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REPORT OF THE Department of Commercial Transport containing reports on COMMERCIAL VEHICLES, ENGINEERING,… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1971

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT
Hon. F. X. Richter, Minister A. J. Bowering, B.A.Sc, P.Eng., Deputy Minister
REPORT OF THE
Department of
Commercial Transport
containing reports on
COMMERCIAL VEHICLES, ENGINEERING, RAILWAYS,
AERIAL TRAMWAYS, PIPE-LINES, AND
INDUSTRIAL TRANSPORTATION
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31
1970
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1971
  Victoria, British Columbia, February 11, 1971.
To Colonel the Honourable John R. Nicholson, P.C., O.B.E., Q.C., LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits the Annual Report of the Department of
Commercial Transport for the year ended December 31, 1970.
F. X. RICHTER
Minister of Commercial Transport
 Victoria, British Columbia, February 18, 1971.
The Honourable F. X. Richter,
Minister of Commercial Transport.
Sir: I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the Department of
Commercial Transport for the year ended December 31, 1970.
A. J. Bowering, B.A.Sc, P.Eng.
Deputy Minister of Commercial Transport
 The Honourable Francis Xavier Richter, Minister
of Commercial Transport.
 ■#':
Alfred John Bowering, B.A.Sc., P.Eng., Deputy Minister of Commercial Transport.
 Report of the
Department of Commercial Transport
A. J. Bowering, B.A.Sc, P.Eng., Deputy Minister
During the past year, several sectors of transportation have been affected by
industrial unrest and other areas have been affected by changing methods of transport. These changes have presented a challenge to our staff in both the Engineering
Branch and the Weigh Scale Branch. We are going through a period of growth and
diversification that was not foreseen several years ago.
There has been an 11-per-cent increase in commercial vehicle registrations in
British Columbia over the previous year, which is above the 10-year average of
6.6 per cent.
In co-operation with the Department of Highways, several changes were made
in regulations governing the operation of commercial vehicles on Provincial highways. These changes reflect trends in the transport industry and necessary controls
where traffic is increasing.
In order to control the movement of very large loads and to limit the movement of mobile homes and sectional buildings to a maximum width of 12 feet, the
Department has been dealing to a greater extent with manufacturers. Meetings have
been arranged with companies which build mobile homes and sectional buildings,
steel fabricators, and those companies manufacturing large and bulky structures, so
that these may be built in acceptable sizes for movement by rail or highway. This
contact has established a communication which will reduce the need for movement
of very large components of buildings and structures. This 12-foot-wide limit for the
movement of mobile homes and sectional buildings has been in effect in British
Columbia and in two other provinces for over a year, and recently all provinces with
the exception of Alberta agreed to establish this same limit for highway operation.
The Department has for the past three years presented a report with respect to
size and weight allowances for commercial-vehicle operation in Canadian provinces
to the Canadian Conference of Motor Transport Authorities. This group, which
includes administrators from all provincial governments, meets once a year to discuss
regulations affecting motor-vehicle operation. As a result of this report being
presented, regulations have become more uniform between provinces, making it
easier for interprovincial operation of commercial vehicles. During the past year a
second report was prepared for the conference on licence reciprocity agreements in
Canadian provinces. These agreements are fairly consistent between provinces but
vary considerably between individual provinces and American states.
Commercial-vehicle licence reciprocity agreements which are in force between
this Province and 16 American states continue to provide a satisfactory means of
licensing for international operators. There have been some changes in regulations
in individual states; however, these have not affected the British Columbia operation.
Problems are being experienced in some of the states with the operation of leased
vehicles. This is not a problem in British Columbia as we require these to be licensed
by the carrier under the agreement, or operators must purchase trip permits.
The number of bunk scales used on logging-trucks has increased considerably
during the past year, mainly in the Prince George, Quesnel, Kamloops, and Midway
areas. These scales enable the operators to determine more accurately the weight
of their loads.
7
 Z 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
We have again provided assistance to the Department of Finance by issuing
temporary motive-fuel permits when new vehicles are brought into the Province or
new vehicles are purchased within the Province. This makes it possible for operators
to use their equipment while applying for permanent authority under that Act. Issuance of these temporary motive-fuel permits was simplified to some extent during
the year by the establishment of a prepaid, nonrefundable fee for short-trip operation.
The additional responsibility which was assumed by the Department in January
of enforcing sections of the Motor Carrier Act at weigh scales has proceeded in a
satisfactory manner, with both industry and the Public Utilities Commission acknowledging favourable results.
Use of heavy machinery by industry in mining operations has presented problems both in moving these machines to the sites and operation of them in the movement of large bodies of ore. The Engineering Branch has been involved with the
staff of the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources in checking heavy
equipment used in strip-mining operations and on industrial roads. Some problems
relating to braking systems were encountered, but these are being adjusted by the
companies involved following meetings with our Engineering Branch staff.
This Branch was busy early in the year with matters relating to the construction of the railway to Roberts Bank. At this time, unit trains are operaing on a
regular basis from Natal to Roberts Bank superport, and it is expected that within a
few months' time the frequency of these trips will double. Signals installed at main
highway crossings are working well and traffic is moving across the railway with a
minimum of delay when trains are in the area.
No major pipe-lines were built during 1970, but 143 miles of gathering lines
were installed. Where necessary, test procedures were prepared and tests conducted
to ensure safe working-pressures.
Aerial-tramway construction by industry has continued with the addition of
four new chair-lifts and a number of other facilities for ski-ing being added. Further
plans have been approved for the proposed reversible tramway over the Fraser River
at Hells Gate. The company has started construction of the terminal on the west
side of the Fraser River and plans to complete the installation early in 1971. Providing parking for cars and trailers is a problem at this location and special arrangements are being made to accommodate these vehicles as owners use the tramway.
Operators of ski-ing facilities have formed a new organization known as
"Canada West Ski Areas Association." They formerly were members of an international organization, but have recently formed this new association as they find
their interests somewhat different to those in the United States. This group is active
in working on safety standards with the Department and improving operations at
locations in the Province by guiding their own members.
Again I wish to acknowledge the excellent co-operation we have received from
other departments of Government and particularly from the Department of Highways and the Motor-vehicle Branch of the Attorney-General's Department.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
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ai
 Z 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE BRANCH
F. J. Regan, Director of Operations
It is sometimes said that the economic trend in the Province is reflected by road
transport activity. During the past year there have been a number of factors which
have disturbed normal commercial-vehicle operations. The movement of forest
products, i.e., export lumber, veneer, sawlogs, and wood chips, was severely curtailed by work stoppages resulting from the tie-up of Coastal tugboats and the effects
of the strike in the lumber industry.
The shut-down in the construction industry had a depressing effect on the
transportation of building material and industrial components, which form a significant portion of the freight hauled by the general-cartage segment of the industry.
In a similar manner, the heavy-hauling division of the industry was affected as the
lack of new large construction projects was reflected in reduction of cargo in this
category.
Although the trucking industry as a whole did not have an expanding year, it
is significant that the number of permits issued for the movement of oversize and
overweight loads did not decrease but showed a slight increase, with an average of
4,000 permits per month.
The Weigh Scale Branch operates 36 permanent stations on the main highway
system of the Province. These are augmented by seven mobile patrols utilizing
portable scales. The basic function of the Branch is to ensure that commercial vehicles are correctly licensed and that they comply with the size and weight regulations
or with the conditions of oversize and overweight permits. In addition to these
duties, the Branch undertakes the enforcement of the Motor Carrier Act, Motive-fuel
Use Tax Act, Stock Brands Act, and some of the provisions of the Motor-vehicle
Act and the Forest Act.
Under the terms of an Order in Council approved November 12, 1969, the
Weigh Scale Branch assumed responsibility for the enforcement of the licensing
provisions of the Motor Carrier Act on January 1, 1970. This is a somewhat difficult
task as the conditions of licences issued by the Motor Carrier Branch are of necessity
complicated. However, I am pleased to report that these new duties have been
adequately performed, and our checking in this regard has resulted in 498 warnings
being issued and 775 prosecutions being entered into. It is noteworthy that the
reaction of the industry as a whole has been favourable, as it is apparent that the
enforcement of the provisions of the Act is the only protection the licensed carrier
has against the unfair competition of the fly-by-night trucker.
Enforcement of the size and weight regulations by the personnel of the Branch
has been maintained at a high level. Approximately 3,500 prosecutions have been
entered—2,300 for overweight, 1,000 for oversize, and 200 for miscellaneous infractions of the Act. Numerous warnings have been given in cases that did not warrant
prosecution and it would appear that in those areas where the Branch has an
enforcement capability, the Act and regulations are being reasonably complied with.
Construction of a replacement weigh-scale station near Dawson Creek was
completed during the year, and site construction was commenced on the Trans-
Canada Highway west of Kamloops, where a new scale is being established. This
scale, when completed, will replace a scale-site that has been rendered inoperative
due to the construction of the highway bypass of the City of Kamloops. An added
feature of this site will be the construction of a truck-inspection pit which will afford
the police and the individual operator with a facility to do a proper inspecton of
vehicles with particular reference to brake-system maintenance and adjustment.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970 Z 11
There have been a number of truck runaways on the steep hill entering Kamloops
in past years and in almost every case investigation has shown that the prime cause
of the accident has been improper maintenance or adjustment of trailer brakes.
One of the problems mentioned in the 1969 Annual Report, that of communication between truck-driver and weigh-scale operator, has to a degree been overcome. Fifteen sets of the new-type signals have been built for us by the Department
of Highways and will be installed early next year. It is anticipated that all installations will be complete by the end of 1971.
Scale maintenance for the year has been normal; Toledo Scale Company of
Canada is performing the preventive-maintenance service in a satisfactory manner.
No new scale decks or installations have been completed; however, some investigations have been made of a load-cell application for truck scales, and present indications are that this principle offers many advantages. It is hoped that during the
coming year further studies and evaluations will be made of this unit and, if our
present opinions are confirmed, a change over to this type of installation will be
programmed.
Our field staff are divided into six regions, with a Regional Supervisor in charge
of each area. It is his duty to ensure that the policy of the Department with respect
to the administration of the Act and regulations is carried out. The following is a
summary of activities by region:
Region 1. Vancouver Island—General trucking activity on Vancouver Island
during the year was affected by sporadic movement in both the logging and construction branches of the industry.
The only major construction project was the British Columbia Hydro and
Power Authority dam development at Jordan River. In order to minimize road
movement of oversize and overweight loads to this site, the contractor installed a
barge grid near the power development.
Development of the Utah Mine near Port Hardy will not affect the public roads
in the area. All hauling and shipping will be on private roads. The only mine
using public roads on the Island is Western Mines at Buttle Lake, where production
is hauled to tidewater at Campbell River.
Region 2. Lower Mainland—Commercial truck activity has remained steady
and the only retarding influence was the series of strikes and lockouts. The movement of mobile homes and modular buildings showed an increase, as did the
movement of prefabricated houses and precast beams. When the over-all length of
the load exceeds 100 feet, which is often the case, a steering trailer is used and the
movement is carried out between 2 a.m. and 5 a.m., without creating problems for
the motoring public.
International traffic has increased and almost without exception the industry
has found a back haul for the vehicle used to import produce and machinery. Inbound freight destined for Alaska has been very steady during the year under review.
Region 3. Southern Interior—Headquarters of this region is at Kamloops, and
the region extends north to 100 Mile House, south to Boston Bar, east to Revelstoke,
and west to Lillooet.
Projects affecting trucking in this area were the large expansion of the Kamloops
Pulp Mill; the opening of the Lafarge Cement Company Plant at Campbell Creek;
the development of the Lornex, Brenda, and Similkameen mines; and the construction of a new distillery near Kelowna.
Logging remained steady when labour and weather conditions allowed. There
has been some reorganization of the industry with the construction of new mills at
Okanagan Falls, Princeton, and Armstrong. This new construction will affect the
highway haul of raw material and lumber products.
 Z 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Region 4. Kootenays—This region reported an over-all increase in traffic
during 1970. The most notable increase was at the border scales of Golden and
Fernie and was due to the movement of equipment, machinery, and material for a
number of industrial developments, the most notable of which was the coal development in the Fernie-Natal areas. In addition, the trucking industry benefited by the
expansion of the pipe-lines in the area and the development of mineral resources in
the Columbia Valley and Bull River area. Oil-drilling equipment was moved into
the Flathead Valley during the year. The cost of moving the pipe by issuance of
oversize and overweight permits was approximately $6,000. While this amount may
be small in the light of the over-all expense, it is indicative of the amount of revenue
produced by industrial activity of this type.
Region 5. Central Interior—The headquarters of this region is located at
Prince George, and the Supervisor's area extends from the British Columbia-Alberta
Boundary to the Pacific Ocean, north to Pine Pass on the John Hart Highway, and
south on Highway 97 to the 100 Mile House area.
This region has the largest number of highway logging-trucks in the Province.
In an effort to achieve a greater pay load, a large number of vehicles has been
equipped with compressed-air-operated bunk scales. These scales have been found
to be accurate to within 200 pounds and have enabled the operators who have them
to achieve a maximum pay load. Last year for the first time, highway log hauling
was carried out during the spring breakup. This was due to the use of bunk scales,
as the driver was able to comply with the road weight restrictions imposed during
this period.
The general industrial activity in the central Interior of the Province has sustained the trucking industry in that region and it is to be expected that road transport
in this area will continue to develop to serve the new townsites and industries.
Region 6. Northern Interior—This region comprises all of the Province north
of Pine Pass. The headquarters is at Dawson Creek, where a replacement weigh-
scale building was constructed at Mile 3 on the Alaska Highway.   It was opened for
New weigh-scale at Dawson Creek, showing improved signal system for directing trucks.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT, 1970
Z 13
traffic on May 1, 1970. The new building, with full basement, heat into the scale
pit, air-conditioning, and traffic directional signals is a great improvement over the
old building and signal system.
Truck traffic remained steady throughout the area, with the greatest activity in
the Fort Nelson area. Logging has increased in both the south Peace River area
and in the north Peace River district. It is only recently that any number of restricted route permits were issued in this region, and now there are 75 vehicles
regularly hauling gross loads of 89,000 pounds.
On April 23, 1970, the regulations under the Department of Commercial
Transport Act were changed to allow for a maximum width of 8 feet 6 inches for
commercial vehicles. This change was necessary to permit the line-haul section of
the industry to take full advantage of the modern method of packaging, which is in
modules of 2 feet. With the advent of the new regulation, a full 8 feet of interior
cargo space was made available. This slight increase in over-all width was also of
great assistance in the transportation of stud logs; stripped, piled lumber; and veneer.
Division 10 of the regulations under the Department of Commercial Transport
Act was amended on June 24, 1970, making it mandatory that pilot cars be equipped
with roof-mounted flashing amber lights when escorting oversized loads. This
change also set out the positions to be taken by pilot cars when operating on the
highway.
The prorate reciprocity licence agreement between British Columbia and 16
western American states, as well as our Canadian licence reciprocity agreements with
several Canadian provinces, have been working well, with no major areas of conflict.
In conclusion, I am pleased to report that the Weigh Scale Branch has received
full support and assistance from other Government departments, local police forces,
and from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
PERMIT-ISSUING OFFICES
Weigh-scales
Cache Creek
Chetwynd
Dawson Creek
Deas Island North
Deas Island South
Duncan
Fernie
Fort St. John
Golden
Hunter Creek
Kaleden
Kamloops
Kamloops North
Kinnaird
Midway
Pacific
Parksville
Pattullo Bridge
Port Mann East
Port Mann West
Prince George North
Prince George South
Quesnel
Rossland
Ruskin
Rutland
Saanich
Sicamous
Terrace
Tete Jaune Cache
Tupper Creek
Vanderhoof
Vernon
Victoria (term permits)
Williams Lake
Yahk
Kamloops
Kootenay
Lower Mainland
Portable Patrols
Nelson
Okanagan
Peace River
Prince George
Victoria
 Z 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Department of Finance Government Agents
Alberni
Ashcroft
Atlin
Burns Lake
Clinton
Courtenay
Cranbrook
Creston
Duncan
Fernie
Fort Nelson
Fort St. John
Golden
Grand Forks
Abbotsford
Bella Coola
Campbell River
Castlegar
Chilliwack
Cloverdale
Dawson Creek
Gibsons
Kamloops
Masset
Ganges
Invermere
Kamloops
Kaslo
Kelowna
Kitimat
Lillooet
Merritt
Nanaimo
Nelson
New Westminster
Oliver
Penticton
Pouce Coupe
Powell River
Prince George
Prince Rupert
Princeton
Quesnel
Revelstoke
Rossland
Salmon Arm
Smithers
Terrace
Vancouver
Vanderhoof
Vernon
Williams Lake
Motor-vehicle Branch Offices
Mission
Nakusp
New Denver
New Westminster
North Vancouver
Pemberton
Port Hardy
Queen Charlotte City
Sechelt
Miscellaneous
Slocan
Squamish
Stewart
Trail
Valemount
Vancouver (Main)
Vancouver (East)
Vancouver (Point Grey)
Victoria
Director of Operations, Department of Commercial Transport, Victoria.
Engineering Branch, Department of Commercial Transport, Vancouver.
Comparison of Gross Revenue Collections from Commercial Licence and Permit
Fees for Five-year Period 1965/66 to 1969/70, Inclusive
Source
1965/66
1966/67
1967/68
1968/69
1969/70
$10,674,538
429,067
91,177
98,007
629,453
$11,281,095
459,048
97,934
99,604
706,213
$11,732,631
444,302
100,278
102,337
785,690
$13,010,278
565,877
114,782
113,642
840,305
$14,639,288
715,407
122,556
Temporary operation permits	
Oversize and overweight permits
134,918
889,623
Totals
$11,922,242
$12,643,894
$13,165,238
$14,644,884
$16,501,792
Summary of Commercial-vehicle Licences and Permits Issued
for Five-year Period 1965/66 to 1969/70, Inclusive
Source
1965/66
1966/67
1967/68
1968/69
1969/70
155,670
16,720
16,978
36,732
32 919
165,703
17,085
19,057
38,179
36,101
175,358
16,142
20,929
39,137
44,777
194,332
18,839
21,188
42,814
46,768
215,670
23,684
22,176
49,974
51,218
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT, 1970 Z 15
Revenue from Gasoline and Motive-fuel Use Taxes
for Passenger and Commercial Vehicles
Fiscal Year Amount Fiscal Year Amount
1956/57   $22,593,000                1963/64   $46,420,000
1957/58   24,500,000                1964/65   50,865,000
1958/59   26,100,000                1965/66   56,441,000
1959/60   28,582,000                1966/67   61,388,000
1960/61   30,093,000                1967/68   65,548,000
1961/62   39,262,000                1968/69   69,414,000
1962/63   43,129,000                1969/70   76,115,000
Note—The above information on revenue from gasoline and motive-fuel
taxes has been combined, as separate returns for commercial vehicles are not
available.
Aluminum live-floor chip transport, self-unloading, 45 feet long by 8 feet 6 inches wide.
Capacity, 15.3 units, approximately; empty weight, 16,580 lb.
 Z 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Aluminum live-floor chip transport. Interior view showing details of endless unloading chains
and glides.   Chains are driven by means of two hydraulic motors at rear of trailer.
 Fiscal Year
1960/61
1961/62
1962/63
1963/64
1964/65
1965/66
1966/67
1967/68
1968/69
1969/70
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Commercial Vehicles Licensed
Z 17
Number of
Vehicles
113,514
117,709
125,088
132,267
142,886
155,670
165,703
175,358
194,332
215,670
Commercial-vehicle Licence and Permit Revenue
Fiscal Year
1960/61
1961/62
1962/63
1963/64
1964/65
1965/66
1966/67
1967/68
1968/69
1969/70
$8,371,679
8,854,387
9,127,958
9,902,543
10,809,218
11,922,242
12,643,893
13,165,238
14,644,883
16,501,792
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Two-way transport for hauling mine concentrates in centre-side dump-box
and petroleum products delivery to mine on return trip.
 Z  18 BRITISH COLUMBIA
ENGINEERING BRANCH
(Railways, Aerial Tramways, Pipe-lines, and Industrial
Transportation )
R. E. Swanson, P.Eng., Chief Engineer
The year 1970 has been a year of challenge. The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
has been extending north with two extensions, one north from Fort St. John for 250
miles to Fort Nelson, and the other north from Fort St. James to Dease Lake, a
distance of 350 miles. Freight movement on railways continued to increase steadily.
On the Pacific Great Eastern Railway the increase was due to development in the
forest industry, as new pulp-mills were put into operation in the northern area.
In the Kootenays, and on the British Columbia Harbours Board Railway to Roberts
Bank, the increase in haulage was due to coal, 2,250,000 short tons of coal being
delivered to Roberts Bank by the new railway during the last nine months of 1970.
Wharf and inplant railways increased during the year. Neptune Terminals
Ltd., in North Vancouver, due to the Canadian National Railway coal haul, purchased a diesel-electric locomotive and now runs its own switching operation. Locomotives have been purchased for the new pulp-mill complexes at Mackenzie. Heavy
switching and log hauling is taking place at Fort St. James. The pulp-mills at Prince
George now generate heavy traffic both in chips and pulp, as well as in supplies.
The oil and gas industry has contributed to the increase in freight both by
shipping sulphur and propane products by rail.
Our engineers have been very active. Inspections were made in Kitimat,
Prince Rupert, Prince George, Fort St. John, Dawson Creek, Terrace, Quesnel,
Nelson, Cranbrook, Kamloops, Victoria, Alberni areas, and other points served
by rail.
Propane and oil storage adjacent to railways has been given special attention.
Accidents due to these commodities were as a minimum during the year. A number
of new installations were checked out, approved, and inspected.
New locomotives were approved for the Pacific Great Eastern Railway and the
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Railway, and considerable other
rolling-stock was inspected by our engineers.
Logging railways were quite active. At Crown Zellerbach Canada Ltd., Ladysmith Division, new railway cars were built and inspections carried out. At Engle-
wood, the 75-mile railway of Canadian Forest Products Ltd. was inspected, along
with bridges and rolling-stock. Separate reports made by Inspecting Engineers for
each major railway are included later in this section.
Pipe-line construction has been quite active, with the installation of a number
of compressor stations. In some cases, these stations incorporated water injection
systems for oil recovery in the field. A great amount of technical work has been
done on Canadian Standards Association Codes on oil and gas pipe-lines, as the
Chief Engineer of the Department was appointed by the Canadian Standards Association to be chairman of a number of CSA codes. In 1970, a meeting was held in
Calgary on standards for materials for pipe-lines, and a code is being formulated
by pipe-line engineers from all parts of Canada. This is necessary in order to keep
the pipe and steel manufacturers in line with the technology required in the design
of pipe-lines. Further details are included later in this report by the Inspecting
Engineers, whose duty it is to test and inspect pipe-lines in the field.
A separate section of this report deals with industrial transportation by truck;
however, I wish to point out here that this section of the Engineering Branch works
in liaison with the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, the Workmen's
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 19
Compensation Board, the Motor-vehicle Branch, and the Royal Canadian Mounted
Police, as well as the city police forces. Training courses are conducted by our
engineers, in which the foregoing authorities participate.
The aerial-tramway industry has been very active over the past year, and large
aerial tramways were under construction before the close of the year. The Hells
Gate Aerial Tramway is being constructed to allow the public access to the fish
hatcheries at Hells Gate Canyon on the Fraser River. Difficulties were encountered
in having the design comply with the requirements of the Canadian Standards Association, as the Swiss manufacturers work to European standards. The problems
were solved and the design has been approved in principle, so that construction
commenced in October 1970.
Engineering plans have been studied during the year on the Boston Bar Aerial
Car Ferry, as the design of this tramway is now required to be brought up to the
requirements of the Canadian standards. This work has been progressing in stages
so that, by the end of 1971, it is expected to be completed and, in addition, a rescue
car will be provided in case of emergency.
With regard to Canadian standards and their application to rope-tows, ski-lifts,
and large aerial tramways, the Canadian Standards Passenger Aerial Tramway Code
Z-98 has been chaired since its inception by the Chief Engineer of the Department.
The subcommittees on design and editing are also located in Vancouver, and meetings are held from time to time in the office of the Chief Engineer. The membership
of these subcommittees, with the exception of the chairman of the Main Committee,
are all engineers from industry and not in any way connected with Government.
Consequently, the subcommittees concerned are in a position to render interpretations of the Code for governmental bodies across Canada, including the Federal
Park authorities in Ottawa.
All drawings and specifications of new ski facilities and tramways in British
Columbia are approved by our Engineering Branch, and during the year subsequent
to this approval, our engineers have followed through with inspections prior to the
facilities being certified.
Separate reports by the engineers responsible for these inspections are included
later in this report.
RAILWAYS
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company
Chief Engineer's Report
In accordance with established procedures, inspections were carried out over
the entire year on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. In the early part of the year
during snow and winter breakup, inspections were made of new construction north
of Fort St. John, particularly where public interest could be affected with regard to
the crossing of public thoroughfares by the new railway extensions. Other inspections were made of permanent way, including river crossings, drainage, and all
matters affecting operation.
During the weeks of October 4 and November 22, the official annual inspection
was carried out over the entire line. The trip was made by track motor, starting
from Fort St. John and inspecting new construction north between Fort St. John
and Fort Nelson. Following this, an inspection was made between Fort St. John
and Chetwynd, from Chetwynd to Dawson Creek, from Kennedy to Mackenzie, and
between Summit Lake, Fort St. James, and Camp Kenyon. The inspection then
continued south over the main line to North Vancouver, so that over 1.000 track
 Z 20 BRITISH COLUMBIA
miles were covered on the trip. Appropriate officials of the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway accompanied me during the inspection, which encompassed matters affecting track, right-of-way, operation, dispatching, communications, stations, sidings,
the servicing of industries served by the railway, maintenance facilities, motive
power, and rolling-stock.
During the year, 165,000 creosoted ties were installed as replacements in existing track over the entire line. Between Mileages 51 and 61,10 miles of 100-pound
rail was replaced with 115-pound rail. This is the start of a programme on the part
of the railway to upgrade subdivisions where heavy grades and considerable curvature exist. The economics of such a programme are obvious when one considers
the car loadings and the tonnage now handled by this railway.
The rail re-lay programme completed for 1970 was as follows:
Track
Miles
100-pound rail replaced by 115-pound  10
85-pound rail replaced by 100-pound  191
85-pound rail made available for construction  201
39,000 tons of rail welded into 78-foot lengths  218
I am pleased to report that heavy rail is now continuous from North Vancouver to Prince George, a distance of 460 miles, and that 85-pound rail is continuous from Prince George to Fort St. John. The new construction is utilizing the
85-pound rail made available by this well-timed programme of rail re-lay upgrading.
Sixty-seven miles of crushed rock ballast were installed during the year between
Mileages 393 and 460.3. An excellent job has been done on this ballasting. The
old ballast has been ploughed out and replaced by properly classified crushed rock.
Shoulders have been well formed, with proper ditching and drainage throughout
the completed area of upgrading. Other ballast was laid in various locations
throughout the line in keeping with standard maintenance procedure.
All bridges throughout the line were inspected. It is noted 16 bridges were
upgraded or reconstructed. In some cases bents were renewed, bridges redecked
with fireproof material, steel girders replaced wooden spans, and bents and footings
replaced with concrete. Generally, existing bridges are in quite good condition, with
normal maintenance carried out by company forces; however, the advent of larger
locomotives which weigh 192 tons on six axles demands that the standard of the
bridges be upgraded to accommodate the heavier power. This requirement is
emphasized now that heavy rail permits increased speed with increased impact. It
is now an established practice that five such units are coupled together at the head
end of the train, with two or more units placed farther back and operated by remote
control radio from the head end of the train.
Nine trestles were replaced by culverts and fill. This was done mostly in mountainous terrain to avoid the potential danger of fire due to brake-shoe burn. Some
years ago, a locomotive was lost on Pavilion Mountain when a bridge was destroyed
from this cause. I am pleased to report all the bridges on Pavilion Mountain have
now been replaced by fills and, in most cases, the curvature has been decreased where
such trestles have been replaced by permanent fill. In addition to this work, concrete cribbing has been installed as replacements to hold alignment. This applies
particularly to the Anderson Lake and Seaton Lake areas of the line. On the Peace
River Subdivision, three timber trestles were replaced with concrete-box construction. This design was originated by company engineers subsequent to soil studies
in the Peace River area.
A system of replacing wooden bridges with prestressed-concrete box girders,
using a specially designed gantry crane for installation, was developed by Harry
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 21
Minshall, P.Eng., Chief Engineer, Pacific Great Eastern Railway (retired 1970).
By the use of Mr. Minshall's system, seven major bridges were replaced during 1970
without disrupting traffic to any serious extent. Mr. Minshall utilized prestressed
concrete techniques in his design of these bridges. The box-girder deck accommodates normal ballast and ties over the structure; thus, the shock load is absorbed
without vibration and, of course, the fire hazard from brake-shoe burn is entirely
eliminated. All the designs, including the gantry for installation, were approved by
the Engineering Branch of the Department of Commercial Transport prior to construction, and the bridges, when completed, were inspected.
The Cottonwood, Ahbau, Prince George, Peace River, Deep Creek, Clinton,
and Lillooet bridges have been given special attention during 1970, as these are
the major key bridges on the line. Decks have been renewed where required.
Foundations and abutments were found to be in order. The soil conditions adjacent
to the north abutment of the Cottonwood Bridge were given special attention, as the
ground in this area at times presents problems.
In the West Vancouver area, an agreement was established between the railway
company and the municipality to lay a major sewer on the railway right-of-way. The
construction is being done by the Greater Vancouver Sewerage and Drainage District. Certain problems required special attention in the design, as the railway
bridges in the area are now required to support the 18-inch sewer pipe. Transition
problems from bridge to grade embankment and the placement of manholes and
undercrossings required to be worked out and finalized. In this respect, our Engineering Branch worked directly with the Greater Vancouver Sewerage and Drainage
District so that a plan was approved in principle prior to construction commencing.
During construction, field inspections were made by our engineers and in several
instances the sewer pipe had to be moved or relocated and, in some instances,
manholes were moved to maintan standard clearances as agreed to in the basic
design. This project was not completed by the end of 1970, but completion with
final inspection and approval is expected early in 1971.
In summarizing the main line between Fort St. John and North Vancouver,
it can be stated much has been accomplished during 1970 and the latter years of the
1960's in bringing the entire track structure up to main-line standards. Traffic has
steadily increased, which has justified bigger power and longer trains, which, in turn,
demanded track and substructures to accommodate the bigger power and the
heavier trains and equipment. Management must, therefore, be given credit for its
farsightedness in planning ahead of time to provide the heavier rail, creosoted ties,
crushed-rock ballast, curve alignment, and upgraded bridges. These things cannot
be accomplished overnight and, therefore, good judgment is in evidence on the part
of those who have made the growth of this railway possible.
All the branch lines or operating branch subdivisions were inspected by track
motor. These lines, being feeder lines, are not up to the standards of the main line
with respect to weight of rail, ballast, and heavy construction, but are of a standard
commensurate with branch-line traffic. In particular, it is to be noted the 61-mile
Dawson Creek subdivision is laid with 60- and 70-pound rail and, while the volume
of traffic on this line does not justify main-line standards, the rail is generally
crooked and surface kinked as it is re-lay rail changed out from the main line. The
ballast has a larger-than-average content of small boulders, which make surfacing
very difficult. At the first opportunity that economics justify the expenditure, 85-
pound re-lay rail should be laid. Bridges, crossings, and alignment on this branch
are in order.
The interchange trackage at Dawson Creek between the Alberta Northern
Railway and the Pacific Great Eastern Railway was inspected.   It was noted that the
 Z 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
lock was missing on the derail, and officials were notified accordingly. The grain
elevators at this location have been quite active and a creosoting plant is now operating on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway lines in this area.
Inspection of the "Mackenzie Lead" (not considered to be a subdivision) revealed that traffic on this 20-mile branch has greatly increased. This branch serves
a very large lumber-manufacturing complex, and two pulp-mills were under construction at the time of the inspection. In addition, the branch line serves the Town
of Mackenzie. There is no doubt this 20-mile branch should be laid with 100-pound
rail when such rail is available as re-lay from the main line. All replacement ties on
this branch should be creosoted ties in anticipation of the heavier rail within the next
two years. Actually, considering the volume of traffic and the light rail, this branch
is in quite good condition. The main highway crossing has been relocated and a
recommendation has been made to have this crossing signalized in 1971, but not
later than 1972. Other road crossings have been brought up to standard on this
branch line during 1970.
The bridges were inspected and found to be in a proper state of maintenance.
The yards and close clearances were also inspected in the sawmill and pulp-mill
areas, and approvals are being given with respect to these matters.
A main road or highway exists in the Mackenzie area which crosses the railway, and I am informed this road is owned by the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
Notwithstanding its status with regard to ownership, the railway crossings must be
treated as public crossings and all appropriate signs must be displayed. Company
officials were also instructed that crossings on this road must not be blocked by
trains for periods exceeding five minutes.
The storage of inflammable liquids (oil tanks, etc.) adjacent to the railway
were inspected and approved during the year. These installations are owned and
operated by the oil companies but are served by the railway.
The Takla Lake subdivision or branch line was inspected by track motor.
This line traverses in a westerly direction between Kennedy on the main line to
Fort St. James, a distance of 72.5 miles. The line is being extended and construction will extend the steel an additional 72.5 miles in a northwesterly direction. It is
planned that construction will continue ultimately to Dease Lake. At present the
line serves a sawmill and plywood complex at Fort St. James, besides serving oil-
storage facilities (which were also inspected and approved), as well as serving the
town and the area of Fort St. James and Pinchi Lake.
This line is laid with 85-pound rail and is in a much improved condition over
the past year. The track and structures are adequate for the type and volume of
traffic, and it will serve its purpose until the extension imposes heavier traffic and
speed is increased as urgency demands.
The Prince George Industrial Park was inspected and found to be in order.
Various trader sidings were examined and clearances checked. A large number of
machinery houses have established themselves in this complex, and a number of
manufacturers and treaters of wood products are served by the railway in this area.
Generally, it can be reported that the track and rail facilities are in proper order
and the area is being properly served by the railway.
The yards, trackages, and interchanges of the Prince George Pulp and Paper
Limited, the Intercontinental Pulp Company Ltd., the Northwood Pulp Limited,
and the Union Oil Company of Canada Limited were inspected. Generally, the
trackage and facilities are satisfactory and in order and, where switched by the Pacific
Great Eastern Railway, no problems of any consequence exist; however, at the
Northwood Pulp Limited plant, where the pulp company does its own inplant switching, a number of problems have been encountered with respect to the pulp company's
own switching personnel.   These matters were found to be of a domestic nature, and
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 23
one of our engineers was dispatched to this plant to investigate, after which the
domestic problems were satisfactorily settled.
An inspection was made of the branch line that services the McMahon Plant of
Pacific Petroleums Ltd. at Taylor. This line is switched by the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway. The inspection revealed the tank-loading facilities were satisfactory,
having been upgraded over the past two years. The track, clearances, signals, and
operation were found to be in order.
The yard at Williams Lake was checked out and facilities for refuelling were
investigated. Considerable improvements have been made by the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway in this area. An automatic signal was ordered in 1969 for the
Chilcotin Road crossing adjacent to the new South Yard. At the time of the inspection, the signal was not installed.
During the annual inspection trip, particular attention was paid to the matter
of weed control and chemical spraying. In the Squamish area, municipal authorities
have gone on record as being adverse to the use of chemicals for this purpose. I
disagree entirely and would state that, for the control of deciduous trees, no adverse
ecological effect is in evidence after 30 years' experience in this field. A fairly good
job has been done by the contractors of this work, but the evergreens persist. In
this regard, it is probable slashing will give the best and most acceptable result.
It can be reported, however, that the matter of weed control is being adequately
handled by the railway.
The station facilities were inspected between North Vancouver and Prince
George. Housekeeping was in order and washroom facilities are being properly
maintained. Platforms required to have the yellow line repainted at Lillooet and
Quesnel.   This was drawn to the attention of the officials.
Communications were inspected from time to time over the year, and operating
checks were made during the annual inspection trip. A new dispatch centre has
been installed in North Vancouver, where all communications are dispatched and
received via microwave. During the year the new railway extensions in the north
have demanded an expansion of the microwave system and an addition of a telephone system interconnected with the British Columbia Telephone Company system.
In the northern area, repeater stations were required to be constructed. In
most instances, no commercial power is available and power is generated by small
diesel plants. These are unattended and are operated by remote control by the use
of radio. In one instance, a station caught fire and was destroyed and required to
be replaced. Most of the northern microwave installations have not been inspected,
but all of them have been discussed with the Chief Communications Officer of the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
The Communications Department of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway is also
responsible for all signalization at railway crossings. The policy has been well
established that each year an assessment is made of all level crossings and an average
of four crossings per year have been installed on this railway. During 1970, five
new signals were placed in operation. Some of these were a carry-over from 1969,
while some of the 1970 signalizations have been carried over to 1971. During the
1970 inspection trip, four crossings were scheduled for signalization in 1971. Three
of these are in the Pemberton area and one is in the Mackenzie area. It is probable
that West Vancouver will apply for the signalization of one or two crossings in 1971
and, if so, the application will be assessed and, if in order, approved for installation.
Shop facilities were inspected and it can be reported the new car shop at
Squamish was put into operation during the year. This new complex adds considerably to the enlarged locomotive shops completed last year. This new facility will
enable the railway to effectively cope with the AAR rules in the repair and rebuild-
 Z 24 BRITISH COLUMBIA
ing of railway cars to international standards for the interchange of rolling-stock
between railways. The shops incorporate a paint shop, a blacksmith shop, spring
shop, wheel shop, electric shop, locomotive rebuilding shop, and a shop to rebuild
track-building equipment such as tampers, speeders, and bulldozers.
The shops at Prince George and North Vancouver were inspected and found
to be in order and adequate for present requirements.
During the year the Pacific Great Eastern Railway ordered and took delivery
of five new 3,000-horsepower diesel-electric locomotives. These engines weigh 192
tons each in working order and are in addition to the four units of the same type
delivered in 1969. These locomotives are standard in all respects; in fact, they all
worked their way in service on the Canadian Pacific Railway across Canada from
Montreal to Vancouver. This effected a tremendous saving in freight, and the
engines were ready to be put in service the day they arrived on Pacific Great Eastern
Railway lines. In addition, a wrecking crane (big hook) was delivered in 1970,
so that one is now located in Prince George and one is located in Squamish.
During the year, the Engineering Department of the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway moved from Vancouver to North Vancouver into a new building constructed
adjacent to the Operating, Communications, and Dispatching Departments.
On the northern extension from Fort St. John to Fort Nelson, a distance of 250
miles, progress can be reported as follows:
Miles
Grading completed  212.5
Rail and ties laid  115.6
Ballasting completed      71.6
Inspections were made during the year on various phases of this construction.
In one case, reports of improper drainage by a farmer were investigated and corrections made. In another case, reports of problems at level crossings were investigated and corrective measures were ordered to be put into effect. During the annual
inspection trip, the construction was inspected and level crossings were checked. It
can be reported that two major grade crossings in the Fort St. John area have been
signalized and the signals were in operation at the time of the inspection. Mackenzie
Avenue, when signalized, incorporated a flashing forewarning sign to vehicular
traffic on the north approach. At Airport Road in Fort St. John, the automatic
signal is our standard approved design and incorporates a warning bell.
Stop signs to vehicular road traffic were ordered at most level crossings during
the construction stage, but in most cases these are eliminated when the line is opened
for traffic and the crossings are given final approval. It can be reported the construction of the Fort St. John to Fort Nelson Extension is progressing, so that it is
expected to be opened for traffic during 1971.
The Takla Lake Extension from Fort St. James to Takla Lake, a distance of
72.5 miles, was inspected, and I would report as follows:
Miles
Grading 100 per cent completed  30
Grading 50 per cent completed  42.5
Rail and ties laid     6
On the Dease Lake Extension, from records obtained from the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway, I would report as follows:
Miles
Total survey of Takla Extension    350
Clearing completed 100 per cent      18
During the year all accidents were investigated by our engineers. A fatal
accident occurred on construction when a bridge worker was knocked from a gilley
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 25
board. Preventive measures were instituted to avoid a recurrence. The Safety
Officer of the railway worked closely with our engineers on all matters pertaining to
safety, as safety on railways is the responsibility of the Department of Commercial
Transport, rather than of the Workmen's Compensation Board, and our responsibility extends to all switching areas in the Province of British Columbia.
Conclusion—It can be reported that the Pacific Great Eastern Railway is being
properly maintained and properly operated commensurate with serving the public in
a safe and proper manner. It can also be reported that the extensions of this railway
are being located and constructed in a proper and efficient manner. — Robert E.
Swanson, P.Eng., Chief Engineer.
Roberts Bank Superport Railway
R. E. Swanson, Chief Engineer
The Roberts Bank Superport Railway of the British Columbia Harbours
Board was opened for traffic on April 6, 1970. This opening for traffic was subsequent to a final inspection of the line on March 24, pursuant to section 179 (4) of
the Railway Act. The inspection trip was made by two track motors with officials
of the British Columbia Harbours Board, the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, the
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, and the Canadian Transport Commission accompanying me. In view of the jurisdictional bodies being Federal and
Provincial, and in consideration of representation from the British Columbia Hydro
and Power Authority and from the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, this trip was
carried out as a joint inspection.
The rail route to Roberts Bank, in order to interconnect with the Canadian
Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway, begins at Fort Langley by
branching from the Canadian National Railway main line and traversing 2.2 miles
in a southerly direction, joining with the Fraser Valley Branch of the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Railway at Mileage 21.73. The route then
traverses over British Columbia Hydro lines in a southerly direction to Mileage
14.35, a distance of 6.38 miles. At this mileage, the tracks join the British Columbia
Harbours Board Railway at a point designated as "View." The route then continues on the British Columbia Harbours Board Railway in a westerly direction for
a distance of 6.95 miles, where the rails join with those of the Burlington Northern
Railway. The route then continues west on the Burlington Northern Railway a
distance of 0.72 mile, where it again joins with the British Columbia Harbours
Board Railway at Mileage 7.67. From this point it continues in a general westerly
direction to Mileage 21.6, where is connects with the in-plant railway of the Kaiser
Coal Limited. The in-plant railway of Kaiser Coal Limited includes a loop which
permits a unit train to move ahead through the dumping process, and when this is
completed to continue around the area on its return trip in an easterly direction.
It is evident from the foregoing description that, in order to make an assessment of the total trackage involved and the operating conditions to be encountered,
it was advisable that the inspection party start at Fort Langley and travel west over
the entire route, picking up or dropping off those officials who were only concerned
with their own integrated section of line.
On March 23, the day before the official inspection, a nonrevenue Canadian
Pacific Railway coal train was taken over the line from Colebrook to Roberts Bank,
a distance of 15 miles. This train was manned by British Columbia Hydro crews
and it carried slack coal to bed in the unloading equipment of Kaiser Coal Limited
at the Roberts Bank superport. The train was operated at restricted speeds to
observe crossings and track structures prior to the official inspection.   The opera-
 Z 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA
tion of the train through the dumper was observed, and notes were taken of problems
which arose in the handling of this new train operation.
My reports of March 25, 1970 and April 1, 1970, submitted pursuant to section 179 (4) of the Railway Act, confirmed the railway was properly constructed
and that it was laid with 115-pound rail with 3,000 creosoted ties to the mile on
crushed-rock ballast and installed to main-line standards. The reports required that
certain speed restrictions were to be placed in effect at highway crossings where automatic protection had been ordered, but installations were not complete at the time
of the inspection. In addition, the reports recommended an over-all speed limit of
30 miles per hour for the first 30 days of operation, with slower speeds at specific
points where deemed necessary. The reports recommended that the line be opened
for traffic in accordance with the requirements of the Railway Act. Individual and
specific Orders in Council were approved on April 6, 1970 by the Government of
the Province of British Columbia, declaring both the British Columbia Harbours
Board Railway and the applicable portion of the route over British Columbia Hydro
lines open for the carriage of traffic.
Subsequent to the filing of agreements as to the joint use of track by the railways affected, and the application of the Uniform Code of Operating Rules with
respect to the operation of such trains over the Federally controlled railways affected,
the Canadian Transport Commission, upon application, issued general orders
approving the operation of trains and the use of the Uniform Code. The Commission also issued general orders approving the rail interconnections between the
Canadian National Railways and the British Columbia Hydro Railway, and between
the Burlington Northern Railway and the British Columbia Harbours Board Railway. These orders require to be ratified on the part of the Government of British
Columbia.
Immediately the foregoing procedures had been complied with, the railway was
placed in operation. The average traffic has been one unit train per day of 87 cars,
each car loaded with 100 tons. The Canadian Pacific Railway reports 2,245,834
short tons were hauled over this line during the first nine months of operation.
The railway operating unions expressed the requirement that a "number one"
brake test be conducted at Roberts Bank before an empty train was returned. The
rules do not stipulate that such a test is mandatory; however, the Canadian Pacific
Railway felt it would be good policy to comply with the wish of the operating unions,
and the Canadian Transport Commission recommended the air-brake tests to be
carried out. Between May 15 and July 10, our engineers and engineers from the
Canadian Transport Commission conducted and witnessed air-brake tests on each
train arriving at Roberts Bank. Of 3,650 cars inspected, only 14 showed minor
defects over the test period of nearly two months. It is, therefore, felt the requirement of a "number one" air-brake test at the unloading point is a redundancy.
During original construction, a total of 12 level highway crossings were signalized over the entire route from Livingstone Road to Roberts Bank, a distance of
27.98 miles. Seven signalized crossings were on the British Columbia Harbours
Board 21.6-mile section, with five on the 6.38-mile section of the British Columbia
Hydro Railway. After construction, the various municipalities requested that additional crossings be signalized. Following joint inspections by our Engineering
Branch and the municipalities concerned, recommendations were submitted to the
Minister that 12 additional level crossings be signalized, eight on the British Columbia Harbours Board 21.6-mile section and four on the 6.38-mile British Columbia
Hydro section of the route, making a total of 24 signalized crossings ordered to be
installed over the total route of 27.98 miles.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 27
Orders in Council were subsequently approved in which the Minister of Commercial Transport ordered that the 12 additional signals be installed and maintained
as recommended.
During the official inspection trip, prior to the official opening of the line, it
was noted the "first generation" of 12 signals were installed and working over the
total route of 27.98 miles and that none of the "second generation" had, up to that
date, been installed.
A follow-up inspection was made of the line in November, when it was noted
the original "first generation" of signals were in order, but all of the "second generation" of signals had yet to be installed. In checking with the operating authorities,
it was reported all of the signals were on order but delivery had not been made. A
further check was made at the end of 1970 and the signal material had not yet
arrived. In checking further, our Engineering Branch was assured the signals would
be installed immediately they were delivered.
During the November inspection of the line, the matter of Central Traffic Control was investigated. The necessary equipment was installed and all signals and
switches were in place. A further inspection late in December revealed the equipment was working. A recommendation was made and an Order in Council passed
approving the integration and interconnection of the Central Traffic Control system
with the Burlington Northern Railway. At this writing, negotiations are under way
to integrate the Central Traffic Control on the 6.38-mile section of the British Columbia Hydro Railway so that the entire system can be interconnected with the Canadian
Pacific, Canadian National, British Columbia Hydro, British Columbia Harbours
Board, Burlington Northern, and the Pacific Great Eastern Railways.
Prior to the line being opened for traffic, an agreement in accordance with the
Railway Act was entered into between the British Columbia Harbours Board Railway and the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. This agreement makes provision and
stipulates that, inasmuch as this railway is owned in the right of the British Columbia
Harbours Board, the Pacific Great Eastern Railway will operate the line on behalf
of the British Columbia Harbours Board.
During the planning and approval of this railway, five grade separations were
agreed upon, as follows: Pacific Highway, King George VI Highway, Highway 499,
Highway 17, and Arthur Drive. During construction a rail overpass was completed
at Highway 499 and, with a relocation of Hornby Drive, both Highway 499 and
Hornby Drive were overpassed by the railway. At Highway 17 a highway overpass
was constructed and in operation by December 1970. This eliminated the temporary signalized level crossing adjacent to the overpass and, at this writing, the level
crossing has been eliminated and the signal is being relocated. The grade separations at Pacific Highway and King George VI Highway are not yet constructed.
This is due to a highway relocation in one case and the establishment of foundations
in the other. The overpass at Arthur Drive is dependent upon the ultimate location
of rail sidings and other conditions in the Municipality of Delta and is, therefore,
being held in abeyance pending final planning.
Conclusion—It can be reported that the Roberts Bank Superport Railway of
the British Columbia Harbours Board is being operated in a safe and efficient
manner, that the track and structures are in a safe condition, and that the general
good of the Province of British Columbia is being properly served. — Robert E.
Swanson, P.Eng., Chief Engineer.
 Z 28
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The first train to arrive at Roberts Bank passing through the rotary dumper.
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority
Fraser Valley Branch Line
Inspecting Engineer's Report
On Thursday, December 10, 1970, an inspection was made of the railway
facilities of the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority in the New Westminster and Fraser Valley areas.
In company with Mr. G. T. Powers, Assistant Railway Engineer, and Mr. W.
Alcock, Roadmaster, a trip was made by rail car between New Westminster and
Chilliwack, a distance of 63.80 miles of main-line track. At this time, sidings, passing tracks, yards, buildings, and bridges were inspected.
An efficient track-maintenance programme was carried out during the past year
with 11,000 yards of ballast, 10,000 creosoted ties, 3,000 rail anchors, and 2,000
tie-plates laid. Twenty miles of ditching was done along the right-of-way and sight-
line brush-cutting to improve visibility at crossings was also carried out. There is
a two-year programme of sterilization and brush control in effect on this railway
line, of which 20 miles of dormant spraying was done.
Automatic signalization has been completed and placed in operation at the
following level road crossings:
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT, 1970
Z 29
Mile
       4.57
Scott Road at Victoria     3.51
Scott Road at Kennedy
New McLellan Road 1 (Highway 10)
New McLellan Road 2	
Fraser Way	
Carvolth Crescent	
Langley Bypass (Highway 10)
Crush Crescent 	
12.04
16.25
16.95
17.13
18.13
19.40*
* Flashing light to vehicular traffic only.
Automatic signalization has been approved for the following level road crossings, but installations are not yet completed:
ings:
Halls Prairie Road _   _   .
Mile
___      14.64
Latimer Road	
     _„.               15.61
Glover Road	
  20.45
Livingstone Road  ...
..        21.73
Vedder Road ...    .   ._.
      . .    61.07
signs to vehicular traffic
Worrell Road	
were installed at the following level re
Mile
     ...    ....                    19.15
Crush Crescent	
      19.42
Smith Road __.
     ..          .                  19.65
Topham Road
—.    .                                 19.90
Roberts Road _ _.   _
    28.37
Le Feuver Road...
         28.77
Rand Road _ _   	
    29.02
Bradner Road
29.79
Ross Road
30.85
Mount Lehman Road
31.92
Burgess Road	
Harris Road
    32.32
    .....    33.82
Glenmore Road
  34.37
Gladwin Road
  35.50
Township Line Road
                35.97
Downes Road
  37.05
Valley Road
  37.94
Industrial Road
  38.32
Morey Road	
  39.09
There were 1,100 feet of passing track and a 2,000-foot extension lead to
Timberland Lumber Mills installed in 1970.
New leads were installed to Reliance Foundry Co. Ltd., Irly Bird Lumber Co.,
Fulkener Wood Specialties Ltd., and Associated Foundry Ltd.
A new unloading ramp was built at Tenth Avenue and Jemmit Street in the
New Westminster yard area to accommodate the unloading of trilevel railway cars
which transport new automobiles from the eastern factories to the West Coast.
The bridges at Serpentine River, Salmon River, Matsqui Slough, Marshall
Creek, Sumas River, Thompson Road, Saar Creek, Bullman Road, Arnold Slough,
Marion Road, Knox Slough, Vedder River, and Chilliwack River were inspected
and found to be in good condition.   The Bullman Road Bridge was rebuilt early in
 Z 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA
the year due to fire damage attributed to arson. The Vedder River steel bridge was
inspected. This bridge was strengthened and repainted in 1965. The approaches
were properly aligned and no scouring appeared to be taking place in the substructure.
The locomotive and car shop were inspected and found to be clean and properly
maintained during the year. The shop staff handled four main-engine overhauls,
eight locomotive-truck overhauls, and painted three locomotives, as well as maintaining a total of 17 diesel-electric locomotives, two electric locomotives, and a diesel
line car.
Orders have been placed for the delivery of two cabooses in 1971, and one six-
axle 2,000-hp. diesel-electric locomotive.
Regular inspections have been made of all the motive power and rolling-stock
during the year, and annual certificates have been issued in accordance with the rules
and regulations.—D. B. Burgess, Inspecting Engineer.
Recreational Railways
Chief Engineer's Report
Fort Steele Historic Foundation—Fort Steele was founded in 1896 as an outpost of law and order. During those boisterous years before the turn of the century,
Sam Steele, of the Northwest Mounted Police, was dispatched to the area, where a
town was founded and named after him. As the years went by and civilization replaced the gold diggings, and railways superseded the old stern-wheel river packets,
the town of Fort Steele went the way of Barkerville, and the miners moved on.
The restoration of Barkerville preserves a page in our history in the same way
the restoration of Fort Steele creates a museum displaying the development of our
East Kootenays, so that the restorations of these ghost towns is a commendable
achievement by those responsible for the work.
In restoring Fort Steele, 2 miles of railway were laid, using the original rails
laid in the construction of the early railways in the Crowsnest area, and the locomotive Dunrobin, vintage 1895, was restored, with two railway coaches to operate
over the 2-mile line as a tourist attraction.
During the summer months of 1970, Dunrobin carried 26,425 revenue passengers. The train is operated each year by the McTavish family on a concession
basis, so that the railway project is self-supporting.
It was felt more of British Columbia should be preserved in the Fort Steele
Museum and, as a result, a Corliss steam-generating engine was contributed by a
Coast lumber firm. Last year, a Pacific Coast Shay locomotive, complete with flat-
cars, tank-cars, and shop boiler, was donated by an anonymous donor to Fort Steele.
The big, steam Shay locomotives were the work-horses of the British Columbia
woods, so that this restored locomotive will create a tremendous sensation, especially
to those small boys filled with wonder, as well as to the old-timers who logged and
railroaded during the glory days of steam in the British Columbia woods.
The Fort Steele Railway is in good condition. The equipment has been tested
and certified, and this recreational railway is serving the public by providing enjoyment and fulfilling the educational requirements that only a science museum can
provide.
Cowichan Valley Forest Museum — The Cowichan Valley Forest Museum,
located on the Trans-Canada Highway 2 miles north of Duncan, extended its 3-foot-
gauge railway in 1970 to provide a longer ride and to make the simulation of the
early days of logging more realistic.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970 Z 31
Three steam locomotives and two gasoline locomotives operate on this recreational railway during the summer months. Along the route, old retired locomotives stand silently by on sidings beneath the trees, as though they were still in
service hauling British Columbia's huge forest giants to the salt chuck. Old spool
donkeys poke their smokestacks up through the trees, and old oxen yokes, handsaws,
and all the paraphernalia of the pioneer logger are on display in Jerry Wellburn's
Forest Museum on Vancouver Island.
The locomotives and equipment were tested and certified during the year, and
it can be reported the track is in good, safe condition. This museum railway fulfils
a need in today's society, the public is being served and, at the same time, enjoyment
and education are being provided.
Canadian Forest Products Ltd.
Inspecting Engineer's Report
During the week of November 16 to 25, an inspection was made of the railway bridges and equipment of Canadian Forest Products Railway at Englewood.
In company with Mr. A. Home and Mr. G. Collins, Roadmaster and Bridge
Foreman respectively, the inspection was made by track motor from Woss Camp
to Sutton Reload at the south end of the railway and from Woss Camp north to
Beaver Cove at Tidewater.    The inspection covered the main line, sidings, shop
tracks, yards, and reload sidings.   There are approximately 114 miles of standard-
gauge track, including sidings and spur lines.
The following conditions were noted:
Sutton Reload: In good condition.    Switches properly lined and derails in
place.   Some packing required at switches and guard-rails.
Alston Creek Bridge: In good condition.    There is some debris at bridge
pilings, this to be cleaned out to prevent any further buildup.
Bridge 59.2: In good condition.   Creek bed cleaned out by bulldozer to clear
channel of rock buildup.
Sutton Creek Bridge: Redecked in 1968 and in good condition.   Rail anchors
are required at south approach to prevent rail movement.   The creek bed
was cleaned out this year.
Vernon Camp Yard: In good condition.    Some packing required at switches
and guard-rails.   Loose material to be kept 6 feet clear of gauge side of
rail.
Fire Creek Bridge: In good condition.    It was reported low at north end in
1969.   This was due to crushing which was rectified by shimming-up in
December 1969.   New Jordan rails are to be installed in 1971.
Maquilla Creek Bridge: Rebuilt in 1967 and is in good condition.    The rail
curve at Mile 50.5, south approach to bridge, to have super elevation
corrected.
Davie Creek Bridge: In good condition.   Requires tie-plates at south end of
bridge approach.   The mud sill at north end to be reconstructed.   There
are two split ties and a few broken tie-plates to be replaced.
Groves Creek Bridge: In good condition.
Groves Creek Bridge Annex: In good condition.   Caps of yellow cedar.   Two
staging planks and eight ties rock-damaged at south end to be replaced.
Large rock to be removed to prevent damage to pilings of No. 2 Bent.
Bugle Creek Bridge: Will be replaced by culvert and fill in early 1971.
Kla-anch Creek Bridge: Combination rail and vehicular traffic.   Nimpkish end
shows signs of crushing.   Stringers, ties, and decking to be renewed in
 Z 32 BRITISH COLUMBIA
spring of 1971. Bracing caps and stringers on hinged-arch span were
drilled and found to be in a good, sound condition.
Davie Creek Bridge HO Line: Tower bent appears to be leaning a few inches
out of line. These bents have been snored up to prevent any further
movement. It is reported that the bridge is to be rebuilt in 1971. The
south approach to the bridge requires a number of ties replaced and rail
anchors installed to prevent rail movement.
Gold Creek Bridge: In good condition. Queen-post span to be raised at north
end and new ties laid in 1971.
Twin Bridge 10: In good condition. Some tie movement at rail joints to be
corrected by installing rail anchors. There are a number of undersized ties
at the north end that require to be shimmed or replaced.
Twin Bridge 11: In good condition.   It was rebuilt in 1969.
Steel Creek Bridge: New bridge completed and open for traffic in December
1969.
Mile 21.5 Bridge: In good condition.    Stringers drill-tested for soundness.
Kinman Creek Bridge: In good condition.
Storey Creek Bridge: In good condition.
Noomas Creek Bridge: In good condition.
Halfway Island Bridge: In good condition. One broken mud-sill plank at
south end is to be replaced.
Tsultan Creek Bridge: In good condition. Bracing was respiked this year. The
concrete footings at Tower Bents inspected and a little evidence of undermining was noted; however, this does not affect the bridge structure as
the pilings are driven down to hard rock and concrete poured to prevent
scouring.
East Fork Bridge: New span stringers redecked, bracing respiked. Rail on upstream side elevated. Queen-post span braces tightened, all caps are
creosoted and in good condition.
Elk River Bridge: Stringers and decking renewed 1969/70, mud sills rebuilt.
There are a number of angle-plate bolts that require tightening, underbrush is to be cleared out this year.
Kokish River Bridge: Steel-span bridge was repainted last year. Decking and
rails are in good condition.
Span Mile 0.04: This is a three-bent bridge. Bents were new in 1969. Span
stringers and decking are in good condition.
Beaver Cove Dump and Trestle: This trestle has all treated piles. The decking
and ties are in good condition. The bracing is to be replaced as required
due to log damage caused by log dumping. There is one pile split, which
requires to be banded. The water-line at the far end of the trestle
requires repairs. Damage was caused by the sudden freeze-up. The
dump machinery and equipment were inspected and a hydro test was
applied to the air reservoir. The fire extinguishers are to be tested and
dated.
Generally, the track is in good condition and being well maintained. Three
miles of light rail were replaced by 85-pound steel. Five miles of ballast has been
installed and 13,000 ties replaced. A total of 15,000 tie-plates and 15,000 rail
anchors were installed over the line to prevent rail movement. Approximately 5
miles of ditching was carried out during the past year to accommodate water run-off.
Brush cutting was done as required along the right-of-way.
In checking the observance of rules, it was noted that sectionmen were
observed to be working under proper flag protection, as prescribed by Rule 103.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 33
Self-propelled crew rail-cars 121, 122, 123, 125, 129, 130, and diesel-electric
locomotives 251 and 252 were inspected and hydro tests applied to air reservoirs.
Diesel-electric locomotives 301, 302, and 303 were inspected. Power crane 7001
and diesel locomotive crane 3 were inspected. Certificates for the above motive
power are being issued.
Seven cars were scrapped and 22 cars rebuilt. There were 342 wheels changed
and 230 cars repaired. Air tests revealed 91 Kl triples and 40 AB triple valves
required change outs. A number of skeleton logging-cars were inspected and found
to be in good condition, with the testing of air-brake equipment being carried out
at regular intervals by company forces.
All crossings were inspected and it was noted cross block signs, vehicle stop
signs, and whistle posts were being maintained in accordance with the rules.
Summary—It can be reported this railway is in a good condition and is being
well maintained. The bridge rebuilding programme is well in hand and will be
completed during 1971. The continued upgrading of trackage and structures
emphasizes the confidence this company places in the economics of the haulage of
timber products by railway, particularly where the combined use of railway and
trucks constitute an integrated haulage system.—D. F. Burges, Inspecting Engineer.
Crown Zellerbach Canada Logging Railway,
Ladysmith to Nanaimo Lakes
Inspecting Engineer's Report
On November 19, 1970 the annual inspection was made of the logging railroad from Ladysmith to Nanaimo Lakes, a distance of 22 miles. The inspection
was made by rail car and in company with Mr. Bob Harrison, Resident Forestry
Engineer.
In general, the track was found to be in good condition and well maintained;
however, a considerable amount of ballasting and tie replacement is required. During
1970, on a regular maintenance programme, approximately 7,000 ties had been
replaced and an equal number is planned for renewal in 1971.
Halsam Creek Bridge: Rails are loose and require respiking.  The south end
up to bent No. 3 is scheduled for replacement in 1971.
Nanaimo River Bridge: The stringers on bent No. 3 at north end of the bridge
had been previously shimmed and now again require shimming.   It would
appear that the pilings are settling into the ground and should, therefore,
be regularly checked for any further settling.    Also one split rail was
noticed at six rail-lengths from the south end of the bridge.   The stringers
and decking on the south end wood span were replaced in 1970.
Boulder Creek Bridge: The west end approach requires new ties and ballasting.
Deadwood Bridge: The west end approach requires ballasting.    It was also
noted that one very short piece of rail had been laid at three rail-lengths
from the west end of the bridge.   This appears to be an unsafe practice,
particularly since the angle plates and rails were also loose.
The defects noted were brought to the attention of Mr. Bruce King, and immediate steps were taken to have them corrected.—John Dyck, Inspecting Engineer.
 Z 34 BRITISH COLUMBIA
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. (Chemainus Division)
Inplant Railway
Inspecting Engineer's Report
On Friday, October 23, 1970, after inspecting steam locomotive 1055, an
inspection was made of the inplant trackage at the above site.
The track in general is clean and well maintained, except for a few ties which
require replacing near the entrance to the loading-shed and also at the switch leading
to the scow-loading ramp. The points of this switch also require attention due to
wear and chipping.
The new spur to accommodate the unloading of oil tank-cars for the boiler-
house was found to be in order. Oil barges are unloaded into a tank farm near the
log dump, and single cars of oil are shunted to this spur. The transferral of oil is
accomplished by use of a steam-driven duplex pump mounted on the tank-car.—
E. A. Smith, Inspecting Engineer.
INDUSTRIAL TRANSPORTATION
The logging industry as a whole experienced a general slowdown through most
of 1970. This, together with the early arrival of winter, resulted in a low-production
year.
With many logging operations closed for much of 1970, the number of vehicle
inspections and driver-training sessions was considerably reduced from the previous
year.
One statistic which showed an increase, unfortunately, was that of industrial
road accidents. Of the 24 vehicle accidents reported, six of these resulted in a total
of seven fatalities. Investigation of these accidents indicated that the cause, with
one exception, did not originate with equipment failure but rather from driver failure.
It would appear that the attitude of some truck-drivers has become one of unconcern
both for the equipment and for other drivers on the same road. The answer to this
increasing problem may lie in the handing-out of stiffer suspensions to those offenders who ignore safe working practices.
The one accident involving equipment failure occurred on a crew bus. Fortunately, this upset resulted in only minor injuries to the passengers. The cause of
this accident originated in a wheel-bearing failure, which in turn allowed the wheel
and brake drum to move outward from the bus. This in turn caused a failure when
the brakes were applied. A repetition of this type of accident is highly improbable
as dual braking systems are now being installed in new equipment.
The logging industry did not introduce any new types of hauling equipment into
the Province during 1970, but the Department did get involved with the braking
systems on some of the monster ore-hauling units being used at various mine-sites.
Working in close co-operation with the staff of the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, members of the Engineering Branch of this Department made a
careful study of the operation of these units, and in particular the brake systems
used. As a result of these inspections, factory braking specifications were modified
to meet the requirements of the Industrial Transportation Act, thus providing a
greater margin of safety for the operators of those vehicles.
Regarding air-brake lectures, two sessions of three days each were conducted
for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police at their semiannual traffic conferences in
Victoria in the months of March and November. This programme was again well
received by the traffic members of the RCMP, as it is almost impossible for them to
make comprehensive checks of air-equipped vehicles without first having taken this
type of training.   This continuing programme of training has resulted in a more
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT, 1970
Z 35
intensive check of vehicles operating on public highways, and companies are more
cognizant of the need to maintain their vehicle braking systems in a satisfactory
manner. This has resulted in fewer accidents on our highways than otherwise would
have occurred.
The proposed change in the issuance of driver licences by the Motor-vehicle
Branch of the Attorney-General's Department imposed an added work load toward
the end of the year under review, as many highway truck-operators requested airbrake lectures and examinations in order to qualify for "air tickets." The reason for
this action is that if they are licensed under the Industrial Transportation Act they
are more likely to qualify for a licence under the Motor-vehicle Act. Other lectures
and examinations were held at the various vocational schools throughout the Province for budding mechanics and heavy-duty equipment operators.
Night school courses covering the operation and maintenance of air brakes on
heavy-duty vehicles were conducted in the lecture room of the Vancouver office
of the Department in February and March. Due to the pressure of other work,
inspectors were not available to hold more than a limited number of these courses,
and as a result many mechanics and operators were not able to receive the benefit
from these instructive lectures and demonstrations.
In co-operation with the Department of Highways personnel and local school
district representatives, air-brake lectures were conducted in Kamloops, Merritt,
and Williams Lake. The response to this programme was so great that in one instance the meeting had to be moved to a larger hall.
It can be seen from the foregoing that an inspector, when addressing a meeting,
does not simply deliver a stock lecture. One night he may be talking to a group of
mechanics, the next a group of logging-truck drivers, the following week it may be
a class of students, or inspectors from the Motor-vehicle Branch or the Workmen's
Compensation Board.
This diversified lecture and instruction programme, with demonstrations using
actual equipment which is installed on heavy-duty trucks, has been a continuing one
since 1955. Much good has resulted from this close contact with operators. Over
this period of time more than 9,000 operators have been certified. — John F.
Kirkland, Inspecting Engineer.
Air-brake Lectures and Examinations Conducted During 1970
Lectures held	
Lecture attendance
Logging-truck operators certified
41
1,243
591
Vocational school (air-brake examinations)       288
RCMP (air-brake examinations)         58
Heavy-duty mechanics air-brake course        15
Additional Lectures and Examinations Held for Other Agencies
Number Attendance
Haney Correctional Institution  1 34
Lake Cowichan School District  1 49
Standard Oil Company, Burnaby  2 48
City of Port Alberni  1 10
British Columbia Institute of Technology  1 68
Kamloops School District  2 170
Merritt School District   2 142
Williams Lake School District  2 104
 Z 36
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Pulp-mill, Quesnel, showing plant railway service-trackage.
Unique Log-haulage System at Ootsa Lake
A log-hauling operation, unique in the history of the forest industry, is now in
operation in British Columbia where inland log species are being towed in 100-ton
bundles down Ootsa Lake, hauled by truck and trailer over the 3,500-foot summit
of Sandifer Pass through the Coast Mountain Range to Kemano Bay, dumped in
tidewater, and towed 50 miles to the new Eurocan pulp-mill at Kitimat. This is the
first time Interior wood fibre has been blended with Coast wood fibre for pulp manufacture.
The 34-mile industrial road, one of the very few penetrating the rugged coastal
range, was laid out and engineered in 1967 and completed in 1969. After traversing
the pass, it drops 3,500 feet in 20 miles, then 7 miles farther reaches salt water.
Because of the heavy snowfall, it is possible to keep the road open only for about 130
days each year. For this reason, hauling has to be done in a short period, and a
continuous road hauling-system was put into operation with the log-trucks operating
in two 10-hour shifts every day for a total of 20 hours on the road, seven days a
week, until snow comes.
The vehicles used in this transport operation are HDX 100-ton Hayes logging-
truck trailer units. The hauling contractor placed an order for 26 of these units
with trailers and, because there is no other access to Kemano Bay, trucks and trailers
were delivered by barge and unloaded on shore. The first load of logs from the
Interior to the Coast was unloaded in the salt water in June 1970, and the trucks
were on the road continuously, making five to six trips daily from the West Tahtsa
end of Ootsa Lake to Kemano, until the winter shutdown.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 37
The $2,000,000 order placed for 26 Hayes HDX 100-ton trucks and trailer
units was the largest single order ever received at one time, according to Hayes
Manufacturing Co. Ltd., of Vancouver. The Hayes units on the Eurocan job have
15-foot log bunks and are equipped with 12V71 Detroit diesel engines, power-shift
Allison transmission, and Clark 90,000-pound rear axles.
Experiments are being made with pup trailers in an attempt to boost log-load
capacity to 200 tons. Present indications are that pup trailers will be added to all
trailers in 1971.
One of the features in the economics of the operation is the fast load and unload
system with an A-frame-hoist setup that allows an average of seven minutes for
loading and seven minutes for unloading.
AERIAL TRAMWAYS
Considering what has taken place in the Canadian economy over the past year
where any number of projects have been cancelled or put off indefinitely, one would
imagine that similar circumstances would be the order of the day in the field of
recreation and in that of ski-ing in particular. However, if anything, the opposite
would be true as the number of new lifts installed exceeded that of 1969, which was
considered to be a very active year for the construction of new facilities.
One interesting aspect of the 1970/71 season has been the introduction in
numerous areas of portable handle-type rope-tows. These units have filled a need
for a lightweight, dependable tow which can be easily moved as required to a
different location on a ski slope. This particular type of installation is especially
suited for the beginner, and as such has found favour with the ski schools at the
various locations in the Province.
While the portable rope-tow fulfils the need of a portion of the ski society,
there remains the task of transporting large numbers of skiers from the valleys to
the mountain-tops, and in most instances this is best done by chair-lift. To this end,
Silver Star Sports Ltd., at Vernon, completed construction of their second chair-
lift, while Apex Alpine Recreations installed their first chair-lift on Apex Mountain,
west of Penticton.
Elsewhere in the Okanagan, Tod Mountain Ski Resorts Ltd., which had the
misfortune of having their 9,400-foot chair-lift burn down in 1968, were able this
year to rebuild this facility and, together with the two T-bars, will once again provide
good ski-ing for residents of the Kamloops district.
The Parks Branch of the Department of Recreation and Conservation added a
locally built, double chair-lift to the existing lifts in Gibson Valley in Manning Park.
At Whistler Mountain, Garibaldi Lifts Ltd. doubled the length of the "Green
Chair." Originally this chair-lift was just over 3,600 feet in length, but the area
served by this lift proved to be so popular that it was necessary to extend it down
the mountain so that more skiers could be accommodated.
A chair-lift of American design was erected across the British Columbia-Alberta
Boundary. This chair originated in Banff, with the return station located in British
Columbia. While the design for this tramway was approved by the Engineering
Branch of the Department of Commercial Transport, the actual inspection and testing was left to the Alberta authorities since the area is more readily accessible from
the Alberta side.
The first chair-lift in British Columbia not specifically designed for skiers was
put in service in Vancouver's Exhibition Park in August. The path of the "Sky
Glider," as this installation is called, runs from the south end of the "Giant Dipper"
to the Showmart Building, a distance of some 1,800 feet.   This is an extremely high-
 Z 38
BRITISH COLUMBIA
capacity chair-lift, and is capable of transporting 2,600 people per hour. This addition to Exhibition Park was extremely well received by the public, and operational
checks indicated that the passengers were being attended to extremely well.
One double reversible aerial tramway now under construction at Hells Gate
in the Fraser Canyon by next summer will provide an unusual ride above the turbulent waters of the Fraser River. Restaurant facilities are also to be included, thus
offering summer tourists an interesting side-trip.
T-bars were finalized at Stewart in northern British Columbia, Green Mountain
on Vancouver Island, and at Mount Baldy, 35 miles east of Osoyoos.
With so many major lifts being built during the year, it increases to a great
extent the amount of man-hours necessary to do a proper job of work from the
engineering standpoint. It is not simply a case, as many imagine, of merely visiting
the area after the tramway has been completed, taking a casual look, and pronouncing everything to be satisfactory. Before construction commences, the plans
as submitted by the manufacturer are double-checked and then during construction
several follow-up inspections are made before the final acceptance tests are concluded.
Once in operation, every aerial tramway in the Province is subject to an
annual inspection which may take from two hours to two days. An example of
what is involved in the annual inspection of a major tramway is illustrated in the
following report of the "Skyride" at Grouse Mountain.
ANNUAL INSPECTION REPORT
"Skyride," Grouse Mountain Resorts Limited
The annual inspection of this installation was begun on November 2,  1970, and
completed on November 9, 1970, and the results are as follows:
Valley Station
1. Fire extinguishers — OK.    Checked
September 21, 1970.
2. Travel-limit switches on all counterweights checked—OK.
Bumper-limit switches—OK.
3.
4. No. 1 trackrope counterweight—OK.
5. No. 2 trackrope counterweight—OK.      10. Housekeeping—OK.
6. Hauling rope counterweight—OK.
7. Main drive sheave—Liner to be replaced.
8. Hauling rope counterweight sheave
■—Liner on No. 1 side to be replaced.
9. Standby power unit—OK.
Car No. 1
1. Track-rope brakes—OK.
Pull test:
Upper brake, 5,390 lb.
Lower brake, 6,160 lb.
2. Cabin brake control—OK.
3. Emergency stop button—Tested OK,
but new car batteries required.
4. Communications—OK.
Main carriage hanger-pin ultrasonically
on November 2, 1970.
Car No. 2
1. Track-rope brakes—OK.
Pull test:
Upper brake, 6,160 lb.
Lower brake, 5,750 lb.
2. Cabin brake control—OK.
3. Emergency stop button—Tested OK,
but new car batteries required.
4. Communications—OK.
5. Escape rope—OK.
5. Escape rope—OK.
6. Fire   extinguisher — OK.     Checked
September 21, 1970.
7. Tools—OK.
8. First aid kit—OK.
9. Carriage and hanger—OK.
10. Carriage sheaves—OK.
11. Cabin body and appurtenances—OK.
tested and hauling-rope sockets inspected
6. Fire   extinguisher — OK.     Checked
September 21, 1970.
7. Tools—OK.
8. First aid kit—Case to be repaired or
replaced.
9. Carriage and hanger—OK.
10. Carriage sheaves—OK.
11. Cabin body and appurtenances—OK.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 39
Main carriage hanger-pin ultrasonically tested, lower hauling-rope socket inspected,
and upper hauling-rope shortened and resocketed on November 3, 1970.
Tower No. 1
1. Cabin guides—OK.
2. Saddles and inserts—OK.
3. Framework—OK.
Tower No. 2
1. Cabin guides—OK.
2. Saddles and inserts—OK.
3. Framework—OK.
4. Guard-rails and handrails—OK.
4. Guard-rails and handrails-
5. Foundations—OK.
-OK.
5. Foundations—Some grouting broken
away from the steelwork on both
upper footings. The steel is rusting
and this condition should be remedied.
Mountain Station
1. Track-rope bollard-
-OK.
4. Hauling-rope return sheaves—OK.
5. Guide sheaves—OK.
6. Housekeeping—Rags and paint left
in the area of the return sheaves.
Cans of paint stored in the furnace
room.
2. Track-cable storage—One cable laying partly in the water under the
bollard.
3. Fire extinguishers—The extinguisher
in the furnace room is to be checked.
Performance Tests
Car No. 2 was loaded with six drums of water weighing approximately 2,500 pounds,
in order that the braking performance could be checked against that of the previous
annual inspection.
The tramway was then operated at various speeds to obtain the following performance data:
Speed (M/S)
Brakes
Distance
in feet
Time in
Seconds
2   .
23
45
11
49
27
85
50
140
86
205
160
117
4.0
No. 2 thrusteri              	
7.2
2.0
4           	
5.1
3.1
6                              	
7.2
4.0
8	
8.5
4.9
10                                 	
7.9
5.8
1 No. 2 thruster has an approximate 5-second time-delay.
The deadman switch checked at 6 m/s and proved OK. The 110-per-cent over-
speed switch and motor overload switch were both OK, along with the programmer chain
switch.   Landing control zone speeds were checked and were OK.
Standby
A complete power failure was simulated and several runs were made using the diesel
standby engine.   All standby equipment performed satisfactorily.
Ropes
Visually all ropes appear to be in good condition; however, magnetic-induction tests
will be made within the next 10 days.
In general, the tramway is being well maintained, and when the self-propelled
rescue car, which has proven to be unsatisfactory, is replaced with the new gravity system
now under construction, this facility will be in a position to provide the public with a
standard of safety comparable to that found anywhere in the world.
J. W. Kirkland
Inspecting Engineer
 Z 40
BRITISH COLUMBIA
In the concluding paragraph of the foregoing report, mention is made of the
inadequacy of the rescue car as supplied by the manufacturer of the tramway. During
the initial inspection of the installation, the rescue car was demonstrated by the
manufacturer's representative and so was considered adequate.
At a later date, however, it was drawn to the attention of the Department that
the operation of this rescue car could prove to be extremely hazardous. A manufacturer's agent was dispatched from Austria to make certain modifications to the
rescue car, and while in the process of testing this unit was injured when it ran away.
The use of this self-propelled rescue car has since been abandoned, and Grouse
Mountain Resorts Limited are installing a gravity system. This involves using a
winch at the top of the mountain which will raise and lower the rescue car in a much
more efficient manner. This system has been approved by the Department and will
be fully tested before being put into service.
While one cannot foretell the future with any great degree of accuracy, if the
development of ski areas over the past few years is any criterion, then it can be
expected that greater expansion is to be expected in 1971.—/. W. Kirkland, Inspecting Engineer.
Aerial Tramways
Name of Company
Location
Reversible
Gondola
Chair-
lift
T-bar
J-bar
Rope-
tow
Industrial
Freight
1
1
4
2
3
1
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1   '
I
1
1
1
1
3
1
5
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2. Hollyburn Ski Lodge.	
3. Mount Seymour Caterers Ltd..
4. Garibaldi Lifts Ltd	
Mount Seymour Park....
6. Mount Becher Ski Development
Society	
Courtenay 	
8. Aluminum Company of Canada
Ltd.
1
10. Tabor Mountain Ski  Area De
ll. Wells Ski Club
Wells            	
1
13. Canadian National Telecommu-
1
16. Revelstoke Winter Sports Ltd.
Mount Revelstoke
17. Mount MacKenzie Ski Develop
ment Ltd     	
18. Silver Star Sports Ltd......	
19. Big White Ski Development Co.
20. Panorama Ski Hill Co. Ltd
Revelstoke	
Vernon  	
Kelowna   .
21. Department  of   Recreation   and
Conservation  	
22. Amber Ski Club  	
Manning Park 	
Princeton	
23. Apex Alpine Recreations Ltd.
25. Phoenix Alpine  Ski  Club Soci-
26. Kimberley Ski Club 	
27. Snow   Valley   Ski   Development
Ltd.—     	
28. Silver King Ski Club	
Fernie  	
Nelson..	
29. Salmo Ski Club
30. Red Mountain Ski Club Society
32. Shuswap Ski Club	
33. Kamloops Ski Club	
34. Nakusp Ski Club	
Kamloops	
35. Smithers Ski Club 	
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Aerial Tramways—Continued
Z 41
Name of Company
Location
Reversible
Gondola
Chair-
lift
T-bar
J-bar
Rope-
tow
Industrial
Freight
37. Bornite Ski Club 	
38. Corporation of the District of
Terrace	
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1    '
1
1
1
1    '
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
3
1   '
1
1
3
2
1
1
2
1
1   '
2
2
1
1
2
1    '
1    '
1
1    '
1
2
1
40. Blue River Ski Club -
Burns Lake	
45. Nicola Valley Ski Club	
46. 100 Steps Ski Hill   	
Prince George  _
Fort St. John -- 	
100 Mile House   .
47   Fort St. John Ski Club      	
48   100 Mile House Ski Club -
51   Chetwynd Ski Tow
Chetwynd	
53. Beaver Valley Ski Club _.- -
54. Last Mountain Ski Resort Ltd.
55. Grandview Ski Acres Ltd	
56. McBride Bell Ski Resort	
57. Clearwater Ski Club--	
Fruitvale	
Westbank	
Kamloops. 	
McBride _  ,	
Clearwater	
....
i
63. Portage Mountain Ski Club	
65. Fort Fraser Ski Club	
66. Purden Lake   Ski  Development
Ltd.         -        - 	
Hudson Hope	
Endako	
i
68. Squamish   Stawamus   River   In
take 	
69. Azu Lift Co. Ltd. -	
Squamish	
i
70. Corporation  of the  District   of
72. Fairmont   Hot   Springs   Resort
Ltd 	
Fairmont Hot Springs.—
Mackenzie	
79. Department of Highways Aerial
Boston Bar	
80. Hemlock Valley Recreations Ltd.
81. Winterside Recreations Ltd	
82. Snowpatch Developments Ltd,
83. Granduc Ski Club 	
Vernon  _   _.
Princeton
....
84. Blewett Ski Club _ 	
85. Mission Mountain Winter Sports
Nelson _
Shalalth  ___.
—
87. Pemberton Lions Club  	
88. Sky-Glider Recreations Ltd.
89. Kemano Ski Club	
Pemberton  	
Vancouver 	
Armstrong....	
Totals    _
3
1
21
41      !        ^
OSS      1        f.
1 Under construction.
 Z 42
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Construction of foundations for lower terminal, Canyon Aerial Tramways Limited,
at Hells Gate, Fraser River.
High-location construction of an aerial tramway tower by helicopter.
 ■-:■;■    ■ ■     ■'
-,"•.   ,:.    'V
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 43
PIPE-LINES
Gas exploration programmes during 1970 have resulted in significant increases
of known reserves in the Fort Nelson and other areas of the Peace River. In addition, there has been extensive infield drilling and consolidation of known reserves
in the majority of northern gas fields.
Oil production has been increased significantly through the upgrading of facilities, extension of exploration programmes, infield drilling, and extensive employment
of water-injection and gas-flooding systems. Water-flooding has proven very effective in many areas, existing systems are being extended and new installations are
now under construction.
Gas transmission-lines have been built into the Milligan Creek and other gas
and oil fields, providing additional gas flows and allowing unrestricted oil production
from gas and oil wells in these areas.
The marked increase in compressor stations, pumping stations, and gas- and
water-injection systems has resulted in a significant increase in inspection requirements. The use of chlorine injection, caustic solutions, and new techniques in water-
flooding systems is providing improved production in oil fields.
Major installations now include more than 80 compressor, pumping, and injection complexes which are inspected annually. In addition, some 700 pressure
vessels complete with relief valves, controls, heaters, and other auxiliary equipment
are checked for full compliance with pressure vessel, fire protection, and other code
requirements.
The general picture of operating standards throughout the Province is very
encouraging, with excellent co-operation shown in the maintenance of required
safety standards. There is, however, always the need to remind the occasional offender concerning good housekeeping, checking of safety systems at regular intervals,
and provision of suitable facilities to cope with poison gas, fire, and other hazards.
Several companies are now installing electrically operated automatic gas-detection
systems linked with station shut-down systems at compressor and pumping stations
where electrical energy is available. Fire-detection systems are also being continually improved and extended to previously unprotected areas. Unfortunately, such
improvements were preceded by several expensive explosions and fires. No doubt
this equipment will be provided as standard safety protection in many future installations.
Equipment throughout the oil and gas fields of British Columbia is relatively
new, but we must expect a gradual increase from year to year in maintenance requirements. Several line breaks have been reported, and in such cases a thorough
investigation is made to ascertain the cause of failure. Severe corrosion can, particularly in sour gas and oil fields, be a contributing factor in such failures. The most
up-to-date corrosion-control procedures are now being employed by the industry,
and with increased years of pipe-line service, a closer look is being given to areas
with only minor corrosion problems.
Ultrasonic testing programmes covering all pressure vessels were established
by the major pipe-line companies prior to 1965. Up-to-date summaries of testing
programmes were submitted and reviewed in detail during 1970, with excellent
control indicated in all reports submitted to date. The use of this testing equipment
has been demonstrated to Inspecting Engineers in the Fort St. John area by the
corrosion-control engineers, and readings checked by follow-up inspections where
flaws had been indicated. Several of the major oil and gas companies provided a
training programme for their own technicians, who are in some cases working on a
year-round basis, to cover all pressure vessels, pipe-lines, and auxiliary components.
 Z 44 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Concerning power units in oil and gas stations, many of the original reciprocating engines are still carrying full-capacity loads. The trend for several years has
been to much larger single units and the installation of numerous gas turbines with
proven advantages in these modern gas and oil transmission systems. More recently,
high-voltage electric motors have been installed in major oil-pumping systems and
these have several advantages similar to gas turbines, particularly where remote
control systems are employed.
Power installations have increased in recent years far in excess of flow increases, and in the larger systems the number of units and horespower capacities
have more than doubled over the past five years. Westcoast Transmission Company's total horsepower has been increased during this period by 123 per cent to a
total now exceeding 280,000 horsepower. Major oil-pumping systems show a
similar trend, with Western Pacific Products and Crude Oil Pipelines Ltd. showing
270 per cent increased horsepower over the past five years.
Distribution systems throughout the Province have been expanded rapidly
during recent years. During the past year, British Columbia Hydro and Power
Authority Gas Division has carried out construction of extensions to their distribution-lines in the Richmond, Steveson, and Delta areas, including modification of the
transmission gas pipe-line over Pattullo Bridge. Inland Natural Gas Co. Ltd. has
extended its distribution system to provide natural gas to facilities at Mackenzie,
Hudson Hope, Highland Valley, Winfield, Okanagan Falls, Rutland, and Kamloops
during the year. Columbia Natural Gas Limited completed a 5-mile extension to
supply natural gas to the Kaiser Coal Plant at Sparwood. Pacific Northern Gas
built extensions to supply natural gas to facilities at Kitimat, Prince Rupert, and
Stuart Lake. Pacific Petroleums Ltd. completed a total of 45 miles of gathering
systems in the several gas fields in the northern area of the Province. These additions, together with the construction of gathering systems by several other companies
in northern British Columbia, comprised a total of 144 miles of new construction
during 1970.
During the year, several pipe-line companies were granted certificates for the
construction of pipe-lines in British Columbia. They include Monsanto Oil &
Minerals Ltd., Bear Flat area; Tenneco Oil & Minerals Ltd., Weasel and Nig Creek
areas; Canadian Superior Oil Ltd., Inga area; and Atlantic Richfield, Julienne area.
It can be reported that there is continued excellent co-operation between the
pipe-line companies and the Department in the installation and safe operation of
all phases of pipe-line construction.—A. W. Turnbull, Assistant Chief Inspecting
Engineer.
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Pipe-lines Constructed in 1970
Z 45
Company
Location
Length
(Miles)
Atlantic Richfield Canada Ltd  	
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority-
Canadian Superior Oil Ltd..
Champlin Petroleum Co.	
Columbia Natural Gas Ltd..
Imperial Oil Ltd.-	
Inland Natural Gas Co. Ltd..
Monsanto Oils Ltd	
Pacific Northern Gas Ltd...
Pacific Petroleums Ltd	
Total mileage .
Tenneco Oil & Minerals Ltd	
Texaco Exploration Company	
Trans-Prairie Pipelines Ltd. _.	
Union Oil Company of Canada Ltd.
Julienne Field.
Richmond	
Steveson	
Delta	
Pattullo Bridge reclassification.
Inga Field  	
Flatrock Field -	
Sparwood
Boundary Lake Field.
Rigel Field  	
Hart Highway	
Highland Valley 	
Hudson Hope	
Kamloops	
Mackenzie 	
Okanagan Falls..	
Rutland	
Winfield	
Bear Flat Field-
Kitimat 	
Prince Rupert	
Stuart Lake	
Buick Creek Field-
Clarke Lake Field _
Jedney Field..
Kotcho Field-
Peejay Field .
Stoddart Creek Field-
Syphon Field	
Yoyo Field 	
Nig Creek Field	
Boundary Lake Field_
Buick Creek Field	
Nig Creek Field	
Milligan Creek Field...
Peejay Field— 	
Wildmint Field	
Willow Field _	
8.00
1.20
2.70
2.10
0.20
5.00
3.60
5.39
2.70
15.60
1.60
10.10
0.28
2.10
0.20
0.30
1.50
0.50
1.10
2.80
1.40
0.50
0.50
3.20
10.04
0.30
16.00
7.30
2.90
4.70
7.90
10.60
0.70
1.50
1.901
6.00
0.80
0.74
143.95
1011.
 Z 46
BRITISH COLUMBIA
CRUDE OIL
TRANSMISSION
PIPE-LINES
'TRANS-MOUNTAIN
OIL  PIPE-LINE
 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT,  1970
Z 47
NATURAL GAS
TRANSMISSION
PIPE-LINES
WESTCOAST
TRANSMISSION
"'—    GAS TRUNK LINE
OF B.C.
——  INLAND NATURAL
GAS
— ——COLUMBIA NATURAL
GAS  LIMITED
.__-_— ALBERTA NATURAL
GAS TRANSMISSION
LINE
J
 1
Z 48 BRITISH COLUMBIA
PERSONNEL
A. Shaw, C.O.A., Administrative Officer
During the year, changes in personnel were minimal and were limited to the
normal replacement of individuals in vacancies created by resignation, transfer, and
retirement.   There was no increase in the total permanent establishment in 1970.
The Weigh Scale Branch suffered the loss of two members of its staff—Mr.
R. E. White, who passed away in January; and Mr. A. P. Newhouse, who passed
away in July.
Mr. White, who served the Department as a Weighmaster II at the Rutland
Weigh Scale since 1959, was formerly employed by the Traffic Branch of the Department of Highways for a period of two years.
Mr. Newhouse was a relatively new employee, and at the time of his passing
was employed as a Weighmaster I at the Golden Weigh Scale, a position he held for
approximately one and a half years. Mr. Newhouse was formerly with the Security
Division of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company.
Due to ill health, Mr. George Mclvor elected to take an early retirement in
February. He served as a Weighmaster I at the Department's Pacific Weigh Scale
and at other Lower Mainland locations for a total employment period of 13 years.
All vacancies were filled through competition, and in this regard interview
panels were held in Golden, Dawson Creek, Prince George, Chilliwack, New Westminster, and Vancouver.
Except in isolated cases, the response to advertisements respecting positions in
the Weigh Scale Branch has been encouraging in so far as the degree of interest is
concerned; however, there is still room for improvement in the general calibre of the
individual applicants. A major contributing factor to this situation appears to be
the general concensus of opinion, as expressed by the majority of applicants, that
the duties of a weighmaster are limited to the simple physical weighing of a vehicle.
While this may have been close to the truth in the initial development period, the
functions of a weighmaster have expanded because of increased responsibilities authorized under the Department of Commercial Transport Act and regulations and
are now much more involved.
Present-day commercial-vehicle operation has increased both in complexity
and volume and, as a result, demands a more thorough understanding of its operational procedures on the part of the individual weighmaster. With this in mind, a
study is currently under way to determine the extent of the increased operational
responsibilities of the weightmaster group.
Extensions of service were obtained for four staff members who have reached
the retirement age. Two were in the Weigh Scale Branch on an interim basis pending reorganization at the localities concerned, and two were long-service and experienced members of the Engineering Branch staff.
If the current rate of growth continues, both in the Weigh Scale Branch and the
Engineering Branch, serious consideration will have to be given to increases in staff
if the present level of service to industry is to be maintained.
Number of competitions held       7
Number of applications received  144
Number of interview panels conducted       9
Number of personal interviews conducted     69
Number of resignations       2
Number of retirements       3
Number of extensions of service granted       4
Number of new appointments       7
Number of transfers       2

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