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THE MILK BOARD ANNUAL REPORT For the Year Ended December 31st 1954 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1955]

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
THE MILK BOARD
ANNUAL REPORT
For the Year Ended December 31st
1954
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1955
  To His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in Council
of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Sir,—We have the honour to transmit herewith, in accordance with section 67 of
the I Public Utilities Act," the Ninth Annual Report of the Milk Board under that Act
for the year ended December 31 st, 1954.
|       I THE MILK BOARD.
E. C. Carr, Chairman.
Fraudena Eaton, Member.
H. M. King, Member.
Vancouver, B.C., February 15th, 1955.
  Ninth Annual Report of the Milk Board
For the Year Ended December 31st, 1954
This Report of the Milk Board is made in accordance with section 67 of the " Public
Utilities Act" and covers the calendar year ended December 31st, 1954.
Tables giving up-to-date statistical information relative to sale of fresh fluid dairy
products, similar to that given in previous Reports, are appended hereto.
AREAS UNDER CONTROL OF THE BOARD
During the year there were not any new parts of the Province prescribed as areas
in which orders and regulations of the Board should apply. However, on August 31st
all those portions of Vancouver Island which had previously been prescribed as individual
areas were consolidated into one area, namely, the Vancouver Island area. This new area
was divided into districts with boundaries corresponding to those of the old areas. The
consolidation of the Vancouver Island areas was made to facilitate licensing and administration of quotas under the provisions of Order No. 40. With the old areas shown in
parentheses, the following are the districts of the Vancouver Island area: District 1
(Greater Victoria), District 2 (Duncan), District 3 (Ladysmith-Nanaimo), District 4
(Parksville-Qualicum), District 5 (Alberni), and District 6 (Courtenay-Campbell
River).
BOARD MEETINGS
The Board held four public hearings during the year, as follows: Kamloops, March
30th; Nanaimo, July 21st; Abbotsford, July 23rd; and Vancouver, December 28th.
Three hearings were also held to deal with applications for certificates of public convenience and necessity, as follows: Vancouver, August 4th, re Bellavista Farms Limited
to construct, equip, and operate a public utility plant at Milner for the purpose of processing milk produced by the dairy herds of said company and distributing said milk in
certain districts of the Vancouver area, namely, the Langley and Surrey Municipalities;
Ladysmith, September 30th at 10 a.m., re Charles Courtney, Ladysmith, to distribute
milk, produced by his own herd, to the public for compensation in District 3, Vancouver
Island area; and Ladysmith, September 30th at 2 p.m., re George and Margaret Helen
Wyndlow to distribute milk, produced by their own herd, to the public for compensation
in District 3, Vancouver Island area. Transcripts of the proceedings of all these hearings
are on file in the office of the Board. i       ♦ f
In addition, the Board met thirty-three times in its office to deal with matters of
policy and administration. Minutes of all these meetings are recorded in the minute-book
of the Board. Numerous conferences were also held with all classes of distributers
engaged in the industry and others, in both controlled and uncontrolled areas, to discuss
matters pertaining to the production, supply, distribution, and sale of milk.
BONDING OF MILK-DEALERS
Under a judgment of the Honourable Mr. Justice J. O. Wilson, in the Supreme
Court of British Columbia, June 9th, 1954, in the matter of an application for a writ of
mandamus to the Milk Board of the Province of British Columbia requiring that body to
issue a licence to the applicant, Avalon Dairies Limited, permitting it to distribute milk,
toe Regulations re Bonding Milk-dealers (approved by Order in Council No. 607, 1953)
were declared ultra vires of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.   This judgment was not
appealed.   The Milk Board, therefore, discontinued the administration of these regulations.
 JJ 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA
QUOTAS
In accordance with the provisions of Order No. 40, on February 15th all primary
producers, who had qualified, were allotted basic quotas. Under the provisions of Order
No. 50, on October 1st the basic quota of each primary producer was adjusted to bring it
more in line with the whole-milk requirements of his milk-dealer. These adjusted quotas
gave primary producers a better knowledge of the amount of milk they could expect to
market for whole-milk requirements. In most cases the adjustment decreased basic
quotas but it did not change any primary producer's percentage share of his milk-dealer's
whole-milk requirements. It did, however, obviate the necessity of any primary producer
supplying more than his new quota during a basic term in order to maintain his share of
his market.
LICENSING
■ ^Pursuant to the provisions of Order No. 50, licences are issued for a period of
twelve months, or portion thereof, ending on March 31st of the period in respect of which
they are issued. A summary of 1954-55 licences issued, cancelled, and in effect at
December 31st follows:—
Area
Class I, Milk-dealer
Issued
Cancelled
In
Effect
Dec. 31,
1954
Class II, Milk-jobber
Issued
Cancelled
In
Effect
Dec. 31,
1954
Class III,
Producer-Distributer
Issued
Cancelled
In
Effect
Dec. 31,
1954
Class IV,
Primary Producer
Issued
Cancelled
In
Effect
Dec. 31,
1954
Vancouver	
Vancouver Island-
District 1 — 	
District 2	
District 3	
District 4	
District 5	
District 6	
Totals	
21
■ 1  21
1
	
1
7
	
7
4,192
251 |
4
.... |  4
2
2
28
28
237
3
1
.... 1  1
—•-__
——---.
__.____.
11
——
11
34
4
-__. j 4
—
  -
—
11
6
8
—
11
6
7
57
1 |
Z j Z
1
i
1
2
-.- |  2
-—
	
—
8
—
8
54
2 |
32
32
1
4
....
4
79
1
78
1
4,574
257 |
!
3,941
234
34
56
52
4,317
During the year nine Class IV licences were suspended upon complaint that the milk
being shipped was not of suitable quality for use in the fluid trade, and two Class IV
licences were suspended upon complaint that the primary producers concerned were
adulterating their shipments of milk by the addition of water. All licences had been
reinstated before December 31st. It is gratifying to note the sharp reduction in the
number of suspensions of Class IV licences this year.
ENFORCEMENT
Court proceedings were taken on three occasions for the following infractions of
provisions of the | Public Utilities Act 1 or of Milk Board orders:— *
(1) Operating as a distributer within a prescribed area without appropriate
licence so to do.
(a) Found guilty in Magistrate's Court.
(b) In this case a milk-dealer had been refused a licence because of
failure to establish financial responsibility pursuant to the provisions of the
Regulations re Bonding of Milk-dealers. The milk-dealer applied to the
Supreme Court of British Columbia for a writ of mandamus requiring the
Milk Board to issue a licence to the applicant permitting him to distribute
milk. Judgment of the Supreme Court was that the writ of mandamus
must issue to the Milk Board directing that body to issue a licence to the
applicant.    (See Bonding of Milk-dealers.) 1
 REPORT OF THE MILK BOARD, 1954 jj 7
(2) Extension of milk-distributing operations without first obtaining a certificate of public convenience and necessity as required pursuant to the provisions of section 12 of the Act.
(a) Found guilty in Magistrate's Court.
(b) Appeal from conviction pending at end of year.
(c) Appeal abandoned on January 8th, 1955.
(3) Failure to pay primary producers in accordance with the provisions of
Order No. 40 respecting quotas.
(a) Charge dismissed in Magistrate's Court.
(b) Appeal from this dismissal pending at the end of the year.
(c) Appeal dismissed, January 20th, 1955.
The appeal which was pending at the end of 1953 (Enforcement (2), 1953 Annual
Report) was heard in the County Court of the County of Nanaimo on January 26th, 1954.
On October 12th, 1954, His Honour Judge Hanna dismissed the appeal. An appeal to
the Appeal Court of British Columbia from His Honour Judge Hanna's judgment is now
pending. .
ROYAL COMMISSION
During August the Milk Board reported to the Honourable Minister of Agriculture
that the minimum-price provisions of its Orders Nos. 41, 48, and 51 had not and were
not being complied with by all of the milk-dealers, co-operatives, associations, and
agencies within the Vancouver area, and that some primary producers in the Vancouver
area were not receiving the price for whole milk supplied for whole-milk requirements
as set by said orders.
Under date of September 3rd, 1954, His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in
Council approved Order in Council No. 2008, which appointed the Honourable Mr.
Justice J. V. Clyne as sole Commissioner under the provisions of the " Public Inquiries
Act" to inquire into the enforcement of the said orders of the Milk Board and the extent
to which the provisions of the said orders have been and are being complied with by
milk-dealers, co-operatives, associations, and agencies within the Vancouver area, and
in particular to seek answers to the following questions: —
(1) Have all primary producers within the Vancouver area received the price
for whole milk supplied for whole-milk requirements as set by Orders
Nos. 41, 48, and 51 of the Milk Board less only such deductions as have
been authorized by order of the Milk Board?
(2) If all primary producers have not or are not receiving such price, to what
is such violation of the orders of the Milk Board attributable?
(3) Which milk-dealers, co-operatives, associations, or agencies have not
complied with Orders Nos. 41, 48, and 51 or other orders of the Milk
Board? |
(4) What is the corporate organization and capital structure and method of
distribution of profit of such milk-dealers, co-operatives, associations, and
agencies, and who are the true owners thereof?
And to inquire into any other matter in relation to the production, marketing, and
distribution of whole milk in the Province that in his opinion it is in the public interest
to inquire into as a result of the inqury into the matters hereinbefore set out; and to report
thereon as speedily as possible to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council with the opinions
which he may have formed in relation to the matters aforesaid as the result of the inquiry,
and with such recommendations as he may think proper.
Hearings of the Royal Commission commenced in Vancouver on October 25th, and
were adjourned on December 21st until January 4th, 1955.
 JJ 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
SUMMARY OF APPLICATIONS RECEIVED AND ORDERS ISSUED
An application was made by Messrs. Harry and Wallace Glover, of Port Alberni
B.C., for a certificate of public convenience and necessity to permit them to distribute
milk'in the Ladysmith area. It was the decision of the Board that in view of the fact the
Messrs. Glover planned to operate as a milk-jobber in the Ladysmith area, and that the
conditions under which milk would be obtained for such operation would not be in
accordance with the provisions of Order No. 40 of the Board relative to the operation of
business by milk-jobbers, a hearing in this instance was not warranted and, therefore, was
not held.
Order No. 44.—Order No. 44 (approved by Order in Council No. 235) was made
on February 1st to become effective in all prescribed areas within the Province on and
after February 8th.   This order amended certain provisions of Order No. 40 respecting
quotas. iiNi^B
Under date of February 19th, an application was made by producers supplying milk
for the fluid trade in Kamloops and district to have the Board extend its jurisdiction to
that area. A public hearing to deal with this application was held in the City of Kamloops
on March 30th. After consideration of all the submissions, evidence, and arguments
advanced at the hearing, the Board decided not to prescribe Kamloops and district as
a controlled area.
Under date of March 9th, an application was made by Arrowsmith Farms (Nicholson Limited), of Hilliers, B.C., producer-distributers, for a certificate of public convenience and necessity to permit them to extend their operations to the Alberni area. Following conferences with officials of the company, it was decided a hearing to deal with this
application be held in abeyance.
Order No. 45.—Order No. 45 (approved by Order in Council No. 645) was made
on March 17th to become effective on and after April 1st. This order amended section 1
of Order No. 42. |
Under date of April 5th, an application was received from Kelly, Douglas & Company Limited, of Vancouver, B.C., for permission to ship milk purchased from Shannon
Dairies Limited, Vancouver, B.C., to its Super-Value Store in the Alberni area. The
permission requested was refused.
Order No. 46.—Order No. 46 was made on May 4th. This order listed items which
the Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association shall set forth in detail on all statements
to their members covering milk supplied to said association for whole-milk requirements.
Under date of May 4th, an application was made by Bellavista Farms Limited, of
Milner, B.C., primary producers, for a certificate of public convenience and necessity
to permit the extension of their operations to include the processing of milk produced by
the herds of said company and the distributing of said milk to the public in the Langley
and Surrey Municipalities in the Vancouver area. On August 4th the Board held a
hearing in the Court-house, Vancouver, to deal with this application. Decision of the
Board, rendered on September 9th, was that public convenience and necessity did not,
at that time, require Bellavista Farms Limited to extend their operations. The issue of
the certificate as prayed for was therefore refused. An appeal from this decision of the
Board has been made to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council upon a question of fact.
This appeal has not yet been heard.
Order No. 47.—Order No. 47 was made on May 12th. This was an order directing
Milk Shippers Agency Limited to make such adjustments in payments for milk received
from its primary-producer members during the months of February, March, and April,
1954, in all cases where period quotas calculated by said agency did not agree with period
quotas calculated by Inspectors of the Board.
Order No. 48.^—Order No. 48 (approved by Order in Council No. 1254) was made
June 1st to become effective in the Vancouver area on and after June 10th. This order
rescinded and replaced Orders Nos. 41 and 46.
 REPORT OF THE MILK BOARD, 1954 jj 9
Order No. 49.—Order No. 49 (approved by Order in Council No. 1254) was made
on June 1st to became effective in the Greater Victoria, Duncan, Ladysmith-Nanaimo
Parksville-Qualicum, Alberni, and Courtenay-Campbell River areas on and after June
10th.  This order rescinded and replaced Orders Nos. 42, 43, and 45.
In accordance with the provisions of Order in Council No. 1255, which reversed
the decision of the Board in the matter of an application by Lucerne Milk Company for
a certificate of public convenience and necessity on June 8th, the Board issued the certificate as prayed for.   This certificate was approved by Order in Council No. 1362.
Under date of July 21st, an application was made by Mr. Charles Courtney, of
Ladysmith, B.C., primary producer, for a certificate of public convenience and necessity
to permit him to extend his operations to include the distributing of milk, produced by his
own herd, to the public for compensation in District 3, Vancouver Island area. A hearing
to deal with this application was held in Ladysmith on September 30th. The certificate
prayed for was issued on October 29th. This certificate was approved by Order in
Council No. 2530.
Order No. 50.—Order No. 50 (approved by Order in Council No. 2001) was made
on July 30th to become effective in any prescribed area within the Province on and after
date of approval by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. This order rescinded and
replaced Orders Nos. 40 and 44.
Order No. 51.—Order No. 51 (approved by Order in Council No. 2001) was made
on July 30th to become effective in the Vancouver area on and after the date of approval
by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.   This order rescinded and replaced Order No. 48.
Order No. 52.—Order No. 52 (approved by Order in Council No. 2001) was made
on July 30th to become effective in the Vancouver Island area on and after date of
approval by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. This order rescinded and replaced
Order No. 49. f| ||p; ;|||; ft
Under date of August 3rd, an application was made by the Nechako Valley Dairy
Company Limited of Vanderhoof, B.C., milk-dealer, for a certificate of public convenience and necessity to permit it to extend its milk-distributing operations to the City
of Prince George and vicinity. Following investigation of conditions in the Prince George
market and conferences with all interested parties in that market, the Board decided,
pursuant to the provisions of section 13 of the " Public Utilities Act," to exempt the
applicant from the provisions of section 12 of said Act.
Under date of August 9th, an application was made by Hillside Dairy, of Cloverdale, B.C., producer-distributer, for exemption from the provisions of section 12 of the
"Public Utilities Act," pursuant to the provisions of section 13 of said Act, in the matter
of the extension of its operations by the construction and equipping of a plant for the
purpose of pasteurizing milk, produced by its own cows, before sale to the public. The
exemption applied for was granted.
Order No. 53.—Order No. 53 was made on September 9th, but cancelled before
issue.
Under date of September 16th, an application was made by George and Margaret
Helen Wyndlow, of Yellow Point, B.C., primary producers, for a certificate of public convenience and necessity to permit them to extend their operations to include distribution
of milk; produced by their own cows, to the public for compensation in District 3, Vancouver Island area. A hearing to deal with this application was held in Ladysmith on
September 30th. On evidence adduced at this hearing, the Board decided, pursuant to
the provisions of section 13 of the I Public Utilties Act," to exempt the applicants from
the provisions of section 12 of said Act.
Order No. 54.~Order No. 54 (approved by Order in Council No. 2159) was made
pn September 21st to become effective on date of approval by the Lieutenant-Governor
m Council.   This order amended section 11 of Order No. 50.
 JJ 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Under date of November 3rd, an application was made by Island Farms Dairies
Co-operative Association, of Victoria, B.C., milk-dealer, for exemption from the provisions of section 12 of the j Public Utilities Act," pursuant to the provisions of section 13
of said Act, in the matter of the construction of a new dairy plant in the City of Victoria.
The exemption applied for was granted.
 REPORT OF THE MILK BOARD, 1954
STATISTICAL TABLES
JJ 11
Table Ia.—Sales, Vancouver Area
Standard
Milk
1947—Totals ~
1948—Totals |
J949—Totals ~.
1950—Totals __.
1951—Totals-
1952—Totals _
1953—Totals—
1954—
January 	
February 	
March	
April —
May	
June	
July	
August	
September....
October	
November	
December	
Totals
Quarts
46,017,096
48,126,897
49,438,250
50,787,158
52,431,898
52,640,425
54,995,537
4,740,257
4,381,352
4,958,098
4,775,861
4,892,329
4,784,472
4,961,158
4,814,978
4,853,030.
5,023,846
5,026,555
5,012,697
Special
Milk
Quarts
13,433,647
10,414,299
9,343,757
8,618,249
6,406,479
5,294,969
4,894,773
373,482
348,548
392,919
379,382
377,430
363,442
366,783
348,684
348,795
346,356
346,347
344,425
Chocolate
Drink
Buttermilk
Quarts
883,314
1,101,730
1,427,635
1,494,081
1,157,901
781,270
826,203
55,144
62,295
73,905
62,265
74,285
72,022
67,466
68,139
78,223
82,363
78,274
60,840
58,224,673 | 4,336,593        835,221
Quarts
701,241
641,395
655,677
656,740
676,520
734,489
821,043
55,774
61,316
77,107
73,658
87,457
85,007
90,004
81,763
68,975
62,529
63,943
59,272
Skim-
milk
Quarts
843,665
856,906
805,339
978,909
1,067,050
1,371,057
1,381,368
123,336
115,128
136,442
131,194
136,671
139,695
127,895
130,208
123,659
130,292
136,186
133,593
Substandard
Cream
(9% Butter-fat)
Quarts
5,990,483
5,474,866
5,373,205
5,154,335
4,655,593
4,588,862
4,640,308
388,090
359,147
401,039
377,346
372,665
369,519
388,889
380,927
372,900
380,858
378,137
401,830
Table and
Sour
Cream
(18% Butter-fat)
866,805 |1,564,299 | 4,571,347
Quarts
813,716
744,281
666,995
673,749
586,175
515,753
509,446
38,889
38,124
45,154
41,416
43,447
44,818
51,348
48,630
43,760
41,504
42,037
46,663
Whipping
Cream
(32% Butter-fat)
Quarts
185,383
283,474
344,759
336,393
305,907
323,694
351,907
27,099
26,746
29,203
29,724
32,870
36,799
43,148
27,706
25,334
29,704
26,287
38,219
Totals
Quarts
68,868,545
67,643,848
68,055,617
68,699,614
67,287,523
66,250,519
68,420,585
5,802,071
5,392,656
6,113,867
5,870,846
6,017,154
5,895,774
6,096,691
5,901,035
5,914,716
6,097,452
6,097,766
6,097,539
525,790 |    372,839 |71,297,567
Table Ib.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 1 (Greater Victoria)
Standard
Milk
Special
Milk
Chocolate
Drink
Buttermilk
Skim-
milk
Substandard
Cream
(9% Butter-fat)
Table and
Sour
Cream
(18% Butter-fat)
Whipping
Cream
(32% Butter-fat)
Totals
1948—Totals...
1949—Totals...
1950—Totals—.
1951—Totals—
1952—Totals ___
1953-Totals....
1954—
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July I
August	
September....
October	
November	
December	
Totals
Quarts
8,797,551
9,077,288
9,255,091
9,148,777
9,046,434
9,324,199
769,210
740,533
824,049
810,289
833,388
789,845
826,656
796,299
797,647
845,420
839,707
848,302
Quarts
2,421,362
2,284,647
2,237,183
1,854,602
1,654,000
1,561,230
124,500
115,541
130,005
126,918
128,158
124,690
128,448
125,282
128,916
125,758
124,756
125,205
Quarts
111,906
185,616
154,510
147,448
124,584
108,923
7,182
7,427
9,130
8,772
10,544
9,783
9,399
8,299
10,139
10,551
10,000
8,042
9,721,345  1,508,177 |  109,268
Quarts
54,699
75,868
70,000
62,916
58,267
64,868
4,276
4,763
6,491
6,651
8,219
7,741
7,807
7,160
5,747
6,013
6,146
5,921
Quarts
47,352
102,483
64,303
98,935
132,532
175,558
15,771
15,793
18,452
18,087
19,483
18,716
19,139
17,838
17,871
18,545
19,205
19,137
Quarts
608,865
609,414
595,531
527,118
529,992
554,698
46,594
43,943
49,390
46,363
46,397
45,893
51,190
47,666
46,428
49,013
48,264
52,764
76,935  218,037 | 573,905
Quarts
121,728
108,554
103,846
92,831
86,383
88,103
5,990
5,823
6,557
6,913
6,650
7,102
8,666
8,189
6,757
6,470
5,735
6,248.
Quarts
82,915
91,699
88,719
81,022
82,059
89,442
5,533
5,991
6,742
6,723
7,480
11,001
16,775
7,586
6,609
7,358
6,360
_ 8,225
81,100 I      96,383
Quarts
12,246,378
12,535,569
12,569,183
12,013,649
11,714,251
11,967,021
979,056
939,814
1,050,816
1,030,716
1,060,319
1,014,771
1,068,080
1,018,319
1,020,114
1,069,128
1,060,173
1,073,844
12,385,150
 JJ 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table Ic.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 2 (Duncan)
1948—Totals—
1949—Totals-..
1950—Totals—
1951—Totals—
1952—Totals—
1953—Totals—
1954—
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September—
October	
November	
December—
Totals
Standard
Milk
Special
Milk
Quarts
Quarts
418,785
115,633
374,082
154,186
383,489
160,366
350,453
141,484
339,035
145,278
842,188
322,339
62,522
26,162
61,876
24,508
72,167
25,531
69,900
27,083
72,827
28,214
72,488
27,664
73,066
31,313
70,101
30,244
71,086
26,573
74,679
27,513
71,676
26,480
69,060
25,822
Chocolate
Drink
Buttermilk
Quarts
I 3,338
6,899
2,925
4,616
2,990
6,528
629
858
953
593
855
544
638
899
885
491
841,448   327,107    7,345
Skim-
milk
Substandard
Cream
(9% Butter-fat)
Quarts
494
689
1,863
2,513
2,040
5,339
478
388
487
443
542
588
561
450
428
518
561
488
5,932
Quarts
" 1,011
845
3,394
1,590
3,897
386
396
654
745
313
398
406
276
234
289
309
381
4,787
Quarts
5,616
5,112
6,894
7,198
4,773
12,463
926
869
1,160
1,106
1,227
1,338
1,927
1,037
1,043
932
986
1,027
13,578
Table and
Sour
Cream
(18% Butter-fat)
Quarts
7,879
7,090
6,635
6,426
6,434
3,889
304
297
342
298
324
347
436
371
387
346
300
356
Whipping
Cream
(32% Butter-fat)
Quarts
4,199
4,797
4,404
3,840
4,036
9,667
616
612
706
680
690
851
1,231
789
650
690
614
1,293
Totals
Quarts
556,955
553,700
566,576
519,924
506,176
1,206,310
92,023
89,804
102,000
100,848
104,992
104,218
108,940
103,268
101,039
105,866
101,811
98,918
4,108 |       9,422 I 1,213,727
Note.
ber, 1952.
-The Duncan area was enlarged to include Cowichan Lake and Shawnigan Lake and District in Novem-
Table Id.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 3 (Ladysmith-Nanaimo)
Standard
Milk
Special
Milk
Chocolate
Drink
Buttermilk
Skim-
milk
Substandard
Cream
(9% But-.
ter-fat)
Table and
Sour
Cream
(18% Butter-fat)
Whipping
Cream
(32% Butter-fat)
1948—Totals—
1949—Totals ....
1950—Totals....
1951—Totals....
1952—Totals...
1953—Totals—
1954—
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December	
Totals
Quarts
1,187,254
1,449,984
1,534,090
1,547,064
1,501,664
1,508,014
169,816
157,128
176,201
170,203
178,948
172,894
175,552
179,854
177,534
182,166
177,756
183,350
2,101,402
Quarts
253,596
224,349
236,944
166,102
128,106
123,283
9,890
9,606
10,412
10,601
10,128
9,553
9,846
9,491
9,366
9,663
10,533
10,949
120,038
Quarts
16,169
35,468
40,968
41,145
32,662
30,936
1,670
1,445
1,727
1,490
1,543
1,212
881
938
1,060
1,300
1,275
907
15,448
Quarts
2,488
2,537
3,628
4,823
4,460
5,121
368
712
684
1,001
858
742
856
944
729
685
663
632
8,874
Quarts
2,404
1,493
2,348
6,840
9,226
7,081
839
562
1,059
1,124
1,183
1,177
1,085
1,024
935
1,063
897
893
11,841
Quarts
26,099
34,827
35,819
37,950
42,094
55,111
3,820
3,938
4,392
4,736
4,653
4,235
4,856
5,316
5,107
5,132
4,970
4,612
55,767
4,809
16,728
Totals
Quarts
Quarts
25,098
7,212
17,029
12,526
18,148
14,018
14,818
12,395
7,802
12,456
5,088
12,938
497
1,306
414
1,196
452
1,201
428
1,298
396
1,367
460
1,468
463
1,931
377
1,580
325
1,230 |
375
1,372 |
307
1,131
315
1,648 |
Quarts
1,520,320
1,778,213
1,885,963
1,831,137
1,738,470
1,747,572
188,206
175,001
196,128
190,881
199,076
191,741
195,470
199,524
196,286
201,756
197,532
203,306
2,334,907
Note.—The Nanaimo area was enlarged to include Ladysmith, Chemainus, and district on May 1st, 1953.
 REPORT OF THE MILK BOARD, 1954
Table Ie.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area District 6
(Courtenay-Campbell River)
1952—Total—
1953—Totals—
1954—
January	
February—
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September—
October	
November—
December.—
Totals
Standard
Milk
Quarts
617,419
691,146
60,554
58,896
64,997
60,571
64,951
62,021
74,001
74,157
63,177
65,271
66,649
63,531
Special
Milk
Chocolate
Drink
Buttermilk
Quarts
670,852
654,648
45,133
43,542
48,737
48,930
49,295
47,473
47,380
46,558
44,419
45,343
44,134
43,592
Quarts
6,645
7,461
312
382
712
1,220
1,502
1,296
1,333
1,254
1,071
785
666
563
778,776 |     554,536 |       11,096
Quarts
242
4,958
357
395
545
623
746
694
840
750
527
474
442
429
6,822
Skim-
milk
Quarts
3,517
4,401
107
130
469
739
903
853
984
978
745
776
781
925
Substandard
Cream
(9% Butter-fat)
Quarts
24,357
17,871
1,592
1,588
1,697
1,666
1,613
1,874
2,349
2,349
2,094
2,010
1,981
2,012
Table and
Sour
Cream
(18% Butter-fat)
8,390 |      22,825
Quarts
538
760
64
78
81
69
52
79
49
44
11
6
7
6
Whipping
Cream
(32% Butter-fat)
Quarts
8,875
8,126
543
581
717
737
797
1,073
1,567
869
773
778
665
887
JJ 13
Totals
Quarts
1,332,445
1,389,371
108,662
105,592
117,955
114,555
119,859
115,363
128,503
126,959
112,817
115,443
115,325
111,945
546
9,987
1,392,978
Table If.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 4 (Parksvtlle-Qualicum)
Standard
Milk
Special
Milk
Chocolate
Drink
Buttermilk
Skim-
milk
Substandard
Cream
(9% Butter-fat)
Table and
Sour
Cream
(18% Butter-fat)
Whipping
Cream
(32% Butter-fat)
1954—
January	
February...
March.	
April	
May.	
June	
July	
August	
September
October	
November.
December-
Totals™
Quarts
22,016
21,118
23,235
21,948
23,405
24,308
34,539
34,169
22,486
21,850
22,036
22,983
294,093
Quarts
3,129
2,983
3,408
3,366
3,651
3,423
4,976
4,811
3,177
3,151
3,331
4,097
43,503
Quarts
359
317
369
381
442
367
391
345
258
318
282
221
4,050
Quarts
67
66
99
104
113
118
170
140
93
101
81
68
Quarts
519
525
635
642
610
608
963
954
668
650
641
584
Quarts
1,220
7,999
Quarts
150
144
205
267
325
408
711
685
354
243
186
257
Quarts
271
268
303
355
384
450
733
622
358
374
343
553
3,935
Totals
Quarts
26,511
25,421
28,254
27,063
28,930
29,682
42,483
41,726
27,394
26,687
26,900
28,763
5,014 |     359,814
 JJ 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table IIa.—Sales, Vancouver Area, 1954 as Compared to 1953
Product
Standard milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Special milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Chocolate drink—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Buttermilk—
Retail -
Wholesale	
Total	
Skim-milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Substandard cream—
Retail	
Whol esale	
Total	
Table and sour cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total._-_.__	
Whipping cream—
Retail	
Wholesale .	
Total I	
Total sales (quarts)—
Retail __ _. .	
Wholesale	
Total	
Total sales (units)—
RetaiL. 	
Wholesale	
Total	
* Increase. f Decrease.
Units calculated on following basis:—
All milks and milk products	
Substandard cream 	
Table and sour cream __..
Whipping  cream  	
1953
Quarts
36,972,431
18,023,106
54,995,537
3,905,207
989,566
4,894,773
252,716
573,487
826,203
315,885
505,158
821,043
863,974
517,394
1,381,368
1,707,325
2,932,983
4,640,308
138,683
370,763
509,446
115,807
236,100
351,907
44,272,028
24,148,557
68,420,585
46,974,437
29,374,329
76,348,766
1954
Quarts
36,092,553
22,132,120
58,224,673
3,355,756
980,837
4,336,593
240,949
594,272
835,221
288,830
577,975
866,805
987,645
576,654
1,564,299
1,599,070
2,972,277
4,571,347
133,927
391,863
525,790
109,026
263,813
372,839
42,807,756
28,489,811
71,297,567
45,353,737
33,956,742
79,310,479
Increase or Decrease
Quarts
879,878f
4,109,014*
3,229,136*
549,451f
8,729f
558,180f
ll,767f
20,785*
9,018*
27,055f
72,817*
45,762*
123,671*
59,260*
182,931*
108,255f
39,294*
68,961f
4,756f
21,100*
16,344*
6,781f
27,713*
20,932*
l,464,272f
4,341,254*
2,876,982*
l,620,700f
4,582,413*
2,961,713*
(2.38%
(22.80%;
(5.87%;
(14.07%'
(18.31%
di.40%;
(4.65%
(3.62%'
(1.09%;
(8.56%'
(14.41%'
(5.57%i
(14.31%'
(11.45%'
(13.24%;
(6.34%'
d.34%'
(1.48%;
(3.43%;
(5.69%;
(3.21%;
(5.85%;
(11.74%'
(5.95%
(3.30%
(17.98%;
(4.20%;
(3.45%;
(15.60%;
(3.88%'
.1 quart=l unit
.1 quart=:2 units
.1 quarfc=4 units
.1 quarfc_z6 units
 REPORT OF THE MILK BOARD, 1954
J J 15
Table Hb.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 1 (Greater Victoria)
1954 as Compared to 1953
Product
1953
Standard milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Special milk-
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Chocolate drink-
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Buttermilk-
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Skim-milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Substandard cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Table and sour cream
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Whipping cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total 	
Total sales (quarts)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Total sales (units)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Quarts
6,352,298
2,971,901
9,324,199
1,425,708
135,522
1,561,230
32,624
76,299
108,923
31,605
33,263
64,868
141,588
33,970
175,558
203,290
351,408
554,698
21,356
66,747
88,103
29,085
60,357
89,442
8,237,554
3,729,467
11,967,021
8,650,337
4,582,901
13,233,238
1954
Quarts
6,738,166
2,983,179
9,721,345
1,381.223
126,954
1,508,177
34,435
74,833
109,268
41,146
35,789
76,935
180,791
37,246
218,037
217,613
356,292
573,905
23,012
58,088
81,100
33,671
62,712
96,383
8,650,057
3,735,093
12,385,150
9,105,061
4,579,209
13,684,270
Increase or Decrease
Quarts
385,868*
11,278*
397,146*
44,485t
8,568f
53,053f
1,811*
l,466f
345*
9,541*
2,526*
12,067*
39,203*
3,276*
42,479*
14,323*
4,884*
19,207*
1,656*
8,659f
7,003f
4,586*
2,355*
6,941*
412.503*
5,626*
418,129*
454,724*
3,692f
451,032*
(6.07%
(0.38%
(4.26%
(3.12%
(6.32%
(3.40%
(5.55%
(1.92%
(0.32%
(30.19%
(7.59%
(18.60%
(27.69%
(9.64%
(24.20%
(7.04%
(1.39%
(3.46%
(7.75%
(12.97%
(7.95%
(15.77%
(3.90%
(7.76%
(5.01%
(0.15%
(3.49%;
(5.26%
(0.08%
(3.41%
Increase.
t Decrease.
 JJ 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table He.
-Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 2 (Duncan)
1954 as Compared to 1953
Product
Standard milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Special milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Chocolate drink—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Buttermilk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Skim-milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Substandard cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Table and sour cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Whipping cream—
Retail ....
Wholesale	
Total	
Total sales (quarts)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total ...
Total sales (units)—
Retail J	
Wholesale	
Total __.
1953
Quarts
506,289
335,899
842,188
237,710
84,629
322,339
770
5,758
6,528
2,628
2,711
5,339
3,377
520
3,897
3,313
9,150
12,463
1,406
2,483
3,889
3,414
6,253
9,667
758,973
447,403
1,206,376
783,574
495,267
1,278,841
1954
Quarts
481,883
359,565
841,448
242,515
84,592
327,107
336
7,009
7,345
2,357
3,575
5,932
4,184
603
4,787
5,914
7,664
13,578
1,221
2,887
4,108
2,882
6,540
9,422
741,292
472,435
1,213,727
765,279
521,460
1,286,739
Increase or Decrease
Quarts
24,406f
23,666*
740f
4,805*
37f
4,768*
434f
1,251*
817*
271f
864*
593*
807*
83*
890*
2,601*
l,486f
1,115*
185f
404*
219*
532f
287*
245f
17,681f
25,032*
7,351*
18,295f
26,193f
7,898*
(4.82%
(7.05%
(0.09%
(2.02%
(0.04%
(1.48%
(56.36%
(21.73%
(12.51%
(10.31%
(31.87%
(11.11%
(23.90%
(15.96%
(22.84%
(78.51%
(16.24%
(8.95%
(13.16%
(16.27%
(5.63%
(15.58%
(4.59%
(2.53%
(2.33%
(5.59%
(0.61%
(2.33%
(5.29%
(0.62%
* Increase. f Decrease.
Note.—The Duncan area was enlarged to include Cowichan Lake and Shawnigan Lake and District in Novem
ber, 1952.
 REPORT OF THE MILK BOARD, 1954
JJ 17
Table IId.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 3 (Ladysmith-Nanaimo)
1954 as Compared to 1953
Product
Standard milk—
Retail	
Wholesale—
Total	
Special milk-
Retail	
Wholesale —
Total	
Chocolate drink-
Retail 	
Wholesale	
Total	
Buttermilk-
Retail 	
Wholesale	
Total	
Skim-milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total 	
Substandard cream—
Retail 	
Wholesale	
Total	
Table and sour cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Whipping cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total 	
Total sales (quarts)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Total sales (units)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
1953
Quarts
1,025,869
482,145
1,508,014
120,951
2,332
123,283
3,773
27,163
30,936
3,514
1,607
5,121
6,503
578
7,081
7,101
48,010
55,111
1,967
3,121
5,088
3,688
9,250
12,938
1,173,366
574,206
1,747,572
1,204,808
677,829
1,882,637
1954
Quarts
1,593,301
508,101
2,101,402
119,305
733
120,038
4,095
11,353
15,448
6,230
2,644
8,874
10,662
1,179
11,841
11,235
44,532
55,767
2,821
1,988
4,809
7,116
9,612
16,728
1,754,765
580,142
2,334,907
1,810,043
678,698
2,488,741
Increase or Decrease
Quarts
567,432*
25,956*
593,388*
l,646f
l,599t
3,245f
322*
15,810f
15,488t
2,716*
1,037*
3,753*
4,159*
601*
4,760*
4,134*
3,478f
656*
854*
l,133f
279*
3,428*
362*
3,790*
581,399*
5,936*
587,335*
605,235*
869*
606,104*
(55.31%
(5.38%
(39.35%
(1.36%
(68.51%
(2.63%
(8.53%
(58.20%
(50.06%
(77.29%
(64.53%
(73.29%
(63.96%
(103.98%
(67.22%
(58.28%
(7.24%
(1.19%
(43.42%
(36.30%
(5.48%
(92.95%
(3.91%
(29.29%
(49.55%
(1.03%
(33.61%
(50.23%
(0.13%
(32.19%
* Increase. f Decrease.
Note.—The Nanaimo area was enlarged to include Ladysmith, Chemainus, and district on May 1st, 1953.
 JJ 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table He.—Sales, Vancouver Island Area—District 6 (Courtenay-Camp
River), 1954 as Compared to 1953
BELL
Product
1953
Standard milk—
Retail    	
Wholesale	
Total 	
Special milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Chocolate drink—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Buttermilk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Skim-milk—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total 	
Substandard cream—
Retail 	
Wholesale	
Total  	
Table and sour cream
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Whipping cream—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Total sales (quarts)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Total sales (units)—
Retail	
Wholesale	
Total	
Quarts
371,018
320,128
691,146
521,291
133,357
654,648
4,319
3,142
7,461
2,563
2,395
4,958
2,961
1,440
4,401
2,970
14,901
17,871
315
445
760
3,022
5,104
8,126
908,459
480,912
1,389,371
927,484
522,668
1,450,152
1954
Quarts
437,542
341,234
778,776
475,323
79,213
554,536
5,970
5,126
11,096
2,912
3,910
6,822
6,606
1,784
8,390
4,443
18,382
22,825
205
341
546
3,107
6,880
9,987
936,108
456,870
1,392,978
956,701
510,675
1,467,376
Increase or Decrease
Quarts
66,524*
21,106*
87,630*
45,968f
54,144f
100,112f
1,651*
1,984*
3,635*
349*
1,515*
1,864*
3,645*
344*
3,989*
1,473*
3,481*
4,954*
not
104f
214f
85*
1,776*
1,861*
27,649*
24,042f
3,607*
29,217*
ll,993f
17,224*
(17.93%
(6.59%
(12.68%
(8.82%
(40.60%
(15.29%
(38.23%
(63.14%
(48.72%
(13.62%
(63.26%
(37.60%
(123.10%
(23.89%
(90.64%
(49.60%
(23.36%
(27.72%
(34.92%
(23.37%
(28.16%
(2.81%
(34.80%
(22.90%
(3.04%
(5.00%
(0.26%
(3.15%
(2.29%
(1.19%
Increase.
t Decrease.
Table III.—Pick-up Prices for Dairy Feeds at Vancouver, B.C.
*
Bran	
Shorts	
Wheat (Grade 5) ._
Barley	
Ground barley	
Oats	
Ground oats	
Dairy feed (16 per cent)
Oil-cake meal	
Cocoanut-meal	
Alfalfa-meal	
Alfalfa hay (first cut)	
Alfalfa hay (second cut)
Local mixed hay	
Dec. 31,
1949
Per Ton
$56.00
58.00
69.00
65.00
67.00
55.00
57.00
63.00
89.00
67.00
59.00
39.00
42.00
29.00
Dec. 31,
1950
Dec. 31,
1951
Dec. 31,
1952
Per Ton
$52.00
54.00
63.00
67.00
69.00
68.00
70.00
67.00
99.00
77.00
59.00
44.00
47.00
34.00
Per Ton
$67.00
69.00
70.00
72.00
74.00
69.00
71.00
81.00
114.00
59.00
56.00
41.00
Per Ton
$48.00
50.00
64.00
60.00
62.00
58.00
60.00
68.00
110.00
82.00
47.00
27.00
Dec. 31,
1953
Per Ton
$42.00
44.00
64.00
46.00
48.00
51.00
53.00
62.00
98.00
73.00
42.00
24.00
Dec. 31,
1954
Per Ton
$46.00
48.00
62.00
58.00
60.00
64.00
66.00
64.00
103.00
73.00
48.00
34.00
* Reference:   Markets Bulletin, British Columbia Department of Agriculture.
 VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1955
400-255-4590
 

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