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Report of the Director of New Haven For the Year Ended December 31st 1954 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1955]

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL
Report of the
Director of New Haven
For the Year Ended December 31st
1954
VICTORIA, B.C,
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1955
  To His Honour Clarence Wallace, C.B.E., ^ -fl
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour: #
The undersigned has the honour to submit the Report of the Director of New Haven
for the year ended December 31st, 1954.
S- 1 R. W. BONNER,    ; :  '"'-#
A ttorney-GeneraL
Attorney-General's Department,
Victoria, B.C., February, 1955.
 New Haven, South Burnaby, B.C., February 2nd, 1955.
The Honourable R. W. Bonner, Q.C.,
Attorney-General, Province of British Columbia,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—In accordance with section 13 of the | New Haven Act," I have the honour
to submit my annual report, setting forth a record of the work of the institution during
the year ended December 31st, 1954*
I have the honour to be,
i  " Sir,
Your obedient servant,
S. ROCKSBOROUGH SMITH,
Director.
 Annual Report of the Director of New Haven
For the Year Ended December 31st9 1954
The daily average population for 1954 was 36.5. During the course of the year
sixty-six were received and fifty-four were released on licence. These figures show a
slight increase over corresponding figures for 1953. Due to limited facilities—the institution can only accommodate forty at any one time—a number of youths committed by
the Courts could not be accommodated. |F
The increased committals over the preceding year were largely due to the more
complete functioning of the Classification Committee at Oakalla Prison. This Committee, comprised of the Deputy Warden, medical officer, psychologist, and classification
officer of the prison, screened all youths sentenced to indeterminate sentences to the
prison or the Young Offenders' Unit. As a result of this continuous screening process,
many were considered suitable for training at New Haven and were later transferred.
Likewise, those committed direct to New Haven by the Courts without any prior screening were referred to the Classification Committee, with the result that some were found
unsuitable and recommended for transfer to the prison.
Screening is indispensable if New Haven is to play an effective role in the correctional system. Ideally, it should take place prior to sentence. Courts then could adapt
their sentences to suit the needs of the individual offender, knowing the type of training
he will receive at an open, Borstal-type institution. However, the volume of work
placed on some Courts and the problem of distance are such that it is not always possible to remand a youth in custody before passing sentence. Under these circumstances
the only satisfactory course of action is for Courts to sentence youths to the Young
Offenders' Unit at the prison rather than direct to New Haven. This procedure is being
adopted by many Courts at the present time. In this way all youthful committals are seen
by the Classification Committee when they are received at the prison, and arrangements
are made for the transfer of those found suitable to New Haven. Dr. Richmond, medical
officer and psychiatrist and a member of the Classification Committee, commenting on
the work of the Committee, observes:—
' Sufficient time has now elapsed to allow some comparison between the method of
screening boys for New Haven as practised from its reopening at the end of World War
II to the implementing of the classification procedure as set out by the new legislation.
Whereas in the earlier period boys were screened before sentence by a team from the
Child Guidance Clinic in Vancouver, screening now takes place after sentence, whilst
the boys are awaiting classification. There is little doubt that when the classification
scheme has become fully established with adequate staffing, the opportunity for thorough
observation of the inmates during classification will be possible, but during the (growing
pains J of such a system it seems inevitable that scientific exploration of cases awaiting
disposition has been limited, with the result that for a time there was a decline in the
standard of those chosen for New Haven, but we hope that this has now improved."
The problem of the more seriously disturbed and the mentally retarded has again
given rise to some concern. Reference was made to this problem in last year's Report
when I noted the addition to the staff of a social caseworker and a visiting teacher with
experience in teaching the retarded. Further mention will be made of their work later on
m th^ Report.   Dr. Richmond, commenting on this, observes:— 1
I It was noticeable that New Haven was receiving a higher proportion of mentally
and educationally retarded boys than previously, but in spite of this, excellent progress
™ been made'in many instances under the tuition of Mrs. Page, a teacher specialized
m teacWng handicapped students and giving expert service."
 n 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Toward the end of the year a conference was held with members of the Classification Committee to determine whether in fact, on the basis of the mental testing, those
selected for training were more retarded than in former years. | The results of the psychologist's tests, in the form of a graph, are given farther on in this Report and are of
interest. Generally it was felt that the increased use being made of probation throughout
the Province is having its effect, and that those committed to institutional care are, by
and large, poorer material and more seriously delinquent than was the case in past years.
This trend is likely to increase as Courts make even greater use of probation facilities
and points up the need for constant review of the training programme to keep it abreast
of changing conditions and circumstances. ■ ■    %
Mention has been made in previous Reports of the need for greater uniformity in
the length of sentences. This matter was placed before the Magistrates at their annual
convention, and a plea was made for longer sentences to allow for an adequate period
of training at the institution, followed by a reasonable period on parole. The response
to this request has to date been encouraging. I am firmly of the opinion that any programme of character retraining must be carried on over a fairly lengthy period of time
if it is to be effective. Habits, good or bad, do not become fixed in a few months, nor
do attitudes built up over the years change over night. jf
ADMISSIONS AND DISCHARGES
The roll on January 1st, 1954, was thirty-four; on December 31st, 1954, it was
thirty-six. Sixty-six were admitted and fifty-four were released. Three were transferred
to Oakalla as unsuitable for training at New Haven.
jiv Eight absconded. This figure represents 8 per cent of those passing through the
institution during the year, an increase of W2 per cent over last year's figure. Of these,
three surrendered of their own accord and five were apprehended by the police. All
were charged with escaping legal custody; seven were given additional sentences, to be
served at Oakalla Prison, and one was returned with an additional sentence to New
Haven.
The average age on reception of those committed to the institution was 18.7 years,
as compared to 18.4 years last year.
The following table lists the offences for which youths were committed to New
Haven:—
Robbery with violence  _     1
Assault with intent     1
Indecent assault    3
Breaking and entering and theft  18
Breaking and entering     3
Theft over $25    9
Theft under $25    3
;|      Theft of automobile  20
Retaining stolen property     1
, False pretences     1
Forgery    3
jgggr Reckless driving .     1
SB Contributing to juvenile delinquency    2
The length of sentences of those committed to the institution during the year was
still too short for adequate training. Over 68 per cent had definite sentences of six months
or less; 24 per cent had as little as three months. Only 24 per cent had nine months
definite or more.
The average length of stay at the institution was 8.4 months, which meant that the
majority of lads were kept over their definite sentence to the extent of three months or
 REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF NEW HAVEN n 7
more This is not too desirable unless the individuals concerned are not cooperating
and understand that they are being kept beyond thiir definite period for this reason.
Lads held beyond the definite portion of their sentence, simply because it is not long
enough, tend to feel that they are*eing discriminated against and frequently become
hostile. Then, too, if too much of the indeterminate portion of the sentence is spent in
training at the institution, there is not sufficient left for supervision on parole.
^   TRAINING ;j|
Continued emphasis was placed on developing personal responsibility as a vital part
of the training. The House Committee, elected by the lads from among the seniors of
the institution, met fortnightly with the Housemaster and made itself responsible for
planning and organizing a number of events, as well as dealing quite effectively with
various administrative problems. It has proved a useful instrument for illustrating in
a very practical manner the principles of democratic government. Proper elections are
held to fill vacancies; the Committee elects its own officers and keeps regular minutes of
its meetings. The housemaster, an ex officio member, is able to assist and advise the
Committee, interpreting the institution's stand on matters of policy.
Lads coming up for consideration before the Institution Board for their senior
grade, after they have been at the institution for three months, and also those appearing
later on in their training before the Parole Board, are informed that they must apply
to these Boards in writing stating the reasons why they feel they should be considered,
by the Institution Board for promotion to senior grade, or in the case of the Parole Board
for release on licence. The written application places the onus of responsibility squarely
on the lad's shoulders for proving his fitness for release. It entails not a little thought
on his part and, more often than not, assistance from staff members and other lads before
he is able to present his case on paper. By placing the responsibility of proving his
case on the individual, and then discussing what he has written with him, he is much
more likely to understand and appreciate what is required of him.
Vocational
There were no changes in the vocational training programme. The four trades—
woodworking, metalwork, cooking and baking, and farming—continued throughout the
year, lads being assigned shortly after their reception to one of the four on the basis of
their interests and abilities.
Twenty-seven of those released on licence during the year received their training
in the metal or woodworking shops. A. E. Alexander, Industrial Arts instructor,
reports:— J|- J§t
1 For those receiving training in metalwork, all acquired some skill in benchwork,
operations on a lathe, drill-press, shaper, grinder, and sheet-metal work. Selected
students were given some training in oxygen and acetylene welding. In woodwork,
mastering the use of hand-tools was emphasized and acquiring skills in handling power-
tools safely. These included circular saw, jointer, planer, band-saw, drill-press, sander,
and wood-lathe. Projects were given to develop specific skills and to cover basic operations on machines as well as hand skills. Along with basic projects, maintenance work
was fitted in to augment and round out the training programme.
Fifteen were allotted to training on the farm. A variety of outdoor interests are
open to those selected for this department, from the care and feeding of cattle, poultry,
^d hogs to the operation and maintenance of mechanical farm equipment, the construction of farm buildings, and the clearing of bush land. Though not totally self-supporting,
a proportion of the institution's meat, dairy, and vegetable requirements are provided by
the farm.
Eleven lads received their trade training in the institution kitchen. They participated in the preparation, cooking, and serving of 44,235 meals and the baking of 7,496
 II 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
loaves of bread while learning the fundamentals of cookery and baking. This verv
practical training was supplemented by lectures provided by the cook-instructor h
addition, three of this group took correspondence courses in cookery in their spare time
Training facilities were greatly improved during the year by the completion of a new
modern kitchen with up-to-date equipment and furnishings.
Stress is laid on the development through the vocational training programme of
sound work habits. It was therefore most gratifying to note in the annual report of the
Chairman of the British Columbia Borstal Association the reference made to the qualities
of industry and application shown by many of our graduates. Such a reputation can be
of untold value in building up confidence among potential employers.
Educational
The formal academic programme is held in the evenings, and all lads are required
to take part in it. J. P. Davies, housemaster, is responsible for this programme and
interviews and tests all new-comers to determine how best they can participate to their
advantage. For some lads it is simply a case of brushing up on their general education"
for others it is a means whereby they can qualify for a particular job which they are hoping
to obtain on release; for yet others it is a case of trying to untangle the confused skein
of feelings and emotions which have prevented them from profiting from any schooling
in the past. This latter calls for very special skills and an uncommon amount of patience
and understanding. Mrs. Don Page, a visiting teacher with experience in teaching the
handicapped, has been taking a small group of retarded lads on two evenings a week.
The personal relationship which she has been able to develop with this group and the
interest that she has been able to evoke from its members are an indication of the
effectiveness of her work. A number of lads during the course of the year learned to
read and write, but perhaps an even greater accomplishment was the number who regained
their interest and desire to learn.
For the average student, instruction is by means of correspondence, and courses are
offered in both academic and vocational subjects at high-school or elementary-school
level. Sixty-nine during the course of the year enrolled in high-school courses, as shown
hereunder:—
Agriculture 10  1
Automotive 91  17
Book-keeping 34  2
Business Arithmetic  1
Diesel 91  4
Electricity 20  1
Fiction Writing  1
Forestry 30  1
Grammar and Composition   1
Homemaking 10  6
House Construction. 6
House Painting  8
Industrial Mathematics  1
Mathematics 10  5
Mathematics 20  4
Mathematics 30  1
Mechanical Drawing  1
Radio and Wireless 20  2
Steam    Engineering,   4th
Class  2
Social Studies 10  2
Social Studies 20  1
Social Studies 30  1
Eleven were enrolled in elementary courses, as follows:	
Grades V to VIII Arithmetic  9
Grades V and VI Language ~_~  2
The library has continued to play a valuable part in the training programme with
its wide selection of reading material. A number of books are added each year, and
those m need of repair are sent to the bookbindery at the Young Offenders' Unit. One
ot the most encouraging signs is the use made of the library. Fiction and non-fiction,
books of travel, biography, and particularly science are in great demand. The reference
section is frequently resorted to to settle arguments and provide material for discussion
groups and public-speaking classes
 REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF NEW HAVEN . m 9
Visual aids have proved helpful in the general educational programme by widening
horizons and making lads aware of what is going on in other parts of the world. Extensive
use has been made of the facilities of the Department of Education, University Extension,
and the National Film Board, as well as a number of films released by public utilities and
commercial enterprises. Educational films are usually shown on Saturday evenings and
have proved popular.
Religious
The religious training programme is under the direction of our two visiting chaplains,
Rev. W. D. Grant Hollingworth and Father Thomas McAvoy. I cannot report too highly
on the work of our chaplains. Theirs is no easy task, and so much depends on their
sympathy, understanding, and breadth of vision. Father McAvoy only came to us in
October last in place of Father Molloy, who returned to New York. We welcome him.
Padre Hollingworth has been with us for three years, and has earned the respect and
confidence of both staff and lads alike.   Reporting on his work for the year he writes:—
1 The role of the chaplain at New Haven is determined largely by his fundamental
responsibility to provide for the spiritual needs of the inmates. The method by which
this is accomplished is similar to that of any Christian minister at work in his parish.
I Services of worship are conducted in the chapel each Sunday morning, with the
sermon being an attempt to interpret the Christian faith in relation to the particular needs
of the worshippers. The major festivals of the Christian year are marked with appropriate
services.
I Each inmate is interviewed shortly after admission, an encounter which marks the
beginning of a relationship which frequently results in a deeper understanding of what
the Church represents, and of the help and solace it is able to offer.
' Religious discussion groups provide the chaplain with an opportunity not only to
teach, but to engage in group therapy. Each Wednesday evening there is a voluntary
group which meets for Bible study and for guidance and instruction in the basic principles
of the Christian faith. The average attendance is twelve, and the enthusiasm and regularity of attendance are evidences of the interest shown.
I Somewhat larger and more formal meetings are held on Friday afternoons, when
visual-aid films, loaned by the British and Foreign Bible Society, are shown. The psychological appeal through a film as compared with that of the usual channels is very great.
The films chosen are used for positive Christian training, and serve as a basis for
discussion.
I There is a steady demand for New Testaments, devotional booklets, and religious
literature. Questions which arise in the discussion groups would indicate that these
materials are being read carefully." |
PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORT, AND ATHLETICS
We have been fortunate in having Alex. Strain's services for another year as
Physical Education instructor on a part-time basis. Mr. Strain is one of the leading
gymnasts in the Province and a first-rate instructor. His training has helped a number
of lads to gain greater confidence, co-ordination, and self-control.
J. A. Willox, our enthusiastic sports supervisor, was again very active during the
year. Mr. Willox arranged for New Haven to enter a team in a city Softball league, and
we played eight home games on our own sports field and eight away games at a small
suburban park. Both visiting teams and spectators alike remarked on the fine spirit of
°ur team and their conduct and behaviour throughout the season. There were no
unfavourable incidents of any kind during these games. I am quite convinced that,
Properly managed and controlled, they have a definite role to play in the general training
Programme, bringing the institution into closer touch with the community, and vice versa.
 n 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Basketball was our other main sport during the year. Unfortunately, we were not
able to fit into a league in this sport, but a number of friendly games were arranged with
the Provincial Normal School, church teams and H.M.C.S. g Discovery." As in former
years, we were handicapped by the inadequacy of our own small gymnasium, and we
were not able to invite any teams to play us for fear of injuries. It is to be hoped that
we shall be able to have the gymnasium renovated and extended before too long.
Our annual sports day on July 1st had to be put off on account of rain. It was
held eventually on July 31st before some ninety parents and their friends. All lads took
part, and were placed in one of three teams of equal strength sponsored by members of
the staff. Each team had entries in all events. The winning team was taken to see the
finals of the British Empire Games swimming and diving at the Empire Pool.
For the sixth year in a row two very successful ten-day work camps were held at
Camp Artaban, Gambier Island—one in the spring and the other in the fall of the year.
The object of these camps is to give selected lads the opportunity of getting away for
a period from the inevitable monotony of institutional routine into the freer, more relaxed
atmosphere of camp life; to give the staff an opportunity to observe their reaction under
these more informal conditions; and to build up a valuable spirit and esprit de corps in
the corporate performance of a useful group project. Mr. Willox was again in charge
of these two camps and reported very favourably on their results. It
HOBBIES
Plans for expanding the hobby programme did not materialize until the end of the
year, when additional accommodation became available for new hobbies. It is anticipated that by the spring this enlarged programme will be in full operation. During the
year the two trade shops were open one night a week for hobby training, and some
interest was taken in plastics by a small group of lads. The Christmas toy-shop worked
hard all year and produced some 2,000 small toys for distribution through various
church and community organizations to needy children at Christmas time. An enthusiastic Leather Club, organized and run by its own members under the guidance of H. B.
Horniman, turned out some fine work. An interesting development conceived by Mr.
Horniman was the organization of small Leather Clubs by ex-New Haven lads in their
own communities on their release. One such club is in operation now in the Fraser
Valley and is proving a great success.   It is hoped that the idea can be expanded.
New Haven again entered an exhibit of metal and woodcraft in the Pacific National
Exhibition, which drew very favourable comment. The exhibit was displayed in one
of the commercial buildings and was manned by members of the British Columbia
Borstal Association.
A dozen lads enrolled in a twelve-week public-speaking course run by the Vancouver Junior Chamber of Commerce and organized by Malcolm Brandon. The course has
always proved quite popular, and those putting some effort into it, studying and preparing
their speeches carefully, have got a lot out of it. Two challenge trophies, offered annually,
for the best public speaker and the most improved speaker were presented to their
respective winners this year by Reeve MacSorley of Burnaby on the night of the final
public-speaking contest.
HEALTH AND WELFARE
Dr. Richmond, visiting medical officer and psychiatrist, and Mr. McAllister, visiting
psychologist, have spent one regular afternoon a week at the institution, besides being on
call if required in an emergency. #Their services to the institution over the years have
been marked by a kindness and co-operation, and a willingness to tackle any task regardless of their own personal inconvenience.   Dr. Richmond, in his annual report, writes:-
1 There has been no change in the routine for medical care of inmates since the
previous annual report.
 REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF NEW HAVEN H 11
I Dating from the establishment of a social worker at New Haven, great assistance
has been rendered by him in the preparation of the psychiatric reports which continue
to be prepared on each inmate. This ensures that within a matter of a week or two
following the admission of the inmate to New Haven, the psychiatric report has been
completed. The social worker is good enough to type the reports from my dictation,
and this enables a case discussion to take place between doctor and social worker in
each instance. The close association with the social worker has aided me in my acquaintance with progress of boys throughout their training.
I The general health of the inmates throughout the year has been very satisfactory.
Through the year there has been an average gain of 2 pounds in weight for each inmate.
" The arrangements for hygiene continued to be satisfactory, and on two occasions
we have obtained the inspection and advice of W. A. Mallett, the sanitarian for the City
of New Westminster.! The hygiene of the dairy and farm animals has been adequately
maintained. The boys have attained a high standard of personal cleanliness and care
of their appearance.   Clothing, bedding, heating, and ventilation have been satisfactory.
I The new kitchen is greatly appreciated and will add much to the general medical
standards of the institution.   The quality and quantity of food remain excellent. jjj&f
"The following are the medical statistics for the year:—
' Visits by Dr. Richmond     74
Examinations by Dr. Richmond  206
Treated by hospital supervisor  453
Admitted to Vancouver General Hospital—
Tonsilectomy   2
Appendectomy   1
Neck tumour  1
Haemorrhoids   1
Emergency   1
4 i I   6
To Out-patients' Department, Vancouver General Hospital  119
Dental clinic—
Extractions   118
Fillings   59
Dentures   4
Repairs  2
Orthopaedic clinic  4
Dermatology clinic   9
Psysiotherapy  3
Heart station  2
*   Cancer clinic  1
Proctology  2
X-rays   11
To Crease Clinic for E.EJ3. examination  2
Received shock treatment at Oakalla Prison  7
Eye examinations by eye specialist .  9
Issued with glasses j  4
Repairs to glasses fggg  2 "
Mr. McAllister reports:— -■ 4g^f^
"Psychological services during 1954 followed the same general pattern as in 1953,
™ the allotment of one afternoon per week for this year was continued. Theseriservices
we included the administration of twenty-seven Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scales
(Form I) and sixteen Wechsler-Bellevue Scales (Form II) to forty-three separate
trainees.   The average intelligence quotient on the Form I was 99, and the average on
 II 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Form II was 102. The average for Forms I and II combined was 100. The following
graph illustrates the distribution of scores (in terms of the so-called ' intelligence^
quotient) for the combined scales:—
Score   j
Pip
frequency
70 80
Scores   (I.Q.)
2
o
3
p_   p.
fl)       H-
P
fl)
p
New Haven trainees' Wechsler-Bellevue I.Q. scores in 1954.
ii "Also administered during the year, through the co-operation of V. H. Goad, social
worker at New Haven, were fifty-live Californian Mental Health Analyses and sixty
Californian Occupational Interest Inventories. In addition, nine Henmon-Nelson Mental
Ability Tests were administered."
I referred earlier on to the appointment of a social worker at the end of last year.
Mr. Goad joined the staff in October, 1953, and in the fifteen months he has been with
us has more than justified his appointment. His first report is of particular interest and
illustrates the type of service he is giving.   He writes:—
I Following the procedure adopted toward the latter part of 1953, each new admission has been interviewed, as soon as possible after his arrival, for two main purposes.
First, to give him every reassurance that the time he will be spending at the institution
could and should prove not only beneficial because of the training he will receive, but
satisfying because of the variety of the programme. He is encouraged to take a positive
attitude toward his incarceration so that he may begin this new experience with hope and
enthusiasm rather than with resentment and dejection. Second, to obtain information
concerning his past history, occupational interests, emotional maturity, sociability, and
aptitudes, in order that we may have a better understanding of his problem and be able
to appraise his special needs for training, with as little delay as possible. As a diagnostic
aid, good use has been made of objective testing.
I Throughout the year each lad has been seen regularly at monthly intervals to
discuss his progress. The basis for this monthly interview has been a report compiled
by the instructor, the housemaster, and one of the house supervisors. It is felt that each
lad should be told where he stands, and that it is equally important for him to be given
credit where it is due as it is to criticize his shortcomings. He is given the opportunity to
explain any apparent misunderstandings that may have arisen, and, where necessary, his
 REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF NEW HAVEN
n 13
explanation is interpreted to the staff in an effort to alleviate any feelings of injustice
which might hinder his further efforts.
I In addition to general review of his life in the institution, his relationships with
family and friends are also discussed. It frequently happens that situations outside the
controlled environment of the institution are affecting a lad's progress, and further periods
of counselling are arranged. During the year under review it has been necessary to use
casework techniques in assisting to resolve personal problems which have arisen from
such areas as parental difficulties, marital relations, budgeting, " Children of Unmarried Parents Act" proceedings, social assistance for dependents, and preparation for the
acceptance of psychiatric treatment at the Crease Clinic.
I The psychiatric approach to the more complicated problems confronting us lias
been an invaluable part of our training programme. Difficult cases have been discussed
at some length with a view to determining whether or not the particular lad is capable
of further benefit by his stay at the institution. Two of the lads referred to the psychiatrist
for further interview were subsequently admitted to the Crease Clinic for treatment, thus
avoiding the unpardonable mistake of employing disciplinary action to stimulate greater
effort.
I Whenever possible, visits have been made to those parents and relatives who live
within the Greater Vancouver area. The purpose of these interviews has been to interpret
the training with a view to obtaining their co-operation, to gain additional information
for the social history, and, where necessary, to try to effect a reconciliation between the
lad and his family. An attempt has been made to accomplish the same ends through
correspondence with those families who live too far away to be visited, but the results
so far have not been too successful.
"As each lad's release has been approved by the Board of Parole, his case has been
discussed with the executive director of the British Columbia Borstal Association to
acquaint him with the lad's plans for employment and other arrangements on discharge.
A discharge report has been prepared for the association's information and copies supplied
for the sponsors.
' Because all of my time and effort in the institution is devoted to gathering pertinent
information concerning each lad and reporting it in the case-history file, it would seem
logical that I should be in a position to present the total picture to the Board of Parole
for their consideration. This responsibility has gradually been assumed during the year
and was begun with those lads who were admitted after my appointment to the New
Haven staff. Because all the present lads have been received since my arrival, this
responsibility has now become a focal point for all the other contacts I am able to arrange
with staff and boys alike." 1    Wm'
STAFF
There was only one new appointment during 1954. H. K. Pinchin joined the staff
half-way through the year, filling the vacancy caused by N. E. McLeish's resignation in
November, 1953.   f
Professor E. K. Nelson, Assistant Professor of Criminology at the University of
British Columbia, continued his weekly seminars through the year. Some interesting
films illustrating the development of hostility, rejection, and insecurity within the child
were shown and discussed, and a number of sessions were spent exploring the causes,
prevention, and treatment of delinquency. These seminars were well attended and much
appreciated by members, many of whom gave up their own free time to be present.
Throughout the year the members of the staff have shown the same splendid spirit
of co-operation and friendliness for which they have becom§ noted. I have noting but
Praise to offer for their loyalty and devotion to duty, often under the strain of long houfg
°n the job. As in former years, staff members have given very freely of their off-duty
toe to interest lads in some spare-time activity and often thereby have built up relation's whieh have proved of lasting value.
 i 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA
PAROLE BOARD
In June of this year the British Columbia Board of Parole celebrated its fifth anniversary. Over the last five years the Board has met monthly at New Haven to consider
the cases of those lads presented to it with a view to approving their release on licence at
the proper time.
The Board has the difficult task of making a decision on each case brought before it
To assist the Board in this task, the social worker describes the details of the case at some
length, pointing out the assets and liabilities, the progress made under training, the family
situation, and the plans for the future. The lad is then introduced to the Board, and
a short informal interview takes place. The Board must then make a decision either to
approve release on licence or hold over for a further period of training.
I am personally most grateful to the Chairman and members of the Board for the
co-operation and courtesy shown at all times to my staff and myself. The obvious sincerity and painstaking manner with which they approach their duties have not gone by
unnoticed by those who are privileged to be present at their meetings.
AFTER-CARE
When a youth is released from a period of institutional training, he is confronted
with understandable problems of social adjustment. In spite of the best efforts of those
responsible for his treatment and training, there is still much that must be done on his
release from the institution if he is to make a successful adjustment to community life.
These first few months of freedom are undoubtedly the most hazardous. It is not simply
a matter of providing employment and a place to live—these are important—but of at
least equal importance is the reception he receives from the community, for on the associations he forms may very well depend the success or failure of his new life. It is here
that assistance from those who understand some of the difficulties and problems these lads
face is of the utmost importance.
For the past seven years the British Columbia Borstal Association has been providing
just this type of after-care for those released on licence from New Haven. Working side
by side with the staff of New Haven, the executive director of the association, J. D.
Rickaby, assists in preparing lads to plan for their day of discharge, using all the available
resources of the community. Employment, lodgings, tools for a new trade must be
found, and, most important of all, someone who will sponsor and befriend the lad on his
release. Constant contact and supervision must be maintained with the newly released,
particularly during the early days, for there are usually problems to be resolved and rough
spots to be smoothed out.
The work of the association knows few bounds and cannot be fitted neatly into
office hours, and yet there are still men who come forward and willingly offer their
services. I have the highest praise for the directors and members of the Borstal Association; for its energetic and enthusiastic executive director and its loyal sponsors, their
reward is in seeing the results of their work. During 1954 fifty-four lads were released
to their care and supervision. In his annual report, the Chairman, Horace Keetch, was
able to report that close to 80 per cent of those under the association's care have made
good adjustments.   This record speaks for itself, jj :||
'^S^: '    :      ^ ■ % ; conclusion     ..... :    ,;^ ,';
* ?"";_p   ^J_____-^5-
In conclusion, I should like to add my deep appreciation to those not previously
mentioned who have assisted me in so many ways during the year. I would mention
specifically Mr. E.G. B_ Stevens, Inspector of Gaols, for his kindness and consideration
at all times; Mr. Selkirk, Departmental Comptroller; Mr. Hugh Christie and his treatment staff at Oakalla Prison; the members of the Provincial Probation Branch; and our
many friends and supporters who have given so freely and willingly of their time and * 1
 VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1955
310-253-4495
 

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