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Annual Report Department of the Provincial Secretary JANUARY 1 TO DECEMBER 31 1973 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1974

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Annual Report
Department of the
Provincial Secretary
JANUARY 1 TO DECEMBER 31
1973
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1974
  The Honourable Ernest Hall, Provincial Secretary.
 Victoria, B.C., February 16, 1974.
To His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
I have the honour, sir, to submit herewith the report of the Department of the
Provincial Secretary for the 1973 calendar year.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your most obedient servant,
ERNEST HALL
Provincial Secretary
 Victoria, B.C., February 16, 1974.
The Honourable Ernest Hall,
Provincial Secretary.
Sir:  I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the Department of the
Provincial Secretary for the year ended December 31, 1973.
L. J. WALLACE
Deputy Provincial Secretary
  TABLE OF CONTENTS
Statutes Administered by the Department	
Introduction... 	
Page
.    9
. 11
General Administration.
    11
Orders in Council  11
The Great Seal  12
Appeals          12
Petitions of Right  12
Metric Conversion   12
Elderly Citizens' Housing  13
Special Care Homes  14
Elderly Citizens' Recreation Centres  14
Scholarships   15
Miscellaneous Grants  15
Capital Improvement District Commission    16
Historic Sites Advisory Board    17
Barkerville Historic Park    17
Fort Steele Historic Park  18
Fort St. James  18
Emily Carr House     19
Craigflower School  19
British Columbia Forest Museum  20
Official Visits and Functions .    21
Voyageur Canoes  22
Personnel  22
Government House.
23
Provincial Elections    24
The Queen's Printer      25
Provincial Archives      26
Northwest Library  28
Manuscript Division  28
Map Division  29
Visual Records Division    29
Provincial Library  29
Renovation  29
Staff  30
Equipment  31
Newspaper Index    31
Microphotographic Acquisitions  31
Index to the Journals    32
Reference Service  3 2
Postal Branch.
32
 Page
Central Microfilm Bureau    33
Civil Defence  35
Emergency Tasks  35
Training  35
Municipal Training  36
Fire-fighter Training   37
Communications   37
Marine Rescue Service  37
Emergency Air Service      3 8
Emergency Welfare Services  38
Emergency Health  39
Auxiliary Police Programme   40
Public Information  _   40
Archaeological Sites Advisory Board  41
British Columbia House, London    45
Appendices    47
A. Members of the Legislative Assembly and Executive Council, 1872—
1906  47
B. Reports to be tabled by the Department    68
 STATUTES ADMINISTERED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY THE
DEPARTMENT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
Archaeological and Historic Sites Protection Act.
British Columbia Centennial '71 Celebration Act.
British Columbia Cultural Fund Act.
Capital Improvement District Act.
Civil Defence Act.
Civil Service Act.
Civil Service Superannuation Act (to March 31, 1973).
College Pension Act.
Constitution Act.
Crown Procedure Act.
Departmental Inquiries Act.
Dogwood, Rhododendron, and Trillium Protection Act.
Elderly Citizens' Housing Aid Act (to December 31, 1973).
Floral Emblem Act.
Indian Advisory Act.
Legislative Library Act.
Liquor-control Plebiscites Act.
Medical Grant Act (to May 9, 1973).
Members of the Legislative Assembly Superannuation Act.
Municipal Superannuation Act.
Provincial Coat of Arms Act.
Provincial Elections Act.
Provincial Secretary Act.
Public Documents Disposal Act.
Public Inquiries Act.
Public Libraries Act.
Public Printing Act.
Public Services Group Insurance Act.
Public Services Medical Plan Act.
Public Service Superannuation Act (from April 1, 1973).
Queen Elizabeth II British Columbia Centennial Scholarship Act.
Special Assistance in the Cost of Education Act.
Teachers' Pensions Act.
  Annual Report of the
Department of the Provincial Secretary
INTRODUCTION
It has been a year of innovation and expansion; of improvement and further
planning for the future.
The innovation with the most far-reaching effects will likely prove to be the
Public Service Labour Relations Act passed at the Third Session of the Thirtieth
Legislative Assembly, and given Royal Assent on November 7, 1973. The new
Public Service Act, replacing the Civil Service Act, was assented to on the same day.
Both these Acts will be covered more fully in the Report of the Civil Service Commission for 1973.
There were several major changes in functions under the responsibility of the
Provincial Secretary. The operation of British Columbia House in London was
transferred from the Department of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce, effective April 1. Also on April 1, the new Public Service Superannuation
Act replaced the Civil Service Superannuation Act. The Department of Health
assumed responsibility for the Medical Grant Act on May 9.
Order in Council 4210, passed on December 13, approved the change in name
of the Provincial Civil Defence Branch to the Provincial Emergency Programme,
effective January 1, 1974.
On December 31, responsibility for the Elderly Citizens' Housing Aid Act
ceases to be a function of the Department, and as of the first day of 1974 transfers
to the new Department of Housing.
As required by statute, a number of branches within the Department of the
Provincial Secretary will be presenting individual reports and so will not be mentioned in this one. They include the Civil Service Commission, Indian Advisory
Committee, Library Development Commission, and the Superannuation Branc/h.
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
Orders in Council
In order to take advantage of modern reproduction methods, the processing of
Orders in Council was completely restructured. With the installation of Xerox
equipment, it became possible to eliminate the use of "Ditto" masters and to give
control of the distribution of copies to the originator. Where previously the Deputy
Provincial Secretary was responsible for the reproduction and distribution of all
copies, now his responsibility lies in the provision of certified copies only.
In conjunction with the Department of the Attorney-General, a new and simplified Order in Council format has been developed which, with the use of numbering
and dating machines, has completely eliminated the repetitious and nonproductive
task of filling in names and dates on each individual Order and Ditto master.    In
11
 V 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
addition, a certified copy is now a certified facsimile of the original Order in Council
bearing reproduction of the signatures of the approving functionaries, rather than
a certified Ditto copy with typed signatures. The latter form had been under criticism in legal circles.
With the coming into force on September 1 of the Regulations Act, the function
of Registrar of Regulations moved in name, as it had been for some years in fact,
from the Department of the Provincial Secretary to that of the Attorney-General.
There was a small drop in Order in Council volume, the total processed in 1973
being 4,367, as against 4,499 in 1972 and 4,808 in 1971.
Planning has been completed for the implementation of a new Order in Council
information service to commence following the first Cabinet meeting of 1974. Under
this programme, a resume of all approved Orders in Council will be prepared and
sent after each meeting of the Executive Council to all M.L.A.s, all departments of
Government, the news media, and all organizations and individuals who request the
service. A system has been set up whereby an interested party may contact the
department originating any particular Order in Council for full information or background.
The Great Seal
The Great Seal of the Province was used on 919 occasions during 1973, compared with 958 times in the previous year. It was again used most frequently on
Crown grants under the Land Act (596 times). The Seal was also used 105 times
on Proclamations, 102 times on Letters Patent, 47 times under the Provincial Court
Act, and in connection with the appointment of six Ministers of the Crown.
Appeals
Twelve appeals were received under the Public Utilities Act, the Motor Carrier
Act, the Pollution Control Act, and the Civil Service Act. In addition, eight appeals
relating to expropriation valuations were processed for hearing by a Judge of the
County Court, under the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Act.
Petitions of Right
During the year, nine petitions of right were initiated under the Crown Procedure Act.
It is likely that major changes forecast for this Act will significantly change the
situation in the coming year.
Metric Conversion
Under the chairmanship of W. J. Williams, the Metric Conversion Co-ordinating Committee for Government Departments and Crown Agencies, composed of
representatives from all departments of the Provincial Government, has been meeting to investigate, plan, schedule, and implement Government conversion to the
metric system of weights and measures.
The Executive Council has approved a conversion time-table which will see
planning and scheduling for individual departments substantially completed during
1976. Implementation has already started in some departments and will build to
reach a peak in 1977/78, and be largely completed by 1980.
The Provincial Government Committee is working closely with the Canada
Metric Commission and private industry in preparing for conversion.
Early in 1974 an Executive Director will be employed to oversee the conversion.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 13
Elderly Citizens' Housing
Between April 1955 and the end of 1973 the Department performed a "nurturing service" for the Elderly Citizens' Housing Programme. During this period,
185 projects were established throughout the Province, the majority of which are
operational, providing accommodation for more than 13,000 elderly citizens.
Under the programme, municipalities and nonprofit societies are eligible for
an outright grant of one-third of the total construction costs of self-contained units
and 35 per cent of the cost of boarding-homes, built to house elderly citizens of low
income. In 1973 the maximum income level for residents was set at $240 per
month per person.
Funds allocated for this programme have grown year by year from $200,000
in 1955 to $4,500,000 in the 1973/74 fiscal year. During the year under review,
grants were authorized for the following projects which, when completed, will represent an expenditure by Government of over $6,256,000, adding accommodation
for 1,840 people; some of the projects listed represent additions to existing homes:
Authorized
Organization Location Grant
$
B.C. Baptist Foundation Vancouver  238,333
B.C. Housing Foundation Vancouver  168,184
Creston Valley Senior Citizens' Housing Society Creston  18,322
Danish Old People's Home Society North Burnaby  1,440
Dr.   F.  W.   Green  Memorial  Home
Society Cranbrook  80,150
The Fair Haven United Church Homes
for Senior Citizens Burnaby  4,854
Gorge View Society Victoria  32,843
John Perkins Society Campbell River  91,000
Kamloops Senior Citizens' Housing Society Kamloops  8,666
Kiwanis Senior Citizens' Homes Ltd North Vancouver  1,182,674
Kiwanis Village Society Victoria  104,833
Kiwanis Village Society of Vernon Vernon  82,000
Langley Lions Senior Citizens' Housing
Society Langley  972,480
Mennonite Senior Citizens' Society New Westminster  712,600
Mission  &   District   Senior   Citizens'
Housing Society Mission  40,000
Nelson Jubilee Manor Society Nelson  153,460
New Chelsea Society Vancouver  436,781
North Park Manor Society Victoria   660,587
Norwegian Old People's Home Association Burnaby  667
Oak Bay Kiwanis Housing Society Victoria  5,000
Oliver Kiwanis Senior Citizens' Housing Society Oliver  57,223
 V 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Authorized
Organization Location Grant
$
Rebekah Housing Society Nanaimo   46,418
Rotary Harbour Society Dawson Creek   1,245
Spallumcheen Housing Society Armstrong  5,757
Tabor Home Society Clearbrook  32,866
The Pendrellis Society Vancouver  363,078
Vernon   Ukrainian   Senior   Citizens'
Housing Society Vernon  327,800
West Vancouver Senior Citizens' Housing Society Vancouver  426,810
It has been decided that the nurturing period has now been successfully completed, and from January 1, 1974, authority for the administration of the Elderly
Citizens' Housing Aid Act will be transferred to the newly established Department
of Housing.
Special Care Homes
A separate phase of the Elderly Citizens' Housing programme is the special
care provision whereby grants in the amount of 35 per cent are provided toward
the cost of construction of special care homes, available to all citizens irrespective
of age or income who require boarding facilities and some degree of medical and
(or) nursing supervision, though not to the degree required in a nursing-home.
During the year, grants were authorized for the following projects:
Authorized
Organization Location Grant
$
Danish Old People's Home Society Burnaby  393,750
Finnish Canadian Rest Home Association Burnaby  483,175
German-Canadian Benevolent Society.... Vancouver  259,952
Kimberley Special Care Home Society.... Kimberley  210,644
Mennonite Benevolent Society Abbotsford   324,380
Penticton & District Retirement Service.. Penticton  435,750
Salvation Army Home for Senior Citizens Vancouver  498,519
The New Vista Society Burnaby .  1,180,000
To date, 11 societies have built or are in the process of developing facilities
under this programme, which will house 1,261 people. Further firm proposals
have been received from 16 organizations and many more general inquiries have
been received indicating future expansion in this field.
Elderly Citizens' Recreation Centres
Established in 1963, the Elderly Citizens' Recreation Centres programme
provides for a one-third outright grant-in-aid of construction costs of recreation
centres destined for the exclusive use of elderly citizens or parts of general recreation centres reserved exclusively for the use of elderly citizens.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 15
During 1973, grants were authorized for the following projects:
Organization Location
Abbotsford Old Age Pensioners' Organization Abbotsford	
City of Kelowna.  Kelowna	
District of Terrace Recreation Centre Terrace	
Penticton & District Retirement Service.. Penticton	
Senior Citizens' Association of B.C Kelowna	
Vernon Senior Citizens' Society Vernon..Vernon	
Whalley  &  District  Senior  Citizens'
Drop-In Centre Surrey	
Authorized
Grant
$
  30,507
  62,354
  7,560
  128,900
  10,000
  27,000
   50,000
These new projects increase the total number of recreation centres either in
operation or nearing completion throughout the Province to 48, and a further eight
inquiries from interested sponsors are presently under review.
Scholarships
The 1973 Queen Elizabeth II Scholarship,
valued at $5,000, was awarded to Anthony
Knox, of Victoria. Mr. Knox obtained his
bachelor of arts degree at the University of
Victoria, and is presently reading Law at Cambridge University.
Awarded annually since 1971, the scholarship is open to graduate students who have spent
at least the final three years of study at one of
the three public universities in the Province and
who want to take further studies in the United
Kingdom.
Because of Government action at the 1973
Fall Session of the Legislative Assembly, the
scholarship in future will be raised to $7,000,
with a provision that should the student go on
to a third year of postgraduate training an additional $3,500 might be made available./ The
net result of this change in the Act is that
the scholarship now has a potential value of
$10,500.
There were 141 applications for the 10
Nancy Greene Scholarships planned for 1973.
The extremely high calibre of the applicants resulted in a change in the awards.
There were six full scholarships of $750 awarded, and 12 half-scholarships of $375
to a total of 18 students who had demonstrated outstanding citizenship qualities,
scholastic achievement, and athletic ability.
In 1974 it is planned to award 20 scholarships of $750.
Anthony Knox, recipient of the
1973 Queen Elizabeth II Scholarship.
Miscellaneous Grants
During the year, approximately 100 organizations received, or are receiving,
grants voted for the 1973/74 fiscal year, to a total of $2,425,000.
 V 16 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Capital Improvement District Commission
Supported by Provincial funds, the Commission is composed of 11 members
representing municipal, civic, and Provincial bodies. Through co-operative action,
it plans and carries out projects aimed at enhancing the attractiveness of the capital
area.
Members of the Commission during 1973 were:
J. E. Brown, Chairman.
T. L. Sturgess, Deputy Chairman.
Dr. R. M. Grant, Government Appointee.
C. C. Wyatt, Government Appointee.
G. Giles, Government Representative.
L. J. Wallace, Government Representative.
Alderman K. A. S. Hill, Esquimalt.
Her Worship F. H. Elford, Oak Bay.
His Worship H. A. Curtis, Saanich.
His Worship G. P. A. Pollen, Victoria.
Alderman M. D. W. Young, Victoria.
G. Geddes, Secretary.
R. B. Ralfs, Accountant.
The Commission held five meetings during the year to discuss various proposals presented by municipal representatives. As a result of recommendations to
the Government by the Commission, authorization to incur the following expenditures were approved through Order in Council:
The Causeway, Victoria—Construction of a lower Inner Harbour promenade
above high-water level, Government Street, $200,000. (These funds are in addition
to the $280,000 approved for this project in 1972.)
Fleming Beach, Esquimalt—Construction of an elevated walkway above high-
tide mark and installation of marine floats, $30,000.
Gorge Waterway, Saanich—Cost of design and investigation of improvements
to the Bath House Cove area, $20,000.
A comprehensive development plan for the Songhees Reserve area of the Victoria Inner Harbour is presently being formulated jointly by the Commission and
the City of Victoria. A proposal to beautify the existing shoreline, through a programme of planting and construction of walkways and lighting, would be included
in the plan, as would a long-range recommendation that existing industry in the
area be relocated to a more suitable site. During the year the Commission made a
strong recommendation to the Government that existing industrial leases not be
renewed in that area.
Property at Langford Lake was acquired by the Commission as a part of their
Greenfields project toward beautification of the approach to the Capital City.
Twenty-three areas of land have been acquired in the district and are to be retained
in their natural state.
To date, 48 projects have been approved by the Government since the formation of the Commission in 1956 and authorized expenditures on projects completed
or presently under way total in excess of $3,123,000.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 17
Construction well under way on the promenade below the Causeway in Victoria's
Inner Harbour. The concrete promenade is supported by concrete-coated wooden piles.
Note the cleaned portion of the Causeway wall to the left.
Historic Sites Advisory Board
The direct involvement of the General Administration Branch in the activities
of the Historic Sites Advisory Board continued through 1973. Approval has been
received to employ a Research Officer and a stenographer to work directly with the
Board. The positions are expected to be filled early in 1974.
Barkerville Historic Park
Lieutenant-Governor the Honourable Walter S. Owen officially opened Barkerville Historic Park for its 15th season on Tuesday, June 26, in a ceremony which
was followed by the premier performance of the new presentation of "Gold Rush
Gaieties" at the Theatre Royal. Considered the longest running variety show in
Canada, the troupe commenced their 12th season of crowd-pleasing performances.
The theatre was full for virtually all scheduled performances, resulting in the
presentation of a number of additional shows.
The restoration of the famous Cariboo gold rush town is continuing under the
direction of the British Columbia Historic Sites Advisory Board and new attractions
this year were the exhibits in Dr. Callanan's house and the anteroom of the Masonic
Lodge.  The new souvenir-refreshment pavilion was completed during the summer
 V 18 BRITISH COLUMBIA
and work continues on plans for a Chop Suey House in the "Chinatown" section of
Barkerville.
Over 200,000 visitors enjoyed the many attractions at the park, including the
stagecoach ride, gold panning, St. Saviour's Church, the Wake-Up Jake Coffee
House, and Kelly's Saloon.
Improved access due to the paving of the Quesnel-Barkerville Highway and
the completion of enlarged camping facilities were in part responsible for the record-
breaking number of visitors to the park this year.
Cottonwood House, located east of Quesnel and one of the few remaining
Cariboo road houses, continues to attract visitors interested in viewing the collection
of early farm implements and the house itself, which has been restored to present a
picture of an occupied establishment with a setting and activities reminiscent of more
than a century ago.
Fort Steele Historic Park
Fort Steele Historic Park, located in British Columbia's East Kootenay district,
was officially opened for the 1973 season on Wednesday, June 20, by the Minister
of Mines and Petroleum Resources, the Honourable Leo T. Nimsick.
The park, about 10 miles east of Cranbrook at the junction of Wild Horse
Creek and the Kootenay River, has been under development since 1961 and was
officially opened to the public in 1967. Located on the site of the first Northwest
Mounted Police post in British Columbia, the 142-acre park is being restored under
the direction of the British Columbia Historic Sites Advisory Board as a typical
Kootenay town at the turn of the century.
In recognition of its historic background and the 100th anniversary of the
founding of what is today the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Northwest
Mounted Police compound in the park has been restored to its original condition.
Eight of the nine buildings in the compound were completed this year, either as
working exhibits or storage areas. Stables in the compound were used to house the
pedigree Clydesdale horses, a star attraction at the park. The latest addition to the
famous team of Clydesdales is Stella, born in the park on April 20. Two more colts
are expected in the spring.
The Wild Horse Theatre, built to conform to the turn-of-the-century style of
the park, was open throughout the summer, providing the second season of top
entertainment typical of the past. The 1973 production of "The Fisherville Fling"
was enjoyed by close to 20,000 persons during the 125 performances given by The
Wild Horse Players.
The "Dunrobin" and "Shay" train rides were again popular features in the
park with close to 30,000 persons riding the scenic rail route located in the northeast
section of the park. The stagecoach ride and the museum tours also continued to
attract tourists, with 108,000 people viewing the various displays housed in the
Museum building. During the summer, 62 school tours visited the park and it is
proposed to recruit an Education Officer next year to co-ordinate a youth education
programme. Work continued during the year on the preparation of a handbook
which would provide background information on the park and interpret the history
of the Kootenays to the visitor.
Fort St. James
The development of the historic site continues. The Provincial Government is
still involved in negotiations for the remaining parcel of land it has agreed to acquire.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 19
A committee of Federal and Provincial Government representatives is responsible for the development of the park. A Superintendent has been appointed.
The site was open to the public until Labour Day. It is expected that it will be
open until the Thanksgiving Day week-end in 1974.
Emily Carr House
In August of 1973, agreement was reached among the Provincial Government,
the Victoria Junior Chamber of Commerce, and the Federal Government for the
transfer of Emily Carr House from the Chamber to the Provincial Government.
Administration of the house will be through the Historic Sites Advisory Board, and
responsibility will include maintenance of the house as a historic site.
Reroofing the Emily Carr House during the course of renovations.
Constructed of California redwood more than a century ago, the building was
the original home of Richard Carr, and the birthplace of his daughter Emily, one
of the Province's most outstanding artists.
Craigflower School
The Native Sons and Daughters of British Columbia formally transferred title
of the Craigflower Schoolhouse to the Provincial Government on December 10,
1973. The Government has therefore assumed the ongoing responsibility for the
maintenance and preservation of the building as a historic site and museum.
Situated 3 miles from downtown Victoria on the banks of the Gorge waterway,
the schoolhouse is the oldest school still standing in Western Canada, having opened
for classes on March 5, 1855.
 V 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Craigflower Schoolhouse, completed in 1855, part of a farming community established
by the Hudson's Bay Company a few miles from Fort Victoria.
Once the centre of educational, social, and religious life of the early settlers in
the area, the building now houses a museum containing many relics, historic objects,
and records of past days.
Administration of the building will be co-ordinated by the Historic Sites Advisory Board. The school will become part of the Craigflower Manor complex.
During 1973, historic site designation was accorded Alexandra House in the
Fraser Canyon, and the House of All Sorts in Victoria.
The Historic Sites Advisory Board has many other projects under consideration.
British Columbia Forest Museum
On November 29, the Provincial Government formally acquired the Cowichan
Valley Forest Museum. The museum has been renamed the British Columbia Forest
Museum, and it will be administered by the British Columbia Forest Museum
Society, under the Historic Sites Advisory Board.
The museum was established in 1954 by G. E. Wellburn as a personal project.
As it grew, it became a community venture in 1964 when Duncan, Lake Cowichan,
and the District of North Cowichan decided to assist in its development and the
Cowichan Valley Forest Museum Society was formed.
Located on the Trans-Canada Highway near Duncan, the museum covers some
40 acres. It was visited by some 50,000 people during the past year, many of them
school-children on organized tours.
Mr. Wellburn says he is delighted that the Government has taken over as it
will ensure the continued, orderly development of the museum.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 21
A 1921, 24-ton Shay locomotive, one of the collection of working exhibits at the
British Columbia Forest Museum.   The Museum has VA miles of track.
Official Visits and Functions
The Department, being responsible for matters of protocol in connection with
Government activities, is involved in arranging major conferences, official visits, and
entertainments.
Many distinguished persons visited British Columbia in 1973. Chronologically, the visits were as follows:
June 17-19—Visit of the Premiers of the Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan,
and Manitoba, together with their staffs and wives. The purpose of this visit was
for the four Western Premiers to reach a common Western Provinces' position for a
later meeting between the Federal Government and the Provinces.
June 23, 24—Visit of Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, to Vancouver and Victoria.
August 9-14—Visit of the Right Honourable the Lord Mais, Lord Mayor of
London, and the Lady Mais, to the Lower Mainland and southern Vancouver Island.
October 18, 19—Visit of the Honourable Daniel J. Evans, Governor of the
State of Washington, and Mrs. Evans, and members of Governor Evans' Cabinet
and their wives to Victoria.
October 26—Visit of a group of Washington State Senators and their wives to
Victoria.
October 30—Visit of Dr. Linus Pauling, a Nobel Prize winner, and Mrs.
Pauling, to Victoria.
 V 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, meets Premier and Mrs. David Barrett
during her visit to British Columbia.
The Provincial Government sponsored 140 social functions during 1973, the
majority of them being luncheons or dinners recognizing national or international
associations.
Voyageur Canoes
The Department is responsible for 12 six-man, 26-foot-long voyageur canoes
owned by the Provincial Government, a legacy of past Centennial celebrations.
The fibreglass canoes are on loan to various canoe clubs on a long-term basis,
but subject to recall if required for any special event. This ensures that they are put
to the best possible use, and that they are well maintained at all times.
During 1973 the voyageur canoes were used for several special events. They
were used in the Kinsmen Gorge Races near Victoria on May 24. There were seven
teams using the canoes in the Dogwood Days Double 20 Canoe Race over a 40-mile
route in the Strait of Georgia between Ladysmith and Nanaimo on July 1.
The Yukon Territory, celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Klondike Gold
Rush, and the achievement of territorial status, borrowed five of the canoes for a
17-day-long pageant from Skagway, Alaska, to Dawson City.
On August 4, six of the canoes were used in a Canoe Marathon, a feature event
of the All Native B.C. Olympiad and Festival.
Personnel
With the exception of the Civil Service Commission, the Public Service Superannuation Branch, and the Queen's Printer, all matters relating to departmental
personnel administration are channelled through the General Administration Branch.
The number of staff dropped by some 140 in April when the Medical Services
Commission was transferred to the Department of Health. The Department, at the
end of the year, with the exception of the branches noted above, consisted of some
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 23
238 permanent and 79 temporary employees. The number of temporary employees
is virtually doubled during the summer months.
The Department increased by about 30 permanent positions during the year as
staff were added to cope with the continual increase in activities.
There were seven employees who reached the compulsory retirement age of 65
in 1973.  They were:
Mrs. S. T. McClelland, Civil Defence.
A. E. Hall, Provincial Library.
J. H. Erb, Civil Defence.
J. D. Sommerville, Civil Defence.
R. L. Barnes, Provincial Elections.
K. R. H. Roberts, Civil Defence.
W. A. Ridgway, Civil Defence.
The Department was saddened by the death in service of three valued employees :
D. A. Godson, Librarian, Provincial Archives.
L. D. Hornsby, Chief Postal Clerk.
T. D. Macaulay, Victoria Zone Co-ordinator, Civil Defence.
GOVERNMENT HOUSE
One of the most important events at Government House in 1973 was the retirement on
March 19 of His Honour, Lieutenant-Governor
John R. Nicholson, and the swearing-in of his
successor on the same date, the Honourable
Walter S. Owen.
Close to 10,000 people were entertained
through the year at receptions, luncheons, and
dinners, including Canada's High Commissioner
to Britain, the High Commissioners to Canada
from Britain and Fiji, and the Ambassadors of
France, Russia, Pakistan, Japan, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, the Phillipines, Poland, and
Indonesia.
In addition, a number of distinguished visitors stayed at Government House. They included Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of
India; The Right Honourable The Lord Mais,
Lord Mayor of London, and the Lady Mais;
Governor General and Mrs. Michener; and
Governor and Mrs. Daniel J. Evans of Washington State.
There were a number of investitures and presentations, including for the first
time at Government House the awards for 25 and 40 years' service by public servants
of the Province.
A recognition reception was held for foster parents, and 450 blind citizens of
Greater Victoria were entertained at a Garden Party.
The Honourable John R. Nicholson.
 V 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Lieutenant-Governor Walter S. Owen reviews the Guard of Honour of cadets from
Royal Roads Military College before opening the Third Session of the Thirtieth Legislative
Assembly on September 13, 1973.
PROVINCIAL ELECTIONS
The activities of the Registrars of Voters throughout the Province were concentrated on updating the Provincial list of voters and revising polling-divisions
within their electoral districts.
A by-election, called on July 31 for September 7, was held in the South Okanagan Electoral District. Prior to the calling of the by-election, the Registrar of
Voters conducted a voter enumeration and established registration centres during
the election period.
Liquor plebiscites were held in the District of Saanich and the Township of
Chilliwhack.
The Registrar of Voters Office in Vancouver, in addition to revising the list of
voters for its 12 electoral districts, assisted the Library Development Commission by
producing its general mailing-list, newsletter list, and interlibrary loan list.
At the request of the Queen's Printer, the Vancouver office producd addresso-
graph plates for the Department of Agriculture and the Wildlife Review, making
more economical use of the facilities.
The office also reproduced reading material, on request of the Chief Justice of
the Provincial Court, for use at a judicial seminar.
In an effort to retain historical data relating to Provincial elections, a programme was initiated to have recorded on microfilm all Provincial electoral district
maps and all Provincial redistribution maps. Unfortunately, the electoral district
maps only date back to 1952; however, the Provincial redistribution maps date back
to 1894.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 25
A catalogue has been produced in conjunction with the microfilm programme
to provide an index of all maps on record so that a print of any map is readily available on request.
It is hoped that in the coming year arrangements can be made to have the
Statements of Votes of past elections also recorded on microfilm.
The Statement of Votes of the 1972 Provincial General Election was published
this year and for the first time individual constituency maps were included with the
poll-by-poll results.
During the past year the Branch was approached by and held meetings with the
Chairman and members of the Record Identification Study Group of the British
Columbia Hospital Insurance Service to determine the feasibility of co-ordinating
a Provincial electoral enumeration with an updating of the Hospital Insurance Service. The Branch is, at this time, awaiting the conclusions of the Study Group.
In October the Chief Electoral Officer and two members of the Department
travelled to Quebec City, to observe the Quebec Provincial Election and electoral
processes, as that Province has recently instituted a permanent list of voters electoral
system. Discussions were also held with the Chief Electoral Officer of Ontario and
members of his staff. At the same time, meetings were held with provincial authorities from the Ontario Ministry of Revenue charged with the responsibility of conducting all municipal enumerations.
Branch representatives have been invited to Fredericton, N.B., in 1974 to sit
before that province's Select Committee on Electoral Reform to detail the electoral
system of British Columbia.
During the year, inquiries were received from six provinces, the Federal Government, and university professors and students from across Canada and the United
States seeking statistical data and other information on various aspects of the electoral procedures in this Province.
All Registrar of Voters Offices will be supplied with the new postal codes for
all areas within their jurisdiction and will have the task of correlating a postal code
with every registered voter's address.
THE QUEEN'S PRINTER
The Queen's Printer, during the past 12 months, has experienced a sudden
growth in both the stationery and printing departments. Business during this period
has increased 20 per cent.
The rapid rise in Government requisitions and orders has created numerous
backlogs and delays in the Department. To meet the demand, 12 employees have
been added to the payroll and several pieces of new equipment have been purchased.
In addition to the increased volume, the Queen's Printer has been caught in a
nation-wide paper shortage. This has meant delays in production and increases in
printing costs. Effects of the paper shortage have been felt throughout the printing
industry. A recent announcement by the manufacturers of business forms and the
paper-mills that unprofitable production will be discontinued and delivery dates
extended was not expected in Canada until 1974. Because of the stock situation
and the unreliability of shipping schedules, the Queen's Printer has had difficulty in
fulfilling its expectations.
Next year the emphasis of the Branch will be to minimize supply problems.
The Queen's Printer will continue to meet its commitments and, where possible,
improve the service to Governmental departments.
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Setting type in the Composing Room of the Queen's Printer.
Offset stripper and plate maker John Turner positions negatives in page form
to make offset plate.
PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES
The Provincial Archives experienced a busy year in 1973. The collections
grew appreciably; the processing of the accumulated backlog of records went on
apace; and the service to the general public, by mail and on site, increased.   Par-
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 27
ticular reference should be made to the increased use of facilities by the Indian
peoples of the Province, for whom several special orientation sessions were
arranged.
It has been a year of change in so far as personnel are concerned. The head
of the Map Division, Mrs. S. Varney, resigned to take a position with the Vancouver
Island Regional Library, and was succeeded by Mrs. W. Teece. The sudden death
in May of Denis Godson, head of the Cataloguing Division, was a great shock to
all members of the staff, for he was a genial colleague and his professional services
will be difficult to replace. Three persons joined the staff in professional capacities
—T. Eastwood, Brian Young, and J. W. Mossop, the latter to fill the long vacant
position as Display Director. At the end of the year, Dr. W. E. Ireland announced
his retirement, to take effect at the end of the fiscal year.
In July a team of experts from the Canadian Conservation Institute conducted
a survey of resources within the institution, particularly to advise on condition and
assess those items which need immediate restoration, and for which the institute
might be able shortly to provide the service.
For some time serious consideration has been given to the role of the Provincial
Archives in the field of oral (aural) history. In this Province, the most active programme has been directed by W. J. Langlois, of Reynoldston Research and Studies,
with headquarters at the University of British Columbia, and funded mainly by LIP
grants. Following a conference of interested persons, the Aural History Institute of
British Columbia came into being. When LIP grants were suddenly terminated in
the early fall, the Provincial Government provided interim funding until the end of
The Reference Room at the Provincial Archives.
 V 28
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Foyer of the Provincial Archives, with the Exhibition Room in the background, and the
Reference Room doors on the right.
the fiscal year on the understanding that the Provincial Archives would then establish
a new division to assume responsibility in this field. This division will provide a
minimal headquarters staff and facilities for the storage and servicing of tapes.
Upon request, it will provide advice and supervision of oral history projects of
private industry and other agencies which will be financially self-sustaining.
Northwest Library
There has been an appreciable increase in the volume of local history publications in British Columbia and every effort is made to ensure that all such publications are included in the collection. During the summer, some real progress
was made in the arranging and cataloguing of the "programme" collection, thanks
to the services of H. Wetselaar, a student in the Library School at the University of
British Columbia.
Manuscript Division
Good progress has been made in the sorting, arranging, and cataloguing of
large blocks of records which have long been in storage. Finding aids and preliminary inventories are also being expanded and a considerable volume of entries
have been forwarded to the Public Archives of Canada for inclusion in their revised
Check-list of Manuscript Holdings. The collections continue to expand by transfer
from Government departments, this year in particular with assessment records.
While some material becomes available only by purchase, sincere appreciation is
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 29
extended to the hundreds of persons who have so generously donated material and
thus enriched resources.
Map Division
This collection is growing rapidly. A special effort was made to secure maps
of the municipalities and regional districts, and new arrangements were made with
the Canadian Hydrographic Service for the deposit of its maps with the Archives.
Visual Records Division
During the year a great number of photographs were added to the holdings
which enrich and extend the coverage of the history of the Province in a pictorial
sense. Good progress has been made in the reorganization of the negative files. The
demands by the public and others on the files are increasing, and every effort is
being made to keep reproduction services updated in terms of equipment and supplies. During the year a revised scale of charges for prints was put into effect, the
first in over 20 years.
With the appointment of a Display Director, some progress is now being made
in the arrangement and cataloguing of the painting collection, which is remarkably
fine. It is now possible to meet requests for the loan of materials to other galleries
and to begin displays within the Archives' gallery. Particularly, thanks are due to
the British Columbia Cultural Fund for its assistance in adding a number of canvases to the Emily Carr collection, and more particularly one of her sketch books.
The two historic museums, Helmcken House and Craigflower Manor, remain
the responsibility of the Provincial Archivist. Both attracted many visitors through
1973, including a number of tours of school students. Helmcken House was toured
by 17,351 people during the year, compared with just over 13,000 in 1972. Attendance at Craigflower Manor was down from 7,589 to 6,365, the reduction largely
due to staff illness which forced closure of the museum for a period in the summer.
PROVINCIAL LIBRARY
Renovation
An enlargement of the Library's book-stack area was begun in mid-summer as
a part of the major renovations under way or planned for the Provincial Library,
carried out in conjunction with renovations to the Parliament Buildings as a whole.
The work on the stack area is proceeding close to schedule and should be completed
early in the new year, at which time the whole of the Library's book, magazine, document, and newspaper collection will have to be shifted to take advantage of the new
area provided. With a collection comprising upward of half a million volumes, it is
a major task that lies ahead.
In order to clear the way for the work on the stack area, temporary shelving in
use for many years had to be released and an additional amount of material had to
be removed to storage. Temporary accommodation had to be found for some 6,000
feet of books and newspapers while the work progressed. This has meant that some
material has had to be placed in storage and is, therefore, not accessible for use.
Efforts were made, however, to ensure that all material likely to be needed was kept
available, even though some time might be required for retrieval. As far as the
resources of the Library were concerned, therefore, the necessary inconvenience of
the move did not greatly affect the service.
 V 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA
East side of the Provincial Library with
the second floor stripped out during renovations.
—W. M. Peters photo
Four tiers of stacks being installed in the
area previously occupied by two floors of
office and storage space. The new shelf-
space will increase capacity by one-third.
—W. M. Peters photo
As far as general service to the public is concerned, however, the alterations
have caused considerable inconvenience. The reading-room had to be taken over
as a book-storage area, with total available public facilities being two tables and
four chairs. Some of the difficulty has been overcome by a more lenient loan policy,
especially to departments of Government.
Work on the third floor of the Library wing has been almost completed, permitting a shift of some of the technical processing departments. The Cataloguing
Department has been relocated in larger, more efficient quarters, and a special
projects section has been established in the large south room on the third floor.
This room has also been used to house the Library's microfilm collection, microfilm
readers, and reader-printer, and to accommodate in one location Government documents frequently used by those engaged in historical research, namely, British
Columbia and Canadian Sessional Papers, Hansards, British Columbia and Canadian
Gazettes.
Staff
An increase in staff has made possible a number of improvements in the services provided by the Library. In particular, the appointment of three librarians
and clerical support has provided the opportunity for embarking on a project long
planned but until now impossible. This is the completion and revision of the
Library's index to the Vancouver and Victoria daily newspapers for the years from
1900 to date.
The project had been started in 1918 on a limited scale only, and it has long
been planned to index the years from 1900 to 1918, and to carry the indexing
forward into the late 20's, to the same degree as the indexing has been done since
about 1930. The gap had been largely closed to 1910, but with this year's appointments it should be possible to complete the index and to give it a thorough revision
preparatory to microfilming within five years.
The year also saw the addition of a librarian to the Provincial Library staff
who is responsible for the maintenance of the collection of the Parks and Fish and
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 31
Wildlife Divisions of the Department of Recreation and Conservation. Although
the Library has, over the years, provided cataloguing service to a number of Departmental collections (Health, Water Resources, Municipal Affairs, Provincial Museum,
Mental Health, and, beginning this year, the Department of Mines), the provision
of full library services through a Provincial Library staff member has not before
been attempted. It is, however, a significant step that should benefit both the
Library and the department concerned, and another step toward a desired centralization of Government library services. A further expansion in this area is hoped
for in the coming year.
Equipment
To speed the provision of hard-copy prints from microfilm, the Library acquired a Kodak reader-printer of a design providing positive prints from either
positive or negative film or fiche. Although the Central Microfilm Bureau had previously done this work for the Library, often at some inconvenience to the Bureau,
requests from Members and from their research staffs for immediate print-outs
made an improvement in the service necessary.
The Library's Olivetti Copia machine was replaced with a Xerox 3100 copier,
a high-speed, efficient unit designed with library use in mind. It provides an extremely high quality of photographic reproduction and allows the use of ordinary
rather than the treated paper required by the Olivetti, which was the object of
considerable criticism from those whose requests totalled a number of pages.
To speed the production of the Library's two bibliographies, an electric stapler
and an electric collator were acquired. Both have made possible great savings in
the staff work-time involved in processing the monthly lists.
Newspaper Index
During the year the index to the Vancouver and Victoria daily newspapers for
the period 1900-70 was moved from the reference room to the third floor. The
move was necessitated by the lack of space in the reference room and because of
the retroactive indexing project referred to earlier.
Discussions with the librarian of the Pacific Press on the subject of co-operative
indexing and of possible computerization continued. It is hoped that next year
some agreement can be reached on a common list of subject headings, which would
make co-operative indexing possible and which would be compatible with future
computerization.
Microphotographic Acquisitions
Two significant microfiche services have been added to the Library's document
collection. Micro Media, of Toronto, began issuing, on fiche, all major provincial
and municipal documents released in Canada. The Library subscribes to the complete service. The Library is co-operating fully with the publisher by providing a
copy of its monthly document check-list and also a copy of all British Columbia
government publications desired for filming.
This year, also, the Library began subscribing to the Congressional Information
Service (CIS), which issues monthly, on fiche, the U.S. Committee hearings, Committee prints, all House and Senate documents, and special publications.
 V 32
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Index to the Journals
Mrs. Christine R. Fox, the former Assistant Librarian, completed the manuscript of her Index to the Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of
British Columbia, 1872-1971. It is hoped the volume will be published early
in 1974.
Reference Service
Although greatly hampered by the renovations under way, the Library continued to provide service to the Members, to Government personnel, and, to a more
limited extent, the general public. Priority was naturally given to requests from
Members, and work in this area continues to increase. The provision of research
assistants to Members through the caucuses has not significantly lessened demand
for direct assistance to the Members; it has instead resulted in a quite separate and
additional demand area from the research workers themselves.
POSTAL BRANCH
The Department was saddened by the sudden death in June of L. D. Hornsby,
Chief Postal Clerk. Les, as he was known to everyone, moved to his position with
the Provincial Government from the Federal Post Office in October 1959. He was
a dedicated, conscientious employee.
Chief Postal Clerk Leon Hall speaks to Clerks responsible for Departmental mail
during "Better Mailing Procedures" workshop.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 33
At the beginning of October 1973, Leon E. Hall, a long-time employee of the
Federal Post Office, was appointed to succeed Les Hornsby. In the interim, J. M.
Knight, assisted by W. D. Craig, directed operations.
Mail volumes have continued to increase on a monthly basis, with the 1973
volume up some 10 per cent over 1972.
In addition to the increase in volume of mail handled, "in house" mail has
more than tripled, largely due to the move away from the Parliament Buildings
precinct of a number of departments and agencies.
This movement of staff has also taxed the vehicluar service to the maximum
and in the coming year the problem of supplying another vehicular route in the
pick-up and delivery area will have to be faced.
The same situation exists in the Vancouver Postal Branch, and there, too, an
additional vehicle will be required to maintain service to Government departments.
The new Chief Postal Clerk has made a number of operational changes since
his appointment. A new control system for permit mailings has been instituted to
the benefit of both the Provincial and Federal Post Offices. A "Postpak" system
for bulk mailing has shown a marked dollar saving since it began on November 19.
A "certified mail" programme in the registration section began November 26 that
could show a 25-per-cent saving in costs in that section. A survey of parcel costs
has been completed which indicates that a considerable saving could be made if
Branch vehicles were utilized for delivery of parcel post.
Further changes will be instituted in the coming year to take full advantage of
planned changes in the Federal Post Office.
Closer supervision and monitoring has cut costs in the system as far as Victoria
is concerned, and it is hoped to extend these new practices throughout the Province
in 1974. To this end, the Chief Postal Clerk has scheduled visits to various Government Agencies throughout the Province.
In November, two workshops on "Better Mailing Procedures" were held,
attended by clerks from all Departments responsible for handling mail. A further
session for Administrative Officers will be held early in the new year.
Receipts:
Letter bags— pieces
1972  3,499    3,388,000
1973  3,859    3,737,000
String bags—
1972. ti    8,788    1,619,000
1973  10,004    1,801,000
Total piece count—
1972  5,007,000
1973......  5,538,000
Dispatches:
Permit mailings, 1973-—     Pieces
1st class  3,195,000
2nd class      773,000
3rd class      885,000
Postal Branch meter
machines to—.
Vancouver City .  1,656,000
Remainder of B.C.. 1,890,000
Total piece count—
1973 _,_-__.-
8,399,000
CENTRAL MICROFILM BUREAU
The Bureau production growth during 1973 far exceeded expectations. New
filming installations, along with expansion of existing retrieval stations and.computer programmed filming requirements, placed a very heavy demand on both personnel and equipment. Film-processing production total was 1,910,780 feet compared to 1,254,810 feet for 1972.   This volume of processing would not have been
 V 34 BRITISH COLUMBIA
possible without the Labmaster Processor which was installed in a redesigned area
in February of this year. The Bureau commenced film processing "in house" on
October 15, 1965, and since then has processed over 1,200 miles of film.
The Department of Human Resources accounts for some of the increased
activities in the Bureau. Nine separate filming applications were initiated during
the year in addition to other annual filming requirements. The new Mincome programme was responsible for a surge in microfilming in the department. Four programmes are computer-generated monthly update runs, while the balance are daily
document "input."
Another new application, although relatively insignificant in terms of total
volume, is the filming in the Beautiful British Columbia magazine office of the
Department of Travel Industry. Its films are processed and cartridged by the
Bureau. Several other new programmes were introduced to microfilm, such as the
Securities Commission of the Department of Attorney-General, the Home Owner
Assistance Branch, Nanaimo Vocational School, and British Columbia Medical
Commission.
Additional sets of annual and weekly films were requested for information
retrieval stations in the Motor-vehicle and Driver Licence Divisions of the Motor-
vehicle Branch and one additional set of Subscriber Register and Assessed Payable
for the British Columbia Medical Plan. The film-duplicating service which was
initiated during 1972 has provided an invaluable service that has been extensively
used for expanding existing programmes and to replace damaged films. A total of
301,625 feet of film was produced by this means.
The first complete year in which the Central Microfilm Bureau was responsible
for microfilming Land Registry documents was 1973. The following are roll totals
in duplicate produced from the six Registry Offices:
ToDecember31 ToDecember31
(Rolls) (Rolls)
New Westminster  1,470 Nelson      166
Victoria  2,754 Kamloops      363
Vancouver   2,630 Prince George      101
An increased interest in unitized jacket applications was evident in 1973. This
application has update capability along with quicker referencing. Personnel were
assigned to the preparation and jacket loading to facilitate the increased demand.
Microfiche and aperture cards were received in some offices. This means of disseminating information reduces costs for the sender; however, very few Government offices are presently equipped with readers for this type of application. The
Bureau provides the services for viewing and printing hard copy when required.
It is anticipated that the demand for micrographics will continue at a high
rate. A reduction in the microfilming involvement of documentation and computer-
produced printout for information stations is anticipated in 1974 for the Motor-
vehicle Branch. The Autoplan Insurance scheme operated by the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia will be microfilming documentation and "input" for
access retrieval stations previously handled by the Bureau.
The Vancouver Courthouse has millions of documents that will receive the
attention of the Bureau in 1974 and beyond. The Bureau will direct the microfilming operations in Vancouver, commencing with the 1974/75 fiscal year. The records, presently occupying thousands of feet of shelving, will be put into microfilm
form prior to the move into the new Courthouse facilities in 1976.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 35
The following are comparative figures illustrating usage and reference to films:
1972 1973
Searches   7,392 6,666
Prints   10,341 12,642
Jackets  18,891 40,563
Aperture cards  6,516 7,174
Micro Strip holders   15,623 22,839
Processed film footage  1,254,810 1,910,780
CIVIL DEFENCE
From January 1, 1974, to be known as
PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY PROGRAMME
John H. Erb, Provincial Civil Defence Co-ordinator, retired at the end of
August from the position he had held since July 1964. He was succeeded on October 1 by L. R. A. Hart, who joined Civil Defence in 1955, and had been Assistant
Co-ordinator since 1964. Mr. Hart's promotion created another vacancy, which
was filled December 1 with the appointment of C. E. McKay as Assistant Provincial
Co-ordinator.
Emergency Tasks
In 1973, local emergency services personnel participated in 178 emergency
tasks—105 land searches, 40 marine rescues, five air searches, eight rescues from
vehicle accidents and train wreck, five flood operations, five oil spills, and 10 fires.
These operations involved 2,507 volunteer workers who contributed 26,727
man-hours of work.
During the disastrous Salmon Arm forest fire the newly concluded co-operative
agreement with the Canadian Red Cross to provide emergency welfare facilities was
exercised and tested out exceedingly well.
The air search for Neil Carey at Prince George proved conclusively the value
of well-organized and co-ordinated Civil Defence volunteer back-up resources for
the Armed Forces Search and Rescue Squadron. Volunteers also assisted in the
air search conducted by the Search and Rescue Squadron out of Cranbrook.
The numerous marine rescue missions clearly indicate a growing need and
local desire for an extension of this service.
A new experience for Branch personnel this year was assistance provided to
stranded motorists during the ferry-workers' strike. Co-ordination of, and cooperation among the various resource agencies, helped to make an unpleasant situation a humane and tolerable experience for stranded motorists.
Training
The programme provides training for personnel who have been assigned emergency responsibilities. These personnel are drawn from municipal, Provincial, and
Federal departments and agencies, from volunteer agencies, and from approximately
17,000 community-minded volunteers who have assumed emergency responsibilities
in their respective municipalities.
 V 36 BRITISH COLUMBIA
The number of training courses, seminars, and conferences and the number
of candidates attending at the Provincial Emergency Programme Training School
in Victoria are as follows:
Sessions Number of
Course                                                                   Held Candidates
Community Emergency Planning     2 57
Casualty Simulation     2 16
Emergency Health Planning     1 12
Emergency Welfare     1 31
First Aid '     5 79
Radiological Protection     1 11
Search and Rescue     9 101
Communications Seminar     1 21
Province/State Conference .     1 27
23 355
Municipal Training
The training courses held in Victoria are designed for training instructors and
senior Emergency Services personnel. In addition, there are local training programmes consisting of Provincially approved and authorized courses for members
of the municipal emergency services. Some are conducted by Provincial training
staff, some jointly, and others solely by Provincially qualified municipal instructors.
During 1973, training courses authorized by the Branch and conducted in the
municipalities of the Province provided training for 6,327 candidates in the following services:
Auxiliary Fire-fighters  .  998
Auxiliary Police  412
Communications  296
Community Emergency Planning  363
Emergency Air Services i  125
Emergency Health Planning  __ .... 582
Emergency Marine Service 1 . ________j___ .; . 91
Emergency Welfare Planning _  . 757
First Aid  . sJ  496
Radiological Protection  98
Search and Rescue ... :<.  2,109
Also, during 1973, 38 British Columbians attended various Federal courses
and conferences held at the Canada Emergency Measures College, Arnprior, Ont.
The Search and Rescue Co-ordination courses held this year for auxiliary
police have been extremely well received by the police, who are legally responsible
for missing persons, and the Search and Rescue Leaders who actually conduct the
searches.
It is intended to expand this programme in the coming year so that selected
local course graduates will be given advanced search and rescue training at the
Provincial Emergency Programme School. By this method it is expected eventually
to be able to provide an adequate supply of qualified instructors and leaders to fill
the local needs.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 37
Fire-fighter Training
Through the Emergency Fire Defence Plan of the Provincial Fire Marshal's
Office, the Branch supports a contining training programme for local fire departments.
This training programme is conducted by a Travelling Unit consisting of six
Inspectors and one Supervisor.
During 1973 the Training Inspectors conducted nine-hour courses at 98 fire
departments, providing instruction to 2,158 men. Qualifying certificates were presented to 1,024.
In addition, 23 special courses were conducted for industry and private organizations, and three municipal surveys were conducted with regard to fire-protection
needs.
Training-pumpers were loaned to nine fire departments for training auxiliary
fire-fighters and (or) for emergency operations.
Training staff provide lecturers for orientation and community emergency
planning courses.
At present the Training Unit has 250 fire departments on its instructional
itinerary.
Communications
The emphasis today in Emergency Communications at all levels is on properly
co-ordinated plans for emergency use of existing systems. The old concept of being
independently equipped has proven to be impractical and well beyond budgetary
limitations. The only exception to this principle is that equipment should be held
for training tasks, and to act as a supplement to existing systems when needed.
The major systems in the Province referred to above are Government-owned
or those of Crown corporations. The present method of operation and their continued existence as independent entities are under study by a communications consulting firm under contract to the Province. The outcome of this study could have
a major effect on emergency communications; closer integration of systems would
lead to improved Emergency Communications.
Outside the field of Government-related communications, liaison has been
maintained with the RAVEN net operated by the Indians of British Columbia,
amateur radio operators, and citizens' band organizations.
At the request of the Health Security Programme Project, Civil Defence acted
in a communications consulting role and recommended a set of objectives to improve
the emergency medical communications in the Province.
Marine Rescue Service
The primary responsibility for providing vessels for marine rescue lies with
the Canadian Coast Guard. Co-ordination of the function rests with the Rescue
Co-ordination Centre in Esquimalt.
In recent years there has been an increasing public clamour for an improved
marine rescue service, particularly at the local level.
A large and rapidly growing number of small craft plying our coastal and
inland waterways has made it impossible for the Coast Guard and police to cope
with every marine mishap. This situation will not likely improve while the number
of privately owned craft is increasing at a rapid rate.
As a consequence of this public demand for improved service, the Branch, in
its role of co-ordinator and organizer of volunteers, promoted the formation of local
 V 38 BRITISH COLUMBIA
groups of skilled boatmen who could augment existing rescue services. As a result,
marine service reserve groups now exist in many coastal communities and on the
lakes of the Interior. These groups are designed to respond to requests for assistance from either the Rescue Co-ordination Centre, the police, or, upon learning of
local marine emergencies, from any source.
This year the Marine Service has been involved in 40 search and rescue tasks.
Emergency Air Service
The Emergency Programme Air Service continues to be a growing back-up
resource for the Armed Forces Search and Rescue Squadrons and a prime resource
for an air reconnaissance capability for land searches.
The worth of this organization was amply demonstrated in the search between
September 19 and October 9 for the CPA pilot who was reported missing on a flight
from Quesnel to Terrace. The resources of the Armed Forces needed supplementing
to cover such a large area. The rugged terrain in this search area increased the
difficulty of thorough coverage.
A search headquarters and its associated logistic support was set up at Prince
George Airport. The Armed Forces Searchmaster, the Service pilots, Branch air
service pilots and spotters, and ground personnel.together conducted an efficient,
effective, and well co-ordinated operation from this location. Branch air service
aircraft operated from Quesnel, Vanderhoof, Burns Lake, and Smithers in addition
to Prince George. Some 51 aircraft, 87 pilots, and at least 100 spotters were involved in the search.   This required 332 aircraft-flying hours and 2,815 man-hours.
This search operation will be carefully reviewed, together with the Armed
Forces rescue organization. To this end it is hoped to hold a seminar early in 1974
with the Provincial Emergency Programme Zone Co-ordinators, the zone air chiefs,
and representatives of the Armed Forces.
Emergency Welfare Services
Planning, organizing, and training for emergency welfare is conducted jointly
by the office of the Provincial Co-ordinator and the Department of Human Resources. To a degree, recruiting suitable volunteers is also done jointly by these two
agencies. At the field level, close co-ordination between departmental line staff and
Emergency Programme officials continues on a co-operative and productive basis.
All Provincial training is conducted under the segis of the Training Section and at
the expense of the Branch.
Emergency welfare is required to provide two distinct types of assistance. On
the one hand there are the needs which can only be met by the professionally trained
staff of the Department of Human Resources—the personal services. On the other
are the emergency welfare needs—food, clothing, lodging, registration, and inquiry
—which can be, and usually are, met by volunteer agencies.
In organizing emergency welfare committees, an agreement was reached with
the B.C.-Yukon Division of the Canadian Red Cross Society whereby the Red Cross
would be responsible for managing the voluntary components of emergency welfare
centres, including arranging for
(a) disaster victims and answering inquiries about them;
(b) feeding disaster victims through community resources;
(c) lodging of disaster victims;
(d) clothing for disaster victims.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 39
Provincial Civil Defence agreed
(a) to conduct courses for Red Cross personnel relative to their emergency welfare responsibilities;
(b) to reimburse Red Cross for expenses arising from authorized activities in an emergency;
(c) to assist in production and publication of the Red Cross Disaster
Manual.
The Letter of Intent was signed on January 11, 1973, by the Provincial Secretary, the Civil Defence Co-ordinator, and the President and Commissioner of the
B.C.-Yukon Division of the Red Cross.
A Welfare Community Planning Course was held February 6 to 8, 1973, for
Red Cross Provincial and regional personnel and selected Red Cross volunteers.
Members of the Federal Emergency Welfare Service training staff assisted in conducting the course.
A Zone Welfare Conference was held in Prince George in June 1973, attended
by Municipal Civil Defence Co-ordinators, municipal welfare staff appointees, and
Red Cross personnel.
A Red Cross staff member has now completed a tour of the Province conducting a short introductory course for the Emergency Programme/Red Cross Disaster
Committee in their new role.
During 1973, 11 Red Cross personnel attended five Federal courses.
The joint venture between Red Cross and the Branch is being well received
and will assist in dealing with emergency welfare throughout most areas of the
Province.
Emergency Health
The objective of the Emergency Health Services is to develop the capability to
provide mass casualty care and emergency public health service. This requires
strengthening the capacity of the community to develop its capability to provide
basic mass casualty care and to indoctrinate its health personnel in the effects and
demands of a disaster on their community organization and facilities.
There is an increasing interest in hospital disaster planning, reflecting an
increase in the number of community hospital disaster plans being developed.
The Branch's Health Services supports these exercises by providing casualty
simulation equipment and training supplies.
Training:
(a) A two and one-half day Community Emergency Health Planning
course conducted for 12 candidates representing hospitals and public
health units.
(b) A two-hour course to nursing-school students of two hospitals in
Victoria and Langara College and Royal Columbian in New Westminster. The Vancouver General Hospital Nursing School presents
their own programme and uses Branch display material.
(c) The Primary Care for the Emergency Patient course has a capacity
registration of ambulance attendants, industrial first aiders, industrial nurses, and emergency-room physicians. This past year the
course was fortunate in having Dr. A. Finley as a guest speaker.
Dr. Finley is the central figure in the film "Date With Disaster"
which is part of the Branch's hospital in-service programme.
 V 40 BRITISH COLUMBIA
(d) A two-hour in-service programme at 13 hospitals, the programme
consists of three films—"The 200 Bed Emergency Hospital," "The
Advanced Treatment Centre," and "Date With Disaster." In areas
that do not have a prepositioned 200-bed hospital, the film "Health
Is" is shown. A talk on organization and planning and on Emergency Health Services equipment is presented between the films.
(e) At the annual meeting of the B.C. Hospital's Association, the Branch
presented a display of sample literature dealing with emergency
health services and emergency medical services. This was successful to the degree that additional inquiries were received from hospitals and an information list published.
(/) The Abbotsford Air Show, billed as the largest in North America,
continues to attract large crowds and, to ensure availability of emergency care in the event of accidents and as a practical exercise and
test for personnel and equipment, continues to be supported by the
Branch's Health Services.
Auxiliary Police Programme
The Auxiliary Police Training Programme was extended in 1973 to include
a course in Search and Rescue procedures, given to a select group of 35 Auxiliary
Force members.
The course was sponsored and conducted by the Branch for the purpose of
providing continuous and knowledgeable liaison between the Search and Rescue
groups and the regular police force.
Preliminary reports indicate that this procedure will assist greatly in bringing
about a closer liaison and greater co-operation between the two groups with primary
responsibilities when persons are lost in the forested wilderness of our Province.
Additional courses are planned for 1974.
There are at present 919 RCMP auxiliaries, with 179 applicants in various
stages of being processed.
There are approximately 300 auxiliaries in municipal police forces in British
Columbia.
Public Information
The public information programme is based on the understanding that
(a) the public have a right to know what their Government is doing on
their behalf and at public expense;
(b) optimum effectiveness in an emergency preparedness programme requires the understanding, good will, and active support of the public;
(c) when threatened or beset by emergency or disaster situations the
public must be warned, advised, and perhaps directed;
(d) in the event of personal injury, inquiries from concerned relatives
and friends must be promptly answered, and in the event of loss of
life next-of-kin must be properly informed;
(e) a primary essential of good public relations is good public information.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 41
Public information activities during 1973 include
(a) news releases;
(b) five issues of the Civil Defencer (2,500 copies each issue);
(c) permanent displays in the B.C. Pavilion at the PNE updated and
renovated;
(d) preparation of copy for informational pamphlets re
(i) Introductions to Emergency Programme,
(ii) Survival Aid—Earthquake,
(iii) Survival Aid—Flood,
(iv) Survival A id—Tsunami;
(e) distribution of 30,000 Canada E.M.O. Self-help Advice pamphlets;
(/)  publication and distribution of a guide to providing public information to the Public Service;
(g)  lectures to training courses and conferences;
(h) assisting at the Western Ministers' Conference.
The role of the new Provincial Emergency Programme will continue to grow
across the Province with the increasing recognition of the need for a prompt and
positive response in the face of a threat and the co-ordination of resource agency
activities during a crisis.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES ADVISORY BOARD
The staff were strengthened in 1973 by the appointment of an Assistant Provincial Archaeologist. A Stenographer is to be appointed early in 1974, and there
are plans to add Research Officers to the Branch.
In 1973, 37 permits to carry out archaeological field work were issued.
The summer proved to be an extremely busy period, partly due to numerous
field projects carried out by the universities and the National Museum of Man, but
mainly as a result of increased site-survey activity by Archaeological Sites Advisory
Board (ASAB) crews under the direction of the Provincial Archaeologist. For the
first time the Board was able to carry out surveys of all B.C. Hydro and Power
Authority project proposals. In addition, site surveys were carried out throughout
the Province of all proposed Department of Highways projects. The Federal Department of Public Works funded a five-week-long survey of a highway link between
Carcross in the Yukon Territory and the B.C.-Alaska border. The ASAB funded
an archaeological site survey of Belize and Seymour Inlets, which was carried out by
the Department of Archaeology at Simon Fraser University.
The Libby Pondage Archaeological Salvage Project was again the major field
work activity carried out by the Board. A field crew, varying in size from 10 to 15
persons, carried out excavations at eight separate sites within the pondage during
the months of April to September. Three additional salvage projects were initiated
by the Board—one at the mouth of the Tsable River near Courtenay, another at the
South Yale locality, and the third on Saltspring Island.
The Provincial Archaeologist initiated a summer student employment programme designed to provide archaeological field-work experience to native Indians.
Twenty-three Indian high school students were placed with various projects throughout the Province.
The Provincial Archaeologist co-operated with the Archaeology Division of the
Provincial Museum and the Department of Anthropology at the University of Victoria in planning and implementing an archaeological field project carried out in the
 V 42
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Excavation of site in the Libby Dam pondage.   Photo shows pondage level in process
of inundating site.
Remains of archaeological site deposits in the Libby Dam pondage, showing effects of the
first season of inundation.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 43
Knight Inlet area and employing a Company of Armed Forces personnel from the
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry in Victoria. The project, which was
under the direction of Dr. D. H. Mitchell, was very successful, involving a total of
90 Army personnel in archaeological excavation procedures. It is hoped that a
similar project may be carried out again next year.
Acting upon a request from the Provincial Archaeologist's office, the Chief Gold
Commissioner for British Columbia issued a warning to all persons holding an active
placer lease within the Province against causing any disturbance to sites of archaeological importance. Lease-holders were further instructed to contact the Provincial
Archaeologist in order to make him aware of any intention to proceed with the development of a placer lease. It is hoped that this action will minimize the disturbance
to archaeological sites previously in danger of total destruction from the effects of
placer-mining.
Excellent communication has been established, and is being maintained, between the Provincial Archaeologist's office and the Union of British Columbia Indian
Chiefs as a direct result of the addition to the ASAB of two representatives from the
Union. Also, as a result of the appointment of Staff Sgt. Ray Nelson of the RCMP
as liaison officer with the Board, excellent relations have been established with
various police detachments throughout the Province.
The Libby Pondage Archaeological Salvage Project—This summer saw the
completion of field work related to the salvage of archaeological resources located
within the Canadian portion of the Libby Pondage. Twelve sites have been adequately sampled or tested. Various sampling techniques were utilized, ranging from
very subjective unit designation schemes to variations of random sampling. The
application of a 5-per-cent random sampling of site DhPt 10 (a) resulted in a total
of 227 units of 2 metres square being excavated.
Although all available funds were expended during this last summer (maximum
pondage level will be reached during early 1974), an application will be made to
the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for additional funds needed
to continue the analysis of material recovered from sites in the pondage area.
Department of Highways—During the past summer, two university students
were employed by the Department of Highways to carry out archaeological site
surveys of all ongoing and proposed highway projects. This project was carried out
under the direction of the Provincial Archaeologist and resulted in a total of 60 previously unknown sites being recorded. Ten conflicts between proposed highway
projects and archaeological sites were found in the 110 different projects checked by
the field crews.
The Department of Highways has been notified of all conflicts, in detail, and
the feasibility of having routes altered is being examined. Highway officials have
indicated that the archaeological reconnaissance was of much value and that similar
surveys will become a normal procedure prior to the construction of new highway
facilities. The Board has also been assured that should archaeological salvage excavations become necessary, adequate funds will be allocated by the Department of
Highways.
An archaeological salvage excavation near Courtenay on Vancouver Island,
made necessary by the proposed construction of a new bridge over the Tsable River,
was recently completed.
B.C. Hydro and Power Authority—Two separate archaeological site-survey
teams, of two persons each, carried out a reconnaissance of three proposed power-
generating projects and 15 proposed power transmission-line routes.
 V 44
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The site surveys resulted in two conflicts being recorded on proposed power-line
rights-of-way and 12 within the pondage areas of the proposed generating-sites.
Reports and recommendations have been forwarded to Hydro, and the Board has
their assurance that salvage funds will be provided should any site be threatened by
the fruition of any proposed project.
During the month of May, archaeologists from the University of British Columbia carried out salvage excavation of a portion of the South Yale locality affected
by the Mica 1 and 2 transmission-line right-of-way. Funds for the project were
provided by B.C. Hydro to the ASAB and the work by UBC was conducted on
a contract basis. Thirty-five units were excavated, yielding numerous artifacts representative of the Pasika Complex.
An account of the South Yale Salvage Project was featured in B.C. Hydro's
summer issue of Progress.
Federal Department of Public Works—As a result of a meeting between senior
Federal Public Works engineering staff and the Provincial Archaeologist in late June,
an agreement was reached whereby the Federal Government would fund a five-week
archaeological survey of the proposed right-of-way of a new highway link between
Carcross, Y.T., and the B.C.-Alaska border at White Pass.
The site survey was carried out during the months of July and August by two
field workers employed by the Archaeological Sites Advisory Board. The survey
resulted in a total of 11 sites of historic or prehistoric significance being recorded.
Four of the recorded sites represent potential conflicts with proposed highway construction. However, the DPW is acting upon the Board's recommendation that the
endangered sites be avoided, and the original right-of-way will be rerouted.
Northern rail and road developments—The Archaeological Sites Advisory
Board will be participating in a comprehensive long-term feasibility study of proposed road and railway expansions in northwestern British Columbia. The first
phase of the study began on October 1 with an archaeological survey of the proposed
Canadian National Railways extension from Terrace to the Nass River valley.
Two field workers were employed by the Board during the month of October.
The crew was stationed at Terrace and Nass Camp while carrying out the month-
long archaeological reconnaissance.
Heritage site inventory of the Gulf Islands—In connection with the Select
Standing Committee on Municipal Matters investigating future land-use policies in
the Gulf Islands, a systematic inventory is being made of the archaeological and
historic resources of the islands.
The project is intended to locate and identify the archaeological and historic
sites on the islands, and to assemble information on site sizes and the present legal
status of lands containing sites. Field work is under way on Saltspring Island, and
other islands will be covered in coming months.
The inventory will facilitate heritage-site protection and conservation measures
in the planning process.
Publications—A total of 10,000 copies of the booklet Preserving British Columbia's Prehistory was printed by the Queen's Printer. Copies of the updated
version of the booklet are being circulated to all schools, libraries, museums, Indian
Bands, and RCMP detachments throughout the Province.
A second run of 15,000 copies of the pamphlet The Relic Collector and the
Law in British Columbia has been printed and circulated to centres where they are
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 45
readily available to the general public and to visitors to the Province. Copies of
these publications, as well as the Archceological and Historic Sites Protection Act,
have been circulated to all Provincial Forest Rangers, Fish and Wildlife officers,
and Federal Fisheries Service patrols and guardians.
BRITISH COLUMBIA HOUSE, LONDON
Responsibility for the operation of British Columbia
House in London became a
function of the Department
on April 1, 1973.
The Office of the Agent-
General, originally established in 1872 to promote
immigration to the Province,
has greatly expanded over
the years and now includes
trade, travel, assisting visitors, and dealing with all
manner of inquiries relating
to the Province involving all
Government departments.
In earlier days, Agents-
General served in other areas.
For example, an Agent-General was appointed in Edinburgh in 1885, and another
was appointed in Belgium in
1892. Now, the Agent-
General in London is responsible for the United Kingdom
and Europe.
During 1973 a number of visits were received from members of the Executive
Council of the Province of British Columbia, and the Agent-General and his staff
made arrangements for them to meet local businessmen and also their counterparts
in the United Kingdom to discuss mutual problems and areas of interest. In June
a reception was held at British Columbia House in honour of the Premier and Mrs.
Barrett, which was attended by leading figures in the British and Canadian communities, as well as a number of students from British Columbia studying in London.
Trade and industrial promotion continued to occupy an important role in the
operations of British Columbia House. Britain is now a well-established member
of the European Economic Community, presenting British Columbian manufacturers with opportunities to expand in the European market. During the year
assistance was given to a number of British Columbia manufacturers seeking to
enter the United Kingdom and European markets and numerous inquiries were
handled from firms wishing information on investment opportunities in British
Columbia. A full report of the trade activities appears in the Annual Report of
the Department of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce.
Immigration inquiries received were up substantially over the previous year,
partly due to the improvement in the employment situation in the Province, and
 V 46
BRITISH COLUMBIA
partly due to inflationary, labour, and energy problems presently affecting the
United Kingdom. The immigration counselling staff working in conjunction with
the Canadian Department of Manpower and Immigration were kept busy replying
to written inquiries and conducting interviews with residents of the United Kingdom
seeking to emigrate to Canada.
Another indication of the improving economic conditions in the Province is
that British Columbia employers are now recruiting in the United Kingdom for the
first time in several years. British Columbia House was asked to assist on several
occasions and provided office space, clerical staff, and assisted with advertising and
interviews.
The film library continues to receive many requests for films on British Columbia, and over 150 films were loaned out and viewed by an estimated 10,000 people.
The greatest demand was from travel agencies and schools.
Travel inquiries increased in 1973 as the result of lower fares to North America
following the introduction of advance booking charters. All members of the staff
at British Columbia House were pleased to assist the Department of Travel Industry
representatives in answering the many inquiries received. The full report of the
Director of Travel Promotion appears in the Annual Report of the Department of
Travel Industry.
The British Columbia News Letter published monthly under the name of the
Agent-General continued to enjoy increased circulation. It is distributed throughout
the United Kingdom and Europe to financial organizations, business concerns, and
individuals with interests in British Columbia, and endeavours to keep them advised
of the latest industrial, financial, and social developments in the Province. Plans
are under consideration to increase the contents to include travel news and increase
the distribution to travel agents in the United Kingdom.
British Columbia House, built in 1916, and situated only a few steps from
Piccadilly Circus, the "hub" of London, is ideally situated to cater to the many
visitors from British Columbia who come to London. The staff are kept busy
answering the many inquiries about things to do and places to go in London. This
year, over 2,400 visitors availed themselves of the mail facilities and over 10,000
letters were handled. Many more took advantage of the reading-room to rest and
catch up on news from home by browsing through the many British Columbia
newspapers available.
It is interesting to note that the United Kingdom authorities have recently
placed British Columbia House on the list of buildings having special architectural
or historic interest, so it has now, itself, become part of the London scene.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
V 47
Appendix A
Members of the Legislative Assembly and Executive Council,
1872-1906
Listed in Appendix A are members of the Legislative Assembly and the Executive Council
in the first 10 Parliaments elected in British Columbia.
Political parties played no part in Government in this Province until 1903, resulting in
frequent Government changes in the early years as members, unrestricted by party discipline,
shifted their support from one side to the other. The lack of defined party lines also resulted
in Ministers serving in the same positions in more than one Parliament and under more than
one Premier.
For many years, voters confirmed appointments to the Executive Council. Upon being
named to a Cabinet position, the member resigned and ran in a by-election. In some cases he
lost. In 1882, Executive Council members were sworn in a month before the General
Election. This appears to have been an attempt to avoid the necessity for resignations and
by-elections immediately after the election.
In June 1903, Richard McBride became Premier and organized his Government along
party lines. The introduction of party discipline brought a degree of stability to the British
Columbia political scene.
Members for the second 10 Parliaments elected in the Province will be published in the
1974 Annual Report of the Department of the Provincial Secretary.
 V 48 BRITISH COLUMBIA
FIRST PARLIAMENT
25 Members.
Elections: October and December 1871 and January 1872.
First Session: February 15, 1872, to April 11, 1872.
Second Session: December 17, 1872, to February 21, 1873.
Third Session: December 18, 1873, to March 2, 1874.
Fourth Session: March 1, 1875, to April 22, 1875.
Electoral District Members
Cariboo (3) Hunter, Joseph.
Booth, Cornelius (resigned Apr. 23, 1872).
Walkem, George Anthony, Q.C.
Barnston, John George (by-election, July 1872 [Booth]).
Comox (1)__  Ash, John.
Cowichan (2) Smithe, William.
Booth, John Paton.
Esquimalt (2) Robertson, Alexander Rocke.
Cogan, Henry.
Kootenay (2) Mara, John Andrew.
Todd, Charles.
Lillooet (2) Jamieson, Andrew T. (died Oct. 31, 1872).
Humphreys,   Thomas   Basil   (resigned   Oct   5,   1874;   re-elected
Nov. 1874).
Saul, William (by-election, Dec.  1872 [Jamieson]; resigned Oct.
5, 1874).
Brown, William (by-election, Nov. 1874 [Saul]).
Nanaimo (1)
Robson, John.
New Westminster—
City (1)	
 Holbrook, Henry.
District (2)	
 Hughes, Josiah Charles.
Victoria—
City (4)	
Armstrong, William James.
 McCreight, John Foster.
Duck, Simeon.
Beaven, Robert.
Trimble, James.
o
District (2)___  de Cosmos, Amor (resigned Feb. 9, 1874).
Bunster, Arthur (resigned Feb. 9, 1874).
Tolmie, William Fraser (by-election, Feb. 1874 [de Cosmos]).
Robertson, William Archibald (by-election, Feb. 1874 [Bunster]).
Yale (3) Smith, Robert.
Robinson, James.
Semlin, Charles Augustus.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 49
Executive Council, First Parliament, February 1872 to January 1876
Premier:
November 1871 to December 1872 John Foster McCreight, Q.C.
December 1872 to February 1874 Amor de Cosmos.
February 1874 to  George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
Colonial Secretary for Province of British Columbia:
August 1871 to November 1871 Charles Good.
Provincial Secretary:
November 1871 to December 1872 Alexander Rocke Robertson.
December 1872 to  John Ash.
Attorney-General:
August 18-24, 1871 Edward Graham Alston.
August 1871 to December 1872 John Foster McCreight, Q.C.
December 1872 to  George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
August 1871 to November 1871 Benjamin William Pearse.
November 1871 to January 1872 ..Henry Holbrook.
January 1872 to December 1872 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
December 1872 to ■ Robert Beavan.
Finance and Agriculture:
April 1873 to  William James Armstrong.
Member Without Portfolio:
December 1872 to April 1873 William James Armstrong.
President of the Council:
April 1872 to December 1872 Henry Holbrook.
December 1872 to February 1874 Amor de Cosmos.
Speaker:
February 1872 to January 1876  James Trimble.
 V 50 BRITISH COLUMBIA
SECOND PARLIAMENT
25 Members.
Election: September 1875.
First Session: January 10, 1876, to February 1, 1876, and
April 6, 1876, to May 19, 1876.
Second Session: February 21, 1877, to April 18, 1877.
Third Session: February 7, 1878, to April 10, 1878.
Electoral District Members
Cariboo (3) Walkem, George Anthony, Q.C.
Davie, Alexander Edmund Batson (resigned May 15, 1877).
Evans, John.
Cowan, George (by-election, June 1877 [Davie]).
Comox (1)   Ash, John.
Cowichan (2)  ____.Smithe, William.
Pimbury, Edwin.
Esquimalt (2) Fisher, William.
Williams, Frederick.
Kootenay (2)  .....Vowell, Arthur W. (resigned June 3, 1876).
Gallagher, Charles.
Milby, William Cosgrove (by-election, August 1876 [Vowell];
died Oct. 1877).
Galbraith, Robert Leslie Thomas (by-election, Dec. 1877 [Milby]).
Lillooet (2) Brown, William .
Morrison, William.
Nanaimo (1)—-  Bryden, John (resigned Dec. 23, 1876).
Gordon, David William (by-election, Jan. 1877 [Bryden]).
New Westminster—-
City (1)    Dickinson, Robert.
District (2).  Brown, Ebenezer.
Armstrong, William James.
Victoria—
City (4) Beaven, Robert.
Trimble, James.
Elliott, Andrew Charles.
Douglas, James W.
District (2) Humphreys, Thomas Basil.
Tolmie, William Fraser.
Yale (3)  _  Mara, John Andrew.
Vernon, Forbes George.
Smith, Robert.
 Premier:
REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
Executive Council, Second Parliament, January 1876 to June 1878
to January 1876 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
V 51
February 1876 to June 1878 Andrew Charles Elliott.
Provincial Secretary:
 to January 1876  ...John Ash.
February 1876 to May 1877 Andrew Charles Elliott.
May 15, 1877, to June 1877 Alexander Edmund Batson Davie (lost seat in
June 1877 by-election).
June 1877 to June 1878 Andrew Charles Elliott.
Attorney-General:
to January 1876 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
February 1876 to June 1878 Andrew Charles Elliott.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
 — to January 1876 Robert Beaven.
February 1876 to June 1878 Forbes George Vernon.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to January 1876 William James Armstrong.
February 1876 to July 1876 Thomas Basil Humphreys
July 1876 to June 1878 William Smithe.
President of the Council:
February 1876 to June 1878 Ebenezer Brown.
Speaker:
January 1876 to April 1878— James Trimble.
 V 52
BRITISH COLUMBIA
THIRD PARLIAMENT
25 Members.
Election: June 1878.
First Session: July 29, 1878, to September 2, 1878.
Second Session: January 29, 1879 to April 29, 1879.
Third Session: April 5, 1880 to May 8, 1880.
Fourth Session: January 24, 1881 to March 25, 1881.
Fifth Session: February 23, 1882 to April 21, 1882.
Electoral District Members
Cariboo (3) Cowan, George.
Evans, John (died Sept. 1879).
Walkem, George Anthony, Q.C.
Ferguson, George (by-election), Nov. 1879 [Evans]).
Comox (1).
..._Ash, John.
Cowichan (2) Smithe, William.
Pimbury, Edwin.
Esquimalt (1).
.Williams, Frederick W.
Helgeson, Hans.
Kootenay (2) Gallagher, Charles.
Galbraith, Robert Leslie Thomas.
Lillooet (2).
.Brown, William M.
Saul, William.
Nanaimo (1)   Abrams, James Atkinson.
New Westminster—
City (1)   Brown, Ebenezer (resigned Nov. 1881).
Armstrong, William James (by-election Nov. 1881 [Brown]).
District (2) McGillvray, Donald.
Harris, Wellington.
Victoria—
City (4) Beaven, Robert.
Wilson, William.
Drummond, James Smith.
Williams, John William.
District (2) McIlmoyl, James Thomas.
Humphreys, Thomas Basil.
Yale (3) Mara, John Andrew.
Vernon, Forbes George.
Bennett, Preston.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
Executive Council, Third Parliament, June 1878 to 1882
Premier:
June 1878 to June 1882 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
Provincial Secretary:
June 1878 to  Thomas Basil Humphreys.
Attorney-General:
June 1878 to June 1882 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
June 1882 to ._  John Roland Hett.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
June 1878 to June 1882 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
June 1882 to   Robert Beaven.
Finance and Agriculture:
June 1878 to  Robert Beaven.
Mines:
June 1878 to    Thomas Basil Humphreys.
President of the Council:
June 1878 to June 1882 George Anthony Walkem, Q.C.
Speaker:
July 1878 to June 1882  ....Frederick W. Williams.
V 53
 V 54 BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOURTH PARLIAMENT
25 Members  (Constitution Act Amendment Act,  1878,
chap. 19, sec. 1).
Election: July 1882.
First Session: January 25-29, 1883, and February 19 to
May 12, 1883.
Second Session: December 3, 1883, to February 18, 1884.
Third Session: January 12, 1885, to March 9, 1885.
Fourth Session: January 25, 1886, to April 6, 1886.
Electoral District Members
Cariboo (3) Cowan, George.
Wilson, Charles.
McLeese, Robert.
Cassiar (1) (new) Grant, John.
Comox (1) Dingwall, William Munroe.
Cowichan (1, formerly 2). Smithe, William.
Esquimalt (2) Hett, John Roland (declared not elected; see Journals, 1883, p. 4).
Helgeson, Hans.
Pooley, Charles Edward (declared elected instead of J. R. Hett).
Kootenay (1, formerly 2).....Galbraith, Robert Leslie Thomas.
Lillooet (2) Davie, Alexander Edmund Batson.
Allen, Edward.
Nanaimo (2, formerly 1) Dunsmuir, Robert.
Raybould, William.
New Westminster—
City (1)   Armstrong, William James (resigned Apr. 8, 1884).
Cunningham, James (by-election, Apr. 1884 [Armstrong]).
District (2)  Robson, John.
Orr, James.
Victoria—
City (4)   Beaven, Robert.
Davie, Theodore.
Duck, Simeon.
Drake, Montague William Tyrwhitt, Q.C.
District (2) John, Robert Franklin.
McTavish, George Archibald.
Yale (3) _   _ Semlin, Charles Augustus.
Mara, John Andrew.
Bennett, Preston (died Aug. 1882; never took his seat in Legislature).
Martin, George Bohun (by-election, Oct. 1882 [Bennett]).
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 55
Executive Council, Fourth Parliament, July 1882 to June 1886
Premier:
June 1882 to January 1883  Robert Beaven.
January 1883 to  William Smithe.
Provincial Secretary:
 to August 1882 Thomas Basil Humphreys (failed to retain seat).
August 1882 to January 1883 William James Armstrong.
January 1883 to  John Robson.
Attorney-General:
 to January 1883 John Roland Hett (never sat in Legislature;
failed to win seat).
January 1883 to  Alexander Edmund Batson Davie.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
 to January 1883 Robert Beaven.
January 1883 to  William Smithe.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to January 1883 Robert Beaven.
January 1883 to March 1885 John Robson.
March 1885 to   Simeon Duck.
Mines:
 to August 1882 Thomas Basil Humphreys (failed to retain seat).
August 1882 to January 1883 William James Armstrong.
January 1883 to   John Robson.
President of the Council:
June 1882 to January 1883  Robert Beaven.
January 1883 to December 1884 Montague William Tyrwhitt Drake, Q.C.
December 1872 to  William Smithe.
Speaker:
January 1883 to June 1886. John Andrew Mara.
 V 56
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FIFTH PARLIAMENT
27 Members  (Constitution Act Amendment Act,  1885,
chap. 3, sec. 1).
Election
: June 1886.
First Session: January 24 to April 7, 1887.
Second Session: January 27 to April 28, 1888.
Third Session: January 31 to April 6, 1889.
Fourth Session: January 23 to April 26, 1890.
Electoral District
Members
Cariboo (3)	
Mason, Joseph.
McLeese, Robert (resigned October 26, 1888).
Cowan, George.
Nason, Ithiel Blake (by-election, Nov. 1888 [McLeese]).
Cassiar (1)   	
Grant, John.
Comox (1)	
Stenhouse, Anthony Maitland (resigned Dec. 12, 1887).
Humphreys, Thomas Basil (by-election, Jan. 1888 [Stenhouse]).
Cowichan (2, formerly 1)
Smithe, William (died Mar. 1887).
Croft, Henry.
Fry, Henry (by-election, May 1887 [Smithe]).
Esauimalt District (2 .	
Pooley, Charles Edward.
Higgins, David Williams.
Kootenay (1)
Baker, James.
Lillooet (2)	
Davie, Alexander Edmund Batson (died Aug. 1889).
Allen, Edward.
Smith, Alfred Wellington (by-election, Sept. 1889 [Davie]).
Nanaimo (2)	
Dunsmuir, Robert (died June 3, 1889).
Raybould, William (died Dec. 1886).
Thomson, George (by-election, Jan. 1887 [Raybould]).
Haslam, Andrew (by-election, June 1889 [Dunsmuir]).
New Westminster-
City (1)
Bole, William Norman (resigned Oct. 29, 1889).
Cunningham, Thomas (by-election, Nov. 1889 [Bole]).
District (3, formerly 2)
Robson, John.
Ladner, William Henry.
Orr, James.
Victoria—
City (4)
Beaven, Robert.
Prior, Edward Gawler (resigned Jan. 7, 1888).
Turner, John Herbert.
Davie, Theodore.
Duck, Simeon (by-election, Jan. 1888 [Prior]).
District (2)
John, Robert Franklin (resigned June 4, 1888).
Anderson, George William.
Tolmie, James (by-election, June 1888 [John]).
Yale (3)
Semlin, Charles Augustus.
Vernon, Forbes George.
Martin, George Bohun.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 57
Executive Council, Fifth Parliament, June 1886 to May 1890
Premier:
 to March 1887 William Smithe.
April 1887 to August 1889 Alexander Edmund Batson Davie  (died Aug.
1889)  (absent from the Province for health
reasons, Session of 1888).
January to April 1888 (acting) John Robson.
August 1889 to  John Robson.
Provincial Secretary:
 to  John Robson.
Attorney-General:
 to August 1889 Alexander Edmund Batson Davie (died Aug.
1889).
August 1889 to  Theodore Davie.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
 to March 1887 William Smithe.
April 1887 to August 1889 Forbes George Vernon.
August 1889 to  Theodore Davie.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to October 1886 Simeon Duck.
October 1886 to August 1887 John Robson.
August 1887 to  John Herbert Turner.
Mines:
 to     ..John Robson.
Minister Without Portfolio:
January 1888 to April 1888 Theodore Davie.
President of the Council:
 to April 1887 William Smithe.
April 1887 to August 1887 Alexander Edmund Batson Davie.
August 1887 to April 1889 Robert Dunsmuir.
April 1889 to August 1889 John Robson.
August 1889 to  Charles Edward Pooley.
Speaker:
January 1887 to April 1889.  Charles Edward Pooley.
January 1890 to May 1890 David Williams Higgins.
 V 58
BRITISH COLUMBIA
SIXTH PARLIAMENT
33 Members (Constitution Act Amendment Act, 1890).
Election: June 1890.
First Session: January 15 to April, 1891.
Second Session: January 28 to April 23, 1892.
Third Session: January 26 to April 12, 1893.
Fourth Session: January 18 to April 12, 1894.
Electoral District Members
Alberni (1) (new) Fletcher, Thomas.
Cariboo (3) Mason, Joseph (died Jan. 1891).
Rogers, Samuel Augustus.
Robson, John (died July 1892).
Nason, Ithiel Blake (by-election, January 1891 [Mason]) (died Aug.
1893).
Watt, Hugh (by-election, Aug. 1892 [Robson]).
Adams, William A. (by-election, Oct. 1893 [Nason]).
Cassiar (1)  .....Hall, Robert Hanley.
Comox (1) Hunter, Joseph.
Cowichan (2)   Davie, Theodore.
Croft, Henry.
Esquimalt (2)...  Pooley, Charles Edward.
Higgins, David Williams.
Islands District (1) (new).... Booth, John Paton.
Kootenay*—
East (1) (new) Baker, James.
West (1) (new) Kellie, James M.
Lillooet (2)	
Nanaimo—
City (1) (new).
District (2)	
- .Stoddart, David Alexander.
Smith, Alfred Wellington.
 Keith, Thomas.
 Forster, Thomas.
McKenzie, Colin Campbell.
New Westmintser City (1) Brown, John Cunningham.
Vancouver City (2) (new)....Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett.
Horne, James Welton.
Victoria1—
City (4) Grant, John.
Beaven, Robert.
Milne, George Lawson.
Turner, John Herbert.
District (2) Eberts, David McEwen.
Anderson, George William.
Westminster Ditsrict (3). .Robson, John (resigned Oct. 10, 1890).
Kitchen, Thomas Edward.
Punch, James.
Sword, Colin Buchanan (by-electionNov. 7, 1890 [Robson]).
Yale (3).
..Vernon, Forbes George.
Martin, George Bohun.
Semlin, Charles Augustus.
! Kootenay riding split into East and West.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
Executive Council, Sixth Parliament, June 1890 to June 1894
Premier:
 to June 1892 __.  John Robson (died July 1892).
July 1892 to  Theodore Davie, Q.C.
Provincial Secretary:
 to June 1892 John Robson (died July 1892).
July 1892 to September 1892 Theodore Davie, Q.C.
September 1892 to  James Baker.
Attorney-General:
 to   Theodore Davie, Q.C.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
 to July 1892 Theodore Davie, Q.C.
July 1892 to  Forbes George Vernon.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to   John Herbert Turner.
Mines:
 to June 1892 John Robson (died July 1892).
July 1892 to September 1892 Theodore Davie, Q.C.
September 1892 to    James Baker.
Education and Immigration:
May 1892 to  James Baker.
President of the Council:
 to  Charles Edward Pooley, Q.C.
Speaker:
January 1891 to June 1894 David Williams Higgins.
V 59
 V 60
BRITISH COLUMBIA
SEVENTH PARLIAMENT
33 Members (Legislative Electorates and Elections Act, 1894, chap. 26, s. 2).
Election:  July 1894.
First Session:  November 12, 1894, to February 21, 1895.
Second Session: January 23 to April 17, 1896.
Third Session:  February 8 to May 8, 1897.
Fourth Session:  February 10 to May 20, 1898.
Electoral District Members
Cariboo (2) Adams, William A.
Rogers, Samuel A.
Cassiar (1) Irving, John.
Chilliwhack* (1) (new) Kitchen, Thomas Edward (died Apr. 5, 1897).
Vedder, Adam Swart (by-election, May 7, 1897 [Kitchen]).
Comox (1) Hunter, Joseph.
Cowichan-Alberni (2) (new)..Davie, Theodore (resigned March 1895 to become Chief Justice).
Mutter, James Mitchell.
Huff, George Albert (by-election, Oct. 5, 1895 [Davie]).
Delta* (1) (new).
. Forster, Thomas.
Dewdney* (1) (new) Sword, Colin Buchanan.
Esquimalt (2) Pooley, Charles Edward.
Higgins, David Williams.
Kootenay—
East (1) Baker, James.
North (1) Kellie, James M.
South (1) Hume, John Frederick.
Lillooet—
East (1) Prentice, James Douglas (seat contested May 1895).
Stoddart, David Alexander (elected May 1895).
West (1) Smith, Alfred Wellington.
Nanaimo—
City (1) McGregor, J.
North (1) Bryden, John.
South (1)   Walkem, W. W.
New Westminster City (1)....Kennedy, J. B.
Richmond* (1) (new) Kidd, Thomas.
Vancouver City (3) Williams, A.
McPherson, Robert.
Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett.
Victoria—
City (4) Rithet, R. P.
Turner, John Herbert
Helmcken, Harry Dallas.
Braden, John.
North (1) (new) Booth, John Paton.
South (1) (new) Eberts, David McEwen.
Yale-
East (1) (new)  ..Graham, D.
North (1) (new) Martin, George Bohun.
West (1) (new) Semlin, Charles Augustus.
* Westminister District divided into four ridings—Chilliwhack, Delta, Dewdney, Richmond.
 Premier:
REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 61
Executive Council, Seventh Parliament, July 1894 to August 1898
to March 1895 Theodore Davie, Q.C. (resigned Mar. 1895 to
become Chief Justice).
March 1895 to August 1898 John Herbert Turner.
Provincial Secretary:
 to August 1898 James Baker.
Attorney-General:
 to March 1895  Theodore Davie, Q.C. (resigned Mar. 1895 to
become Chief Justice).
March 1895 to August 1898 David McEwen Eberts, Q.C.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
 to October 1894 Forbes George Vernon.
November 1894 to August 1898 George Bohun Martin.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to August 1898 John Herbert Turner.
Mines:
 to August 1898   James Baker.
Education and Immigration:
 to August 1898 James Baker.
President of the Council:
 to August 1898 Charles Edward Pooley, Q.C.
Speaker:
November 1894 to August 1898 David Williams Higgins.
 V 62 BRITISH COLUMBIA
EIGHTH PARLIAMENT
38 Members (Legislative Electorates and Elections Act, 1894, chap. 26).
Election:  August 1898.
First Session:  January 5 to February 27, 1899.
Second Session:  January 4 to March, 1900.
Electoral District Members
Alberni (1) (new) Neill, Alan Webster.
Cariboo (2) Helgeson, Hans.
Kinchant, John Charlton.
Cassiar (2).  Clifford, Charles William Digby.
Irving, John.
Comox (1) Dunsmuir, James.
Cowichan (1) (new) Robertson, William Russell.
Esquimalt (2)  Pooley, Charles Edward.
Bullen, William Fitzherbert (declared not elected Nov. 14, 1898;
see Journals, 1899, p. xxx).
Higgins, David Williams (declared elected instead of W. F. Bullen).
East Kootenay (new)—
North Riding (1) Neilson, William George (died Jan. 1899; never took his seat in
Legislature).
Wells, Wilmer Cleveland (by-election, Feb. 1899 [Neilson]).
South Riding (1) Baker, James.
West Kootenay (new) —
Nelson Riding (1) Hume, John Frederick.
Revelstoke (1) Kellie, James M.
Rossland Riding (1) Martin, James Morris.
Slocan Riding (1) Green, Robert Francis.
Lillooet—
East Riding (1) Prentice, James Douglas.
West Riding (1) Smith, Alfred Wellington.
Nanaimo—
City (1) McKechnie, Robert Edward.
North (1)  Bryden, John.
South (1)  Smith, Ralph.
New Westminster City (1)___ Henderson, Alexander.
Westminster—
Chilliwhack (1) Munro, Charles William.
Delta Riding (1) Forster, Thomas.
Dewdney (1) McBride, Richard.
Richmond (1) Kidd, Thomas.
Vancouver City (4, 1 new)___Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett.
Martin, Joseph.
McPherson, Robert.
Tisdall, Charles Edward.
Victoria—
City (4)  ..Helmcken, Harry Dallas.
Turner, John Herbert.
Hall, Richard.
McPhillips, Albert Edward.
North (1) Booth, John Paton.
South (1) Eberts, David McEwen.
Yale-
East Riding (1).....  Ellison, Price.
North Riding (1) Deane, Francis John.
West Riding (1) Semlin, Charles Augustus.
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 63
Executive Council, Eighth Parliament, August 1898 to June 1900
Premier:
August 1898 to February 1900 Charles Augustus Semlin.
February 1900 to June 1900 Joseph Martin.
Provincial Secretary:
August 1898 to March 1899 John Frederick Hume.
March 1899 to February 1900 Charles Augustus Semlin.
February 1900 to March 1900 James Stuart Yates.
March 1900 to June 1900 George W. Beebe.
Attorney-General:
August 1898 to July 1899 Joseph Martin.
August 1899 to February 1900  Alexander Henderson.
February 1900 to June 1900 Joseph Martin.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
August 1898 to March 1899—  Charles Augustus Semlin.
March 1899 to February 1900..  Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton.
March 1900 to June 1900 James Stuart Yates.
Finance and Agriculture:
August 1898 to February 1900 Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton.
March 1900 to April 1900   Smith Curtis.
April 1900 to May 1900   Cory Spencer Ryder (Jr.).
May 1900 to June 1900 John Cunningham Brown.
Mines:
August 1898 to March 1899 John Frederick Hume.
March 1899 to February 1900 Charles Augustus Semlin.
February 1900 to June 1900 Smith Curtis.
Education:
August 1898 to March 1900 Joseph Martin (acting).
March 1900 to June 1900 James Stuart Yates.
Member Without Portfolio:
August 1898 to February 1900 Robert Edward McKechnie.
Speaker:
January 1899 to March 1900 Thomas Forster.
 V 64 BRITISH COLUMBIA
NINTH PARLIAMENT
38 Members.
Election: June 1900.
First Session:  July 19 to August 31, 1900.
Second Session: February 21 to May 11, 1901.
Third Session:  February 20 to June 21, 1902.
Fourth Session:  April 2 to June 4, 1903.
Electoral District Members
Alberni (1) Neill, Alan Webster.
Cariboo (2) Hunter, Joseph.
Rogers, Samuel Augustus.
Cassiar (2) Clifford, Charles William Digby.
Stables, James.
Comox (1) Mounce, Lewis Alfred.
Cowichan (1) Dickie, Charles Herbert.
Esquimalt (2) Hayward, William Henry.
Pooley, Charles Edward.
East Kootenay—
North Riding (1) Wells, Wilmer Cleveland (resigned May 27, 1903).
South Riding (1) Smith, Edwin C.
West Kootenay—
Nelson Riding (1) Houston, John.
Revelstoke Riding (1) Taylor, Thomas.
Rossland Riding (1) Curtis, Smith.
Slocan Riding (1) Green, Robert Francis.
Lillooet—
East Riding (1) Prentice, James Douglas.
West Riding (1) Smith, Alfred Wellington.
Nanaimo—
City (1) Smith, Ralph (resigned February 1901).
Hawthornthwaite, James Hurst (by-election, Feb. 1901 [Smith]).
North (1) McInnes, William Wallace Burns.
South (1) Dunsmuir, James.
New Westminster City (1)___.Brown, John Cunningham (resigned Sept. 4, 1901).
Gifford, Thomas (by-election, Sept. 1901 [Brown]).
Westminster—
Chilliwhack Riding (1).__. Munro, Charles William.
Delta Riding (1) Oliver, John.
Dewdney Riding (1) McBride, Richard.
Richmond Riding (1) Kidd, Thomas.
Vancouver City (4) Garden, James Ford  (resigned to run for Federal House;   reelected, by-election, Feb. 19, 1901).
Martin, Joseph.
Tatlow, Robert Garnet.
Gilmour, Hugh Bowie.
Victoria—
City (4) Helmcken, Harry Dallas.
Hall, Richard.
Turner, John Herbert (resigned Sept. 3, 1901, to become Agent-
General).
McPhillips, Albert Edward.
Prior, Edward Gawler (by-election, Mar. 1902 [Turner]).
North (1) Booth, John Paton (died Feb. 26, 1902).
Paterson, Thomas Wilson (by-election, Dec. 1902 [Booth]).
South (1) Eberts, David McEwen (resigned May 27, 1903).
Yale-
East Riding (1) Ellison, Price.
North Riding (1) Fulton, Frederick John.
West Riding (1) Murphy, Dennis (resigned Jan. 1903).
Semlin, Charles Augustus (by-election, Feb. 1903 [Murphy]).
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973 V 65
Executive Council, Ninth Parliament, June 1900 to June 1903
Premier:
June 1900 to November 1902 James Dunsmuir.
November 1902 to June 1903 Edward Gawler Prior.
June 1903 to  Richard McBride.
Provincial Secretary:
June 1900 to September 1901 James Douglas Prentice.
September 1901 to November 1902..... John Cunningham Brown.
November 22-30, 1902 Denis Murphy.
December 1902 to June 1903  ...William Wallace Burns McInnes.
June 1903 to September 1903 Robert Francis Green.
September 1903 to November 1903 Arthur Samuel Goodeve.
Attorney-General:
June 1900 to May 1903 David McEwen Eberts.
June 1903 to November 1903 Albert Edward McPhillips, K.C.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
June 1900 to May 1903 Wilmer Cleveland Wells.
June 1903 to November 1903 Richard McBride.
Finance and Agriculture:
June 1900 to September 1901 John Herbert Turner.
September 1901 to June 1903 James Douglas Prentice.
June 1903 to  Robert Garnett Tatlow.
Mines:
June 1900 to September 1901 Richard McBride.
February 1902 to June 1903 Edward Gawler Prior.
June 1903 to November 1903  Robert Francis Green.
Education:
June 1900 to September 1901 James Douglas Prentice.
September 1901 to November 1902 John Cunningham Brown.
November 22-30, 1902 Denis Murphy.
December 1902 to June 1903 William Wallace Burns McInnes.
June 1903 to September 1903 Robert Francis Green.
September 1903 to Otcober 1903 Arthur Samuel Goodeve.
President of the Council:
June 1900 to November 1902 James Dunsmuir.
November 1902 to June 1903 William Wallace Burns McInnes.
June 2-4, 1903 Robert Garnett Tatlow.
June 1903 to November 1903 Charles Wilson, K.C.
Speaker:
July 1900 to February 1902 ..John Paton Booth (died Feb. 26, 1902).
February 1902 to June 1903  ....Charles Edward Pooley.
 V 66 BRITISH COLUMBIA
TENTH PARLIAMENT
42 Members (Redistribution Act, 1902, chap. 58).
Election: October 1903.
First Session: November 26, 1903, to February 10, 1904.
Second Session: February 9 to April 8, 1905.
Third Session: January 11 to March 12, 1906.
Electoral District Members
Alberni McInnes, William Wallace Burns (Lib.) (resigned June 1905).
Manson, William (Cons.) (by-election, July 1905 [McInnes]).
Atlin Young, Henry Esson (Cons.).
Cariboo (2)__  Murphy, James (Lib.).
Jones, Harry (Lib.).
Chilliwack   Munro, Charles William (Lib.).
Columbia Wells, Wilmer Cleveland (Lib.).
Comox Grant, Robert (Cons.).
Cowichan Evans, John Newell (Lib.).
Cranbrook King, James Horace (Lib.).
Delta Oliver, John (Lib.).
Dewdney McBride, Richard (Cons.).
Esquimalt   Pooley, Charles Edward (Cons.).
Fernie Ross, William Roderick (Cons.).
Grand Forks  Fraser, George Arthur (Cons.).
Greenwood   Brown, John Robert (Lib.).
The Islands Paterson, Thomas Wilson (Lib.).
Kamloops Fulton, Frederick John (Cons.).
Kaslo Green, Robert Francis (Cons.).
Lillooet McDonald, Archibald (Cons.).
Nanaimo City Hawthornthwaite, James Hurst (Soc).
Nelson City Houston, John (Ind.).
Newcastle Williams, Parker (Soc.).
New Westminster City ...Gifford, Thomas (Lib.).
Okanagan Ellison, Price (Cons.).
Revelstoke   Taylor, Thomas (Cons.).
Richmond Carter-Cotton, Francis Lovett (Cons.).
Rossland City MacDonald, James Alexander (Lib.).
Saanich   Tanner, Henry Ernest (Lib.).
Similkameen Shatford, Lytton Wilmot (Cons.).
Skeena Clifford, Charles William Digby (Ind.).
Slocan    Davidson, William (Ind.).
Vancouver City (5) Tatlow, Robert Garnett (Cons.).
Garden, James Ford (Cons.).
Wilson, Charles (Cons.).
Bowser, William John (Cons.).
MacGowan, Alexander Henry Boswell (Cons.).
Victoria City (4)   Cameron, William George (Lib.).
Drury, Richard Low (Lib.).
McNiven, James Dugald (Lib.).
Hall, Richard (Lib.).
Yale Henderson, Stuart (Lib.).
Ymir   Wright, Harry (Ind.).
 REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY,  1973
Executive Council, Tenth Parliament, June 1903 to December 1907
Premier:
 to February 1907 Richard McBride.
Provincial Secretary:
November 1903 to May 1904 Richard McBride.
May 1904 to December 1906 Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
December 1906 to February 1907 William Manson.
Attorney-General:
November 1903 to March 1906 Charles Wilson, K.C.
March 1906 to February 1907 Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
November 1903 to December 1906 Robert Francis Green.
December 1906 to February 1907 Robert Garnett Tatlow.
Finance and Agriculture:
 to February 1907 Robert Garnett Tatlow.
Mines:
November 1903 to February 1907 Richard McBride.
Education:
May 1904 to December 1906 Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
December 1906 to February 1907 William Manson.
President of the Council:
November 1903 to June 1904 Frederick John Fulton, K.C.
June 1904 to February 1907 Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton.
Speaker:
November 1903 to December 1906 Charles Edward Pooley.
V 67
 V 68 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Appendix B
Reports to Be Tabled by the Department of the Provincial Secretary at the Fourth
Session of the Thirtieth Legislative Assembly, Spring 1974
Capital Improvement District Commission, Year Ended
Statement of Receipts and Disbursements  _  March 31, 1973
Civil Service Commission   December 31, 1973
College Pension     August 31, 1973
Department of the Provincial Secretary   December 31, 1973
Indian Advisory Committee   December 31, 1973
Library Development Commission   March 31, 1973
Members of the Legislative Assembly Superannuation     March 31, 1973
Municipal Superannuation  _  December 31, 1972
Public Service Group Insurance      June 30, 1973
Public Service Superannuation March 31, 1973
Queen's Printer Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement...  March 31, 1973
Teachers' Pensions  December 31, 1972
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1974

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