips over the high passes connect these two points. Across the
lake from Hector is Wapta Camp; seven miles south is Lake
O'Hara Camp; while a road joins the Yoho Valley road from
Field, and leads to Yoho Valley Camp.
While Yoho Park offers every inducement to linger for weeks,
it is possible for the hurried visitor, by means of these camps, to
visit it thoroughly in five days, without retracing his steps. The
following is a suggested itinerary:—
Emerald Lake An excellent motor road crosses the Kicking
Horse River at Field to the base of Mount Burgess, and leads through a forest of balsam and spruce to Emerald
Lake, seven miles distant, passing on the way the Natural
Bridge—a barrier of rock damming the Kicking Horse River.
This beautiful lake, of most exquisite coloring and sublimity of
surroundings, lies placid under the protection of Mount Wapta,
Mount Burgess and Mount President. It is well stocked with
fish and its vicinity affords many charming excursions on foot.
On the shore of the lake a picturesque two-storey log chalet,
which with its supplementary one and two room bungalows has
now accommodation for sixty people, is operated by the Canadian
Pacific (open June 15th to September 15th).
The Yoho Pass After spending the night at Emerald Lake, a
magnificent trail trip on the back of a sure-footed
mountain pony takes one around the lake and over the Yoho
Pass (altitude 6,020 feet). From the summit an extraordinarily
fine view can be obtained. Summit Lake, small but beautifully
colored, has a small rest and tea house; and thence descent is
made into the Yoho Valley.
Yoho Valley Camp The Yoho Valley is one of the most beautiful
in the entire Rockies. Near the end of the
Yoho Pass trail is the Yoho Valley Camp, consisting of small
rustic bungalows with a central dining room (open July 1st
to September 15th). Opposite the camp are the spectacular
Takakkaw Falls, 1,200 feet high, forming one high ribbon of
water descending from precipitous cliffs in clouds of foam. The
accommodation of this camp is for twenty-eight.
The Yoho Valley Camp can also be reached from Field by
irotor road. This is one of the finest long drives in the Rockies
(round trip distance from Field, twenty-two miles). The road,
crossing the Kicking Horse River, follows the milky glacier-fed
stream to where it joins the Yoho River, near the entrance of the
valley at Mount Field, round which it swings and up the valley
until some precipitous cliffs are reached. Up these it zigzags to
a higher level, ending a short distance past the Takakkaw Falls.
Page Twelve
Upper Yoho Valley After lunch at the camp, the visitor can take
a trail into the upper part of the valley, past
Laughing Falls and the Twin Falls (two vast columns of water
that drop almost perpendicularly) to the Yoho and President
Glaciers and the Waputik ice fields. The Yoho Glacier is one of
the most interesting in the Canadian Rockies, and is highly
picturesque. *
A tea and rest house is operated at Twin Falls, with sleeping
accommodation for four, and the visitor can spend the night there,
visiting the glacier the next day and then returning to the Yoho
Valley Camp. Side trips can be made up the Little Yoho to one
of the former camps of the Alpine Club of Canada, and the return
to camp by a higher trail. |
Wapta Camp From theTak&kkaw Falls the trail-rider can next
take the carriage road into Field. About half-way
in it forks: the branch going east leads to Wapta Camp. This
camp, as already stated, can also be reached by train to Hector
Station, just across the lake. The camp, which has a central
community house, is open from July 1st to September 15th,
and has accommodation for about fifty guests.
Amongst the delightful excursions that can be made from Wapta
Camp is one to Ross Lake, a very charming little sheet of water.
Lake O'Hara From Wapta Camp there is a magnificent trail
trip along Cataract Brook to Lake O 'Hara, eight
miles south. This mountain jewel of a lake lies in an open Alpine
meadow that was once the cap of an old glacier, surrounded by
gigantic peaks. A log bungalow camp, with sleeping accommodation for twenty-eight} has been established here, so that the
visitor can rest before retracing his steps to Hector. About an
hour's ride or walk from the camp is Lake McArthur, a splendid
example of a glacial lake.
Those athletically inclined have an alternative return—namely,
to Lake Louise, over the Abbot Pass. This should net, however,
be attempted except when accompanied by a Swiss guide.
SAVE THE FORESTS!
Canada's timber reserves are national assets of
incalculable value. To neglect to take ordinary
precautions which ensure them against destruction from forest fires is to rob civilization.
Quite apart from the danger to the lives, homes
and property of settlers, every acre of forest
burned means labor turned away, reduced markets for manufactured products, heavier taxation
on other property,! and higher lumber prices.
Passengers on traiiis should not throw lighted
cigar or cigarette enjds from car windows. Those
who go into the woods—hunters, fishermen,
campers and canoeists—should consider it their
duty to exercise every care to prevent loss from
fire. If you locate a small fire, endeavor to put
it out. If you can't, do everything possible to
get word to the nearest Fire Warden or other
authority. Small fires should be carefully extinguished.
The Ottertail Road There are a number of other fine excursions in Yoho Park. One is a delightful
drive from either Field or Emerald Lake along the Ottertail road,
the round-trip distance being sixteen miles to the Ottertail Valley,
up which a magnificent view of the triple-headed Mount Goodsir
may be obtained.
Another trip is to the fossil beds, reached from Field by a pony
trail which rises to an elevation of 6,000 feet above the sea level.
The fossil beds are over 2,000 feet in thickness.
The Burgess Pass When one has reached Summit Lake, from
either Emerald Lake or the Yoho Valley
Camp, there is an alternative return over the Burgess Pass—one
of the most magnificent of the easily accessible pony-rides in the
mountains. It affords a breath-taking panorama of a sea of
peaks. The trail skirts the great mass of Mount Wapta, and
passing between Mount Field and Mount Burgess, drops down
through wooded-slopes to Field.    (Altitude of pass 7,150 feet.)
Dennis and Duchesnay A very fine one-day climbing trip, corn-
Passes mencing at Field, and traversing the gap
(Dennis Pass) between Mount Stephen
and Mount Dennis, and from there to Duchesnay Pass. The
descent is made to a beautiful valley under the shadow of the
precipitous crags of Mount Odaray, the valley being followed
until the Lake O'Hara trail is reached. The return from Lake
O'Hara is made by the trail to Wapta Camp.
AUTOMOBILE TARIFF IN YOHO PARK
Field to Emerald Lake. Transfer (train time only), per person each way,
direct route—$1.00. Hand baggage (not exceeding two) free—additional pieces
25c.
Field to Yoho Valley Camp. Transfer (train time only), per person each
way, $1.75.     Hand baggage free.
Field to Emerald Lake (at other times), or Field to Yoho Valley Camp—see
general tariff on page 18.
DRIVES IN YOHO PARK
See general tariff, page 18
PONY TRIPS
FronfField
To Emerald Lake, via Natural Bridge, round trip $3.00: or via Burgess Pass
one way $3.00.
To Yoho Valley Camp, via road or trail, one way $3.00; round trip $4.00.
To Fossil Beds, round trip $2.00.
To Ottertail, round trip $2.50.
To Wapta Camp, one way $2.50; r^und trip $4.00.
From Emerald Lake
To Look-Out Point, round trip $4.00.
To Wapta Camp, one way $4.00.
To Yoho Camp, via Yoho Pass, one way $2.50; round trip $4.00.
From Wapta Camp
To Lake O'Hara, one way $2.00; round trip $4.00.
To Lake Louise, one way $2.50.
From Yoho Valley Camp
To Wapta Camp, one way $3.00.
To Twin Falls, round trip $4.00.
To Lake O'Hara, one way $4.00.
From Lake O'Hara Camp
To Lake Louise, one way $4.00.
For general and pony tariff, see page 18.
The above rates (subject to alteration) are established by the Dominion Parks Branch, Department of the Interior. Attempted overcharges should be reported to the Superintendent, Yoho Park, Field,
B.C. Top Row, left to right-The Yoho Valley   (Photograph by Leonard FranA)-Emerald Lake and Mount Burgess-Twin Falls Yoho Valley
Bottom Row, left—Emerald Lake Chalet—at right, Summit Lake Rest    (Photograph by Armstrong Roberts) '
Page Thirteen Page Fourteen
Top Row, left to right—Lake O'Hara—Open Top Observation Car—Lake McArthur, near Lake O'Hara
Below, left to right—The Road to Emerald Lake—Yoho Park, Central Portion—Takakkaw Falls From Yoho Park the Canadian Pacific descends into the great
"Columbia River Trench" between the Rockies proper and the
second of the great ranges that form the backbone of all North
America, the Selkirks; and then, climbing again, enters another
National Park.
Glacier Park, covering an area of 468 square miles, differs very
noticeably from the other parks of the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
It has an atmosphere of austere maj esty and high loveliness. The
Selkirk Range, smaller in size than the Rockies, is geologically
much older; the tooth of time was already gnawing its scarred
sides when the Rockies were first pushed up from the crumpled
sea-bottom. With its massive peaks and giant glaciers, Glacier
Park has somewhat of an air of isolation and mystery. For the
visitor, it offers a remarkably delightful and exhilarating atmosphere—probably the best in all the mountains. Surrounding it,
too, are some dense forests of fine trees, of great age; chese will
be particularly noticed on the way to Nakimu Caves.
At Glacier is a cosy Canadian Pacific Hotel, Glacier House
(open June 15th to September 15th). This hotel formerly
adjoined the station; but when the Connaught Tunnel through
Mount Macdonald was constructed, the station was moved
about lH miles distant. It is connected with the hotel by a fine
motor road.
The Panorama The panorama from Glacier House is magnifi-
of Glacier cent.    To  the  right  of the  hotel, facing the
lawns, is the gleaming white Illecillewaet
Glacier, hanging on the side of Mount Sir Donald—the latter a
naked and abrupt pyramid that rises to a height of nearly \]/2
miles above the railway. Farther away are the sharp peaks of
Mt. Eagle, Avalanche Crest and Macdonald. Still circling round,
one sees Rogers Pass and the snowy Hermit Range; at the west
end of the range comes Cheops, named after the great pyramid
builder of the Pharaohs, and in the foreground, and far down
among the trees, the Illecillewaet River glistens across the valley.
Circling back again toward the hotel, the shoulders of Ross Peak
are visible over the wooded slope, of Mount Abbott. A glimpse
can be caught, between Ross and Cheops, of the Cougar Valley.
The Illecillewaet Glacier This great plateau of gleaming ice,
framed in a dark forest of giant cedar,
hemlock and spruce trees, scarred by immense crevasses of great
depth and covering an area of about ten square miles, is about two
miles from the hotel, from which it can be reached by walking or
riding on an excellent trail. It affords some remarkable opportunities of observing the movements, recession and kinetics of
glaciers. Mount Sir Donald can be reached by an extension trail
from the glacier trail, and furnishes one of the most attractive
climbs of the region. TheTeturn trip may be taken along the
alternative trail on the east bank of the river.
The Nakimu Caves These curious caves, discovered in 1904, are
situated on the lower slope of Mount Cheops
and Ursus Major, in the Cougar Valley. A series of subterranean
chambers, formed partly by seismic disturbance and partly by
water, they are characterized by beautiful interior marble markings, and have been explored for nearly, a mile.
Horse tally-ho's leave Glacier House twice daily during the
summer season for the Cougar Valley, whence the caves are
reached by foot; or the whole journey can be made by pony.
A small rest house serving meals and accommodating six persons
overnight is operated at the caves.
The Asulkan Valley Tributary to the valley of the Illecillewaet
Glacier is the Asulkan Valley—one of the
most beautiful mountain valleys that are to be found in the
Selkirks. On either side are towering mountain slopes and precipices, exalted rock ledges from which waterfalls leap, and overhanging snow crests. The trail branches off the main glacier
trail, and climbs up the valley to the forefoot of the Asulkan
Glacier.
Glacier Crest A path branches from the Asulkan trail, a short
distance from the first bridge, and climbs, corkscrew fashion, to Glacier Crest, commanding the Illecillewaet
Glacier, with its crevasses, seracs, and moraines.
Cascade Summer-House An  easy   and   delightful   morning's
walk is to the Cascade Summerhouse,
on the lower slopes of Mount Avalanche. From this point the
cascade tumbles in a series of leaps a distance of 1,200 feet. Still
higher up one may go to Avalanche Crest. A magnificent view of
the Bonney Ridge and glacier may be had from this point.
Mount Abbott Another very interesting trip is to the "overlook" on Mount Abbott. The trail leaves the
rear of the hotel and climbs gradually up the slope to Marion
Lake, a sombre little mountain tarn that yields some extraordinary reflections. Here the trail forks; one branch goes to the
observation point, which is very close at hand, the other to the
Abbott Alp, a beautiful grassy upland from which one can look
down upon the enormous glacier.
Rogers Pass Rogers Pass, the summit of the Selkirk Range as
formerly crossed by the railway (altitude 4,342
feet), can be reached from the Nakimu Caves by a trail over
Baloo Pass along the flower-carpeted and wooded valley of Bear
Creek. The spectacular loop that was imperative for the train
to reach the old station can be easily imagined. From here
the stupendous precipices of Mount Tupper may be seen to great
advantage. The trail to the Rogers amphitheatre may be taken
from this point.
The return to Glacier House can be made over a direct trail
from Rogers Pass, paralleling the old right-of-way.
Climbing Glacier is the centre for some of the finest mountaineering country of North America. Mounts Abbott,
Afton and Avalanche can be climbed without much difficulty;
for the more experienced climber there are Mounts Hermit,
Castor, Pollux, Tupper, Rogers, Eagle and Sir Donald. Besides
the Illecillewaet and Asulkan glaciers, Glacier Park has several
other glaciers, including Deville, Rogers, Bonney, Black, Bishop's,
Dawson, Geikie, Swanzy, Clarke, Fox, Eagle, Tupper and Sulzer.
West of Glacier The westward journey from Glacier is downhill towards the Pacific. About 10 miles from
Glacier Park, Mount Revelstoke Park begins; this new National
Park affords a magnificent scenic automobile drive almost to
its summit. Sicamous, some 45 miles farther, is the junction
point for the fertile Okanagan Valley, to the south; it is also a
favorite stopping-over point for those who wish to view the
mountain panorama entirely by daylight. A charming hotel
is operated here by the Canadian Pacific. Shuswap Lake, upon
which the station stands, affords excellent boating and fine trout
fishing. At Kamloops the impressive canyon scenery of the
Thompson River begins, heightened later by the Fraser River,
the principal river of British Columbia.
Note—Swiss Guides are stationed at the Hotel and are
available for the service of tourists for the fee of $7.00per
day. The guides provide rope, ice axes, etc., and visitors
intending to climb should be equipped with stout boots,
well nailed.
GLACIERS
Apart from their grandeur and beauty as masses of bare rock
and verdure, the Rockies have superb and everlasting snow fields
and mighty glaciers. Of these, the most notable in the proximity
of Canadian Pacific Hotels and the Bungalow Camps are Victoria and Lefroy Glaciers at Lake Louise, the Yoho Glacier in
the Yoho Valley, the Illecillewaet Glacier at Glacier, and the
Lake of the Hanging Glaciers in the Lake Windermere Valley.
A glacier is, broadly speaking, an accumulation of ice, of
sufficient size and weight to flow down from a snow-covered
elevation. It is a river flowing from a lake, only che lake is
of snow and the river of ice. The thickness of the ice will vary
greatly—it may be, under favorable conditions, as much as
1,000 feet.
Glaciers Frequently glaciers extend far below the snow line
Move of the region, because their great masses of ice are so
thick that they are not entirely melted during the
warm summer months. The functions of a river and a glacier
are identical, the drainage of a certain district or basin. Exactly
how a glacier moves has not been satisfactorily explained, but
that it does move has been proved by hundreds of observations
and calculations. More than that, the stream at the centre of
a glacier moves much faster than at the sides or bottom.
One of the most interesting characteristics of glaciers is the
power to transport rocks and other heavy material over great
distances. These are '' moraines." The glaciers of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, like those of other countries, are almost all
now "in retreat," either because the climate is growing warmer
or because the snowfall is lessening.
SOME COMMON MOUNTAINEERING TERMS
1' Bergschrund "—The great crevasse separating the commencement of a snow field from the mountain side.
"Crevasse"—A crack extending into the ice, often of great width
and depth.
"Dry Glacier"—The lower part of a glacier where it is free from
snow.
"Glacier-Table"—A   large   block   of  stone   on   a   dry   glacier,
balanced on a column of ice.
" Moraines "—The  piles   of  rocks   and   stones,   surrounding   a
glacier, which have been transported by it.
"Moulin"—A shaft or well cut through a glacier by a stream.
"Neve"—The snow field from which a glacier flows.
"Serac"—An ice tower formed by the intersection of transverse
and longitudinal crevasses.
"Tongue" (or Snout)—The end of the glacier; the fore-foot.
AUTOMOBILE, CARRIAGE AND PONY TARIFF AT GLA(|IER
Transfer, station to hotel (train time only)—50c each way. Hand baggage
(two pieces) free; additional pieces or heavy baggage—25c each.
Drive from hotel to end of road to Nakimu Caves, 5 miles, with carriage,
team and driver, round trip, 2-3 persons $6.00; 4-5 persons $9.00.f Tally-ho
(when operated), $2.50 per person, round trip.
To Rogers Pass, with carriage, team and driver, round trip, 2-3 persons $4.50,
4-5 persons $7.50.
Pony Trips From Glacier %
To Illecillewaet Glacier, round trip $2.00. '
To Marion Lake, round trip $2.00.
To Asulkan Glacier, round trip $3.00.
To Overlook, Mount Abbott, round trip $4.00.
To Nakimu Caves, round trip $3.50—or via Baloo Pass $4.00.
To Flat Creek, round trip $4.00.
Above rates subject to alteration.
General tariff for carriages or ponies, see page 18.
Page Fifteen Page Sixteen
Top Row, left to right—Down Bear Creek from Baloo Pass—Hotel Sicamous—Ross Peak
Bottom Row, left—Glacier House—at right, Illecillewaet Glacier.    Inset—Cabin at Nakimu Caves At Top—A Climbing Excursion at Glacier
Bottom Row, left to right—Connaught Tunnel and Mount Macdonald—Glacier Park—Mount Sir Donald.    In Circle—"The Meeting of the Waters," near Glacier
Page Seventeen OTORING the CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIE/
Visitors to Rocky Mountains Park will find a number of very
attractive motor excursions available. Around Banff especially
there is a considerable mileage of good automobile roads. Cars
can be hired in Banff. Of the longer local trips, that from Banff
to Lake Louise, paralleling both the railway and the Bow River,
is exceptionally fine. A daily sight-seeing service is maintained
on this route.
The Blue Trail With the opening last year of the Banff-
Windermere road a through automobile route
across the Canadian Pacific Rockies is now available via Banff
or Lake Louise, Rocky Mountains Park and Kootenay Park.
This road, which connects with the Golden-Fort Steele-Cranbrook road traversing the beautiful Windermere Valley, is the
Canadian end of the great highroad which leaves Portland,
Oregon, under the name of the Columbia Highway, It is also
an important link in the Grand Circle Tour, linking Crater Lake
National Park, Yosemite National Park, Grant National Park,
Sequoia National Park, Grand Canyon, Arizona, Yellowstone
Park, Glacier Park (Montana), and Waterton Lakes Park with
the Rocky Mountains Park of Canada. This highway, coming
from the south, crosses into Canada a little east of Waterton
Lakes Park, Alberta, passing through Macleod, Claresholm and
High River into Calgary. From Calgary west it utilizes the
Calgary-Banff road which has been in existence for some years.
From Banff the route is the same as that to Lake Louise, but
at Castle Mountain (about 20 miles before reaching Lake Louise)
it leaves this road and takes a more southerly course, crossing
the Bow and rising to the Vermilion Pass (altitude 5,264 feet).
Here it enters Kootenay Park. From Marble Canyon, a
remarkable fissure three hundred feet deep, there is a trail to the
curious Ochre beds. The road then follows the Vermilion River
to its junction with the Kootenay River. This again it crosses
and follows through a beautiful avenue through virgin forest, then
ascending the Sinclair Pass between the Briscoe and Stanford
Ranges. Turning westerly again, it reaches Sinclair Hot Springs,
long famous for their radium qualities, and emerging through the
gap of Sinclair Canyon, meets the Columbia River about nine
miles north of Lake Windermere. The highroad follows the east
side of Lake Windermere and the Kootenay River, through Canal
Flats and Fort Steele, to Cranbrook. Thence it is for some miles
the same as the Red Trail Route (see below), but near the international boundary it turns south through Idaho to Spokane,
continuing thence by way of the Columbia Highway to Portland
and so on to California.
This new Banff-Lake Windermere automobile highway affords
one of the most magnificent routes of the whole continent. It
is a good, hard road, of stable construction.
It is anticipated that a regular daily sightseeing motor service
will be maintained over this road, from both Banff and Lake
Louise, during the summer of 1924.
Halts en Route Banff has its hotels, and so has Lake Windermere ; but the scenery between is too beautiful
to rush through without stops by the way. To afford accommodation to those making this trip, the Canadian Pacific has erected
three bungalow camps, which are operated by lessees.
These halts for meals or sleeping accommodation are conveniently spaced as to distance. They are Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp (26 miles from Banff), with sleeping accommodation
for 18 in log bungalows, Vermilion River Camp (50 miles from
Banff), with sleeping accommodation for 18 in log bungalows, and
Sinclair Hot Springs Camp (91 miles from Banff), with sleeping
accommodation  for 14 in canvas houses.    Each has in addition
Page Eighteen
a central log cabin house for dining and recreational purposes,
and each is open from July 1st until September 15th. Their
location is indicated on the) map which faces this page.
Each of these camps has its own attractions that merit a longer
stay than overnight. Fuller particulars will be found in a folder
issued by the Canadian Pacific," Bungalow Camps in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies." ?
Lake Windermere Camp At Lake Windermere is Lake Windermere Camp, established a few
years ago, a popular bungalow camp consisting of a community
house and rustic bungalow cabins, with total accommodation for
about fifty.    (Open July 1st until September 15th.)
This camp is a centre for excursions up Toby Creek and Horse
Thief Creek to the great ice fields of the Selkirks, notably the
Lake of the Hanging Glaciers, where eight distinct glaciers empty
into one Alpine lake. There are curative hot springs at Sinclair
and Fairmont. Bathing, riding, boating, fishing, motoring can
be enjoyed on the shores of this beautiful warm watei lake, and
Alpine climbers can use the camp as headquarters for expeditions
into the Selkirks. There is good trout fishing in nearby creeks
and some of the smaller lakes.
A monument to one of the most famous Western explorers has
now been erected very close to the camp—the David Thompson
Memorial Fort, a replica of a Hudson's Bay trading post of a
century ago. Built of huge logs with palisades, it is used as a
recreation centre and Indian museum.
Upper Columbia Valley   An alternative   to   the   Banff-Lake
Windermere road is to traverse the
Upper Columbia Valley between Golden and Lake Windermere,
shipping the automobile by rail over the section between Lake
Louise and Golden. This drive, through Spillimacheen, in full
view of the snow-capped Rockies on one side and of the Selkirks on
the other, is well worth taking.
Mount Revelstoke Park   A  few   miles   west  of Glacier   (see
page 15) is Mount Revelstoke Park,
100 square miles in extent. Bounded on the south by the Illecillewaet River, it includes not only the striking mountain from
which it derives its name, but also the Clach-na-Cudainn Range.
The park, altogether a mountain-top one, provides a wonderful
automobile trip. A road, as hard and smooth as a city boulevard,
has been constructed by the Dominion Government to within two
miles of its summit, which it will eventually reach. The distance from Revelstoke city to this point is about 13 miles, and
the drive takes about two hours. The road ascends by an
easy grade through a virgin forest—a tortuous route that
winds around in sometimes a most extraordinary manner, along
rocky ledges and on the verge of deep chasms. The glory of the
ride is the remarkable view that can be obtained all the way up
of the valley below, flat as a floor—the Selkirks to the south-east,
the Gold Range to the south-west, and the Columbia and Illecillewaet rivers twisting like ribbons around the city.
The Red Trail The Red Trail Route, forming the interpro-
vincial highway from the prairies to British
Columbia, uses the Crow's Nest Pass. It begins at Medicine
Hat, passing through Lethbridge and Macleod, and can be joined
from the Blue Trail at the 1 atter point from either north or south.
Following for some distance the windings of the Old Man
River, it reaches the many prosperous communities of the Crow's
Nest Pass. This region is an important coal-mining one. The
scenery is extraordinarily fine   throughout.    At   Crow's   Nest
British Columbia is entered, and thence descent is made to Fernie,
the largest town of south-eastern British Columbia, where good
mountain climbing, hunting and fishing are to be obtained.
From Fernie onwards we are within the sphere of influence of
the fertile Kootenay River. The next important point is Cranbrook, a very attractive town, the centre of a rich silver-lead
mining and farming district. Here the Blue Trail from Lake
Windermere joins us from the North. Still descending we reach
Creston, in a very prosperous fruit-farming district. The road
formerly ended here, and a detour into the United States was
necessary, but it has now been extended to Kuskanook, on the
east side of Kootenay Lake. At this point cars may be loaded
on steamers and transported across Kootenay Lake to Nelson.
Waterton Lakes Park    Waterton Lakes Park (referred to   on
page 2) can be reached by road   from
either Pincher Creek, on the Red Trail Route, or from Cardston
or Glen wood ville on the Blue Trail Route south of Macleod.
DISTANCES—BANFF-LAKE WINDERMERE ROAD AND
KOOTENAY PARK (ONE WAY)
Banff to Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp—26 miles. Storm Mountain
Bungalow Camp to Marble Canyon—9 miles. Marble Canyon to Vermilion
River Camp—16 miles. Vermilion River Camp to Sinclair Hot Springs Camp
—41 miles. Sinclair Hot Springs Camp to Lake Windermere Camp—12 miles.
Total—104 miles.
GENERAL AUTOMOBILE TARIFF AT BANFF, LAKE LOUISE,
YOHO PARK and GLACIER PARK
(a) Per hour. Hourly rate, without specified distance—$5.00 per
5-passenger car ($2.00 waiting); per 7-passenger car—$6.50 ($3.00 waiting).
*' Waiting time " is that exceeding 15 minutes.
(b) Per mile. One way, per person per mile—15c; round trip—25c.
Minimum, 5-passenger car—3 fares (45c per mile one way; 75c per mile round
trip). Minimum, 7-passenger car—4 fares (60c per mile one way; $1.00 per
mile round trip).
On all trips exceeding 50 miles, these rates are subject to 10 per cent, reduction.
(c) Motor Coach (where operated). Any trip up to 50 miles, one way per
person per mile—12 He; return—20c. Over 50 miles, one way per person per
mile—10c;    return—17 He.
These rates may be calculated to nearest 25c.
LIVERY AND PONY TARIFF
BANFF, LAKE LOUISE, YOHO PARK, GLACIER PARK
Saddle horses, per day—$4.00; half day, or part—$2.50.
Guide with pony, per day—$6.00; half day, or part—$4.00.
Pack horse, per day—$2.50.
Single rig, without driver (not at Glacier);   First hour, or part—$1.75;   Second
hour—$1.00; each additional hour—75c; per day, 9 hours—$5.00,
Single rig, with driver (not at Glacier): First hour,  or part—$2.50;     Second
hour—$1.25; each additional hour—$1,00; per day, 9 hours—$7.00.
Surrey, or two-seated carriage, with driver:   First hour, or part—$2.75;   each
additional hour—$1.50; per day, 9 hours—$10.00.
Three-seated carriage, with driver: First hour, or part—$4.50;   Second hour—
$2.00; each additional hour—$1.50; per day, 9 hours—$12.00.
RANCH LIFE IN THE FOOTHILLS
At three places in the foothills of the Canadian Pacific Rockies
now, the visitor can experience all the novelties of ranch life
interspersed with romantic excursions into the near-by mountains,
good trout fishing, and in season excellent big-game hunting,
including grizzly bear, mountain goat, and mountain sheep.
These are the Kananaskis Dude Ranch, the T.S. Ranch, near
High River, and the Buffalo Head Ranch, also near High River.
Frequent exhibitions of riding, broncho busting, roping, and
other cowboy stunts add materially to the entertainment offered
guests. Accommodation is provided in log cabins or tents,
with a central cabin for dining and recreation purposes. Further
information can be obtained from C. B. Brewster, Kananaskis
Dude Ranch, Kananaskis, Alta., Guy Weadick, T.S. Ranch,
Longview P.O., Alta., or the Manager, Buffalo Head Ranch,
Pekisko, Alta. At Top—View over Bow Valley from Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp, on the Banff-Lake Windermere Automobile Road
>Bottom Row, at left—Vermilion River Camp—In Circle—Lake Windermere Camp—At Sinclair Hot Springs Camp    (Photograph by Armstrong Roberts)
Page Nineteen SIRS:
Hunting ^ canaman pacific rocki
^
While hunting is forbidden within the National Parks in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent sport to be had
outside the Park limits, and the Canadian Pacific Railway hotels
and bungalow camps are good starting points for some of the best
hunting grounds.
Bear British Columbia is the last home of the grizzly, that
fierce and rapacious member of the bear family. He
is to be found pretty much throughout the Selkirks and Rockies;
there are particularly good opportunities along the Coast inlets,
while the East Kootenay, Lillooet and Cariboo districts and the
country reached from Revelstoke are likewise promising hunting
grounds. Brown bear, the largest carnivorous animal in the world
to-day, is a trophy par excellence, and the hunter who succeeds in
bagging one of these huge and ferocious animals can be assured
of pulse-quickening memories for the rest of his life. The best
time to hunt for bear is in the spring, when their fur is at its best.
The Mountain Goat The Rocky Mountain goat, whose uncanny beard gives him almost a human
appearance, has his habitat among the peaks of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies. He is a brave and fearless fighter, and is more
than a match for any dog that dares to attack him. His sharp
and needle-like horns and strong, pointed hoofs are excellent
weapons of defence against his enemies. He is the most daring
of all mountain climbers, remarkably sure-footed, and delights
in scaling great heights and taking perilous leaps across chasms.
His coat is white, soft and fluffy, and the color has the effect of
magnifying his size, which is usually about thirty-five to forty
inches at the shoulder. When full grown he weighs from 200 to
250 pounds. He has practically no enemies save men and eagles.
When danger threatens he climbs up or down the steepest precipice he can find, and there is no wild creature without wings that
can follow him.
The Bighorn The Bighorn or Rocky Mountain sheep is to-day
probably considered the most valued prize obtainable by the sportsman. Its home is among the fastnesses of the
Canadian Pacific Rockies. This animal is of a suspicious nature,
but is sure-footed and self-reliant, and will escape over rocks which
the hunter finds impossible to traverse. Its flesh is pronounced
by epicures to be the most delicious of the world's game, and its
massive, wide-spreading horns make a beautiful ornament. Of
all Canadian big game the bighorn is most wary and difficult to
bag. His vigilance is admirable, and once he has regained the
higher ground, after feeding during the early morning, only the
combination of luck and skill will secure a successful shot.
Moose and Caribou    The moose, that monarch  of the forest,
whose mighty antlers make him such a
desirable prize, ranges plentifully through the more heavily wooded
stretches of the Rockies.
The caribou inhabits a more open country than the moose, and
is found in goodly numbers on the moss-covered barrens in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies, where some very large heads have been
shot.
Principal Hunting Districts The Lillooet District is a fine
country for hunting the common
bighorn. The town of Lillooet, reached by motor road from Ashcroft or Lytton, is a good outfitting centre. Here guides can be
picked up and all essentials for a trip obtained.
The Cariboo District offers the hunter a variety and abundance
of big game. Grizzlies, moose, caribou, and mountain goat are
all to be found in this region, while black bear are also often shot.
The fishing, too, is remarkably good and the scenery indescribably
beautiful. Hunting and fishing grounds are best reached by auto
from Ashcroft. Complete outfits and reliable guides can be
secured at various points in the district.
The East Kootenay is an excellent field for the sportsman,
offering the greatest variety of big game to be found in any
section of the North American continent. Bighorn sheep, mountain goat, moose, wapiti (elk), caribou, mule and Virginian deer,
grizzly, brown and black bear are among the possibilities. Most
of these species can be secured within reasonable distance of a
base camp on the Kootenay River and all within an extreme
radius of about eighty miles.
Invermere (station Lake Windermere, seventy-four miles south
of Golden) is the natural gateway and outfitting point.    Auto
may be taken from here to Kootenay River Crossing, where saddle
horses and outfit can be in waiting, so that the hunter may be in
the heart of the best hunting district the same evening.
The B.C. Very good grizzly hunting can be secured along the
Coast British   Columbia   coast.    Very   frequently   parties
for spring hunting are organized, and are open to all
sportsmen. Steamers can be taken from Vancouver for the
initial journey, and the rest of the trip made by canoe and by
packing in. A good time to hunt is from April 15th to June 15th,
and very often some fine fishing can be enjoyed on the side.
The Cassiar The Cassiar country, which lies back of the range
Country of mountains that immediately fringes the upper
British Columbia coast, close to the Alaska-Yukon
boundary, is one of the finest and most celebrated sporting regions
of the continent. In this district are found mountain sheep,
mountain goat, moose, caribou, and grizzly, brown and black bear.
Under ordinary circumstances there is no difficulty in securing
the full limit of game which the law allows.
The "way in" to the Cassiar country is to leave Vancouver
by Canadian Pacific steamer for Wrangel, Alaska—a journey of
two days. Thence launch is taken up the Stikine River to Telegraph Creek, and it is then necessary to pack in for the remainder
of the trip, by horse. An alternative approach is by steamer to
Skagway, Alaska, thence by rail to Carcross, steamer to Atlin, and
pack train.
Equipment In the way of equipment, sportsmen require to
bring only their own rifles, ammunition, blankets,
and field glasses. Everything else is furnished by the outfitters. It is generally good practice to engage guides and to
make all other arrangements for outfits well in advance.
Full information as to hunting possibilities in the different
localities of the mountains and the British Columbia coast,
with lists of outfitters, guides, etc., is contained in a series of
bulletins issued by the Canadian Pacific Railway, and which
will be gladly furnished upon request by the General Tourist
Agent, Montreal, Oue.
Page Twenty
Bighorn Mountain Sheep
Rocky Mountain Goat
A Close Up W5SK3
WHAT TO DO AT
AND
Vancouver Vancouver, the terminal of the Canadian Pacific
trans-continental rail lines and its trans-Pacific
steamship routes, is the largest commercial centre in British
Columbia. It has an excellent harbor nearly land-locked and
fully sheltered, facing a beautiful range of mountains. Two
peaks, silhouetted against the sky, and remarkably resembling
two couchant lions, are visible from almost any point in the city
or harbor, which has been appropriately called "The Lion's
Gate." The city is most picturesquely situated on Burrard
Inlet, surrounded by beautiful environs of varied character. All
kinds of water sports are available, and are encouraged through
a mild climate and extensive bodies of water. There are many
bathing beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile roads, and paved
streets.
The magnificent Hotel Vancouver is the finest hotel of the
North Pacific, with 490 guests' bedrooms. Wonderful views of
the Strait of Georgia can be obtained from the roof garden of this
hotel.
Canada's Pacific Port Vancouver is a highly important port.
From here the well-known Canadian
Pacific "Princess" steamers offer splendid service to Victoria,
Seattle, Northern British Columbia, and Alaska. Canadian
Pacific "Empress" steamships cross the Pacific to Japan, China
and the Philippines. The Canadian-Australasian Line runs
regularly from Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand
and Australia.
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and shingle
mills. Mining, lumbering, farming, shipbuilding, and shipping,
with a vast Oriental business, form the reason of the city's phenomenal growth and prosperity. From a forest clearing less than
forty years ago it has become one of the principal cities and most
important seaports of the North Pacific Coast.
Motoring The roads around the city are famous for their excellence, and there are many fine drives, varying from
an hour to a day in time. Amongst them may be mentioned
Stanley Park—one of the finest natural parks in the world, a
primeval forest right within the city limits and containing thousands of Douglas firs and giant cedars of a most amazing size and
age. The park is encircled by a perfect road, nine miles in
length. The "Marine Drive" takes the visitor through the best
residential parts of the city, including Shaughnessy Heights and
Point Grey, thence to the mouth of the Fraser River, with its
fleets of salmon trawlers, and back along the coast past bathing
beaches and golf links. Capilano Canyon, a gorge of great
natural beauty, in North Vancouver, is reached over a good road.
The suspension bridge across the canyon, 200 feet above the
roaring waters, is visited by thousands of people annually. The
Pacific Highway, including Kingsway, runs through Vancouver,
connecting up with the main American roads of the Northwest.
With the exception of about 115 miles, this road is paved all the
way from Vancouver to Mexico.
Golf and Tennis Vancouver has five good golf courses which
are open to visitors. These comprise four
18-hole courses—Shaughnessy Heights Club, the Vancouver Golf
and Country Club, the Marine Drive Golf and Country Club, and
the Point Grey Club—and one 9-hole course, the Jericho Golf
and Country Club. Guests at the Hotel Vancouver have special
privileges at the Shaughnessy Heights Club, which is recognized
as one of the best links on the Pacific Coast.    There are a number
of good tennis clubs. Members of any recognized tennis club
have the privilege of membership in the Vancouver Tennis Club,
which has eight courts and a beautiful clubhouse.
Bathing and Boating There are numerous fine bathing
beaches around Vancouver. The most
easily reached are English Bay and Kitsilano—both on the streetcar line. The scene at English Bay, which lies at one entrance
to Stanley Park, on a sunny afternoon is one of great animation.
Burrard Inlet, English Bay, and the North Arm are excellent
places also for boating. Vancouver boasts of one of the finest
yacht clubs on the Pacific Coast, which extends a hearty welcome
to members of recognized yacht clubs.
Sporting A great variety of fishing can be obtained around Vancouver. In season, salmon, spring, cohoe and tyee,
steelheads, Dolly Varden, rainbow, cut-throat, and sea trout are
plentiful. Within easy reach of the city there is also wonderful
shooting. Grouse, duck, teal, mallard, snipe, pheasants and
partridges are plentiful in season. Lulu Island, Sea Island, the
North Shore and Seymour Flats are all within an hour of the
Hotel Vancouver.
Steamer Trips Some fine steamer trips can be made from Vancouver. Chief amongst them, perhaps, is the
4}^ hours' trip across the Juan de Fuca Strait to Victoria. Then
there is a particularly interesting trip to Nanaimo, a cruise
amongst the Gulf Islands, and others to Comox, Powell River, etc.
An excellent circle tour may be made by taking a "Princess"
steamer to Victoria, the E. 8s N. train from Victoria to Nanaimo,
thence back to Vancouver by steamer.
VICTORIA
Victoria Victoria is charmingly situated at thesouthern end of
Vancouver Island. Its delightfully mild climate
makes it a favorite resort for both summer and winter, and owing
to the characteristic beauty of its residential district, it has often
been called "a bit of England on the shores of the Pacific." It is
distinctively a home city, with fine roads and beautiful gardens,
although its enterprising business district speaks of a rich commerce drawn from the fishing, lumber, and agricultural industries
of Vancouver Island. Victoria's beauty lies in its residential
districts, its boulevards, parks, public buildings* numerous bathing beaches and semi-tropical foliage.
The Empress Hotel, last in the chain of Canadian Pacific hotels,
overlooks the inner harbor, within a stone's throw of the Parliament buildings. It is an hotel of stately architecture, hospitable
spirit, spacious atmosphere   and social warmth.
Beacon Hill Park One of the city's public parks, contains 154
acres laid out as recreation grounds and
pleasure gardens, fifteen minutes' walk from the Empress Hotel
and included in all sight-seeing trips in the city. Magnificent
views can be obtained from Beacon Hill across the Straits of
Juan de Fuca and of Olympic Mountains on the mainland.
Parliament Buildings Victoria is the capital of British Columbia. The Parliament Buildings,
which rank among the handsomest in America, overlook the inner
harbor. Adjoining them is the Provincial Museum, very complete and interesting, and containing a large assortment of specimens of natural history, native woods, Indian curios and prehistoric instruments.    The Provincial Library contains a large
collection of historical prints, documents, and other works of
great value and interest.
Oak Bay   Oak Bay is one of the principal residential districts
of Victoria.    With an excellent hotel, it has facilities
for boating and some fine walks along the sea front.
Brentwood Near Brentwood, a charming resort on Saanich
Inlet, about 15 miles from the city by street-car
or automobile, are the beautiful and famous gardens of Mr. R. P.
Butchart. In no part of America can any more diversified gardens be found than these, for besides sunken gardens there are
acres of rose gardens, stretches of velvet lawns bordered with
flowers of every description, and a Japanese, or fairy, garden.
Visitors are admitted without charge every day.
Saanich Mountain   Reached by automobile or street-car.    The
Observatory new telescope, which has a 72-inch reflec
tor, has just been installed and is the second
largest in the world. The observatory, in addition to being of
interest itself, commands from its site one of the finest views on
the Pacific Coast.
Golf Victoria can be considered as an approximation to the
"golfer's paradise," for in its equable climate golf can be
enjoyed every day of the year. Three 18-hole and two 9-hole
courses are open to visitors, and are all convenient to the city,
well kept and of fine location. They are the Victoria Golf Club
(18 holes), the Colwood Golf and Country Club (18 holes), the
Uplands Golf Club (18 holes), Macauley Point Golf Club (9
holes) and Cedar Hill Club (9 holes). Guests at the Empress
Hotel have special privileges at the Colwood Club.
Sporting The fishing and shooting on Vancouver Island are of the
best—trout, salmon, pheasant, grouse, cougar, bear,
deer and moose being the prizes. Shawinigan Lake, Cowichan
Lake, Sproat Lake, Great Central Lake and Campbell River are
amongst the most famous fishing streams of this continent.
There are also excellent bird shooting and big game hunting.
Sportsmen wishing fuller information should communicate with
the Victoria and Island Publicity Bureau, Victoria.
Motoring There are as many good moor trips radiating from
Victoria as from any other place in America. The
roads are excellent, and car owners from the United States who
wish to tour Vancouver Island can bring their cars into Canada
for one month by signing a registration card at point of entry;
if a longer stay is made the usual bond is easily arranged. Among
the popular trips are: Victoria, Marine Drive, and Mount
Douglas Park; Little Saanich Mountain Observatory and Brentwood ; tour of Saanich Peninsula; the famous Malahat Drive to
Shawinigan and Duncan; Nanaimo, via Parksville to Cameron
Lake, on over Alberni Summit; the Grand Island Highway Tour—
Victoria, Duncan, Nanaimo, Cameron Lake, Port Alberni,
Qualicum and Campbell River, and the entire Georgian Circuit
International Tour, the greatest and most complete scenic tour
on the continent.
Strathcona Park This is a new national park, of 785 square
miles, reached by the E. & N. Railway to
Courtenay, or by motor highway to upper Campbell Lake, and
thence by pack train. The lakes and streams abound with trout
and salmon, and the motoring is excellent.
Page Twenty-one Top Row, left to right—The Roof Garden, Hotel Vancouver—The Hotel Vancouver—English Bay, Vancouver    (Photograph by Leonard Frank)
Page Twenty-two Bottom Row, left to right—Jervis Inlet, near Vancouver    (Photograph by Trans-Canada Photo  Service)—Automobile Routes from Vancouver—In Stanley Park    (Photograph by Leonard Frank) Top Row, left to right—Empress Hotel, Victoria—A Victoria Lawn—Colwood Golf Course, Victoria
Bottom Row, left to right—Parliament Buildings, Victoria—Automobile Routes from Victoria—Along the Malahat Drive
Page Twenty-three ■ill
Photographs by Armstrong Roberts, etc.
On the Wolverine Plateau
In Sinclair Canyon
TRAIL RIDING IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
Getting ready for the trail
At Banff
No need for bridges
Morning in Camp
Page Twenty-four  1?
SHOWING     MAIN    LINE   OF
WITH   BRANCH   LINES CANADIAN PACIFIC  AGENCIES
THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
Atlanta	
Banff	
Bellingham.
Boston	
Buffalo.
CANADA  AND   UNITED  STATES
.. .Ga.—E. G. Chesbrough, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 49 N. Forsyth St.
. .Alta.—J. A. McDonald C.P.R. Station
.Wash.—S. B. Freeman, City Passenger Agent 1252 Elk St.
.Mass.—L. R. Hart, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 405 Boylston St.
. N.Y.—H. R. Mathewson, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 160 Pearl St.
Calgary Alta.—J. E. Proctor, District Pass. Agt C.P.R. Station
Chicago Ill.—T. J. Wall, Gen. Agt. Rail Traffic 71E Jackson Blvd.
Cincinnati Ohio—M. E. Malone, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 201 Dixie Terminal Bldg.
Cleveland Ohio—G. H. Griffin, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 1040 Prospect Ave.
Detroit Mich.—G. G. McKay, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 1239 Griswold St.
Duluth Minn.—David Bertie, Trav. Passenger Agent Soo Line Depot
Edmonton Alta.—C. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent C.P.R. Building
Fort William Ont.—A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agt 404 Victoria Ave.
Guelph. Ont.—W. C. Tully, City Passenger Agent 30 Wyndham St.
Halifax N.S.—J. D. Chipman, City Passenger Agent 17 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont.—A. Craig, City Passenger Agent Cor. King and Jame3 Sts.
Honolulu  . .T.H.—Theo. H. Davies & Co.
Juneau Alaska—J. L. McClosky, Agent.
Kansas City Mo.—R. G. Norris, City Pass. Agent 601 Railway Exchange Bldg.
Ketchikan Alaska—F. E. Ryus, Agent.
Kingston Ont.—F. Conway, City Passenger Agent 180 Wellington St.
London Ont.—H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent 417 Richmond St.
Los Angeles Cal.—W. Mcllroy, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 605 South Spring St.
Milwaukee Wis.—F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent 68 Wisconsin St.
Minneapolis Minn.—H. M. Tait, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 611 2nd Ave. South
_-.,   -„    . ~ /R. G. Amiot, District Pass. Agent Windsor Station
Montreal. . ...... Que.—1F c  Lydon> city Pass. Agent  141 St. James St.
Moose Jaw ......;. .Sask.—A. C. Harris, Ticket Agent Canadian Pacific Station
Nelson...  . .B.C.—J. S. Carter, District Pass. Agent Baker & Ward Sts.
New York  .N.Y.—F. R. Perry, Gen. Agt. Rail Traffic Madison Ave. at 44th St.
North Bay.  .Ont.—L. O. Tremblay, District Pass. Agt 87 Main Street West
Ottawa  Ont.—J. A. McGill, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 83 Sparks St.
Peterboro. . . Ont.—J. Skinner, City Passenger Agent George St.
Philadelphia. ".,.. .Pa.—R. C. Clayton, City Pass. Agt Locust St. at 15th.
Pittsburg.. .• . . .Pa.—C. L. Williams, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 340 Sixth Ave.
Portland Ore.—W. H. Deacon, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 55 Third St.
Prince  Rupert..    .. .B.C.—W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec ". Que—C. A. Langevin, City Pass. Agent Palais Station
Regina . . .Sask.—G. D. Brophy, District Pass. Agt Canadian Pacific Station
St. John N.B.—G. B. Burpee, District Pass. Agent 40 King St.
St. Louis Mo.—Geo. P. Carbrey, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 420 Locust St.
St. Paul Minn.—W. H. Lennon, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept. Soo Line Robert and Fourth Sts.
San Francisco Cal.—F. L. Nason, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept.. 675 Market St.
Saskatoon.. Sask.—W. E. Lovelock, City Pass. Agent AM . .fi 115 Second Ave.
Sault Ste Marie Ont.—J. O. Johnston, City Pass. Agent. .   ....*... 529 Queen Street
Seattle... Wash.—E. L. Sheehan, Gen. Agt. Pass.  Dept. . . 608 Second Ave.
Sherbrooke. Que.—J. A. Metivier, City Pass. Agt.... . ... ,....;.. ."-, 74 Wellington St.
Skagway Alaska—L. H. Johnston, Agent.
Spokane Wash.—E. L. Cardie, Traffic Mgr. Spokane International Ry.
Tacoma ...... .Wash.—-D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent. .........,.'. 1113 Pacific Ave.
Toronto Ont.—Wm. Fulton, District Passenger Agent.  . .'••:.'. .. .Canadian Pacific Bldg.
Vancouver B.C.—F. H. Daly, City Passenger Agent. . .'................. .434 Hastings St. West
Victoria B.C.—L. D. Chetham, District Passenger Agent.  .1102 Government St.
Washington D.C—C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent MM/A. .-. ..:■ 1419 New York Ave.
Windsor.. . ...... Ont.—W. C. Elmer, City Passenger Agent  .34 Sandwich St. West
Winnipeg....,.,,, .Man.—J. W. Dawson, District Passenger Agent.   .Main and Portage
EUROPE
Antwerp..'. Belgium—A. L. Rawlinson •...   .. .25 Quai  Jardaens
Belfast Ireland—Wm. McCalla . . ..41-43 Victoria St.
Birmingham ...... .Eng.—W. T. Treadaway. : . . MMMM: :.t: . . . .....7/;... .. .... . . . . .4 Victoria Square
Bristol Eng.—A. S. Ray  . .18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brussels Belgium—C. De Mey 92 Blvd. Adolphe-Max
Glasgow Scotland—W. Stewart 25 Bothwell St.
Hamburg Germany—J. H. Gardner Gansemarkt 3
Liverpool Eng.—R. E. Swain Pier Head
B «M#lrtM TPT1„      JC. E. Jenkins 62-65 Charing Cross, S.W. 1
Lon<,on •• • • ■&n%-—\G. Saxon Jones 103 Leadenhall St. E.C. 3
Manchester Eng.—J. W. Maine  . 31 Moseley Street
Paris France—A. V. Clark  7 Rue Scribe
Rotterdam Holland—J. S. Springett  . Coolsingel No. 91
Southampton Eng.—H, Taylor .7 Canute Road
ASIA
Hong Kong China—T. R. Percy, Gen'lAgt. Pass. Dept Opposite Blake Pier
Kobe Japan—A. M. Parker, Passenger Agent 1 Bund
Manila P.I.—J. R, Shaw, Agent 14-16 Calle David, Roxas Bldg.
Shanghai China—E. Stone, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept Palace Hotel Bldg.
Yokohama Japan—G. E. Costello, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept  .Ishikawa Gomei Bidg.
AUSTRALIA,  NEW ZEALAND, ETC.
J. Sclater, Australian and New Zealand Representative, Union House, Sydney, N.S.W.
Adelaide S.A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Auckland N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Brisbane Qd.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Christchurch. N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Dunedin N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Fremantle W.A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Hobart Tas.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Launceston Tas.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Melbourne Vic.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.), Thos. Cook & Son.
Perth W.A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Suva Fiji.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Sydney N.S.W.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Wellington N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.) I
mine
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1
CANADIAN' PACIFIC' RAILWAY

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