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REPORT of the LANDS SERVICE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31 1968 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1969

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Full Text

 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Hon. R. G. Williston, Minister D. Borthwick, Deputy Minister of Lands
REPORT
of the
LANDS SERVICE
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31
1968
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1969
  Victoria, British Columbia, March 3, 1969.
To the Honourable John R. Nicholson, P.C, O.B.E., LL.D., LL.B.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of the British Columbia Lands Service of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for
the year ended December 31, 1968.
R. G. WILLISTON,
Minister of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources.
 Victoria, British Columbia, March 3, 1969.
The Honourable R. G. Williston,
Minister of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources,
Victoria, British Columbia.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the British Columbia
Lands Service of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources for the
12 months ended December 31, 1968.
D. BORTHWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
 HNHHHBMMn--...
Helmcken Falls, Wells Gray Park.
  CONTENTS
Introduction by the Deputy Minister of Lands   ..
Page
.    9
Accounting Division  15
Lands Branch—
Director of Lands	
Land Inspection Division.
Surveys and Mapping Branch—
Surveyor-General	
Legal Surveys Division	
23
32
49
51
Topographic Division  58
Geographic Division-
Air Division	
University Endowment Lands.
Personnel Office	
Mail and File Room	
69
75
85
89
93
COVER PHOTO
View north along the Rocky Mountain Trench,
Columbia River, near Radium Hot Springs.
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 Report of the British Columbia Lands Service
D. Borthwick, B.S.A., B.Ed., A.A.C.I., Deputy Minister of Lands
It is noted with regret than a fine and able administrator, Mr. R. Torrance, died
suddenly on April 3, 1968, after only a brief tenure of the office of Deputy Minister
of Lands. No words can fully convey the scope and thoroughness of his abilities
nor can they adequately describe the loss felt by his associates.
Mr. G. S. Andrews, Director of the Surveys and Mapping Branch and Surveyor-
General since 1951 and Boundaries Commissioner since 1952, retired in the fall of
1968. Mr. Andrews' pioneer work in the field of aerial surveying will always remain a credit both to him and to his profession.
Besides the offices of Deputy Minister of Lands and Director of Surveys and
Mapping, new incumbents occupied several other senior staff positions, notably
those of the Director of Lands, Co-ordinator—Lands Service, Assistant Director
of Lands, Chief of the Air Division, and Assistant Chief Land Inspector. The
organization chart immediately preceding this introduction shows the main administrative framework of the Lands Service.
The past year marked a continuation of the industrial expansion, settlement
growth, and demand for recreational space which have characterized British Columbia's recent history. These processes have been active in various degrees throughout the entire area of the Province, not just confined to a few regions, and inevitably
they have had an impact on the essential functions which the Lands Service contributes to Provincial development. Primary information in the form of survey
detail, aerial photographs, site plans, and maps originates in the Surveys and Mapping Branch, whereas the Lands Branch is the agency through which Crown lands
are appraised and processed for various forms of tenure.
After declining in 1967, net revenues of the Lands Service again swung upward
to show an increase in excess of 13 per cent over the previous year. Land sales
accounted for 30 per cent of the revenue received, and leases 47 per cent. The remaining revenue came from a variety of sources, such as royalties, bonus bids, easements, Crown-grant fees, survey charges, and the sale of maps and air photos.
Continuing emphasis on the now well-established lease-develop-purchase policy
has been reflected in a decline in the number of certificates of purchase issued by the
Lands Branch. In contrast, the number of leases issued in 1968 was 2,180, and at
the end of the year the Department held 11,826 lease accounts, compared with 8,194
just three years previously. Furthermore, nearly three-quarters of the 6,428 inspections recorded by the Land Inspection Division involved leases, while only 6.5 per
cent were in connection with alienation by purchase.
On many occasions the Lands Service renders assistance to other levels of government (local, municipal, and Federal) as well as to other Provincial departments.
In 1968, for example, more than 800 Crown lots were conveyed to various municipalities for the purposes of facilitating orderly land development within their boundaries. Where suitable school-sites are still available, the Department also arranges
for free grants of Crown land to school districts. In special cases the Lands Service
processes an exchange of Crown and private lands. During 1968 approximately
29,000 acres within the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company land grant were
acquired in this way to facilitate an extension of Strathcona Provincial Park. Also,
land examinations were performed at the request of the Southern Okanagan Lands
Project, the Land Settlement Board, Department of Veterans Affairs  (Veterans'
 CC 10     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Land Act), Pacific Great Eastern Railway, British Columbia Hydro and Power
Authority, Department of Public Works, and Department of Finance.
Crown subdivisions continued to be laid out and developed in areas where
there is extensive interest in land. Among the subdivisions created during the year
were those for waterfront lots on Ness, Green, Sheridan, Shuswap, and Hannah
Lakes in the Interior of the Province, and Quadra Island on the Coast, while on
Texada Island another group of lots was laid out near Cranby Lake. Compact
arrangement and pre-servicing of Crown subdivisions offset pressures for random
and irregular ribbon growth.
In order to evaluate the effect of agricultural expansion in the Moberly Lake
area of the Peace River region, a settlement capability study was undertaken over an
area exceeding 100,000 acres. The route of the newly constructed Highway No. 16
between Prince George and McBride was also examined for the purpose of identifying Crown lands suitable for certain major types of use.
During 1968 the Land Settlement Board was formally dissolved and the remaining duties of the Board were absorbed into the Lands Branch.
The four divisions of the Surveys and Mapping Branch—that is, the Legal
Surveys, Topographic, Geographic, and Air Divisions—continued their role of extending the framework of Provincial surveys, mapping, and aerial photography.
Staff from the Legal Surveys Division delineated Crown waterfront lease lots
at nine locations and rural roadside lots at 17 widely scattered places. The Division
also expanded its reproduction facilities, which provide Government departments
and the general public with photographic, diazo, multilith, and xerographic reproductions of maps, plans, forms, and graphs. Several pieces of miniaturization equipment, including a 105-mm. camera, converter, film-processor, and reader-printer,
were installed during the year.
A field crew of the Topographic Division completed a three-year project to
strengthen horizontal and vertical survey control in North-eastern British Columbia
between the Alaska Highway and the Alberta boundary and 57° 30' N. and 60° N.
latitudes. Topographic field work also included survey control for mapping in the
Hazelton Mountains and Coast Mountains south of Hazelton and horizontal control
and levelling in the Libby Dam pondage covering the lower Kootenay and Elk
Rivers. Compilation of some 40 large-scale maps of the pondage area is being
done by the Legal Surveys Division.
Integrated Survey Area No. 2, embracing a major part of the City of Dawson
Creek, was declared by Order in Council No. 1218 and gazetted on May 9, 1968.
Various stages of integrated survey control, ranging from preliminary design to final
calculation, continued to be chiefly concentrated on parts of the Lower Mainland
and Southern Vancouver Island.
Investigations continued into the feasibility of orthophoto mapping, a process
which rectifies aerial photographs to a plane surface; that is, the impression of relief
is removed and scale distortion is corrected to a mathematical framework. This
technique enables aerial photographs to be reproduced as a kind of map.
The number of maps sold and distributed by the Geographic Division advanced
to a new 12-month record of 128,303. Since it was published in September, 1967,
Map SGS-1 (Vancouver Island) has proven to be the most popular single map-sheet
yet printed by the Geographic Division. By the end of 1968 it was necessary to
reprint it to keep stocks on hand.
A special collection of early maps and survey instruments showing the progress
of surveys and mapping since colonial times was assembled and labelled for display
in the new Provincial Museum; for example, the map of British Columbia, 1871,
 LANDS SERVICE REPORT
CC 11
prepared under the direction of J. W. Trutch, provides an interesting contrast to
British Columbia Relief Map Ijr, printed in 1968.
In spite of fickle weather during the summer months, the Air Division recorded
a coverage of 41,200 square miles of aerial photography and successfully completed
all or part of 66 projects of a total of 74 scheduled for the season. Eight of the 113
rolls of aerial film processed in 1968 were for infra-red or colour photography, and
the number of aerial photographs purchased or borrowed by Government departments, industrial and business firms, educational institutions, and private individuals
increased more than 5 per cent over the previous year.
For full particulars of the accomplishments of the Accounting Division, Lands
Branch, Surveys and Mapping Branch, University Endowment Lands, Personnel
Office, and Mail and File Room, the reader is commended to the following sections
of this Annual Report. The folded indexes and key maps in the manila envelope
attached to the back cover list Departmental reference maps and manuscripts (Indexes 1 to 7), published maps (Indexes 8 to 14), and air-photo cover (Key Maps
15 to 18).
  ACCOUNTING DIVISION
  ACCOUNTING DIVISION CC 15
ACCOUNTING DIVISION
M. B. Maclean, B.Com., Departmental Comptroller
The Accounting Division carries out the accounting function for both Lands
Service and Water Resources Service; this includes preparation of payroll, voucher-
ing of invoices, billing of accounts receivable, expenditure and revenue control, and
compilation of statistical information.
As has been the case in recent years, our lease accounts have steadily increased
during 1968 while land sales accounts have slowly declined. Work load in our
accounts receivable section had increased to the point where it was necessary to add
an additional clerk to the section in May.
As at December 31, 1968, we had 11,826 lease accounts, compared to 10,440
the previous December; land sales accounts at December 31, 1968, were 579, compared to 875 the previous year. During 1968 the Land Settlement Board accounts
were incorporated into our lands sales section so that with these accounts (265) the
total for the section at December, 1968, was 844.
Some thought is presently being given to an improved method of dealing with
our lease accounts since the present manual system of posting to ledgers will not
be adequate if the number of these accounts continues to increase.
Statistical Tables
Table 1.—Summary of Lands Service Net Revenue Collections for the
Year Ended December 31, 1968
Land leases, rentals, fees, etc  $2,189,055.75
Land sales     1,024,410.93
Sale of maps and air photos        154,445.46
Net revenue collections  $3,367,912.14
Table 2.—Comparison of Revenue Collections for 10-year
Period 1959—68, Inclusive
1959 MHM.HBHI $1,323,877.29
1960 ^HMmH^ 1,714,220.41
1961 HHm^HnH 1,765,207.54
1962 .^nanmwaBBH 1,847,457.83
1963 aammummmamBBammmmmmmmmm 2,034,841.80
1964 DBHnaBDSDOHaHnMnn 2,587,110.34
1965 n»sna[^nMBm 2,594.341.32'
1966 HMHM^HHHI^H 3,343,672.46]
1967 ■■!■■!■ ■■!■■■■ iimii inn i ■iiiii !■■■—■ 2.985,996.61'
1968 ■HMHH.tBHMHHnnB    3,367,912.14!
i Net revenue.
 CC 16     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 3.—Classification of Revenue Collections for the Year Ended
December 31, 1968
Land sales—
Country lands  $715,794.45
Town lots     313,112.85
Surface rights, mineral claims       10,685.30
  $1,039,592.60
Land leases, rentals, fees, etc.—
Foreshore leases—
Booming and log storage  $292,160.61
Commercial (marina, etc.)      598,413.14
Oyster       13,650.29
Miscellaneous   (foreshore  protection, etc.)   989.27
  $905,213.31
Land leases—
Grazing and (or) agriculture  $264,220.71
Quarrying   (limestone,  sand  and
gravel)   49,723.51
Camp-site (lodge, fishing)   12,029.72
Home-site   2,154.48
Residential  210,258.23
Miscellaneous   155,414.71
     693,801.36
Land-use permits         2,980.00
Licences of occupation       25,005.75
Royalty collections     216,366.41
Bonus bids (lease tenders and auctions)        53,541.90
Easement collections—■
Annual rentals       $1,676.13
Outright considerations     125,318.04
     126,994.17
Fees—
Crown grant   $19,754.94
Assignment  4,160.00
Miscellaneous (lease, search, etc.) 11,752.00
35,666.94
Sundry  collections   (occupational  rental,   survey
charges, etc.)     124,022.09
Sale of maps and air photos—
Legal Division  $35,750.95
Geographic Division  61,383.69
Air Division  77,798.62
2,183,591.93
174,933.26
Gross revenue for year  $3,398,117.79
Less refunds and taxes  30,205.65
Net revenue for year  $3,367,912.14
 ACCOUNTING DIVISION
CC 17
Table 4.—Comparison of Land Leases, Rentals, Fees, Etc., Revenue for
10-year Period 1959—68, Inclusive
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
$668,367.70
842,413.17
1,001,071.13
933,607.66
1,149,650.45
1,485,539.13
1,462,024.93!
1,514,749.69!
1,917,435.311
2,189,055.751
1 Net revenue.
Table 5.
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
-Comparison of Land Sales Revenue for 10-year Period 1959—68,
Inclusive
$589,975.24
806,723.54
703,705.71
836,270.32
787,184.11
982,137.88
1,017,893.161
1,692,861.141 2
916,098.981 2
1,024,410.931 2
i Net revenue.
2 Includes sales to City of Prince George:
1966, $718,733; 1967, $107,200; 1968, $106,452.
  LANDS BRANCH
 THE LANDS BRANCH
At the time of the Fraser River gold-rush in 1858 the demand for land in British
Columbia was greatly intensified and pre-emptions predated surveys. Within four years
254 pre-emptors had taken up more than 50,000 acres of land. To facilitate the transfer
of real estate and provide for the registration of titles, the Land Registry Act was passed
in 1860. The Government of the Province of British Columbia was now in the real-
estate business in a big way; the more than 366,000 square miles of land and water that
constitutes British Columbia was the real estate in question.
With the entrance of British Columbia into Confederation in 1871, the demand for
land quickened to a rush, and over the next thirty years the land-settler (and the promoter) succeeded the gold-miner in importance. Railroads were built and land grants
passed, cities came into being, and companies became established. Land was at the core
of all developments.
The task of land administration became very heavy and necessitated the formation
of a Department of Lands in 1908. In 1912 a Forest Branch was included in the Department of Lands. Today the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources exercises
control of more than 90 per cent of the surface of British Columbia.
How does the Lands Branch fit into the total organization of the British Columbia
Lands Service of today? The relation may be expressed briefly. The Lands Branch
has jurisdiction in matters pertaining to the disposition of Crown land, and is
charged with so administering and disposing of the land that the general welfare,
present and future, of the Province must be protected at all times.
When an individual, or group, desires to purchase or lease Crown land, the application is directed to the Director of Lands, head of the Lands Branch. His authority
governs the following matters:—
Sale, lease, and pre-emption of Crown lands for such purposes as agricultural,
industrial, commercial, and home-sites.
Preparation and issuance of Crown grants under the Land Act and the Mineral
Act.
Preparation and issuance of right-of-way easements for power, telephone, pipe
lines, etc.
Reservation of suitable Crown lands and foreshore for national defence, use
and enjoyment of the public, forestry experimentation, fisheries research
work, highways, etc.
Granting railway rights-of-way under various Statutes.
Protection of historic sites from alienation.
Reservation and conveying of Crown lands for such purposes as school-sites,
cemeteries, and fair grounds.
Leasing of land and foreshore for such varied purposes as wharf-sites, booming-
grounds, canneries, oyster and other mollusc fisheries, and for boat-houses,
quarry-sites, cattle-ranching, trappers' cabins, ship-building, and aircraft
bases.
To perform these and other functions efficiently, the Lands Branch works in close
co-operation with a great number of other agencies, such as municipal and city administrations, town-planning authorities, the British Columbia Forest Service, the Water Resources Service, the Surveys and Mapping Branch within the British Columbia Lands
Service, and all the departments in the Government of the Province, notably Highways,
Education, Attorney-General, and Agriculture.
Outside the Provincial departments there is much business transacted with Federal
departments, such as the Department of National Defence, the Veterans' Land Settlement
Act administration, the Public Works Department, and the Indian Affairs Branch of the
Department of Citizenship and Immigration.
Direct service to the people of British Columbia is the first duty of the Lands Branch
and this takes the bulk of the time of the Lands Branch personnel. Associated with this
prime duty is the important function of the maintenance of the records, which in many
cases are the only ones in British Columbia showing the correct legal status of the surface of the Province.
 11
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 LANDS BRANCH
CC 23
LANDS BRANCH
Walter R. Redel, B.A.Sc, P.Ac, A.A.C.I., Director of Lands
There was an 11.8-per-cent increase in the total number of new applications
filed with this Department in 1968. At the same time, Lands Branch revenue
reached a record high of $3,213,466. The Department's lease-develop-purchase
policy inaugurated in 1965 has resulted in more leases being issued and fewer direct
sales; a larger percentage of total revenue is now attributable to lease rentals rather
than to sale values.
Although there is some activity in Crown land throughout the whole Province,
more applications are filed in the central and northern parts that are primarily for
agricultural purposes. However, the continued development of resource-based industries has stimulated the demand for Crown land in some of the more remote parts
of the Province. During the past year there have been numerous easements granted
over Crown lands to accommodate power and gas lines. Pacific Northern Gas
Limited has made an application for a gas pipe-line extending from Summit Lake,
north of Prince George, to Prince Rupert. A temporary reserve pending route location for a British Columbia Hydro power-line stretches from Mica Dam to Ruby
Creek, just east of Agassiz.
In 1968 the Department conveyed over 800 lots to cities and municipalities to
facilitate replot and development projects within their corporate boundaries. In addition, Crown lands required for municipal purposes were sold to the District of
Campbell River and to the Villages of Masset and Princeton for a nominal sum. The
Department has also continued to co-operate with the many school districts throughout the Province by making free grants of Crown land for school purposes where
such lands were still available.
Under special circumstances the Department endeavours to assist municipalities
to acquire, by exchange, private lands required for municipal purposes. Both the
private and Crown lands involved in any such proposal are appraised to determine
market value. If the appraisal indicates the land values are equivalent, the Crown
will then accept a conveyance of the privately owned land and subsequently issue a
Crown grant under section 65 of the Land Act to the private owner. The lands conveyed to the Crown will then be granted to the municipality in order that such lands
may be developed in the public interest.
Exchanges of this nature are also entered into on behalf of other Government
departments. In one such exchange, 30,000 acres of Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway land in the vicinity of Forbidden Plateau was acquired on behalf of the Parks
Branch for inclusion in Strathcona Park. Other exchanges include a parcel being
conveyed to the Crown as an addition to Fort Steele Historic Park and an exchange
to provide an additional 189 acres for inclusion in the Creston Valley Wildlife
Management Area.
During 1968 work was carried out on 14 Crown subdivisions, and upgrading
work was done on a road into an existing subdivision. Waterfront lots for residential
use were developed on Ness, Green, Sheridan, Shuswap, Hannah, and Cranby Lakes,
and one sea-coast subdivision was developed at Cape Mudge on Quadra Island.
There is a continuing demand for waterfront lots on lakes throughout the Province
by the general public for recreational use. While the Department can only meet part
of this demand owing to the limited funds available for pre-servicing Crown lands,
the present policy of creating lots on desirable lake-frontage will continue to be
followed.
Although most subdivision work is to provide lots for recreational use, either
summer or winter cabin-site purposes, last year 17 subdivisions at widely scattered
 CC 24     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
points throughout the Province were developed along public roads where waterfront
property was not involved. This type of subdivision tends to concentrate residential
development, and it discourages ribbon development along main traffic routes. All
subdivisions are laid out in accordance with the requirements of the Department of
Highways and the Health Services Department. One unusual case of assistance
occurred at Fort Nelson, where the Department considered it to be in the public
interest to co-operate with the Fort Nelson Improvement District to resubdivide and
service 47 Crown lots with sewer and water.
Besides creating Crown subdivisions, 90 reserves were established for the use,
recreation, and enjoyment of the public throughout the Province in 1968. As mentioned earlier, certain exchanges were entered into in order to obtain land for park
and other public use requirements. Two of the more interesting reserves created
during the year were as follows:—
(1) A 450-acre reserve was established at the request of the District of
Squamish over Stawamus Chief Mountain. The vertical granite face of
this mountain has been a challenge to climbers for many years.
(2) A 3,000-acre reserve was established for the Canadian Wildlife Association at Naden Harbour, Queen Charlotte Islands, for habitat protection
for migratory waterfowl.
During the year, co-operative investigations dealing with mutual problems were
carried out with personnel of other Government departments and private industry.
A settlement capability study covering 100,000 acres of land in the Peace River
District involved personnel of three departments and subsequent consultation with
private forestry people. A survey involving personnel from two departments and
representatives of the forest industry made a reconnaissance of Stuart Lake to determine future foreshore log-storage needs of private industry. Discussions with members of the towboat owners' association resulted in Order in Council reserves being
established to protect 19 areas on the coast for the use of towboats and their tows
during stress of weather or adverse tides. The helpful co-operation of private industry in dealing with problems of this nature is very much appreciated.
A brief summary of the activities of the various sections of the Administration
Division of the Lands Branch is set out hereunder:—
Lease Section.—-The number of new lease applications received increased to
4,453 from 3,768 received in 1967. The continuing increase in applications is a reflection of the general need, both in private and public sectors,
for Crown lands throughout the Province.
Purchase Section.—Once again purchase applications received decreased over
those of the preceding year, from 656 in 1967 to 484 in 1968. Since its
inception in 1965, it was anticipated that the lease-develop-purchase policy
of the Department would result in fewer purchase applications. However,
since many types of leases contain 10-year purchase options, it is expected
that from now on there will be increased purchase applications as lessees
meet Departmental requirements regarding development and apply for
Crown grant. This Section also processes all residential leases, of which
904 were issued in 1968.
Crown Grants.—The lease-develop-purchase policy also affects this Section
but, as with the Purchase Section, when lessees meet development requirements and exercise purchase options, the work of the Section will increase.
A total of 957 Crown grants was issued in 1968, as compared to 980
Crown grants issued in 1967.
.
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 25
Pre-emption and Reserve Section.—During 1968 a total of 31 pre-emption
records was allowed. This is a type of tenure which has been diminishing
in importance in recent years. Reserve applications received during the
year totalled 489, a decrease from the 513 figure of 1967; 380 reserves
were established during the year. General inquiries regarding the availability of Crown land, which are handled by this Section, numbered 3,662
in 1968.
Status Section.—The number of statuses carried out by this Section increased
by 800 in 1968, the total completed being 21,915, against 21,115 completed in 1967.
Easement Section.—During 1968, 142 easements were granted, compared to
146 in 1967. Fifty per cent of the easements granted were for power-line,
oil and gas pipe-line, and well-site purposes.
GENERAL ACTIVITY
During 1968 a total of 60 parcels was tendered for lease; the acreage involved
was 7,213.4 acres, and the bonus bid revenue realized was $19,653. In addition,
568 lots were offered for lease by public auction, with 264 lots being disposed of at
the time of the auction, and the bonus bid revenue realized therefrom amounted to
$55,308. Three hundred and seventy-four of the lots offered were waterfront
properties.
Five parcels were tendered for sale in 1968, three being disposed of for
$10,789. Thirty out of 107 lots offered for sale by public auction in 1968 were sold,
and the total revenue realized therefrom was $80,555.
During the past year 254 town lots were sold, realizing the sum of $161,196.50.
The following tables indicate in detail the work carried out by the various
sections of the Lands Branch in 1968.
Table 1.—Country Land Sales, 1968
Surveyed
Unsurveyed
Acres
6,268.49
1,321.374
 CC 26     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 2.—Certificates of Purchase Issued, 1968
Land Recording District                                                                                                                  Total
Alberni                               13
Atlin          _
     16
Burns Lake    	
6
Clinton 1  	
       6
Cranbrook 	
     48
Fernie        _ _ 	
5
Fort St. John	
     88
Golden	
       4
Kamloops   	
_    .     11
Kaslo  1	
       3
Nanaimo 	
       7
Nelson        	
16
New Westminster 	
_     24
Penticton   	
     26
Pouce Coupe 	
     31
Prince George —_     	
     19
Prince Rupert ___   	
     14
Quesnel     	
     12
Revelstoke  '
       3
Smithers          	
     11
Vancouver     _
     14
Vernon                	
1
Victoria          _    _
2
Williams Lake     	
     16
Total	
  396
Table 3.—New Leases Issued, 1968
Land—
Number
Agriculture          -                    __._..         599
Acreage
199,062.00
137,502.00
3,167.00
128.00
1,515.00
4,925.00
2,331.00
86.00
228.00
188.00
132.00
184.00
Hay and grazing (pasture and hay-cutting)__     261
Quarrying (sand, gravel, limestone, etc.)              29
Home-site (section 78, Land Act)                           9
Residential      904
Miscellaneous   (resorts,   service-stations,
camp-sites, mill-sites, etc.)      145
Foreshore—
Booming, log storage, log-dumping, etc      107
Oyster and shellfish                9
Industrial (canneries, mill-sites, wharves, etc.)       34
Quarrying (sand, gravel from river-beds)         10
Commercial (boat rentals, marinas, marine
service-stations, etc.)         26
Miscellaneous  (private wharves  and boat-
houses, etc.)         47
Totals                   2,180
349,448.00
 LANDS BRANCH CC 27
Table 4.—Temporary Tenure Leases Renewed, 1968
Number   716
Acreage   251,762.49
Table 5.—Land-use Permits Issued, 1968
Number   40
Acreage   98
Table 6.—Licences to Occupy Issued, 1968
Number
Acreage
35
1,196
Table 7.—Assignments Approved, 1968
Leases, land-use permits, licences of occupation	
Table 8.—Easements Granted, 1968
Submarine power cables _
Submarine telephone cables..
Overhead power-lines..
Foreshore
Overhead telephone cables	
Effluent and sewerage pipe-lines
Water pipe-lines	
Access road	
Totals..
Land
Oil and gas pipe-lines and well-sites	
Cathodic site	
Power-lines... 	
Telephone-lines -
Microwave sites 	
Microwave sites and power-lines	
Microwave sites and access roads	
Television transmitter sites.	
Television antenna sites and power-lines	
Television transmitter sites and power-lines-.
Television antenna site	
Radio sites	
Radio site and power-line..
Sewerage pipe-lines..
Underground telephone cable..
Water pipe-line	
Totals	
Licence of Occupation
Power-line- 	
Radio transmitter site.. 	
Microwave site and power-line..
Totals 	
Southern Okanagan Lands Project
Sewerage pipe-lines 	
Power-line    	
Totals.
Grand totals-
Number
6
10
3
1
3
1
1
Miles
5.694
211.324
0.439
0.002
2.071
0.079
0.017
142        |   1,049.014
I
839
Acres
135.488
1,121.943
4.900
0.050
15.240
0.160
0.081
25
219.626
1,277.862
25
161.631
3,774.343
1
0.095
0.150
46
637.622
19,273.249
6
1.341
2.850
9
22.711
4
6.143
49.171
2
10.496
53.870
2
2.518
2
3.538
6.068
2
2.569
21.200
1
1.139
2.990
5
1.520
1
0.581
5.592
3
1.633
12.510
1
0.213
0.778
1
0.136
0.246
111
827.137
23,229.739
1
0.090
0.025
1
12.800
1
	
63.130
3
0.090
75.955
2
0.102
0.254
1
2.059
5.030
3
2.161
5.284
24,588.840
In line with current Departmental policy, 100 letters of consent for the construction of access roads were
issued during the year.
 CC 28      DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 9.—Crown Grants Issued, 1968    -
Purchases (country lands)   596
Purchases (town lots)  147
Pre-emptions   50
Surface rights (Mineral Act) . - ,". ■,.-^;  78
Public Schools Act  17
Veterans' Land Settlement Act 1_ 6
Home-site leases  6
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company  8
Supplementary timber grants  1
Miscellaneous   48
Total  957
Certified copies of Crown grants issued       3
Table 10.—Crown Grants Issued for Past 10 Years
1959 agBB^nma«egHnaD 1,471
1960 BDBBnimnsHBWBcg 1,399
1961 BBKB3BHB9»Bn 1,074
1962 BmOHOHHaBBBBI 1,081
1963 ■BBBBHaWBU 1,042
1964    i im  i 1,163
1965 linn                 i mi 1,087
1966 inn mum wi mu 1,020
1967 nDBKUHWB 980
1968 .jjj^hi^^hh 957
Total  1  11,274
Ten-year average, 1,127.
Table 11.—Total Area Deeded by Crown Grant, 1968
Acres
Purchases (country lands)   90,898.45
Pre-emptions   7,744.91
Surface rights (Mineral Act)   2,464.72
Public Schools Act  102.73
Veterans' Land Settlement Act .  650.22
Home-site leases  90.34
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company  2,284.16
Supplementary timber grants  97.00
Miscellaneous  24,974.18
Total J .  129,306.71
 LANDS BRANCH
Table 12.—Pre-emption Records, 1968
CC 29
Pre-emptions
Applications
Received
Applications
Allowed
Cancelled
Certificates
of Improvement Issued
Alberni..
Atlin	
Cranbrook..
Fernie	
Fort Fraser (Burns Lake)	
Fort George (Prince George)..
Fort St. John 	
Golden	
Kamloops 	
Kaslo 	
5
14
3
Lillooet (Clinton)..
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
New Westminster	
Osoyoos (Vernon)..
Pouce Coupe	
Prince Rupert	
Quesnel	
Revelstoke	
21
Similkameen (Penticton)..
Smithers 	
Telegraph Creek (Prince Rupert) -
Vancouver... - 	
Victoria	
Williams Lake	
Totals.-
44
2
10
3
1
4
16
1
1
1
19
16
15
21
31
37
Table 13.—Reserves, 1968
Applications Reserves
Received Completed
Use, recreation, and enjoyment of the public  143 90
British Columbia Department of Highways (rights-of-
way, gravel pits, bridge-sites, etc.)  114 104
Federal Government (defence purposes, wharf-sites,
etc.)     38 25
British   Columbia   Forest   Service   (Ranger   stations,
grazing, radio sites, reforestation, etc.)     90 93
Miscellaneous (Fish and Wildlife Branch, water-power
projects, garbage dumps, school-sites, cemeteries,
etc.)   104 60
Totals  -  489 380
 CC 30     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
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 CC 32     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
LAND INSPECTION DIVISION
L. D. Fraser, B.Sc.A., P.Ag., A.A.C.I., Chief
The increased volume of work processed by this Division during 1968 is a
continuation of the trend established in past years. It will be seen by reference
to the footnote to Table 3 that the average change for the whole Province represents
an increase of 12.5 per cent over 1967 and 21.3 per cent over the figure established
in 1964.
Table 2 shows the number of inspections completed, as well as those outstanding, for each of the 17 inspection districts at the end of the year for the past five
years. This table also shows the work done at isolated coastal points by arrangement with the British Columbia Forest Service and also work done by headquarters
staff. The total number of inspections completed during the past year was 6,428,
up 8.4 per cent over the 1967 figure. The outstanding backlog for the Division
at the year-end was 958 inspections, an increase of 177 or 22.7 per cent over the
previous year. While substantial, this increase is not considered to be too significant
since it may largely be attributed to an unusually high number of examinations for
lease review purposes located within a single Crown subdivision situated on the
shore of a very accessible Cariboo lake. On the basis of a full field-staff complement of 33 men, the average of 29 applications per man awaiting examination is
considered to be an acceptable year-end figure.
The lease-development-purchase policy originally instituted by the Department
to cover alienation of land for agricultural purposes and extended in 1966 to cover
those Crown lands disposed of for home-site purposes is continuing to increase
the proportion of applications to lease relative to other types of work dealt with
and is increasing in particular those types of inspections involving review of existing
leases. This may be seen by reference to Table 1, which shows the types of
inspections completed during the year. It is noteworthy that 73 per cent of all
inspections dealt with in 1968 involved leases, whereas in 1964 the figure stood
only at 47 per cent. Applications to lease and renewal of leases other than foreshore totalled 4,250, representing 66 per cent of all inspections completed. This
figure may be compared with 56 per cent last year and 38 per cent for the same
type of work completed in 1964. This trend is expected to continue into 1969
as a result of a further increase in lease review requests following the initial three-
year leasehold tenure period, but the actual time required by the field staff to
complete this type of inspection may be reduced somewhat as a result of the policy
change in 1968, which prevents any change in the rental set for leases issued for
agricultural purposes during the first 10 years of the lease term.
The Inspection Division was again called on to assist other Government departments and agencies. In March of 1968 four of the Division's senior Land
Inspectors spent a total of 47 working-days assisting the Department of Highways
in the acquisition of land in connection with the Roberts Bank Superport. In
addition, properties were examined and reports submitted for the Land Settlement
Board, Veterans' Land Act, Southern Okanagan Land Project, Pacific Great Eastern Railway, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Department of Public
Works, and Department of Finance.
As in previous years, applications to lease for agricultural purposes and
reviews of this type of lease following the initial three-year tenure period constituted
the bulk of the work in the Fort St. John Land Inspection District. New requests
received were down by 6.3 per cent, from 986 in 1967 to 924 in 1968. A total
area of 141,935 acres of new land was alienated during the year, up only slightly
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 33
from the 137,000 acres in 1967. Approximately 63 per cent of the applications
received were from local people, 16 per cent from other Canadian residents, and
the remaining 21 per cent were received from applicants residing outside of
Canada. Compared to 1967, this represents an increase of 14 per cent in applications made by local residents, with a proportionate decrease in applications received
from outside of Canada.
Established farmers are continuing to round out and increase the size of their
holdings to create economic units, dictated largely by the extremely powerful and
costly machinery coming into use. As a result of these improved machines, there
is a constant evolution of new techniques in land-clearing, which it is expected
will lead to development, over the next few years, of a sizeable acreage of muskeg
as well as problematic areas which have heretofore been considered non-arable
land. With these new techniques and more and better roads resulting from planned
expansion of the oil and gas industry, land applications should remain at a high
level. The decision to extend the Pacific Great Eastern Railway to Fort Nelson
will encourage further development and will undoubtedly result in a further increase
in the demand for land in the Fort Nelson area.
In the area located south of the Peace River covered by the Pouce Coupe
Land Inspection District, total examinations requested rose by 12 per cent over
the 1967 level, while total examinations made remained at about the same number.
New requests received were 569, while inspections completed totalled 607. There
has, however, been a marked rise over the preceding two years in the total acreage
covered by applications submitted for agricultural purposes, due largely to applications received during the past year covering large blocks of land located in the
general vicinity of Moberly Lake. In order to properly consider wildlife, forestry,
and recreational interest, as well as evaluate the agricultural potential of some
137,000 acres contained in these large blocks of land, a detailed land-use study
was undertaken. Although this study proved to be very time-consuming, the
information obtained will not only be used to process current applications, but will
serve as a guide for settlement and future development of those specific areas.
Lands having a home-site potential continue to be in demand, with an increased interest shown in those lands situated adjacent to rivers and in the foothill
area south and west of Dawson Creek. Due mainly to changing economic conditions which do not favour the pre-emption of land, only four applications to preempt were received in the Pouce Coupe District during the year. Only about half
of all applications made in this district in 1968 are estimated to have been made
by local residents, a figure which is approximately 10 per cent below the estimate
for the North Peace River area.
No appreciable change has occurred in the work-load situation in the Prince
George Land Inspection District. The increase in new inspection requests received was 5.6 per cent to 396, from 375 in 1967. There has, however, been
a significant change in the type of applications dealt with as a result of the lease-
develop-purchase policy now in effect. This policy is showing evidence of discouraging those individuals who are not genuinely interested in farming, which,
combined with the progressive alienation of the more desirable lands, is leading to
a reduction from previous years in the number of applications to lease for agricultural purposes. The decrease in numbers to 92 for this type of application from
131 in 1967 represents a reduction of 30 per cent. Conversely there has been
a 118-per-cent increase experienced during the same period in the number of,
summer-home site applications received.
Unlike the Peace River area, the large majority of applications received in
the Prince George District are made by local residents, with only minor numbers
2
 CC 34     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
being received from applicants residing outside of the area or outside of Canada.
Approximately 14 per cent of the applications dealt with during the year fell within
the boundaries of Community Planning Area Number 7, while 50 per cent were
within Ranger Districts 4 and 14, adjoining the community planning area and
lying north and west of Prince George. The balance of the work load was distributed over the remainder of the district.
A land-use study was made of Crown lands paralleling Highway No. 16
east from Prince George to McBride for the purpose of selecting those lands suitable for recreational purposes, commercial development, and also areas required
for use by the Department of Highways. The lands remaining have been reserved from alienation to prevent destruction of the aesthetic qualities by " ribbon "
development.
In the Vanderhoof Land Inspection District, alienation for agricultural purposes still represents the major interest. Agricultural applications and lease reviews
stood at approximately the same level as in 1967, and in total amounted to 47
per cent of the work load. There were 386 new requests received during the year,
up by 25.7 per cent from 1967. Increases were reflected in the categories covering
applications to lease for summer- and permanent-home sites, applications for commercial purposes including foreshore, and in applications for foreshore for log
storage and booming purposes. As a result of the increased interest in summer-
home sites and because of Departmental policy requiring the examination of all
lake-front property to set aside areas required for public recreational purposes
prior to any alienation, a total of 17 lake reconnaissance inspections were required
during the year, as compared to two in 1967.
There has been an increase in interest shown in land in the Fort St. James
and Stuart Lake areas. This has been brought about as a result of the announced
northerly extension of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway from Fort St. James and
the improved road from Fort St. James to Tachie village, located at the mouth of
Tachie River on Stuart Lake. It is anticipated that this surge of interest will
continue as Fort St. James has become a centre for logging and mining operations
and is also an area which holds many attractions for sportsmen and tourists.
In the Burns Lake Land Inspection District, 147 new requests were received
during the year, a decrease of 18.4 per cent from the 1967 figure. Applications
to lease for agricultural and grazing purposes showed a significant increase, but all
other types of applications showed decreased numbers from 1967, including lease
reviews. It is expected, however, that there will be an increase in the work load
in 1969 as a result of a number of agricultural leases which must be reviewed
following expiry of the first three-year period of the lease term.
A large number of residential lots located at Topley Landing on the shore of
Babine Lake were made available as a result of a public auction held during the
past summer. Approximately 60 per cent of the lots made available have now
been alienated, and applications for the remaining lots are being continuously submitted. It is interesting to note that many of these lots, which were originally
considered mainly as summer-home sites, are now being developed for residential
use on a permanent basis. This change of use is being brought about due to the
close proximity of the Granisle townsite and threatens to create sewage-disposal
problems, a matter which is now being investigated by officials of the Health
Branch.
New inspection requests received by the Smithers Land Inspection District during the year increased by 23.9 per cent to 274, from 221 requests in 1967. Part
of this increase in work load and the corresponding decrease in the inspection
requests received in the Burns Lake District results from a boundary change made
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 35
between the two districts in 1968, which added the northern end of Babine Lake,
formerly in the Burns Lake District, to the Smithers Land Inspection District.
As is the case in the Vanderhoof and Burns Lake areas, alienation for agricultural purposes is the chief interest shown in land in the district. There has been
very little change in the various types of applications dealt with, but, like many
other areas of the Province, there was a substantial increase in the number of
examinations made for the purpose of determining land development in line with
the lease-develop-purchase policy. The majority of new applications received were
submitted by local residents, with only about 5 per cent of the total originating
from applicants residing outside of Canada.
There was a considerable change in the work-load distribution within the
district this year, with a sharp increase in the number of inspections completed
in the Hazelton and Telkwa areas. A reduction in the volume of new requests
received in the Topley area has, at least in part, been brought about by the adverse
effect on the local economy resulting from closure of the Topley Planer Mill in
the latter part of 1967. Finalization of development plans proposed by Bulkley
Valley Pulp & Timber Company for the Houston area, together with removal of
the related extensive reserves from alienation now in effect, should result in a
further increase in the interest shown in land situated in the vicinity of Houston.
The Hudson Bay Prairie area of Hudson Bay Mountain near Smithers was
the scene of considerable building activity during the summer. A ski lodge, 17
ski cabins, two television repeaters, and two ski tows were recently located in the
area, and with the completion of the new road into the ski area constructed by
the Department of Highways, plans to build additional cabins are being made.
A proposal to undertake a subdivision of Crown land in the area is being complicated by the existence of mineral claims held in good standing. Territorial claims
made by the Kitwancool Indians have also complicated the processing of applications located in Ranger District No. 5.
New requests received during the year in the Prince Rupert Land Inspection
District decreased by 16.8 per cent from 1967 to 153 requests. The predominant
types of examinations completed deal with the commercial and industrial use of
foreshore. Inspections of land falling in these categories reached a total of 51 or
30 per cent of the work load, up from 16 per cent in 1965. The number of lease
applications inspected and lease reviews dealt with, excluding foreshore, are also
up slightly to 35 per cent of the 1968 work load. Corresponding reductions have
been quite evenly distributed in other categories.
A total of 97 residential lots was provided in three Crown subdivisions finalized
during the past year. A public auction of a 19-lot subdivision located at Sandspit
on the Queen Charlotte Islands was held, and all lots were leased with the exception of one. The two remaining subdivisions are located just north of Terrace
along Highway No. 16, and the majority of residential sites offered at this location
were also alienated. The much more stringent regulations regarding sewage disposal, recently adopted by the Health Branch, are resulting in more frequent disallowance of applications for home-site purposes.
Expansion of the Canadian Forces base at Masset on the Queen Charlotte
Islands is well under way, and the Village of Masset water treatment and distribution system should be completed and hook-ups made in the summer of 1969.
Granduc Mines (N.P.L.) Ltd. is building 50 houses at Stewart, and with the
relocation of certain employees from the permanent camp established at Tide Lake,
the population of that community will be increased appreciably.
Columbia Cellulose Co. Ltd., through its operating subsidiary, Twinriver
Timber Ltd., has partially completed installation of a log-driving channel in the
 CC 36     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Lower Nass River. This channel is approximately 9 miles in length and is made
up of log bundles anchored 300 feet apart which are intended to direct free-floating
logs downstream into Nass Harbour for rafting.
The number of inspection requests forwarded to the Quesnel Land Inspection
District increased to 259, an increase of 16.6 per cent over the 1967 level. Inspections completed were up 10 per cent from 1967 to 266, and current indications
are for an increased work load in 1969. While the total numbers have increased,
applications to lease for agricultural and grazing purposes occupied about the same
proportion of the work load as in 1967. The number of leases received during the
year increased by 7 per cent over the same period last year, and a further substantial
increase in this category is forecast for 1969. Currently there is a high demand for
residential sites, but this situation may be alleviated to some extent when lots contained in three Crown subdivisions, completed during the year, are made available.
Approximately 84 per cent of the applications received were from local residents,
10 per cent were from other residents of the Province, and the remaining 6 per cent
originated from other parts of Canada or from points outside of Canada.
Over a week was spent in completing the report and extensive examination of
an area in excess of 97,000 acres proposed as a grazing reserve by the Forest Service
and Baker Creek Livestock Association. Problems resulting from conflict between
the agricultural, forestry, and wildlife interests led to the public meetings held in
Quesnel on May 3rd and November 15th of 1968. Several briefs were heard at the
first meeting, chaired jointly by the Assistant District Forester from Prince George
and the Assistant Director of Lands. The fall meeting was chaired by the Honourable Ray Williston and the Honourable Cyril Shelford, and over 30 written briefs
were received. As a result of these meetings, a team of experts is to be set up to
study the special sale area with a view to determining the ability of the area to sustain
both a forestry and agricultural industry and also to determine the degree of importance of each of these basic industries to the present and future economic growth of
the area.
Inspection requests received in the Williams Lake Land Inspection District
reached a total of 591, up 12.8 per cent from 1967, and examinations completed
were up by 26 per cent to a total of 620. Reviews of existing leases accounted for
34 per cent of this total or 213 inspections, representing a very significant increase
in this category. The attractive qualities of the many lakes located throughout the
Central Interior of British Columbia are evident by the continued increase in applications for residential waterfront property. The 118 sites examined in this category
during the year represent a 48-per-cent increase over 1967 and constitute 19 per cent
of the total work load.
The ranching industry continues to be the prime user of Crown land in the
Cariboo. The large capital investment required, due mainly to high land values,
together with rising costs, is making the occupation increasingly more hazardous.
The susceptibility of the industry to relatively minor factors affecting the ranching
economy was underlined last fall by the large sell-off of cattle caused by a shortage
of feed resulting from loss of much of the alfalfa crop from icing conditions experienced in the winter of 1967. Because of this highly competitive position brought on
by financial pressures, applications for ranching purposes are becoming much more
controversial. This problem is common to the Central Southern Interior of British
Columbia.
A 44.4-per-cent increase in the work load over 1967 was experienced in the
Clinton Land Inspection District. A total of 419 new requests was received and 217
inspection reports were submitted, leaving over 200 inspections outstanding at the
year-end.   This increase in work load and large number of outstanding inspections
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 37
is chiefly due to an unusually high number of requests received for lease review purposes. A breakdown of the examinations made indicates 42 per cent of all inspections completed were reviews of existing leases, 23 per cent residential applications,
10 per cent applications for grazing purposes, 6 per cent agricultural applications,
and the remaining 19 per cent were inspections covering miscellaneous purposes.
There is a continued strong demand for permanent home-sites in the vicinity of
100 Mile House. Applications for summer-home sites on the many lakes located
throughout the Clinton District are also being maintained at a high level. Subdivisions are being undertaken by the Department on Green Lake, Sheridan Lake,
Greeny Lake, and Young Lake in an effort to meet this demand, and as a result
approximately 200 additional lake-front lots will be available in the near future.
A subdivision of 108 lots set back in a second tier at a distance of approximately
300 feet from the south shore of Green Lake were auctioned during the past summer,
and the bonus bids paid for the right to acquire these summer-home sites on a leasehold basis totalled $10,154.
A small boundary change involving the transfer of the south half of Anderson
Lake to the New Westminster Land Inspection District took place during the
year. This transfer was undertaken because of the greater ease of access from
New Westminster and not as an effort to balance work loads between districts.
Particularly because of the popularity of the Clinton District as a recreational area,
a continued high level of applications is anticipated.
Inspection requests received in the Kamloops Land Inspection District increased by 33.5 per cent over 1967 to a total of 537, and work accomplished
increased by 25 per cent to 530 inspections. The total of all the types of leases
dealt with is up substantially from 1967 and now constitutes 85 per cent of the
work load. This is the same trend experienced in other districts, and undoubtedly
results from the lease-develop-purchase policy. Reviews of existing leases were
up by 30 per cent, and applications to lease for grazing purposes increased by 117
per cent. There was a continued interest throughout the district in 1968 in lots
possessing lake-frontage, and 20 per cent of the inspections completed covered
applications in this category.
In the Kelowna Land Inspection District the work load was considerably
greater than in 1967. New inspection requests received increased by 16.7 per cent
to a total of 279 inspections. Inspections completed also increased from 216 in
1967 to 275 in 1968, or by 27 per cent. There have been some changes from
the pattern set in 1967 in the types of new applications dealt with, and, like many
other areas of the Province, there has been an increase in the number of inspections completed involving review of existing leases. The majority of land applications in the Kelowna District were received from local residents.
Applications under section 102 (2) of the Land Registry Act to obtain
accreted lands showed an increase on lakes in the Okanagan. Applications to
fill portions of foreshore have also increased. Interest in these two categories is
being stimulated by a desire to legalize occupation of areas filled previously and
used in trespass, and by new health regulations which have made certain of the
older surveyed lots unsuitable for development due to their small size. With a
decreasing supply of lakeshore property, river-front lots are being viewed with
greater interest. As a result, two subdivisions for residential lease purposes
were laid out along the north bank of the Similkameen River during the past year.
Compared to other areas in the Kelowna Land Inspection District, the
Princeton and Boundary areas appear to be somewhat depressed. With the closing
of the sawmill at Greenwood, that community was left without a major industry.
 CC 38      DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
A hardboard plant is being constructed at Grand Forks, and a furniture pilot plant
is in operation at Christina Lake.
A total of 295 inspection requests was received in the Nelson Land Inspection
District during the year, representing an increase over 1967 of 14.3 per cent.
Examinations completed increased by 30 per cent over the previous year to a
total of 324 inspections. Approximately 30 per cent of the work load involved
agricultural and grazing lease inspections, 25 per cent were applications for residential purposes, commercial and industrial applications totalled 7 per cent, applications for foreshore also were at 7 per cent, and the remaining 31 per cent of
the work load fell in the miscellaneous category. Almost all of the applications
dealt with originated from within the Province, with a very minor number received
from Alberta residents.
A noticeable increase in land values has occurred throughout the district,
with the most significant increase being in evidence in the East Kootenay. It is
anticipated that completion of the pulp-mill at Skookumchuck, establishment of
plywood and sawmill complexes at Canal Flats and Elko, and development of the
large coalfields located north of Natal will greatly increase the demand for land in
the East Kootenay, particularly in the residential and small-holding categories.
Demand in the West Kootenay is expected to remain at about the same level.
A 52.4-per-cent increase over the level of the 1967 work load took place in
the Vancouver Land Inspection District during the year. A total of 353 inspections was completed, which represents an increase of 37 per cent over 1967.
Much of this increase has occurred in the permanent- and summer-home site
categories, with the Squamish, Sechelt, and Pender Harbour areas seeing the
greatest activity in applications of this type. The types of inspections dealt with
which fall in the other categories remain much the same as in previous years. With
only two applications to purchase inspected during the year, the Vancouver District is a good example of the effect the lease-develop-purchase policy is having
on the type of work dealt with.
The agreement with the City of Vancouver involving the exchange of a large
acreage of Crown land in False Creek for 200 acres of city-owned land on Burnaby
Mountain resulted in a detailed and complicated appraisal. Appraisals involving
exchanges of land in other parts of the district also proved to be very time-consuming.
In the New Westminster Land Inspection District there was a 10.4-per-cent
increase over 1967 in new inspection requests received, while the number of inspections completed was about identical to the level of the previous year. Of the 266
new requests, the most significant increase took place in the number of applications
received for summer-home site purposes. As a result, the predominant types of
inspections dealt with during the year were applications to lease and, compared to
previous years' applications to purchase, dropped sharply. To meet this strong
demand for summer-home site purposes, which is taking place in both the New Westminster and Vancouver Land Inspection Districts, it is anticipated that certain waterfront lands now situated within Provincial forest reserves will be made available for
subdivision. Two such areas considered to be best suited for early development are
a section of the west shore of Harrison Lake in the New Westminster District and
land fronting on Sechelt Inlet in the Vancouver Inspection District.
In view of the lack of accessible lake-front property and the apparent desire
of many people to have a retreat in the country, there is a demand developing in
the New Westminster District for small-acreage parcels which do not possess water-
frontage.   In response to this demand, private property in the Devine area east of
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 39
Pemberton is being subdivided to provide building-sites of approximately 1 acre
in size. A subdivision of Crown land near Post Creek is expected to be completed
in 1969.
A number of inspection requests dealing with areas located in the northern part
of the Victoria Land Inspection District were transferred to the Courtenay inspection
office during the year. This work transfer, which is not intended to represent a
permanent boundary change, is in part responsible for the very substantial increase
in new requests received in the Courtenay Land Inspection District during 1968.
The total of 378 new requests received represents an increase of 28.1 per cent over
1967 and is a record high for the Courtenay District. The large majority of these
requests, as has been the pattern in previous years, were for inspections of foreshore
areas. The number of inspections for permanent-home sites also continued at a
high level. Appraisals involved in connection with land exchange proposals increased in number and proved to be very time-consuming. Transfer in 1968 of
administration of the Alberni Canal to the Alberni Harbour Commission will result
in a reduction in the work load in the Alberni area.
As a result of the temporary transfer to the Courtenay Land Inspection District
of a portion of the work load, located in the northerly portion of the Victoria Land
Inspection District, requests received in the Victoria inspection office increased by
only 1.4 per cent. Due to staff changes and other interruptions, the 137 inspections
completed were dealt with in a little more than eight months. Examination of foreshore areas continued to be the predominant type of inspection, but the most time-
consuming examinations were those completed in connection with land exchange
proposals and certain other special projects involving travel to other locations in
the Province.
The statistical tabulations in Tables 2 and 3 indicate many more increases for
1968 than decreases. On a percentage basis, the most significant reduction to occur
was in the number of actual examinations made by headquarters staff. The single
inspection completed was undertaken by the Chief Land Inspector and arose from
briefs submitted by timber interests concerning land located in and directly adjacent
to Stuart Lake. Due to the numerous sites which had to be inspected in connection
with this examination, there was considerable pre-planning involved, and because
of the apparent conflict with present and potential recreational use, it was necessary
to hear and consider many views before completing the final report. Staff changes
which resulted in the position of Assistant Chief Land Inspector being left vacant
for an extended period was also a factor which made it impossible to undertake certain inspections which might, under more favourable conditions, have been completed
by headquarters staff.
STAFF CHANGES
Several changes were made in the location and employment of staff during
the year. On September 1, 1968, Mr. A. F. Smith was appointed Assistant Director of Lands and was replaced on November 1, 1968, as Assistant Chief Land
Inspector by Mr. G. H. Wilson, who had been promoted previously, on January 1,
1968, from the position Land Inspector for the Victoria District to Administrative
Officer 3, Land Administration.
Mr. G. A. Rhoades, former Land Inspector, Vancouver, was transferred to
Victoria, effective March 4, 1968, and the vacancy in the Vancouver District was
filled by the transfer of Mr. D. M. Thom from Prince George, effective March 1,
1968. The vacancy in Prince George was filled by the transfer and promotion
of Mr. R. N. Bose from Smithers, effective April 1, 1968, to become Land Inspector 3 in charge of the Prince George office.    Mr. F. G. Edgell was transferred
 CC 40     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
from Clinton to Smithers as Land Inspector 2 in charge, effective April 1, 1968,
and Mr. H. L. Wenschlag was transferred from Kamloops to take charge of the
Clinton office, effective April 1, 1968; Mr. D. E. Jaffray was promoted from the
position of Deputy Land Inspector 1 to Land Inspector 1 and transferred from
Fort St. John to fill the vacancy left at Kamloops, effective April 1, 1968.
There were no resignations during the year, and the full complement of field
staff as of December 31, 1968, was 21 Land Inspectors and 12 Deputy Land
Inspectors. Mr. J. B. MacNaughton was appointed Deputy Land Inspector 1
at Fort St. John, effective May 21, 1968, to fill the vacancy following Mr. Jaffray's
promotion and transfer to Kamloops.
TRAINING
Nine Land Inspectors together with the Chief and Assistant Chief Land
Inspectors are accredited as appraisers with the Appraisal Institute of Canada.
There are now eight Land Inspectors and eight Deputy Land Inspectors who
have successfully completed Parts 1 to 3, inclusive, of the Appraisal Course, and
are now proceeding with the final educational requirements for accreditation with
the Appraisal Institute of Canada. Three Land Inspectors and three Deputy
Land Inspectors are currently studying Parts 2 and 3 of the Appraisal Course, and
one Deputy Land Inspector is studying Part 3 on his own with a view to writing
the examination in the spring.
Three Land Inspectors have completed the Public Administration Course,
and one Land Inspector and the Assistant Chief Land Inspector are now enrolled
in the first year of this course.
Zone meetings, which are becoming an annual event, were again held in
March at Kamloops and Prince George.
STATISTICS
Table 1 represents a summary of the number and type of inspections completed
in the Province by this Division during 1968. Table 2 represents a comparison
on a year-to-year basis of the volume of field work completed and requests outstanding at the end of each year for the period 1964 to 1968, inclusive.
Table 3 represents an analysis of requests for inspections processed by this
Division for the years 1964 to 1968, inclusive.
Table 1.—Types of Inspections, 1968
Purchases—
Agriculture (other than grazing)   113
Access (roads, etc.)   5
Commercial (resorts, service-stations, hotels, airfields, etc.)___ 32
Community (cemeteries, church sites, parking areas, etc.)  14
Grazing (pasture, range)   17
Home-sites (permanent)   195
Industrial (mill-sites, power-sites, manufacturing plants, etc.) 34
Summer home or camp-site  8
Wood-lots or tree-farms  2
Others  1
Old buildings  3
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 41
Leases—
Land-
Table 1.—Types of Inspections, 1968—Continued
Agriculture (other than grazing)	
Commercial  (resorts, service-stations, hotels, airfields,
etc.)	
Community (parks, cemeteries, dump-sites, etc.)	
Fur-farming
Grazing (pasture, range, hay-cutting, etc.)	
Home-sites (section 78 of the Land Act)	
Home-sites (permanent, other than section 78 of the
Land Act)	
Industrial (mill-sites, power-sites, manufacturing plants,
etc.)	
Summer home or camp-site	
Quarrying (sand, gravel, limestone)	
Reviews (rental and (or) diligent use)	
Others	
Foreshore—
Booming and log storage or log-dumping	
Commercial    (boat   rentals,   marine   service-stations,
wharves, etc.)	
Industrial (mill-sites, canneries, factory-sites, wharves,
etc.)	
Quarrying (sand and gravel from river-beds)	
Oyster and shellfish	
Private (floats, boathouses)	
Reviews (rentals and (or) diligent use)_
Consent to fill foreshore	
Land-use permits	
Licence of occupation	
Easements and (or) rights-of-way.
Pre-emptions—
Applications
Annual inspections (including applications for Crown grant).
Subdivisions—
Valuations 	
Survey inspection	
Plans cancellation	
Proposals (lakeshore, residential, etc.)	
Others	
Reserves—
Grazing	
Gravel pits	
Recreational 	
Others	
Veterans' Land Act	
Land Settlement Board—
Classification 	
Valuations 	
Doukhobor lands
1,132
116
38
1
448
12
397
36
570
35
1,462
3
120
66
18
5
36
13
200
3
63
24
15
202
18
4
1
13
1
1
4
26
13
2
3
1
12
 CC 42     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table 1.—Types of Inspections, 1968—Continued
Southern Okanagan Lands Project	
Pacific Great Eastern Railway	
Other agencies—
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority	
Department of Public Works	
Department of Finance	
Miscellaneous inspections—
Assignments	
Delinquent accounts	
Escheats A ct	
Lake reconnaissance 	
Land-use surveys
Land revaluations of special nature..
Protests	
Section 53 (2), Land Act (verifying improvements)	
Section 65, Land Act (free grants)	
Section 78, Land Act (re compliance with provisions of)	
Section 130, Land Act (lands vested in Crown under Taxation
Act)	
Section 131b, Land Act (cases of doubt regarding inclusion of
body of water in Crown grant)	
Trespass (land) 	
Trespass (water) 	
Quieting Titles A ct	
3
5
17
1
1
34
9
5
65
21
76
32
370
12
Section 102 (2), Land Registry Act..
Others	
Total..
11
45
65
3
53
53
6,428
Table 2.—Analysis of Inspections Completed and Inspections Outstanding at
Year-end for the Years 1964 to 1968, Inclusive
Examinations Made during—
Outstanding at End of—
District
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1964
1965
1966   1967
!
1968
269
283
853
460
202
249
87
450
668
282
401
245
172
438
19
96
136
235
293
582
482
201
278
242
454
551
67
173
317
250
236
156
530
13
70
318
226
303
1,129
515
185
307
274
609
423
194
191
351
233
330
156
415
13
20
173
266
274
1,066
423
216
250
245
610
433
180
241
212
259
327
189
492
28
36
171
271
353
1,039
530
275
324
247
607
387
165
266
272
353
401
137
620
1
9
29
33
104
75
36
38
36
81
262
56
418
46
18
58
29
151
35
32
230
50
26
63
61
121
52
85
51
178
30
35
32
33
16
27
40
15
146
72
15
37
34
92
68
34
38
32
64
36
180
52
39
45
7
45
27
38
33
8
212
61
Fort St. John  —
Kamloops 	
162
60
43
Nelson	
16
49
67
52
26
32
14
23
25
57 |  31
49 j   40
46 |   4
38    74
14 |  11
33
35
16
48
Headquarters	
13
Totals	
5,174
5,266
6,192
5,920
6,428
1,319
1,281 |  836 |  781
958
Note.—These figures include pre-emptions.
 LANDS BRANCH
CC 43
Table 3.—Analysis of Requests for Inspection Processed by Land Inspection
Division for Years 1964 to 1968, Inclusive
District
New Requests Received during—
Per Cent
Change,
1968 over
1967
Per Cent
Change,
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1968 over
1964
Burns Lake	
249
286
761
452
287
241
292
708
457
194
230
286
929
532
173
281
246
506
426
143
172
187
260
320
170
420
13
27
180
290
295
986
402
239
258
241
508
375
184
222
221
233
307
147
524
28
36
147
419
378
924
537
279
295
266
569
396
153
259
274
355
386
149
591
1
11
— 18.4
+44.4
+28.1
—6.3
+33.5
+ 16.7
+14.3
+ 10.4
+ 12.0
+5.6
— 16.8
+ 16.6
+23.9
+52.4
+25.7
+ 1.4
+ 12.8
—96.5
—69.4
+68.2
Courtenay  - 	
+32.1
Fort St. John   -     ...
+21.4
Kamloops -	
+ 18.8
209   1      190
+33.4
244
116
398
730
263
540
282
176
433
19
105
312
267
450
457
108
162
366
256
168
172
503
13
57
+20.9
+ 129.3
+42.9
—45.7
— 1.5
—49.2
+25.8
— 15.3
+36.4
Headquarters—   i	
—94.7
— 89.5
5.263   I  5 466
5,515
5,676
6,389
Average change for 1968 over 1967 for Province is +12.5 per cent.
Average change for 1968 over 1964 for Province is +21.3 per cent.
  SURVEYS AND MAPPING
BRANCH
 THE  SURVEYS   AND   MAPPING  BRANCH
The framework of maps and surveys so necessary for the orderly development and
settlement of British Columbia is provided through the Surveys and Mapping Branch.
That such scientific foundations were necessary even in the earliest days is shown by the
fact that in 1851 the position of Colonial Surveyor for the young Crown Colony of
Vancouver Island was created. In more than 100 years which have passed since Joseph
Despard Pemberton was appointed first Surveyor-General, British Columbia has expanded
immensely in all spheres of human endeavour. Much of the foundation for the way of
life we have in British Columbia today rests on the reliability of our basic surveys. As
British Columbia has progressed through time, so the surveys and maps of the Province
have increased in magnitude and complexity.
It is the responsibility of the Surveys and Mapping Branch, through the Boundary
Commissioner, to establish and maintain co-operatively the boundaries between this
Province and the other adjacent Provinces and Territories of Canada. Within the Province, the Branch has established and is ever extending a basic network of triangulation
surveys which are fundamental to determining geographical locations and co-ordinating
property boundaries. The surveying procedures vary according to the intended purposes.
Topographic surveys are constantly improving the portrayal of various physical features.
Cadastral (legal) surveys, on the other hand, delineate the parcels of Crown lands subject
to alienation under the Land Act. Finally, it is necessary to show on published maps the
combined survey effort in order to give a visual account of the position of land alienation
and geographic features of British Columbia. Maps must satisfy a wide range of uses,
whether it be by the sportsman searching for an untapped valley or virgin lake, the homesteader seeking unsettled lands, or the industrialist planning new ways and new places to
develop the resources of this Province.
So much for the uses of maps and surveys and their necessity. Also interesting is the
great variety of techniques and equipment which must support our complex surveying and
mapping organization. This includes photography from aircraft using precise cameras
calibrated to less than a thousandth of an inch, modern optical surveyors' theodolites
which read directly to seconds of arc, other instruments such as the tellurometer (a
distance-measuring device which operates on a principal similar to radar), and plotting
devices which are capable of precise mapping directly from aerial photographs. Helicopters and other aircraft speed surveyors to the remotest locations. Surveying is also
expanding into the realm of electronic computers which can process the contents of field-
notes in seconds compared with hours by manual methods. In all these ways, the science
of surveying and mapping continues to serve the people by keeping pace with their needs
and with the continual technological advances of our age.
The following is a brief summary of the functions of the various divisions of the
Surveys and Mapping Branch:—
/. Administration.—General co-ordination of the four divisions of the Branch, being
Legal Surveys, Geographic, Topographic, and Air; delineation and maintenance of
boundaries under the Provincial Boundary Commissioner—namely, (a) Alberta-British
Columbia Boundary and (b) British Columbia-Yukon-Northwest Territories Boundary;
interdepartmental and intergovernmental liaison.
//. Legal Surveys Division.—Regulations for surveys under the various Provincial
Acts, such as Land, Land Registry, Mineral, Petroleum and Natural Gas; instructions to
British Columbia land surveyors regarding surveys of Crown lands and subsequent check
of field-notes and plans of same; preparation and custody of official plans; preparation
and maintenance of Departmental reference maps, mineral reference maps, and composite
(cadastral) maps; processing for status of all applications concerning Crown lands; field
surveys of Crown lands, highway rights-of-way, etc.; preparation of legal descriptions;
operation of blue-print and photostat sections; computational scrutiny of certain land
registry subdivision plans; inspection surveys; restoration surveys.
///. Geographic Division.—Map compilation, drawing and negative engraving, editing, and reproduction; map checking, distribution, geographical naming—Gazetteer of
British Columbia; field and culture surveys for preparation of land bulletins and maps;
preparation of legal descriptions for and delineation of administrative boundaries; compilation and distribution of annual Lands Service Report; trigonometric computation and
recording of geographic co-ordinates; general liaison between this Department and Federal and other mapping agencies on exchange of survey and mapping data; checking well-
site survey plans under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.
IV. Topographic Division.—Propagation of field survey control—namely, triangulation, traverses, and photo-topographic control; operation of Otter float-plane; helicopters
on charter; compilation and fair drawing of manuscripts for standard topographic mapping; special field control for composite and photogrammetric mapping and other special
projects; precise mapping from aerial photographs through the use of the most modern
plotting-machines.
V. Air Division.—Aerial photographic operations involving maintenance and operation of two aircraft; photographic processing, air-photo distribution, and Provincial airphoto library; compilation of interim base maps, primarily for the forest inventory;
air-photo control propagation; instrument-shop for the repair, maintenance, and development of technical equipment.
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 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 49
SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
A. H. Ralfs, B.C.L.S., D.L.S., Director, Surveyor-General,
and Boundaries Commissioner
On November 1, 1968, the writer was appointed to his present position following the retirement of Mr. G. S. Andrews after 39 years in the service of this Province.
When Mr. Andrews was appointed to the offices of Surveyor-General and Director of Surveys and Mapping in 1951 and Boundaries Commissioner in 1952, he
could already look back on a varied and challenging career in the public service,
first as a timber cruiser with the Forest Branch of the Department of Lands and
later, having obtained his forestry degree, as an assistant in the Forest Surveys division. His entry into the realm of aerial photography developed from the conviction
that air photos could be used to good effect in forestry, and it was largely through
his urging that, in 1936, the Forest Branch first committed itself to the use of aerial
photography. The following year an Eagle III camera with Ross lens was mounted
in a float-equipped Waco biplane, and 2,500 exposures were obtained over the
Queen Charlotte Islands, 200 in the Lower Skeena Valley, and 260 over the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway land grant.
After overseas service in the Royal Engineers and Royal Canadian Engineers
during World War II, Mr. Andrews returned to British Columbia in 1946 to lay the
foundations of the Air Division of the Surveys and Mapping Branch. It was through
the position of Chief Engineer of the Air Surveys Division that he rose to the office
of Surveyor-General of British Columbia.
As well as Mr. Andrews' pioneering contributions to the field of aerial surveying, other highlights include his term as Commissioner for British Columbia on the
British Columbia-Yukon-Northwest Territories Boundary Commission, during which
demarcation of the boundary was completed in 1959. He was also a gospel of the
co-ordinate system of integrated survey and, thanks largely to his efforts, British
Columbia in 1964 became the first Province in Canada to provide statutory recognition for the establishment of integrated survey areas. Before his retirement he
arranged for the declaration of the first two integrated survey areas in the Province.
Although following this are complete individual reports of the Air, Geographic,
Legal Surveys, and Topographic Divisions of this Branch, it might be in order to
enlarge on a few selected items of broad interest.
During the year, work began on a comprehensive new system of electronic
computer programme titled " LSM 139." Previously, each of the 11 other programmes developed in the Branch has been a separate entity, and to carry out a
procedure involving several programmes has meant preparing data for each step
after the completion of the previous step. In the new system all the programmes
will be linked together and the results of one step will be passed on automatically
as data to the succeeding step. The system will also be designed for expansion so
that new programmes may be added as need arises.
Again, in the field of electronic data-processing systems we are becoming increasingly concerned in considering how to make the optimum use of equipment
now available for the storage and retrieval of information pertinent to our everyday
operations. At the years' end a start was made in a modest way to apply the system
to the storage and retrieval of information on survey control points, of which there
are now some 40,000 in the Province. These data are currently stored in a card
index which has all been completed by hand. This index will be maintained, although
it is intended to automate the output of any new cards to the records. In addition,
however, and of greatest importance, the information will be stored on magnetic
 CC 50     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
tape or disk, from which it will be a simple procedure to generate reports or listings
of data required for a particular purpose in a selected geographical location. It is
expected that this application of data storage and retrieval will be especially valuable as the forerunner of similar programmes, including the storage of Departmental
data for the retrieval of Crown land status.
During 1968 Legal Surveys field crews worked on 66 projects, of which six
were for the Department of Highways, 40 for the Lands Service (mainly Crown subdivisions and lot surveys), and seven were for the Department of Public Works. The
rest were for other Government departments and internal purposes. The major internal job involved reposting and tying in lot corners in the projected Libby Dam
reservoir in the East Kootenay. Another field crew from the Topographic Division
did levelling and firming up old survey control in the pondage area. This work is
now being used in the preparation of some 40 large-scale maps of the reservoir area,
to decide the extent of lands which will be lost to the reservoir and for pondage
measurements.
The Topographic Division established survey control for 14 National Topographic 1:50,000 scale map-sheets in parts of National Topographic Blocks 93e,
93l, and 103i. Co-operation was extended to the Federal Department of Energy,
Mines and Resources so that the standard and density of survey control could also
serve the national programme for measuring the earth's field of gravity.
The co-ordinate system of integrated survey continued to be the object of considerable effort. Although most of the current work is concentrated in parts of the
Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island, final calculations were completed for Integrated Survey Area No. 2, which was gazetted in May, covering most of the City of
Dawson Creek. To facilitate instrument calibration within integrated survey areas,
permanent base lines measuring 200 and 300 feet were laid out in Surrey Municipality and the City of North Vancouver respectively.
The Geographic Division issued 10 completely new or revised maps, and also
redraughted and reprinted several administrative maps at a reduced scale of 1 inch
to 84 miles. The new Is series of administrative maps is available either as a 10-map
set or as separate sheets. Its convenient size and package format makes the Is series
particularly useful as a desk reference.
The sale and distribution of lithographed maps climbed to an all-time high of
128,303 sheets in 1968, and the 15,144 sheets distributed during May established
a record for a single month. It is interesting to note that two decades ago the number
of maps distributed was approximately 100,000 lower, being only 28,673 for the
entire 12 months of 1948.
In 1968 the last of the 1:50,000 scale Army Survey Establishment national
topographic maps were lithographed. The Federal national topographic programme
is now entirely the responsibility of the Surveys and Mapping Branch, Department of
Energy, Mines and Resources.
Most of the aerial photographic effort of the Air Division, covering 41,200
square miles and 2,697 lineal miles, was obtained south of the 56th parallel of latitude. Photographic work in the northern part of the Province has been complicated
by generally more unstable weather, shorter field season, and the limited operational
radius of the Division's aircraft. About 80,000 square miles of the Province lie
north of the 56th parallel and west of the Alaska Highway, but the only suitable
bases from which the Beechcraft D18S Expeditors can operate are Whitehorse and
Watson Lake in the Yukon, and Fort Nelson, Fort St. John, Prince George, and
Smithers in British Columbia. All are on the periphery of the north-west quarter.
Incipient development of surface transportation routes and industry in this region
may be expected to produce additional requirements for surveys, aerial photography,
and mapping.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 51
LEGAL SURVEYS DIVISION
D. Pearmain, Chief
The Legal Surveys Division, under the direction of the Surveyor-General, is
responsible for cadastral surveys of all Crown lands of the Province. This entails
the issuing of instructions to the land surveyors engaged to make each survey and
supplying them with copies of field-notes and plans of adjoining or adjacent surveys.
After the completion of the survey, the returns are forwarded to this office for examination and acceptance. In the above returns are all right-of-way surveys, including those for highways, railways, and transmission-fines. During the year, 1,195
sets of the above instructions were issued, as against 1,143 during 1967.
During the year, 573 sets of field-notes or survey plans covering the survey of
894 lots were received in this office and duly indexed, checked, plotted, and official
plans prepared therefrom. Of the above-mentioned surveys, 877 were made under
the Land Act and 17 under the Mineral Act. At the present time there are approximately 101,015 sets of field-notes on record in our vaults.
There were 474 plans received from land surveyors covering subdivisions and
right-of-way surveys which were made under the Land Registry Act. These plans
were duly indexed and checked, and certified copies deposited in the respective
Land Registry Office.
In order that a graphic record may be kept of alienations of both surveyed and
unsurveyed Crown lands together with reserves, a set of 258 reference maps covering the whole of the Province must be maintained. These show all cadastral surveys
which are on file in the Department, and are kept up to date by new information as
it accrues from day to day. Prints are available to the public (see Indexes 1 to 7 in
the envelope attached to the back cover of this Annual Report).
All applications to purchase or lease Crown lands or foreshore which are received by the Lands Branch and all applications to purchase Crown timber received
by the Forest Service are channelled through this Division for clearance. The orderly
processing of these applications requires that an exhaustive status be made from the
reference maps, official plans, and Land Registry Office plans. From the reference
maps, together with other information and facilities maintained by this Division, it
is possible to give an up-to-the-minute status of any parcel of Crown land in
the Province.
It was necessary during the year, for status and revision purposes, to obtain
731 plans from the various Land Registry Offices.
This Division co-operates with the other departments of Government by preparing and checking legal descriptions which they require. Those assisted in this way
were the Attorney-General's Department (descriptions of Small Debts Courts), the
Department of Agriculture (descriptions of disease-free areas and pound districts),
the Forest Service (descriptions of tree-farm licences and working circles), and the
Lands Branch (descriptions for gazetted reserves, etc.). During the year, 732 of the
above descriptions were prepared and checked.
REPRODUCTION SECTION
The Legal Surveys Division, through this Section, continues to supply a service
to all departments of Government and to the public, as well as supplying all prints
and photostats, etc., required by the Surveys and Mapping Branch. The total number of diazo prints made during the year was 409,472, in the preparation of which
363,450 yards or 207 miles of paper and linen were used plus 93,500 miscellaneous
 CC 52      DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
sized cut sheets. The number of photographic reproductions made was 20,688. The
number of Xerox copies made was 299,400.
Of the 409,472 diazo prints made, 71,059 were for the Surveys and Mapping
Branch, 70,878 for other branches of the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water
Resources, 249,370 for other departments of Government, and 18,165 for the
public. Likewise, of the 20,688 photographic reproductions made, 4,321 were for
the Surveys and Mapping Branch, 6,645 for other branches of the Department, 9,695
for other departments of Government, and 27 for the public.
The multilith machine turned out 1,017,309 copies during the year.
Miniaturization equipment consisting of a 105-mm. camera, a Morgan converter, a film-processor, and a reader-printer was installed in the Reproduction Section during the past year. The Department of Highways and the Department of
Public Works are finding this equipment very useful in their programme of miniaturization both in space-saving and security. This Division is using this equipment
mainly for security reasons.
COMPOSITE MAP SECTION
This section is responsible for the compilation and fair drawing of composite
maps, mostly on a scale of 500 feet to 1 inch, of the more densely subdivided areas
of the Province, and especially where they occur in unorganized territory (see index
3 inside back cover).
The main effort of this Section this year was the recompilation and renewal of
reference maps which, through constant use, had become worn and dirty. The total
number of reference maps recompiled and redrawn during the year was 54.
To satisfy requests from the Chief Land Inspector and the Surveyor of Taxes,
this Section commenced, in the late fall, the compilation of composite maps between
Hope and Yale, and an area in the Cheakamus Valley north of the boundary of the
Municipality of Squamish.
LAND EXAMINATION PLANS SECTION
This Section is responsible for the preparation of plans for the use of the Land
Inspectors in their examination of applications for Crown lands. These plans are a
consolidation of all the information available in this Department and pertinent to the
applications requiring inspection. A synopsis of the work accomplished by this
Section during the past six years is as follows:—
Plans Flans
Year Prepared Year Prepared
1963  2,944       1966  2,808
1964  2,827       1967  2,753
1965  2,212       1968  3,450
LAND REGISTRY OFFICE PLAN CHECKING SECTION
This Section supplies a service to the Land Registry Offices at Victoria, Vancouver, Kamloops, Nelson, Prince George, and Prince Rupert by giving a thorough
and complete mathematical check to plans tendered for deposit in the said offices.
This mathematical check is accomplished through the use of the electronic computer
which is available to this Division.
During the year, 3,182 plans received this check, as compared to 2,649 in 1967,
2,463 in 1966, and 2,436 in 1965.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
GENERAL
CC 53
The receiving and distribution of survey-posts, which are stored at 859 Devonshire Road, has operated smoothly and efficiently. The following synopsis shows
the quantities of posts shipped during the past year and to whom:—
Standard
Pipe
Driveable
Pipe
Standard
Rock
B.C.L.S.
Bars
Driveable
Pin
Post
Caps
Anchor
Plates
Purchased  by  private   surveyors
from headquarters 	
Supplied   to   Departmental   sur-
100
125
250
236
478
1,684
279
35
546
300
2,325
100
187
325
2,833
751
315
3,806
12
Shipped  to  Government   Agents
1,900
Totals-
475
2,398
860
2,725
3,345
4,872
1,912
COMPUTER OPERATIONS AND PROGRAMMING
Data processing by the Branch continued to grow during 1968. Statistics regarding the number of cards processed and the amount of computer time used
are not, however, available since this information has not been recorded by the
Data Processing Division.
Special Project in Peace River Block
Prior to the phasing-out of programme SM 119, the adjustment of all major
legal surveys to control in Townships 85 to 88, Ranges 21 to 26, west of the 6th
meridian, of the Peace River Block was completed and rectangular co-ordinates
obtained for all surveyed and unsurveyed section and district lot corners and monuments set along major rights-of-way. This system of co-ordinates in effect constitutes
an integrated survey area and should simplify both the conduct of and the issuing
of instructions for surveys in the area.
Programming
From January to June the main effort was concentrated on getting the last of
the Fortran II programmes for the I.B.M. 1620 computer converted to Fortran IV
for I.B.M. System/360. This was completed, and no Fortran II programmes are
now in use.
One new programme LSM 115, was written, which enabled the automatic plotting to any scale of points with supplied rectangular co-ordinates on the Calcomp
plotter, which is on line with the computer. This has been used with success mainly
by the Legal Surveys Division and base maps for the plotting of control points required for map and plan compilation.
Programme LSM 139*
In June, work was started on this general-purpose programme which, it is intended, shall eventually replace all the programmes presently used by the Branch.
At the year end this programme was operational with capabilities which may be summarized thus:—
(1) Computation of plane traverses and a variety of other plane surveying
operations (replacing Programmes LLS 113 and SM 119).
(2) Conversion between geographical and rectangular co-ordinates (replacing
Programme LTC 125).
=Lands, Surveys and Mapping.
 CC 54     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
(3) Computation of traverses and other operations on the spheroid in terms
of geographical co-ordinates (replacing Programmes LTC 124 and LTC
134).
(4) Plotting of points or plans from co-ordinates derived in a previous operation (replacing Programme LLS 115).
In effect, Programme LSM 139 is a control programme which calls into operation the appropriate sub-programme to perform the particular operation required.
The merit of this system lies not in having a single programme to replace a number
of other programmes, but in its ability to perform a number of distinct operations
in succession—the result of an earlier operation being passed on as data for a later
operation without the necessity for intermediate output and input between each stage,
as was required when each programme was distinct and performed only its own
particular operation.
Summary of Office Work for the Years 1967 and 1968,
Legal Surveys Division
1967 1968
Number of field books received          643 573
lots surveyed          937 894
surveys examined          589 691
lots gazetted          702 792
lots cancelled            87 71
lots amended                  353 245
mineral-claim field books prepared            25 11
reference maps compiled or renewed....           38 54
applications for purchase cleared       1,093 809
applications for pre-emption cleared ___           41 31
applications for lease cleared       6,026 7,272
timber sales cleared       4,247 3,154
Crown-grant applications cleared          989 942
cancellations made       2,149 2,807
inquiries cleared       1,268 1,215
letters received and dealt with       6,569 7,009
land-examination plans       2,753 3,450
Crown-grant and lease tracings made -      7,759 8,160
photostats made     90,756 20,688
diazo prints made  353,882 409,472
offset prints made  708,588 1,017,309
Xerox copies made  157,278 299,400
FIELD WORK
Subdivision of Crown Land
Three district lots near Powell River had to be resurveyed and enlarged to
include a gore of unsurveyed land left by an error in the old survey. One large lot
in the University Endowment Lands was created for lease. In connection with an
exchange of lands near the Quinsam River, a large block of timber land was surveyed for transfer. Part of the Village of Fort Nelson was resurveyed to change
the lot size to conform with prefabricated-building sizes. Forty-six lots for auction
were produced. One large lot alongside the road at Meziadin Lake was surveyed
for a gravel pit in conjunction with a survey of the highway. Three blocks of a
district lot at Cinema were surveyed where it was reported there was an error in
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH CC 55
the original survey. No error existed. An island in the Lillooet River was cut
into two blocks for auction. The site of the Princess Mary Restaurant in Victoria
was also surveyed to clear title.
Waterfront Lease Lots
Bednesti Lake  16
North Barriere Lake  44
Stuart Lake  17
Shuswap Lake  54
Green Lake  43
Crystal Lake  17
Sheridan Lake  46
Ness Lake  47
One Island Lake  13
Total   297
Rural Roadside Lots
Horsefly Lake Road  14
Horse Lake Road  28
Gossan Creek on Northern Trans-Provincial Highway  47
Kleanza Creek on Northern Trans-Provincial Highway   31
Green Lake Subdivision Road  156
Wasa Lake   30
Cortes Island   1
Quesnel  13
Abbotsford   2
Apex Mountain  7
Comox   2
Merville   21
Purden Lake  2
Texada Island  10
Courtenay  8
Quadra Island  6
Nanoose Bay   20
Total  398
Interdepartmental Surveys
Numerous surveys of a varied nature were again made for other departments
of Government. The Public Works Department required a survey of the site of
the Recreation and Conservation Building on Wharf Street in Victoria, a right-of-
way for a sewer-line at Craigflower, two lots at Abbotsford for an extension to
a Forest Service site, and two lots in Williams Lake Village for extension of
Government buildings.
Only one park-site was surveyed in the current year, at Whisky Creek on
Vancouver Island, for the Parks Branch of the Department of Recreation and Conservation. However, for the Fisheries Branch two jobs were done—one at Craigel-
lachie, where a survey was made to locate a fish ladder and access thereto, and
a rather larger survey of a part of the high-water mark of Duck Lake in the vicinity
 CC 56     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
of the Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area.   A road-widening of a Forest
Service road at Chilliwack Lake was completed.
Reposting and Restoration
The old townsite at Trout Lake was reposted at the request of the Department
of Highways to enable it to construct roads on the proper road allowances. Although
no old posts in the townsite were found, a lot of occupation was tied in, and the
fit with the original plan was so good it enabled the lot structure to be replaced.
Some general reposting of district lot corners at Naramata was done; however,
here the old plan does not fit well with occupation, and hence our efforts at reposting were curtailed by all the private ownership. A further extension of previous
reposting in the Highland District was carried out, and the boundary between Highland and Lake Districts was posted at all section corners. A worth-while effort
was made in the Francois Lake-Wistaria area, where a number of old lot corners
were replaced. A number of section corners were replaced in the Glinz Lake area
near Sooke.
A total of 273 district lot and section corners was replaced by our surveyors,
which, of course, includes those set on the highway surveys.
Highways
The Kamloops-Merritt Highway was surveyed over 6.7 miles of its length,
Rock Creek to Kelowna over 15.6 miles, Kootenay-Columbia Highway over 12.4
miles, the Meziadin Lake section of the Stewart-Cassiar Road over 3.6 miles, and
two areas of the Northern Trans-Provincial, 14.5 miles at McBride and 5 miles in
the Willow River section, making a grand total of 51.8 miles.
Miscellaneous Surveys
The relocation of one old district lot, numbered 1165, Kamloops Division of
Yale District, which could not be found on the ground and had never been tied
to any other survey, was taken on as a Departmental responsibility and resurveyed
in the position it was believed to be in and properly tied to the nearest survey
over 3 miles away.
A preliminary traverse in the Libby pondage area to locate, reference, and
co-ordinate old corners, prior to subdivision necessary to acquire land to be flooded,
was made in the fall of the year.
 Plate 1.
 CC 58      DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
TOPOGRAPHIC DIVISION
A. G. Slocomb, B.C.L.S., Chief
Two three-month helicopter contracts were signed to assist our field parties in
completing their assignments, which were widely separated over exact opposites in
terrain. The first, a control project, covered 14 National Topographic Series map-
sheets in the rugged mountains south of Hazelton and west of Tweedsmuir Park.
The second completed an area commenced in 1966 for the oil industry over the
muskeg-studded flat lands of the north-east corner of the Province.
Two major problems are usually encountered when working with a helicopter
in the Coast Mountains. One is snow that remains too long in the spring, preventing
the desired early start of the survey, and returns too soon in the fall, interfering with
the completion of the work. The other problem is the intervening weather. Both
can play havoc with time schedules. This summer was no exception: snow was
late in thawing and returned in August, with low clouds forcing a late start practically every day suitable for work, which resulted in a late return to camp becoming
routine.
To work amongst these rugged 8,000-foot peaks, it is of vital importance to
have a supercharged high-altitude machine. We were fortunate to be able to
charter a Bell G3-B1 from Transwest Helicopters Ltd., and it proved its suitability
for such an area. Both the machine and a very efficient crew provided excellent
service.
For the area north of Fort St. John, we chartered a Hiller 12E from Highland
Helicopters Ltd. This type of machine had proven over the past two years to be
most suitable for the many landings that had to be made on the seismic lines. It
has a high tail rotor and metal main rotor blades, both of which are an asset when
landing on an overgrown line. We were supplied with an excellent pilot and an
apprentice engineer, but when major trouble arose, a qualified engineer had to be
flown from Vancouver, resulting in the loss of six flying-days. This is one of the
problems of chartering from a small company. This past year at least one major
company has replaced many of its machines with new larger models and is not
interested in the shorter-term contracts, which means that in future we probably
will only be able to obtain the machines we require from these smaller firms.
Despite a wet summer, we completed the project commenced three years ago
for the oil industry in the north-eastern portion of our Province, extending the area
south to approximately 57° 30' north latitude. The total accomplishment for the
three seasons' work was 1,170 miles of tellurometer traverse, using 538 stations to
set 408 control monuments. Probably of more importance to the industry was the
1,204 miles of precise levels that were run to set 345 bench-marks. Also completed
was full mosaic coverage of the whole area.
Several requests for the mapping in the Coast Mountains area were received.
The Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources originally asked for this, then
ARDA became interested, and finally we agreed to meet the requirements of the
Dominion Observatory Gravity Division for its studies pertaining to the earth's
crust. This study, already commenced in the southern portion of our Province, will
cover the whole of Canada. The major portion will be a Federal responsibility,
assisted whenever feasible by crews such as ours who can combine the two needs.
Field control for 14 National Topographic Series map-sheets was obtained, and
the gravitational grid extended over the whole area (see Plate 1).
The Department's De Havilland Otter aircraft was not available to commence
the season due to the difficulty of obtaining a suitable pilot-mechanic.   We finally
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH CC 59
had to choose a pilot and supply a mechanic for the summer season. The plane
was equipped with wheels and operated out of Fort St. John to supply the levelling
crews, returning to Victoria early in August to be equipped with floats for operation
on the lakes of Tweedsmuir Park. It returned to Victoria during the first week in
September and was used by the various Land Inspectors of the Lands Branch in
their respective districts of the Province until the end of September.
Worthy of mention is the new radio repeater station, used for the first time
by the Tweedsmuir crew. It was transported by helicopter to a strategic mountain
overlooking the main camp and installed there intervisible with the camp radio.
This set then picked up any message on its frequency and retransmitted it, which
allowed the observing crews and the helicopter to maintain communication with
base camp as long as they remained intervisible with the repeater. In the past,
as soon as the crews left camp they were on their own for the rest of the day and
their return time was unknown.
Extensive use was made on this same job of three Polaroid cameras. Upon
completion of the station, a near vertical photo was taken for identification purposes
from the hovering helicopter, with the machine circling for the few minutes required
for development of the photo. This proved invaluable as the poor weather made
the usual method, which is low-level flights with the Otter aircraft, impossible.
Confirmation of the identification before leaving the site is a much-needed step
forward compared to the old method, wherein it was necessary to wait for confirmation until after the return to Victoria, and then a failure could not be retaken. The
Polaroids were also used for obtaining photos of the selected vertical points that
were co-ordinated for the gravity programme.
Integrated Survey Area No. 2 was declared in June, situate in the Peace River
Land District, comprising a portion of The Corporation of the City of Dawson Creek.
The Geodetic Survey of Canada completed and issued co-ordinate values for
a revised first-order network in the Lower Fraser Valley, which will allow the final
computation of the control surveys within this area. These surveys have had to
be held in obeyance for the past two years pending the receipt of this information.
One integrated survey crew operated this year, and completed control stations
and levelling in the Greater Vancouver area. Municipal crews set the majority
of the monuments, and our crew did the instrument work and calculations. Additional work was done in the Municipality of Surrey, where it is noted that the
engineering department has set 878 monuments since commencing integrated survey
in 1964. Two hundred and four of these comprise Integrated Survey Area No. 1.
The balance of the municipality will be declared following completion of the
computations and plan.
Two new requests were investigated and will proceed when the municipal work
is completed. The District of North Cowichan will spread its efforts over a three-
year period, with each stage comprising a completed unit, and the City of Duncan,
which is in the area, will co-operate and set forty monuments to complete the
proposed network of control.
Following a request from the District of Squamish a preliminary design of a
proposed scheme was submitted to Council for approval together with an estimate
of the costs involved.   No further action has been taken to date.
Two chain calibration base lines were established—a 200-foot base at the
Surrey Municipal Hall and a 300-foot base in the City of North Vancouver. It is
out intention to establish a base within the region of each integrated survey area
for the purpose of maintaining a common standard for all measured distances. This
information will be circulated to all surveyors and will also be available through
the municipal engineering offices.
 CC 60     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Field work was also carried out for six different mapping requirements for
various departments—namely, a proposed penstock-line, power-house, and tunnel
portal at Jordan River for the International Power and Engineering Consultants
Ltd., control for mapping of Central and North Saanich for the Regional Planning
Board, and another of the townsite of McBride for the same Board. In October a
control survey of the Libby Dam pondage was made for the Water Resources
Service covering the Kootenay River and part of the Elk River. Site plans were
supplied for the Public Works Department for The Woodlands School, New Westminster, and for a parking garage on Humboldt Street, Victoria.
Ten National Topographic map-sheets and 12 partial sheets, totalling approximately 3,750 square miles, were compiled in the Photogrammetric Section, in
addition to completion of bridging for three Mess Creek and IV2 Nass River map-
sheets. There were 18 large-scale projects, ranging in scale from 50 to 1,320 feet
to 1 inch, totalling approximately 169 square miles, consisting of nine for the
Water Resources Service, one for the Department of Highways, two for the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, two for the British Columbia Hydro and
Power Authority, one for the Department of Public Works, one for the Capital
Region Planning Board, one for the Department of Lands, Forests, and Water
Resources, and one for the Whistler Mountain Development Association. One
project for the Water Resources Service in the Bella Coola River area was bridged
on the A7, but, due to the urgency of the job, the compilation was contracted to a
private company, with the plates, photos, and control supplied by this Section. A
test area on Vancouver Island was successfully completed for the Air Division,
whereby 20-chain photo centres were established from 40-chain photography.
We again made use of the Calcomp digital incremental plotter at the Provincial
Government Computer Centre to automatically plot control on 20 National Topographic half map-sheets. Another time-saver that can now be reported on favourably concerns the pantograph attachments for the multiplex plotters purchased
several years ago. Records show that a considerable saving in compilation time has
accrued due to compiling at manuscript scale, and further economies are achieved
by the elimination of photo reductions of the plot, thus shortening the draughting
time.
A Wild A40 short-range autograph with automatic recording, leased by the
Forest Surveys Division, was installed in the Photogrammetric Section in September. Initially this machine was leased on a trial basis, so our personnel helped to
install and calibrate the machine, then established through testing an operational
procedure. Forest Service personnel were then trained, and the operation of the
equipment turned over to them, with supervision supplied by this Division if and
when it is required.
Orthophoto mapping has progressed considerably within the past year, and
in line with our policy of trying to keep abreast of new procedures, a study was
made of the subject using samples of several areas, including one made especially
for us by Carl Zeiss Company, Germany, of an area near Cowichan Lake. A descriptive display was designed and shown to various departments that had indicated
some interest in the subject. Enough enthusiasm was shown to justify further
investigation, with all indications pointing to this as a coming system of mapping,
particularly in the fields of forestry and geology.
Forty eye tests for stereo vision were given and recorded. Of the men tested,
14 were from Forest Engineering, nine from the Air Division, six from the Forest
Inventory Division, six from the British Columbia Vocational School, and five
from our personnel.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 61
The Draughting Section reports the compilation of 28 standard topographic
manuscripts at the scale of 2 inches to 1 mile, 15 of which were on a new procedure
whereby no names or title block is supplied.
One hundred and fifty-seven large-scale mapping plans at various scales were
completed, as well as 18 Federal Government 1:50,000 scale manuscripts on
which we plotted the cadastral survey. Fifty mosaics were assembled, most of
which were to complete the Fort Nelson-Fort St. John project for the oil industry.
These mosaics will be photo-rectified to scale and made available to any who
wish to purchase copies.
One integrated survey plan was completed covering the greater portion of
The Corporation of the City of Dawson Creek.
The Federal Government now has 73 of our 1:50,000 scale manuscripts on
hand for printing, which are in various stages of reproduction.
Copies of the photogrammetric large-scale mapping and the completed manuscripts listed following this report are available on request. The reader is also
referred to the indexes contained in the envelope attached to the back cover of
this Annual Report.
128°
MOSAIC COMPLETED
124°
120°
Index of Air-photograph Mosaics
Approximate scale of mosaics: 1 inch equals one-half mile. Each mosaic covers
one-half of a National Topographic Series map (example, 94 H/6 E. Vz), and the price
of each sheet is 60 cents per copy. Prints available from Legal Surveys Division, Surveys
and Mapping Branch, Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources, Victoria,
British Columbia.
 CC 62     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
List of Air-photograph Mosaics Showing Date of Air Photography
Sheet No.
Date of
Air Photo
94 A/5    May, 1963; September,
94 A/6 --.    August
94 A/7     August
94 A/8   _  September
94 A/9 ___ _   __ September
94 A/10   --August
94 A/11     August
94 A/12    May, 1963; Sept., 1964; Sept.
94 A/13       Sept., 1964; Sept.
94 A/14     May, 1963;
94 A/15    May, 1963;
94 A/16   	
94 G/7  	
94 G/8   	
Sept., 1966; Aug.
Sept., 1966; Aug.
Sept., 1964; Sept.
August.
August.
94 G/9    - June-August
94 G/10
94G/15
94G/16
94H/1  ..
94H/2 _
94H/3 -
94 H/4       Sept..
94 H/5    	
.June-August
 June,
— June.
 September.
 September.
  August
1964; Aug.
August
94 H/6     August
94 H/7    - August
94 H/8   __ _„  August
94H/9   June-August.
94 H/10 	
94H/11  	
94H/12  _ _
94 H/13  _	
94 H/14 _	
94H/15 _	
94 H/16  	
94 1/1  	
94 1/2 	
94 1/3    	
94 1/4    June-August.
 June-August
 June-August
 June-August,
 June.
 _ June
 June.
  June.
 June:
 June
    June.
94 1/5
94 1/6
941/7 „
941/8 _
941/9 ..
94 1/10
94 1/11   September.
. June.
 June.
.May-June.
-May-June.
 May
May
94 1/12
94 1/13
94 1/14
941/15
94 1/16
-May-September.
 September,
 September.
 May
— May.
, 1964
,1967
,1967
, 1964
, 1964
, 1967
,1967
,1966
,1966
,1967
, 1967
, 1966
,1967
,1967
, 1967
,1967
,1967
, 1967
,1964
, 1966
, 1967
, 1967
,1967
, 1967
, 1967
, 1967
, 1967
, 1967
,1967
, 1967
:, 1967
, 1967
,1967
, 1967
,1967
, 1967
,1967
,1967
, 1967
, 1967
, 1967
,1967
, 1967
, 1967
, 1966
, 1966
, 1966
,1966
, 1967
,1967
Sheet No.
94 J/1   	
94 J/2  	
94 J/3   	
94 J/6 	
94 J/7 	
94 J/8 	
94 J/9   	
94 J/10   	
94 J/11 —
Date ot
Air Photo
. June-August, 1967
. June-August.
. June-August
  June.
 June
  June
   September,
   September
  May-June,
94 J/12      — May-June.
94 J/13     May
94 J/14  May
94 J/15     September
94 J/16    _   September,
94 N/1 —   May-June,
94 N/8 — _  May-June,
94 N/9    _ _  May,
94 N/16     May
94 O/l  September,
94 0/2    May-June
94 0/3    __ May-June,
..May-June
 .May,
 -May.
May
94 0/4
94 0/5
94 0/6 .
94 0/7 -
94 O/8   .
94 0/9  ..
94 0/10
94 0/11
94 0/12
94 0/13
94 0/14      May.
94 O/l5  -   May,
94 0/16    May-September.
-May-September
- May-September.
   May
 May.
 May,
- May
94P/1   .
94P/2   .
94P/3 ..
94 P/4 -
94P/5 _
94P/6 -
94 P/7 ..
94P/8 ..
94P/9 ..
94P/10
94P/11
94P/12
94P/13
94 P/14
94P/15
94 P/16
- May
 — May
—  September,
- May-September
..May-September
  September
May-September
. May-September
. May-September,
..May-September,
 September,
. September
, September
. May-September
-May-September,
-May-September,
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1966
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1967
1966
1967
1967
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
Large-scale Mapping
No.
Name
Available
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
XI
S.P.I
S.P. 2
Goldfields -	
Richmond  	
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
1"=800', 900',
1,000', 1,320'
1"=200', 600',
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=20 ch.
1"=   550'
1"=10 ch.
l"=10ch.
1"=10 ch.
1"=1,300'
1"=13 ch.
1"=   100'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   100'
100'
Mosaic
5'-50', then 50'
5'-50', then 50'
20'
20'
100'
50'
50'
50'
500'
5'
50'
20'^tO'
5'
18
20
t1)
13
1
1
38
8
1957
S.P. 3
1958
1
2
Squamish-	
1952
1951-52
3
1950
4
1951-52
5
1951
6
7
Kemano	
1952-53
1951
8
1951-52
9
10
Salmo	
1952
1952
11
1952
1 One map (5e) .
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
CC 63
No.
Name
Available
Scale          ,
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
13
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,320'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=1,320'
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,000'
1"= 1,320'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
l"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   400'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,000'
1"= 1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   600'
1"=1,000'
1"=   600'
1"=1,320'
l"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=2,640'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,320'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"= 1,000'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
V-   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=     40'
I"-     40'
50'
10'-20'
20'-40'
50'
5'
Spot heights
5'-10'-25'
5'-10'-25'
Planimetric
50'
20'-100'
20'-40'
20'-40'
50'
50'
20'^10'
20'-40'
20'^tO'
50'
20'
20'
50'
20'^0'
10'
10'
10'
20'
5'-10'-15'
20'-40'
10'
20'
10'
Planimetric
10'-20'
20'^t0'
20'-40'
20'-40'
20'
10'
10'-20'
20'
20'
20'
50'
5'
5'
50'
100'
20'
20'
10'
20'-2,600', then 50'
20'
10'
10'
20'
25'
20'
10'
10'
10' and 20'
10' and 20'
20'
2'
2' and 5'
6
13
28
73
2
7
1
("2")
11
12
8
6
6
1
1
26
3
48
8
23
11
5
2
7
7
20
8
11
2
4
2
4
5
3
9
16
40
7
3
10
2
8
17
1
10
2
2
98
5
10
4
3
10
48
5
1
25
20
17
4
5
1953
14
1951
15
1953
16
1953
17
18
Agassiz 	
1953
1953-54
19
Doukhobor lands—
1953-54
Krestova-Raspberry, etc.
1953-54
1963
20
21
24
28
M2
Brooks Peninsula  —
Agassiz (Extension)	
Moran Pondage	
Clearwater -
1953-54
1954
1954-55
M3
1955
M4
1955
M5
1955
M6
M7
Churn Creek 	
Willow Creek	
1955
1955-56
M8
M9
Upper McGregor River	
1956
1956-62
Mil
1955
M12
1955
M13
1954
M14
M15
Kelowna   	
1954
1954
M16
M17
Lower McGregor River -
1956
1954
M21
M24
Clearwater  	
1955
1956
M27
1958
M29
M30
Naramata 	
1956
1956
M34
1957
M36
1957
M37
1956-57
M38
1956-57
M39
1956-57
(1957)
M39
1959
(1958)
M39
1960
(1960)
M40
M41
M42
Chilliwack River	
Summit Lake Diversion	
1956
1959
1957
M43
M44
Alert Bay -  	
1956
1958
M45
1958
M52
M54
Kaslo 	
Big Bar 	
1958-60
1957
M56
1958
M59
1958
M62
1958
M63
1958-59
M63a
Parsnip River Pondage Addi-
1961-68
1962
M66
1958
M67
1958
M68
1958
M70
1958
M73
M73
North Okanagan	
1959
1959
M74
1959
M75
M76
M77
M83
M84
Duncan	
Nanaimo -	
Prince George	
Oakalla	
Victoria University, Gordon
Head	
1959
1960
1960-61
1960
1960
2 See Map No. 17.
 CC 64     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
No.
Name
Available
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
M88
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=   300'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=     50'
1"=   100'
1"=1,000'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   250'
1"=   500'
1"=     50'
I"—   100'
1"=1,000'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=   500'
1"=1,320'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=     40'
1"=1,000'
1"= 1,320'
1"=1,000'
V—   500'
1"=   500'
1"= 1,000'
1"=   400'
1"=     40'
1"=     40'
1"=   500'
1"=1,000'
1"=     40'
1"=   100'
1"=     50'
1"=   100'
1"=      50'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   600'
1"=   600'
1"=1,000'
1"=   100'
1"=   300'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,000'
1"=   200'
1"=   500'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"= 1,000'
1"=   200'
1"=1,320'
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
1"=   200'
10' and 20'
20'
5'
20'
5'
5'
5'
10'
10'
2'
Spot heights
50'
20'
Planimetric
20'
5'
5'-10'
2'
2'
20'
10'
10' and 20'
10' and 20'
20'
2' and 4'
10'-20'
10'
2'
20'
50'-100'
20'
10'
25'
50'
10'
2'
10'
25' and 50'
2'
10'
2'
10'-20'
2'-5'
2'
5'
20'-50'
20'
20'
50'
2' and 5'
5' and 20'
5'
5'
50'
25'-2,500', then 50'
25'-50'
5'
10'
5'
10'
50'
5'
100'
5' and spot heights
50'
5'
11
5
5
14
15
19
24
11
4
4
2
6
5
12
3
4
8
2
3
68
7
7
4
9
4
3
5
1
6
4
4
7
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
23
1
1
8
24
1
1
1
1
31
3
2
1
9
16
4
10
2
3
1
27
1963
M88
1964-65
M89
1960
M89
1960
M90
M90A
M90B
M92
Similkameen 	
Similkameen „ 	
Similkameen	
1961
1965
1966-67
1962
M98
1960
M100
M100
M105
M107
Essondale 	
Essondale 	
Clearwater Lake-Azure Lake
1962
1962
1962
1961
M108
1961
M109
Mill
M113
London   Mountain   (Mount
Whistler)	
Clearwater River Dam-site —
1961
1961
1963
M114
1962
M114
M117
Tranquille  	
1962
1962
M117
1962
M118
1962
M121
Winfield 	
1961
M122
M125
Stuart Lake Pondage -	
1962
1962
M126
1962
M127
M129
Parksville 	
1965
1962
M130
M131
M134
McGregor River Pondage-
Long Lake -	
1962
1962
1962
M135
Ml 36
M138
M139
Quesnel	
Haney	
Hobson Lake Extension	
1963-65
1962
1962
1962
M141
M141
M142
M144
Legislature Precinct, Victoria
Legislature Precinct, Victoria
(under-surface plan)	
Kaleden  	
1963
1963
1963
1963
M145
M146
Kamloops Government
Buildings	
1963
1963
M146
1963
Ml 50
1963
M150
1963
M151
1963
M152
1963
M155
M158
Sechelt— .,
1964
1964
M160
M161
Ladysmith 	
1964
1964
M162
1964
M163
1964
M164
M165
Saanich Garbage Disposal ...
1964
1964
Ml 65
1964
M168
Peace River Pondage (Find-
1965
M170
1965-66
M171
1965
M171
1965
M172
1965
M172
1965-66
M173
1965
M175
M176
M178
Shuswap Canal Diversion.—.
Stewart—  	
1965-66
1965
1965
M179
M180
Niskonlith—	
1965
1967
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
Large-scale Mapping—Continued
CC 65
No.
Name
Avail-
able
Scale
Contour
Interval
No. of
Sheets
Date
M181
M182
Nematode	
Yes
In hand
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
In hand
Yes
Yes
In hand
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
In hand
In hand
In hand
In hand
In hand
In hand
In hand
No
No
No
1"=   200'
1"=1,000'
1"=   200'
1"=1,000'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
1"—   500'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   100'
1"=   200'
1"=1,000'
l"r=l,000'
l"=nl,320'
1"=   500'
1"=   100'
1"=     50'
1"=   200'
1"=   100'
1"=   400'
1"=   500'
1"=     16'
1"=   200'
1"=   200'
1"=   600'
1"=   100'
1"=1,320'
1"=1,320'
1"=   100'
1"=   500'
V—   200'
1"=   400'
1"=   200'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
1"=   400'
5'
20'
10'
20'-100'
2'
5'
5' and spot heights
5'
24'
10'
2'
5'
2'
10'
20'
20'
25'
20'
20-100 cm.
5'
50'
5'
20'
10'
2'
5'
5'
20'
5'
25'
50'
2'
20'
10'
10'
5'
10'
10'
10'
2'
2'-5'
2'
1
21
4
53
4
4
3
2
5
3
6
1
5
9
31
28
7
1
1
1
1
9
24
9
2
16
3
3
12
2
1
1
1
2
2
5
1
1965
1968
(1968)
M182
1965
M182
1965-66
M186
1966
M188
1966
Ml 89
1966
M196
M197
M198
Keremeos 	
Hurley Pass	
1966
1966
1966
M200
M201
M202
Merritt 	
Archaeology- 	
1967
1966
1966-67
M204
1967
M205
1968
M210
M215
Kechika	
1967
1967-68
M216
Black   Mountain   Irrigation
1967
M217
1967
M218
Hells Gate	
1967
M218
Hells Gate	
1967
M220
1968
M222
1968
M226
1968
M228
1967
M230
Peace River Dam-sites, C
1968
M232
M233
Squamish	
1968
M233
1968
M234
M236
1968
M237
1968
M238
1968
M238
1968
M243
1968
M245
M245
M246
M246
M249
Saanich Peninsula-	
Towdystan-Chilanko Forks	
Young Creek-Towdystan.
Libby Pondage—	
M250
1"=     40'
1"=   400'
1"=     20'
1"=     20'
1"=     20'
M251
Hope-Merritt	
Government House Grounds
Victoria University Campus-
1959
1960
1963
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work
Manuscripts complete except as follows:—
* Field work not complete, photo identification of shoreline stations only.
t Field work completed, no manuscript available.
X Compilation completed, no manuscript available.
Sheet
82F/3  -—
82 F/4 	
82K/11W.
82K/12 _.
82L/7  —
82L/10  —
82M/13   -
83D/4   —
83D/5
83D/12   -
83D/13
92B/5   ....
92 B/5 W.
3
W.
Date
 1951, 1960
 1944, 1947
  1952
  1952
   1958
  1958
 -   1959
  1959
    1959
 1959, 1960
  1960
.1937, 1938, 1955
  $1963
Sheet
92 B/6 W
92B/11 W.
92B/12
92 B/13
92B/13
92 B/14
92 B/14
92C/8
92C/8
92C/9
92C/9
92 C/10
92 C/10
w.                                 	
   1938, 1955,
   -1942, 1943,
 $1963,
 -1937,
 1937,
 -1937.
Date
1955
1955
1963
1951
1968
1951
$1968
1938
$1963
1938
$1963
1938
$1965
 cc 66    department of lands, forests, and water resources
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work-
Continued
Sheet
92C/11, E.
92C/11, E.
92C/13, E.
92 C/14
92C/14, E., part
92C/15  	
92C/15   - 	
92C/16   	
92C/16   	
92E/1.E	
92E/7, E.  	
92E/8   _
92 E/9 	
92E/10 -
92E/14   	
92E/16   	
92 F/l    	
92F/1   	
92 F/2    _.
92F/2, part 	
92 F/3   	
92F/4   	
92F/5   	
92F/6  	
92F/7   	
92F/7, part 	
92F/8   	
92 F/8   - 	
92F/9   	
92F/10   	
92F/11   	
92F/12   	
92F/13   	
92 F/14
Date
  1938
 $1965
  1938
  1938
 $1965
.1937, 1938
-$1965
-1937, 1938, 1942
 --$1965
  1942
  1946
 1943, 1946
..1938, 1940, 1947
  - 1947
   1948
  - 1947
  1942, 1943
-$1965
-1938, 1940, 1942
- $1965
-1938, 1940, 1941
1942
 1937, 1938, 1943
-1938, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943
 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943
. $1965
.1942, 1943, 1950
 $1965
  1950
1950, 1953
.1934, 1935
92 F/15, E., part
92 F/16, E., part
92G/4   	
92 G/4 _...
92G/5    	
92 G/7, part  	
92 G/10, part   	
92G/11 	
92G/12   	
92 G/13   	
92G/14   	
92H/1   	
92H/2   	
92H/3   	
92H/4   	
92 1/12   _.......
92 1/13
.1936, 1937, 1938
- 1935, 1936
    1935
  1950
   1950
 1942, 1943
 $1963-65
 1950, 1952
_  1940
   1940
1952
1950, 1952
1950, 1952
1952
-1920, 1923, 1950
-1923, 1949
92 J/4, W	
92 J/15   	
92 J/16  	
92 K/l, E., part
92K/2, E	
92 K/2, W.    	
92K/3 	
92K/4 	
92K/5  	
92K/6 	
92K/7 	
92K/8, W	
92K/10.W.  	
92K/11   	
92K/12   	
92K/13   	
92K/14   	
92K/15   	
92L/1   	
92L/2   	
92L/3   	
92 L/4    	
92L/6   	
92L/7    _.
92L/8  	
.1924, 1931, 1948, 1949
  1948,  1956
  1958
    1958
     ... *1962
 1948, 1949
  1948, 1949
  1950
  "1962
 $1961
  - 1949
  1949
 _ — 1949
  - 1949
 $1961
  - —,*1962
._ __ "1962
  *1962
 „ »1962
   *1962
  * 1962
   * 1962
   1932
 1931, 1932
   1948
  1948
Sheet
92L/10   —
92L/11   —
92L/12   	
92L/13   	
92M/2  	
92M/3  	
92M/4  	
92M/5   	
92M/6   	
92M/11.W.
92M/12   .	
92M/13      -
Date
1931, 1940, 1956
   1940
 1935, 1936
 —   1936
  *1962
   1959
  „ 1959
-     1959
   *1962
 *1962
  *1962
  *1962
92 M/14, W.   *1962
92 N/1    1958
92 N/7       1958
92 N/8        1958
92 N/9   1958
92 N/10    1958
92 N/15       1958
92 O/l      1950
92 0/2   1947
92 0/3      1958
92 0/4      1958
92 0/5     1958
92 0/6    1958
92 0/7    1950, 1958
92 0/8       1950
92 0/9     1951
92 O/10    1958
92 O/l 1    - 1958
92 0/12    1958
92 0/16    1951
92 P/2         1959
92 P/3     1959
92 P/4      1958
92 P/5     1958
92 P/6     1959
92 P/7          1959
92 P/10     1959
92 P/ll        1959
92 P/12     1958
92 P/13     1958
92 P/14     1959
92 P/15       1959
92 P/16     1959
93 A/1    1959
93 A/2   1936, 1959, 1960
93 A/3      ...1959, 1960
93 A/4      1959
93 A/5     -„ 1935
93 A/6      1935
93 A/7    1936, 1959, 1960
93 A/8       - 1959
.1931, 1934, 1940
  1931
 1931, 1932
93 A/9, E.   -
93 A/9, W.   .
93 A/10	
93 A/11   —
93 A/12
93 A/13   	
93 A/14
93 A/15   .	
93 A/16   -	
93B/1   	
93B/6   	
93B/7   	
93B/8   	
93 B/9    - -	
93B/9, W.   .
93B/10
93B/11   	
93B/12   .	
93 B/13   	
93 B/14
93B/15
93B/16   —
93 B/16, W.
 1959, 1960
 $1959, 1960
 1934, 1960
 1933, 1934
.1931, 1933, 1934
   1934
 1933, 1934
 1934, 1960
  $1960
  1951
 $1963
 $1963
  1952
  1950
  $1965
  - $1963
 $1963
 $1963
  $1963
  $1963
 $1963
  1950
 $1965
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 67
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work—
Continued
Sheet
93 C/5   	
93D/2 	
93D/3  ---
93D/4 	
93 D/5  	
93D/6  	
93 D/7, E.
93 D/7, W.
93 D/8   -	
93 D/ll, E.
93 E/5, E. .
93 E/5, W.
93E/6  	
93E/11   	
93E/12   	
93 G/2   	
93 G/3   	
93 G/4   .	
93G/5   -	
93 G/6   .	
93 G/7	
93 G/10 —
93G/11 —
93 G/12 —
93 G/14   —
93 1/8   	
93 1/9   	
93 1/10
93 1/11   .	
93 1/12   	
93 1/13   -	
93 1/14
93 1/15   —
93 1/16   	
93 J/2    -
93 J/3	
93 J/5   	
93 J/6  	
93 J/11   	
93 J/12  	
93 J/13   .	
93 K/l —
93 K/2 	
93 K/7 -—
93 K/8  	
93 K/9  	
93K/10
93K/11   	
93 K/12 —
93K/13 -—
93 K/l4 —
93 K/l5  —
93 K/16 	
93 L/2   	
93L/3   —
93L/4	
93L/5   	
93L/6
93 L/7   	
93 L/8   	
93L/9 —
93L/10 —
93L/11
93 L/12   	
93L/13   —
93 L/14   	
93L/15   —
93 L/16
93M/1  —
93 M/2  	
93M/5  	
93 M/7  	
93 M/8  	
93 M/9 --.
93 M/10 -
93M/11   ....
Date
  1959
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
 *1962
  1958
 ....»1962
..1958, 1959
 *1962
 - $1968
 $1963
 $1968
 $1968
 $1968
-1933, 1960
  1960
  1960
-  1960
_ — 1960
-1933, 1960
  1960
  1960
-  1960
  1948
   1956
_  1956
  1956
   1957
  1957
  1957
—  1957
  1956
  1956
  1949
 - 1949
  1961
—  1961
  1961
  1961
  1961
  1946
—  1946
  1960
 _ 1960
- - 1960
  1960
   1961
   1961
  1961
—-   1961
  1961
  1961
  1951
 $1968
 $1968
 $1968
 $1968
  1951
  1951
 -- 1951
-1950, 1951
 -- 1950
 $1968
 $1968
  1950
  1962
  1962
  1962
  1963
 - 1949
  1963
  1963
._  1963
 — 1963
  1963
Sheet
93 M/12  	
93M/13	
93 M/14  	
93 M/15   	
93M/16  	
93 N/1 _.
93 N/2 .._	
93 N/3  	
93 N/4 	
93 N/5   --
93 N/6 	
93 N/7 	
93 N/8 	
93 N/9 —	
93 N/10	
93 N/11  	
93 N/12  	
93 O/l  	
93 0/4   	
93 0/5	
93 0/6  -	
93 0/8  	
93 O/l1  	
93 0/12 —	
93 0/13   	
93 0/14 	
93 P/l	
93 P/2   —	
93 P/3   	
93 P/4   	
93P/5	
93P/6   	
93 P/7   	
93 P/8   	
94B/4   	
94, C, part   -
94 D/l	
94D/2 	
94D/3  —	
94D/4  	
94 D/5  	
94D/6 —
94 D/7 	
94 D/8  	
94 E, part _
94 F, part __
94 L, part ...
94 M, part _
102 1/8, E.   -
102 1/9   	
102 1/15    -	
102 1/16   -—
102 P/8, E. ..
102P/9.E. -
102P/16  	
103 A/1 -
103 A/2, E. .
103 A/6, E.   .
103 A/7  -	
103 A/8  -	
103 A/9  	
103 A/10  -—
103 A/11  —.
103 A/13, E.
103 A/14
103 A/15  	
103 A/16 -	
103G/1.E. ..
103 G/7, E. _
103 G/8  -	
103 G/9 	
103 G/10, E.
103 G7T5, E.
103 G/16 .	
103 H/l, W.
103 H/2 	
Date
   1949
  $1963
  $1963
 — $1963
 — $1963
  $1962
  $1962
, .$1962
 —$1962
  $1962
 $1962
 $1962
, -—$1962
-  $1962
  —$1962
  $1962
 $1962
  1957
  $1961
 $1961
    1957
-   1957
 -  1957
   1957
 -   1957
   1957
   1956
— -- 1956
   1957
 - 1957
 -  1957
 - 1957
 - - 1956
   1956
 1939, 1957
 -  1939
— —$1963
 $1963
— - -$1963
  $1963
-  $1963
-   $1963
—- -$1963
-   $1963
  1939
   1939
 -1940, 1941
   1941
 1935, 1937
-1935, 1936, 1937
-   1937
 1936, 1937
—    1961
-   1961
  1961
 - - 1961
    1961
 -  *1963
-  *1963
  1961
 - - 1961
 *1963
— —-*1963
- - 1961
—- - *1963
  *1963
 - ___..* 1963
 — 1961
 -  1961
     - 1961
 -- — 1961
 —.. 1961
- —  1961
 -- 1961
 -  *1963
  *1963
 CC 68      DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
British Columbia Topographic Surveys Showing Dates of Field Work-
Continued
Sheet Date
103 H/3       - —- 1961
103 H/4   —   - —- 1961
103 H/5   -      1961
103 H/6   -  -    1961
103 H/7 — - - — —.* 1962
103 H/8   -   *1962
103 H/10     ----- -* 1962
103H/15   -- —- *1962
103 1/1     - $ 1968
103 1/2         1949
103 1/7     - -- 1948
103 1/8       $ 1968
103 1/10         1947
103 P/9      1949
103 P/10.E.     -   1950
103 P/14.E — — -    1950
103 P/15         1950
103 P/16      $ 1967
104 A/1    $1967
104 A/2, E.    $1967
104 A/2, W.      1950
104 A/3    _   1950
104 A/4      $1967
104 A/5, E. —   _. .._ _. 1950
104 A/5, W $1967
104 A/6    1950
104 A/7     $ 1967
104 A/8      $1967
104 A/10  - _  $ 1967
104 A/11, E.     $1967
104 A/11, W -     1951
104 A/12   - - 1951
104 A/13, E.    $1967
104 A/13, W     - 1951
104 A/14   - $1967
104 A/15   : $ 1967
104 B/l     $ 1967
104 B/7     -$1967
104 B/8    _ —$1967
104 B/9    $1967
104B/10      $1967
104B/11      $1967
104 B/12, E.     -  $1967
104 B/12, W - —$1966
Sheet
104B/13, E.
104B/13, W.
104 B/14   -—
104B/15   —
104B/16   	
104 G/l
Date
—-$1965
 $1966
 $1965
— $1965
- 1951
1951
104 G/2     $1965
104 G/3  -- -- - —$1965
104 G/4, E. $1965
104 G/4, W -- -$1966
104, G/5, E.     -- $1965
104 G/5, W.     —   - $1966
104 G/6  $1965
104 G/7   - - $1965
104 G/8    - -  1951
104 G/9 .
104 G/10
104 G/ll
104 G/12
104 G/13
104 G/14
104 G/15
104G/16
104 H/12, W.
104 H/13, W.
104 J/2, W.   „
104 J/3    -
104 J/4  	
104 J/5  	
104 J/12   	
104 J/13   	
104K/16.E.
104 N/1   	
104 N/2
.... 1951
— $1966
...$1966
....$1966
—$1966
.... 1951
— 1951
- 1951
— 1951
— 1951
— 1952
— 1952
— 1952
— 1952
— 1952
-- 1952
104 N/3, E	
104 N/5 	
104 N/6 	
104 N/7, W	
104 N/7, E., part
104 N/11, W.   —
104 N/12 	
104 N/13 	
104 P, part 	
104 P/15   	
-1952, 1953
-1952, 1953
  1953
-  1953
  1952
..1952, 1953
  1953
  1953
  1952
  1952
  1952
  1941
  1941
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 69
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
W. R. Young, B.C.L.S., Chief
Tables A to K at the end of this Division's report provide a statistical framework of work done during 1968. This written portion focuses on some of the data
in the tables and also supplies information of a non-statistical or descriptive nature.
Staff changes during 1968 included replacements arising out of resignations of
a Mapping Assistant 1 in the Trigonometric Control Section and a Clerk-Stenographer 2. In August the Chief of the Division accompanied the Surveyor-General
on a visit to field crews in the Northern and Central Interior, while in October he
travelled to Edmonton, Alta., to attend the annual meeting of the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names.
Thanks to a fortunate combination of circumstances, the Supervisor of Map
Distribution, Mr. T. Hinton, narrowly escaped death in a marine accident at Shawnigan Lake on July 7th. We were pleased to welcome his return to work a few weeks
later.
Compared with 1967, an increase of close to 12 per cent was recorded in map
distribution. As may be seen in Table E, the 128,303 sheets sold and distributed
pushed totals to a new record for the third consecutive year.
It was a notable year in terms of the number of new maps issued and reprints
of existing editions. Ten new sheets were published, of which nine were completely
revised editions of earlier prints. Another eight maps were reprinted without revision in order to replenish depleted stocks. It should be noted that two of the
unrevised sheets, Kamloops Lake and Shuswap Lake, appeared early in 1968,
while revised second editions of the same maps came off the press toward the end
of the year. One of the reprinted sheets, SGS-1 (Vancouver Island), has proven
to be the most popular single map yet produced by this Division. Between September, 1967, and December, 1968, a total of 11,210 copies of SGS-1 had been distributed. As listed in Table H, six of the new editions marked a continuation of
the Provincial National Topographic coverage at 1 inch to 2 miles and 1:250,000
scales. These were 92 B-C (Victoria), 92 M (Rivers Inlet), and 93 C (Anahim
Lake) at 1:250,000 scale, and 82 L/NW (Shuswap Lake), 92 I/NE (Kamloops
Lake), and 92 I/SW (Lytton) at 1 inch to 2 miles. On Maps 92 M and 93 C,
glaciers and snowfields were tinted in light blue, whereas formerly such areas were
left white.   This procedure will continue to be used on subsequent maps.
During the last 15 years the Geographic Division had produced a dozen maps
at l-inch-to-30-miles scale showing various Provincial administrative boundaries.
Because they frequently had to be revised, most of them had been drawn on a transparent base for ozalid reproduction. During 1968 several of the administrative maps
were redrawn at the smaller but more convenient scale of 1 inch to 84 miles and
processed through the multilith facilities available in the Legal Surveys Division.
These are now being distributed as a 10-sheet set (Map IS). Because of the large
number of school districts and ranger districts in the Province, it was impractical to
reduce the school district sheet and the forest, grazing, and ranger district map, and
they are still available in ozalid form at 1 inch to 30 miles.
As may be seen in Table D, the number of map-sheets checked for nomenclature totalled 49, compared with 48 the previous year. Besides processing 260
new place-names through the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical
Names, the Gazetteer Section checked 52 reference maps and prepared 35 name
record sheets for use by the Forest Service, Air Division, Legal Surveys Division,
Topographic Division, and the general public.
 CC 70     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Restructuring of the Surveys and Mapping Branch of the Federal Department
of Energy, Mines and Resources resulted in the records section of the Gazetteer of
Canada being transferred from the Geographical Branch to the Surveys and Mapping
Branch.
Federal Government mapping agencies provided stocks of 42 map-sheets during the year, and another 42 sheets at 1:50,000 scale were printed in Ottawa from
Provincial topographic manuscripts. The latter are listed in Table I. Provincial
topographic manuscripts awaiting reproduction in Ottawa at the end of the year
are given in Table K. In November, Federal Government provisional maps at
1:50,000 scale began to appear in single-sheet form rather than in the east half and
west half division, which has been made for many years in National topographic
units. By the end of the year this Division had received nine of the single-sheet
1:50,000 maps.
The last of the 1:50,000-scale maps published by the Army Survey Establishment were received in 1968. Because of a redefinition of functions for military
mapping, all Federal maps for civilian use are now being reproduced by the Surveys
and Mapping Branch of the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources. Our
association with the Army Survey Establishment spanned a period of over 20 years
on an official basis and unofficially for several years prior to 1947, and the spirit
of co-operation which they extended to us is something which we take pleasure in
remembering.
Two members of the staff completed a field check of cultural detail for sheets
82E/SE (Grand Forks) and 92 I/SE (Merritt) in connection with editing of
revised editions of these l-inch-to-2-miles maps. The Merritt and Grand Forks
sheets are listed in Table J together with other Provincial maps in process.
The Trigonometric Control Section ran least-square adjustments on 12 projects,
of which seven were done under the " Cosmos " programme and five under the
" Bride " programme (see Tables A and B).
The research officer made a field trip to the Kootenay Bulletin Area (No. 1)
and also completed the revised second edition of the Kamloops Bulletin Area (No.
6). Minor revisions were made to the text and maps of Bulletins Nos. 1, 2, 4, 5,
7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 for reprinting purposes. Also a description of the National Topographic System of Map Indexing was prepared for multilith reproduction.
Five representative maps done by early surveyors (H. S. Palmer, A. L. Poudrier,
J. D. Pemberton, J. W. Trutch, and F. C. Swannell) were selected from the Surveys
and Mapping Branch collection of original maps and from the Provincial Archives,
and after appropriate captions had been prepared were added to the survey display
in the new Provincial Museum.
The Geographic Division continued to do special mapping work for other
Government departments, and during 1968, 28 such jobs were completed.
Complete Indexes to Published Maps, Indexes 8 to 14, may be found in the
manila envelope attached to the back cover of this Annual Report.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
STATISTICAL COMPUTATIONS
Table A.—Least-square Adjustments by " Cosmos " Completed
CC 71
Net
Locality
Type of
Bearings
Number of
Triangles or
Traverse Stations Involved
True
True
True
True
True
True
True
113
223
166
16
Provincial	
Lower Fraser Valley  	
223
13
114
Table B.—Least-square Adjustments by "Bride " Completed
Net
Locality
Type of
Bearings
Number of
Triangles or
Traverse Stations Involved
Provincial 	
Provincial.	
Nelson    	
Trail-Rossland	
Grid
Grid
Grid
Grid
Grid
81
87
147
229
65
Table C—Records
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
Index cards—
New    -
781
6
34,072
341
1,475
293
35,547
389
1,693
1,453
37,240
334
673
2,482
37,913
368
1,184
912
39,097
361
883
2,102
39,980
412
Total on file — .-    	
Well-site surveys checked during 1968, 206.
Table D.—Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
59
6,821
375
22
6,090
277
93
5,584
402
85
11,428
440
48
13,018
314
49
Number of names checked	
Number of new names recorded   	
4,754
260
 CC 72     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
Table E.—Map Stock and Distribution
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
8,700
78,165
116,705
$48,674
10,395
88,322
71,178
$58,469
9.429
86,755
107,741
$56,152
9,550
95,540
155,133
$62,977
11,639
114,723
261,314
$73,550.82
12,174
128,303
221,187
$77,086.36
Table F.—Geographic Work for Other Departments and Public
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
18
$1,729
19
$5,213
1
20
$4,460
23
$4,307
22
$2,927.13
28
$1,612.36
Table G.—Letters
1963 I  1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
7,274 j 8,469
1
7,297
8,007
9,481
9,044
Table H.—Maps Prepared and Reproduced by the Geographic Division,
Victoria, during 1968
Map No.
Name
Scale
Remarks
Is
ljR
lG
lGL
92B-C
92 M
93 C
82 L/NW
92 I/NE
92 I/SW
P.S. B-2
SGS-1
IE
lEL
92 G
93 K
82 L/NW
92 B/NW-SW
92 I/NE
New Editions
British   Columbia   Administrative   Boundary
Maps (10-sheet set)   	
British Columbia Relief Map  	
East Central British Columbia (planimetric)	
East Central British Columbia (landforms)	
Victoria (second status edition) 	
Rivers Inlet (second status edition) 	
Anahim Lake (second status edition) -	
Shuswap Lake (second status edition)	
Kamloops Lake (second status edition)	
Lytton (second status edition)   _
Bowron Lake Park  	
Reprints
Vancouver Island  	
South-eastern British Columbia (planimetric)—.
South-eastern British Columbia (landforms)	
Vancouver (second status edition) 	
Fort Fraser (second status edition) _
Shuswap Lake (first status edition) _	
Victoria (first status edition) —	
Kamloops Lake (first status edition)	
1 in. to 84 mi.
1 in. to 30 mi.
1 in. to 10 mi.
1 in. to 10 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 1 mi.
1 in. to 6 mi.
1 in. to 10 mi.
1 in. to 10 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
New, two colours each.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
New. seven colours, contoured.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint, complete revision.
Reprint,
Reprint,
Reprint,
Reprint,
Reprint,
Reprint,
Reprint,
Reprint,
no revision,
no revision,
no revision,
no revision,
no revision,
no revision,
no revision,
no revision.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 73
Table I.—Provincial Government Topographic Manuscripts Prepared and Reproduced at 1:50,000 Scale by the Canadian Government, Ottawa, during 1968
Map No.
Name
Map No.
Name
82 F/3, E. & W.
Salmo (second edition).
92 N/9, E. & W.
Tatlayoko Lake (first edition).
82 L/7, E. & W.
Shuswap Falls (first edition).
93 C/5, E. & W.
Atnarko (first edition).
82 L/10, E. & W.
Mabel Lake (first edition).
93 1/16, E.&W.
Redwillow River (first edition).
92 1/12, E. & W.
Lillooet (first edition).
93 0/11, E. &W.
Cut Thumb Creek (first edition).
921/13, E.&W.
Pavilion (first edition).
93 0/12, E. &W.
Blackwater Creek (first edition).
92L/10, E. &W.
Alert Bay (first edition).
93 0/14, E. &W.
Point Creek (first edition).
92 M/3, E. & W.
Belize Inlet (first edition).
93 P/5, E. & W.
Burnt River (first edition).
92 M/4, E. & W.
Cape Caution (first edition).
93 P/6, E. & W.
GwillimLake (first edition).
92 M/5, E. & W.
Goose Bay (first edition).
104 K/16, E.
Nahlin River (first edition).
92 N/1, E.&W.
Chilko Mountain (first edition).
104 N/1, E.&W.
Nakina Lake (first edition).
92 N/7, E. & W.
Mount Queen Bess (first edition).
104 N/3, E.
Sloko River (first edition).
Table J.—Maps Being Prepared by the Geographic Division, Victoria, during 1968
Map No.
Name
Scale
Remarks
If
1 in. to 10 mi.
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1:250,000
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 2 mi.
1 in. to 1 mi.
In lithography.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In lithography.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In compilation.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In draughting.
In compilation.
In draughting.
In draughting.
92 L/102I
92 N
93 F
Mount Waddington (first status edition)  	
93 K
93 L
93 N
93 P
Fort Fraser (third status edition)—	
Smithers (third status edition) -	
Manson River (first status edition)  	
103 H
82 E/SE
Douglas Channel (second status edition)	
82 J/NW
92 H/SE
92 H/NE
92 I/SE
92 J/NE
P.S.G 3
Table K.—Provincial Government Topographic Manuscripts Being Prepared at
1:50,000 Scale by the Canadian Government, Ottawa, during 1968
Map No.
Name
Map No.
Name
92 0/3, E. & W.
Warner Pass (first edition).
93 K/7, E. & W.
Shass Mountain (first edition).
92 0/4, E. & W.
Tchaikazan River (first edition).
93 K/8, E. & W.
Fort St. James (first edition).
92 0/5, E. & W.
Mount Tatlow (first edition).
93 K/9, E. & W.
Pinchi Lake (first edition).
92 0/6, E. & W.
Nadila Creek (first edition).
93K/10, E. &W.
Stuart Lake (first edition).
92 0/7, E. & W.
Churn Creek (first edition).
93K/11.E. &W.
Cunningham Lake (first edition).
92 0/10, E.&W.
Gaspard Creek (first edition).
93K/12, E. &W.
Pendleton Bay (first edition).
92 0/11.E. &W.
Big Creek (first edition).
93K/13, E. &W.
Tochcha Lake (first edition).
92 0/12, E. &W.
Elkin Creek (first edition).
93 K/14, E. & W.
Trembleur Lake (first edition).
92 P/2, E. & W.
Criss Creek (first edition).
93 K/15, E. & W.
Inzana Lake (first edition).
92P/3.E. &W.
Loon Lake (first edition).
93 K/16, E. & W.
Tezzeron Creek (first edition).
92 P/6, E. & W.
Green Lake (first edition).
93 L/15, E. & W.
Driftwood Creek (first edition).
92 P/7, E. & W.
Bridge Lake (first edition).
93L/16, E. &W.
Fulton Lake (first edition).
92 P/10, E. & W.
Deka Lake (first edition).
93M/1.E. &W.
Old Fort Mountain (first edition).
92P/11, E. &W.
100 Mile House (first edition).
93 M/2, E. & W.
Harold Price Creek (first edition).
92P/14, E. &W.
Lac la Hache (first edition).
93 M/7, E. & W.
Netalzul Mountain (first edition).
92 P/15, E.&W.
Canim Lake (first edition).
93 M/8, E. & W.
Nakinilerak Lake (first edition).
92 P/16, E. & W.
Mahood Lake (first edition).
102 P/8, E.
Chic Chic Bay (first edition).
93 A/3, E. & W.
Murphy Lake (first edition).
102 P/9, E.
Calvert Island (first edition).
93 A/4, E.&W.
150 Mile House (first edition).
102 P/16, E. & W.
Hunter Island (first edition).
 Natal landslide, November 28, 1968.   Highway-clearing in operation.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH CC 75
AIR DIVISION
E. R. McMinn, B.A., B.A.Sc, D.L.S., B.C.L.S., P.Eng.
The writer succeeded Mr. A. C. Kinnear as Chief, Air Division, in November,
1968. Mr. Kinnear, who served with the Division since its inception in 1946,
was appointed in May as Co-ordinator, Lands Service. In the intervening six
months, as Mr. Kinnear assumed his new duties, the management of the Division
was most competently carried out by Mr. E. S. W. Andrews, the Assistant Chief.
The acquisition of air photographs in 1968 was average despite unusually
difficult weather; the compilation of the 20-chain map-sheets is proceeding. In
the Processing Laboratory some renovation is under way to accommodate the
automatic processor due in 1969. A silver-recovery unit was installed in the
laboratory and will produce about 500 ounces of silver a year from waste solutions.
The Air Photo Library issued 204,000 reprints and 101,000 loans. Increases
were noted in the requests from mining and forestry companies, and requests from
schools increased 40 per cent over 1967. Some 8,500 stereograms of interesting
natural or cultural features were sold.
The Division had 13 terminations of employment in 1968; 10 of these were
junior and working-level staff.
FLYING OPERATIONS
Equipment
Cameras
The 1968 season was the first complete season for the Zeiss 12-inch cameras.
As expected, they operated nearly perfectly with few minor problems. It is indeed
a relief to be able to set out to accomplish a day's photography without the worry
of whether or not the camera will continue to function correctly for the duration
of any photographic trip.
In March of 1968 the Zeiss serviceman from Toronto spent a week at our
machine-shop servicing the two cameras under warranty, and at the same time gave
a brief servicing course to several of our own personnel.
Aircraft
The installation of V.H.F. radios and transponders were welcome new additions. The radios enabled the pilots to listen out on more than one radio frequency
at one time, and the transponders gave positive aircraft identification to ground controllers whenever the aircraft was working in dense traffic areas. Because of these
installations we were never denied clearance to work in even the heaviest traffic areas.
The Department of Transport directive regarding X-ray on the main spar on Beech
18 aircraft continues in effect. At the present interval of 500 hours it poses no
problem, for we are able to have the X-ray done before the field season starts. If,
however, this frequency is increased, as it has been by the Federal Aviation Authority
in the United States, to every 200 hours, it could pose a loss of photographic time.
During the summer our aircraft CF-BCD developed a leaking gas tank, similar
to that of CF-BCE a year ago. The repair was left for the winter maintenance period
because it was a major job, necessitating the removal of the wings in order to repair
it. There was also evidence of deterioration of the flaps, which necessitated replacement during the winter overhaul. Although the aircraft continue to be brought up
to serviceable standard, these unserviceabilities are signs of age; it will therefore
become more costly and time-consuming to maintain them.
 CC 76     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
The programme of work over the next several years is such that these aircraft
will be working beyond their range and capabilities. Giving this serious consideration along with the age of the aircraft and the major serviceability problems, it is not
too early to consider replacement aircraft or other alternatives.
Weather
In the mid-latitude, Smithers, Prince George, and Fort St. John, good photographic weather was limited to two periods of about three days each. Northerly
in the Dease Lake area, photographic weather was almost non-existent for the entire
season. In the south the weather was a mixture with no prolonged run of good
photographic days.
In general the weather for the entire Province was such that it necessitated a
scrambly type of operation with rapid and frequent moves from one place to another
without any prolonged stretch of good weather at any place at any time in the
season.
Personnel
This year the Department of Highways provided us with one pilot, and we
hired one pilot on a six-month contract. This arrangement appeared to work favourably, mainly because both men were interested in doing a good job.
Accomplishment
Total hours flown, 523Va; total square miles photographed, 41,200; total
number of photographs, 26,331; photography completed all or in part for 66 out
of a total of 74 projects.
Once again several rolls of Ektachrome colour and Ektachrome infra-red were
exposed experimentally; also a roll of infra-red aerographic film was exposed with
good results.
(See Key Maps Nos. 15 to 18 contained in envelope attached to back cover of
this Annual Report.)
General
The record years of 1966 and 1967 made the accomplishment of the 1968
season seem low; it was, however, the third best year in the Division's history behind
the two record years already mentioned.
For the next several years, the bulk of the work will be north of 56°. This part
of the Province has the poorest weather and, combined with the short range and
slow speed of the Beechcraft, it gives little grounds on which to base much optimism.
The experience of the past season of trying to work that expansive northern part of
the Province with our Beechcraft has shown a split of nearly 50-50 on photography
and ferry time.
PROCESSING LABORATORY
Air Films
The 1968 flying season, delayed by continued bad weather, finally got off the
ground and ended with a total of 105 rolls of black-and-white film exposed, compared to 140 in 1967. Eight rolls of colour and colour infra-red film were exposed
with excellent results.   Both RC8 and Zeiss cameras turned out many faultless rolls
of film.
Printing
Both Cintel and Milligan printers were operated continuously with surprisingly
few hours of down time due to breakdowns. Considering the number of intricate
and sensitive electronic components of these printers and the small loss of operating
time experienced, it speaks well for the personnel engaged in maintenance and
repair.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 77
Despite the lower number of air films exposed, the year ended with an increase
of over 15,000 prints above 1967. The number of requests for the old 5" x 5" air
negatives decreases each year, 12,000 less this year than in 1967. The new fixed-
focus enlarger has been out of service on more than one occasion due to electrical
breakdowns, and the delay in obtaining replacement parts may keep it out of service
for as long as three or four weeks at a time.
There was an increase in the number of enlargements made in 1968, as well as
A7-A8 and Kelsh plates. Many requests for 35-mm. slides of vertical air coverage
for use in school classrooms have been received, as well as 10" x 10" positive transparencies. However, production of 35-mm. slides has been halted temporarily while
new equipment is being sought to minimize the danger of scratches to our air films.
The personnel of the Process Laboratory remained the same during the year,
except for one or two changes at the junior level.
DRAUGHTING
The Draughting Office provided services in three main areas again this year—
the control for the " laydown " section and the plotting of cadastral surveys, the final
tracing of map detail and the positioning of the cadastral work thereon, and the final
indexing of all new flying as it was received.
In the first section the control was processed for all first and second priority
areas as required by the Forest Inventory Division, and the lot plots of all areas are
nearing completion. In addition to the regular programme, the final tracing section
has started production of the reduction of 20-chain maps to replace the old 40-
chain series, which are in much need of revision. The new format of the 20-chain
series is ideal for the new 40-chain maps.
Another annual task is the updating of all cadastral work on two copies of each
of the 20- and 40- chain series of maps.
Special draughting tasks were assigned to this office—the titling of mosaics,
the addition of lot lines for proposed subdivisions of the Lands Branch, lettering on
Civil Service certificates, and other miscellaneous items.
Of note was the construction of a map for Forest Engineering in the Libby
pondage area. The original 20-chain sheets were redrawn to produce the four-times
reduction which was required. Several interesting techniques were used to produce
the final drawing.
A mapping display panel was prepared for a teachers' convention in Courtenay
in February, and has been used on several other occasions since that date.
The Draughting Office contributed to the educational and display programme
for visiting groups—Royal Roads cadets in February and December, the Puget
Sound region of the Society of Photogrammetry in November, the fourth-year U.B.C.
engineering students, members of the Lands Branch, and the yearly visit of new
employees of the Forest Service.
INSTRUMENT-SHOP
The Instrument-shop personnel have completed approximately 140 projects,
ranging from a simple repair of a hand-compass or a counter to construction of two
epidiascopes.  There are several projects of interest in this year's accomplishment.
Three Jayco slotted-template cutters were serviced. This included replacement
of the punch and die assembly in each machine plus the design and installation of a
vacuum system to clear the chips from the area of the punch and die. Two epidiascopes, previously designed in this shop, have been under construction and are now
only a few days from completion.
 CC 78     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
In the camera-maintenance field, the shop personnel participated in a four-day
workshop on maintenance techniques applicable to Zeiss aerial cameras given by
Mr. Hemmel, a technician with Zeiss of Canada Ltd. Annual cleaning and preventive maintenance of our Wild aerial cameras were done. Similar work was carried
out on a Williamson Eagle IX aerial camera for the Alberta Forest Service.
Sensitometric problems, such as determination of optimum filtration for true
colour and infra-red colour with respect to altitude and use to be made of colour
photography, were considered. To aid in this work as well as black-and-white
quality control, a spot reading light-meter and a Welch densichron were purchased.
Discussions were held with representatives from the Federal Department of Fisheries, British Columbia Forest Research Division, British Columbia Hydro and
Power Authority, and the Federal Department of Mines and Energy regarding their
specific photographic problems.
The Instrument-shop was called upon to clean parts of the Wild A7 autograph
optical system, to adjust and collimate binoculars, and to calibrate the Saltzman
enlarger.
Routine maintenance was carried out on the Air Division's two electronic
photographic printers, and a complete electrical system was installed in the new
helicopter boom for the Forest Services 70-mm. helicopter photography.
Ten reports were completed pertaining to various phases of the shop's work.
COMPILATION
Template Laydown and Detail Plotting
This year 12,000 20-chain photos were taken for Forest Inventory, not a very
productive year by comparison with past years' performances. In 1967 this section
prepared 17,000 air photos for template laydowns plus 295 detail plotted sheets—
a reasonably productive year in view of the high rate of turnover among the mapping
assistants. 1968 saw no relief in the turnover rate; in the past two years nearly
90 per cent of this section has been transferred or has resigned. With the present
ratio of junior and inexperienced personnel, it will be difficult to process the modest
12,000 photos in time for the Forest Survey's field programme, nor will there be any
backlog of prepared photos and maps to supplement this year's meagre production.
The 1968 flying programme did not produce new photography until fairly late
in the summer; this caused some delay in the preparation of new maps. However,
the intervening time was used to produce 465 detail plotted sheets—more than any
other year in the past.
In 1969 the Forest Survey's inventory programme moves into high gear; its
seven-year plans call for 700 to 800 sheets a year instead of the present 500, and the
areas are mainly in the northern section of the Province, where little control exists.
With the present staff it is highly unlikely that this section will produce any more
maps and photos this coming year than were produced in the 1967/68 season.
The 20-chain planimetric mapping programme was started in 1956, and air
photography has been taken for 1,934 sheets. This Division has prepared control
and produced principal-point plots for these 1,934 sheets, compiled the cadastral lot
assemblies for 1,680 sheets, the Kail plotting of detail on 1,398 sheets, and final
ink drawings of 508 sheets. The remainders in each case have been done by the
Forest Inventory Division. Some 456 sheets have been duplicated. The 40-chain
programme has been largely neglected. We hope in 1969 to improve on our production and to discuss with the Forest Inventory Division the reorganization of our
joint efforts.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
STATISTICS
1968 Air Operations Cost Summary by Projects
CC 79
,
"2-
'3, o
oft
S M
IS
Accomplishment
60  .
£b
n
a
O  y,
O v,
X. o
u
rr, -j,
32
73 ~
o o
A. 40-chain vertical cover—
1. New   cover—Forest   Surveys   and   Inventory Division, Stikine P.S.Y.U.— .
Hr. Min.
52 20
840
3,600
$5,643.63
$1,546.36
$7,189.99
2. Revision—
Agriculture Department—ARDA	
86 20
8 50
14 45
15 55
1
2.950 13.580
$9,310.20
952.59
1,590.64
1,716.45
$5,430.68
561.48
1,040.11
1,205.80
$14,740.88
1,514.07
2,630.75
305
565
655
1,200
2,925
3,145
Land Inspection Division—93 P	
Topographic Division—93 E and L _...
2,922.25
125 50
4,475 20,850
$13,569.88| $8,238.07
$21,807.95
Totals  	
178 10
5,315
$5.46
24,450
$1.19
$19,213.51
$9,784.43
$28,997.94
Average cost 	
B. 20-chain vertical cover—
1. New cover—
Finance Department—Vancouver Island and E. & N. Lands	
Forest Surveys and Inventory Division—
Lardeau P.S.Y.U 	
31 30
49 50
7 50
49 50
3,850
3,665
395
4,665
4,135
3 380
$3,396.97
5,374.03
844.75
5,374.03
$7,087.50
6,746.93
727.16
8,587.84
$10,484.47
12,120.96
1,571.91
13,961.87
Moberly P.S.Y.U.
405
4,685
Wapiti P.S.Y.U 	
107 30
8,7251  8,470
	
$11,592.811$16,061.93| $27,654.74
2. Revision—
Forest Surveys and Inventory Division—
Bowron P.S.Y.U ,	
1 45
23 50
23 15
20 55
85
655
1,380
1,655
100
$188.73
2,570.19
2,507.28
2,255.65
$156.49
1,205.80
2,540.45
3,046.70
$345.22
3,775.99
5,047.73
5,302.35
Naver-Willow P.S.Y.U.
675
1,535
Nicola-Barton Hills P.S.Y.U..-	
Vancouver P.S.Y.U	
1,835
	
69 45
3,775   4,145
$7,521.85
$6 949.44
$14,471.29
3. Improvement flying—	
208 45
 1 ■
$22,511.63
16,350
$3.22
16,750
$3.14
$30,098.87
$52,610.50
Average cost _	
C. Special projects—
Agriculture Department—Pitt Meadows.—.
2 00
2 15
6 35
1  15
25
10 25
15
1 00
1 00
1 00
6 20
2 50
2 00
1 50
35
1 00
4 20
2 45
5 55
3 00
1 00
3 10
1  10
204
165
162
12
14
135
5
63
46
42
344
55
140
25
8
11
96
2
52
43
33
266
80
39
19
5
36
6
83
130
30
16
25
3
$215.68
242.64
709.94
134.80
44.93
1,123.34
26.96
107.84
107.84
107.84
682.99
305.55
215.68
197.71
62.90
107.84
467.31
296.56
638.06
323.53
107.84
341.49
125.81
$375.55
303.75
298.23
22.09
25.77
248.52
9.20
115.98
84.68
77.32
633.27
248.52
97.57
44.18
34.98
82.84
25.77
136.23
193.30
211.70
125.18
241.16
11.05
$591.23
546.39
1,008.17
156 89
District Forester, Nelson—Forest burns ....
Fisheries Department—Herring spawn    ...
Forest Engineering—
Blunt Creek 	
70 70
1,371.86
223.82
192.52
185.16
1,316.26
Kispiox _  	
135
53
24
19
45
14
74
105
115
68
131
6
313.25
241.89
97.88
Highways Department—
190 68
	
493.08
Merritt-Hope.. -	
432.79
831.36
Hydrographic Service — Macaulay Point
sewer 	
Lands Department—
Colebrook-White Rock..	
535.23
233.02
582.65
136.86
 CC 80     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
1968 Air Operations Cost Summary by Projects—Continued
tn
o &
P
z£
Accomplishment
00 .
c2
So
SO
23
0.
m
00
2 $
o «
£ o
0.0
«2
a m
32
o 8
C. Special projects—Continued
Land Inspection Division—
30
1 00
30
2 40
40
4 35
30
20
40
1 15
30
30
2 30
1 45
15
2 00
30
2 05
1 25
1 00
7 00
1 15
2 00
1 55
1 00
1 35
2 10
5 25
30
20
5
18
6
180
9
279
21
7
42
	
2
12
6
145
7
226
18
7
36
14
7
5
23
65
1
30
2
168
5
21
280
112
95
36
14
50
96
$53.92
107.84
53.92
287.57
71.89
494.26
53.92
35.95
71.89
134.80
53.92
53.92
269.60
188.72
26.96
215.68
53.92
224.68
152.77
107.84
754.89
134.80
215.68
206.69
107.84
170.74
233.65
584.14
53.92
35.95
$9.20
33.14
11.05
331.36
16.57
513.61
38.66
12.89
77.32
38.66
16.57
9.20
47.86
110.45
5.52
92.05
12.89
515.45
110.45
64.43
837.61
318.48
147.27
568.84
22.09
173.05
399.48
344.25
55.23
9.20
$63.12
140.98
64.97
618.93
88.46
	
1,007.87
92.58
48.84
149.21
21
9
5
26
60
3
50
7
280
173.46
70.49
	
63.12
Legal Surveys Division—Northern Trans-
317.46
Mines Department—Highland Valley_ __
	
299.17
Public  Works   Department—British   Columbia Institute of Technology	
Recreation    and    Conservation   Department-
32.48
307.73
66.81
Topographic Division — Saanich Penin-
740.13
Transport Department — Vancouver Air-
60
35
455
173
80
309
12
94
217
187
30
5
263.22
Water Resources-
Bella Coola	
172.27
B ulkley Valley	
	
1,592.50
453.28
362.95
	
775.53
129.93
343.79
633.13
Internal—
928.39
9
2
109.15
Mica Dam. 	
45.15
Totals 	
110 25
4,666
$4.39
2,697
$7.60
$11,907.35
$8,589.67
$20,497.02
Average cost 	
D. Miscellaneous flying—
Internal—
7 35
2 25
7 45
8 10
$817.79
260.61
$817.79
260.61
Training! _  	
Totals. 	
25 55 1 1 _.    J	
$1,078.40
	
$1,078.40
523 15
26,331
41.2001  2.697
$54,710.89
$48,472.98
$103,183.87
i Cost of maintenance and training charged to all projects.
 SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
CC 81
Orders for Standard Prints (9 by 9 Inches) from British Columbia
Negatives, 1968, Air Photo Library
Public—
Individuals	
Companies,
Mining..
Universities and schools-
Towns and cities	
Commercial air surveys.
Real estate.	
Forest industries.
Totals.
Reprints
Loans
6,173
2,044
1,930
773
26,693
5,711
8,102
460
1,061
44
4,328
937
435
100
12,072
3,058
60,794
13,127
Federal Government—
Mines and technical surveys.
Fisheries	
Miscellaneous..
ARDA	
Totals.
3,274
45
143
9
7,899
251
2,645
35,353
13,961 35,658
Provincial Government—
Land Inspection Branch	
Surveys and Mapping Branch.
Water Resources Service	
Forest Service	
Department of Highways	
Department of Finance	
Department of Agriculture-
Department of Mines..
7,173 521
28,954 21,974
2.958 2,782
78,867 21,790
3,515 2,515
4.959 235
1,106 196
774 429
194 39
58 231
1,574 2,150
  106
130,132 52,968
Grand totals  204,887        101,753
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority
Regional Planning Board	
Department of Recreation and Conservation-
Miscellaneous	
Totals.
Public Loans and Reprints
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
16,727
35,385
13,033
53,141
15,680
61,276
13,123
50,918
13,127
60 794
Totals         	
52,112
66,175
76,956
64,041
73,921
 cc 82    department of lands, forests, and water resources
Letters Inward
Letters inward  3,195
Stereograms sold in 1968  5,206
Loan Requisitions
Loan service requisitions.
509
Orders on hand  3,000
Revenue
Cash sales     $7,767.16
Loan fees       2,915.3 5
Land accounts     75,904.66
Total  $86,587.17
Production Record to 1968, Process Laboratory
1946-65
1966
1968
Grand
Total
Processing completed—
Air films—
R.C. 8, O.S.C., Zeiss..
F24 and Eagle.
F24 and F8 obliques 	
Test rolls	
Colour—R.C. 8 and Zeiss...
70 mm.—black and white .
70 mm.—colour  	
Topographic (116)..
Dominion Hydrographic K20  	
Printing completed—
Standard prints, 5" x 5" enlarged to 10" x 10"
Contact prints, 5" x 5"	
Kenora prints, 9" x 9" reduced to 5" x 5"	
Contact prints, 10" x 10" 	
Contact prints, 20" x 24" and larger	
Enlargements, up to 40" x 96"
Topographic, 11" x 14"
Lantern slides, 2" x 2" and stereo and 35 mm..
Autopositive films, up to 40" x 42"-	
Film transparencies, up to 40" x 46"
Film transparencies, photo drawings	
Kelsh,   A7,   A8   plates   and   miscellaneous
ground negatives 	
Requisitions completed. 	
527
2,826
75.5
26
7.5
2,660
100
3,961
7
1,906,556
46,087
4,132
433,729
3,759
28,173
22,504
384
8,210
1,102
4,889
36,666
112.5
3
2
1
875
650
78
2
56,960
183,419
22
1,160
1,184
74
336
359
3,616
140.5
3
1.5
5
1,200
3.5
39,810
144,717
2
1,301
66
228
182
19
980
3,976
105.5
5
10
0.5
8
600
27,236
184
177,651
56
1,363
17
172
297
875
4,085
885.5
2,837
85.5
30
21.5
5,335
750
4,039
13.5
2,030,562
46,271
4,132
939,516
3,839
31,997
23,745
401
8,684
1,917
19
7,103
48,343
 UNIVERSITY
ENDOWMENT LANDS
  UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
CC 85
UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT LANDS
M. E. Ferguson, Project Manager
Although there has been no decision to date on the future development of the
area, the past year has been far from monotonous.
The new water main that was started late in 1967 was completed prior to our
peak demand period last summer. The effect of this new water main has shown
we now have a good water supply for the campus and residential area to meet
anticipated needs for several years. The one remaining critical area at the boundary
of the City of Vancouver will have an alternative emergency supply from the city
shortly which should take care of emergencies, such as a major fire or a break in
our supply main.
During the past year Mr. J. Hird, our General Foreman, retired after 28 years'
service, and his position was filled by Mr. A. Peacock, who had been his assistant.
Increased traffic generated by the ever-increasing enrolment at the university
continues to present one of our major problems. This condition will become worse
until 16th Avenue and South-west Marine Drive are both completed to the
campus parking-lots. The university constructed a new road on campus parallel
to Wesbrook Crescent to divert student traffic off the residential streets and to
provide easy access to the new Student Union Building which opened in the fall.
During the past year, record increases were experienced in both general and
school taxes. This was to be expected since no new land has been made available
to increase the assessment roll and the fact costs continue to rise. The general
taxes increased 3.79 mills and the school taxes 4.45 mills.
One other record was experienced when we had a prolonged cold spell late
in December with the temperature dropping below zero for a new record. To add
to our maintenance problems, over 2 feet of snow fell during this period. Fortunately, we were able to hire equipment to handle the snow removal and maintain
the services, and no serious flooding or other problems were encountered.
The following tabulation shows a summary of building permits and comparative
figures for the past 10 years regarding revenue.
Number and Value of Building Permits Issued for the
Calendar Years 1966, 1967, and 1968
1966
1967
1968
Number
Value
Number
Value
Number
Value
1
1
11
1
2
1
5
1
1
2
10
1
1
5
$150,000.00
235,000.00
13
3
1
3
2
$66,087.00
135,000.00
69,700.00
3,000.00
5,000.00
1,500.00
3,350.00
4,000.00
71,800.00
150.00
16,377.00
$51,900.00
66,500.00
19,000.00
6,648.00
1,200.00
8,400.00
Totals	
23
$287,637.00
20
$479,975.00
22
$147,000.00
 CC 86     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
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 PERSONNEL OFFICE
  PERSONNEL OFFICE
CC 89
PERSONNEL OFFICE
K. M. Hanson, Personnel Officer
The year 1968 was an active one for the Personnel Office, as reflected in the
table below. Recruitment was down slightly from 1967, but promotions and transfers to other departments were on the increase.
1965
1966
1967
1968
Recruitments for continuous staff           	
45
12
23
3
9
28
2
55
55
42
22
7
12
44
5
58
55
39
19
11
17
43
3
77
12
52
25
Promotions     _.
24
2
13
40
3
59
8
The establishment of the Department was increased by three new positions.
These were one Clerk 3 in the Land Administration Division, one Clerk 3 in the
Accounting Division, and one Operator, Photographic Reproduction in the Legal
Surveys Division. In all cases the positions were added due to a considerable
increase in work volume in the areas concerned.
In November, 1968, Mr. D. M. Thom was awarded his Diploma in Public
Administration, having completed the three-year training plan. Other employees
of the Department taking this course include Mr. A. F. Smith (third year) and
Messrs. V. Knapik, R. A. Paine, and R. F. Oberg (second year). Messrs. G. H.
Wilson and A. C. Bridge, of Victoria, and Mr. A. G. Anderson, of Fort St. John,
were selected to commence in the first year of the course.
In April, 1968, the Department was indeed saddened by the passing of Mr. R.
Torrance, Deputy Minister of Lands, who had served 41 years in the public service.
The most significant promotion during the year was the appointment of Mr. D.
Borthwick as Deputy Minister of Lands. Other promotions included the appointment of Mr. A. H. Ralfs as Director of Surveys and Mapping and Surveyor-General;
Mr. A. C. Kinnear as Co-ordinator, Lands Service; Mr. W. R. Redel as Director of
Lands; Mr. A. F. Smith as Assistant Director of Lands; Mr. E. R. McMinn as Chief
of the Air Division; Mr. G. H. Wilson as Assistant Chief Land Inspector; Mr. A. D.
Wight as Supervising Surveyor, Topographic Division; Mr. I. L. Sutherland as
Mapping Assistant 4, Topographic Division; Mr. R. W. Anfield as Mapping Assistant 4, Air Division; Mr. R. F. Oberg as Mapping Assistant 4, Topographic Division; and Mr. A. S. Peacock as Foreman of Works, University Endowment Lands.
Retirements included Mr. G. S. Andrews, Director of Surveys and Mapping
and Surveyor-General (38 years); Mr. J. Hird, Foreman of Works, University
Endowment Lands (31 years); and Mr. L. R. Green, Senior Clerk, Accounting
Division (20years).
The year 1968 was considered to be a successful year, and it is hoped that more
efficient service will be provided by this office in view of the new office facilities
available.
    MAIL AND FILE ROOM
CC 93
MAIL AND FILE ROOM
David S. Preston
The letters inward mail for 1968 increased by 11,455. This is approximately
the same percentage increase as 1967.
The indexing of Water Resources letters inward and outward was discontinued
as it served as only a duplicate record. Also discontinued was the indexing of Surveys mail. The resulting benefit to each division permits the earlier handling of
their mail and ultimately better service is given.
Segregation of files is continuing and is expected to carry through until the end
of 1969. At that time approximately an equal amount of files will be stored in the
two vaults. It is then planned to institute a further microfilming of dead and inactive
files. It is hoped an earlier start of filming may be done in an effort to ease the vault
space, which has become acute.
Letters Inward
Branch
1967
1968
10-year Average,
1959-68
Lands	
57,879
132,428
32,362
25,122
58,368
141,250
34,197
25,431
50,393
142,604
28,309
21,391
Totals -	
247,791
259.246           1         242.697
Letters Outward (Recorded)
Branch
1967
1968
10-year Average,
1959-68
12,025
1,916
4,500
14,933
1,811
2,566
14,100
1,976
3,024
Totals    	
18,441
19,310
19,100
Miscellaneous Reports
Designation
1967
1968
10-year Average,
1959-68
Forest-fire reports	
Logging-inspection reports	
Land-classification reports	
Stumpage-adjustment notices-
Totals	
3,216
8,761
5,920
3,455
21,352
1,647
8,418
6,428
11,664
28,157
4,003
12,963
4,834
4,410
26,210
 CC 94     DEPARTMENT OF LANDS, FORESTS, AND WATER RESOURCES
New Files Created
Designation
1967
1968
10-year Average,
1959-68
" O " files  	
5,865
1,449
1,148
7,051
1,685
1,128
6,344
1,474
2,166
Totals -—	
8,462
9,864
9,984
Film reference, 1,714.
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1969
1,030-369-2242
  

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