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By train... through the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company [1950?]

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Your holiday or business trip all in one package—that's
the Canadian Pacific way!   Atlantic crossing by Empress
of Canada or Empress of France ♦.. holiday resorts
across Canada ... strategically placed cosmopolitan year-
round hotels ♦.. winter sports and summer romance in
old Quebec ... fast steamships between Vancouver-
Victoria-Seattle ... 17,000 miles of rail lines .. .Alaska
Cruises through the inside passage — Reservations arid
more facts from any Canadian Pacific office or your
own agent. • This booklet is your welcome to the Canadian Rockies, the
view-filled four hundred miles of peaks and passes, crags and canyons#
streams and cataracts that make the journey by Canadian Pacific
through the Rocky and the Selkirk Ranges one of the travel wonders
of the world.
• Running through the book you will find sketch maps of the railway,
each is complete and refers only to the same page.   The top of each
page is North, seen through right hand windows as you travel from East
to West.   Above the track will be called North, and on the right of your
train as you head towards the Pacific.   If you travel from the Pacific
eastward, then "north" will refer to the left.
• For operating reasons the railway is divided into a number of
divisions and subdivisions of varying lengths.   Progress through each
subdivision can be noted by reference to mile-boards, like this, (      123.4]
which mark distances west of subdivisional points.   Each map, and
they are sketches remember, and not exactly to scale, covers the distance
shown by the mile-boards at the top of the page.
•      Because this will be read on trains moving in each direction and on
different timetables, no times for arrivals at different locations are
used.   Where a warning of something very spectacular coming up is
given the reference is by elapsed time from the last station stop, or by
Lake Louise and Banff Springs Hotel.   Hiking, some fishing, boating and mountain
aid of Swiss guides, are common to these resorts qnd at BaflfHfjeryisi an eiaKteen hole golf-course.
•    The mountain playgrounds that extend from Banff to Emerald Lake cr*^" ~™—^rr:» :_ il.
great Banff and Yoho National Parks whei
the Canadian Government.   Other NationC
Park and MounMevelstoke
Park |n the Selkirk Mountain
The moose, "ungainly as a
horse on stilts?^ is a strong
swimmer ancr^ast runner. It
feeds in marshy lands and on
tender   shoots   of  underwater
• The building of the Canadian Pacific Railway was an epic <
endurance, ingenuity and sheer dogged determination.   Bearers^bf
names that have become great in Canadian history were familiar
figures to the shirt-sleeved, horny-handed pioneers who\ surveyed the
passes, blasted the rock cuts and pushed the steel through.   Many of
these names now identify stations or live forever in peaks, passes,
and towns along the line. >.      /
• It called for great engineering fea|s suchf as the Spiral Tunne$
between Hector and Field, the Connaught Tunnel between Stoney
Creek and Glacier, and many outitanding examples of bridge-buih
£    The Canadian Pacific RaO^wwas built primarily to pierce the/
grexjt barrier befoc|prj/the ipst/Dntanada and the Pacific coast
for economic reason\JBu|Jls^ravel developed, trv^ Canadian Pacific
realized fhe possibilities of the Canadian Rockies as an unsurpassable
holiday arecy  It buHt^l^d operates luxurious hotels at Ban$;f and
Lake Louisexis well asHe^pre^ntioy^resorts
Emerald Lak^fhj^+he Yoha-Xtolle^at
Lake O'Hara qfc^Wora1isle%ake.
mountain highwayWconnect Emerald Lake
Cfr&leT^aiad the tadgsTwlIk Chateau
VANCOUVER {       41.6)
(Laggan Subdivision)
t8L9      j
•    Morley (altitude 4078 feet) 600 feet higher than Calgary, is still foothills country.   But ahead the
peaks that form the Canadian Rockies and the passes worn by ancient and long-dead glaciers march
ever closer.   Grazing lands give way to the Stoney Indian Reserve through which the line
passes between Morley and Seebe.   The river widens at Exshaw into a pleasant lake
rv with Pigeon Mountain directly south.   Look for mallard ducks and Canada geese.  A little
^C— west of Kananaskis, norlh of the track, is the entrance to Banff National Park.
Ahead to the right is 8880 foot Grotto Mountain.
•    At Mile 62, thirty-five minutes from Morley and half-way to Banff, just befc
the track threads between a steep shoulder of the Fairholme Moun^qinsSohfthe
north and the tumbling Bow River on the south through The Gd
lookout for bighorn sheep on the steep slopes.  Southwest/
the Three Sisters, a triple-peaked mountain that poses
for many cameras. ^——-Y
North-eastward up the nc
Valley of the Bow, wait
.Fairholme Mounta'H
to the north and Moi
Rundle to the south.   B<
exceed 9800 feet in
height.  Ten minutes after
leaving Canmore Carrot
Creek, coming from the
northeast round the Fairholme7^
Mountains, leads your eye to Moi
Peechee (9625')/ Mount Girouar
■     1 A
5EEBE      A
(9875') and Mount Inglismaldie (92250.
•    Now you curve to the left and, northwest, the southern tip of Cascade Mountain (9836') is marked by
thundering cascades, like thin rivulets in the distance.  The track crosses the Cascade River, parallels it
for a few hundred yards and turns sharply southwest.  On the south Tunnel Mountain looms.  To the north,
on flat-lands at the feet of Cascade and Stoney Squaw Mountains is the National Parks Department
wild animal paddock for buffalo, rocky mountain goats and bighorn sheep.   In the evening, to the east
of the Paddock you are quite likely to see a number of bears.   Perhaps this is unromantic, but they are
probably on their way to a refuse heap where all sorts of sweet discards are an irresistible magnet.
Now get ready for a brisk walk on the platform at Banff Station—an opportunity for photographs
of Cascade, Stoney Squaw, Mount Norquay, Rundle and Sulphur Mountains.
: ■ • •  :
The Three Sisters
Mount Eisenhower I        81.9)
(Laggan Subdivision)
[122.2    )
* In the forty miles on this page the Canadian Pacific
Railway, following the lowest levels the survey party
could find, climbs only 800 feet.   But the need of
this pass is evident in the increasing number of high
peaks that thrust skyward as the Canadian Rockies
reach for their greatest heights.
• Keep a look out for Banff Springs Hotel to the
south just after you start; and moose feeding in
Vermillion Lakes north of the track in the shadow of
Sulphur Mountain.   Other wild animals you may hope
to see in this area include deer and elk, many of whom
feed close to the right of way and—in tourist season—
an occasional black bear, sometimes with her cubs,
on the lookout for "handouts" from drivers on the
Banff-Lake Louise highway.   North of Vermilion Lakes
is Mount Norquay, site of excellent ski runs.   To the
south is the Bourgeau Range.   Ten minutes from Banff
the view to the north includes Mount Edith (8380')
;Jose to the track, a huge cave known as Hole-
in which Banff Masonic Lodge has met,
iges in character as the land
jn the milky jade typical of
OTering peaks south of the track
are: Mount Bourgeau, in the distance; Massive
Mountain (7990') closer at hand and Pilot Mountain
directly south of Mile board 93.
• From this point the pass widens.   Redearth Creek
on the south and Johnston Creek west of Mount Ishbel
on the north, enter the Bow River within a mile of
each other.   Copper Mountain (9170') immediately
south of where Johnston Creek joins the Bow River,
warns you to look north for the south-eastern slopes of
Mount Eisenhower, the fortress-like mountain whose
base parallels the track for the next eight miles.
Formerly known as Castle Mountain, this tremendous
formation, battlemented like a medieval castle, was
renamed to honour General of the Army Dwight
Eisenhower, brilliant Supreme Commander of the Allied
Forces in Europe.
• Storm Mountain, five or six miles south of Mile 106,
usually lives up to its name, its 10372 foot peak often
being wreathed in clouds.   Nearby, north of the tracks,
beaver often build dams at the water's edge.
From here to Lake Louise Station, south of the track
are the many glaciers on the slopes of the Bow Range.
Tall peaks that tower above the nearer mountains
include Bident (101190/ Quadra (10420')/ snow-covered
point on the Canadian
Pacific Railway.  The
south side is still the more
spectacular as the line curves to
the left around the Beehive, Mount
St. Piran and Mount Niblock.  Mile
board 121 is a warning to look just s<
of the track for the sign, "The Great
which marks the boundary between Alberta and
British Columbia.   Beneath this sign, easily noted
as your train slows to enter Stephen, a small brook
becomes two smaller streams that find their way,
westward to the Kicking Horse River, the Columbia and the
Pacific; eastward to the Bow River and eventually Hudson's
Bay and the Atlantic.
Mount Babel (10185') and the Ten Wenkchemna Peaks that surround the
famous Valley of the Ten Peaks.   Tallest of all, four miles south of Mile 112,
is Mount Temple (11636').   To the north are Protection Mountain, Redoubt
Mountain (9520') and Ptarmigan Peak (10070').
•    The last four miles to Lake Louise show you, still to the south,
Saddle Mountain, Fairview Mountain and, seen between these two,
Sheol (9118'), Haddo (10083'), Mount Aberdeen (10350') and
Mount Victoria (11365').  Victoria's magnificent glacier
overhanging Lake Louise, and first sight to greet visitors at
Chateau Lake Louise, sheds its waters through the lake and by
way of Louise Creek to join the Bow River just before you
reach the station.   From Lake Louise Station motor roads
lead: to the Chateau, a thousand feet higher;
Moraine Lake Lodge in the Valley of the Ten Peaks;
he Columbia Icefield, eighty-five miles to the north
where the Athabaska, Dome and Saskatchewan
Glaciers combine to form 150 square miles
of ice; Lake Wapta Lodge; Yoho
Valley Lodge; Emerald Lake Chalet
^ and Field.
k ».v •    In the next six miles the
line climbs 280 feet to
reach, at Stephen,
B.C., the highest (     122.2)
(Laggan Subdivision)
• Eight and a half miles as the crow flies but fourteen
miles by the track and 1265 feet downhill lies Field,
divisional point for the mountain subdivision.   In the coming
fourteen miles—forty thrill-packed minutes—is concentrated
some of the finest scenery and the most interesting
engineering feat of the journey, the world-famous Spiral
Tunnels.   At Stephen (5339'), entrance to the Kicking
Horse Pass, are Summit and Sink Lakes.   South of the
track can be seen Popes Peak (10376'), Narao Peak, and,
at Mile 125, to the north, Wapta Lake connected with
the stream at the Great Divide by Blue Creek, the
site of Lake Wapta Lodge, a popular mountain resort,
in the shadow of Mount Bosworth and Paget Peak.
This lake is the source of the Kicking Horse River—first in
your mountain journey to flow from east to west.   South
of Lake Wapta, Cataract Brook parallels a canyon trail
that leads to Lake O'Hara Lodge beside the lake of the
same name in a valley sheltered by Wiwaxy peaks,
Mount Schaffer and Mount Odaray.   At Mile 126 are
Vanguard Peak, Cathedral Crags (10081') and Cathedral
Mountain (10464'), opposed to the north by Mount Ogden
and the lush Yoho Valley.
• Now in less than a mile, by means of two spiral
tunnels, the track reverses itself twice and drops ninety-eight
feet.   Soon after Mile 127, to the north of the track and
below it, you can see the entrance and exit to the second
tunnel from which the track continues its westward journey.
A mile and a half west the train enters the first spiral
tunnel under Cathedral Mountain and in three fifths of a
mile turns almost a complete circle and comes out headin
north-east forty-eight feet lower. The down grade cffi^n^g^
until the entrance to the second tunnel is reached . ~"\S,if
when almost another circle is made and nearly
a thousand yards later you leave the tunnel,
headed west again.   Now, look up to the
south and you'll see the track you
passed over a few minutes before.
North is another view of the Yoho
Valley, and to the south Mount
Stephen (10495').   Below, the
Kicking Horse River
makes its way along the pass.
To the north, Mount Field
and Mount Wapta border
the Yoho Valley with, beyond,
Burgess Pass and Mount
• From Field well-engineered
motor roads lead up the scenic
Yoho Valley to Yoho Valley
Mountain Lodge; and, past
the "Natural Bridge" formed
by the boring of the Kicking Horse
River through rock formations, north
through the Valley of the Emerald
River to Emerald Lake Chalet.
•    Field marks the end of a time
zone and watches are set back one
hour on the westward journey to
Pacific Time.   The train stays fifteen
minutes while competent crews
minister to the operating needs of
the locomotive and cars.   The
station platform is a vantage point
from which many successful
photographs of the surrounding
mountains are taken.
Tunnel No. 1
The pictures show better than
words can tell how alert engineers solved the grade problem on "The Big Hill". The
train in the upper picture will
shortly emerge from the portal
in the left foreground. In the
lower picture entrance, far
left, and exit, centre, to the
second tunnel show the track
(7) The specially designed
mountain observation
car is open at both
ends for photographers.
In the right background is Mount Chancellor.
W&MmmMi D
(Mountain Subdivision)
(35.0      3
• Some idea of the steep grades met as your train follows the Kicking Horse
River to its junction with the Columbia River at Golden can be gained from the fact
that in this thirty-five mile stretch the drop in altitude is 1489 feet or nearly
fifteen feet per minute of elapsed time.
• North of the track the Kicking Horse River winds its way at ever increasing
speed through rock strewn rapids and gorges, and at times sings a song loud
enough to be heard above the noise of the train.   On the mountain slopes the ever
present lodge-pole pine climbs to the timber-line with, here and there, stands of
poplar, marked at grazing level by the teeth of countless winter feeding elk.
Deer, bear, elk and moose are quite numerous in the country between Field and
Glenogle.   Best times to spot them are before nine in the morning and between four
p.m. and sundown.
• South of the track as you leave Field are Mount Dennis, Mount Duchesnay, and
to the north the broad divided valley formed by the Amiskwi River and Otterheafe
Creek.   The railway line has swung steadily to the south as the pass threads its waj
between the Van Home Range on the right and the Ottertail Range on the left.
At Mile 13 look two miles left for Mount Voux (10891') and beyond it to the glacierN
between Allan and Hanbury Peaks.   Ahead to the left is Chancellor Peak (10761'
sight left rapidly behind us, at Mile 15.3 the track turns sharply west and skirts
Beaverfoot Range to the south for several miles.
• From the rear of the mountain observation car as the train swings west ag^
look due east for Mount Goodsir, its highest tower 11686 feet and then, as the^
is completed, south through the densely wooded Beaverfoot River Valley.
• The Kicking Horse River, three miles to the south has taken a sharp bene
and races at foaming speed into the narrow lower Kicking Horse Canyon.
\\    follows the cgnyon almost to Golden and the tumbling waters create a sou
that matches in awe the twisting, turning, tumbling torrent that boils its wai
__w§Fs>w^rd.   To th£||^rthMount Hunter, a spur of the Van Home Range,
le track.   After passing Glenogle Station carefully scan the wall of the
ide, where, soon after Mile board 29, the "Old Man of the
Five hundred
I of the Cloister sidinc
Mountain", an interlj
shows high on the canyc
above the rails, at the ..
(Mile 31.7) is the highway.   From the train this mountc
road looks as if it were supported on stilts.   In the distan
north of the track as your train slows to enter Golde
Moberly Peak, and on the south the canyon winds <
Valley of the Columbia.
t/rWQ9l r
j r ' t        n
For nearly thirty miles the Canadian Pacific Railwa
now follows the Columbia River by taking advantage
fairly broad and fertile valley that the mighty river has
created for itself extending around the northern spur of the
Dogtooth Mountains.
•    A picturesque sight on the north side of the track, just beyond
the outskirts of Golden, is Edelweiss, a village of typical chalets
built by the Canadian Pacific for the Swiss guides employed by the
company for mountain climbers.   Frequent sharp spurs of the Van
Home Range on the right and the Dogtooth Mountains on the left give
rise to a succession of fast running, picturesque creeks and rivers, the
largest of which is the Blaeberry, which joins the Columbia just west of
Mile 44.   To the north is Willowbank Mountain, soon after which the line
swings west again, crossing the Columbia at Mile 52, half a mile west of
Donald and entering a spectacular canyon where it parallels the Columbi
to Beavermouth, Mile 63, named for the junction of the Beaver and Columk ^
Rivers.   The level country between Golden and Beavermouth is home to large
numbers of deer and moose.   But it takes a keen observer to spot them throuj
the heavy growth.
Now the Columbia fights its way north in the magnificent "Big Bend"
and forces its way through the Selkirks.   We will see it again at Revelstoke.
The Canadian Pacific crosses the Beaver River a mile and a half west of
Beavermouth with the first peak of the Selkirks, Cupola Mountain (8678'),
due north and again follows a sharply defined narrow valley south-westerly
to Rogers, Mile 67.8.
(10 Deer, with antlers "in the velvet" are frequently seen from the train as you travel the Canadian Pacific way through the mountains. The
buffalo or, to be more exact, North America
Bison, is protected by the Government in the
animal paddock at Banff. Rocky mountain
sheep occasionally stray near the right of way,
but sight of them from a moving train is a
somewhat rare prize — guests of Banff Springs
Hotel and Chateau Lake Louise seek them at
Lake Minnewanka and on the moraine of Victoria Glacier. Large antlered Elk are quite
common beside the track between Banff and
Lake Louise and it is in this same area, too,
that black bear can be spotted. Natural comedians, and always hungry for sweet things,
bears often beg on the motor road from Banff
to Lake Louise.
When cubs are involved, as in this picture,
mother keeps a keen eye on the traffic.
(ii) Ho*
Caoa^n lNNeenNV
C^ea°:      out**
change ^Spr,ogsVAo
Cbatea^UVt ^;iS^^ii8H^
.  .   ■   ■■ ■    ■     . .    ■■        .:■■■:>■
For your memory book
here are five reminders
of your Canadian Pacific transcontinental
train journey through
the Canadian Rockies.
Top: Mount Edith and
the Kicking Horse Canyon. Centre: one of
the Vermilion Lakes
with cloud wreathed
Mount Rundle in the
background; a broad
reach of the tumbling
Bow River and Mount
Temple. Lower: The
Banff — Lake Louise
highway, like the railway, follows the Bow
River. The wide peak is
picturesquely called
Massive Mountain.
(14) (       67.8)
(Mountain Subdivision)
• From Rogers the line climbs again, this time to cross
the Selkirks, next of the mountain barriers.   In the eighteen
miles covered in the map on this page, the track follows,
at ever-increasing heights, the Valley of the Beaver River,
seen through left-hand windows. Wide flats and dead
forests tell of long-gone inundations. To the right, as the
train skirts the lower slopes of Mount Rogers (10,525'),
steep, tree-covered slopes march down to the valley.
• Two mountain cascades, crossed between Mile 76
and Stoney Creek Station, are spectacular.   Pouring
down the mountainside, Surprise Creek, no bigger at its
greatest visible height than a pencilled line, cuts its way
through a gorge spanned by a truss bridge and
splashes, noisily and picturesquely in a foaming cascade
to the river bed 170 feet below.
• The bridge crossing Stoney Creek, almost a twin
brother of Surprise, presented a stiff engineering
problem.   Here, the steep sides of the gulch through
which the torrent speeds, drop 270 feet below the track
level.  The contour of the land calls for a curve at the
western end of the bridge and, to cross the Stoney, it
was necessary to build an arch bridge, the western end
of which is slightly curved.  Although not thought of as
such in the engineers' plans, this unusual structure is an
ideal site for photographs, the curve of the train enabling
it to be shown in pictures shot from the open observation
car in the rear.
• Three miles west, at Mile 80.2, an even greater problem
faced the engineers who built the line.   Mount Macdonald
(9492') was in the way, its peak more than a mile above the
track level.   To avoid it the first line was built through Rogers
Pass, compelling a climb of five hundred feet in five miles and
needing, for its protection from slides, more than four and a half
miles of snow sheds, some of which and the piers of old bridges can
be seen to the north.   In 1916, by the boring of the Connaught Tunnel
which we are now about to enter—the climb was cut in half, the
distance was shortened by four and a third miles and curves equal
to seven circles were done away with.
• A mile of solid rock is the roof of Connaught Tunnel, which
is of concrete construction, twenty-nine feet wide and twenty-one
and a half feet high.   Fresh air is forced through by giant
ventilating fans at the western end.   Just before entering the
tunnel your train moves to the left, by automatic switch to
the double-tracks that pierce the mighty mountain.   This J
gives the engineer a full view of both tracks which climb
fifty-two feet in each mile. The picture, top left, of the eastern portal of fhe five-mile
long Connaught Tunnel, justifies the statement that the roof
is "a mile of solid rock". To the right is picturesque Eagle
Pass, photographed from Mount Revelstoke.
Oil-burning "5924", a 365Vi ton, 2-10-4 road giant,
emerges from the western portal of Connaught Tunnel,
lower right. Windows at the left light the tunnel's engine-
room where power is generated to run the giant fans of the
ventilating system.
Albert Canyon, a deep narrow fissure, is wreathed in ferns
and evergreen. 150 feet below the lllecillewaet River rushes
madly westward. CUED
(Mountain Subdivision)
I '25.7     j
• No matter how much the rugged scenery at the
entrance to Connaught Tunnel should have prepared
you, the return to daylight as you leave the tunnel
at Glacier is always a challenge to the senses with
its magnificent panorama of peaks, precipices and
glaciers.   South and east of the station—you will
have to crane your neck—look up the valley for the
lllecillewaet Glacier, outlet for the lllecillewaet
snow field, forcing its way between Lookout
Mountain and Perley Peak.   Beyond, thrusting its
peak 10,618 feet into the blue, is Mount Sir Donald.
• A mile from the station up the slope of Mount
Abbott to the south, ruined piers of an old bridge
show where the Rogers Pass line crossed Loop Brook
before the tunnel was bored.   Glacier is the station
for Glacier National Park, 521 square miles in area
in which a number of challenging peaks are still
unclimbed.   Between Glacier and Albert Canyon
you may spot mountain goats and sheep just below
the snow line and travellers carrying binoculars
should look on the slides and burns for grizzly bear
in this district.
•    The level drops nearly twenty-three hundred
feet in the forty-mile run to Revelstoke, a fact
well-illustrated by the speedy, foaming waters of
the lllecillewaet River whose head-long rush parallels
the Canadian Pacific most of the way.   North and
south of Mile 88 are Cougar Mountain and Ross
Peak.   Southward Mount Green (8870') marks the
western boundary of the Valley of Flat Creek which
opens a vista to the south at Mile 93.2.   A mile
farther on snow sheds and tunnels testify to the
engineering difficulties overcome when the line was
put through.   Thirteen crossings of the lllecillewaet
River are made between Glacier and Revelstoke.
The track is hemmed in by wooded slopes as the
canyons narrow and the river often becomes a
hissing cauldron between the rock walls.
• Watch for Mile board 104, for within the next mile Albert Canyon, a narrow
hundred and fifty foot gorge through which the river is forced, parallels the rails
to the north. The slow passage of the train gives you a chance to see this fern-
wreathed gorge.   To the south lies the Albert snowfield and near Mile 109 its
tip may be seen on the east slope of Albert Peak 10,008 feet high.   ^^^ju/z/ig
north, bounded on the east by Woolsey Creek, lies Mount Revelstoke y>
the National Park of the same name and, southward, as the valleyv
widens out, at Mile 115, is Twin Butte.
• Ahead lies the Columbia River, back from its northern jourrj
of 151 miles, around the Big Bend, and the mouth of the
llecillewaet, which, in its final rush to reach the broader/
stream, pours through rocky Box Canyon (^\ile 1%$)$)^
turns the turbines that light up Revelstoke,
way more peacefully to its junction with the]
• You have twenty minutes to stretch yourjj
and enjoy the view at Revelstoke while the
G L\AC ! E R^
^flnaintenance staff thoroughly checks your
iV train.   Don't miss the station gardens, a
bank of lovely flowers, and an exhibition
Kiosk which is a key to the area.   At the
eastern end of the station-building a
(ALBERTPK H^ l$^       miniature Dutch windmill decorates
JJJj/ODOQ   w^A/^        a prosaic water hydrant.   Every
(ff/(^ season this windmill serves as a
•BUTTE?--^^ background for personal photographs.
(17) D
(Shuswap Subdivision)
(44.7      )
• The Selkirks are behind us but we have still to traverse the Monashee System.
A mile west of Revelstoke the track crosses the Columbia River and to the south, visible
for the next mile, are Mount Begbie and Mount Macpherson. Mount Revelstoke still
commands the northern view.  The Canadian Pacific follows the Tonkawatla River
through Eagle Pass to Three Valley Lake, then the Eagle River.   North of the track
the western slopes of the Gold Range rise to seven thousand feet.   At mile 8.5 you
skirt Summit Lake using three short tunnels through the mountain spurs.   The downward
slope now is gradual—only three hundred and forty feet in forty-five miles—but the
incidence of rivers and canyons is still apparent.   From Three Valley Lake (Mile 14.6)
the railway skirts the slopes, first one side, then the other. To the south is Mount Griffin
(7075'), of the Hunter Range, and, near Mile 22, beautiful Kay Falls.
• The line, still following the Eagle River, now heads southwestward between the
Shuswap and Hunters Ranges to reach, at Craigellachie (Mile 28.3), the historic spot
where the last spike was driven November 7, 1885, when eastern and western portions
of rhe line met and Canada's first transcontinental railway became a fact.   A simple
cairn north of the track marks the spot.
• Now the character of the land changes, the valley widens out and small farms
prove that we are on the Pacific slope where the gentler breezes and temperate
climate stimulate a more lush growth.   The Eagle River empties into Shuswap Lake at
Sicamous, a favourite starting point for trout fishermen and junction for the fruit growing
Okanagan Valley,
5 Vernon,
id Penticton
8V2 miles west of Revelstoke
is lovely Summit Lake, its steep
north shore pierced by three
tunnels through which your train
(18) (Shuswap Subdivision)
• In the summer months evening and early morning bring you to the level track that
skirts the south shore of Salmon Arm in the section from Sicamous to Tappen (Mile 70.6).
This long arm of Shuswap Lake, reservoir of the Thompson River, first met at Sicamous,
reflects low hills and green rolling countryside in its still waters.   Averaging half a mile
in width, Salmon Arm is a feeding ground for wild duck and a favourite holiday spot
for residents of Pacific coast cities.
• From Tappen the line runs north, paralleling White Creek for four miles and then
turns west at the foot of Mount Hilliam, Black Mountain and Squilax Mountain.
To the north, gently rolling lands slope gradually down to the main body of Shuswap
Lake which is said to contain more varieties of trout and other fish—including steel-head
salmon trout and salmon from the Pacific returning to spawn—than any other fresh
water in British Columbia.
19 I(       83.9)
(Shuswap Subdivision)
(128.8     )
• At Mileage 84 the western tip of Shuswap Lake narrows to enter Little Shuswap
Lake a mile west of Squilax (87.5). The high land to the south, Ptarmigan Hills,
is much gentler in appearance than were the mountains of the rockies, the
Selkirks and the Monashee Ranges.   Now, the track dips less than three
hundred feet in the forty-five miles covered in this map as it parallels the
South Thompson River, born in the Shuswap Lake System. The Shuswap
Lake area, more densely populated than any territory we have
passed through so far, is a prosperous fruit and mixed farming belt,
• Between mileage 126 and Kamloops sites of semi-subterranean
pre-historic Indian houses have been discovered between the
Canadian Pacific transcontinental line and the South Thompson Rlj
• Kamloops, the divisional point that ends the map on
thisvpage^nriarjks the junction of the North Thompson and
South Thompson Rivers.   The main stream flows west through
Camloops Lake out of which empties the Thompson River.
Popular with passengers during the ten minutes stop are the
tion gardens on the south side.   North lies the Valley of th
North Thompson.   Many lakes and streams in this district are
well-stocked with game trout.  You will see many irrigated
and broad cattle ranches and this countryside also contains^
copper and base metal mines.
Orchard and farm lands replace the rugged beauty of the
Canadian Rockies as you follow the South Thompson River
westward from Kamloops. D
(Thompson Subdivision)
(121.5   ~1
• In the hundred and twenty-five miles between Kamloops and North Bend further
evidence of the journey down the long slope to the Pacific lies in the gentle down grade
which lowers the track level from 1159 feet above sea level at Kamloops to 493 feet
at North Bend.  As may be expected, industry, changing from the occasional saw-mills
which have been seen from time to time, now takes on a sterner appearance. At Mile 11,
north of the track across the narrow lake, Battle Bluff, marked with a red-painted
reminder, calls locally to mind fierce Indian tribal struggles of the past.
• A series of tunnels between Mile 8.5 and Savona (Mile 25.2), testifies to the
engineering difficulties encountered in building the line.  At Ashcroft, Mile 47.3, sidings
and loading platforms handle cattle and sheep, fruit and vegetables—particularly
potatoes, where once prospectors and miners of the Cariboo gold fields passed.
From Ashcroft the line turns almost due south and at Mile 52.5 passes through Black
Canyon where the Thompson, squeezed by rock formations, turns into roaring white
waters.   Best view of the canyon is backwards from the mountain observation car.
• Joined by the Nicola River at Spence's Bridge (Mile 72.8), railway and river seek
the lowest possible levels through Thompson Canyon, the river piling higher and higher
at its centre as the gorges close in until at Mile 87.5 the gorge graphically called the
"Jaws of Death" forces it to its greatest speed.  Six miles farther on a green granite
crest which overhangs the gorge is known as Botanie Crag.   Now the canyon widens
out and on the narrow plateau at Lytton (Mile 94.9) you get your first sight of the
Fraser River which the Thompson now joins and the Fraser Canyon begins.  Just beyond
Lytton the track, now heading due south, crosses the Fraser.
• Down through the canyon a modern highway on the site of the old Cariboo road
climbs high above the river.   Near Mile 113, where the track crosses the Salmon River,
there is a quick glimpse of the gorge through which it forced its way to join the Fraser.
Indian reservations and, here and there tiny gardens and orchards struggle for
existence on narrow benches above the river bends.
• North Bend, last divisional point before Vancouver, is noted for the railway
gardens.   The foliage of the surrounding country loses its mountain character and takes
on the rich growth characteristic of the Pacific slope.
■' .   •'        ■ ' ■    '      ' . ;■■■:.       ■ ' ..:■... .' ''.■•■''   ,"      ;:;;■;■
A scene in the Fraser Canyon,
White waters in the "Jaws of Death",
(21) 2)
(Cascade Subdivision)
(129,0     )
• Still hemmed between mountains but keeping as close
as possible to the water level, the track from North Bend
to Vancouver has a gradient of a little less than four feet
in a mile, its last eighty miles being through the almost
level valley of the now navigable Fraser.
• The Fraser Canyon west of North Bend is well worth
an early call in the morning.   Five and a half miles from
North Bend the Scuzzy River, north of the track, enters
the Fraser.   Under the railway bridge is a series of basins
up which salmon leap during the spawning season.
Beyond, at Mile 74.8, gorges narrow into a rock formation
aptly christened "Hell Gate".   Below it is the "Devil's
Washbasin", a spinning whirlpool.   Once again the rear
platform of the mountain observation car is your best
vantage point.
• As the track winds its way between the canyon walls
there are many outstanding views and at Spuzzum (15.5),
once a Hudson's Bay Trading Post, luxuriant vegetation
has covered the ruins of an old suspension bridge on
which the Cariboo Road crossed the river.   Well worth
seeing—and let Mile board 22 be your warning—is a
giant rock (Mile 22.5) in the middle of the river against
which the Fraser rages vainly and twists itself into eddies
and backwaters.
• Five miles ahead is Yale, formerly head of navigation
on the Fraser and the start of the Cariboo Waggon road.
Built in 1862-5, thousands of miners and millions of
treasure used this four hundred mile road to the fabulous
Cariboo gold field.  The last of the canyon country is
travelled in the next twenty miles with, at Odium (Mile 41.6),
a good view of the Coquihalla Canyon through which the
river of the same name pours into the Fraser, now wide and
slower-moving, its surface broken from time to time by
booms and dotted with craft ranging from outboard-
propelled fishing boats to tugs man-handling rafts of lumber.
• Wild roses climb on any convenient hold and in every
way the scenery recedes from the stark, bare grandeur
of the mountains into a gentler domesticated pattern.
At Mile 48.0 is Ruby Creek, which owes its name to the
The lower Fraser Canyon.
garnets found in the neighbourhood.   Now
you're in the heart of the fruit and dairy
lands.   Close to stations along the way early
morning activities are divided between sawmills and packing plants to which strings of
trucks bring fresh gathered crops.  Agassiz
(58.9) is the station for Harrison Hot Springs
and site of a government experimental farm.
Ferries serve the Chilliwack Valley, noted for
its fine dairy herds.
• Mission (Mile 87.3), a busy centre for fruit
growing and dairy country, was one of the
earliest settlements in British Columbia.   From
Mission you can see snow-topped Mount Baker
forty miles south in the State of Washington.
• In a few miles now, on-shore breezes
reaching inland bear the tang of the great
Pacific Ocean and at Hammond (Mile 105.1)
the track leaves the Fraser and heads
northwest, to cross, by a long bridge, the Pitt
River, tide-water, nineteen miles before
reaching Vancouver.  Mile 115 is your warning
to look north for the western end of Burrard
Inlet and the old Station of Port Moody which
was the original terminus of the Canadian
Pacific, Canada's first trans-continental railway.
Now the many activities of a busy harbour are
apparent and beneath your window fishing
shacks, deep-sea fishing craft, drying nets,
piers, docks and factories lead you into
Vancouver, with its huge deep water harbour,
terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway and
gateway to Alaska and the limitless Pacific Ocean.
Fish ladders built where the
Fraser pours through "Hell
Gate" into the "Devil's Washbasin" permit salmon to make
their way upstream to spawn in
the fresh waters where they
• The Canadian Pacific has developed a holiday
wonderland amid the Canadian Rockies tailored to taste and
purse.   Within the broad confines of Dominion Government
controlled Banff and Yoho National Parks, where native flowers
and native animals are protected for your enjoyment, are
two luxury hotels and five less formal chalets and mountain
lodges. f^31
• At Banff, a mile and a half from the Station, overlooking the       ^jgj
Spray and Bow Rivers is the 600 room Banff Springs Hotel, open
from mid June to mid September.   You will enjoy a spectacular
eighteen-hole golf course in the Valley of the Bow, indoor and k
outdoor swimming pools, tennis courts, and, nearby, the Banff School
of Fine Arts.
• Forty miles west is Chateau Lake Louise.   Three miles from Lake
Louise Station and a thousand feet higher, this comfortable hostelry
fronts jade-green Lake Louise and enjoys the eternal but ever-changing
view of Victoria Glacier.
• Within easy reach of Lake Louise are Emerald Lake Chalet, Moraine
Lake Lodge, Lake Wapta Lodge and Yoho Valley Lodge.   Easily
accessible, on horse-back by mountain trail, is Lake O'Hara Lodge.
These informal holiday resorts, with cottage clusters centred
around main buildings, are planned for healthful holidays and
informal attire.   There is the privacy of cottage life
for those who wish it or community enjoyment in ^^Uk
comfortably equipped lounges.
• Yoho Valley Lodge is noted for its fine riding
country, especially the trail to the satellite Twin
Falls Chalet where guests may arrange to stay
overnight.   The other resorts, in addition to riding
and climbing, offer boating on the lakes for which
Yoho National Park—in which all are located—has
long been noted.
• Reservations can be made by your own agent or
the nearest Canadian Pacific office.
Emerald Lake with its chalet
and cottages; Lake O'Hara
Mountain Lodge and Yoho
Valley Lodge are popular
with visitors who plan informal
active holidays in the Canadian
Rockies. Mountaineering, riding and carefree evenings
around big log fires are popular in this mountain holiday-
land. Moraine Lake, green as an emperor's jade, mirrors in its still
waters a circle of ten mountain
peaks. This lovely scene, typical of the Canadian Rockies,
was photographed from Moraine Lake Lodge, a cottage
colony eight miles by road
from Chateau Lake Louise.
(24) assail	
/ Wj
ay *
m  *   *   -•   *
Busy Vancouver ... the tall trees of Stanley
Park . . . English Bay . . . Kirsilano Beach . . .
Lions' Gate Bridge . . . Capilano Canyon . . .
Hotel Vancouver . . . Golf . . . Sailing . „ .
Fishing . . . Skiing . . . Canadian Pacific Princess
liners to Seattle and Victoria . . . scenic by
day . . . time-saving by night . . .
Temperate Victoria . . . garden-filled . . . English
as a "County Town" . . . year-round golf . . .
riding . . . Empress Hotel . . . Oak Bay . . .
Butchart's gardens . . . Beacon Hill Park ... all
yours by Canadian Pacific!
Alaska Cruise
Fast, comfortable Princess liners . . .
through the sheltered Inside Passage . .
the comfortable way to Alaska ... for
business or pleasure . . . or . . . for
speed Fly C.P.A. . . . reservations and
more facts from Canadian Pacific or
your own travel agent.
'viBfc &                                                                                 DAILY
&                         ^^                            TRANSCONTINENTAL TRAINS
m, "
k                                                                           WESTBOUND
No. 1  & No. 7
^^                                                                                                                     _^^.;..
No. 3
^L      .  ■
m                        THE SOO-DOMINION
j|l             THE MOUNTAINEER (J«/y-Augusf)
1L                                   3a
'■    :   ■
^    W-C ..-■   :%S V';Mr>-^
;•';?■#"'                /psfflfP*                                                             --"'                                ^      "'        ";';;; V             ..._.:/                       ~     ■   i«'*r^
vf   -'^                                                                                               .■,,,^,^---i--"""'^                         '                                                                           ^
c,'!l           •""                                                          i-~:-'
X             .     ;.         *    l
*.*Tf   I" ^   "* K J* j   *   \JT I
DAILY                           V
EASTBOUND                         «
VANCOUVER — MONTREAL                                 1
•,*efs»     -Vie*     *\c.W*ny
r5»^ *                         It
No. 2 & No. 8
No. 4
ER (July-August)


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