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What to do at Lake Louise Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Hotels. Chateau Lake Louise 1931

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£. Issued   by
the chateau
A Canadian Pacific  Hotel
Lake Louise, Alberta, 5,680 feet above sea level
Open Summer Months
The Colour of the Lake  2
The Discovery of the Lake . . . .               3
The Chateau ...'*.        . .     .... 3
The Swimming Pool   4
A Circle of Peaks  5
Wild Flowers  6
Trail Riding.      7
The Lakes in the Clouds  7
Plain of the Six Glaciers      8
Abbot Pass: Lake O'Hara  10
Moraine Lake  10
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp  10
Saddleback.      11
Paradise Valley: Mount St. Piran  12
Motoring at Lake Louise  12
To Banff      12
To Emerald Lake  16
The Kicking Horse Trail  17
The Motor Detour  17
The Banff-Windermere Road  18
Lake Windermere: The Lariat Trail  18
Other Trail Trips at Lake Louise  19
The Mountain Pony  20
The Trail Riders: Official Rides  20
Bungalow Camps Circle Trip  22
Mountain Climbing          . . 22
The Alpine Club   23
Swiss Guides  24
What to Wear: Wild Life  24
Photographers: Fishing  25
The Beginning of the Rockies  26
Glaciers     '  26
Opening Up of the Mountains.....,..,, ,-., 26 -.
Lake Louise
THE CENTRAL jewel of the Canadian Rockies is
Lake Louise—a gleaming emerald in a setting of
snow-crowned majestic mountains, with a pale jade
glacier, a million years old, at one end, the most charming
of modern hotels at the other, and all around purple hills
where pines and spruce trees keep the world away, and
whisper peace.
"Louise" is a lake of the deepest and most exquisite
colouring, ever-changing and defying analysis. Probably
the most perfect gem of scenery in the known world, it
bears the liquid music, the soft colour notes of its name,
almost into the realm of the visible. Geographically a
"cirque lake"—a deep, steep-walled recess caused by
glacial erosion, nestling 600 feet above the railway on the
far side of a mountain palisade, amidst an amphitheatre
of peaks—it is a dramatic palette upon which the Great
Artist has splashed his most gorgeous hues, a wonderful
spectrum of colour.
Deepest and most exquisitely coloured is the lake
itself, sweeping from dawn to sunset through green, blue,
amethyst and violet, undershot by gold; dazzling white
is the sun-glorified Victoria Glacier, at the farther end;
sombre are the enclosing pine-clad peaks that dip perpendicularly into the lake; and magnificent are the stark
Printed in Canada—1931 m
Lakes in the Clouds
immensities of the snow-covered peaks that enclose the
picture except for the fleecy blue sky overhead.
The Colour of the Lake
"Louise" has many moods and will always
surprise you; you will never exhaust her infinite variety,
though you watch her from hour to hour, day to day,
moment to moment. You may watch it pass from the
rose of dawn to the colour of the purplish twilight shadows,
and thence to deep azure struck with stars, or to the
shimmering silver of a moon-lit evening—-and there will
always be a picture more beautiful than the last.
A word about this colour, which is so intense yet
never the same for two minutes in succession. Geologists
say that the brilliant colours of this mountain lake are
due to glacial silt. The colour depends upon the size of
the particles; if they are small they will reflect only the
shorter rays of light, which are blue, and if they are
larger they will send off rays of green. No one, however,
seems to be able to explain satisfactorily the changes of
colour in Lake Louise, yet it would seem that this subtle
mirror registers every change in the atmosphere and the
light, and so gives one picture under brilliant noon-day
sun, another under heavy clouds, and a thousand others
at every time of day. '
~«j-"-- -m^j '■—•-'-"*- "■■''■■■■ "■"
Page Two The Swimming Pool, Chateau Lake Louise
The Discovery of the Lake
It was Tom Wilson, a western pioneer, who
found this lovely gem among the pine-clad mountains.
The story goes that Wilson, who was in camp near Laggan
in 1882, heard the roar of an avalanche one day, and
was told by some Stony Indians that the sound was
thunder from the big snow mountain above the "Lake
of Little Fishes." The next day, when Tom visited the
Lake, the wonder of the scene left him breathless.
The name of the lake was later changed to "Louise,"
in honour of the Princess Louise, a daughter of Queen
Victoria, and wife of the then Governor-General of
Canada, the late Duke of Argyll.
The Chateau
On the margin of this most perfect lake, in
a wonderful Alpine flower garden where poppies, violets,
columbines, anemones and sheep laurel slope through
terraced lawns to the water's edge—the Canadian Pacific
has placed its great Chateau Lake Louise.
In 1890 the Canadian Pacific Railway built an
unpretentious log chalet, with accommodation for a few
guests.    Some years later a larger building was erected
 >M>».  II Mil	
Page Three >'•*•>:•:•*•'. ■>' ■•>*-•-'»'
Plain of Six Glaciers Tea House
higher up on the slope from the lake; and this has been
repeatedly enlarged to meet the demands of an ever-
increasing stream of tourists. Today a fire-proof modern
and luxurious hotel, with accommodation for seven
hundred guests, has replaced the humble chalet.
Across the front of the hotel extends a vast lounge
that commands an unobstructed view of the Lake through
beautiful, single-pane windows of enormous size. The
dining-room, in the right wing, has the same wonderful
windows and view. From the ballroom in the left wing
the lake may be seen through the arches of the cloistered
terrace. Thus the visitor may rest, dine and dance
without losing sight of the beauty that attracted him
The Swimming Pool
Two fine hard tennis courts are attached to the hotel,
and a boathouse supplies rowing boats to the many
who cannot resist the magnetism of the clear, blue water.
Below the dining-room and overlooking the lake is an
attractively terraced concrete swimming-pool filled with
heated glacial water and with an instructor in attendance.
Page Four Lake Agnes Tea House •
A Circle of Peaks
The peaks that surround Lake Louise form
such a magnificent background that many visitors ask
nothing better than to sit on the hotel verandah watching
the marvellous kaleidoscope of beauty and colour that
they present. From left to right they are:—Saddleback,
Fairview, Lefroy, Victoria, Whyte, the Devil's Thumb,
the Needles, Big Beehive, Niblock, St. Piran, and Little
Beehive. At the far end of the Lake, catching for the
greater part of the day the full glory of the sun, their
snowfields standing out in dazzling whiteness, are the
glaciers that drop down from Mount Victoria and the
lofty ice-crowned head of Mount Lefroy.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise a delightful
mile-and-a-half walk along a level trail affords splendid
views of further peaks—Aberdeen and the Mitre.
The heights of the above-mentioned peaks are:
Saddle Mountain (7,783 feet), Fairview Mountain (9,001
feet), Mount Lefroy (11,220 feet), Mount Victoria (11,355
feet), Mount Whyte (9,776 feet), The Devil's Thumb
(8,066 feet), The Needles (8,500 feet), Big Beehive (7,440
feet),   Mount   Niblock   (9,754   feet),   Mount  St.   Piran
Page Five Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp
(8,681 feet), Little Beehive (7,110 feet), Mount Aberdeen
(10,340 feet), The Mitre (9,470 feet).
Wild Flowers
For those who are eager to go out on the
trail there are many fine excursions around Lake Louise,
and scores of beautiful things to be seen. Hundreds o(
mountain flowers bloom on the Alpine meadows, the
fragrance of which is more virginal and fresh than that of
lowland blossoms. On the high plateaus, myriads of Arctic
Alpine plants, with big flowers and tiny leaves, find shelter
from the gales beneath bent pine trees and a profusion of
creeping juniper. Here are Alpine harebells, Arctic
poppies, and some of the wee yellow saxifrages, while
covering the lower altitudes you will find the mountain
slopes thickly covered with scarlet Indian paint brush,
red and white mountain heath and heather, wild heliotropes, and the trailing vines of the lovely northern twin
Bordering the lake grow the little pink swamp
laurels, dainty wintergreens and fragrant orchids, and as
you follow up the trail at the southern end which leads
to the foot of Victoria Glacier, vast numbers of false
forget-me-nots, yellow arnicas and red-tasselled meadow-
rues and the showy blossoms of the cow-parsnips fill the
Page Six Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp
floor  of the  valley  where  your  pathway  is  edged  by
anemones, alumroots and gentians.
Trail Riding
I f y o u are not used to mountain climbing, do
not be alarmed if you cannot mount the slope with
alacrity, and your heart thumps. It may do so simply
because the air is thin up in the mountains, and until
you are well acclimatized to these altitudes it is better
to walk leisurely. You can rest awhile on one of the
rustic log benches that are placed beside the path, with
care and appreciation of the artistic vistas one beholds
on every side. There is a livery office in the hotel, and
sure-footed mountain ponies may be obtained for the trail.
Lakes in the Clouds
To the right of the Chateau is one of the
easiest and loveliest trails to follow. It rises rapidly
through a steep pine forest abounding in shrubs and
alpine flowers, while varied and sweeping views are to be
seen through the occasional gaps in the forest. Passing
above the snow-line the trail reaches the first of the
Lakes in the Clouds,  resting an icy  blue in the green
Page Seven Wapta Bungalow Camp
forest bowl. This is Mirror Lake; into it a noisy cataract
drops down a boulder-strewn cliff from Lake Agnes, the
second of the Lakes in the Clouds.
The trail winds then over a rocky path above the
oines to Lake Agnes, 1,200 feet above Lake Louise. This
ake never thaws until mid-July and is as quiet, though
not so brilliantly coloured, as Mirror Lake, some 200 feet
below. It is guarded by its own little cirque of white-
headed peaks around which the sunlight and the billowing
clouds chase each other with fascinating swiftness.
A delightful log Tea-House stands on the cliff-top
where the cataract falls down from Lake Agnes. Its wide
hearth throws out a welcome warmth, and its windows
command two wonderful views. On the one side is Lake
Agnes and the cirque almost overhead; on the other side
a vast panorama of the Bow Valley fades into the distance.
The well-shod climber can continue to the top of the
Little Beehive, or to the Rest Hut on top of the Big
Beehive, which commands a beautiful view of the Lake,
Chateau, and surrounding scenery, or still further afield
to the top of Mount St. Piran, 3,000 feet above Lake
Plain of the Six Glaciers
Besides the mighty tongue of the Victoria
Glacier, many smaller glaciers descend into the cirque,
Page Eight .•.>••:■•.••:•:■>:•?: •> >*•»:•.■*:•. •?■>?■ :■.- r. w.vw;
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Victoria Glacier, from the Lower Trail
and on the right side of the cirque is the Plain of the Six
Glaciers, where a beautiful Tea-House with broad verandahs has been placed at the head as an excellent resting
place. The six glaciers in question are the Lower Victoria,
the Upper Victoria, the Lower Lefroy, the Upper Lefroy,
Aberdeen, and Popes.
The Plain can be reached by two trails. One continues
from the Lake Agnes Tea-House, following the right shore
of the lake into the little cirque as far round as the Big
Beehive, then descending between the Big Beehive and
the Devil's Thumb down a steep zig-zagging trail into
the Plain. Before reaching the plain the trail branches
in three directions, all of which eventually lead to the
second trail into the plain.
The second trail leads directly from the Chateau to
the Plain, some four miles away, along the broad path to
the right of Lake Louise and up the Victoria Creek to the
foot of the glacier. At this point the trails finally unite
and make a winding ascent to the Tea-House, from which
the view of the cirque and Victoria Glacier, hanging
between the cliffs of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria, is
The Tea-House provides all meals, and sleeping
accommodation. There is a continuation of the trail
down to the route over Abbot Pass.
Page Nine Abbot Pass and Lake O'Hara
One of the longer climbing expeditions that
can be undertaken by the novice—who must, however, be
accompanied by a Swiss guide—is over Abbot Pass from
the Victoria Glacier. It is well to start in the morning,
taking the trail round the west shore of the Lake, ascending
the Victoria Valley and following the edge of Victoria
Creek until you reach the foot of the glacier. You can
make a short diversion to the Plain of Six Glaciers Tea-
House en route.
The glacier is three miles long, and half a mile wide,
and there is much of interest such as glacier tables,
moulins and seracs, that your guide will be able to tell
you all about. Most people prefer to stop for the night
at the comfortable Alpine Hut on Abbot Pass, and see
a most glorious sunrise in the morning. Next morning
you can descend the other side of the Pass, skirting
Lake Oesa and continuing to Lake O'Hara, one of the
loveliest of all Rocky Mountain waters. Here there is a
Bungalow Camp where you may stay before returning to
Louise, and perhaps, if you have a few hours to spare,
take the trail that leads to Lake McArthur, whose blue
waters lie at an altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier
here, and huge blocks of ice may be seen floating on the
surface of the lake, even in the summer time.
A splendid new trail to Lake O'Hara via Ross Lake
offers a delightful one-day ride, and connects with the
trail to Wapta and Emerald Lake.
Moraine Lake
Another pearl of the Rockies is Moraine
Lake, nine miles from the Chateau Lake Louise, at the end
of one of the finest short motor rides in the mountains.
This lovely mountain lake, exquisitely blue-green in colour,
lies in the Valley of the Ten Peaks—a tremendous and
majestic semi-circle that with jagged profile encircles the
eastern and southern end of the lake. Not one of these
peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height—the highest, Mount
Deltaform, is 11,225 feet. Standing off a little, as a sort
of outpost, is the Tower of Babel, an interesting rock
formation of unusual shape.
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp
At the foot of the lake, where the creek flows
out into the Valley, is Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp.
The main building, in its attractive forest setting, contains
a bright living and dining-room. The small, separate,
log sleeping cabins are near at hand providing sleeping
accommodation.    The camp is an admirable centre for
j^jfei»<fei>CT«MiigfBawIf-t^*m*mm >!<i\Z*
Page Ten The Valley of the Ten Peaks, Moraine Lake
trail-riders and walkers who wish to explore the valley's
surroundings, and for mountaineers who aspire to the
peaks. An attractive excursion is to the Consolation
Lakes, within easy reach of the Camp, and the waters of
which contain a plentiful supply of rainbow, Dolly Varden
and cut-throat trout.
To the left of the Chateau Lake Louise,
another beautiful ride or walk follows the broad trail up
the further side of Fairview Mountain to the Saddleback.
The view from the pass between Fairview and the Saddleback is a magnificent panorama of Paradise Valley far
below, with its little Lake Annette gleaming like an
emerald and its steep, brown-sided guardian mountains
crowned by the snowy summit of Mount Temple in the
distance rising 11,626 feet.
On the Saddleback is a deserted cabin, 1,800 feet
above Lake Louise. From this point, climbers can reach
the summit of Fairview, 9,001 feet high, or can go in the
opposite direction to the top of the Saddleback, 7,993
feet high. The rider can continue between the Saddleback
and Mount Sheol down a winding trail through the lovely
Sheol Valley to find himself at length in beautiful Paradise
Page Eleven Valley, which from the Pass had looked so mysteriously
lovely and distantly low that it had seemed a vision
rather than reality.
Paradise Valley
Paradise Valley is about six miles long
and lies between Lake Louise and Moraine Lake. It is a
garden of the mountains, carpeted with green and dotted
with brightly hued Alpine flowers of many varieties,
including anemones and asters. It is a very attractive
trail ride either directly from the Chateau or by way of
the Saddleback. At the head of the Valley, Paradise
Creek cascades down an enormous rock stairway called
the Giant's Steps, from which the trail leads across the
creek and returns by way of Lake Annette. This tiny
mountain lake is the emerald heart of the valley and over
it rises the mighty white head of Mount Temple. The
trail then recrosses the creek to join the main trail back
to the Chateau.
The route to Moraine Lake can also be followed by
trail-riders, while climbers can test their skill by returning
along the steep and difficult trail leading from the head
of the Lake, over Sentinel Pass, and down into Paradise
Mount St. Piran
Another easy climb leads to Mount St.
Piran, 3,000 feet above Lake Louise. Ponies for Mount
St. Piran may be taken as far as the top of Little Beehive,
but from there on the trail must be made on foot.
Motoring at Lake Louise
The comprehensive programme of road-
construction carried on by the National Parks Department
of the Canadian Government during the past few years
has rendered easily accessible some of the most magnificent
scenery in the Canadian Rockies. These roads are of
hard, stable construction. Excellent automobile services
(both private cars and organized sight-seeing busses)
greatly enhance the pleasure of the visitor.
To Banff
From Lake Louise to Banff is a fine
42-mile motor trip, following practically all the way close
to the Bow River. Leaving behind Mount Temple—-one
of the most stately piles in the mountains—one comes to
Castle  Mountain,   which   rears   its   long  and   imposing
"^t-"w**t^'—*f*>^—rf"~**"^^—t———^—n^M^_^^^___Ei^ii^^_^^p —^.^—*^~^m^^^*t^*mm—~'u   n   *■■ -"iniiiiiiTjuuLi^w^^^*"^—i—*^^_/*
Page Twelve *i
Paradise Valley from the Saddleback
Page Thirteen Lake Louise
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp is nine miles
by road from the
Chateau Lake Louise.
Wapta Bungalow Camp
is eight miles—Banff, 42
Lake Agnes Tea House
and Plain of the Six
Glaciers Tea House are
reached by trail. Abbot
Pass Alpine Hut — by
climbing. Lake O'Hara
Bungalow Camp is
reached by trail via Ross
Lake, bv climb over
Abbot Pass or by trail
from Wapta.
The Chateau Lake
Louise  has  an  altitude
of 5,680 feet above sea-
level. Lake Louise station is 5,044 feet. Altitudes of some of the
principal peaks are
shown on this map.
Page Fourteen
. .  ;    ;:■...,.
Page Fifteen Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
castellated bulk along the north. A short detour south
enables one to reach Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp on
the Banff-Windermere Road, from which a beautiful
view of the Bow Valley is obtained.
At about 26 miles from Lake Louise a stop is made
at Johnston Canyon, where the Johnston Creek dashes
between high rock walls and falls in a series of miniature
cascades which are spanned by tiny rustic bridges.
Gradually the canyon reveals its loveliness. Its climax is
a clear blue pool, only partly disturbed by the whirlpool
caused by falls from a gorge above. From the road to
the end of the Canyon is three-quarters of a mile.
From Johnston Canyon into Banff is a beautiful run,
near the Vermilion Lakes crossing a spot that is the
favorite haunt of a large herd of mountain sheep, which
in this National Park have sanctuary, environed all the
time by magnificent forests and mountains.
To Emerald Lake
There is a fine road to Field and Emerald
Lake. This leads west to the Great Divide, crossing the
railway near Wapta Bungalow Camp at Hector, and
follows the brawling Kicking Horse River. It is a
spectacular ride and links up with roads in Yoho National
Park. During the season, regular daily sight-seeing motor
services leave Lake Louise and return in the evening.
Page Sixteen r
;:j:&JS -v^, s:\ :■ • •
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
The Kicking Horse Trail
In 1927 a further extension was opened from
near Emerald Lake to Golden—"The Kicking Horse
Trail," named from the river which it follows for so
many miles.  This is a most spectacular ride.
At Golden, the Columbia River road, running south
to Lake Windermere and Cranbrook, joins this road, and
makes a magnificent circle trip which is mentioned later
under the name of "The Lariat Trail."
The Motor Detour
One of the finest of the organized automobile
excursions is the famous ''Motor Detour." This is from
Banff to Golden, and gives a rapid survey of the "highlights" of the nearer mountain region. After a sightseeing trip around Banff, a 42-mile run is made to Lake
Louise, and the night spent at the Chateau Lake Louise.
The journey then continues to the Great Divide, Wapta
Lake, the Kicking Horse Pass, Yoho Valley, Emerald
Lake, the Kicking Horse Canyon and Golden. Similar
schedules are established in the reverse direction. Two
or three days or even longer may well be spent on the
It can, however, be made in 24 hours, being so timed
as to waste no time, but to pick through-passengers up
soon after their arrival at either Banff (going westward)
or Golden (going eastward), and to set them down at the
Page Seventeen other end of the trip in time to take their train. Special
arrangements are made for handling baggage and sleeping-car reservations. The length of the Detour, including
a sight-seeing ride around Banff, is 142 miles.
Banff-Windermere Road
The famous Banff-Windermere Road, pioneer
and still perhaps the leader of the mountain roads, takes
you into a magnificent section. The journey can be
commenced equally well from Lake Louise, the distances
being the same, 104 miles to Lake Windermere; for the
road to Windermere takes off from the Banff-Louise
road near Castle Mountain, equi-distant between those
points. It runs over the Vermilion Pass (altitude 5,264
feet) into Kootenay National Park, and then follows the
Vermilion and Kootenay Rivers until within a few miles
of Sinclair Pass. Passing through Sinclair Canyon, the
road emerges after several miles into the Columbia River
Valley and soon reaches the beautiful Lake Windermere*
To afford accommodation for those making this trip,
the Canadian Pacific has erected two bungalow camps
en route. These halts for either meals or sleeping accommodation are conveniently spaced as to distance: they are
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp (26 miles) and Radium
Hot Springs Camp (91 miles). Each has a central clubhouse for dining and recreational purposes, and sleeping
accommodation in separate log bungalows.
Lake Windermere
LakeWindermere is a centre for excursions
up Toby Creek and Horse Thief Creek to the great ice
fields of the Selkirks, notably the Lake of the Hanging
Glaciers. Bathing, riding, boating, fishing and motoring
can be enjoyed on the shores of Lake Windermere, and
good trout fishing can be found in nearby creeks and
some of the smaller lakes.
The Lariat Trail
The Columbia River Highway runs
from Golden to Lake Windermere, thus forming, in
connection with the Banff-Windermere Road, the Banff-
Louise Road, and the Kicking Horse Trail, a complete
circuit of three National Parks — Banff, Yoho and
A very fine excursion, called "The Lariat Trail,"
occupying three days, is organized to leave Banff twice
Page Eighteen Emreald Lake Chalet
a week in the summer months to embrace all these.
Leaving Banff, it proceeds to Castle Mountain, turns
south along the Banff-Windermere Road as far as Radium
Hot Springs (where the first night is spent), thence turns
north to Golden and east along the Kicking Horse Canyon
to Emerald Lake (second night). The third day it runs
to Yoho Valley, Wapta Lake, the Great Divide, Lake
Louise and Banff.
Other Trail Trips at Lake Louise
The Skoki Valley, 24 miles from Lake
I ouise—camping ground at Skoki Lake, in an Alpine
meadow amid high glacial surroundings of spectacular
grandeur and beauty. Good fishing. Take camping
outfit.  Trip made by arrangement only.
Trips to the Ptarmigan Valley, Hector Lake, Bow
Lake, the Molar Pass, the Pipestone Valley and Baker
Creek—by arrangement only.
Ptarmigan and Phacelia Lakes are two typical Alpine
pools, where Arctic-Alpine plants grow in dwarfed form,
among them the purple-pink moss campions, hare's tails,
buckbean and brook lobelia. As its name indicates,
ptarmigan are plentiful in the region of Ptarmigan Lake,
as are also grouse and wild fowl.  Phacelia Lake is named
Page Nineteen after the quantities of these lovely blooms that grow near
its brink.
The Mountain Pony
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, foolproof, untiring, can be ridden by practically anyone,
whether he or she has ever before been on a horse or not.
From the Chateau Lake Louise and other hotels and
bungalow camps in the Canadian Rockies, there are
good roads and trails radiating in all directions, which
are kept up by the National Parks Department. Some
trail trips are of one day's duration only; others stretch
over several days, necessitating carrying camping outfit.
It is customary on all long trips, and even on some short
ones, to engage guides who supply horses, tents, food,
etc., and do the necessary cooking. The Circle Trail
Ride starting from Lake Louise, however, simplifies
the problem of packhorses, as every night but one will be
spent in a bungalow camp.
The Trail Riders of the Rockies
Those who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the Canadian Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies, which
affords an unusual opportunity for those interested in
trail-riding to get together. The aims of the Trail Riders'
Association are, principally, to encourage travel on
horseback through the Canadian Rockies, to foster the
maintenance and improvement of old trails and the
building of new trails, and to encourage the love of
outdoor life.
Membership is of several grades, according to the
distance ridden—50, 100, 250, 500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles.
There are now over 1,300 members.
Official Trail Rides
Each year official rides are held, the first
being rounded out with the annual Pow-wow. There are
usually two official rides, one lasting four days, and the
other ten, both starting from Banff. These rides take place
late in July or early in August, and pass through spectacular scenery, the ten-day ride being a fishing as well
as a camping trip. It is an inspiring sgiht as the cavalcade
prepares to move off. Pack ponies are loaded with tepees
and duffle bags, guides move stolidly among the ponies
adjusting saddles and stirrups, the riders—anything from
a hundred up in number, and ranging from old timers to
the tenderest of tenderfeet—go through the process of
getting acquainted, and the ride begins.
^.W»»^^-   .   . _..-_._».t»it**^
Page Twenty 'But it was in the ascent of the Rockies that there
fell upon us that overwhelming sense of power in the
rivers, of immensity in the distances, and especially in
the evening glow, of eternal strength among the mountains
—these were the feelings which will never fade out of
memory. The nearest approach which I think can be
made to perfect beauty upon earth is probably at Lake
Louise, that jewel in Canada s rocky crown/'
—Lord Shaw of Dunfermline
Page Twenty-on Rates for the four-day ride, including horse, food
and share of tent are $50.00, while the rates for the ten-day
ride are $100.00. Riders are required to bring their own
sleeping bags, or at least three blankets. Reservations
should be made as early as possible in advance, as follows—■
until July 1st to the Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. J. M.
Gibbon, Room 324, Windsor Station, Montreal, Que.,
thereafter to the Western Secretary, Mr. L. S. Crosby;
at Banff.
Bungalow Camps Circle Trip
In addition to the official ride, and under
the auspices of the Trail Riders' Association, Circle Trail
Rides are operated during July and August from Lake
Louise around those of the Bungalow Camps which are
situated in Yoho National Park. These circle rides
leave on any day, accompanied by guide, provided there
is a minimum of three persons.
The trip lasts six days, with the following itinerary:
First Day—Motor or ride to Wapta Camp. After Lunch,
ride to Lake O'Hara Camp.
Second Day—-Side trip to Lake McArthur, spending the
night in a new cabin and tent-camp on McArthur
Third Day—Ride from McArthur Creek down the Ottertail Trail to Emerald Lake.
Fourth Day—-From Emerald Lake ride over Yoho Pass
to Yoho Valley Camp.
Fifth Day—Side trip to Twin Falls, spending the night
at Yoho Valley Camp.
Sixth Day—Ride over Burgess Pass to Field, and motor
or ride back to Emerald Lake.
The rates for these Circle Trips are $10.00 per day,
inclusive of pony, food and sleeping accommodation in
either tents or bungalow camps (except for the Emerald
Lake day, which is $13.00).
Mountain Climbing
The Canadian Rockies present to the
mountain-climber one of the most extensive and interesting fields of any easily accessible ranges of the world.
Noted climbers make their way thither from all parts of
the world. But let not the novice be daunted; there
are easy climbs aplenty for him to graduate from—on
some, indeed, he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk good
trails almost to the summit, while on others a short
scramble will bring him to his goal.
MBBL" !J————ft * "'"'
Page Twenty-two Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
It is difficult to imagine anything more fascinating
than to start out in the early morning, stepping in half
an hour from the perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel
into the primitive glory of cliff and crag, winding waterway
and frozen grandeur, to spend the day among the mountains. With a blue sky overhead, the air soft with the
sweet resinous spice of the forest, and all cares left far
behind, one sees only beautiful sights, hears only wonderland sounds, and for a whole long day lives close to the
very heart of Nature in her most splendid mood.
The Alpine Club
The ALPiNEduBof Canada, with over 600
members, and headquarters at Banff, holds a camp each
year in the Canadian Rockies, and welcomes those who
have the ambition to climb, or are interested in mountains.
Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain
climbing centres of the Rockies, and has many good climbs
both for the novice and the experienced alpinist. Some
short and easy climbs will be found in the Beehive, Mount
St. Piran, Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview. For
the  expert  alpinist  there  are  plenty of climbs  around
Page Twenty-three I
Lake Louise that will provide him with sufficient opportunity to test his skill. Some of these are the ascent to
Mounts Whyte, Popes, Collier, the north peak of Victoria,
Lefroy, the Mitre and Aberdeen.
Swiss Guides
Swiss Guides are attached to the Chateau
Lake Louise for those who wish to visit the glaciers or climb
mountains. As they are greatly in demand, it is advisable
to make arrangements well in advance. Rates $7.00 per
day. Climbers should be equipped with Swiss Alpine
climbing boots.
What to Wear
It is most important for anyone undertaking
climbs to be properly dressed and equipped. Most men
find that they are comfortable in closely woven tweed or
corduroy knickerbockers—flannel shirt, soft hat, heavy
stockings, sweater and strong boots properly studded
with nails. It is wiser to wear suspenders rather than a
belt; and if in addition to the above mentioned articles,
you carry woollen gloves, a pair of smoked glasses, field
glasses, ice-axe, a collapsible drinking cup and a silk
handkerchief, your comfort will be assured under any
circumstances. A woman should wear a short walking
skirt, or breeches, a woollen shirt, high stout boots with
nails, and a sweater or coat.
Wild Life
A ll these expeditions hold a wonderful charm,
especially for those interested in the wild animal life of
the mountains, and in the exquisite Alpine flowers. Over
500 species of flowers grow in the Rocky Mountains, and
many of these are to be found in the valleys and on the
lower slopes and Alpine meadows of the Lake Louise
region. The most plentiful species have been mentioned
Of the wild creatures, the Hoary Marmot, which is
well-known by his shrill whistle, the Marten, the Chipmunk, the Bighorn or Mountain Sheep and Blacktail or
Mule Deer, are seen in large numbers. Black Bear are
also not uncommon and are very tame, many of them
even showing a willingness to become pets.
It is a common saying that there are no birds in the
mountains, but anyone with eyes and ears can soon
disprove this belief. The Franklin grouse is one species
which nearly every visitor is bound to see. This bird
seems to have no sense at all and is generally referred
to  as  the   "fool-hen."    A  type  of Canadian jay,   the
Page Twenty-four t?m
At Ptarmigan Lake
Whiskey-jack, is plentiful enough, and sometimes these
saucy birds will inspect you from every angle. Other
birds likely to be seen are the Mountain Bluebird, Eagle,
Ptarmigan, the Cheerful Chickadee, Water Ousel and
Lake Louise is a paradise for photographers.
Its infinite variety of pictures can never be exhausted.
There are new and beautiful vistas at every turn, so always
take your camera with you, so that you may be able to
take pictures of some of them back home with you.
The Chateau Lake Louise has its own photographic
department, where developing and printing is done by
experts and at reasonable prices.
Fishing at Lake Louise
Five varieties of game fish have their
habitat in the waters of the Banff National Park, the
cut-throat, lake, Dolly Vardon, bull and brook trout.
Around Lake Louise, reasonably good fishing can be
obtained in the Pipestone River, Consolation Lake,
Upper Bow Lakes, and Lake O'Hara. The open season for
fishing in the national parks is from July 1st to September
30th, inclusive.   There is a Fishing Inspector at the office
Page Twenty-five of the Superintendent of Banff National Park, at Banff.
Detailed sporting information may also be had at the information desks in the hotels.
The Beginning of the Rockies
Lake Louise and the giant mountains surrounding it, with their tremendous caps of eternal snow,
existed for millions of years before Tom Wilson found
them, or before the Canadian Pacific broke its way
through the mountains. It is awe-inspiring to imagine a
time when the Rockies weren't here at all. That was
long ago, before the jelly-fish and the brachiopod ever
squirmed in the Cambrian slime, and the place where
these great mountains now stand was the floor of an
inland sea.
The western limit of this sea was the Selkirk range,
on the shores of the great continent of Cascadia, which
stretched almost to where China is today, and its eastern
limit was probably somewhere near Lake Huron. Through
countless centuries, mud poured into this sea from Cascadia,
until a bed 50,000 feet thick was formed. During the
Carboniferous period, as the result of tremendous pressure
exerted from the west, the floor of the ocean began to rise;
slowly it rose through the millions of years which followed,
until there was a great swamp, where huge dinosaurs
wallowed in luxurious content.
Then again, at the end of the Age of Reptiles, there
was another tremendous thrust which crumpled up the
rocky crust, folded it and lifted it miles high in the air.
No sooner were the mountains uplifted than the forces of
destruction began the work of tearing them down. Wind
and frost split up the rocks alon^ the lines of striation
and carved them into sculptured forms.
Then for many thousands of years, frost and
silence held the mountains in their grip. Glaciers formed
in the valleys, pressing down the heights with increasing
force and tearing the rocks as they came. For thousands
of years the ice advanced, receded, and advanced again.
After countless ages the warmth came again and the
Ice King went back to the Arctic, but many of the glaciers
still remain, and it has been observed that they move a
certain distance from time to time. The glaciers of the
Canadian Rockies, like those of some other countries, are
nearly all in retreat, owing to lessening snowfall and
moderating climate.
Opening Up of the Mountains
I t w A s only a little more than one hundred years
ago that the Rockies came to the knowledge of the white
Page Twenty-six l,,y
Mountain Climbing near Lake Louise
man. The Indians preceded him, but except for shelter
from hostile tribes, or hunting, they avoided the mountains. Many names are linked with the opening of the
Rockies to the world, such as those of Pierre de la
Verendrye, who crossed the prairies in 1743, and of Sir
Alexander Mackenzie, who, overcoming toil and hardship, made his way to the coast.
The discovery of Kicking Horse Pass by Sir James
Hector, geologist of the British expedition under Palliser,
and of Rogers Pass by Rogers, Engineer for the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company, were the two keys needed to
unlock the Rockies. In 1885, when the last spike, marking
the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway from
coast to coast, was driven by Sir Donald Smith (later Lord
Strathcona), at Craigellachie, B.C., the West and East
were at last linked together.
Page Twenty seven Abbot Pass Alpine Hut
Other Canadian Pacific Hotels
in the Rockies
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B.C.
Hotel Palliser, Calgary
Bungalow Camps
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
Wapta Bungalow Camp
Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp
Mount Assiniboine Camp
Tea Houses
Lake Agnes
Kicking Horse Canyon
Plain of Six Glaciers
Natural Bridge
Twin Falls
>    Tea Houses only
Limited Sleeping
J     also
Page Twenty-eight  »■    ■!.'     — "
I ^
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