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On the Canadian Pacific Railway : passengers enjoying the view at Stephen on the summit of the Rocky… Prior, Melton Feb 10, 1899

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 ON  THIS CANADIAN-PACIFIC HAIL WAY:  PASSENGERS ENJOYING THE VIEW AT  STEPHEN,  ON  THE  SUM_.IT  OE  THE liOCK._   MOUNTAINS. THE   ILLUSTRATED   LONDON   NEWS,  P_i. 25,  1899.—25_
OUR ILLUSTRATIONS.
M.   FAURE   AND  M.   LOUBET.
The sudden death of M. Felix Faure, President of the
French Eepublic, on Thursday evening, Feb. 1(3, of
apoplexy, two hours after the seizure, has caused much
regret and anxiety all over the world, felt in England,
by the Court and by the whole nation, as seriously as in
any country. Her Majesty the Queen was almost the
first among the Sovereigns of Europe, on Friday morning,
to telegraph a message of condolence to the French
Government and nation, and to Madame Faure, upon
this distressing event. The Prince of Wales, Lord
Salisbury, Sir E. Mous.n, the British Ambassador in Paris,
and the British Chamber of Commerce in Paris lost
no time in communicating their feelings of sympathy,
and of sincere regard for the deceased statesman.
The body of M. Faure, after lying in state at the Elysee
Palace, was interred in the Pere la Chaise Cemetery, with
a public funeral, on Thursday last, the previous religious
ceremony having been performed at Notre Dame
Cathedral. On Saturday, at the Congress Hall of
the National Assembly at Versailles, the members
of the Senate and of the Chamber of Deputies, sitting-
together, elected a now President of the Eepublic, M. Emilo
Loubet, who has been President of the Senate since 1896,
and was Prime Minister in 1893. He received 483 votes,
against 279 given for M. Meline, and
50 for other persons. The Ministry
of M. Dupuy is still in office, for
tli3 present.
The new French President
comes from as simple a stock
as his predecessor's. Felix Faure
was the son of a Norman tanner.
Einile Loubet springs from the
peasantry of the Midi. But i.
would be difficult to find two men
less alike. The late President had
many worries. He suffered something strongly resembling blackmail
at the hands of the unscrupulous
Drumont. lie was deeply compromised by the illegality of the
Dreyfus court - martial. To these
serious anxieties was added the
torment of a desire to rank with
crowned heads. It is said that
M. Faure corresponded a great deal
with most of the Sovereigns of
Europe. We can easily believe it,
but we cannot believe that M. Loubet
will follow the example. M. Faure
cherished the idea that his personality counted for a good deal
in the Franco - Russian "alliance."
He mourned the etiquette which compelled him to wear evening dress amid
the brilliant uniforms of the Russian
Court festivities. His simple mind
was distracted by elusive visions of
equality with the Czar. All these
things did a good deal to warp a
genial nature which was not sustained by intellectual cultivation.
M. Loubet, foolishly denounced as
unintellectual, is a man of wide
reading, who is moi'e likely to find
solace for political disquiet in his
books than in writing letters to
Kings and Queens. Ho is a lover
of music, and can forget in the joy
of a symphony the venomous attacks
of a Beaurepaire. As Prime Minister
seven years ago, he made no spQcial
mark, but as President of the Senate
ho won the highest respect for his
judgment and moderation. By some
observers he is thought to be a weak
man, who will bo a tool and a stopgap
for the supple Dupuy. But it is some
indication of strength that he has held
himself above the violent discords
excited by the Dreyfus affair. More
over, he is a staunch Bepublican, and
his victory over M. Meline is a victory for the Republic over
the extraordinary confederacy of half-hearted friends and
avowed enemies of the existing form of government in
France. The Ligue de la Patrie Francaise is a coalition of
malcontents, who wait for an opportunity to destroy the
Republic. The sudden death of M. Faure took them by
surprise, and the furious campaign of calumny which
they have started against M. Loubet is prompted by
chagrin. The position of the Eepublic is stronger for
M. Loubet's election ; hence the virulence with which ho
is now assailed. One great quality which is eonsjneuously
lacking in Franco is political courage, and if the new
President should reveal that he possesses this in a high
degree, he will render his country a notable service.
In our double-page Illustration the picture of President
Faure on Peterhof pier is a copyright stereo-photograph by
Messrs. Underwood and Underwood. We are indebted to
Mr. Philipp Horvath of 18, West Bolton Gardens, S.W.,
for the photogranh of the shooting-party at Chateau de
Tilleul.
most remarkable cone is called " The
Many are the  legends  of  tiger-men,
and having tails, told by the simple
believe    in    the   existence   of    such
At  the   steepest   parts   the   boats
We also present our
readers with an
Needle of Heaven."
covered with hair
people, who firmly
imaginary beings,
are towed by coolies.
Illustration of Mr.
Fritchard-Morgan's " yamen " in Peking, which has there
been jocularly called the " Welsh Legation." The group
consists of Mr. Pritchard-Morgan, known as "the Welshman " ; Mr. Gwynne, Eeuter's agent there and also a
Welshman; Dr. Morrison, the able correspondent of the
Times, an Australian ; and Sir Chengtung Liang-chong,
K.C.M.G., who, it will be remembered, was knighted by
the Queen at the last Jubilee. The latter gentleman is
under engagement to the Szechuan Administration as Chief
Chinese Secretary, and is now preparing to leave Tientsin,
where ho has been what is known as an expectant Taotai,
to reside with his family permanently in Szechuan. Our
Illustrations of the scenery of the Zhang Gorges are from
water colour drawings by Mr. J. Smedley, of Shanghai.
A   GIFT   TO   THE   CZAR.
On the day, some weeks ago, when the Russian Memorial
Church built at San Stefano, near Constantinople, to commemorate the valour of the soldiers killed in the war of
1878, and the consequent Treaty of Peace, was consecrated
in  the presence of  a. member of the imperial family of
STUDIES  AT THE   ZOOLOGICAL  GARDENS.
IX.—THE POLAR BEAR.
Whiteness at all seasons of the year and at all times of life
is a very rare feature among mammals; one of the few in
which this occurs being the Polar bear. Evidently the
absence of colour is due to environment, this species
seldom, if ever, ranging southwards of the regions of
Arctic ice and snow ; and from the fact that even the
newly born cubs are of the same creamy whiteness, it
is manifest that the creature has been a denizen of
these cheerless climes for nn incalculably long period.
Indeed, the only evidence of kinship with other bears,
as regards colouration, is the tendency to the development of a brown tinge on the hairs of some very
aged individuals of the Polar species. To enable it to
maintain a foothold on the ice this animal has a sparse
coating of hair on the soles of the feet, which in other bears
arc completely naked. The head, too, is longer, and the
grinding teeth are proportionately smaller than in ordinary
bears, all these facts pointing to the long isolation of the
ice-bear.
'Whether this animal hibernates during the dreary and
dark Arctic winter is a moot point, but the probability
seems to be that it remains active at all seasons, although
the females retire to a comfortable (!) ice-cave to bring
forth their young. To seals and young walruses the
Polar bear is a terrible foe ; and the quantity of seal-flesh
it will manage to put away is said to be astonishing.    In
spite of its huge size and formidable
teeth and claws, the walrus-hunters
never hesitate to attack a Polar bear,
-;-:;:.:,,.■:, ~-i even when armed only with a lance ;
and  generally  manage  to come  off
unharmed and victorious.
So long as they are provided with
plenty of cold water, these bears
flourish remarkably well in this
country. B, Lydekker.
THE 'VARSITY MATCH.
The Inter - University Association
football match was played on Saturday, Feb. 18, at the Queen's Club,
and resulted in a-win for the Cambridge team by three goals to one.
The weather was very foggy, but a
goodly number of spectators turned
out to witness the play. From the
start Cambridge showed the better
combination, and during the first
half Moon and Blaker had both
scored. Jameson's fine goal was
registered for Oxford during the
second half, but the Dark Blues did
not score again, and Gosling completed the victory for Cambridge.
Vassall (Oriel), the Oxford captaim
showed some fine play forward, but
found a watchful opponent in Vickers
(Clare). Blackburn (Oriel) was the
best back on the field.
COVER OP AN ALBUM PRESENTED TO THE CZAR BY THE PEOPLE OF BULGARIA.
Photograph supplied by fludolf retried, Sofia.
Russia, there was in preparation, but not yet ready to be
presented or sent to the Emperor Nicholas II., an appropriate gift to his Majesty provided by a public subscription
among the Bulgarian nation. This gift, the work of
preparing which has since been finished, consists of an
album, containing seventy leaves, upon which are displayed 310 water-colour drawings of landscape scenes,
local   monuments,   buildings,   and   other   views   in   Bul-
TII.E   BLIZZARDS
IN    NORTH     AMERICA.
Canada, and the United States on the
Atlantic side,  even  so far south as
Florida   and   Alabama,    have   been
visited by a blizzard which continued
three days  and  nights unintenupt-
edly,   and  ceased  on   the   night   of
Monday, Feb.   13 ; but the work of
clearing away the accumulated snow
during   last   week   employed    four
thousand  men in New York alone,
and ten thousand on the lines of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company only,
Very few ships entered or left the
harbour of New York in those days.
In Canada, at different towns on the
shores of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario,
the visitation  was severe;   and the
destruction of forest trees, as well as
the  overthrow of   telegraph - posts,
rendered  travelling very dangerous.     One  post  dragged
down others, and the confusion was extraordinary.     An
Illustration   of a  street  in   Hamilton,   Ontario,   thus obstructed by the fall of posts,  will be found among  the
engravings wo now present to our readers.
THE  MUSCAT  INCIDENT.
THE   ICIIANG   GORGES.
The entrance to the Ichang Gorges, in Central China, is
so different from anything one has seen up the Yangtse
River that it is hard indeed to think one is still in China.
Ascending the Gorges, the cliffs and mountains assume
the most grotesque shapes, and form a veritable giant's
causeway, worn in and out by the mighty rushing stream
for centuries, above which tower lofty peaks, sheer
precipices, and huge cones 1500 ft. to 3000 ft. high,
some snow - capped and others fringed with trees; the
hardy mountaineers' huts are perched high on the cliffs,
or stuck like swallows' nests in some protected corner. One
garia,, including three houses occupied by the Emperor
Alexander II. during that campaign over twenty years
ago; they have been drawn by the Bulgarian artists of repute,
Mitow, Michailow, Bienenbaum, Bolangari, Obcrbauer,
Drog, and Choreschny. But the most elaborately artistic
part of the work is the splendid cover and binding of the
volume, which is shown in our Illustration. It was
designed and modelled by the eminent sculptor, Boris
Schatz, of Sofia, in the style of an antique Bulgarian
Church-book of the Holy Gospels. The cover is of
bronze, richly decorated with ornaments of gold, silver,
and enamel; in the centre, on the front, is a bas-
relief, with the figure of a Russian soldier, seated
upon a gabion, holding in his arms a Bulgarian
orphan child, and sharing his own ration of bread
with the desolate little boy. Below this group is
inscribed, in words and letters of the ancient Slavonic
language, intelligible to both nations, the motto, "Brotherly
Love." To the right and left are the names of fifty-seven
places where battles or skirmishes were fought in the war
of 1877 and 1878- Above the bas-relief is a medallion,
with the portraits of the Emperors Alexander II. and
Alexander III., and below it is another-medallion, showing
that of Prince Ferdinand, the present ruler of Bulgaria.
The Album will be exhibited in the Hall of the Sobranje,
or Bulgarian Parliament, before it is sent to Eussia.
The question of Muscat has been exorcising the official
mind, and that to some purpose. The public may have
forgotten it amid the stirring events of the week, but the
Government was alive to its importance. Colonel Meade,
the British Political Eesident in the Gulf of Persia, who
hurried to Muscat so long ago as Feb. 6, has been making
constant representations to the Sultan to secure the withdrawal of the promise which was given to the French. To
lend force to his arguments, he availed himself of the
services of Bear-Admiral Douglas and her Majesty s ships
Eclipse, Sphinx, and 3ledbreast, which are lying in the port
of Muscat at the present time. Finally, under threat of a
bombardment of the forts by the British Admiral, the
Sultan revoked the grant of a coaling-station to the
French, in spite of the protests of the French Consul.
This decisive action on the part of the British authorities
shows that the situation was much more serious than
it seemed. France and Eussia are trying to spread their
influence at other places in the neighbourhood, notably at
Busreh, the principal Turkish port en the Persian Gulf.
The importance of this town is shown by the fact that its
exports amount to more than a million pounds every year.
More than half of the exports consists of dates and wool.
The dates have long been celebrated. Marco Pole, who
visited the place in the thirteenth century, speaks of them
as the best in the world.
__•

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