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The Chung Collection

Correspondence, 1924 MacDonell, Father Andrew 1924

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 7\
fho party of hebrideaaa ef approximately 300 souls who
arrived ia Canada in May last ar© bow satisfactorily settled
in Central and Morthern Alberta. They are jaostly en fartae of
their ro)( though several ©x-s©rvie© men are still qualifying
and will soon be ready to buy fans®.
the party was augmented by sewn families of Mebrideans
brought over last year and having qualified are now settled
©a their own faras west of Red Peer.
That the whole party are well satisfied and well settled
is clearly proved by their anxiety to get their nearest relatives
in the Old Country brought across to Canada as soon as it ean
bo arranged. Lists of sueh relatives ar© boiag prepared. In
order to help in this work of colonising these' Soots and others
who intend to follow than, th© old Indian School at Had Seer
has been'mad© available. It is used as a Receiving, Training
aad.Distributing Centre and as such it has proved its value.
As-it is'no longer an Indian or Industrial School it has been
decided to sail th© plant ia th© future by th© Gaelic nasa©
"Ara»folrtH. In order to put it in shape and amke it a going
concern a '-grant of 1§$$QQ was received this year, this grant
was primarily intended for necessary repairs to the buildings.
Using to the little tins at disposal between allowing of grant
and arrival of settlors it was impossible to oak© any headway
with repairs, the cleaning up of the buildings took up all
available time.
It was perhaps fortunate that it all so happened ae funds
were available for"the maintenance of th© settlers until they
could be properly distributed; aaay had arrived with practically
no funds and there was nothing ©Is© to do but feed thsa. To
add to th© difficulties, sos® of th© children contracted- saessles
at Winnipeg end it'was Indeed very fortunate that such spacious
buildings were' available to house thee© sick children. A Doctor
sad nurees were at hand and the car© aad nursing has 'made a
profound and 'valuable iapressioa upon the settlers, and as a
matter of fact has e^phaaissd that feeling of security to th©
intending settler that-was ataed at ia asking this headquarters
available. This is all now wall known to their. friends at
hoae through th© letters of tho settlers .
In tho maintenance of the party of. approximately 300 souls
and th© nursing of about 100 sick children sosae .'f.4000 were expended. - 2 -
Over #1100 were expanded in small loans helping with transportation
of families* frogs Red Beer to final destination. Besides this,
about f2000 were expanded ia buying horses, cows, harness aad
machinery for the fans. Th© expenditure also included f©©d for
horses and cows and seed for this fall's crop.
Th© far® proved very valuable from a training standpoint.
An officer of th© S.S.B. was mad© available and 60 sen and boys
were mad© acquainted with th© ©lemsats of Canadian farming saethods,-
the harnessing of horses, th© us© of wagon, aad driving of t«
ploughing with gang plow, breaking, and seeding, etc.
So far therefore nothing permanent has been don© in natter
of repairs. Ussay temporary adjustments war© aad© for th©
time being. There is absolute need of repairs in th© raatter of the
sewerage system at Ard-itolr©. The system as at present has apparently been eon-deaaed some tins ago by authority and it behooves to
have it remedied as soon as possible aad before any other considerable party should arrive. Some addition should be aad© to the
number of toilet places and some latrines outside, lash basins
with taps for running water should be installed and at least two
bath© in each of the two buildings.
U»# well should be deepened to provide a greater flow of
water, list «®m oeeasleas this year th© water supply was short.
Th© roofs of all the buildings need attention and also the walls
of th© two mala stone and brick buildings. These wall® need-pointing.
All the wooden buildings need painting. M th© interiors several
floors have been damaged -and m&& refleering. Partitions aad
ceilings aeed repair and certain changes in partitions saay be
required to make th© place ssor© suitable for present purposes.
These repairs should be esaaeneod issmediately to be ready
for work in the early spring. There 'are two of the Mebrideans
who are first, ©lass carpenters aad I should be glad to employ
them and others of th© party on this work a© soon as the harvest
is over.
In order to have a successful year in 1|24 it would be weU
that Father *foha MMltUltn* now at Rod Deer, who is an excellent
Oatllc speaker and is well knows throughout the Hebrides but
more ©specially in th© north and South Mists, in Benbeenla,
Erlskay Barra, Ilgg, and uaaaa, should b® ©splayed as a delegate
for the next three months to go to Scotland aad explain how
th© Mebrideans whs seme out this year are settled ia Canada.
M© has at my Instance visited all the settlers and has been
most favourably Stressed, finds th© settlors very well satisfied
and Is himself satisfied that th© people of those islands should - 3- *
©migrate and -settle in. Canada. Me la convinced that it would
b© to their wery great advantage aad will strongly urge them
to do as, as things sun be arranged for them.
As soon as possible I wish to got west again (l) fa start
the rspairs at ArOMoir©., Red Dear aad (2) To have accurate and
up to date details as to lands available for settlement.
As to this last matter saueh will depend upon what the Government
is ready to do ia the matter of building cottages as per ay
to th© Minister.
There are very fine lands available for purchase on long
and easy terms of payment aad my people aould be led to tackle
the® if a house were provided for the® to go into on arrival in
this country.
It ia also necessary for a© to go over to Scotland this
year for two or three months to get into touch not only with
iieferidesas but with quite a large number of prospective isaaigraats
from th© Mainland of Scotland. There ia no doubt that I can
obtain a much larger body of esttler® from tho i&g&Ueada of Scotland
tills Gaming y®ar. Hjy Information Is that the Msbrideaas in better
circumstances deliberately waited to see what was- to happen to
this year*® party before they moved. They aow know that those
who cam© are better placed than any of them had doomed possible
and that there are excellent opportunities for energetic men. I
have no doubt of the futur© if this aid© can b@ organised.
la regard to money which will be required it -any be stated :-
i.  It Is necessary that the #4000 odd, uaforsesa expenditure on
maintenance be restored to repair work and expended on all
©srpaater work, on the repair of roofs and pointing and
painting of buildings at Ar4*SI»ire. The sewerage system and
water supply should be undertaken by contract and paid for
separately. .If this I® taken up separately the #5500 grant
should suffice for all other rspairs.
2. Means should be talon for th© proper and continuous maintenance
and repair of th© whole plantt Buildings and grounds, engine
room, ©to. This would require wages of $$Q $m month er
1600 per year.
3. A natron wet be kept, in order that ear© tee taken of all
the interior furnishings of housekeeping and proper discipline
. of dowitories* etc Also in order, that girls who com© for
purposes of domestic service m$ fee sareguarded and oared
for until they are placed. A considerable number of itai&s
wore so provided for daring this year. This would require
another $50 per month or faOO a year.
Ia regard to th© expenditure of the §4000 for maintenance of
Mebrideans, this was unforseen and is not likely to occur again. • 4 -
It would be Impossible to collect my of it from the
settlers as it is not known how much each individual owes.
P.S.
In m$ statement of account of expenditure on Mebrldsans
I did not include wli«t ought to be paid to th© Doctor who
attended them, Also th© two trained nurses who worked among
them for th© first month. I had hoped that the Had cross would
have paid this but they refused. It would b© utterly impossible
for these settlers who «er© almost peaallfss to pay th© usual
medical and nursing fees of this country. They simply would not
have estpioyed them and several deaths would have betm the result. Qopy
Edmonton, Alberta,
Nov. 26, 1924.
Mr. S. Maber,
The land Settlement Branch,
Union Bank Bldg.,
Ottawa, -Ont.
Dear Mr. Maber
In accordance with your instructions
as contained in your telegram of the 6th ultimo I
now beg to enclose original report received from Mr.
H. B. White, covering his inspection of the property
held by the Mortgage Company of Canada on behalf of
the Belgian Syndicate north of Yermilion, as referred
to in my letter of September 30th.
It would appear that as an area for
colonization this parcel meets many requirements, in
that the district as a whole is fairly well settled
by British people who have established themselves with
a degree of success, and these people would be glad
indeed to welcome newcomers of British type.
In the second place there is every
prospect that there will he employment opportunities
during the next year or two through the grading and
building of the Cutknife Branch of the C.P.E. practically
through the district adjacent, the third consideration,
of course, being that the price is so low that it is
hardly conceivable that there will be another opportunity
to consider a parcel of land of this area on such a
favourable cost arrangement.
Should it be the desire of the Board
to favourably consider the proposal I would be glad of
early advice in order that an extension of the present
reservation might be arranged for, as I am informed 'by
the representative of the Company that the American
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers are at the present
time endeavouring to negotiate with the Syndicate for
the purchase of this property as a speculation.
being
forwarde
Confidential Appraisal
id under separate cover.
Reports
are
Yours very
truly,
"H. Gordon"
.
District
Superintendent. Copy
H. f, Gordon, Esq.,
District Superintendent,
Soldier Settlement Board,
EDMONTON, Alberta.
Southam Building,
Calgary, Alberta.
November 18, 1924.
LOCATI01.
TOPOGRAPHY
ETC.
Dear Sir:
Re. Interim Report on Lands
in the Vermilion District,
the property of the Mortgage
 Company of Canada.	
In accordance with your Instructions of
October 7th, on the conclusion of the inspection of
the Saddle Lake Indian Reserve, I moved, the party
from St. Paul to Vermilion on the Thirty-first day
of October. On the following Monday morning the
inspection of these lands was commenced by the entire
party, and was continued up till the Eighth day of
November, at which time I decided that owing to the
continued snowfall and permanent winter conditions
obtaining, it was useless to go further with the
examination of these lands, and the work was discontinued.  The work so far as it went, however, can be
depended upon for accuracy.
These lands are situated between the Canadian
National Railway from Edmonton to Lloydminster on the
South, and the Saskatchewan River on the North, and
are scattered over seven Townships, more particularly
described as follows:- From Township 51 to 54, Ranges
5, 6 & 7, West of the 4th Meridian. They are all within
£4 miles of the Railway; Vermilion, Borradaile and Islay
being the points on the Railway.  The first noted is the
natural market town for all these lands.
The District generally speaking is undulating
land, becoming more rough and rolling as one gets farther
north. The coulees and draws, and the hills, are covered
with a growth of poplar up to 10 inches in diameter, and
willow brush.  Small lakes and sloughs are scattered
throughout the area occurring with hay meadows on nearly
every section inspected. These lakes and sloughs for the
most part are now dry, but would undoubtedly fill up
again with wet seasons. Apart from the small lakes, the
District is partly watered by the tributaries of the
Vermilion and Saskatchewan rivers.
SOIL.
The  soil throughout the area varies from light
sandy loam to a heavy  clay loam;  the latter being found
in the more Northerly parts   of the District.   The  sub-soil
varies from sand to clay.     In  Township 51, Range 5,  the
soil is  decidedly light and sandy;  the  sub-soil  sand and
clay mixed and the  same  soil  and sub-soil was found in
the  South East part  of  Township 52,  Range  6.   In the  centre
and Northern parts of Township 52, Range 6, a good deep
clay loam, with a clay  sub-soil, was found to exist;
also in  Township 53, Ranges 5 and 6. — 6 —
WATER SUPPLY.
LAND VALUES.
FARM UNITS
PRESENT
SETTLEMENT
The greater part of the soil throughout
the area is of good quality, and I consider it productive under proper cultivation. Although the soil
in the first named Township is very sandy, farmers
adjoining the lands inspected have been raising crops
off it for - in one case - 18 years, and appear to
have been successful.  This year on a farm adjoining
one.of the pieces inspected, with exactly similar soil,
18 bushels of No. 1 wheat were produced.
Practically speaking no permanent surface
water supply can be depended upon.  Good water, however,
can be procured at from 30 to 60 feet in depth throughout the area. This water is a hard water.
In order to decide what value should be
placed on these lands, I called a meeting of the
Inspectors and asked them to submit to m© on a slip
of paper their ideas of values:-
(1)  In Township 51, Range 5,
(£)  In Township 52, Ranges 5, 6 & 7.
(3)  In Township 53, Ranges 5 & 6.
these values to be the maximum for clear arable land,
and the pasture land throughout these Townships. The
difference of opinion between us were remarkably slight,
and the following values viaxe  adopted to the satisfaction
of everyone :-
flj  §10.00 and §5,00
(2J  $12.00 and §6.00
(5)     §12.00 and §6.00.
No  inspections were made  in   Township  54, Range
5,  but a value   of §8.00  for the best arable land,  and
§4.00 for pasture, was agreed upon.   These values  of course
are  for cash.
The Loan Companies,   the Hudson's Bay Company,
and the C.P.R.  hold similar lands throughout the District
for  sale  at from §14.00  to  §18.00 all  round,  and I  think
that  the  values arrived at by ourselves are  quite  reasonable and represent a fair cash value.
This  examination   of these  lands was made with
a view to  the possibility of dividing these parcels into
farm units.     The  inspections v/ere  carried  out on whole
sections  or half sections,  and certain recommendations
as to farm units have been made in the individual
inspector's reports.     Generally speaking,   these will be
found to be  320 acres,  and on making enquiries  from
neighboring farmers I found that the average farm for the
District is that size.
The District  is well  settled,  and the  farmers
are  engaged in mixed farming.  A  considerable  quantity o  -
of stock is also raised, and the farmers appear to
be satisfied with their condition. They are mostly
British people, and a number of the farms are well
equipped with good buildings.  They consider that they
have been successful in their farming operations.
It was noticed that practically every farm
has a certain number of sheep upon it, and the country
is considered very suitable for this class of stock. I
was informed that the farmers are investing more money
in this class of stock every year.
During the past season it v/as very dry in
the early part; threshed crops showed a return of from
15 to 20 bushels of good wheat, and from 20 to 40
bushels of oats. Some very good returns of greenfeed
and vegetables were also obtained this year. In years
previous to this, wheat yields have run from 20 to 36
bushels, and oats from 30 to 65 bushels per acre. The
dry sloughs, and small lake beds, have been seeded to
greenfeed, and this year have given a yield of from 3
to 4 tons per acre; also in places a heavy crop of Timothy
hay.
Dairying is followed generally throughout
the District; the cream being hauled to the Creamery
at Vermilion. Hogs and cattle are also raised and
fattened.
I am of the opinion that mixed farming is
actually a success in this District, and see no reason
why those lands inspected should not eventually prove
as good an investment as those now being operated by
the present settlement.
The District is well supplied with, schools,
and most of the road allowances are open and nearly
all are graded, especially those running North and South.
MARKETS. The natural market for the farmers of this
District is Vermilion, situated within more or less
easy reach of any part of the area for sale. Vermilion
is a thriving town with a population of approximately
1000 people.  There are several stores, banks, four
grain elevators, a creamery, a grist and flour mill,
schools and churches, etc.  It is a good market town,
and all farm produce can be disposed of there. There
is, in addition, an Agricultural Training School, which
has recently come into prominence through the arrival
of the fifty English boys for agricultural training
under the George Hoadley scheme.
GENERAL REMARKS        The normal total precipitation for the year
AND is between 15 and 17 inches. This rainfall coupled with
RECQMMENDATIQNS t he absence of hot winds, and excessive evaporation,
compares favourably with that of the most prosperous
farming districts in Alberta.
The present settlement of farms are a good
type; have undoubtedly been successful, and are anxious
most of them, to acquire more land in this District at
a reasonable price. Although the area is essentially
a mixed farming one, it also produces a fair grade of _ 4 -
wheat, and these crops do not appear to have suffered
in the past fr om-early frost conditions.
I regret that on account of winter conditions
I was unable to go thoroughly over this area, but am
of the opinion that those lands not inspected will
be of practically the same quality as those inspected.
I am not, however, prepared at this time to make a
specific recommendation as to the purchase of th© whole,
but believe that at the price at which these lands are
offered for sale to the Board, they will be worth
further investigation when the weather permits, and
although it may be difficult to economically make use
of some parcels, the whole area will prove of good
average quality, and quite suitable for British settlement.  Newcomers would not be isolated in a community,
but would have the advantage of close and friendly
neighbors who would willingly give them the benefit of
their experience.
Outstanding cases of decided success were met
with in this District by men who had had no previous
experience of farming in Canada.  In this connection,
I might mention a case which was brought specially to
my attention by Messrs. Brick and Brennan, which
demonstrates the value of the low land where a slough
has once existed, and been reclaimed. It also goes to
show that the greater part of the low land in the area
is not of an alkali or acid nature.  I quote the above
named Inspectors' report:-
"There is an instance of a soldier settler in
this District having drained a lake on Section
22 and the West part of Section 23, Township
52, Range 6, at an approximate cost of §2200.00,
and up to date he has had crop returns from
his portion of lake bottom to the value of
§1500.00 net; also he has received about §1200.00
from adjoining neighbors who have benefited by
the draining of the lake, as their contribution
to the cost of draining,"
I am forwarding with this report the individual
Inspection Reports with a duplicate sketch attached to
each, I am also forwarding a recapitulation of the
reports, giving a short description of each, the number
of units, the values, the total acreage to be inspected,
and those actually completed with our average price as
far as the work has gone.
I trust that this report will be found satisfactory, and would like the opportunity of completing
this work when weather conditions are again favourable.
Yours faithfully,
"H. E. WHITE"
Chief Inspector Calgary District.
hew/kt . CANADIAN   PACIFIC
S.S. MONTCLARE. JlAL
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2s 985o  na St
Edmonton Nov. Si 1924
■^ev. Father MacDonell,
Russel House,
Ottawa, Ont.
My Dear Father,
I received your wire today and am forwarding
your Seal at onee, I believe 4t is at Hefferna^s.
My crop turned out not up to my expectations,
I am getting a 2o$ dockage on no. 6 tough wheat and tough
wheat is worth about fl.oo so you see I will nnly realixe
about 8o cts. My oats was poor yield and is very light and
mostly grading rejected. Of course I can feed my oats to my
horses but at the same time that won't pay my obligations.
I saw Jimmy Home before he left and I told him
I had forgotten to tell you that you could have as many mares
as you require at Red Deer and can have them for one year
without charge. I thought possibly some of your Hebrideans
at H©d Deer may be short on horses and if they are they can
have some of mine for the use of them, that is they are to
have them one year for nothing and at the end of the year
they are either to buy them at a -orice set on the horse when thfy
receive him  or return him to me at Wetaskiwin. This I consiar
very fair and a very easy way for them to get horses when they
are beginning and it also has a, further benefitm , it gives
them one year in which to find if the horses has any defects.
I can only give these horses to members of your party who are
starting on farms of their own as it will assist them greatly
in starting.
I had a nice letter from Col. Dennis in which
he gave me his views of the Timber Deal. In one paragrapy of
his letter he wrote' It is too bad that Questions affecting
the future of these colonists, such as that relating to tie
timber limits, to which you refer, should be made a political
issue, but it would seem that no matter what one does in an
effort to improve conditions in Canada the motives are misconstrued and politics dragged in1. He is right and the more
I think of this deal the more convinced I am that we got a
raw deal. I am writing Mr. Stewart today and giving him
my opinions of the way we were treated. Mr. Stewart did
his part and I have everything good to say ahout him. we
find it is very handy this winter to have some tie work for
our people, we try to get them better jobs and failing we
can always fall back on our own bush where our people will
get a fair deal and without this winter work in bush that
we control ourselves we would have more or less difficulty
in placing our men. ^   pX should be paid and I don't suppose this girl can pay it.
\j,^Z^v ^9 mus"fc have an emergency fund to carry on with in matters
AA>\   a  0:f this kind if the work is to be a success. At the end of
X a, year it won't be a great deal if handled judicially. I had
Z ^ to help ojrt a family at Ledue yesterday, he had frozen a toe
and Doctor at Leduc phoned Gordon about his condition , he
^Z
V2    i
\H' X I just got a bill from Misercordia Hospital for $53.5o
y~\     f  f°r caring of Jessie McDonald. Of course I cannot ?>ay this
v) Z^Z5* account as we have no funds for this work. I realize it
"^v
^ 3 e was penniless and I sent the Doctor flo.oo to tide him over.
I spoke to the Archbishop regarding a secretary here to look
after this work, in fact look after all these details as I
told him it ismpossible for me to look after this work any
longer as I did not have time and he promised me that this
would be done just as soon as you returned to Edmonton. I
pv don't mind getting them positions as I feel I can do this
< nrohably better than others as I know so many whom I can
a\ "\ ask for employment but the details, answering letters and
1 1a sickness and work of this kind I simply haven&t the time
V J and I cannot do it any longer and I trust you will have aman
- picked out by this time who will do this work. I think the
Archbishop mentioned some priest in the easjr that you were
i      going to see for this work. I trust you will be successful
y    J jT in this as I must drop this part or go in the poor house
Jfmyself. I cannot get away for even a day to do any of my
xZpro. work and should I get out of town they learns where I am
V and I immediately get reverse phone calls about some sickness
5 or some doles to be handed out. This will require a, man's whole
j time and I feel I should not be expected to do this detail
Jv3 wor^ any longer. I made this quite plain to the Archbishop
Jfir and he agreed with me that this work should be done by a
3 \J "^ secretary and promised a secretary at once and I agreed to
J   p   continue until a secretary was appointed providing one is
secured in the very near future. Besides I cannot aford to
\^>f f pay out my own money for this work and as you no doubt know
/ xJ A_  x cannot refuse assistance to a poor family and sometimes
I vjJ it happens that I don t get time to go into the history of
- ^ZZJ  a case and may be paying money where it was not required.
. r
fc n""**^ ^r* &ran"k g&ve sme a contract for 2oooo ties,
I A>   \  at first it was I5ooo and he increased it to Eoooo for
■Z.  J which I am very thankful to him. If you are in Montreal
^   » I would like you to call on Mr. Grant, General Tie Agent
\<db for C.N.R. and thank him for this wontract.
\P
.3
I wish you were here to discuss several big
land deals I have in mind and all are better than Snaaie
**aka ^eserve, that is they are cheaper and better land,
of course continue with the ^addleZMMleLake butthese others
X  are good ones. Would like you to visist Edmonton before
going to Old Country so that we would  discuss these with
you.
With our best wishes.
5 \
Day Lst
..»
Night M .   „.
Nite
Night Letter
N L
If none of these three symbols
appears after the check (number
of words) this is a day message.
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Head office. Toronto, Ont.
W. G. BARBER. General Manager
»r ca » E.K1N  UNION
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1925 DEC 16-  PM
24
WGA208 RS
MONTREAL  QUE   16
■
FATHER MACDONNELL
ARCHBISHOPS  RESIDENCE EDMONTON  ALTA
IN CONFERENCE WITH COLONEL  DENNIS   HE  DESIRES  OUR  AGREEMENT
WITH  YOU REGARDING  DELEGATE FOR SCOTLAND BE DEFERRED UNTIL YOU
ARRIVE MONTREAL
W  J BLACK. ARCHBISHOP'S   RESIDENCE
8317  105th  STREET
EDMONTON,  ALBERTA
December 18th, 1924,
To whom it may concern,
Dear Sir or Madam-
Father MacDonell, head of the Scottish Immigrant Aid
Society is at present buying a block of 30,000 acres of land north
of Vermilion for the price of $4.00 per acre which is but fifty per
cent of its value.  This block of land was appraised this season
by the officers of the Land Settlement Board of Canada. Their
report is very favourable  and their appraisal was $9.00 per acre.
Father MacDonell who has been responsible for the successful
settling of over 1200 settlers within the last 18 months is well
known throughout Canada and, due to his methods all are doing well
with every prospect of future prosperity—those in possession of
their own farms not only contented but filled with enthusiasm as to
their future, those not yet on land of their own, impatient and anxious
to  get farms  in this coming spring.
It is the purpose of Father MacDonell in acquiring this block
of land to settle on it 180 families of Scottish, English or Irish
race.  In the  same vicinity,  there are other locations in which can
be placed the  numerous acquaintances  and relatives  of the above
nucleus who will certainly follow them and, as a result the value of
the land will be  enhanced.
The British Government have thought so well of Father Mac-
Donnell's work that they have financed the building of 100 cottages
for colonising purposes; of these 60 are now completed. ARCHBISHOP'S   RESIDENCE
8317  105th  STREET
EDMONTON,  ALBERTA
Further, he has >een sj successful  in bringing and establishing  the right kind of settler  that he has been invited to find
700 of the 3000 families to be established under the new  Settlement Scheme. He is confident that he can get them.
The difficulty that arises in buying the land is that it
must be a cash transaction. The/Amount  required would be about $120,000«
and due to the expenses incurred by FatherMacDonnell*s Society
in establishing and caring for his 1200 settlers with really inadaquate
funds, a cash payment of this amount  is at present beyond his means.
Nevertheless the financing and protection of this purchase price
would be within Father MacDonnell's reach once the establishment of
the people was commenced.
I have gone into this proposition ve^r thoroughly with Father
MacDonell, consulting Government officials as well as other practical
land men and I have no doubt of the success of the project.
Yours very sincerely snd faithfully,
* y f y—f
Archbishop of Kdmonton. -SOLDIERS SSTTiSHCare BOARD-
Calgary, Hoveraber 4, 1984
Reverend Father a. MacDonell,
Ard-Moire Farm,.
RID mm.  Alberta.
Dear Father MacDonell,
HI AIJuBff, JfeoLBLLAN
With reference to your memorandum to me of October 13 and our
conversation in 'rejjpeot  to getting  the above mentioned man    and his family
satisfactorily located for the Winter,   1 wish to advise  tbui as promised I had
our Mr.  Glover Qsuprvaed  the possibility of gettiagthia family moved to one of
the  towns along' tho Ocaigary^and i.dmonton line -«h.8r©   there was plenty ef day work
for Mrs.  Machelhiri.
Mr*  Glover- now adviaea   that Mrs-  M&cl*ellan could now get work washing
dishes  in  tin Zote3   at ZmiZrai Ottd would, "os paid at   this rata  of  $25.00 per
month. Her duties fa&|<l i>e  finished &t from tnatt to  §vp "Hi **ty P.M. and she -movLi
not he needed again unlff   I.Z Gv^n^ng.        Mr. MoTaggart,   our ifield Supervisor at lunisfail,   can prpour© a 3bi*m*M for ~hon r„t .30.00 jjwor month.
a-.'lf.t Glover.also states  thai Mr, YritaZZ of h-ed Dear has ascertained that there  fee- plenty   of  day woak for Vara.  MacLella,-. at L&ooiaba do.j.ag
washing,   house  clean..rig,   et-eZj  end   that   they  can  mw% i  three  roomed house
for Z5.00 per'aa-agh.. -,.    .
T ha I acr.  Clover ingBi-uGt Mr, Kiley ox' Leslievilie,   to proceed-to'
move hifaMv&iZky to k&eomba* hutonaMr. Hiley's arrival set Chief JiacDonald*s farm
"ha was"' Ijafox-mort.' by Mr.  Maor^llsjr that  they could not accept  the position "due\g"'
to--the f&ot  that  they have a six''week old baby as well sup  three  or four'other a
qhp-Iax;,eh  ^nmssn the ageo of three? and  sight, years, They also have   la their
pop 80-6 si on a cat-,  a aare ana colt,  twenty ehiokeria,   throe tjnnko,  fifteen bag'S-a.
"b"f potatoes and several at'her odder ana. tttds wZ.ch make  ii almost  impossible to
/iaove-./-' f
'/■,        fou will see from the above  thai we have  done  fee host we possibly
can' fo;i? this family but  lis view of their refusing to accept the position we
-have proofed for them and their being enciphered to almost  such an extent
that if.pi  impossible for them to move  to a position i$i  'cum,   I would ho pleased
if you will kindly advise ae by return mail what you suggest beaig done for them
if anything.
Z     " j a i-'-. '■- -• ..;      '. ZZ.a :a'.' "-';: ''■ ?:'-'."   ;-'' g '. .. ,-■?,,...•'".-.'-..... -g,......'.-.'
a    Yours faithfully,
(sigd) V« G.  Woods,
DISTRICT 3UI>*T
ERG/Oh fh® party of Maferidaaa® of *ps^adaately 300 aoule ah®
arrived in Canada in Hay last are »ow antiefaetarUy settled
in Central and iterthorn Alberta.   they are neatly 011 fana® of
their aem, though several eweerviae a@a are at ill ^uallfyin®
and will aeon b« pmiy to buy fcunMi*
the party wae augaeated If aeven families of itebrldsaao
brought ov«p last year and having qualified are nam settled
on their MM %tmm weet if Red Seer.
that the ahe&e party ar® well satisfied and well eetttad
in olearly proved by their anxiety te get their nearest relatives
la th© uM Country tertraght aereee to Canada as @®®a as it can
fee arranged.    Lists if sash 'relatives are toting frtgwred.    In
ardar to half* In this work ef oolontelag thee® Seet® and other®
who intend to fallow taeat* the aid iadtaa Sebeal at Hud Dew
has Dm aad® available.   It i® used m a Rette&tinft* training
and Mstrihatiag Centre and a® avob it lam proved it a vale®.
m it le at longer an Indian or Jtedusrlrial Sefeeel it ha® heaa
decided to eall th® plant ia the Mm by the Oaelie asm
Md*d4tf»ire>«,   2* order to put it in almp® and mlw it a going,
eon®era a grant of #5100 «m reeeived this year,   this gwtjt
Oaiag t® th© little tins at diepoeal bttwea allowing of grant
and arrival of aettler® it mm ti^oeeibl© to ®@k® any headway
with repair®.   %%& cleaning up. of the hatldingB took up all
available time.
A WH8 perhaps fortunate that it all m happened a® fund®
ware available far the @al«t®»an.e« of the settler® until they
eeuld a® property dietrihutedi amy had arrived with pnurtiealty
a® fund® aad there mm nothing else te da bat f©«d than.   *m
add to th® dlffteuitioa, some of the ahUdran eaatraeted neasle®
«k Riandptg and it mm isdaad »ry f©rtaaat® that mwh ej»aeioaa
teUdftaga *»ra availabl® ta l*«a© th«®a aiat ahlldraa..   A Oaotor
and naretaa war® at hand »i th® §ar® and nursi^ ha® aad® a
p»®f®wad m& valaabl® jy^raaaian apaa th® ®®ttl®r®, and a® a
«Rt«ar of faet haa aaphaai*®^ **»* faaltog •* s®eurity to the
i»t®ndi^ aattter that «m a^ed at ia laaMiag thio h»dti«art©rs
avaliabl®.   «hU ia ail naw «®U Mnam ta their friands at
through th© letter® of th® oettlara.
M th® aaiat^a^® af th® party af. ap|*®xiMit®ly 300 aoala
and th® nursing af afeoat 100 aiak fbtldran earn- WOOD mm expended. - a
H§ar §1100 were anoandad in —til immm haietww with traEtteoertetlaa
of faadliea fro® Had .Sear te final ndfatitta&iea*   fhta&dea thla«
e-eaMfTae.a*    ^ttiwwW   Ww' *r    a#wra^v<ei^i«flw»*'-   «***   e^wyjp-«e»w^jj   ®,*v,aa »s*^#%>a    tos* —"a® a   ®#wKP -waair ***f   e*s*ia%*
ee^e^iF4-.wwv%#ss^a- &    wwf-^     ww-wwif   wesea .ww        j^a1*^*   ^■^i^^^'^Mwa^i*^®. ™w» v   *>e,^» w^-%*   <*##'■. *w*v*^®'»'**   ®* n^we^**    a& ii*a
and e-ois® and aaad for this fall1® vm^*
fha fax* proved vary valuable freai a trainlns standpoint.
A* effieer of the s.S.b. me made available and £§ m Mi hoy®
were Mtda ae«iuain*ed with the alaajawta ef Saandtiai Jawing oath®**,*
the hattteaa&ag of horaaa* th® uae of wagon, end driving ®f tewef
elauabifliR with aaa® ataw* tereetkiae sed neanliiiir   ate.
S® far therefor® withlns petwneat ha® seen done in witter
of repairo.   Mmy ta^paravy aA|aet»»ta war® .cmde for the
ttea being.   Yhara la *.®oiut® need of repair® in the setter of the
awwavage ayetes* aft Ara>l»ir®*   itfea ayatan a® at preaent ha® apparent
ty ban® eoaderaned mm tJuaa ago by authority and it bebaavee t®
have it readied a® Mam an aaaait&e end aef ai*a any other eoaeider*
able party ®hmU arrive.   Sea® addition should ha Mi® t® the
SMrtber of toilet pteies and tew latrine® oatatde.   ffaah has-ia®
with Upa for runnisg water ahaale ha installed and at inaat two
hatha in eaah ®f th® two twildi-ario.
»•
fha «aU alwuld 'he deepened to prsfid® a greater flew ®f
a® weaw oaejatiUraa Urto yaar th® water supply mm abaft<
ifkm reafa of all the auibtfciiga need attention and aleo the wall®
af the two naia at on® aad arias building®,   thee® walla need pointing.
Mi the wooden building® *»a* painting,    in the interior® several'
fleer® have bean dnaged and aaed raftaerlng.   f'nriiiieas and
eail&n&o aaed repair and oartala aaannee in uertltiona wstst be
'pwajaifwd is sate th® piaee ©are suitable far jafwaN* parseae**
Vhaaa rtfaira aheuid be §mmmm& Jtewtadiataly to be ready■
far am in the early aprim.   l%mn are taw ef the ihiferldeana
i*e ara fIrat alaaa aar^aatara and x ahonl^ be s^^- *• «s^l®y
%hm m& etbere ®f the party on thie wark a® mm m th® harveat
1® «ver«
Xm ®r&®r to have a aaaeeeaful year In 1*>24 it i^uld be wall
that Fathor John »®milans now at aed m®?, who ia an exeelieat
Oaalla ep^sfcer and le wall tewm throagheut the Mebride® but
mm eapeeialiy in the aafat and South »i®tst in hmbeenlat
v.y-iaVtw tawt* itiawc and Oansa. ahould te «i>lov®d a® a delegaB^fe®
far the next three r»»tli® to ge t® gaetland i^d explain hew
the- Mebrideaw who ®a» out thlt year me eettled in Qeaada.
fie ha® at lay iaaiaaee vielted all the aattler® and ha® been
neat fateurably iapree®®®* fiade the settlor® very wall eatiafied
£e hiweif ®atiafie4 that the people of thoee island® ehouM 'and oefttl® in Canada,   Me la eonviaced that it would
be he their vary p»®fti advantage end will, tftrangty urge then
to ia m$ m thtaga aan be avvampd far them.
m mm m i»asihi® S wish to get wet again (1)   la atari
th® repair® at «ra«itolray Red Baar and (a)   to have accurate and
a» to date detail® a® to lamde available far eattS^amnt*
1® randy to do in the- avatar of building cottages. Ml per ay
Mmm** i0 fw yetaistor.
wwe^^®* iljir-    WWW ■ '•r'     W *W*W if      ^ ™t®W^*     ^Wi^WwpWWNf     e*®^* wHW^Mwflfl^P^,**^      «*■ 'fc'n       &*T"®0 'w*^w*ST'&®     *^®w-    ^fr^^-O^^^
aad easy tana ef paynaat and ©y people could be led to tao&ie
the* if a haaa© were provides far than to go into an arrival ia
It la-also 8nae®«ary for n® to go over t® Soeilasd thia
year far two or throe naaih® to get into touch not only with
Hifcridaane hut wtth ejaita a large nannor of praaanatiwa tea4p*«st«
fren the aelalead of Scotland.   «*er® ia no deabt that I can
obtain a anefa lm$» body of aattlara fro» the ttlgtiiaad® ef goat land
"****■■ v*   ^M*fl«wei'e®^^(   rfp ^Fm^pwr w       ^^sf    *^wf * ■'**' *wi»owT*fr-^#e®   w*^#    ^ff^wfe*'gp    w-o^#^^   e-^a^-e^o we^oaffaifiaear   *OiO®   ik*.** w v^s*®
eireunetnaeeo d®liij«ra&ely waited to eoo what «a® to happen t®
thia fear*® party before they istoved.   tmy mm- ftaow that thaaa
who earn- are better plan® if than assy af UMat bad denned peaaibi®
and that there are exoelleat epiieftwaiiiet far energetic nan-   I
have .a® doubt of the future if thia eld® oan be organised.
M roptrd to »mey which will be required it may be stated I®
1.     SH aeeeeeary that th© #4000 ®dd, unferaeen expenditure on
imtnienaae® be reetored to repair work and expended on all
®arp«t®r warh* en the repair ef reofe 'and pointing and
painting of building® at Ard>4feSra.   ft* sowerisg® eyeiest and
inter euppty oba-uM bo undertafcw by aantraot and paid for
eeparalaty*   If tfeie is tahan up separately the »j|o0 great
ohould am?flaw far all other rapaira*
I.,    man® ehould be taken for the proper and aanilauouo ngdntfnaaee
and repair .of th© whole plant,   hfctild&nge and ground®, engine
wan, etc.   tt&a weald faejnira wage® of #|0 per iseaib or
iaOO per year.
$.     i'Satrom wet be leant in m^t that ear® be taHaa of all
tha interior fwnUhiiioi of h»»eb«®f*tei and pvaear discipline
of dowitories, ete.   Moo ia ®r$&v that girlo who can® for
purpose® of e*aaatta eorvie® nay bo safeguarded end eared
for until they are placed.   A aonaldorahU aiafeer of anida
ao provided for during thia y®ar.   Thia would require
|$Q per math or leOO a
la regard to th® ejapenditura of tha 14000 for esalateaaaee ef
Hebrldeana, thia was unforaaen and ia hat Uhaty to mm? again. 4.
It would be inpoeelbta §a Oolleet any of It fraa the
aetttera ao it ia not mean haw much each indiviiuM.
P.S.
X® of a&aAejNBt of .account of aapanditnra on Itohrideane
I did net inolude what satfM to b© paid to the Sector who
than for the firot month,    I had hoped that the Mod mm would
.have paid thia but they refuted.   M would, be utterly Impossible
for thawa oottier® *h® wort aJbnaat p«neii®« to pay the uouol
radical sad auraim: foao of tlile @®wb&tv*    fh@¥ eiignlv would aai
have alloyed than aad several dnatfea would have haen the raanlt* Aj/&yy&^' <y?<&yyZ<-£^v
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'   I
V FOR THE CAUSE OF CATHOLIC CANADA
Our Lady, our Queen, our Mother,
in the Name of Jesus and for the
love of Jesus, take our Cause in thy
hands and grant it good success.
Feast of St. Elizabeth
July 8th. 1935
Imprimatur
W James C. McGuigan,
Archbishop of Toronto Telegraphic Address :
" OVESEASETT,   ESTRAND,   LONDON."
Communications    on    thia    subject
should be addressed to—
THE SECRETARY,
and the following reference
quoted :—
15087/1924.
OVERSEA SETTLEMENT OFFICE,
3-4, CLEMENT'S INN,
LONDON, W.C.2.
H"&K1«
.19.
Dear   Sir,
The Bev.
Red Deer
Alberta.
I am directed by the Oversea Settlement
Committee to inform you that they have had under
consideration a report by the British Oversea Settlement
Delegation to Canada, 1924, upon a visit made by a
member of the Delegation to the Settlement of Hebridean
families at Red Deer, Alberta, under the auspices
of the Scottish Immigrant Aid Association.
My Committee have been most interested to read
of the developments which have taken place in connection
with this settlement and they trust that the progress
made will be maintained.
There are two points mentioned in the Delegation's
report to which my Committee desire to draw your attention.
1. It is stated that in the design of the cottages
which are being erected under the Agreement between my
Committee and the Dominion Government, for the housing
of the families brought out to Alberta from the Hebrides,
a fly-proof door is not invariably included.  This results,
apparently, in the presence of a large number of flies
inside the cottages, and it is suggested that a fly-proof
door should be a permanent feature of the cottages in future
2. It appears that on the occasion of the Delegates'
visit to Red Deer, there was 23 children at the Settlement,
who were likely to remain there for some time.  There are,
however, no facilities for the education of these children.
It is understood that the nearest school is four miles away,
and that there is difficulty in providing for the transport
Father A. MacDonell of/ of the children to that School.
My Committee regard it as very desirable that
effective arrangements should be made for the education
of the children in question, and they suggest for your
consideration that if there are objections to approaching
the Government with a view to the provision of a State School
action should be taken to provide means of conveying the
children to and from the nearest existing school. DEPARTMENT OF
MMIGRATION AND COLONIZATION
THE IMMIGRATION ACT
AND REGULATIONS
Issued by the Minister of Immigration and Colonization
Ottawa. Canada
September, 1924 "Phone Gourock 168
J. C. W. GALLAUCHER,
Passenger   Agent
(By Authority of H. M. Board of Trade).
All Parts of the World
4 Kempock,
Pierhead,
Gourock. h&t ***LfL/ >€k At^azc /**°
<^ *+a*, j**u ***«' ***y'
#&/>£#* 4K*jc4v*UC*~yj **~y
& yyc^tAnA^u^Y.
cAycaX^ f>u**>4™y*y^e *~Ai~*
g+t~AL * &u*y**+jy£ ^<y
if LLi\-<+*7m**y **&ay <*-*
4uv»U~r */ €tJ&A*J»2Z%
&{£«*.  0C0 f*yuj <*a*v+<*
/*       m. a*. !om~.J- m*A^ DEPARTMENT OF
IMMIGRATION AND COLONIZATION
THE IMMIGRATION ACT
AND REGULATIONS
Issued by the Minister of Immigration and Colonization
Ottawa, Canada
September, 1924
' 1
! , gl
PREFATORY NOTE
This Consolidation of the Immigration Act and Amending Acts is issued
in order that Immigration officers, magistrates, clerks of municipalities and the
public generally may be informed of the Provisions of the Immigration Act and
Regulations.   The Orders in Council and Rules are printed in the back of this
pamphlet.
OTTAWA
-_. „ F- A. ACLAND
PRINTER TO THE KHMJ'g  MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY
1924 INDEX
Administrative fines, Sees. 48 and 52.
" Alien " defined, Sec. 2, par. (e).
Act, Immigration, what it includes, Sec. 2, par. (u).
Actors, Sec. 2, par. (g) (vi).
" Adult" defined, Sec. 59, s.s. 2.
Appointment of officers, Sees. 5 to 9.
Appeal, Sees. 18 to 21.
Assistance, temporary, in emergency, Sec. 7.
Beggars, Sec. 3, par. (g).
Bills of health, Sec. 26.
Boards of Inquiry, Sees. 13 to 22.
Boarding houses, Sec. 71 and P.C. 919.
" Canadian Citizen " defined, Sec. 2, par. (/V^ ,
Charity aided immigrants, Sec. 3, par. (h).
Chinese, Sec. 79.
Commissioners of Immigration, how appointed, Sec. 5.
Constables, duties of under the Act, Sec. 11.
Continuous journey, Sec. 38, par. (a), and P.C. 23.
Contract with passenger, breach of, Sec. 56.
Convictions not to be quashed, Sec. 77.
Courts, jurisdiction of restricted, Sec. 23.
Crew, not to be discharged without examination, Sec. 52, s.s. 2.
Criminals, Sec. 3, par. (d), Sees. 40 and 43.
Customs officers, immigration officers, ex-offipio, Sec. 8.
Deceased passengers, property of, Sec. 49, s.s. 3.
Defectives, mental and physical, Sec. 3.
Definitions, Sec. 2. jjg, H
Deportation—
Definition of, Sec. 2, par. (r).
Order for, Sec. 33, s.s. 5.
Causes for, Sees. 3, 33, s.s. 7, 8 and 10; Sees. 37, 38, 40, 41, 42.
Warrant to detain, Sees. 11 and 43.
Deserters, Sec. 52.
Detention building, Sec. 31 and P.C. 269.
Diplomatic and consular officers, Sec. 2, par. (g) (ii).
Diseased persons, Sec. 3, par. (b).
Treatment of, Sees. 34 and 52.
" Domicile " defined, Sec. 2, par. (d).
Domicile, how acquired, Sec. 2, par. (d)  (i).
Domicile, how lost, Sec. 2, par. (d)  (ii).
Eluding examination, Sec. 33, s.s. 7.
Employees, temporary, in emergency, Sec. 7. ,
Employment agencies, Sec. 66.
83739—li 3 /■
Examination of passengers, Sec. 33.
Expenses of administration, Sec. 80.
False reports, publication of, Sec. 55.
" Family " defined, Sec. 2, par. (h).
Family, head of, Sec. 2, par. (i).
Female immigrants, intercourse of crew with, prohibited, Sec. 57.
Fines, Sec. 33, s.s. 7 to 10; Sees. 42 (s.s. 4), 44, 46, 48 to 59.
Foreign laws, Sec. 56.
Forms, Sec. 73, and pages 34 to 44.
Free landing of passengers and luggage, Sec. 61.
" Head of family," deportation of, Sec. 42, s.s. 5.
Health, surgeon's certificate of, Sec. 49, s.s. 1.
" Immigrant" defined, Sec. 2, par. (g).
Immigrant station, Sec. 2, par. (s).
Immigration Act, what it includes, Sec. 2, par. (u).
Immigration Rules—
1. Primary Inspection, page 50.
2. Manifests, page 50.
3. Evidence, page 51.
4. Appeals, page 52.
5. Literacy test, page 53.
6. Passports, page 54.
7. Canadian-bound passengers arriving at U.S. ports, page 54.
8. Passengers in transit—non-immigrants, page 55.
9. Administrative fines, page 56.
10. Rejections and Deportations, page 57.
11. Arrests, page 58.
12. Hospital treatment, page 58.
13. Administrative Districts, page 59.
Interference with officers, Sec. 33, s.s. 8.
Intoxicating liquors, sale of to steerage passengers, Sec. 59, s.s. 3.
"Land," "landed," "landing," Sec. 2, par. (p).
Land, passengers by, Sees. 30 to 32.
Land, permission to, Sec. 33.
Landing places, Sees. 25, 31 and 61.
Landing of passengers, Sec. 33.
Liability of companies carrying passengers, Sec. 44.
Manifests, provisions regarding, Sees. 49 and 52.
" Master," Sec. 2, par. (m).
Medical treatment, Sec. 3, par. (b), Sees. 34 and 52.
Mentally defectives, Sees. 3 and 52.
Misrepresentation, entry by, Sec. 33, s.s. 7.
Monetary requirements, Sec. 37, P.C. 182.
" Non-immigrant classes " defined, Sec. 2, par. (g).
Notices, Sec. 73.
" Officer" defined, Sec. 2, par. (b). " Officer in charge " defined, Sec. 2, par. (c).
Officers, duties and powers of, Sees. 9 to 12.
Offices in and out of Canada, Sec. 6.
Orders in Council—
Money qualifications, P.C. 182.
Passports, P.C. 185.
" Continuous journey," P.C. 23.
Immigration buildings, P.C. 269.
Boarding house, P.C. 919.
Occupation test, P.C. 183.
Doukhobors, P.C. 1204.
Labour exclusion, P.C. 1202.
Unaccompanied Women, P.C. 115.
Fees for permits, P.C. 1493.
Order to leave Canada, Sec. 42, s.s. 3.
" Owner " defined, Sec. 2, par. (n).
" Passenger " defined, Sec. 2, par. (;").
Penalty, general, Sec. 78.
Permit, holders of, Sec. 4.
Pilots, obligations of, Sec. 54.
Pimps, Sees. 3 and 40.
Police, duties of under this Act, Sec. 11.
Police, right of to enter immigrant stations, Sec. 12.
Port of entry, Sec. 2, par. (o).
Prisoners, Sec. 43.
Procurers, Sec. 3, par. (/) and Sec. 40.
Professional classes, Sec. 2, par. (g)  (vi).
Prohibited classes, Sec. 3.
Penalty for assisting to land or enter, Sec. 33, s.s. 8.
Prosecutions, Sees. 76 to 78.
Prostitutes, Sec. 3, par. (b) and Sec. 40.
"Rejected," Sec. 2, par. (q).
Rejected or deported immigrant re-entering, Sec. 42, s.s. 4.
Regulations, general, Sec. 81.
Release under bond, Sec. 33, s.s. 11 to 13.
Responsibility of companies with regard to rejected immigrants, Sec. 33, s.s. (5),
and Sees. 44 to 52.
Right to remain on board, Sec. 60.
Rules, Sec. 73 and pages 50 to 59.
" Runners," immigrant, Sec. 67.
Shelter for immigrants, Sec. 63.
Ship, Sec. 2, par. (I).
Short title, Sec. 1.
Sick, admission of, for treatment, Sees. 3, 34 and 52.
Stealth, entry by, Sec. 33, s.s. 7.
Stowaways, Sec. 2, par. (k) and Sec. 49. 1
6
Students, Sec. 2, par. (g) (v).
Temporary assistance may be emplqjgdj Sec, 7,
Tourists, Sec. 2, par. (g) (iv). Z|P
Trains, detention of, Sec. 31.
"Transportation Company" defined, Sec. 2£par. '(Ify.^
Uniforms, Sees. 74 and 75.
Vagrants, Sec. 3, par. (g). ,££
Vessels, obligations of masters of, Sees. 44 to^4 and 76.
-Mi	
-
AiiU bat
An Act respecting Immigration
9-10 Edward VII, Chap. 27.
[Assented to 4th May>!1910.]
and
An Act to amend the Act respecting Immigration
1-2 Geo. V, Chap. 12.
[Assented to 4th April, 1911.]
and
An Act to amend the Act respecting Immigration
5 Geo. V, Chap. 2.
[Assented to 22nd August, 1914-]
and
An Act to amend the Act respecting Immigration
9-10 Geo. V,,£!hap. 25. jjP 1
[Assented to 6th June, 1919.]
and
An Act to amend the Immigration Act
9-10 Geo. V, Chap. 26.
[Assented to 6th June, 1919.]
and
An Act to amend the Immigration Act
10 Geo. V, Chap. 19.
[Assented to 10th November, 1919.]
and
An Act to amend the Immigration Act
11-12 Geo. V, Chap. 32.
[Assented to 4th June, 1921.]
and
An Act to amend the Immigration Act
13-14 Geo. V, Chap. 51.
[Assented to 80th June, 1923.]
and
An Act to amend the Immigration Act
,14-15 Geo. V, Chap. 45.
[Assented to 19th July, 1924.]
•"nb (Consolidated)
7
—• ffT-    ■ rrr,- -■ ■ - ■  - Short title.
Definitions.
"Minister.'1
"Deputy
Minister."
"Officer."
"Officer in
charge."
"Domicile."
Canadian
domicile, how
acquired.
Certain time
not counted
for Canadian
domicile.
Classes who
cannot acquire
domicile.
Conditions
under which
Canadian
domicile
may be lost.
8
His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate
and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:—
SHORT TITLE
1. This Act may be cited as The Immigration Act.
INTERPRETATION
2. In this Act, and in all orders in council, proclamations and
regulations made thereunder, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) " Minister means the Minister of Immigration and Colonization and " Deputy Minister" means the Deputy Minister of
Immigration and Colonization;
(b) " officer " means any person appointed under this Act, for
any of the purposes of fJhis Act, and any officer of customs; and
includes the Deputy Minister, immigration commissioners and
inspectors and every person recognized by the Minister as an immigration agent or officer with reference to anything done or to be done
under this Act, whether within or outside of Canada, and whether
with or without formal appointment;
(c) " immigration officer in charge" or " officer in charge"
means the immigration officer, or medical officer, or other person in
immediate charge or control at a port of entry for the purposes of
this Act;
(d) " domicile" means the place in which a person has his
home, or in which he resides, or to which he returns as his place of
permanent abode, and does not mean the place where he resides for
a mere special or temporary purpose;
(i) Canadian domicile can only be acquired, for the purposes
of this Act, by a person having his domicile for at least five
years in Canada after having been landed therein within the
meaning of this Act;
Provided that the time spent by a person while confined in or
an inmate of any penitentiary, gaol, reformatory, prison or
asylum for the insane in Canada shall not be counted in the
period of residence in Canada which is necessary in order to
acquire Canadian domicile; provided further that when an
order is issued for the deportation of any person and an appeal
.therefrom has not been allowed by the Minister, or a permit
to remain in Canada is issued by the Minister in the case of a
person who has been previously landed and ordered deported,
the time spent in Canada while such order of deportation or
permit is in force shall not be counted in the period of residence
which is necessary to acquire Canadian domicile; and provided further,that no person who belongs to the prohibited
or undesirable classes within the meaning of section forty-one
of this Act shall be capable of acquiring Canadian domicile.
(ii) Canadian domicile is lost, for the purposes of this Act, by
a person voluntarily residing out of Canada not for a mere
special or temporary purpose but wilh the present intention
of making his permanent home out of Canada, or by any person belonging to the prohibited or undesirable classes within
the meaning of section 41 of this Act;
	
^^^k/^l^__^^^_^AlMi^J^m 9
#e»r (iii) Notwithstanding anything contained in the preceding subparagraph (ii), when any citizen of Canada who is a British
subject by naturalization, or any British subject not born in
• Canada having Canadian domieile, shall have resided for one
year outside of Canada, he shall be presumed to have lost
Canadian domicile and shall cease to be a Canadian citizen
for the purposes of this Act, and his usual place of residence
shall be deemed to be his place of domicile during said year;
Provided, however, that such presumption may be rebutted by Domicile
production of the certificate of any British diplomatic or con- ^incite by
sular officer, in such form as may be prescribed by the Minis- of intention
v^er$ that such person appeared before him before the expira- *° *■»■»«»
tion of said period of one year and satisfied such officer of his fo™££?
reasonable intention to retain his Canadian domicile. In the
case of a person who is a naturalized British subject, such
certificate shall be endorsed upon the certificate of naturalization of such person. The effect of such certificate shall be
to extend said period for a further term of one. year, and it
may be further extended from year to year in the same man-
i ner so long as the officer giving the certificate is satisfied of
the bona fides of the application for extension in each case,
provided that the total period for whieh extension may be
granted shall not exceed five years...
(e) " alien " means a person who is not a British subject?'        "Alien."
(/) " Canadian citizen " means—
(i) a person born in Canada who has not become an alien;      "Canadian
• citizen."
(ii) a British subject who has Canadian domicile; or,
': (Hi) a person naturalized under the laws of Canada who has
not Subsequently become an alien or lost Canadian domicile;
Provided that for the purpose of this Act a woman who has not Pn>viso.
been landed in Canada shall not be held to have acquired
Canadian citizenship by virtue of her husband being a Canadian citizen; neither shall a child who has not been landed in
Canada be held to have acquired Canadian citizenship
through its father or mother being a Canadian citizen;
(g) " immigrant" means a person who enters Canada with the "immigrant^
intention of acquiring Canadian domicile, and for the purposes of
this Act every person entering Canada shall be presumed to be an j^Znt
immigrant unless belonging to one of the following classes of per- classes."
sons, hereinafter called "non-immigrant classes";—
(i) Cariadian citizens; and persons who have Canadian domi-9*?adian
-   ■     m i -1*, citizens*
die, Domiciled
residents.
(ii) Diplomatic and consular officers, and all accredited repre- Diplomatic
sentatives and officials of British or foreign governments, their rePreaentatlVB-
suites, families and guests, coming to Canada to reside or to
discharge any official duty or to pass through in transit;
(iii) Officers and' men, with their wives and families, belonging Military,
to or connected with His Majesty's regular naval and military forces; 9 Tourists.
(iv) Tourists and travellers merely passing through Canada to
another country;
83739—2 10
Students.
Professional.
Holders of
permit
to enter
Canada.
Prdviso.
"Family."
"Head of
family."
"Passenger.'
Proviso.
"Stowaway."
"Ship."
"Master.'
"Owner."
(v) Students entering Canada for the purpose of attendance,
and while to- actual attendance, at any university or college
authorized by stattflie or charter to confer degrees; or at any
high school *or 'collegiate institute recognized as such for the
purpose of this Act by the Minister;
(vi) Members of dramatic, Afrtistic, athletic or spectacular
organizations entering Canada temporarily for the purpose of
giving public performances or exhibitions of an entertaining
or instructive nature and actors, artists, lecturers, priests and
ministers of religion, authors, lawyers, physicians, professors
of colleges, accredited representatives of international trade
unions and commercial travellers entering Canada for the
temporary exercise of their respective callings;
(vii) Holders of a permit to enter Canada, in force for the time
being, in form A of schedule one to this Act; signed by the
Minister or by some person duly authorized: Provided that
whenever in the opinion of the Minister or Deputy Minister
or Board of Inquiry or officer acting as such, any person has
been improperly included in any of the non-immigrant classes,
or has ceased to belong to any of such classes,' such person
shall thereupon be considered an immigrant within the meaning of this Act and subject to all the provisions of this Act
respecting immigrants seeking to enter Canada;
(h) " family " includes father and mother, and children under
eighteen years of age;
(i) " head of family " means the father, mother, son, daughter,
i brother or sister upon whom the other members of the family are
mainly dependent fori support;
(j) " passenger" means a person lawfully on board any ship,
vessel, railway train, vehicle or other contrivance for travel, or
transport, and also includes any person riding, walking or otherwise
travelling across any international bridge or highway; but shall not
be held to include the master or other person in control or command
of such vessel, shift, railway train, vehicle, bridge, highway or other
contrivance for travel or transport, or any member of the crew or
staff thereof; or military or naval forces and their families who are
carried at the expense of the Government of the United Kingdom, or
the Government of any British Dominionror Colony: Provided that
any member of the crew of a ship or of the staff of a railway train
or other contrivance for travel or transport who deserts nr^ discharged in Canada from his ship.or railway train or other contrivance for travel or transport shall thereupon be considered a passenger wjthin the meaning of this Act;
(fc) " stowaway " means a person who goes to sea secteted in a
ship without the consent of the master or other person in charge of
the ship, or of a person entitled to give such consent; or a person who
travels on any railway train or other vehicle without the consent of
the conductor or other person authorized to give such consent;
(I) "ship" or "vessel" includes every boat and craft of any
kind whatsoever for travel or transport other -fchan by landf.-'!
(m) "master" means any person in command of a ship or
vessel;
A(u) " owner " as appliedi'to a ship or vessel includes the charterers of such ship or vessel and the agent of the owner or charterer
thereof; 11
(o) "port of entry" means any port, railway station or place "Portal
in Canada designated by the Minister for the inspection of hnmi-611^
grants, passengers or other persons;
(p) " land," " landed " or "landing," as applied to passengers "Landed."
or immigrants, means their lawful admission into Canada by an
officer.under this Act, otherwise than for inspection or treatment or
other temporary purpose provided for by this Act;
(q) " rejected," as applied to an immigrant or other person "Rejected."
seeking to enter or land in Canada, means that such immigrant or
other person has been examined by a Board of Inquiry or officer
acting as such and has been refused permission to land in Canada;
(r) " deportation " means the removal under authority of this "Deportation."
Act of any rejected immigrant or other person, or of any immigrant
or other person who has already been landed in Canada, or who has
entered or who remains in Canada contrary to any provision of this
Act, from any place in Canada at which such immigrant or other
person is rejected or detained to the place whence he came to Canada, or to the country of his birth or citizenship;
(s) "immigrant station" means any place designated by the "immigrant
Minister for the examination, inspection, treatment or detention ofsta Ion'
immigrants, pasengers, or other persons for any purpose under this
Act;
(t)     transportation company " means and includes the Dominion "Transporta-
Government, any Provincial Government, any municipality, any cor-tion «°mpa»y."
porate body or organized firm or person carrying or providing for the
transit of passengers, whether by ship, railway, bridge, highway, or
otherwise, and any two or more such transportation companies cooperating in the business of carrying passengers;
(u) " Immigration Act" or " Act" shall be held to include all "■*<*•"
orders in council, proclamations, and regulations made hereunder.
PROHIBITED GLASSES
JMi 3. No immigrant^ passenger or other person unless he is a Prohibited
Canadian citizen, or has Canadian domicile, shall be permitted to?1*188?80'
enter or land in Canada, or in case of having landed in or entered m
Canada shall be permitted to remain therein, who belongs to any
of the following classes, hereinafter called "prohibited classes":—
(a) Idiots, imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, epileptics, insane £^j°
persons and persons who have been insane at any time previously; defective.
(b) Persons afflicted with tuberculosis in any form or with anyDiseas*d ;
loathsome disease, or with a disease which is contagious or infectious,'or which may become dangerous to the public health, whether
such persons intend to settle in Canada or only to pass through
Canada in transit;to some other country: Provided that if such dis-Proviso,
ease is one which is curable within a reasonably short time, such
persons may, subject to the regulations,-in that behalf, if any, be
permitted to remain on board ship if hospital facilities do not exist
on shore, or to leave ship for medical treatment; •'->--
(c) Immigrants who are dumb, blind, or otherwise physically Persons
defective, unless in the opinion of a Board of Inquiry or officer act- ^^^
ing as such they have sufficient money, or have such profession,
occupation, trade, employment or other legitimate mode of earning
a living that they are not liable to beqome a public charge or valess.
83739—2J Criminals.
Prostitutes
and pimps.
Procurers.
Beggars and
vagrants.
Charity
immigrants.
Persons not
complying
with
regulations.
Public
Psychopathic
inferiority.
Chronic
alcoholism.
Mentally or
physically
defective.
Advocates
of force or
violence
against
organized
government.
Members of
societies
opposed to
organized
government,
or advocates
of unlawful
assault or
killing.
Spies.
12
they belong to a family accompanying them or already in Canada
and which gives security satisfactory to the Minister against such
immigrants becoming a public charge j
(d) Persons who have been convicted of, or admit having committed, any crime involving moral turpitude;
(e) Prostitutes and women and girls coming to Canada for any
immoral purpose and pimps or persons living on the avails of prostitution ;
(/) Persons who procure or attempt to bring into Canada pros-'
titutes or women or girls for the purpose of prostitution or other
immoral purpose;
(g) Professional beggars or vagrants;
(h) Immigrants to whom money has been given or loaned by
any charitable organization for the purpose of enabling them to
qualify for landing in Canada under this Act, or whose passage to
Canada has been paid wholly or in part by any charitable organization, or out of public moneys, unless it is shown that the authority
in writing of the Deputy Minister, or in case of persons coming from
Europe, the authority in writing of the assistant Superintendent of
Immigration for Canada, in London, has been obtained for the landing in Canada of such persons, and that such authority has been
acted upon within a period of sixty days thereafter;
(i) Persons who do not fulfil, meet or comply with the conditions and requirements of any regulations which for the time being
are in force and applicable to such persons under sections 37 or 38
of this Act;
(;') Persons who in the opinion of the Board of Inquiry or the
officer in charge at any port of entry are likely to become a public
charge;
(k) Persons of constitutional psychopathic inferiority;
(I) Persons with chronic alcoholism;
(m) Persons not included within any of the foregoing prohibited
classes, who upon examination by a medical officer are certified as
being mentally or physically defective to such a degree as to affect
their ability to earn a living;
(n) Persons who believe in or advocate the overthrow by force
or violence of the Government of Canada or of constituted law and
authority, or who disbelieve in or are opposed to organized government, or who advocate the assassination of public officials, or who
advocate or teach the unlawful destruction of property;
(o) Persons who are members of or affiliated with any organization entertaining or teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government, or advocating or teaching the duty, necessity, or
propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer m
officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the
Government of Canada or of any other organized government,
because of his or their official character, or advocating or teaching
the unlawful destruction of property;
(Paragraph (p) of section 3, as enacted by Chapter 25, 9-10 Geo.
V, was repealed by Chapter 51, 13-14 Geo. V.)
(q) Persons guilty of espionage with respect to His Majesty
or any of His Majesty's allies; 13
(r) Persons who have been found guilty of high treason or conspiimton.
treason for an offence in connection with the war, or of conspiring
against His Majesty, or of assisting His Majesty's enemies during
the war, or of any similar offence against any of His Majesty's
allies;
(s) Persons who at any time within a period of ten years from Deported
the first day of August, one thousand nine hundred and fourteen, «m»Pirators-
were or may be deported from any part of His Majesty's dominions
or from any allied country on account of treason or of conspiring
against His Majesty, or of any similar offence in connection with
the war against any of the allies of His Majesty; •
(t) On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hun- nuterates.
dred and nineteen, in addition to the foregoing " prohibited classes,"
the following persons shall also be prohibited from entering or landing in Canada:—Persons over fifteen years of age, physically capable
of reading, who cannot read the English or the French language or
some other language or dialect: Provided that any admissible person or any person heretofore or hereafter legally admitted, or any
citizen of Canada, may bring in or send for his father or grandfather, over fifty-five years of age, his wife, his mother, his grandmother or his unmarried or widowed daughter, if otherwise admis-
sible, whether such relative can read or not and such relative shall
be permitted to enter. For the purpose of ascertaining whether aliens
can read, the immigration officer shall use slips of uniform size prepared by direction of the Minister, each containing not less than
thirty and not more than forty words in ordinary use printed in
plainly legible type in the language or dialect the person may desig- Test of
nate as the one in which he desires the examination to be made, and auteracy-
he shall be required to read the words printed on the slip in such
language or dialect. The provisions of this paragraph shall not
apply to Canadian citizens and persons who have Canadian domicile,
to persons in transit through Canada, or to such persons or classes
of persons as may from time to time be approved by the Minister.
(u) Members of a family (including children over as well as Members
under 18 years of age) accompanying a person who has been rejected,of famUy
unless in the opinion of the Board of Inquiry no hardship would be ing rejected
involved by separation of the family. person.
Exception.
4. (1) The Minister may issue a written permit authorizing Permit
any person to enter Canada, or having entered or landed in Canada ^^a,,,.
to remain therein without being subject to the provisions of this Act. to remain
Such permit shall be in the form A of the schedule to this Act, andtherein-
shall be expressed to be in force for a specified period only, but it
may at any time be extended or cancelled by the Minister in writing.
Such extension or cancellation shall be in the form AA of the schedule
to this Act.
(2) A return of all such permits with particulars and names Returns to
therefor, issued during the year, shall be made by the Minister to Parliament.
Parliament within thirty days of its meeting.
APPOINTMENT, POWERS AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS
5. Commissioners of Immigration and such other officers, with Appointment
such designations or titles as are deemed necessary, may be appointed of officera-
for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
M~ 14
Immigration
offices.
Assistance
incases of
emergency.
Immigration
agent
ex-officio.
Duties of
officers.
Authority
as special
.constable.
Oaths and
evidence.
Duties of
police to
execute,
orders of
Minister.
Right of
local police-
to enter
immigrant
stations.
6. The Minister' may establish and maintain immigration
offices and agencies at such places within and outside of Canada as
from time to time he deems proper.
7. Subject to any regulation in that behalf, all officers appointed
or having authority under this. Act may, in emergency, employ such
temporary assistance as is required for carrying out any duty
devolving upon them under this Act, but no such employment shall
continue for a period of more than forty-eight hours without the
sanction of the Minister.
8. When at a port of entry there is no immigration officer
available for duty under this Act, the chief customs officer at that
port or any subordinate customs officer designated by him shall be,
ex-officio, an immigration officer.
9. Every officer appointed under this Act shall perform all
duties prescribed for him by this Act, or by any order in council,
proclamation or regulation made thereunder, and shall also perform
such duties as are required of him by the Minister, either directly
or through any other officer; and no action taken by any such officer
under or for any purpose of this Act shall be deemed to be invalid
or unauthorized merely because it was not taken by the officer
specially appointed or detailed for the purpose.
10. Every officer appointed under this Act shall have the
authority and power of a special constable to enforce any of the
provisions of this Act relating to the arrest, detention or deportation
of immigrants, aliens or other persons.
2. Every immigration officer shall have authority to administer
oaths and take evidence under oath or by affirmation in all matters
arising under this Act.
11. All constables and other peace officers in Canada, whether
appointed under Dominion, provincial, or municipal authority, shall,
when so directed by the Minister or by any officer under this Act,
receive and execute according to the tenor thereof any written order
of the Minister, "or of the Minister of Justice, or of a Board of
Inquiry or officer acting as such, and any warrant of the Deputy
Minister for the arrest, detention or deportation of any immigrant,
alien or other person in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
12. For the preservation of the peace, and in order that arrests
may be made for offences against the laws of Canada, or of any province or municipality thereof, wherein the various immigrant stations are located, the officers in charge of such immigrant stations,
as occasion may require, shall admit therein any constables or other
peace officers charged with the enforcement of such laws; and for
the purposes of this section the authority .'of such officers and the
jurisdiction of the local courts shall extend over such immigrant
stations.
Board of
Inquiry.
APPOINTMENT, POWERS AND PROCEDURE OF BOARDS OF INQUIRY
13. The Minister may nominate at any port of entry* any
number of officers to act as Boards of Inquiry and any three officers
so nominated shall constitute a Board of Inquiry.
■    '   fi —
	 16
1/4. A Board   of Inquiry shall have authority to determineAuthoritr of
whether an immigrant, passenger or other person seeking to enter b0™,,*■
or land in Canada or* detained for any cause under this Act, shall be
allowed to enter, land, or remain in Canada or shall be rejected and
deported.
15. The hearing of all cases brought before a Board of Inquiry Hearing of
shall be separate and apart from the public, but in the presence of case, by
the iimmigrant, passenger or other person concerned whenever prac- Boerd'
ticable, and such immigrant, passenger or other person shall have the
right to be represented by counsel whenever any evidence or testimony touching the case is received by the Board, and a summary
record of proceedings and of evidence and testimony taken shall be
kept by the Board.
2. The Board, and any member thereof, may, at discretion Taking of
administer oaths and take evidence under oath or by affirmation in evidence.
any form which they deem binding upon the person being examined.
16. In all such cases, a Board of Inquiry may at the hearing, au evidence
receive and base its decision upon any evidence, considered credible *°be received.
or trustworthy by such Board in the circumstances of each case; and
in all cases where the question of the right to enter or land in Canada under this Act is raised the burden of proof shall rest upon the
immigrant,- passenger or other person claiming such right.
17. The Board of Inquiry shall appoint its own chairman andr>ed«ionof
secretary to keep the record of its proceedings, and in all cases and nrey'a^'yW
questions before it the decision, which decision shall be in writing,
of a majority of the Board shall prevail.
18. There shall be no appeal from the decision of such Board cases where
of Inquiry as to the rejection and deportation of immigrants, pas- n° "^-
sengers or other persons seeking to land in Canada, when such deci- footboard,
sion is based upon a certificate of the examining medical officer to
the effect that such immigrants, passengers or other persons are
afflicted with any loathsome disease, or with a disease which may
become dangerous to the public health, or that they come within any
of the following prohibited classes, namelyj idiots, imbeciles, feebleminded persons, epileptics and insane persons: Provided always thatProvisoM*<>
Canadian citizens and persons who have Canadian domicile shall be c^ena"1
permitted to land in Canada as a matter of right.
19. In   all   cases   other   than   provided   for   in   the   next cases where
preceding section an appeal may be taken to the Minister against '{JJ^JjJ,
the decision of any such Board of Inquiry or officer in charge by the fromBoard.
immigrant," passenger or other person concerned in the case, if the
appellant forthwith serves written notice of such appeal (which notice Notice
may be in form C in the schedule to this Act) upon the officer in<>*»ppeai.
charge or the officer in whose custody the appellant may be.   In case
of the appeal being dismissed by the Minister, the appellant shall "^^
forthwith be deported.
20. Notice of appeal shall act as a stay of all proceedings until stay of
"a final decision is rendered by the Minister, and within fOrty-eight Proceedines-
hours after tile filing of the said notice a summary record of the case
shall be forwarded by the immigration officer in charge to the Deputy ^£ °
Minister, accompanied by his views thereon in writing.
	
— 16
Appellant in
custody
pending
decision of
Minister.
When powers
of board to .
be exercise^
by officer in
charge.
Officer to
exercise
powers of
Board.
Jurisdiction   -
of courts
in cases of
rejection and
deportation
restricted.
Further
regulations
governing
boards.
"^1. Pending the-decision of the Minister, the appellant and
those dependent upon "Mm-.shall be kept in custody.at anrimmigrant
station, unless released under bond as provided for in section 33 of
ibis Act.
22. When there is no Board of Inquiry at a port of entry, then
the office* -iar charge shall exercise the powers and discharge the
duties of a Board of Inquiry and shall follow as nearly as may be
the procedure of'such Board as regards hearing and appeal and all
other matters over which it has jurisdiction.
;(2) The Minister may authorize any immigration officer to
exercise the powers and discharge the duties of a Board of Inquiry
and such officer so authorized may exercise such powers, and discharge such duties at any place in Canada other than a port of entry.
23. No court, and no judge or officer thereof, shall have jurisdiction to review, quash, reverse, restrain or otherwise interfere with
any proceeding, decision or order of the Minister or of any Board
0§f" Inquiry, or officer ip charge, had, made or given under the authority and in accordance with the provisions of this Act relating to the
detention or deportation of any rejected immigrant, passenger or
other person, upon any ground whatsoever, unless such person is a
Canadian citizen or has Canadian domicile.
24. The Governor in Council may make such further regulations governing the procedure of Boards of Inquiry and appeal therefrom as are deemed necessary. ><fMK
Passengers
to be landed
only at
places
designated
by officer
in charge.
Penalty.
Bill of health.
Officer may
go on board
ship.
Inspection of
Immi grants.
SPECIAL PROVISION. AS TO PASSENGERS BY VESSEL
25V'Jt* shall be the duty of every transportation company
bringing passengers or other persons to Canada by vessel to prevent
such passengers or other persons ,-ieaving such vessel in Canada at
eny time or place other than as designated by the immigration officer
iwc.charge, and the failure of any such company to comply with such
duty shall be an offence against this Act and shall be punished by a
fine of not more than five hundred dollars and not less than twenty
dollars, in respect of each such passenger or person, and every pas?
senger or other person so landed may be arrested and detained for
examination as contemplated under section 33 of this Act.
26. The master shall furnish to the immigration officer in
charge at the port of entry a bill of health, certified by the medical
officer of the vessel, such bill of health being in the form approved
by the Minister and containing such information as is required from
time to time under this Act.
27. Before any passengers are permitted to leave a vessel in
Canada the immigration officer in charge, or any officer directed by
him, may go on board and inspect such vessel and examine and take
extracts from the manifest of passengers, and from the bill of health.
2. The Governor in Council may make regulations for the
inspection of immigrants in the country of their domicile or origin,
or at any port of call en route or on board ship, but any such inspection shall not relieve any transportation company, owner, agent,
consignee or master of a vessel of any of the obligations, fines, or
penalties imposed by this Act.
: 1
— n
28. Medical officer's shall make a physical and mental examin- *•**■»*
_ i.»         e      11  • _. „       i . E* * - examination
ation of all immigrants, passengers, officers, members of crews orofp(1Mm,Bj
other persons seeking to enter or land in Canada from any ship or
vessel, except in the case of Canadian citizens and persons who have
Canadian domicile.   Such examination shall be made in accordance
with and subject to regulations prescribed by the Minister.
29. The immigration officer in charge, after satisfying himself Whcn
that the requirements of this Act, and of any order in council, proc- {oh^nd""
lamation or regulation made thereunder, have been carried out, shall passengers to
grant written permission to the master of the vessel to allow the ^Branted-
passengers to leave the vessel.
2. No vessel shall be granted clearance if the master, agent, No clearance
owner, charterer or consignee violates or refuses or neglects to com- obeyedTbut
ply with any provision of this Act; deposit my
be allowed.
Provided, however, that clearance may be granted upon deposit
with the immigration agent or officer in charge at a port of entry
of a sum of money equal to the maximum fine or penalty which may
be imposed for the violation of any of the provisions of this Act.
SPECIAL PROVISION AS TO PASSENGERS BY LAND
30. Every   transportation   company   carrying   passengers   in Uafaaay of
Canada by land shall, for the purposes of this Act, be considered as comp^ra<^n
one with any transportation company with which it co-operates or
makes or affords connection whether in Canada or not and whether
under the same management or not, and shall be liable for any
offence against this Act by any company with which it so co-operate?
or makes or affords connection.
31. Regulations made by the Governor in Council under this obligations
Act may provide that the obligations of transportation companies £f transpoar**(a
bringing immigrants and passengers into Canada by land shall be bringing
similar to those imposed by this Act on masters and owners of ves- passengers
sels bringing immigrants and passengers to Canada, including the    land'
furnishing of names and descriptions of such immigrants and passengers.
2. Such regulations may also provide that officers under this Detention .
Act shall have the power to hold and detain railway trains, cars and °
other vehicles entering Canada until examination of immigrants and
passengers has been made as required by this Act; and may provide
penalties for non-compliance with such regulations by transportation
companies, or any official or employee thereof.
3. Such regulations may also impose a duty upon transporta- obligations
tion companies to provide, equip and maintain suitable buildings ^n^m^nies
for the examination and detention of passengers for any purpose to provide
under this Act at such ports of entry or border stations as may be ^e*™*ion
designated by the Minister; and may provide penalties for noncompliance by transportation companies with such regulations: Pro- Prov«>-
vided that no transportation company shall be made liable for the
safe-keeping of any person who is in custody of an officer for any
cause under this Act, unless such person is on a vessel, railway train
or other vehicle belonging to or operated or controlled by such company.
83789—3
^— 18
Free transportation to
immigration
officers.
Regulations
for
examination
of passengers
along the
border.
4. Transportation companies shall furnish to Immigration
officers such free transportation as may be required in connection
jwith their official duties and shall also furnish free transportation
to one Immigration officer of each of the Provincial Governments,
as directed by the Minister.
32. Subject to any regulations made under the preceding section, the Deputy Minister, under the direction or with the approval
of the Minister, shall prescribe regulations for the entry, inspection
and medical examination of immigrants and passengers along the
border of Canada so as not to unnecessarily delay, impede or annoy
passengers in ordinary travel.
Landing of
passengers.
Answers to
questions.
Doubtful
cases.
Examination
in doubtful
Deportation.
Duty to
report entry.
LANDING  OF  PASSENGERS
33. Every passenger or other person seeking to enter or land
in Canada shall first appear before and make application to an immigration officer at a port of entry for permission to enter or land in
Canada and shall be detained for examination, which shall be conducted forthwith on shipboard or on train, or at some other place
designated for that purpose.
2. Every passenger or other person seeking to enter or land in
Canada shall answer truly all questions put to him by any officer
when examined under the authority of this Act, and any person not
truly answering such questions shall be guilty of an offence and
liable on conviction to a fine of not more than one hundred dollars
or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding two months or to both
fine and imprisonment, and if found not to be a Canadian citizen or
not to have Canadian domicile, such offence shall in itself be sufficient cause for deportation whenever so ordered by a Board of
Inquiry or officer in charge, subject however to such right of appeal
as he may have to the Minister.
3. Every passenger or other person so examined shall be immediately landed unless the examining officer has reason to believe that
the landing of such passenger or other person would be contrary to
any provision of this Act.
4. Every passenger or other person as to whose right to enter
or land the examining officer has any doubt shall be detained for
further examination by an officer in charge or by a Board of Inquiry,
and such examination shall forthwith be conducted separate and
apart from the public, and upon the conclusion thereof such passenger or other person shall be immediately allowed to enter, landed,
or shall be rejected and kept in custody pending his deportation.
5. An order for deportation by a Board of Inquiry or officer in
charge may be made in the form B in the schedule to this Act, and
a copy of the said order shall forthwith be delivered to such passen?-
ger or other person, and a copy of the said order shall at the same
time be served upon the master or owner of the ship or upon the
looal agent or other official of the transportation company by which
such person was brought to Canada, and such person shall thereupon be deported by such company subject to any appeal whoTch may
have been entered on his behalf under section 19 of this Act.
6. It shall be a violation of this Act for any person to enter
Canada except at a port of entry.
¥Z       —
mfe a 19
7. Any person who enters Canada except at a port of entry, orAv°^"B
.who at a port of entry eludes examination by an officer, or Board of entjy.
Inquiry, or who enters Canada by force or misrepresentation or
stealth or otherwise contrary to any provision of this Act, or who
escapes from the custody of an officer or from an immigrant station
when detained for any cause under this Act, shall be guilty of an
offence under this Act, and liable on conviction to a fine of not more
than two hundred dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding three months or to both fine and imprisonment; and any person
suspected of an offence under this section may be arrested and
detained without a warrant by any officer for examination as provided under this section; and if found not to be a Canadian citizen,
or not to have Canadian domicile, such entry shall in itself be sufficient cause for deportation whenever so ordered by a Board of
Jnquiry or officer in charge subject to any appeal which may have
been entered under section 19 of this Act.
8. Any transportation company or person including the master, Penalty for
agent, owner, charterer or consignee of any vessel, who shall bring J'™?™8'
into or land in Canada by vessel or otherwise, or shall attempt by hTrbouring or
himself or through another to bring into or land in Canada by vessel concealing
pr otherwise, or shall conceal or harbour or attempt to conceal or?r°_„lte^
ii • i ii,- i immigrants.
harbour or assist or abet another to conceal or harbour in any place
including any building, vessel, railway car, conveyance or vehicle,
any prohibited immigrant, passenger or other person, shall be guilty
of an offence against this Act, and shall be liable upon summary
conviction thereof to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars and
not less than fifty dollars or to imprisonment for any term not
exceeding six months, or to both fine and imprisonment, for each and
every prohibited immigrant, passenger or other person so brought
into or landed in Canada or attempted to be brought into or landed
in Canada or concealed or harboured or attempted to be concealed
or harboured.
9. Any transportation company, director, official or employee interference
thereof, or any person interfering with or resisting an immigration with officer.
officer in the performance of his duty under this Act, or knowingly
and wilfully assisting in the escape of any person detained in the
custody of an officer or at an immigrant station for any purpose
,under this Act or giving false information to an officer for the purpose of inducing such officer to permit the entry or landing in Canada
of any person who otherwise would be refused entry or landing for
any cause under this Act or would be detained for examination, shall
be guilty of an offence, and shall be liable to a fine of not more than
five hundred dollars and not less than twenty dollars for each such
offence, or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding six months, or
to both fine and imprisonment.
10. Every person who enters Canada as a tourist or traveller pewjty for
pr other non-immigrant, but who ceases to be such and remains in tourist who
Canada, shall forthwith report such facts to the nearest immigra- guXfaiiirT
ition officer and shall present himself before an officer for examina- to report.
tion under this Act, and in default of so doing he shall be liable to
a fine of not more than one hundred dollars, and shall also be liable
to deportation by order of a Board of Inquiry or officer acting as
such.
83739—3$
— 20
Release
under bond
or approved
deposit.
Failure to
appear for
examination.
Deposit of
money as
guarantee
that nonimmigrant will
leave at time
agreed upon.
11. Pending the final disposition of the case of any person
detained or taken into custody for any cause under this Act he may
be released under a bond, which bond may be in the form F in the
schedule to this Act, with security approved by the officer in charge,
or may be released upon deposit of money with the officer in charge
in lieu of a bond, and to an amount approved by such officer; upon
condition that such person shall appear before a Board of Inquiry or
iofficer acting as such at any port of entry named by the officer in
charge, and at such time as shall be named, for examination in
.regard to the cause or complaint on account of which he has been
detained or taken into custody.
12. If such person fail to appear for examination at such time
and place named, or shall fail to keep and observe every other condition under which he is so released, then such bond shall be enforced
and collected, and the proceeds thereof, or the money deposited in
lieu of a bond, as the case may have been, shall be paid into the hands
of the Minister of Finance, and shall form part of the Consolidated
Revenue Fund of Canada; and such person may be taken into custody forthwith and deported by order of a Board of Inquiry or officei
acting as such.
13. An officer in charge at any port of entry may require a
deposit of money, for such amount as such officer may prescribe as
a guarantee that any person or organization admitted to Canada as
belonging to any of the non-immigrant classes shall leave Canada
within the time agreed upon at the time of entry, and the said money
so deposited shall be refunded when the officer in charge is satisfied
that such person or organization has left Canada. If, however, such
person or organization does not leave Canada within the period
agreed upon at the time of entry, the money so deposited shall be
forfeited and become part of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of
Canada: Provided that the time limit may be extended by an officer
in charge with the approval of the Minister.
Medical
treatment.
Cost of
attendant
or dependent.
34. (1) A passenger or other person seeking to enter Canada
or who has been rejected or is detained for any purpose under this
Act, who is suffering from sickness or physical or mental disability,
may whenever it is so directed by the Deputy Minister or officer in
charge be afforded medical treatment on board ship or in an immigrant station, or may be removed to a suitable hospital for treatment,
according as the officer in charge decides is required by existing circumstances and the condition of the person's health as reported upon
by the examining medical officer and the cost of his hospital treatment and medical attention and maintenance shall be paid by the
'transportation company which brought such person to Canada.
(2) The Deputy Minister, or officer in charge, may, whenever it
is considered necessary or advisable for the proper care of such persons, direct that a suitable attendant, or someone upon whom such
person is dependent, or someone who is dependent upon such person,
as the case may be, shall be kept with such person during his medical
treatment on board ship or at an immigrant station or hospital, or ip
case of deportation from any place within Canada shall accompany
guch person to his port of embarkation from Canada; and the cost
thereof shall be paid by the said transportation company.
la—
—
——     ^
I— 21
35. A passenger or other person permitted to enter Canada Hospital       .
for medical treatment under this Act shall not be regarded as landed to^Situte
within the meaning of this Act. landing.
36. The  Deputy  Minister,  under the  direction  or  with  the Regulations
approval of the Minister, shall prescribe regulations whereby sick 0f*d1seased
and diseased persons may enter Canada for treatment and care at persons for
any health resort, hospital, sanitarium, asylum or other place or clnld^at
institution for the cure or care of such persons. sanitariums.
REGULATIONS  AS  TO  MONETARY  AND  OTHER REQUIREMENTS  FROM
SPECIFIED CLASSES OF IMMIGRANTS
37. Regulations made by the Governor in Council under this immigrants
Act may provide as a condition to permission to enter or land in ™qUil^d to
Canada, that immigrants and any of the non-immigrant classes, possess
except classes (i) to (iii) inclusive, of paragraph (g) of section 2 of ^"^1
this Act, shall possess in their own right, money to a prescribed money.
minimum amount, which amount may vary according to the nationality, race, occupation or destination of such persons and otherwise
according to the circumstances; and may also provide that all persons coming to Canada directly or indirectly from countries which
issue passports shall produce such passports on demand of the immigration officer in charge before being allowed to enter or land in
Canada, and may provide also that passports shall not be recognized
unless issued within a time limited by regulations or unless vised in
the manner required.
38. The Governor in Council may, by proclamation or order, Prolubltlon °*
., ,       , ., i-l immigrants
whenever he deems it necessary or expedient,— not coming to
(a.) prohibit the landing in Canada or at any specified port of ^J^"^
entry in Canada of any immigrant who has come to Canada other- journey,
wise than by continuous journey from the country of which he is a Prohibition
native or naturalized citizen, and upon a through ticket purchased oflandm«o*
•     j.u   * a_ -J   •      r\        J    . passengers
jn that country, or prepaid in Canada; brought by
(b) prohibit the landing in Canada of passengers brought to ntg^jngto
Canada by any transportation company which refuses or neglects comply with
to comply with the provisions of this Act; msAT*0*
(c) prohibit or limit in number for a stated period or perman- Landing of
ently the landing in Canada, or the landing at any specified port or <»«*«un
ports of entry in Canada, of immigrants belonging to any national- hnm^wnts
ity or race or of immigrants of any specified class or occupation, by maybe
reason of any economic, industrial or other condition temporarily prohlb,tec'-
existing in Canada, or because such immigrants are deemed Unsuitable having regard to the climatic, industrial, social, educational,
labour or other conditions or requirements of Canada or because
such immigrants are deemed undesirable owing to their peculiar
customs, habits, modes of life and methods of holding property, and
because of their probable inability to become readily assimilated or
to assume the duties and responsibilities of Canadian citizenship
within a reasonable time after their entry.
39. When any immigrant or other person is rejected or ordered Duty of
to be deported from Canada, and such person has not come to Can- re^onvi
ada by continuous journey from the country of which he is a native rejected
or naturalized  citizen,  but has  come indirectly  through  another """me""1*8
companies to
re-convey
 — 22"
to country
of birth or
citizenship.
Penalty.
country, which refuses to allow such person to return or be returned
to it, then the transportation company bringing such person to sudh
other country shall deport such person from Canada to the country
of which he is a native or naturalized citizen whenever so directed
by the Minister or Deputy Minister, and at the cost of such transportation company, and in case of neglect or refusal so to do, such
transportation company shall be guilty of an offence against this
Act, and shall be liable to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars and not less than twenty dollars for each such offence.
Duty of
officers and
municipal
officials
to send
complaint to
Minister
regarding
undesirable
immigrants.
Certain
persons to
be deemed
to belong
to the
prohibited or
undesirable
classes.
Liable to
deportation.
DEPORTATION   OF   PROHIBITED   AND   UNDESIRABLE   CLASSES
40. Whenever any person, other than a Canadian citizen or
person having Canadian domicile, shall be found an inmate of or
connected with the management of a house of prostitution or practising prostitution, or who shall receive, share in, or derive benefit
from any part of the earnings of any prostitute or who manages or
is employed by, in, or in connection with any house of prostitution
pr music or dance hall or other place of amusement or resort habitually frequented by prostitutesr or where prostitutes gather, or who
in any way assists any prostitute or protects or promises to protect
from arrest any prostitute or who shall import or attempt to import
any person for the purpose of prostitution or for any other immoral
purpose, or who has been convicted of a criminal offence in Canada
or who admits, the commission prior to landing or entry to Canada,
of a crime involving moral turpitude, or has become a professional
beggar or a public charge or practises polygamy, or has become an
inmate of a penitentiary, gaol, reformatory, prison, asylum or hospital for the insane or the mentally deficient, or an inmate of a public charitable institution, or enters or remains in Canada contrary
to any provision of this Act, it shall be the duty of any officer cog-
.nizant thereof, and the duty of the clerk, secretary or other official
of any municipality in Canada wherein such person may be, to forthwith send a written complaint thereof to the Minister, giving full
particulars.
41. Every person who by word or act in Canada seeks to overthrow by force or violence the government of or constituted law and
(authority in the United Kingdom- of Great Britain and Ireland or
Canada, or any of the provinces of Canada, or the government of
iany other of His Majesty's dominions, colonies, possessions or
dependencies, or advocates the assassination of any official of any
pf the said governments or of any foreign government, oi^who in
Canada defends or suggests the unlawful destruction of property or
jby word or act creates or attempts to create any riot or public disorder in Canada, or who without lawful authority assumes any
powers of government in Canada or in any part thereof, or who by
common repute belongs to or is suspected of belonging to any secret
society or organization which extorts money from or in any way
attempts to control any resident of Canada, by force or by threat
of bodily harm, or by blackmail, or who is a member of or affiliated
with any organization entertaining or teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government shall, for the purposes of this Act, be
deemed to belong to the prohibited or undesirable classes, and shall
be liable to deportation in the manner provided by this Act, and it
shall be the duty of any officer becoming cognizant thereof and of
—
	
	 23,
the clerk, secretary or other official of any municipality in Canada
•wherein any such person may be, forthwith to send a written complaint to the Minister, giving full particulars; Provided, that this,
section shall not apply to any person who is a British subject, either
by reason of birth in Canada, or by reason of naturalization in
Canada.
2. Proof that any person belonged to or was within the descrip- Duty of
tion of any of the prohibited or undesirable classes within the mean-°o notify
ing of this section at any time since the fourth day of May, one Minister,
thousand nine hundred and ten, shall, for all the purposes of this f^l^^
Act be deemed to establish prima facie that he still belongs to such British
prohibited or undesirable class or classes. subjects.
Presumption
. as to certain
persons.
42. Upon receiving a complaint from any officer, or from any investigation
clerk or secretary or other official of a municipality, against any ^^J^™*3
person alleged to belong to any prohibited or undesirable class, the undesirable
^Minister or the Deputy 'Minister may order such person to be takenoIaases-
jnto custody and detained at an immigrant station for examination
and an investigation of the facts alleged in the said complaint to be
made by a Board of Inquiry or by an officer acting as such.   Such ffi?**
Board of Inquiry or officer shall have the same powers and privileges, mayoider
and shall follow the same procedure, as if the person against whom investigation,
complaint is made were being examined upon application to enter
or land in Canada and such person shall have the same rights and
privileges as he would have if seeking to enter or land in Canada.
2. If upon investigation of the facts such Board of Inquiry or Deportation
examining officer is satisfied that such person belongs to any of the m 3Uch cases-
prohibited or undesirable classes mentioned in sections 40 and 41
of this Act, such persons shall be deported forthwith, subject, however, to such right of appeal as he may have to the Minister.
3. The Governor in Council may, at any time, order any such °Tder to Ieave
person found by a Board of Inquiry or examining officer to belong to CanadB-
eny of the undesirable classes referred to in section 41 of this Act to
leave Canada within a specified period. Such order may be in the
form D in the schedule to this Act, and shall be in force as soon as it
is served upon such person, or is left for him by any officer at the last
known place of abode or address of such person.
4. Any person rejected or deported only by reason of inability Arrest or
to comply with the provisions of any Order in Council which hasj£°^^°,n
been rescinded may be subsequently permitted to enter or land in or deported
Canada by a Board of Inquiry or officer in charge, on complying with person
. T « „   rm    * t .        . • jtii •     T   i remaining in
the provisions of The Immigration Act, but any person rejected or orreturning
deported by reason of any other cause under this Act or under The to Canada
Opium and Narcotic Drug Act, 1923, or removed, expelled or deported ^^b£^"
under the authority of any order in council or other regulation made to comply
under Pfee War Measures Act, 1914, shall not be permitted to enter "^^
pr land in Canada without the consent of the Minister, and any per- aSo.
pon who enters or remains in or returns to Canada after such rejection or deportation contrary to the provisions of this section, or who
refuses or neglects to leave Canada when ordered so to do by the
Governor in Council, as provided by subsection three of this section,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and any person sus-
 aa,a^ • ms . 24
Deportation
of head of
family.
pected of an offence under this section may forthwith be arrested
pnd detained without a warrant by any officer for examination and
deportation, as provided under section thirty-three of this Act, or
may be prosecuted for such offence, and shall be liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars and not less
than fifty dollars, or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one
year, or to both fine and imprisonment, and upon payment of the
fine or after expiry of any sentence imposed for such offence may be
again deported or ordered to leave Canada under this section.
5. In any case where deportation of the head of a family is
ordered, all dependent members of the family may be deported at
the same time. And in any case where deportation of a dependent
member of a family is ordered on account of having become a public
pharge, and in the opinion of the Minister such circumstance is due
to wilful neglect or non-support by the head or other members of the
. family morally bound to support such dependent members, then all
members of the family may be deported at the same time.
Detention
of certain
prisoners for
deportation.
Order of
Minister of
Justice and
warrant of
- Deputy
Minister.
43. Whenever any person other than a Canadian citizen or a
person having Canadian domicile, has become an inmate of a penitentiary, gaoV reformatory or prison, the Minister of Justice may,
upon the request of the Minister of Immigration and Colonization,
issue an order to the warden or governor of such penitentiary, gaol,
reformatory or prison, which order may be in the form E in the
schedule to this Act, commanding him after the sentence or term of
imprisonment of such person has expired to detain such person for,
and deliver him to, the officer named in the warrant issued by the
Deputy Minister, which warrant may be in the form EE in the
schedule to this Act, with a view to the deportation of such person.
2. Such order of the Minister of Justice shall be sufficient authority to the warden or governor of the penitentiary, gaol, reformatory
or prison, as the case may be, to detain and deliver such person to
the officer named in the warrant of the Deputy Minister as aforesaid, said such warden or governor shall obey such order, and such
.warrant of the Deputy Minister shall be sufficient authority to the
officer named therein to detain such person in his custody, or in custody at any immigrant station, until such person is delivered to the
authorized agent of the transportation company which brought such
person into Canada, with a view to deportation as herein provided.
CONCEALED  WEAPONS
Concealed
weapons.
43a. No immigrant shall bring into Canada any pistol, sheath
knife, dagger, Stiletto, or other offensive weapon that can be concealed upon the person, and any officer who has reason to suspect
that any immigrant has any such weapon in his possession may
search the person and baggage of such immigrant, and may seize
•any such weapon, which shall thereupon be confiscated to His
Majesty and disposed of as the Minister may direct; provided, that
in any such case the immigrant may appeal to the Minister, and the
Minister may give such directions for the return or other disposal of
such weapon, as he deems just and proper.
	
	 25
OBLIGATIONS   OF   TRANSPORTATION   COMPANIES   IN   CASES  OF  REJECTION
AND DEPORTATION
44. (1) The cost of maintenance  of every immigrant, pas- cost of
genger, stowaway, or other person brought to Canada by a trans- "^^T
portation company and held at any immigrant station pending final immigrant
disposition of his case, shall be paid by such transportation company, p"*1"*
and any such person rejected by the Board of Inquiry or officer in retum"
charge shall, if practicable, be sent back to the place whence he 9ame
on the vessel, railway train, or other vehicle by which he was brought
,to Canada, and the cost of his return shall be paid by such transportation company.
(2) If any such transportation company— Refusal to
(a) refuses or fails to pay the cost of maintenance; StenanL.
(b) refuses to receive any rejected person back on board ofRrfusalto
such vessel, railway train, or other vehicle, or on board of b^60"
any other vessel, railway train or other vehicle owned or
operated by the same transportation  company,  when  so
!^S|^: directed by the officer in charge; or,
(c) fails to detain any such person thereon; or, Failure
. , to detain.
(d) refuses or fails to return him to the place whence he came Failure to
to Canada; or, retum.
(e) makes any charge against any detained person for his main- charging
tenance while on land, or for the return of any rejected p^oa toT
person to the port of embarkation, or takes any security maintenance,
from any such person for the payment of such charge;
the master, agent, ■ owner or transportation company concerned shall Penalty.
be guilty of an offence against this Act and shall be liable to a fine
pf not more than five hundred dollars and not less than fifty dollars
for each offence; and no such vessel shall have clearance from any
port of Canada until such fine is paid.
45. Every person ordered to be deported under this Act who Deportation
has been brought to Canada by ship, shall be reconveyed free of by vesse^.°fo
charge, by the railway company or companies which brought him to ha™ been
the place in Canada where he is being detained for deportation, to landed in
the ocean port where he was landed, or the nearest available winter   n  a'
ocean port, as may be directed by the Board of Inquiry, and thence
he shall be conveyed free of charge by the transportation company
which brought him to Canada to the place in the country whence he
was brought or to the country of his birth or citizenship, and in such
manner as to passage accommodation as may be directed by the
officer in charge; and similarly every such person brought to Canada
by a railway train or other vehicle shall, subject to the regulations h^£a£,aa
under sections 31 and 32 of this Act, be reconveyed free of charge
by the transportation company which carried him to the place in
Canada where he is rejected or where he is being detained for deportation to the place in the country whence he was brought or to the
country of his birth or citizenship, as may be directed by the officer
in charge.
2. If deportation proceedings are instituted later than five years Cost of
after the landing or entry of any person, or if deportation is ordered ^J?*10"
by reason of causes arising subsequent to entry, the Minister shall years.
83739—4
-*■"'■• — - "••':    - 26
be the final judge of whether the cost of deportation shall be paid
by the transportation company or by the Department of Immigration and Colonization.
Penalty on 4g# Every transportation company which refuses or neglects
transportation
oompany
to comply with the order of the Minister or Board of Inquiry, or
refusin"gto officer acting as such Board to take on board, guard safely, and
^'uemJ>^on return to the place in the country whence he came, or to the eountry
be deported, of his birth or citizenship, as may be directed by such order, any
passenger or other person brought to Canada by such transportation company and ordered to be deported under the provisions of
this Act, shall be liable to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars and not less than fifty dollars, in each case.
Regulations . 47. The Minister shall prescribe regulations for the proper
troatmenT detention and treatment on board ship or railway train or other
of persons vehicle of all persons who have been ordered to be deported under
deported. j^is ^c^ both while awaiting and during deportation.
Penalty on 48. Every transportation company which, through the conni-
transportation -*w. j i- r   _ j > o .,      .,
company        vance or negligence of any of its officials or employees, permits the
permitting      escape of any person delivered into the custody of such transportation0 tion company by any officer for deportation under this Act shall, on
ordered to       conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred
be deported,    dollars and not less than fifty dollars for each offence.
Duty to 2. In the event of such person escaping from the custody of a
Immigration    transportation company, it shall be the duty of the master of the
officer           vessel, conductor of the train, dock-master, special constable or other
when such       official or employee of the transportation company in whose custody
recapee.         such person then was, to immediately report such escape to the nearest available immigration Officer; and it shall also be the duty of the
said company forthwith to report such escape to the Deputy Minister,
and such report shall state when, and from whom, such person was
received, and the time and mode of escape.   Failure on the part of
. such master, conductor, or other official to so report to the nearest
Penalty.         available immigration officer shall render him liable to a penalty of
not more than twenty dollars and not less than ten dollars for each
offence, and failure on the part of the transportation company to so
report to the Deputy Minister shall render such company liable to
a fine of not more than one hundred dollars and not less than twenty
dollars for each offence.
Penalty on 3. It shall be unlawful for any transportation company to bring
^panyatI°n *° Canada by a vessel from any port outside of Canada, any immi-
for bringing     grant, passenger, or other person afflicted with idiocy, imbecility,
prohibited       feeble-mindedness,   epilepsy,   insanity,   constitutional   psychopathic
inferiority, chronic alcoholism, tuberculosis in any form, or with any
loathsome disease or any disease which is contagious or infectious
or which may become dangerous to the public health, and if it shall
appear to the satisfaction of the agent or the inspector in charge
from an examination made by a medical officer and so certified by
said officer that such immigrant, passenger or other person so brought
to Canada was afflicted with any of the said diseases or disabilities
at the time of embarkation for Canada and that the existence of
such disease or disability might have been detected by means of a
competent medical examination at the time of embarkation, the
transportation company which brings any such person to a port of
™^^^^^^^^^^—^^^^^—^^—^^^"^— Sf
entry in Canada shall pay to the immigration agent or officer in
charge at the port of entry the sum of two hundred dollars and in
.addition a sum equal to that paid by such immigrant, passenger or
other person for his transportation from the place in the country
whence he was brought or from the country of his birth or citizenship, for each and every immigrant, passenger or other person brought
to Canada in violation of this subsection.
4. It shall be unlawful for any transportation company to bring Penalty on
to Canada by a vessel from any port outside of Canada, any immi- transP°rt*tion
, xl /vfj-i.i 1        j company for
grant, passenger or other person afflicted with any mental defect bringing other
other than those described in the preceding subsection, or physical ment.allyor
defect of a nature which may affect his liability to earn his living, defective5'
and if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the agent or the inspector immigrants.
in charge from an examination made by a medical officer and so
certified by said officer that any immigrant or other person so brought
to Canada was so afflicted at the time of embarkation for Canada,
and that the existence of such mental or physical defect might have
been detected by means of a competent medical examination at such
time, the transportation company which brings any such person to a
port of entry in Canada shall pay to the immigration agent or officer
in charge at the port of entry the sum of twenty-five dollars and in
addition a sum equal to that paid by such immigrant, passenger or
other person for his transportation from the place of his birth or
citizenship for each and every immigrant, passenger or other person
brought to Canada in violation of this subsection.
5. No vessel  shall  be  granted  clearance  papers pending the No clearance
determination of the question of the liability to the payment of such^i^^
fines, or while the fines remain unpaid, nor shall such fines be remit- liability, unless
ted or refunded unless in the opinion of the Minister a mistake hasde_,0Slt 1S
been made:    Provided that clearance may be granted prior to the
determination of such question upon the deposit of a sum sufficient
to cover such fines; and provided, further, that nothing contained in
the foregoing subsections shall be construed to subject transportation companies to a fine for bringing to ports of Canada Canadian
citizens and persons who have Canadian domicile and who are permitted to land in Canada as a matter of right.
49. (1)- The master of every vessel arriving at any port of M^ifest *°
entry in Canada shall forthwith after such arrival and before any by Master to
entry of such vessel is allowed, delivered to the immigration officer in immigration
charge a typewritten or printed list or manifest in the form pre- °®^ by
scribed by the Minister, of all the passengers and stowaways on signature
board such vessel at the time of her departure from the port or place ^er.^h'
whence she has cleared or sailed for Canada, or who were on board pressed
such vessel "at the time of her arrival in Canada, or at any time particulars.
during her voyage; and such typewritten or printed list or manifest
shall also show whether any of the persons named thereon are insane,
idiotic, epileptic, dumb, blind, or infirm, or suffering from any dis^
ease or injury or physical defect which may be cause for rejection
under this.Act, and whether or not they are accompanied by relatives able to support them, and if any change in the condition of
such passenger or stowaway has occurred or developed such change
shall also be stated; and such list or manifest shall be verified by
the signature and the oath or affirmation of the master or other
officer in command, taken before an immigration officer at the port
83739—1J 28
Verified also
by signature
under oath
of surgeon.
Entry as to
passengers
who have
been born
or have
died during
voyage.
Disposal of
property of
deceased
passengers.
Receipt for
property by
immigration
officer.
Failure to
deliver, or
making
partial ort
false manifest.
Penalty.
Master
permitting
passengers
to land before
delivering
manifest.
Penalty.
of arrival, to the effect that he has caused the surgeon of said vessel
sailing therewith to make a physical and mental examination of each
of said passengers, and that from the report of said surgeon and
from his own investigation he believes that the information in said
lists or manifests concerning each of said passengers named therein
is correct and true in every respect. That the surgeon of said vessel
sailing therewith shall also sign each of said lists or manifests and
make oath or affirmation in like manner before an immigration
officer at the port of arrival, stating his professional experience and
qualifications as a physician and surgeon, and that he has made a
"personal examination of each of the said passengers named therein,
and that the said list or manifest, according to the best of his knowledge and belief is full, correct and true in all particulars relating to
the mental and physical condition of said passengers. If no surgeon
sails with any vessel bringing immigrants to Canada, the mental
and physical examinations and the verifications of the lists or manifests shall be made by some competent surgeon employed by the
owners of the said vessels and the manifests shall be verified by such
surgeon before a British Consular Officer or other officer authorized
to administer oaths.
(2) Such manifest shall further state if any birth has taken
place during the voyage, and shall state the name, age and last place
of residence of any person who has died during the voyage, and
shall specify the cause of death and whether such person was accompanied by relatives or other persons who are entitled to take charge
of the moneys and effects left by such person and the disposition
made thereof.
(3) If there were no such relatives or other persons so entitled,
the manifest shall fully designate the quantity and description of the
property, whether money or otherwise, left by such person; and the
master of the vessel shall pay over to the immigration officer in charge
at the port at which the vessel is entered, and fully account for, all
moneys and effects, belonging to any person who has died on the
voyage. The officer in charge shall thereupon give to the master a
receipt for all moneys or effects so placed in his hands by the master,
which receipt shall contain a full description of the nature or amount
thereof.
(4) If the master of such vessel fails—
(a) to deliver such manifest required by this section; or,
(b) wilfully or negligently fails to state therein all the particulars of information required by this section; or,
(c) wilfully or negligently makes any false statement in such
manifest,
he shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and shall be liable
to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars and not less than twenty
dollars for every person with regard to whom any such omission
occurs or any such false statement is made.
(5) If the master of any vessel arriving at any port of entry
in Canada permits any passenger to leave the vessel before he has
delivered to the immigration officer in charge a correct manifest in
the form prescribed by the regulations in that behalf, and receive
permission from the officer in charge to allow the passengers to land,
he shall be liable to a fine of not more than one hundred dollars and
not less than twenty dollars for every passenger so leaving the vessel.
- 29
(6) If the master of any vessel arriving at any port of entry in Master
Canada fails to produce or satisfactorily account for every passen-a'co^tfor
ger whose name appears on the manifest, when required so to do by passengers.
the immigration officer in charge of the port of entry to which such
passenger is manifested, such master shall be liable to a fine of not Penaity.
more than one hundred dollars and not lees than twenty dollars in
the case of each such passenger.
(7) If the master of any vessel arriving at any port of entry Master
in Canada permits any stowaway to leave the vessel without per- permitting
mission of the immigration officer in charge, or through negligence land^ithout
permits such stowaway to escape from the vessel before the immi- permission
gration officer in charge has given permission for such stowaway to of offioer'
be landed, or after such stowaway has been ordered to be deported,
or in the event, of such escape fails to report it forthwith to the immigration officer in charge, he shall be liable to a fine of not more than Penalty-
one hundred dollars and not less than twenty dollars for every stowaway so leaving   or escaping from the vessel.
50. The master of any vessel sailing from a port outside ofEntl7in
Canada who embarks passengers after the vessel has been cleared J^tfonai
and examined by the proper officer at the port of departure, and who passengers.
does not report such additional passengers in the manifest required
to be delivered under this Act to the immigration officer in charge
at the port of entry, shall be liable to a fine of not more than one Penalty.
hundred dollars and not less than twenty dollars for each passenger
so embarked as aforesaid and not included in one of the said manifests.
51. The master of every vessel embarking outbound passen-Manifest of
-   outbound
passengers.
gers from any seaport of Canada shall, on the return voyage of such ol
vessel to Canada, deliver to the immigration officer in charge a mani
fest in form prescribed by the regulations in that behalf giving the
names of all such passengers on board such vessel, or booked to sail
by such vessel, and stating in every case whether they are British
subjects or aliens, and their sex, nationality and port of destination.
2. If the master of any vessel refuses or omits to deliver such Penalty.
manifest of outbound passengers he shall incur a penalty not exceeding one hundred dollars and not less than twenty dollars for every
passenger with regard to whom he has refused or wilfully neglected
to give the required information, and clearance of such vessel may
be refused until such manifest has been delivered to the immigration
officer in charge: Provided, however, that the master of any vessel
plying between seaports of Canada and adjacent or neighbouring Proviso,
seaports in Newfoundland or the United States may, by written
permission of the Minister or Deputy Minister, given to such master
or to the transportation company of which he is an employee, be
exempted from the requirements of this section.
52.  (1) Upon arrival of any vessel in Canada from any port Duty of
or place outside of Canada, it shall be the duty of the transportation ^^^f"
company, owner, agent, consignee, or master of a vessel, to deliver master to
to the agent or inspector in charge at the port of entry such lists as ^^j^,.
may be required by the Minister containing the names of all officers, employees on
seamen or other persons employed on such vessel which lists shall ship, and lists
contain whatever information the Minister shall prescribe, and before l[£™™d
the departure of any such vessel, the Minister may also require such departure and
■zz -1 "1 30
names of those
discharged,
and of
deserters.
Fine for
neglect or
refusal.
Discharging
crew without
examination.
No clearance
until fine paid
or deposit
made.
Temporary
entry.
No seaman
of prohibited
class to land
except for
medical
treatment.
transportation company, owner, agent, consignee or master to deliver
to the agent or officer in charge at the port of entry a further list
containing the names of all officers, members of the crew or other
persons who were not employed on such vessel at the time of arrival
but who will leave port thereon at the time of departure, and also
the names of those who have been paid off or discharged and all
those if any who have deserted or landed, and if such transportation company, owner, agent, consignee or master of such vessel
neglects or refuses to deliver either of the said lists of officers, members of the crew and other persons employed on such vessel arriving
and departing respectively or to report such cases of desertion or
landing of all officers and members of the crew and other persons
paid off and discharged, such transportation company, owner, agent,
consignee or master shall, if required by the agent or inspector in
charge, with the approval of the Minister, pay to the agent or inspector in charge the sum of ten dollars for each officer or member of the
crew or other person concerning whom correct lists are not delivered
or a true report is not made as above required, and no such vessel
shall be granted clearance pending the determination of the question
of the liability to the payment of such fine, and, in the event such
fine is imposed, while it remains unpaid; nor shall such fine be
remitted or refunded: Provided, that clearance may be granted prior
to the determination of such question upon deposit of a sum sufficient to cover such fine.
(2) If the master of any vessel arriving at any port of entry in
Canada shall pay off or discharge any officer, seaman or other member of the crew or other person employed on such vessel without
such person having first been examined by an immigration officer as
required under section thirty-three of this Act, such master shalL>
if required by the agent or inspector-in-charge, with the approval of
the Minister, pay to the agent or officer-in-charge the sum of twenty
dollars for such officer, seaman, or other member of the crew or other
person employed on such vessel who has been paid off or discharged
without first having been examined by an immigration officer, and
no such vessel shall be granted clearance pending the determination
of the question of the liability to the payment of such fine, and, in
the event such fine is imposed, while it remains ui.paid; nor shall
such fine be remitted or refunded: Provided, that clearance may be
granted prior to the determination of such question upon deposit of
a sum sufficient to cover such fine: Provided further that tho immigration officer-in-charge may allow any officer or seaman to enter
Canada temporarily for the purpose of reshipping under such regulations as the Minister may prescribe.
(3) No officer, seaman or other person belonging to the prohibited classes and employed on board any vessel arriving in Canada from any port outside of Canada, shall be permitted to land in
Canada except temporarily for medical treatment or pursuant to
regulations prescribed by the Minister providing for the ultimate
removal or deportation of such officer, seaman or other person from
Canada; and the neglect, failure or refusal of the transportation company, owner, agent, consignee or master of such vessel to detain on
board any such officer, seaman or other person after notice in writing
by the agent or immigration officer in charge at the port of entry,
and to deport such officer, seaman or other person if required by
such agent or immigration officer in charge, or by the Minister, shall
—
	 31
No vessel;
arriving to
have employed
thereon any
person within
certain prohibited classes.
render such transportation company, owner, agent, consignee orPenaltjr
master liable to a penalty not exceeding five hundred dollars, fox
which sum the said vessel, shall be liable and may be seized and proceeded against by way of libel in any court having competent jurisdiction; provided that this section shall not apply to Canadian citizens or persons having Canadian domicile.
(4) It shall be unlawful for any vessel upon arrival at any port
of entry in Canada from any port or place outside of Canada to have
on board employed thereon, any person afflicted with idiocy, feeblemindedness, imbecility, insanity, epilepsy or with any loathsome
disease or any disease which is contagious or infectious or which
may become dangerous to the public health, and if it appears to the
satisfaction of the Minister from an examination made by a medical
officer and so certified by such officer, that any such person was so
afflicted at the time he was shipped or engaged or taken on board)
such vessel, and that the existence of such affliction might have been
detected by means of a competent medical examination at such time,
for every such person so afflicted on board any such vessel at time
of arrival the master, owner, agent or consignee shall pay to the
immigration agent or officer in charge at such port of entry the sum
of fifty dollars and pending departure of the vessel such person shall
be detained and treated under supervision of an immigration officer
at the expense of the vessel, and no vessel shall be granted clearance
pending the determination of the question of the liability to the payment of such fine and while it remains unpaid: Provided, that clearance may be granted prior to the determination of such question
upon the deposit of a sum sufficient to cover such fine and expenses:
Provided, further, that nothing contained in this section shall be
Construed to subject the master, owner, agent or consignee of any
vessel to a fine for bringing to a port of entry Canadian citizens,
persons having Canadian domicile, or officers, seamen or other persons who have signed articles in Canada, and who are returning under
the terms of the articles so signed.
(5) Any transportation company or person including the owner,
agent, consignee, or master of any vessel arriving in Canada, from
any port or place outside of Canada, who shall knowingly sign on
the ship's articles, or*bring to Canada as any of the officers or crew
of such vessel, any person other than a Canadian citizen or a person
having Canadian domicile, with intent to permit such person to land
in Canada, contrary to the provisions of this Act, or who shall represent to the immigration authorities at the port of entry that any
such person is a bona fide officer or member of the crew, shall be
liable to a penalty not exceeding five hundred dollars, and not less
than fifty dollars'for each such person, for which sum the said vessel
shall be liable, and may be seized and proceeded against by way of
libel in any court in Canada having competent jurisdiction.
(6) In case any officer, seaman or other member of the erew,
or other person employed on any vessel deserts the vessel while in
any Canadian port, such vessel shall not be granted clearance until
the master or the responsible agent or owner in Canada of the vessel
has deposited with the officer-in-charge such sum as may be prescribed by him, which deposit shall be held as security for the return
of such deserter to the vessel or for his deportation, whichever event
shall first happen. In case such deserter returns to the vessel, or is
deported under the provisions of this Act, the amount of such deposit
Fine.
Detention
of vessel.
Clearance
upon deposit.
Proviso.
Signing on,
Iff bringing
as one
of crew,
any person
with intent to
land contrary
to this Act.
Penalty.
Deposit as
security for
return of
deserters.
—
~^~ ; L—
32
shall be returned less any expenses for detention, maintenance, transportation, subsistence, medical or hospital treatment or otherwise
which the Government shall have incurred on account of such
deserter.
Passenger
may leave
vessel before
arrival at
port of
destination.
53. Nothing in this Act shall prevent the master of any vessel
from permitting any passenger to leave the vessel outside of Canada
at the request of such passenger before the arrival of the vessel at
her final port of destination; but in every such case the name of the
passenger so leaving shall be entered in the manifest of passengers
made out at the time of the clearing of the vessel from the port of
departure or at the port at which such passenger was embarked.
Pilots
neglecting
to inform
immigration
officer of
unlawful
landing of
passengers.
Penalty.
54. Every pilot who has had charge of any vessel having
passengers on board, and knows that any passenger or stowaway has
been permitted to leave the vessel contrary to the provisions of this
Act, and who does not immediately upon the arrival of such vessel
in the port to which he engaged to pilot her, and before the immigration officer in charge has given permission to the passengers to
leave the vessel, inform the said officer that such passenger or stow*
away has been so permitted to leave the vessel, shall be liable to a
fine of not more than one hundred dollars and not less than ten dollars for every passenger with regard to whom he has wilfully
neglected to give such information.
False representation to
deter or induce
immigration.
Penalty.
PROTECTION OF IMMIGRANTS
55. Every person who causes or procures the publication or
circulation, by advertisement or otherwise, in a country outside of
Canada, of false representations as to the opportunities for employment in Canada, or as to the state of the labour market in Canada,
intended or adapted to encourage or induce, or to deter or prevent,
the immigration into Canada of persons resident in such outside
country, or who does anything in Canada for the purpose of causing
or procuring the communication to any resident of such country of
any such representations which are thereafter so published, circulated or communicated, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act,
and liable on summary conviction before two justices of the peace,
to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding six months, or to both fine and imprisonment.
violation of 50. If, during the voyage of any vessel carrying immigrants
regwdingW*     from any port outside of Canada to any port in Canada, the master
duties of or any of the crew is guilty of any violation of any law in force in
master or crew, the country in which such foreign port is situate, regarding the duties
of such master or crew towards the immigrants in such vesseh or if
the master of any such vessel during such voyage commits any
breach whatsoever of the contract for the passage made with any
immigrant by such master, or by the owners of such vessel, such
master or such one of the crew shall, for every such violation or
breach of contract, be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred
dollars and not less than twenty dollars, independently of any
remedy which such immigrants, complaining may otherwise have.
Breach of
contract with
passenger.
Penalty. 33
57. No officer, seaman or other person on board of a vessel Int*rcourse
bringing immigrants to Canada shall, while such vessel is in Cana- and^auT
dian waters, entice or admit any female immigrant into bis apart- immigrants,
ment, or, except by the direction or permission of the master of such
vessel, first given for such purpose, visit or frequent any part of such
vessel assigned to female passengers.
2. Every officer, seaman or other man employed on board of a Penalty for
vessel bringing immigrants to Canada, who, -while such vessel is in bet^'SU
Canadian waters, entices or admits any female immigrant into his and female
apartment or, except by the direction or permission of the master of immigrants.
such vessel first given, visits or frequents any part of such vessel
assigned to female passengers, shall be guilty of an offence against
tins' Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty-five dollars for every such offence.
3. Every master of a vessel who, while such vessel is in Cana- Pe^ttin°r
dian waters, directs or permits any officer or seaman, or other man ^^o visit
employed on board of such vessel to visit or frequent any part of parts of vessel
such vessel assigned to female immigrants, except for the purpose J^T1 *°
of doing or performing some necessary. act or duty, shall be guilty immigrants.
of an offence against this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty-five dollars for every such offence.
58. The master of every vessel bringing immigrants to Can- ?otice8*,0
ada from Europe shall, at all times while the vessel is in Canadian regaling
waters, keep posted, in a conspicuous place on the forecastle and in intercourse
the parts of the steerage of the said vessel assigned to steerage pas- betw.een
. .. ...«.*?.._. .      ~°     ,.   .     immigrants
sengers, a written or printed notice in the English, French, Swedish, and the crew.
Danish, German, Russian and Yiddish languages, and such other
languages as are ordered from time to time by the Deputy Minister,
containing the provisions of this Act regarding the prevention of
intercourse between the crew and the immigrants and the penalties for
the contravention thereof, and shall keep such notice so posted during
the remainder of the voyage.
2. Every master of a vessel bringing immigrants to Canada ena y"
from Europe who neglects to post, and keep pasted, the notice
required by this Act to be posted regarding the prevention of intercourse between the crew and the immigrants and the penalties for
contravention thereof, as required by this Act, shall be guilty of an
offence against this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one
hundred dollars for every such offence.
3. The immigration officer in charge shall inspect every such Inspection
vessel upon arrival for evidence of compliance with this section, and by officer
shall institute proceedings for any penalty incurred for violation m charge,
thereof.
4. The Minister may detail officers for duty on vessels carrying 9^*^°"
immigrants to Canada.    When officers are detailed for such duty ships,
they shall remain in that part of the vessel assigned to immigrant
passengers, and it shall be their duty to observe such immigrant passengers during the voyage and to report to the officer in charge at
the port of arrival in Canada any information which they may have
acquired during the voyage as to the desirability or undesirability
pf such immigrant passengers.
59. If any vessel from any port or place outside of Canada number of
comes within the limits of Canada having on board, or having had passengers
on board, at any time, during her voyage— decks* °f 34
Penalty.
"Adult
defined.'
Sale of
intoxicating
liquors to
steerage
passengers.
Penalty.
Right of
immigrants
to remain on
board vessel
till housing
or carriage
available.
Passengers to
be landed free
of expense.
Appointment
of landing
places.
Shelter for
immigrants.
Disposal of
property of
deceased
immigrant
parents.
(a) any greater number of passengers than one adult passenger
for every fifteen clear superficial feet on each deck of such vessel
appropriated to the use of such passengers and unoccupied by stores
or other goods, not being the personal luggage of such passengers; or,
(b) a greater number of persons, including the master and crew
tand the cabin passengers, if any, than one for every two tons of- the
tonnage of such vessel, calculated in the manner used for ascertaining the tonnage of British ships, the master of such vessel shall be
liable to a fine not exceeding twenty dollars, and not less than ten
dollars for each passenger or person constituting such excess.
2. For the purpose of this section, each person of or above the
pge of fourteen years shall be deemed an adult, and two persons
.above the age of one year and under the age of fourteen years shall
be reckoned and taken as one adult.
3. If there shall be a bar or other place for the sale of intoxicating liquors on any such vessel in the quarters assigned to third-
class or steerage passengers, or to which third-class or steerage passengers are permitted to have access at any time during the voyage
pf such vessel to Canada, the master of such vessel shall be guilty
pf an offence against this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars and not less than fifty dollars; and any
officer or member of the crew of such vessel who sells or gives intoxicating liquor to any third-class or steerage passenger, during the
voyage of such vessel to Canada, without the consent of the master
or ship surgeon or other qualified medical practitioner on board
thereof, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act and shall be
.liable to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars and not less than ten dollars for every such offence.
00. Every immigrant on any vessel arriving at a port of entry
to which the owner or master of such vessel engaged to convey him,
if facilities for housing or inland carriage for such immigrant are not
immediately available, shall be entitled to remain and keep his luggage on board such vessel for a period of twenty-four hours or until
such facilities are available, whichever shall first occur, and the
master of such vessel shall not, until such time, remove any berths
or accommodation used by such immigrant. -
01. Passengers and their luggage shall be landed from any
ship by the master thereof free of expense to the said passengers,
and such landing shall be either at a usual public landing place at
the port of entry or at such other place as is designated by the officer
in charge.
02. The Minister or the Deputy Minister may, from time to
time, by instructions to the immigration officer in charge, appoint
the places at which passengers arriving at such port shall be landed.
03. At the places so appointed the Minister or Deputy Minister may cause proper shelter and accommodation to be provided for
immigrants until they can be forwarded to their place of destination.
04. If both the immigrant parents, or the last surviving immi-»
grant parent of any child brought with them in any vessel bound
for Canada, die on the voyage, or at any immigrant station or elsewhere in Canada while still under the care of any immigrant agent,
u
=
	 35
pr other officer under this Act, the Minister, or such officer as he
deputes for the purpose, may cause the effects of such parents to be
disposed of for the benefit of such child to the best advantage in
his power, or in his discretion to be delivered over to any institution
or person assuming the care and charge of such child.
65. If complaint be made to the Minister or the Deputy Minis- inquiry m
ter against any company or person for any violation of this Act, in ^plaints
any matter relating to immigrants or immigration, the Minister may respecting
cause such inquiry as he thinks proper to be made into the facts of vj.°AaVDI1
the case, or may bring the matter before the Governor in Council in' °
order that such inquiry may be made under The Inquiries Act.
2. If upon such inquiry it appears to the satisfaction of the Minis- p">cedure-
ter that such company or person has been guilty of such violation,
the Minister may require such company or person to make such
compensation to the person aggrieved, or to do such other thing, as
is just and reasonable; or may adopt measures for causing such proceeding to be instituted against such company or person as the case
requires.
06. The Governor in Counoil may make such regulations and Regulations
impose such penalities as are deemed expedient to safeguard the e^pToyment
interests of immigrants seeking employment from any companies, agencies.
firms, or persons carrying on the business of intelligence offices or
employment or labour agencies at any place in Canada.
IMMIGRANT RUNNERS
67. The Deputy Minister may issue to agents of transporta- Licenses for
tion companies, forwarding and transfer companies, hotels and migrant
boarding houses, a license authorizing such persons to exercise the
vocation of immigrant runners, or of soliciting the patronage of
immigrants for their respective companies, hotels or boarding houses,
or of booking passengers. Such license shall be in the form prescribed by the Deputy Minister, and may at any time be cancelled
by him under the direction or with the consent of the Minister.
.68. No person shall, at any port or place in Canada, for hire, immigrants
reward or gain, or the expectation thereof, conduct, solicit or recom- no^teoT
mend, either orally or by handbill or placard or in any other man- except by
ner, any immigrant to or on behalf of any owner of a vessel, or to or licensed
on behalf of any inn-keeper or boarding-house keeper, or any other persons"
person, for any purposes connected with the preparations or arrangements of such immigrant for his passage to his final place of destination in Canada, or elsewhere, or give or pretend to give to such
immigrant any information oral, printed or otherwise, or assist him
to his said place of destination, or in any way exercise the vocation
of booking passengers, or of taking money for their inland fare, or
for the transportation of their luggage, unless such person has first
obtained a license from the Deputy Minister authorizing him to act
in such capacity.
09. Every person licensed under this Act as  an immigrant selling
runner, or person acting on behalf of any transportation company, or *ioke*a to
forwarding or transfer company, or hotel or boarding-house, and aTe^ssive
every person in his employ, who sells to any immigrant a ticket or rates,
order for the passage of such immigrant, or for the conveyance of his
	 Persons not
to board
vessels or enter
immigrant
stations
without
authority.
List of prices
to be posted
in hotels and
boarding-
houses for
immigrants.
36
luggage, at a higher rate than that for which it could be purchased
directly from the company or person undertaking such conveyance,
and every person who purchases any such ticket from an immigrant
for less than its value, or gives in exchange for it one of less value,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and the license of such
person shall be cancelled.
70. No licensed immigrant runner, or agent or person acting
on behalf of any transportation company, or other person, shall go
on board any vessel after such vessel has arrived in Canadian waters
until all passengers thereon have been landed, or shall go into any
immigrant station, unless he is authorized so to do by the Deputy
Minister or officer in charge.
DUTIES OF INN-KEEPERS
71. Every inn-keeper or boarding-house keeper in any city,
town, village or place in Canada designated by any order in council,
who receives into his house as a boarder or lodger any immigrant
within three months after his arrival in Canada, shall cause to be
kept conspicuously posted in the public rooms and passages of hist
house and printed upon his business cards, a list of the prices which
will be charged to immigrants per day and per week for board or
lodging, or both, and also the prices for separate meals, which cards
shall also contain the name of the keeper of such house, together
with the name of the street in which it is situate, and its number in
such street.
2. No such inn-keeper or boarding-house keeper shall have any
lien on the effects of such immigrant for any amount claimed for
such boarding or lodging for any sum exceeding five dollars.
72. Every such inn-keepefr or boarding-house keeper who
detains the effects of any immigrant by reason of any claim for
board of lodging after he has been tendered the sum of five dollars
or such less sum as is actually due for ,the board or lodging of such
immigrant, shall incur a penalty not exceeding twenty-five dollars
and not less than five dollars, over and above the value of the effects
so detained, and he shall also be liable to restore such effects.
2. In the event of such unlawful detention, the effects so detained
may be searched for and recovered under search warrant as in the
case of stolen goods.
RULES,  FORMS  AND  NOTICES
73. In addition to the forms set out in the schedule to this Act
the Deputy Minister, under direction or with the consent of the
Minister, shall prescribe, formulate and issue such rules, notices,
forms of reports and manifests, and other forms as are deemed necessary from time to time in connection with regulations made under
this Act or for the use and guidance of officers under this Act, or of
transportation companies and agents thereof, and masters of vessels
and immigrants.
uniforms for 74. The Deputy Minister shall, under the direction or with
offi^r*""1    ^e consent °f the Minister, prescribe and contract for suitable uniforms and insignia for the various officers on duty at ports of entry,.
Inn-keeper's
lien limited.
Penalty on
inn-keeper
for detaining
immigrant's
effects after
tender.
Search for
effects.
Deputy
Minister to
prescribe
forms.
—	
	 37
and the same shall be supplied to such officers, and one-third of the
cost thereof shall be chargeable to such officers, or in the case of
officers-having their uniforms made to order a proportionate sum
shall be paid to them on account thereof.
p
75. All officers while on duty at ports of entry, or on duty officers to
elsewhere inspecting immigrants or passengers, or acting on a Board *^unif?™
of Inquiry, or on duty in connection with the deportation of any"
person under this Act, shall wear the uniform prescribed for them,
unless otherwise directed by the Deputy Minuter.
'fi* PROSECUTIONS AND PROCEDURE
70. Any officer may institute summary proceedings before any Prosecutions,
police or stipendiary magistrate, recorder* or .any two justices of the
peace, against any transportation company, or director, official or
employee thereof, or against any other person charged with an
offence against this Act, at the place where such offence was committed in Canada, or at the place where such company has an office
or place of business in Canada, or where such person then is.
2. Such magistrate, recorder, or justices of the peace may, inCoats-
addition to any fine or penalty imposed, award costs against any
such company or person as in ordinary cases of summary proceedings, and in default of payment thereof may award imprisonment imprisonment,
for a term not exceeding three months, to terminate on payment of
the fine or penalty and costs incurred, and may, in his discretion, Awaid of
award any part of such fine or penalty, when recovered, to any one penalty,
aggrieved by or through the act or neglect of such company or person.
3. Subject to such award to any one aggrieved, all fines and Application
penalties recovered under this Act shall be paid to the Minister of penalties'."'1
Finance, and shall form part of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of
Canada.
4. Every duty and every fine or penalty imposed under author- Lien °"
ity of this Act upon a transportation company, or upon any director, transportation
official or employee thereof, or upon any other person, shall, until companies,
payment thereof, be a lien upon any and all property of such company or person in Canada, and may be enforced and collected by the
seizure and sale of all or any such property under the warrant or
process of the magistrate or court before whom it has been sued for,
and shall be preferred to all other liens, or hypothecations except
wages.
5. Every duty imposed under authority of this Act upon a trans- inability of
portation company shall be a duty devolving upon every director, omdaiT *'
official ov employee thereof, and every duty imposed upon the mas- 0wnere of
ter of a vessel shall be a duty devolving upon the owner thereof.      vessels.
6. Imprisonment of a master or owner of any vessel, or of any imprisonment
official or employee of any transportation company, for any offence "nie^dlscharg8
against this Act, shall not discharge the ship or other property of
such company from the lien attached thereto by this Act.
77. No conviction   or   proceeding   under   this   Act shall be Convictions
quashed for want of form, nor, unless the penalty imposed is one %£££iot
hundred dollars or over, be removed by appeal or certiorari or other- want of form,
wise into any superior court.
r   ' r-       i 38
Warrants of
commitment.
security in
case of appeal.
General
penalty.
2. No warrant of commitment shall be held void by reason of
any defect therein, if it is therein alleged that the person has been
convicted, and there is a good and valid conviction to sustain such
warrant.
3. In case of removal by appeal or certiorari or otherwise of
any conviction or proceeding under this Act into any superior court,
security shall be given to the extent of one hundred dollars for the
costs of such removal proceedings to such superior court.
78. Every person who violates any provision of this Act, or of
any order in council, proclamation or regulation thereunder in respect
of which violation no other penalty is provided by this Act, shall
incur a penalty not exceeding one hundred dollars.
APPLICATION TO  CHINESE
Application 79. All provisions of this Act not repugnant to the provisions
£^£^°        of The Chinese Immigration Act, 1923, shall apply as well to persons
of Chinese origin as to other persons.
Payment of
cost of administering
Aot.
EXPENSES OF ADMINISTRATION
80. All expenses incurred in administering this Act and carrying out the provisions thereof, and of affording help and advice to
immigrants, and aiding, visiting and relieving destitute immigrants,
procuring medical assistance and otherwise attending to the objects
of immigration, shall be paid out of any moneys granted by Parliament for any such purpose and under such regulations or under such
orders in council, if any, as are made for the distribution and application of such moneys.
Power to
make further
regulations.
Acts repealed.
GENERAL REGULATIONS
81. The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of
the Minister, make such orders and regulations, not inconsistent with
this Act, as are considered necessary or expedient for enforcing ffee
provisions of this Act according to the true intent and meaning
thereof.
REPEAL
82. The following Acts are repealed: Chapter 93 of the Revised
Statutes, 1906; chapter 19 of the statutes of 1907, and chapter 33 of
the statutes of 1908. 30
SCHEDULE
Form A.
PERMIT TO  ENTER OR  REMAIN  IN  CANADA.
Canada.
The Immigration Act, section 4.
To all Immigration Officers:
This is to certify that..
(name in full)
of	
(last place of residence)
(occupation or other description)
is hereby permitted to (enter) or (remain in) Canada for a period
of.. from the date hereof free from
examination or other restrictions under The Immigration Act.
Dated at Ottawa this day of 19..
Minister of Immigration and Colonization.
Seal of the Department
of Immigration and
Colonization.
Form AA
CANCELLATION  (OR EXTENSION)  OF PERMIT
Canada
The Immigration Act, section 4.
To all Immigration Officers:
This is to certify that the Permit to  (enter)  or  (remain in)
Canada issued to	
(name in full)
of..;?.'	
(last place of residence)
on the.. . .' day of 19	
is hereby cancelled (or is hereby extended for a further period of
 from the date hereof).
Minister of Immigration and Colonization.
Seal of the Department
of Immigration and
Colonization.
■*****^^—^^M 40
Form B
ORDER   FOR  DEPORTATION
Canada
The Immigration Act, Section 33
To	
(transportation company)
and to	
(person rejected)
Port of entry	
Province of	
This is to certify that	
(name  in full)
of	
(last place of residence)
a person seeking to enter Canada at this port, ex	
(ship or train)
from which arrived at this port on..  ..  ..  .... ..
 ,  . .at..  ....  . .o'clock has this day been examined by the
Board of Inquiry (or officer in charge)  at this port, and has been
rejected for the following reasons:
(here state reasons in full)
And the said is hereby ordered to be deported to the
place from whence he came to Canada. Such conveyance shall be by
the first available ship or train of the transportation company which
brought the said to Canada.
Dated at this day of
 19..  ..
Chairman of the Board of Inquiry (or
Immigration Officer in Charge).
NOTICE TO PERSON ORDERED TO BE DEPORTED
If you claim to be a Canadian citizen or to have acquired Canadian domicile, you have the right to consult counsel and appeal to
the courts against deportation.
In all other cases you may appeal to the Minister of Immigration
and Colonization against any decision of the Board of Inquiry or
officer in charge whereby you are ordered to be deported unless such
decision is based upon a certificate of the examining medical officer
that you are affected with a loathsome disease or a disease which may
become dangerous to the public health. The formal notice of appeal
will be supplied to you by the immigration officer in charge upon
request and upon deposit of the sum of twenty dollars for the cost of
your maintenance, and the sum of ten dollars for the maintenance of
each person dependent upon you, until the Minister has decided upon
your case.
";-^-^ 41
Form C
NOTICE OF APPEAL
Canada
The Immigration Act, section 19
To the Minister of Immigration and Colonization,
Ottawa, Canada.
I,.. » • of	
(name in full) (last place of residence)
hereby appeal from the decision of the Board of Inquiry (or officer
in charge) at this port whereby my application to land in Canada
has been rejected, and I have been ordered to be deported to	
Dated at the day
of A. 19.. ..
Appellant.
FormD
ORDER TO LEAVE CANADA
Canada
The Immigration Act, section 42
To of	
Whereas it has been shown by evidence satisfactory to His
Excellency the Governor in Council that you advocated in Canada
the overthrow of the Government of Canada by force or violence
(or as the case may be).
You are hereby ordered under and by virtue of the authority
conferred upon His Excellency by section 42 of the Immigration
Act within days after the service of this
order upon you, or after its being left for you at your last known
address or place of abode, to leave and depart from Canada, and
not to return.
Dated at Ottawa this day of 19..
Clerk of the Council.
Seal of the
Privy Council. 42
Form E
ORDER OF THE MINISTER OF JXTSTICB
Canada
The Immigration Act, section 43
To (Governor or.
Warden of gaol, prison, reformatory or penitentiary)—
Whereas of	
has become an inmate of , haying been
convicted of the crime of	
And whereas, under the provisions of The Immigration Act, I have
been requested by the Minister of Immigration and Colonization to
issue an order to you, the said	
(warden or governor, as the case may be)
to detain the said after
expiry of his sentence, or term of imprisonment, and to deliver him
to the officer named in the warrant of the Deputy Minister with a
view to the deportation of the said	
Now know you that I, the Minister of Justice of Canada, do
hereby, under the provisions of the said Act, order you, the said
 , to detain and deliver the said.. .. ,	
(warden or governor)
to the officer authorized by warrant of the
Deputy Minister, to receive the said	
from you with a view to his deportation under the provisions of the
said Act.
For which this shall be your sufficient warrant.
Dated at Ottawa this day of
 19..  ..
Minister of Justice.
Seal of the
Department of Justice.
FORM EE
WARRANT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER
Canada
The Immigration Act, section 43
By the Deputy Minister:
To of	
Whereas of
/ has become an
inmate of	
(gaol, prison, reformatory or penitentiary)
	 43
And whereas, under the provisions of the Immigration Act, an
order has been issued for the deportation of the said	
i and application has been made to the
Minister of Justice for an Order addressed to the	
(governor or warden*
of the said	
(gaol, prison, reformatory or penitentiary)
commanding him to detain and deliver the said	
into your custody after expiry of his sentence or term of imprisonment in the said	
(gaol, prison, reformatory or penitentiary)
•with a view to his deportation under the provisions of the said Act.
Now know you that I,	
Deputy Minister, do hereby order you to receive the said	
 and him safely to keep and       ,
(name of prisoner)
to convey through any part of Canada, and him to deliver to the
transportation company which brought him to Canada, with a view to
his deportation to the port from which he came to Canada.
For which this shall be your sufficient warrant.
Dated at Ottawa this dav of	
 19.. .. jos «
Seal of the Deputy Minister.
Department of Immigration
and Colonization.
Form F
BOND TO APPEAR FOR EXAMINATION
Canada
The Immigration Act, section 33
Canada: )    In the matter of The Immigration
Province of f Act and of A.B.
Be it remembered that on the day of	
in the year nineteen hundred and , A.B., formerly of
[state place of domicile before coming to Canada], [occupation], a
person seeking to enter or remain in Canada; and L.M. of [name ojf
place], in the said province [occupation], and N.O. of the same place
[occupation], personally came before me and acknowledged themselves to owe to our Sovereign Lord the King, bis heirs and successors,
the several sums following, that is to say:
The said A.B. the sum of dollars, and the
said L.M. and N.O. the sum of dollars each, of
good and lawful current money of Canada, to be made and levied
of their several goods and chattels, lands and tenements respectively,
to the use of our said Sovereign Lord the King, his heirs and successors, if he, the said A. B. fails in the condition hereunder written.
Taken and acknowledged the day and year first above mentioned at in the province aforesaid before
me [Justice of Peace, or Notary
Public]. 44
The condition of the above written obligation is such, that
whereas the said A.B. is held in custody under authority of The
Immigration Act for examination touching the right of the said A.B.
to enter or remain in Canada; if, therefore, the said A.B. appears
before the Board of Inquiry or officer acting as such at the Immigrant Station at on the 	
 day of  next at the hour of 	
in the noon, and there surrenders himself into custody
of an Immigration Officer" and submits to examination under the said
Act, and does not attempt to escape from such custody, then this
obligation shall be void, otherwise to stand in full force and effect.
P.C. 23
Wednesday, the 7th day of January, 1914.
The Governor General in Council is hereby pleased to rescind
and revoke the Order in Council, dated 9th May, 1910 (P.C. No.
920), and the regulation thereby made and established.
The Governor General in Council, under the authority of section 38 of the Immigration Act, 9-10 Edward VII, chapter 27, is
pleased to order as follows:—
From and after the date hereof the landing in Canada shall be
and the same is hereby prohibited of any immigrant who has come
to Canada otherwise than by continuous journey from the country
of which he is a native or naturalized citizen and upon a through
ticket purchased in that country or prepaid in Canada.
P.C. 919
Monday, the 9th day of May,  1910.
Whereas by section 71 of the Immigration Act, 9 and 10 Edward
VII, it is provided as follows:—
1. Every inn-keeper or boarding-house keeper in any city, town,
village or place in Canada designated by any Order in Council, who
receives into his house as a boarder or lodger any immigrant within
three months after his arrival in Canada, shall cause to be kept
conspicuously posted in the public rooms and passages of his house,
and printed upon his business cards, a list of the prices which will
be charged to immigrants per day and per week for board and lodging, or both, and also the prices for separate meals, which cards shall
also contain the name of the keeper of such house, together with the
name of the street in which it is situate, and its number in such
street.
2. No such inn-keeper or boarding-house keeper shall have any
lien on the effects of such immigrant for any amount claimed for
such boarding or lodging for any sum exceeding five dollars.
And whereas it is considered expedient to bring this section
into force in certain places, Therefore His Excellency in Council is
pleased to designate and doth hereby designate, for the purpose of
the said section 71, the cities of Ottawa and Toronto, in the province
of Ontario; the cities of Quebec and Montreal, in the province of
Quebec; the city of Halifax, in the province of Nova Scotia; the city
of St. John, in the province of New Brunswick; the city of Winnipeg, in the province of Manitoba; and the cities of Vancouver, Victoria and Prince Rupert, in the province of British Columbia, as cities
in which every keeper of a tavern, hotel or boarding-house therein
who receives into his house as a boarder or lodger any immigrant
within three months after his arrival in Canada, shall be subject to
the requirements and the provisions of the said section. 45
P.C. 269
Wednesday, the l#th day of February, 1911.
His Excellency in Council, in virtue of the provisions of section
31, of the Immigration Act, is pleased to order and it is hereby
ordered as follows:—
1. It shall be the duty of transportation companies to provide,
equip and maintain suitable buildings for the examination and detention of passengers for any purpose under the Immigration Act at
every port of entry and border station designated by the Minister
of Immigration and Colonization of Canada at which they carry on
any business.
2. Any transportation company failing to comply with the foregoing regulations shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding one thousand dollars.
The Minister has designated the following ports of entry as
places to which the above Order in Council shall apply:—
New Brunswick:
Debec Junction, McAdam Junction, Ednnundston, St.
Stephen.
Quebec:
Athelstan, Beebe Junction, Coaticook,   Highwater,   Stanhope, Megantic, St. Johns, Hall's Stream, Lajolle Vil-
.   lage, Highway, D and H Ry.; Huntingdon, Hemming-
ford.
Ontario:
Bridgeburg, Cornwall, Fort Erie, Fort Frances, Niagara
Falls, Port Arthur, Prescott, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie,
Toronto, Windsor, Kingston, Brockville, Fort William,
Rainy River, Walkerville, Crystal Beach, Erie Beach,
Queenston, Cobourg.
Manitoba:
Bannerman, Emerson, Gretna, Sprague.
Saskatchewan:
North Portal, Northgate.
Alberta:
Coutts.
British Columbia:
Grand Forks, Huntingdon, Kingsgate, Newgate, Pacific
Highway, Paterson, Waneta, White Rock.
P.C. 1204
Monday, the 9th day of June, 1919.
Whereas owing to conditions prevailing as the result of war, a
widespread feeling exists throughout Canada, and more particularly
in Western Canada, that steps should be taken to prohibit the landing in Canada of immigrants deemed undesirable owing to their
— 46
peculiar customs, habits, modes of living and methods of holding
property and because of their probable inability to become readily
assimilated or to assume the duties and responsibilities of Canadian
citizenship within a reasonable time after their entry;
And whereas it appears that persons commonly known as Douk-
hobors are of the class described;
Therefore His Excellency the Governor General in Council is
pleased, under the authority of section 38 of the Immigration Act,
9-10 Edward VII, chapter 27, as amended by 9-10 Geo. V, chapter
25, to make the following regulation, and the same is hereby made
and established accordingly:—
From and after the date hereof and until otherwise ordered, the
landing in Canada shall be and the same is hereby prohibited of any
immigrant of the Doukhobor class.
P.C. 1202
Monday, the 9th day of June, 19(19.
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Immigration and Colonization, having
regard to the industrial and labour conditions in Canada, and under
the authority of section 38 of the Immigration Act, 9-10 Edward
VII, chapter 27, as amended by 9-10 George V, chapter 25, is pleased
to make the following regulation, and the same is hereby made and
established accordingly:—
. From and after the date hereof and until otherwise
ordered the landing in Canada at any port of entry in British
Columbia hereinafter specified, of any immigrant of the following classes or occupations, viz., skilled and unskilled
labour, is hereby prohibited.
The following ports of entry in British Columbia are
hereby designated as the ports of entry at which this order
shall apply:—
Vancouver,
Victoria,
New
Westminster
Nanaimo,
Prince Rupert,
Port Simpson,
Anyox,
Comox,
Ganges Harbour,
Ladner,
Ladysmith,
Steveston,
Chemainus,
Powell RiVer,
Stewart,
Union Bay,
Whales Island
• Newport,
Alberni,
White Pass
P.C. 115
Thursday, the 22nd day of January, 1920.
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Immigration and Colonization, and
under and by virtue of the provisions of subsection " c " of section
38 of the Immigration Act, 9-10 Edward VII, is pleased to order,
and it is hereby ordered, as follows, viz:—
From and after the date hereof and until otherwise
ordered, the landing at any port of entry in Nova Scotia, New
Brunswick or Quebec,: hereinafter specified, of any female
immigrant unaccompanied by husband, father, mother or such
	
£Jl^
	 47
other relative as the Superintendent of Emigration for Canada in London, England, may approve, is limited in number
to such female immigrants as are in possession of a document
known as a Sailing Permit, issued by the Superintendent of
Emigration for Canada in London, England.
The following ports of entry are hereby designated as the ports
of entry at which this Order shall apply:—
Halifax, N.S.; St. John, N.B.; Quebec, P.Q.; Montreal, P.Q.
P.C. 1493
Saturday, the 30th day of April, 1920.
Whereas the Minister of Immigration and Colonization reports
that in connection with the issue and renewal of Permits as provided
for in section 4 of the Immigration Act, some expense and trouble is
entailed.
Therefore His Excellency the Deputy Governor General in
Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Immigration and
Colonization and under the general provisions of section 81 of the
Immigration Act, is pleased to order that the following scale of
charges shall be and the same are hereby put into effect forthwith:—
(a) For the issue or renewal of Permit for a period not exceeding twelve months in the case of any person mentally defective, a fee of $23;
(b) For the issue or renewal of Permit in any case other than
provided for in the next preceding paragraph, a fee of $5
when the Permit or renewal covers a period of not more
than six months, and a fee of $10 when the Permit or
renewal covers a period of more than six months, but not
more than twelve months.
P.C. 182
Wednesday, the 31st day of January, 1923.
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Acting Minister of Immigration and Colonization,
is pleased to rescind the Order in Council of the 12th day of April,
1922 (P.C. 715), and the same is hereby rescinded as from and after
the 15th February, 1923.
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, under the
authority of sections 37 and 38 of the Immigration Act, 9-10 Edward
Til, chapter 27, as amended by 9-10 George V, chapter 25, and
having regard to the unemployment conditions now existing in Canada, is pleased to make the following regulation and the same is
hereby made and established accordingly:—
From and after the 15th February, 1923, and until otherwise, ordered, the landing in Canada of any immigrant of any
Asiatic race is hereby prohibited except as hereinafter provided;
The Immigration Officer in Charge may admit any immigrant who otherwise complies with the provisions of the Immigration Act, if it is shown to his satisfaction that such immigrant is,—
— 48
(1) A bona fide agriculturist entering Canada to farm
and has sufficient means to begin farming in Canada.
(2) A bona fide farm labourer entering Canada to follow that occupation and has reasonable assurance of employment,    j*"^
(3) A female domestic servant entering Canada to follow that occupation and has reasonable assurance of employment.
(4) The wife or child under 18 years of age, of any person legally admitted to and resident in Canada, who is in a
position to receive and care for his dependents.
Provided every immigrant except those coming within paragraph
(4) of this regulation shall possess in his own right as a condition to
permission to land in Canada, the sum of $250; and Provided further
that this regulation shall not apply to the national of any country
in regard to which there is in operation a special Treaty, or Agreement or Convention regulating immigration.
P.C. 183
Wednesday, the 31st day of January, 1923.
(As amended by P.C. 642 of the 11th day of April, 1923.)
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Acting Minister of Immigration and Colonization,
is pleaiied to rescind the Order in Council of the 9th day of May,
1922 (P.C. 717), and the same is hereby rescinded as from and after
the 15th February, 1923;
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, under the
authority of section 38 of the Immigration Act, 9-10 Edward VII,
chapter 27, as amended by 9-10 George V, chapter 25, and having
regard to unemployment conditions now existing in Canada, is
pleased to make the following regulation, and the same is hereby
made and established accordingly:—
From and after the 15th February, 1923, and until otherwise ordered, the landing in Canada of immigrants of all
classes and occupations, is hereby prohibited, except as hereinafter provided:
The Immigration Officer in Charge may notwithstanding
the provisions of P.C. 23 of the 7th January, 1914, permit to
land in Canada any immigrant who otherwise complies with
the provisions of the Immigration Act, if it is shown to his
satisfaction that such immigrant is,—
(1) A bona fide agriculturist entering Canada to farm
and has sufficient means to begin farming in Canada.
(2) A bona fide farm labourer entering Canada to follow
that occupation and has reasonable assurance of employment.
(3) A female domestic servant entering Canada to follow that occupation and has reasonable assurance of employment.
(4) The wife or child under 18 years of age, of any person legally admitted to and resident in Canada, who is in a
position to receive and care for his dependents. 49
(5) Any United States citizen entering Canada from the
United States who shall satisfy the Immigration Officer in
Charge At the port of entry that he has sufficient means to
maintain himself until employment is secured.
(6) Any British subject entering Canada directly or
indirectly from Great Britain or Ireland, Newfoundland, the
United States of America, New Zealand, Australia or the
Union of South Africa, who shall satisfy the Immigration
Officer in Charge at the port of entry that he has sufficient
means to maintain himself until employment is secured:
Provided, that the only persons admissible under the authority of this clause are British subjects by reason of birth or
naturalization in Great Britain or Ireland, Newfoundland,
New Zealand, Australia or the Union of Soutp. Africa.
And Provided further that the provisions of this Order
in Council shall not apply to immigrants of any Asiatic race.
P.C. 185
Wednesday, the 31st day of January, 1923.
1 His Excellency the Governor General1 in Council, on the recommendation of the Acting Minister of Immigration and Colonization,
is pleased to rescind the Order in Council of the 12th May, 1922
(P.Oju1041), and the same is hereby rescinded as from the 15th
February, 1923.
as -His Excellency the Governor General in Council, under the
authority of section 37 of the Immigration Act, 9-10 Edward VH,
chapter 27, as enacted by 11-1S George V, chapter 32, is pleased to
make the following1 regulation and the samsgfe hereby made and
established accordingly:—
On and after the*15th February, 1923, it shall be necessary as a
condition to permission to land in. Canada, that every immigrant
Shall be in possession of a valid passport issued in and by the Government of the country of which such person is a subject or citizen,
such passport to be presented within one year of the date of its issue;
Provided:
1. That this regulation shall not apply to British subjects
landing in Canada directly or indirectly from .Great Britain
or Ireland, Newfoundland, New Zealand, Australia, the Union
of South Africa or the United States of America, nor shall it
apply to United States citizens or to farmers, farm labourers
or female domestic servants landing in Canada from the
United States. The term, British subject, within the meaning of this clause, includes only persons born or naturalized
in Great Britain or Ireland, Newfoundland, New Zealand,
Australia or the Union of South Africa.
2. That the passport of any alien immigrant sailing
directly or indirectly from the continent of Europe, shall
carry" the vise of a Canadian Immigration Officer stationed
on the continent of Europe.
3. That the passport of any alien immigrant not included
in No. (2) of this regulation, shall carry the vise of a British
Diplomatic or Consular Officer. 50
IMMIGRATION RULES
Rule 1—Primary Inspection
1. Examination: Every immigrant, passenger, or other person, seeking to
enter or land in Canada must be examined in accordance with the provisions of
Section 33. There are three main divisions covered by the statute: (a) Immigrants (s.s. (g), Sec. 2); (b) Non-Immigrants (s.s. (g), Sec. 2); (c) Prohibited
persons (Sec. 3). "Land," "landed" or "landing," as applied to passengers
or immigrants means their lawful admission into Canada by an officer, otherwise than for a temporary purpose. " Entry " is a term applied to the admission of persons as " non-immigrants " or for other temporary purpose provided
by the Act.  .
2. Every person seeking to land in Canada must satisfy the examining
officer either by oral or documentary evidence that he can comply with the
provisions of the Immigration Act, and every person seeking to enter Canada
must satisfy the examining officer in the same manner that he is a nonimmigrant as denned by Section 2, s.s. (g).
3. Every immigrant, passenger, or other person, as to whose right to enter
or land the examining officer has any doubt should be detained for further
examination by the Inspector-in-charge or by a Board of Inquiry (s.s. 4,
Sec. 33).
4. Canadian citizens and persons who have Canadian domicile shall be permitted to enter or land in Canada as a matter of right, but in all such cases
the burden of proof of such citizenship or domicile shall rest upon the applicant.
The claims of a Canadian citizen or a person claiming Canadian domicile must
be carefully inquired into and whenever possible referred to the Inspector-in-
charge or to a Board of Inquiry, when there is any doubt in the mind of an
examining officer. In the case of an applicant who does not claim to be a
Canadian citizen or to have Canadian domicile, the examining officer shall
prepare the record as shown by Form 30, and shall give an immediate decision,
but if the evidence is deemed insufficient, the case may be referred to the
Inspector-in-charge or to a Board of Inquiry.
5. Postponement: When it is necessary to treat an immigrant, passenger,
or other person as prescribed by Sec. 34, the decision of the Inspector-in-charge
may be postponed pending the final certificate of the medical examiner but such
person shall not in the meantime be regarded as "landed" within the meaning
of the Immigration Act (Sec. 35).
6. When a dependent member of a family is detained for treatment under
Sec. 34, the head of the family or someone upon whom such person is dependent
shall be kept with such person pending the outcome of the case (s.s. 3, Sec. 34).
Rule 2—Manifests
1. All steamship manifests must be typewritten or printed in the English
language (Sec. 49). For purpose of manifesting, passengers shall be regarded
as falling into one of the following classes: First cabin, intermediate and third
class.
2. Stowaways: Stowaways shall be manifested and produced for inspection
in the same manner as other passengers and the fact that they were stowaways
shall be shown on the manifest.
	
 MM 51
3. When no Surgeon on Board: The certificate (verified before a British
Consul or other officer qualified to administer oaths) of a reputable surgeon
located at the port of embarkation or at the last port of call, in the form appearing on the reverse side of the manifest (or index book) shall be furnished in
compliance with the requirements of Section 49, when no surgeon sails with a
vessel bringing immigrants or other passengers.
4. Changes on Manifest: When a surgeon sails with a vessel and the manifest is verified by such surgeon before an immigration officer at the port of
arrival, any change in the condition of the passenger or other person that has
occurred or developed during the voyage shall be noted jn the manifest before
verification as provided in s.s. 1, Sec. 49.
5. Health Report: In addition to making notations on the manifest specified in paragraph 4, the ship's surgeon (or if no surgeon sails on the ship, the
master) shall furnish the immigration officer-in-charge at the port of entry
with a full report concerning diseases, injuries, births, and deaths, developing
or occurring during the voyage (Sec. 26 and Sec. 49, s.s. j8).
6. Cost of Transportation: Transportation companies shall deliver to the
immigration officer-in-charge at a port of entry, within two days after request
therefore, the original transportation contracts of all rejected immigrants, passengers or other persons whose cases are covered by the provisions of Section
48, and such contracts shall show the exact amounts paid for transportation
from the place in the country whence the passenger, immigrant or other person
was brought, or from the country of his birth or citizenship, to inland point of
destination in Canada.
Rule 3—Evidence
1. Form SO: At border ports, inspectors-in-charge and examining officers
must obtain if possible and insert in said form all the information therein called
for.
2. Officers should exercise great care when adducing testimony in the case
of a person who claims to be a Canadian.citizen or to have Canadian domicile.
Domicile is lost by a person voluntarily residing out of Canada with the present
intention of making his permanent home out of Canada. Evidence should,
therefore, be adduced on the question of the intention or object which the applicant had in view when he left Canada.   The examination should show:
(a) Whether the person was examined at the time of his departure
from Canada, and if so where.
(b) If departure was to the United States what representations were
made at the time of departure from Canada.
(c) Whether the applicant was visiting or earning his livelihood
outside of Canada: if the latter, where and for how long.
(d) Whether he disposed of his home or business in Canada and
whether he voluntarily left his employment or was discharged prior to
his departure from Canada.
(e) What property, furniture, or other effects were left, sold or
otherwise disposed of (1), in Canada or (2) in the United States or elsewhere.
(/) What circumstances induced the applicant to return to Canada.
3. It has been customary to insert in Form 30, as the cause of rejection,
such letters and figures as " P.C. 23," etc., but this information alone is not
.sufficient to enable the Department to intelligently deal with an appeal.    In 4*
the case of a person.who is seeking entry for a temporary purpose, and who is
rejected under P.C. 23; the examining officer should insert A'brief statement in
the space headed " Remarks" in Form 30 showing why such person was presumed to be an immigrant instead of a non-immigrant (Par. (g), Sec. 2).
4. In the case of every person admitted or rejected Form 30 must be
examined by the officer-in-charge, who shall obtain an immediate explanation
if the examining officer has neglected or omitted to obtain complete information
or material evidence and such explanation shall be endorsed on the record and
brought to the attention of the Travelling Inspector.
5. Citizenship: Presumption of loss of domicile may be rebutted by the
documentary evidence prescribed by Section 2, Paragraph (d) iii of the Immigration Act, but in all such cases evidence should be adduced as prescribed by
Paragraphs 1 and 2 hereof.
Rule 4—Appeals
1. Persons to Be Notified of Right of Appeal: An Appeal may be taken to
the Minister against the decision of the Board of Inquiry or officer-in-charge
except as provided by Section 18. Where an appeal may be taken, the immigrant passenger or other person shall be notified of his right thereto and the
fact that he has been so informed shall be entered on Form 30, the minutes of
the Board of Inquiry or other record.
2. Filing Appeals: Any person desiring to appeal may do SO individually
or through any relative, friend, advocate, barrister or solicitor. Where such an
appeal has been taken any further appeal shall be disregarded. Appeals purporting to be filed on behalf of any immigrant passenger or other person, but
without his knowledge or consent previously obtained, may be ignored.
3. Time for Filing Appeals: Appeals must be filed forthwith after rejection. The immigration officer-in-charge may refuse to accept an appeal filed
after the immigrant passenger or other person has been removed from an immigrant station for deportation provided that such person has had a reasonable
opportunity to appeal before removal.
4. Where No Appeal Lies: There shall be no appeal in the case of a person
seeking to land in Canada when the decision is based upon a certificate of the
examining medical officer (Section 18).
5. Forwarding Appeal: The complete record shall be promptly forwarded
to the Department with the views in writing of the immigration officer-in-
charge.   This must be done within 48 hours.
6. Release under Bond or Approved Deposit: Any person arrested and
detained under the provisions of Sec. 33, s.s. 7, or Sec. 42, s.s. 1, or 4, may be
released as provided by Sec. 33, s.s. 11, but this paragraph does not apply to a
person seeking admission at a port of entry to Canada from the United States,
except in the case of a person or organization belonging to the non-immigrant
classes and admitted temporarily as provided by Sec. 33, s.s. 13.
7. Reopening of Cases: Whenever a case is referred back to a Board or
officer-in-charge by the Department in order that additional evidence may be
taken such case is thereby reopened. After the new evidence has been adduced
the Board shall render a new decision in which it may in its discretion reaffirm.
alter or reverse its previous decision. The mere action of referring back a case
under such circumstances is not to be taken as an indication of any disapproval
by the Department of the Board's decision or of what the new decision should be.
	 53
I 8. Requests for Reopening: Whenever, either before or after receipt of a
decision from the Department sustaining or dismissing a decision, the local
officer-in-charge is apprised of new material evidence of such relevancy as, in
his Opinion,' would justify a reconsideration in the interest of the appellant or
the Department, such officer may stay proceedings and make application to the
Department for permission to reopen the case, at the same time briefly stating
the general nature of any new evidence. This action should be taken by letter.
•If, however, the circumstances of the case justify telegraphic action, such telegram should state briefly the ground upon which the application is made. Upon
receipt of the Department's permission to reopen, the Board of Inquiry or officer-
in-charge again acquires full control of the case.
9. Procedure: The hearing in a case reopened before a Board of Inquiry
shall be of the same nature and be subject to the same conditions, limitations
and privileges as an original hearing before such body.
10. Extension: The immigration officer-in-charge may decline in his discretion to grant an extension of time within which to appeal or to delay deportation except on condition that there be deposited a sum of money sufficient to
defray the cost of maintenance during the extension or delay granted.
11. Re-Applying for Admission: Any person rejected or deported only by
reason of inability to comply with the money qualification may subsequently
apply for entry and be admitted if complying with the law (s.s. 4, Sec. 42), but
any person rejected and deported for any other cause is mandatorily excluded
and must obtain the consent of the Minister to enter or land in Canada, provided
that a person rejected under P.C. 23, that is, without proof of citizenship, may,
upon production of such proof, be admitted without the consent of the Minister.
12. When an officer has occasion to submit a telegraphic report on an appeal
the telegram should give a synopsis of the case, e.g»:—
"Tom Jones thirty machinist Russian healthy claims domicile Quebec sixth June twelve Sardinian exit Bridgeburg ninth May nineteen
eighteen rejected because (no evidence domicile) journey."
1 The above telegram would mean "Tom Jones is thirty years of age, a
machinist, birthplace and citizenship Russia, that he is in good health, claims
Canadian domicile, arrived at Quebec 6th June, 1912, ex ss. Sardinian, and
left Canada via Bridgeburg on the 9th May, 1918. After the word ' because'
in the above telegram a short statement should be inserted' giving cause for
rejection, e.g., ' no evidence domicile.' The word ' journey' at the end of the
telegram indicates that the passenger was unable to comply with the non-
continuous journey Order in Council. The word ' monetary' at the end of the
telegram will indicate that the passenger was unable to comply with the money
qualification. Both words inserted at the end of the telegram will show that
the passenger was rejected because he was unable to comply with P.C. 23 and
P.C. 182. If rejected as likely to become a public charge, Sec. 3 (?) should be
inserted, or whatever section or paragraph applies to the case.
Rule 5—Literacy Test
1. Literacy Test: All persons over 15 years of age who are physically
capable of reading except as specified in s.s. (t), Sec. 3, shall be required to
demonstrate their ability to read matter printed in plainly legible type and in
the language or dialect designated by the person at the time of his examination.
2. General Method: When applying the reading test Immigration Officers
shall use the printed and numbered slips supplied by the Department for that
purpose and a record shall be made upon the manifest or board minutes show-
I ; m
ing both the class and serial numbers of the slip used in each case and the
language or dialect designated by the person and actually used in the examination. The same slip shall not be used to test the literacy of consecutive passengers. If the examining inspector is unable to speak and understand the
language or dialect in which the person is examined, the services of an interpreter may be used for interpreting into spoken Engish • as read the printed
matter read by such person, so that the examining inspector may compare such
interpretation with the slip of corresponding serial' number containing the
English translation of the same reading matter.
3. Special Method: If qualified interpreters are not available for the application of the general method, or if by any reason it is not practicable to adopt
the general method, immigration officers shall use specially printed and numbered slips supplied by the Department, the sentences appearing upon which are
instructions to the persons to do several simple acts. The person's response or
failure to respond properly and in proper order to the special method will
constitute a demonstration of whether or not he is able to read the prescribed
number of words printed upon the slip provided for the special method.
4. Exemptions: The operation of the literacy test shall not apply to—
(1) Persons under 15 years of age.
(2) Persons over 15 years of age who are physically incapable of
reading (e.g. the blind or dumb).
(3) Father or grandfather over fifty-five years of age, wife, mother,
grandmother, unmarried or widowed daughter (if otherwise admissible),
of any admissible person or any person heretofore or hereafter legally
admitted, or any citizen of Canada.
(4) Canadian citizens and persons who have Canadian domicile.
(5) Persons in transit through Canada.
(6) Such persons or classes of persons as may from time to time be
approved by the Minister.
(7) Immigrants landed in Canada who later go in transit through,
or for a temporary purpose to, foreign contiguous territory. The period
an immigrant may remain in foreign contiguous territory and return to
Canada, without complying with the literacy test,.shall be limited to 60
days.
Rule 6—Passports '
1. The Passport shall be stamped by the examining officer who admits the
immigrant, passenger or other person, the stamp showing the name of port and
date of entry. Passports held by persons entered at United States ocean ports
but not there examined by Canadian officers shall be stamped by the examining
officer on the International Boundary.
2. The Passport of a person rejected shall also be stamped by the examining
officer and the stamp shall show the date and port and the cause of rejection,
such cause to be indicated by reference to Section or Order in Council (e.g.,
P.C. 23, or s.s. (d) Sec. 3).
Rule 7—Canadian-Bound Passengers Arriving-^t U.S. Ports
1. Manifests: All transportation companies, masters, owners, or agents -qf
vessels bringing to U.S. ports immigrants, passengers or : other persons bound
for Canada shall furnish the Canadian immigration officer, if any, at sucSr port
with a complete manifest of all persons destined to Canada; manifests to be
such as are now required by law of vessels bringing immigrants, passengers, or
other persons to tJanadian ocean ports.
^^^^^^^^^ 55
2. Third class or steerage passengers whose names appear upon steamship
manifests as bound for Canada via Portland, Me., Boston, Mass., New York and
San Francisco, shall be examined at such ports and if admitted each immigrant
shall be furnished with a card, officially stamped and initialled by the Canadian
Immigration Officers at the ports mentioned. This card will entitle the person
named thereon to enter Canada without examination on the International
Boundary except for the purpose of identification. A border inspector should
not summarily refuse admission to a person in possession of a card properly
stamped and initialled but where circumstances require it the inspector may
detain the person pending verification.
3. If a third class or steerage passenger appears at the border without an
inspection card or with a card not properly stamped or initialled it may be
fairly concluded that (c) such person was refused admission to Canada by the
Canadian Immigration Inspector at a port mentioned in the preceding paragraph but subsequently admitted to the United States; or (6) that such person
evaded inspection by Canadian Immigration Inspectors at ports mentioned but
applied for admission only to the United States, expecting to subsequently secure
entry to Canada at a border port.
4. When the immigrant whose name appears on one of these cards has been
admitted at the boundary the card should be stamped by the border inspector
to avoid the possibility of trafficking in such cards.
5. First and second cabin passengers may apply to the Canadian Immigration Inspector at Boston, Portland, New York and San Francisco for admission to Canada, and if their ship's card is properly stamped and signed they
will be admitted at the port of entry on the International Boundary without
examination. Provided that in the case of a person arriving at a United States
Atlantic port j the ship card is presented within three days—from the date
stamped thereon—in the Eastern District; five days in the Western Distrtet
and seven days in the Pacific District, and in the case of a person arriving at a
United States Pacific port the ship card is presented within three days in the
Pacific District, five days in the Western District, and seven days in the Eastern
District, but if the passenger described is not examined at the United States
ocean port, or if he does not present his ship's card within the period mentioned,
he will be examined by the Canadian Immigration Inspector at the border port
of entry.
Rule 8—Passengers in Transit and Tourists. >nd Travellers
Entjebing as Non-Immigrants
Every person' seeking entry to Canada for any purpose must be examined
by an Immigration Officer;
1. Persons belonging to any of the classes described in Sec. 3 of the Act
and who are proceeding directly through Canada may be dealt with as follows:
(a) Classes described in s.s. (a) shall be allowed transit privileges
only if accompanied by responsible escort.
(b) Classes described in s.s. c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, I, and m may be
allowed transit privileges with or without the deposit of money in the
discretion of the Immigration Officer (s.s. 13, Sec. 33).
(c) Classes described in 6, n, o, q, r, and s should not be granted
transit privileges.
2. Persons entering Canada for a temporary purpose, but not necessarily
proceeding directly through Canada may be dealt with as follows:
(a) Persons belonging to the non-immigrant classes described in
Sec. 2, Paragraph (g), (i), (ii), (iii) and (vii) may be admitted temporarily upon production of oral or documentary evidence satisfactory
to the Officer-in-charge. 56
(b) Tourists and travellers may be temporarily admitted upon production of oral or documentary evidence satisfactory to the Officer-in-
charge, and with or without cash deposit in the discretion of such officer.
(c) Students entering to attend a university or college authorized
by statute to confer degrees may be admitted upon production of evidence
satisfactory to the examining inspector. Students entering to attend a
high school or collegiate institute may be admitted only if the Minister
recognizes such institution for the purpose of the Act.
(d) Persons or organizations described in the first clause of subparagraph (vi) may be admitted temporarily with or without cash deposit
in the discretion of the Officer-in-charge (s.s. 13, Sec. 33) and with or
without being manifested as the Department may from time to time
require. £L;
Rule 9—Administrative Fines
The term " administrative fines " is used to indicate the sums of money
which may be collected by an Immigration Officer-in-charge at an ocean port
of entry as provided by Sections 48 and 52.
1. Medical Certificate: Whenever an immigrant or seaman is found to be
afflicted with any of the diseases or disabilities mentioned in Sections 48 and
52, and in the judgment of the medical examiner such disease or disability
existed at the time of embarkation and might have been detected by means of
a competent medical examination at such time, he shall so certify.
2. Notice: (a) Upon receipt of the certificate described in paragraph (1)
hereof in cases of immigrants afflicted with any of the physical or mental
afflictions or defects mentioned in Sections 48 and 52, or
(b) Upon becoming satisfied that there has been a refusal or failure to
deliver accurate and full manifests, statements or information regarding seamen brought into or carried out of Canada in violation of Section 52.
(c) Whenever there has been any refusal or failure by the master, agent,
owner or consignee of the vessel to defray any of the expenses specified in
Sections 48 and 52.
(d) Upon becoming satisfied that there has been a failure of the transportation company, owner, consignee, or master of any vessel to furnish a list of
arriving, illegally landing, departing, discharged, deserted, or landed seamen
required by Section 52: the Inspector-in-charge shall serve promptly upon the
master, agent, owner, or consignee of the vessel, or other responsible person, a
notice to the effect that the ascertained facts indicate that a fine should be
imposed under the section of the law involved in the particular case; that he
will be allowed 60 days from the date of service of the notice within which to
submit evidence and be heard in reference to the matter; and that in the meantime the vessel on which the person arrived will be granted clearance papers
upon condition that he deposit with the Inspector-in-charge, prior to the time
of sailing, a sum equal to the fine specified in the said notice, such sum to be
held as security for the payment of the fine in the event it should be imposed
and in cases arising under Section 48, a sum equal to that paid by the person
concerned for his transportation to Canada from the initial point of departure,
such latter sum to be held by the Inspector-in-charge in a special deposit and
to be delivered to the person when deported, through the Immigration Officer-
in-charge at the port.
A        ■ —- —z Eft
g
3. Service of Notice: Such notice shall be prepared in triplicate. The
original shall be served on the transportation company, master, agent, owner,
or consignee of the vessel either by
(a) delivering it to him in person, or
(b) leaving it at his office, or, whenever the Immigration Officer-taM
charge finds either of these methods of service impracticable,
(c) mailing it to him.
When service is made by delivery it shall be admitted in writing upon the
duplicate and triplicate and the admission witnessed by the server. If admission be refused or in case of service by either of the other methods, the server
shall note the method and date of service on the duplicate and triplicate. The
duplicate shall then be fcetained by the Immigration Officer-in-charge. The
triplicate shall be mailed to the Division Commissioner of Immigration for
transmission to the Department.
4. Evidence and Report: If the deposit be made, further proceedings shall
be suspended during said period of 60 days or until earlier submission of evidence to show why the fine should not be imposed. The Immigration Officer-in-
charge shall then submit a report embodying his views on whatever evidence
may have been submitted as to whether the fine should be imposed, and should
attach to his report the evidence which may have been submitted, the medical
certificate, the duplicate notice and the data or evidence on which the notice
was based. If within 60 days no evidence has been submitted, or as soon as it
is known that the fine will not be contested, the Officer-in-charge shall report
the facts to the Division Commissioner of Immigration, who shall transmit the
record to the Department.
5. Remission or Mitigation of Fine: The fine prescribed by Section 52 for
bringing to Canadian ports as employees of Vessels, seamen or other employees
afflicted with idiocy, feeble-mindedness, imbecility, insanity, epilepsy, or with
any loathsome disease or with any disease which is contagious or infectious or
Which may become dangerous to the public health will be mitigated or remitted
by the Department only upon clear and convincing proof to the effect that the
imposition of the full penalty or of any part thereof would be unjust or inequitable under the circumstances of the particular case, including the submission
of satisfactory evidence that the seamen were subjected to a competent medical
examination before being signed up as members of the crew.
6. Action on Decision: If the fine is imposed, the amount retained as
security shall be deposited and accounted for by the Inspector-in-charge. If
the fine is not imposed he shall make a refund of the amount so collected.
Rule 10—Rejections and Deportations
" Rejection " is a term applied to the exclusion by an Immigration Officer
of a person seeking to enter or land in Canada.
''Deportation " is a term applied to the removal under the authority of
the Act of a person (a) who has been rejected at port of entry (s.s. (q), Sec. 2),
or (b) after such person has entered Canada (s.s. (r), sec. 2). Deportation
of a person who has entered Canada must be brought about on one or other
of three general grounds, (a) because such person belonged to a prohibited
elass at the time of entry, (b) because of something connected with the entry
(s.s. 7. Sec. 33), or (c) for some cause arising subsequent to entry (s.s. 10, Sec.
33, Sees! 40, 41 and 42). In every inquiry the examining officer should be Careful to adduce evidence showing clearly under which of the above divisions
deportation is being ordered.
■M^— 5fc
augl- Causes-:   The causes for deportation are prescribed by Sections % 33,
40, 41 and the OrdersJjn Council, made under the authority of Sections 37 and 38,
2. Illegal Entry: Any officer may take 8fmnhary action under s.s. 7, Sec.
33, in the case of any person whds^otnes within the scope of that section. Such
person has the right of Appeal from the decision of the Board of Inquiry or
Officer-in-charge (except as provided-by Section lSJj and the appeal shall be
made as provided by Section 19, except that the deposit ,qf_ ■ $20- is not required
when the appellant, remains outside of Canada. If the person so arrested and
examined is admitted, the Inspector-in-charge shall forward a report of the
circumstances of the case.
3. Causes Subsequent to Entry: No person against whom a complaint is
made in accordance with the provisions of Sections 40 and 41 may be arrested
for examination and investigation except by written order of the Minister. The
arrest may be made by any officer but the examination and investigation of the
facts shall be made only by a Board of Inquiry or officer acting as such. When
a complaint is made against any person who resides at a port of entry, the
examination and investigation shall be made by a Board of Inquiry or officer
acting as such, at such port. When a complaint is made against any person
who is not located at a port of entry, the examination and investigation of the
facts shall be made by an officer who has authority to exercise the powers and
discharge the duties of a Board of Inquiry at any place in Canada other than
a port of entry.
JjL When the person against whom a complaint is made is an inmate of a
penitentiary, gaol, reformatory or prison the procedure for detention is pre-*
scribed by Section 43.
5. Deportation Warrant: Upon the receipt of the record and the report
of the Board of Inquiry or officer acting as such, the Deputy Minister shall
issue the warrant prescribed by Section 43 unless an appeal is taken to the.
Minister, but if the appeal is dismissed the warrant of the Deputy Minister
shall then be issued as prescribed by Section 43.
6. An order for detention may also be issued by any Board of Inquiry or
officer acting as such under the provisions of Section 11.
7. The Board of Inquiry or officer acting as such shall follow the procedure
prescribed by Sections 13 to 24, both inclusive.
8. Pending the final disposition of the case of any person detained or
taken into custody for any cause, such person may be released under satisfactory bond or deposit of money to any amount approved by an officer-in-charge.
Rule 11—Arrests
. Arrests may be made on two general grounds:
(a) Arrest may be made without a warrant by any Immigration
Officer for a suspected offence connected with entry, (s.s. 7, Sec. 33, and
s.s. 4, Sec. 42).
(b) Arrest in all other cases must be made by order of the Minister
(s.s. .J, Sec. 42).
Rule 12—Hospital Treatment
1. A passenger or other person who is suffering from sickness or physical
or mental disability and. who has been rejected or detained at an ocean port
may be afforded medical treatment as prescribed by Sec. 34.
ii-i— sr
2. No immigrant shall be treated for any of the diseases specified in Sec. 3,
s.s. (b) unless the medical examiner is satisfied that such immigrant was free
from the disease when leaving his point of origin to commence the journey to
Canada; that the disease was contracted or developed during the journey and
that it can be completely and permanently cured within a reasonably short
space of time.
3. Cost of Treatment: Section 34 provides for treatment of a passenger or
other person who is rejected or detained for any purpose under the provisions
of the Immigration Act and who is suffering from (a) sickness or (b) physical
or mental disability.
4. Pending the departure of a vessel any person employed on such vessel
who is afflicted with any of the diseases specified in s.s. 4, Sec. 52, shall be
detained and treated in accordance with the provisions of the said section.
Rule 13—Administrative Districts
For convenience in enforcing the Immigration Laws, the territory within
which Immigration Officers are located is divided into districts under the jurisdiction of Division Commissioners of Immigration with headquarters as
follows:—
District
Location
Extent of District
Eastern
Western
Facile
Ottawa, The  Maritime Provinces, Quebec and  that
Ontario part of the Province of Ontario lying east of
longitude 87 west. The Division Commissioner
for the Eastern District has jurisdiction over all
officers of the Department who inspect Canadian-
bound passengers arriving at ports of entry on
the Atlantic Seaboard in the United States.
Winnipeg, That part of the Province of Ontario lying
Manitoba west of longitude 87 west, all of the Provinces
of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, and
that part of the Province of British Columbia
lying east of longitude 116-15 west, and the
Northwest Territories.
Vancouver, That part of the Province of British Colum-
B.C. bia lying west of longitude 116-15 west and the
Yukon Territory. The Division Commissionner for
the Pacific District has jurisdiction over all officers
of the Department^ who inspect Canadian-
bound passengers arriving at ports of entry on
the Pacific Seaboard in the United States.

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