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BC Sessional Papers

Annual Report of the Department of the Provincial Secretary JANUARY 1 TO DECEMBER 31 1974 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1975

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Annual Report
Department of the
Provincial Secretary
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
  The Honourable Ernest Hall, Provincial Secretary.
 Victoria, B.C., February 18, 1975.
To His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
I have the honour, sir, to submit herewith the report of the Department of the
Provincial Secretary for the 1974 calendar year.
I have the honour to be,
Your most obedient servant,
Provincial Secretary
 Victoria, B.C., February 18, 1975.
The Honourable Ernest Hall,
Provincial Secretary.
Sir:   I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the Department of the
Provincial Secretary for the year ended December 31, 1974.
Deputy Provincial Secretary
Statutes Administered by the Department  9
Introduction  11
General Administration  11
Orders in Council  11
The Great Seal  11
Appeals  12
Petitions of Right  12
British Columbia Cultural Programme  12
Scholarships  13
Miscellaneous Grants  13
Capital Improvement District Commission  13
Official Visits and Functions  15
Voyageur Canoes  15
Personnel  15
Government House  17
Provincial Elections  17
The Queen's Printer  18
Provincial Archives -  18
Aural History  20
Cataloguing Division  21
Map Division  21
Manuscript Division  22
Photographic Laboratory  22
Visual Records  22
Legislative Library  23
Change of Name._.__   23
Renovation  24
Staff   25
Service to Government Departments  25
Summer Programs ,  26
Newspaper Index  26
Microform  26
Publications    27
Postal Branch  27
Central Microfilm Bureau  28
Provincial Emergency Programme    29
Emergency Tasks  30
Training  30
Municipal Training  31
Fire-fighter Training  31
Communications  31
Marine Rescue Service  32
Emergency Air Service  32
Emergency Welfare Services  33
Emergency Health  33
Auxiliary Police Program ,  33
Public Information    34
Archaeological Sites Advisory Board '_  34
Historic Sites Advisory Board  37
Barkerville Historic Park    37
Fort Steele Historic Park  39
Heritage Preservation  40
Fort St. James  40
Emily Carr House  40
Craigflower School  40
Point Ellice House  40
British Columbia Forest Museum  40
British Columbia Transportation Museum  42
British Columbia House, London  42
Indian Advisory Branch  44
Metric Conversion  46
Lotteries Branch  47
Office of the Planning Adviser to the Cabinet  49
Appendices  50
A. Queen's Printer Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement for Year
Ending March 31, 1974  50
B. Statistical Summary of Legislative Library Activities  52
C. Members of the Legislative Assembly and Executive Council, 1907-45- 53
D. Reports to Be Tabled by the Department  75
Archaeological and Historic Sites Protection Act.
British Columbia Centennial '71 Celebration Act.
British Columbia Cultural Fund Act.
British Columbia Day Act.
British Columbia Tartan Act.
Capital Improvement District Act.
College Pension Act.
Constitution Act.
Departmental Inquiries Act.
Dogwood, Rhododendron, and Trillium Protection Act.
Floral Emblem Act.
Indian Advisory Act.
Kamloops Emergency Flood Control Act.
Legislative Library Act.
Liquor-control Plebiscites Act.
Lotteries Act.
Members of the Legislative Assembly Superannuation Act.
Metric Conversion Act.
Municipal Superannuation Act.
Provincial Coat of Arms Act.
Provincial Elections Act.
Provincial Emergency Programme Act.
Provincial Secretary Act.
Public Documents Disposal Act.
Public Inquiries Act.
Public Libraries Act.
Public Printing Act.
Public Service Act.
Public Service Labour Relations Act.
Public Services Group Insurance Act.
Public Services Medical Plan Act.
Public Service Superannuation Act.
Queen Elizabeth II British Columbia Centennial Scholarship Act.
Special Assistance in the Cost of Education Act.
Teachers' Pensions Act.
  Annual Report of the
Department of the Provincial Secretary
There were a number of significant developments in the Department of the
Provincial Secretary during the year, not the least of which was the introduction of
full collective bargaining for Public Service employees. As expected, bargaining for
first contracts has taken a considerable amount of time and is not yet fully completed, but negotiating problems have been few compared with the major advances
made. The matter will be covered more fully in the Report of the Public Service
In 1974, five new branches were established, or are in the process of being
established, to handle new or expanding programs. These include the Office of the
Planning Adviser to the Cabinet, Lotteries, Metric Conversion, Historic Sites
Advisory Board, and the British Columbia Arts Board.
As required by statute, a number of branches will be presenting individual
reports and so will not be mentioned in this one. They include the Public Service
Commission, Library Development Commission, and the Superannuation Branch.
Orders in Council
The preparation and distribution of a resume of Orders in Council, which
began at the start of 1974, has proved to be extremely popular. The resume is
prepared after each meeting of the Executive Council, and is sent to all M.L.A.s;
departments of Government; the news media; Government Agents; lawyers; public,
university, and business libraries; and many other organizations and individuals
who have requested the service.
At the start of the year, about 2,500 copies were distributed. By the end of
the year, demand had increased distribution to 3,600 copies.
The number of phone calls from recipients of the resume to the various departments to obtain more information on specific Orders has not been as great as had
been anticipated, but much praise and appreciation for the service has been
In all, 68 issues of the resume were prepared and distributed, plus a digest of
all Bills passed at the spring sitting of the Legislative Assembly.
A total of 4,161 Orders in Council was processed during 1974, compared with
4,367 the previous year.
The Great Seal
The Great Seal of the Province was used 916 times during the year, compared
with 919 in 1973. As usual, the most frequent use was on Crown grants under
the Land Act (628 times). The Seal was used 101 times on Letters Patent, 83 times
on Proclamations, 62 times under the Provincial Court Act, and in connection with
the appointment of the Member of the Executive Council Without Portfolio.
 VV  12
There were 16 appeals initiated under a variety of Acts, seven of them under
the Motor Carrier Act. Of the other nine, three each were lodged under the
Pollution Control Act and the B.C. Hydro and Power Authority Act, and one each
under the Water Act, the Public Service Act, and the Public Schools Act.
Petitions of Right
The Crown Proceedings Act, which came into effect on August 1, repealed
the Crown Procedure Act, and eliminated the need to obtain a fiat before initiating
proceedings against the Crown. Before this change, 10 petitions of right were
initiated under the old Act and processed by the Department.
British Columbia Cultural Programme
In 1967 the British Columbia Cultural Fund was established to stimulate
cultural development in the Province. It was originally endowed in the value of
$5 million and this was increased to $10 million in 1969. The endowment of the
Fund was again increased to $15 million in 1972 and to $20 million in 1974. The
interest generated by the invested endowment is used to support cultural activities.
Grants were made in 1974, as follows: $
59 Community Arts Councils  254,059.00
67 Nonprofit cultural organizations  1,026,436.71
152 scholarships  93,437.00
Seminars, Arts Conferences    23,930.53
Art acquisitions for Provincial Collection     102,425.00
Total   1,500,288.24
As part of its plan to take a new and far-reaching look at culture in the Province, the Government in April 1974 appointed Ms. Nini Baird as a Cultural Consultant Animateur. Her task, initially, was to stimulate discussion on the Provincial
Secretary's White Paper on the development of a new Provincial Cultural policy
and to report back to the Minister on the results of her travels and discussions. The
result of Ms. Baird's efforts was "A Report to the Provincial Secretary on the
Feasibility of the Provincial Policy Announced in April, 1974." This report was
designated as "Access to the Arts" and was released June 30, 1974. Since the
release of her Report, Ms. Baird has continued to be employed as a special consultant helping to bring the recommendations made in the report to fruition.
Another step in developing a new look at the arts was the appointment of
Max Anderson as a Culural Information Consultant on July 1, 1974. Mr. Anderson's task is to gather, collate, and compile a comprehensive register of artists,
crafts, cultural organizations, art forms, facilities, and related material. This
information will be placed on computers with read-outs available in a number of
ways. It is expected that the Arts Information Service, as it will be known, will be
completed by the middle of 1975.
To help administer the Fund and the implementation of new cultural policy
decisions, the Interim British Columbia Arts Board was appointed in November.
When the program becomes fully operational, a new Board will be elected.
As a further step toward implementation of the new policies, advertisements
were placed across Canada for the position of Executive Director of the British
Columbia Cultural Programme. Close to 100 applications have been received and
the appointment can be expected early in 1975.
W  13
Through the British Columbia Physical Fitness and Amateur Sports Fund, the
Department each year presents a number of academic/athletic awards to British
Columbia students. There are three major programs involved, with 52 scholarships
to a total value of $33,000 awarded in 1974. In all cases the scholarships are
awarded for athletic ability and performance, leadership and character, and scholastic
achievement, though the emphasis on these three qualifications varies depending on
the particular program.
In 1974 the following scholarships were awarded:
(a) Premier's Athletic Awards (five, each with a value of $1,000).
(b) Nancy Greene Awards (20, each with a value of $750).
(c) British Columbia Athletic Awards (27, each with a value of $500).
The Department also administers the Queen Elizabeth II British Columbia
Centennial Scholarships. This scholarship is awarded annually to a graduate of
one of the three public universities in the Province who is pursuing further training
at a university in the United Kingdom. The scholarship provides $7,000 to cover
two years of study. Should the student go on to a third year of postgraduate study,
an additional $3,500 may be granted.
The winner in 1974 was Robert E. Gore-Langton, of Duncan. Mr. Gore-
Langton, a B.Sc. First Class Honours graduate of the University of Victoria, is
currently at Cambridge University working toward a Ph.D. degree in the study of
the regulatory mechanisms at the cellular and molecular level of reproductive
physiology. His undergraduate thesis on the clinical prediction of estrogen-
dependent tumours was published in the prestigious British Journal of Cancer.
Miscellaneous Grants
During the year, approximately 116 organizations received, or are receiving,
grants voted for the 1974/75 fiscal year, to a total of $2 million. The total amount
of the grants would appear to be $425,000 less than during the previous year.
The difference is accounted for by the removal of grants to alcoholic and narcotic
foundations from the Department to the Alcohol and Drug Commission.
Capital Improvement District Commission
Supported by Provincial funds, the Commission is composed of 11 members
representing municipal, civic, and Provincial bodies. Through co-operative action,
it plans and carries out projects aimed at enhancing the attractiveness of the capital
Members of the Commission during 1974 were:
J. E. Brown, Chairman.
T. L. Sturgess, Deputy Chairman.
Dr. R. M. Grant, Government Appointee.
C. C. Wyatt, Government Appointee.
G. Giles, Government Representative.
L. J. Wallace, Government Representative.
Alderman K. A. S. Hill, Esquimalt.
His Worship B. R. D. Smith, Oak Bay.
His Worship E. F. L. Lum, Saanich.
His Worship G. P. A. Pollen, Victoria.
Alderman M. D. W. Young, Victoria.
G. Geddes, Secretary.
 W 14
Premier David Barrett speaks at the ceremony marking the official opening of the
Causeway Promenade in Victoria. Seated left to right—Lieutenant-Governor Colonel The
Honourable Walter S. Owen; His Excellency Governor General Jules Leger, who unveiled
a bronze plaque; J. E. Brown, Chairman of the Capital Improvement District Commission;
The Honourable Ernest Hall, Provincial Secretary; Her Excellency, Madame Leger; His
Worship, Mayor Peter Pollen of Victoria; and Mrs. Owen.
The Commission held four meetings during the year to discuss various proposals
presented by municipal representatives and approved accounts in the amount of
$195,659.05 incurred on existing projects. As a result of recommendations to the
Government by the Commission, authorization to incur the following expenditures
were approved through Order in Council:
Inner Harbour, Victoria—Construction of a seawall and promenade on land
formerly occupied by Ocean Cement, $91,300.
Bathhouse Cove, Gorge Area, Saanich—Cost of soil, landscaping, and reforestation to the upland area between the waterway and Gorge Road, $80,000.
Belleville Street Lower Promenade, Victoria—Construction of promenade to
conform to completed development on the east side of the Inner Harbour, $48,000.
Esquimalt West Bay Walkway—Development was approved in principle by the
Commission, and it is expected that work will commence on this project during 1975.
W  15
A highlight of the year was the official opening on Tuesday, April 9, of the
Causeway Promenade, a project of the Commission. His Excellency Governor
General Jules Leger officiated at the ceremony, unveiling a plaque, suitably inscribed, on the wall of the promenade.
To date, 51 projects have been approved by the Government since the formation of the Commission in 1956 and authorized expenditures on projects completed
or presently under way total in excess of $3,342,000.
Official Visits and Functions
Being responsible for matters of protocol in connection with Government
activities, the Department was involved in planning and carrying out arrangements
connected with a number of official visits and functions during the year.
Many distinguished persons visited British Columbia in 1974. Chronologically,
the visits were as follows:
April 6-10—The first official visit to British Columbia of Their Excellencies
Governor General Jules Leger, CC, C.M.M., CD., and Madame Leger.
May 19-24—The first visit to British Columbia of His Excellency Chang Wen-
Chin, Ambassador of the People's Republic of China, to Canada and his wife
Madame Chang Ying. His Excellency was accompanied by several members of the
Chinese Embassy on the visit.
August 8-10—Visit to the Lower Mainland and Victoria of Their Majesties
King Hussein and Queen Alia of Jordan.
September 25-26—Visit to British Columbia of His Excellency Kakuei Tanaka,
Prime Minister of Japan.
September 26-28—Visit of the Premiers of the Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, together with their staffs and wives. The occasion was
the annual Western Premiers' Conference.
October 20-21—Visit to Victoria by Olaf Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden.
The Provincial Government sponsored over 200 social functions during 1974,
the majority of them being luncheons or dinners recognizing national or international
Voyageur Canoes
The 12 six-man, 26-foot-long voyageur canoes owned by the Province were
again put to good use throughout the year.
The fibreglass canoes, which have been on loan to various canoe clubs, were
recalled on three occasions for use in special events. The canoes were used by some
3,000 Scouts attending the Second British Columbia-Yukon Boy Scouts Jamboree
held at Sooke in August. The Nanaimo and District United Way Campaign borrowed them for a fund-raising scheme which saw them paddled from Campbell
River to Nanaimo, and they were also used in connection with celebrations marking
the 100th anniversary of the incorporation of the City of Nanaimo.
The introduction of full collective bargaining in the Provincial Public Service
was the most significant development during the year, and it had the greatest impact
ever on the administration of personnel matters in the Department. The administration of the Master Agreement negotiated with the B.C. Government Employees'
Union, and the component contracts as they were finalized with the 13 units within
the union, resulted in a tremendous increase of activity.
 W 16
As a result of the increased work load, the position of Personnel Officer was
added to the establishment to assist the Administrative Officer who has served for
a number of years as Director of Personnel.
As noted in the Introduction, five new branches were added, or are being
added to the Department, resulting in the filling of 27 new positions. In addition,
two new sections were added to existing branches—Aural History in the Archives,
and the Recorded Books Unit of the Library Development Commission.
In all, 55 new positions were added to the establishment in 1974.
Dr. Willard Ireland, Provincial Librarian and Archivist, seated at left with his wife at
a presentation ceremony prior to his retirement. Deputy Provincial Secretary L. J. Wallace
and Premier Barrett are seated to the right of the Provincial Secretary.
Dr. Willard E. Ireland, Provincial Librarian since 1946 and Provincial Archivist for 34 years, retired early in the year. The dual position held by Dr. Ireland was
divided at that time, and competitions were held for the two new positions, Legislative Librarian and Provincial Archivist.
The summer months were highlighted by the Careers '74 student employment
program organized and administered by the Department of Labour. The Department employed 254 students under the program, the largest number with the Provincial Archaeologist. The two historic parks, Barkerville and Fort Steele, also took
major advantage of the program. Careers '74 proved to be very successful and the
Department is looking forward to a renewal of the program next year.
At the end of the year, with the exception of the Public Service Commission,
the Superannuation Branch, and the Queen's Printer, the Department employed
some 300 regular and 120 auxiliary personnel, a total increase of about 100
employees over the previous year.
One employee retired at the age of 65, Mrs. K. B. Morrow. Mrs. Morrow
had served in the Library Development Commission since 1963.
W  17
Government House again had a very busy year, entertaining well over 12,000
guests. The most important visitors were Governor General and Madame Leger,
and King Hussein and Queen Alia of Jordan.
Other distinguished visitors included the Prime Minister of Sweden; the High
Commissioners from Pakistan, Britain, Guyana, Nigeria, and New Zealand; and the
Ambassadors from Cuba, the People's Republic of China, Japan, Tunisia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Denmark, Malaysia, Korea, and Argentina.
Some 726 school children from 20 schools throughout the Province were
entertained, and a large reception was held for foster parents with over five years'
Among the banquets were two to honour long-service employees of the Government. Certificates were presented to those who had served 25 years, and gold
watches were presented to 118 public servants who had completed from 35 to 40
years of service.
In 1974, all Registrars of Voters were faced with a major revision of the
addressograph plates used to print the Provincial lists of voters. Approximately
1,200,000 new plates had to be cut and the same number of master file cards produced. This was due to the introduction of postal codes, which necessitated a
redesigning of the layout of the plate.
A by-election, called on January 3 for February 5, was held in the North
Vancouver-Capilano Electoral District. A thorough updating was conducted by the
Registrar of Voters with a door-to-door canvass commencing in mid-December and
with registration centres being established in early January.
Liquor plebiscites were conducted by the Registrars of Voters of North and
South Okanagan Electoral Districts in Licensing Areas 158 (Okanagan Centre and
Winfield) and 157 (Bear Creek, Lakeview, and Westbank) respecitvely and
thorough updatings were carried out in both areas.
A new Registrar of Voters Office for the Atlin Electoral District was opened
this year in Stewart in conjunction with the establishment of the Government
Agency. And the offices in Kamloops and Chilliwack were relocated in new
premises to facilitate their increased work loads.
The Registrar of Voters Office in Vancouver continued to assist the Queen's
Printer, and at the same time make more economical use of its facilities, by producing approximately 20,000 addressograph plates for various Government departments and commissions. The office also continued to assist the Judicial Institute by
reproducing reading materials for its seminar sessions.
The Elections Branch worked with the Department of Municipal Affairs to
assist municipal and regional district officials in understanding and adopting a new
system of voter registration required by recent amendments to the Municipal Act.
Branch representatives attended meetings throughout the Province with these officials
to outline Provincial enumeration procedures and to answer questions relating to
municipal enumerations. A great deal of informational literature was distributed
to all regional district and municipal administrations and all Registrars of Voters
were available to assist local officials if any assistance was required.
The Branch also aided the Department of Human Resources in conducting
four Community Resource Board elections in Vancouver. A representative from
the Chief Electoral Office was assigned as a resource person.    He also acted as a
Returning Officer and, with the aid of the Registrar of Voters staff, conducted a
recount at one of the elections.
Numerous projects and studies were undertaken throughout the year by the
various regional offices with the aim of improving the efficiency of the over-all
electoral process. A review of electoral boundaries is being conducted by the Chief
Electoral Officer at the request of the Minister and a study has been initiated to
determine if the permanent Provincial list of voters could be used at elections conducted by other levels of government.
The Chief Electoral Officer and other Branch representatives have travelled
extensively in the past year examining the electoral procedures in other jurisdictions.
Most notable were trips to Ottawa, England, and Australia to observe the conduct
of elections at the Federal, parliamentary, and state level respectively.
For the second successive year the Queen's Printer has experienced considerable
growth in all departments. Business during this period increased 30 per cent over
the previous year, a growth of 50 per cent in two years. The biggest increase was
in stationery sales. The expansion of Government offices and major departments
contributed greatly to the increased sales volume.
The past year was also the time of paper shortages, increasing prices, and
extended delivery times from suppliers. It is expected during the coming year that
the demand for goods and the availability of supplies will become easier.
For the first time, the Queen's Printer negotiated labour contracts with the four
printing unions represented in the plant. The unions combined to form the Council
of Graphic Arts Unions to bargain on behalf of non-Public Service personnel employed by the Queen's Printer. A Master Contract was agreed to, as well as an
Addenda for each of the four unions.
The Queen's Printer also took part in preliminary planning for an improved
system for the distribution of Government publications.
In 1975 the Bureau plans to increase production throughout as well as update
the equipment in the duplicating and quality control sections.
The Queen's Printer Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement can be found
in Appendix A.
During the year 1974 the Provincial Archives experienced a marked increase
in public usage of its facilities, significant additions to its holdings, and continued
progress in their arrangement and cataloguing. One new division was established,
and there were a number of changes in personnel, including the position of Provincial Archivist.
The retirement of Dr. Willard E. Ireland early in the year terminated a career
of 34 years as Provincial Archivist of British Columbia. Under his direction the
Archives had expanded in staff five-fold, and it had outgrown its orginal quarters in
the Parliament Building to occupy its present splendid building in neighbouring
Heritage Court. Dr. Ireland, who was also Provincial Librarian, held many offices
associated with his professional interests in libraries, archives, and museums. An
accomplished speaker and noted historian, he had been a key figure in the organization and conduct of the several centennial celebrations in the Province during his
long tenure in office. He and Mrs. Ireland were honoured at staff and Government
receptions in January at which the Premier, the Provincial Secretary, and the Speaker
of the Legislative Assembly, among others, paid tribute to his achievements.
W  19
Newly appointed Provincial Archivist, A. R. Turner (left), the Provincial Secretary,
and Lieutenant-Colonel G. S. Andrews, retired Surveyor-General of the Province of
British Columbia and Past President of the B.C. Historical Association, enjoy a collection
of historical photographs presented to the Province by Mme. M. Boyer, of Ottawa.
Allan R. Turner, formerly Provincial Archivist of Saskatchewan, was appointed
to succeed Dr. Ireland. Pending his assumption of duties on July 15, David Mason,
Assistant Provincial Archivist, and Mrs. M. Griffin, Secretary to the Provincial
Archivist, effectively maintained the work of the office. During the year, Miss Linda
Webster and J. R. Davison were promoted to head the Cataloguing and Visual
Records Division respectively. New professional appointments were Leonard
DeLozier, Archivist I, and David Chamberlin, Librarian I. Miss Monica Sam,
formerly head of Visual Records, resigned to accept employment elsewhere in the
Government Service.
A new undertaking, forecast in the last annual report, was the establishment
of an Oral (Aural) History program at the beginning of the fiscal year. Subsequently, W. J. Langlois was appointed to direct it, with a staff comprised of Derek
Reimer, Assistant Director; Dr. Janet Cauthers, Research Officer; and Ms. Jeanette
Taylor, Secretary. This program, as well as that of other divisions, was advanced
through the employment of several students during the summer months.
In the area of staff training and development, Miss Frances Gundry took the
archives training course in Ottawa, Peter Westoby visited photographic units in
eastern Canada, and Mrs. M. Pettigrew attended the CM.A. short course at the
Maltwood Museum. Several staff members were elected to positions in organizations related to their profession, including Kent Haworth, vice-president, American
Records Management Association, Victoria Chapter; Terry Eastwood, secretary,
Association of British Columbia Archivists; Miss Frances Gundry, member of the
Council, Victoria Branch of the British Columbia Historical Association; and Dr.
Janet Cauthers, vice-president, Canadian Aural/Oral History Association. W.
Langlois addressed several conferences, including the congress of the Society of
Americanists held at Mexico City.   Mr. Turner fulfilled a number of speaking
engagements, attended the Canadian Conference on Historical Resources in Regina,
and served on a special committee of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of
Canada, and on the Council of the British Columbia Historical Association. The
Provincial Archivist, by statutory provision, is a member of the Historic and
Archaeological Sites Advisory Boards.
A good deal of the time of the total staff of 35 employees was occupied in
serving visitors and answering telephone inquiries and correspondence. The number of patrons who carried out research in the Archives or called in person for
information totalled 8,894. Other indicators of the level of usage were the 350
written replies which involved research by archivists in the Manuscript Division, and
the 1,020 inquiries handled by the Map Division, which filled orders for 1,131 copies
of maps. The Visual Records Division received approximately 1,350 orders, averaging 16 photographic prints per order. Commencing in November, the reference
room was opened for four hours in the evening during the week, and on Saturday
and Sunday afternoons to admit researchers who arrange in advance for materials
to be available for their use during these hours.
Acquisitions during the year extended the holdings of the Provincial Archives
to the point where they now total 3,000 linear feet of manuscripts, 4,100 linear feet
of Government records, 28,000 volumes of books and periodicals, 17,100 pamphlets,
nearly 15,000 maps, some 280,000 items in the visual records collection, including
photographs, paintings, and prints, and 6,300 hours of tape-recorded interviews.
The continued growth of the holdings was in very considerable measure the result
of valued donations from many individuals and organizations. Some of the acquisitions are noted in the summary of divisional activities which follows.
The Provincial Archives resumed publication of its memoir series in 1974.
Lady Franklin Visits the Pacific Northwest, February to April 1861 and April to
July 1870, Memoir No. XI, is a volume of extracts from the letters of Miss Sophia
Cracroft, Sir John Franklin's niece, edited with an introduction and notes by Dr.
Dorothy Blakey Smith. In preparation is a series of volumes of the Journals of the
Councils of Vancouver Island, edited by Dr. James Hendrickson, assisted by Kent
Haworth, of the Archives staff.
The Public Documents Committee, comprised of the Provincial Archivist
(Chairman), Comptroller-General, Deputy Minister of Finance, Deputy Provincial
Secretary, and the Assistant Deputy Attorney-General, met three times to make
recommendations under the provisions of the Public Documents Disposal Act.
Pursuant to these recommendations, orders for the disposal of records of 16 departmental offices were approved at the Spring Session of the Legislature, and orders
relating to 42 departmental offices were approved by the Executive Council. In
addition to the receipt and processing of records transferred to the Archives under
these or previous disposal orders, substantial staff time was directed to appraising
a large accumulation of records which had been held in Government storage areas
for many years.
Attendance figures at the two historic houses administered by the Archives,
Helmcken House and Craigflower Manor, showed a marked increase over 1973.
During 1974, visitors to Helmcken House totalled 17,089 adults and 2,593 children,
and at Craigflower Manor, 6,546 adults and 1,051 children.
Aural History
Under the direction of W. J. Langlois, the division added 5,000 hours of sound
recordings to its initial collection of 1,300 hours of taped interviews. The staff
carried out interviews with persons in various parts of the Province and com-
W 21
Dr. Janet Cauthers and Derek Reimer, of the Aural History Division, with part of
the collection of tapes in the background.
menced a program of interviewing former Cabinet Ministers and long-term public
servants. The Division developed several aural history projects in co-operation
with private institutions and businesses, and provided advice to numerous individuals
and organizations. It continued the publication of Sound Heritage, a unique quarterly devoted to aural history, and, as co-sponsor, was responsible for much of the
organization for the first Canadian Aural/Oral History Conference. Held at
Vancouver in October, the conference attracted 170 delegates from across Canada.
Cataloguing Division
Responsible for the Northwest Library, this Division catalogued 744 volumes
(516 titles) and 113 pamphlets (87 titles), as well as carrying out its work in
indexing periodicals and book selection. With the promotion of Miss L. Webster
to head this Division and the restoration of its normal complement of staff, the
organization and cataloguing of a backlog of pamphlets and ephemera began, and
a program of systematically collecting political literature was initiated. The first
effort here was the solicitation of campaign materials from candidates in the 1974
municipal elections. The new Encyclopaedia Britannica 3 was added to the reference
collection, and several important series such as a long run of Crockford's clerical
directory were received from the Legislative Library.
Map Division
The number of maps received from all sources was 2,157, including the
donation of 40 F. M. Rattenbury Plans of Victoria buildings. The 15-volume
British Museum Catalogue of Maps was also acquired. Nearly 500 maps were
catalogued, despite there being only one archivist, Mrs. W. Teece, and a clerical
assistant to carry out this work and service the continuous heavy load of reference
inquiries. A summer student was employed in unrolling, cleaning, and listing some
500 British and American hydrographic charts, as well as compiling an index to
maps in the bulletins of the Department of Mines.
Manuscript Division
Over 200 linear feet of records were accessioned from eight Government
departments, including correspondence files of the Department of the Provincial
Secretary, 1871-1952, and of the Provincial Museum, 1912-67. Finding aids
were produced for records of the Department of the Provincial Secretary and the
Attorney-General, and for Premier's correspondence, 1897—1910. Work proceeded
on listing B.C. Police and Department of Railway records. Over 80 accessions of
private papers were received from individuals or organizations, including notably
the papers of F. C. Bell, Dr. John Wilkinson, the Royal Jubilee Hospital, and
several women's institutes. Finding aids were prepared for the T. D. Pattullo and
John Dean Papers and six other units. Typed transcripts of nine manuscripts,
totalling 800 pages, were completed. The continued clipping of Provincial newspapers on a wide range of subjects, carried out by a clerical staff of two, independently of the Division, added substantially to the vertical files of source material
which now extend to 39 four-drawer filing cabinets. Through the generous Diffusion
Programme of the Public Archives of Canada, microfilm copies of the Sir Wilfrid
Laurier Papers and of the Unpublished Sessional Papers of Canada, 1916-58, were
deposited in the Provincial Archives. This Division, headed by Mrs. F. Gundry,
provides most of the staff for duty at the reference desk of the Archives. As the
year advanced, progressively more time of the three staff archivists, Messrs. Haworth,
Eastwood, and Young, was directed to appraising and accessioning Government
records, and the necessary growth of and emphasis on this aspect of the work
portends its eventual segregation from the acquisition and arrangement of private
Photographic Laboratory
With some additional equipment and the augmentation of the staff of four by
summer help, the Division, under P. Westoby, reduced a backlog of work, and
completed a great many orders, as indicated in the following table:
Completed Prints Copy
Orders (All Sizes) Negatives
1973      1,157 14,524 3,463
1974      1,445 20,150 5,510
Visual Records
Directed by J. R. Davison, the Division acquired 160 collections of photographic materials, totalling some 3,500 items, representative of which were early
photographs of Sooke, views of Hatley manor, portraits of pioneers, scenes of coastal
shipping, and a large number of photographs of early lumbering, courtesy of British
Columbia's forest industries. Progress was made in cataloguing materials, but the
time of the staff was largely occupied in serving reference inquiries and processing
orders for photographs, the number of which was up 35 per cent over 1973, and
totalled 22,316 items. A revised reference system and new accessioning procedures
are planned for the forthcoming year with a view to improving the efficiency of these
operations. A very useful guide to early British Columbia photographers was begun
by a student during the summer.
W 23
The art collection of the Provincial Archives is included in this Division under
the charge of J. W. Mossop, Display Director and curator. Over 40 significant
paintings, drawings, and prints were acquired, by purchase, donation, or bequest,
including several courtesy of the B.C. Cultural Fund. The latter provided the
valuable Varley oil on canvas, "Church at Yale, B.C.," and among the donations
Emily Carr's "Kispiox" was a most significant addition to her works represented
in the collection. Exhibits during the year included recent acquisitions, Vancouver
Island artists, Ron Hamilton: Native artist, and Canadian Nature Arts, '73, a
travelling exhibit sponsored by the Canadian Nature Federation and the National
Museum of Natural Sciences. The most important single undertaking was the
display of the sketches and water-colours of Charles John Collings.
In addition to divisional activities, those of the Provincial and Assistant
Provincial Archivists and the general office accounted for a great deal of correspondence, and the servicing of further visitors and inquiries. The combined
operations of the institution reflect the significance of what is a remarkable collection
of historical materials relating to British Columbia and immediately adjacent areas,
and the recognition of that fact by an ever-growing body of patrons.
Change of Name
On September 30, the Honourable the Provincial Secretary announced that the
Library would return to its statutory name of Legislative Library.   The return to the
Librarian Maedythe Martin checks card catalogue file in temporary location
during Legislative Library renovations.
—W. M. Peters photo
 W 24
Plastic sheets cover the wood carvings and panels in the reference room
while the ceiling is redecorated.
—W. M. Peters photo
name under which it was formally established in 1894 was made chiefly to define
more clearly the role of the Library and to clarify that role in the context of a proposed revision of over-all Government library service.
For many years the Legislative Library provided both public and research
services that went far beyond those normally associated with a legislative library.
Both the present Library Development Commission and the Provincial Archives, in
fact, began as services of the Legislative Library. Since the establishment of the
Commission and the Archives as institutions in their own right and with the increasing numbers of academic and research libraries in British Columbia, the work of the
Legislative Library has been increasingly concerned with the Members of the Legislative Assembly and the Executive Council and with the research staffs of the
Public Service.
It should be noted, however, that the specialized material in the Legislative
Library's collection will continue to be available to the public by interlibrary loan
and under the same conditions as always.
The renovation of the Library wing, which was supposed to have been completed early in 1974, has still not ended. The consequent disruption to the reference
service and, indeed, to the whole operation of the Library has been serious. Because
of construction work in the public areas, the Library was forced to suspend its
W 25
service to the public in July; that service has still not been fully restored. As far as
possible, however, reference assistance to the Members was provided, although at
tmes it was difficult for the Members to reach the staff and for the staff to reach
anybody other than the construction crews.
The work in the book stack area, however, was completed in July and the
task of moving the Library's collection of some half million volumes was finished
in mid-August. The credit for the planning and the supervision of the move belongs
wholly with two staff members—Mrs. Maedythe Martin and John MacEachern.
Theirs was a complicated and time-demanding job and the success of their efforts
is attested to by the efficiency with which the move was completed and the accuracy
of their space projections.
Two staff members have been cited for their special efforts during the past year.
The entire staff, however, must be commended for their co-operation, their willingness to put up with very difficult working conditions, and their plain hard work
during what has probably been the most difficult year the Library has known since
the opening of the building in 1915.
The year saw major changes in the staff, especially in the administrative areas.
Dr. Willard Ireland, Provincial Librarian and Archivist since 1946, retired in March.
With his retirement Dr. Ireland ended 34 years in the service of the people of
British Columbia.   He had been since 1940 the Provincial Archivist.
In addition to his main tasks of strengthening the collections and enriching the
service of both the Archives and the Library, Dr. Ireland assumed major roles in
the Province's centennial observances and undertook a wide variety of duties in
community and professional service. He served as president of the British Columbia
Library Association, the Canadian Library Association, and the Pacific Northwest
Library Association; he was president of the British Columbia Historical Association, a councillor of the Canadian Historical Association, and regional vice-president
of the American Association for State and Local History. In 1961 he was lent by
the Provincial Government to the Federal Royal Commission on Government
Organization. He served two terms on the Senate of the University of British
Columbia and a number of years as a member of the Board of Governors of the
University of Victoria, assuming the chairmanship of the board from 1969 to 1971.
Dr. Ireland's record has been impressive in service to librarianship, to the
Government of British Columbia, and to the community at large.
The successful applicant in the competition to select the new Librarian was
James G. Mitchell. Mr. Mitchell has worked in the Legislative Library since 1947,
serving as Assistant Provincial Librarian since 1968.
Miss Margaret Hastings has been appointed Assistant Librarian and Mrs. Joan
Buckingham has been named head of the Reference Department. Miss Elizabeth
Edwards, who has been head of the Cataloguing Department for five years, retired
in December. Her work, particularly with the Library's program of cataloguing
support provided to Government departmental collections, has been a valuable
part of the Library's service.
Service to Government Departments
The addition of two professional positions to the Library's establishment was
necessitated by the increasing needs of other Government departments for improved
library service. Following the pattern established for the Department of Recreation
and Conservation, the Library engaged a librarian for full-time service to the Department of Human Resources.    A further professional librarian was added to the
Cataloguing Department to meet the growing number of requests for cataloguing
assistance that have come from Government departments. The Library now offers
full cataloguing services to the Department of Health, Human Resources, Recreation
and Conservation, Water Resources, Municipal Affairs, Mental Health, Mines,
Economic Development, and to the Provincial Museum and the Pollution Control
Summer Programs
The Department of Labour's summer careers program provided considerable
assistance to the Library in a number of areas. Two mid-course library school
students were hired to undertake the first steps in producing a check list of the
Library's British Columbia newspaper collection. The information gathered for
the check list is to be transmitted to the University of Victoria to be coded for
inclusion in a projected computer-based union list of newspapers. A third library
school student was used to catalogue a large collection of Cabinet submissions, which
had been turned over to the Library two years ago and which were awaiting action.
Two senior university students were engaged to conduct an inventory of the
periodicals collection, highly necessary in view of the move and a preliminary
step in the production, again in co-operation with University of Victoria, of a
regional union list of serials.
As in former years, the Library employed a university student to assist in the
Government documents department.
Newspaper Index
The demands of the Library's continuing project of indexing the current Vancouver and Victoria newspapers have increased to the stage where they impinge on
other areas of reference service. In 1974, some 54,695 news items were indexed,
most under three or four individual subject headings, resulting in some 123,354
additions to the file. Discussions with the librarian of the Pacific Press, which it
was hoped might lead to some form of co-operative indexing, continued, but because
of fundamental differences in indexing procedure it appears that little progress can
be expected for some time.
The work on the retroactive indexing project progressed according to the estimated schedule until the middle of the year, when staff vacancies occurred in the
unit. These vacancies have seriously slowed the progress of the program.
The renovations to the Library have had a particularly disastrous effect on the
program of filming the regional newspapers. The camera has been inactive because
of protracted renovations to the room in which the unit is located and the consequent
interruption in the microfilming program, which has been considerably longer than
estimated by the architect, has posed a serious problem.
During the year a reassessment of the whole microfilming project was started,
necessitated by the deteriorating condition of many of the physical files of the
newspapers themselves and by the generally poor quality of many of our microfilm
files. One of the major reasons for the quality of the microfilm negatives lies not
with the camera operators but with the Library's unwillingness in the past to disbind
its bound volumes for filming purposes, which has resulted in the loss of readable
copy of the two inside columns on either side of the gutter. Obviously, film of this
quality does not provide a satisfactory archival record and must be redone. With
the help of a part-time assistant, the Central Microfiilm Bureau's operator is currently reading all existing microfilm files of the regional papers to determine the
W 27
extent of the refilming program. Upon the completion of this survey, it is hoped
that a schedule can be arranged in consultation with the academic libraries of the
Province so that their needs for regional resource material can be met as speedily
as possible as well as our own for a microfilm record of an acceptable standard.
The Library's two monthly publications continue to be in demand. The
Monthly Checklist of British Columbia Government Publications has been found
especially useful by libraries throughout Canada for securing Government material
for their collections. All libraries have agreed that it is an essential guide while, at
the same time, pointing out quite rightly that it is no adequate substitute for the
kind of order catalogue produced by the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Early in the year, Mrs. Christine R. Fox's Index io the Journals of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, 1872-1971 was published. It has filled a
long-felt research need and has been well received by Government research staffs
and by students and research workers in British Columbia history.
The size and activity of the Postal Branch increased during 1974. Additional
staff was required to cope with an increasing volume of mail and shorter working-
hours. The decentralization of Government offices necessitated the addition of two
vehicular routes in Victoria and one in Vancouver. It is possible that further
changes in vehicular services will occur in 1975.
A major change in the accounting for postage was made in July. Prior to that
date, charges for about 25 per cent of the postage meters used by the Government
were paid by the Postal Branch. Following meetings with Departmental Comptrollers, it was agreed that all postal charges within the Government would become
the responsibility of the Postal Branch. In future, this control will give a much
better picture of total postal expenditures within the Provincial Government.
Once again, classes in better mailing procedures were held, helping again to
provide a better service to Government departments.
The Administrative Officer in charge of the Postal Branch, Leon E. Hall, and
Federal Postal officials, spoke to Government Agents during a seminar in October,
a session which proved beneficial to all concerned. Mr. Hall will continue to visit
various Government Agents in the field in the new year to help solve postal problems.
In December a four-week trial was completed on the feasibility of instituting
a "containerized" mail service from the Postal Branch to selected offices in the
field. This service will likely be implemented in the near future, permitting the
bypassing of sortation in both the Victoria and Vancouver Post Offices, providing
faster, more reliable service to everyone able to take advantage of the service.
Both incoming and outgoing mail volumes continue to increase as indicated
by the following comparative figures. It should be pointed out that the figures are
for metered mail dispatched through the Federal Post Office from the Postal Branch
in Victoria and Vancouver and do not include internal mail collected, sorted, and
delivered between offices in the two metropolitan areas.
Total Volumes (Victoria and Vancouver Only)
Pieces Received Pieces Dispatched
1973   5,869,820 8,940,969
1974   6,717,151 15,618,026
Increase       14.45% 74.68%
During 1974, over 22,000 pieces of certified mail were handled, representing
a 25-per-cent saving in cost over registered mail for the number of pieces.
Postpak continues to increase, resulting in a considerable saving over the use
of parcel post.
The year 1974 was possibly the most significant of the 23 years that the Bureau
has been functioning as a microfilming service bureau for the Government. The
introduction of union contracts, along with the extending of services in the Vancouver and Victoria areas, and researching COM justification and potential 35-mm
film applications for engineering drawings and plans have made the year a most
challenging one.
The microfilming of the Vancouver Courthouse records, which was reviewed
in 1973, got under way following a number of delays. On August 6, five employees
commenced the long task of preparing and filming the enormous volume of records
that have been accumulated over the years. The staff will be increased to 10 as soon
as possible.
A study of the need for a microfilm program for driver suspension files was
commenced early in the year. The study was conducted by the Special Projects
Branch of the Computer and Consulting Services, together with the Bureau. On
November 1 a start was made to microfilm over 110,000 driver suspension files for
a unitized 4 by 6-inch jacket application. The program will continue as a current
project at the conclusion of the filming of the backlog.
The Bureau assisted the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia with the
inception of their microfilm program. The vehicle document "input" filming was
progressively transferred from the Bureau to the Insurance Corporation until such
time as all transactions were channelled to ICBC. The transferring of the document
input did not eliminate the microfilming of the computer-generated information.
This information is still being filmed and prepared for the Deka-Strip retrieval
stations. However, this, too, will cease in early 1975. The Bureau staff prepared
additional sets of films during the transition period to Autoplan in Vancouver.
Other new projects during the year were the monthly filming of Pharmacare
Accounts which commenced in April, maps and files were filmed for the Pollution
Control Board, and general files for the Department of Highways were commenced
in June.
The office of the Justice Computer Centre, which moved to Victoria from Vancouver in 1973, commenced a small filming program. The Bureau processes their
films, which number about two rolls per month.
An emergency arose in the Department of Education, Correspondence Branch,
following their move to a new location. The weight of files created a serious
structural problem in the file-retention area. Microfilm personnel and equipment
were assigned to the area to help alleviate the weight problem. The student files are
being filmed and inserted into jackets.
The British Columbia Medical Plan continues to use the Bureau services for
processing their account card films. In November a request was received to produce
an additional set of each film. Their average production is 40 rolls per week in
duplicate. This additional set is currently being done, adding to the work load in
the reprography area. Film duplication production has increased by about 35 per
cent in one year to 405,765 feet.
The Land Registry programs are continuing, with daily filming in Victoria,
Vancouver, and New Westminster.   Kamloops, Nelson, and Prince George backlog
W 29
consists of one year's records, which are filmed early each calendar year.  The following roll totals are duplicate film totals:
Rolls Rolls
New Westminster      956 Nelson   234
Victoria   1,947 Kamloops   408
Vancouver  2,591 Prince George 193
The microfilm program in the Legislative Library came to a halt in May as
the Library was being renovated. Since that time, an extensive evaluation of the
condition and quality of films has been under way. The microfilm area is expected
to be ready in early 1975.
The question of the need for a Computer Output Microfilm program was
investigated by the Government in November. A management consultant firm was
employed to study and assess a report prepared by the Microfilm Bureau on
proposed COM applications. The consultant's report says that COM is currently
required for some programs and by 1976 an "in house" program will be justified.
The following comparative figures show the areas of activity and growth during
the year:
1973 1974
Searches  6,666 5,325
Prints  12,643 13,543
Jackets  40,563 42,319
Aperture cards  7,174 9,318
Micro-strip holders  22,839 18,879
Processed film footage  1,910,780 2,077,250
Film duplication footage  301,625 405,765
The over-all purpose and assignment of the Programme is to develop a comprehensive and continuous emergency preparedness program for and throughout
the Province, and to co-ordinate the deployment of resources and services necessary
to the efficient and harmonious functioning of agencies participating in emergency
Since civil emergencies nearly always occur first as local situations, a major
function of the Provincial Emergency Programme is to assist municipalities to
develop and maintain a high level of emergency response capability.
In keeping with the purpose of the Branch, the record snowfall throughout the
Province resulted in the initiation of preparations early in the year to combat possible
widespread flooding. A Flood Disaster Committee was formed and some flooding
did occur, but, because of the spring weather, the run-off did not reach anticipated
A new format for municipal emergency plans was finalized, aimed at preparations to meet any kind of emergency. Hopefully, it will lead to a more uniform
standard of planning in municipalities throughout the Province.
The Deputy Victoria Zone Co-ordinator's office was relocated in Nanaimo
early in the year, enhancing the service to the northern part of the Zone. In
September a new Deputy Zone Co-ordinator's Office was located at Terrace in the
Prince Rupert Zone.
The early retirement of Prince George Zone Co-ordinator Ralph Buckley, due
to ill health, is noted with regret. Murray Stevens, Deputy Co-ordinator of the
Zone for several years, is the new Co-ordinator.
 W 30
Emergency Tasks
The number of emergency tasks involving the Emergency Programme continued to grow again in 1974. The Programme took part in 263 emergency tasks
and 262 nonemergency tasks such as training courses, conferences, and exercises.
Emergency Programme staff and volunteers took part in 223 search and
rescue missions, of which 109 were successful and the subject of the mission returned
to safety. However, the number of tragedies resulting from wilderness and coastal
mishaps continues to grow and efforts to stem it continue.
Mountain road vehicle accidents accounted for 15 of the rescue tasks. Floods
and slides, 34 tasks; fires, 3; chemical spills, 2; and high wind damage, 1.
One of the first and worst disasters to strike British Columbia in 1974 was the
avalanche which buried eight persons in a motel 28 miles west of Terrace. Search
and rescue crews worked through the night. They found one person alive. Seven
The 1974 training program was devoted
entirely to those areas of service considered
to be the most essential for improved immediate
effectiveness of emergency preparedness programs at the local level.
As evidenced by the increasing number of
lost-person incidents, the need for more trained
search and rescue personnel continues to grow.
|\ To meet this requirement, a greater proportion
of the Training Section's time and effort was
directed toward search and rescue courses.
An advanced search and rescue course was
initiated this year for those with prior training
and experience who aspire to or are in positions
of leadership.
The Provincial Training staff attended
Techniques of Instruction courses at BCIT to
improve their teaching skills and to develop
an improved Techniques of Instruction course
for local Emergency Programme leaders.
Ms   Myrna  Ban   Quan  being Dufi       mA j  of  26? j
transferred down a mountain dur- ,   ,   ,    °, „      .' ,%,..,
ing a Cranbrook Search and Res-        tended the following courses at the Provincial
cue exercise. Emergency Training College in Victoria:
Number of      Number of
Course Courses        Candidates
Community Emergency Planning  2 65
Emergency Health Service (casualty simulation) 1 11
First Aid  5 53
Heavy Rescue (rescue from damaged structures) 2 16
Map and Compass Use  1 5
Search and Rescue  9 102
Advanced Search and Rescue  1 8
Techniques of Instruction  1 7
22 267
In addition, 36 British Columbia candidates attended Federal courses at the
Canadian Emergency Measures College in Arnprior, Ont.
W 31
Municipal Training
Emergency training at the local level is conducted by Provincially trained
volunteer instructors or, where necessary, by Branch staff Instructors.
Persons attending these courses are volunteers who are acquiring necessary
knowledge and skills to fill emergency positions in their community organizations or
refreshing their skills through retraining.
The number of volunteers trained at the local level in 1974 was:
Air Services      130
Auxiliary Fire      358
Auxiliary Police      378
Communications       279
Community Emergency Planning      389
First Aid      324
Health Planning      378
Marine Services      109
Search and Rescue  1,829
Welfare Planning      825
Search and rescue being usually the most active and most frequently needed
service of the local Emergency Programme, there are now 2,435 trained and active
search and rescue volunteers registered with the Provincial Emergency Programme,
located in 73 communities throughout the Province.
The Provincial Emergency Programme supports a continuing training program
conducted by the Provincial Fire Marshal's office through the Emergency Fire
Defence Plan.
The training in 1974 was carried out by a travelling training unit comprised of
three Instructors and one Supervisor.
The unit conducted 56 community fire department courses and 42 industrial
and institutional courses.
The emphasis in emergency communications at all levels is on properly coordinated plans for emergency use of existing systems. Effectiveness of this method
was demonstrated several times during the year. The occasion of the flood threat
in the Lower Fraser Valley in the spring is a typical illustration. An emergency
operating centre was set up in Abbotsford to co-ordinate the actions of those who
would have to participate in the event a flood occurred. The communications in
support of these arrangements were drawn from the Department of Highways,
Forestry, RCMP, amateur radio and citizens' band radio, as well as from the B.C.
Telephone Company for both land lines and mobile radio.
Examination of the existing organization and future requirements to serve the
communications needs of the Provincial Government has resulted in two major
projects being undertaken by the Department of Transport and Communications
which are of special interest to the Provincial Emergency Programme:
(a) The planning and construction of a Province-wide radio system to
support the ambulance service, the Sheriff's organization, and other
Government users.
(b) A study of the best method of implementing the Universal Emergency
Telephone Number "911" on a Province-wide basis.
 W 32
Marine Rescue Service
The responsibility for providing vessels for marine rescue lies with the Canadian Coast Guard. Co-ordination of the function rests with the Rescue Coordination Centre in Esquimalt. On Interior lakes and rivers it is a police
The Provincial Emergency Programme Marine Rescue Service, consisting of
volunteer boatmen, is designed to provide an added rescue resource. It was
inaugurated approximately two and one-half years ago. Growth has been slow
but steady, and many rescues have been effected by the Service on the Coast and
on the lakes in the Interior.
The Marine Service was involved in 53 tasks during 1974.
Emergency Air Service
The Service has done much during the year to prove its value as a back-up
to the Armed Forces Search and Rescue resources. In British Columbia, 1974 was
a year with more than its usual share of downed aircraft and the Provincial Emergency Programme was involved in the subsequent searches.
The liaison with 442 Search and Rescue Squadron and related Armed Forces
organizations has continued to improve and the Forces look to the Emergency
Programme whenever civil air assistance in searches is required. The Squadron
has provided valuable training for Air Service personnel when requested.
Further evidence of the usefulness of the Air Service is revealed in the use being
made of aircraft in operations independent of the Armed Forces, such as searches
for persons lost in the wilderness and missing boats on lakes and rivers.
An Air Service Manual setting out procedures, responsibilities, search methods,
mountain flying, and spotting techniques has been prepared and is now being
printed. The manual is designed to set a standard and to provide the policy
procedures necessary to maintain the efficiency of the Air Service.
Emergency welfare services were provided for residents and tourists isolated
by flash flooding on the Alaska Highway.
Emergency Welfare Services
The major need for emergency welfare services in 1974 was caused by flash
flooding on the Alaska Highway from July 17 to 25. The highway was cut in
several places, stranding some 275 tourists between Mile 456 and Mile 496 and
approximately 1,000 persons in Fort Nelson.
The Provincial Emergency Programme EWS chartered commercial aircraft and
helicopters to bring in food and other necessities and arranged for distribution
through the RCMP. A health nurse travelled the cut-off portion of the highway
administering to the needs of the people. On her recommendation, three persons
were evacuated by air for medical treatment. A social worker was flown in to
Muncho Lake, centre of the cut-off area, to look after the personal requirements
of the trapped people.
Meanwhile, in Fort Nelson, arrangements were made to billet many of the
stranded travellers, both in commercial establishments and private homes. The
Civic Centre was used as an overflow billet and for feeding of the people.
When at last the highway was opened for travel, cash advances for gasoline
and food were made to those without funds to enable them to continue their journeys.
Advances were made on the basis of need and included a number of American
The Red Cross Emergency Welfare training program was continued. Bill
Mitchell, of the Red Cross, conducted the course and exercise in 66 communities,
training 1,289 volunteers.
The exercises also involved 420 high school students who volunteered to be the
victims in the training exercises.
Emergency Health
The responsibility for emergency health services was this year transferred to
the Emergency Health Services Commission under the directorship of Dr. Peter
Care and accommodation for the strategically positioned emergency health
service equipment and supplies will henceforth also be the Commission's responsibility.
Close liaison with the Commission has been established down to the Regional
Health Director and Emergency Programme Zone Co-ordinator level, and will be
maintained to effect spontaneous co-operation and co-ordination in the event of an
Auxiliary Police Program
Early acceleration of the RCMP Auxiliary training program, particularly in
respect to training in search and rescue co-ordination, levelled off later in the year
pending the outcome of a review being conducted by the British Columbia Police
RCMP Auxiliaries were alerted and ready to assume emergency duties during
the spring flood threat.
There are at present 996 members in the RCMP Auxiliary force and 194
recruits in various stages of being processed. Fifty-nine took the course and
qualified as search and rescue co-ordinators.
Municipal police forces in British Columbia have approximately 300 volunteer
 W 34
Public Information
The first major public information task of 1974 was publicizing the change
of name and concept of operation of the Branch. That was effected by placing a
prominent advertisement in all daily and major weekly newspapers in the Province,
followed by distribution of a brochure describing generally the purpose and function
of the Branch.
To reflect the new concept, a new display was constructed and placed in the
British Columbia Pavilion at the Pacific National Exhibition.
A portable display-information unit was purchased for use at conventions,
conferences, and local fairs.
Using the information booth at the UBCM convention attracted considerable
attention and provided the opportunity for personal contact with many municipal
Pamphlets (100,000 flood, 100,000 earthquake, 50,000 tsunami) were printed
and distributed, advising people what to do if caught in emergency situations.
In co-operation with the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of Recreation and Conservation and other concerned departments, a Wilderness Survival
training program is being developed. Initially this will be strictly a public information program. Starting in 1975, the plan is to issue a series of pamphlets telling
people what they should have, and what they should do or not do when going off
the beaten path. The intention is to distribute the pamphlets through the school
system, the Government tourist information centres, and through other Government
field offices.
During the calendar year 1974 the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board was
able to embark on many new programs and field projects as a result of increases
in both staff and budget. The Provincial Archaeologist's staff was increased by three
full-time positions, including a secretary and two staff archaeologists.   This brings
Air-supported protection from the elements covers an archaeological dig.
W 35
the total permanent staff of the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board to six. In
addition, the Board was able to employ one technician on a temporary basis. The
increases in staff and budget reflect the great increase in activities relating to the
Board's involvement in environmental impact studies and other studies related to
major economic developments throughout the Province.
The Provincial Archaeologist's office continued to occupy office space in the
Curatorial Tower of the Provincial Museum. However, as this space is now required
by the Archaeology Division of the Museum, a new office will be established early
in 1975 in the former St. Ann's Academy.
During the last year the office of the Provincial Archaeologist administered
some 30 separate projects which related to archaeological site inventories or salvage
projects in various parts of British Columbia. Some of these projects were made
possible by our participation in the Careers '74 program, under which over 100
students were employed for periods of one to four months during the summer. Of
special interest, among projects carried out under the above program, was one which
employed two law students to assist a Board Committee with research into antiquities
legislation in British Columbia. Approximately one-half of the Careers students
were native Indians.
Most field projects were related to various development proposals for such
things as highways, hydro transmission-lines, pipe-lines, hydro-electric power projects, logging activities, and housing developments. Funds for these projects were
allocated to the Board by the agencies proposing the development. The most
significant allocation, totalling $125,000, was made by the Department of Highways. The total amount of funds administered by the Board during this last year,
if one includes the Board's regular operating budget as well as funds allocated by
other Goverment agencies and private companies, was approximately $400,000.
Archaeological site inventory projects resulted in a total of 1,200 new sites
being added to the Provincial Site Record. In addition to this, 800 new sites were
recorded by other projects carrying out work under permits issued by the Provincial
Secretary. This then makes a total of 2,000 new sites being added to the Provincial
Site Record during the last year alone. The Site Record now totals 7,000 for the
entire Province. Of the 1,200 new sites added to the Provincial Site Record by the
Archaeological Sites Advisory Board this last year, 80 were classed as "historic."
These records have been turned over to the Historic Sites Advisory Board.
In accordance with present Board policy, most major archaeological salvage
projects resulting from unavoidable conflicts between archaeological resources and
development proposals were carried out by universities and colleges under contract
agreements. The largest of these was with Simon Fraser University for archaeological fieldwork in the Peace River area, made necessary by the proposed construction of dam-sites near the British Columbia/Alberta boundary. Another contract
was awarded to the University of Victoria to carry out salvage excavations at the
Tsable River site near Courtenay, and another salvage contract was awarded to
Cariboo College for excavations of a site located on a B.C. Hydro transmission-line
right-of-way near Monte Creek. In addition to these major salvage projects, the
Provincial Archaeologist's office administered and directed several other small-
scale excavations.
The Provincial Archaeologist and staff members presented several lectures to
school groups and local museum groups in various parts of the Province during the
last year. In addition, the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board was represented at
the annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association in Whitehorsc, where
the Provincial Archaeologist and Assistant Provincial Archaeologist presented a paper
entitled "Archaeological Resource Management in B.C."   The Provincial Archaeolo-
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gist represented the Board at the annual Canadian Historical Resources Conference
held in Regina in October. The Assistant Provincial Archaeologist attended the
annual conference of the American Association for Historical Archaeology in San
Francisco in January.
The Provincial Archaeologist and staff members represented the Archaeological
Sites Advisory Board on several Provincial interdepartmental liaison committees
such as the Department of Highways Environmental Liaison Committee and the
Fish-Wildlife-Recreation Technical Subcommittee of the B.C. Land Resources Committee. In addition to these committees, staff members were also active on several
Standing Committees of the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board. Direct liaison
was also maintained with various Government corporations such as B.C. Hydro, as
well as the private industry sector.
During the year, Mr. Hanson, the Assistant Provincial Archaeologist, made a
start at organizing a system of volunteer wardens in various regions of the Province.
The wardens will assist the Provincial Archaeologist's office in the protection of the
archaeological resources within their regions. This is the first such program
attempted in Canada and as such has resulted in considerable interest by the other
It is hoped that 50 volunteer wardens will be appointed during 1975, this first
year of the new program. The wardens will be appointed on a regional basis and
be given a training program in various aspects of archaeology by the Provincial
Archaeologist's office. It should be pointed out that, initially, the warden system
will be carried out on an experimental basis and, if successful, it is hoped to increase
the number of wardens in the future.
As a result of a joint program between the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board
and the National Museum of Man, approximately 35,000 feet of movie film have
now been made available for the Board to produce a series of films relating to
archaeology in British Columbia. Work was initiated this last year in editing this
film for eventual production in 1975.
A proposal by the Provincial Archaeologist to the Department of Highways for
the creation of a number of information boards to be erected at highway rest stops
around the Province was accepted by the Department of Highways. The program
was subsequently expanded to include the Historic Sites Advisory Board. With
funds allocated by the Department of Highways, the two Boards have hired four
temporary employees to carry out research and produce story-line content for the
information boards. It is hoped that approximately 50 boards will be ready by the
summer of 1975.
As a result of an increased interest in historic and underwater archaeology in
British Columbia, the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board has recommended that
before any future work in these fields is allowed in British Columbia there should
be specific policies developed under which such activities can take place. The
Board has, therefore, instructed the Provincial Archaeologist to formulate a plan for
the orderly development of historic and underwater archaeology. It is hoped that
the Board's recommendations to the Minister, if approved, will be ready for implementation by the summer of 1976.
At the October 1974 meeting of the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board it
was recommended that the Board be authorized to embark on a publications
program. There is at present a severe lack of publication outlets for achaeological
data in British Columbia. A committee has been established to recommend guidelines for a publication series to Board members by the spring of 1975.
The feasibility of establishing regional archaeologists within the Province was
discussed by Board members during 1974.    Members were in agreement that the
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eventual establishment of such offices would be of great benefit to archaeological
resource management in British Columbia, and the Provincial Archaeologist was
instructed to initiate studies into this matter. As an initial step, the Province has
been divided into four major regions and responsibility for each of these regions
has been assigned to members of the Provincial Archaeologist's staff. It is anticipated that staff members will spend a considerable amount of time during the spring
and summer of 1975 in their region of responsibility, perhaps working out of an
already established Provincial Government office. Again, as with the warden system,
the regional archaeologist concept will be carried out on an experimental basis during
the coming year, with a re-evaluation being made by Board members in the fall of
1975.    A final recommendation by the Board will result from this re-evaluation.
During the year the Board met four times to consider matters of historic importance and additionally held committee meetings in June at Cranbrook and Quesnel
during which members of the respective regional historical societies were able to
discuss matters of regional importance with Board members. Recent amendments
to the Municipal Act approving establishment of regional and local historic and
heritage committees have greatly stimulated interest in the designation of buildings
and lands of local heritage importance.
Five Provincial designations were gazetted during the year, including Alexandra
Lodge and the Old Alexandra Bridge in the Yale District, a portion of the Dewdncy
Trail and the Royal Engineer's Grave between Hope and Princeton, the Keremeos
Grist Mill, and the site of the British Columbia Forest Museum near Duncan.
The first designation under the earlier Historic Objects Preservation Act was
in November 1908, and in subsequent years 43 sites, buildings, or objects have been
accorded Provincial designation.
Activity of the Research Officer and staff of the Board during 1974 included
preparation of detailed analytical reports and recommendations concerning sites and
objects of Provincial historic significance such as Ashcroft Manor, Point Ellice
House, the Dewdney Trail, Yale, the Emily Carr Collection, and the C. J.
Collings Collection at Shuswap. In co-operation with the Federal Government,
Provincial Government departments, Heritage Advisory committees, corporations,
societies, and individuals, reports were prepared on the Baillie-Grohman Canal,
Stanton Cabin, B.C. Land Building. Four-Mile House, Trutch House, Haslam
House, Finlayson Building, Craigflower Schoolhouse, Three Forks, Oliver Barn,
The Semiahmoo Trail, the SS Naramata, and the SS Enterprise.
A systematic inventory of historic sites, objects, and monumental plaques
Barkerville Historic Park
Dr. Margaret Ormsby, Head of the History Department, University of British
Columbia, and a member of the British Columbia Historic Sites Advisory Board,
officially opened Barkerville Historic Park for its 16th season on Tuesday, June
25. The ceremony was followed by the premier performance of "Road to Riches"
in the Theatre Royal, considered the longest-running variety show in Canada. The
troupe commenced their 13th season of crowd-pleasing performances to capacity
crowds at all scheduled performances.
The restoration of the famous gold rush town is continuing under the direction
of the British Columbia Historic Sites Advisory Board, and development of the park
area during 1974 included completion of the souvenir refreshment pavilion, 50 new
campground units in Forest Rose campground, and construction of the log Tsang
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11 jg
■ -
Wall logs going up on the Tsang Sing Co. Store at Barkerville.
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Sing Co. Store as a display unit. The Blacksmith Shop and the Cariboo Sentinal
Press operated as animated displays, and new displays were created for the Wo Lee
Store, the Louis Blanc Photographic Gallery, and the Sheepskin Mining Company,
the latter a typical four-man enterprise of the 1860's. Work continued on the interior
of the Hudson's Bay Store, scheduled for display use during 1975.
Over 200,000 visitors enjoyed the many attractions at the park, including the
stagecoach ride, gold panning, St. Saviour's Church, the Wake-up Jake Coffee
House, and Kelly's Saloon.
Cottonwood House, located on the road to Barkerville, and one of the few
remaining Cariboo road houses, attracted 24,000 visitors during the season who
were interested in viewing the collection of early farm implements and the house
itself, which has been restored to present a picture of an occupied establishment with
a setting and activities reminiscent of more than a century ago. The development of
the garden area and the introduction of barnyard fowl added to the authenticity of
the house, as did the addition of two Clydesdale horses transferred from Fort Steele.
Fort Steele Historic Park
Fort Steele Historic Park, located in British Columbia's East Kootenay District,
was officially opened for the 1974 season on Friday, June 21, by the Provincial
Secretary, the Honourable Ernest Hall. The park recorded 295,000 visitors during
the year, of whom some 2,500 were school children participating in a newly developed educational interpretation program.
Located about 10 miles east of Cranbrook at the junction of Wild Horse Creek
and the Kootenay River, the park has been under development since 1961 and was
officially opened to the public in 1967. Built on the site of the first Northwest
Mounted Police post in British Columbia, the 142-acre park is being restored under
the direction of the British Columbia Historic Sites Advisory Board as a typical
Kootenay town at the turn of the century.
In recognition of its historic background and importance to the region, the
Northwest Mounted Police compound in the park has been restored to its original
condition, with nine buildings being utilized either as working exhibits or storage
areas. Stables in the compound are used to house the pedigree Clydesdale horses,
a star attraction at the park. The latest additions to the team of Clydesdales were
two colts, "Dark Lad" and "Wee Bob," born during April. During the year, two
Clydesdales were transferred to Cottonwood House to add atmosphere to that
The Wild Horse Theatre was open throughout the summer, providing the third
season of top entertainment typical of the past. The 1974 production of "Fort
Steele or Bust" was enjoyed by over 28,000 persons during the twice-daily performances.
The Dunrobin and Shay train rides continued to be a popular feature, with over
23,000 persons riding the scenic rail route located in the northwest section of the
park, and an early 1920's Plymouth gasoline locomotive was donated by the West
Kootenay Power Co. for use in the rail yard. The stagecoach ride and the museum
tours continued to attract visitors who viewed the various displays housed in the
museum building.
A tea room is maintained for the convenience of visitors and gross sales during
1974 exceeded $60,000.
Work continued during the year on the preparation of a guide book which will
provide background information on the park and interpret the history of the Koote-
nays to the visitor.   Three interpretation panels were erected inside the main gate,
each panel concerned with an important event which took place in the Fort Steele
area, namely, the 1864 Gold Rush, the arrival of the Northwest Mounted Police in
1887, and the boom years of the Fort in the 1890's.
Heritage Preservation
Fort St. James—The joint Federal-Provincial development of the old Hudson's
Bay Company post on Stuart Lake continues, attracting a growing number of visitors
during the summer months. The post, established by Simon Fraser in 1806, is being
restored and refurbished to the period of the mid-1890's.
Through the Department, the Provincial Government has been responsible for
acquiring privately owned land within the park. The last remaining parcel of land
involved is expected to be formally handed over in the new year.
Plans for the coming year call for the site to be open to the public until Thanksgiving Day, as was the case in 1974.
Emily Can House—This fine example of a Victorian Italianate-style farmhouse was built by Richard Carr, and was the birthplace of his daughter Emily
in 1871.
Located at 207 Government Street in Victoria, the historic house is to be preserved. Consideration is being given to restoring sections of the interior and the
grounds to the period of Emily's childhood.
Craigflower School—Western Canada's oldest schoolhouse, Craigflower School,
is located a few miles from downtown Victoria on the Gorge waterway.
The school was acquired by the Provincial Government late in 1973 and has
proved to be a popular attraction, particularly for school groups interested to see
what conditions were like in 1855.
The Department of Public Works has carried out a comprehensive survey to
determine what must be done to ensure the preservation of the school, and necessary
maintenance work should begin in 1975.
Administration of Craigflower School, part of the Craigflower Manor complex,
is being co-ordinated by the Historic Sites Advisory Board.
Point Ellice House—Late in 1974, on the recommendation of the Historic
Sites Advisory Board, Point Ellice House, a stately old home from our Colonial
period, was acquired by the Provincial Government. The house, the last remaining
one of its type, along with contents, is located on approximately 2Vi acres of waterfront land in Victoria.
Point Ellice House was built in 1861, and was the home of the Honourable
Peter O'Reilly, Gold Commissioner, County Court Judge, and member of the first
Legislative Council of British Columbia. His grandson, John O'Reilly, and his wife,
have been retained by the Government as curators.
The contents of the house, including much original furniture and family
memorabilia, are being catalogued in preparation for opening to the public from
May 15 to September 15.
Point Ellice House, under the joint jurisdiction of the Capital Improvement
District Commission and the Historic Sites Advisory Board, will be open daily from
10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
British Columbia Forest Museum — Development of the British Columbia
Forest Museum, established by Gerald E. Wellburn in 1954 and acquired by the
Provincial Government in 1973, continued during the past year. Major new acquisitions were the old Westholme Post Office and a Cle-track bulldozer.
Since its beginning, items have been selectively acquired either by contribution
from the forest industry and private donors, or by purchase, until today the museum
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Logging museum at the B.C. Forest Museum, built on the site of the first combination
church, town hall, and school in the Duncan area.
One of the two White logging trucks recently added to the collection of the British Columbia
Transportation Museum.
boasts one of the finest collections of operational vintage forestry equipment in
North America. Well in excess of a quarter of a million people have visited and
enjoyed the museum in the past years and development of educational facilities will
assure greater participation by the school children of the surrounding area. Attendance in 1974 approached 53,000.
The museum's many features include ancient logging steam locomotives which
carry visitors over narrow-gauge track through 25 acres of heavily wooded area, and
over a long lakeshore trestle to view a magnificent variety of rolling stock, early
carriages, automobiles, trucks, and forest industry equipment used decades ago. A
logging museum building which now stands on the site of the area's first combination church, town hall, and school, built in 1863, houses hundreds of exhibits,
historic photographs, heritage objects, and displays. Over 25 different species of
trees, including Douglas firs over 350 years old, can be viewed by visitors on the
"Foresters' Walk" trail included in the museum's boundaries.
Adjacent to the museum site is a 15-acre forestry nursery in which visitors can
view the various stages in forest growth and management.
A 50-acre greenbelt has been established to the south of the museum to protect
the site from industrial encroachment. It is hoped that this area will be formally
added to the museum property in the new year.
British Columbia Transportation Museum — During 1974 the Department
acquired a collection of more than 20 vintage trucks donated to the Government by
Mrs. Jean King, widow of the late Aubrey King. These vehicles form the core of the
British Columbia Transportation Museum. Three more have since been added, two
White logging trucks and a Model A Ford.
A Board of Directors has been appointed to recommend how the vehicles might
best be displayed for public viewing and how they might be used at various events.
A program of restoration is under way, returning the trucks to their former
working condition. In this connection, an extensive stock of spare parts and tires
has been acquired, and work is under way on the following eight vehicles:
1942 Maple Leaif. 1932 International.
1946 Maple Leaf. 1937 International.
1925 Fisher. 1941 International.
1946 Fargo. 1935 Mack.
The other vehicles require a greater degree of repair, which will be carried out
as spare parts are obtained.
During 1974, British Columbia House was pleased to act as host to several
members of the Executive Council of the Government of British Columbia, including the Provincial Secretary. In addition, a number of Deputy Ministers and key
executives of Crown corporations availed themselves of the facilities of British
Columbia House to arrange meetings and conferences with top United Kingdom
Government officials and leading U.K. and European businessmen.
His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor and Mrs. Owen paid a visit to Britain in
June and their busy schedule included being received by Her Majesty the Queen at
Buckingham Palace as well as attending a dinner given by the Canadian High Commissioner in London in honour of the Queen Mother. The Agent-General and Mrs.
Stirling accompanied the Lieutenant-Governor and Mrs. Owen on many of their
engagements and also gave a dinner for them.
W 43
wreath-laying ceremony at Captain Vancouver's grave, St. Peter's Church, Petersham, Surrey, England.
Working in conjunction with the
various trade departments of the Canadian High Commission in London,
British Columbia House provided assistance to many businessmen, both in
the Province and the United Kingdom,
who were seeking to expand their
markets or looking for investment possibilities. During the year the Agent-
General accompanied the Executive
Director of the Department of Economic Development on a tour of West
Germany to discuss with leading trade
officials various aspects of the Province's economic growth and investment
potential. He also hosted a reception
at British Columbia House for the Vancouver Board of Trade following the
conclusion of their successful trade
mission to Europe and the United
The  monthly  News  Letter  continues to enjoy widespread circulation.
It is distributed free of charge throughout the United Kingdom and Europe
to businesses,  financial organizations,
and individuals with interests in the Province, and endeavours to keep them abreast
of the latest industrial, financial,  and social developments taking place  in the
The film library has had a very successful and busy year, the greatest demand
being from travel organizations, schools, and clubs. A new catalogue has been
designed and printed to replace the mimeographed sheets previously used.
Tourism to the Province from Britain and Europe increased substantially in
1974, and this is reflected in the increased number of inquiries received through the
year. The Department of Travel Industry participated in a number of joint travel
promotions with the Alberta Government and the Canadian Government Office of
Tourism in the United Kingdom and Europe as well as with Air Canada and CP
Air. The recent steep increases in North Atlantic air fares have clouded the immediate future, but long-term prospects appear promising. A full report of the
Director of Travel Promotion appears in the Annual Report of the Department
of Travel Industry.
The annual Captain Vancouver commemorative service was held on May 12
in St. Peter's Church, Petersham, Surrey, where he lies buried. Wreaths were laid by
the Mayor of Richmond on behalf of the citizens of the Royal Borough of Richmond
and by H. P. Bell-Irving, President of the Vancouver Board of Trade, on behalf of
the City of Vancouver. A small reception followed at the home of one of the local
The Agent-General was guest speaker at the Charter Dinner of the King's
Lynn Vancouver Round Table, latest addition to the International Association of
Round Tables of Great Britain and Ireland and understood to be affiliated with the
Kinsmen Club of Vancouver. Discussions are presently under way with the West
Norfolk District Council to erect a plaque in King's Lynn, Norfolk, to commemorate
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the birthplace of Captain George Vancouver. It is hoped this will be the first of
many such plaques to be erected in the United Kingdom to commemorate historical
ties with the Province.
The annual Scholarship Selection Committee of the Fairbridge Society and A.
Johnson Bursary met on April 9. These scholarships enable U.K. students to attend
universities in Vancouver and Victoria, and it is customary for the Agent-General
to sit on the committee. This year, in his unavoidable absence, his place was taken
by the Administrative Officer, and five promising students were selected to attend
the University of British Columbia and the University of Victoria.
The continuing increased interest in immigration to Canada is reflected in the
number of inquiries received. Immigration for a time was at its highest level since
1957 and the number admitted during the first six months of 1974 was 47 per cent
higher than the corresponding period in 1973. The increase can be attributed to the
attractive economic conditions in Canada compared with those of the United Kingdom, together with restrictions on immigration introduced by other countries. The
Immigration Counsellors were kept busy answering written inquiries and conducting
interviews with prospective immigrants.
During the year, British Columbia House staff assisted with a number of recruitment drives undertaken both by Government agencies and private industries to
secure specialized personnel from the United Kingdom. Office space was provided,
together with assistance in advertising and interviewing, as well as helping successful
applicants through the immigration procedures. Occupations in greatest demand
were engineers, draughtsmen, nurses, engineering and deck officers, and probation
officers. Although the Canadian Department of Manpower and Immigration have
recently tightened controls on entry to Canada, there has been no slackening in the
number of inquiries received. It is interesting to note that British Columbia was the
intended destination of 15.4 per cent of all immigrants admitted during the first six
months of 1974.
British Columbia House, owned by the Provincial Government, is situated only
a few steps away from Piccadilly Circus in the heart of London's West End. It
is thus ideally situated to cater to the many visitors from the Province who come
to London, and staff are kept busy answering questions on things to see and
places to go.
Many visitors also avail themselves of the mailing facilities for receiving their
mail while in the United Kingdom, and of the reading-room where they can catch up
with events at home by browsing through the various British Columbia newspapers
The Indian Advisory Branch is involved with status and non-status Indian
communities and groups to assist them in the process of self-determination and self-
development. The involvement represents the administration of a grant fund (First
Citizens' Fund) to provide financial assistance for Indian community projects and
The general philosophy of the Fund is based on the idea that community
development is a natural outcome of certain activities; it is not something one does
but something that happens as a result of what one does. Accordingly, the major
objective of the Fund is to assist the leadership of communities to move progressively ahead and take charge of their own affairs. Leaders are encouraged to review
their needs, examine their requirements, analyse their problems, and define their
A First Citizens' Fund Advisory Committee evaluates all applications for assistance directed to the Fund, established under the Revenue Surplus Appropriation
Act, 1969, "to help expand and contribute support to projects involved with the
advancement and expansion of the culture, education, economic development, and
position of persons of the North American Indian race who were born in and arc
residents of the Province of British Columbia."
The Advisory Committee comprises nine members who represent various areas
of the Province.   Members during 1974 were:
Mrs. Gloria Webster, Vancouver.
Mrs. Mildred Gottfriedson, Kamloops.
Mrs. Pearle Pearson, Masset.
Mrs. Theresa Miller, Vancouver.
James Sewid, Alert Bay.
Edwin Newman, Bella Bella.
Joseph Pierre, Cranbrook.
Irvine Harry, Williams Lake.
Arthur Helin, Nanaimo.
R. J. Mclnnes, Co-ordinator, Victoria.
The Advisory Committee held 10 meetings during 1974 to assess 548 applications for financial assistance for projects and programs that were initiated by
Indian communities, organizations, and individuals. The review resulted in 299
recommendations being directed to and approved by the Provincial Secretary, with
a total of $2,096,434 in grants being allocated.
Projects and programs were initiaited at the community level that could not
have evolved without assistance from the First Citizens' Fund and as a result there
is a direct impact on the quality of community life. The program reflected the
desire of the Indian people to improve the social and economic life of their communities, and at the same time preserve and develop their native culture. For example,
community stores were needed in several villages and Band Councils have undertaken to provide such facilities with assistance from the First Citizens' Fund. The
benefits to the Bands in planning such projects are far-reaching. The communities
establish priorities and all the details of the operations. The establishment of such
stores means that local income is recirculated within the communities, a modest
reduction in food prices probably occurs, and some local employment is created.
To take full advantage of a tourist demand, Band Councils are taking steps to
develop community-operated tourist camps. Communities have long been aware of
the opportunities for developing the potential of the tourist industry in their immediate areas, and several camps are presently being operated successfully. All indications are that there is sufficient demand to warrant further camp-site projects.
As well as providing employment, the economic development projects supported with assistance from the First Citizens' Fund have offered Indian residents
experience and competence in operating small businesses and training in administrative and business management skills.
The production of arts and crafts represents an integral part of Indian culture.
Today, the demand for authentic work of Indian craftsmen is increasing, and Indian
entrepreneurs are becoming involved in the retailing of native Indian arts and crafts
in most areas of the Province. Band Councils are encouraged to establish cooperative retail outlets with assistance from the First Citizens' Fund.
Indian organizations have experienced difficulty in communicating with their
members. To help alleviate the problem, the First Citizens' Fund has continued to
extend financial help to produce independent native Indian newspapers.  The papers
help crystallize policies that affect Indian people and provide an information flow
among the native Indians of the Province.
The Radio and Visual Education Network (RAVEN) is the radio network
which links Indian villages together, using side-band radio transeivers, providing
two-way communications in times of emergency, and for the dissemination of information requested by the villages. The RAVEN Society Radio Network benefits the
entire Pacific Coast region by providing a constructive and successful means of
bridging the communications gap in isolated areas. In laying the groundwork for
intercommunity dialogue and opening up communities to new social and economic
opportunities, the network allows for meaningful input into policies and programs
affecting Indian people. Social implications such as participation in decision-making,
leadership, and development of local interest in change are the significant goals
which will have considerable benefits for the entire Pacific Coast region. The First
Citizens' Fund continues to support this most meaningful program.
The preservation and exhibition of native Indian culture is also of utmost
importance to Indian residents. The First Citizens' Fund Advisory Committee has,
therefore, continued to encourage the development of programs that involve the
native Indian people of British Columbia in the collection of taped and written
material pertaining to their languages, legends, customs, histories, and literature.
The projects enable them to enhance their identity and sense of self-worth, and help
equip young people to relate to their communities and to work with other Band
members in developing skills related to the cultural content of their heritage.
Indian people on the reserves are actively involved in established sports. In
consequence, the First Citizens' Fund continues to support the British Columbia
Native Amateur Sports and Recreation Federation, which assists in the organization,
development, and implementation of sports programs at the community level.
During the past few years the citizens of many urban areas observed a social
need among Indian people who were migrating into the cities in increasing numbers.
As a result, Native Indian Friendship Centres have been established in 14 centres
in the Province. Along with private and business donations from the community,
and financial support from the Federal Government and the First Citizens' Fund, the
centres have provided services to help meet the problems encountered by Indian
people living in urban areas.
Such projects foster the development of an Indian identity and cultural pride.
They also provide an opportunity for non-Indians to become aware of the valuable
contributions which Indians have made to Provincial art, culture, and history.
The Metric Conversion Co-ordinating Committee for Government departments
and Crown agencies, composed of representatives from all departments and agencies, held four meetings during the year, under the chairmanship of W. J. Williams,
to identify the activities that will have to be considered so that plans can be made to
schedule and implement Government conversion to the Metric system of weights
and measures.
The Executive Director, E. Gosh, joined the Committee in April of 1974 to
oversee the conversion. The Provincial Government committee continued to work
closely with the Canada Metric Commission and the executive attended four meetings of the Provincial Interdepartmental Committee. In addition, four interprovin-
cial meetings were held to discuss problems of mutual interest to the provinces, the
two territories, the Metric Commission, and the Canada Standards Council.
A start was made in holding Provincial training seminars. A two-day seminar
was held for the Metric Conversion Committee, a one-day seminar for subcommittee
members, and a half-day seminar for secretaries. The seminars were conducted by
Metricanada from Toronto.
Of interest is the progress being made in education in British Columbia in that
Grades I to III were converted to metric in Mathematics and Sciences in 1973/74
and in the fall of 1974 this prograim was extended to Grades IV to VI.
The Metric Conversion Act received Royal Assent on June 5. Passage of the
Act received unanimous support from the House.
Various Government departments are starting to create committees to plan
their departmental activities. In addition, the Conversion Co-ordinating Committee
has created subcommittees in the areas of public awareness, opportunities for industrial export, training, legislation, municipal affairs, standards, and purchasing.
The Provincial Cabinet has approved a time-table for metric conversion. The
investigation phase is now substantially completed and planning and scheduling of
conversion for individual departments, industries, or interest groups should be substantially completed during 1976. Implementation has already started in some
departments and will build up in 1975, peak in 1977/78, and should largely be
accomplished by the end of 1980.
The British Columbia Lotteries Branch was established after the passage of the
Lotteries Act by the Legislative Assembly on May 21, and Royal Assent granted
on July 17, 1974. The Branch is the licensing authority for bingos, lotteries, and
other forms of social gambling in the Province, but, more important, it administers
the Western Canada Lottery Foundation in British Columbia.
The Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia
formed the co-operative lottery under the name of the Western Canada Lottery
Foundation to eliminate the proliferation of lotteries and to maximize the financial
returns to the Provinces and the agencies selling the tickets. The four Provinces are
equal partners in the Foundation, with two Directors appointed from each constituting the Board of Directors. Profits from the operation of the lottery are distributed
on a pro rata basis.
Operations of the Lotteries Branch commenced in July from the Cedar Room
in the Buildings with a temporary staff of five. Permanent offices were opened late
in August on Langley Street in Victoria and a permanent staff of 13 was hired.
Ticket sales are through local, nonprofit organizations which must declare how
their share of the profits will be used before being authorized to sell tickets. During
the first lottery, 444 such licensed agencies shared over $700,000 in commissions
for such projects as senior citizens' housing, crippled children's travel funds, cancer
research, amateur sports, cultural activities, maintenance of church buildings, and
rehabilitation of disabled children.
The first draw was held in Winnipeg on November 2, and 652 British Columbians won prizes ranging from $100 to $50,000. Future draws for the quarterly
lotteries will be held in the four western Provinces on a rotating basis.
A total of 812,184 tickets was sold in British Columbia for the first lottery,
36.6 per cent of the total. British Columbia's share of the net proceeds was
$658,557, to be used for recreation, cultural, and heritaige activities.
Regular communication between the Lotteries Branch and its agencies is
maintained through a news bulletin. Agencies are also supplied with directives,
promotional material, and other pertinent information.
 W 48
A wheelbarrow full of money, $750,000, prize money for the first Western Canada Lottery,
on well-guarded display at a ceremony marking the inauguration of the lottery.
Provincial Secretary Ernest Hall sells the first ticket for the first Western Canada Lottery
to well-known sports figure, Archie McKinnon.
W 49
During the year a major change was made in the Department's role as "Secretariat" to the Executive Council. In August the position of Planning Adviser to
Cabinet was formally established to assist Cabinet in over-all planning and policy
co-ordination, This Branch is to assist the Cabinet and its Committees and to
analyse expenditure and program priorities established by the Government.
The Planning Adviser to Cabinet enjoys Deputy Minister status. He is to
be assisted in carrying out his duties by a six-member staff of officials. This support staff will be divided into three sections dealing with Policy and Research, Coordination, and Intergovernmental Affairs. It is expected that this office will be
fully operational early in the new year.
 W 50
Department of Queen's Printer Balance Sheet as at March 31,1974
Current assets
$ $
Inventory, March 31, 1974      440,050.91
Labour in process, March 31, 1974      138,381.51
Materials in process, March 31, 1974      111,115.69
Accounts receivable
Departmental       62,431.00
General           17,402.26
Total current assets    769,381.37
Fixed assets
Plant and equipment    1,234,598.94
Less reserve for depreciation   1,234,597.94
Total fixed assets   1.00
Queen's Printer Operating Account      769,382.37
Certified correct:
Queen's Printer
Certified correct:
Administrative Assistant
Department of Queen's Printer
Profit and Loss Statement for 12 Months Ended March 31,1974
Sales $ $ $
Gross sales   5,212,578.39
Less refunds   4,462.98
Net sales     5,208,115.41
Merchandise inventory       368,420.17
Labour in process, March 31, 1974      130,030.41
Printing and binding   2,448,854.78
Stationery   1,264,810.75
Total purchases   4,212,116.11
Factory payroll     1,264,376.86
Current inventory, March 31, 1974       440,050.91
Current labour in process, March 31, 1974       138,381.51
Current materials in process, March 31, 1974 ....     111,115.69
Net cost of goods sold     4,786,944.86
Gross profit        421,170.55
Salaries     118,303.60
Office expenses     11,784.37
Travel expense     1,184.72
Factory expense     48,294.36
Depreciation     29,630.75
Total expenses          209,197.80
Net profit          211,972.75
 W 52
Statistical Summary of Legislative Library Activities
Reference questions— 1974               (1973)
Directory and ready reference     1,625
Specific       2,182
Research (requiring considerable research time)    518
Newspaper index—
New items indexed     54,695
Entries in index   123,354
Magazine index—
Items indexed     281
Entries    (ca.) 550
Note—Approximately 100 British Columbia periodicals are
scanned for selective indexing.
Retroactive index project—News items indexed   43,333
Interlibrary Loans
Books lent to libraries other than the Library Development Commission     302
Microfilms lent   20
Requests met by photocopied material   218
Books lent to Library Development Commission for interlibrary
arrangement with British Columbia public libraries   186
Total interlibrary loan requests supplied   726
Books borrowed by Legislative Library    87                 (41)
Photocopy received by Legislative Library from other libraries .... 128                 (31)
Total interlibrary loans received     215                 (72)
New titles added to main catalogue* of Legislative Library  10,961             (8,537)
Titles catalogued for departmental collections   4,746            (3,684)
Xerox supplied    pages 37,746          (26,901)
Photostats supplied  pages 96               (104)
Microfilm supplied   —.pages     (612)
Reader-Printer    - 2,056         	
Magazines—Total received   775               (692)
British Columbia daily     17                 (17)
British Columbia weekly, semi-weekly, etc.   176               (162)
Total British Columbia  193               (179)
Canadian, foreign     38                  (36)
Total newspapers   231                (215)
Binding (excluding Government documents and material processed by
the Library staff)
Newspapers    volumes 174               (291)
Periodicals    volumes 47                  (28)
Total       volumes 221                (319)
Government Documents
Documents received   _. 34,817          (31,851)
* Includes material in departmental libraries  catalogued by the Legislative Library  and  material  in  the
Library Development Commission.
W 53
Members of the Legislative Assembly and Executive Council, 1907-45
Listed in Appendix C are members of the Legislative Assembly and the Executive Council
in the second 10 Parliaments elected in British Columbia.
A number of important developments in the political life of the Province took place during
this period, the most notable being the extension of the franchise to women.
The subject was linked with prohibition in the Prohibition and Woman Suffrage Referendum Act, voted on in 1916. Woman suffrage was approved by a vote of 51,892 to 24,606.
(Prohibition was also approved, 41,806 to 36,102.)
The Woman Suffrage Act, (chapter 76), was passed that year after the favourable vote,
and was itself repealed and replaced by a 1917 change in the Provincial Elections Act, (chapter
23), which extended the franchise to women and allowed them to be members of the
Legislative Assembly.
Women first voted in British Columbia in a Vancouver by-election on January 24, 1918.
Mary Ellen Smith was elected, filling the vacancy caused by her husband's death. This was
said to be the first time in the world that a woman succeeded her husband to an elected office.
Another world first was Mrs. Smith's promotion to the Cabinet as Minister Without Portfolio
on March 24, 1921. In the next General Election, in 1920, she topped the poll in Vancouver,
winning 3,670 more votes than the second candidate in the then six-seat riding.
During much of this period, under the Constitution Act, no one receiving an annual salary
or any fee from the Government was eligible to sit or vote as a member of the Legislative
Assembly unless he was elected while actually holding such an office. This resulted frequently
in the swearing in of Cabinet Ministers shortly before the date of a General Election. If a
different party gained control of the Legislature, new Ministers were sworn in, resigned, and
ran in by-elections. Similarly, a member appointed to the Cabinet between General Elections
resigned and ran in a by-election. In 1915 and 1924, new Ministers were defeated in by-
elections.  This situation continued until the Constitution Act was amended in 1929.
The depression and the Second World War resulted in a proliferation of political parties
in British Columbia, with 13 running in the 1941 election. The successful Liberal and Conservative candidates in this election, with the exception of Liberal Premier T. D. Pattullo,
supported the move to a Coalition Government. When his caucus voted to support the Coalition
in December of that year, Pattullo resigned and the Coalition governed until 1952.
Members of the third 10 Parliaments elected in the Province will be published in the 1975
Annual Report of the Department of the Provincial Secretary.
 W 54
42 Mem
First Ses
Third Se
Electoral District
: February 2, 1907.
sion: March 7 to April 25, 1907.
Session: January 16 to March 7, 1908.
ssion: January 21 to March 12, 1909.
Brewster, Harlan Carey (Lib.).
Young, Henry Esson (Cons.).
..Jones, Harry (Lib.).
Cariboo (2)	
Yorston, John MacKay (Lib.).
Munro, Charles William (Lib.).
..Parson, Henry G. (Cons.).
..Grant, Robert (Cons.).
Hayward, William Henry (Cons.).
..King, James Horace (Lib.).
Oliver, John (Lib.).
.McBride, Richard (Cons.) (resigned; elected in both Victoria and
Dewdney ridings).
Manson, William J. (Cons.) (by-election, March 1907 [McBride]).
Jardine, John (Lib.).
Ross, William Roderick (Cons.).
Grand Forks
McInnis, John (Soc).
Naden, George Ratcliffe (Lib.).
The Islands	
McPhillips, Albert Edward (Cons.).
. Fulton, Frederick John (Cons.).
Kaslo   .
Mackay, Neil Franklin (Cons.).
Eagleson, Mark Robert (Lib.).
Nanaimo City	
.Hawthornthwaite, James Hurst (Soc).
Nelson City	
Hall, George Arthur Benjamin (Lib.).
Williams, Parker (Soc).
Gifford, Thomas (Lib.).
..Ellison, Price (Cons.).
New Westminster
Taylor, Thomas (Cons.).
..Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett (Cons.).
Rossland City	
Macdonald, James Alexander (Lib.).
Eberts, David McEwen (Cons.).
Shatford Lytton Wilmot (Cons.).
.Kergin, William Thomas (Lib.).
...Hunter, William (Cons.).
Vancouver Citv (5)	
..Bowser, William John (Cons.).
Victoria City (4)
MacGowan, Alexander Henry B. (Cons.).
Tatlow, Robert Garnett (Cons.).
Garden, James Ford (Cons.).
McGuire, George Albert (Cons.).
McBride, Richard (Cons.).
Davey, Frederick (Cons.).
Behnsen, Henry Frederick William (Cons.).
Thomson, Henry Broughton (Cons.).
Henderson, Stuart (Cons.).
Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Executive Council, Eleventh Parliament, February 1907 to October 1909
February 1907 to  Richard McBride.
Provincial Secretary:
February 1907 to  Henry Esson Young.
February 1907 to July 1907  ..Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
July 1907 to   ..William John Bowser, K.C.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
March 1907 to December 1908 Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
(Two Departments established at 1908 Session:
Department of Lands Act, 1908, chap. 31, and
Department of Public Works Act, 1908, chap. 41.)
Chief Commissioner of Lands:
December 1908 to November 1909 Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
Public Works:
December 1908 to   Thomas Taylor.
Finance and Agriculture:
February 1907 to October 1909 ...Robert Garnett Tatlow.
February 1907 to    Richard McBride.
February 1907 to   .Henry Esson Young.
President of the Council:
February 1907 to  Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton.
March 1907 to    David McEwen Eberts, K.C.
W 55
 W 56                                                   BRITISH COLUMBIA
42 Members.
Election: November 25, 1909.
First Session: January 20 to March 10, 1910.
Second Session: January 12 to March 1, 1911.
Third Session: January 11 to February 27, 1912.
Electoral District                                                                         Members
Alberni Brewster. Harlan Carev (Lib.").
...Young, Henry Esson (Cons.).
Cariboo (2)	
...Callanan, Michael (Cons.).
Fraser, John Anderson (Cons.).
Cawley, Samuel Arthur (Cons.).
..Parson, Henry George (Cons.).
...Manson, Michael (Cons.).
...Hayward, William Henry (Cons.).
Caven, Thomas Donald (Cons.).
Mackenzie, Francis James Anderson (Cons.).
...Manson, William J. (Cons.).
Grand Forks	
Jardine, John (Lib.).
Ross, William Roderick (Cons.).
Miller, Ernest (Cons.).
Jackson, John Robert (Cons.).
McPhillips, Albert Edward (Cons.).
Shaw, James Pearson (Cons.).
..Mackay, Neil Franklin (Cons.).
The Islands	
..McDonald, Archibald (Cons.).
Nanaimo City
Nelson City	
Hawthornthwaite, James Hurst (Soc).
.Wright, Harry (Cons.).
Williams, Parker (Soc).
..Gifiord, Thomas (Lib.).
New Westminster Citv	
Rossland City
Ellison, Price (Cons.).
Taylor, Thomas (Cons.).
Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett (Cons.).
Braden, William Robert (Cons.).
.Eberts, David McEwen (Cons.).
Shatford, Lytton Wilmot (Cons.).
..Manson, William (Cons.).
Hunter, William (Cons.).
Vancouver City (5) ..
Victoria City (4)....	
Bowser, William John (Cons.).
Watson, Henry Holgate (Cons.).
MacGowan, Alexander Henry Boswell (Cons.).
Tisdall, Charles Edward (Cons.).
McGuire, George Albert (Cons.).
McBride, Richard (Cons.).
Davey, Frederick (Cons.).
Behnsen, Henry Frederick William (Cons.).
Thomson, Henry Broughton (Cons.).
McBride, Richard (Cons.) (resigned: elected in both Victoria and
Yale ridings).
Lucas, Alexander (Cons.)  (by-election, November 27, 1910, acclamation [McBride]).
..Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Executive Council, Twelfth Parliament, November 1909 to March 1912
 to   Richard McBride.
Provincial Secretary:
 to          Henry Esson Young.
 to  William John Bowser, K.C.
November 1909 to October 1910        ..Price Ellison.
October 1910 to         William Roderick Ross, K.C.
Public Works:
 to    Thomas Taylor.
Finance and Agriculture:
October 1909 to October 1910 William John Bowser, K.C.
October 1910 to   Price Ellison.
 to    Richard McBride.
 to      Henry Esson Young.
March 1911 to  Thomas Taylor.
(At the 1911 Session the Department of Railways was established:
Railway Department Act, 1911, Statutes of British Columbia, 1911, chap. 45.)
President of the Council:
 to October 1910      Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton.
October 1910 to  Albert Edward McPhillips, K.C.
 to   -     David McEwen Eberts, K.C.
 W 58
42 Members.
: March 28, 1912.
First Session: January 16 to March 1, 1913.
Second Session: January 15 to March 4, 1914.
Third Session: January 21 to March 6, 1915.
Fourth Session: March 2 to March 31, 1916.
Electoral District
.Wood, John George Corry (Cons.).
Young, Henry Esson (Cons.).
Fraser, John Anderson (Cons.).
Cariboo (2)
Callanan, Michael (Cons.).
Cawley, Samuel Arthur (Cons.).
Columbia     .
Forster, Harold Ernest (Cons.).
Manson, Michael (Cons.).
Hayward, William Henry (Cons.).
.Caven, Thomas Donald (Cons.).
Mackenzie, Francis James Anderson (Cons.).
Manson, William J. (Cons.).
Pooley, Robert Henry (Cons.).
Ross, William Roderick (Cons.).
Grand Forks	
Miller, Ernest (Cons.).
Jackson, John Robert (Cons.).
The Islands	
McPhillips, Albert Edward  (Cons.)   (resigned,   1913, upon ap
pointment to Court of Appeal).
Foster, William Wasbrough  (Cons.)   (by-election, December 6,
1913 [McPhillips]).
Shaw, John Pearson (Cons.).
Mackay, Neil Franklin (Cons.).
McDonald, Archibald (Cons.).
Nanaimo City
Place, John Thomas W. (Soc).
MacLean, William Ross (Cons.).
Nelson City .
Williams, Parker (Soc).
Gifford, Thomas (Lib.).
New Westminster City	
Ellison, Price (Cons.).
Taylor, Thomas (Cons.).
Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett (Cons.).
Rossland City	
Campbell, Lome Argyle (Cons.).
Eberts, David McEwen (Cons.).
Shatford, Lytton Wilmot (Cons.).
Manson, William (Cons.).
Hunter, William (Cons.).
Vancouver Citv (51	
McGuire, George Albert (Cons.).
Bowser, William John (Cons.).
Tisdall, Charles Edward  (Cons.)   (resigned upon acceptance of
office, not re-elected).
MacGowan, Alexander Henry Boswell (Cons.).
Watson, Henry Holgate (Cons.).
Macdonald, Malcolm Archibald (Lib.) (by-election, February 26,
1916 [Tisdall]).
Victoria City (4)
McBride,   Sir   Richard   (Cons.)    (resigned,   December   1915,   to
accept post of Agent-General in London).
Thomson, Henry Broughton.
Davey, Frederick.
Behnsen, Henry Frederick William.
Brewster,  Harlan  Carey   (Lib.)   (by-election,   March   4,   1916
Lucas, Alexander (Cons.).
Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Executive Council, Thirteenth Parliament, March 1912 to November 1916
 to December 1915 Sir Richard McBride (resigned to accept post
as Agent-General in London).
December 1915 to November 1916 William John Bowser, K.C.
Provincial Secretary:
 to December 1915  Henry Esson Young.
December 1915 to June 1916  Thomas Taylor.
June 1916 to November 1916  George Albert McGuire.
 to November 1916  William John Bowser, K.C.
■ to November 1916... William Roderick Ross, K.C.
Public Works:
 to December 1915.... .....Thomas Taylor.
December 1915 to March 1916  Charles Edward Tisdall (resigned upon acceptance of office, not re-elected).
March 1916 to November 1916 Thomas Taylor.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to December 1915  Price Ellison.
December 1915 to March 1916 Alfred Cornelius Flumerfelt (not a member).
March 1916 to June 1916  Lome Argyle Campbell.
(At 1916 Session a separate Department of Agriculture was established:
Department of Agriculture Act, Statutes of British Columbia, 1916, chap. 3.)
June 1916 to July 1916 Lome Argyle Campbell.
July 1916 to November 1916  Alexander Stewart.
June 1916 to November 1916 William Manson.
to December 1915 Sir Richard McBride.
December 1915 to November 1916 Lome Argyle Campbell.
to December 1915  .....Henry Esson Young.
December 1915 to June 1916. ...Thomas Taylor (acting).
June 1916 to November 1916 George Albert McGuire (acting).
to December 1915   Thomas Taylor.
December 1915 to March 1916 Charles Edward Tisdall.
March 1916 to November 1916 Thomas Taylor.
President of the Council:
 to December 1915..  Albert Edward McPhillips.
December 1915 to June 1916  William Manson.
June 1916 to November 1916  Ernest Miller.
David McEwen Eberts, K.C.
 W 60
47 Members (Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1915, chap. 14).
Election: September 14, 1916.
First Session: March 1 to May 19, and August 14 to 17, 1917.
Second Session: February 7 to April 23, 1918.
Third Session: January 30 to March 29, 1919.
Fourth Session: January 29 to April 17, 1920.
Electoral District
Brewster, Harlan Carey (Lib.) (resigned; elected in both Alberni
and Victoria ridings).
Wallis, Richard Pateman (Lib.)   (by-election, January 24,  1918
[Brewster]) (died, October 1918).
Burde, Richard John (Lib.) (acclamation [Wallis]).
-Mobley, Frank Harry (Lib.).
Cariboo (previously 2)	
Yorston, John Mackay (Lib.).
Barrow, Edward Dodsley (Lib.).
.Buckham, John Andrew (Lib.).
..Stewart, Hugh (Lib.).
Hayward, William Henry (Cons.) (resigned, November 1918).
Duncan, Kenneth Forest (Ind.)  (by-election, January 1919 [Hay-
.King, James Horace (Lib.).
Mackenzie, Francis James Anderson (Cons.).
..Oliver, John (Lib.).
Pooley, Robert Henry (Cons.).
Fisher, Alexander Ingram (Lib.).
Ross, William Roderick (Cons.).
Thompson, James Edwin Wallace (Lib.).
.MacLean, John Duncan (Lib.).
Fort George (new)	
Grand Forks	
The Islands	
Jackson, Malcolm Bruce (Lib.).
Anderson, Frederick William (Cons.).
..Keen, John (Lib.).
.McDonald, Archibald (Cons.).
Nanaimo (formerly Nanaimo City)  	
Nelson (formerly Nelson
Sloan, William (Lib.).
.Rose, William Oliver (Cons.).
New Westminster (formerly
New Westminster City)
North Okanagan* (new)
North Vancouver (new)
Omineca (new)	
Prince Rupertt (new)....	
Williams, Parker (Soc.) (resigned, January 10, 1918, upon appointment to Workmen's Compensation Board).
Hawthornthwaite, James Hurst (Soc.) (by-election, January 24,
1918 [Williams]).
Whiteside, David (Lib.).
MacDonald, Kenneth Cattanach (Lib.).
Hanes, George Samuel (Lib.).
Manson, Alexander Malcolm (Lib.).
Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Sutherland, William Henry (Lib.).
McGeer, Gerald Gratton (Lib.).
Rossland (formerly Rossland City)	
Willson, William David (Lib.).
Pauline, Frederick Arthur (Lib.).
Shatford, Lytton Wilmot (resigned, August 1917, upon appointment to Senate).
McKenzie, William Alexander (by-election, January 24, 1918
Nelson, Charles Franklin (Lib.).
South Okanagan* (new)
Jones, James William (Cons.).
* Okanagan divided into North and South Okanagan ridings, one member each,
f Skeena riding disappeared until 1923.
W 61
Electoral District Members
South Vancouver (new) Weart, John Walter (Lib.).
Traill: (new)  Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Vancouver City (6) (I new)...MACDONALD, Malcolm Archibald (Lib.).
Smith, Ralph (Lib.) (died, February 1917).
McIntosh, John William (Lib.).
Farris, John Wallace deBeque (Lib.).
Bowser, William John (Cons.).
Cowper, John Sedgwick (Lib.).
Smith, Mary Ellen (Lib.) (by-election, January 24, 1918 [Smith]).
Victoria City (4) Brewster, Harlan Carey (Lib.) (died, March 1, 1918).
Bell, George (Lib.).
Hart, John (Lib.).
Hall, Henry Charles (Lib.).
Giolma, Francis William Henry (Ind.) (by-election, June 28, 1918
Yale—  Walters, Joseph (Lib.).
t Ymir became part of new Trail riding.
Executive Council, Fourteenth Parliament, November 1916 to November 1920
November 1916 to March 1918 Harlan Carey Brewster (died, March 1, 1918).
March 1918  John Oliver.
Provincial Secretary:
November 1916 to    John Duncan MacLean.
November 1916 to May 1917  Malcolm Archibald Macdonald, K.C.
May 17 to   John Wallace deBeque Farris, K.C.
November 1916 to    Thomas Dufferin Pattullo.
Public Works:
November 1916 to  James Horace King.
November 1916 to February 1917 Ralph Smith (died, February 1917).
February 1917 to June 1917  ..Harlan Carey Brewster.
June 1917 to    John Hart.
November 1916 to April 1918 John Oliver.
April 1918 to   — Edward Dodsley Barrow.
November 1916 to   William Sloan.
November 1916 to   ...John Duncan MacLean.
November 1916 to  John Oliver.
May 1917 to   John Wallace deBeque Farris, K.C.
(At 1917 Session the Department of Labour was established:
Department of Labour Act, Statutes of British Columbia, 1917, chap. 32).
June 1919 to    John Oliver.
(At 1919 Session the Department of Industries was established:
Department of Industries Act, Statutes of British Columbia, 1919, chap. 24).
President of the Council:
November 1916 to May 1917  Harlan Carey Brewster.
May 1917 to June 1917      John Wallace deBeque Farris, K.C.
June 1917 to March 1918   Harlan Carey Brewster.
March 1918 to   .....John Oliver.
March 1917 to August 1917        ...       John Walter Weart.
February 1918 to October 1920... John Keen.
 W 62
47 Members.
: December 1, 1920.
First Session: February 28 to April 2, 1921.
Second Session: October 18 to December 3, 1921.
Third Session: October 30 to December 16, 1922.
Fourth Session: October 29 to December 21, 1923.
Electoral District
Burde, Richard John (Ind.).
Kergin, Herbert Frederick (Lib.).
Yorston, John Mackay (Lib.).
Barrow, Edward Dodsley (Lib.).
Buckham, John Andrew (Lib.).
Menzies, Thomas (Peoples Party).
Duncan, Kenneth Forrest (Ind.).
King, James Horace (Lib.) (resigned, January 1922).
Wallinger,  Noel  Stirling Austin Arnold   (Cons.)   (by-election,
August 15, 1922 [King]).
Oliver, John (Lib.) (resigned; elected in both Delta and Victoria
Paterson, Alexander McDonald (Lib.)  (by-election, February 3,
1921 [Oliver]).
Catherwood, John Alexander (Cons.).
Pooley, Robert Henry (Cons.).
Uphill, Thomas (Lab.).
Fort George	
Perry, Harry George Thomas (Lib.).
Henniger, Ezra Churchill (Lib.).
Grand Forks	
MacLean, John Duncan (Lib.).
The Islands	
Jackson, Malcolm Bruce (Lib.).
Anderson, Frederick William (Cons.).
Kaslo  .
Lister, Fred (Cons.).
McDonald, Archibald (Cons.).
Sloan, William (Lib.).
Rose, William Oliver (Cons.) (resigned, November 19, 1921).
Campbell, Kenneth (Lib.) (by-election, March 22, 1922 [Rose]).
Guthrie, Samuel (Soc).
New Westminster
Whiteside, David (Lib.).
North Okanagan
MacDonald, Kenneth Cattanach (Lib.).
North Vancouver
Hanes, George Samuel (Lib.).
Manson, Alexander Malcolm (Lib.).
Prince Rupert
Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Sutherland, William Henry (Lib.).
Pearson, Thomas (Cons.).
Esling, William Kemble (Cons.).
Pauline, Frederick Arthur (Lib.).
Similkameen. _
McKenzie, William Alexander (Cons.).
Hunter, William (Cons.).
Jones, James William (Cons.).
South Okanagan
South Vancouver
Neelands, Robert Henry (Lib.).
Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Smith, Mrs. Mary Ellen (Lib.).
Trail  -	
Vancouver Citv (6).. 	
Mackenzie, Ian Alistair (Lib.).
Farris, John Wallace deBeque (Lib.).
Ramsay, James (Lib.).
Macdonald, Malcolm  Archibald   (Lib.)   (resigned,  October   17,
Bowser, William John (Cons.).
Victoria City (4)
Oliver, John (Lib.).
Hinchliffe, Joshua (Cons.).
Hart, John (Lib.).
Clearihue, Joseph Badenock (Lib.).
McRae, John (Cons.).
Executive Council, Fifteenth Parliament, December 1920 to September 1924
 to John Oliver.
Provincial Secretary:
 to September 1924 John Duncan MacLean.
 to January 1922   John Wallace deBeque Farris, K.C.
January 1922 to  Alexander Malcolm Manson, K.C.
 to Thomas Dufferin Pattullo.
Public Works:
 to January 1922  ...James Horace King.
January 1922 to  William Henry Sutherland
 to August 1924 John Hart.
August 1924 to  John Duncan MacLean.
 to  Edward Dodsley Barrow.
 to ■ William Sloan.
 to   John Duncan MacLean.
 to October 1922 John Oliver.
October 1922 to August 1924  John Duncan MacLean.
August 1924 to  William Henry Sutherland.
 to January 1922 John Wallace deBeque Farris, K.C.
April 1922 to  Alexander Malcolm Manson, K.C.
 to April 1922 John Oliver.
April 1922 to September 1924 John Hart.
President of the Council:
 to  John Oliver.
February 1921 to January 1922 Alexander Malcolm Manson, K.C.
October 1922 to May 1924...  Frederick Arthur Pauline.
W 63
 W 64
48 Members (Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1923, chap. 6).
Election: June 20, 1924.
First Session: November 3 to December 19, 1924.
Second Session: November 2 to December 19, 1925.
Third Session: December 16, 1926 to March 7, 1927.
Fourth Session: January 24 to March 14, 1928.
Electoral District
Burde, Richard John (Ind.).
Kergin, Herbert Frederick (Lib.).
Burnaby (new)
.Browne, Francis Aubrey (Lab.).
Stoddart, David Alexander (Provincial Party).
Barrow, Edward Dodsley (Lib.).
Buckham, John Andrew (Lib.).
Harrison, Paul Phillips (Ind.).
Davie, Cyril Francis (Cons.).
Wallinger, Noel Stirling Austin Arnold (Cons.).
Creston (new)
Lister, Fred (Cons.).
Paterson, Alexander McDonald (Lib.).
Catherwood, John Alexander (Cons.).
Pooley, Robert Henry (Cons.).
Uphill, Thomas (Lab.).
Fort George	
Perry, Harry George (Lib.).
Grand Forks-Greenwood
McKie, John (Cons.)  (died, 1924; never took his seat in Legis
McPherson, Dougakl (Lib.) (by-election, April 25, 1925 [McKie]).
The Islands	
Peck, Cyrus Wesley (Cons.)
Colley, James Reginald (Lib.).
Leary, Charles Sidney (Lib.).
Munn, Albert Edward (Lib.).
Mackenzie (new)
Manson, Michael (Cons.).
Sloan, William (Lib.).
Campbell, Kenneth (Lib.)  (resigned, July 1924, to open seat for
John Oliver).
Oliver, John (Lib.)   (by-election, August 23,  1924 [Campbell])
(died, August 17, 1927).
McDonald, James Albert (Lib.)   (by-election, October 17,  1927
New Westminster
Rothwell, Edwin James (Lib.) (died, June 1927).
Gray,   Arthur  Wellesley   (Lib.)   (by-election,   August   25,   1927
North Okanacan
MacDonald, Kenneth Cattanach (Lib.) (resigned to accept office,
not re-elected).
Cochrane, Arthur Ormiston (Cons.)  (by-election, September 24,
1924 [MacDonald])  (died, December 3, 1926).
Kennedy,  William  Farris   (Cons.)   (by-election,   June   9,   1927
North Vancouver
Bryan, John Melvin (Lib.).
Manson, Alexander Malcolm (Lib.)-.
Prince Rupert
Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Revelstoke- —
Sutherland, William Henry (Lib.).
Richmond-Point Grey (for
merlv Richmond)	
Walkem, George Alexander (Cons.).
Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Coventry, Thomas George (Cons.).
Salmon Arm (new
Bruhn, Rolf Wallgren (Cons.).
Similkameen ..
McKenzie, William Alexander (Cons.).
Skeena (new) .
Wrinch, Horace Cooper (Lib),
of Cowichan and Newcastle.
er ridings
* Combined form
t Combined former ridings
of Kaslo and Slocan.
t Combined former ridings
of Rossland and Trail.
W 65
Electoral District
South Okanagan   Jones, lames William (Cons.).
South Vancouver Neelands, Robert Henry (Lib.).
Vancouver City (6) Woodward, Charles (Lib.).
Odlum, Victor Wentworth (Lib.).
McRae, Christopher (Lib.).
Mackenzie, Ian Alistair (Lib.).
Smith, Mary Ellen (Lib.).
Creery, Andrew McCreight (Provincial Party).
Victoria City (4). ....Hayward, Reginald (Cons.).
Hinchliffe, Joshua (Cons.).
Twigg, Harold Despard (Cons.).
Lyons, Allan (Cons.).
Yale MacLean, John Duncan (Lib.).
Executive Council, Sixteenth Parliament, September 1924 to August 1928
■ to August 1927  John Oliver (died, August 17, 1927).
August 1927 to August 1928  John Duncan MacLean.
Provincial Secretary:
September 1924 to October 1924 Kenneth  Cattanach  MacDonald   (resigned  to
accept office; not re-elected).
October 1924 to December 1927 William Sloan.
December 1927 to June 1928 Thomas Dufferin Pattullo.
June 1928 to August 1928  ..Ian Alistair Mackenzie.
 to August 1928 Alexander Malcolm Manson, K.C.
■ to August 1928 Thomas Dufferin Pattullo.
Public Works:
to August 1928   William Henry Sutherland.
 to June 1928  John Duncan MacLean.
June 1928 to August 1928 Dugald Donaghy.
to August 1928  ...Edward Dodsley Barrow.
 to March 1928  ...William Sloan.
March 1928 to August 1928      William Henry Sutherland.
 to August 1928 .....John Duncan MacLean.
to August 1928  William Henry Sutherland.
 to August 1928    Alexander Malcolm Manson, K.C.
September 1924 to June 1928. John Duncan MacLean.
June 1928 to August 1928     Dugald Donaghy.
President of the Council:
 to August 1927  John Oliver.
August 1927 to August 1928 John Duncan MacLean.
November 3, 1924, to June 7, 1928      John Andrew Buckham.
48 Members.
Election: July 18, 1928.
First Session: January 22 to March 20, 1929.
Second Session: January 28 to March 25, 1930.
Third Session: February 11 to April 1, 1931.
Fourth Session: February 17 to April 13, 1932.
Fifth Session: February 23 to April 7, 1933.
Electoral District Members
Alberni Hanna, Laurence Arnold (Lib.)
Atlin Kergin, Herbert Frederick (Lib.).
Burnaby Rutledge, William Robert (Cons.).
Cariboo Mackenzie, Roderick (Cons.).
Chilliwack Atkinson, William (Cons.).
Columbia Buckham, John Andrew (Lib.) (died, October 1931).
King, Thomas (Lib.) (by-election, December 19, 1931 [Buckham]).
Comox   MacNaughton, George Kerr (Cons.).
Cowichan-Newcastle Davie, Cyril Francis (Cons.).
Cranbrook MacPherson, Frank Mitchell (Lib.).
Creston Lister, Fred (Cons.).
Delta Berry, John Walter (Cons.).
Dewdney Lougheed, Nelson Seymour (Cons.).
Esquimau   Pooley, Robert Henry (Cons.).
Fernie   Uphill, Thomas (Lab.).
Fort George   Burden, Frederick Parker (Cons.)  (resigned, November 1930, to
accept post of Agent-General in London).
Alward, Roy Walter (Cons.)   (by-election, January 7,  1931
Grand Forks-Greenwood Kingston, Charles Morgan (Cons.).
The Islands  Peck, Cyrus Wesley (Cons.) (resigned, January 1931, on appointment to pensions tribunal).
Macintosh, MacGregor Fuilarton (Cons.)   (by-election, January
1931 [Peck]) .
Kamloops Michell, John Ralph (Cons.).
Kaslo-Slocan  Fitzsimmons, James (Cons.).
Lillooet Carson, Ernest Crawford (Cons.).
Mackenzie  ...Manson, Michael (Cons.).
Nanaimo Pearson, George Sharratt (Lib.).
Nelson   Borden, Lorris E. (Cons.).
New Westminster   Gray, Arthur Wellesley (Lib.).
North Okanagan  Kennedy, William Farris (Cons.) (resigned, May 1930, to become
head of Liquor Control Board).
Heggie, George (Cons.) (by-election, June 12, 1930 [Kennedy]).
North Vancouver ...Mackenzie, Ian Alistair (Lib.)   (resigned, June 1930, to become
Federal Cabinet Minister).
Loutet,  Jack   (Cons.)   (by-election,  November  5,   1930  [Mackenzie]).
Omineca   Manson, Alexander Malcolm (Lib.).
Prince Rupert  Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Revelstoke  Sutherland, William Henry (Lib.).
Richmond-Point Grey  Howe, Samuel Lyness (Cons.).
Rossland-Trail—  Schofield, James Hargraves (Cons.).
Saanich : Tolmie, Simon Fraser (Cons.).
Salmon Arm   Bruhn, Rolf Wallgren (Cons.).
Similkameen   McKenzie, William Alexander (Cons.).
Skeena   Wrinch, Horace Cooper (Lib.).
South Okanagan   Jones, James William (Cons.).
South Vancouver Cornett, Jonathan Webster (Cons.).
W 67
Electoral District
Vancouver City (6)	
Victoria City (4).
...Shelly, William Curtis (Cons.).
Spencer, Nelson (Cons.).
Maitland, Royal Lethington (Cons.).
Dick, William (Cons.).
Kirk, Thomas Henry (Cons.).
Walkem, George Alexander (Cons.).
...Hayward, Reginald (Cons.).
Hinchliffe, Joshua (Cons.).
Beatty, James Harry (Cons.).
Twigg, Harold Despard (Cons.).
...Gillis, John Joseph (Lib.).
Executive Council, Seventeenth Parliament, August 1928 to November 1933
August 1928 to November 1933 Simon Fraser Tolmie.
Provincial Secretary:
August 1928 to November 1933 ...Samuel Lyness Howe.
August 1928 to November 1933 Robert Henry Pooley, K.C.
August 1928 to October 1930 — Frederick Burden.
October 1930 to May 1933  Nelson Seymour Lougheed.
June 1933 to November 1933 Joshua Hinchliffe.
Public Works:
August 1928 to October 1930 Nelson Seymour Lougheed.
October 1930 to July 1933 Rolf Wallgren Bruhn.
July 1933 to September 1933  Robert Henry Pooley.
September 1933 to November 1933 William Savage (not a member).
August 1928 to October 1930  William Curtis Shelly.
October 1930 to November 1933  James William Jones.
August 1928 to May 1933 William Atkinson.
June 1933 to November 1933— Simon Fraser Tolmie.
August 1928 to June 1933 William Alexander McKenzie.
June 1933 to November 1933.—  Samuel Lyness Howe.
August 1928 to November 1933....    —Joshua Hinchliffe.
August 1928 to November 1933 Simon Fraser Tolmie.
August 1928 to May 1933 ..— William Alexander McKenzie.
May 1933 to November 1933  William Middleton Dennies.
September 1928 to October 1930   William Curtis Shelly.
October 1930 to November 1933 ...James William Jones.
President of the Council:
August 1928 to October 1930-  Rolf Wallgren Bruhn.
October 1930 to May 1933       William Curtis Shelly.
January 22, 1929 to October 1930 James William Jones.
February 11, 1931 to November 1933. Cyril Francis Davie.
47 Members (Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1932, chap. 8, Schedule C).
48 Members as of February 28,  1934 (Constitution Act Amendment Act,
1934, chap. 15, sec. 3), Royal Assent, February 28, 1934.
Election: Nov. 2, 1933.
First Session: February 20 to March 29, 1934.
Second Session: February 12 to March 23, 1935.
Third Session: February 25 to April 1, 1936.
Fourth Session: October 27 to November 20, 1936.
Electoral District Members
Alberni-Nanaimo (new)* Pearson, George Sharratt (Lib.).
Atlin Asselstine, William James (Lib.).
Burnaby Winch, Ernest Edward (C.C.F.).
Cariboo   MacKay, Donald Morrison (Lib.).
Chilliwack Barrow, Edward Dodsley (Lib.).
Columbia-Revelstoke (new)*
(until February 28, 1934)...Sutherland, William Henry (Lib.).
Columbia (new)t (from King, Thomas (Lib.)  (elected by acclamation, by-election March
February 28, 1934) 6,1934).
Comox Hanna, Laurence Arnold (Lib.).
Cowichan-Newcastle.  Savage, Hugh George Egioke (Ind.).
Cranbrook MacPherson, Frank Mitchell (Lib.).
Delta  _.__.Swailes, Robert Blatchford (C.C.F.).
Dewdney  Strachan, David William (Lib.).
Esquimau Pooley, Robert Henry (Cons.).
Fernie   Uphill, Thomas (Lab.).
Fort George   Perry, Harry George Thomas (Lib.).
Grand Forks-Greenwood McPherson, Dougald (Lib.).
The Islands-  McDonald, Alexander (Lib.).
Kamloops Carson, Robert Henry (Lib.).
Kaslo-Slocan  -Leary, Charles Sidney (Lib.).
Lillooet   Murray, George Matheson (Lib.).
Mackenzie  _ Bakewell, Ernest (C.C.F.).
Nelson-Creston (new)* Putnam, Frank (Lib.).
New Westminster  Gray, Arthur Wellesley (Lib.).
North Okanagan   MacDonald, Kenneth Cattanach (Lib.).
North Vancouver   Anderson, Harley Christian Erskine (C.C.F.) (died, April 1934).
Steeves, Dorothy Gretchen (C.C.F.)  (by-election, July 14, 1934
Omineca   Manson,  Alexander  Malcolm   (Lib.)   (resigned,  September   14,
1935; appointed to B.C. Supreme Court).
Connelly,  Mark  Matthew   (Lib.)   (by-election,  June  22,   1936
Peace River (new)  Planta, Clive Montgomery Francis (non-partisan).
Prince Rupert Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Revelstoke (new)* (from
February 28, 1934) —Sutherland, William Henry (Lib.).t
Rossland-Trail   Burns, Richard Ronald (Lib.).
Saanich   Whittaker, Norman William (Lib.).
Salmon Arm   Bruhn, Rolf Wallgren (Cons.).
Similkameen  Tupper, Charles Herbert Percy (Lib.).
Skeena....   ...Kenney, Edward Tourtellotte (Lib.).
South Okanagan.  Harris, Joseph Allen (Lib.).
* Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1932, chap. 8, Schedule C, created Alberni-Nanaimo District (one
member), combining former Alberni and Nanaimo Districts; Columbia-Revelstoke District (one member), combining former Columbia and Revelstoke Districts; and the Nelson-Creston District (one member), combining
former Nelson and Creston Districts.    Membership was reduced to 47.
t Columbia-Revelstoke District was divided into the original two districts of Columbia and Revelstoke, as
at February 28, 1934, date of Royal Assent to Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1934, chap. 15. Section 11 of
Act provides that member for Columbia-Revelstoke shall be member for Revelstoke upon coming into force of
W 69
Vancouver-Bunard (2)± McGeer, Gerald Grattan (Lib.) (resigned, August 7, 1936, to run
in Federal election).
Smith, Helen Douglas (Lib.).
Forester, John Howard (Lib.)   (by-election, September 2,  1936
Vancouver Centre (2) Sloan, Gordon McGregor (Lib.) (resigned, April 5, upon appointment to Court of Appeal).
Wismer, Gordon Sylvester (Lib.).
Vancouver East (2) Winch, Harold Edward (C.C.F.).
Price, John (C.C.F.).
Vancouver-Point Grey (3) Weir, George Moir (Lib.).
McKeen, Stanley Stewart (Lib.).
Wilkinson, Robert (Lib.).
Victoria City (4)  ..Johnson, Byron Ingemar (Lib.).
Hart, John (Lib.).
Anscomb, Herbert (Ind.).
Connell, Robert (C.C.F.).
Yale- -  Gillis, John Joseph (Lib.).
t Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1932, chap. 8, Schedule C, sections 34 to 37, Vancouver City spit into
the following districts: Vancouver-Burrard (two members), Vancouver Centre (two members), Vancouver East
(two members), and Vancouver-Point Grey (three members).
Thomas Dufferin Pattullo.
George Moir Weir.
Executive Council, Eighteenth Parliament, November 1933 to June 1937
November 1933 to 	
Provincial Secretary:
November 1933 to 	
November 1933 to April 1937 Gordon McGregor Sloan, K.C. (resigned, April
5,   1937,  upon  appointment  to  Court of
April 1937 to   ...Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
November 1933 to   Arthur Wellesley Gray.
Public Works:
November 1933 to ■  Frank Mitchell MacPherson.
November 1933 to .._.  John Hart.
November 1933 to ■  Kenneth Cattanach MacDonald.
November 1933 to    George Sharratt Pearson.
November 1933 to ■  George Moir Weir.
November 1933 to   Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
November 1933 to   George Sharratt Pearson.
December 1933 to  John Hart.
Municipal Affairs:
March 1934 to  Arthur Wellesley Gray.
(At 1934 Session the Department of Municipal Affairs was established:
Department of Municipal Affairs Act, Statutes of British Columbia,  1934,
chap. 52.)
President of the Council:
November 1933 to  Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
February 20, 1934, to April 1937  Harry George Thomas Perry.
 W 70
48 Members.
Election: June 1, 1937.
First Session: October 26 to December 10, 1937.
Second Session: October 25 to December 9, 1938.
Third Session: October 31 to November 30, 1939.
Fourth Session: May 8 to May 10, 1940.
Fifth Session: October 29 to December 6, 1940.
Electoral District Members
Alberni-Nanaimo Pearson, George Sharratt (Lib.).
Atlin Asselstine, William James (Lib.).
Burnaby Winch, Ernest Edward (C.C.F.).
Cariboo LeBourdais, Louis (Lib.).
Chilliwack Eyres, Leslie Harvey (Cons.).
Columbia King, Thomas (Lib.).
Comox Cameron, Colin (C.C.F.).
Cowichan-Newcastle Guthrie, Samuel (C.C.F.).
Cranbrook MacPherson, Frank Mitchell (Lib.) (resigned, September 27, 1939,
upon appointment to Board of Transport Commissioners).
McGrath, Arnold Joseph (Lib.)   (by-election, October 26, 1939
Delta Shepherd, Leonard Alec (C.C.F.).
Dewdney Patterson, Frank Porter (Cons.) (died, February 10, 1938).
Strachan,  David  Wiiliam   (Cons.)   (by-election,  May 20,   1938
Esquimau  Finland, Elmer Victor (Cons.).
Fernie Uphill, Thomas (Lab.).
Fort George Perry, Henry George Thomas (Lib.).
Grand Forks-Greenwood Henniger, Ezra Churchill (Lib.).
The Islands Macintosh, MacGregor Fullarton (Cons.).
Kamloops Carson, Robert Henry (Lib.).
Kaslo-Slocan Leary, Charles Sidney (Lib.).
Lillooet Murray, George Matheson (Lib.).
Mackenzie    ..Bryan, John Melvin (Lib.) (died, May 5, 1940).
McGeer, Manfred (Lib.) (by-election, September 21, 1940 [Bryan]).
Nelson-Creston Putnam, Frank (Lib.).
New Westminster Gray, Arthur Wellesley (Lib.).
North Okanagan  MacDonald, Kenneth Cattanach (Lib.).
North Vancouver Steeves, Dorothy Gretchen (C.C.F.).
Omineca Connelly, Mark Matthew (Lib.).
Peace River..  Braden, Glen Everton (Lib.).
Prince Rupert Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Revelstoke Johnston, Harry (Lib.).
Rossland-Trail   Burns, Richard Ronald (Lib.).
Saanich  Whittaker, Norman William (Lib.).
Salmon Arm Bruhn, Rolf Wallgren (Cons.).
Similkameen Tupper, Charles Herbert Percy (Lib.).
Skeena Kenney, Edward Tourtellotte (Lib.).
South Okanagan...  -Bull, Cecil Robert (Lib.).
Vancouver-Burrard (2) Forester, John Howard (Lib.).
Smith, Helen Douglas (Lib.).
Vancouver-Centre (2) Wismer, Gordon Sylvester (Lib.).
Crone, Fred (Lib.) (died, April 3, 1939).
Jamieson, Laura Emma  (C.C.F.)   (by-election, May  1,  1939
Vancouver East (2)  Telford, James Lyle (C.C.F.).
Winch, Harold Edward (C.C.F.).
Vancouver-Point Grey (3).....Maitland, Royal Lethington (Cons.).
Paton, James Alexander (Cons.).
Weir, George Moir (Lib.).
Electoral District Members
Victoria City (4)_...  Hart, John (Lib.).
Anscomb, Herbert (Cons.).
Hunter, Joseph Douglas (Cons.).
Straith, William Thomas (Lib.).
Yale Gillis, John Joseph (Lib.).
W 71
Executive Council, Nineteenth Parliament, June 1937 to November 1941
Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
Provincial Secretary:
 to November 1941  George Moir Weir.
 to July 1937  ..Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
July 1937 to November 1941 Gordon Sylvester Wismer, K.C.
 to  Arthur Wellesley Gray.
Public Works:
 to September 1939   Frank Mitchell MacPherson.
September 1939 to December 1939 Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1939 to November 1941...    Charles Sidney Leary.
• to November 1941  John Hart.
• to November 1941  Kenneth Cattanach MacDonald.
 to December 1937   George Sharratt Pearson.
December 1937 to November 1941 William James Asselstine.
 to November 1941  George Moir Weir.
 to December 1937  Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1937 to December 1939.. George Sharratt Pearson.
December 1939 to November 1941 Charles Sidney Leary.
to November 1941  ....George Sharratt Pearson.
to December 1937 John Hart.
(At 1937 Session the Department of Trade and Industry was established:
Department of Trade and Industry Act, Statutes of British Columbia, 1937,
chap. 73.)
Trade and Industry:
December 1937 to November 1941....   William James Asselstine.
Municipal Affairs:
President of the Council:
 to ...
Arthur Wellesley Gray.
. Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
October 26, 1937, to July 21, 1941        Norman William Whittaker, K.C.
48 Members.
Election: October 21, 1941.
First Session: December 4, 1941, to February 12, 1942.
Second Session: February 2 to March 18, 1943.
Third Session: February 1 to March 15, 1944.
Fourth Session: February 6 to March 28, 1945.
Electoral District Members
Alberni (formerly Alberni-
Nanaimo)*   Mowat, James (Lib.-Coal.).
Atlin Asselstine, William James (Lib.-Coal.).
Burnaby Winch, Ernest Edward (C.C.F.).
Cariboo LeBourdais, Louis (Lib.-Coal.).
Chilliwack Eyres, Leslie Harvey (Cons.-Coal.).
Columbia  King, Thomas (Lib.-Coal.).
Comox Cameron, Colin (C.C.F.).
Cowichan-Newcastle —Guthrie, Samuel (C.C.F.).
Cranbrook Green, Frank William (Cons.-Coal.).
Delta Shepherd, Leonard Alec (C.C.F.).
Dewdney MacDonald, Roderick Charles (Cons.-Coal.).
Esquimau Finland, Elmer Victor (Cons.-Coal.).
Fernie Uphill, Thomas (Lab.).
Fort George   Perry, Harry George Thomas (Lib.-Coal.).
Grand Forks-Greenwood Love, Thomas Alfred (Cons.-Coal.).
Kamloops Carson, Robert Henry (Lib.-Coal.).
Kaslo-Slocan   Leary, Charles Sidney (Lib.-Coal.).
Lillooet  Carson, Ernest Crawford (Cons.-Coal.).
Mackenzie   Gargrave, Herbert (C.C.F.).
Nanaimo and The Islands
(new)t   Pearson, George Sharratt (Lib.-Coal.).
Nelson-Creston   Putnam, Frank (Lib.-Coal.).
New Westminster  Gray, Arthur Wellesley (Lib.-Coal.) (died, May 7, 1944).
Johnson,   Byron   Ingemar   (Coal.)   (by-election,   May   10,   1945
North Okanagan MacDonald, Kenneth Cattanach (Lib.-Coal.).
North Vancouver.....  Steeves, Dorothy Gretchen (C.C.F.).
Oak Bay (new)£_____  Anscomb, Herbert (Cons.-Coal.).
Omineca  ...Connelly, Mark Matthew (Lib.-Coal.).
Peace River Braden, Glen Everton (Lib.-Coal.).
Prince Rupert  ....Pattullo, Thomas Dufferin (Lib.).
Revelstoke Johnston, Harry (Lib.-Coal.) (died, January 20, 1943).
Segur, Vincent (C.C.F.) (by-election, June 14, 1943 [Johnston]).
Rossland-Trail Herridge, Herbert Wilfred (C.C.F.).
Saanich   Whittaker, Norman William (Lib.-Coal.).
Salmon Arm Bruhn, Rolf Wallgren (Cons.-Coal.) (died, August 30, 1942).
Stirling,  George  Faulds   (C.C.F.)   (by-election,  November 25,
1942 [Bruhn]).
Similkameen Webber, Bernard George (C.C.F.).
Skeena Kenney, Edward Tourtellotte (Lib.-Coal.).
South Okanagan Bennett, William Andrew Cecil (Cons.-Coal.).
Vancouver-Burrard (2) MacInnis, Grace Winona (C.C.F.).
MacNeil, Charles Grant (C.C.F.).
Vancouver Centre (2) Jamieson, Laura Emma (C.C.F.).
Lefeaux, Wallis Walter (C.C.F.).
* Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1938, chap. 8, Schedule C, s. 1, established Alberni Electoral District
(one member).
t Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1938, chap. 8, Schedule C, s. 20, established Nanaimo and The Islands
Electoral District (one member).
t Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1938, chap. 8, Schedule C, s. 25, established Oak Bay Electoral District
(one member).
Electoral District Members
Vancouver East (2) Winch, Harold Ernest (C.C.F.).
Turner, Arthur James (C.C.F.).
Vancouver-Point Grey (3) — Maitland, Royal Lethington (Cons.-Coal.).
Paton, James Alexander (Cons.-Coal.).
Rolston, Tilly Jean (Cons.-Coal.).
Victoria City, (3 formerly 4)§ Hart, John (Lib.-Coal.).
Straith, William Thomas (Lib.-Coal.).
Hodges, Nancy (Lib.-Coal.).
Yale.....  Gillis, John Joseph (Lib.-Coal.).
Executive Council, Twentieth Parliament, November 1941 to October 1945
 to December 1941  Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1941 to October 1945 John Hart.
Provincial Secretary:
November 1941 to December 1941  ._ Arthur Wellesley Gray.
December 1941 to October 1945 George Sharratt Pearson.
November 14 to November 19, 1941 Norman William Whittaker, K.C.
November 1941 to December 1941    -Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1941 to October 1945- Royal Lethington Maitland, K.C.
 to May 1944 —.Arthur Wellesley Gray.
May 1944 to November 1944  John Hart.
November 1944 to April 1945 Edward Tourtellolte Kenney.
(At 1945 Session the Department of Lands and Forests was established:
Department of Lands Act Amendment Act, 1945, Statutes of British Columbia, 1945, chap. 45.)
Lands and Forests:
April 1945 to October 1945  Edward Tourtellotte Kenney.
Public Works:
November 1941 to December 1941...   Thomas King.
December 1941 to August 1942....    .   Rolf Wallgren Bruhn.
September 4 to September 15, 1942 .... John Hart.
September 1942 to October 1945 Herbert Anscomb.
November 1941 to December 1941 Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1941 to October 1945     John Hart.
November 1941 to December 1941. Frank Putnam.
December 1941 to October 1945     .... Kenneth Cattanach MacDonald.
November 1941 to December 1941  ... Charles Sidney Leary.
December 1941 to October 1942  Herbert Anscomb.
October 1942 to October 1945 .....  Ernest Crawford Carson.
November 1941 to December 1941    .   Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1941 to October 1945 Henry George Thomas Perry.
November 1941 to December 1941. ...Thomas King.
December 1941 to August 1942 Rolf Wallgren Bruhn.
September 4 to September 15, 1942... John Hart.
September 1942 to October 1945 Herbert Anscomb.
§ Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1938, chap. 8, Schedule C, s. 40, redefined Victoria Electoral District
(three members, previously 4).
November 1941 to December 1941 William James Asselstine.
December 1941 to October 1945— George Sharratt Pearson.
Trade and Industry:
November 1941 to December 1941 Charles Sidney Leary.
December 1941 to October 1942 Herbert Anscomb.
October 1942 to October 1945  Ernest Crawford Carson.
Municipal Affairs:
 to May 1944 Arthur Wellesley Gray.
May 1944 to October 1945-  Herbert Anscomb.
President of the Council:
 to December 1941....  Thomas Dufferin Pattullo, K.C.
December 1941 to October 1945 John Hart.
December 4, 1941, to August 31, 1945 Norman William Whittaker, K.C.
W 75
Reports to Be Tabled by the Department of the Provincial Secretary at the Fifth
Session of the Thirtieth Legislative Assembly, Spring 1975
Year Ended
Capital Improvement District Commission,
Statement of Receipts and Disbursements   March 31, 1974
College Pension       August 31, 1974
Department of the Provincial Secretary— -      December 31, 1974
Library Development Commission   March 31, 1974
Members of the Legislative Assembly Superannuation   March 31, 1974
Municipal Superannuation        December 31, 1973
Public Service Commission   December 31, 1974
Public Service Group Insurance       June 30, 1974
Public Service Superannuation   March 31, 1974
Teachers' Pensions       December 31, 1973
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.


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