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Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT for the Year Ended… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1967]

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 Minister of Mines and
Petroleum Resources
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
for the Year Ended December 31
1966
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1967
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. Donald L. Brothers, Minister.
K. B. Blakey, Deputy Minister.
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector of Mines.
S. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
M. S. Hedley, Chief, Mineralogical Branch.
R. H. McCrimmon, Chief Gold Commissioner.
R. E. Moss, Chief Commissioner, Petroleum and Natural Gas.
J. D. Lineham, Chief, Petroleum and Natural Gas Conservation Branch.
 Major-General the Honourable George Randolph Pearkes,
V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C., CD.,
Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mineral Industry of the Province for the year 1966
is herewith respectfully submitted.
DONALD L. BROTHERS,
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources Office,
March 31,1967.
 Hamilton Cleaver Hughes, retired Chief Inspector of Mines, died in
Victoria on lanuary 23, 1967, after a short illness. "Cleave," as he was
known to a host of friends and associates, was born in Vancouver on November 17, 1892. He attended public and high schools in that city as well as the
former branch of McGill University, and in 1914 graduated from McGill
University, Montreal, with a degree in Mining Engineering. For three years
after graduation he worked for the British Columbia Hydrographic Survey.
Thereafter, save for an interval of ranching, he devoted himself entirely to
mining, including employment with The Granby Mining Company Limited and
Cominco Ltd. and experience in operation, scouting, and consulting practice.
He joined the Department of Mines in January, 1938, as Inspector of Mines
at Nelson and was transferred to the Victoria office in 1946. He became the
first Senior Inspector of Metalliferous Mines in April, 1947, and in February,
1950, was appointed Chief Inspector of Mines. He retired in January, 1958.
He was a member of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and
Secretary of the Victoria Branch for some years after its formation in 1950,
and also served as British Columbia representative on the Institute's Medal
for Bravery Committee and on the John T. Ryan Committee. He was Counsellor for District 6 from 1953 to 1955, and Institute Vice-President for the
1955-56 term. He was a member of the Association of Professional Engineers of British Columbia. Mr. Hughes is survived by his wife Dorothy, two
daughters, and a son.
Major Harold T. Nation, retired field assistant and librarian, who was
associated with the Department of Mines for more than 40 years, died in Victoria on April 24, 1967, in his 92nd year. He was born in Dunedin, New
Zealand, on April 15, 1876. He received his early education in California
and Nevada where his father practised law. In 1890, he was sent to Bedford
School, England, and later studied engineering at the University of London.
Between 1897 and 1906 he worked as a surveyor's assistant on preliminary
surveys for railway lines in the Kootenays and on mining claims. In 1906 and
1907 he was field assistant to William Fleet Robertson, Provincial Mineralogist.
He and Fleet Robertson made field trips to Northern and Central British
Columbia, and Vancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands. In 1908 he was
appointed engineer with the Port Arthur mines in Manchuria. He returned
to Victoria in 1909 and rejoined the Bureau of Mines as general technical and
field assistant. Between 1909 and 1914 he and Fleet Robertson visited many
remote areas of the Province, travelling by canoe, horseback, wagon, and on
foot. He served with the Canadian Expeditionary Force from November,
1914, to October, 1917, and was discharged with the rank of major. Following his discharge from the Army, he served as general technical assistant to
the Provincial Mineralogist and as librarian. His familiarity with the geography
of the Province and with mining activities fitted him uniquely for the task of
indexing the Department's publications as they were issued, and for preparing
the Index to the Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, 1874 to 1936, published in 1938, and Index to Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, 1937
to 1943, and Bulletins 1 to 17, published in 1944. Major Nation was active
in the British Columbia Historical Society, the British Columbia Natural
History Society, Royal Overseas League, St. Mary's Church, and for many
years served as British Columbia Secretary of the Old Boys' Association of
Bedford School. He retired from the Department on September 30, 1946.
He was predeceased by his wife Audrey, whom he had married in England in
1916, and he is survived by a daughter and two sons.
 CONTENTS
Page
Introduction    A 9
Review of the Mineral Industry  A 10
Statistics—
Co-operation with Dominion Bureau of Statistics  A 14
Methods of Computing Production  A 14
Notes on Products  A 16
Table I.—Mineral Production:   Total to Date, Past Year, and Latest
Year  A 21
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1966  A 22
Table III.—Quantity and Value of Mineral Products for Years 1957
to 1966  A 24
Table IV (Graph).—Mineral Production of British Columbia—Value,
1887-1966  A 26
Table V (Graph).—Mineral Production of British Columbia—Quantity,
1897-1966  A 27
Table VI.—Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Molybdenum, and Iron Concentrates, 1858-1966  A 28
Table VIIa.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Summary  A 30
Table VIIb.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc  A 32
Table Vile.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Miscellaneous Metals  A 34
Table VIId.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Industrial Minerals  A 38
Table VIIe.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Structural Materials  A 40
Table VIIIa.—Quantity and Value of Coal per Year to Date  A 42
Table VIIIb.—Quantity and Value of Coal Sold and Used  A 43
Table IX.—Coke and By-products for Years 1895 to 1925 and by Years
1926 to 1966  A 44
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1966  A 45
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for Operations of
All Classes  A 46
Table  XII.—Average  Number  Employed  in  the  Mining  Industry,
1901-66  A 47
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Operations' Employment during 1966  A 48
Table XIV.—Metal Production in 1966  A 49
A 5
 A 6 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Page
Departmental Work  A 5 3
Retirements  A 53
Administration Branch  A 54
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)  A 54
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province _ A 55
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas  A 57
Analytical and Assay Branch  A 58
Inspection Branch  A 60
Mineralogical Branch  A 61
Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch  A 63
Grub-staking Prospectors  A 65
Mining Roads and Trails  A 72
Museums  A 72
Rock and Mineral Specimens  A 73
Publications  A 73
Maps Showing Mineral Claims, Placer Claims, and Placer-mining Leases A 73
Offices of the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources and the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources,
Canada . A 73
Topographic Mapping and Air Photography  A 74
Department of Energy, Mines and Resources  A 75
Geological Survey of Canada  A 75
Field Work by the Geological Survey in British Columbia, 1966  A 75
Publications of the Geological Survey  A 76
Mines Branch  A 76
Mineral Resources Division  A 76
Lode Metals         1
Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Reports  243
Placer  253
Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals     259
Petroleum and Natural Gas     277
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries     355
Coal     374
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations    394
 CONTENTS A 7
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Photographs
Page
View across Lake Kathlyn to Glacier Gulch on the east side of Hudson Bay
Mountain       87
Unfrozen  " bubble"  channel  extending  eastward  across  Babine Lake  to
Granisle mine	
Berg property—looking northward past the Kennco camp	
View northeastward across Haven Lake to Red Bird Mountain-
87
109
109
Salal Creek camp of Amax Exploration, Inc  142
The lersey open pit of Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd  142
Surface outcrop of the Brenda orebody  183
Brenda mine sampling operation  183
Using a giraffe while scaling underground at the lersey mine  216
Robbins raise-boring machine reaming a vertical hole from surface at the
Bluebell mine  216
Camp of Columbia River Mines Ltd. on Vermont Creek  231
Looking southwestward across the Duncan River and up Houston Creek from
the Alpha property of Bonanza Explorations Ltd  231
Sedco 135-F semi-submersible drilling vessel  286
Drawings
1. Mining divisions	
2. Deas Lake Mines Ltd., geology at Gnat Lake_
3. Schaft Creek bedrock geology	
 Facing 17
 Facing 19
 Facing 27
4. Silver Standard Mines Limited, geology of the E and L  32
5. Iskut Silver Mines Limited, sketch of showings  34
6. Iskut Silver Mines Limited, sketch of cuts in No. 1 and No. 2 showings  36
7. Anaconda American Brass Limited, underground exploration at Red Wing 43
8. Geology of Ajax Group, Mount McGuire area Facing 45
9. Geology of the Big Onion Facing 83
10. Texas Gulf Sulphur Company, mercury in soils at the Big Onion  85
11. Geology in the vicinity of Glacier Gulch Facing 87
12. Old Fort Mountain area Facing 93
13. Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, geological map of the DA and
AX     96
14. Geological map of the Morrison Lake area..
100
 A 8 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Page
15. Geology of the Berg Facing 105
16. Kennco Explorations, (Western) Limited, mercury in soils at the Berg  111
17. Ashfork Mines Limited, geology in the vicinity of Haven Lake  113
18. Ashfork Mines Limited, geology of the Red Bird Facing 113
19. Ashfork Mines Limited, mercury in soils at the Red Bird  116
20. Sketch showing location of Gibraltar and Pollyanna  122
21. Mercury in soils at the Gibraltar and Pollyanna  124
22. Cariboo-Bell Copper Mines Limited, geology of the Cariboo Bell  128
23. Cariboo-Bell Copper Mines Limited, mercury in soils at the Cariboo BelL_ 131
24. Index map of the Highland Valley area  150
25. Lornex Mining Corporation Ltd., geological map of part of the Lornex  157
26. Chataway Exploration Co. Ltd., No. 4 zone Facing 164
27. Index map of the Brenda Lake area  180
28. Geological sketch map of the Coxey and Giant claims  202
29. Panoramic view of the south side of Vermont Creek showing the main
workings of the Ruth Vermont mine  233
30. Columbia River Mines Ltd., geological sketch map of part of the Ruth
Vermont mine  234
31. Limestone in the Cowichan Lake-Port Renfrew area  269
32. Footage drilled in British Columbia, 1954-66  288
33. Petroleum and natural-gas fields, 1966  289
34. Oil production in British Columbia, 1954-66  291
35. Gas production in British Columbia, 1954-66  291
36. Petroleum and natural-gas pipe-lines  292
37. Average underground dust counts  366
38. Average crushing and grinding dust counts  367
 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE  MINISTER OF
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES, 1966
Introduction
A report of the Minister of Mines of the Province of British Columbia has been
published each year from 1874 to 1959. Beginning in 1960, it is the Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
The Annual Report records the salient facts in the progress of the mineral
industry, also much detail about individual operations, including those undertaken
in the search for, exploration of, and development of mineral deposits, as well as
the actual winning of material from mineral deposits.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources now
contains introductory sections dealing with Statistics and Departmental Work, followed by sections dealing with Lode Metals; Placer; Structural Materials and
Industrial Minerals; Petroleum and Natural Gas; Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer
Mines, and Quarries; Coal; and Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations.
An introductory review of the mineral industry and notes at the first of several
of the main sections deal generally with the industry or its principal subdivisions.
Notes in the various sections deal briefly with exploration or production operations
during the year or describe a property in more complete detail, outlining the history
of past work and the geological setting as well as describing the workings and the
mineral deposits exposed in them. Some notes deal with areas rather than with a
single property.
The work of the branches of the Department is outlined briefly in the section
on Departmental Work. This section is followed by notes dealing briefly with the
work of other British Columbia or Federal Government services of particular interest
to the mineral industry of British Columbia. Information concerning mine safety
and some of the activities of the Inspection Branch of the Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources is contained in the section on Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer
Mines, and Quarries, and early in the section on Coal, and in the section dealing
with Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines, Quarries, and
Well Drilling Rigs.
The section on Statistics begins with an outline of current and past practice in
arriving at quantities and calculating the value of the various products.
A 9
 Review of the Mineral Industry
By M. S. Hedley
The mineral industry of British Columbia had a very good year in 1966. The
annual total value of production set a new record for the fifth successive time.
The total of $338,265,799 was 20.5 per cent above the previous record set in 1965,
and brought the all-time total value to $5.9 billion.
A record value was set in each of the four categories of Metals, Industrial
Minerals, Structural Materials, and Fuels.   The comparison with 1965 follows:—
Metals	
Industrial minerals _.
Structural materials
Fuels	
Totals
1965
$177,101,733
20,409,649
32,325,714
50,815,252
1966
$208,756,760
22,217,369
46,821,264
60,470,406
Gain Per Cent
17.9
8.1
44.7
19.0
$280,652,348
$338,265,799
20.5
Metals, in terms of total value, staged a recovery from the minor setback
experienced in 1965 to a high that was not due entirely to increased production,
but was the result of two separate factors: One the high price of copper and the
other the expanding production of molybdenum. Metals in the category of smelter
by-products, antimony, bismuth, cadmium, indium, and tin, together showed about
a million-dollar increase compared with 1965. The value of production of gold and
of iron concentrates was virtually unchanged and increases were shown in the values
of nickel and silver, due to increased output.
Copper production did not quite recover from the 1965 decline, brought
about largely by labour troubles, but although the output was not a record, the
total value of $56 million was. Prior to 1964 the total molybdenum production had
been about $46,000; this figure was equalled in 1964, whereas in 1965 the value
was $12 million and in 1966 it was $28 million. Lead and zinc, for many years
the most valuable products of the industry, were both down in quantity and in value.
Production at the Sullivan mine has been curtailed because a considerable amount
of Trail smelter capacity has been taken up by ore and concentrates from the
Pine Point mine on Great Slave Lake. The quantity of lead produced in 1966 was
the lowest since 1924 and the quantity of zinc the lowest since 1950.
The advance in Industrial Minerals was due almost entirely to an increase in
the price of sulphur. Production of sulphur at Kimberley continued to increase, but
the total quantity from all sources was very little more than in 1965. Asbestos
production has been increasing since the start of operations, and in 1966 grossed
$15 million for the first time.
The rise in value of Structural Materials was due in part to an increased
production of cement, coupled with an increase in price. By far the greatest increase
was in sand and gravel, because of increased consumption and also because of listing
material from sources not previously included.
The substantial increase in value of Fuels was due to increases in production of
oil and gas coupled with a very slight rise in price. Crude oil became the third most
valuable commodity, exceeded only by copper and zinc. Coal production was down
10 per cent from 1965.
The Canadian prices for gold and silver remained essentially unchanged from
1965 because the United States prices were fixed and the premium on United States
funds fell only fractionally. Prices for lead and zinc maintained a fairly high level,
the Canadian price for lead falling almost 1 cent and that for zinc a small fraction
of 1 cent per pound from the 1965 figures.
A 10
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY,  1966 A 11
The average Canadian price for copper was an unprecedented 53.344 cents per
pound. This was almost 15 cents (39 per cent) above that of the previous record
year, 1965.
The Trail smelter operated at a high level, accepting from British Columbia
non-Cominco mines all crude ores, 24.6 per cent of the lead concentrates, and 32.8
per cent of the zinc concentrates produced. The remaining lead and most of the
zinc concentrates were exported to United States smelters; a small amount of zinc
concentrates went to Japan. All copper concentrates were exported, 10 per cent
to the Tacoma smelter and 90 per cent to Japan. Japanese smelters took all of
the nickel, all of the magnetic iron concentrates, and some of the molybdenum
concentrates. In all, about 38 per cent of the total value of British Columbia metal
production was exported to Japan in the form of concentrates. This is equivalent
also to 23.5 per cent of the total mineral industry.
Another stage in the utilization of ore from the Sullivan mine was reached in
June, with completion of a steel ingot plant at Kimberley. This plant, with a
capacity of about 80,000 tons per year, is near the iron smelter and converts molten
iron to steel. This is the ultimate step in utilizing the iron contained in the iron
sulphide tailings which for many years had been segregated and stockpiled by
far-seeing men. The steel is the first made in British Columbia from British Columbia ores. Cominco Ltd. is fabricating this steel in the plant of its subsidiary,
Western Canada Steel Limited at Vancouver, thus establishing the first fully integrated steel operation in Western Canada.
Molybdenum was mined on a major scale for the first full calendar year. The
Boss Mountain mine milled more than 1,000 tons per day, and the Endako mine,
while expanding its capacity, averaged more than 15,000 tons per day for the year.
The Red Mountain mine came into production at about the middle of the year
at 400 tons per day. The British Columbia Molybdenum property at Alice Arm
was being readied for operation at 6,000 tons per day in 1967. Bulk sampling was
completed at the Brenda molybdenum-copper property west of Peachland, and
work continued on molybdenum-bearing deposits in various parts of the Province.
The future for molybdenum in British Columbia is undeniably bright, and the
Province already provides about one-sixth of the free world's output of that metal.
Apart from the greatly enhanced value of production, the copper situation
was good. Bethlehem continued to increase mill capacity; Craigmont completed
open-pit mining and started underground; and other producers had a good year,
although the Mount Washington operation closed. Granisle Copper Limited came
into production late in 1966, and Western Mines Limited at the end of the year.
Wesfrob Mines Limited was well advanced with construction for the production of
iron and copper concentrates in 1967. Granduc Mines Limited made a good start
in driving the 11.6-mile adit from the camp at Tide Lake to the mine on the Leduc
glacier; work was also done at the Leduc end. Copper and copper-molybdenum
deposits of promise in various parts were further investigated.
Exploration continued at a high rate in 1966, and although other metals were
looked for, copper and molybdenum were the principal ones sought. More than
300 companies were engaged in some form of exploration and of these 35 could be
classed as majors which participated directly or through subsidiaries.
One direct measure of activity is the number of mineral claims recorded—
a total of 91,703 in 1966, far exceeding the previous records of 29,244 claims in
1964, and 41,882 in 1965. The 56,138 certificates of work also established a
record in 1966.
The Department has for a great many years endeavoured to report annually as
much current activity as possible.   In the last ten years it has become obvious that
 A 12 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
a summary of exploration and development costs would be very useful, and to this
end forms were sent out for the past three years to all active companies, seeking
information on the year's expenditures. The figures, unfortunately, are not directly
comparable from year to year, but a start has been made. In 1966 the following
approximate expenditures were made: Exploration (search for new deposits not
classed as mines), $29 million; development (work done to put new mines into
production), $44 million; total spent in search of new mines and in preparing new
mines for production, $73 million.
Ten staff geologists of the Mineralogical Branch, Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources, carried out geological mapping and field studies of mining
properties and mineralized areas. Results of this work are found in the Lode
Metals section of this report.
The Geological Survey of Canada reported 36 projects involving field work in
British Columbia. These ranged from geological mapping at 4 miles to 1 inch and
1 mile to 1 inch to palasontological and mineralogical studies. Air-borne magnetometer surveying continued under a cost-sharing agreement between the Geological
Survey and the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources. A three-year
contract was signed, the first area, roughly between Merritt and Quesnel Lake,
being flown late in 1966. The aeromagnetic maps from such work are expectable
one year later.
Figures on expenditures by mining companies have been given as in Table XI
for many years. These have not been complete and are not directly comparable
from year to year because of inclusion of different factors. Salaries and wages of
the petroleum industry have been included for several years but have been
incomplete. For two years, figures on mining exploration and development have
been forthcoming. It is believed that for 1966 and subsequent years comprehensive
figures will be available for exploration and development of all sorts, capital expenditures, etc. It is only possible to give the following total and approximate figures
for the mining industry (including metals, industrial minerals, structural materials,
and coal):—•
Mining and quarrying operations—
Salaries and wages     $72,324,000
Compensation, silicosis, unemployment         3,199,000
Fuel and electricity       12,283,000
Process supplies       28,120,000
Capital expenditures       31,565,000
Exploration and development       73,577,000
Total  $221,068,000
The production records set by petroleum and natural gas were the latest in
an almost unbroken rise in output since the first production. Total drilling was
slightly less than in 1965, but still more than 1 million feet. Development footage
was down and exploratory footage was up. Thirty-six exploratory wells and
55 development wells resulted in oil and gas completions. There were 19 gas
discoveries and five oil discoveries. The most significant discovery was that of the
Inga oilfield.
The Sedco 135-F semi-submersible drilling vessel under construction at Victoria neared completion, and one company (Shell Canada Limited) carried out
seismic surveys off the West Coast.
Additions were made to the oil-gathering system, and the capacity of the
pipe-line from Taylor to Kamloops was increased. Construction of an oil refinery
commenced at Prince George for completion in 1967. The gas transmission-line
of Inland Natural Gas Co. Ltd. was increased in length and capacity.
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY,  1966
A 13
Figures for the net cash expenditures for the petroleum industry are available
for the second year.   In summary form these expenditures were in 1966:—
Exploration, including land acquisition and drilling  $49,200,000
       9,100,000
     15,200,000
       4,000,000
       6,500,000
       9,200,000
Development drilling
Capital expenditures __
Operations of natural-gas plants
Operations of wells	
General (excluding income tax)
Total	
Direct revenue to the Government from the entire mineral
below:—
Free miners' certificates, recording fees, lease rentals, assessment payments, etc.	
Royalties payable on iron concentrates
$93,200,000
industry is listed
Payments on industrial minerals and structural materials.
Ten-per-cent production tax on net value of metals	
Coal licences	
Petroleum and natural-gas rentals, fees, etc.	
Sale of Crown reserves	
Royalties on oil, gas, and processed products
Miscellaneous 	
$1,359,880
263,182
165,981
5,527,153
6,426
10,208,939
15,839,477
7,767,956
18,073
Total
$41,157,067
 Statistics
The statistics of the mineral industry are collected and compiled and tabulated
for this Report by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics, Department of Industrial
Development, Trade, and Commerce.
CO-OPERATION WITH DOMINION BUREAU OF STATISTICS
In the interests of uniformity and to avoid duplication of effort, beginning with
the statistics for 1925, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the various Provincial
departments have co-operated in the collection and processing of mineral statistics.
Producers of metals, industrial minerals, structural materials, coal, and petroleum and natural gas are requested to submit returns in duplicate on forms prepared
for use by the Province and by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
So far as possible both organizations follow the same practice in processing
the data. The final compilation by the Dominion Bureau is usually published considerably later than the Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources
for British Columbia. Differences between the figures published by the two organizations arise mainly from the facts that the Dominion Bureau bases its quantities
of lode metals on returns made by smelter operators, whereas the British Columbia
mining statistician uses the returns covering shipments from individual mines in
the same period, and the Dominion Bureau uses average prices for metals considered
applicable to the total Canadian production, whereas the British Columbia mining
statistician uses prices considered applicable to British Columbia production. Peat,
included under the classification of fuel by the Dominion Bureau, has not been
regarded as mineral or fuel, and accordingly has not been included in the British
Columbia statistics of mineral production.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION
The tabulated statistics are arranged so as to facilitate comparison of the
production records for the various mining divisions, and from year to year. From
time to time, revisions have been made to figures in earlier reports as additional
data became available or errors came to light.
Data are obtained from the certified returns made by producers of lode metals,
industrial minerals and structural materials, and coal, and are augmented by data
obtained from customs smelters. For placer gold, returns from operators are augmented by data obtained from the Royal Canadian Mint and from Gold Commissioners and other sources. For petroleum, natural gas, and liquid by-products,
production figures are supplied by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and are compiled from the monthly
disposition reports and the Crown royalty statement filed with the Department by
the producers.
Values are in Canadian funds. Weights are avoirdupois pounds and tons
(2,000 lb.) and troy ounces.
Metals
Prior to 1925 the value of metals produced was not uniformly calculated.
The true average prices for gold and copper were used, and the smelter loss of copper
was taken into account. The value of other metals was obtained by applying to
the gross content of ores or concentrates a percentage of the average price as
follows:  Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc, 85 per cent.   For 1925
A 14
 STATISTICS
A 15
and subsequent years the value has been calculated using the true average price
and the net metal contents, in accordance with the procedures adopted by the
Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources.
Gross and Net Contents and Calculated Value
In past years there have been different methods of calculating net contents,
particularly in the case of one metal contained in the concentrate of another. The
present method was established in 1963.
The gross contents for any metal are the total assay contents of ore, concentrates, or bullion as shipped to the smelter or refinery. The net contents are the
gross contents less smelter and refinery losses.
In the statistical tables the values are calculated by applying the average price
for the year to the gross contents of gold, and the net contents of other metals, as in
the following table, starting in 1963:—
Lead
Zinc
Copper
Copper-Nickel
Copper
Concentrates
Concentrates
Concentrates
Concentrates
Matte
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Silver	
98
98
98
98
Copper- _.
Less 26 lb./ton
Less 10 lb./ton
85
Less 10 lb./ton
Lead  ...
98
50
50
50
Zinc...    ..
50
90
50
70
70
Nickel	
....
88
Values of by-product metals are determined by multiplying the average price
by the quantity of refined metal shipped. Tin and tungsten concentrates exported
for treatment are valued on the basis of the reported metal content. Iron concentrate exported to Japan is valued at the price received by the shippers. The value
of by-product iron ore used in making pig iron at Kimberley is taken as the average
value per ton of ore of comparable grade, at the point of export from British
Columbia. The value of molybdenum is calculated by applying the average price
to the reported metal content of concentrates (molybdenum sulphide) and of
molybdenum trioxide.
Average Prices
The methods of computing prices have varied because of changing conditions.
The prices are now arrived at by methods given in footnotes to the table of average
prices on page A 20.
Placer Gold
Beginning with 1962, Mint reports giving the fine-gold content have been
available for all but a negligible part of the reported placer-gold production, and
the value of the fine-gold content has been used. Previously the value had been
calculated, taking the average fineness as 822Vi.
Industrial Minerals and Structural Materials
Prices for these materials approximate the prices at the point of origin.
Fuel
Coal
The price per ton used in valuing coal {see p. A 20) is the weighted average
of the f.o.b. prices at the mines for coal sold and used.
 A 16 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1966
Petroleum and Natural Gas
The values for natural gas, natural-gas liquid by-products, and for petroleum,
including condensate/pentanes plus, are the aggregates of amounts received for
the products at the well-head.
NOTES ON PRODUCTS
Antimony.—Production began in 1939. Antimony assigned to individual
mining divisions is the reported content of concentrates exported to foreign smelters.
Antimony " not assigned " is the antimony content of antimonial lead or of other
antimony products at the Trail smelter.   See Tables I, III, and Vile.
Arsenious Oxide.—Production began in 1917. Principal productive periods:
Omineca, 1928, 16,997 pounds, $340; Osoyoos, 1917-30 and 1942, 22,002,423
pounds, $272,861.   See Tables I and VIId.
Asbestos.—Production began in 1952. From 1953 to 1961 asbestos was
valued at the shipping point in North Vancouver. Beginning with 1962 it has
been valued at the mine and the values for the preceding years have been recalculated on that basis.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Barite.—Production began in 1940.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Bentonite.—Principal productive period, 1926-44, 791 tons. See Tables I
and VIId.
Bismuth.—Production began in 1929. Recovered as by-product at Trail
smelter.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Butane.—Recovered as a by-product at the gas plant at Taylor and at oil
refineries.   See Tables I, III, and VIIa.
Cadmium.—Production began in 1928. Cadmium assigned to individual
mining divisions is the reported content of custom shipments to the Trail smelter
and to foreign smelters. Cadmium " not assigned " is the remainder of the reported
estimated recovery at the Trail smelter from British Columbia concentrates. See
Tables I, III, and Vila
Chromite.—Produced in 1918 and 1929.   See Tables I and Vila
Coal.—-All coal produced, including that used in making coke, is shown as
primary mine production. Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mine output and
includes material lost in picking and washing. For 1910 and subsequent years the
quantity is that sold and used. First production: Cariboo, 1942; Fort Steele, 1898;
Kamloops, 1893; Liard, 1923; Nanaimo, 1836; Nicola, 1907; Omineca, 1918;
Osoyoos, 1926; Similkameen, 1909; Skeena, 1912. For washery loss, change in
stock, and differences between gross mine output and coal sold, refer to the table
" Production and Distribution by Collieries and by Districts " in the section headed
" Coal " or " Coal-mining " in this and preceding Annual Reports. The totals
" sold and used " include: Sales to retail and wholesale dealers, industrial users,
and company employees; coal used in company boilers, including steam locomotives; coal used in making coke.   See Tables I, III, VIIa, VIIIa, and VIIIb.
Cobalt.—Production of 1,730 pounds, 1928.   See Tables I and Vila
Crude Oil.—Production began in 1955 and is shown in Tables I, III, and VIIa.
The quantity is reported in barrels of 35 imperial gallons. Quantities given prior
to 1962 under "petroleum, crude " are total sales and from 1962 to 1965 include
field and plant condensates. Beginning in 1966, total production of crude oil is
given, and field and plant condensates are listed separately. Full details are given
in the Petroleum and Natural Gas section of this report.   See Tables I, III, and VIIa.
Diatomite.—First production, 1928.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
 STATISTICS A 17
Field Condensate.—Liquid produced in the field from gas wells. Listed as
condensate/pentanes plus in the Petroleum and Natural Gas section of this report.
See Tables I, III, and VIIa.
Fluorspar.—Principal productive periods: Greenwood, 1918-29 and 1942,
35,309 tons, $783,578; Osoyoos, 1958, 32 tons, $1,386. See Tables I, III, and
VIId.
Fluxes.—First reported, 1911, mainly quartz and limestone. See Tables I, III,
and VIId.
Gold, Lode.—Gold is mainly the product of lode-gold mines, but a substantial
part is a by-product from copper and silver-lead-zinc mines. See Tables I, III,
VI, and VIIb.
Gold, Placer.—A substantial part of the production, including much of the
gold recovered from the Fraser River from Yale upstream (New Westminster Mining
Division) and much of the early Cariboo production, is based on early estimates and
cannot be accurately assigned to individual mining divisions. In 1965 changes were
made in the allocation of placer gold to the New Westminster and Similkameen
Mining Divisions, and not assigned, to reconcile those figures with data incorporated
in Bulletin No. 28. First year of production for major placer-producing divisions:
Atlin, 1898; Cariboo, 1858; Liard, 1873; Lillooet, 1874; Omineca, 1869. See
Tables I, III, VI, and VIIa.
Granules.—First production, 1930.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Gypsum and Gypsite.—First production, 1911.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Hydromagnesite.—First production, 1904. Principal productive periods:
Atlin, 1915-16, 1,450 tons, $20,325; Clinton, 1921, 803 tons, $7,211. See
Tables I and VIId.
Indium.—Production began in 1942. Not reported as individual metal since
1958, but value taken into total value of all metals.
Iron Concentrates.—Principal productive period began in 1951. Includes calcine used in making pig iron at Kimberley beginning in 1961. The entire production
credited to the Fort Steele Mining Division is of calcine. See Tables I, III, VI, and
Vila
Iron Oxide and Ochre.—Principal productive periods: Golden, 1927-39, 27
tons, $920; Nelson, 1948-50; 7,292 tons, $55,901; Vancouver, 1918-50, 10,669
tons, $97,389; Victoria, 1923, 120 tons, $840.   See Tables I and VIId.
Lead.—Revisions were made in 1958 to some yearly totals for lead and zinc
to bring them into agreement with the best records of recoveries of lead and zinc
from slags treated at the Trail smelter.   See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIb.
Magnesium.—Produced 204,632 pounds, 1941 and 1942. See Tables I and
Vila
Magnesium Sulphate.—Principal productive periods: Clinton, 1918-20,
1,923 tons, $39,085; Kamloops, 1918-42, 8,742 tons, $193,967; Osoyoos, 1915-
19, 3,229 tons, $21,300.   See Tables I and VIId.
Manganese.—Principal productive period, 1918-20. See Tables I and Vila
Total includes estimated manganese content of about 40 tons of ore shipped for
testing in 1956 by Olalla Mines Ltd.
Mercury.—Principal productive period, 1940-44.   See Tables I and Vile.
Mica.—First production, 1932.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Molybdenum.—Principal productive periods, 1914-18 and beginning in 1964.
See Tables I, III, VI, and Vile.
 A 18 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Natro-alunite.—Principal productive period, 1912-27, 522 tons. See Tables
I and VIId.
Natural Gas.—Commercial production of natural gas began in 1954. The
production shown in Tables I, III, and VIIa is the total amount sold of residual
gas from processing plants plus dry and associated gas from the gas-gathering
system; that is, the quantity delivered to the main transmission-line. The quantity
is net after deducting gas used on leases, metering difference, and gas used or lost
in the cleaning plant. The quantity is reported as thousands of cubic feet at standard
conditions (14.4 pounds per square inch pressure, 60° F. temperature, up to and
including the year 1960, and thereafter 14.65 pounds per square inch pressure,
60° F. temperature). Gross well output, other production, delivery, and sales data
are tabulated in the Petroleum and Natural Gas section of this report.
Nickel.—Production began in 1958.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Palladium.—Production recorded, 1928.   See Tables I and Vila
Perlite.—In 1953, 1,112 tons valued at $11,120 was produced. See Tables
I and VIId.
Petroleum, Crude.—See " Crude Oil."
Phosphate Rock.—Produced 1927-33, 3,842 tons.   See Tables I and VIId.
Plant Condensate.—Liquid produced from natural gas at field plants or at
the Taylor gas-processing plant. Listed as condensate/pentanes plus in the Petroleum and Natural Gas section of this report.   See Tables I, III, and VIIa.
Platinum.—Produced intermittently 1887-1963.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Propane.—Recovered as a by-product at the gas plant at Taylor and at oil
refineries.   See Tables I, III, and VIIa.
Rock.—Rubble, riprap, and crushed rock.   See Tables I, III, and VIIe.
Selenium.—Produced 731 pounds in 1931.   See Tables I and Vila
Silver, Lode.—Produced yearly, beginning 1887, mainly from silver-lead-zinc
ore and as a by-product from copper ore.   See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIb.
Sodium Carbonate.—Principal productive periods: Clinton, 1921-49, 9,524
tons, $109,895; Kamloops, 1931-35, 968 tons, $9,088.   See Tables I and VIId.
Structural Materials.—Unclassified materials valued at $5,972,171 in Table
VIIe is the total for structural materials in the period 1886-1919 that cannot be
allotted to particular classes of structural materials or assigned to mining divisions,
and includes $726,323 shown against 1896 in Table II that includes unclassified
structural materials in that and previous years not assignable to particular years.
The figure $3,150,828 in Table VIIe under other clay products is the value in the
period 1886-1910 that cannot be allotted to particular clay products or assigned to
mining divisions.   See Tables I, II, III, VIIa, and VIIe.
Sulphur.—From 1916 to 1927 the figures include the sulphur content of
pyrites shipped. From 1928 the tonnages include the estimated sulphur content
of pyrites shipped plus the sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste
smelter gases. Iron sulphide roasting at the Kimberley acid plant commenced in
1953, and the sulphur content is included. Elemental sulphur has been recovered
from the natural-gas plant at Taylor since 1958.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Talc.—Principal productive periods: Golden, 1927, 5 tons, $356; Lillooet,
1916-36, 296 tons, $5,129; Victoria, 1919-35, 1,504 tons, $29,386. See Tables
I, III, and VIId.
Tin.—First production 1941.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Tungsten.—Principal productive period, 1937-58.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
 STATISTICS
A 19
Volcanic Ash.—Cariboo, 30 tons.   See Tables I and VIId.
Zinc.—For 1905-08, inclusive, records show shipments of a combined total
of 18,847 tons of zinc ore and zinc concentrates of unstated zinc content. Revisions
were made in 1958 to some yearly totals for lead and zinc to bring them into agreement with the best records of recoveries of lead and zinc from slags treated at the
Trail smelter.   See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIb.
 A 20                  MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Average Prices Used in Valuing Provincial Production of Gold,
Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Coal
Year
Gold.i
Crude,
Oz.
Gold,
Fine,
Oz.
Silver,
Fine,
Oz.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
Coal,
Short
Ton
1901	
$
17.00
$
20.67
Cents
66.002 N.T.
49.55      .,
50.78 „
53.36      „
61.33      „
63.45      „
62.06      „
60.22      .,
48.93      „
50.812   „
50.64 „
57.79 „
56.80 ..
52.10      „
47.20      „
62.38      .,
77.35      ..
91.93      „
105.57      „
95.80      „
59.52      „
64.14      „
61.63
63.442    ..
69.065 „
62.107    „
56.370   „
58.176   „
52.993    „
38.154   „
28.700   ..
31.671    ..
37.832    „
47.461    „
64.790   ..
45.127   „
44.881    .,
43.477   ..
40.488    „
38.249 ..
38.261    „
41.166   „
45.254    „
43.000    „
47.000    „
83.650    „
72.000    ..
75.000 Mont.
74.250 U.S.
80.635    „
94.550    „
83.157    „
83.774    ,.
82.982   „
87.851   „
89.373    „
87.057   ..
86.448   „
87.469    „
88.633    „
93.696   „
116.029   „
137.965    „
139.458    „
139.374    ,.
139.300    ..
Cents
16.11   N.T.
11.70      .,
13.24      „
12.82      „
15.59 „
19.28      „
20.00
13.20      .,
12.98      „
12.738    „
12.38
16.341    „
15.27      „
13.60 „
17.28
27.202    ,.
27.18
24.63      „
18.70      „
17.45      „
12.60      „
13.38      „
14.42      „
13.02      „
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.920    „
14.570    „
18.107    „
12.982    „
8.116    „
6.380 Lond.
7.454    „
7.419    „
7.795    „
9.477   „
13.078 „
9.972   „
10.092    „
10.086    „
10.086    „
10.086   „
11.750    „
12.000    ..
12.550   „
12.800   „
20.390    „
22.350 U.S.
19.973   „
23.428    „
27.700    „
31.079 „
30.333    „
29.112    „
38.276    „
39.787    „
26.031    „
23.419    „
27.708    „
28.985   .,
28.288    „
30.473   „
30.646   „
33.412   „
38.377   „
S3.344    ..
Cents
2.577 N.T.
3.66 „
3.81      „
3.88      „
4.24
4.81      „
4.80      „
3.78      „
3.85
4.00      „
3.98      „
4.024    „
3.93      „
3.50      „
4.17      .,
6.172    „
7.91
6.67 „
5.19      „
7.16      ,.
4.09      „
5.16      .,
6.54      „
7.287   „
7.848 Lond.
6.751    .,
5.256    „
4.575    „
5.050    „
3.927    „
2.710    „
2.113    .,
2.391    ,.
2.436    „
3.133    ..
3.913    „
5.110    „
3.344    ..
3.169    ..
3.362    ..
3.362    „
3.362    „
3.754    „
4.500    „
5.000    „
6.750    „
13.670    ..
18.040    „
15.800 U.S.
14.454    ,.
18.400    „
16.121    „
13.265    „
13.680    „
14.926    „
15.756   „
14.051    „
11.755    „
11.670    „
11.589   „
11.011 „
10.301    „
12.012 ,.
14.662    „
17.247   „
16.283    „
Cents
*
2.679
3.125
4.464
4.018
3.795
4.68
6.12
6.09
6.51
6.43
6.46
6.94
6.88
7.00
6.74
6.69
6.76
7.45
7.93
6.64
7.40
7.43
7.33
6.94
7.03
7.28
1902     	
1903 	
1904 ....
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909
1910	
4.60 B. St. L.
4.90      „
5.90      „
4.80      ..
4.40      „
11.25      „
10.88      „
7.566    „
6.94
6.24
6.52
3.95       „
4.86      ..
5.62      ..
5.39      ..
7.892 Lond.
7.409    „
6.194    „
5.493    „
5.385    „
3.599    „
2.554   „
2.405    ,.
3.210    „
3.044    „
3.099    ..
3.315    .,
4.902    „
3.073    ..
3.069   „
3.411    ..
3.411    „
3.411    „
4.000    „
4.300    „
6.440    „
7.810    ..
11.230    ..
13.930    ,.
13.247 U.S.
15.075    ,.
19.900    „
15.874    „
10.675    „
10.417    „
12.127    „
13.278    ..
11.175    „
10.009    „
10.978    „
12.557   „
11.695    „
12.422   „
13.173    „
14.633    „
15.636   „
1S.622    ..
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
1919 	
1921    	
1922	
1923	
1924
1925   	
1926 	
    1   	
1928 	
19.30
23.02
28.37
28.94
28.81
28.77
28.93
29.72
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
30.22
28.78
28.78
29.60
31.29
30.30
28.18
28.31
27.52
28.39
28.32
27.59
27.94
27.61
27.92
29.24
29.25
29.31
29.96
28.93
29.08
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34.99
35.18
36.14
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
36.75
35.00
35.00
36.00
38.05
36.85
34.27
34.42
34.07
34.52
34.44
33.55
33.98
33.57
33.95
35.46
37.41
37.75
37.75
37.73
37.71
1931
1933	
1934 „
1935	
1936	
1937     	
1938                	
1941              	
1942            	
1944    	
1945	
1946   	
1947             	
1948               	
1949	
1950	
1951	
1953       	
1954     	
1955     	
1956     	
1959	
1961             	
1962     	
1963	
1964  	
1965     	
i See page A 15, un
Prices for fine gold
indicated,  converted  in
Lond.=London; E. St.
Prior to 1925 the p
taken at the following p
cent;  and zinc, 85 per c<
der place
are the (
o   Cana
C.=East
rices for
ercentag(
:nt.
r gold.
Canadian
dian   fun
St. Louis
gold an
s of the
Mint buying pr
ds.    The  abbre
;  and U.S.=Un
i copper are tru
year's average p
ces.   Prices for other metals are those of the markets
viations  are:     Mont.=Montreal;    N.Y.=New  York;
ited States.
e average prices, but the prices of other metals were
rice for the metal:    Silver, 95 per cent;   lead, 90 per
 STATISTICS
A 21
Table I.—Mineral Production: Total to Date, Past Year,
and Latest Year
Products1
Total Quantity
to Date
Total Value
to Date
Quantity,
1965
Value,
1965
Quantity,
1966
Value,
1966
Metals
Antimony	
Bismuth	
lb.
lb.
_lb.
48,592,140
6,201,542
34,980,173
796
1,730
3,545,363,290
5,232,957
16,557,330
118,102,813
14,963,645,244
204,632
1,724
4,170,730
24,655,016
28,230,859
749
1,407
731
459,669,517
16,836,845
16,019,324
13,286,573,916
$
13,982,044
11,192,141
58,294,680
32,295
420
700,013,845
96,886,289
486,236,108
159,329,902
1,214,936,580
88,184
1,301,787
144,630
466,586
$
689,947
446,907
1,297,110
1,405,681
47,435
1,144,477
$
745,011
198,848
2,952,751
lb.
. lb.
85,197,073
866
117,124
2,165,403
250,183,633
32,696,081
25,053
4,419,089
21,498,581
43,149,171
105,005,750
1,535
118,700
2,151,804
211,490,107
56,014,267
44,632
4,476,177
Iron concentrates.	
Lead—	
tons
lb.
lb.
20,778,934
34,436,934
Manganese-    -     ,	
Mercury  	
Molybdenum 	
tons
lb.
—lb.
32,668
10,444,758
40,570,199
22,427,270
30,462
135,008
1,389
303,215,704
13,974,365
38,663,751
1,216,335,952
8,616,501
1,520
7,289,125
3,322,000
12,301
12,405,344
2,790,480
17,306,343
3,622,400
28,071,594
. ib.
3,104,397
lb.
4,972,084
377,207
Silver
Tin  	
Tungsten (WO3)
-OZ.
lb.
lb.
6,929,793
735,554
5,539,884
710,752
7,717,058
916,870
Zinc  -	
Others..	
lb.
311,249,250
48,666,933
1,339,389
305,124,440
47,666,540
1,632,747
Totals	
4,395,440,5151
177,101,7331    	
208,756,760
Industrial Minerals
lb
22,019,420
591,230
252,276
791
3,797
35,563
3,940,052
271,003
3,057,713
2,253
18,108
238,285
13,894
12,822,050
522
1,112
3,842
10,492
5,974,907
1,805
30
273,201
114,771,818
2,942,149
16,858
144,070
792,369
7,008,563
4,085,350
11,543,798
27,536
155,050
108,768
254,352
185,818
9,398
11,120
16,894
118,983
68,446,296
34,871
300
Asbestos	
tons
85,851
17,466
14,491,195
182,931
88,771
21,888
15,070,786
176,240
Diatomite-	
-tons
82
70
59,231
29,033
207,858
4,420
2,419
240,076
447,954
602,788
70
152
23,913
23,956
206,026
3,755
Fluorspar	
Fluxes
Granules 	
-tons
tons
-tons
4,986
112,314
424,667
Gypsum and gypsite	
Hydro-magnesite	
tons
tons
..tons
lb.
tons
lb.
tons
576,873
Jade
Magnesium sulphate	
7,129
9,249
11,633
13,225
Phosphate rock	
tons
-tons
Sulphur     	
341,873
4,428,617
342,478
5,834,523
Talc
Volcanic ash	
-tons
Totals 	
■
210,947,562
-       -
20,409,649
_      -
22,217,369
Structural MateriaL
Cement - 	
..tons
10,190,223
159,543,052
60,092,957
41,105,787
35,945,215
164,267,124
9,080,211
5,972,171
601,878
" 1,420,085
2,715,411
20,936,994
2,252
11,199,607
3 899,634
707,506
15,959,293
Clav products —  	
4,100,192
Lime and limestone	
-tons
tons
...tons
2,482,451
1,938,088
12,686,959
118,975
1,483,949
1,590,189
24,320,013
76,720
2,696,011
Hnrlr
Sand and gravel	
1,890,992
21,959,733
Stone 	
1,154,471
215,043
Not assigned 	
Totals	
476,006,5171     ....
32,325,714
| 46,821,264
Fuels
Coal-- 	
-tons
139,724,702
66,810,754
121,171
7,602,008
940,603,683
3,141,079
1,814,242
595,272,391
137,167,280
263,083
4,632,359
88,667,933
1,005,146
580,555
950,763
13,470,757
31,782
947,429
138,814,144
477,990
358,776
6,713,590
28,693,662
70,874
576,107
14,493,255
152,956
114,808
850,821
16,638,181
39,571
974,564
161,264,334
500,973
334,315
6,196,219
Crude oil -  	
-bbl.
36,268,288
Field condensate	
Plant condensate-	
Natural gas to pipe-line
M
Butane	
bbl.
bbl.
s.c.f.
. bbl.
86,660
312,360
17,339,587
160,312
Propane 	
.bbl.
106,980
Totals—   	
827,588,7471
50,815,252
1 60,470,406
Grand totals -	
5,909,983,341
1
280,652,348
338,265,799
!
1
1 See notes on individual minerals listed alphabetically on pages A 16 to A 19.
 A 22 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1966
Year
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Fuels
Total
1836-
1887-
1888-
1889-
1890-
1891-
1892-
1893-
1894-
1895..
1896-
1897..
1898.
1899.
1900-
1901-
1902..
1903-
1904-
1905-
1906...
1907-
11908-
1909.
1910-
1911-
1912.
1913-
1914-
1915-
1916.
1917-
1918-
1919 -
1920 .
1921..
1922-
1923-
1924..
1925...
1926..
1927...
H928-
1929-
1930-
1931-
1932-
1933-
1934..
1935-
1936..
1937-
1938-
1939-
1940-
1941-
1942..
1943-
1944.
1945..
1946..
1947-
1948-
1949.
1950-
52,808,750
729,381
745,794
685,512
572,884
447,136
511,075
659,969
1,191,728
2,834,629
4,973,769
7,575,262
7,176,870
8,107,509
11,360,546
14,258,455
12,163,561
12,640,083
13,424,755
16,289,165
18,449,602
17,101,305
15,227,991
14,668,141
13,768,731
11,880,062
18,218,266
17,701,432
15,790,727
20,765,212
32,092,648
27,299,934
27,957,302
20,058,217
19,687,532
13,160,417
19,605,401
25,769,215
35,959,566
46,480,742
51,867,792
45,134,289
48,640,158
52,805,345
41,785,380
23,530,469
20,129,869
25,777,723
35,177,224
42,006,618
45,889,944
65,224,245
55,959,713
56,216,049
64,332,166
65,807,630
63,626,140
55,005,394
42,095,013
50,673,592
58,834,747
95,729,867
124,091,753
110,219,917
117,166,836
2,400
46,345
17,500
46,446
51,810
133,114
150,718
174,107
281,131
289,426
508,601
330,503
251,922
140,409
116,932
101,319
223,748
437,729
544,192
807,502
457,225
480,319
447,495
460,683
486,554
543,583
724,362
976,171
916,841
1,381,720
1,073,023
1,253,561
1,434,382
1,378,337
1,419,248
1,497,720
1,783,010
2,275,972
2,358,877
2,500,799
2,462,340
$
43,650
22,168
46,432
77,517
75,201
79,475
129,234
726,323
150,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
400,000
450,000
525,000
575,000
660,800
982,900
1,149,400
1,200,000
1,270,559
1,500,000
3,500,917
3,436,222
3,249,605
2,794,107
1,509,235
1,247,912
1,097,900
783,280
980,790
1,962,824
1,808,392
2,469,967
2,742,388
2,764,013
2,766,838
3,335,885
2,879,160
3,409,142
3,820,732
4,085,105
3,538,519
1,705,708
1,025,586
1,018,719
1,238,718
1,796,677
2,098,339
1,974,976
1,832,464
2,534,840
2,845,262
3,173,635
3,025,255
3,010,088
3,401,229
5,199,563
5,896,803
8,968,222
9,955,790
10,246,939
10,758,565
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,824,687
2,693,961
2,734,522
3,582,595
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
5,511,861
5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
11,108,335
8,071,747
10,786,812
9,197,460
7,745,847
7,114,178
8,900,675
8,484,343
12,833,994
11,975,671
13,450,169
12,836,013
12,880,060
12,678,548
9,911,935
12,168,905
11,650,180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256,260
9,435,650
7,684,155
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
5,048,864
5,722,502
6,139,920
5,565,069
6,280,956
7,088,265
7,660,000
8,237,172
7,742,030
8,217,966
6,454,360
6,732,470
8,680,440
9,765,395
10,549,924
10,119,303
63,610,965
1,991,629
2,260,129
2,502,519
2,682,505
3,613,902
3,119,314
3,594,851
4,230,587
5,659,316
8,394,053
10,459,784
10,909,465
12,434,312
16,355,076
19,674,853
17,445,818
17,497,380
18,955,179
22,461,826
24,980,546
25,888,418
23,784,857
24,513,584
26,377,066
23,499,071
32,458,800
30,194,943
26,382,491
29,521,739
42,391,953
37,056,284
41,855,707
33,304,104
35,609,126
28,135,325
35,207,350
41,330,560
48,752,446
61,517,804
67,077,605
60,720,313
65,227,002
68,689,839
55,763,360
35,233,462
28,806,716
32,639,163
42,407,630
48,837,783
54,133,485
74,438,675
64,416,599
65,711,189
75,028,294
77,566,453
76,471,329
67,151,016
54,742,315
62,026,901
72,549,790
112,583,082
145,184,247
133,226,430
139,995,418
 STATISTICS
A 23
Table II.—Total Value
of Production, 1836-
1966—Continued
Year
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Fuels
Total
1951
1952    ..
$
153,598,411
147,857,523
126,755,705
123,834,286
142,609,505
149,441,246
125,353,920
104,251,112
105,076,530
130,304,373
128,565,774
159,627,293
172,852,866
180,926,329
177,101,733
208,756,760
$
2,493,840
2,181,464
3,002,673
5,504,114
6,939,490
9,172,792
11,474,050
9,958,768
12,110,286
13,762,102
12,948,308
14,304,214
16,510,898
16,989,469
20,409,64)
22,217,369
$
10,606,048
11,596,961
13,555,038
14,395,174
15,299,254
20,573,631
25,626,939
19,999,576
19,025,209
18,829,989
19,878,921
21,366,265
23,882,190
26,428,939
32,325,714
46,821,264
$
10,169,617
9,729,739
9,528,279
9,161,089
9,005,111
9,665,983
8,537,920
10,744,093
11,439,192
14,468,869
18,414,318
34,073,712
42,617,633
42,794,431
50,815,252
60,470,406
$
176,867,916
171,365,687
110^
152,841,695
1954	
1955	
1956
152,894,663
173,853,360
188,853,652
1957
170,992,829
1958 	
1959
144,953,549
147,651,217
1960
177,365,333
179,807,321
1961  	
1962     .
229,371,484
1963  	
1964    	
1965
1966
255,863,587
267,139,168
280,652,348
338,265,799
Totals..	
4,395,440,515
210,947,562
476006.517     I      827.588-747
5,909,983,341
 A 24
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1966
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 A 28 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1966
Table VI.—Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Molybdenum,
and Iron Concentrates, 1858-1966
Year
Placer Gold
(Crude)
Gold (Fine)
Silver
Copper
Quantity
Value
Quantity        Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Oz.
3,246,585
376,290
57,060
63,130
62,380
65,610
57,020
55,790
48,710
38,060
28,060
31,760
25,060
32,680
30,000
33,240
45,290
34,150
29,180
18,820
16,850
13,040
13,720
21,690
24,710
24,750
16,476
20,912
9,191
8,424
6,983
8,955
17,176
20,400
23,928
25,181
30,929
43,389
54,153
57,759
49,746
39,067
43,775
32,904
14,600
11,433
12,589
15,729
6,969
20,332
17,886
19,134
23,691
17,554
14,245
8,684
7,666
3,865
2,936
5,650
7,570
3,847
3,416
3,315
4,620
1,842
866
1,535
$
55,192,163
6,397,183
970,100
1,073,140
1,060,420
1,115,300
969,300
948,400
828,000
647,000
477,000
540,000
426,000
555,500
510,000
565,000
770,000
580,500
496,000
320,000
286,500
221,600
233,200
368,800
420,000
420,750
280,092
355,503
156,247
143,208
118,711
152,235
291,992
395,542
562,787
714,431
895,058
1,249,940
1,558,245
1,671,015
1,478,492
1,236,928
1,385,962
1,041,772
462,270
361,977
398,591
475,361
200,585
585,200
529,524
598,717
717,911
494,756
403,230
238,967
217,614
109,450
80,990
157,871
208,973
107,418
99,884
96,697
135,411
55,191
25,053
44,632
Oz.
$
Oz.
221,089
22,537,306
4,396,447
3,817,917
2,996,204
3,222,481
3,439,417
2,990,262
2,745,448
2,631,389
2,532,742
2,450,241
1,892,364
3,132,108
3,465,856
3,602,180
3,366,506
3,301,923
2,929,216
3,998,172
3,403,119
3,377,849
2,673,389
7,101,311
6,032,986
8,341,768
7,654,844
10,748,556
10,470,185
10,627,167
9,960,172
11,328,263
7,550,331
7,150,655
7,021,754
8,613,977
9,269,944
9,547,124
11,305,367
10,861,578
10,821,393
12,327,944
12,175,700
9,677,881
8,526,310
5,705,334
6,157,307
6,365,761
5,708,461
6,720,134
7,637,882
9,509,456
8,218,914
8,810,807
8,378,819
9,826,403
7,903,149
8,405,074
8,129,348
7,041,058
6,198,101
7,446,643
7,373,997
6,189,804
6,422,680
5,269,642
4,972,084
5,539,884
$
214,152
13,561,194
2,462,008
1,891,779
1,521,472
1,719,516
1,971,818
1,897,320
1,703,825
1,321,483
1,239,270
1,245,016
958,293
1,810,045
1,968,606
1,876,736
1,588,991
2,059,739
2,265,749
3,215,870
3,592,673
3,235,980
1,591,201
4,554,781
3,718,129
5,292,184
5,286,818
6,675,606
5,902,043
6,182,461
5,278,194
4,322,185
2,254,979
2,264,729
2,656,526
4,088,280
6,005,996
4,308,330
5,073,962
4,722,288
4,381,365
4,715,315
4,658,545
4,080,775
3,858,496
2,453,293
2,893,934
5,324,959
4,110,092
5,040,101
5,671,082
7,667,950
7,770,983
7,326,803
7,019,272
8,154,145
6,942,995
7,511,866
7,077,166
6,086,854
5,421,417
6,600,183
6,909,140
7,181,907
8,861,050
7,348,938
6,929,793
7,717,058
Lb.
$
1891-1900  -
1901	
632,806
210,384
236,491
232,828
222,042
238,660
224,027
196,179
255,582
238,224
267,701
228,617
257,496
272,254
247,170
250,021
221,932
114,523
164,674
152,426
120,048
135,765
197,856
179,245
247,716
209,719
201,427
178,001
180,662
145,223
160,836
146,133
181,651
223,589
297,216
365,343
404,578
460,781
557,522
587,336
583,524
571,026
444,518
224,403
186,632
175,373
117,612
243,282
286,230
288,396
283,983
261,274
255,789
253,552
258,388
242,477
191,743
223,403
194,354
12,858,353
4,348,637
4,888,269
4,812,554
4,589,608
4,933,103
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,879
4,924,090
5,533,380
4,725,512
5,322,442
5,627,595
5,109,008
5,167,934
4,587,333
2,367,191
3,403,811
3,150,644
2,481,392
2,804,197
4,089,684
3,704,994
5,120,535
4,335,069
4,163,859
3,679,601
3,734,609
3,002,020
3,324,975
3,020,837
4,263,389
6,394,645
10,253,952
12,856,419
14,172,367
16,122,767
19,613,624
21,226,957
22,461,516
21,984,501
17,113,943
8,639,516
7,185,332
6,751,860
4,322,241
8,514,870
10,018,050
10,382,256
10,805,553
9,627,947
8,765,889
8,727,294
8,803,279
8,370,306
6,603,628
7,495,170
6,604,149
35,416,069
27,603,746
29,652,043
34,359,921
35,710,128
37,692,251
42,990,488
40,832,721
47,274,614
45,597,245
38,243,934
36,927,656
51,456,537
46,460,305
45,009,699
56,918,405
65,379,364
59,007,565
61,483,754
42,459,339
44,887,676
39,036,993
32,359,896
57,720,290
64,845,393
72,306,432
89,339,768
89,202,871
97,908,316
102,793,669
92,362,240
64,134,746
50,608,036
43,149,460
49,651,733
39,428,208
21,671,711
46,057,584
65,769,906
73,254,679
77,980,223
66,435,583
50,097,716
42,307,510
36,300,589
25,852,366
17,500,538
41,783,921
43,025,388
54,856,808
42,212,133
43,249,658
42,005,512
49,021,013
50,150,087
44,238,031
43,360,575
31,387,441
12,658,649
16,233,546
33,064,429
31,692,412
108,979,144
118,247,104
115,554,700
85,197,073
105,005,750
4,365,210
4,446,963
1902 -._   . 	
1903  ..
3,450,291
4,547,878
1904	
1905	
4,578,037
5,876,222
1906	
8,288,565
1907 	
1908 -	
1909	
8,166,544
6,240,249
5,918,522
1910	
4,871,512
1911
4,571,644
1912               	
1913
8,408,513
7,094,489
1914.	
6,121,319
1915  .   .
1916
9,835,500
17,784,494
1917	
16,038,256
1918 __ .      .   .
1919	
15,143,449
7,939,896
1920    	
7,832,899
1921..	
1922     .
4,879,624
4,329,754
1973
8,323,266
1924. ..
8,442,870
1925
10,153,269
1926     _   	
12,324,421
1927	
11,525,011
1928	
14,265,242
1929	
1930	
1931.
1932 _
18,612,850
11,990,466
5,365,690
3,228,892
1933	
3,216,701
1934	
3,683,662
1935	
3,073,428
1936-    .
2,053,828
1937 - .
6,023,411
1938	
6,558,575
1939.
7,392,862
1940	
1941	
7,865,085
6,700,693
1942   , _
5,052,856
1943.
4,971,132
1944
4,356,070
1945	
3,244,472
1946 	
1947	
1948
2,240,070
8,519,741
9,616,174
1040
10,956,550
1950. .
9,889,458
1951	
1957.
11,980,155
13,054,893
1953
14,869,544
1954	
14,599,693
1955	
16,932,549
1956. ..
17,251,872
1957-  .     ...
1958.. _
8,170,465
2,964,529
1959	
1960	
1961
173,146|    5,812,511
205,580|    6,979,441
159,821|    5,667,253
158,850|    5,942,101
154,979|    5,850,458
138,487|    5,227,884
117,124|    4,419,089
118,700|    4,476,177
4,497,991
9,583,724
8,965,149
1962..	
1963	
33,209,215
36,238,007
1964
1965
1966
38,609,136
32,696,081
56,014,267
Totals	
5,232,957!
96,886,289
16,557,330|486,236,108
459,669,517|303,215,704
3,545,363,290
700,013,845
 STATISTICS                                                         A 29
Table VI.—Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Molybdenum,
and Iron Concentrates, 1858-1966—Continued
Year
Lead
Zinc
Molybdenum
Iron Concentrates
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
1858-90 -_-.
1891-1900—
1901	
1902	
1903	
Lb.
1,044,400
205,037,158
51,582,906
22,536,381
18,089,283
36,646,244
56,580,703
52,408,217
47,738,703
43,195,733
44,396,346
34,658,746
26,872,397
44,871,454
55,364,677
50,625,048
46,503,590
48,727,516
37,307,465
43,899,661
29,475,968
39,331,218
41,402,288
67,447,985
96,663,152
170,384,481
237,899,199
263,023,936
282,996,423
305,140,792
307,999,153
321,803,725
261,902,228
252,007,574
271,689,217
347,366,967
344,268,444
377,971,618
419,118,371
412,979,182
378,743,663
466,849,112
456,840,454
507,199,704
439,155,635
292,922,888
336,976,468
345,862,680
313,733,089
320,037,525
265,378,899
284,024,522
273,456,604
284,949,396
297,634,712
332,474,456
302,567,640
283,718,073
281,603,346
294,573,159
287,423,357
333,608,699
384,284,524
335,282,537
314,974,310
268,737,503
250,183,633
211,490,107
$
45,527
7,581,619
2,010,186
824,832
689,744
1,421,874
2,399,022
2,667,578
2,291,458
1,632,799
1,709,259
1,386,350
1,069,521
1,805,627
2,175,832
1,771,877
1,939,200
3,007,462
2,951,020
2,928,107
1,526,855
2,816,115
1,693,354
3,480,306
6,321,770
12,415,917
18,670,329
17,757,535
14,874,292
13,961,412
15,555,189
12,638,198
7,097,812
5,326,432
6,497,719
8,461,859
10,785,930
14,790,028
21,417,049
13,810,024
12,002,390
15,695,467
15,358,976
17,052,054
16,485,902
13,181,530
16,848,823
23,345,731
42,887,313
57,734,770
41,929,866
41,052,905
50,316,015
45,936,692
39,481,244
45,482,505
45,161,245
44,702,619
39,568,086
34,627,075
33,542,306
38,661,912
42,313,569
34,537,454
37,834,714
39,402,293
43,149,171
34,436,934
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Tons
29,869
13,029
5,746
10,017
2,290
$
70,879
45,602
20,111
35,060
8,015
	
	
1904
1905
139,200
17,100
46,100
99,296
400,000
192,473
129,092
316,139
324,421
346,125
1,460,524
4,043,985
3,166,259
2,899,040
3,540,429
3,077,979
1,952,065
2,777,322
3,278,903
4,266,741
7,754,450
10,586,610
8,996,135
9,984,613
9,268,792
9,017,005
5,160,911
4,621,641
6,291,416
7,584,199
7,940,860
8,439,373
14,274,245
9,172,822
8,544,375
10,643,026
12,548,031
13,208,636
13,446,018
11,956,725
18,984,581
21,420,484
28,412,593
37,654,211
38,181,214
43,769,392
67,164,754
59,189,656
40,810,618
34,805,755
52,048,909
58,934,801
50,206,681
43,234,839
44,169,198
50,656,726
45,370,891
51,356,376
53,069,163
58,648,561
48,666,933
47,666,540
	
	
1906	
1907
1,500
5,250
1908	
1909
8,500,000
4,184,192
2,634,544
5,358,280
6,758,768
7,866,467
12,982,440
37,168,980
41,848,513
41,772,916
56,737,651
47,208,268
49,419,372
57,146,548
58,344,462
79,130,970
98,257,099
142,876,947
145,225,443
181,763,147
172,096,841
250,479,310
202,071,702
192,120,091
195,963,751
249,152,403
256,239,446
254,581,393
291,192,278
298,497,295
278,409,102
312,020,671
367,869,579
387,236,469
336,150,455
278,063,373
294,791,635
274,269,956
253,006,168
270,310,195
288,225,368
290,344,227
337,511,324
372,871,717
382,300,862
334,124,560
429,198,565
443,853,004
449,276,797
432,002,790
402,342,850
403,399,319
387,951,190
413,430,817
402,863,154
400,796,562
311,249,250
305,124,440
1910	
1911
1912   .
1913
1914	
1915	
1916	
1,987
3,618
12,342
6,982
960
662
2,000
20,560
11,636
1,840
1917   .     .._
1918	
1,000
1,230
1,472
1,010
1,200
243
5,000
6,150
7,360
5,050
3,600
1,337
1919	
1920	
1921	
1922.
	
	
1923—
1924 -   ..
1925	
1926	
1927
1928
20
1929
1930
	
	
1931	
1932. .
	
1933
1934	
1935	
1936
	
1937   -
1938-
1939
1940
1941
1943
11944
1945
1946	
1947
1948	
1949
679
5,472
3,735
27,579
1950
1951
1952
113,535
900,481
991,248
535,746
610,930
369,955
357,342
630,271
849,248
1,160,355
1,335,068
1,793,847
2,060,241
2,002,562
2,165,403
2,151,804
790,000
5,474,924
6,763,105
3,733,891
3,228,756
2,190,847
2,200,637
4,193,442
6,363,848
10,292,847
12,082,540
18,326,911
20,746,424
20,419,487
21,498,581
20,778,934
1953
1954
1955   	
	
	
1956
1957	
1958
1959-
1960
5,414
9,500
1961.
1962
1963	
1964-    ..
28,245
7,289,125
17.306.343
47,063
12,405,344
28.071.594
1965     	
1966    	
Totala	
14,963,645,244
1,214,936,580
13,286,573,916
1,216,335,952
24,655,016|40,570,199
18,102,813|159,329,902
 A 30                 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Table VIIa.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and
Division
Period
Placer Gold
Lode
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Quantity
(Crude)
Value
1985
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
19S5
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1905
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
Oz.
$
$
10.021,157
6,745,495
52,895,256
27
4
38,047.111
3,183,162
6,603,381
51,589,011
$
$
121,359
174,161
1,849,827
2,584
6,038
318,047
704,250
1,619,973
9,290,353
45,085
56,498
244,345
306,940
304,305
5,962,977
188,553
381,964
2,310,016
97,789
156,704
1,113,191
672^347
1,040,519
12,652,592
548,605
641,364
4,076,330
317,196
143,010
2,487,872
2,988,741
3,561,079
45,954,941
104,101
427,106
4,225,491
8,348,601
8,398,108
103,554,332
5,650
Atlin                     	
1,617
139
19
735,628
556
622
2,608,551
33,253
4,188
556
17,383,670
16,186
17,163
54,110,602
9.398
20.325
4,420
3,755
287,550
10.171
243,069
848,377
69,449,859
55,437,725
1,934,088,805
2,108,259
1,716,665
58,659,417
5,243.049
6,395,783
149,196,412
8,623,408
14,861,590
41,531,086
162.427
1,054,050
1,865,100
10,465,571
798,331
753,113
7,859,767
20.531
468,450
469
11,268
5,074
3
115,662
75
2,323,897
27,595
604,785
6,528,308
16,217,699
16,796,035
124,830,723
5,249
4,577
98,849
68,904
68,786
1,034,300
127,459
118,368
485,859
98,995
50,000
1,215,256
124
6,522
2,086,810
1,641,589
140,370,245
14,021,578
19,692,301
134,740,273
18,436,152
16,505,791
302,832,939
3,442,889
3,930,536
26,700,284
11,407,337
17,660,303
91,203.159
9,955,286
22,715,732
65,741,041
1
50,184
1,248,151
836
92,752
25,356
1,919,660
866
19,300
3.585
88,988
31,285
593,573
	
	
234
24
4,784
340
10.050
2,000
701,278
697,057
56,279
6
1,499,180
151
15,860
6,182,148
240
5,466
51,140,485
5,562,437
1,769,337
48,083
7,582
164,477
11,237,458
1,084
1.540,453
45,507
878,204
120.195,258
3.502,546
5,643,654
227,952,343
10,215,872
9,275,129
229,889,537
8,630
758,086
84,509,837
2,087,792
5,339,748
232,508,144
18,558
3,136,964
677,686
4,603
105,569
1,229,400
9,100,257
35,294
86,049
1,258 375
366
9,397
95,609
250,614
851
24,260
2,411,333
11 n nr.a
182
5,306
6,610,513
80,887,375
151,006
271,748
3,374,405
7,283,938
10,330,132
149,211,707
1,208,988
6,330,910
22,392,573
664
198,535
2,732
72,885
3,978
60
 |	
992.729
140
628|           15,680
138|              4,113
58|              1,557
1,525,465|  17,260,670
13,921,485|        188,651
3,221,782|     1,540,000
12,795,099|     2,212,500
238,550,600|  41,985,885
Totals	
1965
1966
To date
866|          25,053
1,535|           44,632
5,232.9571  90,880,289
1
177,076,680|  20,409,649
208,712,1281   22,217,369
4,298,554,226|210,947,562
I
32,325,714
46,821,264
476,006,517
 statistics                                         a 31
Total to Date, by Mining Divisions—Summary
Fuels
Division
Total
Coal
Crude Oil
and Condensates
Natural Gas
Delivered to Pipe-line
Butane and
Propane
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Tons
$
Bbl.
$
M S.C.F.
$
Bbl.
$
$
10,142,516
6,919,656
54,787,734
6,799
6,598
55,769,153
3,908,018
8,244,272
115,279,216
45,085
56,498
1,498,218
77,116,129
63,526,483
2,210,644,307
3,095,143
2,851,742
68,840,468
5,340,838
6,552,487
152,749,162
9,295,830
15,902,109
61,376,536
60,867,966
71,711,710
363,177,603
2,409,255
1,814,532
144,876,626
17,428,533
23,491,257
482,886,702
18,667,712
17,051,265
307,633,277
11,890,485
12,378,644
132,063,445
11,472,987
17,794,522
103,000,085
10.713,683
23,821,646
76,514,157
460,860
699,356
58,482,733
32.819
48,083
12,942,388
110,534
279,687
143,782,700
4,180,232
6,236,225
238,387,685
10,251,166
9,361,178
231,157,309
104,239
1,008,700
86,945,430
9,701,632
15,573,670
320,011,338
151,006
272,412
3,049,803
7,283,998
11,323,001
163,337,523
5,974,883
21,340,066
320,189,734
290
1,100
 |	
 I	
913,778
823,350
57,274,532
6,305,280
5,919,353
259,058,504
15,087
59,765
14.449,968
17,652,316
74,533,933
29,340,643
36,667,308
142,062,722
138,814,144
161,264,334
940,603.683
14,493,255
17,339,587
88,667,933
836,766
835,288
4,955,321
267,764
267,292
1,585,701
99,433
699,521
31,085
15,496
74,324,004
349,310
169,091
301,137,888
	
2,929,584
5,900
11,975
463,172
11,080,836
59,000
107,775
3,075,928
1,122
5,008
4,617,442
19,553,725
36
116
950,763
850,821
139,724,702
6,713,590
6,196,219
595,272,391
14,449,908
17,652,316
74,533,933
29,340,643
36,667,308
142,062,722
138,814,144
161,264,334
940,603,683
14,493,255
17,339,587
88,667,933
836,766|    267,764
835,288     267,292
4,955,32l|l,585,701
1
280,052,348
338,265,799
5,909,983,341
 A 32
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
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22,427,270
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A 37
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129,186
3.453.264
5,079,542
16.338,997
322,894
269,331
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793,860
5,560
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3,310,051
66,641,604
41.215,613
58,401,152
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 A 38 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Table VIId.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total
Division
Period
Asbestos
Barite
Diatomite
Fluxes (Quartz
and Limestone)
Granules (Quartz,
Limestone, and
Granite)
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Atlin	
82
70
3,797
4,420
3,755
144,070
48
168
Clinton	
Tort Steele	
8
17,466
21,888
252,268
80
182,931
176,240
2,942,069
3,259
12,612
3,259
12,612
Greenwood	
1,790,502
1,540,319
Liard	
85,851
88,771
591,230
14,491,195
15,070,786
114,771,818
24,266
68,904
3,583
3,583
4,473
4,184
16,668
6,260
3,100
88,847
68,786
780,097
965,514
68,786
127,459
118,368
7,601
8,174
421,784
New Westminster..
98,995
50,000
1,215.256
Omineca	
31,700
23.899
158,500
112.174
18,300|    221,500
13,089|    187,513
757.46413.429.877
122,560|1,803,670
601,019
1,050,722
29,692
418,600
6
14
110
60
140
1,345
9,605
157,080
 I	
Totals	
19G5
1966
To date
85,851
88,771
591,230
14,491,195
15,070,786
114,771,818
17,466|    182,931
21,8881    176,240
252,276|2,942,149
I
82
70
3,797
4,420
3,755
144,070
59,231
23,913
3,940,052
240,076
112,314
7,008,563
29,033|    447,954
23,9561    424,667
271,00314,085,350
1
Other:   See notes on individual minerals listed alphabetically on pages A 16 to A 19.
i Arsenious oxide. 3 Fluorspar.
2 Bentonite. * Hydromagnesite.
5 Iron oxide and ochre.
6 Magnesium sulphate.
 STATISTICS A 39
to Date, by Mining Divisions—Industrial Minerals
Gypsum and
Gypsite
Jade
Mica
Sulphur
Other,
Value
Division
Total
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Tons
$
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Tons
$
$
$
9,3987
9,398
 |	
 |	
20,3256
20,325
4,420
3,755
10,013,800
143,012
 |	
30012
287,550
6,236
 |	
156,1914 6 10
162,427
87,473|  1,054,050
124,3401   1,865,100
652,527|10,149,773
1,054,050
1,865,100
112,878
207,858
206,026
1,694,387
298,824
602,788
576,873
4,903,810
16,8949
10,465,571
798,331
753,113
 |	
1,2765 11
7,859,767
 |	
783,5783
2,323,897
1,246,918
6,323,178
424,700
2,075
 I	
203,0556 10
6,528,308
2,000
8,493
10,493
4,129
3,140
225,592
2,000
8,648
10,648
5,249
4,577
93,720
91,364
66,461
493,999
1,724,504
1,716,601
10,048,257
16,217,699
16,796,035
124,830,723
5,249
4,577
 |
5,12911
98,849
68,904
68,786
1,034,300
127,459
118,368
55,9015
485,859
98,995
50,000
1,215,250
2,407|        10,050
 |
10,050
1,000
2,000
2,000
 |	
2,200
4,400
 |	
 |	
11,4601 8
2,4193
4,9863
302,9521 3 6
15,860
 |	
 |	
 |	
382,419
 |	
 |	
 |	
304,673
 |	
1,588,8001  25,938
 |	
5,562,437
2501             1,700
 |	
 |	
16,8582
18,558
      |
41,624|      178,678
9,036|       110,063
4,177f        40,322
646,949|  6,083,703
 |	
1,229,400
  1 ....
|
110,003
634,250|  10,815
 |	
97,3895
6,610,513
 |	
	
160,500|     3,978
       j
 |	
3,978
 |	
60
 |	
140
 |	
 I	
30,22611
188,651
 |	
154,000|   1,540,000
147,5001   2,212,500
4,139,808|41,985,885
1,540,000
 |	
2,212,500
 1	
41,985,885
207,858|      602,788
206,0261      576,873
7,129
11.633
9,249
13.225
 |	
341,8731 4,428,617
342,478|  5,834,523
5,974,907(68,446,296
1
2,419
4,986
1,710,932
20,409,649
 1	
22,217,369
3,057,713|11,543,798
1
238,285|108,768
I
12,822,050
185,818
210,947,562
7 Natro-alunite.
8 Perlite.
9 Phosphate rock.
16 Sodium carbonate.
ii Talc.
12 Volcanic ash.
 A 40                  MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Table VIIe.—Production, 1965 and 1966, and Total
Division
Period
Cement
Lime and
Limestone
Building-
stone
Rubble,
Riprap,
and
Crushed
Rock
Sand and
Gravel
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1965
1966
To date
1
$          |         $
 |	
$
$
15,635
19,389
234,511
$
105,724
154,772
1,615,316
2,584
6,038
218,461
650,769
1,432,024
7.940,672
45,085
49,726
235,967
176,798
237,393
4,322,353
168,472
356,274
2,100,252
91,789
139,836
724,661
486,789
814,942
6,128,193
488,264
590,447
3,928,407
236,620
69,502
1,804,360
399,030
932,545
4,491,889
77,526
346,056
3,175,966
4,449,744
4,315,711
43,773,761
5,650
134,219
559,935
428,982
828,428
5,046,413
75,689
349,732
1,522,505
28,506
42,805
1,184,634
94,525
215,187
2,461,769
256,164
539,872
5,470,658
28,109
86,049
1,023,698
90,458
246,203
2,068,889
2,226,365
2,721,765
33,015,360
114,427
265,376
2.837.219
 |	
 |	
   I	
1,108
98,478
53,481
182,939
1,293,294
	
7,500
	
	
 |	
6,772
8,378
130,142
66,912
1,508,892
 |	
 |	
     I
43,873
71,941
2,000
24,840
50,840
6,000
16,868
53,368
	
	
850
126,189
1,000
42,560
171,319
185,558
225,577
6,422,020
60,341
50,917
147,923
80,576
73,508
681,412
267,921
127,305
939,884
2,600
4,838
503,827
362,165
312,443
9,985,490
12,000
18,000
Nanaimo	
100
2,234,790
2,336,751
35,893,441
2,000
87,000
164,478
3,450,735
23,975
3,611
416,580
72,601
107,144
179,166
231,098
2,003,082
20,974
8,000
133,341
268,075
169,711
1,127,384
2,600
44,951
198,198
4,313
5,278
349,244
14,925
64,500
615,769
371,837
10,638
1,838,177
7,185
3,077
33,784
14,850
1,000
5,575
10,500
11,571
49,685
42,061
1,634,173
24,000
144,000
1,000
4,500
115,143
118,534
651
375
224,424
9,467
449,872
7,958,260
36,579
6,372
248.381
4,036
85,520
32,500
5,267,945
7,020,763
34,771,718
1,200
4,012,560
40.885
46,499
14,310
13,500
873,992
81,052
5,931,662
8,938,530
124,760,834
886|        813,053
2,5111         819,255
459,810|  16,748,804
63,151|     1,145,837
65,334      6,265,576
552.076J  11,866,982
10
55
315,498
505,018
1965 |  11,199,607
1966 |   15,959,293
To date  |159,543,052
I
2,482,451
2,696,011
41,105,787
118,975|   1,938,088|   12,686,959
215,043|   1,890,992|   21,959,733
9,080,211|35,945,215|164,267,124
1                       1
 STATISTICS
to Date, by Mining Divisions—Structural Materials
A 41
Brick
(Common)
Face,
Paving,
and
Sewer
Brick
Firebricks,
Blocks
Clays
Structural Tile
(Hollow
Blocks),
Roof Tile,
Floor
Tile
Drain Tile
and
Sewer
Pipe
Pottery
(Glazed
or Un-
glazed)
Other
Clay
Products
Unclassified
Material
Division
Total
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
121,359
174,161
 1	
1,849,827
2,584
318,047
704,250
1,619,973
9,290,353
45,085
56,498
5,010
27,052
1,193
184
4,651
15,807
 |	
 |	
244,345
306,940
 |	
304,305
5,962,977
7,800
 |	
8,118
18,081
 |	
188,553
 |	
31,735
2,310,016
97,789
 |	
156,704
1,113,191
672,347
114,361
 |	
6,922
1,040,519
72,379
12,652,592
548,605
641,364
4,076,330
317,196
143,010
2,487,872
2,988,741
3,561,079
1,104,295
38,939
35,758
45,954,941
104,101
427,106
19.110
2.864
4,225,491
27.662!    576.173
753,676
822,670
15,225,329
18,234
34,861
1,005,310
23,299
59,815
2,992,902
1,337,928
1,003,518
15,950,783
24,894
25,568
429,693
595,660
581,293
3,298,051
8,348,601
16,956
994,175
7,042,966
8,398,108
1,825,391
103,554,332
5,650
134,219
701,276
697,057
 |	
998,139
5,274
6,182,148
78,289
1,769,337
32,819
 1	
 |	
	
	
109,450
279,687
 |	
1,363
	
11,992
3 136,964
677,686
	
4,925
8,324
9,100,257
35,294
86,049
1,258,375
95,609
250,614
2,411,333
7,503,777
241,216|       580,778
 |	
12,724
23,362
88,304
80,887,375
151,006
 1	
271,748
131,467
6,202|            1,011
 |	
5
18,224
4,325
20
524,027
656,326
2,488,302
3.374,405
7,283,938
10,330,132
1 814 647
"n 5521       119930
1,050
705,821
1,072,340
136,504
149,211,707
 ...!   I.	
1,208,988
 |	
6,330,910
 I	
 I	
3,180,828
5,972,171
22,392,573
27,662
576,173|      753,676
994.1751        822.670
18,234
34,861
23,299|  1,337,928
59.8151   1.003.518
24,894
25,568
589,559
1,137,768
1,142,629
9,143,386
32,325,714
16,956
46,821,264
5,238,125
7,361,923
15,931,699
1,083,864
3,716,947
17,027,454
5,972,171
476,006,517
 A 42 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Table VIIIa.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal per Year to Date
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
1836-59-
1860	
1861	
1862	
1863	
1864	
1865	
1866	
1867	
1868	
1869	
1870	
1871	
1872	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878 _
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889 -
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894 _
1895	
1896 -
1897	
1898	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905 _.
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
41,871
15,956
15,427
20,292
23,906
32,068
36,757
28,129
34,988
49,286
40,098
33,424
55,458
55,458
55,459
91,334
123,362
155,895
172,540
191,348
270,257
299,708
255,760
315,997
238,895
441,358
409,468
365,832
462,964
548,017
649,411
759,518
,152,590
925,495
095,690
134,509
,052,412
,002,268
999,372
.263,272
.435,314
781,000
894,544
838,621
624,742
887,981
044,931
,126,965
,485,961
,362,514
688,672
314,749
541,698
,211,907
,713,535
$149,548
56,988
55,096
72,472
85,380
115,528
131,276
100,460
124,956
176,020
143,208
119,372
164,612
164,612
164,612
244,641
330,435
417,576
462,156
522,538
723,903
802,785
685,171
846,417
639,897
1,182,210
1,096,788
979,908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,824,687
2,693,961
2,734,522
3,582,595
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
5,511,861
5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
11,108,335
8,071,747
10,786,812
9,197,460
1914.
1915..
1916-
1917-
1918.
1919-
1920..
1921„
1922-
1923 _	
1924	
1925	
1926	
1927	
1928	
1929	
1930	
1931	
1932	
1933	
1934	
1935	
1936	
1937-	
1938	
1939 	
1940	
1941 	
1942	
1943	
1944.	
1945 —
1946 	
1947	
1948......	
1949	
1950	
1951- 	
1952 	
1953 	
1954	
1955	
1956 	
1957 	
1958	
1959 	
1960	
1961	
1962	
1963	
1964 	
1965—	
1966 —
,237,042
1,076,601
'.,583,469
,436,101
:,575,275
1,433,540
'.,852,535
1,670,314
,726,793
,636,740
,,027,843
,541,212
,406,094
,553,416
,680,608
,375,060
,994,493
,765,471
,614,629
,377,177
,430,042
,278,380
,352,301
,446,243
,388,507
,561,084
,662,027
,844,745
,996,000
,854,749
,931,950
,523,021
,439,092
,696,350
,604,480
,621,268
574,006
,573,572
,402,313
384,138
,308,284
,332,874
,417,209
,085,657
796,413
690,011
788,658
919,142
825,339
850,541
911,326
950,763
850,821
$7,745,847
7,114,178
8,900,675
8,484,343
12,833,994
11,975,671
13,450,169
12,836,013
12,880,060
12,678,548
9,911,935
12,168,905
11,650,180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256,260
9,435,650
7,684,155
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
5,048,864
5,722,502
6,139,920
5,565,069
6,280,956
7,088,265
7,660,000
8,237,172
7,742,030
8,217,966
6,454,360
6,732,470
8,680,440
9,765,395
10,549,924
10,119,303
10,169,617
9,729,739
9,528,279
9,154,544
8,986,501
9,346,518
7,340,339
5,937,860
5,472,064
5,242,223
6,802,134
6,133,986
6,237,997
6,327,678
6,713,590
6,196,219
Totals.
139,724,702     $595,272,391
i Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mine output and includes material lost in picking and washing.
1910 and subsequent years the quantity is that sold and used.
For
 STATISTICS A 43
Table VIIIb.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal Sold and Used2
Mining Division and Period
Total Sales
Used under
Company
Boilers
Used in
Making
Coke
Total Sold and Used
Cariboo—
Total to 1950	
Total to date.
Fort Steele—
Total to 1950	
1951-60	
1961  	
1962 .	
1963 	
1964	
1965 	
1966	
Total to date_
Kamloops—
Total to 1950	
Total to date
Liard—
Total to 1950	
1951-60  	
1961 	
1962 	
1963	
1964 _. 	
Total to date
Nanaimo—
Total to 1950	
1951-60	
1961	
1962 	
1963	
1964	
1965	
1966	
Total to date
Nicola—
Total to 1950	
1951-60- 	
1961	
1962 _ _
1963  	
Total to date
Omineca—
Total to 1950	
1951-60 	
1961	
1962 	
1963	
1964 	
1965	
1966  	
Total to date
Osoyoos—
Total to 1950	
Total to date.
Similkameen—
Total to 1950	
1951-60 	
1961	
Total to date
Skeena—
Total to 1950 _	
Total to date
Provincial totals—
Total to 1950	
1951-60 	
1961	
1962	
1963 -	
1964  —
1965	
1966  	
Total to date
Tons
257
Tons
33
Tons
Tons
290
1,100
257    I
33
290    I
1,100
31,287,472
7,014,784
619,828
532,289
557,939
639,265
692,535
580,279
2,006,789
145,624
14,698
10,788
17,089
17,452
15,314
15,988
9,704,778
2,195,744
200,190
191,454
191,879
189,342
205,929
227,083
42,999,039
9,356,152
834,716
734,531
766,907
846,059
913,778
823,350
41,924,391     I    2,243,742
13,106,399
14,348
739
14,348    I
739
58,417
36,083
2,062
1,389
1,146
50
266
20
99,147    I
286
67,181
1,951
76
83
76.
58.
31.
15.
,037
,075
,009
,534
,728
382
.085
496
4,280,602
11,071
558,985
69.473,346    I    4,291,673    I
558,985
2,731.
9.
340
016
159
125
60
I
188,884
2,740,700    I       188,884
214.
202.
5.
5.
5.
6
5.
11.
126
931
850
760
.700
.835
900
975
4,095
459,077
4,095
  	
1
1,122 ]	
1,122 1       . I 	
4,055,080
349,235
212,781
346
4,268,207
349,235
36
36 |         1
105,543,235
9,426,670
704,254
623,097
641,573
704,532
729,520
607,750
118.980,631
6,830,643
156,715
14,698
10,788
17,089
17,452
15,314
15,988
7,078,687
10,263,763
2,195,744
200,190
191,454
191,879
189,342
205,929
227,083
13,665,384
166,468,348
58,606,978
5,979,805
5,255,540
5,454,401
5,668,799
6,305,280
5,919,353
57,274,532 | 259,658,504
15,087
59,765
15,087
59,765
58,683
325,395
36,103
333,461
2,062
17,000
1,389
12,501
1.146
10,414
50
750
99.433 [
699,521
72,020,624
278,647,173
1,962,146
19,134,499
76,009
736,814
83,534
801,294
76.728
711,085
58,382
588,622
31,085
349,310
15,496
169,091
74,324,004 I 301,137,!
2,920,224
9,016
159
125
60
10,985,359
91,725
1,717
1,375
660
2,929,584 | 11,080,836
218,221
202,931
5,850
5,760
5,700
6,835
5,900
11,975
1,034,134
1,616,775
64,024
63,276
61,437
69,507
59,000
107,775
463,172
3,075,928
1,122
5,008
1,122
5,008
4,404,315
212,781
346
18,426,725
1,124,226
2.774
4,617,442
19,553,725
36
116
36
116
122,637,641
11,779,129
919,142
825.339
850,541
911,326
950,763
850,821
139,724,702
475,953,123
80,907,664
6,802,134
6,133,986
6,237.997
6,327,678
6,713,590
6,196,219
595,272,391
1 For differences between gross mine output and coal cold refer to table " Production and Distribution by
Collieries and by Districts " in section headed " Coal " or " Coal-mining " in this and preceding Annual Reports.
2 The totals " sold and used " include " all coal sales," " coal used under company boilers," " coal used in
making coke."
 A 44
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
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S
 STATISTICS
A 45
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1966
Dividends Paid during 1965 and 1966
Aetna Investment Corporation Ltd.  (formerly Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.) 	
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd.	
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd. 	
Brynnor Mines Ltd. 	
Cassiar Asbestos Corporation Ltd. 	
Cominco Ltd.	
Craigmont Mines Ltd. 	
Crows Nest Industries Ltd. 	
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd.	
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd.
Others 	
1965
$151,240
1,562,500
646,050
6,220,000
2,748,750
30,036,524
3,807,956
583,865
140,429
584,500
3,310
1966
$151,360
2,086,200
80,872
2,000,000
2,865,000
30,036,000
3,807,956
587,156
175,409
584,500
10,810
Totals   $46,485,124      $42,385,263
Dividends Paid Yearly, 1917 to 1966, Inclusive
Year
1917 .
1918 .
1919
1920 .
1921 .
1922 .
1923 .
1924 .
1925 .
1926 .
1927 .
1928 .
1929 .
1930 .
1931 .
1932 .
1933 .
Amount Paid
$3,269,494
2,704,469
2,494,283
1,870,296
736,629
3,174,756
2,983,570
2,977,276
5,853,419
8,011,137
8,816,681
9,572,536
11,263,118
10,543,500
4,650,857
2,786,958
2,471,735
Year Amount Paid
1934        $4,745,905
7,386,070
10,513,705
15,085,293
12,068,875
11,865,698
1940        14,595,530
1935
1936
1937 .
1938 .
1939
1941
1942 .
1943 .
1944.
1945 .
16,598,110
13,627,104
11,860,159
11,367,732
10,487,395
1946 .... 15,566,047
1947  _      27,940,213
1948         37,672,319
1949  _       33,651,096
1950 __      34,399,330
Year
1951 .
1952 .
1953 .
1954 .
Amount Paid
     $40,921,238
      32,603,956
 „     22,323,089
      25,368,262
1955 _      35,071,583
1956
1957
1958
1959 .
1960 .
36,262,682
24,247,420
14,996,123
16,444,281
20,595,943
1961    20,720,239
1962  24,394,297
1963  _ - 30,213,090
1964 _  39,511,808
1965 _  46,485,124
1966 _ _  42,385,263
Total ___. $846,155,693
Dividends Paid by Category, 1897-1966
Metals   $843,005,433
Industrial minerals        20,233,750
Coal       37,732,834
Miscellaneous          7,809,883
Total
$908,781,900
The Annual Report since 1936 has contained tables listing dividends paid by
all British Columbia mining companies, listed by category. This practice has had
merit, inasmuch as it has provided a historical summary not readily available elsewhere. However, it has become of doubtful value because many mining companies
have diverse sources of income, not all directly related to mining or not all in
British Columbia. The amounts of current dividends are readily ascertained elsewhere.
The dividend table will be discontinued in the future, and the gross amount
paid per year will be mentioned in the review section of the Annual Report. The
1965 Report was the last to contain details of present and past dividends paid.
 A 46
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1966
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for
Operations of All Classes
Class
Salaries and
Wages
Fuel and
Electricity
Process
Supplies
$59,092,687
17,597,100
3,012
2,851,367
3,488,095
4,426,041
5,951,226
$8,212,449
$23,692,229
Coal     ..     -   -	
208,214
16,365
Petroleum and natural gas (exploration and production)	
1,143,572
2,719,242
1,792,580
2,619,005
Totals, 1966	
$93,409,528
74,938,736
63,624,559
57,939,294
55,522,171
50,887,275
52,694,818
49,961,996
48,933,560
56,409,056
57,266,026
51,890,246
48,702,746
55,543,490
62,256,631
52,607,171
42,738,035
41,023,786
38,813,506
32,160,338
26,190,200
22,620,975
23,131,874
26,051,467
26,913,160
26,050,491
23,391,330
22,357,035
22,765,711
21,349,690
17,887,619
16,753,367
$12,283,477
11,504,343
10,205,861
10,546,806
9,505,559
8,907,034
7,834,728
7,677,321
8,080,989
8,937,567
9,762,777
9,144,034
7,128,669
8,668,099
8,557,845
7,283,051
6,775,998
7,206,637
6,139,470
5,319,470
5,427,458
7,239,726
5,788,671
7,432,585
7,066,109
3,776,747
3,474,721
3,266,000
3,396,106
3,066,311
2,724,144
2,619,639
$28,120,179
30,590,631
27,629,953
12,923,325
14,024,799
17,787,127
21,496,912
17,371,638
15,053,036
24,257,177
22,036,839
21,131,572
19,654,724
20,979,411
27,024,500
Totals, 1965    - -	
1964                                  	
1963	
1962	
1961	
1960   	
1959	
1958                         	
1957                           	
1956 - -	
1955    	
1954  -	
1953        -	
1952	
1951   	
24,724,101
17,500,663
17,884,408
11,532,121
13,068,948
8,367,705
5,756,628
6,138,084
6,572,317
6,863,398
7,260,441
6,962,162
6,714,347
6,544,500
6,845,330
4,434,501
4,552,730
1950 	
1949                         	
1948	
1947... _	
1946	
1945      	
1944	
1943	
1942 	
1941	
1940	
1939            	
1938   	
1937                    - - _
1936	
1935	
Note.—This table has changed somewhat through the years, so that the items are not everywhere directly
comparable. Prior to 1962 lode-mining referred only to gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc. Prior to 1964 some
expenditures for fuel and electricity were included with process supplies. Process supplies (except fuel) were
broadened in 1964 to include " process, operating, maintenance, and repair supplies . . . used in the mine/mill
operations; that is, explosives, chemicals, drill steel, bits, lubricants, electrical, etc. . . . not charged to Fixed
Assets Account . . . provisions and supplies sold in any company operated cafeteria or commissary." Exploration and development other than in the field of petroleum and natural gas is given, starting in 1966.
 STATISTICS A 47
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry, 1901-66
Lode Metals
Coal Mines
Structural
Materials
73,2
tn't-"
D
H oTB
owQ
" oi •a
Year
Mines
1 B
3    a.
2 %
o
c
u
u
a
o
U
U3
U
s
o
H
0
D
o
o
<
(2
II
E
<u            >
•u          o
D        <
O
H
1901
I
2,730|1,212
2,219|1,120
1,662 1,088
2,14311,103
2,470|1,240
2,680|1,303
2.704|1,239
2 56711  127
3,948
3,345
2,750
3,306
3,710
3,983
3,943
3,694
3,254
3,709
3,594
3,830
4,278
4,174
4,144
5,393
5,488
4,390
4,259
3,679
2,330
2,749
3,018
4,033
5,138
7,610
8,283
8,835
8,892
7,605
6,035
4,833
6,088
8,046
7,915
8,197
9,616
10,192
10,138
10,019
9,821
8,939
7,819
7,551
7,339
7,220
9,083
10,582
10,724
10,832
12,831
13,730
11,006
9,412
9,512
9,846
9,006
7,434
7,324
7,423
7,111
8,228
8.204
8,681
9,051
10,864
3,041
3,101
3,137
3,278
3,127
3,415
2,862
4,432
4,713
5,903
5,212
5,275
4,950
4,267
3,708
3,694
3,760
3,058
4,145
4,191
4,722
4,712
4,342
3,894
3,828
3,757
3", 046
3,814
3,675
3,389
2.957
933
910
1,127
1,175
1,280
1,390
907
1,041
1,705
1,855
1,661
1,855
1,721
1,465
1,283
1,366
1.410
3,974
4,011
4,264
4,453
4,407
4,805
3,769
6,073
6,418
7,758
6,873
7,130
6,671
5,732
4,991
5,000
5.170
7,922
1902
7,356
1903
7,014
1904
7,759
1905
8,117
1906 ....
8,788
1907	
7,712
1908
9,767
1909
2,184
2,472
2,435
2,472
2,773
2,741
2,709
3 357
1,070
1,237
1,159
1,364
1,505
1,433
1,435
9,672
1910
	
11,467
1911
10,467
1912
10,906
1913	
10,949
1914 .
9,906
1915	
9,135
1916	
2.036
10,453
1917	
3 29012.198
10,658
1918	
2,626
2,513
2,074
1,355
1,510
2,102
2,353
1,704
	
1.76915.427
9,617
1919	
1,740
1,605
975
1,239
1,516
1,680
1,821
2,158
2,163
1,932
1,807
1,524
1,615
1,565
1,579
1,520
1,353
1,256
1.125
5,960
0,349
6,885
6,644
6,149
5,418
5,443
5,322
5,225
5,334
5,028
4,645
4,082
3 608
10,225
1920	
10,028
1921	
9,215
1922	
9,393
1923	
9,767
9,451
1924	
1925	
2,298
2,840
10,581
1920	
299
415
SBK
808
854
911
966
832
581
542
531
631
907
720
1,108
919
996
1,048
1,025
960
891
849
822
672
960
1,126
2,461
2,842
2,748
2,948
3.197
3,157
2,030
2,430
2,890
2,771
2,678
3,027
3,158
3,187
2,944
3,072
3,555
2,835
2,981
2,834
2,813
3.401
3,884
493
647
412
492
843
460
536
376
377
536
931
724
900
652
827
760
842
073
690
921
827
977
1,591
2,120
1,910
1,783
1,530
1,909
1,801
1,646
1,598
1,705
1,483
1,357
1,704
1,828
1,523
909
1.293
1,079
1,269
324
138
368
544
344
526
329
268
187
270
288
327
295
311
334
413
378
320
351
335
555
585
050
542
616
628
557
559
638
641
770
625
677
484
557
508
481
460
444
422
393
124
122
120
268
170
380
344
408
300
754
825
938
369
561
647
422
262
567
628
586
679
869
754
620
660
491
529
034
584
722
854
474
446
459
589
571
517
528
509
639
582
14,172
14,830
15,424
15 505
1927	
2,671|1,916
2.70712.469
1928	
1929	
S4112.92612.052
1930	
425
688
874
1,134
1,122
1,291
1,124
1,371
1,303
1,252
1,004
939
489
2 31611 .260
14,032
1931	
1,463
1,355
1,786
2,790
2,740
2,959
3,003
3,849
3,905
3,923
3,901
2.920
834
900
1,335
1,729
1,497
1,840
1,818
2,200
2,050
2,104
1,823
1.504
1932	
2.6281    ORO
10,524
1933	
2,241     85313,094
2,050|    843|2,S93
2,145|    82G|2,971
2,015     799(2,814
2.2861    86713.153
1934	
12 985
1935	
13,737
1930	
1937	
16,129
16,021
15,890
1938	
2,088
2,167
2,175
2,229
1,892
2,240
2,150
1,927
1,773
1,694
1,594
1,761
1,745
1,402
1,280
1,154
1,076
1,100
968
1.020
874
809
699
494
468
611
689
503
532
731
872
545
510
463
401
390
358
2,962
2,976
2,874
2,723
2,360
2,851
2,839
2,430
2,305
2,426
2,466
2,306
2,261
1,926
1,081
1,550
1.434
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
1943	
21212.39411.099
12,448
12,314
11 820
1944	
255
209
347
300
348
303
1,890
1,933
1,918
3,024
3,143
3.034
1,825
1,750
1,817
2,238
2,429
2.724
1945	
1946	
11,933
1947	
1948	
1949	
1950	
32713,39912,415
205[3,785|3,095
23014,171|3,923
132|3,145|2,580
199J2,644|2,520
103|2,564|2,553
1.25913.759
10,012
1951	
1,307
1,510
1,371
1,129
1,091
1,043
838
625
4,044
4,120
3,901
3,119
3,304
3,339
3,328
3 0R1
1952	
1953...
15,790
1954	
1955	
378|1,478
398 1,366
36611   386
1950	
105|2,637|2,827
67|2,393|2,447
7511.91911,809
9911.93711.701
	
14,539
1957	
	
1958	
	
	
826|    260|1,086
765I    29111.956
11,201
1959	
018|3,008
648|3,034
62613,118
049|3,356
85013,239
82213,281
965|3,529
1.01413.654
1960	
80
74
35
43
5
2
2
1,78211,959
1,785|1,582
1.67711.97T,
	
894
705
548
501
446
405
288
237
228
247
267
244
1,182
942
776
748
713
649
614
1961	
	
11,034
1962	
270
1963	
1,713|2,012|    450
1,839 1,967    772
1,752|2,019|    786
2.00612.29611.89a
10,952
1964	
11 645
1965	
1966	
441
478
12,283
14,202
Note.—These figures refer only to company employees and do not include the many employees of contracting firms.
 A 48 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Operations' Employment during 19661
Name of Mine or Operator
(Producing Mines)
Days
Operating
Mine       Mill
Tons
Mined
Milled
Average Number
Employed
Mine
Mill
Bethlehem   Copper   Corporation   Ltd.
Floods Mining and Aggregate Co.)	
Bluebell (Cominco Ltd.) 	
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd	
(including
Britannia (The Anaconda Co. (Canada) Ltd.) 	
Brynnor Mines Ltd. (Boss Mountain Div.) 	
Brynnor Mines Ltd. (Kennedy Lake Div.)	
Canadian Exploration Ltd. (Jersey) 	
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd  	
Coast Copper Co. Ltd 	
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd   	
Craigmont Mines Ltd—
Empire Development Co. Ltd  	
Endako Mines Ltd. (including Pooley Bros. Ltd.)_
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd. (Pride of Emory)— _
Giant Soo Mines Ltd. (Estella)	
Granby Mining Co. Ltd. (Phoenix)	
Granisle Copper Ltd    	
H.B. (Cominco Ltd.)    _	
Jedway Iron Ore Ltd	
Johnsby Mines Ltd...
London Pride Silver Mines Ltd. (Cork Province)-
Mastodon-Highland Bell Mines Ltd..
Mineral King (Aetna Investment Corporation Ltd.)..
Minoca Mines Ltd. (Yreka) 	
Mt. Washington Milling Co. Ltd	
Orecan Mines Ltd. (Iron Mike) 	
Red Mountain Mines Ltd 	
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd—
Silbak Premier Mines Ltd 	
Sullivan (Cominco Ltd.)	
Texada Mines Ltd. _
Zeballos Iron Mines Ltd— 	
365
356
261
350
365
170
365
365
365
255
254
300
365
247
153
250
45
304
363
155
119
244
365
353
127
253
208
350
132
254
365
305
365
348
208
250
365
170
365
365
365
255
253
102
365
247
153
365
45
304
363
119
119
251
365
353
322
253
194
350
344
254
365
274
2,572,803
246,390
116,722
505,777
433,832
347,739
422,882
28,877
282,832
107,680
1,374,098
161,084
9,085,076
327,164
11,141
667,922
232,855
388,902
863,298
5,928
5,035
26,394
114,737
83,205
172,502
186,000
74,394
395,921
8,716
2,135,669
1,243,890
365,576
3,027,281
246,390
105,813
503,685
433,832
369,747
417,440
28,877
282,832
107,680
1,359,432
161,084
5,561,000
327,164
11,141
700,743
205,630
388,902
889,281
7,133
5,035
24,138
114,737
73,960
179,502
184,108
74,094
395,921
14,189
2,135,669
1,315,858
365,576
129
151
211
400
178
124
196
103
183
56
283
55
199
149
18
101
8
92
114
10
23
41
80
50
28
26
8
116
7
726
227
104
69
11
13
35
25
11
15
9
11
49
140
4
200
20
10
30
10
14
19
3
7
10
9
11
50
14
15
16
8
135
42
3
1 The average number employed includes wage-earners and salaried employees.   The average is obtained by
adding the monthly figures and dividing by 12, irrespective of the number of months worked.
 STATISTICS
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Iron concentrates, 323,302 tons..
Bullion	
Molybdenite concentrates, 3,069
tons containing 3,534,893 lb.
of molybdenum
Lead concentrates, 710 tons;
zinc concentrates, 1,885 tons
Lead concentrates, 120,247 tons;
zinc concentrates, 142,533
tons; tin concentrates, 364
tons containing 710,752 lb.
of tin; iron sinter, 163,950
tons
Lead concentrates, 2,438 tons;
zinc concentrates, 6,686 tons
Crude ore  	
Lead concentrates, 2,879 tons;
zinc concentrates,  521  tons;
jig concentrates, 195 tons
Copper   concentrates,   17,154
tons
Ore
Shipped
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Aetna Investment Corporation
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 Departmental Work
RETIREMENTS
Patrick Joseph Mulcahy retired as Deputy Minister on October 31, 1966,
after serving more than 47 years with the Government. Mr. Mulcahy was born on
January 7, 1901, in Esquimalt, where he attended public and high schools.
He entered Government service as a clerk in the Attorney-General's Department
in May, 1919, and was transferred in May, 1923, to the Department of Mines.
He became departmental accountant in 1927 and in October, 1942, was appointed
Chief Gold Commissioner. In 1952 he assumed as well the duties of Chief Commissioner, Petroleum and Natural Gas. He was appointed Deputy Minister in
October, 1958. He is an associate member of the Canadian Institute of Mining
and Metallurgy.   He is married and has a son and daughter.
Hartley Sargent, who retired as Chief of the Mineralogical Branch on November 30, 1966, was born in Pendennis, Man., on November 18, 1901. He received
his early schooling in Victoria and graduated from the Provincial Normal School
as a teacher in 1923. He taught school in the East Kootenay for two years before
furthering his education. He received a B.A. and a B.A.Sc. (Mining Engineering)
from the University of British Columbia, an M.Sc. (Mining Engineering) from
Toronto University, and a Ph.D. (Geology) from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prior to joining the Department in July, 1935, as Resident Engineer at
Nelson, he worked in the Slocan for the Victoria Syndicate, as manager of the
Island Lake Gold Mines Ltd., Man., and as field engineer for Col. H. H. Yuill in
the Bridge River area and Arizona. In 1938, he was transferred to the Vancouver
office as Resident Engineer. Upon the retirement of P. B. Freeland in April, 1943,
he succeeded him as Chief Mining Engineer at Victoria. This title was later changed
to Chief, Mineralogical Branch. He is a member of the Canadian Institute of
Mining and Metallurgy and served on the Institute Council for the period 1944-46.
He is a member of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers
and the Association of Professional Engineers of British Columbia, serving on the
latter council from 1946-49. He was president of the Victoria Branch of the
United Nations Association in Canada for 1962-64. He is married and has two
sons.
William H. Player retired as lapidary on October 31, 1966, after serving
26 years with the Department of Mines. He was born in London, England, on
October 31, 1901. He joined the Royal Navy in the First World War and served
with the Grand Fleet in the North Sea and the Gulf of Finland. After his discharge
from the Royal Navy in 1923, he came to Canada. During the Second World War
he served with the Fifth British Columbia Coast Brigade. He joined the Analytical
and Assay Branch in April, 1940, as crusherman, and in November, 1946, was
transferred to the Mineralogical Branch as lapidary. Mr. Player is married with
four sons.
A 53
 A 54 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
ADMINISTRATION BRANCH
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the Provincial laws regarding the acquisition of rights to mineral and to coal, petroleum,
and natural gas, and deals with other departments of the Provincial service for the
Department or for any branch.
Upon retirement of P. J. Mulcahy, K. B. Blakey was appointed to the position
of Deputy Minister. R. H. McCrimmon was appointed as Chief Gold Commissioner, and R. E. Moss was appointed Chief Commissioner, Petroleum and Natural
Gas. E. J. Bowles and W. Ross were appointed to the positions of Deputy Chief
Gold Commissioner and Deputy Chief Commissioner, Petroleum and Natural Gas,
respectively, effective November 1, 1966.
Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-Mining Recorders, whose
duties are laid down in the Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act, administer these
Acts and other Acts relating to mining. Mining Recorders, in addition to their own
functions, may also exercise the powers conferred upon Gold Commissioners with
regard to mineral claims within the mining division for which they have been
appointed. Similar duties may be performed by Mining Recorders with regard to
placer claims but not in respect of placer-mining leases. Recording of location and
of work upon a mineral claim as required by the Mineral Act and upon a placer
claim or a placer-mining lease as required by the Placer-mining Act must be made
at the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the claim
or lease is located. Information concerning claims and leases and concerning the
ownership and standing of claims and leases in any mining division may be obtained
from the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situated
or from the Department's offices at Victoria, and Room 320, 890 West Pender
Street, Vancouver. Officials in the offices of the Gold Commissioner at Victoria
and the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver act as Sub-Mining Recorders for all mining divisions. Sub-Mining Recorders, who act as forwarding agents, are appointed
at various places throughout the Province. They are authorized to accept documents and fees, and forward them to the office of the Mining Recorder for the
correct mining division. Officials and their offices in various parts of the Province
are listed in the table on page A 55.
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)
Transcripts of all recordings in Mining Recorders' offices throughout the Province are sent to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner in Victoria twice each
month, and include the names of lessees of reverted surveyed mineral claims.
These records and maps showing the approximate positions of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases may be consulted by the public during office
hours at Victoria and at the office of the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver, Room
320, 890 West Pender Street. The approximate position of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases are plotted from details supplied by locators.
During 1966, 18 investigations were carried out pursuant to section 80 of the
Mineral Act. Seven investigations were with regard to certificates of work being
wrongfully or improperly obtained, which resulted in 54 certificates of work being
cancelled. Eleven investigations were with regard to mineral claims having been
located or recorded otherwise than in accordance with the Mineral Act, which
resulted in 573 mineral claims being cancelled.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 55
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province
Mining Division
Location of Office
Gold Commissioner                   Mining Recorder
Alberni   	
Atlin   .
T. G. O'Neill
T. G. O'Neill.
Atlin
D. P. Lancaster-	
F. E. P. Hughes.  	
R. H. Archibald 	
B. J. H. Ryley 	
W. G. MundelL   .-	
R. Macgregor 	
F. J. Sell 	
E. J. Bowles   .	
J. A. Baker.  .
E. B. Offin_   	
G. L. Brodie	
D. P. Lancaster.
Cariboo
Clinton	
Fort Steele    .
Quesnel  	
Clinton	
F. E. P. Hughes.
R. H. Archibald.
B. J. H. Ryley.
Golden	
Golden 	
W. G. Mundell.
R. Macgregor.
Kamloops _	
Liard  	
Lillooet...  	
Nanaimo — - 	
Kamloops..... 	
Victoria  	
Lillooet	
Nanaimo 	
Nelson  	
F. J. Sell.
E. A. H. Mitchell (Deputy).
J. A. Baker.
E. B. Offin.
G. L. Brodie.
J. F. McDonald...	
T. S. Dobson- 	
G. H. Beley    .
T. S. Dalby	
D. V. Drew 	
B. Kennelly  	
T. H. W. Harding	
T. P. McKinnon 	
E. W. Pedersen.
Nicola
Omineca	
Osoyoos 	
Merritt	
Smithers 	
Penticton	
T. S. Dobson.
G. H. Beley.
T. S. Dalby.
D. V. Drew.
Princeton     	
Prince Rupert 	
Kaslo	
Rossland..	
Vancouver  	
Vernon  .
B. Kennelly.
Skeena.....	
T. H. W. Harding.
T. P. McKinnon.
W. L. Draper	
J. Egdell  	
W. T. McGruder. 	
E. J. Bowles	
W. L. Draper.
Vancouver  	
Mrs. S. Jeannotte (Deputy).
W. T. McGruder.
E. A. H. Mitchell (Deputy).
 A 56
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
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 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 57
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the
Petroleum and Natural Gas Act and for the Coal Act. Information concerning
applications for permits and leases issued under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act
and concerning the ownership and standing of them may be obtained upon application to the office of the Chief Commissioner, Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Similar information may be obtained respecting licences
and leases issued under the Coal Act. Maps showing the locations of permits and
leases under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act are available, and copies may be
obtained upon application to the office of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Monthly reports listing additions and revisions to permit-
location maps and listing changes in title to permits, licences, and leases, and related
matters are available from the office of the Chief Commissioner upon application
and payment of the required fee.
Information concerning the ownership and standing of coal licences and coal
leases may be obtained upon application to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner, Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, Victoria, B.C. Maps showing location of coal licences and coal leases are also available upon application and
payment of the required fee.
Coal Revenue, 1966
Licences—
Fees   $2,350.00
Rental      4,076.32
       $6,426.32
Leases—
Fees    	
Rental  '.     	
Cash in lieu     	
Miscellaneous (purchase coal rights)      	
$6,426.32
As at December 31, 1966, 41,214,803 acres, or approximately 64,398 square
miles, of Crown petroleum and natural-gas rights, issued under the Petroleum and
Natural Gas Act, were held in good standing by operators ranging in stature from
small independent companies to major international ones. The form of title held,
total number issued, and acreage in each case were as follows:—
Form of Title Number Acreage
Permits       392 29,716,610
Natural-gas licences          3 27,815
Drilling reservations         35 503,603
Leases (all types)   3,890 10,966,775
Total     41,214,803
 A 58
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Petroleum and Natural-gas Revenue, 1966
Rentals and fees-
Permits 	
  $1,661,591
        113,496
  1,466
Petroleum,  natural-gas,  and petroleum
and natural-gas leases     8,432,386
Drilling reservations
Natural-gas licences .
Total rentals and fees
Disposal of Crown reserves—
Permits 	
$10,208,939
  $6,982,439
Drilling reservations      4,657,510
Leases      4,199,528
Total Crown reserve disposals     15,839,477
Royalties—
Gas   $2,256,725
Oil      5,449,663
Processed products  61,568
Total royalties        7,767,956
Miscellaneous fees  18,073
Total petroleum and natural-gas revenues   $33,834,445
ANALYTICAL AND ASSAY BRANCH
Rock Samples
A reasonable number of samples are assayed without charge for a prospector
who makes application for free assays and who satisfies the Chief Analyst that
prospecting is his principal occupation during the summer months. A form for use
in applying for free assays may be obtained from the office of any Mining Recorder.
During 1966 the chemical laboratory in Victoria issued reports on 2,871
samples from prospectors and Departmental engineers. A laboratory examination
of a prospector's sample generally consists of the following: (1) A spectrographic
analysis to determine if any base metals are present in interesting percentages;
(2) assays for precious metals and for base metals shown by the spectographic
analysis to be present in interesting percentages. The degree of radioactivity is
measured on all samples submitted by prospectors and Departmental engineers;
these radiometric assays are not listed in the table below.
The laboratory reports were distributed in the following manner among prospectors who were not grantees, prospectors who were grantees under the Prospectors' Grub-stake Act, and Departmental engineers:—
Samples
Spectrographic
Analyses
Assays
Prospectors (not grantees)..
Prospectors (grantees)	
Departmental engineers	
Totals 	
2,435
205
231
2,871
2,432
205
70
2,707
6,329
533
857
7,719
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 59
An additional 146 spectrographic analyses were done for Departmental engineers, but the results were not reported.
Samples submitted to the laboratory for identification are examined by the
Mineralogical Branch of the Department. During the year 106 such samples were
examined.
Petroleum and Natural-gas Samples
Reports were issued on 50 samples. Of this number, 17 were samples of formation waters from wells being drilled for gas and oil in the Province, two were
crude-oil samples, and five were suspected oil seeps. The remaining 47 samples
were drill cores which were spectrographed for lead and zinc, and assays for the
same two metals were conducted on eight of the samples. In this category 45
spectrographic analyses and 245 assays were reported.
Coal Samples
Reports were issued on 45 samples of coal submitted by the Purchasing Commission for proximate anlaysis and calorific value.
Miscellaneous Samples
Reports were issued on 573 samples of a miscellaneous nature. One thousand
and thirty-three assays and 41 spectrographic analyses were reported in this category.
An additional 42 spectrographic analyses were not reported.
For the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, for the Inspection
Branch, two coal samples were analysed; for the Petroleum and Natural Gas
Branch, a rock sample was spectrographed.
For the Department of Highways, Materials Testing Branch, 60 water samples
were analysed; 18 water samples were examined for the presence of rhodamine-B
and fluorescein; 13 samples of a miscellaneous nature were spectrographed; chloride was determined in three samples of clay; calcium and sodium were determined
in material from a slide; and two ore samples were assayed for precious and base
metals. For the Superintendent of Aircraft Maintenance of the same Department,
a spectrographic analysis was conducted on a sample of salt which had formed on
the wings of a plane.
For the Water Resources Service, Ground Water Division, the resistivity of
three samples of drilling mud was determined, spectrographic analyses were performed on both the soluble and insoluble solids of seven water samples, and chemical analyses were made on the same samples. For the Comptroller of Water Rights,
an analysis was made of a water sample, the dissolved salts of which were
spectrographed.
For the Department of Labour, one ore sample was assayed and spectrographed.
For the Department of Agriculture, one sample of soil was examined by
spectrograph for the presence of arsenic.
For the Minister of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce, gold and
silver assays were performed on 29 samples, four of which were assayed for platinum
in addition, and seven of which were spectrographed.
For the Typewriter Shop of the Parliament Buildings, sulphur was determined
in a sample of gear-box oil.
For the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, three gold alloys were spectrographed, one sample of sand was assayed for gold and silver and examined by
spectrograph as well, 20 samples of pulped rock material were assayed for gold
and platinum.
 A 60 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
For the City of Victoria, for Smoke Inspection, determination was made of
the weight of residues collected in 357 bottles of water placed in various locations
in the city.
For a citizen of the Province, material from a suspected oil seep was examined.
For a private mining company, platinum assays were conducted on seven
samples of pulped material.
For the Outdoor Club of Victoria, two samples of water were analysed.
For a professor on the staff of the University of British Columbia, gold, silver,
and platinum assays were performed on three samples of fine material.
X-ray Powder Diffraction Analyses
Eighty-nine analyses of this type were performed for identification purposes.
Examination for Assayers
The Provincial Government examinations for certificates of efficiency were
held in May and December. As a result of the May examination, one candidate
passed, four candidates were granted supplemental, and five failed the examination.
In the December examination, eight candidates were examined, of whom six passed
and two failed.
INSPECTION BRANCH
Organization and Staff
Inspectors and Resident Engineers
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector Victoria
Robert B. Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines Victoria
L. Wardman, Senior Electrical Inspector of Mines Victoria
E. R. Hughes, Senior Inspector of Mines Victoria
W. C. Robinson, Inspector and Resident Engineer .Victoria
R. J. Craig, Senior Inspector of Mines, Silicosis Control Vancouver
S. Elias, Inspector, Silicosis Control Vancouver
J. E. Merrett, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
A. R. C. lames, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
D. R. Morgan, Inspector and Resident Engineer Cranbrook
David Smith, Inspector and Resident Engineer Kamloops
T. M. Waterland, Inspector and Resident Engineer Kamloops
Harry Bapty, Inspector and Resident Engineer Prince Rupert
P. E. Olson, Inspector and Resident Engineer Nelson
W. G. Clarke, Inspector and Resident Engineer Prince George
The Inspectors are stationed at the places listed and inspect coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their respective districts. They also examine prospects, mining properties, and roads and trails. The Silicosis Control Inspectors
make dust and ventilation surveys at all mines and quarries. E. R. Hughes supervises the Department's roads and trails programme and prospectors' grub-stakes.
W. C. Robinson inspects mineral claims and carries out special investigations under
the Mineral Act.
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations
Arthur Williams Fernie Station
W. H. Childress Nanaimo Station
T. H. Robertson Kamloops Station
G. J. Lee Nelson Station
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 61
Staff Changes
T. M. Waterland was appointed to the Kamloops district in June, 1966, to
administer the northern part of this area. W. C. Robinson was transferred from
Kamloops to Victoria.
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman and Secretary Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member .Vancouver
D. R. Morgan, Member Cranbrook
R. B. Bonar, A. R. C. James, D. R. Morgan, and the mine-rescue instructors
for the district in which an examination is being held form the Board for granting
certificates of competency to coal-miners.
An Inspector is empowered to grant provisional certificates to coal-miners for
a period not exceeding 60 days between regular examinations.
Board of Examiners for Shiftbosses (Metalliferous Mines)
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member Vancouver
J. E. Merrett, Member .Vancouver
The Board conducts written examinations in various mining centres for applicants for underground shiftboss certificates. The Board is also empowered to grant
provisional certificates without examination and under such conditions as the Board
considers necessary.
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH
Field work by officers of the Mineralogical Branch includes geological mapping, detailed geological mapping and examinations of mineral deposits, and studies
related to engineering geology. The results are published partly in the Annual
Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources and partly in a series of
bulletins. The Mineralogical Branch supplies information regarding mineral deposits and the mineral industry, in response to inquiries received in great number.
The activities of the Branch also include identification of rock and mineral specimens submitted directly by prospectors and others, or through the Analytical
Branch.
Professional Staff
On December 31, 1966, the professional staff included the following geologists,
all stationed at Victoria:—
M. S. Hedley Chief of the Branch
Stuart S. Holland Senior Geologist
J. W. McCammon Geologist
N. D. McKechnie Geologist
G. E. P. Eastwood Geologist
James T. Fyles Geologist
A. Sutherland Brown Geologist
J. M. Carr Geologist
W. G. Jeffery Geologist
A. F. Shepherd Geologist
E. W. Grove Geologist
N. C. Carter (on leave of absence from October, 1966) Geologist
R. V. Kirkham (on leave of absence from November, 1966) Geologist
 A 62 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
All are Registered Professional Engineers or are applying for registration.
Most hold the Ph.D. degree.
A total of nine field assistants was employed on the various projects undertaken in 1966.
Hartley Sargent retired at the end of November, after 23 years as Chief of the
Branch. He was succeeded by M. S. Hedley, whose position as Senior Geologist
was then filled by Stuart S. Holland.
R. V. Kirkham, a field assistant of several years, was appointed to the staff.
He was granted leave of absence in November to continue postgraduate studies at
the University of Wisconsin.
N. C. Carter, in October, was granted leave of absence to continue postgraduate
studies at the University of British Columbia.
Technical editing of the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources and of other publications was directed by M. S. Hedley. Copy for printing was prepared by and under the direction of Mrs. Rosalyn J. Moir. Messrs.
Hedley and Holland assisted in directing and supervising field work. Most of the
other members of the professional staff are assigned to mapping the geology of
selected areas and of mineral deposits. Mr. McCammon is responsible for studies
of industrial minerals and structural materials, and Mr. Shepherd for records and
library.
Field Work, 1966 Season
A. Sutherland Brown, with one assistant, examined mining properties and
mineral showings between Williams Lake, Omineca River, and Terrace, concentrating on seven copper and molybdenum properties currently under exploration.
At the same time he investigated the presence of mercury halos at each of these
properties.
N. C. Carter, with one assistant, carried out regional mapping and detailed
investigations around several disseminated copper prospects north of Babine Lake.
A month was spent in the vicinity of Alice Arm examining properties under active
development.   Most were molybdenum deposits.
J. M. Carr spent most of the summer season finalizing for publication the
results of field work carried out in past seasons in the Highland Valley area. A
period of five weeks was spent examining properties in the Highland Valley and
Brenda Lake areas and at Pemberton. These were all copper and molybdenum
deposits.
G. E. P. Eastwood, with one assistant, spent most of the season making a
detailed examination of molybdenum deposits on Red Mountain, near Rossland.
This work was centred on the Coxey and Giant Crown-granted claims. About two
weeks were spent examining certain rocks near Harrison Lake suspected of containing nickel. This was an extension of past work at the Giant Nickel mine, near
Hope.
James T. Fyles, with one assistant, spent most of the field season in structural
mapping on Mount Copeland, west of Revelstoke, and in examining lead-zinc
mineralization there. This completed the work begun in 1965. The remainder of
the season was spent examining mining properties and showings in Revelstoke,
Lardeau, and Golden-Windermere areas.
E. W. Grove, with three junior assistants and the senior assistance of R. V.
Kirkham and N. E. Haimila, mapped a region north of Stewart, chiefly in the Bowser
River, Treaty Creek, and south Unuk River areas. This was a helicopter-assisted
undertaking in otherwise inaccessible country.   It was in part an extension of the
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 63
past two seasons' work and in part a checking and updating of older mapping done
north of the Granduc mine.
Stuart S. Holland examined properties south of Smithers, studied Devonian
limestone on the Alaska Highway, and performed a number of Departmental duties
such as rock collection and investigation of activities in various parts of northern
British Columbia.
W. G. Jeffery, with one assistant, examined properties and showings in the
general Stikine River region. Fifteen separate mineral showings were examined
on or near Iskut River, Scud River-Galore Creek, Barrington River, Schaft Creek,
Dease Lake, and upper Stikine River.
R. V. Kirkham, both before and after the work north of Stewart, visited
Hudson Bay Mountain at Smithers and continued studies carried out there during
the two preceding years, chiefly at and in the vicinity of the large molybdenum
deposit at Glacier Gulch.
J. W. McCammon spent part of the field season performing Departmental
duties and in starting compilations for eventual publication. Visits were paid and
examinations made of limestones in Port Renfrew-Lake Cowichan area; stone
quarries in the southern Okanagan; deposits of talc, gypsum, barite, fluorspar,
diatomite, and pozzolan in various parts of the Province; and shale plants on
Saturna and Saltspring Islands.
N. D. McKechnie examined 45 properties in various parts of southern British
Columbia from Vancouver Island to Nelson.
Air-borne Magnetometer Mapping
The project of air-borne magnetometer mapping, jointly financed by the Geological Survey of Canada and the British Columbia Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources, continued in 1966. The contractor, Spartan Air Services
Ltd., did the field work covering 35 map sheets mostly in 92p and parts of 82l, m;
92i, o; and 93a, b lying between latitudes 51 degrees and 52 degrees 30 minutes
north.
No aeromagnetic maps based on the above work were published in 1966.
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS BRANCH
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is responsible for the administration
of the Regulations Governing the Drilling of Wells and the Production and Conservation of Oil and Natural Gas, and the Regulations Establishing Gas-Oil Ratio
Adjustment Factors, Oil Production Allowables, Overproduction and Underproduction, made pursuant to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.
The former provides for the use of efficient and safe practices in the drilling,
completion, and abandonment of wells; for the orderly development of fields discovered within the Province; and for the conservation and prevention of waste of
oil and natural gas within the reservoir and during production operations.
The regulation concerning gas-oil ratio factors, production allowables, and
overproduction and underproduction provides for conservation of reservoir energy
by limiting the volume of oil that can be produced during any day, month, or year
from a well or pool in accordance with the schedule of gas-oil ratio adjustment
factors. The factors, which are applied against oil production, are applicable when
the average volume of gas produced with each barrel of oil exceeds a specified level,
and when applied result in reduction of the producing rate. Overproduction and
underproduction are adjusted on a monthly basis.
 A 64 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
Every well location must be approved by the Branch before the well is drilled.
All operations related to drilling and production are inspected frequently to ensure
compliance with the provision of all regulations, including such features as facilities and practices used, adequate plugging of abandoned wells, surface restoration
of well-sites, well testing and measurement procedures employed, disposal of produced water, protection of installations against fire, and general conservation.
Investigations are made of complaints of property damage resulting from
drilling and producing operations, and from geophysical work programmes.
Comprehensive records of all drilling and producing operations are maintained
at Victoria and are made available for study, or are published, for the use and
benefit of anyone interested in oil or gas development in British Columbia. Samples
of bit cuttings, as well as all core, obtained from every well drilled in the Province,
are collected and retained at the field office located at Charlie Lake, where they may
be studied by interested persons. Charlie Lake is adjacent to the Alaska Highway
about 5 miles northwest of Fort St. John.
Detailed reservoir engineering and geological studies are conducted on the
basis of technical information submitted to the Branch from operating companies,
as well as information acquired through field work by Branch personnel. Estimates
of the reserves of oil and natural gas are made twice a year, at the end of June and
December. Crown-owned oil and natural-gas rights are evaluated prior to being
disposed of by public tender.
Administration
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is subdivided for administrative purposes into three sections. These sections and their supervisors are as follows: Reservoir Engineering, R. R. McLeod; Development Engineering, W. L. Ingram; and
Geology, S. S. Cosburn.
The field office at Charlie Lake, which includes the core and sample laboratory,
is supervised by the District Engineer, G. E. Blue.
Staff
Headquarters, Victoria
J. D. Lineham Chief of Branch
R. R. McLeod Deputy Chief of Branch and Senior Reservoir Engineer
K. C. Gilbart Reservoir Engineer
G. V. Rehwald Reservoir Engineer
P. K. Huus Reservoir Technician
W. L. Ingram Senior Development Engineer
M. B. Hamersley Development Assistant
J. F. Tomczak Statistician
S. S. Cosburn Senior Petroleum Geologist
J. E. Hughes Petroleum Geologist
D. L. Griffin Petroleum Geologist
H. B. Fulton Petroleum Geologist
D. M. Callan (until September 30th) . Petroleum Geologist
The headquarters staff includes also two geological draughtsmen, one clerk-
stenographer, three clerks, and three clerk-typists.
Field Office, Charlie Lake
G. E. Blue . District Engineer
D. L. Johnson   Field Engineer
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 65
M. A. Churchill (until July 31st) Field Technician
D. A. Selby Field Technician
G. T. Mohler Field Technician
W. B. Holland Field Technician
The field-office staff includes also three core and sample laboratory assistants,
one clerk-stenographer, and one clerk.
Staff Changes
D. M. Callan, petroleum geologist, resigned effective September 30th.
M. A. Churchill, field technician, resigned effective July 31st.
W. B. Holland, field technician, a graduate of the British Columbia Institute of
Technology, joined the staff on June 20th.
Board of Arbitration
Chairman: A. W. Hobbs, solicitor, Department of the Attorney-General.
Members: R. R. McLeod, engineer, Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources;
S. G. Preston, agrologist, Department of Agriculture.
The Board of Arbitration is responsible to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, and is established under the authority of the Petroleum and Natural Gas
Act. The Board grants right of entry by oil and gas companies upon alienated land
and determines conditions of entry and compensation therefor. It also terminates
the right of entry when the company has ceased to use the land.
The Board held no hearings in 1966 but made seven orders for immediate
right of entry with respect to which it may be necessary to fix compensation at some
future time in the event of the parties concerned failing to dispose of the matters by
agreement; also, amendments were made to three orders that were made in 1965.
Conservation Committee
Chairman: K. B. Blakey, Deputy Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Mr. Blakey was appointed Chairman on October 27th following the retirement of
P. J. Mulcahy.
Members: N. D. McKechnie, geologist, Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources; M. H. A. Glover, economist, Department of Industrial Development,
Trade, and Commerce.
The Conservation Committee is responsible to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources and was established originally on October 11, 1957, under the
authority of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.   Its duties are as follows:—
(1) To act as an advisory committee to the Minister on such questions of conservation that the Minister, in writing, shall refer to the Committee for
consideration and recommendation.
(2) To deal with such questions of conservation and production in the various
fields of British Columbia as may arise between two or more operators in
the same field or between operators and the Branch when appeals on such
questions are made to the Minister and referred by him to the Committee.
The Conservation Committee did not meet in 1966.
GRUB-STAKING PROSPECTORS
Under authority of the Prospectors' Grub-stake Act the Department has provided grub-stakes each year since 1943 to a limited number of applicants able to
qualify.   The normal maximum grub-stake is $300, with an additional amount up
3
 A 66 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
to $200 for travelling expenses. A limited number of experienced prospectors of
proven ability may be granted top priority grub-stakes of as much as $400, plus
a maximum of $300 for travelling expenses, where prospecting is to be done in
approved areas where air transportation is necessary. Items such as guns, fishing-
gear, stoves, boats, and outboard motors are not a legitimate charge against the grant
and must be provided by the applicant. Costly items such as geophysical survey
equipment, mineralights, Geiger counters, berylometers, packsack diamond drills,
two-way radios, horses, and packsaddles are not expendable in any one season and
cannot be accepted at full cost against the grant, but a reasonable rental charge may
be considered.
To qualify at the present time, the Department requires that the applicant shall
be a bona fide prospector holding a free miner's certificate. He must be a British
subject, between the ages of 18 and 70 years, and must have resided in British
Columbia during the year preceding the date of application. He must be able to
identify common rocks and minerals. He should have bush experience and be
physically and mentally fit. He must agree to abide by the regulations which the
Department may make. The grub-staked prospector is provided with maps, a
current list of prices of metals and ores, and information on prospecting and
related matters.
It is required that in order to obtain the maximum grub-stake, he agree to spend
at least 60 days actually prospecting in the area of his choice in British Columbia
considered favourably by officers of the Department. If he prospects a lesser time,
the grant will be reduced proportionately. The grub-stakes are not intended for
week-end prospecting or for short trips from a home base. The grant is usually
made in two payments; the first at the beginning of the season, and the second after
he has completed 60 days in the field and has submitted a diary. In the past, rebates
have been recovered from grantees to whom payments have exceeded the proper
amount for the time and effort devoted to prospecting. A field engineer is employed,
who contacts as many prospectors as he is able during the field season and gives
advice and direction to those who need it. Grantees are permitted a reasonable
number of free assays.
The grub-stakes are granted with the object of maintaining the search for
mineral occurrences with mine-making possibilities. The grants are not intended
for the purpose of exploring and developing occurrences already found, but one year
is allowed to prospect ground that has been staked by a grantee while on the grubstake. No interest is retained by the Government in any discovery made by a
grantee, other than that which applies in common with all free miners. Time is not
allowed for prospecting on old properties which have had work done on them, unless
mineral deposits of present economic importance have been discovered on them for
the first time. Grub-stakes are not given for prospecting for placer deposits or gem-
stones. The grantee must not accept pay from other sources for services rendered
during the period credited to the grub-stake.
It is recognized that competent and experienced prospectors are capable of
looking after themselves in wilderness areas. Nevertheless, experience has shown
that less hazard may result when prospecting is done by two or three men in a team.
A man working alone may be injured or be taken seriously ill and, if alone, he may
have to endure extreme hardship and pain.
Grub-stake grantees are not working for the Government but are self-employed
and are not covered under the provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act.
Therefore, it is recommended that prospectors make their own arrangements concerning insurance coverage to provide for medical and other expenditures that may
be incurred in the event of an accident.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 67
The grants are intended only to assist grantees to go out and prospect and are
not intended for the support of dependents. Therefore, applicants who are married
and have dependents are required to give assurance that their dependents will be
adequately provided for during the time the applicant is absent in the field.
Statistical information covering the grub-stake programme since its inception
is given in the following table:—
Grub-stake Statistics
Field Season
Approximate
Expenditure
Men
Grub-staked
Samples and
Specimens
Received at
Department
Laboratory
Mineral
Claims
Recorded
1943 	
$18,500
27,215
27,310
35,200
36,230
35,975
31,175
26,800
19,385
19,083
17,850
19,989
21,169
20,270
22,000
24,850
21,575
28,115
29,175
26,730
29,000
31,751
24,717
26,787
90
105
84
95
91
92
98
78
63
50
41
48
47
47
46
47
38
50
47
52
50
53
42
43
773
606
448
419
469
443
567
226
255
251
201
336
288
163
174
287
195
358
309
233
150
213
241
224
87
1944
135
1945  	
1946      -     -   -
181
162
1947
1948 -.	
1949    ....  	
1950      - -	
142
138
103
95
1951   ,„	
1QS?
137
95
1953..   .-   -
141
1954	
1955    	
1956  -     -
123
183
217
1957  .	
101
1958    -	
1959	
211
202
1960    -
1961  .    	
241
325
1962  	
189
1963    	
1964         	
843
351
1965-.   	
1966    	
219
239
Samples and specimens received from grub-staked prospectors are spectrographed, assayed, and tested for radioactivity. Mineralogical identifications are
made on request.
Fifty-five applications were received in 1966, and 43 grub-stakes were authorized. Two grantees were unable to go out, and their initial payments were returned.
Grantees who were unable to complete the terms and conditions of the grant received
only partial payment. Twenty prospectors were given grants for the first time. Four
grantees proved to be unsatisfactory. Several grantees used aircraft for transportation to their prospecting areas. One grantee was taken ill and was unable to continue
prospecting.
D. H. Rae interviewed applicants in Vancouver and contacted 23 grantees in
the field and gave advice and direction to those who needed it. The following notes
comprise Mr. Rae's summaries of the prospecting activities and results and are based
on observations made by him in the field and from information contained in the
diaries of the grantees.
Alberni Mining Division.—A considerable amount of work was done in the
Pachena River area not far from Bamfield. Crushed and faulted outcrops of diorite
and monzonite were common in the river valley. These contained some pyritized
quartz and calcite stringers which contained small amounts of molybdenum and
copper.
 A 68 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
The upper Klanawa River area is underlain by diorite; near Black Lake outcrops of diorite showing minor alteration and brecciation were found. No mineral
finds were reported.
Atlin Mining Division.—A base camp was established close to Shini Lake.
Shale and other iron-stained sedimentary rocks were seen in Goldrun Creek; at
Shini Lake, diorite and sedimentary rocks were found; in Shini Creek valley a
gossan area was investigated; and nearby a considerable amount of malachite float
was found. Further prospecting showed up iron-stained limestone, sandstone containing quartz stringers, a wide mineralized zone which returned fair assays in copper, and a narrow quartz-galena vein which assayed moderately well in silver and
copper. At Parton River, more iron-stained limestone and some shale were encountered.   The whole area warrants further prospecting.
In the Goat Creek valley some short fibre asbestos was found, and a small
gossan was prospected without success. Up Blanchard River, the principal rocks
exposed appear to be micaceous and gneissic. Pyrite was evident in quartz stringers.
A base camp was established on Kelsall Lake, and a considerable amount of argillite
contact was prospected. Some brown-stained granite rocks, and gneiss and argillite
exposures were encountered.   Nothing of economic importance was found.
Cariboo Mining Division.—Small amount of work was done along the Fraser
River about 14 miles south of Prince George, where a porphyry dyke with a minor
amount of visible gold was reported.   Some pyritized andesite was also prospected.
From a base camp near the West Road River about 40 miles southwest of
Prince George, a large area was carefully investigated. Rock outcrops are scarce
except in main river canyons, creek beds, and a few open ravines. Volcanics, shales,
and slate are common, some partly serpentinized rocks were observed, and a few
thin beds of lignite were seen.
The Euchiniko River exposes some volcanics, vesicular lava, shale, and limestone; a few granite and granodiorite outcrops were examined. In general the area
is a poor one to prospect and the results were discouraging. In the Stone Creek
valley, quartz stringers were observed, and some outcrops of micaceous granite were
examined.
Clinton Mining Division.—Some inconclusive work was done near Pavilion
Lake on numerous limestone outcrops and in an area underlain by basalt near
Maiden Creek. Some geochemical testing was done on streams entering Chilco
Lake.
Greenwood Mining Division.—Along the Kettle River, narrow quartz veins
were examined, near Bruer Creek small amounts of molybdenite were reported, and
at Lynch Creek some mica-bearing intrusive rocks were investigated. Near Baldy
Mountain an area underlain by coarse granite received some attention; pegmatite
dykes, limestone, gneiss, and sericite schist are present in the same area.
In the Conkle Lake area the underlying rocks are mainly sedimentary with
smaller amounts of volcanic rocks. An exposure of iron oxide was examined near
Red Ochre Creek. The following brief information was included in the same
report: On Seal Creek, syenite and porphyry are present; on Texas Creek, a limestone belt showing minor amounts of pyrrhotite was prospected; on Day Creek,
limestone and porphyry occur; on McRae Creek there is minor molybdenite mineralization in greenstone; on Iron Creek some galena float was picked up, old workings in a fairly strong mineral zone were examined, and a wide exposure of limestone
was examined. Near Sheep Lake and Blueberry Creek, exposures of granite are
very common.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 69
Liard Mining Division.—South of the Alaska Highway near Mile 380 some
unsuccessful prospecting was done in an area which showed many sedimentary rock
exposures.
East of Cartmel Lake, outcrops of basalt, lava, and sedimentary rocks were
encountered. A short time was spent prospecting northeast of the north end of
Dease Lake. At Quartz Creek, north of Dease Lake, a brown-stained micaceous
rock outcrop was examined and sampled; assay returns were very low.
Lillooet Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done from a base camp at
Gold Bridge and the following information was recorded: Serpentine, schist, argillite, limestone, peridotite, chert, and granite exposures were noted over an appreciable length of Noel Creek valley and large boulders of jade were also found; on Hog
Creek, chert, talcose schist, and diorite are exposed; on Hurley River, quartz, schist,
and diorite occur; on Piebiter Creek (a tributary of Cadwallader Creek), scheelite
float, granite, skarn, basalt, breccia with some sulphides, and a dunite dyke showing
some copper sulphides were found; on tributaries of Tyaughton Creek, cinnabar
float, quartz float, and some volcanic rocks were found. Apart from the jade
boulders there were no discoveries of economic interest in these areas.
Nanaimo Mining Division.—Prospecting was carried on about 30 miles up the
Salmon River valley and near the headwaters of Gold River. Some chalcopyrite
both in place and as float was found in an area underlain by quartzite and volcanics.
Chalcopyrite float was also found near both Tyee Mountain and Chetwood Lake
but its source was not located. At Horseshoe Mountain favourable geology was
encountered. Several samples assayed contained good values in copper, but no
mineral occurrence of economic importance was found.
Nelson Mining Division.—A considerable amount of work was done in the
Cultus Creek-Laib Creek area on the west side of Kootenay Lake above Tye. Fair
copper-silver assays were obtained from samples taken from mineralized zones in
both shale and quartzite; minor copper mineralization in oxidized limestone was
found 8 miles up Cultus Creek, and nearby a limestone-granite contact showed a
considerable amount of oxidation and minor sulphide mineralization. Between
Hughes and Laib Creeks, the underlying quartzite contains numerous quartz stringers, and a small pegmatite dyke in argillite was prospected. In the Midge Creek
valley, minor amounts of galena were found in altered limestone.
Across Kootenay Lake from Boswell, an unsuccessful attempt was made to
locate the source of galena float found near the shore of the lake. At Wilkinson
Creek, outcrops of serpentine and granite showing pyritized stringers of quartz were
prospected, and at Dale Creek numerous outcrops of serpentine were reported. The
following information was submitted by two prospectors who covered an extensive
area on the west side of Kootenay Lake. They report the occurrence of pegmatite
dykes in Blazed and Toby Creek basins; of quartzite, granodiorite, and pegmatite
dykes containing some tourmaline in Topaz Creek valleys; of a considerable amount
of mica and much coarse quartz near Jersey Creek; of granite hosting pegmatite
dykes of varying widths, some placer gold, narrow quartz stringers in fine-grained
diorite showing minor amounts of galena and some copper stain, and some rock
outcrops carrying garnet crystals at Shaw Creek; and of interesting mineralized float
in Cultus and Pass Creeks.   Nothing of economic interest was reported.
Some inconclusive work was done in the Lost Creek valley, and up Beaver
Creek a narrow quartz vein containing small amounts of copper and molybdenite
was prospected.
A considerable amount of work was done in the Boundary Creek area. At
Monk Creek, pyritized schist was reported, and a fine-grained dyke containing small
 A 70 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
amounts of galena and pyrite was investigated. In the North Star Creek valley a
few barren-looking quartz veins were investigated, and at the headwaters of Priest
River outcrops of conglomerate and some float showing small amounts of molybdenite were found.
New Westminster Mining Division.—A small amount of prospecting was done
in the Harrison Lake area, and the following information was submitted: Small
amounts of molybdenite in rhyolite and a dark-coloured dyke showing small amounts
of pyrite and chalcopyrite were found on Bear Mountain. Some work was done
near Hicks and Deer Lakes and up Mahood Creek, but nothing important was found.
In the Ruby Creek valley some ultrabasic rocks are exposed, as well as serpentine
and volcanics.
Omineca Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done on a small gossan at
the south end of Manson Lakes. At the headwaters of Gaffney Creek, outcrops of
altered, pyritized limestone were investigated. Near Mount Gillis a granite-argillite
contact was found, and an attempt was made to locate the source of quartzite float
showing copper mineralization. At Burden Lake (east of Wolverine Range) a
limestone-pegmatite contact was investigated. West of Germansen Lake a rock
exposure showing numerous small quartz veinlets received some attention.
A considerable amount of prospecting was done from a base camp established
about 60 miles north of Finlay Forks. In the Police-Chowika Creeks area, pyritized
garnet schist and limestone snowing minor copper mineralization were reported. In
the Davis River valley, limestone and schist were the most prominent rocks; up
Rubyred Creek minor copper mineralization was noted; in Deserters Canyon, limestone and schist were exposed, and in the Tom Creek valley the limestone contains
quartz and calcite stringers showing minor copper mineralization. In the Ingenika
River valley, pegmatite dykes, limestone, and schist were reported. No showings of
economic interest were found in these areas.
A base camp was established at a high elevation near the Lorraine mine on
Mount Cronin, northeast of Smithers. Snow and weather conditions interfered with
prospecting. Rock exposures are mainly rhyolite and breccia, and quartz veins and
stringers are common. Some of the quartz veins are mineralized wtih varying
amounts of pyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, and sphalerite; some good assays were
obtained.   Near Mount Hyland the area is underlain by altered sedimentary rocks.
A considerable amount of prospecting was done in the Vanderhoof area, and
the following information was submitted: Outcrops of granite, volcanics, argillite,
andesite, limestone, and chert in the Copley Lake area were examined; diorite and
volcanics outcrop at Tetachuck Lake; various types of sedimentary rocks, andesite,
volcanics, and oxidized pyritized quartzite were noted in the Redfern Creek valley;
north of Nulki Hills prospecting was done along a fault zone and in outcrops of
grey granite, gneiss, and diorite. A short distance north of the east end of Fraser
Lake, volcanic rocks containing barren quartz veins were examined, and at Tahultzu
Lake, outcrops of Topley granite and diorite were seen. No interesting mineral
showings were found.
A considerable amount of prospecting was done from a base camp established
on Oppy Lake, just south of Eutsuk Lake. Rock outcrops are numerous, and the
area appears to be underlain by reddish-coloured syenite, monzonite, quartz-diorite,
and considerable rhyolite containing quartz and pyrite. Quartz veins and masses
in the rhyolite show fair amounts of malachite and chalcopyrite. Some interesting
assays were obtained from samples taken from these zones. The area merits further
work.
Osoyoos Mining Division.—Some work was done in the Apex Mountain-Dividend Mountain area in a section where there is a considerable amount of heavy
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 71
sulphide mineralization over a large area. Near Allendale Lake, 15 miles east of
Okanagan Falls, in an area underlain by a coarse granodiorite (at times syenitic),
a considerable amount of copper mineralization was found, both bornite and malachite.   The area warrants further investigation.
Revelstoke Mining Division.—In the Willis Lake area a few outcrops of mica
schist and gneiss, fine-grained pegmatite, and pyritized limestone were observed. In
the Craigellachie Creek valley, light-coloured pegmatite dykes were found, and some
prospecting was done along a major fault zone. At Gorge Creek nothing of interest
was reported; at Crazy Creek an iron-stained schistose rock containing some pyrrho-
tite was investigated.
Similkameen Mining Division.—Some work was done west of Princeton, and
the following information was submitted: Some sulphide mineralization occurs
along a major fault zone, close to a granite contact in the Three Brothers Mountain-
Copper Creek area. Iron sulphides in Nicola andesite were found along Lost Chain
and McNulty Creeks. Chalcopyrite and copper carbonates in Nicola schists and
pyrite and pyrrhotite in andesite occur on Sunday Creek. Southeast of Mount
Thynne there is a considerable amount of iron and copper sulphides.
Skeena Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done northwest of the centre
of Kitsumkallum Lake.
Slocan Mining Division.—Some work was done 8 miles west of Edgewood
on a small occurrence of molybdenite in granite.  Work is continuing on this showing.
In the Bjerkness Creek valley, on the flanks of True Blue Mountain, the underlying rocks are schist containing quartz stringers and minor amounts of serpentine
showing specks of magnetite. Some small stringers of short fibre asbestos and diorite
dykes were investigated. In Campbell Creek outcrops of pegmatite dykes and mica
schist were reported.
Vancouver Mining Division.—Up Matsiu Creek, flowing into Knight Inlet,
granodiorite and limestone were encountered, but heavy timber and thick undergrowth impeded prospecting. At Walsh Cove (Redonda Island), pink granite outcrops were examined. Some inconclusive work was done at Butterfly Bay, on
Thurlow Island.
In the Powell River area, in Appleton River valley, prospecting was done along
a granite contact where mineralization of magnetite, chalcopyrite, and pyrite occurs.
Vernon Mining Division.—In Monashee Pass some granitic outcrops were investigated. At Camels Hump, east of Lumby, the underlying rock is limestone,
argillite, and gneiss. Some work was done near Echo Lake, and in Bonneau Creek
valley. Near Creighton Creek, outcrops of granite, gneiss, volcanics, and andesite
were observed. Near Mount Aberdeen much overburden was encountered, and
outcrops of lava were reported. At Bluenose Mountain, volcanics and gneissic
granites were seen. At Duteau Creek, gneiss containing narrow pyritized quartz
veins was prospected, and similar veins were investigated at Vidler Creek. Nothing
of economic interest was reported from any of these areas.
Victoria Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done in the Port Renfrew
area and the following information was submitted: Granodiorite with inclusions of
lens-shaped bodies of basalt showing mineralization of pyrite along the contact was
found in the Hemmingsen Creek valley. In one small creek in the area no rock
outcrops were found except in the canyons where basalt was common. Diorite is
exposed and limestone float containing some arsenopyrite was picked up near Gar-
nett Creek. Near the headwaters of this creek some magnetite float was found. At
Mount Todd, on the San Juan River, diorite and granite appear to be the most
common underlying rocks.   At Mount Bolduc, four claims were staked on a fairly
 A 72 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
large zone mineralized with chalcopyrite and malachite.   Considerable stream and
silt testing were done in this area.
MINING ROADS AND TRAILS
Provision is made in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources Act
whereby the Minister may, with the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council,
authorize the expenditure of public funds for the construction or repair of roads and
trails into mining areas. Assistance on a half-cost basis may also be provided on
roads and trails to individual properties.
Requests for road and trail assistance must be made to the Department before
the commencement of work. The type of access upon which assistance may be
given depends upon the value of the property, the stage of development, and the
amount of work to be done. A trail is sometimes sufficient for initial exploration,
and a tractor-road may be adequate for preliminary work. Subsequent development
might warrant assistance on the construction of a truck-road. A carefully drawn
sketch or plan of the location of the road is required to be submitted and, where
warranted by the amount of assistance requested, a report on the property by a
professional geological or mining engineer may be required. An engineer from
the Department may be required to report on the property before a grant is made
and to inspect the road after the work has been done.
Total mileages and disbursements under " Grants in Aid of Mining Roads and
Trails " during the year ended March 31, 1967, were as follows:—
Roads  Miles Cost
Construction  168.05   $181,242.36
Maintenance   255.5 46,440.94
Bridges—maintenance  2,870.00
Total     $230,553.30
In addition to the above, work was continued on the Stewart-Cassiar road.
The construction is supervised by the Department of Highways on behalf of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources. The only new road construction
was on Project No. 1391. This is the 29.08-mile section between Burrage River
and Ningunsaw River. The contract was awarded on November 18, 1965, to Ben
Ginter Construction Company in the amount of $3,978,553.50. Work on the project
was stopped on October 5th for the winter. At the end of the first year's work the
project was 14.4 per cent completed.
Benray Bridge Company Limited continued work on the construction of the
substructure for the Bell-Irving No. 1 bridge located about 58 miles from Stewart.
On June 16, 1966, a contract was awarded to Canada Iron Foundries Limited,
Western Bridge Division, in the amount of $384,696.40, for the fabrication and
erection of the steel work for the bridge which is to be built in 1967.
MUSEUMS
The Department has a large exhibit of mineral and rock specimens in the
Douglas Building, Victoria; collections are also displayed in the offices of the
Inspectors of Mines at Nelson, Vancouver, and Prince Rupert.
Specimens from the collection in Victoria, accumulated in a period of more
than 60 years, are displayed in cases on the fourth floor of the Douglas Building.
The collection includes specimens from many of the mines and prospects in the
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 73
Province, and also specimens of type rocks and special minerals from British
Columbia and elsewhere.
British Columbia material includes specimens collected by officers of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and specimens donated by property-
owners. The collection also includes type specimens purchased from distributors.
Other valuable specimens or groups of specimens have been donated or loaned to
the museum.
ROCK AND MINERAL SPECIMENS
Information regarding collections of specimens of rocks and minerals available
to prospectors and schools in British Columbia may be obtained from the Chief of
the Mineralogical Branch.
PUBLICATIONS
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, bulletins,
and other publications of the Department, with prices charged for them, are listed
in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources List of Publications, available
from the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch.
Publications may be obtained from the offices of the Department in Victoria
and from the office of the Geological Survey of Canada in Vancouver. They are
also available for reference use in the Department's Library (Mineralogical Branch)
at Victoria, in the reading-room of the office of the Geological Survey of Canada in
Vancouver, and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince
Rupert, as well as in public libraries.
MAPS SHOWING MINERAL CLAIMS, PLACER CLAIMS, AND
PLACER-MINING LEASES
From the details supplied by the locators, the approximate positions of mineral
claims held by record and of placer-mining leases are shown on maps that may be
inspected in the central records offices of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources in Victoria and Vancouver. Copies of these maps may be obtained on
request made to the Chief Gold Commissioner, Victoria. The boundaries of surveyed claims and leases are shown on the reference maps and other maps of the
British Columbia Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources.
OFFICES OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND
PETROLEUM RESOURCES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY,
MINES AND RESOURCES, CANADA.
The Provincial Inspectors of Mines and Resident Engineers for the Vancouver
Island and Lower Mainland districts, the Silicosis Control Inspectors, and the Gold
Commissioner and Mining Recorder for Vancouver Mining Division occupy offices
at Room 320, 890 West Pender Street, Vancouver. Nearby, at 326 Howe Street,
officers of the Geological Survey of Canada are stationed, and a technical library
is maintained.
The services offered to the public at these two offices include technical information on mining and the geology of the Province, the identification of mineral specimens, distribution of Federal and Provincial mining and geological publications,
a reference library, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central records office.
 Topographic Mapping and Air Photography
The Annual Report of the British Columbia Lands Service, 1966, describes in
full detail the activities of the Legal Surveys, Topographic, Air, and Geographic
Divisions of the Surveys and Mapping Branch. The following is a summary of
activities of interest to the mineral industry:—
A large proportion of the field efforts of the Topographic Division were concentrated in northern British Columbia. Surveys for pondage mapping took place
on the upper and lower Stikine, lower Iskut, and sections of the Kechika, Gataga,
Fort Nelson, and Liard Rivers. Field control was completed for seven National
Topographic map-sheets around the Stikine and Iskut Rivers. In response to a
request by the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, additional horizontal
and vertical control was placed in and around the Clarke Lake, Yoyo, Kotcho Lake,
and Petitot River natural-gas fields. Full aerial photographic coverage of the area
preceded the field work.
Photographic units of the Air Division exposed more than 29,000 aerial photographs during 1966. A few of the 71 projects completed for Government agencies
and departments were: 8,800 square miles in National Topographic blocks 94i,
94j, 94o, and 94p (northeastern corner of British Columbia); 3,200 square miles
in National Topographic blocks 104f and 104g (Stikine River region); and 3,100
square miles in block 104a (northeast of Stewart), all at 40 chains scale, and 12,515
square miles at 20 chains scale in the North Thompson, Purden Lake-Bowron Lake,
Queen Charlotte Islands, Rivers Inlet, Sayward, and Slocan-Nakusp areas. Sales
and loans of aerial photographs reached their highest levels in the past decade, being
76,956. Mining companies were responsible for 32,217 photographs loaned or
reprinted, an increase of 34 per cent over 1965. As a comparison of growth over
the past decade, the mining industry borrowed or purchased only 2,186 aerial photographs during all of 1956. Today, the mining industry is by far the largest private
user.
The Geographic Division released four new land status maps in 1966. These
were National Topographic sheets 93b (Quesnel) and 93g (Prince George) at
1:250,000 scale and 82K/NW (Beaton) and 82K/NE (Invermere) at 1 inch to
2 miles.
The new Gazetteer of British Columbia, 1966, was published by the authority
of the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names. It is being distributed by the Queen's Printer, Ottawa.
Indexes to published maps, reference maps, manuscripts, and air photographic
cover are available through the Director, Surveys and Mapping Branch, British
Columbia Lands Service, Victoria, B.C.
A 74
 Department of Energy, Mines and Resources
The Canadian Government Department of Energy, Mines and Resources performs many functions related to mining and the mineral industry in general. The
Mines Branch, Geological Survey of Canada, Surveys and Mapping Branch, and the
Mineral Resources Division provide services of the Department of direct interest to
the mineral industry.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA
The Geological Survey of Canada each year has several geological parties in
the field in British Columbia.
Over a period of nearly a hundred years many reports and maps covering areas
of British Columbia have been published by the Geological Survey of Canada. These
publications have provided geological information that has greatly benefited mining
and prospecting activities in the Province.
A branch office of the Geological Survey of Canada is maintained at 326 Howe
Street, Vancouver 1, with Dr. J. E. Armstrong in charge. Geological reports and
maps of British Columbia may be obtained there.
Field Work by Geological Survey of Canada in British Columbia, 1966
Geological mapping and special studies were done in the following areas:—
R. B. Campbell in the 93 H map-area.
J. E. Muller on Vancouver Island completed the Alberni area, 92 F, 92 L,
92 G, and 92 K.
N. Rutter, superficial geology of the Peace, Finlay, and Parsnip River valleys,
parts of 93 N, O; 94 B, C, F.
R. J. Fulton, superficial geology in vicinity of Duncan Dam and Arrow Lakes,
parts of 82 E, F, K, L, M, N; 83 C, D.
R. Mulligan investigated the metallogeny of the Cassiar batholith, 104 O, P.
J. G. Souther continued the Cordilleran volcanology project in the vicinity of
Edziza Peak, 104 G, 104 B/7.
C. A. Giovanella began a study of the structure and metamorphism of the
gneisses straddling the Rocky Mountain Trench, 83 D/ll E, 83 D/6 E, 83 D/7 W,
and 83 D/10 W.
S. F. Learning began inventory mapping of superficial deposits and landforms
in the vicinity of Prince George, 93 G.
J. E. Reesor continued his study of the granitic rocks of Canada in the Thor-
Odin area, 82 L/8 and 82 L/9.
J. A. Coates continued work in the Manning Park area, part of 92 H.
W. W. Hutchison made a study of plutonism and tectonics of part of the
northern Coast Mountains, 103 J/E, 103 I/W.
B. E. Lowes began a structural study of the Cascade Mountains, 92 H/5,
92H/12.
H. W. Tipper began work on the Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Skeena River
region, 93 M, 94 D/W, 103 P.
J. W. H. Monger studied the structure and Permian stratigraphy of part of the
Atlin Horst, 104 J/7-10, 15, 16.
W. J. McMillan worked on a structural problem at Ratchford Creek,
82 M/2, 7.
A 75
 A 76
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1966
1
V. A. Preto completed a structural and petrographic study of the Grand Forks
Group, 82 E/l W.
E. T. Tozer studied the stratigraphy and structure of the Triassic system in
northeastern British Columbia, 94 G, K, J.
J. A. Jeletzky studied the Cretaceous and late Upper Jurassic biostratigraphy in
parts of 92.
J. O. Wheeler revised the mapping of the northeastern part of the Rogers Pass
area, parts of 82 N, in British Columbia and Alberta.
G. B. Leech studied part of the western face of the Stanford Range near
Windermere, 82 J/W.
R. A. Price, J. D. Aitken, E. W. Mountjoy, and D. G. Cook continued operation Bow-Athabasca with reconnaissance geology of unmapped parts of the southern
Rocky Mountains in British Columbia and Alberta.
Publications of the Geological Survey
Publications of the Geological Survey of Canada relating to British Columbia
were received by the library of the British Columbia Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources in 1966.
MINES BRANCH
The Mines Branch has divisions dealing with mineral dressing and process
metallurgy, physical metallurgy, radioactivity, and fuels and explosives. Publications of the Mines Branch pertaining to British Columbia were received by the
library of the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources
in 1966.
MINERAL RESOURCES DIVISION
The Mineral Resources Division publishes studies on mineral resources, mineral
economics, mineral legislation, mineral taxation, mining technology, and miscellaneous subjects related to the mineral industry. Publications published by the
Mineral Resources Division were received by the library of the British Columbia
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources in 1966.

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