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BC Sessional Papers

Annual Report of the Ministry of Universities, Science and Communications for the year ended March 31,… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1981

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  July 24, 1981
The Honourable Henry P. Bell-Irving, D.S.O.,O.B.E., E.D.
Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia
May It Please Your Honour:
Herewith, I respectfully submit the first Annual Report of the
Ministry of Universities, Science and Communications for the
year ended March 31, 1981.
Yours truly
g^f  jf?K'JL
Patrick L. McGeer
 July 24, 1981
The Honourable Patrick L. McGeer
Minister of Universities, Science and Communications
Parliament Buildings
Victoria, BC
I have the honour to submit the first Annual Report of the
Ministry of Universities, Science and Communications for the
yearended March 31,1981.
Yours truly
Robert W. Stewart
Deputy Minister
 Bntrsr^LcmTrTbia^Winistry oi Universities,
Science and Communications.
Annual report.— 1980/81 —
Continues in part: British Columbia.
Ministry of Education, Science and
Technology. Annual report.
ISSN 0711 -9151; and, British Columbia.
Ministry of Transportation,
Communications and Highways. Report.
ISSN 0708-7691
ISSN 0711 -9429 = Annual report -
Ministry of Universities, Science and
1. British Columbia. Ministry of
Universities, Science and
Communications. 2. Education, Higher -
British Columbia - Periodicals. 3.
Science and state - British Columbia -
Periodicals. 4. Telecommunication
policy - British Columbia - Periodicals.
 Table of Contents
Executive of the Ministry.... 8
Finance and Administration Branch .... 8
Special Studies.... 8
Research Projects.... 9
Role and Functions .... 11
Projects 12
The Future.... 13
Programs.... 21
Role and Functions.... 23
Projects and Achievements.... 23
The Future.... 24
Role and Functions .... 26
Research and Development Policy.... 26
Awards.... 27
Council Research Projects.... 28
GRANTS.... 30
Role and Functions .... 32
Projects and Achievements.... 32
Role and Functions.... 36
Projects and Achievements .... 36
The Future.... 37
Role and Functions .... 39
Projects.... 39
The Future 41
Role and Functions .... 42
Projects and Achievements .... 42
Communications Grants.... 44
The Future.... 46
Projects and Achievements .... 47
 Minister's Message
Combining the functions of universities,
science and communications in a single
portfolio is unique. While on the surface
these activities may appear unrelated, they are
actually connected by the common thread of high
High technology has been declared a priority
by our provincial government, and perhaps the
most important mandate of this ministry is to bring
British Columbia into this modern era with its industrial spin-offs. We are determined to establish
and build our economy upon a broader base
which includes high technology industry, rather
than continuing to rely solely upon the solid but
generally more slowly expanding resource-based
"High technology" industry
offers two advantages: growth
and higher wages. The average
growth of high technology industries since World War II has
been nine times greater than that
of resource or low technology industries. Higher wages, which
follow, become possible as these
industries increase in size and
profit. This, in turn, leads to
higher taxes, which provide benefits for all British Columbians.
Universities, for the first time,
have been placed in a position
to undertake long-term planning
of their academic and capital needs. The Educational Institutions Capital Financing Authority,
formed in 1978, is only now beginning to provide
a sufficient flow of funds to permit our institutions
to catch up with prior expansions of academic
A five-year capital plan, approved by the University Council of British Columbia, forms the
framework of this program. At the same time, a
new and expanded academic initiative in arts, engineering and life sciences will increase opportunities for our young people and provide better
leadership for our province in the future.
Science has experienced the immediate effects
of the government's science policy for the first time
during the past year. The Science Council held its
initial major competition among British Columbia
scientists for funding of projects of potential long-
term value to the province — projects which totalled about $5 million.
The Discovery Foundation has established research parks adjacent to the three universities and
the British Columbia Institute of Technology. Already, an award-winning multi-tenanted industrial
research building is in the advanced s|jCr
construction at BCIT and, at Simon Fraser Unive
sity, Microtel Pacific, a newly formed BritisWJ
umbia technology firm, will be the first tenanftp
A Discovery Parks location at the Univeflty
Victoria has been operating for some time in tei
porary facilities, and plans for a site at the uJ
versity of British Columbia have not reached cor
pletion. It is anticipated that, in the future, the
high technology industries will flourish in BC.
In addition to the general professional octr
ties sponsored by the Science Council, and f
general entrepreneurial activities sponsored by t
Discovery Foundation, the ministry itself has be<
instrumental in promoting particular scientific pr
jects of high benefit to the pr
For instance, the Terry F
Medical Research Foundatii
was established to fund medic
research in British Columbia ai
other parts of the world. The F
Foundation is funding the new
terferon purification plant, op*
ated by Pacific Isotopes ai
Pharmaceuticals Limited,
wholly owned subsidiary of t
British Columbia Developme
Corporation. While it is now ft
early to determine the possit
medical benefits of this expe
mental drug, we will be und>
taking clinical trials in Canada parallel to others
the United Kingdom, the United States and Japar
Another project we will be undertaking is t
research and promotion of methane as an aid
nate vehicle fuel. Our province, like many ott
jurisdictions around the world, has a huge surp
of natural gas but a shortage of oil. This mat
British Columbia vulnerable, as are other parts
Canada, if world instability makes it impossible'
import sufficient supplies of oil for our transpor
tion purposes.
Communications brings the message of hit
technology to all British Columbians. Not o'
does our newly established Knowledge Nelwd
of the West (KNOW) provide access to the e<
cational resources of the province, but our gra
program allows people in even the remotest
of the province to watch other available statioi
Finally, my sincere thanks go to the sap
bers in the ministry who, during the pi
have capably and enthusiastically helped pi*
policies into action: action which I hope will he
a direct and beneficial impact on the future dip
tions which our province is to take.
 Deputy Minister's Message
Robert W. Stewart
I hen the Ministry of Universities, Science
I and Communications was formed in
I   November 1979, all the units which
Saks p the ministry were in full flight. The same
rcflvhich caused the government to create the
inisi have given fresh impetus to each division,
anpact but vigorous
Jafdas been put to-
sthlto run the minis-
!riali|dministration and
tbaareas of universi-
sdfld of science and
!cfngpgy, which oper-
te /fistly through bod-
isasrnal to govern-
lendjery small but key
affaave been put in
ladejn the first sixteen months of its existence,
e rrtistry has shaken down and is operating ef-
ctive and smoothly.
Jijie universities area the expressed need felt
[orld|de for increased accountability is putting
wdgmands on all bodies involved: the univer-
(ieMsmselves, the Universities Council and the
svesnent. British Columbia's universities are un-
;ucdifortunate in that the effects of in-migration
ncbij balance or even overwhelm the demo-
apf| effects of the decay of the postwar "baby
3>ora Our universities, almost uniquely, are not
jvinio contract. This offers them opportunities
graffi quality as well as in the size of student
baysie ministry plays the crucial role of provid-
|g ttainterface between the government, which
fespnsible for almost all of the financing of the
tivalies, and the Universities Council and the
iveuies themselves.
In the science area, several new programs
had been instituted just before the formation of the
ministry and it has been the responsibility of the
ministry to bring them to orderly fruition. Particularly notable has been the successful effort to
bring the Discovery Parks from an idea into a
reality. By the end of 1980-81 roads and buildings
were being constructed at BCIT and Simon Fraser.
Major tenants have been found for both of these
parks. Progress was also made with respect to the
University of Victoria and the University of British
Columbia. An important effort was put in place to
promote the use of natural gas as a transportation
fuel. Both research into improving the technology
and promotional activities were being run under
ministerial auspices.
In the communications area, as well as continuing the responsibility of providing communications services throughout the government, the
ministry was actively involved in the constitutional
discussions, pressing the case that most communications responsibility should lie with the province.
The division is now girding itself for a major effort
to upgrade the government telephone, and other
communications systems and to deal with the increasingly complex regulatory problems which
arise through the inexorable advance of communications technology.
The metric conversion division, streamlined,
has increased its service capability by instituting a
metric standards service to the government and to
the private sector in the province.
The ministry is thus planning an active, innovative role in many areas of life in the province. It
expects to remain small in number but to be significant in importance.
scots Porks Inc was formed to
bveknjichnology research
pf^soH model illustrates a
 Ministry Administration
Ministry Administration includes the Finance and Administration Branch, the
executive of the ministry, their secretaries, and consultants called in for special research projects.
Executive of the Ministry
The executive of the ministry includes the
Deputy Minister, the Assistant Deputy Minister of
Communications, the Assistant Deputy Minister of
Universities, the Director of University Programs,
the Science Program Analyst, the Director of Finance and Administration, the Director of the
Communications System Development and Regulation Branch, the Director of the Telecommunications Services Branch, and the Executive Director of the Metric Conversion Office.
Finance and Administration
The Finance and Administration Branch is the
services section of the ministry, responsible for internal finance, compilation of the annual estimates, and the development and maintenance of
effective procedures for internal financial control
Roles and Functions
The  branch  maintains liaison with the Min
istry of Finance, the Comptroller-General's Offia
the Treasury Board, the Government Employe
Relations Bureau and other provincial mirSy
regarding financial matters. It is also resplRj|
for ministerial accounts, and for reviewing an
maintaining records of all expenditures and con
mitments. A monthly update of expenditures con
pared to the Estimates is provided by the branc
for the Deputy Minister and the Assistant Depu
Ministers of Universities and Communications,
addition, the branch maintains liaison with If
Universities Council of British Columbia, the Sq
ence Council of British Columbia, and the Disco]
ery Foundation. Forecasts of capital support cos
and related administration of this activity are fu
nished for the universities.
The provision and overall management <
personnel administration are also branch respoi
sibilities. Requisite services such as studies of o
ganization and establishment level, staff devefoj
ment programs, interpretation of provisions of cc
lective agreements, and grievance investigate
and resolution are provided for all branches of tl
Special Studies
A growing need for specific information i
various aspects of the universities and potent
Executive Director
Me Inc Conversion
and Standards
Information Office
Technical on.
Coordinate i
| Deputy Minister H
Line of authority
Secretariat on Science
Research and Development I
BC Research Coun^
Techwest Enlerpnses_
Discovery Parks Inc
BC Student Aid Programs.
Institutional Suppoj^
Services, Ministry
Joint Board of Teacl
1 L-j|       Knowledge Network     g*
schfl^ical industrial development resulted in
lejiffbnce and Administration Division being
skeqb administer these special studies and re-
; Anllalysis of the economic, social and cultural
computions of the three universities. The univer-
ssitflmake a contribution to the province far
befld the provision of lectures on campus, but
theujiture and extent of these contributions are
notJways apparent to those in government or
to tfflgeneral public.
r.Amiamination of the following issues as they
affrflhe three provincial universities:
i|ish Columbia demographic trends and
in'r influence on university enrolment;
J government's perspective on university
■rortunities for citizens of British Columbia
■fetain professional training;
^ality of access to university for people in
egions of the province;
asures used to compare universities and
Bosition of British Columbia universities in
iada according to these measures; and
rajels of pre-service and in-service teacher
An-rlamination of the current distribution of
torfflifStudents in post-secondary institutions in
jiheysvince, with a view to formulating a policy
iOrtlministry on:
3- ajiorizations for foreign students; and
ijtjjtutional and governmental contracts and
sements which bring foreign students to
An tifestigation of the demand for engineering
"onriij in British Columbia, and increased training aiusiness administration at UBC.
Aniflirnination of student housing at the three
unimities, with reference to availability and
comji rative rents of off-campus accommoda-
efficiency of the current housing opera
Kjage rates which the universities could
rd to pay and still maintain self-support-
benefits of graduated versus constant
■jgage payments; and
frajystem of financial assistance to university
es»rch Projects
VfiJue Market for Alternative Fuels
■yfcjdy was conducted to identify and de-
•,,r^ls potential vehicle market for certain alii fuels in the Lower Mainland and to de
termine how large a distribution network would
have to be created for a successful introduction of
each fuel. The alternative fuels studied were liquefied natural gas (LNG), compressed natural
gas (CNG), propane (LPG), CNG plus propane,
propane plus gasoline, and natural gas used in
diesel engines.
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
Because of an abundance of natural gas in
British Columbia, a pilot project was undertaken in
April 1980 to test two vehicles using CNG for
three months. Initial results were positive, and indicated the need for more information.
Additional information was obtained from two
subsequent studies:
• a demonstration project carried out at the facilities of British Columbia Research, with funds
supplied through the Science Council of BC,
using UBC fleet vehicles converted to using
CNG; and
• an investigation of a multiple fuel engine control
system for automobiles.
These studies resulted in a sizeable project involving basic and applied research on the fueling
and control of automotive engines. The project
was carried out at UBC, and funded by the British
Columbia Energy Development Agency (EDA).
Discussions with the federal government regarding the projects resulted in a national proposal,
made by the ministry, for the use of CNG in motor
vehicles. The prime contractor for this development is BC Research.
In conjunction with the CNG research projects, the ministry initiated a promotional program
for the use of CNG in private and fleet vehicles.
This is a continuing, long-range program.
Fixed Link: Prefeasibility Study of a Fixed
Link Between Vancouver Island and the
Lower Mainland
A preliminary investigation was undertaken regarding the feasibility of constructing a fixed link
across the southeastern end of the Strait of
Georgia between Vancouver Island and the
Lower Mainland. Three firms submitted concepts
for a fixed link. The most technically feasible is a
floating bridge. The major recommendation of the
prefeasibility study is that construction of a fixed
link should be held in abeyance until traffic has
grown substantially above present levels. The
question should be re-examined, however, in
approximately five years, or when it becomes
necessary to consider the building of new ferry
Universities Division
The Universities Division administers
government policy related to the operation of the three public universities, and
provides funding which in 1980-81 amounted
to approximately $270 000 000. Support is
also provided for:
• other institutions, including the Open Learning Institute and David Thompson University
• the development of university programs in
non-metropolitan areas of the province and
the delivery systems to support them; and
• the medical teaching expansion program.
The newest program delivery method is
provided by the Knowledge Network of the
West, a non-profit society which establishes
television channels for educational delivery
via satellite and cablevision. Funding is also
provided for the operation of the Universities
Council of British Columbia, which offers advice and support to universities and makes recommendations to government on a wide
range of matters, including operations, capital
budgets, and programs direction for the uni
versities. The council, under the Universil
Act, is responsible for the allocation of ger
eral operating grants to the universities™
The division has two senior officials tH
Assistant Deputy Minister of Universities anc
reporting to him, the Director of Universi
Programs. The Assistant Deputy MinislK
as the senior ministry representative on un
versity matters, and interacts at a policy lev
with the universities, the Universities Counc
and other related agencies regarding unive
sity operations and program needs. Hi?alJ
maintains liaison with other provincial an
federal ministries and departments to ensu
proper program coordination at the universi^
level. The Director assists the Assistant Depu
Minister in coordinating the ministry's respoi
sibility for the development and implement
tion of plans, policies and programs; by pn
paring formal reports and recommendation
in managing special projects; and in workir
with other ministries, especially the Ministry
Education, Post-Secondary Department, ar
the appropriate post-secondary councjM
The Begbie Building at UVic, housing the Law Library and faculty
 Universities Council of British Columbia
ie Universities Council is appointed by
fcbinet as its advisor on university
fiairs, through the Minister of Univer-
jscience and Communications. The
Is an independent Crown agency es-
ad subsequent to the proclamation of
Versifies Act (1974). Its autonomous
&us was received through Order-in-
fn 1978.
ire are eleven members, including the
>an, appointed by the Lieutenant-
K>r in Council. No council member,
er, can serve simultaneously as a
r of government and as a university
or staff member or student, or a public
■in the provincial ministries of Educa-
liance, or Universities, Science and
Biications. A member's term of ap-
ffitt is for three years, and is renewable
)ra similar period.
members are:
nirman:  WILLIAM C.   GIBSON,  M.D.,
K.P., former Head of the Department
History of Medicine and Science at
3 Chairman by election: DAVID A.
EEMAN, B.A., Q.C, partner in the law
n Freeman and Company.
klJEL BELZBERG, B.Comm., Chairman of
: Board of First City Trust Company.
il M. EYRE, B.A.Sc, P.Enq., Chairman of
b Advisory Board of the Salvation
my, President of Dueck on Broadway.
Iffisntlv Mayor of Silverton, BC.
K HETHERINGTON, BA.Sc, President of
b lumber company Ralph S. Plant Ltd.
NEIL PERRY,, B.A., Ph.D., former Deputy
[ffister of Education.
(DlCK) SANDWELL, B.A.Sc, Hon. L.L.D.,
I airman of the firm of consulting en-
| eers Sandwell and Company Ltd.
H. STEWART, B.A., L.L.B., former Chair-
in of the Finance Committee, member
I Board of Governors of University of
I toria
NKLIN E. WALDEN, B.A., B.Comm., C.A.,
Imer member of the BC Energy Com-
Role and Functions
The council serves as an intermediary between British Columbia's three public universities and the provincial government. Its purpose is to promote the orderly development
of university education and to create public
accountability for university expenditures.
Some of the council's most important functions are:
• recommending general funding levels for
• allocating the Annual Provincial Operating
Grant among the three public British Columbia universities; and
• ensuring that unnecessary duplication of
programs is avoided.
Council's mandate has been extended by
the ministry to include responsibility for reviewing and approving the university-level
programs of the British Columbia Open
Learning Institute, and academic transfer programs and capital facilities at David Thompson University Centre in Nelson.
The full council meets on a regular basis
once every month. If circumstances warrant,
special meetings are arranged. Council traditionally meets in offices at 500-805 West
Broadway, Vancouver, but it is empowered to
hold public meetings anywhere in the province. Once a year, the council visits the campuses of the three universities to meet with the
boards of governors.
Council works through four standing committees:
• Business Affairs Committee;
• Capital Planning and Development Committee;
• Program Coordinating Committee; and
• Long-Range Planning Committee.
The Program Coordinating Committee
meets monthly; the other committees meet
quarterly, or as required. Task forces and
sub-committees are struck, when required, to
address issues that arise, and external consultants are engaged when special expertise
is required. All universities are represented on
each standing committee. The Open Learning
Institute is represented only on three: the Program Coordinating Committee, the Business
Affairs Committee, and the Long-Range Planning Committee.
Universities Council of British Columbia
The Business Affairs Committee advises
council on financial matters, with primary emphasis on the budgets of the public universities, and the Open Learning Institute. Each
August, it receives the funding submissions of
the universities. From these, council prepares
its recommendations to the Minister of Universities, Science and Communications for the
provincial operating grant to the universities
and the Open Learning Institute for the ensuing fiscal year. Once the total provincial
operating grant for that year is known, council
allocates the approved funds to the individual
universities and the Open Learning Institute.
The Capital Planning and
Development Committee reviews all matters pertaining to
universities' capital expenditures, and advises council on
them. (The term capital expenditure includes reference
to new capital projects, public
works, and renovations projects and equipment requests).
The committee's activities
in part are concerned with the
British Columbia Educational
Institution Capital Finance Act K*l
(1979 RS Chap. 102). This makes it possible to
finance capital planning projects through annual cash grants. Since 1980, it has also been
possible to finance major equipment over a
ten-year period.
The Program Coordinating Committee
advises council on all matters pertaining to
academic programs. Its activities include:
• Evaluating new program proposals presented by the universities in accordance with
70(e) and (p)(ii) of the Universities Act
(1974) and making recommendations to the
Universities Council on these proposals. The
committee has developed a set of program
guidelines which mainly detail the procedures by which all new undergraduate
and graduate programs are submitted for
committee review. During the course of new
program evaluation, the committee applies
several criteria. In particular, members are
concerned that a new program be both
academically and economically viable and
not duplicated unnecessarily in existing pro
grams. Members are also interested i
assessing employment opportunities for pro
gram graduates. Occasionally, the com
mittee retains outside consultants to com
plete evaluation of specialized or controver
sial program proposals.
Reviewing existing university programs wit
a view to:
- identifying the special areas of irfllre!
and expertise in each of the universitie:
- developing plans to reduce unnecessarj
> Identifying areas in whic
inter-university cooperatio
appears desirable.
< Consulting with the Ope
Learning Institute, the Ace
demic Council, and other re]
levant agencies, in order
rationalize the delivery c
university-level programs i
the province.
• Assisting the universitfes i
their coordination of thedelK
ery of distance education pr<
grams to the non-metropoi
tan areas of British Columbic
• Examining the role of the universities in
development of in-service training and re
training for the professionals.
• Studying and making recommendations
the Universities Council on such matters a
may be referred to the committee from tim
to time by the universities or by the council. I
The Long-Range Planning Committee pre
motes discussion on institutional roles, ace
demic objectives, and long-range financic
and academic planning for the public univei
sities of British Columbia. With a view to lone
range planning, council has inaugurated a
annual conference to discuss priority issue
and post-secondary education in British Co
umbia. Recent conferences were held in Vic
toria and Parksville, Vancouver Island. Th
1980 conference was held at Harrison He
To serve the people of British Columbi
lotl effectively, council is involved with
sta: of overall post-secondary interest.
m|; these are various financial problems,
clang those associated with student aid
naltudent housing, which face persons
isBg to enter university. Another concern is
;csibility to degree-completion institutions.
>baiing funds to maintain and upgrade
liyljj'ty libraries, an often underrated but
settal facet of any academic institution, is
Muncil is made aware of matters of con-
;rrJ) students, faculty or administrators of
wijities, through discussions with univer-
y fbsidents, officials of the ministry, non-
etBDolitan consultants, representative
:o« such as the British Columbia Student
xiJtion, and the Confederation of Faculty
ssctptions. Also, the minutes of the Board
Gnernors and senates of the various insti-
tiqlare reviewed.
jitters of concern to council, and cur-
ntfalnder study, include:
Tha:ontinuing use of army huts to house
uniersity departments and students in reside™;. These constitute a fire hazard, and
coii:il hopes to see the replacement of
[loanable structures within the next five
yewon all campuses.
rill Columbia is below Canada's na-
tiaa: average in student participation in
unfirsity studies. Council is examining this
situlon, and if advisable, will take steps to
re\»;e it. The policy is to equalize education opportunity for all British Columbians
cample of entering university, regardless of
ager geographical location.
Ana,er concern is that, at present, fewer
yoqlj people in British Columbia qualify in
sumDrofessions as medicine and engineer-
ngcian Canada's national average. By
98; opportunities for British Columbians to
irainn medicine will become consistent with
theljmber of doctors needed by the pro-
win engineering, it is expected that
thai will be increased demand and op-
Operating Grants
Operating grants are used to fund
ongoing on-campus programs and
required support services such as the
library, student services, and administration.
The operating grants for the three universities are based upon recommendations
made by the Universities Council. When the
funds are established by the Legislature, they
are allocated by the council. The formula
used to allocate these funds takes into consideration the size of the institution, and the
student enrolment mix by year and by type of
course. The trimester system offered at SFU is
a special modification of the formula.
University funding increased between
1978-79 and 1979-80 by 16.2 percent. The increase between 1979-80 and 1980-81 was
11.4 percent. Full-time equivalent enrolments
rose from 38 347 in 1979-80 to 39 501 in
1980-81, an increase of 3.0 percent. Full-time
enrolment increased in the same term, by 2.3
percent from 31 069 to 31 797. Part-time
enrolment increased slightly from 12 770 to
$217 225 797 4 I !
$200578 000 4 I
□ D U
1978-79 1979-80 1980-81
39 501
31 797
1979-80 1980-81       1979-80 1980-81       1979-80 1980-8
Full-time Full-lime Part-time
At Simon Fraser University, the Capital Support Program provided funding for the Teaching and Lab Complex, shown here, and two
additional projects have received approval.
 Operating Grants (Other)
ables 1 and 2 show the grants made
in this category over the past two years.
The largest expenditure was for the
tal Expansion Projects at the University
tish Columbia and related teaching hos-
■These grants separately fund the ex-
on of the Medical School enrolment
Eighty new students each year to 160
tits per year. The first-year class is ex-
sd by twenty students each year, and it
Kj<e seven years until the expansion
npleted and the graduating class is
fed. The effect of this increase in the
g of doctors will give British Columbia
nts opportunities consistent with the
3r of doctors needed by the province.
?79-80 class was the first full expansion
3nty students. The 1980-81 class added
I more to a total first-year class of 120
e government has recognized the need
pvide university programs in the non-
politan areas of the province as a
[il extension of the diversified college
l. These services are supplied in three
Ijgh David Thompson University Centre,
l)lished in Nelson in 1979. The centre
I both college programs given by Sel-
ItCollege and university-level programs
13d by the University of Victoria. A new
loach to campus programs is offered by
lentre, with a wider variety of programs
lany one institution can offer.
Ijgh special funding provided to univer-
I to run off-campus programs in all of
Kajor interior and coastal communities
In many of the smaller communities.
Ijgh the Open Learning Institute (OLI).
■ 80-81, funds to the OLI (established in
■^increased, as this was the first year of
Ir growth in course development. The
In Learning Institute doubled the number
I'ailable courses to eighty and enrolled
J; 3 200 students in university-level
lants were provided to a number of in-
lis to supply unique programming.
TO UNIVERSITIES, 1979-80 AND 1980-81
1979-80        1980-81
British Columbia
Simon Fraser
131831768 143323 783
48522954   54 317 986
36871075   41970 156
217225 797 239611925
Source: Universities Council of British Columbia.
(OTHER), 1979-80 AND 1980-81
1979-80      1980-81
University Medical Expansion
2000 000
3000 000
David Thompson University
Centre Interior Programs
2 000 000
2400 000
Library Retrospective Conversion
Regent College
Vancouver School of Theology
Western College of Veterinary
404 500
Industrial Arts Teacher Training
Open Learning Institute
1 575 000
Joint Board of Teacher
161 250
Western Institute for the Deaf
7 748 100
British Columbia
Simon Fraser
Operating Grants (Other)
These were made:
• to the affiliated theological colleges, Regent
College and the Vancouver School of Theology, for post-graduate instruction;
• to the Western College of Veterinary Medicine in Saskatoon to train British Columbia
veterinary students in the only program in
Western Canada;
• to the Joint Board of Teacher Education to
support its activity of providing recommendations to all parties included for pre-service
and in-service training for public school
teachers; and
• for Library Retrospective Conversion of the
card catalogues to computer-based microfiche records. (This is a project of retrospective conversion of library card catalogues to
a computer-accessible format; all new library books are catalogued in a machine-
readable and accessible form. This project
converts the cataloguing of all previously
required holdings to the same format.
The system, when completed, will enable all library users in the provincial
post-secondary libraries to determine the
holdings at any of the libraries. This will provide the possibility for greater sharing within
the system.  Because the university library
holdings are extensive and complex, thi
process will take at least six years tc
Funds were also provided to the Industria
Arts Teacher Training Centre, and the West
ern Institute for the Deaf.
Industrial Arts Teacher
Training Centre
The development of appropriately trainer
industrial arts teachers for the high schools o
this province is an activity of the Faculty o
Education at the University of British Col
umbia. Both regular students and journeymen
tradesmen enrol in these programs. At a spe
cial centre located on the BCIT campus, thi
provincial government, through grants to thi
university, has sponsored the accelerate!
portion of the program for the journeymai
By taking a program over an extend©
winter and summer session, tradesmen qualif
to teach in the schools with only one year ol
of the labour force. They can then complef
their training and degree requirement
through an internship and further program
on a part-time basis.
DECEMBER 1, 1980'
Full-    Part-                Fulltime     time    Total    time
Full-    Part-
Total    time     time    Total
British Columbia
Simon Fraser
17426  4 020 21446 2 270
5 534   4 119   9 653    885
5 204  2833  8037    425
3440 19779  5 10724886
1221    6389  4485 10874
841    5 629  3249  8878
28164 1097239 136 3580
5502 31 797 1284144 638
Source: Universities Council of British Columbia.
' Data for Simon Fraser are as at October 1.
DECEMBER 1,19791
UNDERGRADUATE        GRADUATE                  TOTAL
Full-    Part-                Full-    Part-                Full-    Part-
time     time    Total    time     time    Total    time     time    Total
British Columbia
Simon Fraser
17 198  520422402 2270   1025   3295 19468  622925697
5320  3338   8658     809     313   1122   6 129  3651   9780
5090  2582   7 672    382     308     690   5472 2890   8362
27 608 11 124 38 732 3 461    1 646  5 107 31 069 12 770 43 839
Source: Universities Council of British Columbia.
1 Data for Simon Fraser are as at October 1.
 h Learning Institute (OLI) provides
ity programs in non-metropolitan
fthe province. In 1980-81,3 200
I students registered in the eighty
glevel courses offered by the OLI.
5>ve: Lessons are recorded in the
)rding studio. Rinht- Ol I nrndurps.
Grants—Capital Support Program
The Capital Support Program covers
three main areas:
• construction  of new buildings and
other facilities;
• maintenance work and improvements to existing facilities (referred to as renovations
and public works projects); and
• the purchase of major equipment items.
For capital equipment purchases, the ministry provides cash grants to each university.
In both 1979-80 and 1980-81, the grants totalled $3 million. These funds are allocated
according to recommendations from the Universities Council. An additional $2 million was
provided for scientific equipment, through the
Special Purpose Appropriation Act of 1980.
These funds are allocated according to recommendations from the Science Council.
1979-80       1980-81 Special Purpose
Estimates     Estimates      Appropriation Act,
UBC       $1820700  $1836000 $1158 166
SFU 670200       650000 481834
UVic 509 100       514 000 360000
TOTAL   $3 000000  $3 000000
$2 000000
Renovation and public works activities at
the three universities for the period July 1,
1979 to March 31,  1981  cost $15 783 511.
These costs have been incurred as follows:
$ 8 628 798
3579 069
3 575 644
$15 783511
A major part of the Capital Support Pro
gram is devoted to the construction bf nev
facilities. The starting point of the capital pro
cess is the five-year plan. Once a year, eac
university submits its updated five-year plan ti
the Universities Council. The council then for
wards a consolidated five-year plan to th
ministry. The five-year plan is a planning too
with projects receiving formal approval on
project-by-project basis. After the council sut
mits its recommendations on specific project
to the minister, most projects go through
two-stage approval process within f|e mir
istry and Treasury Board. At the first stage,
project is approved in principle, complete vwl
a total estimated cost for the project. In add
tion, funding is authorized for the firstfsix pel
cent of the project's cost. This pre-consfrudio
approval funds such activities as preliminar
and final architectural plans up to the tends
documents. At the second stage, the fine
ninety-four percent of the funding is approve
for building construction and site services..*
The construction of the Acute Care Unit
at the University of British Columbia was
just one of the live Capital Support
Program projects completed on that
campus during the reporting period. At
right: Examining X-rays in Radiology.
Grants—Capital Support Program
During the twenty-one-month period covered by this report, projects estimated to cost
$42 768 000 have passed through at least the
first of the two stages outlined above. These
projects are listed below:
Estimated Cost
Acute Care Hospital
$ 4 160000
Chemistry-Physics Building
Central Mall Extension
1 580 000
Multi-Purpose Extension
4 100000
Life Sciences Building
7 000000
Triumf Building Program
(at UBC)
2 565 000
Triumf-Phase II (at UBC]
Construction of Ring Road
(at SFU)
4 368 000
During the same twenty-one-month period, activities on buildings worth $40 463 532
have been carried out (this is in addition to
the $15 783 511 listed above for public works
and renovations).
All costs incurred for building activities
and public works and renovations are financed through a two-stage debt-servicing
procedure. When costs are first incurred, they
are covered by temporary loans received by
the universities through their banks. Once the
temporary bank loans reach a sufficiently high
level for a project, they are converted into
long-term debentures (this decision is made
by the ministry). Through this process, the
Educational Institution Capital Finance Authority loans the institution funds to pay off the
he university
temporary bank loan. In return, thi
issues a debenture to the Authority, byfEJ
the university undertakes to repay the loan
according to a specified schedule. The ministry provides funds to the university to meet
the repayment schedule. There are two interest payments plus one principal paymenl
each year, and the debentures carry c
twenty-year term.
The advantage of the debenture proce
dure is that it enables the government to meet
the immediate needs of the universitiefBjh-
out creating an immediate drain on the province's cash flow. Since the current capita
approval and financing procedures were
adopted in 1977, projects worth $173 678311
have been approved. Against this appro
val amount, borrowings to date equa
$96 445 857. Servicing this debt cost just ovei
$9 million in fiscal 1980-81.
Several projects or sub-projects have
been completed during the twenfy-one-montf
period covered by this report
• Medical Blocks A and B;
• Library Processing Building (third and fourth
• IRC (Instructional Resources Centre) Lecture
• Acute Care Unit; and
• Hospital Parkade.
• Teaching and Lab Complex.
• Law Building.
 Student Aid Programs
tudent aid programs are designed to
ease thefinancial burdens of those wishing to pursue post-secondary objectives.
^programs are administered by the Insti-
Ijpport Services of the Ministry of Educa-
ind funded by the Ministry of Universities,
ee and Communications.
sh Columbia Student Assistant Program
!e Student Assistance Program is a com-
hsive program of financial aid to post-
pary students. Its purpose is to ensure
=sidents of British Columbia are not pre-
d from reaching their educational goals
|se of financial limitations,
though the principal responsibility for
ng educational costs must remain with
pdent, this program exists to supplement
udent's financial resources when funds
Bjse available are insufficient to cover
ated expenses. The amount of assist-
Hwarded is based on a standard need
|nent procedure established by the fed-
nd provincial governments,
e Student Assistance Program is com-
lof two inter-related components:
Canada Student Loan Program, funded
he federal government and provincially
inistered, which allows for a repayable
iof up to a maximum of $1 800 per edu-
pnal year, the amount subject to
[|e; and
British Columbia Provincial Grant Pro-
R funded by the province, which allows
wion-repayable grant up to a maximum
1 700 per educational year, the amount
b subject to change.
nds are normally disbursed in a combi-
of non-repayable provincial grant and
able federal loan. Eligibility for the grant
raent may, however, be limited by fac-
ich as program of study, educational in-
n, and ownership of assets.
:ial Assistance Program
Is program is designed to provide finan-
Igistance mainly to individuals who do
pilify under the regular, full-time British
libia Student Assistance Program. In
lilar. this assistance is received by ma-
ture students and/or single parents who are
attempting to upgrade marketable skills.
Individuals who enrol on a full-time basis
in courses less than twenty-six weeks in duration are also eligible for assistance. In addition, students receiving aid from other government sources, such as the Ministry of Human
Resources, may qualify for the Special Assistance Program.
Participants must attend a public post-
secondary institution with either less than sixty
percent of a full course load, or a full-time
course load of less than twenty-six weeks.
The maximum assistance available under
this program is $300 per academic year, or
$150 per semester. Funds are provided in the
form of a non-repayable grant to assist needy
students registered in credit courses leading
to a certificate, diploma or first degree.
THE 1979-80 AND 1980-81 PROGRAM YEARS
14 404
Sll 174 380
Average Grant
$817 753
Average Grant
$1   28
Total Grants Authorized
Average Grant
14 385
Average Loan
2 080
$3 136301
Average Loan
Total Loans Autho
$21 702 890
Average Loan
' Projected.
2Represents the r
and amount o
grant and loan confirmation
which are issued
han the awards
actually disbursed.
 Student Aid programs
The Student Assistance, Special Assistance and
Work-Study Prog rams help students to meet the
financial requirements of attending university.
The Work-Study Program
The Work-Study Program, initiated m
1977, is designed to provide on-campus work
experience for students requiring financial assistance while attending a post-secondary institution.
A limited number of part-time on-campus
jobs, averaging five to fifteen hours per week
may be made available to post-secondary
The program is open to British Columbia
residents studying at participating universities,
colleges and institutes located in British
Students demonstrating a financial need,
under the terms of the Student Assistance
Program, are considered for the Work-Study
The Work-Study Program was established
• aid students in reducing indebtedness in
curred while pursuing a post-secondary
program of study;
• assist students in meeting additional educa
tional costs that are not usually covered by
the BC Student Assistance Program;
• assist in the absence of student savings or
parental/family contributions; and
• where possible, provide students with
career-related job experiences.
Since the number of positions are limited
institutions are under no obligation to guarantee placement. Jobs made available
through the Work-Study Program will be ad
ministered by the institutions, according to
their internal policies and procedures.
 metric Conversion Office
fundamental change in Canadian industrial technology occurred in 1970
when the government of Canada in-
m its intention to convert the country's
rTtftmiremenf system from the imperial to the
SI nsteme International) metric system.
I 1973, the government of the Province of
rilt Columbia formed an Interministerial
Mac Conversion Committee to coordinate
melc conversion within government and,
"i-***74, established the British Columbia
Melc Office to serve as the committee's
seatariat and as a technical consultant
seme for business, industries, municipalities
IB976, by agreement be-
tw«n the governments of
aada and British Colum-
Diaihe BC Metric Office set
jpJ Metric Information
eSe to answer inquiries
roijindustry, business, trade
3ind:onsumer associations,
haoers of commerce, mun-
ciqties and government de-
irartents and agencies. This
ngiwment was renewed in
1984for a further four years,
lag and Functions
>|> a result of metric conversion and
anda's participation in the General Agree-
Tiewor Tariffs and Trade, Canadian industry
laaeen made more aware of the import-
andjof referring to existing standards, and
JevqDping and changing standards. As a re-
jultiie ministry, through its Metric Office, es-
abiied the Metric Standards Information
Dffii in 1980, with the objective of making a
taj|]rds and technological information ser-
/iciieadily available to British Columbia
jPcdects and Achievements
Irifi&trial Training
mx\ plant construction and new equip
meaiow being installed use metric measure-
rri&ttAs a consequence, a number of indus-
'riea.uch as mines, pulp and paper mills,
savalls and machinery supply and service
depots requested assistance in implementing
metrication during 1980-81.
The Metric Office assisted in editing, for
correct SI usage, training materials prepared
by colleges. The publications included training
material for Brick and Tile, Sheet Metals,
Reinforcing Steel, Boat Building, Joinery,
Masonry, Construction, Electricity, Plumbing,
Steamfitting and Floor Covering courses, the
Carpentry Apprenticeship Program and a
'Metric for Carpenters' training program.
The BC Fire Services Academy requested
that the Metric Office participate in its Leadership Development courses and provide an
introductory metric seminar
for its candidates. Consultation with respect to new standards and recent technical
developments, relative to fire-
fighting equipment and procedures, was also provided
for the Fire Commissioner's
Office and the Fire Services
Because of heavy dependence by the Canadian
construction industry on US
manufactured building materials, the fact that the United
States is out of step with Canada in progress
towards metrication continues to be a source
of irritation for the Canadian industry. For the
purpose of hearing directly from US industry,
and allaying unnecessary fears, a seminar
was convened at which the Chairman of the
US Construction Industries Coordinating
Committee on Metrication briefed representatives of the British Columbia construction industry, professional engineers, and architects.
During the year, industrial training assistance was continued in areas where colleges
were not fully prepared for the additional
A series of train-the-trainer seminars was
also conducted for post-secondary colleges
personnel, and a second series for school district directors and supervisors of instruction.
Representatives of independent schools were
included in this series. Two workshops
seminars were conducted for college carpentry instructors and one for college metric
Metric Conversion Office
coordinators to help prepare for the heightened public interest anticipated with the start
of the retail scale conversion program in
January 1982.
Utilizing British Columbia Systems Corporation (BCSC) facilities, the Metric Standards library is being incorporated into the in-
terministerial library system, thus making it
easily accessible to all ministries and agencies
of government.
During the past year, the Metric Office
hosted the 24th  Inter-governmental Metric
Conversion Committee meeting, attended by
executive members of the American Nati|ja|
Metric Council, and representatives of the
provincial and territorial governments e$d|
Metric Commission Canada.
The Metric Office also convened two BC
Interministerial Metric Conversion Committee
The Future
Late in 1980, the federal government
announced its intention to proceed with the
retail-food-store scale conversion program in
January 1982. Because of the exceptional
sensitivity and pervasiveness of this aspect of
metric conversion, it is expected that public
awareness of, and demand for, metric information will peak in 1982.
 Science and Technology Division
cience and Technology encourages
and funds, where appropriate, scientific research and technological devel-
:opiiint, particularly with the object of foster-
cingle growth of high technology industry in
Briti Columbia and undertaking research
anqlevelopment projects which have a high
pomtial for economic growth and social
beialts. This primary objective requires co-
ordrrtion among the various government, in-
duslal and academic communities in estab-
lishl] their respective approaches to the de-
vel«ment and utilization of the province's
:phfljal resources and skilled manpower.
ie ministry uses several methods to en-
coJge the development of science and
tecHslogy within the province. The Science
CoI:il of British Columbia, supported by the
Seclariat on Science, Research and Devel-
opnht, provides advice to government on
priaties for research and development.
Thnlgh the Science Council, the ministry allocate funds for the support of applied re-
seali and development projects, Graduate
jResiprch Engineering and Technology
'GR|\T) Awards and Industrial Post-Doctoral
ie Discovery Foundation, and its wholly
i subsidiary, Discovery Parks Incorporate have been established to advance sci-
enti technological and industrial research
in 8 sh Columbia through the establishment
oft jstrial research parks which provide an
Opf tunity for the industrial sector to interre-
Itttg ith the academic community in the de-
veb nent of high technology and know-
iedi   based industry within the province. The
British Columbia Research Council, a nonprofit research organization funded in part by
the ministry, provides a further opportunity for
the industrial sector to obtain assistance. BC
Research, the council's operating arm, undertakes both contract research and government-funded research on problems of high
provincial concern.
In addition to the focus on scientific inquiry
and technological development within the
province maintained through the combined
activities of these organizations, the Internal
Research Advisory Committee has been established to maintain an awareness of the
type of research and development which is
being performed and which is required by
The Science and Technology Division also
provides general staff support for the ministry.
The division:
• develops, coordinates, directs and assesses
• undertakes research and makes recommendations regarding research program proposals and program alternatives;
• represents the ministry on committees and
working groups dealing with scientific and
technological research activities; and
• maintains continuous review of research activities and ensures the flow of essential
management information.
In addition to providing staff support for
the ministry, assistance is provided to persons
and organizations seeking information and
direction concerning scientific research and
development activities or opportunities within
the province.
The Science and
Technology Division
allocates funds, through
the Science Council, for the
support of research and
development projects such
as multiple fuel conversion,
shown here.
Science Councilof British Columbia
The Science Council of British Columbia and the Secretariat on Science,
Research and Development were established in June 1978 under the Science
Council of British Columbia Act. At that time,
the council and secretariat reported to the
Minister of Education, but a change in ministerial responsibilities in late 1979 transferred
authority to the newly formed Ministry of Universities, Science and
Communications. Details
of council acitivities may
be found in their annual
Role and Functions
The principal duties
of council, as described
in the Science Council
Act, are to:
• consider all matters
brought to its attention
by the minister and,
where required by the
minister, report its findings to him;
• formulate recommendations respecting the
acquisition, development and dissemination
of scientific, technological and scholarly
knowledge to promote
the industrial, economic
and social development of the province;
• advise the government
on implementation of
science policy;
• gather and organize information on scientific research;
• facilitate discussions on science policy with
the government of Canada or a province or
with an interested person;
• recommend the establishment and awarding of fellowships, scholarships, exhibitions,
bursaries, grants, and prizes to encourage
development of improved technology and
retention of skilled research personnel in the
province; and
• evaluate research and development pro-
posals submitted to it by the secretariat
and make recommendations to the government respecting the funding of these
The council is made up of local researchers and research managers from both the universities and industry who provide theisfhr-l
vices on a voluntary basis.
Members of the Science Council of BC:
CHAIRMAN: R.W. KEYES, Chief Economist,
Western Canada Steel Ltd.
D.H. COPP, Department of Physiology,
University of British Columbia.
H.M. ELLIS, Director of Research and
Development, BC Hydro and Power Authority.
K. EVELYN, Chairman, BC Health Care
Research Foundation.
O. FORGACS, Vice President of Research,
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd.
J.S. HAYWARD, Department of Biology,
University of Victoria.
J.P. KUTNEY, Professor of Chemistry, University
of British Columbia.
J. MACDONALD, President, MacDonald
Dettwiler and Associates, Ltd.
R.D. MALCOLM, Barrister and Solicitor, Ladner
V.A. MODE, Director, BC Research.
J.D. MURDOCK, President, Chemetics
International Ltd.
S.C. ROONEY, President, Durand Machinery
Company Ltd.
J.M. WEBSTER, Dean of Science, Simon Fraser
L.M. WEDEPOHL, Dean of Applied Science,
University of British Columbia.
H. WRIGHT, Chairman, Wright Engineers Ltd.
The following attend meetings, but are not
considered members:
R.W. STEWART, Chairman of IRAQ Deputy
Minister of Universities, Science and
P. TRUSSELL, Chairman, Forest Research
W.M. ARMSTRONG, Executive Director,
Research Secretariat of British Columbia.
M.A. CAIRNS, Assistant to the Director,
Research Secretariat of British Columbia.
Research and
The objectives of the
council's research and
development policy fo
British Columbia are to:
• consolidate and ex
pand employment and
output of existing in
dustries by establishing,
maintaining and im
proving their competi
five position, especially
in export markets, with
particular attention to
the maintenance oil
long-term productivity
of the province's forests, mines, agricultural
lands and waters and
to the further development of fossil fuel resources;
• stimulate new industrial
opportunities in the
province through the
establishment of technology-based manufacturing and service
• improve the quality of life in the province by
providing, through health-care research,
finest medical services at the most **j
able cost, by reducing industrial and
pollution and by protecting-the naturajg
ronmentfrom lasting damage; and
• facilitate in all recognized disciplines,^
cumulation of scientific and techn|
excellence in the region and, in so]
provide opportunities for young Pe0(|
are receiving advanced training in ow
 Science Council of British Columbia
offlinal system to become involved in the
sap' ar|d economic development of the
aw rds
le Graduate Research Engineering and
Feolology (GREAT) Awards are designed to
snaf.rage graduate students to work on reseat projects of interest to local companies.
TheS(REAT Awards provide a scholarship of
JobD per year for a maximum of three years'iduate students at British Columbia
jniij'sities who are working on projects
n Joperation with local industries and
Ie Industrial Post-Doctoral Fellowship
IPB is designed to stimulate the employ-
Tierlof recent doctoral graduates in private
ndlry. The award provides a subsidy of
jjl*3D0 for a maximum of two years to the
aid] of a recently qualified PhD employed
ivitfi] British Columbia company. This is
a mvide an incentive for companies to de-
/eldlfheir research capabilities and allow an
sasy'ansition from an academic background
o alidustrial one for the award holder.
|3 BC Science and Engineering Awards
urelinual awards recognizing the contribu-
ionspf local scientists and engineers to the
;ca|mic and social development of British
~onibia, including contributions to the
jndlitanding and appreciation of science by
neifiblic. Awards are made to both senior
researchers who have made extensive career
contributions and younger investigators who
have made an outstanding contribution. A
gold medal and citation are presented to
each award recipient. A maximum of three
awards from among the following categories
may be made in any year:
• Natural sciences: This award is made on the
basis of work done in British Columbia, or
by a person normally resident in the province who has made an outstanding contribution to an advance in understanding in
any of the natural sciences.
• Health sciences: The award is made on the
basis of work done in British Columbia or by
a person normally resident in the province,
who has made an outstanding contribution
to an advance in understanding in any of
the health sciences.
• Engineering and applied sciences: This
award is made on the basis of work done in
British Columbia or by a person normally resident in the province, who has made an
outstanding contribution to an advance in
understanding in any of the engineering or
applied sciences.
• Industrial innovation: This award is given for
a concept originated and developed in
British Columbia. The concept must also
have led to the generation of goods and/or
services that have been marketed on a
significant scale.
Patrick McGeer presents D.H.
Copp with BC Science and
Engineering Award gold medal
and citation. Left to right: Dr.
Robert Bell, Chairman, Gold
Medal Selection Committee;
Patrick McGeer, Minister of
Universities, Science, and
Communications; D.H. Copp,
Department of Physiology, UBC;
Erich Vogt, past Chairman of the
Science Council.
Science Council of British Columbia
Secretariat on Science, Research
and Development
The primary responsibility of the secretariat is to provide administrative services to
the Science Council, such as the preparation
of material for meetings, implementation of
council programs, response to public enquiries and the financial administration of
council's affairs. In particular, the secretariat
has established and coordinates the procedures for the evaluation and funding of research projects, GREAT graduate scholarships, and industrial post-doctoral fellowships.
The secretariat provides a similar service
to the BC Health Care Research Foundation
which makes awards available for the support of medical and health care research related to provincial problems.
The secretariat also attends meetings of
the Internal Research Advisory Committee,
the provincial government's in-house research
coordination and review body, with representatives from all ministries involved in
research. This committee is chaired by the
Deputy Minister of Universities, Science and
Liaison is maintained with the federal government and its agencies, such as the Ministry
of State for Science and Technology, Statistics
Canada, the Department of Supply and Services, the National Research Council, and
other provincial governments and research
Internal Research Advisory Committee
The Internal Research Advisory Committee
is responsible for reviewing existing and proposed research and development activity,
with a view to improving the design, coordination and quality of provincially funded research and development projects. Implementation of this mandate requires that IRAC develop and maintain an inventory of all research and development activity funded by
the government of British Columbia, to review
proposed research and development projects, and to assist Treasury Board staff and
the ministries in the evaluation of ongoing research and development activities.
All Treasury Board submissions involving
expenditures of more than $10 000 on re
search and development projects receive the
prior endorsement of the Internal Research
Advisory Committee before funding approval
is requested from the Treasury Board.   1
In addition, IRAC provides information
with respect to research activity in the government, including projects under the $10 000
threshold. IRAC meetings are attended by a
representative from the Science Secretariat
and the chairman of IRAC sits on the Science
Council. In this way, research funded by various ministries can be kept constant with research funded by the Science Council.  ]
Council Research Projects
Coal Liquefaction
Coal is receiving increased recognition as
a potentially important energy source (for the
future, because it can be converted by liquej
faction and other methods into energy forms
that are acceptable for everyday use, ®haa
A study, initiated and funded by the Science Council of BC, was carried out by Swar
Wooster Engineering Company Ltd of Vancouver to investigate the opportunities foi
coal liquefaction research in British Columbia
Coal resources were reviewed and deposit;
most suitable for conversion to liquid fuel:
were identified. The study also identified c
nucleus of coal researchers in the province
who could form the basis of a liquefaction development program.
As a result of the study's recommendai
tions, BC Research Council set up a fo'yr-yea'
coal liquefaction project. The primaryj.objec-
tive of the program will be to evaluate Britisr
Columbia coals for direct liquefaction. The
work will also provide a group of trained engineers and scientists in the province whc
are familiar with the technology of coa
At the same time, a Coal Research Centre
will be established at the University ojBritisI
Columbia. This centre will bring tqTgethe
major coal research projects underway pa"
ferent faculties of the university, and plans tc
coordinate all research activities and grad
uate training related to coal, foster contact:
with industry and government coal researcl
interests (including the Ministry of Energy
 Science Council of British Columbia
v\ira and Petroleum Resources) and super-
trissfhe programming of coal  research
IcftJnational Tokamak Reactor (INTOR)
DtTOR is a proposed major international,
^tsiaenergy research facility to be funded by
caaortium of countries including the United
|otat» USSR, Japan and the European mem-
DerJf Euratom.
j* a result of discussions between the
~afllian and US governments, the possibil-
ty.cli Canadian location for INTOR is under
■onlbration, and a site in British Columbia is
)nel several offered. In order to provide a
.olkliasis for future discussions by govern-
nernindustry, and the public, the Science
joulil of BC commissioned a preliminary
itoqiDy the DALCOR Group of consultants
jasaj in Vancouver. It should be noted that
espjisibilify for the contents of the report
rests with the consultants alone, and the conclusions reached do not necessarily reflect the
opinions of the Science Council of BC or the
provincial government.
In view of subsequent changes in the international political climate, it is now less likely
that the project will proceed according to the
original plans. However, the report will nevertheless be useful in outlining the possible
effects of the location of a major scientific research facility in the province, and the potential for fusion energy research in Canada.
The Science Council has maintained contact with other provincial government agencies regarding related objectives. In particular, the Science Council supported Discovery
Foundation's establishment of Discovery
Parks, to be associated with SFU, UBC, UVic
and BCIT.
he cwifive of the Coal Liquefaction Project is to accumulate
tiffhzra technical data to identify and evaluate coal conversion
••^pesfities in British Columbia.
A research fund has been established
by the Science Cpuncil to make
awards for research projects which
are consistent with its stated objectives. Eight
categories have been recognized, for each of
which the council has appointed a subcommittee:
• electronics and communications;
• energy;
• forests and forest products;
• food and agriculture;
• manufacturing;
• mining, minerals and metals;
• oceans, marine and aquatic resources; and
• transportation.
Projects are selected by a process of peer
review by active researchers. Whenever possible, cooperation between university and industry is encouraged, and in several instances
projects are being carried out jointly. Council
hopes that this association will stimulate
transfer of research results and technology
from laboratories to industries.
Research Competition Number Two
In October of 1980, the results of Research Competition Number Two were released. Funding for twenty-seven research
projects was approved.
The largest grant was awarded to design
and develop an automatic tree planting system for commercial operation.
Other projects that received awards at
this time included:
• a process for removing biological phosphorus from sewage;
• a method of using satellite information to
study changes in forest growth and development;
• a process for developing hybrid microcircuit
products for high-frequency application
such as cable TV;
• manufacture of chemicals with large potential world sales in the pulping and dye-stuff
industries; and
• isolation and identification of the female
sex attractant (pheromone) of the voracious
winter moth which has caused so much
damage to tree foliage in the Victoria
Research Competition Number ThreeB
The third research competition awarded
funds to thirty-seven research projects in
British Columbia universities and industry™
Among the successful applications was
one to pursue studies of gallium arsenide
which has some advantage over silicone in
making integrated circuit chips for computers
and other solid state devices. Cominferf
produce the gallium arsenide at its metals
facility in Trail.
Awards were also made for:
• continuation of work on a new type ol
electrical battery that uses molybdenum
• a method of culturing salmon fry (at the
heart of the project is a container thai
houses the salmon fry while it floats on sea
water; microscopic food is brought td'the fry
by the action of the tides and currents]; and
• development of new technology (including c
fabricated soil plug for the growth ipf tree
seedlings, microwave electronic grading a
lumber, and a new method of repairing
large gears used in mining operations
within some of the province's key industries.
The Science Council would like to see c
higher proportion of the applications cominc
in from the private sector than is currently thi
case. To date, the majority have come fron
universities. The number of applications fron
industry has been increasing but|is stil
nowhere near the halfway mark. To reef
this, the Science Council plans to spend mon
time in contact with professional organiza
tions and at conferences explaining its r0
and outlining how it can help provide funds tc
broaden the industrial base of the province.
British Columbia Research Council
The BC Research Council is an independent, non-profit society incorporated
under the Society Act of British Columbia in 1944.
Role and Functions
The council was established to provide
facilities for the encouragement and promotion of technological research and services,
with particular application to the industrial development of the province of British Columbia.
The council consists of approximately 110
people, mainly resident in British Columbia,
who are interested in the advancement of science and technology in the province.
Since its inception, the council has operated a scientific, engineering and technical
laboratory facility, BC Research. This laboratory conducts research, development and
other technical work under contract to sponsors both in industry and government, as well
as carrying out its own in-house research on
new technical developments.
The management of BC Research is directed by a Board of Management and an
Executive Director. There are twenty-one
members on the Board of Management distributed among representatives of industry,
the provincial and federal governments, universities, labour, and the staff of BC Research.
Techwest Enterprises Ltd, a development
company incorporated in 1970 under the
British Columbia Companies Act, is a wholly
owned subsidiary of the British Columbia Research Council. It has its own board of directors and operates independently of the
council. Techwest's role is to move new tech
nological products developed by BC Research and other research groups into the
Projects and Achievements
In June 1979, the consulting firm of Philip
A. Lapp Ltd issued a report with recommendations for the future on the operation of BC
Research and Techwest Enterprises Ltd. One
of the recommendations was that the proving
cial government should make greater use ol
BC Research staff and facilities for the industrial development of the province. In accor-l
dance with this, the ministry provided initial
funding for the establishment of research into
fisheries technology at BC Research and, later
in 1979, initiated plans for research in eoalliJ
quefaction. The Lapp Report called for the]
establishment of a large, industrially oriented
program of research and development, with
the provincial government providing the core
The Fisheries Technology Program
The Fisheries Technology Program of BO
Research uses core funding to provide technical information services (TIS) and research foil
the processing sector of the British Columbia
fishing industry.
The TIS program is concerned within
nishing practical solutions to operating problems of individual processors. This is done by
responding to the specific questions of processors, and regular visits to operating plants
where matters such as quality protection, product handling and process operations are
discussed. In most cases, practical sugges-
The Fisheries Technology
Program provides technical
information services and
research lor the processing
sector of the British Columbia
fishing industry. Factors
influencing the quality of fish
products are examined to
determine where operating
practice can be modified to
minimize quality losses.
 British Columbia Research council
onflan be made, based on published infor-
\\am from various agencies throughout the
l/OT|which have worked for years in the sci-
ncejind engineering of fish processing. The
roejim maintains its own reference files, has
col; to computerized data retrieval sys-
Ismland has active liaison with other organi-
ati« in order to remain aware of new de-
elafients in the industry. Where necessary,
Desllized expertise is available from BC Re-
eaa! or from agencies such as the National
esatch Council.
Ssearch within the program is currently
|onwned with quality, residuals utilizations,
ndjie and shellfish processing. Topics are
viaed by an advisory committee with re-
reatation from industry, universities and
Buencing the quality of fish products are
|jch|ictors as processing, handling and dis-
ibu|)n systems, contamination, and chill
imaature control. A major part of the pro-
rarJs the examination of these factors in
rddjo determine where operating practice
3n-» modified, in order to minimize quality
isse! Wherever possible, this work is being
nrria out in operating plants, in cooperation
ith Impany personnel.
Residuals from fish processing are potentially usable protein. Work is underway to examine methods of recovering this protein under conditions where the distribution, quantity
and seasonal availability of residual material
does not favour fish meal production.
With roe products, important to the provincial fish product industry, methods are
being developed for the production of caviar
from local salmon, particularly from their
frozen roe.
Shellfish are a renewable resource which
could be greatly expanded in British Columbia. Working with industry, the council is examining various problems in shellfish processing. This research will be important in future
years, as production increases.
Other research activities in aquaculture,
particularly the potential for sea-ranching of
salmon, have taken place, and council has
applied for patents on a novel process to prevent the formation of curd in canned salmon.
All information from the core-funded program is freely available to interested parties.
The program publishes progress reports,
technical reports, and a series of industry reports, highlighting findings that may have immediate practical application.
British Columbia Research council
Coal Liquefaction Program
Coal studies in BC Research are supported by both core funds and industrial
The principal objective of the core-funded
coal program is to provide sufficient technical
data to identify and evaluate coal conversion
opportunities in British Columbia. A significant
secondary objective is development within the
province of scientific and engineering expertise to support industrial initiatives in coal
An initial commitment of core funds for
coal conversion was made in December
1979, to cover equipment acquisitions and
staff recruiting. The coal conversion program
was formally established in April 1980.
A group consisting of a manager and
three senior scientists and engineers, supported by four technologists, was assembled
and immediately began work aimed at
achieving the overall objectives of the program. During the first nine months, the group
has established contact with both government
and industry groups working in coal liquefaction in Canada and abroad, assembled and
tested the equipment necessary for batch
tests, established necessary analytical techniques, arranged for suitable samples of British
Columbia coal, and begun test work to develop knowledge concerning liquefaction
By the end of the first year, a total of forty-
five samples from eighteen coal deposits will
have been examined, representing both cok
ing and thermal coals from all thel
areas in the province. Results indicated
bituminous coals with high volatile mattei
contents are likely to give high total liquic
yield with a relatively high fraction of "nHH
the product slate.
In addition to the survey work aimed a
identifying coals and coal types with gooc
conversion potential, experimental procedures have been established to determine the
quality of liquid products and solid residues
Experimental work on refining coal liquids tc
motor fuels and petrochemical products i<
scheduled for the second year of the program. Plans and specifications have beer
completed for a continuous liquefaction uni
to provide bulk samples of coal liquids fd|
these studies.
Cooperative projects have been set up
with three university coal research groups
and the results of these joint studies will font
a significant part of the overall pfograrr
Information on core-funded studies i:
freely available to interested parties. Sum
mary reports on specific coals are submitter
to companies providing the samples. Progres:
reports are distributed to industry and govern
ment to increase knowledge of coal liquefac
tion technology and opportunities.
Staff of the coal program have also beeri
involved in projects on the fluidized bed com
bustion of coal-lime-stone mixtures, and the
removal of frozen coal from railcarsat the
Roberts Bank coal port.
The crushed, sieved coal is heated under press
in an autoclave. (Opposite pac
Dry, ash-free coal
... is crushed and ... pressurized with
sieved, placed in an      hydrogen and heat,
... vibrated at a
controlled temper-
ntm-efnrn defined
•£-,.~ -.3.*?!
.   S' .. .
-    ■--   ■
The Discovery Foundation was established by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, and later transferred to the Ministry of Universities, Science
and Communications. It is a registered society
in the province, with articles of incorporation
requiring an annual statement of its affairs to
the Minister of Finance, and to the Auditor-
General of British Columbia, who may also
inspect the financial records at any time.
Role and Functions
The function of the Discover/ Foundation
is to encourage establishment and growth of
scientific, technological and industrial research and skills in British Columbia, with application to both local and world markets, in
an attempt to broaden and strengthen the
province's economic base.
Projects and Achievements
Discovery Parks Inc
To achieve the development of research
parks and facilities, Discovery Parks Inc, a
wholly owned subsidiary of Discovery Foundation, was formed. Through initial capital
funding provided by Discovery Foundation
from the provincial government, Discovery
Parks Inc undertakes to design and create
world technology research parks adjacent to
Members of the Discovery Foundatiol
Board of Trustees:
MacDonald  Detlwiler and Associates Ltd.
HON.  PATRICK L.  McGEER, Minister of Universities^
Science and Communications.
H.E. PETCH, President and Vice-Chancellor, UniSsiK, J
K.G. PEDERSEN, President, Simon Fraser Universil^B
D.T. KENNY, President, University of British ColumH
D.  BROUSSON, Director, Continuing EducationwBritisI
Columbia Institute of Technology.
G. HOBBS, President, Cominco Limited.
NORMAN KEEVIL, JR., President, TECK CorporatioMi
ALLAN CRAWFORD,  President, Anatek Electronic
TOM RUST, President and Chief Operations Office!
Crown Zellerbach Paper Company Ltd.
principal educational centres in the province.
These research parks are designed to:
• stimulate development of high technSog
industries within the province;
• encourage the growth of research and da
• promote an interaction between tenants a
research parks and the students and faculn
in adjacent learning institutions;
• provide employment opportunities for grad
uate students; and
• provide a bridge between scientific iGMb]
irid industrial application of high tech-
ajeneral, the following criteria form the
Jsiaor approval of organizations wishing to
keldvantage of locations in research
petitions in research parks must be pri-
tial/ concerned with research and tech-
jsJrch or technology related to products
eaped for the destruction of human life
'illlst be permitted;
roict manufacture or assembly shall be
|nltl to prototype development;
laplants will be permitted in which pro-
psls planned for use and production else-
haji can be tested; and
nlliuisance-free, clean operations will be
Tb designs of buildings and facilities take
t dlrount the special requirements of firms
pel king scientific and technological re-
rc|:ind development.
Fads have been provided by the ministry
thldevelopment of infrastructure on sites
hqjritish Columbia Institute of Technology
ITlSimon Fraser University (SFU), Univer-
dBritish Columbia (UBC) and University
|/ic|'ia (UVic). At BCIT, a multi-tenant facil
ity is being built. This facility will provide small
and medium-sized firms with leasable office
and/or laboratory space in a community of
research and development. It is planned that
larger tenants will occupy specially designed
buildings in clusters around the multi-tenant
The first two tenants of research parks are
Microtel Pacific Research Ltd at the SFU site,
and MacMillan Bloedel Ltd at the BCIT site.
Both of these tenants will be established by
the end of 1982. Other tenants will be encouraged to lease space and occupy research parks as servicing is provided.
The Future
Discovery Foundation will work towards
broadening and strengthening the economic
base of the province of British Columbia. It
will do this by encouraging development of
high technology industry and other economic
activity where a large proportion of the value
added comes from the use of scientific and
technical knowledge and skills. This will help
diversify the economy of the province, and
provide opportunities within British Columbia
for young people who, up until now, have
had to choose between leaving the province
and taking up occupations less suitable to
their talents.
This division is comprised of two principal
branches: the Telecommunications Services Branch, and the Communications
System Development and Regulations Branch.
The division's responsibilities are to advise
the government on communications technology, attend to what is generally referred to as
the "public interest" aspects of the government's involvement with communications, and
furnish the communications facilities required
by government and its 50 000 employees in
order to conduct government business. In addition, the division provides the engineering
and designing of systems to satisfy spefiGl-
ized needs.
Prior to the formation of the Ministry of
Universities, Science and CommuniSyhns
in November 1979, the division was within
the Ministry of Transportation, Comraffien-[
tions and Highways. This report covers
the two-year period from April 1, 1979 to
March 31,1981.
e Telecommunications Services Branch
ar : onsists of a team of specialists and
:B |>perators of telephone systems, data
nmlinications, radio systems and auxiliary
omwnications such as paging systems, in-
■jraife, and public address systems.
toieand Functions
71; branch, employing approximately
0 J^ple, acts as a central agency of
lovliment, managing and operating
heJata, radio, telephone, and other
Dmfjnications systems required by all
intiftColumbia government offices and
Ts:phone and data com-
iunJ3tions equipment is
xism from such companies
*$ BiTel, Prince Rupert Telethon System, and CNCP
erelmmunications. These
omJiies are responsible for
qu,tjlent maintenance and
epdj  while branch staff
peri;s and manages sys-
3m Jitchboards in Victoria,
andjjver,  Prince George,
ind imloops. A provincial government mes-
ageljntre in the Douglas Building in Victoria
rovils telex and facsimile communications
x gJernment offices to and from anywhere
i thelorld.
fl centre's equipment includes 487 net-
.'orkircuits, 250 private branch exchanges,
3 Q]t private branch exchange stations,
@j| seven-digit sets and 13 000 multi-line
ets.ilnnecting government offices with one
motif- and with other public and govern-
"lentJstworks in British Columbia, Canada,
rod «er countries.
Af >ther communication equipment is pur-
hasfl engineered, installed and maintained
>f:tU branch, including radio communica-
onslr such agencies as BC Building Cor-
[Orali (BCBC), the Coordinated Law En-
arcelint Unit (CLEU), isolated forest work
drnJof Corrections Branch, and the Parks
Irartl Provincial Fire Marshall, and Sheriff
ferlTcii. This also includes auxiliary commun
ications for provincial courthouses, prisons
and health centres.
Telephone Service Orders
The number of telephone service orders
processed by the telephone systems division
continues to increase. During 1979-80, a total
of 3 335 service orders were placed with BC
Tel, Prince Rupert Telephone and CNCP Telecommunications. This was an increase of
306 service orders over the previous year,
resulting in an increase to 8 470 of individual accounts being managed. The total telephone bill for the year was
$16 091628.
The number of telephone
service orders during 1980-81
was 2 993. This amounted to
342 fewer than the previous
year. The reduction is due to
the BC Tel labour dispute and
will produce a substantial
carry-over of telephone installation activity in the 1981-82
fiscal year. In spite of this
reduction in activity, the total
telephone costs for the
year amounted to over $17.5
Government Message Centre
The Government Message Centre continues to provide efficient message service for
all ministries in Victoria, with a ten percent increase in the volume of traffic over each of
the past two years. In addition, 357 data
communications orders were placed with private companies.
BC Ambulance Service
During 1979-80, a major portion of the BC
Ambulance Service province-wide radio system was established, allowing the dispatching
of ambulances on a regional basis in the
Northern, Central Interior, Cariboo and
Okanagan regions.
Radio Systems
The branch manages approximately 3 000
radio licences covering government equip-
ment, as required by the Federal Department
of Communications. Checking and revision as
stipulated is being undertaken in conjunction
with establishment of an equipment inventory
for future maintenance purposes.
Approximately twenty-five new and revised licence applications are made each
There is also ongoing addition and upgrading of radio equipment and systems for
such agencies as the Sheriff Services, Fish and
Wildlife, the Parks Branch and Corrections
Branch. This activity involves procurement and
installation of mobile and portable radio
repeater equipment and local radio base
During 1979-80, some 200 additional
mobile and portable radios were provided to
government agencies. A quarter of these units
were special multi-channel wide-band radios,
which allow the users the flexibility of operation on BC Tel and logging company frequencies in addition to their own private channel.
During 1980-81, installation specifications
for repeaters at Bear Mountain, Tabor Mountain, Mount Bruce, and four local central base
stations in the Fraser Valley were drafted.
As well, installation of Digital Scrambler
radio systems was begun, for security purposes for the Coordinated Law Enforcement
Unit agency (CLEU). These systems, to serve
the Vancouver and Victoria areas, employ
coded digital voice radio transmission, pro
viding tactical-level security during field
A unique multiple antenna radio repeater
system was engineered and installed for Bel
Buildings Corporation in the new Robson
Square complex in Vancouver, because thJ
large amount of reinforced concretely'the]
structure caused poor transmission within the]
Auxiliary Communications Systems
A sophisticated computer-directed electronic sound, visual and animation productior
control system was installed in the Provincia
Museum. This will greatly increase the useful
ness of the museum and the enjoyment of the
many hundreds of thousands of visitors from
inside and outside the province.
As well, several sound reinforcement anq
paging systems were established in law
courts and health centres throughout the pro]
vince, including northern and central interio
health centres and the Victoria Law Courts.
During the fiscal year, some twenty-five
projects for auxiliary communications systems
were in various stages of engineering, procurement and installation. These will provide
intercom, sound reinforcement, public ad
dress and miscellaneous auxiliary systems ir
courthouses, correctional institutes andhealtf
centres. Typical examples include soujHjrein
forcement for the Terrace and Campbell Rivei
courthouses, witness paging and securinc
During the fiscal year, twenty-five auxiliary
communications systems were in various stages
of engineering, procurement, and installation.
The Provincial Museum's computer-directed
electronic sound, visual and animation production
control system contributes greatly to the enjoyment
of visitors.
 rrjrstj !s, an intercom system for Lakeside
-iitm |tional Institute, and public address sys-
• md::
r health centres in Kelowna and Delta.
|e the day-to-day telecommunications
ments of the provincial government
I agencies is the first order of business
.or til branch, it is also essential that ade-
;|uatiprovision be made for both short- and
"jfrn telecommunications requirements.
1979-80, virtually all activities within
ie flinch were designed for the implemen-
*utiol)f Netcom, which was to take place on
fepJfiber 30, 1980. Netcom, planned for the
jistrlcade, is a discounted rate for govern-
menrlalls placed over the public long-dis-
anclietwork. It was negotiated with BC Tel,
sndle contract was signed in December
976|t was to involve the virtual elimination
)f thj;xisting extensive network of equipment
sasef from BC Tel throughout the province.
d::B|ember 1979, CRTC advised that they
fcvereiot prepared to permit BC Tel to offer
pletdji) to the provincial government unless it
vasijjo willing to offer it to the public. After
ourriDnths of negotiations among this min-
BtfyJ C Tel and CRTC, BC Tel advised in
April i980 that it was not prepared to re-
jppl: o the CRTC with a revised version of
*leta i and furnish the supporting documen-
lutioi equired by the CRTC. One of the cur-
pentrl eblems is that the government's pre-
entA -twork, in anticipation of Netcom, has
seen illowed to deteriorate both in quality
and quantity in order that economies could
be realized within both the government and
Recurring labour problems within BC Tel,
particularly a strike in February of this year,
have emphasized the necessity for government telephone facilities to be removed as
far as possible from such disruptions. Netcom was finally abandoned and, in April
1980, the ministry began to plan a whole new
communications system for the provincial
The Future
The new government network, called the
Provincial Government Network Project Plan,
will make use of the latest technology, yet will
be flexible enough to incorporate new developments in computerized telecommunications
technology as they are produced. The three
principal planning groups are branch staff, a
large team from BC Tel, and Consultec
Canada, a consulting firm from Vancouver.
The first quarter of 1983 is the target date for
the first phase of the project.
A five-year project schedule will be laid
out in final form during 1981-82. The possibilities of this project are turning out to be far
greater and more exciting than originally expected and it is now a challenge which has
captured the collective imagination of the
participating groups.
The Communications System Development and Regulation Branch consists of
administration, system development
and regulation staff, including engineers, accountants, economists, policy analysts and research officers.
Role and Functions
The function of the Communications System Development and Regulation Branch is to
advance and protect the public interests of
the provincial government's involvement in
telecommunications. This includes development of telecommunications policy for British
Columbia and the implementation of extended and improved telecommunications
services throughout the province.
Since most communications services in British Columbia are currently under federal
jurisdiction, many of the
branch's activities involve
federal-provincial negotiations and consultation, and
appearances and submissions to the federal regulatory
agency, the Canadian Radio-
Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC).
The branch is divided into two sections:
system development and regulation. The regulation section is primarily concerned with the
activities of the British Columbia Telephone
Company and other carriers. The section is
responsible, on behalf of the government of
British Columbia, for analysing the implications of and preparing interventions on applications brought before the CRTC and other
regulatory agencies such as the new BC Utilities Commission. The purpose of such interventions is to scrutinize the material which the
company advances to support its case, and
bring to the attention of the commission any
concerns the government may have. Branch
personnel work with counsel from the Ministry
of the Attorney General to prepare the government's case and advise counsel during
commission hearings. The regulation section
is also responsible for work which requires
expertise in regulatory practice, such as co
plaints from the public regarding service ren
dered by carriers. The emphasis of the systen
development section is on policy develop
ment and federal-provincial consultatior
While a functional separation exists, there i
close cooperation on shared responsibifSl I
Projects and Achievements
The British Columbia Telephone Compan
is currently regulated by the CRTC. In Feb
ruary 1979, BC Tel applied to the CRTC to ac
quire the manufacturing concern, GTE Autol
matic Electric (Canada) Lti
and its subsidiary, GTE Leri
kurt Electric (Canada) Lto]
through a share transfer wit
GTE International Inc, anotha
subsidiary of BC Tel's U
parent. Branch staff preparei
interrogatories for the publ
hearings which took place i
June 1979. In its final argu
ment, the province maintained
that the acquisition coulJ
have important benefits fd
manufacturing in the province
provided certain condition
were met. CRTC approved BC Tel's applica
tion in September 1979, adopting the condi
tions advanced by the province.
On March 24, 1980, BCTel applied to thi
CRTC for an increase in all its rates to be ef
fective December 1980. The application pro
posed an increase of approximately 12.5 per
cent for residence service and fifteen tc
twenty-five percent for individual line anc
other business services, plus other miscellan
eous increases. Regional hearings were hek
in Vernon, Cranbrook, Victoria, Vancouve
and Dawson Creek. The central hearing o
Vancouver during the fall of 1980 lasted forty
two days.
Staff attended the proceedings, cross
examined company witnesses, and submitter
arguments. While acknowledging that sorro
increases were necessary to assist the com
pany in its construction plans, the provincic
government indicated that the company
request could be appreciably reduced
jTsei appropriate adjustments.
TiTHi CRTC decision in February 1981 ap-
rovalBC Tel's application for a general rate
. crecs, but also imposed conditions on the
.:>mrJiy for improvements in the quality of
zprvnl in specific areas. The decision also
iyovid directives to the company regarding
nuiDer of issues requiring further study.
■affi; participating in committee work with
e (jTC and BC Tel to review the com-
:3nyJ:onstruction plans and its performance
imftving the quality of service.
iJbly 1979, BC Tel filed an application
"ith >m CRTC to increase rates for marine,
ndJnd air mobile radio-
?leplne service. Following
<n   iilensive  analysis   of
ie ajDlication, the branch
jqujted  that the CRTC
Dldliblic hearings. Subse-
ijerrl the CRTC held hearts 1 Williams Lake, Kam-
-opslnd Vancouver. Branch
affstended the hearings
>nd qjeared with counsel at
e rfl in hearing in Van-
Buvel In its submission, the
sandjargued that there was
d oliction to BC Tel receiv-
:g-qripensatory revenue from radiotele-
nonJjervice, but that the approach pro-
osedtay the company lacked sensitivity to
jbsa>er needs and should be reconsid-
'ed.lie commission decision of November
2, 191) authorized a relatively small increase
rata rather than the amount requested by
;TrctflCanada Telephone
Thdoranch has been actively involved in
>e-CjjC Inter-regulatory Committee, which
asemded by the commission, to examine
nd -«Timent on a commission-sponsored
uayMincerning toll settlements and divisions
' fSHiues among members of the Trans
■Telephone System (TCTS). Branch
Cipeared at CRTC public hearings
■* in the spring of 1980 to review the
• ad the settlement plan.
argument made to the commission
emphasized that certain deficiencies in the Revenue Settlement Plan (RSP) could operate to
the disadvantage of British Columbia subscribers, and that there was a need for a
TCTS message toll schedule (long-distance
charge) based on a specific plan as to rate
relationships and ideal rate structures, and a
firm set of objectives. The commission's decision has not been received to date.
CNCP Telecommunications
Early in 1978, branch staff attended the
hearings of the CRTC on the application of
CNCP Telecommunications to connect its
facilities with those of Bell
Canada in Ontario and
Quebec. The branch's attendance was important because
the decision would be a precedent for possible CNCP
connections with BC Tel. The
province argued in favour of
the application.
In May 1979, the commission announced its landmark
decision approving the CNCP
application. The decision cited
British Columbia's positions of
support in several instances.
The branch is continuing to study the CNCP -
Bell Canada connection, and also negotiations for a CNCP interconnection with BC Tel.
Prince Rupert Telephone
Staff participated in a three-member intergovernmental committee, under the sponsorship of the CRTC, to resolve a dispute over
toll rates in connection with the interchange of
telephone traffic between BC Tel and the independent telephone system of the City of
Prince Rupert. In its report to the commission,
the committee set out a new approach to determine the appropriate toll revenue share for
the city. In its decision, issued on November
9, 1979, the commission noted that this was
the first instance in which such an intergovernmental committee had been used to
deal with toll revenue settlements.
Other Telephone Matters
Staff have also been involved in analysing
and  preparing submissions on other telephone matters including:
• CRTC Quality of Service Inquiry;
• Bell Canada Construction Program Review;
• the application of Bell Canada for interconnection of network addressing terminals.
During the year, the branch received a
number of complaints about the telephone
services provided by BC Tel. While the primary responsibility for dealing with these complaints rests with the CRTC, the branch nevertheless provides assistance to residents of
British Columbia who seek resolution of service problems. BC Tel officials
have cooperated with branch
staff, and many cases have
been satisfactorily resolved.
Through this process, the
branch is able to obtain and
maintain a knowledge of service strengths and problem
areas, and have an understanding of why these problems exist.
Broadcasting and
In the spring and summer of 1979, the
branch made a submission to the CRTC on
the implications of changing the commission's
rules on cross-ownership between broadcasting entities and cable undertakings. The
reason for the submission was that the
CRTC's rules were not definitive and there
was a need to examine past decisions of the
CRTC in order to better clarify these rules. The
submission was necessitated by an application, filed with the CRTC on April 30, 1979, to
merge Western Broadcasting Company Ltd
(owner of British Columbia Television) with
Premier Communications Ltd.
The British Columbia government supported the application on the basis of its commitment to the retention of local ownership
and the creation of important research and
development and programming opportunities
on the west coast. The branch drew the commission's attention to the need for scrutiny of
the merger's effect on competition and the
need for assurances that the benefits beinc
claimed would be realized. A public hearinc
took place in Vancouver in June of that yea!
and on October 22, 1979, the CRTC isstfdit
decision denying the application.
Another application for cross-ownershii
which involved the branch was that made
the fall of 1979, when Canadian Cable
systems Ltd, of Toronto, offered to purchasi
the major shareholdings of Premier Communi
cations Ltd. The offer was accepted b
Premier management, and approval of thi
CRTC was then sought. Branch staff was ii]
in analysing the application in pre]
paration for public hearing
held in Vancouver in Ma
1980. British Columbia sub
mitted an Intervention be
cause of important ramifica
tions affecting the future of thi
cable television industry. Th
province viewed this applied
tion as aiding effective con
petition between the cabl
industry and the traditionr.
carrier, and competition
foreign markets. It was ap
proved by CRTC in July 1980.
Other Broadcasting Matters
Branch staff have carried out investiga
tions of complaints received regarding cablel
vision, radio and television services inj^fe pre
vince. A number of these complairaKhav
been satisfactorily resolved.
Communications Grants
The branch administers communication
grants which provide financial assistance t
communities seeking to improve communicc
tions services. Grants are directed toward
establishment of a first service, introduction c
a CBC service, assistance to construct corr
munity-owned facilities, establishment of
second service, and upgrading of community
owned facilities.
Over the past two years, cash granl
have been approved for the Atlin Broadcas
ing Society, the Haddington Reef Radi
Society at Alert Bay, the Lytton and Distrn
TV Society, the New Denver-Silverton Cc
Communications System Development and Regulation branch
'.era b TV Society, the Pavilion Lake TV Soci-
£yy tJ tl16 Chilliwack River Cablevision Co-
,-pen ve. At the present time, grant requests
:om le communities are being processed. In
:ddi h, staff assistance is being provided to
flirts ■ community associations with the pre-
ara in of grant applications, and sixteen
rami j.nity associations are being advised on
ie qrelopment of communications projects,
-relifltiary to a grant application.
iffia jnergency Telephone Number
:3Ti ! branch has been investigating the in-
zodi 'ion of a 911 emergency telephone
-umq on a province-wide basis. As part of
Planter-ministry Committee, staff have de-
slopli a draft plan for a 911 assistance pro-
rairlhe plan has been discussed and ex-
idodj during recent committee discussions.
"lanlTiunicipalities and regional govern-
lentsblso have indicated an interest in the
■se dl 11 emergency telephone numbers.
tltilis Commission
Alew commission, the British Columbia
■^ifitiaCommission, has taken over all regu-
rtor^ljpctions of the present British Columbia Eflrgy Commission. It has also assumed
Tetdfcommunications responsibilities of the
'lotaJZarrier Commission. While telecom-
nuniiwbns responsibilities were being held
y thlviotor Carrier Commission under the
eieatjimunications Utilities Act and Order-
i-Calcil 648 of February 19, 1974, pertinent
;aff;aties were carried out by the Systems
'evelfcment and Regulation Branch. As part
isthsduties for the Motor Carrier Commis-
on, ij:nch staff represented the province on
ie (Jiadian Association of Members of
■DbHJnlity Tribunals (CAMPUT) and actively
ctritiJtted in two CAMPUT staff sub-com-
litteeljn utility accounting and economics.
./yfl&r Carrier Commission responsibilities
hofiaj with approval of BC Tel's applica-
his mproved the BC Tel application to
lerg-IOkanagan Telephone Company with
CrilS and left the Motor Carrier Commis-
ion wn only those responsibilities involving
***© 3 of Prince Rupert Telephone System,
'henln February 1980, the Ministry of
?.ner<*u Mines and Petroleum Resources re
leased an energy policy statement in which
the government announced that it was establishing a new Utilities Commission. In addition, the statement noted that when regulatory
jurisdiction over BC Tel was transferred from
the federal government to the province, this
responsibility would fall to the new BC Utilities
Commission. The commission was established
by Bill 52, which was proclaimed on September 11, 1980. Branch staff are now providing
technical support on telecommunications reg-
Knowledge Network Of the West (KNOW)
Communications Authority
The Knowledge Network of the West
(KNOW) was established in 1980 to coordinate distance education and manage a
new educational communications delivery
system. The branch's involvement with what is
now KNOW began in December 1979, when
staff assisted the federal Department of Communications in installing, in British Columbia,
small satellite terminals carrying entertainment
and educational television programs as part
of the Anik B Direct Broadcast Satellite Experiment. The purpose of the branch's participation was to assist in obtaining distribution
facilities on the Anik B Communications Satellite and community cablevision.
The branch also joined the federal Department of Communications, CBC and BCTV
in experiments in the delivery of entertainment
programs to community televisions throughout
the province by sharing the use of the same
transporter (transmitter) used by KNOW.
The success of these experiments led to an
announcement in the November 1980 Throne
Speech of the extension of educational
(KNOW) and entertainment (CBC and BCTV)
television services throughout the province.
This expansion was to be managed by the
branch. At present, KNOW is available to
twenty-three regional colleges. Entertainment
programs are available in twenty communities, and it is envisaged that entertainment
and education programs will eventually be
available to 100 communities in the province.
This British Columbia programming is also
broadcast to fourteen sites in the Yukon and
Northwest Territories. The satellite earth terminals are located at isolated rural residences
Communications System Development and Regulation Branch
and camps, and in some locations are connected to small cable distribution systems and
community television transmitters. Valuable
experimental information has been obtained
in operating three television channels through
a single satellite transponder.
Federal-Provincial Relations
As the regulation and development of
telecommunications is divided between federal and provincial jurisdictions, the branch is
frequently required to attend federal-provincial and interprovincial conferences and to
maintain a working liaison with federal and
other provincial communications officials.
During the 1979 to 1981 reporting period,
the branch directly participated or assisted in
the following major conferences and working
• October 1979 - Federal-Provincial Ministers
of Communications Conference;
• November 1980 - Provincial Communications Ministers Conference (chaired by the
Minister of Universities, Science and Communications, Dr Patrick L. McGeer); and
• February 1981 - Provincial Communications
Ministers Conference (held at Quebec City).
Working groups:
• Competition and Industry Structure (established in 1979);
• Pay-Television;
• Cable Delegations; and
• Industrial Strategy.
The last three working groups are to re
port to the next federal-provincial commun
cations conference in 1981.
In January 1980, the CRTC announced th
formation of a federal-provincial committee fl
investigate the extension of television service]
to northern and remote communities. Th
branch prepared the submission expressin
the view of the provincial government. ■
The branch also participated in majo
high-level communications discussions durin
the constitutional talks of 1980.
The Future
A priority of the branch is to help chanc
the role of the residents of British Columbi
from that of mere consumers of commuffl
tions services to that of direct participatoP
various aspects of telecommunications. Inth
regard, efforts are directed to two areas.Tf
first is participation in, and support of tn
Knowledge Network of the West Commun
cations Authority. The second is working wi
other groups within the ministry and with oth
ministries, to encourage research and dew
opment, and electronics manufacturing ente
prises in British Columbia.
Small satellite terminals
carry KNOW programming
as part of the Anik B Direct
Broadcast Satellite Experiment.
:e 1980-81 was the ministry's first full
tar of operation, development of com-
iterized systems is still in the embryonic
lets and Achievements
I main emphasis was on financial in-
nn. In conjunction with the Ministn/ of
Bbn, the ministry implemented a series
I financial reports to facilitate financial
Bfement. A budget model, developed in
-,.), was used to assist the preparation
of the ministry's estimates for both  1980-81
and 1981-82.
A project has been started to place the
BC Metric Office's library holdings on the
provincial government's library catalogue system. A second project is addressing the projection and monitoring of debt-servicing
charges for university capital projects. A third
study is underway to determine systems requirements in the communications area of the
d.y.m. hurst
j.s. powell
m.f. Mcdowell
a.m. goldade
Policy Coordinator
Secretary to the Minister
Deputy Minister
Secretary to Deputy Minister
Director, Finance and
Assistant to the Director,
Finance and Administration
Secretary to Director,
Finance and Administration
Office Manager
Personnel Technician
Pay Clerk
Accounts Clerk
Auxiliary Employees
LK. MclNTOSH Accounts Clerk
K. SUNDERLAND Receptionist
CD. WELCH Courier
c Mcdonald
f.a. vitek
ADM, Universities
Director, University Programs
Consultant, University Affairs
Research Papers
Acting Secretary to ADM,
Executive Director, Capital
Projects, Universities
Colleges, and Institutes
Science Programs Analyst
Consultant, Alternative Fuels
(CNG) Project
Executive Director, Metric
Technical Coordinator
Public Information
Administrative Officer
Library Clerk
Secretary to Executive
H.J. PAGE ADM, Communications
BJ. WEST Secretary to ADM,
Common Carrier
Director, Telecommunication
Secretary to Director
Acting Secretary
Assistant Director,
Common Carrier
Manager, Planning
and Administration
Facilities Manager
Telecommunication Systems
Telecommunication Systems
Telecommunication Systems
Telecommunication Systems
Records Clerk
Toll Investigations Clerk
Directories Clerk
Auxiliary Employees
F. BALL Clerk
M. HARRIS Typist
Switchboard Office, Vancouver
Supervisor, Switchb
Assistant to Supervisor
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Opera to*
Switchboard Operator
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Operator
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
liary Employees
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operator
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Operaloi
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Opera to
Switchboard Operatoi
Switchboard Office, Kamloops
L.L. BEESON Supervisor
E. DAFOE Switchboard Operator
J.E. CARSON Switchboard Operator
liary Employees
Switchboard Operator
Switchboard Operator
Switchboard Office, Prince George
S.C. ADAM Supervisor
W.G. RYAN Switchboard Operator
J.B. HILMO Switchboard Operator
Auxiliary Employees
H.W. BUNTON Switchboard Operator
Switchboard Office, Victoria
M.N. RUSSELL Supervisor, Switchboard
E.R. LAMOUREUX Switchboard Operator
P BROWN Switchboard Operator
J.E VON SCHALLBURG Switchboard Operator3
AL BENT Switchboard Operator 3
tchboord Operator
'chboord Operator
Ichboard Operator
ichboord Operator
Ichboord Operator
ichboord Operator
tchboord Operator
ichboord Operator
tchboord Operator
ichboord Operator
ichboord Operator
tchboord Operator
Ichboord Operator
chboord Operator
chboord Operator
■chboord Operator
chboord Operator
chboord Operator
chboord Operator
chboord Operator
chboord Operator
chboord Operator
'chboord Operator
•chboord Operator
chboord Operator
Message Centre
8.M. HUTCHINSON     Supervisor    ]
R.E. SIREN Clerk
L. GRAY Clerk
Auxiliary Employees
Technical Services
Telecomm unicafions
Maintenance Manager
Com m u n ica tions Tedinioc
Maintenance Technician
Research Officer
Auxiliary Employees
J.F. GARDNER Commun.cationsTpii«
Director, System
Development and
Regulations Branch
Secretary to Director
Auxiliary Employet^R
System Development
EM. BYRNES Communications Engineer
P.J.A. HUNTER Communications Engineer
J.A. WHYBROW Economist
L.R. ALLEN Policy Anaiys^H
Assistant Director
Regulations Engineer
Economist   m
Research Office'


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