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Across Canada and back Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1925

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Array Hp.
Across Canada and Back
$325.00
A 21-DAY TOUR
INCLUDING ALL EXPENSES
Aeroplane View of Lake Louise
From a photograph by courtesy of the Dept. of National Defence, Ottawa.
By Special Train leaving Toronto (Union Station) at 2.15 p.m.
Via
Canadian Pacific Railway
MONDAY, JULY 20th, 1925
Under the personal direction of
Professor Sinclair Laird
Dean of the School for Teachers,
MACDONALD COLLEGE P. O., QUE.
Printed in Canada  ACROSS CANADA AND BACK
TRAVEL and a personal knowledge of Canada should be an
essential of a Canadian's education. Some may hesitate on account
of the cost, but they should look on it as an investment which not
merely gives six per cent, interest but is a capital appreciation and
safer than a gilt-edged bond. It also adds incalculably to one's own
pleasure and efficiency, and gives that self-confidence which comes
from personal experience.
A great deal depends on how one sees Canada. Any trip arranged
should contain as much variety as possible—variety of scenery, of
types of people and occupations, of verdure and climate, of industries
and agricultural conditions. Variety of methods of travel should also
be considered, as this adds greatly to one's pleasure, the human mind
liking nothing so much as change. The ideal transcontinental trip
combines train, motor and steamer, with occasional stops so as to give
an opportunity for the welcome bath and facilities not only for stretching
one's legs but also for studying things of particular interest and importance in more leisurely detail. The best movies have occasional
close-ups.
The advantages of a conducted party are the comradeship enjoyed
in travelling with colleagues who have the same outlook on life, similar
backgrounds of educational experience, and who are bent on understanding, appreciating and enjoying things as they come along, the
reduction of expenses through travelling in numbers, the provision of
table d'hote meals at a fixed price, together with the knowledge that
the total cost, including gratuities, is known in advance. All troubles
of tickets, baggage, transfers, hotel, boat, and motor reservations are
eliminated; there is no waste of time.
While this is an invitation to teachers, it is not the intention to
restrict the trip to teachers alone. All those who wish to participate
in the benefits of such an organised trip are welcome, and those teachers
who contemplate joining our party are invited to bring their friends.
Page Three
A*tf. w/f3
A I
ACROSS CANADA AHD BACK
Dean Sinclair Laird,
Macdonald College P.O.,
Que.
Please place my reservation for following inclusive rate accommodation for which I enclose preliminary deposit of $10.00 on each
rail ticket.
Number of tickets	
Sleeper—Lower »_
Upper	
. Drawing Room	
1
Sleeper space will be occupied by 2 persons.
3
Remarks	
Mr
Mrs.
Miss	
Name
Address
Please fill in and forward as early as possible. Principal and Vice-Chancellor:
Sir Arthur W. Currie, G.C.M.G., K.C.B.
Froi»
The Principal and Vice-Chancellor,
McGill University,
Montreal.
February 27, 1925.
Dean Sinclair laird,
Macdonald College,
Ste Anne de Bellevue.
Dear Dean Laird:-
I am very glad to
hear of the trip across Canada which- is being arranged
for teachers. There is no better way of ensuring
the unity of Canada than by giving to our people a
knowledge of all Canada. Since, unfortunately, it
is impossible for everyone to travel, it is hard to
think of a group which could, through their own
experiences, be able to benefit others as well as
a group of teachers. I am quite certain that
no one who takes the trip will ever regret it, and
that all will be not only better Ganadians but better
teachers for their visit to the West.
Yours faithfully,
Principal. OFflCE OF
HE PRIME MINISTER & PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL
ONTARIO
TORONTO,
FEB* 24,
19 2 5,
Dear Bean Laird:
I hare learned that you are interested
in encouraging school teachers to visit other parts of
Canada during their vacation with the object of giving
them a more extended and accurate knowledge of our own
country, and broadening their horizon.
I understand that you will undertake to
conduct a party on a tour from the east to British Columbia
next Summer.  I suppose this is much the same type of
excursion that took place last year.  I heartily approve
of this undertaking.  It is only through a personal knowledge of the extent, resources and wonders of Canada, that
the teacher oan hope to successfully impress the rising
generation with the value of Canadian citizenship.  I had
the advantage of discussing last year1s trip with a number
of teachers who were privileged to make the tour. They
were all delighted, and I am quite -sure that they personally
and the pupils whom they have in their charge will be
greatly benefited by their experience,
I assure you that I wish you every sucoess
Yours very^ Across Canada and Back
CHARGES
The charges from Toronto to Victoria and return shown below include trans'
portation, steamer and sleeping car accommodation, rooms in hotels and bungalow
camps, meals in diners, hotels, bungalow camps and on steamers, sightseeing tours
at points visited, and all gratuities.
One person in lower berth  $325.00
One person in upper berth   310.10
Two persons in lower berth (each) 287.70
Three persons in section (lower and upper berths). . . (each) 295.15
One person in drawing room   507.75
Two persons in drawing room (each) 379.00
Three persons in drawing room (each) 336.10
The charge from other points shown below is the charge from Toronto for one
person in a lower berth and rail transportation to Toronto and return. Charges for
other accommodation from Toronto will be named upon request.
Halifax $386.75 Ottawa  .$342.10
Charlottetown  385
St. John  379
Quebec  358
Sherbrooke  354
Montreal  348
Detroit  325
Boston  359
. 50 Belleville  332.90
.25 Hamilton  325.00
.15 London  325.00
.60 Windsor  325.00
. 00 Buffalo....  328.50
.00 New York  352,.75
TICKETS, STOPOVERS, ETC.
The tickets issued in connection with this tour are Summer Tourist Tickets,
good from May 15, and passengers from outside of Toronto who desire to leave home
in advance may stop-over at any point intermediate to Toronto, and continue on the
"Special1' from Toronto.
THE SPECIAL TRAIN
The special train will consist of baggage car, standard drawing room sleeping
cars, dining car, observation car, and special open-top observation car, in the mountains.
It will be the best train that modern skill can produce.
For those photographically inclined, the advantages of a dark room will be available
on the train.   Opportunity will also be provided for music.
Meals will be served in special dining cars of the same type as operated by the
Canadian Pacific on Canada's premier train, "The Trans-Canada Limited."
Daily news bulletin service and newspapers of the cities through which we
pass will be supplied.
BAGGAGE
Heavy baggage should be checked to Toronto and marked for "Teacher's Special."
Special baggage tags will be furnished on request.
SPECIAL DRESSING ROOM
Special dressing rooms for ladies and gentlemen with wardrobe accommodation
will be provided in baggage car enabling members of the party to remove spare clothing
from trunks and other travelling receptacles and have a convenient place for changing.
PRIZE PHOTOGRAPH
The Canadian Pacific Railway offers a prise of a handsome camera for the best
photograph taken on the tour.
Page Six DAILY ITINERARY
Leave	
.. .Toronto	
...Rail	
....    2
Arrive...
...Port Arthur	
"
....   3
... 8
Leave. . .
. . .Fort William	
"
Arrive. .
. .. Winnipeg	
. .. Winnipeg	
. .. Regina	
"
. 8.
Leave...
"
....ii
Arrive. .
"
....  9.
Leave...
. . . Regina	
"
...Pi.
Arrive. .
. .. Moose Jaw	
"
.. ..  4
Leave...
. . . Moose Jaw	
.... 6.
Arrive...
... Calgary	
"
.... 9.
Leave...
. . .Calgary	
t<'
....  3-
Arrive. .
. .. Banff—The Beautiful	
"
.... 6.
Leave...
...Banff	
'•''
.... 6.
Arrive...
... Lake Louise—The Lovely...'.
"
.. .. 7.
Leave...
.. . Lake Louise	
tt
.  2.
Arrive...
... Glacier—The Majestic	
"
.... 6.
Arrive...
... Albert Canyon	
"•
.... 7.
Leave...
. . . Albert Canyon	
"■
.. .. 7.
Arrive...
.. .Revelstoke	
"•
 9.
Leave...
. . .Revelstoke	
"
   3.
Arrive...
.... 6.
Leave...
. . . Vancouver	
.. Steamer	
.... 11.
Arrive...
.. .Victoria	
*•'•
.... 7.
Leave...
. . .Victoria	
"
....  2.
Arrive...
... Vancouver	
",
.... 7.
Leave...
. . .Vancouver	
..Rail	
.... 11.
Arrive...
.. .Hope	
.... 2.
Leave...
. . .Hope	
"•
....  3.
Arrive...
.. .Penticton	
'•'•
....10.
Leave. . .
. . .Penticton	
"
....12.
Arrive...
... Nelson	
. .Nelson	
'■'■
....  1.
Leave. . .
. .Steamer	
....  2.
Arrive...
'-,-
.... 7.
.... 7.
Leave...
. .Kootenay Landing	
..Rail	
Arrive...
... Windermere	
 9.
Leave...
. .Windermere	
.. Automobile... .
 9.
Arrive...
...Banff	
"
....  5.
Leave...
..Banff  .
..Rail	
.... 11. c
Arrive...
.. .Edmonton	
"
.... 9.
Leave...
. .Edmonton	
'■'■
.... 7.
Arrive...
.. .Saskatoon	
. .Saskatoon	
... Kenora (Devil's Gap Camp). .
"
.... 8.
Leave
"
....  1.
Arrive...
"
.... 10.
Leave. . .
. .Kenora	
....12.
Arrive...
.. .Fort William	
"
.... 9.
Leave. . .
..Fort William.	
. .Steamer	
.... 12.
Arrive...
"
.... 9.
....  1.
Leave
.Sault Ste. Marie	
"
Arrive...
.. Port McNicoll	
"
.... 8.
Arrive...
.. .Toronto	
..Rail	
.... 11.
. 15 p.m Monday July  20
.30 p.m Tuesday July  21
.30 p.m Tuesday July  21
. 30 a.m Wednesday July  22
50 p.m Wednesday July  22
50 a.m Thursday July  23
45 p.m Thursday July  23
00 p.m Thursday  July  23
40 p.m Thursday July  23
.00 a.m Friday July  24
00 p.m Friday July
00 p.m Friday July
.00 a.m Sunday July
10 a.m Sunday July
00 p.m Sunday July
20 p.m Sunday July
10 p.m Sunday July
.20 p.m Sunday July
00 p.m Sunday July
00 a.m Monday July
.00 p.m Monday July
45 p.m Tuesday July
00 a.m Wednesday. . . . July
15 p.m Thursday July
15 p.m Thursday July
.55 p.m Thursday July
55 a.m Friday July
30 a.m Friday July
30 a.m Friday July
00 Noon.. . .Friday July
00 a.m.. :ip. . .Saturday Aug.
30 p.m..... .Saturday Aug.
00 p.m...... .Saturday Aug.
30 p.m Saturday Aug.
00 a.m Sunday Aug.
00 a.m Monday Aug.
oc p.m Monday..' Aug.
00 p.m Tuesday Aug.
30 a.m Wednesday Aug.
00 p.m Wednesday Aug.
30 a.m Thursday Aug.
15 p.m Thursday Aug.
30 a.m Friday Aug.
30 a.m Saturday ... .Aug.   8
00 a.m Saturday  . .Aug.   8
30 p.m Saturday Aug.   8
00 a.m Sunday Aug.   9
00 p.m Sunday Aug.   9
00 a.m Monday Aug. 10
^ a.m .Monday Aug. 10
24
24
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
27
27
28
29
30
30
30
3i
3i
3i
3i
1
1
1
Page Seven Across Canada and Back
Monday, July 20.
Leave Toronto, (Union Station) 2.15 p.m.
Dinner in Dining Car. .
Toronto The starting point of our trip is the
capital of Ontario and the second
largest city of Canada. Beautifully situated on
the shore of Lake Ontario, it is affectionately
called the "Queen City" by its citizens. It is
the seat of the Provincial Government. Toronto
has immense manufacturing establishments to
the number of considerably over a thousand,
and some of the largest commercial houses and
banks in the Dominion. Its population is
largely of English and Scotch extraction or of
United Empire Loyalist descent, but the city
is distinctively North American in the intensity
of its activity and energy, through the crowded
streets throbs a vast hum of commerce.
Northward from Toronto we proceed through
a land of beautiful lakes. This is the Muskoka
region, so firmly established in the affection of
those who know it, that it now has become one
of the best known summei playgrounds of this
continent. Passing Sudbury we continue
through the big game territories of Northern
Ontario and for many miles before arriving at
Port Arthur, skirt the shores of Lake Superior
from which a magnificent panorama of grand
and impressive beauty is unrolled before us.
We plunge into deep cuts, vast tunnels, and out
again into dazzling sunshine which turns to
blue the distant islands fringing the shore and
the distant promontories ahead and behind.
Tuesday, July 21.
Arrive Port Arthur 3.30 p.m.
Leave Fort William 8.30 p.m.
Breakfast, lunch and dinner in dining car
Tuesday afternoon is spent in the Twin Cities
of Port Arthur and Fort William which together
form panada's greatest grain port. The total
capacity of the thirty great terminal elevators
is in excess of 54,000,000 bushels, the largest
having a capacity of 10,000,000 bushels. We
proceed from Port Arthur to Fort William by
automobile.
Wednesday, July 22
Arrrue Winnipeg 8.30 a.m.
Brea\fast in Dining Car.
Lunch at individual expense.
Drive around city after lunch, starting from
Royal Alexandra hotel.
Dinner Royal Alexandra Hotel.
Leave Winnipeg 11.50 p.m.
Winnipeg    is Canada's third largest city, with
a   population   of   nearly   300,000.
The city is handsomely built, one of the most
notable structures being the provincial Parliament Buildings; it is also the seat of the University of Manitoba and the Manitoba Agricultural
College.    It is a  city of fine  boulevards anol
parks,   many   golf   courses,   and   summer   and
winter  sports  of  all  kinds.     Winnipeg  is  the
greatest grain market and grain inspection point
in the British Empire.    It is the railway centre
of the West, and commands the  trade of the
vast region to the north, east and west.
Page Eight Across Canada and Back
Thursday, July 23.
Arrive Regina 9.50 a.m.
Brea\fast in Dining Car-
Lunch at individual expense.
Drive around city.
Leave Regina 2.45 p.m.
Regina is the capital and largest city in the
province of Saskatchewan and one of
the most important distributing centres west of
Winnipeg. The Provincial Parliament Buildings,
which face the placid Wascana Lake, are very
handsome. This is a modern city, with well-
paved streets, fine parks, large educational
institutions and splendid buildings.
Regina was formeily the capital of the North
West Territoiies, and was for over forty years
the headquarters of the Royal North-West
Mounted Police, one of the most famous forces
in the world, whose exploits have been so often
chronicled in both fact and fiction, as to have
become almost historic.
Arrive Moose Jaw 4.00 p.m.
Drive around city.
Leave Moose Jaw 6.40 p.m.
Dinner in Dining Car.
Moose Jaw A railway divisional point and
one of the principal transportation centres of Western Canada. Its unusual
name is a contraction of an Indian word
meaning "The-creek-where-the-white-man-
mended-the-cart-with-a-moose-jaw-bone" — an
illuminating side-light on an episode of pioneering days. Mills and elevators indicate the
district's wheat-producing qualities. Moose Jaw
being one of the largest milling points in Saskatchewan. A Dominion Government interior
terminal elevator, with a capacity of 3,500,000
bushels, lies just west of the city. The city has
cheap electric power and has fifty or more
wholesale houses which serve several smaller
cities and a large number of towns and villages.
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Friday, July 24.
Arrive Calgary 9.00 a.m.
Breakfast in Dining Car.
Drive around city, starting from C.P.R. station.
Lunch in Calgary at individual expense.
Leave Calgary 3.00 p.m.
Arrive Banff 6.00 p.m.
Transfer to Banff Springs Hotel for dinner.
Transfer bac\ to station and sleep on train.
Calgary Here we reach the end of the prairie
proper and are on the edge of the
foothills. Calgary is the largest city in Alberta
and also the largest between Winnipeg and
Vancouver. Founded less than forty years ago
it is now a flourishing industrial and agricultural
centre. At Calgary, adjoining _ the Canadian
Pacific station, is the fine Palliser Hotel, the
social centre of this prosperous city, owned and
operated by the  Canadian Pacific Railway.
Page Nine Across Canada and Back
The Gap Beyond Calgary is the most wonderful region of Canada—the Canadian
Rockies, which we enter at The Gap. Nature
has thrown up this system on so vast a scale
that their greatness is difficult to grasp. They
comprise 650 peaks 6,000 feet in height, or more.
In places the road-bed is cut out of solid rock;
in others, huge steel trestles span deep chasms
through which incipient rivers churn.
Saturday, July 25.
In Banff.    <■
Brea\fast in Dining Car.
Lunch at individual expense.
Dinner at Banff Springs Hotel.
Drive to points of interest.
Transfer bac\to station in evening and sleep on train.
Banff Headquarters of Rocky Mountains
Park, a wonderful region of 2,751 square
miles, embracing rivers, lakes and noble
mountain ranges. No part of the Rockies
exhibits a greater variety of sublime and pleasing
scenery, and nowhere are good points of view
and features of special interest so accessible as
in this district, where so many good roads and
bridle paths have been constructed. This
picture shows the valley of the Bow River, with
some of the surrounding mountains; in the
centre is the magnificent Banff Springs Hotel
of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Among the
recreations of Banff are golf, tennis, diiving,
motoring, riding, boating, swimming,, fishing
and mountain climbing.
Sunday, July 26
Leave Banff 6.oo a.m.
Arrive Lake Louise 7.10 a.m.
Brea\fast in Dining Car.
Transfer to Chateau La\e Louise.
Automobile Drive to Moraine La\e.
Lunch at individual expense.
Transfer to Train.
Leave Lake Louise 2.00 p.m.
Dinner in Dining Car.
Arrive Revelsto\e 9.00 p.m.
Lake Which, situated in a cup at the foot of
Louise ancient glaciers, bears the liquid music,
the soft color notes of its name, into
the realm of the visible. "A lake of the deepest
and most exquisite coloring," says one writer,
''ever changing, defying analysis, mirroring in
its wonderful depths the sombre forest and
cliffs that rise from its shores on either side the
gleaming white glacier and tremendous snow-
crowned peaks that fill the background of the
picture, and the blue sky and fleecy clouds
overhead." On the shore of the lake is yet
another Canadian Pacific hotel, Chateau Lake
Louise, and within easy walking or riding
distance are Lakes in the Clouds, Moraine
Lake, etc.
Page Ten Across Canada and Back
Mount From Lake Louise we cross the
Stephen Great Divide, and descend through
the "Spiral Tunnels" past Field,
which is the entrance point to another National
Park — Yoho. One of the principal points of
interest in this Park is the beautiful Yoho
Valley, a magnificent view of which is obtained
from the train. One of the features of this
region is the series of Bungalow Camps established for the special accommodation of
hikers and trail-riders. From Field we are
descending the western slopes of the Rocky
Mountains into the great Columbia River
"trench". Seemingly we are hemmed in on
all sides by the mountains, but we press on and
on, over rugged canyons and through deep
gorges.
Mount From   the   Columbia   River   we
Chancellor ascend again, this time into
another range—the Selkirks—and
into another park, Glacier, first of all traversing
the remarkable Connaught Tunnel which we
are surprised to learn is five miles long. Glacier
is a spot especially favored by Alpine climbers,
for surrounding it are a number of large peaks
and wonderful glaciers that offer an irresistible
challenge to the mountaineer. Amongst the
five trips around Glacier are those to the
lllecillewaet Glacier, the Nakimu Caves, and
the Asulkan Valley. The famous "Rogers
Pass", the summit of the Selkirk range as
formerly crossed by the railway, can be reached
from the Nakimu caves by a trail along the
wooded valley of Bear Creek.
Mount One peak that dominates Glacier
Sir Donald is Mount Sir Donald, a naked and
abrupt pyramid that towers to a
height of a mile and a quarter above the railway.
Now we are steadily descending towards the
Pacific, following the rivers that issue from the
mountains.
The railway follows several remarkably deep
fissures in the solid rock. The most impressive
of these is Albert Canyon where the river is
seen nearly 150 feet below the railway. We
stop here for ten minutes to permit of a view
of this wonderful gorge, and then continue on
to Revelstoke where the train remains overnight so that we can get a daylight view of all
the scenery from that point to Vancouver.
Page Eleven Across Canada and Back
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Monday, July 27.
Leaue Revelstoke 3.00 a.m.
Brea\fast and lunch in Dining Car.
Arrive Vancouver 6.00 p.m.
Transfer to Hotel Vancouver.
Dinner at Hotel Vancouver.
Rooms at Hotel Vancouver.
The Great For 250 miles now we shall follow
Canyons the Great Canyons. Fiist, the
Canyon of the Thompson River
and then that of the Fraser River. The Fraser
is the chief river of British Columbia. _ This
section of the railway commands the admiration
of all for the way it has overcome apparently
insuperable difficulties. For most of the journey
it follows the canyon at a considerable height
above the river bank; the track, hewn from the
solid rock, tunnels through great rock spurs or
crosses foaming torrents. But presently we
come to a level, meadow-like country, dotted
with small farms and turn toward Burrard Inlet
when we soon obtain our first glimpse of Pacific
waters. For a few miles we follow the south
shore of the Inlet, and soon roll into the city
of Vancouver.
Tuesday, July 28.
In Vancouver.
Breakfast and Dinner at Hotel Vancouver.
Lunch at individual expense.
Drive around city after breakfast.
Transfer to steamer in evening.
Leave Vancouver 11.45 P-m-
Vancouver    The largest commercial centre in
British Columbia, a very important sea-port  with a vast oriental business, and
the centre of a large lumbering and fishing trade.
It has an excellent harbor nearly land-locked
and fully sheltered, facing a beautiful range of
mountains.     The   city   is   most   picturesquely
situated    on    Burrard    Inlet,    smrounded    by
environs of varied character.    There are many
bathing beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile
roads,   and   paved   streets;   and   in   particular
Stanley Park should be seen—a primeval forest
right   within   the   city   limits.     The   "Marine
Drive" takes on« through the best residential
parts of the city, including Shaughnessy Heights,
thence to the Fraser River, with its fleets of
salmon trawlers, and back along the coast past
bathing beaches and golf links.
Hotel At   Vancouver ^ is   situated    the
Vancouver palatial Canadian Pacific Hotel
Vancouver with its famous roof
garden and royal suite. Until May, 1886, the
site of Vancouver was a dense forest; then a
flourishing town arose, to be wiped out in
July fire which preceded the arrival of the
first transcontinental train by just four months.
All Vancouver—which now includes not only
the original settlement, but also extends in
suburbs in every direction, even across the river
—dates from the time of the fire. The city,
with its towering skyscrapers, has a very
progressive aspect. It is the terminal of transcontinental rail lines and of numerous Trans-
Pacific Steamship services.
Page Twelve Across Canada and Back
Wednesday, July 29.
Arrive Victoria 7.00 a.m.
Breakfast and dinner at Empress Hotel.
Lunch at individual expense.
Drive  around  city,   starting from  Empress  Hotel
2.30 p.m.
Rooms Empress Hotel.
Victoria Charmingly situated at the southern
end of Vancouver Island. Owing
to the characteristic beauty of its residential
district, it has often been called "a bit of
England on the shores of the Pacific." It is
distinctively a home city, with fine roads and
beautiful gardens, although its enterprising
business district speaks of a rich commerce
drawn from the fishing, lumber and agricultural
industries of Vancouver Island. Victoria's beauty
lies in its residential districts, its boulevards,
parks, public buildings, numerous bathing
beaches and semi-tropical foliage. But it is
not only the situation of Victoria that is beautiful, for wherever one goes in the surrounding
countryside one finds vistas of sea, mountains,
shoreline and bay that are both magnificent and
picturesque.
The Empress Another well known Canadian
Pacific hotel combining originality of design, a beautiful site, and a cultured
taste. In and around Victoria are a number of
delightful excursions, such as to Beacon Hill
Park, the Malahat Drive, the famous Butchart
gardens, and to Saanich. The city is the capital
of British Columbia, and the Parliament Buildings, facing the inner harbor, rank _ amongst
the handsomest in America. Victoria has a
mild climate that has made it a favorite resort
for both summer and winter, and it is a great
golfing centre. In the newly constructed Crystal
Gardens, is the largest salt-water swimming
pool on the continent.
Thursday, July 30.
In Victoria .
Breakfast at Empress Hotel.
Lunch at individual expense.
Leave    Victoria   (steamer)   2.15   p.m.
Arrive Vancouver (steamer) 7.15 p.m.
Transfer to Hotel Vancouver.
Dinner Hotel Vancouver.
Return to train at pleasure of individual.
Leave Vancouver 11.55 p.m.
The short but interesting trip across the
Straits of Georgia between Victoria and Vancouver will prove to be one of the most interesting on the Tour and made on a Canadian
Pacific "Princess" steamer, provides a pleasing
diversion after the train journey. During the
voyage, passengers have an ever-changing and
wonderful panoramic view of beautiful islands,
bays and rocky headlands, with the snow-capped
mountains of the Coast ranges and the Olympics
as a background.
Page Thirteen Across Canada and Back
Friday, July 31.
Arrive Penticton 10.30 a.m.
Leave Penticton 12.00 noon
Breakfast, lunch and dinner in Dining Car.
Cascade The journey through the Cascade
Mountains Mountains provides scenery of
picturesque and rugged grandeur.
The solid rock crags and peaks stand out in
prominence, as if defying the hand of man, but,
typifying the supremacy of human skill, the
road-bed is hewn out of solid rock, sometimes
on a shelf on the mountain side, sometimes
piercing a jutting promontory with a tunnel.
Penticton with its mild even climate is rapidly
becoming one of the principal resorts of this region.
It is the southern terminus of the Canadian
Pacific steamers on Okanagan Lake. The type of
steamers operated on these inland lakes is shown
here.
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Kelowna   Ascending   the   west   slope   of   the
Valley mountains,   the   Kelowna   Valley is
soon seen in the distance, a panorama beautiful beyond comparison, the orchard
tracts reaching from the shores of the Okanagan
Lake to the foothills of the mountains, the
blossoms of fruit trees mingling with the verdant
green of the mountain side. Beautiful views
views of the lake are to be seen from the railway.
We continue through the Grand Forks Valley and
around Christina Lake up the west slope ot the
summit at Farron and along the Arrow Lakes
and Kootenay River to Castlegar and then to
Nelson, with a population of 6,000, and charmingly situated on a commanding eminence overlooking the West Arm of Kootenay Lake.
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Saturday, August 1.
Arrive 'Nelson 1.00 a.m.
Sleep on train.
Breakfast in Dining Car.
Leave K[elson (steamer) 2.30 p.m.
Lunch on steamer to start at 1.00 p.m.
Arrive Kootenay Landing (steamer) 7.00 p.m.
Leave  Kootenay  Landing  7.30  p.m.
Dinner in Dining Car.
Nelson is the commercial centre of the Kootenay district, and practically of the
entire southern British Columbia region. At
the convergence of lake and rail systems, it is
an attractive little city in which life passes
very pleasantly. The people of Nelsonsay that
Nature practised on Switzerland before making
British Columbia. They compare the location
of their city to Lucerne; and, indeed, the
Selkirks, the dominant features of the Kootenay
landscape, have little to suffer in a comparison
with the Alps.
Page Fourteen Across Canada and Back
Sunday, August 2.
Arrive Lake Windermere g.oo a.m.
Brea\fast in Dining Car.
Transfer to Lake Windermere Camp.
Lunch and Dinner Lake Windermere Camp.
Transfer bac\ to train to sleep overnight.
Lake
Windermere
Camp
After the steamer ride on
Kootenay Lake, we proceed by
train to Cranbrook, passing
through the famed Creston
Valley and the Gorge of Goat River Canyon to
Cranbrook, and continue to Lake Windermere
Camp, lying in the broad and beautiful valley
that separates the Rockies and the Selkirks in
one of the newer tourist regions of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies. Not that it is without fame,
for it is the source of the mighty Columbia
River, the most important waterway that flows
into the north Pacific. Nor is it without history,
for the explorer David Thompson discovered it
as long ago as 1807. But although its charm
has always been known to "old timers" who
have pioneered in this lovely valley, it is only
since the construction of a railway a few years
ago that the outside world has taken any real
notice of it.
Monday, August 3.
Breakfast in Dining Car.
Leave Lake Windermere (Automobile) g.oo a.m.
Lunch at Mountain camps.
Arrive Banff (Automobile) 5.00 p.m.
Dinner Banff Springs Hotel.
Transfer to train to sleep overnight.
Windermere-
Banff
Highway
We travel over the new
Windermere-Banff Highway
along the Columbia River
through the gap of Sinclair
Canyon to Radium Hot Springs. Turning easterly, descending the Sinclair Pass between the
Stanford and Briscoe Ranges, the road follows
through a beautiful avenue of virgin forest to
Vermilion River Camp where we will stop for
lunch. The road then follows Vermilion River
up Marble Canyon, a remarkable fissure three
hundred feet deep, on to Storm Mountain House
which commands a magnificent view of Castle
Mountain. Descending Vermilion Pass we take
a more northerly course to the Lake Louise
road and then continue eastward to Banff.
This motor trip is one of the most beautiful
and awe inspiring trips it is possible to conceive.
During the motor trip, our train has been sent
empty to Banff.
Tuesday, August 4.
Breakfast in Dining Car.
Lunch at individual expense.
Dinner at Banff Springs Hotel.
The day is free for individual activities around Banff-
Leave Banff 11.00 p.m.
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Page Fifteen Across Canada and Back
Wednesday, August 5.
Arrive Edmonton g.30 a.m.
Breakfast in Dining Car.
Lunch at individual expense.
Drive around city after breakfast starting from station.
Leave Edmonton 7.00 p.m.
Dinner in Dining Car.
Edmonton Situated on both sides of the
North Saskatchewan River. The
Canadian Pacific enters Edmonton by means of
a magnificent steel high-level bridge, 2,250 feet
long, 152 feet above water level. Edmonton
was established as a fur trading post in 1795; the
magnificent buildings of the Province of Alberta
are now located near the site made historic by
the original trading post of Fort Edmonton.
The University of Alberta, and many other
educational institutions are situated here. The
city is run on very progressive municipal lines;
it is the distributing centre for the vast Peace
River country to the north and northwest, and
is also the centre of an important and rapidly
developing coal industry.
Thursday, August 6.
Arrive Saskatoon 8.30 a.m.
Leave Sas\atoon 1.15 p.m.
Breakfast, lunch and dinner in Dining Car.
Drive around city starting from station.
Saskatoon A city of rapid growth, modern in
every particular, with fine business
blocks, public buildings, paved streets, a beautiful river boulevard, electric light and power,
street railway and many river bridges. It is a
city of optimism and the centre of a large
territory for wholesale trade, with many factoiies
including large flour mills. The Dominion Gov-
vernment has here an interior terminal elevator
with a capacity of 3,500,000 bushels, taking care
of storage of grain and relieving the pressure
during the grain shipping season. There are
large parks and a fine baseball ground. The
University of Saskatchewan is situated at
Saskatoon.
Friday, August 7.
Arrive Kenora (La\e of the Woods) 10.30 a.m.
Brea\fast in Dining Car.
Transfer to DeviVs Gap Camp.
Lunch and Dinner DeviVs Gap Camp.
Transfer to train.
Lake of The Lake of the Woods, on which
the Woods is Devil's Gap Camp, is known the
continent over. Fed by Rainy
River, and drained by the Winnipeg River into
Lake Winnipeg, the chain of lakes known under
this general term is athwart the height-of-land
between   Port  Arthur   and   Fort   William  and
Page Sixteen Across Canada and Back
Winnipeg (in the province of Manitoba). This
wonderful body of water, fringed with woods
unspoiled by the lumberman's axe, covers an
area of nearly two thousand square miles, most
of which is accessible by steamer. and launch,
and all by canoe. There is something distinctly
primitive about the scenery of this district,
recalling more nearly the wilder parts of Georgian
Bay—bold rock and innumerable islands and
islets, associated with a marvellous wealth of
bush and forest growth.
All kinds of water sports are possible in the
Camp, which stands on a slight bluff overlooking
the lake, with its own dock. The sailing, paddling and rowing are truly splendid, and the
swimming is a feature that is not easily forgotten.
Saturday, August 8.
Leave Kenora 12.30 a.m.
Breakfast in Dining Car.
Arrive Fort William g.oo a.m.
Leave Fort William 12.30 p.m.
Lunch and dinner on steamer.
Great An extremely agreeable variation to
Lakes the railway journey, occupying two
days. The journey is across Lake
Superior and Lake Huron, and during part of
the trip we lose sight of land entirely. The
only stop made is at Sault Ste. Marie, where
the ship goes through the "Soo" Canal—an
interesting engineering structure necessary to
overcome the 18-feet difference between the
two lakes and to avoid dangerous rapids. Such
is the great volume of business passing through
Sault Ste. Marie, mostly comprising Western
grain and iron-ore, that in some years it has
surpassed the annual tonnage of either the
Suez or Panama Canal.
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Sunday, August 9.
Arrive Sault Ste. Marie g.oo a.m.
Leave Sault Ste. Marie 1.00 p.m.
Breakfast, lunch and dinner on steamer.
Sault Ste.     During the stay here the time can
Marie be well spent by a trip around the
city  or  watching  the  locking  of
vessels through the Canal.
Monday, August 10.
Arrive Port McNicoll 8.00 a.m.
Breakfast on steamer.
Leave Port McKlicoll 8.30 a.m.
Arrive Toronto 11.55 a-m-
Page Seventeen MEMORANDUM  

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