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General report of the Clan Donald Colony, Vermilion, Alberta Scottish Immigrant Aid Society Nov 1, 1927

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GENERAL REPORT ON THE CLAN DONALD COLONY
VERMILION,
ALBERTA. Nov.   let,   1926.
FIELD SUPERVISOR'S REPORT.
■   '■'
On arrival of the settlers at Vermilion sleeping accommodation was made available so that they could rest after the journey,
In the morning the settler was equipped with a team of
horses, wagon and harness, the furnishings for his house, and his
baggage were loaded into the wagon, and in parties, with a guide,
they left for their farm.  The family was taken out by motor-car.
In the case of the settlers from the Old Country, stoves
and household furnishings had already been placed in the houses,
and after they had been supplied with provisions, they loaded the
baggage and left with guides for the farms; the family going
out by motor-car.
All settlers after locating on farms had many trips to
make to Vermilion, getting out the farm equipment, cattle, and
poultry, and wire for fencing, each settler was encouraged to
get his farm fenced as soon as possible.
As soon as the settlers got fixed up in the houses and
got accustomed to their horses they got down to the breaking of
the land and in some cases have broken up to fifty-five acres.
As the haying and harvest arrived, arrangements were
made that all the local demand for help be filled from the Colony
as far as possible, as practically all the available capital of
the settlers had been used up by this time.  A number of the
settlers worked on the Canadian Pacific Railway grade; over fifty
settlers went stook-threshing obtaining from $5-00 to $6.00 per
day, with an average run of twenty days.  These fifty bought hay
racks for themselves.
As the land was all open range before.the colony came
to Vermilion, the hay cut was very poor; thus leaving a shortage
of feed; straw is to be supplied when necessary.
Any dry cows are going to be exchanged for fresh milk
cows, so that the family will have milk for the winter.
Two pure bred. Holstein Bulls have been lent by Mr. P.
Burns for the use of the colony.
A great many of the settlers have raised young chickens
and some have turkeys.
There is an average of two calves raised by each settler.
The colony has made many miles of new roads necessary and
the settlers have had employment on the construction of these roads.
A Church has been erected at the Clan Donald townsite and
a Hall on one of the farms in a central position, religious services
are held in these buildings on Sundays by Rev. Father Macintyre. Sfet
- 2 - *
Report on Clan Donald Colony (continued).
The following families did not succeed on the farms and
were replaced by others.
1. Hugh Gillen and family from Dramnakilly Co., Tyrone,
left after two or three days. Hugh Gillen is working with the
Northwestern Lumber Company near Edmonton.
2. John Murphy and family—afraid of responsibility
of taking on a farm.   Is now working for another farmer at
Riviere Qui Barre.
3. Andrew MacNally and family of Dromore is now working on the Society's farm at Red Deer preparing to take a farm
in the Spring. He has £8 a month, house, potatoes, milk and fuel.
4. Frank Bradley of Druminard, Ballinderry, afraid of
the responsibility of taking a farm, was employed along with
Andrew MacNally at same wages, etc., but preferred to work at
harvesting at 18/- a day.  The harvesting will soon be at an end,
5. Joseph Flanagan and family left the Colony.  Joe
was heartbroken and wept when he told Father Macintyre that he
would have to leave.  His wife's strange bearing since she left
home has made their settlement impossible.
There are ninety farms fenced.
One hundred houses and one hundred barns have
been erected.
One hundred wells have been bored.
STOCK.
There have been one hundred teams purchased, three
horses have died, six horses have gone astray.  Three hundred
cows have been purchased, there are two dead and one lost.
Each family was given twenty-five head of poultry, in
some cases they did not take these.
The following equipment was supplied for each farm unit:
Wagon, Plow, Mower, Rake, Harrows and one set of
work harness with breeching.
One stove with reservoir and pipes and elbows also two
sheets of galvanized iron. Bed complete, table, two chairs and
cooking utensils.
Well bucket, pulley and rope.  Garden tools. Axe,
brace and bits, wood saw and hand saw, hammer scythe complete.
There were ten acres broken on each unit, of these
nine acres were put in crop to oats for green feed.  75^ of
this seeding yielded good feed, the other 25# failed for
lack of protection, owing to the settler not having completed
his fencing in time.
Probably twenty-five hundred acres or more have been
broken by the settlers, but most of it still not disced for want of
this implement of farm equipment.  This, however, is being rectified.

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