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Canadian Pacific Hotels Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1919

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CANADIAN Pacific Hotels from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific set the standard for hotel accommodation
in Canada. Each is distinctive in appointment and style, each has the same superb Canadian Pacific service.
There are fifteen fine hotels in the system. Nine of them, at strategic points on the main trans-continental railway line,
are open all the year; six others—including four in the wonderful Canadian Pacific Rockies—in summer only„
Any C.P.R. passenger agent will furnishjmrticulars ; or write
Manager-in Chief, Hotel System
Passenger Traffic Manager
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The Montreal Standard Publishing Co. Limited Work of Canada Food Board
is a Revelation of Excellence
Story of How the Dominion Helped to Feed the Allies and Kept the "Wolf from the Door" of the Civil Populations of
Britain, France and Italy.   History will Record How Largely "Food Has Won the War!"
WHAT has Canada done in food control? Has
the Dominion done as well as other countries
in this class of war measure ?
The answer is a revelation. Taking into consideration the trifling disturbance of our ordinary domestic
peace-time trade conditions, Canada's assistance in
the supply of foodstuffs is one of her greatest achievements. It will be one of her greatest glories when
history reviews the war. There has not been a case
of hardship from Cape Breton to the Yukon. There
have been inconveniences, of course; nothing more.
Some measure of the enormous size of the problem
which has had to be overcome is given in the following
table of the value of foodstuffs exported since the
war began:
For fiscal year 1914-15 $187,011,300
For fiscal year 1915-16  332,455,900
For fiscal year 1916-17  482,619,400
For fiscal year 1917-18 .. /  710,619,400
The value of the three chief subdivisions of these
food products for three years shows a growth which
will have a permanent after-the-war effect upon the
prosperity of the country, and its development. The
periods given are for the twelve months ending September in each year.
Year 1916—
Fisheries  $23,274,772
Animal Products  111,331,332
Agricultural Products  396,455,537
'   Total $531,061,641
Year 1917—
Fisheries  $24,993,156
Animal Products  157,415,287
Agricultural Products  427,927,335
Total  $610,335,778
Year 1918—
Fisheries  $33,670,846
Animal Products  163,488,362
Agricultural Products  440,744,430
Total $637,903,638
How has this effort of the Dominion to aid the Allies
been received? Nothing perhaps is more eloquent than
a letter received in November by the Prime Minister
from the Earl of Crawford, who has charge of the
Wheat and Flour Department under the British
Ministry of Food for all the Allies. He speaks especially
of "the assistance which the Canada Food Board gave
to promote the strength and unity from which the
Allies  have  derived  such  marked  benefits."
Food measures in the Dominion have advanced
a long, long way since the first step was taken on
June 16, 1917, when an Order-in-Council under the
War Measures Act, 1914, authorized the creation of
the post of Food Controller. On June 21st, the
Honourable W. J. Hanna, K.C., Toronto, was appointed Food Controller, and retained the post until
January 24, 1918, when he resigned and was succeeded
by Mr. Henry B. Thomson, who had been for several
months assisting the Food Controller. On February
11 a change in designation and form of the authority
was made. The Canada Food Board was created
and vested with all the powers of the Food Controller. The new Board was directed to report to the
Governor General in Council through the Minister
of Agriculture—the natural outcome of the recognition that food production would form a large part
of Canada's war contribution. The personnel ofthe
Board nominated and the assignment of duties were
as  follows:
I   Chairman of the Board and Director of Food Conservation—Mr. Henry B. Thomson;
Director of Food Production—The Hon. Chas. A.
Dunning, M.P.P., Regina;
Director  of  Agricultural   Labour — Mr.  J. D.
McGregor, Brandon;
Secretary—Mr. S. E. Todd.
Chairman—Canada Food Board
For the first six months the Food Controller's work
involved detailed studies of the sources of supply
and stocks of food. The public had to be instructed
in the necessity for patriotic carefulness in food. For
this 1,000,000 voluntary pledge cards were circulated.
The first compulsory measure was taken in August,
1917, when restrictions were tentatively placed on
the serving of beef and bacon in public eating places.
From this point of departure there was an ever-
widening extension of the system, which secured to the
Board effective control of practically all the food
existent and in prospect in Canada. Enormous savings
were made in home methods. Waste was largely
eliminated. Wheat, flour, beef and pork, the chief
food staples, were guided in their path to the consumer, so that none should remain needlessly in
storage. The result was that a sufficiency of food
was always found in our domestic markets and the
surplus was made available for export. This has been
clearly kept in view as the chief aim of the Canada
Food   Board.
The following table gives latest figures compiled
this fall, and shows how largely Canadian crop areas,
thanks to the vigorous " Greater Production Campaign" carried on by the Food Board since last March,
have increased over those of a year ago; and those were
far in advance of the areas in pre-war times.
1917 1918
acres acres
Wheat  14,755,850 17,353,902
Oats  13,313,400 14,790,330
Barley  2,392,200 3,153,811
Rye  211,880 555,294
Peas  198,881 235,976
Beans  92,457 228,577
Buckwheat  395,977 548,097
Flax  919,500 921,826
Mixed Grains  497,236 1,068,120
Corn for
husking  234,339 250,000
The three main crops, by provinces, were:—
1917 1918
P. E. 1           99,750 187,200
N. S          118,800 335,600
N. B           39,600 178,200
Quebec       3,063,600 4,635,100
Ontario     11,191,000 23,114,100
Manitoba     15,930,000 31,986,000
Saskatchewan    14,067,900 14,160,700
Alberta     10,386,200 8,461,200
B. C          160,900 204,100
55,057,750 83,262,200
1917 1918
P. E. 1       6,482,300 7,171,000
N. S      3,597,800 5,438,800
N. B       4,275,000 7,855,500
Quebec     32,466,200 56,732,100
Ontario     98,075,500 116,987,700
Manitoba     45,375,000 63,451,000
Saskatchewan 123,213,600 134,689,500
Alberta     86,288,600 62,974,300
B. C      3,235,800 1,443,000
Total  403,009,800 456,733,900
1917 1918
P. E. I	
N. S  4,500 10,200
N. B  7,200
Quebec  376,000        544,900
Ontario       1,207,000     2,141,800
Manitoba  638,300    5,110,000
Saskatchewan  998,400     1,667,300
Alberta  633,000        873,800
B. C  20,300
Total       3,857,200   10,375,500
The increase therefore was:—
Barley         28,204,450 bushels
Oats     53,724,100 "
Rye  6,518,300 "
Total 88,446,850     "
james d. McGregor
Canada Food Board
The following are the quantities of
wheat, Hour anJ oatmeal exported
from Canada between August 1st, 1917
and July 31st, 1918:
Wheat 118,579,601   bushel
Flour    Il,_.i7.'.l42 barrels
Oatmeal        372,302     "
When a review was made a little
while ago of the work done under
Food Control in its first full year, it
was found that net exports of beef increased by nearly 75,000,000 lbs. per
annum,  an  increase of 6,795 per cent
"''       S H
over the average net exports for
Net exports of pork increased by
125,000,000 lbs. per annum, an increase
of 571 per cent over a five year pre-war
Before the war, Canada importing
butter at the rate of 7,000,000 lbs.
annually, is now producing enough
butter to meet domestic requirements
and, in addition, is exporting at the
net rate" of more than 4,000,000 lbs.
per annum.
_ It is estimated that Canada exported
at least 25 to 30 per cent more wheat
during the twelve months than could
have been exported had it not been
for conservation and organization.
By standardization of flour and
lengthening of the extraction in milling,
a saving of 20,000 barrels of wheat
flour a month is being effected.
Conservation measures and voluntary saving in the homes have reduced
Canadian consumption of flour from
Canada Food Board
800,000 to. 600,000 barrels per month,
as compared with pre-war consumption. This is equivalent to a saving of
nearly 12,000,000 bushels of wheat.
Canada is now saving sugar at the
rate of more than 100,000 tons annually
as compared with consumption a year
But the work ahead is still enormous.
We must, . hand in hand with the
United States, make an increase in the
shipment of foodstuffs to Europe equal
Secretary—Canada Food Board
to 300 per cent over the best peace
year. The average exports of foodstuffs from this continent must be
raised from 5,550,000 tons to 17,500,000
tons for 1918-19. This is assuredly no
time for slackening.
The most striking example of
Canada's qufck aid to the Motherland
is found in the so-called "Commandeering" Order-in-Council covering the
stocks of butter during the month of
October and the first week of Novem-
nos Soldats
et nos Allies
ber. By what might be called a
stroke of the pen, millions of pounds
of butter were made available to
relieve the extreme shortage in Great
Britain. Meanwhile 25,000,000 pounds
of butter held in stock on the Canadian
market regulated as to profit thereon
was used as a lever to keep down home
prices so that there could be no
profiteering at the expense of patriotism
It did so most effectively.
But there is a monetary return to
Canada's Butter
the Canadian people in the enhanced
value of national trade through the
work being undertaken by the Food
Board. Success has not been attained
without a complex and far-reaching
organization. All dealers in foods have
been placed under license with the
definite object of controlling the dis
tribution of our foods from the time
they leave the farm and the sea to the
moment they reach the table. The
following is a list of licenses granted
up to November 7th:
__"£_■ 1 1 l*_?          _/
1 FRUIT and.
CANNING   _        _m.    _
DRYING     -• I    .ffMfti
■ STORING     _gf
■ ' £7
■ '   __D
The Montreal Standard Publishing Co. Limited /S^iT^
Wholesale Fish  1,717
Cereals  110
Wholesale Fruits & Vegetables 1,729
Millers  650
Bakers  2,637
Wholesale  grocers  929
Wholesale produce  1,211
Retail Grocers  35,704
General Retail  12,348
Public Eating Places  15,826
Confectioners  1,093
Wholesale Flour & Feed  437
Packers  379
Canners  511
Manufacturers using Sugar. . . 657
Total    75,938
The prime factor of control in the
Dominion as a matter of historic fact
was found in the issuance by the
Board of licenses to permit trading in
foodstuffs and to prohibit trading
without a license. Now, practically no
transactions in foods take place by
unlicensed dealers. From the flour
miller'down to the smallest baker in
the small town, and from the sugar
importer to the country store, and
from the stockyard down to the least
butcher in the land, our food products
are watched so that none can be
wasted, none can be hoarded, and
none diverted to wrongful use in war
time. There has, on the whole, been a
willing co-operation among the dealers
with the Food Board, and the public
has received the licensing system
without dissatisfaction. It has steadied
prices. It has equalized distribution
very markedly. Our home supply has
always been plentiful, yet the quantities of foodstuffs exported have
shown a remarkable increase.
For the control of foods which go
out of, and come into, the Dominion, a
system of "Permits" was established.
This was equivalent to the license for
domestic trade. Just as no one can
now trade within the Dominion without a Food Board license, so no one
can ship abroad nor receive foreign
goods without written permission from
the Food Board. This section was
established in November of last year,
and up to date has issued 8,291
import permits and 13,293 export
In addition to these licenses, the
Food Board had authority to issue
Orders for the regulation of foods in
hotels, restaurants, and to the public
eating places, including boarding-
houses, and the direction which was
given to the mass of our food supplies
through this source is one which
cannot be calculated. Altogether, up
tc November 1st, 70 Orders had been
issued by the Food Board, made necessary to regulate the current of supplies.
This is not a large number, considering
that in the first three months of this
year over 130 Orders were issued by
the British Ministry of Food.
Early in the activities of the Food
Board large profits in food dealings
were made impossible. Margins of
profit were strictly regulated, though
the actual prices of commodities were
not touched. A fair price which would
give the producer a reasonable profit
was what was aimed at from the
beginning,   without   making   it   likely
that production of that article should
cease through a low price on the one
hand, nor that its price should rise so
high on the other as to be a burden to
the consumer. More recently, a "Fair
Price" Order-in-Council was passed
under the direction of the Minister of
Labor, by which power is fully delegated to municipalities to appoint
Fair Price Committees which will
investigate the cost of necessaries
within their own area, and make
recommendations as to their reduction, if excessive. Lists of fair prices
as found by the Committees would be
published regularly in the press.
Already many municipalities have
appointed Committees which are now
actively at work.
It has been from the first the aim
of the Food Board to induce the
Provincial Governments and municipal authorities to co-operate in the
effort to prevent excessive profits, i.e.,
profiteering. Early in the efforts
towards effective food control an
Order against waste of foodstuffs in
every conceivable form was issued,
which gave these authorities wide
scope under which to act. In many
cases proceedings were taken with the
result that waste of food soon began
to be regarded not only as an economic,
but as a national, offence.
While definite price-fixing has not
been the principal considered policy of
the Food Board, it has not been
altogether kept out of the program.
The price of wheat, for instance, was
controlled and fixed through the
Board of Grain Supervisors. This
gave the Food Board a starting point.
With this in mind, they fixed millers'
profits on flour, and later, wholesale
merchants' margin of profit was so
fixed that prices could not be unreasonably enhanced. Steps were taken
to prevent manipulation by fictitious
sales to increase the apparent profits
that should be payable; everything
was done which could be done to
reduce intermediate transactions in
foodstuffs to the lowest possible
number, and to make the commodity
run from the producer to the last user
in as direct a line as possible. The
price of bran and shorts was fixed a
year ago. And without the price being
actually fixed, a firm hold was kept on
the prices of other grains through this
control of profits.
But it must be emphasized and
repeated that all this has had to be
attained, and has had, in fact, been
accomplished without putting any
dealer in foodstuffs out of a reasonably
honest business, and it has not brought
about one withdrawal from business
in an essential food trade. Considering
that this has amounted to a semiofficial distribution of our necessary
foods throughout the Dominion by
the instrumentalityiof our millers, our
merchants, our grocers, our bakers
and all other food dealers, it is an
accomplishment of which any organization might be proud.
From early last January especial
attention was devoted to adding to
the production of Canadian farms.
In this excellent public service was
done by the Honorable Charles A.
Dunning, who had charge of the work
in the West, and by Dr. James W.
Robertson, who, in conjunction with
the provincial Departments of Agriculture, organized the Eastern provinces. This was not confined to
wheat growing, but it covered every
conceivable product of farm, garden
and orchard Every encouragement
that the Food Board could give to
the Provincial Governments through
which the scheme was largely carried
out, was readily given. In fact in most
of the provinces the Food Board gave
them the direct lead. The enlarged
acreages under ail crops, as given
above, show what was accomplished.
It must not be forgotten that this has
led the way to a permanent addition
to the wealth of Canada, for it is
inconceivable with the world shortage
in foods that these acres will ever be
allowed to revert to unproductiveness. It would be difficult to say
where this advantage, not merely in
a monetary sense but in a provincial
and national way, has been greatest—
in the wheat fields of the Prairie
Provinces, or in the mixed farming of
the East and Maritime Provinces, or
in the fruit lands of British Columbia.
Canada's PORK
British imports
1,2 61.082,032 Lbs
Canada's net exports
"   130.304,947 Lbs.
why Carxt we MAKE it BIGGER?'
Figures are for I9i(>
The Food Board, through its Western representatives especially, brought
about a tremendous change, and there
were very largely increased acreages
for the last two years devoted to the
growing of barley, rye and oats, while
in the East buckwheat showed an
equally promising increase. In Western
Ontario corn, too, was grown in far
larger quantities.
One of the greatest means which
contributed to this success was the
arrangement made for the purchase
and reselling of farm tractors at cost
to the farmers. Over 1,100 of these
were thus sold last year The allocation of these by provinces was as
British Columbia     21
Alberta   334
Saskatchewan 382
Manitoba   149
Ontario  203
Quebec       9
New Brunswick       5
Nova Scotia     14
Prince Edward Island       6
In addition, 15 demonstration tractors were distributed, 5 to each of
the provinces, Alberta, Saskatchewan
and Manitoba. The probabilities are
that many hundreds more will be
placed on Canadian farms in 1919.
^r#?£P_«^J> • 3
United States, but in obtaining a far
larger number of city men and boys
who agreed to work on farms than had
ever been known in the history of
Side by side with this, there has
been an utterly incalculable addition
to the garden wealth of Canada,
brought about through the direction
given by the Food Board in a steady
campaign of publicity and of propaganda since last February. The first
thing to be touched, indeed, was the
maple sugar wealth of the province of
Quebec. It has added enormously
this year to the much-needed sugar
substitutes of the Dominion. There
has also been a large addition both to
the production of sugar beets and to
Since July, 1917, the propaganda
work of the Canada Food Board has
increased the consumption of fish in
Canada fully 100% compared to what
it was previously. The export of
Western lake fish has been cut down
from 85% to 50%—the difference
being consumed in Canada. An entirely new fishery has been established
on the Pacific Coast, and two steam
trawlers are now engaged in fishing for
flat-fish and cods. Half a million
pounds per month of these excellent
fish are now being consumed in
Canada. On the Atlantic, the steam
trawling fleet was increased from
three to five vessels. Haddock, cod,
mackerel and herring were introduced
into the Ontario market, and are now
staple lines in good demand. Over
seventeen hundred wholesale fish dealers are under license from the Food
Board, and some twenty-six hundred
retailers. A greater variety of fish at
reasonable prices is now to be found
in the markets. On National Fish
Day, October 31st, Montreal, ana
Toronto consumed 577,400 pounds of
fish and it is estimated that some
2,500,000 pounds were consumed in
Canada on that day alone.
Sugar has brought forth an acute
problem this fall. It is due to a dozen
important causes. Hotel and restaurant keepers are strictly limited
to 2 pounds for every 90 meals served,
and  private  families to  2  pounds a
Under a plan which was called the
"Soldiers of the Soil" a large number
of boys between the ages of 15 and 19
was enrolled to work on farms during
the summer months. The following
table shows the enrollment and the
number placed.
Province ment    Placed
British Columbia      1,628        669
Alberta         904       616
Saskatchewan      1,475     1,405
Manitoba      1,600     1,006
Ontario      4,621    4,621
Quebec      1,060       670
New Brunswick         850        677
Nova Scotia      2,006     1,788
Prince Edward Island.        541        500
14,685   11,952
This work was a small part of what
fell within the province of Mr. J. D.
McGregor, Director of Agricultural
Labour, who worked assiduously to
secure the necessary increase of hands
for the sowing and harvest seasons
and was successful not only in making
arrangements by which there should
be an exchange of workers from  the
the means of extracting the sugar from
But more important still—and this
unfortunately is the incalculable part
—has been the growth of the war
garden movement. Possibly $50,000,-
000 worth of vegetables have this year
been grown in Canada. What the
consumption of vegetables has meant
in the replacing of wheat flour, which
was required overseas, cannot well be
expressed. It has been a movement
that has extended into every little
village and hamlet. This, too, is
something which has come to stay.
Canadians will never more neglect the
little garden patch. Surely this is
something which more than justifies
the existence of the Food Board.
Yet this is but the smallest of the
objects for which the Food Board was
formed. Its main, almost its sole,
object, if it could be divested of all
the means that have had to be employed to attain that end, has been to
make the Canadian foodstuffs available on the fighting line in Europe,
and in the attainment of that end,
size for size with its population, it has
no reason to be ashamed.
head a month. Manufacturers have
been cut to one-half their usual supplies. Retailers cannot obtain sugar
as formerly, therefore they should not
be asked to sell the same quantities.
What this has involved no one outside
the Food Board can know, ll has
been a little wheel of control within
control, or rather it has been a complete little machine of food administration within a world-wide organization. It would take a column fully
to describe the action and interaction
of what has had to be accomplished so
that the ordinary spoonful of sugar
shall not be lacking for the Canadian
Previous to the passing of Order-in-
Council No. 3430 in December, 1917,
authorizing the Food Controller to deal
with carloads of foodstuffs held under
load at their destination, for a period
of longer than four days, the practice
of the fruit and vegetable trade in
many cases was to permit the foodstuffs either to deteriorate or become
a total loss while the grievances of the
interested parties were being adjusted.
Now whenever it is found necessary
to seize foodstuffs they are sold to the
best advantage at the order of the
. ood board, and, after the costs of
the sale are deducted, the balance is
remitted to the owner ot the car when
ownership has been established.
On April 5th, last, an Order-in-
Council was passed empowering the
Canada hood board to take any
measure necessary to prevent, as tar
as practicable, the loss or deterioration
ot toodstutls. 'ihe operation ot tne
powers contained in these two Urders
made it possible to save large quantities ot toods which, under the old
order of things, would have become a
total loss. It has been iound necessary
to ueal with approximately 1,2UU cars,
made up ot tne iollowing:—.otatoes,
onions, beans, corn, wheat, molasses,
fruits ot all kinds, macaroni, canned
goods, cottee, raisins, butter, cheese,
breaklast toods, malted milk, etc.
Ihe Canada hood board does not
hesitate to seize where there is a
possibility of waste occurring.
An enormous amount of work has
been entailed in the furnishing ot substitutes tor wheat flour, that is, for
other flours until this year little
known in Canada which could replace
the wheat flour that was imperatively
needed overseas. The difficulty has
been that Canada was so largely a
one-grain country; wheat had been so
plentiiul_that_ nearly all other food
grains took but a small part in comparison.
Numerous other measures were
brought about through the organization of the Food Board, working from
end to end of the Dominion. The
results of these may be summarized
briefly as follows:—Waste of food has
been made an offence subject to heavy
penalties; bakery products have been
standardized so as to prevent extravagant use of wheat; manufacture of
products involving large use of sugar
or fats has been prohibited; saving of
wheat has been effected by regulation
of the trade in package cereals, dealers
being required to substitute other
cereals for part of the wheat in the
manufacture of the products; flour has
been standardized and the milling
extraction lengthened for wheat, 74
per cent of the wheat berry is the
standard; in cases where it has been
found that excessive quantities of
food commodities required overseas
have been held, the Food Board has
required the sale of such excess; public
eating-places have been regulated in
the use of foods, meat, wheat and
dairy products; hoarding sugar or
flour has been made an offence subject
to heavy fine or imprisonment;
amounts which may be held in private
households or by dealers have been
limited to ensure equitable distribution; control over imports and exports
has proved a valuable instrument in
obtaining trade concessions; use of
grain for liquors has been prohibited,
and the use of malt limited; feeding of
grain to livestock has been controlled;
use of substitutes for wheat flour by
bakers, confectioners and public eating-places and in homes has been
made compulsory.
A mere list of pamphlets, leaflets
and literature sent out trom the Food
Board Office since August, 1917, is
eloquent of the wide scope of food
control. It includes the following
Pledge Cards—English 942,552
Pledge Cards—French 111,000
"War Meals"—English 749,950
"War Meals"—French    88,000
• Restaurant Cards—English. . .   18,800
Restaurant Cards—French. . .     2,500
"Speaker's Hand Book"—English     18,000
"Speaker's Hand Book"—Fr.. 1,075
Canning and Drying Bulletin
—English  430,000
Canning and Drying Bulletin
—French    63,900
"Eat More Fish"—English. .. 100,000
"Eat More Fish"—French.. . . 23,000
Marine Department Fish Book     1,500
"One Week's Budget"    98,000
•Don't Waste Food"    98,000
Glucose Pamphlet 123,700
"Food Laws"    30,000
"What    Is    Food    Control?"
(Booklet)    10,000
Jam Making Pamphlet    98,788
Britain buys
Canada's Beef
Sells Britain only
2 9.680,000 lbs.
Canon Snowdon's Sermon on
Food Saving  25,000
Recipes   for   Canning   Meat,
Poultry and Fish  23,000
Hon. W. J. Hanna's Report. . 9,000
Grocery Trade Report  2,650
"Suggestions"  49,500
Report   of   the    Milk   Committee   4,000
"Food Control or Famine?" . . 10,000
Report of the Cereal Package
Committee  3,750
Report of the Produce Committee  3,300
"What Canada Has Done". . . 145,000
Dr. Nadeau's Pamphlet  8,500
"How to Handle Frozen Fish" 7,000
"Hints on Frozen Fish"  7,000
Garbage Utilization Bulletin. . 2,000
It must be understood that while
the gathering of information on which
to guide the war food policy has been
done largely by Provincial Committees, the actual administrative
work has been almost exclusively
carried out through the centralized
office in Ottawa. A staff which has
fluctuated according to seasonal demands from 120 to 190 has been
employed, and the mail bag from the
Food Board office has been a fair
index of the busy time. From August
1st last to October 26th the number
of incoming letters, etc., was 271,920,
while the outgoing mail in the same
period totalled 372,085 letters and
And what of the work ahead? It is
sketched in bold outline in a
statement issued by the Food
Board Chairman just after Austria,
a-hungered and broken by internal
dissention brought about largely by
famine, accepted the stiff terms of
the armistice.    He says:—
"Whenever peace comes, it is certain not to add one ounce of food to a
hungry world. On the other hand,
it is certain to increase the claims on
this continent to share what it has
with others.
" Repatriation of troops, which cannot be made to a very great extent
until the last belligerent power has
been made to throw down its arms,
will take up for two years an incredible
par tof Allied shipping. No more
vessels will be detached than are
imperatively necessary for the distant
voyages; the North American route
must remain the great canal of food
supply for the whole world."
Here is our present food situation
in a nutshell:—
Ov<»-120,000,000 people on the other
side , the Atlantic are still on rations.
The iact should teach us that they
dare not yet remove their restrictions.
The Food Controllers of the United
States, France, Italy and Great Britain
have resolved that, as they "cannot
administer the war food suppl> on a
year's basis," it is necessary to "maintain the rigid economy and elimination
of waste of food-stuffs" for the future
as uncompromisingly as in the past.
Canada's Butter
Britain's Normal-
ISI6    ■
Net Exports
G.Britains Shortage      Canada's
due to War net exports
12 Yrs ago
' Why car\t CANADA do as well today
as she did IZ Years A&o?"
The Montreal Standard Publishing Co. Limited }
The Boys who made
Peace possible
8 tribute
J3EACE has come. But our rejoicing
must not make us forget the gallant boys who fought to defend our
rights, to assure our liberty and
happiness — to save our country from
the fate of Belgium.
Notwithstanding the fact that the St. Lawrence
Flour Mills have been on a war basis since the
very beginning of the hostilities, and has supplied flour to the Imperial as well as the Allied
Armies, it has sent its quota of men to defend
our Homes and our Country.
It is our desire to pay a tribute to these brave
boys from the St. Lawrence Flour Mills who
helped win the war.     Our Honor Roll includes:
Lieutenant A. D. WILLIAMSON
(Killed in action)
Lieutenant  D. ROBERTSON
Lance-Corporal GEORGE HARRIS
(Killed in action)
Two made the supreme sacrifice, but all were
willing to lay down their lives to protect our
own lives, our property, our rights and our
The St. Lawrence Flour Mills
& SONS, Limited
Dry  Goods,  Carpets,  Etc.
Michael Narlock
(Killed in Action)
Thomas Narlock
George Ironmonger
John Ironmonger
Matthew Costello
Robert Ritchie
Robert Shore
Fred Lapointe
John Villemaire
Joseph Zyvitski
23rd Battalion C.E.F., Killed at Givenchy
Royal Air Force
5th Canadian Mounted Rifles
(now of Royal Air Force)
Wounded at Paaschendael
Fine Papers
Bond Paper Lines—
Coated Paper Lines —
Full Stock of
All  Lines  of  Paper kept  in  Stock
Tbb Montreal Standard Publishing Co. Limited


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