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Quebec : ancient portal of the new world Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Hotels. Le Chateau Frontenac 1922

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For three decades the
Chateau Frontenac, rock-
perched above the St. Lawrence, has been a landmark for
those who travel either by
land or by water. During
that period, indeed, the name
of this beautiful hotel has become so
linked with that of Quebec as to have
become almost interchangeable.
Because ol its associations with the
brave French pioneers who first established civilization in North America,
Quebec has a vivid personality not possessed by any other city of this continent. Side by side with modern development, it has retained much of the distinction of an old-world citv. The Chateau
Frontenac, reproducing the charm of
a mediaeval French chateau, has emphasized that  picturesque atmosphere.
Next year, when additional construction, which has been in progress for
some time, will be completed, the Chateau
Frontenac—towering on the historic site
of Champlain's fort—will double its
effective size. This therefore seems an
opportune time for a survey of some of
the principal events in Quebec's history.
W. G. ANNABLE,
Asst. Passenger Traffic Manager,
MONTREAL.
C. B.FOSTER,
Passenger Traffic Manager,
MONTREAL
H. W. BRODIE,
Asst. Passenger Traffic Manager, (
MONTREAL.
C. E. E. USSHER,
General Passenger Traffic Manager,
MONTREAL.
c. e. Mcpherson,
Asst. Passenger Traffic Manager,
WINNIPEG.
W. R. MacINNES, _
Vice-President in Charge of Traffic
MONTREAL.
CANADIAN PACIFIC
CHRISTMAS 1922
PRINTED IN CANADA  m< Quebec and (lie
The Chateau Frontenac and Dufferin Terrace.
TAN DING as she does, perched on a rock and
scattered up a cliff, Quebec occupies a position remarkable—temperamentally as well as topographically—amongst the cities of America. She might
be described as the Spirit of Romance in an un-
romantic age. For in these latter days, when the
process of standardization has so reduced regions
to an average that it would be almost impossible,
were one set down suddenly in their midst and a
blindfolding bandage removed from one's eyes,
to tell them apart—when, say, the city of the
Pacific Coast or of the prairies practically duplicates the externals of the Atlantic seaboard city—
Quebec retains so distinct and so vivid a difference
that she has the most marked individuality of any
city of this continent.
Much of it is due, of course, to the fact that Quebec was the birthplace of
North America. She was already established when the Pilgrim Fathers landed
at Plymouth Rock. She has grown old so gracefully and so gradually that she
has not found it necessary to obliterate the successive stages of her growth. Side by side with the development of modern
commerce and a modern outlook, she has
kept beautiful, massive buildings that were
the characteristics of an older day when men
built both massively and beautifully.
More than that, she is essentially French.
Although Montreal (which incidentally is the
fifth largest French-speaking city of the
world) is so much greater in population, the
"ancient capital" is the source of authority
and inspiration of French culture of the
western hemisphere. Quebec was discovered
by a Frenchman, and established by a Frenchman. For over 150 years she was the stronghold of the French Empire in America, and
she is still the principal link that binds old
France to the Dominion of Canada.
But besides this, Quebec is linked with
the cities of the West and of the United States.
For from her fared forth explorers and
geographers who stopped not until they
reached the Gulf of Mexico to the south and
the head waters of the mighty rivers of the
west. The search for the "sweet waters" of
the Indians lured her sons until the Great
Lakes were as familiar to them as their own
St. Lawrence; the urge to establish a mighty
empire for France sent her bravest and most
brilliant explorers southwards to where the
Mississippi empties into the Gulf of Mexico.
Jolliet and Marquette, DuLhut and LaSalle—
are not these names to conjure with, even in
that land rich in the annals of enterprise?
The search for the "Great River of the West"
rumored in Indian legends, and now identified as the Columbia, drew the Chevalier de
la Verendrye even across the prairies to the
foothills of the Rocky Mountains.
It was during one
of her proudest and most
prosperous periods that
France began the creation of an empire beyond the Atlantic. The
pioneer of that enter-
prise was Jacques
Carrier, an intrepid sea-
captain of St. Malo, on
the coast of Brittany.
He was 15 years old
when Columbus died,
and he followed with
remarkable fascination
the narratives of Columbus and the other great
discoverers of that age of
great  discoveries.
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The "Canadian Suite*\ with its old French-Canadian furniture, reproduces the atmosphere
of seigneurial days.
Bursting with the spirit of the times, he too yearned to find the mysterious
pathway to the East, the fabled passage that would link France with China
and bring to the very doors of Europe the wealth and romance of Asia. So
Jacques Cartier fared forth in 1534 across the almost unknown Atlantic.
Upon his second voyage, 1535-1536, the fame of Jacques Cartier chiefly
rests. If he did not find the long-sought passage to the Western Sea, at least
he added to the dominions of France a territory of which the potential wealth,
as we now see, was not surpassed even by the riches of Cathay. In his ship,
the "Grande Hermine," of 120 tons7 burden, and accompanied by two smaller
craft, the "Petite Hermine" and the "Emerillon" (or "Sparrow Hawk"), with
112 persons, including a crew of 74 trained Malouins and two savages who had
been taken to France on the previous journey and were now to act as interpreters,
Cartier ascended the St. Lawrence, which he had himself discovered. On the
way, he visited Stadacona, the great settlement of Huron-Iroquois Indians which
occupied the site between the present Rue de la Fabrique and the Cote Ste.
Genevieve, Quebec.
There is little need to dwell upon the hopes and fears, the triumphs and
reverses of that first grim winter at Quebec. Cartier came to these coasts to
find a pathway to the empire of the East. He found, instead, a country vast
and beautiful  beyond  his  dreams.    The  enthusiasm  of it  entered   his  soul. He it was who gave Canada its name, for
when Donnacona, lord of the tribes settled
at Stadacona, asked Cartier to come with
him to vsee his village, calling it "Kannata,"
which in the Indian tongue means a collection of huts, Cartier misunderstood him and
thought Kannata was the name of the district. Thus his error supplied the beautiful
name of our country.
From Cartier the scene shifts some
seventy years, to the age of further discovery
and definite settlement inspired by Samuel
de Champlain. The son of a sea-captain, and
skilled from boyhood in seamanship and
navigation, Champlain had some years of
campaigning and of exploration in the West
Indies and Mexico to fit him for his great
career. He made two voyages to Canada
before he founded Quebec—the first in 1603,
when he explored the St. Lawrence as far as
the rapids above Montreal, and the other in
1604, when, in company with the Sieur de
Monts, he visited the rockv coast of "Acadia/
There he founded Port Royal, since known as
Annapolis Royal.
It was upon his third voyage, in 1608,
that Champlain, forsaking Acadia and reverting to the St. Lawrence, founded Quebec.
His own terse account is very interesting.
"From the Island of Orleans to Quebec the
distance is a league. I arrived there on the
third of July, when I searched for a place
suitable for our settlement, but I could find
none more convenient or better than the point
of Quebec, so called by the savages, which
was covered with nut trees. I at once employed a portion of our workmen in cutting
them down that we might construct our
habitation there. One I set to sawing boards,
another to making a cellar and digging
ditches, another I sent
to Tadousac with the
barque to get supplies.
The first thing we made
was the storehouse for
keeping under cover our
supplies, which was
promptly accomplished
through the zeal of all
and my attention to
the work."
^ Thus opens Cham-
plain's tale of the place
with which his name is
imperishably linked. He
was both the founder of
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The large and handsome dining room of the Chateau Frontenac.
Quebec and its preserver. During his lifetime the results may have seemed
pitifully small; but by steadfastness he prevailed, and at his death he had created
a colony which became the New France of Talon and Frontenac.
As an explorer and geographer, Champlain easily stands first in that glorious
company which linked Quebec with the even less-known territory to the south and
west of it. With his Indian allies and a few Frenchmen, he ascended the St.
Lawrence and turned south along the Richelieu, then known as the River of the
Iroquois, reaching the lake which now bears his name. In 1613 he ascended the
Ottawa, and again in 1615, crossing the latter time to Lake Nipissing and thence
to Georgian Bay via the French River. Continuing his journey by way of Lake
Simcoe, the Trent River and the Bay of Quinte, he was the first white man to
set eyes upon Lake Ontario.
In 1620 Champlain began the construction of the Fort St. Louis on a portion
of the ground now covered by Dufferin Terrace. At that date the whole population of Quebec did not exceed fifty persons The fort later became the Chateau
St. Louis, and was the governor's residence; and it was upon its site that the
Chateau Frontenac was erected, in the early 'nineties of last century.
The colony's first seigneur was Louis Hebert, a native of Paris, who, with
a streak of adventure beneath his suave apothecary's exterior, had come to
Acadia in 1604 with Biencourt de Poutrincourt.    Lescarbot describes Hebert
8 sowing corn and planting vines and taking
great pleasure in the cultivation of the soil
of Port Royal when that colony comprised
five persons. Later, after some years of bloodletting and pill-mixing back in Paris, the
wanderlust seized Hebert again. This time
he took his wife, his two daughters and his
son, and, shutting up his shop for all time,
sailed with Champlain for Quebec in 1617.
At Champlain's suggestion he simply took a
piece of land above the settlement at Quebec,
and without waiting for any formal title-deed
began devoting every spare minute to clearing
it. He built the first dwelling to be erected
on the plateau above the village.
Another who received a grant of land
about the same time as Hebert was Abraham Martin, nicknamed "The Scot." He
seems to have been a carpenter by trade, but
became a merchant and pilot—indeed, he is
the first recorded King's Pilot on the St.
Lawrence. From him the Heights of Abraham, where took place the battle between
Montcalm and Wolfe, were named. There
were many Scots adventurers in the armies
of France, and Abraham Martin was probably
the offspring of one of these.
In the vear 1639 some Ursuline nuns and
Sisters of the Hotel-Dieu arrived in Quebec.
Their leader was Mere Marie de l'lncarnation,
nee Marie Guyard, and she was the foundress
of the Ursuline Convent at Quebec, which
exercised so happy an influence upon the home
life of the new community, as well as rendering important services to New France. The
"Theresa of New France," as she has been
called, was endowed
with a calm courage, an ^ :
incredible patience, and
a superior intellect. "At
the head (says the Abbe
Ferland) of a community
of weak women, devoid
of resources, she managed to inspire her companions with the
strength of soul and the
trust in God which animated herself. In perusing her writings, we are
astonished at finding in
them a clearness of
thought, a correctness of
style and a firmness of
judgment which give us
a lofty idea of this
woman.     She   wrote  a
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prodigious number of letters, she learned the two mother tongues of the country,
the Algonquin and the Huron, and composed for the use of her sisters a sacred
history in Algonquin, a catechism in Huron, an Iroquois catechism and dictionary,
and a dictionary, catechism and collection of prayers in the Algonquin language."
Up to 1658 New France had belonged to the jurisdiction of the bishops
of St. Malo and Rouen. Christianity had followed the ^French flag. Heroic
missionaries had carried the faith into the farthest and most desolate wildernesses,
and as early as 1615 a Recollet Mission was established. In due course, therefore,
the creation of a Canadian diocese became very necessary.
The first ecclesiastical superior was Laval (Francois de Laval-Montmorency),
who was, on the recommendation of the Jesuits, appointed vicar-apostolic of
New France, with the title of Bishop of Petraea in partibus. He arrived in
Quebec in 1659, and for twenty-five years exercised a profound influence upon
the colony. Modest and simple in his personal tastes, he became inflexible
when he thought it his duty to maintain the moral and temporal welfare of his
people.
In 1674 he was appointed Bishop of Quebec. He founded the Seminary
of Quebec in 1663, and established, besides many schools, a model farm.
He fought aggressively the demoralization of the savages through the illicit
liquor traffic. In 1684 he returned to France, and in 1688 resigned his bishopric,
being succeeded by Monseigneur de Saint-Vallier; but his heart was in Canada,
10 and the same year he returned thither, and
lived there until his death in 1708. Very fitly
is this pioneer-prelate commemorated in the
magnificent seat of learning at Quebec which
bears the name of Laval University.
A great figure in Quebec's history is
Frontenac (Louis de Buade, Comte de Palluau
et de Frontenac). Under his administration
New France achieved a political meaning in
old France. The grandson of a court favorite
of Henri IV, he had been a playmate of the
youthful Dauphin, Louis XIII; and when at
the age of 52 (1672) he was appointed
governor of New France, he had behind him
a long experience of hard soldiering. Frontenac was a man of a vehement, turbulent
and self-assertive character; he gave Canada
what was, on the whole, a good government;
but he was an autocrat, and he was constantly in friction with those who brooked
his power. To a man of his tastes, there
were many privations involved in residence
in Canada, and he compensated himself by
assuming a semi-royal pomp. One of his first
important steps after arrival was an attempt
to set up a constitution based on that of
France, with the three estates of nobles, clergy
and people—for which he received the first
of the series of rebukes he was destined to
get from Versailles.
To curb his imperious temper, moreover,
a counter-irritant was provided in a new
office, the Intendant, who, broadly speaking,
should handle civil administration. Between
Frontenac and the Intendant bitter antagonism existed: and soon
the lack of understanding between the two
administrations divided
Canadian society into
two realms. Finally the
French court, tired of
censuring Frontenac, recalled him in 1682.
But he was succeeded, unfortunately,
by a very weak administration which eventually plunged Canada .
into a deplorable condition, and in 1689 the
King—recognizing that,
whatever his faults, he
could handle the situation—was* glad to offer
Frontenac the governorship again.    It is one of
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the finest tributes to Frontenac that upon his return to Quebec he was
received with the liveliest manifestations of joy. He was then in his seventieth
year. In 1690 he drove off a New England fleet, commanded by Sir William
Phips, which had been sent to subdue him.
The name ofRobertCavelierSieurde LaSalle is connected above all else with
the Mississippi. He did not discover it. That was the work of Jolliet and
Marquette in 1673. His earliest associations in Canada are with Lachine, where
he had a seigneury. When his imagination was first fired with dreams of
adventure in the wilderness, his hope was to find the Western passage.
LaSalle came to Canada first in the spring of 1666. A full generation
separated him from Champlain, and in that time the frontier had been pushed
farther and farther west until, to find a geographical novelty, it was necessary
to go beyond the St. Lawrence basin, even beyond the Great Lakes.
Quebec, it has been said already, instead of being isolated then, as one might
have suppOvSed from her situation and language, was really the starting point
and magnet of numerous explorers. From her rocky height radiated countless
river routes into the vast unknown. The influence of Quebec spread far and wide
wherever her sons wandered. She was thus the keystone, the one necessary link
which inevitably bound Canada and Canadian history to the United States.
This characteristic has become even more pronounced with the passing of the
14 centuries. To-day Quebec is not only a
great ocean port, but is connected by rail
with all the cities of the continent.
From his own wanderings and from the
stories of Jolliet, LaSalle knew that the Mississippi flowed into the Gulf of Mexico; and
in his heart there grew up the plan of descending the river to its mouth and there
founding a city. To it should come the
merchandize of France; meanwhile, from far
and near, the Indians should bring their furs
to his port on the Illinois, and the Father of
Waters should be the link that bound them.
In December, 1681, he and his men rendezvoused near the present city of Chicago,
went on sledges to the Illinois and thence
along the ice to the open water, and sailed
down, down, past many an Indian village,
with countless wonders opening before their
astonished gaze, till at last they came out on
the broad gulf, and in pride took possession
of the whole vast basin of the Mississippi in
the name of the King of France.
Between the death of Frontenac and the
British conquest of Canada, much happened
to New France—-more, indeed, than there is
opportunity to discuss here. Broadly speaking, it was a fairly peaceable period; although
New France was under considerable pressure
from the New Englanders to the south as
well as from the inroads of the Hudson's
Bay Company to the west, neither the
British nor the French governments at home
took any particular cognizance of the intermittent skirmishings and frequent raids which
took place along the border. Although the
separate colony of Acadia was the scene of a
tremendous battle in 1745, when the supposedly impregnable fortress of Louisbourg
was captured, New France was not yet a
theatre of universal hostilities.
During those sixty
years Iberville explored
the Mississippi, and de
Bienville founded what
is now New Orleans.
La Motte Cadillac built
Detroit. The Treaty of
Utrecht was signed, and
Hudson's Bay, Newfoundland, and Acadia
were confirmed to the
possession of Great
Britain. La Verendrye
began his explorations
in the Far Wrest, and a
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post road was opened between Quebec and Montreal. It was not until the
Seven Years' War that New France became the scene of part of the mighty
conflict that convulsed Europe and part of Asia.
The centre of hostilities was Quebec, and it was its capture in 1759 that
determined the fate of Canada as well as largely shaping the issue of the worldwide campaign. But it will not be inappropriate to refer first to antecedent
events. Since Frontenac, the power of the Intendant (who occupied practically
the position of manager of Quebec's commerce) had grown enormously, and had
become also a very potent vehicle of corruption. Francois Bigot, as Intendant,
undoubtedly did much to weaken the strength of the French garrison. With
his name is for ever associated the story of Le Chien d'Or, the "Golden
Dog." That defiant inscription, erected by one of the opponents whom he
tried to crush, flaunted daily in his face that Pierre Philibert was unafraid.
The inscription reads—a modern reproduction of it is to be found on practically
the original site—
" I am a dog that gnaws his bone,
I couch and gnaw it all alone:
The time will come, which is not yet,
When I'll bite him by whom I'm bit."*
* A translation.   The inscription and the modern version are
of course in French.
16 Montcalm and Wolfe, the heroes of
Quebec, are everlastingly linked in the
memory of the stirring tale of Quebec's conquest. The vanquished shares with the
victor in the glory of the day; both died nobly
in the performance of duty.
Measured by the numbers engaged, the
battle of Quebec was but a heavy skirmish:
measured by results, it was one of the great
battles of the world. The Marquis de Montcalm, the general in command of Quebec,
labored under a disadvantage. With a
southern vivacity of emotion and an impetuous, impatient volubility that sometimes
forgot prudence, he was yoked with an unsympathetic associate in Vaudreuil, the
governor.
Montcalm had one great advantage over
Wolfe. He was not expected to fight in the
open field. His sole task was to hold Quebec
during the summer. By autumn the British
fleet would have to leave for ice-free waters.
Wolfe had either to tempt Montcalm to leave
Quebec, or he had to get into the city himself.
So the life-and-death question for him was
how to land close enough above Quebec, and
soon enough in September, to make Montcalm
fight it out on even terms in the open field.
How he did this is well-known. He landed
under cover of night a few miles above Quebec, and with his Highlanders scrambled up
from the Anse au Foulon. The early light of
September 13th, 1759, shone upon the British
marching towards the Plains of Abraham.
The battle was short and sharp. The
chagrin of Montcalm may be imagined when
he saw the thin red line of British upon the
very spot where the governor had insisted he
withdraw the troops,
because "the British
haven't wings to reach
that height." Wolfe's
orders, Montcalm's
words of encouragement
to his weary troops, are
household words—even
as are the story of the
battle and Wolfe's "Now
God be praised, I die in
peace," and the last
recorded speech of
Montcalm, "Je meurs
content, je ne verrai pas
les Anglais entrer dans
Quebec" (I die content,
I shall not see the English enter Quebec).
17 Quebec a.
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The Terrace Cafe of the Chateau Frontenac.
The Quebec of to-day, especially Lower Town, is essentially the Quebec
of the conquest. The narrow and tortuous streets: the high narrow buildings giving directly upon them: the pointed or gabled roofs, the cobble stones-
all this is mediaeval Normandy. Every foot of Old Quebec is rich in romance.
One can in fancy see the shadowy forms of Laval and Brebeuf, of Francis Hertel
and Champlain, of Frontenac and LaSalle, of Mere Marie de l'Incarnation
and Madame de la Peltrie, of Champlain's girl wife and those thousands of
daughters of the king, the mothers of New France, gliding in and out among the
streets.    To appreciate Quebec at its best, one must know its history.
To this Quebec, crowned by the citadel, and clinging to the rocky cliffs,
came the Canadian Pacific Railway, and seizing the spirit of the old city, completed its perfection by a building which typifies and enhances its beauty.
High above Lower Town, in full view of the citadel and upon that natural promenade which has resounded to the martial tread of French and British alike,
stood the old Chateau St. Louis, the residence which Frontenac thought far
beneath the dignity of a vice-regal residence. Carrying out the Norman architecture in modern application, the Canadian Pacific transformed the old Chateau
St. Louis into the world-famous Chateau Frontenac, uniting the beauty of the
old picturesque days with the   comfort   and luxury of   modern   achievement.
The Battlefield is now a park, with ancient cannon and cannon balls by way
of ornament.    Grass grows in the niches and crannies of the walls, and the
18 booming of the sunset gun is almost the only
reminder of the city's military past. But the
love of a uniform is ever-present. Schoolboys and university students must have some
distinctive note in their dress even if it is
only a brilliant sash or a rakish hat. Priests
in their long soutanes, and nuns in the
different habits of their orders, lend a distinctly old-world and charming touch.
You may see the chapel of Sainte Anne
resting under the heights of the mountain.
Legend ascribes the establishment of this
shrine to some very early mariners, who,
being about to perish in a storm, vowed
if their dire distress were relieved and their
lives spared to erect_a shrine to Sainte Anne
—the sailor's saint—at the very first place
they should land.' The first recorded cure
was of Louis Guimont, during the governorship of d'Ailleboust (1648-51); this was the
beginning of a long course of miracles continued more than two centuries. Their fame
spread far and wide. The devotion to Sainte
Anne became a distinguishing feature of
Canadian Catholicism until at the present
time more than a dozen parishes bear her
name. But of all her shrines, none can
match the fame of Sainte Anne du Petit Cap,
better known as Sainte Anne de Beaupre.
Crowds flocked thither on the week of her
festival, and marvellous cures were wrought
unceasingly. Sometimes the whole shore was
covered with the wigwams of Indian converts who had paddled their birch bark canoes
from the farthest wilds of Canada. The more
fervent among them would crawl from the
shore to the altar on their knees.
In our day these
miracles have continued,
as hundreds of discarded
sticks and crutches,
hanging on the walls
and piled in columns,
dramaticallv attest.
All the year, particularly in the month of
July, a vast number of
pilgrims—not now in
paint and feathers, but
in cloth and millinery,
and not in canoes, but
by steamer, tram and
motor—bring their offerings and their vows to
the "Bonne Sainte
Anne."    In the spring
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Little Champlain street and the "Brca\nec\ stairs"—a picturesque bit of Old Quebec.
of 1922 the congregation suffered a severe loss in the destruction of the basilica
by a disastrous fire; but plans are already begun for its rebuilding.
If Quebec in summer is a lively city, in winter it is dazzling. With its
countless hills serving as toboggan slides, with its rinks and hills for skiing, its
gleaming roads and glistening snowfields, it is a perfect background for the
winter sports which are a characteristic of Quebec. From far and near visitors
come to the Chateau Frontenac at the season of Carnival. Every sport from
skating and hockey to ski-joring and dog-teaming is provided.
HISTORIC SITES
To commemorate famous events or great personages in Quebec's history,
twenty-five tablets were placed in 1908 at the time of the Tercentenary of the
founding of the city. Twenty more will be erected as occasion offers. Of these
tablets, the ones that more immediately concern the events chronicled in the
present pages are situated:—
The Fort and Chateau St. Louis.    (Chateau burned in 1834).
Chateau Haldimand (built 1784, demolished 1892 to make room for the
Chateau Frontenac).
Le Cavalier du Moulin, Mont Carmel Street (rampart, built 1.690).
20 Seminary Garden (site of house of Louis
Hubert's son-in-law Couillard).
40 Rampart Street (residence of Montcalm 1758-9).
Basilica Place (Jesuits' College, built
1635, rebuilt 1647, demolished 1877).
Ursuline Convent (stands upon original
site of first building. Erected 1641.
Burnt twice in early history; greatly
enlarged during last ten years. In
the cloisters is the tomb of Mere
Marie de l'lncarnation, and in the
chapel the tomb of Montcalm).
Corner of Sous le Fort and Little Champlain Streets (probable site of first
chapel built by Champlain in 1615).
Sous le Fort Street (site of "l'Abitation de
Quebec," built by Champlain 1608).
Of the many beautiful statues in Quebec,
two only can here be mentioned—that of
Champlain, at the end of Dufferin Terrace,
and that of Laval, outside the Post Office.
The latter statue stands also on the site of
"the House of the Golden Dog."
j (i i c v*   ? ■■■ -■ *
\   .\
THE NEW CHATEAU FRONTENAC
The Chateau Frontenac has passed
through many stages of growth since the late
Bruce Price designed the original group. His
design, conceived in the spirit of the chateau
of 16th-century France, furnished an hotel
of moderate size well planned in relation to
the comfort and entertainment of its guests,
and eminently satisfying in its purity of style.
The selection of materials was very happy,
the Scotch fire-brick, rugged in texture and
of an agreeable low-toned yellow, harmonizing
well with the grey limestone used for the lower
portions of the building.
Additions that have
been made from time to
time by different architects, in order to meet
the growing popularity
of the hotel, have adhered to the general
style of the original
group.
The entrance to the
new Chateau Frontenac
will be through a stone-
vaulted archway,
flanked by side arched
passages,   into   a   large
21
V-".>,
% Quebec
The Colonial Suite—The Sitting Room.
courtyard. The dominating and determining feature is a high building to the
river side of the courtyard. In this "Tower" building, bearing in appearance
the same relationship that the central tower did to the mediaeval chateau of
France, the administration of the hotel will be centralized. The concentration
of main elevator travel, service, etc., will result in a simplicity of administration
and a directness of service, for all subsidiary corridors will lead by the directest
possible route to the main passenger and service elevators, centrally located in
relation to the various wings of the hotel.
The St. Louis Street portion of the property, hitherto vacant, will have a
wing continued westward from the older portion of the hotel. In this wing, the
"St. Louis Street wing," the main feature, on the second floor, will be a suite of
public rooms suitable for conventions, balls and other large functions.
The hotel is entered from the main courtyard into a rotunda thirty-two
feet wide by one hundred and seventy feet long. Directly ahead, leading to the
river-front round tower, is a midway flanked by checking rooms, shop, newsstand, exhibition room, etc. An imposing staircase, set in an oval hall, leads to
the dining room on the first floor; the passage through the centre leads to the riverfront portion of the hotel.    On the latter is a lounge and library.
In the other direction on the rotunda floor are a large lounge room; as well
as a grill room and big tea room, planned for functions such as afternoon teas,
to be known as the Jacques Cartier and Frontenac rooms respectively.
22 The first floor is reached by the central
elevator group, or by the oval staircase at the
river front, or by a majestic staircase in the
end of the rotunda. From the end of the
rotunda one ascends from either side by a
staircase that meets in the centre and continues into a room set a few steps below the
first floor level, i To the left is the convention
hall suite already mentioned, capable of
accommodating up to 800 people.
From the head of the staircase and
walking towards the river front, one enters
the first dining room. Another dining room
opens from  it.
All portions of the hotel above the level
of the dining rooms will be devoted to bedrooms. Each of the new bedrooms has a
private bath attached, and the appointments
of each are equal in every respect to the very
best modern practice.
The central or Tower building has fifteen
stories of bedrooms, each floor having seventeen rooms. The total number of guests' bedrooms in the complete hotel will exceed 700.
That important feature, the kitchen, is
placed in the very centre of the group, directly
back of the administration building. The
bakery, confectionery shop, and butcher shop
are installed in or adjacent to the kitchen.
In the basement, directly under the kitchen,
is the steward's department, including the
main cold storage.
Features in the basement provided for
guests' comfort include a cafe under the
lounge, on the right of the oval staircase.
Meals will be served in the cafe or on the
terrace after the Continental fashion. Adjoining the cafe is the centre from which liquid
refreshments are dispensed, and a large well-
equipped billiard room.
A barber shop, ladies'
hairdressing suite and a
drug store are provided.
Opposite the main
entrance, across the
courtyard, a low building of restrained picturesque composition
will constitute the service building.
23
>1? m ■ mmy( J
THE GATEKEEPER
By Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
The sunlight falls on old Quebec,
A city framed of rose and gold,
An ancient gem more beautiful
In that its beauty waxes old.
O Pearl of Cities!    I would set
You higher in our diadem,
And higher yet and higher yet,
That generations still to be
May kindle at your history!
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The twilight falls on old Quebec
And in the purple shines a star,
And on her citadel lies peace
More powerful than armies are.
0 fair dream city!   Ebb and flow
Of race feuds vex no more your walls.
Can they of old see this? and know
That, even as they dreamed, you stand
Gatekeeper of a peace-filled land!
From "Fires oi Driftwood,"
(McClelland and Stewart, Toronto)
24 I i     }
CHATEAU FRONTENAC
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