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The Chung Collection

Mount Sir Donald station and hotel at the great glacier of the Selkirks, British Columbia, on the Canadian… [unknown] 1899

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AUGUST 3, 1889.
was almost as open as in England under George
the Third. The party machine which is built upon
bribery in the form of patronage was. never more
effective and absolute than in the same State. Corruption was evidently general, acknowledged, and
half condoned when a Vice-President of the United
States could allude at a public dinner and in a bantering strain to success at the polls achieved by the
liberal use of money. This is a much more serious
sign of the political times than the suppression of the
colored vote. The sordid corruption of the popular
vote by money is as alarming a symptom of our condition as can be imagined, because it is a loss of moral
There are many reasons to be mentioned in explanation of this situation, but the chief and prolific
source of the corrupt use of money at elections and
of the numbness of the public mind in regard to it is
the prostitution of the official patronage of the government into a huge fund to pay for services which
are the simple duty of every good citizen. When a
President turns out an honest and efficient public
servant in order to lay hands upon his salary to reward a man, not because he is especially fit, but because he worked hard to secure his benefactor the
Presidency, he teaches that money is to be justly expected for doing a political duty. If Jacob Sharp
had reasoned, lie would have said that if a man
might properly bestow the public money upon his
relations, or use it to reward other men who had
done him a service, it could not be very wrong for
him, Sharp, to reward with his own money a man
who was willing for that consideration to do him a
service. If it is proper that great manufacturers to
advance their interests should contribute large sums
of money to buy votes—for that is what they know
they are doing—how is Jacob Sharp a sinner for promoting his own interests in the same way ? It is not
surprising that if we justify bribery in one way we
should condone it in another. But it is manifestly
unjust that McQuade should go free, and Jaehne
and O'Neil lie in prison.
Republicanism is to be introduced into Virginia under
the auspices of Mr. Quay, chairman of the National Committee, whom the Philadelphia Press and the New York
Tribune have described as a gentleman whose conduct puts
his party upon the defensive, Mr. Clarkson, the Assistant
Postmaster-General, who is treating the post-offices .as mere
party spoils, and Mr. Dudley, whose letter advising that
voters should be voted in blocks of five, has not yet been
disclaimed. The executive Republican agent of these gentlemen is General Maiione, a gentleman belonging to a
class against which these gentlemen warn the country as
"Confederate brigadiers," who must be kept out of the
saddle at all costs. General Mahone's political career is
also more familiar than reputable.
These gentlemen represent political corruption in its two
most common forms, bribery by patronage and bribery by
purchase. In speaking of Sir Robert Walpole, Carlyle
says that the latter is the franker and the other the deadlier form. In 1856, when Mr. Underwood carried Republicanism into Virginia, it was of a different kind from that
of Messrs. Quay, Maiione, Clarkson, and Dudley. It
asserted certain great and fundamental principles, and
appealed to the conscience and the common-sense of the
people. It had little response in Virginia, but no Republican was ashamed of the appeal.
There are plenty of Republicans to-day who hold the
same principles, and who desire only honest methods of
government. But they would not say that Messrs. Quay,
Clarkson, and Dudley are known representatives or advocates of those principles, or that they think Mr. Clarkson is carrying out the Republican platform in despoiling
post-offices, or Mr. Dudley enforcing an honest ballot by
marshalling blocks of five. Such Republicans could not
allege that these gentlemen are merely individuals, and
that delinquents will be found in every party, because they
are the chosen and accepted official agents of the party.
Neither can they declare in general that parties are essential in a republic, and that men of robust and masculine
minds always attach themselves to parties, because robust
and masculine minds are always opposed to bribery of
-every kind, and aim at honest government by honest means.
The better sentiment of South Carolina evidently responds to the amazement of the rest of the country at the
M.Dow verdict. It is disavowed by many of the leading
papers, by the pulpit, and by many citizens, and it is represented as an exceptional incident significant only of a
feeling of race. This explanation, however, is very significant of a bitterness of race feeling which is sometimes denied. The colored people are described as seeing
in Colonel Dawson not the defender of a friendless girl
against the worst of personal wrongs, but merely the deviser of some of the ingenious methods by which colored
citizens are deprived of political rights.
If this be true, it is plain that they are strongly attached
to those rights and warmly resent the deprivation of them,
and the incident forcibly illustrates the social situation.
The South Carolina Medical Society at a special meeting
has expelled Dr. McDow, alleging that by his own confession he has been proved guilty of immoral, unprofessional,
and ungentlemanly conduct, and after due notification had
failed to appear and explain. This is the ban that should
be pronounced by all honorable men. But it is certainly
a startling fact, if we may believe abundant assertion, that
half of the population of South Carolina do not recognize
AlcDow's confessed conduct as criminal, and gladly disre-
gard oaths and evidence and law in order to show satisfaction in the death of an opponent.
A single murderer is of small account. But such a social
condition is of the utmost importance. Despite the disclaimers from South Carolina of any general light feeling
in regard to taking life, some letters which have been published reveal a singular state of mind. One correspondent,
who signs himself " A Southern Parson," justifies murder
or "lynching" as a penalty for the accomplishment of
McDow's contemplated offence, not, however, for McDow,
but for colored offenders of the same kind, on the ground
that practically they are barbarians. We do not argue the
question. It is enough to state the fact to show that there
is a Southern question of the very gravest character which
is not to be answered by ignoring it, or by alleging that it
is none of our business.
The Common Council of Newburgh have unanimously
decided to call the park in that city Downing Park, and
Messrs. Vaux & Olmsted, the former of whom was a pupil
of A. J. Downing, have very generously offered to furnish
plans and designs for the work. This action is very honorable to the authorities of Newburgh, and shows a line
sense of fitness. For whatever valid reasons might have
been urged for the selection of another name, the fact that
the earliest recognized authority upon landscape gardening in this country was a native and resident of Newburgh,
and that his brother, also a native and resident, was an
eminent horticulturist, was conclusive.
We can easily understand, however, that there may have
been a strong pressure of many applicants for the honor;
and the Common Council is the more to be congratulated
that, after full and fair deliberation, it reached with unanimity a decision which will be universally accepted as the
best. No man in the country did more to stimulate ami
educate the taste for rural art than Downing, and his
works are still valuable manuals. His interest and enthusiasm in the pursuit were constant and inspiring, and the
respect paid by his native city to his memory and his work
is honorable to both.
The interest and value of the park will be greatly enhanced by the co-operation of the distinguished artists
whose regard for Downing has led them to offer their aid.
This is an act which secures to the park the benefit of the
best skill, and Newburgh will have the satisfaction of possessing in her pleasure-ground not only a memorial of her
distinguished son, but a work of his most eminent successors in the same noble and beautiful art. It will be truly
a labor of love.
The debate in Parliament on the committee report recommending the addition of $180,000 to the annual allowance paid to the Prince of Wales, and maintaining that the
Queen has .the right to ask for public provision for her
grandchildren, brings the matter of royal grants prominently to the attention of the British tax-payer. The immediate causes of the agitation of the subject are the approaching marriage of the Princess Louise of Wales and
the proposition that Prince Albert Victor, now twenty-five
years old, should have an establishment of his own. It is
represented that if the Prince of Wales is to be looked to
for the appropriate support of his grown sons and daughters, he should be supplied with the funds needed to furnish it.
According to Mr. Labouchere, royalty is a luxury which
the United Kingdom indulges in at au unnecessary yearly
expense of $3,500,000. The Queen has a direct annual grant
of $1,925,000, and a large sum from the revenues of the
Duchy of Lancaster, which in 1887 amounted to $250,000.
She has the income from a great private fortune besides.
The Prince of Wales draws $200,000 from the Treasury,
and more than that from the Duchy of Cornwall. From
the latter source in 1887 some $300,000 was paid to him.
His wile receives from the government $50,000—the salary
of the President of the United States. The Queen's second
son, the Duke of Edinburgh, is paid $125,000; and her third
son, the Duke of Connaught, a similar annuity. The widow
of her youngest son, the Duke of Albany, has a stipend of
$30,000. The Queen's eldest daughter, the Princess Victoria, who afterward became Empress of Germany, was
granted ou her marriage $40,000 a year. Her other daughters, the Princesses Helena, Louise, and Beatrice, draw
$30,000 each. Au aggregate of $250,000 more is annually
paid to relatives of the Queeu outside of her immediate
It is evident from the opposition made to the last grant,
which was to the Princess Beatrice on her marriage to
Henry of Battenberg, and from the character of the present discussion, that this species of governmental liberality
is coming to an end.
Colonel North, who not so many years ago was a machinist in
the north of England, but is now known as " the Chilian nitrate
king," pays the Chilian government $1,725,000 a year in export
duties on nitrate of soda produced at one of his works. He is
building a magnificent country-seat near London, England.
—Miss Caroline Fitzgerald, of this city, whose engagement to
Lord Edward Fitzmaurice, the younger brother of the Marquis of
Lansdowne, has been announced by cabb, is only twenty-one years
old, but is a fine classical scholar and a clever linguist. She studied
Sanscrit under Professor Whiting, of Yale College, and has published a book of poems. A large fortune in her own right has
enabled her to fully gratify her taste for study and travel.
—The late S. L. M. Barlow left an estate of about $2,000,000,
largely accumulated in his law practice.
—The greatest land-owner in this State, George Clarke, died
recently at Richfield Springs, in the sixty-eighth year of his age.
He inherited a large landed property, much of which had descended from his great-grandfather, who, as colonial Governor of New
York in 1740, had received a crown grant of about sixty thousand
acres of land in Otsego, Montgomery, Oneida, Greene, and Dutchess
counties, and it was his ruling passion to acquire real estate. At
one time he owned over fifty thousand acres, but the unbridled
gratification of his whim led him to financial disaster, and when
he died his affaire were badly involved. Mr. Clarke always dressed
in a faded overcoat and ragged clothing, and prided himself on his
shabby appearance, but his under-clothing was of the finest silk.
—Harvard College conferred an LL.D. on President Patton, of
Princeton College, at her last Commencement, but by some oversight the fact was not made public at the time.
—Lord Fife, the Scottish nobleman who is to marry the Princess
Louise of Wales, Queen Victoria's granddaughter, has a rent roll
of from $300,000 to $400,000 a year, and has also $2,000,000 invested in a London banking firm. He is a popular landlord, and
possesses plenty of common-sense. He sees no reason why the
people should be taxed for the support of his wife, and offered to
settle on her a sum the interest of which would equal any grant
Parliament would make, but for some reason his offer was not
—Lord Salisbury keeps about seventy in-door servants, the
best paid of whom, the house steward, receives only $1000. His
butler commands $750, and his two French cooks only $500 each.
He also has at Hatfield, his London residence, a head-gardener
with twenty-five assistants, and a forester who has twenty men
under him. In all, the Marquis's yearly expenditure is about
—Rev. Dr. Thomas Armitage, who has just resigned the pastorate of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church, is one of the most prominent of the ministers of his denomination, and a commanding
figure among the general body of clergymen in this city. He was
born in Yorkshire in 1819, began preaching at sixteen, and came
to this country as a Methodist in 1838. Ten years later he became pastor of the Norfolk Street Baptist Church, and remained
with it when, in 1859, it was moved to its present site on Fifth
—John II. Hewitt, of Baltimore, Maryland, who is known as
"the father of the American ballad," and has composed over two
hundred songs, recently celebrated his eighty-eighth birthday. He
has lived in Baltimore for over sixty years, and the oratorio
3tphthatis Daughter is his most ambitious production.
'—A nephew of the poet Browning, Francis Browning Owen,
who has practised law in Detroit for some time, but has been prevented from meeting success by his love for liquor, has finally
been converted, and has turned evangelist. Uo is said to be a
writer of creditable verse.
—The Archduchess Stephanie, widow of Crown Prince Rudolph, will soon leave Austria, as there is now no longer a possibility of the birth of a posthumous heir to the throne. The
Emperor Frajscis Joseph has made a splendid provision for her.
—A life nearly one hundred and twenty-one years long gives
Nazy Ferencz, of Bares, Hungary, a very fair claim to being the
oldest man in the world. He attended the funeral of Queen
Maria Theresa, one hundred and nine years ago, and has quite
vivid recollections of the occasion. For twenty years he fought in
the Austrian army, and at different times saw Napoleon, Blucher,
and other great generals of the day.
—Andrew Jackson Coffee, of San Francisco, is a nephew of
the hero of New Orleans, and owns his sword and a number of
other interesting family relics.
—Charlotte Stark, a granddaughter of General John Stark,
of Revolutionary fame, and a lady of the old school, the fame of
whose hospitality has extended far beyond the borders of her
.State, has recently died at Dunbarton, New Hampshire, at the ripe
age of eighty-nine.
—George Loring Brown, a well-known landscape painter, died
recently at his home in Maiden, Massachusetts, at the age of seventy-five years. Among his best known pictures is " The Bay of
New York," which was presented to the Prince of Wales by a
number of New York men as a memento of his visit to this country.
—Governor Ladd, of Rhode Island, is to give Brown University an observatory as a memorial to his wife. The building will
cost from $25,000 to $30,000, and will be equipped with the best
of modern instruments.
—The deaths of Mrs. Hayes and Mrs. Tyler narrow the circle
of former ladies of the White House to six. They are Mrs. James
K. Polk, Harriet Lane Johnson, Mrs. Grant, Mrs. Garfield, Mrs.
McElroy, and Mrs. Cleveland.
—Senators Cameron and Butler, unlike in almost all their characteristics, are the David and Jonathan of the United States Senate. The Pennsylvanian is a Republican, a man of the people,
plain in manners, and very rich, while the South-Carolinian is a
Democrat, blue-blooded, of elegant breeding, and broken in fortune.    Yet the two men are almost inseparable.
—The substitution of a handsome two-cent stamp for the present
aquamarine apparition of the Post-office Department will be one
of the most popular acts of Mr. Wanamaker's administration.
The new stamp will be either carmine or metallic red in color, and
it may be made smaller than the one now in use, both for economy
and convenience. •
—The new librarian of Columbia College, Professor George
Hall Baker, was graduated from Amherst College in 1874, and
afterward studied in Germany. He is only thirty-nine years old,
but has been a successful and persistent student of bibliography,
and has been associated with the Columbia Library since 1883.
—Captain Frederick Watkins, the commodore of the luman
Line fleet, and now commander of the ocean racer the City of
Paiis, is fifty-one years old. He has commanded Inman steamers
for the past twenty years. He was the son of a British army officer, but went to sea when thirteen years old, and had become an
officer at twenty-two.
—Adolf Sutro; who is to give San Francisco a great public
library building and partly fill it wilh two hundred thousand volumes of his own, is now travelling in Elurope gathering plans and
ideas for his project.
—In the quiet life which Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe leads at
her home in Hartford she is greatly entertained by five pets—two
pugs and three cats, Bosco, a big tortoise-shell puss, being her
special favorite.
—A curious story is told of how Chief-Justice Fuller and his
family were driven from the Congregational to the Episcopal fold
by a dance when they lived in Augusta, Maine. In 1840, when
Nathan Weston, Mr. Fuller's father-in-law, was Chief-Justice of
Maine, a young ladies' sewing circle was held at the Weston
house, and Mrs. Fuller played the piano for the dancing that followed the sewing, her brother accompanying her on a violin.
This ungodly innovation stirred up such a rumpus in the Congregational church that the Weston and Fuller families went over
to the Episcopalians.
—General William Seward lives at the Seward homestead in
Auburn, New York, and uses the desk at which his father, Secretary Seward, wrote many of his speeches. The library is filled
with many mementos of the statesman.
—A jilting which Zebulon Hancox, of Stonington, Connecticut,
received many years ago made him a miser and a recluse. Ever
since then he has lived alone in a hut, wearing outlandish clothing, and gaining his living by fishing. One of his peculiarities is
to never buy anything that he can make, and the buttons on his
clothes, the spear with which he catches eels, and the scales on
which the fish are weighed are of his own manufacture. At the
age of seventy-nine he has solved the problem of living on $20 a
year, and has $10,000 in the bank, while he has built nine u,.od
houses, which he rents.


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