BC Sessional Papers

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR 1976 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1978

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Full Text

 ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
FIRE
MARSHAL
FOR
1976
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Hon. Garde B. Gardom, Q.C.
Attorney-General of British Columbia
Henry K. Jenns
Fire Marshal of British Columbia
MINISTRY OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL
  To Colonel the Honourable Walter S. Owen, Q.C, LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Fifty-fourth Annual Report of the
Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31, 1976.
GARDE B. GARDOM, Q.C.
A ttorney-General
Victoria, B.C.
  TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Fire Losses in Municipalities and Fire Districts     7
Fire Loss Statistics of All Fires     9
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications  14
Fire Losses of $250,000 and Over  15
Major Causes of Fire Resulting in Death  16
Fire Casualties by Month  16
Fire Casualties by Day of Week  16
Fire Casualties by Age  16
Circumstances Contributing to Fire Casualties  17
Fire Crime Statistics  18
Inspections and Orders by Local Assistant Fire Marshals  19
10-year Property Fire Loss Comparison  21
Charts—
Number of Fires  22
Fires per Capita  22
Annual Dollar Loss  23
Dollar Loss per Fire  23
Per Capita "Loss  24
Fire Fatalities  24
  Fire Losses in Municipalities and Fire Districts, 1976
City Municipalities
Incidents
Armstrong   6
Burnaby     376
Chilliwack   25
Courtenay    17
Cranbrook    25
Dawson Creek   31
Duncan   21
Enderby   1
Fernie   1
Grand  Forks    3
Greenwood    1
Fort St. John   18
Kamloops     88
Kelowna   29
Kimberley    10
Langley     38
Nanaimo     116
Loss    Injured Dead
$
907,035          	
2,902,773 30 5
184,500 1     	
28,464          	
415,380 2 1
230,145 1 1
68,826 1      	
2,055         	
500         	
44,360 _ _...
45,000         	
384,124     1
1,301,378 6 2
560,998     2
7,134          	
133,327 5 1
1,356,932 12     	
Incidents
Nelson     16
North Vancouver
City    124
New Westminster _ 177
Port Alberni   79
Port Coquitlam  29
Penticton   71
Prince  George   260
Port Moody   21
Prince   Rupert    30
Revelstoke    13
Rossland     7
Trail    44
Vancouver     1,997
Vernon    53
Victoria    273
White Rock  16
Loss    Injured Dead
$
643,533          	
323,955 7 1
700,701 4 4
1,473,159 13  	
254,460 1 1
160,265 5  	
828,501 5 1
106,878    	
2,301,204 3 3
285,479    .	
77,691    	
166,489    	
8,487,182 125 13
185,122 1  	
1,250,679 13 2
43,377    	
District Municipalities
Abbotsford-Sumas
Campbell River ...
Central Saanich ...
Chilliwhack 	
Coldstream   	
Coquitlam  _	
Delta	
Esquimalt   	
Houston	
Kent   	
Kitimat   	
Langley   	
Mackenzie 	
Mission   	
Maple Ridge 	
Matsqui
North Cowichan .
North Saanich ..
Incidents Loss    Injured Dead
$
34 3,354,175 3 1
46 4,891,900 _.... 4
11 175,903      1
76 452,677 5 2
2 107,677     _....
123 1,098,286 2 1
141 756,522 26     	
33 231,622     _....
7 44,200         	
5 59,062 4     	
50 92,111 3      	
128 1,745,855 17 1
24 52,375     ._._
24 932,593      2
64 580,121 5     	
60 685,025          	
27 274,025 ._...     	
8 400,150 1 1
Incidents
North Vancouver
Oak Bay	
Peachland   —	
176
23
1
Port Hardy         19
Pitt Meadows          7
Powell River       49
Richmond      203
Saanich        125
Sparwood         13
Summerland            6
Salmon Arm         31
Spallumcheen         3
Squamish          31
Stewart         3
Surrey     316
Terrace _ _      35
Whistler          6
West Vancouver     132
Loss    Injured Dead
$
1,701,957 20 2
191,079 1     	
400 _....     	
251,323          	
53,932 _....     	
290,645 1 1
3,517,472 9 1
431,604 1 2
191,300 ......     	
37,500         	
196,734 1 __.
21,000      2
745,058      1
11,000    	
2,037,712 13 2
113,578 4     	
149,103 1
609,245 6 1
Cariboo County
Colwood 	
Incidents
289
27
loco    	
Kootenay County .
Langford .
Nanaimo County —
Ocean Falls 	
Prince Rupert County
113
13
136
4
91
Loss
$
7,518,862
144,347
2,031,593
31,186
1,374,083
23,000
1,154,859
Fire Districts
Injured Dead
4 Sooke .
11
Incidents       Loss    Injured Dead
University Area 	
Vancouver County _
Victoria County .	
View Royal 	
Westminster County
Yale County 	
7
17
60
41
5
50
222
48,801
30,150
2,618,358
543,608
43,313
543,410
3,291,498
Incidents
Town Municipalities
Loss    Injured Dead
Incidents       Loss    Injured Dead
Castlegar
Comox —
Creston ...
Golden —
Hope 	
Kinnaird .
20,708
48,949
42,000
56,718
1,261,243
1,600
Ladysmith  	
Merritt 	
Quesnel   	
Sidney 	
Smithers 	
Williams Lake
14
115,068
10
102,653
19
128,767
5
94,157
9
173,579
34
131,567
 E 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Lc
Inc
sses in
idents
2
5
4
1
3
2
1
4
2
7
3
2
2
1
10
4
2
1
Munic
Loss    I
$
16,500
55,200
66,145
20,000
ipalities anc
Village Mi
njured Dead
~3      Z.
l Fire Districts, 1976-
JNICIPALITIES
Incic
Masset     	
McBride   	
Midway 	
Nakusp 	
Oliver 	
—Cc
ents
2
1
5
2
14
1
1
2
6
3
8
5
2
4
3
3
2
4
6
6
2
mtinued
Loss    Ii
$
800
2,500
121,100
ljured
1
1
Dead
Ashcroft     —
Burns Lake 	
—
22,616
49,010
500,000
35,000
21,029
313,150
110,250
74,952
15,000
6,200
59,100
132,653
44,238
Chase	
Clinton 	
Cumberland  _
Eikford	
19,665
55,000
2,000
85,400
27,814
458,500
Parksville   _
Pouce Coupe
Port Edward
Pemberton -	
Port McNeill 	
__...
Port Alice 	
Princeton    	
Qualicum Beach
Salmo 	
Sechelt  .__	
Fort St. James ..
Tahsis 	
Telkwa   	
Tofino
Granisle Village	
Gibsons Landing ....
30,567
8,436
16,173
20,000
164,046
45,783
25,280
8,000
—
Hazelton   	
Harrison Hot Springs
100 Mile House
—
Kaslo   	
Keremeos 	
Taylor   	
22,000
—
Valemount	
Vanderhoof 	
Warfield 	
Zeballos 	
35,800
620,550
180
18,156
Lake Cowichan 	
Lillooet 	
11
1
15
12
80,450
6,000
1,450
196,557
—
Lumby —	
—
Provincial Totals
Provincial totals
Incidents
__ 7,433
Loss
$
77,566,724   382
Injured Dead
109
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1976
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11976
E 9
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Days of week—
Sunday	
Monday.	
Tuesday.	
Wednesday-
Thursday.	
Friday.	
Saturday.	
Unknown	
Totals-
General construction—
Combustible, fire-resistance rating-
Less than % hour	
% hour or greater-
Heavy timber construction	
Noncombustible, fire-resistance rating-
Less than 1 hour.	
1 hour or greater.	
General construction—unclassified-
Unknown or not applicable	
Totals - 	
Building height—
1-storey	
2-storey.	
3-storey	
4 to 6-storey...
7 to 10-storey..
11 to 20-storey  	
21 and more storeys 	
Unknown or not applicable...
Totals	
Year of construction-
Before 1900	
1900 to 1920-
1921 to 1940..
1941 to 1960-
1961 to 1980.
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals  _
Interior fire protection—
Extinguishers, standpipe system, and manual alarm.
Extinguishers and standpipe system-
Extinguishers and manual alarm system..
Extinguishers..
Standpipe system and manual alarm system..
Standpipe system-
Manual fire alarm system	
Manual fire protection facilities—unclassified-
Unknown or not applicable 	
Last inspected—
Less than 30 days .
31 to 60 days.....	
61 to 90 days .
91 to 180 days ....
6 to 12 months ...
13 to 24 months..
25 to 36 months .
Over 36 months...
Not applicable
Unknown	
Totals..
1,065
940
990
973
943
1,051
1,130
341
7,433      |
194
228
244
439
259
63
14
73
3,546
2,373
7,433
14.3
12.6
13.3
13.0
12.6
14.1
15.2
4.5
11,551,144
6,729,679
9,952,858
10,260,919
10,582,853
15,923,088
10,505,825
2,060,358
7,433      |        100.0        | 77,566,724
100.0
77,566,724
2.6
3.0
3.2
5.9
3.4
.8
.1
.9
47.7
31.9
100.0
6,541,861
8,195,883
3,390,509
6,835,119
4,232,526
1,358,271
141,743
952,837
23,459,031
22,458,944
77,566,724
14.8
8.6
12.8
13.2
13.6
20.5
13.5
2.6
100.0
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100.0
2,223
29.9
25,554,180
32.9
1,123
15.1
17,582,272
22.6
477
6.4
11,819,542
15.2
186
2.5
3,798,257
4.8
89
1.1
4,974,237
6.4
76
1.0
579,619
.7
29
.3
71,915
3,230
43.4
13,186,702
17.0
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100.0
23
.3
373,401
.4
249
3.3
6,415,868
8.2
842
11.3
6,525,758
8.4
989
13.3
22,377,900
28.8
1,744
23.4
22,330,059
28.7
3,586
48.2
19,543,738
25.1
7,433
100.0
| 77,566,724
100.0
293
3.9
1 8,169,934
10.5
32
.4
440,494
.5
271
3.6
8,513,994
10.9
440
5.9
| 16,115,254
20.7
114
1.5
| 1,150,392
1.4
17
.2
1   70,362
205
2.7
1 1,129,346
1.4
317
4.2
1 5,526,078
7.1
5,744
77.2
1 36,450,870
46.9
100.0
8.4
10.5
4.3
8.8
5.4
1.7
.1
1.2
30.2
28.9
100.0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed  on  page  14-
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 E 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11976—Continued
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Sprinkler protection—
Complete—
Supervised or standard watchman service
45
12
122
24
64
131
19
1,836
56
5,124
.6
.1
1.6
.3
.8
1.7
.2
24.7
.7
68.9
$
240,399
72,278
318,272
781,458
1,741,006
1,076,981
572,799
39,625,606
5,904,791
27,233,134
.3
.4
Partial—
Supervised or standard watchman service	
1.0
2.2
1.3
.7
51.0
7.6
35 1
Totals
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100.0
Automatic fire-detection system—
Complete—
Heat-
Alarm to fire department or central station	
31
87
8
14
32
250
54
154
259
6,544
.4
1.1
.1
.1
.4
3.3
.7
2.0
3.4
88.0
5,613,097
1,462,068
78,658
2,607,160
199,532
3,540,796
1,717,315
1,626,642
2,918,445
57,803,011
7.2
1 8
Combustion or smoke—
Alarm to fire department or central station
.1
3 3
Partial-
Heat—
Alarm to fire department or central station	
.2
4 5
Combustion or smoke-
Alarm to fire department or central station—
2.2
20
Unclassified             	
3.7
74 5
Totals	
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100 0
Outside fire protection—
4,070
9
342
72
11
32
242
175
2,480
54.7
•1
4.6
•9
A
3.2
2.3
33.3
48,074,748
47,089
6,614,038
1,261,539
346,375
401,548
5,721,119
4,547,442
10,552,826
61.9
8.5
1.6
.4
.5
7 3
5.8
13 6
Totals 	
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100 0
Water supply flow—
354
95
115
356
483
922
319
1,435
48
3,306
4.7
1.2
1.5
4.7
6.4
12.4
4.2
19.3
.6
44.4
5,807,561
2,163,615
2,155,305
5,662.991
6,266,209
16,345,614
3,227,247
16,289,270
1,287,136
18,361,776
7 4
2 7
200 to 399 gpm
2.7
400 to 599 gpm                                             	
600 to 799 gpm.       	
7.3
80
800 to 1,199 gpm  _.
1,200 to 1,599 gpm...	
21.0
4.1
21 0
16
23 6
Totals             .. .._
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100 0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page  14—
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1976
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11976—Continued
E ll
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Size of water-main (inches)—
0	
4  	
5	
6.
8..
10-
12-
14 or over	
Unclassified-
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals	
Fire service—
Full-time fire department-
Volunteer fire department-
Combined full-time and volunteer	
Police acting as full-time fire-fighters...
Combined police and fire department.
Combined police and volunteer fire-fighters..
Contract to others 	
None  	
Unclassified	
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals 	
Extinguishment—
Hand fire extinguisher..
Standpipe and hose system..
Makeshift aids 	
Fire department—
Water	
Other than water-
Sprinkler system..
Fixed system, not sprinkler-
Burned out	
Miscellaneous	
Unknown	
Totals-
Level of origin—
Basement, sub-basement-
Crawl space, under structure	
Ground floor, grade level (grade to 9 feet)_
2nd storey (10-19 feet above grade)..
3rd storey (20-29 feet above grade)..
4th to 12th storey, inclusive (30-119 feet above grade).
Over 12 storeys (120 feet and over above grade)	
Roof level (includes concealed roof space, attic)	
Unclassified    	
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals _
Extent of damage—
Confined to—
Object of Origin	
Part of room/area or origin-
Room of origin-
Floor area of origin-
Building of origin	
Roof	
Extended beyond building of origin-
Unclassified	
Unknown or not applicable-
Totals	
282
245
11
2,293
718
163
133
65
46
3,477
2,960
998
1,299
2
37
11
8
270
46
1,802
7,433
995
91
766
3,495
20
31
8
558
1,108
361
514
54
2,664
552
146
85
18
133
152
3,115
7,433
1,131
924
421
356
1,438
51
230
132
2,750
7,433
7,433      |
3.7
3.2
.1
30.8
9.6
2.1
1.7
.8
.6
46.7
5,682,704
3,497,634
32,775
27,174,205
14,796,430
1,223,028
3,521,144
965,783
1,932,138
18,740,883
100.0
| 77,566,724
39.8
13.4
17.4
.4
.1
.1
3.6
.6
24.2
19,943,867
20,116,891
20,016,862
6,150
293,479
93,250
59,700
9,287,367
1,724,145
6,025,013
100.0
77,566,724 |
13.3
1.2
10.3
47.0
.2
.4
.1
7.5
14.9
4.8
I
4,680,444
684,386
961,922
| 55,030,921
| 83,767
159,020
58,470
7,919,054
5,814,903
2,173,837
7,433      ; 100.0        | 77,566,724
6.9
.7
35.8
7.4
1.9
1.1
.2
1.7
2.0
41.9
6,747,465
459,048
46,915,153
6,126,507
1,122,208
909,832
26,540
2,026,095
1,851,355
11,382,521
100.0
77,566,724
15.2
12.4
5.6
4.7
19.3
.6
3.0
1.7
36.9
1,974,958
1,496,141
973,325
2,357,229
45,053,135
382,863
8,979,148
7,326,715
9,023,210
100.0
7.3
4.5
35.0
19.0
1.5
4.5
1.2
2.4
24.1
100.0
25.7
25.9
25.8
.3
.1
11.9
2.2
7.7
100.0
6.0
.8
1.2
70.9
.1
.2
10.2
7.4
2.8
100.0
8.6
.5
60.4
7.8
1.4
1.1
2.6
2.3
14.6
100.0
2.5
1.9
1.2
3.0
58.0
.4
11.5
9.4
11.6
77,566,724 |        100.0
I
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page  14—
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 E 12                                                    BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11976—Continued
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Area of origin—■
181
527
82
688
609
95
502
769
61
95
328
456
922
209
402
471
602
434
2.4
7.0
1.1
9.2
8.1
1.2
6.7
10.3
.8
1.2
4.4
6.1
12.4
2.8
5.4
6.3
8.0
5.8
$
1,935,306
6,122,543
5,261,883
3,445,228
4,206,730
762,674
12,881,785
15,037,513
211,357
1,790,676
9,851,870
5,759,643
1,013,809
198,434
437,703
2,769,982
3,338,291
2,541,297
2.4
7.8
6.7
4.4
5.4
.9
16.6
19.3
.2
2.3
12.7
7.4
1.3
.2
.5
3.5
4.3
3.2
Assembly area—
Others _	
Function area—
Others
Service facilities—
Chimney, flue	
Others	
Vehicle—
Engine area _   	
Fuel area _	
Others 	
Totals
7,433      |        100.0.
77,566,724
100.0
Source of ignition—■
499
496
911
754
295
718
1,147
230
2,025
358
6.7
6.6
12.2
10.1
3.9
9.6
15.4
3.0
27.2
4.8
5,255,040
2,091,793
6,685,061
4,271,533
2,855,791
1,528.668
12,379,200
967,094
39,506,227
2,056,317
6.7
2.6
8.6
5.5
3.6
1.9
15.9
1.2
50.9
2.6
Total"!
7,433      |        100.0
77,566,724
100.0
Fuel or energy—
1,413
183
1,079
101
180
872
1,304
4
552
1,745
19.0
2.4
14.5
1.3
2.4
11.7
17.5
7.4
23.4
14,182,666
2,591,409
3,972,861
1,133,165
1,245,446
7,105,743
7,309,255
630,000
6,439,328
32,956,851
18.2
3.3
5.1
1.4
1.6
9.1
9.4
.8
8.3
42.4
Natural gas    	
Lightning..         .                _	
Totals
7,433      |        100.0
77,566,724
100.0
Form of heat—
Spark—
220
1,139
37
1,658
52
1,094
88
788
227
2,130
2.9
15.3
.4
22.3
.6
14.7
1.1
10.6
3.0
28.6
1,632,154
5,999,952
128,545
13,492,403
136,349
6,030,389
537,881
6,383,324
2,964,822
40,260,905
2.1
7.7
.1
17.3
.1
7.7
.6
8.2
3.8
51.9
Spontaneous ignition (not incompatible chemicals)
Heat from smokers' material	
Unclassified - _	
Totals _
7,433               100.0
1
77,566,724
100.0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classification
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
s as listed
m page  14—
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1976
Fire Loss Statistics for All Fires,11976—Continued
E 13
Incidents
Per Cent of
Incidents
Loss
Per Cent of
Loss
Material first ignited—•
Structural components	
1,131
1,056
318
1,024
1,466
181
102
127
2,028
15.2
14.2
4.2
13.7
19.7
2.4
1.3
1.7
27.2
$
12,716,108
9,286,812
1,552,469
7,966,969
8,067,774
1,509,246
247,195
828,642
35,391,509
16.3
11.9
2.0
10.2
10.4
1.9
.3
1.0
45.6
Totals	
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100.0
Act or omission—
1,735
1,027
414
1,828
174
85
699
103
1,029
339
23.3
13.8
5.5
24.5
2.3
1.1
9.4
1.3
13.8
4.5
21,752,452
8,830,484
2,075,086
8,355,157
1,576,949
435,559
3,852,382
1,179,362
27,491,481
2,017,812
28.0
Misuse of source of ignition _	
11.3
2.6
10.7
2.0
.5
4.9
1.5
35.4
2.6
Totals _	
7,433
100.0
77,566,724
100.0
i Similar information is available for groups of specific property classifications as listed on page  14-
Summary of Fire Losses by Property Classifications.
 E 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1976
Fire Losses of $250,000 and Over, 1976
E 15
Municipality
Occupancy
Cause
Loss
01-08.
01-23 .
01-07-
01-15.
01-18.
02-24..
02-01.
02-26..
02-16..
02-05.
02-27-
02-20-
03-23-.
03-03.
03-04-.
03-05-
04-09-
04-10.
05-31..
05-21..
05-28
05-19..
06-24-
06-30-
06-18-.
06-30 -
06-16-
07-28-
07-23-
07-04..
08-11...
08-20.
08-17 .
08-10.
08-12 -
09-01
09-16
09-10.
09-03 .
10-25 -
11-23.
12-01-
12-25.
12-19-
Langley-
Surrey.	
Cariboo County-
Vancouver	
Hope-
Prince Rupert-
Abbotsford-Sumas-
Langley_
Vancouver County-
Hope 	
Richmond	
Burnaby-	
Vancouver.— _..
Prince Rupert _..
Cariboo County.	
Vancouver.	
Burnaby—	
Richmond	
Kamloops	
Vancouver	
Vancouver	
Vancouver County-
Armstrong	
Mission	
Surrey-
Yale County..
Vanderhoof-
Mission	
Kootenay County..
Cranbrook-
Nanaimo	
Campbell River	
Cariboo County	
Squamish	
Pouce Coupe 	
City of Fort St. John
North Vancouver	
Vancouver County—
Yale County.	
Burnaby  _
Cariboo County.	
Nelson	
Port Alberni—-	
Cariboo County	
Canned,   bottled   food   or   soft
drinks	
Food processingi	
Gas-distribution system, pipeline-
Laundry and dry-cleaning	
Ice rink 	
Hotel, year-round use.	
Department store 	
Elementary school	
Hotel, seasonal use (off season)—
Machinery  	
Airport passenger terminal _.
Amusement centre  	
Canning, preserving of fish, sea
foods 	
Hotel, year-round use	
Property unknown -
General warehouse __ -
Apartment,   three   to   20   units
with business  -	
Junior high, intermediate school-
Restaurant 	
Upholstered furniture, bedding	
Church, chapel —	
Commercial fishing-vessel	
Elementary school -
Sawmill, planing-mill  	
Elementary school _	
Sawmill, planing-mill _.	
Icerink  	
Boxed, crated, or packaged agricultural products storage —
Boxed, crated, or packaged agricultural products storage—	
Department store -	
Apartment, over 20 units with or
without business	
Junior high, intermediate school _
Helicopter and vertical take-off
aircraft, non-military 	
Civic,    Federal,   or   Provincial
Government Office 	
Seeds, beans, nuts, grain storage
in bulk	
Seeds, beans, nuts, grain storage
in bulk      	
Helicopter and vertical take-off
aircraft, non-military. 	
Senior high school 	
Sawmill, planing-mill 	
Sawmill, planing-mill	
Apartment, three to 20 units	
Building under major renovation
Hotel, year-round use	
Variety store (large) 	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni..
IncendiarismS.	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni-
IncendiarismS	
Part failure, leak, break-
Miscellaneous act or omissioni..
Disposal of smokers' materiaL.
Miscellaneous act or omissioni—
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Arson or other fires1	
Criminal offence	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni.
Miscellaneous act or omissioni.
Act or omissioni	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni.
Temporary loss of judgemnt—
Criminal offence	
Arson or other fires i	
Incendiarisms  	
Incendiarisms,	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni.
Miscellaneous act or omissioni
Miscellaneous act or omissioni.
Incendiarisms	
Miscellaneous act or omission-
Criminal offence 	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni
Miscellaneous act or omissioni.
Incendiarism^	
Human failingi-
IncendiarismS	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni-
IncendiarismS-
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Welding or cutting too close.	
Aircraft	
Incendiarisms  	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni	
Miscellaneous act or omissioni—
Mechanical and electrical failurei
$
500,000
296,000
2,500,000
679,863
250,000
311,432
3,194,100
380,000
650,038
1,000,000
839,300
517,000
839,936
1,750,000
250,000
350,000
410,000
1,700,000
310,000
330,000
250,000
300,000
750,000
250,000
270,000
266,577
488,000
325,000
400,000
311,500
299,150
4,500,000
270,000
600,000
500,000
250,000
600,000
1,000,000
900,000
406,000
480,000
404,103
1,200,000
345,000
iUnclassified or unknown.       s Or suspected incendiarism (no charges laid).
 E 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Major Causes of Fires Resulting in Deaths, 1976
Cause
Men
Women
Children
Total
30
3
5
2
2
2
21
11
3
4
1
11
4
2
2
7
45
6
9
Wood-fired stove and space heaters	
4
4
3
Other	
39
Totals                                ..         	
65
30
15
110
Fire Casualties by Month, 1976
Month
Injuries
Male
Female
Total
Male
Deaths
Female
Total
January.	
February-
March-	
April	
May.	
June	
July.	
August-
September.	
October	
November..	
December-	
Totals-
21
22
16
32
26
25
44
9
15
19
18
37
5
26
7
29
4
20
6
38
1
27
6
31
12
86
4
13
1
16
8
27
7
25
7
44
284
98
382
4
4
11
6
8
2
11
78
32
6
6
12
9
10
3
20
10
12
3
6
13
110
Day
Sunday 	
Monday .	
Tuesday 	
Wednesday
Thursday __
Friday 	
Saturday 	
Fire Casualties by Day of Week, 1976
Dead
  22
  16
  13
  8
  20
  9
  22
Injured
50
71
27
47
44
76
67
Totals   110
382
Age
Unknown 	
Under 2 years
2-10 years 	
11-18 years _
19-70 years _.
Over 70 years —
Totals
Fire Casualties by Age, 1976
Deaths
         1
         1
  9
  8
  78
  13
110
Injuries
12
9
29
323
9
382
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1976
E 17
Circumstances Contributing to Fire Casualties, 1976
Condition of casualty—
Asleep at time of fire
Deaths Injuries
Bedridden or other handicap
Impairment by alcohol 	
Impairment by drugs .
Under restraint or detention
Too young to act	
Senile
Left unattended (children)
Unclassified
Unknown or not applicable
40
3
19
1
4
1
1
17
24
Totals
Action of casualty—
Injured while attempting to escape ..    10
Overexertion or heart attack       1
Volunteer entered—
Remained for rescue purposes   	
Remained for fire-fighting       2
Remained to save property    	
Loss of judgment or panic        8
Received delayed warning  _     6
Unclassified  -   __   29
Unknown or not applicable
Totals  _
55
4
9
6
~2
1
2
79
224
110       382
37
1
16
106
11
14
16
59
122
Type of fabric or material ignited-
Cotton  	
Wool  	
Deaths Injuries
Other natural fibre 	
Rayon (viscose) 	
Other synthetic fibre —
Mixed fibres  	
Rubber  	
Unclassified  	
Unknown or not applicable
Totals  	
11
1
7
3
4
1
10
73
110
Cause of failure to escape—
Trapped—
Vertical spread of fire/smoke   7
Horizontal spread of fire/smoke  23
High  flame  spread—combustible  interior finish    11
Falling  debris     _.„
Explosion    _   4
Exit blocked or obstructed by fire  2
110       382
Outdoor fire
Unclassified 	
Unknown or not applicable
Totals 	
21
42
27
4
" 2
16
12
313
382
6
13
2
2
23
2
3
45
286
110       382
Ignition of clothing or other fabrics—
Outer clothing     17 51
Sleepwear     11 3
Underclothing    1 1
Bedding or bed linen   6 10
Mattress or pillow  _  2 9
Upholstered furniture  _ _ 11 6
Unclassified _      10 4
Unknown or not applicable  _ 52 298
Totals    110 382
 E 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Crime Statistics, 1976
Motive
Unknown
Insurance
Fraud
Revenge
Cover
Crime
Mischief
Mental
Total
Incendiary, suspected or known
Provincial totals	
Time—
0001-0800	
0801-1600	
1601-0000.	
Property—
Assembly.	
Institutional	
Residential	
Office	
Mercantile	
Manufacturing	
Storage	
Vehicles, outside areas	
Miscellaneous	
Incendiary method—
Unknown	
Flammable liquids	
Incendiary devices	
Matches and combustibles	
Other. 	
Not applicable	
Persons involved-
Unknown	
Adult male.	
Adult female	
Juvenile male	
Juvenile female	
Persons charged—
Adult male.	
Adult female	
Juvenile male	
Total persons charged-
Offences cleared—
By charge _  	
Other.  	
Not cleared..
Disposition of charge-
Convictions	
Dismissals	
Pending-
With drawn-
Stay of proceedings-
Committed 	
Authority for charge—
Criminal Code—
Sec. 387	
Sec. 389 (1) 	
Sec. 389 (2)	
Sec. 390	
Sec. 392(1)..
Fire Marshal Act...
Other	
1,166
549
163
454
77
11
348
21
64
23
147
445
29
542
177
431
14
2
1,067
42
14
41
2
35
10
21
66
66
7
1,092
1
66
3
1
9
38
12
2
1
17
13
6
2
5
1
4
5
551
118
139
294
62
4
135
3
32
5
67
209
32
205
61
2
265
18
443
13
2
87
6
11
2
10
I        23
23
55
473
29
2
10
8
2
11
40
25
7
8
1
2
24
1
9
1
7
8
25
13
20
7
2
12
1
15
17
14
9
15
1,774
701
312
761
142
21
514
24
99
28
215
665
63
757
250
2
730
33
2
1,512
76
42
136
8
54
27
32
113
115
81
1,577
1
118
5
2
1
24
57
2
20
2
1
29
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1976
E 19
Inspections and Orders by Local Assistant Fire Marshals, 1976
CITY MUNICIPALITIES (32)
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Orders
1,176
317
2,115
368
104
_.-
" 6
4
~6
1
134
5,812
2,948
1,975
785
6
3
15
405
160
231
256
224
31,824
1,999
8,912
546
Fernie	
215
Prince Rupert	
	
Rossland     ...
Trail     	
158
2,548
663
611
1,293
460
213
426
4
Langley.	
Victoria	
White Rock..    ...               .  ...
8
Totals	
Fort St. John...	
66,318
614
DISTRICT MUNICIPALITIES (38)
338
_.-
794
2
2,617
1,247
Oak Bay.	
23
90
598
26
1,400
1,052
176
2,520
3,981
253
31
44
344
4,643
685
695
Delta	
141
Saanich
22
3
1
Kent  	
194
210
167
428
313
Surrey   ....
Terrace	
North Cowichan _ 	
21,716
1,325
 E 20                                                    BRITISH COLUMBIA
Inspections and Orders by Local Assistant Fire Marshals, 1976—Continued
VILLAGE MUNICIPALITIES (59)
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Orders
1
5
3
2
Montrose s	
22
141
11
1
1
Oliver	
100 Mile House .
Osoyoos	
Eikford                             	
Port Edward  	
Port McNeill 	
-
Qualicum Beach-	
Salmo
Sayward 	
Sechelt _	
 _.
Gold River.	
	
	
Slocan _ _
Tahsis..
15
92
Taylor	
9
Telkwa.	
Tofino-	
Valemount	
Vanderhoof	
Warfield
10
Lytton  	
Zeballos	
Midway	
306
8
TOWN MUNICIPALITIES (10)
Comox	
135
3
1
160
—
Creston
Sidney   	
Smithers         	
Totals	
298
1
FIRE DISTRICTS (15)
24
9
282
~ 2
~~1
Sooke	
1,078
1
11
279
loco 	
Vancouver, County of-	
Yale, County of	
Totals—	
Prince Rupert, County of	
1,684
3
Grand to
Grand to
Grand to
Grand to
Grand tot
Grand tol
Grand tol
Grand tot
Grand tot
Grand tot
Inspections     Ord
als, 1976      90,322           1,9
als, 1975   81,027           1,9
ers
51
20
44
86
38
88
J2
97
72
29
als, 1974  _  91,418           1,5
als, 1973 _  87,266          1,6
als, 1972     63,940              8
als,  1971   84,104              5
als, 1970       81,056
als,  1969     _  77,927              1
als, 1968    _.  92,074             1
als,  1967 --  85,969              5
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1976
10-Year Property Fire Loss Comparison, 1967-76
E 21
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
(1) Number of fires  _
(2) Loss 	
(3) Loss per fire (2) -=- (1) 	
(4) Population (thousands)i 	
(5) Per capita fires [(1) -=- (4)] X 1,000—
(6) Per capita loss (2) -f- (4)	
(7) Adjustment Factor (A)s  _._
(8) Adjusted per capita loss (A) (6) H- (7)
(9) CPI Adjustment Factor (b)S	
(10) Adjusted per capita loss (b) (6) -j- (9)
(11) Fire fatalities 	
6,934
$21,490,053
$3,099
1,945.0
3,57
$11.05
.746
$14.81
.874
$12.64
106
$21
7,010
116,871
$3,012
2,003.0
3.50
$10.54
.799
$13.19
.906
$11.63
100
7,602
$27,514,446
$3,619
2,060.0
3.69
$13.36
.851
$15.70
.937
$14.26
87
7,546
$34,561,074
$4,580
2,128.0
3.55
$16.24
.912
$17.81
.969
$16.76
104
7,454
$34,716,758
$4,657
2,184.6
3.41
$15.89
1.000
$15.89
1.000
$15.89
153
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
(1) Number of fires  	
(2) Loss 	
(3) Loss per fire (2) -r (1)  _
(4) Population (thousands)i 	
(5) Per capita fires [(1) -=- (4)] X 1,000	
(6) Per capita loss (2) -f- (4) 	
(7) Adjustment Factor (a) 2. 	
(8) Adjusted per capita loss (A) (6) -j- (7)	
(9) CPI Adjustment Factor (b) s. 	
(10) Adjusted per capita loss (b) (6) •— (9)	
(11) Fire fatalities  	
8,120
$37,389,116
$4,605
2,241.4
3.62
$16.68
1.101
$15.15
1.040
$16.04
100
7,613
$45,693,116
$6,002
2,302.4
3.31
$19.85
1.232
$16.11
1.110
$17.88
116
7,526
$62,842,182
$8,350
2,375.7
3.17
$26.45
1.347
$19.64
1.239
$21.35
129
7,782
$66,461,246
$8,540
2,433.2
3.20
$27.31
1.440
$18.97
1.377
$19.84
129
7,433
$77,566,724
$10,432
2,466.6
3.01
$31.45
1.605
$19.31
1.510
$20.83
110
1 Population statistics were provided by Statistics Canada.   The figures for 1966 and 1971 were actual census
figures. The others are estimates by Statistics Canada.
s Adjustment Factor: In an effort to get a more realistic picture of losses over the years, some form of
adjustment factors were necessary to take inflation into consideration.  We chose
(A) the B.C. Residential Building Construction Input Price Index, as provided by the Central Mortgage
and Housing Corp., using 1971 as a base of 1.000; and
(b) Consumer Price Index for Vancouver with 1971 = 1.000.
 E 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
NUMBER OF FIRES. 1967-76
B      8,000
2
Z
7,000
6,000
71 72
Chart 1
FIRES PER CAPITA. 1967-76
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1976
E 23
ANNUAL FIRE DOLLAR LOSS. 1967-76
o
p
 E 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA
AVERAGE DOLLAR LOSS PER FIRE, 1967-76
Q
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Chart 4
73
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1976
E 25
ACTUAL AND ADJUSTED PER CAPITA FIRE LOSS (DOLLARS), 1967-76
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Chart 5
 E 26
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FIRE FATALITIES. 1967-76
160
60
67
69
70
71 72
Chart 6
73
75
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1978
1,530-178-6819

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