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Resorts in the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1930

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Array RESORTS//; the
In the heart of Banff National Park, backed by three splendid mountain
ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and drives on good roads, golf,
bathing, hot sulphur springs, tennis, fishing, boating and riding.
Open May 14th to October 1st. Special rates for two weeks or
over.    European plan.
Facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Banff National Park. Alpine
climbing with Swiss guides, pony trips, swimming, drives or motoring,
boating, fishing.    Open June 1st to October 1st.    European plan.
Situated at the foot of Mount Burgess, amidst the picturesque Alpine
scenery of the Yoho National Park. Roads and trails to the Burgess
Pass, Yoho Valley, etc. Boating and fishing. Open June 15th to Sep'
tember 15th, American plan.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and stopover
point for those who wish to see the Canyons by daylight. Good boating
and excellent trout fishing in Shuswap Lake. Open all year. American
^^^^^^^^■^■l^^^n^n plan.
Castle Mountain
Altitude 5,600 feet
Radium Hot Springs By motor (91 miles) from Banff or Lake Louise.  Hiking, motoring,
Altitude 3,456 feet fishing, climbing, swimming in hot radium pools.  Open June 1st to
September 15th.
Banff Springs Hotel
Banff, Alberta
Altitude 4,625 feet
Chateau Lake Louise
Lake Louise, Alberta
Altitude 5,670 feet
Emerald Lake Chalet
Near Field, B.C.
Altitude 4,272 feet
Hotel Sicamous
Sicamous, B.C.
Altitude 1,146 feet
By motor from either Banff or Lake Louise. Hiking, fishing, motoring,
mountain climbing. Open June 15th to September 15th.
Mount Assiniboine
Altitude 7,200 feet
Moraine Lake
Altitude 6,1 go feet
Lake CVHara
Altitude 6,664 feet
Altitude 5,190 feet
Yoho Valley
Altitude 5,000 feet
Hotel Vancouver
Vancouver, B.C.
Empress Hotel
Victoria, B.C.
Hotel Palliser
Calgary, Alberta
Hotel Saskatchewan
Regina, Sask.
The Royal Alexandra
Winnipeg, Man.
By trail from Banff. Overnight stop in half'way cabin. Camp is at the
foot of Mount Assiniboine (11,860 ft.). Open July 1st to August 31st.
By motor from Lake Louise. Head of Valley of the Ten Peaks. Trout
fishing, pony trails, climbs, etc. Open June 1st to September 30th.
By trail from Hector, B.C. Riding, walking, mountain climbing, trips
to Lake Mc Arthur and Lake Oesa, also to Abbot Pass. Open June 15th
to September 15th.
Near Hector Station. Centre for explorations. Excursions to Lake
O'Hara, Yoho Valley, Sherbrooke Lake, Kicking Horse Canyon, drives.
Open June 15th to September 15th.
By motor from Field or Lake Louise, in one of the loveliest valleys in the
Rockies. Takakkaw Falls, Summit Lake, Yoho Glacier, hikes, climbs,
pony trips. Open June 15th to September 15th.
Canadian Pacific Hotels on the Pacific Coast
Largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of Georgia, and serving
equally the business man and the tourist. Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting, bathing,
steamer excursions.  Open all year. European plan.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast, which by its equable climate
has become a favorite summer and winter resort. Motoring, yachting, sea and stream
fishing, shooting and all-year golf. Crystal Garden for swimming and music. Open all
year.    European plan.
Canadian Pacific Hotels on the Prairies
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard in this prosperous city of Southern Alberta.
Suited equally to the business man or the tourist to or from the Canadian Rockies.
Open all year.    European plan.
In the capital of this rich and prosperous province. Golf and motoring. Open all year.
European plan.
A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, appealing to those who wish to
break their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's social life. Open all
year.    European plan.
Canadian Pacific Hotels in Eastern Canada
Toronto, Ont. The Royal York—The largest hotel in the British Empire,    Open all year.
Montreal, Que. Place Viger Hotel—A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.    Open all year.
Quebec, Que. Chateau Frontenac—A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of North America.
Open all year.
McAdam, N.B. McAdam   Hotel—A  commercial  and   sportsman's  hotel.    Open  all  year.
St. Andrews, N.B. The Algonquin—The social centre of Canada's most fashionable seashore summer resort.
Open June 21 st to September 5 th.
Other Hotels and Bungalow Camps Reached by Canadian Pacific
Agassiz, B.C Harrison Hot Springs Hotel
Penticton, B.C Hotel Incola
Cameron Lake, B.C Cameron Lake Chalet
Kenora, Ont Devil's Gap Camp
Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
French River, Ont French River Camp
Digby, N.S The Pines
Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn
This cover printed in Canada 1930 Resorts mt^Qnadian Rockies
xjanff is the vestibule of glory. Lake Louise is the birthplace of the spectrum, the paradise which the rainbow
calls home — mirror of grandeur set in a frame of silver
and green.—Frederick l. Collins.
J^ake O'Hara
Bungalow Qamp
hese two resorts are on the well-trodden path through the playground of
the continent and it is the purpose of this book to describe them more
and to set forth a few of those other beauty spots which are bound by
trail and road and which the Canadian Pacific has dared to develop to
the visitors' enjoyment.
Printed in U.S.A.. 1930. Resortsinthe Canadian Rockies
In the various mountain ranges that make
up the Canadian Rockies — the Rockies
proper, the Selkirks,
and the Monashee,
Coast, Cascade, and
Purcell Ranges—there
are, according to Government measurements
including only those
and not the innumerable mountains that
have not yet been
named or measured, or
that are very difficult
of access from railways,
630 peaks above 6,000
feet above sea-level;
308 between 7,000 feet
and 10,000 feet; 161
between 10.000 feet
and 12,000 feet; and 4
over 12,000 feet.
This wonderful
mountain region offers
a remarkable welcome
to those who leave the
railway and tarry
awhile. Snow-clad
peaks, gleaming white
glaciers,  rugged  precipices, waterfalls, foaming torrents, canyons, beautiful lakes set
in the heart of pine-forests—these have been flung together by
the Great Creator in unparalleled profusion.
All these you see around and within easy reach of the principal vacation resorts of the Canadian Rockies—resorts which
have now become known to the ends of the world, Banff, Lake
Louise, Emerald Lake, and the Yoho Valley—these are some of
the centres of summer life, where you can golf, climb mountains,
take wonderful motor trips, ride into the fastnesses on surefooted mountain ponies, fish, swim, boat, hike or explore:
where you meet Indians, and cow-punchers, and scarlet-coated
Royal Canadian Mounted Policemen, or mountain sheep wandering unmolested by the road. And at these and other places
there are magnificent hotels or charming bungalow camps,
where days and nights pass in surroundings of beauty, comfort
and gaiety.
These resorts of the Canadian Rockies are now so closely
linked by motor roads as well as by railway that when you go
to visit one you can easily visit them all.
Rational 'Parks
Six of Canada's magnificent system of National Parks situated in the Canadian Rockies are traversed by or lie adjacent
to the Canadian Pacific Railway; while others can be conveniently reached from it.
Banff Park (3,834.5 square miles), with Banff and Lake
Louise as principal centres.
Yoho Park (476 square miles), containing Emerald Lake,
the Yoho Valley, Lake O'Hara, and Wapta Lake.
Kootenay Park (587 square miles), with Banff-Windermere
Road running through it.
Glacier Park (468 square miles).    In the Selkirk Range.
Mount Revel stoke Park (100 square miles).
Waterton Lakes Park (220 square miles). In Southern
Mount Assiniboine Park (20 square miles) is a British
Columbia Provincial Park.
Qanadian Pacific Hotels
Tourist accommodation is secured at
hotels or at Bungalow
Camps, and the four
Canadian Pacific hotels
in the mountains are
now, without exaggeration, world famous.
They are of different
size, but each is characterized by the same
beautiful location, the
same luxury, comfort
and charm of interior
appointment, and excellence of personal service. Each occupies
the best scenic viewpoint, and is the centre
of all outdoor excursions and facilities necessary thereto.
Bungalow Camps not
only supplement the
hotels, but also provide
accommodation of a
somewhat different
kind. They are, on
the whole, much less
formal, and are of log
or other wooden construction, with a large
central building that
serves as a dining room and social centre, and separate sleeping
bungalows. Besides the Bungalow Camps, there are many
Tea-Houses, Lodges and Rest-Houses at outlying points.
In Yoho Park—Yoho Valley, Wapta and Lake O'Hara
Bungalow Camps, and six Tea-Houses, Lodges and Rest-
Houses are linked up.
Near Lake Louise—Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp and
four Tea-Houses and Rest Houses.
Banff-Windermere Road—Castle Mountain and Radium
Hot Springs Bungalow Camps.
Ask our Agencies for a separate booklet, "Bungalow Camps
in the Canadian Rockies."
The (^algary Stampede
Alberta, always a country of considerable stock-raising
interests, is still one of the principal ranching sections of the
West; and in the "Stampede" held at Calgary, the glories of the
Old West are revived annually in a week's carnival of frontier
sports and contests. The Calgary Stampede has now become
a famous frontier-day celebration, and contestants come from
all parts of the continent. Cowboys, Indians, Mounted Policemen, old-timers are all to be seen in this western epic. It will
be held in 1930 from July 7th to 12th and visitors to the Canadian Rockies should stop off at Calgary and participate.
T>ude Tranches
Banff Springs Hotel
Chateau Lake Louise
Emerald Lake Chalet
Hotel Sicamous
At four places in the Canadian Rockies, the visitor can enjoy
both ranch life and excursions into the neighbouring mountains.
They are:—
Kananaskis Ranch—in Banff Park, near the Indian Reservation at Morley. Address C. B. Brewster, Kananaskis, Alta.
Mount Assiniboine Camp—at the base of the "Matterhorn
of the Rockies." Address Mrs. W. A. Brewster, Kananaskis,
The T S Ranch—in the foothills west of High River, joining
the E P Ranch belonging to the Prince of Wales. Conducted by
Guy Weadick, Manager of the Calgary Stampede. Address,
Longview P.O., Alta.
Buffalo Head Ranch—near the E P Ranch, and with miles
of frontage on the beautiful Highwood River. Riding, fishing,
hunting. Address George W. Pocaterra, High River R.R. 2,
Alta. 8 an fir and Qss/'n i'bo/ne Qan-TT Springs Hotel
From either the station, the bridge or
Banff Springs Hotel,
a magnificent panorama is presented. From
the station first: to the
north is the grey bulk
of Cascade Mountain,
towering above the
town like a grim old
idol. To the east are
Mount Inglismaldie
and the heights of the
Fairholme sub-range.
Still farther to the east,
the sharp cone of Mt.
Peechee closes the view
in that direction. To
the left of Cascade
rises the wooded ridge
of Stoney Squaw. To
the west and up the
valley are the distant
snowy peaks of the
main range above
Simpson's Pass. To
the left is Sulphur
Mountain, to the southeast the isolated, wooded bluff of Tunnel
Mountain and the long
serrated spine of Mt.
From the Bow
Bridge the view is most magnificent, for the river runs through
the centre of the picture, and one who has caught his first
glimpse of this picture close to sunset will never forget its
breath-taking beauty. A little beyond the bridge the river
frolics over a series of rapids in a narrow gorge and then,
leaping in clouds of spray, falls almost opposite the Banff
Springs Hotel. From the high elevation of the hotel a somewhat different view is obtained, looking across the junction of
the Bow with the smaller and darker Spray River, to the distant
snow-clad barrier of the Fairholme Range.
'Banff Springs Hotel
Banff is one of the most popular mountain resorts on the continent—due not only to its environment, but also to the beautifully situated and splendidly appointed Banff Springs Hotel—a
Canadian Pacific hotel. The entire first floor is given over to
public rooms, artistically decorated and furnished, in which the
architect has provided a Scotch baronial atmosphere. Among
the features are the period suites—the Vice-Regal, Georgian,
Jacobean, Tudor, Swiss and Italian; the period influence also
dominates the lounges, including the magnificent Mount Stephen
Hall.    (Hotel open May 15th to October 1st.)
At the hotel there is entertainment all the time. One could
be perfectly happy just looking out towards the enclosing
mountains, watching the swimmers in the warm sulphur water
pool, swimming oneself, playing tennis, or studying the cosmopolitan types which one meets at this great caravanserai. There
is an excellent Turkish bath at the hotel, very popular with those
who come in after a game of golf or an hour in the saddle. The
spacious luxurious lounges invite one to succumb to a contented
laziness. There is nearly always an orchestra playing somewhere, and in the evening, when Banff, the mountains and the
winding Bow are bathed in moonlight, the strains of dance
music float out from the ballroom.
Should you care, however, to learn something of the formation
of the mountains or of the wild life in which they abound or of
the flowers which grow in such profusion, there are lecturers
who give informal talks on certain evenings. Such
talks are usually illustrated with selections of slides and
open up new realms of interest which the visitor might
pass unnoticed. Questions and discussion are invited and
the fact that it   is often  difficult   to   obtain  a  seat in the
Mount Stephen Hall is
the best proof of the
interest which such
discussions and talks
The Hot Springs
Had Banff not become famous for its
beauty, it must have
become famous for its
hot springs, which
are amongst the most
important of this
continent. The chief
springs have a total
flow of about a million gallons a day, and
issue from the ground
the year round at a
temperature ranging
from 78 to 112 degrees
Fahrenheit. Winter
makes no difference to
the temperature of the
water. The chief constituents are calcium
sulphate or gypsum,
calcium bicarbonate,
and magnesium sulphate, and their therapeutic value is very
high. The springs,
which are also radioactive, have been developed by the erection at two of them of bath houses and
swimming pools.
Kxcellent swimming in warm sulphur water is afforded
at Banff Springs Hotel, which has its own large and beautiful open-air pool. Here, where the temperatures of the
summer air and the water are delightfully blended and spring
diving-boards offer opportunity for sport to expert swimmers,
the sloping depth of the bath gives confidence to beginners
at the shallow end; while the cold fresh water pool adjacent to
the warm bath provides an invigorating plunge.
There is also excellent swimming at the Cave and Basin,
where a fine $150,000 swimming pool and series of private baths
have been built by the Government. At the Upper Hot
Sulphur Springs, on the slopes of Sulphur Mountain 800 feet
higher than the hotel, at an altitude of 5,132 feet, is another
swimming pool, which may be reached by trail from the hotel,
or by road from Bow River Bridge.
Qolf and Tennis
An Eighteen-hole golf course, superbly located on the banks of
the Bow River, and guarded by huge bastions of rock, turreted
and pinnacled like the fortified castle of old, is open to all visitors
to Banff on payment of green fees. The course has been entirely
reconstructed by the Canadian Pacific, under the supervision
of Stanley Thompson, and now offers one of the finest, most perfectly balanced and most scenically beautiful courses in the
world. Starting from within 300 feet of the Banff Springs Hotel
it has a length of 6,640 yards and a par of 71. One feature, to
suit all types of golfers, is the use of three tees for each hole,
providing three courses—long, medium and short. The fairways are doubly wide, with two routes to each hole. The
nineteenth hole is a superb new $100,000 club house
admirably situated on the banks of the river. The caddies
who minister to the game which grew up under the aegis of
St. Andrew are Stoney Indians!
For tennis players there are several admirable courts, and
because the exquisite summer climate of Banff is very conducive
to both golf and tennis, a large number of people may always
be seen enjoying the games. from a watercolor by
A. c. leighton, a.r.b.a.
Mount ^Assiniboine
rises in impressive grandeur to a height of 11,860
feet in the centre of one of the most magnificent
mountain regions in the world. At its foot is a
log cabin camp, two days' ride from Banff. Resorts in the Canadian Rockies BanfTand/Zake /~ouise
i Resorts in the Canadian Rockies
from a painting by
J^akes in the Cl°u^s
Into Mirror Lake a noisy cataract drops down a
boulder-strewn cliff from Lake Agnes, 1,200 feet
above Lake Louise. From the Chateau a trail
winds over a rocky pass above the pines. What to do at BanfT
Walking and
There are many delightful walks and rides
in the immediate vicinity. The roads are good
and the trails especially lovely. The Bow
Falls are only a few
minutes' walk from the
Banff Springs Hotel;
the trail which goes up
the hill near them affords a lovely view of
the falls and the rapids
farther up stream.
The fish hatchery nearby is well worth seeing.
The Tunnel Mountain motor road, on the
east side of the river,
gives beautiful views of
the town, Bow Valley
and the surrounding
peaks. A trail branches
off this road almost
opposite the hotel,
practically above the
falls; following the river
at times leading into
tiny meadows, it eventually comes out at the
far side of Tunnel Mountain. The motor trip up this mountain
should also be taken.
The Cave and Basin and Sundance Canyon are two objectives
for a walk or ride. This Canyon is a cleft in the rocks through
which a turbulent stream tumbles. In the rock crannies and
adjoining woods are many beautiful flowers—the dryas, saxifrage, stonecrop and columbine among them. There are also
short delightful trails through the woods between Spray Avenue
and the motor road leading to the Upper Hot Springs.
There are pony trails and short cuts up Tunnel Mountain
which one can take if walking. It makes an easy climb; its
elevation is only 5,540 feet. Stoney Squaw, north of Tunnel
Mountain and 620 feet higher, is really a walk. It is fascinatingly green in a world of grey peaks and snowfields; and those
who are attracted up its slopes are well repaid.
Sulphur Mountain is another delightful walk. The novice
will no doubt insert the word "climb," and argue the word
walk is incorrect. Sulphur is 8,040 feet, with the Observatory
at the summit. To shorten the climb, a motor can be taken to
the foot of the trail, thus lessening the distance. One of the
most pleasant ways of ascent is on the back of a pony. On the
long wooded slope of this mountain is the clubhouse of the
Alpine Club of Canada.
'Boating and jQaunch Trips
A few minutes from the bridge is the Bow River Boathouse.
From here motor launches set out several times a day on a
12-mile trip in which the surrounding mountains are seen from
a unique and advantageous point of view. Here, also, canoes
and row boats are obtainable. Echo River and Willow Creek,
overhung with arching trees, are especially attractive to those
who wish to row or paddle on tranquil mountain streams; by
following Willow Creek the lovely Vermilion Lakes are reached.
%ecreation Qrounds
This section of the park, by the Bow River, is not far from
the bridge and can be reached by a delightful road by the
river, or from the Cave and Basin motor road. There is a
building for recreation purposes, also spaces for baseball,
tennis, football and cricket. The club house of the Banff Gun Club
is not far distant, and here trap shooting competitions are held.
The Town of
The tourist will find
plenty of interest in the
little town of Banff itself, with its churches,
cinemas and shops, interspersed with groups
of cowboys in woolly
chaps and gay colored
kerchiefs, sloe-eyed Indians in buckskin coats
and moccasins.packers,
trappers, guides and.
other truly mountain
men. Near the fine
bridge over the Bow
River are the Administration Offices of the
Park, the Museum, Zoo
and Royal Canadian
Mounted Police Headquarters.
The animal corral is
\y<z miles from the
town, an immense
fenced-in area where a
herd of buffaloes,
mountain sheep, goat,
moose, antelope and
other kindred of the
wild   are   maintained.
J^ake   zJfrCinnewanka
A short motor run is to Lake Minnewanka, 8 miles north of
Banff, and about 14 miles long. From the hotel the route
lies through the town, east of Stoney Squaw and Cascade
Mountains, past the buffalo park and through Bankhead to the
lake at the head of Cascade Creek. A weird, elusive beauty
made the Indians rightly name it "Spiiit Water." A motor
launch runs to the end of the lake, and about half-way passes
the beautiful little Aylmer Canyon, over which towers Mount
Aylmer (10,365 feet high), while facing it on the opposite shore
rises the head of Mount Inglismaldie (9,715 feet). Row boats
are obtainable, and large trout may be fished for. Lake
Minnewanka Chalet, on the lake shore, is a popular place for
afternoon teas and meals.
Mount ^Assiniboine
Mount Assiniboine — aptly termed the "Matterhorn of
the Canadian Rockies"—rises in impressive grandeur to a
height of 11,860 feet in the centre of one of the most magnificent
mountain regions in the world. At the foot of this peak, and
near the shore of Lake Magog, is situated a comfortable and
well-equipped log cabin camp.
This camp is reached from Banff by a two days' horseback
ride over the spectacular new trail by way of Brewster Creek,
or by a longer trip via the Spray Lakes. Return journey can be
made by travelling the beautiful summit country in the vicinity
of Mount Assiniboine, through the heather and flowers of
Simpson Pass and then down Healey Creek. A halfway cabin
has been established as an overnight stop for the convenience
of those making the trip via Brewster Creek.
Mystic J^ake
North from Banff, there is a very fine trail ride to Mystic
Lake, along the side of Mount Norquay and down to Forty-
Mile Creek. It cannot be made in one day, but near Mystic
Lake there is a specially-constructed log house with sleeping quarters and cookstove, where the night can be spent. An
extension can be made to Sawback Lake. Organized rides to
Stoney, Sawback and Mystic Lakes will leave Banff by special
arrangement. Resorts in the Canadian Rockies
The Highland
At Banff this year,
from August 29th to
1st September, will be
held the "Highland
This is a great Scotch
festival of music and
sports, to which singers from all parts of
America corns, and
bagpipers from Highland regiments to play
in competitions, and
in which the sturdy
old Scotch sports, and
the fine Scotch costume dancing, are to
be seen at  their best.
A special little booklet will be issued about
the Highland Gathering, and will be procurable from Canadian
Pacific agencies.
Indian Week
ndian Week at
Banff is one of the most colorful spectacles on the North
American continent. Between three and four hundred Stoney
Indians come from the Morley reserve, 40 miles east of Banff,
for their tribal sports. In the summer of 1930, they will be
joined by other tribes in a pageant on a scale greater than ever
before (July 22, 23 and 24). Each morning they have a parade
in which the majority of the Indians take part; the tribe is all
mounted, while many splendid horses are used, resplendent in
gorgeous trappings and headpieces. The costumes of both men
and women are creations of white buckskin, beadwork and
ermine, their color schemes being exceedingly wonderful, and
they ride with dignity and poise.
Mountain Qlimbing
The Canadian Rockies present to the mountain climber one
of the most extensive and interesting fields of any easily accessible ranges of the world. Not without good cause has the whole
region been described as "fifty Switzerlands in one" and not
without good reason do noted climbers make their way thither
from all parts of the world. In the splendid variety of climbs
which the Rockies offer lies half their attraction for the climber.
The most accomplished alpinist will find a plethora of peaks
which will tax his skill to the utmost and provide a maximum of
thrills. But let not the novice be daunted. There are easy
climbs aplenty from which he may graduate—on some, indeed,
he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk along good trails almost to
the summit, while on others a short scramble will bring him to
his goal.
The Alpine Club of Canada, with considerably over 600
members and headquarters established in a singularly handsome
Club House at Banff, holds a Camp each year in the Canadian
Rockies, and welcomes all who have the ambition to climb or
are interested in any way in the mountains.
It should go without saying that no climbing, hiking or
riding trip in the mountains should be undertaken without
suitable clothing and equipment. Neither form of recreation
can be enjoyed in comfort without making proper provision.
Above everything else, good stout boots are the most important
item. Women will find their ordinary clothes absolutely useless and even dangerous; and for that matter men, too, need
to be suitably dressed. A small booklet, "Climbs at Banff and
in the Vicinity," by Arthur O. Wheeler, A.C., details a number
of good climbs from Banff and also lists a suitable outfit for
mountain climbing. This booklet is obtainable through
Canadian Pacific agents or from Canadian Pacific Hotels.
Motor Trips
^Around Banff
General drive.—To
the Buffalo Park, Tunnel Mountain, Bov
Falls, Spray Valley,
Zoo, Cave and Basin,
Golf Links, etc., twice
Lake Minnewanka—
once daily.
Banff-Calgary. —
Once daily.
Lake Louise.—Three
times daily.
24-Hour Motor De-
tour. — To Golden.
Once daily.
The Lariat Trail.—
3 days. Monday and
Outdoor Trips
at Banff
Trail Trips. — Banff
National Park has
700 miles of good trails,
a large part of which radiate from Banff. With guides and ponies,
the visitor may find his way to Mystic Lake, in the heart of
the Sawback Range, to Ghost River, the Spray Lakes, the
Kananaskis Lakes and dozens of other magic places.
Mount Assiniboine and Mystic Lake Trips.—See page 9.
Fishing.—See page 16.
Climbing.—Easy—Tunnel and Sulphur. Harder—Rundle,
Norquay, Cascade, Stoney-Squaw, Aylmer, Edith and
Winter Sports
Oanff is rapidly becoming an important centre for winter
sports, the Annual Winter Sports Carnival in early February
attracting large crowds. Ski-ing, tobogganing, skating, and
bob-sledding are amongst the popular attractions. There
are masquerades and dances, and entertainments staged
by the Indians. There are displays of fireworks around the
resplendent Ice Palace—so proclaimed by royal decree of the
Carnival Queen. And there is swimming! Spectators swathed
in furs or blanket coats stand on the edges of the warm sulphur
pools and watch bathing-suited figures enjoy their sport in
comfort. The pre-eminence of Banff as a summer resort has
long been recognized. Its fame as a winter sport centre is
rapidly growing.
To J^ake jQouise
From Banff to Lake Louise is a fine 42-mile motor trip. The
route is along the Bow River, crossing a spot that is the favorite
haunt of a large herd of mountain sheep, which in this national
park have sanctuary.
About 16 miles from Banff a stop is made at Johnston Canyon
—16 miles of inspiring mountain scenery, with the gaunt grey
turrets of Castle Mountain towering ahead. One can leave
the car here and walk up the Canyon—a distance of about
three-quarters of a mile. The Johnston Creek dashes between
high rock walls and falls in a series of miniature cascades which
are spanned by tiny rustic bridges. Gradually the canyon reveals its loveliness. Its climax is a clear blue pool, only partly
disturbed by the whirlpool caused by falls from a gorge above.
From Johnston Canyon the road continues to Lake Louise.
Castle Mountain, with its imposing battlements, is on the
north, and Mount Temple—one of the most stately piles in
the Rockies—on the south. A short detour at Castle enables
one to reach Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp, from which
a beautiful view of the Bow Valley is to be obtained.
10 Cove I v Cake Couise
jQake cQouise
radium hot springs bungalow camp—banff-windermere highway
Lake Louise — probably the most perfect
gem of scenery in the
known world — bears
the liquid music, the
soft color notes of its
name, almost into the
realm of the visible.
Geographically a
"cirque lake"—a deep,
steep walled recess
caused by glacial erosion, nestling 600 feet
above the railway on
the far side of a mountain palisade, amidst
an amphitheatre of
peaks—it is a dramatic
palette upon which the
Great Artist has splashed his most gorgeous
hues, a wonderful spectrum of color. Deepest
and most exquisitely
colored is the lake itself, sweeping from
rosy dawn to sunset
through   green,    blue,
amethyst and violet, undershot by gold; dazzling white is the
sun glorified Victoria Glacier, at the farther end; sombre are
the enclosing pineclad peaks that dip perpendicularly into the
lake; and magnificent are the stark immensities of the snow-
covered peaks that enclose the picture except for the fleecy blue
sky overhead.
The Chateau
On the margin of this most perfect lake, in a wonderful Alpine
flpwer garden, where poppies, violets, columbines, anemones and
sheep laurel slope through terraced lawns to the water's edge—
the Canadian Pacific has placed its great Chateau Lake Louise,
a fireproof, modern and luxurious hotel with accommodation for
seven hundred guests.
Across the front of the hotel extends a vast lounge that commands an uninterrupted view of the Lake through beautiful
single pane windows of enormous size. The dining-room, in the
right wing, has the same wonderful windows and view. From
the ballroom in the left wing the lake may be seen through the
arches of the cloistered terrace. Thus the visitor may rest,
dine and dance without losing sight of the beauty that attracted
him hither.
The Chateau has many attractions. Two fine hard tennis
courts are attached to the hotel, and a boat-house supplies
bright brown, secure rowing boats and canoes to the many who
cannot resist the magnetism of the clear, blue water. Below the
dining-room and overlooking the lake is an attractively terraced concrete swimming pool filled with heated glacial water,
and with an instructor in attendance. There are also putting
greens and clock golf.    (Hotel open June 1st to October 1st.)
setting, contains a
bright living and dining
room. The small,
separate log sleeping
cabins are near at hand
providing sleeping accommodation. The
camp is an admirable
centre for trail-riders
and walkers who wish
to explore the valley's
surroundings and for
mountaineers who aspire to the peaks.
akes in the
Moraine J^ake
Another pearl of the Rockies is Moraine Lake, 9 miles
from Lake Louise at the end of one of the finest short motor
rides in the mountains. This lovely mountain lake, exquisitely
blue-green in color, lies in the Valley of the Ten Peaks—a
tremendous and majestic semi-circle that with jagged profile
encircles the eastern and southern end of the lake, Not one
of these peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height—the highest,
Mount Deltaform, is 11,225 feet. Standing off a little, as a
sort of outpost, is the Tower of Babel, an interesting rock formation of unusual shape. An extension trip should be made to
Consolation Lake, the waters of which contain a plentiful supply
of rainbow, DollyVarden and cut-throat trout. At the foot of the
lake, where the creek flows out into the Valley, is Moraine Lake
Bungalow Camp.    The main building, in its attractive forest
To   THE  RIGHT of  the
Chateau is one of the
easiest and loveliest
trails to follow. It
rises rapidly through
a steep pine forest
abounding in shrubs
andalpineflowers, while
varied and sweeping
views are to be seen
through the occasional
gaps in the forest. Passing above the snow-line the trail reaches the first of the Lakes in
the Clouds, resting an icy blue in the green forest bowl. This
is Mirror Lake; into it a noisy cataract drops down a
boulder-strewn cliff from Lake Agnes, the second of the
Lakes in the Clouds. The trail winds over a rocky path
above the pines to Lake Agnes, 1,200 feet above Lake
Louise. This lake seldom thaws until mid-July and is
as quiet, though not so brilliantly colored, as Mirror Lake,
some 200 feet below. It is guarded by its own little cirque of
white-headed peaks, around which the sunlight and the billowing clouds chase each other with fascinating swiftness.
A delightful log Tea-House stands on the cliff top where the
cataract falls down to Mirror Lake. Its wide hearth throws
out a welcome warmth, and its windows command two wonderful views. On the one side is Lake Agnes and the cirque almost
overhead; on the other side a vast panorama of the Bow Valley
fades into the distance.
The well-shod climber can continue to the top of the Little
Beehive, or to the Observatory on top of the Big Beehive, or
still farther afield to the top of Mount St. Piran, 3,000
feet  above  Lake  Louise.
'Plain of the Six Cjlaciers
Besides the mighty tongue of the Victoria Glacier, many
smaller glaciers descend into the cirque, and on the right side
of the cirque is the Plain of the Six Glaciers, where a spacious
Tea-House with broad verandahs has been placed at the head
as an excellent resting place.
The Plain can be reached by two trails. One continues
from the Lake Agnes Tea-House, following the right shore of
the lake into the little cirque as far round as the Big Beehive,
then descending between the Big Beehive and the Devil's
Thumb down a steep zigzagging trail into the Plain. Before
reaching the Plain the trail branches in three directions, all of
which eventually lead to the second trail into the Plain.
The second trail leads directly from the Chateau to the
Plain, some 4 miles away, along the broad path to the right of
the Lake and up the Victoria creek to the foot of the glacier,
At this point the trails finally unite and make a winding ascent
to the Tea-House, from which the views of the cirque, and
Victoria Glacier hanging between the cliffs of Mounts Lefroy
and Victoria, are unparalleled.
The Tea-House provides all meals, and limited sleeping
accommodation. There is a continuation of the trail down to
the route over Abbot Pass.
11 1 he ZS(ew Cjolf Qourse
at 'Banff
from a painting by
uurrounded on all sides by massive peaks, the Banff Golf Course, constructed
by the Canadian Pacific, is truly a kingly setting for the Royal and Ancient
game. Stanley Thompson has employed all the artifices of modern golf architecture with an ingenuity seldom surpassed. The route of the play, the location
of the tees and the selection of greens have been so arranged as to afford picturesque vistas of the Bow and the Spray Rivers, alternating with new and unique
views of the surrounding mountains. The Course measures 6,640 yards and the
caddies are Stoney Indians, What to do at Cake Couise
zAbbot Tass
From Victoria Glacier there is a fine
climb over Abbot Pass
between Mount Victoria and Mount Le-
froy, descending to
Lake O'Hara. (See
page 21.) It is well to
start in the morning,
taking the trail around
the west shores of the
Lake, ascending the
Victoria Valley and
following the edge of
Victoria Creek until
you reach the foot of
the glacier. You can
make a short diversion
to the Plain of Six
Glaciers Tea-House en
route. The glacier is
three miles long and a
half mile wide, and
there is much of interest, such as glacier
tables,    moulins    and   seracs.
An Alpine hut (with sleeping accommodation for twenty, but
not serving meals) is situated near the summit of the Pass, at
an altitude of over 9,500 feet, for the convenience of climbers,
and most people prefer to stop the night here and see a glorious
sunrise in the morning. This expedition may be undertaken by
the novice, who, however, must be accompanied by a Swiss guide.
jQake O'Hara
In the morning you descend the other side of the Pass to
Lake O'Hara, one of the loveliest of all Rocky Mountain Waters.
Here there is a Bungalow Camp where you may stay before
returning to Louise, and perhaps, if you have a few hours to
spare, take the trail that leads to Lake McArthur, whose blue
waters lie at an altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier here,
and huge blocks of ice may be seen floating on the surface of
the lake, even in the summer time.
To the left of the Chateau, another beautiful ride or walk
follows the broad trail up the farther side of Fairview Mountain
to the Saddleback. The view from the pass between Fair-
view and the Saddleback is a magnificent panorama of Paradise
Valley far below, with its little Lake Annette gleaming like
an emerald and its steep, brown-sided guardian mountains
crowned by the snowy summit of Mount Temple in the distance
rising 11,626 feet.
On the Saddleback is a convenient Rest-House, 1,800 feet
above Lake Louise. From this point climbers can reach the
summit of Fairview, 9,001 feet high, or can go in the opposite
direction to the top of the Saddleback, 7,783 feet high. The
rider can continue between the Saddleback and Mount Sheol
down a winding trail through the lovely Sheol Valley to find
himself at length in beautiful Paradise Valley.
Taradise Valley
Paradise Valley is about 6 miles long and lies between
Lake Louise and Moraine Lake. It is a garden of the mountains, carpeted with green and dotted with brightly hued
Alpine flowers of many varieties, including anemone and asters.
At the head of the Valley, Paradise Creek cascades down an
enormous rock stairway called the Giant's Steps, from which the
trail leads across the creek and returns by way of Lake Annette.
This tiny mountain lake is the emerald heart of the valley and
over it towers Mount Temple. The trail then recrosses the
creek to join the main trail back to the Chateau.
The route to Moraine Lake can also be followed by trail riders,
while climbers can test their skill by returning along the steep
and difficult trail leading from the head of the Lake over Sentinel
Pass, and down into Paradise Valley.
To Emerald
From Lake Louise
there are a number of
very attractive motor
excursions. Besides the
ones to Moraine Lake
and Banff, already
mentioned, there is a
fine road to Field and
Emerald Lake. This
leads west on a high
line to the Great Divide
and crossing the track
near Wapta Bungalow
Camp at Hector follows
the brawling Kicking
Horse River. It is a
spectacular ride and
links up with established roads in Yoho
National Park.
During the season,
regular daily sightseeing motor services
leave Lake Louise and return in the evening. On this
drive one crosses the Great Divide, stopping at Wapta
Camp, Yoho Valley Camp and Emerald Lake. From
Emerald Lake the new "Kicking Horse Trail" continues
to Golden.
Outdoor Trips at J^ake J^ouise
Trail trips—Lakes in the Clouds, Saddleback, Paradise
Valley, and Plain of Six Glaciers—regular daily trips, once or
twice a day.
An attractive 6-day Circle Trail Ride round the Bungalow
Camps is organized from Lake Louise at regular intervals
during the months of July and August. The points visited are
Wapta Camp, Lake O'Hara Camp, Lake McArthur, Ottertail
trail, Emerald Lake, Yoho Pass, Yoho Valley Camp, Burgess
Pass, Field, and back to Lake Louise.   For rates, see page 18.
The Skoki Valley—24 miles from Lake Louise—camping
ground at Skoki Lake in an Alpine meadow amid high glacial
surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty. Good fishing.    Take camping outfit.    Trip made by arrangement only.
Trips to Ptarmigan Valley, Hector Lake, Bow Lake, the
Molar Pass, the Pipestone Valley and Baker Creek—by
arrangement only.
Fishing—See page 16.
Climbing—Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain
climbing centres of the Rockies, and has many good climbs both
for the novice and the experienced alpinist. Some short and
easy climbs will be found in the Beehive, Mount St. Piran,
Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview. For the expert alpinist
there are plenty of climbs around Lake Louise that will provide
him with sufficient opportunity to use his skill. Some of these
are the ascent of Mounts Whyte, Popes, Collier, the north peak
of Victoria, Lefroy, The Mitre and Aberdeen.
Swiss Guides are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for
those who wish to visit the glaciers or climb mountains. As
they are greatly in demand, it is advisable to make arrangements well in advance. Rates $7.00 per day. Climbers
must be equipped with Swiss Alpine climbing boots.
The comprehensive programme of road-construction carried
on by the National Parks Department of the Canadian Government during the past few years has rendered easily accessible
some of the most magnificent scenery in the Canadian Rockies.
These roads are of hard, stable construction. Excellent
automobile services (both touring cars and organized sightseeing busses) greatly enhance the pleasure of the visitor.
14 Resortsinthe Canadian Rockies
Consolation Lake and a view of Chateau Lake Louise 3-ishing and Jin e Roads
24-Hour Motor
One of the finest
of these organized automobile excursions is the
famous "24-Hour Motor Detour." This is
from Banff to Golden,
and gives a rapid survey of the "highlights"
of the nearer mountain
region Leaving Banff
after lunch, a 42-mile
run is made to Lake
Louise, and the night
spent at the Chateau
Lake Louise. Next
morning the journey
continues to the Great
Divide, Wapta Lake,
the Kicking Horse Pass,
Yoho Valley, Emerald
Lake, the Kicking
Horse Canyon, and
Golden. Similar schedules are established in
the reverse direction.
This Detour is so
timed as to waste no
time, but to pick
through passengers up
soon after their arrival
at either Banff (going
westward) or Golden
(going eastward), and
to set them down at
the  other end  of  the
trip in time to take their train. Special arrangements are made
for handling baggage and sleeping-car reservations. The
length of the detour, including a sight-seeing ride round Banff,
is 142 miles.
A detailed circular about this very attractive excursion can be
procured from all Canadian Pacific agencies.
^anff-Windermere cI(oad
The famous Banff-Windermere Road, pioneer and still
perhaps the leader of the mountain roads, takes you into a
magnificent section. In length 104 miles, it runs from Banff
over the Vermilion Pass (altitude 5,264 feet) into Kootenay
National Park and then follows the Vermilion and Kootenay
Rivers until within a few miles of Sinclair Pass. Passing through
Sinclair Canyon, the road emerges after several miles into the
Columbia River Valley and soon reaches the beautiful Lake
To afford accommodation for those making this trip the
Canadian Pacific has erected two bungalow camps en route.
These halts for either meals or sleeping accommodation are
conveniently spaced as to distance: they are Castle Mountain
Bungalow Camp (26 miles from either Banff or Lake Louise),
and Radium Hot Springs Camp (91 miles). Each has a central
club house for dining and recreational purposes, and sleeping
accommodation in separate log bungalows.
The Columbia River Highway runs from Golden to Lake
Windermere, thus forming, in connection with the Banff-
Windermere Road and the Banff-Golden Road, a complete
circuit of three National Parks—Banff, Yoho and Kootenay.
A very fine excursion, called "the Lariat Trail," occupying
three days, is organized to leave Banff twice a week in the
summer months to embrace all these. Leaving Banff, it
proceeds to Castle Mountain, turns south along the Banff-
Windermere Road as far as Radium Hot Springs (where the
first night is spent), thence turns north to Golden and East
along the Kicking Horse Canyon to Emerald Lake (second
night). The third day it runs to Yoho Valley. Wapta Lake,
the Great Divide, Lake Louise and Banff.
wapta bungalow camf
Wild Life
All these expeditions hold a wonderful
charm, especially for
those interested in the
wild animal life and the
exquisite Alpine flowers
of the mountains. Over
500 species of flowers
grow in the Rocky
Mountains, and many
of these are to be found
in the valleys and on
the lower slopes and
Alpine meadows of the
Lake Louise region.
Of the wild creatures
the hoary marmot, who
is well-known by his
shrill whistle, the marten, the chipmunk, the
bighorn or mountain
sheep and blacktail or
mule deer, are seen in
large numbers. Black
bears are also not uncommon, and some are
becoming very tame.
It is a common saying that there are no
birds in the mountains,
but anyone with eyes
and ears can soon disprove this belief. The
Franklin grouse is one
species which nearly
every visitor is bound
to see. This bird seems
to have no sense at all and is generally referred to as the "fool-
hen." A type of Canadian jay, the whiskey-jack, is plentiful
enough, and sometimes these saucy birds will stand and inspect
one from every angle. Other birds likely to be seen are the
mountain bluebird, eagle, ptarmigan, the cheerful chickadee,
water ousel and humming bird.
Fishing in the Rockies
Five varieties of trout have their habitat in the waters
of the Banff Park—cut-throat, lake, Dolly Varden, bull and
brook trout. Good fishing can be obtained in the Bow River
upstream and downstream, Lake Minnewanka, Mystic Lake,
Sawback Lakes, Spray River, the Spray Lakes, and the
Kananaskis Lakes.
Among the Bungalow Camps, Castle Mountain and Wapta
offer good sport. Within easy reach of Castle Mountain Camp
are Vista Lake (1^ miles), Boom Lake (4 miles), Boom Creek,
Twin Lakes, Altrude River and the Altrude Lakes. Wapta,
too, is a splendid centre and it is but two and a half miles to
Sherbrooke Lake.
Around Lake Louise reasonably good fishing is afforded in
the Pipestone River, Consolation Lake, the Upper Bow Lakes
and other places. The open season for fishing in the national
parks is from July 1st to September 30th, inclusive. There is a
Dominion Government Fishing Inspector at Banff, from whom
full and reliable information can be obtained.
Between Lake Louise and the Pacific Coast there are numerous points well worth the attention of the angler. Sicamous is
a good centre, at the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes, and
comfortable headquarters can be established at the Canadian
Pacific hotel adjoining the station. Shuswap Lake has the
reputation of containing more varieties cf trout and other fish
(including steelhead trout and land-locked salmon) than any
water in British Columbia. Kamloops, at the junction of the
north and south branches of the Thompson River, is an excellent
centre for the fly fisherman and within easy reach are several
fine waters. The lower stretches of both the Thompson and
Fraser Rivers offer good fishing at many points.
16 from a painting by
fyke McArthur
whose blue waters lie at an altitude of 7,359 feet.
There is a glacier here and huge blocks of ice may
be seen on the surface of the lake, even in the
summer time. It is reached by trail from Lake
17 Resortsinthe Canadian Rockies
Official T(ide
Vv hile hunting is forbidden within the national
parks in the Canadian
Rockies, there is magnificent sport to be obtained
outside the Park limits,
and the Canadian Pacific
hotels and bungalow camps
are good starting points
for some of the best hunting grounds. The bear,
the mountain goat, the
Rocky Mountain sheep
(the''Bighorn"), the moose
and the caribou are the
chief animals hunted. The
principal hunting districts
are the Lilloet, Cariboo
and East Kootenay regions, while the British
Columbia coast and the
country inland from it
afford almost virgin territory. The Cassiar country, in northern B.C., is
one of the finest and most
celebrated sporting regions of this continent.
Full information as to
fishing and hunting possibilities in the different
localities of the mountains
and the British Columbia
coast, with lists of outfitters, guides, etc., is contained in a series of bulletins which will be gladly
furnished upon request by
the General Tourist Agent, lake o'hara
Canadian Pacific Railway,
Montreal, Quebec.
Trail Tiiding
Reference is made at various points in this publication
to saddle pony trips. A trail trip into the depths of the mountains forms, indeed, the most enjoyable way of visiting beautiful
spots that would not otherwise be easily accessible.
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, fool-proof, untiring,
can be ridden by practically anyone, whether he or she has ever
before been on a horse or not. From all hotels and bungalow
camps in the Canadian Rockies, there are good roads and trails
radiating in all directions, which are kept up by the National
Parks Department. Some trail trips are of one day's duration
only; others stretch over several days, necessitating carrying
camping outfit. It is customary on all long trips, and even on
some short ones, to engage guides who supply horses, tents,
food, etc., and do the necessary cooking. The new Circle Trail
Ride starting from Lake Louise, however, simplifies the
problem of packhorses, as every night but one is spent in a
bungalow camp.
Trail cRiders
1 hose who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the Canadian
Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail Riders of the
Canadian Rockies, which affords an unusual opportunity for
those interested in trail-riding to get together. The aims of
the Trail Riders' Association are, principally, to encourage
travel on horseback through the Canadian Rockies, to foster
the maintenance and improvement of old trails and the building
of new trails, and to encourage the love of out-door life.
Membership is of several grades, according to the distance
ridden—50, 100, 250, 500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles Each grade
has a distinctive button which members of the grade are entitled
to wear.    There are now 1,100 members.
Illustrated bulletins are published by the Association designed
to keep the members in touch with trail development, forthcoming rides and other activities of interest.
Kach year an Official
Ride and Pow-Wow is
held. The ride takes place
towards the end of July
and lasts four days. It is
then that the hundred per
cent, dyed in the wool or
thirty-three degree trail
rider comes into his own.
Gathering together his impedimenta he hits the trail
for Banff, for it is in the
vicinity of Banff that the
ride begins. It is an inspiring sight as the cavalcade prepares to move off.
Pack ponies are loaded
with tepees and duffle
bags, guides move stolidly
among the ponies adjusting saddles and stirrups,
the riders—anything from
a hundred up in number
and ranging from old
timers to the tenderest of
tenderfeet — go through
the process of getting
acquainted and the ride
Four days away   from
civilization! Four days in
the    mountains    with    a
tepee as a shelter at night!
Four days — not of roughing it, but of enjoying it!
In the evenings the camp
fire is built.  Around it the
riders squat and the rollicking or plaintive melodies from the Trail Riders'
Song Book are sung.   The
cocoa and "sinkers" are served, and so to bed on fragrant pine-
boughs—the stillness of the night broken only by the clang of
a pony's hobble or the voice of the nightrider.    It is an adventure which few will ever forget, this four days of the Official
A few days later a ten-day ride will be held, starting from
Banff, exploring northward and returning to Banff or Lake
Rates for the four-day ride, including horse, food and share
of tent, will be $50.00. Riders are required to furnish their
own sleeping bags or blankets.
Rates for the ten-day ride will be $100.00.
Reservations must be made at least fourteen days in advance
as follows: until July 1 to the secretary-treasurer, Mr. J. M.
Gibbon, Room 324, Windsor Station, Montreal, Que.; thereafter
to the western secretary, Mr. L. S. Crosby, at Banff. Full
information is obtainable at the hotels and bungalow camps in
the Rockies.
Qircle Tiides
In addition to this official ride, circle trail rides will be
operated during July and August around the Bungalow
Camps from Lake Louise on a trip lasting six days. Another
circle trail ride will be operated from Banff to Stoney Creek,
Sawback Lake and Mystic Lake. On this trip there is some
magnificent scenery and also, usually, good fishing.
These circle trips will leave on any day during these two
months, accompanied by guide, provided there is a minimum of
three persons. They are operated under the auspices of the
Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies. Reservations can be
made at the Livery Agencies office in all hotels and bungalow
camps. Rates for both these rides are $10.00 per day, inclusive
of pony, food and sleeping accommodation in either tents or
bungalow camps—except for the Emerald Lake day, which will
be $13.00.
18  Smerald J^ake
from a painting by
has a fair supply of trout, and its vicinity affords
many charming excursions by foot or by trail.
Emerald Lake Chalet, on the southern shore, is
built of great squared timbers and is surrounded
by bungalows of rustic design.
20 Yoho V^ational
Yoho National Park
(area 476 square miles)
immediately adjoins
Banff Park along the
crest of the Great Divide. In this realm of
winsome beauty there
are deep cool primeval
forests, giant mountains, ancient white expanses of glacier, foaming waterfalls, rushing
rivers and lakes of jade
and sapphire. The
Canadian Pacific Railway has opened up
this magnificent country to the tourist.
at convenient points
throughout the Park
are Bungalow Camps,
Rest-Houses and Tea-
Houses. All these are
linked up by excellent
motor roads or  trails.
bungalow Qamp
Wapta Lake, a beautiful   sheet   of   water
that is the principal source of the Kicking Horse River, lies high
up near the Great Divide. The Canadian Pacific circles one
side, with a station at Hector, while the motor road from
Field to Lake Louise is on the camp side. Since the opening of
this highway it is possible to drive over from Yoho to Wapta,
passing the charming Kicking Horse Tea-House.
Like most of the Rocky Mountain lakes, the color of Wapta
is an indescribable green varying in shade with every whim of
the atmosphere — jade, emerald, apple, grass — and looking
frequently as though gallons of rich yellow cream had been
poured into it. On its shores is Wapta Bungalow Camp, with
its community house and detached log cabins, which can
accommodate altogether 55 guests. From the camp you can
see stern Mt. Stephen (named after the first President of the
Canadian Pacific), Victoria with her gleaming opalescent scarf
of snow and ice, Narao and Cathedral crags. Fishing, boating,
riding and hiking are some of the attractions.
Two and a half miles of beautifully wooded trail will take
you to Sherbrooke Lake, which lies in a depression between
Mount Ogden and Paget Peak. In another direction is Ross
Lake, hidden between Niblock and Narao.
fyke O'Hara
Lake O'Hara lies eight miles south of Wapta, and can be
reached by a splendid trail. Gaining the top of a barren plateau
on the other side of Lake Wapta, you can look back on the
Bungalow Camp, which lies like a toy village strewn on the
slope of Paget Peak. The trail winds on, now ascending, now
descending, first through a jade temple of a forest, thence into
an Alpine flower garden, where the botanist could count seventy-
five varieties of wild flowers in half as many minutes. Delicate
as a muted harmony, many of them; others flame with regal
insolence, and the whole meadow is so thickly carpeted that
picking your way through it without damaging some of the
blossoms is utterly impossible.
fyke O' Hara bungalow Qamp
The SIREN song of a cascade calls; you push on, passing
through a grove of spruces, and the richly colored waters of
Lake O'Hara invite
your admiration. One's
eyes are drawn up and
up to the glorious peaks
that stand guard about
this lovely lake, the
joy and despair of
artists—Wiwaxy's jagged top sharply defined against the skyline, the towering mass
of Huber, the white
splendour of Victoria
and Lefroy, and the
encircling majesty of
Yukness, Hungabee,
Biddle, Schaffer and
Odaray, with the vast
towers of Cathedral in
the distance.
Lake O'Hara Eunga-
low  Camp is situated
on   a   slight  elevation
overlooking   the   lake,
at its very edge, and
the log cabins cluster
on the shore, encircled
with pine and spruce.
Rooms can also be obtained  in  the  Chalet.
The Camp consists of
a central building and
a group of log cabins,
which together accommodate 34, the former
on   the   Swiss   Chalet
style,   decorated   in   a
rustic fashion.   O'Hara
does not advertise modern luxuries, but its grate fires, comfortable chairs, hot and cold water baths, simple but well-cooked
meals and beds that are a benediction to tired bodies take away the
rough edges of camping life.   There is boating, riding and hiking.
There is another route to Lake O'Hara—going from Field
to the end of the motor road and the junction of the Ottertail
trail and thence via this trail along McArthur Creek and Pass.
fyke MczArthur
Kverybody who visits O'Hara takes the trip to Lake
McArthur. The trail is good and leads through meadowlands
and up the rugged, stony shoulder of Mount Schaffer, from
whence there is a superb view of rugged Ottertail Valley.
McArthur is one of the largest lakes at such a high altitude
(7,359 feet) in the mountains. It is cupped in the Biddle
amphitheatre, absolutely barren of trees, and overhung on one
side by Schaffer and on the other side by Park Mountain.
McArthur is every conceivable shade of blue—aquamarine,
sapphire, cerulean; a glorious gem, its surface covered with
dancing points of silver—a vast shield of damascened steel.
fyke Oesa
Lake Oesa is less easily reached than McArthur. One follows
the trail around the lake from the Chalet to the foot of the
Seven Sisters Waterfall and clambers up a steep bit to a plateau,
and more steep bits to higher plateaus. In the bosom of the
highest one of all is Lake Oesa, which is smaller than either
O'Hara or McArthur, and neither so green as the one nor so
blue as the other. The very spirit of silence broods over
Oesa. In its serenity it seems to be as remote from the living
world as if it were in the moon.
rAbbot "Pass
From Oesa you can cross Abbot Pass and descend to Lake
Louise. This is not a trip for the unseasoned, the inexperienced, or the foolhardy, for it is on foot over the glaciers;
but provided you have a sturdy constitution, a Swiss guide,
proper climbing clothes, and about eight hours of fair weather,
you can make this magnificent excursion easily enough.
21 Resortsinthe Canadian Rockies
,,..;,<:•■ •■:£:'''
At Gibbon
Pass with the
Trail Riders
Takakkaw Falls in the Yoho Valley
Emerald Lake Chalet The Toho Valley
J\(atural 'Bridge
The Yoho Valley can
be reached in several ways.
Running roughly at right
angles to the Kicking
Horse Pass, a motor road
runs in from the main
Lake Louise - Emerald
Lake road as far as the
Bungalow Camp; so that
it can be reached by motor
from either Lake Louise,
Wapta, Field or Emerald
Lake. There are two ways
in by trail, of which we
will speak later.
The ride by motor is
one of the finest drives in
the Rockies (round trip
distance from Field, 22
miles; from Lake Louise,
42 miles). The road, crossing the Kicking Horse
River, follows the milky
glacier-fed stream to where
it joins the Yoho River,
near the entrance of
the valley at Mount
Field,    round    which    it
swings, and up the valley until some precipitous cliffs are
The pine forest gives a welcome shade and fragrance, and,
as the way winds up the cliff to a higher level, the Yoho torrent
foaming below shrinks with distance. Up these it zigzags to
a higher level, ending a short distance past the Takakkaw
Falls. Takakkaw, the stream that comes down from the Daly
Glacier, is 1,200 feet high. It is not a river of water but
a river of foam, which drops with an oddly leisurely appearance.
Yoho "Valley Bungalow Qamp
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp, which has accommodation
for 44 people, is situated in a meadow within sight and sound of
Takakkaw Falls. It is an ideal place for hikers and riders;
and, like the other Bungalow Camps of the region, consists of a central club house with separate wooden sleeping
There are many fine trail rides from the Camp (the motor
road ending here) particularly into the upper valley and over
Summit Pass.    You will find them described on page 24.
Motor Services
Many services between Lake Louise, Yoho Valley and
Emerald Lake, including the 24-Hour Motor Detour and the
Lariat Trail, all passing Wapta Lake.
Outdoor Trips in   Yoho Rational Park
Trail Trips.—Wapta, Yoho and Lake O'Hara Camps are on
the 6-day Circle Trail Trip.
Wapta to Lake O'Hara, Yoho to Emerald Lake, Upper Yoho
Valley and Burgess Pass.
Climbing.—See under Emerald Lake and Abbot Pass.
Fishing.—In Wapta and Sherbrooke Lakes.
Map of the Rockies
All the points in Yoho
National Park at which
accommodation is provided for visitors are
linked up, either by motor
road or good trail.
Field, a little railway
town and divisional point
that nestles at the foot of
Mount Stephen — a giant
that towers 6,500 feet
above to a height of
10,485 feet above sea-
level — is the point at
which you descend from
the train; or if you have
come from Banff or Lake
Louise, the motor road
brings you past Field.
From the town it is seven
miles out to Emerald Lake
Chalet, by a fine road
through the hush of a
scented pine-forest.
Soon you reach Natural Bridge — an ineffectual
effort on the part of
nature to curb the foaming passage of the Kicking
Horse by choking the river bed with huge boulders. A
platform has been built across the cataract for the convenience of visitors, and on the other side there is a charming little Tea-House. There is resident accommodation for
four guests.
The road becomes Snowpeak Avenue—because at either end
of its straight cathedral-stiff avenue can be seen a towering
snowcapped mountain.
Cmerald fyke
We draw your attention to the large map of the Canadian
Rockies inset into this booklet. This map illustrates in a very
graphic manner the territory in Banff Park and Yoho National
The superb green of Emerald Lake is beyond Nature's
achievement in any other lake in the Rockies. Tall pines crowd
to the water's edge to see their perfect reflection, and to see
inverted in the emerald mirror the snowy giants that surround
it. Burgess looms at one end of the lake, while more distant are
Wapta, Michael, President, Carnarvon and Emerald.
Emerald Lake has a fair supply of trout, and its vicinity
affords many charming excursions on foot or by trail. There
is a good trail all around the lake, which is the shortest four and
a half miles you've ever walked, and perhaps the loveliest,
and another to Hamilton Falls. A boat-house provides skiffs
for water excursions.
The Qhalet
Emerald Lake Chalet, on the southern shore, is built of
great squared timbers, fortress-like in their solidity, surrounded
by rustic design chalets under whispering trees. The settlement now consists of three units—the Chalet, the Club House,
and the bungalows.
The Chalet, originally built several years ago, and recently
enlarged, is along Swiss Chalet lines, with deep overhanging
balconies. It contains the office, the dining room, and many
bedrooms. The Club House is what its name implies; it
is an especial favorite at nights, either the verandah, with
its magnificent sunset and moonlight views, or indoors,
where a good floor for dancing, comfortable chairs for lounging, card-tables, a library and a great log fire provide entertainment for all.
The bungalows are of various sizes, most daintily and comfortably furnished with hot and cold running water, bathrooms,
stoves, good sized cupboards, etc. All of them have their
individual verandahs, and the larger ones are "en suite"
with connecting doors. (Chalet open June 15th to September 15th.)
23 Resorts/nthe Canadian Rockies
Yoho 'Pass
One of the finest
trail trips from Emerald Lake, on the back of
a sturdy, sure-footed
mountain pony, is to
the Summit of Yoho
Pass, that is to say,
leading into the Yoho
Valley. The return
journey can be made
in four hours afoot or
by pony, but many
people prefer to make
it an all-day affair.
Following the road to
the end of the Lake,
you begin to climb up
an eighteen hundred
foot treeless cliff, while
more and more of the
world spreads out beneath you, and Emerald Lake far below
grows smaller and
A last stiff pull and
you are over the top,
cantering gaily through
a cool moist forest, and
then Yoho Lake, green like Emerald, but not so large, flashes
in the clearing.
Here is situated a cosy little log-cabin Rest-House.
Yoho Valley
From Yoho Pass there is a good trail leading down to the
Yoho Valley, coming out near the Bungalow Camp. The view
from the top is a magnificent one of wide vistas, with Takakkaw
Falls on the far side of the Valley.
Pausing near the Bungalow Camp, you can turn into the
Upper Yoho Valley. A beautiful trail winds up the valley to
Twin Falls and Yoho Glacier, passing Point Lace Falls, Angel's
Stairs and Laughing Falls. Yoho Glacier lies at the Valley's
end, a breath-taking sight. The curved top is of a whiteness beyond anything but that of what it is—neve snow. The
lower seracs are each individualized in the clear air with
subtle blue shadows. It does not give a sense of horror as do
some icefields; the beauty of it triumphs over that.
For the majority the ride up the valley to the culminating
glacier is enough for one day, and fortunately there is no need
to return, for opposite Twin Falls (two fast columns that drop
almost perpendicularly) is Twin Falls Lodge, with accommodation for eight guests.
The High Trail
You can return by the "High Trail," mounting through
Alpine meadows, carpeted with purple and white bryanthus, till
you come out of the scent of wild flowers and balsam high over
Yoho Valley. The sense of quiet disappears, and there comes
to you as you ride along the edge of a sort of natural bastion
the roar of waters and the sigh of wind. Across the valley,
the great Waputik snowfield and Takakkaw Falls glimmer in
the westerning sun and you can pick out in that clear air the
faint black of the Canadian Pacific track going into the Spiral
Tunnel beyond the Kicking Horse River. Soon you reach
the Yoho Lake again and the trail home.
yoho valley bungalow camp
Burgess 'Pass
Or from Yoho Lake you can turn in another direction,
round on to Burgess Pass, altitude 7,150 feet. It is a wonderful
journey. The great crags of Wapta flaunt up to the left, and to
the right, at every step, there appear higher up new visions of
the President Range. The guide can point out to you the way
to the now well-known Burgess Pass Fossil Quarry, which was
discovered by Dr. Walcott in 1910, and has yielded to science
the finest and largest
series of Middle Cambrian fossils yet unearthed and the finest
invertebrate fossils discovered in any formation. Descent can be
made from the Pass to
Motor Trips
Smerald fyke
Field. — Transfer at
train time and on all
other trips.
Lake Louise. — (See
page 14.) Twice daily.
Kicking Horse Tea-
House and Wapta
Camp.—On all trips to
Lake Louise.
Yoho Valley. — On
various trips.
Yoho Circle Tour.—
Field, Yoho Valley,
Emerald Lake and
Field.    Once  daily.
Golden.—Once daily (see 24-Hour Motor Detour, page 16).
The Lariat Trail.—(See page 16.) Spends the second night at
Emerald Lake.
Ottertail Road, via Field, following south side of Kicking
Horse River—by arrangement.
Outdoor Trips at Smerald fyke
Trail Trips.—Over Yoho Pass to Yoho Valley Camp, or by
branch into either the upper Yoho Valley or over Burgess
Pass to Field (see above). Emerald Lake is on the 6-day
Circle Trail Trip (see page 18).
Climbing.—Mounts President, Vice-President, Burgess and
Wapta: at Field, Mount Stephen. These are all fairly hard
climbs. There is another fine climb from Field over Dennis
Pass between Mounts Stephen and Dennis, thence over Duches-
nay Pass and down to the Lake O'Hara trail.
Fishing.—Occasionally, in Emerald Lake.
On to the Pacific
r rom Golden, the Canadian Pacific ascends the second of the
great backbone ranges, the Selkirks, and enters Glacier National Park. The Selkirk Range, smaller in size than the
Rockies, is geologically much older; with its massive peaks
and giant glaciers, it has somewhat of an air of isolation and
mystery. At the present time, there is no hotel or camp
Mount Revelstoke Park, close to Glacier, and altogether a
mountain-top one, provides a wonderful automobile trip. A
road has been constructed by the Government to the very
Sicamous, or Shuswap Lake, is a favorite stop-over point
for those who wish to view the mountain panorama entirely by
daylight. A charming hotel is operated here by the Canadian
Pacific. At Kamloops, the impressive canyon scenery of the
Thompson River begins, followed later by the Fraser River
A full description of this part of the Rockies, from Golden to
Vancouver, is contained in our booklet "Your Journey through
the Canadian Rockies" (obtainable from agencies or on transcontinental trains).
Photographs in this booklet marked ©A.S.N. are copyright by the
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