BC Sessional Papers

Services for People Annual Report 1978 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1982]

Item Metadata


JSON: bcsessional-1.0378753.json
JSON-LD: bcsessional-1.0378753-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcsessional-1.0378753-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcsessional-1.0378753-rdf.json
Turtle: bcsessional-1.0378753-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcsessional-1.0378753-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcsessional-1.0378753-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 te^\    province 01
MM)    British Columbia
I IfcjjTiVi'.lL* *JlcV»".Jtt<i m
Services for People
Annual Report
Honourable Grace M. McCarthy
With Fiscal Addendum
April 1, 1977 to March 31, 1978
Ministry of
Human Resources
 Victoria, B.C., March, 1979
To His Honour the Honourable Henry Bell-Irving,
D.S.O., O.B.E., E.D., Lieutenant-Governor of
the Province of British Columbia.
The Annual Report of the Ministry of Human
Resources for the calendar year 1978, with fiscal
and statistical addendum April 1, 1977 to March 31,
1978, is herewith respectfully submitted.
grace m. McCarthy
Minister of Human Resources
Office of the Minister of Human Resources
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
 Ministry of Human Resources
Victoria, B.C., March, 1979
The Honourable Grace M. McCarthy,
Ministry of Human Resources,
Victoria, B.C.
I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of
the Ministry of Human Resources for the calendar
year 1978, with fiscal and statistical addendum
April 1, 1977, to March 31, 1978.
Deputy Minister of Human Resources
On the following pages the reader will find a
summary of the Ministry of Human Resources'
programs and services for people during the
calendar year, 1978.
Formal accounting in the Ministry is on a
fiscal year basis ending March 31, and therefore
calendar year figures are estimates in a few
instances. A fiscal and statistical addendum in
section VIII of this Report provides additional
tables for he 1977/78 fiscal year period.
The Annual Report is divided into the
following sections:
I Administration and Organization
II Family and Children's Services
III Income Maintenance Services
IV Health Care Services
V Community Programs Services
VI Residential Care for Adults and
Handicapped Children
VII Legislation Administered
VIII Fiscal and Statistical Addendum, 1977/78
Highlights of 1978 - Deputy Minister's Report    11
Summary of Expenditures    12
Federal and Municipal Cost Sharing 13
Regional Map   16
Ministry Organization and Administration .... 19
The Service Delivery System   23
Ministry Comptroller's Office    23
Management Information Systems 24
Audit Team  24
Office Administration 24
Personnel and Staff Training    24
Information Services 25
Lower Mainland Support Services    26
Inspectors Program  27
Research and Statistics Division 27
Federal-Provincial Agreements    28
Preventive and Protective Services for
Children and Their Families  31
Repatriation of Transient and
Destitute Children 34
Family Support Homemakers Services 34
Child Day Care 35
Child Adoptions   36
Special Services to Children and
Their Families 37
Infant Development Program   38
Children's Rehabilitation Resources    38
Child Fostering Program 40
 Therapeutic Homes for Children    41
Group Homes for Children  41
Specialized Residential Treatment Programs  ..41
Evaluation Team 42
Provincial Inservice Resource Team    43
B.C. Council for the Family 44
Guaranteed Available Income
for Need (GAIN) 47
Provincial Rehabilitation and Employment
Program (PREP)   51
Incentive Allowance Program    52
Community Involvement Program  52
Training and Education Program    52
Repatriation    53
Burials 53
Hostels    53
Health Care Services 57
Pharmacare   58
Community Grants Program 61
Community Human Resources and
Health Centres    68
Counselling 69
Work Activity Projects  69
Achievement Centres Program 69
Senior Citizens Counsellors    72
Seniors Day Centres Program 72
Handicapped Industries Guild    73
Community Living Society 73
Bus Passes 74
Residential Services for the Handicapped   .... 77
Woodlands    78
Tranquille    79
Glendale    79
April 1, 1977 to March 31, 1978    87
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Report of the Deputy Minister,
John Noble
I will start by saying 'thank you' to all the
staff of the Ministry, who have chosen a field in
which there is often very little thanks and much
criticism, either for not doing enough or for
doing too much. The satisfactions of the work
are apparent in the enthusiasm shown by so
many over many years of service.
Support services to families and children
continued to be apriority in 1978. Two hundred
and sixty-five Family Support Workers with
backgrounds in child care were designated in the
local offices throughout the Province to provide
support services to families. Family Support
Workers attempt to assist families to resolve the
problems causing stress, with long-term
follow-up by social workers. Though the
programme was in full operation only for the
last four months of the year, evidence already
shows that Family Support Workers have been
successful in assisting families to stay together,
improve their coping skills and manage
A draft Family and Child Services Act was
released in September 1978 for public
discussion and comment. The intent of the Act
in its final form will be to replace the Protection
of Children Act, to emphasize the role of the
family in caring for children and to provide the
family with the support services needed to carry
out this responsibility. Public comment has been
considerable and many valuable contributions
will be considered in preparing a Bill for
presentation to the Legislature.
The Ministry continues its emphasis on
preventive services for children through the
expansion of the Infant Development
Programme which assists parents to act as
therapists for their own children who have been
diagnosed as developmentally delayed. With
this programme, handicaps can be prevented or
significantly reduced through adequate
stimulation in infancy.
On the principle that it is the duty of public
servants to ensure co-ordinated delivery of
services, the Ministry has co-operated with
others in a number of ways. With the approval
of Cabinet, Children's Committees have been
established at the Provincial, Regional and local
levels by the Ministries of the Attorney-General,
Education, Health and Human Resources.
A manual on child abuse has been prepared
for joint use by a range of professionals in
recognition of the need for co-ordinated action
in dealing with this family problem. A manual
on court proceedings in child welfare has been
jointly produced by the Ministry and the
Provincial Court of British Columbia for use by
Judges and Social Workers.
In the administration of income assistance,
accountability has been emphasized. During
1978 the Ministry's ability to monitor and
control its programmes was greatly enhanced
with the full development of the internal Audit
Team and the Inspector's programme.
Members of the Audit Team make regular
visits to Ministry offices and provide managers
with information on the functioning of various
systems and adherance to policy. The Inspectors
follow up on all information received on
suspected abuse of income assistance.
The staff of the Provincial Rehabilitation
Employment Programme continue to ensure that
all available work opportunities are used as
alternatives to income assistance wherever
These efforts are based on the belief that
constant improvement of the accountability and
credibility of Ministry programmes will provide
the most benefit to those who are in need of our
Human Resources
Figure 1 Ministerial Expenditures, 1978
($558.2 million)
Families and               7^-—-
Children                     /
Health Services
10.4%                       /
$57.9            Community
for the
Table 1 Ministry of Human Resources
Gross Expenditures - Comparison of
Fiscal Years 1974-75 to 1977-78 and
Calendar Year 1978
1. Administration and
Community Services   68.5
(Headquarters operations;
administrative and support
services; field personnel,
building occupancy and computer
2. Service for families and
children 57.9
(Group, receiving, and foster
homes; treatment resources; day
care; special services to children;
adoption services)
3. Income assistance   212.9
(Basic assistance; low-income
supplement; burials;
transportation; repatriation;
special needs; education and
4. Services for seniors and
handicapped  116.9
(GAIN for seniors, GAIN for
handicapped, personal,
intermediate and nursing home
care*; homemaker services;
achievement centres for
5. Health Services 44.3
(Drugs; dental; optical; medical;
medical transportation;
emergency health aid)
6. Community programs   18.4
(Grants to community-based
non-profit societies; work
activity projects)
7. Special programs for
the retarded  39.3
(Residential programs at
Woodlands, Tranquille,
Glendale, and other
*now transferred to Ministry of Health's
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
The Ministry of Human Resources provides a
wide range of services to families and children,
and those disadvantaged because of age,
handicap, and unemployment. Expenditures for
the calendar year 1978 totalled $558.2 million.
Table 1 illustrates a comparison from 1974-75
through 1978.
The Federal Government continued to
contribute a significant proportion of Ministry
operating and program costs under an agreement
with the provinces provided for in the Canada
Assistance Plan (CAP) Act of 1967.
According to the terms of the Canada
Assistance Plan, and within specified limits, the
Province may claim from the Federal
Government up to 50 per cent of the Provincial
expenditures on income assistance and social
service benefits, provided they are administered
according to Provincial legislation that is within
the limits prescribed in the Federal Canada
Assistance Plan Act.
The Province continues to negotiate toward
optimum sharing and, because the Federal
legislation sets no ceiling on the gross amount
to be shared, the Federal share of costs has been
increasing. However, only some programs are
shareable under the Canada Assistance Plan
Act. For instance, income assistance and child
welfare services are shareable, but the
Guaranteed Available Income for Need
payments to persons 60 years and over are only
partially shareable, and the GAIN payments to
persons receiving Old Age Security and the
Pharmacare expenditures to persons 65 years
and over are not yet shareable.
Municipalities also cost-share income
assistance programs, day care subsidies, health
care programs, maintenance of dependent
children, homemaker service, and adult care. In
1978, municipalities were charged $27,021,211
or approximtely 10 per cent of the cost of these
programs. Throughout this Report reference is
made to cost-sharing between the Federal and
Provincial Governments, but for the programs
described in this Report, municipal sharing is
included as part of the Provincial contribution.
  Section I
Regional Map   16
Ministry Organization and Administration .... 19
The Service Delivery System   23
Ministry Comptroller's Office    23
Management Information Systems 24
Audit Team  24
Office Administration 24
Personnel and Staff Training    24
Information Services 25
Lower Mainland Support Services   26
Inspectors Program  27
Research and Statistics Division 27
Federal-Provincial Agreements    28
December, 1977 ^^^^»*
1. Vancouver City, East area
2. Vancouver City, Burrard area
3. Okanagan
4. Kootenays
5. Prince George/Cariboo
6. Fraser Valley
7. Prince Rupert/Bulkley Valley
8. North and South Peace River
9. Kamloops Mainline
10. Vancouver Island North of Malahat
11. Victoria and Area
12. Fraser South
13. Fraser North
14. West Coast
16. Vancouver City, South area
17. Vancouver City, West area
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Recent changes in the Ministry's organization
and administration reflect the consolidation of
provincial social services under the Ministry of
Human Resources, completed in 1977.
A Division of Lower Mainland Support
Services was established to house those Ministry
activities in the lower mainland area which
could not be regionalized.
All accounting and cheque-generating
activities were consolidated under the Ministry
Comptroller's office, while personnel-related
activities, including Staff Training and the
Library, were consolidated under the Division
of Personnel Administration. A Division of
Information Services was established in
recognition of the Ministry's increased
responsibilities for good internal and public
communications. Similarly, the new
Management Services Division reflects the
Ministry's increased need for improved
management information systems.
The Ministry of Human Resources delivers a
broad range of social services and income
security programs, including social allowances,
assistance to the handicapped, age benefits,
Pharmacare, services to the retarded, day care,
homemakers, child welfare and a variety of
related programs. Policy, priorities and program
content for these services and programs are
determined by Government through legislation,
Orders-in-Council, and Ministerial direction. The
administrative implications to put these
directives into effect require the organization of
people, their effort and procedures.
The nature of the programs and functions of
the Ministry have required the establishment of
a decentralized organization composed of two
large institutions serving the mentally retarded
and sixteen regions. Support services to these
operations are partially decentralized; however,
there is also a central body composed of
professional and administrative positions
organized into program and administrative
divisions to provide services, program
monitoring and policy control for the
decentralized operations. Overall direction and
control of the organization is provided by the
Office of the Deputy Minister and the Executive
In recent years the Ministry has evolved a
flexible, functional reporting system to enable
this large and complex organization to respond
quickly and efficiently to changing policies,
programs and conditions. This reporting system,
which involves delegation, assignment of
accountabilities, direction and control, can be
described graphically as a series of concentric
rings. At the centre of this organization is the
Deputy Minister's Office. Succeeding rings or
spheres of accountability and authority extend
outward into the service delivery system,
culminating with direct service program activity
at the local office.
Human Resources
1/ The Deputy Minister and Assistant Deputy
Minister are responsible for ensuring that the
Ministry's policies, priorities, and program
content as determined by the Government are
administered appropriately. Twelve senior and
middle management positions report directly to
the Office of the Deputy. The Assistant Deputy
Minister carries, by delegation, organizational
responsibilities assigned to the Deputy Minister
and any of these twelve positions may report on
assignment to the Assistant Deputy Minister. In
addition to the Deputy and Assistant Deputy,
the Office of the Deputy Minister consists of a
Coordinator of Executive Staff and four
administrative support staff.
2/ Executive Committee members advise the
Deputy Minister on matters relating to policy
and administration and assume over-all
responsibility for assigned programs and the
delivery of all services in designated geographic
areas of the Province. The members include the
Deputy and Assistant Deputy Ministers, five
Executive Directors, and the Ministry
Comptroller. Program and regional assignments
to Executive Committee members may change
from time-to-time in response to shifting
workload demands and priorities. 1978
assignments to Executive Committee members
are depicted on the following organizational
3/ Managerial personnel are assigned
responsibility for the administration of a
particular program or the delivery of all services
in a regional management area. In 1978 there
were 11 divisional managers, the Superintendent
of Child Welfare, two institutional managers
(Tranquille and Woodlands), and 16 regional
4/ Supervisory personnel are assigned
responsibility for the delivery of services in a
local district office, a divisional subsection
(such as Foster Homes or GAIN for Seniors), or
a department or service facility in a larger
institution (such as Nursing, Dietary or
5/ Social workers; child care workers;
financial assistance workers; case aides;
psychologists; dietary, housekeeping, nursing,
maintenance, and treatment staff of the
institutions, and the administrative support staff
who service the almost 200 work locations about
the Province, provide the Ministry's services
and programs at the local level.
DECEMBER 31,1978
Honourable Grace M. McCarthy
John Noble - Deputy Minister
E.L. Northup - Assistant Deputy Minister
D. Bingham
R. Burnham
R.K. Butler
REGIONS 5,7 & 8
Community Projects
Inspectors Program
REGIONS 10 & 11
Family and
REGIONS 3,4 & 9
Health Care
Personnel and
Staff Training
:...:'.'t^-' JV*_-;.:^
R.F. Cronin
Superintendent of
Child Welfare
Lower Mainland
Support Services
Management Services
Information Services
H. Saville
Income Assistance
M. Cook
Financial Services
Accounting Services
GAIN for Seniors
and Handicapped
SAFER Program
Audit Services
Office Administration
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
The Ministry's basic delivery unit for the
numerous social welfare programs is the local
district office under the direction of a supervisor.
These are located in all larger communities and
within relatively easy commuting distance of the
smaller communities, except along the British
Columbia coast and in the northwest extremities of
the Province. By design and policy, the size of the
offices is limited and an effort is made to identify
the office with a particular neighbourhood or area.
The Province has been divided into 16
management regions under the direction of a
Regional Manager. The Ministry's regions are as
Region 1: Vancouver City, East area, with 13 local
Region 2: Vancouver City, Burrard area, with 9
local offices;
Region 3: Okanagan, headquarters at Vernon with
offices at Grand Forks, Kelowna, Oliver,
Penticton and Vernon;
Region 4: Kootenays, headquarters at Nelson with
offices at Castlegar, Cranbrook, Creston, Fernie,
Invermere, Kimberley, Nelson, New Denver,
and Trail;
Region 5: Prince George/Cariboo, headquarters
at Prince George, with offices at Prince George
(five offices), Fort St. James, Mackenzie, 100
Mile House, Quesnel, Vanderhoof and Williams
Region 6: Fraser Valley, headquarters at
Abbotsford, with offices at Abbotsford,
Chilliwack, Hope, Maple Ridge, Mission
and Langley;
Region 7: Prince Rupert/Bulkley Valley,
headquarters at Terrace, with offices at Burns
Lake, Houston, Kitimat, Prince Rupert, Queen
Charlotte City, Smithers, Terrace and
Region 8: North and South Peace River,
headquarters at Dawson Creek, with offices at
Dawson Creek, Fort St. John, Fort Nelson,
Chetwynd and Cassiar (opened November,
Region 9: Kamloops Mainline, headquarters at
Kamloops, with offices at Cache Creek,
Golden, Kamloops (two offices), Lillooet,
Merritt, Revelstoke, Salmon Arm,
Clearwater and Princeton;
Region 10: Vancouver Island North of Malahat,
headquarters at Duncan, with offices at
Campbell River, Courtenay, Duncan,
Nanaimo, Wellington, Parksville, Port
Alberni, Port Hardy, and Alert Bay;
Regional 11: Victoria and area (Capital Regional
District) with 13 local offices;
Region 12: Fraser South, headquarters at Delta,
with offices at Delta (two offices), Richmond
(two offices), Surrey (five offices), and White
Region 13: Fraser North, headquarters at New
Westminster, with offices at Burnaby (three
offices), and New Westminster (two offices);
Region 14: Burrard South Coast, headquarters
at Vancouver, with offices at Sechelt, Coquitlam
(two offices), Port Moody, North Vancouver
(two offices), Squamish, West Vancouver, Bella
Coola, Powell River and Port Coquitlam;
Region 16: Vancouver City, South area, with nine
local offices;
Region 17: Vancouver City, West area, with five
local offices.
The Ministry Comptroller's Office is responsible
for all matters pertaining to financial accounting
and fiscal control within the Ministry. During 1978,
the support services divisions of Research, Office
Administration, and the Audit Team were added to
the Comptroller's Office to improve efficiency and
communication. The activities of each of these
Divisions is reported separately. The most
satisfactory change, however, was the highly
successful integration of the Accounting Division
of the former Vancouver Resources Board with the
Comptroller's Office. A major benefit derived from
this change was the introduction to the Ministry of a
more versatile management oriented accounting
system. The Ministry plans to study the feasibility
of expanding the system to the whole Ministry.
Upgrading accounting policy and procedure
manuals, providing consultation and conducting
training sessions for field staff continued to be high
priorities in 1978, especially as more and more
responsibilities are regionalized.
Human Resources
The objective of Management Services
Division is to provide the Ministry with
effective management information and operating
systems. It is responsible for the development,
design, implementation and maintenance of
these systems. It supports line management and
staff in identifying and formulating their
needs and coordinates activities with British
Columbia Systems Corporation, which provides
equipment and specialized technical expertise.
During 1978 the GAIN processing and
payment system used in the Greater Vancouver
area was successfully introduced throughout the
Lower Mainland and metropolitan Victoria.
Development of an on-line inquiry and data entry
capability continued and should be ready for field
testing during the early part of 1979.
New systems are being developed for
Pharmacare, bus passes plan and Woodlands
educational programs. The Ministry is also
conducting an extensive feasibility study which will
result in requirement definitions for a major Family
and Children Services Management Information
The objective of the Ministry's Audit Team is to
audit the administration of Ministry programs.
During 1978 the Audit Team consisted of nine
auditors, a supervisor, one full-time stenographer
and one half-time stenographer.
The Audit Team's first priority during 1978 has
been to perform internal audits of Ministry offices
and programs concentrating on determining the
standard of compliance with policies, accuracy of
recording of information and on evaluating
operational efficiency and controls.
The second priority has been to perform financial
reviews and operational audits of institutions where
Ministry funds or services are provided, and in
organizations operated by societies receiving
Ministry grants and/or funding to administer social
During 1978, the Audit Team completed the
following audits:
Ministry District Offices  84
Ministry P.R.E.P. Offices  10
Society operated organizations and institutions   30
Ministry Central Office Divisions      1
Ministry operated institutions     3
Special Program Reviews      1
On the basis of the audit recommendations,
improvements have been made to individual office
procedures and corrective action has been taken
concerning specific client cases. Also,
recommendations have resulted in policy changes
and clarifications having general application to
Ministry programs.
The Division of Office Administration provides a
range of administrative support services to the
Ministry. These include analysis and consultation
on administrative requirements in a variety of
program areas; coordinating the purchase of
supplies and equipment; distribution of forms;
planning and coordination of office space and
buildings; and the printing and distribution of
program policy, procedures, and administrative
The Division is also responsible for Headquarters
mail services and for the issuance of bus passes to
senior citizens.
The objective of the Division of Personnel and
Staff Training is to provide support services to the
Ministry in the areas of organization and
classification of studies; labour relations; safety;
and in the recruitment, orientation, work
performance evaluation, and training of staff.
The Division also has responsibility for the
delivery of library services to the Ministry's
In 1978, the number of permanent positions in
the Ministry increased from 3,217 to 3,794. This
increase is primarily due to the integration with
the Ministry of Human Resources of the former
Vancouver Resources Board on January 1, 1978,
and secondly, due to the addition of positions for
the new Family Support Worker program.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
After the integration into the Ministry of the
Vancouver Resources Board, a number of V.R.B.
sections were consolidated into existing Ministry
Divisions (e.g. Office Administration, Accounts)
and a number of formerly centralized functions in
Vancouver were decentralized to regions (e.g. Day
Care Information Services, Volunteer Services,
Alternate Education Program). Personnel Services
in Victoria, Personnel Services in Vancouver
(formerly with the Vancouver Resources Board),
Staff Training Division and Library Services were
As a result of the closure of the Island Youth and
Guthrie Centres, a re-training program for
approximately 80 staff was developed and
implemented and all staff and positions resulting
from the closure of the Island Youth and Guthrie
Centres were reassigned. Appropriate job
classifications were established for Family Support
Worker Program and the staff for this program were
recruited and assigned. Initial and ongoing
training was provided to the Child Care Counsellors
working in the Family Support Worker Program.
A number of organization changes were made to
Ministry District Offices (e.g. Surrey District
Offices decentralized from one to five offices, New
Denver and Hope District Offices established as
independent offices; and Merritt and Princeton
District Offices were consolidated into the same
region under one supervisor). Both Management
Services Division and Information Services
Divison were established as a result of
organizational studies. The organization and
classifications of Community Projects Divison and
the P. R. E. P. Offices in downtown Vancouver were
totally reviewed.
Training programs were developed and
implemented for Administrative Assistants and
Family and Children's Services' Coordinators in
the Regional Managers' support staff.
The book and periodical collection of the former
V.R.B. was transferred and integrated with the
collection in Victoria, and the collection was
expanded to include child psychology, remedial
tutoring, sexual dysfunctioning, labour relations
and job skills. Comprehensive bibliographies in the
subject areas of Mental Retardation, Child Abuse
and Foster Family Care were compiled and the
Tables-of-Contents service was expanded to
include special interest groups, i.e. Adoption
Services, Child Abuse Teams, Family Support
Workers, P.R.E.P. and Clinical Services. The book
and serial catalogues of U.B.C., Simon Fraser and
the University of Victoria were obtained on
Table 2 Personnel Activities
1978 Ministry I978 Ministry 1977 Ministry
Total Including    Total ** Excluding   Total Excluding
Vancouver Vancouver Vancouver
Vacancies Filled   922 675 729
Promotions   122 81 76
Reclassifications*      79 49 158
Resignations  577 417 831
Transfers (non-promotional
movement of staff)   176 138 79
* Reclassification figures do not include excluded positions.
** Figures for 1978 excluding Vancouver are provided this
year only in order to provide for a meaningful comparison
with last years figures.
The Information Services Division was
created in mid-1978 in recognition of the
increased number of Ministry personnel and the
Ministry's province-wide scope. Its objective is
to provide information about the Ministry's
services and programs to the public, the press
and to staff.
The Information Services Division operates
out of two offices in Victoria and Vancouver.
The Manager of the Division began work in
Victoria in mid-1978 and supervises the Media
Resources office and the Community Relations
office in Vancouver.
Initial activities of the Division included
identifying and assessing the needs of the
Ministry for information services, through
questionnaires and personal contact with
Managers. Areas identified as deserving priority
were the development of greater public
understanding of the Ministry's mandate, the
provision of adequate information materials to
assist staff in communicating with the public,
and improvement in inter-Ministerial
As a result, the Division is in the process of
producing information packages for use in foster
recruitment, fairs and exhibitions, staff
orientation, and general public information. The
packages will consist of both written and
audio-visual information material for the use of
staff and for staff to use in communicating with
the public.
Media Resources staff also continue to work
closely with the staff training division in
production of audio-visual materials for staff
Human Resources
Lower Mainland Support Services provides a
variety of special services primarily to regions
in the Vancouver and Lower Mainland areas.
This is accomplished through a network of 10
sections. The largest, Emergency Services,
provides after-hours emergency response for the
Greater Vancouver area out of two offices - 52
Water Street, Vancouver, and 1062 Austin
Road, Coquitlam; the Gastown teenage street
program; and emergency assistance (food and
shelter) on a one-night only basis. The services
operation out of the Gastown office are a
combined effort with Metropolitan Health,
Vancouver City Police Department and the
Ministry of the Attorney-General - Corrections
(Probation) Branch.
The Child Abuse Team is a staff development
resource for the Ministry throughout the
Province as well as providing expert
consultation to the eight Lower Mainland
Clerical Services provides a central index and
file repository, clerical training and expertise,
and stock room to regions 1,2, 16 and 17.
Court Services is responsible for the provision
of legal services to regions 1,2, 16 and 17
where Court action either has been initiated or
is contemplated pursuant to the provisions of the
Protection of Children Act, the Juvenile
Delinquents Act or the Children of Unmarried
Parents Act. (see Tables 3 and 4).
In-Home Services provides homemakers,
emergency homemakers and handymen to
clients in emergency circumstances which indicate
such services will preserve the family unit.
Volunteer Services co-ordinates the work of
three hundred volunteers to provide a wide
variety of services to children and families,
including transportation, tutoring and
The Human Sexuality Consultant provides, on
a Province-wide basis, workshops for social
workers, child care workers, volunteers, foster
parents, parents and teachers of the retarded,
and others.
Orthopsychiatric Services offers psychiatric
and psychological consultative services, as well
as treatment programs where possible. This
section also provides supportive services to staff
in custody, apprehension and adoption court
cases, and assessment and intervention in cases
of child abuse or family violence. In 1978 this
section gave 44 workshops for staff and saw
more than 1,000 clients.
Medical Clinic provides medical examinations
to children coming into care, and ongoing
monitoring of children while in the care of the
Nutritional Services main function is to
provide assistance and support to those
low-income people who are having difficulty
providing adequate food for themselves or their
Table 3 Lower Mainland Support
Services, Court Services Division
Statistics, Protection of Children Act,
January, 1978 - December, 1978
Apprehensions  378
Supervision Orders    99
Temporary Orders 358
Permanent Orders   152
Other appearances
(Adjournments, Reports, Orders
for Substitutional Service, etc.)   1,413
Total appearances   2,400
(These figures reflect the number of families, not children.
Orders refer to first and subsequent Orders and include
contested hearings.)
Table 4 Lower Mainland Support
Services, Court Services Division
statistics, Children of Unmarried Parents
Act, January 1978 to December 1978
Active Cases   228
Brief Service   15
New Referrals  41
Transferred Cases   10
Closed Cases   21
Lump Sum Settlements   8
Three-Party Agreements  5
Court Action:  238
a) Laying Complaint (new cases)   27
b) Show Cause  23
c) Application to Vary  17
d) Application to Rescind  5
e) Application for Security
for Performance of Order   3
f) Garnishee Order	
g) Reciprocal Enforcement of
Maintenance Order (REMO)  4
h) Adjournments  159
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
This program was initiated in mid 1976 to
investigate alleged or suspected client abuse of
welfare programs administered by the Ministry
of Human Resources. The Inspectors make
recommendations for policy and procedures to
prevent potential fraud in welfare programs,
recover where possible client-initiated
over-payments of benefits, and prepare and
submit appropriate cases to court for prosecution.
At the end of 1978 there were 28 Provincial
Inspectors, including a Program Coordinator,
and one Inspector working full time on
Pharmacare cases. It is the responsibility of
each Inspector to receive complaints or
information concerning alleged fraudulent
practises by people applying for benefits. They
are located throughout the Province at Regional
The Inspectors continue to concentrate their
efforts towards identifying weaknesses in
application and administrative procedures which
could facilitate fraud by those so inclined.
Frequently, Inspectors attend lectures and
workshops to advise field workers on ways and
means to prevent fraud during application.
Concentrated effort is made to terminate
assistance to those who are found to be
In all cases close liaison is maintained with
the case worker responsible for the client. The
deterrent effect of the program is difficult to
measure, but it is obviously present.
Statistics in Tables 5, 6, and 7 for the
calendar year ending December 31, 1978 cover
the work of the program.
Table 5 Monthly Reports of cases
referred to Inspectors for Investigation
January   297
February  289
March  371
April   328
May  329
June  322
July  291
August   337
September  299
October  294
November  367
December   292
Note: In addition to the foregoing cases referred to the
Inspectors, many other cases of client-induced overpayments
are dealt with monthly by staff directly responsible for
administering income assistance and social services.
Table 6 Statistics for all Regions January
1 to December 31,1978
Total number of cases reported for investigation -
Charges laid   268
Cases still before the Courts  212
Cases still under investigaton  2,282
Unfounded complaints or insufficient
evidence to proceed   866
Settlements otherwise (than Court) negotiated   375
Values of recoveries made, ordered or
agreed to   $420,313.73
The addition of a new staff member during
1978 facilitated a renewed emphasis on the
statistical responsibilities of Research and
Statistics Division. Perhaps the most important
innovation in this area was the adoption of a
computer produced statistical system for the
Income Assistance Program. The Division has
also taken over responsibility for producing the
provincial summaries of two major Income
Assistance reports and is in the process of
reviewing the statistical systems in the Family
and Children's Services area. The Division has
also undertaken to obtain census data for each
region and district office area.
Development of the Predictive Model of
Basic Income Assistance Caseloads and Costs
was completed when it was fully integrated into
the Ministry budgeting process. At the same
time, preliminary work on a predictive model
for the Gain for Seniors and Handicapped
Programs was begun. The two models have
many features in common and it is hoped that,
during the coming year, they can be integrated
so that the Gain for Seniors and Handicapped
Model can benefit from the more advanced
development of the Basic Income Assistance
The Income Assistance Survey moved
forward considerably in 1978. Data gathering
finished at the end of April when one full year
of interviewing was completed. Since that time
efforts have been concentrated on coding the
interviews and preparing the data for analysis. It
is anticipated that detailed analysis will begin
early in 1979.
Human Resources
A project to assess the eligibility determination
process of the GAIN Supplementary Age
Benefits to Old Age Security/Guaranteed Income
Supplement/Spouses Allowance Program entered
its final stage during 1978. During the first half
of the year a sample of approximately 2,000
clients were interviewed by field workers across
the Province. This process entailed many logistic
problems but the wholehearted cooperation of the
field staff made possible the desired level of
success. The data from these interviews have
since been coded and work on the final analysis
and report has begun.
Efforts to improve the Division's access to
program data was greatly facilitated by the use
of a time sharing computer system. As a result
the ability of Research and Statistics Division to
provide quick answers to important questions
has continued to improve. This in turn has
brought about a greater demand for this type of
service so that it now consumes the largest
block of the Division's resources.
The Federal-Provincial Agreements section is a
new section of the Ministry established in
recognition of the increasing complexity of Federal
Programs and their significant impact on provincial
services, revenues, and expenditures. The
objectives of the section are to ensure that, within
Ministry policy, maximum revenues are obtained
through federal cost sharing agreements; to ensure
that the Ministry's position, as it relates to federal
programs, is presented in inter-provincial and
interministry meetings; and to ensure that in the
preparation of Ministry programs the impact of
federal cost sharing agreements and other
government and Ministry programs are taken into
In order to achieve these objectives, the section is
responsible for consultation and evaluation of
ministry programs with respect to cost sharing;
negotiation and consultation with federal officials
on cost sharing legislation and on federal programs
such as unemployment insurance and family
allowance programs which affect Ministry
programs; negotiations with federal officials with
respect to income assistance and family and
children's services to native people; preparation and
coordination of Ministry proposals for federal-
provincial and inter-provincial meetings of
ministers and of officials; organization of interprovincial meetings of Ministers of Social Services
and officials when held in British Columbia; and
development with appropriate Ministry divisions
and other Ministries, of program proposals for
the Ministry.
As of April 1, the staff compliment of a manager,
two program analysts and a secretary was in place.
During the first part of the year the main efforts of
the section were directed towards interpretation and
evaluation of the federal social service financing
legislation, which would have replaced the cost
sharing of welfare services under the Canada
Assistance Plan. The fiscal restraint policy of the
federal government announced during the summer
resulted in the indefinite postponement of the
proposed block funding under the social services
financing legislation. Also, during the first part of
the year the section organized the first interprovincial meeting of Deputy Ministers of social
services held at Vancouver in April. For this
meeting the section prepared a paper on interprovincial consultation. The ideas put forward to
the provincial Deputy Ministers were later accepted
by provincial Ministers of social services at their
meeting in September.
With the fiscal restraint policy of the federal
government, the section's efforts were focused on
assessing the impact on the Ministry's programs of
the federal changes to unemployment insurance and
family allowance. In addition to assessing the
impact of unemployment insurance changes, the
section worked with the Ministry of Labour to
develop an alternative to the federal changes in
unemployment insurance. This alternative, which
was supported by other provinces, was presented to
the federal government at the federal-provincial
meeting of Ministers of Social Services held in
 Section II
Introduction    31
Preventive and Protective Services for
Children and Their Families  31
Repatriation of Transient and
Destitute Children 34
Family Support Homemakers Services 34
Child Day Care   35
Child Adoptions    36
Special Services to Children and
Their Families 37
Infant Development Program   38
Children's Rehabilitation Resources     38
Child Fostering Program 40
Therapeutic Homes for Children    41
Group Homes for Children   41
Specialized Residential Treatment Programs  . . 41
Evaluation Team 42
Provincial Inservice Resource Team    43
B.C. Council for the Family  44
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
During 1978, Family & Children's Services
Division activities reflected the Ministry's
continuing efforts to provide support to families,
enabling children in crisis to remain within their
own homes and communities. One of the most
significant moves in this direction was the
designation of 265 Family Support Workers in local
offices throughout the province, to provide direct
assistance to families in crisis. Early results of an
evaluation of this service would indicate that in
many situations it has enabled the family to remain
intact and resolve the crisis without further
Government intervention.
Regional Family and Children's Services
Coordinators were appointed during 1978, with
responsibility for improving standards and
monitoring of services to children and families
at local levels.
An increase in the maximum subsidies available
to parents using Day Care Services was introduced.
As well, the income testing formula was changed to
allow more families in lower and lower middle
income groups to receive higher subsidies.
Efforts to improve the coordination and
communication between Ministries involved with
the delivery of services to children were highlighted
during this past year, with the establishment of a
Deputy Minister's Interministerial Children's
Committee (I.M.C.C.). As well as the Ministry of
Human Resources, the Ministries of Health,
Education Science and Technology, and the
Attorney General are actively involved. Regional
and local counterparts of this committee were
appointed to deal with a number of issues requiring
interministerial cooperation. An interministerial
Manual dealing with child abuse policy was
completed and will be circulated for use by those
professionals with whom these children and
families first come into contact.
Foster homes continue to be our most
essential resource for children for whom we are
responsible. Nearly 5,500 B.C. families are
sharing their homes and committing their
energies to this program, involving more than
5,700 children.
Another program to receive attention during
1978 was Adoption. A Ministry Adoption Task
Force was established in September to review
Adoption Policies and Practices in British
Columbia. With very few infants available for
adoption in comparison to the number of families
wishing to adopt, many prospective parents are
experiencing lengthy waiting periods. This
program review continues into 1979.
Also in September, a draft Family and Child
Services Act was released for discussion in the
form of a ' 'White Paper''. Since this Act will
impact Family and Children's Services policies
and practices, the development and completion
of this legislation during 1979 is anticipated with
much interest.
The Protection of Children Act, a Provincial
statute, provides for legal authority of the
Superintendent of Child Welfare to intervene in the
affairs of a family. Where necessary, the
Superintendent may involve the Provincial Court
when care of a child falls below the minimal
acceptable standards of the community in which the
child lives, or when a child's life or health may be
endangered by the action or lack of action of the
parents. Only a small portion of these cases result in
court action. The Superintendent's representatives
in Ministry of Human Resources offices seek
alternatives to help families resolve their problems
and improve the standard of care for their children
so that the family may be maintained as a unit in
preference to court action which may result in the
removal of children from the home. In all matters
involving the protection of children and services to
their families, the most successful planning has
been evolved with community understanding and
These efforts cannot always succeed in
preventing the removal of children who, for their
own safety and well-being, need to be separated
from their parents. Service to the family continues
during separation with a view to the earliest
possible return of the child.
In those cases where a permanant separation is
ordered by the court, every effort is made to find a
permanent resource in which the child can remain
until independent. In some circumstances and for
some older children, ties with the natural family are
maintained through visiting even though the child is
in the permanent care of the Superintendent of Child
Human Resources
1978 has shown a notable increase in the number
of reports received to the Registry of Abused or
Neglected Children.
There are now two medical-social work child
abuse teams, one based in the Vancouver General
Hospital and the other based in the Royal
Columbian Hospital, New Westminster.
As well, two child abuse teams staffed by the
Ministry of Human Resources personnel are
located in Vancouver and Coquitlam and serve
the Lower Mainland and Fraser Valley areas.
These teams provide case consultation and
assessment services. They also coordinate
training workshops throughout the Province, and
liaise with community groups in generating
public awareness of child abuse and neglect.
With the increasing awareness of the public at
large, as well as the professional people,
situations are more frequently being referred for
service before any serious abuse has occurred,
and parents who fear that they may react
violently against their children in a moment of
stress are referring themselves for help.
Self-referral has been encouraged by the
development and expansion of a community
resource known as Parents In Crisis. Here, parents
who have harmed their children can meet with
others with similar problems and, with the aid of
trained sponsors, can be helped to learn more
acceptable parenting methods.
Parents in Crisis is a volunteer community
sponsored organization which receives some
funding from the Provincial Government through
the Community Programs Division. There are now
twenty-nine groups operating in the province and
new groups are in the process of being formed. With
the development of knowledge and skills in this
area, together with community-based support
services, fewer children need to be separated from
their families because of physical abuse and can be
maintained safely in their own homes.
In September 1978, the White Paper was
released together with a draft bill proposing new
children's legislation called the Family and
Child Services Act. This bill is designed to
replace the Protection of Children Act. The bill
is intended to provide services supportive to a
family's efforts to care for their own children
and considers a child's removal from the home
as a last resort.
The proposed legislation was introduced as a
draft Bill to invite participation from the general
public and interested groups regarding the new Act.
The deadline of written submissions and briefs has
now been extended from December 31, 1978 to
March 31, 1979.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Table 7 Cases of Probable Child Abuse -
A Comparison
Ase and Sex Numbers of Children
1973* 1974* 1975 1976 1977 1978**
Male-under 3 years .... 24 28 50 58 63 45
3-10years    37 36 66 92 99 I3l
11 years and older ... 15 12 25 41 46 73
No age reported   - 2 - - 2
Female - under 3
years   21 27 31 52 43 45
3-10years   11 24 46 90 93 123
11 years and older ... 14 16 44 84 104 161
TOTALS   122 145 262 417 450 578
*Figures are revised from those appearing in the 1974
Report. Cases of child neglect or unsubstantiated child
abuse were included in the figures published in 1974 for
period 1971 to 1974. Child neglect and unsubstantiated
child abuse cases do not appear in the 1973-74 figures
presented here.
**Forms for reporting were changed January I, 1978.
resulting in more reports. The figure given here only covers
cases with follow-up reports completed.
Children may also come into care of the
Superintendent of Child Welfare on an agreement
between the parents and the Superintendent. This
"non-ward" care arrangement does not require
intervention by the courts, but is a voluntary
short-term arrangement to help parents who may
need a temporary placement of their children in
another home due to some crisis in their lives, such
as ill-health, but who will shortly be able to resume
their parenting role. This type of care may also be a
preventive service to families where a child's
misbehavior or a parent's emotional problems due
to marriage breakdown or other stress require a
temporary separation as a period of respite.
A responsibility of Protective and Preventive
Services not directly related to children coming into
care is the preparation of reports for the Supreme
Court on matters concerning custody of children
under the Equal Guardianship of Infants Act and the
Divorce Act. If the parents are unable to agree on
arrangements for custody of, and access to, the
children of the marriage, the court may request,
through the Superintendent of Child Welfare, a
report on the circumstances of each parent to assist
the Judge in making his decision. There were 102
such reports requested in 1978 for the British
Columbia courts. This service is also provided to
other provinces. Thirty-three out of province
requests were received during 1978.
Issues of custody frequently come to the
attention of the Superintendent of child Welfare
because of the action of one parent "snatching"
a child from the parent to whom the court has
awarded custody, and removing the child from
the jurisdiction of the court. These are
extremely difficult cases to deal with, and create
serious hardship and anxiety for the parent who
so loses a child. In 1976 the Legislature passed
an Act entitled the Extra-provincial Custody
Orders Enforcement Act. This Act was
rescinded in 1978 and the provisions were
encompassed in the Family Relations Act. This
allows for a custody order to be enforced from
another province where reciprocal provisions
exist. British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and
New Brunswick all have similar legislation.
Legislation of this nature provides one of the
tools that will help to protect children against
the damaging effects of becoming victims of a
tug-of-war between parents.
The Superintendent of Child Welfare has
responsibilities under the provisions of another
statute, the Children of Unmarried Parents Act.
This Act makes provisions for agreements or court
orders for the maintenance of children born out of
wedlock. This Act also provides that any woman
who is a mother within the definition of the Act may
apply to the Superintendent for advice and
protection in any matter connected with her child or
the birth of her child. In September 1978 an
amendment to the CUP Act was proclaimed which
allows for enforcement of orders and agreements
made under the Act in accordance with the
enforcement provisions of the Family Relations
Such services as are required are offered by the
representatives of the Superintendent of Child
Welfare in the local offices of the Ministry of
Human Resources, and may include counselling to
both the mother and the father, financial assistance,
appointment of legal counsel where necessary to
represent the mother in Court action, assistance
toward reaching agreements between the father, the
mother and the Superintendent for maintenance of
the child, and such other services as may be
necessary to ensure that the mother has all possible
assistance in planning for her child.
Assistance is also provided to the mother in
enforcing or applying for variation in any order of
maintenance made by the courts. A record is
maintained in Family and Children's Services
Division of all monies paid under the terms of an
agreement of a maintenance order so that action
may be taken as quickly as possible when arrears
begin to accrue.
Total receipts obtained from father pursuant to
the Children of Unmarried Parents Act between
April 1977 and March 1978 amounted to $343,539,
for an average monthly collection of $28,628.
Human Resources
Table 8 Number of Children Admitted to
Care of Superintendent of Child Welfare
by Legal Status During Fiscal Year
Supervised by:
LegalStatus Regions3-!4      Regions 1,2, 16& 17   TOTAL
Apprehended under
Protection of
ChildrenAct   1,189* 487 1,676
Committed under
Juvenile Delinquents
Act  104 3 107
Equal Guardianship
oflnfantsAct  151 9 160
Non-Wards  1,926 534 2,460
Other provinces'
Wards  82 15 97
ADMISSIONS 3,452* 1,048 4,500
*Children in care seven days or less as transients are no
longer counted. Six hundred and nineteen of these children
were paid through short-stay billings in 1977-78.
Table 9 Cases* Receiving Services from
Ministry of Human Resources Related to
Protection of Children by Type of Service
for Fiscal Years 1976-77 and 1977-78
Opened during    Carried during     Incomplete at
Type of Service Year Year End of Year
76-77  77-78    76-77      77-78    76-77  77-78
Custody 145 171284     273 150 90
Repatriation**    448 461  580**588** 162 107
Immigration         8      5    15        13 8 4
TOTALS 601 637  879      874 320 201
*Cases are the number of family units receiving services on
behalf of their children.
**These figures do not include all of Regions 1,2, 16 and
17; an additional 312 repatriations during the year 1976-77
and 273 repatriations during the year 1977-78 were carried
by the Gastown Office.
Another service that the Family and
Children's Services Division is involved in is
the repatriation of children, i.e. arranging for
the return of children to their province or state
of residence. Children under 17 years of age
who are temporarily stranded in British
Columbia and children from British Columbia
stranded in other provinces or states, are looked
after by this program which makes arrangements
for transportation, contacts parents, provides for
stop-over supervision, escort where required,
and liaison with other child welfare authorities.
From March 1977 to April 1978, 861 transient
and destitute children were repatriated. This
figure includes movement in and out of the
Province only. Within the Province there is also
substantial movement in returning children to
their own homes.
Program Objective
The objective of the Family Support
Homemaker Program is to provide temporary
support and relief to families under physical,
mental or emotional stress in order to maintain
or restore independent functioning.
Homemakers are placed with families to
support the normal family routine while the
parents are unable to do so, and to prevent
family breakdown. A homemaker may also be
placed to provide relief to parents of
handicapped children or to teach child care and
household management skills. Duties may
include household cleaning, laundry, shopping,
meal preparation, care of children and
short-term convalescent care. Homemakers work
under supervision and function as part of a
service team in the care and support of a family.
On behalf of eligible persons, the Ministry
purchases homemaker services on a
fee-for-service basis from non-profit and, in
some cases, proprietary agencies. In almost all
instances the rate paid is that negotiated
between the Ministry of Health and the
approved homemaker agency. Client
contribution to the cost of service is based on an
"income test" administered by Ministry field
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
In January, 1978, responsibility for long-term
homemaker services was transferred to the Long
Term Care Program of the Ministry of Health,
Long Term Care has assumed the responsibility
for negotiating fees with individual homemaker
agencies, homemaker staff training, developing
homemaker services, and establishing and
monitoring standards for homemaker services.
The Ministry of Human Resources continues
to be represented on the Provincial Homemaker
Training Committee in conjunction with the
Ministries of Health and Education and Canada
Manpower. The Provincial Homemaker Training
Committee assists in developing and providing
upgrading courses for homemakers; these
courses are generally of 5-6 weeks duration and
are offered through local Community Colleges.
The following illustrates the Ministry's
expenditure for homemakers in fiscal years
1972-73 to 1977-78 and for calendar year 1978:
1978 $4,500,674
1977-78 $7,710,403
1976-77 $7,428,522
1975-76 $7,000,155
1974-75 $4,258,384
1973-74 $2,812,704
1972-73 $1,394,221
Program Objective
To permit those families in need to have their
children cared for in a secure, supervised,
socially desirable setting by means of
subsidizing day care fees.
Day care is a preventive social service,
offering six different types of programs to meet
individual family needs. As of December 1,
1978, the Ministry increased the maximum
allowable subsidies payable for all child day
care services (except specialized day care where
costs are variable and directly related to the
needs of the children).
The changes in subsidy are as follows:
Family Day Care, from $100.00 to $125.00
Group Day Care, from $140.00 to $160.00
In-Home Care - 1st child from $90.00 to $105.00
- 2nd child from $45.00 to $55.00
Nursery School, from $40.00 to $55.00
Out-of School, from $50.00 to $60.00
Eligibility for assistance with day care fees is
dependent upon the financial situation of the
individual family, based on an income or needs
test and social need as established by the
Federal Government for cost sharing purposes.
1. Family Day Care - Day care provided in a
home other than the child's own may be either
licensed or unlicensed. A community care
facilities licence is required if more than two
children unrelated to the care-giver are receiving
day care. The majority of children requiring care
continue to be cared for in family day care
At the close of 1978 there were 320 licensed
family day care homes in British Columbia.
This reflected a slight increase over the previous
An average of 3,850 children are subsidized
each month in licensed and unlicensed family
day care, again a slight increase from 1977.
2. Group Day Care - A regular group day
care centre may provide service for up to 25
children in one group for a period of up to 10
hours per day five days per week.
At the close of 1978 approximately 49
percent of the total number of community care
facilities licensed group day care spaces were
filled by children on whose behalf subsidy was
paid. There are 298 centres licensed to provide
6,483 group day care spaces. In 1977, the same
number of centres were licensed.. In 1975, 286
centres were licensed; in 1973, 250; and in
3. In-Home-Care - This service is designed to
enable subsidization of shift-working parents to
hire someone to come into their homes to care
for their children.
4. Out-of-School Care - Family and group
centres can often accommodate a child up to 12
years of age needing care and supervision after
school or when school is not in session.
As of December, 1978, there were 181
licensed out-of-school facilities providing
service to 2,025 children.
5. Nursery - This is a part-time service
offering care, extra stimulation, and preparation
for school for children 3 to 5 years of age.
There are 354 licensed nursery schools in the
Province providing a service for 7,912 children.
An average of 300 children are subsidized each
Human Resources
6. Special Needs Care - The objective of the
special needs service is to enable children with
physical, and/or emotional problems to receive
assistance through available day care programs
in both regular and specialized centres;
(a) As of July 1st, 1978, special needs
children enrolled in integrated centres on a half
day basis are fully subsidized. Parents are
expected to pay one half of the regular fee for
children enrolled for a full day program with the
Ministry accepting responsibility for the
additional costs incurred as a result of the
special needs of the children.
(b) There are now 59 specialized day care
centres serving 1,232 children. In keeping with
more recent research, integrated programs,
designed to meet the needs of both normal and
handicapped children, have developed, and
wherever possible, this is the program of choice.
Table 10 Day Care Statistics, Children
Receiving Subsidized Day Care as of
December 31,1978
Program Half Day Full Day Total
GroupDayCare   138 2,720 2,858
Family Day Care  238 3,266 3,504
Nursery School   421 2 423
Out-of-School  1,789 135 1,924
Special Need Care .... 302 429 731
In-Home Day Care ... 93 589 682
TOTALS  2,981 7,141 10,122
Program Objective
The Adoption program places children of all
ages for adoption when a child's immediate
family and relatives are no longer able, capable
or willing to care for him. The Ministry ensures
that the social and legal requirements of the
Adoption Act have been fulfilled, in Ministry
sponsored as well as private adoptions.
1/ Ministry Sponsored Adoptions
In the case of Ministry sponsored adoptions,
records of a child considered in need of adoption
are referred by local Ministry personnel to the
centralized placement office in Vancouver.
Studies of families who have applied to adopt a
child are also prepared by local Ministry staff,
and forwarded to Adoption Section Vancouver
which pre-selects the best home for the child
considering his needs and the wishes of the
relinquishing parent. The two local offices who
have prepared the reports on the child and the
adopting family put the selection plan into effect.
2/ Private Adoptions
The Ministry also carries out inquiries and
makes recommendations to the Supreme Court in
step-parent, other relative and private adoptions.
The legal aspects in such instances are usually
undertaken by the applicants' own solicitor.
Adoption reports submitted to the Supreme
Court were as follows:
Type of Adoption Number of Children
for Whom Reports
Were Filed
1977 1978
Ministry Sponsored Adoptions 843 497
Step-parent       791 746
Other Relative          82 82
Private          39 58
Step-parent adoptions continue to decrease,
and in 1978 there were 45 fewer step-parent
adoptions than in 1977, and 121 fewer than in
1976. Private placements increased, almost
certainly a result of the scarcity of newborn
children available through the Ministry of
Human Resources.
In September, 1978, a Task Force on
Adoption was struck at the request of the
Minister. Its mandate was to examine Adoption
Legislation, policy and practice, and to provide
the Minister with recommendations for change.
By December 15th, 1978, the Task Force had
completed its research, and was preparing a set
of recommendations for submission by January
15th, 1979.
Referrals continue to be made to the
National Adoption Desk in Ottawa for families
who wished to adopt a child from outside
Canada. Children who could not be placed in
their own province were referred to British
Columbia for possible placement in this
province. During the past year, 18 placements
from outside Canada were made with British
Columbian families.
Special appeals and campaigns are necessary
to recruit and prepare homes for these children.
We are hopeful that the 1979 Year of the Child
and the Family will focus on the need these
children have for their own family.
During the summer of 1978 a special project
was carried out in the lower mainland to create
awareness within the Native Indian population
of the need for Native adopting homes for
Native children. Some Native adopting homes
became available as a result of the project. We
are hopeful that more will develop and continue
to work closely with Native groups for the
recruitment of Natives homes.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
The following placements over the past year
indicate the needs of children and the way in
which their needs are met.
- A three year old child with severe allergies
who could only drink goats milk was placed
with a family prepared to offer a permanent
home to both the child and the goat.
- An infant with spinabifida was placed with
adopting parents who understand his extensive
health care needs and know that he will
always be confined to a wheelchair. He is a
bright child who will be able to live a
productive life in spite of his handicap, given
the security and love in his adopting home.
- A ten year old boy who was emotionally
insecure as a result of many moves in his past,
including two years in a treatment centre was
placed with a young active family who are
offering the love and security he needs to
develop into an emotionally healthy adult.
- A four year girl was referred for adoption
placement and on reviewing her background it
was discovered that a younger half-brother had
been previously placed for adoption. It was
learned that the brother's adopting parents
were again available for placement and were
delighted to have the sister placed with them.
This is only one example of numerous
situations where siblings have been reunited
and given the security of an adopting home
The Adopting Parents Group of British
Columbia, formed in 1977, has grown into an
active group, and continues to function as a
support group to adopting parents.
Due to an increase in requests for background
information from people who have been
adopted, The Ministry has created a new
position to provide Post-Adoption services.
The number of approved homes awaiting
placement remains at about 800, the majority
wishing a new-born infant. Each month, 40 - 45
infants under 1 years are placed, a slight
increase over last year. A slight increase has
been noted in referrals of infants with serious
health problems such as Down's Syndrome,
Spinabifida and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
The need for adoption homes for children
with medical problems, physical handicaps,
emotional or behavior problems, or mental
limitations continues to be great. Many of these
children are school age and belong to a sibling
group. Special appeals are necessary to recruit
homes for these children.
Children Placed for Adoption,
for Fiscal Year 1977-78
Total children placed for adoption   727
Total children placed from outside Canada      18
Total children placed with special needs  457
Program Objective
The objective of the Special Services to
Children program is to enable children to grow
up successfully in their own homes or
communities. Child care workers provide
support to children and families where there is a
definite risk that without intervention a child
may have to be removed from the family or
Special Services are provided to more than
2000 children and their families on a
time-limited, goal-oriented basis, and are
purchased from non-profit community societies.
Prior to initiating service, the Ministry negotiates
contracts with the society and the family
outlining the specific nature, intensity and
duration of service. Services under this program
are income tested.
During 1978 over 2,000 children and families
received services which varied in nature from
short term support for families in crisis, to
group activities with delinquent adolescents, to
one-to-one involvement with mentally and
physically handicapped children.
Table 12 Special Services to Children,
Ministerial Expenditure, Calendar Years
1978  $3,820,207
1977   $2,797,974
1976  $1,836,477
1975  $3,209,071
Human Resources
Program Objective
The objective of the Infant Development
Program is to provide services to infants aged
six months to three years who are exhibiting
significant developmental delay. Goals are to
optomize each infant's development and to
assist families in accepting and responding to
these children in a positive supportive manner.
In 1978, the Infant Development Program
operated in 15 areas of the Province with new
programs starting in Port Alberni, Vernon,
Courtenay/Comox, and Prince George.
Previously established programs continued in
Burnaby, Castlegar, Duncan, Kamloops,
Kelowna, New Westminster, North Vancouver,
Surrey/Delta, Upper Fraser Valley,
Vancouver/Richmond, and Victoria. Each
program has one or more Infant Workers with
professional training in a field related to early
childhood development. The Infant Workers are
responsible to an Advisory Committee of the
sponsoring Society; Committee membership,
includes parents of developmentally delayed
children, community professionals and
representatives of the Society's Board of
Directors. Grants to the program are made to
the sponsoring Societies by the Ministry of
Human Resources. A Provincial Steering
Committee appointed by the Minister of Human
Resources and a Program Advisor funded
through a sponsoring Society provide
consultation to the Infant Development Program
and assist in the development of new programs
and provincial guidelines.
Referrals to the Infant Development Program
may come from any source and services are
provided primarily in the infant's home. During
home visits or group sessions the Infant Worker
works with an infant and family to develop
activities that will encourage his or her
development. Regular reports on an infant's
progress are sent to the family physician and
other consultants such as physiotherapists or
public health nurses may be involved to assist in
certain parts of an infant's program. The Infant
Worker also assists the family in utilizing
community resources which may help them
meet their child's physical, mental or social
Toy and book libraries and other resource
materials are made available to the parents as
well as opportunities to meet other parents and
to attend workshops on child development.
A delay in providing the kinds of activities
and experiences that the infant needs can result
in more pronounced developmental delay which
may be more difficult to remedy in later years.
Secondary handicapping conditions such as
speech problems, poor coordination or abnormal
behaviour may also develop and further hinder
an infant's development.
Table 13 Ministry Expenditures for Infant
Development, Fiscal Years 1976-77 and
1977-78 and Calendar Year 1978
1978 407,362
1977-78 331,103
1976-77  210,276
Program Objective
The objective of rehabilitation resources is to
enable children or youths who are experiencing
great difficulty at school for social and or emotional
reasons, or who have dropped out of school, to
acquire basic skills which will make it possible for
them to re-enter the school system or proceed to
further training or employment.
Children's Rehabilitation Resources programs
are jointly funded by the Ministry of Human
Resources, the Ministry of Education and local
school districts. The financial input from Ministry
of Human Resources provides for the purchase of
child care services and certain program expenses.
Most of the programs show a fairly high rate of
reintegration into the community as indicated by
return to regular school programs, entrance to
vocational training programs, or securing
employment. In most cases this kind of movement
can be attributed to the intervention of the child care
worker who is able to bring about some
modification of the behaviour which have led in
many cases to the child's exclusion from the school
situation. In addition, there are definite steps taken
in most of the programs to deal with family
difficulties, acquisition of acceptable social skills,
and an orientation to the world of work.
In 1978 the Ministry's expenditure on these
programs was $2,247,074, with a capacity to
serve up to 1500 children at a time.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Projects funded by the Ministries of Human
Resources and Education in 1978 were as follows:
Abbotsford: Reach Out; Transition Class
Armstrong: Armstrong Rehabilitation Program
Bella Coola: Bella Coola Rehabilitation Program
Burnaby: Bosar Park, Donald Patterson School
Campbell River: Chimo School; Campbellton
Elementary Class; Gold River/Tahsis
Chetwynd: Chetwynd Attendance Centre
Chilliwack: Operation "Bridge"; Program III;
Clearwater: Clearwater Rehabilitation Program
Courtenay: The House; Sandwick School
Creston: Creston Rehabilitation Program
Dawson Creek: Dawson Creek Attendance Centre
Duncan: Cowichan Valley Alternate School
Fort Nelson: Fort Nelson Rehabilitation Program
Fort St. John: Fort St. John Rehabilitation Program
Golden: Golden Alternate School Program
Grand Forks: Grand Forks Rehabilitation Program
Invermere: Invermere Rehabilitation Program
Kamloops: McDonald Park; Operation Re-Entry;
Junior Intervention Class
Kelowna: Kelowna Alternate School Program
Kimberley: Focus Lab
Kitimat: Kitimat City High
Lake Cowichan: Lake Cowichan Alternate
Education; Limited Academic Load Program
Langley: Alternate Learning Environment
Program; D. W. Poppy Junior Secondary School;
Brookswood; Junior Development Program
Maple Ridge: Maple Ridge Rehabilitation Program
(three); Arthur Peake
Merritt: Merritt Alternate School Program for
Mission: Education for Life Program
Nanaimo: Northfield Alternate Program;
Elementary Rehabilitation Class; Physically
Handicapped Class; Gyro Park
Nakusp: Nakusp City School
Nelson: Aspire Program
New Westminster: S.A.N.E.
North Vancouver: Project Alternative Secondary
School; KLASS; Prince Charles School;
Progress Centre
Osoyoos: Triple O High
100 Mile House: Cedar Crest School; 100 Mile
House Rehabilitation Program
Parskville: Parksville Rehabilitation Program
Penticton: Skaha House
Port Alberni: Development Centre for Special
Children; Emotionally Disturbed Class; Project
70/74; Project 70/75; Project 70/76
Port Hardy: Alert Bay Rehabilitation Program;
Holberg Rehabilitation Program;Port Alice
Rehabilitation Program; Port Hardy
Rehabilitation Program; Port McNeill
Rehabilitation Program
Powell River: Powell River Rehabilitation School
Prince Rupert: Prince Rupert Rehabilitation
Queen Charlotte Islands: Rehabilitation of
Educationally Disadvantaged Students
Quesnel: Alternate Class Project
Revelstoke: Revelstoke Rehabilitation Program
Richmond: Station Stretch; Cook School
Saanich: Warehouse School
Salmon Arm: Salmon Arm Alternate Learning
Saltspring Island: Saltspring Island Community
Sechelt: Sunshine Coast Alternate School
Smithers: Smithers Community Service
Sparwood: Sparwood Secondary Rehabilitation
Summerland: Summerland Rehabilitation Class
Terrace: Terrace Rehabilitation Program; Skeena
Youth Incentive
Trail: Elementary Rehabilitation Class; Secondary
Rehabilitation Program; Sunningdale School for
the Trainable Mentally Retarded
Vanderhoof: (three)
Victoria: Downtown Blanshard Advisory
Committee; Girls Alternative Program;
Boy's Club of Greater Victoria; YM/YWCA
Vernon: "Phoenix"
West Vancouver: S.W.A.P.
Williams Lake: RAP Rehabilitation Program
Langford: Boys and Girls Club of Greater Victoria
Program Cost Sharing
The Rehabilitation Resources program is fully
funded by the Province and local school boards.
There is no federal cost-sharing.
Human Resources
Program Objective
The objective of the Child Fostering Program is
to provide substitute family care for a child to meet
his or her physical, emotional, and social needs.
The foster home program continues to be the
backbone of the child welfare program and serves
the majority of children in care. Approximately
64%, or 5,721 out of 8,884 number of children in
the care of the Superintendent of Child Welfare live
in volunteer foster homes.
A placement in a foster home is one of a number
of alternatives considered by a social worker in
planning for a child " in care " of the Superintendent
of Child Welfare. The social worker attempts to
find a family that is most suited to the child's
individual needs.
Foster parents may have a child for a short or long
period. Throughout the child's stay with foster
parents the social worker's goal is to reunite the
child with the natural family as soon as possible.
If it is demonstrated that it is not possible to
reunite the child with the natural family, the social
worker provides an alternative permanent plan at
the earliest possible date. Alternative plans may
include placement with relatives, adoption, a group
home or independent living if the child is
sufficiently mature.
Foster parents are paid varying rates according to
the age of the child. These rates cover clothing, and
basic maintenance such as food, the child's share of
household equipment and operation,
transportation, recreation, gifts and spending
allowances. Special Family Allowances, are
included in these rates.
In addition, a fee for service may be paid if the
foster parent must spend an unusual amount of time
supervising the child.
The basic maintenance and clothing rates paid to
foster parents was increased by $ 1.79, effective
March 1st, 1978, in order to pass along an increase
in Special Family Allowances. The basic rates as
of March 1st, 1978, are outlined in table 14.
Fostering a child is a personal and sometimes
difficult task, particularly with teenagers. It takes a
person with special understanding and a desire to
help others to be a foster parent. While many foster
parents foster only one child, some have fostered
large numbers of children over twenty to twenty-
five years. In some communities in the Province
during the past year, these people have been
honoured for their outstanding contribution to their
Recruitment of new foster homes, especially
homes for teenagers, continues to be a problem for
field staff. During the summer of 1978, a student
worked on information pamphlets for the use of
field staff to help recruit new foster homes. The
British Columbia Council for the Family also
became involved and, on a trial basis, offered to
recruit new foster homes through the churches in
local communities.
Foster parents must cope with children with
special emotional and physical needs. They
therefore require the skills to do the job. The British
Columbia Federation of Foster Parent Associations
received a grant close to $92,000.00 for 1978-79 to
carry out their projects which primarily relate to
assisting foster parents by improving their skills
through training.
In the administration of the foster home program,
a number of new forms affecting children in care
were introduced. On July 1st, 1978, new policy
regarding parental contributions towards the cost of
keeping a child in non-ward care was introduced.
Natural parents are income tested to determine their
contribution up to a ceiling which is equivalent to
the lowest basic maintenance rate.
Table 14 Basic Foster Care Rates for
Children Placed in Foster Homes
Age of Child    Basic Maintenance       Clothing        Total
Table 15 Foster Home Care, Ministerial
Expenditures, Calendar Year 1978 and
Fiscal Years 1972-73 to 1977-78
1976-77 ...
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
The objective of the Therapeutic Home Program
is to provide contracted treatment services on a
short-term basis in order to help emotionally
disturbed children, or children with severe behavior
disorders to control their behavior.
A therapeutic home is a residential resource,
usually for one child, operated by a person with
child care worker skills in his or her own home. The
resource is selected when a child requires intensive
treatment and would benefit from receiving it in a
family setting rather than a treatment institution. It
is frequently used in communities where no
treatment institutions exist and the child would
otherwise have to move from the community.
A contract is made between the therapeutic
parent and the Ministry of Human Resources for
three months and, where necessary, for further
three-month periods up to a maximum of one year.
The contract outlines treatment goals, methods to
be used, and a date when progress will first be
The therapeutic home is a short term placement
with the goal of resolving specific behavioral or
emotional problems and with a view to returning the
child to his or her home or to a less intensive
community resource within one year.
There were approximately 55 homes providing
this service in 1978-
Program Objective
The objective of the Group Home Program is to
provide skilled, effective parenting or child care
services to children who cannot remain in their own
or foster homes but who are able to function within
the community.
Group homes are staffed by resident
houseparents. These homes have a capacity for
five to eight children and are primarily suitable
for adolescents. Group homes may have
specialized functions such as receiving,
assessment, short-term treatment, or long-term
care of difficult children, or they may provide a
combination of services.
Group homes may be contracted for with
private individuals, community non-profit
societies, or a combination of these two.
Contracts are negotiated locally and may be
effective for up to a full fiscal year. While only
a total figure is agreed upon in the contract, the
negotiation process involves considering the
costs of several aspects of the service. Therefore,
the total cost might include such costs as
transportation, recreation, building occupancy,
fee for service, training etc. . .
Where need for a receiving home fluctuates or
where there is no suitable resource potential for
group homes as outlined above, the Ministry may
contract for a "bed subsidy home" on a yearly
renewable basis. Under the bed subsidy
arrangement, the Ministry pays a fee for service of
$50 to $ 160 per month per bed for up to six beds.
Regular foster home rates are also paid for each
child placed. The bed subsidy home may be used for
short-term or long term placements.
In December, 1978 there were 169 group homes
operating with a potential capacity for 996 children.
The program cost 8.56 million dollars in 1978.
Table 16 Group Homes (Including Receiving
Homes), Ministerial Expenditures, Calendar
Year 1978 and Fiscal Years 1972-73 to
$ Millions
1978  8.56
1977-78     8.38
1976-77     7.45
1975-76    4.42
1974-75     3.73
1973-74     3.54
1972-73    1.94
Program Objective
The objective of Specialized Treatment
Resource Program is to provide specialized care
for children in need of such service because of
emotional or behavioural difficulties, or because
of physical and mental handicaps. The goal of
this program is to restore the child to as normal
a life-style as possible. The Ministry has
concentrated on reducing the size of institutions
and the number of children placed in institutions,
wherever possible.
Residential placements for children with
emotional and behavioural difficulties are
generally used when the problems are
sufficiently severe that they require a greater
level of professional care on a 24 hour basis than
can be provided in local foster or group homes.
There are approximately 750 children in British
Columbia at any given time placed in 75
specialized treatment resources programs. The
average capacity of these resources is 10. (This
figure does not include those children in
residential care at Woodlands, Glendale or
Human Resources
The majority of these programs are operated
through independent societies which vary in
treatment methods. The Ministry continues to
emphasize shorter-term residential treatment and
greater community involvement and family
support. The goal of this kind of residential
placement is to help the child adjust to living
again in his community with the minimum of
support possible. A number of the societies are
developing shorter-term assessment capacities
and have initiated day programs to assist in this
The majority of the resources are highly
staffed. A number of resources have staff
resident ratios on one to one or higher.
Table 17 Specialized Residential Treatment
Programs, Ministerial Expenditures,
Calendar Year 1978 and Fiscal Years
1972-73 to 1977-78
$ Million
1974-75  8.4
1973-74   8.8
1972-73   4.7
$ Million
1978  13.2
1977-78  12.7
1976-77  12.3
1975-76  13.2
Note-Costs exclude operating costs for Woodlands. Glendale,
and Tranquille, with the exception of 1973-74 when Glendale's
operating costs were included.
Program Objective
Located in Victoria and reporting directly to the
Manager of Family & Children's Services, the
Evaluation Unit is primarily a consultation and
training unit which assists the Family and
Children's Services Divison by initiating and
responding to requests for evaluation of Family
and Children's Services programs and functions.
Its services are available to local, district,
regional and central office personnel.
The Evaluation Team was established in April
1978, with the appointment of Dr. Francis Ricks as
its consultant. Since its formation, three line
workers and a secretarial support staff have been
added. Except for the pending appointment of a unit
supervisor, the team will be operating in full force
as of January, 1979.
Given the operational definition of evaluation
as ' 'the systematic collection of data for the
purpose of decision-making" the approach of the
Unit is to systematize the evaluation process and
use it to promote the Ministry's view of
evaluation as feedback mechanism which can be
used as a basis for decision making, whether for
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
the purpose of case, program, local regional
and/or central planning.
The Evaluation Team performs the following
1 .Provides consultation regarding evaluation to
Ministry personnel at all levels.
2. Educates and trains personnel at all levels of the
Ministry about what evaluation can and cannot do.
3. Implements or assists in the implementation of
evaluation projects.
4. Assists Family and Children's Services Division
in the establishment of standards for service
delivery within programs.
5. Assist in the development of a case audit system.
The evaluation Team is involved in designing
and implementing the evaluation of two major
services on a province-wide basis; namely,
Family Support Worker service and Adoption
service. The evaluation of the Family Support
Worker service got underway in June. The study
is a feasibility study designed to identify kinds of
service delivered, to whom and by whom, types
of goals set and reached and consumer
satisfaction. Completion date anticipated in May
The Evaluation Team coordinated in Adoption
Task Force (struck in September 1978) and has
been engaged in reviewing, and evaluating
Adoption legislation, policy and practice
throughout the Province. The report will be
completed January 15, 1979.
Program Objective
The Provincial Inservice Resource Team has
been established to help meet the needs of autistic
children, including those with severe
developmental delays who have "autistic"
behaviour, by assisting the development and
mobilization of appropriate services in local
This is achieved through a program of inservice
training of parents, teachers, M.H.R. and other
community staff.
P.I.R.T. is a new Ministry service staffed by a
Coordinator, a Psychologist, a Psychiatric Nurse, a
Teacher, a Speech and Language Specialist and an
Administration Support Worker. Following a
period of intensive training and development of the
system for service delivery, it began accepting
referrals in September.
Requests for service are given priority according
to the needs of the children and the readiness of the
community to develop a service network.
The training offered by P.I.R.T. consists of three
phases: community preparation, a multi-discipline
training workshop, and follow-up consultation of
trainees on the job.
A learning approach in behaviourist tradition is
used, both in the classroom and in the home or
community situation. Normal developmental
sequences guide the choice of teaching objectives in
both cognitive and social areas. Intellectual growth
and behavioural management are the objectives for
the child; the programme does not promise to lead to
unimpaired, independent functioning.
This approach derives from the model of the
Santa Barbara Autism Dissemination Team by
whom P.I.R.T. were trained.
The following table indicated service delivery for
Referral Area        Preparation Workshops      Follow-up
(No. of visits) (5 days each) (No. of visits)
Surrey                         2 1               3 regular
15 brief
Dawson Creek              2 1                3 regular
Chilliwack                    4 (1979)               —
Abbotsford                   1 (1979)               —
Port Alberni                 2 (1979)
Vancouver               2 (1979)               —
Squamish                      1 (1979)               —
TOTALS                      14 2                6 regular
15 brief
"Preparation" in the community includes
helping to assess children and resources;
developing an intake and review committee of
parents and professionals to select trainees, review
the efficacy of the training and eventually provide a
permanent resource for autistic clients in each
The "workshop'' is an intensive five day training
program which includes lectures, discussion,
readings, written assignments, demonstrations,
role-playing and a supervised "hands-on" teaching
of autistic and autistic-like clients with video taped
The "follow-up" visits include home and school
visits for further training "in vivo" and further
feed-back and fine-tuning of teaching techniques as
they are put into practice. In addition to the above,
P.I.R.T. provided limited consultation services to
involved parents and staff. Several conference
presentations and orientations to disseminate
information about autism and to sensitize potential
trainees to the availability of the service were given.
P.I.R.T. also maintained close contact with other
organizations and facilities for the autistic and
autistic-like population of British Columbia.
Human Resources
Cost Sharing
The programme was funded from the
Woodlands/Community Educational Services
project. P.I.R.T. is cost shared by the Federal
Program Objectives
(a) To be a forum where responsible
representatives of communities throughout the
Province may communicate to each other, and
to government and voluntary agencies, their
concerns about the needs of the family and
receive help in preparing plans and projects to
meet such needs;
(b) To stimulate and facilitate self-help
projects to support and strengthen families;
(c) In association with appropriate bodies,
local, provincial, national or international, to
further public knowledge and to promote public
concern about the well-being of the family.
The British Columbia Council for the Family
is a registered non-profit society with
representatives from religious bodies, ethnic
groups, community agencies and the four major
political parties.
This year, the emphasis has been on the
development of family-strengthening programs -
these include:
Family Month - In 1978, our members and
friends in over 100 communities throughout the
Province celebrated Family Month with
recreational, educational and spiritual activities.
Family Time - Posters and brochures assist
promotion of Family Time, a special time set
aside each week for family sharing, family
council, family activities, and family devotions
(for the religious family).
Marriage Preparation - In the belief that
better preparation for marriage will prevent
some marriage breakdown, the Council has been
gathering all available marriage preparation
course materials. A Nanaimo-based committee
is preparing some basic course outlines which
can be used by persons being married within
and outside the church. A grant from the
Anglican Foundation of Canada will make it
possible to hold regional training programs this
coming year.
Parent School Committees - As so many
recommendations from the 1975-76 British
Columbia Conference on the Family dealt with
educational issues, the council is encouraging
the initiation or support of parent-school
committees in local communities.
Foster Family Project - At the request of the
Minister and in conjunction with Ministry of
Human Resources and the British Columbia
Federation of Foster Parents Associations, the
Council has initiated a foster family recruitment,
orientation and support program on a pilot
project basis, in two communities. If successful,
the program will be extended to other
communities next year.
The White Paper on Family & Children's
Service - As requested by the Minister, the
Council successfully undertook to distribute and
generate public interest in this proposed
International Year of the Child -1979 - The
Executive Director of the council has been
appointed to represent British Columbia on the
Canadian Commission for the Year of the
Child. The Council is playing a leading role in
sharing informaton about the Year, and will be
placing special emphasis on "the child" in the
family in this year's activities. A program
packet has been prepared for distribution to
members and friends.
Branches - This year, more emphasis has
been placed on the development of branches -
because our members in the local communities
are the strength of the Council. They have given
untold time and effort to further these programs.
Some are now developing family support
programs which meet the needs of their own
communities. In some areas, Council branches
are facilitating the initiation of established
programs, such as Big Brothers, Parents-In-
Crisis, Foster Grandparents, Baby-Sitting
courses. All the voluntary organizations, and
particularly the Family Life Associations, have
been most willing to share their resource
The British Columbia Council for the Family
is funded by the Ministry of Human Resources
up to a maximum of $45,000. Again in 1978
the Council raised over $20,000 to cover the
cost of Family Month and other program
promotion costs, and for use as seed money for
local branches, and the cost of Board and
Committee expenses.
 Section III
Basic GAIN Program    47
GAIN For the Handicapped    49
GAIN For Seniors - Age 60 to 64  49
GAIN Supplementary Age Benefits to
Provincial Rehabilitation and Employment
Program (PREP)   51
Incentive Allowance Program    52
Community Involvement Program  52
Training and Education Program    52
Repatriation    53
Indigent Burials    53
Transition Houses and Hostels   53
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
The objective of the GAIN Income Assistance
Program is to provide a substitute income
sufficient to maintain a basic standard of living
for those persons under age 60 years who are
unable to provide for themselves through
employment or other resources.
Income assistance recipients are comprised of
the following groups of people:
1. Single-parent families - The largest group
of recipients is made up mainly of mothers and
their children. The intent of the program is to
provide security to the mother so that she can
devote her time to raising her children.
2. Persons unable to be employed for
physical or mental health reasons - A large
percentage of income assistance recipients are
unemployed due to physical or mental health
reasons. Often the disability is of a temporary
nature and the program attempts to provide the
necessary financial and social supports during
the period of convalescence. It is hoped that the
recipient will eventually be able to return to
full-time or at least part-time employment.
People in this group are under extra
psychological stress because they are no longer
participating in the work force and often can
undertake only minimal participation in the
social life of the community.
3. Children living with relatives - Although
the Ministry's goal is to keep parents and
children together, in some instances of parental
illness, desertion, or other reasons, children
must be placed in another home. Placing them
with relatives is usually a positive step in that
some continuity of familiar surroundings is
provided, and the child is less upset by the
move. The program provides the relatives with
financial assistance at the same rates as for
foster children.
4. Persons who are employable but out of
work - The program provides help to those
individuals without means to support themselves.
Many of these recipients are only marginally
employable as they do not have the necessary
skills to compete for the more permanent jobs.
The duration of aid for this group is brief as
many require help for only a short period of
Table 18 Average Number of Income
Assistance Recipients
The monthly average number of income
assistance recipients was as follows:
1977-78     113,939
1976-77   112,938
1975-76    127,551
1974-75    111,693
1973-74   108,500
1972-73    105,300
Note - Averaging statistical data January to
December 1978, the number of basic assistance
recipients by category was as follows: 29,536
heads of families (approximately two-thirds of
which were single parents); 59,811 dependants,
mainly children; 24,592 single persons.
Applying for income assistance
Eligibility for income assistance is determined
according to criteria legislated in the GAIN Act
and regulations. An examination of need is
based on an individual's or a family's financial
assets, income, housing costs, and family size.
Certain assets and income are excluded from
consideraton. For example, the family home and
car and Federal family allowances are exempt.
Rate Schedule Tables
In 1978 the Guaranteed Available Income for
Need (GAIN) Regulations were amended
several times. A large number of these changes
were of a housekeeping nature with no
substantive change in policy.
Shelter Overage
When an individual or family's actual rental
cost, or mortgage and property tax cost exceed
the amount of the basic rate for shelter, 75 per
cent of the extra amount, up to a ceiling of
$500, may be granted.
For single persons, the maximum monthly
shelter overage that may be granted is $40.
Items of Special Need
Often, there are items of special need
required by income assistance recipients who
exprience emergencies but do not have assets,
family help, or credit resources to meet the
need. Within the provisions of the GAIN Act
Regulations, some of these essential needs may
be provided. Examples of special need grants
are repairs to washing-machines, stoves, septic
tanks or other essential household item repairs
which, if not repaired, could result in a
hazardous condition or affect the recipient's
Human Resources
Expenditures for items of special need were
as follows:
1978    5,085,220     1975-76 .... 3,995,513
1977-78 ....3,748,158     1974-75 ....2,344,397
1976-77 .... 2,931,327     1973-74 .... 1,097,095
Other forms of help given by the Ministry
include purchase of tools or clothing to help a
recipient secure employment, provision of
transportation and moving costs when it is
necessary to move to a confirmed job in another
community. A dietary allowance for special
food costs of up to $20 per month may be
granted on the recommendation of the family
physician. A pre-natal diet allowance of $25 per
month to cover special food costs may be
allotted to expectant mothers for several months
before and after the birth. To help families
provide children with extras at the beginning of
the school year, the Ministry pays a school
start-up allowance. In 1977 the start-up fee was
increased to $20 per year for children under 12
years of age, and to $30 for children over the
age of 12. At Christmas the Ministry provides
an additional $15 per single recipient, or $25
per family.
Earning Exemption
A supportive policy for recipients has been
the earnings exemption. It allows a recipient to
engage in part-time work without losing all
financial gain through deduction from his
income assistance.
Policy allows exemptions on earnings of $50
per month for a single person and $ 100 per
month for a person with dependants or a single
handicapped person. This policy also
encourages part-time employment that helps the
recipient to gain or retain job skills that may
eventually lead to full-time employment and
independence. (See also description of the
Incentive Opportunities Program.)
Supplementation of Low Income Earners
Persons working in part-time or full-time
employment at low wages may have their
income supplemented up to the appropriate
income assistance level, as determined by
family size.
Expenditures for basic income assistance are
as follows:
1978    $162.55 million
1977-78  $157.48 million
1976-77  $157.77 million
1975-76 $171.98 million
1974-75  $187.5 million
1973-74    $117 million
1972-73    $92 million
Basic income assistance rates to eligible
persons were as follows:
Table 19 Basic Income Assistance Rate
Schedule as of December 1978
(Applicable rates during first four months
of eligibility for benefits)
Family Unit Size Monthly Total
(Number of Persons)                             Support         Shelter Basic Maximum
One   100    75 175
Two    165    120 285
Three  200    135 335
Four   235    150 385
Five   275    160 435
Six  310    170 480
Seven   340   180 520
Eight   370    190 560
Nine   400    200 600
Ten   430    210 640
Table 20 Basic Income Assistance Rate
Schedule as of December 1978 (For
persons on assistance after four
consecutive months)
Family Unit Size Monthly Total
(Number of Persons)                             Support Shelter Basic Maximum
$                   $ $
One (under age 55)      100            75 175
One (age 55 or over)       155            75 230
Two (adults under 55)      165          120 285
Two (one adult,
onechild)     200          120 320
Two (two adults, one or
both55 + )      220          120 340
Three     235          135 370
Four      270          150 420
Five      310          160 470
Six       345           170 515
Seven   375 180 555
Eight   405 190 595
Nine  435 200 635
Ten   465 210 675
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
The objective of GAIN Handicapped Benefits
is to provide a guaranteed minimum income to
residents of British Columbia designated as
In July, 1978, rates were increased by $20
per month. Eligibility for Handicapped Benefits
is based on an individual application. An
examination is made of the individual or
family's financial assets, income, family size,
and the individual must have a medical
examination which determines if the person may
be designated a handicapped person within the
meaning of the GAIN Act regulations. The
applicant must be over 18 years of age, have a
monthly income not in excess of the guaranteed
level. If single, the assets must not exceed
$2,500; if with dependents, the assets must not
exceed $5,000. (Certain items and income are
excluded from consideration, for example, the
family home and car and Family Allowance.) If
eligible, the client can receive benefits of $285
per month in the case of a single person, up to
$ 1,125 per month for a family of 10, where
both parents are handicapped. An additional
amount may be paid for shelter if the rental or
mortgage payments are in excess of the basic
shelter allowance.
In December 1978, there were 12,162
recipients of Handicapped benefits.
(Non-handicapped dependants of handicapped
recipients would be shown statistically in the
GAIN - Basic Income Assistance Program.)
TO 64
Program Objective
The objective of GAIN for Seniors 60-64
Benefits is to provide a guaranteed minimum
monthly income to all senior citizens of British
Columbia who are age 60 years and older and
who are not in receipt of Federal Old Age
Security benefits or Federal Spouses Allowances.
Eligibility for this program is determined by
individual application. An examination is made
of the individual's assets, income, and family
size. To be eligible, a person must meet the
following qualifications:
a) Be age 60 years or over and not in receipt of
Federal Old Age Security benefits, nor the
Federal Spouse's Allowance:
Human Resources
b) Have a monthly income not in excess of the
GAIN guarantee level:
c) Have five consecutive years' residence in
Canada or hold Canadian citizenship and
reside in British Columbia:
d) If single, have assets not in excess of
$2,500, or if with dependents, assets not in
excess of $5,000. Certain assets such as
family home and car are excluded from
If the individual or family meet these
requirements, they are paid up to $265 per
month in the case of a single person and up to
$530 per month in the case of a couple both
over age 60.
Most applicants are retired from employment
or are dependents of retired individuals, or are
widowed. As of December 1978 there were
11,852 recipients. (Grants to dependent family
members are shown under the GAIN - Basic
Income Assistance Program statistics.) Since
July 1975, there has been a continuing decrease
in the number of recipients under this program,
as a result of the Federal Government's
Spouse's Allowance Program, the asset test
effective April 1976, and increased private and
Federal pensions.
The number of GAIN for Seniors 60-64
recipients totaled 13,759 in December 1977, and
11,852 in December 1978.
Table 21 Proportion of Total
Expenditures, GAIN for Seniors and
Handicapped, December 1978
$ Per
Millions Cent
Handicapped 3,383,390 38.1
Age 60 and not receiving
OAS/GIS/SPA  2,914,671 32.8
Age 60 and receiving OAS/GIS/SPA ....2,578,883 29.1
TOTAL 8,876,944 100.0
Table 22 Expenditures by the Ministry for
GAIN for Seniors and Handicapped
Calender Year
$                   Calendar Year
105,578,802         1974
109,039,198         1973
114,220,370          1972*
*Program commenced December 1972
Program Objective
The objective of GAIN supplementary benefits
is to ensure a guaranteed minimum income is
provided to all senior citizens in British
Columbia, 60 years of age and over, who are in
receipt of the Federal Old Age Security benefits
(OAS), Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS),
and Federal Spouse's Allowance (SPA).
This program applies to persons age 65 and
over with dependent spouses age 60 and over,
resident in British Columbia, who are receiving
full Federal Old Age Security pension with
sufficient Guaranteed Income Supplement and
related Spouse's Allowance payments. These
people are automatically granted a
supplementary payment by the Province to raise
their total income level from all sources to a
monthly average of $319.17 in the case of a
single person and $317.18 each in the case of a
married couple (December 1978 rates). The
guaranteed income level has continued to
increase each quarter year when the Federal
OAS/GIS/SPA increases.
Eligible persons are paid automatically on the
basis of information received from the Federal
Old Age Security Division. As of December
1978, a total of 81,994 British Columbians
received benefits through this system.
Following is the number of people in receipt
of GAIN for Seniors and Handicapped payments.
The Federal Government's Spouse's Allowance
Program, the inclusion of qualifying asset levels,
and increased Federal pensions have accounted
for a downward trend for the past two years:
past two years:
December 1973   118,000 persons
December 1974   128,000 persons
December 1975   122,000 persons
December 1976   124,000 persons
December 1977   117,698 persons
December 1978   106,008 persons
GAIN recipients as of December 1978 were
as follows:
Handicapped ... 12,162 persons      11.5% of total
Age 60 and older, not
receiving OAS/
GIS/SPA   11,852 persons      11.2% of total
Age 60 and older,
receiving OAS/
GIS/SPA   81,994 persons     77.3% of total
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
The objective of the Provincial Rehabilitation
and Employment Program (PREP) is to find
employment and job-training opportunities for
income assistance applicants and recipients.
PREP staff, which consist of job-finders and
clerk-stenographers, are located in 30 offices in
major centres of the Province. All but three
PREP offices are located in Canada
Employment and Immigration Centres. PREP
staff contact employers to locate job
opportunities, and they refer welfare recipients
to these job opportunities. At the same time,
they cooperate closely with Canada Employment
Centres to use Federal training programs for
clients who require job skills or Federal
mobility and relocation grants to help them
move to job opportunities. PREP staff and
Canada Employment staff share information on
job opportunities when either party is unable to
fill a job vacancy with its own clients.
The PREP staff maintain the flow of job
opportunities by making visits to potential
employers, or by soliciting job opportunities by
telephone or mail.
PREP staff also use a variety of indirect
approaches to create and enhance awareness of
PREP services. Informational services are
supplied to trades organizations, employer
groups, chambers of commerce, and other
job-generating resources. PREP personnel
undertake speaking engagements, furnish
program brochures, and present the program at
fairs or exhibitions.
PREP staff continue to use programs for
client training sponsored by Canada
Employment and Immigration Centres, but there
is a noteworthy trend toward initiation of work
preparation and work activity projects by PREP
with the cooperation of private enterprise, other
provincial ministries, and administrations within
the Ministry of Human Resources, such as the
Community Projects Division.
Human Resources
The incentive program of the Ministry is used
extensively by PREP as a training resource for
registrants interested in clerical careers. Field
offices report good placement results in private
business and industry following a period of
incentive training within the program.
Notwithstanding a sharp rise in the
unemployment rate, PREP maintained a healthy
success rate in assisting its clients to gain or
regain a useful place in the work force. PREP
employment coordinators applied the experience
gained in the second program year to good
advantage, both with respect to improving their
job-finding techniques, and adapting their
services to the particular features of local or
area employment markets. Increasing familiarity
with opportunities offered by pre-employment
and vocational training programs also
contributed to the program's success.
Program Objective
The objective of the Incentive Allowance
Program is to provide a work experience to an
income assistance recipient in preparation for
entry into the employment market.
A special allowance of up to $50 per month
can be paid to a single income assistance
recipient and up to $ 100 per month can be paid
to a family head for participation in a local
community service program. This is a
rehabilitative measure and the purpose is to give
the individual an opportunity to gain experience
and confidence in working with others, while
also making a contribution to the community.
The payment provides incentive and assists with
costs of clothing and transportation that are
required by this kind of participation.
Incentive allowance is paid to income
assistance recipients who have been removed
from the labour force for a long period of time.
Many are mothers who have either never
worked or have not worked for a long period of
time due to family responsibilities. Late in
1978, there was a change in policy limiting the
period a recipient could remain on the Incentive
Program to 6 months within a 36 month period.
The policy change ensues that a participant is
benefiting from the placement and that a
maximum number of people are able to
participate in the program.
Eligible people are selected for participation
on the basis of availability of opportunities and
the potential for rehabilitation. There are
approximately 400 people participating in the
program at any one time.
The following are numbers of people and
costs involved in the Incentive Allowance
Number on Program
in 12-Month Period
Cost of Program
Program Objective
The objective of the Community Involvement
Program is to provide an opportunity for
socially handicapped or otherwise unemployable
persons to participate with others in community
services endeavours, thereby benefiting both
themselves and their community.
This program was introduced in June 1976.
Like the Incentive Allowance Program, the
Community Involvement Program is carried out
in communities with income assistance
recipients performing useful community work in
volunteer activities in non-profit agencies.
The Ministry of Human Resources provides a
grant of $50 a month to participants in this
program to cover transportation, clothing, and
miscellaneous expenses associated with the
Unlike the Incentive Program, there are no
minimum number of hours for participants in
the Community Involvement Program, nor is the
duration of the contract time-limited. These
factors are determined by the needs of the
individual and local opportunities.
Program Objective
The objective of the Training and Education
Program is to assist income assistance recipients
with vocational, educational, or rehabilitative
training in order to obtain employment.
Educational and vocational upgrading is paid
to income assistance recipients who cannot be
assisted from other sources such as Canada
Manpower or the Ministries of Education or
Labour, and who require assistance in order to
become job-ready. Eligible persons are
identified by Ministry staff, often with the aid
of, or recommendation from, the Provincial
Rehabilitation and Employment (PREP) staff of
the Ministry.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
In 1978 the employment market was once
again restricted but did not present as many
problems as were expected for those recipients
seeking upgrading and vocational courses.
Waiting periods for vacancies in courses were
shorter. Greater coordination between PREP
staff, financial assistance workers administering
income assistance benefits, and the staffs of the
Canada Employment Centre Training Section and
the Vocational School Counsellors resulted in
much improved job placement opportunities on
completion of training.
In addition to continued payment of income
assistance, up to $20 per month in the case of a
single recipient and up to $30 per month in the
case of a family head is provided to assist with
cost of transportation fees and school supplies.
If the Canada Employment Centre provides a
Training Allowance to income assistance
recipients, a portion of this allowance can be
exempted when calculating GAIN benefits ($50 a
month for a single recipient, $100 a month for a
recipient with dependents).
An exemption of monies received through the
Ministry of Education Student Loan/Grant
program is made for any funds granted to cover
the actual costs of tuition, books, supplies or
instruments, transportation for education or
training purposes and a weekly miscellaneous
amount specified within the loan/grant formula
to cover incidental expenses incurred as a
student or trainee is exempted. To provide
greater incentive, the policy this year was
changed to enlarge the amount exempted for the
above items covered by the Student Loan/Grant
Following is a list of expenditures for this
1978 $302,126
1977 $372,514
1976 $303,566
1975  $290,000
1974 $185,000
1973 $ 80,000
Program Objective
The objective of the Repatriation Program is to
assist income assistance recipients to return to other
provinces, and occasionally other countries, when
required for social and health reasons.
The program is available to income assistance
recipients who demonstrate a need for this type of
help. Usually, this need arises due to health
reasons, having a family in another province,
finding employment in another province, or
wishing to return permanently to one's homeland.
The program, although of much benefit to a client
from a strictly humanitarian standpoint, is also a
constructive force in that many clients reunited with
their families, or placed in a job, are no longer on
income assistance.
The increased expenditures for repatriation
reflect increased costs of transportation, rather than
an upsurge in the number of repatriations.
A list of Ministerial expenditures for repatriation,
for the calendar year 1978 and fiscal years 1972-73
to 1977-78 follows:
1978   $108,238     1974-75   $30,325
1977-78   $ 75,511     1973-74  $11,951
1976-77   $ 57,105     1972-72   $ 9,224
1975-76   $ 32,482
Program Objective
The purpose of the Indigent Burial program is to
permit payment of burial or cremation costs where
no other means of payment exists.
Burial services, including provision of burial
plot, cremation, casket, and basic dignified burial,
are provided when the deceased has neither an
estate, nor families or others able or prepared to take
this responsibility. Services are provided in
accordance with arrangements established with the
Funeral Directors Association of British Columbia.
Referrals for assistance with burial costs can be
made by city officials, police, a relative, Official
Administrator, the Public Trustee, or other
interested persons.
A list of Ministerial expenditures for burials for
the calendar year 1978 and fiscal years 1972-73 to
1977-78 follows:
1978   $249,378     1974-75   $187,027
1977-78    $191,922     1973-74   $158,109
1976-77    $332,573     1972-73   $166,212
1975-76   $220,654
Program Objective
The objective of the Transition Homes and
Hostel Programs is to provide temporary room and
board to people who may require income assistance
and who are "in transition'', i.e., families in crisis,
people recently released from hospitals, prison, or
other treatment centres, drug and alcohol dependent
persons, or women separated from their husbands
and homes.
 L54 Human Resources
Fifty facilities, administered by non-profit
societies and private businesses provide shelter on a
time-limited basis. Residents who require financial
aid may apply to the nearest Ministry of Human
Resources Office, where their needs may be met in
the form of direct income assistance or the facility
operators may be authorized to bill the Ministry
directly on a per diem basis at a pre-determined rate.
Hostels are licensed through the Community Care
Facilities Licensing Board of the Ministry of
Health, and hotels, which are sometimes used as
hostel resources, are approved locally by the
Ministry of Human Resources. The budget for these
facilities is a part of the Income Assistance budget
and is administered through the Income Assistance
Division. However, grants for operating cost to meet
the needs of specific groups are provided by the
Government ministry concerned. For example,
facilities for drug addicts and alcoholics receive
grants directly from the Provincial Alcohol and
Drug Commission. By year-end the bed capacity
available to the Ministry of Human Resources in
these programs was approximately 1,100.
Alcohol and Drug facilities and Transition House
staff may provide counselling services in addition to
providing room and board. Where this is done other
Ministry staff, volunteers or private agencies
fund staff to provide the counselling services.
Hostel staff generally provide only room and board,
as well as some referral services to appropriate
Program Cost-Sharing
Shelter costs are shared equally with the Federal
Government for people designated as being "in
 Section IV
Basic Health Care Services 57
Pharmacare   58
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
The objective of the Health Care Services
Program is to arrange for provision of quality health
care for eligible persons at a reasonable cost.
Health Care Division offers consultation to the
staff of the Ministry's district offices to ensure that
they are aware of available health care services. In
order to ensure the best possible service, the
Division has the capacity to retain specialists in any
field for consultation.
The following groups of persons are eligible for
health care coverage through the Ministry:
"Unemployable'' persons under 60 years of age
who receive GAIN payments; children in the care of
the Superintendent of Child Welfare, or in the
home of a relative who receives income
assistance on their behalf; GAIN recipients over
60 years of age who qualify through a needs test.
Accounts from medical practitioners (doctors,
chiropractors, physiotherapists, etc.) are paid by
the Medical Services Plan of British Columbia.
Accounts for hospital services are paid by the
Hospital Programs Branch of the Ministry of
Health. Health Care Division processes accounts
for the following additional services:
Medical Services
Payment is made for examinations that are
required by the Ministry of Human Resources in
connection with the administration of the GAIN
Payment is made on behalf of eligible persons
who require medical clearance for activities such as
camp attendance and sports.
In some cases, when the yearly Medical Services
Plan limit for physiotherapy has been exhausted,
the Division may pay for up to an additional ten
treatment, when the physiotherapist has obtained
prior approval.
Dental Services
Basic dental care is provided for all eligible
persons. Special dental care, such as root canal
treatments or partial dentures, may be provided
with the prior approval of the Division and its
consultative staff.
Orthodontic services are provided to children of
Income Assistance families and children in care
with severe dental problems within an assigned
yearly budget and with prior approval of the
Optical Services
Standard single vision or bifocal glasses are
provided when prescribed by an ophthalmologist or
optometrist. Unusual needs (such as plastic lenses,
trifocals, or contact lenses) may also be provided,
with prior approval of the Division.
Ancillary Services
The Division provides prescribed
non-transferable medical needs such as braces and
surgical supports when client's income and assets
do not permit private purchase.
Prescribed wheel-chairs may also be provided. In
such cases the client's needs may be assessed by the
Canadian Paraplegic Association or other
specialized agencies, at the Division's request and
expense, for the best advice in ordering the specific
chair or other equipment which will meet the
client's physical needs and environmental
circumstances. Purchasing is arranged through the
British Columbia Purchasing Commission to obtain
the best possible price.
There has been a growing demand for electric
wheelchairs for clients with tragic physical
problems (e.g. quadraplegics, children with
Cerebral Palsy) which has resulted in an
approximate 50% increase in costs compared to last
Transportation to and from clinics, nursing
homes, rehabilitation centres, and hospitals can be
provided for clients who cannot use public
transportation. In cases of life-saving emergencies,
transportation cost may be met for persons on
marginal incomes. Local transportation can be
authorized by the local office. Out-of-province
transportation requires the prior approval of the
Division, and is subject to the out-of-province
medical treatment being pre-authorized by the
Medical Services Plan.
Special Health Needs Program
The Division may, at its discretion, provide any
of the services listed above to persons on marginal
income, following a budget review by local
Ministry staff.
Experimental Programs
Although the program budget is limited, the
Division is always willing to consider provision of
extraordinary items or treatment which may be
prescribed for eligible clients. In 1978, for instance,
the Division made payments on behalf of children
attending the Seagull Centre. This is a Sensory
Motor Development Centre for brain damaged
children (labelled mentally retarded). The basic
idea for the program is to take each child through the
stages of physical development that occur naturally
in normal children from the period in the womb to
the age of 18 months. The theory is that once the
Human Resources
child develops these automatic abilities of the
central nervous system, the rest of his brain - the
part responsible for reasoning and remembering -
will be activated.
The Centre has had success. One of the referring
doctors reports "improved coordination in walking
and running - good progress in language
development and greater verbal communication".
Applications for Handicapped Allowance
With the assistance of consultant medical
specialists, the Division is responsible for deciding
on the medical eligibility of applicants for GAIN for
Handicapped Persons benefits. Approximately
3,415 applications were processed in 1978. This
was the first full year in which a two-stage system of
reimbursing the physicians who examine and report
on GAIN for Handicapped applicants was in effect.
This is a more equitable method of payment as the
physician reporting on a previously unknown
patient receives a higher fee than the physician who
is reporting on a known patient. Improvements in
service to the applicant and in the Ministry's
relations with the medical profession have
Program Objective
The objective of the Pharmacare Program is to
provide full or partial financial assistance to eligible
persons purchasing designated prescription drugs,
ostomy supplies and designated prosthetic
Pharmacare administers four programs, each
benefiting a different group of people. While
benefits are identical within the four plans,
eligibility and degrees of assistance vary.
Pharmacare is of particular benefit to the 281,000
senior citizens in the Province, more than half of
whom have no taxable income. Approximately
30% of the elderly suffer from one or more chronic
diseases or conditions, many of which can be
controlled or alleviated by the proper use of drugs.
Before establishment of this program in 1974, the
expense of proper medication represented a heavy
burden for the elderly. Accounting for
approximately 10 per cent of our population, the
elderly received 22 per cent of all prescriptions and
accounted for over 28 per cent of all drug
expenditures. Following the lead of British
Columbia most other provinces have instituted free
drug programs for the elderly and 90 per cent of
Canada's senior citizens are now covered by a
Provincial drug plan.
Normal professional services of physicians and
pharmacists are extended to Pharmacare recipients
in an identical manner to that enjoyed by all
A higher number of prescriptions are being filled
for the elderly citizens than was the case prior to
Pharmacare. This, however, was a prime
consideration in establishing the program, as many
elderly citizens avoided having a prescription filled
due to the cost factors. Failure to obtain necessary
medication meant incomplete therapy and possible
waste of the medical and/or hospital care already
provided. In 1978,265,000 people were eligible for
these benefits, and their drugs cost $ 17 million
Pharmacare also provides fully paid assistance
to all citizens declared eligible for medical
benefits by the Ministry of Human Resources
(generally these are income assistance recipients
and children in care) as well as to all citizens
receiving care in long-term facilities. In 1978,
20,000 person were eligible for medical benefits
benefits by the Ministry, for a total cost of $7
million, and 100,000 persons were eligible under
the long-term care program, cost $6 million.
Universal Pharmacare, introduced in June 1977,
provides partial protection against major drug and
other expenses for all citizens not receiving benefits
on a fully paid basis. Universal Pharmacare will
provide 80 per cent reimbursement for all eligible
expenses exceeding $100.00 in a calendar year. In
1978, a total of 2.2 million people were eligible for
this benefit, for a total cost of $3.2 million on
200,000 claims.
In total, 2.585 million people were eligible for
Pharmacare benefits in 1978, costing $33.2
 Section V
Community Grants Program 61
Community Human Resources and
Health Centres    68
Counselling 69
Work Activity Projects   69
Achievement Centres Program 69
Senior Citizens Counsellors    72
Seniors Day Centres Program 72
Handicapped Industries Guild    73
Community Living Society 73
Bus Passes 74
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
The year 1978 marked the formation of
Community Projects Divison. The Division was
formed to provide integration and coordination of
community-based preventive and rehabilitative
social services delivered by non-profit societies and
volunteers to special needs groups, handicapped
adults and senior citizens. The following programs
are within this Division's purview; Community
Grants Program, Achievement Centres Program,
Residences for Retarded Adults Program, Living
Independently for Equality Program (L.I.F.E.),
Senior Citizens Counsellor Service, Seniors Day
Centres Program, Community Human Resources
and Health Centres, and the Work Activity
The year's activities were highlighted by
increased Ministry financial contributions to
Achievement Centres and Senior Citizen
Counsellors. The Ministry's thrust towards
de-institutionalized community based services
under the L.I.F.E. Program was highlighted by the
establishment and funding of the Community
Living Society.
Program Objective
The objective of the Community Grants Program
is to obtain services in the community for those in
need or likely to be in need, through non-profit
societies, where such services are not within the
scope of statutory services. These services are
complementary to and supportive of statutory
programs and a large number of volunteers are
involved in service delivery. During 1978, a new
policy was developed which emphasized the
identification of short-term projects and
longer-term projects, some of which are suitable for
purchase of service.
Regional offices of the Ministry are responsible
for the initial screening of new applications as well
as monitoring progress for established projects. The
Community Projects Division links the Regional
Office to senior administration, consulting and
advising as required.
In 1978, a total of 222 grants to community
projects helped harness the immense potential of
volunteer service for community improvement.
The following lists Ministerial expenditures on
community grants in the calendar year 1978 and the
fiscal year 1971-72 through 1977-78:
1978  $6,723,929
1977-78  $6,813,113
1976-77  $5,856,612
1975-76  $8,092,303
1974-75  $9,313,165
1973-74  $2,871,707
1972-73  $   737,850
1971-72  $   242,678
Human Resources
Armstrong-Spallumcheen Community
Service Association (Percentage of
grant) $2,132.36
Burnaby Life Line Society  57,084.00
Crossroad Crisis & Family Services Society
(Percentage of grant)  13,969.50
Cowichan Valley Regional District Activity
Centre (Percentage of grant)  3,015.33
Fernie Homemaker Society  34,212.00
Stuart Nechako Community Services
Society  12,465.00
Nechako Valley Community Services
Society (Percentage of grant)  6,232.50
Golden Community Resources Society
(Percentage of grant)  2,162.12
Boundary Family and Individual Services
Society (Percentage of grant)  8,335.88
Cowichan Lake District Community Activity
and Resource Centre (Percentage of
grant)   $13,705.00
Maple Ridge - Pitt Meadows Community
Services Society (Percentage of
grant)  11,090.26
Nelson Community Services Society
(Percentage of grant)  11,751.94
Family Services of Greater Vancouver
(North Shore Branch) 22,738.00
North Shore Neighbourhood
House  20,718.40
Penticton and District Social Planning
Society - Special Action Group  24,812.69
Prince George Moms' and Kids'
Drop-In  23,959.41
Revelstoke Receiving Home
Society 760.35
Family Services of Greater Vancouver
- Surrey Family Counselling
Services  16,754.13
Terrace & District Community Services
Society - Mothers Time Off 21,254.50
Boys and Girls Club of Greater
Vancouver - South Vancouver  $ 11,736.84
Champlain Place Tenants Association  500.00
Fraserview Area Society - South
Vancouver Neighbourhood House - Family
Outreach Worker, Orchard Park   10,979.51
Gordon House Neighbourhood Services
- Gordon House People Place 22,461.00
Kitsilano Neighbourhood House
- Kitsilano Family & Community
Focus  3,618.75
Makwalla Native Women' s
Association 24,773.25
Mount Pleasant Family
Centre Association  26,341.50
Mount Pleasant Neighbourhood
House (Neighbourhood Services
Association) - Family and
Children's Worker  13,583.18
Vancouver Indian Centre Society
- Native Family Counsellor   10,125.00
Volunteer Grandparents Association ... 29,753.43
West End Community Centre
Association  2,307.08
West Side Family Place Society 22,050.00
YWCA - Co-op Homes for Single
Parents  11,629.00
Catholic Community Services  53,750.00
Coalition of B. C. Rape Centres   25,000.00
John Howard Society of B.C 43,890.00
Lower Mainland Parents-In-Crisis 40,395.00
Saltspring Island Community
Society  $ 17,802.99
Downtown Blanshard Advisory
Committee   16,410.75
Esquimalt - Vic West - View Royal
Advisory Committee  16,501.97
Peninsula Community Association -
Social Service Support Workers   15,303.48
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Matsqui-Abbotsford Transportation
Society  $ 33,142.50
Armstrong-Spallumcheen Community
Service Centre Association
(Percentage of grant)  12,215.36
Coquitlam S.H.A.R.E. Society
(Percentage of grant) 41,709.00
Cranbrook Homemaker Service  7,838.61
South Peace Senior Citizens
Association  39,015.13
Deltassist Society (Percentage
of grant)   107,734.50
Boundary Family & Individual Services
Society (Percentage of grant)   11,282.56
Multiple Sclerosis Society -
Kelowna Chapter   6,937.74
Kimberley and District Homemakers
Service Society  9,528.24
Mission Community Services
(Percentage of grant)  13,942.44
Nelson and District Homemaker
Service - Transportation Project  11,971.50
Western Society for Senior Citizens
Services $141,302.99
Multiple Sclerosis Society -
Penticton Chapter   12,063.48
Port Alberni Wheels for the
Handicapped  9,045.75
Prince George Carefree Society   88,423.50
Princeton & District Community
Services (Percentage of
grant)  13,644.15
Quesnel and District Community
AidSociety 42,756.24
Richmond Volunteer Transportation
Society  16,815.00
Sunshine Coast Resources Society
(Percentage of grant)  35,233.10
Parkdale Place Housing Society   7,126.50
Surrey Community Resource
Centre   100,999.98
Fraserview Area Society South
Vancouver Neighbourhood House -
South Vancouver Transportation
Service  16,994.06
Kitsilano Inter-Neighbourhood Development
Society - Kitsilano Transportation
Services $ 32,250.00
Senior Citizens Outreach Society  45,018.94
Vernon Branch Multiple Sclerosis
Society  15,986.50
Arbutus Crafts Association  8,591.25
Multiple Sclerosis Society of Vancouver
Island   17,980.74
North Shore Transportation
Service   123,448.26
White Rock Community Aid  57,221.01
B.C. Lions Society for Crippled
Children   87,450.00
 Human Resources
Cranbrook Boy's & Girls'Club  25,802.10
Nawican Friendship Centre   22,179.99
Hillside Boys & Girls Club   27,939.25
Community Options Society 20,832.64
Cowichan Valley Regional District Activity
Centre (Percentage of grant)  5,412.10
Falkland & District Community
Association  14,075.73
Fort Nelson - Liard Native Friendship
Society  11,499.99
Fort St. John Friendship
Society   1,702.00
Wil Luu Sa'yd Goot Society  19,303.50
Boys'& Girls'Club of Kamloops   24,675.00
Kamloops Community YM-YWCA .... 27,570.75
Westsyde Human Action Movement 4,329.00
Kitimat Community Services Society - Youth
Worker Project   12,147.00
Cowichan Lake District Community Activity and
Resource Centre (Percentage of
grant)  13,705.00
Boys' & Girls' Club of Nanaimo  25,676.75
Nelson Youth Activities Society   19,900.00
YM-YWCA of New Westminster and
District 34,097.00
YMCA of Greater Vancouver - North Shore
Unit  2,456.49
Penticton Boys'& Girls'Club   18,153.24
Port Alberni Family Guidance Association
(Percentage of grant)  12,611.03
Powell River & District Youth Services
Association 12,402.00
Matsqui-Sumas-Abbotsford Community Service
Centre (Percentage of grant)   $ 48,098.50
Armstrong - Spallumcheen Community Service
Centre (Percentage of grant)   17,102.37
Chilliwack Community Services (Percentage
of grant)  27,268.00
Deltassist Society (Percentage of
grant  39,389.30
Cowichan Lake District Community Activity and
Resource Centre (Percentage of
grant)  13,705.00
Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows Community Services
Society (Percentage of grant)   18,241.49
Mission Community Services (Percentage of
grant)  20,956.56
District 69 Society of Organized Services
(Percentage of grant)  2,488.75
Princeton and District Community Services
(Percentage of grant)  13,627.78
St. James Social Service Society 62,025.00
Matsqui-Sumas-Abbotsford Community Services
(Percentage of grant)  $ 16,658.35
Armstrong-Spallumcheen Community Services
Centre Association (Percentage of
grant)  12,067.40
The Citizens Development Fund   80,707.50
Fraser Correctional Resources
Society 82,812.24
Lochdale Area Community
School   12,660.99
Burns Lake Bridge the Gap Society   9,437.36
Campbell River Youth Society 24,493.50
Comox-Strathcona Youth Chance
Society  23,667.24
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Prince Rupert Friendship House
Association  13,583.49
Community Contact Society   110,180.00
Shuswap Youth Centre Association .... 46,953.75
Smithers Community Resources Board - Youth
Centre  39,382.26
Guildford Recreation Society  24,272.01
Mayfair Family Program Society  24,033.51
Chimo-Richmond Crisis Centre -
Lindsay Gardens Project   10,482.10
Big Brothers of Greater Vancouver  15,000.00
Big Sisters of Greater Vancouver   16,402.00
Britannia Community Services Centre -
Britannia Child Care Worker   11,956.50
Franklin Community School Assn  12,231.45
Frog Hollow Community Services
Centre Society   10,025.25
Gordon House Neighbourhood Services -
Youth Worker   11,812.50
Immigrant Services Society of B.C 9,570.12
Killarney Community Centre
Society  10,959.92
Kitsilano Neighbourhood House - Bay view
School Childcare Worker   11,607.59
Kiwassa Neighbourhood Services Association -
Kiwassa McDonald Project   3,332.17
Mount Pleasant Neighbourhood Services -
Teen Centre   11,751.31
Neighbourhood Services Association of Greater
Vancouver - Cedar Cottage/Kensington
YouthProject   10,498.49
Neighbourhood Services Association of
Greater Vancouver - False Creek School
Child Care Counsellor  10,144.16
Strathcona Community Centre
Association  9,750.00
Vancouver YWCA-Vancouver South Group
Worker  12,235.50
Peninsula Community Association - Teen Activity
of Saanich Peninsula  19,084.98
Victoria West Community Development
Association (Percentage of
grant)  12,352.99
Victoria YM-YWCA - Detached Youth Worker
Project  $87,266.25
Boys' & Girls' Club of Greater Victoria -
Langford  4,533.48
Boys' & Girls' Club of Greater Victoria -
Newton Gardens Project   3,177.00
Cariboo Youth Outreach 9,356.66
East Kootenay Mental Health Society
(Percentage of grant)  $ 12,595.00
Kelly Lake Community Development
Society  6,249.99
Nanaimo Community Employment
Advisory Board  16,996.26
Port Coquitlam Area Women's
Centre   3,315.53
Prince George Community Resource
Advisory Committee  100.00
Prince George Community Resource
Society  6,000.00
Prince George Elder Citizens
Recreation Society  2,499.00
Quesnel Community Advisory
Committee   500.00
District of Surrey - Surrey Advisory
Committee 500.00
Greater Vancouver Information
& Referral Service Society  22,500.00
Multilingual Orientation Service
Association for Immigrant
Communities  83,925.00
St. James Social Service
Society - New Hope Drop-In Centre  4,950.00
Strathcona Property Owners and
Tenants Association   18,945.49
Human Resources
United Chinese Community Enrichment
Services Society   $  11,250.00
B.C. Federation of Foster Parents   18,519.50
Pacific Association of Communication
in Friendship Indian Centres 50,000.00
Social Planning and Review Council
ofB.C  22,500.00
Coquitlam S.H.A.R.E. Society
(Percentage of grant)  $ 59,169.00
Upper Island Low Income Society  9,513.75
Central Okanagan Social Planning
Council-S.H.A.R.E  17,500.00
Self Aid Never Ends (S.A.N.E.)
Society 27,639.00
Projects Society for the Low Income
and Handicapped  18,441.00
District 69 Society of Organized
Services (Percentage of grant)  2,488.75
Penticton & District Social Planning
Society - Employability Project   41,346.37
Grandview Free Store Society  7,957.50
Red Door Rental Aid Society 29,291.25
Vancouver Community Workshop
Society 30,881.90
Vancouver Indian Centre Society   11,119.00
St. James Social Services Society
- Victory House 27,325.00
Vancouver Life Skills Society   3,000.75
Federated Anti-Poverty Groups  711.24
Cowichan Valley Regional District
Activity Centre (Percentage of
grant)  $    3,014.57
Golden Community Resources Society
(Percentage of grant)  4,413.70
Nanaimo Association for the
Mentally Retarded - Citizen
Advocacy  11,894.59
Alberni Valley Citizens Advocacy
Society  4,441.50
Senior Citizens Activation
and Motivation Program    63,763.50
Coast Foundation Society  69,408.75
Douglas Park Community Centre
Association   5,036.66
Dunbar Community Association   5,545.13
First United Church - Downtown
Handicapped Program   8,298.00
Ryerson "Carefree" Executive
Committee   2,625.00
Vancouver Mental Patients Assn 58,506.75
Vancouver Optimist Club   956.25
Vancouver Resource Society for the
Physically Disabled  43,165.00
Kiwassa Neighbourhood Services -
Hear Hear Project 4,495.54
Garth Homer Achievement Centre  95,065.60
Greater Victoria Citizens
Advocacy Society  28,431.75
Physically Handicapped Action
Committee Society  $ 15,393.49
Victoria Society for the Recreation
of Handicapped Persons  15,000.00
B.C. Mental Retardation Institute  43,750.00
Canadian Paraplegic Association
-B.C. Division  81,360.00
Canadian Wheelchair Sports
Association  11,494.99
Pacific Association for Autistic
Citizens  26,877.00
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Campbell River Counselling and Crisis (Percentage
of grant) Line Services Society  $14,001.00
Chilliwack Community Services (Percentage of
grant)  21,320.00
Cowichan Family Life
Association  14,130.99
Kamloops Family Life
Association  52,594.98
Langley Family Services   23,684.23
Mission Community Services (Percentage
of grant)   835.55
Nanaimo Family Life Association (Percentage
of grant)  7,643.90
District 69 Society of Organized Service
(Percentage of grant)  4,977.49
Port Alberni Family Guidance (Percentage
of grant)  6,766.72
Surrey-White Rock Family
Development  25,082.00
Family Services Association of Greater
Vancouver Renfrew Collingwood Family
Project 4,790.50
Unitarian Family Life Centre of
Vancouver  12,905.25
Greater Victoria Citizens Counselling
Centre  27,234.00
Saanich Peninsula Guidance
Association  18,376.74
Campbell River Counselling and Crisis Line
Services Society (Percentage of
grant)  $14,001.00
Chilliwack Community Services (Percentage
of grant)   6,285.00
Coquitlam S.H.A.R.E. Society (Percentage
of grant)   33,637.00
Crossroads Crisis and Family Services
Society (Percentage of grant)   13,969.50
East Kootenay Mental Health Centre (Percentage
of grant)   13,406.00
Canadian Mental Health Association .... 1,005.00
Nechako Valley Community Services Society
Crisis Line and Drop-in Centre (Percentage
of grant)  6,232.50
Central Okanagan Social Planning Society
Advice Service Kelowna (Percentage
of grant)   19,696.91
Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows Community Services
Society (Percentage of grant)  35,561.50
Nanaimo Association for Intervention and
Development 40,644.00
Nelson Community Services Society (Percentage
of grant)   32,834.25
Prince George Crisis Intervention
Society  35,004.99
Quesnel Contact Line and Centre   26,440.23
Chimo-Richmond Crisis Centre 57,000.00
Surrey Inter-section Society   19,250.00
Terrace and District Community Services
Society Volunteer Coordinator and Crisis
Line   11,987.76
Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention
Centre for Greater Vancouver   17,649.00
Vernon & District Volunteer Society (Percentage
of grant)   13,718.29
Need Crisis Line  34,548.75
Elkroy Benevolent Society     21,000.00
Human Resources
Matsqui-Sumas-Abbotsford Community Services
(Percentage of grant)  $11,833.15
Agassiz Social Services Society  10,024.98
Kootenay Columbia Child Care
Society   8,773.50
Chilliwack Community Services (Percentage
of grant)   6,267.00
Coquitlam Volunteer Bureau  8,779.49
East Kootenay Mental Health Centre (Percentage
of grant)   12,633.00
Crescent Beach Community
Services  12,765.00
Deltassist Society (Percentage of
grant)  11,193.20
North Peace Community Resources
Society 26,544.91
Central Okanagan Social Planning Society -
Advice Service Kelowna (Percentage of
grant)    13,246.57
Kitimat Community Services Society -
Volunteer Coordinator    4,415.27
Langley Community Services   16,425.00
Mission Community Services (Percentage
of grant)  9,430.45
Nanaimo Family Life Association (Percentage
of grant)   10,797.35
Nelson Community Services Association
(Percentage of grant)  13,765.06
Capilano Community Services
Society  7,791.24
Penticton & District Social Planning Society -
Co-operative Community Services  55,412.16
Port Alberni and Area Volunteer
Society 24,371.25
Sunshine Coast Resources Society (Percentage
of grant)   19,807.53
Smithers Community Resources Board Society -
Volunteer Bureau   9,003.75
Surrey Coordinating Centre   15,079.63
Vancouver Volunteer Centre  31,350.00
Vernon & District Volunteer Centre (Percentage
of grant)    10,032.21
Greater Victoria Volunteer Bureau
Society 35,121.48
Oak Bay Community Association  5,750.13
Victoria West Community Development
Association (Percentage of grant)  9,194.00
North Shore Institute of Living and
Learning   14,482.82
North Shore Volunteers for Seniors .... 11,739.75
Program Objective
Community Human Resources and Health
Centres are located at Houston, Granisle, Queen
Charlotte Islands and James Bay (in Victoria).
The Centres are jointly financed by the
Ministries of Health and Human Resources to
deliver social services, primary medical care,
public health nursing and mental health
Granisle's services include: primary medical
care, lab and x-ray services, statutory social
services, public health nursing and a Daybreak
program for mothers and young children.
Queen Charlotte Islands' services include:
primary medical care, physiotherapy, social
services, public health nursing, homemakers,
volunteers program, senior citizens program.
James Bay's services include: primary medical
care, expanded role nursing, social services (a
seconded District Office Staff), homemakers,
volunteers program, public health nursing, youth
services, senior citizens programs, legal services
and probation officer.
Houston's services include: primary medical
care, lab and x-ray services, emergency
services, social services, public health,
psychologist, physiotherapy and a Community
Outreach Program.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
This year the Centres reached staff and program
targets for the delivery of most health and social
needs programs required by the communities they
serve. Centre priorities to meet outstanding
problems are the development in the Queen
Charlottes for expanded dental services and a
pharmacy in Masset, expanded family support
programs in Granisle, and increased medical
staff in Houston to respond to the community's
industrial growth in the last year.
The Centres are now focusing on increasing
community involvement, developing preventive
and early intervention programs, and expanding
inter-professional cooperation and integration of
planning and evaluating programs.
Program Objective
The objective of the Counselling Program is to
assist people who have personal problems that may
be of many different types, but which can be
ameliorated by appropriate counselling or referral
to a community agency.
When people have personal, social, or family
problems that may or may not be associated with
needs relating to income assistance or other
Ministry services and programs, the Ministry of
Human Resources provides a counselling and
referral service. The Ministry also assists by
funding, in whole or in part, non-profit societies
who operate crisis, information, and referral centres
and Family Life programs.
Any person wanting specific information about
community services or needing personal
counselling may direct his request to any local
Ministry office, or to any Information and Referral
Centre, Crisis Centre, Family Life Centre, or
Family Support Program.
Counselling Services are an integral part of the
Ministry's field staff services. The services funded
by the Ministry are listed under Community Grants.
Program Objective
The objective of the Work Activity Program is to
provide work preparation programs for people who
have unusual difficulty in obtaining and
maintaining employment, or in benefitting from
other training programs.
Groups of carefully selected trainees go through a
training program which may last six or more
months. Components of the programs include life
skills training designed to help an individual with
such things as money management, job interview
techniques, the skills of holding on to a job,
counselling and education, all of which are
provided with work settings such as forestry
projects, or workshops for light industry.
Programs may be adapted for special groups
such as the handicapped, or for people in
receipt of income assistance under the GAIN
regulations, or who are considered likely to be in
need under terms of the Canada Assistance Plan.
At year end there were six Work Activity
Programs underway: the Fraser Valley Work
Activity Project, the Victoria Boys and Girls Work
Activity Project, the Surrey Rehabilitation
Workshop Work Activity Project, the Vancouver
Youth Work Activity Project, the Arbutus Work
Incentive Society Work Activity Project and the
Cowichan Valley Work Activity Project. As well, a
project of the Canadian Mental Health Association,
Victoria Branch was in the formative stages in
December, 1978.
Work Activity programs cost $771,778 in 1978.
Table 23 Work Activity Projects, Ministerial
Expenditures, Calendar Year 1978, and
Fiscal Years 1972-73 to 1977-78
Program Objective
The objective of the Achievement Centres
Program is to financially assist registered
non-profit societies which operate Achievement
Centres for adult handicapped or other disabled
individuals, with the costs of salaries and
On October 1, 1978, funding to Achievement
Centres was increased by 150 an hour, to total
730 per user-hour. Grants to smaller centres
were also increased.
Achievement Centres provide organized and
structured activities for handicapped or other
disabled individuals over school-leaving age,
designed to improve their social functioning, or
foster personal independence, or develop
potential for further training or employment.
Human Resources
Typically, such centres offer programs to teach
and practise life skills, social skills and
community skills, and often use arts and crafts
as focal points of operation. Some centres
provide a workshop setting where the aim is to
teach basic work skills and work practices; this
is often accomplished by the manufacture or
refurbishing of items for sale, or by contract
work for other organizations.
To be eligible for financial support from the
Ministry of Human Resources, centres must
agree to the following conditions: to serve
physically or mentally handicapped persons over
school-leaving age, regardless of the
handicapped condition; to provide evidence of
continuing community support; to accept
participants from community boarding homes
without charging a fee (approximately half of
the subsidized centres in the Province charge a
' 'training fee'' to participants who do not reside
in boarding homes); to ensure that charges made
for contract work are comparable to rates
charged by the private sector for similar work
performed; and, to operate under the auspices of
a registered agency or non-profit society.
Once approved, centres submit monthly
billing forms to the Ministry of Human
Resources and payment is based on a formula
determined by the number of user-hours per
month. The monthly grants give assistance with
staff salaries and/or costs of supplies.
A transportation allowance of up to $20 a
month may be paid to help eligible people
attend the centres.
At year end, 74 centres were in receipt of
grants, and the amounts paid to each are listed
at the end of this section. Approximately 4,700
persons attend the centres each month.
Ministerial expenditures to achievement
centres in 1978 were as follows:
MSA Association for the
Retarded $ 60,086.25
MSA Community Services  29,237.92
Armstrong-Enderby Association for
the Mentally Retarded   16,381.30
Burnaby Association for the
Mentally Retarded  57,607.13
Canadian Mental Health
Association 32,427.88
Campbell River District Association
for the Mentally Retarded 23,227.18
Kootenay Society for the
Handicapped   15,016.84
Chilliwack and District Opportunity
Workshop  27,306.95
Bevan Lodge Association  71,363.75
Kootenay Society for the
Handicapped  37,253.09
Kootenay Society for the
Handicapped  20,495.84
Dawson Creek Society for Retarded
Children   $ 20,241.38
Duncan and District Association for
the Mentally Handicapped  45,972.00
Saltspring Island Community
Society   8,390.00
Grand Forks and District
Society for the Handicapped  17,319.40
Hope Association for the
Retarded   12,478.50
Windermere and District Social
Service Society   15,462.50
Kamloops Society for the
Retarded   90,897.53
Canadian Mental Health
Association 54,437.90
Kelowna and District Society
for the Mentally Retarded  56,032.53
Kitimat Association for the
Mentally Retarded   11,590.00
Langley Association for the
Handicapped 28,803.42
Maple Ridge Association for the
Mentally Retarded  28,325.66
Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows Community
Services Council  34,905.89
Nicola Valley Association for
the Mentally Retarded   11,244.00
Mission Workshop Association  39,022.88
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Canadian Mental Health
Association   9,270.00
Nanaimo Association for the
Mentally Retarded   77,402.52
Kootenay Society for the
Handicapped   33,855.00
New Westminster - Coquitlam
Society for the Retarded 92,118.66
SANESociety   56,455.64
Canadian Mental Health
Association  17,155.50
North Shore Association for
the Mentally Retarded   59,893.25
Parksville - Qualicum Beach
Association for the Handicapped  9,627.76
Penticton and District Society for
the Mentally Handicapped   78,900.46
Alberni District Association for
the Mentally Retarded   24,504.24
New View Society  27,099.49
Powell River Association for
the Mentally Handicapped  47,578.48
Prince George and District Association
for the Retarded  31,544.01
Princeton and District Community
Services  10,430.00
Quesnel and District Association
for the Mentally Retarded   11,839.48
Revelstoke and District Association
for the Mentally Retarded  5,990.00
Vancouver - Richmond Association for
the Mentally Retarded   52,746.18
Salmon Arm Association for the
Mentally Retarded   30,834.56
Upper Fraser Valley Society for
the Retarded  18,960.37
Surrey Association for the
Mentally Retarded  60,061.34
Surrey Rehabilitation Society   30,864.73
Terrace Association for the
Mentally Retarded   13,584.45
Kootenay Society for the
Handicapped  20,141.07
Arbutus Work Incentive Society   20,360.00
Berwick Memorial Centre   8,390.00
Canadian Mental Health
Association 47,777.11
Coast Foundation Society  67,514.37
St. James' Social Service
Society  12,920.00
The Kettle Friendship Centre 21,570.00
Vancouver Central Lions Club   12,079.00
Vancouver Mental Patients Association
Society 42,984.00
Vancouver - Richmond Association for
the Mentally Retarded  178,190.49
Canadian Mental Health Association ... 30,086.87
Vernon and District Association
for the Mentally Retarded   71,734.26
Arbutus Crafts Association  $ 31,536.56
Canadian Mental Health
Association 79,555.29
Capital Region Association for
the Mentally Handicapped   81,604.65
Garth Homer Achievement
Centre 21,018.72
Semiahmoo House Association  56,208.00
Williams Lake and District Association
for the Mentally Retarded   14,542.20
Total cost of Achievement
Centres program in 1978  $2,484,456.23
Human Resources
Program Objective
Senior Citizens Counsellors provide a
counselling and information service to senior
citizens. The counsellors are themselves senior
citizens and work as volunteers.
The program began in 1968 with 30 senior
citizen counsellors recommended to the Ministry
by old-age pensioners' groups. In 1978, there
were 136. Working as volunteers, the
counsellors' interest in other senior citizens
involves them in a helping role in a wide
variety of of activities - driving elderly people
for medical appointments; visiting the lonely;
providing information, counselling, and referral
services; advising on Government programs;
assisting with the completion of forms; or aiding
in the development of programs in the
community to meet the special needs of senior
The Counsellors work closely with their local
Ministry of Human Resources Office. They
maintain and update their knowledge of
services, and changes in Federal/Provincial
programs (e.g. OAS, GIS, GAIN, SAFER,
etc.) by attending workshops and seminars.
Counsellors are appointed upon recommendation
from Regional Managers. They are respected
members of their community, involved in some
community work prior to retirement.
Counsellors submit monthly reports for
out-of-pocket expenses, and may be reimbursed
up to a maximum of $60 per month. On
December 1 st the out-of-pocket expense
allowance was increased to $75 per month.
Following is a list of expenditures for the Senior
Citizens Counsellor Service:
1978 (calendar)   $64,832
1977-78   $56,208
1976-77  $58,117
1975-76   $54,874
1974-75  $48,763
1973-74   $38,074
1972-73   $25,000
1971-72   $21,100
It is estimated the following number of people
were served by Senior Citizen Counsellors in
these years:
1978 (calendar)   85,500
1977-78  73,500
1976-77  70,000
1975-76  66,750
1974-75   57,000
1973-74 49,000
1972-73  44,200
1971-72   37,600
Program Objective
The objective of the Seniors Day Centres
Program is to provide community-based drop-in
centres for the elderly. The centres may provide
counselling and information, recreational
activities, arts and crafts, together with an
opportunity for socialization. The intent is to
enable a senior citizen to remain in his own
community and avoid becoming a shut-in and
possible candidate for some type of long-term
Grants are provided to non-profit societies
who operate such centres. The grants assist with
building upkeep, utilities, staff costs, and
program expenses.
The centres are usually open to all persons in
the senior age range. In some cases a modest
membership fee is charged.
The following programs are funded in 1978:
Matsqui - Abbotsford Community
Services - Seniors Centre  $ 24,638.50
Campbell RiverO. A.P  6,496.25
Coombs Hobby Pensioners 6,481.50
Cowichan Valley Regional District
- Seniors Activity Centre  6,907.50
Senior Citizen's Branch #95
Falkland - Seniors Recreation
Centre  800.00
Cowichan Lake District Community
Activity & Resource Centre -
Seniors Centre  3,743.49
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
North Shore Adult Day Care
Services  37,442.49
Silver Harbour Manor Society  80,304.99
Penticton & District Retirement
Service Recreation Centre   24,450.00
Sunrise Pavilion (District of
Surrey) $ 80,000.00
Arbutus - Shaughnessy - Kerrisdale
Project for Seniors   14,290.00
Chown Adult Day Care 28,706.25
Crossreach Project of Vancouver  47,700.00
Downtown Eastside Residents
Association   8,338.50
411 Seniors Centre Society  47,187.00
Fraserview Area Society South
Vancouver Neighbourhood House
South Vancouver Adult Day Care
Centre  26,693.30
Hastings Sunrise Drop-In Centre   3,600.00
Japanese Community Volunteers
Association  11,011.41
Kitsilano Senior Citizens Recreation
and Social Club  900.00
Marpole Oakridge Area Council  32,449.04
Neighbourhood Services Association
Cedar Cottage/Kensington Services
to Seniors 49,915.94
Renfrew Collingwood Seniors
Society  4,790.50
West End Adult Day Care
Centre Society  23,648.74
Silver Threads Service   107,078.01
Program Objectives
The objective of the Handicapped Industries
Guild is to provide assistance to non-profit
agencies which operate workshop programs
designed to improve vocational opportunities for
handicapped adults.
The Guild makes the following services
available to achievement centres and other
agencies receiving Ministry of Human
Resources funding for vocational advancement
of handicapped adults:
(1) Management support services, including:
-assistance in product and service
-assistance in improving production and
supply of materials
-assistance in systems and procedures
-assistance in marketing of products and
(2) Financial support based on documented
business plans
(3) Encouragement and assistance in the
development of sheltered industries wherein
handicapped employees produce in an
industrial environment and receive
competitive wages
(4) Coordinating services to assist in:
-dissemination and exchange of relevant
vocational information
-liaison to the business community in
promotion of the capabilities of the
-collective representation of handicapped
groups to issues of vocational concern
Vocationally oriented societies for the
handicapped may avail themselves of offered
assistance, but community-based autonomy
remains a key factor in Guild programs.
During 1978, the Guild complied with
innumerable requests for support services from
workshops, fostered establishment of four
sheltered industries creating new jobs for
approximately 50 handicapped persons, and
initiated liaisons with the business community
which have resulted in significant new
production and revenue for existing workshops.
Program Objective
The Community Living Society was
established to assist with the orderly planning
and community placement of developmentally
disabled persons and to encourage community
services to serve these persons.
The Community Living Society works closely
with the individual and his/her family to identify
the person's needs, to develop a plan and to
co-ordinate the services required to ensure the
well-being and continued growth of the
handicapped person in the community.
The Ministry of Human Resources funds the
operation of the Society and has continued to
support the Society in the placement of
developmentally disabled persons in the
community. Additional funds were made
available to enable the Society to establish a
pilot project to demonstrate that adult residents
Human Resources
of Woodlands with a variety of handicapping
conditions have the potential to live
independently, and can be accommodated
successfully in the community.
Funding for 1978 totalled $238,523.00.
Program Cost-Sharing
Costs are not shared with the Federal
Government at this time but possibilities for this
are being explored.
Program Objective
The objective of the Bus Pass Program is to aid
and encourage mobility among low-income senior
citizens and handicapped persons.
Bus passes are issued semi-annually for the
period December 1 to May 31 and June 1 to
November 30. The cost is $5 for all or part of each
six-month period and permits travel without
payment of fares on all B.C. Hydro urban service
vehicles in Victoria and Greater Vancouver.
Bus passes are issued to:
(a) residents of British Columbia, 65 years or over,
who are in receipt of the Federal Guaranteed
Income Supplement and/or GAIN for Seniors;
(b) residents of British Columbia, 60 to 64 years of
age, who are in receipt of GAIN Age Benefits;
(c) residents of British Columbia under 60 years of
age who are in receipt of GAIN Handicapped
Persons Income Assistance.
The number of passes issued between June 1,
1978 and December 31, 1978, was 31,828.
Approximately 3,000 first-time applicants are
processed each issue. It is anticipated that the
program will continue to grow at its present
steady rate.
The following table shows the number of passes
issued in the last 10 issuing periods.
Program Cost-Sharing
Administrative costs of this program are borne by
the Ministry of Human Resources. All revenue
occurring as a result of the $5 charge is remitted to
B.C. Hydro. The Federal Government does not
participate in this program.
Table 24 Number of B.C. Hydro Bus Passes
December 1978 32,100
June 1978  31,828
December 1977 29,765
June 1977   30,443
December 1976 29,543
June 1976   28,718
December 1975 27,970
June 1975   26,685
December 1974  25,428
June 1974   23,000
 Section VI
Residential Services for the Handicapped   . ... 77
Woodlands    78
Tranquille   79
Glendale    79
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
In line with the United Nations Declaration on
Human Rights of the Mentally Retarded, the
Ministry is committed to the normalization of the
lives of the handicapped to the fullest extent
Family Homes (1 and 2 bed unlicensed)
These small proprietary homes for adults most
closely approximate Foster homes for children. One
group of such homes in the Fraser Valley are given
additional support services from a non-profit
Society funded by the Ministry of Human
Group Homes
Homes with a capacity of 6 to 12 beds
administered under the auspices of non-profit
Societies continue to be the ones the Ministry is
most concerned about developing. One such home
for ten persons was opened in Grand Forks during
the year. Bevan Lodge in Courtenay was phased out
during the year and replaced by seven group homes
distributed between Campbell River and Nanaimo.
Two more group homes were brought on line in the
Capital Region and capital grants have been issued
to create new group homes in Williams Lake,
Prince George and Dawson Creek.
Short Stay Hostels
Many parents who can keep their handicapped
children at home still need respite from time to time.
The period of high demand for this service is, of
course, the summer holiday months. The Ministry
has funded local associations for the mentally
retarded who operate hostels for July and August
only. In a number of cases, group homes are
maintained with one or two beds used for
emergencies or parent relief. Five short stay hostels
with a total of 45 beds are in regular demand on a
year round basis.
Training Centres
The four community-based training centres are
now stressing a drive to bring as many as possible of
their residents to a point where they can move into a
semi-independent or independent living situation.
After several years of self-care training, work-skills
training, as well as recreational skills, it has been
found necessary for the Ministry to fund some
community workers to provide a graduated system
of in-home support for those persons moving out of
the training centres to live on their own.
The four training centres are:
Endicott Centre, Creston  62
Northern Training Centre, Smithers   29
Beaver Lodge, Oliver   32
Variety Farm, Ladner  44
Boarding-Home Care
When the Ministry of Health Long Term Care
Program came into being on January 1st, 1978, the
Ministry of Human Resources continued to fund
those homes caring for mentally retarded adults.
Supervision of these homes is jointly undertaken
with the Mental Health Boarding-Home Staff.
There are approximately 160 boarding-homes in the
Province, ranging in capacity from 3 to 75 where
most residents have been assessed as mentally
retarded, and requiring either personal care or
intermediate care. This part of the total program
serves some 3,600 retarded persons.
Institutional Care
There are three institutions within the Province
established for residential care of the mentally
retarded. These institutions are Glendale Lodge in
Victoria, Tranquille near Kamloops, and
Woodlands in New Westminster. Reports on these
three institutions follow.
Human Resources
Program Objective
The objective of the Woodlands program is to
provide assessment, planning, training and
residential services for mentally retarded children
and adults, primarily from the lower mainland area
of the province.
Woodlands provides service in the following
1) Through an inter-disciplinary approach,
addressing needs, developing suitable
programs and caring for the children and
adults in residence.
2) Through a similar inter-disciplinary approach
in the Assessment and Resource Centre,
assessing and helping to develop life-long
plans for retarded persons living in the
3) Helping to develop supportive community
programs to meet the plans outlined by the
Assessment and Resource Centre, or for those
persons who have previously been in
residence at Woodlands.
4) Encouraging community development of
appropriate resources and services for retarded
as alternatives to placement at Woodlands.
5) Helping to create within society a
constructive, accepting and helpful attitude
toward the retarded.
1978 has been a special year for Woodlands as it
celebrated its Centennial, and saw the introduction
of additional innovative programs. It shared in the
unique recognition paid to Dr. Bluma Tischler,
Medical Director, by the American Association on
Mentally Deficiency at its Annual Meeting in
Denver, and again by the Legislature of British
Columbia on May 8th, 1978, when the Honourable
W.R. Bennett declared a scholarship in
Bio-chemical Genetics established in the name of
Dr. Tischler.
During the year, two in-service resource teams
were established to provide training, behavioural
management and educational programming for
inter-disciplinary staff, volunteers and parents so as
to help children and adolescents who show
autistic-like behaviours. The Provincial Inservice
Resource Team has been setting up programs in the
Peace River District and in Port Alberni as well as
closer communities. The Woodlands team has
worked primarily with one ward, but is now
expanding to other areas of the institution.
The Academic School has added six new
programs. They have been able to increase
enrolment from 181 in 1977 to 224 pupils in 1978.
Emphasis this next year will be on an increased
programming for adults.
Home Management has continued to provide a
well recognized preventive service. Limited
follow-up by Woodlands staff for previous
residents now living in community has played a part
in an increasing acceptance and constructive
planning for retarded persons.
The present population of Woodlands (880 as of
December 31st, 1978), has certain characteristics
which indicated trends for the future, namely:
a) Adult population 660; children and adolescents,
The percentage of children and adolescents is
dropping due to decreased admission rate of
children (a reflection of changed attitudes of
society and increased resources in the
community), and to the general maturing of
present population of Woodlands. Of the 220
persons under 19 years of age, 60% are between
15 and 18 years.
b) A polarization of the intellectual level of the
resident population is expected. The severe
and profoundly retarded comprise the major
part of the population, but there are also
seems to be an increased demand for service
for adolescents and young adults who are
midly retarded but who have major
behavioural problems. Most community
placements have been possible only for those
persons who did not present serious problems,
hence the present residents pose a major
challenge to the staff to develop creative
programs that will meet their needs.
Resident population as at                       1977 1978
December31st  906 880
Admissions, 12 months      52 46
Discharges   110 81
Deaths, 12 months      16 8
Staff establishment as at
December31st  999 1022
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Program Objective
The objective of the residential program located
at Tranquille is to provide care for mentally retarded
people over the age of six, residing in the central,
northern and eastern Interior of British Columbia,
requiring levels of care not normally available in
their community.
Resident services are provided only for very
seriously retarded persons who could not normally
be cared for in their own homes or community.
Tranquille services and levels of care include:
(1) residental care - to provide complete care and
rehabilitative services, where possible, to 80
severely physically handicapped and mentally
retarded persons;
(2) Paediatrics - to provide complete care and
training, where possible, to 100 severely
retarded young people between 4 and 19 years of
age (these persons are housed in the newly
opened 100-bed Stsmemelt Village at
(3) moderately retarded - to provide care and
training in life skills for 48 mentally retarded
adults and, where possible, to prepare the
residents for placement in a community
(4) severely retarded - to provide care and training
in life skills for 56 mentally retarded adults and,
where possible, prepare them for placement in a
community boarding-home;
(5) profoundly retarded - to provide complete care,
and where possible, rehabilitation services for
112 profoundly retarded adults.
Statistical information on Tranquille follows:
1977 1978
Resident population as
atDecember31   376   380
Admissions, 12 months     45     39
Discharges      55     32
Program Objective
The objective of the Glendale Lodge Society is to
provide residential, assessment, and training
services to the handicapped and mentally retarded
specifically from the Vancouver Island and Gulf
Islands area.
Glendale Lodge Society was established to
(1) 300 beds for the care and development of
severely and profoundly retarded persons on a
long-term basis;
(2) 20 beds for retarded on a short-term basis (i.e.,
one week to three months), to provide parent
relief, parent vacation, parent respite in family
illness or emergency, behaviour shaping to
facilitate individual accommodation in own
home or a community resource;
(3) short-term training for the severely handicapped
(4) comprehensive assessment service for
handicapped individuals where there is an
indication of retardation or of severe
communication problems. This service also
includes a travelling clinical team which covers
the major centres in the geographical area
served, quarterly or oftener if requested by
professional people in the area. This team
operates in conjunction with Health, Human
Resources, and Education and also provides
training programs for teachers in schools, parent
counselling in general, and advice and guidance
to parents who wish to keep the child in his own
(5) a screening assessment for those with impaired
hearing in conjunction with the Ministry of
Health and other professional groups interested
in hearing programs;
(6) a 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. day care program, five days
per week, for the physically handicapped and
mentally retarded of the Greater Victoria area
who are residing at home;
(7) dental services to retarded in the Greater
Victoria area.
It is also in the process of establishing a
regional pharmacy in co-operation with the
Ministry of Health and their Directors of
Government Institutions, and Ministry of
Human Resources.
 L80 Human Resources
At the request of the Ministry, the Society put
into operation three group homes on property
owned by the Ministry on Blenkinsop Road,
formerly known as 'Sevenoaks'. Some 25
severely retarded residents are accommodated
there with the intent that they will receive
further training in preparation for return to more
normal placement in the greater community.
The operation of these group homes was also
influenced by Ministry's desire to co-operate with
the Ministry of Health in relocating a number of
physically handicapped retarded persons who were
accommodated on the Fifth Floor of the Eric Martin
Institute. The opening of the group homes enabled
us to transfer 25 residents from the Fifth Floor at
EMI to Glendale.
The Glendale Lodge Society is operated under
the Societies Act by a Board of Directors appointed
by Order in Council.
For program planning purposes, Glendale relates
to the Ministry of Human Resources in the same
manner as Woodlands and Tranquille.
Resident population as at
December 31    331
Admissions, 12 months ..   152
Discharges    146
Days of Respite Care 	
 Section VII
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
The Ministry of Human Resources administers
the following legislation:
1. Ministry of Human Resources Act (R. S. B. C.
I960, chapter 111, as amended) - This Act
establishes the Ministry of Human Resources as
having jurisdication over all matters relating to
social and public welfare and income assistance.
2. Guaranteed Available Income for Need Act
(S.B.C. 1976, chapter 19) and Guaranteed
Available Income for Need Regulations (B.C. Reg.
479/76, and amendments) - This Act and
regulations provide a guaranteed minimum income
to the handicapped, all residents 60 years of age and
over, and financial assistance and several social
services that are essential for individuals and
families who are unable to maintain themselves by
their own efforts. The social services include day
care, homemaker services, residential care,
counselling and rehabilitation services.
3. Adoption Act (R.S.B.C. 1960, chapter 4, as
amended) - The purpose of this Act is to provide the
same rights and privileges for adopted children as
those of children born to both parents in a family.
4. Children of Unmarried Parents Act (R.S.B.C.
1960, chapter 52, as amended) - This Act is to
ensure that the interests of the mother and her child
born out of wedlock are protected.
5. Protection of Children Act (R. S. B. C. 1960,
chapter 303, as amended) - The purpose of this Act
is to provide protection and care for children who
are neglected, abused, abandoned, or without
proper supervision or guardianship.
6. Human Resources Facilities Development Act
(S.B.C. 1974, chapter 39) and Human Resources
Facilities Development Act Regulations (B.C. Reg.
586/76) - The purpose of this Act and regulations is
to authorize Provincial grants to municipalities,
societies, and community resource boards, for the
development of residential facilities or centres for
children, disabled persons, and senior citizens.
7. Community Resource Boards Act. (S.B.C.
1974, chapter 18) - This Act permits the
Government to initiate local community resource
boards and Human Resources and Health Centres
where the Provincial income assistance programs,
social services, and health services may be
administered on a local community basis.
8. Social Workers (Registration) Act (S.B.C.
1968, chapter 51) - This Act permits the
Government to establish a Board of Registration for
social workers.
  Section VIM
ADDENDUM, 1977-78
  Report of the Ministry, 1978
Table 25 Proportion of Total Gross Welfare Expenditures
Administration and Community Services	
Services for Families and Children	
Services for Seniors and Handicapped 	
Health Services	
Community Programs	
Income Assistance   	
Special Programs for the Retarded
(includes Woodlands, Tranquille and Glendale) .
Municipal Share of Costs  	
Federal Provincial Cost-Sharing:
Canada Assistance Plan   	
Department of Indian Affairs  	
Per Cent
Per Cent
Table 26 Number of Cases by Category Service) as at March 31,1977 and 1978
Income assistance                                             "77      1978 1977      1978 1977      1978 1977      1978 1977      1978
Singleperson         8928  10818 4895 3611 1234    1457 1261     1170
Couple          566     741 303 256 163      242 111        92
Two-parent family          775      757 231 190 366     422 279     271
One-parent family      3900    4093 1002 1095 1470    1593 1010    1013
Child with relative           189     219 70 39 161       162 133      137
Total      14358  16628 6501 5191 3394    3896 2794    2683
REGION 5- REGION 6- REGION 7 -                          REGION 8 -                          REGION 9-
PRINCE GEORGE FRASER PRINCE RUPERT/               NORTH & SOUTH                    Kamloops
Income Assistance              1977            1978 1977            1978 1977            1978           1977
Singleperson        1602          1707 2442         2343 470           466           449
Couple          265            208 179           229 45             68             46
Two-parent family   ..      591            535 552           663 186            171
One-parent family .. .    1601          1784 1747         2041 541           519
Child with relative   ..      202            175 162            143 95           227
Total       4261          4409 5082         5419 1337          1451
Income Assistance                                                 ^           w ><"7
Single person        2391          2342 3353         3463
Couple          244           279 242           250
Two-parent family          661            613 442            440
One-parent family     2160         2032 1968         2082
Child with relative          267           240 133            117
Total       5723         5506 6138         6352
Income Assistance             l977            >978 1977            1978 l977            l978
Singleperson         970          1614 1462 850
Couple           73            164 122 60
Two-parent family   ..     123           293 252 84
One-parent family          694         1786 1436 560
Child with relative   ..40            102 74 36
Total      1900         3959 3346 1590
'SOURCE: Caseload Report Form W2
Human Resources
Table 27 Selected Expenditures for Income Assistance, 1977-78
Basic Income Assistance     157,479,474
Repatriation and Transportation 800,796
Homemaker Services    7,710,403
Hospitalization of Income Assistance Recipients    51,635
Total    166,042,308
Table 28 Average Monthly Number Receiving Income Assistance During 1976/77
and 1977/78
1976/77 1977/78
  28,413 29,536
  23,809 24,592
  52,222 54,128
  60,715 59,811
Heads of families 	
Single persons   	
Total caseload (average)
Average monthly total  .
Table 29 Number of Family Service Cases Not in Receipt of Financial Assistance From the
Ministry of Human Resources
March 31, 1977
REGION Family Service Unmarried March 31,1978
Cases                                Mothers TOTAL TOTAL
3               414                            21 441 408
4                276                             23 299 392
5                 333                              17 350 378
6                  211                               24 235 270
7                 285                             23 308 373
8                   86                               5 91 112
9                  161                              23 184 230
10                356                             41 397 421
11                 659                            106 765 716
12                 715                            167 882 729
13           ** 507                             82 589 609
14    ** 708           195 903 808
Vancouver....  **2769 2769 4719
TOTAL           7545 8213 10165
^Vancouver statistics includes unmarried mothers cases.
NOTE: Henceforth, unmarried mothers statistics will be reported with the Family Cases statistics.
**Figures given differ from the ones originally given at end of March, 1977. They have been corrected to
reflect changes of boundaries in the regions concerned as of April 1, 1977.
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Table 30 Gross Costs of Medical Services for Fiscal Years 1968-69 to 1977-78
Year Medical Drugs' Dental Oplieal porta- Other Total
$ sssssss
1968-69       1,403,378       2,423,798 792,475 140,591 212,550 53,571 5,026,363
1969-70           465,738        2,444,968        1,611,115 219,858 252,999 72,862 5,067,540
1970-71           591,206       3,102,874      2,491,589        282,272 326,166 121,892 6,915,999
1971-72          614,365       3,334,159      2,403,257        290,116 342,712 165,980 7,150,589
1972-73           677,194       3,626,268       2,429,538        304,695 367,888 264,700 7,670,283
1973-74          634,136       6,461,4002     2,655,573        322,489 419,451 328,510 10,821,559
1974-75           754,422      17,303,8923     2,380,266        409,213 387,554 257,808 21,493,154
1975-76     1,099,479     23,642,3473     4,209,007        486,080 374,850 310,623 30,122,386
1976-77        1,008,073     26,716,8863     5,487,320        644,315 438,963 524,832 34,820,389
1977-78        1,378,781      30,129,270      6,033,887        790,638 588,942 784,326 39,705,844
'Included in these figures is the cost of drugs purchased by the dispensary for welfare institutions.
includes drug costs incurred in the Pharmacare Program in the last three months of the fiscal year 1973-74. (Pharmacare Program
commenced January 1, 1974)
'Includes costs under the Pharmacare Program as well as drugs purchased by the dispensary for welfare institutions.
Table 31 Cost of Children's Programs 1977-78
The cost to Provincial Government of maintaining children's programs for the fiscal year was
Gross cost of maintenance of children in Family and Children's Services Division:
Foster homes  $11,822,907
Other Residential
Resources    $17,279,028
Receiving Special Services  $4,857,279	
Gross cost to Provincial Government of maintenance of
children in care of Vancouver Resources Board* 	
Gross cost of transportation of children in care of
Gross cost of hospitalization of new-born infants being
permanently planned for by Superintendent 	
Gross Expenditures 	
Less: Collections	
Net Cost to Provincial Government as per
Public Accounts   	
as follows:
*up to December 31, 1977. Thereafter Regions I, 2, 16 & 17 costs are shown inFamily & Children's
Services Division figures.
Human Resources
Table 32 Number of Children in Care and Legal Responsibility of Superintendent of
Child Welfare, by Legal Status, by Regions, as at March 31,1978
Region I    	
Region 2   	
Region 3    	
Region 4   	
Region 5    	
Region 6   	
Region 7   	
Region 8    	
Region 9   	
Region 10   	
Region l I    	
Region 12    	
Region 13    	
Region 14   	
Region 16   	
Region 17   	
Other Supervising
Wards Supervised
by Another Province
Superintendent of
Child Welfare   	
P.C.A. Wards
Perma-                    Other
109                 111
117                  120
218                  170
132                  109
251                  165
256                 238
131                   86
91                   82
254                  185
309                 221
347                  189
293                 256
141                  127
193                  181
167                  152
78                   73
19                   26
-      .
122                   79
Table 33 Number of Children in Care and Legal Responsibility of Superintendent of
Child Welfare, by Type of Care as at March 31,1978
Supervised by:
Type of Care Regions 3-14    Regions 1,2, TOTAL
Paid Foster-home care    4,928 996 5,924
Boarding home, Child
Maintains Self   183 20 203
Free home and free relatives'
(orparents) home 715 123 838
Adoption Home  344 37 381
Resources*   1,338 219 1,557
A.W.O.L 154 24 178
TOTALS    7,662 1,419 9,081
*This covers a wide variety of placements ranging from subsidized receiving homes to Federal
 Report of the Ministry, 1978
Table 34 Children in Care and Legal Responsibility of Superintendent of Child Welfare by
Age-group at March 31,1978
Regions3-14        Regions 1,2
16& 17
Under 3 years    451 164
3-5 years inclusive 455 147
6-11 years inclusive 1,842 306
12-14 years inclusive   2,680 377
16-17 years inclusive   1,616 307
18 years   618 118
TOTALS    7,662 1,419
Table 35 Number of Children Placed for Adoption by the Ministry of Human Resources for
Fiscal Years 1976-77 and 1977-78
1976-77 1977-78
Regions 3-14          791 594
Regions 1,2, 16 & 17   74 60
TOTALS   865 654
Human Resources
The following tables are available, on request,
from Information Services, Ministry of Human
Resources, Victoria:
Table 36 — Number of Family Services
Cases (Not in Receipt of Financial
Assistance from the Ministry of Human
Resources) Served by the Ministry of Human
Resources During Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 37 — Number of Children Born Out of
Wedlock in British Columbia, by Age-group
of Mother, During Fiscal Years 1976/77 and
Table 38 — Number of Children in Care of
Superintendent of Child Welfare During and
at End of Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 39 — Number of Children Admitted to
Care of Superintendent of Child Welfare, by
Legal Status, During Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 40 — Reasons for New Admissions of
Children to Care of Superintendent of Child
Welfare During Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 41 — Number of Children Discharged
From Care of Superintendent of Child
Welfare, by Legal Status During Fiscal Year
Table 42 — Reasons for Discharge of
Children in Care of Superintendent of Child
Welfare for Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 43 — Children Who Are Legal
Responsibility of Superintendent of Child
Welfare Receiving Institutional Care as at
March 31,1978.
Table 44 — Number of Adoption Placements
Made by Ministry of Human Resources, by
Type of Placement, for Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 45 — Number of Adoption Homes
Avaiting Placement, in Which Placement
Made, and Homes Closed for Fiscal Year
Table 46 — Number of Adoption Placements
Made by Ministry of Human Resources, by
Religion of Adopting Parents, for Fiscal Year
Table 47 — Ages of Children Placed for
Adoption by Ministry of Human Resources
During Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 48 — Number of Children With
Special Needs Placed for Adoption by
Ministry of Human Resources During Fiscal
Year 1977/78.
Table 49 — Number of Legally Completed
Adoptions, by Type of Placement, During
Fiscal Year 1977/78.
Table 50 — Number of Children Placed for
Adoption by the Ministry of Human
Resources for Fiscal Years 1976/77 and
Table 51 — Total Number of Persons
Eligible for Health Care as at December 31,
1968 to 1978.
Table 52 — Payments to British Columbia
Medical Plan and Doctors (Gross Costs),
1968/69 to 1977/78.
Table 53
Dental Expenses, 1968/69 to


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items