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Minister of Public Works REPORT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1963/64 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1965

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Minister of Public Works
  To Major-General the Honourable George Rai-
V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of the Department
of Public Works for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1964, in compliance with the
provisions of the Public Works Act.
Minister of Public Works.
Office of the Minister of Public Works,
Parliament Buildings, October 29, 1964.
  Report of the Deputy Min
Report of the Provincial Architect	
Report of the Senior Electrical Designer	
Report of the Civil and Structural Engineer	
Report of the Supervisor of Telephones	
Report of the Landscape Architect	
Report of the Construction and Maintenance Architect...
Report of the Mechanical Engineer	
Report of the Architect-Planner	
Report of the Inspector of Electrical Energy	
Report of the Chief Gas Inspector 	
Report of the Chief Inspector of Boilers and Pressure V<
Report of the Comptroller of Expenditure	
Tenders Received and Contracts Awarded	
. 16-19
. 20-22
. 27-28
. 29-30
. 33-35
  The Honourable W. N. Chant,
Minister of Public Works,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
SiR;—/ have the honour to submit for your consideration the Annual Report of
the Department for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1964.
Elsewhere in this Report will be found those of the heads of divisions. These
set out work accomplished and planned, tenders let and accepted, and Departmental
The cost-of-construction index continues to rise. Increased costs, both for
labour and materials, have accompanied the strong Provincial economy. In an
endeavour to offset these increases, at least in part, the Department is continually
seeking designs and materials which effect economies without sacrificing space or
quality. This is perhaps the most challenging task facing us.
Reaction to the sharp improvement in design of new Government buildings
indicates enthusiastic approval. The compliments have been most gratifying, many
of them coming, as they have, from past critics of lack-lustre architecture. Nowhere
can this trend be seen to better advantage than at the Burnaby Vocational and Technical School, where the work of six years ago can be compared with that of today.
I am pleased also to report that the standard of workmanship in construction is
very high. Close supervision, coupled with good plans and specifications, is producing a superior level of quality in public buildings.  This is as it should be.
Although by no means glamorous, or even very noticeable, maintenance of
buildings is becoming a major part of our work. Each new building must be kept
in a good state of repair, cleanliness, and order. It is not inconceivable that in time
the cost of this task will equal or surpass that of new construction. In this field the
Maintenance Division, fully and completely organized only four years ago, is most
adequately fulfilling its role. The improvement in appearance and repair of older
Government buildings amply demonstrates the value of this organization.
This has been a year of very hard work for the staff. Faced with a sharply
expanded building programme, they have responded cheerfully and willingly. The
results of their good work are apparent, and I would like to record my thanks
to them.
Deputy Minister.
Noah Webster defines the word "report" in this context as "a formal or
official account." This traditionally produces a sober document, be it governmental
or commercial in origin. It took about 25 centuries to adopt the Confucian philosophy that the eye is quicker to assimilate a picture than to digest the written word.
To some extent the format of the Annual Report has been modified this year
to enhance that philosophy with the introduction of coloured photographs.
Modern buildings designed by the Department of Public Works are not, for
the most part, as described by some critics—"drab concrete boxes with congoleum
floors." They are designed to be functional, economical, and attractive, and to
evidence discreet contemporary feeling in their architecture.
It is sincerely hoped that, after viewing the coloured photographs, readers of
the Report will study the purely factual matter in order to comprehend something
of the work of the Department.
It should be early recognized that the production of any Government building
is essentially a team effort initiated at a high echelon level and carried through by
seven principal participatory divisions. These are the Architectural, Structural,
Mechanical, Electrical, Landscaping, Planning (sites), and Construction and Maintenance. Each division's work is dependent on, and closely related to, each other
division's contribution.
The work of the Architectural Division, specifically dealt with in this phase of
the Report, falls into two principal categories: (1) Contracts that were let during
the fiscal year 1963/64, and (2) projects that were being researched and planned
during this same period.
Twenty-six principal capital contracts were let. Of these, 55 per cent were for
Vocational School and Institute of Technology projects, 34 per cent for six individual Government departments, and 11 per cent on general Government work.
Seven contracts of considerable importance may be singled out for brief
1. Vancouver—College of Education, University of British Columbia, Phase
2.—With the completion of the four-story Classroom Block and the seven-story
Faculty Office Block, having a gross floor area of 105,000 square feet, Phase 2 of
the work will be completed. The futufe and final phase is described in Category 2.
2. Vancouver—Jericho Hill School, Classroom Building, Industrial Arts and
Home Economics Building.—This facility of 62,000 square feet will provide well-
planned space for classrooms, a library, vocational instruction rooms, and play areas
for 240 inter-senior deaf and some blind boys. A fallout shelter will be provided
for all the occupants of the building.
3. Abbotsford—Animal Pathology Laboratory.—This building will be located
adjacent to the Trans-Canada Highway, and will provide laboratories for diagnosing
disease in live stock and poultry, and will be of considerable aid to farmers in the
Fraser Valley in the prevention of disease. The equipment and finishes of the building, occupying approximately 13,500 square feet, will be of the highest order, vastly
superior to the conditions under which such work has previously been carried out
at the University of British Columbia.
4. Oliver—New Government Offices.—This new building will accommodate,
in addition to a Magistrate's Court and adjacent offices, space for seven Government
departments. The gross area of the building will be 16,600 square feet, and it will
be located in a developing civic centre, with the new Federal post office immediately
5. Creston—New Highways Department Establishment.—A group of buildings designed for the repair, maintenance, and storage of Highways equipment.
There will be a large maintenance workshop, 144 by 61 feet, a four-bay equipment-
storage warehouse, and an oil-fuel store. This establishment will be of prime value
for such work as snow removal on the magnificent new Salmo-Creston (" Kootenay
Skyway") artery recently officially opened.
6. Haney—Allco Institution.—The first of a number of dormitory and ancillary facilities for alcoholics was designed for the Corrections Branch of the Attorney-
General's Department*
7. Quesnel—New Government Offices.—A primary contract was let relating
to land-clearing, foundation, and basement work to expedite the second and final
phase of construction. This handsome building will provide, in addition to an Assize
Court, accommodation for 11 Government departments. The gross area of the
building will be approximately 45,000 square feet. It will undoubtedly be the finest
building of its kind in the North Cariboo District.
Twenty-eight important projects were in the planning stage during the fiscal
year under review, primarily for seven Government departments.
Department of Mental Health
1. Essondale—North Lawn Building, Annex.—Preliminary programming and
planning were started for a medical clinic as a linked annex to the North Lawn
Building. It would provide added improved surgical and medical facilities, with 35
post-operative beds, an out-patient department, and substantial consolidation of
several vital hospital services.
2. Essondale—Hillside Building.—This building was designed to replace
premises previously destroyed by fire. It is planned to accommodate 60 active
patients, with dining and dayroom facilities.
3. Essondale—General Consideration of Garbage Handling and Disposal.—
A preliminary over-all study of this large and complex problem was inaugurated,
and considerable research was made by this Department, in collaboration with the
authorities concerned, into various new methods and techniques.
4. Essondale—East Lawn Building, Garbage Handling and Disposal.—Active
planning was commenced, based on the findings referred to above, with specific
attention being paid to the remodelling of the existing facilities in the kitchen and
disposal areas,
5. Essondale—Public Works Storage and Maintenance Building.—Continued
—'-g and development of the building were carried on in order to provide the
iiioAimdm facilities required for the considerable volume of maintenance work required at the Mental Hospital.
6. Colony Farm—New Scullery.—Plans were started for a new scullery with
modern equipment for processing and handling the considerable volume of vegetables used every day throughout the Mental Hospital. These facilities will bring
conditions to a more efficient level than has been possible hitherto.
7. Vernon—Dellview Hospital. — In order to provide better facilities and
equipment, a new boiler-house was designed to meet current and future needs at
the hospital.
8. Victoria—1904 Fort Street, Mental Health Centre.—A large apartment
house was purchased, and remodelling plans drawn up to provide a mental health
centre for the Victoria area for out-patient consultative work.
Attorney-General's Department
1. Prince George—Addition to Men's Gaol.—Remodelling plans were commenced to provide the existing gaol with additional accommodation and facilities for
36 prisoners in cells and 40 in dormitories. This addition will provide approximately
33,000 extra square feet of space.
2. Haney—Allco Institution.—Continued planning of the institution called
for the preparation of plans for two additional dormitories, similar to the prototype,
with planning of kitchen and stores facilities.
3. Oakalla Prison Farm—Westgate Building. — Extensive alterations were
planned to enlarge the scope of the Westgate Building.
4. B.C. General—Gaol Prototype.—Research was carried out in connection
with the design of a prototype gaol for construction as and where necessary in
various locations in the Province.
5. Vancouver Island—Men's Gaol.—The prototype gaol referred to above
was developed in detail for specific use on a site situated within easy access of both
the ferry terminals of Nanaimo and Victoria. The gaol is intended to house approximately 220 prisoners and about 75 staff.
Department of Education
1. Vancouver—University of British Columbia, College of Education, Phase
3.—Planning of the final building of the complex was started with the design of a
gymnasium-classroom building as an integral part of the teacher-training curriculum.
2. Burnaby—British Columbia Vocational School.—With the completion of
the new Administration Building in sight, plans were drawn up to convert the old
temporary Administration Building and No. 7 Building to other vocational uses.
3. Burnaby—British Columbia Institute of Technology, Dry-kiln.—An experimental dry-kiln was planned to enable studies to be made under different scientific
techniques of methods of kiln-drying lumber.
Department of Highways
1. Penticton—Department of Highways Establishment.—This establishment
was designed using the Creston buildings as prototypes, except for a small reduction
in size of the large maintenance-shop.
2. Langford—Department of Highways, Addition to Sign-shop.—Due to a
lack of working and storage space for fabricating and painting the ever-increasing
number of highway signs, an additional separate, but linked, building was planned.
Department of Recreation and Conservation
Bull River—Kootenay Fish Hatchery.—Following the completion of the civil
engineering aspects of the project consisting of the dam and allied water work, planning was started on the main hatchery and the ancillary external work.    When
completed, this project will be one of the most advanced of its kind in the West,
Provincial Secretary's Department
Jordan River—Emergency Storage Warehouse.—Planning was started on a
warehouse in which to pre-position medical supplies in case of a peace- or war-time
emergency. It will contain the basic elementary supplies needed for a 100-bed
As such it is the first building of its kind in British Columbia, and possibly
elsewhere in Canada. The project was undertaken in liaison with the Provincial
Secretary's Department and the Emergency Health Services Division of the Department of Health Services and Hospital Insurance.
1. Duncan—New Government Offices.—Preliminary negotiations were conducted with the City of Duncan with regard to the planning of new Government
offices on the site of a proposed new civic centre. The new buildings will provide
Courts and accommodation for nine Government departments. The gross area of
the buildings will approximate 27,000 square feet. These new structures will be
unique and striking in character, and will make an outstanding contribution to the
2. Fort Nelson—New Government Offices.—Plans were started for a relatively small new building to provide minimal space for 11 Government departments,
with provision for expansion at a later date. An Agency residence will also be
3. Ganges—New Government Offices.—A small new Government office building with a Magistrate's Court was planned for Saltspring Island administration. It
will accommodate three other Government departments. A unique feature of this
building will be all-electric heating. If this proves as successful from all standpoints
as confidently expected, it might well start a trend in certain other future Government
4. Kelowna—Additions to Government Offices.—A preliminary feasibility
study was made to ascertain how these offices could be expanded to meet the growing needs of the community.
5. Cranbrook—Additions to Government Offices.—Similar studies were made
and planning was commenced to enlarge the present building.
6. Deas Island—British Columbia Ferry Authority Establishment.—Plans
were started for the development of a maintenance establishment for Government
ferries. The first building planned was a large steel-frame structure to house various
types of fuels, lubricating-oils, and paint.
7. Vancouver—Addition to and Remodelling Pender Street Liquor Store.—
Extensive plans were commenced for remodelling the existing store for the Liquor
Control Board.   In addition, an area has been planned for a vending outlet for rarer
8. Victoria—New Museum.—Following extensive site tests and examination
of the site bounded by Government, Belleville, Douglas, and Elliot Streets, a Programme Committee was set up in February, 1964, composed of senior officials of
the Departments of Public Works, the Provincial Secretary, and Recreation and
Conservation. The task of this Committee was to formulate the over-all policy of
the Museum, its broad scope and space requirements—a task requiring a vast amount
of research, imagination, and planning.
 During the fiscal year under review, 23 projects for senior citizens housmg
were reviewed for the Provincial Secretary's Department. In the majority of cases,
detailed recommendations were made by the Department of Public Works for
improving planning and construction methods and for reducing costs.
Similar recommendations were made on behalf of the Lands Service for buildings to be constructed on the University of British Columbia Endowment Lands.
Working Group No. 5, Interdepartmental Emergency Planning Committee,
examined plans submitted by municipalities applying for construction grants for
civil defence measures.
It is fitting at this time to pay tribute to the late Brig. James F. A. Lister,
Provincial Civil Defence Co-ordinator. His unfailing courtesy and co-operation
made liaison between his department and Working Group No. 5 smooth and
working with him a sincere pleasure.
In summary, while the volume of work put out to tender was less than in the
preceding fiscal year, more planning on future projects was achieved. It would
appear that with the Province's expanding economy this Department's work in the
new fiscal year will be considerably amplified.
It is a pleasure, once again, to be able to report that all members of our staff
worked with energy and enthusiasm. Good co-operation was achieved with other
divisions, bearing in mind the liaison problems involved with the divisions occupying
six widely separated locations in Victoria and one in Vancouver.
For the value that tight liaison can be in expediting production, it is hoped
that in due course this situation will be remedied.
W. R. H. Curtis, M.R.A.I.C, A.R.I.B.A., A.N.Z.I.A..
Many interesting electrical projects were designed and undertaken by the
Electrical Design Division during the year.
We continued to carry out extensive electrical designs for many other Government departments in addition to our own Public Works projects.
One of the major projects completed for the Department of Highways this year
was the electrical design for the Port Mann Bridge. The complete lighting and
electrical design, including supervision of installation, was carried out by this
Division. A few points on this project are worthy of mention. The handrail lighting
system used on this bridge is the longest continuous installation of this type of
lighting in the world at this time. There are 1,701 handrail lighting fixtures, 174
lighting circuits, plus 14 auxiliary control circuits, and they are so designed that
not more than 240 feet of lighting on any one side will be out due to damage of
bridge railing. In the event of any one circuit failing, only every third fixture
up to a total of 10 units would be out of service. This would ensure that no portion
of the bridge would be in darkness unless by complete hydro failure. There are
over 12 miles of lighting-circuit wiring and over 3 miles of multi-conductor power
cable used on the installation. The entire lighting is controlled automatically by
photo-electric control. We, as a Public Works division, were proud to have had
the privilege, through the co-operation of our Deputy Minister, of carrying out the
lighting and electrical design on this major highway link.
A total of over 85 rewiring alterations and additions was designed and carried
out for the Construction and Maintenance Division during the year.
Electrical designs correlated with the Architectural Division saw the completion
of such units as the Oliver Government Building, Kelowna and Nelson Vocational
Schools, Cafeteria and Boiler-house of the British Columbia Institute of Technology
at Burnaby, and Phase 1 of AUco Infirmary at Haney. Other large projects still
under construction include Deas maintenance buildings, Highways establishments
at Penticton and Creston, Phase 2 of AUco Infirmary, Animal Pathology Unit at
Abbotsford, Jericho Hill Classroom and Arts Block, University of British Columbia
College of Education (Phase 2), Quesnel Government Building, and also weigh-
scale stations at Prince George and Hunter Creek.
It is interesting to note that we have just completed the design on the new
Ganges Government Building, which will be the first Government building which
will be equipped with all-electric heating. Each office will have its own thermostat
control, allowing the personal selection of temperatures in each individual office.
A master controlled thermostat will reduce the temperature to a low level after
working-hours and  automatically reset to normal temperature prior to work
A large number of electrical designs were also carried out for Departments of
Education, Recreation and Conservation, Commercial Transport, and Highways,
and the British Columbia Ferry Authority.
We have continued to work with the Supervisor of Telephones and the British
Columbia Telephone Company in design of cable installation and co-ordinated
work. These installations are continually changing in order to keep pace with
Government expansion.
Technical advice and guidance were given to the electrical maintenance staffs
throughout the year. The co-operation and co-ordination extended by the Architectural, Construction and Maintenance, Mechanical, and Structural staffs have been
Difficulty is being experienced in maintaining staff requirements due to large
demand in the outside field.
Our thanks to the various departments mentioned, who gave us their utmost
co-operation during the carrying-out of their projects.
J. R. Walker,
Senior Electrical Designer.
The past year was a continuation of the high level of design and c
activity experienced during the previous year. Among the more important buildings
designed were the Oliver Courthouse, Jericho Hill complex in Vancouver, vocational
schools, and many others.
Many people do not realize the variation in design conditions which exist and
have to be taken into account in British Columbia. We are all aware of the geographical and climatic zones of British Columbia, varying from Prairie climate in
the Peace River area to the mild coastal climate of the Lower Mainland. This
extreme variation is not experienced in any of the other Canadian Provinces.
It can readily be appreciated that great care must be taken to evaluate all
materials for the area of the Province in which they are to be used. It is also
obvious that construction methods and materials suitable for one area will not be
suitable for another.
One of our greatest problems is winter construction in the colder areas of the
Province. Winter concreting techniques are quite well established and involve
keeping the concrete from freezing during its setting period and for approximately
three days after. After design strength is attained, no further protection is required.
The pouring of footings on ground liable to freezing is a much more difficult problem. It is apparent to anyone who has lived in a cold climate that ground will
expand when frozen, providing it contains some moisture. This is noticeable in
cracked and inclined sidewalks, walls, and some structures. It is for this reason
that foundations for buildings must go down below the influence of any frost action.
This safe depth can be as low as 9 feet in some areas of the Province. When
foundations are to be poured on areas of frozen ground, the ground must first be
excavated to a point below the zone of freezing. These excavated areas then have
to be protected from freezing until the freezing weather is over or heat is introduced
into a building, or the ground backfilled up to original grade. The most awkward
buildings to protect are buildings with large basement areas, all of which must be
protected against freezing.
Protection against freezing is usually obtained by either (1) covering the
excavated areas with some form of insulation, such as sawdust, etc., or (2) erecting
a temporary covered structure over the area with some form of heating, or (3) a
combination of the above.
In addition to protecting footings from frost action, one must also protect
services such as water, drains, sewers, septic tanks, etc. Due to the latent heat in
sewage, sewers need not be buried as deep as water-mains. Sidewalks, curbs, road
foundations, etc., cannot obviously be carried below the frost-line, so one must try
to keep frost damage on these items to a minimum. This is usually done by drainage
and a sufficient depth of granular materials.
Our thanks go out to the various departments who assisted us during the year,
in particular the Topographic Division, Department of Lands, Forests, and Water
Resources, for survey work.
J. R. Simpson, B.Sc, A.M.I.C.E., Dip. Pub. Admin.,
Senior Structural Engineer.
" Those only deserve a monument who do not need ont."—Haz!itt.
This Division has, throughout the fiscal period under review, continued its
endeavour to equip all Government offices with sufficient communication to allow
efficient operation.
Since the Department of Public Works assumed responsibility for all telephones
for all departments, more complete control has been gradually and progressively
exercised. Many surveys of existing equipment have been made and are continuing.
Where equipment in excess of needs is found, revisions are made. Every single
request for extensions or additions to existing equipment receives the closest scrutiny,
and only that portion absolutely necessary installed.
The high cost to the people of this Province makes s
necessary. Not only are there new buildings and additions to
rates are continually receiving upward adjustment.
In the face of such increases it is not feasible to maintain the status quo, much
less reduce. Without the control mentioned, however, the increase would have
been much greater.
In addition to the foregoing, a great deal of effort has been put forward to raise
the level of efficiency of existing equipment. Results cannot be measured in terms
of dollars and cents, but we feel sure that the better use of telephone equipment
has sharply reduced the need for written communications, effecting substantial
reductions in letter-writing, in time, and in file space.
Long-distance calls continue to increase, but are carefully checked for unauthorized calls or calls of unnecessary length. Calls on a local level are on the increase,
and have been handled to the best of our ability with staff and switchboard equipment available.
New automatic switchboards were installed at the Nelson Courthouse and
Motor Vehicle-Motor Carrier offices, Vancouver. Proposed conversion to automatic for Pearson Tuberculosis and Polio Hospital, The Tranquille School, The
Woodlands School, and Oakalla Prison Farm were not completed as scheduled
in the interests of economy.
The continued growth of Government services has, with accelerated momentum, imposed greater pressure on our operators. We are indeed fortunate in having
such a high standard of employee. Without their training and ability they would
have been unable to put forward the extra effort required of them, much less
maintain the degree of courtesy and efficiency which has earned them such a high
We wish to thank all departments of Government for their patience and understanding, as well as for their co-operation in keeping communication services to
the minimum during the past fiscal year.
(Miss) R. E. Thompson,
Supervisor of Telephones.
In pursuing the objective of making Government properties lead the way in
the field of landscaping of public buildings, this Division has carried out further
extensive works during the fiscal year under review.
With projects such as the large vocational schools at Burnaby, Nanaimo,
Prince George, Kelowna, and Nelson, all now well on the way to completion, the
Division has endeavoured to obtain a more dynamic esthetic plant arrangement
in its relation to site-space form within the functional requirements of the projects.
Landscape architecture may be termed an involved art-science having two
distinct closely integrated branches of spatial design, which we may commonly term
as hard and soft landscape. Structural elements, designs in refined processed materials, are always physically apart by their own nature, yet we find that planting or
■ soft landscape " is seldom so isolated, and if so only by choice.
There is, however, another aspect of the branch of design that deals with plant
elements and spreads its effects over the structural forms of design governing their
selection and arrangement; this is maintenance. This Division is having to give
ever more serious thought to this aspect as the development of current projects grows.
Many Government properties throughout the Province have required extensive
remedial work, and this has been planned as a progressive programme. Courthouses
at Prince Rupert, Vanderhoof, Prince George, Kamloops, and elsewhere have received this attention, and the resulting improvement has brought many appreciative
compliments from members of the communities involved.
All the new and remedial work, of course, requires adequate maintenance if
the benefits are to be lasting ones.
Moreover, this governing area of maintenance is an important factor in the
selection, arrangement, and use of equipment and buildings, research and technology,
and the training of labour. All three of these are interdependent and highly important to the well-being and economical development of our aesthetic creations. Within
this area, qualified labour is one of the most diverse in quality and elusive in permanence, while being vital to the success of the work and yet the most difficult to obtain.
The Government has been in the forefront in assessing this condition and
advancing a method of relieving the condition by the technical training programme
toward establishing a horticultural worker of higher technical skill in all branches
of the field.
Fewer and fewer of the younger generation have been turning to horticulture,
and the seriousness of the home labour situation is well emphasized by the sharply
increasing number of foreign workers employed on the land.
Whether this is good or bad from the point of view of production is difficult to
decide at the present time, but that there should be a need for supplementing the
basic horticultural staff of skilled old-timers with foreign workers, who have to
accustom themselves to new techniques and new and various climatic conditions,
is not in itself an encouraging feature.
Horticulture is, at this period, in a state of flux and in an era of rapid change
in both modern training and usage.
Production costs are increasing in all fields of horticultural endeavour, thereby
causing a demand for more concentrated areas of production, greater mechanical
efficiency, and, therefore, much increased technical skill by operators in the labour
   PUBLIC WORKS REPORT, 1963/64 I 19
force to produce economic results; to achieve this we can spell the formula in one
This does not only apply to the field-worker, but covers the whole problem not
only within the larger commercial field, but in the landscape and research divisions
also, which have an ever-expanding amount of work to accomplish. The chemist,
the plant pathologist, and the engineer can do much to ensure a thriving horticultural
industry of the future, but a basic knowledge of plant husbandry will always rank
as the highest requirement for success.
To further this training and supply the basis for study of exotic tropical plants,
this Division has been able to erect two of the latest automatically controlled glass
houses, screened against insect damage, and with all fittings so constructed as to
harbour the minimum of disease-bearing spores.
We hope these houses will provide a stimulating field for instruction of both
the student and practitioner alike, especially in the sphere of unusual genera.
The 1963/64 fiscal year proved to 1
this Division in fulfilment of its dual role
sion of the Department.
During the period under review, the appointment of a Superintendent of Works
located at Prince George, for the purpose of supervising maintenance and building
management in that northern area of the Province, has proved to be the most significant development of our organization in this period.
This step has enabled us to eliminate many costly and time-consuming references to headquarters on matters which can be resolved more expediently and with
greater efficiency nearer their source of origin.
Throughout the year the headquarters component of this Division has inspected
buildings and property in all areas and, when required, prepared and supplied
specifications, drawings, technical and professional advice to our works zone
Upon completion of major additions to the Vocational School, Nanaimo, our
attention was directed toward improving and providing a consistently high standard
of maintenance to all buildings located upon Vancouver Island. This objective was
achieved by placing the responsibility for the daily supervision of maintenance upon
our Superintendent of Works in Victoria and the formation of Works Zone No. 1.
These and many other minor organizational changes became necessary in
order to keep abreast of our responsibility to provide maintenance service to an
ever-increasing number of new buildings.
One hundred and five specifications and drawings were prepared and contracts
let for all types of work by headquarters staff, in addition to those originating from
our five superintendents' works zones. A selection of contracts considered to be of
of a major nature is listed below:—
(1) Cranbrook Courthouse: Interior and exterior decoration.
(2) Prince Rupert Forestry Building: Renewal of floors and coverings, waterproofing of exterior masonry.
(3) Rossland Courthouse: Repairs to slate roofing, flashings, and the installation of insulation to eliminate condensation problems.
(4) Prince Rupert Courthouse: Restoration of exterior masonry and waterproofing.
(5) Fort St. John Courthouse:  Interior and exterior decoration and repairs.
(6) Fort St. John Courthouse: Finishing of basement for offices and use as
X-ray suite.
(7) Salmon Arm Courthouse: Remodelling basement accommodation vacated by R.C.M.P. for use of Motor-vehicle Testing Branch, also remodelling
Courtroom facilities,
(8) Kelowna Courthouse: Renewing bases and decorating interior of building.
(9) Rossland Courthouse: Interior decoration.
(10) Revelstoke Courthouse:   Interior decoration, exterior r
(11) Pouce Coupe Courthouse:  Interior decoration and repairs.
(12) Grand Forks Courthouse: Alterations to R.C.M.P. and Highways offices.
(13) Sundry renovations and redecoration of residences, lockups, institutions,
and other buildings*
In addition to this work, upon acquisition of the Rayleigh Army Camp from
the Department of National Defence, this Division surveyed the accommodation,
prepared plans and specifications for its conversion to a prison camp, and arranged
for the supervision and successful completion of the work under the direction of our
superintendent in the zone.
Plans and specifications were also prepared in this period to provide new toilet
and bathing facilities in the New Haven Borstal School, and have been supplied to
our local representative.
Conversion of accommodation at Nelson to provide testing-laboratory facilities
for use by the Department of Highways entailed preparation of plans and specifications and subsequent supervision of the work by this Division's personnel.
In pursuance of policy this Division continued to give service to various boards
and commissions. Drawings and specifications were prepared for ferry terminal
buildings at Long Harbour and Village Bay, also advice and professional aid were
rendered to the Right-of-way Division of the Department of Highways with reference to real estate in the Fraser Valley area. At the request of the Liquor Control
Board, property was inspected, specifications prepared for work, and a variety of
professional and consultant services given in respect to the buildings under the jurisdiction of the Board.
Throughout this year we have kept close liaison with our superintendents in
the five works zones, who, with their maintenance crews, have carried out a very
full and successful maintenance programme.
I would like at this time to express my appreciation for the help we have received from Government Agents, Highways personnel, and many others who have
acted on our behalf in the Interior.
The volume of construction in this period surpassed all totals previously
Despite this heavy programme, we were able to initiate improvements in our
method of operation in order to expedite the work and improve our function as a
co-ordinating body, in our opinion a very vital and exacting task when so many
people were directly and indirectly concerned with the construction of various
A study was made to ascertain the most useful type of testing equipment and
literature available for supply to our project inspectors, in order to supply them
with means to scientifically ensure that the materials and methods used in the construction of our projects meet specification requirements. In this respect, the specification section of the Design Division has been most helpful in providing data on
special finishes and samples of approved products for comparison by our inspectors
with material delivered on site.
Although there is a growing tendency to employ a greater number of specialists
to check various portions of building work under construction, I am convinced that,
with the exception of testing procedures requiring laboratory facilities, our field staff
is competent and capable of providing a very comprehensive inspection service.
The following major projects were under construction during this period, and
those projects inspected on completion and accepted from the general contractors
have been identified by the addition of the date of acceptance:—
(a) Nanaimo Vocational School—Administration Classroom and Cafeteria
(September, 1963).
(b) Burnaby Vocational School—Administration Building (November, 1963).
(c) Burnaby Vocational School—Cafeteria.
(d) British Columbia Institute of Technology (January, 1964).
(e) Nelson Vocational School (December, 1963).
(/)  University of British Columbia—College of Education, Phases 2 and 3.
(g) Kelowna Vocational School (September, 1963).
(h) Quesnel Courthouse—foundations and basement, Phase 1 (March, 1964).
(i) Jericho Hill School for the Deaf and the Blind—dormitory block (February, 1964).
(/)  Abbotsford Animal Pathology Building.
(k) Victoria University—Sciences Building (November, 1963).
(/)  Allco—Dormitory Unit No. 1.
(m) Conversion and renovation of Valleyview Nos. 1, 2, and 3 (February,
(n) E.H.S. and E.H.W. storage buildings, Jordan River.
(o) Random Poultry Testing Station—additions.
Throughout the year frequent conferences and active liaison were maintained
with the Mechanical, Electrical, and Structural Division, who, besides, aiding us
in the construction programme, have made valuable contributions in their respective
fields in designing replacement, modernization, and renovation to the services in
In conclusion I would like to convey my thanks t<
works force throughout this Province, who have, by their
of our works programme.
Stanley Lloyd, M.R.A.I.C, A.R.I.B.A., Dip. Pub. Admin.,
Senior Construction and Maintenance Architect.
14 f >Wm
"Some folks are like blisters—they don't show up until the work is finished."
Certain projects stand out above others. They need be neither large nor complicated. They stand out because of the ingenuity and finesse required to solve a
given problem. The designer obtains a great deal of satisfaction from them.
The practice water-tube steam boiler installed this year in the British Columbia
Institute of Technology in Burnaby is just such a project.
The boiler-house at the British Columbia Institute of Technology is more than
just another building housing heating units for the Institute. It is part of the heat
laboratory and machine-shop, all designed with the intention that every piece of
equipment will be used as a teaching instrument. This concept extends the heat
laboratory beyond its usual heat engines, calorimeters, and heat-exchangers, to
functional and operating equipment. It gives the student of thermodynamics an easy
transition from the laboratory apparatus to the practical operating equipment.
The heating-plant portion of the laboratory consists of three fire-tube hot-water
boilers of the modern packaged type. These are of Scotch marine design, fully controlled so that they tie in automatically with the heating requirements of the Institute.
There is also another fire-tube steam boiler of the same design and a water-tube
steam-generator. The fire-tube boilers demonstrate and contrast the different types
of boiler trim required for hot water or steam. The steam boilers supply the requirements of the Institute's laboratories and cafeteria.
Fuel for the plant is natural gas with oil as stand-by. Both a light fuel-oil and
a heavy fuel-oil are stored, so that students can observe the differences required in
handling of both.
Each boiler is fitted with dual fuel burners so arranged that either of the fuels
can be used upon a few minutes' notice.
But it is the water-tube steam-generator that is unique. It is a practical boiler
unit set up as a teaching unit. This little boiler, with an output of only 5,000 pounds
of steam an hour, has been set up with controls and instruments similar to a power
generating boiler of many, many times its capacity and size. In fact, the small size
created some of the space and arrangement problems. Further, it has the following
features incorporated into the control and instrument system which are not found
(a) All steps in starting up, operating, and shutting down the unit can be
manual or automatic, as the operator wishes.
(6) Each step must be " proven" prior to the next being initiated under either
manual or automatic operation.
(c) Each step will " fail safe."
(d) The instructor can set up a failure in any of the sequential steps so that
a student would have to determine the trouble before the next step can
be taken*
Students, under the watchful eye of the instructor, can start, operate, and close
down this unit with probably greater safety than that of driving a car along a
This little steam-generator is also instrumented so as to enable a full boiler test,
according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers boiler test code, to be
conducted.   Heat gains, heat losses, and efficiency can be determined at any operating level.
Hydraulic, electric, and electronic instruments have been used. They have been
mounted into three consoles grouped around the firing end of the generator. All
consoles are fully accessible from the back so that circuitry can be traced. One
console contains the indicating and recording instruments; the second, the indicating, proving, and safety interlocks; and the third, the control operators.
This little steam-generator should be a very great asset to the Institute of
Technology in demonstrating the fundamentals of steam generation and instrument
The demand for comfortable conditions, coupled with the increasing cost of
building space, requires building services space to be kept at a minimum. These
factors require the Division to do better planning.
The Division participated in most of the capital projects handled by the Department. In general, these have been the buildings required in the vocational-school
and university programmes, and are described elsewhere in the Departmental
Report. This Division accounts for approximately 17 per cent of the value of these
Some of the projects handled mainly by this Division are:—
Essondale—Provincial Mental Hospital: Underground steam and condensate
piping to North Lawn Building.
Tranquille—Boiler Plant:  (1) Renovations to piping and new ancillary equipment;  (2) new instrumentation and control system;   (3) new forced-
draught fans and wind boxes on Boilers Nos. 1 and 2.
Burnaby—Oakalla Prison Farm Boiler-house:   (1) Conversion from coal to
natural gas of Boilers Nos. 1 and 2; (2) new instruments and control
During the year a total of 54 projects was handled by the Division, of which
31 required the preparation of plans and specifications and the letting of contracts.
Another 15 involved the preparation of mechanical drawings and specifications for
other divisions of the Department to be incorporated into general contracts. Another eight projects required the planning and preparation of drawings and direction
of alteration and renovation work carried out by Departmental personnel.
During the year 13 field trips were made to the Lower Mainland, Okanagan,
Nelson, and Northern Island areas.
We would like to take this opportunity to thank the superintendents and the
chief engineers and their staffs for the co-operation shown to this Division during
the year.
W. E. Mills, B.A.Sc, P.Eng., Dip. Pub. Admin.,
Senior Mechanical Engineer.
" Only the coward wants to know his way."—Socrates.
The past year has been one of variety. With the sharply increased tempo
of Departmental work has come a corresponding increase in demand for this Division's services. Some plans brought to a conclusion have been highly successful;
others have presented problems and in some cases have brought disappointment.
The master plan prepared for Burnaby Vocational and Technical School is
beginning to be seen to advantage. This, and the very successful work of other
divisions, is something of which the Department may be justly proud. The complex
is certainly creating very favourable comment in Mainland circles.
The plan prepared in previous years for Oliver is now nearing completion.
Although limited in scope, this plan has been remarkable for the high degree of
co-operation from Federal and municipal governments. This plan has been a
" break-through " in intergovernmental relations.
Plans and contour models are being made of Crown lands at Colquitz. This
attractive area lends itself magnificently to the institutions planned for it.
Consequent on the decision to place the Museum and Archives complex on the
area now called the Civil Service parking-lot, supplemental reports and layouts had
to be prepared to meet the changed conditions. While the erection of this complex
does not defeat the " heart" of the precinct plan, which is the square to the south
of the Connaught Library, it will not alleviate the great need for adequate office
space. This grows steadily more acute as the result of normal departmental expansion. This deficiency is manifesting itself in the scattering of departments, with
our own worse than others, bringing with it a loss of efficiency. These conditions
will continue to deteriorate until relieved.
Under active consideration is a suggested layout at Kelowna for the integration
of Crown Provincial and municipal lands. This will require patient handling in
the initial stages, but, if implemented over a period of years, will fill a need in
the area.
The search for sites, in suitable locations, for Governmental buildings continues
unabated and with varied results. In this regard the Department is again indebted
to the Lands Service, Topographic Branch, for their expert assistance and
co-operation in carrying out survey works.
A survey of parking conditions at Essondale has been carried out over a
considerable period of time, and an analysis of their findings will be brought down
at a later date. The Division is indebted to the Town Planning School at the
University of British Columbia for excellent student help in carrying out this project.
Co-ordination of records with the Assessment Commissioner under the Municipalities Aid Amendment Act, 1963, continues as in the previous year. This Division
is also obligated to the Real Property Taxation Branch of the Finance Department
for its assistance in evaluations. Briefs have been prepared on possible advantageous exchange of properties in the Province, and a policy decision in agreement
has been handed down which will benefit those taking part.
A very significant event during the year was the purchase of lands in the downtown area of Vancouver as an intended site for future Law Courts expansion.
Worth-while time has been spent on urban renewal projects. Referring particularly to the Courthouse site at Duncan, it is important to stress that the excellent
co-operation of the City Council, their planning commission, and their technical
officers has enabled this Department to produce a radical solution designed to put
new heart into the downtown area.
Planning policies are intended to make life easier and more convenient by
developing in the right places and by improving standards. Nowhere in the world
are there greater opportunities than in British Columbia, and in this Province the
senior government should—to use our own Departmental slogan—lead, not follow.
This is what we are attempting to do. Our efforts are, nevertheless, only beginnings.
There is still much to learn and much to do.
" Ignorance is the cause of evil"-^Socrales.
W. D. Lougher-Goodey, M.T.P.I., M.T.P.I.C, M.I.F.L.A.,
M.A.S.P.O., F.I.L.A., A.I.Struct.E.,
A rchitect-Planner.
L-     M  1
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The Honourable Minister of Public Works has been pleased to appoint the
following members to the Board, effective January 1, 1964: N. V. Beech, electrical
r, representing the Vancouver Electrical Association; H. Reid, electrical
r, representing the Associated Electrical Contractors of British Columbia;
and J. Holdom, electrical inspector for the City of Vancouver, representing cities
and municipalities. Other members of the Board are L. Robson (Chairman), Chief
Inspector of Electrical Energy, and G. A. Harrower, Assistant Inspector of Electrical
Energy.   Ten meetings were held throughout the year.
The total number of certificates of competency in effect during the year was
as follows:—
Class A                                      218              Class PC
Class C                                      546                                                              —
Class PA                           56                    Total                           1
Class PR                                    80
al contractors' certificates of
olio wing results:—
Two hundred and fifty-five candidates for electric
competency were examined during the year, with the
61                     ^1
The total number of permits issued during the year was as follows:—
April, 1963 3,317 November, 1963 3,621
May, 1963 3,598 December, 1963 _    3,700
June, 1963 3,741 January, 1964     3,830
July, 1963 3,949 February, 1964     3,472
August, 1963 3,718 March, 1964 3,511
September, 1963   3,834 	
October, 1963 4,581 Total 44,872
Bridge River Valley (inspector from Richmond office)  52
Chilliwack  2,625
Courtenay   3,651
Cranbrook  2,223
Dawson Creek  2 295
 Gulf Islands (inspector from Richmond office)   97
Kelowna     - 2>055
Langley, Delta, and White Rock  - 2,166
Nanaimo .  — 2.613
Nelson _  -- 2,006
New Westminster (three inspectors)   - - 5,289
Penticton    2,750
Powell River  - 1.791
Prince George (two inspectors)  5,412
Prince Rupert .    2,739
Quesnel    -—- 1,988
Richmond (two inspectors)     4,076
Trail      1,891
Vernon    2,269
Victoria (three inspectors)  .  8,270
Total.   70,881
The Chief Inspector again represented the Province at meetings of the Canadian Standards Association. Two meetings of the Canadian Standards Association,
Approvals Council (Electrical), and two of the Canadian Electrical Code (Part I)
Committee were attended in June at the City of Quebec and in October at Toronto.
Opportunity was offered in June to inspect the laboratory facilities of the Canadian
Gas Association and the Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada. The purpose was
to give consideration to extended scope of these operations in so far as our requirements may demand.
A meeting of the Canadian Standards Association (Part III) Committee was
attended in Montreal, which coincided with the June visit. This Committee is
currently revising standards for overhead electric-line construction. When completed, it is hoped that this effort will be of immense value to the electric public
utility operations both in British Columbia and the rest of Canada.
The eighth edition of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, with minor amendment and additions was adopted as current regulations under the Electrical Energy
Inspection Act on July 23, 1963. In this connection we were able, with the assistance of the Provincial Fire Marshal's office and other interested parties, to prepare
and have put into effect the first comprehensive set of fire-alarm electrical requirements in Canada. This will now recognize acceptable practices and bring about
a satisfactory minimum standard for such systems.
The revised system inaugurated a year ago to set up improved facilities for
examination of special non-C.S.A.-approved equipment has proved its worth. The
number of applications received increased from 243 to 320, or approximately
33!4 per cent. It is expected this volume will continue to increase as the demand
for special electrical equipment increases.
The work of keeping electrical regulations generally up to date in connection
with new techniques, practices, and new materials is continuing.
The Branch assisted the Provincial Fire Marshal in conducting six examinations
for projectionists. The regulations covering such examinations provide that the
Inspector of Electrical Energy be a member of this Examining Board in company
with the Fire Marshal. In this connection, all fees arising from these examinations
accrue to the credit of the Fire Marshal's department.
During the year the Branch checked 969 applications for the erection of pole-
lines on Crown lands or Provincial highways. Recommendations on each application were forwarded to the Regional Engineer of the Department of Highways.
There were 18 accidents recorded during the year, and eight of these were fatal.
May I again express my appreciation for your splendid co-operation and
continued interest in our problems and to your Departmental staff for valuable
e rendered during the year.
L. Robson, P.Enc,
Chief Inspector of Electrical Energy.
The Regulations Governing the Installation of Gas Piping, Appliances, and
Venting were amended by Order in Council No. 1879, approved July 23, 1963.
The staff consists of the Chief Inspector, Assistant Chief Inspector, 17 Gas
Inspectors, one Senior Clerk (office manager), one Clerk 2, two Clerks 1, one Clerk-
Stenographer 3, one Clerk-Stenographer 2, plus one Clerk 1 in our Abbotsford
office and one Clerk 2 (half time) in our Victoria office.
Night schools were conducted in Vancouver, Burnaby, Abbotsford, and Victoria in the past year. The rate that natural-gas units have been activated in the
past year exceeded that of the year 1962/63, and all indications are that this rate
will be exceeded again in the coming year. It is expected that 1964 will be an exceptionally busy year for this Branch.
A new gas utility started operation in the Province. It is the Fort Nelson Gas
Company, which serves the Town of Fort Nelson.
During the year the Branch assumed the responsibility for the gas inspection
services in the City of Penticton and the Town of Fort St. John. All utilities made
extensions to their mains and services during the year.
During the fiscal year there was one death in the City of Prince George attributed to burns suffered as a result of a natural-gas explosion.
e'STcenSfl^nM           ~
The steady growth of industry h
load, which is 8.7 per cent higher, w
of 7.2 per cent over last year.
Dominant in the increase of our operations is the expansion programme in
the pulp-mills. Each of the eight plants using the black-liquor recovery process
have added or are installing an extra recovery boiler.
The advent of the high-rise apartments has brought about larger and more
complex heating plants, which are all automatic.
The accelerated programme established in 1961 for the training of young
men of Senior Matriculation calibre at Vancouver Vocational School continues to
prove a success.   All successful students are placed quickly in the larger plants.
Pressure-vessel welders are in demand. It is therefore most gratifying that
our new vocational schools are so well equipped to train men in this category.
The first step in this plan took place on November 1, 1963, when the Chief
Inspector was appointed to the position of Chief Engineer, with the task of preparing for co-ordination of the three inspection branches—Boilers and Pressure Vessels,
Electrical Energy, and Gas Inspection.
Structural changes were made in the offices to permit the office personnel
of the Boilers and Pressure Vessels Branch and the Gas Inspection Branch to work
jointly under a single office manager. New office procedures are gradually being
introduced, and plans are being made for new accounting methods.
The work on the revised edition of Regulations Respecting Stationary Engineers is nearing completion. Also under way is a revision of fees, a Mechanical
Refrigeration Code which embraces Canadian Standards B-52, and supplementary
regulations on compressed gas (propane).
During the year our workshops manufactured 24 steam boilers, 107 hot-water
boilers, and 1,433 pressure vessels.   Exported to other Provinces were 116 pressure
vessels, destined for the oilfields and refineries in Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Since their introduction to the pulp industry about 15 years ago, it has been
known that the black-liquor recovery boilers can be a hazard should the water in
the boiler come in contact with the smelt bed.
Following the two recovery-boiler explosions of last year, a committee was
formed consisting of the chief engineers of our eight recovery plants, with the
Chief Inspector as chairman. The purpose of this committee was to establish the
safest operating methods and a uniform shut-down drill for recovery boilers.
I 39
A liaison was established with the Black Liquor Recovery Boiler Advisory Committee in the United States, which is conducting extensive research into causes and
prevention of explosions in recovery boilers.
After two meetings of our own committee at headquarters, subsequent meetings were held on plant job sites, thus providing evidence to plant personnel that
efforts were being made to assist them in their operational problems. Every assistance has been rendered by the plant-owners in providing accommodation and
information and the release of their steam-plant chiefs with respect to the meetings.
Seven persons were killed and 12 injured in separate accidents to boilers and
pressure equipment, as follows:—
August 18, 1963, at Woodfibre, B.C.—A furnace explosion from accummu-
lated gases ruptured the water walls of black-liquor recovery boiler 51370-BC,
spilling water on the smelt bed, which in turn exploded, causing the death of seven
men.   With the exception of the drums, the boiler was destroyed.
September 9, 1963, at Richmond, B.C.—A liquid-oxygen line ruptured when
the oxygen came in contact with oil or grease.   One
September 30,1963, at Steveston, B.C.—A w.
overheated beyond repair due to low-water conditic
gence on the part of the engineer.
October 6,1963, at Elk Falls, B.C.—A smelt-v,
liquor recovery boiler 14493-BC.    A ruptured v
is injured,
r-tube boiler, 22793-BC, \
s explosion occurred:
r tube spilled
> negli-
i the
; injured.   Except for the drums, the boiler has to be
—An oxy-acetylene hose was
it oxygen tank.   In the
smelt bed.   Four persons Vv
November 15, 1963, at New Westminster, B.C.-
cut on a sharp object.   The gas ignited and heated a
resulting fire a welder suffered severe burns.
December 18,1963, at Burnaby, B.C.—An automatic package-type boiler was
badly damaged from a low-water condition due to defective controls.
Complete investigations were made of all these accidents, and full reports with
recommendations are on file.
D   '
jgJjfrjLr-**.-  **
,.itu>as lowest  bid... so what couW we do   /"
The following pages present in detail the expenditures relating to the con-
1, alteration, and repairs on the various Government buildings and institutions, etc., coming under the management, charge, and direction of the Minister of
Public Works.
A. E. Rhodes,
Comptroller of Expenditure.
Die 299—Safety  Inspection  Division,  Vancouver   (includes
Steam Boiler Inspection, and Electrical Energy Inspection
Gas   Insp
Less Credits
Repayable by commissions, boards, etc.—Rental Vote
ture by b
Dte 297—Construction of Provincial Buildings  (see expend
Less Federal Government contributions-
Project No. 23 l-B-4—Nanaimo Vocational School _
Project No. 401-B—Burnaby Institute of Technology
Project No! 312-B—Prince George Vocational Schoo
._      87
Net expenditure, Department of Public Works-
Allco Infirmary, Haney    .     .
Alberni—rewiring Government building
Bull River Fish Hatchery   ..
Colony Farm-
Repairs to piggery
Dellview Hospital, Vernon—fire-alarm sysT
Dellview Hospital, Vernon—replacement of
Sewage-disposal system 	
Landscaping, roads, parking, etc	
find staff changing-r
>oms        25,746.04
Garbage-handling and incinerator	
Industrial Therapy Building _	
Structural alterations 	
Renovations to Valley view Units 1, 2, and 3	
Fire-stairs, CentreLawn Building	
nges—purchase of property for Government office	
ney—development of grounds and irrigation system	
Jericho Hill
Kamloops Home for Aged—
Kamloops Central Heating Pis
Langford—addition to sign si
Prince George Gaol—securi
Prince Rupert Forestry Bui
Quesnel  Courthouse	
Rayleigh, B.C. (Prison Fan
Smithers—purchase of residence for District Engineer, Department of
Vancouver area—
Additions to Agriculture Testing Laboratory
ruction of
Woodlands School-
Education—Victoria University. Science Buildine
Burnaby Vocational School
Nelson Vocational School
Prince George Vocational Srhnnl
5 garage   (Grand  Forks-
Description of WcrR and Names of Tenderers
Amoun,       |      Remarks
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93.758.00   jAwarde
, 39^000.00
39 985 00   |
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