BC Sessional Papers

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR 1977 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1978

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 ISSN 0382-196X
ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
FIRE
MARSHAL
FOR
1977
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Hon. Garde B. Gardom, Q.C.
Attorney-General of British Columbia
Henry K. Jenns
Fire Marshal of British Columbia
MINISTRY OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL
  To Colonel the Honourable Walter S. Owen, Q.C., LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor oj the Province of British Columbia
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Fifty-sixth Annual Report of the
Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31, 1977.
GARDE B. GARDOM, Q.C.
A ttorney-General
Victoria, B.C.
  TABLE OF CONTENTS
P.GE
.    7
Summary of Fire Losses in 1977	
Fire Losses in Municipalities and Fire Districts     9
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires  11
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications  16
Fire Losses of $250,000 and Over  17
Causes of Fire Resulting in Death  18
Fire Casualties by Month  18
Fire Casualties by Day of Week  18
Fire Casualties by Age  18
Circumstances Contributing to Fire Casualties  19
Fire Crime Statistics  20
Inspections and Orders by Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal  21
10-year Property Fire Loss Comparison 23
Charts—
Number of Fires.
Fires per Capita..
Annual Dollar Loss-
Dollar Loss per Fire_.
Per Capita Loss	
Fire Fatalities	
24
24
25
26
27
28
  SUMMARY OF FIRE LOSSES IN 1977
A total of 94 persons died and 376 were injured as a result of 7,523 fires in
1977, causing a total dollar loss of $78,746,492. In 1976, 7,433 fires resulted
in a loss of over $77.6 million and 110 persons dead.
The average loss per fire for the Province in 1977 was $10,467. The per
capita loss was $31.53, the per capita loss adjusted by the Consumer Price Index
(Vancouver) was $19.49, as compared to $20.83 in 1976. There were 3.01 fires
for every 1,000 persons in British Columbia. It is interesting to note that the
number of fires per person in the Province has been steadily decreasing over the
last 40 years.
Fire Fatalities
Fire-related deaths in 1977 were, in fact, the lowest in the last eight years.
One third of 1977's fire fatalities can be attributed to careless use of smoking
materials. Impairment by liquor played a significant role in many of the smoking-
related fire deaths.
Ten persons died from fires caused by misuse or accidental spills of flammable
liquids. Seven deaths resulted from incendiary fires. Five persons died when their
clothing accidentally caught on fire. There were three cases of suicide by fire
in 1977.   Thirty-one persons who died from fire were asleep at the time of fire.
Residential Fires
Almost 30 per cent of fires were in one- and two-family dwellings causing a
total loss of $21.2 million. Another 8 per cent of fires were in apartment buildings,
causing a loss of almost $3.3 million. The above two residential categories thus
accounted for 38 per cent of fires and 31 per cent of the total fire losses in British
Columbia.
75 per cent of fire fatalities occurred in residential occupancies.
Automobile Fires
Automobile fires accounted for almost 20 per cent of the fires in 1977.
School Fires
Fire losses in educational institutions went down dramatically to $2.5 million
from almost $10 million in 1976 and $6 million in 1975, while the number of
incidents remained almost the same.
Fire Crimes
A total of 1,741 or 23 per cent of the 7,523 fires were deliberately set, causing
a loss of $21.9 million. There were 343 set fires from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., whereas
from 4 p.m. to midnight, there were 697, and from midnight to 8 a.m., there were
701 incidents.   The rate more than doubles after dark.
Large Loss Fires
There were 41 fires in which losses exceeded $250,000. These 41 fires,
which constitute only about one-half per cent of total fires, were responsible for
37 per cent of the Province's annual dollar losses. Included in this large-loss
category were 14 incendiary fires causing 16 per cent of the total loss.
7
 O 8 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Time
The 4 p.m. to midnight period accounted for 45 per cent of fires, the 8 a.m.
to 4 p.m. period accounted for 31 per cent, and the last period from midnight to
8 a.m. is the one with the least fires, but a fire occurring in that period is likely to
do the most harm. Last year, although this period accounted for only 25 per cent
of the fires, those fires caused 44 per cent of the dollar loss and 44 per cent of the
fire deaths.
HENRY K. JENNS
Fire Marshal
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1977
Fire Losses in Municipalities and Fire Districts, 1977
O 9
City Municipalities
Incidents
Loss     Injured Dead
Incidents
Loss     Ii
$
75,372
ljured Dead
Armstrong	
2
25,350
Nelson
...       16
Burnaby ..	
      363
2,156,774
29
i"
North Vancouver
Chilliwack    ..
..      21
161,569
1
	
City
...      96
583,347
5
1
Courtenay	
25
64,294
	
l
New Westminster
..     166
470,012
7
	
Cranbrook ...
23
1,121,611
1
 .
Port Alberni	
85
487,542
3
1
Dawson Creek _
36
413,870
3
l
Port Coquitlam 	
29
702,513
4
	
Duncan
16
70,132
	
Penticton
70
869,753
17
	
Enderby	
         3
42,048
	
	
Prince George	
...     279
1,313,900
2
3
7
52,800
22
397,089
1
1
Grand Forks .  _
5
31,780
.
Prince Rupert	
__      37
499,202
8
Greenwood
1
45,000
	
2
Revelstoke
13
60,547
	
Fort St. John .....
38
946,659
	
	
Rossland
13
86,028
	
	
Kamloops  -
. ...     128
1,699,470
8
2
TraU	
41
421,061
—
Kelowna  	
       38
1,142,048
	
1
Vancouver
1,842
7,391,193
83
11
12
107,550
V«rnon
_      47
1,052,211
1
49
106,781
6
..    230
5,625,083
?4
2
Nanaimo 	
      152
3,210,397
9
3
White Rock 	
7
41,214
District Municipalities
Abbotsford-Sumas ...
Campbell River	
Central Saanich 	
Chilliwhack 	
Coldstream    -
Coquitlam 	
Delta   _..
Esquimalt 	
Houston 	
Kent  	
Kitimat	
Langley	
Mackenzie 	
Mission 	
Maple Ridge
Matsqui
North Cowichan
North Saanich _
Incidents Loss    Injured Dead
$
40 73,194         	
35 522,083        1     	
16 63,874        1	
70 575,766       4         1
11 129,619	
124 784,352
149 1,208,698
33 37,835
4 62,500
8 103,062
67 135,824
87 849,022
18 77,165
43 625,607
84 1,013,280
93 802,103
38 437,127
8 75,926
2
23
13
11
1
4
1
North Vancouver	
Oak Bay	
Peachland 	
Port Hardy	
Pitt Meadows 	
Powell River	
Richmond	
Saanich 	
Sparwood  	
Summerland	
Salmon Arm	
Spallumcheen	
Squamish	
Stewart 	
Surrey 	
Terrace 	
Whistler	
West Vancouver
Incidents Loss    Injured Dead
$
186 4,541,440     19     	
23 80,806 1         1
3 41,000	
9 779,847	
8 135,460         	
25 76,729	
200 2,187,091     22     	
144 460,224       4     	
18 1,030         	
11 228,423          _..-
35 317,225        1	
2 32,003	
30 104,111          	
1 200   ...-     	
311 2,300,938      10	
39 281,170        1     	
4 250,450 1 2
159 615,383        5     	
Fire Districts
Cariboo County	
Colwood 	
Kootenay County __
Langford  	
Nanaimo County .	
Ocean Falls	
Prince Rupert County
Incidents Loss     Injured Dead
$
362 7,231,737 13        11
18 5,957	
113 2,107,812       4	
16 66,047        1      	
159 2,495,786 7        11
6 18,882	
95 2,046,911    .          5
Incidents
Sooke    5
University Area  18
Vancouver County _ 45
Victoria County  49
View Royal  5
Westminster County 66
Yale County   232
Loss    Injured Dead
$
50,036	
224,320         	
232,693      1
141,625 1         2
17,600        1     	
1,092,668 1          1
2,226,002 3         2
Town Municipalities
Incidents
         2
8
4
         7
2
         7
Loss    Injured Dead
$
12,165         	
6,640         	
171,000
167,504         	
26,500              1
97,564       2	
Ladysmith
Incidents
9
Loss    Injured Dead
$
54,569
Comox	
Creston
Merritt 	
Quesnel .
Sidney 	
       13
18
         8
135,598         	
157,024	
97,769     --     	
Hope — 	
Kinnaird 	
Smithers
Williams Lake -
4
        10
121,882         	
448,337       2         1
 O 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Losses in Municipalities and Fire Districts, 1977—Continued
Village Municipalities
Incidents
Loss    Injured Dead
$
Incidents       Loss    Injured Dead
Alert Bay _ 	
Ashcroft          9 621,920
Burns Lake          7 143,925
Cache Creek _         1 20,000
Chase           1 28,564
Clinton           1 4,208
Cumberland ..  _        6 58,400
Eikford   	
Fraser Lake          1 1,374
Fort Nelson ._       23 5,211,417
Fruitvale          2 5,600
Gibsons Landing —.        3 5,300
Gold River ,	
Hazleton         1 4,000
Harrison Hot Springs       4 35,970
100 Mile House          7 78,532
Invermere          1 10,000
Kaslo           	
Keremeos          4 36,909
Lions Bay           3 58,648
Lake Cowichan         2 1,200
Lillooet          3 316,000
Logan Lake        16 23,298
Lumby          10 99,377
Lytton          1 110,440
Masset             5 2,221
McBride ._        	
Midway _        11
Montrose  _        1
New Denver          3
Oliver — —
Osoyoos _         2
Parksville         11
Pouce Coupe 	
Port Edward          6
Pemberton            1
Village of Port
Clements           2
Port McNeill	
Port Alice         8
Princeton         4
Qualicum Beach         6
Salmo          1
Sechelt	
Fort St. James	
Tahsis 	
Telkwa _         1
Tofino          1
Taylor            5
Valemount          5
Vanderhoof  _        4
Warfleld         11
Zeballos  -	
110,716   	
400 	
7,325   	
1,240    	
27,139 1
73,500   	
2,200    	
76,000 --
43,537	
72,200   	
25,781 _.-..
9,000   	
200,000   	
800 _.....
40,300   	
146,004 --
72,000   -	
21,652    	
Provincial Totals
Incidents       Loss    Injured Dead
$
Provincial totals   7,523     78,746,492   376       94
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1977
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11977
O 11
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Day of week-
Sunday—
Monday-
Tuesday-
Wednesday..
Thursday	
Friday	
Saturday	
Unknown.—.
Totals-
General construction—
Combustable, fire-resistance rating-
Less than % hour	
% hour or greater-
Heavy timber construction..
Noncombustable fire-resistance rating—
Less than 1 hour  	
1 hour or greater-
General construction—unclassified	
Unknown or not applicable	
Totals   	
Building height—
1-storey 	
2-storey	
3-storey-
4- to 6-storey  	
7- to 10-storey 	
11- to 20-storey	
21 and more storeys	
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals 	
Year of Construction—
Before 1900	
1900 to 1920	
1921 to 1940	
1941 to 1960	
1961 to 1980  	
Unknown or not applicable .
Totals 	
Interior fire protection—
Extinguishers, standpipe system, and manual alarm..
Extinguishers and standpipe system...
Extinguishers and manual alarm system-
Extinguishers
Standpipe system and manual alarm system.
Standpipe System-
Manual fire alarm system-
Manual fire protection facilities—unclassified-
Unknown or not applicable  	
Totals 	
1,034
973
966
959
1,041
1,093
1,215
242
7,523
2,306
1,272
438
188
51
54
16
3,198
7,523
25
182
817
989
2,102
3,408
7,523      |
13.7
12.9
12.8
12.7
13.8
14.5
16.1
3.2
11,789,970
11,834,495
8,071,589
10,404,258
9,553,688
10,480,131
15,768,719
843,642
100.0        | 78,746,492 |
30.6
16.9
5.8
2.4
.6
.7
.2
42.5
28,581,027
21,618,592
11,146,829
1,839,629
68,786
534,391
120,591
14,836,647
100.0        | 78,746,492
1,466,728
6,121,401
8,945,339
15,228,123
30,893,903
16,090,998
100.0
7,075,003
9,436,951
5,335,462
15,662,958
359,252
185,530
1,391,408
2,213,191
37,086,737
14.9
15.0
10.2
13.2
12.1
13.3
20.0
1.0
100.0
7,523      |        100.0        | 78,746,492 |        100.0
36.2
27.4
14.1
2.3
.6
.1
18.8
100.0
1.8
7.7
11.3
19.3
39.2
20.4
| 78,746,492 |        100.0
8.9
11.9
6.7
19.8
.4
.2
1.7
2.8
47.0
7,523 100.0        | 78,746,492 | 100.0
Last inspected—
173
174
269
576
179
69
24
87
3,783
2,189
2.2
2.3
3.5
7.6
2.3
.9
.3
1.1
50.2
29.0
2,684,588
2,928,244
9,498,329
10,422,060
9,526,381
1,144,984
527,554
1,995,579
24,842,620
15,176,153
3.4
31 to 60 days	
3.7
61 to 90 days_	
12.0
91 to 180 days _	
13.2
6 to 12 months	
12.0
13 to 7.4 months
1.4
25 to 36 months   	
.6
2.5
31.5
19.2
Totals          	
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page  16—
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 O 12                                                    BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11977—Continued
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Sprinkler protection—
Complete—
43
11
125
31
35
119
13
1,739
47
5,360
.5
.1
1.6
.4
.4
1.5
.1
23.1
.6
71.2
$
5,055,450
524,135
330,291
226,272
289,479
261,188
128,190
40,789,086
401,579
30,740,822
6.4
.6
.4
.2
.3
.3
.1
51.7
.5
39.0
Partial-
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Automatic fire detection system—
Complete—
Heat-
Alarm to fire department or central station——
48
91
8
17
49
248
31
219
119
6,693
.6
1.2
.1
.2
.6
3.2
.4
2.9
1.5
88.9
3,783,719
893,362
2,602,827
19,098
135,571
1,937,844
165,835
1,618,268
1,704,979
65,884,989
4.8
1.1
3.3
.1
2.4
.2
2.0
2.1
83.6
Combustion or smoke—
Alarm to fire department or central station	
Partial-
Heat—
Alarm to fire department or central station-
Combustion or smoke—
Alarm to fire department or central station	
Totpla
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Outside fire protection—
4,238
5
397
68
28
38
288
169
2,292
56.3
~~5.2
.9
.3
.5
3.8
2.2
30.4
41,179,079
214,180
13,675,241
4,103,943
1,525,988
580,056
6,139,301
2,087,629
9,241,075
52.2
.2
17.3
5.2
1.9
.7
7.7
2.6
11.7
Totals
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Water supply flow—
416
127
141
524
436
981
378
1,377
49
3,094
5.5
1.6
1.8
6.9
5.7
13.0
5.0
18.3
.6
41.1
13,922,033
3,432,901
3,100,747
5,779,573
5,261,821
14,146,976
3,216,486
13,936,655
1,095,548
14,853,752
17.6
4.3
3.9
7.3
6.6
17.9
4.0
17.6
1.3
18.8
700 to 1QQ gpm
find t" 700 gpm
ROOt" 1  1QO gpm,
1 700 tn 1 5Q9 gpm
Totals
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
1 Similar information is available for groups of spe
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
;lfic proper.;
/ classification
s as listed
m page  16—
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1977
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11977—Continued
O 13
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Size of water-main—
0                      	
4
350
219
40
2,365
743
208
144
85
48
3,321
4.6
2.9
.5
31.4
9.8
2.7
1.9
1.1
.6
44.1
$
5,608,737
3,892,198
245,822
24,766,823
8,134,350
6,508,323
2,582,433
850,482
1,280,668
24,876,656
7.1
4.9
5
.3
6
31.4
8
10
10.3
8.2
17
3.2
1.0
1.6
31.5
Totals
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Fire service—
2,816
1,085
1,555
4
36
11
11
299
48
1,658
37.4
14.4
20.6
.4
.1
.1
3.9
.6
22.0
24,296,822
16,069,490
24,026,712
600
78,765
161,800
195,000
6,826,133
1,516,410
5,574,760
30.8
20.4
30.5
.1
Combined police and volunteer fire-fighters          	
.2
.2
None - .          	
8.6
1.9
7.0
Totals
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Extinguishment—
1,079
106
778
3,793
28
42
7
590
830
270
14.3
1.4
10.3
50.4
.3
.5
Ti
11.0
3.5
2,687,626
991,849
1,102,481
53,124,204
2,197,215
149,433
42,860
13,839,773
3,663,406
947,645
3.4
1.2
1.4
Fire department—
Water
67.4
2.7
.1
17.5
Miscellaneous
4.6
1.2
Totals                                	
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Level of origin—
529
63
2,772
565
150
93
15
148
190
2,998
7.0
.8
36.8
7.5
1.9
1.2
.1
1.9
2.5
39.8
7,688,809
565,191
45,004,708
6,391,378
1,060,564
545,907
41,406
2,771,941
4,347,707
10,328,881
97
.7
57.1
81
1.3
4th to 12th storey, inclusive (30 to 119 feet above grade)
Over 12 storeys (120 feet and over above grade)	
.6
3.5
5.5
13.1
Totals    	
7.523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
Extent of damage—
1,163
1,000
399
479
1,459
284
46
127
2,566
15.4
13.2
5.3
6.3
19.3
3.7
.6
1.6
34.1
2,132,086
1,352,367
1,154,920
3,453,391
49,808,518
9,177,633
106,561
4,683,390
6,877,626
27
1 7
Confined to room of origin
1.4
43
Confined to building of origin— 	
63.2
116
.1
Unclassified
5.9
87
Totals
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100 0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page 16—
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 O 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11977—Continued
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Area of origin—
Means of egress 	
Assembly area—
Lounge, living-room 	
Others	
Function area—
Sleeping	
Kitchen  	
Laundry	
Others	
Storage area inside building	
Service facilities—
Chimney, flue.	
Others 	
Service and equipment area	
Structural area	
Vehicle—
Engine area  	
Fuel area	
Passenger area	
Others  	
Outside area  	
Unknown 	
Totals	
Source of ignition—
Heating equipment	
Cooking equipment  	
Smokers' material 	
Electrical distribution equipment-
Electrical appliances	
Other appliances	
Open Barnes	
Exposure	
Miscellaneous  	
Unknown	
Totals 	
Fuel or energy—
Coal, wood-
Fuel oil	
Gasoline	
Natural gas_.
Propane..
Smokers' material-
Electricity	
Lighting _ 	
Unclassified	
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals 	
Form of heat—
Spark—
Ember-
Electrical-
Static electrical .
Direct flame	
Friction heat	
Hot object, conduction or radiation  	
Spontaneous ignition (not incompatable chemicals)..
Heat from smokers' material	
Unclassified  	
Unknown or not applicable -
Totals  _	
181
566
71
699
719
83
509
744
84
65
335
458
845
254
350
548
669
343
7,523
533
566
1,019
734
327
722
1,146
261
1,966
249
7,523
1,344
190
1,085
113
203
997
1,385
6
568
1,632
7,523
241
1,117
43
1,646
73
1,289
81
861
215
1,957
7,523
2.4
7.5
.9
9.2
9.5
1.1
6.7
9.8
1.1
.8
4.4
6.0
11.2
3.3
4.6
7.2
8.8
4.5
1,507,815
5,241,107
2,563,334
5,184,965
4,952,695
615,597
14,422,234
13,672,451
1,323,953
1,166,107
10,588,155
5,864,624
2,155,030
449,854
469,460
2,901,590
4,464,189
1,203,332
100.0        | 78,746,492 |
7.0
7.5
13.5
9.7
4.3
9.5
15.2
3.4
26.1
3.3
6,986,285
2,101,485
5,089,156
7,502,611
8,792,619
1,626,747
10,859,355
3,355,312
31,397,849
1,035,073
100.0        | 78,746,492
17.8
2.5
14.4
1.5
2.6
13.2
18.4
.7.5
21.6
12,147,633
3,132,036
5,522,485
668,432
2,412,888
4,716,035
11,205,606
39,464
6,884,582
32,017,331
100.0
78,746,492
3.2
14.8
.5
21.8
.9
17.1
1.0
11.4
2.8
26.0
100.0
3,052,011
10,216,586
354,005
13,579,630
340,559
7,418,674
1,229,906
4,646,082
2,464,931
35,444,108
78,746,492
1.9
6.6
3.2
6.5
6.2
.7
18.3
17.3
1.6
1.4
13.4
7.4
2.7
.5
.5
3.6
5.6
1.5
100.0
8.8
.2.6
6.4
9.5
11.1
2.0
13.7
4.2
39.8
1.3
100.0
15.4
3.9
7.0
.8
3.0
5.9
14.2
8.7
40.6
100.0
3.8
12.9
.4
17.2
.4
9.4
1.5
5.9
3.1
45.0
100.0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page  16—
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1977
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11977—Continued
O 15
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Loss
Per Cent of
Material first ignited—
Structural components -
Furniture, furnishings -
Clothing, textiles	
Wood, paper-
Flammable liquids .
Flammable gases _.
Chemicals-
Agricultural, forestry products-
Miscellaneous  	
Totals..
Act or omission—
Incendiary.
Misuse of source of ignition.
Misuse of material ignited-
Mechanical or electrical failure-
Construction deficiency	
Misuse of equipment	
Human failing-
Vehicle accident-
Miscellaneous	
Unknown	
Totals	
1,070
1,126
294
1,070
1,474
191
107
189
2,002
7,523      |
 I
14.2
14.9
3.9
14.2
19.5
2.5
1.4
2.5
26.6
14,842,493
9,143,568
1,250,035
12,297,783
8,795,109
1,985,797
629,985
1,332,059
28,469,663
100.0
78,746,492
18.8
11.6
1.5
15.6
11.1
2.5
.8
1.6
36.1
7,523
100.0
78,746,492
100.0
1,652
21.9
21,911,159
27.8
1,180
15.6
8,280,696
10.5
441
5.8
3,124,861
3.9
1,883
25.0
14,870,830
18.8
210
2.7
2,340,576
2.9
83
1.1
525,599
.6
767
10.1
4,494,356
5.7
102
1.3
720,805
.9
968
12.8
21,633,886
27.4
237
3.1
843,724
1.0
100.0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page 16-
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 0 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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s
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1977
Fire Losses of $250,000 and Over, 1977
O 17
Date
Municipality
Occupancy
Cause
Loss
01-12_
01-28...
01-08-
01-17_
02-24-
03-21_
03-15-.
03-30-
03-25-
04-26.
04-09-
04-12...
04-26.
04-03...
05-22..
05-19-
05-08-
05-07-
05-17-
06-05-
06-29-
06-29..
C^-08
06-30-
07-29 -
07-08..
08-08-
08-13-
08-20.
08-22-
08-25...
08-21-
09-07-
09-07_
10-29.
10-03..
11-15-
11-30-
11-19-
12-20..
12-23-
Prince Rupert County-
North Vancouver	
Kamloops	
Fort Nelson...
Cranbrook	
Port Moody-
Port Hardy-
Port Hardy..
Lillooet-
Surrey-
Nanaimo County_.
Williams Lake.	
North Cowichan..-
North Vancouver-
Vernon	
Victoria	
Yale County	
West Vancouver-
Richmond	
Burnaby.	
Penticton	
Nanaimo County	
Cariboo County	
City of Fort St. John-
Cariboo County	
Westminster County-
Victoria	
Port Coquitlam..
Maple Ridge	
Vancouver-
Vancouver-
Victoria	
Nanaimo..
Nanaimo-
Victoria-
Cariboo County..
Kelowna	
Cariboo County	
Fort Nelson	
Port Alberni	
Kootenay County	
Museum   	
Senior high school	
Newspaper,   magazine,   printing
and publishing
Motel, over 20 units	
Motor-vehicle repairs	
Non self-propelled vessel	
Motor-vehicle and trailer sales	
Apartment,  over  20  units with
or without business	
Hardware store	
Hotel, year-round use ._ 	
Commercial fishing vessel	
Hotel, year-round use	
Hotel, year-round use	
Radio, radar site	
Hotel, year-round use	
Night club .
Lodge, seasonal use, in season	
Drug store
Paper and paper products	
Upholstered furniture, bedding.
Sawmill, planing-mill .
Non self-propelled vessel
Sawmill, planing-mill.
Market, grocery store	
Electric light and power generating plant 	
Elementary school	
Fibre products
Basic metal products	
Motor-vehicle manufacturing and
assembly	
Canning, preserving of fish, sea
foods  _ 	
General warehouse	
Civic, Federal or Provincial Government office	
Flammable liquid tanks	
Flammable   liquid   tanks
posure)  	
Market, grocery store .
(ex-
Sawmill, planing-mill
Dwelling,   year-round   use    (1-
family	
Rubber, rubber products	
Sawmill, planing-mill .
Motor-vehicle and trailer sales.
Sawmill, planing-mill	
Miscellaneous act or omission1.
Arson or other fires1	
Human failing1— 	
Misuse of source of ignitioni	
Torch too close	
Human failing1  	
Mischief, vandalism (no charges
laid)	
Asleep	
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Electrical short circuit	
Incendiarism2	
Incendiarism2	
Criminal offence	
Electrical short circuit-
Mechanical and electrical failure1
Criminal offence 	
Electrical short circuit	
Incendiarism2	
Mechanical and electrical failure1-
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Mechanical and electrical failure1
Miscellaneous act or omission1-.
Criminal offence	
Incendiarism2	
Arson or other fires1-
Arson or other fires1-
Miscellaneous act or omission1..
Arson or other fires1  —
Lack of maintenance-
Criminal offence	
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Criminal offence	
Mechanical and electrical failure1
Construction design or installation deficiency1	
Electrical short circuit	
Miscellaneous act or omission1	
Human failing1.
Electrical short circuit-
$
615,000
1,500,000
600,000
305,276
884,918
250,000
400,000
330,000
275,000
641,000
300,000
260,000
318,204
2,500,200
914,578
267.000
320,000
335,000
517,000
250,000
750,000
250,000
250,000
650,000
250,000
259,864
3,549,000
374,000
306,093
284,000
310,000
546,475
1,500,000
670,000
255,075
450,000
705,268
400,000
4,802,500
320,000
750,000
1 Unclassified or unknown.
2 Suspected incendiarism (no charges laid).
 O 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Causes of Fires Resulting in Death, 1977
Cause
Men
Women
Children
Total
Careless use of smoking materials -
Inflammable liquids (careless use, spills).
Arson	
Woodburning equipment (improper use or installation)
Suicide   	
Clothing accidentally catching fire-
Vehicle accident	
Oil stove.	
Children playing with matches.
Propane leak	
Electrical	
Others	
Undetermined—
Totals-
21
7
3
2
2
2
2
51
11
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
25
18
34
10
7
5
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
3
20
94
Fire Casualties by Month, 1977
Month
Injuries
Male
Female
Total
Male
Deaths
Female
Total
January—
February-
March	
April	
May	
June	
July-
August	
September-
October	
November...
December.
Totals-
9
19
26
27
33
22
26
22
23
23
29
24
283
5
14
10
29
7
33
13
40
6
39
4
26
9
35
5
27
9
32
9
32
7
36
9
33
93
376
6
3
3
5
2
2
4
3
13
7
4
10
62
32
7
5
5
7
7
3
8
3
13
9
12
15
94
Fire Casualties by Day of Week, 1977
Injured
     54
Day
Sunday 	
Monday      42
Tuesday	
Wednesday 	
Thursday 	
Friday	
Saturday 	
Totals
Dead
19
5
9
15
10
8
28
94
Fire Casualties by Age, 1977
Age
Unknown	
Under 2 years
2-10 years	
11-18 years _
19-70 years ._
Over 70 years
Injured
11
2
16
26
313
Totals   376
Dead
0
3
13
9
59
10
94
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1977
O 19
Circumstances Contributing to Fire Casualties, 1977
Deaths Injuries Deaths Injuries
Condition of casualty— Type of fabric or material ignited—
Asleep at time of fire — - 31 75                   Cotton —   12 28
Bedridden or other handicap   _    3 5                    Wool           2 4
Impairment by alcohol   12 15                   Other natural fibre     1
Impairment by drugs     1                             Rayon (viscose)    — 1
Under restraint or detention    1                   Other synthetic fibre    4 25
Too young to act    6 8                     Mixed fibres       3 7
Senile        2 _                   Rubber     1
Left unattended (children)   -   2 1                   Plastic foam     _ 2
Unclassified   15 115                   Unclassified       3 6
Unknown or not applicable  22 156                   Unknown or not applicable    69 302
Totals    _ 94 376                               Totals   _ 94 376
Action of casualty—
Injured while attempting to escape __ 10
Overexertion or heart attack    2
Volunteer entered—
Remained for rescue purpose  2
Remained for fire-fighting _   3
Remained to save property   1
Loss of judgment or panic   _ 12
Received delayed warning   10
Unclassified     24
Unknown or not applicable   30
Totals   _ 94
67
21
119
10
15
11
82
51
376
Cause of failure to escape-
Trapped—
Vertical spread of fire/smoke     9
Horizontal spread of fire/smoke  22
High flame spread—combustible interior finish  _     2
Building collapse	
Falling debris   	
Explosion
Exit blocked or obstructed by fire .
Outdoor fire	
Unclassified   	
Unknown or not applicable	
3
7
4
1
1
26
10
2
61
261
Ignition of clothing or other fabrics—
Outer clothing 	
Sleepwear
Totals
94       376
Underclothing   	
Bedding or linen _	
Mattress or pillow	
Upholstered furniture
Unclassified 	
Unknown or not applicable .
15
13
1
3
2
3
6
51
46
15
1
14
4
3
5
288
Totals
94
376
 O 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Crime Statistics, 1977
o
o
cs
g o
•p
a
u
a
*. a
SB1
o
OQ
8
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u
CJ
CO
•a
1
a
ca
s
o
H
>,
M
•3
Incendiary, suspected or known—
Provincial totals	
1,088
13
1
1
23
5
578
31
1
1,741
Time—
0001-0800 	
529
6
1
10
2
141
11
1
701
0801-1600                   	
160
5
1
4
1
161
11
343
1601-0000	
399
2
--
9
2
276
9
697
Property—
105
1
1
76
1
184
8
4
1
5
18
365
6
1
14
2
109
20
517
Office           	
13
8
1
22
Mercantile	
74
40
114
23
1
11
35
103
1
65
1
170
371
7
4
1
231
4
618
24
35
59
Incendiary method—
Unknown
530
6
7
2
261
8
814
Flammable liquids	
190
5
1
4
51
4
255
2
2
Matches and combustibles	
357
1
1
10
3
239
18
1
630
Other.    _   -               	
9
1
2
27
1
40
Persons involved—
Unknown.                      —      	
946
4
5
498
1
1,454
Adult male 	
68    I    11
1
1
9
7
18
115
28
2
8
11
49
43
1
71
2
117
3
1
2
6
Persons charged—
55
7
1
1
8
6
5
83
26
29
2
1
1
19
3
1
32
50
Juvenile male
Juvenile female
3
.-    |    -.
-
—
...
	
3
Total persons charged	
113    |      9    |      1    |      1    |    10
-
25
9
-
168
Offences cleared—
Charge.	
112
9
1
1
10
25
9
167
Other   .        	
2
2
21
11
36
974
4
11
5
532
11
1
1,538
Disposition of charge—
Convictions	
75
1
	
2
9
87
1
1
2
86
10
3
1
8
16
6
130
Withdrawn	
2
1
3
Stay of proceedings  	
8
1
1
1
11
Committed  	
1
	
3
4
Authority for charge—
Criminal Code—
Sect. 387   	
26
1
19
46
Sec. 389 (1)	
56
6
1
7
6
8
84
Sec. 389 (2)	
2
3
5
Sec. 390 _  	
10
1
2
1
14
Sec. 392(1)—	
2
1
3
Fire Marshal Act..:.	
Other  	
77
3
2
1
2
85
-
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1977
Inspections and Orders by Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal, 1977
CITY MUNICIPALITIES (33)
O 21
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Orders
242
1,857
391
101
1
~ 9
4
115
~~2
300
6,031
3,573
1,958
910
346
27
388
343
71
30,488
1,754
8,776
406
191
1
14
Port Coquitlam           	
1
3
530
907
1,900
411
10
Trail   .    ~
408
Nanaimo
Fort St. John..   „   —
Victoria	
White Rock	
2
Castlegar
61,721
750
DISTRICT MUNICIPALITIES (37)
1,232
115
1
730
i
3,069
3,127
5,734
238
3
36
356
5,572
776
1,148
Out Ray
128
100
597
10
400
1,234
156
Powell River -	
np.uai
779
Saanich	
12
Houston
Spallumcheen	
lfent
Squamish	
248
131
Mackenzie                 	
Summerland _
Surrey 	
2
398
337
West Vancouver	
North Cowichan
24,902
1,768
 O 22                                                 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Inspections and Orders by Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal, 1977—Continued
VILLAGE MUNICIPALITIES (60)
 1
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Orders
Alert Bay           _	
	
—
Nakusp...
144
10
—
Oliver.
100 Mile House   	
Chase
Chetwynd  	
Osoyoos	
Parksville —	
Port Alice	
	
Eikford       	
Port McNeill	
Princeton	
Fruitvale
Gibsons	
Cln]A Plv«r
Granisle—
Harrison Hot Springs 	
13
Sechelt                  	
5
12
1
Invermere	
Kaslo	
South Ft. George	
Tahsis - -	
17
Taylor. „               	
Telkwa          	
Tofino — - -
Ucluelet _ -	
Valemount 	
Lake Cowichan.. „	
Lumby      ,,,
Lytton
McBride   ...                ,*,,:.
Masset.          . — _.
Midway   .
Montrose 	
Warfield-	
85
12
Port Clements	
Totals	
299
	
TOWN MUNICIPALITIES (10)
68
9
224
—
	
—
Sidney. - 	
Smithers
Ladysmith
301
—
FIRE DISTRICTS (15)
6
12
313
3
2
Sooke 	
University Area	
969
10
268
256
3
5
loco    	
Westminster, County of	
Ocean Falls  	
Prince Rupert, County of	
Totals	
1,837
11
Inspections     Orde
als, 1977              89,060           2,52
rs
9
1
JU
14
!6
J8
8
12
>7
2
9
Grand tot
als, 1976       --    90,322           1,9.
als, 1975  81,027           1,9.
als.  1974 .                 91.418           1.5'
als, 1973
als, 1972
als. 1971      -
        87,266           1,6
Grand to
         -    .       63,940              8
84 104                5*
Grand tot
als, 1970    ..                    81,056                S
als, 1969                    -  77,927              IS
Grand tot
Grand tot
als, 1968      — 92,074              1"
als, 1967          -   85,969              52
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1977
O 23
10-Year Property Fire Loss Comparison, 1968-77
1968
1969
1970      |      1971
I
1972
(1) Number of fires	
(2) Loss  	
(3) Loss per fire (3) -=- (2)	
(4) Population (thousands) *	
(5) Per capita fires [(2) J- (5)] X 1,000	
(6) Per capita loss (3) -4- (5) 	
(7) Adjustment Factor (A)f 	
(8) Adjusted per capita Loss (A) (7) -H (8)
(9) CPI Adjustment Factor (b)t	
(10) Adjusted per capita loss (b) (7) -=- (10)
(11) Fire fatalities...  	
7,010
$21,116,871
$3,012
2,003.0
3.50
$10.54
.799
$13.19
.906
$11.63
100
7,602
$27,514,446
$3,619
2,060.0
3.69
$13.36
.851
$15.70
.937
$14.26
87
7,546
$34,561,074
$4,580
2,128.0
3.55
$16.24
.912
$17.81
.969
$16.76
104
7,454
$34,716,758
$4,657
2,784.6
3.41
$15.89
1.000
$15.89
1.000
$15.89
153
8,120
$37,389,116
$4,605
2,241.4
3.62
$16.68
1.101
$15.15
1.040
$16.04
100
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
(1) Number of fires..
(2) Loss_
(3) Loss per fire (3) -=- (2)	
(4) Population (thousands) *	
(5) Per capita fires [(2) -f- (5)] X 1,000.
(6) Per capita loss (3) -=- (5)	
(7) Adjustment Factor (A)t-
(8) Adjusted per capita Loss (a) (7) ~- (8)~
(9) CPI Adjustment Factor (B)t	
(10) Adjusted per capita loss (b) (7) -~ (10)_
(11) Fire fatalities-  _.	
7,613
$45,693,116
$6,002
2,302.4
3.31
$19.85
1.232
$16.11
1.110
$17.88
116
7,526
$62,842,182
$8,350
2,375.7
3.17
$26.45
1.347
$19.64
1.239
$21.35
129
7,782
$66,461,246
$8,540
2,433.2
3.20
$27.31
1.440
$18.97
1.377
$19.84
129
7,433
$77,566,724
$10,432
2,466.6
3.01
$31.45
1.605
$19.31
1.510
$20.83
110
7,523
$78,746,492
$10,467
2,497.6
3.01
$31.53
1.74
$18.12
1.618
$19.49
94
* Population statistics were provided by Statistics Canada. The figures for 1971 and 1976 are actual census
figures.   The others are estimates by Statistics Canada.
t Adjustment Factor: In an effort to get a more realistic picture of losses over the years, some form of
adjustment factors were necessary to take inflation into consideration.   We chose
(a) the B.C. Residential Building Construction Input Price Index, as provided by the Central Mortgage
and Housing Corp., using 1971 as a base of 1.000; and
(b) Consumer Price Index for Vancouver with 1971 = 1.000.
 O 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA
9,000
NUMBER OF FIRES, 1968-77
-    8,000
o
7,000
6,000-
69
70
71 72
Chart 1
73
74
75
76
77
FIRES PER CAPITA. 1968-77
71 72
Chart 2
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1977
O 25
ANNUAL FIRE DOLLAR LOSS, 1968-77
80 _.
70
60
40
OS
<
_1
O
Q
01
69
70
71       72
Chart 3
73
75
76
 O 26
BRITISH COLUMBIA
AVERAGE DOLLAR LOSS PER FIRE.   1968-77
Q
Z
<
v.
O
X
tr*
<
_J
o
□
w
o
<
os
tu
>
<
69
70
71     72
Chart 4
73
75
76
77
u
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1977
O 27
ACTUAL AND ADJUSTED PER CAPITA FIRE LOSS (DOLLARS), 1968-77
C
a
71 72
Chart 5
Adjustment Factor: In an effort to get a more realistic picture of losses over the years, some form of
adjustment factors were necessary to take inflation into consideration. We chose
(A) the B.C. Residential Building Construction Input Price Index, as provided by the Central Mortgage
and Housing Corp., using 1971 as a base of 1,000; and
(b) Consumer Price Index for Vancouver with 1971 = 1,000.
 O 28
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FIRE FATALITIES,  1968-77
71 72
Chart 6
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1978
1,530-478-9320

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