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Public opinion concerning the Bow River Valley Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Department of Colonization and Development 1909

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Editorial Opinions.
It is often instructive, always interesting, to "see ourselves
as others see us." It is instructive not alone to ourselves, but
also to outsiders, to view conditions in Southern Alberta
through disinterested eyes. In submitting this booklet to those
who contemplate a trip of investigation to Southern Alberta,
we feel that they will appreciate unbiased impressions by
leaders in the newspaper world all over the globe.
Western Canada, even ten years ago, was to many a
mere name, a land of mystery and Arctic conditions. Our
modest fifteen to twenty millions bushels of wheat represented
less than two per cent, of the production of North America.
Western Canada of today looms up large as a nation in the
eyes of the world. Her wheat production has now soared above
the hundred million bushel mark, and represents one-eighth of
the total  production  of North America.
Years ago it was in order for intending settlers to make
searching inquiries as to climate, soil and markets for agricultural products in Western Canada, before casting in their lots
with the country. Today, such is, perhaps, superfluous. The
enormous development in production tells its own tale. Western Canada doubled her population between the census of 1891
and that of 1901, and the population has increased vastly since.
The majority of the newcomers hailed from Great Britain and
the United States. These people's mere presence and prosperity is a guarantee that conditions of life here are preferable
to those prevailing where they came from.
Because Western Canada has attracted a large part of the
world's attention during the past few years, and because it is
their business to chronicle the world's doings, many of the
magazines and newspapers throughout the civilized globe have
sent into this country their best writers to thoroughly investigate conditions here and give to the readers of their
respective publications the story just as they found it. These
writers are not the ones to be misled or influenced by surface
conditions, or the naturally optimistic statements of interested
persons, for theirs has been a work of analysis—a probing for
the kernel of worth in every question and movement of their
day. Because this is so, it is felt that a few unvarnished extracts from the hundreds of articles that have been written of
Western Canada by discerning and disinterested writers, both of
the United States and Great Britain, will give to the public a
truer understanding of conditions here than might be gathered
from most any other source.
In publishing the subjoined extracts, in each instance, an
endeavor will be made to print only such portions of the
articles as pertain to this part of Southern Alberta.
Beautifully illustrated literature that will put you in possession of much valuable information concerning this country
will be sent you upon request.
Canadian  Pacific   Railway  Co.,
Colonization Department,
Calgary, Alberta. Canada. On Thursday evening, August 13th last, a most important
and representative party of American newspaper and magazine
editors left Chicago for a two weeks' tour through Western
Canada. The trip was made at the invitation of the " Canada
West" Magazine of Winnipeg, and was in the personal charge
of Mr. Herbert "Vanderhoof, the able editor of that periodical,
whose popularity amongst the newspaper craft and intimate
acquaintance with Western Canada, rendered it certain that
the party would see everything worth seeing within the limited time at the disposal of these busy men, and under the
most pleasant auspices.
The party reached Calgary on August 22nd, and after
spending the morning in looking over the public institutions
and wholesale and manufacturing districts of the city, they
proceeded on a tour of investigation through the Canadian
Pacific Railway Irrigation Block, east of Calgary. A strenuous
day was spent in driving around amongst the farms and interviewing the settlers. Nothing was overlooked. These men,
trained on the great metropolitan dailies and leading American
magazines, were out after reliable, first hand information, and
brought into active play the inquisitorial instinct and logical
reasoning that had raised them to the top of the tree in their
After the completion of the day's drive, each member of
the party submitted his impressions for publication in the
" Canada West " Magazine.    They are quoted below as given:
Mr. Jones Gives Advice to Farmers in the
Middle States.
" The wonder of it all is that the province of Alberta has
not 20,000,000 instead of 250,000 people," said Robert R. Jones,
managing editor of the " Chicago Inter-Ocean." " Calgary and
other territory to the east along the Bow River Valley has
millions of acres waiting to be turned into magnificent farms.
Nowhere else in the world, surely not on this continent, is to
be seen the equal of the Bow River Valley irrigation project.
" Stretching along the Canadian Pacific Railway for more
than one hundred miles are lands of the richest productive
power, placed beyond all possibility of crop failure, with water
in abundance at every farmer's door, to laugh to scorn the
fear of drought and add to the already record-breaking yields.
"Farmers of the middle west who have prayed for rain
and it came not, while their crops withered, should come to
this wonderland in the Bow River Valley, where forty-five
bushels of fine wheat, one hundred bushels of oats, and
seventy-five bushels of barley are not exceptional. To those
men who are struggling to make $125 and $150 land pay a fair
return on its valuation I would say: ' Sell your quarter-section
in Illinois, Indiana or Ohio, and come to the Bow River Valley
and buy a thousand acres, when your sons and daughters will
be assured of a competence.' "
The Opinion of William Hard, of
" Everybody."
" A new kind of reciprocity with Canada was outlined to
me today by one of the 60,000 immigrants from the United
States who came into Canada during the year 1907. This man
is a successful farmer in the Gleichen Irrigation District. His
sentiments seem largely to be those of all former citizens of
the United States who are now becoming citizens of the
Dominion  of  Canada.
" We are giving them some new ideas about being good
farmers," he said, " and they are giving us some new ideas
about being good citizens." They have a law up here against
taking whisky into the Indian reservations. One of our fellows was caught on a reservation with a bottle on him and
it cost him $50. One of the Canadian Mounted Police found
him, and let me tell you they find everybody who tries to go
up against the laws of the country.
On Saturday night every bar-room gets closed at exactly
seven o'clock. Why? Because it's the law, and it's the same
with every other law. There isn't a bad man in the whole
district, and a woman can come home from town to the farm
at midnight all by herself if she wants to. That's Canada's
idea of how to run a frontier; they have certainly taught
us  a lot.
On the other hand we are running their farms for them
better than any other class of people they've got. I guess I
can say this without boasting, and the Canadians appreciate
us. We turn out to celebrate Dominion Day, and they turn
out to help us to celebrate the 4th of July. They are glad to
have us help them farm the country. They know how to govern and we know how to work. They maintain law and order
and give us a fair show, and I'm satisfied.
" My children will stay here."
"Will  they be   Canadians?"  I  said.
" Well, he said, " they are going to Canadian schools and
studying  Canadian  history books."
Sugar Beet Possibilities Impress
Mr. Little.
Richard H. Little, of the " Chicago Record-Herald," and
President of the Press Club of Chicago, said: "The beet sugar
industry in the Canadian Pacific irrigation block has already
reached great development under irrigation. The price paid to
farmers for sugar beets in Southern Alberta averages five dollars per ton. This is a good price considering that the average price for the whole of the United States, according to the
last census, was only $4.18 per ton.
9*3 " The rich soil in the irrigation block contains just sufficient sand to be the most favorable for sugar beet growing.
Farmers in the tract told me today that they have raised sixteen and  twenty tons of sugar beets  to the acre.    With  the
'establishment of factories in the irrigation block which are
already being planned, the transportation cost being saved to
the farmer, and the beets netting him a profit of $5 to $5.50 a
ton at the station, it would seem that the sugar beet industry
■of.this tract will become one of the greatest features."
The Stock Feeding Opportunities Appeal
to Mr. Greene.
Hiram W-; Green, editorial writer of the "American Press,"
"said: "The day's journey through Southern Alberta has been
a succession uf most agreeable and convincing surprises. The
extensive irrigation system here is marvellous and the soil
and crop development much greater than can be imagined by
those who have never had an ocular demonstration.
"A striking evidence of the wide and varied possibilities
of irrigation Is the marvellous growth of sugar beets and alfalfa. In addition 'to these crops there are the wheat and
oats, which are admitted to be unequalled anywhere. Here, too,
in my opinion, is one of the finest stock feeding and finishing
countries in the world. This has developed Alberta beef and
mutton, and, as is the history of all irrigation sections, the
bulk of the products of the soil from the irrigated lands will
be used for live stock feeding. There are now in hay and
forage 3.000,000 acres, and a finer and better lot of live stock
grown and fattened and the products of this district exceeds
anything I have ever seen shown in the United States. It is
evident that the Canadian Pacific Irrigation Block is destined
to produce the feeding stuffs to finish the live stock of the
whole province of Alberta, and will thus be to Western Canada
what the corn  raising belt is to the Western States."
Mr. Flower Comments on the Educational Facilities.
Bruce Barton Believes in Winter Wheat.
Bruce Barton, associate editor of the "Home Herald" and
of "World's Events." said: "The irrigation project which the
Canadian Pacific Railway has undertaken in.Alberta is wonderful judged by any standard. It seems to me. however, that
it can only be estimated very crudely in dollars and acres.
Its value deserves rather to be stated in terms of human
pnsperity and happiness. The magnificent thing about the
undertaking is that it is making it possible for thousands of
people, many of them coming out of the most moderate circumstances, to live and grow rich on land where it was
formerly thought possible to raise only cattle.
"I was tremendously struck with the advantages of winter
wheat over spring wheat culture. The winter wheat farmer
seeds at his leisure and harvests long before any danger of
frost is imminent. He can handle large areas of this crop with
the least amount of labor, and his returns per acre are greater
than for spring wheat. Winter wheat is Southern Alberta's
standard crop, and indicates its mild climate."
Mr. Richards on Alfalfa and Calgary's
George D. Richards, of the "World Today," said: "Calgary's extensive manufacturing plants and busy wholesale
houses and natural resources of the tributary territory would
seem to assure to that city first rank as a big commercial
"I am surprised to find alfalfa, which I have always understood to be a criterion for the desirability of irrigated lands,
growing a third crop in the irrigated sections of the Canadian
Pacific irrigation project. That Colorado has 85 per cent, of
its irrigated lands producing alfalfa is a good indication of
its value. When it becomes known that this king of forage
plants can be successfully raised in this part of Canada, there
is certain to be a great impetus given to the live stock
Alberta Red.
Elliott Flower, the magazine writer, said: "Two things
impressed me particularly today—the character and the number
of school buildings and the tremendous significance of the irrigation project extending from Calgary to Medicine Hat.
Of the latter I cannot speak at length now, but the crops grown
are certainly a revelation to the man who comes into this
country for the first time. In the matter of the schools, they
seem to be given practically first place in the plans of even
the smallest towns, as they should be, and nothing can be of
greater Importance to the future of the country,"
The Yankee Province of the North-west and Its Wonders.
By Agnes Deans  Cameron. " Saturday Evening
Post,"   (Philadelphia)
 But little was known or heard of the country
at the base of the Rocky Mountains, now designated Alberta,
until the advent of the Canadian Pacific Railway, in 1883.
.    .    .    .    .    Calgary was a successful cow-town and content, but the day she discovered she could grow Winter Wheat
—7— was the day of her destiny. Her road to prosperity trends East
and West, and it has a double sign board—Ranching and
Winter  Wheat.
" The Sirloin of Canada" and " The Bread Basket of the
Orient," Calgary sends bunch-grass beef to Britain, and flour
through the Rockies and the Pacific to that far West which in
ultimate Japan merges to East again.
The centre of population is steadily moving Westward.
Wheat is a great magician    .    .    .
Canada finds herself on the crest of a just-forming great
wave of progress.    .    .    .
The Last West is the theatre where the ultimate destiny
of Greater Canada  is to be wrought  out	
It is not at all unusual for the farmer in Western Canada
to pay for the land with the first crop and put buildings
all over it with the second. Never in the world's history have
the cultivators of virgin soil attained such a success at the
Listen to what Professor Tanner, the great English Agriculturist and Chemist, has to say of this soil: "Although we
have hitherto considered the black earth of Central Russia the
richest soil in the world, that land has now to yield its distinguished position to the rich, deep, black soil of Western
Canada. The earth here is a rich vegetable humus from one
to four feet in depth, with a surface deposit, rich in nitrogen,
phosphoric  acid  and  potash."
" Do you know I have a fancy that the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company is going to plant here the biggest garden
in the world. I can smell the flowers now," was the spirited
challenge of Sir William Van Home, when projecting the big
irrigation scheme.    His threat has materialized.
The grain field  of Canada  is the  largest  in the world.
of honestly gained wealth to the tiumblest worker with, the
spark of ambition in his breast^that'it "would be almost-a
crime not to spread the knowledge of it broadcast throughout the land. ■''}■.' , it
Into this rich " promised land," westward through the
Winnipeg gateway from Eastern Canada arid Europe, and
northward over the border lines from the States, are already
pouring thousands upon thousands of sturdy, bright-faced, well
clad Americans, Canadians and Englishmen, with other
thousands of the Continental immigrants who have been wont,
hitherto, to regard the United States as their final home.    .    .
All of a sudden—in barely three years past—has this great
surge of settlement come, invited and promoted by as perfect,
as far reaching, and as wonderful an international organization
of education as was ever created by government and railroads
in co-opertion. Almost like our own well-remembered and
hardly more picturesque race for the newly opened lands of
Oklahoma has come, of late, this rush for the rich Canadian
prairie lands, which are believed to exceed in fertility the vast
wheat-growing fields  of the United   States.
The question, " Does wheat fan. 'ag pay in Western Can-
daa?" must be answered distinctly in uie affirmative. So far as
is known the Canadian lands exceed in wheat-producing fertility the American wheat lands, and Canada is certain to
be one of the greatest grain-producing countries of the
world.    ....
The staff correspondent of the great Pittsburg daily tells
an interesting telegraphic story. Since this article appeared,
Southern Alberta harvested a mammoth crop of winter wheat
and has another under way.
Mr. Edward E. Higgins, President of the " Success " Magazine Company, of New York, a company that has in the
publication of the magazine " Success" done more than any
other publication to encourage the American youth in his
struggle for advancement, personally visited Western Canada,
and was so forcibly impressed with the great opportunities he
found that he said: "It would be almost a crime not to
spread  the  knowledge  of  it  broadcast  throughout  the  land."
Below will be found his comments.
The Wheat Lands of Western Canada.
(By  Edward   E.  Higgins,   " Success"   Magazine,
New Tork)
This is a business story.
It is the story of an opportunity, the last tf its kind on
the American continent, if not in the world—an opportunity
so  exceptional,   so  remarkable,   so  fraught  with  the   promise
Alberta is Adapted to Winter Wheat.
(" Pittsburg Times," July 15, 1907)
Calgary, Canada, July 14—
 Although the purpose of this article is  to  tell
the  story  of  cattle-raising  in   Southern  Alberta,   it  would   be
incomplete without some reference to its agricultural interests.
It is a winter wheat country, with strong claims to diversified farming. Close to the city the Canadian Pacific Railroad,
aiming to secure a. freight traffic which shall not come all at
once and with a rush, has one of the greatest irrigation projects on the continent. It is spending about $5,000,000 in building a great ditch which, taking water from the Bow River, will
irrigate possibly 1,500,000 acres of land, of which 100,000 acres,
are practically ready for occupation.   .
Another project is already so far developed as to seem a
success, and that is the raising of winter wheat. The Canadian Pacific and several land companies brought thousands of
bushels of Turkey Red and other winter varieties from Kansas
- and sold it to the farmers at cost. It has turned out very
well, the average crop throughout Southern Alberta last year
being over 18 bushels to the acre, while in the Calgary district
proper it averaged nearly 29 bushels. It is estimated that there
are 25,000 acres in winter wheat in Southern Alberta today,
and the more sanguine are predicting 35 bushels to the acre.
 Winter   wheat,   having  the  benefit   of  the  fall
start, can be harvested nearly a month sooner than the spring-
sown crop, and  escapes  the danger of late droughts.
Canada:   Schemes for Close Settlement.
(" Scottish  Farmer,"  Glasgow,   Scotland)
■ . . . A new feature of great interest in connection
with close settlement in Western Canada are certain important
undertakings in the West for turning to account by irrigation
for close settlement, land which hitherto, owing to low rainfall, has been only suitable for ranching purposes. East of
Calgary the Canadian Pacific Railway is bringing under irrigation 3,000,000 acres, which, with the adjacent 5,000,000 acres of
grazing land, will provide homes for at least 250,000 people.
There are 17 miles of main canals, carrying 10 feet of water
and 60 feet wide; 150 miles of secondary canals, carrying 4 feet
and 20 feet wide; and 800 miles of distributing ditches. Prices
of lands are: Non-irrigable, 12 to 15 dollars; irrigable, 18 to
25 dollars, including water rights. On these lands in Alberta
heavy crops of every class can be raised safely, and two, if
not three, crops of alfalfa each year. The possibilities, therefore, of stock raising are thereby increased rather than
diminished.    .    .    .
The " Twentieth Century Farmer " is one of the brightest
of the latter day agricultural papers in the United States, and
is rapidly gaining influence and circulation.
the summers are not uncomfortably hot, and the climate may
be called ideal. The greater portion of the soil of Southern
Alberta is a rich, black loam, underlaid with clay subsoil, and
very productive. Immense crops of alfalfa and red winter
wheat of incomparable quality that bring the highest obtainable market prices are produced—a wheat eagerly sought by
millers. Large crops are also produced of oats, barley, rye,
flax and of fodder crops, timothy and bromus. All standard
vegetables are produced, including large crops of sugar beets,
which are an unusually good crop, both in purity and sugar
producing quality. Small fruits do well, and hardier varieties
of apples will soon be produced. The prairies of Southern Alberta are densely covered with a thick mass of buffalo grass,
on which thousands of cattle are annually fattened. The quality of the cured grass is superior, and many cattle fattened on
it are sold for export trade, bringing the highest European
market prices. Southern Alberta is free from sagebrush and
cactus, and it is a territory in which live stock thrive. Not
only cattle, but the breeding of horses and swine is assuming
great importance. This wonderful territory is one which farmers from the middle Western States will And to their liking and
profit, because conditions are wonderfully similiar to those to
which they have been accustomed. No trouble is found in
securing good water in Southern Alberta, and this highly
recommends the territory. Another important question in a
prairie country is that of fuel, and Southern Alberta is underlaid with enormous quantities of coal—enough to supply millions of people for generations, in fact. The great coal mines
furnish employment to men coming to Alberta with little or no
ready cash, and creates a great home demand for agricultural
products because of the amount of labor employed. With prospective work in view, many settlers assume farm obligations
which they could not under less favorable conditions.    .    .    .
Going to Canada.
Mr. Ernest Cawcroft, a writer recognized in America and
England as one who has a thorough knowledge of matters
commercial, after making a trip through Western Canada
wrote his impressions for the Williamsport, Penn., " Grit." Mr.
Cawcroft is regarded as one of the most versatile of American
newspaper men.    He is a close observer and a sound reasoner.
A Great Enterprise.
(Ernest Cawcroft, " Grit," Williamsport)
("Twentieth   Century  Farmer,"   Omaha,   Neb.)
Farmers from all parts of the United States continue to go
northward to Canada, many going to Southern Alberta, perhaps the sunniest and most delightful province in the Dominion. Southern Alberta has become known as the " New
Iowa" and the "California of Canada."   Its winters are mild;
They are casting things in a large mould out in Western
Canada. That circle which seems to bound every prairie covers
a large area of mother earth, and the men of a newer clime
are inspired by the width of their horizon to make their concrete plans upon the same extensive basis. They are looking
into the future with a confidence born of 25 wheat bushels
to an acre, in Southern Alberta.    And,  then,  they share the
i optimism of spirit which prompts railroad magnates to build
their highways of steel through the wilderness; indeed, in this
modern day they are content to extend their line from somewhere in the east to a harbor of the west, knowing that the
land thirst of the race will stimulate a westward migration
destined to create settlements and towns in the intermediate
Down in New Mexico, there in the valley of the Rio
Grande, able engineers, backed by the millions of the United
States Government, are creating an irrigation system designed
to provide water for 250,000 acres. That system is the subject
of extended governmental reports, many magazine articles, and
a host of special pictures. What shall we say, then, of this
Calgary project, which involves twelve times as large an area
of agricultural land and which is in the very heart of the
granary of the British  Empire?
These 3,000,000 acres, with a regulated rainfall, so to speak,
comprise a state as large as Connecticut, and a strip of territory as extensive as many of the well-known islands of the
West Indies	
Under ordinary circumstances the completion of the several
secondary canals would end the enterprise in so far as a
government or holding corporation, was concerned. But in this
instance it has been the ambition of the backers of the enterprise to take the irrigating water to the door of every farmer,
and in that they have succeeded	
risky and speculative investment lor the wheat farmer. But
careful experimentation showed that there was one way in
which fifty acres of this land could be made to yield a more
profitable return than 150 acres in the regular wheat belt, and
that with absolutely no risks for the cultivator in the matter
of climatic variations. It has now been proved that even in
wet countries artificial irrigation produces better results than
can be obtained without it. It is the safest kind of crop insurance; it removes from the farmer the gambling element
of risk and uncertainty from which he can never be quite free
in any climate while depending upon the vagaries of the
weather for the development of his crops. Also it makes intensive farming possible, and brings about that close settlement
for a railway company and for a country, because it is the
best for the farmer, the most pleasant, the most profitable, and
the most permanent	
Indeed, some hundreds of settlers are already at work upon
their holdings, most of them being shrewd, hard-headed
farmers from the United States, who, having spied out the
wealth of the new garden of Alberta, and reckoned up its
wonderful potentialities on the basis of their own profitable
experiences under the less favorable conditions in the States,
have sold out their holdings tL.-re at good prices, and bought
into Canada's rich land at the highly advantageous rates now
offered by the C.P.R	
Mr. Dawson is a noted author and journalist, and made
a personal inspection  of Western Canada.
The  " East  Oregonian"  is  one of the  progressive papers
of  the West.
Canadian Impressions.
(J. A. Dawson, " Evening Standard," London, Eng.)
 As an illustration of the special kind of progress in Alberta, of which Calgary is a notable centre, I can
offer nothing more striking than the Canadian Pacific Railway
Co.'s great irrigation scheme, which is admittedly the greatest
irrigation project ever undertaken in the New World. As is
generally known, the great work of development accomplished
in Canada by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company has been
recognized and assisted by the Canadian Government by means
of huge land grants  to the corporation.
From a variety of causes it fell out that the land granted
to the company in the extreme west of Canada's great prairie
belt took the form of three million acres in extent, of land then
regarded as ranching country, its rainfall being well under 20
1 inches per annum. This block lies along the main C.P.R. line
for 150 miles east of Calgary. While it remained nothing
more than ranching land it could only profit a few individuals,
and it could never provide the C.P.R. with any considerable
Broadly speaking, it might be said of this land that, in
the absence Of artificial water supply,  it would always be a
Hardy Alberta Red.
(" East Oregonian," Pendleton, Oregon)
As the Polled Angus cattle have been acclimated through
centuries of life in the northern climate, so has the famous
" Alberta Red" winter wheat been acclimated and made impervious to the cold of the northern climate. For the past
half a century farmers in the far north, up in northern Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, have been growing this
hardy wheat, enjoying yields all the way from 35 to 60 bushels
per acre under the most unfavorable circumstances.
For this reason this hardy wheat of the far north Is
converting hundreds of square miles of Alberta into rich and
productive fields. It has been trained to grow in the north.
Repeated tests and repeated sowing in the cold climates have
made it invulnerable to the rigors of even northern Saskatchewan, while in Alberta it yields and flourishes in enormous
quantities in all kinds of seasons.
This year the famous Alberta Red winter wheat is paying
for the seeding, harvesting and fencing of land and beside
paying for the land. Yields of from 35 to 60 bushels are common on the new land recently thrown open by the Canadian
Pacific in Central  Southern Alberta.
—13— It costs but $7.50 per acre to break, seed and fence the
new land and $4.50 to cut and thresh it, while the land is yielding from .35 to 60 bushels of wheat at 80 cents. The total
cost of seeding and harvesting the land is but $12 per acre,
while the crop is worth all the way from $26 to $40 per acre.
Since the first cost of the land is but $12, $15 and $18 per
acre, according to its location, it is seen that thousands of
poor settlers owe their homes to the hardihood and staying
qualities of the Alberta Red.
AH the way through Alberta province as far as the eye can
see this year are wheat fields, the shocks thick on the ground
and the elevators full. Sod land yielded exceptionally well this
year and prices of land have advanced all the way from $5 to
$8 per acre in the past year and it is thought they will advance.
still more in the next year on account of the enormous crop
and the heavy immigration into the country this year.
The " Bridgewater Mercury " is one of the most influential
of  the  provincial  papers of England.
Canadian Government Agent Believes in
Irrigated Lands.
("Bridgewater Mercury," October 21,  1908)
Mr. H. M. Murray, Canadian Government agent at Exeter,
has just returned after a three months' journey through Canada, where he has travelled 14,500 miles, 8,000 by rail,
6.000 by sea, and no less than 500 by horse and trap through
thousands of acres of growing corn. He tells us as follows:
"I was: enabled to. see. the. harvest of golden grain in all its
wealth. Farmers were cutting and in some cases threshing
when I was on my homeward journey, and were very proud of
the great harvest. It is a wonderful and imposing sight to
stand in the centre of one of those grain areas and gaze upon
the many thousand acres of wheat, oats, and barley, all harvested and lying in the stook, and waiting the coming of the
thresher with his outfit, after which the farmer will take his
grain to the elevator and get his reward in the shape of a
goodly cheque. The wheat crop of the West alone will come
to 120,000,000 bushels, and just think what this means. In
pounds, shillings and pence it means £18,000,000 sterling, add
to this the result of other cereals, and also the result from
Ontario, and the Maritime Provinces, and the fruit crop, and
the mineral output, then can you wonder why Canadians feel
pride in their great heritage and in the future of Canada?
" I would like to say a word to the intending emigrant,
who is looking to Canada to provide employment and a home
for himself and maybe his wife and family. He must go out
with an entirely open mind, be prepared to adapt himself to
the ways and manners of the country, and take up the first
position offered. This gives him a chance to look round, if he is
not quite satisfied, and, above all, let him immediately begin to
observe how the Canadian works, keep his ears and eyes
open, and his mouth firmly closed. He must not go out with
the idea of teaching the Canadian his business, or tell him
how things are done in old England. They have built up a
country that not so very long ago was vast desolate prairie and
forest, until now it is a vast series of hives of industry and
" Canada wants men and women from this country; she
wants the best. She offers them "good homes, especially to the
agriculturist and the domestic servant. She offers plenty of
work, good wages, and to the farmer 160 acres of virgin prairie
land, where in a very short time a man can provide for himself and family a competency."
The Canadian Pacific Railway reports that 10,300,000 bushels have been marketed down to September 26th, as compared
with  1,000,000  bushels  last year.    This  spells progress.
There is one enterprise in Northwest Canada which ought
to be much better known here, and that is the Canadian
Pacific Irrigation Co., a branch of the great C.P.R. This company has taken in hand 3,000,000 acres of land and is irrigating
it with canals, so that there is a never-failing and constant
stream of water pouring by these canals, through the land.
Needless to say, the fertility of the land is increased enormously, and this land is sold to settlers, ready for the plow,
at prices less than £5 per acre. Fancy buying lands, fertile,
and without drawbacks, at £5 per acre; moreover, the settler
has ten years to pay for this land, by instalments!. Less than
the rent often here, and the taxes so small that they are not
worth reckoning. This year the company will have no less'
than 700 miles of the irrigating canals running through these
lands, which are situated in Southern Alberta, the spot known
as Sunny Alberta.
Many small farmers in Bridgwater district are already writing enquiring about these lands, the local agents being Messrs.
Hickman  and  Son,  Eastover.
With a capital of £200 a farmer who means business could*
take up 160 acres of this irrigated land, paying for it by instalments, and his first crop would pay for the land. A small
homestead could be put up cheaply, and surrounded with neighbors of his own nationality, and with fertile land of his own,
ready markets at hand for all the produce the settler grew,
good schools for his children, good pure water supply, the absence of the frequent visits of the rate collector as here, and
a grand climate (finest open climate in the world), it would not
take a settler from Bridgwater long to make money, which
cannot be done here.
Early in March a conducted party of settlers from England are going out to Calgary, Alberta, Canada, to see for themselves the land irrigated, and judge for themselves. Each
man will be driven over the land free, and every possible matter explained, so that it will pay to see this chance of being your
own landlord.
Already several local farmers with small capital have
agreed to join the party, and several more are making inquiry
—15— " Farm  Stock and Home"  talks  to half a million  people
twice a month and generally knows  what it talks about.
" Farm Stock and Home," Minneapolis.
The greatest irrigation project on the American continent
is that under construction by the Canadian Pacific Railway
Co., in the Province of Alberta, Canada, between the cities of
Calgary and Medicine Hat. The tract to be irrigated is about
150 miles long by forty wide, and comprises over 3,000,000 acres,
presenting the valuable combination of irrigable and non-
irrigable areas for grazing and crops—for ordinary and intensive farming. The project has been laid out into three main
divisions, of eastern, central and western sections, of about
1,000,000 acres each, the western section being completed.
Largest Irrigation^ Project in America.
The " Kansas City Journal," with its hundred thousand
subscribers, is a power in the land, and ariy statement contained in  its columns will be entitled to  consideration.
Rich Canada Land.
(" Kansas City, Mo., Journal.")
The famous Bow Valley in Southern Alberta, Canada, owing to its luxuriant growth of wild grasses, was, up to the
time of their extermination, the favorite pasture of the buffalo,
as it was also the favorite hunting ground of the Northwest
plains Indians. Its long hours of summer sunshine and mild
and practically snowless winters formed a combination which
made an ideal range country where the buffa-lo, antelope and
deer fed throughout th     entire year. <
Since the construct n of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
which traverses this valley for hundreds of miles, it has
passed from the most famous ranching district in Western
Canada to the richest and most prosperous agricultural section- In what is known as the Calgary district, the crops
raised average per acre a greater yield than those in any
district on the American continent, except in one or two districts in the United States where irrigation is practised. The
reason for this is that the soil, a black, sandy loam underlaid with a good clay sub-soil, is rich in the accumulated
humus of centuries.
To this rich soil, the Canadian Pacific Railway has now,
through irrigation, brought an inexhaustible supply of water,
and it is selling the land either irrigable or non-irrigable at
less cost than land anywhere near its equal acre for acre, is
selling on the American continent, for the reason that the
company wishes to sell and colonize this district purely as a
traffic producing venture.    ...
C'Duluth, Minn., News-Tribune.")
... . Usually the promoters of any large irrigation,,
project look for their profits from the sale of lands brought
under water. Not so, however, in this undertaking of the
Canadian Pacific Railway. Following out a. far-sighted policy
which led them to build thousands of miles of road, through
a practically uninhabited country, they.are now bending every
energy to bring about the settlement of it. Bare land, Is. of little
value to them, and they are, disposing of it cheaply to induce
immigration. For immigration, and the settlement of a tract,
of land 150 by 40 miles means to them a continuous volume
of traffic, and traffic is the life-blood of a railroad.    ...
. . . . The farms which are rapidly being established
along the completed canals will be among the richest in Can-,:
ada. The soil is fertile, consisting of a black loam with a
clay sub-soil in the western portion, and a lighter sandy loam
in the eastern part. It makes possible the cultivation of "Alberta Red," one of the finest winter wheats on the market
today. Spring wheat, alfalfa, the greatest fodder crop known;
sugar beets, with an, that average a greater
percentage of saccharine matter than any beets grown to- the
south; oats that run 40 pounds to the bushel, and fromreighty
to one hundred and fifteen bushels to the acre; rye. barley
which is superior to that grown in the famous Gallatin Valley
of Montana, and all varieties of root crops. The abundant and
nutritive native grasses also make possible the breeding, raising,
and feeding of the best of all kinds of stock. The feeding ef-,
feet of the cured prairie grasses puts a finish on,, beef and
mutton almost equal to grain. '    . ,
The " Herald " is Canada's greatest family weekly, and its
reading circle is estimated at clos'j upon one million. The
editorial staff is intimately in touch with western affairs, and
is unusually well informed. ...
" Family Herald and Weekly Star."
(Montreal,   Canada)
. . . . Sunny Alberta, the land of winter wheat, cattle
ranches, and coal mines, bears a royal name; and the great
province is worthy of the honor. In 18S2, when tljis land of
sunshine was still a part of the Northwest Territories, it was.
visited by the Marquis of Lome, then Governor-General of
Canada, and his royal consort, Princess Louise Alberta,
daughter of our late Queen Victoria. In honor of the royal
visitor the country was called Alberta. . . . Alberta has
proved to be a land of surprises, every one of which has been
in favor of the province as a land for settlers and a field for the
investment of capital.    The province first attracted attention as
—17— a possible ranching country, but by malty it was feared that
the climatic conditions would not prove favorable to the wintering of cattle on the open ranges. Ranching, however, has
flourished beyond all expectations, and the province is producing beef for the markets of the Pacific, for Eastern Canada
and Great Britain. It was once thought that the climate of
Alberta was too dry for wheat growing, but special treatment of the soil, irrigation in* parts, and the introduction of
winter wheat, have forever put at rest those groundless fears.
As far back as 1883 winter wheat was successfully grown in
the Pincher Creek district, but it is only in recent years that
its production has become general in most of the older sections of the province. This wheat yields aboundantly, and as
a crop it is as certain as any wheat in other parts of the
West, It has already made a name for itself—" Alberta Red "—
and it has won a recognized place in the grain markets at
home and abroad. This gives an entirely new and exceedingly
promising aspect to the agricultural possibilities ofAlberta.
Her wheat fields are the nearest of any in Canada to the
Pacific Coast. There alone is a large and steadily expanding market for breadstuffs, and across the ocean lies Japan,
with which a trade in flour has already sprung up that is
bound to grow as intercourse with the Orient increases. The
Alberta farmer will, therefore, have the advantage of a short
rail haul to a shipping port for his surplus products.    .    .    .
Settlers are steadily pouring into the province, but there
are land and opportunities for all, and a bright future for
everyone who is industrious and persevering. Here, it is estimated, is room for "fifty million people without crowding";
here is one of the most favored portions of the " Last West,"
and those now securing a stake in this country are launching
their careers upon one of the broadest and deepest streams
of modern progress and prosperity	
The most widely circulated paper in the " Block" is the
" Gleichen Call-" Their word must of necessity be worthy of
Gleichen Grain Record Briefly.
(" Gleichen Call.")
It is more than twenty years since grain was first raised in
the Gleichen District, and from that day to this a complete crop
failure has never occurred.
In the year 1906 without irrigation the Gleichen District
had the highest average yield of wheat and oats in Alberta.
In 1907, which was a very poor year throughout the entire
west, Mr. John McBwan of Gleichen had about the only No. 1
oats in Alberta, and the same man grew barley that went 97
bushels to the acre, while numerous farmers south of this
town at Queenstown had No.  1  flax, all without irrigation.
In 1908 Messrs. John Buckley and J. R. Allgood up to date
have shipped from Gleichen the best spring wheat to reach
Winnipeg—the market centre of the great west so far as grain
is concerned. This wheat was graded a little better than No.
1 and the owners got the highest price this year in Winnipeg—$1.03 per bushel.
The foregoing facts are well worth remembering and every
man interested in this district might paste them in his hat
for ready use.
It is fit that the last press opinion quoted should be " from
home." The substance of the editorial, however, is the good
luck story of an Idaho farmer, which will interest those in
search of new homes.
An Idaho Farmer's Experience.
("Calgary Herald,"  Calgary, Alta.)
An Idaho farmer gives in the last issue of the " Gleichen
Call" some interesting facts and impressions concerning the
irrigated lands near Calgary as compared with those of his
state- He says he has farmed in Idaho since 1890, and in that
time he and his sons have accumulated $25,000 in value from
their land. He finds from investigation of conditions here
that with the same industry and the same length of time as he
had spent in Idaho he would have been worth $150,000 by now.
The visitor states that irrigation conditions in Southern
Alberta are much more favorable than in the country to the
south, a much smaller amount of water being necessary and
the soil here being greatly superior. As he pats it, a crop
that is regarded as a failure here would be considered an
excellent crop in Idaho. He has shown his faith in Alberta by
purchasing land, and announces his intention of soon returning
here to make his home.
Such an expression of opinion is valuable. The farmers
who have turned the sage-brush territory of Idaho into a fertile farming country have a right to speak on irrigation projects elsewhere. The universal verdict of those who have inspected the lands of the Calgary district is that here exists
an ideal opportunity for building up a prosperous and densely
populated  mixed farming community.
-19— Part II.
Letters from the Settler.
The old proverb, " The proof of the pudding is in the eating," is as true today as it was centuries ago. The final proof
of the virtues or otherwise of a colonization enterprise is undoubtedly the voluntary testimony of a man who has acquired
land for home-making purposes. Because " an ounce of experience is worth a pound of theory." Who is more competent to
advise the homeseeker than one who was himself seeking a
home and who, after careful personal investigation, finally made
his choice? Whose advice should carry more weight than that
of the person who has demonstrated his faith in the country by
casting in his fortunes with it and investing his capital?
This company has at hand facts from which might be
written a book so large that the average person would have
neither the time nor the inclination to read it. And with all
that this book might tell there would be nothing nearly so
convincing, nor that would carry nearly so much weight as
would a few short letters by people from various parts of the
world, south, east and west, who have actually been upon the
ground, and for themselves, at first hand, acquired a knowledge
of conditions here that it would be Impossible to gather in
any other manner. After all, it is really the man who has put
a country to the test and proved its worth who is best qualified
to speak for it.
In reading these letters you will find it well worth while
to devote considerable time to them.
Don't try to read them all at one time, for if you do, you
will be sure to miss many important points.
Try two or three at a time and thoroughly digest their
contents before reading another.
. In this way you will get at the experience of each writer
and acquire for yourself a valuable knowledge of this country—
a knowledge that if acted upon cannot but make you money.
In fact, every single letter in this little booklet is worth
more than the time it will take you to read it, and you will be
surprised to learn that there are none of them but predict
large increases in land values within the next few years.
Can you afford not to heed the call from this new country
that is offering to you the opportunity of the age?
Beautifully illustrated literature that will put you in possession of much valuable information concerning this country
will be sent you upon request.
Canadian    Pacific   Railway   Colonization    Dept.,
Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Gleichen, September 16, 1908.
C. P. I. C. Co., Calgary:
Sirs—This is to certify that I grew about 50 acres of oats
on breaking, on Sec. 4-23-22. The variety was Banner Oats.
They ran over eighty bushels per acre. I think that a good
showing on new land. I also consider the future of this
country very bright.
P.S.—I came  from  New  Brunswick 2%  years ago.
Langdon, Alberta,  Nov.  20,  1908.
C.P.R.   Col.   Dept.,  Calgary:
Dear Sirs—Business is all right, but when it is coupled
with poor health, it is by no means attractive. On account
of poor health, I was compelled to make some change, and my
attention was directed to Alberta, and two years ago I came
up and purchased the S.W.% of Sec. 18-24-27, north-west of
Langdon. In order to settle up my business at Shenandoah,
Iowa, where I lived, I had to go back, and only came with
my family in March last. I began operations at once, and
put in 90 acres of oats and 10 acres of barley, built two granaries and also added to my house.
To say I like the country simply means my health is so
much  improved that  I cannot help  but  like  it.    During th*>
Langdon,   November   20,   1908.
The Can. Pac. I. & C. Co., Calgary:
Gentlemen—I came here from Oxford, Ind., 2% years ago,
and we have had reasonable prosperity. And why not? The
climate is good and the soil can't be beaten In any country.
I purchased the W%-20-23-27, which at the time had some
very poor improvements on it, as it had been an old homestead and pre-emption. I went at my work in true American
style, and had ample faith in the country, and found my
faith  has  since  been fully justified.
This year I farmed 925 acres in the following crops:
Oats, 840 acres, yield 38,000 bushels, 100 acres of which gave
me an average of 92 bushels per acre. This was on June and
July breaking, the first crop, and let me say I strongly protest against breaking after August 1, or better still July 15.
Fall wheat, 70 acres, yielded 32 bushels per acre; and 25 acres
of spring wheat turned me 800 bushels, or 40 bushels per acre.
I had only 12 acres of barley. I expect to put on a steam outfit next year. It will pay if one has 1,000 acres or more to
All new countries have their drawbacks, but this country
seems to have very few  that cannot be readily overcome.
I am fully satisfied, as is also my family and anyone who
wants to investigate will be welcome to call on me at any
time, and I will simply show him what can be done.
(Signed)  FRANK M. LEWIS. past  eight months  I  have gained  18  pounds  in  weight.    The
two children  have  the best  of health.
My crop turned out well. 90 acres of oats turned me
6,000 bushels, which was nearly 70 bushels per acre, and my
10 acres of barley 44 bushels per acre. I keep four horses,
two  cows  and  seven  hogs.
My advice to settlers is to put up with moderate improvements in the way of a house and let the crops pay for
all  permanent  improvements.
I shall be glad to give any information regarding the
country  to  those  who are  interested  in  such  information.
(Signed) H. L. GRIFFIS.
ing on the crops to build my house, and my wife fully seconds
me in this opinion.
The climate has proved to be most healthful to my family
as well as myself.
Unless one expects unreasonable results from one's efforts, I consider this a goO;d place for a good farmer to
I can be found almost any time at my farm, and anyone
in search of information will be given facts without any
exaggeration as I have no lands for sale, and am only interested  in  getting  good  substantial  people  to  settle  amongst  us.
Britt, Iowa,  December 20,  1907.
To Whom  it May  Concern:
I hereby certify that I have carefully looked over the
Canadian Pacific Irrigation Colonization Company's lands, and
I unhesitatingly say that, in my opinion, they are offering the
best and cheapest proposition on the market today that I know
of, all things considered. I could not better express my faith
in the future of the country than by stating that I purchased
160 acres on which i intend to move in the spring to break it
up  and farm  it.    Tours  truly,
(Signed)   LOUIS   WEBER.
Langdon, November 20, 1908.
The  C.  P.  I.  C  Co.,  Calgary:
Sirs—Sometimes the best answer one can give when asked
about a country is to show what you are doing yourself. I
came here from Chicago three years this October, and purchased Sec. 7, Sec. 13 and N.% of 18-24-27, making in all
about 1,600 acres. It is no small task to fence and improve
so large a tract, but I have kept at it until I have now 880
acres broken and this summer put in 110 acres of winter wheat.
My crop this year consisted of 100 acres winter wheat,
yielding 34 V& bushels per acre, and weighing 62 pounds per
bushel; oats, 525 acres, yielding 43 bushels per acre, weighing 42 pounds per bushel; barley, 20 acres, yielding 20 bushels
per acre.    I deliver my  grain at  the Langdon elevator.
One must understand it takes hustling in a new country
to get help, and everything necessary to handle so large a
tract, but as the country settles it will be much easier. I have
three harvesters, and do not use any steam or gasoline power
in my operations except for threshing. I secured excellent
water at  18  feet  and  plenty  of it.
There is nothing short of a calamity can hold this country
back, and no good reason exists to prevent the land paying a
good net interest on $75 to $100 per acre—which is certainly
a  very   safe   investment.
The house is not all we could desire, but I am a strong
advocate of the policy of paying for my land first and depend-
Morley,   Illinois,   March   13th,   1908.
C- P. I.  Colonization Co., Calgary Canada:
Gentlemen—Replying to your letter of recent date asking
me to give you my opinion of the C. P. I. Colonization Block
of land for settlement, near Calgary, Alberta, will say: First
of all, I am a practical farmer, having lived on a farm about
twenty-four years, and have lived among and watched the
farmers ever since I went into the merchandise business;
therefore I consider my judgment reasonably good. After
having travelled through fifteen or more of our Northwestern,
Western and Southwestern States, I concluded before I purchased land to make a trip into Southern Alberta, which I
did, having gone via Portal through Saskatchewan into Alberta as far north as Carstairs., In this C.P.R. block I put
in about six weeks' time, thoroughly investigating the land,
markets, climate, etc. Just think of, flowing vvi.lls of fine
water at fifty feet deep. I was so well pleased with the situation that I purchased 320 acres one mile north of the Bow
River and nine miles south of Langdon on the C.P.R., and
about 22 miles on a direct line from Calgary, for $15.00 per
acre. My reasons for buying in Alberta are as follows: I
wanted land that would not only raise spring wheat but
would raise just as good winter wheat, barley, rye, oats, flax,
potatoes, alfalfa and tame hay, and vegetables that would surprise you. And in addition to this I consider it one uf the
finest stock countries I have ever seen. My land, like the
greater part of the C.P.R. block, is as fine as " lays outdoors." A deep, black, loamy soil with clay subsoil, slightly
rolling, covered with a thick coat of fine prairie grass that
yields from one to three tons and even more of hay per
acre- Hogs and horses da fine there and bring a big price.
Railway and market facilities are good. I would venture to
say this land will soon be worth forty dollars per acre. I
have spent about three months in summer, and autumn in Alberta, and I have never seen a nicer climate or more pleasant
weather.    I consider iny  purchase a  first-class  investment.
Yours   very   truly
(Signed)   C.  F.  HALEY.
P.S.—Just received a letter from my neighbor Wheeler,
near Langdon, saying he raised 4,000 bushels of oats on spring
broke sod, sowed June 15th, weighing 40 pounds to the bushel.
—23— Langdon, Alberta, Nov.  5th,  1908.
Mr. J. S. Dennis, Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sir—I settled on my half-section, being the E.% 20-
22-27, in May, 1907, and proceeded to break 196 acres, ready
for cropping.    In May, 1908,  I had all into  oats and fenced.
The crop made a good growth and stood on an average
above my armpits. I harvested all with one harvester, Deer-
ing, by double shift of teams. Mr- Fulton threshed my crop
of oats from the stook. The yield was 14,600 bushels at
forty cents to the bushels (they run 46 pounds). This makes
the total yield 17,176, or practically 90 bushels to the acre of
as   fine  quality  oats  as  I  ever  saw.
I am also well pleased with the climate and as a farming
section believe it is hard to beat. Eolia, Missouri, was my
former  home.    Yours  truly,
(Signed)    C.   W.   WHISSEN.
Witness:    F.  W.  Crandall.
Langdon,  November  24,  1908.
C.   P.   I.   C.   Co.,   Calgary,   Alta.:
Gentlemen—I settled here a little over a year ago, having
moved from Nebraska, and purchased the W.% of Sec. 12-
22-26- I had a very large family and yet for the time we
have  lived  here  we  have  had  most  excellent  health.
I started in by improving my lands and this year had a
crop consisting of 107 acres of oats, which yielded 8,700 bushels
weighing 45 pounds to the bushel. I had in 45 acres
spring wheat, which turned me 1,637 bushels; 32 acres of flax
yielded 640 bushels. It would be difficult to find a better garden
than I had, which consisted of potatoes, cabbage, and everything else that goes to make up a good garden. I have a very
good  outfit for farming and also a fair amount  of  stock.
So far as the raising of turkeys, ducks and chickens goes,
I find it is a very, easy matter, and they turn a very good
profit when they are ready for marketing.
I have 24 acres in winter wheat, which is making a fine
showing, altogether I think it is one of the most favorable
farming land sections I have ever seen and am fully satisfied
with  results.
You are at liberty to refer to me at any time as I can have
nothing but good words to say of the country.    Yours truly,
(Signed)   PHILIP  DICK.
Grand Forks,, N. D., December 7,  1907.
C.   P.  I.   C.   Co.,   Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sirs—I acknowledge receipt of your letter of Nov.
29th. I reply, I beg to say that early this year I purchased a
small tract of land from your Company, through a local agent,
paying therefor $25' per acre.
I .was attracted to this investment because of my faith in
irrigation and belief in the project controlled by your Company-    It  was my  pleasure, in June  to  drive  over  the  lands
lying immediately south of Strathmore, and I was very much
pleased with the outlook. i
The natural grasses indicated to me that the soil was
very rich. I have as yet done no breaking on my land, so
have raised no crops, but feel that the soil will produce splendid returns when the land is properly watered. I would not
care to sell my land at less than $35.00 per acre.    Respectfully,
(Signed)    W.   E.   FULLER.
Fargo, N. D., December 6, 1907.
C.  P. I.  C.  Co.,  Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sirs—Replying to your circular letter of November
30th, would say I became interested in the Alberta irrigated
lands along the line of the C.P.R. through Mr. Low, of Crooks-
ton, Minn-, and bought 80 acres close to Mewasin, and some 30
or 40 miles from Calgary. I did so for the season that I had
faith in the irrigation project on account of the permanent
way in which it was being developed, and knowing, from many
years' residence in Canada, that the government would require a compliance with the laws on the part of the Company.
I was also impressed with the small water rate, only 50
cents per acre per year for irrigation, as well as with the
certainty of abundance of water,, as I have fished in the Bow
River from which the supply for the irrigation comes, and
have seen  it  in  several seasons  of the year.
I was also impressed with the quality of the soil and the
climate of Alberta, which is much better than a great deal
of our Western climate. I expect to see that land' selling
for $75.00 per acre within a reasonable time, and perhaps
more, and it has cost me $25 per acre on liberal terms. Very
truly yours, •
(Signed)   W.   D.   HODGSON.
Valley City, N. D., December 8,  1907.
C. P. I.  C. Co., Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sirs—In reply to your inquiry for reasons which influenced me to buy land in the irrigation block, east of Calgary,
I-will say that in looking over considerable' country and comparing the crops produced upon irrigated and non-irrigated
lands in the country south of your land, I was at once impressed with the opportunities which were offered by your
company. The low price at which the land is sold, the nearness to railroad, lying as it does on both sides of the C.P.R-,
which insures a quick and sure transportation for all products
of the soil, being features which impressed me at once-
The immense quantities of hay, potatoes and grains which
the lumber and mining industries a few hundred miles west
demands, and which this soil will produce in almost unlimited
quantities, the pleasant summer and freedom from extreme
cold in winter, makes of this section a very desirable place
for the farmer to make a home where he will always be assured of a competency.
I predict that this land will be trebled in value in five
years.    Respectfully yours,
(Signed)   O.  B.  CLENDENNING.
-^25— Atwood, Colorado, Dec. 23, 1907.
C P. I. C. Co., Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sirs—You ask me why I left my comfortable home
in Colorado to settle in Alberta, and I will give you my
reasons: First, let me say I have done well by coming to
Colorado 19 years ago. I found land cheap, but everything I
had to sell was cheap also, so that for a good many years
we had a hard struggle. Wheat would sell as low as 35
cents per cwt., hay $1.50 per ton, butter 7 and 8 cents per lb.,
eggs 7 and 8 cents per dozen. I found it cheaper to burn corn
than coal, while everything I had to buy was very dear.
Things have changed now; prices are good and land is high.
I have sold here at a good figure, and after fully Investigating the outlook in Alberta, have put my money in land
there and am going to make it my home. I find I can buy
at a low figure the richest of farm land along the C.P.R. with
a market, and a good one at that, at my very door for anything I can raise—grain, hay, butter, eggs, beef and pork.
Prices are as high there now as they are here, with other
advantages. A fine climate, only 600 miles from the coast,
flowing water to be obtained at a depth of from 40 to 100 feet,
with coal and lumber only a few miles away.
As for grain, I consider that I have seen good crops, but
I have never seen anything like what I saw in Alberta. I
saw thousands of acres of grain standing as high as a man's
shoulder and heavily loaded. A stock raiser could not want
anything better, as the range is covered with the finest of
grass. The Chinook winds take away what little snow falls,
so that the cattle run on the range the year round, coming off
the grass fat and fine, ready for export.
I believe that land there, if cropped, will pay for itself
several times over within five years, and by the end of Ave
years   will   sell  for   twice   the  price   asked   now.
Yours   respectfully,
(Signed)  A.   SNIDER.
Langdon,  Alberta,  Nov-  5th,  1908.
Mr. J. S. Dennis, Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sir—I came to Alberta two years ago from Fort
Collins, Colorado, and purchased the S.% 7-22-27, and soon
entered upon it. Last year I broke 75 acres and this spring 25
acres. I put the 75 acres in to oats, sowing 3 bushels per acre,
and 25 acres this July to winter wheat. The oats I cut with a
Deering Harvester and when threshed yielded over 3,800 bushels, or 50 bushels to the acre. I never saw a finer quality of
oats than these and they run about 45 to 46 pounds to the
struck bushel.    My fall wheat looks fine.
I like the climate as well as any place I have ever lived
and believe it is a good place for a farmer with even $2,000
as a capital, to come to, and think he should do well. I expect to break more of my land next spring. I had about half
an acre of potatoes which yielded over 100 bushels, rate 200
bushels to the acre of splendid potatoes.
This seems good showing for a new country.
(Signed)   W.  L.   FORD.
Witness:    F- W. Crandall.
Gleichen, November 21, 1908.
C.  P.  I.   C.  Co.,  Calgary:
Dear Sir—I cannot too strongly recommend early development of land purchased, as it is certain no revenue can be expected unless the land is farmed. There is no reason why the
farm should not be made a full partner in procuring funds to
pay for itself from crops raised. It is better in my mind to pay
less down on lands purchased so as to have funds for breaking and farming a good portion at once. I came from southeast Idaho and purchased the S.% of 36-22-23, and consider
it was a lucky day for me when I did it. True, it has not by
any means been all clear sailing, but we must count on
averages rather than single operations and the average is all
right and satisfactory.
I have 250 acres broken and had a fine crop this season.
My 115 acres of Red Fife gave me 30 bushels per acre. I had
1,600 bushels of fine oats, and my 20 acres of flax yielded me
17 bushels per acre. My 10 acres alfalfa is new but looks good
to me and I have every confidence that it will turn me a good
penny. I put in four acres of potatoes and they yielded 400
bushels per acre. This is certainly a great potato country.
Coming from Idaho as I did it goes without saying I am
a strong believer in irrigation and took good care to get a
farm mostly under a ditch system as I can make enough out
of five acres to pay double the maintenance charge on 160
acres. Irrigation will increase the yield of potatoes fully 100
bushels per acre and any kind of roots, grass as well as alfalfa can be greatly increased by the use of water. I feel
perfectly justified in saying as an all-round farming country
this appeals to me as being the best of any I have seen anywhere for the man of moderate means- My place is easily
reached from Gleichen and I am always pleased to have people
who are interested in this country, and who, like the man from
Missouri, must be shown, to call on me and I will be glad to
show them about and know they will be fully converted after
such a visit. I have no land to sell, and the above statements
are given because they may help some one to decide the
question, " Shall I go to Alberta?"    Your truly,
(Signed)   J.  R.  ALLGOOD.
Gleichen,  Oct.  17,  1908.
The C. P. I. & C- Co., Calgary:
Dear Sirs—This is to certify that I threshed for Langley
& Wm. Moore, formerly of Idaho, north of Gleichen eight miles,
and that  on breaking the yield  was  about as  follows:
100 acres spring wheat, average 45 bushels to the acre;
and 100 acres oats (also on breaking) averaging 65 bushels
per acre.
—27— Saint Marie's, Idaho, January 7, 1908.
C. P. I. C. Co., Calgary, Alta.:
Dear Sirs—In reply to yours of recent date: The reason
I bought land in Alberta in preference to the United States is,
first, because I can buy land there so much cheaper, considering quality, land that I bought there for $25 an acre I would
have to pay $150 to $200 per acre for here in Idaho. Railroad
facilities are just as good in Alberta as in Idaho, and as to
climate, I have not seen much of that, but I like a northern
climate, and by what everyone living there told me, and judging by what I saw when there, I think it a good place to
go to live. I have not had my land long enough to get any
returns from it yet, but by the looks of crops I saw raised
when I was there last August, I expect to make the crops pay
for the land. I paid $25 per acre for irrigable land, two miles
from railway. I saw as fine wheat and oats growing there as
I ever saw anywhere in the United States, also all kinds of
root crops and alfalfa; in fact, I was delighted with (the
country and  the  outlook.    Respectfully,
(Signed)   MRS.   LAURA   L.   DUNSON.
Gleichen, October 17, 1908.
C.  P.  I.   &  Col  Co.,   Calgary:
Sirs—This is to certify that my Alberta Red winter wheat,
sown on sod breaking about July 22, 1907, has yielded 50
bushels per acre of No. 2 Hard, and weighed 66 pounds to
the bushel. Sold at 78 cents. Will pay for the land with this
one  crop.    I  was  formerly a  resident  of  Colorado.
Gleichen,  Oct.   17,   1908.
Can. Pac. Ry. Col. Dept., Calgary:
Gentlemen—This is to certify that I both owned and
threshed my own field of oats, and the yield was about 90
bushels per acre, and would have yielded 100 bushels only
part was lodged, and could not be saved. These oats we raised
on  breaking.    I  formerly  lived  in  Leigh,  Idaho.
Gleichen, October 17, 1908.
Can. Pac. Ry.  Col.  Co.,  Calgary:
Gentlemen—This is to certify that I raised Red Fife wheat,
which sown very thin and on new breaking went 30 bushels
per acre. When fully cleaned it weighed 70 pounds to the
I had 18 acres of Swedish Enterprise Oats, on new breaking, which went 87 bushels per acre, and when cleaned weighed
52 pounds to the bushel. This was threshed about October 1,
by the Shamrock Threshing Co.,  of Gleichen.
I lived in Spencer, Idaho, and also in Utah, but never saw
such crops as raised on my land here. I am fully satisfied
with this country, and like it better the longer I stay here.
(Signed)   HENRY  N.   LE»
Sec.  36-23-22.
Calgary, Dec. 7th, 1908.
We, the undersigned land seekers from Idaho, after having
gone over the irrigation belt and examining it carefully have
"confirmed our favorable impressions by purchasing tracts of
land varying from 160 to 480 acres, at our own request, give the
following testimony of our impressions of this great country,
and in so doing hope that others may make as careful an
examination of the lands as we have, and follow our example.
Well, sir, I think it is fine, and do not see why the ground
will not produce well, because it is splendid soil.    It suits me,
and I do not see why a man could not  do  well here by  investing in real estate.
I feel about the same way. I like it fine, and everyone you
talk with seems satisfied and contented. It takes my eye, and
I have never been in a locality before where people seem1 as
well satisfied as they do here.
I am very well pleased with the country. I think the outlook is very fine here, and am also very much pleased with the
climate, and surprised to think that we could strike a climate
so mild at this time of the year, and all whom I talked to
seem to feel the samfe way—are satisfied, doing well, and their
places all look prosperous. Good buildings where they have
been here two or three years. Resources seem to be excellent,
and outlook is good for markets, railroad facilities, etc., and I
cannot see why a person should not come here and make a good
home and plenty of money. I took 200 acres which I thought
would do for a starter and am going to take chances of getting
more when I come out in the spring if it is possible. I have
been three years in Idaho, and twenty years in Colorado, have
ranched, etc., and been all over that country and have property
there, also in Idaho, and in all my travels, taking it all through,
I consider that nothing equals this part of Alberta.
J.   B.    CATLETT.
This is my second trip, and the more I see of the country,
the better I like it. I find the people here very contented, and
I think it is  THE place for a fellow  to get a start.
I do not know that I can say anything original, but can
reiterate what the boys have said, that the quality of the soil
seems surprisingly good, and two things that have amazed me
—M— on the trip are the extent of the country and the chance that
there is for such vast numbers of people to make homes here;
and another thing is the climate. That astonished me, for I
had?the impression that the farther you go north, the nearer
you come to the North Pole and the colder it got; but it is
certainly fine, and has been since we have been here—much
better than we anticipated. There is an excellent opportunity
for men to make homes amongst  intelligent  people.
I think the same as the rest. Am well pleased with the
country and cannot see why a person should not make a good
home. We took up about as much land as we could handle
immediately but we are going to have more the next year.
I took 480 acres.
G.   W.    CHAMBERS.
I do not know whether I can say much more than what has
been said, unless I repeat some. I believe that Alberta is an
ideal place where a young man, or even old men, can make a
good home. I have been through the Western States and am
convinced that there is no other country offering such opportunities as Alberta does today.
I cannot say much more than anybody else. It is a fine
country, we came here not to speculate on land but to buy
land, and  intend farming large  tracts  of land.
(Signed)  FRED.  HOFFMAN.
W.   L.   SHARP.
. G.  W.   CHAMBERS.
J.   M.   PILANT.
W.   E.   YOUNG-
Witness:     O. L. ROBINSON.
Langdon,   November 24    1908-
Can.  Pac.  I.   &   C.   Co.,  Calgary:
Gentlemen—From mining in Montana to farming In Alberta is quite a step, but it does not always pay to work
for others, when by a little effort one can make changes that
may turn the tide of one's entire business career. So we purchased the S.W. 240 acres of Sec. 19-24-25, and set to work
on Aug.  1,  1907,  to  carve  out a farm  from  the  open  prairie.
It is no easy task for one who is used to farming, and
you may judge we. who had never farmed any, ran against
some very strange experiences during our first year here. However, with good health for ourselves, and families, we have
not done too bad, and in fact feel rather proud of our
The future seems to promise well, as we have found the
soil to only need proper cultivation to produce excellent crops.
Of course our start meant all sorts of things, buildings,
stock, well, implements, etc., but once secured will do us for
many years.
"We have already broken 70 acres, and have 30 acres in
winter  wheat,  which looks fine.
Our crop of oats, consisting of about 20 acres, turned us
800 bushels, of fine, heavy oats. We also had six acres of
flax, two acres of 250-bushel-per-aere potatoes, besides a good
We are well pleased with the country, and especially encouraged when we see so many new homes going up all about
us. It means schools and other necessary social advantages
will soon spring up, which add much to the pleasure of living
in the country.
Elian Vannin Farm.
November 25,  1908.
The  C.   P.   I,   C.   Co.,   Calgary,  Alta.:
I recently came from Butte, Montana, although only three
months here, have 40 acres broken, and am fencing my quarter
section. I built a good five-roomed house, with cellar, also
had a well bored, obtaining excellent water. My stock consists
of three cows and five horses. My wife as well as myself
like this country very much and note especially that the air
is  wonderfully  different  than the smelter fumes at Butte.
I look for great progress.
(Signed)   JOHN   CALDER.
Langdon,  Alta.,  Can.,  Dec.  4th,   1908.
Mr. F. W. Crandall,
C|o C- P. I. & C. Co.,
Calgary, Canada.
Dear Sir—Replying to yours of November 27th, the yield
of grain on Sec.  10 is as follows:
Swan & Moore, 120 acres, 10,325 'bu., aver, per acre, 86 bu.
Nelson, 50 acres, 3,52 6 bu., aver,  per acre, 70% bu.
(Part of Nelson's destroyed by cattle)
Fields, 115 acres, 10,269 bu., aver, per acre, 89%  bu.
Total, oats, 24,120 bu., 285 acres, aver, per acre, 84 bu.
208  acres,   7,148  bu.,  aver,  about  34%   bu.   per  acre.
Agent for H. C. Mason, of Morgan Field, Kentucky.
—n— Calgary, Alta., Oct.  11,  1907.
Can.  Pac.  Irrigation  Col.   Co.,  Calgary:
Gentlemen—Your letter of the 9th instant, containing a
request for information concerning my settlement and subsequent farming experiences in this district, received. While
most of the questions you ask are entirely personal, the answering of which may, upon the surface, seem rather egotistical—still, I feel that having prospered myself, in a modest
way, the information you call for, if furnished you, may be
helpful to others. Actuated by this belief and a duty that I
feel I owe my fellowman, less fortunately located than I, it
is with pleasure that I comply with your request.
Twenty-one years ago I came to Calgary with $500 and a
determination to make for myself a home. My first move wa?
the selection of a homestead. I then bought a few head of
grade stock and made my start. After getting thoroughly settled in my new home, I pre-empted 160 acres of land adjoining my homestead. As I began accumulating a little money
I gradually replaced my grade stock with pure-bred Shorthorn
cattle, Clydesdale and Hackney horses, and Shropshire sheep.
Of the latter I at one time  owned  1,100  head.
Finding, as my stock increased, that the 320 acres I owned
would in time be too small to accommodate the business that I
hoped to build up, I sold it, and with the proceeds of the
sale I bought, on easy terms, 800 acres, in one block, from the
Canadian Pacific Railway and Hudson's Bay Companies. At
this time I owned 100 head of pure-bred Shorthorn, 40 head of
pure-bred Clydesdales and Hackneys, and a few blooded sheep.
During the winters I usually feed 30 to 50 head of steers
for the market. This, because I have plenty of fodder and find
that it will bring the highest price in the shape of fat beef on
the hoof.
The present value of my holdings, real and personal, conservatively estimated, I believe to be about $35,000, and my net
annual  income is about $3,500.
Many young men from the East, without capital, who have
come out here to work for me, now own anywhere from a
half to a full section of land, and are wealthy men, which
fact convinces me beyond a doubt that any young man of fair
average intelligence who comes to the country, and will apply
himself and that intelligence to the management of a farm,
cannot  but  meet  with  success.
When I settled in this district the conditions were not
nearly so favorable as are those of today. We had no local
markets then. Consequently our stock brought very low prices.
It had to be shipped to Winnipeg, or further east, and a horse
that will sell at from $250 to $300 today, then brought only $60.
The soil here seems inexhaustible- I know of lands that
have been cropped continuously for twenty years that, without artificial fertilization, show no diminution of yield. The
fact that cattle can be fattened upon the native grass, without
a grain ration, is in itself conclusive proof of the richness of
the soil which produces the grass. The results obtained from
the soil under cultivation are striking. Six years ago I bought
160 acres for $5 an acre. The first year I owned it I plowed
up 40 acres and put in a crop that I sold in the fall for $100
more than the 160 acres had cost me.    This is not an isolated
instance, for I know of many cases where greater results were
obtained where more ground was broken the first year.
I am sure that if my countrymen could be brought to
realize that better land here than that which they are now
cultivating, can be bought in the rich Bow River Valley for
less money an acre than it is now costing them an acre for
rent at home, the Calgary district would soon be full to overflowing with some of the  world's best farmers.    Yours  truly,
(Signed)   BRYCE  WRIGHT.
Calgary, December 10th, 1908.
Canadian Pacific Railway Colonization Dept., Calgary.
Dear Sirs,—I do not wish to say too much about this
grand country, for the simple reason that if it were to get
into any of the papers back home, all my neighbors would
be anxious to leave, and I would not have the chance of ev.en
renting my farm, let alone selling it.
This is my second trip to Alberta, and after looking over
a great many sections of country have satisfied myself that
the cheapest and most profitable land proposition between
here and my native State of Iowa, is in the district east of
Calgary, where the C.P.R. has done so much toward insuring heavy crops by means of irrigation. The other sections
of this province visited are without a doubt grand crop producers, but' one must at all times consider price when buying,
and what is the use of paying $25.00 to $30.00 per acre for
non-improved, non-irrigated land, when the irrigated, which
is certain to produce crops for all time to come, can be bought
for $25.00.
Down in Iowa, we make our money milking cows, and
our farms do not even then pay more than a small per cent,
on the investment, but here just wheat alone, you can pay for
the land in many cases in one year's crop. Our land down
there sells at $100.00 per acre.
I bought a section (640 acres) north of Cheadle, and feel
that this is one of the best investments that I ever made.
Myself and the boys will come back in the spring, and in all
probability they will never go back, as they always wanted
land in  Alberta. (Signed)    JOHN  ANDERSON.
Cresco, Iowa.
Pendelton, Ore., U.S.A., Nov. 7,  1908.-
The Canadian Pacific I. C. Co., Calgary, Alta.:
Gentlemen—For the past two months I have been thoroughly investigating Southern Alberta, and as a result of my
investigations I purchased a section of land in the Canadian
Pacific Irrigation Block, in the Bow River Valley, 18 miles east
—S3- of Calgary, and I believe that I have laid the foundation for
an independent fortune for my family in this section of land-
I am going to move to Calgary next spring and will fence and
cultivate my land, and from what I have seen on the C.P.I.C.
Co.'s lands in the Bow River Valley, I feel sure that I can
pay for my section with at least two crops, although I have
eight years in which to make my payments.
After an honest and searching investigation of conditions
in Alberta, I know that you have the best land proposition on
the American continent. I have been in Oklahoma, Northern
Texas and eastern Oregon, all new countries, and your wheat
lands at $10, $12 and $15 per acre and your fine irrigated lands
at $25, with payments extending over eight y°?.rs at 6 per cent,
interest, is the very best offer that 1 know of for a man with
moderate means.
Here in Oregon, and in the Eastern States, cultivated land
is now out of the reach of the poor man. There is no more
good land to be had at low prices. What can a man with but
a few thousand dollars do in buying a section or half-section
of land at $60, $75 or $100 per acre?   It is out of the question.
But on your tract, where climatic and soil conditions,
transportation facilities and markets are extremely favorable
to home-making and quick returns from the land, a poor man
has a chance to secure a large tract of good land which, after
a few years cultivation, increased from two to three-fold in
value and furnishes a perpetual and certain income.
One feature of Alberta which appealed to me is this: although you have millions of acres of fine lands to be purchased
at low prices and on easy payments, yet you are not on a far
frontier, long distances from civilization and markets. But there
you have a transcontinental line of railroad running through
the heart of your project and you have Calgary, a magnificent
city of 25,000 population, fine schools, churches, banking institutions, wholesale houses, manufacturing plants and extensive railroad facilities, for a market and commercial centre.
Everything is prepared in advance for the home-maker.
At different places on the Canadian Pacific Railway Co.'s
three-million acre tract, I saw wheat yielding all the way from
30 to 60 bushels to the acre, according to the intelligence employed by the farmer. I saw oats yielding all the way up from
50 to 110 bushels per acre. Wheat had been 80 cents when
I left Calgary a few weeks ago, and many new settlers on your
tract were paying for their land with one sod crop this year,
a feat which is impossible in our boasted wheat belt of eastern
Oregon and Washington.
The greatest surprise which greeted me in my investigations in Alberta was this: I found that the climatic conditions
of the country had been grossly misrepresented to me. Instead
of a cold, disagreeable, blizzard belt, my wife and I found mild,
sunshiny weather, vegetables maturing, crops being harvested
in delightful weather, roads in good condition late in the fall,
and all kinds of stock fat and sleek from the excellent native
grass which covers your entire country.
As a practical farmer and student of agriculture my judgment tells me the Bow River Valley is destined to become one
of the most densely populated diversified and productive
regions on the American continent. The soil Is such that it
wil1 croduce heavy crops continuously, the chinook winds whioh
sweep through the mountain passes and melt away the snowfall two or three times during the winter months, make it possible for winter wheat to thrive beyond your highest hopes,
and the man who gets a foothold in that favored locality early
will, like our pioneer farmers in the States, become absolutely
independent in a few years. The wheat kings of the States
today are those who secured all the cheap land possible and
held on to it. Your country offers the only good cheap lands I
know of, and my best recommendation of your country is that
I am selling out a good business and a home to take my family
of six into Alberta to make our home.
I certainly like the vigorous way in which you enforce your
laws in Canada and I honestly believe that your government
is closer to and responds more quickly to the individual citizen
who has a just grievance than ours. Any man who will go to
Calgary and ride out over your magnificent new home-making
proposition, will come away an enthusiast. Few people know
that such a country and such opportunities are to be found on
the continent. Hoping that your efforts to secure the best possible class of thrifty settlers for your excellent country succeed,
I am  cordially yours,
Bassano,   Dec.   4th,   1908.
The Can. Pac. Irrigation Colonization Co.:
Dear Sir—In answering yours of November 24th: I am or
was an Englishman (Leicestershire), coming out to Alberta in
1885. As regards any more information since my last letter,
I may say I tried to locate Mr. Wheeler this fall and sent him
some vegetables, etc-, as a sample and in the end sent them to
Mr. Dennis.
It has been a most successful season again here for irrigation and everything did extra well. I had new potatoes
before 1st July, and ripe tomatoes by 25th July, and a tremendous crop of them, really first class, which were out until late in September this year before any sign  of frost.
The corn was over 9 feet high in places and we had any
quantity of sweet corn as well.
I am greatly interested in irrigation here, because it seems
to me the one thing necessary for this part of Alberta, and with
it we can grow anything that can be grown in Canada, but
without it, six years out of eight, I have seen here, I'm satisfied it wouldn't pay for the seed. If you could give me any
information at any time I should be pleased to hear from you
or at the same time I will be glad to give it, or what little
experience I have  had  to you.    Yours truly,
Calgary, Alta., Oct. 27th, 1908.
The Can. Pacific I. C. Co., Calgary, Alta.:
Gentlemen—I came to this country for the purpose of looking over your lands both for myself and also for several of my
friends, and made up my mind to stay until I had made a
thorough investigation of the proposition.    I have been in the
—35- - Langdon District for a full month working with threshing outfits and have found conditions better in every way than I had
expected to find them. It is my intention to return to Southern
Alberta in the spring with a good big party of my friends to
take  up  land.
I might say that I helped thresh wheat that went 42
bushels to the acre; oats, 110 bushels to the acre; flax, 26
bushels,  and barley,  38 bushels.    Yours truly.
(Signed)   A.   L.   GEREN.
If this be an earnest of what we may expect in future, let
me say " Sunny Southern Alberta " is good enough for me.
Yours  truly,
Gleichen.   Alta.,   Nov-   6th,   1908.
,Mr.  J.   S.  Dennis,   Calgary,  Alta.:
Dear Sir—Replying to your late enquiry as to what results
I have received from my farming operations during the season
of 1908, I gladly submit the following facts for your information and trust you will find them satisfactory and conclusive.
During the season of 1907 I broke about 200 acres of my
land, W.% of Sec. 13-23-23, and disced all ready for early spring
seeding. As soon as the frost was out in April I began drilling
and found plenty of moisture and also sufficient heat to at
once germinate my seed, which consisted of 100 acres of oats
and 100 acres  of spring wheat.
The weather was ideal for rapid growth and I found my
crop ready for harvest in good season. It was a satisfaction, T
assure you, to see the splendid growth my crop made and the
satisfactory way it headed. I cut it all with one harvester and
had it all done in good season. I did not stack it as I am interested in a threshing outfit and had arrangements for early
threshing. The yield was all I could desire or expect. In fact
it was a surprise. The 100 acres of oats averaged not less
than 80 bushels per acre of as fine a quality of grain as I ever
saw. They would weigh not less than 45 pounds to the struck
bushel. I sowed 2% bushels to the acre and think that a good
amount to sow of good seed oats.
As to the 100 acres of spring wheat, I sowed 1% bushels
per acre and consider that the right amount. The crop yielded
an average of 43 bushels of spring wheat the acre and I sold
for a good price, all I care to see now.
I also had one acre of potatoes from which I harvested
over 250 bushels  of good  potatoes.
When you consider that this was, a year ago, virgin sod,
it seems most remarkable that such results could be obtained.
I am well pleased with the country and my family and myself
have had uniformly good health since I came here. I am satis-
fled this is one of the most favorable sections of country I have
ever seen to make money at farming, but no place for a lazy
man. Results will be very largely according to the thoroughness of the tillage. I, for my part, advocate both early sowing
and deep sowing for best results.
If anyone wishes to further investigate the matter let them
write to me direct and I will cheerfully verify every statement
above written.
Seattle, Wash., Dec. 7th, 1908.
The Canadian Pacific Irrigation Colonization Co., Calgary.
Dear Sirs,—Having lived for two years in one of the best
irrigated valleys in Washington, and being quite familiar with
conditions and prices of land in two or three other irrigated
valleys in the States, I am in a position to form a fairly correct opinion as to the value of irrigated lands, and do not
hesitate to say that your lands in the vicinity of Gleichen are
by far the best value of any on the market. Almost all the
irrigated valleys in this state were desert, and sage brush
until reclaimed, while the land at Gleichen shows a good
growth of prairie grass, is particularly free from stone, generally lies with a slight incline sufficiently sloping for irrigation
purposes, and can be levelled at a nominal cost. These are all
items to be considered in buying irrigated lands, as the labor
and expense of levelling the land often exceeds the original
cost per acre. I do not know of any irrigated land within fifty
miles of a railway in this country which can be bought, with
a water right, for less than $100.00 per acre, unimproved, and
the most of it runs at from $200.00 to $400.00 per acre if close
to a railway, while improved lands run from $1,000.00 per acre
upwards, and is advancing in price constantly. In one place
the water right alone costs $75.00 per acre, with an annual
maintenance fee of $1.50 per acre.
I did not go to Alberta to buy land, but having other
business at Calgary, I went to Gleichen on the cheap rate, and
the land looked so good to me that I bought 80 acres before
leaving Calgary at $25.00 per acre for irrigable and $15 per
acre for non-irrigable, 53 acres of the tract being irrigable. I
have never regretted it, and I think $100.00 per acre will be
cheap for this land in a couple of years' time, when the
locality is developed. I know of irrigated districts in Colorado
and Oregon where a great success is being made of alfalfa,
sugar beets and winter apples at as high, and even higher,
R.  A.  ROSE.
Chicoutimi, Que., Dec. 14th, 1908.
The Canadian Pacific Irrigation Colonization Co-, Calgary.
Gentlemen,—Answering yours of November 30th, 1908, I
beg to say that I have great confidence in the irrigated lands
situated east of Calgary. When in Calgary last summer I
went to inspect the irrigated lands in the district near Strath-
more, and after seeing the nature of the soil and the general
circumstances favoring the location, returned to Calgary and
bought a farm (half section), and gave an order to the C.P.R.
to have my land broken and sowed.
On my return home I met a friend who had bought tha
other half-section  next to  my farm.
Yours truly,
L. W.  BELLEY. Langdon,   Nov.  21,   1908.
C.   P.   I.   Co.,  Calgary.
Gents—I take pleasure in giving you the information you
request, as best I can.
I came from Fair Oaks, California, Sacramento County, and
settled on my farm, the E% of Sec. 11-22-26, on March 15,
and began work. I broke and put in 19 acres oats very late
and got 39% bushels per acre. • 21 acres barley, 25 bushels per
acre; and 40 acres of flax, which yielded 20% bushels per
acre. These results seemed wonderful for such late sowing,
and also spring breaking.
I have now 210 acres broken, and will break 70 acres more
in the spring. My neighbor had plowed too far west, and
found it covered the road allowance, as it was not used, I
put in % acre of potatoes, simply plowing them in, and dug
from this % acre, 125 bushels of good potatoes.
I am well pleased with the country, and see a bright future
for farmers in this section. We need a railway, and expect
to  get  it  soon.
In California I have seen lands go from $100 to $500 per
acre no better land than mine.
I am willing to give new settlers the benefit of my experience at any time, if it be desired.    Yours truly,
"Stanhope Farm," Strathmore, Nov. 23,  1908.
The Canadian Pacific Ry. Col. Irrigation Co.
Gentlemen—I was born in Scotland, but spent many years
in South Africa, when I learned of the great C.P.R. irrigation
project, and was attracted to Canada to try my hand at raising the great crops I heard so much about.
I am here, and glad that I am, for I have found both the
country and climate all it was represented to me, and am
I purchased Sub. 13-14-15-16, Sec. 31-22-25, and have it all
fenced, and 106 acres broken, though I have only been here
since  September,  1907.
I put in .only 6 acres of winter wheat this fall. My crop
consisted of 30 acres of oats, which gave me 55 bushels per
acre; 47 bushels of barley (Mensury—the best brewing) yielding 28 bushels per acre; and flax, 12 acres. Taking all conditions into consideration, the yields were quite as much as
I expected.
When my cottage was built I could see but few others, but
now they are looming up in every direction, and many more
will go up in the spring.
I fully believe in stacking my grain as soon as possible
after harvesting, and thus be able to thresh at any time,
regardless of weather conditions. It also clears the land ready
for plowing, which I consider a great advantage.
I have not tried irrigation as yet, only on vegetables, but
lieve it to be a very profitable thing where practised.
(Signed   JOHN   EASON.
Langdon,   Alta.
The C. P.  I.  &  Col.  Co., Calgary.
Gentlemen—Two hundred and fifty dollars does not seem
a very heavy capital on which to start large farming operations, and yet, that is the amount of cash I had when I landed
at Langdon seven years ago, and began my farming venture.
. I tell you it took lots of faith, but that I had in abundance,
and coupled with good health, as it was even the hard luck
stories of the old- ranchers failed ' to check my movements.
I have lived to see all their prophesies come to naught and
have never witnessed that exodus, which they so stoutly claimed
would depopulate this country, and leave it forever the unchallenged   domain   of   the   rancher.
I came from Cambridge, England, and had but a vague
idea of what it meant to farm as it is done here. It makes
me smile now as I look back, to see how little I actually did
know about farming.
The reason so few come here from England, is because
they lack either faith or backbone, and no one takes the
trouble to educate them. I think of the hundreds of thousands
in the cities, living in crowded quarters and with no prospect
of ever being able to better their condition, when here in this
country there yet remains fertile lands, only waiting for a
husbandman to till them to make them yield golden harvests.
But to give some idea of my own operations. I purchased
the E. % Sec. 23-23-28, and the N. % 14-23-28. Land does not
look good to me to own, unless a good portion is broken and
In crops, so I have broken and am cropping 500 acres, and will
break more next spring. For the past seven years I have never
seen a season when the crop did not pay over $10 per acre,
and  mind  you  never  a failure.
My crop this year consisted of 350 acres of oats, which
turned me 60 bushels per acre. They were very heavy, too,
and weighed 44 lbs. to the struck bushel. I expect to crop
500 acres next year.
My experience is that it pays to summer fallow, as it
gives you not only time to plow your land, but also keeps it
free from weeds.
I have 30 head of horses, 30 cattle, and all sorts of implements, and a threshing outfit, and with another year like
this, and we will get it, I can swing clear of debt. Not too
bad for a green Englishman, who started on a capital of
$250, is it?
To conclude will say, I shall be very pleased to answer any
questions I may be posted on, and can say as for myself, the
climate and country suit me perfectly.
(Signed)    F.   HARRADENCE.
39 ■
-•-    ',,,_     *tij,gj r-
For Further Information
apply TO
Canadian Pacific Railway
Colonization Department
Calgary, Alberta


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