BC Sessional Papers

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR 1968 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1970

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 ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
FIRE
MARSHAL
FOR
1968
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
B. Nixon,
Fire Marshal of British Columbia
DEPARTMENT OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL
Hon. L. R. Peterson, Q.C,
Attorney-General of British Columbia
  To Colonel the Honourable John R. Nicholson, P.C., O.B.E., Q.C, LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Forty-seventh Annual Report of the
Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31, 1968.
LESLIE R. PETERSON,
A ttorney-General.
Victoria, British Columbia, August 1, 1969.
  TABLE OF CONTENTS
Report of Fire Marshal.
Table I.—Fire Investigations, Fire Crime Statistics.
Page
.     7
.    9
Table II.—Inspections Made and Orders Issued by Local Assistants to the Fire
Marshal  10
Table III.—Fires Reported, Construction of Buildings Burned-
Table IV.—Causes of Fires	
Table V.—Classification of Property Burned and Causes..
Table VI.—Summary	
Table VII.—Ten-year Comparative Statement of Fire Losses..
Table VIII.—Loss of Life, 1959-1968	
12
15
17
32
33
34
Table IX.—Twenty-year Fire Loss (Graph)  35
  REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL
Office of the Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, British Columbia, August 1, 1969.
The Honourable Leslie R. Peterson, Q.C,
Attorney-General, Victoria, British Columbia.
Sir,—I beg to submit the Forty-seventh Annual Report of the Fire Marshal
for the year ended December 31, 1968. During the year there were 7,010 fires,
with a loss of $21,116,971. Although there was a slight increase in the number of
fires there was a decrease in the loss, as there was in 1967 from the year 1966, when
our losses reached the all-time high of over 23 million dollars. Sixty-six of our
fires were over $50,000 each and accounted for $9,257,825. Nineteen of these
large fires occurred in our unorganized areas and were responsible for nearly three
million dollars of our loss.
I regret to report a number of deaths due to fire. There were 100 during the
year 1968, a decrease of six from the preceding year. Eighty-one separate fires
accounted for this loss of life and a glance at Table VIII will show that 47 of these
fires occurred in dwellings with a life loss of 56. Nearly 50 per cent of all fatal
fires were caused by smokers' carelessness and 19 fires from smoking in bed.
Fire Advisory Services
Progress made in the formation of regional districts throughout the Province
has increased the scope of fire-protection surveys and this additional service has
required the reallocation of inspectional services. During the year, six requests
for such surveys were made.
In the year 1968 we inaugurated a programme of certification of fire apparatus.
This is proving of great benefit to municipalities and manufacturers. The first such
certificate was issued on November 3rd to a local manufacturer of fire apparatus.
Pursuant to the Fire Marshal Act, our staff Inspectors made 1,058 inspections
and Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal, 92,07'4. Arising out of these inspections,
172 orders were issued and a number of appeals heard and determined. I am
pleased to report that following inspections, in most of the cases, fire hazards were
corrected without orders being issued.
Among matters receiving special consideration were the increased number of
flammable fabrics, toys, and novelties. Full co-operation, where requested in the
matter of control, has been received from foreign Trade Commissioners and local
distributors. This has resulted in the removal of hazardous materials and items
from the retail market.
The British Columbia Emergency Fire Defence Plan
This plan continues to occupy an active role. One Provincial Fire Advisory
Council meeting and two Zone meetings were held and seven organization meetings
and 29 lectures were given on the Fire Defence Plan.
Fire Investigation Services
This year, 377 fires were investigated by staff Inspectors, which resulted in 32
Court appearances and 20 attendances at inquests. The results of these investigations are set out in Table I. The collection and reporting of selected fire-crime
information to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics is the responsibility of this office,
and the returns for the year are included in Table I.
7
 I 8 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Fire Service Training
Three hundred and seventeen instructional classes, attended by 1,161 firefighters, were held during the year, providing 951 hours of instruction. It was encouraging to note that 689 certificates of attendance were issued to fire-fighters
attending these classes from 63 different departments.
The first Provincial Course of Instruction in Fire Protection was held in June
of the year. This was a three-week basic training course for fire-fighters and consisted of 32 lectures and 37 periods of practical instruction. At the end of the
course written examinations were held and certificates issued.
During the year, fire-pumpers were assigned for training to Barkerville, Fort
Steele, Creston, Revelstoke, Saanich, Riverview, Valleyview, Vancouver Wireless
Station, and the British Columbia Penitentiary.
Orientation courses for Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal continue to be
held. Some 20 fire departments are represented at each course, which covers instruction in the use of the Fire Marshal Act and regulations. Further, staff Inspectors
participated in in-service training at the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Depot,
Regina, and the Los Angeles Fire Department.
Public Information Services
Our Film Library continues to be a popular source of information not only to
the Fire Service but to the general public. Our films were placed on loan 565 times,
providing a valuable educational service to the community.
The distribution of fire-safety literature and technical information continues
to occupy a prominent role in our public service, not the least of which is the conducting of public displays in the interest of fire prevention. Active membership in
international, national, Provincial, and local advisory and enforcement agencies
enables us to keep abreast of current fire-safety requirements.
Public Safety
We receive and circulate to fire and police departments throughout the Province
information on the movement and location of radioactive materials. Large shipments of these sources are convoyed through the heavily populated areas by our
Inspectors.
Moving-picture projectionist examinations, held pursuant to the Fire Marshal
Act and regulations, were attended by 26 applicants. As a result of these examinations, seven first-class and ten second-class licences were issued.
The continued increase in the use of mobile homes and travel trailers equipped
with compressed-gas appliances has resulted in more than 5,000 Fire Marshal-
approval labels being issued.
During the year, 1,390 plans and specifications pertaining to all regulations,
requiring approval under the Fire Marshal Act, were received and processed.
Statistical information goes out each year to the Dominion Fire Commissioner,
Fire Marshals, and Fire Commissioners across Canada and the United States, insurance companies, adjusters, and libraries, to Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal,
and many others. For tabulating purposes, detailed records of all large-loss fires
are sent to the National Fire Protection Association for inclusion in fire-loss surveys.
In October of the year we moved to our new quarters at 3250 East Broadway,
Vancouver 12. Our new offices have an area of 10,000 square feet, with public
parking facilities. These new premises have enabled us to improve our service to
the public with greater efficiency.
 r
REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 9
I would like to thank the members of the various fire and police departments,
the British Columbia Research Council, the National Harbours Board, Civil Defence
Organization, and my own staff for excellent co-operation during the year. I would
also like to thank members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, especially those
who are Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal, municipal police in the Province,
Local Assistants to the Fire Marshal, insurance companies and their adjusters, and
the Fire Underwriters' Investigation Bureau for co-operation throughout the year.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
BASIL NIXON,
Fire Marshal.
TABLE I.—FIRES INVESTIGATED
Totals
A.
B.
Total number of fires investigated throughout the Province  563
Fires investigated by the Office of the Fire Marshal:
Accident or negligence	
Incendiary 	
Unknown 	
95
188
94
C. Charges laid throughout the Province:
Number of persons charged
Number of charges laid	
Arson	
Setting fire to other substances
Other offences	
Disposition of charges—
Convicted	
Dismissed 	
Acquitted	
Adults
_ 42
. 47
_ 28
. 10
.    9
- 32
. 5
.    2
Juveniles
32
36
12
21
3
21
5
377
74
83
Withdrawn	
Stay of proceedings
Committed	
Pending	
Probation	
Died pending trial...
Settled out of Court.
4
1
2
1
Persons not charged but committed to mental
hospital or institution     8 2
D. Fire crime statistics. (The following record is compiled by the Fire
Marshal Office for the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and represents all fire-crime
investigations throughout the Province.)
Suspected
or
Known
Incendiary
Unfounded
Actual
Number
Offences Cleared
Persons Charged
Offence
By
Charge
Otherwise
Adult
Juvenile
M.
F.
M.
F.
Arson and attempted arson	
339
85
254
56
35
36
6
31
1
 I 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE II.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY
LOCAL ASSISTANTS TO THE FIRE MARSHAL
City Municipalities (31)
Districts Reporting
Inspections
Orders
Districts Reporting
Inspections
Orders
Armstrong-
Chilliwack...
Courtenay—
Cranbrook-
Dawson Creek-
Duncan	
Enderby	
Fernie	
Grand Forks-
Greenwood	
Kamloops	
Kelowna	
Kimberley	
Langley	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
79
1,257
67
995
1,354
11
150
53
3
723
1,307
629
1
1,254
1,378
New Westminster-
North Vancouver..
Penticton	
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam-
Port Moody	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert.	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Trail	
Vancouver—
Vernon	
Victoria _
White Rock-
7,537
4,041
972
208
687
180
1,449
690
188
111
25,615
1,090
11,426
359
31
2
5
Totals .
63,814
63
District Municipalities (39)
9,584
401
60
623
22
1,987
462
32
11
1,282
292
1
370
1
570
2,194
440
253
45
63
3,468
69
540
72
33
Oak Bay.	
12
riplfn
1
6
Kpnt
3
3
Totals	
22,841
59
Town Municipalities (13)
Castlegar..
Comox	
Creston-	
Fort St. John-
Hope	
Kinnaird	
Ladysmith	
62
199
62
51
Merritt-
Mission City_
Quesnel	
Sidney	
Smithers	
Williams Lake-
Totals	
69
59
618
105
1,225
16
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 11
TABLE II.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY
LOCAL ASSISTANTS TO THE FIRE MARSHAL—Continued
Village Municipalities (57)
Districts Reporting
Inspections
Orders
Districts Reporting
Inspections
Orders
Abbotsford    ..
81
17
1
1
1
52
2
765
4
66
133
156
1
19
Aennofield
Alert Ray
Ashcroft	
Burns Lake
100 Mile House
Cache Creek
14
5
95
Chapman Tamp
Chetwynd
Port Edward
Port McNeill
Fort St. James	
Pouce Coupe	
	
Qualicum Beach.	
Gibsons
	
Golden ._	
20
Sechelt
Hazeltrm
Houston
Tnvermere
9
9
10
4
205
lvrprcmsos
Taylor
Telkwa
Tnfinn
TMllelet
T.vttnn
McBrirtH
Warfield
Totals  	
1,647
23
Fire Districts (17)
Cariboo, County of..
Colwood	
loco  	
Kootenay, County of-
Langford-
Nanaimo, County of „
Ocean Falls  _
Prince George-
Prince Rupert, County of-
85
224
62
47
680
16
Sooke ■.	
University Area-
Vancouver, County of-
Vernon  	
Victoria, County of-
View Royal-
Westminster, County of-
Yale, County of	
Totals-
1,193
240
2,547
11
Inspections       Orders
Grand totals, 1968
Grand totals, 1967-
Grand totals, 1966-
Grand totals, 1965„
Grand totals, 1964-
Grand totals, 1963-
Grand totals, 1962.
Grand totals, 1961-
Grand totals, 1960-
Grand totals, 1959-
92,074
172
85,969
529
84,874
603
83,678
178
82,758
151
92,088
100
88,441
192
93,826
196
95,259
154
91,330
498
 I 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE III.—FIRES REPORTED
City Municipalities (31)
Districts Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
Districts Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
82
$515,538
119
106,348
63
23,154
80
90,864
43
29,539
22
31,770
198
119,562
42
701,494
20
36,247
10
1,735
34
82,000
1,687
2,693,914
35
29,108
230
595,752
22
46,946
3,081
$6,899,093
Armstrong-
Chilliwack-.
Courtenay—
Cranbrook-
Dawson Creek-
Duncan	
Enderby	
Fernie	
Grand Forks..
Greenwood.	
Kamloops	
Kelowna	
Kimberley.	
Langley	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
10
27
14
9
48
13
1
9
5
1
71
72
19
3
67
25
$26,978
145,963
307,458
3,188
562,017
364,140
127
51,753
8,369
29
52,454
64,015
123,148
1,047
75,021
9,415
New Westminster-
North Vancouver—
Penticton	
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam-
Port Moody-
Prince George-
Prince Rupert—
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Trail	
Vancouver	
Vernon	
Victoria	
White Rock-
Totals .
District Municipalities (39)
434
38
8
70
9
77
97
41
3
6
6
25
56
3
91
38
11
29
9
$408,217
31,501
19,121
116,616
1,240
41,774
278,775
20,980
233
50
3
5
1
2
18
155
206
12
3
4
2
13
14
329
31
41
128
$286,195
Oak Bay.
63,894
1,227
12,337
50
131
Delta	
304,977
520,571
206,034
Gold River	
1,430
21,730
7,109
71,707
232,753
23,655
143,921
76,355
251,009
61,611
2,451
18,905
4,985
Kent 	
Sparwood	
37,320
399
108,599
97,400
Surrey - 	
Tadanac       .	
Terrace	
313,371
Matsqui. ..         	
11,149
299,635
197,142
Totals	
2,301
$4,296,276
Town Municipalities (13)
Castlegar..
Comox.	
Creston-
Fort St. John-
Hope— 	
Kinnaird	
Ladysmith	
5
7
9
19
6
2
11
$2,128
10,157
162,600
124,044
2,863
6,172
10,139
Merritt	
Mission City_
Quesnel	
Sidney	
Smithers	
Williams Lake-
Totals -
173
14
$21,640
20
65,498
17
259,041
9
18,458
16
46,935
38
34,147
$763,822
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1968
TABLE III.—FIRES REPORTED—Continued
I  13
Village Municipalities (57)
Districts Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
Districts Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
3
$542
1
425
1
250
5
9,184
4
1,231
4
3,811
	
	
4
5,350
9
22,452
5
3,291
6
899
11
51,532
1
523
2
13,549
1
400
2
3,916
1
579
1
300
2
352
2
12,264
4
15,333
4
14,446
1
400
178
$1,455,474
Abbotsford	
Aennofield	
Alert Bay	
Ashcroft	
Burns Lake-
Cache Creek	
Chapman Camp_
Chetwynd	
Clinton..
Cumberland-
Fort St. James-
Fraser Lake	
Fruitvale	
Gibsons	
Golden-
Harrison Hot Springs-
Hazelton	
Houston	
Invermere	
Kaslo	
Keremeos-
Lake Cowichan.
Lillooet	
Lumby	
Lytton.
McBride	
Marysville..
Masset	
Midway-
18
2
2
8
5
1
3
8
6
$59,895
2,594
20,000
13,673
91,366
50
300
32,774
1,640
60,700
10,200
160,951
2,600
407,699
103,367
14,682
247,196
238
2,637
43,783
9,000
9,100
Montrose	
Nakusp	
New Denver-
Oliver-	
100 Mile House-
Osoyoos	
Parksville __
Pemberton	
Port Edward	
Port McNeill	
Pouce Coupe	
Princeton	
Qualicum Beach-
Salmo	
Salmon Arm..
Sechelt	
Silverton	
Slocan	
South Fort George-
Stewart 	
Taylor	
Telkwa	
Torino	
Ucluelet	
Valemount—
Vanderhoof-
Warfleld	
Zeballos	
Totals-
Fire Districts (17)
Cariboo, County of„
Colwood	
loco	
Kootenay, County of-
Langford	
Nanaimo, County of—
Ocean Falls	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert, County of _
Sooke	
358
17
4
109
20
209
117
5
$2,478,117
8,704
2,990
1,305,742
17,803
1,041,556
1,085,452
24,999
University Area-
Vancouver, County of..
Vernon  	
Victoria, County of._
View Royal-
Westminster, County of-
Yale, County of	
Totals-
Grand Totals	
37
67
30
15
40
249
1,277
7,010
$56,636
434,296
320,394
4,306
64,021
857,290
$7,702,306
$21,116,971
 I 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Construction of Buildings Burned
Fire resistive— Number Amount of Loss
City municipalities       38 $21,274
District  municipalities          30 9,287
Town municipalities 	
Village municipalities	
Fire districts 	
Brick, concrete, or heavy timber-
City municipalities .
District municipalities
Town municipalities -
Village municipalities
Fire districts	
Wood frame—
City municipalities
District municipalities 	
Town municipalities	
Village municipalities 	
Fire districts 	
Metal or corrugated iron—
City municipalities	
District municipalities .
Town municipalities _
Village municipalities .
Fire districts 	
12
42,172
275
60
5
7
6
1,179,052
199,370
24,062
1,817
84,367
2,008
1,620
127
129
841
5,195,123
3,764,219
712,984
1,408,623
6,111,180
760
591
41
41
419
503,644
323,400
26,776
44,984
1,464,637
Totals   7,010 $21,116,971
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
TABLE IV.—CAUSES OF FIRES
I 15
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount of
Loss
Total
Number
Total
Amount of
Loss
1
5
68
4
16
97
20
3
6
130
422
13
4
305
146
153
38
37
73
61
28
365
28
34
475
245
51
9
$130,000
2,075
92,668
2,890
30,682
Chimneys—
76
21
$193,520
45,069
238,589
127,746
843
8,978
469,711
584,466
21,600
15,555
194,676
726,809
Electrical appliances and equipment (improper use of appli-
Fireplaces—
21
132
$24,157
113,667
137,824
11,256
Fireworks	
Friction—
In brake drum	
8
3
8
1
17
$25,931
2,732
76,658
198
28,988
In pulley	
134,507
Furnaces or furnace-pipes—
Combustible materials too near  „ .
24
16
23
10
$51,834
146,912
109,105
17,663
325,514
Gas, liquefied petroleum—
11
2
48
$197,890
408
319,322
517,620
Gas, natural—
4
7
17
$2,245
6,076
37,818
Improper installation of appliance     	
Improper use of or defective equipment	
46,139
Gasoline—
Broken line   _
171
77
44
3
13
9
4
44
$194,081
105,247
39,550
457
53,311
35,459
2,822
357,573
Carelessness with	
Stoves, lamps, torches
Vapour explosion	
788,500
6,524
21,531
414,674
872,083
Inflammable vapours, ignition of	
62,214
Kerosene—
4
3
2
$27,363
534
1,766
29,663
 I 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CAUSES OF FIRES—Continued
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount of
Loss
Total
Number
Total
Amount of
Loss
19
277
3
16
200
63
670
1,572
62
5
1
1
4
23
27
4
240
2
83
901
$53,524
Matches—
30
247
$21,875
342,770
364,645
3,160
Mnlte.n metal
55,575
Oil-burners—-
3
103
48
43
3
$4,851
389,051
163,271
96,752
12,248
666,173
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment, etc.—
4
3
56
$1,382
6,050
1,304,095
1,311,527
1,644,341
Smokers' carelessness—
291
813
451
17
$265,419
547,429
1,020,686
49,037
1,882,571
54,575
Sparks from bonfire
23,327
3,000
Sparks from forge
706
Sparks from grinder                   	
20,820
192,813
232,305
24,490
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Combustible materials too near             .             '
Defective                                                               	
117
20
4
87
12
$57,357
50,309
18,956
228,070
19,282
373,974
820
225,823
7,967,465
Totals      	
7,010
$21,116,971
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968 I  17
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Airports and hangars
Amusement  parks   	
Apartments   	
1
370
Asphalt plants and  tanks.       3
Banks
Barber   shops   and   beauty
parlours          3
Barges and scows
Barns and stables
57
Aeroplane crash 	
Spontaneous ignition
Incendiary
Candles and open flames
Children playing with fire  _ _      1
Chimneys—
Defective         1
Sparks from
Electrical appliances
Exposure  	
Fireplaces—
Defective 	
Sparks from  	
Fireworks  	
Furnaces or furnace-pipes—
Combustible materials too near
Defective    -  	
Sparks from .
-  1
  4
_  1
  1
   1
  1
—  1
Improper use of or defective equipment   3
Gas, natural—
Explosion   2
Improper use of or defective equipment   1
Gasoline—
Carelessness   with 	
Used to kindle fire   __
Heat radiation    _ _ 	
Gas, liquefied petroleum-
Explosion
Hot grease, oil, tar, etc., ignition of
Incendiary     -	
Matches, Children with  	
Oil-burners—
Defective       	
Defective   equipment   	
Explosion
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,  sparks
from   _ _ _	
Short circuit   _ —	
Smokers' carelessness    	
Spontaneous ignition  	
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Combustible materials too near
Insufficiently protected  -	
Thawing pipes    	
Unknown     	
Hot tar, ignition of
Unknown  	
Electrical  appliances
Exposure  	
Incendiary  	
Short circuit  	
Smoker's carelessness
Sparks from bonfire -
Exposure 	
Short circuit	
Spontaneous  ignition
Exposure
Gasoline carelessness  	
Oxy-gas welding equipment, sparks from_
Unknown     	
Electrical   appliances
Fireworks 	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, explosion
$130,000
2,428
$6,058
150
850
1,200
11,662
1,317
3,409
6,194
225
60
844
600
175
20,522
1,871
25
25
1,957
272
32,782
17,385
16,456
1,299
1,449
321
5,124
25,080
233,514
25
1,767
1,377
6,320
88,287
$113
70,000
$214
217
$100
50
500
100
$415
524
10,585
$300
2,500
200
15,000
$11,550
895
6,400
$132,428
126,930
488,602
70,113
431
750
11,524
18,000
 I 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—-CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Barracks  	
Bath-houses  	
Boarding-houses	
Boat-building works
Boat-houses
Bowling  alleys
Breweries 	
Bridges  	
Buildings under construction
Bunkhouses
Canneries  (fish)  	
Cement   plants    	
Chemical plants 	
Churches and church properties    	
Clubhouses    (golf,    yacht,
etc.)     	
Clubs
13
14
Incendiary    	
Matches, children with
Oil-burner explosion 	
Smokers' carelessness __
Sparks from bonfire  —           5
Spontaneous  ignition
Steam-pipes insufficiently protected _
Stove, combustible materials too near .
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown    _ — 	
Smoker's carelessness 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Smokers' carelessness 	
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of
Unknown  	
Short circuit 	
Incendiary  	
Gasoline, broken line
Incendiary
Smoker's   carelessness
Unknown 	
Gas,   liquefied   petroleum,   improper   use   of   or
defective equipment   _	
Inflammable vapours, ignition of 	
Matches, children with 	
Unknown  .	
Defective wiring
Exposure
Gas, liquefied petroleum, defective equipment
Oil-burner   explosion  	
Smoker's carelessness - _   _ 	
Stove insufficiently protected   — 	
Unknown  	
Electrical  equipment
Hot  ashes 	
Oxy-gas welding   or  cutting   equipment,
from   	
sparks
Short circuit  	
Sulphur, ignition of
Unknown  	
Electrical  appliances
Exposure
Hot grease, ignition of   	
Incendiary     	
Short circuit   - 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Combustible materials too near
Insufficiently  protected   	
Unknown     -
Oil-burner explosion _
Smoker's carelessness
Unknown  	
Exposure  	
Oil-burner explosion _
Smokers' carelessness
$1,715
15,765
7,000
325
1,909
19,216
50
738
70,000
72,632
$3,143
15
34,990
$400
7,000
63,261
$1,142
800
100
46,642
$6,500
3,500
3,100
2,283
6,829
6,885
195,372
$800
3,277
$175
500
11,100
$11,925
500
175
125
250
247
55
179
23,763
$942
17,197
14
$31,590
630
30
$208,195
7,000
300
1,076
38,148
2,700
85
112
70,661
48,684
224,469
2,000
4,077
11,775
37,219
18,153
32,250
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 19
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
5
1
$7,797
1
30
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting equipment,  sparks
from
1
600
1
500
Sparks from mill burner	
1
100
$9,027
11,531
1
Short circuit   	
1
2
1
$78
Hot grease, ignition of     	
1
3,076
3,154
125,000
400
1
Unknown    -	
1
2
Furnace, sparks from   	
?
1
1
1
1
25
Dredges 	
244
2
Electrical appliances —	
1
$75
2,158
Exposure   	
1
2,233
Dwellings 	
.. 3,259
Candles and open flames 	
54
$26,990
2
890
14
30,117
Chimneys—
67
154,740
42,737
150,337
.
19
Defective wiring   	
38
Electrical appliances and equipment	
297
227,425
Electrical wiring overloaded  - 	
10
19,910
Exposure   - - -	
34
30,404
Fireplaces—
20
20,748
107,473
Sparks from	
128
Fireworks   	
22
4,290
Furnaces or furnace-pipes—
Combustible materials too near 	
11
38,884
Defective 	
11
37,008
Insufficiently protected ;, 	
16
30,155
5
Gas, liquefied petroleum—
Explosion 	
1
250
■
Improper use of or defective equipment	
18
58,814
Gas, natural—
2
374
4
1,178
32,320
15
;
Gasoline—
1
85
i
78
53,909
44,447
Stoves, lamps, torches        	
9
.
5
33,205
300
1
2
9,077
4,309
Heat radiation                             	
16
Hot ashes, coals, etc  	
25
7,201
Hot grease, oil, tar, etc., ignition of -	
360
259,845
i
Incendiary 	
65
251,188
Inflammable vapours, ignition of	
30
48,103
Kerosene—
Carelessness with 	
2
21,647
3
534
Used to kindle fire     -	
2
1,766
i
Lightning	
Matches—
18
33,524
Carelessness with   	
20
6,309
,
Children with    	
139
203,129
1
129
Oil-burners—
Broken  line       	
2
234
Defective	
62
150,027
Defective   equipment   	
30
38,709
Explosion    „ '	
30
61,517
Sparks from     ' 	
1
2,198
 I 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
8
3
2
3
1
2
1
1
5
9
1
1
2
3
1
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment—
Defective      	
       1
$355
2,368
378,734
122,836
414,020
16,657
36,211
15,663
768
160
6,468
42,110
27,894
18,956
173,349
15,673
97,322
1,581,030
Sparks from 	
      2
Short circuit    	
Smokers' carelessness—
  215
  123
In the home 	
 - 677
    28
      10
     24
       3
Sparks from mill burner 	
       1
Spontaneous   ignition   _	
 —     6
Stoves or stove-pipes—
      96
     17
Explosion     	
      4
Insufficiently   protected     	
    66
Sparks from	
—     10
Thawing  pipes  	
Unknown  _	
—   59
  277
      4
$5,212,597
Electric-light plants 	
$20,794
8,998
         4
Exposure  -     1
Short circuit          1
29,792
Electric-light and telephone
poles  	
$3,465
3,000
600
Unknown   '       1
Electrical   equipment         1
Hot oil, ignition of -       1
7,065
Electrical  manufacturing
plants	
$300
100
Friction in conveyer belt       1
400
Elevators	
$1,198
1,540
7,332
Unknown           1
10,070
3,432
Elevators (grain)  	
$3,343
2,953
Factories    (bed   and   mattress)    -	
6,296
1,132
Factories (clay products) —
$150
615
30,703
2,180
Factories (electro-plating) —
10,367
Factories (food products) —
Incendiary „ -        1
Unknown  —       2
33,648
Factories (furniture)  	
$264
425
20
4,596
1,694
1,127
23.S40
71,444
Oxy-gas   welding   or   cutting   equipment,
sparks
103,410
3,102
Factories   (glass)   	
5,000
884
Factories  (industrial equip-
Oxy-gas   welding   or   cutting   equipment,
sparks
75
1,882
Unknown        1
5,884
1,134
Factories (pipe-wrapping) —
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 21
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Factories (pre-cast concrete)
Factories (rock-wool insulation)   1
Factories  (sash  and door) 1
Factories (upholstery)  3
Factories  (veneer and plywood)  .
Factories  (wood-box)  	
Fences 	
Fish-curing plants
Fishing-boats 	
Flour, feed, and rice mills
Foundries 	
Fruit-packing plants	
Gaols and industrial institutions  	
Garages (private) 	
121
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,   sparks
from    	
Short circuit  	
Electrical equipment _ 	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment	
Exposure 	
Incendiary	
Unknown 	
Electrical equipment.
Incendiary .
Inflammable vapours, ignition of
Unknown 	
Unknown 	
Exposure 	
Fireworks	
Furnace, combustible materials too near
Incendiary 	
Matches—
Carelessness with	
Children with  	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bonfire  	
Unknown   —
Stove, sparks from _
Electrical appliances .
Engine backfiring	
Exposure	
Fireworks	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment   	
Gasoline—
Broken line  — _
Carelessness with .
On exhaust-pipe _
Stove 	
Vapour explosion	
Hot grease, ignition of .
Oil-burners—
Defective	
Defective equipment .
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Stove, combustible materials too near
Unknown   _ 	
Electrical appliances
Incendiary 	
Oxy-gas   welding   or  cutting   equipment,   sparks
from  .
Sparks from grinder 	
Matches, children with
Unknown 	
Incendiary .
Unknown .
Chimney, defective 	
Defective wiring 	
Electrical appliances _	
Electrical wiring overloaded
Exposure 	
Fireworks  	
$101
54,588
$11,160
550
19,100
$300
8,583
4,500
100
$750
50
75
25
99
50
90
135
458
$1,200
23,770
100
35
18,000
2,500
11,600
500
2,600
38,292
6,300
57,000
17,125
22,414
5,136
2,000
123,556
$125,778
2,700
$93
9,917
$14,510
209
$255
25,800
$2,100
8,075
1,312
200
1,236
1,075
$54,689
100
13,011
30,810
13,483
47,000
1,732
1,474
332,128
128,478
10,010
14,719
26,055
 I 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Garages (public)
22
Gasoline stations (service)-     21
Grandstands
Greenhouses
Halls .
15
Furnaces or furnace-pipes—
Combustible materials too near .
Sparks from	
Gasoline—
Carelessness with	
Used in cleaning .	
Hot ashes, coals, etc.	
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of .
Kerosene carelessness	
Matches, children with
Oil-burner, defective equipment 	
Oxy-gas  welding or  cutting  equipment,  sparks
from 	
Short circuit _ 	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bonfire	
Spontaneous ignition	
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Combustible materials too near .
Defective  	
Insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Chimney, defective	
Electro-welding equipment, sparks from	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment  	
Gasoline—
Carelessness  	
Used in cleaning  —
Vapour explosion	
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of	
Oxy-gas   welding   or   cutting   equipment,
from	
sparks
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances
Exposure   	
Gasoline—•
Broken line _ —
Carelessness with .	
Pump damaged by motor-vehicle
Vapour explosion	
Incendiary
Oil-burner, defective	
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment-
Improper use of 	
Sparks  from	
Short circuit	
Smoker's carelessness
Sparks from grinder _
Unknown 	
Incendiary 	
Oil-burner, defective
Short circuit 	
Spontaneous ignition
Incendiary
Matches, children with	
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,  sparks
from	
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness .
Sparks from bonfire —
Unknown 	
$1,031
651
6,445
833
958
23,268
745
5,216
10,922
900
54,088
3,351
2,282
4,417
700
3,000
1,800
14,034
36,081
$50
8,354
15
3,795
1,421
235
23,433
200
11,659
4,800
13,560
74,059
$5,849
100
19,688
2,010
457
81,020
70,010
500
400
26,505
24,752
4,439
411
200
$2,372
5,100
500
$35,063
504
3,804
8,600
684,412
60
189,160
$184,720
141,581
236,341
1,500
7,972
921,603
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 23
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Haystacks and balers	
Hospitals,  institutions,  and
nursing-homes  	
Hotels -
Houseboats  	
Knitting-mills 	
Laboratories (research)	
Launches  and  other  small
craft 	
Laundries
Libraries  —	
Logging camps -
Machine shops
Meat-packing plants
Medical clinics	
5S
97
39
10
Incendiary .
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of	
Match carelessness	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove, combustible materials too near
Thawing pipes	
Candle carelessness	
Electrical appliances	
Furnace insufficiently protected .	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment	
Hot grease, ignition of	
Incendiary	
Oil-burners—
Defective   	
Defective equipment	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove, combustible materials too near
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Electrical equipment	
Electrical appliances	
Furnace, defective	
Collision	
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances _
Engine backfiring	
Fireworks	
Gasoline—
Broken line  	
Vapour explosion 	
Incendiary	
Oil-burner, defective -
Short circuit 	
Smoker's carelessness
Unknown	
Electrical wiring overloaded
Exposure   	
Heat radiation	
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,
from	
Short circuit 	
Sparks from bonfire .
Unknown 	
Gasoline carelessness
Electrical appliances .
Exposure
Inflammable vapours, ignition of
Electrical appliances 	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment	
Incendiary	
Unknown	
Matches, children with	
Oil-burner, defective equipment 	
Smoker's carelessness	
Sparks from bush fire	
Unknown	
sparks
$25
212
125
10
40
2,268
5,251
25
20
$280
491
39,000
200
1,098
5,257
65
1,129
678
77,228
1,535
328,070
$622
61,000
$136
1,000
6,643
16,895
331
6,993
32,308
6,275
30,000
11,585
3,000
34,828
$539
4,432
25
3,066
$81,888
417
22,409
20,113
$97
522
220
70,000
7,431
100
85,645
$500
13,460
50
$5,000
7,976
455,031
32,000
853
61,622
149,994
8,062
113
124,827
164,015
274
14,010
 I 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Mines and mining properties
Motor courts .
61
Motor-vehicles (* 1,703)—
Automobiles (passenger)
1,321
Buses
Campers
10
Friction in machinery
Oil-burner, defective
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,   sparks
from	
Short circuit .	
Unknown   	
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances
Exposure
Furnace, combustible materials too near	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment  	
Heat radiation	
Hot grease, ignition of	
Inflammable vapours, ignition of
Matches, children with	
Oil-burners—
Defective	
Defective equipment
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness _
Sparks from bush fire
Thawing pipes	
Unknown	
Collision  	
Defective battery connection	
Defective muffler 	
Defective  wiring
Electrical appliances 	
Electro-welding equipment,  sparks from
Engine backfiring	
Exposure	
Fireworks	
Friction—
In brake drum  	
In tires	
Gasoline—■
Broken line	
Carelessness with   	
On exhaust pipe	
Vapour explosion	
Heat radiation	
Hot grease, oil, tar, etc., ignition of
Incendiary 	
Matches—
Carelessness with 	
Children with 	
Motor-vehicle upset 	
Open flame
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,
from	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from bonfire _
Thawing pipes	
Unknown 	
Friction in tires	
Gasoline, broken line
Short circuit	
Unknown	
Gas, liquefied petroleum-
Explosion
sparks
Improper installation of appliance _	
Improper use of or defective equipment —      3
$45,451
1,449
63,345
671
863
$68,961
704
3,972
286
3
1,420
1
11
5
880
2
1,365
1
3,939
1
2,075
1
122
3
3,048
30
14,123
1
150
2
7,007
4
838
11
$17,050
2
793
1
178
55
12,826
25
14,089
1
300
250
107,111
33
30,221
3
1,607
6
1,107
6
9,030
129
51,198
8
1,120
32
11,572
14
4,778
2
903
14
8,006
37
26,297
2
325
5
623
9
13,100
2
450
5
6,905
269
91,429
228
37,064
2
2,775
1
45
169
88,081
$538,983
1
$1,776
1
75
2
516
1
8,500
$10,867
3
$9,529
1
308
3
4,780
$111,779
108,901
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 25
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Motor-vehicles—Continued
17
85
10
255
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe 	
Incendiary               	
Unknown             	
Defective battery connection  .„	
Engine  backfiring    _   _	
Exposure                                            	
Gasoline—
Broken line	
Carelessness with            	
On exhaust-pipe                             	
1
1
1
1
4
1
4
3
1
1
$225
75
275
$15,192
Motor-cycles   .
$50
1,845
100
635
140
400
450
1
20
Unknown     	
Defective wiring    	
1
4
1
250
Tractors (bulldozers,
graders, mowers, etc.)
$3,890
$1,631
199
Electro-welding equipment, sparks from
1
1,901
9
18,312
Exposure                                       	
Friction in tires                        	
Gasoline—
Broken line
1
2
6
6
600
1,470
17,671
1,126
602
3,465
On exhaust-pipe                               	
2
2
Tncendiary
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment—
Improper use of
Sparks from
1
1
3
4,000
150
7,208
41,688
19,291
167,664
Short  circuit
Sparks from honfire
19
2
Unknown ....
Collision	
F.ngine  backfiring
Friction in tires        „            	
Gasoline carelessness
25
$286,978
Trailers and semi-trailers
$31,000
250
5,589
1,140
Motor-vehicle upset                                 1
Short circuit      -    „     1
1,500
6,500
2,436
150
Smoker's carelessness   _
Unknown                	
Collision   	
7
—     5
$48,715
Trucks    	
$79,560
8,800
Defective wiring                 	
18
-.     3
5,935
469
Engine backfiring       	
Exposure     _	
Friction—
33
12
-..     2
13,493
41,508
24,824
3
5,711
Gas, liquefied petroleum-
Explosion                                      	
Improper use of or defective equipment
Gasoline—
Broken line
1
2
24
3
500
2,284
45,124
2,678
On exhaust-pipe	
Vapour explosion    	
7
1
26,251
128
 I 26
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Motor-vehicles—Continued
Mushroom-houses .
Offices 	
Paper and pulp mills
Peat plants .
Piggeries 	
Poolrooms	
Post offices	
Poultry houses .
Power-houses
Printing plants	
Pumps and pump-houses
Radio stations.
Railroad rolling-stock
Causes
Heat radiation
Hot ashes 	
Hot grease, ignition of	
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of
Matches—
Carelessness with 	
Children with 	
Motor-vehicle upset 	
Open flame .
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment-
Defective  	
Improper use of .
Sparks from _	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness .
Sparks from bonfire _.
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown 	
Oil-burner, defective equipment
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure
Friction in machinery .
Heat radiation 	
Hot grease, ignition of .
Incendiary .
Matches, children with .
Oil-burner, defective	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness _
Unknown 	
Spontaneous ignition	
Steam-pipes insufficiently protected
Short circuit	
Electrical appliances
Unknown	
Oil-burner,  defective
Incendiary	
Incendiary	
Short circuit 	
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown 	
Defective wiring	
Hot oil, ignition of .
Short circuit	
Unknown 	
Incendiary  	
Incendiary	
Matches, children with .
Thawing pipes	
Unknown	
Matches, children with
Exposure .
Gas, liquefied petroleum, explosion
Incendiary
Smoker's carelessness
Sparks from engine
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown „ 	
Amount of Loss
$245
315
1,000
2,070
750
378
500
40,525
25
500
5,500
1,278
69,898
3,999
603
70
60,261
$445,182
$165
1,661
1,780
58
25
150
1,001
177
4,000
2,927
168
196,119
•$1,349,807
16,000
$1,037
200
$715
635
$800
471
13,750
9,470
$162,709
5,093
5,559
8,565
$6,786
435
950
3,905
208,231
1,237
1,150
1,350
4,641
10
24,491
181,926
1,020
12,076
25
$600
170,000
22,375
5,150
3,000
600
550
202,275
L
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 27
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Railroad roundhouses        1
Railroad stations and properties  _         2
Refineries (gasoline, natural
gas, or oil)          3
Refineries (sugar)
Restaurants 	
Rinks (curling)
Rinks  (ice-skating)
Rooming-houses 	
39
Schools
      60
Thawing pipes
Unknown 	
Gasoline vapour explosion
Hot oil, ignition of 	
Oil-burner, broken line	
Furnace insufficiently protected
Gasoline stove 	
Hot ashes	
Hot grease, ignition of
Incendiary
Oil-burner,  defective equipment
Short circuit 	
Smokers'   carelessness   	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown 	
Short circuit 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown  	
Chimney, defective
Electrical appliances
Exposure
Furnace insufficiently protected   	
Gas, natural, improper installation of appliance
Gasoline  carelessness	
Hot grease, ignition of  .	
Incendiary
Short circuit 	
Smokers'   carelessness
Unknown  	
Boilers or boiler-pipes defective or overheated-
Electrical equipment 	
Exposure     	
Friction in conveyer belt
Gasoline carelessness 	
Lightning    	
Open   flame   	
Short circuit 	
Smoker's   carelessness   	
Sparks from grinder 	
Sparks from mill burner
Spontaneous  ignition 	
Unknown 	
Candle   carelessness
Chemical   explosion
Chimney,  defective ..
Electrical appliances
Fireworks 	
Hot grease, ignition of
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of
Matches—
Carelessness  with  	
Children with  -	
Oxy-gas  welding   or   cutting   equipment,   sparks
from 	
Candle carelessness 	
Electrical appliances     —
Exposure
Electrical equipment   	
Gas, natural, improper installation of appliance
Oxy-gas  welding   or   cutting  equipment,   sparks
from   	
$150,000
1,000
4,617
1
1
$2,147
2
467
1
518
1
31,000
1
5,989
1
10,532
19
78,048
3
83,493
1
400
1
8,658
4
8,296
3
1,743
8
97,594
1
$200
1
1,610
3
505,286
1
$1,500
1
1,500
2
$3,585
2
11,186
1
320
1
5,000
1
3,348
2
5,104
3
1,273
1
50
1
200
21
16,044
4
12,238
4
$1,825
1
454
1
15,601
1
1,234
1
81
1
20,000
1
55,000
11
867,264
7
249,640
1
25
1
125
16
146,742
1
155,162
17
904,069
$1,055
2,000
28,253
6,715
500
85
2,986
535
185
409
$300
14,005
155,617
6,389
328,885
507,096
3,000
58,348
2,417,222
 I 28
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Sheds
Sheet-metal works .
Shingle-mills	
Ships
Shipyards .
Ski-lifts —
Smelting plants
147
25
Oxy-gas  welding or  cutting  equipment,  sparks
from	
Short circuit —
Smokers'   carelessness   	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Unknown 	
Chimney,  defective  	
Electrical appliances 	
Electrical wiring overloaded	
Electro-welding equipment, sparks from
Exposure 	
Fireworks	
Friction in pulley	
Gas,  liquefied  petroleum,
defective   equipment   _
Gasoline—
Carelessness  with	
Used to kindle fire	
Vapour  explosion 	
Heat radiation	
Hot  ashes	
improper  use  of  or
Hot grease, oil, tar, etc., ignition of
Incendiary  	
Kerosene  carelessness    _
Matches—
Carelessness  with  	
Children with	
Oil-burners—
Defective     	
Explosion    	
Short circuit 	
Smokers'   carelessness   _ _ _
Sparks from  bonfire - 	
Sparks from forge 	
Sparks from mill burner 	
Spontaneous  ignition   _ _
Steam-pipes  insufficiently  protected
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Insufficiently  protected	
Sparks from  — 	
Unknown	
Unknown 	
Boiler, defective
Exposure	
Hot ashes 	
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment, defective
Smoker's carelessness  	
Sparks from mill burner
Unknown 	
Oil-burner, defective — 	
Oxy-gas  welding  or  cutting  equipment,   sparks
from   	
Smoker's carelessness	
Sulphur, ignition of	
Unknown 	
Unknown 	
Oxy-gas   welding  or  cutting   equipment,   sparks
from	
Electrical equipment
Friction—
In conveyer belt	
In machinery	
Furnace insufficiently protected  	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper installation of
appliance     	
$26,608
837
718
1,220
672,193
$750
3,612
1,393
5,000
1,835
193
198
500
3,100
130
380
356
800
4,706
8,852
500
743
20,841
7,245
1,000
6,091
4,442
3,025
706
6,936
1,642
400
4,266
2,135
75,130
$250
350
775
80
100
38,875
46,791
$1,200
2,000
1,000
320
20
$15
300
525
350
100
$744,299
166,907
31,224
87,221
4,540
150
138,578
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1968
I 29
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Smoke-houses
Steam baths	
Steel-fabricating plants
Stone works
Stores 	
138
Stores and apartments
34
Gas, natural, improper installation of appliance
Heat radiation	
Inflammable vapours, ignition of	
Molten metal	
Oil-burners—■
Explosion  	
Sparks from
Oxy-gas welding  or  cutting equipment,  sparks
from	
Short circuit 	
Spontaneous ignition	
Thawing pipes  	
Unknown .  	
Hot grease, ignition of .
Sparks from bonfire	
Unknown .	
Chimney, defective
Molten metal	
Oxy-gas welding  or  cutting equipment,  sparks
from	
Unknown
Furnace insufficiently protected .
Sparks from bonfire	
Chimney, defective _
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances
Exposure	
Fireworks	
Furnaces or furnace-pipes—
Combustible materials too near —	
Defective  	
Gas,  liquefied petroleum,  improper  use  of  or
defective equipment
Gasoline carelessness .
Heat radiation	
Hot grease, ignition of
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of .
Matches, children with 	
Oil-burners—
Defective
Defective equipment
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Combustible materials too near
Defective   	
Unknown 	
Children playing with fire
Exposure
Gas,  liquefied  petroleum,  improper use  of  or
defective equipment	
Gas, natural, improper use of or defective equipment  	
Gasoline—
Carelessness with .	
Vapour explosion	
Hot grease, ignition of	
Incendiary	
Matches, children with	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Stove, combustible materials too near .„ 	
Unknown   	
$50
125
100
200
400
50
200
1,275
500
200
9,918
$60
50
250
$2,831
147
9,815
$3,000
25
$192
9,504
77,809
368,486
2,055
125
100
126,962
1,286
58
342
40,940
275
5,735
28,323
1,941
40,760
30,561
5,020
170
13,090
461,130
$415
873
368
5,473
6,236
9,285
125
75
18,870
18,451
150
5,164
$14,308
360
3,000
12,793
3,025
1,214,864
65,485
 I 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Stores and dwellings .
Stores and offices
Stores and rooms .
Swimming-pools _..
Tar pots 	
Tents 	
Theatres
Trailers (mobile homes).
Trailers (travel).
12
98
Candle carelessness	
Electrical appliances 	
Furnace, defective	
Matches, children with
Short circuit 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown 	
Incendiary 	
Smokers' carelessness .
Stove, combustible materials too near .
Exposure .
Short circuit .
Hot tar, ignition of
Unknown 	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment     1
Gasoline lamp     2
Sparks from bonfire  _ 2
Electrical appliances	
Incendiary 	
Matches, children with
Short circuit	
Spontaneous ignition
Defective wiring
Electrical appliances
Exposure
Friction in tires  i —
Furnace, combustible materials too near
Gas, liquefied petroleum—■
Explosion
Improper use of or defective equipment _  5
 "   1
  5
  1
  1
  4
Gasoline used to kindle fire
Hot grease, oil, tar, etc., ignition of
Incendiary
Inflammable vapours, ignition of .
Matches, children with	
Oil-burners—
Defective
Defective equipment
Explosion 	
Sparks from	
Short circuit
Smokers' carelessness	
Stoves or stove-pipes—
Combustible materials too near
Defective
12
Insufficiently protected .
Thawing pipes  	
Unknown 	
Exposure 	
Friction in tires	
Furnace, combustible materials too near 	
Gas, liquefied petroleum, improper use of or defective equipment	
Gasoline carelessness	
Incendiary  	
Smoker's carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Unknown 	
$663
47,695
2,593
400
9,877
4,000
83,515
$164
20
25
$185
244
50
$1,000
125
$1,000
38
$809
275
530
$4,305
10
50
135
32,797
$1,100
141
2,400
5,095
11,086
11,036
62,263
435
5,237
100
2,000
12,643
84,259
3,025
20,640
10,000
27,990
13,118
5,757
7,525
2,077
27,416
65,725
$150
267
287
700
1,400
10
756
125
2,600
$148,743
209
479
1,125
1,038
1,614
37,297
381,068
6,295
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL,  1968
I 31
TABLE V.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
11
8
1
$15
40
310
230
-     2
Smokers' carelessness  .
Unknown	
4
          4
..   .        1
$595
$13,000
50,000
1,000
100
45,209
9,750
50
__      39
1
3
7
Gasoline—■
1
Carelessness with   	
Hot grease, ignition of
„       1
1
-     2
       1
Unknown            	
Electrical appliances   	
Exposure
Furnace, defective 	
       1
        2
          5
         1
       2
119,109
Warehouses „
$2,786
146,940
45,367
53,933
15,089
10,000
150
2,019
447
3,500
440,000
57,826
423
1,002,321
5
Oil-burners—
Defective .  -
Defective equipment    	
Explosion
Oxy-gas welding or cutting equipment—
Defective ~         -	
       1
„.       1
 -      1
         1
3
Short circuit
Smokers' carelessness     	
Thawing pipes
Unknown
Defective wiring 	
Exposure
Friction in tires           	
Smoker's carelessness _  	
Defective wiring 	
Friction in machinery .           	
       1
3
        2
         11
—       1
         1
       1
         1
—       1
     _      1
1
1,780,801
142
$300
50
10
Wharves	
360
$40,801
24,084
200
25
2,230
5,706
14
— 7,010
Incendiary
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown
Gasoline-vapour explosion  	
Matches—
._      1
.  _     2
..      1
 _      1
1
73,046
Workshops	
$70
13,796
1,400
433
1,085
898
2,000
25
8,500
2,000
3,543
1
1
Oxy-gas  welding or  cutting  equipment,
from                    	
sparks
1
1
1
1
2
Thawing pipes	
Unknown
    _      1
. .   _     3
7.010
33,750
Totals
$21,116,971
 I 32
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE VI.—SUMMARY
Fires Reported
City
Municipalities (31)
District
Municipalities (39)
Town
Municipalities (13)
Village
Municipalities (57)
Fire
Districts
(17)
Totals
1968
lanuary	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July.	
August	
September-
October	
November-
December.-
Totals.
242
231
224
278
276
250
258
232
223
276
242
349
175
180
181
193
176
211
209
145
166
196
181
288
24
8
18
18
15
8
13
9
14
11
14
21
3,081
2,301
173
19
14
15
7
25
7
9
22
12
13
19
16
131
91
100
107
98
99
98
110
78
96
116
153
178
1,277
591
524
538
603
590
575
587
518
493
592
572
827
7,010
Amount of Loss
1968
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September-
October	
November...
December—
Totals..
$685,993
324,658
323,661
1,273,594
770,942
283,105
234,527
397,449
431,223
822,253
482,875
868,813
$6,899,093
$969,018
469,735
345,222
358,488
210,861
359,849
304,409
135,930
225,975
352,493
263,270
301,026
$4,296,276
$16,556
7,163
12,881
71,260
283,228
7,626
19,097
3,293
12,280
64,825
199,849
65,764
$763,822
$38,219
17,826
252,889
64,623
276,049
14,925
20,736
41,070
69,432
95,688
175,302
388,715
$1,455,474
$747,513
326,845
541,679
520,542
1,208,403
364,819
518,387
882,981
394,373
298,782
1,021,092
876,890
$7,702,306
$2,457,299
1,146,227
1,476,332
2,288,507
2,749,483
1,030,324
1,097,156
1,460,723
1,133,283
1,634,041
2,142,388
2,501,208
$21,116,971
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1968
I 33
TABLE VII.—TEN-YEAR COMPARATIVE STATEMENT
OF FIRE LOSSES
Year
City Municipalities
District Municipalities
Town Municipalities
Fires
Losses
Fires
Losses
Fires
Losses
1968              	
1967
1966
1965.
1964
19fi3
3,081
3,264
3,350
3,351
3,366
3,233
3,570
3,788
3,823
4,097
$6,899,093
7,327,896
10,340,128
4,756,985
4,204,463
4,343,193
3,966,380
5,775,054
8,177,601
5,361,352
2,301
2,129
2,026
2,080
2,166
2,113
2,270
2,386
2,324
2,487
$4,296,276
5,307,350
3,173,114
2,855,954
3,325,408
3,214,837
2,275,737
2,312,942
3,319,569
3,026,143
173
154
144
109
71
61
79
74
51
45
$763,822
558,875
554,895
342,522
242,674
339,654
1962               .      	
61,020
1961
91,151
1960   -     .
124,547
1959
187,388
Totals
34.923
$61,152,145
22,282
$33,107,330
961
$3,266,548
1
Year
Village Municipalities
Fire Districts
Totals
Fires
Losses
Fires
Losses
Fires
Losses
1968	
1967
178
161
187
184
245
246
261
292
301
350
$1,455,474
1,619,445
912,541
878,033
830,912
634,304
720,592
816,261
382,782
1,045,840
1,277
1,226
1,196
1,253
1,270
1,262
1,432
1,309
1,323
1,289
$7,702,306
6,676,487
8,164,901
5,304,290
6,382,406
5,260,743
7,323,141
4,499,526
6,285,884
5,238,829
7,010
6,934
6,903
6,977
7,118
6,915
7,612
7,849
7,822
8,268
$21,116,971
21,490,053
1966
23,145,579
1965
14,137,784
1964              .
14,985,863
13,792,731
14,346,870
13,494,934
18,290,383
14,859,552
1963-             	
1962                        .               	
1961
1960                  	
1959
Totals
2,405
$9,296,184
12,837
$62,838,513
73,408
$169,660,720
 I 34
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE VIII.—LOSS OF LIFE, 1959-1968
Occupancy
Number
of
Fires
Causes of Fires
Loss of Life
Men      Women Children    Total
Apartments.
Barns .
Barracks	
Bunkhouses.-
Dwellings	
Fishing-boats-
Hospitals.
Hotels	
Motor courts ..
Outdoors	
Rooming-houses-
SchoolS-
Tents-
Trailers (mobile homes) .
Workshops	
Totals, 1968	
Totals, 1967	
Totals, 1966	
Totals, 1965	
Totals, 1964	
Totals, 1963	
Totals, 1962	
Totals, 1961	
Totals, 1960	
Totals, 1959	
Ten-year totals-
11
1
1
1
47
1
2
1
1
~8~T
78
58
71
51
54
69
60
56
63
Matches, Children with (1).
Smokers' carelessness (8) —
In bed (2).
In the home (1)—	
While intoxicated (5).
Unknown (2).
Matches, children with (1).
Smoker's carelessness (1)_
Smoking in bed (1)	
Chimney, defective (2).
Defective wiring (2)	
Gasoline used to kindle fire (1)	
Incendiary (1) 	
Inflammable vapours, ignition of (1)
Matches, children with (3)	
Oil-burner, defective (1)  	
Smokers' carelessness (25) —
In bed (12)  _
In the home (7)_
While intoxicated (6) -
Stoves or stove-pipes (5)—
Combustible materials too near (2).
Insufficiently protected (1)	
Sparks from (2) 	
Unknown (6).
Gasoline (2)—•
Carelessness with (1).
Stove (1).
Smoker's carelessness (1)—   —
Stove, combustible materials too near (1)
Smoking in bed (2)
Smoking in bed (1)
Stove, combustible materials too near (1)
Unknown (1)
Smoking while intoxicated (1).
Gasoline carelessness (1)	
Matches, children with (1)	
Electrical appliances (1).
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected (1)
Smoker's carelessness (1)	
Smoking in bed (1)	
Gasoline lamp (2)  	
Furnace, combustible materials too
near (1) .
Thawing pipes (1).
49
46
39
46
28
35
47
33
38
47
27
25
13
17
9
15
13
19
14
9
408
161
24
35
18
28
24
23
38
27
19
30
266
2
1
5
5
1
1
1
4
3
1
1
2
5
1
13
9
100
106
70
91
61
73
98
79
71
86
835
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL, 1968
TABLE IX.—TWENTY-YEAR FIRE LOSS
I 35
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
A
3
2
1
^
\
1
\
1
\
•■n
1
1
1
|
j
J
j
i
l
\
i
i
I
\
l
\
,--'
1
•,
i
\
1
I
:
\
/
1
\
j
»    I
I
/
1
i
\
t
i
/
\
i
f /
V
>
\
/
*
i
\
i
\
i
y
/
i
•.
/
t
\
/
/
/
f..
-,r-
\
X
s
•■
\
\
N
*   •
^,
*•«.
y
,.'"
/
1949    50     51     52     53     54    55     56    57    58    59     60     61     62     63     64     65     66     67    68
■ ANNUAL DOLLAR LOSS (MILLIONS)
• FIRE FATALITIES (TENS)
 AVERAGE DOLLAR LOSS PER FIRE  (HUNDREDS)
 NUMBER OF FIRES (THOUSANDS)
 Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1970
930-1269-18

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