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By train... through the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1951

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Array "Ey Train...
THROUGH THE
find
dian
Rockies
THE
CANADIAN PACIFIC
WAY SPANS THE WORLD
Railways • Steamships
Airlines • Hotels
Communications • Express
On land, on the sea, in the air Canadian Pacific
is at your service with Canadian Pacific
service. Across the Atlantic Ocean sleek,
white liners — Empress of Scotland
(26,300 tons), Empress of Canada and
Empress of France (20,000 tons) sail every
week Banff Springs Hotel and Chateau
Lake Louise, (Banff outdoor pool and the
Chateau shown below) are outstanding
examples of Canadian Pacific hotels
across Canada from sea to sea. BY TRAIN THROUGH THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
•    This booklet is your welcome to the Canadian Rockies, the
view-filled four hundred miles of peaks and passes, crags and canyons,
streams and cataracts that make the journey by Canadian Pacific
through the Rocky and the Selkirk Ranges one of the travel wonders
of the world.
• The sequence of the following pages is from East to West,
but it is easy to use them as a guide in either direction. First, run quickly
over the map on pages 2 and 3 to familiarize yourself with the terrain,
then turn to page 21 if eastbound, page 4 if headed west,
for more detailed descriptions.
• Running through the book you will find sketch maps of the railway,
each is complete and refers only to the same page. The top of each page
is North, seen through right hand windows as you travel from East to West.
If you travel from the Pacific eastward, then "north" will refer to the left.
• For operating reasons the railway is divided into a number of
divisions and subdivisions of varying lengths. Progress through each
subdivision can be tioted by reference to mile-boards, like this,(      123.4]
which mark distances west of subdivisional points. Each map, and
they are sketches remember, and not exactly to scale, covers the distance
shown by the mile-boards at the top of the page.
•    Because this will be read
on trains moving in each
direction and on different
timetables, no times for arrivals
at different locations are used.
Where a warning of something
very spectacular coming up is
given the reference is by
elapsed time from the last
station stop, or by the nearest
mile-board.
•■■^i:;;:;^
Ever-changing gran"
deur marches with the
Canadian Pacific main
line through the
Canadian Rockies. THROUGH    THE CANADIAN ROCKIES BY CANADIAN PACIFIC
Lake Louise and Banff Springs Hotel.   Hiking, some
aid of Swiss guides, are common to these resorts
The mountain playgrounds that extend frQjrrBar
great Banff and Yoho Nation<;
the Canadian Government.^
Park/and MountKeyelstoli
Selkirk Mouwtain^
The moose, "ungainly as a
horse on stilts", js^a strong
swimmer and fcfsr\runner. It
feeds in marshy lands and on
tender shoots of ^nderwater
vegetation. This one was
photographed In cololfiUh one
of the Vermilpn/Lakes beside the track near Banff.,
• The building of the Canadian Pacific Railway was an epic of
endurance, ingenuity and sheer dogged determination.   Bearers of
names that have become great in Canadian history wele familiar
figures to the shirt-sleeved, horny-handed pioneers who surveyed the
passes, blasted the rock cuts and pushed the steel through.   Many of
these names now identify stations or live\iore^er in peaks, passe
and towns along the line. , \   j
• It called for great engineering feats such as the Spiral Tunnel;
between Hector and Field, the Connaught Tunnel between Stoney
reek and Glacier^and many ^tstanding examples of bridge-buil
• \Ihe Canadiah\rtpanc RajfwraVlvas built primarily to pierce the,
great^barrier b etwee n^e^e^ (^Canada and me Pacific coast
for economic reasQq^Niku'W travel developed, th& Canadian Pacific
realized the possibilities of the Canadian Rockies as an unsurpassi
holiday area.   It builtx^naVoperates luxurious hotjbjs at Banff an
Lake Louise fc^SweJI as le^Wetejitioys resorl
inettake.   Spe«
£t Emerald Lake
ateau VANCOUVER 4L6J
(Laggan Subdivision)
(81.9       )
3|ins<on
\eP
MORLEY TO  BANFF
•    Morley (altitude 4078 feet) 600 feet higher than Calgary, is still foothills country.   But ahead the
peaks that form the Canadian Rockies and the passes worn by ancient and long-dead glaciers march
ever closer.   Grazing lands give way to the Stoney Indian Reserve through which the line
passes between Morley and Seebe.   The river widens at Exshaw into a pleasant lake
with Pigeon Mountain directly south.   Look for mallard ducks and Canada geese.  A little
west of Kananaskis, norlh of the track, is the entrance to Banff National Park.
Ahead to the right is 8880 foot Grotto Mountain.
At Mile 62, thirty-five minutes from Morley and half-way to Banff, just before
the track threads between a steep shoulder of the Fairholme Mount^
north and the tumbling Bow River on the south through The Gqp,
lookout for bighorn sheep on the steep slopes.  Southwest^
the Three Sisters, a triple-peaked mountain that poses
for many cameras.
North-eastward up the nc
Valley of the Bow, wait i
Fairholme Mountain
r5TONEY INDIAN RESERVE
to the north and MounKv^''-^^ ~^7"^i^x
Rundle to the south.   Bot!
exceed 9800 feet in
height.   Ten minutes after
leaving Canmore Carrot
Creek, coming from the
northeast round the Fairholme    three
Mountains, leads your eye to Mo^jQfr£/?5^ou^
Peechee (9625'), Mount Girouard
(9875/) and Mount Inglismaldie (92251
•    Now you curve to the left and, northwest, the southern tip of Cascade Mountain (9836') is marked by
thundering cascades, like thin rivulets in the distance.   The track crosses the Cascade River, parallels it
for a few hundred yards and turns sharply southwest.   On the south Tunnel Mountain looms.   To the north,
on flat-lands at the feet of Cascade and Stoney Squaw Mountains is the National Parks Department
wild animal paddock for buffalo, rocky mountain goats and bighorn sheep.   In the evening, to the east
of the Paddock you are quite likely to see a number of bears.   Perhaps this is unromantic, but they are
probably on their way to a refuse heap where all sorts of sweet discards are an irresistible magnet.
Now get ready for a brisk walk on the platform at Banff Station—an opportunity for photographs
of Cascade, Stoney Squaw, Mount Norquay, Rundle and Sulphur Mountains.
Mount Eisenhower
(4) (        81.9)
VLoggan ouoaivision/
t'22.2    )
BANFF   TO   STEPHEN
w    In the forty miles on this page the Canadian Pacific
Railway, following the lowest levels the survey party
could find, climbs only 800 feet.   But the need of
this pass is evident in the increasing number of high
peaks that thrust skyward as the Canadian Rockies
reach for their greatest heights.
• Keep a look out for Banff Springs Hotel to the
south just after you start; and moose feeding in
Vermillion Lakes north of the track in the shadow of
Sulphur Mountain.   Other wild animals you may hope
to see in this area include deer and elk, many of whom
feed close to the right of way and—in tourist season—
an occasional black bear, sometimes with her cubs,
on the lookout for "handouts" from drivers on the
Banff-Lake Louise highway.   North of Vermilion Lakes
is Mount Norquay, site of excellent ski runs.   To the
south is the Bourgeau Range.   Ten minutes from Banff
the view to the north includes Mount Edith (8380')
and, close to the track, a huge cave known as Hole-
in-the-Wall in which Banff Masonic Lodge has met,
and Mount Cory (9194').
• The Bow; River changes in character as the land
rises.   Its colour takes on the milky jade typical of
glacial waters. Jjj^o we ring peaks south of the track
are: Mount Bourgeau, in the distance; Massive
Mountain (7990') closer at hand and Pilot Mountain
directly south of Mile board 93.
• From this point the pass widens.   Redearth Creek
on the south and Johnston Creek west of Mount Ishbel
on the north, enter the Bow River within a mile of
each other.   Copper Mountain (9170') immediately
south of where Johnston Creek joins the Bow River,
warns you to look north for the south-eastern slopes of
Mount Eisenhower, the fortress-like mountain whose
base parallels the track for the next eight miles.
Formerly known as Castle Mountain, this tremendous
formation, battlemented like a medieval castle, was
renamed to honour General of the Army Dwight
Eisenhower, brilliant Supreme Commander of the Allied
Forces in Europe.
• Storm Mountain, five or six miles south of Mile 106,
usually lives up to its name, its 10372 foot peak often
being wreathed in clouds.   Nearby, north of the tracks,
beaver often build dams at the water's edge.
• From here to Lake Louise Station, south of the track
are the many glaciers on the slopes of the Bow Range.
Tall peaks that tower above the nearer mountains
include Bident (10119'), Quadra (10420')/ snow-covered
ITEPI
point on the Canadian
Pacific Railway.   The
south side is still the more
spectacular as the line curves to
the left around the Beehive, Mount
St. Piran and Mount Niblock.   Mile
board 121 is a warning to look just south
of the track for the sign, "The Great Divide",
which marks the boundary between Alberta and
British Columbia.   Beneath this sign, easily noted
as your train slows to enter Stephen, a small brook
becomes two smaller streams that find their way,
westward to the Kicking Horse River, the Columbia and the
Pacific; eastward to the Bow River and eventually Hudson's
Bay and the Atlantic.
Mount Babel (10185') and the Ten Wenkchemna Peaks that surround the
famous Valley of the Ten Peaks.   Tallest of all, four miles south of Mile 112,
is Mount Temple (11636').   To the north are Protection Mountain, Redoubt
Mountain (9520') and Ptarmigan Peak (10070').
•    The last four miles to Lake Louise show you, still to the south,
Saddle Mountain, Fairview Mountain and, seen between these two,
Sheol (9118'), Haddo (10083/), Mount Aberdeen (10350/) and
Mount Victoria (113650.   Victoria's magnificent glacier
overhanging Lake Louise, and first sight to greet visitors at
Chateau Lake Louise, sheds its waters through the lake and by
way of Louise Creek to join the Bow River just before you
reach the station.   From Lake Louise Station motor roads
lead: to the  Chateau, a thousand  feet higher;
Moraine Lake Lodge in the Valley of the Ten Peaks;
^$he Columbia Icefield, eighty-five miles to the north
^here the Athabaska, Dome and Saskatchewan
Glaciers combine to form 150 square miles
of ice; Lake Wapta Lodge; Yoho
^oj.   Valley Lodge; Emerald Lake Chalet
'i))»*L   and Field-
|^|g§^       •    In the next six miles the f     122.2 J
(Laggan Subdivision)
STEPHEN  TO   FIELD
• Eight and a half miles as the crow flies but fourteen
miles by the track and 1265 feet downhill lies Field,
divisional point for the mountain subdivision.   In the coming
fourteen miles—forty thrill-packed minutes—is concentrated
some of the finest scenery and the most interesting
engineering feat of the journey, the world-famous Spiral
Tunnels.   At Stephen (5339'), entrance to the Kicking
Horse Pass, are Summit and Sink Lakes.   South of the
track can be seen Popes Peak (10376'), Narao Peak, and,
at Mile 125, to the north, Wapta Lake connected with
the stream at the Great Divide by Blue Creek, the
site of Lake Wapta Lodge, a popular mountain resort,
in the shadow of Mount Bosworth and Paget Peak.
This lake is the source of the Kicking Horse River—first in
your mountain journey to flow from east to west.   South
of Lake Wapta, Cataract Brook parallels a canyon trail
that leads to Lake O'Hara Lodge beside the lake of the
same name*in a valley sheltered by Wiwaxy peaks,
Mount Schaffer and Mount Odaray.   At Mile 126 are
Vanguard Peak, Cathedral Crags (10081') and Cathedral
Mountain (10464'), opposed to the north by Mount Ogden
and the lush Yoho Valley.
• Now in less than a mile, by means of two spiral
tunnels, the track reverses itself twice and drops ninety-eight
feet.   Soon after Mile 127, to the north of the track and
below it, you can see the entrance and exit to the second
tunnel from which the track continues its westward journey.
A mile and a half west the train enters the first spiral
tunnel under Cathedral Mountain and in three fifths
of a mile turns almost a complete circle and comes
out heading north-east forty-eight feet lower.
The down grade continues until the entrance
to the second tunnel is reached when
almost another circle is made and
nearly a thousand yards later
you leave the tunnel headed west
again.   Now, look up to the
south and you'll see the track you
passed over a few minutes before.
North is another view of the Yoho
Valley, and to the south Mount
Stephen (10495').   Below, the
Kicking Horse River
makes its way along the pass.
To the north, Mount Field
and Mount Wapta border
the Yoho Valley with, beyond,
Burgess Pass and Mount
Burgess.
•    From Field well-engineered
motor roads lead up the scenic
Yoho Valley to Yoho Valley
Mountain Lodge; and, past
the "Natural Bridge" formed
by the boring of the Kicking Horse
River through rock formations, north
through the Valley of the Emerald
River to Emerald Lake Chalet.
PAGE!
'HERBROOKt 9    Field marks the end of a time
zone and watches are set back one
hour on the westward journey to
Pacific Time.   The train stays fifteen
minutes while competent crews
minister to the operating needs of
the locomotive and cars.   The
station platform is a vantage point
from which many successful
photographs of the surrounding
mountains are taken.1
The picture shows better than
words can tell how alert engineers solved the grade problem
on "The Big Hill". A few yards
ahead of the engine at lower
right is the first portal. At far
left is the second portal and just
below the engine of the faraway train is the lower exit. In the lovely Valley of
the Kicking Horse,
Mount Stephen looms
where the Kicking Horse
and Amiskwi Rivers join.
::::Vr:?V:-
Broad green valleys follow
rushing streams to provide a
road-bed from which the
scenery unrolls in a moving
panorama of beauty. 3D
(Mountain Subdivision)
(35.0      )
MDBER&
FIELD  TO  GOLDEN
• Some idea of the steep grades met as your train follows the Kicking Horse
River to its junction with the Columbia River at Golden can be gained from the fact
that in this thirty-five mile stretch the drop in altitude is 1489 feet or nearly
fifteen feet per minute of elapsed time.
• North of the track the Kicking Horse River winds its way at ever increasing
speed through rock strewn rapids and gorges, and at times sings a song loud
enough to be heard above the noise of the train.   On the mountain slopes the ever
present lodge-pole pine climbs to the timber-line with, here and there, stands of
poplar, marked at grazing level by the teeth of countless winter feeding elk.
Deer, bear, elk and moose are quite numerous in the country between Field and
Glenogle.   Best times to spot them are before nine in the morning and between four
p.m. and sundown.
• South of the track as you leave Field are Mount Dennis, Mount Duchesnay, and
to the north the broad divided valley formed by the Amiskwi River and OtterheadN
Creek.   The railway line has swung steadily to the south as the pass threads its way
between the Van Home Range on the right and the Ottertail Range on the left.
At Mile 13 look two miles left for Mount Vaux (10891') and beyond it to the glacier
between Allan and Hanbury Peaks.   Ahead to the left is Chancellor Peak (10761'),
sight left rapidly behind us, at Mile 15.3 the track turns sharply west and skirts the
Beaverfoot Range to the south for several miles.
• From the rear of the mountain observation car as the train swings west agaiii
look due east for Mount Goodsir, its highest tower 11686 feet and then, as the tu
is completed, south through the densely wooded Beaverfoot River Valley.
• The Kicking Horse River, three miles to the south has taken a sharp bend
and races at foaming speed into the narrow lower Kicking Horse Canyon.   Th
follows the canyon almost to Golden and the tumbling waters create a sounc^
hat matches in awe the twisting, turning, tumbling torrent that boils its way ,
stward.   To the north Mount Hunter, a spur of the Van Home Range, parallels
the track.   After passing Glenogle Station carefully scan the wall of the cc
on the south side, where, soon after Mile board 29, the "Old Man of the
h
w
EMERALD LAKE
\a£HALET
1L0EIT
Mountain", an interesting face carved by nafure,
shows high on the canyon wall.   Five hundred feet
above the rails, at the west end of the Cloister siding   -<-
(Mile 31.7) is the highway.   From the train this mountain
road looks as if it were supported on stilts.   In the distance
north of the track as your train slows to enter Golden, is
Moberly Peak, and on the south the canyon winds ouW^fj)'
Valley of the Columbia.
(9) CUD
(Mountain Subdivision)
(67.8       )
GOLDEN  TO  ROGEBS
• For nearly thirty miles the Canadian Pacific
now follows the Columbia River by taking advantage
of a fairly broad and fertile valley that the mighty
river has created for itself extending around the northern
spur of the Dogtooth Mountains.
• A picturesque sight on the north side of the track,
just beyond the outskirts of Golden, is Edelweiss, a village
of typical chalets built by the Canadian Pacific for the
Swiss guides employed by the company for mountain
climbers. Frequent sharp spurs of the Van Home Range
on the right and the Dogtooth Mountains on the left give
rise to a succession of fast running, picturesque creeks and
rivers, the largest of which is the Blaeberry, which joins
the Columbia just west of Mile 44. To the north is
Willowbank Mountain, soon after which the line swings
west again, crossing the Columbia at Mile 52, half a mile
west of Donald and entering a spectacular canyon where it
parallels the Columbia to Beavermouth, Mile 63,
named for the junction of the Beaver and Columbia Rivers.
The level country between Golden and Beavermouth
is home to large numbers of deer and moose. But it takes
a keen observer to spot them through the heavy growth.
• Now the Columbia fights its way north in the magnificent
"Big Bend" and forces its way through the Selkirks.
We will see it again at Revelstoke. The Canadian Pacific
crosses the Beaver River a mile and a half west of
Beavermouth with the first peak of the Selkirks,
Cupola Mountain (8678'), due north and again follows a
sharply defined narrow valley south-westerly
to Rogers, Mile 67.8.
EDELWEISS
GOLDEN
(10) *'**"'
Deer are frequently seen from the train as
you travel the Canadian Pacific way through
the mountains. The buffalo or, to be more
exact, North America Bison, is protected by
the Government in the animal paddock at
Banff. Rocky mountain sheep occasionally
stray near the right of way, but sight of them
from a moving train is a somewhat rare prize
—guests of Banff Springs Hotel and Chateau
Lake Louise seek them at Lake Minnewanka
and on the moraine of Victoria Glacier.
Large antlered Elk are quite common beside
the track between Banff and Lake Louise and
it is in this same area, too, that black bear
can be spotted. Natural comedians, and
always hungry for sweet things, bears often
beg on the motor road between Banff and
Lake Louise.
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■■-■ Autumn co/ows are riotous
around the lakes, valleys
and woods at the lower
altitudes. Here, the South
Thompson River, B.C., poses
for the colour camera.
Beauty knows
no season in
the Canadian
Rockies—;
every day of
the year has its
own appeal.
Mount
Assiniboine,
a tremendous
landmark
south from
Banff (not
visible from
the train), is a
challenge to
mountaineers,
a beacon for
skiers. (       67.8)
(Mountain Subdivision)'
BOGEBS  TO GLACIEB
• From Rogers the line climbs again, this time to cross the S<
next of the mountain barriers.   In the eighteen miles covered
on this page, the track follows, at ever-increasing heights, the V^pTf^y
the Beaver River, seen through left-hand windows. Wide flat:
dead forests tell of long-gone inundations. To the right, as th
skirts the lower slopes of Mount Rogers (10,525'), steep, tree
slopes march down to the valley.
• Two mountain cascades, crossed between Mile 74 and St<
Creek Station, are spectacular. Pouring down the mountainsi
Surprise Creek, no bigger at its greatest visible height than a
line, cuts its way through a gorge spanned by a truss bridge
splashes, noisily and picturesquely in a foaming cascade to tl
bed 170 feet below.
• The bridge crossing Stoney Creek, almost a twin brotherj
Surprise, presented a stiff engineering problem.   Here, the si
sides of the gulch through which the torrent speeds, drop 271
feet below the track level.   The contour of the land calls for
a curve at the western end of the bridge and, to cross the
Stoney, it was necessary to build an arch bridge, the westernj
of which is slightly curved.   Although not thought of as such i
engineers' plans, this unusual structure is an ideal site for phoi
the curve of the train enabling it to be shown in pictures shot
the open observation car in the rear.
• Three miles west, at Mile 80.2, an even greater problem fa,
the engineers who built the line.   Mount Macdonald (9492') w<
the way, its peak more than a mile above the track level.   To
it the first line was built through Rogers Pass, compelling a climb^oj
hundred feet in five miles and needing, for its protection from slides,
than four and a half miles of snow sheds, some of which and the pier;
old bridges can be seen to the north.   In 1916, by the boring of the
Connaught Tunnel—whicl
now about to enter—the ci
in half, the distance was shortene<
and a third miles and curves^equal
circles were done away with?^s=^
•   A mile of solid rock is the roof of Conn
Tunnel, which is of concrete construction, twen
nine feet wide and twenty-one ^rra\a\Q$iJi
feet high.   Fresh air is forced throug^^^V
giant ventilating fans at the west^e ~"
Just before entering the tunnel youjg^
train moves to the left, by
automatic switch to the
double-tracks that pierce
the mighty mountain.
This gives the engineer
a full view of both
tracks which climb
fifty-two feet in ea
mile. CUED
(Mountain Subdivision)
(125.7      )
GLACIEB  TO  BEVELSTOKE
• No matter how much the rugged scenery at the
entrance to Connaught Tunnel should have prepared
you, the return to daylight as you leave the tunnel
at Glacier is always a challenge to the senses with
its magnificent panorama of peaks, precipices and
glaciers.   South and east of the station—you will
have to crane your neck—look up the valley for the
lllecillewaet Glacier, outlet for the lllecillewaet
snow field, forcing its way between Lookout
Mountain and Perley Peak.   Beyond, thrusting its
peak 10,618 feet into the blue, is Mount Sir Donald.
• A mile from the station up the slope of Mount
Abbott to the south, ruined piers of an old bridge
show where the Rogers Pass line crossed Loop Brook
before the tunnel was bored.   Glacier is the station
for Glacier National Park, 521 square miles in area
in which a number of challenging peaks are still
unclimbed.   Between Glacier and Albert Canyon
you may spot mountain goats and sheep just below
the snow line and travellers carrying binoculars
should look on the slides and burns for grizzly bear
in this district.
•    The level drops nearly twenty-three hundred
feet in the forty-mile run to Revelstoke, a fact
well-illustrated by the speedy, foaming waters of
the lllecillewaet River whose head-long rush parallels
the Canadian Pacific most of the way.   North and
south of Mile 88 are Cougar Mountain and Ross
Peak.   Southward Mount Green (8870') marks the
western boundary of the Valley of Flat Creek which
opens a vista to the south at Mile 93.2.  A mile
farther on snow sheds and tunnels testify to the
engineering difficulties overcome when the line was
put through.  Ten crossings of the lllecillewaet
River are made between Glacier and Revelstoke.
The track is hemmed in by wooded slopes as the
canyons narrow and the river often becomes a
hissing cauldron between the rock walls.
• Watch for Mile board 102, for within the next mile Albert Canyon, a narrow
hundred and fifty foot gorge through which the river is forced, parallels the rails
to the north. The slow passage of the train gives you a chance to see this fern- <
wreathed gorge.   To the south lies the Albert snowfield and near
tip may be seen on the east slope of Albert Peak 10,008 feet hi<
north, bounded on the east by Woolsey Creek, lies Mount Revels^c
the National Park of the same name and, southward, as the i
widens out, at Mile 115, is Twin Butte.
• Ahead lies the Columbia River, back from its northern joy
of 151 miles, around the Big Bend, and the mouth of the
lllecillewaet, which, in its final rush to reach the broq
stream, pours through rocky Box Canyon (Mile
turns the turbines that light up Revelstok|
way more peacefully to its junction with
• You have twenty minutes to stretch yc
and enjoy the view at Revelstoke while
MTCWEOPS
2§5
NAPOLEON
{jnaintenance staff thoroughly checks your
train.   Don't miss the station gardens, a
bank of lovely flowers, and an exhibition
Kiosk which is a key to the area.   At the
eastern end of the station-building a
miniature Dutch windmill decorates
a prosaic water hydrant.   Every
season this windmill serves as a
background for personal photographs.
(16) s
(Shuswap Subdivision]
(44.7      ]
BEVELSTOKE   TO   SICAMOUS
• The Selkirks are behind us but we have still to traverse the Monashee System.
A mile west of Revelstoke the track crosses the Columbia River and to the south, visible
for the next mile, are Mount Begbie and Mount Macpherson.   Mount Revelstoke still
commands the northern view.  The Canadian Pacific follows the Tonkawatla River
through Eagle Pass to Three Valley Lake, then the Eagle River.   North of the track
the western slopes of the Gold Range rise to seven thousand feet.  At mile 8.5 you
skirt Summit Lake using three short tunnels through the mountain spurs.   The downward
slope now is gradual—only three hundred and forty feet in forty-five miles—but the
incidence of rivers and canyons is still apparent.   From Three Valley Lake (Mile 14.6)
the railway skirts the slopes, first one side, then the other.   To the south is Mount Griffin
(7075'), of the Hunter Range, and, near Mile 22, beautiful Kay Falls.
• The line, still following the Eagle River, now heads southwestward between the
Shuswap and Hunters Ranges to reach, at Craigellachie (Mile 28.3), the historic spot
where the last spike was driven November 7, 1885, when eastern and western portions
of the line met and Canada's first transcontinental railway became a fact.  A simple
cairn north of the track marks the spot.
• Now the character of the land changes, the valley widens out and small farms
prove that we are on the Pacific slope where the gentler breezes and temperate
climate stimulate a more lush growth.   The Eagle River empties into Shuswap Lake at
Sicamous, a favourite starting point for trout fishermen and junction for the fruit growing
Okanagan Valley.
To Vernon,
Kelowna
and Penticton.
Every sunlit moment of the
trip through the Canadian
Rockies is a challenge to the
camera fan. If you shoot
colour, follow the film manufacturer s recommendation, or
your exposure-meter reading—
but remember the prevalence
of dark evergreens when
you    shoot   from    the   train.
(17) [ohuswap Subdivisioi
ivision)
SICAMOUS  TO  EL.SON
In the summer months evening and early morning bring you to the level track that
skirts the south shore of Salmon Arm in the section from Sicamous to Tappen (Mile 70.6).
This long arm of Shuswap Lake, reservoir of the Thompson River, first met at Sicamous,
reflects low hills and green rolling countryside in its still waters.   Averaging half a mile
in width, Salmon Arm is a feeding ground for wild duck and a favourite holiday spot
for residents of Pacific coast cities.
•    From Tappen the line runs north, paralleling White Creek for four miles and then
turns west at the foot of Mount Hilliam, Black Mountain and Squilax Mountain.
To the north, gently rolling lands slope gradually down to the main body of Shuswap
Lake which is said to contain more varieties of trout and other fish—including steel-head
salmon trout and salmon from the Pacific returning to spawn—than any other fresh
water in British Columbia.
(18) f     83.9)
(Shuswap Subdivision)
ELSON  TO  KAMEOOPS
• At Mileage 84 the western tip of Shuswap Lake narrows to enter Little Shuswap
Lake a mile west of Squilax (87.5).   The high land to the south, Ptarmigan Hills,
is much gentler in appearance than were the mountains of the rockies, the
Selkirks and the Monashee Ranges.   Now, the track dips less than three
hundred feet in the forty-five miles covered in this map as it parallels the
South Thompson River, born in the Shuswap Lake System.   The Shuswap
Lake area, more densely populated than any territory we have
passed through so far, is a prosperous fruit and mixed farming belt.
• Between mileage 126 and Kamloops sites of semi-subterranean
pre-historic Indian houses have been discovered between the
Canadian Pacific transcontinental line and the South Thompson
• Kamloops, the division point that ends the map on
this page, marks the junction of the North Thompson and
outh Thompson Rivers.   The main stream flows west through
Kamloops Lake out of which empties the Thompson River.
Popular with passengers during the ten minutes stop are the
tation gardens on the south side.   North lies the Valley of th
HILL
T-MER^
^^^r.BhYssf^W^Mrk
North Thompson.  Many!
well-stocked with game trout.   You will see me
and broad cattle ranches and this countryside also contc
copper and base metal mines.
<^
Orchard and farm lands replace the rugged beauty of the
Canadian Rockies as you follow the South Thompson River
westward to Kamloops. s
(Thompson Subdivision)
('21.5     )
KAMLOOPS   TO  NORTH  BEND
• In the hundred and twenty-five miles between Kamloops and North Bend further
evidence of the journey down the long slope to the Pacific lies in the gentle down grade
which lowers the track level from 1159 feet above sea level at Kamloops to 493 feet
at North Bend.   As may be expected, industry, changing from the occasional saw-mills
which have been seen from time to time, now takes on a sterner appearance. At Mile 11,
north of the track across the narrow lake, Battle Bluff, marked with a red-painted
reminder, calls locally to mind fierce Indian tribal struggles of the past.
• A series of tunnels between Mile 8.5 and Savona (Mile 25.2), testifies to the
engineering difficulties encountered in building the line.   At Ashcroft, Mile 47.3, sidings
and loading platforms handle cattle and sheep, fruit and vegetables—particularly
potatoes, where once prospectors and miners of the Cariboo gold fields passed.
From Ashcroft the line turns almost due south and at Mile 52.5 passes through Black
Canyon where the Thompson, squeezed by rock formations, turns into roaring white
waters.   Best view of the canyon is backwards from the mountain observation car.
• Joined by the Nicola River at Spence's Bridge (Mile 72.8), railway and river seek
the lowest possible levels through Thompson Canyon, the river piling higher and higher
at its centre as the gorges close in until at Mile 87.5 the gorge graphically called the
"Jaws of Death" forces it to its greatest speed.   Six miles farther on a green granite
crest which overhangs the gorge is known as Botanie Crag.   Now the canyon widens
out and on the narrow plateau at Lytton (Mile 94.9) you get your first sight of the
Fraser River which the Thompson now joins and the Fraser Canyon begins.   Just beyond
Lytton the track, now heading due south, crosses the Fraser.
• Down through the canyon a modern highway on the site of the old Cariboo road
climbs high above the river.   Near Mile 113, where the track crosses the Salmon River,
there is a quick glimpse of the gorge through which it forced its way to join the Fraser.
Indian reservations and, here and there tiny gardens and orchards struggle for
existence on narrow benches above the river bends.
• North Bend, last divisional point before Vancouver, is noted for the railway
gardens.   The foliage of the surrounding country loses its mountain character and takes
on the rich growth characteristic of the Pacific slope.
S^fssiwiii* ' * D
NORTH  BEND   TO  VANCOUVER
(129.0      )
(Cascade Subdivision)
• Still hemmed
between mountains
but keeping as close
as possible to the
water level, the
track from North
Bend to Vancouver
has a gradient of a
little less than four
feet in a mile, f
its last eighty
miles being through
the almost level
valley of the now
navigable Fraser.
• The Fraser
Canyon west of
North Bend is well
worth an early
call in the morning.
Five and a half
miles from North
Bend the Scuzzy
River, north of the
track, enters the
Fraser. Under the
railway bridge is a
series of basins up
which salmon leap
during the spawning
season. Not far beyond, the gorges narrow into a rock
formation aptly christened "Hell Gate". Below it is the
"Devil's Washbasin", a spinning whirlpool.
Once again the rear platform of the mountain
observation car is your best vantage point.
• As the track winds its way between the canyon walls
there are many outstanding views and at Spuzzum (15.5),
once a Hudson's Bay Trading Post, luxuriant vegetation
has covered the ruins of an old suspension bridge
on which the Cariboo Road crossed the river.
Well worth seeing—and let Mile board 22
be your warning—is a giant rock (Mile 22.5)
in the middle of the river against which the Fraser rages
vainly and twists itself into eddies and backwaters.
• Five miles ahead is Yale, formerly head of navigation
on the Fraser and the start of the Cariboo Waggon road.
Built in 1862-5, thousands of miners and millions of
treasure used this four hundred mile road to the
fabulous Cariboo gold field. The last of the canyon
country is travelled in the next twenty miles with, at
Odium (Mile 41.6), a good view of the Coquihalla Canyon
through which the river of the same name pours into the
Fraser, now wide and slower-moving, its surface broken
from time to time by booms and dotted with craft ranging
from outboard-propelled fishing boats to tugs
man-handling rafts of lumber.
• Wild roses climb on any convenient hold and in
every way the scenery recedes from the stark, bare
grandeur of the mountains into a gentler domesticated
pattern. At Mile 48.0 is Ruby Creek, which owes its
The lower Fraser Canyon.
name to the garnets found in the neighbourhood.
Now you're in the heart of the fruit and dairy
lands. Close to stations along the way early morning
activities are divided between sawmills and
packing plants to which strings of trucks bring
fresh gathered crops. Agassiz (58.9) is the station
for Harrison Hot Springs and site of a government
experimental farm. Ferries serve the Chilliwack
Valley, noted for its fine dairy herds.
• From Mission (Mile 87.3), a busy centre for
fruit growing and dairy country, you can see
snow-topped Mount Baker forty miles south in
the State of Washington.
• In a few miles now, on-shore breezes reaching
inland bear the tang of the great Pacific Ocean
and at Hammond (Mile 105.1) the track leaves
the Fraser and heads northwest, to cross,
by a long bridge, the Pitt River, tide-water,
nineteen miles before reaching Vancouver.
Mile 115 is your warning to look north for the eastern
end of Burrard Inlet and the old Station of
Port Moody which was the original terminus of the
Canadian Pacific, Canada's first trans-continental
railway. Now the many activities of a busy
harbour—fishing shacks, deep-sea fishing craft,
drying nets, piers, docks and factories lead you into
Vancouver, terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, gateway to Alaska and the limitless
Pacific Ocean.
(21) CANADIAN  BOCKIES  WONDERLAND
• The Canadian Pacific has developed a holiday
wonderland amid the Canadian Rockies tailored to taste and
purse.   Within the broad confines of Dominion Government
controlled Banff and Yoho National Parks, where native flowers
and native animals are protected for your enjoyment, are
two luxury hotels and five less formal chalets and mountain
lodges.
• At Banff, a mile and a half from the Station, overlooking the
Spray and Bow Rivers is the 600 room Banff Springs Hotel, open
from mid June to mid September.   You will enjoy a spectacular
eighteen-hole golf course in the Valley of the Bow, indoor and
outdoor swimming pools, tennis courts, and, nearby, the Banff School
of Fine Arts.
• Forty miles west is Chateau Lake Louise.   Three miles from Lake
Louise Station and a thousand feet higher, this comfortable hostelry
fronts jade-green Lake Louise and enjoys the eternal but ever-changing
view of Victoria Glacier.
• Within easy reach of Lake Louise are Emerald Lake Chalet, Moraine
Lake Lodge, Lake Wapta Lodge and Yoho Valley Lodge.   Easily
accessible, on horse-back by mountain trail, is Lake O'Hara Lodge.
These informal holiday resorts, with cottage clusters centred
around main buildings, are planned for heallhful holidays and
informal attire.   There is the privacy of cottage life
for those who wish it or community enjoyment in ^^
comfortably equipped lounges.
• Yoho Valley Lodge is noted for its fine riding
country, especially the trail to the satellite Twin
Falls Chalet where guests may arrange to stay
overnight.   The other resorts, in addition to riding
and climbing, offer boating on the lakes for which
Yoho National Park—in which four are located—has
long been noted.
• Reservations can be made by your own agent or
the nearest Canadian Pacific office.
Emerald Lake with its chalet
and cottages; Lake O'Hara
Mountain Lodge and Yoho
Valley Lodge are popular
with visitors who plan informal
active holidays in the Canadian
Rockies. Mountaineering, riding and carefree evenings
around big log fires are popular in this mountain holiday-
land. • The Canadian Pacific southern route through
the Rockies follows the spectacular
Coquihalla Pass, Okanagan Lake, the Kettle Valley,
the southern reaches of the Columbia River,
Kootenay Lake, and the Crows Nest Pass to
MacLeod, Alberta, whence the main line can
be rejoined at Calgary or Medicine Hat.
• The "Kettle Valley" route, so named for an
early railway, shows another aspect of the
Canadian Rockies noted for such engineering
feats as the 3,476 foot climb up the side of the
Coquihalla Canyon from Odium to Brookmere; the
Bellfort loop; the bench-lands; magnificent
views of Okanagan Lake as you climb from
Penticton to 4,150 foot McCulloch; water-level vistas
of fast running white water, the shore of Lower
Arrow Lake—which is really the Columbia River,
Kootenay Lake, and the last big climb
to Crows Nest Pass 4,450 feet above sea level.
;;§:;?" ;■:«";. ^VWSv :f W: a--> ■ ■•:
Okanagan Lake.
VANCOUVER
Typical Rockies scenery,
•    This trans-mountain line serves a
rich mineral and orchard country,
and is the Eastern and Western
outlet for such busy centres as Trail, Nelson,
Penticton, Cranbrook, and Fernie.
Much of its spectacular quality arises
from the feats of bridge and track
engineers in the building of the line
which happily resulted in providing
a number of vantage points for the
enjoyment of breath-taking vistas.
World-travellers familiar with both
routes frequently debate their
relative merits. Perhaps you'll have
time to explore the "Kettle Valley"
on your return journey and
decide for yourself.
TO CALGARY
TO MEDICINE HAT
%\°° ■ ■;■   ■
£ w?ilf'%,ji   »•:
•    Vancouver, end of steel for
Canada's first transcontinental railway,
is Canada's gateway to the Orient
and the South Pacific. Canadian Pacific
"Empresses of the Air" fly passengers
north to the Orient, south to Hawaii,
Fiji, Australia, New Zealand.
Vancouver's golf courses, parks, fine
buildings, sea beaches and pleasant
climate attract visitors from many
countries. Fast Canadian Pacific
"Princess" liners, from piers a stone's
throw from the station, give fast day
and night service to Seattle,
Nanaimo and Victoria on pleasant
Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands,
British Columbia ports and Alaska.
VANCOUVER
SEATTLE t>
Canadian Pacific "Princesses", inner harbour, Victoria.
•    Victoria, temperate capital of
British Columbia, is the entrance
to the year-round playground of
Vancouver Island. Here The Empress,
westernmost of the Canadian Pacific
chain of hotels from sea to sea,
vine-clad, set in its own 10!/2 acre
garden facing the harbour, close to
business and shopping centres, is the
focal point of local society, headquarters
for visitors. Golf, motoring, tennis,
sailing, swimming, riding, picturesque
parks and scenic drives are the
background of a holiday life that
includes shopping for woollens,
diamonds, silverware, linens and
many other imports.
The Empress overlooks the inner harbour.
24 /   11
II II II I
« H If i
H    II II   i
The Empress Hotel, Victoria, B.C, is unique.
Ivy-covered, it stands in its own 10^ acre
gardens — in the heart of a big city.
Another sea-borne Canadian Pacific service is
performed by trim, speedy "Princess" liners
to Alaska from Vancouver all year round with
additional cruise sailings in summer.
In the air Canadian Pacific silver "Empresses"
— four-motored, spacious — span the Pacific:
Southward, Honolulu, Fiji, New Zealand,
Australia — Northward, Tokyo — Hong Kong.
SPAMS THE WORLD
Railways • Steamships
Airlines • Hotels
Communications • Express Purling rivers, lodge-pole pines and towering mountains are unforgettable memories of your trip by
Canadian Pacific through the Canadian Rockies. The Kicking Horse River between Field and Golden, B.C.
DAILY
TRANSCONTINENTAL
TRAINS    •    WESTBOUND
MONTREAL — VANCOUVER
No. 1 & No. 7
TORONTO — VANCOUVER
No. 3
ST. PAUL — VANCOUVER
THE SOO-DOMINION
THE MOUNTAINEER (July-August)
DAILY
TRANSCONTINENTAL
TRAINS    •     EASTBOUND
VANCOUVER — MONTREAL
No. 2 & No. 8
VANCOUVER — TOKONTO
No. 4
VANCOUVER — ST. PAUL
THE SOO-DOMINION
THE MOUNTAINEER (July-August)
THE WORLD'S MOST COMPLETE TRAVEL ORGANIZATION
K) 5211

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