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Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT for the Year Ended… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1967

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Full Text

 Minister of Mines and
Petroleum Resources
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
for the Year Ended December 31
1965
4
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1966
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. Donald L. Brothers, Minister.
P. J. Mulcahy, Deputy Minister.
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector of Mines.
S. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
Hartley Sargent, Chief, Mineralogical Branch.
K. B. Blakey, Chief Gold Commissioner and Chief Commissioner,
Petroleum and Natural Gas.
J. D. Lineham, Chief, Petroleum and Natural Gas Conservation Branch.
 Major-General the Honourable George Randolph Pearkes,
V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.,
Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mineral Industry of the Province for the year 1965
is herewith respectfully submitted.
DONALD L. BROTHERS,
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources Office,
March 31, 1966.
  CONTENTS
Page
Introduction     A 9
Review of the Mineral Industry  A 10
Statistics—
Co-operation with Dominion Bureau of Statistics   A 14
Methods of Computing Production  A 14
Notes on Products  A 16
Table I.—Mineral Production — Total to Date, Latest Decade, and
Latest Year  A 21
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1965  A 22
Table III.—Quantity and Value of Mineral Products for Years 1956
to 1965  A 24
Table IV (Graph).—Mineral Production of British Columbia—Value,
1836-1965  A 26
Table V (Graph).—Mineral Production of British Columbia—Quantity,
1836-1965  A 27
Table VI.—Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc, 1858-
1965  A 28
Table VIIa.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Summary r  A 30
Table VIIb.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc   A 32
Table VIIc.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Miscellaneous Metals  A 34
Table VIId.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Industrial Minerals  A 38
Table VIIe.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total to Date by Mining
Divisions—Structural Materials  A 40
Table VIIIa.—Quantity and Value of Coal per Year to Date   A 42
Table VIIIb.—Quantity and Value of Coal Sold and Used   A 43
Table IX.—Coke and By-products for Years  1895 to  1925  and by
Years 1926 to 1965  A 44
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1965  A 45
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for Operations
of All Classes  A 49
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry,
1901-65  A 50
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and
Gross Value, 1901-65  A 51
Table XIV.—Lode-metal Production in 1965  A 52
Table XV.—Lode-metal Operations' Employment during 1965  A 57
A 5
 A 6 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Page
Departmental Work  A 58
Administration Branch  A 58
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)  A 58
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province _ A 59
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics, 1965__ A 60
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas  A 61
Analytical and Assay Branch  A 62
Inspection Branch  A 64
Mineralogical Branch  A 65
Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch  A 67
Grub-staking Prospectors  A 69
Mining Roads and Trails  A 75
Museums  A 76
Rock and Mineral Specimens  A 76
Publications  A 76
Maps Showing Mineral Claims, Placer Claims, and Placer-mining Leases A 76
Offices of the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources and the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys,
Canada  A 77
Topographic Mapping and Air Photography  A 78
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys  A 79
Geological Survey of Canada  A 79
Field Work by the Geological Survey in British Columbia, 1965  A 79
Publications of the Geological Survey  A 80
Mines Branch    A 80
Mineral Resources Division  A 80
Lode Metals  1
Reports on Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Work  241
Placer  249
Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals  256
Petroleum and Natural Gas  279
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries  357
Coal  389
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations  411
Lode-metal Deposits Referred to in the 1965 Annual Report   424
 CONTENTS A 7
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Photographs
Page
Scud River valley     37
Ann property on Split Creek     37
Diamond drilling on the SF property, Klastline Plateau     42
Diamond drilling on the E and L property, Snippaker Creek     42
Granduc Mines Limited—Tide Lake Camp     47
Silbak Premier mine—new camp at No. 6 level     47
Truck-mounted percussion drill on Lornex property  152
Diamond-drill rig on Betty Lou property  152
Phoenix Copper Company Limited—Old Ironsides open pit  169
Phoenix mill from headwall of Old Ironsides open pit  169
Fan installation, Kootenay Chief adit, Bluebell mine  185
Minoca Mines Ltd.—Yreka mill nearing completion  231
Mt. Washington Milling Co. Ltd.—1,000-ton capacity mill   231
Old steam shovel on Perry Creek  255
Overshot water-wheel on Perry Creek  255
Water-flood injection station at Boundary Lake  281
Loading trainload of sulphur aboard ship at Vancouver  281
Granduc camp-site between North and South Leduc glaciers  369
One of the main rock tunnels in the south side of the Michel syncline  403
Rock tunnel being driven to develop No. 10 seam  403
Drawings
1. Geology of the Snow group, Mount Haskin  13
2. Geology of Upper Galore Creek Facing 19
3. Sketch map of claim groups, between Scud River and Porcupine River  29
4. Geology of the J.W. group, Jack Wilson Creek  33
5. Geology of the Ann property, Split Creek   39
6. Bromley Glacier area, showing ice recession and geology  53
7. Noradco Mines Limited—plan of ridge-top on the Goat property  56
8. Geology of the Anyox area  58
9. Canusa Mines Limited—plan and section of the Redwing property  60
10. Geology of the Huber group Facing 75
 A 8 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Page
11. Geology of the Serb Creek property     78
12. Surface geology of the Silver Queen mine Facing    81
13. Geology of the Lucky Ship property Facing    85
14. Geology of the northern Babine Lake area Facing    91
15. Geology of McDonald Island   Facing    93
16. Geology of the Newman property  100
17. Investigation of mercury dispersion halos—index map  108
18. Mercury profiles at mercury deposits Facing 109
19. Mercury profiles at molybdenum deposits Facing 109
20. Mercury profile at a silver-lead-zinc property  109
21. Mercury dispersion peaks and backgrounds  111
22. Geology of the Endako area Facing 115
23. Detailed geology of the Endako area—western part Facing 115
24. Detailed geology of the Endako area—eastern part Facing 115
25. Sketch map of lineaments near the Endako orebody  132
26. Index map showing approximate property boundaries—Endako area   134
27. Cross-section through the Coxey and Golden Queen  175
28. Index map—A.M. and Invermay mines  206
29. A.M. and Invermay workings  208
30. Orecan magnetite zone  226
31. Geology of Gisby property  277
32. Footage drilled in British Columbia, 1954-65  288
33. Petroleum and natural-gas fields, 1965  290
34. Oil production in British Columbia, 1954-65  292
35. Gas production in British Columbia, 1954-65  292
36. Petroleum and natural-gas pipe-lines  293
37. Index map, Granduc mine area  367
38. Granduc avalanche site  368
39. Average underground dust counts  381
40. Average crushing and grinding dust counts  382
 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES, 1965
Introduction
A report of the Minister of Mines of the Province of British Columbia has been
published each year from 1874 to 1959. Beginning in 1960, it is the Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
The Annual Report records the salient facts in the progress of the mineral
industry, also much detail about individual operations, including those undertaken
in the search for, exploration of, and development of mineral deposits, as well as
the actual winning of material from mineral deposits.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources now
contains introductory sections dealing with Statistics and Departmental Work, followed by sections dealing with Lode Metals; Placer; Structural Materials and
Industrial Minerals; Petroleum and Natural Gas; Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer
Mines, and Quarries; Coal; and Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations. A tabular index to lode-metal properties, in geographic groupings, precedes
the general index.
An introductory review of the mineral industry and notes at the first of several
of the main sections deal generally with the industry or its principal subdivisions.
Notes in the various sections deal briefly with exploration or production operations
during the year or describe a property in more complete detail, outlining the history
of past work and the geological setting as well as describing the workings and the
mineral deposits exposed in them. Some notes deal with areas rather than with a
single property.
The work of the branches of the Department is outlined briefly in the section
on Departmental Work. This section is followed by notes dealing briefly with the
work of other British Columbia or Federal Government services of particular interest
to the mineral industry of British Columbia. Information concerning mine safety
and some of the activities of the Inspection Branch of the Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources is contained in the section on Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer
Mines, and Quarries, and early in the section on Coal, and in the section dealing
with Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines, Quarries, and
Well Drilling Rigs.
The section on Statistics begins with an outline of current and past practice in
arriving at quantities and calculating the value of the various products.
A 9
 Review of the Mineral Industry*
The 1965 value of mineral production in British Columbia amounted to more
than $280 million, bringing the accumulated value at the end of 1965 to well over
$5.5 billion.
The 1965 total value is the greatest to date, as are the values for industrial
minerals, structural materials, and fuels. The grand total gained $13,278,334 over
1964, the previous record year. The value of metals was $4 million less than in
1964. Industrial minerals gained $3.4 million, structural materials gained $5.9
million, and fuels gained $8 million. Compared with 1964 the grand total gained 5
per cent, industrial minerals gained 20.3 per cent, structural materials 22.3 per
cent, and fuels 18.7 per cent, and metals lost 2.4 per cent. Metals valued at
$176,869,306 made up 63.1 per cent, industrial minerals 7.3 per cent, structural
materials 11.5 per cent, and fuels 18.1 per cent of the 1965 total value.
Molybdenum, valued at $12,405,344, achieved the status of a major metal.
Iron concentrates exported and iron calcine used in making pig iron increased in
value by $836,667. Decreases are indicated for other metals except tin and indium.
Interruption of production by disputes between labour and management at two
mines, with losses of production because of the exigencies of mining, caused a
decrease of nearly 30 per cent in the quantity of copper produced. However, the
increased price for copper kept the reduction to about 15 per cent of the 1964 value.
Less lead and zinc were produced than in 1964. The greater price for lead more
than offset the reduction in quantity, so that the value for that metal was more than
in 1964. However, greater loss in zinc quantity and lesser increase in price resulted
in a reduction of almost $10 million in the value of zinc. The 1965 annual report
of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting company makes it clear that the output of
refined lead and zinc at the company's Trail smelter was at a new record level, and
that ore from Pine Point in the Northwest Territories supplied some 115,800 tons
of lead plus zinc out of the record 399,566 tons produced by the company in 1965,
whereas the Sullivan mine, which had supplied 238,260 tons out of 350,383 tons
in 1964, supplied only 191,800 tons in 1965.
Most items in the industrial-minerals and structural-materials groups gained
over 1964. Asbestos, sand and gravel, and cement gained from $2.7 million to
$1.1 million each.
The fuels-group gain of $8 million over the 1964 value brings the group total
close to $51 million. Natural gas gained about 19 per cent and oil 22 per cent.
Smaller gains were made by coal and by the liquid by-products of natural gas. The
fuel products of the petroleum and natural-gas wells are valued at $44,101,662, or
15.6 per cent of the 1965 grand total value.
The contributions of the oil and gas industry include a further $ 1,724,504 for
by-product sulphur recovered from sour natural gas; similarly, the contribution of
lode-mining includes $2,704,113 for sulphur from roasting sulphide ores and the
sulphur content of pyrite sold.
The premium on United States funds in Canada was slightly less in 1965 than
in 1964. Consequently the Canadian prices for gold and silver in 1965 were slightly
less than in 1964, the United States prices having remained constant.
The prices for copper, lead, and zinc were significantly higher in 1965 than in
1964, reflecting higher average prices for those metals in the United States and
other markets. The prices for lead and zinc varied little during the year, but the
price for copper increased from an average of 35.840 cents a pound in January to
41.471 cents a pound in December. The average for 1965 was 38.377 cents, compared with 33.412 cents for 1964.
* By Hartley Sargent, Chief of the Mineralogical Branch.
A   10
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY,  1965 All
Compared with 1964, custom shipments from British Columbia mines to the
Trail smelter included increased quantities of siliceous ore and of lead concentrates
and a decreased quantity of zinc concentrates.
Exports of lead concentrates to the United States decreased by 30 per cent and
exports of zinc concentrates increased by 5 per cent.
Exports of copper concentrates to the United States decreased by two-thirds
and exports to Japan decreased by a fifth. Copper matte exported from the Trail
smelter to Tacoma increased moderately. Exports of nickel-copper concentrates to
Japan decreased slightly, and exports of iron concentrates to Japan increased slightly.
The decreases in copper-concentrate exports reflect the temporary reductions in
copper-mining referred to earlier.
Part of the increase in iron production was of pelletized calcine smelted to pig
iron at Kimberley. The 1965 increase there reflects the first full year of production
of the increased integrated facilities using iron sulphide to provide sulphur for sulphuric acid and sintered pelletized iron calcine to feed the iron smelter, the end
products being ammonium-phosphate fertilizer and pig iron. These facilities increased the recovery of sulphur from 44,940 tons in 1963 to 87,473 tons in 1965,
and of pig iron from 37,678 tons in 1963 to 102,377 tons in 1965.
In 1965, preparations were being made to carry the integrated processing
further by building near the iron smelter at Kimberley a plant to use an oxygen
converter to refine molten pig iron to steel. Production of steel ingot is to begin in
1966, and will be the first commercial production of steel in British Columbia from
Brlt:sh Columbia ore.
Molybdenum was produced for the first time in large quantity in 1965. In
addition to the continued smaller by-product production by Bethlehem Copper
Corporation, two new mines, the Boss Mountain Division of Brynnor Mines Limited and Endako Mines Ltd., are substantial operations that began producing in
1965 and raised British Columbia to the position of an important supplier of molybdenum. It is recovered as a high-grade concentrate of the mineral molybdenite.
Endako roasted part of its concentrate, converting it to molybdenum trioxide.
British Columbia molybdenum was shipped to destinations in Canada, the United
States, Japan, the United Kingdom, and four other countries in Europe.
Red Mountain Mines Limited was preparing its property at Rossland for
molybdenum production in 1966, and British Columbia Molybdenum Ltd. worked
toward bringing its molybdenum property at Alice Arm into production in 1967.
Minoca Mines Ltd. had the Yreka property on Quatsino Sound ready for
copper production by the end of 1965. Preparation for a further increase in
throughput of the Bethlehem mine was well advanced, with the expectation of
reaching 10,000 tons of ore per day by mid-1966. Preparation for underground
mining at Craigmont was interrupted by a strike.
At the mine of Wesfrob Mines Limited, at Tasu Sound on Moresby Island, a
great deal was done to prepare for production of iron concentrates and copper
concentrates, now scheduled to begin early in 1967.
The long campaign to prepare the Granduc mine, northwest of Stewart, for
production suffered a serious setback when an avalanche demolished much of the
camp and killed 26 men near the Leduc glacier in February. Thereafter, most of
the effort was expended at the Tide Lake end of the operation, from which the
11.6-mile adit is being driven. Providing road access to Tide Lake and providing
the necessary facilities there were large undertakings in themselves. The tunnel
was driven just over a mile from the portal near Tide Lake.
Granisle Copper Limited made substantial progress toward bringing its copper
mine on McDonald Island in Babine Lake into production, that is to begin in the
latter part of 1966.
 A  12 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Preparation to bring the Lynx-Paramount property on Vancouver Island into
production was continued by Western Mines Limited.
Search for and exploration of mineral deposits continue at a very high level.
There has probably never been as much exploratory drilling in British Columbia as
was done in 1965. Exploration was widespread; many properties were being
explored in the large area between Alice Arm and Stewart at the south and Cassiar
and Atlin at the north. The very large area in central British Columbia being
explored for copper, molybdenum, and locally for silver-lead-zinc and mercury was
extended eastward to Quesnel Lake to include an interesting copper discovery
at Bootjack Lake. There was much exploration in the Merritt-Highland Valley-
Lytton-Kamloops area, and great interest developed in the Brenda Lake area northwest of Summerland. Although most exploration was directed toward copper and
molybdenum, work on silver-lead-zinc prospects was done in many parts of the
Province.
The statistics re mineral claims serve as measures of the extent of lode-metal
exploration activity. In 1965, 41,882 mineral claims were recorded and 43,013
certificates of work were issued, compared with 29,244 claims recorded and 32,047
certificates of work in 1964. Reports on geophysical, geological, and geochemical
work were accepted for assessment credit to the number 118, compared with 49
such reports in 1964.
The petroleum and natural-gas industry in 1965 established new records in
production, and did a very large amount of drilling. A new phase in exploration is
indicated by the fact that Shell Oil company decided to prepare for offshore exploratory drilling along the west coast of Vancouver Island and in the Queen Charlotte
Sound-Hecate Strait area, and contracted for the construction of a $9,000,000 drilling platform, now being built by a shipyard in Victoria.
Total drilling in 1965 was 1,103,151 feet, compared with 674,842 feet in 1964.
In 1965, 658,000 feet of drilling was classified as development, 305,000 feet as
exploratory outpost, and 140,671 feet as exploratory wildcat drilling. The drilling
resulted in 116 new oil wells and 40 new gas wells, bringing the number of producible oil wells to 497 and producible gas wells to 530.
Ten of the permanent-staff geologists of the Mineralogical Branch, Department
of Mines and Petroleum Resources, and two geologists engaged for the field season
undertook geological mapping and examinations of properties as outlined on page
A 66.
The Geological Survey of Canada reported 35 projects on which members of
its geological staff worked, for times ranging from a week to the full field season, in
British Columbia. Six of these projects were listed as geological mapping at 4
miles to 1 inch and six at 1 mile to 1 inch. Most of the projects are listed on
pages A 79 and A 80.
An air-borne magnetometer survey, of which the cost was borne by the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and the Geological Survey of Canada
jointly, was done under contract in an area between Revelstoke and Kamloops.
The resulting eight adjoining aeromagnetic maps at the scale 1:25,000 have been
published.
Revenue to the Government from sales of free miners' certificates and from
recording fees, lease rentals, cash paid in lieu of assessment work, etc., amounted
to $836,210.14, compared to $583,455.70 in 1964.
Royalty payable on iron concentrates amounted to $235,541, and payments
on industrial minerals and structural materials amounted to $47,687. Fees and
rentals from coal licences and leases amounted to $14,822.95.
Revenue to the Government from petroleum and natural gas was: Rentals,
fees, and miscellaneous, $8,321,961; sale of Crown reserves, $18,161,433; royal-
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY,  1965 A  13
ties—gas, $1,682,444; oil, $3,697,688; processed products, $93,266; a grant total
of $31,956,732, compared with $26,755,820 in 1964.
Not including considerable numbers employed by contractors mainly doing
work on lode-metal exploration, the total number employed by the min:ng industry
in 1965* was 11,842, compared with 11,645 in 1964.
The principal expenditures reported for the mining industry in 1965 were:
Federal taxes, $17,579,438(2); Provincial taxes including royalties, $8,159,-
072(2, 4); municipal taxes, $1,834,024(2, 3); levies for workmen's compensation
(including silicosis), $1,612,629(2, 3); unemployment insurance, $693,638(2, 3);
salaries and wages, $71,502,967; fuel and electricity, $11,504,343; and process
supplies, $30,590,631(1). Dividends were reported as $44,338,124 and capital
expenditures $8,668,998(2).
Combined with $3,435,769 for the petroleum and natural-gas industry, the
reported expenditures of the whole mineral industry of British Columbia, for salaries
and wages, amounted to $74,938,736.
Expenditure on exploration and development by the lode-mining segment of
the mineral industry was surveyed by the British Columbia Bureau of Economics
and Statistics using a form modified from one used in 1964. Returns were received
from 169 companies, including most of the metal producers and the one asbestos
producer. The returns show total expenditures of $59,185,097, of which $12,472,-
651 was shown as exploration, $42,700,491 as development, and $4,011,955 not
charged to properties. Of the $42,700,491 assigned to development, $36,750,000
was at 10 mines being prepared for production, $1,420,000 was at mines being
prepared for increased production or conversion from surface to underground
mining, and more than $2,000,000 was at other properties. Exploration expenditure was reported by 129 companies; the maximum amount was $1,236,000. The
total expenditure of more than $59 million on exploration and development does
not completely cover such expenditures as some were not reported by companies
known to have done important work in both fields.
Statistics of net cash expenditures by the petroleum and natural-gas industry,
collected by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, have become available for the first
time. The 1965 expendituresf reported were: Exploration—geological and geophysical, $5,700,000; land acquisition and rentals, $23,600,000; exploratory drilling $10,400,000. Development drilling $11,600,000. Capital expenditures—field
equipment, $9,300,000; secondary recovery and pressure maintenance, $1,300,000;
other, $1,600,000. Operation, including wells, flow-lines, etc., $4,700,000. Natural-
gas plants, capital, $1,100,000; operating, $600,000. General—taxes excluding
income tax, $300,000; royalties, $8,100,000; all other expenditures, $2,000,000.
The grand total, $80,300,000, expended in British Columbia made up 8 per cent of
the expenditure by the oil and gas industry in Canada. No exact comparison can
be made with Departmental figures given in an earlier paragraph. The Dominion
Bureau of Statistics' figure of $23,600,000 for land acquisition and rentals appears
to be an underestimate. The discrepancy between royalties reported in the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics' preliminary estimate ($8,100,000) and the $5,473,338 actually
received by the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources presumably comes
in part from the Dominion Bureau of Statistics' figure combining royalties to the
Crown with royalties to companies.
* See Table XII.
t Preliminary estimates of expenditures of the oil and gas exploration, development, and production industry,
1965, Dominion Bureau of Statistics, April 22, 1966.
(1) Reported incompletely for coal.
(2) Not reported for coal.
(3) Reported incompletely for structural materials.
(4) Including the full amount of royalty payable to the Provincial Government on iron, the total payment to
the Provincial Government should be not less than $8,311,000.
 Statistics
The statistics of the mineral industry are collected and compiled and tabulated
for this Report by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics, Department of Industrial
Development, Trade, and Commerce.
CO-OPERATION WITH DOMINION BUREAU OF STATISTICS
In the interests of uniformity and to avoid duplication of effort, beginning with
the statistics for 1925, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the various Provincial
departments have co-operated in the collection and processing of mineral statistics.
Producers of metals, industrial minerals, structural materials, coal, and petroleum and natural gas are requested to submit returns in duplicate on forms prepared
for use by the Province and by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
So far as possible both organizations follow the same practice in processing
the data. The final compilation by the Dominion Bureau is usually published considerably later than the Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources
for British Columbia. Differences between the figures published by the two organizations arise mainly from the facts that the Dominion Bureau bases its quantities
of lode metals on returns made by smelter operators, whereas the British Columbia
mining statistician uses the returns covering shipments from individual mines in
the same period, and the Dominion Bureau uses average prices for metals considered
applicable to the total Canadian production, whereas the British Columbia mining
statistician uses prices considered applicable to British Columbia production. Peat,
included under the classification of fuel by the Dominion Bureau, has not been
regarded as mineral or fuel, and accordingly has not been included in the British
Columbia statistics of mineral production.
METHODS OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION
The tabulated statistics are designed to cover mineral production in quantity
and value, employment, principal expenditures of the mineral industry, and dividends paid. The data are arranged so as to facilitate comparison of the production
records for the various mining divisions, and from year to year (1951, 1958, 1963).*
Beginning with the 1960 Report, Tables I and II were given new forms, Table
VIII was amalgamated with Table VII, and subsequent tables were renumbered.
Beginning with the 1963 Report, the parts of Tables I and III dealing with metals
were combined, so that all metals are now listed alphabetically in a single section.
Beginning with the 1964 Report, Table II gives the value for each group of products for each year after 1886.
Beginning with the 1964 Report, most of the explanatory notes that had
appeared as footnotes to the production tables have been concentrated, arranged
alphabetically in a section headed " Notes on Products," immediately following this
introductory section.
From time to time, revisions have been made to earlier figures as additional
data became available or errors came to light.
Data from the certified returns made by producers of lode metals, industrial
minerals and structural materials, and coal are augmented by data obtained from
* In these notes, references such as (1958) are to this section in the Report for the year indicated, where
additional information will be found.
A 14
.
 STATISTICS
A  15
the operators of customs smelters. For placer gold, returns from operators are augmented by data obtained from the Royal Canadian Mint and from Gold Commissioners and other sources. For petroleum, natural gas, and liquid by-products,
production figures are supplied by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and are compiled from the monthly
disposition report, and Crown royalty statement filed with the Department by the
producers.
Values are in Canadian funds. Weights are avoirdupois pounds and tons
(2,000 lb.) and troy ounces.
Lode Metals
Prior to 1925 the average prices for gold and copper are true average prices,
but, as a means of correcting for losses in smelting and refining, the prices of other
metals were taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the
metal: Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc, 85 per cent. For 1925 and
subsequent years the value has been calculated using the true average price and the
net metal contents, in accordance with the procedures adopted by the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics and the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Gross and Net Contents and Calculated Value
The gross contents for any metal are the total assay contents, obtained by
multiplying the assay by the weight of ore, concentrates, or bullion.
The value is calculated by multiplying the quantity, gross for gold, net for
silver, copper, lead, and zinc, by the average price for the year and by using appropriate prices for other products. Beginning with 1963, net contents are obtained
from the gross as tabulated:—
Lead
Concentrates
Zinc
Concentrates
Copper
Concentrates
Copper-Nickel
Concentrates
Copper
Matte
Silver  _  	
Copper	
Lead 	
Per Cent
98
C1)
98
90
Per Cent
98
50
90
70
Per Cent
95
(2)
50
70
Per Cent
85
88
Per Cent
95
(3)
50
1 Less 26 pounds per ton of concentrates.
2 Less 10 pounds per ton of concentrates except for 1963, when the deduction was 20 pounds per ton.
3 Less 10 pounds per ton of matte.
Formerly the net silver content in copper concentrates was taken as 95 per
cent of the gross; the net lead content of lead ores and concentrates was taken as
95 per cent; and the net zinc content in lead ores, lead concentrates, and zinc
concentrates was taken as 85 per cent, except that for zinc concentrates exported
to foreign smelters the net zinc content was calculated by deducting from the gross
8 units; that is, 160 pounds per ton of concentrates. The net copper content of
copper concentrates for 1963 was obtained by deducting from the gross content
20 pounds of copper per ton of concentrates; formerly the deduction was 10
pounds, and for 1964 and subsequent years the deduction is also 10 pounds.
Other metals, including by-product metals refined in British Columbia and
iron, tin, and tungsten exported as ores and concentrates, are treated similarly,
except that quantities and values for several are as reported by shippers for sales
in the year.   The value of by-product iron ore used in making pig iron at Kimberley
 A 16 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
has been computed from the value per ton of ore of comparable grade, at the point
of export from British Columbia; 1960 and 1961 valuations have been recalculated
on this basis.
Average Prices
The methods of computing prices have varied because of changing conditions
(1958). The prices are now arrived at by methods given in footnotes to the table
of average prices on page A 20.
Placer Gold and Silver
Beginning with 1962, Mint reports giving the fine-gold content have been
available for all but a negligible part of the reported placer-gold production, and
the value of the fine-gold content has been used. Previously the value had been
calculated, taking the average fineness as 822Vi.
A record of the silver content of placer gold, received at the Royal Canadian
Mint since 1947, has been incorporated in the appropriate tables.
Industrial Minerals and Structural Materials
Prices for these materials approximate the prices at the point of origin.
Fuel
Coal
The price per ton used in valuing coal {see p. A 20) is the weighted average
of the f.o.b. prices at the mines for coal sold and used.
Petroleum and Natural Gas
The values for natural gas, natural-gas liquid by-products, and for petroleum,
including condensate/pentanes plus, are the aggregates of amounts received for
the products at the well-head.
NOTES ON PRODUCTS
Antimony.—Production began in 1939. Antimony assigned to individual
mining divisions is the reported content of concentrates exported to foreign smelters.
Antimony " not assigned " is the antimony content of antimonial lead or of other
antimony products at the Trail smelter.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Arsenious Oxide.—Production began in 1917. Principal productive periods:
Omineca, 1928, 16,997 pounds, $340; Osoyoos, 1917-30 and 1942, 22,002,423
pounds, $272,861.   See Table VIId.
Asbestos.—Production began in 1952. From 1953 to 1961 asbestos was
valued at the shipping point in North Vancouver. Beginning with 1962 the value
has been taken as the value at that pricing point less shipping cost from the mine
to North Vancouver. The values for the preceding years have been recalculated
on the same basis.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Barite.—Production began in 1940.   See Tables I, III, VIId.
Bentonite.—Principal productive period, 1926-44, 791 tons.   See Table VIId.
Bismuth.—Production began in 1929. Recovered as by-product at Trail
smelter.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Cadmium.—Production began in 1928. Cadmium assigned to individual
mining divisions is the reported content of custom shipments to the Trail smelter
and to foreign smelters.   Cadmium " not assigned " is the remainder of the reported
 STATISTICS
A 17
estimated recovery at the Trail smelter from British Columbia concentrates. See
Tables I, III, and Vila
Chromite.—Produced in 1918 and 1929.   See Table Vila
Coal.—All coal produced, including that used in making coke, is shown as
primary mine production. Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mine output and
includes material lost in picking and washing. For 1910 and subsequent years the
quantity is that sold and used. First production: Cariboo, 1942; Fort Steele, 1898;
Kamloops, 1893; Liard, 1923; Nanaimo, 1836; Nicola, 1907; Omineca, 1918;
Osoyoos, 1926; Similkameen, 1909; Skeena, 1912. For washery loss, change in
stock, and differences between gross mine output and coal sold, refer to the table
" Production and Distribution by Collieries and by Districts " in section headed
" Coal " or " Coal-mining " in this and preceding Annual Reports. The totals
" sold and used " include: Sales to retail and wholesale dealers, industrial users,
and company employees; coal used in company boilers, including steam locomotives; coal used in making coke.   See Tables I, III, VIIa, VIIIa, and VIIIb.
Cobalt.—Production of 1,730 pounds, 19.28.   See Table Vila
Diatomite.—First production, 1928.   See Table VIId.
Fluorspar.—Principal productive periods: Greenwood, 1918-29 and 1942,
35,309 tons, $783,578; Osoyoos, 1958, 32 tons, $1,386.   See Table VIId.
Fluxes.—First reported, 1911, mainly quartz and limestone. See Tables I, III,
and VIId.
Fuel.—See Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas.
Gold, Lode.—Gold is mainly the product of lode-gold mines, but a substantial
part is a by-product from copper and silver-lead-zinc mines. See Tables I, III,
VI, and VIIb.
Gold, Placer.—A substantial part of the production, including much of the
gold recovered from the Fraser River from Yale upstream (New Westminster Mining
Division) and much of the early Cariboo production, is based on early estimates and
cannot be accurately assigned to individual mining divisions. In 1965 changes were
made in the allocation of placer gold to the New Westminster and Similkameen
Mining Divisions, and not assigned, to reconcile those figures with data incorporated
in Bulletin No. 28. First year of production for major placer-producing divisions:
Atlin, 1898; Cariboo, 1858; Liard, 1873; Lillooet, 1874; Omineca, 1869. See
Tables I, III, VI, and VIIa.
Granules.—First production, 1930.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Gypsum and Gypsite.—First production, 1911.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Hydromagneshe. — First production, 1904. Principal productive periods:
Atlin, 1915-16, 1,450 tons, $20,325; Clinton, 1921, 803 tons, $7,211. See
Table VIId.
Indium.—Production began in 1942. Not reported as individual metal since
1958, but value taken into total value of all metals.
Iron Concentrates.—Principal productive period began in 1951. Includes calcine used in making pig iron at Kimberley beginning in 1961. The entire production
credited to the Fort Steele Mining Division is of calcine.  See Tables I, III, and Vila
Iron Oxide and Ochre.—Principal productive periods: Golden, 1927-39, 27
tons, $920; Nelson, 1948-50, 7,292 tons, $55,901; Vancouver, 1918-50, 10,669
tons, $97,389; Victoria, 1923, 120 tons, $840.   See Table VIId.
Lead.—Revisions were made in 1958 to some yearly totals for lead and zinc
to bring them into agreement with the best records of recoveries of lead and zinc
from slags treated at the Trail smelter.   See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIb.
Magnesium.—Produced 204,632 pounds, 1941 and 1942.   See Table Vila
 A  18 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Magnesium Sulphate.—Principal productive periods: Clinton, 1918 to 1920,
1,923 tons, $39,085; Kamloops, 1918-42, 8,742 tons, $193,967; Osoyoos, 1915-
19, 3,229 tons, $21,300.   See Table VIId.
Manganese.—Principal productive period, 1918-20. See Table Vila Total
includes estimated manganese content of about 40 tons of ore shipped for testing
in 1956 by Olalla Mines Ltd.
Mercury.—Principal productive period, 1940-44. See Tables I, III, and
Vila
Mica.—First production, 1932.    See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Molybdenum.—Principal productive periods, 1914-18 and beginning 1964.
See Tables I, III, and Vila
Natro-alunite.—Principal productive period, 1912-27, 522 tons. See Table
VIId.
Natural Gas.—Commercial production of natural gas began in 1954. The
production shown in Tables I, III, and VIIa is the total dry and residue gas sold;
that is, the quantity delivered to the main transmission-line. The quantity is net
after deducting gas used on leases, metering difference, and gas used or lost in the
cleaning plant. The quantity is reported as thousands of cubic feet at standard
conditions (14.4 pounds per square inch pressure, 60° F. temperature, up to and
including the year 1960, and thereafter 14.65 pounds per square inch pressure,
60° F. temperature). Gross well output, other production, delivery, and sales data
are tabulated in the Petroleum and Natural Gas section of this report.
Natural-gas Liquid By-products.—The liquid by-products are the butane and
propane recovered in processing natural gas at Taylor, beginning with 1958. For
natural gasoline, condensate/pentane plus, see under " Petroleum." See Tables I,
III, and VIIa, and Petroleum and Natural Gas section of this report.
Nickel.—Production began in 1958.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Palladium.—Production recorded, 19.28.   See Table Vila
Perlite.—In 1953, 1,112 tons valued at $11,120 was produced. See Table
VIId.
Petroleum, Crude.—Production of petroleum began in 1955, and is shown in
Tables I, III, and VIIa. The quantity is "net sales," reported in barrels (35
imperial gallons =1 barrel). Natural gasoline, condensate/pentanes plus, recovered
at the gas-processing plant at Taylor is credited as petroleum production (1962).
Production to the end of 1965 includes 50,254,173 barrels of crude petroleum
and 6,112,013 barrels of condensate/pentanes plus, valued at $101,067,392 and
$4,655,112. See Tables I, III, and VIIa. Gross well output, other production,
delivery, and sales data are tabulated in the Petroleum and Natural Gas section of
this report.
Phosphate Rock.—Produced 1927-33, 3,842 tons.   See Table VIId.
Platinum.—Produced intermittently 1887-1963.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Rock.—Rubble, riprap, and crushed stone.   See Tables I, III, and VIIe.
Selenium.—Produced 731 pounds in 1931.   See Table Vila
Silver, Lode.—Produced yearly, beginning 1887, mainly from silver-lead-zinc
ore and as a by-product from copper ore.   See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIb.
Silver, Placer.—The accumulated value of placer silver is the value of the
silver content of placer gold received at the Royal Canadian Mint in 1947 and
subsequent years. See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIa. The silver shown in Table VI
includes placer silver.
Sodium Carbonate.—Principal productive periods: Clinton, 1921-49, 9,524
tons, $109,895; Kamloops, 1931-35, 968 tons, $9,088.   See Table VIId.
 STATISTICS
A 19
Structural Materials.—Unclassified materials valued at $5,972,171 in Table
VIIe is the total for structural materials in the period 1886-1919 that cannot be
allotted to particular classes of structural materials or assigned to mining divisions,
and includes $726,323 shown against 1896 in Table II that includes unclassified
structural materials in that and previous years not assignable to particular years.
The figure $3,150,828 in Table VIIe under other clay products is the value in the
period 1886-1910 that cannot be allotted to particular clay products or assigned to
mining divisions.
Sulphur.—From 1916 to 1927 the figures include the sulphur content of
pyrites shipped. From 1928 the tonnages include the estimated sulphur content
of pyrites snipped plus the sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste
smelter gases. Iron sulphide roasting at the Kimberley acid plant commenced in
1953, and the sulphur content is included. Elemental sulphur has been recovered
from the natural-gas plant at Taylor since 1958.   See Tables I, III, and VIId.
Talc.—Principal productive periods: Golden, 1927, 5 tons, $356; Lillooet,
1916-36, 296 tons, $5,129; Victoria, 1919-35, 1,504 tons, $29,386. See Tables
I, III, and VIId.
Tin.—First production 1941.   See Tables I, III, and Vila
Tungsten.—Principal productive period, 1937-58.    See Table Vila
Volcanic Ash.—Cariboo, 30 tons.   See Table VIId.
Zinc.—For 1905-08, inclusive, records show shipments of a combined total
of 18,847 tons of zinc ore and zinc concentrates of unstated zinc content. Revisions
were made in 1958 to some yearly totals for lead and zinc to bring them into agreement with the best records of recoveries of lead and zinc from slags treated at the
Trail smelter.   See Tables I, III, VI, and VIIb.
 A 20
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Average Prices Used in Valuing Provincial Production of Gold,
Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Coal
Year
Gold,*
Crude,
Oz.
Gold,
Fine,
Oz.
Silver,
Fine,
Oz.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
Coal,
Short
Ton
1001	
$
17.00
19.30
23.02
28.37
28.94
28.81
28.77
28.93
29 72
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
30.22
28.78
28.78
29.60
31.29
30.30
28.18
28.31
27.52
28.39
28.32
27.59
27.94
27.61
27.92
29.24
29.25
29.31
29.96
28.93
$
20.67
	
	
	
23.47
2R.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34 99
35.18
36.14
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
36.75
35.00
35.00
36.00
38.05
36.85
34.27
34.42
34.07
34.52
34.44
33.55
33.98
33.57
33.95
35.46
37.41
37.75
37.75
|  37.73
Cents
56.002 N.Y.
49.55
50.78
53.36 „
51.33       .,
63.45
62.06      .,
50.22      „
48.93      „
50.812    „
50.64 „
57.79 ..
56.80 „
52.10      .,
47.20      .,
02.38
77.35      ..
91.93
105.57
95.80      „
59.52
64.14
61.63
63.442    .,
69.065 „
62.107    „
56.37 ,.
58.176    „
52.993    „
38.154    ,.
28.700    „
31.671    „
37.832    ..
47.461     „
64.790    „
45.127    „
44.881    .,
43.477    „
40.488    „
38.249 .,
38.261    ..
41.166    „
45.254    ,.
43.000    ..
47.000    „
83.650    „
72.000    ..
75.000 Mont.
74.250 U.S.
80.635    ,.
94.55
83.157    „
83.774    ,.
82.982   „
87.851    ..
89.373    „
87.057   „
86.448    ..
87.469    ..
88.633    „
93.696    „
116.029   „
137.965    „
139.458    „
139.374    „        |
Cents
16.11    N.Y.
11.70      ..
13.24
12.82
15.59
19.28
20.00
13.20
12.98
12.738    „
12.38
16.341    „
15.27
13.60
17.28
27.202    .,
27.18
24.63
18.70
17.45
12.50
13.38 ,.
14.42      „
13.02      „
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.92
14.570    .,
18.107    ..
12.982    „
8.116    ,.
6.380 Ltin.1.
7.454    „
7.419    .,
7.795    .,
9.477    „
13.078 ..
9.972    ,,
10.092    „
10.086    .,
10.080    .,
10.086    ..
11.75
12.000    „
12.550    .,
12.80
20.39 „
22.35    U.S.
19.973    „
23.428    „
27.70      „
31.079 „
30.333    „
29.112    „
38.276    .,
39.787    „
20.031    „
23.419    „
27.708    „
28.985    „
2S.288    „
30.473    „
30.646   „
33.412    „
38.377    „
Cents
2.577 N.Y.
3.66      ,.
3.81
3.88      ,.
4.24      ..
4.81
4.80      .,
3.78
3.85
4.00      ,.
3.98
4.024    „
3.93       „
3.50
4.17
6.172    ..
7.91
6.67
5.19
7.16
4.09
5.16      „
6.54
7.287    .,
7.848 Lond
6.751    .,
5.256    „
4.575    ..
5.050    ,.
3.927    ..
2.710    .,
2.113    ..
2.391     ..
2.436    ..
3.133    „
3.913    „
5.110    ..
3.344    ,,
3.109    „
3.362    ..
3.362    ,.
3.362    „
3.754    ..
4.500    .,
5.000    .,
6.750    „
13.670    ..
18.040    „
15.800 U.S.
14.454    ..
18.4
16.121     „
13.265    „
13.680    „
14.920    „
15.756    „
14.051     „
11.755    „
11.670    „
11.589    „
11.011 „
10.301    „
12.012 .,
14.662    „
17.247    „
Cents
$
2.679
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
3.125
1908	
1909..   .
1910	
4.60 E. St. L.
4.90      ,.
5.90       „
4.80      „
4.40
11.25
10.88      .,
7.566    ..
6.94
6.24
6.52
3.95
4.86       ..
5.62
5.39
7.892 Lond.
7.409    ..
6.194    ..
5.493    .,
5.385    ,.
3.599    ..
2.554    „
2.405    „
3.210    „
3.044    ,.
3.099    ,.
3.315    ,,
4.902    ..
3.073    ..
3.069    „
3.411    ..
3.411     ,.
3.411    „
4.000    ,.
4.300    „
0.440    ..
7.810    ..
11.230    ,.
13.930    „
13.247 U.S.
15.075    „
19.9
15.874    „
10.675    ,.
10.417    „
12.127    .,
13.278    „
11.175    „
10 009    „
10.978    ,.
12.557    „
11.695    „
12.422    „
13.173    „
14.633    „
15.636    „
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
4.464
1919	
1921	
1922   	
1923	
1924   	
1925                           	
1926	
1927	
1928 	
1929                           	
1930     	
1931	
4.018
1932     	
3.795
1933	
1934	
1935	
1936	
1937	
1938	
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
1943	
1944	
1945	
1946	
4.68
1947	
5.12
1948	
6.09
1949	
6.51
1950	
6.43
1951	
8.46
1952	
1953	
1954	
195 5	
6.94
6.88
7.00
6.74
1956	
1957	
1958    	
6.59
6.76
7.45
1959   	
7.93
I960	
6.64
1961	
7.40
1962	
7.43
1963	
7.33
6.94
1965...                	
7.03
* See page A 17, under placer gold.
Prices for fine gold are the Canadian Mint buying prices. Prices for other metals are those of the markets
indicated, converted into Canadian funds. The abbreviations are: Mont.=Montreal; N.Y.=New York;
Lond.=London;  E. St. L.=East St. Louis;  and U.S.=United States.
Prior to 1925 the prices for gold and copper are true average prices, but the prices of other metals were
taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the metal: Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per
cent;  and zinc, 85 per cent.
 STATISTICS
A 21
Table I.—Mineral Production: Total to Date, Latest Decade,
and Latest Year
Products*
Total Quantity
to Date
Total Value
to Date
Total Quantity, 1956-65
Total Value,
1956-65
Quantity,
1965
Value,
1965
lb.
Bismuth	
....  lb.
lb.
Cobalt    	
lb.
.   lb.
Gold—placer, crude
oz.
Iron concentrates *
 tons
    lb.
_   lb.
-   lb.
Molybdenum 	
lb.
 lb.
lb
Silver—placer.	
"   ■—lode	
oz.
Tin
lb.
Tungsten (WO3).	
lb.
 lb.
Others      	
 lb.
Totals  	
Industrial Minerals
Arsenious oxide  lb.
Asbestos_   - tons
Barite tons
Bentonite _ tons
Diatomite-  tons
Fluorspar  tons
Fluxes  tons
Granules   tons
Gypsum and gypsite  tons
Hydro-magnesite  tons
Iron oxide and ochre tons
Jade  -lb.
Magnesium sulphate tons
Mica   lb.
Natro-alunite —  tons
Perlite   tons
Phosphate rock .  tons
Sodium carbonate tons
Sulphur— tons
Talc  tons
Volcanic ash — — tons
Totals	
Structural Materials
Cement  	
Clay products	
Lime and limestone
Rock..	
. tons
-tons
Sand and gravel tons
Stone    — tons
Not assigned 	
Totals... 	
Fuels
Coal    tons
Natural gas to pipe-line M s.c.f.
Liquid by-products bbl.
Petroleum crude bbl.
Totals	
Grand totals
3,440.
5,
16.
15
14,752.
454,
16.
16,
12,981.
186,459
154,107
835,696
796
1,730
357,540
231,422
438,630
951,009
155,137
204,632
1,724
170,730
348,673
608,459
749
1,407
731
20,807
108,826
126,093
019,324
449,476
13,237,033
10,993,293
55,341,929
32,295
420
643,999,578
96,841,657
481,759,931
138,318,541
,180,499,646
88,184
32,668
10,444,758
12,498,605
19,322,873
30,462
135,008
1,389
18,103
295,480,543
13,057,495
38,663,751
,168,669,412
6,983,754
15,417,636
il,878,394
16,090,088
5,942,030
4,155,132
30,654,880
1,301,787
144,630
466,586
689,947
446,907
1,297,110
596,475,073
37,927
1,717,487
12,723,292
3,034,389,141
192,186,169
1,076,938
60,601,684
118,083,137
388,339,199
85,197,073
866
117,124
2,165,403
250,183,633
32,696,081
25,053
4,419,089
21,266,154
43,149,171
7,068
7,322,784
24,327,006
35,149
12,461,907
19,235,149
1,520
7,289,125
3,322,000
12,301
12,405,344
2,790,480
11
785
4,624
67,443,807
7,057,603
4,877,234
4,047,165,733
4,709
69,923,605
6,059,370
13,476,064
504,314,169
6,718,673
112
4,971,972
377,207
311,249,250
157
6,929,636
735,554
48,666,933
1,339,389
|4,186,451,328| .
1,433,268,749| _  |176,869,306
22,019,420
502,4591
230,388|
7911
3,727]
35,3411
3,916,1391
247,047
2,851,687
2,253
18,108
226,652
13,894
12,822,050
522
1,112
3,842
10,492
5,632,429
1,805
30
273
99,701.
2,765,
16,
140.
784.
6,896.
3,660.
10,966.
27.
155.
95.
254.
185.
9.
11.
16.
118,
62,611.
34,
,201
032
909
858
.315
964
249
683
925
.536
.050
543
.352
.818
398
120
894
983
773
871
300
473,551
152,617
2,344
32
867,107
194,784
1,288,403
93,335,134
2,109,949
109,320
1,386
2,807,712
2,949,779
3,936,517
226,252
85,851
17,466
82
59,231
29,033
207,858
14,491,195
182,931
95,5431
7,129
750,000
17,295
2,525,347
32,275,482
341,873
4,420
240,076
447,954
602,788
9,249
4,428,617
188,727,7741
137,638,117|   | 20,407,230
9,482,717
  |
1,077,7511
143,583,759
55,992,7651
38,409,776|
34,054,223|
142,307,39l|
8,865,168[
5,972,171]
4,496,153
6,942,105
18,093,231
153,684,882
76,196
77,677,275
24,444,734
16,435,836
17,568,556
90,938,775
872,197
601,878
1,420,085
2,715,411
20,936,994
2,252
11,199,607
3,899,634
2,482,451
1,938,088
12,686,959
118,975
429,185,253]
227,937,373| _ | 32,325,714
138,873,881| 589,076,172
778,190,753] 71,321,090
3,885,139| 991,321
56,366,1861 105,722,504
9,235,059
777,961,219
3,885,139
56,365,604
65,554,389
71,296,415
991,321
105,722,024
950,763 |    6,713,590
138,814,144 | 14,493,255
836,766 |       267,765
14,449,968 | 29,340,642
767,111,0871"
243,564,1491
50,815,252
.|5,571,475,442|.
2,042,408,3881.
]280,417,502
* See notes on individual minerals listed alphabetically on pages A 16 to A 19.
 A 22
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1965
Year
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Fuels
Total
Totals, 1836-
1900, and by
Decades*
1836-86	
1887 	
1888	
1889 	
1890 _
1891   	
1892 	
1893 _	
1894 	
1895   	
1896 _ -
1897.  	
1898	
1899 _	
1900 _....
1901 	
1902 	
1903 .  	
1904 _	
1905 	
1906	
1907 	
1908 	
1909 _- _
1910 	
1911 .  	
1912  	
1913 _.
1914 	
1915  _
1916 	
1917 	
1918 	
19W 	
1920 	
1921  	
1922  	
1923     	
1924 _	
1925	
1926  	
1927 -	
1928 	
1929  ....
1930	
1931.
1932.
1933
1934.
1935
1936	
1937 	
1938	
1939 	
1940 	
I
1941.
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
52,808
729
745
685
572
447
511
659
1,191
2,834
4,973
7,575
7,176
8.107.
11,360
,750
,381
794
512
884
136
,075
,969
728
,629
769
,262
,870
,509 I
,546
14,258,455
12,163,561
12,640,083
13,424,755
16,289,165
18,449,602
17,101,305
15,227,991
14,668,141
13,768,731
11,880,062
18,218,266
17,701,432
15,790,727
20,765,212
32,092,648
27,299,934
27,957,302
20,058,217
19,687,532
13,160,417
19,605,401
25,769,215
35,959,566
46,480,742
51,867,792
45,134,289
48,640,158
52,805,345
41,785,380
23,530,469
20,129,869
25,777.723
35,177.224
42,006,618
45,889,944
65,224,245  I
55,959,713  I
56,216,049 I
64,332,166 I
65,807
63,626
55,005
42.095
50,673
58.834
95,729
124,091
110,219
117,166
630
,140
,394
,013
,592
,747
867
,753
,917 |
,836 I
2,400
46,345
17,500
46,446
51,810
133,114
150,718
174,107
281,131
289,426
508,601
330,503
251,922
140,409
116,932
101,319
223,748
437,729
544,192
807,502
457,225
480.319
447,495
460,683
486,554
543,583
724,362
976.17
916,841
1,381.720
1,073,023
1,253,561
1,434,382
1,378,337
1,419.248
1,497,720
1,783.0'0
2,275.972
2,358.877
2,500,799
2.462,340
43,650
22,168
46,432
77,517
75,201
79,475
129,234
726,323'
150,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
400,000
450,000
525,000
575,000
660,800
982,900
1,149,400
1,200,000
1,270,559
1,500,000
3,500,917 I
3,436,222
3.249,605
2,794,107
1,509,235
1.247.912
1,097,900
783.280
980,790
1,962,824
1,808,392
2,469,967
2,742,388
2.764,013
2,766,838
3,335,885
2,879,160
3,409,142
3.820,732
4,085,105
3,538,519
1,705,708
1,025,586
1,018,719
1,238,718  I
1,796,677
2,098,339
1,974,976
1,832,464
2,534,840
2,845,262 I
3.173,635
3,025,255
3,010,088
3,401,229
5,199,563
5.896,803
8,968,222
9,955,790
10,246,939
I
10,758,565
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,824,687
2,693,961
2,734,522
3,582,595
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
5,511,861
5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
11,108,335
8,071,747
10,786,812
9.197.460
7,745,847
7,114,178
8,900.675
8,484,343
12.833.994
11,975,671
13,450,169
12,836,013
12,880,060
12,678,548
9,911,935
12,168,905
11,650.180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256.260
9,435,650
7,684,155
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
5,048,864
5,722,502
6,139,920
5,565.069
6,280,956
7,088,265
7.660,000
8,237,172
7,742,030
8.217,966
6,454,360
6,732,470
8,680,440
9.765,395
10,549,924
10,119,303
63,610,965
1,991,629
2,260,129
2,502,519
2,682,505
3,613,902
3,119,314
3,594,851
4,230,587
5,659,316
8,394,053
10,459,784
10,909,465
12,434,312
16,355,076
19,674,853
17,445,818
17,497.380
18,955,179
22,461,826
24,980.546
25,888',418
23,784,857
24,513.584
26,377,066
23,499,071
32,458,800
30,194,943
26,382,491
29,521,739
42,391,953
37,056.284
41,855,707
33.304,104
35,609,126
I
28,135,325 I
35,207.350 I
41,330,560 I
48,752,446 i
61,517,804
67,077,605
60,720.313
65.227.002
68,689.839
55,763,360  I
I
35.233,462 I
28.806,716 I
32,639.163 I
42.407.630 I
48,837.783 I
54,133,485 I
74.438,675 I
64,416,599 I
65,711,189 I
75,028,294 I
77.566,453
76,471.329
67,151.016
54,742.315
62,026,901
72,549,790
112,583.082
145,184,247
133.226,430
139.995,418
I
151,818,407
221,579,527
332,274,218
"532,421,604
521,652,996
941,496,981
* See note on structural materials, page A 19.
 STATISTICS
A 23
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1965—Continued
Year
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Fuels
Total
Totals, 1836-
1900. and by
Decades*
1951   	
$
153,598,411
147,857,523
126,755,705
123.834,286
142,609,505
149.441,246
125.353,920
104,251,112
105,076,530
130,304.373
128,565,774
159.627,293
172.852,866
180,926,329
176,869,306
$
2,493,840
2,181,464
3,002,673
5,504,114
6,939.490
9,172.792
11,474,050
9,958,768
12,110,286
13,762,102
12,948.308
14.304.214
16,510,898
16,989,469
20,407,230
$
10,606,048
11,596,961
13,555,038
14,395,174
15,299,254
20,573.631
25,626,939
19,999,576
19,025,209
18,829,989
19,878,921
21,366.265
23,882,190
26,428,939
32,325,714
$
10,169,617
9,729,739
9,528,279
9,161,089
9,005,111
9,665,983
8,537,920
10,744,093
11,431,938
14,468,869
18.414,318
34.073.712
42,617,633
42.794.431
50,815,252
$
176,867,916
171,365,687
152.841.695
152.894.663
173.853,360
188,853,652
170,992,829
144.953,549
147.643,963
177,365,333
179,807,321
229,371,484
255.863,587
267,139,168
280,417,502
$
1952
1953 	
1954
•————
1955..... ._.,.	
1956               	
	
1957
.	
1958               	
	
1959              	
1960	
1961
1,657,632,647
1962
1963
1964               	
1965   	
	
|	
Totals 	
4,186,451,328
188,727,774
429,185,253
767,111,087
5,571,475,442
* See note on structural materials, page A 19.
 A 24
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
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i-i *o
 A 30 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Table VIIa.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and
Period
Placer
Lode
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Division
Quantity
(Crude)
Gold*
Value
Silver*
Value
Structural
Materials
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
Oz.
$
$
$
9,131,133
10,021,157
46,149,761
$
$
90,942
121,359
1,617
317
139
735,609
1,023
556
2,607,929
9
33,253
8,720
4,188
17,383,114
31,446
16,186
54,093,439
189
9.398
1,675,666
60
27
1,631
165
100
2,443
4
430
2,584
37,483,714
754,393
3,183,062
45,545,549
20,325
64,555
4,420
283,795
312,009
373,185
704,250
7,670,380
31,834
	
45,085
10,171
243,069
23
848,354
70,504,477
69,449,859
1,878,651,075
2,663,952
2,108,259
56,942,752
4,419,970
5,243,049
142,800,627
8,838,231
8,623,408
26,669,489
162,427
855,100
1,054,050
8,600,471
701,243
798,331
7,106,654
187,847
67,610
306,940
Golden    - -   .
20,531
468,450
5
5,658,672
48,732
188,553
469
11,268
1,928,052
26,116
97,789
5,074
21
3
27,595
115,662
604
75
604,785
2
4
2,323,897
956,487
824,396
672,347
7
6,528,308
13,339,110
16,217,699
108,034,688
11,404
5,249
94,272
74,510
68,904
965,514
76,956
127,459
367,491
84,000
98,995
1,165,256
	
11,612,073
261,181
548,605
50,184
1,248,151
7
6,391
2,831,057
2,086,810
138,728,620
11,913,569
13,789,151
114,815,545
17,838,859
18,436,152
286,327,148
3,409,162
3,442,889
22,769,748
18,114,466
11,467,337
73,542,856
22,440
9,955,285
43,024,552
9,112
3,434,966
196,717
317,196
91,916
1,894,304
36
2,344,862
2,186,199
2,988,741
866
19,300
320 795
1 04,1 01
3,585
88,088
3 798 385
6,637,614
	
8,348,601
31,265
593,573
	
	
5,650
234
180
24
56,279
13
6
240
4,764
5,587
340
1,499,180
302
151
5,466
10,050
2,400
2,000
15,860
399,401
380,000
5,255,345
	
567,057
32
1
757
1
1
7
Osoyoos         -
697,057
5,184,009
64,304
78,289
51,140,478
1,374,654
74,662
	
7,582
33
164,477
906
57
10
11,237,401
1,594
1,084
120,195,248
4,033,464
3,502,546
222,308,689
8,190,919
10,215,872
220,614,408
12,186
8,630
83,751,751
4,947,375
2,087,792
227,168,390
1,492,370
142,450
	
	
45,507
878,204
10
18.558
2,857,277
334,117
4,603
105,569
1,229,400
8,507 686
63 582
35,294
366
9,397
1,172,326
68 907
Trail Creek -	
	
95,609
851
24,260
2,160,719
6,152,684
810
110,063
6,570,191
7,503,777
182
5,306
70,693,775
98,362
151,006
2,732
72,885
26
197,845
3,979
3,978
70
60
188,511
1,379,910
1,540,000
39,773,385
10,989.469
20.407,230
188,727,774
3,102,657
6,511,971
7,283,938
628
246
138
1,525,407
1,842
866
5,231,422
15,680
7,437
4,113
17,259,113
55,191
25,053
96,841,657
	
12,928,756
13,230,479
3,221,754
225,742,415
180.870,817
176,844,096
4,089,591,568
138,881,575
Not assigned*  - —	
Totals	
	
45
28
13,092
321
157
18,103
1,504,103
1,208,988
16,061,663
26,428,939
32,325,714
429,185,253
VII2.
i Re " not assigned," see footnotes under Tables VIIb and VIIe.
* See notes on individual minerals listed alphabetically on pages A 16 to A 19.
Mote.—For individual metals, industrial minerals, and structural materials, see Tables VIIb, VIIe, VIId, and
 STATISTICS
A 31
Total to Date, by Mining Divisions—Summary
Fuels
Coal*
Petroleum*
Natural Gas
(Direct to Pipe-line)
Liquid
By-products*
Division
Totals
Quantity
Value
Quantity         Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Tons
$
Bbl.
$
MS.O.F.
$
Bbl.
$
$
9,222,075
	
10,142,516
47,868,078
	
9,210
	
6,799
	
55,200,793
	
1,223,744
3,908,018
290
1,100
107,596,706
32,027
45,085
	
1,441,720
846,059
5,668,799
6,305,280
253,739,151
77,095,986
913,778
77,116,129
56,451,182
	
2,147,117,824
	
3,413,927
3,095,143
	
65,988,726
	
4,446,086
5,340,838
	
	
146,196,675
9,663,235
9,295,830
15,087
59.765
750
45,474,427
50
	
12,474,054
14,449,968
56,366,186
24,047,837
29,340,642
105,722,504
118.959,880
138,814,144
778,190,753
12,192,816
14,493,255
71,321,090
706,563
836,766
3,885,139
226,100
267,765
991,321
50,067,794
60,867,966
99,433
699,521
291,458,639
3,039,178
2,409,255
143 062,094
58,382
588,622
349,310
300,968,797
14,762,900
31,085
	
17,196,106
74,308,508
	
459,163,018
	
18,236,610
18,667,712
290,582,012
10,130,776
11,890,485
119,684,801
18 119,716
11,472,987
85 205,563
2,929,584
11,080,836
69,507
59,000
2,968,153
6,835
442,762
5,900
10,713,683
451,197
52,692,511
473 120
1,122
5,008
57,780,958
32,819
12,894,305
110,534
143,503,022
4,367,581
4,180,232
232 151,460
4,617,442
19,553,725
-
36
116
;....|	
8,254,501
10,251,166
221,796,131
81,093
104,239
85,936,730
11,100,869
9,701,632
304,437,668
98,362
3,377,391
6,516,020
7,283,998
152,014,522
16,121,974
5,974,883
298,849,668
267,139,168
280,417,502
5,571,475,442
911,326
950,763
138,873,881
6,327,678
6,713,590
589,076,172
12,474,054
14,449,968
56,366,186
24,047,837
29,340,642
105,722,504
118,959,880
138,814,144
778,190,753
12,192,810
14,493,255
71,321,090
706,503
836,766
3,885,139
226,100
267,765
991,321
 A 32
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
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 A 38 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Table VIId.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total
Division
Period
Asbestos
Barite
Diatomite
Fluxes (Quartz
and Limestone)
Granules, (Quartz,
Limestone, and
Granite)
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Atlin	
1,143
82
3,727
64,555
4,420
140,315
48
8
10,588
17,466
230,380
80
119,370
182,931
2,765,829
3,259
3,259
12,612
12,612
1,790,502
1,540,319
67,460
85,851
11,714,494
14,491,195
09 701  032
|        	
31,012
24.266
74,510
68.904
780.0971    065.514
3,418
4,473
12.484
76 956
127,459
7,601
8,174
303 416
New Westminster....
4,0001       84,000
6,2601      98,995
85,74711,165,256
Omineca	
42,002
31,700
733,565
162,718
158,500
3,317,703
11.871
236 683
18.3001    221.500
109,471
1,616,157
601,010
	
1,050,722
	
29,692
418,606
7
6
96
70
60
1,205
9,605
157,080
Totals....
1964
1965
To date
67,460
85,851
502,459
11,714,494
14,491,195
99,701,032
10,588
17,466
230,388
119,370
182,931
2,765,909
1,143
82
3,727
64,555
4,420
140,315
73,021
59,231
3,916,139
237,298
.. 240,076
6,896,249
19,289
29,033
247,047
397,639
447,954
3,660,683
See notes on individual minerals listed alphabetically on pages A 16 to A 19.
1 Arsenious oxide. 3 Fluorspar.
2 Bentonite. , * Hydromagnesite.
5 Iron oxide and ochre,
o Magnesium sulphate.
 STATISTICS
to Date, by Mining Divisions—Industrial Minerals
A 39
Gypsum and
Gypsite
Jade
Mica
Sulphur
Other,
Value
Division
Totals
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Tons
$
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Tons
$
$
$
9,3987
9,398
20,3256
20,325
64,555
4,420
10,013,800
143,012
30012
283,795
873
6,236
156,1914 6 10
162,427
70,963
87,473
528,187
855,100
1,054,050
8,284,673
1,054,050
112 878
298,824
581,873
602,788
4,326,937
16,8949
8,600,471
701,243
798,331
7,106,654
188 303
1,488,361
1,2765 11
           1
783,5783
2,323,897
1,246,918
6,323,178
424,700
2,075
203,0556 10
6,528,308
13,339,110
16,217,699
108,034,688
11 404
69,161
91,364
427,538
1,624,616
1,724,504
8,331,656
2,000
2,000
10,337
4,129
2,000
2,000
11,404
5,249
89 143
5,12911
74,510
68,904
965,514
76,956
127,459
55,9015
84,000
98,995
1,165,256
2,407
10,050
10,050
2,400
2,000
15,860
399,401
380,000
5,255,345
1,200
1,000
2,200
2,400
2,000
4,400
11,46018
1,588,800
25,938
295,54713 6
250
1,700
16,8582
18,558
41,624
270
9,036
642,772
178,678
810
110,063
6,043,381
1,229,400
110,063
6,570,191
634.250
10.815
97,3895
160,500
3,978
3,978
30,22611
137,991
154.O0O
1,379,910
1.540.onn
1,379 910
1,540,000
39,773,385
3,992,308|39,773,385
188,303
581,873
602,788
10,966,925
11,537
7,129
226,652
13,804
9,249
95,543
278,385!   3,860,436
341.8731   4.428.617
16,989,469
207,858
20,407,230
188,727,774
2,851,687
12,822,050
185,818
5,632,429
62,611,773
1,703,527
7 Natro-alunite.
s Perlite.
9 Phosphate rock.
16 Sodium carbonate.
ii Talc.
12 Volcanic ash.
 A 40 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1965
Table VIIe.—Production, 1964 and 1965, and Total
Division
Period
Cement
Lime and
Limestone
Building-
stone
Rubble,
Riprap,
and
Crushed
Rock
Sand and
Gravel
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1064
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1904
1965
To date
1964
1965
$
$
$
$
53,337
15,635
215,122
$
37,605
105,724
1,460,544
Atlin        	
430
2,584
1,108
98,478
50,113
53,481
1,110,355
212,423
323,072
650,769
7,500
6,508,648
31,834
45,085
1,606
12,065
130,142
1,441,980
186,241
55,545
176,798
43,873
71,941
4,084,960
48,732
2,000
26,000
168,472
1,000
125,339
1,000
1,743,978
25,116
6,000
36,500
91,789
42,560
	
171,319
580,216
185,558
6,196,443
3,000
60.341
97,006
57,382
80,576
607,904
78,554
267,921
812,579
3,711
2,600
498,989
209,009
362,165
9,673,047
584,825
244,180
12,000
	
18,000
5,313,251
488,264
	
3 337 060
139,335
236,620
100
1,869,821
2,234,790
33,556,690
	
2,000
1,734 858
237,824
399,030
87,000
3,286,257
18,279
23.975
412,969
6,664
3 559,344
298,805
77.526
34,543
116,857
2,820.910
3,769,293
1,771,984
	
20,974
39 458.050
	
	
5,259
	
	
8,000
133,341
26,477
268,075
957,673
1,040
2.600
153,247
8,527
4,313
343,966
5.500
14,925
551,260
112,683
371,837
1,827,539
4,660
7,185
118,534
5,513
651
224,049
425.716
316,319
	
428,982
To date
3,077
714
	
4,217,985
1064
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1064
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
1965
To date
1964
62 550
75,689
33,784
14,850
1,172,773
66.135
28,506
1,000
5,575
1,141,829
136.950
94,525
10,500
11,571
47,983
49,685
1,592,112
24,000
2.246,582
173,451
	
256,164
144,000
4,930,786
58,022
28,109
1,000
115,143
937 649
63,394
90,458
4,500
32,500
4,626,619
5,267,945
27,750,955
81,484
579
1,822,686
1,525,486
9,467
7,508,388
5,412
36,579
242,009
2,226,365
40,885
4,011,360
30,293,595
92 950
1965
To date
1964
	
114,427
46,499
19,820
14,310
860,492
81,052
2,571,843
615 627
5.414.157
1965     1     5.931.662
886
457,299
67,119
63,151
486,742
813,053
To date
1964
1965
To date
115,822,304
45
15,929,549
1,436,984
1,145,837
315,498
505,018
5,601,406
	
Totals	
1964 |   10,040,776
1965 |   11,199,607
To date  |143,583,759
1
2,055,195
2,482,451
38,409,776
25,522
118975
8,865,168
1,285,318
1,938,088
34,054,223
10,013,970
12,686.959
142,307,391
' See note under structural materials, page A 19.
 STATISTICS
A 41
to Date, by Mining Divisions—Structural Materials
Brick
(Common)
Face,
Paving,
and
Sewer
Brick
Firebricks,
Blocks
Clays
Structural Tile
(Hollow
Blocks),
Roof Tile,
Floor
Tile
Drain Tile
and
Sewer
Pipe
Pottery
(Glazed
or Un-
glazed)
Other
O ay
Products
Unclassified
Material
Division
Totals
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
90,942
121,359
1,675,666
430
2,584
312,009
373,185
704,250
1,193
184
4,651
15,807
22,042
7,670,380
31,834
45,085
187,847
67,610
306,940
7,800
8,118
5,658,672
48,732
18,081
31,735
188,553
1,928,052
26,116
97,789
114 361
6,922
956,487
824,396
672,347
72,379
11,612,073
261,181
548,605
3,434,966
196,717
317,196
2,344,862
2,186,199
  1 	
2,988,741
1,104,295
38,939
35,758
42,393,862
320,795
1 04,101
19,110
49,826
27,662
1,808,435
2,864
60,594
676,173
6,048,791
3,798,385
811,572
753,676
14,402,659
38,585
18,234
970,449
31,017
23,299
2,933,087
1,071,324
1,337,928
14,947,265
13,322
24,894
404,125
469,541
595,660
2,717,358
6,637,614
8,348,601
95,156,224
5,250
5,650
567.057
342,796
697,057
5,274
5,184.009
64,304
78,289
1,374,654
74,662
 I 	
32,819
1,492,370
142,450
109,450
1,363
11,992
2,857,277
334,117
677,686
4,925
8,324
8,507,686
63,582
35,294
1,172,326
68,007
95,609
2,160,719
6,152,684
7,503,777
142,208
241,216
580,778
12,724
23,362
88,304
70,693,775
98,362
151,006
131,467
6,202
1,011
5
18,224
4,325
20
462,367
524,027
1,932,036
3,102,657
6,511,971
7,283,938
1,814,647
29,552
119.930
1,050
705,821
1,072,346
136,504
138,881,575
1,504,103
1,208,988
	
 1	
3,180,828*
5,972,171*
16,061,663
49,826|      60,594
811,572
753,676
15,109,029
38,585
18,234
1,049,003
13,332
24,894
563,991
931,908
1,137,768
8,000,757
26,428,939
23,299
3,657,132
1,337,928
16,023,936
32,325,714
5,221,169
16,367,748
5,972,171
429,185,253
 A 42 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1965
Table VIIIa.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal per Year to Date
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
1R1fi_59
41,871
15.956
15,427
20.292
23,906
32,068
36,757
28,129
34.988
49.286
40,098
33,424
55,4582
55,4582
55.4592
91,334
123,362
155.895
172.540
191.348
270.257
299,708
255,760
315.997
238.895
441.358
409,468
365,832
462,964
548.017
649,411
759.518
1,152,590
925,495
1,095,690
1,134.509
1,052,412
1,002,268
999,372
1.263,272
1,435,314
1,781,000
1,894,544
1.838.621
1,624,742
1,887,981
2,044,931
2.126.965
2.485,961
2.362.514
2,688.672
3.314,749
2.541,698
3,211,907
2,713,535
$149,548
56,988
55,096
72,472
85,380
115,528
131,276
100,460
124,956
176,020
143,208
119,372
164,612
164,612
164,612
244,641
330.435
417,576
462,156
522,538
723,903
802,785
685,171
846,417
639,897
1,182.210
1,096,788
979.908
1,240.080
1.467,903
1,739,490
2.034,420
3,087.291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038.859
2,824,687
2,693.961
2,734,522
3,582,595
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
5,511,861
5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
11,108,335
8,071,747
10,786,812
9,197,460
1914       	
1915 -
2,237,042
2,076,601
2,583,469
2,436,101
2,575,275
2,433,540
2,852,535
2,670,314
2,726,793
2,636,740
2,027,843
2,541,212
2,406,094
2,553,416
2,680,608
2,375,060
1,994,493
1,765,471
1,614,629
1,377,177
1,430,042
1,278,380
1,352,301
1,446,243
1,388,507
1,561,084
1,662,027
1,844,745
1.996,000
1,854,749
1,931,950
1.523,021
1.439,092
1,696.350
1,604,480
1,621,268
1,574,006
1,573,572
1,402,313
1,384,138
1,308,284
1.332,874
1.417,209
1.085,657
796.413
690,011
788,658
919,142
825.339
850,541
911,326
950,763
$7,745,847
7,114,178
iRfin
1861
1916
8,900 675
186'
1917
8,484,343
IRfil
1918
12,833,994
11,975,671
1864                       _
1919	
1921
1865 _ .
13,450,169
1866
12,836 013
1Rfi7
1922
1973
1924
12,880,060
12,678,548
1868
1869
9,911,935
1870	
1R71
1925
1926
1977
12,168,905
11,650,180
1872
12,269,135
1871
1928
12,633,510
1874	
1929    .
11,256,260
1875
1930   .
9,435,650
1R7fi
1931
7,684,155
1877
1932
6,523,644
1878
1933
5.375,171
1R79
1934
5,725,133
1880	
1935
5,048,864
1881
1936
5,722,502
1RR7
1937
6,139,920
1RR1
1938
5,565,069
1884
1919
1940
6,280,956
1RR5
7,088,265
1886	
1941
7.660,000
1RR7
1942
8,237,172
18RR
1941
7,742,030
1SR9
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
8,217,966
189(1
6,454,360
1R91
6.732,470
1892
8,680,440
1891
9,765,395
1894-
1940
1950
10,549,924
1895.   ...   ...            ....
10,119,303
1896
1951
10.169.617
1897
1957
9.729.739
1898
1951
9,528,279
1899    ..              	
1954
1955
9,154.544
1900
8,986,501
1901..                            .    .
1902
1956
1957
9,346,518
7,340,339
1903
1958                    	
5.937.860
1904
1959
5.472.064
1905
19fiO
5,242.223
1906
1961.
6,802.134
1907
196?
6,133,986
1908
19fi1
6,237,997
1909
1964    	
6.327.678
1910      ....
1911
1Q1->
1965..	
Totals-   	
6,713,590
138,873,881
1
$589,076,172
1911
i Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gioss mine output and includes material lost in picking and washing.
1910 and subsequent years the quantity is that sold and used.
2 Estimated breakdown of previously combined figure for three years.
For
 STATISTICS A 43
Table VIIIb.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal Sold and Used2
Mining Division and Period
Total Sales
Used under
Company
Boilers
Used in
Making
Coke
Total Sold and Used
Cariboo—
Total to 1950	
Total to date-
Fort Steele—
Total to 1950	
1951-60-  	
1961	
1962	
1963	
1964	
1965	
Tons
257
257
,287,472
,014,784
619,828
532,289
557,939
639,2^5
692,535
Total to date-
Kamloops—
Total to 1950 	
Total to date.
Liard—
Total to 1950 -
1951-60. 	
1961	
1962  	
1963  	
1964  —
41,344,112
14,348
14.348
58.417
36,083
2,062
1,389
1,146
50
Total to date.
Nanaimo—■
Total to 1950	
1951-60 	
1961	
1962.
99.147
1963
1964 —
1965	
Total to date.
Nicola—
Total to 1950.
1951-60—	
1961	
1962	
1963  	
Total to date .
2,740.700
Omineca—
Total to 1950 .
1951-60	
1961 	
1962	
1963 	
1964 _	
1965	
214.126
202,931
5.850
5,760
5.700
6,835
Total to date .
Osoyoos—
Total to 1950     	
Total to date_
Similkameen—
Total to 1950	
1951-60 _
1961  	
Total to date.
Skeena—
Total to 1950	
Total to date.
Provincial totals—
Total to 1950	
1951-60 	
1961	
1962 _ _..
1963   _.
1964	
1965	
105,543,235
9,426,670
704,254
623,097
641,573
704,532
729,520
Total to date
118,372,881
Tons
33
Tons
33
2,006,789
145,624
14,698
10.788
17,089
17.452
15,314
9,704,778
2,195.744
200,190
191,454
191,879
189.342
205,929
2,227,754    I    12,879,316
739
739    I
266
20
286
67,181,037
1,951,075
76,009
4,280,602
11,071
558,985
83.534
76,728
58.382
31,085
188,884
69,457,850    ]    4,291,673    I
2,731,340
9,016
159
125
60
558,985
188,884    |
4,095
5,900 I
. |
447,102 |
4,095
1.122  I
1.122  I
4,055,080 I
349,235
212,781 |
346 1
4.268,207 !
349.235
36 1
36 1
Tons
290
1,100
290    I
1,100
42,999,039
9,356,152
834,716
734,531
766,907
846,059
913,778
166,468,348
58,606,978
5,979,805
5,255,540
5,454,401
5,668,799
6,305,280
56,451,182    I 253,739,151
15,087
15,087
58,683
36,103
2,062
1,389
1,146
50
59,765
59,765
325,395
333,461
17,000
12,501
10,414
750
99,433
699,521
72,020,624
1,962,146
76,009
83.534
76,728
58.382
31,085
278,647,173
19,134,499
736,814
801,294
711,085
588.622
349,310
74.308.508    I 300,968,797
2,920.224
9,016
159
125
60
10,985,359
91,725
1.717
1,375
660
2,929,584    |    11,080,836
218,221
202.931
5,850
5.760
5.700
6,835
5,900
I
1,034,134
1,616,775
64,024
63,276
61,437
69,507
59,000
451.197
2,968,153
1,122
5.008
1,122
4,404,315
212,781
346
18,426.725
1,124.226
2.774
4,617,442    I    19,553,725
36
I
116
6,830,643
10,263,763
156,715
2,195.744
14,698
200,190
10,788
191,454
17,089
191,879
17,452
189.342
15,314
205,929
36
116
122.637,641
475,953,123
11,779,129
80,907,664
919.142
6.802,134
825.339
6,133,986
850,541
6,237,997
911,326
6,327,678
950.763
6,713,590
7,062,699    I    13,438,301
 I	
138,873,881    I 589,076472
i For differences between gross mine output and coal sold refer to table " Production and Distribution by
Collieries and by Districts " in section headed " Coal " or " Coal-mining " in this and preceding Annual Reports.
2 The totals " sold and used " include:—
Sales to retail and wholesale dealers, industrial users, and company employees.
Coal used in company boilers, including steam locomotives.
Coal used in making coke.
 A 44
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
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 STATISTICS
A 45
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1965
Dividends Paid during 1964 and 1965
1964
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd  $645,740
Brynnor Mines Ltd.   3,220,000
Cassiar Asbestos Corporation Ltd.   2,376,000
Craigmont Mines Ltd.  5,139,166
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of
Canada, Ltd  26,453,906
Crows Nest Industries Ltd  582,878
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd  279,018
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.  225,600
Others  5,000
1965
$646,050
6,220,000
2,748,750
3,807,956
30,036,524
583,865
140,429
151,240
3,310
Totals
$38,927,308      $44,338,124
Dividends Paid Yearly, 1917 to 1965, Inclusive
Year Amount Paid
1917  $3,269,494
1918  2,704,469
1919  2,494,283
1920  1,870,296
1921  736,629
1922  3,174,756
1923   2,983,570
1924  2,977,276
1925  5,853,419
1926  8,011,137
1927  8,816,681
1928  9,572,536
1929  11,263,118
1930  10,543,500
1931  4,650,857
1932  2,786,958
1933  2,471,735
1934  4,745,905
1935  7,386,070
1936  10,513,705
1937  15,085,293
1938  12,068,875
1939  11,865,698
1940  14,595,530
1941  16,598,110
1942  13,627,104
Year Amount Paid
1943  $11,860,159
1944
1945.
1946
1947.
1948.
   11,367,732
   10,487,395
   15,566,047
   27,940,213
   37,672,319
1949   33,651,096
1950   34,399,330
1951   40,921,238
1952   32,603,956
1953	
1954	
1955	
1956	
1957	
1958	
1959	
1960	
1961	
1962	
1963	
1964	
1965	
22,323,089
25,368,262
35,071,583
36,262,682
24,247,420
14,996,123
16,444,281
20,595,943
20,720,239
24,394,297
30,213,090
38,927,308
44,338,124
Total  $781,038,921
 A 46 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1965—Continued
Lode-gold Mines1
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Arlington	
Athabasca  —
Bayonne  	
Bralorne Mines Ltd.2 _ 	
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd. 2 	
Belmont-Surf Inlet 	
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd	
Cariboo-McKinney Con. M. & M. Co	
Canadian Pacific Exploration (Porto Rico).	
Centre Star 	
Fairview Amalgamated 	
Fern Gold Mining & Milling Co. Ltd	
Gold Belt Mining Co. Ltd 	
Goodenough (leasers) 	
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines Ltd  	
Island Mountain Mines Ltd 	
I.X.L. 	
Jewel-Denero   	
Kelowna Exploration Co. Ltd. (Nickel Plate)..
Kelowna Mines Hedley Ltd.	
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines Ltd.	
Le Roi Mining Co.	
Le Roi No. 2 Ltd	
Lome (later Bralorne)	
Motherlode	
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines Ltd  	
Nickel Plate (Hedley Gold Mining Co. Ltd.)...
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd.2	
Poorman   	
Premier Gold Mining Co. Ltd 	
Privateer Mine Ltd. ....	
Queen (prior to Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd.)
Relief Arlington Mines Ltd. (Second Relief)
Reno Gold Mines Ltd	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd.8 	
Silbak Premier Mines Ltd	
Spud Valley Gold Mines Ltd	
Sunset No. 2  	
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines Ltd	
War Eagle	
Ymir Gold	
Ymir Yankee Girl 	
Miscellaneous mines   ,	
Total, lode-gold mines	
Erie 	
Nelson 	
Tye Siding	
Bridge River.
Bridge River-
Princess Royal Island..
Wells   	
Camp McKinney.	
Nelson	
Rossland 	
Oliver _ 	
Nelson	
Sheep Creek..
Ymir	
Hedley	
Wells	
Rossland 	
Greenwood...
Hedley	
Hedley 	
Sheep Creek...
Rossland	
Rossland	
Bridge River..
Sheep Creek...
Zeballos	
Hedley 	
Bridge River-
Nelson 	
Premier	
Zeballos	
Sheep Creek ...
Erie  	
Sheep Creek..
Sheep Creek.
Premier	
Zeballos	
Rossland 	
Surf Inlet	
Rossland	
Ymir 	
Ymir.	
Gold _	
Gold	
Gold...	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold-copper
Gold	
Gold	
Gold 	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold _	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold 	
Gold 	
Gold 	
Gold-copper.
Gold-copper
Gold   	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold   	
Gold	
Gold   	
Gold 	
Gold _	
Gold   	
Gold   	
Gold	
Gold 	
Gold	
Gold-copper
Gold	
Gold-copper.
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
$94.
25
25
17,759.
4,464,
1,437.
1,679.
565,
37.
472.
5.
9.
668.
13.
1,290.
2,491
134,
11.
2,040,
780,
357,
1,475,
1,574,
20,
163,
165,
3,423,
10,048,
25,
18,858,
1,914,
98,
308,
1,433,
3,796,
2,425.
168.
115,
120,
1,245,
300,
415,
108,
,872
,000
,000
,500
955
,500
976
588
,500
.255
254
.375
.5953
,731
,553
,2363
,025
,751
,000
000*
,856
,000
.640
450
500
000
191
914
000
0755
183
674
0003
6403
8757
.0005
000
007
279
250
000
0023
623
$82,566,825
1 The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
2 Early in 1959 Bralorne Mines Ltd. and Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd. were merged under the name of
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd., and dividend payments for 1959 and subsequent years are entered under the new
company listing.
3 Includes " return of capital " and " liquidating " payments.
4 Former Kelowna Exploration Company Limited;  changed January, 1951.
5 Up to and including 1936, dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company Limited were derived from
operations of the company in British Columbia. Subsequent dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company
Limited have been derived from the operations of subsidiary companies in British Columbia and elsewhere and
are not included in the figure given. In 1936, Silbak Premier, a subsidiary of Premier Gold Mining Company,
took over the former gold operations of that company in British Columbia. Dividends paid by Silbak Premier
are given above.
o In March, 1956, the company name became Sheep Creek Mines Limited, and in September, 1965, it became
Aetna Investment Corporation Limited.
t In several years, preceding 1953, company revenue included profits from operations of the Lucky Jim zinc-
lead mine.
 STATISTICS A 47
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1965—Continued
Silver-Lead-Zinc Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Antoine....  	
Base Metals Mining Corporation Ltd.  (Monarch and Kicking Horse) 	
Beaverdell-Wellington __ 	
Beaver Silver Mines Ltd _  ,	
Bell.._.      	
Bosun (Rosebery-Surprise) 	
Canadian Exploration Ltd — 	
Capella
Iron Mountain (Emerald) .
Jackson 	
Last Chance 	
Lone Bachelor 	
Lucky Jim  _..
Mercury.
Meteor	
Monitor and Ajax..
Mountain Con	
McAllister 	
Noble Five	
North Star 	
No. One 	
Ottawa	
Payne
Providence  	
Queen Bess	
Rambler-Cariboo  	
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd...
Reco ..     	
Ruth Mines Ltd _	
St. Eugene
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.	
Silversmith and Slocan Star*..
Silver Standard Mines Ltd	
Spokane-Trinket	
Standard Silver Lead	
Sunset and Trade Dollar..
Sunshine Lardeau Mines Ltd..
Torbrit Silver Mines Ltd	
Utica   _ 	
Violamac Mines (B.C.) Ltd-
Wallace Mines Ltd. (Sally)...
Washington.
Western Exploration Co. Ltd..
Whitewater
Yale Lead and Zinc Mines Ltd..
Miscellaneous mines 	
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd  — —
Couverapee  	
Duthie Mines Ltd. 	
Florence Silver _  	
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd  	
Goodenough    _	
H.B. Mining Co  	
Highland Lass Ltd 	
Highland-Bell Ltd 	
Horn Silver   _	
Idaho-Alamo  _ _ —	
Rambler.
Field	
Beaverdell	
Greenwood...
Beaverdell
New Denver..
Salmo   	
New Denver.
Trail 	
Field.	
Smithers	
Ainsworth	
Spillimacheen.
Cody 	
Hall Creek	
Beaverdell	
Beaverdell 	
Similkameen...
Sandon	
Salmo 	
Retallack	
Three Forks....
Sandon .    	
Three Forks....
Sandon 	
Slocan City.....
Three Forks....
Cody 	
Three Forks	
Cody 	
Kimberley	
Sandon    _
Slocan City	
Sandon 	
Greenwood	
Alamo	
Rambler	
Remae	
Cody	
Sandon	
Moyie .
Invermere	
Sandon	
Hazelton	
Ainsworth	
Siiverton	
Retallack	
Beaton	
Alice Arm	
Kaslo 	
New Denver..
Beaverdell __
Rambler Station .
Siiverton	
Retallack	
Ainsworth 	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver
Silver
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver
Silver-
Silver
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
lead-zinc...
lead-zinc...
lead-zinc...
lead-zinc,
lead-zinc,
lead-zinc
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc,
lead-zinc,
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc...
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc...
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc .
■lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
•lead-zinc .
-lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc .
■lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc .
lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc .
lead-zinc.
-lead-zinc
lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
lead-zinc .
lead-zinc ..
lead-zinc,
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc.
lead-zinc..
■lead-zinc.
■lead-zinc.
lead-zinc-
$10,000
586,1431
97,200
48,000
388,297
25,000
11,175,400
5,500
610,464,8032
5,203
50,000
35,393
179,263
45,668
8,904
132,464
2,111,840
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
213,000
50,000
80,000
6,000
10,257
70,500
71,387
45,088
72,859
497,901
6,754
110,429
1,438,000
1142,2383
25,000
467,250
4,033,050
334,992
125,490
566,000
1,239,340
1,267,600
1,715,333
10,365
2,734,688
88,000
164,000
390,000
64,000
850,000
135,000
20,000
30,867
592,515
278,620
70,239
Total, silver-lead-zinc mines.
$643,831,840
i Includes $466,143 " return of capital " distribution prior to 1949.
2 Earnings of several company mines, and custom smelter at Trail.
3 Includes $10,504 paid in 1944 but not included in the yearly figure.
* These two properties were amalgamated as Silversmith Mines Limited in August, 1939.
 A 48 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1965—Continued
Copper Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Britannia M. & S. Co.i~
Canada Copper Corp	
Cornell  _
Craigmont Mines Ltd 	
Granby Cons. M. S. & P. Co.2„
Marble Bay..
Hall Mines...
Miscellaneous mines.
Total, copper mines.
Britannia Beach-
Greenwood 	
Texada Island—
Merritt	
Phoenix, Anyox, Copper
Mountain 	
Texada Island 	
Nelson 	
Copper.
Copper.
Copper
Copper
Copper..
Copper..
Copper..
Copper..
$18
13,
29
,803,772
615,399
8,500
925,574
873,226
175,000
233,280
261,470
$63,896,221
i The Britannia Mining and Smelting Co. Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Howe Sound Company
(Maine), paid the dividends shown to its parent company. On June 30, 1958, consolidation between the Howe
Sound Company (Maine) and Haile Mines Inc. became effective, bringing into existence Howe Sound Company
(Delaware). The Britannia mine became a division of the new Howe Sound Company, and in August Britannia
Mining and Smelting Co. was liquidated voluntarily. In January, 1963, the Britannia mine was purchased by
The Anaconda Company (Canada) Ltd.
2 The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company dividends commenced in 1904 and cover
all company activities in British Columbia to date. The figure includes all dividends, capital distributions, and
interim liquidating payments, the latter being $4,500,000 paid, in 1936, prior to reorganization.
Coal Mines
Wellington Collieries Ltd	
Bulkley Valley Collieries Ltd..
Crows Nest Industries Ltd.	
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd..
Unsworth & Dunn	
Total, coal mines..
Coal
Coal	
Tnal
Nanaimo .___  	
Nanaimo 	
Coal	
Coal  	
$16,000,000
24,000
20,286,342
828,271
7,065
$37,145,678
Iron Mines
Iron 	
$9,440,000
1,616,750
Total, iron mines	
$11,056,750
Asbestos Mines
Asbestos _
$17,368,750
Lode-gold mining
Aggregate of All Classes
$82,566,825
Silver-lead-zinc mining and smelting  643,831,840
Copper-mining  63,896,221
Coal-mining   37,145,678
Iron-mining  11,056,750
Asbestos-mining  17,368,750
Miscellaneous, structural, and placer gold  7,799,073
Total  $863,665,137
Note.—The term " miscellaneous " noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under,
together with payments made by companies or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance
given by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject.
 STATISTICS
A 49
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for
Operations of All Classes
Class
Salaries and
Wages
Fuel and
Electriciryi
Process
Supplies! 2
$59,699,328
12,220
2,921,692
3,435,769
3,679,036
5,190,691
$7,597,851
$25,925,734
319,002
20,159
1,079,993
2,507,497
2,823,096
1,821,642
$74,938,736
63,624,559
57,939,294
55,522,171
50,887,275
52,694.818
49,961,996
48,933.560
56,409,056
57,206.026
51,890,246
48,702.746
55,543,490
62,256,631
52.C07.171
42,738,035
41,023,786
38,813.500
32.160,338
26,190.200
22,620,975
23,131,874
26.051.487
20,913,160
26.050.491
23.391,330
22,357.035
22,765,711
21,349.090
17,887,619
16,753,367
$11,504,343
10,205,861
10,540,806
9,505,559
8,907.034
7,834,728
7,677,321
8,080.989
8,937,567
9.762,777
9,144,034
7,128.669
8.668,099
8.557.S45
7,283.051
6,775.998
7,206.637
0,139.470
5.319,470
5,427,458
7.239,726
5,788,671
7.432.585
7.006.109
3,770,747
3.474,721
3,266,000
3.396,106
3.066,311
2,724,144
2.619.039
$30,590,631
Totals, 1964                 _  	
27,629,953
1963 	
12,923,325
1962 -   	
14,024,799
1Q61
17,787,127
I960                                               	
21,496,912
1959.   -
1958         	
1957
17,371,638
15,053.036
24,257.177
1956       .....
1955 -   .             	
1954	
1953
22,036.839
21,131,572
19,654,724
20,979,411
10«?
27.024,500
1951                                -	
24,724,101
1950
17.500.663
1949
17,884,408
1948
1947          .       ..                    	
11,532,121
13,068,948
1946.  -	
1945           ...
1944
1943   ..                       ...   .
1942       	
1941                    ....
1940
1939       	
1938
1937
1936
8,367.705
5,750.628
6,138.084
6.572.317
6,863,398
7,260,441
6,962,162
6,714.347
6,544.500
6,845.330
4.434,501
107*
4.552.730
Grand totals, 1935-65 —
$1,269,376,359
$214,464,173
$453,684,028
1 In some cases prior to 1964 this detail is not available and is included in a total that contains expenditures
on fixed assets plus cost of goods, materials, and supplies not chargeable to fixed assets.
2 In previous years designated as "process supplies (except fuel)—explosives, flux, chemicals, drill steel,
oxygen, acetylene, diamonds, etc." The forms used in collecting data for all minerals excepting fuels and sulphur,
beginning with 1964, read: " Process, operating, maintenance and repair supplies . . . used in the mine/mill
operations; that is, explosives, chemicals, drill steel, bits, lubricants, electrical, etc., . . . not charged to Fixed
Assets Account . . . provisions and supplies sold in any company operated cafeteria or commissary." The
amount shown by 1964 returns is substantially greater than for any previous year, and because of the difference
in specification is not comparable.
a Prior to 1962 this included data related to the principal lode metals as detailed in Table 1. The lode
metals classed as miscellaneous metals in Table I were previously included under the heading " Miscellaneous
Metals and Industrial Minerals."
 A 50 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry,1 1901-65
Year
Lode-mining
Coal-mining
Structural
Materials
a is
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
1919	
1920	
1921	
1922	
1923	
1924	
1925	
1926	
1927	
1928	
1929	
1930	
1931	
1932	
1933	
1934	
1935	
1936	
1937	
1938	
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
1943	
1944	
1945	
1946	
1947	
1948	
1949	
1950	
1951	
1952	
1953	
1954	
1955	
1950	
1957	
1958	
1959	
1960	
1961	
1962	
1963	
1904	
1965	
 |2
299
415
355|2
341|2
425|2
688|1
87411
1,134[l
1,122|2
1.291|2
1,1 24|2
1,371|3
1,303|3
1,252|3
1,004|3
939|3
48912
21212
25511
209|1:
347|1.
360I3,
348(3,
SOS IS,
32713
205!3.
230'4
132|3,
19912,
10312,
10512.
67|2,
75|1.
99|1.
861,
741
8511,
3 4311.
5)1
211
,736
,219
,602
,143
,470
,6S0|1
.704 1
.567 I
,184 1
,472|1
.435|1
,472|1
.77811
,741|1
.70911
.357)2
,290|2
.020)1
.51 3|1
.07411
.355|
,510|1
,102|1
.353 jl
,298|2
000|1
671|1
,707|2
,926|2
,316|1
.463|
,355|
,78611
796il
740|1
959|1
603|1
849J2
905|2
92312
not jt
920|1
394 jl
800|1
933|1
918|1
02412
143|2
034|2
399|2
78513
171|3
145|2
64412
564|2
63712
393|2
91911
937|1
782|1
,785|1
684|2,
.752|2;
,839)2
,752'2
212
.126
088
163
,240
303
.239
3.948
3.345
2.750
3,306
3,710
3,983
3.943
127J3.094
,070|3,254
237|3.709
159 Is.594
,304)3.837
,505)4.278
433|4.174
,435|4.144
,036
,i98|r
704|4,390
74014,259
605
975
239
,393
.488
3.679
2.330
2,749
.516
3.618
,680
4,033
,840
5,138
,735
4.341
.916
4,587
.469
5,176
.052
4,978
,260
3,576
834
2,297
900
2,255
.835
3,121
.729
4,525
.497
4.237
,840
4.799
.818
5,421
,266
6,115
.050
5,955
.104
6.027
.823
5,724
,504
4,424
,099
4,093
,825
3,721
,750
3.683
,817
3,735
,238
5,262
,429
5.572
.724
5,758
.415
5.814
,695
7.480
.923
8,094
,589
5,734
,520
5,164
.553
5,117
,827
5,464
.447
4,840
,809
3,728
,761
3.698
,959
3,741
,582
3.367
,238
3,922
,423
4,175
,739
4,578
,805
4,557
,041
,101
,137
,278
,127
415
862
432
713
9 03
212
275
.950
 I -
 I -
 I -
 |S.
 *
 |4-
 |4,
 |4.
 4
 3
708
094
700J1
05811
145)1
191|2
722|2,
712|1,
808)2
8542
911|2
966|2
832)3
581|3
542J2
531|2
631|2
907|2
720)2
1,168|3
910(3
99613
1.048J2
1.025(3
960|3
891|2
849|2
822|2
672)2,
960)3,
1,126)3,
1,20Si3,
1,25913,
1,30714,
1,51614.
1,371|3.
1,129)3
1,091|3
1,043)3
838J3
62SI3
618|3
648)3.
626|3
950|3,
850|3
822|3
9653
3
,461)3
,842|3
,748|3
,948|3
,197|3
,15712
,036|2
,430|2
,890|2
,771|2
,678|2
,027|2
,158|2
,187(2
,944)2
,072|2
,555|1
,835)2
,98112
834|1
813|1
401 (1
884|1
763|1.
75911
044|1
120|1
,001|1
,119|1
,304|1
339|
,328|1
081|
.008]
034|
,118|
356|
,239)
,281
,5291
342
,894
,828
.757
.646
.814
.675
,389
,957
,628
241
.050
,145
,015
286
088
167|
.175
229|
892|
240|
150|
927|
773|
694|
5941
701|
745|
462|
280|
154
.076
100
968
020|
826
765|
894|
705|
548|
501|
4461
405
931
910
127
175
280
390
907
.641
,705
855
661
855
721
465
283
.366
,410
.769
,821
158
163|6.885
932|6.644
6.149
5,418
5.443
5,322
5,225
5,334
5,028
4.645
4,082
3,008
3,094
2.893
2,971
2,814
3.153
3,974
4,011
4,204
4,453
4,407
4,805
3,769
6,073
6,418
7,758
6,873
7.130
6,671
5,732
4,901
5,000
5,170
247
5.906
6.349
807
.524
,615
.565
579
.520
353
256
125
080
853
843
820
7!)9
807
874|2,96:
.976
2.874
2,723
:,360
2,851
2,839
2,430
2.305
2,425
2.466
.306
! 2,261
463|1.025
401|1,681
396J1.550
358|1,434
378|1,478
398|1,366
360|1,380
260|1,086
291 1,056
288|1,182
237|   942
809
699
494
468
611
689
503
532
731
872
545
516
228|
247|
267|
244)
776
748
713
649
493
324
647
138|
412
368]
492
544|
843
3 44
460
5 2 01
536
3291
376
209|
377
187|
530
270|
931
288|
724
327|
900
295!
652
31 1 |
827
334|
766
413|
842
378|
673
320|
690
351]
921
885]
827
555
977
585
1.591
056|
2,120
542|
1,916
616|
1,783
628]
1,530
557]
1,909
559|
1,861
638|
1,646
6411
1,598
770|
1,705
6251
1,483
677|
1,357
484]
1,704
557|
1,828
508|
1,523
481|
909
4601
1,293
444
1,079
422
10,
124|14,
14.
122
120
268
170
380
344
408
360
754
825)14
938|1G,
309|10
5G1|15
047J15,
422|15,
262|13,
567|12,
628|12,
586J11,
679|11.
869|14.
754]16.
626J16,
660|16,
491|17,
529|18,
634|15,
584J14,
722|14
854|14
474|13
446J11
459|10
589|11
571)11
517]11,
528|10
509|11
639 11
.922
,356
,014
,759
,117
.788
712
,767
,672
,467
467
,967
,949
906
135
453
658
637
225
028
215
393
767
451
,581
,172
830
424
565
032
171
524
369
985
737
179
129
021
890
705
084
270
448
314
820
933
899
397
621
612
863
257
790
128
102
539
257
201
779
541
,034
560
952
,645
,842
i Mining industry includes all branches of the mineral industry except petroleum and natural gas.
2 The average number employed in the industry is the sum of the averages for individual companies. The
average for each company is obtained by taking the sum of the numbers employed each month and dividing by
12, regardless of the number of months worked.
3 Includes estimated employment of 6 at Germansen Mines Ltd. and 35 at Wingdam and Lightning Creek
Mining Co. Ltd.
 STATISTICS
A 51
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines,
Net and Gross Value,1 1901-65
Year
Tonnage2
Number
of
Shipping
Mines
Number
of Mines
Shipping
over 100
Tons
Gross Value
as reported
by Shippers3
Freight
and
Treatment3
Net Value
to
Shipper*
Value of
Copper,
Lead and
Zinci
Gross Value
of Metals
Producedl
(Excluding
Placer)
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
3 917	
1918	
1919	
1920	
1921	
1922	
1923	
1924	
1925	
1926	
1927	
1928	
1929	
1930	
1931	
1932	
1933	
1934	
1935	
1936	
1937	
1938	
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
1943	
1944	
1945	
1946	
1947	
1948	
1949	
1950	
1951	
1952	
1953	
1954	
1955	
1956	
1957	
1958	
1959	
1960	
1961	
1962	
1963	
1964	
1965	
926,162
1,009,016
1,288,466
1,461,609
1.706,679
1.963,872
1,805,614
2,083,606
2,057,713
2,216,428
1,770,755
2,688,532
2,663,809
2,175,971
2,720,669
3,229,942
2,797,368
2,912,516
2,146,920
2,215,445
1,586,428
1,592,163
2,447,672
3,413,912
3,849,269
4,775,327
5,416,411
6,241,672
6,977,903
6,804,276
5,549.622
4,354,904
4,063.775
5,141,744
4,927,204
4,381.173
6,145,244
7,377,117
7,212,171
7,949,730
8,007,937
6,894,844
5,786,864
4,879,851
4,377,722
3,705,594
5,011,271
5,762,321
6,125,460
6,802,482
6,972,400
9,174,617
9,060,281
8,513,865
9,126,902
8,827,037
7,282.436
6,402,198
6,990.985
8,242,703
8,392,161
11,212,106
11,893,594
12,523,636
15,042,356
119
124
125
142
146
154
147
108
89
83
80
86
110
98
132
169
193
175
144
121
80
98
77
86
102
138
132
110
106
68
44
75
109
145
177
168
185
211
217
216
200
126
48
51
36
50
75
97
118
112
119
95
80
63
53
70
59
57
60
67
59
64
65
68
56
78
75
74
76
79
77
72
59
52
50
45
61
58
56
59
81
87
80
74
60
35
33
28
37
40
55
52
49
48
32
22
29
47
69
72
70
113
92
99
92
96
76
32
31
27
32
33
51
54
58
64
58
48
40
34
40
40
28
44
31
39
45
36
42
39
48,617
40,222
45,133
50,004
52,354
50,494,
37,234,
29,327
34,154
48,920
81,033,
118,713,
99,426
108,864,
142,590
140,070,
94,555,
106,223
119,039,
125,043
95,644.
83,023
92,287,
114,852,
112,488,
137,759,
139,881
169,503
166,386
920
,237
788
909
870
041
070
114
917
971
093
859
678
792
427
389
009
833
285
590
930
111
277
001
918
188
792
,670
,094
I
4,663
4,943
4,416
6,334,
5,673,
5,294
3,940
2,877
2.771
2,904
4,722
18,585
19,613
22,113
25,096
30,444
27.815,
29,135,
30,696
31,933
30,273
28,068
27,079,
29.505,
30,304,
34,274,
34,008,
39,516,
28,592
843
754
919
611
048
637
367
706
292
130
010
183
185
431
743
575
152
673
044
681
900
396
911
158
050
698
151
,641
,8355
38,558
27,750
29,070
34.713,
21,977
10,513,
7,075
13,976
20,243.
25,407
30,051
43,954
35,278,
40,716,
43,670,
46.681
45,199
33,293,
26.449
31,383,
46,016,
76,311
100,128,
79,814.
86,751
117,493
106,601,
66,739,
77,088,
88,343,
93,110,
65,370,
54,955
05,208
85,340,
82,184
103.484,
105,873
129,987
137,793
613
364
075
887
688
931
393
358
278
914
207
077
483
869
298
822
40-1
703
408
625
841
087
727
604
361
684
451
892
160
241
262
185
069
728
903
868
490
641
,029
,259
6,457,149
4,275,123
5,237,622
5,999,911
8,414,444
10,973,243
10,504,102
7,972,344
8,027,781
6.450,335
5,770,257
10,530,279
9,594,742
8,239,321
13.235,224
24,835,941
22.155,535
20,970,596
13,007,180
13,726,993
8,525,043
10,587,382
17,923,939
25,125,528
36,578,048
40,668,566
35,395,438
38,211,267
43,436,831
33,645,669
17,624,413
13,176,965
15,915,836
19,729,720
21,800,218
25,283,229
41,714,705
29,541,421
27,939,627
34,203,578
34,607,700
35,313,546
34,903,052
29,494,325
39,077,876
47,006,285
79,819,647
105,005,155
91,067,630
94,711,755
129,460,924
118,181,241
95,161,406
94,887,953
114,142,703
120,889,292
97,945,232
80,826,443
82,209.495
98,902,362
96,649,609
119,103,045
128,721,353
136,659,990
124,512,185
I
13
11
11
12
15
17
16
14
14
13
11
17,
17,
15,
19,
31
26,
27,
19,
19
12
19
25
35
46
51
44
48,
52
41
23
19
25
34
41
44
63
54
54
63
04
62,
54,
41
50
58
95
123
109
116,
152,
147
126
123
142
149
125,
104,
104,
130,
128,
159,
172,
] 180
j 176,
$
288,355
090,421
579,663
309,455
319,865
501,202
273,305
580,991
191,141
228,731
454,062
662,766
191,432
225,727
995,212
512,148
803,934
637,302
771,717
465,932
927,217
236,601
349,215
538,816
200,650
512,289
978,042
496.950
686,634
633,145
238,477
734,327
214,936
462,793
111,560
640,004
666,000
288,698
737,557
095,238
421,668
584,368
543,124
733,036
275,001
359,386
528,728
505.044
691,706
566,320
877,635
360,895
350,912
594,282
391,009
331,373
272,668
093,241
867,557
196,595
465,488
530,089
716,557
870.817
844,096
i Gross value calculated by valuing gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury (1938-44, 1955), and nickel (1936-37,
1958-65) at yearly average prices, and iron (1901-03, 1907, 1918-23, 1928, 1948-65), tungsten (1939-45, 1947-58), and
molybdenum beginning  1964 at values given by operators.
2 Includes ores of iron, mercury, nickel, tungsten, and silica (flux).
3 Data not collected before 1937.
4 Previous to 1937 the shipper reported " Net Value at Shipping Point," no indication being given as to how the net
value was computed. From 1937 on, the shipper has reported " Gross Value," from which deduction of freight and
treatment gives " Net Value."
5 As a result of a change in the questionnaire used, the transportation costs relating to the shipment of 230,689 tons
of ore or concentrates are not included.
 A 52
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
1.1
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 STATISTICS
A 53
3
I
2,857
4,329
&
j
1,039
13,221
690,284
t                          \o
in
Os
8
M
5
613
7,002
11,508
IN
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Lb.
40,372
3,757,971
9,558,136
3,705,534
2,000,000
o
ON
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oo
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oo
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Oz.
261
108,589
36,793
43,114
274
14,915
19,194
647,993
93,906
43
Oz.
2
1,730
17,640
2,674
669
1,246
580
15,862
o
4)
T
5
0
Copper concentrates, 8,922 tons
Copper    concentrates,    15,048
tons;   iron concentrates,
93,312 tons
Iron     concentrates,     595,273
tons;    copper concentrates,
9,318 tons
Nickel-copper concentrates, 18,-
800   tons;    nickel   content,
3,770,000 lbs.
Iron concentrates, 395,442 tons
Gold-silver    concentrates    and
precipitates, 70 tons
Copper concentrates  and  precipitates,   8,774   tons;    zinc
concentrates, 664 tons;   tailings, 45,807 tons
Lead concentrates, 1,924 tons;
zinc concentrates, 418 tons;
jig concentrates, 219 tons
Copper    concentrates,    18,271
tons
Crude orp
Tons
553
187,472
292,165
1,310,064
330,954
820,890
2,336
226,005
23,198
703,420
58
R. I. Bennett, Heriot Bay...
Mount Washington Milling Co.
Ltd., Vancouver
Coast   Copper   Co.   Ltd.,   Port
McNeill
Texada Mines Ltd., Vancouver
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd.,  Vancouver
Jedway Iron Ore Ltd., Vancouver
Kennedy Silver Mines Ltd., Vancouver
Silbak Premier Mines Ltd., Vancouver
The   Anaconda   Co.    (Canada)
Ltd., Britannia Beach
Mastodon-Highland   Bell  Mines
Ltd., Vancouver
The Granby Mining Co. Ltd.,
Phoenix Copper Division, Vancouver
D. C. Wing, Greenwood 	
Quadra Island..
Courtenay	
Benson Lake	
Texada Island.,
Choate	
>
•a
s
35
t.
a
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Beaverdell
Greenwood
Greenwood	
Nanaimo Mining
Division
s
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Mining Division
Pride of Emory.  _	
Skeena Mining
Division
Jessie, Adonis  	
o
>
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C
S3
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Fancouver Mining
Division
Victoria Mining
Division
Nil 	
South Central
British Columbia
Greenwood Mining
Division
HiEhland-Bell	
i
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0
a
 A 54
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
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 A 56
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<
 STATISTICS A 57
Table XV.—Lode-metal Operations' Employment During 1965 x
Name of Mine or Operator
Days
Operating
Tons
Average Number
Employed
Mine
Mill
Mined
Milled
Mine
Mill
Shipping Mines
Bethlehem   Copper  Corp.  Ltd.   (including  Floods
251
362
255
190
214
306
365
301
365
269
365
268
264
255
345
260
365
239
272
84
365
253
254
365
296
i
365
362
325
1160
214
263
365
365
365
269
230
268
365
363
314
240
365
239
255
66
365
350
265
365
295
......
1,788,371
256,332
115,731
228,450
224,299
1,021,691
377,124
41,010
292,165
1,005,476
5,143,200
330,954
703,420
415,290
835,231
10,973
26,081
23,894
145,196
13,330
243,028
409,504
2,516,794
1,261,178
364,115
1,788,371
256,332
115,731
226,005
224,299
843,933
377,124
28,862
292,165
1,314,199
2,287,000
330,954
703,420
415,290
820,890
10,925
23,000
23,198
145,il96
9,347
187,472
409,504
2,516,794
1,310,064
364,115
132
146
273
239
116
151
196
109
200
329
H26
138
86
111
63
20
26
41
93
45
8
100
724
230
52
17
19
10
14
39
31
18
11
44
108
10
115
30
11
16
40
14
12
32
13
11
245
43
55
Bluebell (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)	
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd ...	
10
40
23
13
20
Canadian Exploration Ltd. (Jersey)...   	
14
9
9
147
131
19
Granby Mining Co. Ltd. (Phoenix)   ..
H.B. (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)	
32
18
63
Johnsby Mines Ltd. (Hecla)     	
London Pride Silver Mines Ltd. (Cork Province)	
4
7
8
13
Minoca Mines Ltd. (Yreka) 	
Mt. Washington Milling Co. Ltd.  (including Shaak
3
44
17
Sullivan (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)	
(184
36
44
2
Development and Explorations'*
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd...   	
Britannia (The Anaconda Co. (Canada) Ltd.)... 	
Canex Aerial Exploration Ltd	
	
	
Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co. of Canada Ltd.....
Craigmont Mines Ltd  .„
	
Endako Mines Ltd	
Granduc Operating Co _       . ...
Granduc Mines Ltd	
Gunnex Ltd.          _ 	
	
Julian Mining Co. Ltd.	
Lornex Mining Corp. Ltd	
Newmont Mining Corp. of Canada Ltd	
	
Noranda Exploration Co. Ltd	
Phelps Dodge Corp. of Canada Ltd _	
	
Southwest Potash Corp   	
Stikine Copper Ltd _	
	
Utah Construction & Mining Co _ 	
Other companies     	
1 The average number employed includes wage-earners and salaried employees.   The average is obtained by
adding the monthly figures and dividing by 12, irrespective of the number of months worked.
2 May not include employees of contractors doing diamond drilling and other work.
 Departmental Work
ADMINISTRATION BRANCH
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the
Provincial laws regarding the acquisition of rights to mineral and to coal, petroleum,
and natural gas, and deals with other departments of the Provincial service for the
Department or for any branch.
Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-Mining Recorders, whose
duties are laid down in the Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act, administer these
Acts and other Acts relating to mining. Mining Recorders, in addition to their
own functions, may also exercise the powers conferred upon Gold Commissioners
with regard to mineral claims within the mining division for which they have been
appointed. Similar duties may be performed by Mining Recorders with regard to
placer claims but not in respect of placer-mining leases. Recording of location and
of work upon a mineral claim as required by the Mineral Act and upon a placer
claim or a placer-mining lease as required by the Placer-mining Act must be made
at the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the claim or
lease is located. Information concerning claims and leases and concerning the
ownership and standing of claims and leases in any mining division may be obtained
from the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situated
or from the Department's offices at Victoria, and Room 320, 890 West Pender
Street,* Vancouver. Officials in the offices of the Gold Commissioner at Victoria
and the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver act as Sub-Mining Recorders for all
mining divisions. Sub-Mining Recorders, who act as forwarding agents, are
appointed at various places throughout the Province. They are authorized to
accept documents and fees, and forward them to the office of the Mining Recorder
for the correct mining division. Officials and their offices in various parts of the
Province are listed in the table on page A 59.
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)
Transcripts of all recordings in Mining Recorders' offices throughout the
Province are sent to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner in Victoria twice
each month, and include the names of lessees of reverted surveyed mineral claims.
These records and maps showing the approximate positions of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases may be consulted by the public during office
hours at Victoria and at the office of the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver, Room
320, 890 West Pender Street.* The approximate position of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases are plotted from details supplied by locators.
* New address, effective August, 1966.
A 58
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 59
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province
Mining Division
Alberni.
Atlin	
Cariboo	
Clinton	
Fort Steele.
Golden	
Greenwood-
Kamloops	
Liard	
Lillooet	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
New Westminster-
Nicola	
Omineca	
Osoyoos. 	
Revelstoke	
Similkameen	
Skeena	
Slocan  	
Trail Creek _
Vancouver.-
Vernon	
Victoria	
Location of Office
Alberni	
Atlin „„
Quesnel	
Clinton	
Cranbrook..
Golden	
Grand Forks..
Kamloops	
Victoria	
Lillooet	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
New Westminster-
Merritt 	
Smithers _ _
Penticton	
Revelstoke	
Princeton	
Prince Rupert...
Kaslo	
Rossland	
Vancouver..
Vernon	
Victoria	
Gold Commissioner
T. G. O'Neill	
D. P. Lancaster...
F. E. P. Hughes...
R. H. Archibald.
E. L. Hedley	
W. G. Mundell...
R. Macgregor	
F. J. Sell	
R. H. McCrimmon.
B. J. H. Ryley	
E. B. Offln	
G. L. Brodie	
J. F. McDonald	
T. S. Dobson	
G. H. Beley	
T. S. Dalby...	
D. V. Drew„
B. Kennelly..
T. H. W. Harding..
T. P. McKinnon	
W. L. Draper	
J. Egdell
W. T. McGruder	
R. H. McCrimmon.
Mining Recorder
T. G. O'Neill.
D. P. Lancaster.
F. E. P. Hughes.
R. H. Archibald.
E. L. Hedley.
W. G. Mundell.
R. Macgregor.
F. J. Sell.
B. J. H. Ryley.
E. B.Offin.
G. L. Brodie.
E. W. Pedersen.
T. S. Dobson.
G. H. Beley.
T. S. Dalby.
D. V. Drew.
B. Kennelly.
T. H. W. Harding.
T. P. McKinnon.
W. L. Draper.
Mrs. S. Jeannotte (Deputy).
W. T. McGruder.
E. J. Bowles.
 A 60
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
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 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 61
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the
Petroleum and Natural Gas Act and for the Coal Act. Information concerning
applications for permits and leases issued under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act
and concerning the ownership and standing of them may be obtained upon application to the office of the Chief Commissioner, Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Similar information may be obtained respecting licences
and leases issued under the Coal Act. Maps showing the locations of permits and
leases under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act are available, and copies may be
obtained upon application to the office of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Monthly reports listing additions and revisions to permit-
location maps and listing changes in title to permits, licences, and leases and related
matters are available from the office of the Chief Commissioner upon application
and payment of the required fee.
Coal Revenue, 1965
Licences—
Fees  $675.00
Rental __„  4,697.95
Leases—
Fees      	
Rental  .     	
Cash in lieu     	
Miscellaneous (purchase coal rights)   $9,450.00
$5,372.95
9,450.00
$14,822.95
At the end of 1965, 35,237,492 acres, or approximately 55,059 square miles,
of Crown petroleum and natural-gas rights, issued pursuant to the Petroleum and
Natural Gas Act, were held in good standing. This acreage, held by operators
ranging from small independent companies to major international ones, comprised:—
Acreage
319 permits  23,517,709
 natural-gas licence	
34 drilling reservations         534,868
3,779 leases (all types)   11,184,915
35,237,492
Petroleum and Natural-gas Revenue, 1965
Rentals and fees—
Permits 	
$1,176,501
114,483
Drilling reservations 	
Natural-gas licences 	
Petroleum, natural-gas, and petroleum and
natural-gas leases      7,013,187
Total rentals and fees
$8,304,171
 A 62
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Petroleum and Natural-gas Revenue, 1965—Continued
Sales of Crown reserves—
Permits   $ 1,825,322
Drilling reservations      3,278,641
Leases    13,057,470
Total Crown reserve sales
Royalties—
Gas   	
Oil 	
Processed products	
Total royalties	
Miscellaneous fees 	
.$18,161,433
$1,682,444
3,697,668
93,226
5,473,338
17,790
Total petroleum and natural-gas revenues $31,956,732
ANALYTICAL AND ASSAY BRANCH
By S. W. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer
Rock Samples
During 1965 the chemical laboratory in Victoria issued reports on 2,521 samples from prospectors* and Departmental engineers. A laboratory examination of
a prospector's sample generally consists of the following: (1) A spectrographic
analysis to determine if any base metals are present in interesting percentages; (2)
assays for precious metals and for base metals shown by the spectrographic analysis
to be present in interesting percentages. The degree of radioactivity is measured on
all samples submitted by prospectors and Departmental engineers; these radiometric
assays are not listed in the table below.
The laboratory reports were distributed in the following manner among prospectors who were not grantees, prospectors who were grantees under the Prospector's Grub-stake Act, and Departmental engineers:—
Samples
Spectrographic
Analyses
Assays
Prospectors (not grantees)..
Prospectors (grantees)	
Departmental engineers	
Totals	
1,967
215
339
1,968
215
222
5,197
476
934
2,521
2,405
f
6,607
An additional 116 spectrographic analyses were done for Departmental engineers, but the results were not reported.
Samples submitted to the laboratory for identification are examined by the
Mineralogical Branch of the Department. During the year 69 such samples were
examined.
Petroleum and Natural-gas Samples
Reports were issued on 88 samples. Of this number, 29 were samples of formation waters from wells being drilled for gas and oil in the Province, 55 were crude-
oil and condensate samples, and three were samples from suspected oil seeps.
* A reasonable number of samples are assayed, without charge, for a prospector who makes application for
free assays and who satisfies the Chief Analyst that prospecting is his principal occupation during the summer
months.   A form for use in applying for free assays may be obtained from the office of any Mining Recorder.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 63
Finally, a sample of material from the discharge valves of a Westcoast transmission
station was examined, and found to be mainly sodium chloride. In this category
26 spectrographic analyses were reported.
Coal Samples
Reports were issued on 37 samples of coal submitted by the Purchasing Commission for proximate analysis and calorific value. One additional sample was
submitted by the Water Resources Service.
Miscellaneous Samples
Reports were issued on 386 samples of a miscellaneous nature. Four hundred
and twenty-four assays and 17 spectrographic analyses were reported in this category.
For the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, for the Inspection
Branch, 32 samples of AN/FO (ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture) were analysed
for their fuel-oil content, and a sample of well water was examined for the presence
of mill chemicals; for the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch, two rock samples
were spectrographed for the presence of phosphorus.
For the Department of Highways, Materials Testing Branch, a sample of road
de-icing salt was spectrographed; chloride was determined in a salt collecting on a
tunnel lining; four concrete surface materials were spectrographed; 54 analyses
were made upon six samples consisting of seepage and creek waters, and 10 analyses
were made on two other water samples; a spectrographic analysis was conducted
on a clay sample, and sodium was determined in the same sample.
For the Water Resources Service, the resistivity of six samples of drilling mud
was determined.
For the District Water Rights Engineer at Nelson, a water sample was examined
for the presence of diesel oil.
For an official at the Courthouse at Nelson, a sample of limestone was spectrographed, and calcium oxide was determined in the sample.
For the Department of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce, a piece
of stained foam rubber from a business machine was examined by the spectrograph
to determine the nature of the stains.
For the Forest Research Laboratory, a sample of quartz was spectrographed.
For the University of Victoria, cells from a sea cucumber were examined by
the spectrograph.
For the Department of Public Works, one sample of soil was examined for the
presence of fuel-oil.
For the City of Victoria, for smoke inspection, determination was made of the
weight of residues collected in 312 bottles of water placed in various locations in the
city; a determination was made of the chloride content of a sample of fly ash and
cinder.
For citizens of the Province, three materials suspected of being oil seeps were
examined, and a sediment in one of them was assayed for iron; a sample of clay
from Sproat Lake was identified by X-ray diffraction analysis; three water samples
were examined for arsenic; zinc was determined in a sediment by spectrographic
analysis; a grey metal attached to a piece of gold was examined by the spectrograph;
finally, the water in a lake near Osoyoos was examined.
X-ray Powder Diffraction Analyses
Eighty-two analyses of this type were performed for identification purposes.
 A 64 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Examination for Assayers
The Provincial Government examinations for certificates of efficiency were held
in May. Four candidates were examined—two at Trail and two at Victoria. Two
of the candidates were granted licences, and two failed the examination.
INSPECTION BRANCH
Organization and Staff
Inspectors and Resident Engineers
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector Victoria
Robert B. Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines Victoria
L. Wardman, Senior Electrical Inspector of Mines Victoria
E. R. Hughes, Senior Inspector of Mines Victoria
R. J. Craig, Senior Inspector of Mines, Silicosis Control Vancouver
S. Elias, Inspector, Silicosis Control Vancouver
J. E. Merrett, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
A. R. C. James, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
D. R. Morgan, Inspector and Resident Engineer Cranbrook
David Smith, Inspector and Resident Engineer Kamloops
W. C. Robinson, Inspector and Resident Engineer Kamloops
Harry Bapty, Inspector and Resident Engineer Prince Rupert
P. E. Olson, Inspector and Resident Engineer Nelson
W. G. Clarke, Inspector and Resident Engineer Prince George
The Inspectors are stationed at the places listed and inspect coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their respective districts. They also examine prospects, mining properties, and roads and trails. The Silicosis Control Inspectors
make dust and ventilation surveys at all mines and quarries. E. R. Hughes supervised the Department's roads and trails programme and prospectors' grub-stakes.
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations
Arthur Williams Fernie Station
W. H. Childress Nanaimo Station
T. H. Robertson Kamloops Station
G. J. Lee Nelson Station
Staff Changes
A new office was established at Prince George, and W. G. Clarke was appointed
to administer a new district extending north from Williams Lake to the Yukon
boundary and east from Smithers to the Alberta boundary.
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman and Secretary Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member Vancouver
D. R. Morgan, Member Cranbrook
R. B. Bonar, A. R. C. James, D. R. Morgan, and the mine-rescue instructors
for the district in which an examination is being held form the Board for granting
certificates of competency to coal-miners.
An Inspector is empowered to grant provisional certificates to coal-miners for
a period not exceeding 60 days between regular examinations.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 65
Board of Examiners for Shiftbosses (Metalliferous Mines)
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member .Vancouver
J. E. Merrett, Member Vancouver
The Board conducts written examinations in various mining centres for
applicants for underground shiftboss certificates. The Board is also empowered to
grant provisional certificates without examination under such conditions as the
Board considers necessary.
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH
Field work by officers of the Mineralogical Branch includes geological mapping
and examinations of mineral deposits and studies related to ground-water and
engineering geology. The results are published partly in the Annual Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources and partly in a series of bulletins.
Since March, 1964, a charge has been made for Annual Reports and bulletins.
The Mineralogical Branch supplies information regarding mineral deposits and the
mineral industry, in response to inquiries received in great number. The activities
of the Branch also include identification of rock and mineral specimens submitted
directly by prospectors and others, or through the Analytical Branch.
Professional Staff
On December 31, 1965, the professional staff included the following geologists,
all stationed at Victoria:—
H. Sargent Chief of the Branch
M. S. Hedley Senior Geologist
Stuart S. Holland Geologist
J. W. McCammon Geologist
N. D. McKechnie Geologist
G. E. P. Eastwood Geologist
James T. Fyles Geologist
A. Sutherland Brown Geologist
J. M. Carr Geologist
W. G. Jeffery Geologist
A. F. Shepherd Geologist
E. W. Grove Geologist
N. C. Carter Geologist
R. V. Kirkham was employed for the field season; in the autumn he returned
to the University of Wisconsin to continue postgraduate studies in geology. N.
Haimila was employed for the field season, finaliz;ng geological mapping in the
Buttle Lake area, on which he had worked under W. G. Jeffery in 1964.
A total of 15 field assistants was employed on the various projects undertaken
in 1965.
J. E. Hughes was transferred to the geological staff of the Petroleum and
Natural Gas Branch at the beginning of the summer.
Technical editing of the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources and of other publications was directed by M. S. Hedley. Copy for
printing was prepared by and under the direction of Mrs. Rosalyn J. Moir. Messrs.
Hedley and Holland assisted in directing and supervising field work. Most of the
other members of the professional staff are assigned to mapping the geology of
selected areas and of mineral deposits.   Mr. McCammon is responsible for studies
3
 A 66 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
of industrial minerals and structural materials, and Mr. Shepherd for records and
library.
Mrs. C. Cameron, formerly in charge of manuscript'preparation, worked part
time during the summer and autumn preparing the first draft manuscript for Index
No. 4 to reports and bulletins published in the years 1954 to 1965.
Field Work, 1965 Season
A. Sutherland Brown visited properties on the Queen Charlotte Islands, in the
Pinchi Lake area (Fort St. James to Kwanika Creek), and in the Smithers-Terrace-
Houston area. In the course of this work, detailed records of exploratory work on
the Jedway, Jib, and Tasu properties on the Queen Charlotte Islands were brought
up to date, and specimens of intrusive rocks were collected for age determination.
Mercury prospects in the Pinchi Lake area were visited and a careful study was
made of the use of the Lemaire mercury detector. In visiting molybdenum prospects, in the Smithers-Terrace area, evidence of mercury halos surrounding molybdenum occurrences was found. This information is of probable value in prospecting for molybdenum.
N. C. Carter mapped an area including copper deposits on McDonald Island
and Newman Peninsula in the northern Babine Lake area. The work included
examining four properties, two of which have been drilled extensively. Mapping
was done in detail at the Granisle property on McDonald Island and the Newman
property of Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, and in less detail over the
rema;nder of Newman Peninsula and the shores of Babine Lake. Later he examined or visited some 16 properties in the Alice Arm area, including the new
molybdenum discovery at the head of Dak River, and visited prospects on the
upper Illiance River.
J. M. Carr, with two senior assistants and three junior assistants, mapped
areas of Topley intrusive rocks in the vicinity of Francois Lake. This work included
mapping a total of some 280 square miles in considerable detail, and a further 100
square miles of reconnaissance mapping. In the course of this work, diamond-drill
core was logged and other detailed work was done on nine properties that have
been under exploration for molybdenum. In addition to mapping in the Francois
Lake area, a molybdenum prospect south of Manson Creek and a copper-silver
prospect on Tesla Mountain were examined.
G. E. P. Eastwood, with one field assistant, spent most of the field season on
detailed mapping at the nickel-copper mine of Giant Mascot Mines Limited near
Choate and spent a lesser period at the A.M. property of Canam Copper Company,
Ltd., reached from Mile 27 on the Hope-Princeton Highway.
James T. Fyles, with one field assistant, continued a study of stratiform lead-
zinc deposits in the Revelstoke-Arrow Lakes area. The 1965 work included detailed
mapping at the Jordan River property and mapping at less detail in a 100-square-
mile area on Mount Copeland northwest of Revelstoke.
E. W. Grove, with a junior assistant, continued maoping in the Stewart area.
Mapping of Bear River Ridge was essentially completed, using the helicopter for
establishing camps at high elevation and to reach points difficult of access.
Work in 1964 and 1965, including reconnaissance extending eastward into
the Bowser basin, makes possible some revisions in geological interpretation in this
important area. Preliminary consideration was given to the problems of extending
mapping westward into the Leduc Glacier-Unuk River area. This work must be
supported by helicopter, but completion of the road to the Granduc camp-site at
Tide Lake improves the position materially.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 67
Stuart S. Holland examined properties under exploration in the Kamloops,
Wells, Mount Haskin, McDame, and Dease Lake areas, and made a start at
intensive study of the molybdenum occurrences at Rossland.
N. Haimila, with one assistant, finished a programme of geological mapping
in the Buttle Lake-Great Central Lake area on Vancouver Island that was started
by W. G. Jeffery in 1963 and continued by Jeffery in 1964 with Haimila as senior
assistant.
W. G. Jeffery, with one assistant, spent the field season in the Stikine River
area, mapping an area of 31 square miles, including Galore Creek, and visiting
prospects in the surrounding district.
R. V. Kirkham, with one assistant, continued detailed studies on Hudson Bay
Mountain near Smithers. This work essentially completed surface mapping in an
area of about 100 square miles. More detailed work within the area included
logging drill core from the principal molybdenum prospect and from a silver-lead-
zinc prospect. Reconnaissance was done looking toward a geological study in an
area of about 350 square miles, including Hudson Bay Mountain and the area
extending to Rocher Deboule Mountain.
J. W. McCammon, with one assistant, examined industrial-mineral and structural-material deposits, including limestone at Clinton, Kunga Island, Terrace, Prince
George-Fort McLeod, Creston, and Duncan; talc at North Bend and Illecillewaet;
silica at Rose Prairie, Longworth, Sicamous, Ymir, and Sheep Creek; barite at
Mile 547 and Mile 397 on the Alaska Highway and at Parson and Brisco; gypsum
at Lussier River in the Windermere area; mica schist at Chemainus; and fluorite
at Hot Springs (Mile 397 on the Alaska Highway) and on Quesnel Lake.
N. D. McKechnie examined 31 properties under exploration from Vancouver
Island to Nelson in the southern part of the Province.
Air-borne Magnetometer Mapping
As a project financed jointly by the Geological Survey of Canada and the
British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources, the contractor,
Spartan Air Services Ltd., did the field work for the production of eight adjoining
aeromagnetic maps at the scale 1:25,000, covering the area between 50 degrees 45
minutes and 51 degrees 00 minutes north latitude and between 118 degrees 30
minutes and 120 degrees 30 minutes west longitude. The maps, numbered 4405g to
4412g, inclusive, and named respectively the East Half and West Half of Malakwa,
Sorrento, Chase, and Heffley, British Columbia, were released in November, 1965,
and January, 1966. Subsequently four sheets at 1 mile to the inch, covering the
same area, were released by the Geological Survey.
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS BRANCH
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is responsible for the administration
of the Regulations Governing the Drilling of Wells and the Production and Conservation of Oil and Natural Gas, and the Regulations Establishing Gas-Oil Ratio
Adjustment Factors, Oil Production Allowables, Overproduction and Underproduction, made pursuant to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.
The former provides for the use of efficient and safe practices in the drilling,
completion, and abandonment of wells; for the orderly development of fields discovered within the Province; and for the conservation and prevention of waste of
oil and natural gas within the reservoir and during production operations.
The regulation concerning gas-oil ratio factors, production allowables, and
overproduction and underproduction provides for conservation of reservoir energy
 A 68 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1965
by limiting the volume of oil that can be produced during any day, month, or year
from a well or pool in accordance with the schedule of gas-oil ratio adjustment factors. The factors, which are applied against oil production, are applicable when
the average volume of gas produced with each barrel of oil exceeds a specified level,
and when applied result in reduction of the producing rate. Overproduction and
underproduction are adjusted on a monthly basis.
Every well location must be approved by the Branch before the well is drilled.
All operations related to drilling and production are inspected frequently to ensure
compliance with the provision of all regulations, including such features as facilities
and practices used, adequate plugging of abandoned wells, surface restoration of
well-sites, well testing and measurement procedures employed, disposal of produced
water, protection of installations against fire, and general conservation.
Investigations are made of complaints of property damage resulting from drilling and producing operations, and from geophysical work programmes.
Comprehensive records of all drilling and producing operations are maintained
at Victoria and are made available for study, or are published, for the use and benefit of anyone interested in oil or gas development in British Columbia. Samples of
bit cuttings, as well as all core, obtained from every well drilled in the Province, are
collected and retained at the field office located at Charlie Lake, where they may be
studied by interested persons. Charlie Lake is adjacent to the Alaska Highway
about 5 miles northwest of Fort St. John.
Detailed reservoir engineering and geological studies are conducted on the
basis of technical information submitted to the Branch from operating companies,
as well as information acquired through field work by Branch personnel. Estimates
of the reserves of oil and natural gas are made twice a year, at the end of June and
December. Crown-owned oil and natural-gas rights are evaluated prior to being
disposed of by public tender.
Administration
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is subdivided for administrative purposes into three sections. The sections and the supervisors are as follows: Reservoir
Engineering, R. R. McLeod; Development Engineering, W. L. Ingram; and Geology, S. S. Cosburn.
The field office at Charlie Lake, which includes the core and sample laboratory,
is supervised by the District Engineer, G. E. Blue.
Staff
Headquarters, Victoria
J. D. Lineham Chief of Branch
R. R. McLeod Deputy Chief of Branch and Senior Reservoir Engineer
K. C. Gilbart Reservoir Engineer
G. V. Rehwald Reservoir Engineer
P. K. Huus Reservoir Technician
W. L. Ingram Senior Development Engineer
M. B. Hamersley Development Assistant
J. F. Tomczak Statistician
S. S. Cosburn Senior Petroleum Geologist
J. E. Hughes Petroleum Geologist
D. L. Griffin Petroleum Geologist
H. B. Fulton Petroleum Geologist
D. M. Callan Petroleum Geologist
 DEPARTMENTAL work
A 69
The headquarters staff includes also one geological draughtsman, one clerk-
stenographer, three clerks, and three clerk-typists.
Field Office, Charlie Lake
G. E. Blue	
D. L. Johnson	
M. A. Churchill.
D. A. Selby	
G. T. Mohler.	
.District Engineer
.....Field Engineer
..Field Technician
..Field Technician
-Field Technician
The field staff includes also three core and sample laboratory assistants, one
clerk-stenographer, and one clerk.
Staff Changes
J. E. Hughes, of the Mineralogical Branch staff, was assigned to the Petroleum
and Natural Gas Branch on July 2nd.
Board of Arbitration
Chairman: A. W. Hobbs, solicitor, Department of the Attorney-General.
Members: R. R. McLeod, engineer, Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources;
S. G. Preston, agrologist, Department of Agriculture.
The Board of Arbitration is responsible to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, and is established under the authority of the Petroleum and Natural Gas
Act. The Board grants right of entry by oil and gas companies upon alienated land
and determines conditions of entry and compensation therefor. It also terminates
the right of entry when the company has ceased to use the land.
The Board held no hearings in 1965 but made eight orders for immediate right
of entry with respect to which it may be necessary to fix compensation at some future
time in the event of the parties concerned failing to dispose of the matters by agreement.
Conservation Committee
Chairman: P. J. Mulcahy, Deputy Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Members: N. D. McKechnie, geologist, Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources; M. H. A. Glover, economist, Department of Industrial Development, Trade,
and Commerce.
The Conservation Committee is responsible to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, and was established originally on October 11, 1957, under the
authority of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act.   Its duties are as follows:—
(1) To act as an advisory committee to the Minister on such questions of conservation that the Minister, in writing, shall refer to the Committee for
consideration and recommendation.
(2) To deal with such questions of conservation and production in the various
fields of British Columbia as may arise between two or more operators in
the same field or between operators and the Branch when appeals on such
questions are made to the Minister and referred by him to the Committee.
The Conservation Committee did not meet in 1965.
GRUB-STAKING PROSPECTORS
Under authority of the Prospectors' Grub-stake Act the Department has provided grub-stakes each year since 1943 to a limited number of applicants able to
qualify. The normal maximum grub-stake is $300, with an additional amount up
to $200 for travelling expenses.   A limited number of experienced prospectors of
 A 70 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1965
proven ability may be granted top priority grub-stakes of as much as $400, plus
a maximum of $300 for travelling expenses, where prospecting is to be done in
approved areas where air transportation is necessary. Items such as guns, fishing-
gear, stoves, boats, and outboard motors are not a legitimate charge against the grant
and must be provided by the applicant. Costly items such as geophysical survey
equipment, mineralights, Geiger counters, berylometers, packsack diamond drills,
two-way radios, horses, and packsaddles are not expendable in any one season and
cannot be accepted at full cost against the grant, but a reasonable rental charge may
be considered.
To qualify at the present time, the Department requires that the applicant shall
be a bona fide prospector holding a free miner's certificate. He must be a British
subject, between the ages of 18 and 70 years, and must have resided in British
Columbia during the year preceding the date of application. He must be able to
identify common rocks and minerals. He should have bush experience and be
physically and mentally fit. He must agree to abide by the regulations which the
Department may make. The grub-staked prospector is provided with maps, a
current list of prices of metals and ores, and information on prospecting and
related matters.
It is required that in order to obtain the maximum grub-stake, he agree to spend
at least 60 days actually prospecting in the area of his choice in British Columbia
considered favourably by officers of the Department. If he prospects a lesser time,
the grant will be reduced proportionately. The grub-stakes are not intended for
week-end prospecting or for short trips from a home base. The grant is usually
made in two payments: the first at the beginning of the season, and the second after
he has completed 60 days in the field and has submitted a diary. In the past, rebates
have been recovered from grantees to whom payments have exceeded the proper
amount for the time and effort devoted to prospecting. A field engineer is employed,
who contacts as many prospetcors as he is able during the field season and gives
advice and direction to those who need it. Grantees are permitted a reasonable
number of free assays.
The grub-stakes are granted with the object of maintaining the search for
mineral occurrences with mine-making possibilities. The grants are not intended
for the purpose of exploring and developing occurrences already found, but one year
is allowed to prospect ground that has been staked by a grantee while on the grubstake. No interest is retained by the Government in any discovery made by a
grantee, other than that which applies in common with all free miners. Time is not
allowed for prospecting on old properties which have had work done on them, unless
mineral deposits of present economic importance have been discovered on them for
the first time. Grub-stakes are not given for prospecting for placer deposits or gem
stones. The grantee must not accept pay from other sources for services rendered
during the period credited to the grub-stake.
It is recognized that competent and experienced prospectors are capable of
looking after themselves in wilderness areas. Nevertheless, experience has shown
that less hazard may result when prospecting is done by two or three men in a team.
A man working alone may be injured or be taken seriously ill and, if alone, he may
have to endure extreme hardship and pain.
Grub-stake grantees are not working for the Government but are self-employed
and are not covered under the provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act.
Therefore, it is recommended that prospectors make their own arrangements concerning insurance coverage to provide for medical and other expenditures that may
be incurred in the event of an accident.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 71
The grants are intended only to assist grantees to go out and prospect and are
not intended for the support of dependents. Therefore, applicants who are married
and have dependents are required to give assurance that their dependents will be
adequately provided for during the time the applicant is absent in the field.
Statistical information covering the grub-stake programme since its inception
is given in the following table:-—■
Grub-stake Statistics
Field Season
Approximate
Expenditure
Men
Grub-staked
Samples and
Specimens
Received at
Department
Laboratory
Mineral
Claims
Recorded
1943   -	
1944
$18,500
27,215
27,310
35,200
36,230
35,975
31,175
26,800
19,385
19,083
17,850
19,989
21,169
20,270
22,000
24,850
21,575
28,115
29,175
26,730
29,000
31,751
24,717
90
105
84
95
91
92
98
78
63
50
41
48
47
47
46
47
38
50
47
52
50
53
42
773
606
448
419
469
443
567
226
255
251
201
336
288
163
174
287
195
358
309
233
150
213
241
87
135
1945
181
1946. ..
162
1947...
142
1948
138
1949       _	
1950     . 	
1951              ..      •
1952
103
95
137
95
1953
1954
141
123
1955               ...	
183
1956
217
1957..
101
1958  .
211
1959
I960
202
241
1961- _      .	
1967.
325
189
19«3
843
1964    	
1965 ... 	
351
219
Samples and specimens received from grub-staked prospectors are spectrographed, assayed, and tested for radioactivity. Mineralogical identifications are
made on request.
Sixty-one applications were received in 1965, and 42 grub-stakes were authorized. Two grantees were unable to go out, and their initial payments were returned.
Grantees who were unable to complete the terms and conditions of the grant
received only partial payment. Ten prospectors were given grants for the first time.
Three grantees proved to be unsatisfactory. Several grantees used aircraft for transportation to their prospecting areas. One grantee was taken ill and was unable to
continue prospecting.
D. H. Rae interviewed applicants in Vancouver and contacted 20 grantees in
the field and gave advice and direction to those who needed it. The following notes
have been largely compiled from Mr. Rae's observations while in the field and from
information provided in the diaries of the grantees.
Alberni Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done close to the northwest
side of Nitinat Lake; secondary copper mineralization was found but nothing of
importance was reported.
Atlin Mining Division.—Between Blanchard River and Stanley Creek, bedded
sedimentary rocks containing pyrite and some small limonite deposits were reported.
Near the Haines road a diorite contact was prospected. On the west slopes of the
Kusawak Range and along Nadahini Creek valley, pyritized sedimentary rock, some
limonite deposits, and narrow quartz veins were reported.   In upper Goldrun Creek
 A 72 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
valley, quartz veins along a diorite-limestone contact were investigated. Nothing
of importance was found as a result of this work.
In the Squaw Creek valley, apart from the copper deposit previously reported
and worked on for the past two years, an extension of the zone has been found
showing malachite in limestone, and close to this heavily pyritized sediments showing traces of chalcopyrite and sphalerite. The O'Connor River area was prospected,
as well as around the Rainbow Lakes and Parton River valley. At some indefinite
location in this general area a gossan zone was sampled and found to contain very
high values in silver.
A large area in the vicinity of Tatsamenie Lake, including the Cheja and
Chechidla Ranges, was carefully prospected. On the northwesterly shore of the
lake, green copper stain and some copper and iron sulphides were seen in greenstone. In general the geology of the area is interesting, although nothing of importance was reported. In the Chechidla Range some granite float showing disseminated molybdenite was picked up, but the source of this float was not found.
Some of the gossans in the area proved to be rusty stained calcite.
Cariboo Mining Division.—Some inconclusive work was done in the Canoe
River valley southeast of Valemount.
About 38 miles southwest of Prince George, outcrops of ultrabasic rocks and
serpentine were prospected and some narrow asbestos fibre was found.
In the Quesnel Forks region, heavy overburden interfered with prospecting
near Le Bourdais Lake and along Maud Creek. At Spanish Creek, barren quartz
veins and pyritized limestone were noted. A great deal of work was done between
Morehead Lake and Jackpine (Nine Mile) Creek fairly close to the Quesnel River,
where important outcrops of copper carbonates in limestone were opened up. (The
claims staked here are now under option to a mining company.) On the south
side of the Quesnel River, prospecting was done near Buxton Creek and near
Jackpine Creek, where copper carbonates in limestone were investigated. Some
work was done along the Cariboo River and in the Swift River region.
Some work was done in the Giscome area near Tabor Lake and west of
McLeod Lake. Near Great Beaver Lake, minor amounts of cinnabar were reported
to occur in andesite.
Fort Steele Mining Division.—Some work was done from a base camp in the
St. Mary River valley near Dewar Creek.
Greenwood Mining Division.—Considerable work was done on the high
ground east of Christina Lake as far as Mount St. Thomas, but nothing of economic
importance was found.
North of Greenwood a large area underlain by quartz porphyry showed some
oxidized zones stained with both iron and copper. Northwest of Beaverdell, the
drainage basins of Wilkinson, Dale, and Stirling Creeks were investigated.
Close to Baldy Mountain, some narrow quartz veins and some small pegmatite
dykes were reported. In the Gregoire Creek valley, diorite containing rusty quartz
stringers showed minor amounts of pyrite and arsenopyrite, but assays of samples
taken were too low to be of interest.
Kamloops Mining Division.—Near Tunkwa Lake minor occurrences of cinnabar and copper minerals were reported. Some work was done on the North
Thompson River near McLure ferry, Dunn Lake, Boulder Creek (where some
rhodonite float was found), and near Birch Island.
Some work was done on upper Adams Lake and River, and along the west
side of the lake, but nothing of interest was reported other than a deposit of graphite
at Sinmax Creek.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 73
Liard Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done in the vicinity of Dease
Lake. At the north end of the lake, on the east side, some boulders of jade were
examined; on the west side, showings of mariposite, garnierite, and quartz-graphite
were prospected. Nothing of economic importance was noted. At Tucha Lake
an outcrop of quartz-carbonate-chloritic material was sampled and assays made;
no values were found.
Lillooet Mining Division.—Near Lillooet some prospecting was done on McKay, Lee, and Leon Creeks, along the lower Yalakom River, and in the Poison
Lake area. Fine gold was panned in both Antoine and Marshall Creeks. Near
Tyaughton Lake traces of cinnabar were found, and in Tyaughton Creek cinnabar
float was found. Considerable cinnabar float was also found in Relay Creek, not
far from the old Manitou mine, also in Mud Creek and North Cinnabar Creek.
Some inconclusive work was also done around Swartz Lake, Taylor Creek, and
Noaxe Creek.   Nothing of much interest resulted from any of this work.
From Anderson Lake, prospecting was done on both of the main branches of
Lost Valley Creek. On the east fork, considerable faulting and shearing was evident
where massive pyrrhotite was exposed, but assays of samples taken lacked interest.
Some small pieces of chalcopyrite float were found, but not the source of it.
Nanaimo Mining Division.—Some prospecting is currently being done in the
northern part of this mining division, but no information is available.
Nelson Mining Division.—Some work was done near Crawford Bay on Koote-
nay Lake, in the Hooker Creek valley, on Sphinx Mountain, and along Gray Creek.
A great deal of prospecting was done along the Priest River southeast of
Creston, in the Lost Creek valley, and along logging-roads east of the south end of
Kootenay Lake, where narrow veins of galena were uncovered.
Some work was done on Woodbury Creek, in the Hall Creek area, and near
Fruitvale. Nothing of interest was reported. Work was also done near Goat
Mountain between Big Sheep and Lamb Creeks.
New Westminster Mining Division.—The Anderson River valley east of Boston
Bar received some attention, but nothing except abundant quartz float was reported.
In the Stoyoma Mountain area northeast of Boston Bar, open cutting and
diamond drilling were done on a mineral zone showing some magnetite and hematite.
Some work was done in the Hicks Lake area on the east side of the south end
of Harrison Lake.
Nicola Mining Division.—A short time was spent along both sides of the
Nicola River between Merritt and Spences Bridge.
Omineca Mining Division.-—North of the Nation River, a short distance west
of the Manson Creek road, a carbonate zone was prospected.
In the upper Gaffney Creek valley, a fault zone was prospected. Work was
done also on the west fork and at Spring and Skunk Lakes. Near Mount Milligan
pyritized argillite and a narrow quartz vein mineralized with chalcocite were
prospected.
On the west fork of Boulder Creek, metamorphosed limestone was found to
contain minor amounts of galena. Some barren-looking quartz veins were found
in the upper Skeleton Creek valley. Marcasite was found in quartz on the west
slope of the Wolverine Range and along the lower Germansen River traces of nickel
were found in basic rocks. Also in the Wolverine Range, gabbroic float material
was found to contain minor amounts of chalcopyrite and molybdenite, but the
source was not located. At Mount Gillis minor amounts of molybdenite were found
in granodiorite.   On the upper Manson River fine gold in quartz was picked up.
 A 74 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
Some work was done along the Pinchi fault zone, in the upper Kwanika Creek
valley, on Twin Creek and Twenty Mile Creek. At Tom Creek a quartz vein in
sedimentary rock was investigated, also some minor showings of manganese.
Near Copley Lake (Nechako River) some chert was observed. At Kasalka
Butte on Tahtsa Reach, quartz stringers were found in a dark-coloured pyritized
rock, but assays of samples taken showed no values. Near Mount Baptiste some
chalcopyrite float was found. Magnetite could be panned in some of the creeks in
the area. At both Seel Lake and the Blanket Lakes, mineralized zones with indications of copper were prospected. A contact zone at Mount Balom was investigated.
At the southerly end of Troitsa Lake, a wide mineralized zone showing disseminated
molybdenite has been prospected and claims have been staked. This area merits
further careful investigation.
Shoreline and creek valley prospecting was carried out along the southeasterly
side of Morice Lake for about 20 miles. Traces of molybdenite were observed in
one piece of float, and magnetite could be panned from most of the creeks' gravel.
On Nanika Lake, Passage Peak and Nikun Creek were prospected. On Lamprey
Creek, east of Morice Lake, basalt and conglomerate outcrops were seen showing
traces of copper sulphides.
At the northwest end of Babine Lake, a considerable area back from the lake
was prospected. This work was disappointing as much of the area traversed was
underlain by sediments and the access in most places was very difficult due to heavy
undergrowth. A few granite outcrops were found, but no interesting mineralization
was encountered. The area adjacent to Higgins Creek east of Mount Hyland was
prospected; a fairly wide quartz vein mineralized with pyrite, galena, and chalcopyrite was uncovered late in the season. Further work will be done on this discovery
during the 1966 prospecting season.
Near the junction of the Clore and Zymoetz Rivers, an extensive area underlain
by volcanics was found to be liberally mineralized with copper carbonates. A network of logging-roads has assisted greatly in prospecting this area. Some claims
were staked and recorded here.
In the Ivor Creek watershed (Finlay River area), some large sheets of white
mica were picked up.
Osoyoos Mining Division.—West of Summerland, some chalcopyrite float was
picked up. Prospecting extended west to near Mount Kathleen and south to Mount
Brent. South of Dividend Mountain, some magnetite carrying minor amounts of
chalcopyrite was found.   Some work was done in the Ashnola River valley.
Revelstoke Mining Division.—Some inconclusive work was done on a tributary
of Downie Creek and in the Goldstream River valley. At Keystone Creek minor
amounts of molybdenite were found in pegmatite dykes.
Similkameen Mining Division.—Some work was done in the Thynne Creek
valley, where quartz stringers in volcanics showed minor mineralization of chalcopyrite and copper carbonates.
Skeena Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done in the Kitsumkalum
Lake area and up the Nelson River.
A short time was spent near Port Louis on the west coast of Graham Island.
Nothing was reported from the Steel Creek area or from Kingfisher Cove. Prospecting was done from a base camp on Dean Channel near the mouth of the Kim-
squit River. From a similar camp on the Bella Coola River east of Firvale, work
was done as far east as the Rainbow Range.    Nothing of interest was discovered.
Slocan Mining Division.—Prospecting was done on both sides of the Kaslo
River in the general vicinity of Twelve Mile Creek.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 75
Up Fry Creek valley on the east side of Kootenay Lake, an area underlain by
mica schist received some attention.
Vancouver Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done up Knight Inlet in
the Klinaklini River valley.
Vernon Mining Division. — Some work was done up Harris Creek valley,
south of Lumby. Float containing pyrite and minor amounts of molybdenite was
picked up.
Barren-looking quartz veins were examined and sampled on Monashee
Creek, and from the north slope of Mount Beavan. No commercial assays resulted
from samples taken in this area.
Near Mabel Lake, claims were staked in an area underlain by limestone showing disseminated galena and chalcopyrite. At Joss Mountain, light-coloured dykes
were found to be mineralized with minor amounts of chalcopyrite, pyrite, and galena
in an area showing some major faulting. No sample results were reported. At
Blanket Mountain, iron-stained granite outcrops were examined.
Victoria Mining Division.—On the east side of Nitinat Lake, an extensive
logged-off area was carefully prospected. On Doobah Creek, 20 claims were staked
on northwesterly trending shear zones containing minor sulphides. Considerable
surface oxidation was evident. A grid was marked out, and dip-needle readings
were incorporated on a map. Some inconclusive work was done in the vicinity of
Clo-oose.
MINING ROADS AND TRAILS
Provision is made in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources Act
whereby the Minister may, with the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council,
authorize the expenditure of public funds for the construction or repair of roads and
trails into mining areas. Assistance on a half-cost basis may also be provided on
roads and trails to individual properties.
Requests for road and trail assistance must be made to the Department before
the commencement of work. The type of access upon which assistance may be
given depends upon the value of the property, the stage of development, and the
amount of work to be done. A trail is sometimes sufficient for initial exploration,
and a tractor-road may be adequate for preliminary work. Subsequent development might warrant assistance on the construction of a truck-road. A carefully
drawn sketch or plan of the location of the road is required to be submitted and,
where warranted by the amount of assistance requested, a report on the property
by a professional geological or mining engineer may be required. An engineer from
the Department may be required to report on the property before a grant is made
and to inspect the road after the work has been done.
Total mileages and disbursements under " Grants in Aid of Mining Roads and
Trails " during the year ended March 31, 1966, were as follows:—
Roads  Miles Cost
Construction   202.50 $288,829.53
Maintenance   321.25 58,117.96
Trails—
Construction        6.50 1,285.62
Maintenance      12.00 198.90
Bridges—construction   29,000.00
Total     $377,432.01
 A 76 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1965
In addition to the above, work was continued on the Stewart-Cassiar road.
The construction is supervised by the Department of Highways on behalf of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources. At the south end of the road the
31.87-mile section between Strohn Lake and the lower crossing of the Bell-Irving
River was completed. The 38.1-mile section between the south and north crossings
of the Bell-Irving River was cleared and grubbed, and a contract was let on the
substructure of the bridge to be erected at the south crossing of the Bell-Irving
River. At the north end of the road a contract was awarded in November for the
construction of the 29.08-mile section between Burrage Creek and the Ningunsaw
River.
MUSEUMS
The Department has a large exhibit of mineral and rock specimens in the
Douglas Building, Victoria; collections are also displayed in the offices of the
Inspectors of Mines at Nelson, Vancouver, and Prince Rupert.
Specimens from the collection in Victoria, accumulated in a period of more
than 60 years, are displayed in cases on the fourth floor of the Douglas Building.
The collection includes specimens from many of the mines and prospects in the
Province, and also specimens of type rocks and special minerals from British Columbia and elsewhere.
British Columbia material includes specimens collected by officers of the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and specimens donated by property-
owners. The collection also includes type specimens purchased from distributors.
Other valued specimens or groups of specimens have been donated or loaned to the
museum.
ROCK AND MINERAL SPECIMENS
Information regarding collections of specimens of rocks and minerals available
to prospectors and schools in British Columbia may be obtained from the Chief of
the Mineralogical Branch.
PUBLICATIONS
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, bulletins,
and other publications of the Department, with prices charged for them, are listed
in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources List of Publications, available
from the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch.
Publications may be obtained from the offices of the Department in Victoria
and from the office of the Geological Survey in Vancouver. They are also available
for reference use in the Department's library (Mineralogical Branch) at Victoria,
in the reading-room of the office of the Geological Survey of Canada in Vancouver,
and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert, as well as
in public libraries.
MAPS SHOWING MINERAL CLAIMS, PLACER CLAIMS, AND
PLACER-MINING LEASES
From the details supplied by the locators, the approximate positions of mineral
claims held by record and of placer-mining leases are shown on maps that may be
inspected in the central records offices of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources in Victoria and Vancouver. Copies of these maps may be obtained on
request made to the Chief Gold Commissioner, Victoria. The boundaries of surveyed claims and leases are shown on the reference maps and other maps of the
British Columbia Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 77
OFFICES OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND
PETROLEUM RESOURCES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES
AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS, CANADA.
The Provincial Inspectors of Mines and Resident Engineers for the Vancouver
Island and Lower Mainland districts, the Silicosis Control Inspectors, and the Gold
Commissioner and Mining Recorder for Vancouver Mining Division occupy offices
at Room 320, 890 West Pender Street,* Vancouver. Nearby, at 326 Howe Street,
officers of the Geological Survey of Canada are stationed, and a technical library
is maintained.
The services offered to the public at these two offices include technical information on mining and the geology of the Province, the identification of mineral specimens, distribution of Federal and Provincial mining and geological publications,
a reference library, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central records office.
* New address, effective August, 1966.
 Topographic Mapping and Air Photography
The Surveys and Mapping Branch of the British Columbia Lands Service is
responsible for maintaining and extending official surveys and mapping programmes
in British Columbia. For a complete summary of the Branch's work during the past
year, the reader is referred to the Annual Report of the British Columbia Lands
Service, 1965.
The Legal Surveys Division issued 1,139 sets of instructions to surveyors and
received field-notes or plans for 760 lots surveyed under the Land Act and 100 under
the Mineral Act. A total of 70 mineral-claim field-books were prepared during the
year. Fifty departmental reference maps were recompiled and renewed during the
year, and in areas of complex land alienation the scale was enlarged to 2 inches to
1 mile.
The Topographic Division made a control survey along the west coast of Vancouver Island to co-ordinate 44 survey stations. Also, in the Stikine River-Iskut
River area, control was established for IV2 National Topographic 1:50,000 scale
map-sheets. Both projects were prompted by mineral exploration, the west coast
of Vancouver Island control survey for use in exploratory offshore petroleum drilling and the Stikine-Iskut survey as an aid to lode-metal prospecting.
In connection with forest surveys and inventory, the Air Division of the Surveys and Mapping Branch photographed 18,540 square miles at approximately
4 inches to 1 mile (20 chains) scale. Blocks of air-photo coverage were obtained
in the Hazelton, Monkman, Nisconlith Lake, Purden Lake, Redonda-Sayward,
Raft-Adams-Barriere, Slocan-Nakusp, and Tatla-Taseko areas. A 9,830-square-
mile block of photography from southern Tweedsmuir Park to Lillooet was
covered at approximately 2-inches-to-l-mile (40 chains) scale for map-revision purposes. Other work included photography of the central part of the Peace River
Block, National Topographic unit 82L/SE, and parts of the west halves of National
Topographic units 92h and 92i, also at 40 chains scale. In National Topographic
units 104b and 104g (Stikine-Iskut area), 4,570 square miles of photography at
40 chains scale was obtained for topographic mapping and another 815 lineal miles
was photographed along the Stikine and Iskut River valleys.
The mineral industry borrowed or purchased nearly 24,000 standard 9-by-9-
inch aerial photographs in 1965, a 70-per-cent increase over 1964. The British
Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources used 1,825 photographs.
The Geographic Division produced six new land status maps during 1965.
Another status map, 3e (Peace River), was completely revised. New 1:250,000
scale status editions of National Topographic sheets 82m (Seymour Arm), 82n-o
(Golden), 83d-c (Canoe River), and 93h-83e (McBride), were printed during
the year. Two sheets were also published at l-inch-to-2-miles scale, these being
82J/SE-SW (Canal Flats), and 82L/NE (Revelstoke). A total of 12 Provincial
topographic manuscripts were reproduced by Federal mapping agencies at 1:50,000
scale. In keeping with the increasing development of electronic computer programmes, calculations by the Trigonometric Control Section of Geographic Division
are now almost completely based on such programmes. Two in particular, " Bride " .
and " Groom," account for most of the volume of calculations.
Complete indexes to topographic and cadastral maps and to Provincial aerial
photography may be obtained from the Director, Surveys and Mapping Branch,
British Columbia Lands Service, Victoria, B.C.
A 78
 Department of Mines and Technical Surveys
The Canadian Government Department of Mines and Technical Surveys performs many functions related to mining and the mineral industry in general. The
Mines Branch, Geological Survey of Canada, Surveys and Mapping Branch, and
Mineral Resources Divisions are services of the Department of direct interest to
the mineral industry. Brief reference to the work of the Surveys and Mapping
Branch in British Columbia is made in the preceding note headed " Topographic
Mapping and Air Photography." A note on the Geological Survey of Canada
follows this paragraph and is followed by notes on the Mines Branch and the
Mineral Resources Division.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered
Confederation, geological investigations and mapping in the Province are carried on
by the Geological Survey of Canada. Several geological parties are in the field each
year. Many excellent reports and maps covering areas of British Columbia have
been issued by the Geological Survey of Canada, and they have made available a
great amount of information that has been of much benefit to the mining and prospecting activities in British Columbia.
A branch office of the Geological Survey of Canada is maintained in Vancouver. Maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained there. J. E. Armstrong
is in charge of this office at Room 102, 326 Howe Street, Vancouver, 1.
Field Work by Geological Survey of Canada in British Columbia, 1965
Geological mapping was done in the following map-sheets and major areas:—
R. B. Campbell in the Canoe River (83 D) map-area and with H. W. Tipper
in the Bonaparte River East Half (92 P, W Vi) map-area.
R. J. Fulton on the surficial geology of the Vernon West Half (82 L, W Vi)
map-area.
E. C. Halstead on the surficial geology of southeastern Vancouver Island.
G. B. Leech in the Kananaskis Lakes West Half (82 J, W Vi) map-area.
H. W. Little and J. W. H. Monger in the Greenwood West Half (82 E/2, W
Vi) map-area.
J. E. Muller in central Vancouver Island area (parts of 92 F, 92 G, 92 K).
V. A. Preto in Grand Forks West Half (82E/l, W Vi) map-area.
R. A. Price and E. W. Mountjoy on Operation Bow-Athabaska extending
across the Rocky Mountains into British Columbia.
J. A. Roddick, A. J. Baer, and W. W. Hutchinson on Coast Mounta;n project.
G. C. Taylor, with six others, on Operation Liard in northeastern British
Columbia.
H. W. Tipper in Bonaparte River West Half (92P, W Vi), Quesnel (93 B),
and Prince George (93 G) map-areas.
J. O. Wheeler in the Lardeau West Half (82 K, W Vi) map-area.
The following special studies and mapping projects were carried out:—
J. E. Armstrong made a study of glacial deposits and history in the Kitimat-
Terrace area.
D. J. T. Carson conducted metallogenic studies on Vancouver Island.
J. A. Coates continued work in the Manning Park area.
A 79
 A 80 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1965
R. J. Fulton made special studies in connection with Columbia River development.
W. R. Fyson studied structures in the Shuswap Lake area.
E. C. Halstead made ground-water studies in the Fraser Lowland.
G. D. Hobson conducted experimental seismic surveys in Arrow, Shuswap,
and Kamloops Lakes.
T. N. Irvine studied ultramafic rock in northern British Columbia.
E. D. Kindle continued a broad study of copper deposits.
D. W. Lawson began a hydrological study of Trapping Creek basin east of
the Okanagan.
W. J. McMillan did mapping in the Monashee Mountains east of Seymour
Arm.
R. E. Reesor continued his studies of gneisses in the Valhalla Mountains.
J. V. Ross made structural studies in Mount Revelstoke area.
J. G. Souther began a cordilleran volcanic study.
H. P. Trettin studied the Marble Canyon Formation.
Publications of the Geological Survey
A total of 37 publications of the Geological Survey of Canada relating to British
Columbia was received by the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources in 1965.
MINES BRANCH
The Mines Branch has branches dealing with mineral dressing and process
metallurgy, physical metallurgy, radioactivity, and fuels and explosives. A total
of 62 publications of the Mines Branch pertaining to British Columbia was received
in 1965 by the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
They included tabular pamphlets dealing with coal mines, gold mines, stone quarries,
petroleum refineries, and milling plants in Canada.
MINERAL RESOURCES DIVISION
The Mineral Resources Division publishes studies on mineral resources,
mineral economics, mineral legislation, mineral taxation, mining technology, and
other miscellaneous mineral-industry subjects. A total of 11 publications published
by this Division was received by the library.

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