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Economic Development, report for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1977 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1978]

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Full Text

 To the Honourable DON
PHILLIPS, Minister of
Economic Development,
Victoria, British Columbia
SIR: I have the honour to
submit herewith the Report
of the Ministry of Economic
Development for the fiscal
year ended March 31,
1977.
A. L PEEL
Deputy Minister of
Economic Development
 CONTENTS
1. BUSINESS AND INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENT BRANCH
Trade and Industry Division
Small Business Assistance Division
Industrial Locations Division
Special Projects Division
2. POLICY PLANNING AND
RESEARCH BRANCH
Policy Planning Division
Economic Analysis Division
Financial Analysis Division
Statistics Division
3. WOMEN'S ECONOMIC
RIGHTS BRANCH
4. TARIFF ANALYSIS UNIT
5. PUBLICATIONS
 BUSINESS AND
INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENT
BRANCH
OBJECTIVE
To promote strength, growth and diversity in
the B.C. business community through the
development of new export markets, the
addition of new industries, the expansion of
selected operations and the servicing of
existing small businesses.
The Branch is composed of four Divisions:
Trade and Industry; Small Business
Assistance; Industrial Locations and Special
Projects.
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 Trade and industry
division
OBJECTIVE
The Division is equipped and staffed to
pursue two major objectives: to increase the
production and export of British Columbia
manufactured goods and services and to
attract and encourage new industrial
development in the province.
EXPORT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
The Division concentrated much of its efforts
on assisting British Columbia manufacturers
export their products to markets around the
world.
During the year the Trade Mission, Trade
Show Assistance, and Market Development
Assistance Programs were used by almost
160 companies. While South East Asia
attracted most attention, several companies
reported success in penetrating such other
markets as West Africa, Japan, Venezuela
and Australia. Companies assisted under
these three programs reported initial sales
exceeding $7 million. Follow-up efforts will
likely double this figure.
TRADE MISSIONS
The Division's trade mission program
complemented the activities of individual
manufacturers. Eleven overseas missions ar
related activities were sponsored during the
year, plus five within North America. Over 10'
British Columbia companies participated, an
initial sales exceeded $4 million from missior
completed in the first 9 months of the year
Despite its political and economic
difficulties, Australia continues to be an
attractive market. The Middle East poses
unique problems but in certain specific area|
British Columbia companies are beginning i
crack this lucrative market. The trade missio
sponsored by the Ministry were as follows
 TIMING
COUNTRY
PRODUCTS
April 1976
United States
Marine equipment
May
Australia
Consumer goods
June
West Europe
Manufactured wood products
September
Alaska
Capital Equipment
October
United States
Processed food stuffs
November
November
November
Japan
West Europe
Australia
Miscellaneous
Fish product
Machinery
January 1977
South East Asia
Fishing equipment
February
February
Pacific Rim
Central America
Fish & food products
Construction equipment
March
March
Middle East
West Germany
Construction products
Miscellaneous
 PACIFIC RIM DESK
The developing countries of the Association of
South East Asian Nations (ASEAN),
comprising Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines,
Indonesia & Thailand, offer perhaps the
greatest potential for many of British
Columbia's consulting engineers and
equipment manufacturers. Projects funded by
the World Bank and the Asian Development
Bank are designed to develop social and
industrial infrastructure in these countries.
Recognizing the importance of these markets,
the Ministry hired a Pacific Rim specialist in
1976 to provide B.C. companies with
specialized knowledge and support for their
efforts to sell in this area. This specialist
travels frequently through the Pacific Rim,
gathering information on new capital projects
and following up contacts on behalf of
individual companies.
SEMINARS
The Division sponsored or co-sponsored thre
major trade seminars in the year. "An
Introduction to Exports" in June 1976 was
directed at companies new to exporting
wishing to obtain guidance on such topics a:
financing, shipping and marketing. Almost 6(
companies registered for these three half-da'
seminars.
Together with the Federal Department of
Industry, Trade and Commerce, the Division
co-sponsored seminars on market
opportunities in South East Asia (June 1976)
and Eastern Europe (December 1976).
Approximately 250 companies attended these
seminars, and Canadian trade commissioners
from each of the countries concerned were or
hand to talk about specific sales
opportunities.
TRADE SHOWS
The Division's permanent exhibit was on
display at the Forestry Equipment (September
1976) and Materials Handling (November
1976) shows at the Pacific National Exhibition
A special exhibit was designed to
demonstrate the Province's aerospace
expertise for the Abbotsford Air Show (August
1976). Finally, the Division co-sponsored a
display of B.C. furniture and fixtures that was
featured at the Vancouver Home & Garden
Show (February 1977).
 PUBLICATIONS
The Division was very active in producing
publications designed to help our companies
export their products. A new series of
publications, "Thinking Exports?" was initiated
in 1976. Designed to provide practical advice
and hints to companies just beginning to
export, this series has proved very popular.
Seven titles have been published to date.
The Division also initiated a series of export
directories in 1976. These directories,
published on an industry sector basis, are
designed to be used by Canada's overseas
trade commissioners, and by foreign buyers
and agents to identify B.C. companies who
can meet particular market needs.
Eight directories were published during the
year and three more will be issued early in
1977. The product sectors covered are:
Construction Industries    Forest Equipment
Industries
Furniture and Furnishings
Hospitality Industry
Giftware and Jewellry
Manufactured Wood
Products
Recreational Products
Electronic and Electrical
Products
Fashion Apparel and
Sportswear
Food and Agricultural
Products
INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT
During this year, the Trade and Industry
Division also began to concentrate on industry
development. Increased emphasis was
placed on helping local companies sell more
to government—both federal and provincial.
Two groups of manufacturers were taken to
Ottawa to meet potential buyers in the federal
government and returned with orders worth
over $120,000. A Directory of Public Buying
Agencies was prepared to provide B.C.
companies with information on the buying
practices of federal, provincial and municipal
government agencies throughout the
Province.
A series of 16 mini-feasibility studies were
completed and printed on "Manufacturing
Opportunities in B.C." These studies are
being used to encourage established
companies in the province to expand or
diversify their facilities. They are also being
used to assist companies seeking to establish
in the province to decide which products to
manufacture.
The Division initiated a series of seminars
on "Doing Business in B.C." The first two
seminars, held in Toronto in October 1976
and March 1977, were designed to
encourage Ontario businessmen to invest and
establish businesses in B.C. Over 100 Ontario
companies attended the two seminars. In
June 1977 the seminar will be presented in
Los Angeles and San Francisco.
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INDUSTRIES
Jz?^
electronic,
electrical,
industries.
 Small business
assistance division
OBJECTIVE
The goal of the Division is to improve the
stability and assist in the orderly start-up and
development of individual small businesses
and thereby strengthen the small business
sector of the community.
MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT
Through business education promotion;
personal contacts; seminars and workshops,
the Division is striving to increase the
knowledge and develop the skills of business
managers throughout the Province. Emphasis
is directed on the practical aspects of
business operation rather than the theoretical.
Seminar/workshop subjects covered included
marketing, advertising and business
promotion, sales forecasting, cash flow and
financing.
During 1976, the Division conducted and
participated in 40 seminar/workshops: 7 in
conjunction with Women's Economic Rights
Branch and 10 with private agencies, such as
Chambers of Commerce.
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
Business advisers work with owner/operators
counselling in the start-up, expansion and
operation of individual business enterprises;
diagnosing, analyzing and solving small
business problems; and advising on
marketing and financing.
 VANCOUVER OFFICE
Working out of the Division's headquarters in
the Ministry's Vancouver Office the business
advisers responded in 1976 to some 3,000
requests for assistance and replied to a
similar number of general business
information enquiries.
COMMUNITY CALLS
Efforts are made to visit communities
throughout the Province on a regular basis
advertising the availability of our services
ocally and working with the chartered banks,
ZB.D.B., government agencies, Chambers of
Commerce and other business organizations.
In 1976, 77 such visits were made to 56
communities. This represented 479 calls
sutside of the Lower Mainland and Southern
Vancouver Island.
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
Fourteen companies used the Ministry's
Technical Assistance Program to hire outside
consultants to carry out business
improvements and develop studies on a
cost-shared basis.
On 12 occasions the Ministry itself directed
a portion of technical assistance funds to
conduct studies on or support the activities of
particular industry sectors. An example
included:
— A series of productivity improvement
studies on the furniture and fixture industry.
These studies identified methods by which
productivity could be improved without
purchasing additional machinery and
equipment. The results are being made
available to companies in the furniture
industry.
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 Industrial locations
division
OBJECTIVE
This Division provides guidance and
assistance to regional districts and local
governments throughout the Province to help
them improve the climate for business and
industrial development in their jurisdiction.
Assistance is also provided in coordinating
their efforts with provincial government
ministries and agencies.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES ARE:
— To act as a catalyst with various
communities in coordinating their activities
with broader provincial industrial
development objectives.
— To assist in the identification of suitable
sites for major industry.
— To ensure that each community will have
sufficient industrial land to allow for
expansion of local industries and for the
accommodation of new industry.
— To assist in the documentation and
correlation of regional economic,
geological, engineering, environmental and
social data as it relates to industrial
development in each community.
— To encourage and foster economic
development groups at the community
level.
'*
ACTIVITIES
During 1976 communication was maintained
with an ever increasing number of
communities in a program designed to help
them help themselves improve their economi
well being. This program ranged from direct
involvement with other ministries to
discussions with potential industrial
developers. In all cases the objective was to
identify, then help remove, obstacles stand
in the way of desirable development.
Another important activity involved
participation in task forces and committee
meetings leading to recommendations
affecting policy and legislative changes
related to community development.
RESULTS
An excellent working relationship was
maintained between regional districts, local
governments and the Division which is the key
to attaining the objectives of coordination
outlined.
 Special projects
division
OBJECTIVE
To plan, coordinate and direct Ministerial
jperations associated with special
development projects in the mineral, forest
and other natural resource fields; in resource
processing; in manufacturing; and in related
areas.
To provide close liaison with other branches
n the Ministry, other government ministries,
consultants and business organizations in
3-rder to develop concepts and coordinate
ictivities to produce specific economic
development objectives for British Columbia.
VCTIVITIES
During 1976 activities were directed to the
completion of Phase II of the B.C./NKK Joint
5tudy of an integrated steel mill in British
Columbia, to completion of the work of the
Doal Task Force and to the preparation and
eview of issues to be considered in the
ormulation of coal policy.
RESULTS
The publishing of the Coal Task Force report
entitled, "Coal in British Columbia: A
Technical Appraisal", was completed and
released for sale in August 1976. The Coal
Task Force, under the Chairmanship of the
Director, Projects, also prepared and
submitted a report to the Cabinet Committee
on Coal Development. This report reviewed
coal policy issues in the Province and put
forward proposals for consideration in the
formulation of coal policy. Review, evaluation
and preparation of more detailed
examinations of coal policy issues and
proposals has continued.
The work associated with Phase II of the
B.C./NKK Joint Study was completed during
the year and recommendations were made to
the Province of British Columbia and Nippon
Kokan KK. Upon evaluation of Phase II
results, the two parties jointly agreed to
suspend further detailed study for an
indefinite period. Results of a steel market
study prepared as part of the Phase II
investigations were released and are available
for review in the Ministry library.
11
 POLICY PLANNING
AND RESEARCH
BRANCH
The Branch is responsible for overall policy
development, economic analysis and the
collection and tabulation of statistical data. It
is composed of the following divisions: Policy
Planning; Economic Analysis; Financial
Analysis; and Statistics.
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'olicy planning
Jivision
IBJECTIVE
o identify, evaluate and recommend
Iternative socio-economic development
trategies relating to regional, sectoral and
iternational aspects of the Provincial
conomy.
TUDIES
nder the terms of the General Development
greement, signed jointly by the Ministers of
conomic Development and Regional
conomic Expansion in 1974, an Interim
lanning Agreement provided the basis for an
xtensive study programme of a regional and
sctoral nature. The purpose of these studies
as to identify socio-economic development
pportunities in the Province under different
3ts of policy alternatives. The
icommendations contained in the regional
id sectoral studies continue to be discussed
t Cabinet Committee level and form the basis
ir certain policy initiatives by the
overnment. The North East Report was the
rst of the series to be published (in 1975).
he three others in the regional series,
avering the Mid-Coast, Kootenay and Central
egions were completed in 1976 and are now
vailable from the Ministry.
The Division was also responsible for the
reparation of a number of policy documents
ir Cabinet consideration, or assisted other
ivisions in the preparation of such reports,
lese submissions covered a wide range of
ipics including natural resource policy,
cgional economic development policy,
dustrial incentives policy, and specific
itiatives designed to promote economic
rowth. In addition, briefing documents were
repared to accompany Cabinet officials on
lissions to Tokyo and Ottawa.
UBSIDIARY AGREEMENTS
le Division worked very closely with the
epartment of Regional Economic Expansion
uring the year, the objective being the
evelopment of further Subsidiary
greements under the aegis of the General
evelopment Agreement. Administration of a
pb-agreement to assist Fort Nelson in
pgrading sewer and water services, signed
September 1975, was passed on to the
nancial Analysis Division which also
ssumed a major role in negotiating a
roposed Sub-agreement on infrastructure
id industrial incentives. The Policy Planning
ivision was responsible for negotiations that
d to the signing of a Sub-agreement on road
construction in the North West (in cooperation
with the Ministry of Highways and Public
Works), and another on planning for coal
development in the North East.
COAL DEVELOPMENT
The Subsidiary Agreement to Evaluate North
East Coal and Related Development was
signed in February 1977. It provides joint
funding up to $3 million for a series of
economic and social studies examining the
potential for, and costs associated with,
developing extensive coal fields located
between Prince George and Dawson Creek.
The Division's major task during the year
was coordination of this research program,
involving various provincial agencies and
consulting firms.. Detailed feasibility studies
covered the coal resource, transportation
alternatives, community and townsite
planning, manpower, environmental impact
assessment and world coal supply and
demand.* Negotiations were carried out with
major mining companies and with Federal
Government officials regarding possible
sharing of development costs. Considerable
progress was realized and a decision on
whether or not to proceed to the construction
phase is expected shortly.
*See Publications Section
13
 Economic analysis
division
OBJECTIVE
To analyze, interpret and record the sectoral
regional and international forces affecting the
provincial economy.
The assessment and understanding of the
provincial economy requires an intimate
appreciation of its parts. These include not
only the major industrial sectors that form the
backbone of the economy but also the system
of regional economies contained in British
Columbia and the role of international and
interprovincial trade. These various parts,
sectoral, regional and international are
analyzed individually then fitted together to
form a giant economic blueprint.
ACTIVITIES
Improvement of the economic performance
the Province is a major objective of the
government. The Economic Analysis Divisior
is seeking to contribute to this aim through
constant analysis and study of certain key
aspects of the economy. These include:
productivity, cost competitiveness of industr
problems of the economy, past and present
economic performance, long term
development prospects, unemployment and
provincial taxation. From these and other
economic activities an ongoing economic
development strategy for the province is
expected to evolve.
During the year the market potential (foreic
and domestic) for a wide range of selected
commodities was explored.
A variety of internal studies and project
proposals related to economic development
were reviewed. Examples: Industrial
Chemicals industry; Fairbanks Corridor
pipeline proposal; Prince Rupert
 grainhandling proposal, a number of rail
abandonment proposals.
The Division contributed to or prepared a
lumber of Cabinet submissions on the
ollowing topics: sales tax on capital goods;
vood chip policies; Terrace economy;
controlled access highways; research parks,
tc.
BACKGROUND PAPERS/BRIEFING NOTES
During 1976 the Division prepared a number
)f background papers and briefing notes for
ninisters and government officials. They
icluded:
|— 17th Premiers' conference and a number of
other federal-provincial conferences
Alaska-British Columbia-Yukon conference
— British Columbia position on decontrols
— Canada Shipping Act, Bill C61
— Japanese trade council symposium
— The Division regularly prepares a number
of reports which monitor the state of the
economy. These are included in the
publications section.
COMMITTEES AND TASK FORCES
Staff members contributed to the work of the
following:
— Kitimat-Edmonton Pipeline Task Force
— Western Task Force on Constitutional
Trends
— Federal-Provincial Committee on Forest
Industry Development
— Metric Conversion Committee
— Inter-Ministerial Committee on Competition
Policy Revisions
— Canada West Foundation Council
— Maritime Boundaries (includes 200 mile
limit) Committee
— The Inter-Ministerial Committee to Produce
A Cost-Benefit Manual for Use in the Public
Service.
— Also contributed economic comments and
data for use by Ministry of Finance in
Budget Speech and Financial and
Economic Review.
15
 Financial analysis
division
OBJECTIVE
To perform analyses and provide information
of a financial, accounting, and taxation nature
in response to requests from government
ministries and agencies. To implement and
coordinate intergovernmental and joint
government-industry programs, particularly
relating to financial management aspects.
ACTIVITIES
Project Appraisal and Evaluation
During 1976 the Division was involved in
financial appraisals of private and public
sector project proposals so as to determine
overall viability and impact; preparation of
cash flow projections and financial
implications of government initiatives;
evaluation of projects; briefs and requests
from other ministries and agencies. Recent
activity included cost analysis of major
development proposals related to new or
expanding resource and secondary
industries.
Program Coordination and Implementation
The Division was responsible for:
— Budgeting and financial planning aspects
of the Co-operative Overseas Market
Development Program. (Sponsored jointly
by Economic Development; the
Department of Industry, Trade and
Commerce; and the Council of Forest
Industries of British Columbia.)
— Implementation of the Fort Nelson Sewer
and Water Sub-Agreement (jointly with
Department of Regional Economic
Expansion).
— Implementation of the Coal Planning
Sub-Agreement (signed in January 1977
providing for the cost-sharing of studies
related to North-East coal).
— Representation of the Ministry on ARDA
and Special ARDA Advisory Committees.
Program Development
The Division had a direct responsibility for the
drafting of proposed Federal/Provincial cost
sharing programs under the terms of the
General Development Agreement and
coordinating input from the various provinci.
government ministries and agencies.
Programs currently being developed include
an Industrial Development Sub-Agreement, a
Rural Development Sub-Agreement, and a
new Special ARDA Agreement.
Foreign Investment Review
The Foreign Investment Review Act, a Federal
Statute, provides for the consultation of
provinces likely to be affected by an
investment proposal subject to review under
the Act. The Division was responsible for
review of foreign investment proposals, and
for recommending to the Minister and Cabine
a provincial position which, once approved,
was forwarded to the Federal Agency. During
the year, 54 such cases were analysed. In
addition, the Division performed research on
overall investment levels and requirements
and closely monitored the Federal Agency to
ensure that the province's economic interests
were respected.
■'   ■
 Statistics division
OBJECTIVE
o satisfy the requirements of government
and business for statistical information on the
economic and social characteristics of the
3rovince and its regions, through the
jtilization of existing data sources and the
development of new statistical programs.
VCTIVITIES
"he Government recognizes the importance
af statistical, information for use in policy
analysis and program planning and
authorized the employment of additional
arofessional and technical staff for this
aurpose.
A substantial increase in enquiries was
experienced in 1976 and reached a level of
approximately 150 requests per month. In
arder to service this demand, increased
jtilization was made of computer systems for
Doth retrieval and processing of data. The
Division also continued to expand its inventory
af data available in microfilm and published
orm.
Through the addition of personnel with
expertise in theoretical and applied statistics,
a relatively greater proportion of the Division's
activities was directed to providing technical
advice and consultation to users both within
and outside the Government.
FEDERAL-PROVINCIAL LIAISON
Extensive consultations were held with
Statistics Canada, the principal federal
government agency, on a wide range of
statistical topics including: Census data,
household statistics, administrative records,
manufacturing and primary industries,
merchandising, construction, prices, labour,
transportation and communication, and
standards and classification.
SPECIAL PROJECTS
— Continued to develop and update a set of
economic accounts for British Columbia
which will provide detailed information on
the structure of the provincial economy and
major sectors.
— Continued to develop a system for the
estimation of capital and repair
expenditures in selected manufacturing
industries within sub-provincial regions.
— Provided statistical material to government
members and senior public servants for
use in various federal-provincial
conferences and meetings.
— Developed and tested various computer
models for analysis and study of the
potential for coal development in North
East British Columbia.
— Developed an on-line, interactive computer
system for the retrieval and assembly of
Census data.
 WOMEN'S
ECONOMIC
RIGHTS BRANCH
OBJECTIVE
To examine, plan and recommend on all
issues affecting the economic rights,
economic development and socio-economic
status of women in British Columbia.
During its second year of operation, the
Branch continued to work within this
framework to ensure that all economic
development projects of the Ministry offered
equivalent benefits to women and men. In
working towards this objective branch
personnel sat as members of the Manpower
and Community/Townsite Sub-Committees on
North East Coal Development. As a part of the
former Sub-Committee, they were responsible
for designing and coordinating studies
relating to labour force access and support
services for women and other disadvantaged
groups; as part of the latter Sub-Committee
they dealt with the socio-economic impact of
economic development on women in isolated
single industry resource communities.
Pursuing their mandate against a wider
framework, Branch personnel also sat as
members of the Coal Guidelines Steering
Committee for the province and as members
of the federal/provincial Manpower Needs
Research Committee.
ACTIVITIES
Business Workshops
A series of business workshops was
coordinated by the Branch to provide
information and guidance to women
interested in starting a business of their own.
Workshops were held in Victoria, the Slocan
Valley, Campbell River, Terrace, Nelson,
Chilliwack, Dawson Creek, Prince George,
Agassiz and Fort St. John. Follow-through
counselling was provided for several spin-off
businesses during their start-up period. An
experimental "crafts as a business" workshop
was also developed to run during the summe
of 1977 to serve craftspeople, especially
those in the north of the province, who are
making, or attempting to make a full-time
living from crafts.
Resource Centre
The Branch also acted as a resource centre
for many individual women as well as
women's groups throughout British Columbia
It provided statistical data for women's group
and conferences, provided background
research for briefs, assisted in the design of
three employment opportunity surveys,
informed women's groups of available fundinc
sources, assisted in drawing up proposals,
provided resource persons for workshops
and answered many enquiries from individua
women throughout the province.
Affirmative Action
The Branch administered the Affirmative
Action plan of the Ministry of Economic
Development. Despite the current low level of
government hiring, a number of professional
positions have opened up to women within th
Ministry. The Co-ordinator of the Branch also
acted as a Public Service Commission
delegate to the federal/provincial Conferenc
on Equal Employment Opportunities in the
Public Service held in Ottawa in November
1976.
a
 HARIFF ANALYSIS
JNIT
BJECTIVE
ne Tariff Analysis Unit was established in
976 to evaluate British Columbia's trade
ependence and formulate trade and
Dmmercial policy supporting the Province's
conomic development objectives. Reflecting
le importance the Province attaches to trade,
|e Unit's immediate focus is on potential
:visions in international tariff and non-tariff
istrictions currently being negotiated under
e General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
BATT). General and specific provincial GATT
Dlicy positions have been formulated, and
|e Unit maintains a continual liaison with
deral officials to ensure that British
olumbia's interests are adequately reflected
/ the Canadian GATT bargaining strategy,
oncurrently, the Unit has initiated policy
velopment efforts to facilitate British
olumbia's economic transition to the new
merging international trading environment.
CTIVITIES
esearch Program
ae Unit has embarked on a major research
ogram consisting of the following elements:
•A detailed analysis of British Columbia's
foreign trade dependence, including the
identification of individual industries which
could benefit from foreign tariff reductions,
or be subjected to potential import injury as
a result of increased tariffs.
An analysis of economic factors
contributing to or detracting from British
Columbia's comparative advantage in
international trade. This analysis is
designed to assist in the establishment and
priorization of British Columbia's future
trade development objectives.
•An evaluation of proposed revisions in
GATT regulations concerning non-tariff
measures (i.e. quantitative restrictions,
special tax systems, industrial and regional
development assistance, government
procurement practices, codes and
standards, etc.) to determine the impact of
such changes on British Columbia's export
potential and the implications on provincial
jurisdictional authority.
Specific industry and sector studies to
establish the trade and tariff policy
requirements for export expansion, or the
nature and magnitude of production and
employment dislocations stemming from
potential increases in import competition.
Such studies are designed to establish a
basis for provincial commercial policy
initiatives to ensure that British Columbia
realizes the maximum benefits associated
with a general liberalization of international
trade, while minimizing the impact on
potential economic development.
MAJOR SUBMISSIONS
During 1976 the following studies were
prepared for submission to federal GATT
officials:
— "The Significance of GATT to British
Columbia", a major policy document
stressing the importance of international
trade, and hence the GATT negotiations, to
British Columbia's future economic growth.
The province's trade problems and related
development challenge is differentiated
from the total Canadian context, and an
analysis of past Canadian trade policy is
presented to underline the adverse
implications of such policies on British
Columbia's aggregate economic
performance. A general provincial GATT
position is established, calling for a basic
reorientation of Canadian trade and tariff
policy to better reflect British Columbia's
development requirements.
— "The Industrial Sector in the Multilateral
Trade Negotiations", a joint submission by
the four Western Provinces detailing
specific industrial development and export
opportunities in Western Canada which
require significant foreign trade and tariff
barrier concessions.
— "Trade and Commercial Policy Challenge
Facing the British Columbia Softwood
Plywood Industry", a special industry study
noting the import vulnerability of an
important provincial industry and the need
for commercial policy developments to
facilitate the industry's adjustment to
liberalized international trading
regulations.*
FEDERAL-PROVINCIAL
GATT CONSULTATIONS
The Unit maintains a continual working liaison
with federal GATT officials in Ottawa as well as
the Canadian negotiating team in Geneva.
*See publications Section
19
 PUBLICATIONS
Following is a list of publications issued by the
Ministry in 1976.
Monthly Bulletin of Business Activity
A monthly summary and review of current
economic and business activity with statistical
data showing comparisons to the previous
month and the same month of the preceding
year. Also contains special articles of current
interest and lists new publications as they are
released by the Ministry.
B.C. Market News
Monthly newsletter for businesses in British
Columbia. Outlines current business activities.
Trade and Industry Bulletin
Bi-monthly listing of foreign enquiries
regarding distribution and manufacturing of
foreign products under licence in British
Columbia.
British Columbia Economic Activity, 1976
Review and Outlook
Annual summary and review of the economic
pattern of the current year and an economic
outlook for the following year. Issued at the
end of the calendar year.
External Trade Through British Columbia
Customs Ports
Annual report providing both detailed and
summary tables showing exports and imports
through British Columbia customs ports.
Includes data by commodity and country and
graphs.
Import Items Meriting Further Investigatioi
A listing of import items which have a potent
for domestic manufacture. Information is liste
by commodity groups.
Manufacturers' Directory
A directory of manufacturing activity in Britis
Columbia. Information is also listed by
commodity group.
Consulting Engineers, Architects &
Planners in British Columbia
A directory of the consulting engineering
industry.
Directory of Importers and Manufacturers'
Agents in British Columbia
A catalogue listing. Information is also listed
by commodity groups.
Directory of Public Buying Agencies in
British Columbia
A guide for businessmen and manufacturers
wishing to sell goods and services to
provincial, municipal governments or other
"public" agencies, corporations, and
institutions.
BROCHURES
British Columbia Facts '76
Leaflet containing statistical information on
population, the economy, government,
transportation, and retail trade.
Directory of Assistance Programs
An abbreviated listing of assistance program
available from both the federal and provincia
governments.
The Foreign Investment Review Process ir
British Columbia
A brochure designed to acquaint investors
businessmen and other interested parties wit
the provincial role in the foreign investment
review process.
Manufacturing Opportunities in British
Columbia
A brief listing of manufacturing opportunities
which merit serious consideration from
existing British Columbia companies and
out-of-province investors.
Economic Profiles of B.C. Communities
A brief listing of key statistics on British
Columbia communities.
The publications listed on this page are
available from Information Services, Ministry
of Economic Development, Victoria, British
Columbia V8V4R9.
*Also contact Information Services for information
on the availability of all reports, studies, etc.,
mentioned throughout this Annual Report.

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