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Chateau Frontenac and old Quebec Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Hotels 1919

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'    V \y
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*>»  ^y^ifi^ta HIS      TORI
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Quebec City and Harbor from Levis
Jacques Cartier
HAVE you ever seen Quebec?
If you have you will naturally long to
see it again. If you have experienced
both its marvellous summer attractions and the
charms of its delightful winter sports and scenes,
you will wish to revisit it at least twice a year.
If you have never seen Quebec at all you have
yet to make the acquaintance of the most attractive health and pleasure resort of the continent,
and the very storehouse of American History,—a
city not only unique in itself, but one that for
natural sublimity and beauty stands out from
among all other cities, unrivalled and alone.
By the diversity and contrasts of its matchless
scenery and the glories of its phenomenal
climate, Quebec attracts the tourists of the
entire world.
No well-informed American millionaire takes
a series of holidays without spending some of
them in and about the old French capital of
Canada,   and   French   Canada   was   the   regular
1535 WHERE
Chateau Frontenac, showing- facade of Dufferin Terrace
summer home of President Taft before public
responsibilities and duty chained him to the
White House. By steam yacht or automobile
in summer and by private railway car in winter
come here the leading financial magnates of the
continent for rest and recreation.
In this original, charming and cosmopolitan
city one meets visitors from every clime. At the
dinners and receptions of the Governor-General
and the Lieut-Governor, at the Officers' Mess on
the Citadel, in the rotundas and cafes of the
Chateau Frontenac, and on Dufferin Terrace—
the Forum of Quebec—upon which the Chateau
stands, and where everybody meets everybody
else, the tourist rubs elbows with men and
women from all countries of the world, some
of whom he may last have seen in Cairo, Rome,
Monte Carlo, Paris, London, Yokohama or Washington, as the case may be.
Here the Empresses of the Canadian Pacific
Railway    Company's    Atlantic   steamship   line
1608 H      I
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Provincial Parliament Buildings
land the transcontinental and trans-Pacific
passengers booked for various Asiatic ports, and
here also assemble the men and women of varied
tongues and curious costumes, awaiting the
return voyage of the same fast line steamers to
the other side of the Atlantic.
When the robins have returned and mated in
the sunny days of May, well in advance of the
rush of Quebec's other summer visitors, and,
indeed throughout the leafy month of June as
well, the old French Capital of Canada—so
felicitously described by Howells in "Their
Wedding Journey"—is the objective point of
many another journey of a similar kind. Though
the fashion is a growing one, the presence of so
many interesting couples at the Chateau Frontenac at this particular season of the year is so
much a matter of course in Quebec, that it
ceases to attract more than a passing notice.
Here, too, especially in the month of August,
and by the express command of their physicians,
flock  thousands  of the  best  class  of  American
1672 WHERE
HER   0 E S
Old City Walls and New Environments
tourists, many of them former victims of the
nauseating Hay Fever, who find erected for them
upon the Heights of Quebec, a secure City of
Refuge from the pursuit of all previous summer
Quebec is the gateway to the Laurentian woods
and mountains, with their wealth of trout lakes
and streams, and their abundance of moose and
caribou and other wild game. It is the headquarters of most of the fish and game clubs
owning private preserves in the wild north
country; while both at the fish and game department of the Province and at the Intelligence
Bureau of the Chateau Frontenac, reliable
information is furnished concerning the best
resorts of the many varieties of fish and game,
for which the rare North land of Quebec is so
justly famous. The Chateau Frontenac—
Quebec's far-famed hostelry—perched upon the
rocky heights whence the Citadel, Dufferin
Terrace, the Governor's Garden, and the Grand
General Montcalm
1759 H      I
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Sunday Morning on St. Louis Street
General Wolfe
Battery look down upon the Lower Town and
the broad St. Lawrence two hundred feet below,
is the ideal resting place of such of the ladies and
children as may prefer its comforts to camp life
in the woods, during the angling and hunting
trips of the men of their party. It is one of the
world's most famous hotels and occupies a site
that is simply incomparable—a beauty spot
that cannot be duplicated even in "the most
picturesque city in North America" as Baedeker
correctly styles Quebec. In attempting, to describe this "Queen among the cities of the New
World" some writers have compared her with
Edinburgh, Gibraltar, Algiers and Naples. Yet
all those cities, differing as they do, one from the
other, resemble Quebec only in certain points;
and all considered they are inferior to it as
regards picturesque and natural beauty. The
Citadel of Gibraltar is higher and more formidable, but in other respects the superiority of
Quebec is incontestable. The castle of Edinburgh is not unlike the fortress of Quebec, but
1759 WHERE
The Drill Hall and Parade Ground
it is much less elevated, less picturesque, and
lacks the St. Lawrence, bathing its base and
encircling it as a girdle. Algiers, viewed from
the sea, is a city of dreams, dazzling with light
and color, and its Kabash adorns it like a brilliant crown; but if Quebec has not the same
richness of coloring, the deficiency is certainly
made up by the variety of its views, the beauty
and grandeur of its surroundings, and the
diversity of its perspective. Naples, as beheld
from the sea, or from the castle of St. Elmo, may
be more favorably compared with Quebec, but
most competent judges of beauty, in land and
waterscapes, will prefer Quebec, as seen from
Point Levis, the Isle of Orleans and Charles-
bourg, while the panorama which spreads itself
out before the Heights of the Citadel and of
Dufferin Terrace is more vivid more varied and
more interesting. From whatever point of
view it is considered, the characteristic feature
of Quebec is its picturesque beauty. Its situation is such, however, that it cannot be taken in
General Montgomery
1775 HIS
0      R      I      C
U      E      B      E      C
Q      U
The Ghurch of Ste. Anne de Beaupre
at a glance, nor can an artist paint it in a single
picture. It must be approached from every side,
by land and by water, while its environs should
be visited by rail, by boat, by driving or motoring
and on foot, as the case may be.
The run from Montreal to Quebec is a beautiful one, a view^ of the St. Lawrence being had
for the greater part of the journey. One nevei*'
tires of automobiling along the many beautiful
macadamized highways in the neighborhood
of Quebec. These radiate from the city and from
Levis, on the other side of the river, in every
direction. Charlesbourg, Lorette, Lake Beau-
port, Lake St. Charles, Valcartier, St. Foye, Cap
Rouge, Point-Aux-Trembles, Lake Calvaire,
St. Augustin, Portneuf, Montmorency Falls, and
La Bonne Ste. Anne are among the many beauty
spots on the north shore, to be reached by motor
car from Quebec, while crossing the St. Lawrence
by ferry boat to Levis enables the motoring
party to take advantage of the excellent turnpike roads  on the  south shore,  leading  to  St.
1608 WHERE
Looking down the St. Lawrence from Chateau Frontenac
Joseph, St. Michel, L'Islet, Montmagny, Kamour-
aska, River-du-Loup and Cacouna on the one
side, to New Liverpool, Etchemin, and St.
Nicholas on the other, and in yet another direction to the beautiful Chaudiere Valley in Beauce,
and through it to Sherbrooke, and on, if necessary, to the New England States. The climate
of Quebec is delightful all the year round. The
summer heat is tempered by the mountain and
river breezes, so that there are very few evenings
even in July and August, when a light overcoat
proves any encumbrance on Dufferin Terrace.
Quebec's winter climate leaves nothing to be
desired, though it is only since the erection of
the Chateau Frontenac and the inauguration
of winter sports in connection therewith, that
it has really become the fashionable thing for
Americans in winter to run up to the old capital
of Canada, often in private cars, there to envelop
themselves in the beautiful furs that are here so
inexpensive, and to enjoy the sleigh-rides,
tobogganing, snow-shoeing, skiing, skating, etc.,
Bishop Laval
1659 H      I
Q      U
Part of the Old Ramparts
I      i
in the bracine air of the Canadian winter.
Instead of the enervating climate of the South,
that makes exertion of every kind a burden,
physical exercise in Quebec, during the season
of frost and snow, is a positive pleasure. The
more one Avalks, or drives, or skates, the more
temptation there is to continue it. The bracing
atmosphere of the Canadian winter is the very
elixir of life. The bronchial affections that are
developed and cultured by the stuffy air of a
muggy winter, invariably yield to the curative
effects of the clear northern atmosphere of
Quebec during the cold months of the year.
If Quebec is beautiful in the richness of her
summer verdure, she is perfectly sublime in her
pure   array  of  regal  ermine,   when  the   drifted
and English Soldiers snow   envelopes   churches   and   cloisters,   saints
and sinners, streets and dwellings; and the
delicate tracery of branch and twig are crystal-
plated by Nature's own process. To view the
old city aright, it is as necessary to see her when
the icy diamonds   in   the   tiara   of her Citadel-
1759 WHERE
Courtyard of Chateau Frontenac
crowned heights sparkle in the rays of the clear
winter sun, as it is in visiting fair Melrose to
view her by the pale moonlight. Not only in ,
her apparel is she glorious, for the winter is her
frolicsome season. Then, indeed, she holds
high carnival, and is wooed by high and low,
from far and near, for the joys that she distributes with so lavish a hand. The choice of
winter occupations and enjoyments in Quebec is
a wide one. Visitors are made heartily welcome
to the rinks, where skating, curling and ice
hockey, besides dances on the ice and fancy
dress carnivals, are constantly indulged in.
The most fashionable toboggan slide in Quebec
starts from under the shadow of the King's
Bastion of the Citadel, and ends upon Dufferin
Terrace at the entrance to the Chateau Frontenac Tea Room.
The various snowshoe club races give rise to
most interesting competitions and there is fun
enough to provide pleasant reminiscences for all
future years in an evening entertainment at one
General Wolfe
1759 H     I
Q      U
The Gharming Chateau Frontenac, Quebec
of the snowshoe club lodges, before   the   tramp
home commences at midnight.
The novelty of the Canadian winter is an
added attraction. In addition to the curious
costumes of the priests and soldiers and nuns,
who are met in the strange old city at almost
every turn, men, women, and children parade
the streets in blanket suits and furs and moccasins; gorgeously-attired snowshoers march out
with their bugle bands on club nights; the merry
tingle of the sleigh bells is everywhere; while
wheels have been superseded by runners, upon
which are mounted gaily painted sleighs, and
cosy carioles buried in furs.
There is scarcely a foot in Quebec which is not
historic ground, and consecrated by well-established fact or tradition, to the memory of deeds
of heroism, of instances of undying piety and
faith. The old walls of the city are mantled
with historical ivy. In the halls of the Chateau
Frontenac the traveller may smoke the pipe of
peace with the ghost of departed chieftains; he
1889 WHERE
Winter Sports near the Chateau Frontenac
may listen to the secret councillings of the
representatives of kings, and hear the merry
revellings of red coats round the mess. The
boom of the noon-day cannon and the tread of
the sentry without will ever remind the guest of
an historic past. The Chateau itself occupies
the very site of the old Chateau St. Louis, so
famous in Canadian history. Often in its
early days were its terror-stricken inmates
appalled at the daring adventures of the ferocious
Iroquois, who having passed or overthrown all
the French outposts, more than once threatened
the fort itself, and massacred friendly Indians
within sight of its walls. At the later period,
when the colony had acquired some military
strength, the Castle of St. Louis was remarkable
as having been the site whence French Governors
exercised an immense sovereignty, extending from
the mouth of the Mississippi River to the great
Canadian lakes, and thence along their shores
and those of the St. Lawrence, to the Gulf of the
same name.     It was also in the large hall of the
South African
1906 HIS      T      0      R      I      G
U     E     B
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' ...'■.    y
R.M.SS. "Empress of Ireland" at Quebec.
Castle that was enacted in 1690 the dramatic scene between the
impetuous messenger of the English Admiral Phipps and the haughty
French Governor, Count Frontenac, to whom he had been sent under a
flag of truce, to summon to a surrender of the fortress. "Go back to
your master," he said, "and tell him that I will answer only by the
mouth of my cannon to his impertinent demand " And he kept his
word, with such deadly effect, that the bombarding fleet was glad to
beat a precipitate retreat.
Immediately beneath Dufferin Terrace is seen the narrow street
bearing the name of Champlain, the founder of Quebec, whose noble
monument stands close to the Chateau. On the site of the present
market building below the Terrace was the first ground cleared by
Champlain for making a garden and constructing his temporary residence or habitation. A little to the east is seen the historic church
of Notre Dame des Victoires while to the west is the narrow pass
where General Richard Montgomery met an untimely death, while
leading on his little band of invading troops, on the 31st of December,
1775, to effect a union with the force commanded by Benedict Arnold.
Space fails us here to even mention the many historic sites
to be visited by tourists, who, guide-book in hand, will spend many
pleasant and instructive hours in visiting the tomb of Montcalm
in the Ursuline convent, the monument to Wolfe on the spot where
he expired in the hour of victory, the spectacular battle-ground
of the Plains of Abraham, where both contending generals received
their mortal wounds, the many convents and churches dating from
the days of the Old Regime, including the Basilica, partly demolished
in the siege of 1759, the English Cathedral with its noble monuments
to departed worth, the battlefield of Montmorency and the home
of the remnant of the Huron Indians at Jeune Lorette. (^anadian Pacific Railway
R. L. Thompson,
District Passenger Agent,
67 Yonge St., Toronto, Ont.
F. R. Perry,
District Passenger Agent,
362 Washington St., Boston, Mass.
W. B. Howard,
District Passenger Agent,
St. John, N.B.
A. E. Edmonds,
District Passenger Agent,
7 Fort St. W., Detroit, Mich.
Geo. A. Glifford,
Gity Passenger Agent,
Corner Superior & West 3rd Sts.
Cleveland, Ohio.
A. J. Blaisdell,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
Sinton Hotel Block, 15 E. 4th St.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
G. H. Griffin,
Gity Passenger Agent,
233 Main St., Buffalo, N.Y.
T. G. Orr,
Travelling Passenger Agent,
317 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa.
T. J. Barnes,
Gity Passenger Agent,
725 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo.
A, C. Shaw,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
232 South Clark St., Chicago, 111.
C. B. Foster,
Assistant General Passenger Agent,
Vancouver, B.C.
Allan Cameron,
General Traffic Agent,
458 Broadway, N.Y.
W. R. Callaway,
General Passenger Agent, Soo Line,
Minneapolis, Minn.
'JL, M. Harmsen,
Gity Ticket Agent,
Soo Line, St. Paul, Minn.
Geo. McL. Brown,
European Manager,
62-65 Charing Cross, S.W., and 67-68
King William St., E.C, London, Eng.;
24 James St., Liverpool, Eng.,
67  St. Vincent St., Glasgow, Scot.
F. W. Huntington,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
629-631 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
A, W. Robson,
Passenger and Ticket Agent,
127 E. Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md.
E. P. Allen,
Gity Passenger Agent,
Bond Bldg., 14th St. & New York Ave.,
Washington, D.G.
E. E. Penn,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
645 Market St. (Palace Hotel),
San Francisco, Gal.
A. B. CaJder,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
609 First Avenue, Seattle, Wash.
F. R» Johnson,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
142 Third St., Portland, Ore.
Geo. A. Walton,
General Agent, Passenger Dept.,
Spokane, Wash.
W. J. Wells,
District Passenger Agent,
Nelson, B.C.
R. G. McTSTeillie,
District Passenger Agent,
Calgary, Alta.
J. E. Proctor,
District Passenger Agent,
Brandon. Man.
M. Adson,
General Passenger Agent,
D. S.S. & A. Ry., Duluth, Minn.
D. W. Craddock,
General Traffic Agent, China, etc.,
Hong Kong.
W. T. Payne,
Manager Trans-Pacific Line,
Yokohama, Japan.
c. e. Mcpherson, wm. stitt,
General Passenger Agent, Western Lines, General Pass. Agent, Eastern Lines,
Winnipeg, Man. Montreal, Que.
I_>. E.  E.   USSUliK) ._ _.,_„__ _   i7-Y?'WfW>
Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager, xtUUtiltl    Ji.J5i.K.K9
Western Lines, Passenger Traffic Manager,
Winnipeg, Man. Montreal, Que
y i /


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