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What to do at Lake Louise in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Hotels. Chateau Lake Louise 1926

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  The Qhateau
LAKE LOUISE
A (Canadian (Pacific Hotel WHAT TO DO at LAKE LOUISE
mR
T7»
The central j e w e 1 of the Canadian Rockies is Lake
Louise—a gleaming emerald in a setting of snow-crowned majestic
mountains, with a pale jade glacier, a million years old, at one end,
the most charming of modern hotels at the other, and all around
purple hills whose pines and spruce trees keep the world away, and
whisper peace.
Perhaps you have dreamed of this place for years, yet never
have conceived of beauty such as this which lies in the haunted lake
or on the gleaming mountain peaks. Year after year you may revisit
Lake Louise and compare it, again and again, with the graven image
you always carry in your heart, but as you ga^e upon it whether for
the first or the hundredth time, you gasp with sheer wonder that its
loveliness can have exceeded so far your own cherished hopes, or
your precious memories.
"Louise" is a lake of the deepest and most exquisite colouring,
ever-changing and defying analysis. She has many moods and will
always surprise you; you will never exhaust her infinite variety,
though you watch her from hour to hour, day to day, moment to
moment. This lake in whose depths is reflected sombre forests, snow-
crowned peaks and the great vault of heaven, responds to every
subtle change of atmosphere. You may watch it pass from the rose
of dawn to the colour of the%purplish twilight shadows, and thence
to deep az.ure struck with stars, or to the shimmering silver of a
moon-lit evening—and there will always be a picture more beautiful
than the last.
The Discovery of La\e Louise
It was Tom Wilson, a western pioneer, who found this
lovely gem among the pine-clad mountains. The story goes that
Wilson, who was in camp near Laggan in 1882, heard the roar of an
Printed in Canada The Chateau Lake Louise, from the air
Air Photograph by Department of Rational Defence
avalanche, one day, and was informed by some Stony Indians, that
the sound was thunder from the big snow mountain above the
"Lake of Little Fishes". The next day Tom visited the Lake and the
wonder of the scene left him breathless. The name of the lake was
later changed to "Louise", in honour of the Princess Louise, a
daughter of Queen Victoria and wife of the then Governor-
General of Canada, the late Duke of Argyll.
The History of the Chateau
It was about 35 years ago that the Canadian Pacific
Railway built an unpretentious log inn, with accommodation for a
few guests, on the shores of the lake. Some years later a bigger
building was erected higher up on the slope from the lake, and this
has been repeatedly enlarged to meet the demands of an ever-
increasing stream of tourists, until to-day a fire-proof modern and
luxurious hotel with accommodation for seven hundred guests has
replaced the humble chalet. This no doubt will require enlargement
as time goes on, and the architects have planned accordingly. The
Chateau Lake Louise now offers every comfort and opportunity for
recreation to its guests; the bed-rooms are very comfortable, the
oublic rooms large and artistically furnished; while attached to the
lotel are two fine tennis courts, one clay and one board, and this
summer will see the opening of a big concrete swimming pool with
glacial water heated to a comfortable temperature. A fine orchestra
furnishes music for dancing in the evenings.
Page Two Lafce Louise, from the Chateau
v
The Beginning of the Rockies
But Lake Louise and the giant mountains surrounding it,
with their tremendous caps of eternal snow, existed for millions of
years before Tom Wilson found them, or the Canadian Pacific broke
its way through the mountains. When you think of the dateless
centuries through which these gaunt grey peaks have looked out
across the plain, your own life seems as ephemeral as that of the
butterflies fluttering over the poppies. In the calendar of the
mountains, a thousand years are as one day, and our little civilisation
as a watch in the night.
It is even more awe-inspiring to imagine a time when the
Rockies weren't here at all. That was long ago, before the jellyfish and the brachiopod ever squirmed in the Cambrian slime, and
the place where these great mountains now stand was the floor of
an inland sea. The western limit of this sea was the Selkirk range
on the shores of the great continent of Cascadia which stretched
almost to where China is to-day, and its eastern limit was probably somewhere near Sudbury, Ontario. Through countless cen'
turies mud poured into this sea from Cascadia until a bed 50,000
feet thick was formed. During the Carboniferous period, as the
result of tremendous pressure exerted from the west, the floor of
the ocean began to rise; slowly it rose through the millions of
years which followed, until there was a great swamp, where huge
dinosaurs wallowed in luxurious content.   Then again, at the end
Page Three The Lakes in the Clouds
of the Age of Reptiles—there was another tremendous thrust
which crumpled up the rocky crust, folded it and lifted it miles high
in the air. No sooner were the mountains uplifted than the forces of
destruction began the work of tearing them down. Wind and frost
split up the rocks along the lines of striation and carved them into
sculptured forms.
Glaciers
Then for many thousands of years, frost and silence held
the mountains in their grip. Glaciers formed in the valleys, pressing
down the heights with increasing force and tearing the rocks as they
came. For thousands of years the ice advanced, then receded to
advance again. After countless ages the warmth came again and the
Frost King went back to the Arctic, but many of the glaciers still
remain, and it has been observed that they move a certain distance
from time to time. The glaciers of the Canadian Pacific Rockies, like
those of some other countries, are nearly all in retreat, owing to
lessening snowfall and moderating climate.
Opening Up of the Mountains
It was only a little more than one hundred years ago that
the Rockies came to the knowledge of the white man. The Indian
preceded him, but except for shelter from hostile tribes, or hunting,
they avoided the mountains. Many names are linked with the
opening of the Rockies to the world, among which are those of
Page Four Ifllliili
Trout Fishing at Moraine Lake
de la Verandrye, who crossed the prairies in 1743, and Sir Alexander
Mackenzie, who overcoming toil and hardship made his way to the
coast. The discovery of Kicking Horse Pass by Sir James Hector,
geologist of the British expedition under Palliser, and of Rogers Pass
by Rogers, Engineer for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company,
were the two keys needed to unlock the Rockies. In 1885, when the
last spike in the junction of the eastern and western division at
Craigellachie was driven by Sir Donald Smith (later Lord Strathcona),
the West and East were at last linked together.
What to do at La\e Louise
Lake Louise is one of the principal points where the
Canadian Pacific Railway has opened up the magnificent country
for the tourist. It is doubtful if any other spot in the mountains
accommodates itself so generously to all tastes and capacities as does
Lake Louise. If you are hopelessly lasy, you may stroll down to the
shore between beds of yellow iceland poppies, and enjoy a perfect
picture of the peaks encircling the Lake. From left to right these are
Saddleback (7,993 feet), Fairview (9,011 feet), Sheol (9,018 feet),
Aberdeen (10,350 feet), Lefroy (11,230 feet), Victoria (11,365 feet),
Whyte (9,786 feet), Big Beehive (7,440 feet) Niblock (9,764 feet),
St. Piran (8,691 feet), and Little Beehive (7,100 feet). The leisurely
walk along a good trail to the other end of the lake will prove a
revelation of beautiful scenes; or you may take a little boat and row
down to the southern landing and back; or again, you may look up
Page Five ,-
Moraine Lake—The Valley of the Ten Peaks
on either side to the towering cliffs and feel yourself very insignificant indeed, or down, down into the clear, limpid unfathomable
depths, that are so marvellously steeped in colour.
The Color of the La\e   -
A word about this color, which is so intense yet never
the same for two minutes in succession; which sweeps the whole
gamut of green, blue, violet, undershot by marvellous tones of gold
and silver, constantly altering from moment to moment. Geologists
say that the brilliant colours of mountain lake are due to glacial silt.
The color depends upon the si^e of the particles; if they are small
they will reflect only the shorter rays of light, which are blue, and if
they are larger they will send off rays of green. No one, however,
seems to be able to satisfactorily explain the changes of color in
Lake Louise, yet it would seem that this subtle mirror registers
every change in the atmosphere and the light, and so gives one
picture under brilliant noon-day sun, another under heavy clouds,
and a thousand others at every time of day.
Trail Riding and Mountain Climbing
For those who are eager to go out on the trail there are
many fine excursions around Lake Louise and millions of beautiful
things to be seen. Thousands of mountain flowers bloom on the
alpine meadows, whose fragrance is more virginal and fresh than
that of lowland blossoms. On the high plateau myriads of arctic
alpine plants with big flowers and tiny leaves find shelter from the
gales beneath bent pine trees and a profusion of Creeping Juniper.
Page Six m
Saddleback Rest House
Here are Alpine Harebells, Arctic Poppies, and some of the wee
yellow Saxifrages, while covering the lower altitudes you will find
the mountain slopes thickly covered with scarlet Indian Paint Brush,
Red and White Mountain Heath and Heather, wild Heliotropes
and the trailing vines of the lovely Northern Twin Flower. Bordering
the lake grow the little pink Swamp Laurels, dainty Wintergreens
and fragrant Orchids, and as you follow up the trail at the southern
end which leads to the foot of Victoria Glacier, vast numbers of
False Forget-me-nots, yellow Arnicas and red-tasselled Meadowrues
and the showy blossoms of the Cow-Parsnips fill the floor of the
valley where your pathway is edged by Anemones, Alumroots and
Gentians.
If you are not used to mountain climbing, do not be alarmed if
you cannot mount the slope with alacrity and your heart thumps.
It may do so simply because the air is thin up in the mountains, and
until you are well acclimatised to these altitudes it is better to walk
leisurely, also you can rest awhile on one of the rustic log benches
that are placed beside the path, with care and appreciation of the
artistic vistas one beholds on every side.
Livery agents are attached to the hotel and sure-footed
mountain ponies may be had for the trail by those who care to ride.
The tariffs are approved by the Commissioner of Parks.
The La\es in the Clouds
One of the loveliest short climbs is to the Lakes in the
Clouds—Mirror Lake and Lake Agnes. It is but a short walk or
ride up an excellent winding trail. Mirror Lake lies a thousand feet
Page Seven ,
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp
above Lake Louise, and Agnes is a couple of hundred feet higher
still. Up there the ice and snow seldom melt before July, and yet
there are quantities of wild flowers blooming near the little tea-house
on the brink of Lake Agnes, with its flower-decked tables and a
great log fire, which offers shelter and refreshments to climbers.
If you are not too weary, it is possible that you may go on from here
to the top of Little Beehive, or up to the observatory on Big Beehive,
but for these expeditions it is best to be equipped with stout mountain boots.
Moraine La\e
Moraine Lake, lying exquisitely blue-green at the base of
the Ten Peaks, which are all over ten thousand feet in height, is nine
miles distant from the Chateau. Motors leave the hotel twice daily
for this beautiful spot or you may ride or walk along the excellent
road. There is good fishing at Consolation Lake, two miles further
on, and lunch and rods may be obtained at the Bungalow Camp
on the shore of Lake Moraine.
•
The Saddlebac\
Another excellent walking or pony excursion is up a
good trail to the Saddleback, an altitude of 1,800 feet above Lake
Louise. From an alpine meadow on the pass a fine view of Paradise
Valley is obtained, with dainty lake Annette lying far below, and
Page Eight i^:.AV.........
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The Giant's Steps, Paradise Valley
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LAKE LOUISE
and its vicinity
f
hiotor Roads show thus 	
Trails show thus	
Canadian Pacific Railway k^kkj
Moraine Lake Bungalow
Camp is nine miles by road
from the Chateau Lake
Louise. Wapta Bungalow
Camp is eight miles—Banff,
42 miles.
Saddleback Rest House,
Lake Agnes Tea House, and
Plain of the Six Glaciers
Rest House are reached by
trail. Abbot Pass Alpine
Hut—by climbing. Lake
O'Hara Bungalow Camp
is reached by climb from
Abbot Pass or by trail from
Wapta.
The Chateau Lake Louise
has an altitude of 5,670 feet
above sea-level. Lake Louise
station is 5,050 feet.
Altitudes of some of the
principal peaks are shown
on this map.
Page Ten
Page Eleven '1
Victoria Glacier, from the lower trail
.
the gigantic guardian peaks, including Mount Temple, towering
above. The very contrast of the frowning walls which enclose it
lend an additional charm to this fairyland at your feet. There is
much to interest the traveller on this climb to Saddleback; quantities
of alpine flowers—Willow-herb, Indian Paint Brush, Vetch and
Windflower—grow in abundance, and the rocks give shelter to
little marmots whose whistles frequently startle the unwary pedestrian, though seldom he catches a glimpse of this swift-moving
little animal. Saddleback also has a tea-house which claims to be the
highest in the British Empire. From Saddleback there is an easy
trail to the summit of Fairview Mountain (9,001 feet).
Mount St. Piran
Another easy climb leads to Mount St. Piran, 3,000 feet
above Lake Louise. Ponies for the St. Piran climb may be taken as
far as Mirror Lake, but from there on, the trail must be made on foot.
Victoria Glacier and Abbot Pass
One of the longer expeditions that can be undertaken by
the novice, who must however be accompanied by a Swiss guide, is
over Abbot Pass from the Victoria Glacier. It is well to start in the
morning, taking the trail round the west shore of the Lake, ascending
Page Twelve Crossing Victoria Glacier, with Swiss Guides
the Victoria Valley and following the edge of Victoria Creek until
you reach the foot of the glacier. The glacier is three miles long and
half a mile wide, and there is much of interest such as glacier tables,
moulins and seracs, that your guide will be able to tell you all about.
Most people prefer to stop for the night at the comfortable hut on
Abbot Pass, and see a most glorious sunrise in the morning. The
trip may be continued to Lake O'Hara on the second day.
Paradise Valley
For infinite variety of alpine scenery, and some interesting and not difficult snow-climbing and rock work, you should
negotiate, one day, the Mitre Col, which lies between Mount
Aberdeen and the Mitre. The return trip can be made through
Paradise Valley.
This beautiful valley is a veritable wonder-world of glaciers,
waterfalls, and glorious peaks. For majesty of form and colour there
is nothing to surpass it. For those who do not care to traverse the
Mitre Col, there is another route into "Paradise" along the road
from Lake Louise past Fairview Mountain, and thence into the
north end of the valley. The head of the valley is carpeted with the
fairest flowers; Buckbean, Hare's Tails and Ladies' Tresses fill the
swamps, while on the upland meadows are masses of Rhododen'
drons, Labrador Tea, Penstemons and Garlics.
Page Thirteen :;::&:*:W:*:
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Moraine Lake
There are many fascinating side-trips that may be taken from
the valley by those who would acquaint themselves with the more
intimate beauties of these mountain fastnesses; Wastach Pass,
Wenkchemna Pass, Opabin Pass, together with Sentinel Pass form a
series of unrivalled view-points. Near Sentinel is the beautiful Larch
Valley, so-called from the quantities of Lyall's Larches which grow
there in profusion.
r
Ptarmigan and Phacelia La\es
Two typical alpine pools, where arctic-alpine plants
grow in dwarfed form, among them the purple-pink Moss Campions, Hare's Tails, Buckbean and Brook Lobelia, are Ptarmigan and
Phacelia Lakes. As its name indicates ptarmigan are plentiful in the
region of Ptarmigan lake, as are also grouse and wild-fowl. Phacelia
Lake is named after the quantities of these lovely blooms that grow
near its brink.
La\e O'Hara
One of the most lovely of all Rocky Mountain waters is
Lake O'Hara, a pool of deep jade at the foot of a circle of majestic,
snow-covered peaks, and this should not be missed by anyone who
has the leisure to make an expedition lasting two or more days. The
Lake is reached over Abbot Pass from Lake Louise, or by pony trail
round by Wapta. There is a Bungalow Camp at Lake O'Hara with an
additional chalet under construction, so that one can spend a restful
night there before going on to Lake O'Hara, whose blue waters lie
Page Fourteen '.■my-. J&x'i]
On  the Little Bee-Hive
at an altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier here, and huge blocks
of ice may be seen floating on the surface of the Lake even in the
summer time.
Longer Trips
Agood trail leads from the back of the Chateau Lake
Louise to the Great Divide, about five miles away over the slopes of
Mount St. Piran, and through the woods of spruce and pine.
Longer trail rides or camping trips with guides may be made,
north up the Bow Valley or up Pipestone Creek, or Corral Creek,
through the Ptarmigan Valley to the Skoki Valley. These may be
combined with splendid trout fishing in virgin streams and lakes.
Some Real Climbs
Fortheexpert Alpinist there are plenty of climbs that
will provide him with sufficient opportunity to use his skill. Some of
these are the ascent of the Devil's Thumb, the Pass between
Mount Saint Piran and Mount Niblock, Eiffel Peak, Wenkchemna
Lake and Glacier, Consolation Pass and Boom Lake, Mount
Aberdeen, Mount Temple and Saddle Mountain. The Swiss guides
attached to the hotel are a reliable source of information as to all
climbs.
Wild Flowers and Creatures
A11 t h e s e expeditions hold a wonderful charm, especially
for those interested in the wild animal life of the mountains, and in
the exquisite alpine flowers. Over 500 species of flowers grow in the
Page Fifteen
— The Great Divide
Rocky Mountains, and many of these are to be found in the valleys
and on the lower slopes and alpine meadows of the Lake Louise
region. The most plentiful species have been mentioned above.
Of the wild creatures, the Hoary Marmot, who is well-known
by his shrill whistle, the marten, the chipmunk, the Bighorn or
Mountain Sheep and Blacktail or Mule Deer, are seen in large
numbers. Black Bears are also not uncommon and are very tame,
many of them even showing a willingness to become pets.
It is a common saying that there are no birds in the mountains?
but anyone with eyes and ears can soon disprove this belief. The
Franklin grouse is one species which nearly every visitor is bound
to see. This bird seems to have no sense at all and is generally referred
to as the "fool-hen". A type of Canadian jay, the Whiskey-jack, is
plentiful enough, and sometimes these saucy birds will inspect you
from every angle. Other birds likely to be seen are: the Mountain
bluebird, eagle, ptarmigan, the cheerful chickadee, water ousel
and humming-bird.
During the season of 1926, a demonstrator from McGill
University will be attached to the Hotel as "nature guide," and will
give talks on the flora, fauna and geology of the Lake Louise district.
What to Wear
It is most important for anyone undertaking climbs to be
properly dressed and equipped. Most men find that they are corn-
Page Sixteen Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
fortable in closely woven tweed or corduroy knickerbockers—
flannel shirt, soft hat, heavy stockings, sweater, and strong boots
properly studded with nails. It is wiser to wear suspenders rather
than a belt; and if in addition to the above mentioned articles, you
carry woollen gloves, a pair of smoked glasses, field glasses, ice-axe,
a collapsible drinking cup and a silk handkerchief, your comfort will
be assured under any circumstances. A woman should wear a short
walking skirt, or knickerbockers, a woollen shirt, high stout boots
with nails, and a sweater or coat. If she is riding, she may procure a
divided skirt at the hotel or may wear knickerbockers.
Lake Louise is a paradise for photographers: its infinite variety
of pictures can never be exhausted. There are new and beautiful
vistas at every turn, so always take your camera with you, so that
you may be able to take pictures of some of them back home with
you.
The Chateau Lake Louise has its own photographic department, where developing and printing is done by experts and at
reasonable prices. r
Motoring in the Roc\ies
Visitors to Lake Louise will find a number of very attract
tive motor excursions available. Those from Lake Louise to Banff,
paralleling both the railway and the Bow River, and from Lake
Louise to Field, are exceptionally fine.
Page Seventeen Looking down Abbot Pass towards Lake Oesa
The road from Lake Louise to Field is a new scenic highway
that will be opened for automobile traffic in June, 1926. Continuing
the Banff-Lake Louise highway, this road leads west on a high line to
the Great Divide, and, crossing to near Wapta Bungalow Camp,
follows the Kicking Horse River. It is a most spectacular ride, and
links up with established roads in Yoho National Park.
During the season, after the road is open, a regular daily sightseeing motor service will leave Lake Louise each morning, via the
Great Divide, Wapta Camp, Yoho Valley Camp, Field, Emerald
Lake, and return, arriving at Lake Louise in the late afternoon.
Stops will be made for meals.
A very wonderful trip is the Banff-Lake Louise-Windermere
run of 104 miles, through Rocky Mountain Park and Kootenay Park
to Lake Windermere, in the beautiful Columbia Valley. This new
road, of firm, stable construction, penetrates some of the very finest
mountain scenery of the entire continent. Along its route are three
convenient bungalow camps—Storm Mountain, Vermilion River
and Radium Hot Springs—to serve as stops for meals or for lodging;
at the southern end is Lake Windermere Camp. At Windermere the
road links up with roads that cross the International Boundary and
form part, eventually, of the great "Columbia Highway".
Page Eighteen Abbot Pass Alpine Hut
Automobile Tariff at La\e Louise
(Rates are per person)
To Moraine Lake and Valley of the Ten Peaks—$2.50.
To Johnston Canyon and Banff—one way, $5.00; round
trip, $8.25.
To Lake Windermere—one way, $10.00; round trip (2 days),
$18.00.
To Emerald Lake and return (via Yoho Valley Camp)—one
way, $5.00; return, $8.25.
Transfer
Gasoline railway between station and Chateau—50c. each
way. Small handbags (not exceeding two per person) free; trunks
and heavy baggage—25c. per piece, each way.
Pony Trips
To Lakes in the Clouds, Victoria Glacier and return....... $3.00
To Saddleback and return  3.00
To the Great Divide, Wapta Camp, and return, 1 day  4. co
To Ptarmigan Lake and return, 1 day  4.00
To Paradise Valley and return, 1 day  4.00
To Moraine Lake, 1 day—$4.00; or including   Wenkchemna Pass
and Lake, 2 days—$8.00.
(Above Rates Npt Guaranteed try Canadian Pacific)
Page Nineteen f^s*G.**fi&!**..//'-. <'^S$SfSS$Bs^?S^S6?3?**8$£ESs!8^
Hi^iliPiill
Wapta Bungalow Camp
Other bungalow camps are situated
at Yoho Valley, Lake O'Hara, Emerald
Lake, Lake Windermere, Storm Mountain,
Vermilion River and Radium Hot Springs.
Page Twenty
L  

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