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THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA THIRTY-SECOND ANNUAL REPORT STATISTICS, 1953 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1955]

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Full Text

 THE FIRE MARSHAL
FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
THIRTY-SECOND
ANNUAL REPORT
STATISTICS, 1953
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1954
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 Tjo His Honour Clarence Wallace, C.B.E.,    ||      .||.     m   tf&;.: i^lP^iKtt      ijjfi
Lietf^&ntzG$vg?fior of the Province of British Columbia.
JJay it.please Your Honour:       J|:        - JsJI^i-    i^^   jfefkl
The undersigned has the honour to present the Thirty-second Annual Report of the
Fjre Marshal for the year ended December 31st, 1953.
|.    miQ-x   ;J||  '       -;,i^^   |   ROBERT W. BONNER, |. .,f]   jjgf
M Attorney-General
xivy .. .... . yisSyyt*- .-■-■■■,_ _f5J^
ii Victoria, B.C., March 31stx1954r _£ _k r
y^
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Report of Fire Marshal .__—i 0 |  5
Table I.—Inspections Made and Orders Issued by Local Assistant Fire Marshals  6
Table II.—Fires Reported  1
Ijjjil Construction of Buildings Burned : 8
Table III.—Causes of Fires .___  9
Table IV.—ClassificatioiiP-of Property Burned and Causes 10
Table V.—Summary 20
Table VI.—Ten-year Comparative Statement of Fire Losses 20
Table VIL—Loss of Life, 1944-53 21
 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL
Office of Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1954.
The Honourable Robert W. Bonner, Q.C.,
Attorney-General, .^
Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit the Thirty-second Annual Report of the Fire Marshal for the
year ended December 31st, 1953.      § fiSfi
You will be pleased to note that the fire loss is down $1,522,741 from $9,603,231
in 1952 to $8,080,490 in 1953. §
The various activities of the Office have kept up during the year. The travelling
instructional unit visited ninety-eight communities throughout the Province, which included
several industrial camps. A total of 1,589 persons registered for classes, which is indicative of the interest in the instruction of the unit and also of the interest the various communities are showing in fire-fighting and fire protection. In addition to the regular
evening classes, 446 inspections were carried out as an aid to local Assistant Fire Marshals
in the various centres. A system of visual education through the medium of films on
fire subjects has resulted in numerous requests for films from our library.
Civil Defence has provided two 500-gallons-per-minute pumpers for use in training
auxiliary firemen. This necessitated the engaging of four additional instructors. Several
Civil Defence subjects have been included in the schedule, and instruction in the operation of pumpers is now considered an essential part of the training.
During the latter part of 1953 we were engaged in preparations for the large project
of hose-thread conversion throughout the Province, but up to the end of the year little
actual conversion took place.
A large number of plans for schools in various parts of the Province were checked
and approved. School construction is keeping its steady pace, and new hospitals have
now passed the planning stage.
The new National Building Code has required attention, and discussions and meetings were held with various building authorities and engineers in order to have building
regulations more uniform throughout the Province. The increased use of compressed
gas has increased our office work, as there have been numerous requests for approvals
of equipment and advice as to installations, etc.
The number of conventional theatres has not increased, but the drive-in theatre is
becoming very popular, judging from the numerous plans which have been submitted.
During the year there were twenty-five prosecutions for arson and allied offences,
with eighteen convictions, five acquittals, and two cases yet to be heard. There were
thirty-four appeals to the Fire Marshal from orders issued by local Assistant Fire Marshals. There were 147 investigations of fires of suspicious and unknown origin. Some
of these investigations led to six inquiries and a number of charges being laid. During
the year there were fifty-six deaths by fire—twenty-four men, thirteen women, and
nineteen children.
Throughout the year the various members of the Office staff have been kept very
husy, and I wish to thank them for their excellent co-operation and also to thank the
many fire and police departments for valuable assistance.
I have the honour to be,
| Sir,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. WALKER,
Fire Marshal.
 C 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE L—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY LOCAT
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALS
City Municipalities (35)
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Alberni	
Armstrong—
Chilliwack—
Courtenay—
Cranbrook—
Cumberland-
Duncan	
Enderby	
Fernie	
Grand Forks.
Greenwood—.
Kamloops—
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Kimberley—
Ladysmith—
Merritt	
Nanaimo	
99
41
8
50
365
489
1,240
632
1,200
1
2
1
20
District Municipalities (28)
Burnaby	
Central Saanich..
Chilliwhack	
Coldstream	
Coquitlam	
Delta	
Esquimalt	
Fraser Mills	
Glenmore	
Kent	
Langley	
Maple Ridge	
Matsqui	
Mission	
North Cowichan
6,744
171
Nelson	
New Westminster
North Vancouver.
Penticton	
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Salmon Arm—..	
Slocan	
Trail	
Vancouver	
Vernon	
Victoria.-.	
Totals	
828
5,797
1,631
234
482
168
1,410
30,255
273
19,120
64,322
North Vancouver
Oak Bay	
Peachland	
Pitt Meadows	
Richmond	
Saanich	
Salmon Arm	
Spallumcheen	
Sumas	
Summerland	
Surrey	
Tadanac	
West Vancouver-
Totals	
1,581
909
350
1,186
409
63
11,413
Orders
6
321
8
9
8
27
17
421
19
Village Municipalities (48)
Abbotsford	
Alert Bay	
Ashcroft	
Burns Lake	
Campbell River	
Castlegar	
Chapman Camp	
Comox	
Cranberry Lake	
Creston	
Dawson Creek	
Fort St. James	
Fort St. John	
Fruitvale	
Gibsons Landing...	
Harrison Hot Springs
Hope	
Invermere	
Kinnaird	
Lake Cowichan	
Lillooet	
Lytton	
Marysville	
Mission City	
McBride	
6
41
69
12
74
70
36
12
1
New Denver	
North Kamloops
Oliver	
Osoyoos	
P arksville	
Pouce Coupe	
Princeton	
Qualicum Beach.
Quesnel	
Salmo	
Sidney	
Silverton	
Smithers	
Squamish	
Stewart	
Telkwa	
Terrace	
Torino	
Vanderhoof	
Warfield	
Westview	
Williams Lake	
Zeballos	
Totals...
54
58
118
63
6
13
144
764
27
52
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 7
TABLE L-
-INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY LOCAL
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALS—Continued
Fire Districts (19)
Inspections
Orders
Cariboo, County of.
Colwood	
District Lot 172	
loco	
Kelowna.
Kootenay, County of.
Langford	
Nanaimo, County of..
Pacific Mills Limited-
Powell River.—	
36
78
447
1
3
Prince Rupert, County of.
Sooke	
University Area	
Vancouver, County of.	
Vernon	
Victoria, County of.	
View Royal	
Westminster, County of....
Yale, County of.	
Totals.
Inspections
Orders
1,188
300
337
2,386
63
70
Inspections
Grand totals —.——— .  78,885
Grand totals,
Grand totals,
Grand totals,
Grand totals,
Grand totals,
Grand totals,
Grand totals,
1952  80,573
1951  82,321
1950.__, .__  82,526
1949  85,081
1948  83,918
1947  74,477
1946  50,904
Grand totals, 1945  60,638
Grand totals, 1944.  58,496
Orders
562
345
644
1,206
1,649
1,976
1,596
1,096
1,350
1,598
TABLE IL—FIRES REPORTED
City Municipalities (35)
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
28
S     $4,157
158
78,819
98
145,051
52
6,020
47
17,609
13
8,528
12
15,835
46
86,940
48
62,860
16
i       7,057
8
"       3,179
10
50
614
15,097
2,394
1,988,136
29
23,475
425
229,535
3,770
$2,905,393
Alberni	
Armstrong....
Chilliwack	
Courtenay	
Cranbrook—
Cumberland-
Duncan	
Enderby.	
Fernie	
Grand Forks.
Greenwood-
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Kimberley	
Ladysmith..-
Merritt	
Nanaimo_ _
14
3
22
22
22
3
14
1
5
5
55
5
65
22
9
8
61
$1,125
215
14,352
2,894
37,961
227
7,041
13
721
275
18,130
66,729
8,199
1,679
492
22,419
30,009
Nelson	
New Westminster
North Vancouver.
Penticton	
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Salmon Arm	
Slocan	
Trail	
Vancouver	
Vernon 1
Victoria	
Totals	
 C 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IL—FIRES REPORTED—Continued
District Municipalities (28)
T_*_st__ct Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
District Reporting
Number
Burnaby	
Central Saanich.
Chilliwhack	
Coldstream i
Coquitlam	
Delta . 1
Esquimalt	
Fraser Mills—..
Glenmore	
Kent.	
Langley	
Maple Ridge—
Matsqui j	
Mission	
North Cowichan.
Cariboo, County of l
Colwood	
District Lot 172	
loco	
Kelowna	
Kootenay, County of	
Langford	
Nanaimo, County of	
Pacific Mills Limited	
Powell River	
Prince Rupert, County of.
350
9
27
1
48
36
52
3
3
6
37
36
15
10
23
$136,799
13,063
134,711
37
96,223
21,868
22,992
1,440
114
1,649
44,583
327,595
13,227
7,426
76,167
North Vancouver
Oak Bay	
Peachland	
Pitt Meadows	
Richmond	
Saanich _	
Salmon Arm	
Spallumcheen	
Sumas	
Summerland	
Surrey .	
Tadanac	
West Vancouver-
Totals....
Village Municipalities (48)
Abbotsford	
Alert Bay .	
Ashcroft	
Burns Lake	
Campbell River	
Castlegar	
Chapman Camp	
Comox	
Cranberry Lake	
Creston	
Dawson Creek	
Fort St. James	
Fort St. John	
Fruitvale	
Gibsons Landing— _,
Harrison Hot Springs
Hope	
Invermere	
Kinnaird	
Lake Cowichan .	
Lillooet:	
Lytton .__	
Marysvflle	
Mission City	
McBride	
13
3
5
3
17
3
1
2
10
2
12
1
3
1
3
2
4
9
1
1
5
13
2
$7,002
385
1,098
15,336
4,618
1,133
868
40
369
532
3,901
11,854
2,062
8
259
34
.619
15,024
49
75
205
72,337
580
Fire Districts (19)
$630,038
3,412
630
250,612
5,009
474,428
308
508,083
20,358
144
469,141
Sooke	
University Area	
Vancouver, County of—
Vernon	
Victoria, County of	
View Royal	
Westminster, County of.
Yale, County of.—
Totals-
Grand totals.
90
113
5
90
184
1
4
12
9
155
39
98
1,456
New Denver	
North Kamloops
Oliver	
Osoyoos	
Parksville	
Pouce Coupe	
Princeton	
Qualicum Beach.
Quesnel	
Salmo	
S i dney	
Silverton	
Sm ithers	
Squamish	
Stewart	
Telkwa	
Terrace	
Torino	
Vanderhoof-	
Warfield	
Westview .	
Wilifetms Lake	
Zeballos	
Totals...
2
8
2
5
3
1
9
3
8
3
7
1
9
3
1
2
9
1
4
4
25
13
239
28
61
1
52
10
24
163
Amount
of Loss
$247,170
5,432
1,247
224,260
27,502
25
17,500
60,575
2,442
88,521
12,318
56,422
$1,641,308
$210
1,159
6,696
21,352
126
37
2,387
1,414
5,718
176
478
200
9,143
2,359
1,500
233
18,011
15
2,458
8,384
14,849
5,303
$240,596
$69,799
182,315
400
242,979
1,714
44,658
389,165
Construction of buildings burned— Number
Fire-resistive        44
Brick, concrete, or heavy timber         272
Wood frame  \  5,304
Metal or corrugated iron .       809
Totals.
6,429
Amount of Loss
$97,226
547,777
6,810,025
625,462
$8,080,490
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 9
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES
Causes of FJres
Number
Amount
of Loss
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount
of Loss
Acetylene-torch carelessness—
Alcohol-vapour explosion	
Ashes against wood—.	
Asphalt boiling over	
Boiler insufficiently protected.
Broken gasoline-line-
Broken oil-line.
Bunsen burner, carelessness with—
Candle carelessness ~	
Car upset	
Chemical explosion	
Children playing with fire	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe.
Coal-gas explosion	
Coal-stoker back-firing	
Collision	
Crane upset	
Curtains from stove	
Defective brooder j	
Defective chimney ,	
Defective fireplace \	
Defective flue-box	
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe—_
Defective oil-burner—,	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Defective oven |	
Defective stove or stove-pipe	
Defective wiring	
Diesel exhaust insufficiently protected
Disconnected oil fuel-line allowed
oil to spill on furnace	
Dust explosion	
Electrical applicances	
Engine back-firing	
Ether-vapour explosion	
Exposure .	
Film breaking at the aperture	
Firecrackers	
Friction in drive-shaft .	
Friction on brake-drum	
Friction on tires	
Friction sparks	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of..	
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected	
Gas-burner insufficiently protected	
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum ).
Gas explosion (manufactured or
natural)	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
Gasoline-torch carelessness	
14
3
50
2
3
8
5
1
53
17
1
9
91
2
5
3
1
3
11
213
16
1
6
36
31
1
13
29
1
1
4
333
43
1
84
1
38
2
12
3
2
2
42
1
5
29
45
18
12
$255^645
475
19,008
606
2,150
5,146
18,315
67
4,659
32,512
29
1,198
46,495
5,714
965
3,446
888
221
3,835
186,211
4,285
140,393
7,311
34,202
33,828
594
6,742
77,836
6,181
10,000
5,201
109,536
130,476
64,428
74,138
102
17,658
121
2,102
9,382
76,917
1,402
57,393
136
3,619
4,506
75,396
5,370
19,648
Gasoline-vapour explosion .	
Grease on stove	
Heat radiation	
Hot stove-lid falling on floor	
Ignition of creosote	
Ignition of oil	
Incendiary .	
Kerosene carelessness	
Lamp upset ..
Lightning	
Live coals	
Match carelessness -	
Matches, children with	
Molten metal	
Oil-burner explosion	
Oil-vapour explosion	
Overheating of machinery bearings—.
Paint vapours igniting	
Roofing cement, be^ng heated, ignited .	
Sawdust-burner back-firing	
Sawdust-burner   insufficiently   protected	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Solvent-vapour explosion	
Sparks from acetylene torch	
Sparks from boiler	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from bush fire	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from electric welder	
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from forge	
Sparks from furnace or furnace-pipe
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe	
Spontaneous ignition	
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected—
Stoxe explosion	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently
protected	
Tar boiling over	
Tarpaulin ignited from exhaust-pipe.
Thawing pipes	
Tractor upset	
Unknown 	
Wood too near furnace	
Wood too near stove	
Totals.
36
170
3
3
1
2
135
8
14
24
3
89
91
7
29
1
5
1
1
9
1
384
2,669
1
20
5
54
1
94
7
4
250
1
32
19
91
30
3
9
216
7
2
4
2
576
6
2
6,429
$51,615
30,907
109
31
13,409
1,168
346,703
20,813
10,754
6,745
61
14,035
41,196
1,526
18,032
150
11,986
334
268
9,709
260
273,816
479,087
8,583
63,719
4,467
70,737
2,552
71,992
509
9,979
22,270
350
49,523
82,462
34,539
61,899
1,758
1,185
200,986
86,917
1,315
1,212
4,721
4,393,248
6,290
75
$8,080,490
 C 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND
CAUSES
Property
Causes
Apartments
313
Asphalt plants	
Automobile courts
1
34
Automobiles       731
Acetylene-torch carelessness  .  i
Ashes against wood   2
Candle carelessness   2
Clothes too near stove ~  5
Defective chimney   14
Defective furnace   l
Defective oil-burner   3
Defective oil-burning equipment   2
Defective stove-pipe  1  1
Electrical appliances   17
Exposure  .—  4
Firecrackers  —  1
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected   l
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)  2
Gasoline-torch  carelessness   i —  1
Grease on stove  11
Heat radiation  .. ..., 2
Match carelessness   3
Matches, children with   1
Sawdust-burner back-firing  1  1
Short circuit  9
Smokers'  carelessness   170
Sparks from chimney  13
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from furnace 	
Sparks from stove 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected.
Tar boiling over 	
Unknown   	
Wood too near furnace	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Clothes too near stove	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Electrical appliances 	
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Grease on stove 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected —
Unknown   	
6
1
5
1
8
3
21
1
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
16
4
5
Acetylene-torch carelessness   7
Alcohol-vapour explosion   2
Ashes against wood   2
Broken gasoline-line   6
Car upset   17
Collision    2
Defective wiring   5
Electrical appliances   7
Engine back-firing   25
Exposure   11
Firecrackers   6
Friction in drive-shaft  —- -
Friction on brake-drum   10
Friction on tires   1
Gasoline  carelessness    10
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe   18
Gasoline-torch  carelessness    1
Gasoline-vapour explosion   12
Incendiary  7
Kerosene carelessness   1
Match carelessness   18
Matches, children with   3
Short circuit
215
Smokers'  carelessness   251
Sparks from acetylene torch  3
Sparks from bonfire   5
Sparks from electric welder j  1
Sparks from mill burner  2
Tarpaulin ignited from exhaust-pipe 	
Unknown                       79
Amount of Loss
$2,715
661
52
480
10,113
71
296
225
10
1,498
1,657
10
225
35
105
2,887
45
207
.      40
4,729
923
42,802
7,321
349
12
191
1,771
2,723
1,105
134,411
113
$20
72
382
167
2,761
100
720
10,561
3,322
$3,106
167
20
1,578
32,512
646
727
354
9,959
3,344
626
121
2,052
8,000
6,023
5,370
25
10,053
3,183
8,565
4,367
62
54,065
32,723
97
1,066
98
1,802
1,315
51,915
$217,782
156
18,105
243,941
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 11
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Bakeries
Banks
Barber-shops
Barges
Barns.
2
31
Blacksmith-shops
Boarding-houses
Boat-houses 	
Bottling-works
Bowling-alleys
Breweries.
Bridges	
Bulldozers
Bunk-houses
1
2
1
2
2
16
Buses
Canneries (fruit and vegetable)
Canneries (meat)
Cement-mixers	
Chair lifts	
Chemical laboratories
Churches i	
1
1
1
1
16
Clubs
18
Cold-storage plants
Grease on stove 	
Short circuit 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown  	
Defective chimney —
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from furnace
Exposure 	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown   	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Incendiary	
Matches, children with 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Unknown         22
Sparks from forge
Unknown   	
Electrical appliances
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from acetylene torch
Unknown   	
Sparks from electric welder
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown .	
Spontaneous ignition
Unknown	
Broken gasoline-line .
Short circuit	
Electrical appliances	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown	
Friction on brake-drum —
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Short circuit	
Electrical appliances
Sparks from boiler ..
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Bunsen burner, carelessness with	
Ashes against wood	
Candle carelessness	
Defective oil-burner	
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected	
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural) l
Incendiary	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from furnace	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Thawing pipes --
Unknown	
Wood too near furnace	
Ashes against wood	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Exposure 	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness      12
Sparks from bonfire	
Unknown 	
Amount of Loss
$2,403
50
631
655
$50
1,001
200
$61
37
$4,000
2,612
4,136
500
68,692
$350
700
$85
122
$25
1,200
$40
7,415
$2,700
100
$10
3,618
1,650
32,550
$35
92
33
$2,000
350
$140
571
936
5
546
5
2,936
3,700
887
1,095
6,800
572
$65
100
3,635
507
1,293
28,800
$3,739
1,251
98
36,679
79,940
1,050
207
1,225
118
7,455
3,289
1,050
2,800
37,828
160
2,350
5,192
846
55,422
67
18,193
34,400
7,944
 C 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Compressors   3
Cook-houses  2
Cranes —_  1
Dairies  9
Derricks        1
Distilleries        1
Dry-deaning plants —.      10
Dwellings  3,963
Child playing with fire
Gasoline carelessness _
Kerosene carelessness
Unknown 	
Crane upset	
Ashes against wood .	
Boiler insufficiently protected	
Smokers' carelessness  ..	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Boiler insufficiently protected	
Unknown 	
Firecrackers 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion ~	
Grease on stove	
Incendiary —
Match carelessness	
Short circuit	
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Alcohol-vapour explosion	
Ashes against wood  3
Asphalt boiling over	
Broken gasoline-line .	
Candle carelessness .  49
Chemical explosion .	
Children playing with fire	
Clothes too near stove	
Coal-gas explosion	
Coal-stoker back-firing  4
Curtains from stove  3
Defective chimney  177
Defective fireplace   15
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe   5
Defective oil-burner  19
Defective oil-burning equipment   19
Defective stove or stove-pipe  8
Defective wiring  19
Electrical appliances  j  242
Exposure  '.  30
Firecrackers  . ~ .  16
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of  1
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected  31
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)  2
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)   17
Gasoline carelessness   13
Gasoline-torch carelessness  2
Gasoline-vapour explosion  3
Grease on stove §  137
Heat radiation   1
Hot stove-lid falling on floor .  3
Incendiary   98
Kerosene carelessness  .  5
Lamp upset   14
Lightning  17
Live coals   3
Match carelessness   50
Matches, children with  .  67
Oil-burner explosion  23
Paint vapours igniting „   1
Sawdust-burner back-firing   7
Short circuit   85
Smokers' carelessness  1,849
Solvent-vapour explosion   1
Sparks from bonfire   19
Sparks from bush fire  1
Sparks from chimney  69
Sparks from electric welder  1
Sparks from fireplace  243
Sparks from furnace  ~ j  21
Amount of Loss
$81
954
$3,500
9,000
$25
1,500
120
819
$15
69
250
6,755
749
30
1,523
1,779
$308
15,217
206
868
4,021
29
1,117
44,643
4,181
816
221
141,052
4,219
7,240
23,639
5,676
6,196
46,893
30,154
11,545
2,444
481
25,8£1
92
2,095
9,866
58
2,205
15,704
64
31
166,083
8,553
10,754
2,776
61
2,868
25,375
8,004
334
4,973
84,076
149,482
8,583
8,508
2,552
52,684
86
21,859
13,891
$1,035
12,500
2,464
50
65,000
11,170
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 13
TABLE IV,
-CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Electrical substations   1
Electric-light plants   1
Electric-light poles	
Engines  1 ft  1
Factories (bed and mattress)— 1
Factories (brick and tilfe)  1
Factories (electroplating)  1
Factories (food processing) — 1
Factories (furiiture) —  3
Factories (ink)   1
Factories (paper products)  1
Factories (paste and mucilage) 1
Factories (sash and door)  1
Factories (sausage)   1
Factories (tar and chernical)._ 1
Factories (wire rope)   1
Fences   1
Fishing-boats  36
Foundries
Freight-cars  .  1
Funeral-parlours .  1
Gaols  1
Garages (private) ____„,  67
Sparks from stove , „ 81
Spontaneous ignition m» ._.._  ll
Stove explosion  7
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  153
Tar boiling oyer . „  l
Thawing pipes — - . i .  1
Unknown  ... g  198
Wood too near furnace o-  4
Wood too near stove _._«._,—,  2
Short circuit	
Unknown 	
Lightning 	
Engine back-firing 	
Friction sparks	
Unknown  .	
Furnace insufficiently protected
Electrical appliances	
Smokers' carelessness ..	
Unknown 	
Sparks from acetylene torch __„._.„._....,	
Sparks from electric welder __■	
Electrical appliances .	
Electrical appliances	
Defective oven	
Unknown 	
Unknown  ____.	
Sparks from bonfire - ___	
Collision  ;	
Defective oil-burner  i	
Defective wiring 	
Engine back-firing  . ,	
Exposure  	
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural) -
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Match carelessness —..	
Matches, child with 	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness  .	
Stove insufficiently protected	
Unknown 	
Defective chimney	
Dust explosion 	
Electrical appliances	
Molten metal 	
Sparks from electric welder
Sparks from furnace	
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
9
1
1
8
2
1
2
1
3
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
Spontaneous ignition ~	
Unknown 	
Incendiary 	
Ashes against wood  __.	
Electrical appliances	
Exposure  	
Firecrackers 	
Friction sparks 	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline-vapour explosion         2
Incendiary          2
Matches, children with        5
Short circuit        -
Smokers' carelessness ?	
Sparks from acetylene torch        1
Sparks from bonfire        5
Sparks from chimney        *
Sparks from electric welder        1
Sparks from stove         *■
Spontaneous ignifeton \       1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected        -
Unknown       23
$?8,754
10,926
655
99,350
148
75
606,112
5,605
75
  $1,730,324
  2,000
  3,750
  10
  332
  2,917
  130
  123
  1,180
$l,81&i<
16,242
  18,052
  3,916
  82
  40,232
  687
  594
  $67,160
  411,238
  50
$2,800
369
2,511
18,180
35
450
22,510
4,625
400
9,000
75
5,922
18,379
85,256
$364
4,626
3,200
201
30
600
$25
385
1,479
115
74,000
1,500
3,901
4,225
1,393
15,015
5
450
914
4,775
50
150
124
350
44,947
9,021
100
109
25
153,803
 C 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.
-CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Garages (public)       26
Gasoline-shovels
Gasoline-stations
Graders        1
Grandstands        1
Greenhouses        7
Halls      21
Haystacks        2
Hop-kilns        1
Hospitals . —I -        9
Hotels     150
House-boats
Launches _
Causes
Acetylene-torch carelessness	
Coal-stoker back-firing 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Electrical appliances	
Exposure	
Furnace insufficiently protected .
Gasoline carelessness	
Ignition of oil	
Oil-vapour explosion	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene torch	
Sparks from electric welder —
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Short circuit	
Acetylene-torch carelessness
Defective chimney 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from acetylene torch
Unknown 	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Defective chimney	
Defective stove-pipe 	
Electrical appliances 	
Gasoline-torch carelessness
Short circuit	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Clothes too near stove
Incendiary 	
Matches, child with 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from mill burner
Unknown 	
Spontaneous ignition
Unknown 	
Unknown  .	
Clothes too near stove 	
Defective oil-burner 	
Electrical appliances	
Gasoline-torch carelessness
Smokers' carelessness 	
Defective chimney 	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances 	
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)
Gasoline carelessness 	
Incendiary 	
Sawdust-burner back-firing 	
Short circuit	
  2
  2
  1
  6
  1
  1
  8
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  4
  1
  2
  2
  1
  1
  4
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
Smokers' carelessness  — 126
Spontaneous ignition   2
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  3
Unknown  .    6
Electrical appliances
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Unknown  	
Amount of Loss
$28,204
149
73
40
172
215
15,807
368
150
21,225
25
36,021
45
59,125
$427
200
$420
22
260
20
578
8,494
$700
71
500
20
100
1,175
$104
3,571
205
4,363
25
1,736
33,914
$400
1,000
$73
150
526
51
45
$17,419
380
19,768
332
350
48
1,029
260
465
16,406
603
23,266
81,838
$25
4,500
$1,197
100
$161,619
627
9,794
1,909
143
2,566
43,918
1,400
27,300
845
162,164
4,525
1,297
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 15
TABLE IV.
-CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Laundries '—
Locomotives        *
Logging camps        8
Lumber-piles -
Machine-shops
1
12
Mining properties      10
Motor-cycles
Mushroom-houses
Offices	
1
31
Paper-mills
peat plants	
Poultry-houses
1
29
Power-houses
Printing plants
Match carelessness	
Sparks from chimney
Unknown 	
Unknown 	
Clothes too near stove	
Defective stove-pipe	
Engine back-firing	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of
Unknown  .	
Sparks from fireplace	
Broken oil-line	
Exposure 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Short circuit 	
Sparks from acetylene torch
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Disconnected oil fuel-line allowed oil to spill on
furnace  ..	
Gasoline carelessness	
Incendiary .	
Lightning	
Short circuit \	
Sparks from engine	
Stove insufficiently protected	
Unknown 	
Engine back-firing 	
Firecrackers 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Match carelessness 	
Unknown 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Clothes too near stove	
Electrical appliances	
Exposure  	
Match carelessness 	
Oil-burner explosion 	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances	
Overheating of machinery bearings
Short circuit 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Unknown 	
Unknown 	
Ashes against wood _
Defective brooder —
Defective chimney —
Defective stove	
Electrical appliances
Exposure
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Sparks from stove 	
Spontaneous ignition	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected —
Unknown 	
1
$10
2
2,775
3
4,205
1
1
$396
1
52
1
200
1
921
4
296,603
1
1
$15,830
2
13,065
1
28,088
1
10
1
7,517
2
495
4
418,129
1
$10,000
1
249
Engine back-firing .
Short circuit	
Sparks from engine
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure 	
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
2
2
2
3
9
6
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
11
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
55,153
3,163
2,000
434
3,092
19,004
$38
21
125
60
1,150
$116
471
5,337
72
346
199
248
1,166
$750
10,114
1,808
6,350
1,591
$80
3,835
960
303
8,839
425
500
1,120
150
972
11,366
$94,619
300
978
6,000
$63
1,273
429
$6,990
700
298,172
1,000
483,134
93,095
1,394
1,589
7,955
20,613
19,230
28,550
101,897
 C 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.
CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Amount of Loss
Pump-houses
Railway-stations         3
Refineries (oil)  i        2
Restaurants
47
Rooming-houses
113
Sawmills
70
Schools i      22
Short circuit	
Stove insufficiently protected
Electrical appliances	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Short circuit	
Sparks from mill burner.
Unknown  ___..
Smokers' carelessness
Stove explosion 	
Unknown 	
Broken oil-line
Ignition of oil
Clothes too near stove . .
Coal-gas explosion	
Defective oil-burner  —.	
Defective oil-burning equipment 	
Electrical appliances |	
Exposure  .	
Firecrackers  § -
Furnace insufficiently protected 	
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural).
Gasoline-torch carelessness 	
Grease on stove	
Matches, children with -—
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from fireplace  .	
Spontaneous ignition  _.	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Tar boiling over 	
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown  .	
80
Defective chimney  _. .	
Defective fireplace 	
Defective oil-burner  	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure 	
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural) 	
Incendiary 	
Match carelessness 	
Sawdust-burner back-firing  \ -
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire - .	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from fireplace 	
Sparks from stove .	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected       2
Unknown        5
Defective flue-box  1
Electrical appliances   1
Engine back-firing   2
Incendiary   3
Overheating of machinery bearings   2
Short circuit  2
Sparks from acetylene torch  2
Sparks from boiler   3
Sparks from bonfire  2
Sparks from engine   2
Sparks from mill burner ..  15
Spontaneous ignition	
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown  , . - 3
Defective chimney
Dust explosion	
$171
180
—      $2,116
$2,300
900
5,500
456
5,079
$150
500
900
$400
800
$36
1,533
172
150
853
20
3
8,151
958
15,776
2,929
150
8,591
166
12
25
348
11,448
82
17
4,287
$3,488
66
54
179
125
28
15
123
7
55
6,738
21
78
78
87
73
40,911
$140,393
1,000
5,132
31,711
1,697
15,431
13,064
3,917
8,509
8,567
78,468
1,500
150
14,333
666,727
$9,314
25
14,235
1,550
1,200
55,707
—       52,126
990,599
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Sheds
89
Sheet-metal works
Shingle-mills
Ships
Smelting plants      37
Steel-fabricating plants
Mores
1
167
Amount of Loss
Electrical appliances  -'.-'  1
Ether-vapour explosion   1
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected   2
Gas-burner insufficiently protected  1
Gasoline-torch carelessness  g  2
Kerosene carelessness   1
Matches, children with  2
Oil-burner explosion |  2
Smokers' carelessness  3
Sparks from bonfire .  1
Spontaneous ignition   1
Unknown  .  3
Ashes against wood  6
Clothes too near stove  1
Defective chimney  1
Electrical appliances  .  2
Engine back-firing  1
Exposure   4
Firecrackers   1
Gasoline carelessness   3
Grease on stove  2
Incendiary .  6
Match carelessness   2
Matches, children with  4
Molten metal  1
Short circuit  3
Smokers' carelessness  5
Sparks from acetylene torch ,— 1
Sparks from boiler  1
Sparks from bonfire  9
Spontaneous ignition  1
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected  1
Stove insufficiently protected  5
Unknown  .  29
Exposure   1
Sparks from acetylene torch  1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Boiler insufficiently protected  1
Lightning  1
Unknown   1
Acetylene-torch carelessness   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Unknown   2
Acetylene-torch carelessness  2
Ashes against wood   1
Asphalt boiling over 1  1
Broken oil-line  3
Defective chimney  1
Dust explosion  2
Electrical appliances  -
Furnace insufficiently protected  3
Molten metal  3
Overheating of machinery bearings   2
Short circuit  11
Sparks from acetylene torch  3
Sparks from furnace  2
Unknown  —  1
Molten metal   1
Acetylene-torch carelessness 1  1
Ashes against wood	
Clothes too near stove  3
Defective chimney  3
Defective oil-burner  3
Defective oil-burning equipment  2
Defective wiring  2
Electrical appliances     14
Exposure   '
$11
64,428
22,254
136
3,538
195
763
1,442
356
4,000
25
293,675
$674
550
20
1,023
75
710
115
2,880
663
38,150
495
908
250
463
4,166
200
200
9,880
220
85
1,915
23,238
$585
172
175
$600
170
36,633
$150
5
250,957
$1,050
50
400
210
200
550
763
150
850
175
5,310
1,475
173
14,203
$220,000
860
56
2,083
8,134
25,443
1,155
2,313
26,802
$400,162
86,880
932
37,403
251,112
25,559
100
 C 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.
-CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Stores and apartments      33
Stores and dwellings      36
Stores and offices
Stores and rooms      21
Storm-sewers   1
Street-cars     1
Tar-pots    1
Theatres    4
Tractors    24
Causes
Firecrackers  .  7
Gasoline-torch carelessness _  3
Grease on stove  5
Incendiary   2
Lightning   1
Oil-burner explosion  1
Short circuit  9
Smokers' carelessness   74
Sparks from bonfire  5
Sparks from chimney   2
Sparks from furnace   2
Sparks from stove  2
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  2
Unknown   14
Ashes against wood  -g$  1
Clothes too near stove . 1
Defective chimney  1
Defective oil-burning equipment  1
Electrical appliances   3
Exposure   3
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)  1
Grease on stove  1
Incendiary   1
Short circuit )  1
Smokers' carelessness   14
Stove insufficiently protected   1
Thawing pipes   1
Unknown   3
Defective chimney .  1
Defective wiring   1
Electrical appliances   3
Exposure   1
Firecrackers   1
Grease on stove  2
Incendiary   2
Short circuit  5
Smokers' carelessness   11
Sparks from bonfire  1
Stove insufficiently protected   3
Unknown   5
Defective wiring   1
Grease on stove  1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Stove insufficiently protected   1
Unknown   2
Ashes against wood   1
Defective chimney  1
Electrical appliances   3
Grease on stove  1
Incendiary   1
Match carelessness   1
Oil-burner explosion  1
Short circuit  1
Smokers' carelessness  8
Unknown  3
Matches, children with 	
Short circuit	
Tar boiling over   1
Film breaking at the aperture 	
Gas explosion (liquified petroleum)   1
Unknown  2
Engine back-firing  1
Gasoline carelessness   8
Short circuit  5
Sparks from bonfire  1
Tractor upset 	
Unknown  7
Amount of Loss
$12,292
75
1,622
720
25
1,520
3,879
41,885
6,301
33
30,396
4,297
3,816
20,987
$1,093
12
198
50
396
966
44
38
33
125
5,236
6
25
18,747
$65
6,768
310
300
46
163
5,132
34,191
13,041
685
14,759
70,841
$414,694
26,969
146,301
 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 19
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Trailers
8
Transformers        J
Trestles        *
Tug-boats         6
Warehouses       46
Defective oil-burning equipment
Friction on tires 	
Grease on stove	
Short circuit	
Unknown I	
Lightning	
Matches, children with 	
Diesel exhaust insufficiently protected
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown	
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
Water-pumps   2
Water-towers   2
Welding-machines  1
Wood-preserving plants  1
Woodworking plants   1
Yacht clubs  1
Totals 6,429
Broken oil-line	
Defective chimney .	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Electrical appliances	
Exposure 	
Firecrackers 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Grease on stove	
Incendiary    .	
Match carelessness 	
Roofing cement, being heated, ignited
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene torch	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from furnace  —
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove explosion 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected	
Tar boiling over 	
Unknown	
$1,129
1,382
280
125
178
$3,094
200
544
$6,181
3,100
157,948
333
2,642
170,204
1
$2,000
1
70
2
600
3
10,258
3
1,097
1
1,981
2
3,239
1
2,699
1
1,874
1
14,899
2
129
1
268
1
850
2
204
1
746
1
500
2
29,743
1
30
2
260
1
85,500
16
154,941
Unknown	
Lightning	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Ignition of creosote 	
Defective stove-pipe 	
Smokers' carelessness	
2
2
1
1
1
1
6,429
311,888
250
401
337
13,409
110
88
$8,080,490
 C 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1953
C 21
TABLE VII.—LOSS OF LIFE, 1944-53
Occupancy
Apartment	
Apartment 	
Apartment	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling 	
Fishing-boat —
Fishing-boat —
Fishing-boat —
Fishing-boat —
Garage (public)
Hotel	
Hotel	
Hotel	
Machine-shop
Shed	
Store and apartment
Yard	
Yard 	
Totals, 1953	
Totals, 1952	
Totals, 1951	
Totals, 1950	
Totals, 1949.	
Totals, 1948	
Totals, 1947	
Totals, 1946	
Totals, 1945	
Totals, 1944	
Ten-year totals.
Cause of Fire
1
4
3
Defective chimney	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown	
Children playing with fire	
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances	
Gasoline carelessness	
Lamp upset	
Matches, children with	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from stove	
Unknown	
Engine back-firing	
Match carelessness	
Matches, children with..	
Stove insufficiently protected.
Gasoline carelessness	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove insufficiently protected.
Unknown	
Broken oil-line ..
Gasoline carelessness	
Unknown	
Children with matches	
Gasoline carelessness	
Men
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
5
1
2
1
226
Loss of Life
Women
1
3
3
Children
1
3
1
9
1
24
13
19
27
6
17
19
12
18
28
13
19
24
6
15
29
5
24
21
2
16
21
7
8
25
12
21
8
6
5
82
162
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1954
WM34-927S
 hi
n
mm-fi
  

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