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Report of the Government of British Columbia Forest Service Year Ended December 31, 1975 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1976

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Full Text

 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Department of Forests
HON. T. M. WATERLAND,
Minister
J. S. STOKES,
Deputy Minister
Report of the
\
GOVERNMENT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOREST SERVICE
Year Ended December 31, 1975
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's
Most Excellent Majesty in right of the Province
of British Columbia
1976
 The Honourable Walter S. Owen, Q.C, L.L.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia
May it Please Your Honour:
Herewith I respectfully submit the Annual Report of
the Forest Service for 1975.
T. M. WATER LAND
Minister of Forests
 The Honourable T. M. Waterland
Minister of Forests
Victoria, B.C.
Sir: This is the Annual Report of the
Forest Service for 1975.
J.S.STOKES
Deputy Minister of Forests
  Contents
Directory 6
Organization 7
The Financial Picture 9
Five Years At A Glance 10
The Royal Commission 12
Reforestation 13
Nursery Operations 14
Seed Production 15
Seed Orchards 15
Forest Camps 16
Research 17
Engineering 18
Range Matters 19
Forest Fires 20
Re-Organization 22
ForesTalk 23
Statistics 25
 T6
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Directory
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
J. S. Stokes,Deputy Minister of Forests, Victoria
E. L. Young, Chief Forester, Victoria
R. W. RobbinS, Assistant Chief Forester (Operations). Victoria
W. Young, Assistant Chief Forester (Resource Management), Victoria
P. J. J. Hemphill,Director of Services, Victoria
STAFF CONSULTANT
J. A. K. Reid, Victoria
STAFF DIVISION HEADS
E. W. Anderson, Acting Director, Range Division, Victoria
R. D. Thomas,  Manager, Special Studies Division, Victoria
J. H. Carradice, Director, Forest Service Training School, Surrey
A. M. Brand, Personnel Officer-in-charge, Personnel Division, Victoria
R. W. Long, Departmental Comptroller, Victoria
D. H. Owen,  Forester-in-charge, Protection Division, Victoria
L. W. Lehrle, Forester-in-charge, Engineering Division, Victoria
E. H. Lyons, Forester-in-charge, Information Division, Victoria
D. R. Glew, Forester-in-charge, Valuation Division, Victoria
G. C. Warrack, Forester-in-charge, Research Division, Victoria
H. G. Bancroft,   Forester-in-charge, Administration Division, Victoria
E. Knight,   Forester-in-charge, Reforestation Division, Victoria
C. J. Highsted,   Forester-in-charge, Resource Planning Division, Victoria
J. B. Bruce,   Forester-in-charge, Inventory Division, Victoria
DISTRICT FORESTERS
H. M. Pogue, District Forester, Vancouver
W. G. Bishop, District Forester, Prince Rupert
M. G. Isenor, District Forester, Prince George
E. W. Robinson, District Forester, Cariboo
A. H. Dixon, District Forester, Kamloops
J. R. Johnston, District Forester, Nelson
 ,    ^lll_OI     JLILVIUL     ,   C   ^
Organization
MINISTER OF FORESTS
DEPUTY MINISTER OF FORESTS
CHIEF FORESTER
STAFF CONSULTANT
DIRECTOR OF SERVICES
PERSONNEL PROTECTION INFORMATION
RANGE SPECIAL STUDIES
ASSISTANT CHIEF FORESTER
(RESOURCE MANAGEMENT)
ASSISTANT CHIEF FORESTER
(OPERATIONS)
TRAINING COMPTROLLER ENGINEERING
SCHOOL
FOREST DISTRICTS
VALUATION    RESEARCH   ADMINISTRATION
VANCOUVER        PRINCE PRINCE CARIBOO        KAMLOOPS        NELSON
RUPERT GEORGE
REFORESTATION   RESOURCE   INVENTORY
PLANNING
FOREST DISTRICT BOUNDARY —
DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS O
RANGER STATION
  FOREST SERVICE 1975 T9
jl lie j?iiiaiici<Ai Jl icture
In the light of hard facts and figures, 1975 was a
difficult year for British Columbia in terms of revenue
derived from the province's forest resource.
The figures tell the story. Return from stumpage and
other sources for the calendar year totalled nearly $58
million—$57,979,807 to be exact.
That figure compares with $197.2 million for 1974—a
difference of some $139.2 million.
Reflecting the downward trend are the timber harvest
figures for the calendar year: A cut of 7,545,287
cunits (cunit: 100 cubic feet) on the coastal region;
and 10,139,399 cunits for the interior. These figures
compare with 9,844,364 cunits cut on the coast in
1974, and 11,374,755 cut in the interior.
The overall 1975 harvest picture for the province
shows a 16.6 percent decrease over 1974.
Economic conditions in 1974 started with an
optimistic note, but by mid year lumber prices had
declined and in November the government was forced
to freeze stumpage prices at minimum rates, except
for integrated companies on the coast. In January
1975 lumber prices improved and in July the
stumpage freeze was lifted. Despite the improved
lumber prices, the market remained uncertain and the
economy did not pick up as expected.
What about the immediate future? Prospects for 1976
appear a little brighter. By year's end economists
generally were optimistically saying we were "at the
bottom" with encouraging prospects of revival seen
for mid-to-late 1976. They cautiously added that the
rise would be gradual, and they based their
assumptions on such things as the presidential election
in the U.S.A., and a noticeable increase in the number
of housing starts both in Canada and the United States.
To use an old adage we are looking to 1976 with
"guarded optimism".
 T10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Jr ive Years at a vxiance
Timber Harvest
Coast
■    Interior
Billion Cubic Feet
15
10.0    9.9
1971     1972     1973     1974     1975
Area Logged
Clear Cut
■I    Selective Cut
335.0 3285
368.8
i&
323.3
Thousands of Acres
300
248.3
.200
100
5 48.0 591 44.5 47.1
1971 1972 1973 1974 1975
Reforestation
Millions of Trees
75
64.9
56.2
48.4
53.8
43.8
-
50
25
1971     1972     1973     1974     1975
 FOREST SERVICE 1975
T11
Reforestation
Thousands of Acres
102.1
110.8
119.6
"142.0"
150
1971 1972 1973 1974 1975
Revenue
Millions of Dollars
300
197 2
200
102,6
100
57.9
1971 1972 1973 1974 1975
Expenditures (Fiscal Year)
Millions of Dollars
1970-71 1971-72       1972-73       1973-74       1974-75
 T12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The Royal Commission
Perhaps one of the most significant highlights of the
year was the formation of a Royal Commission on
Forest Resources. The one-man commission, formed
in June, was headed by the noted forester and
economist Dr. Peter Pearse of the University of B.C.
The commission heard a total of 195 submissions in a
round of hearings held in Prince George, Nelson,
Prince Rupert, Kamloops, Victoria and Vancouver
(in that order) between August and December.
Those submitting briefs ranged from individual citizens
and outdoor clubs and societies to the province's
largest timber industries.
From that great mass of data the commissioner will
prepare his report. It's expected to be finished by
early summer of 1976.
 FOREST SERVICE 1975 T13
Reforestation
Significant strides were made in our reforestation
program, although both government and industry
cutbacks, and also a lack of adequately prepared
planting sites made it impossible to plant all of the
seedlings produced by our nurseries. Close to 65
million seedlings were planted on a total of 142,000
acres by all agencies—33.5 million by the Forest
Service, and approximately 31.5 million by various
companies.
This was an increase of 11 million trees over the
previous year, and of this increase the Forest Service
planted 9 million while industry looked after 2 million.
Because of the scope of the province-wide operations,
231 contracts were awarded to outside planters; with
the Forest Service either administering or actually
conducting a total of 559 planting projects.
In various Public Sustained Yield Units some 21,000
acres were prepared for natural regeneration, with
an additional 49,000 acres prepared for planting by
means of burning, windrowing or mechanical methods.
More than 3,400 acres (mostly in the Vancouver
district) of immature timber stands and plantations
were thinned or cleared of brush.
Although it has been a problem of varying degree for
years, the presence of tree-damaging dwarf mistletoe
was attacked on a large scale for the first time. Nearly
1,400 acres of mistletoe infected stands were
"treated" by removing the infected trees.
Throughout the year 284,000 acres of logged and/or
burned land were examined to determine re-stocking
requirements. Approximately 170,000 acres were
regarded as satisfactorily stocked. The remaining
114,000 will be planted as time, funds and
personnel permit.
 T14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Nursery Operations
Six years ago we set a target (and it developed into a
challenging slogan) of 75 million seedlings by 1975.
The objective was surpassed by a great margin. In
1975 our nurseries produced 91 million trees for
planting in the Fall of this year and in 1976.
In addition to their normal production programs, the
nurseries also produced nearly two million deciduous
seedlings—intended originally as part of a
federally-sponsored urban improvement program
related to the United Nations Habitat Conference to
be held in Vancouver in the summer of 1976.
In July, with the Habitat seedlings program well
underway, the Federal government suddenly withdrew
its financial support. By year's end we were still
wrestling with the problem, with various distribution
proposals being considered.
In summary 1975 was the most successful ever
recorded in nursery operations. This was due primarily
to improved cultural practices, improved fertilization
procedures, and the addition of agricultural specialists
who have proved valuable in responding to
local problems.
There has been a significant improvement in stock
quality, particularly in transplantable interior spruce
which is far superior to standard planting stock
produced a short three years ago.
Because of staff and funding limitations, less acreage
harvested and fewer sites prepared, large quantities
of plantable 2-0 stock will be held over for
transplanting in 1976.
 FOREST SERVICE 1975 T15
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Enough seed was sown in our nurseries throughout
the province to produce an estimated 77,400,000
trees; and at the seed extraction plant at Duncan,
4,868 hectolitres (13,874 bushels) of cones were
processed,.
Tree seed register data was incorporated into a
computer system with the resulting variety of listings
proving valuable for planning and operation purposes.
Seed Orchards
Since 1963 a total of 20 seed orchards have been
established on 161 acres. Prior to 1973 these orchards
were confined to the south coastal region, but now
they have been extended to the interior. This year a
17 acre Douglas-fir orchard was planted in Saanich
(near Victoria) to produce improved quality seed for
the south coastal-interior transition zone. Seed from
controlled crosses was sown to produce stock for
another orchard to serve the west coast zone of
Vancouver Island.
In the interior, 8,000 grafts were completed for a
white spruce orchard for the Prince George Forest
District; parent tree selections for a spruce orchard
for the Smithers area were also started as were
selections for a seed orchard in the Kamloops
Forest District.
 T16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Forest Camps
The Forest Service continued its interest and
participation in the Attorney General Department's
corrections camp program. Young inmates (mostly
first offenders) worked on a wide variety of projects
including land clearing, lumber production, tree
thinning, nursery work, fence post production, log
salvage and fire fighting. In the Prince George region,
several inmates served in forest fire lookout towers.
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 FOREST SERVICE 1975 T17
Research
Operating funds for research were increased during
the year, allowing the Research Division to add six
new positions to its establishment. These included a
biometrician, a geneticist for the lodgepole pine
programme and four pedologists, who have been
assigned to Forest Districts. There are now 28
foresters or scientists in the division with a supporting
staff of 38. In addition, six research contracts were
awarded, two in physiology, three in silviculture and
one in economics.
The increase in staff permitted the continued
development of the genetics program with the
initiation of a breeding project in lodgepole pine. This
program complements the provenance studies already
in the field and at the same time provides material for
future seed production. The test of interior spruce
progenies was continued while on the coast, the
breeding program for coastal Douglas-fir advanced
to the point where the first progeny plots have been
planted. Provenance plots of Sitka spruce were also
set out in the field.
As measurements from the ojder plots in the Douglas
fir, lodgepole pine and spruce programs become
available, the addition of a biometrician will greatly
hasten their analysis and interpretation so that useful
information can be applied as soon as possible to the
practical reforestation programs.
It was hoped a southern interior forest research centre
would be established at Vernon in the Okanagan Valley
during the year. The Land Commission approved the
use of 25 acres for the purpose, but funds were not
made available to start work. In addition, 160 acres
have been reserved in the Trinity Hills near Enderby
and 20 of these were cleared and fenced in preparation
for an arboretum and clone bank. A start was made
in October when 5,000 seedlings of Douglas-fir and
larch were planted.
During the year, the division became administratively
responsible for the forest productivity program, while
waiting for the appointment of a co-ordinator, who
took over the task in December. The plot establishment
phase for the lower coast is now complete. The
division, without any addition in staff, also became
responsible for the provision of a secretariat for the
working committee of the Forest Research Board.
 T18 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Engineering
The Engineering Program, particularly in the physical
survey, design and construction sections, continued
to decline during the year. Work was started on the
Kluskus, Roscoe Inlet, Cayoosh-Joffre and Head Bay
Forest Roads, but with a cutback in funds, most
projects were not completed. Support was given to
the district engineering organizations in evaluating
roads and bridges either constructed or proposed by
licencees.
The work of the land titles section continued to grow
as more and more access across alienated land was
required for planned logging.
Clearing operations continued on the Mica, Peace and
Duncan reservoirs at a reduced scale as compared to
previous years. The Mica project was shut down
completely in the fall at the request of B.C. Hydro.
The development of new techniques to dispose of
floating debris continued and a raft in the form of
a floating basket was successfully placed in operation
to burn debris floating on Lake Williston.
A senior technician was assigned to co-ordinate
communications, research and development and
resulted in improved support to the forest districts.
Five radio repeaters were placed in service during the
year to expand the Forest Service communications
network and new control consoles were installed in
the Nelson and Vancouver district headquarters to
provide flexibility in the control of the district radio
systems.
 runcoi  ocnviuc   iy/o
Range Matters
Our role as mangers of Crown rangeland remained
fairly low because of various uncertainties and changes
in overall jurisdiction. For example: the Department
of Agriculture took over the administration of several
large range areas in the Peace and Prince George
regions.
Range management in other areas was studied with
the objective of assessing the possibility of adopting
some of their ideas in B.C. Emphasis was placed on
the need for co-ordinated planning to involve other
range users. Such plans have been initiated in the
southeastern corner of the province where conflict
between cattlement and others has existed for
many years.
 orestrires
There was 2,713 forest fires throughout the province
in 1975, and it cost the Forest Service $7,760,463 to
fight them. In addition, other agencies spent $1.3
million on fire suppression operations.
The largest number of blazes—725—occurred in the
Vancouver Forest District, followed by 664 in the
Kamloops district.
The year's fires covered a total of 61,508 acres and
caused timber losses and other damage amounting
to $1,356,837.
Lightning was again the chief cause, starting 1,417
fires. Careless smokers were next in line, responsible
for 289. Campers, hunters, fishermen and other
recreationalists were blamed for 249, while logging
and other industrial operations accounted for 133.
Other causes included railways, brush and range fires,
general construction operations, incendiary,
and miscellaneous.
A series of severe lightning storms over the coastal
region early in July resulted in nearly 400 fires in a
two-week period. A large number of helicopters were
used to transport crews and drop retardant on many
otherwise inaccessible and high-elevation fires
started by lightning.
The prescribed slash burning program was established
on a more stable basis with the addition of a fulltime
fuel management officer at Victoria headquarters, and
assisgnment of similar specialists at all Forest
District headquarters.
Fire wasn't our only major enemy from a protection
point of view. The year also presented serious insect
problems. There were major outbreaks of mountain
pine beetle, Douglas-fir tussock moth, false hemlock
looper and spruce bark beetle infestations throughout
the province. It was a serious problem for our resource
managers and development despite extensive control
measures taken during the year.
While the efforts were generally successful, it is felt
far more planning and research are required to develop
economic and safe techniques to minimize the insect
infestations.
 Still further extensive damage was created by natural
causes in the Prince George district. In November
fierce winds swept from Bowron Lake Park to Purden
Lake—20 miles east of Prince George. Left in the wake
of the storm were more than 9,000 acres of uprooted
and damaged trees. The blowdown damage covered
areas ranging from a few acres to some as large as
2,000 acres.
By year's end plans were already underway to salvage
the damaged timber and replant the area.
 T22 bSHIMSHCOLUMBIA
Re-Organization
A major re-organization of the Administration Division
took place in June, elevating the planning and
appraisal sections to division status.
The Resource Planning Division is now responsible for
development and direction of the integrated resource
management program of the Forest Service.
Major activities included preparation of Public
Sustained Yield Unit allowable annual cut estimates;
management of the Computer Assisted Resource
Planning (CARP) program; development of watershed
planning (folio) procedures; and development of the
forest recreation program.
The new division, together with the Fish and Wildlife
Branch's habitat protection section, has completed a
detailed report involving methods and progress in
resource folio planning. The report also includes
material provided by other resource agencies.
The appraisal section is now incorporated into the new
Valuation Division—responsible for appraisals, export,
marketing, scaling, cruising and productivity studies.
The Administration Division was deeply involved in the
preparation of numerous tables and other material
for the Pearse Royal Commission. It also rewrote the
timber administration manual. A further step toward
decentralization was taken when trespass
administration became the responsibility of the
Forest Districts.
Disposition of wood supplies in the Northeast study
areas was reviewed, and by year's end plans were
being made to commit the first phase. Softening of the
pulp chip market reduced the pressure on the overall
review, and this led to more detailed attention being
given to specific operators of the region.
 FOREST SERVICE 1975 T23
//
Ft rp   11   ft
Our well-received magazine "ForesTalk", which
commenced publication in September 1973, was
suspended after the summer, 1975, edition. In its
place there appeared a magazine entitled "Land",
embracing practically all provincial land-use
departments, and produced under the auspices of
the Environment and Land Use Committee.
One edition of the new version was completed in the
fall and circulated to all households in the province.
A review is now underway to determine the magazine
best suited to fulfil the need for public information
on forest progress in our province.
  APPENDIX
TABULATED DETAILED STATEMENTS TO SUPPLEMENT  THE  REPORT   OF   THE   FOREST   SERVICE,
1975
  FOREST SERVICE,  1975
T 27
CONTENTS
Table
1—
2
3
5—:
Summary of Planting, 1966-75	
-Planting, by Forest District, 1975	
-Acres Clearcut and Acres Planted in Public Sustained-yield Units, by
Forest District, 1971-75	
-Summary of Basic Data for Tree-farm Licences (Private Sustained-yield
Units), 1975	
Summary of Basic Data for Certified Tree-farms (Private Sustained-yield
Units Over Crown-granted Lands), 1975	
-Summary of Basic Data for Farm Wood-lot Licences (Private Sustained-
yield Units ), 1975	
Page
. 29
. 30
30
7-—Summary of Basic Data for Public Sustained-yield Units	
8—Summary of Basic Data for Tree-farm Licences (Private Sustained-yield
Units), 1975	
31
31
32
33
36
9—Total Amount of Timber Scaled Billed in British Columbia During the
Years 1974 and 1975 in Cunits  38
10—Total Scale of All Products Billed in 1975 in Cunits  39
11—Species Cut, All Products, in Cunits, 1975  40
12—Acreage Logged in 1975—   40
13-
14-
15-
16-
17-
18
19-
20-
21-
22
23-
24
25-
26-
27-
28-
29-
30-
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
-Acreage Logged in 1975.
-Average Stumpage Prices by Species and Forest Districts on Cutting Permits of Timber Sale Harvesting Licences and Timber Sales Issued
During 1975 per Cunit Log Scale	
-Average Stumpage Prices Received by Species and Forest Districts on
Timber Scaled From Tree-farm Licence Cutting Permits During 1975___
-Timber Cut and Billed From Timber Sales and Timber Sale Harvesting
Licences, 1975	
-Wood-processing Plants of the Province	
-Export of Logs, 1975	
—Exports From the Province of Minor Forest Products	
41
42
43
44
45
45
-Uses of Crown Range_._.   46
-Fire Occurrences by Months  47
-Number and Causes of Forest Fires  47
-Number and Causes of Forest Fires for the Last 10 Years  47
-Fires Classified by Size and Timber Loss, 1975  48
-Loss of Property Other Than Forests, 1975  49
-Loss of Forest Cover Caused by Forest Fires, 1975 (Part 1)  49
-Loss of Forest Cover Caused by Forest Fires, 1975 (Part 2)  50
-Fire Causes, Area Burned, Forest Service Cost, and total Loss, 1975  51
-Comparison of Loss Caused by Fire for the Last 10 Years  52
-Forest Revenue, Fiscal Year 1974/75  53
-Forest Revenue, 1971-75  53
-Amounts Charged Against Logging Operations, Fiscal Year 1974/75  54
-Amounts Charged Against Logging Operations, 1975  55
-Forest Service Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1974/75  56
-Scaling Fund  56
-Grazing Range Improvement Fund  57
-Reservoir Waterway Improvements  57
—Accelerated Reforestation Fund  57
  FOREST SERVICE,  1975
T 29
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 T 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 2—Planting, by Forest District, 1975
(Number of trees in thousands, acres in parentheses below)
Forest
Service on
Crown Land
and Crown-
granted
Land
Companies
on TSL's,
TSHL's on
Crown Land
Companies on Tree-farm Licences
Tree-farm
Companies
on Other
Private
District
Crown
Land
Crown-
granted
Land
Total
Total
Vancouver
7,999.3
(16,187)
1,503.2
(3,193)
1 nsfi r
7,453.4
(19,847)
303.1
(901)
727.0
(1,993)
1,091.7
(2,148)
1,122 0
1,766.4
(4,844)
9,219.8
(24,691)
303.1
(901)
727.0
(1,993)
1,091.7
1,052.5
(3,123)
3,071.0
(7,113)
22,845.8
(54,307)
5,389.9
(9,190)    |      (2.396)
6,226.0    |       4,702.0
(12,494)    |      (9,634)
3,261.7    |       2,398.1
(6,757)    |      (4,533)
5,532.7           2,042.91
(12,300)    |      (3,480)
6,440.0    |       2,657.0
(13,035)    |      (5,391)
(12,487)
11,655.0
(24,121)
6,751.5
	
(2,148)
1,120.0
(2,244)
189.0
(412)
322.0
(829)
(13,438)
9,019.6
(2,244)
189.0
(412)
(18,853)
9,286.0
(18,838)
Totals
33,459.7    |     14,390.0
(69,963)    |     (28,627)
1
10,886.2
(27,545)
1,766.4    |  12,652.6
(4,844)       (32,389)
1,374.5
(3,952)
3.071.0
(7,113)
64,947.8
(142,044)
1 33,000 trees (20 acres) planted by Dept. of Highways and Cominco (Parks).
Table 3—Acres Clearcut and Acres Planted in Public Sustained-yield Units, by
Forest District, 1971-75 (Acres Planted Includes Forest Service and Licensee
Planting in PSYU's)
District
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
Total
Per Cent
Cutover
Planted
(5-yr. Period)
Vancouver—
Acres clearcut	
28,901
21,485
21,280
10,554
73,346
6,460
25,769
4,766
27,128
6,356
28,447
6,645
28,431
27,604
20,243
8,287
73,683
4,840
33,534
5,269
37,343
5,381
32,980
8,902
38,168
28,205
30,815
17,212
78,107
8,274
32,704
6,506
42,074
3,635
32,304
9,505
25,282
21,375
29,409
8,132
82,242
14,281
30,621
11,540
26,952
7,318
30,716
10,557
225,222
73,743
21,339
19,380
17,341
12,487
66,359
24,121
29,328
18,838
26,042
13,438
19,917
18,853
180,326
107,117
142,121
118,049
119,088
56,672
373,737
57,976
151,956
46,919
159,539
36,128
144,364
54,462
81.1
Prince Rupert—
Acres clearcut
47 6
Prince George—
Acres clearcut	
15 5
Cariboo—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted	
Kamloops—
Acres clearcut	
30.9
22.6
Nelson—
Acres clearcut ___
37.7
Totals—
204,871
56,265
226,214
60,283
254,172
73,337
1,090,805
370,746
34.0
 FOREST SERVICE,  1975
T 31
Table 4—Summary of Basic Data for Tree-farm Licences (Private Sustained-yield
Units), 1975
Number
of
Tree-farm
Licences
Productive Area
Total
Area
Schedule
Bl
Schedule
A2
Total
Cut
Vancouver   	
17S
63
1
1
7
5
Acres
2,955,745
3,541,531
390,933
81,196
726,556
1,389,164
Acres
1,142,299
204,556
1,733
695
1.846
Acres
4,098,044
3,746,087
392,666
81,891
728.402
Acres
6,559,863
11,046,746
447,946
85,047
780,491
3,344,843
Cunits
4,651,483
1,778,100
Prince George .	
149,000
47,600
260,755
Nelson  	
38,730  |    1,427,894
566,350
34
9,085,125
1,389,859
10,474,984
22.264.936  1     7.453.288
1 Vacant Crown land.
2 Land for which the tree-farm licence holder has cutting rights other than those conveyed by the tree-farm
licence agreement. This may include lands held in fee-simple or temporary tenures, e.g., timber leases, licences,
and berths. Following removal of the mature timber, lands held under temporary tenure are transferred to
Schedule B.
3 Three tree-farm licences located in both districts.
Table 5—Summary of Basic Data for Certified Tree-farms (Private Sustained-yield
Units Over Crown-granted Lands), 1975
INCLUDED WITHIN TREE-FARM LICENCES
Number
of
Tree-
farms
Productive Area
Total
Area
Allowable
Annual
Cut or
Estimated
Productive
Capacity
Forest District
Mature
Immature
N.S.R.
and
N.C.C.
Total
14
1
2
Acres
57,048
33
494
Acres
233.271
Acres
34.561
Acres
324.880
I
Acres            Cunits
363.596          329.418
1,033  |          155
4,719 |      4,394
1,221 1         1,280 |            458
Nelson —.. 	
9,607  |        10,158 j          4,312
Totals 	
17
57,575
239,023
39,110
335,708  |      375,394
1
334,188
NOT INCLUDED WITHIN TREE-FARM LICENCES
21
10
94,401
105,953
305,050
215,287
40,884
96,230
440,335
417,470
476,551
486,903
461,030
Nelson 	
106,989
(339,595)
Totals 	
31
200,354
520,337
137,114
857,805
963,454
568,019
(339,595)
48
257,929
759,360
176,224
1,193,513
1,338,848
902,207
(339,595)
Figures in parentheses () are Christmas trees.
 T 32
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 6—Summary of Basic Data for Farm Wood-lot Licences (Private
Sustained-yield Units), 1975
Forest District
Number
of Farm
Wood-lot
Licences
Productive Area
Total
Area
Allowable
Annual
Cut
Crown
Private
Total
11
4
4
10
3
4
Acres
1,686
1,274
997
2,690
691
1,359
Acres
158
147
Acres
1,844
1,421
997
3,027
787
1,976
Acres
2,393
2,436
1,032
3,586
859
2,071
Cunits
786
284
400
337
96
617
716
223
267
36
8,697
1,355
10,052
12,377
2,676
 FOREST SERVICE,  1975
T 33
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 T 38
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 9—Total Amount of Timber Scaled Billed in British Columbia During
the Years 1974 and 1975 in Cunits
Forest District
10-year
Average,
1965-75
1974
1975
Increase
Decrease
Net
Decrease
8,039,653.15
1,537,624.44
8,114,317.27
1,730,047.20
6,355,485.76
1,189,801.34
1,758,831.51
540.245.86
Prince Rupert (Coast)	
Totals, Coast      	
9,577,277.59 |    9,844,364.47 |    7,545,287.10
| 2,299,077.37 |   	
Prince Rupert (Interior)..
1,155,235.93
3,387,672.37
554,696.20
2,555,838.02
1,802,518.47
1,464,852.25
3,886,380.18
1,775,544.91
2,216,576.88
2,031,401.62
1,125,846.72
3,378,124.82
1,922,541.96
1,985,440.39
1,727,445.99
146,997.05
339,005.53
508,255.36
231,136.49
303,955.63
—      	
Cariboo2 	
  —
9,455,960.99
11,374,755.84 |  10,139,399.88
1,235,355.96
19,033,238.58
21.219 190 30   I   17.684 686 98
13.534.433.33
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i Includes Cariboo District in previous years.
2 Reported by Kamloops and Prince George Districts in previous years.
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 T 40
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 11-—Species Cut, All Products, in Cunits, 1975
Forest District
Fir
Cedar
Spruce
Lodgepole
Pine
Hemlock
Balsam
White
Pine
1,204,626.33
25,911.88
1,361,548.20
228,588.86
102,934.27
213,270.97
6,564.28
626.43
1                     1
2,359,615.64| 1,080,061.251       36,777.97
Prince Rupert (Coast) —
537,136.85|   133,153.02          1,622.23
Totals, Coast..-
1,230,538.21|1,590,137.06|   316,205.24|       7,190.71
2,896,752.49] 1,213,214.27]       38,400.30
Prince Rupert (Interior)
2.72
97,912.97
544,591.08
430,944.89
201,270.30
58,940.46|   242,333.37
21.593.62 1.817.503.90
284,632.03
1,092,010.93
719,243.29
424,842.38
254,997.87
321,409.97
6,573.10
2,777.70
101,134.40
202,411.89
165,092.75
322,172.44
93,541.84
226,741.93
216,096.14
13,150.63
33.15
13,118.99
156,695.53
282,911.27
542,561.32
562,207.31
423,547.23
Kamloops  —	
18,357.84
40,440.08
Totals, Interior
1,274,721.96|   533,259.87|3,588,153.13
2,775,726.50
634,307.06|1,023,645.10|       71,981.70
Grand totals
2,505,260.17 2,123,396.93|3,904,358.37
1
2,782,917.21
3,531,059.55(2,236,859.37
110,382.00
Forest District
Yellow
Pine
Cypress
Larch
Hardwood
Cottonwood
Unspecified
Total
1
17.09     140.856.88
1.46
18,373.62
398.23
21,460.75
20,428.65
22,648.02
6,428.03
6,355,485.76
Prince Rupert (Coast).—
22,236.09
1,189,801.34
Totals, Coast—
17.09
163,092.97
1.46J     18,771.85
41,889.40
29,076.05| 7,545,287.10
1.64
5,376.83
10,290.90
476.46
1,455.25
1,045.82
22,994.90
4,625.08
27.91
3,908.57
1,870.27
11,911.42
5,350.07
5,926.28
8,326.97
8,303.99
1,125,846.72
58.66
3,378,124.82
277.09
29,757.53
12,006.75
1,922,541.96
8.64
21,059.15
82,544.38
1,985,440.39
1,727,445.99
Totals, Interior..
42,041.37
10.28
103,662.19]     18,645.26
33,426.73|     39,818.73(10,139,399.88
Grand totals	
42,058.46
163,103.25
103,663.65
37,417.11
75,316.13
68,894.78 17,684,686.98
Table 12—Acreage Logged in 1975
Forest District
Clear Cutting
Selective Cutting
Total
48,719
27,689
78,192
33,169
31,359
29,205
874
2,415
145
19,930
16,276
7,482
49,593
30,104
78,337
53,099
47,635
36,687
Totals, 1975	
248,333
323,324
368,792
328,553
334,994
47,122
44,488
59,121
48,005
73,039
295,455
Totals, 1974    	
367,812
Totals, 1973 — -	
427,913
376,558
408,033
Totals, 1972  	
Totals, 1971 	
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T 45
Table 17—Export of Logs, 1975
(In Cunits)
Species
Grade 1
Grade 2
Grade 3
Ungraded
and
Lumber
Reject
Total
Exportable!
Exported
Under
Permits
Fir	
49.93
4,885.28
5,610.08
952.31
566.70
6,869.41
16,072.78
2,642.60
108.25
3,560.19
4,023.81
4,810.11
41,259.28
22,738.38
4,640.44
16,564.80
62,942.14
26,333.29
7,194.99
404.84
29,394.73
2,647.73
3.29
4,208,78
1,060.84
34,341.97
12,529.59
6,088.91
332.30
12,564.77
2,320.00
431.66
15,503.96
28,600.17
13,803.70
7,194.99
1,106.08
6.07
562.23
290.52
25,272.31
72.54
16,829.96
327.73
2,647.73
3.29
3.29
Totals, 1975 	
Totals, 1974	
Totals, 1973  	
Totals, 1972 	
12,065.90
6,160.08
1,547.29
7,170.96
28,743.15
32,223.51
5,988.29
36,195.62
20,213.74
16,251.72
29,819.93
31,906.35
6,379.71
23,086.45
60,941.92
76,299.24
30,313.47
44,828.35
68,868.00
45,337.90
98,397.70
155,541.43
32,746.90
67,532.09
168,170.90
308,001.74
172,708.17
201,117.53
214,992.39
146,668.99
9,842.72
16,423.46
6,834.56
4,088.45
23,244.25
83,962.11
50,402.81
26,956.46
34,954.73
28,219.74
150,126.25
210,031.32
47,508.46
101,877.95
281,100.22
500,486.60
259,412.74
309,097.96
339,028.86
236,677.35
73,447.16
113,267.52
32,679.96
30,058.46
46,304.25
134,557.34
106,553.49
162,651.30
114,189.13
73,488.20
76,679.09
96,763.80
14,828.50
71,819.49
Totals, 1971	
Totals, 1970 _	
Totals, 1969.	
Totals, 1968	
234,795.97
365,929.26
152,859.25
146,446.66
Totals, 1967	
Totals, 1966 __	
224,839.73
163,189.15
Ten-year average, 1966-75
16,656.03
41,798.13
156,587.78
28,492.83
243,534.77
88,719.68
154,815.09
1 Export privilege—exported from lands Crown-granted prior to March 13, 1906.
2 Exported under permit from Crown lands and lands granted after March 12, 1906, under authority of
section 97 of the Forest Act.
Table 18—Exports From the Province of Minor Forest Products, 1975
Quantity
Exported
Approximate
Value
F.O.B.
Where Marketed
Forest District
Canada
United
States
Other
Countries
Vancouver-
Poles.-	
Piling.- „.
 lin. ft.
i
2,532,757
37,800
1,688,873
1,731
18,816
841
6,046
2,255
66,700
100,560
1,080
27,507
6,400
20,877
120
581,893
13,433
98,575
9
2,074
648,644
76,000
28,817
$
5,065,514.00
75,600.00
337,774.60
1,731.00
2,499,937.00
31,124.00
208,580.00
5,637.00
311,220.00
71,975.00
5,059.00
60,147.36
2,240.00
17,745.45
5,400.00
24,661.00
1,343.00
19,715.00
720.00
155,550.00
648,644.00
15,200.00
922,144.00
659,603
37,800
224,090
1,350,530
1,464,783
1,731
4,516
244
5,744
654
522,624
Prince Rupert—
14,300
597
302
1,601
66,700
100,560
1,026
3,215
6,400
2,566
581,893
13,433
98,575
9
1,995
123,145
76,000
Prince George—
 54
3,215
18,311
120
Cariboo—Christmas trees  _
Kamloops—
  pieces
    lin. ft.
21,077
Nelson—■
____ __    lin. ft.
79
525,499
Pulp chips.-- 	
  units
28,817
	
Total value, 1975	
.... 1 10,487,661.41
 .	
Total value, 1974
25,403,297.39
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T 47
Table 20—Fire Occurrences by Months
Forest District
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Total
Per
Cent
Vancouver	
1
1
....
1
21
4
28
6
9
26
38
41
55
43
53
51
21
46
72
67
24
504
140
230
326
135
235
69
9
11
85
35
30
39
25
32
62
21
24
14
3
22
29
4
14
6
1
725
240
382
664
312
390
26.7
8.8
Prince George	
Kamloops	
Nelson _	
Cariboo 	
14.1
24.5
11.5
14.4
Totals
3
0.1
68
2.5
256
9.4
281
10.4
1,570
57.9
239
8.8
203
7.4
86
3.2
7
0.3
2,713
100.0
100.0
16
0.6
69
2.6
361
13.9
400
15.3
715
27.4
766
29.4
219
8.4
62
2.4
1
2,609
100.0
Table 21—Number and Causes of Forest Fires
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120
73
29
21
7
115
17
10
10
2
4
15
31
23
3
1
52
14
2
725
240
26.7
8.8
237
42
10
14
12
11
2
17
6
30
1
382
14.1
Kamloops 	
279
60
40
89
26
7
4
27
38
91
3
664
24.5
Nelson	
144
28
28
34
8
3
14
3
46
4
312
11.5
221
17
7
20
17
18
1
21
43
19
6
390
14.4
Totals	
1,417
249
113
289
83
42
25
133
94
252
16
2,713
100.0
52.2
9.2
4.2
10.7
3.1
1.2
1.0
5.0
3.5
9.3
0.6
100.0
Ten-year average.	
934
241
202
350
116
98
50
207
64
323
24
2,609
35.8
9.2
7.7
13.4
4.4
3.7
2.0
8.0
2.4
12.4
1.0
100.0
Table 22—Number and Causes of Forest Fires for the Last 10 Years
Causes
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
Total
374
230
170
281
156
149
101
164
14
292
36
958
288
455
464
128
138
93
248
42
348
54
708
131
121
179
65
53
34
126
23
193
14
646
188
238
374
133
128
52
206
19
313
21
1,803
302
246
501
146
191
30
255
70
432
27
1,327
211
175
309
129
105
50
205
70
303
14
583
188
136
267
70
59
44
189
77
277
13
810
338
218
431
145
78
38
224
99
462
20
716
288
147
407
102
34
36
319
133
355
21
1,417
249
113
289
83
42
25
133
94
252
16
9,342
Recreational   (campers,  hunt-
2,413
Railroads operating	
2,019
3,502
Brush-burning (not railway or
1,157
977
Road, power, telephone, and
pipeline construction	
Industrial operations (logging,
etc.)	
503
2,069
641
Miscellaneous known causes	
Unknown causes __	
3,227
236
Totals..	
1,967
3,216
1,647
2,318
4,003
2,898
1,903
2,863
2,558
2,713
26,086
 T 48
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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 FOREST SERVICE,  1975 T 49
Table 24—Loss of Property Other Than Forests, 1975
Forest District
Forest
Products
Cut, Logs,
Lumber,
Etc.
Buildings
Railway,
Logging,
and
Sawmill
Equipment
Miscellaneous
Total
Per Cent
ot
Total
$
55,465
13,635
$
80
250
$
500
$
1,895
7,126
500
194
5
7,500
$
57,940
21,011
500
4,759
695
7,525
62 6
Prince Rupert—	
22 7
Prince George  	
0.5
65
500
25
4,500
5.1
190
10
8.1
Totals	
69,290
75.0
920
1.0
5,000
5.4
17,220
18.6
92,430
100.0
100.0
Ten-year average	
204,863
38.0
137,946
25.0
135,685
25.0
64,750
12.0
543,244
100.0
Table 25—Loss of Forest Cover Caused by Forest Fires, 1975 (Part I)1
Merchantable Timber
Immature Timber
Forest District
Net Area
Killed
Total
Volume
Killed
Salvable
Volume
of Timber
Killed
Net
Stumpage
Loss
Net Area
Killed
Present
Value
Acres
1,242
459
10,807
820
394
146
M Cu. Ft.
3,958
2,811
218,862
2,626
1,371
495
M Cu. Ft.
1,514
471
184,935
1,736
294
291
$
130,777
40,759
173,692
20,838
107,018
11,596
Acres
902
1,181
3,270
169
562
737
$
72,948
97,256
333,739
10,412
14,988
49,187
Totals                	
13,868
22.6
230,123
100.0
189,241
82.2
484,680
39.2
6,821
11.1
578,530
45.8
39,494
18.5
122,770
100.0
56,492
46.0
2,215,604
58.0
52,661
24.7
1,485,295
38.7
1 The dollar value of losses in merchantable and immature timber represents only stumpage loss to the
Crown.   Loss to the Provincial economy may be estimated at approximately 10 times the loss values shown.
 T 50
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c
 FOREST SERVICE, 1975
T 53
Table 29—Forest Revenue, Fiscal Year 1974/75
Timber licence rentals and fees
Timber berth rentals and fees ..
Timber lease rentals and fees __.
Timber sale rentals and fees	
Timber sale stumpage
Timber sale cruising and advertising
Timber royalties 	
Grazing permits and fees	
Forest-protection tax	
Miscellaneous 	
Weight-scaling
Indian Affairs Agreement	
TSHL fire-fighting costs, standby crews
Total	
551,570.06
81,729.63
86,409.80
666,179.19
128,742,530.03
136,539.58
7,601,685.33
692,459.38
973,414.63
1,707,315.82
2,533,555.42
151,585.78
517,523.92
144,442,498.57
Table 30—Forest Revenue, 1971/75
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1971
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1972
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1973
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1974
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1975
$
640,458.88
112,947.83
93,633.27
798,919.11
49,680,565.02
166,647.42
5,553,861.92
469,636.16
1,123,517.24
735,683.76
1,514,347.62
$
623,153.52
95,433.78
91,731.48
674,091.83
91,180,674.04
140,245.57
5,336,035.96
532,992.78
1,185,179.11
773,132.95
2,004,105.62
$
585,616.72
87,545.48
84,405.30
736,073.92
230,648,895.04
132,227.44
6,879,851.39
542,090.28
1,149,528.61
1,056,014.21
2,660,410.57
$
569,850.39
81,729.63
86,412.80
696,048.97
181,605,129.21
144,040.10
7,459,614.20
661,145.80
1,028,180.35
1,654,564.42
2,772,736.05
151,585.78
283,095.50
$
551,336.77
75,548.18
85,655.56
693,428.67
43,437,755.58
Timber sale cruising and advertising
113,492.20
6,142,472.77
514,595.23
1,136,279.10
Miscellaneous..—	
1,175,699.59
3,073,017.84
175,202.08
TSHL fire-fighting costs, standby crews..
282,596.87
651,038.38
Wood products - — 	
154,285.90
Totals    ....          	
60,890,218.23
102,636,776.64
244,845,255.83
197,200,142.26
57,979,807.85
 T 54
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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 T 56
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 33—Forest Service Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1974/75
$
General administration, protection, and management of forests
(includes SW 72) 	
Reforestation and forest nurseries 	
Forestry and Correction Camp program
Forest research 	
Public information and education	
Forest Service Training School.
Grant to Canadian Forestry Association	
Engineering services and forest-development roads
Fire suppression	
Forest inventory 	
Scaling Fund * 	
Silviculture 	
Public recreation in forest areas	
Grazing Range Improvement Fund
Peace River community pastures
Reservoir waterway improvements (includes SW 7)1
Accelerated Reforestation Fund x	
Special Warrant 20 Task Force Crown Timber Disposal
Total 	
37,582,434.02
13,327,070.94
31,559.00
604,638.53
176,078.28
60,218.87
30,000.00
3,773,292.58
8,051,042.13
2,099,480.21
3,467,740.01
1,438,222.59
604,570.67
359,308.03
23,865.76
4,019,873.41
665,661.98
149,568.81
76,464,625.82
1 Seepage 57.
Table 34—Scaling Fund
Deficit, April 1, 1974 	
Collections, fiscal year 1974/75
Expenditures, fiscal year 1974/75
Deficit, March 31, 1975 	
Collections, nine months, April to December 1975
568,791.57
2,716,497.36
2,147,705.79
3,462,567.40
1,314,861.61
1,972,072.19
657,210.58
Expenditures, nine months, April to December 1975   2,859,330.58
Deficit, December 31, 1975
2,202,120.00
 FOREST SERVICE,  1975 T 57
Table 35—Grazing Range Improvement Fund
$
Deficit, April 1, 1974     16,082.49
Government contribution (sec. 13, Grazing Act)   289,684.50
273,602.01
Expenditures, fiscal year 1974/75  359,308.03
Deficit, March 31, 1975      85,706.02
Government contribution (sec. 13, Grazing Act)   346,229.69
260,523.67
Expenditures, nine months, April to December 1975  334,018.87
Deficit, December 31, 1975     73,495.20
Table 36—Reservoir Waterway Improvements
$
Expenditures, fiscal year 1974/75  4,019,873.41
Recovered from British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority 3,660,449.60
Balance     359,423.81
Table 37—Accelerated Reforestation Fund
$
Surplus, April 1, 1974  1,093,710.43
Expenditures, fiscal year 1974/75      665,661.98
Surplus, March 31, 1975     428,048.45
Expenditures, nine months, April to December 1975     402,735.36
Surplus, December 31, 1975        25,313.09
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1976
4,030-276-5797
 

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