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Get your Canadian home from the Canadian Pacific Canadian Pacific Railway. Department of Natural Resources 1914

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 r
WHY?
|>p/*4|TCp Western Canada offers the
DLvAUOL greatest modern opportunity
to industrious  farmers.
DfjpAITCI? In Western Canada you can
DLtAUOL own your own land—rich,
virgin soil—instead of renting worn-out acres
in older countries.
DUpATTCC Western Canada affords good
DLLAUJJit lands, good markets, excellent educational facilities and an unrivalled
climate.
D|?P AITCI? Land at $ 11 to $30 per acre
DLtnUO£i (irrigated land, $35 to $75 per
acre) in Western Canada produces greater
crops than land at $100 to $200 in old and
exhausted districts.
RWATTCF The Canadian Pacific Railway
DAVAUJL win assist the desirable settler,
by giving him 20 years to pay for the land,
and by making him a loan to the value of
$2,000 for farm improvements, and in approved cases, will advance cattle, sheep, and
hogs   up   to   the   value   of   $1,000   on   a   loan
basis.
3:
J THESE  LETTERS TELL YOU  WHY
The best testimony is always the
personal experience; therefore, the
Canadian Pacific Railway presents
these letters, all of them written by
settlers in Western Canada, as the
best and most conclusive evidence
that the farmer will find in Western
Canada a better field for his endeavor
than any other part. The writers of
these letters are located all over the
three "prairie provinces" of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta;
they have come from widely separated points, from, different States,
east and west, from Eastern Canada,
from Great Britain; and some have
been established in Western Canada
for thirty years or more, having come
out first in the old pioneer days—
others, only for a year or two, who
find that Western Canada is essentially modern and has kept abreast
of progress and civilization. All of
them have the same tale of success.
Western Canada has used them well.
And not only does the farmer speak
—the farmer's wife, too, has given
her testimony, and, after all, she is
very often the most important partner. The farmer's wife looks less at
the financial side, more at the personal side; what she is interested in
is—What are the social conditions up
in Western Canada? What amusements have they? What is the climate like? How will it suit the children? Are the schools good? The letters from farmers' wives which will
be found in the following pages, will
answer all these and similar questions; like those of the men, they
speak for themselves. Western Canada   Suits men,  women  and  children. AN AVERAGE OF $24.93 PER ACRE
Mr. C. S. Noble, of Noble, near
Lethbridge, Alta., writes to the Lethbridge Board of Trade, under date of
February 14th, 1914:
We have recently completed our
figures of the amount of crop actually
received from our farms in the 1913
season, and the statement below
shows the acreage, the total yields,
and the average yield per acre: —
Yield. Average.
Acres.       Bush.       Bush.
Oats     2,889      289,648      100.26
Barley         462        28,365        61.4
Wheat         306        11,683        38.18
Flax         203 2,981        14.68
By this you will see that we have
threshed in all over 332,677 bushels.
With the exception of the 203 acres of
flax, all our grain was grown on summer-fallowed land.
Of this acreage in oats we have
found that 986 2-10 acres on the home
place have averaged 109 bushels and
21 lbs., while the average on the
whole acreage is found to be 100.26
bushels. We believe this yield is
largely due to the purity of the seed,
and the very careful cleaning and
grading it has received the past few
years.
Our wheat yield was largely cut
down on account of having seeded an
inferior variety of wheat very thick,
intending to cut for hay, and afterwards decided to thresh it. Our Marquis    wheat    yield    from    45    to    50
bushels per acre.
Valuing the small percentage of our
1913 crop still on hand as accurately
as possible, we have taken from our
3,852   acres   in   crop   the  past   season
ApA*
,4>y.  ly/cpj an average of $24.93 per acre; and
we are ourselves planning to make a
better record the coming season.
Should you find these figures of
any help, you are at liberty to use
them as you see fit, as our books will
verify these statements.
WINTERS  NOT  SO  SEVERE  AS  IN
THE  STATES.
This certainly is an ideal climate
since I have been here, and from the
inquiries I have made I don't think
the winters are as severe as in the
States. I have never seen better crops
than we have here. They can raise
anything here that you can in the
States. There are several pieces of
alfalfa that have had two cuttings,
and they expect to cut two more,
and for stock raising it beats anything
I ever saw. However, all kinds of
stock are very high, and tell the people that they send or bring all
the good cows and mares that they
possibly can. While there is good
money in grain farming, I would
recommend raising all the young
stock possible, for feed costs but very
little. I saw one stockman yesterday
buy three calves of a farmer here at
$10.00 a piece before they were born,
and take his own risk.
iSigned)      C. A. HAMAKER.
Nightingale, Alta., July 27, 1913.
BIG  OAKS  FROM   LITTLE
ACORNS  GROW.
I came into this district about eight
years ago, bringing my family, consisting of three boys and three girls,
with me from Nebraska.
I had very poor health while in the States, and when I located here could
not walk without the aid of a cane.
Since I have been here, my health
has been of the best, and when I add
that the doctors gave me up in the
States, you will see that I have good
reasons to call this a healthful climate.
We homesteaded land on Section
24-33-19, West 2nd, with practically no
capital, and lived in sod buildings,
using oxen to do our work. From the
sod buildings we progressed to log
buildings, and have now nearly completed a three-story bungalow, 50 x
40 feet, with full basement, electric
light, hot water heating—in short,
modern throughout. The oxen we replaced with horses, which are now
replaced by power.
We have now three sections of land,
of which about one thousand acres are
under crop to different cereals. Our
experience has proved mixed farming
the most successful method in this
country.
We have about 200 head of cattle
and horses, one hundred and forty
hogs, and a large flock of poultry.
Since we have worked our soil, we
have raised ripe tomatoes, cucumbers,
and the very finest cabbage and potatoes.
Outside of our own work, I attribute
our success to the fact that we have
confined our efforts to diversified
farming, on which subjects we are all
cranks. One of my girls is married
to a prosperous farmer, who lives near
us, and who is also a firm believer in
our methods. My girls are as good
with the binder as with the needle,
and I might mention that one of them
is a graduate nurse.
We shall be pleased to have anyone
come and inspect for themselves the
results of our efforts, and assure any visitors that we will give them of the
best we have of the returns of our
farming.
(Signed)      JOHN JANSEN.
Jansen, Sask., Jan. 9, 1913.
LIVES   AS   COMFORTABLY   AS    IN
OREGON.
I came from Pendleton, Oregon, to
Alberta in 1908, and bought a section
of farming land 20 miles east of Calgary at $15 per acre. With my family
I moved on to this land in 1909, and
have occupied it ever since. I have
lived as well and made as much
money as I ever made anywhere in
the United States. My family has
not suffered in any way; we have
schools, railroads, neighbors, telephones, good roads, and all the needs
of ordinary farm life at hand. When
we moved on to our land there was
but one or two farm houses in sight,
but now we can count about forty
homes in a radius of fifteen miles,
and our land has increased in value
from $15 to about $45 per acre, besides
we have had a good living, and have
enjoyed life while this increased price
has come to us.
I am frank in saying that if I were
selling my holdings here to-day I
would not go back to Oregon, or to
any other state. I am satisfied with
this country, and know positively that
any man who will come here with a
medium amount of capital, and use
his intelligence, and. have a little
back-bone, will succeed. It is true
there have been some failures within
my knowledge, but in practically
every case the cause of these failures
was either ignorance of the ways of
the country or lack of farming experience.
In' 1913 I threshed about 20,000
bushels  of  oats  and barley  from  430 acres of land, and marketed this at
about 25 cents for the oats and 40
cents for the barley. I have never
sold a fat hog for less than seven and
a half cents per pound, and from that
to nine cents, while in Oregon I saw
my father take four cents for many a
thousand pounds of live hogs. I have
sold milch cows here for as high as
$75 each, and other live stock at proportionately high prices.
We raise every ordinary variety of
vegetables in abundance, and live just
as well and just as comfortably on
our farm here as farmers occupying
land worth $100 per acre in Oregon,
live. I know positively from actual
experience that we can place a four-
year-old steer or a fat hog on the
market here cheaper than any farmer
can in Oregon, for the reason that we
can produce such an abundance of
cheap feed. And our prices are as
high or higher than the same live
stock in Oregon or other western
states.
Respectfully
(Signed)      BERT HUFFMAN.
Langdon, Alta., Jan. 30, 1914.
HAS   NEVER   HAD   A   CROP
FAILURE.
In the year 1908 I left Brantford,
Ont., for the west, and after looking
over a good deal of country, decided to
locate at Traynor. At that time there
was no railway nearer than Battleford,
and we got all our provisions from
there, and in the fall of the year the
C.P.R. was built through. I home-
steaded on N.E. 14 sec. 4-37-17, west
3rd, that year, and now have my quarter section all under cultivation, with
a good set of buildings, etc. I have
four horses and five head of cattle,
and a full set of implements. I have
a good crop every year;  one year my oats yielded 86 bushels per acre, and
my wheat 30 bushels, and the poorest
year my crops netted me $10.50 per
acre, and we have never had a crop
failure. I am now going into stock
and mixed farming to a large extent,
as prices for stock are good, and there
is an abundance of feed which, on the
farm without stock, is wasted.
I think stock raising would be very
profitable here on account of the large
amount of feed which is easily obtained, and may say that the chance to
make money out of stock compares
favorably with Ontario; field peas
and all kinds of vegetables grow very
good, and this is the first year my
potatoes have yielded less than 125
bushels per quarter acre.
On the whole, I think farming here
makes more money easier than in Ontario, and to my mind the climate is a
good deal better.
(Signed)    EDWARD DANSKIN.
Traynor, Sask., Dec. 6, 1913.
UPON  RETIRING, SAYS HE WOULD
LOCATE   IN   MANITOBA   IF   HE
HAD TO START OVER AGAIN.
Twenty-six years ago I located here,
coming from Blackburn, Lancashire,
England, with practically no previous
experience of farming. After this
time I am thinking of retiring, and of
selling my farm to live on what I
have made. I have now fifty head of
cattle, twenty horses, sixty sheep, and
twenty pigs. I have raised as high
as 100 bushels of oats per acre, <jnd
37% bushels of wheat; but the average
yield that can be raised off land
round here is 25 bushels of wheat, 50
bushels of oats, 30-35 bushels of barley, and 12-15 bushels of flax. The
soil is heavy black loam, with a good
water supply.    I have figured out my income per acre as about $15, and my
expenses as about $5. When I
acquired my land, first by homestead
and later by purchase, I paid a price
that averaged all round, counting in
the different purchases, at about $7.50
per acre, but now, with the improvements I have made and the rise in
land values during 26 years, it is well
worth $40 per acre. Nowadays things
are a bit different from what I experienced, when I first came here.
The newcomer doesn't have to rough
it like he would have done in the old
days, when possibly he would have
been anywhere from twenty to fifty
miles from a railroad, whereas now he
is quite close. But having spent what
comes to almost half a life-time here,
I may say that if I had to live it
again I would do the same as I did
and start right in and farm in Manitoba. I think the prospects now are
just as good and better than ever, and
every man who comes up here determined to work hard on his land will
make good.
PETER SUTCLIFFE.
Birtle, Man.
CAME     TO     ALBERTA     FOR     HIS
WIFE'S  HEALTH—SHE IS  NOW
ENTIRELY  CURED.
I came here from Andolian Co.,
Iowa, 1910. At that time we had to
haul everything we had 20 miles. • On
the other hand, we now have a railway right through the colony, and a
good little growing town. I left Iowa
mostly on account of my wife's health,
as she was troubled with asthma in a
high degree. She is now entirely
cured since coming to Alberta, on
account   of  the   light   and   clear   air." The   climate   here   is   healthful   and
good.
In regard to our crops, I must say
that they have, generally speaking,
been very good, and I believe that this
country has a great future before it.
Cattle pay very well, as well as
horses and swine. Cattle and horses
run at large all winter and do well,
but it nevertheless pays well to take
care of them. We are well satisfied
here, and have no intention of moving
away from here.
(Signed)      T. L. ANDERSEN.
Standard, Alta., Nov. 5, 1913.
STORY     OF    CHAMPION     COW
BROUGHT THIS DAIRYMAN
FROM   OREGON.
Mr. Fisher, of Portland, Oregon, retired from railroad contracting in
June. He has a son who owns a Jersey dairy farm near Portland, and by
chance they saw some C.P.R. literature containing a photograph and
description of Rosalind of Old Basing
(champion cow of the British Empire,
raised at Red Deer). They thought
there was not much truth in what she
was supposed to have done, but as Mr.
Fisher had nothing to do he thought
he would take a run up to Alberta and
investigate things himself.
He came to Red Deer, and was so
taken with the stock, look of the crops,
and the conditions generally, that
within a week he was on his way back
to Portland, the owner of 360 acres of
good Red Deer dairy farming land,
and by the middle of August he was
back in Red Deer with the news that
he, his wife, and married son were
coming right away with three carloads
of Jersey cattle, horses, etc., having
sold the Oregon farm and having decided that the town of Red Deer was
where he and his wife wanted to settle
10 down for the rest of their days, and
that the half section four miles from
town was the place of places for his
son to make profits out of dairying
that were not possible in Oregon.
Mr. Fisher is in Red Deer now,
getting the buildings, etc., into shape
ready for the arrival of his family and
his son's outfit.
Yours truly,
(Signed)    C. A. JULIAN SHARMAN,
Owner of Rosalind of Old Basing.
Red Deer, Alta., Oct. 6, 1913.
CALIFORNIA   WEATHER   NO   BETTER THAN SASKATCHEWAN.
I was among the first of the homesteaders in this district, and knew
little or nothing of farming or country
life, being a blacksmith by trade.
Started in with four old plugs and
second-hand implements picked up in
Manitoba, a cow and some hens.
Had to pay pretty dear for experience sometimes, but now own 12 head
of horses, some cattle, and good implements, a half section of land all
broke. Had four fair crops and two
good ones, including the one this fall,
which was so good that nearly every
one is taking a holiday, some to the
Old Country, some east, and some to
California,' though wherever they are
they can't be having any better
weather than we are having here this
winter.
Writing is not much in my line, but
anyone that is willing to work hard
can make good in this country. It's
only seven years since this part opened up, and then you would only see a
shack and a sod barn. Now the land
is planted, good schools, and a general air of prosperity all round.
Yours sincerely,
(Signed)      ALLAN CUTHILL.
Webb, Sask., Jan. 2, 1914.
11 ADVANTAGES HAVE NOT BEEN
EXAGGERATED.
I arrived at Calgary on April 20th,
1913, having come from the county of
Norfolk, England. I bought a half
section of C.P.R. land at Nightingale,
and started in at once with my farm
work. As there was no time to plow
land for a crop, I seeded stubble land,
which had been cropped last year,
right on the stubble, without further
preparation. From this I have
threshed 30 bushels to the acre of No.
1 wheat. The wheat was sown the
first week in May, and cut the last
week in August. I also had a good
crop of oats.
My wife and children and myself all
like the country, and are particularly
well pleased with the climate. We
have had good health, and I have no
hesitation in saying that the advantages offered to the farmer who will
settle in Alberta have not been exaggerated by the representatives of
the Canadian Pacific Railway.
I am now keeping five cows, which
bring in an income of about $7.00 a
week, and I intend going more extensively into live stock just as soon as
I can, as while grain crops are successful, I believe the greatest possibilities are before the man who will
apply himself to mixed farming.
Yours very truly,
(Signed)    GEORGE THURSTON,
Nightingale, Alta., Oct. 27, 1913.
MIXED   FARMING   IS   MOST
PROFITABLE.
I came to the United States from
Denmark about four years ago, with
one thing in view, and that was to
find cheap land or free land, as I had
always been engaged in farming at
home.      I   stayed    one   year   in   the
12 States, and looked around from one
place to another without finding what
I was looking for. The land was
either too high priced or the rental
was too high. With the help of some
of my relatives, I came to Canada and
purchased a half section of land, situated about 30 miles east of Calgary,
Alberta, close to a town by the name
of Standard, and while I often think
about my native land, I must say that
here at Standard I have found what
I was looking for, namely, good land
at a low price on very easy payments.
The price of land here differs a great
deal. It runs from $11.00 an acre and
upwards, but what makes the land
seem cheap here is that the C.P.R.
sell their land to a man of moderate
means at such easy terms that it is
possible for a man with very little
capital to get started. No one needs
to have any hesitancy in dealing with
the C.P.R., as they will sell you land
under extremely easy terms, and
make loans for improvements at the
rate of 6 per cent. At home in Denmark we think that 6 per cent, is
rather a high rate of interest, but it is
well to remember that here in Canada
the current rate of interest is considerably higher. Personally, I have
no hesitancy in advising my countrymen to come here to buy land, as long
as it can be bought under such reasonable conditions as at present. As
an example of the possibilities here, I
can mention that when I came here
about two years ago last April there
were only a few small houses here,
and no railway. Now we have a railway with trains every day, and also
a good thriving town. Many farms
have been built since, as many farmers have come here from the United
States since that time.
Prices for products are very good,
13 that is when one goes in for mixed
farming, and conditions here are such
that mixed farming is a most profitable method of farming. I have now
farmed here for two years and am well
satisfied. The climate is excellent.
(Signed) AXEL LARSON.
Standard, Alta., Nov. 2, 1913.
WHAT   THIS   MAN   DID   ANY
OTHER   MAN   CAN   DO.
I came here in 1883, got a homestead, and for four years had quarter
interest in a team of horses, wagon,
and plow. After that a yoke of oxen,
two cows and plow, wagon, and a
quarter interest in other implements.
During the first years we suffered
much from frost and drought. Our
first crop was frozen, and for two
years dry weather and gophers made
it doubtful if we could make both ends
meet. Then distance from market was
another drawback  (thirty miles).
One year I had a wife and four children and ten cents cash to run the
season from spring to fall, but we had
four cows, and butter was twelve to
fifteen cents per pound and eggs were
the same per dozen; but it was get
what we could and go without the
other things—and keep out of debt,
except for an odd implement. It was
my rule to never go into any indebtedness for anything we could do without,
and then only to the extent of 25 per
cent, of what I owned, and all payments must be met promptly at due
date, and this was one of the things
that, in the early days, saved us from
leaving the farm. I have never
bought anything for speculation, but
only for use on the farm.
After four years I got a second
homestead, and have them both yet.
In 1891 I bought my first quarter section,  making   three  quarter sections.
14 In 1892 I bought another, and in 1898
my fifth. This was for pasture, as all
the land around us was being bought
up, and my stock was increasing, so
I bought this quarter in the creek valley. I paid for these by instalments,
and in 1903 my brother went to B.C.,
and as he had an unfailing supply of
water, I bought his half-section, although I had not a cent to buy with.
At this time the railway was only 5%
miles away. Since then it has been
plain sailing, as ■ I have 500 acres under crop each year, and breed some
colts, and have a herd of pure-bred
cattle. I now have nine quarter-
sections. During the first years I
raised my family of three boys and six
girls, and by simple living, plain but
good food, all lived, and are now going out to take their places in the
world.
Just a word of how we made good.
(1) Always keeping my word either
spoken or written; (2) living well but
plainly; (3) thinking a good many
times before going into debt and then
never passing the 25 per cent, limit;
(4) never buying because someone else
thought I should. Never going into
debt for luxuries—they must be paid
for in cash always. I always kept one
ideal in view, and have worked steadily to it. From a little boy of thirteen
without a cent in Toronto, I have
steadily climbed till to-day, forty
years after, I have $10,000 of stock
and nine quarter-sections of land.
(Signed)      JOHN TEECE.
Abernethy, Sask., Dec. 27th, 1913.
NOTE—Mr. Teece is an excellent
example of the pioneer who has succeeded in spite of adverse conditions
at the start. But nowadays the difficulties that confronted the old-timer
no  longer  exist.    The  march  of pro-
15 gress and civilization has followed the
active construction policy which the
Canadian railways have pursued consistently for a very considerable
period; and now there is practically
no territory that is not either served
or is within reach of some line. In
consequence, the same social conditions will be found as in more thickly
settled districts elsewhere. When you
buy land from the Canadian Pacific
Railway, you do not have to pioneer;
you can have a Ready-Made Farm
waiting for you, or, with the assistance of the $2,000 loan to settlers
which the Company offers, you can
have buildings erected upon your
farm, the whole farm fenced, and a
well sunk. This is the aspect which
is especially emphasized—that Western Canada .is no longer in the
frontier stage.
FOUND EVERYTHING AS
REPRESENTED.
We came to Traynor from Longdyke
Farm, Lesbury, Northumberland, England, on the 29th of April of this year,
and found that the C.P.R. Ready-
Made Farm which we had applied for
in Glasgow was as represented.
There was a full set of buildings and
well, the farm fenced, and 50 acres of
growing grain. We secured four
horses and the necessary machinery
at once, and as the land was all new
decided to go over it again with the
harrow, which helped to work it down
better and helped to hold the moisture
in the soil, and I believe it was well
paid for by increased yield.
About May 20th I commenced breaking, and have 33 acres new breaking
well worked up for next year's crop,
in addition to the fifty which were in
crop when we came, and will have 83
16 acres of crop next year. Out of the
50 acres of crop this year, we had 25
acres of wheat, which yielded about
25 bushels per acre, and 15 acres of
oats, yielding about 60 bushels per
acre, and barley yielding 30 bushels
per acre.
We have also secured 4 milk cows,
3 young cattle, and 17 hogs. We believe mixed farming is the most satisfactory, as it gives you a steady income and employment all the year.
We now sell- all the butter we make,
and at present get 40c. per lb.
We are thoroughly satisfied with our
farm, and the Traynor district, and
are pleased to say there has been no
exaggeration on the part of the C.P.R.
authorities.
(Signed)      JAMES SCOTT.
Traynor, Sask., Dec. 6, 1913.
HOW STOCK  RAISING PAYS.
Twenty-one years ago I came to
Calgary with $500 and a determination
to make for myself a home. My first
move was the selection of a piece of
land. I then bought a few head of
grade stock and made my start. After getting thoroughly settled in my
new home, I secured 160 acres of
land adjoining. As I began accumulating a little money I gradually replaced my grade stock with pure-bred
Shorthorn cattle, Clydesdale and
Hackney horses and Shropshire sheep.
Of the latter I at one time owned
1,100 head.
Finding as my stock increased that
the 320 acres I owned would in time
be too small to accommodate the business that I hoped to build up, I sold
17 it and with the proceeds of the sale
I bought on easy terms 800 acres, in
one block, from the Canadian Pacific
railway and Hudson's Bay companies.
At this time I owned 100 head of purebred Shorthorns, 40 head of pure-bred
Clydesdales and Hackneys, and a
few blooded sheep.
During the winters I usually feed
30 to 50 head of steers for the market. This, because I have plenty of
fodder and find that it will bring the
highest price in the shape of fat beef
on the hoof. The present value of
my holdings, real and personal, conservatively estimated, I believe to be
about $35,000, and my net annual income is about $3,500.
Many young men from the East,
without capital, who have come out
here to work for me, now own anywhere from a half to a full section
of land, and are wealthy men, which
fact convinces me beyond a doubt
that any young man of fair average
intelligence who comes to the country and will apply himself and that
intelligence to the management of a
farm, cannot but meet  with success.
When I settled in this district the
conditions were not nearly so favorable as those of to-day. We had no
local markets then. Consequently our
stock brought very low prices. It had
to be shipped to Winnipeg or further
Bast, and a horse that will sell at
from $250 to $300 to-day, then brought
$60.
The soil here seems inexhaustible.
I know of lands that have been
cropped continuously for twenty years
that, without artificial fertilization,
show no diminution of yield. The
fact that cattle can be fattened upon
the native grass, without a grain of
ration is in itself conclusive proof of
18 the richness of the soil which produces the grass. The results obtained from the soil under cultivation
are striking. Six years ago I bought
160 acres for $5 per acre. The first
year I owned it I plowed up 40 acres
and put in a crop that I sold in the
fall for $100 more than the 160 acres
cost me. This is, not an isolated instance, for I know many cases where
greater results were obtained where
more ground was broken the first
year.
I am sure that if farmers elsewhere
could be brought to realize that better land here than that which they
are now cultivating can be bought
in the rich Bow River Valley for less
money an acre than it is now costing
them an acre for rent at home, the
Calgary district would soon be full to
overflowing with some of the world's
best farmers.
(Signed)
BRYCE WRIGHT.
DeWinton, Alta.
CHILDREN       HAVE       DEVELOPED
WONDERFULLY   SINCE   COMING
TO  CANADA.
We came from Montana two years
ago and settled on a farm near Strathmore. I had had no previous experience in farming, but I have had no
difficulties.
I keep up my music, and find I
have more time for music and reading
than when in town. In coming in
contact with the American farmers up
here, I find them to be an industrious
and well educated class of people.
We raise chickens and find a good
market for them. We also make butter, which we dispose of to the grocer
in   Strathmore.     During  the  summer
19 I  have a flower garden and we raise
a great many vegetables.
The weather here has not been as
cold as in Montana, and it is an ideal
climate for children. We have two
children, who have developed wonderfully since coming to Canada.
We have had no difficulty in getting good help. The cost of living is
not higher than in Montana. We are
near enough to the city of Calgary to
go in once in a while and enjoy the
good things at the theatre there.
Yours very truly,
(Signed)      RETT A CRAVEN GREEN
(Mrs. E. E. Green).
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 27, 1914.
NO SICKNESS IN SUNNY
ALBERTA.
I came from the East Coast of
England about two years ago, and
located in the Namaka Colony.
While I was brought up on a farm,
I had not lived on a farm for 25
years before coming ,out here, but
have found no trouble whatever.
I sell my cream to the C.P.R.
Demonstration Farm, all the year
round. In the summer I hold back
the Saturday night's cream and Sunday morning's, and make It into
cheese and butter to last me
throughout the winter. I raise turkeys and chickens for my own use,
and have had plenty of eggs for the
market all winter. The prices have
been above the English prices all
the time we have been here.
I like the schools here, and at the
present time have three children
attending, while one daughter is
working in town. My sons have
been building a new barn for us
during the winter.
We  raise  broad  beans   and  plenty
20 of other ^vegetables. I have cabbages, parsnips, carrots, potatoes,
and beets enough to last me in my
cellar all winter.
We get our mail most every day,
and are able through papers and
magazines to keep up with current
events. I do not suffer from the
cold here, and while in England I
suffered terribly from pleurisy and
pneumonia. I have not been ill
since coming out here, and do not
have any of the dampness of the
east coast of England to contend
with.
Yours very truly,
(Signed)        LAURA M. GRAYSTON.
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 27, 1914.
MANY   PLEASANT   SOCIAL
EVENINGS.
I came from Hampton, England,
about 12 months ago, and located "in
the Namaka Colony, about three
miles from Strathmore. Eleven of
the families near us are English, so
that we feel quite at home.
I had not had any experience in
farming, until I came out here, but
have been able to get along beautifully. I have an English servant,
who helps me with my work and the
baby.
There is a good market for chickens, eggs and butter, as we are only
34 miles from the city of Calgary,
where there is a public market for
farmers, and 3 miles from Strathmore.
During the winter we have many
pleasant social evenings with our
neighbors. We often have dances
in the school-house. I belong to a
Ladies' Aid Society, which meets
once a fortnight.
The   climate   is   much   better   for
21 children out here, and I find the
summers exceedingly pleasant. I
a'so prefer the winters here to those
in England. Last winter we were
out every day. We were able during the summer to get plenty of fruit
to put up for the winter's use. I
get a great deal of pleasure out of
riding and driving about the country
for the scenery is extremely beautiful.
Yours very truly,
(Signed)      MRS. L. WATSON.
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 27, 1914.
THE  PROFITS  FROM   SMALL
FRUITS.
In the fall of 1906 we took up our
home on a farm in the Lea Park
district of the province of Alberta,
Tp. 54, R. 3, W. 4. Most of the
land at that time was settled upon,
some had erected their first log
shacks and stables, and there was
an occasional patch of land in crop.
None of us at that time recognized
the fact that right there beneath our
feet was better gold than found in
gold mines. Only seven years and
those farms yield as higih as 110
bushels of oats to the acre; 35 to 40
bushels of wheat of the kind that
wins prizes in the seed exhibitions
of the world; and barley, 60 bushels
to the acre. I can look back yet
and feel, the thrills of anticipation
that struck me the first day I went
with my husband to our farm.
There was not a sod turned, not a
house in sight in any direction.
The nearest neighbor at that time
was over two miles away, and a perfect stranger, but since proved to be
a neighbor in its best meaning.
Now we have our social gatherings, which play an important part
in our lives, particularly in the win-
22 ter. School-houses wherever there
are children, and these school-
houses are becoming real social
centres. On each week-day studies
up to the eighth grade are taught.
On Sundays church services are
held. To one who is fond of driving
and also fond of church, a choice of
from six or more services might be
made. Once a month during the
winter the farmers meet for discussions, as do also the Women's Institutes, which were organized in 1909.
After business is over the two meetings unite for lunch and social
chat. Once a month during the
winter they also unite for some appropriate entertainment. We have
held our fifth annual sports, drawing crowds from about twelve school
districts, and live farmers' unions.
We think we can do anything any
other place can. We sell Scotch collie dogs and raise rhubarb and poultry for the market, and thus earn
ready money. Small fruits, . such
as black currants and saskatoons,
grow wild and are very marketable.
Last summer two other women and
myself picked eighty pounds, which
we preserved for home use. We ship
cream and eggs to Edmonton, the
nearest city, where they sell readily.
We have a number of organs, pianos
and gramophones in our neighborhood, which add to the general
pleasure. We keep in touch with
the various movements of the world
through papers and magazines.
Taken altogether, we lead a very
happy and healthy life. I am very
fond of driving about the country,
which contains a variety of scenery
and a splendid class of people. In
my drives, which totalled over two
thousand miles last year, I met
many interesting women,  some from
23 the large cities in the United States.
I invariably found them busy, happy, and really enjoying their new
country in all its phases.
(Signed)    MRS. M. E. GRAHAM.
Kitscoty, Alta., Jan. 17, 1914.
AN   IDEAL  COUNTRY   FOR
CHILDREN.
Four years ago we came from the
West Riding in Yorkshire, England,
and located in Western Canada near
Strathmore. I had not had any experience as a farmer's wife up to
that time, but every one has been
very hospitable and very kind to me
and I had no difficulty. I find the
climate much drier, brighter, and
healthier than in England. It is a
delightful climate for children, and
is an ideal country for people with
children for that reason. We do not
have any of the rain and fogs of
England, and do have far more sunshine. All kinds of poultry are easy
to raise. I raise thorough-bred
bronze turkeys, Toulouse geese, atid
Faveroll chickens, and have found
ready sale for the eggs for setting at
30c. each for turkeys, and 50c each
for geese. Also sold my thoroughbred goslings when a day old for
$1.00 each. At Christmas I sold all
my turkeys for 25c a lb. live weight.
All the geese we raised we sold at
$4.00 each.
During the summer I have a
lovely flower garden, and have
found the flowers grow in great profusion. . Have attempted everything
but roses, and shall try those the
coming summer. The prairies are
magnificent with wild flowers all
summer, beginning with the crocus
in the early spring and ending with
the   wild   tiger   lilies.     We   have   a
24 spring on our place, with the ground
terraced down to the spring, and
covered with a profusion of wild
ferns.
All kinds of vegetables are easily
raised, and there is a ready market
in Calgary for anything we care to
send there. Our place is surrounded by trees, which four years ago
were small cuttings. Some of them
are eight and nine feet high.
Strawberries, raspberries, and currants grow well, but require a little
protection in winter. We have a
piano in our house, and are able to
get all magazines and papers we
were used to reading. Our neighbors are all well educated, prosperous, and congenial. We often give
dances in our school. We have
church service every other Sunday.
We do not lack for social life in
winter, and the time passes very
quickly.
I get a great deal of pleasure out
of riding and driving about the country, as the scenery is very beautiful.
We have a son on one of the ready-
made farms, who is doing quite well,
and we are all very well and quite
contented. At New Year's we had
seventeen people for dinner, fourteen
out of the seventeen coming from the
same city in England from which we
came.
(Signed),       MARY WADE.
(Mrs. B. L. Wade.)
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 27, 1914.
SCHOOL  SYSTEM  VERY  GOOD.
We came from near Stirling, Colorado, five years ago, and located on
a farm near Strathmore. We have
a comfortable home about two miles
from   town,   where   I   find   a   ready
25 market for my eggs, chicken and
cream. The highest I was able to get
for cream in Colorado was 28c; here I
have been able to get 50c.
We find the school system very good.
I prefer the climate in this part, the
summers being very delightful, without the severe storms of Colorado.
We have five boys and two girls.
One daughter is married, and one has
a position in a bank in Ponoka. We
have beautiful sunny winters, without rain, and are able to get all the
books and magazines and keep up with
current events.
Yours very truly,
MRS. MATHILDA JOHNSON.
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 27, 1914.
WOULD   NOT   GO   BACK   TO
ONTARIO.
I came to Western Canada with
my husband about four years ago
from Ontario, about 16 miles from
Sarnia.
We find it quite as easy to raise
poultry out here as in the east, and
get better prices for my butter. We
raise all the garden stuff we did in
the east, and find the potatoes a great
deal easier to raise and of a better
quality than back east.
We have two children, a boy and a
girl, that attend school in Strathmore,
and we find the school system very
satisfactory. I do not find life either
dull or lonely, and live a busy contented life. Most of my neighbors are
Americans and English, and we find
them very well educated and congenial.
We still have a good farm down in
Ontario, but am quite sure would not
exchange   life   here   for  down   there.
26 The climate is drier, and we do not
feel the cold as much as in Ontario.
Our children, I am sure, are stronger
and healthier out here, too.
We are able to get all the reading
matter we can keep up with, and find
the life quite to our liking.
Yours very truly,
(Signed)
MRS.  THOS.  CRAWFORD.
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 27, 1914.
EGG   MONEY   SUPPORTED
TABLE.
I came from the state of Idaho with
my husband thirteen years ago, and
we settled on a farm near Lewis-
ton, in the Claresholm district. The
majority of my neighbors are Americans, from Minnesota, Idaho and Oregon. The weather conditions taken
as a whole throughout my residence
here have been very favorable. This
year there was no evidence of ice on
my windows until the 19th of January. The country schools here I find
to be very superior to the schools in
the State which I came from. We
have plenty of social life during the
winter season, consisting of U. F. A.
meetings, dances, box socials and
suppers. I raise chickens and turkeys for the market, and last year
cleared about $300. With my eggs
alone I have been able to support
my table. I have found in associating
with the Canadian women that they
are friendly, and make good neighbors. I find the men of Canada willing
to recognize a woman's ability, as I
have   been   elected   president   of   the
27 U.F.A. for the Carnforth district, and
voted at their general convention.
(Signed)    MRS. A. N. BROWN.
Claresholm, Alta., Jan. 16, 1914.
FIND    NEIGHBORS    SOCIABLE.
We came from Chicago a year ago
and located with our husbands on a
farm about 35 miles from Calgary.
We raise chickens and find a good
market for both our eggs and chickens,
also butter.
There are parties and dances almost
every week during the winter in the
school-house near. Church services
and Sunday school are held every Sunday in the school-house, Methodist,
Presbyterian and Church of England
being the denominations  represented.
Have not found the climate uncomfortable, as it is dry cold, and we do
not get the dampness of the Chicago
winters. We ride and drive and get
lots of pleasure out of the outdor life.
Have learned to skate and also enjoy
that. We brought our piano and furniture with us from the States, and get
a great deal of pleasure out of our
music.
Our neighbors are Scotch and English and Americans, but we have found
them all very sociable, and in no way
different from our neighbors in the
States.
Have not felt the loneliness we had
expected to before coming to Western
Canada, and have not felt we should
like to return there to live. We live
a busy contented life, both summer
and winter.
(Signed)
MRS. H. PUTNAM.
MRS. W. J. PUTNAM.
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 25, 1914.
28 GOOD PRICES FOR POULTRY,
EGGS, BUTTER, AND
CREAM.
Came from Northern Minnesota five
years ago. Settled on farm near
Queenstown. Have family of eight.
Expected I was coming to wilderness.
Was mistaken. Have not regretted my
coming. Learned that woman has
good chance to earn money herself by
raising poultry. For turkey can get
36c. lb., for chicken 27c. per lb. Good
price for butter and eggs. In winter butter reaches 45c. per lb., and
in summer 25c. Eggs in summer 20c.
to 25c. per dozen; in winter 40c. to
50c./ From 1st of September to 1st of
November was able to make 250 per
cent. Social life was good. Entertainment of some kind nearly every
week. Women's Institute in our district has 45 members. Meet last
Thursday every month. Plenty of
home talent. Entertainment generally in school-houses, which are five
and six miles apart. Neighbors different nationalities and denominations. Find them equally friendly and
congenial as in home State. Do not
feel in the least I am in a foreign
country. Country climate healthy.
Can boast of practically no illness
since we came. I am a Roman Catholic and attend a mission twenty miles
away. Priest visits through country.
Other denominations, Methodist and
Presbyterian, have services in school-
houses. Services usually conducted by
students. Climate milder here. Cattle
range out all winter. Cold severe, but
dry. More healthful than in damper
regions. I burn coal. Costs $3 per
ton, and do your own hauling from
mines, 15 to 20 miles distant.   Roads
29 good most of year. Berries in great
quantities grow along coulees and
creeks and rivers. Schools efficient.
Five to 25 pupils attend in different
districts. Life on whole happy and
wholesome. Shopping done in bulk.
Small stores scatered through country
TllfLPP^
(Signed)    MRS. W. BERTRAND.
Queenstown P. O., Alta.
January 2, 1914.
THESE  TWO WOMEN   FARM
ALONE.
We came here from Yorkshire, England, in April of 1913, and located on
a Ready-Made Farm in the Namaka
colony. We owned a dairy farm in
England, but came out here to take up
mixed farming.
Our crops were sown for us in the
spring before we took the farm, and
our wheat was said to be the best
wheat in the colony.
We raise pigs, cows, turkeys and
chickens. Our cream is sold to the
Demonstration Farm. It is called for
three times a week in winter and
every day in summer. We make on
an average of $25 a month on our
cream alone.
The weather so far has not been
severe, and we have been able to look
after all the feeding and care of our
cattle and poultry ourselves. We have
a graphophone, and during the winter
months have many pleasant evenings.
We get some of the latest books from
the library at Strathmore, and also
papers and many magazines from our
home. We go in town to the theatre
occasionally. Our house is quite warm
and comfortable, and we are looking
forward to planting our spring garden  and  flowers.    We  were  able  to
30 buy very satisfactory furniture up
here, and had no difficulty in getting
it out to our farm. We have added to
our barns and poultry houses, and
they are now quite comfortable for our
stock. We have enough green feed
from the summer, also hay to feed
all our stock through the winter. Our
oats and barley we grind up into meal
for our cattle. We find the house on
this farm more desirable than the
farmhouses in England, as it is more
compact and easier to heat, and not a
lot of rooms without use of them. We
"drive into town a couple of times a
week. Have learned to skate, and
get lots of good outdoor life.
We have a sewing machine and do
all our own dressmaking.
(Signed)
(MRS.) M. HICKS.
(MISS)   CONSTANCE MANSEL.
Strathmore, Alta., Jan. 24, 1914.
tWt
If the personal experiences of
these farmers interest you in Western Canada, write for information to
the
CANADIAN PACIFIC RY.
DEPT. OF NATURAL RESOURCES
LAND BRANCH
CALGARY, ALBERTA
ALLAN CAMERON,
Gen'l Supt. of Lands.
31 DEPARTMENT    OF    NATURAL    RESOURCES OFFICES.
The Department of Natural Resources, Canadian Pacific Railway,
maintains offices at the following
points, from any of which further
particulars regarding the price, location, etc., of the company's lands in
Western Canada can be procured:—
M. E. Thornton, Colonization Agent,
Room 1015, 112 West Adams St.,
Chicago, 111.
J. F. Coggswell, District Representative, 294 Washington Street, Boston, Mass.
J. E. MacDougall, District Representative, Broadway and 30th Street,
New  York,  N.  Y.
D. G. Cahoon, District Representative, 813 Walnut Street, Kansas
City, Mo.
C. W. Droegemeyer, District Representative, Room 205, Woodmen of
World Bldg., 14th and Farnum
Sts.,   Omaha,   Neb.
H. H. Piel, District Representative,
176 East Third Street, St. Paul,
Minn.
W. A. Smith, District Representative, 934 17th St., Denver, Colo.
R. C. Bosworth, District Representative, 705 Sprague Ave., Spokane,
Wash.
L. P. Thornton, District Representative, Multnomah Hotel Bldg., 271
Pine St., Portland, Ore.
The Department of Natural Resources, C.P.R., also maintains
offices at Calgary, Alta., Edmonton, Alta.; Lethbridge, Alta.; Saskatoon, Sask.; Winnipeg, Man.;
Montreal, Que.; and London, Eng.
m—
32 C- '"
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