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Annual Report Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Travel Industry JANUARY 1 TO DECEMBER 31 1977 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1979

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 Province of British Columbia
Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Travel Industry
Annual Report
Ministry of the Provincial Secretary
and Travel Industry
JANUARY 1 TO DECEMBER 31
1977
  The Honourable Grace M. McCarthy,
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Travel Industry.
 Victoria, B.C., January 1, 1978
To His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
I have the honour, sir, to submit herewith the report of the Ministry of the
Provincial Secretary and Travel Industry, for Ministry programs under the jurisdiction of the Deputy Provincial Secretary, for the 1977 calendar year.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your most obedient servant,
grace m. McCarthy
Minister
 Victoria, B.C., January 1, 1978
The Honourable Grace M. McCarthy, Provincial Secretary
and Minister of Travel Industry.
Madam: I have the honour to submit the Annual Report for the programs
of the Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Travel Industry for which the
Deputy Provincial Secretary is responsible, for the year ended December 31, 1977.
GERALD H. CROSS
Deputy Provincial Secretary
  TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Statutes Administered by the Ministry     9
Introduction   11
General Administration ,   11
Orders in Council   11
The Great Seal  ..-. 11
Appeals   12
Petitions of Right  12
Public Inquiries  12
Scholarships  12
Special Events Fund  13
Miscellaneous Grants  13
Official Visits and Functions  13
Voyageur Canoes  14
Personnel  14
Government House    14
Provincial Elections  15
The Queen's Printer  16
Provincial Archives  16
Division Summaries    19
Aural History Program  19
Manuscript Division  19
Map Division  20
Northwest Library  20
Visual Records Division  20
Historic Houses  21
Legislative Library  21
Computer-based Information Service    21
Collection Policy  22
Assistance to Patrons  23
CIP (Cataloguing-in-Publication)  24
Staff Exchanges  25
Service to Ministerial Libraries  25
Microfilming Program  25
Division Summaries  26
Reference Department  26
Newspaper Index  26
Circulation  26
Vertical File  26
Newspaper and Periodical Checklist  26
Inter-library Loans  27
Retroactive Newspaper Index  27
Order Department  27
Cataloguing Department  28
Government Publications Department  29
Postal Branch  30
Central Microfilm Bureau  31
 Page
Provincial Emergency Programme  32
Division Summaries  32
Training  32
Emergency Air Service.  34
Marine Service  34
Communications  35
Oil and Hazardous Material Spills  35
Emergency Health and Welfare  35
Search and Rescue Service  35
Auxiliary Police  3 6
Resource Museums  36
Craigflower Schoolhouse  36
British Columbia Forest Museum  36
British Columbia Transportation Museum  37
Captain Cook Bi-Centennial  3 7
British Columbia House, London  38
Indian Advisory Branch  41
Lotteries Branch  42
Information Services  43
Provincial Inquiry Centre  43
Distribution of Government Publications  43
British Columbia Provincial Museum  44
Division Summaries  46
Archaeology  46
Birds and Mammals  47
Botany  47
Entomology   48
Ethnology  48
Linguistics  49
Marine Biology   50
Modern History  50
Conservation   51
Display   51
Education and Extension Services  52
Provincial Museums Adviser   53
Friends of the Provincial Museum  53
Air Services Branch  53
Legislative Tour Guides  54
Appendices  56
A. Queen's Printer Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement for
Year Ended March 31, 1977  56
B. Statistical Summary of Legislative Library Activities  58
C. Publications of the Provincial Museum  60
D. Summary of Air Services  62
E. Reports to be Tabled by the Ministry  63
 STATUTES ADMINISTERED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY THE
MINISTRY OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY AND
TRAVEL INDUSTRY
Agent-General Act.
British Columbia Centennial '71 Celebration Act.
British Columbia Day Act.
British Columbia Government Travel Bureau Act.
British Columbia Tartan Act.
Canada-British Columbia Pension Agreement Act.
Canadian Confederation Centennial Celebration Act.
Captain Cook Bi-Centennial Commemoration Act.
College Pension Act.
Constitution Act.
Daylight Saving Act.
Dogwood, Rhododendron, and Trillium Protection Act.
Douglas Day Observance Act.
Emergency Programme Act.
Flood Relief Act.
Floral Emblem Act.
Indian Advisory Act.
Legislative Library Act.
Legislative Procedure and Practice Inquiry Act.
Lotteries Act.
Members of the Legislative Assembly Superannuation Act.
Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Travel Industry Act.
Municipal Superannuation Act.
Pacific National Exhibition Incorporation Act.
Parliamentary Association Conferences Act.
Provincial Coat of Arms Act.
Provincial Elections Act.
Provincial Museum Act.
Public Documents Disposal Act.
Public Inquiries Act.
Public Printing Act.
Public Service Act.
Public Service Benefit Plans Act.
Public Service Superannuation Act.
Public Services Medical Plan Act.
Queen Elizabeth II British Columbia Centennial Scholarship Act.
Revenue Surplus Appropriation Act, 1969.
Sessional Allowances Reduction Act, 1961 (and 1972).
Sessional Reports Suspension Act.
Special Assistance in the Cost of Education Act.
Teachers' Pensions Act.
  Annual Report of the
Ministry of the Provincial Secretary
and Travel Industry
INTRODUCTION
For the first time in several years Ministerial responsibilities remained relatively
unchanged although the Aircraft Services Branch was transferred back to the
Ministry of Energy, Transport and Communications, and the Provincial Secretary
assumed responsibility for the British Columbia Steamship Company. Because
these changes did not take place until nearly the end of the year, the Aircraft
Services report for 1977 is included in this Ministerial Report.
The Ministry saw some changes in senior staff in 1977, the most significant
being the retirement of L. J. Wallace as Deputy Provincial Secretary, and the
appointment of Gerald H. Cross as his successor.
Mr. Wallace was honoured at a number of functions by many friends and
associates who had known and worked with him through almost 19 years as Deputy.
The announcement in the Legislature by Premier Bennett of his subsequent appointment to the position of Agent-General for the United Kingdom and Europe at
British Columbia House in London, was warmly applauded by all members.
Gerald Cross, Director of Civil Law in the Ministry of the Attorney-General,
officially succeeded Mr. Wallace as Deputy Provincial Secretary, on October 7,
having held the position in an acting capacity from July 29.
The reports of the Superannuation Branch and the Public Service Commission
will be submitted separately.
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
Orders in Council
For the first time since 1971, there was a slight increase in the numbers of
Orders processed over the previous year. In 1977, 3,920 Orders in Council were
approved, compared with 3,793 in 1976.
A total of 850 organizations and individuals received 53 issues of the popular
Order in Council resume through the year. In addition, a digest of Bills passed
during the second session of the 31st Legislative Assembly was compiled and
distributed.
The Great Seal
The Great Seal was used a total of 847 times, compared with 802 in 1976. It
was used to validate Crown grants 581 times, on Letters Patent 108 times, under
the Provincial Court Act 34 times, and 84 times on Proclamations.
ll
 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Appeals
As usual, most appeals, 10 out of 22, provided for in a number of Acts, were
initiated under the Motor Carrier Act. There were five under the Private Investigators' Licensing Act, and one each under the Change of Name Act, Water Act,
Pollution Control Act, Forestry Act, Dental Act, Public Service Act, and the Public
Schools Act.
In five instances, independent evaluators were appointed under the British
Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Act to determine property values contested
by owners.
Petitions of Right
There were two Petitions of Right initiated in 1977, though the need to obtain
a fiat before initiating proceedings against the Crown was eliminated when the
Crown Proceedings Act came into effect August 1, 1974. The petitions were
initiated under the old Crown Procedures Act as the cause occurred before the
new Act came into force.
Public Inquiries
There were four Royal Commissions appointed under the Public Inquiries Act
during the year into the Grizzly Valley Natural Gas Pipeline; British Columbia
Railway; Inferred Bribery—A. E. Filmer, Regional Crown Counsel, and G. D.
McKinnon, Crown Counsel; and Disposition and Incarceration of Female Offenders
in British Columbia.
Scholarships
The Ministry administers the Queen Elizabeth II British Columbia Centennial
Scholarship which is awarded annually to a graduate of one of the public universities
in the Province who wishes to further academic studies in the United Kingdom.
The winner of the 1977 scholarship, valued at $7,000, was John William Rodney
of Victoria. An Honours History graduate of the University of Victoria, he is now
reading law at Cambridge University.
Following recommendations made by the Scholarship Selection Committee,
the value of the scholarship for 1978 will be $10,000. In addition, two runners-up
will each receive a $2,000 minor scholarship for further studies in the United
Kingdom.
Three annual scholarships, each valued at $6,000, are provided for study at
the Lester B. Pearson College of the Pacific. The winners in 1977 were Robert
Mout of Aldergrove, Cynthia Zoyetz of Kamloops, and Duane Prentice of Victoria.
The Ministry was responsible for administering the Nancy Greene Scholarship
Awards from their inception until the summer of 1977. During that period the
number of scholarships offered each year grew from 10 to 26 and the value of the
scholarships increased from $500 to $750.
The number of applicants per year showed a remarkable growth pattern. In
1968, the first year in which the scholarships were offered, there were 97 applicants
and in 1977 this had grown to 253 applicants.
With the transfer of the responsibility of the Physical Fitness and Amateur
Sports Fund from this Ministry to that of the Ministry of Recreation and Conservation, the responsibility for administering the Nancy Greene Scholarships was
also transferred on the completion of the 1977 application year. The Ministry was
proud to be involved in a program where some of the brightest and most talented
of our graduating high-school students were afforded recognition in a positive
manner.
 report of the provincial secretary, 1977 13
Special Events Fund
This fund is supported entirely by lottery proceeds. It provides travel grants
to groups representing the Province at national or international competitions or
tournaments. Individuals who have a particular skill or discipline and who travel
to events outside the Province may also qualify for grants.
During 1977, a total of 72 grants was awarded to a value of $177,155.
Miscellaneous Grants
Over 125 nonprofit societies received grants to help cover administrative and
operational costs from the $2,730,000 provided for the Grants Program in the
estimates for the 1977/78 fiscal year.
Substantial amounts were provided for The British Columbia Lions Society
for Crippled Children, The Canadian Cancer Society, The Kinsman Rehabilitation
Mother's March, The Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada, and the Vancouver
Variety Club Telethon. These were matching grants in connection with annual
appeals for public funds made by the societies.
Grants in excess of $ 150,000 were made to women's organizations throughout
the Province, including the Vancouver Status of Women, and the Canadian Paraplegic Association to continue its special home service for paraplegic women.
A grant of $250,000 was provided for the Pacific National Exhibition to assist
in operational costs, and $25,000 was provided to the Van Dusen Botanical
Gardens in Vancouver to continue their educational program.
A final payment of $25,000 was made to the YM-YWCA of New Westminster
and District in connection with their building program.
Other nonprofit groups in receipt of operational grants include Big Brothers
of British Columbia, Girl Guides, Boy Scouts, Boys' and Girls' Clubs, the British
Columbia Association for the Mentally Retarded, SPCA, CNIB, Canadian Youth
Hostels Association, the Immigrant Services Society of British Columbia, the
Salvation Army, St. John Ambulance, and the Youth Parliament of British
Columbia.
Official Visits and Functions
The Ministry was responsible for preparations for a number of official visits
in 1977 in line with its involvement in matters of protocol.
In chronological order, official guests were Her Excellency, Madame Gabrielle
Leger, June 2-4; The Honourable Dr. Herbert Kessler, Premier of the Austrian
Province of Vorarlberg, June 27-July 3; His Excellency Chancellor Helmut
Schmidt of West Germany, July 6-9; The Honourable Dr. Alfons Goppel, Premier
of the West German Province of Bavaria, August 6-11; Mrs. Rosalynn Carter,
wife of the President of the United States of America, August 25 and 26; The
Honourable Tupuola Efi, Prime Minister of Western Samoa, October 5-8; and the
Honourable Bernhard Vogel, First Vice-President of the German Bundesrat and
Premier of the Rhineland Palatinate, December 4-6.
It is expected that 1978 celebrations of the Captain Cook Bicentennial will
involve official visits of a number of distinguished visitors from around the world.
A total of 247 special functions, primarily luncheons and dinners, was
organized during 1977.
 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Voyageur Canoes
The 12 six-man 26-foot-long voyageur canoes owned by the Province were
kept busy during the year primarily by the organizations caring for them on a
long-term basis. The canoes are in Kamloops, Chase, Campbell River, Nanaimo,
Vancouver, and Victoria. They are subject to recall at any time if they are needed
for special events.
Personnel
A number of major changes took place in 1977, the most significant one
involved the retirement of L. J. Wallace, Deputy Provincial Secretary since January
1959. Mr. Wallace was appointed to the position of Agent-General in London.
Gerald H. Cross, formerly Director of Civil Law with the Ministry of the Attorney-
General, was named the new Deputy Provincial Secretary.
The Personnel Division experienced a major change during the past year. For
many years the Personnel and Public Information functions had been combined
under one director. In late 1977 the two functions were separated and directors
were appointed responsible for each of the two functions.
W. R. Henderson assumed the Director of Personnel position on December 1.
He has an extensive background in personnel in the Provincial Government spanning some 22 years of service. He was formerly the Director of Personnel for
Public Works and more recently the Regional Recruiting Representative for the
Public Service Commission in Kamloops.
During the year, Personnel became actively involved for the first time with
the Travel Industry Section of the Ministry under the leadership of a new Deputy
Minister, W. R. Currie.
The Public Service Adjudication Board was established under Part III of the
Public Service Act, with Dr. F. Carrothers as its first Chairman.
The only major program change during the year was the transfer of the Air
Services Branch back to the Ministry of Energy, Transport and Communications.
A number of long-service employees retired during the year, including P. M.
Beere, Director of the Central Microfilm Bureau, and R. Mclnnes, Director of the
Indian Advisory Branch.
At the end of 1977, the Ministry of the Provincial Secretary and Travel
Industry employed in excess of 900 persons.
GOVERNMENT HOUSE
The official residence of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor is the scene of
many official functions. In 1977, over 17,000 guests were entertained at coffee
parties, luncheons, teas, dinners, receptions, balls, dances, garden parties, and
other functions.
Among the distinguished visitors entertained were His Royal Highness, Prince
Andrew; Premier Alfons Goppel of Bavaria; Premier H. Kessler of Vorarlberg,
Austria; Prime Minister Tupuola Efi of Somoa; Lord Mayor R. Gillett of London;
H. Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany; Her Honour Pauline McGibbon,
Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario; Lord Louis Mountbatten; Lady Brabourne; and
Vice-Admiral A. L. Collier.
High Commissioners Mohboob Ahmad of India, Bernardo Vunibobo of Fiji,
and Dean Jack Eyre of New Zealand were entertained, as were Ambassadors
Mordechai Shalev of Israel, Byung Ki Han of Korea, Patrick F. Power of Ireland,
Fazlollah Reza of Iran, Per Anger of Sweden, and F. A. Dennis of Liberia.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
15
Canada's Ambassador to the United States, J. H. Warren, visited Government
House, as did the Judges of the Canadian Citizenship Court, the Canada-U.S.
Parliamentary Group, Executives of the Bank of France, and North American
Cathedral Deans.
Groups of school children were given informative tours of the House and
then were served refreshments.
Almost 300 Provincial Public Servants attended dinners on successive evenings
to receive long-service awards.
PROVINCIAL ELECTIONS
The Chief Electoral Officer and Registrar-General of Voters organized the
fourth annual Conference of Canadian Electoral Officers, hosted by the Province
August 25 and 26. All Federal and Provincial elections offices were represented
with the exception of Manitoba where a General Election had been called.
The Branch continued to maintain the permanent voters list. One project in
this connection saw up to 1,000 new names added each month as new Canadians
were registered after appearing in Citizenship Court.
When time permitted, addressograph and copying work was done for other
areas of Government, primarily the Liquor Distribution Branch, Judges in Vancouver, and the Safety Engineering Branch.
The year ended with the prospect of a by-election early in the new year, the
Member of Oak Bay having indicated that he would be resigning.
Delegates to the fourth annual Conference of Canadian Electoral Officers meeting
at the Parliament Buildings in Victoria.
 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
THE QUEEN'S PRINTER
It was an active year for the Queen's Printer. Printing and stationery sales,
equipment purchases, and labour contract negotiations have had a major impact
on the Branch.
Sales of printing and stationery to the Government ministries and agencies
increased slightly over the previous year. Total sales were $9,300,000; $5,800,000
in printing, and $3,500,000 in stationery.
Inventories remained level at $900,000. This was due in part to the emphasis
on having suppliers store and ship common items directly to the requisitioning
ministry.
During this period, a program was undertaken to reduce photocopying costs
to the Government by standardizing copier supplies. Tenders were invited for the
supply of toner and paper. The results have been significant. During the past year
the Branch purchased and supplied over 400 tons of copy paper. The cost of toner
and paper has been reduced to a level where the quantity purchased by a ministry
does not affect the unit price charged.
Prices for printing and stationery items have remained relatively stable. In
certain areas, primarily the commercial printing and business forms markets, the
prices have reduced slightly.
During the year, the Queen's Printer and the four Graphic Arts Unions successfully negotiated another one-year labour contract. The result was a 6-per-cent
settlement with most of the increase taken as wages.
In an effort to reduce costs and increase production throughout, two major
pieces of bindery equipment were purchased; a 26 by 40-inch folder and a 50-bin
collator with an on-line stitcher. The new equipment complemented the existing
operation and increased performance.
The coming year is expected to be a busy one for the Queen's Printer. Total
sales are projected for the first time to exceed $10,000,000. In addition, technological update and modernization are expected to take place in the typesetting
and cost accounting areas.
The Queen's Printer Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement can be
found in Appendix A.
PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES
The highlight of the year was the opening of the Emily Carr Gallery of the
Provincial Archives by the Provincial Secretary and Minister of Travel Industry on
July 8, 1977. Other participants in the ceremony were Mayor Michael Young of
Victoria; L. J. Wallace, Deputy Provincial Secretary; Rev. Alfred J. C. Johnson,
President, Greater Victoria Council of Churches; and the Provincial Archivist.
The gallery is located in a restored heritage building at 1107 Wharf Street
within a few steps from where Emily Carr's father operated his wholesale and
importing business. There, it is said, Emily as a girl often watched the Indians
crossing the harbour from the Songhees Reserve to the Hudson's Bay landing while
she waited for her father to lock up and accompany her home at the end of the day.
Over the years the Provincial Archives has collected letters, manuscripts,
articles, and photographs relating to Emily Carr's career, and a substantial number
of her sketches and paintings. The major part of these holdings accrued as a result
of the acquisition of the William Newcombe Collection in 1961. Comprised largely
of Indian subjects, it includes sketches, drawings, designs—the artist's working
material, and the several significant paintings purchased from Miss Carr by
William's father, Dr. F. C. Newcombe, in 1913.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
17
The initial display in the new gallery presented 21 original oils and water
colours, augmented by photographs, reproductions, contemporary newspaper
accounts, and excerpts from Miss Carr's writings about her work.
The work of assembling and mounting this exhibit was carried out by Art
Curator J. W. Mossop, assisted by other staff members and our photographic lab.
We are grateful for the assistance of the conservation staff of the Provincial
Museum, the work carried out on the oil paintings by the Canadian Conservation
Institute, Vancouver, and parallel treatment of the water colours through a contract
with Mrs. Jean Topham, a local conservator. Mark Bawtinheimer, architect with
the Public Works Ministry, designed and supervised the renovations to the interior
of the gallery. During the first five months of operation, 10,146 persons visited
the gallery.
A full-time security guard was engaged for the gallery. Two tour guides,
supplied by the service in the Parliament Buildings, complete the complement of
staff, direct supervision of which was assigned to the art curator.
The major exhibit of the year in the gallery in the Provincial Archives building
was "Surveying in British Columbia: A Personal View", consisting of photographs,
maps, and diary extracts from our Frank Swannell Papers, and of surveying instruments loaned by the Provincial Museum. Planned by Miss Frances Gundry, head
of our Manuscript Division, with the assistance of the Exhibits Division of the
Provincial Museum, the display was opened on July 11, 1977, by the Provincial
Archivist and Lieut.-Col. G. Smedley Andrews, former Surveyor-General of British
Columbia, with several members of the Swannell family in attendance. The exhibit,
which ran until December 12, attracted 4,941 visitors, and it is planned to send it
on tour to a number of community museums in the Province during 1978.
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Travel Industry, Grace McCarthy, and Atlin
M.L.A., Frank Calder, look at an album of sketches by Emily Carr, one of the 21 exhibits
from the Provincial Archives collection of the works of British Columbia's most famous
artist displayed in the Emily Carr Gallery opened on July 8 by Mrs. McCarthy at 1107
Wharf Street, in Victoria.
2
 18 BRITISH COLUMBIA
The number of persons who carried out research in the Provincial Archives
increased substantially over 1976. There was a total of 9,582 daily users during
1977, and an additional 827 persons consulted material during the extended hours
in the evenings and on week-ends. Statistics are not compiled for all inquiries
received by telephone and mail, but the growth of reference service is evident in
the reports on the activities of our several divisions.
An analysis of outgoing letters filed in the general office in 1977 reveals that,
in round figures, 600 were letters transmitting copies of records and photographs
requested by the public, and 500 were letters containing answers to inquiries,
varying in length from brief notes about holdings on given subjects to lengthy replies
which involved several hours of research by the staff. Another 300 letters were
replies to routine requests for price lists, regulations, permission to quote documents
and reproduce material, information about hours, employment opportunities, and
so on. Over 300 letters were dispatched in soliciting archival material and
confirming arrangements with donors.
Revenues from sales of photo copies, photographs, prints, and publications
totalled $24,900 in the 1976/77 fiscal year and had reached $29,450 in the first
eight months of the 1977/78 fiscal year. The marked increase in revenue this year
is a result of the doubling of sales of Aural History publications and of the sales
of Emily Carr works which have exceeded $3,000 since the opening of the new
gallery.
The ordering of books for the Northwest Library, previously carried out by
the Legislative Library, was assumed by the general office in April. In order to
accommodate this work a position of manuscript typist in the Manuscript Division
was moved to the general office.
Mrs. Marjorie Griffin, who had been secretary to the Provincial Archivist and
supervisor of the General Office for many years, retired at the end of March and
Mrs. Rosemary Park was appointed to succeed her.
The stationing of a microfilm camera and operator in the Provincial Archives
by the Central Microfilm Bureau in September has already produced gratifying
results in enabling us to commit Government records to film, thus freeing stack
space for material which must be kept in original form, and also in enabling us to
return private papers, loaned for copying, with dispatch.
The Public Documents Committee, comprised of the Deputy Minister of
Finance, the Deputy Provincial Secretary, the Comptroller-General, the Associate
Deputy Attorney-General, and the Provincial Archivist (Chairman), met several
times during the year to process applications by Government ministries for the
destruction of public documents or their transfer to the Provincial Archives.
Pursuant to the provisions of the Public Documents Disposal Act, the recommendations of the Committee, approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council or the
Legislative Assembly, resulted in disposal of records of 45 separate branches or
offices in 12 ministries.
The Provincial Archivist served as a member of the Captain Cook Bi-Centennial Committee and chaired one of its subcommittees. Among various trips within
the Province, he addressed the annual luncheon of the Okanagan Historical Society
at Penticton in May, and in September gave the historical address at the unveiling
of a cairn erected at Contact Creek by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of
Canada to commemorate the building of the Alaska Highway. The Provincial
Archivist and the art curator were interviewed for, and provided commentary
throughout, a 40-minute film on the Emily Carr Gallery produced by Cable 10
TV, Victoria, for telecasting in August.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
19
Division Summaries
Aural History Program
Approximately 5,000 hours of sound recordings were added to the Aural
History Collection, including substantial numbers from the Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation, Cominco, the United Church, and free-lance broadcasters. The new
acquisitions include local historical material on the communities of Horsefly,
Terrace, 100 Mile House, and the Strathcona area of Vancouver, and additional
material on the Doukhobor and Chinese Canadians and Native Indians. Over
2,000 individual tapes were catalogued for the computerized retrieval system which
provides a comprehensive index to the subject content of Aural History material.
During the year the Director of the program, W. J. Langlois, and his assistant,
Derek Reimer, conducted 35 workshops on aural history methods in various parts
of the Province. In October the Director attended the American Aural History
Conference in San Diego.
The People in Landscape educational tape and transcript series was launched
early in the year, as a result of which approximately 2,000 cassettes and 2,500
transcripts of the initial 16 subjects in the series have been distributed. Nearly
24,000 copies of the Sound Heritage quarterly were sold through subscriptions and
counter sales, including large bulk orders to the Federal Department of Indian
Affairs and the Provincial Ministry of Education for the issue, Lillooet Stories,
prepared in co-operation with the British Columbia Indian Language Project.
Manuscript Division
The division accessioned over 230 manuscript units, extended to 38 linear
metres of original material, 95 reels of microfilm and 116 microfiche, and 107
series of Government records, consisting of 74 linear metres of paper and 50 reels
of microfilm. Major acquisitions included the papers of R. L. Maitland, Attorney-
General, 1941-46; William L. Hartley, Minister of Public Works, 1972-75; Fred
Wells, discoverer of the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine; Archer Martin, judge and
amateur historian; P. V. Paynter, Social Credit Party organizer, 1942-65; Dr.
F. B. Miles, Cranbrook dentist (diaries, 1896-1955); and records of the British
Columbia Home and School Federation, 1922-76. Among units borrowed for
microfilming were the archives of St. Paul's Province, O.M.I., and records of the
Fraser Valley Milk Producers and several farmers' institutes.
The division processed 212 manuscript units, producing 1,417 entries for the
card catalogue and 25 finding aids.
At the beginning of the year the system of processing Government records
was revised to facilitate immediate shelving, and an accessions control record form
was adopted from which card entries are typed for inclusion in the combined
manuscripts and Government records catalogue. This procedure augments the
inventories and finding aids which have been produced for some years and gives
researchers readier subject access. Work has begun on standardizing the subject
authority list for the catalogue.
The only staff change in the division, other than the transfer of the manuscript
typist to the general office, was the resignation of Mrs. Linda Porter, clerk-typist,
who was replaced by Mrs. Lorna Joslin. The division had the services of a volunteer
for two mornings a week during the fall of 1977, and in the spring of a temporary
archivist arranging mining records, under contract by the Ministry of Mines and
Petroleum Resources.
Among various staff activities, Miss F. Gundry manned a booth at the annual
Truck Loggers Convention at Vancouver as a means of soliciting papers and photo-
 20 BRITISH COLUMBIA
graphs relating to the lumber industry, and archivists of the division conducted
workshops on archival practice at Kelowna, Prince Rupert, Kamloops, Fort Steele,
Nanaimo, Port Moody, Chilliwack, Sooke, Vancouver, and Victoria.
In the area of professional training and development, Leonard DeLozier and
Brian Young completed the diploma course in archives administration given by the
Public Archives of Canada and the University of Ottawa. K. Haworth was granted
a one-month educational leave in conjunction with his Canada Council grant to
pursue research on Governor Edward Musgrave in England. Terry Eastwood was
elected vice-president of the Association of Canadian Archivists in June 1977. Mr.
Haworth assumed the duties of editor of the Bulletin of the Association of British
Columbia Archivists.
Map Division
New map accessions exceeded 300 during 1977, among them a large collection
of western Canadian maps from the Surveys and Mapping Branch of the Ministry
of the Environment. Over 300 maps were catalogued, this work being advanced
by the temporary services of a library school student during the summer months.
G. Castle, map archivist, and his clerical assistant, handled more than 600 reference
inquiries and supplied near 2,000 photo copies of maps to the public.
Northwest Library
Book purchases during the year totalled almost 1,200 volumes, and 451 items
were donated to the library. Additional acquisitions included miscellaneous documents, brochures, and programs. The staff under the direction of Miss Linda
Webster catalogued some 800 titles and added 5,225 cards to the public catalogue.
The Newspaper Index, a separate operation under the direction of Mrs.
Marjorie David, was augmented by a great many entries. The clippings on historical subjects from the daily and weekly newspapers of the Province, now
extending to 45 four-drawer cabinets, are a significant resource for genealogists
and local historians, and supplement the manuscript and record holdings on many
topics.
Visual Records Division
Comprised of the photographs collection, the paintings, drawings, and prints
section, and the photographic laboratory, this division had a very busy year. Again,
the number of acquisitions exceeded the capacity of the staff to process them, and
the number of requests for photographs resulted in delays in filling orders.
The photographic lab, supervised by Peter Westoby, produced over 13,000
glassy and matte prints, and some 2,300 negatives. It also devoted some 800 man-
hours to special projects and exhibit assignment which accounted for an additional
273 prints and 226 display enlargements, and it proceeded with the colour inventory of the paintings collection, taking some 800 shots of 120 items. Improvements
were made to the system of filing and storing negatives, this work was advanced by
the employment of a summer student to renumber negative files.
Some 2,600 items were accessioned for the photograph collection, representing
37 donations and accumulations borrowed for copying. Another 15 collections
were received, running from several hundred to several thousand items each, which
add to the back-log of unaccessioned holdings. Among the more significant acquisitions were the E. L. Pocock and G. V. Yates glass negatives of Victoria and lower
Vancouver Island scenes; several hundred photographs from the R. H. B. Ker
estate; photographic files of the Dominion Bridge Company depicting their British
Columbia projects, equipment, and personnel; and collections loaned for copying
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
21
by the Trail Historical Society, the Smithers Museum, Vancouver Island Forest
Museum, and Northwest Community College, Terrace.
In addition to the renumbering of the copy negatives carried out in conjunction
with the photographic lab a preliminary inventory was made of items in storage,
and with the aid of the Ethnology Division of the Provincial Museum scattered
materials from the Maynard Collection were identified and assembled as a unit.
The staff, supervised by J. R. Davison, processed approximately 1,000 inquiries
and requests for photographic prints.
In addition to the major work involved in planning and mounting the display
in the Emily Carr Gallery, the art curator, J. W. Mossop, arranged a number of
displays in the foyer of the Archives Buildings, prepared items for loan to the
Winnipeg and Victoria Art Galleries and British Columbia House, London, and
supervised the matting and framing of 120 water colours and drawings. Some 225
works were researched and catalogued. The services of two summer students
advanced this work.
Among the more important works purchased for the collection were five water
colours: F. H. Brigden, "Through the Pines, Okanagan Lake"; Sir W. R. Kennedy,
"H.M.S. Reindeer off Esquimalt, 1873"; Charles Warburton Young, "Steady"
(Hunter with setter, 1906); C. W. Holliday, "Beach, Mara Lake, 1932"; and
Edwin Riley, "Sidney Mill."
We are grateful to Mrs. Katja Krahnstoever for donating 12 of her embroidered scenes of the Okanagan, and to Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Burns for presenting an
"Adam and Eve" hooked rug on behalf of Miss Flora Burns. Mrs. Patricia Keir
presented 16 water colours and drawings by or relating to Reginald James
Macdonald.
Historic Houses
The number of visitors at Craigflower Manor was 5,061 adults and 864
children and at Helmcken House, 14,475 adults and 2,258 children. A boardwalk
was constructed from the curator's residence to Craigflower Manor, and the
exterior of the building repainted during the year. A picket fence was constructed
at Helmcken House and the interior of the living quarters was redecorated.
The Peter Cotton architectural firm completed as-found drawings, site plans,
and a photographic record of Craigflower School which will form a basis for future
restoration work at that site.
LEGISLATIVE LIBRARY
In last year's annual report considerable space was given over to the large
number of staff changes that the library experienced. There have been many
changes this year but, fortunately, they are changes in policy and service areas
rather than in staff. Professional and senior clerical staff, especially, changed little
during the year and this continuity itself was responsible for a good deal of the
improvement in the level of library service.
Computer-based Information Service
To improve and to extend the Reference Department's capacity to meet the
increasing need for current and specialized information, an on-line information
service was inaugurated in co-operation with the Library Development Commission.
A DEC Writer II was installed in the Legislative Library in early January but,
because of technical difficulties, did not become operational until mid-February.
As with all reference services, the members and their research staffs have prior
claim on the new on-line service, but wherever possible, the on-line service has
been made available also to research staffs in ministries.
 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Because of the novelty of a computer-based information system to researchers
unfamiliar with one, the library has had to emphasize that the on-line information
service is not essentially different from the service the library has provided in the
past by means of periodical and abstracting publications such as Chemical Abstracts,
Canadian Business Index, etc. Instead of being available in printed and bound
form, however, the information is stored on magnetic tape and the automated files
are accessible through the computer terminal, which provides a copy of the citations
located. As is the case with the traditional periodical indexes, the end product is
a list of references or abstracts of articles relevant to the subject being searched.
The service is simply a new method of providing traditional reference assistance more efficiently and in far greater depth because of the tremendously increased
number of references available through the computer-based system and the far
greater speed with which current references are accessible. The data bases available
to us under present contracts, for example, contain over 12 million citations with
900,000 added every month. The library could neither afford to subscribe to, to
store, nor to provide staff to service a fraction of this material in traditional print
form.
The service was not overzealously promoted: members and caucus research
staff and ministerial libraries were informed and the service was suggested by
librarians to patrons when it seemed appropriate. A few special presentations were
made on request, particularly to members and their research staff, but in general
the intention has been to let the service create its own clientele through word of
mouth. The librarians have also been careful not to oversell the capabilities of the
system.
The costs incurred by the service have been fully monitored and a detailed
report both on costs and patterns of use was prepared for Treasury Board on the
first six-month period of operation.
There has been one quite unexpected benefit from the service, this in the area
of public relations. The research capabilities of the library appear to be taken much
more seriously by many research workers simply because a terminal has been
installed, and there is no question that we are reaching a user group that we did
not previously service. But it is both encouraging and disheartening that many
patrons come to the library now because of the terminal with questions that are
still and always could have been answered by the staff using traditional print
sources.
Collection Policy
The redefinition of the library's role and its return to the statutory name of
Legislative Library in 1974 has made possible a general improvement in service to
its prime clientele, the members, by focussing attention on their reference needs.
It has also facilitated a study of the library's policies regarding the acquisition of
material used in the provision of the reference service. A formal collection policy
statement was drafted during the year and, after discussions with senior staff, has
been adopted.
In general the collection statement emphasizes that the major subjects of
concern are those related most closely to the needs of the members and their
research staffs and embrace, therefore, Parliamentary Practice and Procedure,
Politics, Government, Law, and Economics. In addition, other subject areas must
be included to meet the changing needs of the members, such as ecology and the
environment, consumer affairs, and industrial relations. In all cases, however,
Canadian material, both Federal and Provincial has priority and all material
relating to British Columbia, with the exception of Literature and the Arts, is of
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
23
concern. For the general collection the subject areas of Science and Technology,
Literature and Language, and the Arts are considered only if the material has
some direct relevance to British Columbia or directly meets a current interest of
the House.
Discussions have been held during the year with the Provincial Archives with
a view toward sharing collection responsibilities in the field of nongovernmental
British Columbia publications. Considerable progress has been made toward
sharing what has become, in the face of greatly increased Provincial publishing, a
major burden. In particular, an arrangement regarding the library's large collection
of city directories has been worked out and plans are proceeding toward a solution
of the problem of regional newspapers. It has seemed logical that the historical
files of these papers should be more readily available for use in the Archives and
discussions are continuing about the feasibility of transferring at least the microfilm
files to the Archives.
The problem of limited space, which faces every library, is always with us.
The program of weeding from the collection material that is no longer relevant to
the service requirements of the library or that might be of more immediate use in
another library was continued during the year. Lists of these surplus volumes were
compiled and circulated to over a hundred other libraries in British Columbia,
Canada, and throughout North American and, even, to one library in the Soviet
Union. The response was relatively heavy and a large part of the material that was
no longer required to meet our needs has been taken into the collections of other
institutions. The compilation and circulation of duplicate exchange lists is time-
consuming but, in view of the response this year, it is well justified.
In an effort to gain badly needed space in the Government publications area
of the stacks, a re-examination of the collection policy regarding Commonwealth
and foreign publications was included as part of the over-all collection policy study.
Members of the Government Publications Department met with the TRIUL Government publications subcommittee to discuss the collection policies of the three
universities as far as Commonwealth and foreign material was concerned. As a
result of the meeting it was decided that the Legislative Library would cede the
responsibility for maintaining collections of the publications of the Australian
states, African nations, the Irish Free State, and several smaller collections of
foreign countries to The University of British Columbia, the University of Victoria,
and Simon Fraser University, who already have extensive collections in these areas.
In addition, the library's present holdings of these documents, with the exception
of Statutes and Laws, are to be transferred to the universities to complete existing
collections.
Assistance to Patrons
One of the difficulties in maintaining an adequate reference service is simply
in learning if the service is meeting the needs of those who make use of it. Those
who approach the reference desk have always come, it seems, ready to be grateful
for whatever help might be given them. Such an attitude is comforting to the
librarian but it does make it hard to know if the patron is genuinely satisfied by the
service rendered.
The library has felt for some time that it would be useful if library staff could
meet with the members to discuss present service and to hear suggestions for
improvements or for additional services that would assist them in their work.
Although the Legislative Library Act provides for a library committee, the provision
has rarely been observed and, in fact, the composition of the committee as defined
 24 BRITISH COLUMBIA
in the Act would probably not provide the kind of discussion that would be most
useful both to the library and to the backbencher and opposition member.
In an effort to begin solving the difficulty and with the permission of the
Speaker, the librarian and the head of the Reference Department met with the
Government caucus and with the opposition caucus during the summer. The discussions were frank on both sides—the library had some problems of its own that
it wanted to lay before the members—and the probability of similar future meetings
is strong. Both caucuses suggested that caucus library committees be formed to
meet regularly with the library and that these meetings begin early in next year's
session of the Legislature.
The parliamentary intern program was continued by the office of the Speaker
during the spring period and the library again was able to assist the interns in their
research duties. The group makes fairly heavy demands upon the services of the
Reference Department but the department has found the interns to be eager and
co-operative and has reported that working with them, because of their enthusiasm
for the program, has been a rewarding experience. As a part of the interns' orientation course, the assistant librarian and the head of the Reference Department met
with the students and outlined the services and the resources of the library. These
early meetings with the interns have been extremely helpful in establishing the
co-operative relationship between interns and library staff that has been such a
pleasant feature of the program.
CIP (Cataloguing-in-Publication)
Two senior staff members of the National Library, Ms. Cynthia Durrance,
Head of the Cataloguing Division, and Mrs. Havalen Anand, CIP Officer, met with
library staff in November to make preliminary arrangements for the signing of a
formal agreement regarding the Legislative Library's role in the national CIP
program.
The Legislative Library has been supplying CIP data for selected Provincial
publications since 1976. The information, which is supplied to the author department or to the Queen's Printer prior to printing and which is generally printed on
the reverse of the title page, provides all essential bibliographical information
needed for library cataloguing of the item. With this information available in the
document the time and cost of processing the book for use in libraries is greatly
reduced. The service has proved especially useful in the smaller public and school
libraries, where trained cataloguing assistance may not be available and where full
cataloguing of material for efficient retrieval may not be possible.
Because the National Library is the agency responsible for the official over-all
administration of the CIP program in Canada, covering both commercial and
Government publishers, the Legislative Library carries out the Provincial Government program with their co-operation and in accordance with the national policies
that they have established. Until this year the National Library had set up no
formal CIP program for Government publishing but had limited its activities to
administering the program for commercial publishers. The need for extending the
program to cover Government publications had been recognized from the start of
the commercial operation and voluntary programs such as that of the Legislative
Library for Provincial documents had been encouraged and assisted where possible.
The National Library is now prepared to accept formally its administrative role in
the area of Government publications and has proposed that formal agreements be
signed with participating cataloguing agencies in the provinces to ensure that the
same consistent standards that have been established in the commercial area be
maintained for Government publications.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
25
The demands of the program are heavy: each item selected to have a CIP
entry requires original cataloguing to a very high standard. The time required to
process one volume for the CIP program is substantially more than for a volume
entering the library's collection. But in view of the reduction in processing costs
incurred by other libraries because of the information supplied, and because the
time required to make the publication available to the public is materially reduced,
the program and the demands it makes appear to be fully justified.
Although the number of items for which CIP information was supplied last
year rose sharply over the previous year's total, one of the major difficulties faced
by the Cataloguing Department is the task of securing the material to be processed.
With no central publications distribution agency yet established the library has to
rely heavily upon the co-operation of the ministries and, especially, the Queen's
Printer. Voluntary co-operation and goodwill are productive only to a certain
degree. Many useful items are published without CIP information simply because
they have not been available to our Cataloguing Department before they have been
published.
A memorandum to ministerial information officers from David Brown, Communications Planning Adviser to the Premier, which outlined the program, was
responsible for substantially increasing the number of documents submitted but the
problem of obtaining the material persists.
Staff Exchanges
Arising from discussions with the University of Victoria last year, the Reference Department of the library and the McPherson Library began a series of staff
exchanges. Members of the reference staffs of both institutions changed positions
for one-week periods. Staffing difficulties at the university forced an earlier end to
the project than had been anticipated but the experiment was so favourably received
by both libraries that it is hoped the program will be renewed next spring.
Service to Ministerial Libraries
The direct provision of library service to the Ministries of Human Resources
and Recreation and Conservation through the seconding of two librarians for full-
time duty in the libraries of the ministries was continued. As a result of a study,
however, the two ministries were approached to determine whether they would be
willing to assume the responsibility for the staffing of their libraries with the
Legislative Library providing cataloguing service only. Both ministries agreed to
the proposal and the former arrangement will end March 31 next year when the
two librarians now providing the services will be transferred to the ministries
involved.
Full cataloguing service will continue to be available to these libraries as well
as to other ministries. At the present time, 15 ministerial libraries are supplied
with this service.
Microfilming Program
The Central Microfilm Bureau has continued to provide the library with a
very high level of service during the year. Indeed, it is difficult to see how the
microfilming program could reach anything like its present standards of quality and
efficiency without the co-operation and genuine concern that the bureau has
consistently shown in carrying out the library's work.
The work this past year has been outstanding. All current newspaper files,
not available commercially, have been filmed, a target never achieved previously.
In addition, an impressive start has been made on the filming and refilming of the
 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA
library's holdings of the regional newspapers. The refilming has been necessary
because of the generally poor quality of much of the earlier microfilm negatives,
which in turn is the result of filming formerly from bound volumes. Current filming
involves the disbinding of these volumes in order to provide a high quality, flat
original for filming. This is a time-consuming undertaking but the amount of
progress so far made is remarkable: some 80 titles have already been completed.
The filming, it should be noted, is being done for conservation purposes only; film
is not available for commercial distribution.
Division Summaries
Reference Department
The unusually lengthy session added to the already busy activities of the
reference staff and generated some interesting and stimulating questions. These
were as varied as requests for information on the cost of food in relation to the
amount of hours an individual works, to more historical requests, such as the names
of British Columbia Treasury Board members in 1913.
Newspaper Index
Indexing and maintaining the index files continues to occupy considerable time
and effort on a steady basis. However, this year's statistics show a healthy decrease
in the number of items indexed and new cards as well as new subject headings.
This would appear to be the result of more sophisticated indexing by the staff, who
are now thoroughly familiar with the index and its uses, as well as subject material
and headings most appropriate and useful for quick retrieval.
In September an attempt was made to have the senior clerk learn to collate
slips. Since then, she has sorted a number of days with great success. This has
been most useful as it lends some variety to her job, and gives a handy back-up to
the librarians who are not always available when necessary.
Circulation
The library continues to have more than a fair share of delinquent borrowers.
This has been partly due to a failure to give due dates for material borrowed. At
the end of July we therefore began issuing book marks with date due notices. This
seems to have had some success, especially as many borrowers have expressed
satisfaction in having a stated due date for material.
Vertical File
Toward the end of the summer, both the W. A. C. Bennett and the William
Bennett files were taken from the library. The William Bennett file has been
recovered but the W. A. C. Bennett file, which contained a great deal of irreplaceable material, has not been found. The incident has alerted us to the fact that all
vertical file material needs to be marked and identified. Duplicate files of material
considered particularly valuable will be set up. The librarian in charge of the
vertical file is currently reassembling material for both Bennett files from as many
sources as possible.
Newspaper and Periodical Checklist
Maintenance of the checklists has been routine. As the year ends we are
attempting a detailed shelf-reading program on the periodical deck which has
unearthed a number of errors resulting in revisions to the checklist. These are being
corrected as they arise. A subject guide to the Legislative Library periodicals is
being compiled. This project has also revealed a number of errors in the checklist
which are being corrected. The subject guide should be completed in the new year.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
27
Inter-library Loans
The number of books and other material sent out on inter-library loan continues to far outnumber by five to one the material requested from other libraries
for our clientele. The volume of these latter requests has been reduced during this
past year as many of the branch libraries now handle their own requests. Success
in obtaining requested material has been quite high, proving it to be a useful part
of the reference service.
Retroactive Newspaper Index
Work is going fairly well on the retroactive newspaper index with more continuity than last year. We were without a typist for over a month, but happily this
hiatus partly coincided with the holidays of two indexers and the need for the third
indexer in the reference department, where staff was also on holiday. Due to the
unusually long legislative session, progress, albeit steady, was not as rapid as had
been hoped. We are, however, dealing with a number of errors in the index, correcting them as we encounter them. These are mostly in the 1915-plus period and
are often of the following types:
(1) An individual indexed under his/her full first name as well as under
the initials, e.g., Miller, John J. and Miller, J. J. Married women
are not infrequendy indexed under both their own first name and
first name of their husband, e.g., Grant, Maria Pollard and Grant,
Mrs. Gordon.
(2) Conversely, two people with similar or identical names have been
indexed on each other's cards.
(3) Organizations, associations, etc., indexed under a variety of names
and subject headings, nonoverlapping. Some of the confusion is
due to word order (e.g., Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve
and Royal Naval Canadian Volunteer Reserve), putting geographical
designations first and last (or omitting them altogether) and newspaper carelessness in reporting names.
(4) Stories typed out of chronological order. This is either because the
date is wrongly given or, for some strange reason, they were actually
typed out of order (years, not days are involved here).
Some of the above-mentioned problems can be cleared up fairly quickly.
Others require a great deal more time, involving not only checking newspaper
stories but also directories, histories, and other sources.
Due to confusion in names of railroads which sprang up in great profusion
before World War I, in name if not in actuality, a railroad file is being compiled.
As we are almost at the point at which the original index was started (October
1915), we are having to confront special problems, due in part to the unusual and
outdated subject headings used by the indexers at that time, which would not be
caught simply by reindexing. We are presently working on a system to weed out
these cards as well as co-ordinating the indexing with the existing index.
We have been asked to record biographical information of MLAs and have
drawn up a form to record this information as it is encountered.
Order Department
Following the resignation of the former order librarian in August, a major
reorganization of duties in the department was begun. The Librarian II (Order)
position has been retained on the establishment but the title has been changed to
Documents-Technical Librarian to reflect the change in responsibilities. Although
it is expected that certain acquisition and order responsibilities will be handled by
 28 BRITISH COLUMBIA
the replacement, most of the duties of the former order librarian have been reassigned to other staff members. As more and more of the records are updated and
the routines simplified it is anticipated that other changes can be considered. It is
still too early to decide whether the department can function effectively and
permanently with the reduced staff but at present the oulook is promising.
One other area requires comment—the demise of the service for international
document material by Supply and Services. This has led to the return to the Order
Department, in November, of the Kardex and subscription and purchase order
records for publications emanating from the U.N. and its attendant bodies.
The usual problems are fairly obvious and fairly widespread: sometimes poor
reporting service from suppliers, shipment of incorrect items, changes in title, price,
and publishers' agents, as well as the never-ceasing vagaries of serials which merge,
cease, disappear, change title, place, frequency, and price. There appears also to
be a trend by some suppliers to demand prepayment. These difficulties probably
will always exist.
Over all, a general increase in price may be seen. Serials such as Chinese
Voice have gone from $32.40 to $40.35 and membership in the National Tax
Association from $25 to $35.
The beginning of the fiscal year saw the transfer to the Archives of the complete responsibility for their own orders. Certain back files of periodicals as well
have been given to the Archives.
Over all, the statutes reflect well on the activities of the department. Due to
the increase in worth-while books published, the rise in the budget, and the spate
of back orders, more books were selected, ordered, and received in 1977.
The serials statistics are incomplete but by adding together the "proper"
periodicals as found in the Kardex and Black Book, and the catalogued serials in
both files, a 15- to 20-per-cent total increase results.
The library received 126 new periodicals, including RTAC Forum, IR
Research Reports, Econoscope Report; and 20 new catalogued serials, including
Real Property Reports, Canadian Current Law.
The binding totals reflect the policy of not binding newspapers beyond the
1975 imprint. Meanwhile the policy of filming back runs of British Columbia
newspapers by the Central Microfilm Bureau is proceeding well. William Rose has
evolved a new way of disbinding bound volumes, and to date has tackled some
80-odd titles (up to Creston). Gloria Mosser and Lynn Bigwood have been
filming these and the results are excellent. The assistance afforded the department
during the long sessional period by Verna Bradley allowed the library to send out
two Duplicate Exchange Lists, and to prepare another one for early in 1978.
Cataloguing Department
The marked increase in the number of books catalogued for the Legislative
Library during 1977 was the result of a change in departmental policy. It was
decided early in the year that Legislative Library material should be processed and
made available as soon as possible and that it should receive priority over items
from other collections. The policy does not mean, however, that the other
ministerial libraries were neglected, in fact, there was also an increase during the
year in the number of titles catalogued for all libraries receiving service from the
department.
Legislative Library backlogs have almost all been cleared except for a small
number of Provincial text books and some pamphlet material. The cataloguing of
the H. R. MacMillan collection was completed during the year and a separate shelf
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
29
list was created both for the MacMillan books and for all material shelved in the
vault.
Cataloguing for ministerial libraries progressed well during the summer months
when the department was augmented by a number of library school students
employed by other ministries and assigned to work under the supervision of the
cataloguing department.
With the help provided, over half the collection of the ELUC Library was
catalogued and the cataloguing of the Alcohol and Drug Commission Library was
completed. There is, however, still a large backlog of work in the Ministry of
Economic Development Library, for which additional help is badly needed.
A proposal for the Legislative Library Cataloguing Department to begin using
an automated cataloguing support system was presented to the librarian on August
11. After much discussion, it was agreed that the proposal would be submitted to
Treasury Board for consideration.
In October the clerical staff was trained to edit copy for books for which LC
copy or CIP was available. This step relieved the routine work load of the
librarians and has meant an increase in the volume of material processed, particularly in the area of books requiring original cataloguing.
Considerable time was spent on subject revision work and it was decided that
"see also" references would no longer be used in any of the catalogues serviced.
Corrections and revisions as issued by the Library of Congress, however, have been
incorporated in the Legislative Library's and all ministerial library catalogues
through the end of the 1975 supplement.
The CIP program has been accepted by the department as a necessary service
but it is a very demanding one in terms of staff time and effort. The number of
items for which information was provided this year was over 150.
The head of the Catalogue Department served as chairman of the Bibliographical Standards Committee of the British Columbia Catalogue Action Group.
With the replacement of the Action Group by the British Columbia Union Catalogue Project Users' group, she has continued to attend regular meetings of the
new group as an observer pending the library's proposed participation in the union
catalogue project.
The head of the department visited the National Library in June to discuss
the library's participation in the CIP program and also had discussions with the
University of Toronto Automation Services office regarding bibliographical standards, and visited both the Ontario Legislative Library and the Bibliographical
Services Centre of Ontario. The librarian in charge of subject heading and authority
control attended a workshop in Ottawa on automated authority control and also
underwent a three-day training period at the National Library in connection with
the CIP program.
Government Publications Department
As usual one of the most pressing problems facing the department is stack
space. In order to provide more shelf room the decision was made in the summer
to cease collecting material from the Australian states, with the exception of
statutes, and to distribute the existing collection to Provincial institutions that
already have significant holdings in this field. The weeding of the general collection
has provided additional space to meet the increasing need of the Government
Publications Department. Major shifts of the British Columbia and Canadian
holdings have been made to take advantage of the space released.
 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Another major problem is the need for a shelving code or designation, which
would permit the shelving and retrieving of document material to be handled by
the clerical staff. The head of the department attended the Western Canada
Chapter of the American Society for Information Science Conference in September,
at which the subject of the CODOC Document retrieval system was discussed and
demonstrated. This conference, and further investigation leads to the conclusion
that because of lack of flexibility in allowing for the establishment of new departments and name changes, CODOC is not the answer to the problem as far as this
library is concerned. The department head is at present drawing up an alphanumeric shelving code for the Legislative Library's document collection and has
proposed that it be applied to a selected group of publications for a trial period of
six months to a year to see if it would be feasible for general use in the document
collection.
Following much correspondence and with considerable help from Eddie Deer-
field of the United States Information Service in Vancouver, the library has been
receiving its partial depository set of United States publications on exchange from
the Smithsonian Institution on a regular basis since April. There is every indication
that the exchange arrangements, which had deteriorated badly over the last three
years, is again functioning properly.
The library continues to wait hopefully and rather desperately for the proposed
Government publications distribution centre both for help in receiving and distributing publications and for assistance in the compilation of the Monthly Checklist. The checklist grows each year. The number of pages increased 20 per cent
in 1977. This increase is an accurate reflection of the increase in the output of
British Columbia Government publications, which after slowing in the two previous
years has shot up again. The increase in the number of British Columbia items
received in 1976 over 1975 was only 2 per cent; this year's increase over 1976 is
in the order of 36 per cent.
A statistical summary of Legislative Library activities can be found in
Appendix B.
POSTAL BRANCH
If you felt your office sent and received a lot of mail in 1977 compared with
1976, you were correct. The Postal Branch processed 31,720,470 pieces of mail
compared to a previous high of 23,581,218 the year before.
The total cost of mailing in 1977 exceeded $5,000,000 and with another
increase of 16 per cent due in April 1978, the total budget for the coming year
could exceed 6,000,000.
Two major projects were undertaken this year; one involving staff, the other
bulk mailings.
On the staff side, the Postal Branch became responsible for several areas where
Government Employees were functioning in other ministries as full-time postal
clerks. This rationalization resulted in the establishment of a satellite office in the
Government Agency in New Westminster. With the move of Ministry of Health
offices into the new Richard Blanshard Building in Victoria, the volume of Medical
Plan and other Ministry mailing resulted in the establishment of another satellite
office there.
Three postal clerks now on the staff at Riverview Hospital in Essondale will
transfer to the Branch early in 1978.
The major bulk mailings were the August, September, and October issues of
the B.C. Government News. Each of the three editions went to every householder
in the Province, a total of over 2,700,000 pieces, or over 168% tons.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
31
The "containerization" of mail originating in Victoria expanded to three more
offices in 1977 and now reaches 32 communities throughout the Province. The
pre-sorting of mail into containers for these areas not only reduces costs, but ensures
delivery to Government offices the morning after dispatch.
The Revenue Post Office at Tranquille was closed by Federal postal authorities
and the Postal Branch has taken steps to have the offices reopened and staffed by a
Provincial Government employee.
The scheduled takeover of the Vancouver Resources Board early in the new
year will add 19 more offices to the areas served by the Postal Branch operation in
Vancouver.
The Federal Post Office opened the new mail processing plant at Royal Oak
in 1977. The mechanical equipment is now in full operation and the concerted effort
by all concerned to include the postal code as part of all addresses has been appreciated. As the year ended, the acceptance level for Provincial Government mailings
was 85 per cent for coded mail.   Our goal is 100 per cent.
Total Volumes (Victoria and Vancouver only)
Pieces Received Pieces Dispatched1
1974   6,717,151 15,618,026
19752   6,422,642 13,177,291
1976  9,943,404 13,637,814
1977   11,747,147 19,973,323
i Figures represent metered mail dispatched through the Federal Post Office from the Postal Branch in
Victoria and Vancouver only, and do not include internal mail collected, sorted, and delivered between offices.
2 Reduction due to eight-week postal strike.
CENTRAL MICROFILM BUREAU
Microfilm in its many diverse forms and areas of use has made a more emphatic
impact on the British Columbia Provincial Government economy this year. More
ministries throughout the Government are becoming more aware and are requesting
that documents be filmed because of the growing need and concern for space.
Advantages were emphasized when a fire razed the offices of the Forest Industry Division, Volume and Depletion Branch, of the Ministry of Forests. The bureau
was able to regenerate their records from the original security roll within a two-week
period at an approximate cost of $1,000, with an estimated saving of about
$12,000,000.
The fear of other orginal historical documents being destroyed by fire or loss
has prompted other areas to have their documents microfilmed creating a spiralling
work load for the bureau. One such area is the Surveyor-General, custodian of
original maps defining geographical boundaries with Field Survey Books.
The formation of the British Columbia Systems Corporation has also had its
affects on the bureau's development as systems are being created in concert with
computer sciences and micrographic technology. There is a definite need for
Computer Output Microfilm in the Government as expenditures indicate outside
service bureau costs could well be eliminated with a viable in-house operation.
Production of processed film footage was increased in 1977, with comparison
figures for 1976, 1,656,370 feet, and 1977, 1,908,270 feet.
 32
BRITISH COLUMBIA
A comparison list of services rendered is as follows:
1976 1977
Searches  5,983 6,213
Prints   13,432 19,047
Deka Strip  1,739 468
Cartridges   3,548 3,694
Computer paper (ft.) 71,800 62,200
Jackets  91,381 58,321
Copy film   135,425 235,675
Aperture Cards  9,154 74,732
As displayed in the comparison figures there has been a vigorous growth in
the utilization of aperture cards for storage and indexing of filmed engineering plans
and maps. The Deka Strip film format has now become obsolete with outside
Computer Output Microfilm services being preferred. Computer paper of a continuous nature has shown a decline for the same reason as Deka Strip. COM is a
much faster generated film format. Copy film has increased due to duplicate working copies being made for office use while the original roll is stored in the security
film storage vault.
On June 17, 1977, P. M. Beere, the first Operations Director of the Central
Microfilm Bureau retired after 26 years in command. Mr. Beere was responsible
for developing microfilm services in the Provincial Government of British Columbia
commencing with a staff of eight and growing to a present staff of 59. He was
succeeded by the Assistant Director, H. B. Bennett.
The first meeting of the Inter Provincial Micrographic Council was held in
Ottawa, October 4, 1977, with Mr. Bennett representing British Columbia.
In the coming year, a more organized approach to micrographics and records
management in the British Columbia Government can be expected. This will include
a records management program setting out guidelines and policies for developing
inventories of ministerial records and schedules to be destroyed before or after
microfilming. A Records Retention Centre will decrease the cost of offsite commercial storage and house Central Microfilm Bureau staff to film, process, format,
store, search, and disseminate finished products to ministries.
There is a need for an increased security film storage area in Victoria and
Duncan and a new area is necessary for the Mainland in Vancouver.
PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY PROGRAMME
In 1977 the tasks performed by the multifaceted Provincial Emergency
Programme once again have increased over previous years.
This report deals with the programme's major activities, including aid and
land search and rescue, emergency health and welfare, oil and hazardous material
spills, bomb threat management, communications and auxiliary police, including
the training of the thousands of dedicated volunteers who make our success possible.
The nature of tasks completed for the protection of life and property have
ranged from a 15-gallon hazardous chemical spill to the Nanaimo refinery fire.
Division Summaries
Training
The Provincial Emergency Programme college in Victoria is used to provide
specialized training to key people from all areas of British Columbia.    In 1977,
two new courses were added to the programme. These are marine rescue and bomb
threat management.  The marine rescue course is an advanced course covering all
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
33
aspects of small boat rescue and search techniques. Bomb threat is concerned with
planning correct procedures to follow should a bomb threat be received or a device
be discovered.
The folowing list is of courses conducted at PEP headquarters in 1977.
Number of Number of
Courses Students
Bomb Threat   1 22
Community Emergency Planning  1 30
Heavy Rescue   1 14
Marine Rescue   3 65
Oil Spill Control  2 48
Search and Rescue, Advanced  4 50
Search and Rescue, Basic  1 13
Search and Rescue, Co-ordination (Auxiliary
Police)   4 51
Techniques of Instruction  3 28
Totals     20 321
We would be remiss if we did not express our appreciation to the RCMP
Bomb Squad and the Canadian Coast Guard for their participation in our training
activities.
Our zone offices were also heavily engaged in training of volunteers in simulated or actual field activities. The following lists indicated this work, relating to
both Provincial and municipal emergency programmes.
Number of Number of
Zones Courses Students
Air Services Courses  4 177
Avalanche Courses   3 93
Casualty Simulation Exercise   1 16
Communications Exercises   2 86
First Aid Course   1 15
Hospital Disaster Exercise  1 208
Marine Rescue Courses  3 43
Oil Spill Exercise  1 75
Orientation Course   1 19
Search and Rescue Courses  2 42
Search and Rescue Exercises  5 101
Survival Courses  3 190
Totals   27 1,065
 34
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Municipalities
Auxiliary Fire Courses	
Auxiliary Police Courses	
Casualty Simulation Course
Communications Course 	
First Aid Courses	
Heavy Rescue Course	
Marine Rescue Courses	
Mountain Rescue Exercises
Oil Spill Courses
Number of
Courses
... 3
... 2
._. 1
... 1
.._ 3
.__ 1
.__ 9
Search and Rescue Courses  10
Survival Course     1
Welfare Course     1
Number of
Students
37
37
15
15
44
11
138
115
33
712
20
10
Totals
33
1,188
In addition to the above, 77 British Columbia candidates attended Emergency
Planning Canada courses at the Federal Study Centre in Arnprior, Ontario.
Emergency Air Service
The air service continues to be the finest support group in Canada. The role
of this group is not only assisting the military in air searches, but frequently serves
as the eyes of ground and sea rescue forces.
Consisting of just over 1,000 volunteer pilots and observers, the air service
has over 200 aircraft in locations throughout British Columbia. Sometimes asked
to fly day after day (one recent search lasted 20 days), these are truly dedicated
people. Without consideration for the endless hours spent in flight training, pilots
and spotters put in thousands of hours in over 60 individual tasks.
The air service looks forward to continuing its support role, co-operating with
the military for the common purpose of preserving life.
Training exercises were conducted during the year in all six zones in
conjunction with the military, with the object of improving the knowledge and skill
of pilots and spotters who may be involved in search tasks. The co-operation,
training, and encouragement provided by the military has been outstanding and has
done much to assist us in having an air service of which we can be proud. Its like
does not exist anywhere else in Canada.
Marine Service
The marine service, which began in 1972, has continued its rapid growth.
The increased leisure-time enjoyed by the public has vastly increased the number
of British Columbians taking part in marine activities. Thus marine rescue incidents
are growing in number at an alarming rate. In 1977 we neared the 300 mark for
rescues completed.
In answer to public demand, volunteer units have been established at many
points, with particular need being indicated at Prince Rupert, Nanaimo, Port
Hardy, Vancouver, the Sunshine Coast, Oak Bay, and Esquimalt.
During the year, four advanced marine rescue courses were conducted thus
providing a nucleus of 80 well-trained volunteers.
Working in areas not covered by the Coast Guard, the volunteer marine
rescue groups are unselfishly providing a service which is saving the lives and
property of British Columbians and others sailing our waterways.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
35
Communications
In the field of emergency communications there are two almost distinct aspects.
(a)  Systems  which  involve  a  multitude  of inter-connected  facilities
covering long distances and/or large areas.
(_.)  Tactical communications,  such  as those required in controlling
ground search and rescue operations, involving the use of a few
portable and mobile transceivers.
The potential to improve the planning relative to the emergency use of the
systems in (a) has been greatly improved this year by the formation of the Regional
Emergency Telecommunications Committee (RETC). This committee consists of
representatives from the Federal and Provincial Governments and from the commercial communications industry.
At the present time, the Provincial Emergency Programme, as part of RETC
is working on the following
(1) A communications resource inventory which will eventually identify
all the systems, including amateur radio, which can be used in an
emergency.
(2) Line Load Control and priority restoration on telephone systems to
ensure service to essential users.
(3) Emergency Warning Systems, with particular reference to tsunami
warnings.
(4) An emergency telephone service which will enable facilities, including mobile radio telephone "packages" to be made available at very
short notice in an emergency.
Oil and Hazardous Material Spills
The Provincial Emergency Programme continued the role of co-ordinating
response to spill situations.
The 24-hour reporting system provides ready channelling functions for all
concerned Federal and Provincial agencies. The established network of programme
offices and co-ordinators makes such communications and assessment by this organ
ization viable.
Our training section is offering oil spill training courses to key persons from
municipalities and industry. A beginning this year saw two courses conducted and
48 candidates trained in field level response techniques.
Provincial Emergency Programme personnel are also in active liaison with
Federal, Provincial, and other governments to upgrade everyone in the state of the
art. This same rapport is evident in contacts with the private sector.
Emergency Health and Welfare
These services are under review with the Emergency Health Services Commission.
During the year, the programme conducted or participated in numerous
hospital disaster exercises. These exercises involved countless manhours of Provincial Emergency Programme staff and volunteers.
Search and Rescue Service
The people of British Columbia are taking an ever-increasing enjoyment from
our natural areas. This has resulted in an increase in the number of searches
required. Searches this year have ranged from two men and a tracking dog seeking
a lost hunter to 200 men and the attendant support vehicles searching for a downed
aircraft.   Literally thousands of man-hours were spent on more than 200 searches.
 36
BRITISH COLUMBIA
We have found good results and much interest through the increased use of
tracking dogs and spotting aircraft.
Auxiliary Police
The Auxiliary Reserve Police forces have grown, since 1962, from approximately 100 persons to today's strength (Municipal and Provincial), of approximately
1,600 members. Initially, they served as a purely emergency organization; however,
they are now involved in all phases of rescue operations, including marine rescue
and land searches. The Provincial Emergency Programme has made possible their
training in these varied fields.
The obvious value of the auxiliary police is evident when it is considered that
all municipalities in the Province, excepting Nelson, are now included in the programme. Regular police departments are coming to depend more and more on
auxiliary forces as an adjunct to their regular strength. This increase in dependency
has given rise to an increase in requests for a greater variety of equipment and
direct reimbursement to auxiliary police for out-of-pocket expenses related to their
service with the departments.
Certain municipal departments permit their auxiliary reserve police, after
undergoing proficiency training in small arms, to carry firearms while on duty.
A further note of interest, as of October 1976, authority was granted for the
police to generally commence recruiting women into their auxiliary organization.
It is gratifying to note that, as of this date, there are approximately 50 women
serving.
In summary, 1977 was a busy year for the staff and volunteers of the Provincial Emergency Programme. Over 850 tasks were completed. These ranged from
air searches to oil spills and other miscellaneous aid to the public. The cost
involved in these tasks was approximately $750,000, a small sum when weighed
against the lives saved and property protected.
The 39 regular employees and 123 full- of part-time municipal employees
continue to enjoy the support and co-operation of the public. We look forward
to restructuring and a continuing programme of adjusting to the needs of the times
and the people of British Columbia.
RESOURCE MUSEUMS
Craigflower Schoolhouse
Craigflower School, Western Canada's oldest, is located a few miles from
downtown Victoria on the Gorge waterway.
The school was acquired by the Provincial Government late in 1973 and has
proved extremely popular, particularly with school groups interested in seeing what
conditions were like over a century ago.
Work on the initial phase of a restoration program continued during the year.
A joint Federal/Provincial project will commence during 1978 which will see the
schoolhouse restored to its period of operation in the 1870s. The entire program
will be co-ordinated through a recently established Advisory Committee made up
of members of the Native Sons and Daughters, and representatives of the Ministry.
British Columbia Forest Museum
The ongoing development of this important museum, established by Gerald E.
Wellburn in 1954 and acquired by the Provincial Government in 1973, continued
during the past year. The museum boasts one of the finest collections of operational
vintage forestry equipment in North America, acquired over the years by donation
or purchase.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
37
The educational program, designed for younger school-children, continued to
be very popular.
The museum's many features include the ancient logging steam locomotives
which carry visitors over narrow-gauge track through 25 acres of heavily wooded
area, and over a long lakeshore trestle to view a magnificent variety of rolling-stock,
early carriages, automobiles, trucks, and forest industry equipment used decades
ago. A logging museum building which stands on the site of the area's first combination church, town hall, and school, built in 1863, houses hundreds of exhibits,
historic photographs, heritage objects, and displays. Over 25 different species of
trees, including Douglas-firs over 350 years old, can be viewed by visitors who can
witness various stages in forest growth and management.
During 1977 a further 50 acres were added to the complex by the acquisition
of the area known as Windeyer Farm which will be used to broaden the scope of
the Forest Museum. Also during the year, work was completed on the new
entrance and 82-space parking area and the new administrative building became
functional.
A winter works program commenced in September to ensure proper maintenance and repairs to the rail bridge and tracks, also various trail and museum signs
were renewed.
A Captain Cook display was a feature at the museum during the year and work
continued on a new pit saw demonstration exhibit.
British Columbia Transportation Museum
The British Columbia Transportation Museum was initiated in 1974 when the
widow of the late Aubrey King donated a collection of over 20 vintage trucks for
preservation and restoration. Since that time, through purchase, donation, and
long-term loan, the collection has increased to over 55 vehicles. The inventory of
parts and vintage equipment used in the transportation industry also continues to
increase.
During 1977 the staff of mechanics continued their program of restoration
and general repairs to put the vehicles in first-class running condition. A number
of the vehicles was entered in the Sea Festival parade during July and local parades
throughout the Greater Vancouver area.
The museum, located at 2971 Viking Way, Richmond, is attracting a growing
number of visitors and grade school tours.
CAPTAIN COOK BI-CENTENNIAL
The Captain Cook Bi-Centennial Commemoration Act, passed by the Legislature, and given Royal Assent on July 4, cleared the way for preparations for the
bi-centennial events to be held in 1978.
The British Columbia Captain Cook Bi-Centennial Committee was appointed
under the Act, comprising The Honourable Grace McCarthy, Chairman; The
Honourable Sam Bawlf; The Honourable Pat McGeer; Frank Calder, M.L.A.;
Rear-Admiral M. A. Martin, CD.; W. R. Currie; Gerald H. Cross; M. H. Smith;
Commander M. F. Macintosh; J. Plul; D. Brown; Dan Campbell; A. R. Turner;
H. J. Price; Tom Fielding; E. C. Sweeney, Executive Director.
One of the first projects undertaken was a search for a suitable individual to
represent Captain Cook at commemorative events. Vancouver actor, Kelvin
Andrew, himself born in Whitby, England, where Captain Cook began his seagoing career, was chosen after a careful review of the 247 applicants.   Resplendent
 38 BRITISH COLUMBIA
in powdered wig and period uniform tailored in England, he made his first official
appearance in the Grey Cup Parade in Montreal, on November 26.
As the year ended, a small staff had been employed to administer the plans
approved by the committee, and preparations were well in hand for an exciting
year commemorating the 200th anniversary of the visit to Resolution Cove by
Captain James Cook.
BRITISH COLUMBIA HOUSE, LONDON
During 1977, British Columbia House saw one of its busiest 12-month periods
in its 105-year history. This activity was partially brought about because of the
added festivities of the Queen's Silver Jubilee. Thousands of Canadians travelled
to London for the royal celebrations and many signed the visitors book at No. 1
Regent Street.
Robert M. Strachan who was appointed Agent-General in October 1975
returned to British Columbia in the fall to be succeeded by newly appointed Agent-
General, L. J. Wallace, who had held the post of Deputy Provincial Secretary for
19 years. Lawrie Wallace is the 17th Agent-General appointed since the Province
joined Confederation.
The highlight of the jubilee year was the September visit of Premier W. R.
Bennett and his Economic Trade Mission to the U.K. and Europe. The fact-finding
mission included two Provincial Cabinet Ministers, the Honourable Evan Wolfe,
Viscount Amory, formerly United Kingdom High Commissioner in Canada and
Governor of the Hudson's Bay Co., meets Premier Bennett, with Agent-General and Mrs.
L. J. Wallace, at B.C. House.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
39
Minister of Finance, and the Honourable Don Phillips, Economic Development
Minister. Senior members of Government accompanied the Premier and his two
Cabinet Ministers.
The mission held meetings in London, Brussels, Frankfurt, Bonn, Geneva, and
Paris.
The aim of the fact-finding tour was to inform financial, business, and industrial
leaders in Europe of British Columbia's position on foreign investment, resource
taxation, technology exchange, resource upgrading, and long-term resource supply.
The mission invited participation of European investment capital and technology
in the development of the Province's economy and encouraged increased trade
between British Columbia and Europe.
British Columbia House welcomed the news that one of Britain's largest
companies, British Petroleum, was investing $30 million in the British Columbia
coal industry. The move is part of B.B.'s diversification away from direct oil interests. Like other international oil companies, B.P. is moving into coal to expand
its energy base.
Tourism continues to play an important role at B.C. House. Travel between
the U.K. and Europe to British Columbia increased substantially in 1977. Under
the direction of the Honourable Grace McCarthy and her staff the Ministry of
Travel Industry participated in a number of joint travel promotions with other
Provinces and the Canadian Government Office of Tourism in the United Kingdom
and Europe as well as with Air Canada and CP Air.
This year saw the appointment of a new Travel Director at B.C. House. Jim
Willis worked for several years in the Los Angeles B.C. Tourist Office. Mr. Willis
brings many years of experience in this position of promoting travel from Europe
to British Columbia.
The film library continues to receive many requests for films on British
Columbia. Travel agencies and schools along with B.C. House's own promotional
program make up the greatest demand for viewing films on our Province. The
Royal Commonwealth Institute is becoming more aware of the availability of British
Columbia films and planning is presently under way for a two-week Promotional
Exhibition on British Columbia, to be held in June of 1978.
A new film projector has been installed and a complete refurbishing of the
film room has been completed. All films in B.C. House will be updated early in
1978, providing a greater opportunity for promotional projects.
The Canada/U.K. Chamber of Commerce along with many Canadian-based
firms in the United Kingdom continue to hold meetings in the board room in B.C.
House. This facility is provided free of charge and does a great deal to enhance
U.K.-British Columbia relationships.
The monthly Newsletter has been expanded to six pages and continues to
enjoy widespread circulation. It is distributed free of charge throughout the United
Kingdom and Europe to businesses, financial organizations, and individuals with
an interest in the Province, and endeavours to keep them abreast of the latest
industrial, financial, tourism, and social development taking place in British
Columbia.
A well-known and well-liked public servant, Al Blair, completed his three-
year term at B.C. House as Immigration Counsellor. He returned to British
Columbia in July. His replacement is a young, energetic lady from Kamloops,
Miss Eva Novak, whose hobby is photography, including developing and printing,
which will be a great asset to the versatile staff at B.C. House.
 40 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Another staff addition at B.C. House was appointed in May. Lance Howey,
a long-time Federal Civil Servant, took up the post of European Economic Adviser
to the Government of British Columbia.
The 106-foot flagpole that the British Columbia Government gave to Britain
in 1951 (Festival Year in Britain), was re-erected permanently in April on the
south bank of the Thames River. The first flag to fly from the pole was the B.C.
Provincial flag.
Several of the B.C. House staff attended the annual memorial service for
Captain George Vancouver, R.N., on Sunday, May 15. This year's service, as
always, was held at the Parish Church of St. Peter in Petersham, near Richmond,
Surrey. Captain Vancouver who sailed to Resolution Cove as a midshipman with
Captain Cook in 1778, and returned as a captain to explore and survey the coast
of British Columbia in 1792, was buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's in May
1798. There has been a close association perpetuated between B.C. House and the
local parish.
The Honourable Grace McCarthy, Deputy Premier, Provincial Secretary and
Minister of Travel Industry, visited B.C. House in November of this year. Mrs.
McCarthy had represented the Government at the American Society of Travel
Agents Convention in Madrid and stopped off in London for four days to see the
Agent-General and familiarized herself with B.C. House, which comes under her
jurisdiction. Mrs. McCarthy, while in London, talked to business people with
overseas associations, and also libraries and museums in connection with the
Captain Cook bicentennial being celebrated in the Province in 1978.
Several receptions were held at B.C. House in 1977. These get-togethers
for British Columbians abroad included football and rugger clubs, B.C. Construction Association, Trade Mission, B.C. Students in Britain, B.C. University graduates
abroad, Port Authority Trade Mission, and several other groups with a British
Columbia connection.
Members of the B.C. House staff co-operated with the British Broadcasting
Corporation in providing assistance and information in the making of a feature-
length film on British Columbia entitled The Lumberjack. This film was shown
on the British television series "The World About Us," to an audience in excess of
10 million viewers. Two more productions on British Columbia will be seen in
1978.
During the year several Government cabinet ministers visited London and
B.C. House. The Honourable Dr. Pat McGeer, Minister of Education and President of the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, also travelled to Milton
Keynes to view Britain's Open University Centre.
Cabinet ministers The Honourable Hugh Curtis and The Honourable Alan
Williams, along with Speaker Ed Smith and MLAs Elwood Veitch, Steven Rogers,
and Gerry Strongman had business in London in 1977 and visited B.C. House and
the Agent-General.
B.C. House has the best address in London, No. 1 Regent Street. Its location
is a few minutes' walk from Piccadilly Circus, Trafalgar Square, and Leicester
Square. Many visitors use No. 1 Regent Street for receiving their mail while in the
United Kingdom. A reading-room provides newspapers and magazines from all
over the Province for those away from home. This office has an open-door policy
for all who wish to use it. It is a vital link between the U.K., Europe, and British
Columbia.
At year's end, the Agent-General, L. J. Wallace, paid special tribute to the
hard-working, efficient staff at B.C. -House and he had great praise for the capable
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
41
maintenance crew that continually keep this important landmark and heritage building in excellent condition at all times.
INDIAN ADVISORY BRANCH
The Indian Advisory Branch is involved with status and non-status Indian
communities, groups, and individuals, to assist them in the process of self-determination and self-development. The involvement includes the administration of the
First Citizens' Fund, which provides financial assistance for Indian community
projects and programs.
The general philosophy of the fund is based on the idea that community
development is a natural outcome of certain activities. It is not something one
does, but what happens as a result of what one does. Accordingly the major
objective of the fund is to assist the leadership of communities to move progressively ahead and take charge of their own affairs. Leaders are encouraged to review
their needs, examine their requirements, analyse their problems, and define their
priorities.
The First Citizens' Fund Advisory Committee evaluates all applications for
assistance directed to the fund, which was established under the Revenue Surplus
Appropriation Act, 1969, "to help expand and contribute support to projects
involved with the advancement and expansion of the culture, education, economic
development, and position of persons of the North American Indian race who were
born in and are residents of the Province of British Columbia."
The Advisory Committee consists of nine members representing various areas
of the Province.   Members during 1977 were
Mrs. Theresa Miller, Vancouver.
Mrs. Pearle Pearson, Skidegate.
Mrs. Rose Charlie, Vancouver.
Ms. Alice Jeffrey, Hazelton.
Eric Gilbert, Williams Lake.
Chief Peter George, Fort Fraser.
Ken Manuel, Kamloops.
Stewart Phillip, Penticton.
Joe Pierre, Vancouver.
The Advisory Committee held eight meetings during 1977 to assess numerous
applications for financial assistance for projects and programs initiated by Indian
communities, organizations, and individuals. They resulted in 211 recommendations being directed to and approved by the Provincial Secretary, with a total of
$1,863,132 in grants being allocated.
The following table shows a breakdown of the grants recommended at the
committee meetings during 1977. The number of approved requests is shown in
brackets.
Meeting
Number
Economic
Development
Education
Culture
Communications, Social
Services
Community
Centres
Recreation
Total
Totals..
75,000 (1)|
20,000 (2)|
I
$
13,054
4,500
37,844
3,119
2,790
35,546
3,662(1)| 36,100   (1)| 22,815
45,730 (2)| 24,138   (4)[ 28,500
3,000 (1)|
1,495 (1)|
(3)
(2)
(4)|
(2)|
(DI
(3)
$
6,415
63,145
26,855
18,036
4,059
21,900
(DI	
(5)| 9,000 (3)
(4)| 65,602 (7)
(2)| 26,446 (4)
(2)| 61,540 (3)
(5)1152,012(13)
(2)[ 89,700 (5)
(4)| 93,904 (6)
148,887 (8)|157,091 (20)|191,725 (25)|498,204 (41)
 I        I        I
$
25,000
34,673
75,000
25,000
61,700
20,000
62,200
19,218
(1)| 38,624
(3)| 23,800
(3)| 25,258
(1)| 62,698
(2)| 4,800
(1)| 92,912
(3)| 42,056
(3)|254,286
(13)
(9)
(6)
(15)1
(3)1
(23)|
(6)|
(25)|
$
158,093
155,118
230,559
138,299
136,384
322,370
256,533
465,776
(19)
(24)
(24)
(25)
(12)
(45)
(18)
(44)
322,791 (17)|544,434 (100)11,863,132
 I I
(211)
 42
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The presentation and exhibition of Native Indian culture is of utmost importance to the native people and the First Citizens' Fund Advisory Committee has
encouraged the development of programs that involve the Native Indian people of
British Columbia pertaining to languages, customs, legends, histories, and literature.
These programs enable them to enhance their identity and sense of self-worth and
also help to develop the cultural content of their heritage.
The young Indian people are very active in the field of sports and the First
Citizens' Fund continues supporting the various Bands in organizing, developing,
and implementing sports programs at the community level.
The general philosophy of the First Citizens' Fund is to help the Indian people
help themselves. It has been the aim of the Advisory Committee to encourage and
stimulate Indian participation by helping finance various projects through shared-
cost arrangements whenever possible. The most important feature of the fund is
that all projects and programs are initiated and controlled by the Indian people and
could not have evolved without assistance from the First Citizens' Fund.
LOTTERIES BRANCH
Nine instant millionaires were created in British Columbia in the year's
operation of the Provincial Lottery.
In addition, 40 British Columbia residents received over $4,000,000 in major
prize money from the Western Express Lotteries.
The Minister presents a million-dollar cheque to five happy men from the Vancouver
area. From left, Paul Spellicy, Tim Bullinger, David Heard, Lorenzo Lepore, and Richard
Unrau.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
43
The proceeds, amounting to $13,066,850, from the operation of the Western
and the Provincial Lotteries were deposited to the Lotteries Fund. Grants from this
fund, amounting to $400,000, were made to the Physical Fitness and Amateur Sports
Fund, $1,002,900 to the Cultural Fund, and $300,000 to the Special Events Fund.
Nonprofit distributors throughout the Province earned over $4,667,306 for
worth-while community projects.
Many of these projects commenced in 1975 and 1976 came to fruition during
1977, notably, rehabilitation of retarded and handicapped children and adults;
summer camps for underprivileged children; uniforms and musical instruments for
bands; senior citizens and low-cost housing; operation and maintenance of community recreational facilities; purchase, maintenance, and operation of specialized
buses for handicapped persons; operation of parochial schools; and a community
symphony orchestra.
During the year, 2,485 retail outlets and sellers were added to the growing sales
force.
The Government of Canada contributed $347,775 during 1977 representing
12.5 per cent of the net proceeds from the sales of Loto Canada tickets in British
Columbia.
Another major area of responsibility is the licensing of organizations wishing
to conduct fund raising activities covered under the Lotteries Act. In 1977, 2,755
applications were received, and 2,692 licences were granted. They included 820
bingo lotteries, 1,327 ticket lotteries, 468 casinos, 30 concessionaires, 40 social
clubs, and 7 agricultural fairs and exhibitions.
Total revenue raised by the organizations by these methods amounted to
$31,315,494, of which $9,448,247.29 was profit used for charitable purposes.
Licence fees collected by the Branch totalled $217,681.98.
In October, the firm of Thorne Riddell was engaged to conduct a study into
the operation of the Lotteries Branch to improve over-all efficiency, simplify lottery
licensing procedures, and at the same time provide a greater measure of control of
all lottery and social gambling activities. Many of the recommendations are being
implemented.
The Lotteries Branch again wishes to thank all of the volunteers who contributed much of their time to make lotteries a success in 1977.
INFORMATION SERVICES
Provincial Enquiry Centre
During its second year of operation, the Provincial Enquiry Centre, continued
to be of assistance to the public.
The Telephone Enquiry Services is generally used by Greater Vancouver
residents needing information on Governmental services and programs.
The competent staff of four counsellors, handled an average of 4,500 calls per
month, successfully directing the public to the various ministries and completing
information inquiries.
We are continuing to update our information files on a daily basis, thus ensuring efficient and accurate service to the public.
Distribution of Government Publications
Progress was made toward the establishment of an office to provide a centralized distribution system for all Government publications, through the employment
of a consultant to lay the groundwork for this important new program.
 44
BRITISH COLUMBIA
By year's end, a comprehensive report on the operation of the office was ready
for circulation to all ministries. After consideration of responses, the final structure
and operating guidelines will be prepared.
It is expected that the new program will go into operation in 1978.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
The year 1977 at the Provincial Museum was marked by some memorable
changes and events. A major step in the museum's progress was the opening of
the Indian Galleries on January 17. A thousand people jammed the museum foyer
as opening ceremonies included works from Bill Reid, Chief Thom Hunt, Chief
James King, the Honourable Grace McCarthy, and finally, with the actual opening
ceremony, Premier W. R. Bennett.
Important staff changes characterized the year. After three years the museum
again has an assistant to Director R. Yorke Edwards. He is William D. Barkley,
who came from Environment Canada in June. The chair of the Curator of Botany,
a senior position vacant for over a year, was filled in August by Dr. Robert T.
Ogilvie, who came from the University of Calgary. Our great loss was Philip
Ward, Chief Conservator, who joined Ottawa's Canadian Conservation Institute
(CCI) to take a senior post. Others departing were Kay Allan, Microscopist in
Conservation; Lloyd Cook, a Senior Designer; Ann Krahn, Senior Conservator
joining the CCI; Martin Segger, a specialist in museum training for community
museums; and Mrs. Emma Hunt, an educator beloved by children and widely
known for her success in teaching about Indian cultures. Departing skills leave
behind a growing tradition of excellence and accomplishment while those arriving
now have the opportunity to improve their museum.
An impressive mask depicting Komokwa, a legendary spirit of the sea, was presented
to Premier Bill Bennett as he officially opened the new first peoples gallery at the Provincial Museum in Victoria. Making the presentation were Chief Thomas Hunt, left, of
Fort Rupert, and Chief James King of Gilford Island.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
45
There were a number of noteworthy study trips. Botany collected extensively in
the unglaciated mountains west of Osoyoos. Ethnology conducted prolonged
studies in Alert Bay and did some educational work teaching people the fundamentals of their ancestral art forms. Vertebrate Zoology conducted a detailed
census of seabird colonies on the north of Vancouver Island. History continued
studies of the town of Armstrong. Finally, a mixed crew visited six sites of old
and famous Haida villages on the Queen Charlotte Islands, noting the condition of
totem pole and house remains, and determining some conservation measures for
prolonging the evidence of these once great communities.
Emma Hunt, Museum Teacher, who retired in 1977.
 46 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Newcombe Auditorium was, for the first time, used almost exclusively for
museum or museum-like functions, beginning an experiment to increase the theatre's
effectiveness as a voice of the museum speaking to people. Through the summer
it was lively with daily performances, Four Season's Musical Theatre presenting one
of three shows on most nights through the summer, and Kaleidoscope Theatre Productions presenting their specially created show "Steam" several times daily. These
and other successes were encouraging, but clearly there is much to learn as we
pioneer in a new field of museum education and entertainment.
Two major titles were added to the museum's growing list of books: Archaeological Data Recording Guide" by T. Loy and G. R. Powell, which is a sort of
technical word atlas for use with computers; and The Dragonflies of British Columbia
from a manuscript and illustrations generously donated to the museum by R. A.
Cannings and K. M. Stuart. We estimate that this museum through the years has
now published about a third of a million books, most of them now in the homes of
British Columbia.
The Museum Train ran for its third summer tour, this time carrying its story
of steam on the history of British Columbia to the south-central part of the Province. A fourth summer will complete its coverage of British Columbia. In the
spring the exhibit coaches of the Museum Train were part of a train used to promote
tourism in California, Oregon, and Washington.
Community museum people throughout the Province rejoiced when, for the
first time, each museum was eligible for a Provincial grant for specified projects.
The Provincial Museum co-operated, in an advisory capacity, with the Deputy
Provincial Secretary in initiating and operating this program, using the incomparable
knowledge of the Province's museums accumulated by the Museums Adviser.
Annual reports touch mostly on highlights, but in doing so it is easy to lose the
museum in its parts. Some general comment is in order. Considering all communication methods used, the museum now touches about two million people each year.
Most of these know the museum only as a building with exciting exhibits, but many
more are reached through the museum's numerous publications, through travelling
exhibits to community museums, through teaching kits touring school districts,
through lecturing curators, and in a number of other ways. The museum audience
is varied, ranging from scientists reading our papers, to the casual tourist enjoying
flowers in the museum's unique gardens of native wild plants.
The museum is now known around the world for its accomplishments, and
every few months we receive a visiting study group sent to observe our methods.
They have heard of us from afar. We are not quite sure why we stand out, but
clearly part of the formula is a skilled and productive staff working in a stimulating
environment. A museum is, by definition, a collection; but what it knows and
what it communicates of what it knows, depend on people and the quality of what
they do.   And every museum is as good as its people.
Division Summaries
Archaeology
Douglas N. Abbott, Curator
The opening of the Archaeology Gallery, titled The 12,000 Year Gap, climaxed
but did not end the division's concentration on display; the preparation of travelling
exhibits continues.   The first of these, on rock art, was completed in October.
The increasing importance within the division of extension services—displays,
lectures, demonstrations, audio-visual presentations, development of educational
kits, co-operation with other institutions and Indian bands, answering inquiries and
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
47
providing assistance in research—led to the formation of an Extension Services
Section within the division. The result is a simplification of the organization into
three sections; Collections Management, Environmental, and Extension Services.
Research activities in 1977 included several minor and three major field
projects; the latter at Hesquiat, Maple Bank, and in the Alaska Highway-Muncho
Lake area.
The division also assisted other institutions in a variety of projects, including
underwater archaeology; a study of rock art near Lillooet by Cariboo College;
recovery of mammoth bones, and casting dinosaur footprints near the new Peace
River dam-site; consolidation and recovery of a midden at Namu for the Simon
Fraser University Museum; petroglyph casting for the Makah Tribe near Ozette,
Washington; a course in casting for an Alaskan native group; and research studies
for the Victoria Art Gallery, the Saanich Indian School Board, the Provincial Parks
Branch, and a major publishing house.
We were host to two conferences in 1977: The Northwest Anthropological
Conference (jointly with other Divisions of the Museum, the Provincial Archaeologist's Office, and the University of Victoria) and the Canadian Book Art Research Associate's Conference.
Birds and Mammals
Charles J. Guiguet, Curator
Activity in the division in 1977 was highlighted by continued field work on the
inventory of nesting sea-birds initiated four years ago. With summer students
provided by the Ministry of Labour and the Fish and Wildlife Branch and funding
by Ecological Reserves, Parks Canada, and the Canadian Wildlife Service, the final
phase of the program, the Queen Charlotte Islands, was completed. Faunistic
surveys were also carried out in the Gulf Islands as were nesting studies on Herring
Gulls in the central and northern Interior. Other field activities included collecting
specimens, for the permanent Natural History displays now under construction for
research collections, education and extension programs, exchange material and the
Cook bicentennial exhibits. More than 600 study specimens, skins, osteological
and herpetological material, and 145 specimens—several of them large marine
mammals—were prepared.
Data processing continued with some 100,000 records card-indexed and entered into a quick-retrieval system. This work was intensified during the summer
with the aid of summer students and volunteers.
During the year the associate curator, in co-operation with the museum's
Education and Extension Services took part in 68 lectures, television shows, and
radio programs.
Queries from the public, other Government agencies, environmental consultants, and other professionals seeking information relative to higher vertebrates,
were handled by correspondence, in person or on the telephone by senior staff
members.
Botany
Robert T. Ogilvie, Curator
The foundation of the division is the Herbarium—the reference collection of
plants, from which studies on British Columbia flora are done, and from which
information is derived for extension and display. The vascular plant collection now
contains 86,000 specimens, and the cryptogamic collection—mosses, liverworts,
and lichens—3,700 specimens. The latter was started by the late assistant curator,
 48 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Dr. C. C. Chuang, whose untimely death in November 1976 was a grave loss to
the museum.
Field research was carried out in the southern Similkameen Drainage. Research on specific plant groups was continued on water plants, mosses and lichens,
and initiated on the grasses. Research on the aster family has been continued by
Dr. and Mrs. G. Douglas. Ten new species were added to the flora of the Province.
Dr. Nancy Turner's Handbook, Food Plants of British Columbia Indians,
Part 2—Interior Peoples, is in press, and a manuscript for Part 3—Plants in British
Columbia Technology is complete. Dr. T. M. C. Taylor has completed work on
four handbooks; the text and illustrations for the mustard and the sedge families
are finished, and the texts are being finalized for the pink and borage families.
Progress has been made in the planning and layout of the Coast Forest and
Seashore Exhibit for the Natural History display. The Native Plant Garden, the
living display of plants of the Province in Heritage Court, has been maintained and
renewed with the expert assistance of V. W. Ahier.
Entomology
Robert H. Carcasson, Curator
The curator continued his studies on the affinities of Eurasian and western
North American Lepidoptera. All the Microlepidoptera, amounting to some 6,000
specimens, were sorted and housed in new drawers. Work also continued on the
collection Diptera. A handbook on the moths of British Columbia is being prepared. The planning of natural history displays in consultation with other curators
continues. The curator, while on leave in Central America, made a collection of
Lepidoptera which will be of value for comparison.
A new system of indexing specimens of Arachnidae was introduced, enabling
up-to-date assessment of the division's collections. Extensive collections of soil
mites of the Pacific Northwest were exchanged with the State University of New
York and collections of soil mites were received from several institutions in North
America and overseas. The division's survey of the Pacific soil fauna will be considerably assisted by the acquisition of 50 new soil extractors. Some collections of
soil fauna were made on Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland of British
Columbia, but more extensive field work was seriously curtailed by travel restrictions.
Ethnology
Peter L. Macnair, Curator
Highlight of the year was the opening of the permanent Indian History exhibit
in January. The ethnology section, entitled "First Peoples," displays more than 800
objects relating to the material culture of British Columbia Indians.
The focal point of the display is the full-size Kwakiutl house of the late Jonathan Hunt, Chief Kwakwabalasami, of Fort Rupert. Constructed by his son, Henry
Hunt, and grandsons, Tony and Richard Hunt, it features a number of privileges
that reflect the Hunt family history. These are seen in the house-front painting,
carved totem poles, painted dance screen and chief's settees, long drum and cannibal bird masks. Appropriate songs, owned by the family, are heard at intervals.
The house is a major tribute to the memory of an important Kwakiutl chief, and
to his descendants.
Considerable field work was accomplished by the division, working mainly
with Kwakiutl, Tahltan, Carrier, Chilcotin, and Thompson. The division also
co-operated in recording a memorial potlatch held in Alert Bay for the late Mrs.
Alice Smith of Kalokwis Village.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
49
Interior of Chief Kwakwabalasami's (Jonathan Hunt) house
in the First Peoples gallery (BCPM photo).
A number of temporary and travelling exhibits were assembled during the
year. Nearly all the museum's Chilcotin baskets were displayed in the Friends of
the Provincial Museum Gallery. An audio-visual presentation was also prepaied
to accompany this exhibit. The Legacy, an exhibit of contemporary British Columbian Indian Art, completed its cross-country tour in the Maritimes this spring. In
the fall an exhibit of Carrier and Chilcotin photographs illustrating traditional
lifeways was sent on tour of the area occupied by those tribes. A sound track in
both Carrier and Chilcotin languages, prepared by native speakers, accompanied
the display.
A significant collection of masks, rattles, and other carvings was created in the
Thunderbird Park carving program. Most important were two massive memorial
carvings to be erected in the spring in Alert Bay.
Linguistics
Barbara S. Efrat, Curator
In October the division sponsored the annual meeting of the Western Conference on Linguistics, at which linguists from western Canada and the United States
gave papers.
To augment our collection of taped, transcribed, and translated native
language data, the division contracted with several researchers for work on Babine,
Kaska, Tahltan, Nitinaht, Bella Coola, and the Ahousat Dialect of Nootkan. Individual research topics in Northern Nootka, Nitinaht, and Southern Kwakiutl, were
pursued by the staff.
Work continued on a permant linguistics display. Copy for a small temporary
exhibit scheduled for 1978 was also completed.
 50 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Among the papers prepared for publication by the associate curator were
"Haida and Na-Dene; A New Look at the Evidence" and "Kwakwala" (to appear
in the Native Text Series of the International Journal of American Linguistics).
Marine Biology
Alex E. Peden, Curator
This was a year of assessment for the division. Estimates of our resources
indicate that about 4,000 collections of catalogued invertebrates with an average of
about six species per collection. Fish collections exceeded 30,000 specimens
exclusive of larval fishes. The large McTaggart-Cowan shell collection arrived but
remains uncatalogued. Three major loans of fishes and six of invertebrates were
made during the year. However, 16 loans of fish collections and another 16 of
invertebrates from previous years are still outstanding from researchers as far
away as Japan and the southern United States. The division borrowed fish and
invertebrates from the Smithsonian Institutions, National Museum of Canada, California Academy of Sciences and several smaller institutions. Since the curator's
research on Lycodapus was finished, these outstanding loans—some of seven years
—were returned.
Reprints of the division's publications became available during the year and
104 international researchers, who exchange fish reprints, received one or all of
our five publications.   Several articles were written for popular periodicals.
The six-year involvement of the division in a marine public display continued.
Major collecting expeditions were made to Queen Charlotte Strait and a survey of
endangered fish species in the Kettle River was undertaken.
The associate curator prepared asteroid papers (in press), and is currently
working on a handbook on starfish.
In his role as museum representative to the Association of Systematics Collections, the curator devoted considerable effort toward standardization in curating
biological collections.
Two new technicians joined the staff and bore the burden of accessioning
uncatalogued material and operating the division's new aquarium.
Modern History
Daniel T. Gallacher, Curator
The Modern History Division collects, preserves, and interprets materials and
information pertaining to human activity in British Columbia. As in previous years,
a highlight of 1977 was the operation of the Museum Train in the Nicola, Okanagan,
and South Thompson areas where the train completed its third season touring the
Province. More than 92,000 visitors saw the train this year. In addition, three
coaches of the Museum Train, carrying the Age of Steam exhibit, were added to the
Royal Hudson train that made a Royal Jubilee tour to Washington, Oregon, and
California. More than 75,000 people saw this display. Over 300,000 have now
visited the Museum Train in three years.
Curators and technicians added significantly to the permanent collections in
1977, with materials representing Canadian silversmiths, industrial equipment—
especially hand tools—fine English china, mountaineerng devices, and transportation
models.
Considerable effort was made to improve storage and workspace in both the
curatorial tower and the View Street warehouse, where the bulk of the division's
collections are stored. The third floor entry gallery was revised and strengthened
by the addition of scores of commonplace objects from the period 1920s-1970s,
and the installation of two "Recent Acquisitions" showcases.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
51
Research was continued into the Province's coal industry, transportation history, costumes and textiles, and silversmiths. The division was also involved in
researching and preparing materials for two displays to commemorate the bicentennial of Captain James Cook's landing at Nootka.
Several lectures and a training seminar were given during 1977, and the
curator read papers on Collections' Development at the annual meetings of both the
Canadian Museums Association (Calgary) and the British Columbia Museums
Association (Kelowna).
Conservation
Richard Renshaw-Beauchamp, Acting Chief
The year started with a last-minute drive to complete the anthropology display
and is closing with us cleaning it, case by case, every morning. Otherwise routine
conservation of the collections continues. Three months were expended on the
K'o ssu Tapestries now on display at the Victoria Art Gallery. Two conservators
visited nine small museums on the Lower Mainland to give practical advice and help.
Seven papers were presented to professional conferences. Two seminars were
given, one in Whitehorse for the British Columbia Museums Association and one at
Abbotsford for the Museums Adviser. Four talks were also given to local historical
societies.  These activities have involved about 40 small museums.
Reports on petroglyph and pictograph protection and conservation at Thorson
Creek, Petroglyph Park, the Similkameen Valley, McMurphy, Naramata, and Big
Bar Creek on the Fraser, were prepared for the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board.
Conservation assistance on preservation of totem and mortuary poles, a big house,
petroglyph and pictograph sites and original long-house timbers, was provided for
Kingcome Inlet, Alert Bay, Chemainus, lower Keremeos, and Quamichan bands
and reports sent to the band managers.
Research projects included The Safety of Naugahide as a Display Material,
The Colouration of Abalone Shell, and Differences in Microstructure between Native
and European Copper Artifacts.
Display
Jean J. Andre, Chief
The high point of the year came in January when the Archaeology-Ethnology
Exhibit was opened to the public. Devoted to the First Peoples of the Province,
this completes the history of man in British Columbia. By February the Anthropology Temporary Exhibits Gallery funded by the Friends of the Provincial Museum, opened with an exhibit on Chilcotin Baskets, and featured, in its accompanying theatre, the first audio-visual show produced by the museum.
The first major change to a permanent exhibit was a renovation of the entrance
of the Modern History Gallery to increase the number and kind of artifacts that
could be exhibited, and to provide two additional showcases for recent acquisitions.
With the Modern History and Ethnology exhibits largely finished, attention
turned to the Coast Forest and Seashore dioramas in the Natural History Gallery.
Field trips included one to Denver to study natural history display techniques, and
to Washington, D.C., to advise on the feasibility of converting railway cars into
travelling exhibits. Other trips were made to Vancouver to study a submersible
and a flight simulator for special effects in the Natural History Gallery.
Two exhibits on Captain Cook, one for the Museum Train and one for the
Modern History Gallery, are being prepared for 1978.
 52
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Education and Extension Services
Shirley A. Cuthbertson, Chief
The objective of this division is to facilitate public understanding and use of
the museum's exhibitions, information, and facilities, both inside the museum and as
widely as possible throughout the Province. The activities of the division include
school programs, docent recruitment and training, teacher workshops, children's
and family programs, travelling kits and exhibits, temporary exhibits, tours and
group services, and public films, lectures, and programs.
In 1977, 10,899 students participated in the activity programs taught by more
than a hundred docents. (The number of volunteers doubled during 1977.) Programs for all ages were given to special interest groups totalling 5,048 people.
Workshops helped teachers prepare the 25,232 students who came on "unguided"
visits.
The Interior Salish Kit, partially funded by the First Citizens' Fund and by
the National Museums Corporation, toured Kelowna and Dawson Creek School
Districts. Photography and indexing of over 500 artifacts in the teaching collections was completed.
Family programs were a highlight of the year, with pioneer lifestyles and a
marine biology field trip the favourites. Many families also enjoyed the production
"Steam"; attendance was 5,700. This was part of an experiment to develop programs especially suited to the museum facilities and purpose, in this case, the
interpretation of British Columbia history by professional actors.
Four small traveling exhibits funded by the National Museums Corporation
were produced in 1977 to travel to community museums in British Columbia. Six
exhibits were installed in the temporary gallery. Three originated in this museum,
while others came from Alaska, Alberta, and Nova Scotia.
School children at a natural history program in the museum; the faces tell their own story.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
53
Manuals for docent and tour guides were prepared on the modern history and
anthropology exhibits. These provide a factual basis for interpretation in the
galleries. Twelve tour guides gave tours to 9,495 museum visitors from June through
August.
Provincial Museums Adviser
John E. Kyte, Museums Adviser
Advisory and technical support combined with the training program provided
the main thrust of assistance by the division to local, municipal, and regional
museums.
The British Columbia Museums and Archives Development Fund, acknowledged by members of the museum community as one of the most significant
developments in recent years, has the long-range objective of promoting cultural
advancement and supporting a wide range of projects necessary to improve
operational standards in community institutions. With the program co-ordinated
through the office of the Provincial Museums Adviser, it is estimated that 90 to 100
community museums and archives will qualify for grants during the year.
A training program designed to improve the skills of museum workers has been
effectively used to provide largely volunteer and untrained staffs with the expertise
to carry out their allotted work. Partially funded by the National Museums of
Canada, 10 to 12 seminar-workshops are presented yearly where museum density
ensures maximum participation. Mobility is the key to coverage so, where possible,
training seminars are presented in outlying areas through the faclities of local
museums.
Friends of the Provincial Museum
Among the objectives of the Friends of the Provincial Museum are the
folowing: to provide interested persons and organizations with opportunities to
share in the development of the museum and in the benefits it may offer; and to bring
to the assistance of the museum, on a voluntary basis, the talents and abilities of
the public at large.
To this end, the Museum Gift Shop—operated by the friends on a largely
volunteer basis and the profits of which go to the support of the museum—was
assigned charitable standing by Revenue Canada in 1977. This new status resulted
first in these profits not being subject to income tax, and second in the friends being
able to release nearly $180,000 to the museum this year for some 44 "projects."
Some of this money accrued as a result of profits of previous years that had been
set aside for possible tax assessments.
Another, and equally important, result of this changed status has been the
satisfaction it gave the many volunteer workers in the Gift Shop to know that all the
products of their efforts would go to the cause they support.
AIR SERVICES BRANCH
This Branch is responsible for the provision of aircraft and crews to carry out
air transportation, aerial photography, and air ambulance requirements of the
Provincial Government ministries.
The two Beechcraft A-200s continued to be used for the high-altitude photographic role in the summer and for passenger transportation, and air ambulance
in the winter. The three Cessna Citation 500s were used throughout the year for
passenger transportation and air ambulance, and the Turbo Beech 18 assisted by
a Citation 500 filled the role on the Victoria/Vancouver scheduled flight service in
 54
BRITISH COLUMBIA
the summer and other transportation requirements in the winter. The two Beechcraft 18 aircraft were used for low-level photography, and for lease to Environment
Canada of the Federal Government, to undertake survey flying, including flight
testing of a data acquisition system.
The Otter aircraft on floats has been used for transportation and support of
survey crews, aerial photography, and numerous other uses. The Beaver aircraft
based at Kamloops was used in a similar role in that area.
The flight simulator installed in May of 1975 continues to operate very effectively. A total of 198.8 hours was flown on the machine for flight training in
instrument flying, emergency procedures, and pilot upgrading. This has reduced
the actual flight training and corresponding costs to a minimum. The flight simulator has been leased for pilot training to the Ministry of Transport, RCMP, and
Woodwards Ltd. Other commercial aviation industry firms have also indicated
an interest for similar training.
The scheduled flight service between Victoria and Vancouver continued at
four round flights daily with an added flight Friday afternoon and as required in
the late evening when the House is in session. This change in schedule has allowed
a better utilization of personnel and equipment. All other transportation flights
continue to be on a nonscheduled basis. Every effort is made to ensure that a
maximum number of seats are filled on each flight.
During the past year the Branch flew 5,741.9 hours in its air transportation,
aerial photography, and air ambulance* roles and carried 13,141 Government
employees over 1,330,822 passenger miles. In January of this year, air ambulance
was made a major role in the Air Services Branch. A higher priority was given to
this very important service, and in co-ordination with emergency health services,
the role was redeveloped to effect the efficiency required. Because of this change,
air ambulance flights increased 290 per cent this year over 1976.
In June of this year the Travel Recording Centre began its operation. The
purpose of this centre is to co-ordinate and record all commercial and Government
air travel by members of the Executive Council and public servants of the Province
of British Columbia and to ensure maximum utilization of Government Air Service.
The Travel Recording Centre also provides statistical and charge back returns
for air travel to each ministry on a monthly basis.
Personnel in the Branch increased during the year from a total of 41 to 46
positions by the employment of four clerks in the Travel Recording Centre, and a
full time clerk-typist in the Hangar Administrative area.
Late in the year, the Branch was transferred back to the Ministry of Energy,
Transport and Communications.
A statistical summary of air services can be found in Appendix D.
LEGISLATIVE TOUR GUIDES
The program expanded during the year to meet the increasing demands.
In co-operation with the Archives, the tour guides staff the Emily Carr
Gallery, opened July 8 by the Provincial Secretary. The exhibition of the works
of British Columbia's most famous artist has proved to be very popular, with
10,986 visitors signing the gallery guest book by the end of the year.
The Parliament Buildings tour program showed a marked increase in the
number of people taking part. In all, 5,523 tours were conducted, involving
164,781 people, an increase of 10.5 per cent over 1976.
* This figure includes 936.1 hours flown on aerial photography in co-ordination with the Field Operations
Division of the Department of Environment, and 433 air ambulance flights (1,209.6 hours) in co-ordination
with the Emergency Health Services and Canadian Forces Rescue Centre.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
55
During the summer season, guides were able to conduct tours in Russian,
French, German, Spanish, Finnish, Danish, and Swedish for the benefit of many
foreign visitors.
A highlight of the autumn season was a four-day tour of Victoria and Vancouver conducted by the guides for the 84 delegates to the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Convention. Delegates from many of the Commonwealth attended
the conference which held meetings in centres across Canada.
 56 BRITISH COLUMBIA
APPENDIX A
Queen's Printer Balance Sheet as at March 31, 1977
ASSETS
Current Assets $                   $
Inventory, March 31, 1977     877,574.24
Labour in process, March 31, 1977   174,547.70
Materials in process, March 31, 1977     87,383.06
  1,139,505.00
Accounts receivable—
Departmental           219,150.30
General    _._         18,530.73
      237,681.03
Total current assets    1,377,186.03
Fixed Assets
Plant and equipment   1,349,570.73
Less reserves for depreciation   1,349,569.73
Total fixed assets  1.00
1,377,187.03
LIABILITIES
Queen's Printer Operating Account   1,377,187.03
Certified correct:
k. m. macdonald
Queen's Printer
I. R. COATES
Administrative Assistant
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
57
Queen's Printer Profit and Loss Statement for Year Ended March 31, 1977
$ $
    .... 9,313,316.01
                 2,841.41
Net sales    9,310,474.60
Merchandise inventory, March 31, 1976      764,352.36
Labour in process, March 31, 1976       142,904.71
Material in process, March 31, 1976          66,297.68
Purchases
Printing and binding
Stationery  	
3,973,400.99
2,845,285.06
Total purchases
Factory payroll . 	
6,818,686.05
7,792,240.80
1,750,671.36
9,542,912.16
Less—Inventory of merchandise and work in process, March
31, 1977   1,139,505.00
Net cost of goods sold  8,403,407.16
Gross profit           907,067.44
Expenses
Salaries
Office expense 	
Travel expense ..
Factory expense
Depreciation 	
Total expense
Net profit	
267,787.39
30,830.78
1,545.42
122,298.44
64,839.16
487,301.19
419,766.25
 58 BRITISH COLUMBIA
APPENDIX B
1977 Statistical Summary of Legislative Library Activities
Reference
Reference questions— 1977 1976
Directory and ready reference     1,482 1,245
Specific    4,283 4,076
Research (requiring considerable research time)         287 264
6,052 5,585
Newspaper index—
News items indexed         43,435 48,357
Entries in index     100,714 116,203
Magazine index—
Items  indexed            1,122 1,804
Entries    (ca.)      2,200 3,600
Note—Approximately 100 British Columbia periodicals are
scanned for selective indexing.
Retroactive index project—news items indexed        17,573 8,550
Interlibrary Loans
Books lent to libraries other than Provincial Government   405 452
Microfilms lent       27
Requests met by photocopied material   203 200
Books lent to Library Development Commission for interlibrary
arrangement with British Columbia public libraries  175 208
Books borrowed by Provincial Government libraries other than
Library Development Commission          1,321 318
Total interlibrary loan requests supplied        2,104 1,205
Cataloguing
Number of items processed!    14,148 12,531
Titles catalogued for ministerial collections   6,881 8,199
Cards produced and filed   139,676 134,730
CIP information supplied for B.C. Government publications  148             	
Photocopying
Xerox supplied    pages    42,811 33,133
Reader-Printer             6,033 4,355
Periodicals
Magazines—total  received      719 696
Newspapers—■
British Columbia daily   	
British Columbia weekly, semi-weekly, etc. 	
Total British Columbia   	
Canadian, foreign    	
Total newspapers    	
22
180
22
195
202
217
40
46
242
263
i Includes   material   in  ministerial   libraries   catalogued   by   the   Legislative   Library   and   material   in   the
Library Development Commission.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977
59
Government Documents                                                                                   1977 1976
Total received      48,909 41,755
New titles        2,735 2,732
Added volumes (i.e., annuals, continuations, etc.)        1,819 1,917
Index cards processed   12,379 11,679
Microfilming (Central Microfilm Bureau)
British Columbia newspapers filmed	
(rolls) 463
78
 60 BRITISH COLUMBIA
APPENDIX C
PUBLICATIONS OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
Ainscough, B. D.   The Cohort Uropodina, in G. W. Krantz, A Manual of Acarology.   Oregon
State University Press.
Campbell, R. W.    Use of man-made structures as nest sites by Pigeon Guillemots.    Canadian
Field-Naturalist, 91(2): 193-194.
 ■—■    Sea-bird Colonies of Vancouver Island area.   B.C. Prov. Mus. Map Series.
     Checklist of British Columbia Birds.   B.C. Prov. Mus.
     Opportunistic feeding by a Red-tailed Hawk.    Victoria Naturalist, 33(8): 101-102.
     and L. A. Gibbard.   British Columbia Nest Records Scheme: Twenty-second annual
report 1976.   Federation of British Columbia Naturalists Newsletter, 91(1): 87-88.
and W. C. Webber.    The Cattle Egret in British Columbia.    Canadian Field-
Naturalist, 91(1) :87-
Carcasson, R. H.    A Field Guide to the Reef Fishes of the Indian and West Pacific Oceans.
Collins, London.
Cuthbertson, S.    The Travelling Museum: An Experiment with Exhibit Kits in the Classroom.
B.C. Prov. Mus. Heritage Record No. 2.
Edwards, R. Y.    Tomorrow's Museum.   Gazette, 10(1) :6—11.
     Review: Not as the Crow Flies by T. M. Shortt.   Syesis, 9:373.
     Moving Heritage Among Canadians.   Museum Round-up, 66:8-10.
     Grizzly Danger and Grizzly Survival.   Nature Canada, 6(5) :39—41.
Old Natural Habitats:  a Vanishing Heritage.    IN: Canada's Threatened Species
and Habitats.   Can. Nature Federation, Ottawa.
     Interpretation in Your Museum.   Interpretation Canada, 4(2) :2—11.
Gallacher, Daniel T.    That's The Limit: A New Approach For Collections Management in
British Columbia.   CMA Gazette, 10:4:38-44.
Gee, M. and A. Laforet.    Teacher's Guide: Interior Salish Kit.   B.C. Prov. Mus.
Gibbs, I., M. B. Rowan, E. Stephens, and S. Cuthbertson.    Teacher's Guide to B.C. Museum
School Programs, 1977-78.   B.C. Prov. Mus.
Hamer, D., S. Herrero, and R. T. Ogilvie.    Ecological Studies of the Banff National Park
Grizzly Bear.   Parks Canada, Ottawa.
Kennedy, Barbara, and Doris Lundy.    Rock Art Conservation: The Sproat Lake Petroglyphs.
Datum, Vol. 2(2):8-10.
Loy, T., and G. R. Powell.   Archaeological Data Recording Guide.   B.C. Prov. Mus. Heritage
Record No. 3.
Lundy, Doris.    Petroglyphs and Pictographs of British Columbia.    B.C. Prov.  Mus. Temporary and Travelling Exhibit Pamphlet.
Parker, David.    The B.C. Provincial Museum Train.   Museum Round-up, 65:8-10.
Review of H. Morton, The Wind Commands: Sailors and Sailing Ships in the
Pacific.   UBC Press, 1975.   In Mat. Hist. Bull.
Patterson, Robin G, Wm. M. Carmichael, Silversmith.    Friends of the Provincial Museum
Newsletter, 5(1) :3-4.
     J. D. Pemberton.   Museum Round-up, 66:31-32.
—■——■—■    J. D. Pemberton.   Northpoint Magazine, 14(2) :32.
Peden, A. E.    First Record of Atka Mackerel, Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Hexagram-
midas) in British Columbia.   The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 91:175-176.
The Status of Canadian Systematics Collections.    Association of Systematics Col
lections Newsletter.   October:55-56.
Turner, Robert D.    The Pacific Princesses.   Sono Nes Press, Victoria.
    The Royal Hudson: Mainline Steam Passenger Service Returns to B.C.   Museum
Round-up, 65:12-14.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1977 61
     Review of E.  Gould.    Logging: British  Columbia's Logging History,  Hancock
House, 1975.   In Mat. Hist. Bull. 21:57-58.
Wardrop, James R.    British Columbia's Experience with Early Chain Saws.   Mat. His. Bull.
21:9-18.
Review of V. Careless.   Bibliography for the Study of British Columbia's Domestic
Material History.   Ottawa, Nat. Mus. of Man Mercury Series No. 20, 1976.    In   Mat.
Hist. Bull. 3:70-72.
UNPUBLISHED REPORTS
Ainscough, B. D.   A Review of the Classification of the Cohort Uropodina Kramer,  1881
(Acari: Mesostigmata).   Paper read to the annual meeting of the Ent. Soc. of America.
Survey of the Insects of Canada: section Acari, subsection Uropodina.   Report to
the Ent. Soc. of Canada.
Brand, Ross.    Peace River Paleontological Casting Project; to Heritage Conservation Branch,
Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
Campbell, R. W.    Sea-bird colonies in Masset and Juskatla Inlets, British Columbia.   B.C.P.M.
Birds and Mammals Division.
Observations of Peregrine Falcons on the Queen Charlotte Islands—Summer 1977.
B.C.P.M. Birds and Mammals Division.
Crozier, S. Neal. Archaeological Sediment Analysis, DhPt 10B, Libby Dam Reservoir Project:
to Heritage Conservation Branch, Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
     Hesquiat Archaeological Project Preliminary Report, Summer  1977, to  Heritage
Conservation Branch, Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
Cuthbertson, S. Programme Information: Museum Assistance Programmes 1977-79; to the
National Museums Corporation.
     1976-77 Programme Report: Education and Extension Services; to the National
Museums Corporation.
Haggarty, James C, and Roberta L. Hall. An Analysis of Human Skeletal Remains and
Associated Cultural Material from the Hill Site, DfRu 4, Saltspring Island, B.C.; to
Heritage Conservation Branch, Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
Loy, T. Report of Archaeological Survey, Mile 395 to 514, including Muncho Lake, Alaska
Highway, B.C.; to Heritage Conservation Branch, Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
    Salvage Excavation of DcRu 122, Victoria, B.C.; to Heritage Conservation Branch,
Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
Lundy, Doris. The Gibbs Creek Petroglyph Site (Rock Art of the Lillooet Region); to Cariboo College as part of the "Archaeology of the Lillooet Area Project."
Petroglyphs of the British Columbia Interior.   Paper presented at the 4th Biennial
Canadian Rock Art Research Associates Conference, Victoria.
May, Joyce.   Archaeological Reconnaissance of Carp Lake Provincial Park, 1977 Season; to
Heritage Conservation Branch, Provincial Archaeologist's Office.
McMurdo, Ann de G.    Excavation of a Petroglyph Site on Protection Island, B.C.    Paper
presented at the 4th Biennial Canadian Rock Art Research Associates Conference, Victoria.
Rodway, M. S., and R. W. Campbell.    Natural History theme study of marine bird and
mammal habitats on the Canadian Gulf Islands.   Parks Canada, Ottawa.
Summers, K. R., and R. W. Campbell.   Natural History theme study of marine bird and
mammal habitats on the Canadian West Coast.   Parks Canada, Ottawa.
 62
BRITISH COLUMBIA
APPENDIX D
SUMMARY OF AIR SERVICES
Aircraft Flying Hours
Aircraft
Beaver (1)   537.0
Beachcraft 18 (2)   192.8
Beechcraft Turbo (1)   170.7
Otter (1)   642.0
Cessna Citation (3)   2,637.0
Beechcraft 200 (2)   1,363.6
Simulator (1)   198.8
Total hours    5,741.9
Air Ambulance Flights
Air Vacs     251
Number of patients  305
Flight time  (hours) 690.9
Mileage   168,509
Air Ambulance Transfers
Transfers    182
Number of patients   296
Flight time  (hours) 518.7
Mileage   116,669
Aerial Photography
Total hours flown
936.9
1977
Over-all Operating Statistics,
Total aircraft-miles      435,970
Total seat-miles   2,951,824
Total passenger-miles  1,330,822
Total number of passengers
carried—
Victoria/Vancouver
scheduled service   10,231
Non-scheduled service     2,910
Total    13,141
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, 1977
APPENDIX E
63
REPORTS TO BE TABLED BY THE MINISTRY OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
AND TRAVEL INDUSTRY AT THE THIRD SESSION OF THE THIRTY-FIRST
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, SPRING  1978
Year Ended
College Pension    August 31, 1977
Provincial Secretary     ...December 31, 1977
Lotteries Branch  March 31, 1977
Members of the Legislative Assembly Superannuation  March 31, 1977
Municipal Superannuation  December 31, 1976
Public Service Commission December 31, 1977
Public Service Group Insurance  June 30, 1977
Public Service Superannuation March 31, 1977
Teachers' Pensions  December 31, 1976
Travel Industry    December 31, 1977
Queen's Printer for British Columbia ©
Victoria, 1979
 

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