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FIFTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA 1927-28 BY THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1929]

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 PAET III.
APPENDICES.
  PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 121
APPENDIX A.
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1928.
The High School Entrance Examination was held on June 26th, 27th, and 28th at 191 centres
throughout the Province.
The number of pupils who were successful in obtaining certificates follows :■—
On recommendation   4,578
On examination   2,294
Total     6,872
The names of the winners of His Excellency the Governor-General's bronze medals are:—
District.
Name.
School.
Marks.
No.   1
441
No.   2
447
No.   3
436
No.   4
446
No.   5
Dorothy Alice Buchanan	
439
No.   6
Stuart Wood School, Kamioops	
424
No.   7
438
No.   8
414
No.   9
439
No. 10
429
HIGH SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY MATRICULATION EXAMINATIONS, 1928.
The following are the results of the June Examinations:—:
No. of
Candidates.
No. passed
in all
Subjects.
No. granted
Supple-
mentals.
No. granted
Partial
Standing.*
Grade IX                       	
480
298
347
2,133
135
431
109
31
54
209
126
141
1,130
90
74
128
7
20
108
57
74
479
29
40
26
25
97
Grade X                        	
71
Grade XI. (Normal Entrance)	
Grade XI. (Junior Matriculation)	
Grade XI. (Normal Entrance and Junior Matriculation)
Grade XII                                                     	
117
463
13
259
14
Third-year Household Science.....	
22
9
Totals	
4,078
1,925
838
1,065
* Candidates who fail to obtain the necessary aggregate mark are given credit for a pass standing in all
subjects in which they obtain 50 per cent, or more.
Supplemental Examinations were held at eleven centres during the week August 27th to
September 1st. At these examinations 338 were successful in completing Normal Entrance or
Junior Matriculation, and 27 Senior Matriculation standing.
The number of candidates sitting for Grades IX. and X. Examination is comparatively small
owing to the fact that in all the high schools the principals have the right to determine promotions in these grades. Students of these two grades who are granted supplementals or standing
in four or more subjects on the June Examinations, and satisfy their principal by oral or written
examinations given at the opening of school in September that they have gained a fair standard
of proficiency in the subjects in which they failed in June, may be promoted by the principal
to the next grade without further Departmental Examinations.
 V 122
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
His Excellency the Governor-General's silver medals which are awarded annually to the
five leading Junior Matriculation students have been won this year by the following:—
Name.
High School.
Percentage.
Helen Douglas Balloch.
John Dickson Moore	
Ralph Gower D. Moore
Nora Margaret Mains...
Kenneth Calvin Logan..
Duke of Connaught, New Westminster
South Burnaby	
Victoria	
Kitsilano, Vancouver	
Prince of Wales, Point Grey	
90.4
89.6
89.4
85.7
85.6
Helen Douglas Balloch was the winner of the Royal Institution Scholarship of $150 awarded
annually by the University of British Columbia to the student obtaining the highest marks in
the Junior Matriculation Examination.
The winners of the six Royal Institution Scholarships of $100 each which are awarded
annually to the six Matriculation students who obtain the highest standing in their respective
districts were:—■
District.
Name.
High School.
Percentage.
No.   1
89.4
No.   2
Mabel G. Humphreys	
Nora Margaret Mains _	
John Dickson Moore	
85.3
No    3
85.7
No.   4
89.6
No.   5
85.6
No.   6
84.0
The winner of the Royal Institution Scholarship of §150 awarded by the University of
British Columbia on the results of the Senior Matriculation Examination was David Carruthers
Murdoch, Kelowna High School.    He obtained 810 marks out of a possible 1,000.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 123
APPENDIX B.
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1928.
Arithmetic.
Part I.    (Time, 1 hour.)
[Note.—The questions in Part I. can be solved mentally, out candidates who find any of the
problems too difficult to perform mentally may work them out with pen and ink in the space
left at the bottom of the page. The answer to each question must be placed on the blank
to the right of the question.]
[All fractional parts of answers must be given in lowest terms.]
1. Write:  Answer. Value.
(a.) One million, one thousand, one, in figures.        1
(6.)  2047065.8, in words	
(c.)  1416 in Roman notation.
2. (a.) .3 + .05 =
(&.) 3 —.05 =
(c.) .3 X .05 =
{d.) 3-^.05 =
(e.)   Ys + Vz of »/,„ =
3. Find cost of :—
(a.) 3 doz. oranges at 4 oranges for 25c,
(6.) 6 lb. 12 oz. bacon at 40c. a lb.
(o.) 2 gallons of milk at 5c. a pint.
(d.) 2 gross buttons at 25c. a dozen.
4. What part of:—
(a.)  a rod is 2 yards?
(5.)  a metre is 5 centimetres?
(c.)  a fathom is 2 feet?
(d.)  a chain is 11 feet?
(e.)  5 sq. yards is 10 sq. feet?
(/.)  3 tons is 12 cwt?
5. Express :—■
(a.) y,0 as a decimal.
(6.) 69%% as a decimal.
(o.) 3V=o as a percentage.
(d.) .17 as a percentage.
(e.)  7iy7% as a common fraction.
(/.)  .018 as a common fraction.
6. (a.)  Write down the leap years between 1895 and 1906..
(6.)  How many days are there in the first three months of
the present year?
 V 124
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Answer. Value.
7. (a.)  A man started out to walk to a town 30 miles distant.
At noon he found that he had gone 11 miles and 995
yards.    How far had he to walk in the afternoon in
order to reach the town the same day ?    miles  yards     2
(6.)  At 16c. per square inch find the cost of an engraving
4% inches by 21/4 inches.        2
(c.)  The floor of a swimming-pool is round;  find its area if it
is 56 feet in diameter.   sq. feet      2
8. (a.)  I bought shares in an oil company at $120 each.    Find:—
(1.)  gain per cent, if I sell them at $150 each.   2
(2.)  loss per cent, if I sell them at §100 each.   2
(6.) A house valued at $6,000 is insured for 75% of its value.
Find the yearly premium at 2/3%.  2
9. A piece of 4" by 4" scantling is 18 ft. long.   Find:—
(a.)  how many board-feet it contains.        2
(6.)  how many cubic feet it contains.        2
(c.)  its value at $40 per M. board-feet.       2
10. Jones, Brown, and Smith started business as partners, investing
$2,000, $3,000, and $4,000, respectively. They agreed to
share their profits in proportion to their investments.    In
1921 their net gain was $4,500;   in 1922, $
1923, $7,200.    Find:—
(o.)  Jones' share of the net gain in 1921.
(6.)   Smith's share of the net gain in 1922.
(c.)  Brown's share of the net gain in 1923.
i,400;   and in
2
2
2
Part II. (Written Work).    (Time, 1% hours.)
Value.
8
[All the ivork must be shown.    One of the marks assigned to each problem will be given
for orderly arrangement.]
1. An aviator flew a distance of 1,195.6 miles in 12 hours, 12 minutes.    Find his average
speed per hour.
8 2. If ice weighs 57.5 pounds per cubic foot, find the weight of a rectangular block of ice
6 ft. 8 in. long, 5 ft. 3 in. wide, and 4 feet thick.
8 3. A square field has an area of 20,449 square yards. What will it cost to fence it at
$1.85 per rod?
8 4. A piece of property was assessed in 1922 at $6,400. The tax rate that year was
17.5 mills on the dollar. If the owner received a rebate of 7%% for prompt
payment, find the amount he had to pay as taxes on the property in 1922.
8 5. I bought a horse for $160 on August 15th, 1925, and I gave in payment my note
bearing interest at 7%%. On January 8th, 1926, I sold the horse for $200 and
paid the note.    What was my gain?
10 6. How many boxes of apples can a Regina grocer buy at Kelowna with $1,000, if the
price per box is $1.20 and he has to pay 10c. a box for cartage, 24c. a box for
freight, and 5% commission to a broker for buying?
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 125
Canadian History.    (Time, 1% hours.)
Value.
25        1. In each blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete:—
The history of British Columbia begins with the arrival of the great explorer,
Captain Cook, at in the
year     The chief object of his trip was to find a	
Ten years later another Englishman named	
 arrived and established a trading post at the same place.
This trader built the first vessel constructed on the coast and named it	
Thereafter many ships of many nations came to trade with the Indians and
to secure valuable furs—especially of the	
More than one hundred years before Cook's voyage, the Hudson's Bay Company was formed and established trading posts on the shores of	
     In   1784   the   North
West Company was formed to engage in trading in the region drained by the
Red, Saskatchewan, and Athabaska Rivers.    The two Companies extended
their operations westward.    In 1805 the North West Company sent	
 to explore the territory
along the .great river discovered by Mackenzie west of the Rockies.    After
establishing several trading posts, two of which were	
  and 	
in northern  British  Columbia,  he  followed  the river to  its mouth.     The
Columbia Riyer was explored by ,
who, after establishing several trading posts, one of which was	
 in the Southern Interior,
followed this river to its mouth, where he found the Americans had already
established a fort called	
This fort afterwards passed into the hands of the North West Company,
which for some time used the Columbia River as a route for its furs instead
of sending them overland to the main depot at Fort William on Lake
  Reckless competition brought the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company
to  the  verge   of  ruin.     It  was,  therefore,   decided  to   unite  in   the  year
 both Companies under the name of	
    The first Governor of the united
Company was ,
who conducted trade by economical methods that brought a long period of
prosperity.    The Company established new western headquarters at	
 under John
McLoughlin.    After the passing of the Oregon Treaty in 1846 the western
headquarters of the Company were moved to Fort ,
on Vancouver Island, with	
as Chief Factor.    In 1869 the	
acquired the rights of the Company in the North West and appointed	
 as Governor of
the territory.   From the land thus acquired have been formed the Provinces of
15
2. As a result of the American Revolution, Canada gained thousands of settlers known
as	
These were accustomed to English Law and an Assembly, so the British Parliament passed the Act in
1791, which gave the people	
Government.    Canada was divided into two provinces,	
 V 126 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
 and    Each
province was to have a Governor, an	
Council, a  Council appointed by the
Crown, and a	
elected by the people.    The right of voting was extended to both English and
French.   The Act was well meant but did not grant	
Government.   Its administration was hampered by the clash of the two races in
 Canada and by the attempt of the
Assemblies to get control of the	
The leaders of the opposition to this form of Government were	
 in Upper Canada
and in Lower
Canada.    They led a rebellion in the year , which was soon
crushed.   The British Government sent out	
to assume the Governorship and to report upon political conditions in Canada.
14       3. The boundaries of Canada are fixed by definite treaties.    In 1763 the Treaty of
 settled the New World
dispute between the British and	
Twenty years later, by the Treaty of	
a new nation of British stock was brought into being to the south called	
 and fresh disputes
over boundaries began.    A war with this nation beginning in the year	
and closed by the Treaty of Ghent left the boundaries unchanged.    The	
 Treaty in 1842 finally
settled the disputed territory between	
and Maine.    The Convention in 1818
and the Oregon Treaty in 1846 decided that the boundary between British and
American possessions in the west was to be the parallel.
Vancouver Island was to belong to the	
The question of the ownership of the neighbouring Island of	
 was left to the Emperor of Germany, who decided
that it should belong to	
The purchase of Alaska by the United States from	
in 1867 opened up a dispute as to the boundary between Canada and Alaska.
In 1903 the matter was referred to a Commission, which awarded the larger part
of the disputed territory to	
14       4. At the head of the Government of British Columbia is the Lieutenant-Governor, who
is appointed by the	
and acts in the name of the     He chooses as his advisers, men
who are called and who
constitute the , which is
responsible for its actions in office to the > ,
which consists of members elected by the people.    The Province is divided into
 districts, each of which is represented in the
Legislature by one or more members.    At the head of the department which looks
after the schools is the	
He is assisted by a staff of officials at whose head is the Superintendent of
Education.    Teachers are appointed by	
and those employed in the Public Elementary Schools are trained in the	
     The affairs of a municipality are managed
by its , the members of which in a city are
called  and in a rural municipality are
called    The head of the Municipal
Government of a city is called the and
of that of a Rural Municipality the	
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 127
Value.
10
15
5. Read each question and write the number of the best answer in the parentheses at the
right of the page.
1. Canada  passed  into  the  hands  of  Britain  after  a  war  known  as:
(1) Seven Years' War, (2) Thirty Years' War,  (3)  King George's
War, (4) King William's War    (        )
2. The Iroquois Chief who remained loyal to Britain during the American
War of Independence was: (1) Pontiac, (2) Brant, (3) Tecumseh,
(4) Maquinna    (        )
3. Lord  Durham's  recommendation  regarding  the  union  of  Upper  and
Lower Canada was carried into effect by the:   (1)   Quebec Act,
(2) Constitutional Act,   (3)   British North America Act,   (4)   Act
of Union    (        )
4. The principle of Responsible Government, which requires the Governor
to follow the advice of the Executive Council, was established
during the term of office of: (1) Lord Durham, (2) Lord Sydenham,
(3) Lord Elgin, (4) Sir Charles Bagot   (        )
5. The chief leader in the struggle for Responsible Government in the
Maritime Colonies was: (1) William Lyon MacKenzie, (2) Louis
Joseph Papineau, (3) Lemuel Allan Wilmot, (4) Joseph Howe    (^     )
6. Lord Selkirk's efforts to establish a colony in the Red River District
were strongly opposed by: (1) Hudson's Bay Company, (2) The
North West Company, (3) the half-breeds,  (4) the Indians    (        )
7. By the Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 Canada was: (1) to have the right
to trade where she liked, (2) to fix her own custom duties, (3) to
have free trade in natural products with United States, (4) to have
free trade with the Maritime Provinces  ,   (        )
8. The Provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta were created by: (1) The
Autonomy Bill, (2) The Boundary Commission, (3) The British
North America Act, (4) The Quebec Conference    (        )
9. Members of the Senate are:   (1)  elected for life,  (2)  elected for five
years, (3) appointed for life, (4) appointed for five years    (        )
10. Ministers of the Crown are said to be responsible to the people because:
(1) they are punished if they make mistakes, (2) they are elected
by the House of Commons, (3) they are answerable legally if they
overstep the law, (4) they must resign on an adverse vote in the
House of Commons    (        )
6. In the left-hand column below you will find the names of persons who rendered
conspicuous service in Canada. In the right-hand column you will find descriptions
of the service they rendered. You are required to place in the parentheses after
each description the number that appears before the name of the person to whom
the description applies :
1. Laura Secord First Governor of Vancouver Island   (        )
2. Edith Cavell First Governor of Hudson's Bay Company   (        )
3. Sir Robert Borden A noted educationalist of Upper Canada   (        )
4. Lord Selkirk A heroine of the Great War   (        )
5. Sir George Simpson        Premier of Canada during the Great War   (        )
6. Dr. Egerton Ryerson       Founder of Red River Settlement   (        )
7. Richard Blanshard Heroine of the War of 1812   (        )
7. Complete the following:—
1. The Provinces that were united into the Dominion of Canada in 1867 are
 V 128
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
2. The first Governor-General of the Dominion was	
 and the first Premier was
The present Governor-General of Canada is	
 and the Lieutenant-Governor of
British Columbia is	
The present premier of Canada is	
 and of British Columbia is
British Columbia joined the Dominion in :	
The Government has
authority over many matters, one of which is  the postal service.    The
 Government has
authority over other matters, one of which is control of the public schools.
For the conduct of business the Dominion Government requires a large
revenue, the greater part of which is obtained from the two following
sources :—
(1) 	
(2.) 	
Value.
24
25
25
Drawing.    (Time, 2% hours.)
(a.)  Select three examples of work from your drawings, as follows:—
(1.) The best example of any work you have done in colours.
(2.)  The best example of any work you have done in pencil.
(3.)  The best example of any work you have done in lettering.
Freehand O bject-drawing.
(&.) Draw one of the following (no ruling allowed) :—
(1.) A group of two books, one resting vertically on the other,
(2.)   or A flower-pot resting on a square slab,
(3.)  or A drawing of a square prism;  then change your drawing into one of a
table having four square legs.
Lettering.
(c.) Draw one of the following:—
(1.) A menu card,
(2.)  or Any verse of poetry,
(3.)  or A motto you may have studied, with a suitable border,
(4.)  or A scroll similar to the following and letter on it the words " Nature
Notes, 1928."
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 129
Value.
26        (d.) Design.
^.(TsSfeMfe
Draw one of the following:—
(1.) A large drawing of the copy given above,
(2.)  or Use the units in the above border pattern to fill a 4-inch square, and
add a suitable border, ,
(3.)  or Make a drawing of any design you have studied during the year.
Geography.    (Time, 2% hours.)
22        1. In each blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete :•—
(a.)  No place can have a greater latitude than degrees.
(&.)  The earth has a circumference of about miles and a
diameter of about miles.
(c.)  A and B represent two places situated on the equator.    A is at sea-level,
while B has an altitude of five thousand feet above sea-level.     The
climate of B would be than that of A.
(d.)  The path of the earth around the sun is called	
(e.)   South of the equator the shortest day is on	
and the longest day is on	
(/.)  On the 21st June the North Polar Cap has hours
of sunlight.
(g.)   The South Temperate Zone extends from	
  to	
{h.)  The Torrid Zone extends from	
to 	
(i.) The outstanding features of the surface of North America are a great western
plateau called the	
and a smaller and older eastern plateau called the	
 , with a
 between,
stretching from the Ocean to the
(j.) Around Hudson Bay is a V-shaped highland called '.	
(k.) The largest river flowing through North America into the Atlantic Ocean
is	
(I.)  The longest river in the world is ,
with its tributary, the ,
draining the most fertile part of the	
 V 130
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
8
14
2. In the left-hand column below you will find the names of various products, each of
which is followed by the names of several countries.    Underline the name of the
country that is the chief source of supply of each product.
Product. Country.
Rice. Japan, United States, Egypt, China.
Petroleum. Canada, Irak, United States, Mexico.
Wheat. India, Canada, United States, France.
Mutton. Argentine, Brazil, Australasia, United States.
Linen. France, Ireland, Russia, Belgium.
Corn. Italy, United States, Rumania, India.
Sugar (cane).        India, Hawaii, Cuba, Java.
Tobacco. Russia, India, United States, Canada.
3. Locate the following cities, stating the main industry or most important feature
connected with each (if the city is in Canada or in the United States, give the
name of the Province or the State) :—
City.
Ottawa	
Nanaimo	
Cairo	
Barcelona	
Winnipeg	
Copenhagen-
Chicago	
Osaka	
Liverpool..-	
Belfast	
Trail	
Buenos Aires
Bombay	
Havana	
Location.
Province, State, or
Country.
Eiver, Lake, or Coast
Water if located on such.
Main Industry or
Most Important
Feature.
39
4. The four provinces of the Union of South Africa are:
(i)  ; (2) 	
(3)    ;   (4)  	
The parliament of the Union of South Africa meets in the city of	
     The largest city in the Union is
Two of the chief agricultural products of South Africa are	
and ; and its two chief minerals are..
and	
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 131
5. The densest forests in British Columbia are found on the	
 , where there is	
rainfall.    The trees from which the most valuable lumber is obtained are the
 and the	
Nanaimo, Fernie, and Cumberland are centres for the	
 industry.    The Cariboo is noted for	
Kamioops is situated at the junction of the	
and the Rivers.   Two transcontinental
railways, the and the
 , pass through it, and it
is also the centre of a district.
Penticton is situated at the south end of Lake.
On the east side of the lake is the city of	
Farther north a few miles from the lake is the city of	
Situated at the confluence of the Nechako and Fraser Rivers is the city of	
 , a divisional point on the
 Railway.
The three chief wheat-producing Provinces of Canada are:—
(i) ;
(2) ;
(3)  :	
The three chief coal-producing areas of Canada are in the Provinces of:—
(i)  - ;
(2)    ;
(3)   	
The three chief fruit-producing districts of Canada are:—
(1)   , in the Province of British Columbia;
(2)   , in the Province of Ontario;
(3)   , in the Province of Nova Scotia.
The names of the waterways through which a boat passes in going from Toronto to
Detroit are:—
  PART III.—APPENDICES. V 133
On the map on the preceding page print in neatly in the appropriate places :—
(a.)  The name of each Australian State;
(b.) The names of the two most important rivers;
(c.)  The name of each of the two large islands of New Zealand;
(d.)  The names of the following cities, indicating the location of each city by a
small circle :—
1. Canberra. 5. Perth.
2. Auckland. 6. Sydney.
3. Melbourne. 7. Brisbane.
4. Hobart. 8. Adelaide.
As the coast-line of Australia is very compact there are	
good harbours.    Along the north-east coast stretches the	
 Reef, built by	
The climate as a whole is	
The chief mineral product is	
New Zealand, on account of its more southern position, and the nearness of all its
parts to the , has a
 climate than Australia.
The most important industry of New Zealand is	
Grammar and Composition.
Part I.    (Time, 1% hours.)
Value.
12        1. When one of the scientists of Paris heard that this young student had solved the
problem that others had been working on so long, he sent for him immediately.
The restless dancing of the leaves
Dusky webs of shadow weaves,
That wander on the oaken floor,
Or cross the threshold of the door.
Give the clauses (principal and subordinate) that you find in the above sentences and
state the kind and the relation of each.
15        2.   (a.)  The book on the desk belongs to my sister.    He left his baggage at the door of
the inn.    Children learn in a very short time to read easy sentences.
Give the phrases in the foregoing sentences and state the kind and the relation
of each.
(6.)  The  man  stood   resting  his  weight  upon  his  left  foot,  which  was   slightly
advanced;  then stepping forward, he drew the scimitar across the cushion,
applying the edge so dexterously, and with so little apparent effort, that
the cushion seemed rather to fall asunder than to be divided by violence.
State the " part of speech " and the " relation " of each word given in italics
in the above sentence.
10        3.  (a.)  My brother and I built a raft.    It was of green aspen logs.    We set it afloat on
the lake near our home.
Combine the above sentences into   (a)   a compound sentence,   (6)   a complex
sentence.
(6.)  In each of the following sentences, write in the blank space the form mentioned
in the parentheses :—
The dog his master.
(past perfect, active, of follow)
 Value.
This car without oil.
(present perfect, passive, of drive)
If you come with us we you.
(future indefinite, active, of help)
The man his boy to read.
(present imperfect, active, of teach)
They here.
(past indefinite, passive, of bring)
The cook a meal for the men.
(past imperfect, active, of prepare)
13        4.  (a.)   Supply the correct word in each blank space in the following:—
The plural of half is	
The plural of basis is	
The plural of buoy is	
The plural of shovelful is	
The plural of he is	
The present participle of the verb to lay is	
The past participle of the verb to swing is	
The feminine plural of husband is	
The possessive of whom is	
The comparative degree of graceful is	
(B.)  Make the necessary correction in each of the following sentences and give a
reason for the change you make:—
(1.)  Neither the boy nor the girl are attending school.
(2.)- They have mens' and boys' clothing for sale.
(3.)  Each of these glasses contain water.
(4.)  He returned back to his home in Nanaimo.
(5.)  How brightly the moon looks to-night!
(6.) There are 32 pupils in the school, 7 of which are in the eighth grade.
(7.)  Geography is the poorest taught of all the subjects.
(8.)   Seeing the policeman and I, he turned around and walked away.
Part II.    (Time, 1% hours.)
12        1.   (a.)  After each word write a sentence containing the word correctly used:—
in; 	
into; ,...:	
compare to; 	
compare with ; 	
between;  	
among;	
differ from; 	
differ with; 	
(B.)  Punctuate the following :—
Just hold me at first  Sam will you  said Mr.  Winkle There thats  right
I shall soon get in the way of it Sam Not too fast Sam not too fast.
12       2.  (a.)  Write a letter of acceptance to a friend who invited you to Crescent Beach,
Oregon, to spend a part of your Summer holidays.
(Candidate should use his number instead of his name.)
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 135
Value.
(&.)  The  firm  of H.  M.  Patterson  and  Co.,  Montreal,  has  its  shipping  office at
470 Wellington Avenue in that city.    You wish the firm to send you by
express sixteen copies of the publication Through Failure to Success, which
sells at $1.75 a copy.
Write a letter ordering the books.    Enclose a money order, draft, or bank notes
in the letter.
Rule a space for the envelope and in it write the address.
(Candidate should use his number instead of his name.)
26        3. Write a composition of about a page on one of the following subjects :—
Why I Am Glad that I Am a Canadian.
What I Should Like to Do for a Living.
School Years Form an Important Part of Life.
Penmanship and Dictation and Spelling.    (Time, l1/^ hours.)
(25 marks for Penmanship and 75 marks for Dictation and Spelling.)
[Note.—The Supervisor shall read Sections A and B to the candidates three times—the first time
to enable them to gather the meaning; the second time slowly and clearly in subsections as
marked by the bars, allowing all the candidates sufficient time to write the words; and the
third time for review. Be should repeat words and phrases, when necessary, in order that
every candidate may hear distinctly. Punctuation-marks should not be dictated. Candidates
are not permitted to rewrite the passages.]
Value.
28       &■• Late fall, I winter and early spring I furnish the best conditions I for weather study.
The pressure, I temperature, I wind direction, I state of the sky, I and precipitation
should all be noted. I    The most conscientious record I of weather conditions I is of
little value, however, I if no further use I is made of it, I as is too often the case.
A cloudy | or actually rainy day I should be chosen ] for the first work on lows. I
The barometer I should be read, I wind direction noted, I the state of the sky I and
precipitation observed. I    When clearing begins, I the same observations I should
be made. |    It will not be long j before a low-pressure area I will stand I in the
minds of the pupils I for stormy weather, j while a high, I when studied with the
same care I as the low, I will mean clear weather. I    The weather map I should
now be introduced, I and a further study | of lows and highs I should be made. I
The size of the areas I should be noted approximately, I the distribution of pressure, I the direction of the prevailing winds, I the state of the sky in each area, I
and the distribution of precipitation. I
15        B. " You have some wheat, I haven't you ? " I he asked. I
" I have three thousand bushels." |
The miller made an offer I which startled him. I
" Why! " he exclaimed, | " that is more I than you can get for it I after it has been
ground I into flour. I    What are you going to do I with the wheat? " I
" I am going to sell it | for seed grain j to the settlers." I
" You can get seed grain from my father I —bushel for bushel. |    For each bushel
you take now I you bring back a bushel I after harvest." I
14       C.  (o.)  Habits of mind I are readily formed I through repetition. I
(b.) An emergency arose I which necessitated rapid action. I
(c.) Capable management I established the business I upon a permanent basis. I
(d.) Many rare jewels | were buried I on the ocean beach. I
(e.) Mere erasure I does not always I constitute an error. I
(/.) An acknowledgment I of his offence I resulted in a lenient sentence. I
(g.)  In the preceding year I the queen acceded I to the request of her subjects. I
 V 136
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
18
D. absolutely
iceberg
peculiar
babies
queer
knowledge
tributary
zeal
latitude
molasses
violin
o'clock
ninety
envelope
yield
century
familiar
unconscious
worship
scissors.
gracious
rescue
handkerchief
occasional
jewelry
chapel
dyeing (changing the colour)
tariff
raisins
pious
nonsense
excellent
feature
union
initial
kettle
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 137
APPENDIX C.
HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1928.
Grade IX.
Algebra.    (Time 2 hours.)
Value.
12 1.  (a.) Multiply.T3 + x2 + 3»,- + 5 by x2-a:-2.
(b.) Divide x* - 10,x2 + 12 by cc2 - 2x - 3.
8 2. (a.) What is the rate of a train that travels d miles in t hours 1
(6.) What is the interest on s dollars for t years at r % per annum 1
(c.) In the formula s = \ gt2, find the value of t when s — HA and g = 32.
(d.) In the formula y = 4 + y\as, find the values of y when x = 0, 6, 20.
8 3.  (a.) Write  down  the lowest  common  multiple  of  the three quantities   I2x2y3,
15xsyz3, 20xy3zs.
(6.) Write down another common multiple of these three quantities,
(c.) What is the lowest common multiple of the first and third oi these quantities?
(d.) What is the highest common factor of the second and third of these quantities ?
9 4. Simplify :—
a - [25 + J a - 26 - (a - b + c) + b] - a - (b - c)]
a - ■'"•! (3a - 26) - c !• - {a - (6 - 2c) !■ +a + c
15 5.  (a.) Write down the value of each of the following expressions :—'-
(a65c3)3,  V^27A18F,  V P«mM»*
(6.) Find the square root of : 9a;4 - 12,-e3 - 2x2 + 4333+1.
18 6.  Solve:—
(a.) -i.(8-aj.) + *-lf = ^ + 6)-J
(b.) 17,r + 2/ = 306
x+11y=306.
15 7.  Piesolve into factors :—
(a.) x6-2x3-G3.
(b-) 2/3-2/2 + 2/-l-
(c.) a* + 4a2 + 4.
15 8. A man worked 40 days, part of the time at $4.80 per day and the remainder of
the time at $5.40 per day.    For the former period he received $39 more than
for the latter period.    How much did he receive in all 1
 V 138
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Arithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
6
l.
[All work must be shown.]
Solve the following:—■
(a.) | + ixf-f off
(6.)  2.5-3-.075.
8
2.
Copy and fill in the blanks:—■
.3 m.—  cm.
.3 m.=   km.
3 km. 3 m. 3 cm.—   mm.
1 kilogram-  pounds (avoir).
8
3.
A cubic foot of water weighs 1,000 ounces, and an imperial gallon contains 277.274
cu. in.    Find the weight of a pint of water.
8
4.
A man sold a horse at $195, thereby gaining $15.    Find his gain per cent.
10
5.
A landlord received $822 in a year as the net rental of a house, after his agent
had paid $60 for repairs and charges 2% commission on the gross rental.    Find
his gross monthly rental.
10
6.
A bankrupt's assets are $17,415 and his liabilities $48,375.    I place my claim of
$2,560 in the hands of my attorney for collection.    How much do I receive if
the attorney retains 5% commission?
10
7.
A manufacturer sells his goods at a discount of 30% and 10% and thereby gains
12%%.    What is the list price if the cost is $28?
12
8.
A man bought« lot for $1,200.    On this lot he built a house, the total cost of vvhich
was $5,220.    He rented the house for $55 a month.    Taxes and street improvements cost $128.80 per year, and water rates amounted to $17.60.    What rate of
interest does he make on his investment?
14
9.
A produce firm imported 345 bushels of new potatoes invoiced at $2.50 per bushel
and 37,470 pounds of hay invoiced at $35 per ton.    The duty on potatoes was
15 cents a bushel;   on the hay 20% ad valorem.    Freight charges amounted to
$93.60 and cartage cost $72.30.    The firm sold the potatoes at $3.75 per bushel
and the hay at $45 per ton.    Find the gain.
On March 14th Mr. Smith bought an automobile from Begg Bros, for $1,260.    Smith
paid $800 in cash and gave his note for 90 days for the balance with interest at
7%.    On April 12th Begg Bros, discounted the note at the bank.    The bank
charged 6%.    What did Begg Bros, receive for the note?
14
10.
Drawing.    (Time, 2 hours.)
A. Selections from Drawings.
[The time taken to collect these drawings is not to be deducted from the two
hours allowed for this paper.]
Select the following from the drawings you have made during the past year, and write
your distinguishing number at the top right-hand corner of each.    Before beginning
your drawing give these to the Examiner.
6
1.
An example of lettering.
6
2.
An example of object-drawing.
6
3.
An example of ornamental design.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 139
B. Object-drawing.
Value.
15        Make a freehand drawing not less than 6 inches high of the illustration
15        Let A represent a door.    Open this door towards the right side.
20       Let B represent a drawer.    Show this drawer pulled out about half-way.
;iven below.
C. Design.
32        Work one of the following questions :—
(1.) Draw a design for a book-cover 7% inches by 5 inches for Stevenson's novel
" Kidnapped," and indicate the colours you would use.
(2.)  Draw the elevation of a square waste-paper basket, 6 inches wide, height in
suitable proportion.    Decorate with an appropriate design and indicate
the colours you would use.
(3.) Draw a poster to include the words "Be a good citizen, put out your camp-
fire," and indicate the colours you would use.    Size, 10 inches by 8 inches.
12
10
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. In each of the following combine the separate sentences into a single sentence:—
(a.) Four large frogs were sunning themselves. They were in front of me.
They were near the shore. They were in the shallow water. They
were among the lily pads.
(6.) The coachman is seventy years old. His name is Peter. He was born on
the place. He has driven its occupants for fifty years. We are very
fond of him.
2. (a) Punctuate the following, and (5) turn it into the indirect narrative form:—
He then led me to the highest pinnacle of the rock and placing me on the top
of it cast thy eyes eastward said he and tell me what thou seest I see said
I a huge valley and a prodigious tide of water rolling through it the valley
that thou seest said he is the vale of misery and the tide of water that
thou seest is part of the great tide of eternity.
3. Give words which are opposite in meaning to each of the following:   identical,
dishearten, gather, economy, preserve.   Use each of these opposites in a sentence.
 V 140 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
10       4. Write an informal letter of thanks to a relative who has made you a Christmas
present of a bicycle.
60       5. Write a composition of not more than two hundred words on one of the following :■—
(1.)  Farm  life  in  Devonshire  two  hundred  and  fifty  years  ago   (based  on
Lorna Doone).
(2.)  The return of David Balfour  (based on Kidnapped).
(3.)  My favourite month of the year.
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer Section A, Part I. or Part II.; Section B; and either
Section C or Section D.]
Section A.
Part I. Narrative English Poems, Part I.
4       1.(0.)  Name two ballads that you have studied this year and give the names of the
authors.
Q (&.)  Give the characteristics of ballad poetry as revealed in one of the two poems
you mention.
12        2. Name the poems from which  the following  extracts are taken,  explaining each
passage carefully:—
(a.) So, with a sullen " all's for best,"
The land seemed settling to its rest.
(6.) Even I
Regained my freedom with a sigh.
(o.) "When his hundred years expire
Then he'll set hisself afire
And another from his ashes rise most beautiful to see! "
8        3. Give briefly but clearly the central theme of any two of the following:—
(a.)  "The Glove and the Lions."
(6.)  " Riding Together."
(c.)  " The Battle of Blenheim."
10       4. Give in your own words the story of "The Italian in England," or the story of
" The Highwayman."
Part II. Narrative English Poems, Part II.
10       !■ Give clearly and fully what you think to be the meaning of either of the following:—
(a.) " Goblin Market."
(b.)  " The Lady of Shalott."
6        2.  (a.)  Give the names of the poems from which the following are taken, and the
names of the authors:—
(i.)  Such times have been not since the light that led
The holy Elders with the gift of myrrh,
(ii.)  He alone breaks from the van and the freemen,
He alone sinks to the rear and the slaves!
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 141
Value.
(iii.)  There's joy and there's joy, Ma'am, but to tell 'ee the truth
There's none can compare with the joy of one's youth.
9 (b.) Explain briefly but clearly each of the above extracts.
8        3. Give in a few sentences the central theme of any two of the following:—
(a.)  " Pre-Existence."
(6.)  "The Stone."
(c.)  " Flannan Isle."
7       4. Write  a  short paragraph  on  Coleridge's  descriptive  power  as  revealed  in  " The
Ancient Mariner."
Section B. English Prose Selections, Part I.
[Note.—Write on question 1 and on either % or 3.]
15        1. Discuss in a paragraph one of the following:—
(a.)  Sir Roger de Coverley's relations with his servants.
(6.) The character of the " Perverse Widow."
(c.)  Lamb's attitude towards his "Dream Children."
(d.) The moods of the Saxophone.
15        2. Write on one of the following:—
(a.) Arthur's claim to the sword " Excalibur."
(6.)  Why Goldsmith passed his life in poverty,
(c.)  How mountains are built.
(d.) The value of Chesterfield's advice to his son.
Or
3. From your reading of the stories in English Prose Selections, Part I., give your
ideas on:—
(a.) The Bootmaker's standard of workmanship.    (" Quality.")
(&.)  Perseverance.    (" The Essence of a Man.")
(c.)  The power of circumstances.    ("The Sire de Maletroit's Door.")
Section C. Kidnapped.
15       1. Write a paragraph on one of the following:—
(a.) Relations between the Highland Chief and his Clansmen.
(6.)  The ability of the highlander to keep a secret.
(c.)  Alan Breck Stewart's attitude towards David Balfour.
15        2. Tell briefly but accurately the story of one of the following:—
(a.) The quarrel between Alan Breck Stewart and Robin Oig.
(6.)  How David and Alan succeeded in crossing the Forth.
Section D. Lorna Doone.
10        1. Write a paragraph on one of the following :■— ,
(a.)  John Ridd's impression of Judge Jeffreys.
(6.)  The life of a highwayman.    (Tom Faggus.)
20 2. Give an account of one of the following:—
(a.) The passing of the Great Winter.
(b.) John Ridd's first visit to Lorna.
(c.)  John Ridd's interview with Sir Ensor Doone.
 V 142
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
1
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
10
1.
Ecrivez
en frangais une question pour chaque reponse dans la liste suivante.    (Write
in French a question for each answer in the following list.)
(a.)
Ma petite soeur a onze ans.
(b.)
Elle s'appelle Julie.
(c.)
11 y a dix gargons dans cette classe.
(d.)
Son mouchoir est en soie.
(e.)
11 est bleu.
(/•)
C'est aujourd'hui le vingt-huit juin.
(ff.)
11 pleut.
(h.)
C'est un encrier.
(i.)
Je me couche a neuf heures.
U-)
La voila!
20
2.
Write a
sentence in French explaining each of the following words:—■
le porte-monnaie, le facteur, la souris, la violette, un eleve, le tigre, la cousine,
le Canada, les Americains, la grand'mere.
5
3.
(Faire accorder les adjectifs.)    Make the adjectives agree:—
(a.)
C'est la dernier classe.
(6.)
Marie est tres beau.
(c.)
Ce legon est difficile.
(d.)
C'est une vieux femme.
.
(e.)
Cette table n'est pas lourd, elle est tiger.
(f.)
Les rues sont longs et itroits.
(Cl.)
Cette jeune fille est canadien.
15
4.
Ecrivez
(a.)
(B.)
(c.)
(d.)
(e.)
en frangais:—
I am looking through the window.
Is she standing?
It is half past one.
At half past twelve noon.
On the first of January.
(/■)
The twenty-first of July.
\
,
(g.)
It is five minutes to seven.
(h.)
At a quarter to six.
(i.)
At the end of Winter.
(}■)
At the beginning of Spring.
(Ic.)
It is raining in torrents.
(1-)
Mary is not strong enough to lift her desk.
(to/
Does he live in British Columbia?
20
5.
(a.)  Write the following verbs with II and lis as subjects:   aller,  dire,  devoir,
pouvoir, prendre.
(6.)  Write the following verbs with Je and Nous as subjects:  s'asseoir, commencer,
*
finir, ecrire, preferer.
15
6.
Ecrivez
en frangais les noms de cinq fleurs, de cinq fruits et de cinq vetements.
15
7.
Write a
Ma
paragraph in French (about fifty words) on one of the following subjects:
Pamille;   Mon Ecole.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 143
General Science.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Ansicer question one and any five of the remainder.]
Value.
15        l.(o.)  Describe a method of preparing a few jars of carbon dioxide for experimental
purposes.    Enumerate its chief properties and two uses,
(b.)  What test may be used to detect carbon dioxide?
17       2.  (a.)  Clearly explain what is meant by the buoyancy of a fluid.
(6.)  An irregularly shaped piece of iron weighing 36 grams in air is found to weigh
31 grams in water.    Calculate the density of the iron.
17        3.  (a.)  State what is meant by "the struggle for existence" in plant and animal life.
(&.)  What influences are at work to maintain a " balance of life "'!   Give instances.
17       4.  (a.)  Describe a simple experiment to show we cannot depend upon our feelings to
determine the temperature of a body.
(6.)  Change 20° C. and -15° C. into Fahrenheit readings;   and 59° F. and -31° F.
into Centigrade readings.
17        5.   (a.)  What heat changes take place when a liquid evaporates?
(6.)  Illustrate with a diagram any kind of refrigerator, or cold-storage plant, With
which you are familiar, and explain how it works.
17        6.   (a.)  Show how plants and animals are dependent upon one another.
(6.)  Clearly explain photosynthesis.
17        7.   (a.)  Describe  a  simple  experiment  to  show  that  a  magnetic  field  surrounds  an
insulated copper wire through which an electric current is passing.
(&.)  Distinguish between an electric dynamo  (or generator) and an electric motor.
17        8.  (o.) Why is a good supply of water important to the health of a community?
(6.)  Enumerate a number of kinds of impurities that may be found in water, and
state how their harmful influence may be lessened.
17        9.  (a.)  Enumerate the materials and apparatus necessary for copper electroplating.
(b.) Describe how the apparatus should be arranged for copper electroplating, and
draw a diagram to illustrate it.
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
2        1- On the compass how many degrees from " North " is the point " North North East "?
14 2. ABC is a triangle, and AD is the perpendicular from A to BC. If angle BAC = 100°
and angle ABC=37°, determine the magnitude of the angles BAD, DAC, ACB.
Give the authority for your conclusions.
14 3. A circular grass plot 70 feet in radius is watered by a man standing at a fixed point
on the edge of the plot with a hose which can throw water a distance of 90 feet.
Show the area that can be watered. (Scale, 40 feet to 1 inch.) Estimate by
measurement the distance between the two points on the edge of the plot which
the water can just reach.    An accurate diagram is required.
14 4. Construct a triangle PQR whose sides are PQ = 2 inches, QR = If inches, PR = 2|
inches. Construct a second triangle HKN from the following data: HK = 14
inches, l HKN = u PRQ, l KHN = l PQR.    An accurate drawing is required.
 V 144 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
14 5. If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to
each, and have also the angles contained by those sides equal, the triangles are
congruent.
14 6. Show how to draw a straight line at right angles to a given straight line AB from a
given point P outside of AB.    Give the proof of your construction.
14 7. If two straight lines are drawn through a point parallel to the arms of an angle,
the angle between those straight lines is equal to the given angle.
14 8. If the bisector of an angle of a triangle cuts the opposite side at right angles, the
triangle must be isosceles.
«
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer five questions, at least two from each part.]
Part A.
20
1.
(a.)  Describe Indian life under the following headings:    (1)  tribal organization;
(2) homes;   (3) methods of warfare.
(&.)  Explain why Champlain found it difficult to found a colony in Canada.
20
2.
Give a brief account of the part played by four of the following in the life of New
France:   Talon, Frontenac, Radisson, La Salle, de la Verendrye.
20
3.
(o.)  Show what advantages both England and France possessed in their struggle
for supremacy in North America.
(6.)   Why were the English in America dissatisfied with the Quebec Act?
20
4.
(a.)  Write on the Loyalists under the following headings:    (1)   who they were;
(2) where they settled;   (3) the hardships they endured.
(6.)  Name three important problems faced by the pioneers of Canada in the period
1814-1840.    Show how these problems were solved.
20
5.
Write brief notes on five of the following:  Haliburton, Queenston Heights, Pontiac,
Gilbert Parker, Cabot, Coureur-de-bois, Brant, John Gait, Sir George Prevost,
The Group of Seven.
Part B.
20
1.
Into what classes was ancient Egyptian society divided during the Old Kingdom?
Describe the lives of the peasants and the wealthy.
20
2.
(o.)  Show over what area Persia ruled when she was at the height of her power.
(&.)  What were the chief contributions of Persia to civilization?
20
3.
(a.) Describe the social life of the Greeks during the Homeric Age.
(&.)  Why did the Persians fail to conquer Greece?
20
4.
Why is the Age of Pericles referred to as the " Golden Age of Greece "?
20
5.
Outline the achievements of Alexander the Great under the following heads:—
(a.)  Conquests.
(6.)  Fusing of East and West.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 145
Value.
10
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Write the Latin words equivalent to the following English words:
rampart     ninth	
famous     slight	
boldly    discreet 	
encamp    influence	
sortie     reconnoitre	
burden    nearer	
above    only	
unknown    continually	
mound !    several	
daily     numerous	
10
2. Form English derivatives from each of the following Latin words:
aqua    pugno	
pes    amicus	
nihil     soror	
alter    nox	
octo    porta	
iter    caput	
auxilium     corpus	
omnis    vir	
terra    equus	
video    pauci	
10
3. Two case forms of the word miles are given.    Write the corresponding case forms of
the other Latin words in this question:—
miles. milite. militum.
res	
opus	
cohors	
lacus	
puer :	
dux	
palus	
pons	
iter	
nomen	
10       4. Fill in the blanks below so as to give the complete comparison of the following
adjectives and adverbs:—
Positive. Comparative. Superlative.
  aegrius. 	
  summus.
malus. 	
  magis. 	
libere. 	
audacter.  :	
facilius.
fortissime.
felix. 	
5. To complete the following sentences insert in the spaces within brackets the proper
forms of the perfect indicative of the verbs italicized:—
desilio: Nautae ex navi ( )
repello: Hostes ab Romanis ( )
10
 V 146 . PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
consisto:  Copiae in summo monte ( )
augeo:  Numerus hostium ( )
incendo:  Urbs a Gallis  ( .' )
audeo:  Ceteri iter facere non ( )
relinquo: Centurio gladium in oppido ( )
8       6. To complete the following sentences insert in the blank spaces suitable forms of the
words italicized:—
Exercitus:  Adventu reliqui equites confirmati sunt.
qui: Gladius miles habet est longus.
libertas:  Nihil est melius :	
navis: Res publica similis esse dicitur.
mitto:  Si obsides copias reducam.
gladius:   Romani  pugnant.
res publica:  causa impetum sustinebimus.
qui:  Miles patri civitas data erat necatus est.
10        7. Write the Latin for the following phrases:—
On outpost duty.
On the march.
According to custom.
Without a wound.
As soon as possible.
In a short time.
For two reasons.
At midnight.
For the sake of one soldier.
With the greatest difficulty.
10        8- Translate into English:—
(a.) Alter portus Gallis notus erat, alter Britannis.
(b.) Romanis unis concedimus.
(c.)  Ex milibus triginta tertia pars reducta erit.
(d.)  Propter usum militarem non terreri videbantur.
(e.)  Plurimas habemus longas naves, quibus milites transportare consuevimus.
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 147
Value.
25        9- Translate into Latin:—
(a.)  On account of the scarcity of everything he will lead the seventh legion
back into camp.
(6.) They withstood the attacks of the enemy for a large part of the day.
(c.)  When the commander in chief is absent they will attack the winter camp.
(d.) He ordered reinforcements to be posted speedily on the top of the mountain.
(e.) They determined to lay waste the neighbouring territories as widely as
possible.
 Grade X.
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer question one and any five of the remainder.]
Value.
15        1. It is claimed that a knowledge of other sciences is of advantage to the student of
agriculture.    Give four examples that would help to establish this claim.
17        2. What is the relation between soils, plants, and animals?
17 3. What is meant by crop-rotation? AVhat is its main purpose? Give an example of a
good rotation for either a farm or a garden.
17 4. Name a farm or garden crop in which you are particularly interested and discuss it
under the following headings: (a) soil requirements, including preparation;
(6) planting of the crop; (c) method of propagation; (d) care during the growing
period; (e) method of harvesting.
17       5. There are two chief ways by which insects do injury to plants.
(a.) What are,these ways?
(6.)  Name two insects belonging to each of these two great groups,
(c.)  State briefly how you would control or destroy insects belonging to each of the
two groups.
17 6. In a debate on " Resolved, that the pure-bred animal is in every respect more valuable
than the grade animal," set forth the main points for the affirmative and also for
the negative.
17 7. State how an up-to-date dairy-farmer may determine which cows are his most
economical producers. How might he proceed to build up his herd from this
standpoint of economical production?
17        8. Compare natural and artificial hatching, showing advantages or disadvantages.
Algebra.    (Time, 2 hours.)
6 1.  (a.) Find the coefficient of a;2 in : a(x - b)2 - b(x - a)2 - 3ax(2a - x).
(b.) When is an algebraic expression said to be homogeneous 1
15 2.  (a.) Resolve into their lowest factors :—
( i.) x7 + 8x4 - x3 - 8.
(ii.) c(2a-c)-b(2a!--b).
(b.) Express, in factors, the square root of:—
(x2 + ?>x-r1)(2x2-x-3){2x2+llx-2\).
12 3. Simplify:—
„2_   %
r
yzJL/y2-5?'-6xy-2\
2y ' W2-6y + 5   y + 2/'
v2 _   -v      \y2 - % + 5   y
v+i
16 4.  (a.) Find the highest common factor of :—
3X3 — 3ax2 + 2a2x - 2as and
3a;3 + 12ax2 + 2a2a; + 8as.
(b.) Express, in factor form, the lowest common multiple of the two expressions
in 4 (a).
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 149
24
5.  Solve :—
,   .  x - 7 ,       1         2x -
15
x + 7    2(x + 7)    2x-
6
4                         5
,   ,   x-\-a      x + 3a
ic.)    . =       -.
x-o    x+a-b
12 6.  Determine whether or not the following expression is a perfect square :—
4a:6 - 44x4 - 12a;3 + 121a;2 + 66.x + 9.
15 7.  A boy rides a bicycle to school at 7| miles per hour but returns home on foot
by a shorter road at 3J miles per hour. It takes him 20 minutes longer to
return than to go. The whole distance travelled is 8| miles. Find the
whole time occupied in going and returning.
Arithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All work must be shown.]
8        1. Copy and fill in the blanks:—
(a.)  A dollar is to ten cents as ten cents is to a	
(6.) The ratio of two hours to two minutes is as  is to 4.
(c.)  .005 km. = mm.
(d.)  75 mg. = g.
8        2. How many kilograms of water will a rectangular cistern 2.25 m. long, 1.5 m. wide,
and 1.75 m. deep, hold?
10 3. The minute-hand of a tower clock is 10% feet long. How many miles does its
extreme point travel during the month of June?
10       4. A water-main is made of iron % inch in thickness.    The diameter of the opening of
the pipe is 15 inches.    Find the number of cubic feet of iron there are in a
15-foot length of this pipe. ©
/
10       5.  (a.) In a mixture of 2 parts of C and 3 parts of S and 7 parts of G, what per cent.
is S?
(b.) How many pounds of C, how many pounds of S, and how many pounds of G
would you use in making 100 pounds of a mixture in these proportions:
1 part of C, 3 parts of S, and 8 parts of G?
12 6. Helen's grandmother left her a legacy of $2,500. Her father invested it for her.
He paid §524 for a $500 Vancouver bond bearing 4%% interest; $1,002.50 for
a $1,000 Victory bond bearing 4%% interest; $512.50 for a $500 B.C. Electric
bond bearing 5% interest. He loaned the balance of the money at 7% per annum.
How much interest does Helen receive each year?
14 7. A house and lot cost $4,500, the value of the house being $3,600. The house is
insured for % of its value at .8%. Repairs cost $40. The whole property is
assessed for % of its value, and the tax rate is 18 mills on the dollar. What
rent per annum must be received in order to realize 5% on the investment?
14 8. Find the cost of a draft for $2,400 payable 60 days after sight, exchange being %%
premium and interest 6%.
14 9. Mr. Brown owns a farm which rents for $411.45 a year. If he sells the farm for
$8,229 and invests the proceeds in 6% stock at 105, paying %% brokerage, will
his yearly income be increased or diminished, and how much?
 V 150 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.   Illustrate answers by
sketches or diagrams.]
1. Describe the habit,  leaves,  and cones of any two  gymnosperms  found in  your  district;
emphasize their distinguishing characteristics.    Write a note on the economic importance
of gymnosperms in B.C.
2. (a.)  Give four natural methods of vegetative reproduction in plants, and name an example
to illustrate each.
(6.)  Describe and explain what part of the plant is modified in each case.
3. (a.)  Describe the structure of the flowers of two plants you have studied, one a monocoty
ledon, the other a dicotyledon.
(&.) Classify each to its family, and give its floral formula.
4. State which parts of plants are sensitive, and to what stimuli they respond.    Give examples.
5. What is meant by (a) "native" plants, and  (6) "introduced" plants?
Make five vertical columns under the following headings:—
Name.
Native.
Introduced.
Medicinal.
Poisonous.
In the first column write a list of twenty plants common in your district. In the second and
third columns indicate, by a cross (X) opposite each plant, whether it is native or
introduced. In the fourth and fifth columns similarly indicate those which you know
to be medicinal or poisonous.
Carefully draw and describe the microscopic structure of a dicotyledon stem as seen in
transverse section;  label all the parts, and state their function.
Value.
Chemistry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Q        1.   (a.)  Write    chemical    formulw    for    the    following:     copper    sulphate;     calcium
hydroxide;   silver nitrate;   iron chloride.
6 (b.)  Write chemical names for the following:  NaHC03;  NaNO:;   MgO ;  ZnS.
3 (c.)  What information is conveyed by the formula H„0?
10       2.  (a.)  Describe a laboratory method for preparing a few jars of hydrogen.   Draw
a simple diagram as an aid in the description.    Write the equation.
9 (&.) Enumerate the chief properties of hydrogen, and state its uses.
10       3. Calculate the volume of oxygen at 27° C. and 750 mm. that will be produced when
245 grams of potassium chlorate, mixed with manganese dioxide, are heated
until all reaction ceases.
(K=39;   Cl=35.5;   0 = 16.)
5       4. (a.) What is the Law of Definite Proportions?
5 (6.)  Apply this law to determine whether air is a chemical compound or not.
12        5. Briefly indicate how the following may be prepared and write the equations: nitrogen
(pure) ;  hydrogen chloride.
10 6. (a.) Describe a laboratory experiment to show how the percentage of oxygen in
potassium chlorate may be determined, and make a list of the various
readings that would be recorded.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 151
Value.
4
(6.)  If the weight of the original potassium chlorate was 2.45 grams, and the weight
of the oxygen .78 grams, calculate the percentage of oxygen in potassium
chlorate.
(K=39; Cl=35.5; 0 = 16.)
7. Write the equation and name the products formed in each of the following:—
(a.)  Carbon monoxide is passed over strongly heated copper oxide in a combustion tube.
(b.) A deflagrating spoon containing burning phosphorus is lowered into a jar
of oxygen,
(c.)  A solution of potassium hydroxide is placed in an evaporating dish, enough
nitric acid added to make the solution neutral to litmus, and then
evaporated.
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
5        1. Write sentences which will show the distinction between the terms in each of the
following pairs:—■
(a.) learn, teach.
(&.) healthful, wholesome,
(c.)  purpose, propose.
(d.) among, between,
(e.)  bring, fetch.
10       2.  (a.) Name three characteristics which a business letter should always possess.
(&.)  Write to the publishers of some Eastern newspaper renewing your subscription
for a year.    Write also the envelope address.
10       3. Set down in from forty to sixty words a summary of one day's events, as for a diary.
75        4. Write a composition of from two to three hundred words on one of the following:—
(1.) The character of the king in Quentin Durward.
(2.)  The mob in Julius Caesar.
(3.) The fairy actors in A Midsummer Night's Dream.
(4.)  The value of a public library to a community.
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer Section A, Part I. or Part II.;  and Section B;  and any
one section from. Sections C, D, and E.]
Section A.
Part I. A Selection of English Poetry, Book I., Part I.
15        1. Explain carefully three of the following passages, giving the name and author of the
poem from which each is taken :—
(o.) But Knowledge to their eyes her ample page,
Rich with the spoils of time, did ne'er unroll;
(6.) Twelve struck.    That sound, by dwindling years
Heard in each hour, crept off;  and then
The ruffled silence spread again,
Like water that a pebble stirs.
 V 152 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
(c.) the gates
Roll back, and far within
For me the Heavenly Bridegroom waits,
To make me pure of sin.
(d.) ghostly Shapes
May meet at noontide;  Fear and trembling Hope,
Silence and Foresight;   Death the Skeleton
And Time the Shadow;
15       2. Give in a few sentences what you consider to be the central thought of each of the
following poems:—
(a.) " I Heard the Old Men."
(6.) "Farewell in February."
(c.)  " The Choristers."
10        3. Tell briefly in your own words the story of:—
(o.)  " The Foresaken Merman."
Or
(6.)  "Echetlos."
Part II. A Selection of English Poetry, Book I., Part II.
15       1. Explain carefully three of the following passages, giving the name and author of
the poem from which each is taken:—
(o.) Hark!  'tis an elfin storm from faery land,
Of haggard seeming, but a boon indeed;
Arise—arise!   the morning is at hand;
The bloated wassaillers will never heed ;
(6.) Maybe—for none see in that black hollow—
It's just a place where we're held in pawn,
And, when the Great Juggler makes as to swallow,
It's just the sword-trick—I ain't quite gone!
(c.) He wrote, too, in a quiet way,
Small treatises, and smaller verses,
And sage remarks on chalk and clay.
(d.) We look before and after,
And pine for what is not:
15       2. State clearly what you consider to be the central thought of each of the following:—
(a.)  " Pdre Lalemant."
(6.)  " The Haunted Palace."
(c.) "To a Skylark."
10       3. Discuss briefly  what  Goldsmith,  in his  " Deserted Village,"  conceived  to  be  the
dangers attending the commercial development of England.
Section B. English Prose Selections, Part II.
[Note.—Ansreer question 1 and either 2 or 3.]
15        1. Write briefly on the ideas contained in one of the following:—
(a.) " Growing Old."
(6.)  " Poor Relations."
(c.)  " Intellectual Snobbery."
(d.)  " Country Etiquette."
(e.)  "Woman on Horseback."
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 153
Value.
(/.)  "The Dead to Reason."
(g.)  "Of Studies."
(7i..)  "The Newness of the Old."
15        2. Discuss in a paragraph one of the following:—
(a.)  English highways as described in " State of England in 1685."
(6.)  Leacock's treatment of his subject in " Government of England."
(c.) Why "The Gettysburg Address" is a masterpiece.
(d.) The incident told in "Letters to Countess of Pomfret."
(e.) Johnson's attitude in his "Letter to Chesterfield."
Or
3. Write on one of the following:—
(a.)  Hardy's ability to describe nature as shown in "The Three Strangers."
(6.)  The quality of Poe's writing as shown in " The Fall of the House of Usher."
'    (c.)  The character of the Prince Consort.    ("The Prince Consort.")
Section C. Julius Caesar.
10        !• Write a paragraph contrasting the characters of Mark Antony and Octavius Caesar.
10       2. By what reasoning does Brutus justify to himself his action in joining the conspiracy
against Caesar?
10 3. Discuss in a paragraph one of the following:—
(a.) Shakespeare's idea of the Roman mob.
(6.)  The attitude of Cassius toward Brutus.
Section D. A Midsummer Night's Dream.
15        1. Write a paragraph on the characteristics of Shakespeare's fairies.
15        2. " There are few plays that give greater opportunities for striking effects in scenery
and costume than A Midsummer Night's Dream."    Discuss this statement fully.
Or
3. Write on the contribution made to the play by the clowns,  with  special reference
to Bottom.
Section E. Quentin Durward.
10        1. Contrast briefly the characters of Louis XI. and the Duke of Burgundy.
20       2. Answer any two of the following:—
(a.)  Write on the means by which Louis XI. was induced to visit the Duke of
Burgundy.
(6.)  Discuss the relations between the city of Liege and the Duke of Burgundy,
(c.)  Give an account of the death of William de la Marck.
(d.)  Give an account of the interview of the envoy, the Count of Crevecoeur,
and the King, at the court of Louis XI.
 V 154
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
14
1.
Write sentences in French explaining seven of the following words:   Un erable,
le magasin, la cuisine, une brosse a dents, le boulanger, le wagon-lit, la biblio-
theque, la malle, le Nouvel An.
10
2.
Remplacez les mots en italique par les pronoms convenables.    (Substitute suitable
pronouns for the italicized words.)
(a.)  Ce sont les chiens.
(b.) Le petit garcon et sa mire vont vendre les cerises,
(c.)  Qui est la? Jean,
(d.) Etes-vous chez Marie?
(e.) Ne pensez pas & vos vacances.
(f.) Pensez d, vos vacances.
(g.) Le marchand donne les legumes aux petits garcons.
(h.) Je me sers d'un couteau.
(i.)  Elle nous donnera les cahiers.
(j.) Je vais d, I'dcole.
20
3.
Ecrivez dix phrases en employant ces pronoms.    (Write ten sentences using the
following pronouns.)
Qu'est-ce qui?, Qui., Que?, Que., Quoi?, Laquelle?, Celui, Celles, Rien, Personne.
15
4.
Traduisez en francais:—
(o.)  I live quite near the school.
(6.)  Our class-room is on the ground floor.
(c.)  She has been here for a week.
(d.) My grandfather plays the piano.
(e.)  Sometimes I read aloud.
(/.)  We eat three times a day.
(17.)  Does she know how to do it?
(h.)  Everybody is having a good time.
(i.) I do my homework (lessons) before going to bed.
(j.) They will learn to speak French.
(fc.)  This is my sail boat.
(1.) Here we are in the country.
(to.)  She casts a glance at her watch.
(to.) Do you play tennis?
(0.) She is going to leave the next day.
15
5.
Write the following verbs in the present, future, and past indefinite:—
Je (mettre, avoir).
Elle (sortir, venir).
Nous (ouvrir, se promener).
Vous (gtre, faire).
lis (boire, connaitre).
26
6.
Write a composition in French (about 100 words) on one of the following subjects:—
(a.)  La campagne.
(&.) La ville.
(c.)  Ma chambre a coucher.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 155
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
lue.
2        1- On the compass how many degrees from "North" is the point "North by East"?
Value
14 2. Draw a triangle ABC having AB = 2% inches, AC=4% inches, BC=4% inches.
Find a point (or points) equidistant from AB and AC, and 1 inch from BC.
Give a neat and accurate diagram showing clearly all construction lines.
14 3. You are given two lines a and b whose lengths are 3 inches and 2% inches respectively. Find a square whose area shall be equal to the difference between the
areas of the squares on the two given lines. Give a neat and accurate drawing
showing clearly all construction lines, and quote the authority for your construction.
14 4. If a straight line cuts two other straight lines so as to make the alternate angles
equal, then the two straight lines are parallel.
14       5. Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.
14 6. Of all straight lines that can be drawn to a given straight line from a point outside
of it, the perpendicular is the shortest.
14 7. In an obtuse-angled triangle the square on the side opposite the obtuse angle is
equal to the sum of the squares on the sides containing the obtuse angle
together with twice the rectangle contained by one of those sides and the
projection on it of the other.
14 8. P is any point on the diagonal HM of a parallelogram HKMN. Prove that
A HKP = A HNP.
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer five questions, at least two from each part.]
Part A.
20       1.  (o-)  What were the causes of dissatisfaction with the government of Upper and
Lower Canada in the period 1814^1837?
(6.)  Describe the part played by two of the following in the movement for responsible government:   Joseph Howe, Lord Sydenham, Lord Durham.
20       2. (a.) Name three men who led in the exploration of what is now British Columbia.
What territory was explored by each?
(b.)  Account for the failure of the Selkirk Colony.
20       3. Compare Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir Wilfrid Laurier as " Makers of Canada."
20       4. Compare the Dominion of Canada in 1867 and 1927 under the following heads:—
(a.)  Extent.
(b.) Provinces,
(c.) Railways.
(d.)  Inter-Imperial relations.
20       5- Write notes on four of the following:—
(a.)  Sir James Douglas.
(6.)  Lord Strathcona.
(c.) Bliss Carman.
(d.) Dr. Banting,
(e.)  Sir Robert Borden.
(/.) John Oliver.
 V 156 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Part B.
Value.
20        !'•  (o.)  Contrast the causes of the Reformation in Germany with the causes of the
Reformation in England.
(6.)  What changes were introduced in  the church  in  England in  the reigns  of
Henry VIIL and Edward VI.
20        2.  (a.)  Describe the steps by which Christianity became supreme in the Roman Empire.
(6.)  Show how the victory of Christianity contributed to the decline of Roman
Civilization.
20       3.  (a.)  Describe the rise and spread of Mohammedanism.
(b.)  Estimate the achievement of the Emperor Charlemagne.
20       4.  (a.)  What were the chief effects of the Norman Conquest?
(6.)  Why did the Estates-General in France never obtain the power gained by the.
English Parliament?
20        5. Write brief notes on any four of the following:—
(a.)  Julius Caesar's reforms.
(6.)  The reorganization of the Roman Empire by Diocletian,
(c.)  The powers of the Popes in the Middle Ages.
(d.) The results of the Crusades,
(e.) The geographical discoveries of the Renaissance period.
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
16        1. Write the genitive singular of:—
films aeger 	
eques liber 	
u,tra lex	
the dative singular of:—
unum animal 	
aliud genus	
the ablative singular of:—
medium flumen 	
cornu inutile	
caput melius	
6        2. Write the genitive singular (with the adjective in the superlative degree) of:
respublica parva	
the accusative plural (with the adjective in the comparative degree) of:—
iter breve 	
the ablative singular (with the adjective in the superlative degree) of:—
spes magna	
12        3. Write the second singular present indicative of:—
patior	
malo  .-..
fero (active and passive) 	
capio (active and passive)  	
the second singular future indicative of:—
fio 	
nolo   	
parco	
the perfect infinitive of:—
proficiscor 	
praesum  	
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 157
Value.
the singular present imperative of:—
venio  	
egredior	
13        4. Write in Latin :-"-
(o.)  We were informed of his arrival.
(b.) He was not made king.
(c.) As soon as possible.
(d.) For the sake of the state.
(e.) He ordered the same horsemen to set out with me.
(/.)  I replied that I did not remember.
(g.) At day break.
(h.) He hopes to become consul.
(i.)  Have you not injured us?
(;.)  He does not know why I am helping you.
10     5. (a.) Translate in space provided on opposite page:—
Ulixes cum intellexisset sociSs suos in periculo esse, gladio correpto, Eurylocho
imperavit, ut sine mora viam ad illam domum monstraret. Ille tamen multis
cum lacrimis Ulixem complexus obsecrare coepit, ne tantum periculum susciperet.
Ulixes autem respondit se neminem invitum secum adducturum; ei licere, si
mallet, in navi manere; se ipsum sine ullo auxiliS rem suscepturum. Hoc cum
magna voce dixisset, e navi desiluit.
 V 158 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Va lue.
6 (b.) Account for the case of:—
socios 	
Eurylocho 	
invitum 	
ei	
the mood of susciperet 	
the mood of mallet	
6. Translate into Latin :—
5 (a.)  He asked them what states were in arms.
5 (b.) They said they had not made war upon the friends of the Roman people.
(c.)  When Caesar was in winter quarters he was informed that German horsemen had crossed the river.
5 (d.) We have been sent by the chief men of our state to ask for peace.
5 (e.) They began to throw away their arms so as not to be captured.
6 (/.)  So great a storm arose that we could not finish the work.
5 (9-) We shall spare those who obey us.
Physics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.    Answer five only.]
1. (a.)  Find the density of an alloy containing 8 parts by weight of a metal of density 10 grams
per cc. and 2 parts by weight of a metal of density 6 grams per cc.   Find the
volume of 1 kilogram of the alloy.
(6.) Describe the construction, the determination of the fixed points, and the graduation on
the Centigrade scale of a mercury thermometer.
2. (a.)  Make a sketch of the field of magnetic force between  (1)  two similar poles,   (2)  two
unlike poles.
(&.) One cubic decimeter of wood floats with % of its volume immersed in water.   What is
the weight of the cube?
3. (a.)  State Boyle's Law and describe a simple experimental proof of it.
(&.) Make a diagram of the suction or lift-pump and explain clearly how it works, showing
how the water is lifted as the pump starts and the reason why the distance of the
piston from the surface of the water in the well is limited.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 159
4. (a.)  If 90 grams of a metal are heated to 100° C. and then placed in 110 grams of water at
5° C, the resulting temperature is 15°.    Find the specific heat of the metal.
(6.)  Illustrate by reference to a simple drawing the meaning of the terms :  law of the lever,
mechanical advantage.
5. (a.)  Describe a simple experiment to illustrate the meaning of each of the following terms:
conduction, convection, radiation.
(6.) By means of a drawing describe how an eclipse of the moon takes place.
6. (a.)  When an object is placed before a plane mirror its image is as far behind the mirror
as the object is in front of it, and the line joining object and image is perpendicular
to the mirror.    Prove that it follows from the above statement that the angle of
incidence of light is equal to the angle of reflection.
(6.) Describe an experimental proof of the Principle of Archimedes.
7. (a.) Describe the experiment by which Oersted proved that an electric current has the power
of producing magnetic effects.
(6.)  Given a compass-needle and wire carrying a  direct current,  show how to  find the
direction of the current,
(o.)  Describe an experiment which demonstrates that the electrostatic charges produced by
rubbing fur and ebonite together are equal in magnitude but opposite in kind.
 V 160 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Grade XL, Junior Matriculation and Normal Entrance.
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer question one and any six of the remainder.]
Value.
16        1. Give the origin and  chief characteristics  of:    (a)   sandy  soils;    (&)   clay  soils;
(c) peaty or humous soils.
14       2. Discuss the various factors which, taken together, determine the fertility of our soils.
14        3. Why are legumes especially valuable?    What means has been adopted to promote
vigorous growth of legumes?
14       4. Describe the cause, the effect, and the treatment of a plant disease common in your
locality.
14       5. Give the life-history of an insect doing serious damage in your locality and prescribe
methods of control.
14        6. Discuss the grade and the pure-bred animal from the standpoint of their present and
future value.
14       7. What are the important elements in an animal ration, and what are the main points
to be observed in practical feeding?
14       8. State fully the main factors to be observed in the production of first-class milk.
14       9. Provided good facilities, how would you handle 100 day-old chicks from April 1st
until they are ready for laying in the Autumn?
Algebra.    (Time, 2% hours.)
12 1. Factor:—
(a.) i2ac-8bc + 3ab-2b2.
(b.) p3 + 125qs.
(c.)  y°-X+3yX-28.
(a7.) x4 - x2 - 4 - 2x2y2 - 4a; + yK
10 2.  Simplify:—
ac
,    s   x — za    x-h za tac ,
(a.) + ,  when x = —
x + 2c    x -2c    x2 - ic2 a + c
i.sbc                        ca ab
\b-l , fw v + /Z rrr s. + ~,
(a-b)(a — c)    (b-~c)(b-a)    (c - a) (c - b)
4 3. (a.) Solve : s = ut + \gt2 for u ; for g ; for t.
5 (b.) Solve: 2x2 - 5x + 2.4165 = 0 to two places of decimals.
5 (c.) A man walks from A to B in h hours.    If he had walked a miles an hour
faster he would have been b hours less on the road.    Find the distance
from A to B, and the rate of walking.
14 4. (a.) A grocer spent $120 in buying tea at 60c. a lb., and 100 lb. of coffee. He
sold the tea at an advance of 25% on cost and the coffee at an advance
of 20%. The total selling price was $148. Find the number of pounds
of tea purchased and the cost of the coffee per pound.
(b.) A man spends $90 for wood, and finds when the price is increased $1.50 per
load he will get 3 loads less for the same money. What was the price
per load 1
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 161
Value.
14
12
12
12
5. (a.) Solve : —
x± + x2y2 + y4:=2l,
x2 + xy + y2 — 7.
(b.) Solve:—
3(z-l) = 2(y-l),
4(2/ + x) = 9z - 4,
7 (5a; - 3z) = 2y ~9.
Verify your results for 5 (6).
6. (a.) Find the square root of 83 + 12 J3b.
(b.) phe area of a rectangle is 16 JlO - 25, and one side is 3 JE - sJ2.    Find the
other side in simplified form.
(c.) Simplify : (x^
2x*y2 +y)2
(a;*
y
i
2N3
7.  (a.)
(b.)
If a, b, c are in continued proportion, prove—
ai + a2c2 + c4 = (a2 + b2 + c'2) (a2 - 62 + c2).
In a certain examination the number of those who passed was 3 times the
number of those who failed. If there had been 16 fewer candidates and
if 6 more had failed, the total number of candidates would have been to
the number who failed as 2 to 1.    Find the number of candidates.
1.  (a.) For what value of k does (3, - 2) lie on the line ix + ky — 2
(6.) Solve graphically : j/=— + x — 2 and j/ =
2a: - 3.
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer question one and any four of the remainder.    Illustrate answers
by sketches or diagrams'.]
28 !• A plant has a woody stem; leaves alternate, ovate, serrate, net-veined, petiolate;
inflorescence a simple umbel. Flowers have actinomorphic symmetry; calyx of
five coherent sepals; corolla of five free, obovate petals, perigynous; andraecium
of numerous stamens, also perigynous; gynoscium (pistil) of one carpel, half-
superior, arising from bottom of receptacle-cup, the base of which is lined by a
nectary.    Fruit a drupe.
(a.) From the above data classify the plant to its family, giving your reasons for
each step.
(6.)  Write its floral formula.
(c.)  For what method of pollination is it adapted?    Give reasons.
18 2. Draw and label the parts seen in the section of a mature angiosperm ovule. Describe
the changes which take place during its development into a seed.
18       3.  (a.)  Under the headings (1) location, (2) structure, and (3) function, explain the
following:   sieve-tube, spiral vessel, cambium, cork, lenticel.
(6.)  What happens after the stem of a dicotyledonous tree is "girdled" near the
ground?    Give reasons.
18       4. Describe experiments to prove that:—
(a.) leaves transpire,
(b.) leaves manufacture starch in sunlight,
(c.)  roots are sensitive to light,
(d.) roots are sensitive to gravitation.
11
 V 162
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
18
5.
What are " plant associations " ?   Name the principal members of any plant association you have studied, and explain how each member is suited to its habitat.
18
6.
What is meant by "Alternation of Generations"?    Illustrate by reference to the
life-history of a Pteridophyte.    In what other subdivisions does this occur?
Chemistry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[Candidates will answer all of Section A and any three questions from Section B.
Atomic weights are given at the end of the paper.]
Section A.
12
1.
(a.) Define the following terms:   molecular weight, critical temperature, oxidizing
agent, sublimation.
(&.)  Write the formula of the following compounds:   aluminium sulphide, sodium
aluminate, calcium bicarbonate, barium chlorate.
State the Law of Concentration or Mass Action.    Why is it important?    What types
of reaction will go completely in one direction?    Illustrate.    Why does the zinc
in a hydrogen generator dissolve less rapidly after a time, even though there is
stiU an excess of acid present?
14
2.
14
3.
Could either dilute hydrochloric or dilute sulphuric acid be used in the preparation
of hydrogen sulphide from iron sulphide?    Give reasons for your answer.    Which
of these two acids, when concentrated, must be used for the preparation of nitric
acid from sodium nitrate?    Why?
Which of the following compounds are oxidizing and which reducing agents:  hypo-
chlorous acid, hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen peroxide, sulphurous acid, manganese
dioxide?    Write one equation showing the reducing or oxidizing action of each.
12
4.
12
5.
Calculate how many grams (a) of silver sulphate and (b) of copper sulphate you
could make from a dime which is 10% copper.    A dime weighs 2.48 grams.
Section B.
12
6.
What is meant by the "Fixation of Nitrogen"?    Give an account of the methods
which have been evolved for this purpose.    What other elements besides nitrogen
are essential to plants?    Name three common artificial fertilizers.
12
7.
What products of commercial imp6rtance are produced from cellulose?    How would
you account for the difference in the properties of cellulose in cotton and in linen?
What is gained by mercerizing cotton?
12
8.
How does aluminium occur in nature?    How is the metal produced?    What special
properties has this metal which makes it so useful?    Write equations for its
reaction with (a) hydrochloric acid, (b) sodium hydrate.
12
9.
How would you test for the presence of the following in solution: hydrogen sulphide,
a  nitrate,   a  sulphate,   a   carbonate,   a   chloride,   an  iodide,   sodium  ion,   and
ammonium ion?
12
10.
1,000 liters of hydrogen measured under standard conditions will occupy what volume
at 600 mm. pressure and at —20° C?
12
11.
The analysis of a compound showed 26.5% carbon, 2.2% hydrogen, and the rest
oxygen.    The molecular weight was found to be 90.    What is its formula?
12
12.
What weight of iron sulphide will be required to furnish sufficient hydrogen sulphide
to reduce 10 grams of sulphur dioxide to sulphur?
FeS+2HCl=FeCl3+H2S;  2H2S+SO:,=2H:,0+3S.
Atomic weights:   Ag=108,  S=32,  0 = 16,  Cu=63.5,  C = 12,  Fe = 56.
•
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 163
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates are reminded that they are expected to spell and punctuate correctly. They are
therefore urged to leave some few minutes free for a revision of their papers. They are
also reminded that they cannot expect marks for paragraphs and essays that are not well
organized and well worked out. They are therefore urged to plan their compositions before
they begin to write. The plan of the essay in question 2 should be written in the examination book as part of the answer.]
Value.
25
75
1. State definitely what is ineffective or wrong in the following sentences, and rewrite
them in correct form:—
(a.) He declared that he was innocent.   That the evidence against him was a
" frame-up."
(6.)  I never heard him make use of an oath in my life, and in youth he possessed
the greatest spirits,
(c.)  As his wife, her every wish was granted.
(d.) His brief career in India showed him to be fawning towards his superiors,
inhumanly cruel to those in his power, and bad-mannered towards his
equals,
(e.)  It serves as a colorless transition rather than to make a definite statement.
2. Write a composition of about 300 words on one of the following subjects:—
(a.) The values of hard work during the summer vacation.
(6.) The characteristics and habits of Modestine.
(c.) The justice of the ending in Silas Mamer.
(d.) Rosalind as a character to be played by a boy-actor.
(e.) Lincoln's loneliness.
(/.) A character-sketch of Lynette.
(g.) Queen Elizabeth as pictured in Kenilworth.
English Literature.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[Candidates will write on Parts A and D, and on either Part B or Part C]
Part A.
3        l.(o.)  What is a "dramatic monologue"?
3 How does it differ from actual " drama " ?
10 (b.)  Contrast the character of Andrea with that of Ulysses, bringing out the mixture
of " good " and " evil " in each personage.
4 (c.)  Show that " The Blessed Damozel " may also be called a "dramatic monologue."
10       2. Show that "Merlin and the Gleam" is, as Tennyson's son called it, a  "literary
history " or biography of the poet.
10       3. Write brief notes  (of not more than a page at most)  on any two of the following
topics :—
(a.)  The situation (circumstances of time and place) in " The Souls of the Slain."
(6.)  A character sketch of Miss Thompson,
(c.)  Lawrence's feeling toward the Snake.
{d.)    Dr. Thomas Arnold.
 V 164 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Part B.
Value.
16        l.(o.)  Do you think that the first scene of the first act of The Merchant of Venice is a
successful " introduction " to the play?    Give reasons for your answer.
(6.)  And to what extent do you think the fifth act to be a successful (or unsuccessful) conclusion to the play?
10 2. Write on the character of Portia as one suitable to be played, as it was, by a boy-
actor.
Or •
Write on the mixture of elements—good and evil, tragic and comic—in Shylock.
14 3. Quote from the play a passage of about 12 consecutive lines. Show (a) how this
passage is related to its context, and (6) how it reveals the character of the
speaker.
Part C.
8 1. Do you think that the first scene of the first act of Macbeth is a successful " intro
duction " to the play ?    Give reasons for your answer.
18        2.  (o.)  Do you think that the Sleep-walking Scene is a just consequence of the character
and life of Lady Macbeth?    Give reasons for your answer.
(&.)  Discuss the following lines as a fit summary of Macbeth's life:—
Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
And then is heard no more;  it is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.
14 3. Quote from the play a passage of about 12 consecutive lines. The passage quoted
above must not be used. Show (a) how the lines chosen are related to their
context, and (b) how they reveal the character of the speaker.
Part D.
A poem for " sight-reading " :—
At dark a haggard lad and worn
Homed faltering to his house-place.
Long had he been a curse and bane—
A byeword, mean and base.
He bent to suffer fiery scorn;
He steeled his fickle heart to trace
In each sad eye the shame and pain
And grief of such disgrace.
Yet she that worthless one had borne
Into a proud and olden race,
Saw but her firstling child again
And ran and kissed his face.
9 (o.)  Briefly relate a story such as you imagine may lie behind this poem.
What famous story does the poem bring to mind?
What expression in the piece is a direct quotation from or reference to that story?
8        (b.)  Write short notes on the significance of the following expressions as used in the
poem :   " At dark," " worn," " fickle," " olden race."
3        (c.)  Point out the peculiarity of the rhyme-scheme.    How is it that the last line comes
to have such great emphasis?
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 165
Value.
16
French Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Write, in the spaces provided, the correct forms of the words in italics:—
Ma marraine me regardait:   elle avait des grands
yeux bleu    Elle me sourit et je lui voir	
des dents aussi blanc que les miens	
Elle parla :  sa voix doux chantait comme une source
dans les bois.    Puis elle me baiser ;   ses levres
etaient frais ;   encore aujourd'hui je les sentir
 sur mes vieux joues ridees.
II fallait que ce jeune femme etre	
charmante, car le souvenir que m'est reste de
lui a prendre une simplicite
lumineux	
2. Change the verbs of the following anecdote from the present to past, using the
imperfect or past definite, as required by the context:—
Le prince de Brunswick veut :*. surprendre pres de
Vessel un corps d'arinee command*? par le marquis de Castrie.    Le general
frangais, qui se doute du dessein du prince,
fait coucher son armee sous les armes.    II
envoie a la decouverte le capitaine d'Assas.
Pendant que cet officier avance '. dans l'obscurite,
des grenadiers ennemis Venvironner et lui
disent que s'il fait du
bruit, il meurt Apres un moment d'hesitation,
le capitaine crie :   " A moi, mes amis, voila
l'ennemi! "   II tombe aussitot perce de coups,
mais le regiment est sauve.
12
20        3. Put into French below the following passage.    (Work carefully.    Read over your
finished work.)
In Summer, few people remain in town, because it is so hot there. Some take
trips abroad; others go to visit some relatives or friends; others again go
to the sea-side. But I (emphatic) prefer to spend my holidays in the country.
Everything is so pleasant there, far from the noise and dust of the city. Last
year I enjoyed myself very much on my uncle's farm, but this year (emphatic)
■    . I don't know yet what I am going to do.    I shall have to work hard, however,
and make enough money to be able to go back to college in the Autumn.
Answer to question 3 :—
22        4. Make short, but complete, sentences to illustrate the use of :—
(a.)  Celui 	
(b.)  Avant de 	
(c.)  Dont   ;. ,	
(d.) Celle-ci '.	
(e.)  ObCir	
(/.)  Vieil	
(g.)  La plupart	
 V 166 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
(h.)  Plus de	
(i.) U faut que
()■) Eux 	
(fc.)  Servir de ..
16        5. Write a suitable pronoun in each of the spaces provided below:—
(a.)  Ce chapeau-ci est a , celui-la est a	
(6.)   , il restera, tandis que , je partirai
(c.)  Ce sont qui sont arrives les premiers, mais c'est
 qui avons remporte le prix.
(d.) Le livre clans tu lis n'est pas aussi interessant
que que je t'ai montre.
(e.)  Voila. deux morceaux de gateau;  preferez-vous?
Si j'etais a votre place, je prendrais	
(/.)  Ce .' vous me racontez la. n'est pas aussi interessant
que ce m'est arrive hier.
(g.)   est vrai que la lettre est perdue et :	
est bien dommage.
(7(.)  Le pere a-t-il parte de 1'affaire a, son fils?    Oh oui, il	
 a parte.
14        6. Complete the following sentences by putting the verbs printed in italics in the tense
required by the context:—
(a.) Je vous ai entendre , mademoiselle, mais je ne
vous ai pas repondre	
(b.)  Des que la femme &tre rentrer	
chez elle, le mart arriva.
(c.)  lis se sont bien amnser , mais Us s'en sont bien
repentir	
(d.) Faut-il que vous etre stupide pour ne pas m'avoir
comprendre	
(e.) Hier le maitre lire a haute voix, afin que les
eleves Ventendre	
(/.)  En travailler ferme, nous finissons toujours par
reussir	
(g.) Je veux que vous rester ici jusqu'a ce que vous
avoir fini votre devoir.
French Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[N.B.—Read the questions carefully before answering.]
40 1. You have been travelling in France for some time, visiting places of interest, making
Paris your headquarters. Every week you send a letter home relating what you
have been doing for the last few days.
Write such a letter now in French, about some building or place in Paris or out of
Paris, remembering as special features: la description, la situation, Vutiliti,
la beauti, les souvenirs historiques, votre impression personnelle.
Put the date in French; do not use your real name.
35        2.  (a.)  Give definitions in French of the  following words:   le pompier,  le chateau,
le heros, les vacances, l'avion.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 167
Value.
25
(6.)  Make five French sentences, of at least ten words, introducing in each, one of
the  following  expressions,   then   translate   these  sentences   into   English:
en mSme temps, comme il faut, servir a, etre en train de, venir de.
(e.) Rewrite the following sentences, changing the words italicized into others which
have the same meaning :—
(1.) lis se sont 'dirigis vers la galerie de tableaux dans laquelle le gardien
bon enfant leur a immidiatement fait voir toutes les curiosites.
(2.) Dans huit jours nous prendrons le bateau qui va vite entre les deux
ports.
3. This passage is not to be translated.    Try to understand it, showing that you have
.   ,       done so by answering the questions in English.
Un Espagnol cheminait avec difliculte dans des montagnes;   la nuit etait tres
sombre;  on y voyait a peine a, deux pas devant soi, il pleuvait a verse et les
habits du voyageurs etaient tout trempes d'eau.    De plus un grand vent qui
lui frappait la figure rendait sa marche en avant penible et dangereuse, aussi
le pauvre voyageur, n'avancait tra' k pas comptes.
Enfin il arriva a une petite auberge, humble hotel de la campagne, et il y frappa
*        a coups redoubles.
L'aubergiste, qui dormait, s'eveilla en sursaut (en sautant) courut en toute hate
a. la fenetre qu'il ouvrit.
—Qui est la?    crie-t-il.
—Don  Pedro  Hermandez,  Rodrigo  de  Villanova,  Comte  de  Malafra,  Marquis
de . . .
—Je n'ai qu' une chambre de libre, repliqua l'hote, je ne puis loger tous ces gens-lii.
II referma brusquement la fenetre et alia se recoucher.
Notre Espagnol, tout stupefie, se promit qu' a. l'avenir il dissimulerait ses titres
quand il lui faudrait demander une chambre.
Questions:—■
(1.)  De quel pays etait le heros de l'histoire et oft se trouve ce pays?
(2.) Dans quelle partie de la journee voyageait-il et quel temps faisait-il?
(3.)  Pourquoi l'homme marchait-il lentement?
(4.)  Quelle difference y-a-t-il entre un hotel et une auberge?
(5.)  Quelle est cette liste que le voyageur donne & la question de l'aubergiste?
(6.) Pourquoi l'hflte n'a-t-il pas accueilli l'Espagnol?
(7.)  Quelle est la resolution prise par ce dernier?
(8.) Quel titre donneriez-vous a cette histoire?
13
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[N.B.—Draw neat diagrams; use printed capitals.   Cite authorities by number
or by enunciation.]
1. (o.) In an obtuse-angled triangle the square on the side opposite the obtuse angle
equals the sum of the squares on the other two sides increased by twice
the rectangle contained by either of these sides and the projection on it
of the other.
(6.) In the triangle ABC, AB=10, BC=5, AC=6. Compute the length of the
projection of BC upon AC.
13
2. State in words the geometric meaning of the identity (o—b)2=a2+V
by means of a diagram and give proof.
-2o&.   Illustrate
 V 168 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
13       3.  (a.) The angles made by a tangent to a circle with a chord drawn from the point
of contact are respectively equal to the angles in the alternate segments
of the circle.
3 (6.)  If ACB is the tangent to the circle at the point C, CD the chord, and CED an
angle in one of the alternate segments, into what does the angle CED develop
when E coincides with D?
13 4. Show how to construct a rhombus ABCD having its diagonal AC in a given line and
its sides AB, BC, CD passing through three given points L, M, N respectively.
Give a proof.
13        5.  (o.)  The areas of similar triangles are proportional to the squares on corresponding
sides.
3 (b.) Two similar triangles have areas of 75 sq. cm. and 192 sq. cm., and the base of
the smaller triangle is 10 cm.    Find the base of the larger triangle.
13        6. Make an accurate construction for the following, omitting proof but showing all
necessary construction lines:—
The bisectors of the interior and the exterior vertical angles at A of the triangle
ABC (having AB=41/£ in., BC = 4 in., AC = 1% in.) meet the circumscribed
circle in the mid-points of the arcs into which the base BC divides the
circumference; and the line joining these points is the diameter which
bisects the base.
[Note.—Candidates will work either 7 or 8.   // both questions are done, only the first
one attempted will be marked.]
13 7. Through a given point without a circle draw, when possible, a straight line cutting
the circle so that the part of the line within the circle may equal the part of
the line without the circle.
8. There are two concentric circles and a straight line ABC cuts the circumference of
one of them in A and the circumference of the other in B and C. Show that
the tangents at B and C intersect the tangent at A at points equidistant from
the common centre.
German Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
8 1,   Write in German simple answers to the following questions, using in each case
a suitable preposition and without repeating a preposition :—
(1-) SBomit fdjretben @ie?
(2.) SBoBiti gefiert <3ie?
(3.) aSorauS trinfen @te?
(4.) iffiann firtb @te gefommen ?
(5.) SBie lange finb <3ie fdjott Bier?
(6.) 2Borauf tegen @te ba§ 93udj ?
(7.) SBoran benfen @te?
(8.) SfBarum bleibett <3ie im -Spaufe?
6 2. Use in complete sentences the genitive singular of: 3fame, .Sperr, SBodje; and
the genitive plural of : ©tctbt, £odjter, £mug.
10        3. Fill in correct endings and insert articles where necessary, then rewrite in the
plural:—
$n—prad)tigft—©ebaube bte§—oorne^m — ©trafee rao^nt—reicf)— 3)ame mit
ifyr—jttjtg—©oljn—f.etn—jtnace reitet oft anf—fdjon—S|3ferb burdj—
fjerrltdj—S^arf. SBa^renb—gerieu befudjt er mit fein—fjii&fdj—goufine
fein—alt—Onfel auf—Sattb.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 169
Value.
10
10
8
15
12
16
4. (a.) Change the following infinitives, to the correct form of the present tense :—
(1.) @r mitnefimen bag SBucfj.
(2.) SDu nergeffen ,511 fdjneH.
(3.) (St anfefjen eg genau.
(4.) ©it jerbrecben bie J?reibe.
(5.) @r nerlaffen bag dimmer.
(5.) Write the future of (1), the future-perfect of (2),  and  all the imperative
forms of e§ genau anfeben and bag gimmer nerlaffen.
5. Change the following verbs to the imperfect and pluperfect tenses:—
(1.) 3d) ejfemem gritbftM.
(2.) SDu betracbteft bie Sanbfcbaft.
(3.) (5r b»ft bem Safer.
(4.) 3Btr fabren balb ab.
(5.) $br rcerbet mitbe.
6. Put into German :—
(1.) He likes to play tennis but he prefers football.
(2.) This small boy writes better than his older brother.
(3.) The highest buildings are in the largest cities.
(4.) Which book do you like best?
7. Put into German :—
(1.) Whose pencil is this 1    My sister lost hers ; shall I give her this one ?
(2.) Haven't you any?    To whom have-you given yours?
(3.) That one is mine; please give it to me.
(4.) The old is often better than the new.
(5.) Every traveller likes.to see new and interesting things.
8. (a.) Combine the following sentences by means of a relative pronoun :—
(1.) 3d) Jjabe eben SDetnen 93rief erfjaftett.    ®u fcbrtebft if)it feijte 2Bocf)e.
(2.) Sfteht greunb if, nad) §aufe gegaitgen.    (Seine SDJutter iff franf.
(3.) $ene Same iff meine Xante.    3d) fprad) foeben mit if;r.
(5.) Combine the following sentences by means of a conjunction :—
(1.) ©te gtngen fofort §u Sett,    ©te raaren miibe.
(2.) @tbt eg eine gute ©cfjule Bier ?    @ie rotffen eg nid)t.
9. Put into German :—
(1.) He can learn German if he wants to.
(2.) He had to go to school because his father wished it.
(3.) We were sorry that you were not well yesterday.
(4.) She brought them three cups of coffee and two glasses of milk.
(5.) He thought they had arrived on Wednesday, March 21st, 1928.    (In
full.)
10. Put into German :—
My young brother gets up at half past seven every morning because he has
to be at school at a quarter to nine. He washes and dresses himself
quickly, then after he has had his breakfast, he takes his books, puts
 V 170 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
on his hat and leaves the house at twenty minutes after eight. On the
way to school he can play with his friends but in the class he has to
pay attention. If he does not know his lesson, he must stay in after
school.    In the evening he soon gets tired and goes to bed.
German Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
60 1. Put into English :—
(1.) 2tm SRorgen fonnte er burcb bag (Stfengttter oor bent genfter fetjen, true bie
&ute aus ber ©tabt b/rbeieilten, urn tlm fjangen gu fefjen. (Sr fjorte
bie Strommeln unb fab bie ©olbaten marfcbieren. 3ffle liefen binau§;
unter ibnen roar audj ein ©djufjmadjerfunge mit ©cburgfell unb
rjScnttoffeln. SMefer lief fo im ©alopp, baf? einer feiner 5pantoffel
abflog unb gerabe gegen bie SRauer, roo ber ©olbat fafj unb burd)
bag Stfengitter ftinau§fah.
(2.) 2luf bem Jpeimroeg Jam er abenbg in ein fleineg SBirt§l)aug, bag mit
©aften angefiillt roar. SDie ©afte roaren fe&r freunblid) unb luben
ifjn ein, mit ifinen ju effen; er aber lacbte. ,,3tyt Bafit felber nid)t
genug, alfo foUt ifjr metne ©afte fein." 3)ann ftetlte er fein
fjoljerneg £ifd)cben auf ben gupoben unb fprad): ,,£ifd)djen, beef'
bid)." 3llg bie ©afte bie fdjonen ©peifen faben, jogen fie ifjre 5Dceffer
unb a§en fo Dtel roie fie fonnten. Uub roenn eine ©cbiiffel leer roar,
fo ftanb gleid) eine nolle an iljrem Slatj.
(3.) ,,3Ber fann luftig fein, roenn'g einem an ben .Stagen gef)t?" antroortete
bie fiatje; ,,roeil id) nun ju 3al)ren fomme, metne 3S£)ne ftumpf
roerben unb id) lieber flutter bem Ofen fitse unb fntnne al§ nad)
SDcetufen l)erumjage, Bat mid) meine Jperrin erfdufen roollen. 3^
Babe mid) groar nod) fortgemacbt, aber nun iff guter 9tat teuer; roo
foil id) fjin?" ,,@eb mit ung nad) Sremen, bu oerftebft bie lUafyU
mufti, ba fannft bu ©tabtmuftfant roerben." S)a bie .false nicbtg
SSeffereg ju tun roufjte, ging fie mit.
(4.) SSor niefen, niefen 3<tf)ren, alg ber macbtigfte 93anm beg SBafbeg nodi) af§
^etmting in einer braunen (Sicfjet fcbltef, roufjte man nod) nid)tg oon
ber .Speillraft beg (Sfelgbrunneng. S)ie ©afte, bie ftdE) an feinem
3tanb einfanben, roaren £iere beg SBalbeg ober roeibenbeg Siel),
.gitrten unb Jpo leaner, l^a^n unb Soljfenbrenner, unb bie SJceufdjen
lobten bag fiible Staffer, unb ba§ ©etter tat in feiner 3Beife ba§
gleid)e.
(5.) SRein ©ofm, mag birgft bu fo bang bein ©eftcbt?—
©tefjft, 93ater, bu ben ©rltbnig nid)t?
S)en (Srlenfonig mit £ron' unb ©djroeif ?—
9Jcein ©obn, eg ift ein .Tcebelftretf.—
,,Dtt liebeg £tnb, lomm, geB mit mir !
@ar fd)one ©piete fpief' id) mit bir;
Stand) bunte Slnmen finb an bem ©tranb ;
SOcetne SOcutter fjat mancf) guiben ©eroanb."
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 171
Value.
10
15
15
(6.) 3d) roar ein lleiner Jlnabe, ftanb feft faum auf bem S3ein,
SDa nabm mid) fd)on mein 33ater mit in bag 9Jceer binein,
Unb feBrte feid)t mid) fd)roimmen an feiner fid)ern .fpanb,
Unb in bie gfuten taudjen big nieber auf ben ©anb.
(Sin ©ifberftMdjen roarf er breimal ing 9Jceer binab.
Unb breimal mu§t1 icf)1g fjolen, el; er'g gum Sob)n mir gab.
2. Translate at sight:—
(Sin turftfcfjer ^rinj beobadjtete einen Sag in (Snglanb jum erftenmal ein
lebbafteg gttpafffpiel. (Sr fofgte bem ©piel mit gro§em tntereffe. 2IIS
e§ rioritber roar, fragte ifjn ein Sefannter: ,,?hm roag benfen @ie uom
guPallfpiel, rote gefafft eg 3f)nen?" 2)er ^rtnj antroortete: ,,3d) bin
nod) nicfit im ffaren baritber; fiir ein ©piet fcbeint eg mir ein roenig jtt
otef unb fiir eine ©djladjt §u roenig."
3. Put into German :—
Many years ago there lived in Frankfurt a merchant who had all sorts of
things for sale in his shop. One day a young fellow came in and
asked for a ribbon for his hat, long enough to reach from one ear to
the other. The merchant said it would cost 2 hellers, but when he
went to cut it off, he could not find the second ear and learned that
the hangman had cut it off in Erfurt.
4. Write in German a description of a pleasantly spent day.
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer any four questions.]
15       1. Show how the defects of the Old Regime brought about the French Revolution.
10 What part did the philosophers play?
15       2. Compare Mirabeau, Danton, and Robespierre as revolutionary leaders.
10 Why did republican France declare war on the European monarchs?
18       3. Trace the career of Napoleon Bonaparte from the formation of the Empire to the
first abdication  (1814).
7 What permanent benefits did Europe receive from his rule?
10       4. Why did the Industrial Revolution first occur in England?
15 Estimate the chief economic and social changes wrought by this revolution.
15       5.  (o.) Why did Metternich's system withstand the Revolutions of 1830 but fall before
the Revolutions of 1848?
10 (°-) Compare Mazzini and Cavour as makers of Modern Italy.
20       6. Trace the growth of the reform movement in either Great Britain or Ireland during
the reign of Queen Victoria, 1837-1901.
5 Account for the triumph of women's suffrage in the twentieth century.
25       7. What changes in  the relations between  the Motherland and  the self-governing
Dominions have occurred since the Diamond Jubilee Conference of 1897?
25       8. Sketch the development of the Second German Empire from 1871 to 1918.
25       9- Estimate the achievements and failure of the League of Nations since 1919.
 V 172 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Latin Authors and Sight Translation.    (Time, 2V2 hours.)
A. Caesar, De Bello Gallico, Books IV. and V.
Value.
2 1. Translate:—
Obtestatus deos ut ea res legioni feliciter eveniret, ' desilite,' inquit, ' milites, nisi
vultis aquilam hostibus prodere.'
6        2. Translate:—
Caesar  questus  quod  cum  ultro  in  continentem  legatis   missis  pacem  ab   se
petissent,  bellum sine causa  intulissent,  ignoscere  se imprudentiae  dixit
obsidesque imperavit.
(a.) Petissent.   Account for the mood.    What are the other meanings of cum that
may be followed by the subjunctive?
(6.) Intulissent.   How would the meaning be changed if intulerant were substituted?
4       3. Translate:—
His superatis aut reditu interclusis neminem postea belli inferendi causa in
Britanniam transiturum confidebant.
(a.) Belli inferendi causa.    Express by an ut clause, by ad with the gerundive.
3 4. Translate:—
Si sese interfici nollent arma ponere iusserunt.
Give the exact words of the command (a) in English;   (b) in Latin.
8        5. Translate:—
Legatis imperat quos legionibus praefecerat uti quam plurimas possint hieme
naves aedificandas veteresque reficiendas curent.
(a.) Legatis, quos, legionibus, Meme.    Account for the case.
(6.) Possint.   Account for the mood,
(c.)  If imperat is changed to imperavit, what further changes will be needed?
6 6. Translate:—
Posteaquam id obstinate sibi negari vidit, omni spe irupetrandi adempta principes
Galliae sollicitare, sevocare singulos hortarique coepit ut in continente
remanerent.
(a.) Id, spe.   Account for the case.
(&.) Remanerent.    Account for the mood.
8        7. Translate:—
Sed ea celeritate atque eo impetu milites ierunt cum capite solo ex aqua exstarent,
ut hostes impetum legionum atque equitum sustinere non possent ripasque
dimitterent ac se fugae mandarent.
(a.)  Celeritate, capite, fugae.    Account for the case.
(&.) Exstarent, possent.   Account for the mood.
B. Virgil, Selections.
7 8. Translate:—
Forsitan et, Priami fuerint quae fata, requiras.
urbis uti captae casum convulsaque vidit
limina tectorum et medium in penetralibus hostem,
arma diu senior desueta trementibus aevo
circumdat nequiquam umeris et inutile ferrum
cingitur, ac densos fertur moriturus in hostes.
(a.)  Umeris, ferrum.   Account for the case.
(6.) Fuerint.   Account for the mood,
(c.)  Scan the line limina, etc.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 173
Value.
7        9. Translate:—
hie currus fuit; hoc regnum dea gentibus esse,
si qua fata sinant, iam turn tenditque fovetque.
progeniem sed enim Troiano a sanguine duci
audierat, Tyrias olim quae verteret arces;
hinc populum late regem belloque superbum
venturum excidio Libyae:   sic volvere Parcas.
(a.)  Progeniem.    Account for the case.
(b.) Sinant, verteret.   Account for the mood.
7     10. Translate:—
haec secum:  ' Mene incepto desistere victam,
nee posse Italia Teucrorum avertere regem?
quippe vetor fatis.   Pallasne exurere classem
Argivum atque ipsos potuit submergere ponto
unius ob noxam et f urias Aiacis Oilei? '
(o.) Me, incepto, Italia.   Account for the case.
(6.)  Scan the line unius, etc.
7     11. Translate:—
nascetur pulchra Troianus origine Caesar,
imperium Oceano, famam qui terminet astris,
Iulius, a magno demissum nomen Iulo.
hunc tu olim caelo, spoliis Orientis onustum,
accipies secura ; vocabitur hie quoque votis.
(a.)  Origine, secura.    Account for the case.
(b.)  Terminet.    Account for the mood,
(c.)  Hie quoque.    What is the implication of quoque t
C. Sight Translation.
35      12. Translate at sight:—
Lucius Tarquinius rex Romanorum factus milites cogere incepit ut bellum
Apiolanis populo gentis Latinae non ignobili inferret. Apiolani enim
et reliqui omnes Latini post Marcii mortem arbitrati se iam Romanos
vincere facile posse agrum Romanum vastabant. Quod cum audivisset,
Tarquinius magno cum exercitu in eos profectus est. Cum ex finitimis
locis magna Latinorum auxilia convenissent bis cum illis pugnavit.
Hostibus in utroque proelio superatis urbem oppugnare constituit
cum existimaret si urbs eorum capta esset milites mox se dedituros esse.
Oppido per vim capto, maior Apiolanorum pars in ipsa pugna occisa est,
pauci vero armis traditis una cum liberis coniugibusque in servitutem ah
Romanis abducti sunt. Rex urbe incensa domum copias victor reduxit.
Quo facto omnes cives deos rogabant ut pax sibi daretur. Rex autem qui
quam plurimas gentes civitati Romanae adiungere volebat, exercitum in
urbem Crustuminorum duxit, qui cum vidissent quantae copiae contra se
venirent, nee sperarent auxilia sibi a Latinis mitti posse, portas aperuerunt.
Senes cum mulieribus liberisque ex urbe egressi ad pedes regis se proiecerunt
orantes ut sibi parceretur. Veniam precibus impetraverunt. Quo factum
est ut numquam postea Crustumini Romanis parere nollent sed quam maxime
essent auxilio.
incepit=coepit.
venia = " pardon."
 V 174 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Latin Grammar and Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
13 1. Write the genitive plural of:—
ille dies 	
corpus breve ;..
vester ignis	
the dative singular of :■—
uter homo 	
miles solus  :	
hoe tempus 	
the ablative singular of:—
idem flumen  	
iter difficile 	
the genitive singular of:—
idem nomen 	
neuter ager 	
res maior	
the accusative plural of:—
mare minus	
genus utile 	
3       2. Write the genitive singular (with the adjective in the superlative) of:
fructus similis 	
the accusative plural (with the adjective in the comparative) of:—
caput pulchrum	
the ablative singular (with the adjective in the superlative) of:—
dies bonus	
14 3. Write the second plural present indicative of :—
capio (active and passive)	
fero (active and passive)	
vereor  	
malo 	
the second singular perfect indicative active of:—
do 	
the first plural present subjunctive of :■—
absum  	
proficiscor	
the third singular future indicative active of:—
parco 	
do 	
the singular present imperative passive of:—
impono 	
the singular present imperative of:—
sum	
abeo 	
17        4. Write in Latin:—
(a.) We shall make war upon you.
(6.) Do not do this.
(c.) Are you willing to set out?
(d.) They marched five miles.
(e.)  He will find out what is being done.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 175
Value.
(/.)  They promised to come.
(g.) A man of very great influence.
(h.)  The others returned in safety.
(i.) Let us spare them.
(j.) He will use my sword.
5. Translate into Latin:—
5 (o.)  If our men had made an attack upon the enemy they would easily have put
them to flight.
4
5
5
5
(6.)  Caesar asked the captives where the river could be crossed.
(c.)  The chieftains were so much alarmed that they at once sent away all their
people into the forests.
(d.)  They begged Caesar not to put Labienus in charge of the fleet.
(e.) I am afraid that he will not obey the laws of the state.
(/.)  When he came into the camp he was informed that the soldiers were unable
to resist any longer.
4
5
5
(g.) He replied that he had not ventured to leap down into the water.
(h.) He declared that he had always helped us as much as possible.
(i.)  I always used to think that the Britons were braver than the Romans.
(j.)  On the following day he ordered the legions to be summoned from the
mainland.
(k.) It is much more useful to injure the fields of the enemy.
 V 176 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-2S.
Physics.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[The last question and any other seven constitute a full paper.]
Value.
12        1.  (a.)  A mass of 100 pounds is suspended at a point 4 feet from one end of a 10-foot
pole which is held in a horizontal position by two men, one at either end.
Neglecting the weight of the pole, calculate the weight supported by the man
nearest the suspended mass.    What weight is borne by the other man?
(6.)  What is the pressure in grams per square cm. at a depth of 100 metres in
sea-water, the density of which is 1.025.    (Do not consider the atmospheric
pressure.)
12        2.  (a.)  The volume of a given mass of gas is 1,000 cc. at a temperature of 27° C. and a
pressure of 15 pounds per sq. inch.    Calculate its volume at a temperature
of 627° C. and a pressure of 60 pounds per sq. inch.
(6.)  Define the following terms:   coefficient of linear• expansion, thermal capacity,
relative humidity.
12 3. (a.) If 50 grams of ice are placed in 520 grams of water at 19.8° C. and the temperature of the whole becomes 11.1° C, what is the heat of fusion of ice? Show
how, in the actual experiment, you would make allowance for the water
equivalent of the calorimeter.
(b.) Explain by reference to simple experiments why water does not boil at 100° C.
in the open air at high elevations.
12 4. (a.) If the vibration number of C. is 300, calculate the length of the shortest open
tube that will be in resonance with F. Take the velocity of sound in air
to be 1,120 feet per second.
(6.) Describe, using diagrams, transverse wave motion and longitudinal wave motion.
Mark on each diagram the wave length and the amplitude. Give one
example from nature of each type of wave motion.
12        5.  (a.)  Four standard candles near together are placed on one side of the screen of
a Bunsen photometer and 20 inches from it.    How far must a 16-c.p. electric
lamp be placed from the other side to cause the grease-spot to disappear?
(6.)  By reference to the spectrum show how the colour of natural objects arises.
12       6. (o.) By means of a diagram show how the eye sees the image of an object placed
before a plane mirror.
(6.)  Describe the simple experiments which lead us to suppose that each molecule
of iron may be a magnet.
12        7.  (a.)  The index of refraction from air to water is 4/3 and from air to crown-glass
is 3/2.    If the velocity of light in air is 186,000 miles per second, find the
velocity in water and the index of refraction from water to crown-glass.
(&.)  Describe the electrophorus and explain in terms of the electron theory how it
works.
12       8. Answer part (a) and either (&) or (c).
(a.) A coil of insulated wire is wound around a horizontal paper tube and the ends
are joined to make a complete electric circuit. The N-pole of a bar magnet
is introduced into the right-hand end of the tube. Mark on the drawing
(1) the direction of the induced current, (2) the induced polarity of the coil.
State clearly how you arrive at the result.
(&.)  Find the cost per hour of operating an electric toaster which takes 6 amperes
current at 110 volts pressure if the rate is 5 cents per kilowatt-hour.
Or
(c.) An electric iron of resistance 55 ohms is used at 110 volts pressure. How much
heat does it generate per minute?
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 177
Value.
16        9.  (a.)  A force of 50 dynes acts on a mass of 5 grams which is free to move.    If the
body starts from rest, calculate:—
(1.)  The acceleration.
(2.)  The distance the body goes in the second second.
(3.)  The effective work done upon the body in the first 10 seconds.
(6.)  A man weighing 200 pounds climbs to a vertical height of 33 feet in 1 minute.
At what horse-power is he working?
/
12
 V 178 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Grade XL, Normal Entrance.
Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.]
1. (a.)  Explain clearly the importance of the inclination of the earth's axis.
(6.) Account for any differences between the coast-line of Western Canada and that of Southeastern United States.
(c.) State three ways in which fertile soil may originate. Locate regions to illustrate your
answer.
2. (a.)  What conditions are most favourable for growing wheat and tea?   Locate regions in the
British Empire where each is produced extensively.    Where are the chief markets?
(6.)  What plant is associated with each of the following products: molasses, calico, chocolate,
castile soap,  linseed oil,  silk, macaroni, grapefruit?   Which  of  these plants  are
annuals?
(o.)  From what sheep is the best wool produced?    What country provides the greatest supply
of this wool, and why?    Name the two yarns which are spun from wool and give an
example of cloth manufactured from each.
3. (a.)  The general character of the surface of Canada divides the country into certain regions.
By means of a sketch-map show the location and extent of each of these divisions.
(6.)  By reference to five Canadian rivers show the value of Canada's water-power resources
with respect to industrial development,
(c.)  Locate definitely the principal productive regions for the following Canadian products:
apples, cheese, bridge-timber, gold, corn, newsprint, grapes, tobacco.
4. (a.)  " British Columbia has at least two well-marked and distinctive climatic areas."    Define
these areas and account for the distinctive climatic features of each.    How do the
abrupt climatic changes influence vegetation in these areas?
(B.)  On a sketch-map show the Rocky Mountain Trench and the rivers which flow along it.
(c.) Account for the growth of four of the largest cities of British Columbia.
5. Compare the basin of the Mississippi River with that of the Nile as regards the following:
Range of latitude;  Navigation;   Floods (cause, control, effects) ;   Agriculture.
6. (a.)  Why has Great Britain so many good harbours?    Name and locate the principal harbours
of England and Wales and describe the commerce of any two.
(b.) Name the city associated with each of the following, give the approximate latitude of
each, and state on what body of water each is located:—
(1.)  The world's greatest grain market.
(2.)  Europe's most famous winter and health resort.
(3.)  One of the two largest coffee ports of the world.
(4.) The world's greatest spiee market.
(5.)  Canada's commercial and financial centre.
(6.)  A city having 0° longitude.
(7.)  The world's most northerly town.
(8.)  The largest city in Australia.
(9.)  The world's greatest wild rubber port.
7. (a.) Describe the principal sources of national wealth of any two of the following:   Holland,
Indo-Ganges Plain, Chile, New Zealand, California, Czechoslovakia, Japan,
(b.) What country leads in the production of iron and steel?    Where is its main supply of
raw material?    Where is the manufacturing district?
(c.) Mexico has great natural resources.   What hinders its development?
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 179
Grade XII., Senior Matriculation.
Algebra.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
12 1.  (a.)  If p : q — r : s show that p :p + q=pr - qr :pr - qs.
(b.) The incomes of A and B are in the ratio 3 : 4 and their expenditures are in
the ratio 5 : 7.    Find their incomes if each saves $500 a year.
12        2. (a.) Find the sum of the first 30 terms of the A.P., whose first term is 29 and
whose fourth term is 23.
(6.) If xv x9, xs, . . . Xin denote successive terms of a G.P. show that
x1 + xi+ . ■■■> +xn^xn+1 + xn+2+ ... + x<>„
X] xn^.^
12 3.  Solve the equations :—
Jx + 48 + Jx     Jx- i+ J3
(a-) ■  -- = —r== =-•    Verity.
Jx + 48 - Jx     Jx - 4 - J3
n .1     1    x+y 7
x    y      12      x + y + 5
14        4. (a-) Form the equation whose roots are less by unity than those of x2 + 3x + 6 = 0.
(6.)  Under what conditions are the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0 reciprocals ?
(c.)   If f(x) = c^Z^x prove /(* + y) = /& +{^
ax + a-x l+f(x).f(y)
10 5.  The kinetic energy of a flywheel of given radius varies as the mass M and the
square of the number of revolutions N per minute. When M = 2,000 lb.,
K= 150, the kinetic energy is 63,000 ft. lb. What will be the energy when
M= 1,700 lb., N=1221
14        6. (a.) Write the 7th term of (3 -x.
(6.)  Find the coefficient of x5 in
l
(c.)  Write the first four terms of the expansion of (1 - x)    2.    Take a; = 0.02 and
deduce the value of J2 to 4 decimal places.
14 7. (a.) Prove the formula nCr _ nCn __ r[
(b.) In how many ways can the letters of the word point be arranged if the
letter p is always first 1
(c.) From 3 pencils, 2 pens, and 5 erasers how many selections can be made
taking at least one of each ?
12 8.  A man buys a car for $1,000, and estimates that he will be allowed $400 for it
in purchasing a new car three years later.    How much should he save at the
end of every three months for the purchase of the new car at $1,200 if he
deposits his savings in the bank at 4% interest compounded quarterly?
Use such of the following as you need:—
(1.01)11 = 1.115668.
(1.01)i2=1.126825.
(1.01)ls= 1.138093.
 [Questions are of equal value.   Ansiver five only.   Illustrate anstvcrs by sketches
or diagrams.]
1. Compare Pleurococcus, Paramcecium, and Lumbricus  (Earth-worm)  with each other under
the following heads :   (a) structure;  (&) nutrition;  (c) power of movement.
2. (a.)  In what respects may the blood system be regarded as accessory to respiration?
(&.)  What changes occur in the blood during one complete cycle?    You may illustrate by
reference to the blood system of the frog, or any higher animal.
3. Discuss fully the characteristics of living things.
4. The structure of cells is related to the function they perform.    Discuss this statement, and
illustrate by describing five examples.
5. Describe, and compare with each other, the dentition of the cat and of the horse.    How is the
structure of the teeth related to the natural food of the animal?
6. Describe an experiment to prove that respiration takes place during the growth of yeast.
How does respiration in yeast differ from that in man?
Chemistry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Ansiver ten only.    Atomic weights are given
at the end of the paper.]
1. State the laws of chemical combination by weight, and show that they are the natural
consequences of an atomic structure of matter.
2. Define the following terms:   basic salt, double salt, complex ion, solubility-product, vapour
pressure.
3. Explain fully the use of hydrogen sulphide as a chemical reagent.    Describe an experimental
proof of its molecular formula.
4. Write an account of the chemistry of phosphorus, arsenic, and antimony and their compounds.
Indicate clearly any gradation in physical and chemical properties of the elements and
their compounds with increasing atomic weight of the elements.
5. Which would take the more alkali to neutralize, a liter of normal acetic acid or a liter of
normal hydrochloric acid? AVhy? Why does silver bromide dissolve in a solution of
potassium cyanide, likewise in a solution of sodium thiosulphate?
6. Write an account of the chemistry of copper and its compounds.
7. State the special properties of each of the following metals or alloys which render them
useful either commercially or in the laboratory : aluminium, chromium-vanadium steel,
invar, duriron, Wood's metal.
8. Why  does lead hydroxide  dissolve in  sodium  hydroxide solution  but  not in ammonium
hydroxide? Why does cupric hydroxide dissolve in ammonium hydroxide but not in
sodium hydroxide? Why does zinc sulphide precipitate from a zinc chloride solution with
ammonium sulphide but not with hydrogen sulphide?
9. A liter of oxygen at standard conditions weighs 1.429 grams.    440 cc. of this gas measured
over water at 24° C. and 742 mm. will contain what weight of dry gas? (Vapour pressure
of water at 24° =22.2 mm.)
10. What weight of sodium sulphate would it theoretically be possible to make from 10 grams of
sodium, 11 grams of sulphur, and 40 grams of oxygen?
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 181
11. A slight excess of barium chloride solution was added to 400 cc. of a solution of sulphuric
acid.    From the weight of the barium sulphate precipitated, 4.12 grams, calculate the
normality of, the acid.
12. 15 grams of an alloy of zinc and copper  (containing 10% copper)  were placed in a vessel
containing 100 grams of sulphuric acid  (25% H,S04).    What weight of hydrogen was
liberated ?
Atomic weights :  Na = 23, S = 32, O = 16, Ba = 137, Zn r= 65.
English Composition.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
20        1. Improve each of the following sentences, and state clearly your reason for doing go :—
(a.) A fly-rod may be of lancewood, greenheart, split bamboo, steel, or many
other materials.    But the easiest to make is the lancewood rod.
(b.) He is not only experienced in this business, but he is conservative in his
methods and his prospects are considered favourable, and we do not
hesitate to recommend him for the amount of credit indicated.
(c.) If the request is within reason, the employer is not likely to refuse it, if it is
not made too frequently.
(d.) The objects of this science are to determine the constituents of which the
material world is composed, reducing these constituents to their simplest
forms, and building up new chemical compounds from them.
(e.) Without obligating myself, please send further particulars, together with
your illustrated booklet.
10       2. Name five methods of paragraph development.    Select one of the following topics,
and write a paragraph to illustrate one of these methods:—•
(a.)  Men's lives are affected by small things.
(6.)  The thirst for novelty takes man to distant countries,
(c.) All the world's a stage.
15        3. Considering each of the essentials of a good paragraph, state your opinion of the
following:—
" The style of Bunyan is delightful to every reader, and invaluable as a study to
every person who wishes to obtain a wide command over the English language.
The vocabulary is the vocabulary of the common people. There is not an
expression, if we except a few technical terms of Theology, which would
puzzle the rudest peasant. We have observed several pages which do not
contain a single word of more than two syllables. Yet no writer has said
more exactly what he meant to say. For magnificence, for pathos, for
vehement exhortation, for subtle disquisition, for every purpose of the poet,
the orator, and the divine, this homely dialect, the dialect of plain working-
men, was perfectly sufficient. There is no book in our literature on which
we could so readily stake the fame of the old unpolluted English language;
no book which shows so well how rich that language is in its own propel
wealth, and how little it has been improved by all it has borrowed."
55        4. Draw up a plan, and write an expository essay of about 300 words on one of the
following topics :—
(a.) The type of moving picture I like best.
(6.) My favourite character in Senior Matriculation Literature.
(e.) The choice of a profession.
 English Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
14       1.  (a.) Poetic skill has been defined as " the power of using words so as to produce in
us a sort of enchantment."    Quote, or carefully paraphrase, the poem in
Methuen's Anthology that, in your opinion, best accomplishes this.    Point
out some of the means by which this effect is obtained.
(6.)  Name six other poems that charm in the same way.
14       2.  (a.)  For what reason has the work of Thomas Hardy been much discussed this year?
Write about two pages on his chief characteristics as a poet.
(6.) Name some of his works in other departments of literature.
12        3. " The whole purpose of a poet's technique is to make a moment of his experience
come into life in other minds than his."
Select any two of the following poems, and state to what extent and by what devices
the poet has communicated his experience to you:—
(a.)  " Ecstasy."
(b.)  "The House Beautiful."
(c.)  "The Snowflake."
10       4. Discuss the nature of the punishment given the offenders at the end of Electra,
and show to what extent it was deserved.
10        5- Discuss the respective merits of Brutus and Cassius as conspirators.
10        6. Write at least a page on the character of Lady Teazle, showing, by reference to at
least two scenes, how it is displayed.
10        7.  (a.)  Set forth in a paragraph what you believe to be the theme of A Doll's House.
(b.) Do you notice any difference in purpose between Ibsen and the other dramatists
studied this year?    Briefly indicate to what extent it has affected his play.
12        8- Contrast the methods of obtaining unity of effect in " The Masque of the Red Death "
and " Ethan Brand."
8        9. Write as fully as time will permit on the following:—
(a.)  The value of the setting in "The Sire de Maletroit's Door."
v .
(b.) The best-defined character in "On Greenhow Hill."
French Language.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[N.B.—Lisez les questions avec soin.   Soulignez les mots que vous changes ou ajontez.]
20        1- Traduction :—
(a.)  I have known and loved Moliere from my youth and have never ceased to
learn from him.
(&.)  One more man who can read is one more reader for MoliSre.
(e.)  The French enjoy an hour of social life and yet succeed in being alone in
a crowd.
(d.)  If only youth would learn that " study is what counts most in life."
(e.)  This comedy owes its popularity to the delightful way in which it satirizes
what would now be  called a  literary fad   (un caprice).
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 183
Value.
15        2. Mettez les verbes en italique au temps correct:—
(a.) Voici les hautes tours que les architectes ont construire, et qui ont plaire
a tous.
(b.)  Si vous alliez a, une reception de l'Academie, pouvoir-Yoiis m'inviter?
(c.)  Je demande qu'elle vous dire cette poesie avant qu'elle s'en alter,
(d.) Le galant lui dit aimablement:   " Vouloir passer madame, croire-moi votre
serviteur.
(e.) Vous serez.satisfait aussitot que vous le voir entrer, avant qu'il soit Hire,
(f.)  C'etait la plus sublime action qu'il pouvoir accomplir apres vainere l'ennemi.
(g.)  Un ingSnieur americain s'etonnait qu'on n'obtenir pas une bonne production.
(h.)  En prendre parti pour notre amie nous nous sommes blesser au bras.
(i.)  II y avait trois jours que nous craindre cette conclusion.
15        3.  (a.)  Donnez le genre de:  serment, image, roman, reputation, ame.
(6.)  Feminin de:   ce parrain, un grand pecheur, un serviteur discret, son acteur
malin.
Pluriel de : mon chef-d'ceuvre, notre email, cette arriere-pensee, un chemin de fer.
20       4.   (a.)  Remplacez les mots en italique par des pronoms :—■
(1.)  Vous saurez la poesie par coeur avant le pidant.
(2.)  J'arrive de Vancouver.
(3.)  Mascarille!  faire des excuses? jamais!
(4.)  Avez-vous sujet d'etre satisfait?
(5.)  Paites donner des sieges a ces personnes.
(6.)  Pensez a: voire devoir.
(7.)  Je lirai Vaffiche a. I'etudiant.
(&.)  Faites des phrases  (anglais et frangais) pour montrer que vous comprenez ces
mots:   rester, connaitre, jouir de, matinal, rencontrer.
15        5.  (a.)  Donnez l'gquivalent des mots en italique a l'aide de synonymes.    Reconstruisez
les phrases s'il est necessaire :—■
(1.)  L'amour des perspectives grandioses a <3te leur principe.
(2.)  On ne peut continuer a. produire faute de bon materiel pour le travail
a domicile.
(3.)  C'est la plus belle ville du mondc, y compris votre capitale.'
(4.)  Madame, je n'entends pas votre langage du tout, vous et moi nous
sommes aux antipodes quand il s'agit de litterature.
(&.)  Ecrivez tout correctement a la place des tirets:—
Quant a, la marquise aimable qu'elle soit, elle est vraiment • surprise
de voir ces jeunes filles qui arrivent tranquillement en retard
 les jours.
15       6.  (a.)  Anglais de:—
Ce grand amateur de curiosites par excellence, prend une allure bizarre
quand il entre dans ce magasin et avec un recueillement digne d'une
meilleure cause, examine les debris precieux, que lui apporte au petit
bonheur, le bouquiniste du quai, lequel a ses entrees chez l'antiquaire.
(6.)  Remplacez les tirets par des pronoms relatifs :—
(1.)  Cet homme n'est pas celui ■ je veux voir.
(2.) Tout je fais a l'air cavalier.
(3.)  Voici le palais ft l'interieur s'epanouit la Sainte Chapelle.
(4.)  Le galant   sort d'ici est exactement la personne   nous avons
besoin.
 French Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
20       1. Commentez ce passage en francais et expliquez ensuite les expressions en italique.
Ne traduisez pas.
Marotte.—Voilft un laquais, qui demande si vous etes au logis, et dit que son
maitre vous veut venir voir.
Magdelon.—Apprenez, sotte, a vous enoncer moins vulgairement.    Dites:   " Voila
un necessuire, qui demande si vous etes en commodite d'etre visibles."
Marotte.—Dame!   je n'entends point le latin, et je n'ai pas appris, comme vous
la filofie dans le Grand Gyre. ,
Magdelon.—L'impertinente!   Le moyen de souffrir cela ?    Et qui est-il, le maitre
de ce laquais?
Marotte.—II me l'a nomme le marquis de Mascarille.
•    Magdelon.—Ah!  ma chere, un marquis!   Oui, allez dire qu'on nous peut voir.
C'est sans doute un bel esprit qui aura ou'i parler de nous.
Cathos.—Assurement, ma chere:
Magdelon.—II faut  le  recevoir  dans  cette  salle  basse,  plutot  que  dans  notre
chambre.    Ajustons  un  peu  nos  cheveux  au  moins,   et  soutenons  notre
reputation.    Vite, venez nous tendre ici dedans le conseiller des graces.
Marotte.—Par ma foi, je ne sais point quelle bete c'est la.:  il faut parler Chretien,
si vous voulez que je vous entende.
30        2. Traitez 1'un des sujets suivants :—
(a.)  Comparez les idees de Gorgibus sur le mariage avec celles de sa fille et de
sa niece.
(6.)  La preciosite:  ce que c'etait;  la vraie et la f ausse ;  comment cette derniere
se manifestait.
20        3. Exprimez les expressions suivantes en frangais moderne:—
(a.)  Ma cousine donne dans le vrai de la chose.
(b.)  II faut qu'un amant sache pousser le doux, le tendre.
(o.)  Que ton p&re a la forme enfoncee dans la matiere !
(d.)  Je vous demande de  faire le brouhaha devant que les chandelles soient
allumees.
(e.)  Attachez un peu sur ces gants la reflexion de votre odorat.
(/.)  Le sublime en est touche delicieusement.
(g.)  Ma franchise va danser la courante aussi bien que mes pieds.
(ft.)  Mais en venir de but en blanc ft l'union conjugale!
(i.)   Une oreille delicate patit furieusement a entendre ces noms-la.
(j.)  Votre complaisance pousse un peu trop avant la liberalite de ses louanges.
10       4. Traduisez:—
Quand vous visiterez le vieux monde, vous eomprendrez vite que le charme des
pares, des squares et des promenades vient justement de ce qu'ils sont tous
et vraiment habites. II y a meme des types qu'on ne voit que 1ft. Officiers
ou professeurs retraites, petits rentiers, commercants retires des affaires:
tous ces braves gens y croisent de jeunes etudiants, en train de discuter
passionnement avec toute la fougue de leurs vingt ans, ou de paisibles veuves
enveloppees de leurs souvenirs et de leurs voiles, et des polissons d'age ingrat,
qui se detendent de leurs longues heures de classe, en faisant des niches au
gardien.
20        5. Traitez en une dizaine de lignes deux des sujets suivants :—
(a.)  Ce que l'humanite doit ft Pasteur.
(b.) Une promenade sur les quais.
(c.)  Un "pardon" en Bretagne.
(d.) La Tour Eiffel et son utilite actuelle.
 Geometry.     (Time, 3 hours.)
[N.B.—Draw neat diagrams of good size.]
Value.
12        1. Two similar polygons may be so placed that the lines joining corresponding vertices
are concurrent.
14       2.  (a.)  The rectangle contained by the diagonals of a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle
is equal to the sum of the rectangles contained by its opposite sides.
(6.)  If the quadrilateral in (a)  is that formed by joining four consecutive vertices
of a regular pentagon, find the value of sin 18°.
14 3. Points Y, Z are taken in the sides CA, AB of a triangle ABC such that 3AY=AC,
4AZ=AB.    If YZ, BC are produced to meet at X, show that CX=2BC.
20       4.  (a.)  Find the perpendicular distance from (—1, 3) to x+y=2.
(b.)  Write the equation of the straight line passing through  (4, 1)  and making an
angle 30° with the X axis.
(c.)  Find the condition that hx-\-ky=a should be the same line as y=mx-\-e.
(d.)  Find the co-ordinates of the point which divides the join of (—3, —4) to (—8, 7)
in the ratio 7 : 5.
(e.)  Find the area of the triangle made by the axes and the line through (—3, ■—4)
and (—8; 7).
(/.)  Find the distance between (—3, —4) and (—8, 7).
14       5- Circles pass through the points (—6, 1) and (2, •—3).
(a.)  Find the locus of their centres.
(6.)   One of these circles has its centre on the y-axis.    Find its equation.
14       6.  (a.)  Derive the equation of the tangent to the circle af-\-y'^^d2 at the point (x', y').
(b.) Two points (x,, j/,), (x2, y.,) are taken on the circle x'J~x-y:z=a-.   Show analytically
that the straight line through the origin and the intersection of the tangents
at these points bisects at right angles the chord which joins the points.
12 7. The vertices A, B of the triangle ABC move on the axes of x and y respectively.
The side AB passes through (1, 1) while the sides AC, BC pass through the
points (3, 1) and (1, 3) respectively.    Find the equation of the locus of C.
History.     (Time, 3 hours.)
[Answer any five questions.]
14 1. Show how the discovery of America by Columbus led to the foundation of European
colonies in North and South America.
6 Why was England late in entering the colonial field?
15 2. Sketch the story of Acadia and New France from Champlain to Frontenac (inclusive).
5 Which of these two men did most for Canada?    (Give reasons.)
13        3. " The French were the real explorers of the heart of the North American continent."
Discuss.
7 Was seigneurial tenure a strength or a weakness to New France?
10        4. Trace the connection between the capture of Canada and the outbreak of the American
Revolution.
10 What part did the United Empire Loyalists play in the building-up of the British
North American colonies subsequent to the American Revolution?
 V 186 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
. f :	
Value.
20        5. Estimate the part played by the fur trade in the development of the Canadian West.
14       6. Outline the struggle for responsible government in either the Maritime Provinces or
in Canada.
6 Why has Lord Durham's Report been called the " Magna Carta of Canadian self-
government "?
10        7. Account for the break-down of the Act of Union of 1841.
10 Show how the political deadlock in Canada paved the way for Confederation.
20       8- Write brief biographical notes on four of the following, indicating the contribution
of each to the history of British Columbia:—
(a.)  Captain George Vancouver.
(&.)  Sir Alexander Mackenzie.
(c.)  Simon Fraser.
(d.) David Thompson,
(e.)   Sir James Douglas.
(/.)  Judge Begbie.
(g.)  Sir Richard McBride.
20        9. Show how the railways have promoted Canadian unity.
Latin Authors.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
12 1. Translate:—■
Atque ut inde oratio mea proficiscatur unde haec omnis causa ducitur, bellum
grave et periculosum vestris vectigalibus atque sociis a duobus potentissimis
adfertur regibus, Mithridate et Tigrane, quorum alter relictus, alter lacessitus
occasionem sibi ad occupandam Asiam oblatam esse arbitratur. Equitibus
Romanis, honestissimis viris, adferuntur ex Asia cotidie litterae, quorum
magnae res aguntur in vestris vectigalibus exercendis occupatae; qui ad me
pro necessitudine quae mihi est cum illo ordine causam rei publicae pericula-
que rerum suarum detulerunt.
(a.) Comment on the use of inde;   the logical bearing of the clause ut   .
proficiscatur.
(6.)  Explain the reference in necessitudine    .    .    .    ordine.
(c.)  Indicate (by a map or otherwise) the kingdoms of Mithridates and Tigranes.
13 2. Translate:—
Age vero, ceteris in rebus quae sit temperantia considerate. Unde illam tantam
celeritatem et tarn incredibilem cursum inventum putatis? Non enim ilium
eximia vis remigum aut ars inaudita quaedam gubernandi aut venti aliqui
novi tarn celeriter in ultimas terras pertulerunt, sed eae res quae ceteros
remorari solent non retardarunt. Non avaritia ab instituto cursu ad prae-
dam aliquam devocavit, non libido ad voluptatem, non amoenitas ad delecta-
tionem, non nobilitas urbis ad cognitionem, non denique labor ipse ad
quietem; postremo signa et tabulas ceteraque ornamenta Graecorum
oppidorum quae ceteri tollenda esse arbitrantur, ea sibi ille ne visenda
quidem existimavit.
(a.) Explain the syntax of temperantia; the derivation of eximia, libido.
(b.)   State in brief compass the argument of the oration.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 187
Value.
10
10
10
15
10
3. Translate:—
Potestis igitur iam constituere, Quirites, hanc auctoritatem multis postea rebus
gestis  magnisque  vestris   iudiciis   amplificatam   quantum  apud  illos   reges,
quantum apud exteras nationes valituram esse existimetis.
Reliquum est ut de felicitate quam praestare de se ipso nemo potest, meminisse
et commemorare de altero possumus, sicut aequum est homines de potestate
deorum, timide et pauca dicamus.
(a.) Comment on the grammatical use of auctoritatem, reliquum, aequum, dicamus.
(6.) What is the value of repeating quantum?
(c.) Write a brief explanatory comment on the following words:   Quirites, equites,
publicani, comitia, centuriae, forum.
4. Translate:—
At liquidi fontes et stagna virentia musco
adsint et tenuis fugiens per gramina rivus,
palmaque vestibulum aut ingens oleaster inumbret,
ut, cum prima novi ducent examina reges
vere suo, ludetque favis emissa iuventus,
vicina invitet decedere ripa calori,
obviaque hospitiis teneat frondentibus arbos.
(a.) Scan the third and last lines.
(6.)  Explain the syntax of adsint, tenuis, calori.
(c.)  State the substance of the practical advice offered in these lines, and show how
Virgil, outside of the verse form, has given this a poetical colour.
5. Translate:—
Ergo ipsas quamvis angusti terminus aevi
excipiat (neque enim plus septima ducitur aestas),
at genus immortale manet, multosque per annos
stat fortuna domus, et avi numerantur avorum.
Praeterea regem non sic Aegyptus. et ingens
Lydia nee populi Parthorum aut Medus Hydaspes
observant.    Rege incolumi mens omnibus una est;
amisso rupere fidem, constructaque mella
diripuere ipsae et crates solvere favorum.
(a.)  Scan the sixth and ninth lines.
(6.)   Explain the mood of excipiat;   the tense of solvere.
6. Translate:—
Haec Proteus, et se iactu dedit aequor in altum,
quaque dedit, spumantem undam sub vertice torsit.
At non Cyrene;   namque ultro affata timentem:
' Nate, licet tristes animo deponere curas.
Haec omnis morbi causa, hinc miserabile Nymphae,
cum quibus ilia choros lucis agitabat in altis,
exitium misere apibus.    Tu munera supplex
tende petens pacem, et faciles venerare Napaeas;
namque dabunt veniam votis, irasque remittent.
Sed modus orandi qui sit, prius ordine dicam.'
(a.) Account for the case of haec, Cyrene, apibus; the mood of venerare, sit.
(b.) Explain the reference in ilia, and write a short note on Proteus and Cyrene.
(c.)  Give the context of this selection.
7. Translate:—
postera Phoebea lustrabat lampade terras
umentemque Aurora polo dimoverat umbram,
cum sic unanimam adloquitur male Sana sororem:
 V 188 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
' Anna soror, quae me suspensam insomnia terrent!
quis novus hie nostris successit sedibus hospes!
quern sese ore ferens!   quam forti pectore et armis!
credo equidem, nee vana fides, genus esse deorum:
degeneres animos timor arguit.    heu, quibus ille
iactatus f atis !   quae bella exhausta canebat! '
(a.)  Explain how you assign the adjectives postera and Phoebea to their respective
nouns;
(6.)  Explain the case of pectore.
10       8. Translate.:—
talia dicentem iamdudum aversa tuetur
hue illuc volvens oculos, totumque pererrat
luminibus tacitis, et sic accensa profatur:
' nee tibi diva parens, generis nee Dardanus auctor,
perfide, sed duris genuit te cautibus horrens
Caucasus Hyrcanaeque admorunt ubera tigres.
nam quid dissimulo?   aut quae me ad maiora reservo?
num fletu ingemuit nostro?   num lumina flexit? '
(a.)   Explain the reference in diva, Dardanus;  the form admorunt.
(b.) To whom is Dido speaking in the last line?
10       9. Translate:—
huic se. forma dei vultu redeuntis eodem
obtulit in somnis, rursusque ita visa monere est,
omnia Mercurio similis, vocemque coloremque
et crines flavos et membra decora iuventa:
' nate dea, potes hoc sub casu ducere somnos?
nee, quae te circum stent deinde pericula, cernis,
demens, nee Zephyros audis spirare secundos?
ilia dolos dirumque nefas in pectore versat,
certa mori, variosque irarum concitat aestus.'
(a.)   Explain the case of omnia, iuventa, dea.
(b.) Was the vision justified in saying " ilia dolos dirumque nefas in pectore versat"?
(c.)  Scan the third line.
Latin Prose Composition, Sight Translation, and Roman History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. Latin Prose Composition.
10        1- Translate into Latin :—
(a.) Doing nothing is a pleasure to me.
(6.)  You are obviously mistaken,
(c.) I had rather die than be a slave.
(d.) He was dear to the whole country.
(e.)  Honesty is the best policy.
40       2. Translate into Latin:—
(a.) He threatened with death any who deserted the standard.
(&.) He promises to be there if he is not unexpectedly prevented from coming.
(c.) Do not inquire how the prisoners escaped, for I have said that I shall tell
nobody.
(d.) Your father happened that day to be absent;   he hoped to return within
a week.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 189
Value.
35
15
(e.) He praised your countrymen again and again in their presence in order to
be praised by them in his absence.
(/.)  Do not believe that I, who have so often led you to the field of battle, am
afraid to-day of being defeated.
(g.)  Having ascertained this fact, he promised to break up the crowd which had
gathered around the king's palace.
B. Sight Translation.
After the Battle.
Sed confecto proelio turn vero cerneres, quanta audacia quantaque animi vis fuisset in
exercitu Catilinae. Nam fere quern quisque vivus pugnando locum ceperat, eum
amissa anima corpore tegebat. Pauci autem, quos medios cohors praetoria
disiecerat, paulo diversius sed omnes tamen adversis vulneribus conciderant.
Catilina vero longe a suis inter hostium cadavera repertus est, paululum etiam
spirans ferociamque animi, quam habuerat vivus, in vultu retinens.
Neque tamen exercitus populi Romani laetam aut incruentam victoriam adeptus erat;
nam strenuissimus quisque aut occiderat in proelio aut graviter vulneratus
discesserat. Multi autem, qui e castris visendi aut spoliandi gratia processerant,
volventes hostilia cadavera, amicum alii, pars hospitem aut cognatum reperiebant;
fuere item qui inimicos suos cognoscerent. Ita varie per omnem exercitum
laetitia maeror luctus atque gaudia agitabantur.
C. Roman History.
Answer any two of the following:—
(a.)  Describe the constitution and functions of the various Comitia.
(b.)  What is meant by the term  "Urban Proletariat"  as applied to Rome?
What were its effects on the economic and political life of the country?
(c.)  Give an account of Hannibal's campaign in Italy.    Why did he fail in his
contest with Rome?
Physics.     (Time, 3 hours.) •
[Answer question one and any seven of the remainder.]
5 1. (a.) How much work is done in taking a 2,400-pound automobile up a grade which
rises 3 feet vertically in 100 feet of road, if friction and air resistance are
equal to a force of 80 pounds?
5 (6.) At what horse-power is the engine working in (o) when the speed is uniform
at 30 miles per hour?
6 (c.)  If at a certain point the flow of gasoline and air to the engine is suddenly
so adjusted that it gives an average pull of 150 pounds more than that
needed for uniform motion as in (6), what will be the acceleration and
how far will it go in one second from that point?
Q 2. (a.) Draw two diagrams of a Boyle's Law apparatus such as is used in a modern
school laboratory, one showing adjustment to give pressure greater than
atmospheric and the other less. Record reasonable observations on the
diagrams and show by numerical computations how the law is confirmed.
6 (6.)  A certain mass of gas occupies 100 cc when the temperature is 20° C. and the
pressure is 80 cm. of mercury. What must be the temperature when the
volume is 110 cc. and the pressure is 80 cm.?
 V 190 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
6 3. (a.) An object 6 inches in height is placed 10 inches in front of the centre of
curvature of a concave mirror and its image is 2 inches from the centre of
curvature towards the mirror. How far is the mirror from the object
and what is the height of the image?    Draw the usual diagram.
6 (6.)  Draw an outline diagram of a telegraph circuit with two stations and a relay
at each station.   Explain the function of the relay.
6 4. (a.) What are protons and electrons? What is our present conception of the
structure of atoms?
6 (b.) In an experiment with a Kundt's tube apparatus the iron sounding-rod was
120 cm. long and it was found that nodes in the air column were an average
of 8 cm. apart. Find the frequency of the note and the velocity of sound
in iron.    What adjustments must be made to get the effect?
Q       5.  (a.)  State what is meant by the term "capillarity" and show why the surface of
water in'a glass vessel is elevated at the side of the vessel but lowered in
the case of mercury.
6 (b.)  What are the three types of spectra?    How is each formed?    Give reason for
expecting one type from the filament of an electric light and another from
a luminous gas.
Q 6. (a.) A ball of iron, of weight 200 gm. and specific gravity 7, is tied to a block of
wood, of weight 50 gm. and specific gravity .8. What will the combination
weigh when suspended in water?
Q (b.) Write a short note on the transformations of radium or on the present concep
tion of the means by which electricity is transferred in solids (conductors),
liquids  (electrolytes), and gases  (as in the passage of an electric spark).
Q 7. (a.) How many B.T.U.'s are needed to change 100 pounds of ice at 20° F. to water
at 180° F.?
6 (6.)   Show, by reference to diagrams, what is meant by chromatic aberration in the
action of a simple lens and how it is overcome in an achromatic combination of lenses.
Q       8.  (a.) What is meant by the scale of equal temperament?    In what kind of musical
instrument is it used, and why?
6 (b.)  Draw a diagram of a Wheatstone bridge, connected up ready for use.    What is
the adjustment?    Show by a numerical example how the result is calculated.
5        9.  (a.)  Explain the method of making a phonograph record and the way in which the
sound is reproduced.
5 (&.)  Draw a diagram showing the arrangement of the lenses and the formation of
the images in a telescope or a compound microscope.
2 Show what is meant by the term " magnifying power " in the instrument chosen.
■   4     40-  (o.)  What are the laws of resistance of solid conductors?
4 (b.) A constant current was passed through a silver voltameter for 20 minutes and
it was found that 6.708 gm. of silver were deposited.    What was the strength
of the current?
2 (c.) Why, in an ice-cream freezer, do we put the ice in a wooden pail and the
cream in a metal one?
2 (d.)  Give one reason for the fact that winter temperatures in the arctic zone are
not lower than in many regions of the temperate zone.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 191
Value.
15
Trigonometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Note.—Sufficient data are appended in the table.~\
1. (a.) Find, without tables, the exact numerical value of
cos 120° + 3 sin 240° - 2 tan ( - 135°).
(&.) Express 3.124 radians in degrees, minutes, and seconds.    (Use tt = 3.1416.)
(c.) If A lies between 180° and 270° and 3 tan A = 4, find the value of
2 cot A - 5 cos A + sin A.
2. (a.) Solve 2 sin A tan A + 1 = tan A + 2 sin A, if A is acute.
(6.) Prove cos (180° + A) = - cos A.
(c.) Given cot A= - 2.0248, find two values for A.
3. Prove any two of the following :—
15
10
(a.) cos - =
s(s - c)
2       V      ah
(b.) a = c cos B + b cos C, when B is obtuse,
(c.) cos (A + B) = cos A cos B - sin A sin B.
15 4.  (a.) In any triangle show that a sin ( — + B ) = (6 + c) sin
15
15
15
A
are the radii of the
(b.) If r is the radius of the inscribed circle and rv r2, r3
escribed circles, show that r, = and -_ + — + — = -.
s - a 1\    Tr\    rs    r
5. Given a = 327.5, b = 476.8, c — 294.7, use the formula in 3 (a) and logarithms to
find C.
6. Given a = 7, 6 = 9, O = 37° 30', find A and c and the area.
7. The elevation of a rock is observed to be 47°; after  walking 1,000 ft. towards it
up a slope inclined at 32° to the horizon one observes the elevation to be 77°.
Find the vertical height of the rock above the horizontal at the first point of
observation, given sin 47° = .731.
Table.
Angle              sin             tan               cot              log sin log cos
18° 45' .3214 .3395 2.9459 L50710 1.97631
20° 13' .3456 .3682 2.7155 L53854 1.97238
log tan    log cot
1.53078 .46922
T.56615 .43385
26° 17' .4428 .4939 2.0248 1.64622 1.95262 1.69361 ».30639
37J 30' .6089 .7673 1.3032 f.78445 1.89947 1.88498 .11502
Number
logarithm
Number
logarithm
2.548
.40620
4.768
.67834
2.947
.46938
5.495
.73997
3.275
.51521
 V 192 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Grade XII., Beginner's Greek.
Greek.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
10 1.  Decline throughout iras, tvSatpiov, vv£.
5 2.  Decline irar-qp, ddXarra.
10 3.  Conjugate the present passive imperative of ex", the aorist passive imperative of
Xvco, the perfect passive subjunctive of Xvio.
10 4. Conjugate the imperfect active indicative of dnXoia, the aorist middle indicative
of Xvm, the future middle optative of irapao-Kevdfa.
10 5. (a.) Write the classification of the Greek mutes.
(b.) State the rules for accenting the oblique cases of nouns,
(c ) When does an enclitic retain its accent?
10 6.  Write the principal parts of ypd<J2co, o-K.kTrrop.ai, KtXevu), tTraiviui, ipr)<f>i,£op.a,i, SeSoiKa,
<pevyu>, r/yeopai,, KaXed), davpdfo.
20 7. Translate into English:—
(a.)  eTTLpeXr/o-opiOa oVcos dyiova KaXbv Troirjo-opeOa.
(6.)  kv avry yap ry oSw Kal dvSpes xai iraiSes <TKr)vas ei\ov.
(c.)  dXX' ovSe TaSe dXrjdy] So/cei clvai.
(d.)  fKaiTTOs ovv Kpdvos e£ei ^Xkovv edv VLK.rjiTiMp.ev.
(e.)  oiire toli''HXXtjo-lv tTTifiovXevo-ii) ovd' vplv o-vp.pa^os i(rop.ai.
25 8. Translate into Greek:—
(a.) Unless you do this at once, we shall proceed homeward.
(6.) During this day five captains and one hundred archers withdrew.
(c.) The Greeks and the Persians warred on  one another for ten years [use
eVos, erotis].
(d.) I feared that he would strike you.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 193
Third-year Course, Commercial.
Accountancy Practice.    (Time, 3% hours.)
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—Please provide each candidate ivith 1 double sheet of 5-column
journal paper; 2 double sheets of 2-column journal paper; 1 double sheet of ledger paper;
and 5 single sheets of foolscap.]
Value.
30
25
1. Open a Cash Book with five columns on each side, headed as follows:—
Debit Side:  Cash Dr., Bank Dr., Accounts Receivable Cr., Sales Discounts Dr.,
and General Items, Cr.
Credit Side:  Cash Cr., Bank Cr., Accounts Payable Dr., Purchase Discounts Cr.,
and General Items, Dr.
Record the transactions given below and balance the Cash Book at the end of the
week.
1928.
June 25. Robert Mahon continued business with a cash balance of $1,456.75, of which
$1,400 was on deposit in the Canadian Bank of Commerce.    Gave the Petty
Cashier a cheque for $50.    Made a cash sale of $350 and allowed a sales
discount of 5%.
June 26. Collected the following accounts :—
E. W. Parks, $300 less 5% ;  C. L. Long, $260 less 4% ;  E. W. Ross, $175.40.
Deposited all cash on hand except $25, the bank charging 25c. exchange on
Long's cheque.    Paid by cheque an account owing Kelly & Burns, $840 less
5% discount.
June 27. Sent the T. Eaton Co., Limited, Winnipeg, a bank draft in payment of their
account of $960, less 5%.    Gave cheque to cover face of draft and exchange
$1.60.    Cash sales for the day, $145.80.
June 28. Discounted at the bank, a draft drawn on D. Benson, $250;  discount, $1.50;
exchange,  85  cents;   proceeds  deposited.    Mr.  Mabon  took  out cash  for
private use, $25.    Deposited in the bank $100.
June 29. Received cheques as follows: J. Brown for account of June 10, $180 less 5% ;
C. Muiin for his note due to-day, $250 and interest thereon, $8.50;  W. West,
prepaying his note, $200, less $2.50 discount.    Deposited the three cheques,
paying exchange $1.20 in cash.
June 30. Issued cheque to Petty Cashier for Petty Expenses, $36.50, chargeable as
follows:   Postage, $11.60;   Cartage, $9.75;   Car Pares, $8.30;   and General
Expenses, $6.85.    Cash sales, $56.40.
2. On January 1, 1927, a Vancouver manufacturer had the following inventories:—
Raw Materials  $8,460.00
Goods in Process of Manufacture     5,280.00
Finished Goods      7,123.00
During the year 1927 he purchased Raw Materials costing $52,000 and Finished Goods
costing $13,000, paying freight on the former, $6,000, and on the latter, $1,000.
He paid wages to his factory hands, $39,200.
Factory and other expenses included : Heat, Light, and Power, $1,960; Salary to
Factory Superintendent, $3,000; Repairs and Renewals to Plant, $940; Sundry
Factory Expenses, $850; Depreciation of Plant and Machinery, $2,100; Advertising, $4,300; Salesmen's Salaries, $7,800; Salesmen's Travelling Expenses,
$2,400; Office Salaries, $3,100; Depreciation of Office Furniture, $300; Miscellaneous General Expenses, $11,200.
His Sales for the year totalled $156,300.
13
 Value.
On December 31, 1927, his inventories were:—
Raw Materials  $5,500.00
Goods in Process of Manufacture     6,120.00
Finished Goods      9,400.00
From the above prepare such accounts or statements as you consider necessary to
show: (a) Cost of goods manufactured, (b) Cost of goods sold, (c) Net profit or
loss for the year.
25 3. James Adams and Henry Black began business as equal partners on June 1, 1927,
with a cash capital of $18,000, of which Adams contributed $10,000 and Black
$8,000.    They kept their books by Single Entry.
After trading for a year, their books and records, on June 1, 1928, showed the following Assets and Liabilities : Cash, $1,200; Customers' Accounts, $2,400; Creditors'
Accounts, $4,200; Merchandise on hand, $18,900 ; Notes and Acceptances against
Sundry Customers, $1,200 with interest accrued, $60; Notes and drafts in favour
of other Creditors, $2,300; Store and Office Furniture, $840; Delivery Equipment,
$2,000.
On December 1, 1927, Adams withdrew $1,000 and Black, $500.
From the foregoing :—
(1.)  Prepare the necessary statements to show the gain or loss resulting from
the year's operations.
(2.)  Write up the Capital Accounts, close, and bring down the balances.
(3.)  Make a journal entry to open an entirely new set of books to be kept by
the Double Entry System.
20 4. On May 7, 1928, the Silver Bar Mining Company, Limited, was incorporated under the
laws of British Columbia, with an Authorized Capital of $1,000,000, divided into
4,000,000 shares of a par value of 25c. each. The incorporators received 2,500,000
shares of fully-paid stock in exchange for several Crown-granted Mining Claims
at Stewart, B.C. The remaining shares were sold to the public, for cash, as
follows:—
May 21:   500,000 shares at 15c.
May 31:   200,000 shares at 12c.
June  5:   800,000 shares at 14c.
Additional   funds  being  necessary  for  development  purposes,   the  original  incorporators donated to the company, on June 11, 600,000 shares.    These donated
shares were sold, for cash, as follows:—
June 14:   200,000 shares at 10c.
June 18:   150,000 shares at 12 %c.
June 26:   250,000 shares at 14c.
(a.) Write the journal entries of the Silver Bar Mining Company, Limited, to record
the above transactions.
(&.)  Prepare the Balance Sheet of the Company as at June 27, 1928.
Too
Accountancy Theory.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—No other paper than the Examination Books is necessary.]
Value.
10        1. " A distinguishing characteristic of double-entry book-keeping is that there are two
independent paths to the same goal."
Explain what is meant by this statement.
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 195
Value.
15        2. At the end of the month the Bank balance as shown in the Cash Book does not
correspond with that shown in the Pass Book.    Prepare the Bank Reconciliation
Statement for the following:—
Your Cash Book shows a bank balance of $567.60; cheques outstanding are:
No. 56, $5.80; No. 64, $45.35; No. 67, $28.40; and No. 71, $9.50. The bank
has allowed interest on deposits, $15.40, which has not yet been entered in
your Cash Book.
15       3. In what ways are the three fundamental elements, assets, liabilities, and proprietor-
ship, affected by each of the following transactions:—
(a.)  Selling merchandise at a profit.
(&.)  Paying a note and interest thereon.
(c.)  Cashing the coupons on Victory Bonds owned by the firm.
(d.)  Giving a promissory note to a creditor on account,
(e.)  Allowing a sales discount of 5% to a customer for prompt payment.
4. What do you understand by:—
5 (a.) A Statement of Income and Expenditure;   and
5 (&.)  A Statement of Receipts and Disbursements?
Give an example of a business transaction which would affect:—
2 (1.) "a" and not "b";
2 (2.)   "b" and not "a"; and
2 (3.)  both "a" and "b."
5. Before making the charges referred to below the Profit and Loss Account of a Joint
Stock Company shows a credit balance of $17,450. The Accounts Receivable are
$20,000. The Capital consists of $40,000 of 7% Preference Stock and $60,000 of
Common Stock.    It is decided to :—
3 (a.)  Provide for possible bad debts of 5% of Accounts Receivable;
3 (b.) Depreciate Plant and Machinery, which cost $40,000, to the extent of 8% ;
3 (c.)  Declare the regular Preference Dividend;
3 (d.)  Declare a 10% Dividend on Common Stock;
3 (e.) Pass $3,000 to Reserve.
5 Draft Journal Entries to comply with the above requirements, and close the Profit
and Loss Account.
6. Explain clearly how each of the following adjustments affect  (a)  The Profit and
Loss Statement, and (&) The Balance Sheet, when closing the books at the end
of the fiscal period :—
3 (a.)  Unexpired Insurance, $56.
3 (b.) Rent due and unpaid, $100.
3 (c.) Interest Accrued on Notes Receivable, $5.40.
3 (d.) Interest Accrued on Notes Payable, $11.60.
7. How do the accounts of a Partnership Concern differ from those of a Joint Stock
Company, when:—■
Q Co.1 The Books are opened;  and
6 (b.)  The Books are closed and the net profits distributed?
100
 V 196 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Arithmetic, General.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[Note.—The time allowed for both papers in Arithmetic is 3 hours; after the expiration of
30 minutes, the answers to the Rapid Calculation will be collected and this General Paper
distributed to the candidates.]
Value.
10       1. Evaluate by the shortest method you know, giving the answer correct to two decimal
places:—■
.53846i x.285714
.142857
10        2. A courtyard 15 yards by 12 yards is to be paved with pebbles at $3 per square yard,
except two footpaths at right angles to the sides, each 4 feet broad, which meet
in the centre, forming a cross;   these are to be laid with paving-stone at $3.25
per square yard.    Find the cost of the whole.
10       3. A merchant invests half of a sum of money in 3 per cents at 92, and the other half
in 3y2 per cents at 98.    Which is the better investment?    If he receives $44 as
»       income, what is the amount of his total investment?
10 4. A grocer mixes two kinds of sugar at 8 cents and 13 cents per pound respectively,
taking three pounds of the first to two of the second. At what price per pound
must he sell the mixture to gain a profit of 20 per cent.?
15 5. A man spends a certain capital as follows: He buys 18,000 acres of uncultivated
land, one-third at $27 an acre, one-third at $33, and one-third at $38; he has
the land cleared at $8 an acre, and builds farm-houses costing $128,000. He then
leases 16,000 acres at $7 an acre and rents the farm-houses at ll1^ cents per
dollar of cost. The remainder of the land he leases to a railway company at $S
per acre.    How much per cent, per annum does he make on his original outlay?
10 6. Bought 320 hammers at $16.20 a dozen less trade discounts of 5%, 2%%, and 1%;
by paying cash I received a further discount of 2%. How shall I mark them so
that I may sell at a profit of 5% on cost and allow 10 cents each for selling
expense;   freight amounted to $7.S0?
10 7. There are classes in a school of 9, 12, 15, 19, 22, 24, and 17 boys, and the average
ages in the classes are 17 yrs. 5 mos., 16 yrs. 8 mos., 16 yrs. 3 mos., 15 yrs. 7 mos.,
15 yrs., 14 yrs. 6 mos., and 14 yrs. 3 mos., respectively. Find to the nearest month
the average age of all the boys in the school.
15 8. An old coloured lady came into a bank on June 13, 1928, and asked for a bag of gold
that she left there during the American Civil War. After an almost fruitless
search the President remembered a little package that had been lying in the safe
for years. It proved to be her money, $80 left there on April 1, 1863. It was no
more valuable than when it had been first left, but if the old lady had deposited
it in an ordinary savings account at 5% simple interest, what amount would she
have been entitled to receive? Also, what would she have been entitled to
receive if the interest at 5% had been compounded?
Note.—$1 at compound interest 5%
in    5 years amounts to    1.2762816
10      1.628S946
15    2.0789282
25     3.3863549
50   11.4673998
10 9. W. J. Baker and A. N. Wood became partners on January 1, 1927, each investing
$6,000. On March 1, Wood invested an additional $3,000 and Baker withdrew
$1,500. On July 1, Baker invested $2,900 and Wood withdrew $3,000. During the
year there was a profit of $4,620, which has to be divided in proportion to their
  investments.    How much does each get?
100
 PART HI.—APPENDICES.
V 197
Arithmetic, Rapid Calculation.    (Time, 30 minutes.)
[Note.—Candidates are to be supplied with working paper, but answers must be handed in on
actual examination paper. These answers are to be collected at the end of 30 minutes, when
the second paper will be distributed.]
Value.
15
1. Complete the following Sales Book:—
J%h^^^^^A /.K.
-&?,
K'zz-^-^-i
>-.. /. /<?/r:
j^j&^^&L
Ta££a£-£,
■V-rf-   ■'   ■ ifj.cvfr&AflKaZSfc'
VS
/6-&r7.s>A4s  ±J~m^r^
■/At
/^5-^/J^-^a<(k^^^Ais -ris^s
■Jl£L
^r
~^/&^.
■Jl2s
<s^
-*S> ty. 6&~~£/_ /f.&&..^fc. ^ *,L
J>a.T^/J*>.     /i%A2Ztt2^
-J—T
3&    ■■ ^&6i^€7/*is. M^A-^a^iy '^2,^%
^V-    "     &zU4ASd£23^X2t4t&&^. '//
'-a.    •• XZ^^rr-J-^/3-J.^fT^y      :i.VA
3.
s^^J^daaia^Z. .^clZ^g^ga^^ G&
£.ryy^j?^^s&^^
'r-
Ated.
'&■£;
/J?. -       ^j-TJjf^l^ZA/,.
vr
t£2
g^W-^-i^cL^
VhL
-¥-    ■■     Sb^ztr-isns^JL-StS
/■ZZ..S-
;f ■■ /^saaU
'-Z-
v
-rffP^J. 2/z&7s> j teZ-tea^uM, ftjy /<?*Us.
/-3~o^£<£*f .'?~&<^t_s r^w     rZ-rc
>_£_
- -^^^-^g-r-^f^^r^-gg g^-t^
37-
'-^L-
 V 198
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
5        2. Prepare the following Statement:—
J*Z
7 jr^^^^gS^-g-^^^^^^^y      JAa-Ca^T^^^'^3^
-^IkhfcrT^--
«*2r=tf'-*L*r<A;
>*£*&,
r£Zr?-r--^ tL VfZe^£i*si^-i^e^fr-
CzCz-
r^lA^ut, /&JL,7^^. Y^2d££z44£&i22t££4
xC^sIa \aJP ^d^Jk
PZ^\^.Z&/,,^^/^f7>lr4Jkr-^
-&*&£&
£^&£L££^ ^J-i^r/r
zzO^/^i.^ -£aL:2*cJL&*l'' -J/~£L'-^^fV
yy,J^fZ,^J-^/ ?&^,s ^^J^aaOa*/
e^zzi-A ^SrkaassaZdZaa^  G^^r^. iv. /f/r
^A/>^^, ^~A/
-Jt&^^^s.V^^svCA-srrj? tt^Zt-U-
_^
^•Z
££.
^2jL
27.-.
<?7
2A
PL&
77^
j&L
,f7r6
/>?/£.
£££.
ZL
•m
25
3. Add vertically and horizontally:—
12
72457
9135
679
28015
3576
8125
15769
8427
9168
71492
159
3682
12091
742761
9346
85768
27936
5827
6148
137
8327
34726
24
856
2385
168
2094
3857
30845
27638
526
39275
123
4839
76
29473
483
6582
38924
9876
2473
87649
58
3478
29399
949
6428
87657
987
23456
4. Multiply :
83078
64816
39276
31854
27469
32648
9        5. Divide:—
4)32256
9^	
7)
9)31428
12)
3)
7)33348
6)	
2)
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 199
Value.
22        6. Complete the following Note calculation :—
Date of Note Jan. 16, 1927
Time to run 90 days
Rate of Interest 6%
Face of Note $500.00
Interest 	
Amount due at Maturity 	
Date of Discount March 4, 1927
Term of Discount 	
Rate of Discount 6%
Discount 	
Proceeds 	
12       7. Supply equivalents in the blank spaces:—
&aCUZ&<~*,
Vckti,
OJ
(2Z>
•2,S
(3)
/6V3
Vr
KS-j
•/
Kj
/JZS
r7j
'ft
;-33'A
(9i
6£'A
O,)
*/-7.r
r/£)
/'A
Business Correspondence.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will be furnished plain letter paper, and may use pen and ink
or the typewriter.]
12 1- Acknowledge W. H. Brown's remittance for $87.06. which with a discount of $1.78
has been placed to his credit. He has deducted 50c. for freight, which you judge
is for one 32 W.C.F. Single-shot Round-barrel Rifle shipped from the factory.
You did not carry the gun specified, and you quoted him a low price f.o.b. factory.
Refuse the claim and ask for the amount with his next remittance.
12 2. A department store receives a letter from Miss Helen Urquhart, a good customer,
reporting the discourtesy of a clerk and a floor-walker. She came to the glove
counter at 9.15 a.m. and was unable to attract the attention of the clerk, who was
talking to others. The floor-walker gave her no satisfaction. Write a full-page
letter, applying what remedy you think best and emphasizing the store's desire
to serve.
 V 200 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Value.
12 3. Johnson Bros., Limited, Calgary, a prosperous firm, gives your salesman small orders
of about $100 once or twice a year. These accounts have frequently been delinquent, though the money has always come eventually. An invoiee due May 1st
is still unpaid on June 3rd in spite of two reminders. Write a long, frank letter
asking for larger orders and better relations; use strong sales material; assume
that the smallness of the orders has been to blame for their having had irregular
attention.
7 4. (a.) George Thomas, a foreman in a local foundry, has stopped trading with you,
leaving a bill of $75.81. Your statements and reminders have been unanswered, and the bill is eight months past due. Write him a letter showing
that you appreciate his difficulties and are willing to help him out, and
asking him to step in and make an arrangement that will not burden him.
7 4. (6.) George Thomas makes no reply. Notify him that on July 1st the account will
be given to your lawyer with instructions to proceed with its collection.
Make the letter courteous and express regret that you have found it necessary to take such action.
15        5. Write a series of three follow-up sales letters from a firm of trunk manufacturers to
a prospective purchaser in reply to an inquiry.
10        6. Answer the following advertisement:—
WANTED—A competent stenographer, one with a knowledge of book-keeping.
State experience, salary required, and give references.    Box 258 Province.
25        7. Name five systems of vertical file indexing, explaining the advantages of each system.
Describe in detail the system most commonly used in business.
Commercial Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of mountains and plains in the development of a country?    Illustrate your answer by referring to Canada.
15 2. Give a brief survey of the mining activities of British Columbia, showing the precise
location of the most important producing areas, together with transportation
facilities for smelting and marketing.
15 3. AVith the aid of a sketch-map explain why the ownership of the " Pan Handle " of
Alaska is so important to the adjoining Canadian territories from a commercial
standpoint.
5       4. Compare  British  Columbia with  Ontario under the heading of development  and
distribution of water-power.
5. " Canada can boast of having along the St. Lawrence one of the most remarkable
systems of canals to be found anywhere in the world."
15 (a.) Illustrate the truth of the above statement by means of a sketch-map of the
Great Lakes and St. Lawrence waterways, and mark thereon the chief ports
and grain routes to Montreal and Buffalo.
3 (b.) What other commodities are shipped in large quantities by these routes?
2 (c.)  Name the chief destinations of these cargoes.
15 6. The staple industries of the United States are carried on in six clearly defined
geographical divisions. Name these districts, with their productions and chief
industrial centres.
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 201
Value.
20
100
7. Write a note on Australia under the following:—
(a.)  Exports.
(b.)  Imports.
(c.) Industrial centres.
(d.)  Trade with Canada.
Commercial Law.    (Time, 2 hours.)
15 1. On May 6, 1928, Henry Brown bought goods from E. W. Parks, amounting to $560, for
which he gave his note for $300, payable three months after date, negotiable by
endorsement, and drawn to bear interest at 8% per annum until paid; a cheque
for $100 on the Bank of Nova Scotia, Vancouver; and a draft at ten days' sight
on L. K. North, non-negotiable, for the balance. The draft was accepted on
May 8 by the drawee.    Draw the note, the draft, and the cheque.
2. On May 10, E. W. Parks (question 1) sold the note to D. King, endorsing it in full.
Mr. King transferred the note to G. H. Massey on June 5, placing upon it a
Qualified Endorsement.
10 (a-.)  Show the endorsements, and explain the legal significance of each.
10 (b.) If the note is not paid on the due date, what should the holder do to protect his
interests ?
7 3. (a.) State what is required of a Limited Partner so that he may be assured of his
exemption from liability beyond the amount of capital contributed.
7 (b.)  For registration of a Limited Partnership what information is necessary and
where, under British Columbia Law, must it be filed ?
5        4.  (a.)  What are the usual terms or periods of tenancy?
5 (b.) How should a landlord proceed if he wishes to raise the rent?
5 (c.)  What different remedies does the landlord have if the tenant does not pay the
rent when due?
3 5.  (a.) Define:   (1) Misrepresentation;   (2) Fraud;   (3) Duress as applied to contracts.
4 (6.) Mention four contracts which are said to be contrary to public policy.
5 (c.)  When is a contract closed if the offer and acceptance thereof are made by mail?
5 (d.)  Under what circumstances (if any) may a minor make a contract.
3        6.  (a.)  How many witnesses must there be to make a will valid?
3 (b.)  Explain how a will should be signed, to make it valid.
Q (c.)  Define:   Executor, Probate, Administrator, Codicil, Devisee, Legatee.
7        7. Define Agency.    In what different ways may an agent be appointed ?    To what extent
can an agent bind his principal?
Too
 V 202 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
Shorthand Dictation.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—Candidates are to be provided with plain white letter paper,
or books, for transcripts, and with Stenographic note-books for taking down notes. Notes
may be taken with either pen or pencil and transcripts may be either pen-written or typewritten. The material should be given to the Dictator fifteen minutes before he is required
to dictate so that he may prepare the timing of his dictation.]
[Note to Dictator.—The dictation must be at uniform rate of speed with close attention to the
quarter-minute marks on the copy and with watch in hand. The matter must not be read
to the candidates prior to their actual note-taking. Allow three minutes' rest after dictating
each section. Candidates will hand in transcripts of the three pieces—A, B, C. They must
attach their shorthand notes to each piece, and should see that their examination number
is on each loose sheet. Each piece should be transcribed on a separate sheet, and may be
either typewritten or pen-written.]
" A."
(Eighty words per minute.    Syllabic intensity not exceeding 1.5.)
Dear Sir: We are in receipt of your favour of yesterday's date and the specification you enclose.
We have perused (%) the latter very carefully, but of course it is not possible to make the
necessary calculations and get (%) out the plans for so large an installation of heating
apparatus under at least a week. We have put the (%) work in hand, and hope to be able
to furnish you with a schedule of costs within the next seven (1) or eight days. We notice
that the specification varies very greatly from the usual standards, and we see from your
(%) letter that you are aware of that fact; but possibly you do not quite realize that these
variations will increase (%) the prices enormously over the prices of the standard parts,
owing to the special patterns and moulds which will have (%) to be made, and also very
much lengthen the time required to fulfil the contract. We are, therefore, proposing to (2)
get out for you two schedules, one on the basis of your own specification, and the other on
the basis (%) of the standard size usually stocked by us. AVe wish you to understand,
however, that there will be no difficulty (%) in complying with your requirements if you
are able to allow the extra time for the work and are willing (%) to pay the extra charges.
The cast-iron pipes, we notice, are all to standard, and these we can supply (3) immediately.
The changes are principally in the fittings, many of those you enumerate being to (%)
dimensions which come halfway between the sizes in our list. AVe presume that this is
very largely, if not wholly, (%) due to the special nature of the building in which the
apparatus is to be set up, and if we are (%) correct in this thinking, there would appear to
be no possible way out of the trouble except to adopt (4) your specification entirely. We
should be glad to hear from you if this is so. When the tenders are ready (^4) we shall
be obliged if you will give us an appointment when our representative will wait upon you
and discuss (%) any points arising on which you require explanations. Thanking you for
your esteemed inquiry, which is having the (%) immediate and close attention of our chief
engineer and our drawing-office staff, AVe are, dear Sir, Yours faithfully, (5)
"B."
(One hundred words per minute.)
The taxation of luxuries which has been put into force by the government will inevitably mean
. not only a diminution in their (14) consumption, but will seriously affect the finances of
their manufacturers. The World of Commerce is about to enter another phase of (y2) the
financial earthquake which has affected every trade and industry save alone those concerns
which are engaged in providing the staple food (%) of the community. The complexities
of the financial situation are, therefore, destined to become even greater than they have been
and it (1) is more than ever necessary that the investor shall proceed with the utmost
caution.
In these times, when opportunities of profitably and (%) safely investing money are becoming
more and more scarce, and when members of the Stock Exchange are transacting but little,
if any, business, (%) it follows that there is a paramount necessity for some method of
scientific money making to be evolved and many fantastic schemes (%) have been suggested
 PART III.—APPENDICES. V 203
to fill the void. The whole of these, however, are valueless from the point of view of
security as they take too (2) much for granted, and what is needed is an investment safe
and sound and free from any element of loss or risk.
Now just as (%) Nature compensates in one way for a deficiency in another, so there is a
natural Law operating in finance aud commerce which (%) tends to maintain an even
balance. In common parlance of the people, " One door never shuts but that another one
opens," and although many of (%) our former avenues of money making have been closed,
others have been opened of which we have had no previous knowledge. To move from the (3)
general to the particular, we will ask the investor if he has given any thought to the matter
of the decline in some provision stores, (*4) and if he cannot see any economic reason why
these concerns should have gone downhill, whilst rivals have forged ahead and made larger
profits (%) than in former years.
It is not a matter of luck or advertising, but it can be said with certainty to be simply due to
(%) the fact that many of the companies which now feel the draught, made a grievous
miscalculation and committed a great error of judgment when they (4) failed to appreciate
the potentialities of nut-butter whilst their rivals were engaged in supplying it to the
people. In these days of (%) increased cost of living, the people have been compelled to
look about for substitutes of a cheaper character and impelled to experiment doubtless by
CVn) the advertisements of the firms we have mentioned, they have tried nut-butter, and
coming to scoff have remained to praise. The manufacturing of nut (%) has now
become a regular and extensive home industry on a large scale and is likely to continue
so to the advantage of the people. (5)
" 0."
(One hundred and twenty words per minute.)
When a trustee is appointed in a bankrupt's estate, he has to get possession of the books and
papers. Those books and papers are, for the time being, in the (%) hands of the Official
Receiver, who acts as provisional trustee, and the professional trustee, when appointed, has
to obtain and take over the records. It is very advisable (x/2) to make a list of these books
and papers, because when the estate is closed they will have to be handed back to the Official
Receiver, and if anything is (%) missing he will at once challenge it. Then the Receiver
has a correspondence file relating to the estate, and it is very important for the trustee
to (1) get inspection of that file because he will get a good deal of information there which
might cost him some trouble to obtain otherwise. The file can usually be borrowed (*4)
for a few days. He will also find that there is on the file a record of the private examination of the bankrupt. Every bankrupt is subjected by the Official (%) Receiver to a
private examination, which is recorded in writing and signed by the bankrupt. It is thus
an important permanent record, and one which may come up (%) against the bankrupt at
his public examination which takes place at a later stage. It often contains important
information which will not be found either in the debtor's (2) statement of affairs or
elsewhere.
The next step will be to get an office copy of the statement of affairs, the cost of which can
be charged to the estate. (%) The statement of affairs is an official record which every
debtor who is adjudicated bankrupt must file'. It contains, as you know, a full statement of
his assets and (%) liabilities, and constitutes the basis upon which the trustee commences
his work, as it gives notice to him of every asset which the estate possesses—at least, it (%)
ought to do so. For instance, in going through this statement the trustee will have to see
whether there is any onerous property which he may have to disclaim, such (3) as leases
or contracts involving some obligation which would become a personal liability to himself
if he did not get rid of it. He is entitled to (%) relieve himself by disclaiming the contract
or lease within twelve months of his appointment or of the time it comes to his knowledge,
whichever is the later date. If (V2) anything is mentioned in the statement of affairs
either directly or indirectly of a contract or a lease, that is notice to the trustee, and if he
overlooks that (%) notice, although it may be somewhat obscure, and omits to disclaim,
he may become personally liable, or at least he will have to make a special application to
the (4) Court for leave to disclaim at a later date and probably have to pay the costs
himself.   It will also be necessary to obtain from the Official Receiver the proofs of (14)
 Ar 204 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
debt. These proofs will be in the hand of the Official Receiver and he will hand them over
to the trustee upon application. The trustee should next consider carefully (%) what is
the position with regard to the landlord and any rent that may be due to him. The landlord
is not a preferential creditor under the Bankruptcy Act.  (4%)
Stenographic Practice.    (Time, iy2 hours.)
[To the Presiding Examiner.—The following letters are to be dictated ONCE only at SO words
per minute. To facilitate this the selections are divided into quarter-minute sections.
Periods and paragraphs, but no other punctuation-marks, should be indicated during the
reading only. After reading a letter the Dictator should rest until his watch indicates the
beginning of the next even minute before commencing the following letter.]
[Instruction to Candidates.—The letters are to be typed and carbon copies taken. They are to
be dated from Vancouver on the date of writing. The letters are to be folded and inserted
in properly addressed envelopes. Shorthand notes are to be handed in with the finished
work, and it is of the utmost importance for candidates to place their examination number
at the top right-hand corner of every sheet and envelope.]
[The work is to be handed in within one hour of commencing the typing and candidates finishing
before this time should have the actual time taken indicated on the first envelope by the
presiding examiner.]
Letter 1.
Mr. David Thomas,
319 Pender St. West,
Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir:
It has been some time since we have (%) had the pleasure of receiving an order from you,
although we used to have your account on our books regularly.  (y2)    AATe trust you will bear
us in mind when again in the market for goods in our line, as we  (%)  can offer goods of
exceptional quality at prices that will prove more than usually attractive.
Yours truly, (1)
Letter 2.
Mr. Charles Martin,
189 Nelson St.,
South Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir:
In reply to your inquiry (%) of April 24th, we beg to quote you $1.50 per page for setting
one hundred pages (%) like your sample. We do electro typing and the plates will cost you 2c.
per square inch unblocked, and 2%c. (%) per square inch blocked, according to the size of the
matter. AVe shall be glad to receive your order, which (1) will have our prompt attention.
Thanking you in anticipation of receiving your esteemed commands, we are,
Yours very truly, (%)
Letter 3.
Messrs. Poster and Company,
Douglas Street, Victoria, B.C.
Dear Sirs:
We have carefully noted your letter of (%) the 15th hist, and we regret to learn that you
are not able to make payment of your account on (y2) the date previously arranged. Under the
circumstances we shall be willing to grant you an extension of three months. We (%) hope
that in this time business conditions will improve, and that you will then be able to make
payment promptly. (1)
Kindly note that this is not to be taken as establishing a precedent, but merely a matter of
courtesy. (Y±)
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 205
Thanking you for past business, which is much appreciated, and hoping to be favoured with
your continued patronage, (Y2) we remain,
Very truly yours,
Letter 4-
The Office Supply Company,
345 Smith St., Toronto, Ont.
Gentlemen:
We recently mailed (*4) you our catalogue and price list, which we presume you have on file.
AVhen we brought out our new line (\'2) we endeavoured to meet the requirements of all our
customers in regard to style, finish, and construction.
We take special (%) pride in our typewriter desks. There is nothing more up-to-date,
practical, or convenient on the market to-day. (1) The operator can use the typewriter and
desk alternately without removing the papers.
We are anxious to ('%') secure your business, and whether your order is large or small it
will receive our most careful attention.
Yours respectfully,   (%)
Letter 5.
Messrs. AValter AVilson & Co.,
675 45th Ave., London, Ont.  (%)
Dear Sirs:
AVe again take the liberty of calling your attention to our goods with a view to extending
our (Y2) lines with you. AVe can furnish you with printed matter, of the highest quality, at
prices consistent with good work. (%)
All progressive business houses use Manifold Books in some form or other. To secure the
best results, this kind of (1) work must be carefully done, and we guarantee that our products
shall be to your satisfaction.
Our Tags have a (%) reputation for superiority everywhere. AVe make many different
grades and sizes, samples and prices of (%) which we shall be glad to submit to you.
We also offer: Specialties of every description made from paper; (%) Tickets for marking
and pricing goods, made in over a hundred styles, grades, and colours ; Labels for advertising
purposes, (2) made from the best quality gummed papers.
Yours truly,
Typewriting.
[To the Presiding Examiner.—The Typewriting paper consists of two parts, A and B. In
Part A, 900 five-stroke words are given and the candidates are to be allowed 15 minutes.
In Part B, the candidates are also to be allowed 15 minutes, and as many words as possible
should be written. No carbon copies are required in either Parts A and B. The work
should be done in double spacing.]
Part A.
Value.
50
There is a world-wide discontent among wheat farmers. They are convinced that they
do not receive an adequate price for their crop, in consequence of the methods by
which that crop is marketed; and they are, therefore, anxious to introduce other
methods that will give them a greater control over their product, so that, as one
American farmer has expressed it, they may " put a price tag on each bushel of
wheat." They believe that the farmers in each country lose because the whole of
their crop is harvested and usually marketed during about ninety days of the year,
instead of being distributed throughout the whole year, like the output of the
manufacturer. Moreover, the manufacturer conserves his market by restricting his
output when the price sags. Until recently the farmers have not done this. As
soon as the wheat has been harvested they have rushed it to market, and sold it
for what it would fetch. Sometimes they would be lucky. Usually they considered
they were not, whether the harvest was good or bad.
 N 206 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1927-28.
The experience of the War, however, taught the American farmer that such things need
not be, for part of the 1916 crop and the whole of the 1917 and 1918 crops were
disposed of in bulk through the Wheat Board. The Wheat Exporting Co., the
successors of a Canadian grain firm, acted as the British Government's buying
agents, and the whole of the surplus crop was taken over for the Allies.
A Board of Grain Supervisors, composed of leading members of the Winnipeg Grain
Exchange, of representatives of the farmers, and of the Canadian Government,
fixed a price that was reasonable from the standpoint of the farmers and of the
British Government. This experience persuaded the farmers that the former prices
were anything but reasonable. AVhen this Wheat Board was dissolved in July, 1919,
a post-war AVheat Board was formed. This controlled the internal price of flour
and the working of the grain exchanges. But after the AVar there was in Canada,
as in England, a hurried reversion to pre-war trading methods and the 1920, 1921,
1922, and 1923 crops were disposed of in the old way. The prices obtained in 1920,
however, were so low in comparison with those obtained under the Board that the
farmers were dismayed, and pressed for the re-establishment of the AVheat Board.
This was denied them, and they were forced to look for alternatives. After three
years' agitation, during which local and more or less successful selling combinations
were formed, the farmers succeeded in establishing three allied provincial wheat
pools to market the 1924 crop and the crops of the next five years.
Alberta was the first in the field, the farmers working half the wheat acreage in the
province undertaking in the autumn of 1923 to dispose of their crop through the
" pool." They appointed a representative on the Winnipeg Exchange, and arranged
with the chief elevator companies to store the wheat for them. Thirty-four million
bushels were thus marketed at a price two and one-eighth cents per bushel higher
than that obtained outside the pool. Saskatchewan and Alberta completed the
arrangement for provincial pools about the middle of 1924, and in the following
September a central selling agency was opened for the three pools, with an eastern
sales manager at Winnipeg and a western sales manager at Vancouver. At least
half of the Prairie wheat crop for 1924 was thus marketed by a single authority,
which represented more than 35,000 farmers, and handled the crop from ten million
acres of wheat land. The farmers signed binding agreements to market through
the pool the whole of their crop for five years, and are liable to a fine of 25 cents
a bushel if they do not do so.
The pool is worked as follows: When the farmer sends his wheat to the elevator, he
receives a " participation certificate," entitling him to a pro rata share in the total
takings from the sale of the wheat. He is paid a substantial sum on account, say,
one dollar a bushel, the funds required for this being advanced by the Canadian
banks—in 1924, 25,000,000 dollars were provided at 6 per cent. The central selling
agency of the pool has absolute power to sell when it thinks fit, and disposes of
its vast stock piecemeal, according to the trend of the market, thus obtaining for
the farmers any benefits resulting from disasters to the crop in other lands and
ensuring some recompense for damage done to part of the Canadians' own harvest
through bad weather, such as that of October, 1924.
(901.6 five-stroke words.)
Part B.
A'alue.
50 It is sometimes thought that there is an unbridgeable gulf between practice and theory;
and many practical men both in trade and in industry deride the theorist as heartily
as many theorists despise the practical man. It comes, therefore, somewhat as a
shock to realize that practical men have themselves in almost all branches of work
instituted and supported extensive schemes of research.
There is need for it in both commerce and industry. The former has become so complex
that it is very, very difficult to trace cause and effect or to prescribe for the ills from
which the business world at present undoubtedly suffers, ills such as unemployment,
high prices, and lost markets. All proposals must be studied from many standpoints,
and the effects must be traced out along the most devious paths. The facts are
usually so obscure that much patient investigation is required to collect and collate
 PART III.—APPENDICES.
V 207
the necessary statistics. Sometimes, for example, it is necessary to know what is
the total production of an industry and the capital and labour involved. Similarly,
before a trade association can advise on price changes or suggested taxes, it must
know what is the nature of the demand for its goods, and the extent to which the
change of price would affect the quantity that could be sold. In all business the
future must be borne in mind: any reliable method of forecasting the trend of
business would do much to abolish the trade cycle with its disastrous recurrent
booms and depressions.    The field for research is ever widening.
Fortunately it is being more and more thoroughly worked. Never before has the business
world had so many investigators. Individual firms have " managers of expense,"
whose duty it is to study expenditure in all its aspects and to make what suggestions seem advisable. Cost accountants are now employed in most industrial concerns, and to collect statistics and information concerning the business and the
industry is a large part of their work.
Most of the investigation needed is, however, beyond the scope of the individual firm, and
must be undertaken by trade associations, universities and public authorities,
committees and commissions. The universities play a most important part in
supplying trained investigators. In America they do much more, for here there
are numerous university bureaux for economic and business research, largely
supported by private firms, which individually suggest lines of investigation and
mutually provide the information required. The bureaux are thus vast clearinghouses of commercial experience, and by systematizing the knowledge so garnered
can sometimes give very valuable advice on accounting methods for different trades,
average costs, labour management, and advertising, and suggest solutions for difficult
problems that arise from time to time. The university schools use the information
gathered by the bureaux as the basis of their teaching. The instruction is therefore
very practical, and the co-operating firms are provided with a good supply of well-
trained assistants.
We cannot over-value the importance of the research work of the various Government
Departments and of the committees appointed from time to time in connection with
trade disputes. Such problems as the decasualization of dock labourers, the
rehabilitation of the coal-mining industry and the effect on trade of price changes,
income tax and commodity taxes require for their solution facts that the private
investigator in this country could hardly hope to secure. In industry the problems,
if not more insistent, are more easily discerned. Nowadays industry is a vast
laboratory in which the discoveries of science are applied to design and manufacture.
It is to this that we owe most of the amenities of the present day, such as artificial
light, quick transport, cheap and beautiful fabrics, sterilized and preserved food.
All the sciences contribute to this result. Biologists and botanists, working through
the universities and the Government Departments, suggest remedies for the diseases
and parasites of economic plants and animals; and have, for instance, lessened the
ravages of the boll weevil in cotton, rust in wheat, foot and mouth disease in cattle.
Further, they have helped in transplanting staple commodities such as rubber.
Chemistry and physics have given us new materials, for example, case-hardened
steel and aluminium. Moreover, they have determined the grade of material best
suited for different purposes, and have found uses for by-products that would otherwise have been wasted. All science is tapped to yield its quota of profit to the
industrialist and, incidentally, service to the public. In recent years, it has given
us many things; aniline dyes, electricity in all its applications, and new fabrics,
such as artificial silk. The processes of manufacture must themselves be studied
scientifically.    Conditions of working must be adapted to suit the material.
(996.4 five-stroke words.)
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chaet.es F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1928.
S25-1128-3545
 

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