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By Canadian Pacific : from school to farm Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Department of Colonization and Development 1919

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  MACDONALD  AGRICULTURAL  COLLEGE
and    the    BRITISH    PUBLIC    SCHOOLS.
Information  for the  Guidance  of   Public   School  Boys
intending   to   engage   in   FARMING   in   CANADA.
AGRICULTURE IN CANADA :-
Farming in most parts of Canada has passed from the early pioneer stage of clearing
and breaking up of the land to the stage when brains count for more than muscle.
In the long run, success depends upon the application of intelligent scientific methods
in the cultivation of the land, the management and breeding of stock, and the
marketing of farm products.
As a means of developing and fostering these methods of farming there have been
established in Canada Agricultural Colleges and Experimental Farms where young
men can acquire the necessary knowledge of the science of agriculture and at the
same time get the practical experience in farming operations. These Colleges are
very popular, and are largely attended by the sons of the more progressive farmers
and others who can see clearly the value of a college education in these days when
intelligent farming makes for success. The graduates are the leaders, not only in
better farming, but also in the efforts to better the social life of the rural communities. They are to be found throughout Canada, occupying positions of trust in
Parliament, and even as Premiers of some of the Provinces.
Canada would welcome more young men of the calibre of the British Public School
Boys—Boys who have character, intelligence, energy, and are not afraid of hard work.
It is very important, however, that such boys should have some experience and
knowledge of Canadian conditions before engaging in farming on their own account,
for only by contact with a Canadian environment can they hope to breathe a
Canadian atmosphere which is one of the most important requisites for success.
To meet these needs as far as possible Macdonald College has thrown its doors open
to the Public School Boys who desire to take up farming in Canada.
WHAT MACDONALD COLLEGE ADVISES :-
Public School Boys desirous of engaging in farming in Canada are advised at the
outset to go to Macdonald College and to take one of the Courses outlined in a
following paragraph.
As the College is a residential institution they are soon brought into intimate contact
with Canadian boys and rapidly acquaint themselves with their ways, thoughts, and
aspirations. The College buildings and surroundings have a lovely setting on the
banks of the Ottawa River, and the recreational and social features are calculated to
bring out and develop the best elements of their nature.
The regular session of instruction ends in May, and the students are therefore
advised and urged to get further experience of farm life and operations by working
on a good Canadian farm during the long summer vacation of four months. To
this end the Canadian Pacific Railway engages to place any Public School Boy
attending Macdonald College on a farm for the summer vacation. Moreover,
through Representatives of the Canadian Pacific Railway and the College, they will
keep in touch with him the while and help him to earn a suitable wage while working
on the farm. In the autumn he may return to the College if he desires to do so, and
continue his studies during the winter Arrangements have also been made for groups of Boys who arrive in Canada in
early summer whereby they may work on the Macdonald College Farm under competent supervision, all the while living in the College residence. By these arrangements the boys are enabled to obtain an admirable introduction to Canadian Agricultural conditions, first through their residence at the College, and then through their
work on Canadian farms. In a short time they are in an advantageous position to
select and buy farms of their own.
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION.
The College comprises three Schools—the School of Agriculture, the School for
Teachers, and the School of Household Science.
Three Courses are given in the School of Agriculture :—
1. Short Courses of either three months or one full session. These are planned
to meet the needs of young men who desire to go farming as soon as possible, or who
cannot arrange to take the four-year course. The instruction is of an eminently
practical nature, and the farm equipment is utilized for purposes of instruction.
2. A Four-year Course, leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (B.S.A.) given by McGill University. During the last two years specialization
is permitted in one of the following subjects : (a) Animal Husbandry; (b) Agronomy;
(c) Horticulture; (d) Plant Pathology; (e) Entomology; (/) Agricultural Chemistry.
3. Post-graduate Courses leading to the degrees of M.Sc. and M.S.A. These
advanced courses aim to prepare graduates for professional work either as instructors or investigators.
ENTRANCE  REQUIREMENTS.
Students must be at least seventeen years of age and must present a certificate form
from the home medical doctor that they are physically sound and have been recently
successfully vaccinated against smallpox.
-
A  View of the College Buildings from the Horticultural Grounds, Macdonald College. -<-•;. r
>-r<iy.;-~-;i;:t
Agricultural
Building
with Greenhouses
a!  Macdonald
College.
Boys' Residence at Macdonald College
The School Leaving Certificate is the accepted academic requirement for admission
to the Four-year Course leading to the degree of B.S.A., but a lower standard is
permitted, providing the applicant presents a creditable certificate from the Headmaster.
If the applicant prefers he may sit for the McGil] University Matriculation Examination in June, under the direction of Mr. W. A. Bulkeley Evans, of 5 Paper Buildings,
Temple, London, E.C.4, the representative of the University in Great Britain.
For admission to the Short Courses the requirements are still lower—a fair knowledge
of the elementary school subjects, and a certificate from the Headmaster. COST OF INSTRUCTION AT MACDONALD COLLEGE.
The cost of instruction for a College year from October 1 to June 1 (eight months)
is as follows :—
Tuition Fee  $100.00   or   £20 11    0
Board and Lodging @ $6.50 a week (roughly
34 weeks)    .'.        221.00   „     45   8   2
Books, incidentals   75.00    „       15    8    3
§396.00
£81   7   5
It is quite possible for a boy to earn sufficient money as wages earned on a farm during
the long summer vacation to pay for about half of the cost of his residence in the
College during the regular session.
COST  OF  TRANSPORTATION.
Intending passengers should obtain from the nearest Canadian Pacific Office or
Agency a declaration form, also a sailing list giving general information regarding
booking of passage, etc.
WHERE MACDONALD COLLEGE IS LOCATED.
Macdonald College is a part of McGill University, Montreal, and is located at
Ste. Anne de Bellevue, on the Island of Montreal, about twenty miles from the heart
of the city. It is reached in about 35 minutes by either the Canadian Pacific Railway
or the Canadian National Railway. P.O. Address—Macdonald College, Province of
Quebec, Canada.
The College property comprises about 800 acres, of which about 700 acres are
devoted to experimental and farm purposes. The College buildings are undoubtedly
the largest and the best equipped of all the Canadian Agricultural Colleges, and
were the gift of Sir William Macdonald of Montreal. His total gift, including land,
buildings, equipment, and endowment, was about seven and a half million dollars
(one and  a half million pounds).
Mr. W. A. Bulkeley Evans, Secretary of the Headmasters' Conference, 5 Paper
Buildings, Temple, London, EG.4, requests that all Public School students going
to Canada report the date of their departure and place of residence in Canada to
him, through the Headmaster of the School where they have been educated.
It is hoped that parents and students will not hesitate to write freely
to the undersigned, who is in a position to give the fullest information
possible on all matters appertaining to the settlement of Public School
Boys in Canada-—
A.   EWAN   MOORE,
European Manager,
Dept.   of   Colonization   and   Development,
CANADIAN    PACIFIC     RAILWAY    CO.,
62-65,     Charing     Cross,     London,     S.W.I. The Experimental Grounds at Macdonald College.
A Class of Graduates in Agriculture. KEYTO BUILDINGS
1 MAIN 9 HORTICULTURAL
2 LIBRARY   & BARN.
ASSEMBLY HALL 10.P0ULTKY
3 CHEMISTRY ll.PIGGERY
4 BIOLOGY IZ.SHEEPBARN
5 MEN'S RESIDENCE   I3.FARM   BARN
6 WOMEN'S   » I4.W0RK SHOP
7 POWER HOUSE    I5.FARM   HOUSE
8 LIVE   STOCK &   16. DAY SCHOOL
HORTICULTURE     IT. WREMfNS HOUSES.
&igreen houses 18.cottages
9,Stables«c Barns
20. Residences
APPROXIMATELY   800 ACRES.
OTTAWA
RIVER
Where a young man may receive instruction in all phases of farming suitable for any district in Canada.
7 I
CANADIAN PACIFIC
The Wcr/c/s Greatest Highway
Great Britain—Canada—U.S.A.—Japan—China
An Unrivalled Feature of the Canadian Pacific Route
Is that the traveller has only one organization to deal
with for an ocean and rail journey and secures one
high   standard   of   service   in   Steamers, -Trains   and   Hotels
A   Bureau of Canadian  Information
Is maintained by the Canadian Pacific Dept. of
Colonization and Development for providing latest details
regarding   industrial   and   agricultural   conditions   in   Canada
In the Reference Library, maintained at the head European office
of the Canadian Pacific Railway, 62-65, Charing Cross,
London, S.W.I, is complete data on natural resources,
climate, labour, transportation, business openings, etc., in
Canada, which is continually being revised and brought up
to   date.      No   charge   or   obligation   attaches   to   this   service
Money Orders and Travellers*  Cheques issued and
Parcels forwarded to  Canada and U.S.A. by
DOMINION   EXPRESS   OF   CANADA
1^
CANADIAN
^PACIFIC/
. RAILWAY./
,   Printed by Eyre & Spottiswoode, Lid.. His Majesty's Printers, Downs Park Road, London, E.8.

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