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REPORT of the LANDS SERVICE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31 1970 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1971

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Hon. R. G. Williston, Minister D. Borthwick, Deputy Minister of Lands
REPORT
of the
LANDS SERVICE
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31
1970
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1971
  Victoria, British Columbia, February 16, 1971.
To the Honourable John R. Nicholson, P.C., O.B.E., Q.C, LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor oj the Province oj British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of the British Columbia Lands Service of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for the
year ended December 31, 1970.
R. G. WILLISTON
Minister oj Lands, Forests, and Water Resources
 Victoria, British Columbia, February 16, 1971.
The Honourable R. G. Williston,
Minister oj Lands, Forests, and Water Resources,
Victoria, British Columbia.
Sir: I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the British Columbia
Lands Service of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for the
12 months ended December 31, 1970.
D. BORTHWICK
Deputy Minister oj Lands
 i
  CONTENTS
Introduction by the Deputy Minister of Lands—
Accounting Division	
Lands Branch—
Director of Lands	
Land Inspection Division-
Surveys and Mapping Branch—
Surveyor-General	
Legal Surveys Division.
Topographic Division	
Geographic Division	
Air Division	
University Endowment Lands.
Personnel Office	
Pace
.   9
. 13
Mail and File Room.
21
31
45
48
56
67
73
85
91
95
COVER PHOTO
South Thompson Valley, near Kamloops.
  Report of the British Columbia Lands Service
D. Borthwick, B.S.A., B.Ed., A.A.C.I., Deputy Minister of Lands
The outstanding event of significance to the Lands Service during 1970 was
legislative approval and proclamation of the new Land Act. While retaining the
basic elements of its predecessors, the 1970 statute streamlines or eliminates several
outmoded procedures, corrects deficiencies, and strengthens the comprehensive
management of Provincial Crown lands.
Especially noteworthy in the 1970 Land Act is elimination of pre-emption as
a mode of land disposition. The pre-emption system was introduced in 1860 and
during its 110-year history it served as the vehicle by which thousands of rural
settlers established roots throughout the Province. Changing social and economic
conditions and increasing complexities of land use eventually brought the preemption system to the brink of obsolescence. In recent years there had been a sharp
decline in allowable pre-emption applications, nearly all of which were confined to
the Peace River region of the Province.
Another significant element of the new Land Act is limitation of the right to
purchase land leading to Crown grant and title to Canadian citizens, whether corporate or individual.
Several procedural changes have been introduced. These include provision
for the Minister to require, at his discretion, advertisement of an application for
disposition of either surveyed or unsurveyed land, posting of a performance bond as
evidence of financial security, and personal occupation and residence on the land by
the applicant for a specified period of time.
Coincident with changes in the general disposition sections of the Act was a
substantial revision of the survey sections. The Surveyor-General is empowered
by section 64 of the Act to make regulations which are considered necessary for
carrying out surveys of Crown land. The General Survey Instructions to British
Columbia Land Surveyors was extensively revised and reprinted.
Reflecting the slower pace of the Provincial economic expansion, net revenues
declined in 1970. Although income from leases, rentals, and fees came close to
being sustained at last year's level, revenue from land sales fell sharply. Consistent
application of the lease-to-purchase principle rather than economic factors was
chiefly responsible for the decline in land-sales revenue, however.
Early in the year a moratorium was placed on applications for Crown land for
agricultural purposes in north central British Columbia. This region, which is still
in an early stage of agricultural development, needs further study to determine the
viability of farming as a resource use. The moratorium does not apply to established farmers who may round out their existing freehold units by applying for
additional arable Crown land.
The Surveys and Mapping Branch maintained its steady production of maps,
aerial photographs, and topographical and cadastral surveys. All divisions of the
Branch expanded coverage of the northern half of the Province. Thirty-five field
projects were successfully completed in 1970 north of the 54 parallel of latitude.
The integrated surveys programme continues to flourish. During the year
another integrated survey area was declared and gazetted under authority of the
Official Surveys Act Amendment Act, 1964. Activities ranging from preliminary
feasibility studies to final network computation and plan preparation are under way
in several other areas.
 AA 10     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Map and air-photo distribution established new records during 1970, and
revenues from these sources increased by 7.5 per cent over 1969.
Detailed reports of the various units of the Lands Service follow. Indexes
showing cartographic and air-photo coverage are inside the envelope attached to
the back cover of this Report.
 ACCOUNTING DIVISION
  ACCOUNTING DIVISION
AA 13
ACCOUNTING DIVISION
M. B. Maclean, Departmental Comptroller
The Accounting Division has again had an active year, and has managed to
cope with an increasing work load through procedure adjustments and diligent contributions from staff members. On the other hand, we have been fortunate, except
for periods of illness, in that we have been able to maintain full establishment
throughout the year. The responsibility of this Division includes the accounting
function for Water Resources Services as well as Lands Service, and includes the
preparation of payrolls, vouchering of invoices and travel claims, billing of
accounts receivable, expenditure and revenue control, and compilation of statistical
information.
The steady growth in new leases has continued during 1970, with a net increase of IV2 per cent in lease accounts, from 13,050 at January 1, 1970 to 14,029
at December 31,1970. Purchase accounts continued to decline from 483 at January
1, 1970 to 330 at December 31, 1970. The latter situation arises through the fact
that the lease-to-purchase option very often results in a cash sale because of the
need of the landowner to obtain a mortgage with the land title.
The Division had only two staff changes during the year, both were junior
positions, and were filled without delay.
Statistical Tables
Table 1—Summary oj Lands Service Net Revenue Collections jor the
Year Ended December 31,1970
Land leases, rentals, fees, etc.	
Land sales	
Sale of maps and air photos	
Net revenue collections
$2,283,719.11
518,015.63
223,265.50
$3,025,000.24
Table 2—Comparison oj Revenue Collections jor 10-year
Period 1961—70, Inclusive
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
$1,765,207.54
1,847,457.83
2,034,841.80
2,587,110.34
2,594,341.32!
3,343,672.46!
2,985,996.61!
3,367,912.141
3,999,273.13!
3,025,000.241
1 Net revenue.
 AA 14     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 3—Classification oj Revenue Collections jor the Year Ended
December 31, 1970
Land sales—
Country lands  $393,641.23
Town lots     125,899.53
Surface rights, mineral claims        2,575.75
Land leases, rentals, fees, etc.—
Foreshore leases—
Booming and log storage  $468,467.24
Commercial (marina, etc.)     362,423.42
Oyster       13,528.50
Miscellaneous   (foreshore protection, etc.)  912.35
$845,331.51
Land leases—
Grazing and (or) agriculture.  $466,706.65
Quarrying   (limestone,   sand  and
gravel)        39,025.38
Camp-site (lodge, fishing)         7,536.70
Home-site          2,108.53
Residential     334,494.27
Miscellaneous        60,140.15
     910,011.68
Land-use permits        2,710.00
Licences of occupation         5,138.00
Royalty collections     243,306.81
Bonus bids (lease tenders and auctions)     105,265.39
Easement collections—
Annual rentals       $3,179.25
Outright considerations       40,790.00
      43,969.25
Fees—
Crown grant  $14,750.00
Assignment  9,820.00
Miscellaneous (lease, search, etc.)  16,657.00
41,227.00
Sundry   collections    (occupational   rental,   survey
charges, etc.)       92,579.51
Sale of maps and air photos—
Legal Division  $38,158.62
Geographic Division  106,218.76
Air Division  110,708.05
$522,116.51
2,289,539.15
255,085.43
Gross revenue for year  $3,066,741.09
Less refunds and taxes  41,740.85
Net revenue for year  $3,025,000.24
 ACCOUNTING DIVISION
AA 15
Table 4—Comparison oj Land Leases, Rentals, Fees, Etc., Revenue jor
10-year Period 1961-70, Inclusive
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
$1,001,071.13
933,607.66
1,149,650.45
1,485,539.13
1,462,024.931
1,514,749.691
1,917,435.311
2,189,055.751
2,553,351.231
2,283,719.111
i Net revenue.
Table 5-
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
-Comparison oj Land Sales Revenue jor 10-year Period 1961-70,
Inclusive
$703,705.71
836,270.32
787,184.11
982,137.88
1,017,893.161
1,692,861.141 2
916,098.981 2
1,024,410.931 2
1,251,111.881 2
518,015.631
i Net revenue.
2 Includes sales to City of Prince George: 1966, $718,733; 1967, $107,200; 1968, $106,452; 1969, $156,240.
3 Includes sale to City of Vancouver, False Creek area, $424,000.
  LANDS BRANCH
 THE LANDS BRANCH
At the time of the Fraser River gold-rush in 1858 the demand for land in British
Columbia was greatly intensified and pre-emptions predated surveys. Within four years
254 pre-emptors had taken up more than 50,000 acres of land. To facilitate the transfer
of real estate and provide for the registration of titles, the Land Registry Act was passed
in 1860. The Government of the Province of British Columbia was now in the real-
estate business in a big way; the more than 366,000 square miles of land and water that
constitutes British Columbia was the real estate in question.
With the entrance of British Columbia into Confederation in 1871, the demand for
land quickened to a rush, and over the next thirty years the land-settler (and the promoter) succeeded the gold-miner in importance. Railroads were built and land grants
passed, cities came into being, and companies became established. Land was at the core
of all developments.
The task of land administration became very heavy and necessitated the formation
of a Department of Lands in 1908. In 1912 a Forest Branch was included in the Department of Lands. Today the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources exercises
control of more than 90 per cent of the surface of British Columbia.
How does the Lands Branch fit into the total organization of the British Columbia
Lands Service of today? The relation may be expressed briefly. The Lands Branch
has jurisdiction in matters pertaining to the disposition of Crown land, and is
charged with so administering and disposing of the land that the general welfare,
present and future, of the Province must be protected at all times.
When an individual, or group, desires to purchase or lease Crown land, the application is directed to the Director of Lands, head of the Lands Branch. His authority
governs the following matters:—
Sale, lease, and pre-emption of Crown lands for such purposes as agricultural,
industrial, commercial, and home-sites.
Preparation and issuance of Crown grants under the Land Act and the Mineral
Act.
Preparation and issuance of right-of-way easements for power, telephone, pipe
lines, etc.
Reservation of suitable Crown lands and foreshore for national defence, use
and enjoyment of the public, forestry experimentation, fisheries research
work, highways, etc.
Granting railway rights-of-way under various Statutes.
Protection of historic sites from alienation.
Reservation and conveying of Crown lands for such purposes as school-sites,
cemeteries, and fair grounds.
Leasing of land and foreshore for such varied purposes as wharf-sites, booming-
grounds, canneries, oyster and other mollusc fisheries, and for boat-houses,
quarry-sites,  cattle-ranching, trappers' cabins, ship-building, and aircraft
bases.
To perform these and other functions efficiently, the Lands Branch works in close
co-operation with a great number of other agencies, such as municipal and city administrations, town-planning authorities, the British Columbia Forest Service, the Water Resources Service, the Surveys and Mapping Branch within the British Columbia Lands
Service, and all the departments in the Government of the Province, notably Highways,
Education, Attorney-General, and Agriculture.
Outside the Provincial departments there is much business transacted with Federal
departments, such as the Department of National Defence, the Veterans' Land Settlement
Act administration, the Public Works Department, and the Indian Affairs Branch of the
Department of Citizenship and Immigration.
Direct service to the people of British Columbia is the first duty of the Lands Branch
and this takes the bulk of the time of the Lands Branch personnel. Associated with this
prime duty is the important function of the maintenance of the records, which in many
cases are the only ones in British Columbia showing the correct legal status of the surface of the Province.
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AA 21
LANDS BRANCH
Walter R. Redel, B.A.Sc, P.Eng., P.Ag., A.A.C.I., Director of Lands
During 1970 there was a decrease of 16 per cent in the number of land applications filed with the Department. The over-all revenue of $2,811,655.66 was also
a reduction from the revenue figure of 1969.
A highlight of the year occurred on May 1, 1970 when a Proclamation brought
into effect the Land Act, 1970. This new Act, which is clearly written and more
readily understood by the general public, is an advancement over the former Act.
Following proclamation of the new Act, Departmental procedures were reviewed
and policy is now being implemented through a series of policy memos which are
proving to be of great benefit to staff and the general public alike.
Once again, the majority of the agricultural applications filed during the year
were for lands in the Peace River and north central British Columbia areas, with
the preponderance of applications being in the Peace River section. Activity in
applications was somewhat slowed in north central British Columbia by a moratorium placed on agricultural applications at the beginning of the year, and now
extended to December 1971. Provision has been made within the moratorium area
to permit established farmers who have already developed their own fee lands to
acquire Crown lands in order to round out and develop viable holdings. The
moratorium was established as a result of concern with the increasing number of
land applications and the extent of the areas applied for in a section of the Province
still considered to be in a pioneer stage of development. A technical committee was
set up by the Land Use Committee to study the whole question of the creation of
new farm units in pioneer areas and the attendant problems of clearing extensive
areas of raw lands of questionable fertility. As a part of the study, a resource atlas
was prepared which should be of great assistance in ensuring that dispositions of
Crown lands both inside and outside the Provincial forest are only made after
cognizance has been taken of the potential of the other resources that may be
affected.
Microwave communication in the Province continued to expand as the Pacific
Great Eastern Railway Company, the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific
Railways, British Columbia Hydro, and British Columbia Telephone Company all
made additions to their existing systems. British Columbia Hydro and Power
Authority has made significant additions to its power transmission and distribution
facilities, including those formerly operated by the East Kootenay Power and Light
Company. Three of the major gas and oil transmission companies initiated expansion programmes during 1970. To serve the needs of people and industry, one
company, Westcoast Transmission Company Limited, has applied for a 24-inch gas
pipe-line right-of-way from their Fort Nelson plant to the Beaver River gas field,
a distance of 111.5 miles. This company has also applied for a right-of-way to
increase pipe-line capacity by a loop line from the Peace River area to the Lower
Mainland.
In addition to this type of industrial activity, numerous other applications have
been processed on behalf of industry in order to permit development of gravel and
limestone deposits, provide land for commercial use, mining plant sites, overburden
and stockpile areas, and provide foreshore and land covered by water for booming,
log storage, and deep-sea wharfage purposes.
To service and provide transport for existing and new industry, the Pacific
Great Eastern Railway Company is extending its rail lines from Fort St. James to
Dease Lake and from Fort St. John to Fort Nelson.    The involvement of this
 AA 22     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Department in assisting with railway development in the Province is to establish a
reserve along a proposed route for initial line location and grant title to Crown
lands for railway purposes once a final right-of-way location is selected and surveyed.
When required for municipal purposes, Crown lands are sold to municipalities
throughout the Province for a nominal sum. By this means the Department was
able to assist in the further development of three cities, two towns, eight villages,
two municipalities, and three regional districts in 1970. The lands were required
mainly for park, airport, and residential development purposes. In addition, the
Department continued to co-operate with the school districts throughout the Province and during the year six free grants were made of Crown lands for school
purposes.
Under certain circumstances the Department co-operates with municipalities
in the acquisition of private lands required for municipal purposes where Crown
lands of comparable value are available for exchange purposes. Both the private
and Crown lands involved in any such proposal are appraised to determine market
value. If the appraisal indicates the land values are equivalent, the Crown will
then accept a conveyance of the privately owned land and subsequently issue a
Crown grant under section 85 of the Land Act to the private owner. The lands
conveyed to the Crown will then be granted to the municipality in order that such
lands may be developed in the public interest.
Exchanges of this nature are also entered into on behalf of other Government
departments. In this manner lands were acquired by the Parks Branch for public
recreational use on Shawnigan Lake, Kennedy Lake, McLeod Lake, and on the
Chilliwack River. In one case Surrey Municipality obtained land for park purposes at the same time the British Columbia Forest Service obtained a site for a
nursery. In one other exchange, land was acquired by the regional district for an
airport near Duncan.
The subdivision of Crown land continues to be an active function of the Lands
Service. In keeping with a policy to discourage land sprawl throughout the Province, subdivision proposals are geared to public demand and developed with the
concurrence of the respective regional district in which the Crown land being subdivided is situate. During 1970, 220 lots were created by Crown subdivision in
various areas of the Province, including Courtenay, Quesnel, Nakusp, North Barriere Lake, Williams Lake, Young Lake, Chilliwack, and 100 Mile House. The
planning of new subdivisions, with road construction being undertaken by the
Department of Highways personnel and the legal surveys by the Surveys and Mapping Branch, has already started in the following areas: Fort St. James, Cranbrook,
Green Lake, Parksville, Fort Nelson, Kootenay Lake, and Cumberland, and it is
expected that lots within these new subdivisions will be available for public auction
during 1971. With the ever-increasing demand for recreational summer-home site
lots on Crown waterfront lands, the Department envisages a greater need for Crown
subdivisions to be created on lakes suitable for this type of recreational activity.
Out of a total of 423 reserves established during the year, 119 were for the
use, recreation, and enjoyment of the public. The remainder were established for
various purposes on behalf of other departments of Government. Once again
reserves were established for ecological sites, and the number of such reserves now
totals 16 throughout the Province. As well, many map notations were recorded at
the request of the Provincial Museum over archaeological sites. The purpose of
these reserves is to preserve and permit study by university and Government personnel of distinctive untouched ecological sites and to note the interest of the Provincial
Museum staff in sites having archaeological value.   The archaeological sites discov-
 LANDS BRANCH
AA 23
ered included pit-houses and rock-shelters, middens, pictograph and petroglyph
panels, fish traps, and burial grounds.
For many years the Department has co-operated with and assisted the Federal
Department of Transport, Marine Services, by making map notations on Departmental records of navigation-aid lights. The Department of Transport administers
the Navigable Waters Protection Act and is responsible for the maintenance of
navigation lights for mariners both on the Coast and on Interior lakes and, therefore,
the recording of this information is important to the safety of navigation on waters
within and on the Coast of the Province. Thirteen map notations were recorded
during 1970.
A brief summary of the activities of the various sections of the Administration
Division of the Lands Service is set out hereunder:
Leases Section—The number of new lease applications received decreased to
4,388 from 5,155 received in 1969. This decrease in numbers of applications can be attributed partially to the temporary moratorium established
January 8, 1970 on Crown lands within the Land Recording Districts of
Fort George, Fort Fraser, and Smithers with respect to agricultural lease
applications. Also grazing of cattle in part of this area is now on a
permit basis under the provisions of the Forest Act, whereas formerly
leases were issued for grazing use. In addition, the establishment of a
number of new Provincial forest reserves precludes alienation of Crown
land under the Land Act within the reserve boundaries.
Purchase Section—Again purchase applications received have decreased in
number to 150 from 290 received the previous year. This is not unexpected in view of the implementation of the lease-develop-purchase
policy in 1965. In addition to the 150 applications to purchase, 217
lessees completed the necessary development requirements and were able
to exercise purchase options leading to title.
Crown Grants Section—Applications for Crown grants in 1970 totalled 708 as
compared to 931 in the previous year. The effect of the lease-develop-
purchase policy is definitely reflected in this total. It is expected the
number of applications for Crown grant will increase as lessees meet
development requirements and convert their leases to a purchase and
subsequently apply for Crown grant. This section also carries out clearances of reverted mineral claims, of which there were 672 in 1970.
Pre-emption and Reserve Section—When the Proclamation bringing into force
the Land Act, 1970, was issued on May 1, 1970 the Department was no
longer able to issue pre-emption records since the new Act contained no
provision to do so. However, 22 applications on which the Department
was committed prior to the Proclamation date were able to proceed.
Reserve applications decreased from 562 in 1969 to 477 in 1970; 423
reserves were established during the year. Accretion applications handled
by this section totalled 33 in 1970, up from 25 in 1969. Map notations
made by this section on behalf of the Federal Department of Transport,
Marine Services, totalled 13 in 1970. General inquiries regarding the
availability of Crown land, also handled by this section, numbered 9,053,
compared to 4,621 in 1969. General inquiries received in 1969 increased
26 per cent over those received in 1968; in 1970 the figure of 9,053
represents a 96-per-cent increase over the number of inquiries received
in 1969!
Clearance Section—The number of clearances carried out by this section decreased from 18,133 in 1969 to 17,778 in 1970.
 AA 24     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Easement Section—In 1970, 142 easements were granted as compared to 196
granted in 1969. Easements for oil and gas pipe-lines and well-sites
totalled 31 in 1970 as compared to 86 in 1969. This decrease is probably caused by the current economic situation together with a decline in
the discovery of new oil and gas fields.
GENERAL ACTIVITY
During 1970 a total of 16 parcels was tendered for lease; the acreage involved
was 2,026.65 acres and the bonus bid revenue realized was $3,475.39. In addition,
293 lots, most of which were within Crown subdivisions, were offered for lease by
auction. The bonus bid revenue realized at the time of the auction amounted to
$65,594.   Fifty of the lots offered were waterfront properties.
One lot was tendered for sale and was disposed of for $1,500. Two lots were
offered for sale by auction and were sold for $11,000.
The following tables indicate in detail the work carried out by the various
sections of the Lands Branch in 1970.
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 LANDS BRANCH AA 25
Table 1—Country Land Sales, 1970
Acres
Unsurveyed        242.00
Surveyed  22,841.60
Total  23,083.60
Table 2—Certificates oj Purchased Issued, 1970
Land Recording District
Alberni	
Total
     ....            13
Atlin	
Burns Lake     	
4
Clinton	
       6
Cranbrook 	
                       8
Fernie           __
       9
Fort Nelson	
       6
Fort St. John	
     43
Golden 	
Kamloops	
     28
Kaslo        	
       6
Nanaimo     	
       6
Nelson    ..   ...
7
New Westminster	
       5
Penticton       ____
     18
Pouce Coupe 	
18
Prince George	
     18
Prince Rupert         _
       2
Quesnel  	
       9
Revelstoke         	
       1
Smithers  ...         _ ____   	
     17
Vancouver ....                 _                                                                 _           fi
Vernon                .             .   	
       5
Victoria
       6
Williams Lake
     27
Total	
  268
 AA 26     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 3—New Leases Issued, 1970
Land  Number Acreage
Agriculture   463 118,805.61
Hay and grazing (pasture and hay-cutting)__ 129 37,769.54
Quarrying (sand, gravel, limestone, etc.)  20 968.72
Home-site (section 78, Land Act, R.S.B.C.
1960)   6 106.10
Residential  881 5,736.00
Miscellaneous   (resorts,   service-stations,
camp-sites, mill-sites, etc.)  135 7,273.46
Foreshore—
Booming, log storage, log-dumping, etc  97 2,042.05
Oyster and shellfish  4 11.48
Industrial  (canneries,  mill-sites,  wharves,
etc.)   5 12.77
Quarrying (sand, gravel from river beds)  1 3.50
Commercial (boat rentals, marinas, marine
service-stations, etc.)   41 151.68
Miscellaneous (private wharves and boat-
houses, etc.)  24 91.19
Totals  1,806 173,332.10
Table 4—Temporary Tenure Leases Renewed, 1970
Number  1,014
Acreage  329,699.89
Table 5—Land-use Permits Issued, 1970
Number  3 6
Acreage  120.8 8
Table 6—Licences to Occupy Issued, 1970
Number  15
Acreage  374.00
Table 7—Assignments Approved, 1970
Leases, land-use permits, licences of occupation  821
 LANDS BRANCH
Table 8—Easements Granted, 1970
AA 27
Number
Miles
Acres
Submarine power cables	
Submarine telephone cables-
Overhead power-lines	
Overhead telephone cables	
Pipe-lines-
Foreshore
Water pipe-line .
Sewer outfalls—
Totals..
Land
Oil and gas pipe-lines and well-sites-
Cathodic site , _.
Power-lines  	
Telephone pole lines..
Microwave sites	
Microwave sites and power-lines	
Television antenna site and power-line-
Radio sites and power-lines	
Radio reflector sites	
Telephone underground cable	
Telephone remote-grounding system-
Aerial tramway..
Ski chair-lift and T-bar..
Water pipe-lines	
Sewer line .—
Totals..
V.H.F. radio site-
Licence of Occupation
Southern Okanagan Lands Project
Underground telephone cable	
Transmission-line	
Water pipe-line 	
Grand totals..
142
2.570
4.420
0.567
0.128
0.103
0.171
0.375
I
70.725
26.468
3.724
0.315
0.190
0.420
3.967
23
8.334
105.809
31
66.046
549.420
1
0.091
0.220
36
24.209
203.334
7
759
2.447
3
22.310
7
8.844
93.125
2
1.421
17.461
6
3.575
31.946
2
3.770
1
0.184
0.223
1
0.569
0.690
1
0.571
7.840
2
1.770
5.374
3
0.403
2.040
1
0.047
0.114
104
108.489
940.314
12
12.250
	
1
0.090
0.109
1
2.059
4.412
1
0.177
0.430
119.149        !      1,063.324
 I	
In line with current Departmental policy, 87 letters of consent for the construction of access roads were issued during the year.
The construction of three smaller power-lines was authorized by letter of
consent in 1970.
Table 9—Crown Grants Issued, 1970
Purchases (country lands)
Purchases (town lots)	
Pre-emptions
Surface rights (Mineral Act)
Public Schools Act	
Veterans' Land Settlement Act
Home-site leases	
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company.
Miscellaneous 	
501
100
32
17
6
6
3
13
30
Total
Certified copies of Crown grants issued
708
4
 AA 28     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 10—Crown Grants Issued jor Past 10 Years
1961      i i i i  i          inn ii i  1,074
1962 wm wmii iMwifimi n ■■■ih win n mi in 1,081
1963 __nH_H.Hii_i___H__Binn_BHH.___H 1,042
1964 HBa—at lamas—n 1,163
1965 _«HH™ra__^_______«_______«_a__BH_H_™ 1,087
1966 __HHHHHHHHHHHHHHB 1,020
1967 i«HnHHHB_n 980
1968 —iihb—__i 957
1969 H_______H_______________i 931
1970 HHHHHBn 708
Total  10,043
Ten-year Average, 1,004.
Table 11—Total Area Deeded by Crown Grant, 1970
Purchases (country lands)  49,762.48
Pre-emptions   4,810.60
Surface rights (Mineral Act)  673.78
Public Schools Act  50.46
Veterans' Land Settlement Act  183.30
Home-site leases  20.30
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company  1,017.90
Miscellaneous   1,893.61
Total  58,412.43
 LANDS BRANCH
Table 12—Pre-emption Records, 1970
AA 29
Pre-emptions
Certificates
of Improvements
Issued
Applications
Received
Applications
Allowed
Cancelled
2
3
1
6
1
1
1
2
1
2
15
1
6
9
Atlin               ....   -   . .   ..	
1
1
Fort St. John	
17
Golden „                   	
9
Quesnel     ^_ _
Revelstoke 	
Smithers     	
....
Vancouver      , 	
Vernon   „
—
Totals
14
22
15
28
Table 13—Reserves, 1970
Applications Reserves
Received Completed
Use, recreation, and enjoyment of the public  141 119
British Columbia Department of Highways (rights-of-
way, gravel pits, bridge-sites, etc.)   142 112
Federal Government (defence purposes, wharf-sites,
etc.)        46 38
British  Columbia   Forest   Service   (Ranger   stations,
grazing, radio sites, reforestation, etc.)      39 57
Miscellaneous  (Game Branch, water-power projects,
garbage dumps, school-sites, cemeteries, etc.)   109 97
Totals   477 423
 AA 30     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
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 LANDS BRANCH
AA 31
LAND INSPECTION DIVISION
L. D. Fraser, B.Sc.A., P.Ag., A.A.C.I., Chief
A number of staff resignations, and the absence from work of the Chief Land
Inspector for an extended period due to illness, greatly complicated the work programme of the Inspection Division during 1970. Although the total time lost due
to the staff vacancies amounted to 11.5 per cent of the work force, there were 5,608
examinations made, a drop of 8.6 per cent from the 1969 level and down only 7.4
per cent from the average figure for the period 1966 to 1970, inclusive.
Individual year-end figures, together with the total of outstanding inspections
for each of the 17 inspection districts as well as inspections completed by the British
Columbia Forest Service may be seen by reference to Table 2. It will be noted that
as of December 31, 1970 there were 1,313 inspections outstanding. This represents
an increase of 40 per cent over 1969 and 36 per cent over the average figure for
the five-year period ending in 1970. Had it not been for the generous assistance
provided by the Topographic Division in making the De Havilland Otter aircraft
available to the Division during the early spring and again in the fall, it would not
have been possible to reach many of the more remote locations in the Province,
and the inspections outstanding at year-end would have been much greater. In the
process of completing the required inspection work, the Otter logged a combined
total of approximately 100 hours.
In 1969, for the first time in over 10 years, there was a slight decrease from
the previous year in the number of new inspection requests processed. The downward trend continued in 1970 with a further reduction from the 1969 level of 2.4
per cent to a total of 5,834 new requests, a figure which is less than 1 per cent
below the average annual figure for the five-year period shown in Table 3.
The policy change instituted by the Department in 1969 which makes it no
longer necessary to undertake a field inspection following the initial three-year leasehold tenure period has resulted in a sharp decrease in the number of inspections
made which fall in the lease categories. In 1969 there were 1,643 examinations
made of leased land, other than foreshore, for the purpose of reviewing the rental
and determining if diligent use is being made of the land. The figure for 1970 stands
at only 880. It will be noted by reference to Table 1, which shows the type of
inspections completed during the year, that of all the inspections completed 4,043
or 72 per cent of the total fell in the various lease categories. Applications to lease
and renewal of leases for other than foreshore areas totalled 3,574 or 63.7 per cent
of all inspections completed. In 1969 these figures stood at 75 per cent and 68.4
per cent respectively. Apart from the aforementioned decrease in inspections for
the purpose of reviewing the rental and a rather significant increase in the demand
for land for summer-home site purposes, the general type of inspections completed
and the numbers falling in each of the various categories listed in Table 1 did not
change greatly from 1969.
The total number of examinations made and appraisal reports submitted for
other departments and agencies during 1970 was considerably below the number
completed in 1969 and the average level reached during the past five years. The
hours of work required for each of the examinations completed were, however, well
above the average time devoted to most other inspections. Detailed appraisals were
made for the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, the Parks Branch, and
the Fish and Wildlife Branch.
As all land applications must now be referred to either regional district or
municipal officials prior to adjudication, depending on the location of the area under
 AA 32     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
application, an increasing amount of time is being spent by Land Inspectors in discussions with these administrative bodies as well as in attending Technical Planning
Committee meetings. Zoning and subdivision control by-laws which are now being
progressively developed by the various regional districts are beginning to show then-
effect on the pattern of land alienation and will undoubtedly have a profound influence on land applications during the next few years.
>TT^<3
yy^^^J^\y:.y...".:,
Typical squatter's shelter constructed in trespass on Crown land.
Applications for agricultural purposes still represent the major portion of the
work load in the Peace River region, but the very active interest displayed in previous
years is down considerably. This decline in activity is mainly due to three consecutive poor crop years, as well as the continued decrease of accessible land suitable
for agricultural development. This downward trend, coupled with the previously
mentioned policy change which has removed the need to inspect areas held under
lease for agriculture and residential purposes following the initial three-year term
of the lease, has resulted in a significant decrease in the total number of new inspection requests received at the two Land Inspection offices located in the Peace River
areas. At the Fort St. John office the decrease was 41.2 per cent, while at Pouce
Coupe an even greater change took place with a decrease of 44.9 per cent. As a
result of this decline in activity, the outstanding backlog of work at year-end stood
at an all-time low.
In the North Peace River area a total of 610,000 acres of land was examined,
385,450 acres of which were involved in a land-use study made of a block of land
located between the Beatton River on the west and the Alberta boundary on the
east and the Chinchaga River on the north and the old Peace River block on the
south. This study made it possible to deal with a large number of pending applications in an efficient manner and to plan for a potential road system around extensive
 LANDS BRANCH AA 33
areas of muskeg. A land-use study of a block of land containing approximately
82,000 acres and situated just south of the Peace River and to the west of the Alaska
Highway was commenced during the year and should be finalized early in 1971.
The demand for lakefront lots continues to increase, particularly south of the
Peace River, as road systems are extended and improved. The planned completion
of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway to Fort Nelson in the fall of 1971, and the
recently announced extension planned to link Fort St. James with Dease Lake, is
encouraging resource development in the more remote sections of the Province and
in particular that section located north of the Peace River. With this new interest
generated in the north, the tourist industry is growing and applications for hunting
lodges and commercial fishing camp-sites are steadily increasing.
In the Prince George-Vanderhoof area there was a 23.7-per-cent reduction in
new inspection requests processed during 1970. The reduction from the 1969 level
in the Prince George Land Inspection District was 18.6 per cent and was even more
pronounced at 28.8 per cent in the Vanderhoof Land Inspection District. This
decline in new inspection requests is due to three main causes—firstly, the establishment of large forest reserves during 1969 and 1970; secondly, the policy change
which removed the need to inspect areas held under lease for residential and agricultural purposes following the initial three-year term of the lease; and most important of all, the moratorium placed on Crown lands located within the Prince
George, Vanderhoof, Burns Lake, and Smithers Land Inspection Districts. Since
it is necessary in order to apply for land for agricultural purposes within the moratorium area to own farm land in the vicinity and to have developed it to a specified
minimum level, the Land Inspector is required to make two land examinations for
every application received for agricultural purposes. Before making an inspection
of the Crown land under application he must first of all determine if the applicant
meets the standards required to apply for agricultural land in the moratorium area
by inspecting the applicant's existing holdings.
The only significant trend in the type of applications processed in the Prince
George Land Inspection District during 1970 was a marked decrease in applications
to lease for grazing. This trend is in common with that experienced in other areas of
the Province and can be attributed to instructions issued to Land Commissioners
in 1969 restating policy with respect to applications for grazing in areas administered
under the Grazing Act. This policy requires that, before an application can be made
for grazing, a letter must be obtained from the District Forester confirming the
existence of special circumstances which would make administration of the particular area of Crown range impractical under the Grazing Act.
An active interest in summer-home sites continued through 1970 in the Prince
George-Vanderhoof area. The expected impact on the demand for land in that
section of the Vanderhoof Inspection District affected by the extension of the Pacific
Great Eastern Railway from Fort St. James to Takla Lake has been tempered somewhat by the establishment of forest reserves. Interest in residential sites in the Fort
St. James area has been stimulated by the development of the railway, and to meet
the growing demand a 27-parcel subdivision was undertaken during the year. Although activity in the area is expected to level off somewhat in 1971, a further
Crown subdivision may be required.
Additional work was done during 1970 on the land-use study of the area
located between Fort St. James, Grand Rapids, and Stuart-Pinchi Lakes, situated
in the Vanderhoof Land Inspection District. A study to determine the present and
future requirements of the forest industry on Trembleur and Takla Lakes was also
undertaken.
2
 AA 34     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
The Prince Rupert Inspection District was reduced in size slightly by the
deletion early in March of the most southerly Mainland portion lying between 51°
north and 53c north latitude. This area was added to the Williams Lake Land
Inspection District because of the greater ease of access from the Bella Coola end
of the Williams Lake District. Inspection requests received in the Prince Rupert,
Smithers, and Burns Lake Districts were down by 14.7 per cent from the 1969 level.
This decline was only partly due to the aforementioned boundary change. The previously mentioned moratorium on applications for agricultural purposes which
covers all of the Burns Lake and Smithers Land Inspection Districts is the largest
single factor which can be attributed to this downward trend.
In the Burns Lake Land Inspection District, applications to lease for summer-
home site purposes showed a significant increase over the 1969 level. A continued
rise in the population as a result of the industrial developments at Granisle and
Houston will undoubtedly result in an increased demand for land for recreational
purposes, and it is anticipated that there will be a further increase in summer-home
site applications during 1971.
Due to the existence of mineral claims it has not been possible to date to proceed with the proposal made in 1968 to subdivide a parcel of Crown land situated in
the Hudson Bay Prairie area of Hudson Bay Mountain, located in the Smithers Inspection District. While the Ski Club continues their efforts to obtain quit claims
from the holders of the conflicting mineral claims, development in the area continues
to progress. There are now 42 private cabins, 1 ski club cabin, 3 ski tows, a parking-
lot, a ski lodge, and 2 television repeaters. While there is considerable evidence of a
growing interest in land for recreational purposes in the Smithers Land Inspection
District, there was very little change from the preceding year in the various types
of applications dealt with during 1970.
Although there was a decrease from the 1969 level in the number of new
applications received in certain parts of the Prince Rupert Land Inspection District
during 1970, there was a very significant increase in applications on the Queen
Charlotte Islands for agriculture and residential purposes. This increase is a result
of an influx of people associated with the expansion of the Canadian Forces Base at
Masset, as well as newcomers to the Islands, many of whom are said to be escaping
the pressures of urban life in the major cities of North America.
Planning was undertaken during the year for a colony-type subdivision on
Meziadin Lake in anticipation of demand for residential purposes following completion of a bridge over the Nass River to complete the final link from Highway 16
to the Stewart-Cassiar Highway. As the proposed bridge construction did not take
place during 1970 as previously planned, completion of the subdivision may yet
coincide with the proposed road link-up in 1971. Since the Stewart-Cassiar Highway traverses an area of outstanding natural beauty as well as an area which is
said to be rich in resources, it can be expected that there will be a very significant
increase in applications in this section of the Prince Rupert Land Inspection District
when the road link-up is completed.
New requests received during the year in the Quesnel Land Inspection District
increased by 14.9 per cent from the 1969 total. The major increase took place in
applications to lease for residential purposes, with applications for agricultural development remaining at the 1969 level. Over a third or 38.5 per cent of the number
were applications to lease for agriculture, with 23 applications or 66 per cent of the
total applications to lease for agriculture being located in the Special Sale Area.
Since the Special Sale Area requirements are identical to the requirements set in the
previously mentioned moratorium area, a large amount of the Land Inspector's time
was required to deal with these agricultural applications.
 LANDS BRANCH
AA 35
The emphasis on land use in the Cariboo is undergoing a dramatic change from
ranching to recreational use. This section of the Province has become a retreat to
many residents of the Lower Mainland, and as a result there is an ever-increasing
demand for lakefrontage lots in the Williams Lake and Clinton Land Inspection
Districts. In 1970, 28.2 per cent of all applications completed were for this type
of land use, an increase of approximately 8 per cent over the 1969 figure.
In the Clinton District, little of the remaining unalienated lakefrontage is directly accessible by road. During 1970, inspections were made of sites fronting
on 16 different lakes, and as road access was nonexistent in the majority of cases,
access had to be gained by boat. Eleven lots located in a subdivision on Young
Lake were offered by public competition, with competitive bidding for the right to
acquire these summer-home sites on a leasehold basis, resulting in payment of
$9,460 in bonus bids. A large subdivision of nonwaterfront lots was developed in
a second tier located behind existing waterfront lots along the south shore of Green
Lake, and it is expected that the 113 lots provided will be alienated by public
auction during 1971.
In the Williams Lake Land Inspection District there was a 51.3-per-cent increase in new requests received during 1970 over the figure for 1969. This very
substantial increase is mainly due to the increased interest in the Cariboo area, but
partly due to the boundary change which involved the addition of an area which was
formerly part of the Prince Rupert Land Inspection District lying west of the Coast
Range and located between 51 ° north and 53 north latitude. No new subdivisions
were undertaken in the Williams Lake Land Inspection District during the year,
although 43 lots developed during 1969 were auctioned, with $5,838 realized in
bonus bids.
New inspection requests received in the Kamloops Inspection District increased
by 28.4 per cent over the 1969 total and to a level of 14 per cent above the average
figure for the five-year period ending December 31, 1970. The biggest increase
occurred in applications inspected for summer-home site purposes, which totalled
152, an increase of 120.3 per cent over the figure for 1969. With new industrial
development taking place and high land values in urban centres such as Kamloops,
there is also a noticeable increase in demand for rural home-sites. In order to meet
this demand, certain selected areas of Crown land will be examined in 1971 with
a view to providing a number of lots by subdivision.
In the Kelowna Land Inspection District the work load was down 15.5 per
cent from the 1969 level, but only slightly below the average for the five-year period
1966 to 1970. Applications under section 102 (2) of the Land Registry Act to
obtain accreted lands on lakes in the Okanagan continue to increase. The open-pit
mine development being undertaken by the Similkameen Mining Company in the
area 10 miles west of Princeton, estimated to involve a total investment of approximately $80,000,000, has had an impact on the economy of that section of the
Province and has resulted in a sharp increase in the demand for Crown land in the
Princeton area.
The volume of work received and type of inspections completed in the Nelson
Land Inspection District during 1970 was very similar to that processed in the
preceding year. The total of new inspection requests received was about equal to
the five-year average, but down 6.4 per cent from the 1969 total. Zoning implemented by the regional districts, together with the establishment of forest reserves,
is expected to result in a further decrease in land applications during 1971. Improved road conditions throughout the Kootenays should result in an increase in
tourist traffic and the demand for land, particularly in those areas with a potential
for recreational and residential development, should increase.    Four subdivisions
 AA 36     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
were developed during 1970 in an attempt to meet at least part of the present
demand, and during 1971 studies will be made of areas at Golden, Ta Ta Creek,
Elko, and Creston for the purpose of developing additional lots by subdivision.
The progressive increase in the work load in the two Lower Mainland inspection districts, which has been apparent during the past few years, continued at an
accelerated rate during 1970. A total of 728 new inspection requests were received, an increase of 29 per cent over 1969, and a figure well above the five-year
average. The desire of people to escape the pressures of city life is evident in the
Lower Mainland area as in other parts of the Province, and as a result an increase
of 17.4 per cent over the 1969 figure occurred in applications inspected for permanent residential and summer-home site purposes. In response to the demand for
retreat-sites, 85 lots were offered in a subdivision located at Post Creek in the New
Westminster Land Inspection District. The development of further lots at this location is planned as well as in a second nonwaterfront subdivision at Devine near
Anderson Lake. In the Vancouver Land Inspection District, several small subdivisions situated on the Sechelt Peninsula, on Texada Island, and in the Powell
River area were initiated during 1970, and should help to satisfy some of the demand
for small residential sites during 1971.
A vast area in which land examinations were formerly handled by the Forest
Service, located opposite Vancouver Island and extending from Ramsay Arm to
Cape Caution and inland to the south boundary of Tweedsmuir Park, was added
to the Courtenay Land Inspection District during 1970. This addition is the chief
reason for the large increase of 52.1 per cent in new work processed in that district
during 1970, and results mainly from the discovery of numerous instances where
Crown foreshore was being used in trespass. While it is highly unlikely that the
same volume of work will occur in this new area once all areas used in trespass have
been examined, the volume of work in the Courtenay District will nevertheless likely
remain at a high level during 1971 due to the continued development taking place
throughout the north end of Vancouver Island. New industrial development of note
in 1970 was the completion of the new cedar mill at Tahsis and the commencement
of work by Utah Construction and Mining Company on the copper mine at Rupert
Inlet near Port Hardy.
There was a 32.7-per-cent decline from the 1969 figure in new inspection
requests received in 1970 in the Victoria Land Inspection District. Of the inspections completed, 52.9 per cent were examinations of foreshore areas. Each year
examinations made of areas which fall in this category are becoming much more
time-consuming due to the increased frequency of protests received against industrial
and commercial use of foreshore and the resulting detailed investigations and interviews which are required to resolve the conflicting interests.
TRAINING
Two Deputy Land Inspectors and one Land Inspector obtained their accreditation with the Appraisal Institute of Canada during 1970, bringing the total of
accredited staff members, including the Chief and Assistant Chief Inspectors, to 10.
Two Land Inspectors completed all the requirements of the Appraisal Institute of
Canada but had not received accreditation as of year-end. Eight Land Inspectors
and six Deputy Land Inspectors have successfully completed all the required course
material in the Appraisal educational programme, and most of these individuals are
now actively engaged in finalizing the necessary demonstration appraisal reports required to meet the accreditation standards. Three Land Inspectors have completed
Part I and are proceeding with Part II of the Appraisal course.   One of the Land
 LANDS BRANCH
AA 37
Inspectors taken on staff in the fall is studying Part I of the new four-year course,
while one other Land Inspector who commenced employment with the Division late
in the year was not able to begin the Appraisal studies. After successfully completing Part I, one Land Inspector decided not to continue with Part II of the Appraisal course due to plans to resign early in 1971. One Land Inspector and one
Deputy Land Inspector successfully completed the new background course in
economics offered by the Appraisal Institute of Canada.
Two Land Inspectors have completed the three-year public administration
course, while one Land Inspector and the Assistant Chief Land Inspector are now
in the process of completing the final year. One other Land Inspector is registered
in the second year of this course.
STAFF CHANGES
As of January 1, 1970, there were two vacancies in the full field staff complement, which consists of 33 Land Inspectors and Deputy Land Inspectors. Staff
resignations during the year resulted in the Division operating for the full year at
only 88.5 per cent of full strength.
Resignations occurred on the following dates: Mr. K. G. Stearns, March 3,
1970; Mr. L. A. Gosselin, June 5, 1970; Mr. J. B. MacNaughton, June 26, 1970;
Mr. D. B. Lymburner, July 10, 1970; Mr. H. Patzelt, August 31, 1970.
As a result of the aforementioned staff vacancies, the following Land Inspectors
were taken on staff on the dates noted and were assigned to the following offices:
Mr. D. E. Derkatz, January 5, 1970, Fort St. John; Mr. A. A. Hadland, October 14,
1970, Williams Lake; Mr. E. Warnock, October 15, 1970, Kamloops; Mr. L. C.
Sorken, November 2, 1970, New Westminster.
Mr. E. S. Gowman, Deputy Land Inspector, formerly stationed at Fort St. John,
was transferred to Smithers at the end of February and was the only transfer which
took place during the year. As of December 31, 1970, there were three vacancies
on staff, although one vacancy was in the process of being filled at year-end.
STATISTICS
Table 1 represents a summary of the number and type of inspections completed
in the Province by this Division during 1970. Table 2 represents a comparison on a
year-to-year basis of the volume of field work completed and requests outstanding
at the end of each year for the period 1966 to 1970, inclusive.
Table 3 represents an analysis of requests for inspections processed by this
Division for the years 1966 to 1970, inclusive.
 AA 38     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 1—Types oj Inspections, 1970
Purchases—
Agriculture (other than grazing) 	
Access (roads, etc.)
Commercial (resorts, service-stations, hotels, airfields, etc.)
Community (cemeteries, church-sites, parking areas, etc.) _
Grazing (pasture, range) 	
Homesites (permanent)
Industrial (mill-sites, power-sites, manufacturing plants, etc.)
Summer home or camp-site	
Woodlots or tree farms	
Others  	
Leases—
Land—
Agriculture (other than grazing)
Commercial (resorts, service-stations, hotels, airfields, etc.)
Community (parks, cemeteries, dump-sites, etc.) 	
Fur-farming
Grazing (pasture, range, hay-cutting, etc.) 	
Home-sites (section 78 of the Land Act, R.S.B.C. 1960)	
Home-sites (permanent, other than section 78 of the Land
Act, R.S.B.C. 1960) 	
Industrial (mill-sites, power-sites, manufacturing plants, etc.)
Summer home or camp-site	
Quarrying (sand, gravel, limestone) 	
Reviews (rental and (or) diligent use) 	
Others  	
Foreshore—
Booming and log storage or log-dumping	
Commercial (boat rentals, marine service-stations, wharves,
etc.)    _	
Industrial (mill-sites, canneries, factory-sites, wharves, etc.)
Quarrying (sand and gravel from river beds) 	
Oyster and shellfish	
Private (floats, boathouses) 	
Reviews (rentals and (or) diligent use) 	
Others  	
Land-use permits (Land Act, R.S.B.C. 1960)
Licences of occupation	
Easements and (or) rights-of-way
Pre-emptions (Land Act, R.S.B.C. I960)—
Applications
Annual inspections (including applications for Crown grant)
Subdivisions—
Valuations 	
Survey inspection 	
Plans cancellation 	
Proposals (lakeshore, residential, etc.) 	
Others 	
118
12
29
13
2
92
44
3
3
23
883
139
37
7
202
495
46
808
59
880
10
141
114
24
6
14
26
138
6
40
35
31
18
151
19
4
1
35
5
 LANDS BRANCH
AA 39
Table 1—Types oj Inspections, 1970—Continued
Reserves—
Historic site   1
Gravel pits  2
Recreational   74
Others   19
Veterans' Land Act  2
Doukhobor lands  3
Southern Okanagan Land Project  4
Pacific Great Eastern Railway  2
Other Agencies—
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority  3
Parks Branch  2
Fish and Wildlife Branch  1
Miscellaneous inspections—
Assignments   7
Delinquent accounts  8
Escheats Act   2
Lake reconnaissance   25
Land-use surveys  20
Land revaluations of special nature  55
Protests   69
Section 53 (2), Land Act, R.S.B.C. 1960 (verifying improvements )     314
Section 78, Land Act, R.S.B.C. 1960 (re compliance with
provisions of)   20
Section 131b, Land Act, R.S.B.C. 1960, and section 53, Land
Act, 1970 (cases of doubt regarding inclusion of body of
water in Crown grant)   13
Trespass (land)   44
Trespass (water)   110
Quieting Titles Act   5
Section 102 (2) of Land Registry Act  34
Section 85, Land Act, 1970 (land exchange)   8
Others    44
Total   5,608
 AA 40     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 2—Analysis oj Inspections Completed and Inspections Outstanding at
Year-end jor the Years 1966 to 1970, Inclusive
Land Inspection
Examinations Made During-
Outstanding at End of—
District
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
318
226
303
1,129
515
185
307
274
609
423
194
191
351
233
330
156
415
13
20
173
266
274
1,066
423
216
250
245
610
433
180
241
212
259
327
189
492
28
36
171
271
353
1,039
530
275
324
247
607
387
165
266
272
353
401
137
620
1
9
190
462
325
858
428
267
369
303
513
406
146
185
244
263
341
252
567
2
16
206
374
377
620
503
236
313
301
273
318
194
179
183
342
305
189
687
2
6
27
40
15
146
72
15
37
34
92
68
34
38
14
57
49
46
38
14
32
64
36
180
52
39
45
7
45
27
38
33
23
31
40
4
74
11
8
212
61
162
60
43
16
49
67
52
26
32
25
33
35
16
48
13
56
89
24
157
58
59
9
23
27
74
74
14
57
58
61
48
41
7
67
147
Courtenay	
Fort St. John	
Kamloops	
85
86
102
62
35
New Westminster
91
19
Prince George	
111
49
25
Smithers 	
Vancouver	
Vanderhoof —	
Victoria	
88
75
20
50
200
Headquarters... —
1
Totals	
6,192
5,920
6,428
6,137
5,608
836
781
958
936
1,313
Note—These figures include pre-emptions.
Table 3—Analysis oj Requests jor Inspection Processed by Land Inspection
Division jor Years 1966 to 1970, Inclusive
District
New Requests Received during—
Per Cent Change
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1970 Over
1969
1970 Over
1966
194
230
286
929
532
173
281
246
506
426
143
172
187
260
320
170
420
13
27
180
290
295
986
402
239
258
241
508
375
184
222
221
233
307
147
524
28
36
147
419
378
924
537
279
295
266
569
396
153
259
274
355
386
149
591
1
11
238
339
288
840
426
283
362
277
376
414
194
161
276
288
354
284
557
2
18
217
432
438
494
547
239
339
369
207
337
169
185
214
359
252
191
843
2
0
—8.8
+27.4
+52.1
—41.2
+28.4
—15.5
—6.4
+33.2
^4.9
—18.6
—12.9
+ 14.9
—22.5
+24.7
—28.8
—32.7
+51.3
+ 11.9
+ 87.8
+53.1
—46.8
Courtenay.         	
+2.8
+38.2
+20.6
+50.0
—59.1
—20.9
+ 18.2
+7.6
+ 14.4
+38.1
—21.3
Vancouver  	
+ 12.4
+ 100.7
—84.6
Williams Lake. 	
Headquarters       . -
—100.0
—100.0
Totals	
5,515
5,676
6,389
5,977
5,834
j
1
Average change for 1970 over 1969 for Province is —2.4 per cent.
Average change for 1970 over 1966 for Province is +5.8 per cent.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING
BRANCH
 THE   SURVEYS   AND   MAPPING   BRANCH
The framework of maps and surveys so necessary for the orderly development and
settlement of British Columbia is provided through the Surveys and Mapping Branch.
That such scientific foundations were necessary even in the earliest days is shown by the
fact that in 1851 the position of Colonial Surveyor for the young Crown Colony of
Vancouver Island was created. In more than 100 years which have passed since Joseph
Despard Pemberton was appointed first Surveyor-General, British Columbia has expanded
immensely in all spheres of human endeavour. Much of the foundation for the way of
life we have in British Columbia today rests on the reliability of our basic surveys. As
British Columbia has progressed through time, so the surveys and maps of the Province
have increased in magnitude and complexity.
It is the responsibility of the Surveys and Mapping Branch, through the Boundary
Commissioner, to establish and maintain co-operatively the boundaries between this
Province and the other adjacent Provinces and Territories of Canada. Within the Province, the Branch has established and is ever extending a basic network of triangulation
surveys which are fundamental to determining geographical locations and co-ordinating
property boundaries. The surveying procedures vary according to the intended purposes.
Topographic surveys are constantly improving the portrayal of various physical features.
Cadastral (legal) surveys, on the other hand, delineate the parcels of Crown lands subject
to alienation under the Land Act. Finally, it is necessary to show on published maps the
combined survey effort in order to give a visual account of the position of land alienation
and geographic features of British Columbia. Maps must satisfy a wide range of uses,
whether it be by the sportsman searching for an untapped valley or virgin lake, the homesteader seeking unsettled lands, or the industrialist planning new ways and new places to
develop the resources of this Province.
So much for the uses of maps and surveys and their necessity. Also interesting is the
great variety of techniques and equipment which must support our complex surveying and
mapping organization. This includes photography from aircraft using precise cameras
calibrated to less than a thousandth of an inch, modern optical surveyors' theodolites
which read directly to seconds of arc, other instruments such as the tellurometer (a
distance-measuring device which operates on a principal similar to radar), and plotting
devices which are capable of precise mapping directly from aerial photographs. Helicopters and other aircraft speed surveyors to the remotest locations. Surveying is also
expanding into the realm of electronic computers which can process the contents of field-
notes in seconds compared with hours by manual methods. In all these ways, the science
of surveying and mapping continues to serve the people by keeping pace with their needs
and with the continual technological advances of our age.
The following is a brief summary of the functions of the various divisions of the
Surveys and Mapping Branch:—
/. Administration.—General co-ordination of the four divisions of the Branch, being
Legal Surveys, Geographic, Topographic, and Air; delineation and maintenance of
boundaries under the Provincial Boundary Commissioner—namely, (a) Alberta-British
Columbia Boundary and (_>) British Columbia-Yukon-Northwest Territories Boundary;
interdepartmental and intergovernmental liaison.
//. Legal Surveys Division.—Regulations for surveys under the various Provincial
Acts, such as Land, Land Registry, Mineral, Petroleum and Natural Gas; instructions to
British Columbia land surveyors regarding surveys of Crown lands and subsequent check
of field-notes and plans of same; preparation and custody of official plans; preparation
and maintenance of Departmental reference maps, mineral reference maps, and composite
(cadastral) maps; processing for status of all applications concerning Crown lands; field
surveys of Crown lands, highway rights-of-way, etc.; preparation of legal descriptions;
operation of blue-print and photostat sections; computational scrutiny of certain land
registry subdivision plans; inspection surveys; restoration surveys.
///. Geographic Division.—Map compilation, drawing and negative engraving, editing, and reproduction; map checking, distribution, geographical naming—Gazetteer of
British Columbia; field and culture surveys for preparation of land bulletins and maps;
preparation of legal descriptions for and delineation of administrative boundaries; compilation and distribution of annual Lands Service Report; trigonometric computation and
recording of geographic co-ordinates; general liaison between this Department and Federal and other mapping agencies on exchange of survey and mapping data; checking well-
site survey plans under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.
IV. Topographic Division.—Propagation of field survey control—namely, triangulation, traverses, and photo-topographic control; operation of Otter float-plane; helicopters
on charter; compilation and fair drawing of manuscripts for standard topographic mapping; special field control for composite and photogrammetric mapping and other special
projects; precise mapping from aerial photographs through the use of the most modern
plotting-machines.
V. Air Division.—Aerial photographic operations involving maintenance and operation of two aircraft; photographic processing, air-photo distribution, and Provincial airphoto library; compilation of interim base maps, primarily for the forest inventory;
air-photo control propagation; instrument-shop for the repair, maintenance, and development of technical equipment.
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 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH AA 45
SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
A. H. Ralfs, B.C.L.S., D.L.S., Director, Surveyor-General,
and Boundaries Commissioner
Comprehensive changes were made to the survey sections of the new Land Act
of 1970. The General Survey Instructions to British Columbia Land Surveyors, prepared and distributed under authority of section 64 of the Land Act, was also substantially revised and reissued. The general theme of these changes is to broaden
the flexibility of surveys so that the size, configuration, and orientation of Crown
lots may be more readily adapted to topography, drainage, and intended land use.
Regulations and principles for determining and delimiting natural boundaries
and for interpreting natural as opposed to artificial accretion were further clarified
and elaborated. Systematic interpretation of the rules and regulations is particularly
important in determining water areas to be excluded from alienation, in describing
the limits of foreshore lots, and in establishing the boundaries of subdivision lots on
lakes having a controlled surface elevation.
The new Act introduces an important procedural change in processing surveys.
Under authority of section 63, the Surveyor-General may directly accept, confirm,
and file survey plans made under the Act. Removal of the mandatory requirement
of Gazette notice of survey speeds up and simplifies the procedures for filing Crown
land surveys.
In order to emphasize the right of public access, the Surveyor-General may
instruct a surveyor to establish a road allowance through or along the edge of Crown
lands being surveyed. Public rights-of-way, therefore, may be established prior to
disposition. Although extra field work and plotting is required, this regulation has
the dual benefit of specifically locating and reserving the Crown's access rights and
reducing the ground area upon which the person acquiring the land pays taxes and
fees.
The Minister of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources may also authorize the
Surveyor-General to establish a public road allowance through Crown land for the
purpose of providing access to privately owned property which is in the process of
being subdivided. This policy also reinforces the rights of public right-of-way
through unalienated lands, yet assures access to the holders of the subdivided lands.
While in most circumstances the district lot system of survey is logically suited
to the land district divisions of the Province, it has an inherent weakness in so far
as cartographic retrieval of information is concerned. Under the district lot system,
lots are numbered sequentially as they are created, regardless of their location within
the land district. Therefore, having been surveyed at different times, adjacent lots
often have entirely unrelated numbers. A map user, therefore, may be handicapped
if he has only a lot number for reference, because the number gives no clue to the
lot's location. Provision is therefore made under section 61 of the Land Act to
attach a unique co-ordinate reference to each district lot.
The Branch continues to extend the application of electronic data processing to
many fields of activity. The reduction of geodimeter measurement has now been incorporated into the LSM 139 computer programme, leaving only aerotriangulation
strip and block adjustments outside of the master programme. Interaction between
aerotriangulation programmes and LSM 139 is very limited and, therefore, it has
been decided to keep them as separate entities. Four new routines were devised for
the LSM 139 system in 1970. These are routines to compute conversion between
geographical and transverse Mercator co-ordinates; transform rectangular co-ordinates by scaling, rotation, and shifting; output the results of geodimeter reductions
 AA 46     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
on cards in a form designed for later input to the system as data for least-square
adjustment; and process data for the plotting of longitudinal cross-sections.
Besides the Surveys and Mapping Branch, the Water Resources Service, Forest
Service, and Department of Highways continue to be important users of the LSM 139
programme.
Work is continuing on tape-recording survey control-station data as extracted
from punch-cards. At the end of the year, 15,000 stations had been recorded on
the tape file. A printed list of the new stations and one or more index cards for
each station are produced by two new programmes, LSM 140 and LSM 141.
Every survey has a specific object, and for economic reasons it is desirable that
for a control survey the network shall have a configuration such that a minimum
number of observations of a specified precision will achieve the required relative
and positional accuracy of the surveyed points. The Geodetic Survey of Canada
has developed programme GALS, which, in addition to computing and adjusting a
surveyed network, can evaluate the strength of a proposed survey before any field
observations are made. GALS has been made available to this Branch, but rather
than introduce a new programme it has been thought advisable to modify the
LSM 139 system to include this ability to pre-evaluate a survey. Great assistance
toward this end has been obtained from Quebec Hydro, which made similar modifications to the COSMOS programme which was made available to it by this Branch
in 1968. It is hoped that the appropriate modifications to LSM 139 will be completed early in 1971.
Due to the volume of applications to be processed, it is estimated that the
average time taken to produce the status of a parcel or unsurveyed area of Crown
land is one month, although the actual work may be a matter of hours only. For
this reason, a start has been made on designing an electronic date processing system
for recording, updating, and retrieving the status of Crown land in the Province.
The investigation is still in an early stage, and no use of such a system, which will
involve the conversion of all or part of existing records, is expected for several years.
The 50 map-sheets controlled by the Topographic Division field crews in 1970
is a new record for this type of work. This achievement is made even more remarkable by the fact that it took place in the rugged Cassiar and Omineca Mountains and
Taku River regions of northern British Columbia, where developed surface access
routes are still meagre and problems of weather and climate are constant concerns
to those reponsible for doing the work. Although the Surveys and Mapping Branch
is no stranger to northern work, we expect a continuing demand for surveys and
mapping in this region.
Map distribution continued to rise, both in the total number of sheets issued
and in value. Revenues from the sale of lithographed maps took a sharp leap in
1970, chiefly as a result of price increases initiated by Federal and Provincial
authorities.
The Air Division, as in 1969, again chartered a high-performance jet aircraft
with the intention of obtaining high-altitude 1 inch to 1 mile (80-chain) block
photography north of the 55th parallel of latitude. Unfortunately, poor weather
mitigated against plans for extensive northern coverage. Nevertheless, we were
able to take advantage of better weather in the southern half of the Province where
80-chain photography contributed substantially to the refly of almost one-quarter of
the total area of the Province. Some of the 80-chain photography was of high
priority for the Federal Government, and we are expecting the Federal agencies
concerned to reciprocate in the future by providing us with comparable coverage
obtained under Federal contract.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 47
Colour photography is becoming important in the field of remote sensing. It
has been used successfully in a wide range of environmental and ecological studies
such as ground-water detection, pollution, and tree-disease detection. Although 10
rolls of colour film were exposed in 1970, it has so far proven more economical to
have the film processed and printed at the National Air Photographic Production
Unit at Ottawa than to install expensive laboratory equipment.
A staff surveyor was again made available to the British Columbia-Yukon-
Northwest Territories Boundary Commission. A field inspection in June revealed
that the previous year's defoliant spraying operation between Watson Lake and
Atlin Lake was ineffective. Although the Commission had prepared a new spray
contract covering the line east of Watson Lake, it was cancelled until satisfactory
arrangements can be made to respray the faulty section.
During the year, continuing correspondence was carried out with Government
officials in Alberta concerning certain impending problems of administration in the
vicinity of the Rocky Mountains section of the Alberta-British Columbia Boundary.
There is confusion, firstly as to whether the true boundary is the physical height
of land of the Rocky Mountains as it exists on the ground or whether it is as shown
on the official set of maps referred to in the pertinent statutes of both Provinces
and the Federal Government. It is submitted by this Branch that the former interpretation is the only practical one for the carrying-out of legal or other surveys
adjacent to the boundary. An amendment to the aforesaid statutes is required,
therefore, for clarification purposes.
Secondly, there are a number of mountain passes crossing the boundary which
require some boundary monuments therein, the straight lines joining which to be
accepted as the official boundary. This was done and shown on the set of maps
previously referred to, but only for those passes such as Crowsnest, Yellowhead, etc.,
which were, at that time, of economic importance. Many other passes not so recognized are now, or will be, of importance and require conventionalizing with a series
of boundary monuments.
There is, unfortunately, no provision in the existing legislation for this to be
done. It is hoped that both Provinces can arrange concurrently to carry out these
two needed amendments to their respective statutes.
One of the Survey and Mapping Branch's long-term employees, Mr. H. L. E.
Hooper, died suddenly in June, 1970. Les Hooper had served with four Chief
Geographers and six Surveyor-Generals during his 46 years' employment in the
Geographic Division, and played an important role in the preparation and publication of Provincial maps. He had a special ability for free-hand lettering, and prepared many illuminated scrolls. These will remain as unique memorials to his
skills.
On August 31, Mr. Dan Pearmain retired after a happy association of 50
years with the Lands Service. Mr. Pearmain began his career as messenger but
soon started to learn the intricacies of legal surveys draughting. By 1948 he had
reached the position of Chief Draughtsman and three years later was promoted to
the office of Chief of the Legal Surveys Division, which he held until his retirement.
A presentation and farewell dinner were held in Dan's honour on June 26.
 AA 48     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
LEGAL SURVEYS DIVISION
W. A. Taylor, B.C.L.S., Chief
The role this Division plays in the orderly carrying-out and recording of
cadastral surveys in Crown land falls into three categories. The main function is
close liaison with the Lands Branch in the processing of applications for disposition
of Crown land. The second function is to provide service to other departments in
matters of surveys and reproductions, to protect and administer their interest in
Crown land. Thirdly, a field staff provides a service to the Lands Branch in development of areas of public interest, serves other departments in carrying out their
legal survey requirements, and investigates complaints by the public in matters of
boundary disputes and survey matters.
(1) LANDS BRANCH LIAISON SECTION
Clearances
When an application for a disposition is received in the Lands Branch it must
first be determined if the land belongs to the Crown, is free of encumbrances of other
interests, and if it is sufficiently well surveyed to be disposed of. The first two
matters are determined both from Lands Branch registers and Legal Surveys maps
and plans. The matter of survey is decided by this Division. Clearances on 8,917
land parcels were made for this purpose and, in addition, clearances were made on
763 mining leases.
Examination Sketches
Land-examination sketches are prepared from a consolidation of survey data
on file of every area, prior to its examination in the field by the Lands Branch personnel. This required the completion of 3,287 such plans, being a 10-per-cent
increase over the previous year.
Plan Amendments
The official plans of areas not requiring further survey frequently have to be
amended to exclude roads that have been constructed since the survey was made
and to exclude road allowances which are planned to serve lands beyond. This
function has developed in the last year because of the increased awareness of access
problems brought about by increased land costs and because the new Land Act of
1970 provided for creation of these roads under the Land Act for the first time.
Amendments to surveys on file to delete roads numbered 600. This service has
reduced the number of field surveys required, has served to protect such roads as
forest access and petroleum development roads without, or at a reduced, field survey
cost, but has made a considerable increase in our technical planning and draughting
role and is a completely new function.
Amending official plans to exclude water areas has been with us for some
years, again caused by statutory amendment to protect public interest in recreational
water, and has increased to the point where 275 plans required amendment during
the present year. New Land Act survey regulations in force this year reduced the
width and area of creeks and lakes whose areas are excepted from a lease or grant.
Although this is an advantage to the applicant for the disposition, in that he does
not pay for water area to which he will not receive a lease or grant, it has increased
the draughting work of the Division.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH AA 49
Additional official plan-amending is caused by changes in Departmental policy.
A few years ago, waterfront lots were surveyed and leased with 198-foot frontage.
Present policy allows a 100-foot maximum, consequently, expired leases, when
renewed, are reduced and plans must be amended and newly dimensioned. Fifty of
these were required on lots fronting water, with 45 of a similar nature on inland
plans. A further 100 amendments to official plans were caused by survey of parts
of surveyed lots.
Survey Instructions
Areas to be disposed of, requiring to be surveyed, necessitate that decisions
be made on the type of plan, and pertinent Act, under which the survey should be
carried out. Access is a big problem and, as costs of survey are directly related to
this aspect, careful consideration is given to ensure the least amount of survey is
demanded, consistent with security of title. Survey data in the form of original and
supporting surveys is gathered and sent out to surveyors in private practice, engaged
by the applicant for the disposition, along with the letter of survey "instructions,"
over the signature of the Surveyor-General. Although the number of such "instructions" has remained at a more or less even figure during the last several years (there
were 1,074 this year), the problems of access and deletion of nonpublic roads to
protect other Departmental interests, which is now given greater attention, increases
the time engaged by preparation of these "instructions." It is at this stage in the
disposition that a final check is made that the area that has been recommended does
in fact conform to zoning sizes and uses in the various areas of the Province. With
the advent of regional districts, the authority to set up parcel sizes has been fragmented by zoning and subdivision by-laws, and 29 authorities exist where one
formerly was in control. This promises to greatly increase the complexity of our
work.
Processing New Surveys
Surveys of dispositions, when completed, are returned to this Division for
processing. As the surveys are divided into two main categories of Land Act and
Land Registry Act surveys, they are funnelled into two different checking process
sections on receipt. Under the Land Act, 643 survey plans were received, creating
872 district lots. These plans are checked mathematically with the electronic computer, plotted on reference maps, entered in lot and regional registers, confirmed by
signature of the Surveyor-General, and copies distributed to Land Commissioners
and to the Provincial Assessor at time of lease or grant. Surveys within jurisdiction
of Harbour Commissions are sent directly to the appropriate commission.
Under the Land Registry Act, A31 subdivision and right-of-way plans were
received and checked mathematically, and against adjoining surveys, plotted on
maps and former plans, and entered in registers. They are duplicated in the
Reproduction Section, and subdivision plans forwarded for approval to the Approving Officer, Department of Highways. All plans are eventually deposited in the
appropriate Land Registry Offices.
Descriptions
Descriptions for alienation based on these plans are written for the Lands
Branch, and this year 735 descriptions were written, consuming 215 man-hours. In
certain situations, good survey practice allows an "explanatory" plan to be prepared to accompany a description. Normally this is a survey requirement to be
completed at the expense of the applicant for the disposition. However, at least 20
of these are prepared every year in this Division in cases of financial need.
 aa 50   department of lands, forests, and water resources
Finalization of Process and General
At the actual stage of disposition by the Lands Branch, lease documents and
Crown grants require preparation of a linen tracing to be attached. Lease tracings
prepared numbered 6,580, and Crown-grant tracings, in duplicate, numbered 801
(1,602).
In the process of clearing, amending, instructing for, and checking surveys, a
total of 58,038 plans and sets of field-notes were removed from the vault, viewed,
and (or) printed and returned for safekeeping, without apparent loss.
The Reproduction Section is an integral part of all the foregoing processes of
disposition, yet only approximately 40 per cent of its output of prints and 10 per
cent of its photographic output is for the use of the Department of Lands, Forests,
and Water Resources. Actual use by the Surveys and Mapping Branch accounts
for 15 per cent of prints and 2 per cent of photographic output.
Involved in the administration of surveys, requests for maps and field-notes,
etc., were 4,697 letters received, of which 1,036 involved money transactions.
Survey posts of standard design were supplied to and are stored in Government
Agents' offices throughout the Province for use in Crown land surveys. Numbers
and types of posts supplied appear in tabular form in this report.
Apart from the processing of applications for disposition, general draughting
on existing maps of all interests in land initiated from many sources forms a large
part of our work. A total of 36 new reference maps was prepared to replace worn-
out linens or maps where the pattern of alienation is so intense and parcels so small
that the scale needs to be enlarged. On the 260 existing reference maps, all new
reserves for flooding, planning, special projects, Provincial forests, pulp-harvesting
forests, forest access roads, petroleum-development roads, parks, etc., are plotted
daily.
Project 1970
There are 10 categories of General Survey Instructions for conduct of surveys
by British Columbia land surveyors. Differing types of surveys are covered by these
regulations, and authority to issue them is given to the Surveyor-General by various
statutes. The last previous editing was in 1959. Seven of the categories were
amended and rewritten in the light of changing times. All 10 were reprinted and
issued in loose-leaf form in a ring binder.
Distribution oj Survey Posts
B.C.L.S.
Bars
Standard
Pipe
Rock
Post
Driveable
Pin
Post
Caps
Anchor
Plates
Driveable
Pipe
2'/2-inch
Bolt
Amount  on hand  January  1,
1170
1,100
2,000
244
1,000
801
1,000
3,356
8,000
1,667
13,779
852
1
1,500
1,533
Tntnls
3,100
1,244
1,801
11,356
15,446
852
1,501
1,533
1,355
50
85
35
34
350
306
480
5,635
206
197
7,215
1,306
150
	
72
178
325
520
Total used in 1970	
1,405
120
690
6,321
8,718
150
250
845
Balance on hand, December 31,
1970 	
1,595
1,124
1,111
5,035
6,728
702
1,251
688
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 51
Production Totals jor the Years 1969 and 1970
1969 1970
Field books received  583 583
Lots surveyed  1,077 872
Surveys examined  541 1,070
Lots gazetted or confirmed  724 743
Lots cancelled  20 24
Lots amended  308 162
Mineral-claim field books prepared  136 146
Reference maps compiled or renewed  22 36
Applications for purchase cleared  576 589
Applications for pre-emption cleared  13 7
Applications for lease cleared  7,301 7,625
Timber sales cleared  3,047 2,253
Crown-grant applications cleared  934 823
Cancellations made  600 2,293
Inquiries cleared  1,152 1,347
Letters received and dealt with  6,378 4,697
Examination sketches  2,997 3,287
Crown-grant and lease tracings made  6,466 7,381
Photographic prints made  48,991 167,123
Diazo prints made  429,047 302,417
Offset prints made  1,469,147 1,730,066
Xerox copies made  301,096 325,674
(2)  SURVEY SERVICES TO OTHER DEPARTMENTS
Mineral Act
The number of requests received from private surveyors for survey information,
together with the number of completed surveys filed with the Division for checking
and approval, indicates a fairly high level of activity in mineral claim surveys. The
figures supplied here only indicate those surveys which are completed and submitted for approval; however, many more surveys of a preliminary nature are performed and no record is available for this type of work. Eighty-four new mineral
claim lots were received during the year. A total of 135 lots, which included a
carry-over from 1969, was checked and approved. The holders of 11 lots indicated
they intended to apply for mineral leases, so these were the only surveys to be
officially gazetted.
The actual number of mineral claims examined in the course of the year was
well in excess of the 135 quoted above. Many of the surveyed lots were perimeter
surveys, for example, three lots surveyed in the Rupert Inlet area contained a total
of 79 mineral claims. Each mineral claim involved in any survey is checked for its
priority in relation to adjoining claims (using Mines Department records) and for
its conformity to the Surveyor-General's regulations and the Mineral Act.
Petroleum and Natural Gas Act
Legal Surveys Division acts as a repository for final survey plans of petroleum
and natural-gas well-sites. The plans are received from the Senior Development
Engineer in the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch, files are prepared for each
well-site, and the position of each well is plotted on Departmental reference maps.
 AA 52     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
The mathematical check of each survey plan is done by the Trig Control Section of
Geographic Division because all well-site surveys have to be tied to established
control; however, all correspondence with the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch
and the surveyors who prepare the plans is carried on by Legal Surveys Division.
During the year, 184 plans were received, approved, and filed. Of this total, 132
plans were received during the six winter months. Directly related to well-site
survey are preliminary inquiries from oil companies, or their legal representatives;
service companies; and land surveyors, requesting information as to surface status
and survey information. Because of a limited working season and the need to move
expensive equipment quickly, such inquiries are received generally by telephone or
teletype, and replies must be handled immediately. There were 141 such inquiries
in 1970, and again the greater proportion were received in the six winter months.
Descriptions
Apart from legal descriptions written in support of Departmental alienations
of land, five jurisdictional boundaries' descriptions were written for the Department
of Attorney-General, three descriptions of park boundaries were written for Parks
and Recreation, and 12 pound districts were described for the Department of
Agriculture.
Timber Sales
In previous years, all applications for timber sales were funnelled to this Division from the Forest Service, for clearance on Departmental reference maps against
previous alienation or reserves. In mid-year a new agreement was negotiated with
the Forest Service wherein they are now responsible for all timber sales within
Provincial forests, and in order that they do this, new maps on film were supplied
to them covering all forests. Applications to the Lands Service for rights-of-way
are channelled to Forest Service as well as ourselves for map notation. Theoretically, only timber sales outside of forests are now cleared by this Division; however,
this total amounted to 2,253 in the current year.
Land Registry Plan Checking
Previous to this year, plans deposited in Land Registry Offices, under the
Department of Attorney-General, situated in Victoria, Kamloops, Prince George,
Nelson, and a quota of those handled by the Vancouver and New Westminster
offices, were mathematically checked in Legal Surveys Division by two men using
the central computer. The five-day turn-around time, set as the maximum time
which each plan should require for this check, was impossible to meet due to the
increasing number of plans. As a result, the Victoria and Prince George offices
unilaterally decided not to send in their smaller plans. Regrettably, the Victoria
office apparently accepts plans at face value without adequate mathematical check,
whereas Prince George has instituted a system of examination of output sheets from
local computers, which has considerable merit. Both offices continue to send in
their more-complicated, large-type subdivision plans. The number of plans received
and checked due to the above problem was reduced to 1,719.
To aid in checking the smaller plans still being received, a desk-model programmable electronic computer was purchased and has proven to be a valuable tool
in replacing man-hours with machine-minutes.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH AA 53
Reproductions
The Reproduction Section continues to supply the greater proportion of its
service to other departments and the public. Of the total of 302,417 diazo prints
made, only 40 per cent were for the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water
Resources. Of the total of 167,123 photographic prints made, 90 per cent was
work for other departments. The offset press turned out 1,730,066 sheets, up
approximately 27,000 from the previous year, and has been a valuable tool in the
printing of the General Survey Instructions, circular letters governing new procedures
under new statutes, subdivision regulations, etc. The Xerox equipment output was
up 24,000 prints to 325,674.
(3) FIELD WORK
The Legal Surveys field programme is made up from the various surveys required to be undertaken as a result of requests received mainly prior to the field
season. While the majority of the work is done on behalf of the Lands Branch,
numerous other Government departments are accommodated, as evidenced by the
following review of the 1970 programme. The work is assigned and normally
carried out during the months of May to November, when weather in most areas of
the Province dictates that it is otherwise inefficient if not impossible to operate.
The field staff presently consists of seven surveyors, one of whom rejoined the
service in mid-November, and eight permanent field assistants. The addition of
hired summer help allows for an individual survey crew of from three to five men,
including the surveyor.
Acreage and Subdivision Surveys, Lands Branch
Considerable survey activity centred in the Fort Nelson area, where for some
time two surveyors and crews were deployed. In continuation of a scheme initiated
in 1969 to make available large areas for lease, 18 lots were created, covering
approximately 6,000 acres in the vicinity of Mile 295 of the Alaska Highway. North
of the settlement, on the Fort Simpson trail, 14 roadside lots were posted, and in
Fort Nelson a resubdivision was carried out to make available 61 lots in an area now
serviced by water. At Alert Bay, 90 acres of land obtained through exchange were
surveyed, to be used for airport purposes. A 550-acre parcel also obtained through
exchange with a timber company was surveyed into two lots at Roberts Creek.
Right-of-way surveys were conducted to provide additionally required width for
cuts and fills on roads through Crown subdivisions at Clinton and Apex Mountain.
A small subdivision in the Village of Cumberland created three lots, and south of
Nanaimo a posting and subdivision were necessary to accommodate an owner whose
house was found to occupy the adjoining Crown lot. A dump-site was surveyed in
the Paul Lake area, and a small parcel in the University Endowment Lands was
surveyed to effect conveyance.
Green Lake	
Waterjront Lease Lots
  113
Summit Lake
     39
Total ___
  152
 AA 54     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Rural Roadside Lots
Fort Nelson	
Westbank 	
Galloway 	
Purden Lake ...
Fort St. James
Cranbrook 	
Total
14
12
17
26
27
19
115
Reposting and Restoration
In the Townsite of Balfour, several blocks were redefined and subdivided to
conform to minimum area requirements, creating 30 lots. A 1-chain wide Crown
reserve was posted through Lots 134 and 137 at Long Beach. In the precinct of
the Victoria Government Buildings, six areas were posted for parking-lot use, and
the property occupied by Helmcken House was redefined on the ground for the
Department of Public Works. The boundaries of the Forest Museum at Duncan
were reposted for the Forest Service; also part of the boundaries of the Red Rock
tree nursery. A posting of partial boundaries of a lot in Malahat District was done
to replace corners destroyed by road construction.
A total of 112 district lot corners, including those tied to in highway surveys,
were renewed with permanent-type monuments.
Interdepartmental Surveys
Surveys undertaken during the 1970 season for departments of the Government other than the Lands Branch were as follows:
Parks Branch—Postings of parts of the boundaries of Bowron Lake Park,
Moyie Lake Park, Mount Robson Park, and Mount Seymour Park were completed.
On the west shore of Christina Lake an area of 157 acres was divided into two lots
in order that the Crown might acquire title to 120 acres donated for park purposes.
A small but desirable donated area fronting Fulford Harbour was surveyed as an
addition to an area previously given by the same donor. A lot was surveyed adjoining the Village of Burns Lake for public recreational use.
Forest Service—In addition to reposting work referred to under that heading,
a survey was required to prepare a certificate of nonencroachment at Williams Lake,
and at Red Rock a subdivision was undertaken to consolidate part of the existing
nursery lands with a newly acquired parcel.
Water Rights Branch—A right-of-way for drainage-ditch purposes was surveyed in Lot 2450(S), and a 12.5-acre parcel was created in the vicinity of Oliver
for the irrigation district.
Department oj Public Works—In the City of Prince George, a resubdivision
of a city block into two parcels was made, and at the British Columbia Institute of
Technology a survey was necessary to permit the issuance of a lease.
Department oj Highways—An extensive start was made on the surveys of
private ownership along the Kootenay River being flooded by the Libby Dam construction. The survey of nine priority lots was completed before winter weather
forced postponement of this major assignment.
An area of possible accretion was surveyed adjoining private ownership fronting Canoe Pass in the vicinity of Ladner.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 55
Highway Surveys
Again this year, only two survey crews were assigned to this work. Eight and
one-tenth miles of the Yellowhead Highway were completed in the vicinity of
McBride, and 13 miles of the North Thompson Highway between Blue River and
Valemount.
Miscellaneous Surveys
A survey was required to produce a plan of the improvements in the area of
the upland end of the Tsawwassen causeway.
The natural boundary and extent of fill fronting a parcel in Metchosin was
determined and, in the False Creek area, two upland parcels were surveyed and
two fronting areas of foreshore were defined.
In the vicinity of Egmont, a survey was necessary to correctly determine the
position of an existing mineral claim relative to the boundaries of district lots in
the area.
 AA 56     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
TOPOGRAPHIC DIVISION
A. G. Slocomb, B.C.L.S., Chief
The past decade was a most successful one for the Topographic Division, much
was accomplished, new methods devised, and new equipment purchased. Our personnel have remained fairly constant over the period in total, but considerable
change was evident in individuals, particularly our instrument men and surveyors.
We still have 25 that have remained over the full period, most of whom are now
long-service employees and form the nucleus of the Division.
Integrated survey, commenced in 1962, is an example of a new method. There
are now four integrated survey areas declared and gazetted under the Official Surveys
Act, and others are in varying stages of completion. Several larger cities have
declared an intent to proceed as soon as funds can be made available to install the
monuments required.
The original purpose of this Division, the production of the National Topographic Series 1:50,000 map-sheets, was not neglected, although curtailed by more
pressing needs for control. One hundred and ninety-two map-sheets over 10 years
is a respectable average, but emphasis on the current year's production of 50 map-
sheets, an all-time high, indicates we had other diversions. Special surveys, pondage, triangulation, site plans, and integrated survey allowed our staff the opportunity
to show their versatility. They completed 75 separate large-scale projects, worked
in 29 integrated survey areas, as well as the standard mapping control.
Our equipment has been updated as often as possible, either by the latest
models or improvement, in the case of the Kelsh plotters, by stereo alternators.
When we are successful in acquiring a second-order plotter we should be able to
carry on until automation is perfected and we can change over to that. It should
not be too far in the future, possibly the next decade.
The largest crew this past season was our air-borne operation supported by one
helicopter, a Bell G3B1, chartered from Liftair International of Calgary, and the
Department's De Havilland Otter. This was a start of a control survey in north
central British Columbia that is expected to take three years to complete and is being
done in conjunction with a resources inventory in the same area. The topography
of the country ranges from rugged broken peaks to rounded hills and alpine
meadows, thus supplying a variety of challenges to the helicopter pilot and survey
crews. The region is one of the most remote in the Province from the point of view
of access to highways and other major sources of supply, and taxed our support
aircraft and supply lines to the limit. The area covered this summer extended from
Dease Lake south and east to Thutade Lake, and covered map-sheets 104 I, the
western portion of 94 L to the Rocky Mountain trench, 94 E, and the north half of
94 C, in all, 44 National Topographic sheets. The Otter logged 362 hours on the
job, and was struggling to keep up most of the summer. One contributing factor to
this was that our engineer quit in late June, but due to employment restrictions
could not be replaced, leaving the machine without an engineer. All the remaining
service checks and maintenance work had to be done in town (Watson Lake or
Smithers) either by engineers available locally or flown up from Victoria to do the
job.
Radio was again very important and worked well. The traverse crews maintained contact with each other and the helicopter by FM portables and to base
camp through our remote portable repeater station, which again proved its worth
on more than one occasion, and particularly so when the helicopter was forced down
due to a blower failure.   The field crews were able to contact base camp to set in
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 57
motion a pick-up operation far in advance of the normal time should an aircraft
become overdue. Credit must go to Transwest Helicopters Ltd. and Ker Addison
Mining Company for their co-operation in the use of their helicopter to pick up the
stranded crews and helicopter pilot. Radio contact was maintained with Victoria
by means of a single side-band unit, which was most reliable. The only weak link
in the radio setup was in the Otter, and this will be remedied by new equipment as
soon as possible.
The other six National Topographic sheets that were controlled—104N/3 and
4 and 104K/11, 12, 13, 14—were actually dividends from a pondage project for
the Water Investigations Branch in the Tulsequah River-Atlin Lake area. The
pondage area covered a large part of these six sheets, so that very little additional
control was required to complete the dual purpose.
 AA 58     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
PROVINCIAL TRIANGULATtON   A
TELLUROMETER STATIONS •
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 59
This is one of the most rugged sections of the Province, with many glaciers and
high, rugged peaks, so that the weather also was a factor to be contended with. Due
to low water in the later part of July, our Otter aircraft could not land on the Taku
River. A chartered DC3 had to use an unused airstrip 4 miles from the abandoned
mining community of Tulsequah. The crew had obtained permission to use the
vacant buildings at the Polaris mine. After getting into position to work, the rains
came and hampered the operation for the next 12 days, then for the next 15 days
low clouds and continuous rain stopped all work. During this time they experienced
two floods, known as jokulhaup, or glacial outburst. At the peak there was 32 inches
of silt-laden, icy, running water in front of the building they were staying in. It was
most fortunate that they were in the buildings and not in tents.
The Tulsequah River gave fair warning, rising about 2 inches an hour for three
to four days. It was far more rapid in recession. On the 17th of August, after
peaking, the water dropped 14 inches in the hour. From start to finish a flood takes
from four to five days.
The known source of this flood is Tulsequah Lake, 3 miles long by one-half
mile wide, which occupies a steep-walled basin between Tulsequah Glacier and a
glacier headed on Devils Paw peak. The lake is known to have drained for over
60 years and to have drained at least once annually since 1942. Due to the heavy
rains, our crew witnessed it twice, a week apart. One theory is that the basin refills
to nine-tenths of the height of the impounding ice wall. At this time the lake water
floats the barrier and the forward edge of the glacier collapses. It is believed immediately prior to this collapse at the "critical point," where the ice of the main
glacier is on bedrock, the ice is lifted momentarily, and slightly, but sufficiently to
change the water in the lake from a hydrostatic state to a hydrodynamic force, so
that the released water gushes under and reopens routes through the ice.
The extension of control throughout that part of the District of North Cowichan
lying north of Herd Road was the major project for the year for the integrated
survey crew. For the first time the crew did monumentation, secondary control,
and street-traversing simultaneously, and it worked out very well for there were no
overlaps.
While our principal concern is determining the position of the monuments, the
municipal offices are more interested in elevation data. Over the years we have
endeavoured to upgrade our procedures. This year, all of our level work was done
with rods containing graduated invar strips, and for the first time a recently purchased parallel plate-type micrometer for the Zeiss Ni 2 instrument was used on
primary level lines connecting geodetic bench marks. The results were excellent and
use of this equipment will be continued.
A system of monuments for an integrated survey was designed and marked on
the ground for the City of Fort St. John and also for the City of Penticton. Monuments of the City of New Westminster special survey, which have been included in
our control survey, were stamped with identifying numbers and reference sketches
were made of New Westminster and Delta monuments.
Integrated Survey Area No. 4 was declared in July, situated in the Yale Land
District, comprising a portion of the City of Kelowna.
Monuments were set along each side of the main stream of the Fraser River
between the mouth of the Sumas River and the Rosedale Bridge. They were installed at the request of the Department of Municipal Affairs and are intended to
reference a proposed conventionalized boundary between the District of Kent to
the north and the District of Chilliwhack to the south. These 31 monuments were
tied in by three second-order control stations to first-order "Bear" and "Mill" by
 AA 60     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
MRA3 tellurometers and Wild T3 theodolites. A geodimeter traverse connected
the monuments, and levels were carried from geodetic bench marks at each end by
differential levels. Elevation of the monuments along the river traverse are derived
from vertical angles.
Thirteen separate projects, one for the Fish and Wildlife Branch and the remainder for the Department of Public Works, were mainly of site plans, with several
topographic, profile, and cross-section for planning purposes. The locations were
scattered from Fort St. John to Wardner and Tete Jaune to Nanaimo and the Lower
Mainland. One crew did nine, spending all year on them, while the Atlin crew took
care of three before they went north. The other was done by an integrated survey
party.
Forty half-sheets plus eight partial sheets of the National Topographic Series,
totalling approximately 7,314 square miles, were compiled in the Photogrammetric
Section.   In addition, 15 more were prepared for early 1971.
Bridging was completed in the 104H Block; two previously mapped half-sheets
were included that will require revision.
There were 26 large-scale projects ranging in scale from 50 to 1,320 feet to
1 inch, totalling 1,326 square miles. The projects consist of nine for the Water
Resources Service, six for the Department of Highways, five for the Department of
Lands, four for the Forest Engineering Service, one for the Department of Mines
and Petroleum Resources, and one for the Parks Branch. Three others being worked
on—two for Water Resources and one for Fish and Wildlife—are almost completed.
The completed portion was included in the above total.
Two stereo alternator systems with 12-volt conversion units were installed on
our Kelsh plotters. The improved light and the stereo system have reduced operator
eye-strain and increased production due to the fact that the majority of the detail
interpretation is now possible directly in the model.
A plotterscope attachment for the Wild A-7 co-ordinatograph has also proved
its worth. It enabled an increased amount of spot-heighting produced this year
to be handled by one man.
We are presently testing a stereo alternator system with quartz-hologen lamps
on one of our multiplex plotters. This system was loaned to us for the test by the
Bausch and Lomb Company.
The use of ortho-photos continues to be evaluated. Samples of their product
were received from the Raytheon Company and from Hobrough Ltd., both of which
use the cathode-ray tube system. An offer from Zeiss Jena to install equipment on
our premises for evaluation did not take place due to an electrical problem. They
hope to be able to set up during early 1971, after which a full report will be made.
The Draughting Section reports the compilation of five standard topographic
manuscripts at the scale of 2 inches to 1 mile.
One hundred and thirty-six large-scale mapping plans at various scales were
completed, as well as the plotting of cadastral surveys on 14 Federal Government
1:50,000-scale manuscripts.
One integrated survey plan covering the City of Kelowna was completed. One
mosaic was constructed.
The Federal Government now has 154 of our 1:50,000-scale manuscripts on
hand for printing, which are in various stages of reproduction.
Worthy of mention are the McBride project, made up of 24 sheets at the scale
of 200 feet to the inch, covering McBride and the surrounding area; the Highland
Valley project, drawn at the scale of 1,320 feet to 1 inch, containing 28 sheets and
showing the cadastral information thereon (it extends from Merritt to Ashcroft);
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 61
the Unuk River drawn at the same scale containing 12 sheets, and which will later
be reduced and used to construct maps 104B/7 and B/10.
To keep abreast of the times the Draughting Section has made considerable
use of the Calcomp plotter at the Provincial Computer Centre to automatically plot
control stations. They are also in the process of changing over to scribing, and at
present three of the staff are performing graphic scribe technology, a new one-step
technique for producing a composite positive from a scribed original with positive
art.
Our new policy of plotting cadastral information on all large-scale mapping is
very time-consuming, with a resulting reduction in production.
Copies of the photogrammetric large-scale mapping listed on the pages following this report are available on request. The reader is also referred to the indexes
contained in the envelope attached to the back cover of this Annual Report.
Large-
scale Mapping
No.
Name
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Completion
Date
S.P. 1
1"=200', 600'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
l"=10ch.
1"=   100'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"_=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
\"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
\"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,320'
\"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1 "=1,000-
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,000'
1"= 400'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=_   500'
1"=   600'
Mosaic
5' to 50', then 50'
5' to 50', then 50'
50'
5'
50'
20'^tO'
10'-20'
20'-40'
5'
Spot heights
5'-10'-25'
5'-10'-25'
Planimetric
20'-100'
20'^tO'
20'--40'
50'
50'
20'^10'
2C-40'
20'-40'
50'
20'
20'
50'
20'^tO'
10'
10'
10'
20'
5'-10'-15'
20'^tO'
10'
20'
10'
Planimetric
10'-20'
2C-40'
2C-4C
20'^tO'
20'
10'
10'-20'
20'
18
20
13
1
38
8
6
13
28
73
2
7
1
(!)
11
12
8
6
6
1
1
26
3
48
8
23
11
5
2
7
6
20
8
11
2
4
2
4
5
3
9
16
40
7
S.P. 2
1957
S.P. 3
E.P. 5
Lower Fraser Valley	
1958
1951
E.P. 8
1951-52
E.P. 9
E.P. 10
Salmo  , 	
1952
1952
E.P. 14
E.P. 15
Fraser Pondage 	
1951
1953
E.P. 17
1953
E.P. 18
1953-54
E.P. 19
Doukhobor lands—
1953-54
Krestova-Raspberry, etc...	
1953-54
1963
E.P. 21
1954
E.P. 24
E.P. 28
M2
Clearwater   	
1954-55
M3
1955
M4
1955
M5
1955
M6
1955
M7
1955-56
M8
1956
M9
1956-62
Mil
1955
M12
1955
M13
1954
M14
M15
Kelowna 	
1954
1954
M16
1956
M17
1954
M21
1955
M24
1956
M27
1958
M29
M30
Naramata	
1956
1956
M34
1957
M36
1957
M37
1956-57
M38
M39
(1957)
M39
McLennan River —	
Dease River Dam-sites   ...	
1956-57
1956-57
1959
(1958)
M39
1960
(1960)
M40
Chilliwack River	
1956
15.. Map E.P. 17.
 AA 62     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
No.
Name
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Completion
Date
M41
1»=1,000'
1"=   600'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=2,640'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   400'
1»=   400'
1"=1,320'
1"= 1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   300'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,00c
1"=1,00C
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   250'
1"=   50C
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=   IOC
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=     40'
1" = 1,000'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1" = 1,00C
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
1"=1,00C
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   600'
1"=   600'
1"=1,00C
1"=   100'
1"=   30C
1"=   200'
1"=1,32C
1"=1,000'
1"=   200'
20'
20'
5'
5'
50'
100'
20'
20'
10'
20' to 2,600',
then 50'
20'
10'
10'
2C
25' to 600', then
500' to 2,000',
then IOC
20'
10'
10'
10' and 20'
10' and 2C
20'
10' and 20'
2C
5'
20'
5'
5'
5'
20'
10'
50'
20'
Planimetric
20'
5'
5'-lC
20'
10'
10'
10' and 20'
10' and 20'
20'
2' and 4'
1C-20'
10'
2'
20'
50'-100'
20'
10'
25'
50'
10'
10'
25' and 50'
2'
5'
20'-50'
20'
20'
50'
2' and 5'
5' and 20'
5'
25' to 250C, then
50'
25'-50'
5'
3
10
2
8
17
1
10
2
2
98
5
10
4
3
10
48
5
1
25
20
17
11
5
5
15
9
19
24
11
4
6
5
12
3
4
8
68
7
1
7
4
9
4
3
4
1
6
4
4
7
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
23
1
1
8
24
1
1
31
3
2
1959
M42
1957
M44
1958
M45
1958
M52
M54
M56
Kaslo	
Big Bar	
1959-60
1957
1958
M59
1958
M62
1958
M63
1958-59-
M63A
M66
Parsnip River Pondage (Addition)
61-62-63
1962
1958
M67
1958
M68
1958
M70
1958
M73
1959
M73
1959
M74
1959
M75
M76
Duncan 	
1959
1960
M77
1960-61
M88
1963
M88
1964-65
M89
1960
M89
M90
M90A
North Thompson	
Similkameen 	
1960
1961
1965
M90b
1966-67
M92
1962
M98
1960
M105
1962
M107
1961
M108
1961
M109
Mill
London Mountain (Whistler Mountain)
1961
1961
M113
1963
M117
1962
M117
1962
Ml 17a
1966
M118
1962
M121
Winfield      	
1961
M122
1962
M125
1962
M126
1962
M127
1965
M129
1962
M130
1962
M131
1962
Ml 34
M135
Ml 36
Kamloops Lake   	
Quesnel	
1962
1963-65
1962
M138
1962
M139
1962
Ml 42
M144
M151
Kaleden   	
MarysviUe.. —	
1963
1963
1963
M152
M155
M158
Ruby Burn	
Sechelt _. ..  	
1963
1964
1964
M160
1964
M161
1964
*M162
1964
M163
1964
M164
1964
M168
M170
Peace River Pondage (Finlay River)
1965
1965, 1966
M171
1965
* Restricted distribution.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
AA 63
No.
Name
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Completion
Date
M171
1"=   500'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
l"=l,0OC
1"=   200'
1"=1,320'
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=1,000'
1"=   200'
1"=1,000'
1"=   100'
1"=   20C
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1''=   40C
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   IOC
1"=   200'
l"=l,0OC
1"= 1,000'
1"=1,320'
1»=   500'
1"=   100'
1"=     50'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
1»=     16'
1"=     50'
1"=1,000'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   600'
1"=   IOC
1'' = 1,320'
1"=1,320'
1"=   IOC
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=1,320'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"=     40'
1"=   400'
1"=   IOC
1"=   IOC
1"=   100'
1"=1,32C
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,000'
l"=l,0OC
l"=l,O0C
1"=1,32C
1"=   400'
1"=   50C
1"=     50'
1"= 1,000'
1"=1,00C
1"=1,000'
10'
5'
10'
50'
5'
IOC
5' and spot heights
50'
5'
5'
20'
10'
20'-100'
2'
5'
5' and spot heights
5'
25'
10'
2'
5'
2'
10'
20'
20'
25'
20'
20-100 cm.
5'
5C
5'
20'
10'
2'
2'
5C
5'
5'
20'
5'
25'
50'
2'
20'
10'
100'
10'
10'
10'
2'
5'
2'
5'
5'
5'
5'
50'
10'
10' and 20'
20' and IOC
20'
20'
25'
20'
5'
1'
20'
20' and IOC
20' and IOC
1
9
4
4
10
2
3
1
27
1
21
6
53
4
4
3
2
5
3
6
1
5
9
31
28
7
1
1
1
1
9
24
9
1
1
3
16
17
3
3
12
2
1
1
1
12
2
20
2
63
4
32
2
3
1
28
24
7
1
1
7
1
6
1965
M172
1965
M172
1965-66
M173
M175
M176
Copeland Mountain 	
Shuswap Canal (Diversion).   	
1965
1965-66
1965
M178
M179
Sparwood _	
1965
1965
Ml 80
M181
Colwood-Langford  _ 	
1967
1965
M182
1968
(1968)
Ml 82
1965
Ml 82
1965-66
Ml 86
1966
M188
1966
Ml 89
M196
Shuswap Okanagan              .   	
1966
1966
*M197
1966-67
M198
M200
M201
Peachland	
Merritt
1966
1967
1966
M202
1966-67
M204
1967
M205
1968
M210
1967
M215
1967-68
M216
M217
Black Mountain Irrigation District	
1967
1967
M218
Hells Gate	
1967
M218
Hells Gate	
1967
•M220
1968
*M222
M226
Sayward-Beaver Cove.  	
1968
1968
M228
1967
M228
1967
M229
M230
Rossland	
1970
1968
M232
M233
Squamish  	
1969
1968
M233
1968
M234
1969
M236
1968
M237
1968
M238
1968
M238
1968
M242A
1970
M243
1968
tM245
*M246
1970-71
M249A
M249
Wardner
1969
1969
M250
The Woodlands School	
1969
*M251
1970
*M256
1969
*M256a
1969
M259
1969
M260
1970
M262
1970
M263
1970
M266
1969
M269
1969
tM270
M273
*M283
Forbidden Plateau	
1970
1970
TM287
TM291
tM293
Wardner  	
tM297
Atlin.   	
tM298A
* Restricted distribution.
f In course of compilation.
 AA 64     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
British Columbia Topographic Map-sheets Showing Dates of Field Surveys
Sheet
82 F/3	
F/4   	
K/11 W.
K/12   ....
L/7  _.
L/10 	
M/13   ....
83 D/4   	
D/5	
D/12   .....
D/13 W.
Date
..1951, 1954
.1944, 1947
 ...1952
 1952
 .1958
 1958
 1959
 1959
  1959
 1959, 1960
 _   1960
92 B/5    1937, 1938, 1956, 1963
B/6W  1956
B/11 W   1956
B/12   1938, 1956, 1963
B/13*   1942, 1943, 1951, 1963, 1965
B/14*        1951
C/8*   1937, 1938, 1963
C/9*   1937, 1938, 1963
C/10*  _ .....1937, 1938, 1963
C/ll E.*    1938, 1963
C/13E   1938
C/14       1938
C/14 E., part*    _  1965
C/15* _. 1937, 1938, 1965
C/16*   1938, 1942, 1951, 1963, 1965
E/1E _  1942
E/7 E    1946
E/8 _ ....1943, 1946
E/9      .1938, 1947
E/10    _  1947
E/14  _ 1948
E/16    1947
F/l*     - - _ -1942, 1943, 1965
F/2*   1938, 1940, 1942, 1963, 1965
F/3       1938, 1940, 1941
F/4      1942
F/5   1937, 1938, 1943
F/6    1938, 1940, 1941
F/7*  1940, 1941, 1942, 1965
F/8*   1942, 1943, 1950, 1965
F/9    1950
F/10   -- 1950, 1953
F/ll   1934, 1935, 1937, 1938
F/12  -   1936, 1937, 1938
F/13  — 1935, 1936
F/14 1935
F/15 E., part       1950
F/16 E., part      _ _ 1950
G/4*    _ 1942, 1943, 1965
G/5     1950, 1952
G/7, part    1940
G/10, part    1940
F/8  1942, 1943, 1950
G/ll      1952
.1950, 1952
.1950, 1952
G/12  	
G/13    	
G/14    .... 1952
H/l     1920, 1923, 1950
H/2 _  ... 1923, 1949
H/3 1924, 1931, 1948, 1949
H/4        1948
1/12      __  1958
1/13     1958
J/15      1948, 1949
J/16 ..-_ -.1948, 1949
K/1E., part -  1950
K/3    -  -1949
K/4    _    1949
K/5    _.. _..___ 1949
K/6   1949
L/l     -1932
L/2    ..... .1931, 1932
L/3   1948
L/4   —1948
L/6    -..- 1931, 1934, 1940
>heet
92 L/7      	
Date
 1931, 1932
L/8   	
 1931, 1932
L/10    	
L/ll
 .1931, 1940, 1956
           1940
L/l 2     	
L/13  	
 1935, 1936
          1936
M/3   	
 1959
M/4   	
      1959
M/5	
N/1   	
          1959
 1958
N/7   ..
 1958
N/8	
 1958
N/9	
  1958
N/10    	
  1958
N/15    	
  ...1958
O/l 	
 1950
0/2 	
 1947
0/3 	
   .1958
0/4 	
 1958
0/5	
  1958
0/6	
 1958
0/7  	
  .1950, 1958
0/8	
                1950
0/9  	
          1951
o/io   	
O/ll    	
 1958
            1958
0/12   	
        1958
0/16   	
              1951
P/2 	
                               1959
P/3 	
 1959
P/4  	
           .1958
P/5 	
 1958
P/6  	
  1959
P/7    	
    1959
P/10  	
               1959
P/ll  	
1959
P/12 	
           ... 1958
P/13  	
 1958
P/14 	
        1959
P/15  	
1959
P/16  	
        1959
93 A/1    	
1959
A/2    	
1936, 1959, 1960
A/3   	
 1959, 1960
A/4    	
             1959
A/5 	
      1935
A/6   	
  1935
A/7    	
A/8     	
   -1936, 1959, 1960
        -1959
A/9  	
   1959, 1960
A/10   	
.    -                           1934, 1960
A/11   	
         1933, 1934
A/12   	
A/13    . 	
 .--1931, 1933, 1934
                         1934
A/14   	
1933, 1934
A/15   	
A/16    	
  1934, 1960
     1960
B/l
1951
B/6*      	
1963
B/7*    	
                                      1963
B/8 	
   1952
B/9    	
 -    1950, 1965
B/10*    	
1963
B/ll*    	
1963
B/12*    	
         1963
B/13*	
       1963
B/14*    	
1963
B/15*    	
1963
B/16   	
.              1950, 1965
C/5    	
1959
D/7 E	
                          1958
D/8  	
                   1958, 1959
G/2  	
  1933, 1960
G/3   	
     1960
G/4   	
1960
G/5   	
  1960
: Compilation in process.
■ Field survey completed.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 65
British Columbia Topographic Map-sheets Showing Dates
of Field Surveys—Continued
Sheet
93 G/6      	
G/7  	
G/10   	
Date
1960
 1933, 1960
 1960
 1960
  1960
 1948
 1956
Sheet
93 0/13     	
0/14    	
P/1  	
Date
         1957
    1957
 1956
G/ll    	
P/2 	
P/3  	
  1956
G/12	
1957
G/14	
1/8   	
P/4 	
P/5 	
P/6  -	
 1957
 1957
1/9   	
 .1956
 . 1957
1/10   	
1/11   	
 1956
 1957
  .1957
 1957
 1957
 1956
 1956
 1949
 1949
P/7 	
P/8 	
 1956
 1956
1/12   	
94 B/4   	
C, part 	
D/lt    	
 1939, 1957
1/13   	
1/14   ..
      1939
      1963
1/15   	
1/16     	
J /2   	
J/3   	
D/2t   -	
D/3t   	
D/4t   	
D/5t    -	
 1963
 1963
 1963
 1963
J/5   .   	
 .1961
D/6t   	
D/7t   -	
     1963
J/6
1961
       1963
J/11   	
  1961
D/8t   	
D/9t   	
D/lOt   	
D/llt   	
 1963
J/12	
J/13   	
 1961
 1961
 -   ..   1970
 1970
K/l
 1946
 .1946
 1930, 1960
 1930, 1960
 1960
  1960
            1961
             ..   1970
K/2    	
K/7  	
K/8
D/12t    -	
D/13t   --	
D/14f       	
  1970
 1970
                                1970
K/9   ....
D/15t    	
 1970
K/10	
K/ll
D/16f   	
E/lt  -	
E/2f 	
E/3t  	
  1970
  1970
K/12   .. 	
K/13
 1961
1961
     1970
  1970
K/14   -
...  1961
 1961
 1961
E/4f 	
 1970
K/15	
K/16   	
E/5t - -
E/6t . -	
E/7t -	
 1970
   1970
L/2 	
 ...1951
 1970
L/7 	
1951
E/8t -.-	
  1970
L/9 	
 1951
E/9t    -	
E/lOt --	
 1939, 1970
L/10   	
-1950, 1951
1950
 1970
L/ll  ...
E/llt 	
 1970
L/14 .
     1950
1962
E/12t 	
          1970
L/15
E/13t ----- -
1970
L/16  	
          1962
E/14t 	
E/15t 	
.  1970
M/l
 1962
 1963
.— 1949
 1963
 1963
 1963
 1963
         1970
M/2	
M/5   ...._	
M/7   	
M/8    	
M/9   	
M/10	
E/16t   	
F, part   	
L/3t 	
L/4f  	
L/5t  	
L/6t  	
L/121 	
 1939, 1970
 1939
 1970
     1970
  1970
 -  1970
M/ll   .
 1963
 1949
 1963
  1963
           1963
 1970
M/12    	
L/13T 	
   ...1970
M/13*   	
M/14*   ....
L, part   —	
 -1940, 1941
      1941
M/15*   	
102 1/8 E.  	
1/9   	
1/15   	
 1935, 1937
M/16*	
N/1*     	
 1963
 1962
  1935, 1936, 1937
   1937
N/2*   	
N/3 *   	
N/4*
 .1962
 1962
1962
1/16  - - -
P/8 E.	
P/9 E	
 1936, 1937
  1961
                   1961
N/5*
  1962
 1962
  1962
 1962
 1962
 1962
  1962
 1962
P/16
..1961
N/6*     	
103 A/1     	
 :    1961
N/7*
A/2E	
1961
N/8*	
A/8 -	
 1961
N/9*   	
A/9      	
A/13E.    	
G/l E.	
G/7 E	
G/8           	
  1961
N/10*   .
 ... 1961
N/11*    	
 1961
N/12*   	
 .1961
O/l    	
       1957
    1961
0/4*       	
 .1961
 1961
 -1957
1957
G/9
  1961
0/5*
G/10E	
             1961
0/6    	
G/15 E	
G/16         	
 1961
0/8
 1961
O/ll     	
  1957
 1957
H/3    	
 1961
0/12    	
H/4   	
 1961
* Compilation in process.
t Field survey completed.
3
 aa 66    department of lands, forests, and water resources
British Columbia Topographic Map-sheets Showing Dates
of Field Surveys—Continued
Sheet
103 H/5	
Date
 1961
Sheet
104 H/2*    	
H/3*    	
H/4*	
Date
1969
H/6   	
  1961
1969
1/2   	
  1949
1969
1/7
1948
H/5*   	
H/6*   	
1969
1/10	
 1947
 1969
P/9
 1949
H/7*   	
H/8*	
H/9*   	
1969
P/10 E	
 .1950
1969
P/14 E	
  1950
 1950
1969
P/15  	
H/10*    	
H/ll* 	
H/12E.* —-	
1969
P/16* —	
 .1967
 1969
104 A/1*     	
  1967
       1969
A/2E.*
 -1967
H/12W -	
H/13E.*  	
- 1951, 1969
A/2 W.   ..
 —1950
1969
A/3
  1950
H/13W   -
H/14*   	
1951, 1969
A/4t        	
 1967
1969
A/5 E -	
  1950
H/15*    	
H/16*   	
      1969
A/5 W.t         	
  1967
  1950
1969
A/6   	
1/lt   ---	
I/2f    -
l/3t       	
                 1970
A/7*   	
    -1967
 1970
A/8*    	
 1967
—  1967
 1967
   .1970
A/10*     -	
A/HE.*              	
1/4 E.t 	
1/5 E.t 	
I/6t   	
I/7t   	
I/8f    	
-   1970
1970
A/11W.   ..
 1951
1970
A/12                	
  1951
1970
A/13E.*  	
   1967
..,            1970
A/13 W 	
A/14*    —	
A/15*    	
104 B/lt   	
B/6 E.*
 1951
1967
 -1967
 1967
 1967
 1967
I/9t    	
l/10t    	
I/llt     	
1/12 E.t	
I/14t
 1970
  1970
 1970
 : 1970
1970
B/7*    	
I/15t --
  1970
B/8t      - 	
B/9t    	
  1967
 1967
I/16t    	
J/2 W	
J/3     	
J/4   	
J/5   —	
 1970
         1952
B/10*   	
B/ll* 	
   1967
 1967
.    1952
    1952
B/12E.*   	
 ..1966, 1967
 1952
B/13 E.*    	
B/14*               	
 1965, 1966
 —1965
J/12	
J/13   	
K/llt     	
K/12f --	
K/13t 	
K/14t 	
K/16 E	
N/1   	
N/2   	
N/3 E 	
N/3 W	
N/4	
N/5   	
N/6  	
N/7W 	
N/7 E., part   	
N/11 W	
N/12   	
N/13    	
P, part	
P/15 	
P/16, part     	
 1952
            ... 1952
B/15*        —
  1965
   1970
B/16 	
 1951
 1970
F/16 	
 1967
 1970
G/l      	
         1951, 1969
 1970
G/2*    	
  1965
 1952, 1953
G/3*   	
 1965
 1953
G/4 E.*       	
        1965, 1966
     1953
G/5 E.*   	
G/6*    	
G/7*	
G/8	
G/9 	
G/10*	
G/ll*   	
G/12*   . .
1965, 1966
 — 1965
 1965
  ..1951, 1969
 1951, 1969
  ....   .1966
  1966
      . 1966
 1966
 1951
 1951
       .1951, 1969
 1969
 1953
    1970
  1970
 - . 1952
     1952, 1953
 -.      .   .   .1953
  1953
 1952
G/13*
 1952
G/14    	
G/15	
G/16    	
H/l*    	
 1952
.    1941
_     1941
  1941
* Compilation in process.
t Field survey completed.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH AA 67
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
W. R. Young, B.C.L.S., Chief
Map distribution, though showing only a comparatively modest 3.2 per cent
increase oyer 1969, rose for the fifth successive year. As indicated in Table C, however, the value of maps issued was 46 per cent higher, mainly as the result of an
increase in prices for Federally produced maps which took effect on January 1, and
for Proyincial maps on March 2. In May the price increase for Canadian Government maps was cancelled except for an adjustment in the price of the 1:50,000 scale
series.
Late in June the Division was saddened by the death of Les Hooper, Supervisor
of Map Production. Mr. Hooper had served in the Division for 46 years, and among
his various duties was publication of the Lands Service Annual Report. Besides
losing Mr. Hooper's great experience, the Division also lost three draughtsmen
through transfer or resignation, of whom only two had been replaced by the end of
the year. In addition, there was a turnover in the position of map distribution clerk.
More than 10 man-months of staff production were lost as a result of the time-lag in
filling the vacancies.
New map production and map reprints are listed in Table F. It may be noted
that Map 92K/92J(W) (Bute Inlet), has been increased in longitudinal dimension
to include the western half of National Topographic unit 92J. This lightly populated
and rugged section of the Coast Mountains can be adequately statused at 1:250,000
scale, while status coverage of the more densely settled and complexly alienated
eastern half of unit 92J will be statused and published at 1 inch to 2 miles scale. The
first sheet at the latter scale, 92J/NE (Bridge River), was issued in October. As
indicated in Table H, pre-publication work is continuing on Map 92J/SE (Pemberton), which is expected to come off the press in 1971. This will complete the replacement of the existing Provincial map-sheet 92J. The concept of stretching
1:250,000 scale maps to cover three degrees of longitude is particularly logical in
northern regions where meridional convergence reduces the distance separating
longitudinal lines considerably. Thus it is possible to show on the same paper size
approximately the same amount of information as on the two-degree sheets in
southern regions.
Map IJ (British Columbia), at 1 inch to 30 miles scale, was completely revised
and reprinted in 1970. Among the changes incorporated since the 1964 edition of
this sheet are new reservoirs on the Peace River and Arrow Lakes, the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway extensions in north central and northeastern British Columbia, and
the new Northern Trans-Provincial Highway connection from Prince George to
Yellowhead Pass. Other alterations include a completely revised post office index,
several new district municipalities, such as Houston and Mackenzie, the new Bugaboo Glacier and Cathedral Provincial Parks, and, on the Lower Mainland inset map,
the Roberts Bank deep-sea terminal.
Another map of the Provincial Park Series was lithographed in 1970. P.S. (G-3)
(Western Garibaldi) at 1 inch to 1 mile scale, shows, in five colours, cultural details
and topography of the developed western part of this 760-square-mile park.
Of the 19 maps listed in Table H currently being prepared for reproduction,
two (Mount Assiniboine and North Eastern British Columbia) were in lithography
at the end of the year. The rest were in various stages of preparation ranging from
initial compilation to final colour proving.
 AA 68     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Unlike the previous year when stocks of only two Provincial topographic
1:50,000 scale maps were received from Ottawa, a total of 17 full and 28 half-sheets
were delivered in 1970. These are listed in Table G. While a few maps continue
to be printed in the old east half-west half format, the trend toward joined single
sheets continues. Ottawa also supplied stocks of 35 full sheets and three half sheets
which were published Federally.
Another 17 topographic manuscripts were sent to Ottawa to join the back-log
of 28 sheets awaiting publication.   These are listed in Table I.
The Gazetteer section checked 43 maps for nomenclature, and added 340 new
place-names to the Gazetteer records.
In October, two members of the staff carried out field culture checks for revisions to maps 82E/SW (Penticton) and 92H/SW (Chilliwack).
Examples of the 25 special projects done at the request of other departments
or agencies were a road map of northern Vancouver Island, map folders for the
Survey '70 excursion through British Columbia, a Centennial '71 contest map, maps
for the Annual Financial Review and Budget Review, and legal descriptions of
boundary changes to 11 school districts.
The research officer prepared a map-keyed summary of notes in connection
with the Survey '70 flying seminar through British Columbia and northwestern North
America. In September, the text of the History oj the British Columbia Lands
Service was completed and it is planned to print the history in 1971 as a contribution to the Province's Centennial year. All of the Land Series bulletins were reprinted, with the exception of Peace River Land Series Bulletin (No. 10). As a
result of the new 1970 Land Act, Land Series Bulletin No. 11 (Disposition oj
Crown Lands) was also completely rewritten for reprinting. The Kootenay Land
Series Bulletin (No. 1) appeared as a completely revised second edition. Among
the innovations appearing in the second edition of the Kootenay bulletin are separate
maps outlining each subarea. These appear at the head of each appropriate subarea
section of the bulletin. The former fold-out map was replaced by the map used for
Land Series Bulletin No. 11.
In addition to the statistical tables which follow, the reader is referred to Indexes 8 to 14, Index to Published Maps, in the envelope inside the back cover of
this Annual Report.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
STATISTICS
Table A—Survey Records
AA 69
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969 1970
Index cards—
New	
Old (rewritten)..
Total on file	
Requests for control attended to .
1,693
1,453
37,240
334
673
2,482
37,913
368
1,184
912
39,097
361
883
2,102
39,980
412
3,088
1,375
43,068
495
1,235
750
44,303
415
Weil-site surveys checked during 1970, 186.
Table B—Canadian Permanent Committee on
Geographical Names
1965
1966
1967   '
1968
1969
1970
93
5,584
402
85
11,428
440
48
13,018
314
49
66
43
Number of names checked   	
Number of new names recorded	
4,754
260
6,835
233    1
7,156
340
Table C—
Map Stock and Distribution
1965     |     1966
1
1967
1968
1969
1970
Number of requisitions filled 	
9,429
86,755
107,741
$56,152
9,550
95,540
155,133
$62,977
11,639
114,723
261,314
$73,550.82
12,174
128,303
221,187
$77,086.36
12,311
149,421
178,386
$91,633.29
13,390
Maps issued to department and public
154,133
159,237
Total value of maps issued	
$133,454.32
Table D-
-Geographic Work jor Other Departments and Public
1965            1966           1967             1968
1
1969      |      1970
1                   1                    J
20              23       |       22                28
$4,460    1 $4,307    1 $2,927.13   $1,612.36
23
$5,113.65
25
$1,888.71
Table E—Letters
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
7,297
8,007
9,481
9,044
9,729
10,515
 AA 70     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table F—Maps Prepared and Reproduced by the Geographic Division,
Victoria, During 1970
, Map No.
Name
Scale
Remarks
1 J
1JNT
92K/92J(W)
93 P
92J/NE
New Editions
British Columbia, post offices, roads, etc.	
British  Columbia,   showing  National  Topographic system _
Bute Inlet (third status edition)	
Dawson Creek (first status edition)	
1 in. to 30 mi.
1 in. to 30 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1 in. to 2 mi,
1 in. to 1 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
New, seven colours, contoured.
P.S.G. 3
82 E/SE
Reprints
Reprint, no revision.
Reprint, no revision.
Reprint, no revision.
Reprint, no revision.
Reprint, no revision.
Reprint, no revision.
92 H/SW
92 K
92 O
93 G
103 I/J
Bute Inlet (second status edition)	
Taseko Lakes (first status edition)	
Prince George (first status edition)  	
Prince Rupert-Terrace (second status edition) .
Table G—Provincial Government Topographic Manuscripts Prepared and Reproduced at 1:50,000 Scale by the Canadian Government, Ottawa, During 1970
Map No.
Name
Map No.
Name
92 0/3
Warner Pass (first edition).
102 P/8E
Chic Chic Bay (first edition).
92 0/4
Tchaikazan River (first edition).
102P/9E
Calvert Island (first edition).
92 0/6
Nadila Creek (first edition).
102P/16E&W
Hunter Island (first editions).
92 0/7
Churn Creek (first edition).
103 A/1E&W-2E
Bella Bella (first editions).
92 O/10
Gaspard Creek (first edition).
103 A/8E&W
Spiller Channel (first editions).
92 0/11
Bambrick Creek (first edition).
103 A/9E&W
Roderick Island (first editions).
92 0/12
Elkin Creek (first edition).
103 A/13E
Dewdney Island (first edition).
92P/2
Criss Creek (first edition).
103 G/7E
Bonilla Island (first edition).
92P/3
Loon Lake (first edition).
103 G/8E&W
Banks Island (first editions).
92P/6
Green Lake (first edition).
103 G/9E&W
McCauley Island (first editions).
92P/7
Bridge Lake (first edition).
103 G/10E
Griffith Harbour (first edition).
92 P/10
Deka Lake (first edition).
103 G/15E
Kitkatla Inlet (first edition).
92 P/11
100 Mile House (first edition).
103 G/16E&W
Oona River (first editions).
92 P/14
Lac la Hache (first edition).
103 H/3E&W
Gil Island (first editions).
93 A/3
Murphy Lake (first edition).
103 H/4E&W-G/1E
Trutch Islands (first editions).
93 A/4
150 Mile House (first edition).
103 H/5E&W
Port Stephens (first editions).
93 K/12
Pendleton Bay (first edition).
103 H/6E&W
Hartley Bay (first editions).
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH AA 71
Table H—Maps Being Prepared by the Geographic Division, Victoria, During 1970
Map No.
Name
Scale
Remarks
1 D
North Eastern British Columbia.
1 in. to 10 mi.
In lithography.
S.G.S. 1
Vancouver Island (second edition).
1 in. to 6 mi.
In draughting.
92 O
Taseko Lakes (second status edition).
1:250,000
In draughting.
93 D/103A
Bella Coola (third status edition).
1:250,000
In draughting.
93 H
McBride (second status edition).
1:250,000
In draughting.
93 O
Pine Pass (first status edition).
1:250,000
In compilation.
103 P
Nass River (third status edition).
1:250,000
In compilation.
82 E/NE
Upper Kettle River (second status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In compilation.
82 E/NW
Kelowna (third status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In compilation.
82 E/SE
Grand Forks (second status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In draughting.
82 E/SW
Penticton (third status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In compilation.
82 F/SW
Trail (second status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In draughting.
/82J/NW
Mount Assiniboine (first status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In lithography.
92 G/NE
Pitt River (first status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In compilation.
92 G/NW
Squamish (first status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In draughting.
92 H/SW
Chilliwack Lake (third status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In draughting.
92 I/SE
Merritt (third status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In draughting.
92 J/SE
Pemberton (first status edition).
1 in. to 2 mi.
In draughting.
3R
Fort Nelson (Land Status edition).
1 in. to 1 mi.
In draughting.
Table I—Provincial Government Topographic Manuscripts Being Prepared at
1:50,000 Scale by the Canadian Government, Ottawa, During 1970
Map No.
Name
Map No.
Name
83D/4
Murtle Lake (first edition).
93 J/6
Youngs Creek (first edition).
83D/5
Angus Home Lake (first edition).
93 J/11
Weedon Lake (first edition).
83 D/12
Azure River (first edition).
93 J/12
Carrier Lake (first edition).
83 D/13W
Kiwa Creek (first edition).
93 J/13
Salmon Lake (first edition).
92 0/5
Mount Tatlow (first edition).
93K/7
Shass Mountain (first edition).
93 A/1
Clearwater Lake (first edition).
93K/8
Fort St. James (first edition).
93 A/2
McKinley Creek (first edition).
93K/9
Pinchi Lake (first edition).
93 A/7
MacKay River (first edition).
93 K/10
Stuart Lake (first edition).
93 A/8
Azure Lake (first edition).
93K/11
Cunningham Lake (first edition).
93 A/9
Hobson Lake (first edition).
93 K/13
Tochcha Lake (first edition).
93 A/10
Quesnel Lake (first edition).
93 K/14
Trembleur Lake (first edition).
93 A/15
Mitchell Lake (first edition).
93 K/15
Inzana Lake (first edition).
93 A/16
Niagara Creek (first edition).
93 K/16
Tezzeron Creek (first edition).
93G/2
Cottonwood Canyon (first edition').
93 L/15
Driftwood Creek (first edition).
93G/3
Pantage Lake (first edition).
93 L/16
Fulton Lake (first edition).
93 G/4
Coglistiko River (first edition).
93M/1
Old Fort Mountain (first edition).
93 G/5
Pelican Lake (first edition).
93 M/2
Harold Price Creek (first edition).
93 G/6
Punchaw Lake (first edition).
93M/7
Netalzul Mountain (first edition).
93 G/7
Hixon (first edition).
93M/8
Nakinilerak Lake (first edition).
93 G/10
Red Rock (first edition).
93M/9
Bulkley House (first edition).
93 G/ll
Bobtail Mountain (first edition).
93 M/10
Nilkitkwa River (first edition).
93 G/12
Chilako River (first edition).
93 M/ll
Gunanoot Lake (first edition).
93 J/5
Great Beaver Lake (first edition).
  ...,,,_.............
SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 73
AIR DIVISION
E. R. McMinn, B.A., B.A.Sc, D.L.S., B.C.L.S., P.Eng., Chief
Acquisition of air photographs this year dropped to 30,000, including a large
amount of 80-chain cover which will replace old 40-chain Eagle V photography. A
Learjet aircraft was again leased for two months to increase the capability for photography in northern areas, but few weather opportunities occurred.
Air-photo production increased by 10 per cent to a new high of 270,000 prints;
the time delay in orders was not reduced as effectively as had been planned because
of extreme problems in maintenance of the electronic mass production equipment.
The planimetric mapping programme comprised some 13,000 prints instead
of the planned 30,000. By May about 350 map-sheets will be completed, just short
of the normal output.
FLYING OPERATIONS
The two Zeiss 12-inch cameras and the two Wild R.C. 8 6-inch cameras performed reliably this season with no loss of photo opportunity attributable to any of
them. The two R.C. 8 cameras were equipped with deep-orange gelatin filters to
assist in haze penetration.
CF-BCD was operational from early spring until the middle of September, at
which time it was taken out of service because of a ruptured fuel tank. This was
the fourth consecutive year that this unserviceability occurred in one or the other
of the two Beechcraft. CF-BCE was fitted with a new design fuel-cell system in
the spring of 1970; the same modification will be effected in CF-BCD this winter.
All-metal flaps were installed on both machines to eliminate upkeep on the
former fabric-covered types.
The Learjet contract, as before, was for a two-month period, but was extended
two weeks by the lessee as compensation for time lost when it was found, on delivery
of the aircraft, further modifications were necessary to make it photographically
operational, and to compensate for certain unserviceabilities, which accounted for
four photo-days being lost in the southern half of the Province.
The use of this high-performance aircraft presented a unique problem in regard
to its Zeiss navigation sight. Akin to an inverted periscope, the barrel protruded
through the outer skin of the aircraft and was exposed to the reduced pressure and
intense cold of high altitude. When the aircraft descended, water vapour entered
the prism head and condensed on the extremely cold lens elements. It was then
necessary to remove the head after landing to allow the moisture to evaporate before
attempting another trip.
A variety of experiments, such as nitrogen-filling and chemical air-drying, were
tried to eliminate this problem.
The essential factor underlying the decrease in photo acquisition was the geographical position of the priority areas and their normally poor weather. Seventy-
five per cent of 20-chain and 40-chain photography this year was north of 54°
latitude, which brought them under the main flow of moist, unstable air that is
characteristic of northern British Columbia.
While southern areas experienced near drought conditions, the three photo
aircraft were able to work on only 22 days in the north half of the Province. Eight
of these days were little over five hours, take-off to landing, and three were over
six hours during the most snow-free period, July and August. Also, one-half of the
priority 20-chain areas were situated in the relatively early-season, snow-free, northeast corner.
 AA 74     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Snow persisted at a lower level in the southern portion of the second-priority
Finaly project, which delayed operations there until after the first week of June.
A Learjet captain was hired on a short-term basis and the copilot was provided by the Department of Highways. That Department also made available a
Beechcraft pilot and undertook the ground servicing for the jet.
To make up a full complement of three crews, two men skilled in aircrew duties
were released from the mapping staff for three months.
A programme to revise old 40-chain photography was undertaken on optional
weather opportunities, using the Lear as a camera vehicle. Accomplishment, including 25,300 square miles for the Federal Government, was approximately 80,000
square miles or 23 per cent of the total area of the Province, at a scale of 1 mile to
the inch. This production required 57 flying hours.
Projects completed (all or part) 96 of 112
Total hours flown......  585:55
Total line miles  33,886
Total number of photos .  3.0,367
Resolution tests were made with Kodak 2405, Kodak Plus-X, and Ilford FP-3
films.
A comparison of the results indicated that the most suitable type for general
reconnaissance is Kodak 2405 because of its pleasing tonal range; and for precision
mapping work, Ilford FP-3, because of its fine-grain characteristic.
FP-3 is not considered practical for use in 12-inch photography because of its
slow speed compared with Kodak 2405.
AIR-PHOTO PROCESSING
The 1970 flying season began in early May and continued throughout the summer until late September. A total of 119 rolls of black-and-white films were exposed
during this time.
Although 500-foot rolls of film are used in the cameras, they are cut and
spooled in 250-foot rolls for ease of handling and storage. Ten rolls of Kodak Aero
Color Neg. film were exposed this year, but these films were processed for us by
the National Air Photo Unit, who also supplied prints as required at extremely
low prices.
All black-and-white air films, as well as Topographic 116 films, miscellaneous
sheet films from 4x5tollxl4 were processed in the Kodak Versamat processor.
A new printer, a Logetron Mk. II, was put into use in May. Some 675 hours
of maintenance work have been expended on the three printers.
A new Beseler 4x5 enlarger with three lenses of varying focal lengths was
acquired early in the season; the old equipment was donated to the New Denver
School.
COMPILATION AND DRAUGHTING
This year, 30,000 forest-inventory photos were requested; some 16,000 were
taken and of these 3,000 covered only small parts of projects, so that about 13,000
were left to be processed. These represent just under the normal output of 400
map-sheets.
This was the first year of production in the agreement to produce 20-chain maps
tailored specifically to cater to the Forest Inventory Draughting Office standards.
The Forest Draughting Office retained the original copy, and a sepia was returned
to the Air Division for the eventual reduction to 40 chains as a method of developing and revising this series.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH AA 75
This new method of production assembly eliminated all duplication of effort
in the two divisions involved. In the Air Division, the first step eliminated the worksheet stage; the sheet on which the final tracing is produced with grids and survey
control is initiated in the draughting office. It then proceeds to the plotting-floor
where photo-centres and wing points are added lightly in pencil. In the next stage,
most of the map detail is added in ink, and finally into the draughting office for the
addition of the cadastral surveys, and any remaining ink work. Only roads and the
heights of land which are Forestry's compartment boundaries remain in pencil.
Some sacrifice in the amount of detail is apparent—made necessary by the
wealth of material to be added in the inventory programme—when it is considered
that this series, for the Air Division purposes, will be reduced to 40 chains, the new
map will have an acceptable density of detail.
Total production saw 450 finished 20-chain sheets, the reduction amalgamation
of 156 20-chain sheets to produce 39 new 40-chain sheets, and a further 128 sheets
to produce 32 more 40-chain sheets near completion.
The mapping of the E. and N. Belt at 20 chains to 1 inch, which commenced
in 1969, was completed this year. This was a detailed production and many hours
of work were necessary to settle the controversial lot pattern in this area.
A major work was undertaken by the Compilation Section in the Dawson
Creek area where the lack of mapping control in northern areas for the Forest
Inventory programme required the plotting of the Federal and Provincial townships
to use in processing the slotted template lay downs. Five traverses were programmed
through the IBM computer, and numerous routes through the lot surveys were
plotted.
Lot compilation rose from 95 sheets in 1969 to 221 in 1970. Control sheets
decreased from 748 to 334 in the same period.
20-chain Compilation, 1970
Control Lot Compilation
Dawson Creek  140 126
Eagle  24 11
Kingcome  8 21
Longworth   66 23
Quesnel  96 40
334 221
INSTRUMENT-SHOP
In addition to the annual preventive maintenance of the Division's four aerial
cameras, a special study was made of a problem which occurred when one Zeiss
film magazine and camera were used together. The report at the conclusion of the
investigation showed that there had been a slight misalignment of one of the magazine components at the time of manufacture. Keuffel and Esser Co., which does
the aerial camera maintenance for the Zeiss Company in Canada, agreed with the
report and sent a technician to Victoria to correct the error.
The two Wild R.C. 8 mapping cameras were inspected in preparation for calibration in Ottawa by the National Research Council.
Maintenance of the Topographic Division's horizontal cameras and their F-24
vertical cameras was carried out. Some parts for the F-24 camera are virtually impossible to obtain, and some trouble was experienced with these cameras during the
summer.
A small, horizontal navigation sight for use through the front window of the
Learjet was designed and built.
 AA 76     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Seven pairs of binoculars were either evaluated or repaired for the British Columbia Forest Service, and one pair of Russian-made binoculars is being evaluated
for the Purchasing Commission.
The Air Division purchased a Logetronic photographic printer in May of this
year, and the Shop personnel worked with the factory technician to install and set up
this new printer.
The operation of the printer has not been faultless, and the lack of a comprehensive maintenance manual, plus the great distance between Victoria and Springfield, Virginia, where Logetronic Inc. are located, has made servicing of this printer
difficult.
With the output of three electronic printers now being processed by the Ver-
samat continuous processor, it is essential that the printers operate consistently within
very small tolerances—probably smaller tolerances than the machines were designed
to maintain. As a result of this, a heavy work load has been placed on the Shop
personnel who are responsible for the maintenance, adjustment, and monitoring of
the printers.
In order to provide a calibration of scan control, electronic scan counters were
designed and built for the Air Division's two original printers. These counters provided the degree of exposure control that was needed to meet requirements.
New stainless-steel sinks were purchased for the colour darkroom and the
Versamat-room. The installation was done by Public Works, and this Shop provided the additional fittings such as shelves, cupboards, and duck-boards.
One set of film-spool winding handles was designed and built for the Logetronic
printer, and two sets of film-spool winders were modified for the other printers. The
winders now allow a fore-and-aft positioning of the film on the printer glass and
provide for a controllable amount of friction on the film advance.
Studs and threaded sleeves for the Jayco slotted template cutters were made
and hardened. Some problems were experienced during the hardening process as
this Shop does not have equipment which allows control during the hardening
process.
Twenty scribing-tool holders were built for use in the Topographic draughting
office.
The 24-volt direct-current power supply used in the Shop to operate the aerial
cameras for maintenance or training was rebuilt to provide a more stable current to
operate the large cameras.
REPORTS
A two-hour illustrated lecture on "Aerial Photography for Forest Inventory
Purposes" was prepared and given to the Forest Inventory personnel.
The following reports were prepared during the year:
B.C.F.S. Binoculars.
Zeiss Camera Maintenance.
Zeiss Magazine Malfunction.
Zeiss Camera Maintenance—Supplement.
Proposed List of 1970 Film Tests.
Supplement to List of 1970 Film Tests.
Report on Film and Film Tests (FP3, PX2402, SDX2405).
Report on Topographic Light Meters.
B.C.F.S. Binoculars.
B.C.F.S. Binoculars.
Logetron Maintenance.
Report on Ilford HP3 Film.
 ■
SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
STATISTICS
1970 Air Operations Cost Summary By Projects
AA 77
.is o
<X
Accomplishment
ZE
3S
au
ca ^
c o
A, 80-chain vertical cover—
1. New cover—
Agriculture Department-
82 K      	
93 O and 94 B	
Subtotals	
Federal Government-
82 F	
82 G	
92 J, K, L ...
92 M, N, O .
93 A, B	
Subtotals-
Internal—
82 K
82 M and 82 NL
83 C and 83 D ..
83 E and 93 H ..
92 B and 92 C ...
93 J and 93 K ..
93 N and 93 O ..
93 O and 94 B....
Subtotals...
Water Resources—
82 E  	
82 L    	
104 N	
Subtotals	
Totals... 	
Average cost	
40-chain vertical cover—
1. New Cover—Forest Surveys and Inventory Division—
KechikaPSYU	
Stikine PSYU	
Subtotals _
2.  Improvement flying — Topographic
Division^93 B refly	
Totals —
Average cost	
C. 20-chain vertical cover—
1. New cover—
Forest Surveys and Inventory Division—
Dawson Creek PSYU	
Eagle PSYU       - .....
Finlay PSYU 	
Kingcome PSYU	
Kotcho PSYU  	
Longworth PSYU	
Quesnel PSYU    ....„_.._	
Babine Lake PSYU __	
Subtotals.. — 	
Department of Finance —  West
Coast Vancouver Island	
2. Revision—
Forest Surveys and Inventory Division—
Babine Lake 	
Botanie Colour	
Eagle PSYU	
Kingcome PSYU	
4:00
1:15
245
65
790
300
5:15
310
1,090
2:25
2:35
9:05
5:00
2:20
115
220
600
385
200
320
350
1,700
1,050
650
21:25 |    1,520 |    4,070
1:25
80
7:50
650
4:30
325
1:40
120
2:50
150
3:10
165
5:00
295
1:35
125
265
1,940
1,110
440
580
585
1,060
315
28:00 |    1,910 |    6,295
3:05
5:00 I
:30 |
185
295
45
700
1,100
145
8:35 |       525 |    1,945
63:15
4,265
$5.79
7:35
10:35
680
260
13,400
$1.84
1,125
490
18:10 ]   940 | 1,615
1:00
15
25
19:10
955 |  1,640
$6.89 1  $4.01
	
79:25
6:05
37:40
4:30
24:35
10:00
21:00
1:00
184:15
15:15
1:00
6:50
6:00
9:00
4,735
490
1,885
410
1,715
850
1,500
150
11,735
1,400
150
135
400
690
3,525
344
1,568
300
1,420
613
1,100
 113
~_7983~
1,192
113
96
290
505
$837.39
261.68
$658.74
174.77
$1,496.13
436.45
$1,099.08
$833.51 [      $1,932.59
$505.92
540.82
1,901.59
1,046.74
488.47
$309.20
591.52
1,613.23
1,035.16
537.75
$815.12
1,132.34
3,514.82
2,081.90
1,026.22
1,483.54 |    $4,086.86 |      $8,570.40
$296.57
1,639.89
942.07
348.92
593.15
662.95
1,046.74
331.46
$215.10
1,747.67
873.84
322.65
403.31
443.64
793.17
336.09
$511.67
3,387.56
1,815.91
671.57
996.46
1,106.59
1,839.91
667.55
$5,861.75 |    $5,135.47 |    $10,997.22
$645.49
1,046.74
104.67
$497.42
793.17
120.99
$1,142.91
1,839.91
225.66
$1,796.90 |    $1,411.58 |      $3,208.48
$247708.69
$13,241.27
$1,587.55
2,215.61
$11,467.42
$1,828.33
699.07
$3,415.88
2,914.68
$3,803.16 |    $2,527.40 |      $6,330.56
209.35
$4,012.51
$16,625.74
1,273.54
7,885.44
942.07
5,146.47
2,093.48
4,396.32
209.35
40.33
$2,567.73
$12,731.11
1,317.48
5,068.25
1,102.38
4,611.17
2,285.42
4,033.09
403.31
249.68
$6,580.24
$38,572.41 I $31,552.21
$29,356.85
2,591.02
12,953.69
2,044.45
9,757.64
4,378.90
8,429.41
 612.66_
"$707124762"
$3,192.56
$209.35
1,430.54
1,256.09
1,884.13
$3,764.22
$403.31
362.98
1,075.49
1,855.22
$6,956.78
$612.66
1,793.52
2,331.58
3,739.35
 AA 78     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
1970 Air Operations Cost Summary By Prqjects—Continued
■!3 o
<x
Accomplishment
§2
'So
EO
o
o,
ei
H
M
O a,
31
a.U
o o
HO
*o o
si
"cj en
oj et
33333
3S
C. 20-chain vertical cover—Continued
2. Revision—Continued
Forest Surveys and Inventory Division—Continued
Longworth PSYU	
21:35
20:00 ■
13:35
1,570
1,595
620
1,135
1,158
481
$4,518.44
4,186.96
2,843.65
$4,221.30
4,288.52
1,667.01
$8,739.74
8,475.48
4,510.66
Quesnel Lakes PSYU	
Seymour PSYU	
78:00
5,160
3,778
$16,329.16
$13,873.83
$30,202.99
Finance Department—
2:00
8:00
190
1,000
168
780
$418.70
1,674.79
$510.86
2,688.72
$929.56
4,363.51
West Coast Vancouver Island	
10:00
1,190
948
$2,093.49
$3,199.58 '
$5,293.07
Land Inspection Division — Lone
2:40
240
186
$558.26
$645.29
$1,203.55
Totals
290:10
19,725
$5.77
15,087
$7.54
$60,745.88
$53,035.13
$113,781.01
D. Special projects—
Agriculture Department — Okanagan
7:10
:45
:15
5:00
2:00
1:05
4:30
:20
1:15
2:00
:35
3:00
2:10 '
8:20
4:25
2:20
1:20
1:50
1:45
:35
:20
:30
:30
:50
:40
2:00
1:50
3:15
1:00
1:30
:45
:30
1:30
:30
1:55
:35
:35
:30
390
140
12
160
53
10
120
25
45
31
6
68
59
409
314
11
3
250
10
1
77
2
32
21
1
51
43
304
34
9
91
10
2
4
$1,500.33
157.01
52.34
1,046.74
418.70
226.79
942.07
69.78
261.69
418.70
122.11
628.04
453.59
1,744.57
924.62
488.48
279.13
383.80
366.36
122.11
69.78
104.67
104.67
174.46
139.56
418.70
383.80
680.38
209.35
314.02
157.01
104.67
314.02
104.67
401.24
122.11
122.11
104.67
$1,048.60
376.42
32.26
430.20
142.50
26.89
322.65
67.21
120.99
83.35
16.32
182.82
158.63
1,099.68
$2,548.93
533.43
84.60
1,476.94
561.20
253.68
1,264.72
136.99
382.68
502.05
138.43
810.86
612.22
2,844.25
924.62
676.69
332.90
1,249.56
412.07
178.57
104.73
104.67
123.49
228.23
169.14
604.22
464.46
946.55
241.61
335.53
197.34
139.62
354.35
120.80
670.11
149.00
256.55
145.00
British Columbia Hydro—
Mica Pondage	
District Forester, Kamloops — Mable
Finance Department—
Forest Engineering—
Beach Wood survey	
Kingcome 	
Mica Pondage 	
Highways Department — Fort Nelson-
Lands Department—
70
20
322
17
21
13
188.21
53.77
865.76
45.71
56.46
34.95
Cypress Bowl 	
Fort Nelson 	
Hatch Point  	
7
20
11
69
30
99
12
8
15
13
15
6
100
10
50
15
5
3
4
11
21
45
9
1
10
5
13
4
20
3
7
2
18.82
53.77
29.58
185.52
80.66
266.17
32.26
21.51
40.33
34.95
40.33
16.13
268.87
26.89
134.44
40.33
Summit Lake.  	
UBC    	
Land Inspection Division—
Jordan River.	
Port Alice 	
Ucluelet	
Pollution  Control  Board — Victoria
waterfront (colour)  	
Public Works Department—
BCIT Burnaby    	
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
AA 79
1970 Air Operations Cost Summary By Projects—Continued
Accomplishment
.0
So
Photographic
Costs
■S3 O
o o
3S
2S
o o
hU
D. Special projects—Continued
Recreation  and Conservation Depart-
ment—
1:00
2:45
2:20
1:20
:40
1:30
1:30
:40
11:50
5:40
4:15
1:45
4:15
:30
13:55
1:55
8:25
6:05
2:25
1:55
2:00
4:00
:35
1:30
2:20
64
105
88
20
83
82
6
12
102
10
100
130
120
3
243
2
339
20
217
346
20
46
39
85
77
5
$209.35
575.71
488.48
279.13
139.56
314.02
314.02
139.56
2,477.29
1,186.31
889.73
366.36
889.73
104.67
2,913.42
401.24
1,762.01
1,273.53
505.92
401.24
418.70
837.39
122.11
314.20
488.48
122.11
87.22
1,360.76
52.34
34.89
$172.08
282.31
236.61
$381.43
858.02
West Coast Trail                   	
725.09
Topographic Division—                  ,
104 A and 104 B       ..     ..    .
279.13
10 '
65
171
5
180
250
75
33
141
7
367
42
208
450
37
55
65
141
53
12
26.89
174.77
459.76
13.44
483.96
672.17
201.65
88.73
379.10
18.82
986.75
112.93
559.24
1,209.93
99.48
147.88
174.77
379.11
142.50
32.26
166.45
488.79
North Cowichan Municipality	
773.78
153.00
2,961.25
Water Resources—
1,858.48
1,091.38
455.09
1,268.83
123.49
3,900.17
514.17
2,321.25
2,483.46
605.40
549.12
593.47
1,216.50
Princeton Storage Reservoir	
Southeast Kelowna  — —	
Summerland    	
264.61
University  of British  Columbia—Cle-
346.46
E. Internal—
94 O and 94 P               	
488.48
6
35
25
30
15
10
16
20
271
15
5
1
2
212
1
3
43.02
53.77
728.64
40.33
13.44
165.13
140.99
North Thompson Highway 	
2,089.40
92.67
Roberts Bank  .. —
48.33
167
55
5,422
$8.98
3,759
$12.95
$34,106.33
$14,578.28
$48,684.61
Average cost	
F. Miscellaneous Flying—Internal-—
18:50
12:20
9:35
1:25
8:15
$2,581.96
2,006.25
296.57
$2,581.96
2,006.25
296.57
Training! —	
50:25
	
$4,884.78
$4,884.78
	
585:55
30,367
33,886
$116,990.77
$81,648.56
$198,639,332
i Cost of maintenance and training charged to all projects.
2 Includes $82,579.89 for 2-month lease and operation of a Lear Jet.
 AA 80     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Orders for Standard Prints (9 by 9 Inches) From
British Columbia Negatives, 1970
Reprints
Loans
Requisitions
Number
Requisitions
Number
Public-
455
344
28
244
205
1,214
32,823
17,280
2,131
9,467
4,401
16,777
420
223
6
69
104
318
15,304
7,113
219
2,458
1,308
3,928
Commercial air survey	
Totals 	
2,490
82,879
1,140
30,330
76
19,141
89
6,133
Provincial Government—
403
169
171
38,874
114,411
16,336
349
400
425
21,451
7,622
7,076
Totals	
743
169,621
1,174
36,149
3,309
271,641
2,403
72,612
MISCELLANEOUS
Enlargements 	
Transparencies	
35-mm. slides	
Diapositive plates
Colour	
Autopositives 	
Mosaic contacts	
Air films—rolls	
Ground negatives—rolls
Completed
. 2,930
.     200
140
. 1,594
180
.     325
118
119
56
Public Loans and Reprints
1966             1967
1
1968             1969
1970
15,680
61,276
13,123
50,918
13,127
60,794
24,442
79,920
30,330
Reprints  - 	
83,879
Totals    	
76,956
64,041
73,921
104,362
114,209
Letters Inward And Loans
Letters inward	
Loan service requisitions
Loan fees	
3,194
845
$7,368
Revenue
Cash sales
$10,210.56
Land accounts  $100,710.31
Total  $110,920.87
 surveys and mapping branch
Production Record to 1970, Process Laboratory
AA 81
1946-67
1968
1969
1970
Grand
Total
Processing completed—
Air films—
RC8, OSC, Zeiss ...	
780
2,832
75.5
29.5
13.5
4,735
750
4,039
12.5
2,003,326
46,087
4,132
761,865
105.5
5
10
.5
8
600
163
4
8
119
4
2
2
10
1,167.5
2,845
F24, F8, K20 obliques	
95.5
31.5
Colour—RC8 and Zeiss 	
10
1,100
700
67
2
56,121
41.5
6,435
1,450
230
2
23,144
4,336
1
27,236
184
17.5
Printing completed—
Standard prints (5x5" enlarged to 10 x 10")	
2,109,827
46,271
4,132
Contact prints — Centel and Milligan and
Logetron (10 x 10")	
177,651
196,906
248,497
180
118
2,930
559
140
325   '
200
1,594
3,750
1,384,919
180
3,783
30,634
23,754
384
8,512
1,620
19
6,228
44,258
56
1,363
51
1,534
4,008
36,461
24,313
Lantern slides (2 x 2" (stereo and 35 mm.))
Autopositive films (up to 40 x 42")	
Film transparencies (up to 40 x 46")	
17
172
297
237
918
324
778
9,227
2,441
19
Kelsh, A7, A8, plates, films, and miscellane-
875
4,085
1,072
3,907
9,769
56,000
  UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT
LANDS
  UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
AA 85
UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
R. P. Murdoch, Project Manager
In 1966, work was commenced for the filling of No. 1 Ravine to a point which
would allow the extension of Fourth Avenue westward from Drummond Drive.
This project which required approximately 1 million cubic yards of fill, has been
completed. Preliminary design is underway for the development of the road allowance. The extending of Fourth Avenue into Chancellor Boulevard will facilitate
the flow of traffic onto the University of British Columbia campus. The problem of
handling the substantial volume of cars in a concentrated period of time still remains
to be solved. The two major roads which will contribute considerably to the solution are the completion of Southwest Marine Drive and 16th Avenue west of Blanca
Street.
This past year has seen preliminary exploration into the possibility of locating
a research park in the University Endowment Lands, with an area of approximately
100 acres being considered.
University of British Columbia Housing Administration is presently constructing twin 18-story towers. The amount of accommodation and rates being charged
by the University Housing Administration for student living-quarters have created a
problem for the fraternities located in the University Endowment Lands. It has
reached a point where some of the fraternities are looking for ways of disposing of
their houses.
Alternate land-use proposals are being considered for Block 89, presently
occupied by fraternity houses, which will assist the fraternities out of their present
financial difficulties.
During this past year steps have been taken to implement the recommendations
of the Canadian Underwriters' report on fire protection for the area. Delivery has
been made of a new attack pumper-truck. Steps were also taken to place a reserve
on a future fire-hall location.
The lease in favour of the Westward Ho Golf Course Limited expired May 31,
1970, and the course is presently being occupied on a caretaker basis. It is most
desirable that the 123 acres involved continue to be used as a golf course.
There remains a broad interest in the possibility of future development of the
University Endowment Lands for single-family, multiple-dwelling, and commercial
development.
The following tabulation shows comparative revenue figures for the past 10
years, together with a summary of building permits. It is noted that during this
last year our total revenue is at an all-time high, exceeding $900,000 for the first
time.
 AA 86     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
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 UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
AA 87
Number and Value of Building Permits Issued for the
Calendar Years 1968, 1969, and 1970
1968
1969
1970
Number
Value
Number
Value
Number
Value
13
3
1
3
2
1
1
1
14
22
~3
4
$75,000.00
125,000.00
30,000.00
75,771.00
87,000.00
22
3
12
3
$51,900.00
66,500.00
19,000.00
1,200.00
8,400.00
$143,700.00
10,000.00
Garages, etc	
3,700.00
58,000.00
18,150.00
16,500.00
Totals   	
22
$147,000.00
26
$454,471.00
40
$188,350.00
  PERSONNEL OFFICE
  PERSONNEL OFFICE
AA 91
PERSONNEL OFFICE
K. M. Hanson, Personnel Officer
The year 1970 had its high and low points as far as the Personnel Office was
concerned. The high point was April when all positions were filled. Recruitment
was down considerably from 1969, as were promotions and internal transfers. Due
to nation-wide economic conditions, terminations were drastically reduced. The
summer work programme involving students was on a much smaller scale, hence
the staff requirements for the summer were also down. The establishment of the
Department was increased by one position, that of a Fire Prevention Officer at the
University Endowment Lands.
1967
1968
1969
1970
Recruitments for continuous staff.	
55
39
19
11
17
12
43
3
77
52
25
24
2
13
8
40
3
59
45
22
16
6
8
5
42
1
52
34
41
7
6
4
Transfers from other departments	
5
36
2
38
In November 1970, Messrs. V. G. Knapik, R. F. Oberg, and R. A. Paine were
awarded diplomas in public administration, having completed the three-year training
programme. Other employees of this Department taking the course are G. H. Wilson, A. C. Bridge, and A. G. Anderson, Fort St. John (third year); W. C. Fry and
T. J. Todd, Burns Lake (second year); D. Conway and D. B. Smith (first year).
Promotions of interest during the year included W. A. Taylor to the position of
Chief of the Legal Surveys Division and R. W. Thorpe to Supervising Surveyor,
Legal Surveys Division. These promotions were the result of the retirement of D.
Pearmain, Chief of the Legal Surveys Division, after 50 years' service. Other retirements included that of J. A. Paul from the Land Inspection Division, Pouce
Coupe.
In June of this year, Les Hooper of the Geographic Division died suddenly
while in service.
The year as a whole was successful, even though there was a considerable
increase in long- and short-term illnesses.
  MAIL AND FILE ROOM
  MAIL AND FILE ROOM '-
AA 95
MAIL AND FILE ROOM
David S. Preston
Letters received in the Department during 1970 amounted to 260,420, compared to 272,431 in 1969. The decrease in total mail recorded might be attributed
to the slowing economic trend in the latter part of the year. The Lands portion of
the mail did, however, show an increase, indicating a continued interest in Crown
land.
The new colour-code filing system was completed in June and is now operating
better than expected. Open-shelf filing with the colour and number bar for indentifi-
cation has greatly eliminated the common errors in filing. When an error in filing
has taken place it can be visually spotted without actually handling the file. The old
cabinet filing system (see photographs) required handling of files other than the
one required, therefore adding a physical search as well as visual. When files were
misplaced in the cabinet system they could not be located easily, if at all. In the new
system one person can check the entire file vault visually in approximately three
hours. When the vault was renovated, three other associated items, file registers,
microfilmed files and file charge control were included with it, thereby making it
possible for anyone seeking file information to get it all in one place.
Microfilm began in October and will continue through 1971/72. It is anticipated this filming will eliminate many of the old unused files and make space for
new material.
Letters Inward
Branch
1970
1969
10-year Average,
1961-70
69,819
130,614
35,532
24,455
64,298
145,536
36,706
25,891
55,405
140,676
30,403
22,711
Totals     ..	
260.420           1         272.431
249,195
Letters Outward (Recorded)
17,340
2,300
15,417
1,900
14,566
Forests
1,932
Totals ...
19,640
17,317
16,498
Miscellaneous Reports
Designation
1970
1969
10-year Average,
1961-70
Forest-fire reports..
Logging-inspection reports	
Land-classification reports	
Stumpage-adjustment notices-
Totals.	
4,003
8,540
5,608
12,035
30,186
2,318
8,360
6,137
21,636
38,451
3,404
11,310
5,317
6,921
26,952
New Files Created
"O" files..                                                   	
8,369
1,510
865
7,727
1,753
1,574
6,858
1,541
1,766
Totals	
10,744
11,054
10,165
Micro-film Reference, 851.
 Old filing system before conversion and modernization.
Filing system after conversion to open-file colour coding.
—Photos by British Columbia Forest Service.

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