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REPORT of the LANDS SERVICE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31 1967 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1968

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Hon. R. G. Williston, Minister R. Torrance, Deputy Minister of Lands
REPORT
of the
LANDS SERVICE
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31
1967
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1968
  Victoria, B.C., March 13, 1968.
To Major-General the Honourable George Randolph Pearkes,
V.C., P.C., C.C, C.B., D.S.O., M.C., CD.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of the British Columbia Lands Service of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for
the year ended December 31, 1967.
R. G. WILLISTON,
Minister of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources.
 Victoria, B.C., March 13, 1968.
The Honourable R. G. Williston,
Minister of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources,
Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the British Columbia
Lands Service of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for the
12 months ended December 31, 1967.
R. TORRANCE,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
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  CONTENTS
Introduction by the Deputy Minister of Lands	
Accounting Division	
Lands Branch—
Director of Lands.
Land Inspection Division.
Surveys and Mapping Branch-
Surveyor-General	
Legal Surveys Division.
Topographic Division...
Geographic Division	
Air Division	
University Endowment Lands
Land Settlement Board	
Personnel Office	
Page
9
15
Mail and File Room.
23
31
45
54
60
73
79
91
95
99
103
COVER PHOTO
Tide  Lake  tunnel  camp,  Granduc  project.    Toe  of
Berendon Glacier showing medial moraine in background.
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 Report of the British Columbia Lands Service
R. Torrance, Deputy Minister of Lands
The large-scale development which British Columbia is experiencing is, of
course, affecting the activities of all departments of our governmental structure.
However, in this development the Lands Service occupies a unique position. With
the continuous expansion of the economy of the Province, the demand for Crown
land has become more and more intense and, consequently, important decisions
must be made daily in allocating the Crown land resource to its best use in the
interests of all of the people.
The Lands Service is also charged with providing the framework of maps and
surveys so necessary for the orderly development and settlement of British Columbia.
Involved is a great variety of techniques and equipment which must support our
complex surveying and mapping organization. In many ways the science of surveying and mapping serves the people by keeping pace with development through the
application of modern technological advances.
A large part of the work load of the Lands Service is involved in providing
services to other governmental agencies, such as by way of maps, air photography,
various types of surveys, ground examination reports, etc. To an extent not generally realized, the Lands and Surveys and Mapping Branches are " service"
organizations.
Several administrative changes involving senior Lands Service personnel took
place during 1967. After a distinguished career in the public service, first in the
Forest Service and since 1954 as Deputy Minister of Lands, Mr. E. W. Bassett
retired on July 31, 1967.
In the latter months of the year the administrative lines of the Department
were reorganized, with the offices of the Director of Lands and Assistant Director
of Lands superseding those of the Superintendent of Lands and Assistant Superintendent of Lands. A new position of Departmental Co-ordinator was also created.
The organization chart on the page preceding this introduction illustrates the major
personnel structure of the Lands Service.
Lands Service net revenue collections of $2,985,996 in 1967 were below those
of the previous year, mainly as the result of a decline in revenue from land sales.
On the other hand, proceeds from leases, miscellaneous rentals, and fees rose by
more than $400,000 over 1966, to a new high record of $1,917,435. Revenue
from the sale of maps and aerial photographs also increased substantially in 1967.
As tabulated in the report of the Land Inspection Division, the number of
completed land examinations reflected a mixed trend compared with 1966, being
lower in nine land inspection districts and higher in eight others. However, the
total number of requests for inspections was 3 per cent higher.
Since the lease-develop-purchase policy of agricultural land alienation was
first adopted in 1962, a growing number of inspections under the Land Act have
been in connection with leases. As recently as 1960, only one-third of all inspections were for leases, whereas by 1967 the proportion had doubled to two-thirds.
On the other hand, examinations for purchase fell from 36 per cent of the total in
1960 to 10 per cent in 1967. It is expected, however, that as improvements on
lands under lease are completed and purchase options exercised, the disparity will
diminish.
9
 DD 10     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Pre-emption records issued by the Lands Branch were only one-third of the
1958-67 average of 78, thus continuing pre-emption's steady decline as a method
of Crown land alienation. Certificates of purchase, which numbered 503 in 1967,
were also considerably below the 10-year average of 963. This can be attributed to
the greater emphasis now being placed by the Department on lease-hold alienation.
Leases increased from 1,245 in 1966 to 2,401 this year and were well above the
10-year average of 1,122. The acreage leased was also much higher, 579,092 acres,
compared with 220,802 acres annually for the 1958-67 decade.
The Lands Branch continued its policy of subdividing and providing road
access to lots in areas having a usually high public demand for Crown land. A total
of 403 lots was serviced at nine locations throughout the Province, mostly for
home-sites or summer cottages. The Green Lake subdivision north-east of 70 Mile
House attracted more than 300 people to the Land Commissioner's office in
Clinton, where, early in the summer, 109 lots were offered for lease by public
auction. During 1967 a total of 430 lots was leased by auction throughout the
Province, and 55 were leased by tender. Only one parcel was offered for sale by
tender, and 21 for sale by auction.
The Legal Surveys, Topographic, Geographic, and Air Divisions of the Surveys and Mapping Branch experienced a busy year.
In 1967 the Legal Surveys Division surveyed a total of 307 waterfront lease
lots on Stave Lake, Hannah Lake near North Bend, Cluculz Lake, Fraser Lake,
Babine Lake, Rail Lake near Lac la Hache, and Sandspit. Sixty roadside lots
were created on the Cariboo Road near Williams Lake, 22 lots on the Blackwater
Road south-west of Prince George, one at Chilliwack Lake, and one near Lillooet.
Other cadastral surveys included such diverse jobs as a vocational-school property
at Kamloops, a cemetery at Hazelton, Government parking-lots in Victoria, and
a historical site at Seton Lake.
A total of 60.3 miles of Provincial highway right-of-way was surveyed in three
projects. These were a section of Route No. 95 between Spillimacheen and
McMurdo, Tabor Lake to Purden Lake east of Prince George, and Nicola Lake to
Stump Lake north of Merritt.
The far-flung tasks of the Topographic Division took field survey crews into
distant parts of British Columbia. One of the largest field parties in recent years,
some 45 men, worked on triangulation and levelling surveys in the north-eastern
corner of the Province. The results should be immediately beneficial to the
petroleum and natural-gas industry for determining the location and elevation of
drilling-sites. The Air Division workshop made special modifications to the
instrument tripods for use in muskeg.
Survey control for topographic mapping was concentrated in National Topographic Blocks 104a and 104b north and east of Stewart. Through extensive use
of a helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft, control was laid down for 17 National
Topographic manuscripts.
Cadastral survey control monumentation was continued in a dozen municipalities, and Integrated Survey Area No. 1, covering part of Surrey Municipality, was
declared by Order in Council in June, 1967. In the West Kootenay a co-operative
project with the Geodetic Survey of Canada saw the designation of a triangulation
network between Trail and Creston and north along Kootenay Lake and the Arrow
Lakes to Revelstoke.
Photogrammetric compilation was finished for 8V2 National Topographic
map-sheets and parts of two others, while 28 standard topographic manuscripts at
2-inches-to-l-mile scale were draughted in full detail for reproduction in Ottawa
as National Topographic maps at 1:50,000 scale.
 LANDS SERVICE REPORT
DD 11
The Geographic Division lithographed 15 maps, of which seven were entirely
new. Included in the latter was Map SGS-1, a 10-colour print of Vancouver
Island at l-inch-to-6-miles scale. The combination of shaded relief and elevation
tinting resulted in a particularly attractive map which has proven to be very popular.
The total number of maps distributed to Government departments and the
general public continued its upward trend, reaching 114,723, some 19,183 higher
than in 1966 and more than double the total a decade ago. The value of maps
sold and distributed also rose to an all-time high record of $73,550.
The Air Division's two aerial photographic detachments logged 706^ hours
on 83 projects and exposed 34,540 negatives. Both figures represent new records.
As indicated by the number of hours flown and negatives exposed, the projects
varied widely in flying-time and number of photographs recorded. For example,
a major project for the Department of Agriculture in the Cariboo-Chilcotin region
produced 4,515 photos in 144:45 hours. On the other hand, only 15 minutes were
needed to obtain five photos of The Woodlands School at the request of the
Department of Public Works.
During 1967, orders were received for more than 290,000 aerial photographs
on loan or reprint. Though this is slightly below last year's total, it is well above
the 10-year average of 222,000.
A noteworthy ceremony which was arranged in the past year by the Surveys
and Mapping Branch was the dedication on the summer solstice, being June 21st,
of the site of British Columbia's Centennial survey monument. This was especially
interesting because on that day similar ceremonies took place at Ottawa and in
each of the Provincial capitals across Canada as well as at Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. The simultaneous ceremonies were inspired by the Advisory Council on
Cadastral Surveys, comprised of the Surveyors-General and Directors of Survey of
Ottawa and the Provinces. The site chosen here was one in the new Museum-
Archives precinct, and the Honourable R. W. Bonner, Attorney-General, gave the
dedication address and unveiled the monument. The monument itself, as well as
being precisely located with respect to those in the other parts of Canada, commemorates the establishment in the century 1867-1967 of the North American Survey
Datum across the continent from ocean to ocean, a network of thousands of points,
precisely located, interconnected and permanently marked in which all surveys may
be integrated. A testimony to the many surveyors and engineers for their contribution in this field, the Centennial monument, now being constructed, will be artistic
and worthy of the site chosen for it.
For a full description of the achievements during 1967 of the British Columbia
Lands Service (including the University Endowment Lands administration and the
Land Settlement Board), the reader is commended to the main body of this Annual
Report, which follows.
  ACCOUNTING DIVISION
  ACCOUNTING DIVISION
DD  15
ACCOUNTING DIVISION
M. B. Maclean, B.Com., Departmental Comptroller
This Division carries out the accounting function for both Lands Service and
Water Resources Service, and in all phases of its function—that is, payroll, expenditure, and revenue—the Division has experienced another busy year. During the
summer of 1967 the operations of the Surveys and Mapping Branch were by far the
most extensive in recent years. While there was no increase in permanent establishment during the year, temporary assistance and temporary field personnel required
to carry out the 1967 summer field programme were considerably larger than in
previous years and placed a heavy strain on our payroll section. The number of
vouchers processed during the year was also considerably higher than normal.
The revenue section of the Division has been taxed almost to the limit of its
capability despite the fact that as many short cuts as possible have been implemented
without jeopardizing control. New leases, assignments, reviews, and expiries have
been at an all-time high record during 1967, and, in addition to this, over 24,400
pieces of money mail were processed.
In respect of revenue, lease accounts again increased substantially, from 8,861
at January 1, 1967, to 10,440 at December 31, 1967, an increase of 17.8 per cent.
Land sales accounts, on the other hand, declined from 1,227 at January 1, 1967,
to 875 at December 31, 1967.
As a result of the continued leasing policy in regard to applications for agricultural lands, lease revenues have continued to rise. While a number of these leases
have been converted to purchases, that number has not yet been sufficiently large to
overcome the net decline in purchase accounts. Purchase revenue during 1967
shows a decrease of some $770,000, which is explained as follows: Firstly, 1966
revenue included sales of lands to the City of Prince George totalling over $700,000,
while in 1967 sales to the same city amounted to only slightly over $100,000, and,
secondly, the steady decline in the number of purchase accounts due to the leasing
policy.
Statistical Tables
Table 1.—Summary of Lands Service Net Revenue Collections for the
Year Ended December 31, 1967
Land leases, rentals, fees, etc  $1,917,435.31
Land sales ._       916,098.98
Sale of maps and air photos        152,462.32
Net revenue collections  $2,985,996.61
 DD 16     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 2.—Comparison of Revenue Collections for 10-year
Period 1957-67, Inclusive
1958 aMMBMnnm $1,340,045.76
1959 MMMHaaM 1,323,877.29
1960 BiMMn_n«M___BHi 1,714,220.41
1961 _________________HWBMMaMMM_« 1,765,207.54
1962 BnnMBnnnnnH 1,847,457.83
1963 BHn__n___n>_BH_anHH 2,034,841.80
1964 ■■HlH____^___.________H__._______.i______i 2,587,110.34
1965 Hnon_MHHHnnBHMi 2,594,341.32!
1966 ■M____a__HMiMHM_MHn_______a   3,343,672.461
1967 iH__H__________B______H______l_______Hi        2,985,996.611
1 Net revenue.
TaWe 3.—Classification of Revenue Collections for the Year Ended
December 31, 1967
Land sales—
Country lands  $668,949.89
Town lots     244,075.72
Surface rights, mineral claims         6,293.85
Land leases, rentals, fees, etc.—
Foreshore leases—
Booming and log storage  $302,745.18
Commercial (marinas, etc.)      518,409.66
Oyster       11,668.89
Miscellaneous   (foreshore protection, etc.)   825,00
$833,648.73
Land leases—
Grazing and (or) agriculture  $259,970.90
Quarrying   (limestone,   sand  and
gravel)       44,859.67
Camp-site (lodge, fishing)          9,389.09
Home-site          1,464.18
Residential     156,122.55
Miscellaneous      157,217.18
     629,023.57
Land-use permits         3,555.10
Licences of occupation       29,922.62
Royalty collections     162,895.18
Bonus bids (lease tenders and auctions) ....       64,064.94
Easement collections—
Annual rentals       $3,079.77
Outright considerations      53,369.48
       56,449.25
Fees—
Crown grant  $8,360.00
Assignment  3,615.00
Miscellaneous (lease, search, etc.) 12,096.00
24,071.00
Sundry collections  (occupational rental, survey
charges, etc.)      116,607.19
$919,319.46
$1,920,237.58
 ACCOUNTING DIVISION
DD 17
Sale of maps and air photos—
Legal Division
Geographic Division
Air Division 	
Gross revenue for year
Less refunds and taxes
Net revenue for year	
$37,759.92
56,328.06
72,871.72
$166,959.70
$3,006,516.74
20,520.13
$2,985,996.61
Table 4.—Comparison of Land Leases, Rentals, Fees, Etc., Revenue for
10-year Period 1958-67, Inclusive
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
$605,229.73
668,367.70
842,413.17
1,001,071.13
933,607.66
1,149,650.45
1,485,539.13
1,462,024.931
1,514,749.691
1,917,435.311
i Net revenue.
Table 5.-
1958 i
1959 i
1960 i
1961 i
1962 i
1963 i
1964 i
1965 i
1966 i
1967 i
-Comparison of Land Sales Revenue for 10-year Period 1958-67,
Inclusive
$677,036.15
589,975.24
806,723.54
703,705.71
836,270.32
787,184.11
982,137.88
1,017,893.16!
1,692,861.141 2
916,098.981 2
i Net revenue.
2 Includes sales to City of Prince George: 1966, $718,733; 1967, $107,200.
  LANDS BRANCH
•V'
 THE LANDS BRANCH
At the time of the Fraser River gold-rush in 1858 the demand for land in British
Columbia was greatly intensified and pre-emptions predated surveys. Within four years
254 pre-emptors had taken up more than 50,000 acres of land. To facilitate the transfer
of real estate and provide for the registration of titles, the Land Registry Act was passed
in 1860. The Government of the Province of British Columbia was now in the real-
estate business in a big way; the more than 366,000 square miles of land and water that
constitutes British Columbia was the real estate in question.
With the entrance of British Columbia into Confederation in 1871, the demand for
land quickened to a rush, and over the next thirty years the land-settler (and the promoter) succeeded the gold-miner in importance. Railroads were built and land grants
passed, cities came into being, and companies became established. Land was at the core
of all developments.
The task of land administration became very heavy and necessitated the formation
of a Department of Lands in 1908. In 1912 a Forest Branch was included in the Department of Lands. Today the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources exercises
control of more than 90 per cent of the surface of British Columbia.
How does the Lands Branch fit into the total organization of the British Columbia
Lands Service of today? The relation may be expressed briefly. The Lands Branch
has jurisdiction in matters pertaining to the disposition of Crown land, and is
charged with so administering and disposing of the land that the general welfare,
present and future, of the Province must be protected at all times.
When an individual, or group, desires to purchase or lease Crown land, the application is directed to the Director of Lands, head of the Lands Branch. His authority
governs the following matters:-—■
Sale, lease, and pre-emption of Crown lands for such purposes as agricultural,
industrial, commercial, and home-sites.
Preparation and issuance of Crown grants under the Land Act and the Mineral
Act.
Preparation and issuance of right-of-way easements for power, telephone, pipe
lines, etc.
Reservation of suitable Crown lands and foreshore for national defence, use
and enjoyment of the public, forestry experimentation, fisheries research
work, highways, etc.
Granting railway rights-of-way under various Statutes.
Protection of historic sites from alienation.
Reservation and conveying of Crown lands for such purposes as school-sites,
cemeteries, and fair grounds.
Leasing of land and foreshore for such varied purposes as wharf-sites, booming-
grounds, canneries, oyster and other mollusc fisheries, and for boat-houses,
quarry-sites, cattle-ranching, trappers' cabins, ship-building, and aircraft
bases.
To perform these and other functions efficiently, the Lands Branch works in close
co-operation with a great number of other agencies, such as municipal and city administrations, town-planning authorities, the British Columbia Forest Service, the Water Resources Service, the Surveys and Mapping Branch within the British Columbia Lands
Service, and all the departments in the Government of the Province, notably Highways,
Education, Attorney-General, and Agriculture.
Outside the Provincial departments there is much business transacted with Federal
departments, such as the Department of National Defence, the Veterans' Land Settlement
Act administration, the Public Works Department, and the Indian Affairs Branch of the
Department of Citizenship and Immigration.
Direct service to the people of British Columbia is the first duty of the Lands Branch
and this takes the bulk of the time of the Lands Branch personnel. Associated with this
prime duty is the important function of the maintenance of the records, which in many
cases are the only ones in British Columbia showing the correct legal status of the surface of the Province.
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 LANDS BRANCH
DD 23
LANDS BRANCH
D. Borthwick, B.S.A., B.Ed., A.A.C.I., Director of Lands
During 1967 there was a drop of 10 per cent in the number of land applications
filed with the Department. However, the trend toward increasing revenue is continuing, resulting in a total revenue for 1967 of $2,833,534. Fewer direct sales
of land are being made due to the Department's policy requiring lease tenure,
which leads to sale upon completion of improvements to the property. This policy
has resulted in a constantly increasing number of lease applications with a correspondingly larger percentage of total revenue attributable to lease rentals rather
than to sale values.
As in past years, the Lands Branch has co-operated closely with municipalities
throughout the Province by providing lands where available for public use. Assistance has also been given to replotting schemes which have been initiated at the local
government level. The purpose of the replotting schemes is to cancel obsolete
subdivisions and resurvey to maximize the utility of the land. During the past year
such schemes were initiated in North Vancouver, Port Edward, and Fraser Lake.
The bulk of applications for Crown land has been filed in the Peace River
District, and it is anticipated that this trend will continue. A large reserve was
established in this district to curtail applications for Crown land which were far
removed from the rail-head or otherwise uneconomical to develop. At the same
time, adequate areas were left for alienation, and in addition some 385,000 acres
were released from a previous reserve.
The interest shown during the past few years in the acquisition and development of Crown lands for ski-resort purposes is still active. During the past year
the Lands Branch has processed many inquiries for this purpose, and the development of ski-ing facilities is now proceeding in virtually all parts of the Province.
Such developments, when coupled with the continuing policy of etablishing reserves
over suitable Crown lands for the use, recreation, and enjoyment of the public, will
ensure present and future generations of access to adequate and enjoyable recreational pursuits.
The year 1967 was an active one from the standpoint of subdivision work
undertaken by the Crown. Nine Crown subdivisions, comprising some 403 lots,
were serviced by road over the past year. The subdivisions on Wasa and Bednesti
Lakes will be surveyed in 1968 as the roads were not completed until late in 1967.
The remaining subdivisions on Fraser Lake, Clucultz Lake, Seymour Lake, Green
Lake and north of Williams Lake, south of Prince George, and on the Blackwater
Road have all been surveyed, and with the exception of Green Lake will be offered
for disposition on a leasehold basis by public competition in 1968. The subdivision
on Green Lake, which comprised approximately 109 lots, was offered to the public
during the latter part of June. The auction, which was held by the Land Commissioner at Clinton, was attended by well over 300 interested applicants and is believed
to be one of the best-attended auctions held by the Department in recent years.
Over the past few years it has been very apparent that road-development costs
to service these subdivisions have been increasing steadily. This is partially due to
increased labour and equipment costs and partially due to the fact that the more
accessible Crown lands have already been subdivided, and hence to gain entry to
the more remote Crown lands it is sometimes necessary to underwrite the cost of
building a considerable amount of access road from the existing public road to the
site of the proposed Crown subdivision.
 DD 24     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
During the past year, with the co-operation of the Department of Highways,
the Lands Service underwrote the cost of providing a car-parking lot on Crown land
at Whistler Mountain for ski club lessees situated within Lot 7179, Group 1, New
Westminster District. This facility will be maintained by the Department of Highways in order that the ski club members leasing the Crown lands can park their cars
off the Squamish-Garibaldi Highway.
A full work load is again being considered for 1968, and arrangements are now
under way to select appropriate sites for development where public demand and the
economics of the development indicate a subdivision is warranted.
A brief summary of the activities of the various sections of the Administration
Division of the Lands Branch is set out hereunder:—
Lease Section.—The policy of disposing of most lands on a lease-develop-
purchase basis has resulted in a continued increase in the number of lease
applications. This year 2,768 applications were received as compared to
2,690 last year. This continuing increase is largely a reflection of the
interest in acquiring agricultural lands, particularly in the Peace River
District.
Purchase Section.—During 1967 there was a sharp decrease in the number of
purchase applications filed with the Branch. However, this was anticipated in view of the emphasis being placed on acquiring Crown land
initially on a leasehold basis. The workload of this Section will increase in
the next few years as the purchase options on existing leases are exercised.
Crown Grants.—The volume of work in the Crown Grant Section decreased
from 1,020 in 1966 to 980 in 1967. This was mainly due to the change in
Departmental policy requiring lands held under leasehold tenure to be
developed before the lessee could exercise his option to purchase. It is
anticipated that as lessees meet Departmental requirements in respect to
development of the land and exercise their purchase options, the work of
this Section will increase.
Pre-emption and Reserve Section.—The number of applications processed by
this Section remained about constant when related to 1966, with 564
applications received. The importance of the pre-emption as a means of
acquiring land has been gradually diminishing over the years, and the
number of pre-emption records issued was only 26 as compared to 42
in 1966.
Status Section.—The number of statuses completed decreased slightly from
21,856 in 1966 to 21,115 in 1967. The decrease was the result of more
interest shown in acreage parcels of Crown land rather than town lot
parcels.
Easement Section.—During 1967, 146 easements were granted, which was
about the same as for the preceding year. The majority of the easements
issued are for power-line purposes.
GENERAL ACTIVITY
During 1967 a total of 55 parcels was tendered for lease, and 39 parcels, comprising 6,732 acres, were acquired by this means. In addition, 430 lots were offered
for lease by public auction and 274 were leased at the time of auction. Of the 430
lots, 301 were waterfront parcels.
Only one parcel was tendered for sale in 1967, but 21 parcels were offered for
sale by public auction. Of this number, only 14 sold, bringing in a revenue of
$104,360.
 LANDS BRANCH
DD 25
During the past year, 390 town lots were sold, realizing the sum of $238,610.
The following tables indicate in detail the work carried out by the various
sections of the Lands Service in 1967.
Table 1.—Country Land Sales, 1967
Unsurveyed	
Surveyed	
Total	
Acres
435.535
8,624.851
9,060.386
Table 2.—Certificates of Purchase, 1967
Land Recording District
Alberni      ._   	
Total
       9
Atlin     ____    ....    _
       1
Cranbrook    	
     16
Fernie  	
       8
Fort Fraser ...          ____
     27
Fort George           ...
     36
Fort St. John        	
     71
Golden      .    . _    _ _    	
     15
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
     16
           3
Lillooet  . -.   ______
     20
Nanaimo       _     _ _     ___    _
     13
Nelson. . .          ___
       6
New Westminster      _ _    _ .    _
     38
Osoyoos    __	
       3
Pouce Coupe    _. _    __ _    _ _    ..
     57
Prince Rupert	
Quesnel           ____ . _
     22
                          20
Revelstoke     	
7
Similkameen           _ _         _
44
Smithers	
Vancouver       _.
               12
                       30
Victoria    _.      	
___     .                           2
Williams Lake  ____    	
                          27
Total	
  503
 DD 26     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 3.—New Leases Issued, 1967
Land  Number Acreage
Agriculture  854 446,579.44
Hay and grazing (pasture and hay-cutting)___ 413 136,413.87
Quarrying (sand, gravel, limestone, etc.)  21 2,042.03
Home-site (section 78, Land Act)  5 31.90
Residential  684 1,128.61
Miscellaneous     (resorts,     service - stations,
camp-sites, mill-sites, etc.)  145 5,676.48
Foreshore—
Booming, log storage, log-dumping, etc  119 2,860.07
Oyster and shellfish  49 795.49
Industrial   (canneries,   mill-sites,   wharves,
etc.)  29 304.69
Quarrying (sand, gravel from river-beds)  9 420.12
Commercial (boat rentals, marinas, marine
service-stations, etc.)  33 64.13
Miscellaneous  (private wharves and boat-
houses, etc.)  40 775.43
Total  2,401 597,092.26
Table 4.—Temporary Tenure Leases Renewed, 1967
Number _
Acreage.
485
161,141.69
Number _
Acreage.
Table 5.—Land-use Permits Issued, 1967
43
99.98
Number.
Acreage.
Table 6.—Licences to Occupy Issued, 1967
22
37,459.78
Table 7.—Assignments Approved, 1967
Leases, land-use permits, licences of occupation	
718
 LANDS BRANCH
Table 8.—Easements Granted, 1697
DD 27
Foreshore
Submarine power cables  _
Submarine telephone cables	
Overhead power-lines	
Overhead telephone cables	
Telephone ground terminal line..
Water pipe-Iine~
Sewer outfalls and pipe-lines..
Totals	
Land
Oil and gas pipe-lines _
Well-sites and pipe-lines ..
Water and gas pipe-line, power-line, and water-well site_
Well-sites and power-lines	
Cathodic sites	
Power-lines 	
Telephone-lines..
Underground telephone cables	
Television antenna sites and power-lines	
Television rebroadcasting stations and power-lines..
Radio sites and power-lines  	
Microwave sites  	
Microwave sites and roads	
Reducing-valve chamber site-
Effluent pipe-line	
Water pipe-line...
Water and sewer pipe-lines..
Sewerage pipe-line	
Drainage ditch 	
Gravity tram-line 	
Ski lift	
Access roads_
Totals..
Licences of Occupation
Radio site	
Electric distribution-line..
Totals	
Southern Okanagan Lands Project
Water pipe-line..
Sewer pipe-line__.
Telephone-line...
Totals...
Grand totals-
19.072
297.760
9.700
3.860
0.017
2.520
0.250
In line with current Departmental policy, 68 letters of consent for the construction of access roads were
issued during the year.
Table 9.—Crown Grants Issued, 1967
Purchases (country lands)
Purchases (town lots) 	
Pre-emptions
Surface rights (Mineral Act)
Public Schools Act	
Veterans' Land Settlement Act
Home-site leases	
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company
Miscellaneous 	
697
162
47
14
14
4
3
9
30
Total
Certified copies of Crown grants issued
980
Nil
 DD 28     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 10.—Crown Grants Issued for Past 10 Years
1958 «SE__-___«B«B_____H--K_a 1,043
1959 aBnBaBanaiMi________________nBaBai 1,471
1960 nHHranaMiHCi 1,399
1961 ■nHm.nnn 1,074
1962 H3sBDn____H_Han_nm 1,081
1963 .__■__■■.._______________■■---■■■_■_______ 1,042
1964 EinBa__a_____s9_Bn_n 1,163
1965 iH_B________________B____n___M_-ina 1,087
1966 nnMm____n_H 1,020
1967 ■h______rhi_mm 980
Total  11,360
Ten-year average, 1,136.
Table 11.—Total Area Deeded by Crown Grant, 1967
Acres
Purchases (country lands)   105,539.48
Pre-emptions   7,3 8 3.00
Surface rights (Mineral Act)   349.02
Public Schools Act  38.36
Veterans' Land Settlement Act  350.90
Home-site leases  51.00
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company  3,528.34
Miscellaneous   432.45
Total  117,672.55
 LANDS BRANCH
Table 12.—Pre-emption Records, 1967
DD 29
Pre-emptions
Certificates
Applications
Received
Applications
Allowed
Cancelled
of Improvement Issued
6
7
9
2
1
25
1
2
1
9
12
1
i
"I
2
7
io
2
Atlin	
Fort Fraser (Burns Lake) .	
2
4
Fort St. John	
15
Kamloops  	
1
Lillooet (Clinton)   	
Nanaimo	
New Westminster	
Osoyoos (Vernon) 	
Pouce Coupe 	
22
Pritirn Unpprt
Quesnel	
6
Revelstoke   .             _
Similkameen (Penticton) _
Smithcra
Telegraph Creek (Prince Rupert)	
Vancouver    ~ .      	
Williams Lake                                  _.
Totals.	
51
26
22
50
Table 13.—Reserves, 1967
Use, recreation, and enjoyment of the public
Applications
Received
.___ 122
British Columbia Department of Highways (rights-of-
way, gravel pits, bridge-sites, etc.)
Federal Government (defence purposes, wharf-sites,
etc.) 	
British Columbia Forest  Service   (Ranger  stations,
grazing, radio sites, reforestation, etc.)
131
35
120
Miscellaneous (Fish and Wildlife Branch, water-power
projects, garbage dumps, school-sites, cemeteries,
etc.) 	
Totals  513
105
Reserves
Completed
143
110
21
96
88
458
 DD 30     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
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 LANDS BRANCH DD 31
LAND INSPECTION DIVISION
L. D. Fraser, B.Sc.A., P.Ag., A.A.C.I., Chief
During recent years there has been an increasing volume of work processed
by this Division; this trend continued through 1967. As indicated by the footnote
to Table 3, the average change over the whole Province this year was an increase
of 3 per cent over 1966; the average change from 1963 to 1967 was 24 per cent.
As shown in Table 2 the number of inspections completed during 1967 was
5,920, a decrease of 4 per cent from the 1966 figure. At the same time, however,
it is noteworthy that in spite of staff difficulties the outstanding inspection total at
the year-end numbers 781, a 7-per-cent decrease. On the basis of a full complement this means that 24 applications per man are awaiting examination, an acceptable year-end figure.
The change to a lease-develop-purchase policy initiated by the Department in
1965 is continuing to have a decided effect upon the type of inspection and work
volume relative to lease applications and renewals. This year 3,328 inspections
dealt with new land lease applications or lease reviews. This was 56 per cent of
the total 5,920 inspections completed. This figure may be compared with 53 per
cent last year, 44 per cent in 1965, and 38 per cent for the same type of work at
the end of 1964. It is anticipated that 1968 will be a busy year as the full effect of
the 1965 policy will be felt with an increase in lease review requests following the
initial three-year leasehold tenure period.
The Inspection Division again examined, appraised, and submitted reports to
other Government departments and agencies — Pacific Great Eastern Railway,
Southern Okanagan Lands Project, Land Settlement Board, Veterans' Land Act,
Department of Social Welfare, British Columbia Forest Service, Provincial Secretary's Department, Department of Recreation and Conservation, and British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority.
Agricultural applications to lease and lease reviews constitute the bulk of the
work in the Fort St. John Land Inspection District. When annual pre-emption
inspections are included, this means over 71 per cent of the work load. New
applications covered a land area of 137,000 acres this year. Almost 50 per cent
of the applications received were from local people, 15 per cent from other Canadian residents, and the remaining 35 per cent from outside of Canada.
In the North Peace River area many of the present agricultural applications
are a considerable distance from railroad and markets, and have poor access. Partially offsetting these factors, however, is the trend to larger parcels. This pattern
follows the trend in the now established agricultural sections where owners are
increasing the size of their farms to create economic units.
The area south of the Peace River covered by the Pouce Coupe Land Inspection District had an active year, very similar to 1966. The interest in land applications in this area has been fairly evenly distributed over the whole district. Most large
remaining blocks of Crown land which are economically suitable for agriculture
are now under application. Future applicants will be removed from established
services and may expect to be faced with access problems. Lands having a home-
site potential are in demand, and a number of applications have been made in the
Portage Mountain area. It is noted that about 75 per cent of all applications made
in this district in 1967 were by local or British Columbia residents.
A number of conflicts have recently come to light involving forestry, agriculture, grazing, and recreational use in this inspection district;  for instance, there is
 DD 32     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
competition between recreation and other resource uses in the Sukunka and Upper
Moberly River areas. This is not too surprising, of course, since the Peace River
region as a whole, compared to the rest of the Province, is lacking in available
natural local recreational facilities such as lakes and rivers suitable for swimming
and fishing near established population centres. Attention is being given to recreational needs in the district, and wherever possible suitable areas for public use
are being recommended for reserve.
In the Prince George Land Inspection District there was a 12-per-cent reduction in inspections requested during 1967. Completed examinations increased by
2.5 per cent, and the year ended with a very low backlog of outstanding work. The
types of inspection requested varied little from 1966, the major change being a
threefold increase in rental review requests. The workload distribution this year
was fairly similar to 1966: 11 per cent of the total was in Community Planning
Area Number 7, 20 per cent in Ranger District No. 4, and 25 per cent in Ranger
District No. 14 adjoining the community planning area to the north-west and southwest. Activity east of Prince George is very limited and no substantial increase
is foreseen, in spite of the new Highway No. 16 east to McBride and Jasper, since
agricultural potential along the route is extremely limited. It is felt that there
will be some future demand for commercial and residential use in subdivisions
adjacent to the new highway. At the present time there is little application activity
at Mackenzie; this is in part accounted for by a sizeable area here being under
municipal control.
There is still a very active demand for lake-frontage property, and in this connection two Crown subdivisions offered in 1967 met with complete acceptance and
over 120 lots were disposed of by public competition. It is anticipated that further
Crown subdivisions will be considered in this district in order to keep pace with the
public demand for property suitable for summer-camp site use.
In the Vanderhoof Land Inspection District the number of new requests was
down 4 per cent from 1966, but at the same time the number of examinations completed was up from a year ago. Agricultural applications were down slightly from
last year, and this trend is expected to continue in the future as the more readily
accessible and potentially arable areas are applied for and developed. During
1967 a number of applications were made in the area lying between Stuart and
Pinchi Lakes. Since the Pacific Great Eastern Railway now has a line into Fort
St. James and as there is an access road running north to Tachie Village at the
mouth of Tachie River, it is anticipated that there will be a demand for this land
between the two lakes mentioned. The construction of the railway and new access
roads in this area have also stimulated interest in Crown lands between Stuart and
Necoslie Rivers. As access roads open up the area, applications are sure to follow
for land which is economically suitable for agricultural development in this vicinity.
The reopening of Pinchi Mines on Pinchi Lake has stimulated growth at Fort
St. James. It has been noticeable during the past year that other mining activity
in the district has promoted growth of nearby towns, and in this connection the
townsites of Fraser Lake and Endako should be mentioned in particular. Generally speaking, the area development and population growth over the year have been
moderate in this district.
During the past year 180 new requests went out to Burns Lake Inspection
District, and in total there were 173 inspections completed. Like the Vanderhoof
District, this one also contains numerous lakes which influence the district and
affect its residents to a considerable degree. During the year there was a continuing and growing interest in the Babine Lake area, and it is expected that there will
be great interest in the large residential lot subdivision in the vicinity of Topley
 LANDS BRANCH DD 33
Landing which the Department is expecting to auction shortly. Much of the interest in this area has been encouraged by Granisle Copper activities here and the
possibility that Noranda and other mines may consider carrying out development
work in this vicinity.
The number of inspection requests forwarded to the Smithers Land Inspection
District increased during 1967 by 18 per cent. Examinations completed totalled
212, covering an area of approximately 60,000 acres, and 54 per cent of this total
dealt with applications for agricultural use. It is considered that local residents
were involved in 89 per cent of the applications.
Mine exploration activity is continuing to be a beneficial factor in the local
economy, and during the year a number of applications dealt with the land needs
of the mining industry.
During the year it was noted that a number of ranchers were showing an interest in acquiring arable portions of their grazing leases, and applications were made
to convert grazing leases to agricultural leases where it was found to be economically
feasible and possible to do so.
The number of inspection requests sent out during 1967 to the Prince Rupert
Land Inspection District increased by 29 per cent over 1966. With the exception
of the Terrace-Kitimat area and a very limited small settlement on the Nass River,
this is a coastal district and, as would be expected, much of the work, 40 per cent
in 1967, involves the use of Crown foreshore.
Industrial and labour trouble at the Columbia Cellulose plant in Port Edward
and the fish-packing plants in Prince Rupert slowed the city economy. On the
Queen Charlotte Islands, however, the cannery at Masset had a better than average
season, the Bering Industries peat plant between Masset and Port Clements was in
operation, new tourist and business facilities added activity to the local economy,
whilst on the isolated west coast Wesfrob Mines Limited officially opened an iron
mine. Mining activity also was of benefit to other areas in the Prince Rupert
Inspection District, notably Stewart and Alice Arm.
Many of the agricultural and agricultural lease review requests in this district
are found in the Terrace area. These were down in number from a year ago.
There is an increasing interest in this part of the district in leases for home-site
purposes both for permanent and summer-camp site residence. Lots in a small
Crown subdivision on the very popular Lakelse Lake were auctioned in November;
there is now virtually no potential subdivision frontage left in the name of the Crown
on this lake.
During the year the Port Edward-Inverness Slough settlements became incorporated as the Village of Port Edward.
Land applications were up in the Quesnel Inspection District by 29 per cent
and inspections were also up, a total of 241 being completed. It is anticipated that
the work load for various types of inspections will maintain the same rate of growth
in the next few years as has been the case in the last three. Normal population
growths, the provision of access and the opening of new lands by loggers, miners,
pioneers, etc., and the possibility of a new pulp-mill in Quesnel should all sustain
this expected growth.
In this district as in others the implementation of the lease-develop-purchase
policy will also ensure an increasing work load with reviews of leases being carried
out initially on a three-year basis. As well, it is anticipated that the Cottonwood
Provincial Forest will be converted to a pulp harvesting forest before long, and then
practically all special-use permits now administered by the Forest Service will be
handled by the Lands Service.
 DD 34     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
In the Williams Lake District the number of new application requests was up
25 per cent in 1967; work output was also up by 19 per cent, resulting in 492
completed inspections.
The ranching industry is the prime user of Crown land in the Cariboo, and
therefore applications to lease for ranching purposes form the major part of the
district work load. It is noted that the number of applications of a speculative
nature have been greatly reduced by Departmental policy, wherein agricultural
leasehold tenure requires cultivation plus, in the case of grazing leases, insistence
that the fencing provision in the lease indenture be complied with. As stock numbers increase and the Crown ranges are used to greater capacity, it is becoming
increasingly important to have a thorough knowledge of grazing patterns and use
throughout the entire range in order to arrive at reasoned recommendations.
Cattle sales during 1967 in the Williams Lake District increased to 38,000
head from 25,000 head in 1966. The average price per head increased during the
same period from $138 to $147 in 1967.
Once again inspection returns indicated that the lakes of the Cariboo are very
popular by local people, tourists, and residents of other parts of the Province for
summer-camp site use. This is borne out by the increase in summer-home site
applications, the number increasing from 49 in 1966 to 80 in 1967.
Requests sent out to the Clinton Land Inspection District were up 26 per cent
during the year; work accomplished increased by 18 per cent to 266 inspections
completed. Examinations relating to ranching and tourism continued to dominate
the inspection activity in this district. With the exception of grazing leases, the
increase in the number of applications during 1967 was distributed through all sectors. It is early to attempt to explain the reduction in grazing lease applications,
but it is felt this may be attributable to availability and to some extent to the enforcement of fencing requirements over existing grazing leases. The latter point has been
received with mixed response by the ranching community, but for the most part
there has been a general improvement in adherence to fencing requirements.
Again this year there was a continuing interest throughout the district in residential lots having lake-frontage. In June of this year the Department auctioned
95 residential lots on the south shore of Green Lake. All lots were disposed of at
the initial auction with bonus bids received totalling more than $38,000, reflecting
a strong demand for this type of development. All but 14 of the successful bidders
were from the Lower Mainland. The market for permanent home-sites in the 100
Mile House area remains firm, and this is expected to be the pattern during the forthcoming year as well.
In the Kamloops Land Inspection District new requests were down 24 per
cent from last year; work output totalled 423 inspections completed. There was a
reduction in rental reviews during the year, but as this category involves summer
homes and grazing lease reviews together, this would appear to be a temporary
situation and one which could fluctuate greatly from year to year, depending upon
the renewal dates of the leases. On the average this district should expect to have
approximately 200 rental reviews of all types for each year. In 1967 new applications to lease summer-home sites on lakes were up from 24 to 68 compared to
1966, but all other types of inspections remained relatively constant.
The number of inspections requested from the Kelowna Land Inspection District was up by 38 per cent compared to last year, and the work output was also up
17 per cent to 216 examinations completed. The work load this year was above the
five-year average.
1
 LANDS BRANCH DD 35
There is a continuing demand in this district for residential leases having lake-
frontage. In this regard a large number of rental reviews dealing with this type of
leasehold were carried out in the district this year, the majority being on Christina
Lake with a lesser number on Mabel Lake and along the Similkameen River.
Projects which were of particular interest during the year involved the appraisal
of 50 parcels of land which were located along the Okanagan Flood Control Channel
and administered by the Southern Okanagan Lands Project. Further types of
examinations which were of special interest involved the exchange of land in the
Mabel Lake area and the valuation of several parcels within the City of Vernon for
the Public Works Department. In addition, this office inspected and reported upon
a number of applications being made under section 102 (2) of the Land Registry Act.
Land-inspection requests in the Nelson District decreased by 8 per cent during
1967; the work accomplished totalled 250 examinations completed. It is anticipated that there will be a continuing interest in and demand for Crown land in the
Nelson Land Inspection District owing to construction of the Libby and Mica Dams,
construction and completion of the High Arrow Dam, completion of the Duncan
Dam, construction of a new pulp-mill at Skookumchuck, construction of a recreational centre at Crawford Bay on Kootenay Lake, development of four new ski
resorts in the area, and the proposed relocation of the towns of Natal and Michel.
The work load of the Vancouver Land Inspection District during 1967 decreased by 10 per cent; work accomplished increased to a total of 259 examinations
completed. The types of examination, Table 1, for the district does not indicate
any particular trend or development during the year; once again applications for
foreshore lots constituted a major portion of the work load. The foreshore applications were for many purposes, including new booming and log-storage leases,
marinas, oyster-growing purposes, etc.
During 1967 there was a decrease of 2 per cent in the New Westminster Land
Inspection District work load; work accomplished was 245 examinations completed.
Projects of especial interest this year included the appraisal of properties for
the British Columbia Forest Service and the Attorney-General's Department, a
large sand and gravel operation, an industrial property having frontage on the Fraser
River, and a ski-cabin subdivision development appraisal in the Alta Lake area.
Courtenay Land Inspection District also had a minor change in the number
of inspections requested, up 3 per cent from 1966; work completed totalled 274
examinations.
As in previous years, foreshore inspections continued to be the predominant
type of examination. The number of inspections for permanent home-sites also
continued at a high rate.
Tahsis Company Limited completed the construction of its new pulp-mill at
Gold River and commenced production in the summer of 1967.
In the Victoria Land Inspection District the number of inspections requested
during 1967 decreased by 14 per cent; work accomplished increased for a total of
189 examinations completed. As has been experienced in previous years, foreshore
inspections continued to be the predominant type of examination. Greater competition for the use of foreshore areas is inevitable with increased population since the
more favourable locations are now held under lease.
STAFF CHANGES
During the year several changes were made in the location and employment
of staff.   On September 1, 1967, Mr. F. M. Cunningham was appointed Assistant
 DD 36     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Director of Lands and was replaced as Assistant Chief Land Inspector by Mr. A. F.
Smith on October 16, 1967.
Mr. J. S. D. Smith, Land Inspector at Nelson, passed away March 28, 1967,
following a lengthy illness.
This year the following Land Inspectors resigned on the following dates and
for the reasons noted: W. V. Lowry, April 17, 1967 (employment with Federal
Government, Ottawa); M. G. McConnell, June 23, 1967 (returned to University
of British Columbia); J. R. Prosser, October 31, 1967 (employment with ARDA,
Winnipeg). Also the following Deputy Land Inspectors resigned: M. K. Wilson,
August 22, 1967 (travelled to New Zealand), and R. L. Lussier, September 15,
1967 (transferred to British Columbia Forest Service).
These vacancies required the following transfers of Land Inspectors: F. G.
Edgell from Prince George to Clinton, in charge, May 23, 1967; H. K. Boas from
Smithers to Nelson, in charge, June 5, 1967; R. N. Bose from Clinton to Smithers,
in charge, June 15,1967. Also the following Deputy Land Inspectors: P. H. Downs
from Fort St. John to Williams Lake, October 30, 1967, and J. E. Perdue from
Williams Lake to Nelson, November 7, 1967.
As a result of the above resignations the following personnel were taken on
staff on the dates noted and assigned to the following offices:—
Land Inspectors: J. P. Egan, June 12, 1967, Fort St. John; T. J. Todd,
October 1, 1967, Prince George; J. R. Nijhoff, December 1, 1967,
Vanderhoof; R. A. Cullis, August 16, 1967, Williams Lake.
Deputy Land Inspectors (two filled vacancies existing December 31,
1966): J. A. Little, June 1, 1967, Fort St. John; D. E. Jaffray,
September 21, 1967, Fort St. John; E. S. Gowman, October 1,
1967, Fort St. John; H. Patzelt, January 1, 1967, Pouce Coupe.
TRAINING
Eight Land Inspectors together with the Chief and Assistant Chief Land
Inspector are now accredited as appraisers with the Appraisal Institute of Canada.
Eight Land Inspectors and nine Deputy Land Inspectors have successfully
completed Parts 1 and 2 of the Appraisal Course and are now studying Part 3.
One Land Inspector is studying Part 2 on his own with a view to writing this examination in the spring. Three Land Inspectors and three Deputy Land Inspectors
are studying Part 1 of the Appraisal Course.
Two Land Inspectors have completed the Public Administration Course, and
at the present time one Land Inspector is in his third year and the Assistant Chief
Land Inspector is in his second year of this course.
In March two zone meetings were held—one at Kamloops and one at Prince
George.
STATISTICS
Table 1 represents a summary of the number and type of inspections completed
Sn the Province by this Division during 1967. Table 2 represents a comparison, on
a year-to-year basis, of the volume of field work completed and requests outstanding
at the end of each year for the period 1963 to 1967, inclusive.
Table 3 represents an analysis of requests for inspections processed by this
Division for the years 1963 to 1967, inclusive.
 LANDS BRANCH DD 37
Table 1.—Types of Inspections, 1967
Purchases—
Agriculture (other than grazing)  201
Access (roads, etc.)   2
Commercial (resorts, service-stations, hotels, airfields, etc.)  36
Community (cemeteries, church-sites, parking areas, etc.)  21
Grazing (pasture, range)  22
Home-sites (permanent)  218
Industrial (mill-sites, power-sites, manufacturing plants, etc.) 35
Summer home or camp-site  65
Wood-lots or tree-farms  2
Others  2
Leases—
Land—
Agriculture (other than grazing)  917
Commercial (resorts, service-stations, hotels, airfields,
etc.)  67
Community (parks, cemeteries, dump-sites, etc.)  31
Fur-farming  1
Grazing (pasture, range, hay-cutting, etc.)  375
Home-sites (section 78 of the Land Act)  14
Home-sites (permanent, other than section 78 of the
Land Act)  192
Industrial (mill-sites, power-sites, manufacturing plants,
etc.)  40
Summer home or camp-site  382
Quarrying (sand, gravel, limestone, diatomaceous earth,
etc.)  63
Reviews (rental and (or) diligent use)  1,243
Others  3
Foreshore—
Booming and log storage or log-dumping  171
Commercial    (boat   rentals,    marine    service-station,
wharves, etc.)  81
Industrial (mill-sites, canneries, factory-sites, wharves,
etc.)  11
Quarrying (sand and gravel from river-beds)  2
Oyster and shellfish  15
Private (floats, boathouses)  24
Reviews (rentals and (or) diligent use)  250
Others  4
Land-use permits  51
Licence of occupation  17
Easements and (or) rights-of-way  14
Pre-emptions—
Applications  22
Annual inspections (including applications for Crown grant)- 232
 DD 38     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 1.—Types of Inspections, 1967—Continued
Subdivisions—
Valuations  19
Survey inspection  1
Plans cancellation  3
Proposals (lake-shore, residential, etc.)  27
Others  2
Reserves—
Grazing  3
Gravel pits  1
Recreational  29
Others  6
Veterans' Land Act  1
Land Settlement Board—
Classification  6
Valuations  5
Doukhobor lands  5
Southern Okanagan Lands Project  9
Pacific Great Eastern Railway  6
Department of Social Welfare  3
Other agencies (British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority,
British Columbia Forest Service, Provincial Secretary's Department, and Department of Recreation and Conservation)_ 31
Miscellaneous inspections—
Assignments  47
Delinquent accounts  9
Escheats Act  1
Lake reconnaissance  30
Land-use surveys  15
Land revaluations of special nature  82
Protests  107
Section 53 (2), Land Act (verifying improvements)  400
Section 65, Land Act (free grants)    	
Section 78, Land Act (re compliance with provisions of)  23
Section 130, Land Act (lands vested in Crown under Taxation
Act)    	
Section 131b, Land Act (cases of doubt regarding inclusion of
body of water in Crown grant)  5
Trespass (land)  25
Trespass (water)  106
Quieting Titles Act  5
Section 102 (2), Land Registry Act  24
Others  58
Total  5,920
 LANDS BRANCH
DD 39
Table 2.—Analysis of Inspections Completed and Inspections Outstanding at
Year-end for the Years 1963 to 1967, Inclusive
Examinations Made during—
Outstanding at End of—
District
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
139
212
593
329
166
252
110
513
480
213
279
240
216
421
72
269
283
853
460
202
249
87
450
668
282
401
245
172
438
19
96
136
235
293
582
482
201
278
242
454
551
67
173
317
250
236
156
530
13
70
318
226
303
1,129
515
185
307
274
609
423
194
191
351
233
330
156
415
13
20
173
266
274
1,066
423
216
250
245
610
433
180
241
212
259
327
189
492
28
36
48
30
156
78
28
43
7
87
183
58
279
9
17
61
33
29
33
104
75
36
38
36
81
262
56
418
46
Ts
58
29
151
35
32
230
50
26
63
61
121
52
85
51
178
30
35
32
33
16
27
40
15
146
72
15
37
34
92
68
34
38
14
57
49
46
38
14
32
Clinton 	
64
36
Fort St. John	
180
Kamloops	
Kelowna 	
52
39
45
New Westminster	
Pouce Coupe 	
7
45
27
38
Quesnel 	
Smithers —	
Vancouver 	
33
23
31
40
4
74
Headquarters-	
B.C. Forest Service and
11
Totals..	
4,235
5,174
5,266
6,192
5,920
1,117
1,319
1,281
836
781
Note.—These figures include pre-emptions.
Table 3.—Analysis of Requests for Inspection Processed by Land Inspection
Division for Years 1963 to 1967, Inclusive
District
New Requests Received during—
Per Cent
Change,
1967 over
1966
Per Cent
Change,
1963
1964
1965
1
1966 1   1967
1
1967 over
1963
170
209
629
380
179
253
104
466
570
214
442
230
212
430
98
249
286
761
452
209
244
116
398
730
263
540
282
176
433
19
105
287
241
292
708
457
190
312
267
450
457
108
162
366
256
168
172
503
13
57
194
230
286
929
532
173
281
246
506
426
143
172
187
260
320
170
420
13
27
180
290
295
986
402
239
258
241
508
375
184
222
221
233
307
147
524
28
36
— 8
+26
+3
+6
—24
+38
— 8
—2
+4
— 12
+29
+29
+18
— 10
-4
—14
+25
0
+33
0
Clinton	
+71
+41
+57
Fort St. Tohn
Kamloops.  	
+6
+34
+2
+132
+9
—34
Nelson  	
0
Quesnel ~ ~
+4
—50
Vancouver...  	
+1
0
Victoria   	
—31
+22
0
63
Headquarters    	
Totals	
4,586
5,263
5,466
5,515
5,676
	
Average change for 1967 over 1966 for Province is +3 per cent.
Average change for 1967 over 1963 for Province is +24 per cent.
  SURVEYS AND MAPPING
BRANCH
 THE   SURVEYS   AND   MAPPING   BRANCH
The framework of maps and surveys so necessary for the orderly development and
settlement of British Columbia is provided through the Surveys and Mapping Branch.
That such scientific foundations were necessary even in the earliest days is shown by the
fact that in 1851 the position of Colonial Surveyor for the young Crown Colony of
Vancouver Island was created. In more than 100 years which have passed since Joseph
Despard Pemberton was appointed first Surveyor-General, British Columbia has expanded
immensely in all spheres of human endeavour. Much of the foundation for the way of
life we have in British Columbia today rests on the reliability of our basic surveys. As
British Columbia has progressed through time, so the surveys and maps of the Province
have increased in magnitude and complexity.
It is the responsibility of the Surveys and Mapping Branch, through the Boundary
Commissioner, to establish and maintain co-operatively the boundaries between this
Province and the other adjacent Provinces and Territories of Canada. Within the Province, the Branch has established and is ever extending a basic network of triangulation
surveys which are fundamental to determining geographical locations and co-ordinating
property boundaries. The surveying procedures vary according to the intended purposes.
Topographic surveys are constantly improving the portrayal of various physical features.
Cadastral (legal) surveys, on the other hand, delineate the parcels of Crown lands subject
to alienation under the Land Act. Finally, it is necessary to show on published maps the
combined survey effort in order to give a visual account of the position of land alienation
and geographic features of British Columbia. Maps must satisfy a wide range of uses,
whether it be by the sportsman searching for an untapped valley or virgin lake, the homesteader seeking unsettled lands, or the industrialist planning new ways and new places to
develop the resources of this Province.
So much for the uses of maps and surveys and their necessity. Also interesting is the
great variety of techniques and equipment which must support our complex surveying and
mapping organization. This includes photography from aircraft using precise cameras
calibrated to less than a thousandth of an inch, modern optical surveyors' theodolites
which read directly to seconds of arc, other instruments such as the tellurometer (a
distance-measuring device which operates on a principal similar to radar), and plotting
devices which are capable of precise mapping directly from aerial photographs. Helicopters and other aircraft speed surveyors to the remotest locations. Surveying is also
expanding into the realm of electronic computers which can process the contents of field-
notes in seconds compared with hours by manual methods. In all these ways, the science
of surveying and mapping continues to serve the people by keeping pace with their needs
and with the continual technological advances of our age.
The following is a brief summary of the functions of the various divisions of the
Surveys and Mapping Branch:—
/. Administration.—General co-ordination of the four divisions of the Branch, being
Legal Surveys, Geographic, Topographic, and Air; delineation and maintenance of
boundaries under the Provincial Boundary Commissioner—namely, (a) Alberta-British
Columbia Boundary and (b) British Columbia-Yukon-Northwest Territories Boundary;
interdepartmental and intergovernmental liaison.
//. Legal Surveys Division.—Regulations for surveys under the various Provincial
Acts, such as Land, Land Registry, Mineral, Petroleum and Natural Gas; instructions to
British Columbia land surveyors regarding surveys of Crown lands and subsequent check
of field-notes and plans of same; preparation and custody of official plans; preparation
and maintenance of Departmental reference maps, mineral reference maps, and composite
(cadastral) maps; processing for status of all applications concerning Crown lands; field
surveys of Crown lands, highway rights-of-way, etc.; preparation of legal descriptions;
operation of blue-print and photostat sections; computational scrutiny of certain land
registry subdivision plans; inspection surveys; restoration surveys.
///. Geographic Division.—Map compilation, drawing and negative engraving, editing, and reproduction; map checking, distribution, geographical naming—Gazetteer of
British Columbia; field and culture surveys for preparation of land bulletins and maps;
preparation of legal descriptions for and delineation of administrative boundaries; compilation and distribution of annual Lands Service Report; trigonometric computation and
recording of geographic co-ordinates; general liaison between this Department and Federal and other mapping agencies on exchange of survey and mapping data; checking well-
site survey plans under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.
IV. Topographic Division.—Propagation of field survey control—namely, triangulation, traverses, and photo-topographic control; operation of Otter float-plane; helicopters
on charter; compilation and fair drawing of manuscripts for standard topographic mapping; special field control for composite and photogrammetric mapping and other special
projects; precise mapping from aerial photographs through the use of the most modern
plotting-machines.
V. Air Division.—Aerial photographic operations involving maintenance and operation of two aircraft; photographic processing, air-photo distribution, and Provincial airphoto library; compilation of interim base maps, primarily for the forest inventory;
air-photo control propagation; instrument-shop for the repair, maintenance, and development of technical equipment.
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 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH DD 45
SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
G. S. Andrews, M.B.E., Director, Surveyor-General,
and Boundaries Commissioner
Each year, completed and up for review, is like the youngest child added to
a large family, all of whom show common characteristics, but interesting variations
are also evident among them, according to how the chromosomes got stirred up in
each mix. While gratifying to " Pa " that the children are all like him in one way
or another, the old saying goes, " Mother knows best." So it is with this Branch's
family of years, on no less than 17 of which (since 1951) it has been the writer's
privilege to report. Characteristic trends through these years include authorized
annual expenditure, staff establishment, accommodation, policy, the nature of
work, technology, equipment, methods, and accomplishment.
Authorized annual expenditure on surveys and mapping covering payroll,
equipment, and operations has shown a gradual climb from some $830,000 in
1951/52 to $1,790,000 for the current year. To be realistic, the increase must be
discounted somewhat for the inflationary spiral. These expenditures, in proportion
to the total Provincial budget have, however, declined steadily from 0.94 per cent
in 1951/52 to 0.25 per cent now, reflecting the growing complexity and responsibility demanded of government. Nevertheless, one must ask, if the relative importance of surveys and mapping, which provide the very basis for economic growth,
should not maintain its former proportion of the total budget.
Authorized staff establishment of the Branch has been monotonously static
through the past 17 years. The figure for 1951/52 was 183, the current total is
186. The highest was 192 in 1952/53 and the lowest, 175, in 1958/59, the 17-year
mean being just under 182. Temporary field staff has augmented these totals in
summer months by 15 to 20 per cent. The housing of the Branch's activities
reflects the stability in personnel, by having changed little, area-wise, but in quality
it has improved in some respects, such as ventilation in the photo-processing laboratory. In spite of some consolidation, the accommodation is still sporadically fragmented, with the penalty in restricted co-ordination of the various branch segments.
My comment for the year 1951 could be repeated for 1967: " Our present sporadic
distribution of offices in four different buildings, diluted among unrelated units of
other departments, is to some extent chaotic and wasteful."
Features of conspicuous but progressive change during this period are technological, covering equipment and methods, happily with a corresponding increase in
the quantity and quality of work output. In this sense the later years of the period
are like later additions to the family, which enjoy the benefits not afforded to the
earlier children, due to enhanced economic status and maturity of the family unit.
The technological features mentioned include improved photo aircraft, the cameras
and the navigational aids used in them, together with processing facilities. Revolutionary procedures for distance measurement in field surveying became available in
the late 1950's in the form of the tellurometer and the geodometer, as did first-order
photogrammetric plotting equipment in the form of the Wild A7 autograph. Complementary with these, the revolution in computations and data processing by
electronic systems was propitiously and progressively used, such that almost immediate advantage of the improved field measurements in the form of sophisticated
adjustments has made practical reality of what was formerly theoretic and wishful
thinking. Improvements in cartography, lithography, and in drawing and reproduction materials, particularly in respect to dimensional and chemical stability, have
 DD 46     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
been significant. It has only been by persistent and aggressive adaptation to these
new advantages that the static staff potential has been able to cope with the
compounding increase in volume, variety, and complexity of demand.
A few features of the current year as given in detail by the division reports
following are worthy of special remark. An all-time record for air-photo flying
was achieved by the Air Division. Again the commendable vigilance and efficiency
of the aircraft personnel in fully exploiting any incidence of photo weather whenever
and wherever was a major contributing factor in this accomplishment. The acquisition of two Zeiss RMK 30/23 12-inch focal-length cameras now provides each
of the two air-photo detachments with full complement of modern first-order air
survey cameras for either the 6- or 12-inch photography, according to opportunity,
thus providing full flexibility of operation. This was a contributing factor to the
high record of accomplishment in 1967. Increasing incidence of breakdowns with
the old worn-out 12-inch O.S.C. cameras formerly used implied a significant loss
of photo-weather opportunity in past years. Complementary to the increased
potential for taking air photos, the operation of a second Cintel electronic printing
unit in the processing laboratory has reduced a long-time bottleneck in that section.
The aggregate holding of prints in the Air Photo Library now approximates 700,000.
This is an impressive total for a Provincial service. The National Air Photo
Library in Ottawa, covering all of Canada, some 10 times the area of British
Columbia, had a total in excess of three million photographs in 1965, and probably
approaches four million now. The perennial deficiency of staff in the Air Division
to fully complete the air-photo interim map series, one of our best sellers, is
regrettable.   The remedy is obvious.
In connection with the work of the Geographic Division, the appearance of
the long-awaited 1966 edition of the Geographical Gazetteer of British Columbia
was a welcome event. The previous 1953 edition had been both out of print and
obsolescent for some time. The new edition includes over 35,000 names, some
8,000 more than the previous edition. From data given in the Division report, it
would appear that there are already over 700 new approved names to supplement
those presented in the 1966 Gazetteer. Among seven completely new maps produced by the Division in 1967, the special one-sheet map of Vancouver Island
(SGS 1) at 6-miles-per-inch scale is noteworthy and an example of cartographic
excellence, produced entirely in the Province. Compilation, colour separation, and
editing were done by the Division, and the map was excellently photographed and
lithographed by the Government Printing Bureau.
Utilizing improved facilities for electronic computations and mathematical
adjustment described in the Legal Surveys Division's report, a large amount of
survey control adjustment was accomplished by the Computing Section, as shown
in Table A of the Geographic Division report. There is now record of over 39,000
monumented survey points duly co-ordinated on the North American Geodetic
Datum within the Province.
A comparative statistical tabulation of many routine office operations of the
Legal Surveys Division for 1966 and 1967 indicates more increases than decreases.
Among the increases are diazo prints, up some 50,000 items (16 per cent); offset
prints, up 273,000 (62Vi per cent); applications for lease cleared, up over 1,000
(22 per cent); photostats dropped by 73,000 (45 per cent). The plan-checking programme for Land Registry Offices has been widened to serve all districts except that
of New Westminster, which, toward the end of the year, expressed a need for this
service due to an unprecedented land subdivision activity in that district. Its inclusion
would, however, require additional staff due to current capacity load in this section.
The success of the drivable pipe posts innovated by the Legal Surveys Division
1
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH DD 47
several years ago is reflected in the total issue of some 4,500 of this type as against
715 of the older standard pipe post.
Gratifying progress continues in the field of electronic computations, especially
in converting programmes in various ways. Conversion from the I.B.M. 1620-11 to
the I.B.M. System/360 installed during the year is under way, and the benefits of
the new system are both significant and appreciated.
The Topographic Division had a record year in respect to the magnitude of its
field operations and the budget to finance them. This situation arose largely
from a crash programme to improve the quality and density of horizontal and vertical control in North-east British Columbia in response to representations from the
Canadian Petroleum Association, and was approved on our recommendation that
it would be more economical to get most of it done in one season by an enlarged
operation than to do it piecemeal over a number of years. In spite of propitious
weather which favoured the general operation and also permitted the obtaining of
the essential new 40-chain air-photo cover early in the season, the accomplishment
fell somewhat short of expectations. This was due mainly to two factors: one was
the unexpected density and height of new growth along the seismic lines used for
routing the levelling and traverse loops. In many places this necessitated shorter
courses between a larger number of occupied traverse stations and turning points,
and brush-cutting, both of which significantly impeded progress. The other factor
was the necessity to close down the operation two weeks prematurely due to a precipitant clamp-down on release of funds in conformity with an austerity blitz and
because an over-expenditure of some $20,000 previously authorized for extra work
done on another project did not materialize. With such a large field force, some 50
men, two helicopters, and an Otter support aircraft, this restriction reduced the
effective accomplishment in proportion to the basic cost of deployment in such a
remote area. These two weeks' field opportunity lost due to a freeze on funds were,
unfortunately, the most effective weeks of the whole season, with crews all highballing on the job, well trained and highly efficient. There is one consolation in the
fact that the area left to be done south of latitude 58° 20' is more accessible by the
existence of access roads and, therefore, could involve a lower proportion of expensive helicopter services.
SURVEY INTEGRATION
Establishment of survey control monuments in urban and suburban areas for
survey integration continues as described in the Topographic Division report.
Valuable co-operation was provided by the Federal Surveys and Mapping Branch
in the form of a first-order geodetic control party which established some 25 points
in the Greater Vancouver area, thus providing a strong framework to support the
expansion of second-, third-, and fourth-order control. The same party, before
the end of the season, was also able to establish some nine first-order stations in
the Greater Victoria region. This will be valuable when survey integration begins
to receive attention in the Capital Region, and it will also be useful for pin-pointing
the site of the Centennial survey monument dedicated on the 21st of June in
Victoria. Another Federal survey party concentrated on second-order control in
the City of Vancouver in co-operation with the city surveyor's office, liaison being
provided by this Branch. The Provincial effort was divided between several areas
in the Lower Mainland and in the Interior, as described in the Topographic report.
One integrated survey area was proclaimed by Order in Council under authority of
the Official Surveys Act (as amended in 1966). At the year-end final steps anticipating proclamation of a second area are well in hand.
 DD 48     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Accumulating experience in connection with establishing integrated surveys is
leading to clearer concepts of worth-while objectives and the means of obtaining
them. It appears that a degree of flexibility is necessary whereby the principles of
survey integration could be applied in the earliest stages in survey evolution, say,
in a wilderness area and to continue thereafter. This means that specifications,
mainly for accuracy and density of control, which directly influence costs, must be
graduated on a sliding scale compatible with land values. On this basis it should
be practicable to initiate survey integration in wilderness areas with the first primary
survey operation, such as new district lots or rights-of-way. As further survey
activity accrues in the area, in response to economic development, specifications
may be progressively more rigorous, to the ultimate required, say, in an urban area
of high land values.
Further consideration of a more equitable sharing of the cost of integrated
survey is needed. The case of a single lot or a simple subdivision for an individual
owner should have recourse to a degree of compensation for the extra cost of coordination, possibly through a tax credit. Large subdivisions, of course, may be
expected to assume a proportionately larger share of the cost of integration, without
the cost per lot being unreasonably high.
SURVEY INTEGRATION A BASIS FOR GEO-CODING
The following paragraphs aim to rationalize heretofor nebulous ideas in the
mind of the writer, which now appear to have clarified sufficiently to merit expression for consideration, critical or otherwise.
A lot of attention is being given by various authorities to the problem of processing locational data and their digital expression, which has been referred to as
" geo-coding." Various statistical disciplines are concerned with this problem, such
as census, land classification, land capability and use, natural-resource inventories,
etc. One feature common to all approaches to rational geo-coding is the degree
of resolving power of the system; that is, how fine a specification of position or
area is adequate. For certain studies concerned with geographical distribution,
the unit location may be as large as, for example, a quarter-section of 160 acres;
that is, one-half mile square. For another purpose, such as perhaps a market survey,
this may be too coarse, and a finer resolution, down to units, say, the size of a town
lot may be required. Certainly taxation would seem to require a geo-coding resolution compatible with separation of individual property units.
One area, concerned with geo-coding, close to the operations of surveyors,
especially in Legal Surveys, is that of registration of land titles according to the
Land Registry Act as administered by the Attorney-General's Department. In
British Columbia the so-called Torrens principle, in effect for over a century, in
return for compulsory registration of title (for a fee), purports to guarantee title.
What resolution should a geo-coding system for land title registration have? It
may be that anything less than the resolution (accuracy) specified for property
boundaries is an inadequate compromise. This means that for intensive urban
property subdivisions a positional resolution of more than one-tenth of a foot is
too coarse. In rural and wilderness areas this specification could be relaxed to as
much as a foot or, indeed, several feet. It follows that the unique identity and
location of a legal parcel of land, based on the survey of its boundaries, would fully
meet the resolution required for geo-coding land titles. A concern is brevity in the
digital array identifying and locating a unit parcel. Happily, increasing storage
capacity in the current electronic data-processing systems would appear to offer
some relaxation in this restriction.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 49
By adopting a convention of starting at, say, the northernmost angle point on
the legal perimeter of a parcel, and if this could be at either end of a truly east and
west boundary-line, referenced to grid azimuth, then take the most north-easterly
angle point and express this by its co-ordinate position in our accepted polyconic
rectangulars. We now are on the way to a unique digital label for identifying and
geo-coding the parcel, but not quite all the way. Two wedge-shaped lots could
happen to share this point, so we must include the co-ordinates for the next adjacent
angle point on the perimeter, again using the convention of proceeding in, say, a
clockwise direction. The inclusion of the second point removes all ambiguity at
the price, however, of increasing the necessary array of digits. A resolution to
one-tenth of a foot in co-ordinating the two corners should be sufficient even for
high-value property. In such a case the co-ordinates for the pair of corners would
run to 33 digits as, for example:—
Angle Point
Polyconic Rectangular Co-ordinates
Total
Number
Origin
Feet
or
Digits
No. 1  .__ 	
No. 2.    .	
Lat.            Long.
48°               123°
(ditto)
1
X          |         Y
—220073.2    |    364892.6
-220001.1    |    364812.4
___ 20
= 15
Total digits 	
2                     3
16          |          14
1
35
If the convention of a false origin is adopted to make all X values positive,
two minus signs could be dropped, reducing the required aggregate to 33 digits.
The assumption is made that the same geographic origin applies to both points,
which would be true in most cases, especially if, when necessary, the zone were
extended discretely to include both. In the event that one or both identifying points
should fall on a natural boundary, such as a high-water mark, or on a curve, a
further convention would be to transform the meandering boundary into a series of
tangents or chords. These could be as short as 5 or 10 feet without compromising
legal limits or value of the property. This approach is applicable, then, to parcels
of any shape and whose perimeter could comprise any number of angle points. The
underlying requirement is that all angle points of the perimeter, either regular or
conventionalized, are co-ordinated on the North American Geodetic Datum in a
rectangular system. This is precisely the end result of survey integration. This
application to geo-coding exemplifies one of the primary potential advantages of
survey integration—namely, a digital identity and geo-coding system for all legal
parcels of land, free from ambiguity, having a resolution to a tenth of a foot, and
within the capabilities of present-day electronic data-processing systems.
The data bank for each parcel would, in addition to the co-ordinates of identifying corners, store the co-ordinates of each of the other angle points on the perimeter,
from which bearing, distance, and location of each and all of the sides could
be computed and read out. Areas could also be derived. Other pertinent data
covering ownership or title identity, plan number, assessment, tax status, services,
etc., could be coded and retrieved. In complex cases more than one of the ordinary
I.B.M. punch cards might be necessary for each parcel, or the whole " bag of tricks "
could be stored on tape or disk.
A different universe for geo-coding a country or a province, complementary to
the fragmented and haphazard universe of private-property parcels, would be a
regular array of geographic units blanketing the whole. The permit and lease grid
system of geo-coding adopted by the British Columbia Petroleum and Natural Gas
 DD 50     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Act, by which each larger geographic block is broken down in quadrilateral units
30 seconds of latitude by 45 seconds of longitude, or a similar perhaps more convenient breakdown could form the basis of this blanket approach. Each unit could
be geo-coded by the rectangular polyconic co-ordinates of, say, its north-east corner
(20 digits to one-tenth foot). On each unit card could be entered the rectangulars
of the other three corners and all legal corners it contains, as well as other types of
data, such as well-sites, elevations, land classification, resource inventories, etc.
Programmes could then be developed to process these data for a large variety of
over-all statistical, legal, and economic readouts. The two banks of information
systems, the over-all geographic breakdown on one hand and the fragmentary haphazard cadastral breakdown on the other, for any given tract of country could be
used as a mutual check; that is, the total surface of one system should equal the
total surface of the other. All this sounds like a colossal exercise in tedium, but
that is just what modern data-processing systems appear to thrive on.
The foregoing line of thought, while perhaps over-simplifying the case for the
sake of brevity, does show that the ultimate end product of survey integration—
that is, the co-ordination of every angle point of every legal parcel of land, whatever shape—on the North American Geodetic Datum is the ultimate fully competent
universal approach to precise geo-coding of all criteria concerning the surface of
the earth, be it ownership, value, or whatever. Any other simpler approach might
well be an expensive compromise.
BOUNDARY INSPECTION
In July the Commissioners for the British Columbia-Yukon-Northwest Territories Boundary, Mr. R. Thistlethwaite for Canada and the writer for British
Columbia, made an inspection of this boundary (by helicopter from Whitehorse)
along the 60th parallel from the lower crossing of the Tatshenshini River, Monument 166, west to Monument 185 on the right (west) bank of the Alsek River,
where a landing was made. The monument at this point was found in good condition, but a rock cairn marking the tie point 3 chains north had been dismantled,
presumably by a curious grizzly bear. Due to low cloud ceiling, Monument 187,
243 chains (approximately 3 miles) west and at 4,019 feet elevation, the westernmost terminal monument of the surveyed boundary, was obscured in cloud and thus
inaccessible that day. The return flight followed along the boundary, except where
detours were necessary around high ground engulfed in cloud. Several pits and
mounds marking other monuments were observed, and the cut line through timbered
portions was quite discernible. The area covered in this flight, especially at the
west end, is possibly one of the most inaccessible in the whole Province and, especially near the Alsek River, a fantastic spectacle of raw wilderness having been comparatively only recently, in the geological sense, vacated by the ice mantle of the
last glacial advance. An indelible impression of the area is also that there is yet
a vast amount of unoccupied real estate in the north-west part of the Province.
This westernmost segment of the British Columbia-Yukon Boundary, from Monument 166 to 187, was surveyed by Mr. A. F. Swannell, B.C.L.S., in 1958. Beyond
Monument 187 to the west for some 38 miles to the International Boundary with
Alaska, the 60th parallel ascends to traverse enormous icefields, and for this reason
has not been surveyed. It can wait until the present icefield might dissipate, which
may be a little time yet.
DISTANT FIELDS
Valuable extra-provincial liaison in surveys and mapping was effected during
the year in a number of ways.   In Ottawa during the week of February 6th to 10th
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH DD 51
the Director attended a special meeting on geo-coding and the three-day 60th Annual
Convention of the Canadian Institute of Surveying. Messrs. M. Perks, B.C.L.S.,
of the Legal Surveys Division, and A. D. Wight, B.C.L.S., of the Topographic
Division, also attended these meetings. In September a special symposium on ortho-
photo mapping in Ottawa was attended by Messrs. A. H. Ralfs, Assistant Director,
and C. R. Irving, Supervisor of the Photogrammetry Section of the Topographic
Division. In October the Director and Mr. W. R. Young, Chief of the Geographic
Division, attended annual meetings in Fredericton, N.B., of the Advisory Council
on Cadastral Surveys, of the Permanent Canadian Committee on Geographical
Names, and of the Federal-Provincial survey officers. Immediately following, in
Ottawa, were meetings of the National Advisory Committee on Control Surveys
and Mapping and a special conference on control surveys. While in Eastern Canada the Director utilized the opportunity to visit several Provincial survey headquarters at Fredericton, Halifax, St. John's, and Charlottetown.
A strong impression gained from these latter visits was the chaotic character
of the primary cadastral partition of land surviving from early colonial days, when
riparian frontage for each parcel of land was of paramount importance due to
rivers serving almost exclusively as arteries of access, transport, and communication. Many such lots survive to this day with, say, 600 feet of river-frontage, 6
miles of depth, and in some cases with only 100 feet width at the back line. We
receive occasional complaints about the irregularity of the district lot system in
British Columbia, but compared to the old allotments in Eastern Canada our system
seems almost elegant.
In December Messrs. A. C. Kinnear, Chief of the Air Division, and J. W. Gibbs,
of the same Division, attended the annual meeting of the Puget Sound Section of
the American Society of Photogrammetry, in Seattle, at which Mr. Kinnear was
elected section president for 1968.
STAFF
There was an aggregate of 15 personnel separations during the year, which is
about normal. Among these are two worthy of special comment. On June 30,
1967, Mr. Edward Phillip Creech, Technician 2 in the Air Division, retired on
superannuation, having joined the Department as apprentice draughtsman April 1,
1920, which implies over 47 years' service. Mr. Creech, a native of Victoria, had
a distinguished career in map compilation and draughting, serving in several divisions of the Branch, during which time he saw many changes both in people and
in methods. The high standard of cadastral information on the Interim Map series
and its correlation with the air-photo information is due in large measure to Mr.
Creech's talents and his extensive background in all phases of map compilation.
Mr. Hubert Wilfred Ridley, Technician 1 in the Legal Surveys Division, resigned in March to enter private business, after nearly 25 years' service in the
Branch. His initial assignment was in clerical and draughting work, after which
Mr. Ridley took advantage of opportunities to serve as a field survey assistant for
a number of years, including work on the British Columbia-Yukon Boundary survey.
In this, as in all his endeavours, he did well, qualifying as head chainman and finally
as assistant to the party chief. In later years this balance of office and field experience qualified him to take charge of the Plans Inspection Section in the Legal
Surveys Division, which covered the introduction of electronic data-processing for
this work. Mr. Ridley's long service with a consistent record of competence and
reliability caused his resignation to be received with regret.
 r
DD 52     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
THE CENTENNIAL YEAR 1967
At 11.15 a.m. (Pacific Daylight Saving time) on June 21st, the day of the
summer solstice, British Columbia participated in simultaneous nation-wide Centennial ceremonies, paying tribute to surveyors for their work in measuring and
mapping Canada during its first centenary, 1867 to 1967, and the establishment
during that period of the North American Geodetic Survey Datum across the length
and breadth of our nation. The ceremony took the form of dedicating the site of
British Columbia's Canadian Centennial survey monument in a selected spot in the
precinct of the new Provincial Museum in Victoria, and lasted about a half-hour.
Simultaneously, similar Centennial survey monuments were dedicated in all the
Provincial capitals across the country, in Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, and in
Ottawa, the National capital. The writer, in his official capacity of Surveyor-
General and Director of Surveys and Mapping for the Province, was privileged to
act as master of ceremonies. Invocation was by Brig. Victor C. Underhill, Salvation Army. The Honourable R. W. Bonner, Q.C., Attorney-General, gave the
dedication address and unveiled the survey marker. Brief comments were made
by several distinguished guests, His Worship H. R. Stephen, Mayor of Victoria;
Mr. R. B. Young, Director of the Canadian Hydrographic Survey (West Coast
Division); Mr. A. W. Wolfe-Milner, B.C.L.S., president of the British Columbia
Land Surveyors Corporation; and Mr. A. H. Ralfs, Assistant Director of Surveys
and Mapping for British Columbia and Provincial Councillor on the executive of
the Canadian Institute of Surveying, which inspired the nation-wide scheme. Space
does not permit quoting the full text of the proceedings, which are filed in the Provincial Archives, but two extracts from the Honourable the Minister's address have
been selected, as follows:—
" It will be obvious, when we think about the importance of relative positions
of survey points in human affairs, social, economic, and scientific, that since a point
has position only, and no dimension of itself, that each one must be supported and
marked, on a material which is stable, permanent, and visible, so that it may be
discovered or recovered by anyone concerned. Regulations governing the survey
of legal property boundaries in British Columbia specify an array of official survey
markers according to the importance of the points or corners which they represent.
Nowadays, these markers are of metal for permanence, and in certain cases are
embedded in concrete. In early days in B.C., when district lots were surveyed
out of the wilderness by the pioneer surveyors, the corner posts were usually hewn
out of local timber growing close at hand, and were supported in a cairn of rocks.
In addition, to help the settler find the corners of his homestead, the surveyors
would cut blazes on nearby trees, each blaze facing in the direction of the corner
post. These were called bearing trees, and even today many of them have survived
the ravages of time to help the modern surveyor relocate an original lot corner in
the course of extending his surveys to new subdivisions and rights-of-way. And so
it will be with our Centennial survey point, here. But instead of blazing nearby
trees, which might not please the Superintendent of Grounds, a beautiful and imaginative reference monument has been designed and is in the course of construction,
to be installed here, near this Centennial point, when the final work on these precincts is approaching completion. Some interesting ideas for this monument were
put forward by the supervising surveyor, Mr. W. A. Taylor, B.C.L.S., in the Legal
Surveys Division of the B.C. Surveys and Mapping Branch, and were incorporated
in an elegant and imaginative design by a local artist, Mr. J. C. S. Wilkinson.   .   .   .
" In conclusion, this Centennial survey monument commemorates the establishment, during the century 1867 to 1967, of the North American Geodetic Survey
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 53
Datum from ocean to ocean. Into this vast network of precisely co-ordinated and
permanently marked points, all surveys and mapping of man's natural and cultural
environment, his properties and his works, may be integrated so that in his use of
the land, chaos, conflict, and litigation may be replaced by order, co-ordination,
and harmony. With similar survey monuments in other Provinces, the Territories,
and in the National capital of Canada, it also signifies the pride and gratitude Canadians should take in and for this geodetic contribution to Confederation by our
surveyors and engineers."
The master of ceremonies concluded the ceremony as follows:—
" In his remarks the Honourable Minister made reference to the use of astronomy by early surveyors and navigators. It is interesting, and I am sure Brigadier
Underbill will be gratified to know, that the latest sophistication in geodetic surveying has caused surveyors, once more, to take inspiration from the heavens. By
virtue of satellite triangulation, against a background of the celestial firmament,
geodetic surveyors are now measuring huge triangles having 3,000-mile sides, less
than 50 of which completely encompass the earth. So, it is encouraging to think
that the North American Geodetic Datum, represented here today by this modest
Centennial survey monument before us, will be extended to become part of a World
Geodetic Datum, uniting all the continents and the oceans of the world into a rigid,
measured geodetic structure. We would hope it may, in time, thus symbolize the
harmonius co-ordination of all nations and peoples into a world unity of peaceful
brotherhood."
In concluding this report for 1967 and resuming the vein of the introductory
remarks, in the wisdom of old age, a father, when asked which of his many children
was his favourite, replied, " The one which happens to be with me." When the
writer reviews the procession of 17 circumsolar orbits of the Surveys and Mapping
Branch from the perspective of his official cockpit, the more recent years seem to
have been the most enjoyed and gratifying. Perhaps this is due to increasing
accumulation of experience each year and the maturing capability of discerning the
things of real value from those of lesser worth. The year 1967, Canada's Centennial Year, for this Branch was one of the best on record, but with just enough
wayward symptoms to remind us that discipline, especially self-discipline, can never
be relaxed.   Always must we strive to do better.
By way of epilogue to the foregoing report the following lines from the late
Harry Hughes Browne, Provincial land surveyor, 1862-1932, may be appropriate:—■
Beneath this Cairn and Witness Post
A Land Surveyor's bones are laid:
The Bearing Trees inform his ghost
When hubs from Azimuth have strayed.
Along the front, where moved his tent,
Departure grew with Latitude,
But still he never saved a cent:
His recompense on high he viewed.
He seldom grumbled at his lot
(Surveyors are not built that way),
But made the best of what he got,
And called the fraction " Parcel A."
Methinks I hear this message short,
As from Polaris he looks down,
" Sir, I've the honour to report,
Your most obedient servant,
Browne."
 DD 54     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
LEGAL SURVEYS DIVISION
D. Pearmain, Chief
The Legal Surveys Division, under the direction of the Surveyor-General, is
responsible for cadastral surveys of all Crown lands of the Province. This entails
the issuing of instructions to the land surveyors engaged to make each survey and
supplying them with copies of field-notes and plans of adjoining or adjacent surveys.
After the completion of the survey, the returns are forwarded to this office for checking and plotting. In the above returns are all right-of-way surveys, including those
for highways, railways, and transmission-lines. During the year, 1,143 sets of the
above instructions were issued, as against 1,181 during 1966.
During the year, 643 sets of field-notes or survey plans covering the survey of
937 lots were received in this office and duly indexed, checked, plotted, and official
plans prepared therefrom. Of the above-mentioned surveys, 905 were made under
the Land Act and 32 under the Mineral Act. It is interesting to note that these 32
lots surveyed under the Mineral Act encompassed 284 mineral claims, this being
made possible by the 1965 amendment to the Mineral Act allowing perimeter surveys of groups of mineral claims. At the present time there are approximately
100,442 sets of field-notes on record in our vaults.
There were 463 plans received from land surveyors covering subdivisions and
rights-of-way surveys which were made under the Land Registry Act. This is an
increase of 96 over the year 1966. These plans were duly indexed and checked,
and certified copies deposited in the respective Land Registry Office.
In order that a graphic record may be kept of alienations of both surveyed and
unsurveyed Crown lands together with reserves, a set of 262 reference maps covering the whole of the Province must be maintained. These show all cadastral surveys
which are on file in the Department, and are kept up to date by new information
as it accrues from day to day. Prints are available to the public (see Indexes 1 to 7
in the envelope attached to the back cover of this Annual Report).
All applications to purchase or lease Crown lands or foreshore which are
received by the Lands Branch and all applications to purchase Crown timber received by the Forest Service are channelled through this Division for clearance.
The orderly processing of these applications requires that an exhaustive status be
made from the reference maps, official plans, and Land Registry Office plans. From
the reference maps, together with other information and facilities maintained by
this Division, it is possible to give an up-to-the-minute status of any parcel of Crown
land in the Province.
It was necessary during the year, for status and revision purposes, to obtain
2,037 plans from the various Land Registry Offices.
This Division co-operates with the other departments of Government by preparing and checking legal descriptions which they require. Those assisted in this
way were the Attorney-General's Department (descriptions of Small Debts Courts),
the Department of Agriculture (descriptions of diseases-free areas and pound districts), the Forest Service (descriptions of tree-farm licences and working circles),
and the Lands Branch (descriptions for gazetted reserves, etc.). During the year,
349 of the above descriptions were prepared and checked.
REPRODUCTION SECTION
The Legal Surveys Division, through this section, continues to supply a service
to all departments of Government and to the public, as well as supplying all the
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 55:
prints and photostats, etc., required by the Surveys and Mapping Branch. The total
number of diazo prints made during the year was 353,882, in the preparation of
which 337,800 yards or 203 miles of paper and linen were used. The number of
photostats, films, autopositives, etc., was 90,756. The number of Xerox copies
made was 157,278.
Of the 353,882 diazo prints made, 56,757 were for the Surveys and Mapping
Branch, 78,821 for other branches of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water
Resources, 192,230 for other departments of Government, and 26,074 for the
public. Likewise of the 90,756 photostats, films, autopositives, etc., made, 27,447
were for the Surveys and Mapping Branch, 54,625 for other branches of the Department, 8,623 for other departments of Government, and 66 for the public.
The multilith machine turned out 708,588 copies during the year.
COMPOSITE MAP SECTION
This Section is responsible for the compilation and fair drawing of composite
maps, mostly on a scale of 500 feet to 1 inch, of the more densely subdivided areas
of the Province, and especially where they occur in unorganized territory. (See
Index 3 inside back cover.)
During the year no composite mapping was done, but all of the maps situated
within the Kamloops Land Registration were revised and brought up to date.
The main effort of this Section this year was the recompilation and renewal of
reference maps which, through constant use, had become worn and dirty. In
certain cases the scale of the new maps has been enlarged from 1 inch to 1 mile,
to 1 inch to one-half mile. The total number of reference maps recompiled and
redrawn during the year was 38.
LAND EXAMINATION PLANS SECTION
This Section is responsible for the preparation of plans for the use of the Land
Inspectors in their examination of applications for Crown lands. These plans are a
consolidation of all the information available in this Department and pertinent to
the applications requiring inspection. A synopsis of the work accomplished by this
Section during the past six years is as follows:—
Year
1962.
1963.
1964.
Plans Plans
Prepared Year Prepared
2,941      1965  2,212
2,944      1966  2,808
2,827      1967  2,753
LAND REGISTRY OFFICE PLAN CHECKING SECTION
This Section supplies a service to the Land Registry Offices at Victoria, Vancouver, Kamloops, Nelson, Prince George, and Prince Rupert by giving a thorough
and complete mathematical check to plans tendered for deposit in the said offices.
This mathematical check is accomplished through the use of the electronic computer
which is available to this Division.
During the year, 2,649 plans received this check, as compared to 2,463 in
1966 and 2,436 in 1965.
GENERAL
The receiving and distribution of survey-posts, which are stored at 859 Devonshire Road, has operated smoothly and efficiently. The following synopsis shows
the quantities of posts shipped during the past year and to whom1:—
 DD 56     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Standard
Pipe
Driveable
Pipe
Standard
Rock
B.C.L.S.
Bars
105
75
535
344
684
3,462
132
88
548
2,300
725
Totals	
715
4,490
768
3,025
COMPUTER OPERATIONS AND PROGRAMMING
During 1967 the use made of the Government I.B.M. 1620 computer continued to grow. However, during the past year the Data Processing Division has
not kept statistics as in previous years, and so the hours of usage of computer and
key-punching time are not available.
Programming
The following new programmes were completed:—
(1) Surmap 133 (" Cosmos ").—This programme for the adjustment of mixed
survey data on the spheroid has replaced the " Groom " programme originally obtained from Ottawa.
(2) Surmap 134.—This programme was specifically designed for the computation and adjustment of long traverses (with distance measurements by
tellurometer) that do not lend themselves to a least square adjustment
as in " Cosmos."
(3) Surmap 135 ("Bride 2 ").—This is an improved version of the original
" Bride " programme for the adjustment of traverse networks. The new
programme will compute and adjust mixed survey data—in the same way
as " Cosmos "—but in terms of rectangular co-ordinates. Its principal
application is the adjustment of the control networks required for integrated survey areas.
(4) Surmap 136.—A programme for the computation of sun azimuth observations primarily used by the Water Resources Branch.
(5) Surmap 159 (Map-sheet Plotting Programme).—This programme, designed and used by the Photogrammetric Section, enables co-ordinates
resulting from the Block Adjustment Programme to be automatically
plotted by map-sheets on a plotting-machine on line with the computer.
This eliminates a tedious and time-consuming task in the map compilation process.
Reprogramming in Fortran IV for I.B.M. System/360
System/360 was first made use of by the Surveys and Mapping Branch in July.
It is a powerful computer as compared with the 1620 and provides a greatly increased memory capacity and speeds up to 12 times faster. By the end of the year,
conversion to Fortran IV, including many minor improvements, had been completed
for the following programmes:—
Old
Programme
SM113
SM114
SM117
New Fortran
IV Programme
LLS113
LTC114
LPS 117
Description
Legal Survey Plan Checking and Traverse Programme.
Reduction of Distance to Horizontal at Sea-level.
Aerotriangulation Strip Adjustment.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 57
Old
Programme
SM124
SM125
New Fortran
IV Programme
LTC 124
LTC 125
— LTC 126
SM133
SM135
LTC 133
LTC 135
Description
Direct and Inverse Geodetic Computations.
Conversion between Geographicals and Polyconic Rectangular Co-ordinates.
Conversion from " Dominion Manual " to Polyconic Rectangular Co-ordinates.
" Cosmos." Adjustment of Mixed Survey Data
in Geographical Co-ordinates.
" Bride." Adjustment of Mixed Survey Data in
Rectangular Co-ordinates.
(Note.—The alphabetic prefixes to programme numbers are: LLS=Lands,
Legal Surveys Division; LPS=Lands, Photogrammetric Section; LTC—Lands,
Trigonometric Control Section.)
At the end of the year the above programmes were all running on System/360;
however, the Branch is still dependent on the 1620 for several programmes. Work
on converting these is in progress and should be completed early in 1968.
Inquiries regarding several programmes have been received from outside survey organizations, and, in accordance with Branch policy, listings of the programmes and instructions for their operation have been made available free of
charge when the outside organization has access to a suitable computer.
Summary of Office Work for the Years 1966 and 1967,
Legal Surveys Division
1966 1967
Number of field books received          654 643
„         lots surveyed       1,013 937
lots plotted          763 589
lots gazetted          828 702
lots cancelled            19 87
lots amended          230 353
„         mineral-claim field books prepared            92 25
„         reference maps compiled or renewed___           35 38
„         applications for purchase cleared       1,302 1,093
„         applications for pre-emption cleared            65 41
applications for lease cleared       4,935 6,026
„         timber sales cleared       4,105 4,247
„         Crown-grant applications cleared       1,069 989
„         cancellations made       3,117 2,149
„         inquiries cleared       1,106 1,268
„         letters received and dealt with       6,488 6,569
„         land-examination plans       2,808 2,753
„         Crown-grant and lease tracings made      6,635 7,759
photostats made  163,714 90,756
diazo prints made  300,458 353,882
offset prints made  435,614 708,588
Xerox  157,278
 DD 58     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
FIELD WORK
Subdivision of Crown Land
Two large acreage parcels were surveyed at Telkwa, two more on the Kettle
River, one at Comox, and parts of several city blocks in Vancouver on False Creek.
This latter work was to facilitate an exchange of lands with the Canadian Pacific
Railway. Another exchange of land at Grand Forks required three acreage parcels
to be surveyed. A small parcel of land on Hope Slough near Chilliwack, which
had virtually gone unnoticed for many years, was brought into the register by
survey.   Small lots created are tabulated as follows:—
Waterfront Lease Lots
Stave Lake  32
Hannah Lake  3 3
Cluculz Lake  92
Fraser Lake  29
Babine Lake  35
Rail Lake  67
Sandspit  19
Total  3 07
Rural Roadside Lots
Cariboo Road near Williams Lake  60
Blackwater Road near Prince George   22
Chilliwack Lake  1
Lytton-Lillooet Highway  1
Total     84
Interdepartmental Surveys
Work for other departments accounted for a larger proportion of our time than
is usual. The Department of Public Works requested and received a topographic
plan and boundary survey at Raleigh Camp, completion of survey and registration
of plans of the Wilkinson Road gaol property, posting of five parking-lots in the
Government Buildings Precinct area in Victoria, a building-site at the Kamloops
Vocational School property, two lots at Abbotsford Agricultural Centre, and one
on McKenzie Avenue in Saanich for a vehicle-testing station.
The Forest Service required forest access roads to be surveyed through Indian
reserves at Paul Lake, on the Harrison Lake-Lillooet River Road, and on the
Chilliwack Lake Road. A radio repeater site and right-of-way to it was surveyed
on the hill north of Grand Forks.
The Parks Branch had us make a survey on Wahleach (Jones) Lake and a
further one at Seton Portage for a historical site.
A large reposting of streets in an area close to Grand Forks was done at the
request of the Department of Highways.
The PubUc Utilities Commission requested the reposting of an old cemetery
at Hazelton.
One large lot of 27 acres was surveyed at Ootischenia for the Land Settlement
Board.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 59
Reposting and Restoration
Although the programme of restoration by a full-time party was again impossible due to lack of a surveyor for this purpose, considerable reposting was again
accomplished in connection with the many varied Departmental surveys carried
out. The legal survey of highways accounted for the bulk of district lot and section
corners which were remonumented this year, the total of which was 181.
Inspections and Miscellaneous Surveys
An inspection survey at Westview was carried out for the Lands Service to
determine ownership of occupied land on the waterfront. Nearby at Myrtle Point
a contested boundary between two properties was run and an opinion given to the
Registrar of Titles.
Two mineral claims in the vicinity of Rock Creek were located and tied in by
survey to quarrying operations, and a report was written.
The relationship of high-water mark at Cowichan Bay and Sidney was determined with respect to subdivision for which certificates were sought under section
102 (3) of the Land Registry Act, and one application rejected.
A survey which was started some years ago as a park-site for the Provincial
Government was abandoned when it was found on survey that the donor did not
own the site. However, the park-site was surveyed and plans prepared for signature
of the actual owner.
Small rights-of-way were surveyed on the Ryder Lake subdivision near Chilliwack, at Grand Forks, Fraser Lake, and at Kamloops.
Other miscellaneous surveys were made at the University Endowment Lands
and at Spences Bridge.
A resurvey of three lots on Cluculz Lake was necessary because of an error
in posting in a survey done years ago for this Department.
Highways
Three survey parties accomplished a total of 60.3 miles of highway surveying.
The bulk of this was carried out by a large party in the Merritt area, which accounted for 34.4 miles. The balance was almost equally divided between parties
on the Northern Trans-Provincial Highway east of Prince George and on the
Kootenay-Columbia Highway between Radium and Golden. Of the latter stretch,
9 miles was tied into the Provincial triangulation system.
 DD 60     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
TOPOGRAPHIC DIVISION
A. G. Slocomb, B.C.L.S., Chief
A continuance of the policy of the Interdepartmental Co-ordinating Committee
on Surveys and Mapping whereby this Division was provided with the necessary
funds for special mapping and survey control needs gave the opportunity for a
very busy year.
The largest of the field parties operated in the north-east portion of the Province with headquarters at Fort Nelson. A continuation of last year's work for the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, it basically was an up-grading of
the triangulation along with precise level control of the whole area between the 60th
parallel, the 120th meridian, and the Alaska Highway, with the south boundary the
only flexible one.   Progress was made to the Fontas River.
One contract was awarded to Klondike Helicopters Ltd. that provided two
Hiller UH12E helicopters for the Fort Nelson area for a period of four months and
one Bell G3 for the Stewart area for a period of three months. Weather is always
a major factor in any contract, and this year was a good example of what it will do
to an operation, the contract having a minimum monthly charge maximum hours
clause. At Fort Nelson, with better than average weather, the maximum hours were
reached in three months, while at Stewart, with poor weather, all the time was used
but the minimum hours flown.
The Department's De Havilland Otter aircraft was used to excellent purpose
during June, July, and August on the Fort Nelson job, then assisted the Stewart crew
in September. It was flown 450 hours, which was 150 hours more than the previous
high record for one year's operation. Full credit for such a successful year must be
given to the pilot-mechanic, who maintains as well as pilots the plane.
The relatively flat muskeg-covered work area of the Fort Nelson project is
laced with seismic cut lines, and it was along these that the traverse and level fines
were run. There was a great contrast in the condition and age of these cut lines, for
they varied in width from 15 to 40 feet and from clear to overgrown. Up-to-date
air-photo mosaics were made of the whole area, but it was impossible to ascertain
from these the condition of the fine, and consequently a great deal of time had to be
spent on reconnaissance for the level and traverse routes. Camp-sites were chosen,
and the bench-marks were located and set ahead of the level crews. After the
traverse route was chosen, the crews set their own monuments as the placing of
these required intervisibility. The two helicopters transported all the men and their
equipment to the camp-sites and were used for reconnaissance, logging 807 hours
between them during the three months they worked.
A system of interconnecting levels was run, and elevations were derived from
the boundary monuments along the 60th parallel and the 120th meridian, and from
the Geodetic Survey of Canada bench-marks along the Fort Simpson Trail. Additional elevations were also derived from bench-marks along the Alaska Highway and
from Imperial Oil Company levels. A total of 216 new bench-marks were set and
levelled, and 57 traverse stations were included in the level runs. The level crews
fly-camped on the seismic lines at the pre-selected camp-sites and worked out in both
directions from there. Fly-camping was a new experience to many of the temporary
summer help, and most of them adapted well to it. Credit should be given to the
instrumentmen, who managed to maintain a high level of morale amongst their
crews, working under very adverse conditions.
The traverses were also run along pre-selected seismic lines, with the angular
work read with Wild T2 theodolites and the distances read with MRA3 telluro-
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 61
meters. All distances of under 1,000 feet were also check-chained. A total of 309
stations was occupied, of which 278 were new stations. Three ties were made to
the British Columbia-Alberta Boundary and one to the British Columbia-Northwest
Territories Boundary, as well as to seven bench-marks, two petroleum and natural-
gas posts, and two right-of-way monuments. Field closures were made on all the
traverse runs and indicated accuracy of 1:10,000 or better.
Worthy of note is the special equipment fabricated in the Air Division workshop that again proved its worth. The traverse crews used a tripod with long legs
that could be extended to give an instrument height of 10 feet. This allowed the line
of sight to be elevated above the scrub which had grown up along the seismic lines,
eliminating a lot of line-cutting. The 6-foot aluminum poles with a sliding bracket
that can be clamped made ideal turning points for the levellers, and many times a
set of three of these driven into spongy footing gave a good set-up for an instrument.
The total complement of this crew was 45, five of whom were permanent-staff
members and the rest temporary summer help, mainly university students.
The second crew operated from Stewart, with a main camp at Surprise Creek
on the Stewart-Cassiar Road. Control was obtained for 17 National Topographic
Series 1: 50,000-scale manuscripts in the Unuk River and the Nass River watershed
areas. Two of our vehicles were used on the road, and the chartered Bell G3 helicopter for mountain landings. A chartered fixed-wing aircraft was used for the Unuk
River area before the Department's Otter aircraft joined them in September.
Topographic survey station " Shale," still standing, erected 1950.   Location south of
Bowser Lake, Nass River area, looking east.
 DD 62     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
This chronic weather area with its high crags and many glaciers is a very difficult part of the Province in which to obtain control for topographic mapping. While
the helicopter is the answer to many of the problems, it was found that not just any
machine will do. The G3 used did the job, but, due to its limited performance, also
posed extra problems for the surveyor in charge. Fine weather is a rare commodity
in this area, and when it comes everything has to be organized to take full advantage
and keep the extra trips to a minimum. Gasoline caches and consumption and the
extra power for high landing and take-off, plus the inability to carry two men and a
load to high places, were a few of the problems this year. In the future it would be
better to make certain that when a similar area is to be surveyed, only a machine of
the calibre of a Bell G3 B1 or better be chartered.
Having one assignment in the Arrow Lakes section of the Province, another
was accepted nearby and the two partially combined. We were committed on a
co-operative effort with the Geodetic Survey of Canada and designed a triangulation
network between the existing geodetic stations at Trail, Creston, and Revelstoke.
Following approval by the Geodetic Survey of this plan, the new stations were
proved up and monumented in the field, using cars or helicopter as required. Our
part of the work was completed on schedule, and the geodetic observing crew commenced its observations immediately, expecting to complete the Trail-Creston loop
this year with the balance to be incorporated into its future programme in British
Columbia.
The extra assignment consisted of establishing a network of stations by telluro-
meter traverse above the take line of the proposed flooding of the Arrow Lakes to
aid in the preservation of existing cadastral surveys. This traverse was to be tied to
a second-order triangulation control network with sides of approximately 10 miles
commencing at the geodetic stations in the south and tying in to those at the north
end of the Arrow Lakes, and will be included in the co-operative survey now in
progress. The traverse stations so set will also be a basis for future cadastral surveys
following the flooding.   Twelve new main triangulation stations were set and 132
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 63
tellurometer control points were fixed, with trigonometric levels carried through
these systems. Fourteen ties were made to the control stations from the triangulation, which has the effect of breaking the lengthy traverse into 14 independent
traverse loops. Up-to-date air photography flown in June allowed field air-photo
identification to be made at each station occupied where practical.
Use was made of boats and cars for transport, and a helicopter chartered from
Okanagan Helicopters Ltd. on a day basis was used for the high stations. Due to
the high temperatures that were reached in this area in August, a forest closure
forbade slash-burning, which was fortunate as it allowed completion of instrument
geodetic triangulation ®
provincial triangulation a
tellurometer   stations    •
 DD 64     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
work on schedule before smoke haze interfered with visibility. Temperature readings of over 100° F. were recorded, which was responsible for some sizeable
meteorological readings for the tellurometers.
Numerous integrated survey projects were worked on during the year. The
first was in the Municipality of the District of Surrey, completing that portion of the
municipality that has now been declared as Integrated Survey Area No. 1. Next
were the Municipalities of the Districts of North and West Vancouver and the City
of North Vancouver. At Nelson, work was accomplished there before moving on
to Cranbrook, to finish the control commenced a year previous. Finally some additional work was completed at the City of Dawson Creek.
Field work was also carried out for nine different mapping requirements for
various departments—namely, a fish-hatchery site near Abbotsford, the Colquitz
Vocational Training School site near Victoria, additional mapping at Saltair for the
Department of Public Works, three dam-sites on the Peace River downstream from
the W. A. C. Bennett Dam, proposed dam-sites at Jordan River for the International
Power and Engineering Consultants Ltd., control for mapping of a flooding area on
the Kitimat River for Water Resources Service, a slide area for the Department of
Highways, an archaeological site on Gabriola Island for the Provincial Museum, and
additional site mapping for the Solarium.
Eight and one-half National Topographic map-sheets, plus two partial sheets,
totalling approximately 2,860 square miles, were compiled in the Photogrammetric
Section. In addition, bridging was completed for the Central E. & N. mapping
and one other map-sheet, Mess Creek 104 G/10. There were 24 large-scale projects, ranging in scale from 100 to 1,000 feet to 1 inch, consisting of 15 for the
Water Resources, 2 for the Department of Highways, 2 for the Department of
Recreation and Conservation, 2 for Regional Planning, 1 for the Department of
Mines and Petroleum Resources, 1 for the Forest Service, and 1 for the Federal Department of Transport.
Delivery was accepted of an Aristo co-ordinatograph during the year, which
has been used extensively, and a change in method whereby an overlay system is
now used to assist the Federal Department to produce the lithograph map-sheets,
requiring four times as many plotting sheets to be prepared. The grids for all the
large-scale plotting are prepared by this machine, and the accuracy and speed that
is possible make this a very welcome addition.
One interesting feature of this year's operation was the bridging of the Mess
Creek map-sheet, mentioned in the synopsis above. First, by a single bridge prepared in the multiplex, using relative orientation only to plot the control and pass
points and to read the elevations of all points required. The sheet is then transferred to the A7 co-ordinatograph, where, using the EK5 automatic features, the
x, y, and z values of all these points are recorded. This information is put through
our I.B.M. strip adjustment programme and finally through the block adjustment, from which is received the final co-ordinates. These results are segregated
by programme into mapping areas and fed to the Calcomp digital incremental
plotter for automatic plotting on paper in half map-sheet form. It is hoped in the
near future to obtain stable base material for this machine and so eliminate the
final step, which is the transferring from the paper to stable base material all of
these plotted positions. This Calcomp plotter, just recently purchased by the
Department of Highways and installed in the Computer Centre, is an enormous
time-saver; for example, there were approximately 900 points on the Mess Creek
sheet, which were plotted in V/i hours. To do this manually it would take one
man approximately six days.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 65
The Draughting Section reports the compilation of 28 standard topographic
manuscripts at the scale of 2 inches to 1 mile and 80 large-scale mapping plans at
various scales. In addition, the plotting of the cadastral survey on 70 Federal
Government 1:50,000-scale manuscripts was completed. One hundred and thirty-
eight mosaics were assembled, 122 of which were of the Fort Nelson project.
These were photo-rectified to scale and sent out to the field party for use in
choosing routes and assisting the crews in many ways. They were the only maps
available that showed the seismic lines. The other 16 mosaics were distributed to
the various departments requesting them. Two integrated survey plans were
completed.
The Federal Government now has 64 of our 1:50,000-scale manuscripts on
hand for printing, which are in various stages of reproduction.
Copies of the photogrammetric large-scale mapping and the completed manuscripts listed following this report are available on request. (See indexes contained
in the envelope attached to the back cover of this Report.)
128°
mosaic completed
124°
120°
128°
124°
Index of Air-photograph Mosaics
Approximate scale of mosaics: 1 inch equals one-half mile. Each mosaic covers
one-half of a National Topographic Series map (example, 94 H/6 E. ¥2.), and the price
of each sheet is 60 cents per copy. Prints available from Legal Surveys Division, Surveys
and Mapping Branch, Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources, Victoria, B.C.
3
 DD 66     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
List of Air-photograph Mosaics Showing Date of Air Photography
Sheet No.
94 A/8, E .....
94 A/16, W.
94G/7	
94G/8 	
94G/9 _	
94G/10 	
94G/15   	
94G/16	
94H/1.W. _
94H/2  	
94H/5   	
94H/6   	
94H/7 	
94H/8 	
94H/9   	
94H/10   	
94H/11   .	
94H/12   	
94H/13   .......
94H/14  .	
94H/15	
94H/16	
941/1  	
941/2 	
941/3  	
941/4  	
941/5 	
941/6 	
941/7 	
941/8 	
94 1/9	
94 1/10	
941/11 	
941/12 .........
941/13 	
94 1/14 	
941/15  	
941/16  	
94 J/1  	
94 J/2	
94 J/3 	
94 J/6	
94 J/7 	
94 J/8 	
..August.
..August
..June-August,
-June-August.
 June.
 June,
 June
 June
..August
-August.
-August.
-August.
-June-August.
-June-August:
.June-August
-June-August,
 June:
 June
 June.
 June.
 June.
 June.
 June.
..June-August,
 June,
 June,
-May-June,
..May-June
 May,
-May,
 September.
..May-September,
 September,
 September,
..May,
..May,
..June-August,
.June-August,
June-August
 June
 June,
 Tune,
Date ot
Air Photo
 1964
 1964
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1964
1964
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1966
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
Sheet No.
94 J/9 	
94 J/10	
94 J/11 	
94 J/12 	
94 J/13 	
94 J/14 	
94 J/15 	
94 J/16 	
94 N/1 	
94 N/8 	
94 N/9	
94 N/16 	
94 O/l 	
94 0/2	
94 0/3	
94 0/4	
94 0/5	
94 0/6	
94 0/7	
94 0/8  	
94 0/9  	
94 0/10 	
94 0/U	
94 O/l2 	
94 0/13	
94 0/14 	
94 0/15 _...
94 0/16
94P/1 	
94 P/2	
94P/3 	
94 P/4 	
94P/5 	
94 P/6 	
94P/7	
94P/8 	
94 P/9 	
94P/10	
94P/11 —
94 P/12 	
94P/13	
94P/14 	
94P/15 	
94P/16	
Date of
Air Photo
 September.
 September,
 May-June,
 May-June,
_May,
..May,
-September,
-September,
..May-June,
...May-June,
 May,
..May,
-September,
..May-June,
..May-June,
-May-June,
 May,
 May,
..May,
-May-September,
..May-September,
 May.
 May,
 May,
 May,
 May,
-May,
-May-September,
..May,
..May,
 September,
..May-September,
..May-September,
..September,
-May-September,
-May-September,
-May-September,
..May-September,
 September,
 September,
.September.
-May-September,
-May-September,
-May-September,
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1967
1967
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
Large-scale Mapping
No.
Name
Available
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
XI
S.P. 1
Goldfields	
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
1"=800', 900',
1,000', 1,320'
1"=200', 600'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=20 ch.
1"=   550'
1"=10 ch.
1"=10 ch.
1"=10 ch.
1"_=1,300'
1"=13 ch.
1"_=   100'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"_=   100'
1"_=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
100'
Mosaic
5'-50', then 50'
5'-50', then 50'
20'
20'
100'
50'
50'
50'
500'
5'
50'
20M0'
5'
50'
10'-20'
10'-20'
50'
5'
Spot heights
18
20
C1)
13
1
1
38
8
6
13
28
73
	
S.P.2
1957
S.P. 3
1958
1
1952
2
1951-52
3
1950
4
1951-52
5
1951
6
7
Kemano 	
1952-53
1951
8
9
10
Moran Dam-site	
Salmo	
1951-52
1952
1952
11
1952
13
1953
14
15
Fraser Pondage	
1951
1953
16
1953
17
1953
18
1953-54
i One map (5e) .
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
DD 67
No.
Name
Available
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
19
20
2t
24
28
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8
M9
Mil
M12
M13
M14
M15
M16
M17
M21
M24
M27
M29
M30
M34
M36
M37
M38
M39
(1957)
M39
(1958)
M39
(1960)
M40
M41
M42
M43
M44
M45
M52
M54
M56
M59
M62
M63
M63A
M66
M67
M68
M70
M73
M73
M74
M75
M76
M77
M83
M84
M88
M88
M89
M89
M90
Doukhobor Lands—
Grand Forks  	
Krestova-Raspberry, etc.	
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1"=   400'
1"=  400'
1"=  400'
1"=:1,320'
1"=   400'
1"_=   500'
1"_=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=_1,320'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"_=   500'
1"=   500'
1"_=1,000'
\"3333     500'
l"s3=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   400'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   600'
1"_=1,000'
1"=   600'
1"=1,320'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1 "=2,640'
V—   500'
1"_=1,320'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
l"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"_=   500'
1"_=   200'
l"z=   500'
1"=   500'
1"__:1,000'
1"=     40'
\"=     40'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   300'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
5'-10'-25'
5'-10'-25'
Planimetric
50'
20'-100'
20'-40'
20'-40'
50'
50'
20'-40'
20'-40'
20'-40'
50'
20'
20'
50'
20'-40'
10'
10'
10'
20'
5'-10'-15'
20'-40'
10'
20'
10'
Planimetric
10'-20'
20'-40'
20'-40'
20M0'
20'
10'
10'-20'
20'
20'
20'
50'
5'
5'
50'
100'
20'
20'
10'
20'-2,600', then 50'
20'
10'
10'
20'
25'
20'
10'
10'
10' and 20'
10' and 20'
20'
2'
2' and 5'
10' and 20'
20'
5'
20'
5'
2
7
1
(2)
11
12
8
6
6
1
1
26
3
48
8
23
11
5
2
7
7
20
8
11
2
4
2
4
5
3
9
16
40
7
3
10
2
8
17
1
10
2
2
98
5
10
4
3
10
48
5
1
25
20
17
4
5
11
5
5
14
15
1953-54
1953-54
1963
1953-54
1954
1954-55
1955
1955
1955
1955
1955-56
1956
1956-62
1955
1955
1954
1954
1954
1956
1954
1955
1956
1958
1956
1956
1957
1957
1956-57
1956-57
1956-57
1959
1960
1956
1959
1957
1956
1958
1958
1958-60
1957
1958
1958
1958
1958-59,
1961-63
1962
1958
1958
1958
1958
1959
1959
1959
1959
1960
1960-61
1960
1960
1963
1964-65
1960
1960
1961
Agassiz (Extension)..  	
Clearwater 	
Willow Creek-   	
Sinclair Mills	
Hobson Lake 	
Moran-Lytton  	
Penticton-Osoyoos
Lower McGregor River
Creston 	
Fruitvale	
Mount Robson	
Dease-Stikine Dam-sites	
Dease-Stikine Dam-sites	
Chilliwack River	
Summit Lake Diversion. _
Peace River Dam-site _.~
Alert Bay	
Prince George East.	
Big Bar  	
Parsnip River Pondage Addi-
Hansard Lake_  	
GlinzLake	
Duncan 	
Oakalla	
Victoria University, Gordon
Head 	
South Okanagan. 	
South Okanagan 	
Similkameen   	
2 See
Map No. 17.
 DD 68     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
No.
Name
M90a
M90b
M92
M98
M100
M100
M105
M107
M108
M109
Mill
M113
M114
M114
M117
M117
M118
M121
M122
M125
M126
M127
M129
M130
M131
M134
M135
M136
M138
M139
M141
M141
M142
M144
M145
M146
M146
M150
M150
M151
M152
M155
M158
M160
M161
M162
M163
M164
M165
M165
M168
M170
M171
M171
M172
M172
M173
M175
M176
M178
M179
M180
M181
M182
M182
M182
M186
M188
M189
Similkameen 	
Similkameen	
Skeena River	
Aberdeen-Haddo Lake	
Essondale	
Essondale 	
Clearwater Lake-Azure Lake
Campbell River  	
Kootenay River	
London   Mountain   (Mount
Whistler)  	
Clearwater River Dam-site	
Nanaimo—  	
Tranquille	
Tranquille— 	
Liard River  	
Liard River Dam-site	
Nitinat 	
Winfleld	
Stuart Lake Pondage 	
Port Hardy— 	
Thompson River	
Parksville	
AlezaLake	
McGregor River Pondage	
Long Lake 	
Kamloops Lake	
Quesnel  _.
Haney 	
Hobson Lake Extension	
Norbury Creek 	
Legislature Precinct, Victoria
Legislature Precinct, Victoria
(under-surface plan) 	
Kaleden	
Marysville.- 	
Kamloops Government
Buildings   	
Brannan Lake School	
Brannan Lake School 	
Prince George Gaol 	
Prince George Gaol	
Prospect Lake  _
Ruby Burn  	
Sechelt    	
Parksville Building Site	
Ladysmith 	
Hudson Bay Mountain _
Haney By-pass.  	
Slesse Creek Bridge	
Saanich Garbage Disposal.....
Saltair Gaol Site—	
Saltair Gaol Site  _..
Peace River Pondage (Find-
lay River) 	
Gibson Pass	
Black Tusk Meadows	
Black Tusk Meadows 	
Chilcotin Road— 	
Chilcotin Road	
Copeland Mountain	
Shuswap Canal Diversion—
Stewart	
Sparwood  	
Niskonlith	
Colwood-Langford  __
Nematode	
Stikine-lskut Pondage	
Stikine-lskut Dam-sites	
Stikine-lskut Pondage _
Revelstoke	
Otter Lake 	
Shuswap-Okanagan	
Available
Scale
Contour
Interval
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
In hand
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
- 200'
- 200'
= 500'
=   500'
- 50'
= 100'
-1,000'
=1,000'
=   500'
= 200'
= 250'
= 500'
_ 50'
= 100'
-1,000'
- 500'
_ 500'
= 500'
=1,320'
=   100'
33     200'
= 500'
= 40'
= 1,000'
= 1,320'
= 1,000'
- 500'
= 500'
=1,000'
= 400'
=     40'
= 40'
= 500'
= 1,000'
= 40'
= 100'
= 50'
- 100'
= 50'
= 200'
= 200'
= 500'
- 600'
= 600'
=1,000'
= 100'
= 300'
= 200'
= 100'
= 200'
=1,320'
= 1,000'
= 200'
= 500'
=   100'
- 200'
= 1,000'
= 200'
=1,320'
= 200'
= 400'
= 200'
= 200'
= 1,000'
= 200'
=1,000'
= 100'
= 200'
=   200'
5'
5'
10'
10'
2'
Spot heights
50'
20'
Planimetric
20'
5'
5'-10'
2'
2'
20'
10'
10' and 20'
10' and 20'
20'
2' and 4'
10'-20'
10'
2'
20'
50'-100'
20'
10'
25'
50'
10'
2'
10'
25' and 50'
2'
10'
2'
10'-20'
2'-5'
2'
5'
20'-50'
20'
20'
50'
2' and 5'
5' and 20'
5'
5'
50'
25'-2,500', then 50'
25'-50'
5'
10'
5'
10'
50'
5'
100'
5' and spot heights
50'
5'
5'
20'
10'
20'-100'
2'
5'
5' and spot heights
No. of
Sheets
Date
19
24
11
4
4
2
6
5
12
3
4
8
2
3
68
7
7
4
9
4
3
5
1
6
4
4
7
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
23
1
1
8
24
1
1
1
1
31
3
2
1
9
16
4
10
2
3
1
25
1
4
53
4
4
3
1965
1966-67
1962
1960
1962
1962
1962
1961
1961
1961
1961
1963
1962
1962
1962
1962
1962
1961
1962
1962
1962
1965
1962
1962
1962
1962
1963-65
1962
1962
1962
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1963
1964
1964
1964
1964
1964
1964
1964
1964
1964
1965
1965-66
1965
1965
1965
1965-66
1965
1965-66
1965
1965
1965
1967
1965
1965
1965-66
1966
1966
1966
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
DD 69
No.
Name
Available
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
M196
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
In hand
In hand
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
In hand
In hand
In hand
Yes
In hand
In hand
Yes
In hand
No
No
No
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"= 1,320'
1"=   500'
1"=:   100'
1"=:     50'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
1"=     16'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   600'
1"=1,320'
1"=     20'
1"=     20'
1"=     20'
5'
25'
10'
2'
5'
2'
10'
20'
20'
25'
20'
20-100 cm.
5'
50'
5'
20'
10'
2'
5'
5'
20'
25'
2'
2'-5'
2'
2
5
3
6
1
5
9
28
7
1
1
1
1
2
3
2
5
1
1966
M 197
1966
M198
1966
M200
1967
M201
1966
M202
1966-67
M204
M.205
M210
Prince George West 	
Nelson-Liard Pondage	
1967
1968
M215
1967-68
M216
Black   Mountain   Irrigation
1967
M217
1967
M218
Hells Gate
1967
M218
Hells Gate 	
1967
M220
M222
M226
Sayward-Beaver Cove	
	
M228
M230
Portage Inlet 	
Peace  River  Dam-sites,   C
1967
M232
M233
M234
Squamish	
Jordan River	
Gulf Islands   .
1968
Government House Grounds
Victoria University Campus_.
1959
1960
1963
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work
Manuscripts complete except as follows:—
* Field work not complete, photo identification of shoreline stations only.
f Field work completed, no manuscript available.
t Compilation completed, no manuscript available.
Sheet
82 F/3 	
82 F/4	
82K/11, W. .
82 K/12	
82 L/7	
82 L/10	
82 M/13 .	
S3 D/4 __	
83D/5 	
83 D/12 	
83 D/13, W. .
92B/5 	
92 B/5, W. .
92B/6.W. .
92B/11, W.
92B/12 	
92B/13  ......
92 B/13 .	
92 B/14	
92 C/8	
92 C/8	
92 C/9	
92 C/9 	
92 C/10	
92 C/10 .......
92 C/ll,
92C/11,
92 C/13,
92 C/14 .
92C/14, E. ...
92 C/15 	
92 C/15 	
92C/16 	
92 C/16, part
92 C/16, part
,E.
, E.
, E.
Date
..1951, 1960
..1944, 1947
  1952
  1952
  1958
  1958
  1959
  1959
  1959
-1959, 1960
  1960
-1937, 1938, 1955
 J1963
  1955
  1955
.1938, 1955, 1963
__1942, 1943, 1951
  fl963
 J1951, 1968
 1937, 1938
.41963
..1937, 1938
 J1963
.1937, 1938
1938
  1938
   1938
 J1965
 1937, 1938
 $1965
.1937, 1938, 1942
  —tl965
   T1965
Sheet
92E/1, E. ...
92E/7.E.  ...
92 E/8	
92E/9 	
92 E/10	
92 E/14	
92 E/16	
92F/1	
92 F/l 	
92F/2 	
92 F/2, part .
92 F/2, part
92 F/3 	
92 F/4	
92F/5  	
92F/6 	
92 F/7	
92 F/7, part .
92F/8 	
92 F/8, part .
92 F/9 	
92 F/10 	
92 F/ll 	
92 F/12 	
92 F/l3 	
92 F/14 .
Date
  1942
  1946
.1943, 1946
-1938, 1940, 1947
   1947
  1948
  1947
 1942,  1943
-tl965
-1938, 1940, 1942
-11965
-T1965
-1938, 1940, 1941
   1942
  1937, 1938, 1943
..1938, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943
 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943
..tl965
-1942, 1943, 1950
 fl965
  1950
 1950, 1953
 1934, 1935
92 F/15, E., part
92 F/16, E., part
92 G/4 	
92 G/5 	
92 G/7, part	
92 G/10, part	
92G/11	
92 G/12	
92 G/13  	
-1936, 1937, 1938
 1935, 1936
   1935
    1950
  1950
 1942, 1943
—- 1950, 1952
-----   1940
-—  1940
  1952
 1950, 1952
 1950, 1952
 DD 70     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work-
Continued
Sheet
92 G/14 --
92H/1 	
92 H/2 	
92H/3	
92 H/4 	
92 1/12 	
92 1/13	
92 J/4, W.
92 J/15	
92 J/16 .
Date
  1952
.1920, 1923, 1950
 1923, 1949
92K/l,E.,part.
92 K/2, E.	
92 K/2, W	
92K/3 	
92K/4 	
92K/5 	
92K/6	
92K/7	
92 K/8, W	
92 K/10, W	
92K/11 	
92K/12 	
92K/13  :	
92 K/14 _...	
92K/15 	
92 L/l  L	
92 L/2 	
92 L/3 	
92 L/4	
92L/6	
92 L/7 .
92L/8
..1924, 1931, 1948, 1949
 1948, 1956
  1958
  1958
 *1962
 1948, 1949
 1948, 1949
  1950
 »1962
 T1961
  1949
  1949
  1949
  1949
   tl961
 *1962
   *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 1932
-1931, 1932
  1948
  1948
.1931, 1934, 1940
   1931
92L/10  	
92 L/l1 	
92L/12 	
92L/13 	
92 M/2	
92 M/3 	
92 M/4	
92 M/5	
92 M/6	
92 M/ll, W.
92 M/12	
92 M/13 	
92 M/14, W.
92 N/1	
92 N/7	
92 N/8	
92 N/9 	
92 N/10 	
92 N/15	
92 O/l 	
92 0/2	
92 0/3	
92 0/4 	
92 0/5 	
92 0/6 	
92 0/7 	
92 0/8 	
92 0/9 	
92 0/10	
92 0/11  	
92 0/12 	
92 0/16 	
92 P/2	
92 P/3 	
92 P/4 	
92 P/5	
92 P/6	
92 P/7 	
92 P/10 	
92 P/ll 	
92 P/12 	
92 P/13 	
92 P/14 	
92 P/15 	
 1931, 1932
1931, 1940, 1956
  1940
-1935, 1936
  1936
 *1962
  1959
  1959
  1959
 _*1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
  1958
 1958
  1958
  1958
  1958
  1958
 1950
  1947
  1958
  1958
 1958
  1958
-1950, 1958
  1950
--  1951
  1958
 1958
  1958
  1951
  1959
 1959
 1958
 1958
  1959
  1959
  1959
 1959
  1958
  1958
  1959
  1959
Sheet
92 P/16 	
93 A/1, E. _.
93 A/1, W. _
93 A/2, E. ._
93 A/2, W. -
93 A/3 	
93 A/4	
93 A/5 	
93 A/6	
93 A/7	
93 A/8 	
93 A/9	
93 A/10, E. .
93 A/10, W.
93 A/11	
93 A/12	
93 A/13 	
93 A/14	
93 A/15	
93 A/16	
93 B/l 	
93 B/6	
93 B/7	
93 B/8	
93 B/9 	
93 B/9, W. ..
93 B/10	
93 B/ll 	
93 B/12	
93 B/13 	
93 B/14	
93 B/15	
93 B/16	
93 B/16, W.
93 C/5 	
93 D/2	
93D/3 	
93 D/4 	
93 D/5 	
93 D/6	
93 D/7, E. ..
93 D/7, W. .
93 D/8 	
93 D/ll, E.
93 E/5, W. .
93 G/2	
93 G/3 ........
93 G/4 	
93 G/5	
93 G/6	
93 G/7	
93 G/10	
93 G/ll	
93 G/12	
93 G/14 	
93 1/8	
93 1/9	
93 1/10 	
93 1/11 	
93 1/12	
93 1/13 	
93 1/14	
93 1/15 	
93 1/16	
93 J/2	
93 J/3 	
93 J/5 	
93 J/6	
93 J/11
93 J/12
93 J/13
93K/1
93 K/2
93K/7
93 K/8
93K/9
Date
  1959
  1959
_41959
.1936, 1959, 1960
-41959
..1959, 1960
1959
1935
1935
-41936, 1959, 1960
-J1959
.41959, 1960
.41934, 1960
41934, 1960
.1933, 1934
-1931, 1933, 1934
  1934
 1933, 1934
 .1934, 1960
 U960
  1951
 . T1963
 T1963
  1952
  1950
 J1965
 tl963
 T1963
 tl963
 tl963
 tl963
 T1963
   1950
 J1965
  1959
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 "1962
 *1962
  1958
•1962
..1958, 1959
 *1962
 *1963
-1933, 1960
  1960
  1960
  1960
. 1960
..1933, 1960
  1960
  1960
  1960
 1948
  1956
  1956
   1956
  1957
  1957
   1957
  1957
  1956
  1956
  1949
  1949
  1961
  1961
  1961
  1961
  1961
  1946
  1946
  1960
  1960
  1960
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 71
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work—
Continued
Sheet
93K/10 	
93K/11 	
93 K/12 	
93K/13 	
93 K/14 	
93 K/15 	
93 K/16 _
93 L/2	
93 L/7 	
93 L/8 	
93 L/9 	
93 L/10	
93 L/ll 	
93 L/14	
93 L/15 	
93 L/16 .	
93 M/l	
93 M/2	
93 M/5 .	
93 M/7	
93 M/8 	
93 M/9	
93 M/10 ..._
93 M/l 1 —
93 M/12 _
93 M/13 —
93 M/14 ..._
93 M/15 __.
93 M/16	
93 N/1 	
93 N/2 	
93 N/3 .	
93 N/4 	
93 N/5
93 N/6	
93 N/7 	
93 N/8 	
93 N/9 —
93 N/10 _
93 N/11
93 N/12 .....
93 O/l	
93 0/4	
93 0/5 	
93 0/6 	
93 0/8 	
93 O/l 1 ....
93 0/12 ....
93 O/l3 —
93 0/14 _
93 P/l 	
93 P/2 	
93 P/3 	
93 P/4	
93 P/5 	
93 P/6 	
93 P/7	
93 P/8 	
94 B/4	
94 C, part ..
94D/1 _	
94 D/2 	
94D/3 	
94 D/4 	
94D/5
94D/6 	
94 D/7 	
94D/8	
94 E, part _
94 F, part .
94 L, part .
94 M, part
102 1/8, E.
1021/9 	
102 1/15 _
102 1/16 _..
..1950
..1935,
Date
.... 1960
.... 1961
— 1961
.... 1961
  1961
_ 1961
.... 1961
.... 1951
..... 1951
„.. 1951
... 1951
1951
1950
  1950
 1962
  1962
  1962
  1963
 1949
  1963
  1963
  1963
  1963
  1963
 1949
 11963
 tl963
 tl963
 T1963
 11962
.-. 11962
 11962
 11962
 11962
.... 11962
 11962
 11962
 11962
 11962
 11962
 11962
  1957
 11961
 11961
  1957
  1957
  1957
  1957
  1957
  1957
  1956
  1956
  1957
  1957
  1957
  1957
  1956
  1956
.1939, 1957
  1939
 11963
 11963
 11963
 11963
 11963
 11963
 11963
 11963
1939
1939
1941
1941
1937
1937
Sheet
102 P/8, E. ...
102 P/9, E. ...
102 P/16, E. .
103 A/1 	
103 A/2, E. ..
103 A/6, E. ..
103 A/7 	
103 A/8 	
103 A/9 	
103 A/10 	
103 A/11 	
103 A/13, E.
103 A/14 	
103 A/15 	
103 A/16 	
103 G/l, E. ..
103 G/7, E. ..
103 G/8 	
103 G/9 	
103 G/10, E.
103 G/15, E.
103 G/16	
103 H/l, W.
103 H/2	
103 H/3 	
103 H/4 	
103 H/5 	
103 H/6 	
103 H/7 	
103 H/8 	
103 H/10	
103 H/15	
103 1/2 	
103 1/7 	
103 1/10 	
103 P/9 	
103 P/10, E.
103 P/14, E.
103 P/l5 .......
104 A/1
.1940,
.1935,
1936,
  1937
.1936, 1937
104 A/2, E. 	
104 A/2, W. 	
104 A/3	
104 A/4 	
104 A/5, E	
104 A/5, W	
104 A/6 	
104 A/7 	
104 A/8 -.	
104 A/10 	
104 A/11, E. _.
104 A/11, W. -
104 A/12 	
104 A/13, E	
104 A/13, W. ...
104 A/14 	
104 A/15 	
104 B/l 	
104 B/7	
104 B/8 	
104 B/9  	
104 B/10	
104 B/l 1  	
104B/12, E	
104B/12, W. ...
104B/13, E. _
104B/13, W. -
104B/14	
104 B/15 	
104 B/16 	
104 G/l  —
104 G/2 ._	
104 G/3 	
104G/4, E. 	
104 G/4, W	
104 G/5, E. 	
Date
 $1961
—$1961
 $1961
 $1961
 $1961
 *1963
 *1963
 $1961
 $1961
 *1963
. *1963
 $1961
 »1963
 *1963
 *1963
 $1961
 $1961
 $1961
—$1961
 $1961
 $1961
 $1961
 *1963
 *1963
—$1961
 $1961
 $1961
 $1961
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
  1949
  1948
  1947
  1949
  1950
 1950
 1950
 11967
 11967
  1950
...... 1950
 11967
 1950
 11967
  1950
 11967
.. 11967
 tl967
 11967
  1951
  1951
 11967
  1951
 11967
 11967
 11967
 11967
 11967
 11967
. 11967
 11967
 11967
 11966
-41965
-11966
-$1965
-$1965
... 1951
... 1951
-41965
.$1965
-$1965
...11966
-41965
 dd 72   department of lands, forests, and water resources
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work—
Continued
Sheet
104 G/5, W. ...
104 G/6 	
104 G/7 	
104 G/8 	
104 G/9 	
104G/10 	
104G/11 	
104 G/12 	
104G/13 	
104 G/14 	
104 G/15 	
104G/16 	
104H/12, W.
104 H/13, W.
104 J/2, W. ....
104 J/3 	
104 J/4	
Date
 11966
—$1965
 $1965
  1951
 1951
 11966
 11966
 11966
 11966
 1951
  1951
 1951
  1951
  1951
  1952
— 1952
.-.. 1952
Sheet
104 J/5 	
104 J/12	
104 J/13	
104 K/16, E.	
104 N/1  	
104 N/2	
104 N/3, E	
104 N/5 	
104 N/6	
104 N/7, W	
104 N/7, E., part
104 N/11, W.	
104 N/12	
104 N/13   	
104 P, part	
104P/15  	
Date
  1952
  1952
  1952
-1952, 1953
..1952, 1953
 1953
 1953
1952
..1952, 1953
 1953
  1953
  1952
 1952
  1952
  1941
 1941
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH DD 73
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
W. R. Young, B.C.L.S., Chief
As indicated by the number of map-sheets reproduced and distributed, volume
of correspondence, and requisitions for maps, the Geographic Division enjoyed a
very active year in 1967. Table E shows that the number of maps issued to Government departments and the general public exceeds six figures by a wide margin,
climbing from 95,540 in 1966 to a record 114,723 in 1967. Correlative to this
20-per-cent upsurge in map distribution was an 18-per-cent increase in letters received and attended to. The value of maps sold and distributed also rose to an
all-time high record of $73,550. As a reflection of the trend during the last decade,
the number of maps distributed in 1957 totalled only 55,167, with a value of
$20,441.
The Division lost the services of its Chief Draughtsman, who resigned in July
to take a teaching position in the Victoria Technical School. We wish him every
success in this new endeavour. There was only one other resignation in September,
from the Trigonometric Control Section. Other personnel changes which occurred
during the year were the promotion of Mr. L. G. Smith (Senior Draughtsman), who
won by competition the Chief Draughtsman's position with a grade of Technician 1.
Two other promotions occurred, of Draughtsman 1 to Draughtsman 2, by successfully passing qualifying examinations after the requisite amount of service.
It was noted in last year's Lands Service Annual Report that in spite of a
backlog of 122 Provincial manuscripts awaiting printing at Ottawa, the number of
Provincial topographic manuscripts prepared and reproduced at 1:50,000 scale by
the Canadian Government, Ottawa, during 1966 was nil. In contrast, the Federal
Government reproduced 62 Provincial manuscripts in 1967 and the backlog fell to
64. These are listed in Table K. Now that the reorganization of Federal mapping
agencies is virtually complete, we anticipate further reduction of the number of
manuscripts awaiting lithography. Major stocks were also received of another 48
half-sheets at 1:50,000 scale which were produced from Federal Government
manuscripts. In addition, a small supply of 20 provisional 1:50,000 sheets, five
1:250,000 sheets, and two 1:25,000 sheets was obtained from Federal Government
mapping agencies.
The Geographical Gazetteer of British Columbia, 1966, was received from
Ottawa for distribution to Provincial Government offices early in the year and for
public distribution through the Queen's Printer, Ottawa, or the Queen's Printer
Bookshop, 657 Granville Street, Vancouver, B.C.
A total of 15 maps was prepared and reproduced by the Geographic Division
in 1967 (see Table H). Seven were entirely new, three were reprints with no revision, one was over-printed with roads, and four were completely revised reprints.
One of the most popular maps ever produced by this Division made its appearance in the latter months of 1967. Map SGS-1 (Vancouver Island) was lithographed at l-inch-to-6-miles scale, the maximum scale that would show the whole
Island on a 30" x 42" sheet. Several factors have contributed to its popularity.
This was the first full map produced by the Geographic Division using the technique
of shaded relief. Also, the 10-colour reproduction allows both cultural and physical
detail to be shown to maximum advantage. Map SGS-1 is further enhanced by the
addition of historical and geographical notations and authentic border illustrations
of Indian artifacts. Besides the Vancouver Island map, four new Provincial land
status sheets at 1:250,000 scale also appeared—namely, 92p (Bonaparte River),
 DD 74     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
93a (Quesnel Lake), 93i (Monkman Pass), and 93J (McLeod Lake). As noted
in the 1966 Annual Report, these sheets complete the replacement of Pre-emptor
Maps 3g, 3j, and 3a. At the end of 1967, only two Pre-emptor Series maps were
still being distributed, 3c (Stuart Lake) and 3e (Peace River). Two new maps at
l-inch-to-2-miles scale were lithographed. These were second status editions of
82L/SE (Sugar Lake) and 82L/SW (Vernon). A road revision was over-printed
on the 1960 edition of 92e (Nootka) so that it may be matched with the newer
adjoining sheets, 92f and 92l.
When Table J (Maps Being Prepared by Geographic Division during 1967)
is examined, it may be seen that with the forthcoming publication of sheets 92n
(Mount Waddington) and 92l-102i (Alert Bay) we will have achieved full land
status coverage at either 1:250,000 or l-inch-to-2-miles scale for all of the heavily
populated part of the Province south of 55° north latitude.
As has been usual in the past, the Geographic Division completed a variety of
special projects for other Governmental departments or the public (see Table F).
Examples of such work are publication of a fourth edition of the British Columbia
Air Facilities Map, metes and bounds descriptions for revised boundaries of school
districts, preparation of strip maps for the Tourist Accommodation Directory, and
road classifications for several Canadian and American publishers of highway maps.
A total of 22 jobs with a combined value of $2,927.13 was recorded.
Though the 48 map-sheets or charts checked for the Canadian Permanent
Committee on Geographical Names was 37 fewer than in 1966, the number of
names checked was 1,590 higher. Three hundred and fourteen new place-names
were recorded on file cards. A six-year statistical resume of work connected with
geographical names is contained in Table D.
The Research Officer made a field trip to the Kamloops area in connection with
revision of Land Series Bulletin No. 6 (Kamloops). He also prepared minor revisions of Bulletins Nos. 2, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 for reprinting, while Nos. 1, 5, and 6
were reprinted without revision to replace depleted stocks. Altogether, 35,500
bulletins were produced by the Queen's Printer in 1967. In addition, a brief outline
of general information for persons interested in applying for Crown land was overprinted on the margin of the fold-out map in Land Series Bulletin No. 11 (The
Acquisition of Crown Lands in British Columbia). This enables the map to be
printed and distributed separately from the bulletin and is particularly useful when
replying to land inquiries of a very casual or general nature.
Two members of the Division journeyed to the Southern Interior for the purpose of checking cultural detail on Maps 92J/NE (Bridge River), 92I/NE (Kamloops Lake), and 82L/NW (Shuswap Lake). The information obtained will appear on the editions of those sheets currently being prepared.
Work completed by the Trigonometric Control Section is summarized in Tables
A, B, and C. Least-square adjustments by the "Groom" (I.B.M. 1620) or
" Cosmos " (I.B.M. 360) computer programmes (Table A) involved 448 triangles
or traverse stations in eight locations. Another major computational programme
using the " Bride " system of least-square adjustment saw 765 traverse stations in
Delta and Surrey processed. Some 220 petroleum and natural-gas well-site plans
were checked in 1967.
Complete Indexes to Published Maps, Indexes 8 to 14, may be found in the
manila envelope attached to the back cover of this Annual Report.
1
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH DD 75
STATISTICAL COMPUTATIONS
Table A.—Least-square Adjustments by " Groom " or " Cosmos " Completed
Net
Locality
Type of
Bearings
Number of
Triangles or
Traverse Stations Involved
True
True
True
True
True
True
True
True
136
126
7
18
52
66
18
25
Table B.—Least-square Adjustments by "Bride " Completed
Net
Locality
Type of
Bearings
Number of
Triangles or
Traverse Stations Involved
Grid
Grid
Grid
42
Delta and Surrey Municipalities	
Nanaimo                                         	
765
Provincial 	
50
Table C.—Records
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
Index cards—
New	
Old (rewritten)..
Total on file	
Requests for control attended to—
917
9
33,291
417
781
6
34,072
341
1,475
293
35,547
389
1,693
1,453
37,240
334
673
2,482
37,913
368
1,184
912
39,097
361
Well-site surveys checked during 1967, 220.
Table D.—Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
35
7,168
215
59
6,821
375
22
6,090
277
93
5,584
402
85
11,428
440
48
13,018
314
 DD 76     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table E.—Map Stock and Distribution
Number of requisitions filled	
Maps issued to department and public-
Maps received into stock	
Total value of maps issued	
1962
1963
10,549
99,324
130,420
$35,391
I
8,700
78,165
116,705
$48,674
1964
I
10,395
88,322
71,178
$58,469
1965
9,429
86,755
107,741
$56,152
1966
9,550
95,540
155,133
$62,977
1967
11,639
114,723
261,314
$73,550.82
Table F.—Geographic Work for Other Departments and Public
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
18
$1,708
18
$1,729
19
$5,213
20
$4,460
23
$4,307
22
$2,927.13
Table G.—Letters
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
8,790
7,274
8,469
7,297
8,007
9,481
Table H.—Maps Prepared and Reproduced by the Geographic Division,
Victoria, during 1967
Map No.
Name
Scale
Remarks
SGS-1
IK
1KL
92E
92f
92j
92p
93a
93i
93j
82 L/S.E.
82 L/S.W.
92 G/S.E.
92 H/N.W.
92 H/S.E.
Vancouver Island (first edition)	
South-western British Columbia planimetric-
South-western British Columbia landforms	
Nootka (first status edition).
Alberni (third status edition)	
Pemberton (third status edition)	
Bonaparte River (third status edition) -
Quesnel Lake (first status edition)	
Monkman Pass (first status edition)	
McLeod Lake (first status edition)	
Sugar Lake (second status edition)	
Vernon (second status edition)	
Langley (second status edition)	
Yale (second status edition)	
Princeton (second status edition)	
1 in. to 6 mi.
1 in. to 10 mi.
1 in. to 10 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
New, 10 colours, contoured.
Reprint, no revision.
Reprint, no revision.
Road over-print only.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
New, seven colours, contoured.
New, seven colours, contoured.
New, seven colours, contoured.
New, seven colours, contoured.
New, seven colours, contoured.
New, seven colours, contoured.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, no revision.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 77
Table I.—Provincial Government Topographic Manuscripts Prepared and Reproduced at 1:50,000 Scale by the Canadian Government, Ottawa, during 1967
Map No.
Name
Map No.
Name
82K/11.W.
Trout Lake (first edition).
93 1/12, E. & W.
Missinka River (first edition).
82 K/12, E. & W.
Beaton (first edition).
93 1/13, E. & W.
Sentinel Peak (first edition).
82 M/13, E. & W.
Raft River (first edition).
93 1/14, E. & W.
Kinuseo Falls (first edition).
92 N/8, E. & W.
Stikelan Creek (first edition).
93 1/15, E. & W.
Kinuseo Creek (first edition).
92 N/10, E. & W.
Razorback Mountain (first edition).
93 O/l, E. &W.
Mount Reynolds (first edition).
92 N/15, E. &W.
TatlaLake (first edition).
93 0/6, E. & W.
Morfee Lakes (first edition).
92 P/4, E. & W.
Clinton (first edition).
93 0/8, E. & W.
LeMoray Creek (first edition).
92 P/5, E. & W.
Jesmond (first edition).
93 0/13, E. &W.
Mount Selwyn (first edition).
92 P/12, E. & W.
Gustafsen Lake (first edition).
93 P/l, E. &W.
Kiskatinaw River (first edition).
92P/13, E. &W.
Chimney Lake (first edition).
93 P/2, E. & W.
Flatbed Creek (first edition).
93 D/7, E.
Bella Coola (first edition).
93 P/3, E. & W.
Bullmoose Creek (first edition).
93D/8, E. &W.
Stuie (first-edition).
93 P/4, E. & W.
Sukunka River (first edition).
93 1/8, E. & W.
Narraway River (first edition).
93 P/7, E. & W.
Sundown Creek (first edition).
93 1/9, E. & W.
Belcourt Creek (first edition).
93 P/8, E. & W.
Tupper   Creek   (second   and  first
93 1/10, E. & W.
Wapiti Lake (first edition).
editions respectively).
93 1/11, E.&W.
MonkmanPass (first edition).
94 B/4, E. & W.
Wicked River (first edition).
104 N/2, E. & W.
Nakina (first edition).
Table J.—Maps Being Prepared by the Geographic Division, Victoria, during 1967
Map No.
Name
Scale
Remarks
lo
lJK
92B/C
92L/102I
92m
92n
93c
93K
103H
82 L/N.W.
92 H/S.E.
92 H/N.E.
92 I/S.W.
92 I/N.E.
92 J/N.E.
East Central British Columbia-
British Columbia Relief Map	
Victoria (second edition). 	
Alert Bay (first edition)	
Rivers Inlet (second edition)..
Mount Waddington (first edition)..
Anahim Lake (second edition)	
Fort Fraser (third-edition)..
Douglas Channel (second edition)-
Shuswap Lake (second edition)	
Princeton (third edition)	
Tulameen (third edition)	
Lytton (second edition)..
Kamloops Lake (second edition)..
Bridge River (first edition)	
in. to 10 mi.
in. to 30 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
in. to 2 mi.
in. to 2 mi.
in. to 2 mi.
in. to 2 mi.
in. to 2 mi.
in. to 2 mi.
In lithography.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In lithography.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In compilation.
In compilation.
In compilation.
In draughting.
In compilation.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In compilation.
Table K.—Provincial Government Topographic Manuscripts Being Prepared at
1:50,000 Scale by the Canadian Government, Ottawa, during 1967
Map No.
Name
Map No.
Name
82 F/3, E. &W.
82 L/7, E. & W.
82L/10, E. &W.
92 1/12, E. & W.
92 1/13, E. &W.
92 L/10, E. & W.
92 M/3, E. & W.
92M/4, E. &W.
92 M/5, E. & W.
92 N/1, E. &W.
92N/7, E. &W.
92 N/9, E. & W.
92 P/2, E. & W.
92 P/3, E. & W.
92 P/6, E. & W.
92 P/7, E. & W.
92 P/10, E. & W.
Salmo (second edition).
Lumby (first edition).
Mabel Lake (first edition).
Lillooet (first edition).
Pavilion (first edition).
Alert Bay (first edition).
Belize Inlet (first edition).
Cape Caution (first edition).
Goose Bay (first edition).
Chilko Mountain (first edition).
Mount Queen Bess (first edition).
TatlayokoLake (first edition).
Criss Creek (first edition).
Loon Lake (first edition).
Green Lake (first edition).
Bridge Lake (first edition).
Deka Lake (first edition).
92P/11.E. &W.
92P/14, E. &W.
92 P/15, E. & W.
92 P/16, E. & W.
93 A/3, E. & W.
93 A/4, E. & W.
93 C/5, E. & W.
93 1/16, E.&W.
93 0/11.E. &W.
93 0/12, E. & W.
93 O/14, E.&W.
93 P/5, E. &. W.
93 P/6, E. & W.
104 K/16, E.
104 N/1, E.&W.
104 N/3, E.
100 Mile House (first edition).
Lac la Hache (first edition).
Canim Lake (first edition).
Mahood Lake (first edition).
Murphy Lake (first edition).
150 Mile House (first edition).
Atnarko (first edition).
Redwillow River (first edition).
Cut Thumb Creek (first edition).
Blackwater Creek (first edition).
Point Creek (first edition).
Burnt River (first edition).
Gwillim Lake (first edition).
Nahlin River (first edition).
Nakina Lake (first edition).
Sloko River (first edition).
 W. A. C. Bennett Dam, September 15, 1967.
B.C. Government air-photo stereogram (for third-dimensional viewing).
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH DD 79
AIR DIVISION
A. C. Kinnear, B.C.R.F., Chief
FLYING OPERATIONS
A total of 83 projects, out of a total of 94 requested, was completed during the
year, with the highest amount of hours flown ever recorded in the Division. Both
Beech aircraft flew a total of 706V2 hours during the flying season to expose 34,540
new negatives covering 67,420 square miles.
The weather during the main flying season was most co-operative in the areas
of highest-priority forest inventory sustained-yield units. Even though the unseasonably cold spring weather delayed the start of field operations about three weeks,
photography in North-eastern British Columbia was completed during April and
May in time for the field survey parties on the ground to make full use of the prints.
The one major project that was not completed was in the Smithers area for ARDA.
This particular project will be carried forward to be completed in 1968.
Ektachrome colour and Ektachrome infra-red films were exposed again this
year with excellent results. The usefulness of these special films has been proven,
and the added cost over standard panchromatic film is justified for special studies.
Again another season of no photographic time loss, owing to aircraft unservice-
ability, has been recorded, which speaks highly of the efficiency and conscientiousness of the maintenance staff and the programme of thorough preventive maintenance.
Early in the year the Department of Transport issued a directive which required
many models of the Beech 18 aircraft (of which ours is one) to have the main spar
X-rayed every 200 hours. Both BCD and BCE aircraft were X-rayed prior to the
field season. Later in the summer the Department of Transport eased this regulation to read every 500 hours instead of every 200 hours. At the present rate of
accumulating time on the aircraft, the next X-ray will come due midway through
the next flying season.
Owing to a leak in the starboard outer gas tank, the BCE aircraft was operated
for approximately the last month of the season at somewhat reduced maximum
range. In effect, it was a reduction of 1 Vi hours in the maximum endurance of the
aircraft. It was decided to continue to operate this way for the remainder of the
season because of the rapid reduction of available photographic light per day at
this time of the year, and because of the problems involved, such as the necessity of
removing the wing in order to repair the tank. The tank is now being repaired and
all other tanks are being checked during the routine winter maintenance.
A lack of experienced air survey pilots during the flying season hampered
operations, and some loss of photographic weather was experienced this year. The
I.F.R. (Instrument Flight Regulations) capability of the photographic aircraft could
not be utilized due to the inexperienced pilots.
Two new Zeiss RMK 30/23 12-inch focal-length air survey cameras were put
into service during the summer and used primarily on the Forest Inventory programme. These cameras were a welcome replacement to the older and unreliable
O.S.C. equipment, and should serve their purpose for years to come. Large-scale
colour photography was also exposed in these Zeiss cameras.
The accompanying graph of hours flown by aircraft of this Division during the
past 20 years shows the record achieved in 1967 and also shows the diversification
of flying operations over these years. Modifying the photographic aircraft with
I.F.R. equipment has allowed the operations to be conducted with more mobility
 DD 80     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
and weather opportunities can be utilized as they occur throughout the Province.
In providing an experienced and conscientious air crew with modern equipment,
high productivity can be expected.
Complete records of accomplishment for the year will be found at the end of
this report.
PLANIMETRIC MAPPING
The plotting of control and compilation of surveys for the mapping of Forest
Service inventory areas was completed for the following sustained-yield units: Fort
Nelson, Kinbasket, Rivers Inlet, Big Valley-Cottonwood, Nootka, Bowron, Sechelt,
and Ashnola-Similkameen. The services of the I.B.M. 1620 computer were used
for the first time in this Division to adjust two long traverse routes in the Ashnola
and Similkameen areas. The results were very gratifying, and it is intended that
more control data will be accommodated in this manner in the future.
Control for 347 20-chain sheets and five 40-chain sheets was plotted during
the year.
Principal-point lay-down sheets (474) were made from nearly 15,000 new air
photos taken during the 1966 and 1967 field seasons, and Kail plotting was completed for 295 sheets.
Final tracings at the 20-chains-to-l-inch scale were completed for 140 map-
sheets in the sustained-yield unit areas as well as 21 map-sheets at the scale of 40
chains to 1 inch in the Quatsino area for the Surveyor of Taxes.
The use of final planimetric maps can be measured by the fact that nearly 6,500
Ozalid prints were made from the final tracings on hand.
The revision of district lot surveys on both the 20-chain and 40-chain sheets
is a task that continually falls behind in accomplishment. The new work of mapping
current sustained-yield unit areas does not allow time to keep revisions up to date,
and consequently, within perhaps a month's time, the map recentiy produced can be
out of date and unreliable. This condition, while recognized, cannot be overcome
with the existing work load.
The final indexing of all new photography taken during 1967 was plotted on
auto-positive sheets for use in the Air Photo Library.
Two special mapping projects, outside the use of this Department, were undertaken for specific purposes. The first was a planimetric map at a scale of 1,000 feet
to 1 inch of the Greater Vancouver watershed area, and the second was the mapping
of a lot on Vancouver Island for the Surveyor of Taxes at both a 20-chain scale and
a 40-chain scale.
This Section has been faced, during the past year, with a particularly heavy
turnover of personnel. Promotions and transfer of experienced mapping assistants
to other departments and the resignations of junior personnel have resulted in a loss
of accomplishment. More time has been expended this year, and will continue into
next year, by the remaining senior members on training the replacement staff.
The retirement of Mr. E. P. Creech, Technician 2, in charge of this Section,
was marked by many tributes by all of his friends in Surveys and Mapping Branch.
Mr. Creech leaves the Division a monument of ability and integrity that will long
be remembered. Mr. L. D. Hall, Mapping Assistant 4, was appointed to succeed
Mr. Creech on June 12, 1967.
INSTRUMENT-SHOP
A year of high production, including maintenance of existing equipment and
the design and building of specialized instruments, is recorded in the Instrument-
shop.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 81
Among the items requiring considerable time and technical competence was
the system developed for the Department of Highways to record highway features
on 16-mm. film from a moving vehicle. The Department of Highways provided
a Bolex 16-mm. movie camera, and the Instrument-shop designed and built the
auxiliary equipment necessary to convert the camera to an automatic recorder. A
total of 475 man-hours was expended on this project alone, but if it provides the
information necessary for safer highway design, the time was well spent.
Another highly technical and specialized project was the work done on the
Forest Service Linhof 70-mm. cameras for stereo-photography from a helicopter.
Considerable modifications were required to convert these cameras for this purpose,
and the results should be evident during the next field season. These cameras were
not designed with a photogrammetric purpose in mind, and some optical readjustments had to be made. For example, new fiducial marks were manufactured in the
Instrument-shop and installed in both cameras, after which they were placed in
a collimator for assessment and measurement. A photograph of this procedure is
shown below.
^*-TMTrnaT.B_jM>
Seventy-mm. Linhof camera, used for helicopter air photography, mounted for testing
in Instrument-shop collimator.
Considerable investigational work was carried out in addition to actual construction and maintenance projects. Tests for determining optimum exposures on
Ektachrome colour and infra-red film for both 9-inch and 70-mm. sizes were conducted and served to reduce field testing times.
Sensitometric values were studied on processed panchromatic film to determine
variances caused by the rewind system of air-film processing. As a result of these
studies, a change in chemical formula for processing was indicated, and a suggested
change in field exposure settings would allow a greater latitude for field operations.
 DD 82     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
The end result was a photographic print that gave a greater tonal range with better
definition throughout.
A total of 144 projects was completed in the Instrument-shop this year, among
which were redesign and start construction of two new epidiascopes; design and
construct a new print-drying " whirler "; construct a new aircraft camera mount to
install either the Wild 6-inch or the Zeiss 12-inch camera; adapt survey bolts and
equipment for use in the survey of North-eastern British Columbia; service electronic
printers in Process Laboratory; repair and adjust Forest Service binoculars and
hand-compasses.
The Instrument-shop is rapidly moving into the area of scientific development
of equipment and methods to be used in the future. The new camera equipment
now in use in Air Division aircraft has resulted in a decreased amount of camera
maintenance required, and the shop personnel can devote its talent to the more
sophisticated pieces of equipment required in Surveys and Mapping Branch.
Modern methods require modern equipment and techniques, and we are fortunate
in having an Instrument-shop that can make this transition.
AIR PHOTO LIBRARY
Total revenue from the sale and loan of air photographs was slightly over
$75,000 this year in spite of the decreased demand for reprint purchases. The loans
increased to 105,994 copies, some 9,000 prints over last year.
While total figures may vary from year to year and become interesting statistics
to analyse, the over-all use of the Air Photo Library continues to play a prominent
roll in the function of this Division. This use is evident in the graph at the end of
this report showing the total sale and loan of air photos during the past 20-year
period.
One of the gratifying uses of air photos today is in the elementary- and
secondary-school systems throughout the Province. More and more requests are
being handled in the library from teachers preparing social studies and geography
assignments for their students.
Stereograms of geographical features are being made in the library for use,
particularly, in schools throughout the Province. These stereograms are reprinted
on 10" x 10" photographic paper and are being sold at the current price of an air
photo. It is intended to produce more of these stereograms as interesting geological
features are seen.
Complete statistics for traffic through the library will be found at the end of
this report.
PROCESS LABORATORY
The total production of 10" x 10" reprints during 1967 did not reach the peak
achieved in 1966, but the figure of 184,527 is still impressive.
The accompanying chart shows the production rate of reprints since 1947,
when the Process Laboratory was first organized, and the figures speak for themselves.
In anticipating the continuing use being made of British Columbia Government
air photos, a second electronic printer was put into service during the year and is
producing the same high-standard print as the original Cintel printer. This type of
equipment not only allows the production of mass-produced quality reprints, but it
reduces the time customers formerly had to wait for reprint service.
Infra-red Ektachrome positive film was processed, giving excellent results for
studies in forest entomology, and Ektachrome colour positive film was processed
for orchard studies by the Department of Agriculture.   The many uses being dis-
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 83
covered for various colour films brings this medium in from the experimental stage
to a full production basis, and more of this type of film will be required in the future.
Production figures for all services of the Process Laboratory will be found at
the end of this report.
STATISTICS
1967 Air Operations Cost Summary by Projects
<£
Accomplishment
-.6
§£&
Z, O M
3S
cs
So
so
•c.9
0<U
US ~
o o
■ Blocks
A. 40-chain vertical cover—
1. New    cover    (topographic) ■
94 G, H, I, J, N, and O	
2. Revision—■
Agriculture Department—ARDA
Surveyor of Taxes—Block 94a	
Sub-totals	
Totals 	
Average cost-
B. 20-chain vertical cover, Surveys and Inventory Division—
1. New cover—
Ashnola-Similkameen P.S.Y.U	
Fort Nelson P.S.Y.U	
Kinbasket P.S.Y.U	
Nootka P.S.Y.U	
Rivers P.S.Y.U	
Sub-totals	
Revision—■
Big Valley-Cottonwood P.S.Y.U...
Bowron P.S.Y.U	
Lardeau P.S.Y.U	
Sechelt P.S.Y.U	
Sub-totals..
3. Improvement flying, all districts-
Totals	
Average cost	
C. Special projects—
Agriculture Department-
Fruitlands	
■ Okanagan
Chief Forester—Walhachin-Savona..
District Foresters—Forest burns	
District Forester, Nelson—
Bloom-Gilnockie Creeks..
Bonanza-Murphy-Sheep Creeks..
Fennell Creek 	
Horsethief Creek	
Kid-Blackshanty-Lamb Creeks..
Lassie Lake-West Kettle River _
Lussier-Coyote-Whiteswan	
Shannon-McDonald Creeks	
St. Mary-White Rivers  __
Yahk-Hawkins Creeks.. 	
Federal Forestry Department—Aphid forest damage	
Forest Engineering—
AhbauEast	
B arriere 	
Cayoosh Creek-
Flathead-Sage—.
Fly Hills	
Harrison	
Howser Creek..
McLeod-Tsilcoh	
Nation River-Aiken Lake-
Peace Pondage 	
Stellako River  	
Willow River	
Hr. Min.
90 20 [ 3,845119,685
$5,883.031 $7,277.64| $13,160.67
144 45
18 15
4,515 21,180
635   3,080|
I
$9,426.96| $8,545.77| $17,972.73
1,188.54|    1,201.90|      2,390.44
163 00 | 5,150|24,260|_
$10,615.50| $9,747.67 $20,363.17
253 20
8,995
$3.73
29 40
2,505
91 50
6,375
74 35
5,695
25 20
1,910
11 00
780
43,945|_
$0.76|..
$16,498.53 $17,025.31
2,895]-
7,530|-
5,005|..
3,040|..
1,0351-
$1,932.07
5,980.72
4,857.30
1,649.85
716.38
$4,741.35
12,066.30
10,779.22
3,615.16
1,476.35
$33,523.84
$6,673.42
18,047.02
15,636.52
5,265.01
2,192.73
232 25 | 17,265[19,505|.
$15,136.32|$32,678.38| $47,814.70
I
12 00 |
12 45 j
12 50 |
13 40 |
I    I
1,120| 1,370|
360|  325
775 [  625
1,2851 1,650
$781.51
830.36
835.78
890.05
51 15 [ 3,540| 3,970]..
$2,119.88
681.39
1,466.88
2,432.19
$2,901.39
1,511.75
2,302.66
3,322.24
$3,337.70 $6,700.34| $10,038.04
9 50
293 30
2 00
1 00
7 20
45
1 00
1 00
40
45
2 00
1 00
1 45
1 00
2 50
4 35
40
40
1 30
45
2 25
25
1 25
1 45
30
13 25
6 00
40
195|._
21,000 23,475
$2.80 $2.51
183
7
295
27
51
16
38
23
76
66
69
55
106
82
21
64
50
59
16
30
60
75
22
209
68
19
$640.40|  $369.09
$19,114.42 $39,747.81
108
5
176
17
23
10
24
33
63
44
44
35
34
11
45
33
44
12
21
45
63
19
330
42
14
$130.25
65.13
477.59
48.85
65.13
65.13
43.42
48.85
130.25
65.13
113.97
65.13
184.52]
$346.37
13.25
558.36
51.10
96.53
30.28
71.92
43.53
143.85
124.92
130.60
104.10
200.63
I
298.49|  155.21
I
43.42|
43.42
97.69
48.85
157.39
27.13
92.26
113.97
32.56
873.77
390.75
43.42
$1,009.49
$58,862.23
$476.62
78.38
1,035.95
99.95
161.66
95.41
115.34
92.38
274.10
190.05
244.57
169.23
385.15
453.70
39.75
83.17
121.14
164.56
94.64
192.33
111.67
160.52
30.28
187.67
56.78
83.91
113.57
205.83
141.96
255.93
41.64
74.20
395.59
1,269.36
128.71
519.46
35.96
79.38
 DD 84     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
1967 Air Operations Cost Summary by Projects—Continued
u f
p
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<X3
Accomplishment
oo
as
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C. Special projects—Continued
Geographic Division—
Hr. Min.
1 00
15
4 45
1 00
45
2 00
35
3 50
25
35
2 15
2 55
20
3 50
50
30
2 05
55
1 10
1 45
2 00
25
50
50
25
30
2 25
2 15
35
50
30
15
1 05
1 00
15
3 00
2 00
2 45
45
2 00
6 00
15
15
30
2 25
50
55
3
215
5
16
45
2
239
1
9
79
29
64
12
24
64
92
13
164
37
11
96
34
26
100
66
12
8
13
14
14
26
20
4
$65.13
16.28
309.35
65.13
48.85
130.25
37.99
249.65
27.13
37.99
146.53
189.95
21.71
249.65
54.27
32.56
135.68
59.70
75.98
113.97
130.25
27.13
54.27
54.27
27.13
32.56
157.39
146.53
37.99
54.27
32.56
16.28
70.55
65 13
$104.10
5.68
406.94
9.46
30.28
153.31
92.74
158.99
26.50
47.32
189.28
255.52
24.61
405.06
79.50
34.07
219.56
83.28
68.14
117.35
166.56
32.18
24.61
32.18
30.28
35.96
62.46
162.78
11.36
15.14
5.68
9.46
162.78
$169.23
21 96
Greater Vancouver Water District—Van-
716.29
74.59
79.13
283.56
130.73
408.64
53.63
85.31
335.81
445.47
Highways Department—
Hells Gate-                    	
	
81
49
84
14
25
100
135
13
	
Land Inspection Division—
Callaghan Creek 	
Cormorant-Malcolm Islands	
	
	
214
42
	
654.71
133.77
66.63
355.24
142.98
144.12
231.32
296.81
59.31
78.88
86.45
57.41
68 52
18
116
44
36
62
88
17
13
17
16
	
19
33
86
6
8
3
5
86
219.85
Mines and Energy Resources Department
Public Works Department—
49 35
2
1
1
70
38.24
25 74
Surveyor of Taxes—
233 33
65 13
Topographic Division—Gabriola Island—.
Water Resources—
Black Mountain Irrigation District
5
60
1
38
16.28
195.38
130.25
179.09
48.85
130.25
390.75
16.28
16.28
32.56
157.39
54.27
9.46
113.57
198.74
236.59
102.21
177.92
501.58
11.36
5.68
37.86
539.43
22.71
25 74
308 95
105
	
120
328.99
1251	
541	
65
28
30
200
2
1
5
215
10
415.68
151.06
94
265
6
3
20
285
12
308.17
892.33
Internal—
27.64
21.96
70.42
696.82
White Rock        	
76.98
Totals	
124 30
4,545
$3.68
3,490
$4.79
$8,108.16
$8,602.57
$16,710.73
Average cost	
D. Miscellaneous flying—
Highways   Department — Administration
flights -	
3 30
4 55
5 05
4 20
2 30
14 50
$227.94
320.20
331.06
$227.94
Mines Department—Oblique photography
Internal—
320.20
331.06
Training!	
 1:..	
	
Totals	
35 10 I _|	
$879.20
$879.20
706 30
34.540167.420
3,490
$44,600.31
$65,375.69
$109,976,002
i Cost of maintenance and training charged to all projects.
2 Does not include purchase of two Zeiss RMK 30/23 aerial survey cameras.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
DD 85
np
FIYIMR    OKI
PHOTOGRAPHIC   OPERATIONS   BY
/
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FOREST    INVEN1
SPECIAL   PROJE
'
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— \'\j mm
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1946  47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58
63   64   65   66   67
Orders for Standard Prints (9 by 9 Inches) from
British Columbia Negatives, 1967
Reprints
Requisitions       Number
Loans
Requisitions       Number
Public—
Individuals.
Companies.-
Mining-
Universities and schools-
Towns and cities-
Commercial air surveys..
Real estate	
Forest industries	
Totals-
Federal Government—
Department of Energy, Mines, and Resources-
Fisheries Department	
ARDA	
Miscellaneous-
Totals	
Provincial Government—
Land Inspection Branch	
Surveys and Mapping Branch	
Water Resources Service	
Forest Service	
Department of Highways	
Department of Finance	
Department of Agriculture-
Department of Mines-
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority-
Regional Planning Board-
Department of Recreation and Conservation-
Miscellaneous	
Totals..
Grand totals..
972
216
631
229
44
143
53
364
2,652
49
12
45
73
179
226
52
203
89
36
27
28
16
7
33
12
809
3,640
4,034
2,476
24,921
5,644
1,395
2,438
138
9,872
50,918
3,512
312
8,543
420
12,787
10,872
24,989
1,860
75,414
2,060
2,777
1,092
898
166
150
401
143
120,822
184,527
134
39
216
26
6
35
17
136
609
219
16
242
55
142
63
526
191
21
15
18
9
18
184
16
1,258
I
1,762
511
7,072
624
38
423
130
2,563
13,123
49
35,825
399
36,273
258
25,174
1,291
22,781
2,802
218
61
335
101
107
3,401
69
56,598
2,109     105,994
 dd 86   department of lands, forests, and water resources
Public Loans and Reprints
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
12,568
27,281
16,727
35,385
13,033
53,141
15,680
61,276
13,123
50,918
Tnt-ls
39,849
52,112
66,174
76,956
64,041
Letters Inward and Loan Requisitions
Letters inward	
Loan service requisitions
Cash sales	
Loan fees	
Land accounts	
Total	
Revenue
3,124
564
$7,370.51
4,826.68
63,126.40
$75,323.59
30,000
SALES
AIR  SURVEY DIVISION
GOVT	
PUBLIC     	
LOANS
GOVT	
PUBLIC	
/
/
\
DISTRIBUTION   OF AIR   PHOTOGRAPHS
i
'■
1
/
\
(EARLY    RECORDS     INCOMPLETE)
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•
•
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1948      49 50 51 52        53        54        55        56        57        58        59        60        61 62        63        64        65        66        67
 surveys and mapping branch
Process Laboratory, Production Record to 1967
DD 87
1946-64
1965
1966
1967
Grand
Total
Processing completed—
Air films—
R.C. 8, O.S.C., Zeiss..
F24 and Eagle..
F24 and obliques..
Test rolls —
Colour films (R.C. 8 and Zeiss) _
70-mm. black and white	
70-mm. colour	
Topographic—
116... 	
K20 (Dominion Hydrographic)	
Printing completed—
Standard prints, 5 by 5 inches enlarged to 10
by 10 inches
Contact prints, 5 by 5 inches	
Kenora prints, 9 by 9 inches reduced to 5 by
5 inches	
Contact prints, 10 by 10 inches	
Contact prints, 20 by 24 inches and larger-
Enlargements, up to 40 by 96 inches	
Topographic, 11 by 14 inches..
Lantern slides, 2 by 2 inches and stereo	
Autopositive films, up to 40 by 42 inches-
Film transparencies, up to 40 by 46 inches	
Film transparencies (photo drawings)	
Kelsh   (A7,  A8)   and miscellaneous  ground
negatives	
Requisitions completed	
411
2,821
74.5
23
5.5
1,860
100
3,866
5
1,849,725
46,087
4,132
289,874
3,758
26,421
22,390
384
8,128
1,019
4,311
33,403
116
5
1
3
2
800
112.5
3
140.5
3
75
2
56,831
2
1
875
650
78
2
56,960
1.5
5
1,200
143,855
1
1,752
114
183,419
22
1,160
1,184
82
83
74
336
578
3,263
359
3,616
3.5
39,810
144,717
2
1,301
66
228
182
19
980
3,976
780
2,832
75.5
29.5
13.5
4,735
750
4,019
12.5
2,003,362
46,087
4,132
761,901
3,783
30,634
23,754
384
8,512
1,620
19
6,228
44,258
50,000
/
\
'  '
AIR    SURVEY   DIVISION
PROCESSING    LABORATORY
PRODUCTION    OF     9"X9"   PRINTS
1947   to   1967
IIII!!
  UNIVERSITY
ENDOWMENT LANDS
  UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
DD 91
UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
M. E. Ferguson, Project Manager
As there was no change in our general administration nor implementation of
legislation to set up the proposed development corporation, this annual report will
be confined to rather normal events relative to our maintenance and operation.
The Department of Highways completed the first section of South-west Marine
Drive, which was started in 1966. In addition, they cleared the right-of-way for
most of 16th Avenue. Unfortunately, funds were apparently not available to proceed with 16th Avenue nor extend the Marine Drive portion, with the result we
have encountered rather difficult traffic problems and a sharp increase in motor-
vehicle accidents. With the continued increase in attendance at the University, it is
obvious our traffic problems will continue to grow until 16th Avenue is completed
and South-west Marine Drive is constructed to connect to the parking areas on
campus.
New construction in the area was naturally limited as there are no vacant residential lots available. Two new fraternity houses were constructed, and one shopping centre of stores and offices started. The balance of building construction was,
in the main, for swimming-pools and remodelling of older homes.
Final details were completed and an agreement signed to provide cablevision
in the area. The coaxial cable servicing most of the area where the installation is
to be underground has been installed, and it is now anticipated the overhead lines
will be installed early in 1968.
Some difficulties were encountered in delivery of the 30-inch steel pipe for the
new water main to be located on 16th Avenue. The 12-inch main from Cleveland
Way to the university campus was completed during the summer, and delivery of
the larger main is now anticipated for early 1968.
The new Fraser-Burrard Regional Hospital District was brought into being
during 1967, with the result the University Endowment Lands will contribute financially through general taxes to hospital costs in this regional district. The representative on the board for the University Endowment Lands is Mr. A. C. Kelly, who is
also Chairman of the University Endowment Lands' Ratepayers Committee.
Regarding taxes in the area, the general tax mill rate was increased 0.25 (Va, )
of a mill although the school tax rate increased almost 4 mills. Present indications
are that 1968 will see the first major increase in general taxes in several years, but
this is only to be expected when one considers the fact the general mill rate in 1959
was 17.80 mills and the 1967 rate was only 18.01 mills.
The following tabulation shows comparative figures for the past 10 years regarding revenue, plus a summary of building permits.
Number and Value of Building Permits Issued for the
Calendar Years 1965, 1966, and 1967
1965
1966
1967
Number
Value
Number
Value
Number
Value
1
2
1
9
2
5
1
$354,894.00
63,000.00
70,000.00
1
1
11
1
2
i
5
1
1
2
li)
1
1
5
$150,000.00
$66,087.00
135,000.00
69,700.00
3,000.00
5,000.00
235,000 00
40,800.00
71,800 00
150 00
16,377 00
42,000.00
1,500.00
3,350.00
4,000.00
Garages, etc	
Swimming-pools                               	
4,785.00
5,000.00
6,648.00
Totals              	
21
$580,479.00
23
$287,637.00
20
$479,975.00
 DD 92     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS,
FORESTS
>
AND WATER RESOURCES
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^.0\CKc\0\0\OvOvO\Ov
 LAND SETTLEMENT
BOARD
  LAND SETTLEMENT BOARD
DD 95
LAND SETTLEMENT BOARD
During the year the sales made by the Board amounted to $42,484.36. One
hundred and twenty-two purchasers completed payment and received title deeds,
and one borrower paid up in full and received release of mortgage. Collections
were as follows:—
Loans	
Land sales	
Miscellaneous revenue
Total
$1,192.07
80,275.63
40,787.38
$122,255.08
The above figures include collections from the sale and rental of Doukhobor
lands in the amount of $66,737.92.
Negotiations were completed for the sale of certain lands, situated south of
Brilliant, to Selkirk College for regional college purposes. Additional lands adjacent to the college-site were leased for use as playing-fields and for recreational use.
Registration of plans of subdivisions of areas in the vicinity of Krestova, which
were surveyed in 1966 in an endeavour to meet the demands of those Doukhobors
who were desirous of acquiring property at this location, enabled the Board to continue the sale of lands as recommended by Justice Arthur H. Lord, who was appointed as a sole Commissioner to investigate Doukhobor lands under the provisions
of the Doukhobor Lands Allotment Inquiry Act. The majority of the lots in these
subdivisions have been sold.
  PERSONNEL OFFICE
  PERSONNEL OFFICE
DD 99
PERSONNEL OFFICE
K. M. Hanson, Personnel Officer
1967
1966
1965
1964
Recruitments for continuous staff-	
55
39
19
11
17
43
3
77
12
55
42
22
7
12
44
5
58
~
45
12
23
3
9
28
2
55
25
18
4
6
Transfers tn nther department'
7
15
Retirements
1
42
Upon referring to the table of statistics, the year 1967 compared favourably
with the previous year in that turnover remained as high and considerable activity
was noted in reclassifications, recruitment, and promotions to other departments.
The establishment of the Department remained stable this year, as no new
positions were added.
Considerable interest has been shown by the staff of the Land Inspection Division in the appraisal course offered each year. In 1967 nine Deputy Land Inspectors and nine Land Inspectors took lectures and examinations at Parksville from
March 5th to 17th (Appraisal II). Other members of the staff endeavouring to
improve themselves included Messrs. R. H. McAra, K. M. Bridge, B.C.L.S., and
P. J. Brennan, B.C.L.S. These employees were awarded Diplomas in Public Administration, having completed the three-year Executive Development Training
Plan. Other personnel taking this course are Messrs. D. M. Thorn (third year),
A. F. Smith (second year), V. Knapick, R. S. Oberg, and R. Paine (first year).
Messrs. G. H. Fielding and W. Fry completed the correspondence course in Basic
Public Administration.
The year 1967 compared favourably with 1966 as far as promotions and reclassifications were concerned, with 19 promotions and 39 reclassifications. The
most significant of these was the promotion of Mr. R. Torrance to Deputy Minister
of Lands. Others either reclassified or promoted included Mr. D. Borthwick, Superintendent of Lands, to Director of Lands; Mr. W. R. Redel, Assistant Superintendent of Lands, to Co-ordinator, Lands Service; Mr. F. M. Cunningham, Assistant
Chief Land Inspector, to Assistant Director of Lands; Mr. A. F. Smith, Administrative Officer 3, Land Administration, to Assistant Chief Land Inspector; and
Mr. G. H. Wilson, Land Inspector 4, to Administrative Officer 3, Land Administration. In the Surveys and Mapping Branch, Messrs. L. D. Hall, D. K. Reed,
C. H. Salmon, and L. G. Smith received reclassifications to their present positions.
This year saw the retirement of three long-service employees. These were
Mr. E. W. Bassett, Deputy Minister (41 years); Mr. E. P. Creech, Technician 2,
Air Surveys Division (46 years); and Miss C. Stephenson, Senior Clerk, Land
Settlement Board (42 years).
In March, 1967, Mr. J. S. D. Smith, Land Inspector, Nelson, died at the age
of 42. His untimely death followed 15 years' service with the Land Inspection
Division.
    MAIL AND FILE ROOM
DD 103
MAIL AND FILE ROOM
David S. Preston
Letters received in the Department during 1967 amounted to 247,791, compared to 237,688 in 1966, an increase of 4.25 per cent.
The drop shown in the attached table of new files created does not necessarily
mean there were less files set up for correspondence, because many file requests can
be handled by reinstating number designations of microfilmed files.
Additional shelving has been constructed in the Topaz Avenue storage vault,
and segregation of the less-active material in the main filing vault for transmission
to the Topaz vault is now under way. It is anticipated that the new shelving in the
Topaz vault will provide filing space for two or three years. Ultimately, possibly
within five to seven years, there will require to be a second microfilming of completed and inactive files.
Letters Inward
Branch
1966
1967
10-year Average,
1958-67
58,813
125,563
31,186
22,126
57,879
132,428
32,362
25,122
48,386
Forests	
141,927
27,547
20,473
Tntals
237,688
247,791
238,332
Letters Outward (Recorded) *
Branch
1966
1967
10-year Average,
1958-67
9,943
2,150
3,916
12,025
1,916
4,500
13,707
Forests
Water Resources  ~	
1,941
2,965
Totals
16,009
18,441
18,613
1 Interoffice, agency, general inquiries, requests for maps, etc., not recorded.
Miscellaneous Reports
Designation
1966
1967
10-year Average,
1958-67
Forest-fire reports..
Logging-inspection reports	
Land-classification reports	
Stumpage-adjustment notices-
Totals	
1,967
11,048
6,192
2,935
22,142
3,216
8,761
5,920
3,455
21,352
4,662
13,502
4,489
3,538
26,191
 DD 104   DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
New Files Created
Designation
1966
1967
10-year Average,
1958-67
"O" files
6,983
1,550
1,472
5,865
1,449
1,148
6,108
1,400
2,345
Tntsi.5
10.005           1              8.462
9,853
Film reference, 1,779.
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1968
1,030-368-2444

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