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Hunting and fishing in New Brunswick Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1919

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Array '?'9
iHTIMING
•i
CANADIAN PACIHC
RAILWAY CANADIAf
\ PACIFI
IG
HOTELS
•
1919
Name of Hotel, Plan, t
93
i!
PS5
Distance from Statior
AM
Sea
Recreations
and. Transfer Charge
tude
son
St. Andrews, N. B.
Go'f,Bathing, Boat-
The Algonquin A
150
lune 20-
214
ing,Y achting
1 mile—25 cents
Sept. 15
( Passamaquoddy
Bay,    St.    Croix
River)
McAdam, N. B.
McAdam Ho.el A
445
All year
16
Hunting in Season.
At Station
Scenic and Historical interest, Golf,
Quebec, Que.
Motoring (Plains
Chateau Frontenac....E
300
All year
375
of Abraham,  St.
1 mVe—-50 cents
Anne   de   Beaupre).
Montreal, Que.
Historical and Sce
Place Viger Ho^el E
57
All year
115
nic interest.   Mt.
At Place Viger Statn
Royal    and    St.
1 K miles from Wind
Lawrence River.
sor SLation—50 cents
Winnipeg, Man.
Golf, Motoring, cen
The Royal Alexandra E
760
All year
410
tre of   Canadian
At Station
West. (Site of old
Fort Garry).
Calgary, Alta.
Hotel Palliser  E
3425
All year
315
Golf, Motoring, Fish
^   At S.a tion
ing, (Trout).
Mountain   drives
Banff  Alta.
and climbs, Golf,
Banff Springs Hotel... E
4625
May 15-
305
Bathing, Fishing,
1 X miles—25 cents
Sept. 30
(Trout), Boating,
Riding,  (Canadian National Park)
Lake Louise, Alta.
Chatea.i Lake Louise E
5670
Tune 1-
320
Boating, Mountain
3X miles—50 cents
Sept. 30
climbs,   Pony
Narrow Gauge Ry.
trails. Fishing
(Trout), Riding.
Emerald Lake  (near
Boating,   Fishing
Field B.C.)
(Trout),Pony
Emerald Lake Chalet A
4066
July 1-
14
trails to the Yoho
7 miles—$1.00
Sept. 15
Valley, Takakaw
Falls,   Riding.
Glacier, B. C.
Glacier House A
4086
July 1-
76
Boating,    Fishing
1X miles from sta
Aug. 31
(Trout), (Sica
tion by carriage road
mous Lake).
—50 cents
Sicamous, B. C.
Pony trails, Climbs,
Hotel Sicamous A
1146
All year
60
Exploring   Glaci
At Station
ers, Riding.
Penticton, B. C.
Boating (Okanagan
Hotel Incola A
All year
62
Lake),   Fishing
Near steamer wharf
(Lake Trout).
Cameron Lake, B. C.
Fishing   (Trout),
Cameron Lake ChaletA
May 1-
Boating,Splendid
forests, (Salmon
Vancouver Island
Sept. 30
fishing adjacent).
Vancouver, B. C.
Golf, Motoring,Fish
Hotel Vancouver E
100
All year
520
ing, Steam- boat
X mile—25 cents
,
excursions.
Victoria, B. C.
Golf,   Motoring,
Empress Hotel E
Sea *
All year
320
Yachting,Sea and
200 yards—25 cents
Level
Stream    Fishing.
#   A—American.    E—European.
F. L. HUTCHIN
SON, Manager-in-Chief,
Canadian F
'acific Hotels. Montreal FOOIE  BROS. CHIOAGQ.
The Canadian Pacific Route to New Brunswick
Hunting- and Fishing- in New Brunswick
NOWHERE in Canada has more consideration been giveri
to the interests of the hunter and the fisherman than
in the Province of New Brunswick. The local farmers
are nearly all keen sportsmen themselves, and in addition
realize that the sale of produce to sporting parties brings
considerable grist to their mill. The settlement which has
gradually pushed up the valleys from the river mouths has
facilitated the outfitting of sportsmen leaving for the camps
and hunting grounds in the wilder interior; while the extensive
lumbering operations throughout the Province have resulted
in wagon roads in many fine hunting districts which would
otherwise be almost inaccessible. The protection of game
receives careful and sympathetic attention from the Provincial
Government, and the licensed guides have so divided up the
territory that no two parties hunt at the same time over
the same ground, making shooting accidents rare.
Through long experience in the handling of sporting
parties, the leading guides are able to satisfy the most
fastidious, both as to camp accommodation and as to food.
Add to this consideration the really fine sport available
both for rod and gun, and you have the reason why New
Brunswick is such a favorite with those who know.
THE main subdivisions of game and fish regions pivoting
from McAdam, are:
That section lying along the Canadian Pacific main line
from McAdam east to St. John, on the south side, and radiating from the heart of Charlotte County.
That section lying along the main southwest Miramichi
River north and south, with Fredericton as the axis.
The region east and northeast of the Tobique River and
its branches, with centers at Perth and Plaster Rock.
The intermediate section between McAdam and Perth,
with centers at Canterbury, Bristol and Newburg.
The Madawaska and Grand Falls country, with centers
at St. Leonards and Grand Falls respectively.
That is to say there are in reality five great subdivisions
known locally as: the "Magaguadavic" to reach which
one leaves the train at such stations as Magaguadavic, Prince
William, Harvey, Tracey, Hoyt, Enniskillen, Gaspereaux and
Clarendon, and^—between St. John and St. Stephen—at Prince
of Wales, Musquash, Lepreaux, St. George and Bonny River.
The Miramichi, to reach which one changes cars at
Fredericton Junction for Fredericton and leaves the branch
ailway at Penniac, Nashwaak, Zionville, Cross Creek, Stanley,
Boiestown, Ludlow, Doaktown, Blissfield, Upper Blackville
Blackville, Indiantown and Newcastle; or the North Branch
Miramichi which is reached from Bristol by aubomobile.
The Tobique, to reach which cars are left at McAdam
for a Northbound train to Perth Junction, from which a
branch runs to Plaster Rock, with intermediate stations at
Odell River, Reed's Island and Wapske. From Plaster
Rock to Millers or Nictau, the Forks of the Tobique, there
is an automobile road of about thirty-five miles with "jumping off places" at Oxbow, Riley Brook and The Forks.
The Gibson Branch, Skiff Lake and Shogomoc country,
in from Keswick toward Nashwaak and Upper Keswick on
the one hand and from Canterbury on the other.
The Salmon River reached by team from Grand Falls.
The Madawaska and Green River country reached from
St. Leonards and Green River.
Having established the fact that New Brunswick is perhaps
the most accessible country that sportsmen living as far as the
Middle West can select for pursuit of big game, it is also
worthy of note that the open season—from September 15th to
November 30th—offers inducements. In addition to this the
number of native New Brunswickers who are versed in the
intricacies of woods travel, canoeing by pole and paddle, still
hunting and moose calling, and salmon fishing, in all probability outranks any province in the Dominion. That is to say,
though there are just as great woodsmen in other sections of
Canada there are not as many of them equally as well trained
and equipped. This result is due to the actual fact that the
game has been increasing in the Province as a whole; that
more men since childhood have followed the occupation of
guides; that the railway construction in the Province and its
access to the ocean have brought about an environment
which several generations of hunters and fishermen have
taken advantage of.
WHILE the material contained in this pamphlet
has been carefully compiled from the best sources of
information available and is believed to be accurate,
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company does not
assume responsibility for reports made by persons
through whom the information has been obtained. HUNTING
AND
FISHING
I   N
NEW
BRUNSWICK
Moose Hunting
BECAUSE of the peculiar railway construction, the remarkable feed conditions and the access of certain moose
districts to the marshes where game seeks to rid itself
of woods lice, etc., New Brunswick is a most accessible
moose country. It may be said with reasonable certainty
that on any carefully planned trip of three weeks or
more that, independent of weather conditions, shots can
be procured. There is in reality hardly any "best" moose
country in the Province, though perhaps in the actual
quantity of moose that region in from Clarendon station
possesses such a reputation. Record heads are in themselves
no criterion, for a record head is generally a combination
of an exceptional moose that has wintered well, found feed
abundant in and about the open, and is very much a matter
of blind luck. There have been unusual hunts where in
ten days' hunting from six to ten heads averaging in the
vicinity of fifty inches have been shot; but this again might
be construed as a just reason for resting such a country till
more large heads have grown.
During September and early October the moose in the
more northern part of New Brunswick are hunted by the
party watching or calling by the shores of ponds, deadwaters,
and lakes. This form of shooting is regulated by the weather
and if the fall is very dry the game will generally come into
the water, as many as a dozen or more often being counted
at one time. In such a country an exceptional amount of
rain will cause the game to move back to the higher ground
of the ridges where they must be still hunted, despite leaves
and heavy foliage. At this season those moose in the
southern section, especially that to the west of the Sarht
John River, are either stalked in the open of the barrens
or hillsides, or called. These bulls do not to the same extent
as their cousins to the north come readily into the water.
The moose leave the water about the 20th of October.
They feed for ten days to two weeks in the vicinity of the
hardwood, in what is known as the second growth, where it
is exceedingly difficult to approach any game. About the
first of November the moose will have reached the ridges
where, in due course, they will select their^ "yards" for the
winter. The method of shooting moose in the northern
section of New Brunswick during November is by still
hunting; in reality tracking them by the aid of snow. Further
south at this season the moose will be found in the open
where, as a rule, there is very little or no snow. If there is
any marked difference in the shooting on the east and west
of the Saint John River it may be briefly summed up in
saying that in the north the most careful attention is given
to the finest details which constitute the sport of calling and
still hunting; that in the south the principle employed is to
move about in a fairly open country which, while feeding,
the game is known to frequent; tracking by snow, etc.,
occasionally being resorted to.
Moose can be called, but in many water countries where
the game comes out to feed this is not always practised;
such water being hunted from a "blind" or canoe. It is
not, however, wise to canoe more than is absolutely necessary, as moose before coming out into the open will frequently make a careful survey of the surroundings. This
survey, without as much as showing a hair sometimes, will
be conducted from the shore. Calling, however, is in itself
a fine art which requires years of careful observation and
experience to be understood. It is capable of thrills and
cross-sections of excitement, equalled only by the hooking of
one's first salmon or the flutter of one's first woodcock.
During the early hunting season it is possible, especially
by tenting out, to travel over larger territory than during
the still hunting period. It is a delightful experience,
especially when one is able to do any canoeing, to move
camp. It is often the rule that in a fine water country
during a dry fall that more game will be seen than on a still
hunting trip, and for the less strenuous individuals this kind
of a trip is recommended. Such a trip may, by packing
back, be extended into the most hardy of adventures. On
the other hand if there is just enough snow and wind to make
easy tracking, and the guide employed is a past-master in
the art of still hunting, most great woodsmen agree that
more big heads will be seen on the ridges than at any other
period. Both types of hunting differ as to method and
environment and each has to be experienced before any
true realization can be arrived at as to just what moose
hunting really is. It is a safe estimate that three-quarters
of the parties which annually visit New Brunswick to hunt
do so between September 15th and October 20th. This is
particularly true of women. All things considered there are
generally more good hunting days in November than in
October, but it is harder sport. While an early trip may be
varied with opportunities to photograph moose, the late
shooting can be combined or extended to include trapping
or snowshoeing. Snowshoes are not, however, employed
in any hunting.
Caribou Hunting
THERE is a close season on caribou in New Brunswick
till 1921. The best caribou country, however, where
they may be seen and occasionally photographed, may
be said to center about the open ground at the headwaters
of the northwest Miramichi, Nepisiguit, North Pole, Portage
Brook and Big South Branch Nepisiguit. There is also good
caribou country on the plains at the headwaters of the Gaspereaux, north toward Cains River. The caribou do not,
as a rule, unless there should be very heavy rains which
soften their feed (moss), come into the open till well on into
Pare Two
October. The exceptions are certain regions on the upper
Nepisiguit and near Big Bald Mountain. The guides who
have the best caribou grounds are Arthur Pringle of Stanley,
Richard Scott of Strathadam, Manderville Bros, of Bryen-
ton, Charles Cremin of Fredericton, Percy Falding of Perth,
George Gough of North View, John Connell of Chatham,
and George McKay of Newcastle. The big stags shed about
the last of October and, therefore, are best hunted prior to
that period.    That is, after the season is opened. HUNTING
AND
FISHING
I   N
NEW
BRUNSWICK
Bear Hunting
THE same county recommended for caribou is the best
bear ground. During the great Miramichi fire the hillsides of much of the upper country were swept bare;
and mingled with the tangle foot and caribou moss, there are
innumerable growths of blueberries. Berries and beechnuts
are the favorite food of bear, and to hunt a bear it is best
they be seen from some distance. If there is a good crop
of berries on the hillsides and there are few beechnuts, the
chances for shots at bear during the months of August,
September, and early October, are very good. This hunting
is hardy sport, as the game is located by means of binoculars
and stalked with little or no shelter. In many of the hill
countries there is excellent moose shooting, and the custom
is to combine bear hunting in the open by day with the
morning and evening hunting byTponds or lakes for moose.
Bear shooting can be included with a fishing and canoe
trip during August or early September and requires no
license except a permit to carry fire-arms during the close
season.
The best bear shooting in New Brunswick is in the vicinity
of Little Bald Mountain on the northwest Miramichi in the
region shot over by Richard Scott of Strathadam. Other
good country is that on the Big South Branch Nepisiguit
hunted by George Gough of North View. Arthur Pringle,
Charles Cremin and B. S. Moore,all have good bear shooting,
combining with it in the last two instances, a canoe trip.
The game sought is the humble black bear and a good low
trajectory rifle is recommended.
Ganoe Trips
THE most famous canoe trip in New Brunswick is to pole
up the Left Hand Branch, or Little Tobique, to Nictau
Lake, portage to Bathurst Lakes, and run the Nepisiguit
River to the Mines; or pole back from Indian Falls and run
the Tobique to the railroad. It is not advisable to portage
the Grand Falls, Nepisiguit and run to Bathurst as there are
one or two bad pieces of water with another portage at
Pabineau Falls. The trout fishing during June, July, August
and September is excellent, fish being hooked at pools on the
upper Nepisiguit in excess of three pounds. To insure the
best results this trip requires about three weeks with an
additional week if hunting is included. In the early part of
September there is good bear shooting along this route,
with game photography at the lakes and bogans on the Nepisiguit, while after 1921 the caribou shooting is apt to be even
better than that of the last open season (1917). On leaving
the train at Plaster Rock one can motor that evening to
Millers at the Forks. The guides mentioned as handling
parties up the Tobique and down the Nepisiguit are Percy
B. Falding, Perth, who is the lessee of the upper Nepisiguit;
Charles Cremin who has excellent camps on the Second
Bathurst Lake; B. S. Moore who has his home camp on
Nictau Lake, and Amos Gaunce of Riley Brook. Three
excellent men who have no large equipment but know the
country thoroughly and can be hired by the day with their
canoes are: Alfred "Took" Howard, of Riley Brook, Thomas
Ferguson of Riley Brook, and William Mclnnis of Arthurette.
William Grey of Bathurst, who has camps on the upper
Nepisiguit, can pole up and meet parties at Millers. In
making the long trip it is necessary to carry an extra canoe
for provisions, unless supplies are poled up or portaged to
the Second Bathurst Lake.
Two shorter trips on the Tobique waters are those on the
Little Tobique to Sisson Branch and return; and from
Trousers and Long Lake, Serpentine Deadwater, into the
Right Hand Branch.
To make the Sisson Branch trip, canoes can be poled up
from Riley Brook or the Forks, a distance of about twenty
and fourteen miles respectively. Twelve miles up the
Left Hand Branch, or Little Tobique, it is a walk of
less than three miles to Sisson Branch Lake where other
canoes are cached. Amos Gaunce of Riley Brook has one
camp on the Sisson Branch Lake and canoes on the Branch.
There are some very large trout in Sisson Branch Lake and
small fish in Half Moon Lake into which Sisson Branch drains.
On Sisson Branch itself there is about nine miles of navigable
water with one small camp at the Forks, some six miles up
from the carry. Recently there has been a new dam built
three miles below the carry. The chances of photographing
moose from a canoe are excellent and a combined trout
fishing, moose hunting, deer shooting, and canoe trip can
be arranged. On the return journey the party walks back
to the Tobique and can run out to Riley Brook where Amos
Gaunce has one very good salmon pool.
The Ogilvy Bros, handle parties on the canoe trip from
Trousers Lake, which is one day by team from their Home
Camp at Oxbow. This is also one of the best trips for game
photography and offers excellent moose shooting later on.
There is good trout fishing in the lakes, but to portage and
run the Right Hand Branch demands a good height of water.
On returning from the lakes there is splendid salmon fishing
in the pools on the Tobique controlled by the Ogilvy Brothers.
Percy Falding, of Perth, also has good canoeing on the
Serpentine, returning by way of the Right Hand Branch
with good water.
The southwest Miramichi offers two very fine trips down
stream by canoe with no portages. This route can also be
combined with moose and deer shooting, very fair salmon
fishing, and as good fly fishing for trout as there is in the
Province. Of all country in New Brunswick it is perhaps
the most accessible for canoe hunting, with the possible
exception of the Sisson Branch waters. Compared with the
Restigouche and the Nepisiguit, the altitude is not as great.
The longest trip is made by leaving the Canadian Pacific
at Odell River station, launching canoes in the dead waters
at the head of the North Branch, stopping to fish the North
Branch and Bedell Brook, and running out to Boiestown;
returning by train via Fredericton and McAdam to the west.
The easier route, however, is by automobile from Bristol,
on the Canadian Pacific north from McAdam, a distance
of twenty-five miles to the Forks. In fact a party can leave
Montreal one evening and sleep in camp at the Forks the
next night. Murdock Mackenzie of Biggar Ridge, Carleton
County, has excellent camps at the Forks, and Bedell Brook,
and poles his parties up from the Forks. Down stream to
Boiestown is a distance of sixty miles; to Indiantown about
125 miles. Recently a salmon hatchery has been installed
at the Forks and this has benefited the fishing. The best
all round sport will be found on the North Branch, though
there are several famous pools on the lower river, such as
Page Three HUNTING
AND
FISHING
I   N
NEW
BRUNSWICK
Burnt Hill. Certain of the Tobique guides who have
hunting camps on the North Branch and Tague Brook also
make this trip, and William Griffin, Jr., will arrange to meet
parties at the Forks, combining the river journey with his
hunting on McKeil and Hayden Deadwater and Trout Lake.
The country from the Forks to Boiestown is entirely through
forest land and offers excellent opportunities for tenting and
overnight trips on Clearwater and Burnt Hill, and other
branches of the southwest Miramichi.
Edmundston is the terminus of the branch of the Canadian
Pacific north from McAdam. With this station as a center
there are two very satisfactory canoe trips, with good
trout fishing.
That trip known as the Green River demands a drive of
twenty-five miles to what is termed First Lake. It is twelve
miles down First Lake to Second Lake, and two miles canoeing to Third Lake. At this point there is a very strenuous
portage of six miles to Wild Goose Lake from which one can
run the main Restigouche for upwards of eighty miles, the
fishing of which is, however, under lease or owned outright.
For this reason, and in order to make a shorter trip, the guides
recommend running the Right Hand Branch of Green
River to the railway, a round trip of about seventy-five miles.
The Branch railway from Edmundston will carry canoes
and outfit to Temiscouata Lake from which it is an easy trip
down the Madawaska with the very best of trout fishing in
season. A longer trip is to leave the Canadian Pacific at
Griffins and drive through to Mud Lake. The canoes can
then run down Bradsleys Brook into the Squatook Lakes,
from the fourth lake into the Tuladi Lakes, and on down
rhejjTuladi River into Lake Temiscouata.
Guides handling the trips from Green River and Edmundston are: Joe Dube and Jack Beau Pieu, both of Edmundston.
Inquiries regarding the country may also be directed to the
Agent, Canadian Pacific Railway, at either Green River or
Edmundston; Mr. R. W. Hammond of Edmundston, Mr. J. P.
Smyth of Green River and Mr. Charles Cyr of St. Leonards.
As the Canadian Pacific from Montreal nears McAdam
there is one station, Forest, Maine, seventeen miles west of
Vanceboro, Maine, from which a number of canoe trips commence. Arthur C. Hamilton of Forest City, N.B, meets his
parties at Forest station and drives them to his Home Camp
at Forest City across the border. The canoe trips here offer
lake trout and landlocked salmon in Grand Lake; bass
fishing in the lower Spednic, and trout fishing with fly in
season. This is an easy country with comfortable camps
for a combined canoeing and hunting trip. Arthur Hamilt on
thoroughly understands the care and equipment of sportsmen.
From McAdam and the immediate neighborhood there are
several short and accessible canoe trips.    It must be remem
bered, however, that such trips require the proper height
of water and should preferably be taken in the early season.
From Magaguadavic station one can run down the main
Magaguadavic to Bonny River, a distance of about forty
miles If this cruise includes side trips to tributary lakes it
can be extended to fifty miles.
From Vanceboro, Maine (just over the border from New
Brunswick), one may canoe through to the Spednic Lakes,
Grand Lake, and Mud Lake, a total distance of about fifty miles.
Between McAdam and Canterbury one can leave the
train and drive to Kilburn Lake, run from Kilburn to Cronk
Lake, down the South Branch outlet to the Shogomoc country
and, eventually, into the main Saint John River and reach
the railway at Fredericton.
Starting from Canterbury parties drive to Skiff Lake, run
canoes down into Palfrey Lake, from Palfrey Lake into
Spednic Lake and then down the main St. Croix River.
Parties wishing further details as to canoe trips in and
about McAdam are referred to Mr. Sydney Robinson,
Game Warden, St. Stephen N. B.; the Canadian Customs'
Agent, McAdam; R. G. Shaw, Canterbury, and Thomas A.
Sullivan, Bonny River. Other guides who have handled
parties in this vicinity are Edward James, Tweedside, York
County; John Dallas Davis, Brockway, York County;
Vincent Miller, Blaney Ridge, York County; Frank W. White,
St. Croix, York County; and Sherman Mason, Vanceboro, Me.
With Fredericton as a center there are several pleasant
canoe trips of which the two best known are down Cains
River and, north of the railway, the Nashwaak.
Parties can reach Cain's River by way of Bantalor and
start down stream from there when the water is sufficiently
high or from Doaktown during period of low water and run
through to Upper Blackville, or Blackville, on the Main
Southwest Miramichi, returning to Fredericton by trains.
From Doaktown it is a drive of about twelve miles to the
river with a run of about forty miles, while from Bantalor
there is about sixty-five miles of canoeing. W. Harry
Allen of Penniac, who is lessee of the Cains River, can
furnish complete outfit and reliable guides for this trip.
There is very good trout fishing as well as salmon fishing
early in the season. This trip down Cains River is one of
the most accessible and comfortable in the Province, with
no dangerous rapids. Harry Allen, who is President of the
New Brunswick Guides Association, is a thorough woodsman
and a most congenial companion. He fully understands outfitting requirements, and parties placing themselves in his
hands may feel assured of being satisfactorily taken care of.
Details as to the Nashwaak trip may be obtained from Mr.
Harry Chestnut of Fredericton. This trip is seldom taken by
non-residents and offers many attractions in the early season.
Salmon Fishing
SALMON is "made" fishing. Fortunately New Brunswick
has the essential gravel bed streams where salmon
spawn. The best fishing today in the Province is the
result of stocking certain rivers with fry and then protecting
the salmon when they ascend from the ocean. Naturally,
such effort has demanded a considerable outlay, and as a
result the best water is either leased or owned by clubs or
private individuals. Of these the Restigouche and its
branches are the most famous. Each year the premium on
fly fishing for Atlantic salmon is becoming greater. The
finest fishing is simply beyond price. There is, however,
"water" to which at times the public has access.
Page Four
Messrs. Wade and Knapp, Perth, have under lease about
fourteen miles of water on the main Restigouche, from the
mouth of the Kedgewick, together with pools on the Kedge-
wick owned by the Mowat family of Campbellton. Most
of this water is sub-leased by the season, but rod privileges
can occasionally be obtained. In addition to guides and outfit the cost of such a trip is $25.00 a day for each rod. This
water is reached after a drive of eight miles from the branch
railway running from St. Leonards on the Canadian Pacific
Railway northeast to Campbellton.
Ogilvy Bros., Oxbow, Victoria County, have the best
regular open fishing at their pools on the Tobique and other A Trophy to be Proud of
"Calling" Moose is an Art HUNTING
AND
FISHING
I   N
N   E   W
BR   U   N   S   W   I   C   K
water  they  have  under  lease.    Arrangements  should  be
made with them as early as possible in the season.
Murdock Mackenzie, Biggar Ridge, Carleton County, has
open fishing on the Main Southwest Miramichi and the
North Branch. This water is easily reached by motor from
Bristol, and can be combined with a delightful canoe trip.
Certain of the guides in the Tobique country, to be mentioned later, such as Charles Wright, Amos Gaunce, etc., have
an odd good salmon pool where they can handle one rod at
a time.
There is fishing to be had on the Renous, on the Dun-
garvon, and water in the immediate vicinity. Guides mentioned as handling parties in this section, "The Miramichi,"
should be advised and can possibly arrange privileges for
an odd party. A good woodsman living along a river like
the Main Southwest Miramichi, the Tobique, etc., generally
is on friendly terms with various farmers who have riparian
rights.    One or two pools might hardly be enough for a
party but by travelling in a canoe enough pools can sometimes be fished over to warrant a trip for salmon.
There are a few salmon in the Pocologan.
Richard Scott of Strathadam can sometimes arrange for
rods along water on the Main Northwest Miramichi at Red
Bank where the Little  Southwest leaves the  Northwest.
Mr. Robert H. Armstrong, Newcastle, can often arrange
for a few rods on the Main Northwest Miramichi.
John Hare, Culverton, Northumberland County, has one
pool at Red Bank and can sometimes arrange for others.
William Mullin, Red Bank, has one pool just below the
mouth of the Little Sevogle where there is some early fishing.
Harry Allen, Penniac, York County, has the lease of the
Cains River which has recently been stocked with salmon
and offers good fishing in the early season.
B. S. Moore, 428 King Street, Fredericton, York County,
has lease of upper pools on the Little Tobique, fishing them
from his camps.    This is good fishing little known.
Guides and Their Country
THE MAGAGUADAVIC
PRACTICALLY all of the Magaguadavic country can be
reached on the afternoon of arrival in the Province.
That is, there are either regular stops along the main
line of the Canadian Pacific from McAdam east to St. John
or the conductor will generally arrange to stop. The guides
meet their parties and drive an hour or less to their homes,
proceeding that same day an average distance of perhaps
fifteen miles to the location selected. In many instances
the entire distance from the train to the camping grounds is
less than fifteen miles.
The guides in this region are not equipped to handle
more than two to four men at one time, with two exceptions
which will be mentioned later. Though there is a great deal
of water in this country the game does not "come in" after
the manner of the more northern shooting. It is in fact a
region of open barrens, many of them burned clear of heavy
timber in the great fire of 1903. It is perhaps the best moose
country in the eastern part of Canada, one hunter in 1916
counting 133 moose of which fifty-seven were bulls, on a
two weeks' outing. There are many stretches of greenwoods but most of the game is sighted and stalked in the
open, binoculars being essential. As a rule there is very
little snow hunting in the southern part of New Brunswick
but in the late season the moose come into the open ground
to feed, much after the fashion of the caribou in the more
northern mountain ranges. The remarkable feed conditions
with the young second growth which springs up in the wake
of forest fires in any game country will always, if there is
proper protection, produce more and greater spreads than
the regions where the moose have more or less cleaned out
the roots and lily pads of deadwaters. This southern
region of New Brunswick, however, is not as "primeval" as
the north and for that reason, abundant as it is in game,
may not be preferred by those to whom the actual measurements of heads, on a long trip, is a second consideration.
The fishing in this southern country is best during the
months of June and early July. There are very few canoe
trips, that down the Magaguadavic being the best. Perhaps
the best woodcock covers are those in from Enniskillen,
which are controlled by Wade & Knapp of Perth, and those
reached from Tracey at Little Lake.
Page Six
With few exceptions the guides in this section are hired
by the day, parties stopping in lumber camps or tenting out.
Provisions can be ordered by the guide and shipped from
Saint John or Fredericton. Save where the guides have
complete equipment most of the men charge between three
and four dollars a day for their services, teams to and from
the woods being procured for about ten dollars for each trip—
or about twenty dollars for the round trip. Both moose
calling and still-hunting are practised successfully, though
very little "ridge" hunting is encountered, the guides relying
on finding the moose in the open, an equally strenuous and
exhilarating sport, the sportsman not having to pick his
steps through so much thick timber. As in the north the
deer shooting in November is truly remarkable.
Parties wishing to hunt in from Enniskillen should address all communications there to John S. Butler, who has
charge of Mr. Knapp's woodcock covers.
Hunting in from Tracey it is a drive of twelve miles to
Little Lake, where^ the Phillips Brothers can handle two
sportsmen at one time, all provisions being shipped in advance, or arranged by the guides. The best moose shooting
in this section is along the Piskehagen and Skin Creek.
There are many barrens, meadows or "heaths," an average
distance of five miles from the homes of the Phillips Brothers.
The woodcock shooting consists of "flight" covers and is
very good in season. The charge for guides is about four
dollars a day.    They can provide their own teams.
Joseph Flowers, Gaspereaux, can handle two sportsmen
at once and charges about four dollars a day for his services.
Provisions are shipped from Saint John. Camp can be made
on the afternoon of arrival of paity. This is a fine moose
country in the early season.
John Doran, Saint John, hunts iiHrom Clarendon, driving
twelve miles to his Home Camp oi< day of arrival. Has a
string of small camps in this territory; provides all provisions,
guides, cook for party, etc., at about twelve dollars a day for
each license. Practically all the shooting on this ground is
in the open, particularly in November. From, the Home
Camp it is half a day to one day by packing to the further
country beyond the range of the local meat hunters. This
country borders, on the north and west of the same watershed, that hunted from Bonny River and retains the record HUN    TING
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for number of heads counted. This is a rather strenuous
trip for the more adventurous hunter willing to pack a load
and desirous of stalking his game in the open with either
rifle or camera. In case Doran is in the woods a team into
camp can be procured from Thomas Howell at Clarendon.
Four licenses can be handled at one time.
Charles Raynes, Prince of Wales, hunts in on country
between Loch Alva and main line of the Canadian Pacific.
Meets parties at St. John and can drive that afternoon to
Home Camp on Perch Lake. Teams are procured from
Thomas Taylor, Fairville, or at St. John as desired. This
is an easy trip, hunting over open country and barrens.
Raynes has excellent camps and is entirely competent. He
can provide all provisions, canoes, equipment, etc. It is
possible to pack back to head of the West Branch Musquash
and tent out if so desired.    Altogether a great deer country.
Thomas A. Sullivan, Bonny River. This region is reached
by way of the Shore Line branch of the Canadian Pacific.
Sullivan has extensive and very comfortable camps on Red
Rock Lake and McDougall Lake; furnishes all equipment and
supplies and is thoroughly reliable in every way. The moose
and deer shooting in this region is truly remarkable and there
are also some good woodcock covers. The best trout fishing
is in June and July and there are splendid accommodations
for spending the summer months loafing about the lakes.
The country is open and easily hunted. Parties wishing
to stop over in Saint John can take a morning train which
arrives in Bonny River about noon from the east.
John McAleer, Gaspereaux. This old woodsman can
handle two licenses at one time, meeting parties at Gaspereaux on main line of the Canadian Pacific. Hunts
country iri vicinity of South Oromocto Lake. Has excellent
moose and deer shooting. Charges about four dollars a
day for services and will procure supplies from St. John.
A thoroughly trustworthy man. One-half day by team to
camp.    Sportsmen provide their own equipment.
Sherman Mason, Vanceboro, Me. Has camps on Spednic
Lake and meets parties at Vanceboro, using motor boat to
camp, ten miles from settlement. Three camps completely
equipped. This is a very easy trip,with shooting for moose
and deer. Mason has been very successful in getting bear.
Has good black bass and trout fishing in season. Can handle
two men at one time. Knows the Shogomoc country very well.
Edward James, Tweedside, York County; John Dallas
Davis, Brockway, York County; Vincent Miller, Blaney
Ridge, York County; Frank W. White, St. Croix, York
County; Josiah Corning, Rolling Dam, Charlotte County;
Samuel H. Lord, Pleasant Ridge, Charlotte County, are
all guides who have handled parties in the immediate vicinity
of McAdam, hunting and fishing the Magaguadavic, Shogomoc, Piskehagen and Oromocto waters. They can take care
of from one to two men at a time and furnish canoes, but
sportsmen required to provide|outfit and provisions.
J. Edwin Connors, Black's Harbor, Charlotte County,
hunts and fishes in the immediate vicinity of Pennfield and
St. George, and can be referred to for information regarding
the moose shooting, canoe trips, etc., in this vicinity. ^ Knows
the Pocologan River well, which offers salmon fishing and
canoeing.
Jesse Milliken, St. George, Charlotte County. This fine
old woodsman still handles a few parties. Is thoroughly
reliable and familiar with the Utopia Lake section. A delightful place to spend the summer, with good trout fishing
in the early season. Comfortable and well equipped summer
camps are operated by Mr. W. J. Brine on the shores of
Lake Utopia, about six miles from St. George and two and
a half miles from Utopia station, accessible from either point
by carriage, automobile or motor boat. St. George and
Utopia are both on the Canadian Pacific Shore Line, reached
from the West via McAdam. Licenses can be procured at
McAdam from Mr. F. T. Lister, Collector of Customs.
COUNTRY BETWEEN McADAM AND EDMUNDSTON
There is a good deal of greenwoods country between
McAdam and Edmundston which can be reached on the day
of arrival in the Province. This country, however, is somewhat in the same class as the Magaguadavic region in so far
as there are but few woodsmen fully equipped to handle
parties. There is, however, some very fine fishing and
shooting to be had.
Woodstock is reached about eleven o'clock in the forenoon and an automobile or team can that same day convey
parties to the camp site selected. Mr. George W. Slipp
can supply full information regarding the best guides
and other details. Parties provide their own equipment.
TV>pr<* is good moose, dee - and woodcock shooting, with some
salmon &nd trout fishing in season.
Newburg. Parties can change cars here for Keswick
Station on the Gibson Branch, where Rainsford Allen, Stone
Ridge, York County, has several very fine camps one-half
to one day by team on the Upper Keswick waters. "Rains"
is a very fine hunter and can handle two men at one time,
supplying complete outfit. He hunts several lakes, ridges,
and open country burned over in recent years.
Hartland. There is good moose and deer shooting one-
half to one day from station. James William Crabb,
Cloverdale, hunts eighteen miles to Nashwaak and twelve
miles to South Branch Becaguimec. Sportsmen supply their
own equipment. Crabb is employed as a "walking boss"
for one of the large lumber companies and is familiar with a
great deal of country radiating from Hartland.
Bristol. This is really "Miramichi country." Murdock
Mackenzie, of Biggar Ridge, meets parties at Bristol and
drives same afternoon about twenty-five miles in his own
machine to his Home Camp at the Forks of the North
Branch, Main Southwest Miramichi. He has a very good
set of camps and thoroughly understands the handling and
equipping of parties. It is twelve miles from the Forks to
his camp on Bedell Brook. Hunts this water, the North
Branch, and Tague Brook. Has fine moose and deer shooting
and excellent canoeing. One of the easiest canoe trips
available which can be combined with the best of trout
fishing as well as good salmon fishing. Mackenzie furnishes
full equipment.
rGrand Falls. The country reached from this station is
in and about Salmon River, a drive of about twenty-five
miles, by team. Messrs. Estey and Dixon meet parties and
drive part of the way to hunting grounds on day of arrival.
Furnish complete equipment. Moose and deer shooting by
lakes and deadwaters.
Edmundston and Green River. This country is
described in a preceding section under heading "Canoe
Trips". Several guides, such as Joe Dube and Jack Beau
Pieu can supply canoes for fishing parties, while R. W.
Hammond, Edmundston, can furnish reliable information.
Due to the large lumber operations which have been
carried on in the County of Restigouche, . there is not [ as
good moose shooting as there was a generation ago.
Page Seven HUNTING
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THE MIRAMICHI
DESPITE the legend that once upon a time they ran a
dog to death and measuring the distance called it "a
Miramichi mile," the "Murmashee" is a word to conjure with in the annals of forest travel. It is withal a hardy
country that has taken toll of those adventurers who would
cope with the temper of its "drives"; a region of strong
water; a vast feeding-pond, gravel-bed, forest-slope, Princess
Pine Country that lures one to further conquest and crowns
with a great content those who penetrate its hinterland.
In the archives of one's memory are associated impressions
of men slow of speech and adorned with bandless, black
Stetsons; rivers at eventide where brooks gurgle and choke
and islands of emerald nestle into the afterglow. As has
already been stated, one of the upper branches is accessible
from Bristol (on the railway branch north from McAdam),
but the true Miramichi radiates from that branch which
runs northeast from Boiestown to Newcastle. The Canadian
Pacific train which leaves Montreal in the evening drops one
off at Fredericton Junction, for the Fredericton connection
which city is reached about eleven o'clock in the forenoon.
Fredericton is the capital of the Province, a university town,
squatted by the mighty Saint John River; a restful city of
homes, of country vehicles intermingled with motors, a city
from which one departs for the woods with keen anticipation
of the possibilities in store.
It is customary for many of the guides who hunt or fish the
Miramichi, to meet their parties at Fredericton on the arrival
of the Montreal train. Such a meeting place allows proper
time for the checking up of all equipment and addition of
whatever is necessary, especially in instances where guides
are employed by the day and the sportsman furnishes all
supplies. Fredericton is for example the home of a large
canoe factory, a famous moccasin factory, and the abiding
place of more than one native enthusiast capable of furnishing
minute details as to certain captivating trips. It is the
residence of Mr. Harold McMurray, secretary of the New
Brunswick Guides Association, and other authorities such
as Mr. R. P. Allen and Mr. C. Fred Chestnut. There are
two good hotels, the Barker House and Queen, where one's
extra trunks and bags maybe left till the return from the woods.
As a fish and game country the Miramichi may be said
to have two distinct sections. There is for instance that
country around the headwaters of the Dungarvon, the
Renous, Clearwater, Rocky Brook, and the Little Southwest
Miramichi; that of the Main Northwest Miramichi and its
branches; the two Sevogles, Little River, Tomogonops,
etc. On the north and west the watersheds empty into the
Tobique and the Nepisiguit, on the south into the Miramichi
and its branches. To reach this further country requires
by team from two to four days, while stretching away to
the south of the railway, toward the Gaspereaux and Canaan
country, there are many lakes and barrens which can be
reached in one-half to one day and a half. There are, of
course, hunting and fishing grounds on the north of the
railway but one day or less away.
The hunting in the ^ immediate vicinity of the railway
demands a dry season in order to make possible the best
results. That further back is in more mountainous country. In
many of the nearby lakes the moose have pretty well cleaned
out the feed and have taken to the many small beaver
ponds which each season in New Brunswick are added to
the numerous brooks. The guides in the Miramichi include
the following, recorded in order, more or less, in which their
country is reached from Fredericton.
Page Eight
W. Harry Allen, Penniac, York County. Has string of
comfortable camps on Little River, Sunbury County, reached
in less than a day from Fredericton by automobile and team.
Moose, deer and bear in the locality. Hunts other parties in
from Boiestown on the Rocky Brook and Clearwater grounds,
which he took over from the late William Carson,— a very
fine moose and deer country. Allen is the lessee of Cains
River which affords an easy and most enjoyable canoe trip
with excellent trout fishing, especially in June. It also furnishes salmon fishing, this variety of fish entering the Cains
from the Main Southwest Miramichi. Harry Allen has had
] a great deal of experience in handling parties, thoroughly understands requirements and is in every way competent and reliable.
Richard Evans and William Craig of Taymouth hunt
in the Cains River country and can look after two men at
one time. Have good camps and outfit and thoroughly
understand  the handling  of  hunting parties.
James T. Somerville, Taymouth, has been very successful
in handling hunting parties in the early season and can take
two men at one time. Has a good camp and fine moose
country with water hunting.
William H. Griffin, Sr., William Griffin, Jr., Cross Creek,
York County. Parties to hunt with these men change cars
at Cross Creek Junction for Stanley and drive about three
miles to Cross Creek. William Griffin, Sr., has camps on
Taxes River, Hayden, Deadwater and Trout Lake, on the
south side of the Main Southwest Miramichi, one day by
team from Cross Creek. Is one of the best woodsmen and
still-hunters in eastern Canada. William Griffin, Jr., drives
one day and a half to Home Camp on McKeil Lake. Both
of these men can be relied upon satisfactorily to look after
parties. Each can take care of two men at one time. Have
canoe hunting, and "Willie" is one of the best moose callers
on the Miramichi. Both father and son have had a great
deal of experience photographing moose, having been taught by
Dr. Charles Whitney, the great daylight game photographer.
They are good rivermen for running Southwest Miramichi
from the Forks.
Henry Braithwaite, Fredericton, was one of the first
woodsmen in New Brunswick to take non-resident hunters
into the woods. This grand old man of the Miramichi, now
past eighty years of age, still goes "up country" from Boiestown but has sold out his camps on Crooked Deadwater to
the Ogilvy Brothers of Oxbow. Boiestown will go down
in history as the undergraduate school where many famous
guides served their apprenticeship and no reference to this
station and settlement is complete without paying deference
to this great hunter.
Benaiah Norrad and son, Bloomfield Ridge, York County.
Hunt two days in from Boiestown on Lake Brook, Clearwater,
Rocky Brook and Beaver Brook, with their Home Camp on
"The Sisters." Can handle two men at one time; have
excellent outfit and are thoroughly reliable. The younger
Norrad has a fine reputation as a riverman.
Donald Munn, Boiestown, has good hunting at lakes and
ponds, one day in on the Dungarvon, and has achieved a
fine reputation. Can handle two men at one time. Parties
purchase their own provisions.
Myles Hunter, Jr., Hayesville, York County. Served his
apprenticeship with Henry Braithwaite, hunts in from Boiestown, and can handle one man at a time. Parties purchase
their own provisions.
Donald Augustus McKay, Hayesville, York County.
Has handled successfully many fishing parties for salmon on
the Miramichi and knows all the pools. Can handle one
man at a time for river trip in summer. Lots of Fun on a Light Rod
Salmon Fishing on the Cains River HUNTING
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John Murphy, Ludlow. Hunts about seven miles from
railway on Big Hole Brook, north side of river. One of the
finest characters and woodsmen in the Miramichi country.
Can handle two men at one time from his single camp.
Parties purchase their own provisions. Best hunting in early
season, preferably when it has been dry.
Thomas Weaver, Doaktown. One of the older guides.
Still handles a few parties. Has one camp on Bitter Brook
about one day from station. Can handle two sportsmen at
one time. A woodsman of the old school. Parties purchase
their own supplies.
Frank Russell, Doaktown. Has camp on Muzeral Lake.
Can completely equip parties. Hunts but short distance from
railway and has regular patronage.    Can handle two men.
James A. Storey, Doaktown. Hunts on the Dungarvon,
Bartholomew, barrens and lakes, one day from railway. Can
handle one man at a time.    Parties purchase own provisions.
William Beek, Sr., Doaktown. Hunts one day from train,
between Dungarvon and Bartholomew. A fine moose caller
and tracker. Parties purchase own supplies and stop over
night at guide's house. Beek is a woodsman of the old school
and a fine character. Can handle one hunter at a time,
using lumber camp for headquarters.
Roderick McDonald, Blackville. Hunts one day in by
team on barrens where, with the Hunter's Moon, there is
good calling. Can handle one sportsman at a time. Parties
purchase own provisions.
Manderville Brothers, Bryenton, Northumberland
County. These brothers, Norris, Hiram and David, have,
of late years, devoted most of their time to lumber operations.
Might handle a few parties, especially in the early season.
Hunting country one to four days from Indiantown, and in
season it is possible to run out the Renous about twenty
miles into the Southwest Miramichi by canoe. There is
also some salmon fishing on the Renous. It was while
hunting their further country that Mr. Carl Rungius, the
noted animal painter, procured most of the material for his
now famous moose and caribou pictures. Have a good deal
of open shooting, and (after 1921) should be able to offer good
caribou hunting.
John Wambolt, Littleton, Northumberland County.
Used to hunt on Gaugus and Mullins Stream Lake. An old
woodsman.    Outfits parties complete and is a great hunter.
Peter Fraser, Auburnville, Northumberland County (telephone Bayside). Hunts Bay Du Vin, Little Branch, Meadow
Brook, etc. A very successful hunter. Can handle two men
at one time, sportsmen supplying their own outfit. Meets
parties at Newcastle. Familiar with northwest Miramichi
country.    Also guides for geese and duck shooting.
With Newcastle as a center there are several directions in
which parties may drive in an automobile to the edge of the
woods. The most famous of these is Wayertown, some
seventeen miles from Newcastle, where four guides start
for their respective sections.
Arthur Pringle, of Stanley. Hunts Big Bald Mountain
on the headwaters of the North Branch, Northwest Miramichi, North Sevogle. This fine character has perhaps one
of the best woods equipments in New Brunswick. From
Wayerton it is one day to his Home Camp, and from there
from eight to twelve, to eighteen miles to his outlying camps,
each of which is a complete unit. The guides are carefully
selected, and about six hunters can be handled at one time.
This is a good moose, and (in season) perhaps the best early
caribou country in the Province. A guide for each sportsman is provided with a cook for every two men, pack horse
and packer. Big Bald Mountain is one of the most delightful
hunting regions in New Brunswick.-
Richard Scott of Strathadam, Northumberland County,
has taken over the country formerly covered by Edward
Menzies, of Newcastle. Hunts Little Bald Mountain, headwaters of "42" Nepisiguit, Big South Branch Nepisiguit, North
Branch Sevogle. Outfits parties at Newcastle, and from Wayerton follows the same portage as Pringle to the crutch, where
Scott turns down to his depot camp near the Northwest Miramichi, one day by team from Wayerton. From this depot
camp it is half a day to his Home Camp, from which there are
half a dozen outlying camps. This is fine moose country,
good caribou shooting (after 1921), on the snow, equal to any
in the Province, and the best of bear hunting. Hunts lower
country on Sevogle for moose in November. Can handle
about four rifles in the upper country at one time, or six,
including the hunting from Camp "42," from which there is a
fine calling ground at the Forks of the North Branch Northwest Miramichi. The Home Camp hunting is all in open
country, with lakes and feeding ponds besides. Scott has one
of the best big game sections of the Province. Can sometimes arrange for salmon fishing, and canoe trips on the
Nepisiguit in the early season. Has excellent camps and can
handle parties for trapping in November and December.
George A. McKay, Newcastle. Hunts with his brother
one day in by team from Wayerton on Tomogonops. Has
one good camp and can handle two rifles at one time. This
is one of the very best greenwoods and open ground hunting
regions. It is questionable if there is a good moose country
so little hunted. There is also good bear shooting. George
McKay is a great hunter and trailer. Sportsmen provide
their own provisions.
Edward Way, Wayerton, Northumberland County. Has
one camp on Little River, one day by team from Wayerton.
This is a fine greenwoods moose country early or late. Way
can handle two men at one time, providing complete outfit.
Supplies his own team. Country has hardly been hunted of
late years.
John Hare, Curventon, Northumberland County. A
younger hunter, handles two rifles at one time, has good
camp, drives from home near Redbank. Has fine moose and
deer shooting and some salmon fishing in season.
P. E. Whelan, Renous River, Grainfield. Can supply
information about the Renous country. There are some
very fine lakes on Renous waters, one day by team from
railway, allowing, with high water, party to run out the
Renous by canoe. William McCallum, Newcastle, who
knows all this section of New Brunswick, can supply full
details as to Renous hunting.
Robert Armstrong, Newcastle, can supply sportsmen with
full and reliable information regarding guides for northwest
Miramichi waters.
THE TOBIQUE
THE  morning train from the West reaches McAdam
about  half  past  eight   o'clock.    Prior  to  this hour
visitors from the United States can have their baggage
examined and, if desired, purchase their license from the
Canadian Customs Inspector at that point.
Breakfast may be had on the train or at the C. P. R.
station restaurant. The train for the north, consisting of day
coaches, is made up at McAdam and approximately half an
hour later churns blissfully forth. Perth Junction, the gateway to the Tobique country, is reached about two o'clock in
the afternoon.    There is just time to see that one's baggage
Page Ten HUNTING
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is loaded on the branch-line train before it commences to
wind its way above the gorge of the Tobique Narrows with
Plaster Rock as the final destination, less than twenty-four
hours from Windsor Station, Montreal.
It will be noticed on the map that the railway construction of the Province forms a huge natural game reserve which
on the north is bounded by the branch line running northeast
from St. Leonards; on the south by the railway which follows
the Main Southwest Miramichi northeast from Fredericton;
on the west by the line we have just left at Perth and the
North Branch of the Miramichi itself. Where the Tobique
leaves the railway at Perth its course is almost due north
to the "Forks" or "Millers." It is thus possible from the
west to penetrate three subdivisions of this area: i.e. (1)
the lower country reached from the branch between Perth
and Plaster Rock, and comprising such waters as the head
of the North Branch Miramichi, Tague Brook, The Wapske
and its branch the Riviere de Chute, the head of Burnt Hill
and Clearwater; (2) from Oxbow, Riley Brook and Millers,
the headwaters of the Gulquac, Campbell River, Little
Southwest Miramichi, Serpentine, Blue Mountain Brook,
Mamozekeil and Sisson Branch; (3) and the country at
the head of the Little, or Left Hand Branch Tobique, Nictau
Lake, Bathurst Lakes and Portage Brook, Nepisiguit and
Upsalquitch Lake. It would not be misleading to say that
most of the "Tobique country" is really a backdoor to the
northern branches of the Main Southwest Miramichi. In
fact the watershed which on the south drains into the Miramichi, on the north and west drains into the Tobique. It
is equally true to state that to reach this country from the
south requires on an average of four days, while from the
north and west it can be hunted and canoed on an average
of two days from the train.
The lower country can be reached in one day or less by
team from such stations as Odell River, Reed's Island,
Wapske and Plaster Rock.
The middle section is accessible from one to two days from
Oxbow, Riley Brook and Millers, by team and saddle horses.
The further section one to three days from Millers, by
team, saddle horse or canoe, dependent on the particular
Waters sought.
In hunting the lower country mentioned no automobile
is necessary as the guides meet their parties at the station
and drive them to their own homes or an adjacent farmhouse.
Those sportsmen having arranged to visit regions reached
from Oxbow, Riley Brook or Millers almost invariably have
a car meet them at Plaster Rock and drive that afternoon
and evening through to destination. The trip along . the
Tobique is rather pleasant, however, and one may, if so
desired, stop over night at Wapske or Plaster Rock and motor
through the second day.
The guides herewith recorded are experienced men
capable of handling from two to twelve or fifteen sportsmen
at one time, providing a guide for each license, complete
outfit, and, in most cases, a cook for every two men. The
rates fluctuate from eight to fifteen dollars a day for each
member of the party: the hire of teams, saddle horses, motors,
etc., being an extra charge.
James A. Wright, Odell P. O. Hunts Odell Brook waters
with deadwaters, lakes and ponds on Odell and Tague Brook.
Has two camps about twelve miles in from railway. No
canoeing. This man can handle four rifles for moose shooting,
has good ridge hunting for moose and deer in November,
good moose and deer hunting by the water and ridges in
September and October. Provides his own team and puts
parties up at his home.    Controls one salmon pool on Tobique
River. An experienced hunter in every sense of the word
having served his apprenticeship with George Armstrong
and just recently starting out for himself.
Messrs. Wade & Knapp, Perth. Have taken over the
country opened up by George Armstrong. Meet parties
at train and stay over night at Wapske. Country about one
day by team and saddle horse to Home Camp, approximately
thirty miles from railway. First camp is about twenty
miles in from railway where one man can hunt the ponds
on Sadlier Brook, and the ridges in November. At the Home
Camp where there are several buildings, parties divide; one
man remaining to hunt the Home Camp deadwater on the
main Riviere de Chute; one man at the camp on Gulquac
Deadwater; one man at the camp on Raymond Brook; two
men at the Camp on Beaver Lake at head of Burnt Hill
Brook; three men at Clearwater, head of Clearwater Brook;
one man at the camp at Deer Pond. Canoes are used on
the Home Deadwater, Clearwater, Gulquac and Beaver
Lake. The distance from the Home Camp to the out-lying
camps mentioned averages between six and eight miles,
supplies being packed by the guides and parties interchanging
if desired. This is in all probability as good a water country
as there is in New Brunswick. It has not been lumbered
for ten years nor shot over to any extent for four years.
Messrs. Wade & Knapp also have the lease of the main
Restigouche from the mouth of the Kedgewick up, the best
accessible salmon water in the Province that is open to the
public. They also own at Enniskillen the best woodcock
covers in the Province. Harry Wade can generally be
reached by telegraph or telephone at Perth, Claude Knapp
spending most of his time in the woods with parties.
George E. Gough, North View. Hunts head of North
Pole Brook, Big South Branch Nepisiguit and Silver Brook.
Meets parties at Plaster Rock and drives by machine thirty-
five miles to Millers. It is one day by team to Brooker
Brook where there is hunting for one man; two days by
team to Home Camp. Can handle eight men at one time
in a fine remote country with greenwoods and open mountain
snooting for moose, caribou (when season opens in 1921),
bear, and deer. This country has not been hunted much
for several years and in sections never at all.
Percy B. Falding, Perth. Meets parties at Perth or
Plaster Rock, motoring through to Riley Brook, twenty-eight
miles. One day by team from Riley Brook to Home Camp
on Serpentine Lake, about thirty miles from settlement.
Hunts Serpentine Lake and Serpentine Deadwater and
Adders Lakes, which comprise eight or nine pieces of water,
Wright Br6ok, Vandine Brook, Cow Mountain Barrens, Britt
Brook, etc. There is canoeing on Home Camp Deadwater,
and, when the water is high enough, all the way down into
the Right Branch Tobique and out to Millers. Two men
can be handled at Home Camp; two men at Wright Brook;
two men at Vandine Brook; three men at Serpentine Lakes.
There is good moose, caribou (when open in 1921), bear and
deer shooting, and in addition Falding is the lessee of the
Nepisiguit River above the Falls. This is one of the best
canoe trips in the Province, parties poling up the Little
Tobique to Nictau Lakes, portaging three miles to the first
Bathurst Lake, running from the lower Bathurst Lake.
The trout fishing at Lyman's Hole, Devil's Elbow, Paradise
Pool, Big South Branch, is pretty sure to raise fish in excess
of three pounds. (See "In the Woods and on the Shore,"
by Richard D. Ware). Percy Falding lives much of the time
in the woods and is thoroughly reliable in every way.
Lindsay Vanderbeck and Asa Marston, Sisson Ridge,
Riley Brook.    Meet parties at Plaster Rock, motoring to
Page Eleven HUNTING
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Riley Brook. Team to camps, located nine, fifteen and
twenty miles beyond, on Everett Brook Lake, Nary Brook
Lakes and Britt Brook Deadwater. Interesting canoe trips in
this country, with good trout and togue fishing. Moose and
deer shooting by the water and on the ridges; also bear hunting.
Roy and Charles Barker, Riley Brook. Meet parties
at Plaster Rock and drive to Riley Brook with machines.
Have camps on Blue Mountain Lakes, Riley Brook Lakes,
Square Lake, and Mud Lake, with accommodations for about
eight sportsmen at one time. One day to first camp by team.
Both these brothers are experienced hunters and have moose
and deer shooting by water and ridges. Charlie Barker
spends most of his time in the woods and has a fine reputation
as a moose caller. Most of the early hunting in September
and October is done from canoes.
John Jenkins, Burnt Land Brook. Meets parties at
Plaster Rock and motors to Burnt Land Brook. Has one
camp on Gulquac and Stewart Brook, fourteen miles from
Burnt Land Brook. Moose and deer snooting with canoeing
in the early season.    Can handle two men at one time.
Ogilvy Brothers, Oxbow. Meet parties at Perth or
Plaster Rock and drive them in their own machine to Home
Camp at Oxbow the same day. It is one day to their first
camp on Trousers Lake. Hunt from this camp, with outlying camps equipped with bedding: Long Lake, Greys Lake,
Indian Lake, Mud Pond, Little Gulquac, Grover Lake, and
the country on Crooked Deadwater, Little Southwest
Miramichi, which they have procured from Henry Braithwaite. These men are equally as well equipped as any
guides in the east and can handle fifteen licenses at one
time. They have moose, caribou (when open in 1921), deer
and bear shooting, with several canoe routes for trout fishing
and game photography in the summer months. They also
own their own and have, under lease, other pools for salmon
fishing on the main Tobique River. The Ogilvy Brothers
are in every sense of the word thoroughly reliable woodsmen
with capable head guides to take care of their parties.
Amos Gaunce, Riley Brook. Meets parties at Perth or
Plaster Rock, motors that day to his home at Riley Brook.
Can hunt two men on Mamozekeil where he has one camp.
Hunts here for moose, deer and bear, watching for game at
a famous "lick." Can canoe out to home down Right Hand
Branch Tobique. Has a larger outfit on Sisson Branch
which is reached in less than a day from the Forks, returning
by canoe down Left Hand Branch to his home. Has one
camp at some ponds, known as Bond Camp; and the very
best of canoe hunting on Sisson Lake, Half Moon Lake, and
Sisson Branch. Has one camp on Sisson Lake and one camp
six miles up Sisson Branch. Can handle two men at Sisson
Lake, one man at Bond Camp, one man at Forks Sisson
Branch. Sisson Branch and Half Moon Lake are particularly
adapted for game photography. Amos Gaunce has good
moose and deer shooting early and late. He is one of the
greatest woodsmen in the western part of the Province.
The trout fishing in Sisson Lake has produced fish over six
pounds on the fly. Owns one very good salmon pool in
front of his home on the Tobique.
B. S. Moore, Fredericton. Meets parties at Perth or
Plaster Rock, motoring to Millers, thirty-five miles, day of
arrival. Drives or poles Left Hand Branch Tobique,
hunting bogans and ponds en route to Home Camp on
Nictau Lake. Moore is thoroughly equipped for handling
canoeing and game photography parties and has good moose
and deer shooting. Can handle about eight licenses at one
time. First camp at Oxbow, seven miles above Millers;
second camp seventeen miles from Millers known as County
Line Camp with bogans and ridges; third camp six miles
from county line known as Red Brook; fourth camp six miles
beyond Red Brook; while the Home Camp is on Nictau Lake
six miles from the Ridge Camp. There are also camps both
north and south of the Home Camp with. outlying shed
camps. Dependent on water conditions it requires two to
three days to pole to Nictau Lake, which can be reached in
one day by team from Millers. About one day to a day and
a half is necessary to run out by canoe from Nictau to Millers.
Charles Cremin, Fredericton, York County. Meets
parties at Plaster Rock and motors to Millers, proceeding
from there by team or canoe to Nictau Lake and portaging
to Bathurst Lake. Has Home Camp on second Bathurst
Lake, one of the most beautiful bits of water in New Brunswick. Cremin hunts the head of the Nepisiguit, on Portage
Brook, and South East or Upsalquitch Lake. Can handle
about ten licenses at one time; does most of his hunting from
canoes and has a fine set of camps and equipment. Has
good moose, caribou (after 1921), bear and deer shooting
both early and late; is an experienced woodsman and has
had singular success in procuring photographs of live game,
especially moose.
Selection of Guides and Approximate Cost of Outings
THE selection of a guide is very largely a personal matter.
By a gradual process of development there are today
in New Brunswick two distinct kinds of guides. A
generation ago when such men as Henry Braithwaite and
George Armstrong, Sebastit Joseph and Amos Gaunce first
took sportsmen into the woods, the hunting parties provided
all equipment and paid the guide a fixed amount per day.
Very largely, however, the success of hunting any country
depends on the transportation facilities; and it was established that only by repeated trips, on which fresh trails
were swamped, camps or outlying lean-tos erected, supplies
cached, etc., could the best results for the brief period at
the disposal of most vacationists be obtained. Moreover,
as the business developed, certain guides built up an asset
in their camps and woods equipment. Almost entirely this
sport at that time was restricted to the country east of the
St. John River, but in 1903 the law on moose shooting on
the west side of the St. John was thrown open.    So vast is
the extent of the game and fish regions of New Brunswick*
however, there is today room for both types of guides.
Along the Tobique and the the Miramichi the guides have
been in the business for a generation longer than those on
the West side of the Saint John. This has resulted in the
larger percentage of guides with full equipment residing in
the northern part of the Province.1
Another consideration of great importance which governs
the success of a hunting or fishing party is the size of the
party. There are over four hundred guides in the Province
as a whole, of which the great majority are capable of taking
a party of two or three people. The guides equipped to outfit a large party can be counted with ease.
The distance from the railway to the various hunting
and fishing grounds regulates to a large extent the cost of trip.
Either the guide who outfits a party complete must hire
teams to stock his camps, open up new country, keep his
trails cleared, etc., or the hunter will have to go to a consider-
Page Twelve Making Movies on the Little Tobique
Cabins of this type are „,,„,, throughout the Huntlng Country HUNTING
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able expense in team hire to reach a far country that has not
been opened up. A decision in this matter centres largely
upon the question of environment, many men preferring
the long trips with the utter remoteness from anything civilized,
others choosing a section which can be reached with little
effort. The country in New Brunswick reached by the
Canadian Pacific may be from half a day to four days by
team from the railway. In many cases the team meets the
party at the train, while in others an automobile is utilized
from the train to where the team or canoe enters the woods.
Those guides who have penetrated the further country
where the local meat hunter is not apt, because of the expense
of the team, to venture, generally erect one camp for the
sportsmen with another adjoining where the cooking is
attended to and the guides sleep. Occasionally at what is
known as a "depot" or "home" camp, there will be several
"sports camps,* which of course is desirable when ladies
are included in a party. In the early season tents are sometimes used, though a guide's means of "holding the ground"
to prevent, by the unwritten law, another guide hunting his
country, is to erect camps wherever he has occasion for parties
to spend the night. From the "home" camp there are
generally several outlying camps from which one or two men
can hunt at a time. In this manner a large party can be
accommodated. The further camps are almost invariably
in "water" country, or built for some special purpose, such
as caribou shooting or bear-stalking at a certain definite
period. For the late hunting on the ridges the great majority
of guides use camps comparatively close to the settlements.
For each license in a party one guide is provided and usually
a cook or packer for every two hunters.
The men who have no particular equipment, or just one
small camp, are hired by the day, and the hunters purchase
provisions and supplies. In many instances tents are used
in the early season, or an old abandoned lumber camp made
waterproof by a few strips of tar paper. In certain instances,
two men who are congenial can engage one guide, furnish
their own equipment, and reduce the expenses of a trip.
Under such conditions, of course, it may require at least
double the time to procure satisfactory shots.
During the fishing season and in arranging for canoe trips
there are certain men who have hunting outfits along canoe
routes, while others simply own their own canoe, the sportsman providing all necessary equipment.
The cost of a trip in which the guide provides everything,
save transportation to and from the railway, averages about
twelve dollars a day; the lowest rate being about nine dollars,
the highest being fifteen dollars. An automobile to and from
the train costs about forty dollars for the round trip; team
bill to and from camp from forty to eighty dollars for
the round trip. Saddle horses, that is, any horse that happens to be used to woods work and is fitted with a saddle,
together with a man to bring the horses in and out of the
woods, cost in the vicinity of five dollars a day. Where
money is a secondary consideration, a hunting trip for two
men to New Brunswick, twenty days in the woods, would
cost approximately:
Railway ticket and sleeper	
License—one bull moose, two deer ($50.00) $100.00
Automobile... ....,       40.00
Team to and from settlement (average)       40.00
Two guides, cook, all provisions, $12.00 a
day each     480.00
Hotel bill, meals en route (estimate)       20.00
Two saddle horses(?) at $5.00 a day       40.00
Express on heads, meat, etc. (estimate)       20.00
$740.00
Plus 10% for unexpected expenses...       74.00
$814.00
or $407.00 each, plus transportation and
sleeping car fares.
In hunting some of the more accessible country where a
guide can just handle two men at one time the approximate
cost for two men for a twenty-day trip would be:
Licenses (at $50.00 each)  $100.00
Team to and from camp.....       40.00
Two guides and all provisions at $9.00 a day
each     360.00
Hotel bill en route       20.00
Express on heads, etc       20.00
$540.00
Plus 10% for emergencies       54.00
$594.00
or $297.00 each, plus railway and sleeping
car fares.
In hunting equally accessible country where two guides
and a team are engaged, and the hunters provide their own
equipment and supplies the approximate cost for a twenty-
day trip would be:
Licenses (at $50.00 each)  $100.00
Team to and from camp       40.00
Two guides at four dollars a day     160.00
Provisions estimated at $1.50 a day per man
or $6.00 a day     120.00
Board bill at farmhouse       20.00
Express on heads, etc       20.00
$460.00
Plus 10% for emergencies..;  $ 46.00
$506.00
or $253.00 each, plus railway and sleeping car
fares.
In some instances this amount can be reduced, but such
are the exception.
On canoe trips where the party leaves the end of steel,
and after running a river comes out at another point, there
is a charge for the return of the canoes and guides to their
homes, unless the guides should pole up the river from the
final destination, in which case they are paid for their time.
Personal Outfit and Equipment
THE following hints as to personal outfit and equipment
especially adapted to the New Brunswick woods, have
been set down for the guidance of intending sportsmen
by an authority who has had wide out-of-doors experience in
every section of that Province. At the same time it is
recognized that the matter of personal equipment is largely
one of individual taste and preference.
Pc.ge Fourteen
Clothing. It is most important to wear light .weight
woollen underwear while either shooting or fishing. This
precaution prevents colds. Two suits of two-piece underwear are recommended. Heavy hand-knit socks, preferably
those made by the farmers' wives, which can be procured
from Davidsons' woollen shop, Union Street, Saint John,
N. B., are superior to factory socks.    At least six pair should HUNTING
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be carried by each sportsman. Two pairs of medium weight
soft finish woollen trousers cut after the fashion of loose
riding breeches, and lined with waterproof material at the
seat and knees; belt, suspenders, waistcoat and a good stag
shirt, will be found a better combination than any hunting
suit. A good sweater and a very light waterproof can be
added. Shirts should preferably be of stout flannel with
extra large pockets. A fine type of moccasins are made by
William Gokey, known as the "stillhunter" model, and
should have a quarter inch pad of harness felt insole. For
snow hunting the best smoketans are made by Putman.
Moccasins should be about ten inches in height and laced
with belt lacing One good pair of mittens is preferable
to any type of glove. Pads of the material used by tailors
in finishing shoulders about six by four inches, by one
inch, will be found very satisfactory if pinned inside the
shoulders of one's hunting shirt. In packing or portaging
this pad will relieve to a considerable extent the strain
on the neck muscles.
Rifles. Preferably such rifles as have a low trajectory
should be chosen, especially those capable of smashing bone.
The best of the lever-action models include the "30-40," the
"33," "45-70" highpower; of the bolt-action rifles the Springfield "06-220" grain bullet; the Ross "280"; Newton "30,"
Jeffrey "33," Mauser "8mm," and "9mm"; Mannlicher
"8mm" and "9mm." The Remington "35" has also done
good work. Two very satisfactory Express models are the
"360" and the "303-75." All rifles should be fitted to the
hunter using them and should preferably have gold or ivory
bead and a Lyman receiver sight in addition to the open
sights. The Winchester steel cleaning rod with their Crystal
Cleaner is the most satisfactory combination for cleaning
rifles. In choosing a rifle for a woman it must be remembered
most rifle stocks are too long. Perhaps the best all round
stock rifle for general use is the "33." The U. S. Army sling
is the best model adaptable to woods use. Shells aree asily
carried by sewing to the waistcoat a strip of denim, allowing
one long loop for each shell.    A good cap is preferable to a hat.
Binoculars. Should be about "8" power with a wide
field. When in the open they should be slung from a short
strap and tucked inside the throat of the hunting shirt.
Bedding. The best blankets are the Hudson Bay "four
point," meaning four pounds of pure wool to the blanket,
and should be dark in color. Many woodsmen prefer an
eiderdown, which, made to order, weighs about six pounds
and is the equivalent of about twenty pounds of blankets
Genuine Hudson Bays can be obtained, minus duty, at St.
John, and shipped to the station desired. A good sleeping
bag that can be easily opened to air, more or less waterproof,
and fitted with a light air bed, is practically a necessity.
Otherwise a tarpaulin of some nature must be carried.
The best and most satisfactory combination is an eiderdown
fitted with a light waterproof envelope,and a Comfort Sleeping
Pocket, which can be procured from any large outfitter.
Duffle Bags. Several good duffle and pack bags should
be reckoned in every woods' outfit. These should include
at least a dozen of the large models of waterproof food bags.
If one is sufficiently interested it is possible to procure some
kapoc and attach the same to all duffle bags apt to be upset
from a canoe. Kapoc in fact is used to make non-sinkable
garments and is of importance in crossing large areas of
water, running dangerous rapids, etc. One or two good
pack-straps, one small bag pack for carrying lunch, etc., will
be found very convenient in moving from one camp to another.
Cameras. Many years of photography in the New
Brunswick woods have demonstrated that the best all round
woods camera is the 3^< x 4>< roll film camera, fitted preferably with a Tessar 2B lens. A tripod is essential, as it is
necessary to make long exposures, in the majority of cases,
to obtain good pictures in the woods. The No. 2 Harvey
Exposure Meter is the most satisfactory guide in making
good pictures and should be used in conjunction with Circular
25 which accompanies it. A three times color screen is of
imperative assistance in making pictures of landscapes,
clouds, especially snow scenes when there is no sun, and
autumn pictures where there is a riot of color. Roll films
should be packed in tin boxes and sealed with surgeon's
tape. Simple rules to follow in making good pictures are:
Always use a tripod for still pictures; never take portraits
in the sun, but in the shadow; the nearest thing to a "foolproof" camera is a 3X x 4X, focused at a distance of twenty-
five feet, stopped down to F 16, and then exposed according
to the meter. In making flashlight pictures the IMP Gun
will be found very satisfactory and should preferably be
fitted to a Volute Shutter (air lease). For interior powder
No. 15" at stop F 11 is very good. Night work outside
requires about one ounce of fast powder, the camera being
focused at fifteen feet, stopped down to F 16. Using an
air release shutter in outdoor flashlight work l/25th of a
second will generally stop the action caused by a canoe or
animal. For those enthusiasts more advanced in photography a very good combination for daylight pictures of
game is a 17" Ross Telecentric F 6.8 fitted with an Optimo
Shutter, to a 3><x4X Graphic. Focus the camera for
twenty-five feet or infinity, according to the picture, and
then expose by the meter. Such a method is preferable to
that fitting a telephone to a reflecting mirror camera, unless
the operator is an expert and can overcome any vibration
from the release of the focal-plane shutter. A tripod is
just as essential in woods photography with a focal-plane
shutter as it is with any other camera. The Volute and compound shutters are equally as fast as the focal-plane type.
Cinematographs can easily be adjusted to a canoe and fastened
to the head of their special tripod and screwed down to a
plank nailed across the thwarts. The Harvey Motion Picture
Meter is accurate for such exposures. Care must be taken to
prevent, in making movies, the bow of the canoe snowing in
the picture. All films of any nature should be shipped to
experts for development and enlarging. A camera today is
almost as essential as one's rifle or tackle, and should be
equally as good in point of quality.
Tents. The best all round tent is a light weight "leanto"
fitted with a curtain of cheesecloth. Such a tent should be
about seven by nine feet with good head room. A good tent
will sometimes be used with a stove which, of the folding
type, is often very satisfactory.
Tackle. For salmon fishing the favorite rod seems to
be of split bamboo of approximately fourteen feet in length
and weighing about as many ounces. A good flat winch of
single action and capable of handling a hundred yards or more
of line is most essential. As in all fly fishing the weight of the
line used should be just sufficient to bring out the action of
the rod and may either be a taper or backed all the way by
cuttyhunk No. 9. In many cases a net is preferable to a
gaff but both should be taken along on a trip. The best
leaders and flies for salmon fishing is a subject which has
.well nigh rocked kingdoms. In the early season or with a
rise of water, salmon will take a large fly on a stout leader;
when the season is far advanced, to a trout cast. Flies are
generally, especially in the small sizes, tied on double hooks,
ranging in sizes from about No. 2 to No. 12. Popular
patterns are the Silver Grey, Silver Doctor, Jock Scott,
Durham Ranger, Dusty Miller and Black Dose.
Page Fifteen HUNTING
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Trout rods suggested vary in weight from four to eight
ounces and are preferably of bamboo. The reel should be
single action, light and flat ;n design. It is customary to
fish the single fly in New Brunswick and the standard patterns will be found satisfactory, varying from the old reliable
Parmacheene Belle to the tiniest of dry flies. In the back
country one fly is as good as another, but the water nearer
the settlements requires a good deal of skill. In sea trout
fishing it is not necessary to "strike" rising fish, which are
generally caught in fast water.
If guides have not facilities for purchasing complete list
of supplies they can be obtained in St. John, from S. S*
DeForest & Sons, Baird & Peters, etc., and shipped to any
section of the Province. A brand of bacon almost unknown
in the United States, the "Windsor Back" for tenderloin
bacon, is cured in St. John by Mr. Frank Flewelling and can
be forwarded to destination. A famous brown bread which
will keep for ten days is put up by Lotners, Sydney Street,
St. John.
Reliable sportsmen's outfitters are W. H. Thorne & Co.,
St. John, N. B.; T. McAvity & Sons, St. John, N. B.; Chestnut
& Co., Fredericton, N. B. For fishing tackle, rods only,
Joseph Dalzell, Waterloo Street; rods and tackle, Charles
Bailey, Jr.; Sinibaldi & Ogden Smith, St. John, N. B.
Summary
In considering all available information some conclusions may be reached by applying the following suggestions.
MOOSE HUNTING
Large parties should select a head guide from thbse mentioned on "The Tobique" or "The Miramichi."
Parties including women should, preferably, hunt during
the early season and if possible by canoe.
Middle-aged hunters not capable of long tramps should
hunt from a canoe. jf
Parties on their first trips and inexperienced are recommended to engage guides who can furnish complete outfit.
If time and money are a secondary consideration the trips
furthest from the railway are advised.
If time is a first consideration those trips of one day or less
from the train will offer from two to four days more snooting,
If expense is a prime factor the "Magaguadavic" country
should be considered. There are also a few comparatively
cheap trips on the lower Tobique and Miramichi.
All things considered the really "best shooting" is between
September 25th—October 20th.
Sportsmen with hardy constitutions should (1) select a
region far removed from the settlements; (2) a guide who does
not furnish an outfit but is familiar with good tenting grounds;
(3) try a November trip.
A guide who is "full up" need not of necessity have the
best shooting but simply is a trifle more efficient as to details,
such as camps, cooks, provisions, etc. A party willing to
check their provisions and have a definite understanding before
leaving for the woods as to all such details will be amply
repaid and find the guides only too glad to co-operate.
TROUT FISHING
The best fishing in "The Magaguadavic" country is in June, i
The best sea-trout fishing is in July and August.
Trout on the fly in excess of three pounds are practically
assured on the upper Nepisiguit, Bedell Brook, The Tabusin- ]
tac, Green River, and The Madawaska.   All of this is river or j
stream fishing.    Lake fishing is always uncertain, but that on
Sisson Branch Lake, Kidron Lake, etc., is remarkable in season.
There is excellent trout fishing on Cains River in June.
There is splendid trout fishing at Bonny River in June.
CANOE TRIPS
Where time and money do not matter the Tobique-
Nepisiguit and the Southwest Miramichi are the choice canoe
trips, including as they do excellent fly fishing.
The earlier in season any canoe trip is made the better
water conditions are generally to be encountered.
PROTECTION OF FORESTS FROM FIRE
The value of the New Brunswick forests can hardly be
over-estimated, although the destruction of portions of them
by fires amounts annually to a very serious item. Anyone
who has been in a district over which a fire has recently
passed will appreciate the utter ruin of the district for many
years for the tourist, the hunter and the angler; and we
believe every true sportsman is glad to do anything in his
power to prevent destruction of the forests and will observe
carefully the following suggestions of the Forest Rangers:
"The greatest care should be exercised between April 15th
and October 15th, and if a fire is made in the forest? or at a
distance of less than one-half mile therefrom, for cooking
or obtaining warmth, the maker should:
"First. Select a locality in the neighborhood of which
there is the smallest quantity of combustible material, dead
wood, branches, dry leaves, etc.
"Second. Clear the space in which he is about to light
the fire by removing all vegetable matter, dead leaves,
branches, brush wood and dry leaves from the soil within a
radius of five feet from the fire.
"Third. Exercise and observe every reasonable care and
precaution to prevent such fire from spreading, and carefully
and completely extinguish the same before quitting the place.
"Great care should be exercised to see that burning
matches, ashes of pipe and lighted cigars or cigarettes, burning gun wadding, or any other burning substance, should
be completely extinguished before the sportsman leaves the .
spot. Too much care cannot be exercised in these important
matters.
"Sportsmen are respectfully requested to report forest
fires promptly to the nearest Forest Ranger or to the Chief
Fire Warden, Crown Land Office, Fredericton."
Page Sixteen
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5-9-'19
POOLE BROS. CHICAGO.
Chamdook I*1^
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St.Martins
B ^ V
: Indicates Wagon Roads CANADIAN  PACIFIC RAILWAY
OFFICERS OF THE TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT
W. R. MacINNES,    Vice-President,    Montreal
C. E. E. Ussher Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
W. B. Lanigan Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
Sir Geo. McL. Brown,
K. B. E ...European General Manager London, Eng.
C. B. Foster Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreai
C. E. McPherson Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Winnipeg
W. H. Snell General Passenger Agent Montreal
G. A. Walton General Passenger Agent Winnipeg
H. W. Brodie.. General Passenger Agent Vancouver
H. E. MacDonnell Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
Major W. M.
Kirkpatrick, M.C Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Winnipeg
E. N. Todd General Foreign Freight Agent Montreal
R. E. Larmour General Freight Agent........ Montreal
W. C. Bowles General Freight Agent Winnipeg
H. G. Dring European Passenger Manager London, Eng.
Geo. C. Wells Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager... Montreal
. A. O. Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
J. O. Apps General Agent, Mail, Baggage and Milk Traffic,
s,                        Montreal.
J. M. Gibbon... General Publicity Agent ...Montreal
PASSENGER AGENCIES
Atlanta  Ga E. G. Chesbrough, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 220
Healey Bldg.
Boston Mass L. R. Hart, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept,, 332 Washington Street
Brandon Man Robert Dawson, District Passenger Agent
Buffalo N.Y Geo. O. Walton, General Agent Passenger Dept.,
11 S. Division Street
Calgary Alta J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent
Chicago Ill T. J. Wall,  General Agent Passenger Dept., 140
South Clark Street
Cincinnati Ohio...M. E. Malone, General Agent Passenger Dept.,
430 Walnut Street
Cleveland Ohio...Geo. A. Clifford, General Agent Passenger Dept.,
2033 East Ninth Street
Detroit Mich M. G. Murphy, General Agent Passenger Dept.,
199 Griswold Street
Edmonton Alta....C. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent, 10012  Jasper Avenue, East
Fort William Ont A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent, 404 Victoria
Avenue
„ ..- XT a / R. U. Parker, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agent, 117 HollisSt
Hallfax -N-^- \ J. D. Chipman, City Pass'r Agent, 126 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont A. Craig, City Passenger Agent, Cor. King and
James Street
Juneau Alaska. ..F. F. W. Lowle, General Agent
Kansas City Mo R. G. Norris, Trav. Pass'r Agent, 614-615 Railway
Exchange Bldg.
London Eng H. G. Dring, European Passenger Manager, 62-65
Charing Cross S. W.
London... Ont H. J. McCallum, City Pass'r Agent, 161 Dundas St.
Los Angeles Cal... A. A. Polhamus,  Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 605
South Spring Street
Minneapolis Minn A. G. Albertsen, General Agent Pass'r Dept., 611
2nd Avenue S.
( R. G. Amiot, Dist. Pass'r Agent, Windsor St. Sta.
Montreal Que.^ F. C. Lydon, City Pass'r Agent, 141-145 St. James
1 Street
Nelson B.C J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent
New York N.Y F. R. Perry, General Agent Passenger Dept?, 1231
Broadway Cor. 30th Street
Ottawa Ont J. A. McGill, City Passenger Agent, 83 Sparks St.
Philadelphia Pa R. C. Clayton, City Pass'r Agent, 629 Chestnut St.
Pittsburgh Pa C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept., 340
Sixth Avenue
Portland Ore E E. Penn, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 55 Third St.
Quebec Que C. A. Langevin, City Passenger Agent, Palais Sta.
Regina Sask J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent
St. John N.B N. R. DesBrisay, District Pass'r Agent, 40 and 42
King Street
St. Louis Mo E L. Sheehan, General Agent Passenger Dept., 418
Locust Street
St. Paul Minn H. M. Lewis, A. G P. A. (Soo Une),   1111  Merchant's Bank Building
San Francisco Cal F. L. Nason, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept., 645
Market Street
Saskatoon Sask W. E. Lovelock, City Ticket Agent, 115 Second
% Avenue
Seattle Wash E. F. L. Sturdee,  Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 608
Second Avenue
Spokane Wash E. L. Cardie   Traf.  Mgr. Spokane International
Railway
Tacoma Wash D. C. O'Keefe, City Pass'r Agent, 1113 Pacific Ave.
Torontn omt J W. B. Howard, Dist. Passenger Agent... \ 1 King
toronto unt.-j Wm. Fulton, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agent.... /St. East
Vancouver B.C J. Moe, City Passenger Agent, 434 Hastings Street,
West
Victoria B.C L.   D.   Chetham,   City   Passenger   Agent,   1102
Government Street
Washington D.C C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent, 1419 New
• York Avenue
Winnipeg Man A. G. Richardson, Dist. Pass'r Agent, Main and
Portage Avenue taHpp
HDNTIPHG
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11 j I
CANADIAN PACIFIC
RAILWAY

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