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Eastern tours through the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1912

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HE traveller who plans a trip from California
or cities of the North Pacific Coast to the
eastern  portion  of  the United  States  or
Canada, should ask for a ticket reading at
least one way via the Canadian Pacific Railway, as no other route permits the passenger to enjoy
the charming steamer trip across Puget Sound or the
matchless scenery of the far-famed Canadian
Rocky Mountains.    Those residing in the
cities of the North Pacific Coast or Western
Canada,   visiting   the   East, can  obtain a
most  enjoyable   combination   rail   and
water trip by travelling one way through
the mountains and returning through
the delightful   Kootenay   District.
A stop-over of at least one day
at each of the   five  beauty spots
of the mountains—Glacier, Field,
Lake Louise, Banff and Balfour
—should be arranged.
Through connections — connections involving no inconveniences—can be arranged at the
starting point for the entire trip.
Empress Hotel and Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Trains equipped with every convenience to the traveller
are to be had from points along the Pacific Coast to
Seattle and Vancouver, where the passenger joins the
Canadian Pacific.
Travelling over the Canadian  Pacific during the
Canadian Pacific Hotel, Vancouver
summer is most delightful, because of the uniformly cool temperature in the mountains north
of the international boundary line.
The wonderful   scenery  of   the   Canadian
Rockies—the broad rich prairies, the  rugged
Lake Superior district—the Georgian Bay and
Muskoka Lakes districts, the big cities of the
East, with their distinctive characteristics—
Niagara Falls, Quebec, St.John, the cities
of the Maritime Provinces, Halifax
and " Evangeline Land," all conspire
to give the tourist, choosing his route
through   Canada,  more  diversified
scenery than can be found elsewhere in the world.    Old French
Canada is full of historic interest,
and no one can be said to have
completed his education till he has
stayed a day at Quebec, FROM CALIFORNIA
Passengers from California have the choice of either
an overland trip or a sea voyage to Portland or Seattle.
From San Francisco, the picturesque Shasta Route of
the Southern Pacific, or the San Francisco & Portland
Steamship Company, or the Pacific Coast Steamship
Company's steamers, may be used.
To, Victoria and Vancouver, from Seattle, the
Canadian Pacific Railway operates the magnificent
1 'Princess" steamers. The fastest and best equipped on
the Pacific Coastwise trade, these have an average speed
of eighteen knots per hour, and are in constant touch by
wireless with land stations en route. This is the most
enjoyable 165-mile inland water trip in America, and
passengers travelling eastward via the Canadian Pacific
Railway may include this delightful steamer trip without
additional expense. The scenery is of ever-changing
Chateau Lake Louise, Lakes in the Clouds, Rocky Mountains
Canadian Pacific has one of its finest hotels here—the
Empress, overlooking the harbour and is situated near
the handsome Parliament Buildings. Canadian Pacific
Railway steamers connect Victoria with the mainland.
A charming beauty and
homelike restfulness are the
characteristics of Victoria,
the capital of British Columbia. Lacking nothing in the
way of business enterprise,
lively trading and prosperity, Victoria possesses good
roads, pretty parks and
boulevards, cut after the
pattern of those in England.
The best automobile roads
in British Columbia are on
Vancouver Island, that immense area of which Victoria
is the principal city.    The
The •• Imperial Limited'» at Glacier
At Mission the Canadian Pacific Railway rail connection from Seattle joins the main line. This line,
operated in connection with the Northern Pacific Railway Company, gives the traveller the option of an all-
water or all-rail route from Seattle to Vancouver.
"The Terminal City," population 150,000, the
terminal of the largest transportation company on
earth, the Canadian Pacific, has a wonderfully strategic
location on Burrard Inlet, an arm of the Pacific Ocean.
It is closer to the Orient than
any other city on the Pacific
The championship for
speed on the Pacific is held
by the Canadian Pacific
liner, " Empress of Russia,"
which crossed the Pacific
Ocean in nine days and two
From Vancouver the
Canadian Pacific " Princess"
steamers offer an unexcelled
service to Victoria, Seattle,
northern British Columbia
and Alaskan ports.
The Hotel Vancouver,
one of the Canadian Pacific
Railway hotels, is being extended on a very large scale. \p {2_
For 500 continuous miles east of Vancouver the main
line of the Canadian Pacific leads through scenery
such as can be found nowhere else on earth. But a
few miles out of Vancouver the steel trail begins to
twist and turn its way through a gigantic fairyland of
unbelievable beauty and magnificence. The stupendous
masses of rock piled literally to the sky, crowned with
scintillating snow which reflects back the sunlight in
all the colors of the spectrum, are only a part of the
panorama unreeled, mile by mile, as the train proceeds.
The Canon of the Thompson is entered beyond
Ashcroft. Its angry waters rush along in a perfect
maelstrom. After the junction with the Fraser, at
Lytton, the scenery assumes still wilder aspect. North
Bend is situated in the heart of the Fraser Canon,
amid  awe-inspiring surroundings.
At Sicamous the traveller may board the branch line
train   to   Vernon  and ^^
other points in the
Okanagan Valley. At
Sicamous the Canadian
Pacific Railway has a
splendid hotel, which
forms an excellent
headquarters for those
who wish to stay over %&
to shoot, fish or make
a daylight trip through
the mountains. ilk
Near the summit of
the Selkirk Range lies
Glacier, in the midst
of a region of mighty
peaks and glaciers,
woods and waterfalls.
Seeming but a few
hundred feet away, but
in reality more than
two miles, heap up the
massive ice piles of
the great lllecillewaet
Glacier. To its left
towers the monolith of
Mount Sir Donald to a
height of a mile and a
quarter above the railway. Another of the
Canadian Pacific's
mountain hotels, here,
affords an opportunity
for a delightful sojourn.
From Revelstoke
the line passes through
Twin Butte to Albert
Mount Sir Donald
Canon. Just east of the station the train runs suddenly
along the very brink of several remarkably deep fissures
in the solid rock, whose walls rise straight up hundreds
of feet on both sides to wooded crags, above which
sharp distant peaks cut the sky. The most striking
feature of these canons is the Albert, where the river
is seen nearly one hundred and fifty feet below the
railway, compressed into a boiling flume scarcely twenty
feet wide.
From Albert Canon the railway follows the valley
of the lllecillewaet River and rises along the western
slope of the Selkirks to Glacier.
Leading from the station a good  trail follows the turbulent
course of the lllecillewaet River to the Great lllecillewaet Glacier
and valley; other trails branch off in all directions, inviting and
leading the mountain climber, explorer and lover of  Nature  to
_ scenes of  marvelous gran
deur and enchanting beauty.
Glacier Crest, Lake Marion
and Observation Point are
among the shorter and
easier ascents. Mount
Abbot is a day's climb, but
not a difficult one. From
its summit an exceptionally
fine view is obtained of the
H Asulkan Valley. Easy
trails also lead up to the
summits of Eagle Peak and
Mount Avalanche. The
jT^s ascent of Mount Sir
Donald is more difficult,
but with the assistance of
experienced guides may
readily be accomplished.
An excellent trail leads
to the Asulkan Glacier,
through scenes of Alpine
splendor, and the recently
discovered Caves of Nakimu are only distant about
seven miles from Glacier
House by a good bridle
path. These wonderful
caverns have been formed
by the action of water for
ages upon the solid rock,
and form a series of chambers with large entrances,
polished rock ceilings, and
walls which sparkle with
quartz crystals and reflect
myriads of miniature lights.
Over Selkirk Summit, through Rogers'
Pass, the train passes
through a marvelous
district of wooded
mountains, deep ravines and tempestuous
streams. Twin Falls, Yoho Valley
A stop-over for the night at the Mount Stephen
House at Field, another of the Canadian Pacific's
mountain hotels, gives one the opportunity of seeing,
early next morning, not only the wonders of Nature in
the mountains, but the wonders of man in building a
railroad through them.
A variety of pleasant excursions may be made to the wonder
spots so plentiful in this region. Emerald Lake, a delightful resort
seven miles distant, is reached by a good carriage road down the
bank of the Kicking Horse River and thence around the base of
Mount Burgess. On the wooded shore of this beautiful lake the
Company has built a picturesque Swiss Chalet.
It is an extremely beautiful fourteen-mile drive to the celebrated Takakkaw Falls, of the Yoho Valley, a remarkable cataract
making a descent of 1,200 feet. A trail continues up the valley,
past Laughing Falls and the great Wapta Glacier, to the curious
Twin Falls, whose divided waters unite in one stream before
reaching the depths below. Other pleasant excursions may be
made to points of interest within a short distance of Field—such
as the Fossil Beds, Aerial Silver Mines, Natural Bridge, Monarch
Mine Cabins and the Grade Reduction Loops.
Between Field and Hector, near the summit of the
Rockies, one of the greatest engineering feats of the
century has been accomplished. To reduce the steep
grade of the western slope of the Rockies, the line has
been lengthened, and two immense spiral tunnels have
been driven through the solid rock, each tunnel with
approaches making a complete loop of track. These
grade-reduction loops add greatly to the views to be
obtained from passing trains.
Summit of Cathedral Peak
It is three miles by narrow-gauge motor line from
j the Canadian Pacific Railway station to Lake Louise.
The Chicago Evening Post says :
"Such  glory of light and  color,  such  a sparkling
j mirror water, such magnificence of evergreen mountains
and rocky steeps, and snow and ice and clouds, may
exist in other variations, but nowhere in the world can
jthey be surpassed.    Lake Louise is the gem for which
Ithe Canadian Rockies are the setting."
Picturesquely situated on the verge of the lake is
the Chateau Lake Louise, a Canadian Pacific hotel,
where comfortable accommodation and excellent service
are afforded.
From Lake Louise (altitude 5,645 feet) good trails lead to the
principal features of interest in the vicinity. It is an easy ascent
to Mirror Lake (altitude 6,550 feet) and Lake Agnes (altitude
6,820 feet) which literally nestle amid the clouds, encircled by
majestic peaks. It is a three-mile trip to Saddleback Mountain,
i which commands an inspiring view of the famous Paradise Valley.
At a distance of about ten miles is Moraine Lake, situated at the
| head of the valley of the Ten Peaks, and reached over a good
carriage road recently constructed. Good camping facilities are
j afforded on the shore of the lake in the midst of scenic surroundings
of surpassing beauty and grandeur. The Victoria Glacier, a great
j palisade of hanging snow, Abbot Pass, a deep canon between
Mounts Victoria and Lefroy, O'Hara Lake, set amid surroundings
of wild Alpine grandeur, Cataract Creek, Paradise Valley and the
Ptarmigan Lakes, are among the notable spots well worthy of a visit. my::
Ww mm
Panorama of Burgess Pass, near Field
For many years Banff, the gateway to the Canadian
National Park, has attracted tourists and lovers of
Nature from all corners of the earth. Situated in the
heart of the Canadian Rockies, in the midst of primeval
surroundings, with a wilderness of untrodden crags and
peaks radiating in every direction and abounding in
game of large and small variety, it bids the sportsman,
the naturalist and the mountain-climber welcome.
The traveller seeking a holiday can find all his wants
supplied by the magnificent and strictly up-to-date
Canadian Pacific Banff Springs Hotel, where every desire
is gratified. Sulphur springs and bathing pools form
another of the many attractions at this resort.
There are many interesting spots in the vicinity, all easily
accessible by good carriage roads
and bridle paths. A short distance from Banff Springs Hotel
are the Bow Falls, a cataract of
wonderful beauty; Tunnel Mountain, from which a splendid view
of the valley is obtained, and
the Cave and Basin, a remarkable formation from which gush
natural sulphur springs. Within
a radius of three miles are the
Hoodoos, natural concrete pillars
of various shapes and sizes, Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw
Mountain, the beautiful Vermilion Lakes, the animal paddocks
and Sun Dance Canyon, a deep
and curious cleft in the mountain.
At a distance of nine miles is Lake
Minnewanka, a pretty sheet of
water, extremely deep, and
walled in by tremendous cliffs.
The lake is sixteen miles long,
with a width of from one to two
miles. Two steam launches make
the round trip daily.
Soon after leaving Banff the country changes in
character, and instead of viewing a sea of mountain
peaks and snow-capped ranges, prosperous ranches and
farms are spread out on either side of the tracks.
Calgary enjoys the distinction of being the largest city
in the immense province of Alberta.
Calgary is the headquarters of the great irrigation
system of the Canadian Pacific Railway. This is the
largest undertaking of its kind in America and is well
worth a visit. From Calgary a branch line runs to
Edmonton, the enterprising capital of Alberta.
At Calgary the Canadian Pacific Railway is completing another immense hotel, The Hotel Palliser,
which is to be opened early in 1914. It will undoubtedly be the most imposing structure in Calgary. Externally the building is French
Lake Louise
Renaissance. It comprises
ten floors, with a roof
garden, and sun parlor on
the roof, from which a
magnificent view of the
snow-capped Rockies can
be had. There are no''inside
rooms" in the Palliser, it
being so built that every
room gets sufficient light.
A magnificent ball room
and palm room are other
attractive features.
Medicine Hat, called by
Kipling "the town that was
born lucky,"is lighted with
natural gas, which is sold
for manufacturing purposes
at five cents per 1,000 cu. ft.
Those who leave the main line of the Canadian Pacific
at Revelstoke, find a delightful and fascinating alternative
route to Medicine Hat via Arrowhead, at the head of
the beautiful Arrowhead Lakes, by steamer to West
Robson, thence by rail to Nelson, where steamer is
again taken on the charming Kootenay River to Balfour,
one hour's run, where the Canadian Pacific Railway
has recently erected a very comfortable hotel.
Situated on the west arm of Kootenay Lake, midway
between Nelson and Kootenay Landing, and directly
opposite Proctor, Balfour is a delightful spot in the center
of the Kootenay Country
of lower British Columbia.
It nestles amid snow-capped mountains in a country
full of lakes and streams.
The Canadian Pacific Railway has an excellent hotel,
where the tourist or sportsman can enjoy out-of-door
life in his or her own particular way. There are five
excellent tennis courts, and
the annual tournaments
draw visitors from all
British Columbia. Fast
boats, excellently furnished, ply Kootenay Lake
and give easy connections
with Nelson and Kootenay
Kootenay Lake Hotel, Balfour, B. C.
From Balfour one takes the Canadian Pacific Railway
steamer to Kootenay Landing. From Kootenay Landing to Medicine Hat the route leads through the rich
mining regions of the Kootenay and the vast agricultural
districts of southern Alberta, via the Crowsnest
Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At Medicine
Hat the main line of the Canadian Pacific is again
From Spokane and Kingsgate one may join the
Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific, through a
romantic mining region to Medicine Hat, on the main
line. From Medicine Hat, easterly, the line of travel
includes Swift Current and Moose Jaw, also on the
main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At Moose
Jaw the traveller has another choice, and may go to
Chicago via St. Paul and
Minneapolis, or via St. Paul
and Sault Ste. Marie to
Montreal, travelling over
the Soo Line, or may continue over the main line of
the Canadian Pacific to
Montreal. If desired,
tickets will be routed via
Winnipeg without additional expense. Certain
tickets allow stop-over
privileges at all the large
cities in Canada, and the
option of at least two
different routes, but routes
must be selected prior to
purchasing ticket. No matter what route is taken,
the traveller has first-class
12 accommodation—diners, observation and buffet cars.
From Spokane another route is through the beautiful
Kootenay and Arrow Lakes, via Kingsgate, Nelson,
West Robson and Arrowhead, to Revelstoke, on the
main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, with no
additional cost.
Continuing our journey across the prairies from
Medicine Hat, the most important towns passed on the
way to Winnipeg are: Moose Jaw, Swift Current, Regina,
Indian Head, Brandon and Portage la Prairie. Regina
is the headquarters of the Royal Northwest Mounted
Situated at the confluence of the Red and the Assiniboine rivers, both navigable by steamers, Winnipeg
handles more wheat than any other port on the North
American continent. It is the capital of the Province
of Manitoba. Formerly it was the Hudson's Bay Company's chief trading post, Fort Garry. A network of
rail lines connect Winnipeg with all parts of the continent
in much the same way as Chicago is linked to all parts
of North America. Here the Canadian Pacific Railway
has the largest individual railway yards in the world,
having more than 130 miles of trackage. The Canadian
Pacific Railway has a magnificent hotel at Winnipeg,
the Royal Alexandra.
From Winnipeg a branch line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway runs south, connecting at Emerson with the
train service of the Soo Line to Minneapolis, St.Paul
and Chicago.
Leaving Winnipeg, and Manitoba at Ingolf, the Lake
of the Woods district in Ontario is entered, where flour
mills, pulp mills and sawmills are in operation day and
night. The prairies are left behind and the traveller
passes through a picturesque region of forests, lakes,
rivers, rocks and ravines to Ft. William and Port
Arthur, at the head of the Great Lakes. Ft. William
is situated at the mouth of the Kaministikwia River, a
broad, deep stream, with firm banks, affording extraordinary advantages for lake traffic. The fine steel lake
steamships of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company
ply between here and Port McNicoll, thus giving
the tourist practically a water route to Toronto.
Conveniences to be found only on trans-oceanic steamers
are to be had on these magnificent passenger steamships.
By boarding a Canadian Pacific Railway steamer
at Fort William, the traveller may travel down the
Kaministikwia River, passing Port Arthur on Thunder
Bay, thence across the bay and rounding Thunder Cape,
directly across Lake Superior to Sault Ste. Marie, a
large manufacturing city. From here the route followed
is down St. Marys River, through the new channel of
Hay Lake and across Lake Huron and Georgian Bay
to Port McNicoll, where a transfer from boat to train
is made, and the traveller reaches Toronto.
Continuing by the main line, at Nipigon, situated at
the mouth of the Nipigon River, fishermen from many,
many miles gather yearly to capture the speckled trout
for which this neighborhood is renowned.
Sudbury is the junction point, where the main line
of the Canadian Pacific to Toronto leaves the main
line to Montreal. This gives the third optional route
from Winnipeg to Montreal, viz.: one lake and one rail,
Parliament Buildings, Ottawa
Place Viger Hotel, Montreal
14 Chateau Frontenac and Dufferin Terrace, Quebec
via Toronto, and one direct via the Sudbury-Montreal
main line. Within a few miles of Sudbury (population
4,500) and reached by two short lines of railway, are
the most extensive copper and nickel deposits known
in the world.	
At Sudbury the important subdivision—which
crosses the St. Marys River on an immense steel bridge
at Sault Ste. Marie, and which follows the north shore
of Lake Huron—joins the main line. Through trains,
having every modern improvement, are operated via
this route from Minneapolis and St. Paul to Montreal.
Connection is also made at Sault Ste. Marie with trains
from Duluth.
Those who have visited the vacation resorts of
Georgian Bay do not hesitate to say that the scenery
is not surpassed anywhere. The districts of Muskoka
and Parry Sound, all of which form a great natural park,
cover an area over 6,000 miles in extent, of lakes, rivers
and forest. Bala is a convenient station for the
Muskoka District.
There are boarding-houses and commodious hotels
located at convenient spots for tourists.
With nearly 400,000 inhabitants, Toronto holds
second place among the cities of Canada and is growing rapidly in population, wealth and industry. It is
noted for its beautiful residential districts, its high
buildings, its well-lighted and paved streets, spacious
parks,   excellent boulevards and  splendid  educational
system. The Canadian Pacific Railway's new office
building, here, is one of the landmarks of the city.
From Toronto there are many short and very
interesting trips to pleasure resorts and places of
picturesque and historical interest. It is but a short
ride, via the Canadian Pacific, to the Kawartha Lakes,
where the hot days of summer are whiled away in
boating, fishing, camping and kindred sports.
Unmatched Niagara is but eighty miles by rail, and
thirty miles by water, away from Toronto. The
Canadian Pacific gives a free trip to the Falls and
return to all passengers over the Canadian Pacific
Railway from Winnipeg or points west to points in the
United States south or east of Sherbrooke, Que.,
Newport or Swanton, Vt., or Rouses Point, N.Y. Also
to passengers en route to Europe holding transportation
via the Canadian ports. 	
Probably no beauty spot is farther famed. Ask the
man of the street, the untravelled man, where he would
go had he the time and means, and he would be most
likely to reply that the mountains of the West and
Niagara Falls of the East attracted his fancy most.
The transcontinental trip, via the Canadian Pacific
Railway, not only combines these two features, but gives
stop-over privileges and optional routes, so that the
traveller can make his entire journey one of unalloyed
The capital of the Dominion is picturesquely situated
at the junction of the Rideau and Ottawa rivers. The
residence of the Governor-General, H. R. H. Duke of
Connaught — Rideau  Hall — is within the city limits.
16 Niagara Falls
Fast trains connect Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal,
the largest city of Canada. Montreal has a population of
over half a million and is the headquarters for the
Canadian Pacific Railway. From Mount Royal, after
which the city was named, Montreal appears spread
out like an immense relief map. One may spend hours
on the summit of this mountain gazing on the magnificent panorama. The Canadian Pacific Place Viger
Hotel is one of the city's best.
From Montreal it is but a few hours' ride over the
Canadian Pacific Railway to Quebec, which, with its
old-time walled city; its Chateau Frontenac, the excellent
Canadian Pacific hotel; its French-speaking population;
crooked streets; curious vehicles, and its enchanting
atmosphere, is easily the most romantic place in
Canada. The Chateau Frontenac, built on the site of the
old Chateau St.Louis, is a modern hotel built on the
pattern of an old chateau, with all of the charm and
none of the inconveniences.
Scenery through delightful hills, well-kept farming
districts and country filled with bits of lakes, brooks and
streams is to be seen on both sides of the track in
travelling from Montreal to St.John and Halifax^ or
any of the other pretty cities or towns of the maritime
provinces. St.John and Halifax are both busy, progressive seaports. In Nova Scotia, along the Dominion
Atlantic Railway, "Evangeline Land" and Acadia
attract thousands every year, for time has been lenient
in its treatment of these places, which have been
themes for historians and poets for two hundred years.
Three routes from Montreal to New York present
themselves: The tourist may continue by way of Lakes
Champlain and George and by the Hudson River, or via
the all-rail routes through the Adirondacks, through the
State of Vermont, or along the shore of Lake Champlain.
Those en route to Portland, Me., or Boston, Mass.,
may travel through the interesting White and Green
Mountains to their destination on the Atlantic Coast
reached by the Canadian Pacific and its connections
from Montreal.
18 mmRmmmsm 


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