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eT7ie patronage of Beau Brummell,
that famed exqvAsite of the 18th
century, led his crony, the Prince
of Wales, and the nobility of all
England to the salon of the great
Schweitzer, to whom the cut of
a coat was a fine art
OT     A     DISCRIMINATING       CLIENTELE
The designing and building of a
Packard calls for a finely balanced
measure of many arts, crafts and
sciences. Packard's mastery in each
has resulted in a world-wide reputation for beauty, performance and
long life.
Wherever Americans travel they are
reminded of home and of their
home land's preeminence in motor
car design and manufacture by the
frequent sight of the familiar Packard
lines. For literally it may be said that
the sun never sets on the Packard.
More Packards are exported every
year than any other make in its price
PACKARD
class. In 1930 nearly twice as many
Packards were sold in foreign lands
as any other car costing over $2,000.
Abroad as at home, Packard dominates the fine car market.
For the world has learned that
Packard excellence, while higher in
price, really costs no more when
luxurious service throughout an unusually long life is considered. So
Packard domestic and export sales
alike continue to mount as more
and more people advance themselves
into Packard ownership—at owner-
ship charges no greater than they
have been used to paying.
ASK
THE
MAN
WHO
OWNS
ONE
 ■— ($Jr-
m^y
KNOW what altitude does to a fellow? It
- clears his brain and his eye, limbers his
muscles, puts added zest and brilliance into
everything he does—and his golf shows it
Here's a 6,500 yard course—$450,000 worth of
spectacular play, including the newClub House
at the 19th hole. Blue grass fairways, bent
grass greens. First drive—ker-blam across the
Spray, boiling for balls. Other notable holes
—"Gibraltar," 460 yards dog-legged around
Mt. Rundle, "Cauldron," amashie lift across
a mountain lake, "Little Bow," a 165-yard
carry over rapids that test concentration ...
Back of it all stands a $9,000,000 hotel—with
warm sulphur or cool glacial swimming
pools, 4 tennis courts, 60 saddle horses,
corralsful of mountain ponies, cowboys
straight from the rodeo, Indian archers, Swiss
guides—chefs who rival Paris—and a 10-
piece dance orchestra.
Come up this summer and stay! . . .
Special monthly rates, European Plan for typical room with
bath, single—$8 up per day; double—$12 up. Period suites for
two, $28 up. Special servants' quarters. Room rates about 20%
lower during May, June, Sept. But arrange for all summer long.
American Plan also, May 15—June 15 and Sept. 7 to 30, for
stay one week or longer, room with bath and meals, single, $10
per day; double, $18 per day. Hotel opens May 15th.
Reservations, rates, information, from—
344 Madison Ave.
NEW YORK
405 Boylston St.
BOSTON
160 Pearl St.
BUFFALO
Banff isn't "just another course'
#        it's a mile-high
Golfing Epic!
A CANADIAN PACIFIC HOTEL
IN THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
1500 Locust St.
PHILADELPHIA
SPRINGS
14th &N. Y.Ave., N.W.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
338 Sixth Ave.
PITTSBURGH
1017HeaIeyBldg.
ATLANTA
1010 Chester Ave.
CLEVELAND
201 Dixie T'm'n'l Bldg.       71E. Jackson Blvd.
CINCINNATI CHICAGO
1231 Washington Blvd.       611 2nd Ave. So. 412 Locust St. 675 Market St. 621 So. Grand Ave. 1320 Fourth Ave.
DETROIT MINNEAPOLIS ST. LOUIS SAN FRANCISCO LOS ANGELES SEATTLE
Or Banff Springs Hotel, BANFF, Alberta.   Offices in other large cities of the United States and Canada.
LOW FARE   PACIFIC COAST   EXCURSIONS —MAY 15TH —SEPTEMBER   30TH.    ASK   FOR PACIFIC COAST TOURS, ALASKA, AND CONDUCTED TOURS FOLDERS fo r   June    1934
SOCIAL  DIARY
109
Annual Dinner of the East End Hostels Association, at Stationers' Hall, in aid of
the John Benn Hostel, Stepney.
The Green Howards Dinner, at the United Service Club.
East Surrey Regiment Dinner, at the Naval and Military Club.
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Dinner, at the Army and Navy Club.
i4th/2oth Hussars Dinner, at the Cavalry Club.
The Green Howards Reception, at the Dorchester.
A Dinner-Dance given by Miss Barbara Hussey, for Miss Sylvia Collie, at the
Berkeley Hotel.
JUNE 22—Ampleforth Dance, at Claridge's.
Honourable Artillery Company, Flank Companies' Annual Ball, at   Armoury
House, Finsbury.
A Dance given by Lady Luke, for her daughter, the Hon. Pearl Lawson Johnston,
at 29 Portman Square.
A Dance given by Judge and Mrs. Woodcock, for their granddaughter, Miss
Felicity Stirling, at 16 Bruton Street.
A Dance given by Mrs. Orlando Wagner and Mrs. George Davidson, for their
daughters, Miss Rosalind Wagner and Miss Georgette Davidson, at Spencer
House.
Free Forester Ball, at the Dorchester.
Salonika Army and Black Sea Forces Dinner, at the Cafe Royal.
Hampshire Regiment Dinner, at the Army and Navy Club.
Royal Ulster Rifles Dinner, at the May Fair Hotel.
Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry Dinner, at the United Service
Club.
The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) Dinner, at the Trocadero Restaurant.
Royal Welch Fusiliers Dinner, at the^Naval and Military Club.
99th Buckinghamshire and Berkshire Yeomanry Brigade Dinner, at the Cavalry
Club.
H.M. Yacht Officers Dinner, at the Trocadero Restaurant.
JUNE 23—The Prince of Wales's Birthday.
JUNE 25—A Dance given by Lady Mildred Fitzgerald, for her daughter, Miss
Jean Follett.
A Dance given by the Hon. Mrs. William Borthwick, for her daughter. Miss
Valerie Borthwick.
Desert Mounted Corps Dinner, at the Hotel Victoria.
King's Company Dinner, at Claridge's.
Third Guards Club Dinner, at the Savoy Hotel.
JUNE 26—Prince George presides at the Dinner in aid of the Institute of Medical
Psychology, at the Savoy Hotel.
The Jubilee Ball in aid of the Children's Country Holidays Fund, at the Dorchester.
Matinee Performance in aid of the Princess Royal Nurseries, Queen Charlotte's
Hospital, at the London Hippodrome.
Royal Empire Society Annual Reception, at the Imperial Institute.
A Dance given by Viscountess Bearsted and Mrs. Hamilton of Skene, for Miss
Jean Hamilton, at 1 Carlton Gardens.
A Dance given by Mrs. Edward Hunter, for her daughter, Miss Lisba Hunter, at
5 Upper Phillimore Gardens.
18th Royal Garhwal Rifles Dinner, at the Trocadero Restaurant.
King George's Own Bengal Sappers and Miners Dinner, at the Army and Navy
Club.
JUNE 27—Garden Party in connection with the Centenary Celebrations of
University College Hospital, at St. James's Palace.
A Dance given by Lady Heron-Maxwell and Mrs. Hugh Parker, for Miss Rosamund
Timpson and Miss Camilla Parker.
A Dance given by Mrs. John Smyth-Osbourne, for her daughter, Miss Rosemarie
Lucas-Tooth, at Sunderland House.
Sikh Brigade Dinner, at the United Service Club.
Sudan Dinner, at the Trocadero Restaurant.
Madras Dinner, at the Trocadero Restaurant.
Lincolnshire Regiment Dinner, at the Army and Navy Club.
Royal Signals Dinner, at the Junior United Service Club.
JUNE 28—Children's Party in aid of the Hospital for Sick Children, Great
Ormond Street, in the Gardens of Marlborough House (lent by the Prince of
Wales).
A Dance given by Lady Norah Bentinck, Mrs. Leland Buxton and Mrs. Reginald
Hoare, for Miss Diana Buxton and Miss Anne  Hoare, at 41   Grosvenor
Square.
A Dance given by Mrs. Basil Kerr for Miss Diana Kerr, at 43 Belgrave Square.
Ladies' Carlton Club Ball.
The King's Regiment Dinner, at the Naval and Military Club.
London Scottish Officers' Dinner, at the May Fair Hotel.
Durham Light Infantry Dinner, at the United Service Club.
JUNE 29—A Dance given by Lady Newnes, for Miss Rosemary Haslam.
A Dance given by Mrs. Richard Chetwynd-Stapylton, for her daughter, Miss
Helen Chetwynd-Stapylton, at 41 Grosvenor Square.
Royal Artillery (Summer) Ball, at the Royal Artillery Mess, Woolwich.
Beaumont Dance, at the May Fair Hotel.
19th Corps Headquarters Dinner, at the Cafe Royal.
Royal Munster Fusiliers Dinner, at the Army and Navy Club.
Royal Irish Fusiliers Dinner, at the United Service Club.
South Staffordshire Regiment Dinner, at the Hotel Victoria.
South Staffordshire Regiment At Home, at the Hotel Victoria.
JUNE 30—All England Lawn Tennis Club Dinner, at the Trocadero Restaurant.
JULY 2—Indian Empire and Eastern Garden Party, at the Hurlingham Club.
A small Dance given by Mrs. Bertram Morgan, for her daughters, Miss Yvonne and
Miss Pamela Kennedy.
A Dance given by Mrs. Leslie Finnis, for her daughter, Miss Daphne Finnis.
A small Dance given by Mrs. Arthur Ellis, for her daughter, Miss Betsann Winter-
Rose, at Bedford House, Chiswick Mall.
J UL Y 3—The Duchess of York receives purses at a Garden Party in aid of the
National Council for Maternity and Child Welfare, at St. James's Palace.
A Dance given by Mrs. Barneby and Lady Enid Tumor, for Miss Diana Barneby,
at 53 Prince's Gate.
A Dance given by Mrs. Ramsden-Jodrell, for her daughter, Miss Angela Ramsden-
Jodrell, at Sunderland House.
JULY 4—A Dance given by the Hon. Lady Fry, for her daughter, Miss Jennifer
Fry.
A Dance given by Lady Holden, for her daughter, the Hon. Donna Diana Hoi den.
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152 REGENT ST. & 58 NEW BOND ST., LONDON, W.I NO
CANADA
Harper's
SOCIAL   DIARY
sazaar
MONTMORENCY FALLS
NIPIGON
KENORA
THE PRAIRIES
THE ROCKIES
BANFF
LARIAT TRAIL
EMERALD LAKE
YOHO VALLEY
TAKAKKAW FALLS
VANCOUVER
VICTORIA
KICKING HORSE PASS
KETTLE VALLEY
LAKE LOUISE
NIAGARA FALLS      1
OTTAWA
TORONTO
MONTREAL
etc., etc.
Be original! Strike out for "something different" in holidays this
Summer. Come to Canada, the
World's newest " worthwhile"
vacation locale. Sun and Sea,
Forests, Prairies, Mountains, and
Lakes. Surprises at every turn—
things you've never seen before, a
welcome you'll never forget. Travel independently or, if you wish,
choose one of our accompanied
Tours at moderate " all-in " fares.
I ACROSS CANADA TOUR
A magnificent 12,000 miles Tour, starting from Liverpool
July 27 by s.s. Duchess of Bedford, crossing to Quebec
via the smooth and picturesque St. Lawrence Seaway,
and visiting in comfort all the principal Cities, Towns,
and Beauty Spots across Canada from the Atlantic Coast
to the Pacific. This Super-holiday sightseeing tour
(which will be personally accompanied  throughout)   em-
W0      braces much of  the Empire's most  spectacular scenery.
;.':M        Tour duration, 7 weeks.
lfj New low fare covers everything.
SHORT TOURS
Also 14 short Conducted Tours to Eastern Canada and U.S.A.,
leaving June to September—varying in duration from 21 to 30 days,
and visiting (according to itinerary) :—
Quebec, Montreal,   Ottawa, Toronto, Niagara Falls,
French River,  Chicago,     Detroit,   Washington,   New York,
Boston, Albany,       &c.
New low fares cover everything.
Write for Illustrated Canadian Tours Handbook.
CANADIAN  PACIFIC
WORLD'S  GREATEST  TRAVEL  SYSTEM
62-65 Charing Cross (Trafalgar Square), London, S.W.i.
103 Leadenhall Street, London, E.C.3, or Local Agents Everywhere.
Always   cany   Canadian   Pacific   Express   Travellers'   Cheques — safe   and   convenient.
Hotels
THE BERKELEY RESTAUR A NT—Dancing to Al Collins and the Berkeley
Dance Orchestra.    An entertainment.    Extension night, Wednesday.
THE DORCHESTER RESTAURANT— Jack Jackson and his Band, and a
cabaret from the Paradise Club, New York. Stars : Sunny O'Dea, Marguerite and Leroy. Master of Ceremonies, Naunton Wayne. Mistress of
Ceremonies, Edith Roark.    Extension night, Thursday.
THE GROSVENOR HOUSE REST A URA NT—Dancing to the Grosvenor House
Band, directed by Sydney Lipton, and Moschetto's Dance Orchestra. The
Grosvenor Gaieties, including a new speciality number for Pamela Foster
and Bob Lindon.    Extension night, Thursday.
THE MAY FAIR RESTAURANT—Dancing to Harry Roy and his Band.
Cabarets at 10 o'clock and midnight.    Extension night, Thursday.
THE SAVOY RESTAURANT—Dancing to Carroll Gibbons and the Savoy
Hotel Orpheans, and Geraldo and his Orchestra. Entertainments on the
Rising Floor at 10.15 p.m. and midnight. The Three Sailors will entertain
during part of June.    Extension night, Thursday.
Restaurants
BLUE TRAIN—Dancing to Billy Gerhardi's Orchestra from 9.30 p.m. until
2 a.m.    A cabaret at midnight.    Extension night, Tuesday.
CAFE ANGLAIS—Dancing to Louis Simmonds and his Band from 9.30 p.m.
until 2 a.m.    An entertainment.    Extension night, Friday.
CAFE] DE PARIS—Dancing to Howard Jacobs and his Band. Sophie Tucker
entertains.    Extension night, Wednesday.
CIRO'S CLUB (Members only)—Dancing to Maurice Winnick's Dance Orchestra from 9.45 p.m. to 2 a.m.    An entertainment.    Extension night, Tuesday.
EMBASSY (Members only)—Dancing to Ambrose and his Orchestra. Extension night, Thursday.
HUNGARIA—A Tzigane Orchestra, under the leadership of George Garay, plays
from 7.30 till closing, alternating with dance music by Alwyn Saxon's
Hungaria Band.
MONSEIGNEUR—Dancing to Jack Harris and Lew Stone and their Orchestras.
Mantovani's Orchestra. Lucienne Boyer entertains. Extension night,
Thursday.
QUAGLINO'S—Van Straten and his Orchestra and Gregori's Quartette play in
the Restaurant and Grill.    Cabaret.    Extension night, Wednesday.
looking over the world
(Continued from page 62)
trained to judge the distance of fast-
moving objects.
(3) Mental stability (a hard thing to
acquire and a harder thing to preserve
in this age of cigarettes, coffee, cocktails, divorces, and bright or brilliant
women). To sugar the pill, I will add
that highly strung women can be mentally stable—at least, the medical
authorities say so !  .  .  .
(4) And lastly, a will to keep well,
since it is very inadvisable to develop
headaches, sciatica, corns, or fainting
fits in the air. With these assets in
hand, there is every reason to believe
that we have many potential Winifred
Spooners and Amy Mollisons in our
midst.
Apart from this, there are many
other reasons which should induce us
to fly: the development of the
autogiro, which anyone can learn to
control in five minutes, and which is
as safe as a tricycle (that is really why
it is so little used) ; the advances made
in gliding (just think of the benefits
accruing to our allowances when we
shall be able to "go places " on the
wind—that is to say, if a company does
COPYRIGHT,  1934,  BY
not get a monopoly on hot and cold
air, and the right to make a charge on
ascending and descending currents) ;
the multiplication of delightful clubs
which are but an excuse for fresh air,
tea, and good-looking young pilots ;
and last but not least, the fact that in
the near future our letters will all travel
by air, and that Great Britain will be
covered by a spider's web of air
services, aerodromes, and landing
grounds.
Children are now quite blase regarding air travel. Some use the air liners
to travel unaccompanied to Baghdad
or to Nairobi. Lady Mary Vane-
Tempest-Stewart, the twelve-year-old
daughter of Lord Londonderry, already
pilots an aeroplane like an old hand,
although she will not be eligible for a
licence until she reaches the age of
seventeen. The next generation is
decidedly air-minded, and that is my
last argument in favour of flying. We
cannot afford to be scorned by our children even if we are prepared to agree
with our husbands on one point, namely,
that women are growing wings but
are no nearer to becoming angels.
ARTHE  BAYLIS,  IN  THE  U.S.A.
A  SHIP-AN   ISLE-"
(Continued from page 32)
and bed at seven. Tearing oneself
away is tragic, but a cruise can't
stagnate, so on slowly up Spain's coast,
stopping at the small ports, talking to
the gay Spaniards till France looms on
the horizon. If you are pining for
your friends, there is Nice, Monte,
Cannes—if not Corsica, still actually
featuring authentic brigands. And
from there Italy is but a short step.
There is Naples—we all know Naples.
There is the enchanted island of Capri,
with its blue, red and green grottos,
and oranges that seem to taste better
than any others. Then to Sicily:
Taormina, a town of beauty—and
wickedness, some say; Etna smoking;
Malta; or to the Isles of Greece,
Athens and the Acropolis. Then back
up the Dalmatian coast, unknown to
me but much loved by those who have
seen it, and so slowly up to Venice, the
bride of the sea.
How I would love all these beauties
and delights. How jolly to be on the
sea, anyway. What fun to meet other
yachts to signal to. Why, there sails
the Alice. Who is on her ? Lord
Beaverbrook and a party. There goes
Mr. Ernest Guinness's yacht. Mrs.
Corrigan has a party this year. Whose
is that neat, war-like boat ? It is the
Duke of Westminster's Cutty Sark.
She was a destroyer once upon a time.
That very big yacht belongs to Lord
Moyne. She was a cross-channel ship
once, and her luxury and comfort surpass all belief. Her owner could go
round the world in her.
My dream fades. It is too good a
dream to come true, but who knows
. . . some day . . . Harper's    Bazaar   for    May    1937
THE ROYAL FAMILY
(Continued from page 53)
133
receive them now, bowing officials will
dog their footsteps, presentations will
have to be made. There will be no
more dinners in discreet restaurants,
partnering each other afterwards to the
strains of a favourite orchestra. In
future, their dancing can only be done
at Court Balls and receptions given
by the great London hostesses. No
wonder their home life seems doubly
precious to them now.
Playing the gramophone to their
young daughters and reading aloud to
them from five till six are a recognised
and happy part of their daily routine.
King George V, who adored his grandchildren, gave Princess Margaret Rose
a magnificent collection of military
band marches. These martial strains
are her favourite musical form at the
moment (" soldiers' music," she calls
it). Her collection is constantly added
to by her father.
Dogs are everywhere in the Royal
home, and they are adored. Welsh
Corgis and Labradors are the favourites, and a much-loved Scotch pony,
belonging to Princess Elizabeth, comes
right up to the door for his sugar
every morning. One wonders how
he will manage this daily visit when the
Royal Family moves to vast Balmoral,
with its acres of green lawn and miles
of neatly gravelled drive. When
Birkhall is left behind, there will be no
more trotting across the stable yard
and poking a velvety nose into the
schoolroom window for that spoilt,
shaggy friend of the little Princess who
may one day be our Queen. Life
will inevitably be more formal and full
of responsibilities for her too. Constitutional history must be studied now,
Geography will take on a new meaning
and she must learn to be, like her
father, a skilful judge of men and
women.
Someone once said, with a sincerity
that made up for any undue familiarity,
that our new King had " a wonderful
nose " for efficient and first-rate men.
He has shown himself to be an admirable picker in his choice of friends—his
choice of executives is sure to be equally
sound. His is an orderly, shrewd, well-
balanced brain ; inefficiency irritates
him almost unbearably, and he has no
use for those lacking in a sense of responsibility. Sincerity is the quality
both he and the Queen value most in
their friends. Lady Annaly, Lady
Plunket and Lady Doris Vyner have
this complete honesty and freedom
from affectation, and so have Lord and
Lady Allendale, all of them intimates.
The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester
are bound to Their Majesties by this
same simplicity of outlook as well as by
a thousand other tastes in common.
I Our two Scotch Duchesses," the
Queen and her sister-in-law used to be
called by their proud compatriots.
They are both daughters of noble and
ancient Scottish houses, both love the
country and country ways, both are
happiest in the open air or leading a
simple life at home, both go hatless out
of doors whenever they can. Queen
Elizabeth is inflexibly firm about
clothes, in her own soft sweet way!
When her august mother and father-in-
law told her they did not much care for
her hats (something a little more impor-
I tant was needed, in their opinion, than
the becoming little bonnet-shaped caps
she wore on the back of her pretty
head) she showed the deepest and most
genuine concern, but her hats remained
practically unchanged.
In time, criticism ceased, and they
grew to like her personal taste in clothes
very much indeed. The little fringe,
too, that she has worn ever since she
was a child, has been threatened with
the scissors more than once, by enterprising, ultra-chic members of her
family. But it remains. Plastic curls
and off the face coiffures are not for
her, the Queen says, and like our
beloved Queen Mary, she has justified
her distinct and personal touch in the
matter of clothes over and over again.
No one who saw her driving past in
her carriage in the Jubilee procession
will ever forget the exquisite appropriateness of her appearance. The
pastel colours she favours are exactly
right for her. A graceful softness
characterises everything about her,
including her lovely speaking voice.
She has a genuine flair for her own
particular style, and furs, especially
silver foxes, she adores.
She is domesticated, a keen housekeeper, interested in cooking, stresses
the religious education of her children,
and never fails to take them to church
herself on Sunday mornings. Their
lessons with their French governess
are personally supervised by both
parents, who often join in triumphant
games of " rounders " and " touch
wood " in the garden after tea.
Bicycles and tricycles are the little
Princesses favourite form of locomotion,
after pony riding, and Hamilton
Gardens used to resound with their
triumphant shouts as they raced each
other, on one wheel, round and round
the neat flower beds, and in and out of
the carefully clipped laurel bushes.
Now they play in the gardens of
Buckingham Palace, where little Prince
Edward of Kent sometimes joins them
in the afternoons, his pram following
sedately in the track of his flying
cousins.
Queen Elizabeth, when she wants to
rest and relax, likes reading and knitting. Shooting and tennis are the King's
favourite outdoor pursuits, at both of
which he excels. His tennis is very
good, and he is an excellent shot,
especially with the rifle.
The Queen's day is carefully organised—not a moment can be wasted,
her time is as precious as gold. In the
morning she sees her Lady-in-waiting,
goes through the day's correspondence,
plans the smooth running of household
affairs. "Functions" (that word is a
Royal bugbear !) take up most of her
afternoons—then comes the children's
hour, the best hour of the day for the
Royal mother, during which she can
relax and forget her many new engagements  and  responsibilities.
The little Princesses work as hard as
most children of their ages, but no
harder. Their governess is resident
during term time only. Their curriculum includes dancing lessons from
Miss Vacani; German lessons as well
as French : other languages will
come later on. The Queen feels that
their importance cannot be over-
stressed. It is impossible to understand the foreign point of view without
them, she maintains, and in these days,
when our Royalties so often have to
act as liaison officers between countries,
this understanding is a very big part
of their job.
Getting on with their job ! That is
how our Royal Family look upon the
crowded existence modern life forces
upon them, and very splendidly they
do it. Loss of privacy, little leisure
and the nervous strain imposed by
constant public appearances are all
part of their daily work, and they
never grumble. The Queen's sweet
smile never varies, the King's memory
for faces and old friends is as keen at
the finish of a long, tiring day as it is
at the beginning. But theirs is a task
that never ends.
In everything they do, our new
Royal pair show their wonderful sense
of balance—of " design for living."
They believe in finding the happy mean
somewhere between the rigid dignity
of the older regime and the hectic,
standardless informality of the present
generation. Their innate good taste,
humour and common sense are likely
to prove invaluable in the difficult
transition period into which the world
has entered, and England is lucky
indeed to have a King and Queen so
representative of all that is best in
the English character.
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NEW POWDER Sfy
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SOME   ENGLISH   CORONATIONS
(Continued from page gg)
and Roger le Poer, Bishop of Salisbury.
Both wanted the honour of marrying
the Royal couple ; the Archbishop of
Canterbury won. This gave Henry I
the chance of insisting that it was his
favourite Roger le Poer's turn to have
some fun and that he should crown
them. Roger le Poer had already
placed the diadem on his monarch's
brow when the Archbishop arrived
and asked sternly, " Who put that
crown on your head ? " Henry said
evasively that if anything was wrong
it could be done again. Whereupon
the old Primate struck the King
smartly on the head with his crosier,
knocked off the crown and recrowned
him. This was probably the first
and last time in English history that
the Archbishop struck the King on the
head with a crosier.
Henry II at his coronation in 1154
wore short hair and moustaches and a
shaven chin. The Church in those
days was earnest against married
women showing their hair in public
and against men wearing long hair.
But when Henry I had cut off his curls
and forbidden long hair at Court, his
resourceful courtiers had adopted
periwigs; indeed it looks from his
effigy on his coins as though King
Stephen had worn a wig. The Church
fulminated majestically against wigs,
too.
Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
had the most magnificent coronation
England had seen. She had brought
from Constantinople mantles of silk
and brocade of new fashion and splendid
texture. For the first time in London
ecclesiastics wore silk and velvet
worked in gold, in imitation of the
Greek Church. The Queen herself
wore a wimple with a circlet of jewels,
a kirtle fastened with full gathers
under the throat kept in place by a
rich jewelled collar, a fur-bordered
outer robe with full, loose, ermine-
lined sleeves elegantly showing the
tight kirtle sleeves beneath.
King John secured Isabella of
Angouleme, who was betrothed to
another, by a sort of bogus abduction
with her parents' consent. Clement
Fitz-William was paid thirty-three
shillings for strewing Westminster
Hall with herbs and rushes at her
coronation, and Eustace the chaplain
and Ambrose the songster received
twenty-five shillings for singing Christus
Vicit. The Queen herself was only
given three cloaks of fine linen, one of
scarlet cloth and one grey pelisse at a
cost of twelve pounds five shillings
and fourpence.
In 1216, only nine days after the
death of John, his little son was
crowned. He was nine years old.
England was in a turmoil, so his
brother Richard was sent to Ireland
because it was so tranquil and loyal
and safe. The crown, of course, had
been lost in the Wash, and Henry III
was crowned with a gold throat-collar
of Isabella's.
Henry III redecorated the palace of
Westminster for his Provencal bride
Eleanor and gave her a gorgeous
coronation. There was an equestrian
procession of three hundred and sixty
citizens in long garments embroidered
in gold and colours, each holding a
gold or silver cup. With the King's
trumpeters sounding before them they
rode their finely caparisoned horses
into the banqueting hall and served
the King and the company with wine.
At his coronation Henry was the first
king to wear a material of the ridiculous
name of baudekins, a shining cloth of
gold. Both he and his queen had
mantles lined with ermine, and he
spent thirty thousand pounds on her
jewellery.
Edward I and his Eleanor had
banquets served free to all classes of
their subjects in wooden buildings in
the palace yards for a whole fortnight
to celebrate their coronation. King
Alexander of Scotland with a hundred
knights, and a couple of English earls
with a hundred knights, came to do the
King honour. When these two hundred
and three persons alighted from their
two hundred and three horses they
turned them loose for whoever should
take them to possess.
Queen Isabella, the celebrated she-
wolf, brought a magnificent outfit for
her coronation with her from France.
Edward II also brought splendid
jewels, the presents of his father-in-law,
the King of France, all of which he
immediately handed to Piers Gaveston.
The Queen's annoyance gave the
nobles opportunity to say that if
Gaveston were not dismissed from
Court they would not attend the
coronation. The King promised everything, but when the time came it was
found that he had chosen Gaveston to
carry St. Edward's crown and had
placed him in charge of all the arrangements. These went off excessively
badly. The whole occasion was the
scene of the most provoking confusion
and disorder. Sir John Bakewell was
trampled to death, and what annoyed
the barons most of all, the dinner was
very late.
The coronation of Henry V's
Katharine was on February 24, 1421,
so to observe Lent they celebrated with
a fish feast. It is worth mentioning
that the second course was jelly,
coloured with columbine flowers ;
white potage or cream of almonds ;
bream of the sea ; conger ; soles ;
cheven, or chub ; barbel, with roach;
smelt, fried ; crayfish, or lobster;
leche, damasked with the King's motto
or word, flourished, une sans plus;
lamprey, fresh baked ; flampayne,
flourished with a scutcheon royal, and
therein three crowns of gold planted
with fleurs-de-lis and flowers of camomile, all wrought of confections . . . etc.
While in the third course a fresh
sturgeon with whelks, and a porpoise
roasted, figured among many other
dishes. This plethora of fish moved
Katharine to the only active benevolence ever recorded of her : she
befriended the Royal prisoner and
fellow feaster, James I of Scotland.
A good deal of the pageantry to
glorify the coronation of Richard III
and Anne had been prepared for
Edward V. The royal couple walked
barefoot on striped cloth into St.
Edward's shrine, Grafton records, and
a contemporary manuscript states that
they " put off their robes and stood all
naked from their waists upwards till
the bishop had anointed them." But
some spoil-sport explains that they
were wearing underclothes.
Henry VIII and Katharine of Aragon
proceeded in state through London
streets hung with tapestry. From the
Cornhill and Old Change the way was
lined with girls in white carrying palms
of white wax, marshalled and dragooned
by richly clad priests. At the coronation feast several ladies of high rank
sat under the table at the Queen's
feet holding her pocket handkerchief,
table-napkin, purse and fan.
For Anne Boleyn's coronation
Cornhill and Gracechurch Street were
hung with crimson and scarlet, most
of the Chepe with velvet and cloth of
gold. The palfreys that drew the
Queen's open litter were dressed—
even their heads—in white damask,
the litter was covered with cloth of
gold, and Anne wore a dress of silver
tissue, a silver tissue mantle lined with
ermine, her dark hair flowing loose with
a coif on her head and a coronet of
rubies. A flotilla of barges had escorted her from Greenwich to the
Tower for the occasion, with bands
playing sweetly on shalms and shag-
bushes, and figures of capering dragons
and monsters spitting wild-fire into
the Thames. There were many
pageants. At Gracechurch Street
corner was a fountain of Rhenish wine,
and the conduit of Cheapside ran one
side white wine and one side claret all
coronation afternoon.
Jane Seymour had no coronation :
it was first postponed on account of
pestilence and' then rendered impracticable by her death. Henry VIII
married Anne of Cleves with great
expense and splendour because he felt
it was too late to get out of it.    But he '£;
th mmm
FESTIVAL
MOSCOW
LENINGRAD
# No dates in the world of the stage gleam brighter than those
of the theatre festival in Moscow and Leningrad September
1 to 10 this year. The Soviet theatre is known for its greatness to
theatre lovers and people of the stage in every land. For the
fourth successive year, the leaders of the Soviet theatre, opera,
ballet and screen have arranged a program of the outstanding
productions from their famous repertories. Meyerhold, Stanislavsky, Elanskaya, Natalie Satz, Moskvin, Kachalov! Twelve
history-making performances . . . discussions with directors,
playrights and artists . . . backstage observations! All-inclusive
rates in the Soviet Union have been set at $65 third class, $95
tourist and $165 first. These include hotels, meals, theatre
tickets, sightseeing in Moscow and Leningrad and transportation by special train between the two cities. A number of special parties under the leadership of outstanding
American authorities on the Soviet theatre are being organized. Ask Intourist for information on these latter and for its
illustrated booklet No. ST-6 on the Theatre Festival for 1936.
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ROYAL   FAMILY   OF   BROADWAY
forth the piping music of the period.
Instance the authority given two
masters of Shakespearean text and
tradition—Professor John Tucker
Murray of Harvard, who dedicated
last summer to interpreting obscure
Elizabethan stage directions and
bringing to light much that the text
obscures or takes for granted in the
way of customs and manners; and
Dr. William Strunk of Cornell, who
has spent almost a year in research
and advisory work, especially in making the necessary cuts and eliminating lines that are now superfluous.
This cutting is a task that Cukor
briefly explains by reminding an interviewer of the many uses which
Shakespeare had to make of his
speeches, employing words as settings, lighting, properties, and for
the re-draping of his fustian-dou-
bleted actors in imaginary brocades
and velvets. Such words and phrases
having been ably replaced in the
M-G-M production by Messrs. Gibbons, Daniels, Adrian, et al., can be
comfortably dispensed with by modern audiences.
J\A\ of this care follows the pace
set by the director. For the first
month of actual production the company was rehearsed in lines against
a blank background until fully ready
to cope with elaborate costumes,
delicate properties, and problems of
action, without losing force in the
spoken story.
The point reached by Cukor in
this emphasis on the dialogue marks
the third step in the use of Shakespearean speech. On the original
Elizabethan stage, bare playhouse
boards—or improvised inn courtyard—distance was pictured by
words alone. The same radius measured a tender love scene or a crowded battlefield. In the later theatre,
with the introduction of painted
scenery of the realistic or Lee Lash
school, descriptive lines had to contend with the canvas, and the disharmony between the aural and the
visual sometimes reached ridiculous
discords, with Romeo (downstage
left) bleating amorous asides that
presumably Juliet (twenty feet nor'
nor'west) did not hear. In the cinema presentation, however, for the
first time, the dialogue carries complete conviction because there are
real measurements, neither of imaginatively heroic proportions nor of
cramped theatrical-gauze limitations.
Mercutio draws his sword, is wounded, and dies no longer within a few
steps from the center of the stage
to the teaser on which his foot was
more than likely to catch as he was
dragged off; but has a full-swinging
rapier match in the great square. His
speeches are not hastily panted out,
but ring clearly and painfully (as
Romeo and Benvolio assist him
across the cobbled paving, pause a
moment to dispatch a page for an
apothecary), and finally, after a
desperate erf ort to reach shelter, pronounce the "Plague o' both your
houses!"
If this preoccupation of Cukor's
with dialogue would seem to make
him out somewhat of a pedant, his
genial personality offsets the impression at once. No one on the set is
readier to laugh off an awkward moment, to cheer with an appreciative
word the weary extra, drooping under the unaccustomed weight of velvet and gold-encrusted bonnetry, or
to soothe a restive oldster who is
certain that Sothern and Marlowe—
or Tree and Terry—did things very
differently. Cukor's patience and
sense of humor have carried him far.
Patience is, by the way, likely to
be the outstanding characteristic of
the ace director, although as one
lately remarked, "It isn't so hard to
be patient on five thousand dollars
a week." Whatever the emolument,
it is not so easy, however, to meet
difficulty after difficulty, problem
after problem, with the same even,
smiling calm. The responsibilities
of keeping two or three thousand
players happy and six or ten upper-
bracket stars comfortable in mind
and role require something more
than an every-day executive.
It is fortunate in the filming of
Romeo and Juliet that Metro-Gold-
wyn-Mayer has had Cukor and that
Cukor has had M-G-M. A studio
more given to cutting corners and to
cheese-paring might grudge the time
that Cukor has devoted to each
scene; but the policy and producer
that considered two years well spent
in making Mutiny on the Bounty
have dedicated to Shakespeare every
resource in which a resourceful studio prides itself. Nothing has been
stinted in giving scenery, costumes,
cast, and properties their full value;
and with the same generosity no
limit was set upon time for rehearsals or production. It is a long distance from the bare stage of the
Globe Theatre to the luxurious settings on the Metro lot: and perhaps
Cukor has been conscious of the
contrast and felt a debt to the author
when he has insisted that none of
the richness of the lines shall be lost
in bringing the play to the screen.
LITTLE   WOMEN to the Orient!'
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but we wished to take three more days at sea and visit
Hawaii en route. We saw the famous hula, swam at
Waikiki and ate lunch almost in a live volcano!
'"Next port.. .Yokohama. What a thrill! School children in brightly-colored kimonos addressed us in the
most curious English! They are a symbol of the picturesque past and ambitious future of Japan.
"Then to China, where centuries roll by unnoticed.
We'll always remember the Great Wall at Peiping,
Shanghai's silk shops, Hong Kong's colorful harbor.
Finally, we visited Manila... then headed home again."
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HAWAII   •   JAPAN   •    CHINA   •   MANILA
GfrHoJl^yjhdfa
Maps, booklets, rates ... See your own agent or Canadian Pacific: New York, 344 Madison Ave.; Chicago, 71 East Jackson Blvd.; San Francisco, 152 Geary St.; and 38 other cities in U.S. and Canada. 408
THE    ILLUSTRATED    LONDON    NEWS
March 11,  1939
BOOKS    OF   THE    DAY.
(Continued from ■
376)
inflationary Austria, but - League of Nations Austria.'
The flood-tide of revolution had ebbed some years
before . . . I had come to Austria of the reconstruction period. . . . Britain, France, and Italy had
treated Austria ruthlessly enough, but they did not
want to see her utterly destroyed. . . . There remained a fear of a German come-back. . . . The
old Teutonic plan might be revived—the scheme for
a drive to the East, down through the Balkans via
the oil-fields and granaries of Rumania, across Bulgaria, cutting the British artery of the Suez Canal,
on to the oil-fields of Mesopotamia, Iraq—a spearhead thrust into the heart of the British Empire,
with an incidental stab at Syria and the colonial
Empire of France. Before the war the great Austro-
Hungarian Monarchy had barred the way. Its place
had been taken by the Succession States of its former
subject races liberated by the Allies through the war
and by the Republic of Austria. Little pity though
there was at first in Paris and London for the Austrians,
they were a bastion—the most essential bastion—
in the chain of States barring the way to the Teutonic
flood should it ever again arise."
It is not possible, of course, to summarise a long
book in a short space, but I should mention that it
records in much detail the careers of three Austrian
Chancellors, Monsignore Seipel, Dr. Dollfuss, and
Dr. Schuschnigg, the Hitler-Schuschnigg interview at
Berchtesgaden, and the subsequent events connected
with the German annexation of Austria and the disruption of the Czechoslovak Republic. Summing up
the position after the Munich Agreement, the author
writes : | Mr. Chamberlain explained that he thought
the Government deserved the approval of the House
for its conduct of affairs ' which had saved Czechoslovakia from destruction and Europe from Armageddon.' And the House gave him that approval. Has
he got yours ? As I see things out here, after twenty
years' experience in Germany and Central Europe—
too long, you will say, perhaps, to be able to realise
what are the interests of the British people any longer—
the vital defences of pacific Europe against a world
war and the world hegemony of Germany have been
given up without a blow by the surrender of the
bastions of Austria and Czechoslovakia which barred
Hitler's way to the reserves without which he might
start but could never win the world war towards which
his own testimony in Mein Kampf shows him to be
moving. And I see as the result of Munich something
which in my view is far worse than these, the purely
foreign political results. I see the shadow of dictatorship, the dark clouds of Fascism with their conoomitant
—suppression of free speech, of a—still partially—free
Press, of self-government, and the introduction of
the rule of the cudgel and concentration-camp—
coming very near to Britain."    Such is his view.
In Spain also, some perhaps may say, " bastions "
have been falling, as well as bombs. At first glance,
therefore, I half expected to hear more about British
" perfidy " and " short-sightedness " in foreign policy
on taking up " Majorca." The Diary of a Painter.
Written and Illustrated by Francis Caron. Edited
by Paul Frischauer. With ioo Drawings by the
author (Cassell ; 8s. 6d.). Any such misgivings, however, were soon dispelled on closer examination. This
diary, in fact, is pre-Civil War, and has nothing to do
with that deplorable upheaval, being entirely personal
and concerned with quite different affairs—largely of
a kind over which Venus, and not Mars, presides.
The editor of the book mentions that he has " printed
the text without dates, though the actual period of
the diary is shortly before Majorca, like the rest of
Spain, was torn to pieces by the present war." The
omission of dates does not seem to me of much advantage : personally, I rather like dates in reminiscences.
As to the nature of the diary, the author himself—
a young Austrian artist not unduly burdened with
conventional scruples—begins : "I have come to
Majorca straight from school, and I have been here
six weeks." The reader must be prepared, accordingly, for a certain na/ivete, which does not, however,
sink into puerility. Having the artist's eye for colour
and detail, the diarist describes all he saw with keen
objectivity. His chief interest outside art—or rather,
in association with it—lies in amorous adventures of
the   lighter   sort.    Many   of   his   drawings   represent
charming girls in different stages (usually the last) of
deshabille, but he disarms any austere criticism
when he writes : "I was surprised to hear that my
sketches for the ' Diploma' had been accepted. I
was afraid too many naked figures were included.
And yet I cannot make up my mind to draw people
in clothes—they always look slightly obscene, as if
they were trying to hide something."  A natural nudist ?
Since much of the book is occupied with such
matters, it cannot be regarded entirely as a picture
of Majorca. Just as " there is only one language
of love," so it may be said to have only
one country—the world; and these drawings of
seductive femininity might have been made anywhere. There are also, however, many pencil
sketches of houses, streets, and domestic interiors,
which indicate local life. Some are very attractive,
but others have that sort of deliberate crudity
which many modern artists affect. These remind
me of the nursery rhyme about the crooked man
who bought a crooked cat, which caught a crooked
mouse, " and they all lived together in a crooked
little house ! " Not a single illustration has a title
to link up with the diary by telling us the name
of  the lady or the locality represented.
With regard to the reproductions from the Gaumont-
British Nature film of the Water Spider, published in
our issue of Nov. 5 last, we have received an interesting
letter from Dr. H. Eltringham, F.R.S., in which he
alludes to the question of how the spider gets in and
out of the bubble. " There may be some mystery
as to how it collects the bubble at the surface," writes
Dr. Eltringham, " though fine hairs will retain a film
of air, as in the Water Vole, which looks all silvery
with its film of air when it swims, sometimes. There
is not, however, any mystery as to how it gets in and
out of the bubble under water. It spins a dome of
silk like a miniature diving-bell. This it fills with air
brought from the surface and the pressure of this
air displaces the water in the silk dome. It lives and
makes its nest in the air-filled dome, and not in an
unprotected ' bubble.' "
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THE
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CONTINENTAL    HOTELS
N-_- ^^ —^       Newest first-class Hotel, Central Situation on
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ATLANTIC I
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Own GARAGE with lock-ups.
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BEAULIEU-SUR-MER
Between   Nice and
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Moderate Terms
EMPRESS    HOTEL
CONTINENTAL    HOTELS- (Continued)
Paris—Hotel Opal — For business or holidays.
19, rue Tronchet. Definitely central. (Madeleine
Church). Up-to-date. Rms. from 6/-. Eng. spoken.
Beaulieu s/Mer—Between Nice and Monte Carlo—
Bedford and Savoy Hotels—ist class. Full South.
Sea.   Tennis.    Garage.    Park.
Beaulieu—Bonds  Hotel—Every  comfort.    Large
gardt-n.       Quiet    situation.       Moderate    terms.
Manager. Mme Brun.
Cannes—Hotel Regina—
First-class Family Hotel.    Sunny park.
Near Croisette and Tennis.   Moderate terms.
Cap-Martin—Cap-Martin Hotel—Free bus ser. with
Monte-Carlo and Men ton. Ten. Swim.-pool. 15 acres
private park. Inch fr. 120 Frs., with bath fr. 140 Frs.
Le Touquet — Hotel des Anglais — In forest
adjoining Casino. Every possible comfort. Large
park.    Own bus to Golf and Sea.   Moderate.
Menton—Riviera Palace—
Ideal Winter Residence.
25 acres of grounds and gardens.
Menton—Hotel de Venise—Leading in quality
and comfort. Centra! and sunny. Beautiful park.
Noted cuisine.   Tariff on application.
Monte Carlo — Le Grand Hotel — 350 rooms,
280 bathrooms. Entirely renovated. Open all
the year.   Central.   Opposite New Sporting Club.
Monte Carlo—Hotel Prince de Galles—Strictly
First-class. Beautiful garden. Magnificent view.
Moderate terms.
Monte Carlo — Hotel Royal — All comforts, full
south, garden overlooking sea. Moderate
rates.
Monte Carlo—Hotel Terminus Palace—ist class.
Sea-front. Facing Casino gardens. Weekly terms
inch tips & tax from £4.4.0.   With private bath £5.
Bad Gastein—Grand Hotel Gasteinerhof—Sunniest
hotel. First class. 180 beds. Pen. from R.M. 9—.
Patronised by English Society. Open in Winter too.
Frankfort (on-the-Main)-Park Hotel-Near central
Station. Famous for its hors-d'ceuvre. Rooms
from M. 5.  Garage and  Pumps on the premises.
Garmisch -Partenkirchen (Bavarian Alps)—Park-
Hotel " Alpenhof "—Leadng. Hotel; best. cent. sit.
Every cornf. Prospect, thro' Propr., Hanns Kilian.
Leipzig — Hotel Astoria— The latest and most
perfect Hotel building. Select home of international Society and Aristocracy.
GERMANY—(Continued)
Sand—Kurhaus Sand—R.A.C. Hotel (2900 feet).
Black Forest, near Baden-Baden. Lake and sun-
bathg., fishg. Inclusive terms fm. Mks. 6. Catalogues.
Wiesbaden — Hotel Schwarzer Bock — ist-class
family hotel. 310 beds. Medicinal Bath in hotel.
Golf.    Tennis.    Garage.    Pension from Marks 9.
Wiesbaden-Hotel Nassauer Hof-World renowned.
Finest pos. op. Pk. and Opera. Wiesbaden Springs.
Pat'd by best British society.   Pen. from 12 Mks.
Wiesbaden—Palast Hotel—ist-class Hotel, opposite
Kochbrunnen. Every possible comfort. Own bath,
estab.    Pension from R.M. 10.
Wiesbaden—Hotel Rose—World-renowned Hotel.
Own bathing establishment. Patronised by English
and American Society.       Pension from Marks 12.
Wiesbaden-Hotel Vier Jabreszeiten-(Four Seasons)
Select home of Society. Best position, opposite
Kurhaus, Opera,  Parks.    Pens, from R.M. 12.
SWITZERLAND
Arosa — Valsana Sporthotel — First class. Gay
centre of Arosa. Original " Alaska saloon " ;
dancing.    Inclusive  terms.
Davos-Palace Hotel-Nr. world-renowned Parsenn
run & Strela Ski-lift. Rooms fr. S. Frs. 7. Full
board fr. S. Frs. 17.   W. Holsboer, Man.
Geneva — Hotel de la Paix — On Lake facing
Mont-Blanc. Close to pier and places of interest.
Lovely rooms fr. S.Frs. 6. With full board S.Frs. 14.
Grindelwald — Regina Hotel Alpenruhe — First
class. Good value and Personal attention. Pension
terms from 14/-.  A. Bohren, Managing Proprietor.
Klosters Parsenn (Switzerland) — The Sport
Hotel Silvretta — For charm, atmosphere and
good company.
Lenzerheide  (Grisons)—Grand Hotel Kurhaus—
ist-class. 200 beds. The lead'g English fam. hotel.
Sunniest position. Every entertainment. Mod. terms.
Locarno—Park Hotel
Select.    Quiet.    Sunny.
Large Park.   Terms from Frs. 13.
Lugano—Adler Hotel & Erica Schweizerof—Near
station in own grdns. lacing lake, exceptl. view.
Rms. Frs. 4. Pen. fr. Frs. n. Op. allyr. Gar. boxes.
Lugano—Hotel Splendide—First class in every
detail,  lovely situation on  the lake. Family
R   FEDELE.
St. Moritz—Badrutt's Palace Hotel—
Host  of  the  Elite.
Season till end of March.
Printed in England by The Illustrated London News and Sketch, Ltd., Milford Lane, London, W.C.2, and Published Weekly at the Office, 32-34, St. Bride Street, London, E.C.4.
Saturday, March ii, 1939.   Entered as Second-Class Matter at the New York (N.Y.) Post Office, 1903.   Agents for Australasia : Gordon & Gotch, Ltd.    Branches : Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane,
Adelaide, and Perth, W.A.; Christchurch, Wellington, Auckland, and Dunedin, N.Z.; Launceston and Hobart, Tasmania. March  11,   1939
THE    ILLUSTRATED    LONDON    NEWS
407
m Utt
\
■
This is a true picture of what your holiday can be like this year if you go
adventuring in  Canada  and the  United  States  .   .   .   land  of unbelievable
contrasts and infinite horizons.    From the sophisticated glitter of New York
to the grandeur of the Rockies . .  . from the quaint charm of Quebec to
the jutting skylines of Toronto and Montreal .  . .  from the miracle of
Niagara Falls and the Great Lakes to the forest streams of Ontario .
stockyards of Chicago and apple orchards of British Columbia . ;
lumberlands of the East, prairies of the West . . . hot springs, ice
fields, mountains, canyons, coloured lakes and glaciers . .  . trail
riding, fishing, climbing, driving, swimming . . . from Atlantic to
Pacific . . . ships, trains, canoes, motor cars and saddlehorses . ...
there and back in a month, including the double Atlantic crossing
by the 'short sea route' and the smooth St. Lawrence seaway
.   .   .   taking  the New York World's Fair in your stride.
Choose from our 73 escorted holiday tours to
Canada and United States. Three to seven
weeks duration.   All-in fares from £43-105.
For further information and reservations apply your local agent or Canadian Pacific,  Trafalgar Square,  W.C.2,  103  Leadenhall Street, E.C.$ and at principal cities. June   5,   1937
THE    ILLUSTRATED    LONDON    NEWS
1071
l^m&mwm
There's
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The most modern in the Spa
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Garage. Special Medical Diet receives individual attention.
Inclusive terms from  The Manager.
VICHY-CELESTINS is Nature's own
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time. Obtainable everywhere.
• CAUTION.—See that the label on the bottle
bears the name of the Sole Wholesale Agents :
INGRAM  &. ROYLE  LTD.,
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1 1072
THE    ILLUSTRATED    LONDON   NEWS
June   5,   1937
BOOKS   OF   THE   DAY.
(Continued from Page 1040.)
Mr. Byron's diary makes excellent reading. It is
full of vivid appreciations of places and people, art
and architecture, with piquant scraps of dialogue.
At the same time it is a little disjointed and elliptical.
I should have welcomed some explanation as to the
why and wherefore of his journeyings, and his general
aim. In such affairs, however, he seems to have
adopted Kipling's maxim — "Never explain." For
instance, he suddenly introduces characters by their
Christian names, without any further identification,
and leaves his diary to elucidate itself, without any
editing. He evidently resolved to be thoroughly
modern and emancipated. I can almost feel the
defiance with which, on the first page, he drags in an
allusion to a subject avoided in polite Victorian print.
I have not yet finished with the romance of the
road in Asia, for here comes yet another book of
Oriental provenance with that beguiling word in its
title. This time it is not a question of merely travelling along a road, but of constructing it, and the
author himself is the man who accomplished the task.
Hence the reader is left in no uncertainty as to his
purpose or the reason of his presence in the wild
land he describes so picturesquely. He is one of
those who obey the poet's injunction to " drive the
road and bridge the ford." It is about time that I
mentioned the name of the book, which is " Road
Through Kurdistan."    The Narrative of an Engineer
in Iraq. By A. M. Hamilton. With a Foreword by
Major-General Rowan-Robinson. With twenty-seven
Illustrations and two Maps (Faber; 12s. 6d.). Mr.
Hamilton by no means confines himself to the technicalities of his profession. Incidentally, he draws many
pen-portraits both of fellow-countrymen and natives,
and describes historic or legendary places, such as
Arbela (modern Arbil), the world's oldest inhabited
city, near which Alexander defeated Darius in 231 B.C.,
or the subterranean fires believed to be the scene of
Daniel's " fiery furnace." He dilates feelingly on
blood-feuds among Kurdish chieftains, and the unhappy
fate of the Assyrians in Iraq after the termination of
the British Mandate. In the actual work of road-
making there were many dramatic moments, particularly when a bridge over a gorge came within an
ace of collapsing just as it was being fixed in position.
The subject of this book forms a parallel to the
Afghan road mentioned by Rosita Forbes. To indicate its character and that of the author, I cannot
do better than quote the words of Major-General
Rowan-Robinson. " The Hamilton road," he writes,
" runs from the Arbela of Alexander past the home of
Saladin to the Persian plateau. A wonderful engineering feat, it traverses on its way the gorges of Rowan-
duz and Berserini, two stupendous obstacles which
might well have scared any adventurer even were he
armed with the most modern appliances and supported
by an army of trained and expert workmen. Mr.
Hamilton, however, was equipped in modest fashion,
and, as the solitary European of the party, had to
teach the arts of hill-blasting and of road-making. . .
He was at once the leader, the father, and the mechanic;
and, for some five years in the blazing heat of summer
and in the icy blasts of winter, isolated among savage
tribes, he played these responsible parts till he brought
his great work to completion. I had the privilege
of meeting him during operations in Kurdistan.
Then, when that most unruly of all lands was in a
state of violent ferment . . . peace and order reigned
along the road that Hamilton was building. His
motley collection of Persians, Kurds, Assyrians, and
Arabs passed to and fro unarmed and unperturbed."
The old saying, that the Devil finds some mischief
still for idle hands to do, seems to apply also to
international  relations. C. E. B.
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" The Royal Academy Illustrated" is now on
sale (price 2s. 6d.) for the benefit of those who like
to retain a souvenir of the Exhibition at Burlington
House. It is also useful as an " advance guide "
to indicate the pictures best worth studying in the
galleries, as its illustrations are chosen with excellent
judgment, and give a good idea of the range of the
Exhibition. This year the frontispiece is an equestrian portrait of his late Majesty King George V.,
by A. J. Munnings, R.A., and there are notable works
by Sir William Llewellyn, P.R.A., George Belcher,
A.R.A., W. Russell Flint, R.A., W. Glyn Philpot,
R.A., and many others. Dame Laura Knight's
" Palladium," Meredith Frampton's " A Game of
Patience,"   and  T.   C.   Dugdale's  portrait  of  Jessie
  Matthews   are   some   of   the   works
illustrated which have already attracted great public interest. Another
is Sir W. Goscombe John's design
for the Great Seal of the Realm.
In aid of the Building Fund of
the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital, a sale of antique furniture,
china, and so on, will take place at
5, Great Stanhope Street, W.i, from
June 7 to 12. The sale will be opened
at 3 o'clock on the 7th by Miss Irene
Vanbrugh, and on subsequent days
will be open from 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.
H.R.H. the Duchess of Kent, President
of the Hospital, has graciously promised to visit the sale on the afternoon
of the opening day. Among articles
of interest to be sold will be a pair
of Stuart chairs, a Chippendale
corner cabinet, a small Persian table
with silver and lapis lazuli inlay, and
a Regency table with fine Coromandel
top; also dessert services, pictures
(sporting and flower prints), and
clocks. Every article will be offered
at a moderate price. A large and
representative Committee has been
indefatigable in collecting things for
the sale, and as the proceeds are earmarked for the new Nurses' Home
and Private Patients' Wing, it is hoped
to have the support of all women.
This will be a good opportunity not
only for helping this great project,
but for buying at reasonable prices
interesting and useful gifts of all kinds.
A charge of is. will be made for
admission, except on the afternoon
of the 7th, when the charge will be
2s. 6d. up to 5 o'clock.
The lesser-known beauties of
Egypt are reflected in an Exhibition
of photographs being held at Piccadilly
Circus (No. 29, Regent Street) by the
Tourist Development Association of
Egypt. The pictures are the work
of Mrs. May C. Salisbury, A.R.P.S.
They not only show a very high
standard of technical excellence, but
many of the subjects, chosen from
the picturesque life of the people
beside the Nile, constitute artistic
compositions of a notable quality.
Some of these scenes will bring back
vivid memories to those who have
visited this land of sunshine ; others
will suggest aspects of the life of
the country which the ordinary
traveller might pass by without
fully realising their picturesqueness
and romantic appeal. The studies
of flowers are particularly attractive
and lead one to realise that in Egypt
the arts of intensive cultivation, and
the utilisation of shade in architecture
and garden-designing, are the ancient
inheritance of the people—an inheritance that goes back to the very
beginnings of civilisation. 512
THE   SPHERE
[June 24, 1939
A HOLIDAY IN THE
GREAT DOMINION
(Continued from pa&e 510j
Ba
AT JASPER PARK LODGE the King and Queen took up their quarters in this
log chalet, where they enjoyed a 24 hours rest before continuing their
return   journey eastwards through  the cities of   Edmonton and   Saskatoon
we must move on to Ottawa, the beautiful capital of the
Dominion, to which I have already referred from time to
time, then to Toronto with its imposing waterfront on
Lake Ontario, and next to Winnipeg, city of wide streets
and eastern gateway to the vast prairie area. Part of
that long stage should if possible be made by one of the
C.P.R. lake steamers from Port McNicoll (about two
hours run from Toronto) across Lake Huron to the
attractive town of Sault Ste. Marie and through the Soo
Canal into Lake Superior, the world's largest lake. The
inland voyage occupies two days and finishes at the twin
grain ports, Fort William and Port Arthur. Perhaps
there will be time for a peep at Kakabeke Falls.
We are now back on the King's route, through the
prairie provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta—a journey of 700 miles, from the Red River at
Winnipeg to the foot of the Rockies. Out there in the
west, Calgary tleads off the Canadian season next month
with its famous stampede which revives the bustle and
excitement of pioneer days. Cowboy contests in bronco-
busting, calf-roping, steer-decorating, chuck-wagon
racing and. wild cow milking are the tough sports they
indulge in with great gusto. It is certainly an event to
add to your travel memories.
After leaving  Calgary the train  passes   along the
glacier-cut Bow Valley and the full glory of the Rockies
reveals itself. Deep green forests
and massive heights become grander
every mile of the way through the
passes until a climax is reached at
Banff, in a wide circle of pearly-
grey limestone peaks, garlanded
with pines and lawns.
anff is the oldest of the national
parks in the Dominion and it
contains another fambus resort, Lake
Louise, about 40 miles from Banff
and high above the railway. It is
superb among the beauty spots of
the Rockies. Emerald Lake in the
Yoho Park on the other side of the
Great Divide is at the end of a
seven - mile detour. Linking the
three resorts are fine motor roads
from which radiate trails created by
the park authorities. To the south
the spectacular Banff-Windermere
highway leads to the Kootenay Park, joining, about
half-way, a road leading back to Golden and Emerald
Lakes and forming what is known as the Lariat Trail. A
delightful way of reaching much of the wilder country is
by trail-riding.
The travel and scenic resources of the Rockies are
inexhaustible, and on the way back from the Pacific
coast we see more of them.
The next break in the Royal party's 3,000-mile
journey back across Canada to Niagara Falls and
Washington was at lovely Jasper Park Lodge nestling
on the shore of Lac Beauvert, in the largest of the
national parks. This immense mountain wilderness of
majestic peaks, broad valleys and beautiful coloured
lakes on the eastern slope of the Rockies was known at
one time as the Glittering Mountains, a more picturesque
and very apt name.
There are only two centres of population in the
park, one the town of Jasper which contains the headquarters of the park administration, the Mounted Police
barracks and a number of homes—the other is Jasper
Park Lodge three miles by motor road from the town.
Both are set in a vast amphitheatre which is known
as the Athabaska Valley.
After Jasper the Canadian National Railway line
goes to Edmonton, Saskatoon, Winnipeg and then on to
Toronto and the Falls. There we will leave the Royal
route which afterwards came back through the province
of Quebec on the south side of the St. Lawrence and
then through Nova Scotia to Charlottetown in Prince
Edward Island,before terminating, as far as the mainland
was concerned, at Halifax.
Beverley Brooke
AMID   THE   MIGHTY SOLITUDES   OF  JASPER  PARK:  It was
in  this scenic wonderland   that the   Kinq and Queen
bade farewell to the Rockies before starting homewards
Canadian National
TO   EVERYWHERE    IN   CANADA
Canadian National lines radiate through all nine Provinces
of the Dominion, reaching the seaports, cities and great industrial
centres,    its    rich    agricultural    and    mineral   areas,    unmatched
 ■ ■ — -^jf     vacation regions, and with connecting lines to the  principal cities
of the United States.
From the surf beaches and calmon streams of the Maritimes,
through historic Quebec, acroc.3 the lakelands and forests of
Ontario, past rich mineral regions, on over the rolling Prairies
whose lakes harbour myriads of waterfowl, Canadian National's
route leads across Canada. Its climax is the grandeur of the
mighty Canadian Rockies, where it drops by easy gradients to
the warm waters of the Pacific coast.
OF     DISTINCTION
CANADIAN     NATIONAL     HOTELS
Open all year
HALIFAX, N.S. The Nova Scotian    |     WINNIPEG. Man. The Fort Garry
BRANDON, Man.     The Prince Edward
CHARLOTTETOWN,      The Charlotte-
OTTAWA. Ont. Chateau Laurier    I     SASKATOON, Sask.     The Bessborough
PORT ARTHUR, Ont. The Prince Arthur    I     EDMONTON, Alta. The Macdonald
Open during Tourist Season
JASPER PARK LODGE, Jasper National Park, Alberta
MINAKI LODGE, Minaki, Ont.
PICTOU LODGE, Pictou, N.S.
SUMMER
TOURS
T O
CANADA
AND
U . S . A
Short Tours—June to September, 21 to 29 days. Inclusive cost from £45,
according to duration and class—several return by R.M.S. "Queen Mary" from
New York.
Canadian National
Head Office : MONTREAL.    European Head Office : 17-19, COCKSPUR ST., LONDON, S.W.I
And at Southampton, Liverpool, Cardiff, Glasgow, Paris.    Ask for Tours Booklet "No. 2 "
Across Canada Tour—leaves end July, 45 days from £167 inclusive, returning
from New York. See Niagara, the Canadian Rockies—Jasper, Lake Louise, Banff
—the Pacific Coast, and the New York World's Fair. June 24,  1939]
THE   SPHERE
UStt*18*
i»li»»
«A * **''
Do you remember, in the spacious days of
Edward VII., a little boy who used to moon over
Marryat and Ballantyne, Henty and Fenimore
Cooper? He's grown up long since and he's
something in the City, but Canada's still there —
complete with forests, and falls, mountains and
prairies. There are Indians roaming about yet —
as picturesque looking as ever, if less fierce. And
red-coated Mounties. And cowboys, like log
cabins, are part of the everyday scene. There are
bits of Quebec looking much as they did when
Wolfe's victorious army swept up to the Heights
of Abraham. And Niagara and the Rockies
haven't changed these thousand years.   Yes, if
that gentleman in the City has anything from
three to seven weeks to spare this summer, he
could cross the Atlantic by the Canadian Pacific
short sea route, into the smooth St. Lawrence
seaway, and re-capture quite a lot of that first fine
careless rapture ! Choose from our escorted holiday
tours to Canada and the United States. Short tours include
visit to New York World's Fair.  All-in fares from £49.10.
CANADA  BY
CoKoaidH (joct&c
FOR A RIGHT ROYAL HOLIDAY
For full information and reservations j
' Travel Agent or Canadian Pacific, Trafalgar Square, W.C.2.     103 Leadenhall Street, E.C.3 and at all principal cities.
a 2 Feb.  19,   1938
THE    ILLUSTRATED    LONDON    NEWS
325
modern side. Flanked with such beauty spots as Castagnola and Paradiso, and
with old-world Gandria near by, Lugano has been termed a paradise in spring,
as much for the luxuriance of its vegetation as for the mildness of its climate;
and this may be said, too, of Locarno, at the foot of the Alps, on a bay at the
northern end of Lake Maggiore, with, not far off, the romantic village of Brissaco,
and, close at hand, Ascona, nestling beneath Monte Verita. Geneva has its rich
historic and architectural charm, and its magnificent view of Mont Blanc;
Lausanne has had a subtle appeal for visitors from this country from the time
of Gibbon onwards, and for many years past Montreux has proved a great
attraction, so sunny and sheltered beneath the heights of the Rochers de Naye,
with its mountain railway up to pretty Glion and Caux, the Castle of Chillon
near by, and that enthralling prospect across the Lake of Geneva of the snowy,
serrated   crest   of   the   Dents   du   Midi.
Germany means the romantic Rhineland, seen to very great advantage in the
full flush of spring foliage, and the Rhine, that wonder of rivers, with its mediaeval
castles perched on rocky spurs, its mountain heights, quaint islands, vine-clad slopes, and
noble cities. Wiesbaden
is a charming centre for
a Rhineland holiday;
from it one can soon
get to Mainz and
Mannheim, Worms and
Darmstadt, and to
such Rhine sights as
St. Goar, the' Lorelei,
Bacharach, Gutenfels,
the Pfalz, and the Mouse
Tower, also the castles
of Rheinstein, Heimburg,
Johannisberg, and
others, and the famous
wine-growing centres of
Riidesheim, Nierstein,
Oppenheim, Geisenheim,
Hattenheim, and Bingen
are all within easy
distance. Another very
agreeable holiday centre
in Germany with an
all-the-year-round season
is Baden-Baden, where,
as in Wiesbaden, there
are first-class facilities
for sport and amusement, with a beautiful
hinterland, ideal for
walks and for motor
drives—the Black Forest.
Much further afield
in Europe, where spring
and its flowers make an
appearance very early
in the year, is Greece,
a land which offers a
congenial climate, a
countryside of greatly varying scenery, flower-decked plains and majestic mountains, a deeply-indented rocky coast, with fascinating little islands scattered like
jewels over a sapphire sea, and treasures of art and beauty in riotous profusion.
What suggestion could be more appealing than an Easter holiday amid the
scented pine-woods of Attica, by a calm sea, in Athens, with all. that it stands
for in the progress of man, and where Easter is celebrated in a manner that is
most attractive. And let me add the very material information that, owing to
the favourable rate of exchange, hotel accommodation and other essentials of
travel are  to be obtained in Greece nowadays  at  an extremely moderate rate.
Austria is fortunate in having her gay capital as an exceptionally inviting
prospect for the holiday-maker in the spring, especially if the holiday be timed
to fit in with the great International Spring Fair, when Vienna is at its best and
GAILY    DECKED     IN     A    PROFUSION     OF    FLOWERS :     LAKE
LUCERNE      IN      SPRING-TIME ONE      OF      THE      BEAUTIFUL
SPOTS     TO     BE     FOUND     IN     LUCERNE     AND     ITS     LAKE-
DISTRICT.     (Photograph by Franz Schneider.)
SHOWING     ITS     MAGNIFICENT     SITUATION     AMONG     WOODLANDS     AND     HILL     SCENERY :
baden-baden.     (Photograph by Dr. P. Wolff.)
brightest, with fancy-dress and costume balls, performances of opera, sparkling
plays at the theatres, symphony and choral concerts, trotting races of the Wiener
Trabrennenverein, and equestrian exhibitions at the famous Spanish Riding School.
There are, too, the renowned cafes of Vienna, and the taverns, where one may
always be sure  of  a most  agreeable  evening,  with wine,  laughter,   and  song.
Holland is very gay, too, in the spring, but in quite another sense, for hers
is the result of the brilliant blooms of the bulb-fields, chiefly tulips and hyacinths,
which stretch over the broad, level plains for miles, in squares of crimson and
blue, orange and mauve, and many another shade ; whilst the sweet scent of the
blossoms makes the air fragrant. Haarlem is the centre of bulb-land, and if you
elect to stay there you will have much of interest to see, apart from the bulbs—
the Groote Kerk, with its world-famous organ, the old Town Hall, and the Frans
Hals Museum, and the " atmosphere " of the Groote Markt will be sure to please
you. Amsterdam is within easy reach, one of the most entertaining of Europe's
capitals; so, also, are the Dead Cities of the Zuider Zee, Volendam, and the Isle
of Marken.
Estoril flourishes, as the chief holiday resort in Portugal, and one can understand why, for it has a splendid situation, a most genial climate, is very up-to-date
in hotel accommodation and facilities for sport, whilst near at hand are lovely
Cintra, with its palaces and pine-woods, and Lisbon, rich in historical interest,
with handsome  thoroughfares, fine buildings,  and a bright social life. 326
THE    ILLUSTRATED    LONDON    NEWS
Feb.   19,   1938
SHHflpfPlf^
• • ai*d as the trait,
m^*«t Pealcs ris en;peeds -est
nkHh
tourists $ Paradise for
sayimiimf
faa(/*umd
PuTxmon
For this year's holiday try Canada—
the worthwhile land of varied
scenery and brilliant sunshine.
You can visit the magnificent Rocky
Mountains, cross the prairies and
the Great Lakes, see Niagara Falls
and some of the big cities of Eastern
Canada in only a month including
the double ocean crossing, in itself
an exhilarating holiday. We have
a big programme of Escorted Tours
from two to seven weeks at
moderate cc all-in " cost. Get your
copy to-day.
SPRING   CRUISING   IN   MEDITERRANEAN
AND   ATLANTIC   WATERS.
SPRING cruising makes a great appeal to those who are fond of the sea and who
are keen on a holiday on the water at that season of the year when the sun is
daily gaining in strength. Moreover, going south, the course all cruises take in the
spring, one goes into sunshine, and this, with the tonic sea air, is a wonderful restorative after long and dreary days of winter cold. It is interesting to note that early
spring cruises these days go far south, not only to Lisbon and the ever-popular Canary
Isles and Madeira, but far beyond, to the sun-drenched ports of West Africa, to
Freetown, Dakar, and elsewhere. Later spring cruises have itineraries in all parts of
the Mediterranean—the lovely coast of the French and Italian Riviera, the Bay of
Naples, Sicily, Malta, the Adriatic, the classic coast and isles of Greece, the Dardanelles,
and the Sea of Marmora, for Istanbul, and the Bosphorus, the coast of Syria, and of
Egypt, and the chief ports of North Africa.
The cruising lists of the well-known steamship companies provide attractive programmes for the spring season, and for the summer. The Canadian Pacific Line are
commencing their cruising season with cruises by the popular Duchess liners. On
March  15,  the  " Duchess  of   Richmond"   (20,000  tons)  leaves  Southampton  on a
POPULAR    PORT    OF    CALL    ON    SPRING    CRUISES :      A    CANi
LINER    IN    THE    FINE    HARBOUR    OF    FUNCHAL,
Photograph by Canadian Pacific Railway.
DIAN    PACIFIC    CRUISING
MADEIRA.
twenty-eight-day cruise to Madeira, Dakar (Senegal), Takoradi (Gold Coast), Victoria
(Cameroons), Freetown (Sierra Leone), Casablanca, and Lisbon; on March 23, the
" Duchess of Atholl" (20,000 tons) starts from Southampton on a cruise lasting
twenty days to Madeira, Freetown, Dakar, Casablanca, and Lisbon, returning to
Liverpool; and on April 14, the " Duchess of Richmond" (20,000 tons) leaves
Southampton on an Easter cruise of eleven days to Madeira, Casablanca, and Lisbon,
returning to Liverpool. Then, on May 28, the " Montrose " (16,400 tons) makes the
first of the Canadian Pacific " Mont" ship cruises, from Liverpool, and Dublin, to
Madeira, Las Palmas, Casablanca, and Lisbon, of thirteen &ys' duration. Cruises by
this vessel and sister ships are continued at weekly intervals throughout the season,
until Oct. 8. The Canadian Pacific Line also announce a very interesting programme
of Transatlantic tours which enable those who join them to visit leading cities and
beauty spots in Canada and the United States, at inclusive and very moderate rates.
The tours commence with one by the " Duchess of Atholl," on April 14, for twenty-
three days, which includes Quebec, Montreal, Toronto, Niagara Falls, and New York,
and they continue at frequent intervals until Oct. 7.   In addition, there are to be two
THE     PINE-CLAD      HILLS     OF     ATTICA     STRETCHING    DOWN     TO    THE     SEA :     PART     OF
THE    ENCHANTING   SCENERY   WHICH   GREECE    POSSESSES    IN    GREAT   VARIETY.
Photograph by H. J. Woodley.
" Across Canada " tours, starting on May 27 and July 22, and two Rockies tours
(July 9 and Aug. 12), both of which have specially attractive programmes.
Orient Line spring cruises are being carried out by the " Orion " and the " Orcades,"
which are first-class only, and the first of these is by the " Orion " (23,500 tons), from
London on April 14, for twenty-two days, to Philipville (for Constantine), Alexandria
(Cairo), Beyrout (for Baalbek and Damascus), Famagusta (Cyprus), Santorin (Greek
Isles), Athens, and Tangier, returning to Southampton ; on May 7 the same vessel leaves
Southampton on a twenty-day cruise to Tangier, Rhodes, Istanbul (Bosphorus), Athens,
Capri, and Naples; on May 14 the " Orcades " (23,500 tons) starts from London for
a cruise for twenty-one days to Naples (Amalfi and Pompeii), Kotor (Cetinje), Abbazia,
Venice, Hvar (Lessina), Korfcula, Dubrovnik, and Lisbon ; and on May 28 the " Orion "
leaves Southampton on a seventeen-day cruise to Gibraltar, Athens, Rhodes, Santorin,
Syra, and Messina (Taormina), returning to London.
Two Easter cruises are featured by the Lamport and Holt Line, both first-class
only, one by the " Vandyck " (13,250 tons), from Liverpool on April 14, for nineteen
days, to Gibraltar, Villefranche (Monte Carlo and Nice), Naples, Capri, and Lisbon;
and the other by the " Voltaire " (13,250 tons), from Southampton on April 14, for
eighteen days, to Casablanca, Santa Cruz, Las Palmas, Teneriffe, Madeira, and Lisbon.
On  May 7,  the  " Voltaire"  leaves Southampton on a  twenty-four-day cruise  to 750
THE GRAHIIC,  May 21, 1910
SOUVENIRS OF  HALLEY, from Whom the Famous Comet Takes its Name
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HIS ORIGINAL TOMBSTONE
HIS   TRANSIT   INSTRUMENT
HIS   COMET   OBSERVATIONS
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BUST   OF   HALLEY,   BY   HENRY   PEGRAM
HALLEY'S   NEW   TOMB   IN   ST.    MARGARET'S   CHURCHYARD,    LEE
PORTRAIT   OF   HALLEY
Edmund Halley (1656—1742) was our second Astronomer Royal, and did much important work at Greenwich Observatory, but his claim to immortality rests on his being the first to predict the return of a
comet. The comet which formed the subject of his calculations has ever since borne his name, and the present is its third reappearance since Halley's day. He was b ried at Lee, but the original tombstone
was moved in 1854 to Greenwich Observatory, and the new tomb shown here erected in its place. The other memorials of the famous astronomer, which we reproduce, are preserved at Greenwich Observatory.
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The best modern music is written for the
Orchestra ; on an /Eolian Orchestrelle you can
play this music for yourself as often as you choose.
Take, for instance, such music as "The Dream of Gerontius." No single-toned instrument, however perfect,
could do full justice to this now famous masterpiece, because it was composed not for the pianoforte, but
for orchestral performances. Consequently, your enjoyment of this music is limited by the fact that you can
only listen to its wonderful strains when it figures in the programme of some high-class concert.
if you have an /Eolian Orchestrelle you can yourself play this music as often
as you choose and as accurately as if it were played by a full Orchestra*
The ^Eolian Orchestrelle is the true ' Drawing-room Orchestra/
It combines in one single instrument all the instruments of a complete orchestra. You need no technical knowledge, only musical
taste, to play on an ^Eolian Orchestrelle. The notes are sounded
by delicate mechanism in the Pianola way, while YOU control
the time, expression, and orchestration by means of stops, which
you vary as you will, so as to gain the most intimate knowledge of whatever your musical instincts prompts you to select.
Gall to-day at ^Eolian Hall and try the Eolian Orchestrelle
for yourself. Also ask for Catalogue "4," which gives full
particulars of the ^Eolian Orchestrelle.
fie Orcliestrcle
mpany,
, ^°^
&i£OUAN HALL,
135-137,New Bond St.London.W.
*
■i=4
*4
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yh^j^yfc^jfe^jte^ THE   GRAPHIC,   May   21,   1910
749
Canadian Pacific
TO THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
H
Alpine climbing in the Rockies
A camping trip in Yoho Valley.
mm          ~-   ~ '  '      '                               :
W^          1 I        -1' -1     v.
No more delightful holiday could be imagined
than a holiday in the Canadian Rockies.   Here
the Canadian   Pacific  Railway has   erected
mountain   hotels    from which   all   sorts   of
expeditions  can be made—sporting,  fishing,
mountain climbing and camping.   In the Yoho
Valley permanent summer camps are main^""
tained which are  exceedingly popular with those who desire an unconventional holiday in-this romantic country^ Partie-uiar-s- may be
had on application to the Canadian Pacific Railway, 62-65 Charing Cross* London, S.W.    (Opposite the Nelson Monument.)
-J&jOOOft above t/ieSea.
§liii§   jgf"*"
Lake Oesa.
[Photos by
Harmon, BanW. 06o
THE   GRAPHIC,  June   io, 191 i
The Archbishop's Wedding
One of the most curious of the old Florentine customs
was the I marriage " of the Archbishop to the Abbess
of San Pietro. In 1567, not twenty years before the
ceremony was abolished, this (according to Mr. Wood
Brown's " Florence Past and Present ") was the way
of it :—
" The Archbishop now entered the Church of San
Piero, prayed a while, and then took the formal seat
prepared for his new dignity beside the altar and beneath
the canopy of state. On the other side sat the Abbess
with her nuns, and as soon as all was ready she rose,
moved across, and sat down on a seat prepared for her
by the Archbishop's side. He then pronounced a brief
allocution in the accustomed form, declaring that he
accepted hei as his bride ; she-representing the Church
of Florence. The rite was made valid by the gift of
the usual ring, which in this case cost two hundred
florins, and when the Archbishop had set it on her
finger she returned to her former place among the
sisterhood."
And in the afternoon the Abbess sent her-bridegroom of the morning " the bridal bed in crimson,
gold, and fine linen, which she and her nuns had
prepared against the time when it would be required."
The observance was probably the relic of a pagan
rite,  grafted  on to  the  Christian ritual.
The Dyspeptic's Opportunity
Among what may be called death-bed jests, that of
the Rev. James Guthrie, of Stirling, one of the Covenanter
Martyrs, deserves a high place. Lord Guthrie recalls
the story in " From a Northern Window." Mr. Guthrie
was executed at the Cross in the High Street, Edinburgh.
The night before, he asked for cheese for supper. His
friends wondered, for the physicians had forbidden
him to eat cheese. But he said, with a smile,
11 am now beyond the hazard of all earthly diseases."
" Chatterbox "
There is a story of a general who entered a railway
carriage in which Moltke and his aide-de-camp were
travelling. The general saluted and said a few words
of greeting, in reply to which Moltke nodded. For
an hour or more the party travelled in silence ; then
the   general,   having   reached   his   destination,   again
saluted Moltke, said " Adieu," and got out, whereupon Moltke turned to his aide-de-camp in disgust,
exclaiming " Chatterbox! " The story is recalled
in   " The   House   of   Hohenzollern."
The   Human  Clock
The  Spanish painter Ribera   (Mr.  Haldane  Macfall
recalls in the new volume of his " History of Painting ")
A   PROMISING   AUSTRALIAN   MUSICIAN
Godfrey Ludlow, age eighteen, son of Dr. Buxton Ludlow, Sydney, New South
Wales, who has studied four years with Professor Sevcik, in Prague, and in
Vienna, made a most successful tour through eastern Europe, playing for
the Royal Family of Greece and the Sultan of Turkey, who presented
him with handsome presents. He played last week at the Imperial
Institute at the reception given to the delegates from Australia.
worked with such fever that all count of time was lost
to him. " He made a living clock to check the passing
hours. His servant came every hour to the studio to
say in a loud and stately voice, ' Another hour has
gone, Signore Cavaliere ! ' "
The  Ordeal of St.  George
The exploits of St. George, apart from that of the
Dragon, are imperfectly appreciated in the country
which he patronises. In " Saint George for England "
(F. Edwards and Co.) the legends of the Latin Acts are
summarised as follows : —
" Dacian, the Emperor of the Persians, persecuted.
the Church. At this time there was living in the house
of a holy widow George of Cappadocia, a native of
Mytilene. He suffered many tortures—the rack, iron
pincers, fire, a sword-spiked wheel, shoes nailed to his
feet; he was put into an iron box, spiked inside, thrown
down a precipice, beaten with sledge-hammers, a pillar
was laid on him, his head was struck with a great stone,
he was stretched on a red-hot iron bed, molten lead
was poured over him ; he was thrown down into a well,
forty long nails were driven into his body, then he was
placed in a brazen bull over a fire, and again cast into
a well, with a stone round his neck. These refinements
of torture were spread over a period of seven years.
The constancy he showed was the means of converting
40,900 men, together with the Empress Alexandra.
Dacian, failing to compass his death by those savage
means, caused the execution of both of them, and as they
died a whirlwind of fire made an end of the persecutor."
Death from  Imagination
How faith may kill as well as cure is shown by one
of the cases mentioned by Dr. Charles Reinhardt in
" Faith, Medicine, and the Mind." A convicted
murderer had been handed over to the physiologists
for the purpose of an experiment. " He was told that
his hour had come, and that it had been decided that he
should be bled to death. His eyes were bandaged, and
he was pinioned, opportunity first having been given to
him to see the formidable array of surgical instruments,
the vessels to catch the blood, and the other terror-
inspiring paraphernalia of the vivisector's laboratory.
A blunt instrument was now drawn sharply across his
throat, and a stream of warm water was made to trickle
from his neck into a, vessel below the operating-table
upon which he lay. After a while the sounds, which
had previously been continuous and near at hand, were
gradually reduced until the patient, doubtless supposing
that he was bleeding to death, gradually lost consciousness, fainted and expired."
PMpMorris
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They offer the Bond Street Cigarette as the finest Cigarette
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These Cigarettes have a distinction which is entirely their
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PRICES:
The  "Bond  Street"  Turkish from 7/2 per 100
"Princes" Oval Ditto 6/-        ,,
Morisco (Made in Cairo)   ..    from   7/6
Virginia from   5/3
Of all high-class Tobacconists, or of
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Calox is ordinarily sold in non*wasting metal boxes* at Is, l£d. everywhere.
OALOX-THE OXYGEN TOOTH POWDER
To get the fullest benefit   from Calox, use the Calox Tooth Brush, which enables you  to  reach every
part of every tooth perfectly.   Specially designed for use with Calox Tooth Powder.   Sold everywhere at Is.
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 I THE   GRAPHIC, June  io, 1911
899
t/'p»
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, .*"-"
t^flW^*
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For those who have leisure no more delightful route to India and the Durbar could be
suggested than the Canadian Pacific route
—through the picturesque Canadian Rockies
and by way of Japan and China. Leave
London  in August or September.    -
For particulars as to Fares, Sailings,  Itineraries, &c, apply
CANADIAN   PACIFIC   RAILWAY,
62-65,   Charing   Cross,  London,  S.W.
67=68, King William Street, E.C., or local agents everywhere. 750
THE GRAPHIC,  May 21, 1910
SOUVENIRS OF  HALLEY, from Whom the Famous Comet Takes its Name
BUST   OF   HALLEY,   BY   HENRY   PEGRAM
HALLEY'S   NEW   TOMB   IN   ST.    MARGARET'S   CHURCHYARD,    LEE
PORTRAIT   OF   HALLEY
Edmund Halley (1656—1742) was our second Astronomer Royal, and did much important work at Greenwich' Observatory, but his claim to immortality rests on his being the first to predict the return of a
comet. The comet which formed the subject of his calculations has ever since borne his name, and the present is its third reappearance since Halley's day. He was buried at Lee but the original tombstone
was moved in 1854 to Greenwich Observatory, and the new tomb shown here erected in its place. The other memorials of the famous astronomer, which we reproduce, are preserved at Greenwich Observatory
m
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The best modern music is written for the
Orchestra ; on an ^Eolian Orchestrelle you can
play this music for yourself as often as you choose.
Take, for instance, such music as "The Dream of Gerontius." No single-toned instrument, however perfect,
could do full justice to this now famous masterpiece, because it was composed not for the pianoforte, but
for orchestral performances. Consequently, your enjoyment of this music is limited by the fact that you can
only listen to its wonderful strains when it figures in the programme of some high-class concert.
if you have an JEoiian Orchestrelle you can yourself play this music as often
as you choose and as accurately as if it  were played by a full Orchestra.
The yEolian Orchestrelle is the true ' Drawing-room Orchestra.'
It combines in one single instrument all the instruments of a complete orchestra. You need no technical knowledge, only musical
taste, to play on an yEolian Orchestrelle. The notes are sounded
by delicate mechanism in the Pianola way, while YOU control
the time, expression, and orchestration by means of stops, which
you vary as you will, so as to gain the most intimate knowledge of whatever your musical instincts prompts you to select.
Call to-day at ^olian Hall and try the ^Eolian Orchestrelle
for yourself. Also ask for Catalogue "4," which gives full
particulars of the JEoiian Orchestrelle.
. The. Orchestrelle Company,
AEOLIAN HALL,
135-137, New Bond St.. London, W.
p.prOlNTW
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THE   GRAPHIC,   May   21,   1910
749
CANADIAN PACIFIC
TO THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
No more delightful holiday could be imaginea
than a holiday in the Canadian Rockies.   Here
the  Canadian   Pacific  Railway has   erected
mountain   hotels    from  which   all   sorts   of
expeditions  can be made—sporting,  fishing,
mountain climbing and camping.   In the Yoho
Valley permanent summer camps are maintained which are exceedingly popular with those who desire an unconventional holiday in this romantic country.      Particulars may be
had on application to the Canadian Pacific Railway, 62-65 Charing Cross, London, S.W.    (Opposite the Nelson Monument.)
10.000ft above t6e Sea.
Lake Qesau
[Photos by
Harmon, Banff.
	 830
THE   GRAPHIC,   June   4,   1910
FRANGS-TIREURS    OF    THE    OCEAN:   Some  Forgotten  Naval  Heroes
A very good book indeed, both to read and to keep, is
•**• Commander E. P. Statham's | Privateers and
Privateering." published, with illustrations, by Hutchinson.
It is good to read for its exciting stories of that biggest and
grandest of all battlefields, the Sea; it is good to keep as a trustworthy book of reference for all who take any degree of interest
in a subject of which the full history has never been written,
and probably never will be. For it would require on the
part of its writer, over and above a competent knowledge of
the political anl maritime history of the world for the last
four centuries, a professional knowledge both of international
law and of ships and their handling, and the faculty of
extracting the solid facts of mostly obscure careers from a
tangle of legend and—to put it plainly—of lies. The doings
of the Privateers, British, French, and American, from
" Sir " Andrew Barton to George Walker—how many people
will recognise so much as the name ?—need no exaggeration
to reach the high-water mark of maritime adventure. Commander Statham's volume of selected and representative
careers, purged of legend, is popular in the best sense ; and
should be popular in the widest sense also.
This selection he limits to cases where the legal definition
of I Privateer " strictly applies—that is to say, a privately
owned vessel (or its captain) commissioned for the plunder
of the enemy in time of war. Such a commission should be,
but seldom is, distinguished from the " Letter of Marque,"
or licence granted to a private person to recoup himself by
the plunder of a friendly Power in time of peace for losses
at the hands of subjects of that Power, after every effort to
obtain a peaceful settlement has failed. Of course leng
before the present time such a licence would of itself constitute
an act of war. But it seems to have been in use till the time
of Charles II, and perhaps later still, quite consistently with
the state of peace between the two States concerned. The
like strictness of limitation obliges Commander Statham to
exclude from his volume such worthies as Paul Jones and
Captain Semmes of the Alabama, as commissioned officers
of their respective navies. None the less, the looseness of
popular language is not very far out in perceiving more verbal
distinction than actual difference in the gradation from
such naval officers as, say, Paul Jones to the privateer ; from
the privateer to the letter of marque ; from the letter of
marque to the buccaneer ; from the buccaneer to the pirate.
On the other hand, an upward leap from a piratical scoundrel
like George Shelvocke, who marauded the South Sea
(1719-22) as a privateer captain, up to such glories of the
sea as Fortunatus Wright and George Walker, denotes a
difference indeed—privateer captains of the mid-eighteenth
century who, on the high authority of Sir William Laird
Clowes, " did as much to uphold British prestige at sea as
any captains of the Royal Navy." Wright, the terror of the
Mediterranean during the French wars from 1744 to 1757,
never lost a battle against any odds or missed a prize, till he
and his little ship, the St. George, in the full tide of their
unbroken successes, suddenly disappeared and were never
heard of again—their fate remains a secret of the sea. But
the privateer captain—one may say the sea-captain at
large—at his very best and highest is shown in Wright's
contemporary, Gecrge Walker, of whose birth and early life
 -
THE VETERAN PRIMA DONNA, PAULINE VIARDOT
Pauline Viardot retired from grand opera so long ago as 1863, but it was only
the other day she died in Paris, where she was born eighty-nine years ago.
A Spaniard by descent, she was the daughter of an organist and the sister of the
late Manuel Garcia, the centenarian musician, and of the famous Marie
Malibran. She made her debut (at Covent Garden) at the age of eighteen in
Rossini's forgotten "Otello," and married Louis Viardot, the manager of
the Theatre Italien, when she was twenty. She was the first woman who
ever sang " Orpheus" (Paris, 1859) according to the modern version, arranged
by Berlioz. Miss Marie Brema (who has sent us this portrait) after her most
successful performance of "Orphee" in Paris some years ago, sent a large
lyre in Parma violets to " the greatest interpreter of Orpheus," and in return
received a most touching reply praising her own work inmost flattering terms.
absolutely nothing is known ; of his active career much less,
popularly, than there ought to be. No finer compliment
was ever paid to a captain than by one of his owners to
Walker—" We should never think of insuring a ship that was
commanded by you." But he was not only a consummate
sailor and a great taker of prizes. He was a natural master
of men. In a general way, the privateer- captain, in this
resembling his more or less remote cousin, the p/rate, was
very much at the mercy of a chronically semi mutinous
crew. Walker was invariably idolised by his ; he had as
complete command of every crew that he ever sailed with as
of his temper, which was never known to fail. Both his
humanity and his integrity were irreproachable, when neither
quality was a characteristic merit of his calling, while in
what were its indisputable merits, courage and resource, he
was second to none. The conflict maintained for three hours
at close range in fine weather by his vessel, the King George,
with her thirty-two guns against the Spanish Glorioso with
her seventy-four, is unique in the chronicles of sea-fights.
But a yet greater achievement is celebrated in the story of
" how George Walker, by sheer undaunted courage and force
of will and example, kept his ship afloat " throughout a whole
week's seemingly hopeless battle with winds and waves,
" and saved his own and over three hundred lives from a
horrible end in mid-ocean ; the noblest victory he ever won."
That is, indeed, among the most thrillingly heroic of all the
stories of the sea ; it is difficult to refrain from copying out
the pages in which it is admirably told.
How comes it, then, that so little fame belongs to the names
of sailors like these ? A little of their oblivion must be set
down to naval jealousy. But by far the most of it is due to
the fact that their title to fame is rotten at the core. The
owners of privateers were, with few if any exceptions,
speculators in war for private profit; the captains, even the
best and bravest of them, were inspired by nothing higher
than the hope of loot and plunder. If privateering revives
in the naval wars of the future—as, despite of treaties, in
some form or other it almost certainly will—it will have to
be under very different conditions than those which used to
make the Union Jack or the Tricolour and the Black Flag
painfully near akin.
Commander Statham has not failed in impartial justice
to such French privateersmen—more famous than their
British rivals, though not worthier of fame—as Jean Bart,
Du Guay Trouin, Robert Surcouf, or Jacques Cassard ; or
to such " Salem Skippers " as Captain Jonathan Haraden.
Apropos of the French, he has for once, slipped into an error
of detail. The sloop of eighteen guns that carried Prince
Charles Edward from France to Scotland in 1745 was neither
the Dentelle, as he puts it, nor the Doutelle of other historians,
but unquestionably the Dutillet—this on the authority of
the journal of her voyage kept by Captain Durbe, who, as
commanding her, could hardly help knowing her name. THE   GRAPHIC,   June   4,   1910
829
Piotos 61/ flarmon, 73an/f
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and cruise to tropic waters on new "White Empress" luxury liners. You can fly to the Orient,
South America, the South Pacific and Europe on fast, modern airliners. And you can enjoy
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THE   GRAPHIC,   June  19, 1909
? Was C^:: ?   PROBLEMS   OF   ECCENTRIC   GENIUS   ?  PflL! ?
a Forger    ■
a Lunatic
A SUPPOSED PORTRAIT OF CHATTERTON
From a portrait believed to be of the hapless young
genius, in the possession of Mr. Edward Bell. Reproduced by courtesy of the publisher, Mr. Grant Richards,
from " Thomas Chatterton/' by Charles Edward Russell,
reviewed on this page. Mr. Russell d fends Chatterton,
who committed suicide at the age of seventeen, against
the charge of literary forgery.
The  Marvellous  Boy
I Among the greatest poets and most
amazing minds that have lighted the ways
of men." Such is the recorded and, it may
now safety be said, virtually unchallenged
judgment of a fellow-poet, Rossetti, on a
lad without anything worth mentioning of
what we please to call education, who died
before he was nineteen years old. Mr. Charles
Edward Russell, in his life of " Thomas
Chatterton" (Illustrated: Grant Richards)
has done more than merely re-tell a fairly
familiar story. He has done that, and
conspicuously well : but he has also done
more valuable service to our literary history
by demonstrating the rightful place in it
of the father of the renaissance of English
poetry—-as this mere boy may most justly
be called—out of its eighteenth century
grave. Such had verse become in an age
of  prose (meaning no disrespect to   an age
great in its own way) that one may reasonably sympathise with Lambert, the Bristol
attorney, who quite naturally could not
distinguish, in the case of his bound apprentice, between the evolution of genius and
waste of time. Chatterton was the prince who
woke the sleeping beauty from the trance.
His  Defence
To the charge of forg.ry and imposture
with which Horace Walpole, seeking to
poison Chatterton's fame, tainted his own,
Mr. Russell enters a defence needlessly
elaborate for our more discriminating time.
The case is perfectly simple. Most—perhaps
all—imaginative boys and girls have lived
secret lives in aerial castles during the age
of make-believe. They, when grown up,
will understand how a boy, all compact of
imagination, without sports, or pleasures,
or comradeship, or sympathy, became
obsessed by a day-dream until he, Thomas
Chatterton, became far less real to himself
than he, Thomas Rowley. He only seemed
to be a charity boy of Bristol in the dull,
drab days of George III. In vital fact
he lived, moved, and had his being in
those of Red Rose and White, when St.
Mary Radcliffe, the home of his soul, was
as young as he.
The  Arch-Tragedy
Nor is the tragic end to be set down to
so material a cause as starvation. A lad
who had, at his death, more than twenty
pounds owing to him for literary work
cannot be said to have perished for want of
food. Many a man has emerged from twice
his straits with half his courage. His des- -
pair was surely the collapse of a morbidly
precocious brain, that had spent in one
ceaseless fever of creation the ten years of
life in which, beyond all others, nature
cannot be defied without ensuring her
revenge. In any case the life and death
of Thomas Chatterton remains the arch-
tragedy of literary history : and Mr. Russell's
whole-hearted presentment of it can be
unreservedly recommended to all to whom
it may have been but vaguely known.
The Genius of William Blake
" The splendid fire and fervour of his
utterance are qualities which make him a
dangerous subject for criticism," says, with
laudable caution, Mr. Basil de Selincourt in
his study of the life and work of "William
Blake" (Duckworth and Co.). It is the
neglect of this warning by his predecessors
that supplies the only possible raison d'etre
for his own further contribution to a subject
that has been well-nigh written to death.
Blake is no prophet to Mr. de Selincourt,.
who finds, in the very con istency of his
monstrous claims to direct Divine inspiration
in his every word and line, proof of arecognised
form of insanity. The new critic evidently
feels the  fascination  of his theme :    but as
it were against the grain. His attitude,
indeed, almost amounts to the fascination
of repulsion, so utterly does he condemn as
fundamentally false Blake's theories of art
and life : so keen is his perception of
technical weaknesses and errors: so ready
his recognition of imagination " that
o'erleaps itself, and falls" into the unintentionally absurd or the intentionally obscure.
But if he subjects the true Blake-enthusiasts to many an unwelcome cold douche,
it is with convincingly hard and dry deliberation that he accepts the place accorded
to Blake by the comparatively small number
of sanely discriminating admirers—a place
apart from every other poet or painter that
ever lived..
NEBUCHADNEZZAR'   A   WEIRD   DRAWING   BY   WILLIAM   BLAKE
Reproduced by courtesy of the publishers, Messrs. Duckworth and Co., from ** "William Blake/' a monograph oi
poet-artist (believed by many to have been insane), by Basil de Selincourt, reviewed on this p?ge,
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807
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THE   GRAPHIC,   May   8,   1909
THE   ROYAL   ACADEMY,   1909.
A First  Impression
by M. H» Spielmann
HOLBEIN'S FAMOUS   |DUCHESS OF   MILAN"
which the Duke of Norfolk has sold to Messrs. Colnaghi for £60,000.
The picture, which has hung in the National Gallery since 1880, was
painted by Holbein for Henry VIII, and was in that monarch's collection
at the time of, his death.   Photograph by Spooner.
I It isn't so much the excellence of the pictures" said
Bume-Jones once, "that make an interesting Academy; it
is the novlelty of the pictures." (He had been extolling
healthy rebellion among artists, and roundly declared himself
a rebel top.) In this year's Academy it is unquestionably
the novel [pictures that bring an unaccustomed freshness
to the walls—pictures not only novel but good, painted,
some of them, by artists whose names in some cases
are scarcely known to the general public, but who henceforth will be remembered. A few of these painters have
excelled, and their works stick in the memory, along with
the finest things of the most distinguished, standing out, as it
were, against a background of admirable performances which
this year have played their part in raising, as has been
universally recognised, the general average of the exhibition.
It will be interesting to consider these first, reserving for
future consideration what may be called the backbone of the
show; for they are the things that float in the mind as we
recall the impressions left with us from a prolonged
examination of the work of the year.
Seldom has so majestic a design been seen in this country
as Mr. Sargent's great lunette called "Israel and the Law."
It is a quiet, severely restrained decoration in pink and
grisaille, touched with gold, on a blue ground. Thus colour,
■perse, plays little part in the scheme, and handling and brush-
work none at all; yet as a design pure and simple it is
magnificent—stately and harmonious to the point of nobility.
In this same exhibition Mr. Sargent shows us at least two
other masterpieces.
Mr. Sargent's  Masterpieces
The first is " Cashmere"—a little procession of girls, against
a green bank, each wrapped in a cashmere shawl of the loveliest
and tenderest colour. Turn from this sweetly conceived
piece of daintiness to his " Lord Wemyss" and you feel the
full range of his power. Here is the Sargent we all know, in
a picture suggesting the very electrification of life, and you
are left doubting whether you wonder more at the amazing
vitality of the sitter so vigorously rendered, or at that of the
painter himself. It may not be, technically, quite so fine a
work as his graceful portrait of Mrs. Astor in the first room,
but it is certainly the most astounding performance.
Mr. Frederick Beaumont, whom we know as a not very
prominent painter of portraits, has come upon us with a
" Decoration of a Music-Room," showing a marvellous rendering of a star-sprinkled sky seen through a great open window,
by which are seated a man and woman—we may be sure, a
poet and poetess. The whole arrangement is wonderfully
decorative, but the triumph of the picture lies in the depth of
the sky and the lovely poetic setting in it of the Milky
Way. The mysterious tenderness that rejoices us in this
picture fills also the canvases of Mr. Edward Stott. " The
Flight"—conventional only so far that a soft light radiates
from the Child in his mother's arms—is filled with atmosphere,
and the ass and his burden, with the old man beside them,
pass along in the mysterious light that dwells in the broken
colours out of which the picture is built up. Not less poetical
is "The Two Mothers," also by Mr. Stott, with its beautiful
composition and expressive illumination.
From this we turn with unfailing delight to Sir L. Alma-
Tadema's "Favourite Custom," with its woman playing in a
Roman bath, with all the infinite luxury of its details which
the artist presents so learnedly and paints with such perfection of technique and with such unrivalled command of
texture.    It has been bought by the Chantrey Bequest.
Admirable  Portraits
Looking again at the portraits, we welcome first a masterly
group on "Mearbeck Moor, Yorkshire," by Mr. George
Lambert, original in arrangement and strong in handling and
colour. Then comes a portrait of a little girl in red velvet
frock, by Miss Flora Lion, who has so placed her sitter, and
so admirably painted the head, that we can hardly doubt
that we have here a new arrival of real power. The picture
faces the portrait of " Mrs. Fenwick," by Mrs. Swynnerton,
so ultra-violent in colour that only the practised eye which
has the courage to face it and can bear the glare, can
recognise and appreciate the force and vigour of the performance. After the shock thus administered we turn with
relief to "The Letter," by Mr. Harold Knight, one of the
subtler works in the exhibition, a full-length portiait of
singular charm of arrangement and tender colour.
With the other surprises by Sir William Orchardson,
Mr. David Murray, Mr. Briton Riviere, Mr. Stokes, and
Mr. Henderson, which I had reserved for this article, I must
deal on a future occasion.
OUR   ACADEMY   SUPPLEMENT
We present with this issue a twelve-page art supplement,
illustrating some of the leading pictures in the Royal
Academy Exhibition just opened, together with a preliminary notice of some of the features of the show. A portion
of the issue of the supplement, it may be observed, is dated
May i. This is due to the fact that the supplement was
prepared for publication with the number of that date, but
owing to unforeseen circumstances, which arose after part of it
had gone to press, had to be held over until the present week.
CANADIAN-PAH rHE   GRAPHIC,    April   24,   1909
543
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Sanatory Establishments, Hotels, Boarding-Houses, Villas. Two hours'
distance from Munich-Augsburg. In 1908, 8883 visitors. Prospectus
and information free through the Kurverein.
HOTELS    RECOMMENDED
By   THE    HOTEL    TARIFF   BUREAU,   Ltd.,
275,    REGENT     STREET,    LONDON,    W.
THE "HOTEL  TARIFF   GUIDE"   gives   Rates   of   Leading:   Hotels, Hydros, Pensions, etc., 1idv Post Free.    Pocket Size.
THE  "TOURIST," an interesting: Journal of  Travel, Post  Free,   4|d.; Yearly,  4s.  6d.    Keeps you  "au courant" with Modern Travel Advantages.
TARIFF CARDS OF HOTELS, as below, Gratis.    Rooms Booked and Arrangements made Free.
LONDON HOTELS.
KINGSLEY HOTEL (First-class Temperance)
Hart Street, Bloomsbury Square
LONG'S   HOTEL,   F.ond   Street.   W.
(Unsurpassed in Situation and Comforts)
PROVINCIAL   HOTELS.
HYDROS,   BOARDING   ESTBS.,
&c.
HYDRO HOTELj;
i 9-Hole Golf Course free
to visitors.    On ed*e of
moor.        J. I. Kirby.
BIRMINGHAM (Rebuilt. Up to Date)
Central Imperial Hotel
BRIGHTON (The Position)   .    .   .
Queen's Hotel
BRIDLINGTON (Golf)
The Alexandra Hydro Hotel
EASTBOURNK   (Excellent   Cuisine.    Turkish
Baths)   .   . . The Hydro Hotel
GREAT MALVERN (Best position. Golf. Garage. Elec. Light. 'Phone 183.) Abbey Hotel
HARROGATF. : Cairn Hydro
(Fxcellent Cuisine. Baths.  Garage, &c.)
HINDHEAD,   Haslemere (820ft. alt.   Elec. Lt.
Garage.   Billiards) Hotel Moorlands
ILFRACOMBE (Leading and only Hotel Facing
Sea}     ....     The Ilfracombe Hotel
ILFRACOMBE (Grand Sea Views. Bracing Sunshine. Bijou Guide Free) Granville Pension
JERSEY:   The    Grand   Hotel   (Premier   of
-Channel Islands.    Moderate T'ariff)-X-ssB
LEAMINGTON:   Regent Hotel.    (Premier
Hotel   of    the    Midlands.     Large  Garage)
LYNTON (Unique Situation. Extensive Grounds)
Cottage Hotel
MALVERN (Facing due South)
The Imperial Hotel
OXFORD {En Pension. Central. Terms moderate)
Oxenford Hall
RAMSGATE    (Facing   Sea.     Passenger    Lift.
Electric Light)    .    The Hotel St. Cloud
ROTHESAY : Queen's   Hotel.     (First-class.
Occupying Hest Position on Esplanade)
SALISBURY (Convenient for Stonehenge)
County Hotel
CEAFORD : Esplanade Hotel (Facing Sea.
Close to Golf Links.    Moderate Tariff)
S1DMOUTH   (Electric   Light.     Lift.     French
Chefs) The Victoria Hotel
SWANAGE : Craigside Private Hotel
(En Pens on)
TORQUAY (Own Grounds.    Facing Sea)
Victoria and Albert Hotel
CONTINENTAL  HOTELS.
AIXLA-CHAPELLE (160 Rooms and Saloons)
Emil Nagel's Hotel Kaiserhof
AIX-LA-CHAPELLE
Henrion's Grand Hotel
AMSTERDAM (Centrally located. First-class)
Hotel des Pays Bas
ANDERMATT : Danoith's    Grand    Hotel
(Favorite Resort.    Moderate Terms)
BADENWEILER (Black Forest.   Opp. Hydro.
Vast park. Pens. 7-12 mks.) Hotel Sommer
( Grand Hotel de l'Univers. (Lead-
DlCIEJing Hotel.   Best halting place twixt
Vrl<9LL i north and south. Quiet and airy. Own
' garden)     .     .    W. F. Eberle, Mgr.
BAVENO, L. Maggiore, Italy,   (lst.-cl. Splendid
Site. Mod. Comf. Price Mod.) Palace Gd. Htl.
BERLIN(Wilhelm Platz. Completely Rebuilt 1906
225 Rooms. 120 Bath Rooms) The Kaiserhof
BERLIN :  Kaiser  Hotel   (Friedrich. Strasse.
Central.    Modern.    Moderate)
BERLIN(Unter den Linden. Astoria Restaurant
in connection) The Carlton
BEX (Switzerland) Grand  Hotel des Bains.
(First-class.    Op?n all Year.    Saline Baths)
CHAMONIX (Favt. Engl. Family.   Summer &
Winter Sports. Open all Year) Hotel de Paris
COLOGNE O/RHINE (First-class and Leading
House)   .   . .    .    Hotel Disch
€MASw)        ( Orand Hotel Villa d'Este
VV1TIV,       J   (Cernobbio). Leading and Most
IAKF   AF   1   Renowned Hotel on this World-
LftnE   VW    I  Famed  Lake.    Larg.   Park.
DRESDEN   (World-renowned     Select     Hotel.
Auto-garage) Hotel Bellevue
EMS (Suites with Baths.    Large Garden)
The Hotel d'Angleterre and Park Villa
ENGELBERG (Alpine Health Resort. Leading.
600 Beds) Grand Hotel & Kurhaus Titlis
FRANKFORT A/M : Englischer Hof.
(New Palatial Hotel, Station Square)
FRANKFORT A/M : Hotel Monopol-Metro-
pole (First-class.   Opposite Station)
FREIBURG i/B (First-class Family Hotel)
Hotel Beau Sejour
GENEVA (Comfort. Faces Park. Pens, from 6 fr.
Rooms from 2.50) Htl. Pens. Fleischmann
GENOA (Ticket Office.    Perfect Sanitation)
Eden Palace Hotel
GLION(Over Montreux) (Most Mod. Unique View
Bath Suites. No Consumptives) Park Hotel
HANOVER : Hotel Bristol (Opposite Station.
Completely Rebuilt;
HEIDELBERG : Schloss Hotel & Bellevue.
(UniqueLocation. Opp. The Castle. Mod. 1st.-cl.)
LAUSANNE (Comfortable.  Pension Terms from
6 frs.)    ....     Bristol Regina Hotel
LAUSANNE (Modern.   Close to Station.   Open
all year. En Pension from 7.50) Eden Hotel
LAUSANNE (Nr. f tation. Bath Suites.  New Up
to Date Eng. Fam. Hotel) Hotel Victoria
LES AVANTS (Montreux) (First-class   Family.
Winter Sports.    3300 ft. Alt.) Grand Hotel
LUCERNE (Fav. Eng. House.   Finest Position.
Private Baths.)    Beau Rivage.
LUGANO (lst-cl. Fam. Htl. on Lake Shore.  All
Comf. Up to Date)* Hotel Bellevue au Lac
LUGANO : Hotel Metro pole, Enlarged, and
Lugano au Lac
LUGANO (Up to Date.    Facing Pier.   Vacuum
Cleaner each floor. Mod. Charges) Lloyd Htl.
MARIENBAD (First Class   Renowned Cuisine.
Latest Comforts)     .   .    .    Hotel Klinger
MONT PELERIN, over VEVEY (Switzerland)
Hotel Belvedere
MONT PELERIN, over VEVEY (Switzerland)
Hotel des Alpes
(Grand Hotel Belmont
(Most Popular House, Holding
Best Position in Montreux)
Propr T. Unger Donaldson.
MUNICH: Regina Palace Hotel (Most Up
to Date in Munich)
TUTTTOTrw    J    Hotel Four Seasons
MUNICH    | Hotel DE RussJE
PARIS:     Hotels   St. James   and   Albany
(Opposite Tuileries.   Modern.    Moderate.)
t Hotel Langham,
DA DI£ J     24> Rue Boccador, Champs Elysees.
r/tKia 1     First-class.    Full South.    Reduced
V. Winter Terms.
f    Near the Opera.
PARIS  I        Very Moderate Terms.
V. Grande Bretagnk
{Hotel des Champs Elysees, 3, Rue
Balzac, Paris. Open Nov. 1908. Quiet
Sit. Views to S. and E. Roof Terrace.
Irreproachable Cooking. Mod. Chgs.
SALT&VE (2,000 feet above I!eneva.   Facing Mont
Blanc) Hotel Bellevue
THUN (Bern. Oberland) Hotels Victoria and
Baumgarten (Lift.   Tennis.   Large Garden)
THUN (Favourite.   Homely and Large Family
House) Pension Itte\
TRIBERG: Schwarzwald Hotel (Patronised
by English and Americans)
VEVEY, Lake of Geneva : Gd. Htl. deVevey&
Palace (Finest Site in own Extensive Grounds)
\A-7TTrQ-R4r»TT\r /    Hotel Kaiserhof.
WIESBADEN -( Augusta victor.a B&d
WIESBADEN(Own Mineral Springs. Patronised
by English and Americans) Hotel Victoria
AMERICAN   HOTELS.
MFW       f Broadway and 34th Streets.
l^Lif      J   Herald Squire Hotel.
VADK     I   Fireproof.    European   Plan.
1 Vnil     ^ Rooms, $1.50 and upwards. 544
THE   GRAPHIC,  April  24,   1909
PUBLIC   SCHOOL   RACQUETS
CHARTERHOUSE   (WINNERS)
H. "W. Leatham (on left) and H. A. Denison.   They won the
final against Eton by four games to one.
MALVERN    (SEMLFINALISTo)
N. J. A. Foster (on left) and C.IH. L. Cramer-Roberts.    Last
year's winners, beaten by Eton in the semi-Iinal.
An  Extraordinary  Series
The history of the Public Schools Racquet
Championship abounds with records of close
matches ever since its institution in 1868.
It is this, in no small degree, that has
made the event more interesting than any
other at racquets, and this year's competition, which was played at Queen's Club last
week, proved no exception to the rule.
Among the schools who enter—the full
number that possess racquet courts is 15, and
this year 12 competed—there are, of course,
always several weak pairs; but among the
rest it is a great struggle, and not for many
years has any school been so far ahead of all
the rest that one could predict their victory
with real certainty.
This year's matches were, to f.he interested
looker-on who has been there for years, the
most extraordinary series that have happened
since the Public Schools moved from Old
Prince's to Queen's Club. There was no
great pair in the competition ; there was no
great player. Yet three of the matches were
almost too terrible to watch for the people
intimately concerned. The first reflection
on the different schools is " Many congratulations to Radley." Radley have done little
in the racquet world up to date ; but if they
can produce any more players like A. C. G.
Lonsdale they will do a lot. Tonbridge, too,
have a pair of very young players who ought
to make some of their opponents sit up, if
not next year, in 1911, for both of the Ton-
bridge boys will be playing for the next
two years.
The Winning Pair
Charterhouse were rather a lucky pair to
win the cup; but if ever a pair deserved to win
they did. They were magnificently coached,
and they kept all the precepts of that great
master of the game, F. Dames-Longworth,
diligently before their eyes. They played a
wonderfully safe game, kept a fine length,
served with brain and tactics, and took
service well. Their fortune came in here.
They met Rugby when C. T. B. Simpson, a
fine player, was right off his game. It was
not Simpson's fault.    Five we ks ago he was
playing beautifully, and then the "flu" took
him. He played very well in his first
practice at Queen's, and then went steadily
off; he was weak. How good Rugby were
can be gathered from the fact that they beat
E. B. Noel and E. H. Leaf at Rugby by four
games to love.
A Wonderful Match
Even with Simpson off the mark, Rugby
ought to have won after a killing finish.
Samson played a great game for Rugby,
and nursed Simpson through three bad games.
Charterhouse were three games to love till
Simpson came back to something like true
form. Then Rugby made it three games all,
and were alternately game-ball, set three,
with both hands in. And then thiy lost. It
was a wonderful match.
Harrow just won from Clifton by four
games to three, just by Lang's extra steadiness. W. M. Brownlee is a most brilliant
player, but too wild to carry a partner who
is off his game.
Harrow's Lost Chance
Harrow had a great chance of beating
Charterhouse, and why they didn't Leatham's
service knows. Two all in games, and 12-4
in the fifth game, Harrow looked liked going
"right through." Leatham's grand length
service, however, got them cold, and Charterhouse won 4-2. The great sadness of the
week was the awful failure of N. J. A. Foster
for "Malvern against Eton. Malvern had a
fine chance to win the second, third, and
fourth games, but Foster could do nothing
right at the right moment. Oh, that one
percher he put on the board at game-ball
in the second game. Cramer-Roberts played,
all things considered, as one of the best losing
second strings seen up at Queen's for years.
The final was a certainty for Charterhouse.
They were so cool, and, what is the most
important thing in Public School racquets,
so even. Eton ran away with the third
game, Craigie serving magnificently, but
then Denison stepped in. In the last game
Eton showed bad tactics by setting five at
thirteen all, instead of three, for Charterhouse
only had one hand in.
$      f
1  •
P
ETON   (RUNNERS^UP)
J. C. Craigie (on left) and V. T. Bulkeley Johnson.   They were
outplayed in the final.
G&
I
HARROW  (SEML-FINALISTS)
A. H. Lang (on left) and   C. E. V. Crutchley.    Be
Charterhouse in the semi-final.
Send for Pamphlet, "SPECIAL TOURS," to any of the following Canadian Pacific Offices :—
62-65, Charing Cross, London ;
67, 68, King William Street, London ;
24, James Street, Liverpool;
41, Victoria Street, Belfast.
92, Cross Street, Manchester
18, St. Augustine's Parade, Bristol
67, St. Vincent Street, Glasgow ;
?mm^J$&^
*^&.J%£h!*~.
.'&#*: During  the visit of  the Grand Duke Boris to Madrid the annual
ceremony of embodying all the recruits of the Madrid regiments with the
|   colours took place.    Each man, according to custom, kissed the colours as
j   he was sworn in.    The Grand Duke was present with King Alfonso—as is
shown in the inset—and the Que^n and all   the members of the Spanish
Royal Family also witnessed the spectacle.   Photograph by Nuevo Mundo.
>
jxj
p
I
Kissing   the   Colours
Recruits   of
adrid   Regiments   being   Sworn   In   before   King   Alfonso
—— 5H
THE   GRAPHIC,   April   n,   1908
Photograph by
Henri  Manuel.
A   RESTAURANT   COAT
WORLDLY   WOMAN
\^E are always told that we live in an age remarkable
for its fickleness ; that we lack the power to con
centrate our thoughts for long on any subject. The
proofs of such theories are legion. We prefer music-halls
to plays because we are bored with ideas spun out
through three or four long acts. Who could find time
and patience to read a three-volume novel nowadays, or
jog along in a cab when there are taximeters ? Even our
barbarous spelling is losing some of its unnecessary
letters, and we are almost as brief and concise in our
conversation as any New-Yorker. But I might multiply
my examples endlessly. No one needs to be convinced
that present-day existence is one frenzied rush after
nothing in particular.
This fever of ever-strenuous effort has not invaded the
domain of fashion. The old order changes, it seems, in
everything but in clothes. We talk a great deal of our
novelties, but where are they ? When we try to come
down to facts they turn out to be froth and bubble.
Every April and November we look confidently to Paris
for the undreamt-of in the way of surprises, and the
unheard-of in ghic. Our faith is doomed to eternal
disappointment, and yet we go on hoping each season
that now, or never, will Paris rise to the occasion and
astonish the world.
It never does. Is this hurry for hurry's sake fatal to
the development of new ideas, or does it lead us to
expect so much more than can be realised ? At any rate,
after a careful survey of the dresses worn at the Concours
Hippique and elsewhere, I have arrived at the Conclusion
that we stand at the opening of the summer season with
not one novelty to the good—not one. Of eccentricities
there are many, but they go merely to prove the rarity
of the new idea. In default of it we exaggerate the
fashionable tendencies and arrive at results that are
pleasing only to the eye of the dressmaker. To wear
them requires a personality, a grace, and a charm that
are almost superhuman, and for ordinary mortals these
giddy heights of exaggerated chic are perilous to climb.
For instance, it is the fashion of fashions just now to
look remarkably like a ninepin painted in horizontal
stripes. Lines of trimming that have no visible beginning
or ending meander round and round the figure, and to the
Model by Photograi a by
Drecoll. Henri  Mai.uel.
THE   SHAWL   WRAP
m to reach QUEBEC m
B-TH-E SHORTEST ROUTE AND
OiMHE*iGRtAT EST 'jJBQM FORT
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TO  EVERY PART OF
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CANADA. THE   LOVELIES* COUNTRY ON  EARTH
Apply for Illustrated Handbooks and all further information to CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY, 62  to  65, Charing Cross, London, S.W. ;
6j and 68, King William Street, London, F.C. ; 24, James Street, Liverpool; 67, St. Vincent Street, Glasgow;   18, St. Augustine's Parade,
Bristol; 02, Cross Street, Albert Square, Manchester; 41, Victoria Street, Belfast; 33, Quai Jordaens, Antwerp.

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