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What to do at Lake Louise in the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Hotels. Chateau Lake Louise 1929

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 - WHAT TO DO AT
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Issued by
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THE CHATEAU
LAKE LOUISE
A Canadian Pacific Hotel
Lake Louise, Alberta, 5,670 feet above sea level
Open in  1929 from June 1st to October  1st
•;
page
The Colour of the Lake  2
The Discovery of the Lake  3
The Chateau  . .  3
The Swimming Pool  4
A Circle of Peaks  5
Wild Flowers  6
Trail Riding  . 7
The Lakes in the Clouds  7
Plain of the Six Glaciers  8
Abbot Pass: Lake O'Hara.   10
Moraine Lake  10
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp  10
Saddleback  11
Paradise Vallev: Mount St. Piran  12
Motoring at Lake Louise  . .   12
To Banff ......'.   •   :   •     •   •     • • • ?2
To Emerald Lake *  16
The Kicking Horse Trail  17
The 24-Hour Motor Detour. . . *.  17
The Banff-Windermere Road  18
Lake Windermere: The Lariat Trail . . 18
Other Trail Trips at Lake Louise  19
The Mourtain Pony  20
The Trail Riders: Official Ride  20
Bungalow Camps Circle Trip  22
Mountain Climbing  22
The Alpine Club  . 23
Swiss Guides  24
What to Wear: Wild Life , 24
Photographers: Fishing .......  25
The Beginning of the Rockies ^ . . 26
Glaciers  26
Opening up of the Mountains  26 ^BSasSJwSBiw
La&£ Louise
THE CENTRAL jewel of the Canadian Rockies is
Lake Louise—a gleaming emerald in a setting of
snow-crowned majestic mountains, with a pale jade
glacier, a million years old, at one end, the most charming
of modern hotels at the other, and all around purple hills
where pines and spruce trees keep the world away, and
whisper peace.
"Louise" is a lake of the deepest and most exquisite
colouring, ever-changing and defying analysis. Probably
the most perfect gem of scenery in the known
world, it bears the liquid music, the soft colour
notes of its name, almost into the realm of the visible.
Geographically a "cirque lake"—a deep, steep-walled
recess caused by glacial erosion, nestling 600 feet above
the railway on the far side of a mountain palisade, amidst
an amphitheatre of peaks—■ it is a dramatic palette upon
which the Great Artist has splashed his most gorgeous
hues,   a   wonderful  spectrum  of colour.
Deepest and most exquisitely coloured is the lake
itself, sweeping from dawn to sunset through green, blue,
amethyst and violet, undershot by gold; dazzling white
is the sun-glorified Victoria Glacier, at the farther end;
sombre are the enclosing pine-clad peaks that dip perpendicularly into the lake; and magnificent are the stark
Printed in Canada—/Q29 Lakes in the Clouds
immensities of the snow-covered peaks that enclose the
picture except for the fleecy blue sky overhead.
The Colour of the Lake
"Louise" has many moods and will always
surprise you; you will never exhaust her infinite variety,
though you watch her from hour to hour, day to day,
moment to moment. You may watch it pass from the
rose of dawn to the colour of the purplish twilight shadows,
and thence to deep azure struck with stars, or to the
shimmering silver of a moon-lit evening—and there will
always be a picture more beautiful than the last.
A word about this colour, which is so intense yet
never the same for two minutes in succession. Geologists
say that the brilliant colours of this mountain lake are
due to glacial silt. The colour depends upon the size of
the particles; if they are small they will reflect only the
shorter rays of light, which are blue, and if they are
larger they will send off rays of green. No one, however,
seems to be able to explain satisfactorily the changes of
colour in Lake Louise, yet, it would seem that this subtle
mirror registers every change in the atmosphere and the
light, and so gives one picture under brilliant noon-day
sun, another under heavy clouds, and a thousand others
at every time of day.
mt
Page Two The Swimming Pool, Chateau Lake Louise
The Discovery of the Lake
It was Tom Wilson, a western pioneer, who
found this lovely gem among the pine-clad mountains.
The story goes that Wilson, who was in camp near Laggan
in 1882, heard the roar of an avalanche one day, and
was told by some Stony Indians that the sound was
thunder from the big snow mountain above the "Lake
of Little Fishes." The next day, when Tom visited the
Lake, the wonder of the scene left him breathless.
The name of the lake was later changed to "Louise,"
in honour of the Princess Louise, a daughter of Queen
Victoria, and wife of the then Governor-General of Canada, the late Duke of Argyll.
The Chateau
■
On the margin of this most perfect lake, in
a wonderful Alpine flower garden where poppies, violets,
columbines, anemones and sheep laurel slope through
terraced lawns to the water's edge—the Canadian Pacific
has placed its great Chateau Lake Louise.
It was in 1890 that the Canadian Pacific Railway built an unpretentious log chalet, with accommodation for a few guests.   Some years later a bigger building
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Page Three Plain of Six Glaciers Tea House
was erected higher up on the slope from the lake; and
this has been repeatedly enlarged to meet the demands of
an ever-increasing stream of tourists. To-day a fire-proof
modern and luxurious hotel, with accommodation for
seven hundred guests, has replaced the humble chalet.
Across the front of the hotel extends a vast lounge
that commands an uninterrupted view of the Lake
through beautiful, single-pane windows of enormous size.
The dining-room, in the right wing, has the same wonderful
windows and view. From the ballroom in the left wing
the lake may be seen through the arches of the cloistered
terrace. Thus the visitor may rest, dine and dance
without losing sight of the beauty that attracted him
hither.
The Swimming Pool
Two fine hard tennis courts are attached to the hotel,
and a boat-house supplies rowing boats to the many
who cannot resist the magnetism of the clear, blue water.
Below the dining-room and overlooking the lake is an
attractively terraced concrete swimming-pool filled with
heated glacial water and with an instructor in attendance.
Page Four Lake Agnes Tea House
; : A Circle of Peaks
The peaks that surround Lake Louise form
such a magnificent background that many visitors ask
nothing better than to sit on the hotel verandah watching
the marvellous kaleidoscope of beauty and colour that
they present. From left to right they are:—Saddleback,
Fairview, Lefroy, Victoria, Collier, Popes Peak, Whyte,
the Devil's Thumb, the Needles, Big Beehive, Niblock,
St. Piran, and Little Beehive. At the far end of the
Lake, catching for the greater part of the day the full
glory of the sun, their snowfields standing out in dazzling
whiteness, are the glaciers that drop down from Mount
Victoria and the lofty ice-crowned head of Mount Lefroy.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise a delightful
mile-and-a-half walk along a level trail affords splendid
views of further peaks—Mount Haddo, Aberdeen and
the Mitre.
The heights of the above-mentioned peaks are:
Saddle Mountain (7,783 feet), Fairview Mountain (9,001
feet), Mount Lefroy (11,220 feet), Mount Victoria (11,355
feet), Collier (10,400 feet), Popes Peak (10,360 feet), Mount
Whyte (9,776 feet), The Devil's Thumb (8,066 feet), The
Needles (8,500 feet), Big Beehive (7,440 feet), Mount
Niblock (9,754 feet), Mount St. Piran (8,681 feet), Little
Page Five ■
Saddleback Rest House
Beehive (7,110 feet), Haddo Peak (10,073 feet), Mount
Aberdeen (10,340 feet), The Mitre (9,470 feet).
Wild Flowers
For those who are eager to go out on the trail
there are many fine excursions around Lake Louise, and
scores of beautiful things to be seen. Hundreds o'
mountain flowers bloom on the Alpine meadows, the
fragrance of which is more virginal and fresh than that of
lowland blossoms. On the high plateaus, myriads of Arctic
Alpine plants, with big flowers and tiny leaves, find shelter
from the gales beneath bent pine trees and a profusion of
creeping juniper. Here are Alpine harebells, Arctic
poppies, and some of the wee yellow saxifrages, while
covering the lower altitudes you will find the mountain
slopes thickly covered with scarlet Indian paint brush,
red and white mountain heath and heather, wild heliotropes, and the trailing vines of the lovely northern twin
flower.
Bordering the lake grow the little pink swamp
laurels, dainty wintergreens and fragrant orchids, and as
you follow up the trail at the southern end which leads
to the foot of Victoria Glacier, vast numbers of false
forget-me-nots, yellow arnicas and red-tasselled meadow-
rues and the showy blossoms of the cow-parsnips fill the
Page Six Moraine Lake Bungaloiv Camp
floor  of the  valley  where  your  pathway  is  edged  by
anemones, alumroots and gentians.
Trail Riding
I f y o u are not used to mountain climbing, do
not be alarmed if you cannot mount the slope with
alacrity, and your heart thumps. It may do so simply
because the air is thin up in the mountains, and until
you are well acclimatized to these altitudes it is better
to walk leisurely. You can rest awhile on one of the
rustic log benches that are placed beside the path, with
care and appreciation of the artistic vistas one beholds
on every side.
There is a livery office in the hotel, and sure-footed
mountain ponies may be obtained for the trail.
r - I
Lakes in the Clouds
To the right of the Chateau is one of the
easiest and loveliest trails to follow. It rises rapidly
through a steep pine forest abounding in shrubs and
alpine flowers, while varied and sweeping views are to be
seen through the occasional gaps in the forest. Passing
above the snow-line the trail reaches the first of the
Lakes in the Clouds,  resting an icy blue in the green
Page Seven Wapta Bungalow Camp
forest bowl. This is Mirror Lake; into it a noisy cataract
drops down a boulder-strewn cliff from Lake Agnes, the
second of the Lakes in the Clouds.
The trail winds then over a rocky path above the pines
to Lake Agnes, 1,200 feet above Lake Louise. This lake
never thaws until mid-July and is as quiet, though not
so brilliantly coloured, as Mirror Lake, some 200 feet
below. It is guarded by its own little cirque of white-
headed peaks around which the sunlight and the billowing
clouds chase each other with fascinating swiftness.
A delightful log Tea-House stands on the cliff-top
where the cataract falls down from Lake Agnes. Its wide
hearth throws out a welcome warmth, and its windows
command two wonderful views. On the one side is Lake
Agnes and the cirque almost overhead; on the other side
a vast panorama of the Bow Valley fades into the distance.
The well-shod climber can continue to the top of the
Little Beehive, or to the Observatory on top of the Big
Beehive, or still further afield to the top of Mount St.
Piran, 3,000 feet above Lake Louise.
Plain of the Six Glaciers
Besides the mighty tongue of the Victoria
Glacier, many smaller glaciers descend into the cirque,
and on the right side of the cirque is the Plain of the Six
■■■'■■■■■■■■•■■■■■■S^6
Page Eight ,,•       ,•■#:.&#   &
m?  *■*
Victoria Glacier, from the Lower Trail
Glaciers, where a beautiful Tea-House with broad verandahs has been placed at the head as an excellent resting
place. The six glaciers in question are the Lower Victoria,
the Upper Victoria, the Lower Lefroy, the Upper Lefroy'
Aberdeen, and Popes.
The Plain can be reached by two trails. One continues
from the Lake Agnes Tea-House, following the right shore
of the lake into the little cirque as far round as the Big
Beehive, then descending between the Big Beehive and
the Devil's Thumb down a steep zig-zagging trail into
the Plain. Before reaching the plain the trail branches
in three directions, all of which eventually lead to the
second trail into the plain.
The second trail leads directly from the Chateau to
the Plain, some 4 miles away, along the broad path to
the right of Lake Louise and up the Victoria Creek to the
foot of the glacier. At this point the trails finally unite
and make a winding ascent to the Tea-House, from which
the view of the cirque and Victoria Glacier, hanging
between the cliffs of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria is
unparalleled.
The tea-house provides all meals, and sleeping
accommodation. There is a continuation of the trail
down to the route over Abbot Pass.
m
Page Nine Abbot Pass
One of the longer expeditions that can be undertaken by the novice—who must, however, be accompanied
by a Swiss guide—is over Abbot Pass from the Victoria
Glacier. It is well to start in the morning, taking the
trail round the west shore of the Lake, ascending the
Victoria Valley and following the edge of Victoria Creek
until you reach the foot of the glacier. You can make a
short diversion to the Plain of Six Glaciers Tea-House
en route.
The glacier is three miles long, and half a mile wide,
and there is much of interest such as glacier tables,
moulins and seracs, that your guide will be able to tell
you all about. Most people prefer to stop for the night
at the comfortable Alpine Hut on Abbot Pass, and see
a most glorious sunrise in the morning.
Lake O'Hara
In the morning you can descend the other
side of the Pass to Lake O'Hara, one of the loveliest of all
Rocky Mountain waters. Here there is a Bungalow Camp
where you may stay before returning to Louise, and
perhaps, if you have a few hours to spare, take the trail
that leads to Lake McArthur, whose blue waters lie at an
altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier here, and huge
blocks of ice may be seen floating on the surface of the
lake, even in the summer time.
Moraine Lake
Another pearl of the Rockies is Moraine
Lake, 9 miles from the Chateau Lake Louise, at the end
of one of the finest short motor rides in the mountains.
This lovely mountain lake, exquisitely blue-green in colour,
lies in the Valley of the Ten Peaks—a tremendous and
majestic semi-circle that with jagged profile encircles the
eastern and southern end of the lake. Not one of these
peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height—the highest, Mount
Deltaform, is 11,225 feet. Standing off a little, as a sort
of outpost, is the Tower of Babel, an interesting rock
formation of unusual shape.
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp
ATTHEFOOTof the lake, where the creek flows
out into the Valley, is Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp.
The main building, in its attractive forest setting, contains
a bright living and dining-room. The small, separate,
log sleeping cabins are near at hand providing sleeping
accommodation.    The camp is an admirable centre for
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Page Ten ' " ;
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The Valley of the Ten Peaks, Moraine Lake
trail-riders and walkers who wish to explore the valley's
surroundings, and for mountaineers who aspire to the
peaks. An attractive excursion is to the Consolation
Lakes, within easy reach of the Camp, and tne waters of
which contain a plentiful supply of rainbow, Dolly Varden
and cut-throat trout.
Saddleback
To the l e f t of the Chateau Lake Louise, another
beautiful ride or walk follows the broad trail up the further
side of Fairview Mountain to the Saddleback. The view
from the pass between Fairview and the Saddleback is a
magnificent panorama of Paradise Valley far below, with
its little Lake Annette gleaming like an emerald and its
steep, brown-sided guardian mountains crowned by the
snowy summit of Mount Temple in the distance rising
11,626 feet. &
On the Saddleback is a rest-house, 1,800 feet above
Lake Louise. From this point climbers can reach the summit of Fairview, 9,001 feet high, or can go in the opposite
direction to the top of the Saddleback, 7,993 feet high.
The rider can continue between the Saddleback and
Mount Sheol down a winding trail through the lovely
Sheol Valley to find himself at length in beautiful Paradise
^Bmmmm*—*^******—*^^*****
Page Eleven Valley, which from the Pass had looked so mysteriously
lovely and distantly low that it had seemed a vision
rather than reality.
Paradise Valley
Paradise Valley is about 6 miles long and
lies between Lake Louise and Moraine Lake. It is a
garden of the mountains, carpeted with green and dotted
with brightly hued Alpine flowers of many varieties,
including anemones and asters. It is a very attractive
trail ride either directly from the Chateau or by way of
the Saddleback. At the head of the Valley, Paradise
Creek cascades down an enormous rock stairway called
the Giant's Steps, from which the trail leads across the
creek and returns by way of Lake Annette. This tiny
mountain lake is the emerald heart of the valley and over
it rises the mighty white head of Mount Temple. The
trail then recrosses the creek to join the main trail back
to the Chateau.
The route to Moraine Lake can also be followed by
trail-riders, while climbers can test their skill by returning
along the steep and difficult trail leading from the head
of the Lake, over Sentinel Pass, and down into Paradise
Valley.
Mount St. Piran
Another easy climb leads to Mount St.
Piran, 3,000 feet above Lake Louise. Ponies for the St.
Piran climb may be taken as far as Mirror Lake, but
from there on the trail must be made on foot.
Motoring at Lake Louise
The c o m p r eh e n s i v e programme of road-
construction carried on by the National Parks Department
of the Canadian Government during the past few years
has rendered easily accessible some of the most magnificent
scenery in the Canadian Rockies. These roads are of
hard, stable construction. Excellent automobile services
(both private cars and organized sight-seeing busses)
greatly enhance the pleasure of the visitor.
To Banff
From Lake Loui se to Banff is a fine 42-mile
motor trip, following practically all the way close to the
Bow River. Leaving behind Mount Temple—one of the
most stately piles in the mountains—one comes to Castle
Mountain, which rears its long and imposing castellated
bulk along the north. A short detour south enables one
Page Twelve J
Paradise Valley from the Saddleback
Page Thirteen k
Lake Louise
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp is nine miles
by road from the
Chateau Lake Louise.
Wapta Bungalow Camp
is eight miles—Banff, 42
miles.
Saddleback Rest
House, Lake Agnes Tea
House, and Plain of the
Six Glaciers Tea House
are reached by trail.
Abbot Pass Alpine Hut
— by climbing. Lake
O'Hara Bungalow Camp
is reached by climb over
Abbot Pass or by trail
from Wapta.
The Chateau Lake
Louise has an altitude
of 5,670 feet above sea-
level. Lake Louise station is 5,044 feet. Altitudes of some of the
principal peaks are
shown on this map.
Wtmmmmwmam*
Page Fourteen
Page Fifteen Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
to reach Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp on the Banff-
Windermere Road, from which a beautiful view of the
Bow Valley is obtained.
At about 26 miles from Lake Louise a stop is made
at Johnston Canyon, where the Johnston Creek dashes
between high rock walls and falls in a series of miniature
cascades which are spanned by tiny rustic bridges.
Gradually the canyon reveals its loveliness. Its climax is
a clear blue pool, only partly disturbed by the whirlpool
caused by falls from a gorge above. From the road to
the end of the Canyon is three-quarters of a mile.
From Johnston Canyon into Banff is a beautiful run,
near the Vermilion Lakes crossing a spot that is the
favorite haunt of a large herd of mountain sheep, which
in this National Park have sanctuary, environed all the
time by magnificent forests and mountains.
To Emerald Lake
There is a fine road to Field and Emerald
Lake. This leads west to the Great Divide, crossing the
railway near Wapta Bungalow Camp at Hector, and
follows the brawling Kicking Horse River. It is a
spectacular ride and links up with roads in Yoho National
Park. During the season, regular daily sight-seeing motor
services leave Lake Louise and return in the evening.
Page Sixteen Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
The Kicking Horse Trail
I N 1927 A further extension was opened from
near Emerald Lake to Golden—"The Kicking Horse
Trail," named from the river which it follows for so
many miles.    This is a most spectacular ride.
At Golden, the Columbia River road, running south
to Lake Windermere and Cranbrook, joins this road, and
makes a magnificent circle trip which is mentioned later
under the name of "The Lariat Trail."
24-Hour Motor Detour
One of the finest of organized automobile
excursions is the new "24-Hour Motor Detour" inaugurated last year. This is from Banff to Golden, and gives a
rapid survey of the "high-lights" of the nearer mountain
region. Leaving Banff after lunch, a 42-mile run is made
to Lake Louise, and the night spent at the Chateau Lake
Louise. Next morning the journey continues to the
Great Divide, Wapta Lake, the Kicking Horse Pass,
Yoho Valley, Emerald Lake, the Kicking Horse Canyon
and Golden. Similar schedules are established in the
reverse direction.
This Detour is so timed as to waste no time, but to
pick through passengers up soon after their arrival at
Page Seventeen, either Banff (going westward) or Golden (going eastward),
and to set them down at the other end of the trip in time
to take their train. Special arrangements are made for
handling baggage and sleeping-car reservations. The
length of the detour, including a sight-seeing ride round
Banff, is 142 miles.
Banff-Windermere Road
The famous Banff-Windermere Road, pioneer
and still perhaps the leader of the mountain roads, takes
you into a magnificent section. The journey can be
commenced equally well from Lake Louise, the distances
being the same, 104 miles to Lake Windermere; for the
road to Windermere takes off from the Banff-Louise
road near Castle Mountain, equi-distant between those
points. It runs over the Vermilion Pass (altitude 5,264
feet) into Kootenay National Park, and then follows the
Vermilion and Kootenay Rivers until within a few miles
of Sinclair Pass. Passing through Sinclair Canyon, the
road emerges after several miles into the Columbia River
Valley and soon reaches the beautiful Lake Windermere.
To afford accommodation for those making this trip,
the Canadian Pacific has erected two bungalow camps
en route. These halts for either meals or sleeping accommodation are conveniently spaced as to distance: they are
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp (26 miles) and Radium
Hot Springs Camp (91 miles) Each has a central club
house for dining and recreational purposes, and sleeping
accommodation in separate log bungalows.
Lake Windermere
Lake Windermere is a centre for excursions
up Toby Creek and Horse Thief Creek to the great ice
fields of the Selkirks, notably the Lake of the Hanging
Glaciers. Bathing, riding, boating, fishing and motoring
can be enjoyed on the shores of Lake Windermere, and
good trout fishing can be found in nearby creeks and
some of the smaller lakes.
The Lariat Trail
The Columbia River Highway runs
from Golden to Lake Windermere, thus forming, in
connection with the Banff-Windermere Road, the Banff-
Louise Road, and the Kicking Horse Trail, a complete
circuit of three National Parks—Rocky Mountains, Yoho
and Kootenay.
A very fine excursion, called "The Lariat Trail,"
occupying    three   days,   is   organized   to   leave   Banff
Page Eighteen Emerald Lake Chalet
twice a week in the summer months to embrace all these.
Leaving Banff, it proceeds to Castle Mountain, turns
south along the Banff-Windermere Road as far as Radium
Hot Springs (where the first night is spent), thence turns
north to Golden and east along the Kicking Horse Canyon
to Emerald Lake (second night). The third day it runs
to Yoho Valley, Wapta Lake, the Great Divide, Lake
Louise and Banff.
Other Trail Trips at Lake Louise
The Skoki Valley, 24 miles from Lake
Louise—camping ground at Skoki Lake, in an Alpine
meadow amid high glacial surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty. Good fishing. Take
camping outfit.   Trip made by arrangement only.
Trips to the Ptarmigan Valley, Hector Lake, Bow
Lake, the Molar Pass, the Pipestone Valley and Baker
Creek—by arrangement only.
Ptarmigan and Phacelia Lakes are two typical Alpine
pools, where Arctic-Alpine plants grow in dwarfed form,
among them the purple-pink moss campions, hare's tails,
buckbean and brook lobelia. As its name indicates,
ptarmigan are plentiful in the region of Ptarmigan Lake,
as are also grouse and wild-fowl.   Phacelia Lake is named
^_____^n.w^Hna
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»*»<"> '"'' ■»»"!■ » W ''—» "Ml 1.IIILM1
Page Nineteen after the quantities of these lovely blooms that grow near
its brink.
The Mountain Pony
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, foolproof, untiring, can be ridden by practically anyone,
whether he or she has ever before been on a horse or not.
From the Chateau Lake Louise and other hotels and
bungalow camps in the Canadian Rockies, there are
good roads and trails radiating in all directions, which
are kept up by the National Parks Department. Some
trail trips are of one day's duration only; others stretch
over several days, necessitating carrying camping outfit.
It is customary on all long trips, and even on some short
ones, to engage guides who supply horses, tents, food,
etc., and do the necessary cooking. The Circle Trail
Ride starting from Lake Louise, however, simplifies
the problem of packhorses, as every night but one will be
spent in a bungalow camp.
The Trail Riders of the Rockies
Those who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the Canadian Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies, which
affords an unusual opportunity for those interested in
trail-riding to get together. The aims of the Trail Riders'
Association are, principally, to encourage travel on
horseback through the Canadian Rockies, to foster the
maintenance and improvement of old trails and the
building of new trails, and to encourage the love of outdoor
life.
Membership is of several grades, according to the
distance ridden—50, 100, 500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles.
There are now 1,100 members.
Official Ride
Each Year an annual "Pow-Wow" and Official
Ride is held, lasting several days and bringing together a
large number cf men and women interested in this fine
recreation of trail-riding. The 1929 Official Ride will
be from Banff up Healy Creek over the Simpson Pass,
with a side trip to Egypt Lakes and then via Shadow
Lake and Twin Lakes over a new trail to Castle Mountain
Bungalow Camp, where the Pow-Wow will be held—the
date of ride and Pow-Wow being August lst-4th.
A few days later, there will be a twenty-day ride to
the Columbia Ice Fields, over Bow Pass from Lake
Louise,   limited  to  twenty  riders  exclusive  of guides.
■ -.-"   ....,-..:■:--. ..
Page Twenty "But it was in the ascent of the Rockies that there
fell upon us that overwhelming sense of power in the
rivers, of immensity in the distances, and especially in
the evening glow, of eternal strength among the mountains
—these were the feelings which will never fade out of
memory. The nearest approach which I think can be
made to perfect beauty upon earth is probably at Lake
Louise, that jewel in Canada s rocky crown.^
—Lord Shaw of Dunfermline
n» \Wn
Page Twenty-one Those participating in this long ride must have qualified
by holding the silver button (100 miles) or higher grades
of button.
Rates for the Simpson Pass-Egypt Lake Ride,
including horse, food and share of tent, will be $50.00.
Riders must bring their own sleeping bags and blankets.
Rates for the longer ride, on application to the Secretary-
Treasurer. Reservations must be made at least fourteen
days in advance to the Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. J. M.
Gibbon, Room 324; Windsor Station, Montreal, Que.
Bungalow Camps Circle Trip
In addition to the official ride, and under
the auspices of the Trail Riders' Association, Circle Trail
Rides will be operated during July and August from Lake
Louise around those of the Bungalow Camps which are
situated in Yoho National Park. These circle rides will
leave on any day, accompanied by guide, provided there
is a minimum of three persons.
The trip will last six days, with the following itinerary
First Day—Motor or ride to Wapta Camp.   After lunch,
ride to Lake O'Hara Camp.
Second Day—Side trip to Lake McArthur, spending the
night in a new cabin and tent-camp on McArthur
Creek.
Third   Day—Ride   from   McArthur   Creek   down   the
Ottertail Trail to Emerald Lake,
hourth Day—From Emerald Lake ride over Yoho Pass
to Yoho Valley Camp.
Fifth Day—Side trip to Twin Falls, spending the night
at Yoho Valley Camp.
Sixth Day—Ride over Burgess Pass to Field, and motor
or ride back to Emerald Lake.
The rates for these Circle Trips are $10.00 per day,
inclusive of pony, food and sleeping accommodation in
either tents or bungalow camps (except for the Emerald
Lake day, which is $12.00).
Mountain Climbing
The Canadian Rockies present to the
mountain climber one of the most extensive and interesting fields of any easily accessible ranges of the world.
Noted climbers make their way thither from all parts of
the world. But let not the novice be daunted; there
are easy climbs aplenty for him to graduate from—
^n some, indeed, he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk good
trails almost to the summit, while on others a short
scramble will bring him to his goal.
Page Twenty-two
.-■•..--■ Lake O^Hara
It is difficult to imagine anything more fascinating
than to start out in the early morning, stepping in half
an hour from the perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel
into the primitive glory of cliff and crag, winding waterway
and frozen grandeur, to spend the day among the mountains. With a blue sky overhead, the air soft with the
sweet resinous spice of the forest, and all cares left far
behind, one sees only beautiful sights, hears only wonderland sounds, and for a whole long day lives close to the
very heart of Nature in her most splendid mood.
The Alpine Club
The Alpine Club of Canada, with over 600
members, and headquarters at Banff, holds a camp each
year in the Canadian Rockies, and welcomes those who
have the ambition to climb, or are interested in mountains.
The Annual Camp this year will be held in the last two
weeks of July, at Rogers Pass, near Glacier, B.C.
Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain
climbing centres of the Rockies, and has many good climbs
both for the novice and the experienced alpinist. Some
short and easy climbs will be found in the Beehive, Mount
St. Piran, Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview. For
the  expert  alpinist  there  are  plenty  of climbs  around
9&&t£BSIett*tSli**
Page Twenty-three Lake Louise that will provide him with sufficient opportunity to use his skill. Some of these are the ascent to
Mounts Whyte, Popes, Collier, the north peak of Victoria,
Lefroy, the Mitre and Aberdeen.
Swiss Guides
Swiss Guides are attached to the Chateau
Lake Louise for those who wish to visit the glaciers or climb
mountains. As they are greatly in demand, it is advisable
,to make arrangements well in advance. Rates $7.00 per
day. Climbers should be equipped with Swiss Alpine
climbing boots.
What to Wear
It is most important for anyone undertaking
climbs to be properly dressed and equipped. Most men
find that they are comfortable in closely woven tweed or
corduroy knickerbockers—flannel shirt, soft hat, heavy
stockings, sweater and strong boots properly studded
with nails. It is wiser to wear suspenders rather than a
belt; and if in addition to the above mentioned articles,
you carry woollen gloves, a pair of smoked glasses, field
glasses, ice-axe, a collapsible drinking cup and a silk
handkerchief, your comfort will be assured under any
circumstances. A woman should wear a short walking
skirt, or breeches, a woollen shirt, high stout boots with
nails, and a sweater or coat.
Wild Life
'". A ll t H e s e expeditions hold a wonderful charm,
especially for those interested in the wild animal life of
the mountains, and in the exquisite Alpine flowers. Over
500 species of flowers grow in the Rocky Mountains, and
many of these are to be found in the valleys and on the
lower slopes and Alpine meadows of the Lake Louise
region. The most plentiful species have been mentioned
above.
Of the wild creatures, the Hoary Marmot, who is
well-known by his shrill whistle, the Marten, the Chipmunk, the Bighorn or Mountain Sheep and Blacktail or
Mule Deer, are seen in large numbers. Black Bears are
also not uncommon and are very tame, many of them
even showing a willingness to become pets.
It is a common saying that there are no birds in the
mountains, but anyone with eyes and ears can soon
disprove this belief. The Franklin grouse is one species
which nearly every visitor is bound to see. This bird
seems to have no sense at all and is generally referred
to as  the   "fool-hen."    A  type  of  Canadian jay,   the
Page Twenty-four At Ptarmigan Lake \
Whiskey-jack, is plentiful enough., and sometimes these
saucy birds will inspect you from every angle. Other
birds likely to be seen are the Mountain Bluebird, Eagle,
Ptarmigan, the Cheerful Chickadee, Water Ousel and
Humming-bird.
Photographers
Lake Louise is a paradise for photographers.
Its infinite variety of pictures can never be exhausted.
There are new and beautiful vistas at every turn, so always
take your camera with you, so that you may be able to
take pictures of some of them back home with you.
The Chateau Lake Louise has its own photographic
department, where developing and printing is done by
experts and at reasonable prices.
Fishing at Lake Louise
Five varieties of game fish have their
habitat in the waters of the Rocky Mountains National
Park, the cut-throat, lake, Dolly Varden, bull and brook
trout. Around Lake Louise, reasonably good fishing can
be obtained in the Pipestone River, Consolation Lake,
and the Upper Bow Lakes. The open season for fishing
in the national parks is from July 1st to September 30th,
inclusive.    There is a Fishing Inspector at the office of
ii- r>___ ii-'■■liriM
Page Twenty-five the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains Park, at Banff.
There is also good fishing near Banff.
The Beginning of the Rockies
But Lake Louise and the giant mountains
surrounding it, with their tremendous caps of eternal
snow, existed for millions of years before Tom Wilson
found them, or before the Canadian Pacific broke its way
through the mountains. It is awe-inspiring to imagine
a time when the Rockies weren't here at all. That was
long ago, before the jelly-fish and the brachiopod ever
squirmed in the Cambrian slime, and the place where
these great mountains now stand was the floor of an
inland sea.
The western limit of this sea was the Selkirk range,
on the shores of the great continent of Cascadia, which
stretched almost to where China is to-day, and its eastern
limit was probably somewhere near Lake Huron. Through
countless centuries, mud poured into this sea from Cascadia,
until a bed 50,000 feet thick was formed. During the
Carboniferous period, as the result of tremendous pressure
exerted from the west, the floor of the ocean began to rise;
slowly it rose through the millions of years which followed,
until there was a great swamp, where huge dinosaurs
wallowed  in  luxurious  content.
Then again, at the end of the Age of Reptiles, there
was another tremendous thrust which crumpled up the
rocky crust, folded it and lifted it miles high in the air.
No sooner were the mountains uplifted than the forces of
destruction began the work of tearing them down. Wind
and frost split up the rocks along the lines of striation
and carved them into sculptured forms.
Glaciers
Then for many thousands of years, frost and
silence held the mountains in their grip. Glaciers formed
in the valleys, pressing down the heights with increasing
force and tearing the rocks as they came. For thousands
of years the ice advanced, receded, and advanced again.
After countless ages the warmth came again and the
Ice King went back to the Arctic, but many of the glaciers
still remain, and it has been observed that they move a
certain distance from time to time. The glaciers of the
Canadian Rockies, like those of some other countries, are
nearly all in retreat, owing to lessening snowfall and
moderating climate.
Opening Up of the Mountains
I t w A s only a little more than one hundred years
ago that the Rockies came to the knowledge of the white
■   ''X'''':-*«!&._..
Mountain Climbing near Lake Louise
man. The Indians preceded him, but except for shelter
from hostile tribes, or hunting, they avoided the mountains. Many names are linked with the opening of the
Rockies to the world, such as those of de la Verandrye,
who crossed the prairies in 1743, and of Sir Alexander
Mackenzie, who, overcoming toil and hardship, made his
way to the coast.
The discovery of Kicking Horse Pass by Sir James
Hector, geologist of the British expedition under Palliser,
and of Rogers Pass by Rogers, Engineer for the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company, were the two keys needed to
unlock the Rockies. In 1885, when the last spike, marking
the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway from
coast to coast, was driven by Sir Donald Smith (later Lord
Strathcona), at Craigellachie, B.C., the West and East
were at last linked together.
mmmmm
Page Twenty-six
Page Twenty-seven the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains Park, at Banff.
There is also good fishing near Banff.
The Beginning of the Rockies
But Lake Louise and the giant mountains
surrounding it, with their tremendous caps of eternal
snow, existed for millions of years before Tom Wilson
found them, or before the Canadian Pacific broke its way
through the mountains. It is awe-inspiring to imagine
a time when the Rockies weren't here at all. That was
long ago, before the jelly-fish and the brachiopod ever
squirmed in the Cambrian slime, and the place where
these great mountains now stand was the floor of an
inland sea.
The western limit of this sea was the Selkirk range,
on the shores of the great continent of Cascadia, which
stretched almost to where China is to-day, and its eastern
limit was probably somewhere near Lake Huron. Through
countless centuries, mud poured into this sea from Cascadia,
until a bed 50,000 feet thick was formed. During the
Carboniferous period, as the result of tremendous pressure
exerted from the west, the floor of the ocean began to rise;
slowly it rose through the millions of years which followed,
until there was a great swamp, where huge dinosaurs
wallowed  in  luxurious  content.
Then again, at the end of the Age of Reptiles, there
was another tremendous thrust which crumpled up the
rocky crust, folded it and lifted it miles high in the air.
No sooner were the mountains uplifted than the forces of
destruction began the work of tearing them down. Wind
and frost split up the rocks along the lines of striation
and carved them into sculptured forms.
Glaciers
Then for many thousands of years, frost and
silence held the mountains in their grip. Glaciers formed
in the valleys, pressing down the heights with increasing
force and tearing the rocks as they came. For thousands
of years the ice advanced, receded, and advanced again.
After countless ages the warmth came again and the
Ice King went back to the Arctic, but many of the glaciers
still remain, and it has been observed that they move a
certain distance from time to time. The glaciers of the
Canadian Rockies, like those of some other countries, are
nearly all in retreat, owing to lessening snowfall and
moderating climate.
Opening Up of the Mountains
I t w A s only a little more than one hundred years
ago that the Rockies came to the knowledge of the white
mmmmmt.
Page Twenty-six Mountain Climbing near Lake Louise
man. The Indians preceded him, but except for shelter
from hostile tribes, or hunting, they avoided the mountains. Many names are linked with the opening of the
Rockies to the world, such as those of de la Verandrye,
who crossed the prairies in 1743, and of Sir Alexander
Mackenzie, who, overcoming toil and hardship, made his
way to the coast.
The discovery of Kicking Horse Pass by Sir James
Hector, geologist of the British expedition under Palliser,
and of Rogers Pass by Rogers, Engineer for the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company, were the two keys needed to
unlock the Rockies. In 1885, when the last spike, marking
the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway from
coast to coast, was driven by Sir Donald Smith (later Lord
Strathcona), at Craigellachie, B.C., the West and East
were at last linked together.
Page Twenty-seven ■ ^
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JilillHllWflii
^^H
Abbot Pass Alpine Hut
Other Canadian Pacific Hotels
in the Rockies
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B.C.
Hotel Palliser, Calgary
: Bungalow Camps
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
Wapta Bungalow Camp
Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp
Li.TMi-ULU
Page Twenty-eight  - WHAT TO
AT
i
,:■..;     I .

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