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The highway to the Orient : across the prairies, mountains and rivers of Canada to Japan, China, Australasia… Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1906

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the Hoqhway
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CANADIAN,
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ONTREAL UTHO  CO.LIMITED.  ffo6
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THE  HIGHWAY
TO    THE
ORIENT
ACROSS    THE
PRAIRIES,   MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS
OF   CANADA
TO
JAPAN,     CHINA,     AUSTRALASIA
AND   THE
SUNNY     ISLES   OF    THE     PACIFIC
<■#?>
ISSUED    BY    THE
CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY  COMPANY
MONTREAL
E. 06                                                                                                                                        ,       .
/t&ustJet Empress of  Ireland
One of the new palatial steamships for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company's Atlantic Service on
the Montreal-Quebec-Liverpool Route. Length 570 ft., breadth 65 ft., displacement 20,000 tons,
18,000 horsepower, and makes the passage between Liverpool and Quebec in less than a week.
Accommodation for 300 1st cabin, 350 2nd cabin, 1,000 3rd class passengers.
THE FINEST AND FASTEST STEAMSHIPS IN THE CANADIAN TRADE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
PACIFIC    SFRVICE
S.S. EMPRESS OF JAPAN
ROYAL  MAIL S.S.   LINE
TO
JAPAN   AND  CHINA
TWIN-SCREW   STEAMSHIPS
Empress of India, Empress of Japan, Empress of China,
Tartar, Athenian and Monteagle
The Empresses are alike in every detail, 485 ft. long, 51 ft. beam, 36 ft. depth and
6,000 tons register, with twin screws, triple expansion engines. 10.000 horse power, speed
18 knots. They run between VANCOUVER and VICTORIA, B.C., and YOKOHAMA,
KOBE, NAGASAKI, SHANGHAI and HONG KONG.
Of these magnificent vessels, constructed under supervision of the English Admiralty,
with numerous water-tight compartments, insuring perfect safety, and equipped with all
the most improved appliances devised by modern marine engineering for obtaining speed,
comfort and luxury, one will sail from Vancouver, B.C., subject to unavoidable changes
ONCE IN EVERY TWO OR THREE WEEKS.
The route is 300 miles shorter than that of any other transpacific line CANADIAN-AUSTRALIAN ROYAL MAIL S.S. LINE
R.M.S.    "MIOWERA,"    "MOANA,"    "AORANGI."
This fleet is replete with all the latest improvements in modern shipbuilding, aiJ passengers receive every attention, everything being provided for their
comfort and pleasure during what has bean said to be "one of the mojt
delightful ocean voyages in the world."
Sailings between VANCOUVER, B.C., VICTORIA, B.C.. and HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN
ISLANDS, SUVA. FIJI, BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND, and SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH WALES
every four weeks-
Passengers booked FROM LONDON or LIVERPOOL. NEW YORK, BOSTON, MONT
REAL, TOROKTO, or any of the principal cities of CANADA_and the United States.
For dates   of sailings   enquire at any Canadian   Pacific
Railway Co.'s Agency. THE   HIGHWAY  TO  THE  ORIENT
CANADA'S WONDERFUL  PROGRESS
fr»        ^
HE   ORGANIZATION    of   the   Canadian    Pacific
Railway in 1881 was one   of the   most  important
events connected with the making of Canadian history, inasmuch as it implied the opening up of the
Great North-West, the practical development of that vast terri-
The Imperial Limited, Noted for its Splendid Equipment—Canadian Pacific Railway.
tory, and the wonderful results that have followed the gigantic
enterprise.
The explorations and surveys for the railway had made
known the character of the country it was to traverse. In the
wilderness east, north and west of Lake Superior, forests of pine, and other timber and mineral deposits of incalculable value
were found, and millions of acres of agricultural land as well.
The vast prairie district between Winnipeg and the Rocky
Mountains, proved to be exceedingly rich in its agricultural
resources, and this has been confirmed by the wonderful harvests
of recent years which have made Canada known to all nations as
one of the most progressive countries in the world.
The completion of the great Canadian Pacific Railway on the
7th of November. 1885, was an event of national importance and
Canadian   Pacific  Station sand   General. Offices, Montreal.
found the Company in possession of , no less than 4,315 miles of
railway, including the longest continuous line in the world, extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific; and by the mid summer
of 1886 all this vast system was fully equipped and working
throughout. The touch of the young giant of the North was
felt upon the world's commerce almost before his existence was known; and not content with the trade of the golden shores of
the Pacific from California to Alaska, his arms at once reached
out across to the broad ocean and grasped the teas and silks of
China and Japan to exchange them for the fabrics of Europe
and North America.
The following years were marked by an enormous development of traffic and by the addition of many lines of railway to
the Company's system, as well as by the establishment of a
magnificent steamship service to Japan and China.    And now,
the Canadian Pacific lines
embrace over 11,000 miles
of railway and spread out
through Western Canada
like the fingers of a gigantic hand.
Nor is this all. The
intervening years have
witnessed the inauguration of a splendid steamship service on the Atlantic between Canada and
London, Liverpool, Bristol
and Antwerp, which extended the active operations of the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company
half-way around theglobe,
and the present year sees the addition to the Atlantic Fleet
of the twin-screw Royal Mail Passenger Steamships, Empress
of Britain and Empress of Ireland, the fastest in the Canadian
service.
Canada's great transcontinental railway has given a magnetic
impulse to her fields, her mines and her manufactories, and the
modest colony of yesterday is to-day an energetic nation with
great plans and hopes and aspirations.
Niagara   Falls. ACROSS   CANADA
A
#^_^^    TRIP across Canada affords more varied and m-
j|feit...^^a teresting   scenery  than  can  be  found  in  any
n|k % other transcontinental journey, for by this line
§*. A. yOU shall see mighty rivers, vast forests, boundless prairies, stupendous mountains and wonders
innumerable; and you shall see all in comfort, nay,
in luxury. If you are a jaded tourist, sick of Old
. World scones and smells, you will find everything here
fresh and novel. If you are a sportsman, you will meet
with unlimited opportunities and endless variety, and no
one shall deny your right to shoot or fish at your own sweet
will. If you are a mountain climber, you shall have cliffs and
peaks and glaciers worthy of your alpenstock; and if you have
lived in India, and tiger hunting has lost its zest, a Rocky Mountain grizzly bear will renew your interest in life.
Chateau Frontenac, C P. R. Hotel, Quebec.
8 To the investor and business man an opportunity is afforded
to view the Canadian Agricultural lands which are rapidly
growing in value. Prosperous, well-built towns and busy cities
are visited where but a few years ago the buffalo roamed.
Mining, lumbering, fishing, fruit growing, each developing in
influence and power at a rate which startles the residents of
old settled countries, for the Canadian West is astonishing the
world by its progress.
Let the reader imagine himself a passenger aboard one of the
Company's great Atlantic Empress ships sailing up the noble St.
Place Viger Station and C. P. R. Hotel, Montreal.
Lawrence and arriving at the old and picturesque city of Quebec,
the "Gibraltar of America," and the most interesting of all the
cities in America. Its quaint buildings, crowding along the
water's edge and perching on the rock side, its massive walls and
battlements rising tier upon tier to the famous citadel, crowning
the Cape top and dominating the magnificent landscape for many
miles around, plainly tell of a place and a people with a history.
All about this ancient stronghold, first of the French and then of
the English, every height and hillside has been the scene of desperately fought battles. Here the French made their last
fight for empire in America, in the memorable battle in which
Wolfe and Montcalm fell. But Quebec of to-day is a city of
warehouses, manufactories, hotels and universities, and the great
new docks of masonry indicate that Quebec is anxious to redeem
her old time prestige as a great shipping port; and the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company's magnificent fire-proof hotel, the
Chateau Frontenac, occupying on Dufferin Terrace a matchless
site, has attained a world wide reputation for the excellence of
its service and the beauty of its furnishings.
City  of  St. John,   N.B.
Here we find the Canadian Pacific Railway, and one of its
trains will take us in a few hours along the north bank of the St.
Lawrence through a well tilled country and a chain of quaint
French towns and villages to Montreal, the commercial metropolis
of the Dominion.
In the winter, if we come by one of the Canadian Pacific
Atlantic steamships, we shall land at St. John, the chief city of
New Brunswick, a busy and handsome city and one of the largest
in the Maritime Provinces. Or we may disembark at the old city
of   Halifax, with its magnificent  harbor, its strong citadel, its
10 ] ■
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E extensive cotton mills""and sugar refineries, its beautiful parks
and charming views. Here, too, a Canadian Pacific Railway train
will be found ready to carry us westward to Montreal.
Montreal, the commercial metropolis of Canada, a handsome
substantial city, should be regarded as the initial point of our
transcontinental journey, for it is the principal eastern terminus
of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and it is the terminus not only
of the main line, but of numerous other lines built and acquired
by the Company to gather up and distribute its traffic.
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Halifax, N.S., and its Citadel
Here in Montreal, a hundred years before the British conquest of Canada, the French bartered with the Indians, and from
here their hardy soldiers, priests, traders and voyag-eurs explored the vast wilderness beyond, building forts, establishing
missions and trading posts, and planting settlements on all the
great rivers and lakes. From here, until long after the British
occupation, the wants of the Indians were supplied in exchange
for furs and peltries, and in this trade Montreal grew rich.
From here for a thousand miles we have the choice of two
routes.
12 You may go from Montreal through the farms and orchards
of Ontario to Toronto, the second city of Canada in importance,
much younger than Montreal, but closely growing in the extent
of its trade and industries, and hoping soon to surpass its
older rival in both—a modern and handsomely built city, where
the solidity and culture of the older East is combined with the
brightness and eager activity of the newer West. Here, as at
Montreal, many railway lines reach out through the prosperous
province of Ontario and to the United States. Toronto is a
charming city and shows unmistakable evidence of extensive
commerce and great prosperity.     From here we may in a few
Canadian   Pacific   Upper   Lake  Steamer
hours visit Niagara by way of Hamilton, and the fruit growing
districts of southern Ontario, and then resuming our westward
journey by one of the,Canadian Pacific lines, four hours will
bring us to Owen Sound, on Georgian Bay, and one of the trim
Clyde-built steel steamships of the Railway Company will take
us in less than two days across Lake Huron and through the
straits of Sault Ste. Marie, where we will be lifted by an enormous
lock to the level of Lake Superior, and then across this greatest of
fresh water seas to Fort William, on Thunder Bay, where the
western section of the Canadian Pacific Railway begins.
13 FROM   MONTREAL WESTWARD
We glide out of the Windsor Street passenger station, an
imposing Romanesque structure, and from a viaduct of masonry
arches look down upon the house-tops until we leave the city
behind. Then we pass through the fruitful orchards of the
Island of Montreal, cross two mouths of the Ottawa River—at
Ste. Anne, immortalized by Tom Moore's Canadian Boat Song,
and at Vaudreuil—and for a time we are still among the old
French  settlements,   as  is  evidenced  by  the  pretty  cottages.
Parliament Buildings, Ottawa.
There is an air of thrift and comfort everywhere. The broad and
beautiful Ottawa River is followed, and across the stream loom
the Laurentians, oldest of the world's mountains. The province
of Ontario is entered 45 miles from Montreal. Villages are passed
in close succession, and soon we run alongside the Rideau canal
into Ottawa, the beautiful Capital of the Dominion, and the
Washington of Canada. Then the Ottawa is crossed and,
circling around Hull, recrossed to the Union station.    High up
14 there on a bold cliff overlooking, the river, are the Government
Buildings and Houses of Parliament with their noble Gothic
towers and many pinnacles, making a magnificent group. Away
to the left is Rideau Hall, the residence of the Governor-General,
and stretching far over the heights beyond are acres, perhaps
miles, of great square piles of lumber, and the cloud that rises beyond comes from the Chaudiere Falls, where the whole volume
of the Ottawa takes a tumble, and is made to furnish power to a
host of sawmills and manufactories.
The railway carriages to which you are accustomed now
appear dwarfed by comparison with those in our train which
seem to be proportioned in keeping with the length and breadth
of the land.    The dining car is elaborately appointed—a marvel
of comfort and convenience,
and we experience a delightful sensation in breakfasting
and dining at our ease and
in luxury as we fly along
through such interesting
scenery. Our sleeping car
is unlike other sleeping cars,
being much larger and far
more luxurious. With its
soft and rich cushions, silken
curtains, thick carpets, deli-
Travelling in Comfort on the Canadian Pacific Ry.       , - , , ..j,   ,
cate carvings and beautiful
decorations, and with its numberless and ingenious appliances for
convenience and comfort it gives us a promise of a delightful
journey.
Gradually the towns become smaller and the farms more
scattered; the valley contracts and deepens, and we are in the
new country. We leave the Ottawa River, and strike across
toward Lake Superior. We are surprised at the thriving villages
that have already sprung up here and there, and at the number of
hardy pioneers who are clearing away the timber and making
honjes for themselves.
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It Sudbury, we find a branch line of railway leading off to
the straits of Sault Ste. Marie, where it connects with other
lines, extending to Duluth and to St. Paul and Minneapolis, and
beyond, which brings this way vast quantities of flour and grain
on its way to the Atlantic seaboard; and here at Sudbury we see
long lines of cars heaped with the products of the mines and
smeltjng furnaces near by, for within a few miles are deposits of
copper and nickel   ores   aggregating  millions of  tons   and  the
Along the Shore of Lake Superior.
numerous columns of smoke rising over the tree-tops indicate
the extent to which they are worked.
We move on through never-ending hills, meadows, forests
and lakes, and now, about 24 hours after leaving Montreal, we
catch glimpses of Lake Superior to our left, and soon we are
running along its precipitous shore. On our right are tree-clad
mountains, and there are rocks in plenty all about.
We cross the Nipigon River, famed for its five pound trout,
run down the shore of Thunder Bay, and stop at the station at
17 Port Arthur, a thousand miles from Montreal. Fort William
is at the mouth of the Kaministikwia River, a short distance
farther down the bay, constitute together the lake terjninus
of the western section of the railway.
The scenery here is more diversified and beautiful thah any
we have yet seen.    The wide emerald green waters of Tl
under
Bay  are enclosed by abrupt black and   purple   basaltic cliffs
on the one side, and by hills rising roll upon roll -on the jother.
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Three Sisters, Canadian Rockies, Canmore.
Here the Kaministikwia River, broad, deep and placid emerges
from a dark forest and joins the waters of Lake Superior, giving
little token that but a few miles back it has made a wild plunge
from a height nearly equalling that of Niagara itself.
We leave the lake and again move west, and for a night and
part of the following day we are in a strange country. The
rivers seem all in a hurry, and we are seldom out of sight of dancing rapids or foaming cataracts.  The deep rock-bound lakes grow
18 larger as we move westward. This is a country full of natural
wealth. Valuable minerals and precious metals abound, and
mining operations are carried on extensively and successfully,
and from here, mainly is procured the timber to supply the
prairies beyond. Right in the heart of this wilderness, thriving
villages are met and an encouraging commencement of farming
is seen; and at the outlet of the Lake-of-the-Woods, we presently
upon half-a-dozen busy sawmills, their chimneys black
st the sky; and standing far above all these, immense ware-'
s, grain elevators and a great flouring-mill.
come
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Some of the Canadian Pacific Grain Elevators,   Fort William, Ont.
As we draw nearer to the prairies we find great sawmills begin
to appear, with piles of lumber awaiting shipment, and at the
stations increasing accumulations of timber to be moved
westward.
We suddenly emerge from among trees and enter the wide
level valley of Red River, and in a little while we cross the river
on a long iron bridge, and enter the magic city of Winnipeg. It
will be well worth your while to stop here for a day.    Notwith-
19 standing all you have been told about it, you can hardly be prepared to find a frontier trading post of yesterday transformed
into a city of over one hundred thousand inhabitants, with miles
of imposing structures, hotels, stores, banks and theatres, with
beautiful churches, schools, and colleges, with tasteful and even
splendid residences, with immense mills and many manufactories,
with far-reaching trade, and with all the evidence of wealth, comfort and cultivation to be found in the cities of a century's
growth.
Main Street, Winnipeg.
And here, in the metropolis of the Great West, the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company has erected a palatial Hotel, in every
way worthy of the royal name it bears. This splendid structure
typifies the marvellous development of the country and the
prosperity of years to be.
While you will find in Winnipeg the key to much that you
will see beyond, you must look beyond for the key to much
you will see in Winnipeg.    Nearly everybody stops at Winnipeg
20 for a longer or shorter time, some to remain permanently, others
to visit the land offices of the Government or of the Railway
Company.
The Rocky Mountains are yet nearly a thousand miles away.
A few short years ago this was a six weeks journey,under the most
(favourable circumstances, and it was counted a good trip when
the old-time ox-trains, carrying goods and supplies to the distant
trading-posts, reached the mountains in three months; but our
stages will be numbered by hours instead of days.
Canadian Pacific, Mount Stephen House, Field, B.C.
Leaving Winnipeg the railway stretches away before us
without curve or deflection as far as the eye can reach, and the
motion of the train is hardly felt as we fly along. As we proceed
westward we imperceptibly reach higher ground, and the country
is checkered with fields of grain, and dotted far into the distance
with farm houses and grain stacks.
21 WHERE THE  BEST WHEAT IN   THE  WORLD   IS
GROWN
One hundred and thirty-three miles from Winnipeg we cross
the Assiniboine River and reach Brandon, next to Winnipeg the
largest city in the Canadian Northwest, a city, in fact, although
but comparatively few years old, with handsome buildings, well-
made streets and an unusual number of large grain elevators and
mills.
Leaving Brandon we have fairly reached the first of the
great prairie steppes, that run one after the other at long intervals
to the Rocky Mountains, and now we are on the real prairie, not a
monotonous, uninteresting plain, but a great billowy ocean of
grass and flowers, now swelling into low hills, again dropping into
Ploughing—Western Canada.
broad basins with gleaming ponds, and broken here and there by
valleys and irregular lines of trees marking the water courses.
The horizon only limits the view; and, as far as the eye can reach,
the prairie is dotted with newly made farms, with great black
squares where the sod has just been turned by the plough, and
with herds of cattle. The short sweet grass, studded with
brilliant flowers covers the land as with carpet, ever changing in
colour as the flowers of the different seasons and places give to it
their predominating hue. The deep black soil of the valley we
left in the morning has given place to a soil of lighter colour,
22 overlying a porous clay, less inviting to the inexperienced agriculturist, but nevertheless of the very highest value, for here is
produced in the greatest perfection the most famous of all
varities of wheat—that known as the "Hard Fyfe Wheat of Manitoba"—and oats as well, and rye, barley, and flax, and gigantic
potatoes, and almost everything that can be grown in a temperate
climate. All these flourish here without appreciable drain upon
the soil. Once here, the British farmer soon forgets all about
fertilizers.
Three hundred and sixty miles from Winnipeg we reach
Regina, the capital of Alberta, situated in the centre of an apparently boundless but very fertile plain.    The buildings here
Reaping—Western^Canada.
have more of a frontier look than those of the larger towns we
have left behind; but it is a busy place, an important centre of
trade, and one of the cities of the future. At Moose jaw, forty-
one miles beyond Regina, the main line is joined by the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railway—which now affords
the shortest route between the Mississippi Valley and the Pacific
Coast.
We are now entering a very paradise for sportsmen. The
lakes become more frequent. Some are salt, some are alkaline,
but most of them are clear and fresh. Wild geese, cranes, ducks,
—a dozen varieties—snipe, plover and curlew, all common
enough throughout the prairies, are found here in myriads.
Waterfowl blacken the   surface  of  the lakes and ponds, long
23 white lines of pelicans disport themselves along the shores, and
we hear, the notes and cries of many strange birds.
We have crossed the high broken country known here as the
Coteau, and far away to the southwest we see the Cypress Hills
appearing as a deep line, and for want of anything else, we watch
these gradually rising as we draw near to them. The railway
skirts their base for many miles, following what seems to be a
broad valley, and crossing many clear little streams making their
way from the hills northward to the Saskatchewan.
From Medicine Hat, 660 miles west of Winnipeg, there
stretches away westward, to the south of the main transcontinental line, the Crowsnest Pass Branch of the Canadian Pacific
Railway which provides a short route to the Kootenay gold fields.
Threshing—Western Canada
This newly constructed line taps the Lethbridge collieries, and
touching the flourishing town of MacLeod, traverses the great
Southern Alberta ranching country, the home of the Cowboy and
the Cattle King. Beyond MacLeod the Rockies rise sharp and
clear out of the western horizon, while the intervening country is
a panorama of undulating prairie upon which vast herds of cattle
graze. As the mountains are neared, the surface of the prairie
becomes seamed with numerous streams, large and small, of
crystal, icy water, flowing toward the Saskatchewan River, fresh
from its source amongst the eternal snows—streams abounding
in trout of various species; and waterfowl, prairie chicken and
other feathered game are here also, and farther on, in the moun-
24 tains, the most venturesome sportsman can gratify his ambition
for grizzly and black bear, elk, and mountain sheep and goat.
The railway enters the Rockies through a narrow pass, guarded on
either side by towering peaks, whose bare bases almost touch the
track, and after skirting Crowsnest Lake, crosses the summit of
the Rockies at an elevation of 4,427 feet, and penetrates the
rapidly developing East Kootenay region Gold and silver and
the baser metals are found in plenty, and here are said to be the
largest undeveloped coal areas in the world.
Let us now return to Medicine Hat and make the journey
on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway which passes
Lake Minnewanka, near Banff.
through an inviting stretch of country—perhaps the most attractive in the world to tourists. Medicine Hat is a finely situated and rapidly growing town, a thousand miles from Lake Superior, on the broad and beautiful Saskatchewan River. Crossing
the river on a long iron bridge, we ascend again to the high prairie,
now a rich pasture dotted with lakelets. Everywhere the flower-
sprinkled sward is marked by the deep, narrow trail of the Buffalo.
The herd of cattle grazing on the knolls indicate the "ranch country;" and here Nature seems to have atoned in part for the
25 scarcity of timber by providing beneath the surface a reservoir
of natural gas, which has been tapped at some of the stations and
made to afford power for pumping water, and light and heat for
the villages, and will soon be utilized in reducing the silver ores
from the mountains not far away.
As we approach Crowfoot Station, all are alive for the first
view of the Wonderful Mountains, yet more than an hundred
miles away; and soon we see them—a glorious line of snowy peaks
The Great Glacier, Canadian   Rockies.
rising straight from the plains and extending the whole length of
the western horizon, seemingly an impenetrable barrier. As we
speed on, peak rises behind peak, then dark bands of forest that
reach up to the snow-line come into view; the snow-fields and
glaciers glisten in the sunlight, and over the rolling tops of foothills the passes are seen, cleft deep into the hearts of the mountains.
26 CANADIAN NATIONAL PARK, BANFF
We are now in the country of the once dreaded Blackfeet,
the most handsome and warlike of all the Indian tribes, but now
peacefully settled on a reservation near by. We have been
running parallel to the tree-lined banks of the Bow River, and
now, crossing its crystal waters, we find ourselves on a beautiful
hill-girt plateau, in the centre of which stands the new city of
Calgary, at the base of the Rocky Mountains, two thousand two
hundred and sixty four miles from Montreal and three thousand
four hundred and sixteen feet above the ocean.
Before us and on either side, the mountains rise in varied
form and in endless  change of aspect, as the lights and shadows
Buffalo, National Park, Banff.
play upon them. Behind us is the great sea of open prairie.
Northward is the wooded district of Edmonton and the North
Saskatchewan, full of moose, elk, bear and all manner of fur bearing animals and winged game, and a most attractive agricultural country as well, with great waterways that lead through
the vast Mackenzie basin to the Arctic regions. Stretching away
one hundred and fifty miles to the United States boundary southward is the Ranch Country; and both these districts are accessible by a railroad extending northward from Calgary to
Edmonton and southward to MacLeod.
27 RANCHING IN CANADA
This is the district where the ranchmen hold sway and a
visit to a ranch is a novel and interesting event. You will find
them all along the foothills, their countless herds feeding far out
on the plain. Cattle and horses graze at will all over the country,
summer and winter alike. The warm "Chinook" winds from
across the mountains keep the ground free from snow in the
winter except for a day or two at a time, and the nutritious and
naturally cured grasses are always within reach of the cattle.
In the spring and autumn all the ranchmen join in the round up to
collect and sort the animals according to the brands of the different
owners, and then the "cowboy'  appears in all his glory.   To look
Cattle Ranching—Western Canada.,
at these splendid riders "cutting out" or separating the animals
from the common herd, lassoing and throwing them, that they
may be branded with the owners mark, or herding a band of
free-born and unbroken horses, is well worth travelling far to see.
The ranchmen are admirable horsemen, with abundant leisure
and unlimited opportunities for sport. All along the base of the
mountains, clear streams come down to the plain at frequent
intervals; coal crops out on the watercourses, and there is timber
in plenty throughout the foot-hills. The soil is rich and deep;
game is abundant and the climate matchless.
28 THE CANADIAN ROCKIES
Leaving Calgary and going westward again, following up the
the valley of the Bow, the gradually increasing river terrace and
the rounded grassy foot-hills on which innumerable horses,
cattle, and sheep are feeding, shut out the mountains for an hour
or two. Suddenly we come
upon them, grand and stern
and close at hand. For more
than six hundred miles and
until we reach the Pacific
they will be constantly with
us. We enter an almost
hidden portal and find ourselves in a valley, between
two great mountain ranges.
At every turn of the valley,
which is an alternation of
precipitous gorges and wide
parks, a new picture presents
itself—seen in all its completeness from the observation car now attached to the
train. The beautiful river
now roars through a narrow
defile, now spreads out into a
placid lake, reflecting the
forests, cliffs and snowy summits, Serrated peaks and
vast pyramids of rock with
curiously contorted and folded strata, are followed by
gigantic' castellated masses, down whose sides cascades fall
thousands of feet. The marvellous clearness of the air brings
out the minutest detail of this Titanic sculpture. Through the
gorges we catch glimpses of glaciers and other strange and
rare sights, for this is the region described by Whymper, the con-
Mount Macdonald, Canadian Rockies. qiieror of the Matterhorn, as "fifty or sixty Switzerlands rolled
into one."
Three hours after leaving Calgary we begin at Canmore to
see coal mines, both anthracite and bituminous, and soon after
stop at the station at Banff, already famous for its hot and
sulphurous springs, which possess wonderful curative powers, and
which have already attracted thousands of people, many of them
from great distances. The district for many miles about has
been reserved by the Canadian Government as a national park,
and much has been done to add to its natural beauty, or rather,
to make its beauties accessible; for in this supremely beautiful
place the hand of man can add but little.    Everybody stops here
Canadian Pacific, Banff Springs Hotel.
for a day or two at least. We shall find luxurious quarters in a
large and handsomely appointed Canadian Pacific Railway hotel,
perched on a hill overlooking the valley of the Bow River. The
river comes down from its glacial sources at the west, plunges
over a precipice beneath the hotel balconies, and, stretching away
through the deep, forested valley, disappears among the distant
mountains at the east. Half a dozen ranges of magnificent
snow-capped mountains centre here, each differing from the
others in form and color; and the converging valleys separating
them afford matchless views in all directions. Well-made
carriage roads and bridle paths lead to the different springs and
wind about among the mountains everywhere.
30 CANADIAN ROCKIES—FIFTY SWITZERLANDS  IN ONE
Resuming our journey, we are soon reminded by the increasing nearness of the field of snow and ice on the mountain-
slopes that we are reaching a great elevation. Thirty-four
miles west of Banff is Laggan, the station for the "Lakes in the
Clouds." A visit to these beautiful lakes is one of the chief
pleasures in a visit to the mountains. They are situated one
above the other, within easy reach of the station. On the
margin of Lake Louise, the first reached, is a picturesque
chalet, a delightful rendezvous of  tourists.    No transcontinental
Lake Louise Chalet, Lakes in the Clouds.
traveller should fail to visit Lake Louise for it is one of nature's
rarest gems of beauty. From it radiate easy paths to the Upper
Lakes—Mirror and Agnes—and to the aptly-named Paradise
Valley, the Valley of the Ten Peaks, and other picturesque spots.
Two hours from Banff our train crosses the "Great Divide," and
we are told that this is the summit of the Rocky Mountains, just
a mile above the sea; but it is the summit only in an engineering
sense, for the mountains still lift their white heads five thousand
tp seven, thousand feet above us, and stretch away to the north-
31 west and the southeast like a great backbone, as indeed they are
—the "backbone of the continent."
Two little streams begin here from a common source. The
waters of one find their way down to the Saskatchewan and into
Hudson Bay, and the other joins the flood which the Columbia
River pours into the Pacific Ocean. Passing three pretty lakes,
deep set in the mountains, we follow the westbound stream down
through a tortuous rock-ribbed canon, where the waters are
dashed to foam in incessant leaps and whirls.    This is the Kick-
Kicking Horse Pass.
ing Horse Pass. Ten miles below the summit we round the base
of Mount Stephen, a stupendous mountain rising directly from
the railway to a height of more than eight thousand feet, holding
on one of its shoulders, and almost over our heads, a glacier,
whose shining green ice, two hundred and forty feet thick, is
slowly crowded over a sheer precipice of dizzy height, and crushed
to atoms below.
32 WONDERFUL SCENERY
On the broad front of the mountain we trace the zig-zag
lines of a tramway coming down from a silver mine somewhere
among the clouds. From the railway, clinging to the mountain
side, we look down upon the river valley, which suddenly widening here, holds between the dark pine-clad mountains a mirrorlike sheet of water, reflecting
with startling fidelity each
peak and precipice.
Here at Field we stand
at the gateway of a region
more wonderful than any
hitherto discovered, superior
in majesty and beauty even
to the far-famed Yosemite.
Hunters following the mountain sheep, after crossing a
high divide a few hours'
ride to the northward of
Field, came to an unknown
valley of such surpassing
loveliness that they were
lost in wonder and amazement. Surrounded by lofty
peaks and tremendous glaciers, it holds a waterfall
so unique that it must prove
a magnet potent enough to attract men from afar. "Takakkaw!"
(It is beautiful!) cried the first Indian who stood by them, and by
this name these falls are known. They are almost 1,200 feet in
height, dropping from the tongue of a glacier into Yoho Valley.
Still following the river, now crossing deep ravines, now
piercing projecting rocky spurs,  now quietly  gliding through
Mt. Burgess and Emerald Lake.
33 level park-like expanses of green sward, with beautiful trees,
pretty lakelets and babbling brooks, with here and there a
sawmill, a slate quarry or some other new industry, we soon
enter a tremendous gorge, whose frowning walls, thousands of
feet high, seem to overhang the boiling stream which frets and
roars at their base, and this we follow for miles, half shut in
from the daylight.
Moraine Lake and Valley of the Ten Peaks.
Two hours from the summit and three thousand feet below
it, the gorge suddenly expands, and we see before us high up
against the sky a jagged line of snowy peaks of new forms and
colors. A wide, deep, forest covered valley intervenes, holding a
broad and rapid river. This is the Columbia. The new mountains before us are the selkirks, and we have now crossed the
Rockies. Sweeping around into the Columbia Valley we have
a glorious mountain view.    To the north and south, as far as
34 the eye can reach, we have the Rockies on the one hand and the
Selkirks on the other, widely differing in aspect, but each indescribably grand. Both rise from the river in a succession of
tree-clad benches, and soon leaving the trees behind, shoot
up into the regions of perpetual snow and ice. Here is the
town of Golden. The railway turns down the Columbia, following one of the river benches through gigantic trees for twenty
miles or more; then crossing the river and following it down
through a great canon, through tunnels and deep rock cuttings,
we shortly enter the Beaver Valley and commence the ascent of
Canadian Pacific Hotel, Moose Jaw.
the Selkirks. and then for twenty miles we cLmb along the
mountain sides through dense forests of enormous trees, until,
near the summit, we find ourselves in the midst of a wonderful
group of peaks of fantastic shapes and many colours. At the
summit itself, four thousand five hundred feet above the tide
water, is a natural resting-place—a broad level area surrounded
by mountain monarchs, all of them in the deadly embrace
of glaciers. Strange under this warm summer's sky, to see this
battle going on between rocks and ice—a battle begun aeons ago
and to continue for aeons to come i
35 THE GREAT GLACIER
Climbing higher and higher, near the summit of the range, is
seen a wonderful group of strangely-shaped glacier-bearing peaks,
and further away one of the largest of all the world's ice-fields—
the Great Glacier of the Selkirks. Here is another of the Company's chalet Hotels, which has become a favorite resting place,
for there are attractions aside from the immense glacier, whose
fore foot extends to within a short distance of the track, rivalling
those at Banff.    There are vast forests clothing the lower slopes
and filling valleys in which game
abound,cascades tumbling thousands
of feet, and glaciers covering miles
of area with gleaming ice, and lofty
peaks that pre-eminently appeal to
the Alpine climber.
Descending westerly from the
summit, we reach in a few minutes
the Glacier House, a delightful hotel,
situated, almost in the face of the
Great Glacier and at the foot of the
grandest of all peaks of the Selkirks
—Sir Donald—an acute pyramid of
naked rock shooting up nearly eight
thousand feet above us. In the
dark valley below we see the glacier-fed IUecillewset glistening through the tree-tops, and beyond and everywhere the
mountains rise in majesty and immensity beyond all comparison. To reach the deep valley below, the engineers wound
the railway in a series of great curves or loops all about the
mountain slopes, a triumph of engineering skill which is presented to us in every aspect. We plunge again for hours through
precipitous gorges, deep and dark, and again cross the Colum-
Swiss Guides, Canadian Rockies.
36 bia River, which has made a great detour around the Selkirk
Mountains, while we have come directly through them. The
river is wider and deeper here and navigated by steamboats
southward for nearly two hundred miles.
On its east bank stands Revelstoke, a supply point for the
mining district up and down the river, and here, perched on a
mountain bench overlooking the river, is a fine hotel.    From here
n_______n
Canadian Pacific Glacier House.
the Kootenay country can also be reached. A branch line will
take us down to Arrowhead at the head of the Upper Arrow Lake,
and from thence elegantly appointed and speedy steamers,through
the long and beautiful stretch of the Upper Lake, to all points in
this famed region—to .the Slocan, to Kootenay Lake, to Nelson,
Trail and Rossland and into the Boundary country, this being
the easiest way to this section from the Pacific Coast.
37 BRITISH COLUMBIA
But if we continue on our journey to the Pacific, we are
at once confronted by the Gold Range, another grand snow-clad
series of mountains, but broken directly across, and offering no
obstacle to the railway. The grandeur of the mountain scenery
is not wanting until the lake region of British Columbia is reached.
The Great Shuswap Lake is a remarkable body of water, an arm
of which is crossed to Sicamous Junction, from which a branch
railway penetrates the famed Okanagan country, a region of
Okanagan Lake, B.C.
great beauty, which affords unending delight to the holiday seeker
and the sportsman. There are caribou and bear, mountain sheep
and mountain goat and deer and smaller game in plenty, and the
waters are filled with fish. A delightful fisherman's retreat has
been provided at Sicamous. Here, amid the most glorious scenery,
the man fond of rod and gun may have his fill of each for once. There are many points of interest along the railway lines
between Sicamous and the Coast. A delightful health and
pleasure resort is the pretty little city of Kamloops, in the great
basin between the Gold and Coast ranges, where the absolute
requirements of salubrious climate and pleasant surroundings are
happily combined in the highest degree.
Savonas, where valuable quicksilver deposits have been
discovered, is at the further end of Kamloops Lake, near where
the wonderful canon of the Thompson begins.
The view here changes from the grand to the terrible. The
angry waters of the  Thompson which  cuts its way through a
Canadian Pacific Hotel at Sicamous, B.C.
winding gorge of almost terrifying gloom and desolation,
fitly named the "Black Canon." Hundreds of feet above the
river is the railway, notched into the face of the cliffs, now and
then crossing the great chasm by a tall viaduct or disappearing
in a tunnel through a projecting spur of rock. North Bend, in
the midst of the awe-inspiring surroundings of the ferocious
Fraser canon, is a desirable headquarters for those who intend
to explore the wonderful canons. Here the famous flowers of
British Columbia are to be found in great profusion.
39 At Yale the canon ends and the river widens out, but we
have mountains yet in plenty, at times receding and then drawing near again. At Steveston one is met with a curious cosmopolitan life, including the Japanese and Chinese settlements and
Indian camps, the fishermen, white, Indian and Japanese,
and their many craft.
A gleaming white cone rises toward the southeast.    It is
Mount Baker, sixty miles away and fourteen thousand feet above
Yale,  B.C.
us. We cross large rivers flowing into the Fraser, all moving
slowly as if resting after their tumultuous passage down between
the mountain ranges As the valley widens out, farms and orchards become more and more frequent. Touching the Fraser
River now and then, we see an occasional steamboat, and here
in the lower part the water is dotted with Indian canoes, all engaged in catching salmon, which visit these rivers in astonishing
numbers, and which, when caught, are frozen and sent eastwards
40 by the railway or canned in great quantities and shipped to all
parts of the world.
At Mission Junction a branch line turns off to the south,
crossing the Fraser River immediately and connecting at the
international boundary with railways extending along Puget
Sound to Seattle, Tacoma, Portland and San Francisco, and all
the way to the Gulf of California, passing in turn those glorious
Canadian Pacific Hotel, Vancouver, B.C.
isolated mountain  peaks   that   stud  the Pacific Coast—Baker,
Tacoma, Hood and Shasta.
Passing through a forest of mammoth trees, some of them
twelve feet or more in diameter, and nearly three hundred feet
high, we find ourselves on the tide-waters of the Pacific at the
eastern extremity of Burrard Inlet. Following down the shore of
this mountain-girt inlet for half an hour, our train rolls into the
41 handsome new station at Vancouver, the largest city of
British Columbia and the Pacific terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Until May, 1886, its site was covered
with a dense forest. From May to July its growth was most
rapid, but in July a fire, spreading from the surrounding forest,
swept away every house but one in the place, and, with this one
exception, every building now seen has been erected since that
time. It has already extensive wharves and warehouses ; many
hotels, the Vancouver, which has recently been rebuilt, being a
splendid and handsomely appointed structure.    The views from
Station and Divisional _Offices, Vancouver, B.C.
this hotel are very striking. Far away to the southeast Mount
Baker looms up all white and serene. At the north, and rising
directly from the sea,is a beautiful group of the Cascade Mountains,
the Mountains of Vancouver Island across the water at the west,
and the Olympics at the south-west. Down at the water's edge,
steamships from China and Japan, Australia and New Zealand, Fiji, Hawaiian Islands, California, Puget Sound and
Alaska, are discharging or taking in cargoes. The great white
steamship, that catches the  eye  first  among all the  shipping
42 in the harbor, is the "Empress of India," one of the three swift and
splendid twin-screw steamships that have been placed on the
route between Vancouver and Japan and China by the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company. It is here we realize the nearness of the
Orient. Nearby is another fine steamship of the first class; one of
the line to Honolulu (Hawaii), Suva (Fiji), and Brisbane and
Sydney, Australia. A few miles away is New Westminster, on
the Fraser, one of the old towns of British Columbia, and the
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
columns of smoke rising in that direction tell us of its extensive
salmon canneries and sawmills. A stay of a week at Vancouver
will be well rewarded. A splendid Canadian Pacific steamship, the
Princess Victoria, connects with Victoria daily, a ferriage of about
four hours through a beautiful archipelago. The city is charmingly
situated at the southern extremity of Vancouver Island, overlooking the Straits of Fuca to the Pacific, and beyond the Gulf of
Georgia, the mainland.    The climate is that of the south of
43 England, and the town is peculiarly English, in all its characteristics.
Besides the magnificent Government buildings, which rank
amongst the handsomest in America, the City has many fine
public and private structures, and the Canadian Pacific Railway
has erected an elegant hotel. Beacon Hill Park affords a fine
view of the waters and the mountains on every side. The city
has an extensive trade, and many large commercial houses which
do a very large outfitting trade for the Yukon. Steamers from
and to Vancouver for Japan, China, the Hawaiian and Fijian
Islands,  and Australia, stop at Victoria   for   passengers,   and
The Princess Victoria, Canadian Pacific Vancouver-Victoria Service Steamer.
there are regular sailings for Alaskan points, both for tourists
visiting the wonderful fiords of the north coast, and those intending to explore the great gold-belt of the Yukon. Esquimalt
Harbor, two miles from Victoria, was formerly the British Naval
Station and rendezvous on the North Pacific, with naval storehouses, workshops, graving docks, etc.
And of our journey thus far via the Highway to the Orient
it can be said, we have seen more than words can describe.
One thought has impressed itself in a persistent way, and that is
—the vastness of the country and its enormous resources; two of
the great factors in making Canada a Nation.
44 THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY "EMPRESS" ROUTE
TO JAPAN AND CHINA
From the beautiful cities of Vancouver and Victoria sail
the' matchless Royal Mail "Empress" liners of the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company, and running in connection with that
great transcontinental highway. Their route is through the
most favoured zone in the Pacific, and a voyage on one of these
handsome ships across the placid Ocean to Japan and China is
a memorable pleasure. These vessels are in every respect the
finest ocean craft sailing the Pacific, and their route is 300 miles
shorter than that of any other transpacific line. In size, service, decorations,  furnishings,  bathrooms,  offices  and general
Canadian Pacific Railway Company's " Empress of Japan" in Shanghai Harbour.
arrangements, the accommodations of the "Empress" steamships leave nothing to be desired.
But it is westward to the flowery Kingdom, to lovely Japan,
whose scenic beauty is the admiration of all the world. It supplies to the artist endless models, and to the literary man abundant subjects of inspiration. Wherever a tourist may go he is
sure to find charming views, for nature seems to have spared no
trouble in composing her masterpieces here in Japan. Another
great attraction to visitors to Japan is the existence of so many
mineral springs, both hot and cold, and they are distributed
45 everywhere throughout the land within easy reach of any town.
In all the large cities hotels have been built and are kept in modern style, and even the native inns in smaller towns are clean
and comfortable for foreign travellers.
In about eleven days after leaving the shores of British
Columbia the steamship is in Japanese waters, the first port
reached being Yokohama, where the tourist gets his first glimpse
of Mt. Fujiyama. There is hurry and bustle; steam launches
bear down upon the arriving ship and carry
passengers and mails ashore. At Yokohama
one beholds the splendor of the Orient and
its fascinating atmosphere. And here it is
possible to understand the rapid growth of
Japan, a growth that has been the wonder
of the world. Japanese were sent to learn,
and foreigners came to teach, the Occidental
civilization in all its spheres: everything has
undergone a complete change. In a word,
the Occidental civilization has been transplanted in the Far East, and seems to have
taken a firm root.
Japan has become the goal of all who
travel for pleasure, and the excellent hotels
and the foreign life and interests of Yokohama tempt the tourist to linger there.
Besides wandering through the streets of
open-fronted shops, watching the mercantile and domestic dramas enacted there,
and enjoying the succession of living Japanese
tableaux, shopping is the chief amusement of the tourist in
Yokohama. It is therefore a most interesting time to visit this
charming country, while yet most of the old life remains, and
ancient domestic customs and traditions surprise and delight
the stranger.
The temples of Nikko, the bazaars of Osaka, the commerce
of Nagasaki and the antiquities of Kioto can be seen as easily
46
Pagoda, near Shanghai. Temple in Osaka, Japan. and conveniently as if they were in the neighborhood of anXi
European or American city. By consulting "Westward to the
Far East," issued by the Canadian Pacific Railway Co., it will be
seen that there are a number of trips to be made in Japan, taking Yokohama as a starting point. Tokyo, Kioto, Nagasaki,
Fujiyama, the sacred mount, whose general appearance a thousand Japanese artists have made familiar to the world.
There are railways to the chief cities, and a Japanese company has steamers plying between Yokohama and the ports.
Most of the leading foreign firms doing business in Japan are
represented at Kobe. It is the starting point for Osaka, one of
the brightest and most attractive of Japanese cities, and also for
Kioto, as well as for other interesting points. From Kobe the
steamer route lies through the inland Sea and on to Nagasaki.
The passage of this lovely island-dotted water will suggest to
the American or Canadian traveller the Thousand Islands of the
St. Lawrence. Nagasaki is one of the most interesting cities of
Japan. It was the first city and for two centuries the only one
at which foreigners were permitted to trade.
But should the tourist desire to proceed by rail from Yokohama to Tokyo, he will find the railway follows the shore of the
bay closely for the eighteen miles. The legations are all on the
high ground south and west of the palace moats and through his
diplomatic representative the -tourist may beg the privilege of
visiting the Imperial Hama Rikiu Garden and the Arsenal
Garden, which was formerly the park of Mito Yashiki. Only
those bidden to imperial audiences may enter the Emperor's
Palace. The Bazaars, Zoological and Botanical Gardens and
Government Museums are interesting sights. The Iris Gardens
of Hori Kiri afford an unique flower show in mid-June that the
tourist should go far to see. The opening of the river at the
end of June is another characteristic and picturesque fete of the
capital, when the summer boat life begins.
There is no accepted drive or promenade where the great
world of Tokyo gathers for its afternoon airing, no Rotten Row
nor particular boulevard.    Any day the Emperor and his suite
48 Q.
< may pass by, but each spring and autumn the Sovereign and the
Court lend splendor to the review of troops held at the Hibiya
parade ground. At the Kudan and Uyeno race tracks high life
and sporting circles meet twice a year. Owing to the shape
and the vast extent of the city, it is impossible to combine all
the chief sights in a single round. The best plan is to take them
in groups, according to the direction in which they lie.
The Shiba Temples, which are among the chief marvels of
Japanese art should, if possible, be visited on the forenoon of a
fine day.    Otherwise- their situation,  and the black boarding
Jinrikisha Riding in Tokyo.
which has been put up to ward off the attacks of the weather,
will interfere with a proper enjoyment of their minutely elaborate decorations.
Ueno Park is the most popular resort in the metropolis, and
has been the site of many exhibitions. Here, in April, all Tokyo
assembles to admire the wonderful mass of cherry-blossom,
and it is a beautiful sight to see the belles of the capital being
50 whirled along in their jinrikishas beneath the masses of pink
and white flowers with which the trees are laden.
A run of about four hundred miles from Nagasaki brings
the tourist to the Woosung River, on which Shanghai is situated.
There is a Chinese town at Woosung, where passengers are
transferred into smaller steamers for Shanghai, and about
a   dozen  miles  up   the   river   the
great  mercantile  centre
ol
English Settlement, Shanghai.
Northern China is reached. Besides the Chinese town, there are
three foreign settlements, the English, American and French.
There is no want of social intermingling and amusement amongst
the residents. In each of the settlements there is a good hotel.
If time permits, the tourist can take a steamer to Hankow, the
great tea port, on the road to which he will pass Nankin, one of
the most celebrated of the cities of China, but one which, not
61 being a treaty port, is closed to foreign trade. From Shanghai
connecting steamers run to Tientsin, the port, of Pekin and other
ports. Southward the traveller continues his journey in the
Canadian Pacific Railway Co's steamer and anchors at Hong
Kong.
Situated on the steep slope of a mountain, Hong Kong, as
it rises from the sea, and terrace by terrace climbs the eighteen
hundred feet to the,summit of the peak, is as "superb" as
Genoa and looks upon one of the world's most beautiful harbours.
The length of the island is eleven miles, and its width varies
from two to four miles. There are less than 10,000 Europeans
in the colony, but a Chinese population of 200.000 has settled
around them, although really confined to the western end of the
lower levels of the town. The Clock Tower is the centre from
which all distances are measured, and the banks, clubs and
shipping offices are in the immediate neighborhood. Queen's
Road presents a continuous double arcade of shops for a mile
and more, all the silver, silk, ivory, lacquer, porcelain, carved
wood and ornamental products of South China industries fil'ing
windows and rooms.
In two hours one may go from Hong Kong to Macao, a
three century-old Portuguese town on the mainland, see its
ancient forts, the gardens and grotto where Camoens wrote his
poems; watch the' white and Chinese gamblers in this Monte
Carlo of the Far East; view the loading of opium cargoes; rest
at an excellent hotel, and enjoy the sea baths.
In Canton one visits the Temple of Five Hundred Genii;
the Water Clock in the temple on the walls; the Temple of
Horrors, with a courtyard full of fortune-tellers and beggars;
the Execution Ground, Examination Hall, and the five-storey
pagoda on the city walls. Returning across the city, one visits
the flowery Pagoda, the ruin of a once splendid marble structure," the old English Yaamen, where the first foreign legation
was housed in 1842;  the Temple of the Five Genii, the Magis-
52 trates' Court, the City Prison, and the Green Tea Merchants
Guild Hall, and returns in time for tea, and a walk through the
quiet, banyan-shaded avenues and along the Bund of Shameen.
Canton is a city of Oriental riches and barbaric splendor, the
city of the greatest wealth and the direst poverty, where one
sees narrow, seething thoroughfares, the blaze of gold and vermilion, where, if the Queen   of Sheba did not live, she certainly
Tea Gardens near Kyoto.  .
went a-shopping. Theatres are many; shops of theatrical
wardrobes are endless in one quarter; dealers in old costumes
abound; and there are pawn shops and curio shops without end,
where imitations and counterfeits of everything Chinese delude
the credulous tourist who returns to Hong Kong where the seaways diverge like the spokes of a wheel to all the ends of the
earth, and where he may take ship to any country of the
globe.
53 THE  CANADIAN-AUSTRALIAN   SERVICE
ROYAL JVIAIL  LINE
What is now considered an ideal journey is that to the
South Sea Islands, New Zealand and Australia via the great
transcontinental line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It is all
the more attractive in view of the fact that, from any point in
America, connection can be made with the railway and enables
the tourist to see and
enjoy the wonders of
the Canadian Rockies
prior to embarking on
his voyage across the
Pacific.
The steamships Mah-
eno, Moana, Miowera
and Aorangi are models
of modern marine architecture, and were specially constructed on a
plan designed for the
service of these waters.
The vessels are elaborately and luxuriantly
furnished, and lighted
by electricity. The dining rooms are magnificent apartments, extending the full width
of the vessels, and a choice cuisine is provided. The social,
ladies', music and smoking rooms are spacious and pleasantly
situated; and the staterooms, which are on the upper deck
are  exceptionally large, well  ventilated and fitted with every
Picking Cocoanuts at  Christmas.
54 convenience, and there is an ample number of marble baths.
The promenade decks are of unusual length and area. In every
way the comfort of the passengers has been carefully considered.
As the ship leaves Vancouver and Victoria and passes
down the Gulf of Georgia and out. through the Straits of Juan
de Fuca, there comes the feeling that she is heading towards the
Along the Coast of Hawaii.
land of eternal Spring, and the traveller anticipates the enjoyment to be obtained in the Isles of equable climate and perpetual bloom. He remembers what he has read and heard of the
Southern Seas, and when the steamer is nearing the Hawaiian
Islands, "The Paradise of the Pacific," over the placid surface
of this rightly-named Ocean, he feels the journey is something
to remember.
55 HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS
The Hawaiian Islands have been the theme of praise ever
since tourists landed on their shores, for here we find abundant
material for descriptive writing, whether it be drives through a
riot of tropical groves or visits to the grandest active volcanoes
Avenue of Royal Palms, Honolulu.
of the world. Hawaii appeals forcibly to the tourist and the seeker for a tropical life. The trade winds and the constant sunshine
are a happy combination, the resultant equable climate is a
delightful change to one   accustomed to other lands.    Honolulu
50 is one of the progressive cities of the world, with all modern
improvements, including electric light, excellent hotels and
electric car lines, the latter running to the summit of the hills
surrounding the city. But language is weak to describe these
lovely   isles   and   their   wonderful   attractions.
The acquisition of the Hawaiian Islands by the United States
has opened to pleasure and health-seeking tourists a delightful
semi-tropical country of virgin beauty and unrivalled attractiveness—a new world to the people of the United Sates and Canada, in
which the resources of modern civilization contribute materially to an easy and pleasurable exploration. The climatic conditions render this lovely mid-ocean group of islands a charming resort at all seasons of the year, but especially during our
winter months it offers an incomparable retreat for the delicately constituted.
FIJI   AND  SUVA
Crossing the equator and onward through a succession
of islands we behold the Fijian mountains soaring aloft above
the south-eastern hozizon. Suva, the capital, is at the foot of
the hills embowered in tropical vegetation and here we enjoy
the fragrance of perfumed winds and the luxuriance of tropical
life. At Suva we find a people whose simplicity has not been
spoiled by contact with the inhabitants of the outer world;
indeed their happy disposition is proverbial, and the traveller
leaving these shores carries with him pleasant memories of the
Fijian people and their hospitality.
57 AUSTRALIA
On arriving at Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, we find
ourselves in a handsome modern city with excellent hotels,
parks and numerous sights, not the least of which is the famous
botanical gardens. The day ashore seems all too short for the
enjoyment of the many good things to be seen in Brisbane, but
we must continue our journey to the metropolis of New South
Wales and eventually find ourselves in Sydney's famous harbour.
This metropolis possesses splendid parks and public buildings,
and is thoroughly up-to-date. The railway journey to Melbourne, the capital of Victoria, takes us through a land of great
interest which is intensified on arriving at our destination to
Sydney Harbor, Australia.
find a thoroughly American city whose growth has been marvellous and whose public buildings, parks, zoological gardens, etc.,
excite the admiration of travellers.
Australia is a sunny land, blessed with enormous pastoral
wealth and literally underlaid with gold. Railways run everywhere, and excellent steamers ply to points along the coast.
Great sheep stations spread over the land and fill the seaports
with enormous warehouses. As the outcome of this vast wealth,
the horse racing and out-door sports of Australia are beyond
question better than those of any other country, not excepting
Great Britain and the United States.
58 Here, too, the traveller may engage in a kangaroo hunt,
rnay see the black fellows throw the boomerang, or find in their
native fastness those birds and animals which live nowhere else
than on this great island continent. The future importance to
the commercial as well as to the political world of this rising
empire in the southern ocean, the great opportunities that exist
for opening or discovering new fields for commerce in countries
so rich and yet so partially exploited, and the charm of travelling
with European or northern associations through a semi-tropical
country of the Southern Hemisphere, make the Australian Commonwealth a most inviting region for travel, and in a land so
pleasant, and presenting such varied features, the tourist may
spend a practically unlimited time in unbroken comfort, with a
fresh  experience for each  day.
The world's interest in these colonies has of late years been
largely increased by the development of their commerce as well
as by their political growth and aspirations. Sydney and Melbourne are now only two of the important cities instead of being,
as they once were, the only two. Adelaide, Brisbane and others
are rushing to the front of southern cities, and personal observation, while satisfying those who desire to understand the present and possible future of Great Britain in the south seas, is
made an agreeable task.
There are numerous pleasant towns within rail communication of Melbourne, along the shores of Hobson's Bay- St. Kilda,
Brighton, Geelong, etc. From Melbourne and from Sydney
there is steamship communication with Tasmania, across Bass
Straits, 120 miles wide, south of Victoria, which possesses a
climate, situation and salubrity amongst the most favoured of
the Australian colonies. The two chief towns are Launceston,
on the north coast, and Hobart, the capital, on the south. A
railway connects the two.
59 NEW   ZEALAND
New Zealand is in many respects the most interesting
of the islands in these southern seas. The various regions where
Nature has been most prodigal in.bestowing her wealth of scenic
grandeur and loveliness are accessible either by road, rail or
steamer without inconvenience and at comparatively light expense. The immense sheep
and cattle runs are objects of
interest to the stranger, who
has not "done" New Zealand
without visiting one or more
of these stock farms and seeing the magnificent scale on
which operations are conducted.
In the return from Austra-
Street Scene, Melbourne, Australia. K.a_   aH(J   after  some   ten (Jays
steady steaming, the great yacht-like steamship should be off
Cape Flattery, the first sight of America; a few hours later and
the delightful voyage will be over.
The mighty engines cease their throbbing for a few moments
near the almost landlocked harbor at the head of which nestles
Victoria, and a few hours later the vessel turns and twists amid
the crowded shipping of Vancouver harbor as handily as a launch
and comes to rest alongside the wharf, from which the shining
steel rails reach out across the continent and promise a rapid
ending to the homeward journey.
0<=>00<=>0
CO p
UBLICATIONS
Issued by the
Canadian Pacific
Railway Co.
" THE HIGHWAY TO  THE ORIENT"        "SUMMER TOURS'*
"HINTS ABOUT CAMPING"       "OPEN SEASONS FOR FISH AND GAME "
"FISHING AND SHOOTING"       " SPORTMAN S MAP OF CANADA"
"CHINA AND JAPAN HANDBOOK"       "WESTWARD TO THE FAR EAST"
"HOMEWARD BOUND FROM CALIFORNIA"
"ANNOTATED TIME-TABLE "—East and West Bound "AROUND THE WORLD"
" CLIMATES OF CANADA "        " QUEBEC "       " MONTREAL "
"COMPARTMENT CARS"      " TOURIST CARS"
"ACROSS CANADA TO AUSTRALASIA'
"ST. ANDREWS BY-THE-SEA"
"THE GLACIERS"
"THE CHALLENGE OF THE MOUNTAINS'
BANFF'
"WESTERN CANADA"
"EMPRESSES OF THE ATLANTIC
"BRITISH COLUMBIA"
"CALEDONIA SPRINGS HOTEL'
These publications are handsomely illustrated, and contain much useful information
in interesting shape. Time-Tables with Notes will be found a valuable companion for all
Transcontinental travellers.
Copies may be obtained FREE from Agents of the Company, or will be mailed (o
any address on application to undersigned.
The Company has also published a Map, on the polar projection, showing the whole
of the northern hemisphere, and the Canadian Pacific Railway's Around the World Route
in a novel and interesting way, and another of Canada and the northern half of the United
States, showing the entire system of the Company in detail. A sporting map of Canada,
showing the best regions for fish and game, is also issued. These maps will be given away
for public and prominent display.
C.  B.  FOSTER
District Passenger Agent
71 Yonge Street, Toronto
F.  R.  PERRY
District Passenger Agent
362 Washington Street, Boston
W.  R.  CALLAWAY
General Passenger Agent
Soo Line, Minneapolis
M. ADSON
General Passenger Agent
Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Ry,
Duluth, Minn.
A.  C.SHAW
General Agent, Passenger Dept.
232 South Clark St., Chicago, 111.
E. J.  COYLE
Asst. General Passenger Agent
Vancouver, B. C.
W. B. HOWARD
Acting District Passenger Agent
St. John, N. B.
E.  V.  SKINNER
Assistant Traffic Manager
458 Broadway, New York
C. E. McPHERSON, General Passenger Agent' Western Lines, Winnipeg
C.  E.  E. TJSSHER, General Passenger Agent, Eastern Lines, Montreal.
ROBERT KERR, Passenger Traffic Manager, Montreal.
A. E. EDMONDS
City Passenger Agent
7 Fort Street West, Detroit, Mich.
M.  M.  STERN
District Passenger Agent
The Nave, Ferry Building, San Francisco
W. T. PAYNE
General Traffic Agent for Japan
Yokohama, Japan
UNION SS.  CO. OF N.Z.,  LTD.
Managing Agents
Auckland, N.Z,
WILLIAM STITT
General Passenger Agent
Canadian-Australian Lne,
Sydney, Australia
D.  E.  BROWN
General Agent China and Japan, etc.
Hong Kong
ALLAN CAMERON
General Traffic .Agent,
62-65 Charing Cross,    -    -    S.W. \ London
67   and   6S King William St., E.C. /   Eng.
67 St. Vincent Street, Glasgow
24 James Street, Liverpool CANADIAN  PACIFIC  HOTELS
While the perfect sleeping and dining car service of the Canadian Pacific Railway furnishes every comfort and'luxury for travellers making the continuous overland through trip,
it has been found necessary to provide places at the principal points of interest among the
mountains where tourists and others might explore and enioy the magnificent scenery.
The Company has erected at convenient points hotels, which, by their special excellence,
add another to the many elements of superiority for which the Railway is famous.
ALGONQUIN HOTEL,
at St. Andrews-by-the-Sea, the popular Atlantic Seaside Resort, is situated on a peninsula
five miles long, extending into Passamaquoddy Bay, which is seventeen miles long by six
miles wide. Good deep sea and fresh water fishing may be enjoyed; the roads are perfect,
making driving and cycling most enjoyable. The facilities for yachting and boating cannot be surpassed and there are golf links that have no superior in Canada. The attractiveness of St. Andrews-by the-Sea bring people seeking rest and relaxation from different parts
of the continent.
The Algonquin Hotel, on which a large expenditure has recently been made in improvements   offers every modern accommodation for tourists.
The   hotel rates   are  from $3.50 per   day upwards.    Special rates  to those   making
prolonged visits.
McADAM HOTEL,
is situated at McAdam June, N.B., and offers the visitor in search of sport a choice of
routes through the whole province.      It gives  him, too, an outing at a summer retreat,
free from the heat and crowds of the fashionable resorts, whence the hunting and fishing
grounds are easily accessible.
The rates are from $2.50 per day upwards.
THE CHATEAU FRONTENAC,
at Quebec, the quaintest and historically the most interesting city in America, is one of
the fiinest hotels on the continent. It is fireproof, and occupies a commanding position
overlooking the St. Lawrence, its site being, perhaps, the grandest in the world. The
Chateau Frontenac was erected at a cost of over _ a million of dollars. Great taste
marks the furnishing, fitting and decorating of this imposing structure in which comfort
and elegance are combined to an unequalled extent.
Rates, $4.00 per day and upwards, with special arrangements for large parties and
those making prolonged visits.
For view of Chateau Frontenac, see page 8.
THE PLACE VIGER,
at Montreal, is a handsome new structure in which are combined a hotel and station.The
building which faces Place Viger is most elaborately furnished and modernly appointed,
the general style and elegance characterizing the Chateau Frontenac, at Quebec, being
followed.
Rates, $3.50 per day and upwards, with special arrangements for large parties or those
making a prolonged stay.
THE KAMINISTIKWIA,
at Fort William, the western terminus of the Lake Route and of the Eastern Division of
the C.P.R., is an excellent, well-appointed hotel in every respect, which offers many unique
attraction as a vacation home for those in pursuit of rest and recreation in the picturesque
region at the head of Lake Spperior.
The hotel rates are from $2.50 per day  upwards, with special rates to large parties
or those making an extended visit.
MOOSE JAW HOTEL,
a new hotel erected at Moose JawT, in the Canadian North West, at the junction of the Soo-
Pacific road with the main line of the C.P.R.    The hotel is modernly appointed and elegantly
furnished.
Rates, $3.00 per day, with reductions to those making prolonged visits.
BANFF SPRINGS HOTEL
at Banff, in the Canadian National Park, on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, is
placed on a high mountain promontory 1,500 feet above the sea level, at the conflunence
of the Bow and Spray rivers, and is a large and handsome structure, with every convenience
that modern ingenuity can suggest, and costing over half a million of dollars. While it is
not intended to be a sanitarium, in the usual sense, the needs and comforts of invalids are
fully provided for. The Hot Sulphur Springs, with which the region abound, vary in temperature from 80 to 121 degrees, and bathing facilities are provided by the hotel. The springs
are much like those of Arkansas, and the apparently greater curative properties of the
water are no doubt due to the cool, dry air of the mountains.
Game is pentiful, and Lake Minnewanka, not far away, a mile or two in width and
fifteen miles long, affords excellent sport in deep trolling for trout.
Swiss Guides are stationed here and at the Lake Louise Chalet, Field and Great Glacier
'House to accompany tourists to points of attraction.
The hotel rates are from $3.50 per day upwards, according to the rooms.    Special
rates to those making prolonged visits. Canadian Pacific Hotels—Continued.
THE LAKE LOUISE CHALET
This quiet resting place in the mountains is situated on the margin of Lake Louise,
about two miles distant from the station at Laggan, from which there is a good carriage
drive, and is an excellent vantage point for tourists and explorers desiring to see the lakes
and the adjacent scenery at their leisure.
The rates are $3.50 per day up. Apply to Manager, Mount Stephen House, Field,
B. C. to 15 June and to Lake Louise Chalet, Laggan.
MOUNT STEPHEN  HOUSE.
is a pretty chalet-like hotel, recently enlarged, fifty miles west of Banff in Kicking Horse
Canon, at the base of Mount Stephen—the chief peak of the Rockies, towering 8,000 feet
above. This is a favorite place for tourists, mountain climbers and artists, and sport is
plentiful, Emerald Lake, one of the most picturesque mountain waters, being within easy
distance.    The famous Yoho Valley is reached from Field.
The rates are $3 00 per day and upwards, with special arrangements for parties making
prolonged visits.
EMERALD LAKE CHALET.
is a swiss Chalet situated on margin of_ Emerald Lake, near Field, and affords splendid
accommodation for those wishing to remain at the Lake, or who intend visiting the famous
Yoho Valley, to which excellent trails lead from this point.
The rates are from $3.00 per day upwards. Special rates to those making prolonged
visits.
GLACIER HOUSE.
is situated in the heart of the Selkirks, within thirty minutes' walk of the Great Glacier,
which covers an area of about thirty-eight square miles.
The hotel, which has recently been enlarged several times, to accommodate the ever-
increasing travel, is in a beautiful amphitheatre surrounded by lofty mountains, of which
Sir Donald, rising 8,000 feet above the railway, is the most prominent. ■ The dense forests
all about are filled with the music of restless brooks, which will irresistibly attract the trout
fisherman, and the hunter for large game can have his choice of big horns, mountain goats,
grizzly and mountain bears. The main point of interest, however, is the Great Glacier.
One may safely climb upon its wrinkled surface, or penetrate its water-worn caves.
The rates are $3.50 per day and upwards.with special arrangements for parties making
prolonged visits.
HOTEL REVELSTOKE,
at Revelstoke, B.C., in the basin of the Columbia between the Selkirk and the Gold ranges,
and a gateway to the West Kootenay_ mining region. The hotel is perched on a mountain
bench directly above the railway station, and is surrounded on all sides by majestic mountains. Immediately opposite the hotel, and fifteen miles away, lies the Begbie Glacier,
one of the grandest in British Columbia, amongst the highest peaks.
The rates are $3.00 per day and upwards with special arrangements for parties making
prolonged visits.
HOTEL SICAMOUS,
at Sicamous, B.C., a fine new structure, built on the shores of the Shuswap Lakes where
the Okanagan branch of the C. P. R. leads south to the Okanagan Valley and the contiguous mining country.    The hotel is handsomely furnished and has all modern appointments and conveniences.    A houseboat for sportsmen and tourists can be obtained here.
Rates $3.00 per day and upwards, with reductions to those making prolonged visits.
HOTEL VANCOUVER,
at Vancouver, B C, is the Pacific Coast terminus of the Railway. This magnificient hotel,
now being enlarged, is designed to accommodate the large commercial business of the place,
as well as the great number of tourists who always find it profitable and interesting to make
here a stop of a day_ or two. It is situated near the centre of the city, and from it there
is a glorious outlook in every direction. Its accommodations and service are perfect in every
detail, and equal those of the best hotels in Eastern Canada or the United States.
Rates $3.50 per day and upwards with special terms for those making prolonged visits.
~ Enquiries as to accommodation, rates, etc., at any of the Canadian Pacific Hotels
will be promptly answered, by addressing Managers of the different hotels, or communicating
direct with
The Manager-in-Chief, C.P.R. Hotels,
MONTREAL. The Canadian Pacific Railway
THE WORLD'S HIGHWAY BETWEEN THE ATLANTIC AND THE PACIFIC
THE MOST SOLIDLY CONSTRUCTED AND THE BEST EQUIPPED TRANSCONTINENTAL ROUTE
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED to the PARLOR, SLEEPING and DINING CAR SERVICE
—largely added to recently—so important an accessory upon a railway whose cars
run upwards of THREE THOUSAND MILES WITHOUT CHANGE.
These cars are of unusual strength and size, with berths, smoking and toilet accommodation correspondingly roomy. The transcontinental sleeping cars are fitted with
double doors and windows to exclude the dust in summer and the cold in winter. The
seats are richly upholstered, withJiigh backs and arms.
The upper berths are provided with windows and ventilators. The exteriors are of
polished red mahogany and the interiors are of white mahogany and satinwood elaborately
carved; while all useful and decorative pieces of metal work are of old brass of antique
design.
Stateroom cars are run in connection with Canadian Pacific Transpacific Steamships.
No expense is spared in providing the DINING CARS with the choicest viands and
seasonable delicacies, and the bill of fare and wine list will compare favorably with those
of the most prominent hotels.
OBSERVATION CARS, specially designed to allow an unbroken view of the wonderful
mountain scenery, are run on transcontinental trains during the summer Season (from
about May 1st to October 15th.)
THE FIRST CLASS DAY COACHES are proportionately elaborate in their arrangements for the comfort of the passengers; and for those who desire to travel at a cheaper
rate, TOURIST CARS, with bedding and porter in charge, are run on stated days at a small
additional charge; and COLONIST SLEEPING CARS are run on overland trains without
additonal charge. The colonist cars are fitted with upper and lower berths after the same
general style as other sleeping cars, but are not upholstered, and the passanger may furnish
his own bedding, or purchase it of the Company's agents at terminal stations at nominal
rates.
The entire passenger equipment is MATCHLESS in elegance and comfort.
First Class Sleeping and Parlor Car Tariff
FOR ONE DOUBLE BERTH, LOWER OR UPPER,
IN SLEEPING    CAR    BETWEEN
Halifax and Montreal  $ 4.00
St. John, N.B.,  and   Montreal   2.50
Quebec and Montreal  1.50
Montreal and Toronto  2.00
Montreal and Chicago  5. 00
Montreal and Winnipeg  8. 00
Montreal and Calgary  13.00
Montreal and Banff  14. 00
Montreal and Revelstoke  15.50
Montreal and Vancouver  18. 00
Ottawa and Toronto  2.00
Ottawa and Vancouver  17 .50
Fort William and Vancouver  15.00
Toronto and Chicago  JE   3.00
Toronto and Winnipeg  H  8.00
Toronto and Calgary  * 12.00
Toronto and Banff   |_13.00
TOURIST CAR
TARIFF
$4.00
6.50
7.00
7.75
9.00
.75
4.00
6.00
6.50
7.25
8.50
Toronto and Revelstoke      ^_14.50
Toronto and Vancouver        17.00
Boston and Montreal    2. 00
Boston and Vancouver        19. 00
New York and Montreal  2.00
Boston and St. Paul  7.00
Boston and Chicago    5.50
Montreal and St. Paul    0. 00
St .Paul and Winnipeg     3.00
St. Paul and Vancouver           12.0;) 6.00
Winnipeg and Vancouver        12.00 6.00
Between other stations rates in proportion.
Rates for full section double the berth rate.      Staterooms between three and four
times the berth rate.
Accommodation in' First Class Sleeping Cars and  Parlor Cars will be sold only to
holders of First Class transportation,and in Tourist Cars to holders of First or Second Class
transportation |>re St.
Ave.
bkSt.
feRd.
bnSt.
jmSt.
Ave.
En St.
&Co
lc St.
k St.
[eSt.
lding
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ldg.
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ngc
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.-Und THE WORLD'S L
THE MOST SOLIDLY CO
SPECIAL ATTENTION:'
—largely added to rt,
run upwards of '
These cars are of i
modation  correspondin. I
double doors and wind<!
seats are richly upholst> [
The upper berths e
polished red mahogany i
carved; while all useful
design.
Stateroom cars are ;
No expense is spar f
seasonable delicacies, ar
of the most prominent 1
OBSERVATION CAt
mountain scenery, are :
about May 1st to Octobe
THE FIRST CLASS
ments for the comfort o
rate, TOURIST CARS, w
additional charge; and (
additonal charge. The <
general style as other si
his own bedding, or pur>
rates.
The entire passengei.
First C
FOR ONE DC I
IN SL I
Halifax and Mo
St. John, N.B.,
Quebec and Mo
Montreal and T
Montreal and Oi
Montreal and "\\
Montreal and C;
Montreal and B.
Montreal and R
Montreal and V:
Ottawa and Tor
Ottawa and Var
Fort William an
Toronto and Chi
Toronto and Wi
Toronto and Cal
Toronto and Ba:
Toronto and Re
Toronto and Vai
Boston and Mon
Boston and Van .
New York and J
Boston and St. 1
Boston and Chic
Montreal and St.;
St .Paul and Wii
St. Paul and Vai
Winnipeg and V:
B'
Rates for full sectioi
times the berth rate.      _
Accommodation in
holders of First Class tram
transportation Agencies
Adelaide ;vAus
Amoy CHi?v
Auckland N.Z
Baltimore -Md.
Batavia • •■ -JAVA-
Battle Creek...Mich.
Bellingham.. .Wash.
Bombay India.
Boston Mass.
Brisbane .Qn •
Brockville Ont .
Buffalo .N.Y.
Calcutta India.
Canton China
. 127 East Baltimore St.
Chicago .
. .Australasian United S. Nav. Co. (Ltd.)...*
. .Jardine, Matheson & Co	
. . Union S-S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd )	
. .A. W. Robson, Passenger and Ticket Agent.
. . MacLaine, Watson & Co	
.E.G. Oviatt, Travelling Passenger Agent. 363 Lake Ave
. W. H. Gordon, Passenger Agent 1225 Dock St
. Ewart, Lathom & Co.    Thomas Cook & Son 13 Esplanade Rd'
( F. R. Perry, District Passenger Agent 362 Washington St'
j G. A. Tltcomb, City Passenger Agent 302 Washington St'
. The British India and Queensland Agency Co. (Ltd.)
. Geo. E. McGlade, C.T.A Cor. King St. and Court House Ave
.R. A. Burford, City Passr. & Frt. Agent 233 Main St.
. . Thos. Cook & Son, 9 Old Court House St. Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co
. Jardine, Matheson & Co     .
( A- & £b.aw.G?n' Agt., Passr Dept     .... 232South Clark St.
T     J C. E. Benjamin, Gen. Agt. Passr. Dept. Atlantic Service
■       I 232 South Clark St.
*-W. A. Kittermaster, Gen. Agt. Frt. Dept      234 LaSalle St.
Cincinnati Ohio . . G. A. Clifford, T.P.A., B. R. White (Freight) 23 Carew Building
n.tmit Mtpti 1 A E- Edmonds, City Passr. Agt 7 Fort St. W.
Detroit MICH- \W. R. Haldane, District Freight Agent 7 Fort St. W
Duluth Minn. .M. Adson, Gen. Passr. Agent, D.S.S. & A. Ry. .Manhattan Building.
Everett Wash. .A. B. Winter, Ticket Agent 1515 Hewitt Av.
Glasgow...Scotland. .Canadian Pacific Railway Company. . 67  St.  Vincent  St
Halifax N.S. .J. D. Chipman, City Passenger and Freight Agent. . . .107 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont. . W. J. Grant, Commercial Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
Hobart.. . .Tasmania . . Union S-S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd)	
Hong Kong D. E. Brown, General Agent, China and Japan, etc.. .
Honolulu H.I. . Theo. H. Davies & Co	
Kingston.. .Jamaica. .George & Branday	
Kobe Japan .. J. Rankin, Agent  14 A. Maye-Machi
Liverpool'. Eng . . Canadian Pacific Railway Company 24 James St.
, 1? T„ /Allan Cameron, General \ 62-65 Charing Cross, S. W., and
London eng.-J Traffic Agent.      I 67-68 King William St., E.C.    .
London Ont . . W. Fulton, City Passenger Agent 161 Dundas St.
Los Angeles. . . .Cal. .F. A. Valentine, Travelling Passr. Agent. .. Room 349, Wilcox Bldg.
Melbourne Aus. .Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)	
.A. G. G. Lauder, Frt. Agt., Rooms 518-520 Railway Exchange Bldg.
.W. B. Chandler, Agent Soo Line 119 South Third St.
TE. J, Hebert. General Agent, Passenger Dept.. . .Windsor St. Station
I A. E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent 129 St. James St.
I.J. Corbett, General Foreign Freight Agent. . . .Board of Trade Bldg.
. Holme, Ringer & Co	
.J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent	
i E. V. Skinner, Assistant Traffic Manager 458 Broadway
f Internatinal Sleeping Car Co 281 Fifth Ave.
. F. B. Wattengel 6 Cataract House Block
. .George Duncan, City Passenger Agent.. . 42 Sparks St
, ^ Hernu. Peron & Co., (Ltd.), Ticket Agents, 61 Boulevard Haussman
' I International Sleeping Car Co 3 Place de l'Opera
Philadelphia Pa. .F.W.Huntington. General Agent Pass-. Dept., 629-631 Chestnut St.
Pittsburg Pa. .Thomas G. Orr, Travelling, Passenger Agent. . . .506 Smithfleld St.
Portland Me. .H. A. Snow, Ticket Agent, Maine Cent. Rd Union_Depot
Portland Ore. .F. R. Johnson, Freight and Passenger Agent 142 Third St.
Quebec Que. .Jules Hone, City Passr. * Fgt. Agt., 30 St. John St., Cor. Palace Hill
Sault Ste. Marie Mich. . F. E. Ketchum, Depot Ticket Agent	
c   T.i,. m Tt ) W. B. Howard, Acting District Passenger Agent. ...... .8 King St.
fat- J°nn "-0- ) W. H. C. Mackay, City Ticket Agent 49 King St.
c. t   ..:„ iw„ /W. S. Merchant, Travelling Passenger Agent 315 Chestnut St.
bt- L0UIS       • \W  M. Porteous, Freight Agent 315 Chestnut St.
St. Paul Minn. .L. M. Harmsen, City Ticket Agent, Soo Line 379 Robert St.
jM. M. Stern, Dist. Fgt., and Pass. Agt The Nave, Ferry Bldg.
j W. R. Meech, D.P.A.. Pacific Coast S.S. Co., 4 New Montgomery St
A. B. Calder, G.A.P.D Mutual Life Building, 609 1st Ave.
I J. W. Draper, G.A.F.D Mutual Life Building, 609 1st Ave.
. A. R. Owen  .
. E. H. Sewell. City Passenger Agent 6 Commercial St
/Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Milwaukee Wis
Minneapolis... Minn
Montreal Que.
Nagasaki Japan.
Kelson	
New York	
NiagaraFalls.
Ottawa	
Paris Fbanck j
..B.C.
.N.Y. '■
..N.Y.
. Ont.
San Francisco. .Cal, ;
Seattle Wash.
Shanghai China. .
Sherbrooke Que.
Sydney Aus.
\Wm. Stitt, Gen. Pass. Agt,Can.-Australian S.S. Line, 259 George St.
Taoma Wash. .John Halstead, Freight and Passenger Agent 917 Pacific Av
T„„„„t,, r,™,   ;C. B. Foster, District Passenger Agent 71 Yonge St.
loromo UNT' \W. Maughan, City Ticket Agent 1 King St. East, cor. Yonge
Vancouver B.C. .W. R. Thomson, Ticket Agent   	
Victoria B.C. .Geo. L.Courtney, Dist. Freight and Passr. Agent, 58 Government St.
Wash: 'gton D.C. .Wm. Linson, City Passr. Agt.. Bond Bldg., 14th St. and N. Y. Ave.
Winnipeg Man. .A. C. Smith, City Ticket Agent, Cor. Main St. and McDermott Ave.
Yokohama... Japan .. Wm. T. Payne, General Traffic Agent for Japan 14 Bund XANADlAi
\PACIFIC,
k v railway/

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