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  The Honourable Waldo M. Skillings
Minister of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce
  To Colonel the Honourable John R. Nicholson, P.C, O.B.E., Q.C., LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
I beg to submit the Report of the Department of Industrial Development, Trade,
and Commerce for the year ended December 31, 1971.
Minister of Industrial Development,
Trade, and Commerce
 To the Honourable Waldo M. Skillings,
Minister of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce,
Victoria, British Columbia.
Sir: I have the honour to submit herewith the Report of the Department of
Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce for the year ended December 31,
Director, Bureau of Economics and
Douglas Building, 617 Government Street,
Victoria, British Columbia
Honourable Waldo M. Skillings, Minister
M. H. A. Glover, Executive Director, Eco- G. Geddes, Administrative Officer (Finance
nomic Research and Personnel)
J. R. Meredith, Director G. R. Knight, Assistant Director (on leave)
J. L. I'Anson, Economist
R. W. Kersey, Industry Development Officer D. H. T. Mollison, Trade Development Of
421 Menzies Street, Victoria
A. G. Lockyer, Manager, Systems and Pro- G. A. Spring, Manager, Operations
1-3 Regent Street, London S.W. 1 Y, 4 N S, England (telephone 01-930-6857)
Rear Admiral M. G. Stirling, RCN(Rtd), Agent-General F. C. MacKay, Trade Commissioner
599 Market Street, San Francisco, Calif. 94105, U.S.A. (telephone (213)-981-4780)
[Vacant] Commissioner for Trade and Tour- S. C. Turbis, Assistant Industry and Trade
ism Commissioner
3303 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, Calif. 90010, U.S.A. (telephone (213)-380-9261)
L. Nevraumont, Industry and Trade Commissioner
Suite 1100, 475 Howe Street, Vancouver 2, British Columbia
J. N. Hyland, President D. K. Brown, Executive Director
Minister of Industrial Development,
Trade, and Commerce
Bureau of
Economics and
Trade Office
Executive Director,
Economic Research
Data Processing
British Columbia House,
London, England
British Columbia House-
San Francisco,
Los Angeles,
Calif., U.S.A.
British Columbia Economy, 1971  11
Economic Summary, 1967-71 (graphs)  13
General Departmental Affairs  14
Economics and Statistics  14
Industrial and Trade Office  17
Data Processing  20
British Columbia House, London, England  22
British Columbia House, San Francisco, and British Columbia House, Los
Angeles  24
Fifth British Columbia International Trade Fair, 1971  25
British Columbia Research Council  25
Spotlight on Industrial Expansion  26
The British Columbia economy continued to expand during 1971 with a general
recovery from the slowdown of 1970. Strong gains in new capital investment and
consumer spending provided much of the economy's strength during the year.
Increased mortgage funds, greater emphasis on low-income housing and lower
interest rates contributed to a large increase in residential construction in both
Canada and the United States. As a result, shipments of lumber to the United
States and to other parts of Canada were considerably higher than last year and
prices were also up.
The past year was one of crisis in the international monetary system. The
public was made painfully aware of these difficulties on August 15 when President
Nixon announced a programme including imposition of import surcharges, a wage-
price freeze, and a floating American dollar. In addition to imposing a burden on
British Columbia exporters to the United States, these measures called for major
adjustments in the economies of our overseas customers. Although Mr. Nixon's
moves are expected to provide benefits over the longer run, the short-run adjustments
were generally detrimental.
The population of British Columbia as of June 1, 1971, was estimated at
2,196,000, an increase of 2.8 per cent over June 1, 1970, and fully twice the gain
of 1.4 per cent in the Canadian population. As a result of the continued inward
movement of migrants and the coming-of-age of those persons born in the postwar
"baby boom," the Province's labour force grew by 33,000. This represented an
increase of 3.8 per cent in the labour force, but the pace of economic activity was
such that more jobs were created during the year and the unemployment rate was
reduced. Greater employment coupled with higher average wage rates led to a
major advance in consumer expenditures.
The construction industry recorded impressive gains in all sectors over 1970
when a prolonged work stoppage was experienced. The total value of all new and
repair investment in the Province reached $3.7 billion, more than 22 per cent higher
than the previous year. Housing starts, at 35,000, were up 28 per cent. The most
impressive gains, in percentage terms, were recorded in the primary resource industries. The long period required for planning and execution of large resource projects
resulted in major outlays in the forest and mineral industries, even though both
were experiencing some marketing difficulties.
The mining industry continued to establish new records, with the value of
mineral production exceeding the half-billion-dollar mark for the first time. Although
prices and demand for most metals were generally lower than a year ago, Provincial
sales were higher as new mines came into production. Coal production and shipments also forged well ahead of last year as the industry strove to meet long-term
sales commitments with the Japanese steel industry. The Province's second major
coal development in the East Kootenays was nearing completion by the end of
the year. Mining commenced at the Island Copper mine on northern Vancouver
Island, while construction work continued at major copper developments near
Princeton, Granisle, Williams Lake, and in the Highland Valley.
The coastal fishing industry enjoyed a much better year than was anticipated.
Wholesale value of the year's harvest was $115 million.
British Columbia industry, which relies heavily on export sales, was adversely
affected by the United States' actions in the monetary and tariff fields. In addition,
the Canadian dollar continued to float upward, reaching parity with the United
States dollar late in October. Exporters were confronted with measures designed
to reduce their sales to the United States while at the same time they were forced to
absorb additional exchange and tariff costs in order to keep their products competitively priced.   In spite of these difficulties, the total value of Canadian exports
exceeded the 1970 level and a large merchandise trade surplus was recorded,
although below 1970's record $2.95 billion surplus. Exports through British Columbia customs ports reached a record $2.7 billion, in large part due to major
wheat sales to China and increased exports to the United States. Coal, chemical
products, natural gas, oilseeds, fertilizer and fertilizer materials also posted important export advances. Gains in the value of imports were widespread, with automobiles, communications equipment, iron and steel, and food and beverages accounting
for the major share. The United States remained as the Province's leading customer,
followed by Japan, the United Kingdom, and the European Common Market, in
that order.
Shipments through the Port of Vancouver jumped to record levels in 1971.
Closure of United States docks on the Pacific coast due to a longshoremen's strike
caused many ships carrying goods destined for American ports to be diverted to
British Columbia. American logs for export were also handled in volume at points
on Vancouver Island.
Although a cool, damp spring threatened to seriously curtail tourist activity,
an improvement in the weather was accompanied by strong gains in the number of
visitors from other parts of Canada and the United States. Revenue from the travel
industry continued its steady upward trend, reaching $480 million.
A review of manufacturing firms beginning or expanding operations in British
Columbia during the year indicates that a major portion of capital investment was
in the forest product industries, as is to be expected since the Province's timber
resources can be more intensively utilized. However, the industrial base continues
to be widened with an increasing number of firms manufacturing a variety of
products. Significant additions in 1971—either under construction or beginning
production—included plants for the manufacture of food and beverages, trailers,
modular housing, automotive parts, machinery, electronics, furniture, building
materials, recreational vehicles, clothing, and fibreglass and plastic products.
The economy of British Columbia is highly dependent upon export trade, and
the outlook for our trade position in 1972 is somewhat clouded, primarily because
of the United States surcharge and measures to turn around the American merchandise trade deficit. However, if these measures are successful—and present information suggests that the United States economy will expand appreciably in 1972—
the result should be beneficial to British Columbia. Adjustments forced by the
United States programme are likely to lead to a reduction in economic growth rates
in Europe and Japan, and this will be reflected in the Province's overseas trade;
however, gains in North America should more than offset any declines in other parts
of the world.
Although the upturn evident in the economy in the first half of 1971 was
dampened by the actions of the United States, the outlook for 1972 seems promising,
largely because of the demand for the products of our resource industries. Any
recovery in the American economy in 1972 should improve the outlook for the pulp
and paper industry. There remains an unsatisfied demand in North America for
housing, and other sectors of the construction industry anticipate a fairly good year,
with the result that demand for building materials should remain strong into 1972.
The mineral industry will continue to be a stabilizing force in 1972, although a
drop in exploration activity is cause for concern. A number of large, new mining
projects will be brought to production in the coming year and long-term sales contracts for a major portion of mineral output ensure continued production at operating
Number Employed
Private and Public
Timber Scaled
Factory Shipments
£     3,800
2     3,600
|     3,400
Mineral Production
1 1971 estimated.
2 Through British Columbia customs ports.
The principal objective of the Department of Industrial Development, Trade,
and Commerce in 1971 was the expansion of the Province's industrial and trade
foundations in order to provide opportunities and employment for British Columbia's
increasing population. Established businesses were given assistance and advice
regarding markets, market trends, new products, new and improved processes, etc.
Domestic and export trade were researched, advocated, and supported by the Department. New industrial and commercial enterprises were vigorously encouraged
and promoted. The Bureau of Economics and Statistics supported the programme
and objectives of the entire Department by conducting economic and statistical
research embracing a broad range of pertinent subjects. Through its data processing
centre, the Department provided extensive computer services to other Government
departments and agencies.
Representatives of many manufacturing and commercial firms, financial institutions, and prospective manufacturing organizations visited and consulted the
Department to seek information regarding resources, transportation, raw materials,
markets, site locations, population, financing, etc., which will assist them in studying
the feasibility of establishing new or expanded facilities in the Province. The Department staff answered numerous requests for information on many aspects of the
British Columbia economy such as location sites, availability of raw material, electric power, water supply, services, and education. Information on the services and
facilities offered by the British Columbia Research Council on matters relating to
industrial and scientific research was provided. In addition, officers of the Department travelled throughout the Province to assist new, established, and expanding
businesses, as well as industrial commissions and regional, civic, and municipal
During 1971 the Department co-operated with other British Columbia Government departments; the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority; Federal
Government departments; various boards of trade and chambers of commerce;
municipal, civic, and regional governments; manufacturing and trade associations;
industrial commissions; railway industrial agents; and foreign trade representatives
in Canada and abroad.
The Department continued its programme of sponsoring regional district economic surveys and regional industrial expansion brochures. In 1971 the Department co-operated in a Feasibility Study of a Steel and Pipe Manufacturing Plant and
an Economic Study of the Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine.
The Bureau of Economics and Statistics during 1971 performed a broad variety
of duties related to the economic and industrial development of the Province.
The Bureau's staff includes 11 professional research officers, three economists,
a librarian, and a support staff of 14. During the summer, two student research
officers undertook specific assignments. The personnel of the Bureau include officers with expertise in special fields such as forestry, mining, transportation, travel
industry, external trade, labour, fishing, and agriculture, as well as economic research, analysis, and forecasting. In July 1971, Mr. G. R. Knight, Assistant
Director of the Bureau of Economics and Statistics, was granted leave of absence
to accept a special assignment with the United Nations in Saudi Arabia.
Throughout the year the Bureau continued to prepare and publish monthly
and annual reports dealing with economic trends and industrial growth in the
Province. These studies provide the business community with a broad range of
information on developments in industry, foreign trade, transportation, and primary
resource expansion at Provincial, national, and international levels. This service
assists business organizations to relate and evaluate their own operations in terms of
the total economy. Members of the staff attended and participated in several conferences and seminars in British Columbia and elsewhere during 1971. These
meetings were invaluable as they covered a variety of pertinent subjects and permitted a free interchange of ideas among representatives of Government, business,
industry, and labour.
The Bureau worked in close co-operation during 1971 with other Government
departments and agencies such as Departments of Finance; Labour; Agriculture;
Mines and Petroleum Resources; Lands, Forests, and Water Resources; Travel Industry; Rehabilitation and Social Improvement; and Municipal Affairs. This
activity included joint studies and the provision of statistics and economic analysis.
In addition to its duties of providing data on the general economy, the Bureau
does important work designed to foster industrial development in the Province. This
includes preparation of specific industry studies, commodity studies, and comprehensive economic studies of specific regions within the Province, including studies
on northern infrastructure and coal movements through British Columbia ports.
Answers to numerous requests from industry for statistical and market information
are also provided whenever possible.
The library of the Branch continued to ensure that the latest select economic
and Government publications were available for the work of the Department. In
addition, the leading current industrial, trade, commerce, business, and economics
journals are received and kept on file. The library is regarded as one of the most
complete and comprehensive sources of economic and statistical data in the Province.
A list of the publications issued by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics in
1971, along with a brief description of each, follows:
Bulletin of Business Activity—a monthly summary and review of current economic and business activities. The bulletin contains statistical data showing comparisons to the previous month and the same month of the preceding year. This publication also contains special articles of current
Summary of Economic Activity—an annual summary and review of the economic pattern of the current year. It contains a statistical supplement
covering the past 10 years. This publication is issued at the end of the
current year.
British Columbia Business Outlook—a study of the prospects for business for
the coming year.   It is issued annually at the end of the current year.
External Trade Through British Columbia Customs Ports—an annual report
which provides both detailed and summary tables showing exports and
imports through British Columbia customs ports. Data by commodity
and by country as well as graphs are included.
British Columbia Regional Salary and Wage Rate Survey—an annual study
of wage rates for selected occupations and industries in British Columbia.
The information contained in this publication is useful for inter-regional
as well as inter-industry salary and wage rate comparisons. It also provides regional information not available elsewhere.
Industrial Expansion in British Columbia—a quarterly publication listing and
describing projects completed, projects commenced, and projects proposed
for each quarter by census division. The Bureau also produces an annual
of the year's activities under the same categories.
British Columbia Facts and Statistics—a handy-sized booklet which presents
factual and statistical information relating to the economic and social
characteristics of the Province. It also summarizes the economic growth
which has taken place during the past decade.   It is an annual publication.
British Columbia Trade Directory, 1971—contains a listing of Provincial manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, and their products. This
report, issued periodically, is a consolidation of the British Columbia
Manufacturers' Directory and the British Columbia Wholesale Directory.
British Columbia Manual of Resources and Development—provides a visual
presentation (maps, charts, etc.) of the resources of the Province. The
manual presents concise and current data on human, forest, mineral, agricultural, fish, and water resources of British Columbia. This report is
published periodically.
Forecasts of Population Growth in British Columbia to the Year 2000—first in
the series of studies dealing with population and labour force projections
in the Province. This report examines changes in age-group distribution,
regional populations, and other components of population growth over
the next 30 years.
Net Migration to British Columbia, 1951-1970—second in the series of studies
dealing with population and labour-force projections in the Province. This
report portrays the impact of migration on British Columbia's population
in terms of growth and composition.
Fertility Rates in British Columbia—third in the series of studies dealing with
population and labour-force projections in the Province. This report
examines the trends in birth rates with a view to determining probable
effects on future population growths.
Forecasts of Labour Force Growth in British Columbia to the Year 2000—
fourth in the series of studies dealing with population and labour force
projections in the Province. This study analyses the effects of the forecast population on the size and composition of the future labour force.
Metal Forming, a British Columbia Industry Study—a general overview of
British Columbia's metal-forming industry, based on a survey of the industry. The study, which comments on factors hindering industry growth
and existing manufacturing opportunities, provides a list of firms, products,
and machine capabilities.
Welding Rod and Wire, a British Columbia Industry Study—a report designed
to encourage investigation into the feasibility of expanding the manufacture of welding-rods and wire in the Province.
Mobile Homes in British Columbia, a Socio-Economic Study—provides a comprehensive description of mobile-home parks in the Province, characterizes
mobile-home owners, and analyses the demand for mobile homes and
their manufacture.
Confectionery Industry, a British Columbia Industry Study—examines the
production, consumption, and potential market for confectionery products,
emphasizing the prospects for expanding the industry in British Columbia.
Growth Trends in the Japanese Economy—a brief monograph which reviews
the economic development of Japan.
Trade in the 197O's—a monograph which reviews trends in exports and imports through British Columbia customs ports in the 1960's and discusses
possible future trends in the 1970's. Major market areas and principal
classes of commodities are reviewed in the report.
The Role of Exports in the Economy oj British Columbia—a monograph which
assesses the economic impact of export activity in British Columbia as
compared to Canada and a number of major industrial nations.
A General Review of Unemployment in British Columbia During the Post-War
Period—This study reviews unemployment in British Columbia during the
post-war period and examines the extent of unemployment and its underlying causes and provides a statistical economic framework for those
persons concerned with unemployment.
Selected Manufacturing Opportunities in British Columbia—a survey of select
commodities designed to inform the business community of the extent of
the import market and the opportunity for potential domestic production.
British Columbia Fabricated Forest Product Exports, 1970—an analysis of
both United States and off-shore markets for fabricated forest products
exports during 1970. The study indicates areas in which continued
growth may be expected.
The Okanagan-Shuswap Region, a British Columbia Economic Study—prepared for the Okanagan Study Committee as commissioned by the Socio-
Economic Task Force under the auspices of the Canada-British Columbia
Okanagan Basin Agreement. The study describes in detail the past, present, and likely future economic base of the Okanagan-Shuswap Region of
British Columbia.
The California Market—a study for British Columbia businessmen. This
report examines the California market and economy and suggests areas
and products meriting investigation. The report also provides detailed
listings of California imports and information on products exported to
California from British Columbia and other Canadian provinces.
During 1971 this office was active in assisting existing industries and encouraging the development of new industries and commercial enterprises in British Columbia. The office assisted in securing data on location sites, furnished composite
industrial maps on specific areas, advised on availability of raw materials, and provided information on the services offered by municipal, regional, and Provincial
associations. This work was carried out in close co-operation with other British
Columbia departments of Government, the British Columbia Hydro and Power
Authority, Federal Government departments, boards of trade, chambers of commerce, and Industrial Commissioners.
A continued programme of selected mailing contacts was carried out to encourage branch plants to locate in British Columbia. In response to inquiries
received through this mailing campaign, the Industrial Development Officer visited
22 plants in Ontario during the month of May. Executives of five of these plants
indicated a continuing interest in locating a branch operation in British Columbia.
Products currently being manufactured by these eastern companies include such
products as welded-steel thinwall electrical conduit, transformers, and cabinet console accessories; wood furniture; pumps and filters; traffic markers; speed-control
switches; bathroom cabinets; decorative mirrors; and cultured marble occasional
contactor vessel (450 tons)
A representative of the office also took part in the Annual California Tourist
Promotion project and had an opportunity to speak to numerous service clubs on
the industrial development taking place in the Province.
Areas visited during the year to discuss industrial development programmes
included Cranbrook, Kimberley, Castlegar, Trail, Nelson, Creston, Nanaimo, Courtenay, Campbell River, and Terrace. The office worked closely with the Federal
Government on the designated Kootenay areas and answered many inquiries on the
incentive programme. In co-operation with the Federal Department of Regional
Economic Expansion, special Industrial Development Training Courses were held
at B.C. Research in Vancouver and in Grand Forks. The office supplied one of the
six instructors used in this course.
During the year this office published a new edition of the Handicraft Directory,
a new Directory of Industrial Parks and Sites, and a new edition of the Regional
Investment Opportunities Study.
The office was also responsible for construction and design of a large pictorial
and statistical display which was used in the British Columbia International Trade
Fair, and later transferred to a permanent position in the British Columbia Pavilion
at th; PNE. Vancouver.
During the year under review the Trade and Industry Bulletin completed 22
years of continuous publication listing trade inquiries, export opportunities, manufacture under licence agreements available to British Columbia firms, notice of
tender, and news of general commercial interest. The increased use of the bulletin
by the trade representatives of other nations bears out the importance of this publication to commercial and industrial organizations in western Canada.
As an aid to businessmen, the publication Setting up an Export-Import Business
was revised. This report lists sources of information, useful publications, foreign
government representatives located in the Province, and a great deal of other data
of special interest to businessmen contemplating export or import operations.
Members of the Industrial and Trade Office maintain a programme of visits to
secondary industries with a view to stimulating Provincial export trade. This cooperative effort has resulted in 90 British Columbia firms being added to the
Canadian Exporters Directory.
The Trade Office has continued a vigorous campaign to help foreign manufacturers establish representatives in British Columbia. The Trade Office works
closely with members of the Vancouver Consular Corps and the programme has been
highly successful, and an increasing number of British Columbia-based distributors
have been established to serve the western Canadian market.
The services of the Industrial and Trade Office continue to expand and have
proven to be of major importance to Government representatives and businessmen
from foreign countries who visit the Province. Assistance in organizing itineraries,
conferences, and briefing sessions on the economic development in British Columbia
have been arranged by the Industrial and Trade representatives of the Department.
The Data Processing Centre in the Department is the Government's central
computer and systems service bureau. It is located on the Legislative precinct in
Victoria and provides information processing services, programming, computer
systems analysis and design, and general systems analysis services to all Government
departments, agencies, boards, and commissions. To provide these services the
Centre employs over 100 computer and key-punch operators, systems management
officers, and control personnel; and a staff of more than 40 analysts and pro-
grammers. Equipment used is two medium-sized computers with magnetic-tape
drives, disk drives, card readers, printers, and a plotter attached. There is also a
small complement of unit record equipment and over 70 key-punches and verifiers.
The computers are used 24 hours a day 5 days a week and at certain times of the
year, during peak workloads, on Saturdays and Sundays as well.
During the past year a number of equipment studies were carried out to determine where improvements could be made in present equipment and to establish the
most economical methods of equipment change to meet the growing information
processing needs of Government. As a result of these studies, over half of the older
models of key-punches and verifiers in the centre were replaced with new model,
higher-speed key-punch/verifiers. Also, arrangements have been made to obtain
newer model, higher-speed magnetic-tape drives now available at less cost than our
present models.
Workloads in the centre continue to expand at 10 to 15 per cent a year. This
increase was accommodated by a small staff increase and extension of computer
running to week-ends, as required.
The major project completed by the centre during the year was the introduction
of a small computer installation at the Liquor Contort Board Warehouse in Vancouver. The centre is responsible for systems, programmes, and the management
of this installation.
During the year, operating staff and several of the analysts and programmers
attended courses, educational seminars, and demonstrations of new equipment. This
included an extensive one-week advanced programming course for 15 programmers
held in the centre.
During the year a number of tours through the centre was given to students
and other interested groups. Talks on data processing and career opportunities in
this field were given at Provincial Government administrative management courses
and to student groups.
Analysts in this Division undertook over 80 systems studies, equipment feasibility studies, and project implementations during the past year. These assignments
have introduced many systems changes in departments and the centre, and have
created several new applications.
Projects completed during the year include a large-scale pilot scheme in optical
character recognition, installation of a small computer at Liquor Control Board
Warehouse, computer services for a Lower Mainland air-quality study, new administrative systems for Child Welfare, geophysical mapping by computer graphics, and
operational implementation of computer output in Braille.
The most significant and time-consuming project was the computer installation at Liquor Control Board. This major application was completed within a very
rigid time schedule and has now allowed Liquor Control Board to convert the
majority of their warehouses to a bonded status.
Major studies are presently being carried out in Beautiful British Columbia
magazine distribution, Liquor Control Board, Corrections Branch, and Pollution
Control Branch.
This Division successfully implemented three major changes to existing operating systems for drivers licensing, Water Rights billing, and Child Welfare procedures.
During the last three months of the year the Division again co-operated with
the Department of Education on a key-punch training course conducted in the
evenings, using facilities in the centre. This course will continue indefinitely, as
long as there is sufficient demand for graduates. In addition to providing facilities,
Operations has provided a key-punch supervisor as the instructor for this course.
This Division has experienced a number of unexpected and uncontrollable
difficulties during the year. Faulty supplies were received from three different suppliers and each of these caused delays and problems for the Division. Also there
has been an unusually high turnover in key-punch staff during the year. This has
reduced keypunch capabilities significantly and caused delays and created a need
for contracting out several keypunch jobs.
The Systems Management Section of the Division, which is responsible for
maintenance of control systems used by the computers, successfully introduced four
newly released control systems during the year.
British Columbia House was again pleased to receive a visit from the Prime
Minister of British Columbia during 1971. The Agent-General arranged several
engagements for the Prime Minister with representatives from United Kingdom
business and government circles and hosted a reception at British Columbia House.
At the reception, the Prime Minister had an opportunity to meet many old friends
and a number of businessmen who have more recently become aware of the industrial
investment opportunities offered in British Columbia.
British Columbia House has borne exterior Centennial decorations throughout
the year, and the 100th anniversary of joining Confederation was observed in
London. On July 20 a special Thanksgiving Service was held at the Guild Church
of St. Mary Woolnoth in the presence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen
Mother. The Agent-General read a prayer which had been written for the occasion,
the High Commissioner for Canada read the Lesson, and the sermon was delivered
by The Reverend Professor J. E. Healey, S.J. The service was followed by a reception at the Goldsmiths' Hall, where the Queen Mother met the assembled guests.
The Agent-General was cohost with the High Commissioner for Canada at a
number of functions in connection with the London to Victoria Air Race, including
the start of the race from the Royal Air Force station at Abingdon, England.
During the year the Agent-General attended the Fifth British Columbia International Trade Fair in Vancouver, presented a film and address on the Province's
industrial potential at a "British Columbia Evening" in Frankfurt, Germany, and
spoke to numerous meetings in the London area on British Columbia's economic
growth and industrial development.
The major renovations to British Columbia House, begun in August 1970,
were completed in April 1971. The Agent-General and his staff are now located in
the new open-plan ground-floor offices, which were designed to relate to the
spaciousness of the Province and finished in a pleasant blend of native woods and
other materials.
In spite of a prolonged mail strike in the United Kingdom and the year-long
Centennial celebrations in British Columbia, visitor registrations and the volume of
mail handled by the reception staff in British Columbia House declined only marginally from last year's record counts. British Columbia House received 4,154 visitors
from the Province, and handled 28,243 letters and parcels.
F 23
The number of films dispatched to interested groups throughout the United
Kingdom was also affected by the postal strike but, in spite of this, 138 films were
sent out on loan and viewed by almost 8,000 people.
In addition to increasing subscriptions for the Beautiful British Columbia
magazine, the circulation of the British Columbia News Letter was increased last
year as was the distribution of the Monthly Bulletin of Business Activity. All three
publications are now being mailed to recipients in the United Kingdom and on the
Continent on a regular basis. This increasing demand for information on British
Columbia is another indication of the high level of interest being shown in the
Province by Britons and Europeans.
In view of the high rate of unemployment in Canada throughout most of 1971,
British Columbia House did not initiate any form of immigration promotion. Nevertheless, the immigration counselling staff were kept busy throughout the year replying to written inquiries and conducting personal interviews with residents of the
United Kingdom and with residents of Europe who requested interviews while
visiting London. The majority of applicants for interview were extremely well-
qualified people who, under normal conditions, would make a worth-while contribution to the Province. Their desire to live in British Columbia is very strong,
and almost without exception they were prepared to postpone their move from
Britain and Europe until such time as employment opportunities improve and they
can obtain clearance to move to British Columbia.
General requests for travel and tourism information increased in 1971. The
full report of the Director of Travel Promotion in British Columbia House appears
in the Annual Report of the Department of Travel Industry.
In 1971 the Trade Commissioner made several trips to the Continent, visiting
Italy, Germany, and Holland. He attended a Canadian business opportunities
mission in Stuttgart and accompanied the Agent-General to the "British Columbia
Evening" in Frankfurt where they were joined by the Industrial Commissioner for
the Vancouver and Lower Mainland region. Following this meeting the Trade
Commissioner and the Industrial Commissioner spent the remainder of the week
in the Frankfurt area and a second week in the Dusseldorf region of Germany. The
Trade Commissioner also attended the annual meeting of the Canada-Netherlands
Chamber of Commerce and visited the Milan and Hanover International Trade
Fairs. For the first time, British Columbia had an official office in the Canadian
Section of the International Building at the Hanover Trade Fair, and the Trade
Commissioner was pleased to meet and assist a number of visitors from British
Columbia and to act in liaison with British Columbia manufacturers exhibiting
products at the fair. This office will now become a permanent centre for British
Columbians attending this largest of all trade fairs.
In the United Kingdom the Trade Commissioner's activities were centred in
London with a tour of north central and northeast England.
In all his trips, the Trade Commissioner found greatly increased awareness of
the business opportunities offered by British Columbia and more recognition of the
benefits offered by a location on Canada's West Coast.
The Trade and Industry section at British Columbia House dealt with numerous requests for assistance from British Columbia manufacturers interested in the
markets of Great Britain and Western Europe. The range of products was varied
and included such items as frozen foods, paints and varnish, lumber products,
institutional equipment, marine equipment, and toys. Several British and European
manufacturers and financial houses were provided with detailed information on the
British Columbia market and the markets accessible from a British Columbia base.
The Commercial Officer of the Trade and Industry Section attended a number
of trade fairs in London and southern England where British Columbia firms were
participating or where products were being shown which may be suitable for manufacture or assembly in British Columbia.
The terms for Britain's entry into the European Common Market were negotiated during 1971 and, as the year-end approaches, public opinion is divided on the
benefits to be derived from membership in the community. In general, Britain's
economic outlook appears to be good, although unemployment is high and prices
and wages have risen very rapidly over the year.
The Common Market countries experienced a slowing of economic activity in
1971 and, like Britain, have experienced high wage and price increases, and for the
first time in several years are moving away from full employment of their labour
These conditions have been accelerated by the United States moves of mid-
August which have curtailed their exports to America and forced a revaluation of
their currencies.
The two British Columbia offices in California continued in 1971 to solicit the
interest of American manufacturers in establishing branch plants in the Province.
Products for potential manufacture were selected after domestic and foreign markets,
availability of raw materials, and all aspects of locating a manufacturing plant were
seriously researched. Industry and commodity studies prepared by the Bureau of
Economics and Statistics were used effectively and were widely circulated to businesses, United States Federal and state authorities, industrial commissions, power
companies, business development officers of Canadian and American banks, and to
Canadian Trade Officers.
Industrial development commissions which service many British Columbia
regions and communities have maintained a close liaison with the California offices.
Many requests for information regarding specific areas were forwarded to the appropriate commissioners. In addition, appointments were arranged in the California
area for representatives of many British Columbia communities.
The manufacturers who were approached directly by the California representatives as well as the inquiries received at the California Houses represented a broad
spectrum of business and industry interests. Many electronic and allied manufacturers which in the past serviced primarily the vast aerospace industry in Southern
California are actively striving to diversify their product lines. As a result, these
firms have shown a great deal of interest in British Columbia as a base for manufacturing and marketing their new products.
During the course of the past year the California officers visited many trade
fairs and industrial exhibitions. Inquiries received at these functions resulted in
new product lines for the Canadian market being offered to British Columbia manu-
facturers under a licensing agreement. In some instances the initial approaches led
to the manufacturers taking a hard look at the feasibility of establishing their own
manufacturing plants within the Province.
The British Columbia Fifth International Trade Fair was widely publicized
among the Southern California business community. A representative from the Los
Angeles office attended the fair and returned to Southern California with a list of
products British Columbia manufacturers are desirous of marketing. In several
instances trade relations were opened with distributors, agents, and representatives
for this vast market.
During October a group from the Vancouver Board of Trade visited the San
Francisco area and inspected port facilities and industrial sites. Individual appointments were arranged by the representative of British Columbia House.
British Columbia's Fifth International Trade Fair, Impo-Expo '71, was held
in Vancouver from June 2 to 12, and, in terms of international participation and
general business, community response has been judged an unprecedented success.
First held in 1958, this triannual promotion, which has been continually sponsored
by the Department, has developed into the largest regularly scheduled trading event
of its kind in North America.
The trade fair was officially opened on June 2 by Premier W. A. C. Bennett,
who, in his opening address, emphasized British Columbia's role as a major exporting area, whose economic well-being is based to a large extent on the ability to sell
abroad the wide range of raw materials which are the products of our primary
industries, as well as the products and services of our expanding secondary industries.
The 1971 fair, with an exhibit area of 110,000 square feet, had a record
number of international pavilions with 16 nations participating along with 420
exhibitors. Countries participating were Great Britain, France, Denmark, West
Germany, Sweden, Japan, the Philippines, Austria, South Korea, Switzerland, India,
Finland, Pakistan, the Netherlands, Ireland, and Bulgaria. In addition, the products
of New Zealand and Taiwan were featured through agency displays. The State of
Alaska, the Province of Alberta, and four departments of the Federal Government
were also represented.
Close to 3,000 professional buyers from Canada, the United States, Europe,
and the Far East attended the fair and their participation resulted in numerous sales
contracts and agencies being established. Computerization of all data provided
immediate access to information on a wide range of products on display and was
also utilized in the production of the official catalogue.
The next trade fair is scheduled for 1974 and, during the coming fiscal year,
Department officials will be involved in promoting the event and assuring the Province of an even greater international and local response.
The British Columbia Research Council is an independent, nonprofit, industrial
research society, registered under the Societies Act of British Columbia and initially
sponsored by the Department in 1944. From the time of its establishment it has
received an annual grant from the Department by which it has been able to carry
out in-house research projects and carry them through to such a stage of development that they may be of interest to and supported by industrial companies.   The
research arm of the Society, B.C. Research, has its offices and laboratories located
at 3650 Wesbrook Crescent, on the southern section of the campus of the University
of British Columbia.
B.C. Research undertakes research and development in applied biology,
applied chemistry, applied physics, and engineering, and make available to industry
and Government departments business services in the areas of operations research,
economic and feasibility studies, technical information, management, and productivity. The research and technical services are undertaken for clients on a confidential, contract basis and at cost.
In addition to a grant of $320,000 received from the Department, B.C.
Research had, during 1971, an earned income of $1,600,000, made up mainly
from industrial and Government contracts.
During 1971 a substantial expansion in water and atmospheric pollution research and in ecological studies took place, accounting for contracts totalling
$650,000. Work continued on the development of a nonatmosphere-contaminating
hydro-metallurgical process for treating copper concentrate, using bacteria. The
work on development of colour-sorting instruments was expanded to units for cranberry colour grading. During the year the protective coating, Steelmate, for wet
steel and for steel under water, was brought into manufacture and distribution in
Canada and the United States. Production was also started in British Columbia of a
wasp trap developed in the laboratories of B.C. Research and commercial sales
carried out across Canada. A self-disintegrating oyster cultch was manufactured in
small quantities for the second year and distributed to commercial growers for
assessment under marine conditions. A new programme directed toward the development of electro-luminescent products was initiated. The year also saw an expansion of the management training courses for senior and intermediate management in
industry and in Government departments.
In 1971, after attaining the $3 billion level of investments for two years, the
Province of British Columbia recorded a jump in expenditures. Capital and repair
expenditures by the private and public sectors during 1971 totalled $3.66 billion,
representing a 22-per-cent increase above the 1970 total of $2.99 billion.
On a per capita basis the value of investments reached $1,625 per head of
population, nearly 40 per cent above the Canadian per capita amount of $1.170.
Expenditures by utilities and transportation companies, totalling approximately
$825 million, were the largest component of expansion undertakings. Pipe-line
firms constructed several substantial projects: Westcoast Transmission completed an
enlargement of its main natural gas transmission pipe-line at a cost of over $80
million and earlier in 1971 finished an extension of this line to the northern boundary
of British Columbia and installed further equipment at its Fort Nelson plant.
Inland Natural Gas was engaged in several additions to its distribution system,
including construction of a pipe-line between Kingsvale (near Merritt) and Oliver.
Developments of the publicly owned British Columbia Hydro and Power
Authority were highlighted by new generating equipment coming on line at the
W. A. C. Bennett Dam and at Jordan River. At mid-year, estimates of investment
in electric power facilities suggested expenditures of approximately $950 million
will likely be required over the next five years. In the third quarter, bids were
received for the major machinery and equipment for these proposed projects.
In the railway transport industry, the Pacific Great Eastern Railway opened
the 250-mile extension between Fort St. John and Fort Nelson.    In addition, CP
Rail completed a 35-mile extension of its Kootenay area tracks to the new Fording
Coal property. The 420-mile extension of the PGE between Fort St. James and
Dease Lake entered the third year of construction, with completion of the line
anticipated in 1974.
The commencement of forest products shipments from the new Seaboard International terminal in North Vancouver was particularly noteworthy among ocean
terminal improvements during 1971. Other projects of major importance included
projects at the Fraser-Surrey Docks, Nanaimo, Port Alberni, Roberts Bank, and
The primary industries and construction industry, with investments of almost
$795 million in 1971, were the next ranking component after utilities. Intense
mining activity accounted for sizeable expenditures in these industries. The net
complement of workers expected to man major new mines and milling operations
due to start shipments in 1971/72 is likely to total 2,300 persons. During the
fourth quarter the copper-molybdenum property of Utah International at Port Hardy
started shipments as the forerunner of several substantial mines coming into production in 1972.
Capital and repair expenditures by manufacturers reached approximately $595
million in 1971. Projects being undertaken by pulp and paper firms accounted for
some $250 million, consisting mainly of added or new capacity at Kamloops, Mackenzie, and Quesnel, which will generate employment for 700 persons. In the wood
industries, where capital and repair outlays exceeded $130 million, new lumber mills
began operating at Okanagan Falls, Prince George, and Woodfibre, a new stud mill
opened at Mackenzie, and a new plywood plant at Armstrong. Significant among
projects presently being constructed are a sawmill at Vavenby, a plywood mill at
Golden, and a veneer plant at Merritt.
In other manufacturing industries, investments were concentrated in the alcoholic beverage and meat-processing phases of the food and beverage industry, in
the nonmetallic mineral products industry, and in the chemical and chemical products
industry. Outstanding among individual developments were the new $30 million
distillery of Hiram Walker & Sons Ltd. at Winfield and the $22 million modernization of the Trail zinc refinery of Cominco Ltd., both of which were finished in the
fourth quarter.
Projects in the trade, finance, and commercial service industries amounted to
$275 million in 1971. Early in the fourth quarter, the first stage of the $95 million
Pacific Centre in Vancouver was officially opened. Plans were announced for a
third tower in the Bentall Centre complex and for a new business offices structure
called the "Vancouver Centre." Each of these new developments, to be situated in
Vancouver City, is estimated to cost between $20 and $25 million. Construction is
advancing rapidly on the Project 200 and on the Royal Centre complexes in Vancouver, where work had previously been started.
The following tables itemize projects that were completed or were under construction by manufacturers during 1971. In most cases only those developments
comprising a minimum capital or repair investment of approximately $100,000
are shown.
 F 28
Food and Beverage
Birch Street Bakery, Valemount—bread, buns, pastries	
Canadian Pizza Crust Co. Ltd., Richmond—bakery products..
Clearsprings Pop Shop Beverages Ltd., Burnaby—soft drinks...
Jake's Bakeries Ltd., Masset—baked goods..
Lang Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Kelowna—"Pogo Pops" food products	
Schlappner's Bakery, Osoyoos—bakery products	
Tom Thumb Donut Co. Ltd., Vancouver—doughnuts	
Uncle Ben Beverages Ltd., Richmond—soft drinks	
Hiram Walker & Sons Ltd., Winfield—distilled beverages     210
...     (1)
...      14
- C1)
- (^
Rubber and Plastic Products
Aaro Plastics Ltd., Richmond—blow-moulded containers	
Acrylco Manufacturing Ltd., Delta—cast acrylic plastic sheets..
Aurum Resources Ltd., Delta—plastic art objects	
Comatec Industries Ltd., Cloverdale—strip rubber	
F.R. Protective Plastics Ltd., Vancouver—fibreglass piping and tank linings
Freeman Plastics Ltd., Peachland—FRP tanks, aircraft warning-markers     (*)
Giant Tire Ltd., Richmond—rebuilt tires for mining and earthmover equipment 	
The Guildhall Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Richmond—cultured marble and
Gulf Fibreglass Products Ltd., Delta—fibreglass products	
Premo Engineering Ltd., Esquimau—precision metal and plastic components
Stroam International Ltd., Burnaby—polystyrene foam egg cartons, other
food-packaging material
Tri-Plast Industries Ltd., Chemainus-
and polyester
-products of plastics, urethane foam,
Vanguard Plastics Ltd., Richmond—plastic moulds	
Woodridge Fibreglass Ltd., Maple Ridge—fibreglass products	
Y-Lok Containers Western Ltd., Vancouver—plastic industrial containers..
Bli-Kor Mfg. Ltd., Vancouver—leather goods       17
Frontier Leathers, Fort St. lohn—saddles, harnesses, other leather products    (!)
Viberg Boot Mfg. Ltd., Victoria—leather boots and garments     (x)
Olympic Canvas & Rope Ltd., Vancouver—rope and rope products     (x)
Alpha Sportswear Ltd., Vancouver—clothing..
Chantal Fashions & Fabrics Ltd., Vancouver—custom-fabricated clothing..
Man-Can Mfg. Ltd., Vancouver—men's garments	
Simon Boutique Ltd., Vancouver—women's clothing	
A & A Sawmill, Chetwynd—ties and studs  9
Adams River Cedar Products Ltd., 64 miles northwest of Vavenby—cedar
shakes   (1)
Arrowsmith Millwork Ltd., Port Alberni—cabinets, doors, and frames  (*)
Artisans Industries Ltd., Surrey—factory-built homes, cabins  (!)
Asco Cedar Products, McBride—lumber  8
Bell Pole Co. Ltd., Maple Ridge—untreated cedar poles and piling	
Bennett Mills Ltd., Fort St. lohn—lumber	
Billan Enterprises Ltd., Burnaby—wood chips	
Bouma Post Yard Ltd., Princeton—processed posts and poles..
B.C. Forest Products Ltd., Mackenzie—studs	
Canoe Millwork Ltd., Canoe—windows, cabinets, wood components
3- Under five employees.
Wood—Continued Empufyment
Christian Valley Sawmill, Christian Valley (near Westbridge)— lumber  6
J. L. Coghlin Contractor, Summerland—lumber  (!)
Cormorant Shakes, Port McNeill—red cedar shakes  (!)
Crown Zellerbach Canada Ltd., Armstrong—unsanded plywood sheathing... 92
D. & H. Sawmill, 10 Mile Lake (near Quesnel)—railroad ties  (*)
D'Vincent Industries Corporation Ltd., Vancouver—wall decor  9
Evans Products Co. Ltd., Golden—plywood    88
Glen Garrell Enterprises Ltd., Westbank—cabinets  (!)
Island Mills, Terrace—lumber    5
Nehaliston Lumber Co. Ltd., Barriere—hardwood lumber  10
Nicola Valley Sawmills Ltd., Merritt—veneer  30
North Shore Log Sorting, North Vancouver—shakes  (!)
Pacific Pre-Hung Doors Ltd., Coquitlam—pre-hung door units  7
Parksville Cabinets & Millwork Co., Parksville—cabinets  (!)
PeDel Lumber Ltd., Ruskin—pallets, shingle-band sticks  (!)
Pine Lake Lumber Co. Ltd., Delta—lumber, wood chips  15
Prairie Mountain Developments Ltd., Surrey—pressure preserving of wood 5
Prince George Hardwoods Ltd., Prince George—birch lumber  15
Grant Proctor Sawmilling, Lillooet—railroad ties, side lumber  (!)
Raymer Lake Lumber Co. Raymer Lake (50 miles from Kelowna)—studs 7
Robson Valley Cedar Products, McBride—cedar shakes  6
Surrey Laminated Products Ltd., Surrey—laminated beams  6
Thomson Bros. Sawmill Ltd., Courtenay—lumber  (!)
Triple-A-Shake  &  Shingle  Co.,   Mission  City—cedar  shake  and  shingle
products ._.         6
Tru-Span Lumber Ltd., Kelowna—laminated beams  6
Henry Vasseur Custom Planing Ltd., Valemount—lumber  (J)
Weldwood of Canada Ltd., Ash Street Division, Vancouver—pre-finished
plywood panels                  19
Westcoast Distributors Ltd., Rutland—hollow- and solid-core doors  (!)
Weyerhaeuser Canada Ltd., Vavenby—lumber.  200
Wilson Lambilt Ltd., Richmond—modular buildings, roof trusses, industrial
trailers    (x)
Furniture and Fixture
Bruckal Plastics Ltd., Abbotsford—plastic furniture  (!)
Fraser Highway Upholstery, Surrey—upholstered furniture  (!)
Richards Furniture Manufacturing, Vancouver—household furniture  9
Toadhall Design & Manufacturing Ltd., North Vancouver—custom furniture (*)
Paper and Allied
B.C. Forest Products, Mackenzie—bleached sulphate pulp  252
Cariboo Pulp & Paper Co., Quesnel—bleached kraft pulp  315
Finlay Forest Industries Ltd., Mackenzie—refiner groundwood pulp  25
Printing, Publishing, and Allied Affairs
Affairs Publishing Ltd., Vancouver—magazines  7
Bryan Publications Ltd., Vancouver—publishing  (!)
Click Publications Ltd., Vancouver—publishing  5
Free Lancer Publications Ltd., Campbell River—newspaper publishing  (!)
Gibson and Moscarella Ltd., North Vancouver—commercial printing  8
King Printing and Duplicating, Vancouver—commercial printing  (!)
Lawsco Enterprises Ltd., Vancouver—publishing  (!)
Majestic Graphics Ltd., Port Coquitlam—printed forms  (!)
Mustang Printing Co. Ltd., Vancouver—printed material  (*)
Quality Separations Ltd., Vancouver—lithographed products  6
Stuart Graphics Ltd., Penticton—commercial printing    (x)
University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver—book publishing  (!)
1 Under five employees.
Printing, Publishing, and Allied Affairs—Continued Employment
White  Computer  Typesetting  Services  Ltd.,  Vancouver—printing   trade
services    (1)
Primary Metal
Fundy Chemical Corp. Ltd., Surrey—ferro-alloys  20
Metal Fabricating
Coast Engineering Works Ltd., Vancouver—marine and general machining 14
Comet Plating Co. Ltd., Vancouver—metal coatings  (x)
Crown Cork and Seal Co. Ltd., Richmond—bottle caps for the soft drink
and brewing industry  (!)
Fraser Fasteners Ltd., Richmond—screws  5
Inter City Machine Shop, Vancouver—metal-fabricated products  (1)
Master Machine Co. Ltd., Vancouver—metal-fabricated products  (*)
Orchard Enterprises, Surrey—decorative aluminum wall plaques and panels (*)
Specialty Heat Treating Ltd., Vancouver—coating of metal products  (x)
Stevested Machinery & Engineering Ltd., Delta—metal-fabricated products (J)
Synkoloid Metal Products Ltd., Surrey—steel studs, metal trims  (x)
Tri-.Tec Manufacturing Ltd., Vancouver—aluminum patio covers, window
awnings   5
Tube-Lok Products Ltd., Vancouver—steel-fabricated products  5
Valley Ornamental Iron Works Ltd., Aldergrove—iron railings, ornamental-
iron products  (!)
Valley Sheet Metal, Marysville—fabricated metal products  (!)
Appollo Mfg. Ltd., Burnaby—torque convertors  5
Univeyor B.C. Ltd., Vancouver—package-handling conveyers  5
Transportation Equipment
Aqualine Trailers Ltd., Penticton—boat and utility trailers  (!)
Atlas Aircraft Services Ltd., Richmond—aircraft servicing  (*)
Dolphin Industries, Dawson Creek—fibreglass boats  (!)
Hayes Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Vancouver—cab-over-engine highway trucks 20
Lang  Engineered   Racing  Accessories,  Vancouver—automotive   specialty
equipment and accessories  (!)
Maple Ridge Campers, Maple Ridge—camping units  (*)
Portage Marine Services Ltd., Nanaimo—boat-building and repair  (*)
Viking Air Ltd., Sidney—aircraft servicing  ( x)
Electrical Products
C.P.D. Electronics Ltd., South Burnaby—electrical and electronic products (*)
Donahue Electronics Ltd., North Vancouver—industrial electronic products (*)
Cascade Batteries Ltd., North Vancouver—marine and industrial batteries (J)
Gunn Electronics Ltd., North Vancouver—musical instrument amplifiers  (*)
Intercontinental Electronics Ltd., Richmond—industrial solid state equipment    (!)
Lenkurt Electric Co. of Canada Ltd., North Burnaby—polylithic crystal
filters for telecommunications equipment  15
Pacific Photon Products Ltd., Vancouver—industrial and commercial light
fixtures   (!)
Precision Controls Ltd., Richmond—electronic components  (*)
Nonmetallic Mineral Products
Admiral Glass & Door, Penticton—glass cutting  (!)
Econo Mix Ltd., Richmond—readymix concrete  5
Houston Concrete Products Ltd., Houston—readymix concrete  6
Pacific Abrasives & Supply, Inc., Grand Forks—roofing granules, sandblast
abrasives   (1)
Squamish Redi-Mix Products Ltd., Squamish—readymix concrete  (J)
i Under five employees.
Nonmetalic Mineral Products—Continued Empkfyment
Texada Lime Ltd., Langley—metallurgical lime  20
Totem Ready Mix Ltd., Quesnel—readymix concrete    (!)
Yellowhead Concrete Ltd., Kamloops—readymix concrete  (])
Petroleum and Coal Products
Columbia Bitulithic, a Division of Ashland of Canada Ltd., Richmond—
asphalt paving materials  (*)
Chemical and Chemical Products
Emdee Enterprises Ltd.,  Burnaby—construction specialties  and domestic
chemicals         (x)
Gold Star Paints, Kamloops—paint....            (!)
Nor-Chem Enterprises Ltd., North Vancouver—industrial cleaning compounds         ....       (!)
Nu-Kote International Products Ltd., Richmond—protective hand lotions.— (*)
Miscellaneous Manufacturing
Canadian Tackle Ltd., Kelowna—fishing lures  (1)
Eric T. Fear Ltd., Tsawwassen—jewellery  (*)
Pacific Display Systems Ltd., Burnaby—aluminum display showcases  7
Food and Beverage
Andres Wines (B.C.) Ltd., Port Moody—wine  10
The Carling Breweries (B.C.) Ltd., Vancouver—malt beverages  Nil
Dare Foods Ltd., Surrey—biscuits  20
Dutch Dairy Farms Ltd., Armstrong—dairy products  Nil
Fletchers Ltd., Vancouver—meat processing  Nil
Freybe Sausage Mfg. Ltd., Vancouver—meat processing  Nil
Intercontinental Packers Ltd., Vancouver—meat processing  Nil
Interior Breweries Ltd., Creston—malt beverages  (x)
Island Farms Dairies Co-op Association, Victoria—dairy products  Nil
Labatt Breweries of B.C. Ltd., New Westminster—malt beverages  Nil
Molson Brewery B.C. Ltd., Vancouver—malt beverages  Nil
Northern Alberta Dairy Pool Ltd., Fort St. John—dairy products...   Nil
Northwest Food Products Ltd., Vancouver—noodles  (1)
Panco Poultry Ltd., Surrey—poultry processing  Nil
Wm. Scott & Co. Ltd., Port Coquitlam—poultry processing  15
Standard Brands Ltd., Richmond—dog-food  Nil
Star Meat Co. Ltd., Sumas—meat processing  (J)
Venice Bakery Ltd., North Vancouver—bread   7
Rubber and Plastic Products
Canplas Industries Ltd., Delta—plastic pipe-fittings  Nil
Listo Products Ltd., Vancouver—plastic products  Nil
Romney Carpet Corp. Ltd., North Vancouver—carpets  Nil
Western Fibres Ltd., Vancouver—textiles  25
Knitting Mills
Carty, Boren & Fowler Co. Ltd., Salmo—ladies' woollen knitwear  (!)
Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd., 100 Mile House—lumber  Nil
Bay Forest Products Ltd., Vancouver—lumber  15
Boundary Forest Products Ltd., Midway—lumber  60
1 Under five employees.
Wood—Continued Employment
B.C. Forest Products Ltd., Cowichan Veneer Division, Youbou—lumber,
veneer  ,  30
Bulkley Valley Forest Industries Ltd., Houston—lumber  35
Crestbrook Forest Industries Ltd., Cranbrook, Canal Flats—lumber  Nil
Crown Zellerbach Canada Ltd., Fraser Mills—plywood  Nil
Danforce Manufacturing Ltd., Vancouver—kitchen cabinets, furniture  (1)
Eaglecrest Contracting Ltd., Parksville—lumber  Nil
Evans Products Co. Ltd., Donald—lumber, shingles, and shakes  93
Evans Products Co. Ltd., Commercial Lumber Co. Div., Lillooet—lumber 70
Ferguson Lake Sawmills Ltd., Bear Lake Townsite—lumber  Nil
Fien Lumber & Veneer Ltd., Sardis—lumber, veneer  12
Jacobson Brothers Forest Products Ltd., Williams Lake—lumber  JV;7
Lavington Planer Mill Ltd., Vernon—lumber  38
Kalesnikoff Lumbering Co. Ltd., Tarry's Flat—lumber, chips, hog fuel  Nil
Kootenay Forest Products, a Division of the Eddy Match Co. Ltd., Nelson
—plywood, lumber  84
Lignum Ltd., Williams Lake, Cariboo—lumber  Nil
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., Chemainus Sawmill Division, Chemainus—lumber Nil
Northwood Mills Ltd., Princeton—lumber, chips  65
O'Neil & Devine Ltd., Merritt—lumber  Nil
Pinette & Therrien Mills Ltd., Williams Lake—lumber  20
Rayonier Canada (B.C.) Ltd., Marpole—lumber  Nil
Revelstoke Sawmill (Radium) Ltd., Radium—lumber, wood chips  20
Savona Timber Co. Ltd., Savona—lumber, veneer  50
Skeena Forest Products Ltd., Terrace—lumber  Nil
Tappen Valley Timber Ltd., Tappen (near Salmon Arm)—lumber, wood
chips   20
Triangle-Pacific Forest Products Ltd., Slocan—packaged lumber  Nil
Unique Industries Ltd., Port Coquitlam—kitchen cabinets  (*)
Zer-O-Loc Enterprises Ltd., Vancouver—laminated insulating panels, cold-
storage rooms  (!)
Furniture and Fixture
Bel-Par Industries Ltd., Surrey—store fixtures, educational furniture, walk-
in coolers and freezers    (x)
Paper and Allied
Belkin Paperboard Ltd., Burnaby—paperboard  7
Canadian Forest Products Ltd., Howe Sound Pulp Division, Port Mellon—
sulphate pulp  Nil
Columbia Cellulose Co. Ltd., Castlegar—sulphate pulp  Nil
Columbia Cellulose Co. Ltd., Prince Rupert—dissolving sulphite pulp, sulphate pulp  Nil
Crestbrook Pulp and Paper Ltd., Skookumchuck—bleached kraft pulp  Nil
Elk Falls Co. Ltd., Duncan Bay (near Campbell River)—sulphate and
groundwood pulp, newsprint, and kraft paper  Nil
Intercontinental Pulp Co. Ltd., Prince George—bleached and unbleached
kraft pulp  Nil
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., Harmac Pulp Division, Cedar (near Nanaimo) —
kraft pulp  Nil
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., Powell River—sulphate, sulphite and groundwood
pulp, newsprint, and other papers  Ni!
MacMillan Bloedel Packaging Ltd., Folding Carton Division, Burnaby—
corrugated boxes   Nil
Northwood Pulp Ltd., Prince George—bleached kraft pulp  Nil
Prince George Pulp & Paper Ltd., Prince George—sulphate pulp, kraft paper Nil
Rayonier Canada (B.C.) Ltd., Port Alice—chemical cellulose  12
1 Under five employees.
Paper and Allied—Continued Empkiyment
Scott  Paper Ltd.,  New  Westminster—sanitary papers,  wax  paper,  fruit
wrappings    Nil
Westminster Paper Co. Ltd., Surrey—disposable medical gowns  5
Weyerhaeuser Canada Ltd., Kamloops—bleached kraft wood pulp  130
Printing, Publishing, and Allied
The Columbian Co. Ltd., Coquitlam—printing and publishing  Nil
Finlay Printing Ltd., Kelowna—printed material  (!)
Victoria Press Ltd., Victoria—newspaper publishing  20
Primary Metal
Cominco Ltd., Trail—high-purity metals  10
Cominco Ltd., Trail—refined zinc    Nil
Esco Ltd., Port Coquitlam—steel castings  Nil
Metal Fabricating
B.C. Metals Protection Ltd., Surrey—pipe coating, wrapping, and lining  30
Corwest Fabrications Ltd., Burnaby—stainless steel pipe, fittings, and tanks Nil
Dominion Bridge Co. Ltd., Burnaby—structural steel shapes  Nil
Fire-Hearth Mfg. Ltd., North Burnaby—metal fireplaces  (x)
Great West Steel Industries Ltd., East Burnaby—structural joists  30
Hudson Plating Co. Ltd., Vancouver—metal coatings  (!)
Tree Island Steel Co. Ltd., Richmond—strapping-wire, tie wire, nails, spring
wire, core wire  (*)
Brunette Machine Works Ltd., New Westminster—logging, sawmill, and
plywood mill equipment   10
Carter  Machine  Works Ltd.,  New  Westminster—bottom  dump-trailers,
gravel boxes     Nil
Demag Material Handling Ltd., Surrey—electric hoists and cranes  Nil
Gearmatic Co. Ltd., Surrey—hydraulic winches  10
Heede International Ltd., Port Moody—climbing cranes  Nil
Mantle Industries Ltd., Delta—logging equipment, industrial scales  Nil
Rovalve Ltd., Port Coquitlam—stainless-steel valves    30
Wesdrill Equipment Ltd., Richmond—diamond drilling equipment  Nil
Willock Industries Ltd., Langley—industrial machinery  20
Transportation Equipment
Quayside Marine Ltd., Vancouver—boat-building and repair    5
G. W. Ribchester & Son Ltd., Burnaby—truck bodies  Nil
Seaspan International Ltd., North Vancouver District—ship-building  Nil
British Columbia Cement Co. Ltd., Bamberton—cement  Nil
Lafarge Concrete Ltd., Richmond—concrete block and pipe  8
Lafarge Concrete Ltd., Vancouver—readymix concrete  Nil
Ocean Cement Ltd., Vancouver—readymix concrete  Nil
Chemical and Chemical Products
Electric Reduction Co. of Canada Ltd., North Vancouver—sodium chlorate Nil
Reichhold Chemicals (Canada) Ltd., Port Moody—decorative paper overlays (!)
Swift Chemical Company, a Division of Swift Canadian Co. Ltd., Burnaby
—adhesive products     Nil
Miscellaneous Manufacturing
Aragon   Recorders  Division,   Herschorn  Productions  Ltd.,   Vancouver—
records, tapes   (1)
1 Under five employees.
 Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.


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