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The life and wonderful prophecies of Donald Cargill. Who was executed at the Cross of Edinburg, on the… [between 1840 and 1857?]

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 THE  LIFE
AND
WONDERFUL PROPHECIES
OF
DONALD   CARGILIi.
Who was Executed at the Cross
of Edinburgh, on   the   26th  July,   1680.
For his adherence to the Covenant,
and  Work  of
REFORMATION
GLASGOW :
JMRI H T E D   FOR  THE  BOOKIELLEISi
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LIFE OF
MR DONALD CARGILL.
.ttOltl
Me Cargill seems to have been born some time
about the year 1610.    He was eldest son of a
most respected family in the parish of Rattray.
After he had been some time in the schools of
Aberdeen, he went to St Andrew's, where having perfected his course of philosophy, his father
pressed upon him much to study divinity, in or•
der for the ministry; but he thought the work
was too great for his weak shoulders, and requested to command him to any other employment h$
►leased.    But his father still continuing to urge
aim,  he resolved to set apart a day of private
fasting, to seek the Lord's mind therein.    And
after much wrestling with the Lord by prayer,
the third chapter of Ezekial, and chiefly these
words in the nrst verse, 'Son of man, eat this roll
and go speak unto the house of Israel", made a
strong impression on his mind, so that he durst
no longer refuse his father's desire, but dedicated
himself wholly unto that omce.
After this, lie got a call to the Barony Church
of Glasgow. It was so ordered by Divine pro-
vidence, that the very first text the presbytery
ordered him t.Q, preach upon, was thssa words in
 the third of Ezekiel, already mentioned, by which
be was more confirmed, that he had God's call
to this parish. This parish had been long vacant,
by reason that two ministers of the Resolution-
party, viz. Messrs Young and Blair, and still
opposed the settlement of such godly men as had
been called by the people. But in refbtence to
Mr Cargill's call, they were in God's providence,
much bound up from their wonted opposition.
Here Mr Cargill, perceiving the lightness apd
unconcerned behaviour of the people under the
word, was much discouraged thereat, so that he
resolved to return home, and not accept the call,
which, when he was urged by some godly min-
rasters not to do, and his reason asked, he an*
swered they are a rebellious people. The min
is.ters solicited him to stay, but in vain. But
when the horse was drawn, and he just going to
begin his journey, being in the house of Mr
Durham, when he had saluted several of his
Christian friends that came to see him take horse,
as he was taking farewell of a certain godly
woman, she said to him, " Sir, you have promised to preach on Thursday, and have you appointed a meal for poor starving people, and will
you go away and not give it ? if you do, the curse
of God will.go with you." This so moved him,
that he durst not go away as he intended; but
sitting down, desired her and others to pray for
him. So he remained and was settled in that
parish, where he continued to exercise his ministry with great success, to the unspeakable satisfaction both of his own parish, and all the godly
that heard and knew him, until that, by the un
5
happy Restoration of Charles II.. Prelacy waft
again restored. roQ
Upon the 26 th of May following, the day con«*
serrated in commemoration of the said Restore
lion, he had occasion to preach in his own church,
it being his ordinary week-day's preaching, when
he saw an unusual throng of people come to hear
him, thinking he had preached in compliance with
that solemnity. Upon entering the pulpit, he
said, .' We are not come here to keep this day upon the account for which others keep it. We
thought once to have blessed the day, wherein
the King came home again, but now we think
we shall have reason to curse it; and if any of
you come here in order to the solemnizing of this
day, we desire you to remove.' And enlarging
upon these words in the 9th of Hosea, Rejoice
not, O-Israel, &c. he said, ' This is the first step
of our going a-whoring from God; and whoever
of the Lords people this day are rejoicing, their
joy will be like the crackling of thorns under a
pot, it will soon be turned to mourning; he (meaning the king) will be the wofullest sight ever the
poor church of Scotland saw; wo, wo, wo unto
him, his name shall stink while the world stands
for treachery, tyranny, and lechery.'
This did exceedingly enrage the malignant
party against him, so that being hotly pursued,
he was obliged to abscond, remaining sometimes
in private houses, and sometimes lying ail night
without, among broom near the city, yet never
omitting any proper occasion of private preaching,
..catechising, and visiting of families, and other
ministerial duties, but at length, when the church-
 6
es were all vacated of Presbyterians by an act of
Council, 1662, Middleton sent a band of soldiers
to apprehend him, who, coming to the church,
found him not, he having providentially just stepped out of the one door a minute before they came
in at the other ; whereupon they took the keys of
the church door with them, and departed.—In
the mean while the Council passed an act of confinement banishing him to the north side of the
Tay, under penalty of being imprisoned, and
prosecuted as a seditious person.—But this sentence he no ways regarded.
During this time, partly by grief for the ruin
%f God's work in the land, and partly by the toils
and inconveniences of his labours and accommo-
ation, his voice became so broken, that he could
not be heard by many together, which was a sore
exercise to him, and discouragement to preach in
*he fields; but one day Mr Blaekatter coming to
preach near Glasgow, he essayed to preach with
him, and standing on a chair, as his custom was,
he lectured on Is. xliv. 3. "I will pour water on
him that is thirsty, &c."    The people were much
^discouraged, knowing his voice to be sore broken,
lest they should not have heard by reason of the
great confluence. But it pleased the Lord to
loose his tongue, and to restore his voice to such
a distinct clearness, that none could easily exceed
him; and not only his voice, but his spirit was
so enlarged, and such a door of utterance given
him, that Mr Blackatter, succeeding him, said
to the people, ' Ye that have such preaching,
have no need to invite strangers to preach to you;
make good use of your mercy.'    After this he
continued to preach without the city, a great multitude attending and profiting by his ministry,
being wonderfully preserved in the midst of dangers, the enemy several times sending out towatch
him, and catch something from his mouth whereof they might accuse him, &c.     ■..,*. j
In October 16615, they made a public search
for him in the city. But he, being informed,
took horse, and rode out of town, and at a narrow pass of the way, he met a good number of
musqueteers. As he passed them, turning to another way on the right-hand, one of them asked
him, Sir, what o'clock is it? he answered, It is
six. Another of them knowing his voice, said,
There is the man we are seeking.—Upon hearing this, he put spurs to his horse, and so escaped.
For about three years he usually resided in the
house of one Margaret Craig, a very godly woman, where he lectured morning and evening to
such as came to hear him. And tho' they searche«l
strictly for him here, yet providence so ordered
it, that he was either casually or purposely absent, for the Lord was often so gracious to him,
that he left him not without some notice of ap-
uroaching hazard. Thus, one Sabbath, as he
was going to Woodside to preach, as he was
about to mount his horse, having one foot in the
stirrup, he turned about to his man, and said, I
must not go yonder to-day—And in a little a
party of the enemy came there in quest of him;
but missing the mark they aimed at, they fell up-
 \
6
on the people, by fipprehending and imprisoning
several of them.
io'itf
noltB
^l^nother of his remarkable escapes was at a
march made for him in the city, where they caine
to his chamber, and found him not, being providentially in another house, that night.—But
what is most remarkable, being one day preaching privately in the house of one Mr Callander,
they came and beset the house; the people put
him and another into a window, closing the window up with books. The search was so strict,
that they searched the very ceiling of the house,
until one of them fell through the lower loft.—
Had they removed but one of the books, they
would certainly have found him. But the Lord
so ordered that they did it not; for as one of the
soldiers was about to take up one of them, the
maid cried to the commander, that he was going
to take her masters books, and he was ordered
to let them be. Thus narrowly he escaped this
danger. N J smjs&Sfi donfe
Thus he continued until the 23d of November
1667, that the Council, upon information of a
breach of his confinement, cited him to appear
before them on the 11th of January thereafter.
But when he was apprehended, and compeared
before the Council and strictly examined, wherein he was most singularly strengthened to bear
faithful testimony to his Master's honour, and
his persecuted cause and truths; yet by the interposition of some persons of quality, his own
friends, and his wife's relations, he was dismissed,
and presently returned to Glasgow, and there
performed all the ministerial duties.
9
Some time before Bothwell, notwithstanding
all the searches that were made for him by the
enemy, which were both strict and frequent, he
preached publicly for eighteen Sabbath-days to
multitudes, consisting of several thousands, within a little more than a quarter of a mile of the
city of Glasgow; yea, so near it, that the psalms,
when singing, were heard through several parts,
of it; and yet all this time uninterrupted.
At Bothwell, being taken by the enemy, and
struck down to the ground with a sword, seeing
nothing but present death for him having received
several dangerous wounds in the head, one of the
soldiers asked his name ; he told him it was Don-
aid Cargill; another asked him, if he was a minister ? He answered, he was; whereupon they let
him go. When his wounds were examined, he
feared to ask if they were mortal, desiring, in admission to God, to live, judging that the Lord
had yet further work for him to accomplish.
Some time after the battle at Bothwell, he
was pursued from his own chamber out of town,
and forced to go through several thorn hedges.
But he was no sooner out, than he saw a troop
of dragoons just opposite to him ; back he could
not go, soldiers being posted every where to catch
him; upon which he went forward, near by the
troop, who looked tp him, and he to them, until
he got past. But coming to the place of the water
at which he intended to go over, he saw another
troop standing on the other side, who called to
him but he made them no answer. And going
about a mile up the water, he escaped, and preached at Langside next Sabbath, without interrup-
 10
tion. At another time, being in a house beset
with soldiers, he went through the midst of them,
they thinking it was the goodman of the house
and escaped.
After Bothwell, he fell into a deep exercise
anent his call to the ministry; but, by the grace
and goodness of God, he soon emerged out of
that, and also got much light anent the duty of
the day, being a faithful contender against the
enemy's usurped power, and against the sinful
compliance of ministers, in accepting the indulgence, with indemnities, oaths, bonds, and all
other corruptions.
There was a certain woman in Rutherglen,
about two miles from Glasgow, who, by the instigation of some, both ministers and professors,
was persuaded to advice her husband to go but
once to hear the curate, to prevent the family being reduced; which she prevailed with him to do.
But going the next day after to milk her cows,
two or three of them dropt down dead at her feet,
and Satan, as she conceived, appeared unto her;
which cast her under sad and sore exercises and
desertion; so that she was brought to question
her interest in Christ, and all that had formerly
passed betwixt God and her soul, and was often
tempted to destroy herself, and sundry times at-
temped it: Being before known to be an eminent
Christian, she was visited by many Christians;
but without success : still crying out she was undone; she had denied Christ, and he had denied
her. After continuing a long time in this exercise, she cried for Mr Cargill, who came to her,
but found her distemper so strong, that for sev-
li
era! visits he was obliged to leave her as he found
her to his no small grief.    However, after setting
some days apart on her behalf, he at last came
again to her; but finding her no.better, still rejecting all comfort, still crying out, that she had
no interest in the mercy of God, or merits of
Christ, but had sinned the unpardonable sin ; he,
looking in her face for a considerable time, took
out his Bible, and naming her, said, " I have this
day a commission from my Lord and Master, to
renew the marriage contract betwixt you and
him; and if ye will not consent,. I am to require
your subscription on this Bible, that you are will-
to quit all right, interest in, or pretence unto him:.''
and then he offered her pen and ink for that purpose.    She was silent for some time; but at last
cried out, ]f O ! salvation is come unto this house,
I take him; I take him on his own terms, as he
is offered unto me by his faithful ambassador."
From that time her bands were loosed.
One time Mr Cargill, Mr Walter Smith, and
some other Christian friends, being met in a"
friend's house in Edinburgh, one of the company
told him of the general bonding of the Western
gentlemen for suppressing field meetings, and
putting ail out of their grounds who frequented
them. After sitting silent for some time, he answered, with several heavy sighs and groans,
" The enemy have been long filling up the cup;
and ministers and professors must have time to
fill up their's also; and it shall not be full till enemies and they be clasped in one another's arms;
and then, as the Lord lives, he will bring the
 12
wheel of his wrath and justice over them alto*
getter."
Sometime after the beginning of the year 1680,
he retired toward the Frith of Forth,'where he
continued until that scuffle at Queensferry, where
worthy Haugh-head was killed, and he sorely
wrounded. But escaping, a certain woman found
him in a private place, to the south of the town,
and tying up his wounds with her head-cloths,
conducted him to the house of one Robert Run-
tens, in Carlowrie, where a surgeon dressed his
wounds and Mrs Puntens gave him some warm
milk, and he lay in their barn all night. From
thence he went to the south, and next Sabbath
preached at Cairnhill, somewhere adjacent to
Loudon, in his blood and. wounds;, for no danger
could stop him from going about doing good.
His text was in Heb. xi. 32. And what shall I
more say, for time would fail me to tell of Gideon,
&e. At night, some persons said to him, We
think, Sir, preaching and praying go best with
you when your danger and distress are greatest.
He said, it had been so, and he hoped it would
be so, the more that enemies and others did thurst
at him that he might fall, the more sensibly the
Lord had helped him; and then (as it had been
to himself) he repeated these words, The Lord is
my strength and song, and has become my salvation, in the 118th Psalm, which was the psalm
he sung upon the scaffold.
After this, he and Mr Richard Cameron met
and preached together in Dermeid-muir, and
other places, until that Mr Cameron was slain
at Airs-moss, and then he went north, where, in
13
the  month of September following,   he had a
most numerous meeting at the Torwood, near
Stirling, where he pronounced the sentence of
excommunication, against some of the most violent persecutors of that day, as formally as the
present state of things could then permit.    Some
time before this, it is said, he was very remote,
and spoke very little in company; only to some
he said, he had atout to give with the trumpet
that the Lord had put in his hand, that would
sound in the ears of many in Britain, and other
places in Europe also.    It is said, that no body
knew what he was to do that morning, except
Mr   Walter Smith,  to  whom he imparted the
thoughts of his heart.    When he began, some
friends feared he would be shot.    His landlord,
in whose house he had been that night, cast his
coat and ran for it.    In the forenoon, he lectured
on Ezek. xxi. 25. &c. and preached on 1 Cor.
v. 13. and then discoursed some time on the nature of excommunication, and then proceeded to
the sentence: after which, in the afternoon, he
preached from Lam. iii. 31, 32. For theLord will
not cast off for ever.
The next Lord's day, he preached at Fallow-
hill, in the parish of Livingstone. In the preface, he said, " I know I am and will be condemned by many, for excommunicating those
wicked men, but condemn me who will, I know
1 am approven of by God, and am persuaded,
that what I have done on earth, is ratified in
heaven; for, if ever I knew the mind of God,
and was clearin my call to any piece of my generation-work, it was that.    And I shall give you
 14
two signs, that ye may know I am in no delusion; (1.) If some of these men do not find that
sentence binding upon them, ere they go off the
stage, and be obliged to confess it, &c. (2.) If
these men die the ordinary death of men, then
God hath not spoken by me.
About the 22d of October following, a long
and severe proclamation was issued out against
him and his followers, wherein a reward of 5Q00
meiks was offered for apprehending him, &c—-
Next month, Governor Middleton, having been
frustrated  in  his  design  upon   Mr  Cargill at
Queensferry, laid another plot for him, by consulting one James Henderson in Ferry, who, by
forging and signing letters, in the name of Bailie
Adam in Culross, and some other serious Christians in Fife, for Mr Cargill to come over, and
preach to them at the hill of Beith.    Accordingly, Henderson went to Edinburgh with the letters, and, after a most diligent search, found him
in the West Bow.    Mr Cargill being willing to
answer the call, Henderson proposed to go before, and hare a boat, ready at the  Ferry when
they came; and that he might know them, he
desired to see Mr Cargill's cloth, Mr Skeen and
Mr Boig being in the same room.    In the mean
time,  he had Middleton s soldiers lying at the
Mutton-hole, about three miles from Edinburgh.
Mr Skeen, Archibald Stuart,  Mrs Muir, and
Marion Hervey, took the way before, on foot:
Mr Cargill and Mr Boig being to follow on horseback.    Whenever they came to the place, the
soldiers spied them; but Mrs Muir escaped and
16
went and stopped Mr Cargill and Mr Boig, who
fled back to Edinburgh..
After this remarkable escape, Mr Cargill, seeing nothing but the violent flames of treachery
and tyranny against him, above all others, retired
for about three months to England, where the
Lord blessed his labours to the conviction and
edification of many. In the time of his absence
that delusion of the Gibbites arose, from one
John Gib sailor in Borrow-stounness, who, with
other three men, and twenty six women, vented
and maintained the most strange delusions. Some
time after, Mr Cargill returned from England,
and was at no small pains to reclaim them, but
with little success. After his last conference
with them, at Darngavel, in Cambusnethen parish, he came next Sabbath, and preached at the
Underbankwood, below Lanark, and from thence
to Loudon-hill, where he preached upon a fast
day, being the 5th of May. Here he intendeo
only to have preached once, and to have baptized some children. His text was, c No man tha<
hath followed me in the regeneration, &c.' Wiiex*
sermon was over, and the children baptized ^idre
children came up; whereupon friends pr<~ £d him
to preach in the afternoon ; which he aid, from
these Words, * Weep not for me/ &c. In the mean
while the enemy at Glasgow getting notice of
this meeting, seized all the horses in and about
the town, that they could come by, and mounted
in quest of him ; yea, such was their haste ana
fury, that one of the soldiers, who happened to
be behind the rest, riding furiously down the
street called the Stock well, at mid-day, rode over
 10
a child, and killed her on the spot. Just as Mr
Cargill was praying at the close, a lad alarmed
them of the enemy's approach. They having no
sentinels that day which was not their ordinary,
were surprised, so that some of them who had
been at Pentland, Bothwell, Airs-moss, and o-
ther dangers, were never so seized with fear,
some of the women, throwing their children from
them. In this confusion Mr Cargill was running straight on the enemy ; but Gavin Wother-
spoon and others haled him to the moss, unto
which the people fled. The dragoons fired hard
upon them, but there were none either killed or
taken that day. ^w bn«
-About this time, some spoke to Mr Cargill of
his preaching and praying short. They said,
M O Sir, it is long betwixt meals, and we are in
a starving condition; all is good, sweet, and
wholesome, that you deliver, but why do you so
straiten us?" He said, " Ever since I bowed a
knee in good earnest to pray, I never durst
P^ach, and pray with my gift; and when my
I **** is not affected, and comes not up with my
mo\£y 1 always think it time to quit it. What
comesr a, t from the heart, I have little hope it
will go t<Fuie hearts of others :" Then he repeated these words in the 51st psalm, " Then will I
teach transgressors thy way, &c."
From Loudon hill he took a tour through
Ayrshire to Carrick and Galloway, preaching,
baptizing, and marrying some people; but sta»d
not long until he returned to Clydesdale. He
designed, after his return, to have preached one
day at Tinto-hill, but the *Lady of St John's
17
Kirk gave it out to be at Home Common. He
being in the house of John Liddel, near Tinto,
went out to spend the Sabbath morning by himself; and seeing the people all passing by, he inquired the reason; which being told, he rose and
followed them five miles. The morning being
warm, (about the 1st of June,) and the heights
steep, he was very much fatigued before he got
to the place, where a man gave him a drink of
water out of his bonnet, and another between sermons ; this being the best entertainment he got
that day, for he had tasted nothing in the morning. Here he lectured on the 6th of Isaiah, and
preached on these words, "Be not high minded;
but fear, &c." From thence he went to Fy/
and baptised many children, and preached one
day at Daven common, and then returned to the
Benry-bridge in Cambusnethan, where he received a call from the hands of two men, to come
back to Galloway, but got it not answered.
Mr Cargill in that short time, had run very
fast towards his end, which now hastens apac%
Having left the Benry-bridge, he preached 1\j^
day at Auchingilloch, and then came t£ t J*oh
his last sermon on Dunsyre common, ^tween
Clydesdale and Lothian, upon the text Is. xxvi.
20. " Come my people and enter into your chambers, &c."
Some time that night, through the persuasion
of Mr Smith and Mr Boig, he went with the
Lady of St. John's Kirk, as far as Covington
mill, to the house of one Andrew Fisher. In
the mean time, James Irvine of Bonshaw* hav-
ng got a general commission, marched with a
 18
party of dragoons from Kilbride, and next mom
ing, by sun-rising, came to St John's Kirk, ana
having searched it, he searched also the house of
one Thomson, and then came to Covington-mill,
and there apprehended him,  Mr Smith, and Mr
Boig.    Bonshaw,   when  he found  them, cried
out, O blessed  Bonshaw! and blessed day that
ever I was born! that has found such a prize !
a prize of 5000 merks for apprehending him this
morning!    They marched hard to Lanark and
put them in jail, uiitil they got some refreshment
and then brought them out in haste, got horses
and set the prisoners on their bare backs.    Bonshaw tied Mr Cargill's  feet below   the horses
belly,  with his own hand, very hard; at which
this man looked down to him, and said, " Why
do you tie me so hard, your wickedness is great.
You will not long escape the just judgement of
God; and, if I be not mistaken it will seize you
in this very place."     Which   accordingly  next
year came to pass: for having got this price of
blood,   one of his  comrades, in a rage ran him
through with a sword at Lanark:  and his last
words were, " G—d d -n my soul eternally,
for I am gone."    Mischief shall hunt the violent
man.
They came to Glasgow in haste, fearing a
rescue of the prisoners: and while waiting at the
tolbooth, till the magistrates came to receive
them, one John Nisbet, the Archbishop's factor,
said to Mr,Cargill in ridicule, three times over,
Will you give us one word more? (alluding to
an expression he used sometimes when preaching) ;  to  whom   Mr  Cargill  said  with  regret,
19
"Mock not, lest your land* be made> iteong.
The day is coming, when you shallnot haveone
word toysay though you would." This aWcame
quickly to^pass; for, not many^days after, he fell
suddenly 4 and for three days his tongue swelled,
and though he was most earnest to speak, yet he
could not eommand one word, and died m great
torment, and seeming terror.
From Glasgow they were taken to Edinburgh,
and July 15th, were brought before the ^Goun-
| S     Chancellor   Rothes   ( bemg   one of those
whom he excommunicated at Torwood) raged
against him, threatening him with torture and a
I Solent death.    To whom he said, ' My Loid
Rothes, forbear to threaten me, for die what death
I   Twill, your eyes shall not see t-Which accord-
1 Wly came to paw; for he died the morning of
that day, in the afternoon of which Mr Cargill
SSmS the Council, he was asked, if he
acknowledged the King's authority, &c. he an-
swered as the magistrates authority is now es-
^bl shed by act of parliament, and explanatory
act  that hi denied the same.    Being ako exam-
toed anent the excommunication   at Torwood
he declined to answer, as being an ecclesiastica
matter, and they a civil judicatory.    He owned
the lawfulness of defensive arms, in cases ot     -
Sssity, and denied that those that rose at Both-
welt&e. Me rebels: and  being interrogated
arient the  Sanquhar declaration, he declined to
Sve his Judgment until he had more time to con;
S£ tLVcontents thereof.    He further declared
he could not give his sense of the killing of the
 m
Bishop; but that the scriptures say, upon the
Lord's giving a call to a private man to kill, he
might do it lawfully ; and gave the instances of
Jael and Phinehas.    These were the most mater*
ial points on which he was examined,
sxi While he was in prison, a gentlewoman who
came to visit him, told him,  weeping, " That
these Heaven daring enemies were contriving a
most violent death for him; some, a barrel  with
pikes to roll him in; others an iron-chaii,  red-
hot, to roll himi«|,r &c.    But he said, \ LeJ you
nor none of the Lord's people be  troubled for
these things, for all that they will get liberty to
do to me, will be to knit me  up, cut me down,
and chop off my old  head, and then  fare them
well; they have done with me, and with them for
ever,    om off} boib oil to! ;
He was again before the Council on the 19th,
but refusing to answer their questions, except
anent the excommunication. There was some
motion made to spare him, as he was an old man,
and send him prisoner to the Bass during life;
which motion buing put to a vote, was, by the
casting vote of the Earl of Rothes, rejected;
who doomed him to the gallows, there to die like
a traitor.
Upon the 26th he was brought before the justiciary, and indicted in common form. His confession being produced in evidence against him,
he was brought in guilty of high treason, and
condemned, with the rest, to be hanged at the
cross of Edinburgh, and his head placed on the
Nether Bow. When they came to these words
tn his indictment, vi^ having cast off all fear of
21
God, &c. he caused the clerk to stop, and, pointing to the Advocate, Sir George M'Kenzie,
said, ' The man that hath caused that paper to
be drawn up hath done it contrary to the light
of his own conscience, for he knoweth that 1
have been a fearer of God from mine infancy;
but that man, I say, who took the Holy Bible in
his hand, and said, It would never be well with
the land, until that book was destroyed, &c. I
say, he is the man that hath cast off all fear of
God/ The Advocate stormed at this, but could
not deny the truth thereof.
When they got their sentence announced by
sound of trumpet he said, " That is a weary sound,
but the sound of the last trumpet will be a joyful sound to me, and all that will be found having o:t Christ's righteousness.
Being come to the scaifold, he stood with his
back to the ladder, and desired the attention of
the numerous spectators; and after singing from
the 16th verse of the 118th psalm, he began to
&peak to three sorts of people; but being interrupted by the drum, he said, with a smiling countenance, 4 Ye see we have no liberty to speak
what we would, but God knoweth our hearts/
As he proceeded, he was again interrupted.
Then, after a little pause or silence, he began to
exhort the people; and to show his own comfort
in laying down his life, in the assurance of a
blessed eternity, expressing himself in these
words: ' Now, I am as sure of my interest in
Christ, and peace with God, as all within this
Bible and the Spirit of God can make me; and
i am fully persuaded,   that this is the very way
  : —
m
for which I suffer, and that he will return gloriously to Scotland;  but it will be terrifying to
many; therefore, I entreat you, be not discouraged at the way of Christ and the cause for which
I am to lay down my life, and step into eternity,
where my soul shall be as full of him as it can
desire to be;  and now this is the sweetest and
most glorious day that ever mine eyes did see.
Enemies are now enraged against the way and
people of God, but ere long they  shall be enraged one against another, to their own confusion. "    Here the drums did beat a third time.
Then setting his foot on the ladder,  he said,
" The Lord knows I go on this ladder with less
fear, and perturbation of mind, than ever I entered the pulpit to preach."—When up, he sat
down, and said, c Now I am near the getting of
the crown, which shall be sure, for which 1 bless
the Lord, and desire all of you to bless him, that
lie hath brought me here, and made me triumph
over devils, men, and sin.    They shall wound
me no more.    I forgive all men the wrongs they
have done me; and I pray the sufferers may be
kept from sin, and helped to know their duty/'
Then having prayed a little within himself, he
lifted up the napkin, and said, 'Farewell all relations and friends in Christ; farewell acquaintances and earthly enjoyments; farewell reading and
preaching, praying and believing, wanderings,
reproach, and sufferings.   Welcome Father, Son,
and Holy Ghost; into thy hands I commit my
spirit/    Then he prayed a little, and the executioner turned him over as he was praying; and
23
so he finished his course, and the ministry that he
had received of the Lord,   tsvowod bnu ; bs-tevH
Take his character from Sir Robert Hamilton
of Preston, who was his contemporary. He was
affectionate, affable*, and tender-hearted* to ill
such as he thought had any thing of the image
of God in them; sober and temperate in his diet,
saying commonly, It was well won that was won
off the flesh; generous, liberal and most charitable to the poor; a great hater of covetousness; a
frequent visitor of the sick; much alone, loving
to be retired; but when about his Master's public work, laying hold of every opportunity to edify ; in conversation, still dropping what might
minister grace to the hearers: his countenance
was edifying to beholders; often sighing with
deep groans: preaching in season, and out of
season, upon all hazards; ever the same in judgment and practice. From his youth, he was
much given to the duty of secret prayer, for whole
nights together; wherein it was observed* that,
both in secret and in families, he always sat
straight upon his knees, with his hands lifted up ;
and in this posture (as some took notice) he died
with the rope about his necktoi lusx jrfgiH
Besides his last speech and testimony, and
several other religious letters, with the lecture,
sermon, and sentence of excommunication at Tor-
wood, which, are all published, there are also
several other sermons, and notes of sermons, in-
terpersed among some peoples hands, in print and
manuscript, some of which,have been published,
Yet if we may believe Walker, in his remarkable
passages, &c,who heard severals of them preach-
 M
ed, they are nothing to what they were when de*
livered ; and however pathetieal, yet doubtless far
inferior to what they would have been, had they
been corrected and published by the worthy author himself.
AN ACROSTIC ON HIS NAME.
Most sweet and savoury is thy fame,
And more renowned is thy name,
Surely than any can record,
Thou higiilv favoured of the Lord.
Exalted thou on earth didst live;
Rich grace to thee the Lord did give.
During the time thou dwelt below,
On in a course to heaven didst go.
Not casten down with doubts and fears,
Assur'd of heaven near thirty years.
Labour thou didst in Christ's vineyard ;
Diligent wast, no time thou spar'd.
Christ's standard thou didst bear alone,
After others from it were gone.
Right zeal for truth was found in thee,
Great sinners eensurd'st faithfully.
In holding truth didst constant prove,
Laidst down thy life out of true love.
June 21, 1741. W. W.oov
FINIS,
••-doa^fo ffiertilc nasi
3

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