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Bungalow camps in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1930

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ANADIAN      R  O  C  K I   E  S BUNGALOW   GAMPS
IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
Wapta Camp—Overlooking beautiful Lake Wapta, just west of
the Great Divide. Fishing, boating, centre for Alpine climbing, drives,
pony rides and hikes to Lake O'Hara, the Yoho Valley, the Kicking Horse
Canyon, etc.
Postal Address, Wapta Bungalow Camp, Hector, B.C.
Lake O'Hara Camp—This Alpine lake, of exquisite coloring and
charm, is a splendid climbing, riding, boating and walking centre. Excursions to Lake McArthur and Lake Oesa, or over Abbot Pass to Lake Louise.
Postal Address, Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp, Hector, B.C.
Yoho Valley Camp—At the most delightful location in Yoho
Valley, facing Takakkaw Falls. Excursions to the upper valley or over
Yoho Pass to Emerald Lake.    Hiking, climbing, riding.
Postal Address, Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp, Field, B.C.
Moraine Lake Camp—At the head of the Valley of the Ten
Peaks. Good trout fishing, climbing, riding and hiking to Consolation
Lakes, Paradise Valley, Wenkchemna Pass, etc.   (Open June 1-Sept. 30.)
Postal Address, Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp, Lake Louise, Alta.
Castle Mountain Camp—On the Banff-Windermere automobile
highway, the most spectacular automobile road in America. Wonderful
panoramic views of Castle Mountain and other peaks. Hiking, motoring,
fishing, climbing.
Postal Address, Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp, Post Office, Banff, Alta.
Radium Hot Springs Camp—Second stop on the Banff-Windermere Road. Swimming in Radium Hot Springs Pool, hiking, fishing and
climbing.   Wonderful views of the Selkirks.
Postal Address, Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp, Radium Hot Springs, B.C.
Mount Assiniboine Camp—Two-day's trail ride from Banff
(35 miles), stopping overnight at half-way cabin.   (Open July 1-Aug. 31.)
The above camps are open (except where otherwise stated, and subject
to road conditions) from June 15th to September 15th. Rates $5.50 per
day, American plan. Information how to reach these camps, and the
accommodation at each, is found on later pages, under each separate camp. 'f3<t?
THE CAJiADIATi ROCKIES, which interpose their giant barrier
between the prairies and the Pacific Coast, comprise the most
wonderful mountain region in the world. Nearly seven hundred peaks
of 6,ooo feet or over in height—lovely mountain lakes, swift rivers,
silent primeval forests, glistening glaciers, extensive national parks,
hundreds of miles of roads and good trails, climbing, fishing, riding,
hiking and motoring—these are some of the attractions that they
offer.
At seven points in the Canadian Rockies are Bungalow Camps,
making a special appeal to the trail-rider, the hiker and the climber.
A Bungalow Camp consists of a cluster of buildings of log or other
wooden construction, the principal one being the dining-room and
social centre, the others individual sleeping cabins of various sises.
These Bungalow Camps—which are supplemented by many outlying
lodges, tea and rest houses conveniently spaced—combine comfort,
simplicity, and good food with moderate charges—and always they
have the background of magnificent Nature.
Printed in Canada—1930
Page One Yoho National Park
Yoho National Park, with an area of 476 square miles, lies just
west of the Great Divide on the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains. It is a region of charm and winsome beauty, of giant mountains
and primeval forests, of rushing rivers and sapphire-like lakes. Its
principal river is the Kicking Horse, with the Ottertail and Yoho as
main tributaries: its chief lakes are Emerald, Wapta, McArthur, O'Hara
and Sherbrooke. The Yoho Valley (with its great glacier, Twin Falls
and Takakkaw Falls,) Emerald Lake, Burgess Pass, Lake O'Hara and
Lake McArthur are amongst the chief scenic features.
Three bungalow camps are situated in Yoho National Park. Linked
together as they are by good motor roads or trails, and supplemented
by lodges, tea and rest houses, they make one of the most delightful
circle tours of the entire Rockies.
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
Eleven miles from Field Station by road. Thirteen miles from Wapta Camp by road. Also
reached by trail or road from Emerald Lake.   Accommodation for 44.
Wapta Bungalow Camp
Close to Hector Station.   Also reached by road from Field (8 miles), Lake Louise (8 miles), or
Yoho Camp (13 miles). Accommodation for 55.
Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
Eight miles south of Hector Station, by trail. Also reached from Lake Louise over Abbot Pass,
or by trail from Field.    Accommodation for 34.
Kicking Horse Canyon Tea House Natural Bridge Tea House
Between Wapta Lake and Field—Meals only. Between Field and Emerald Lake—Accommo'
dation for 4.
Summit Lake Rest House Twin Falls Lodge
Between Yoho Valley and Emerald Lake. In the Upper Yoho Valley.
No meals. Accommodation for 8.
Abbot Pass Alpine Hut Plain of Six Glaciers Tea House
Between Lake O'Hara and Lake Louise. Between Abbot Pass and Lakes in the Clouds.
Sleeping accommodation for 20—no meals. Sleeping accommodation for 4—Meals served.
All trains stop at Field. At Hector (12 miles east) most trains stop
(See time-tables.)
OTHER CENTRES OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
Banff Springs Hotel Chateau Lake Louise
Emerald Lake Chalet Hotel Sicamous
Page Two YOHO^NSttXEY CAMP
THE derivation of Yoho is from an Indian
ejaculation of astonishment or wonder.
"YoHo!" say the Crees, when they come
suddenly upon anything that amazes them.
The Stoney Indians say it thus: "YO'hor; and in
all this valley, for white visitors of tO'day, it is
either a case of "Yo'hor or of simply the silence
that comes from lack of knowing how to voice their
admiration.
Field, on the main line of the Canadian Pacific,
is the detraining place. There, under the great
hump of Mount Stephen and the crags of Mount
Burgess, the motor cars await to take us up to the
camp. With their whistling honk they speed away
across the Kicking Horse River, either left to
Emerald Lake, or right to the Yoho Bungalow Camp.
Along the Kicking Horse
As the car runs east along the river side it is worth
while to look up at the crags of Mount Stephen
opposite. By careful scrutiny of some of the appar'
ent natural cavities in these high cliffs, you will
discern timbers. These holes are actually the en'
trances to tunnels of the Monarch Mine. The bin to
hold the ore, so steep is the face of the mountain
there, is like an eagle's eyrie clamped to the rock
front. Even as we are looking up at it, the car
swings away into a valley, down which Yoho pours
its waters to the Kicking Horse River.
If you are smoking, don't toss your cigarette end
lightly out. Here you are at the gateway of an
earthly paradise. Remember the Scripture which
sayeth: "Behold how great a matter a small fire
kindleth.'"   These tall trees must never become a
bonfire. The smell of the place is what chiefly
enchants us at the beginning. Newly out of the
railway cars, we breathe deep of the rich odor of
the woods, the blent aroma of balsam and spruce; we
rush through scent, robust, invigorating scent, that
fills our lungs. Yoho foams below us, and the road
twists and mounts through that pervading odor and
the green dusk of the forests.
Yoho Camp
There are summer vacation resorts at which,
though to be sure we exchange town for country,
the summer heat still pursues us. One of the great
charms of the Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp is that
it is never too hot to sleep refreshingly there. At
its altitude we have all the sun of summer days;
but we have comfortable nights. The camp, con'
sisting of a community house and surrounding
bungalows, is perched in a meadow facing Tak'
akkaw, the stream that comes down from the Daly
Glacier, very much like a falling of those rockets
called Golden Rain.
In the community house are the dining room,
lounge room and sun porch. The lounge room is
most comfortably furnished and is decorated with
Indian accoutrements, pictures of western life and
many fine trophies of mountain game. A most
attractive fireplace adds warmth and comfort to this
charming room. Illustrated talks on the mountains
are usually given twice a week and are a means of
bringing the uninitiated in closer touch with nature.
In front of the lounge room is a cheerful, glassed'in
sun porch, offering a fine view of the ice fields to
the north and also of the tremendous cataract of
Page Three Near the Summit of Burgess Pass
the Takakkaw. The sun porch also boasts of a fire
place, and, as in the lounge room, the native stone
of the chimney is further made interesting by inlays
of galena ore from the Monarch Mine on Mount
Stephen and also by trilobites from the Mount
Stephen and Burgess Pass fossil beds—a sort of
register of the visitors to this district millions of
years before the tourist of today found the charm
of Yoho.
The bungalows, in a semicircle, are dotted round
the community house, each with its simple neces'
sities for those going into the mountains. In the
middle of the cleared space before them is a small
tablet to Tom Wilson, the original trail maker of
these parts, who found (that is, as far as whites are
concerned, for it was an Indian who led him there)
the Lake of Little Fishes, now called Lake Louise,
and then, over the ridge behind us, Emerald Lake,
in 1882. Not so long ago, that, as the centuries go!
Just a moment ago, in a sense! The automobile
comes now to Yoho Valley Camp where Tom
Wilson came, afoot, by a dim Indian trail, or no
trail at all. Otherwise all is as he saw it. Takak'
kaw roars, as he heard it roar, out of a notch in the
cliffs below the Daly Glacier, into a sweep of rock
up there like a colossal font stone, and then overflows
even as he (the Cortes of these parts) saw it—wind'
plucked foam.
Takakkaw Falls
As one sits on the verandah of the community
house, lulled rather than at all troubled in spirit by
that wind'borne rumble, there come at irregular
intervals harsher notes in the flow of sound. These
are rocks brought down by Takakkaw and dropped
into that high cupped projection of the cliff that is
like a stupendous font. At times there comes
another accent in the orchestration, sometimes so
high and crashing as to seem like the first of a peal of
thunder, sometimes less thunderous and distin
guishable promptly for what it is, crashing, splitting,
and with a kind of vast tinkling as of ice in a thou'
sand'fold tumbler; for it is of ice, thawed away from
the forefoot of the glacier that lies there invisible
above, of ice chunks washed down in the flow,
dropped in the great cup and tossed to and fro there
into shattered atoms.
After supper one may stroll over by the little
path for a nearer survey of that gauzy, billowing
foam. At once one is in virgin forest. Bungalow
camps might be leagues away. The path leads up
on a hump of woods, drops to the river side, and
leads across a foot'bridge to where the last spray of
the falls drifts ceaselessly in the air.
Close to Camp
It is an ideal place, this Yoho Bungalow Camp,
for both riders and hikers. About a couple of miles
along on the road northward we can turn aside to the
left and see the Point Lace Falls. Not as high as
Takakkaw, they yet have their beauty. One may
weary of the multitude of Bridal Veils in the Rockies
and wonder that those who name places have no
brighter wit than to see so many foaming falls as
bridal veils; but Point Lace Falls is otherwise. The
name is apt, not banal, for that filigree of foam on
a cliff face. Only a few feet farther upon the main
road, to the right, a trail leads away a mere hundred
Page Four Page Five During the past few years a very comprehensive programme of road construction
.ia^ been carried on by the National Parks Branch of the Canadian Government, and
has resulted in all of the Bungalow Camps (except Lake O'Hara) and most of the Lodges
and Tea Houses being linked up together by good motor-roads.
The principal road is now that which runs, under various names, from Banff to
Golden, a distance of 118 miles. Along it are situated Banff Springs Hotel, the Chateau
Lake Louise, Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp (on a short branch), Wapta Bungalow
Camp, Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp, Natural Bridge Tea House, Kicking Horse Tea
House, Field, and Emerald Lake Chalet.
Another excellent road is the Banff-Winder'
mere Road, the same as the foregoing as far as Castle
Mountain, and turning southwesterly to Lake
Windermere. (See page 32).
From Golden the Columbia River Highway runs
to Lake Windermere and Cranbrook, connecting
with points south, east and west.
A complete circle trip through the most mag'
nificent scenery of the Canadian Rockies, from
any point back to the starting place without once
traversing the same ground, is thus possible. The
Bungalow Camps en route offer convenient sleeping
or dining accommodation.
yards, to other falls, called Angels1 Stairs. They
come zigzagging down from high cliffs, the last
bastions of the Daly Glacier, again with that oddly
leisurely aspect of so many precipitous waters.
Easy Strolls
All these are close to camp, and can be visited
between breakfast and lunch. Then in the after
noon one may stroll a mile up the trail on the moun'
tain immediately behind the camp, take the first
tributary trail to the left, and experience, less than a
mile farther on, the quiet of Hidden Lakes. There
they lie, utterly whelmed round by the woods,
mirroring the still trees. Not a sound but the fitting
call of a whisky'jack, as whites have contorted the
Indian name of the bird wiss-\ajan. Its lonely call
seems a part of all the old serenity of that place.
The great affairs at Yoho are the rides. Past the
bend of the road, where one turns aside for Tak'
akkaw Falls, or beyond the Takakkaw Cabins,
across the broad shingle of a creek that in summer
time is shrunken to a series of little creeks brawling
through the shingle, we begin to mount into
precipitous forests and into a great quiet, as if the
quiet of cathedrals had somehow been brought into
the open air.
On the Trail
There is a sense of immortal ease among that big
timber where the cariboo moss hangs its tassels from
the branches. The ponies' hoofs fall almost with'
out a sound on the ribbon of old loam or fallen
cones and needles that is the trail. The trail winds
on through the green old peace and brings us to the
end of Duchesnay Lake.
People are apt to talk of tropic color, as though
the tropics had a monopoly of color; but here al'
ready, even before we come to the flower covered
upland meadows, we have it. In high summer here,
the skies are wontedly of an unfathomable blue
above the spires of the tall spruce trees, and in the
balsams, though they are nominally green, there
lurks a sift of blue. Chinks of distant cliff also, be'
tween the branches, make an inlay of blue and grey'
blue and the hue of pumice'Stone.    And sudden,
among the green, there is whiteness and then the
drumming of a creek. We coast a foaming little
gorge, and on a long bridge crossing it look up at
the rock over which it pours.
The Upper Valley
This is Laughing Falls, and we dismount and turn
aside from the trail to see how it churns in the cup of
rocks at its base. It is like an inverted fountain,
but with the spread at its foot instead of at its top.
We mount again and ride on our way to Twin Falls,
and soon we see them, far and high, at an angle of
maybe fifty degrees. Below us a river tomtoms, its
canyon strewn with trees brought down out of the
forests, criss'crossed and tossed and wild.
Just before we leave that view to twist on and up
into the higher forests again, we have a glimpse of
the gulch through which the river flows. Beyond
that crevice we see the exquisite green end of a
sequestered glen, a place that to those of us who
remember stolen moments at school over Deadwood
Dick and such heroes, must inevitably suggest the
secret pocket where our once idolized outlaw un'
bitted and unsaddled his steed and left him to feed
while he took his sheriff'free ease. On again, up and
up, through the wash of green lights we go.
For a couple of miles or so we ride farther on up
the narrowing valley, coasting, rising and dipping
along its slopes. The trees stand up like living
pillars, and below them and by the trail side wild
flowers flaunt and fade through the exquisite sum'
mer—tall clusters of columbine, yellow arnica, tufts
of labrador tea, wild heliotrope, white hedysarum
and the little low flowers of the wild raspberry. We
pass as we ride evidence of old occupancy, here and
there the time'darkened notches where once were
marten traps, and the ruins of a trapper's cabin.
All is intensely still, hushed and tranquil. When we
come to the last rise among the timber and look
out on the glacier that is the valley's end, we too
could cry:4' Ycho P*
Yoho Glacier
There is something individual about these
glaciers.   They seem each to have personality and
Page Six Page Seven entity. There it rolls and hangs, at Yoho's end, from
neve to forefoot, as if it looked at us, watched us
come, noted us. As we draw rein on the last spur of
woods and stare out across the boulder'Strewn hoi'
low it seems in some wild unfathomable way to look
back at us.
The Yoho Glacier is as if overpaid upon the
mountain crest and sides by some master jeweller
whose medium is ice and rocks—colored ice, colored
rocks—instead of silver and enamels. The curved
top is of a whiteness beyond anything but that of
what it is—neve snow. The lower seracs are each
individualized in the clear air, with subtle blue
shadows. Over a series of years, measurements of
the Yoho Glacier have been taken to determine the
rate of its movement.
To know such details of the lives of these great
crests of snow, these pinnacles, and chasms of green
and translucent blue, just as the quality of the day's
light decrees, adds to our interest, but to many of
us it is the pictorial aspect that chiefly counts, that
we carry away in our mind's eye. Back home again
we remember the exquisite Yoho Glacier, across
that vast cup of shingle and frothing streams. For
it is exquisite. It does not give a sense of horror,
as do some ice fields. The beauty of it triumphs over
that.
Twin Falls Lodge
For the majority the ride up the valley to the
culminating glacier is enough for one day. One does
not wish to glut the mind, does not wish to pack
over'summarily into the storehouse of memory too
much beauty all at once. That ride from camp to
where the trails fork can well be taken again with'
out growing weary of it. But one does not, as it
happens, have to return at once, for close to the
Twin Falls is Twin Falls Lodge, a picturesque
log'Cabin house that provides meals that would be
attractive anywhere, but are still more highly
appreciated because they are where they are. The
lodge has also good sleeping accommodation and,
rising refreshed next morning, we can return by
what is called the High Trail. We are now in an
ecstatic betwixt and between region. We look
down on trectops and the white swerve of the
stream. We look up at the cliff face where, in two
notches, the Twin Falls pour down. They are like
Takakkaw, or Laughing Falls, seen in duplicate.
After leaving Twin Falls Lodge, we ride along the
farther, the western edge of the valley, mounting by
easy grades. We pass a little lake, still as glass, and
(like glass) mirroring trees and reeds round its edges,
and in its middle the sky. To our right, behind an
old rock slide, towers a barrier of cliffs; and our
coming is announced by the high shrill whistle of a
hoary marmot. Always there seems to be one there,
sitting on a rock as sentinel.
The High Trail
So musing, we ride on upon the winding trail,
looking up at the old cliff face. As we rise in the
world, we come to a torrent, and the log bridge over
it gives us a shock. So much of the old original
world has been round us that a bridge seems out of
place! Crossing it we ride into one of those Alpine
meadows that are just dotted with trees and all
carpeted with purple and white bryanthus.   From
the odor of balsam we ride into the scent of wild
flowers. To right is a tree upon which is printed:
"To the A.C.C. Camp." (Alpine Club of Canada.)
That is one of the ways into the Little Yoho
Valley—a beautiful lesser valley abutting on the
main one, a long lateral sweep of just such high
flowered meadows hung round with woods, then
rocks, then glacier edges.
Even as the glaciers seem each to have their indi'
viduality, their personality, so do the upland lakelets
to which we come. There is one here, Lake Celeste,
an exquisite expanse of water, two green mirrors
for the surrounding peaks, with a narrows connect'
ing them. Through a V of the hills to northwest
of it we look to a sweep of snow; if a white cloud to
match it topples above against the shimmer of the
sky, the picture is complete. We have left the sound
of falls and the roar of compressed waters. There is
just utter quiet up here, and the sky. And a little
way on we have the impression of riding near to
empty space, coasting cloud'land.
We are high above Yoho Valley, looking across
the summer shimmer at the great Waputik snowfield.
No snowfield, thus far south, is larger. Its long
easy undulations invite an eye'journey. We rein in,
and in fancy wander over it from where it sweeps
down into Daly Glacier to where the pinnacles of
Trolltinder stand fantastically to the empty dome
above. We realize how infinitely we have been
mounting since we left Twin Falls. Dismounting
there, the guide invites us to come up that cup'like
edge and look. We leave the horses tearing grass
and walk a few yards after him.
High up in the World
Yo'ho, Yo'ho, indeed! As we come to that edge
of jagged rocks, a sort of natural bastion, suddenly
the sense of quiet ends. There come to us, slam,
abrupt, a roar of waters and a sigh of wind. The
sigh is in the tops of the forest on which we look
down a thousand feet below; the roar is of all the
foaming torrents blent, below again, and beyond,and
everywhere, of Yoho and Takakkaw, of the Angels'
Stairs and Point Lace, of Laughing Falls, of Whisky'
Jack Falls, and all the other tumbling waters of that
valley upon which we look down.
We know then where we are. We are some
where on those stupendous cliffs above the Bunga'
low Camp that, loafing on the verandah of the com'
munity house, we previously looked up at, wonder'
ing how one could get there. It is a spot that invites
us to linger. There is a feeling there as of being
winged, not bound to earth. Takakkaw Falls, which
from below as we rode out in the morning seemed
very high above us, are far below, across the valley;
but not now white. The westerning sun is on
Takakkaw; the likeness to the falling dust of these
rockets called Golden Rain is intensified. The foam
billows and drifts; the fine spray hangs in the air
like steam, but the sun has turned it to the semblance
of broken opals.
A Spacious View
The Camp from which we started we cannot see
below us; it is hidden by a ledge of rock, over which
Whiskyjack Falls pour down, but away south
through a gap of the tossed landscape we can pick
Page Eight fell       \       X
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iiiHuin Canadian Pacific Railway
O
Motor Roads    •——*•—Trails
Yoho National Park
Page 7<iine out, in that clear air, the faint scar of the Canadian
Pacific track going into the Spiral Tunnel beyond the
Kicking Horse River. That is one thing the High
Trail gives us—a sense of spaciousness. At last
we tear ourselves awa>, and halfa'dozen steps down
the slope from that look'Out ridge, suddenly, as if a
door was shut, the roar of waters and the sigh of
winds are obliterated. Aslant up the farther side
of this one, another trail debouches, to wind away
through further peace round the Little Yoho Valley
and join the far end of that one the beginning of
which we noted some way back.
But our way, on the High Trail, leads on through
a saddle of this meadow. And there we are back
at the beginning of things, seeing a bit of our planet
very obviously in the making. "The strange'
scrawled rocks, the lonely sky" speak to us with
that "still small voice." If we have lived much in
cities this grandeur and this wildness are revelations.
Here,with the strewn debris of eons before us, we
realize these old ages of our earth instead of just
reading of them in books of geologists.
Topping the saddle we leave the flowers behind
and begin to coast a vast slope of boulders inter'
sected by ravines, each with its turbulent, gurgly,
glacial stream. That is an awe'inspiring stretch.
The surefooted ponies walk daintily here. We look
up and see the melting ends of the ice, the glacier
tongues of the President Range. Ahead, a majestic
cone, Mount Wapta stands in the clear day.
Summit Lake
We can if we wish, when We come again to a
fork in the trail, ride straight on into the timber and
go through the woods there to Summit Lake. Here,
in a meadow of red and white heather, in the midst
of a most green forest, is Summit Lake Rest House—
a charming log cabin house that provides a welcome
stop. In front is Summit Lake, green but tiny;
behind towers snow'Streaked Mount Wapta.
Or if we prefer, we can take the descending trail
that leads into the woods immediately over the
invisible Yoho Camp, and so home. That, for one
with time to spare, is the usual procedure, for the
trail ahead through the last rocks shows us no more
of the great sweep of Yoho than we have already
seen.
Our objective another day is beyond Summit
Lake, round the shoulder of Wapta and on to Burgess
Pass. It is a wonderful journey. The great crags
of Wapta flaunt up close by. At every step, there
bob up higher new visions of the President Range,
and then, as the trail swings south and rises over
the flanks of Wapta, it is once again for us:" Yo'ho!"
Over Burgess Pass
"What came we out for to see?"—"A reed
shaken in the wind!" Yes, even something so. It
is all here spread before us. We rest our eyes, our
hearts, our minds on the grand view. We are
coasting along into Burgess Pass between the height
of timber and the edge of the high rocks. A little
wind sighs in the spruce tops, shaking their scent in
the air below; around us the wild flowers grow, tall
anemones, Alpine milk'vetch, whole clumps of
Indian paint brush, and dainty orchids.
We have a seemingly limitless view. All the
President Range looks over the intervening miles
at us, and we look back and in imagination pry in its
wedges of dense forest, scale its cliffs, adventure
over its glaciers.
The guides can point out to you the way to the
now well'known Burgess Pass Fossil Quarry which
was discovered by Dr. Walcott in 1910. This
quarry has yielded to science the finest and largest
series of Middle Cambrian fossils yet unearthed,
and the finest invertebrate fossils discovered in
any formation. These wonderful specimens are
now to be seen at the Smithsonian Institution at
Washington. The shale of Burgess Pass is remark'
able in that it keeps in preservation animals as non'
resistant as worms and jelly'fish, even to their
internal parts.
Twenty Million Years Old
When the great slabs of this shale were blasted
loose they had then to be split very carefully with a
chisel to expose the fossil remains in them that had
been there through the long ages as flowers are
pressed between the leaves of a book. For twenty
million years or more these various creatures had
lain there. Once that shale was mud, in which these
creatures of earth's early days were embedded.
There they remained through the slow ages, sub'
jected to the pressure of that mud, and of sand and
pebbles, till all was changed by the pressure and by
chemicalization into sandstone, shale, limestone.
Then came the lateral thrusts upraising these
mountain ranges till what had been river bed
became mountain summit; and there, in the peaks
between Field and the Yoho Valley, all manner of
queer things that had once, ages and ages ago,
slithered in ooze, were elevated intact and kept
for the curious twentieth century geologist to pry
loose.
The Yoho Pass
You will remember that we paused at Summit
Lake. Summit Lake is 6,020 feet above sea level!
And before you is another breath taking ride—the
trail trip down the Yoho Pass to Emerald Lake.
Down, down, down, while the forest folds you
about! Steeper, and steeper! The pony breathes
heavily, and you twist in your saddle a little awed
to find so vast a portion of the world beneath you.
But presently you leave the forest and emerge
upon a treeless cliff, and go zigzagging down across
glacial moraine rocks. About half'way down there
is revealed a splendid view of Emerald Falls, seeming
to gush directly from the turquoise vault into which
Emerald Peak pushes its graceful head. A long,
silver streak it drops, spreads into a rainbow fan,
then hurtles downward to the great boulders that
convert it into a lashing, lunging cascade.
And then you clatter over boulder-strewn flats
and cross noisy mountain brooks as the full beauty of
Emerald Lake breaks upon you. The trail is around
the far side of the lake, with the Chalet directly
opposite against the sharp outline of Mount Burgess.
Eighteen hundred feet you have descended by the
time you rein up at the Chalet's hospitable door.
Emerald Lake is one of the most exquisite spots
in the Canadian Rockies.  No blending of pigment,
Page Ten Page Eleven With the Alpine Club of Canada in Yoho Park
no symphony on muted strings, no lyric penned by
the hand of man ever interpreted the tender har'
mony of that strangely peaceful region, where ver'
dure of infinite variety dominates the landscape,
offers rest to the wearied eye and suggests a pause
in the flight of a winged and adventurous spirit.
Emerald Lake breathes a serenity that defies des'
cription.
Emerald Lake
Oh, the rare loveliness of it! Too small to mirror
the soaring peaks that almost surround it, it reflects
the wooded slopes with flawless accuracy; and
patches of snow which the sun has forgotten,
sprawling at the water's edge, repeat themselves
like tufts of woolly clouds afloat on the jade surface.
Far more often than not, the lake is jade instead of
Emerald; and more than that, it is jade-au-lait with
the peculiar milkiness that characterizes all glacial
water.
Emerald Lake Chalet is built of great squared
timbers, fortress4ike in their solidity. A large
extension has been built in keeping with the original
building. It is a rendezvous of picturesqueness and
spaciousness. Flanking it are bungalows of various
sizes, most daintily and comfortably furnished,
with hot and cold running water, bathrooms, stoves
and good sized cupboards. All of them have their
individual verandahs and the large ones are "en
suite" with connecting doors.
The Club'house, a few yards from the Chalet, is
a charming rustic building, with a hardwood floor
kept in splendid condition for dancing, with writing
desks, card tables, a piano, a Victrola and lounges;
and with a gaping fireplace that gobbles up each
evening a ration of logs which 20 years ago would
have cost the average Dawson miner his season's
gleanings.
There are some very delightful hikes and trail
trips at Emerald Lake—there is even some fishing;
but if you are going into Field and not back over the
Yoho Pass again, there is a magnificent seven'mile
drive along what is well'named Snowpeak Avenue,
through a deep forest scented with balsam, spruce
and pine.
Snowpeak Avenue
Snowpeak Avenue is part of this pungent journey;
only a small part, but imagine a two'inile stretch
of straight roadway, margined by slender pines
whose heads nod a stately salutation as you pass,
and permit now and again a glimpse of robin s egg
sky about the width of a small girl's sash. Then
close your eyes still tighter and imagine this straight
driveway blocked by a glittering pinnacle crowned
with a diadem of blue white snow. Emerald Peak
lies to the north, Mount Goodsir to the south—
natural focal points that some artist must have
pictured in his dreams.
Page Twelve WAPTA CAMP
I know a vale where I would go one day,
When June comes back and all the world once more
Is glad with summer.   Deep in shade it lies
A mighty cleft between the bosoming hills,
A cool dim gateway to the mountains' heart.
THESE beautiful lines of Bliss Carman's are
surely applicable to Wapta Bungalow Camp.
It is a "cool dim gateway to the mountains'
heart,"   for from it some of the  most  en'
chanting parts of the Canadian Rockies are reached.
One of the hubs of the Rockies, it is the first camp
reached going West from Lake Louise.
Just after the westbound train on the main line
of the Canadian Pacific Railway leaves the Great
Divide—where you can delight in drinking from
the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans at one and the same
time, or walk from Alberta to British Columbia
and back again in the space of a few seconds—you
start on a noticeable descent and coast down to
Hector Station. Two ancient Indian totem poles
give you an impassive welcome, and mark the way
to the launch that meets all trains.
Wapta Lake
Wapta Lake, 4 ^2 miles west of the Great Divide,
and 5,200 feet above sea'level, is an interesting body
of water in which rises the celebrated Kicking Horse
River. It is some half'mile long and quarter'inile
wide. On the far side of the lake from the station a
veritable village of artistic cabins forms Wapta
Bungalow Camp.
Wapta Camp Club House verandah welcomes
you with a variety of lounge chairs. Multicolored
Iceland poppies fringe the steps you have just
climbed; Indian paintbrush and columbine and fire
weed spread a gay mantle over the slope, on which
a cluster of rustic cabins are also strewn; the lake—
an immense area of applegreen glass—reflects a
powder'puffy cloud.
The Bungalow Camp
The main building, containing the dining room
and lounge, are on the hill. The cabins are scattered,
some among the spruce and pine, others on the
shore of the lake. These cabins are most attractive,
with all the comforts of a country home, and best
of all they have its privacy. Who has not dreamed of
a mountain cabin, nestling among the pines, or one
perhaps lost in infinite solitude? And should the
evening prove chilly, there are compact little stoves
in the cabins.
These cabins have large verandahs, even though
the one selected may have only one room, with
comfortable chairs. No camping was ever like this
—a spacious house all your own, hardwood floors,
screened windows, a verandah, a clothes cupboard,
an insomnia'proof bed, electric light, running water;
and outside, Rocky Mountains rising all around
you, calling their lavender-shadowed peaks.
An enormous fire is burning in the dining room.
Morning and evening it greets you, and you simply
can't believe that people in the cities are being
prostrated by the heat.
What a View!
The view from the verandah of the main bunga'
low is very lovely. In front is the shimmering sheet
of Wapta Lake. Cathedral Mountain, with its deli'
cate crags, and Mount Stephen—picturesque spurs
of the northern end of the Bow Range—are on the
south side of the valley to the right as one faces the
lake. Beyond the lake is a high plateau guarded by
Narao on the left.
Page Thirteen Cathedral Mountain from Wapta Camp
Up there beyond Narao, when the valley
between it and Victoria is crowded with mist, you
will see a giant obelisk glide out of the void, and
refresh your soul with its simple grandeur. It is the
Watch Towel? and its Sentinel—a monumental
peak of mystery, impossible to discern save under
certain atmospheric conditions, but surpassingly
impressive in its emergence.
Sherbrooke Lake
The shortest trip of real importance is to Sher'
brooke Lake. The best reason for riding is that you're
too lazy to walk, but five miles covers the round trip,
and the trail is beautifully wooded most of the way.
Early in the season a hundred varieties of wild
flowers offer their perfume and their blithe colors
for your delight; later, a profusion of berries tempts
you to test statistics regarding the capacity of the
human stomach. As you rise, step by step, the
world becomes full of mountain peaks, and you are
conscious of a new sensation. You have grown-—
attained a mental and spiritual stature that syn'
chronizes with the surrounding grandeur. Little
things have fallen away.
Sherbrooke lies in a depression between Mount
Ogden and Paget Peak. It receives into its alluring
green depths water from the Daly Glacier, whose
great tongue forms the marvel known as Takkakaw
Falls, in Yoho Valley. Not the least interesting
feature of a sojourn in the Rockies is this linking up
of lake and glacier, trail and crag—tracing tribal
beginnings, as it were, discovering relationships in
this vast picture gallery.
A Hanging Lake
A mile long, and 700 feet above Wapta, Sher*
brooke Lake is one of those delightful lakes in a
"hanging valley." "One of the most beautiful results
of former ice action is to be found in the "cirques',"
says A. O. Wheeler, in his Glaciers of the Roc\ies
and Sel\ir\s, "half kettle or arm chair valleys, high
up among the mountains overhanging the main
valleys, and enclosed by vertical cliffs on all sides
except in front. These are the deserted nests of
cliff glaciers, hollowed out by the ice itself and often
deepened so that a turquoiscblue lake lies within
rock rims. If not too high up, these cirque lakes are
surrounded by evergreen forest, behind which rise
the gay or purple walls of rock with some snow
in the ravines above, the whole mirrored in the
lake, until some catspaw of breeze shatters the
reflection."
If you are an irreclaimable fisherman, you will
take trout from Sherbrooke, but otherwise you will
agree that it is little short of criminal to tempt
the poor things to leave their beautiful ice'cold
home. There is a row'boat riding gently at anchor,
and lying on your back in it, staring at the sky, which
is thick and blue and empty like a desert, you rock
and drift without a care, without a thought,
wrapped about in the caress of that unreliable
companion, Contentment, whose merit is too often
ignored until its presence is withdrawn.
Page Fourteen Page Fifteen Very curious is the sensation, coming back,
when half of your horse has achieved the angle of
the switchback and the other half has not. Fervently
you hope he will not break in two. He takes the
trail without haste, presuming possibly that you will
want to watch avalanches tumbling down Mount
Stephen. They look like a cloud of feathers, and
several seconds pass before you hear the roar. A
little toy train, with two engines, crawls up the
canyon of the Kicking Horse. A tinier launch slides
across the green pool down there, and leaves a
band of watered ribbon in its wake. You look
about for Santa Claus, or perhaps a small boy who
ought to be somewhere near operating these
mechanical devices. Rounding a curve, a cluster of
doll'houses comes into view. Why, they must be
Wapta Camp, although you can scarcely believe it!
A picnic ground par excellence is Ross Lake,
which lies in the opposite direction, off what is
known as the Lake Louise Upper Trail.
There is an element of adventure in starting for
this point, because, unlike Sherbrooke, the Canyon
or O'Hara, Ross Lake is not inevitably at the end of
the trail. Directions for finding it are a medley of
blazed trees, fallen branches, forked streams and
sundry other forest land marks—interesting, but not
perceptibly helpful. Armed with such, however,
you mount your horse, take your lunch, turn east'
ward, and hope you can guess when you've gone
four and a half miles.
Ross Lake
What does it matter if you follow a few wrong
by'ways? You can always come back parallel to
the railroad; you can always rest on a fallen tree and
watch Mount Bosworth, where, like as not, a sheep
or two will be scrambling. Near at hand, you may
surprise a deer—or he may surprise you—or a bear,
or a porcupine; and, of course, there are hundreds
of greedy, inquisitive gophers.
Be not deceived by the little green stain lying
in a dry sandy stretch just beside the track. This
is only Sink Lake, the bottom of which is said to be
quicksand.
Ross Lake lies hidden between Niblock and
Narao. A wall of jealous trees guards it from a
surprise attack. It breaks upon your vision little
by little and grudgingly. Over a carpet of moss
at least three feet thick, and patterned with twin'
flowers, you tip'toe to the water's edge. Cathedral
silence lies upon the world. No, not quite, for
the drumming of plunging falls—a sound with
which you are now familiar—breaks through the
stillness.
That waterfall leaps from the very sky, and makes
a silver seam down the face of the rock. Perhaps,
like clouds, it has a silver lining. Numerous smaller
cataracts glisten in the sun. They appear, not from
any visible source, but as ex'subterranean channels
through the moraine.
Lake OfHara
From Wapta Camp the most magnificent trail
trip is perhaps along Cataract Brook to Lake O'Hara,
eight miles south. Cataract Brook, which rises in
Lake O'Hara and flows into Wapta Lake, is a mad
turbulent stream which works its way through steep
rock walls shortly before it reaches the lake. There
is a beautiful trail leading up'Stream which starts
almost at Hector station, or to be exact, by the water
tank. The alternative is up the steep hill immediately
facing Wapta Lake. Either leads to the main trail,
which goes through lovely meadows where the
mountain rhododendron and many beautiful Alpine
flowers are found. Mountains tower both sides
of the valley, giant piles that at times appear to
close the end of the trail. Cataract Brook is crossed
and recrossed, and many smaller streams which
flow into it. There is possibly no valley in the
Canadian Rockies with a greater number of small
streams, many flowing through deep banks of moss.
The Canyon Road
Someone suggests the Canyon Tea House for
lunch. You really should walk the glorious three
miles, but perhaps you've taken a fancy to that
mettlesome horse; and besides, you're trying for a
Trail Rider's gold'button—a modest decoration that
will tell the world you have explored five hundred
miles of Canadian Rocky Mountain trails.
No need to take a guide. Turn westward and
proceed down the old bed of the railway, now part
of the motor road connecting Yoho, Emerald Lake,
Field and Wapta with Lake Louise and Banff. The
descent through the pass is at first very rapid, and
a steep'sided canyon has been cut by the river.
Its vertical walls rise 300 feet in places, and they
are filled with the clamor of rushing waters, drown'
ing the noise of the upcoming train. Its width
(before the construction of the motor highway)
was just sufficient to admit the railway tracks.
A few yards below the narrowest spot, on the
right, you will notice a cataract that looks like liquid
beryl. It comes direct from Sherbrooke Lake, and
flings itself into the Kicking Horse as though deter'
mined to tear the very soul from the patient earth.
In one mile it drops 800 feet.
The Canyon presses in upon you, a roofless
tunnel. Far below, the Kicking Horse hews its
frenzied way between rust'Colored rocks to whose
unfriendly sides cling shrubs and even trees. The
walls of stone lean towards one another, as though
trying to heal the scar cut by the plunging river.
Each bend of the road is barricaded by crenellated
ridges that dip and rise and sway and swim, while
fleets of cloud in a cobalt sea stand motionless above
them.
Kicking Horse Canyon Tea House
The Tea House is a gem of rustic beauty. It is so
artistically placed and fashioned that it seems to
have grown up with the mountains. Perched on
a bluff overlooking a deep'bosomed, purple valley,
it commands a; superb view of the Waputik Ice
Field. From the front verandah you will thrill
at the sight of Cathedral Crags.
From a short distance below the Tea House you
can command an excellent view of the Spiral Tun'
nels, constructed by the Canadian Pacific to over'
come this too'rapid descent through the Canyon.
The upper Tunnel lies in the base of Cathedral
Mountain, and is 3,255 feet long. The lower one,
which can be seen so clearly from the road, cuts
through Mount Ogden, and measures 2,922 feet.
Page Sixteen Page Seventeen Wapta Lake has good Trout Fishing
By building these tunnels, the line was lengthened
about four and a half miles, but the grade was
reduced from 4.5 per cent, to 2. 2.
The Horse that Kicked
Long may the truth endure regarding the origin
of place names, for history is in them and the
romance of reality! Of recent years a crag in the
Kicking Horse Pass, somewhat in the likeness of a
horse, has caused some to give that as the origin of
the name; but the truth of it is otherwise, and is part
of the story of the making of this wonderful railway
that carries us tO'day in comfort into the very heart
of the wilderness. When Doctor Hector, the famous
doctor and botanist of the Palliser Expedition of the
fifties (who later was knighted—Sir James Hector—
and became Governor of the Windward Islands)
was unsaddling in the pass one.day, in the year
1858, he did not notice that he had just loosened
the cinch'strap instead of drawing it free. Walking
behind, as he pulled the saddle, the strap tickled the
horse. Out shot his hind legs, kicking him over a
cliff. Not only was he kicked over the cliff, but he
was supposed to be dead, and the Indians accom'
panying him were considering burying him when he
opened his eyes.
.335
Page Eighteen «-
A Trail Riders' Cabin in the Rockies
Page Nineteen A trail trip into the depths of the mountains
forms the most enjoyable way of visiting beautiful
spots that would not otherwise be accessible. It
affords good s^nery, often good fishing, and a
glimpse into the heart of nature which will be
worth "more than many books."
The mountain pony, mountain'bred, fool'proof,
untiring, can be ridden by practically anyone,
whether he or she has ever before been on a horse
or not. From all hotels and bungalow camps in the
Canadian Rockies, there are good roads or trails
radiating in all directions, built, maintained and
constantly being extended by the National Parks
Department. Some trail trips are of one day's
duration only; others stretch over several days
necessitating carrying camping outfit. It is cus'
tomary, on all long trips and even on some short
ones, to engage guides who supply horses, tents,
food, etc., and do the necessary cooking.
The Trail Riders9 Association
Those who have ridden fifty miles or upwards
in the Canadian Rockies are qualified for member'
ship in the Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies,
which affords an unusual opportunity for those
interested in trail'riding to get together. The aims
of the Trail Riders' Association are, principally, to
encourage travel on horseback through the Can'
adian Rockies, to foster the maintenance and
improvement of old trails and the building of new
trails, and to encourage the love of outdoor life.
Membership is of several grades, according to
the distance ridden—50, 100, 250, 500, 1,000 and
2,^00 miles. Each grade has its distinctive button
which members of the grade are entitled to wear.
There are now 1,100 members.
The Annual Pow Wow
Each year an Official Ride is held lasting several
days and rounded out by the annual PoW'Wow.
The ride this year will take place toward the end of
July and will last four days. Novices and thirty'
three degree trail riders are equally at home on
these annual meets as there is always a splendid
spirit of camaraderie, The PoW'Wow, which
concludes the ride, is held at one of the Bungalow
Camps and is a fitting climax to the four days spent
in the mountains.
This ride will be followed early in August by a
ten'day ride which will start from Banff, explore
north and return to Banff or Lake Louise. Full
details are available at the Hotels and Bungalow
Camps in the Rockies.
Rates for the four'day ride will be $50.00; for
the ten'day ride, $100.00, this including horse, food
and share of tent. Riders must bring their own
sleeping bags or at least three blankets.
Dates of the rides will be published later.
Reservations should be made at least fourteen days
in advance as follows: before July 1, to the secretary'
treasurer, Mr. J. M. Gibbon, Room 324 Windsor
Station, Montreal, Que.; thereafter to the western
secretary, Mr. L. S. Crosby, Banff, Alta.
Circle Trail Rides
In addition to this official ride, circle trail rides
will be operated during July and August around
the Bungalow Camps in Yoho Park. These are
under the auspices of the Trail Riders' Association.
The trip, which will start any day there is the
minimum number, will last six days, with the fol'
lowing itinerary:
First day—Motor or ride to Wapta Camp.   After
lunch, ride to Lake O'Hara Camp.
Second day—Side trip to Lake McArthur, spending
the night on a new cabin and tent'camp on
McArthur Creek.
Third day—Ride from McArthur Creek down
the Ottertail trail to Emerald Lake.
Fourth day—From Emerald Lake ride over Yoho
Pass to Yoho Valley Camp.
Fifth day—Side trip to Twin Falls, spending the
night at Yoho Camp.
Sixth day—Ride over Burgess Pass to Field, and
motor or ride back to Emerald Lake.
The rates for these Circle Trips are $10.00 per
day per person inclusive of pony, food, guide and
sleeping accommodation (except for the  Emerald
Lake day, which will be $13.00).
Another Circle Trip, under the same auspices,
will be operated from Banff to Stoney Creek, Saw'
back Lakes, and Mystic Lake, with good fishing
en route. Trail Riders' Cabins, supplemented by
tepees, will be at each camp.
Page Twenty LAKE OT^RA CAMP1
If you must have the glories of Rocky Mountain
scenery plus such trappings of modern luxury
as magnificent hotels, ball rooms, golf courses,
automobiles and swarms of visitors, go to
Banff or Louise. O'Hara's appeal is rather to those
who prefer to take their scenery straight. To
these, the fact that the only way to reach O'Hara
is on foot or by pony, and that the accommodation
at the lake is confined to a log chalet and a group of
bungalows, so modest and so happily conceived
that they seem to melt into their background, are
counted as not the least of its many advantages.
Such happy people refuse to admit that a grate
fire and comfortable chairs, hot and cold water
baths, simple but well'cooked meals, and beds that
are a benediction to tired bodies, should be classed
as modern luxuries. At any rate one has yet to
hear of the visitor to O'Hara who gave these con'
spicuous features of the Camp anything but his
wholehearted blessing.
Which is the Lovelier?
It would be extremely difficult to say which of
these two glorious mountain lakes—O'Hara or
Louise—is the more beautiful. Each has its own
incredible and indescribable colour, a colour that
is seldom constant for more than a short time, that
sometimes changes with bewildering rapidity under
the influence of passing cloud or wind, like a gigantic
opal. Each has its marvellous setting of moun'
tain peak and glacier and forest, seemingly incom'
parable until the other is seen. If the eye travels
from the glory of Louise up to its matchless back'
ground and back again to the exquisite lake, and
concludes that this is Nature's supreme master'
piece, the vision of O'Hara, set like a priceless
jewel in its circle of glittering peaks, compels one
to the same decision.
It must, however, be said there is a great sweet'
ness and friendliness about O'Hara which is lacking
in Louise; no doubt the trees, those noble com'
panions of man, are responsible for this, for the
mountain slopes are treed to the water's edge, and
less austere. There are always some artists at
Lake O'Hara endeavoring to give its subtle charm
to the world.
Three Routes to O'Hara
There are three routes to Lake O'Hara, but the
most convenient and favorite one is the trail from
Wapta. The early morning train can be taken to
Hector, or one can motor from Louise to the mouth
of the Kicking Horse River—which rises in Wapta
Lake—where the trail that leads to O'Hara starts a
few hundred feet away. The most enjoyable way of
reaching this starting point is, of course, to spend
a day at the Wapta Bungalow Camp, exploring that
district a little, leaving early the following morn'
ing for this eight mile trip. Of the other two routes
we will speak later.
There are two trails leading from the south shore
of Wapta Lake to O'Hara, one starts not far from
the west end of the lake up a steep hill, the other
starts east of Hector station, at the water tank.
This is really the prettiest trail, for it follows Catar'
act Creek, a mad turbulent stream which cuts its
Page Twenty-One On the Way to Lake O'Hara
way through steep rocks. Both trails join in the
meadows some distance beyond the top of the hill.
For about three miles you canter along a level
plain, and then the ascent is rapid. Emerging from
the jade temple of a forest, you enter an alpine garden
where the botanist can count seventy'five varieties
of wild flowers in half as many minutes. Delicate
as a muted harmony, many of them, others flame
with regal insolence, and the whole meadow is so
thickly carpeted that picking your way through it
without damaging some of the blossoms is utterly
impossible.
On the Trail
To the left are Narao Lakes, small sheets of blue.
Towering mountains rise in all directions; Narao
Peak is to the left of the valley, Vanguard and
Cathedral Mountain to the right. After passing
through the meadows, the trail leads for miles
through heavy timber. Mountain after mountain
comes into view—Mount Huber on the left and
Mount Odaray rearing its summit above the valley
on the right, while a succession of other peaks looms
in the distance. Many small streams are crossed,
several very beautiful, flowing through deep banks
of moss. The siren'song of a cascade calls; you
push on, passing through a grove of spruces, and
the richly colored waters of Lake O'Hara invite
your admiration.
There is something about the very stillness of
these mountain solitudes that is appealing. One
conceives that it might become appalling to some
restless souls, but to the average man or woman,
fresh from the unfettered clamor of modern city
life, it bears the magic of cool, compassionate fingers
upon a fevered head.
Think of it! One comes from hard, wearing labor
in a hot, dusty town; from the nerve'wracking dis*
cordances of city streets; from a hodgepodge of
smells in which those of gasoline and hot asphalt
are only minor evils—to the heart of this earthly
paradise. One sinks down upon a mossy bank and
breathes in the life'giving air of the mountains, pure,
fresh, pine'scented. One feels the soothing har'
mony of this enchanted spot; the gentle surf in the
tree'tops on the mountainside and the almost
indistinguishable murmur of wavelets on the shore.
A lone sandpiper curtsies on a rock and a couple
of wild'ducks bob up and down on the lake. An
eagle soars up in the cloudless sky, his keen eyes
alert for some unwary marmot. One's eyes are drawn
up and up to the glorious peaks that stand guard
about O'Hara—Wiwaxy's jagged top sharply
defined against the skyline, the towering mass of
Huber, the white splendor of Victoria and Lefroy,
and the encircling majesty of Yukness, Hungabee,
Biddle, Schaeffer and Odaray, with the vast towers
of Cathedral in the distance. There has been rain
in the mountains, which has strengthened that
exquisite color and melody, freshness and fragrance
that Nature keeps for her own.
Trail9s End
Lake O'Hara was discovered by J. J. McArthur
of the Dominion Land Survey, and for its name
geography is indebted to an Indian Army Officer,
who spent much time camping here.
Page Twenty-Two Page Twenty-Three It is a far cry from the primitive tents and tepees
of Colonel O'Hara to the cosy Bungalow Camp
that is one of the most picturesque and attractive
resorts in the Rockies. It is the kind of place
one dreams of finding at the trail's end.
The Bungalow Camp is on a slight elevation over'
looking the lake, the cabins—encircled with tall
pines and spruces—on the shore. One of these
cabins can be claimed as a mountain home, or a
room in the Chalet. Some people prefer the Chalet
because there is a real bathroom there with hot and
cold water, while others like the idea of going to
sleep in a little house of their own and watching
the moonlight shining across the placid lake.
The Bungalow Camp
The Chalet, serving as the dining room and
lounge, is a rustic building on the style of a Swiss
Chalet, built of huge logs. Its interior is charming.
The ceiling extends to the full height of the building,
and a number of sleeping apartments open off the
balcony that runs around four sides. The room is
furnished with a rustic simplicity that is not too
rustic to be comfortable. There are long, low chairs
and lounges arranged about a blazing log fire, and
gaily decorated tables in front of the windows facing
the Lake, where you attend three times a day to
your more material needs.
Perhaps you think that food would be unim'
portant in these inspirational surroundings, but
here the mountain air is buoyant and fresh, and you
find that at meal times your interest is almost equally
divided between the delicious dishes set before you
by dainty waitresses in Swiss costumes, and the
sight of the sun playing on the green surface of
Lake O'Hara and the wooded slopes of the sup
rounding mountains.
Alpine Meadows
No words could depict the beauty of an Alpine
meadow half a mile from the Bungalow Camp.
The trail, leading through the woods a short dis'
tance, comes out near a small stream that runs into
the lake. The first Bungalow Camp was built in
these meadows, and here, also, Alpine Club of
Canada held one of their camps. The first tiny
mountain hut built in this district still stands.
Further up stream and away from these cabins one
can find the peace on earth of which we all dream.
The whole area is covered with short grass, a velvety
sward relieved of its monotony of green by flowers of
brilliant hues. The stream adds to this pastoral
beauty, and breaks the silence of the meadows,
while further up a tiny lake enhances its sylvan
loveliness. Mountains close in the meadows, but
they are far away and do not intrude, knowing
their rugged grandeur has no place here.
The old Camp is deserted save by gophers and
pack rats, and one gets that feeling of almost
intolerable loneliness that is never associated with
nature, but broods over human habitations that
are no longer inhabited. In the stillness a sudden
crash in one of the cabins becomes startling. One
suspects that a bear has managed to get trapped,
but on reconnoitring through a window, it turns
out to be nothing more formidable than a gopher
who, in his inquisitive scampering about the room,
has managed to overturn an empty box standing on
the edge of a high shelf.
Carefree you set out from O'Hara to see some, at
least, of the worthwhile things that are to be seen
and enjoyed in this little world of lakes and water'
falls, mountains and alpine meadows and cool
forest depths. It is a wrench to leave O'Hara, but
there are advantages in tramping away from it to
see other sights, for one returns by one trail or
another to a lake that is never quite the same, from
varying points of view and under ever-changing con'
ditions of light and shade and atmosphere, but
always rarely beautiful.
To Lake McArthur
The trail to Lake McArthur is neither long nor
particularly difficult. It leads from the shore past
the old camp, climbs steadily through the forest,
and emerges finally on a green meadow of some
extent with a shallow pond in its midst. Here the
trail forks, one branch leading up to the flanks of
Odaray and McArthur Pass, the other to McArthur
Lake. Here one has to negotiate a short bit of steep
trail around the shoulder of Mount Schaeffer.
Up and up it zigzags, until at length we scramble
up the last few feet and find ourselves in a rocky
basin, a high valley about 7,300 feet above the sea.
From the entrance, looking back, there is a splendid
view down the Ottertail Valley, with the trail
from McArthur winding up its opposite side.
Perhaps now we hear a long'drawn whistle.
Can it be that there is another party on the trail
approaching us? It comes again, somewhat more
prolonged, still identical to a human call. But we
are (as we presently find) entirely alone; the whistle
is that of a little furry dweller in this rocky am'
phitheatre—the hoary marmot, or, "whistler."
These articulate animals live among rocks at the
base of a slope; their favorite recreation being to
lie in the sun by the hour. One can see them scurry'
ing among the rocks, watch them on some high rock
whistling and waiting for an answer.
Unearthly Beauty
Turning about we look anxiously for Lake Mc
Arthur, but it is nowhere in sight. Surely this
cannot be the wrong trail? We climb over the
rocks, and suddenly it is there below—a thing of
unearthly beauty—in the foreground a little turf
and a few flowers. Sombre peaks towering above
it—no sound but the lapping of the waves and the
sound of a little waterfall on the right. And its
colour? Blue, every conceivable shade of blue—
aquamarine—sapphire—cerulean—a glorious gem,
its surface covered with dancing points of silver;
a vast shield of damascened steel. Walter D. Wilcox
in his "Rockies of Canada" points out that Mc'
Arthur is one of the few mountain lakes whose
waters are unmistakably blue—often the very blue
of the sky—as though a bit of the heavens had fallen
to earth. And the reflected colors, despite the
sombre cliffs that surround the lake, range through'
out the blues, lilacs and purples to bronze and gold.
Lake McArthur is above the line of vegetation,
with only a few Alpine flowers clinging to the shel'
ter of the rocks.   These higher cirque lakes, above
Page Twenty-Four Page Twenty-Five timberline, enclosed only by cliffs and snow, or with
a glacier, as there is at the end of this lake, have
an austere beauty all their own. There is no sight
or sound of human habitation, even the marmots do
not invade its shores.
The return trail reveals new wonders of the
mountains, gigantic ridges and pinnacles and
pyramids, dazzling summits, sombre slopes, deep
valleys, silver threads of distant streams. We
scramble down the steep descent and rest for a
while in the meadow, finding relief in the song of
birds and the graciousness of flowers. A swim in
the secluded waters of the lakelet in the forest
prepares one for the evening meal at O'Hara.,
O'Hara by moonlight! Every aspect of this won'
derful lake is memorable, but one must carry away
unforgettable memories of O'Hara glowing softly
in the light of a full moon. The air is chilly at this
hour, but one forgets such discomforts as the silver
disk creeps up behind an ebony peak, throwing it
into sharp outline; then slowly emerges, hovers
for a moment on the very summit like a glorious
pearl, and sails out over the lake whose velvet
depths receive its other self.
The Song of the Seven Sisters
It is at this enchanted hour that you can some'
times hear the song of the Seven Sisters Water'
fall. We can visit the Seven Sisters tomorrow. They
are separate falls, lazy streams whose cadence adds
to the beauty of the lake. The trail is from the
Bungalow Camp to the property owned by the
Alpine Club, on a point jutting out into the lake—
not the poor trail around the lake at the water's
edge, but one further back in the woods, as hard
and firm as a macadam road.
But now for the song of the Seven Sisters—a
sad song like the falling of millions of tears. Long,
long ago, when the world was very young, a group
of dryads and naiads asked Mother Nature to give
them a playground that would be indisputably their
own. They begged for a distant and secret place
free from the intrusion of giants and titans and
satyrs, and so, with her finger on her lips, Mother
Nature led them to a mile'long jewel, nearly seven
thousand feet above the sea, and hidden partly
by the copper skirts of Wiwaxy, partly by the
towering ramparts of Lefroy, and partly by a fort'
ress of trees standing so close together that the sun
is defeated when he tries to throw a blanket over
its shimmering surface.
Blue as a Sapphire
Blue as a sapphire, green as a peacock's tail'
feathers, amethyst and rose, this little lake was the
playground of fairy'folk for many a long year.
Then, one day, a curious two4egged creature who
had lost his horns and tail along with his immortality
strayed into the hidden garden. Following him
there came a soft'treading, fleet-footed Indian, and
later a trapper or two. It was terrible when, for
the first time, the fairy'folk heard a gun fired at
one of their gentle companions. In a panic, they
fled to the far end of the lake, and besought protec'
tion of the Giant Lefroy. And the benign old
rocks gathered them in a sheltering embrace—and
there they are tO'day, the Seven Sisters Waterfall,
mingling their tears in an agony of bereavement
over their lost paradise.
Among the other worthwhile things at Lake
O'Hara is the trip to Crystal Cave. The scramble
up will seem arduous enough to the average climber,
but the view from there is a high reward. The
Cave itself is not particularly remarkable, for it is
now nearly closed. Only the mouth remains open,
but some pieces of rock are very white and clear.
The trip from the Chalet and return can be made
in a morning.
Lake Oesa
But the most interesting trail of all is the one
to Lake Oesa, and the lake itself is of a conquering
beauty. One follows the trail from the Chalet to
the foot of the lace'work of the Seven Sisters, and
clambers up a steep bit to the left of the waterfall
to a plateau, covered for the most part with rock
fragments varying in size from a football to a small
house. Through this wilderness one makes one's
way to the shores of a small and nameless lake,
and from there climbs up a series of sharply'defined
terraces, with occasional glimpses into a spectacular
gorge, and past two somewhat larger lakes, also
apparently nameless, to the upper plateau in the
bosom of which rests Oesa.
Oesa is much smaller than either O'Hara or
McArthur, and its coloring is different—more of an
aquamarine. Its beauty, although more austere than
that of McArthur, is none the less authentic. Set
far up in the mountains, beyond the tree line,
beyond all vegetation except moss and Alpine flowers;
surrounded by gigantic rock walls and pinnacles
and glaciers; brooded over by the very spirit of
silence; serene and undisturbed, it seems to be as
remote from the living world as if it were in the
moon.
To the right an immense shale slope runs down
to the lake. On the opposite side snowbanks survive usually throughout the summer. A glacier
tongue touches the border of the lake. In the
background looms mighty Lefroy. Fleets of minia'
ture icebergs sail across Oesa even in midsummer.
The silence is broken, or emphasized, by the mourn'
ful whistle of a marmot. An enterprising mosquito
—Heaven only knows what brought him up here!—
adds his minute song.
One would not have missed Oesa, made perhaps
all the more attractive because of the strenuous
quality of the trail, but one's regret in leaving it
behind is tempered by the thought that one is
returning to an even more beautiful lake in the
valley below. The vision of O'Hara through the
tree'tops from the plateau above the "Sisters," who
wear coral veils at sundown, is just one more re vela'
tion of the infinite variety of the moods of that
entrancing pool.
The Abbot Pass Route
We spoke away back of other routes to Lake
O'Hara; and this, by Lake Oesa, is the second. It is
the Abbot Pass route to and from Lake Louise.
This is not a trip for the unseasoned, the inex*
perienced, or the foolhardy, for it is on foot over
Page Twenty-Six Page TwentySeven Lake McArthur
glaciers; but provided you have a sturdy constitu'
tion, especially, plenty of "spares" in the matter of
breathing gear, a guide, proper climbing clothes,
and about eight hours of fair weather, you can
make this magnificent excursion easily.
Take a Swiss Guide!
Dozens of people make this trip every summer.
It is difficult enough to be an achievement, but not
dangerous or exhausting. It is absolutely impera'
tive, however, to employ a Swiss guide. Arrange'
ments may be made at either of the starting points—
Lake O'Hara or Lake Louise, preferably the latter.
Abbot Pass lies between Mount Victoria and
Mount Lefroy, and has been called "the gateway
to Cataract Valley"—that is, from the Lake Louise
side of the range. It reaches 9,598 feet above sea
level and was named after Philip Stanley Abbot,
a distinguished member of the Appalachian Moun'
tain Club (Boston) who lost his life while trying to
capture the peak of Mount Lefroy.
Abbot Pass is a V'shaped notch, whose secluded
summit is hemmed in between mighty precipices
from which avalanches constantly thunder, and
from which the outlook commands nothing but
naked pinnacles, snow and cataracts of ice. There
is not a sign of life—neither tree nor shrub nor
blade of stunted grass within the range of vision.
It is a dead world, locked in the frozen grip of
snow and ice.
"It is a picture," writes Sir James Outram, "of
weird wonder and desolate majesty, almost incom'
parable and boundlessly impressive in its might
and its eternal suggestiveness."
At the summit of the Pass is an Alpine Hut,
fast becoming almost as well known as the adjacent
resorts. The majority of people use it as a lunch
objective, but it is convenient for parties who wish
to remain the night, and witness the miracle of day
unfolding on the mountain peaks and glaciers.
From it descent is made to Lake Oesa.
The Ottertail Route
And now for the third route to Lake O'Hara—
the Ottertail route, providing a spectacular glimpse
of the Ottertail Valley.and Range. You motor or
ride west from Field to the picturesque cabin
of the game warden, some five miles, and from there
your pony carries you to the conjunction of the
Ottertail with McArthur Creek. Leaving the
latter where it ought to be, on the floor of the earth,
you ride up an almost perpendicular wall and
feel intense surprise, upon reaching McArthur
Plateau and Pass, that your head is not touching the
ceiling. From McArthur Pass, O'Hara is distant
about three miles.
*a>s
Page Twenty-Eight MORAINE LAKE CAMP
Nine miles by road from Lake Louise
Sleeping Accommodation for 10
Saddleback Rest House
Between Paradise Valley and Lake Louise
When you get to Lake Louise or Banff you
will motor over to the Valley of the Ten
Peaks, where the green'blue waters of
Moraine Lake lie below the high'pitched
mountain ramparts. A glacier reached over the top
of the world like a huge white paw, blue'green
at the tip; and there's a bungalow camp on a bench
by the lake.
We must usually associate Moraine Lake with
Lake Louise, because that other beautiful lake of the
Canadian Rockies is the entry'point to Moraine
Lake; but Moraine Lake is just as beautiful, and its
Bungalow Camp provides ideal accommodation for
the hiker, trail'rider or angler who wishes to linger
in this magnificent region.
The Valley of the Ten Peaks
Moraine Lake is nine miles distant from the
Chateau Lake Louise, and can be reached by motor
from there or the station. It is two miles long, a
half mile wide, and is flanked on one side by a half
circle of frowning peaks, scarred and furrowed by
glaciers, bare of vegetation and capped with snow.
These are the Ten Peaks from which the Valley
takes its name.
The Peaks themselves were originally named for
the ten numbers of the Stoney Indian language, but
several now bear Aryan names. Not one of these
peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height, and one of
them, Mount Deltaform, is 11,225 feet. Standing
off a little as a sort of outpost, and not included in
the bright constellation, is the "Tower of Babel,"
an interesting rock formation of unusual shape.
On another side of the Lake are the gigantic Mount
Temple, Pinnacle Peak, Eiffel Peak and others.
Moraine Lake
Moraine Lake is not perhaps so well'known as
Lake Louise, and those who come out on the bus
from the latter, stay but a brief half'hour, and go
away, lose something very beautiful within their
reach. Moraine Lake has its own individual charm.
The exquisitely blue'green waters of the lake, the
jagged peaks which rise out of the water and pierce
the sky, the glacier slipping down their sides, form
a picture wild and majestic in its primitive loneliness.
Mount Temple (11,626 feet above sea level) is one
of the most superb piles in the Rockies. The moun'
tains on this southwest side of the Bow Valley are
bold and impressive, and include some of the highest
peaks in this part of the Rockies. The valleys cutting
into this range, including—besides the Ten Peaks—
the Paradise and Lake Louise valleys, all head in
glaciers and typical hanging glacial valleys.
One should—if not staying over at the Bungalow
Camp—plan to take the morning bus from Lake
Louise, lunch at the Camp, and return in the after'
noon. This would give sufficient time for some
exploring.
Page Twenty-J\[ine J>It is  strange  to
world  of being   in
find in this agcold
an advancing,  pro*
wildness and lone'
gressive state, not in
liness even a sign of
^---^ ChateaoV                   ^ ^^
!*..'/               Lake Ixmisek             s*£i      ^fe
a state of recession.
human life, but here
■£•' r-i ~*J'     e^^-^^Os^ Xi          \
Moraine  Lake
on the shore of
Camp is open from
Moraine Lake
June 15th to Sep'
whose waters are
'• V     *                     \                  \             ^Ss. J"~~*\
tember 30th.
sheltered  from  the
'   '*'                              %r,                                                *%                                                 X                                            ^X.                       *
Postal address
gusty wind and are
k 9
Moraine Lake Camp,
so   still   that   they
%--\.:ff.0-           \            \                                   >
¥»
via Lake   Louise,
reflect every twig
/ \ .-'< .
\\
Alberta.
above its surface, is a
'*-»          ''       N"s       /O
Bungalow Camp, as
\ *n
\
Paradise Valley
charming as any
- /                     \ \
Between Moraine
camp you've ever
seen. There is a
bright, comfortably
furnished living and
dining room in the
main building, which
is    surrounded    by
'                                    v\   v_
Lake and Lake Louise
„.-""'                              /J
lies Paradise Val'
ley, about six miles
long, carpeted with
anemones, asters and
other Alpine flowers.
Great   peaks   rise
around it like citadel
walls.    The Valley
can be reached by
several small bunga'
lows with sleeping
accommodation.
\                      /1
Consolation
\                                     ;      /
trail through a love'
Valley
1                 A   1
ly Alpine meadow
known as Larch Val'
About three miles
ley and over Sentinel
to the southeast,
Pass.   This   is a
by a trail around
HflLjiJffiJ
climbing excursion,
the Tower of Babel,
"*""*"**«»»«.„--"•*""           **  /'                  \
for shale slides every
is Consolation Val'
- * *" »^                s*                           \
spring make travel'
ley  and Lakes, an'
\
ling for a pony al'
other beautiful little
V
V
most impossible; but
spot.   The valley is
anyone with an aver*
green   and   smiling
age sense of location
with an abundance
can continue the
of  Alpine   flowers;
journey down the
at its   head  are
valley on foot to
Mounts Bident and
Lake Annette, a
Quadra. The twin
tiny emerald sheet
lakes contain a plen'
of   water on   the
tiful  supply of
rainbow and Dolly
Moraine Lake and its locality
other side of Mount
Temple, or to the
Varden trout, which
"Giant's Steps," a
will take almost any
Dait, and also cut'throat trout,     stair-like  formation over w
hich Paradise  Creek
a vigorous fish which takes the fly in July and     tumbles in a beautiful cascade.
August.
From these points a
trail leads down the Creek
Between peaks Nine (Neptuak) and Ten is the     and joins the old Moraine Lake Trail to Lake Louise
Wenkchemna Pass, the route to Prospector Valley,     while another branche
s off through the beautiful
Tokumm Creek, and Vermilion River.   Projecting     Sheol Valley and zigzags up to Saddleback.  Saddle
down the valley is
the tongue of Wenkchemna     back has a good trail from Lake Louise, and is a
Glacier—which, although small, has the unusual     popular excursion from that
point; and it has a
quality   amongst   ne
irly  all  the  glaciers  of the     resthouse at its summit.
*
Page Thirty Page Thirty-One BANFFTMNDERMERE ROAD
The Banff - Windermere Road provides a through automobile
route across the Canadian Rockies, from either Banff or Lake Louise,
through Banff National Park and Kootenay Park to the Columbia
Valley.
This road, which connects at its southern end with the Columbia
River Highway from Golden to Cranbrook, is the Canadian end of the
great highroad which leaves Portland, Oregon, under the name of the
Columbia Highway. It is also an important link in the "Grand Circle
Tour" that embraces 16 national parks in the United States.
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
26 miles from Banff.    Sleeping Accommodation for 32.
Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp
92 miles from Banff.    Sleeping Accommodation for 50.
The distance from Lake Louise is the same as from Banff
Castle Mountain Camp can also be reached by motor from Castle Mountain Sta'
tion, (6 miles). Radium Hot Springs Camp can also be reached by car from Park Gate
Station (2^ miles). Lake Windermere can also be reached by rail, for the Windermere
Valley branch of the Canadian Pacific runs from Golden, on the main line, to Cranbrook,
on the Crow's Nest Pass line.
Page Thirty-Two CASTLE MOUNTAIN CAMP
IN the Banff'Windermere Highway, travers'
ing Banff National Park and Kootenay Park,
Canada has what is undoubtedly one of the
very finest motor roads in the whole world.
This wonderful highway, wide and smooth and
hard as any the old Romans or the modern American ever built, twines its tortuous way through
unbelievably magnificent mountain scenery from
Banff to Lake Windermere, clinging to the brim
of sheer precipices, cleaving through sheer canyons,
skirting giant mountains, spanning giant rivers, over'
looking giant valleys and affording the most soul'
shaking views of rivers and valleys and mountains
stretching away endlessly as far as one can see. It
has, in fact, become the main artery of the central
Canadian Rockies.
The Vermilion Pass
From Banff the route westward is to Castle Moun'
tain, where another road joins it from Lake Louise.
Here the road takes a southerly course, crossing the
Bow River and rising to the Vermilion Pass (alti'
tude 5,264 feet). Here it enters Kootenay Park. The
road then follows the Vermilion River to its junction
with the Kootenay River. This again it crosses
and follows through a beautiful avenue between
virgin forest, then ascending the Sinclair Pass
between the Brisco and Stanford Ranges. Turn'
ing westerly again, it reaches Radium Hot Springs,
long famous for their curative qualities, and,
emerging through the gap of Sinclair Canyon,
meets the Columbia River about nine miles north of
Lake Windermere.
The road was officially opened in 1923, and
history began there, so far as the modern world is
concerned. But if you chance on an old'timer,
you'll hear tales of Kootenays and Blackfeet, of the
Priest's mine and the Ochre beds, of long'dead
prospectors and silent chiefs, that will make a
shadowy background—a bit melancholy, but wholly
picturesque—for the whitcfloored, tree'bordered,
mountain'crowned miles of the present.
You were a chattering party when you left
the hotel—a heterogeneous crowd intent only on
another trip. But somehow, after you have pitched
south'west from Castle Mountain into the un'
trodden wilds, and as the motor climbs and the
miles reel off under your tires, the talk dies away.
A World Older than Time
This new world into which the road has bored
its way is a world older than Time, yet, in some
vivid and tremendous fashion, still unfinished. That
scarred skyline seems as though it might break in
a black wave and sweep down—sweep down on life
as we know it, with the crash of suns, for surely
nothing so vital, so full of power, could be fixed
forever. These huge creatures of granite and snow
that crouch together above the tiny track, these
mountains in among whom you've dared to come—
you've never seen so many together, so closer—
herds of mountains, one behind the other, looking
over each other's shoulders, enormous, inert, yet
—alive. You feel as though you'd slipped through
the hole in the wall—gone into the land where
we only go in dreams.
Page Thirty-Three Storm Mountain
At last you swing around a curve, and the
biggest mountain of them all sweeps into view—
Storm Mountain. A million tons of rock went to
its making, a million years to its rearing, a million
storms to the carving of its great head, powdered
with snow. No trees to soften it, except the trees
in the hills that break about its feet. Always a
cloud behind it. Always a wandering wind. And
high up above the world, facing Storm Mountain
and looking over the sweeping amphitheatre of
peaks that encompass the Bow River, stands Castle
Mountain Bungalow Camp.
From the verandah you can see Storm, of course,
and all the burnt'cinder pinnacles, the long slag
walls of the Sawback Range with cloud shadows
drifting across them—grey, violet, mist'colored,
black. The mighty bulwarks of Castle Mountain
too. And looking down the road to the south'
west, peak after peak, peak after peak—treed or
treeless, black or snow'crowned—vista after vista
that flings together miles of far'off mountain'top in
a little dip between two nearer giants. If you
aren't a real Alpinist, you can never see another
such view in all the Rockies or the Selkirks. It
has an austere grandeur that makes it kin to those
snowbound miles far above timberline that few
people but the Swissguides ever see.
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp is a delightful
place for a family, for guests can have their own
mountain cabin and the privacy of a home without
responsibilities or the trouble of meals. It consists
of a large main building, constructed of logs with a
broad verandah, and containing a combination
lounging and dining room, artistically decorated.
Clustering around it are the sleeping bungalows,
of log construction—some with one room, others
with two rooms and bath, but all with verandahs.
Each is equipped with single beds, clothes closet,
fireplace, table, chairs, washstand and mirror.
There is a public bath'house, with hot and cold
running water, and separate bathroom and toilets.
The camp is lit throughout with electric light.
It's no wonder that you break your motor trip to
stay at Castle Mountain over night—over many
nights. It were worthwhile to stay, if only to see
the sunrise dissolving the grey chilly mist in the
valleys and bursting over the Sawback. One
reason for building the camp here was to give this
joy of the early morning hours to guests.
Good Fishing Here
Those who are anglers will find well'Stocked
lakes and streams—Vista Lake, i }/2 miles from the
Camp—Boom Lake, 4 miles—Boom Creek,
Altrude River, and Lower and Upper Altrude
Lakes. Another delightful trip is to Twin Lakes,
between six and seven miles, and though these lakes
are not so well known, those who are fond of walk'
ing or riding will be repaid for the time spent
on the trail. One lake is especially beautiful; at one
end is a glacier, the source of the waterfalls which
leap to the lake. These waters are all well stocked
with cut'throat and rainbow trout, Dolly Varden
and Rocky Mountain white fish. Fishing is
practically all done from the shore, and with the
good Government trails, it is not necessary to have
the services of a guide to get the limit of trout any
day during the season. Fish take bait or flies
equally well, and restocking each year offsets any
danger of these waters being fished out.
Kootenay National Park
But there comes a time when the road beckons,
and off we go by motor again, under a high blue
sky towards the Vermilion River. Always we
can see peaks that have never been climbed—when
the road engineers came first in 1910, the country
hadn't even been surveyed! Always we can loot
down long valleys that cry for our cameras. But
the motor whirls on, carrying us deeper into the
shut'in world of gorge and crag and glacier.
With the Vermilion Pass crossed, and the long
steady descent commenced to Lake Windermere, we
enter Kootenay National Park, which tucks its
587 square miles in between the southern portions
of Banff Park and Yoho Park. This Park consists
of almost virgin forest, untouched by the hand of
man, reaching back to a magnificent background
of mountains, and inhabited practically only by big
game.
At Marble Canyon, there is a gash in the rock
300 feet deep, over whose terraces of blue and
pinkish marble the waters of Tokumm Creek leap in
cascades down the Canyon, and a trail to the Paint
Pots, those mysterious round wells of color from
which the Kootenays of the old days used to get
their sacred ochre, and trade it to the plains Indian
for more mundane things.
The Vermilion River
The Vermilion River rises near Castle Moun'
tain, farther back, but rushes along to join the
mighty Kootenay River, and dug for itself this
spectacular and convenient valley. This is the
very middlemost middle of the big game country.
If you want to see a bear, you don't even have to
wander off the road, for the black fellows—mostly
little ones—will actually venture out to your car
to eat any lumps of sugar or cake you may throw to
them!
You're in a National Park, you see, and so is he.
The entire park is a game sanctuary. The results of
closing it to hunters have been remarkable. Elk and
deer, mountain sheep and mountain goat, and
black and grimly bear abound, many of these ani'
mals grown absolutely fearless and harmless. And
up in the valleys, there are game trails on which you
should always go with your camera ready, for at
any turn of the trail you may come upon a friendly
animal. Wild birds, also, are extremely plentiful,
and most of the lakes and rivers teem with fish.
And now that the trail over Wolverine Pass has
been completed—the very latest and most spec'
tacular wrinkle in the Rockies' multiple face—even
the thirty'third degree mountaineer is bound to be
happy because he has a four'day trip ahead of him
that not only includes the bleak grandeur of the
Pass, but the toes of Mount Goodsir, the Ottertail
Valley, McArthur Creek, and Lake McArthur
itself, with Lake O'Hara as the final goal.
Page Thirty-Four Page Thirty-Five RADIUM HOT SPRINGS C4MP
Mount Assiniboine
Soon after leaving Vermilion River Crossing,
there is a brief but magnificent view of the pyramidal
peak of famous Mount Assiniboine, many miles
distant. And then, when Simpson River flows in
from the east to meet the Vermilion, there is a
cairn just erected to commemorate the great explorer,
Sir George Simpson, who first passed this way and
discovered this route about a hundred years ago.
As the Vermilion and the Kootenay approach each
other, the most picturesque part of the trip begins,
and the road winds along the high ridge between
the two rivers, cunningly graded and skilfully
bent, caught to the mountainside as only an inspired
engineer could do it.
Here, too, is where you see that terrific object
lesson, five miles long, that weird study in black
and grey, in lines and spots, that used to be a forest
before Kootenay Park was established. But now it's
an infinite series of slim skeletons.  No wonder the
Parks Commission has placed a black'rimmed sign'
board at each end of that pathetic cemetery.  Care
lessness. That's what did it....... . And when
you take these jackknife turns it's just as well to
remember that there are other forms of the disease
than those concerned with cigarettes.
Sinclair Pass
And then you come to a miniature valley and
canyon. This is the country of Sinclair Pass,
where the mountains crowd together to make the
road a narrow gorge, which enters the valley
through the "Iron Gates." These portals are
gloriously colored, as if Indians had splashed them
with pigments of vivid hues—yellow, pinks and
reds. Radium Hot Springs are in this miniature
valley, a few hundred yards west of the Iron Gates.
There is something suddenly sub'tropical in the
beauty of this little valley.
Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp is situated
on a hill overlooking Sinclair Creek, the Hot Springs
and the highway. The surroundings are exotic in
beauty, and colors vie for supremacy—green domi'
nating, varying in shades from sage to emerald.
The forest, of luxuriant growth, is deep and cool.
To the left of the camp are the Iron Gates; facing
the camp are mountains with steep well'timbered
slopes, while to the right the Selkirks are piled peak
upon peak as ocean billows.
Radium Hot Springs Camp
The Camp consists of a large main building, of
log construction, with large, wide verandahs, and
contains a combination dining and lounging room,
with open fireplace. Clustering around it are the
sleeping bungalows, each equipped with single
beds, clothes closet, stove, table, chairs, wash'
stand, and mirror. The camp is equipped with
electric light and all modern conveniences.
The remedial properties of the radioactive hot
springs have long been known to the Indians, who
made yearly pilgrimages to this spot long before the
first white settlers set foot in the upper Columbia
Valley.   Enjoying a wide fame, they are visited by
Page Thirty-Six Page Thirty-Seven thousands every year, and have a temperature of
about no degrees. An attractive open'air swim'
ming pool with a bath'house, has been erected by
the government.
Nex t morning it doesn't take long to drop, circling
like a great bird, to the valley levels where Lake
Windermere lies peaceful after all the emotional
climaxes of the mountains.
The Windermere Valley
There's something hard to describe about this
huge trench that the Columbia River has dug
between the Rockies and the Selkirks. The two
ranges tower, white'headed, above their bench
lands and their river reaches, facing each other
across a great green gulf, mountains of another
world, as aloof and ever'beautiful as one's memories
of childhood. Lake Windermere lies, warm and still,
in the middle, under skies that are always blue.
There are flowers and flowers and more flowers.
But none of these things quite accounts for the
feeling of Elysian ease that makes the very soul of
the place. When you go in swimming, you turn
over on your back and float, and look into the high
blue. When you fish—well, you do catch some'
thing every time, but you wouldn't much care if
you didn't. When you motor, you're willing to loaf.
There are motor launches on the lake, and rumors
of an old river boat that will take her serene course
under the orange moon while the people dance.
There's the David Thompson Fort where town
gatherings and dances are held, and you can study
the Indian in the craftwork he has left. There are
guides and horses and outfits for you to go shooting
in season, either into the Selkirks or up Vermilion
way. Or you can find ducks yourself, hundreds of
them, almost anywhere in the valley.
And as for side trips—nobody who has ever
seen a cool and breathless picture of the Lake of the
Hanging Glaciers will want to miss that astonishing
thing if he can spare the time and is good for fording
rivers. But even if he isn't, there will still be Toby
Canyon, and the Paradise mines beyond, eight
thousand feet in the air, and Swansea Peak.
Lake Windermere
Lake Windermere lies in a long and beautiful
valley traversed by two rivers, between the main
line of the Rockies and the smaller but equally
spectacular Selkirk Range. It is a warm'water lake
over ten miles in length and from one to three
miles in breadth, surrounded by bench land, much
of which has recently been transformed by irrigation
into good farm land. Behind the benches are the
foothills, and then the towering, jagged mountains
typical of this region.
Lake Windermere, although one of the newer
tourist regions of the Canadian Rockies, is not
without fame, for it is the source of the mighty
Columbia River, the most important waterway
that flows into the North Pacific. Nor is it without
history, for the explorer David Thompson dis'
covered it as long ago as 1807, and established a
trading post at Kootenai House. But although its
charm has always been known to the "old'timers"
who have pioneered in this lovely valley, it is only
since the construction of a railway a few years ago
that the outside world has taken any real notice of it.
A Fine Circle Trip
The Columbia River Highway, referred to pre*
viously, connects at its northern end (Golden)
with the "Kicking Horse Trail," between Golden,
Field, Lake Louise and Banff. It is possible to
take the circle of Banff National Park, Kootenay
Park and Yoho Park, without traversing the same
ground. This is the most magnificent motor'drive
of the entire American continent.
The Lariat Trail
During the summer season, commencing June
30th, a Three Day Circle Trip, "The Lariat Trail,"
will be operated every Monday and Thursday,
or any day with a minimum of four passengers,
over this route from Banff via the Banff'Windermere
Road, Golden, and back to the starting point.
The first day is spent at Castle Mountain Bungalow
Camp (lunch) and Radium Hot Springs Bungalow
Camp (sleep). The second day is spent at Golden
(lunch) and Emerald Lake (sleep). On the third
day the run is along the Kicking Horse Pass, stopping
for lunch at Lake Louise, and back to Banff.
The distance of this trip is 300 miles. The rate
is $30.00 per person (not including meals or lodgings).
*SPb
Page Thirty-Eight MOUNT ASSINIBOINE CAMP
Mount Assiniboine Camp
Mount Assiniboine—aptly termed the "Matter'
horn of the Canadian Rockies"—rises in impressive
grandeur to a height of n,86o feet in the centre of
one of the most magnificent mountain regions in the
world. At the foot of this peak, and near the shore
of Lake Magog, is situated a comfortable and well'
equipped log cabin operated by Mrs. W. A.
Brewster, widely known horsewoman, and famous
for her Dude Ranch at Kananaskis in the wonderful
Alberta foothills. Mrs. Brewster in taking over the
Assiniboine Camp this season is able to open an
entirely new field for those who have learned to
love the foothill and more particularly the mountain
trails, in that she is establishing regular trips be
tween her Kananaskis Dude Ranch and the snug
and comfortable camp in the shadow of Mount
Assiniboine.
This camp is 35 miles from Banff and will also be
reached from there by a two'days' horseback ride
over the spectacular new trail by way of Brewster
Creek, or by a longer trip via the Spray Lakes.
Return journey can be made by travelling the
beautiful summit country in the vicinity of Mount
Assiniboine, through the heather and flowers of
Simpson Pass and then down Healey Creek. A
half'way cabin has been established as an overnight
stop for the convenience of those making the trip via
Brewster Creek. The rates are extremely reasonable
and average $10.00 a day per person, American plan,
this including saddle horse.
*a?5
Page Thrty-J<[ine BANFF will be Gay This Season
—and the climber will look down to a new golf course,
now in perfect condition—to a new $100,000 golf house
where Stoney Indian caddies serve the Royal and Ancient
game—to the world's smartest mountain hostelry—to terraced gardens—to the two swimming pools, one of warm
sulphur water—to four en tout cas tennis courts—to the
river—to the road and the trails for motor or horseback—
to lakes and streams where trout wait hungrily.
Visit Banff this summer—climb, ride, ramble, golf, play tennis,
swim, and at night dance in the great ballroom to a suave orchestra.
There are concert artists for your entertainment and a series of thrills
like the Highland Gathering and Indian Days spread over the season.
Banff  Springs   Hotel   offers   special   rates   to
its  longer term or resident guests.
A   CANADIAN   PACIFIC   HOTEL CANADIAN PACIFIC AGENCIES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
CANADA AND UNITED STATES
Atlanta Georgia—K. A. Cook, General Agent Passenger Dept  1017 Healey Bldg
Banff Alberta—J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent        * '       C. P. R. Station.
Boston Massachusetts—L. R. Hart, General Agent Passenger Dept. 405 Boylston St
Buffalo New York—W. P. Wass, General Agent Passenger Dept. 160 Pearl St.
Calgary Alberta—G. D. Brophy, District Passenger Agent    .'■ C. P. R. Station.
Chicago Illinois—T. J. Wall, General Agent Rail Traffic 71 East Jackson Blvd.
Cincinnati..... Ohio—M. E. Malone, General Agent Passenger Dept 201 Dixie Terminal Bldg.
Cleveland Ohio—G. H. Griffin, General Agent Passenger Dept 1010 Chester Ave
Dallas Texas—A. Y. Chancellor, Travelling Passenger Agent 906 Kirby Bldg
Detroit Michigan—G. G. McKay, General Agent Passenger Dept 1231 Washington Blvd
Edmonton Alberta—C. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent   C. P. R. Bldg
Fort William.., Ontario—H. J. Skynner, City Passenger Agent 108 So. May St
Guelph  . .Ontario—W. C. Tully, City Passenger Agent 30 Wyndham St.
Halifax Nova Scotia—A. C. McDonald, City Passenger Agent 117 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ontario—A. Craig, City Passenger Agent  Cor. King and James Sts.
Honolulu T.H.—Theo.H. Davies & Co.
Juneau Alaska—W. L. Coates, Agent.
Kansas City Missouri—R. G. Norris, City Passenger Agent 723 Walnut St.
Ketchikan Alaska—E. Anderson, Agent.
Kingston Ontario—J. H. Welch, City Passenger Agent 180 Wellington St.
London Ontario—H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent 417 Richmond St.
Los Angeles California—W. Mcllroy, General Agent Passenger Dept 621 So. Grand Ave.
Memphis Tennessee—E. A. Humler, Travelling Pass'r Agent         Porter Bldg.
Milwaukee Wisconsin—F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent 68 East Wisconsin Ave.
Minneapolis Minnesota—H. M. Tait, General Agent Passenger Dept 611 2nd Ave. South
™     *,««i r>„0K^ iP- E> Gingras, District Passenger Agent. Windsor Station
Montreal Quebec ^F c  Lydori( General Agent Passenger Dept 201 St. James St. W.
Moose Jaw Saskatchewan—T. J. Colton, Ticket Agent  Canadian Pacific Station
Nelson British Columbia—J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent Baker and Ward Sts.
New York New York—F. R. Perry, General Agent Rail Traffic. Madison Ave. at 44th St.
North Bay Ontario—C. H. White, District Passenger Agent  87 Main Street West
Ottawa Ontario—J. A. McGill, General Agent Passenger Dept 83 Sparks St.
Peterboro  .Ontario—J. Skinner, City Passenger Agent George St.
Philadelphia Pennsylvania—J. C. Patteson, General Agent Pass'r Dept  1500 Locust St.
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania—W. A. Shackelford, General Agent Passenger Dept 338 Sixth Ave.
Portland Oregon—W. H. Deacon, General Agent Passenger Dept     148A Broadwav
Prince Rupert. .British Columbia—W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec  . Quebec—C. A. Langevin, General Agent Passenger Dept Palais Station
Regina Saskatchewan—J. W. Dawson, District Passenger Agent Canadian Pacific Station
Saint John New Brunswick—G. E. Carter, District Passenger Agent 40 King St.
St. Louis Missouri—Geo. P. Carbrey, General Agent Passenger Dept .412 Locust St.
St. Paul Minnesota—W. H. Lennon, General Agent Passenger Dept., Soo Line.Robert and Fourth St.
San Francisco California—F. L. Nason, General Agent Passenger Dept 675 Market St.
Saskatoon Saskatchewan—R. T. Wilson, City Ticket Agent 115 Second Ave.
Sault Ste. Marie Ontario—R. S. Merifield, City Passenger Agent 529 Queen Street
Seattle Washington—E. L. Sheehan, General Agent Passenger Dept 1320 Fourth Ave.   '
Sherbrooke Quebec—J. A. Metivier, City Passenger Agent 91 Wellington St. North
Skagway Alaska—L. H. Johnston, Agent.
Spokane Washington—E. L. Cardie, Traffic Manager, S.I. Ry Old Nat. Bank Bldg.
Tacoma Washington—D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
(W. Fulton, Assistant General Passenger Agent .Canadian Pacific Building
Toronto Ontario <H. R. Mathewson, General Agent Passenger Dept... .Canadian Pacific Building
(G. B. Burpee, District Passenger Agent Union Stn., Room 367
Vancouver British Columbia—F. H. Daly, District Passenger Agent 434 Hastings Street West
Victoria British Columbia—L. D. Chetham, District Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
Washington.District of Columbia—C. E. Phelps, General Agent Pass'r Dept 14th and New York Ave.
Windsor Ontario—W. C. Elmer, City Passenger Agent 34 Sandwich St., West
Winnipeg Manitoba—C. B. Andrews, District Passenger Agent Main and Portage
EUROPE
Antwerp Belgium—E. A. Schmitz     25 Quai Jordaens
Belfast Ireland—W. H. Boswell ' 14 Donegall Place
Birmingham England—W. T. Treadaway 4 Victoria Square
Bristol England—A. S. Ray 18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brussels Belgium—G. L. M. Servais 98 Blvd. Adolphe-Max
Glasgow Scotland—W. Stewart     25 Bothwell St.
Hamburg Germany—T. H. Gardner .Gansemarkt 3
Liverpool England—H. T. Penny  Pier Head
• ,     ,  /C. E. Jenkins 62-65 Charing Cross, S.W. 1
London England |G  Saxon Jones 103 Leadenhall St. E.C. 3
Manchester England—-J. W. Maine 31 Mosley Street
Paris France—A. V. Clark.   24 Blvd. des Capucines
Rotterdam Holland—J. S. Springett Coolsingel No. 91
Southampton England—H. Taylor 7 Canute Road
ASIA
Hong Kong China—G. E. Costello, General Agent Passenger Dept Opposite Blake Pier
Kobe . . . Japan—B. G. Ryan, Passenger Agent 7 Harima Machi
Manila Philippine Islands—J. R. Shaw, General Agent 14-16 Calle David, Roxas Bldg.
Shanghai China—A. M. Parker, General Agent Passenger Dept No. 4 The Bund
Yokohama Japan—E. Hospes, General Agent Passenger Dept 21 Yamashita-cho
AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, ETC.
J. Sclater, Traffic Manager, Can. Pac. Ry., for Australia and New Zealand, Union House, Sydney, N.S.W.
A. W. Essex, PassengerManager, Can. Pac. Ry., for New Zealand, Auckland, N.Z.
Adelaide South Australia—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Auckland New Zealand—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Brisbane Queensland—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Christchurch New Zealand—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Dunedin New Zealand—LTnion S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Fremantle West Australia—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Hobart Tasmania—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Launceston Tasmania—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
., ,, ,T. .    .     | Harry   Bover,   Pass'r  Rep., C.P.R., 59  Williams  St.
Melbourne Victoria j Union  s g Co of New Zealand (Ltd;) Thos. Cook & Son.
Perth West Australia—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Suva Fiji—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Sydney       New South Wales—LTnion S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
(Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Wellington New Zealand < j. T. Campbell, Trav. Pass'r Agt. Can. Pac. Ry., c/o Union Steamship Coy's
(Bldg.
Always Carry Canadian Pacific Express Travellers' Cheques—Good the World Over
This cover printed in Canada, 1930. 

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