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BC Sessional Papers

PROVINCIAL MUSEUM of NATURAL HISTORY and ANTHROPOLOGY REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1966 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1967]

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Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
  To Major-General the Honourable George Randolph Pearkes,
V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C., CD.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Provincial Museum of Natural History and Anthropology for the year 1966.
Minister of Recreation and Conservation.
Office of the Minister of Recreation and Conservation,
January 27,1967.
 Provincial Museum of Natural History and Anthropology,
Victoria, B.C., January, 1967.
The Honourable W. K. Kiernan,
Minister of Recreation and Conservation, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—The undersigned respectfully submits herewith a report covering the
activities of the Provincial Museum of Natural History and Anthropology for the
calendar year 1966.
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
The Honourable William Kenneth Kiernan, Minister.
D. B. Turner, Ph.D., Deputy Minister.
G. Clifford Carl, Ph.D., Director.
Charles J. Gui3uet, M.A., Curator of Birds and Mammals.
Adam F. Szczawinski, Ph.D., Curator of Botany.
Donald N. Abbott, B.A., Curator of Anthropology.
Erik Thorn, Chief of Displays.
Frank L. Beebe, Illustrator and Museum Technician.
George H. E. Moore, Museum Adviser (from October 1st).
Philip R. Ward, Conservator (from November 14th).
Robert H. Nichols, Field Agent.
Iohn H. Smyly, Technician.
Peter L. Macnair, B.A., Assistant in Anthropology.
Michael D. Miller, Assistant in Museum Technique.
Thomas L. Putnam, Display Technician (from August 8th).
Edgar M. Mullett, Shopman (from lune 20th).
Margaret Crummy, B.A., Clerk-Stenographer.
Betty C Newton, Assistant in Museum Technique.
Sheila Y. Newnham, Herbarium Technician.
Helen M. Burkholder, Clerk.
Claude G. Briggs, Attendant.
Gordon King, Relief Attendant.
Norman W. Milke, Relief Attendant.
R. L. Pumfrey, Relief Attendant.
Beverly Sawchuk, Student Assistant.
Linda Gusthart, Student Assistant.
A. S. Harrison, Student Assistant.
Iohn H. W. Sendey, Student Assistant.
Henry Hunt, Chief Carver.
E. C. (Tony) Hunt, Assistant Carver.
Simon Charlie, Assistant Carver (from September 6th).
(a) To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the
(b) To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the
(c) To obtain information respecting the natural sciences, relating particularly
to the natural history of the Province, and to increase and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
(Section 4, Provincial Museum Act, Chapter 311, R.S.B.C. 1960.)
The Provincial Museum is open to the public, free, on week-days, 8.30 a.m. to
5 p.m.; Saturdays, 9.30 a.m. to 5 p.m.; and on Sunday afternoons, 1 to 5 p.m.
July and August: week-days, 8.30 a.m. to 9 p.m.; Saturdays, 9.30 a.m. to 9 p.m.;
Sundays, 1 to 5 p.m.
Report of the Director  11
Field Work  11
Curatorial Activities  12
Thunderbird Park  12
Extension  12
New Building Construction  13
Display Preparation  13
Research  14
Out-of-Province Travel  14
Publications  14
Staff Changes  15
Attendance  16
Obituaries  16
Donations and Accessions  17
Article—" Preliminary Distributional List of the Spiders of British Columbia,"
by Erik Thorn  23
  Coastal diorama in preparation under the direction of Mr. F. L. Beebe, Museum technician.
H.R.H. the Queen Mother at ceremonies during the laying of the cornerstone of the
Museum-Archives complex, March 16, 1966. With her are the Honourable W. N. Chant,
Minister of Public Works; the Honourable W. A. C. Bennett, Premier; and Lieutenant-
Governor the Honourable George R. Pearkes.
For the Year 1966
The year 1966 has been highlighted by many events marking the Centennial
of the union of the Crown Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. It
has also been a memorable one for the Museum, marked by periods of progress and
optimism alternating with times of delay and frustration, mostly in connection with
the building construction now underway. These events, coupled with the more or
less routine activities connected with the operation of a museum, have resulted in a
busy year.
Most work in the field in 1966 was concerned with gathering material required
for exhibits planned or in preparation for the new building. Besides a number of
local trips for birds and plants needed for displays, two sessions were spent in the
Okanagan Valley, where study was concentrated on the locale selected for a diorama
being prepared to show the life of the Dry Interior. The work consisted of making
a cast of rock formations, gathering plant material, collecting birds and mammals,
and taking photographs and tape recordings. Assisting Museum staff members
were Mr. Karl Spreitz, of the Photographic Branch; Mrs. Grace M. Bell, of
Victoria (making sound recordings); and Miss Enid Lemon, also of Victoria
In the early fall, Mr. C. J. Guiguet, Curator of Zoology; Mr. M. D. Miller,
assistant in museum technique; and Mr. John Hermann-Blome, taxidermist, spent
several days on Vancouver Island collecting a bull and two cow elk. These animals
are to be mounted for display in a coastal forest habitat group planned for completion in 1969.
As part of a three-year botanical project, student-assistant Spring Harrison
carried on an intensive programme of plant-collecting in Saanich Peninsula under
the direction of Dr. A. F. Szczawinski, Curator of Botany. As the vegetative covering of this part of British Columbia is changing so rapidly, we feel it imperative to
have a botanical inventory made at this time for future reference.
In early June Mr. Frank Beebe, illustrator and museum technician, spent
several days with Fish and Wildlife Branch personnel in the Queen Charlotte Islands
assessing the current population of peregrine falcons in that area, particularly in
the vicinity of Langara Island.
In the human-history field, a number of trips were made to various parts of
the Province to collect historic items and Indian artifacts. Areas visited included
the East Kootenay District, and then Lillooet, Lytton, Shuswap, Fort Rupert, and
Port Hardy.
In June Mr. D. M. Abbott, Curator of Anthropology, and Mr. P. L. Macnair,
assistant in anthropology, attended the elaborate celebrations put on by the Kwakiutl
people in connection with the official opening of a new dance house constructed at
Alert Bay. Mr. Henry Hunt and Mr. Tony Hunt, carvers, took part in some of
the ceremonies. On several occasions during the winter months Mr. Abbott and
Mr. Macnair attended spirit dances and other ceremonies put on by local natives.
During the spring term, Museum staff members assisted a team of university
students to carry out a " dig " at Cadboro Bay. The site proved most productive;
a series of artifacts and stratigraphy showing successive cultural phases was revealed by the co-operative study. The materials gathered will eventually be added
to the collections of the Provincial Museum.
In addition to the usual routine activities connected with the care of collections,
the identification of submitted specimens, and dealing with the public in general,
other chores were thrust upon some staff members as a result of several moves.
Early in the year it was necessary to shift our display studio and workshop
from the old Mc and Mc Building, 1450 Government, where we settled in mid-1965,
to other quarters provided for us at 845 Yates Street in Victoria. The new building
provides a greater amount of floor space with the additional advantage of being
completely within our control as far as access is concerned. Its central location
with some inside parking is also a valuable asset. The move caused some delay in
our programme of display planning and construction, and interfered with the work
of restoring totem poles and other large carvings.
Later still, more work and storage space was unexpectedly made available to
us on the top floor of the former warehouse of the British Columbia Liquor Control
Board at Wharf and Fort Streets. This area is now being used as a sorting centre
for the extensive anthropological collection, a place where objects can be safely
laid out for inspection, cleaning, and eventual selection for display.
A minor move involved the taxidermy shop and an archaeological office at
609 Superior Street; switching locations improved working conditions in each area
and enabled the Curator of Archaeology to organize his collections to better
Carving of a replica of a 40-foot Haida pole, Weeping Woman of Tanu, which
was commenced in 1965, was not completed until midsummer because of a number
of other commitments. Work on this pole was also slowed while Mr. Tony Hunt
spent several weeks repairing a number of canoes and totems being readied for
In late summer a contract was received to carve a 60-foot pole and a " welcome
figure " for the Indians of Canada Pavilion in Expo 67 in Montreal. Logs for this
purpose were generously donated by MacMillan Bloedel Limited and by British
Columbia Forest Products, and a third carver, Mr. Simon Charlie, of Duncan, was
engaged to assist in the project.
A number of poles which were temporarily stored at Thunderbird Park were
moved to the Yates Street quarters for cleaning and repairs.
As usual, various staff members presented illustrated lectures, took part in
radio and television programmes, gave technical instruction, and were active in
other types of educational activities as the opportunities arose. In February the
Director presented a series of illustrated conservation lectures in California and
Arizona under the combined auspices of the Canadian Audubon Society and the
National Audubon Society.
A major step in providing extension services to other museums was taken with
the appointment of a Museum Adviser to our staff.   In this capacity, Mr. George
EE  13
Moore has already compiled an up-to-date list of all museums of the Province and
has contacted each institution by letter, by phone, or by personal call. Plans to
provide various types of helpful services are being formulated.
As part of a conference held in British Columbia by members of the Canadian
Botanical Association, Dr. Szczawinski conducted a group of confreres on field
trips to several areas on Vancouver Island to study and photograph vegetation cover
typical of this coast. Dr. Szczawinski is also a member of the advisory board of
the association.
On another occasion Dr. Szczawinski acted as guide and interpreter for a Polish
team of television men making publicity films of British Columbia for worldwide use.
From time to time during the year the Museum has received publicity through
a series of spot announcements from radio station CFAX as a free public service;
we express here our gratitude for this generous contribution.
The erection of steel for the new buildings proceeded through the early months
of the year and was completed well on schedule. The formal laying of the
foundation-stone, located at the south entrance to the main building, took place on
March 19th with Her Majesty the Queen Mother taking the leading part. The
ceremony was witnessed by several hundred invited guests plus the general public.
Despite poor weather, a large crowd had gathered. The affair was well covered by
television, radio, and other news services.
For most of the ensuing months, construction slowed almost to a standstill
while the Department of Public Works architects and engineers revised plans in
order to reduce the total cost of the project. Following approval of the proposed
changes, work progressed on the retaining-walls, underground passageways, and
other sub-surface structures while revised plans concerning the exterior of the
curatorial tower and other details were being completed.
The contract for the final phase of construction of the main building was let to
Farmer Construction Limited, of Victoria, in early December and work commenced
almost immediately.
A great deal of time and effort was spent on planning exhibits and on constructing some of them. This has involved drawing up an over-all floor plan for
displays in both the Natural History Section and the Human History Section and in
determining which sections are to be completed first.
Four large dioramas had already been selected for completion in the first phase
of exhibit preparation, and work on these habitat groups progressed favourably.
The artists engaged to produce these dioramas—namely, Mr. Frank Beebe, of the
Museum staff; Mr. Clarence Tillenius, of Winnipeg, Man.; and Mr. Hugh Mona-
han, of North Vancouver—have individually completed miniature replicas of each
project, and details as to composition have all been worked out. Mr. John
Hermann-Blome, who is undertaking to prepare the mounted specimens to be used
in the dioramas, has completed a cougar, two deer, and several smaller mammals;
three bighorn sheep, a moose, and three elk are in various stages of preparation.
To make best use of exhibit space to be provided in the new building, a series
of special display-cases has been designed by Mr. E. Thorn, Display Chief, and pilot
cases of three different sizes have been constructed. With these as models, a number
of displays have been produced, ready to be installed in cases as soon as they are
manufactured. The first group of exhibits in this category is destined for a gallery
to be devoted to life in the Dry Belt of British Columbia, which will include a large
diorama featuring the bighorn sheep already mentioned.
An introductory gallery has also been planned to contain displays related to
the geological history of the Province and some of its physical features. A considerable amount of help in this project is being given by the Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources, for which we are most grateful, and other authorities have
been consulted when required.
A variety of accessories for these displays have also been produced. These
include numerous mounts of birds and small mammals, casts and models of various
reptiles and amphibians, Indian houses in miniature, and several groups of plants,
tree trunks, wild flowers, and miscellaneous bits of vegetation.
Early in the year the display programme was interrupted for some days during
a move to more spacious quarters, as already noted. For a short period, also, the
services of the staff were devoted to installing exhibits in the replica of S.S. " Beaver,"
constructed as part of British Columbia's Centennial celebration programme.
Intensive collecting of display material precluded further work during 1966 in
the study of small-mammal distribution. Various field activities also made inroads
on time devoted to botanical research, but in spite of this, some progress was made
on the study of the flora of the Province being made by Dr. Szczawinski in collaboration with Dr. T. M. C. Taylor, of the Department of Botany, University of
British Columbia.
Archaeological research was also carried on, but to a rather limited extent,
during the year.
In May, Mr. Macnair was accepted as a candidate to attend a training session
at Winnipeg sponsored by the Canadian Museums Association. Such attendance
provides credits toward a diploma of competence in museology to be granted to
successful candidates by the association.
Later the Director attended the annual meeting of the Canadian Museums
Association, which was held in Winnipeg following the training period.
In June Mr. Thorn attended the annual meeting of the American Museums
Association in Chicago, where he conferred with officials in the exhibit field and
with technicians in the local museums. En route home he visited the Milwaukee
Museum to study its latest display methods.
The following publications have appeared in 1966:—
G. Clifford Carl.
Guide to Marine Life of British Columbia.   British Columbia Provincial
Museum Handbook No. 21, pp. 1-135 (reissue).
George Austin Hardy, 1888-1966.   Victoria Naturalist, Vol. 22, No. 9,
George Austin Hardy.   Journal of the Entomological Society of British
Columbia, Vol. 63, December, pp. 43-44.
C. J. Guiguet.
Let's Collect a Specimen for Exhibit. Victoria Naturalist, Vol. 23, No. 4,
pp. 44-47.
A. F. Szczawinski.
The Case of the Poisoning Mushroom.  Wildlife Review, Vol. 3, No. 10,
pp. 12-13.
A World of Mushrooms.    Beautiful British Columbia, Vol. 8, No. 2,
pp. 26-29.
Weeds for Lunch.  Wildlife Review, Vol. IV, No. 1, pp. 14-15.
Food for Survival. Wildlife Review, Vol. IV, No. 2, pp. 18-19.
T. M. C. Taylor.
The Lily Family (Liliaceae) of British Columbia.   British Columbia Provincial Museum Handbook No. 25, pp. 1-109.
Thetis Park Nature Sanctuary Association.
Natural History of Thetis Lake Area near Victoria, British Columbia.
Report of the Provincial Museum for 1965, pp. 21-54.
Erik Thorn.
Designing Exhibits for Small Museums.    Museum Round-up, No. 24,
October, pp. 42-43.
Two publications in addition to the above have been edited and submitted for
publication early in 1967. These are " Intertidal Univales of British Columbia," by
Lela M. Griffith, and " Mosquitoes of British Columbia," by L. C. Curtis.   Other
manuscripts in the fields of biology and anthropology are in preparation.
Handbooks No. 2, "Amphibians of British Columbia," and No. 21, " Guide to
Marine Life," were reprinted in response to a continuing demand.
Two significant appointments to our permanent staff were made in 1966. In
September Mr. George Moore was engaged as Museum Adviser, a post which will
provide a number of services to the museums of British Columbia. Some of these
are enumerated in another section of this Report.
Later in the year Mr. Philip R. Ward, formerly of the British Museum, joined
out staff as Conservator. Mr. Ward's responsibilities will include the cleaning,
repairing, restoring, and preserving of museum material already in collections, as
well as of objects as they are acquired.
Mr. Ed Mullett and Mr. Tom Putnam have been engaged as technicians in
the display laboratory, and Mrs. Beverly Sawchuk, Mr. John Sendey, Miss Linda
Gusthart, and Mr. Spring Harrison were taken on for varying periods as student
assistants. In September Mr. Simon Charlie joined the carving staff at Thunder-
bird Park, as noted elsewhere.
From time to time, as required, Mr. Gordon King, Mr. R. Pumfrey, and Mr.
N. W. Milke acted as relief attendants.
One staff member retired on December 31st. After more than 20 years' service as a technical assistant, Miss Betty C. Newton left for reasons of health. During
her long tenure Miss Newton carried out many different assignments, not only in the
technical and artistic field, but also as instructor, docent, and general office worker
as required. Special projects included the construction of certain plant and insect
models presently on display, the colour scheme in the bird gallery, illustrations for
"The Heather Family (Ericaceae) of British Columbia" (Handbook No. 19), and
the arrangement of several displays in the invertebrate division. For some time also
Miss Newton was in charge of a group of junior naturalists who used to meet in the
Museum under the auspices of the Victoria Natural History Society. Fellow staff
members join in wishing her well.
The following attendance figures for 1966 are estimates based upon sample
counts made at irregular intervals:—
January     4,100 August .     62,000
February  11,000 September     30,000
March     7,900 October     10,700
April ___.     8,500 November       7,100
May  10,000 December       2,000
June  16,000 	
July  43,300 Total  212,600
Of the total attendance, 10,610 persons were members of groups made up as
Kindergartens     14 Bands or sports       8
School classes   108 Education for Democracy      7
Summer play groups       8 Others      47
Guides or Scouts     65 	
Birthday parties     11 Total  281
Church _.     13
According to these figures, the number of visitors in 1966 shows an increase of
22 per cent over the attendance for the previous year, a gratifying rise.
As has been the policy for several years, the Museum's hours were extended to
9 p.m. each evening except Sunday during the summer months. Many visitors took
advantage of this extra service, especially when flag-raising ceremonies or other
events took place on the grounds in front of the Legislative Buildings.
We pay tribute here to several persons who have passed on during 1966.
Mrs. Ellen Neel, renowned artist and totem-carver.    (February 3rd.)
Dr. Peter Kelly, a Haida from Skidegate, prominent in Canadian Indian affairs
and active in the ministry; receiver of the Coronation Medal in 1954.   (March 2nd.)
Mr. George A. Hardy, former botanist and entomologist of the Museum staff
and a well-loved all-round naturalist.   (March 27th.)
Mr. Theo H. Scheffer, a former member of the old United States Biological
Survey (now the Fish and Wildlife Service), author of many scientific papers in
natural history, aged 99.   (May 17th.)
Major Anthony (Tony) P. McLaughlin, British Columbia land surveyor and
volunteer plant collector for the Provincial Museum.    (May 23rd.)
Dr. George J. Spencer, entomologist, professor emeritus at the University of
British Columbia, and inspirer of students in biology.   (July 24th.)
Mr. Thomas R. Ashlee, amateur botanist and active plant collector. (September 11th.)
■    Dr. John Hocking, of Kelowna, vice-president of the British Columbia Nature
Council and ardent conservationist.   (October 16th.)
Mr. Ted Greig, of Royston, outstanding grower of rhododendrons and an
enthusiastic plant collector.   (December 1st.)
A number of plant collections were received from various institutions, game
biologists, foresters, and private individuals. Of these, two of the most significant
were by Mrs. G. Mendel, whose collection represents the Kitimat district, and Mr.
A. C. Heringa, representing the Chilcotin district. Space does not permit us to
list each contributor individually, but we include all in a grateful vote of thanks.
Herbarium exchange was continued with the following institutions: National
Museum of Canada, Ottawa; Science Service, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa;
Laval University, Quebec; Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C; University of
British Columbia, Vancouver; University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.; University
of Victoria, Victoria; Stockholm Museum, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Helsinki, Finland;  University of Krakow, Poland;  and others.
With the addition of 1,508 sheets of specimens during 1966, the total now
stands at 48,200. The project of remounting and uniformly labelling all herbarium
specimens, started in 1965, was continued through 1966.
During the year a number of plant scientists from Canada and abroad visited
and worked in the herbarium.
_,     .. Mammals
By gift—
C. Clark, Department of Highways, Port Clements — one large whalebone
D. J. French, Victoria—one long-eared bat.
Mrs. Henderson, Black Creek—one Vancouver Island water shrew.
Mrs. D. Hillis, Victoria—portion of ear bone of whale.
C. Hronek and D. Hamber, Victoria—bone fragments and skulls of deer and
bear from caves in Gordon River area.
Tom Jamieson, Victoria—rib bone of large whale.
Mrs. Johnson, Sidney—one red squirrel.
Michael Leoppky, Victoria—immature hair seal.
Michael Lowery, Victoria—one big brown bat.
K. S. McDiarmid, Victoria—one house mouse.
Marvin Moore, Youbou—skin and skull of wolf-dog hybrid.
C. W. Morehen, Victoria—two raccoons.
Dave Murdock, Public Works, Victoria—tooth of domestic cow.
Robert D. Parker, Victoria—skull of blacktail deer.
Ken Quagliotti, Victoria—fragment of elk mandible.
Archie Sanderson, Victoria—bone, blacktail deer.
S.P.C.A., Victoria—one river otter.
Sooke Game Department—one river otter, one mink.
By staff—73.
„     ... Birds
By gift—
Capt. Francesco Adessi, Vancouver—one snowy owl.
Mrs. Joan Alston-Stewart, Victoria—one western bluebird.
Wendy Basham, Victoria—one white-crowned sparrow.
Mr. Bremridge, Victoria—one golden-crowned kinglet.
Mrs. Bridgeman, care of A. R. Davidson, Victoria—one immature cedar wax-
R. P. Brown, Port Hardy—one snowy owl.
Kurt F. K. Cehak, Race Rocks Lightstation—one snowy owl.
Miss Cowe and Miss Davis, Victoria—one robin's nest, three eggs.
A Crawley, Victoria—one warbling vireo nest, two cowbird eggs.
J. S. Cunningham, Victoria—one yellow warbler.
Mrs. Beth Damgaard, Victoria—one pheasant.
Mrs. Eleanore Davidson, Victoria—one purple finch, one flicker, one crow,
one saw-whet owl.
A. R. Davidson, Victoria—one rufous hummingbird.
Brian Davies, Victoria—one immature towhee.
Galiano Rod and Gun Club—one whistling swan.
Mark Guiguet, Victoria—one snowy owl.
Barbara Isherwood, Victoria—one chipping sparrow's nest.
Mrs. Johnson, Sidney—one flicker.
Patrick Kerfoot, Victoria—one European starling.
Mrs. J. C. Lapham, Victoria—two loon skins.
Enid Lemon, Victoria—one junco.
Dorothy E. MacDonald, Vancouver—one sharp-shinned hawk.
R. Mayo, Prince George—two yellow-bellied sapsuckers, one varied thrush.
Hugh Monahan, North Vancouver—two mallards, four widgeons, four shovellers, one scaup, one pintail, one wood duck, four green-winged teal.
Mrs. P. Monckton, Victoria—one varied thrush.
C. W. Morehen, Victoria—one wood duck.
Don Owen and Anthony Lowe, Victoria—one saw-whet owl.
Jack Rhodes, Victoria—one Audubon warbler.
Vicky Sargent, Victoria—one golden-crowned kinglet.
Sylvia Sidwell for South Park School, Victoria — one immature European
Miss M. Skellern, Victoria—one Cooper hawk.
Mrs. M. Slocomb, Victoria—one varied thrush.
S.P.C.A., Victoria—one immature albino crow, one snowy owl, one great blue
heron, one cormorant.
Sooke Game Department—two Arctic loons, one cormorant, one fox sparrow,
one rosy finch.
G. Taylor, Campell River—one trumpeter swan.
Robert B. Taylor, Victoria—one murre.
J. D. Walker, Prospect Lake—one owl.
Miss D. White, Victoria—one quail's egg.
By staff—328.
„     .„ Amphibians and Reptiles
By gift-
Mrs. F. S. Henderson, Comox-—one western painted turtle.
Mark Love, Wenatchee—one skink.
Mrs. Isabel Wagner, Victoria—one garter snake.
By staff—9.
^     ... Fish
By gift-
James Hawkey, Victoria—one sculpin.
Larry Lesperance, Victoria—one prickleback.
Brian Watson, Victoria—one mackereljack.
_     .„ Invertebrates
By gift-
Richard Barclay, Victoria—one polyphemus moth.
Mrs. D. Beatty, Victoria—one horntail.
G. Bell, Victoria—one white-lined hawk moth.
Mrs. L. Boxrud, Victoria—larva of caddis fly.
Miss Joyce Chope, Victoria—shell of fresh-water snail.
Mrs. D. Eng, Victoria-—one ground spider.
Mrs. A. E. Evans, Victoria—one crab, empty egg cases of dog whelk on
Japanese oyster shells.
Jim Flett, Victoria—one electric-light bug.
Heather Guille, Victoria—one shamrock orb weaver.
Paul Gurr, Victoria—one polyphemus moth.
Miss E. C. Harrold, Roberts Creek—one adult dobson fly.
Mrs. Hetherington, Victoria—one ground spider.
Mrs. K. Holt, Victoria—one bristletail.
L. Hubbard, Victoria—one shamrock orb weaver.
Danny Hudson, Nanaimo—one electric-light bug.
Calvin Hunt, Victoria—one spiny wood-borer.
Jack Kemp, Victoria—one eyed click beetle.
Mrs. Lettiki, Victoria—one wolf spider.
S. R. Mudie, Victoria—drugstore beetles.
M. Padget, Victoria—purple-hinged rock scallop.
E. Perry, Victoria—one ground spider.
R. D. Pilling, Victoria—one banded borer.
Richard Razzo, Victoria—one horse hair " snake."
Nick Richardson, Alberni—one banded borer.
Dan and Tom Ryan, Victoria—one black widow spider.
Helen Saunders, Sooke—one orb weaver.
G. W. Sidders, Galiano Island—cluster of large barnacles.
Ken Sinkiewicz, Victoria—one moth.
Elizabeth Stanley, Victoria—portion of hinge of butter clam shell.
A. Todd, Victoria—eyed hawk moth.
Miss T. Todd, Victoria—five egg masses of electric-light bug.
R. H. Vye, Victoria—shellfish found at bottom of ocean.
Ron Wilson, Victoria—one striped cockchafer.
„     ..^ Paleontology
By gift-
George Massey, Victoria—one mammoth tooth.
Thomas G. Poison, Victoria—partial jaw of prehistoric elephant.
A. D. Porter, Queen Charlotte—collection of whalebone fragments.
Cliff Williams, Ladysmith-—one fossil fragment.
The McGill and Orme Collection—(Gift.)    One large lot of druggist's stock and
miscellaneous material.
By purchase—
Numerous unclassified lots of pioneer articles and other objects of historic
By gift—
D. L. Carl, Victoria—one tube of belt dressing.
Miss M. Crummy, Victoria—one old top hat with case.
Mrs. E. M. Dougan, Victoria—two antique clocks.
W. O. Douglas, Victoria—one Hudson's Bay Company trade article, collection
of 15 back numbers of " Beaver " magazine.
Mrs. E. F. Fletcher, Victoria—one copy of " Museum of Antiquity," by Yaggy
& Howes, 1884;   one damaged copy of classical Greek dictionary, two
silver hat pins, one pair of very old drapes.
Dr. J. F. L. Hart, Victoria—one physician's bag formerly property of Dr. E.
C. Hart, for many years coroner of Victoria, B.C.
Miss Marion C. Heritage, Victoria—one box of lace, quilt, wedding skirt.
Miss Olive Heritage, Victoria—one small chest, writing-box.
Tony Karop, Victoria^—World War I match box and matches.
J. F. G. Kemp, Victoria—one sleeping-bag of sheepskin or buffalo.
Mrs. Isabel Lemon, Victoria—wool work, framed by Sommers of Victoria,
made about 1890.
W. P. Shaw, Victoria—one Hudson's Bay Company type all-iron walking-
Bob Turner, Victoria—one sterilizer for instruments.
Mrs. Ethel Watkin, Victoria—travellers' bathtub, stone hot-water bottle.
P. E. Wilkinson, Victoria—buffalo-skin overcoat.
Miss J. Wilson, Victoria—one wooden collection box, one piece of doll-house
furniture, inlaid.
Miss Violet Wilson, Victoria—one iron door knocker.
„     ..x Archeology
By gift—
J. V. Belknap, Victoria—large collection of artifacts from Lytton.
L. D. Brown, Lillooet—two basalt scrapers, six chipped points.
M. Bolduc, Victoria—partial human skeleton.
G. Boudreau, Victoria—partial human skeleton.
Miss J. Christie, Sidney—stone chisel fragment.
R. Cox, Victoria—stone object.
William Cox, Gabriola Island—collection of artifacts.
Mrs. W. H. Cross, Sidney—bone point, celt fragment, polished bone object,
fragment of soapstone artifact.
D. J. De Rochie, Victoria—chipped point.
Frederich Dyer, Victoria—two skull fragments.
David Gardner, Victoria—stone hammer.
Mrs. Nancy Hayden, Victoria—collection of artifacts.
W. Noel Hayden, Victoria—collection of artifacts.
M. Hodges, Victoria—partial human skeleton.
Miss Frances Hubbard, Victoria—iron harpoon blade.
Bill Huish, Sooke—prehistoric stone club.
H. Jones, Sooke—collection of artifacts.
W. D. Kinsey, Victoria—three celts.
Rodney Kresier, Victoria—partial human skeleton, trade beads.
Mrs. O. M. Landsvik, Hernando Island—collection of artifacts.
W. McCarter, Victoria—human skull, glass bottle.
Michael Miller, Saanich—collection of artifacts.
D. H. Mitchell, Victoria—human skull fragments.
Russel Porter, Victoria—stone fish-hook shank.
Harry Romaniuk, Victoria—collection of artifacts.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Kamloops—partial human skeleton.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Port Alice—human skeletons.
Bill Ruttan, Victoria—stone hammer.
Mrs. B. E. D. Sawchuk, Victoria—collection of artifacts.
John Sendey, Victoria—collection of artifacts.
Jerry Shewchuck, Victoria—partial human skeleton, trade beads.
G. Sidders, Galiano Island—three stone anchors.
Mrs. E. Skrondal, Victoria—two stone bowls.
Neil Smith, Abbotsford—quartz crystal microblade, basketry fragments.
Mrs. G. B. H. Stevens, Port Washington—partial human skeleton.
Marriott Stillwell, Jr., Victoria—adze blade.
Evert van Adrichem, Brentwood Bay—partial human skeletons.
Jim Wallace, Ashcroft—human skull fragments.
O. N. Wells, Sardis—two human skulls.
Gordon Wright, Victoria—chert scraper fragment.
By the staff—
Collections from the Victoria, Clinton, Cache Creek, and Armstrong areas.
The Alan W. Ford Collection.—(Gift.)    Athapaskan baskets and spoons from
Bulkley River area.   Alan W. Ford, Victoria.
The W. D. Kinsey Collection.—(Gift.)    An important collection of Kwakiutl ceremonial material from Quatsino Sound.    W. D. Kinsey, Victoria.
By gift-
Mrs. L. C. Darbyshire, North Vancouver—Aleut basket.
Miss Olive Heritage, Victoria—three unspecified baskets.
Mrs. Helen Hunt, Victoria—lampshade painted by Mungo Martin, bundle of
cedar bark.
Harvey Kyllonen, Tacoma, Wash.—model Nootka canoe.
Miss J. Agnes McDonald, Vancouver—four Salish baskets.
R. H. Nichols, Victoria—Thompson salmon spear points.
F. L. Wille, Victoria—Songhees clam basket.
Mrs. A. G. Wilson, Victoria—Plains Indian catlinite pipe.
By purchase—
A. H. Jones, Sooke—Coast Salish bird rattle, D-adze.
P. Knox, Fort Rupert—silver bracelet, eagle design.
Miss J. A. McDonald, Vancouver—Chilcotin burden basket, Salish cradle
J. J. Timmiss, Victoria—argillite pole carved by Tom Hans.
Staff purchases (miscellaneous sources) —
Two iron trade kettles.
Three Nootka baskets.
One Nootka horn rattle.
One Nootka hawk headpiece.
Three Nootka wolf masks.
Two Tsimshian eagle-down bags.
Collection of Chinese trade buttons.
Collection of Kootenay material.
Collection of Shuswap material.
By exchange—
Mrs. Grace M. Bell, Victoria—one reel of tape containing duplicate recordings
of 11 bird songs plus frog chorus from original recorded in Okanagan
By gift-
Kim Beith, Victoria—one piece of slag.
G. L. Doman, Lone Butte—piece of volcanic ash.
Prof. C. W. Lowe, Victoria—seven pamphlets on wild rice and other foods for
George V. Wilkinson, Victoria—set of eight original slides showing life history
of the honeybee.
Proceeds from the Museum donation box during 1966, amounting to $161.45,
were turned over to the Mungo Martin Scholarship Fund.
EE 23
By Erik Thorn, Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C.
This list includes all available records of spiders from within the boundaries of
British Columbia up to the end of 1966. Specimens from this Museum's own small
collection (B.C.P.M. in the list which follows) have been very kindly identified by
Dr. Willis Gertsch, of the American Museum of Natural History (det. W.G.); by
my late friend Mr. Takasuma B. Kurata, of the Royal Ontario Museum (det. T.B.K.);
and by Dr. R. V. Chamberlin, of the University of Utah (det. R.V.C.). We are
also indebted to many persons who have presented specimens to us over the years,
supplementing staff collections, but particularly I wish to acknowledge the quite
large collection made by the late Mr. S. L. Neave, Kyuquot, which came to us in
1959. A number of remaining collections have been sorted over the past year,
and it is hoped that these may be submitted before long to experts.
However, many of the following records are compiled from existing published
sources. It is most interesting to compare the present list (212 species) with studies
made in Alaska (Chamberlin, 1947, records 247 species), in Washington (Worley,
1932; Exline, 1938; and others record about 190 species), and in Idaho and
Montana (Gertsch and Jellison, 1939; Levi and Levi, 1955; and others record at
least 125 species). Smaller lists from Banff and Jasper, Alberta (by Emerton
1920), and from Waterton (included in Levi and Levi, 1955) round out the eastern
periphery. Of all these, over 30 species are known from both Alaska and from
beyond our southern and eastern border which have not yet been recorded in British
No significant collections have been described from the Northern Interior of
this Province, nor from adjoining areas of Yukon, Mackenzie, or Alberta. The
family Micryphantida>, which generally represents 20 to 30 per cent of Canadian or
Alaskan collections, is little studied in British Columbia (only 13 species so far
recorded here out of over 100 Micryphantida; for the entire Pacific Northwest spider
fauna of all families, which is about 525 species). On the other hand, thanks to
recent intensive studies our list of Thomisida, Agelenida, Lycosidce, Salticidce, and
Araneida may well be fairly complete.
Antrodimtes pacificus (Simon).
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.), Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.), Triangle
Island (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.), Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Antrodicetes ?hageni Chamberlin.
Vaseux Lake (B.C.P.M., tentative det. E.T.).
Dysdera crocota (C. Koch) 1839.
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. E.T.).
Segestria pacifica Banks.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);  Departure Bay, Spences Bridge (Emerton
,,   r,        ., LEPTONETID^E
Usopla pacifica.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Theridion agrifoliaz Levi.
Tofino, Wellington (Levi 1957a).
Theridion aurantium Emerton.
Victoria (Emerton 1920).
Theridion californicum Banks.
Savary  Island,  Vancouver   (Emerton   1920);   Tofino,   Welington,   Sidney
(Levi 1957a).
Theridion differ ens Emerton.
Masset (Emerton 1920); Salmon Arm, Kaslo, Elko, Wellington (Levi 1957a).
Theridion frondeum Hentz.
Salmon Arm (Levi 1957a).
Theridion leechi Gertsch & Archer 1942, Am. Mus., Nov., 1171, pp. 8-9, p. 15,
Figs. 19, 20 (male only).
Salmon Arm (type locality, Gertsch & Archer 1942); Kaslo, Ainsworth (Levi
Theridion melanurum (Hahn).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Wellington, map shows vicinity of Victoria
(Levi 1957a).
Theridion montanum Emerton.
Kettle River at Vernon-Needles Road, Monashee Mountains (Levi 1957a).
Theridion murarium Emerton.
Masset (Emerton 1920); Kaslo, Wellington (Levi 1957a).
Theridion neomexicanum Banks.
Victoria (as T. placens Keyserling—synonym—Emerton 1920); Kaslo, Powder Creek, Snow Mountain, Cascade, Wellington (Levi 1957a).
Theridion ohlerti Thorell.
Field, Vancouver (Levi 1957a).
Theridion petrense Sorensen.
" Yoho 5,670 ft. under stones and talus above Ross Lake " (Levi 1957a).
Theridion saanichum Chamberlin & Ivie 1947, Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 37, No.  10,
Biol. Ser., Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 29-30, Fig. 16 (female only).
West side of Saanich Inlet (type locality)  and Sidney  (Chamberlin & Ivie
1947; Alert Bay and Wellington (Levi 1957a).
Theridion sexpunctatum Emerton.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Vancouver (Emerton 1920);  Yoho, Field,
Terrace, Prince Rupert, Vancouver, Alert Bay, Forbidden Plateau (4,000'),
Nanoose, Parksville, Cameron Lake, Tofino, Wellington, Sidney (Levi 1957a).
Theridion simile C. L. Koch.
Vancouver (Levi 1957a).
Theridion (Achazaranea) rupicola Emerton.
Victoria (Emerton 1920).
Theridion (Achazaranea) tepidariorum C. L. Koch.
Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Enoplognatha marmorata Hentz.
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);   Wellington, Victoria, Salmon Arm (Levi
EE 25
Crustulina sticta (O. P. Cambridge).
Departure Bay, Vanderhoof, Wellington (Levi 1957);   Departure Bay  (as
C. borealis Banks—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Euryopis limbata (Walckenaer).
" Rocky Mountains, lat. 49 to 52, J. B. Tyrrell, 1888 " (as E. funebris Hentz—
synonym—Emerton 1920).
Dipoena tibialis Banks.
Kaslo, Vancouver, Victoria (Emerton 1920).
Dipcena nigra (Emerton).
Map shows vicinity of Victoria, Vancouver, Kootenay Lake (Levi 1963).
Steatoda (Teutana) grossa (C. L. Koch).
Victoria (in lit. W.G. det., other specimens in B.C.P.M., det. E.T.).   Frequent
all-black specimens here are readily mistaken for black widows.
Steatoda americana (Emerton).
Map shows vicinity of Victoria (Levi 1957).
Steatoda albomaculata (de Geer).
Cascade, Mount Arrowsmith (Levi 1957);  Departure Bay (as Lithyphantes
corrolatus Linnaeus, Emerton 1920).
Steatoda hespera Chamberlin & Ivie.
Salmon Arm, Vernon (Levi 1957).
Steatoda borealis
Balfour (Emerton 1920).
Latrodectus Walckenaer) (Black Widow).
Correspondence during 1964 with Mr. Colin Curtis, research officer with the
Canada Department of Agriculture station at Kamloops, and with Dr. Willis Gertsch,
of the American Museum of Natural History, shows the possibility that two forms
of black widow may occur in British Columbia. Latrodectus curacaviensis Levi
1957, not Muller 1776, in northern United States is now regarded as a synonym of
the earlier L. mactans (Fabricius). However, current work by McCrone and others
suggests that a second form known as variolus Walckenaer may be present, the adult
female of which is distinguished in part by two discreet triangles of orange under the
abdomen in place of the complete orange hourglass typical of mactans. Following
is a list of localities represented in our collection with the disposition of spots on all
adult or near-adult females:—
8 adults—all black.
2 adults—a minute spot of orange.
7 adults—a small rectangle of orange.
2 immatures—a small rectangle of orange.
1 adult—a medium-sized triangle of orange.
Goldstream:  1 adult—a small rectangle of orange.
Malahat:  1 immature—all black.
Crofton:   1 adult—a medium-sized triangle of orange.
1 adult—all black.
3 adults—a small rectangle of orange.
2 immatures—a small rectangle of orange.
Powell River:  1 adult—a small rectangle of orange.
1 adult—a small triangle and an isolated small spot.
1 adult—a full hourglass pattern.
Other records of black widows in the province are Oliver, Coldstream, Trail
(Raht 1935); Kamloops, Cascade, Vernon, Vancouver, Wellington, Summerland,
"Gulf Islands," Douglas Lake Ranch near Nicola, and Lillooet (Spencer 1961).
Linyphia digna Keyserling.
Victoria, Kyuquot, and Union Island (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Vancouver (as
" L. diana," Emerton 1920).
Linyphia litigiosa Keyserling.
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Helophora reducta Keyserling.
Masset, Metlakatla (as Linyphia r. Keyserling—synonym—Worley 1932).
Frontinella pyramitela (Walckenaer).
Creston (as Linyphia communis Hentz—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Pityohyphantes costatus (Hentz).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Vancouver, Nelson (as L. phrygiana C. L.
Koch in Emerton 1920—typically a European form but possibly a prior synonym of the American costatus).
Pityohyphantes subarctica Chamberlin & Ivie.
Manning Park (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.);  see L. phrygiana under P. costatus
Pityohyphantes vancouveranus Chamberlin & Ivie 1942, Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 32,
No. 13, Biol. Ser. 7, No. 1, p. 59, Fig. 146 (male only).
Cameron Lake (type locality, Chamberlin & Ivie 1942).
Pimoa altioculata (Keyserling).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Metlakatla, Departure Bay (as Labulla a.
Keyserling — synonym — Emerton 1920);   Nanaimo, Sidney, Port Alberni
(Chamberlin & Ivie 1943).
Bathyphantes keenii (Emerton), Diplostyla keenii Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent., Vol.
49, p. 267, Fig. 19 (1,2,7).
Metlakatla (type locality, Emerton 1917), Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det W.G.).
Bathyphantes brevipes (Emerton), Diplostyla brevipes Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent.,
Vol. 49, p. 267, Fig. 19 (3, 4, 8).
Metlakatla (type locality, Emerton 1917).
Bathyphantes alboventris (Banks).
Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Bathyphantes magnificus Chamberlin & Ivie 1942, Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 33, No. 10,
Biol. Ser. 7, No. 6, p. 23, PI. 5, Fig. 44 (female only).
Cameron Lake (type locality, Chamberlin & Ivie 1942).
Arcuphantes arcuatus (Keyserling).
Parksville (Chamberlin & Ivie 1943).
Microneta pallida Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent., Vol. 49, pp. 265-266, Fig.  17
Departure Bay (type locality, Emerton 1917).
Microneta orcina Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent., Vol. 49, p. 266, Fig. 18 (1, 2, 3)
(male only).
Inverness (type locality, Emerton 1917).
Lepthyphantes arboreus (Emerton).
" Yoho Valley up to 7,000 ft. on spruce trees " (Emerton 1920).
Lephyphantes fructuosa Keyserling.
Vancouver (type locality of synonym):   Bathyphantes occidentalis Emerton
1915, Trans-Conn. Acad. Sci., Vol. 20, p. 151 (vide Zorsch 1937).
EE 27
Linyphantes victoria Chamberlin & Ivie 1942, Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 32, No. 13,
Biol. Ser. 7, No. 1, pp. 50-51, Figs. 122, 123.
Victoria (type locality Chamberlin & Ivie 1942).
Linyphantes pualla Chamberlin & Ivie.
Sidney (Chamberlin & Ivie 1942).
Montileira ksenia Crosby & Bishop.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Catabrithorax perplexus (Keyserling).
" British Columbia " (Worley 1932).
Spirembolus vasingtonus Chamberlin.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Microlinyphia dana Chamberlin & Ivie.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Lophocarenum rotundum Emerton 1925, Canad. Ent., Vol. 57, p. 67, Fig. 3a, b.
Terrace (type locality, Emerton 1925).
Lophocarenum erectum Emerton.
" Yoho Valley, B.C., moss in woods near Tackakaw Falls " (Emerton 1920).
Pelecopsis sculptum (Emerton) as Lophocarenum sculptum Emerton 1917, Canad.
Ent, Vol. 49, pp. 261-262, Fig. 12 (1-6).
Metlakatla (type locality, Emerton 1917).
Arazoncus patellatus Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent., Vol. 49, p. 262, Fig. 13 (1-3).
Metlakatla (type locality, Emerton 1917).
Ceraticelusatriceps (O. P. Cambridge).
Field (Emerton 1920).
Ceratinopsis entypa Chamberlin.
Parksville, Sidney (Chamberlin 1948).
Lophomma Columbia Chamberlin 1948, Ann. Ent. Soc. Am., Vol. 41, pp. 533-534
and p. 502, Figs. 71-76 (male and female).
West side Saanich Inlet (type locality) and Cameron Lake (Chamberlin 1948).
Tachygyna sima Chamberlin 1948, Ann. Ent. Soc. Am., Vol. 41, p. 521 and p. 549,
Figs. 137-8 (female only).
Sidney (type locality, Chamberlin 1948).
Zornella cultrigera (L. Koch).
"Vancouver Island" (as Gongylidium armatus (Banks)—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Tetragnatha seneca Seeley.
Manning Park (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.).
Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz.
Manning  Park   and  Triangle  Island   (B.C.P.M.,   det.   T.B.K.),   Kyuquot
(B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Tetragnatha versicolor Walckenaer.
Kyuquot and Union Island (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
ARANEIDjE—Orb Weavers
Araneasolitaria (Emerton).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Salmon Arm (Archer 1951); Hope, Victoria (as A. angulatus Clerck but probably the above species, B.C.P.M., det.
R.V.C.), Glacier, Vancouver, and Creston (as Epeira angulatus Clerck but
"including E. nigra Em. 1894, E. silvatica and E. solitaria Em. 1884,"
Emerton 1920). (Note.—according to Archer 1951, A. angulata (of
Emerton 1909) was a valid new species of western North America and was
described by Archer as A. andrewsi. He disagreed with Kaston 1948 and
others, and regarded silvatica, nigra, and solitaria each as valid species. Chamberlin 1947 regards silvatica valid for Alaska.)
Aranea nordmanni (Thorell).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.), Wellington (Worley 1932).
Araneaaculeata (Emerton).
Victoria (Worley 1932).
Araneadiadema (Clerck).
Common on Vancouver Island and other parts of British Columbia (Worley
1932); Manning Park (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.).
"Aranea carbonaria L. Koch."
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.); these are old determinations, which should
perhaps refer to another species such as A. veraz Chamberlin & Ivie (1942).
True European carbonaria is said to be an alpine species unlikely to be
Araneus gemmoides Chamberlin & Ivie.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); "British Columbia" (Chamberlin & Ivie
Araneus gemmus (McCook), possibly as used here a synonym of gemmoides.
Tranquille (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.); Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.); Balfour, Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Epeira patagiata (Clerck).
Manning Park (as Aranea dumetorum Villers — synonym — B.C.P.M., det.
T.B.K.); Kyuquot (as A. dumetorum, B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Victoria (Worley 1932); Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.); Vancouver, Metlakatla (Emerton 1920).
Epeira marmorea (Clerck).
Manning Park (as Araneus raji Scopuli—synonym—B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.);
Creston, Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Epeira sericata (Clerck).
Okanagan Landing (Emerton 1920).
Epeira trifolium Hentz.
Saanich; Victoria (as Araneus trifolium (Hentz)—synonym—B.C.P.M., det.
R.V.C.); Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.);  Victoria (Emerton 1920).
Argiope trifasciata (Forskal).
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. G. Hardy). This species has also been photographed
at Osoyoos by Mr. A. E. Underhill, of Victoria.
Araniella displicata (Hentz).
Manning Park (as Araneus d. (Hentz), B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.), Vancouver
(as Epeira d. (Hentz) Emerton 1920).
Meta curtisi (McCook).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.), Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
EE 29
Zygiella dispar (Kulczynski).
Kyuquot (as Z. montana (C. L. Koch), B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Kyuquot,
Terrace, Ocean Falls, Wellington, Mount Benson (Gertsch 1964).
Zygiella x-notata (Clerck).
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Metlakatla (as Z. californica (Banks) considered a synonym (Worley 1932)); Vancouver, Wellington (Gertsch 1964);
Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Zygiella nearctica Gertsch.
Metlakatla (Gertsch 1964, but this is shown as Z. dispar on map on page 5).
Zygiella atrica (C. L. Koch).
Vancouver (Gertsch 1964).
Cyclosa conica Pallas.
Creston, Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Tegenaria larva Simon.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Tegenaria gigantea Chamberlin & Ivie 1935, Bull. U. Utah 26 (2), Biol. Ser. II
(1), p. 31, PL XIII, Fig. 106 (male only).
" Vancouver Island, M. Kermode 1929 " (type locality) and Sidney (allotype
andparatypes) (Chamberlin & Ivie 1935), Nanaimo (Exline 1938), Victoria
(B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.).
Tegenaria domestica Clerck.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.), Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.), Departure
Bay (Emerton 1920).
Ethobuella cinctipes (Banks).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Agelena oregonensis Chamberlin & Ivie.
West side of Saanich Inlet (Chamberlin 1941).
Agelena actuosa Gertsch & Ivie.
Goldstream  (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.);   west side of Saanich Inlet,  Sidney
(Chamberlin 1941).
Cybazota vancouverana Chamberlin & Ivie 1937, Ann. Ent. Soc. Am., pp. 228-
229, PI. 11, Figs. 81-82.
Sidney (type locality, Chamberlin & Ivie 1937), Kyuquot  (B.C.P.M., det.
Blabomma grandis Chamberlin & Ivie.
" British Columbia " (Exline 1938).
Cybazus reticulatus Simon.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Cybazus morosus Simon.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Departure Bay, Illocet (Emerton 1920);
specimens from " British Columbia " compared with material identified by
Simon (Chamberlin & Ivie 1932).
Cybazus signifer Simon.
Victoria, Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.).
Cybazina minuta Banks.
Victoria and Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Cicurina simplex Simon.
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920);  Cameron Lake, Sidney, probably north to
55°, west of 112° (Chamberlin & Ivie 1940).
Cicurina tersa Simon.
Campbell River (Exline 1936), Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Cicurina idahoana R. V. Chamberlin.
" British Columbia, (collection of) American Museum of Natural History "
(Exline 1936); north to 50°, west of 100°, British Columbia at 49° x 123°
(Chamberlin & Ivie 1940).
Cryphceca montana Emerton.
Field (Emerton 1920).
Calymmaria emertoni (Simon).
Departure Bay (as Tegenaria californica Banks, Emerton 1920);   "probably
north to British Columbia west of the Cascades " (Chamberlin & Ivie 1937).
Melocosa fumosa (Emerton).
Paradise mine, 9,000' elevation (as Lycosa f. Emerton—synonym—B.C.P.M.,
Dolomedes tenebrosus Hertz.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Lycosa helluo Walckenaer.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Trochosa pratensis (Emerton).
Comox, Metlakatla (as Lycosa pratensis Emerton (Gertsch 1934)).
Pirata piratica (Olivier).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Pardosa atra Banks.
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Pardosa tristis (Thorell).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Pardosa mackenziana Keyserling.
Paradise mine, 9,000' elevation (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.); Kyuquot (as P. un-
cata Thorell—synonym—B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Pardosa sternalis (Thorell).   Synonym: Pardosa vancouveri Emerton 1917, Canad.
Ent., Vol. 49, pp. 268-269, Fig. 20 (1, 2) (female), and Emerton 1919,
Canad. Ent., Vol. 51, p. 106, PL 7, Fig. 6 (male).
Departure Bay (type locality of vancouveri (Emerton 1917)); Vancouver (as
vancouveri Emerton 1917); Lytton (as vancouveri Emerton 1919); Kyuquot
(as sternalis, B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Pardosa metlakatla Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent., Vol. 49, p. 268, Fig. 20 (3, 4).
Metlakatla (type locality, Emerton 1917), mountains north of Vancouver
(Emerton 1917), Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Pardosa grcenlandica Thorell.
Vancouver Island, Penticton, " Laggan (Lake Louise, Alberta) and Rocky
Mountains south to Colorado" (Emerton 1920); Paradise mine, 9,000' elevation (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K., as P. albomaculata Emerton—synonym).
EE 31
Pardosa tesquorum (Odenwall).
" Spray River, B.C., 4 July, 1914, Sanson " (Gertsch 1934, but the Spray
River, Banff Park, Alberta, does not enter British Columbia and the record
probably is not truly of our Province).
Tarentula kochi Keyserling.
Goldstream (B.C.P.M., det. ? ), Metchosin (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.), Departure Bay (as Lycosa brunneiventris Banks—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Arctosa alpigena (Doleschal).
"Yoho Valley Camp 8,000 feet," "mountains north of Vancouver" (as
Lycosa albohastata Emerton—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Oxyopes rufipes Banks.
Vancouver, Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Gnaphosa brumalis Thorell.
Paradise mine, 9,000' elevation (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.).
Gnaphosa gigantea (Keyserling).
Goldstream (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.);   "Rockies in British Columbia" (as
G. conspersa—synonym—Emerton 1902).
Drassodes vastus Banks.
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Drassodes neglectus (Keyserling).
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920).
Haplodrassus signifer (C. L. Koch).
Victoria (Worley 1932), Departure Bay (as Drassodes robustus Emerton—
synonym—Emerton 1920), Vancouver Island (as Drassus troglodytes C. L.
Koch—synonym—Emerton 1921).
Zelotes (Drassyllus) depressus Emerton.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Zelotes subterraneus (C. L. Koch).
Victoria (Worley 1932), Departure Bay (as Z. ater (Hentz)—synonym—
Emerton 1920).
Callilepis imbecilla Westring.
Departure Bay (Emerton 1920);   Savary Island, Vancouver  (as C. pluto
Banks—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Pazcilochroa montana Emerton.
Goldstream (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.).
Pazcilochroa columbiana Emerton 1917, Canad. Ent., Vol. 49, pp. 269-270, Fig.
Departure Bay (type locality, Emerton 1917).
Clubiona canadensis Emerton.
Clubiona canadensis pacifica (Banks). If this is a valid race, no attempt has been
made to define its range. Treated as a synonym by Edwards 1958.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Triangle Island, Sartine Island (B.C.P.M.,
det. T.B.K.); Wellington, Vancouver, Kaslo, Kaslo Creek, Bear Lake, Glacier,
Balfour, Ainsworth, Metlakatla (Edwards 1958); Departure Bay (Emerton
Clubiona trivialis C. L. Koch.
Manning Park, Yoho Park (Edwards 1958).
Clubiona kastoni Gertsch.
Wellington (Edwards 1958).
Castianeira pacifica (Banks).
Agassiz, Sayary Island, Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Chiracanthium inclusum (Hentz).
Chase (Emerton 1920).
Phrurotimpus borealis (Emerton).
Departure Bay (as Phrurolithus b. Em. in Emerton 1920).
Phrurolithus pugnatus Emerton.
Kaslo (Emerton 1920).
Micaria pulicaria (Sundevall).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Anyphazna aperta (Banks).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Anyphazna ruens Chamberlin.
Victoria (Bryant 1931).
Anyphazna pacifica (Banks).
Departure Bay (as Gayenna p. Banks—synonym—in Emerton 1920).
THOMISID^—Crab Spiders
Misumena vatia Clerck.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);  Terrace, Okanagan Falls, Princeton, Metlakatla (Gertsch 1939).
Misumenops asperatus (Hentz).
Vernon (Gertsch 1939).
Misumenops celer (Hentz).
Victoria (Worley 1932); Victoria, Fairview (Gertsch 1939).
Misumenoides formosipes (Walckenaer).
Manning Park (as Misumenoides aleatorius (Hentz)—synonym—B.C.P.M.,
det. T.B.K.), Victoria as M. aleatorius Gertsch 1939).
Tibellusoblongus (Walckenaer).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det W:G.).
Coriarachne brunneipes Banks.
Victoria (Worley 1932); Wellington, William Head (Gertsch 1953).
Coriarachne utahensis Gertsch.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Cawston, Cultus, Wellington, Kelowna, Fort
Nelson (Gertsch 1953);  Terrace, Kaslo (Gertsch 1939);  Creston (as "C.
versicolor Keys."   Emerton 1920, error, vide Gertsch 1939).
Xysticus gulosus Keyserling.
Fountain Valley near Lillooet, Hermead, Cawston, Keremeos, Victoria (Turn-
bull era/. 1965).
Xysticus discursans Keyserling.
Cawston, Hedley, Okanagan Falls, Yoho Park (Turnbull et al. 1965); Kaslo
(Gertsch 1939, 1953).
Xysticus triguttatus Keyserling.
Summit Lake, also Field (paratype of X. fervidus Gertsch)  (Turnbull et al.
Xysticus pretiosus Gertsch.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Terrace (Gertsch 1934, 1939); Departure
Bay, Lytton (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus ferox (Hentz).
Summit Lake at 4,510' elevation (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus gertschi Schick. ..-   ',
Departure Bay, Cawston, 16 miles east of Lytton, Spences Bridge, Cache Creek,
Kamloops (Turnbull etal. 1965).
Xysticus cunctator Thorell.
Wellington, Departure Bay, Victoria, Oyster River, Fountain Valley near Lillooet, 16 miles east of Lytton, 11 miles west of Hedley, Rock Creek (Turnbull
et al. 1965; see also under X. californicus).
" Xysticus californicus Keyserling."
Reported from Victoria, Grouse Mountain at 1,700' (Emerton 1920), but
probably these refer to X. cunctator. Turnbull et al. 1965, however, write of
californicus " possibly north to Washington and southern British Columbia."
Xysticus montanensis Keyserling.
Wellington, Comox, Cawston, Oliver, Kaslo (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus punctatus Keyserling.
Fountain Valley near Lillooet, Lillooet, Fort Nelson, Kaslo, 28 miles north of
Radium Hot Springs, Fairmont Hot Springs (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus luctuosus (Blackwall).
Summit Lake, Fort Nelson, Sardis, Agassiz, Fountain Valley near Lillooet, 10
miles north of Hope, Chase, 20 miles west of Golden (Turnbull et al. 1965);
Hope, Fort Nelson (as X. lutulentus Gertsch, in Gertsch 1953).
Xysticus canadensis Gertsch.
Takla Landing (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus gosiutus Gertsch.
Wellington, Departure Bay (Turnbull et al. 1965, who believe records from
Okanagan Falls and Cawston in Gertsch 1939 and 1953 represent locuples).
Xysticus locuples Keyserling.
Wellington, Departure Bay, North Vancouver, Cultus Lake, Fountain Valley
near Lillooet, Clinton, Cawston, Okanagan Falls (Turnbull et al. 1965, including malkini Gertsch 1953 from Wellington).
Xysticus elegans Keyserling.
Seton Creek and Fountain Valley, both near Lillooet (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus emertoni Keyserling.
Okanagan Falls, Summit Lake (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus obscurus Collett.
Summit Lake, Liard Hot Springs (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus benefactor Keyserling.
Cawston, 20 miles north of Hope, east entrance of Manning Park, Osoyoos, 5
miles west of Oliver, 20 miles west of Golden (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus durus (Soerensen).
Summit Lake (Turnbull et al. 1965).
Xysticus leechi Turnbull, Dondale & Redner 1965, Can. Ent, Vol. 97, p. 1261,
Figs. 155, 158 (female only).
Mount St. Paul at Mile 392 of the Alaska Highway, B.C. (type locality Turn-
bull et al. 1965).
Xysticus triangulosus Emerton.
Atlin, Summit Lake, Fountain Valley near Lillooet, 10 miles north of Hope
(Turnbull et al. 1965).
"Synema obscurum Keyserling" Gertsch 1939 (not X. obscurus Collett).
An immature recorded from Metlakatla (Gertsch 1939).   This name is now
a synonym of Xysticus ellipticus Turnbull et al. 1965, who maintain that the
specimen from Metlakatla is misidentified in any case.
Oxyptila pacifica Banks.
Masset, Metlakatla (Worley 1932); Terrace (Gertsch 1939).
Oxyptila conspurcata Thorell.
Metlakatla (Emerton 1920).
Thanatus striatus C. L. Koch.
Comox (Dondale et al. 1964).
Thanatus coloradensis Keyserling.
Osoyoos (Dondale et al. 1964).
Thanatus formicinus (Clerck).
Wellington, Kamloops (Dondale et al. 1964);   Penticton (as T. lycosoides
Em.—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Thanatus arcticus Thorell.
Summit Lake (Dondale et al. 1964).
Philodromus rufus Walckenaer.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Philodromus pernix Blackwall.
Cawston (Dondale 1961).
Philodromus spectabilis Keyserling.
Masset, Vassant, Wellington, Mount Benson (3,300'), Lillooet, Cascade (Don-
dale 1961).
Philodromus cespiticolis Walckenaer.
Osoyoos, Fairview, Okanagan Falls, Penticton, Fountain Valley near Lillooet,
" Columbia, 2,800' elevation."
SALTICIDiE—Jumping Spiders
Salticus scenicus (Clerck).
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);  Vancouver, Lytton (Emerton 1920).
Evarcha hoyi (Peckham).
Kyuquot, Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); Metlakatla (Worley 1932); Manning Park (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.); Victoria (Peckham 1909).
Pellenes americanus (Keyserling).
Victoria (Worley 1932).
Pellenes jucundus Peckham.
Glacier (Peckham 1909).
Pellenes laggani Peckham 1909, Trans. Wise. Acad. Sci. Vol. 16, p. 560.
Glacier, which is mentioned before Laggan as if it was the type locality (Peckham 1909); Victoria (Worley 1932).
Pellenes oregonensis (Peckham).
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Metaphidippus californica (Peckham).
Kyuquot, Victoria (as Marpissa c. (Peckham), B.C.P.M., det. W.G.); " British Columbia" (Worley 1932); Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.).
EE 35
Phidippus johnsoni (Peckham).
Vancouver, Victoria (Emerton 1920); "Queen Charlotte Island" (Worley
1932); Victoria, Duncan (Peckham 1909).
Phidippus formosus (Peckham).
Victoria (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.), Mill Bay (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.).
Phidippus montivagus Peckham.
According to the Peckhams 1909, this form is a synonym of their own species
P. tyrellii. If this is true, montivagus (page 293, PL 24, Figs. 3, 3a) has
page priority and would be the valid name, unless albulatus F. Cambridge can
be shown to have even earlier validity. Both these synonyms are accepted
without comment in Banks 1910 and Petrunkevitch 1911. Of P. tyrellii Peckham 1901 (Trans. Wise. Acad. Sc, Arts & Lett., Vol. 13, pp. 296-297, PL
24, Fig. 4, male only), the origin is stated to be "Canadian Rocky Mountains, J. B. Tyrrell"; J. B. Tyrrell was engaged in surveying the southern
British Columbia-Alberta Border during the summer of 1883, and the specimen
was probably taken then.
Metaphidippus insignis Emerton.
Manning Park (B.C.P.M., det. T.B.K.); Glacier (as Dendryphantes montanus
Emerton—synonym—in Emerton 1920).
Metaphidippus protervus (Walckenaer).
Chase (as Dendryphantes azstivalisPeckham—synonym—Emerton 1920).
Metaphidippusazneolus (Curtis).
Masset (as Dendryphantes a. Worley 1932).
Metaphidippus imperialis (Peckham).
As Dendryphantes imperialis (Peckham), Savary Island, Vancouver (Emerton 1920).
Dendryphantes guttatus Banks.
Victoria (Worley 1932).
Sitticuspalustris (Peckham).
" British Columbia" (as Sittacus p. (Peck.) Worley 1932).
Sitticus ranieri (Peckham 1909), Trans. Wise. Acad. Sc, Arts & Lett., Vol. 16, pp.
520-521, PL 43, Figs. 5, 5c (male only).
Glacier, Yoho (Emerton 1920).   The Peckhams mentioned their male of this
species from Glacier as if it was the type.
Neon reticulatus Blackwall.
Terrace, Wellington (Gertsch & Ivie 1955); ?" Canadian Rockies " (as Neon
nelli Peckham 1909).
lcius similis Banks.
Victoria (Peckham 1909, Emerton 1920).
Hyptiotes gertschi Chamberlin & Ivie.
Map shows records from the vicinity of Victoria, Kyuquot, Nanaimo, and
Kamloops (Muma & Gertsch 1964); Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Dictyna major Menge.
Map shows records from vicinity of Victoria, Vancouver, Lytton (Chamberlin
& Gertsch 1958).
Dictyna peragrata Bishop & Ruderman.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);   Forbidden Plateau  (4,000');   also map
shows records from vicinity of Hope, Kootenay Lake, and Fernie (Chamberlin
& Gertsch 1958). ' •■.;.'
Dictyna olympiana Chamberlin.
Wellington (Chamberlin & Gertsch 1958).
Dictyna sublata Hentz.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Dictyna minuta Emerton.
Vernon, Kelowna, and Salmon Arm (Chamberlin & Gertsch 1958);
Dictyna annulipes Blackwall.
Salmon Arm, also map shows records from vicinity of Victoria and Howe Sound
(Chamberlin & Gertsch 1958).
Tricholathys spiralis Chamberlin & Ivie.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.).
Callobius severus.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);   Victoria (as Amaurabius s.—synonym—
B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.);  Cameron Lake, Sidney, Nanaimo, Departure Bay
(Chamberlin 1947).
Callobius pictus.
Kyuquot (B.C.P.M., det. W.G.);  Florence Lake (B.C.P.M., det. R.V.C.);
Departure Bay, Metlakatla (as Amaurabius p. Emerton 1920);  Sidney, Port
Alberni, Cameron Lake, Florence Lake, Departure Bay (Chamberlin 1947).
Callobius canada Chamberlin & Ivie 1947, Am. Ent. Soc. Ann. 40, p. 36, Figs.
28, 34.
Salmon Arm (type locality, Chamberlin & Ivie 1947).
Titanceca americana Emerton.
Lytton (Emerton 1920).
Archer, A. F.
1951.   Studies in Spiders Argiopidaz.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 1487.
Bryant, E.
1931. American Anyphazninaz.   Psyche, Vol. 38, pp. 102-126.
Carl, G. C, and Hardy, G. A.
1945.   Flora and Fauna of Paradise Mine.   Ann. Report B.C. Prov. Museum
for 1944.
Carl, G. C; Guiguet, C. J.; and Hardy, G. A.
1951. Biology of Scott Island Group.   Ann. Report B.C. Prov. Museum for
1952. Natural History of Manning Park.   Occ. Paper 9, B.C. Prov. Museum.
Chamberlin, R. V.
1941.   Some Agelenidaz.   Ann. Ent. Soc. Am., Vol. 34, pp. 585-628.
1948.   Some American Erigonidaz.   Ann. Ent. Soc. Am., Vol. 41.
Chamberlin, R. V., and Ivie, W.
1932. North American Spiders Cybazus and Cybazina.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol.
23, No. 2.
1935.   Miscellaneous New American Spiders.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 26, No. 4.
1937.   New Agelenidaz.   Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. Vol. 30.
1940.    The Genus Cicurina.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 30, No. 18, Biol. Ser. 5,
No. 9.
Chamberlin, R. V., and Ivie, W.
1942. New Spiders.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 32, No. 13, Biol. Ser. 7, No. 6.
1943. American Linyphiidaz.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 33, No. 10, Biol. Ser. 7,
No. 6.
1947a.    Spiders of Alaska.    Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 37, No. 10, Biol. Ser. 10,
No. 3.
1947b.   North American Amaurobiidaz.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 38, No. 8, Biol.
Ser. 10, No. 8.
1948.   New American Dictynidaz.   Bull. U. Utah, Vol. 38, No. 15, Biol. Ser.
10, No. 6.
Chamberlin, R. V., and Gertsch, W.
1958.    Spider Family Dictynidaz in America.    Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist,
Vol. 116, pp. 1-152.
Dondale, C.
1961. Revision of aureolus Group of Philodromus.   Canad. Ent., Vol. 93, pp.
Dondale, C; Turnbull, A.; and Redner, J.
1964.   Revision of Nearctic—Thanatus.   Canad. Ent., Vol. 96, pp. 636-656.
Edwards, R. J.
1958.   Clubioninaz of United States, Canada, and Alaska.   Bull.   Mus. Comp.
Zool. Harvard, Vol. 118, No. 6.
Emerton, J. H.
1882.   New England Spiders of the Family Therididaz.   Trans. Conn. Acad.
Sc, Vol. 6, p. 54.
1894.   Canadian Spiders.   Trans. Conn. Acad. Sc, Vol. 9, pp. 400-429.
1915.   Spiders from New England.   Trans. Conn. Acad. Sc, Vol. 20, pp. 133-
1917.   New Spiders from Canada.   Canad. Ent., Vol. 49, pp. 261-272.
1920. Catalogue of Spiders of Canada.   Trans. Roy. Can. Inst., Vol. 12, pp.
1921. Canadian and Arctic Spiders.   Psyche, Vol. 28, pp. 165-169.
1925. New Spiders from Canada.   Canad. Ent., Vol. 57, pp 65-69.
1926. New Spiders from Canada.   Canad. Ent, Vol. 58, pp. 115-118.
Exline, H.
1936.   Nearctic Spiders—genus Cicurina.    Amer. Mus. Nov. 850.
1938. Agelenida: and Hahniidaz (of Washington).    Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol.,
Vol. 9, No. l,pp. 1-44.
Gertsch, W. J.
1934a.   Notes on American Spiders (Lycosidaz).   Amer. Mus. Nov. 693.
1934b.   Notes on American Spiders (Thomisidaz).   Amer. Mus. Nov. 707.
1934c   Notes on American Spiders.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 726.
1964.   Spider Genus Zygiella in North America.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 2188.
Gertsch, W. J., and Ivie, W.
1955.   The Genus Neon.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 1743.
Gertsch, W. J., and Archer, A. F.
1942.   New American Theridiidaz.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 1171.
Gertsch, W. J., and Jellison, W.
1939. A Collection of Spiders from Montana.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 1032.
Kaston, B.
1948.    Spiders of Connecticut.    Conn. State Geol. and Nat. Hist. Survey,
Bull. 70.
Kermode, F.
1935.   Accessions; Arachnida.   Ann. Rep. B.C. Prov. Museum for 1934.
Levi, H. W.
1951.   New and Rare Spiders from Wisconsin.   Amer. Mus. Nov. 1501.
1957a.   Spider Genera Enoplognatha, Theridion, Paidisca.   Bull. Amer. Mus.
Nat Hist, Vol. 112, pp. 1-123.
1957b.   Spider Genera Crustulina and Steatoda in North America.   Bull. Mus.
Comp. Zool. Harvard, Vol. 117, No. 3.
1959.    The Genus Latrodectus.    Trans. Amer. Microscopic Soc, Vol. 78,
pp. 7-43.
1963. American Spiders of the Genera Audifia, Euryopis, Dipcena. Bull. Mus.
Comp. Zool.   Harvard, Vol. 129, No. 2.
Levi, H. W., and Levi, L.
1955.   Spiders from Glacier Park (Montana). Can. Field Nat., Vol. 69 (2),
p. 39.
McCrone, J. D., and Levi, H. W.
1964. Latrodectus in North America.   Psyche, Vol. 71, pp 12-27.
Muma, M. H., and Gertsch, W. J.
1964. The Spider Family Uloboridaz in North America, North of Mexico.
Amer. Mus. Nov. 2196.
Peckham, G., and Peckham, E.
1909.   Revision of/4mVte of North America.   Trans. Wise Acad. Sc, Vol. 16,
pp. 355-646.
Raht, K.
1935.   Black Widow Spider.   Ann. Rep. B.C. Prov. Museum for 1934, p. 13.
Spencer, G.
1961.   Identity of Black Widow Spider in British Columbia.   Proc Ent. Soc.
B.C., Vol. 58, p. 36.
Turnbull, A.; Dondale, C; and Radner, J.
1965. Genus Xysticus in Canada.   Canad. Ent., Vol. 97, pp. 1233-1280.
Worley, L. G.
1932.   Spiders of Washington.   Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol., Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.
Zorsch, H.
1937.   Lepthyphantes.   Amer. Midi. Nat., Vol. 18, p. 885.
EE 39
  49° 43' 116°
Amos Island  50° 01' 127°
Balfour   49° 35' 116 =
Bear Lake (probably one near Kaslo).
Mount Benson  49° 10' 124°
Bunsby Islands  50° 05' 127°
Cameron Lake  49° 18' 124°
Cascade   49° 01' 118°
(There is a
Cascade at 49 °
Chase  50°
Coldstream  50°
Crofton  48°
Cultus (Lake)  49°
Departure Bay   49°
Elko  49°
Fairmont Hotsprings   50°
Fairview   49°
Florence Lake  48°
Glacier  51
Goldstream   48
Grouse Mountain   49
likely location called
122° 15'.)
  49° 11'    119° 45'
49' 119° 42'
13' 119° 10'
51' 123° 39'
01' 122° 00'
13' 123° 56'
17' 115° 12'
20' 115° 56'
11' 119° 39'
28' 123° 31'
15' 117° 30'
27' 123° 33'
28' 123° 20'
120° 04'
Hedley   49
Hermead (not found).
Hunter Island   52° 00'
Illocet (not found).
Kamil Island  50° 00'
Keremeos  49° 13'
128° 00'
Kettle River 49° to 50°
Laggan (although this name covers a C.P.R.
track subdivision from Brickburn (Alberta)
to Field (British Columbia) it is also the
old name for Lake Louise Station (Alberta), and I believe that spiders described
from " Laggan" by the Peckhams and by
Emerton were really from Alberta, notwithstanding the expression " Laggan, British Columbia," used by various authors).
Liard Hotsprings  59° 27'    126° 05'
Malahat  48° 35'    123° 18'
Metlakatla   54° 22'    130° 28'
(There  is  also  Metlakatla  nearby  in
Alaska which was visited by the Harrington expedition.)
Neaves Island	
Okanagan Falls
Oyster River	
Paradise Mine ...
Powell River	
Rock Creek (at least eight localities by this
name in the Province; possibly this is the
one near Grand Forks).
Saanich Inlet  48° 35'    123° 20'
Savary Island  49° 57'    124° 55'
Sartine Island   50° 00'    128° 55'
Mount St. Paul  58° 40'    124° 45'
Spray River (runs from the height of land
(the interprovincial border) into Banff
Park, Alberta;  not in British Columbia).
Spider Island   51° 50'    128° 10'
Squamish  49°
Tranquille   50°
Triangle Island   50°
Union Island  50°
Vaseux (Vaseaux) Lake . 49°
Vassant (not found).
Wellington  49°
William Head  48°
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.


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